In April of this year, the US government decided to completely withdraw American troops from Afghanistan. At a more rapid pace than what the most expected, the Taliban, a Sunni Islamist militant group, overwhelmed the democratically elected government of Afghanistan, resulting in the near conquest of the entire country on August 15.
Many citizens and foreigners currently seek rapid evacuation from Afghanistan. On August 23, the Japanese government sent three Air Self-Defense Force (ASDF) transport planes (one C2 and two C130) to Afghanistan, mainly to help the stranded Japanese escape.
We intend to collect a quota-based national representative sample from Japan using Lucid Marketplace in this urgent survey. This survey aims to understand Japanese people’s attitudes toward the decisions made by the US and Japanese governments, their attitudes toward the humanitarian crisis, and their opinions about the military alliance with the US. The survey also includes a range of questions about respondents themselves, their views on domestic and international affairs. At the end of the study, we ask a set of 16 questions to measure the “social dominance orientation scale,” a personality trait measuring an individual’s support for social hierarchy and the extent to which they desire their in-group to be superior to out-groups.
There are three experimental components of this study.
A) In our conjoint experiment, we first ask respondents to “consider” a situation where the ASDF allows foreigners to board the small amount of space left on the transport planes. Next, we randomly generate five pairs of hypothetical foreigners by juxtaposing various attributes (nationality, sex, age, family structure, occupation, injuries). We then ask them to express their preferences for foreigners transported outside Afghanistan by Japan’s ASDF.
B) In the second experiment, immediately after the conjoint analysis, we randomly select half of the respondents and ask them to answer two questions about the US government’s decision to withdraw their troops from Afghanistan. We then ask all respondents two questions about Japanese respondents’ opinions about the US-Japan relationship. Finally, we also ask all respondents their perceived capability of the US to defend Taiwan from hypothetical military aggression by China.
C) In the third small experiment, we embed a randomized component in a specific question and measure Japanese people’s NIMBY (not-in-my-backyard) attitudes toward refugee resettlement.