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Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)

Transstellar Journal Publications and Research Consultancy Private Limited (TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.) is a privately held company, dedicated to the global dissemination of information through an unparalleled commitment to quality, reliability, and innovation. As of today, we are one of the leading national and international journal publishers and distributors of our research journals and serve more than 10 million scientists, research scholars, educational institutions, governmental bodies, corporate, sc...


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Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The present study was undertaken to find out the functional aspect of speciality fiber and its application. The study was based on secondary data collection. Data is collected from journals, books, websites, newspapers, published and unpublished thesis, etc. The properties of yarn, functional aspect of yarn and application of camel wool fiber were studied. It was found that camel kid wool is finer and smoother compared to the adult camel wool and it is suitable for apparel purposes. Camel wool...
Topics: Speciality Fiber, Dromedary Camel Wool & Functional Properties of Fiber
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The objective of the present study was to formulate Griseofulvin nanosponges hydrogel for topical delivery to treat topical fungal infection. Conventional dosage forms of Griseofulvin are available, but they show variation in bioavailability and they are associated with a number of toxicities when administered orally. To overcome these problems, the inclusion of Griseofulvin in topical gel formulation was approached with the aim of increasing permeability at the site of action which leads to...
Topics: Griseofulvin, Nanosponges, Hydrogel, Emulsion Solvent Diffusion Method & Zeta Potential
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The aim of the present study is to encapsulate Sorafenib tosylate in liposomal formulation for the effective treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Many conventional dosage forms of Sorafenib tosylate are available in market with high drug dose owing to high permeability and low solubility. But the large drug doses are coupled with a number of toxicities. To overcome such problems, the liposomal inclusions of Sorafenib tosylate have approached with the objective of increasing its...
Topics: Sorafenib Tosylate, Film Hydration Method, Soya Lecithin, Cholesterol, In-Vitro Drug Release &...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The present study was carried out to give preliminary data on positive effects of vestibulator on different types of cerebral palsy children using Vestibulator to see the effect of controlled vestibular stimulation on muscle tone, reflex responses and the ability to balance at Posat foundation rehabilitation centre during December 2017 to March 2018. Clinical trial was carried out with 24 sessions on vestibulator and the results were statistically analysed. 
Topics: Cerebral Palsy, Vestibulator & Vestibular Stimulation
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The present study was taken up to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on nursing care given to the patient using intra-aortic balloon pump, conducted among the students studying BSc nursing. It was a preexperimental study conducted among forty (40) B.Sc students of second year. The study results showed that pre-test scores majority (90%) of 2nd year B.Sc nursing students had poor knowledge and about 10% had an average level knowledge. Whereas, in the post test, it was seen...
Topics: Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump, Structured Teaching Programme & Level of Knowledge
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Plants are among the most important and common sources of potentially valuable drugs. Rhazya Stricta Decne is a traditionally important plant in Oman with medicinal properties. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial activity and hemocompatibility of leaves and stem extracts of R. stricta. Phytochemical investigation of different solvent extracts of the leaves and stems of this plant resulted in the identification of various chemical constituents, such as alkaloids, saponins,...
Topics: Rhazya Stricta, Extract, Antimicrobial, Hemolytic & Minimum Inhibitory
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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It is a degenerative state, which involves changes in bones, discs and joints of the neck. With age, discs of the cervical spine slowly breakdown, loose fluid and joints that turn into rigid. The incidence of cervical osteoarthritis is high in people who carry heavy weights on their shoulder, dancers, gymnasts, and with repeated occupational trauma. TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION (TENS) It's a easy, non-invasive modality. TENS has gained popularity since 1970 in treating acute and...
Topics: Cervical Osteoarthritis, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation & Proprioceptive...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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A Fuzzy logic control system is implemented to optimize the natural frequencies and damping for some AA6061 aluminum products. These products are manufactured using friction stir welding. Due to the wide use of these products in several dynamic applications, an experimental investigation of the spectral analysis is used to apply Fuzzy control. This investigation was implemented for several friction stir welding conditions. The application of the developed fuzzy system indicates that natural...
Topics: AA6061 Aluminum Alloy, Friction Stir Welding, Natural Frequency, Fuzzy System & Rotational and...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a simulation tool that is used to analyse thermal phenomena and complex fluids. In this study, the coolant flow parameters in the sub-channels of fuel assemblies in the VVER-1000 reactor were examined by ANSYS R2. It was examined in different meshes accuracy and turbulence models to deal with the flow of water distribution problems such as velocity, pressure change as well as hydraulic resistance to the meshes of separation. The aim of this paper is to...
Topics: 3D Modelling, CFD, Fuel Assembly, Heat-Mass Transfer, Hydrodynamic, Sub Channel, Turbulent Flow,...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This study seeks to address problems in manufacturing, and in particular, schedule planning. Black Widow Optimization (BWO) metaheuristic is the algorithm employed , which can identify the optimal usage of the variables in the manufacturing process. Computational experiments are carried out with data provided by an unspecified manufacturer, under varying constraints. The findings indicate that various problems can be solved by BWO with superior efficiency to alternative approaches and within a...
Topics: Manufacturing and Scheduling Planning, Yield Optimization, Metaheuristic & Black Widow...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Tool and die steels are essential for nearly all industrial sectors, hence they are being used to shape all articles that are present around us. Tool steel refers to a spectrum of plain and medium or highly alloyed ones that are particularly tailor - made for specific purpose. Their performance come from their special microstructures (carbides and martensite) which assure resistance to adhesive and abrasive wear as well as galling, and their ability to maintain a cutting edge at severe adhesive...
Topics: Tool Steels, Hot Working, Hot Deformation, Electroslag Refining, Powder Spraying, Powder...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Balkhash Copper Plant obtains sulfuric acid from metallurgical gases, which is received from melted copper charge and converted matte. Slime from wet gas scrubbing is discharged into the dump. It results in the loss of more than 30% of selenium from the copper anode slimes received at this plant. This work presents the compositions of lead and selenium and the material composition of these elements in slime samples taken in different years. We presented the results of a study on the conversion...
Topics: Slime of the sulfuric acid workshop of the Balkhash Copper Plant, Lead, Selenium, Leaching,...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This paper represents a developed method for the measurement of natural frequencies of some suggested structures, which may be used later in measuring the vibrational behavior of such mechanical structures, machinery, automobiles, vehicles and some other applications in bio-systems such as human body and interconnected systems. This developed method is based on the measurement of the two main physical quantities required to calculate the natural frequency of any system: mass (M) and stiffness...
Topics: Bio-Systems, Automobiles, Mechanical Structures, Mechanisms, Natural Frequency & Vibrations
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This study was conducted to investigate the influence of milling parameters and machining time on the surface roughness and tool wear. The experimental was designed and conducted with three controllable factors-three levels (axial depth of cut, feed rate, and cutting speed) in dry pocket milling processes of aluminum alloy Al7075. Performance measurements that were chosen to perform were surface roughness and tool wear at three machining time (after 90 minutes machining, after 180 minutes...
Topics: Surface Roughness, Tool Wear, Machining Parameter, ANOVA & Al7075
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Titanium Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Hydrocarbon, Cotton Seed Oil, Specific Fuel Consumption, Carbon Dioxide & Brake Power
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The energy empowered world demands energy from various increasing resources. The best energy alternative is offered by biodiesel to the evolutionary world. To reduce emission of diesel/ biodiesel blend and improve the engine performance, the metallic nanoparticles are added and had proven their effectiveness. This paper is focused on experimental investigation of Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) diesel engine and characteristics of emission rate of cotton seed oil biodiesel with TiO2 as a...
Topics: Titanium Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Hydrocarbon, Cotton Seed Oil, Specific Fuel Consumption, Carbon...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transellar Journal
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This work examines the effect of grain size on the surface hardness of pack carburizing mild steel. The pack carburizing procedure aims to add carbon into surface of speciments (mild steel SS400). The carbon source commonly used in previous researches is charcoal teak, coconut shell charcoal, bamboo charcoal and palm cernel shell charcoal. The corn cob charcoal has not been used in previous studies. In the study, used corncob charcoal with a variety of grain sizes, A carburizer composed of corn...
Topics: Mild Steel SS400, Pack Carburizing, Grain Size, Surface Hardness Number, Carburizing Time &...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This study analyzes the influence of internal heat generation on the temperature distribution, displacement and thermal stresses in a thick circular plate described as 𝟎 ≤ 𝒓 ≤ 𝒂, −𝒉 ≤ 𝒛 ≤ 𝒉 within a context of uncoupled thermoelasticity. A direct transient thermoelastic problem of circular plate because of internal heat generation with radiation kind of boundary conditions is discussed. The third kind boundary condition is kept on upper and lower plane surface of the...
Topics: Thermal Stresses, Thick Circular Plate, Internal Heat Generation
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The influence of the chemical theraphy of sisal fibres during the enduing procedures of mercerization (alkali treatment), silane handling and ultimately acid hydrolysis on the morphology and thermal behaviour of sisal fibre-epoxy resin composites were examined. Scrutinizing electron microscopy examination indicated the chemical handling procedures led to a reduction in the transverse dimension of the cellulose cells and an attendant reduction in the cross-sectional dimensions of the sisal...
Topics: Morphology, Thermal, Silane, Mercerization & Epoxy
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In this investigation, post weld ageing treatment and its effect on tensile and micro structural characteristics of extruded, friction welded hybrid AA6061/SiC/Graphite composites are experimentally analysed. The tensile strength, yield strength, notch strength and elongation were evaluated. They were found to be inter-related with micro-structural and hardness characteristics. The tensile as well as micro structural characteristics of as-welded and post weld artificially aged joints are...
Topics: Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites, Friction Welding, Stircasting, Extrusion, Artificial Ageing &...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Flexible strain sensors are being researched excessively. The primary thoughts of maximizing the interfacial contact/ bonding between the additives and the polymer is being achieved through wrapping of carbon nanofibers with polymers and then using them as strain sensors. This causes enhancementin sensing strain of the composite. In this work, we present the novel method that can be used to wrap CNFs with polymers like Polyaniline and polypyrrole. Both polyaniline and polypyrrole have that same...
Topics: Strain Sensor, Nanocomposites, Carbon Nanofibers, Wrapped CNFs & Polymer Wrapped CNFs
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Agriculture contributes almost 20% to the overall GDP of Pakistan & its production is about 40 million tons annually. The major crops of Pakistan include wheat, maize, rice, pulses. Since agriculture in Pakistan is gradually being commercialized, because of technological modifications, innovations and grouping rate of consumers demand keeping this importance under consideration, greater emphasis is laid upon production of value-added agricultural products rather than producing raw products...
Topics: Grain Grading and Cleaning, Bamboos, Wind Cleaning & Shorter Lead time
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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A study of resonant periodic orbits is made in the photogravitational restricted problem of three bodies (PRTBP). SunJupiter and Sun–Uranus systems are chosen and Poincaré surface of sections (PSS) is utilized in this study. Using the technique of PSS, locations of the resonant periodic orbits (4:3 and 3:2) are determined and solar radiation pressure effect is studied on these periodic orbits. Solar radiation pressure helps in merging these resonant periodic orbits (4:3 and 3.2 into 1:1) and...
Topics: : Photogravitional problem of three bodies, Resonance, Poincaré surface of sections & Sun...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The friction stir welding (FSW) process is a recent solid-state joining process to produce the permanent joint of two dissimilar metals. In this paper, the study of the effects of tool rotation speed and welding speed on the tensile strength, Microstructure, Micro hardness properties during friction stir welding process has been done. From the literature, it is understood that tool rotation speed and welding speed play an important role on the mechanical properties and weld quality. Important...
Topics: Friction Stir Welding, Mechanical Properties, Welds Quality, Axial Force & Welding Speed
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The present article has studied the thermal pimp system of air-water type, maintaining heat production for the building in Almaty (Kazakhstan). The thermal pump system’s working mode in winter time is considered as intermittent. Thermal pump system’s heat characteristics, environment external temperature values have been conducted using the real data. The methodology for calculating the energy consumption and seasonal efficiency of the heat pump was calculated. The minimum temperature for...
Topics: : Solar Collector, Heat Pump, Seasonal Efficiency & Thermosyphon Circulation
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In this paper, the effect of of connection tube material in calibration system on the measurement of dew point temperature for Dew Point Sensors (DPS) and estimation of measurement uncertainty were investigated by means of experimental and statistical technique. The calibrations for the sampling DPSs as the experimental method due to tube materials were performed for over a year. The investigation was focused on variances of correction and deviation of measured dew points indicated by...
Topics: Dew Point Temperature, Tube Material, Calibration, Measurement Uncertainty, Uncertainty...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In this paper, the feasibility of Friction Stir Welding (FSW) of Aluminium alloy pipe with Stainless Steel plate is studied. Aluminium alloy and Stainless Steel are widely used in aerospace, automotive, marine, defense, construction etc. due to their high strength, low weight, high machinability, good conductivity of heat and electricity etc. Friction stir welding is preferred for joining these materials as it is a strong state produce welding procedure and issues related with welding of...
Topics: Applications, Friction Stir Welding, Advantages & Limitations
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The current research studies the influences of yttrium element as an addition on the behavior of oxidation of NiTiShape Memory Alloy system (SMAs). Specimens were manufactured by powder technology method, the blended powder consisting of titanium and nickel with constituents of (45 %wt.) and (55% wt.) correspondingly. Yttrium was added in different weight percentage of (0.5 and 0.9). The constituents of powders were blended for five hours and later compressed with stable compressing load of...
Topics: NiTi, Shape Memory Alloy, Oxidation, Yttrium & Activation Energy
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Metal forming process has become an important area in the industries due to their regular usage in all the relevant fields of engineering. Extrusion makes an impact in the industries; a study of extrusion process with the variation of parameters has become difficult, as controlling of these parameters are very difficult. A research work was carried out for the Al6061 specimen to check the various mechanical properties by varying the different parameters. In this work, the tensile properties and...
Topics: Al6061, Natural ageing (NA), Ram speed & Artificial ageing (AA)
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The Functionally Graded Material (FGM) are combination of ceramic and metal and hence exhibit properties such that FGM becomes suitable for the conditions where high temperature environment is prevailing. The combination of the FGM is governed by the material variation which is done by following certain laws of material distribution such as Power law, Sigmoid law, Exponential law etc. The analysis of FGM under thermal and thermo-mechanical of FGM structures is one important dimension which has...
Topics: FGM, Deflection, Stress, Strain & Thermo-Mechanical
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In the grinding process, surface roughness is an very important factor affecting production quality. This paper used empirical research methods to evaluate the influence and optimize the machining mode including cutting mode parameters: Feed rate Sd, rotate speed of workpiece nw, and cutting depth t. Along with the hardness parameter of the machining material is T1 tool steel which is heat treatment achieving hardness in range 40 to 60 HRC. The goal is to achieve the smallest surface roughness...
Topics: Surface roughness, Optimization, Machining parameters, Hardness & External cylindrical Grinding
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Composite material is a material consisting of two or more physically or chemically distinct phases, suitably arranged or distributed together to get improved mechanical properties. Nowadays, a wide range of composite engineering materials shows natural fiber-reinforced polymer composite hasplayed a vital role in manufacturing industries. These composites possess a combination of superior mechanical properties as well as resistance to environmental degradation. The conventional polymer-based...
Topics: Hand Layup Moulding system, Vinyl ester [VE], Grewia Asiatica/Phalsa Woodfiber & Composite
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The mechanical properties of the metal matrix composites are superior to the wide range of composites used in various operating conditions. For different engineering applications, these composites have replaced many metals because of its updated properties. This article discusses the review of Aluminium Metal Matrix Composites (AMMC) machining and the enforced synthesis of its composites. This article also attempts to elaborate the recent works that is being conducted on the AMMC. For making...
Topics: Aluminium Metal Matrix Composites, Reinforcement, Cutting Speed, Feed, Depth of Cut, Surface Finish...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The efficiency of any internal combustion engine depends upon the heat energy available for combustion. In this paper, a theoretical analysis was carried out on both uncoated and coated piston to find the temperature distribution over the piston length. Even though many coating materials are available and they have their own advantage and disadvantage, in this work, Alumina has been taken based on the literature. Also the analysis was carried out with various coating thicknesses such as 60,...
Topics: : TBC, Coating Material, Coating Thickness & Temperature Distribution
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), it is necessary to remove particulate matter and gaseous pollutants from gas stream before releasing into atmosphere during abnormal conditions such as severe accidents. There are many efforts have been made in past to remove pollutants. In view of environmental aspects and stringent regulation of nuclear safety, this paper presents experimental investigation on performance of venturi scrubber. The experimentation is carried out in submerged condition. The venturi...
Topics: Contaminated Air, Scrubbing Fluid, L/G Ratio, NPP, Primary Tank & Suction Venturi
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The worldwide growing demand for electrical power, increasing fuel prices and rising concerns about climate change have attracted attention to renewable energies in the last decades. Specially, Jordan severely suffers from sources of energy; which affects its economic level. Even though solar power technologies have progressed a lot in the past years, still low efficiency and high initial cost are the main obstacles for prevalent use of such technologies. A back-surface cooling channel with...
Topics: PV Panel, Efficiency, Water Cooling, Operating Temperature & Indoor Test
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Elevated temperature oxidation causes deterioration of materials in boiler, gas turbine and other power generating units. Alloys and super alloys are employed due to higher mechanical properties and creep resistance. The comparative analysis of alloys and super alloys were done and find that super alloys are high susceptible at higher temperature oxidation. The elevated temperature oxidation behavior of alloys and super alloys have been estimated by exposing the specimens at 800°C for 50...
Topics: Deterioration, High Temperature, Oxidation, Alloys and Super Alloys & SEM & XRD Analysis
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Aluminium is known to have lightweight, good corrosion sustainability and perfect abilities to be recycled. Combination of these benefits attracts engineers to apply aluminium more and more. Among main disadvantages of aluminium are low hardness and plasticity. Thislack ofstrength createslimitations for applying aluminum alloys in high loaded construction. There are known many techniquesfor providing strength propertiesfor aluminum parts, among which Laserimplantation is one of the most...
Topics: Laser Implantation, Aluminum Alloy Hardening, Impact Resistance, Face-Hardening & Laser...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The structural solution of such parts in terms of complexity and manufacturing material is diverse. The fittings are lowtech castings, in connection with this, it is necessary to clarify the power features of such cyastings. Austenitic chromiumnickel steel valves castings have stringent tightness requirements. The reason for the violation of the integrity of the castings during operation is most often captured (provided that the porosity does not receive excessive development). As a measure to...
Topics: Steel Flange Valves, Directional Solidification Gradient, Valves Density and Reliability, Valve...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar journal
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Functionally Graded Material (FGM) is a case of composites wherein material properties are varied gradually by following certain material distribution laws. The volume fraction is controlled by Power law distribution and Sigmoid law distribution. Various structure forms made of FGMs are available such as shells, plates, beams etc. Plate deformation theories (such as First order and Third order deformation theories) are used to calculate response of FGM plate. First order theory is used for thin...
Topics: FEM, FGM, FSDT, Deflection & Stress
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In the modern developments to increase the methodologies in liquid state welding process, a new concern about the solid state welding shall be looked after as a change in scenario as it may be suiting in many places as a replacement because of its improved characteristics over the case compared to liquid state welding process. Here in our work, we take the case of friction welding process for joining various combination of the following aluminium alloys 5083, 6061, 7075 were taken for...
Topics: Friction Welding, SEM & Aluminium Alloy
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Tests were taken to determine exhaust emissions of a petrol engine having cuprum sprayed engine [CuE, Cuprum of thick, 0.3 mm ) sprayed on the top portion of the piston and interior portion of cylinder head] coupled with catalytic converter (CC) with iron of sponge as oxidizer with two fuels of petrol and petroleum mixed with butanol (85% petrol and 15% butanol by V) and correlated with data of standard engine (SE) with operation of petrol. The effects of variables of engine with variety of...
Topics: Petrol Engine, Butanol, Cuprum Sprayed Engine & Products of Exhaust, and CC
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Supersonic/Hypersonic air intake performance is defined in terms of intake capability and efficiency. This work mainly deals with an intake starting characteristic for different contraction ratio of hypersonic vehicles. The strong-shock design principle is proposed on the basis of comparison of the limiting contraction line with the Kantrowitz (self-starting) lines of a few particular ramp intakes. Our study is based on varying area contraction ratio (1, 1.5, 1.7, 2 and 2.5) and to find the...
Topics: Intake Starting Characteristic, Contraction Ratios, Intake Un-Start & Axi-Symmetry Vs Symmetry...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In this research study, preventive maintenance technique for improving the boiler efficiency is analysed with help of specific methodology. High efficiency can be achieved with the help of an optimal approach of the preventive method. In Kuwait. Among (80) participants, 62.5% of the participants were technical while 37.5% were engineers, the highest group 51.3% were 45 to 55 years old, 51% had master’s degree, 42.5% had more than 10 years as experience and 28.8% working in steel industry. The...
Topic: Boiler Efficiency & Engineers Group
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In large electronic systems where the thermal loads are distributed in a pattern, coolant flow requirements also need to follow similar pattern. Available literature mainly focuses on uniform flow distribution through manifolds. However, for rack mounted electronics where heat loads are in a repetitive pattern, flow distribution also follows similar pattern. This paper presents a methodical approach in providing the pattern flow distribution through manifold system. Based on principle of...
Topics: Electronics Cooling, Manifolds, Uniform Flow & Patterned Flow
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In the present paper, a distributed compliant mechanism capable of performing specified mechanical function of Geometric Amplification (GA) is presented. The geometry of the mechanism is developed considering a predefined design domain (size constraint) to achieve a GA of two (2) using the principles of topology optimization. The proposed distributed compliant mechanism is modeled and analyzed in order to obtain the desired GA by considering two different materials i.e. Al and Stainless Steel....
Topics: Compliant Mechanism, Geometric Amplification (GA) & Topology Optimization
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The main objective of this research is to increase the head and efficiency of the pump so that the cooling system of a tractor can be improved. Centrifugal pumps are the most commonly used turbomachinery devices. They are utilized to raise the pressure or induce flow in a manipulate volume. The experimental setup was established at the industry to calculate the head and efficiency of the pump at various speeds and discharges. Later the CAD models of the mixed flow impeller using CAD modelling...
Topics: Tractor, ANSYS CFX, Solidworks, Mixed Flow Impeller, CFD Analysis & Meshing
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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A product's sustainability fails if its standard function deviates from the desired working conditions (i.e., by making an unscheduled stop), which makes less competitive. This study aims to develop a smart autonomation system via closer monitoring of the time series' forecasting model of deviation behavior to enable it to stop for maintenance when needed. The proposed methodology (Artificial Poka-yoke; APY) achieves the objective via two sequential phases focusing on improving the...
Topics: Lean Manufacturing, Poka-Yoke, ARIMA, Neural Network Model & Deviation Forecasting
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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A numerical investigation of unsteady free convection MHD nanofluid flow and heat transfer over a stretching vertical flat plate embedded in a porous medium is done. Magnetic field of constant strength is applied in transverse direction. With the help of similarity variables, the governing equations are solved. Skin-friction coefficient and Nusselt number are calculated in non-dimensional form. The effect of various physical parameters including in governing equations are shown by graphs.
Topics: Nanofluid, MHD, Unsteady, Grash of Number, Stretching Sheet, Nusselt Number, Skin Friction...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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A silencer is the passage through which exhaust gases leaves the vehicle after being combusted in the engine. The combustion temperature may reach close to 800ºC. Even though engines are provided with fins to keep it cool with air flow, the exhaust gases are forced out of the chamber while they are still hot. Thus, the silencer also gets heated by the effect of these gases. Hence, there is a need to reduce the effects of harmful heated exhaust gases. Therefore, manufacturers provide chambers...
Topics: Heat Transfer, Convention, Silencer Cooling, Delta Wing & Heat Dissipation
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In the present work, effects of abrasive flow rate, stand-off distance and traverse speed has been visualised on surface roughness of CFRP composite material using water submerged Abrasive Water Jet Machining (AWJM). The experiments were conducted based on Response surface design created by MINITAB 17. Regression models were established to predict the correlation between the input process parameters and surface roughness for CFRP. This process is mainly best suited for cutting thermo- sensitive...
Topics: Abrasive Water Jet Machining (AWJM, ) Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP), Response Surface...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This article presents a study on prediction of residual stress on the surface layer of workpiece when grinding AISI 1045 steel. Johnson-Cook's material model has been applied to build a relationship between residual stress on the surface layer and the parameters of the machining process. That relationship is used to predict the value of residual stress when grinding. The results of prediction of residual stress were compared with the experimental results. The results show that the residual...
Topics: Johnson-Cook’s Material Model, Prediction of Residual Stress when Grinding & AISI 1045 Steel
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This paper mainly focuses on developing new transmission drives for Hybrid drive systems. In the current world, we can observe different Hybrid drive systems in which Toyota Prius is one of the well-known hybrid drive system, but the problem with these systems are that they are large in size and the initial investment for manufacture is quite high which makes them confine to four wheeler drives. By a survey, most of the countries of Asia continent use motorcycles as their primary mode of...
Topics: Hybrid Drive System, Continuous Variable Transmission, Centrifugal Clutch & Transmission System
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This paper presents an experimental work on the development of natural fiber reinforced polymeric composites. The powdered rosin, flax fiber, sisal fiber and sunn hemp fiber are utilized as fillers or reinforcements with epoxy resin for making hybrid composites. The fiber and resin compositional proportion in each specimen are 1:1 while the epoxy resin and hardener composition is 10:1 respectively. In the first type of hybrid composite, only sunn hemp and sisal fibers were added and in the...
Topics: Rosin, Polymer matrix composite (PMC), Mechanical Properties, Sunn Hemp Fiber, Sisal Fiber, Flax...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In the present study, the surface roughness characteristics of Al-7075 require analysis due to the abrasive phase present in the reinforcement of Zro2 particles. So the presence of nano particles in the metal increases hardness and strength. When the workpiece is machined, discontinuous chips are produced, resulting in different machining characteristics. So, by using surface roughness tester, the measured values are seen and by box-behnken analysis the various parameters are found. 
Topics: Surface Roughness Measurement (Talysurf Instrument), Box-Behnken & Design Analysis
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Aluminium 6082 is one of the most extensively used alloys in the industry due to its good mechanical properties and weldability. TIG welding is a most common joining process for this alloy as it results in better quality weld compared to other methods of welding. Aluminium 6082 is mainly used in automotive, shipbuilding, aircraft and structural applications. Deterioration of the mechanical properties of the weld metal and weakening of the heat-affected zone compared to the parent metal are the...
Topics: Aluminium 6082, TIG Welding, Filler Wire, Mechanical Properties, Hardness of Weld Metal,...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This paper studies a refrigeration system by using thermoelectric effect (peltier), a module for controlling the temperature within an enclosed structure that is provided in the system. It consists of controller system, transducers, cooling fan and sensing element. The desired temperature which was about 5°C for 10 litres of loads as similar as normal refrigerators, the various parameters of this module are of cooling fan voltage (CFV), Peltier Voltage (PV) and ambient temperature (Ta). The...
Topics: Thermoelectric, Peltier, Controller System, Cooling Fan & Ambient Temperature
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Resistance spot welding plays an important role in the field of manufacturing of cars, buses and railway bodies etc. It also has significant importance in the field of manufacturing due to automation and quick processing. There are many key factors that controls this process of RSW such as current, time, electrode force, contact resistance, property of electrode material and surface conditions etc. In this research work, the effect of three major welding parameters such as pressure, weld time...
Topics: Resistance Spot Welding (RSW), Weld Pressure, Weld Current, Weld Time, Response Surface Methodology...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The draw on alcohols in diesel engines is a way of reducing dependence on diesel. Particularly, high alcohols like nbutanol (nB) consist of carbons. These alcohols can be produced from easily available sources. When they are mixed with diesel, the mixed fuel exhibited enhanced properties and thereby engine gave better performance and less emission. Various works are going on to analyze the characteristics of engine which uses alcohol. The present work examines the possibilities of using alcohol...
Topics: n- Butanol (nB), Non-Edible & Compression Ignition
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In this paper work, a new combination of composite material is being prepared by the reinforcement of e-glass fibre with epoxy resins by the addition of special soot material with wt % as 0%, 0.1%, 0.5% and 1.0% by compression moulding methodology. Finite element analysis for the composite material with addition of special soot particles was carried out for various loading conditions and results were obtained. Error analysis was also done. It was seen that inclusion of reinforcement contributed...
Topics: E-Glass Fiber, Compression Moulding & Finite Element Analysis
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The factors which affect the performance of mixed multi -model assembly lines are difficult to be assessed and solved by mathematical model. This paper attempts a practical solution to the stochastic Automobile Instrument cluster assembly line balancing problem. The factors influencing the assembly time in manufacturing systems are analyzed, the Arena simulation model for the above assembly line is built, and the effects of factors on the line balancing problem are considered by simulation tool...
Topics: Automobile Instrument Cluster Assembly Line, Mixed-Model Assembly Line Balancing, Stochastic...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Material handling is a system or combination of methods, facilities, labour, and equipment for moving, packaging and storing of materials to meet specific objectives. A stacker is a machine used in material handling unit. In the present study among the different stackers which are manufactured in maini material movement private limited, electric stackers are considered. These electric stackers can move in horizontal and vertical directions. The vertical movement is controlled by hydraulic...
Topics: Cycle Time, Critical Path Method & Electric Stackers
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Presently, India is stepping towards becoming a global super power. This research implies that it is leading the list of developing countries in terms of economic development. Therefore, the energy requirement of the country would increase in rapid rate. In this research paper, the optimum twist of a windmill blade is examined on the basis of elementary blade-element theory. From this project to find out the wind speed and blade angular velocity depends upon the variation of the sectional lift...
Topics: Windmill Blade, Drag Coefficients & Angle of Attack
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 4, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In manufacturing industries, material handling is an essential task in moving the materials from one place to another. Among the material handling systems, manual handling is a usual practice in many industries. However, in large production setups, where the production rate is high and the product is huge and complex, the manual handling of materials is not possible. Manual material handling demands a lot of human effort and also affects the workers ergonomically. This paper explains the draw...
Topic: Adjustable Height Type Conveyor. Ergonomic Assessment & MSD
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In recent years, an extensive research work has been carried on the performance testing of diesel engines with the fuel additives. The fuel additives are used to improve the combustion rate as they increase the surface area of fuel droplets to combustion. The fuel additives are largely associated with gasoline and oil-based fuels to reduce environmental pollution, improve mileage and power output of the engine. The use of additives helps to increase combustion rate, decreases harmful emissions,...
Topics: CI Engine, Combustion, Additive, Fuel Consumption & Brake Power
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In the present overall innovation centric development, a large measure of work is completed on machining of Carbon fiber Graphite/Epoxy which covers utilization of the Abrasive Water Jet machine (AWJM). AWJM is one of the nonstandard machining processes that has been comprehensively used for machining of Carbon fiber Graphite/Epoxy overlays. It is used for cutting and slicing hard-to-cut materials. This procedure is less delicate to material properties and consequently does not cause babble,...
Topics: Delamination, Abrasive Water Jet Machining, Optimization, Modeling & Simulation
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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Titanium alloys not only have high physical and mechanical properties, in addition, they are the most suitable materials for medical use among metal biomaterials. The machinability of titanium alloys depends on the phase and chemical composition, microstructure parameters and selected cutting conditions. Titanium alloy Grade 5 is used for research, its properties are as close as possible to the analogue of medical titanium alloy. Therefore, it is experimentally determined the surface roughness...
Topics: Implant, Titanium Alloys, Cutting Conditions, Processing Technology, Surface Roughness &...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In the design of a vibratory bowl feeder to produce the desired part feed rate, motion analyses are necessary on both the bowl and the part during excitation of the bowl feeder. This study modelled the excitation force of the electromagnet that gives a vibratory motion to the bowl feeder. The model showed that the excitation force increased linearly with the amplitude of the excitation voltage, whereas the force decreased parabolically with the increment of frequency. The force model was then...
Topics: Bowl Feeder, Excitation Model, Motion Analysis, Feed Rate & Excitation Parameters
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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To determine optimal or near optimal cutting conditions in various kinds of metal cutting process optimization problems, it incorporates the use of one or more of the existing modelling and optimization techniques, making the framework a unified and effective mean. The Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is one of the most well-known and most acknowledged non-conventional machining process utilized. The work-piece material chose in this test is Titanium Grade 23 Alloy [Ti 6AL-4V ELI]...
Topics: Electric Discharge Machining, Tool Wear Rate, Material Removal Rate, Peak Current & Flushing...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In the present work, Response Surface Methodology is used to investigate the effect of four input variables, namely: type of workpiece (WP), pulse energy (PE), pulse duration (Ton), welding speed (WS) and on the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) in YAG laser welding process. To study the proposed second-order polynomial model for UTS, a Central Composite Design is used for estimating the model coefficients of the four input factors on UTS. Experiments were conducted on Cp- Ti alloy with...
Topics: Pulsed Nd- YAG Laser Welding, Ti, Ti-6Al-7Nb Alloy, UTS, MODELLING & RSM
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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To prevent accidents, the vehicles have to be designed for stopping at shortest distance on braking without losing control. Still researchers are studying on advances in Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS) for different road conditions. From the investigation, it is found that the ABS performance on rough road surface decreases because of lack of predictability in road surfaces. The performance can be enhanced in rough road by controlling the suspension and using proper intelligent prediction...
Topics: Antilock Braking, Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Quarter Car, Rough Road Surface & Stopping...
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This paper is intended to study mechanical, corrosion and thermal properties of aluminium metal matrix composites with Multiwalled carbon nanotubes as reinforcements. In the present study, aluminium base alloy (LM 9) is reinforced with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in 1%, 2 and 3 % using stir casting. Tests are conducted to evaluate for hardness, thermal behavior under varying temperature, and thermal conductivity to assess the influence of MWCNTs as reinforcements. The results...
Topics: Aluminium, Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes, Composite, Hardness, DSC & Thermal Conductivity
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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The project aims at developing a system which makes use of wind, piezo and solar energy for rural and urban electrification. This project cuts down the floor space used by conventional wind mills and solar panels. This configuration allows the three sources to supply the load depending on the availability of the energy sources. Energy is being generated from the three sources such as solar energy, wind energy and piezo electricity and in turn is being generated from the sun light, wind, and...
Topics: Wind Turbines, Piezo Sensors & Arduino Uno
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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To mitigate environmental pollution due to NOx emitted from the exhaust of diesel engines, the automobile manufacturers are adopting a technique called “Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) System” for modern automobiles. The reducing agent NH3 is generated by spraying Urea-Water Solution (UWS). When exhaust temperature is low, the overdosing of UWS is necessary; but it results in deposits of urea and its by-products. The temperature and Reynolds number have significant effects on ammonia...
Topics: SCR, Deposit Formation, Temperature, Flow Rate, XRD
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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In the present paper, a nonlinear dynamic model representing scrub nurse robotic manipulator was developed. The mathematical model considers the different motions of robot arms. The Scrub Nurse Robotic manipulator (SNR) consists of two links, end grabber, moving base connected to stationary base, four revolute joints, speech recognition and image processing systems. The model considers the simultaneous rotational motions of links and joints. The correct distribution of links’ masses helped in...
Topics: Robotic Scrub Nurse Manipulator, Mathematical Model, Torque, Links Angle, Arduino & Fuzzy System
Transstellar Journal Publication & Research Consultancy (TJPRC)
Jun 3, 2020 Transtellar Journal
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This paper introduces a study on multi-objective optimization of powder mixed electric discharge machining (PMEDM) process parameters for processing cylindrically shaped parts. In the study, five parameters, including the pulse current, the server voltage, the pulse on time, the pulse off time, and the powder concentration, were selected for the investigation. Besides, the surface roughness and the electrode wear were chosen as two objectives for the optimization problem. In addition, the...
Topics: PMEDM, Silicon Carbide Powder, Multi-Objective, Cylindrical Shaped Part, Taguchi Method & GRA