for that final battle, alice paul was the head of the national women's party, but alice paul did not come down to tennessee for that final battle. , two reasonseason first, the national women's party was struggling for money and donations at the time. for -- alice paul stayed in washington, d.c. and wanted to raise money and get more donations so she could support the efforts in tennessee. she felt like she could play a role at the fundraiser. the other reason was sue white had been born in tennessee and had roots in tennessee. what alice paul concluded was it would be better to have tennessee women advocating and interfacing with legislators in tennessee rather than outsiders. even carrie chapman catt, very involved in nashville, stayed in her hotel room. she did not interface directly with legislators deciding how to vote on the 90 the amendment. she had her supporters from the national american women's suffrage association who had tennessee ties doing that for her. we talked about elizabeth standen and susan b. anthony, who were pioneers in this and what role do they play? andt: s
but the suffragists, led by alice paul, were the first united states citizens ever to protest in front of the white house. and they started in 1917. at first, woodrow wilson was luke warm at their presence. he might tip his hat at them or politely nod at them when he would exit the north gate of the white house, but things really changed when the you state entered world war i. after the united states was involved in the war effort and the suffragists still remained outside the white house protesting, woodrow wilson grew very angry. and at a certain point in time he ordered from the white house that they be removed. so the d.c. police started arresting women outside of the white house. as it ended up, approximately 168 women were arrested outside the white house for the two years in which they protested and served prison time, either in the d.c. jail or in the workhouse 22 miles south of washington, d.c. >> prison for what? what was the charge? >> it was obstructing traffic. and, of course, they weren't obstructing traffic. they were standing on the sidewalk in front of the white house.
so alice paul actually stayed back in washington, d.c. and wanted to raise money and get more donations so she could support the efforts in tennessee. so she was -- felt like she could play the role as the fundraiser. the other reason was that sue white had been born in tennessee and had roots in tennessee and what alice paul correctly concluded was it would be better to have tennessee women advocating and directly interfacing with legislators down in tennessee rather than outsiders. even carrie catt who was very involved in nashville stayed in her hotel room at the hotel hermitage. she did not interface directly with legislators who were deciding how to vote on the 19th amendment. she had her supporters from the national american women's suffrage association who were actually had tennessee ties doing that for her. >> we talked about elizabeth katy stanton and susan b. anthony both of course who were pioneers in all of this. how old were they at the time? what role did they play? >> yes, unfortunately both susan b. anthony and elizabeth k
alice paul included because there were stars in the damage from that. so it is very much a hard one battle in this country, one that i hold close to my heart and vote every year. i encourage everyone to do so. but we named it again, an active right and justice because when he did turn the tide, that was part of his speech to congress. but i have to tell you, but we started going to archives unidentified where we would go, we had women from our chives turn to us and almost a whisper go, did you know he was a bad guy? and we would just get it kicked out of that because we are trying to show the records. he did turn the tide and it was a speech in congress that helped the effort. >> some of that is on display at the wilson house and we have a photo of that, correct? >> thanks for the call. >> i agree with everything that was. said we have a terrific repository of archives and my former and employer has the most robust collection of manuscripts and prince, that's because a library of congress was friends with the suffragists, and donated the materials to li
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