Jane Goodall was 24 years old in 1960, when she began observing chimpanzees in the wild. She says chimps are our closest living animal relations, their DNA being 99% like ours and many of their behaviors are similar—including family bonding, empathy, altruism, reasoning, and even a rudimentary religious emotion. She closed her talk with a call for humans to extend their hand in sympathy across the species barrier.
In 1987, shortly after this speech was recorded at the Commonwealth Club, Goodall met with international scientists to call for change in the abusive ways primates were captured in the wild and their inhumane conditions of captivity in laboratories. The campaign led to the banning of wild-born primates for laboratory research in the U.S. an Europe, and an amendment to the U.S. Animal Welfare Act, which theoretically, at least requires labs to attend to the psychological well-being of primate subjects. Enforcement of that amendment is still in dispute.