We solve the spectral synthesis problem for exponential systems on an interval. Namely, we prove that any complete and minimal system of exponentials $\{e^{i\lambda_n t}\}$ in $L^2(-a,a)$ is hereditarily complete up to a one-dimensional defect. This means that there is at most one (up to a constant factor) function $f$ which is orthogonal to all the summands in its formal Fourier series $\sum_n (f,\tilde e_n) e^{i\lambda_n t}$, where $\{\tilde e_n\}$ is the system biorthogonal to...

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1112.5551v2

We prove that a positive function on the unit disk admits a harmonic majorant if and only if a certain logarithmic Lipschitz upper envelope of it (relevant because of the Harnack inequality) admits a superharmonic majorant. We discuss the logarithmic Lipschitz regularity of this superharmonic majorant, and show that in general it cannot be better than that of the Poisson kernel. We provide examples to show that mere superharmonicity of the data does not help with the problem of existence of a...

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0304482v2