Skip to main content
Internet Archive's 25th Anniversary Logo

Full text of "Yearbook of the ISNP - 1945"

See other formats







vy ee 7 a a x a 
Address all éorrespondéncé to. 6 2 


Eagla’ Rock - 7 hk 
a oe ot ae 



——_ — $$ ee ee er 

NCNM Library 

A. R. Hedges, N.D. 



(Inc. Not for Profit) 

Office of the President 
343 Lexington Avenue 
New York, N. Y. 

April 19, 1945 

Dr. Arthur Schramm, President 
International Society of 
Naturopathic Physicians 
2270 Colorado Boulevard, 
Los Angeles 41, California 
My dear Doctor Schramm: 

You have shown great initiative and a genuine am- 
bition to bring our profession and the public toward a 
realization of the knowledge they should have for universal 
benefits of health and a rational health system, to cover all 
cases and conditions and which 1s at all times superior to 
the medical methods, which are mostly guesswork and are 
only applied and kept up as a business for the exploitation 
of the public, keeping down competition and domination 
by autocratic means. We must have financial backing be- 
hind us to do this work of liberating America once more 
and put back into the Constitution what the signers of that 
document had in mind for us. 

My best wishes go forth to you, to your work, to 
your organization, and I hope that you will continue to 
labor for true Naturopathy. 

Sincerely and Naturopathically, 


Dr. Lust 

To the Believers in the Efficacy of Herbs the World Over: 

More than fifty years ago, I landed upon these God-given 
shores of America. At that time I was filled with a great deter- 
mination—spurred on by a burning desire—to bring to the peoples 
of this New World the teachings of Father Sebastian Kneipp. 
That determination—that desire—has never left me. In fact, tne 
years that have passed have but increased my ardor and made 
the goal I have set for myself the more alluring. 

Father Kneipp depended upon but three agencies for his 
treatments—first, the Almighty; second, herbs; and third, baths 
or water cure. | 

Very often he used to call us together and say: “The average 
person is very hard to convince, The Nature Cure is much too 
simple for their imagination. So, when a new patient arrives I 
always start in by advising the taking of five juniper berries the 
first day. On the second day I raise the amount to six. On the 
third to seven—and so on, adding one berry each day until the 
total of thirty is reached. Then I reverse the order and take away 
one berry each day until the original five had been reached. The 
effect of these juniper berries on the ailing is so marvelous—so 
miraculous—that the patient then gladly consents to go through 
with the entire treatment of my water-cure without question.” 

Thus did the Reverend Father Kneipp find in the simple herbs 
the suitable introduction to his wonderful treatments. 

In the years that have elapsed since my arrival in America, 
I have found, from exverience, that in the correcting of abnormal 
conditions in the human body, herbs should have a most promi- 
nent place. Herbs are truly Nature’s medicines. When adminis- 
tered skillfully, they can bring lasting results and relieve pain 
almost as quickly as can the dangerous narcotics in the hands 
of a medical doctor. 

As the Father of the Nature Cure in the United States—as 
head of the Naturopathic movement in the Western Hemisphere— 
as the direct representative of the beloved Father Sebastian 
Kneipp, I commend the study of Herbs to anyone who is seeking 
the true foundation of natural healing. 


be: PE Sees RT Loa. eee i eae Anan a aia 


The purpose of this year book Is to preserve for posterity the record of 
the Naturopathic pioneers in California and the contemporary picture of the 
profession, It is sponsored by the Emerson University and the International 
Society of Naturopathic Physicians. It is the aim of this work to particularly 
honor Dr. Carl Schultz, the “Father of Naturopathy in California.” Dr. 
Benedict Lust, the Father of Naturopathy of all America has cooperated in 
every respect by letting us have access to certain items of information that 
would be difficult to obtain elsewhere. 

We also want to honor especially Dr. Arthur Schramm who labored 
hard and long in building up not only Emerson University and its Re- 
search Council, but who strove also to gather all the monumental information 
that goes into even a small work like his. It is hoped that he may be able 
to continue in his leadership and guidance. He has proven a gold mine of 
information in our field and always has been ready to reply to our countless 
personal and professional letters. He is attempting to have at his fingertips 
all and every item of informaticn that might be needed by Naturopathic 
physicians. So far he has shown himself almost encyclopedic. From the humble 
beginning of an informal study group in Botanic Medicine, he has amassed 
a membership international in scope and interests. He has a larger body of 
members than any other naturopathic group of its kind. Its total has grown 
from the original seven: Dr, Arthur Schramm, Dr. John W. Schmitz, Dr. Peter 
N. Spelio, Dr. Harold E. Foster, Dr. Hugh R. Aitchison, Dr. W. J. M. Maxwell, 
Dr. Lyle D. Holland, to about eight hundred specifically listed members, 
practicing not only in the United States, but also in Canada, England, India, 
Australia, New Zealand, etc. The initial aim of this organization was mostly 
in the field of the study of phytotherapy, hence its name “The National 
Association of Naturopathic Herbalists of America’. Now its field is so 
widespread that it has transferred its membership into an international or- 
ganization so that now membership includes over two thousand. 

Another ideal to strive for is the re-education of one another by means 
of such a guide book as this. Not that this book will have great teaching 
value, but it will merely point the way. It will be a guide. It will offer a 
few goals to aim for. Every professional man must learn that he MUST 
LEARN. He must be constantly striving to add to his storehouse of knowledge. 
He must be willing to exchange this knowledge in a scientific manner, and 
in such a way that anyone with a basic training would be able to duplicate 
the efforts of the original investigator. Either you are raising your profession 
and yourself or you are lowering both. You cannot stand still in this regard. 

Still another goal is to try to point the way for all the branches of the 
healing arts to bury the hatchet in some place besides their professional 
brothers’ heads, The many divergent groups of the Allopathic and Naturo- 
pathic professions as well as other branches of the healing arts, should work 
united for their similar goals instead of bickering and nagging one another. 
Both sides want to serve the sick. Both want to prescribe medicine. Both 
see the necessity of surgery. They differ rather in degree of treatment than 
in kind. Drug houses would not go out of business tomorrow if the Naturo- 
paths were the only ones permitted to heal the sick. Indeed many new 
substances with greater earning power for both the doctors and the drug 
houses would result. It is not that socalled drugless practitioners want less 
drugs. They want less of some kinds, like narcotics and poisons, and more, 
much more, of others, such as vitamins and botanical and glandular remedies. 

So, in conclusion, we want to teach you to know your Naturopathy, to 
know your Naturopaths, to have a professional attitude and culture compar- 
able to the great worth of the profession itself, and to have a Naturopathic 
philosophy of life in black and white so that you can refer to it as a guide 
every day. And, like another great contributor toward our enriched history, 
Dr. Frederick W. Collins, would sign himself, 

Vigorously yours for health, 
Peter J. Schneemann, N.D., Ph.D., 
Sec. International Society of Naturopathic Physicians. 

Mount Clemens, Michigan February 14, 1945 



International Society of 


i ea 

Bay ee 


ers 7 aT, 
Sey tet 

i ‘K Cit4 i is 
& a = 

Business Office: 

Eagle Rock 


Or Ere ERs 



. K. Jutta MuRPHY . . . .  ..—) AsSiStant 


First Vice-President 

. Second Vice-President 



Dr. Arthur Schramm 

Dr. Harry Orbell Dr. Richard F. Herzog 
First Vice-President Second Vice-President 

Dr. Peter J. Schneemann Dr. KE. Julia Murphy 
Secretary Assistant Secretary 





Founded 18 May, 1914 

Dr. Carl Schultz 
Father of Naturopathy in 
California, died 1935 

Dr. Arthur Schramm Dr, Robert B. Robinson 
President Vice-President 
Dr, O. M. Richardson Dr. Ellen Schramm 
Secretary Treasurer 

[ 6 } 



Founded | January, 1938 

Dr. J. M. Alexander 

Dr. Geo. G, Chromiak Dr. Malcolm R. Mackintosh 
First Vice-President Second Vice-President 
Dr. Harold E, Foster Dr. K. Julia Murphy 
; Treasurer Secretary 

[7 ] 

.. . speaking 


Now, when I am looking back at the first seven years of our association’s 
activities, | can not help but saying that it has been a wonderful period for 
our ind.vidual members as well as for our association, 

It has been my great pleasure to have joined the National Ass'n of 
Naturopathic Herbalists of America when it was in but swaddling clothes 
and to have witnessed the remarkable growth attained by this body of 
august gentlemen. Membership attainments have been kept within the 
rank of professional standards and we are proud of the caliber of our fellow 

Back of this great achievement in growth from the small beginning of 
seven years ago as the NANHA due credit and praise must be given Dr. 
Arthur Schramm, whose untiring efforts in behalf of botanic medicine in part, 
and naturopathy on the whole, enrolled eight hundred members in the seven 
years he has served as our president of the NANHA. More than 19,000 
pieces of mail were answered by him in that period. With such a grand 
record the doctor now relinquishes the presidency and will hereafter, due to 
his wide knowledge of and acquaintanceship in Naturopathic associations, 
here and abroad, be the president of our reorganized “International Society 
of Naturopathic Physicians’. The ever gracious Dr. Ellen Schramm, wife and 
helpmate of Dr. Arthur Schramm, likewise is fully entitled to the thanks of 
our society for her devotion to our organization's welfare in conjunction with 
her manifold duties as a physician as well as housewife. May our society 
be blessed with more willing workers like the Drs. Schramm, 

So today, fellow members, we have and are proud of our new cog- 
nomen the “International Society of Naturopathic Physicians” an outgrowth 
of our ever growing NANHA, This name was instituted in due respect to 
the wishes of our naturopathic physicians to accomodate their various in- 
terests and activities. Under our broadened title will be sectional groups or 
bureaus to emphasize the interests of our members in their specialties, as 
electrotherapy, physiotherapy, psychotherapy, botanotherapy, etc., each bu- 
reau or subdivision being an allied society. The NANHA will retain its name 
as sectional group of the IS NP. Through this arrangement there can be 
better disseminated the interests of our Naturopathic Physicians who are in- 
terested in special fields of therapeutics. Too, each Naturopathic physician's 
interest can be represented in a more dignified, scientific, and thoroughly 
ethical manner, 

We are blessed with the splendid growth our Emerson University Re- 
search Council puts forth and the creditable work its members are doing. 
Likewise our affiliation with the Academy of Naturopathic Science and Re- 
search affords a testing laboratory for naturopthic devices and: products. We 
are proud of these affiliations and the caliber of their men. 

It is the sincere hope of this writer that the International Society of Na- 
turopathic Physicians will hasten complete unity, promote progress in thera- 
poutics, and that the achievement of our endeavor will be a meritorious ad- 
dition to the glory of modern Naturopathy. 

Naturopathically yours, 
Carroll J. Mather 
ND. D.BeM.,. -PhiG.,  LL:D, 

[ 10 ] 

Dr. Wm. H. Allen Dr. V. J. Sinclair Dr. Joseph Smolski 
President Secretary Vice-President 
81814 South Main Street 
Columbia, Tennessee 
February 7, 1945 

Since its incorporation in 1939 the Academy of Naturopathic Science 
and Research has devoted its time mostly to research and educational 

projects. Its membership was then limited to one hundred. Not until the 
summer of 1944 was it decided to expand. September | of that year a 
membership drive was launched and three months later more than 1000 new 
members were enrolled. This rapid growth still continues. The Academy 

is now the largest Naturopathic organization in the United States. All its 
various departments are expanding correspondingly. The official organ, 
THE NATUROPATHIC REVIEW, issued at regular intervals furnishes com- 
plete details. 

The International Society of Naturopathic Physicians and the Academy 
of Naturopathic Science and Research planned a joint year book. Due to 
the rapid growth as well as lack of office facilities the Academy has been 
unabte to get their material ready for this issue. Moreover, we are greatly 
behind in our correspondence and have been unable to send some three 
hundred new members their membersh:p cards. With increased personnel 
in our various departments th’s bottle neck will rapidly be overcome. 

The International Society of Naturopathic Physicians has set the complete 
cooperation and unity of ail Naturopathic organizations throughout the World 
as its goal. While the Academy works for the consolidation of all naturop- 
athic interests in the United States, in particular, some of the world leaders 
in Naturopathy, founders and officers of various other Naturopathic associa- 
tions, are members and officers of the Academy and are doing their part to 
bring about a complete unity among the Naturopaths. 

Many ind:viduals of the profession even among the Academy and 
International members believe the time is ripe to have this large membership 
go into the poiitical arena of the various states in support of legislation. 
While we favor suitable and adequate legislation, we do not consider it 
expedient to actively take up the cudgels and initiate. legislative programs. 
Our greatest contribution will be to support educational research first. We 
cannot hold our profession up in the bright light of day unless we are edu- 
cated and educators. We are desperately in need of schools, schools sup- 
ported by sufficient hospital facilities for internships and clinical experience. 
Our constant aim must be to get legislation not only to permit us to enter 
hospitals as physicians, but to support such ventures if possible by public 
money, But education and hospitalization facilities come first on our program. 

Only in knowing do we learn to evaluate one another. Therefore for 
cooperation and unity we must have an educational program. Learn, treat, 
teach, Make Naturopathy reach, Only by UNITY can we forge ahead with 

Dr. W. H. Allen, President 



While Priessnitz, Kneipp, Just, Bilz, Kuhne, Hahne, Ehret, Ling, Brandt, 
Orbell, Ricker, Hensel and Lehmann preferred to oppose the dictators of 
orthodoxy in Europe, Lust, Collins, Riley, Lindlahr, Schreiber, Zimmerman, 
Janeway, Leslie, Hotchkiss, Schramm, Allen, to mention a few of these many 
worthy protagonists of Naturopathy, carried the battle to the New World, 
where medical orthodoxy was but too well entrenched. Naturopathy has met 
with signal success in every state of the Union. California rightfully calls 
Dr. Carl Schultz “The Father of Naturopathy in California’, Born in Greifs- 
wald, Germany, December 27th, 1849, Dr. Schultz excelled most of his fellow 
students at the University in chemistry and homeopathy. Later .his interest 
centered in the methods of Bilz and Kneipp. To fully satisfy his desire he 
studied hydrotherapy, massage, electrical modalities, chromotherapy, ortho- 
pedic surgery as well as all branches then known as Nature Cure and 
Naturopathy. He opened his field in Texas and South Carolina, Following 
Horace Greeley's motto he went West. He came here, a pioneer in the new 
art of healing. And so we find him in Los Angeles, Here his “Naturopathic 
Institute and Sanitarium of California’’ met with immediate success. It 
inspired others to such an extent that the majority of drugless practitioners 
of the coastal states became his graduates. He was one of the first Naturo- 
paths to recognize the teachings of Chiropractors and Osteopaths and _ to 
incorporate their methods with his own. About this time the orthodoxy took 
up arms against him and the profession which he was so ably nurturing. 
To him practically alone belongs the credit of putting the foe on the defensive. 
He studied law at night and passed the Bar after three years. He was first 
of all a Physician. He entered the courtroom only in defense of the unfor- 
tunate, especially those prosecuted and persecuted as was his own profession. 
So well did he perform his legal! duties that by 1903 he was acting as council 
before the United States Supreme Court. He countered every orthodox tactic 
and gained ground in his court battles to such an extent that he was able to 
have passed a bill licensing Naturopaths in California on March 19, 1909. The 
regular medical board usurped control of the new naturopathic board and 
refused to issue any more licenses six months after passage of the bill. 

In 1901, Dr. Schultz organized the Association of Naturopathic Physicians 
of California, whose secretary he was for six years, Yet with all these 
activities he was able to keep his office practice and to attend to approxi- 
mately sixty patients a day. Later he became president and held this post 
for eight years, refusing renomination. His organization mutinied, however, 
and re-elected him secretary. Dr. Schulta obtained a charter for the "Cali- 
fornia University of Liberal Physicians’ in 1914, He organized this school 
and as owner and president ran it conjointly with his Naturopathic Institute 
of California. A research group was organized under the sponsorship of Dr. 
Schultz and the University. It functioned spasmodically until Dr. Schramm 
revived it to full vigor in 1932 with the aid of Dr. Curtis Hollinger, Meanwhile 
the University flourished in increasing repute and Dr. Schultz’ private 
practice added so much to his burdened time that by 1928 he turned over 
both the university and his practice to Dr. Olson. For various unforseen 
circumstances Dr. Olson had to withdraw after about two years and 1931 
found Dr. Schultz back in practice and head of his school. Although greatly 
aided by Dr. Schramm, he at last decided to sell to Dr. Hollinger in 1934 and 
Dr. Schramm continued with the school, when Dr. Hollinger bought the 
charter. On May 5th, 1935 Dr. Schultz passed away. 

Funeral services were held at the place of interment, Inglewood 
Cemetery. Dr. Arthur Schramm, Master of the Masonic Lodge “Acacia” of 
which Dr. Schultz was a member, conducted the service according to Masonic 
Ritual. He summed up the great service Dr. Schultz had rendered to humanity 
and remarked that the niche he held could not be fittingly filled in many a 
year to come. 


Dr. M. T. Campanella Dr. Carl Eric Hotchkiss 


The profession of Naturopathy is indebted to Dr. Mario T. Campanella 
for his latest contribution to the literature in that field, the “Naturopathic 
Review” official organ of the American Academy of Naturopathic. Here 
the aim is embodied and the clarion call is sounded for all naturopathic 
doctors to unite, for all minor groups to get together and form a solid front 
for the mutual benefit of the profession in every state of the Union, It is 
hoped that this little bud in Naturopathy will blossom forth into something 
more than all the other efforts have done. Real scientific literature is nec- 
essary in our branch of the healing arts. So far it does not exist. Every 
writer tells what he has done for a patient suffering from a speaific ailment 
then fails to outline the specific steps necessary in treating the condition. 
Until we can learn to write so that others can duplicate every step of our 
procedure as to diagnosis, prescription of means of treatment, action sought, 
contra indications for such treatment, length of treatment, etc., we are utter 
failures as a scientific profession and just quacks. 

Dr. Campanella, with his rich background of European medical ortho- 
dox training at the Royal University of Turin, appreciates the scientific value 
of proper procedure in writing and discussion and will bend every effort 
in this way to accomplish these broad aims. 

Dr. Campanella is very active. He is a Fellow of the Calcutta Homeo- 
pathic Medical Board, the Royal Homeopathic Society, the Hahnemann 
Association, the Research Council of Emerson University, and numerous 
others. He also holds degrees in Medicine, Surgery, Naturopathy, Osteo- 
pathy, Chiropractic, Physical Medicine, Philosophy, etc. It is hoped his 
efforts in publishing and the reorganization of his small Lucem College into 
a larger university will result in success, : 


Dr, Carl Eric Hotchkiss is a worthy successor to the line of fathers of 
Naturopathy in Cclifornia. Like Dr. Carl Schullz, he is striving to place an 
equitable law on the books for California. In the last legislature he suc- 
ceeded in getting passed a Naturopathic bill in the state Senate by a large 
majority; it, however, failed in the Assembly. 

Dr. Hotchkiss is a graduate of the California College of Natural Healing 
Arts, the Los Angeles College of Chiropathic and Naturopathy, the Ameri- 
can University, the College of Naturopathic Physicians and Surgeons. He 
is licensed in Utah and California. Formerly he was editor of “The Naturo- 
pathic Physician’. He has been a very active member for and in the 
Naturopathic Physicians Association of California. He has been president 
for the past decade. He has served in the army medical corps in World War | 
and has been in active practice since that time. 

Among the organizations to which he belongs are: The U. S. Naturo- 
pathic Association, the American Naturopathic Association, the National 
Association of Naturopathic Herbalists of America, the United Practitioners 
Association of Australia, the Utah State Society of Naturopathic Physicians 
and Surgeons, the International Society of Naturopathic Physicians. 



We are fortunate to have as advisor Dr. Peter J. Schneemann, whose 
background in education is a worthwhile adjunct to our research work. His 
aid as former editor and publisher of school and college newspapers, has 
proven almost indispensable as we are about to go to press, He has gratui- 
tously offered his time for this laborious task, 

Dr. Schneemann is little known in the West. He majored in New 
Jersey in English and philosophy and minored in classics for his A. B, at 
Seton Hall College, South Orange, After studying theology and majoring 
also in education and guidance and personnel work, he received his M. A. 
at the same institution. He attended courses at both Rutgers and Columbia 
Universities and rece.ved his Ph. D. from the Lucem College of Sciences 
in education and administration. He taught high school at St. Benedict's 
Preparatory School, Newark, N. J. for four years and later received his A, 5S. 
degree in physical therapy from the Junior College of Physical Therapy, 
New Haven, Conn., where he taught and assisted in clinic during the school 
year. Dr. Schneemann also completed his work in physical therapy, chiro- 
practic, and naturopathy with Dr. Fred’k W. Collins, famous New Jersey 
drugless physician. Moreover, he studied at the Nashville College of Na- 
turopathic Medicine as well as at the Tennessee College of Medicine and 
Surgery. He passed the Connecticut State Board of Physical Therapy Ex- 
aminers, the Tennessee Board of Naturopathic Examiners and the Nevada 
State Board of Chiropractic Examiners. 

Since coming to California, Dr, Schneeman has been doing research 
work with us. He is also teaching post graduate courses at the College ol 
Drugless Healing. His work has quickly been recognized and at the 1945 
election of officers for the International Society of Naturopathic Physicians. 
he was elected secretary. He is now engaged in this capacity with us and 
has promised us every aid in research and teaching in Emerson University 
and its Research Council, os well as in the National Ass‘n of Naturopathic 
Herbalists of America, 

Dr. Schneemann has written articles on philosophy and on _ physical 
therapy. A few of his verses, serious and humerous, appeared in various 
journals and newspapers. His pr.vate library contains more than a _ thous- 
and volumes on general subjects, as well as medical books. His travels in 
Furope, Canada, Mexico, the Carribean, and most of the states of this 
country have enabled him to write quite a few interesting anecdotes. 

I have met but very few persons who have willingly devoted their 
spare time to educational and research work as has Dr. Schneemann, I! 
fully appreciate his efforts and w:sh to express the gratitude in the name 
of the officers of Emerson University Research Council and myself. 

Dr. Arthur Schramm 



Dr. Benedict Lust 
“Father of Naturopathy in the United States” 

Every person interested in natural living should know Dr. Benedict Lust. 
His reticence will not permit him to give much information concerning himself. 
In “Who's Who in America’ he is classified as a Physician and an Editor 
And here is what we gathered from bits of information from many of his 
friends who know him intimately: 

February 3, 1872 marks the date of this protagonist of Naturopathy. Dr. 
Lust's father was Johannes Lust, Louisa Rieger his mother. He was born at 
Michelbach near Gaggenau, Baden, Germany, 

It is of great interest to know that Dr. Lust followed the course of many 
great Nauropaths, namely finding his way to health after much pain and 
suffering, by means of natural processes and treatment. It was the great 
Father Sebastian Kneipp who restored him soundness of mind and body. He 
was commissioned by the priest to bring the Kneipp Cure to America. Dr. 
Lusi was not limited or narrow in his outlook; he studied all natural methods 
and visited many health institutions. He correlated all ideas and cures to 
form Naturopathy, to which he contributed his own ideas as well, He was 
not sat’sfied to limit the scope of his activity to private practice. He extended 
his discoveries to other practitioners and through them to everyone. 

In addition to being the Father of Naturopathy in the United States Dr. 
lust is also the Father of the schools of that science: “The American School 
of Naturopathy” and the “American School of Chiropractic.” He is the 
originator of the Hcalth Food Stores and the founder of the first national 
magazine for naturopaths: the “Naturopath and Herald of Health,’ and 
“Natures Path’. Other magazines in foreign tongues were published by him 
and soon his books came to be known all over the world. 

Meanwhile, Dr. Lust was matriculated and graduated from many ex- 
cellent schools. In 1898 he graduated from the Universal Osteopathic College 
of New York. He received his medical edication at the New York Homeo- 
pathic Medical College in 1902 and the Eclectic Medical degree in 1913. 
Numerous other honors and degrees were bestowed upon. him. 

Dr. Lust came to this country in 1892, a youth of twenty and became a 
citizen in 1897. He started to practice Naturopathy and founded the American 

Naturopathic Association, whose president he still is. In 1921, at the 25th 
Jubilee the association honored him by making him its presidént for life. He 
has been and is still quite active in several clubs and societies of a non- 

professional nature, among them the Steuben Society, Democratic and Cath- 
olic Clubs and Athletic Clubs. 

Dr. Lust’s literary contributions include “The Crime of Vaccination,” 191]; 
“Universal Naturopathic Encyclopaedia," 1918; “Zonetherapy,” 1928; “Naturo- 
pathic Treatment,” 1931; “Phytotherapy,” “The Biological Blood Wash,” 
“Herbs and Their Uses,” “The Hot Water Cure,’ “Vitalism Series,’ etc. Not 
satisfied with all these activities, Dr. Lust organized and operated two healtn 
institutions and resorts, one at Butler, New Jersey, in the most beautiful part 
of the Ramapo Mountains with all the charms of forest and stream. Light- 
air cottages are provided for living outdoors during the summer months. 
Through the two parks, one for women, and one for men, flows a mountain 
stream where the guests could have their share of sun, light, and air health 
baths. Earth and clay packs are used and fasting, vegetable and fruit diets 
are advocated. A large, well equipped physical culture open air gymnasium 
is also featured. Almost identical conditions were featured at Yungborn, 

[15 J 

Tangerine, Florida, an all-year round nealth resort on beautiful Lake Ola. 
Both ventures met with success at their very beginning. Numerous men and 
women attribute their health to visiting these popular spots regularly. Many 
a Naturopath perfected himself, post graduating under tne genial guidance 
of the great “Father of Naturopathy of the United States.’ Dr. Lust is a 
member of the “National Association of Naturopathic Herbalists of America,” 
and a Fellow of the Emerson University Research Council.” He is a life 
member of the “International Society of Naturopathic Physicians.” He holds 
several degrees from the institutions formerly headed by Dr, Carl Schultz, 
from the “Naturopathic Institute of California” and the “California University 
of Liberal Physicians,” now “Emerson University.” 

Until a couple of years ago Dr, Lust emanated health and virility, Then 
a fire occurred at Tangerine in which he suffered severe injuries, following 
which he was incapacitated for some time. Even though he has not recov- 
ered his full vitality, he never relinquished his place as the foremost fighter 
for Naturopathy in America. Let us hope that he will be in our midst for 
many a year to come and to continue to be a shining example for the coming 
generation of geniune doctors of naturopathy. 

HIPPOCRATES (460 B.C.—357 B.C.) 
Most celebrated physician of antiquity; known as the “Father of Modern 
Medicine’; formulated the Hippocrate Oath and admonished: “Let Foods 
Be Your Medicine And Your Medicine Your Food". 


Founder, first water cure system; discoveries resulted from keen observa- 
tion of animals in their natural surroundings; applied same measures to 
own injuries with success, then to those of neighbors. At the age of 26, 
built and established first water cure at Graefenberg in Austrian Silesia; 
success was meteoric; work became so well known throughout world that 
a letter from an inquirer in United States reached him bearing the simple 
address, “‘Vincenz Priessnitz, Europe’’ and reposes in the Museum at 

RICKLI, ARNOLD (Born Feb. 13, 1823, died 1926) 
Born at Veldes-Krdinola, Austria, Founder of the light and air cures, 
which he called the Atmospheric Cure. In 1848 established first institu- 
tion for light and air cure at Veldes-Krainola. He said, “Water is good, 
Air is better, but Light is the best of all”. 

Outstanding exponent of therapy of tasting, 

Originator, “No Breakfast Plan’ of treatment and living; successfully lec- 
tured here and abroad; lectures incorporated in a book, “New Science 
of Living”. 

MACFADDEN, BERNARR (born Aug. 14, 1868) 
Originator of “PHYSCULTOPATHY”, a complete system of treatment. He 
is the founder and editor of Physica] Culture magazine, which first 
appeared in 1899, 

An exvonent of Nature Cure by practical experience; a tireless investiga- 
tor; for many years editor of the Health Culture magazine, He is one of 
the two remaining physicians who championed the move to make Dr. 
Benedict Lust life president, when efforts were made to split the ranks at 
the Hotel Commodore in 1921. The vote was carried unanimously, 

SCHROTH, JOHANN (Feb. 11, 1798-Mar. 26, 1856) 
The theory of warm moisture; also the idea of dry diet and fasting cure 
which became the foundation of the Schroth Cure 

[ 16 } 


When one walks in on Dr, Frederick W. Collins at his office one would 
hardly suspect that he has so many talents and facets of knowledge, Even 
though something electric emanating from his person may tell you what to 
expect. One would judge him to be rather a man of fifty, while he is past 
seventy. The last two decades had very little effect on his appearance, but 
none on his energy nor on his vitality. Now, as ever, he continues to fight 
for the right of his profession, as well as for his own. 

A great number of honors have been bestowed upon Dr. Collins. Al- 
though a licensed physician, an M.D., he is the country’s outstanding ‘pro- 
tagonist for drugless methods and is rightfully termed “Consulting Natur- 
opathic Physicians of America,” as many orthodox doctors seek his advice in 
stubborn cases. He has letters from all over the world from members of 
our profession seeking consultation either in person or by mail. He, like Dr. 
Carl Schultz of California, has the happy faculty of abstracting all that is 
good in Naturopathy, Osteopathy and Chiropractic. He attended the found- 
ers’ schools in these three fields, Lust's, Still's, and Palmer's, believing in 
the fountain heads as the true scource of knowledge. From his knowl- 
edge thus obtained, he formulated courses of study in his combind schools. 

Dr. Collins is the president of the FIRST NATIONAL UNIVERSITY of 
NATUROPATHY and Allied Sciences. It embraces a combination of the 
New Jersey College of Osteopathy, the United States School of Naturopathy, 
the Mecca College of Chiropractic, and the U. S. School of Physiotherapy. 
Under the sponsorship of the United States Government more than four 
thousand World War No. } veterans graduated from this University, 

Dr. Collins has been recognized as the leading authority on Iridiag- 
nosis, Several thousand copies of his book on that subject have so far been 
sold. He is a graduate of the Philadelphia College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, the New Jersey College of Osteopathy, the Philadelphia College of 
Osteopathy, Palmer School of Chiropractic, the American School of Natur- 
opathy, the MacFadden School of Physicultopathy and many other institu- 
tions of learning. He is a life member of the Philadelphia Osteopathic 
Hospital, president of the American Academy of Medicine and Surgery for 
the study of the destructive value of drugs, serums and vaccines. He is 
a member of the Allied Medical Association of America, Vice-President of 
the American Naturopathic Ass'n, President of the American Drugless Hos- 
pital Ass’n, of the American Naturopathic Ass’n of New Jersey, of the White 
Cross Society for First Aid to the Injured and of the American Academy of 
Chiropractic Research. He is secretary of the National Ass'n of Drugless 
Practitioners of the United States of America, a Fellow of Emerson Univer- 
sity Research Council, an Honorary Member of the Lucem Institute and 
society of Sciences, an Alumni Member of the Lucem College of Sciences. 
He also holds membership in the International Society of Naturopathic 
Physicians, National Ass'n of Naturopathic Herbalists of America, Australia, 
Great Britain and other countries. He holds active and honorary member- 
ships in many other professional associations, too numerous to mention at 
this time. Dr. Collins is the publisher of “Mental Radionics” and of the 
famous “Universal Naturopathic Tonic Treatment.” He is the author of 
“Iridiagnosis by Observation of the Eye” as well as “The Naturopathic 
Method of Reducing Dislocations” and many books on Psychic phenomena 
and natural healing methods, etc., etc, 

Dr. Collins was the first physician in America to establish a Free clinic 
for Infantile Paralysis, and has conducted a free drugless clinic since 1910 
treating children. He was twice a candidate for the Assembly of New Jer- 
sey on the Anti-Medical Trust Federation ticket, and was once a candidate 
for President of the United States of America, He holds the title of Doc- 
tor of Indian Philosophy and that of Indian Medicine. His most famous 
contribution to Naturopathy is his “Harmony Diet’. More than 850,000 


copies have been distributed, and another 50,000 are now ready to go on 

sale. It is based on educational! items in such a manner that the patient 
can easily select his own food. Dr. Collins states his belief in vegetarian- 

ism with modification, in the April issue of 1943 of the American Vegetarian. 
He eats meat once a week and fish on Fridays. He is seventy-two years 
young and has bested medicos in forty-one court battles. 

All too often Dr. Collins, because of his virility and fighting spirit has 

been called to defend {or battle for) his colleagues of the Drugless Profes- 
sion. His famous fight for the Osteopaths of New Jersey is a case in point. 
In 1913 an osteopathic amendment was passed in that state granting grad- 
uates of recognized schools the right to be licensed, providing that they had 

practiced one year prior to the act. Graduates of the New Jersey College 

of Osteopathy were adjudged ineligible because some of the rival schools 
considered their training inadequate and too closely resembling chiroprac- 

tic in theory and technique. After the loss of much time, money, and office 
practice, Dr. Collings succeeded in getting licenses for everybody but him- 
self. This seemed almost persecution. At last he too, succeeded in win- 
ning his own case on his merits, witnesses attested to many valuable 
cures at his hands and the coveted license was granted. 

Born at Stephensreid near Ottobeuren. As a weak young man trying to 
help himself, came upon “Hahn's Water Doctor’, one of the first treatise | 
on the subject of Water Cure. Father Kneipp followed out the same prog- | 
ressive development at Preissnitz from treatment of self to friends and . 
finally those he served as priest. Kneipp developed his system along his | 
own lines, entirely independent of any other system. He wrote a number | 
of books, which appeared in every language; established the Kneipp Cure | 
at Woerishofen which still operates today. Doctor Lust studied under him 
in 1891. Kneipp and Priessnitz water cures are keystones of Naturopathy. 

Mid-Eighteenth Century physician. Wrote a system of Water Cure known | 
s “Enforced Water Cure”. This laid foundation for reviving the therapy. | 
It has never been shown that Hahn influenced Priessnitz, who followed his ; 
own observations | 

LINDLAHR, HENRY, M.D., N.D., (1853-1925) 
Formulated a complete philosophy of natural methods known as “Philosophy 
of Naturopathy.”” Propounded such truth and principles as “The primary 
cause of germ activity is in the morbid soil in which bacteria feed, grow - 
and mutliply.” 

Bechamp discovered process of fermentation. Discoverer of smallest ccc 
of life, which he called Microzyma (minute ferment bodies). Microzyma! 
theory of disease refutes the commonly accepted germ theory of disease. | 
Microzymian theory proves the very foundation on which Naturopathy rests. | 
It proves the unity of disease as expounded by Louis Kuhne; and his unity 
of basic treatment as propounded by Adolph Just. 

PARACELUS (1493-1541) 
Famed Swiss physician and naturalist. First to advance theory that life's | 
processes are chemical. His motto was “Natura Artis Magistra” (Nature is: 
the Teacher of Science). 

Propounded startling doctrine of “Similia similibus curantur” in Germany | 
in 1780; greatest contributor to our therapy; his book: “Cure of All Diseases." | 
His book, “Friend of Health’ was one of the first efforts in preventative , 
medicine, more truly natural living. 

ABRAM, ALBERT, M.D. (Born 1864) 
Born in San Francisco, California, Pioneer investigator of electronic therapy. | 

{18 ] 



ae = 

KUHNE, LOUIS (Died 1907) 

Practiced in Leipsig, Germany. A born natural physician. Found way 
into work through own ailments, In 1864 attended congress of natural 
healers for help. There met healer Meltzer. Four years later he came into 
contact with Theodore Hahn of Waid. Formulated theory of Unity of 
Disease. Kuhne claimed: “Disease is the presence of foreign matter in the 
body.” His book, ‘Neo-Naturopathy" is truly the Naturopathic pathology 
of disease. He declared, “Cleanliness only heals.” 

JUST, ADOLPH (Died 1939) 
Author of “Return to Nature.” Reduced Nature Cure to its utter simplicity. 
He evolved the idea of moist heat. Among truths he expounded are: “Na- 
ture does not err.” “All nature doctors must regard it as their ideal aim to 
develop the people to the point where each will be his own physician.” 
Just was first to advance theory that “Acute diseases are most favorable 
healing crisis and should be greeted with joy.” 

STILL, ANDREW (Born August, 1828) 
Born in Lee County, Virginia, Founder of Osteopathy. He declared: “The 
backbone is the bone of all bones in the control of disease.” 

America's first Food Scientist and paved the way for men like Hay, Jack- 
son, etc. Founder of the Corrective Eating Society of America, Inc. 

Magnetopath and Masseur of Mid-nineteenth Century. Originator of Chiro- 
practice, founder of the greatest Chiropractic College, Davenport, Iowa. 
Announced Chiropractic in 1895, 

The first man of the medical profession in America to recognize the value 
of diet in the handling of cancer patients. Organized and founded N. Y. 
Skin and Cancer Hospital. Treated many patients successfully. Rejected 
by the A.M.A. and finally driven from the Society and from the hospital, 

Physician to the former king of England. Consulting Surgeon at Guy's 
Hospital, London. Broke away from the British Medical Association in 1925 
when it frowned at his ideas for educating the public in health. Organized 
the New Health Society same year and took 1500 doctors with him. Pro- 
pounded theory of avitaminosis as a cause of cancer; wrote a number of 
books, his last, “New Health to Every Man.” 

BILZ, F. E. (1843-1903) 
Popularized Water Cure and coordinated systems. Author of Bilz Books, 
a standard encyclopedia of Nature Cure. : 

TILDEN, JOHN, M.D, (1852-1942) 
Propounded theory of auto-intoxication or toxemia. Author of many 
books, the most widely read, “Toxemia’’ and "The Pocket Dietitian.” 

wREENE, CORDELIA, M.D. (1831-1905) 
One of the first women physicians in the United States; propounder of the 
simple, natural life, sensible habits of dress, child rearing. She believed 
the only indestructible force in our Universe is Mind; and emphasized the 
great power of Air, 


Late nineteenth and early twentieth century propounder of the doctrine of 
Autology, a simple system of living. 


Mid-nineteenth century physician. Rejected medicine and propounded doc- 
trine of non-treatment of disease, allowing nature to do all work. Eminently 


ADLER, ALFRED, M.D. (1881-1937) 
Contemporary of Sigmund Freud; originator of Individual Psychology based 
on natural law. Individual Psychology is so far in advance of anything 
else that has been taught, that it has suffered from lack of general use. 
Adler believed that Individual Psychology could be as well taught by non- 
medical men as by physicians; in fact, he preferred the former. 

Ostracized from Medical College in Germany, finished College in Switzer- 
land, Wrote first real articles on Nature Cure, Natural Hygiene, 1891. 
Originated vegetable extracts, and soy bean and almond milk. 

Viennese physician, called Father of Modern Hydrotherapy. 

R. T. TRALL, M. D. 
In ‘sixties, was granted charter in New York to run Hydropathic College, 
and granted M. D. degrees. Wrote Hydropathic Encyclopedia, | 

President of the Brayurvedic Naturopathic Ass'n. of Malaya is a native of 
Magelang, Java, D.EJ. He is well known throughout the world for his 
unceasing activities to bring Naturopathy to the fore in his country. In ad- 
dition to his native tongue he speaks Dutch, English, German, French, Chi- 
nese and Latin. He is a 33rd degree Mason, Master of the lodge “Academia 
Masonica”’ in Tasigmalaya and a member of the Rosecurcian Order. He 
also has a membership in the International Society of Naturopathic Physi- 
cians, the Emerson University Research Council, the Nationa! Ass'n. of Na- 
furopathic Herbalists of America, of Australia and of Great Britain. More- 
over, his name is on the membership lst of the American Naturopathic 
Ass'n. and in those of other countries. He graduated from several American 
and foreign colleges of Naturopathy, Osteopathy and Botanic Medicine. 

Chief Executive, The Indian Ass’n of 

[ 20 } 


Dr. W. H,. Allen first came into national prominence when elected 
president of the Academy of Naturopathic Science and Research, The career 
which prefaced his presidency was marked by such accomplishments as 
research in glandular products, the invention of many improvements and 
devices in electronics, te say noth:ng of being a lecturer and author of some 
note. He holds the degrees of Bachelor of Science, Doctor of Chiropractic, 
and Doctor of Naturopathy and is licensed in both in several states. 

During the past few years, Dr. Allen has devoted a large portion of 
his time to research in electro-cellular activity. The Allen Theory of Electro- 
cellular Stasis was first mentioned to the profession in articles in naturo- 
pathic magazines and at a lecture at the Albuquerque General College of 
Healing Arts several years ago. 

During the intervening years, he further enlarged on his theory and 
brought it within the realm of facts by a lecture and demonstration given 
with the latest laboratory equipment before a group of prominent doctors and 
students at The Southern California College of Chiropractic in 1943. 
Not being satisfied with proving his theory and being hounded by that 
persistent question, Why?, he continued his research until he is now ready 
to offer to the profession his findings with a solution to the problem of how 
to overcome the physical abnormalities that develop when due to electro- 
cellular stasis, or unbalanced physiology, as explained by the Allen Theory 
of Electro-cellular Stasis. Unless war conditions interfere, this discovery 
will be disclosed to the profesion during the June Refresher Course at the 
Nashville College of Naturopathic Medicine. 

Along with ithe research made in electronics, Dr, Allen has delved 
deeply into the art of Bloodless Surgery. In collaboration with other mem- 
bers of the Research Department of the Academy of Naturopathic Science 
and Research, he has perfected Conservative Bloodless Surgery. 

This method differs from the technique of most other men in this field 
such as Dr. James F. McGinnis, under whom he originally studied, in that 
it takes into consideration qther factors beside the detachment of an adhe- 
sion by the use of the fingers. He is a member of the Drugless and Blood- 
less Manipulative Surgeons of America. 

Dr. Allen’s first article on the human body, disease, and health, which 
was later to become his profession, was entitled “Care of the Eyes”, 
published in Physical Culture magazine when he was but 14 years of age. 
This has been followed by numerous articles in both the healing arts and 
electronic field, which culminated with his publishing the book “Life, Health 
and Horse Sense’, second edition of which is now being compiled. He has 
in the process of preparaticn, a text book on electro-therapy, entirely dif- 
ferent from the usual efforts along this line. Doctors who have been per- 
sonally acquainted with him and his work are looking forward with eager- 
ness to the publishing of this book, which, like many other things, may 
have to be delayed for the duration, 

In addition to purely technical articles, Dr. Allen has wnhitten quite 
extensively on Indian lore und is well gualified to do so having lived among 
the Indians of the South West for aq number of years and is known to them 
as Dr. Bill. Watching the Indian medicine man at work and comparing the 
results with those obtained by the most accomplished of recently graduated 
physicians has enabled him to compile a list of very effective measures to 
add to our armamentum. 

This association with the Indians inevitably leads to the hobby of accum- 
ulating Indian relics and products, of which he has a sizeable collection. 
Some of his personal experiences, while on swapping trips in the wildest 
sections of the Southwest, read like western thrillers. 

[ 21 } 

Dr, Allen’s experience in the electronics field has come as a_ natural 
sequence to his hobby, amateur radio. He is one of the oldest licensed 
radio operators in the United States and is a member of the unbroken 
continuity 25 years year license club of the American Radio Relay League. 
He has communicated with all foreign countries and all the states in the 
United States. 

In addition to his amateur radio activities, he is a licensed commercial 
operator and has used his ability in this line to work his way through 
college, not having been born with a silver spoon in his mouth. 

In 1944, when the Academy decided to expand, he was the logical 
choice to lead the drive. As evidence that this choice was correct, the 
Academy is now the largest Naturopathic organization in the United States, 
having accepted into membersh’p more doctors in a shorter period of time 
than any other previous effort made in behalf of our profession. 

In addition to his tireless, dynamic, driving ability, he has the happy 
faculty of choosing the right man for the right place at the right time. This 
contributes no smal! amount to the unusual success the Academy is now 

Dr. Allen's experience in the Naturopathic field covers two periods 
of private practice, plus the management of a naturopathic clinic and hos- 
pital. The fact that he is a good sound Naturopath, is attested to by the 
favorable reports coming from Columbia, Tennessee, where he is engaged 
in general practice. 

President, Emerson University 

[ 22 ] 


By Henry: Krause, N.D., D.Sc., D.D., LL. D. 

The history of Naturopathy in Europe goes back at least to the year 400 
B. C.. Earliest records have not been preserved. The Greek Hippocrates, 
known as “the father of medicine”, was a Naturopathic Physician. In one of 
his books he says: “Nature is the healer of all diseases. The symptoms of 
disease are partly symptoms of defense, partly symptoms of failure.” An- 
other great Naturopath of antiquity was the German Paracelsus (von 
Hohenheim, 1493-1541). He treated the predominance of the whole over the 
individual parts. “Healing is only made possible through the intelligent 
co-operaion of all inward defense forces.” 

In America, the native Indians have been practicing certain branches 
of Naturopathy since time immemorial, ages before the advent of Natural 
Therapy in Europe. It is said that the ancient Mayas and Incas had de- 
veloped the science and practice of healing by Natural methods to the 
highest degree at a time when Europe was still inhabited by cave dwellers. 
The earliest physicians were the priests. It is well known that the first 
white settlers of America found the native Indians practicing herbalism and 
other methods of natural healing. The Indian, a close observer and wor- 
shipper of nature since the days of the Mayas, was expert in herbalism and, 
up to this day, still is. It was from the Indians that the white settlers in 
pioneer days learned the curative value of certain herbs and other methods 
of healing. 

Certainly the curative value of hot and cold water, steam and sunbaths, 
massage, herbs, diet, etc. was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans as 
well as to the ancient Indians in North and South America, except for the 
placating of the Gods. they were then the only curative means known to 
the world. 

Modern nature cure movement seems to have started about 100 years 
ago, when Vincent Priessnitz founded a healing establishment on his father’s 
homestead in Grafenberg, Silesia, in the year 1829. He was a man of acute 
observation, Although Priessnitz relied almost entirely upon the extraor- 
dinary remedial qualities of cold water, which is only one of the many 
therapeutic agents employed by the Naturopathic Physician of today, his 
success was nevertheless phenomenal. Like many other pioneers, he had 
to suffer considerable opposition, this proved to be one of his best adver- 
tisements. Priessnitz had rediscovered the “Law of Crises.” He is remem- 
bered as ‘the father of Hydro-Therapy.” 

Through the centuries the adherents to the principles of Naturopathy 
gained steadily in numbers and influence. Let us mention just a few of the 
recent leaders: Arnold Rikli of Switzerland demonstrated already in 1885 
the value of sun-light-air baths; Ragnar Berg made extensive contributions 
in vegetarian diet and Dr. Finsen in carbon ultra-violet treatment; Emile 
Coue in psycho-therapy. We also must honor such early natruopathic 
practitioners as Sebastian Kneipp, Kuhn, Bilz and Dr. Arthur Brenable of 
former days of Germany. 

In America out of the long list of distinguished contributors to Naturo- 
pathy we must mention, above all: Drs. Lust, Lahn and Lindlahr as the 
pioneers of Naturopathy in this country. Others are: Dr. H. Kellogg, founder 
of the Battle Creek Sanitarium; B. McFadden of physical culture fame; A. T. 
Still, founder of osteopathy; D, D. Palmer, founder of Chiropractic, and the 
writer's old-time friend Dr C. H. Bennett. founder of the first college in this 
country, giving a complete course in all branches of electro-therapy and 
helio-therapy, making electro-therapy a recognized branch of the healing 
art. Satisfying as this may be to its pioneers it is not sufficient to do justice 

[ 23 } 

to a so valuable drugless therapy. 

The science of Naturopathy was brought to this country from Europe by 
Dr. Benedict Lust prior to 1900. He is credited with being the first publisher 
of a naturopathic (monthly) magazine in America, the first one printed in 
two languages (1903). The writer remembers only too weil his first contri- 
bution to Dr. Lust’s “Naturopath”, about 1905, entitled “Deficiency of calcium 
phosphate in baby teeth”. Dr. Lust is the founder of the first Naturopathic 
College in this country teaching all branches of Natural Therapeutics; he is 
the founder of the American Naturopathic Association, publisher of numer- 
ous books and pamphlets on Nature Cure; the first one who imported Naturo- 
pathic Herbs and books from Europe; the first owner of a Health Food store 
in this country, operated according to the principles of Naturopathy; and he 
is the first who opened a Naturopah’c Sanitarium in New Jersey, and later in 
Florida. He is indeed “the Father of Naturopathy in the U. S. A.” 

Another of the pioneers who had studied and taught Naturopathy in 
Europe and brought his knowledge and experience to this country, was Dr. 
Henry ‘Lahn, a graduate of the old National Medical University of Chicago 
and a post-graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons. About 1905 
he became the founder of the “Cosmos Institute and Sanitarium" and “the 
Cosmos Publishing Co.”" on N. Clark Street, opposite the Lincoln Park, in 
Chicago. Dr. Lahn is the Author of the first book ever written and published 
in America dealing with all the details of Tridology, with an appendix of 
Kneipp’s Water Cure and Vegetarian-fruit diet, which came off the press in 
two languages about 1906, printed by the Columbia Printing Co., then lo- 
cated on N. Halsted street, Chicago. He was an outstanding authority on 
European Naturopathic Literature, a great teacher and thinker. It was in 
those early days that the writer was Dr. Lahn's student, assistant and 
contident, and spent many never-to-be-forgotten hours in his hospitable 
company. Ridicule, slander, and defamation soon followed the publica- 
tion of his book. One day he received a (fraud?) order issued by the U. S. 
Post Office Department to show cause why his book, duly copyrighted, 
should not be banned from the use of the U. S. mails! Undisturbed, in his 
kind and smiling way, he explained to the “authorities” that Iridology, 
vegetarian diet and water cure like all other non-allopathic metheds in his 
native Austria were considered to be a science, and no fraud, A collection 
of books published on these subjects more than a generation ago in several! 
European countries, including Sweden, Austria, Germany, Hungary and 
Switzerland, was his prima-facie evidence. He also proved that the charts, 
drawings and pictures in his books were actually the records of health, ill 
health, accidents and results of allopathic treatment as shown in the iris of 
the eye of some of his patients, their cases he had diagnosed by Iridiagno- 
sis and cured by naturopathic methods. His two allopathic-medical diplo- 
mas and his medical license granted by the State of Illinois did the rest in 
proving he was no “‘quack.’’ Those were the days! 

In course of time Dr, Lahn became almost blind, a pitiful case of opthal- 
mic goitre; he died in a hospital in Chicago, at the prime of his life, remem- 

bered by only a few. 

The third of the pioneers was Dr. Henry Lindlahr, also a graduate of 
the old National Medical University, on N. Wells street, Chicago, black- 
listed by the A. M, A., and well known to the writer. He took up research 
work in co-operation with Dr. Lahn back in 1904. After Dr. Lahn‘s untimely 
death, Dr. Lindlahr became the outstanding authority in Iridiagnosis in this 
country, the founder of the first Naturopathic College (on Ashland Blvd.) in 
Chicago, recognized by the State of Illinois; publisher of numerous books 
and booklets; a great teacher and lecturer; he became the owner of the 
largest private Naturopathic Sanitarium (Hindsdale) in Chicagoland and 
one of the founders of the International Iridology Research Society, Dr. 

[ 24 ] 

Lindlahr died at the height of his professional career, it was said, from the 
elfects of an anaesthetic administered at the hospital in Chicago during a 
minor foot operation. 

From the countless students who came to study the teachings of tnose 
three pioneers, arose such men as Dr. F. W. Collins, the fearless fighter for 
tne cause of Naturopathy in New Jersey and founder of the First National 
University of Naturopathy and Allied Sciences. Almost a quarter of a cen- 
tury has passed since the day the writer received his diploma from one of 
Dr. Collins’ Institutions. We are still corresponding. 

Those three Doctors Lust, Lahn and Lindlanr are, no doubt, the pioneers 
and first advocates of Naturopathy in U. S. A. They brought Naturopathy 
to this country and through their life-long studies, research, energy and good 
will laid the foundation of the science, philosophy and practice of Naturo- 
pathy in this country. Their students, co-workers and friends made 
Naturopathy what it is today: a recognized school of healing arts all over 
the world, 

President, California Universtiy of 
Liberal Physicians, 1934-36 

[ 25 } 

2270 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles 41, California 

During the year 1937 a group of Naturopathic Physicians formed a 
class in botanic medicine. Ths was at the Los Angeles College of Chiro- 
practic and Naturopathy. After finishing their course, the members thought 
it advisable to form a permanent organization in which others of the pro- 
fession, interested in botanic medicine, could associate and combine in their 

research work. 

We entered into correspondence with Dr. Harry Orbell, the secretary 
of the National Association of Medical Herbalists of Great Britain, with offices 
at 17 North St., Barking, Essex. The doctor assisted in every respect. 
Moreover, he sent all forms and books used by his organization for our 
guidance. On January 19, 1938, the following doctors decided to form an 
organization along similar lines as the British one, with the difference that 
since our work was not a part of “Medicine” as formally understood, tne 
title selected for our organization was ‘National Association of Naturopathic 
Herbalists of America’ rather than Medical Herbalists. From among the 
first members, Dr. Arthur Schramm was elected president; Dr, John W. 
Schmitz, vice president; Dr. Peter N. Spelio, secretary; and Dr. Harold E. 
Foster, treasurer. Dr, Hugh R, Aitchison, Dr. W. J. M. Maxwell, and Dr. 
Lyle D. Holland were co-founders. The constitutions and by-laws provided 
for the admission of a limited number of non-local members, deemed 
worthy exponents of our research work. 

From the most sanguine hopes of possibly a compact body of close to 
a hundred eventual members, our group was expanded internationally to 
more than eight hundred. As the members of the “National Association of 
Naturopathic Herbalists of America’’ expanded into international fields, it 
became necessary to admit affiliated groups in the various countries. With 
the increase in numbers the interests and the scope of their study expanded 
into all branches of the healing arts, It became increasingly evident that 
something new and different must take place. New names were suggested, 
but founder-members were reluctant to lose their identity as herbalists, 
therefore the old name was retained. Then the members voted to be 
adopted by the “International Society of Naturopathic Physicians” and their 
very membership as of one group ipso facto makes them members of the 
other, Membership cards and active study privileges are accorded those who 
volunteer to donate two dollars or more for clerical and printing expenses. 
Five dollars more should accompany all applications for membership. 

It is interesting to note that each member has a complete historical 
folder of himself in the files of the Society's archives. The educational insti- 
tutions and background as well as professional activity is noted together 
with the name, address and photo of each one. 

Members are urged to correspond with co-members in foreign countries. 
Considerable valuable information can thus be obtained. 

Publications such as the “Naturopath” contain many contributions of 
our members and reports of our meetings. “Health from Herbs” published 
by the “National Association of Medical Herbalists of Great Britain’’ and 
“The Herbal Practitioner” by the same organization, are interesting maga- 
zines. Many of our members in the British Isles find their printed voice in 
these pages released from their Barking, Essex, England address of 17 North 

Members are urged to send in scientific papers to be read at our 
research meetings held in conjunction with Emerson University Research 
Council and other affiliates. Material should be presented in such a way 
that modes of treatment can be followed and imitated exactly for each step 

[ 26 ] 

of the treatment. We shall try to formulate case histories with data as to 
diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of disease as found in average cases 
presented by our members. The more individual cases are sent in as 
examples, with definite figures of time of treatment and stage of disease 
noted, the better will be our work for naturopathy and posterity. The time 
is NOW to translate that membership paper on your wall to an active 
participation in a work that will benefit all mankind, Where we lack the 
clinical experience of large hospitals, our individual cases can add up to a 
grand total of better statistical data on Naturopathic medical procedures 
far beyond those existing in any system to this day. 

It is your duty. Do your part for this great work. 

The officers of the National Association of Naturopathic Herbalists of 
America for 1945 are: 

President Dr. James M. Alexander 
Vice President Dr. George G, Chromiak 
Secretary Dr. K. Julia Murphy 
Treasurer Dr. Harold E. Foster 

The “International Society of Naturopathic Physicians” lists the follow- 
ing officers for 1945: 

President Dr, Arthur Schramm 
1. Vice President Dr. Harry Orbell 
2. Vice President Dr. Richard F. Herzog 
Secretary Dr. Peter J. Schneemann 
Treasurer Dr. Harold E, Foster 

The executive council will consist of these officers of the International 
body and of five additional members of the Los Angeles area who can meet 
as an advisory board. One member from each affiliated association shall 
also be on the Board. 

Concluding we would like to recall the many profitable hours spent 
together by our study and research groups. Frequent visits have been made 
to hospitals, schools and laboratories, where even members of the orthodoxy 
have been our hosts. Our field trips remain most clearly in our memory. 
The great outdoors was our classroom, Mother Nature our teacher. The 
flora and fauna of the mountains were our blackboard. Here we gathered 
and learned or reviewed our knowledge of fresh herbs. Especially remem- 
bered is the annual visit to Santa Ana Canyon, the home of Dr. D, Lewis 
Allen, Last July he welcomed here ninety two members and guests. 


Article I 
The name of this association shall be International Society of Naturo- 
pathic Physicians, located in the city of Los Angeles and County of Los 

Angeles, State of California, 

Article II 
The purposes of this association shall be: 

(1) To study and educate its Fellows and Members in the scientific appli- 
cation of Naturopathic Medicine to the healing of the human body. 

(2) To create a fraternal attitude between its Fellows and Members, promote 
the spirit of cooperation and render advisory assistance to each other 
in drugless methods of healing. 

(3) To do any and all things that will advance and perpetuate the science 
of Naturopathy, cooperating in this purpose with all Naturopathic 
Physicians Associations. | 

[ 27 ] 

(4) To promote ethical and honorable practice of drugless healing and 

assist in educating the public to the advantages of same. 
Article IT 
Membership shall be divided into three classes as follows: 

(1) Fellowship shall be limited to charter members of this association who 
are persons having Doctor of Naturopathy degrees from legally char- 
tered schools or colleges and only those thereafter who have been 
active members for a period of one year or more and who, after having 
made some outstanding contribution to the association, are recommend- 
ed and receive the unanimous vote of the Fellows for this honor. 

(2) Active membership shall be limited to persons holding Doctor of Naturo- 
pathy (N.D.) degrees from legally chartered schools or colleges, 

(3) Honorary Membership shall be limited to persons of outstanding pos- 
itions or achievement in the field of Naturopathy and is bestowed 
only after consideration of a recommendation for same and a favorable 
unanimous vote of the Fellows and Members present at any regular 
meeting of the Society. 

(4) Only members qualifying under section 1 and 2 of this article shall 
have a vote or hold office in this association. 

Article III 

Application for membership shall be made on the standard forms 
furnished by the Society and must be accompanied by $7.00 application 
fee. A majority vote of the Fellows and Members present at any regular 
meeting of the Society shall constitute a decision on the amnplicant; if re- 
jected the fee will be returned, 

Article IV 
Officers and their duties 

There shall be a President, Two Vice Presidents, Secretary, and Treas- 
urer who shall be elected annually from the fellowship or active membership 
of the association by a majority vote of the Fellows and Members, These 
Officers shall conduct the business of this association in the manner usual 
to the various office. 

Article V 

(1) Regular meetings shall be held the first and third Thursdays of 
each month. Special meetings or a change of meeting days may be made 
by a majority vote at any regular meeting and a notice to that effect 
shall be sent to the members by the secretary of the society. 

(2) Voting on any business pertaining to the Society may be done only 
at a regular meeting, notice of which has been sent to the Fellows and 
Members. . 

(3) Fellows and Active Members may vote in person or by written proxy. 

(4) A member may be voted out of the Society for failure to pay dues, 
for violating his application agreement, or unbecoming conduct after he has 
been given an opportunity to be heard by a committee appointed for this 
purpose by the president. 

(5) The amount of dues may be changed as advisable by a vote at any 
regular meeting. 

(6) Any member not paying dues and having had no contact with the 
association for a period of six months shall automatically be dropped from 

(7) Absence of members when dues are collected causes member to be 
in arrears and back dues must be made up. 

(8) A record of dues collected must be kept by the secretary. 

(9) Society moneys may be spent only for current operating expenses by 
approval of the officers, A record must be kept of said expenditures. Any 
other expenditures must be voted on by Fellows and Members. 

[ 28 ] 

a a a ee 



A charter was granted by the Secretary of State of Californig on May 
18, 1914, to Dr. Carl Schultz, “Father of Naturopathy in California’ for the 
“California University of Liberal Physicians”. The university has graduated 
many prominent naturopaths and has always held a high standard of edu- 
cational requirements for graduation. During the year 1934, shortly before 
the death of Dr, Carl Schultz, the charter was sold to Dr, Curtis Hollinger 
who was also president of the Chiropractic College of America (now Cali- 
fornia College of Natural Healing Arts) at Los Angeles. Dr, Hollinger con- 
ducted classes in the same building with the Chiropractic College of Amer- 
ica, along broad naturopathic lines. Internship was offered to students at 
the Alta Vista Hospital, an institution with 96 beds conducted by Dr. Edw. 
E. Shook at 3860 Eagle Street, Los Angeles 33, California. Dr. Arthur 
Schramm, who was also associated with Dr. Carl Schultz at the Naturopathic 
Institute and Sanitarium of California, was an active co-worker of Dr. Hol- 
linger in the furtherance of naturopathic research and education, and it 
was he who revived the activities of the Physicians’ Research Council of 
the University after it had been inactive for several years. In June 1936 the 
charter was taken over by Dr. Clarence William Tyndall, M.D., N.D., who 
changed the name of the institution to “Emerson University” and broaden- 
ed the scope of its activities to other fields of arts and sciences. However, 
under the able assistance of Dr. Schramm a naturopathic department was 
maintained at the Emerson University and a standard course of 4500 (fifty 
minute) hours in a four year course was being taught up to January 1944, 
when Dr. Tyndall was called away on War Department duties. The Univer- 
sity is recognized by the State Boards of Naturopathic Examiners of Arizona, 
Utah, South Carolina, Tennessee and of other states. 

The Research Council of Emerson University has become very active 
during the last ten years and has established contact with similar research 
organizations. The business of the Council is now conducted from 2270 
Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles 41, California. The purpose of the Research 
Council of Emerson University was at the beginning, to gather vital infor- 
mation of various sorts that is of interest to all persons interested in: Natural 
Methods of Healing. Physicians submitted any item such as peculiar or unus- 
ual cases of diseases, anomalies and abnormalities encountered, changes in 
state laws, proposed changes etc. In consequence a large reference library 
of tabulated data was set up. Members lent books from their personal library 
or let their personal library be indexed with as many of their books as they 
were willing to place on call of the Council’s Library. As a result many 
books were made available that otherwise would never be at the disposal 
of the members. Frequently members would not lend books but would per- 
mit their books to be listed as available for reference at their office, in con- 
sequence enabling a stenographer to copy the data for a small fee for a 
physician in far off places like Australia. These services are still maintained. 
Dr. Clarence E. Romer is responsible for the success of this library. 

Friends of the University will be glad to know what powers are granted 
under its charter. They are clearly stated in our records and substantiated 
by the following copy of the Articles of Incorporation: 

[ 29 } 

of the 


That we, the undersigned, a majority of whom are citizens and residents | 

of the State of California, have this day voluntarily associated ourselves to- 
gether for the purpose of forming a corporation under the laws of the State 
of California; and we hereby certify 

FIRST: That the name of the corporation shall be the CALIFORNIA UNI- 

SECOND: That the purposes for which it is formed are the following: 

To establish and conduct a college of learning, for the purpose of teach- 
ing the art of healing and other sciences. 

To prescribe courses of study, and to issue certificates conferring degrees 
of proficiency and literary honors. 

To affiliate with other institutions of learning. 

To establish and conduct a training school for nurses and masseurs, and 
in connection therewith to issue certificates conferring degrees of proficiency. 

To establish and conduct clinics. 

To do anything and everything necessary to properly conduct a college 
of learning according to the provisions of Sections 649, 650 and 651 of the 
Civil Code of the State of Califrnia. 

To receive and hold, by purchase, gift, device, bequest or grant, real or 

personal property for educational purposes, connected with the corporation, | 

or for the benefit of the institution. 
To buy and sell medicines, herbs, remedies, books, instruments and other 
articles necessary, valuable or helpful to students, the sick and others. 


el et 

a Z 

THIRD: The place where the college is to be conducted is in the City | 

of Los Angeles, County of Los Angeles, State of California. 

FOURTH: That the number of trustees of said corporation shall be elev- | 

en (11), and they shall hold the office of trustee for the terms set opposite 

their respective names. That upon the expiration of the said full term of 
each of said trustee, the term of his successor as trustee shall be five (5) 

That the following are the names and residences of the trustees appoint- 
ed to serve for the term set opposite their respective names, and to serve as 

such trustee until their successors are duly elected and qualified: 

Carl Schultz — Five (5) years Los Angeles, California 
Herbert E. Bartlett Five (5) years Glendale, California 
August Greth Four (4) years Los Angeles, California 
Frank L. Willson Four (4) years Los Angeles, California 
Henry Gross Three (3) years Los Angeles, California 
Elmer A, Clarke Three (3) years Los Angeles, California 
Harrison Albright Two (2) years Los Angeles, California 
John J. Abramson Two (2) years Los Angeles, California 
E. F. Hahn One (1) year Los Angeles, California 
Geo. H. S. Dryden One (1) year San Francisco, California 
Ellen Schultz One (1) year Los Angeles, California 

FIFTH: That this Corporation is not organized for profit, and it has no 
capital stock. 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we have hereunto set our hands this 23rd day 
of April, 1914. 

Carl Schultz Harrison Albright 
Herbert E. Bartlett John |. Abramson 
August Greth E. F. Hahn 

Frank L, Willson Geo. H. S. Dryden 
Henry Gross Ellen Schultz 

Elmer A, Clarke 
[ 30] 

ES EL SR A eo a 
. = 


On this 30th day of April, 1914, before me Benj. W. Hahn, a Notary 
Public in and for said county, residing therein, duly commissioned and 
sworn, personally appeared Carl Schultz, Herbert E. Bartlett, August Greth, 
Frank L. Willson, Henry Gross, Elmer A. Clarke, Harrison Albright, John J. 
Abramson, E. F. Hahn, Geo. H. S. Dryden and Ellen Schultz, known to me 
to be the persons whose names are subscribed to the within instrument 
and acknowledged to me that they executed the same, 

WITNESS my hand and seal. 

Benj. W. Hahn 
(Notarial Notary Public in and for said 
Seal) County of Los Angeles, 

State of California 
7} ; 
No. 17272 
I, H. J. Lelande, County Clerk and ex-officio Clerk of the Superior Court, 
do hereby certify the foregoing to be a full, true and correct copy of the 
orignal Articles of Incorporation of California University of Liberal Physi- 
cians on file in my office, and that I have carefully compared the same 
with the original. 
IN WITNESS WHEREOTF, I have hereunto set my hand 
and atfixed the seal of the Superior Court this ]5th 
day of May 1914. 
H. J. LELANDE, County Clerk 
By W. C. Watson, Deputy Clerk 
In the Office of the Secretary of State 
May 13, 1914 
Frank ©. Jordan, Secretary of State 
By Frank H, Casey, Deputy 
No Capital Stock, Exempt. 
Inc. under Sec. 649, c.c. 
No term required to be stated 
Recorded in Book 306 at page 484 
Carl Schultz 
908 Chamber of Commerce Building 
Los Angeles, California 
Department of State 
Corporation Number 76965 


C. W. Tyndall and H. E. Ewing hereby certify: 

1. That they are the President and Secretary, respectively of the Califor- 
nia University of Liberal Phsyicians, a California Corporation, 

2. That the Corporation has a Board of Trustees, the members of which 
act in the capacity of directors. That at a special meeting of the Board of 
Trustees, held at 9:00 o'clock P.M. on the 29th day of July, 1936, at 1709 West 
Eighth Street, Los Angeles, California, at which meeting all the trustees were 
present, the following resolution was adopted by the vote of all the trustees. 

[ 3] } 


“RESOLVED that paragraph First of the Articles of Incorporation of the 

California University of Liberal Physicians be amended to read as follows: 

‘That the name of the Corporation shall be Emerson University’: 

4. That eleven members voted in favor of the foregoing resolution. That 
the total number of members entitled to vote on amendments of the charac- 
ter herein involved is eleven, each of whom is entitled to one vote and no 

} SS. 

C. W. Tyndall and H. E, Ewing, being first duly sworn, each for himself 
and not for the other, deposes and says: 

That C. W. Tyndall is the President of the California University of Liberal 
Physicians, a California corporaton, and H. E. Ewing is the Secretary of said 
corporation; that he has read the foregoing certificate and knows the contents 
thereof, and that the same is true of his own knowledge. 

C. W. Tyndall 
H. E. Ewing 
Hortense Campbell 
Notary Public in and for the 
County and State aforesaid 
My Commission Expires October 17, 1938. 
(SEAL) | 
In the Office of the Secretary of State 
Nov, 4, 1936 
Frank C, Jordan 
Secretary of Stafe 
By (signature), Deputy 
Corporation Number 76965 

In contrast with the lack of cooperative spirit of the widow of Dr. Carl 
Schultz refusing us to have access to the files of the early years of the Uni- 
versity, Dr. Carl's former wife, Dr. Ellen Schultz was an ideal, we all admire 
and cherish. She brought a wealth of British dignity from her beloved home 
England, that inspired us. Her nobility of character and intellect shone like 
a beacon and accompanied her husband into the deep channels of educa- 
tion. Together they imparted their ideals and aims to other leaders min- 
istering to their fellowmen in the healing arts. Owing to the uncoopera- 
tive spirit of the widow of Dr. Carl Schultz, who refused to release earlier 
files of Emerson University, the records of that institution, files of former 
members of th: school, faculty and students, are incomplete. Confusion 
is further added because many students who attended classes with the uni- 
versity group were not necessarily enrolled as members of that school. Dr. 
Schultz owned two charters, that of Emerson University, then called “Cali- 
fornia University of Liberal Physicians’’ and the other one of the ‘Naturo- 
pathic Institute of California’. Instructors in one school were ex-officio 
members of the teaching faculty of the other. Without access to the records 
it cannot be determined what students were enrolled in the one _ institu- 
tion or the other. Therefore, the list submitted for publication is as accu- 
rate as incomplete records warrant, and corrections or additions will be 
more than welcome. If you are an alumnus or if you know of an alum- 
nus whose name is not listed, please send us this information. 

[ 32 } 

more. | 

President of the California | 

University of Liberal Physicians 


Secretary of California University | 

of Liberal Physicians | 

(SEAL) | 

ae = 

The following doctors are on the list of the Univerity’s alumni: 

Abramson, John J. Draser, Andrew Neu-Schultz, Duane 
Abt, William L. Dryden, Geo. H. §S. Paxton, Howard R. 
Ahlers, Karl L. Embree, J. S. Richardson, O. M. 
Albright, Harrison Evans, Wm. Y. Robinson, Robert B. 
Baker, Wiley E. Floden, George Romer, Clarence E. 
Bartlett, Geo, N. Fransson, H. R. C. Rookledge, Ed. 
Bartlett, Herbert E. Goettler, Margaret Saunders, Keith 
Billings, Wm. J, M. Greth, August Schmidt, Emil 
Birdie, F. C. Gross, Henry Schmitt, Norman 
Borland, A. O. Hahn, E. F, Schramm, Arthur 
Borland, J. H. Hall, Wm, F. Schramm, Ellen 
Borland, Roy A. Herzog, Richard F. Schultz, Carl 
Bowen, Arthur M. Hollinger, Curtis Schultz, Ellen 
Brunings, Bilton Hollinger, Julia C. Spearing, Herman A. 
Bray, W. C. Jeriam, Christy Spelio, Peter N. 
Bussell, D. F. Jones, Waldo H. Steves, Sidney E. 
Cale, Charles A. Juin, Dr. Molli Stokes, Fredrick D. 
Carroll, Daniel W. Knowles; Dr. D. Summers, Roy H. 
Chromiak, Geo. G. Latta, Lavere H. Taylor, Frank W. 
Chromiak, Olga A. Lewis, Roy T. Terry, Jack V. 
Chroniak, Raymond A. Lunde, Charles Tyndall, C. W. 
Clarke, Elmer A. Lust, Benedict Tyner, Vesta Lee 
Collins, Fred’k W., Mackintosh, Malcolm R.Walker, Harry F. 
Crouch, Wm. T. Mather, Carroll J. Willson, Frank L. 
Dawson, W. C. McDonald, James E. Warkentin, Jack 
Denny, L. L. McKibben, David M. Wellhoefer, Paula 
Denny, Myrtle McLaughlin, D. E, Zimmerman, Hangs 
Doelker, G. A. Miller, John T. 

Many of the alumni will remember some of the past professors: 

Bailey, Wm., Chemistry 

Birdie, F. C., Hydrotherapy and Therapeutic Gymnastics | 

Bowen, Arthur M., Jurisprudence 

Cale, Charles A., Diagnesis 

Goettler, Margaret, Dietetics 

Hollinger, Curtis, Second President and Administration 

Hollinger, Julia C., Obstetrics 

Miller, John T., Anatomy and Physiology 

Robinson, Robert B., Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat 

Schramm, Arthur, Naturopathic Medicine 

Schramm, Ellen, Ethics of Nursing 

Schmitt, Norman, Podopraxis 

Schultz, Carl, Founder and First President 

Spelio, Peter N., Biochemistry 

Tyndall, C. W., President and Current Administrator 

Emerson University Research Council welcomes into affiliation and co- 
operation the research councils of the following: 

American School of Naturopathy 

First National University of Naturopathy 

Villamor University of Manila 

British and Australian Institute of Naturopathy 

College of Botanic Medicine, London 

Central University of Canada 

Lincoln College of Naturopathic Physicians and Surgeons 

National College of Canada 

Lucem College of Sciences 

Academy of Naturopathic Science and Research 

Other Research organizations are solicited to exchange their views 
and to affiliate with us, 

[ 33 ] 



. Frank Abbate 

_ Wm. Leon Abt 

. Donald D. Adams 

. Wolf Adler 

. Karl Ahlers 

. Hugh R. Aitchison 
_ Fred Carl Albrecht 
James M. Alexander 
. A. S. Allard 

Arthur J. Allard 

_ Wm. D. Allen 

_ Virginia J. Allen 
Wm. H. Allen 

. Rulen C. Allred 

. Joseph J. Almacey 
. Manuel Alvarez 

Juan Amon-Wilkins 

. Ingel Leo Anderson 
_ Frank Armbruster 

. Allan C. Armfield 

_ Emery de Babony 

. Lena E. Baker 

. Wiley E. Baker 

. Wililam Z, Baker 

. George N. Bartlett 

. Amos R. Beamon 

_ Joseph J. Beck 

. Fred W. Becker 

. George G, Benson 

. Abdul W. Bey 

. Wm. J. M. Billings 

_ Will Baldwin Bishop 
. Gentry L. Blackburn 
_ Wm. V. Blackburn 

. Joseph A. Blakeslee 

. Floyd D. Bliss 

. Julius Boandl 

_jJ. A. Henry Bodewein 
_ Richard le Bon 

. H, K. Bonaparte 

_K. Stanley Booth 

. Arthur M. Bowen 
. Edwin W. Box 
 S.N. Bredlie 

_ John B. Brehm 

. Marguerite Brown 

. Marie M. Brown 

. Bilton Brunings 

. Richard D. Buhlman 
. Oak Kurt Burger 

_ Evelyn Burkholder 

_ Nicolas W. Burney 
_ Wm. J. Burns 

. Clarence Guy Burt 

Peter J. Busker 

+Dr. Charles Cale 


Ralph Caliguiri 
Charles Camlot 


_ John E. Clark 

_ Warren F. Clark 

. Estell Clason 

. Dalton J. Cleland 

. John S. Clubine 

. Abraham Cohan 

. Eugene B. Collins 

Fred W. Collins 

. Woodfin Gano Compere 
. John Robert Conaty 

_ John S. Connet 

. Laura L. Cook 

. Francis M, Cooke 

. Antonio da Costa 

. Nephi Cottam 

_ Frank W. Coulter 

. Emma Ellen Cox 

. Wm. T. Crouch 

. Manuel A, Cuevas 

. W. L. Cutter 

._ Eugene J, Czukor 

. George A. Dahlen 
Glen A. Dale 

. Marion S. Dantzler 

. Waldo C. Darnell 

. James A. Davis 

_ Wallace H. Dawson 

. Albert C. Delwarte 

- Thomas Deschauer 

. Wm. J. Devine 

. Charles N, Dewey 

. Frank F. Dickens 

_ Gus A. Doelker 

. Mary A. Donahue 

. John W. Donovan 

. Andrew Draser 

_ John Dreier 

. Leslie R. Drown 

. John H. Durnil 

_ Marie M. Durrand 

[ 34 ] 


Mario T. Campanella 
Ora Carew 

Ralph H, Carlin 
Martin J. Carr 

Roy E. Carr 

Daniel W. Carroll 
Kathleen W. Cassie 
Rupert Cavanagh 
Leon Chambers 

B. R. Chandler 

John E. Chatterton 
Beda Maximilianus Chee 
George G. Chromiak 
Olga A. Chromiak 
Raymond A. Chroniak 
L. H. Church 

Alice B. Clark 

J. R. Clark 

A TG aS hart i 


. Lawrence F, Echar 

. Frank G. Ekroth 

. Ruth A. Emick 

_ Clarence G, Eschman 
. Enaya N. Farrow 

. John A, Federici 

. W. R. Fields 

. William Finnie 

. George Floden 

. James W. Forrester 

. Harry B. Francis 

_ Raymond V. Fraher 
. Herman R. C. Fransson 
. Mary Frederiksen 

. Vilhem Frederiksen 

_ Carl S. Frischkorn 

. Elias Gamze 

. Bernard Ginzig 

. Lawrence J, Giubbini 
. Louis Giroux 

. Howard Glaesner 

. Edward M. Gold 

. Oskar Goldberg 

. Maurice Goldsmith 

— Richard Gollhofer 

. Keith E. Good 

. Harry L. Goodman 

_ John W. Grant 

Dr. Peter J. G. Grazeola 
+Dr. Millard L, Green 
Dr, Sidney D, Greenleigh 
Dr. Charles H. Greenwell 
Dr. Porter J, Greenwell 
Dr. James R. Griffitts 

Dr. Carl G. Gustafson 
Dr. Gustvos J. Gustafson 
Dr. Mary E. Hall 

. P. F, Hausmann 

. Geo, T. Hays 

. Jack M. Heath 

. Joseph H. Heister 

_ Lionel E. Helder 

_ John A. Henderson 

. William Henning 

. Mauro Hernandez Mesa 
. Richard F, Herzog 

. Henry G. Higley 
Gear De Ay] 

. Ruby L. Hoffman 

_ Lyle Day Holland 

. Curtis Hollinger 

. Julia C, Hollinger 

. August A. Hollos 

. Arthur Preston Hughes 
_ Alvin C, Hunt 

. Florence C, Hunt 

_ Fred W. Huppke 

_ Fred F. Hyde 


[ 35 ] 

J. French Jacks 
Willard G. Jacks 
Earl A. James 
Donald L. Janeway 
Bernard Jensen 

A. C. Johnson 
Denton C. Johnson 
Grace H, Johnson 
Iba Johnson 

Edgar Gerald Jones 
Helen H. Jones 
Waldo H. Jones . 
Molli Juin 

W. Robert Keashen 
Arthur Keawe 
Florence Keller 
Joseph J. H. Kelsch 
J. C, Keys 

Eric H. Kirk 

Henry J. Kleefisch 
Ewald von Kleist 
James T. Killeen 
Arno R, Koegler 
Ruth I. Koelliker 
Anton Kraak 
Heinrich Krause 
George Kravcisin 
Lavere H. Latta 
Wm. A. Lathrop 
Royal A. Leslie 

Roy T, Lewis 
Robert I, Lipzen 
Arnold M. Lovaas 
John Lovranich 
Robert Lowe 
Charles Lunde 
Carl E. Lunn 
Benedict Lust 
Leonard Mabray 
Archie W. Macfie 
James G. Mackey 
Malcolm R. Mackintosh 
Henry E. Mallett 
Wm. H. Malone 
Pamelia C, Mann 
Charles P. Mansfield 
Walter H. Mansfield 
Stanley R. Martin 
Carroll J. Mather 
W. J. M. Maxwell 
Floyd B, McCall 
James W. McCann 
John C. McCoy 
Ethel L. McDonald 
Byron f[. McIntire 
Marguerite M. McKee 
David M. McKibbin 
Daphne E. McLaughlin 
Wm. K. McLoughlin 







7 Dr: 


Reuben L. McMaster 

Vincent Messina 

David W. Miles 
Bessie J. Miller 

George H. Miller 
Felix D. Miraflor 
Joseph L, Molle 
Alfonso Mandragon-Almazan 
Gabriel Montenegro 
Leo E. Montenegro 
Samuel P. Morrell 
Della Moser 

Aloysius Moy 

E. Jeannettee Moynier 

_ Otto J. Mueller 

Edward F. Murphy 
Katherine J. Murphy 
Frank C. Mussler 

. Peter S, Nagel 

Michio M. Nakadate 
Max D. Nemetz 

Warren Z. Newton 

Duane Neu-Schultz 
Mordelai Nezah 

_ Nota W. Nichols 

Edward J, O’Connor 
Charles O'Hara 
Albert Orbell 

Harry Orbell 
William C. Owens 
Delbert U. Parish 

Simon G. Pascoe 

Stanley P. Pascoe 
Howard R. Paxton 
Frank N. Pellegrino 

L. D. Perkins 

Julius A, Petchick 
Hilman W. Peterson 
Richard T. Phillips 
Marcel R. Pitet 
Thomas A. Pitts 

Leland G. Pixler 

Louis E, Polhemus 
Wm. Propp 

Joseph P. Puetz 
Demosthenos S. Qually 
Miguel G. Ramirez 
Chief Joseph Red Horse 

 Orcella Rexford 

John Ricciuti 

Bessie E. Riggs 

Ralph De Witt Ringer 

Ora M. Richardson 
Lawrence O. Risem 

George L, Robinson 

Robert B. Robinson 

P, J. Rogers 

Fred'k G. Roberts 

Francisco Rodriguez Toriello 

[ 36 J 

Dr. Clarence E, Romer 
Dr. Frank E. Ronald 

Dr. Ed. P. Rookledge 
Dr. Leslie von Rosenberg 
Dr. Alfredo M. Saavedra 
Dr. Helen K, Sadler 

Dr. Barnabas Sa-Huihushu 
Dr. Seizo Sakamoto 

Dr. Theresa M. Schippel 
Dr. Henry Schlichting 
Dr. Emil Schmidt 

Dr. Norman Schmitt 

Dr. John W. Schmitz 
Dr. P. J, Schneemann 
Dr. J. A. Schnick 

Dr. Wm. H. Schoenike 
Dr. Frank X, Schram 
Dr. Arthur Schramm 

Dr. Ellen Schramm 

Dr. August Schreiber 
Dr. Walter O. Schroeder 
+Dr. Carl Schultz 

+Dr. Ellen Schultz 

Dr. Arthur C. Scranton 
Dr. Jacob J. Serin 

Dr. J. Mortimer Sheppard 
Dr. Elmer B. Shipley 

Dr. Wilbur G. Shockley 
Dr. Edward E, Shook 
Dr. J. Clark Short 

Dr. Marie B. Slee 

Dr. Elmo L, Silcox 

Dr. Marguerite F. Simpson 
Dr. Harold E. Smith 

Dr. Lucille Smith 

Dr. Joseph Smolski 

Dr Peter N. Spelio 

Dr. Herman A. Spearing 
Dr. Ralph W. Staats 

Dr. Ruth I. Stalons 

+Dr. Lillian P. Stanley 
Dr. Louis Steckler 

Dr. John A. Stevenson 
Dr. Hannah P, Stewart 
Dr. Samuel F, Stewart 
Dr. Fred D. Stokes 

Dr. Charles B. Stone 

Dr. Charles E. Stone 

Dr. Edith D, Stout 

Dr. Glenn O. Stout 

Dr. Bert W. Stratton 

Dr. Warren Strunk 

Dr. Percy A. Sufficool 
Dr. Rov H. Summers 
Dr. Ananda Mohan Sur 
Dr. Elwin C. Sutphin 

Dr. Wm. S. Swank 

Dr. George E. Swenson 
Dr. Lily E. Swenson 

a aoe 

. George Dewey Swick 
_G, W. Swift 

. Rowena Swift 

_ Aloysius G. Tasaka 
. Max V. Tauscher 

. Hugh M. Teeizel 

. James H. Tengan 

_ John E, Thomas 

. Albert J. Thut 
Edward S. Toy 

. Joseph Tuliglowicz 

. Floyd W. Turpen 

. Clarence W. Tyndall 
_ Cadwell J. Tyner 

. Vesta L. Tyner 

. Oliver F. Urbani 

. Agatha I. Vickery 
. Fred G, Wagner 

Federico H. Wagner 

. Cecil V. Wainwright 
. Fred H, Walker 
. Harry F. Walker 

Norman W. Walker 

. E. James Walton 
. Orrin K. Ward 

_ Harold O. Ware 

. Jack H. Warkentin 

. Harriette E. Weir 

. Ralph R. Weiss 

. Paula M. Wellhoefer 
. Merlin E. Wells 

_ Paul Wendel 

. Jesse P. Whann . 

. Joseph Wiebelhaus , 

Marie Anna Wiebelhaus 

_ Ruth A. Wieland 

Finis G. Wilhite 

_ Roy T. Wilkerson 

Pearl G. Willis 

. John Wilson 

. Woodrow E. Wilson 
. Rudolph A, Winson 
. Franklin J. Wirth 

. Doo Kee Won 
John Xinos 

. Peter Yatchyshyn 

_ John R. Yemm 

. Frank E. Zeller 

. Ernest E, Zimmerman 
. Hans Zimmermann 

Ph.M Ist Class, U. S. Navy