Skip to main content

Full text of "Official report of the proceedings and debates of the ... general conference of the United Brethren in Christ"

See other formats


THE  LIBRARY 

of 
VICTORIA  UNIVERSITY 

Toronto 


Official  Report  of  the  Proceed 
ings  and  Debates  of  the 


Twenty-Fourth  General 
Conference 


of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ,  held  in 
Topeka,  Kansas,  May  11-22,  1905 


CHARLES  J.  HALL,  Official  Reporter 


Dayton,  Ohio 

United  Brethren  Publishing  House 
1905 


r-\ 


BIMANl/R 


PROCEEDINGS    OF  THE 

Twenty-Fourth  General  Conference 

of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ 


FIRST  DAY'S  SESSION. 

THURSDAY,  May  11,  1905. 

THE  Twenty-Fourth  Quadrennial  Session  of  the  General  Confer 
ence  of  the  Church  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ  convened  in  the 
Hall  of  Representatives,  State  Capitol  Building,  Topeka,  Kansas,  at 
2:  00  P.  M. 

Bishops  N.  Castle,  D.  D.,  E.  B.  Kephart,  D.  D.,  LL.  D.,  J.  S.  Mills, 
D.  D.,  Ph.  D.,  and  G.  M.  Mat-hews,  D.  D.,  occupied  seats  on  the  plat 
form  as  the  presiding  officers  of  the  Conference. 

Bishop  N.  Castle,  D.  D.,  Senior  Bishop  of  the  Church,  called  the 
Conference  to  order  and  said  : 

The  Conference  will  now  come  to  order.  I  take  sincere  pleasure  in 
calling  to  order  this  Twenty-Fourth  Quadrennial  Session  of  the  Gen 
eral  Conference  of  the  Church  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ.  I 
congratulate  you,  brethren,  in  being  permitted  to  meet  in  this  growing 
western  city,  the  capital  city  of  Kansas,  and  in  this  commodious  State 
building.  I  need  not  remind  you  that  you  are  the  most  numerous  of 
all  the  gatherings  in  the  history  of  this  distinguished  body.  For  the 
first  time  in  our  history  the  ministry  and  laity  meet  on  the  common 
ground'  of  equal  representation.  I  hope  this  may  hot  prove  to>  be 
experimental. 

I  need  not  remind  you  that  grave  duties  confront  you.  The  legisla 
tive,  judicial,  and  administrative  powers  of  the  Church  are  now  in 
your  hands.  What  you  do  here  will  be  far-reaching,  affecting  not  only 
the  ensuing  qua,drennium,  but  whole  decades  of  years,  and  possibly, 
if  our  Lord  should  delay  his  coming,  whole  centuries  of  church  life. 
Do  you  each  feel  sufficient  for  the  part  you  are  to  take  in  this  grave 
work  ?  Who  of  us  can  say  in  himself,  "I  am  sufficient"  ?  Our  fathers 


BIIBANl/a 


PROCEEDINGS    OF  THE 

Twenty-Fourth  General  Conference 

of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ 


FIRST  DAY'S  SESSION. 

THURSDAY,  May  11,  1905. 

THE  Twenty-Fourth  Quadrennial  Session  of  the  General  Confer 
ence  of  the  Church  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ  convened  in  the 
Hall  of  Representatives,  State  Capitol  Building,  Topeka,  Kansas,  at 
2  :  00  P.  M. 

Bishops  N.  Castle,  D.  D.,  E.  B.  Kephart,  D.  D.,  LL.  D.,  J.  S.  Mills, 
D.  D.,  Ph.  D.,  and  G.  M.  Mat-hews,  D.  D.,  occupied  seats  on  the  plat 
form  as  the  presiding-  officers  of  the  Conference. 

Bishop  N.  Castle,  D.  D.,  Senior  Bishop  of  the  Church,  called  the 
Conference  to  order  and  said  : 

The  Conference  will  now  come  to  order.  I  take  sincere  pleasure  in 
calling  to  order  this  Twenty-Fourth  Quadrennial  Session  of  the  Gen 
eral  Conference  of  the  Church  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ.  I 
congratulate  you,  brethren,  in  being  permitted  to  meet  in  this  growing 
western  city,  the  capital  city  of  Kansas,  and  in  this  commodious  State 
building.  I  need  not  remind  you  that  you  are  the  most  numerous  of 
all  the  gatherings  in  the  history  of  this  distinguished  body.  For  the 
first  time  in  our  history  the  ministry  and  laity  meet  on  the  common 
ground'  of  equal  representation.  I  hope  this  may  hot  prove  to*  be 
experimental. 

I  need  not  remind  you  that  grave  duties  confront  you.  The  legisla 
tive,  judicial,  and  administrative  powers  of  the  Church  are  now  in 
your  hands.  What  you  do  here  will  be  far-reaching,  affecting  not  only 
the  ensuing  quadrennium,  but  whole  decades  of  years,  and  possibly, 
if  our  Lord  should  delay  his  coming,  whole  centuries  of  church  life. 
Do  you  each  feel  sufficient  for  the  part  you  are  to  take  in  this  grave 
work  ?  Who  of  us  can  say  in  himself,  "I  am  sufficient"  ?  Our  fathers 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

delivered  to  us  this  Church,  and  we  in  turn  must  deliver  it  to  those 
who  come  after  us.  What  kind  of  a  Church  will  we  deliver  to  them  ? 
They  are  helpless,  and  must  finally  accept  just  such  a  church  as  we 
turn  over  to  them.  This,  you  must  grant,  is  a  grave  responsibility. 
Whatever  we  are  now  as  a  Church,  and  whatever  may  be  our  history 
in  the  past,  there  is  a  church  that  ought  to  be.  This  church  that  ought 
to  be  will  not  build  or  make  itself.  This  after-church  ought  to  be  a 
goal  sufficient  for  the  highest  effort  of  every  member  of  this  General 
Conference.  This  after-church  is  away  out  yonder  in  the  twenties, 
thirties,  and  fifties  of  this  twentieth  century,  awaiting  its  time.  Its 
brain,  its  heart,  its  equipment  for  its  great  mission  in  the  world  are  in 
our  hands ;  it-  cannot  help  itself.  What  will  we  bequeath  to  it  ?  Will 
it  be  an  inheritance  unspoiled  by  taints  of  evil  and  thus  prepared  to 
respond  to  highest  truth  about  it,  or  will  we  throw  away  the  inheri 
tance  before  it  has  touched  it,  and  thus  say  that  the  church  you  might 
have  been  shall  never  be  ? 

This  is  the  problem  that  is  before  us,  and  no  more  important  prob 
lem  ever  confronted  us  in  time.  We  are  now  in  the  twentieth  century 
life;  we  are  not  in  the  thirteenth  century  of  cathedral  building,  not  in 
the  sixteenth  century  of  the  revolt  of  intellect,  not  in  the  eighteenth 
century  of  constitution  making,  or  in  the  nineteenth  century  with  its 
discoveries  and  inventions ;  we  are  in  the  twentieth  century.  In  this 
century  you  and  I  are  to  do  our  work,  are  to  live,  do  our  work,  and  die. 
This  great  century  confronts  every  one  of  us,  confronts  the  church  of 
Jesus  Christ.  In  this  she  must  do  the  greatest  work  of  all  the  ages. 
For  this  she  will  require  steady,  level-headed  men,  whose  feet  stand  on 
rock  and  not  on  sea-foam,  whose  eyes  are  clear  of  vision,  who  can  see 
realities  and  act  accordingly.  There  must  be  a  resolute  facing  of  the 
world  as  it  is,  with  all  the  garments  of  make-believe  thrown  off.  We 
must  know  right  from  wrong  and  have  principles  of  life  beyond  all 
mere  policy  or  expediency.  We  are  not  now  living  in  or  dealing  with 
an  imaginary  world,  but  a  world  intensely  realistic.  We  are  not 
fighting  wind-mills  in  mid  air,  but  are  enlisted  in  a  plain  matter-of- 
fact  work.  Not  in  air-built  fancies,  but  in  flesh  and  blood,  in  things 
as  solid  and  real  as  wood,  flint,  and  steel  we  are  to  work  out  our  own 
and  the  Church's  destiny. 

We  are  working  amid  varied  multiform  and  mighty  forces.  We 
cannot  single  out  any  one  of  these  forces  as  of  dominant  value  and 
ignore  or  despise  the  others.  All  progress  large  or  small  is  the  result  of 
many  forces.  We  are  dealing  to-day  with  fundamentals,  the  real  be 
ginning  of  things  in  this  new  century.  We  are  laying  foundation 
principles.  The  beginning  indicates  and  largely  determines  the  char 
acter  of  what  shall  follow,  for  no  great  life,  either  individual  or 
church  life,  can  be  lived  and  maintained  on  a  low  beginning. 

The  Church,  I  grant,  is  not  what  it  was  once,  and  it  is  well  that  it  is 
not.  Great  and  mighty  changes  have  been  wrought  in  our  brain  and 
heart  life.  Much  of  the  low  level  of  vision,  of  the  lowland  of  vision, 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

has  been  left  for  the  foothills  and  the  regions  beyond ;  but  however 
far  we  may  be  on  the  way  up,  we  are  not  yet  at  the  summit.  There  is 
a  broader  sunlight  and  a  wider  landscape  far  yonder  for  us.  Let  us  go 
on  up.  Why  should  we  come  thus  far  unless  we  intend  to  go  on  ? 
No  sailor  makes  mid-ocean  his  goal,  no  traveler  the  half-way  place 
when  his  home  crowns  the  mountains.  The  runner  that  stops  in  the 
race  will  never  make  the  goal,  and  the  bridge  that  does  not  fully  span 
the  stream  fails  as  a  bridge. 

I  am  glad  to  believe,  brethren,  with  you  that  there  are  better  things 
for  us  on  upward  and  ahead.  Let  us  not  stop.  The  fog-banks  are 
thinning  and  the  sun  is  growing  brighter  as  we  ascend.  I  pray  you 
to  resolve  to  be  the  best  dlelegate  that  it  is  possible  for  you  to  be,  with 
your  advantages.  Let  one  thing  be  said  of  every  one;  namely,  that 
there  is  a  man  or  a  woman  behind  this  delegate.  This  is  one  of  the 
most  important  things  in  our  life.  Character  is  above  all.  No  one 
can  throw  his  whole  life  into  a  life  that  he  himself  is  false  to.  To 
morrow  success  may  follow  a  man  of  a  contradictory  life,  but  results 
will  be  neither  good  nor  lasting  in  the  case  of  such  a  man. 

Those  that  will  control  the  religious  thought  of  this  century  will  be 
preeminently  spiritual  men,  not  religious  monks,  not  ascetics,  not 
mystic  dreamers  or  ignorant  zealots.  They  will  not  be  active  in  de 
bating  societies,  grim  polemics,  discussing  the  intricacies  of  greed ; 
they  will  not.  give  much  attention  to  religious  millinery.  They  will 
be  simple,  earnest,  God-fearing  men.  There  is  nothing,  my  brethren, 
beyond  higher  and  grander  than  the  development  of  the  inner  spiritual 
life  that  will  always  actuate  its  possessor.  Let  us  cultivate  this  inner 
light  and  life  during  this  General  Conference  session. 

These  are  the  best  safeguards  against  unworthy  motives ;  they  can 
not  nourish  in  such  a  sun  and  such  a  soil.  We  need  during  this  Gen 
eral  Conference  pentecostal  gifts  and  pentecostal  grace  in  order  to  do 
the  work  committed  to  us.  We  must  be  true  to  the  spirit  of  our  his 
toric  name.  Of  course  we  cannot  be  anything  else  but  brethren,  be 
cause  we  have  the  family  bond ;  and  we  cannot  be  other  than  united, 
because  we  are  in  him — Christ.  Let  us  firmly  resolve  to  live  and  die 
in  peace  if  we  have  to  fight  to  do  it. 

Now,  before  we  join  in  singing  the  doxology,  I  want  to  give  you 
Paul's  doxology  in  Ephesians  the  third  chapter  and  twentieth  verse ; 
mark  the  language  where  the  apostle  uses  the  words,  "Now  unto  him 
that  is  able  to  do  exceeding  abundantly  above  all  that  we  ask  or  think, 
according  to  the  power  that  worketh  in  us."  Will  you  note  the  analogy 
here  for  a  moment,  "Who  is  able  to  do"  ?  Oh,  those  two  little  words 
there!  Emphasize  them,  "Able  to  do"  First,  all  we  ask;  second,  all 
we  think ;  third,  above  all  we  ask ;  fourth,  above  all  we  think ;  fifth, 
abundantly  above  all  we  ask;  sixth,  abundantly  above  all  we  think; 
seventh,  exceedingly  abundantly  above  all  we  ask ;  and  eighth,  exceed 
ingly  abundantly  above  all  we  think. 

I  wonder  if  we  have  not  reached,  are  not  on  a  limitless,  shoreless 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

sea,  and  do  you  not  say  that  this  is  a  time  for  mercies  unlimited? 
But,  my  brethren,  sad  as  it  may  be — oh,  think  of  it  for  a  moment — 
there  is  a  limitation,  and  do  you  catch  that?  It  is  according  to  the 
power  that  worketh  in  us.  God  cannot  go  any  faster  than  his  church 
goes;  he  cannot  go  any  faster  than  you  and  I  go.  Let  me  illustrate, 
and  I  have  done. 

Away  back  when  I  was  a  small  boy  I  used  to  drive  an  old  lolling 
ox  team  on  a  hot  summer  day  with  a  small  grist  to  the  old  mill  that 
we  called  the  Bonnieville  mill,  about  two  and  a  half  or  three  miles 
away  from  my  mother's  home.  There  was  a  little  stream  coming  down 
by  that  mill  that  was  arrested  by  a  dam  that  had  been  thrown  across 
it  to  hold  the  waters  in  check,  and  then  a  narrow  channel  that  led  on 
down  from  this  dam  to  the  mill,  and  the  surplus  water  went  over  the 
dam,  laughing  away  to  join  the  waters  beyond.  But  some  days  when 
we  -were  at  that  mill  it  was  still.  Old  Lampeer,  the  miller,  flour- 
covered,  stooped  as  many  a  miller  is  stooped,  was  walking  around  and 
doing  nothing.  There  was  no  singing  in  this  mill.  The  farmers  came 
and  brought  their  wheat,  but  they  took  no  flour  away  with  them, 
nothing  for  their  families.  But  there  came  a  time  when  things 
changed.  The  waters  were  up  against  that  mill,  pressing  and  press 
ing  and  wanting  to  get  in.  The  waters  were  saying:  "Oh,  I  could 
turn  such  a  little  mill  as  this  if  I  could  only  get  at  it.  Why,  I  could 
turn  twenty  such  mills  or  a  hundred  such  mills  as  you  are,  but  I  can 
not  get  at  you."  But  there  was  a  time  when  old  Lampeer  walked  up 
there  a  little  way  and  lifted  a  gate,  and  then  the  waters  came  rushing 
and  laughing  on  their  way  down  to  that  mill.  They  went  on  and 
started  the  old  massive  wheel,  and  in  a  few  moments  there  was  sing 
ing  in  that  mill,  and  the  flaky  flour  fell  thick  and  fast  in  sack  and 
barrel,  and  the  farmers  went  away  with  bread  for  their  families. 

Oh,  my  brethren,  are  we  not  something  like  this  ?  There  is  power 
all  about  you  and  me,  beating  about  us,  knocking  at  every  door  and 
avenue  of  our  natures,  wanting  to  get  in.  Oh,  may  the  divine  Spirit 
help  us  to  lift  up  the  gates  and  swing  wide  the  doors  of  the  heart  and 
intellect  and  brain  and  let  the  power  of  God  in  during  this  General 
Conference.  [Voices,  Amen.]  Will  you  pray  for  it?  Will  you  ex 
pect  it  ?  God  grant  it. 

I  wish  that  this  might  be  the  most  spiritual  General  Conference  we 
have  ever  held,  and  I  am  sure  that  it  is  God's  pleasure  to  make  it  so 
to  every  one  of  us. 

Now  I  want  you  all  to  stand  and  sing.  Brother  Lorenz,  whom  you 
know  so  very  well  throughout  this  whole  Church,  and  who  is  known 
beyond  these  homes  of  our  own  land,  known  in  other  countries  because 
of  his  musical  ability,  will  lead  the  singing.  I  desire  that  you  should 
sing  the  long  meter  doxology,  and  if  you  ever  made  it  swing,  make  it 
swing  here  at  this  place.  "Praise  God  from  whom  all  blessings  flow." 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  While  you  are  standing,  I  will  ask  Bishop 
Mathews  to  lead  us  in  repeating  the  Lord's  Prayer. 

Bishop  Mathews  led  the  Conference  in  the  repeating  of  the  Lord's 
Prayer. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  now  join  in  singing  Number  204, 
that  old  familiar  hymn,  "Rock  of  Ages,  cleft  for  me,"  and  I  am  sure 
that  we  shall  be  delighted  to  have  every  one  who  can  join  in  the 
singing. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  now  be  led  before  the  throne  of 
grace  by  Bishop  Mills,  all  standing  during  this  prayer. 

PRAYER. 
Bishop  Mills  offered  the  following  prayer : 

The  earth  is  the  Lord's,  and  the  fullness  thereof;  the  world,  and  they 
that  dwell  therein,  for  he  hath  founded  it  upon  the  seas  and  estab 
lished  it  upon  the  floods.  Who  shall  ascend  into  the  hill  of  the  Lord, 
or  who  shall  stand  in  his  holy  place?  He  that  hath  clean  hands  and 
a  pure  heart;  who  hath  not  lifted  up  his  soul  unto  vanity,  nor  sworn 
deceitfully.  The  heavens  declare  thy  glory^  the  earth  showeth  thy 
handiwork.  Day  unto  day  uttereth  speech  and  night  unto  night  re- 
vealeth  knowledge  of  thee.  There  is  no  place  to  which  human  beings 
may  go  out  of  the  reach  of  thy  presence  and  power  and  love.  Oh, 
thou  eternal  God,  Father  of  our  spirits,  giver  of  all  good  gifts;  oh, 
thou  eternal  Son,  who  did  come  into  this  world  and  take  the  form  of 
man  and  empty  thyself  of  the  eternal  form,  becoming  a  servant,  thou 
who  didst  give  thyself  a  ransom  for  us  all ;  oh,  thou  Holy  Spirit,  who 
hast  come  to  renew  life  in  us  and  to  lead  us  into  all  truth,  to  bring  to 
our  remembrance  what  Jesus  said,  and  to  carry  forward  the  good 
work  which  thou  hast  begun  even  unto  completion,  thou  eternal 
triune  God,  we  bring  to  thee  our  gratitude,  our  praise,  and  our  thanks 
giving.  We  thank  thee  for  the  blessings  that  have  come  to  us  in  thy 
daily  providences — food  and  clothing  and  shelter.  We  thank  thee  for 
the  blessings  that  have  come  to  us  through  the  civil  government  under 
which  we  live — life  and  liberty  and  the  pursuit  of  happiness,  each  one 
permitted  to  sit  in  the  light  of  his  own  home,  no  one  daring  legally  to 
molest  or  to  make  us  afraid.  We  thank  thee  for  this  good  land  in 
which  we  have  our  lot  and  for  this  great  nation  which  thou  hast 
raised  up.  We  thank  thee  for  its  providential  beginning,  its  provi 
dential  history,  for  the  light  it  now  radiates  out  over  other  nations, 
to  secure  for  them  larger  liberty,  greater  equality,  and  greater  op 
portunity.  We  thank  thee  for  the  spiritual  benefits  that  have  come 
to  us,  exceeding  abundant  above  all  that  we  can  ask  or  even  think, 
according  to  thy  power  that  worketh  in  us.  Thou  hast  brought  to  us 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

light  and  life  when  we  were  in  darkness  and  death,  the  spiritual  privi 
lege  of  having  Jesus  for  our  Savior  and  the  Holy  Spirit  for  our  com 
forter  and  guide,  and  heaven  for  our  eternal  home. 

We  thank  thee  for  the  church,  for  its  beginning  and  its  history 
down  to  this  present  time,  its  glorious  list  of  prophets  and  apostles 
and  martyrs  and  holy  men  and  women.  We  thank  thee  for  what 
has  been  wrought  in  this  world  through  the  church.  We  thank  thee 
for  the  part  of  the  church  with  which  we  are  associated.  Thou  hast 
brought  us  here  as  representatives  of  it,  from  the  East  and  from  the 
West,  from  the  North  and  from  the  South,  and  caused  us  to  sit  down 
in  this  heavenly  place  in  Christ  Jesus,  that  we  might  commune  with 
thee  and  counsel  with  each  other  concerning  the  advancement  of  the 
kingdom  of  God.  We  thank  thee  for  counting  us  each  worthy  thus  to 
be  associated  with  Jesus  Christ  in  this  great  work. 

We  come  to  thee  with  our  petitions,  for  we  are  weak,  we  are  help 
less,  we  need  thy  forgiving  love,  thy  pardoning  grace.  We  need  that 
inspiration  that  comes  from  above,  that  will  fill  us  with  light  and  life 
and  love,  that  we  may  carry  forward  the  work  which  thou  hast  com 
mitted  to  our  hands.  O  God,  be  pleased  to  look  upon  us.  May  thy 
spirit  help  our  infirmities.  May  this  gathering  be  characterized  by 
that  wisdom  that  cometh  down  from  above,  that  is  peaceable  and  gen 
tle  and  easily  to  be  entreated,  that  is  without  guile  and  without 
hypocrisy.  May  each  one  strive  to  excel  the  other  in  his  effort  to  find 
and  to  do  the  will  of  God.  May  each  strive  to  excel  the  other  in  that 
kindness  and  gentleness  and  forbearance  that  is  the  expression  of  the 
love  of  God  in  human  hearts.  And  do  thou  grant  thy  blessing  upon 
the  Church  with  which  we  are  associated.  As  thou  hast  guided  it  and 
prospered  it  in  the  past,  so  wilt  thou  continue  to  add  thy  blessing  to 
all  the  labors  of  thy  people.  Bless  each  officer,  delegate,  and  visitor 
in  this  great  national  Conference.  May  each  have  health  and  discre 
tion  and  wisdom  and  courage  to  act  his  part  nobly  in  the  fear  of  God. 
Bless  the  homes  from  which  they  come.  Preserve  their  loved  ones  in 
their  absence  from  all  evil,  from  the  pestilence  that  walketh  in  dark 
ness  and  from  the  destruction  that  wasteth  at  noonday.  Make  this 
Conference  a  blessing  to  this  city,  to  this  State,  to  this  nation,  and  to 
the  whole  world. 

And  while  we  pray  for  the  Church  with  which  we  are  associated, 
we  pray  for  every  part  of  the  body  of  Christ  upon  earth,  that  it  may  be 
unified  in  all  its  efforts  to  glorify  thee,  that  it  may  have  a  large  vision 
to  see  what  is  for  the  glory  of  God;  that  it  may  have  the  courage  of 
the  apostles  and  martyrs  of  old  to  carry  forward  the  banner  of  the 
King,  ^terming  the  strongholds  of  sin  and  Satan  everywhere,  and 
hastening  the  coming  of  the  reign  of  the  Prince  of  Peace. 

To  this  end,  O  God,  do  thou  share  thy  blessing  with  the  state  as 
well  as  the  church.  May  it  protect  the  lives  and  liberties  of  the  peo 
ple,  and  may  this  nation  of  which  we  are  a  part  illustrate  the  fact 
that  happy  is  the  people  whom  the  Lord  hath  chosen  and  that  people 

8 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN   CHRIST 

which  devotes  itself  to  his  service.  And  while  thou  art  blessing  this 
nation  and  the  rulers  that  are  over  us  in  high  places,  guiding  and 
prospering  them,  we  pray  for  this  commonwealth  in  which  we  are 
assembled.  We  rejoice  in  its  noble  history  and  the  grand  conflict  it 
has  waged  against  the  various  forms  of  national  evils  and  the 
triumphs  that  have  crowned  its  labors  in  the  past;  and  we  pray  that 
the  blessing  of  God  may  be  upon  its  efforts  for  human  freedom  and 
civic  righteousness  in  its  present  struggles  against  the  spoiler  and  op 
pressor. 

And  do  thou  thus  lead  us  all  so  that  this  occasion  will  bring  greater 
glory  to  thee,  the  Father,  the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Spirit,  in  time  and  in 
eternity,  for  his  name's  sake.  Amen. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  now  join  in  singing  hymn  No.  183, 
"Jesus,  Savior,  pilot  me." 

MR.  LORENZ.  It  seems  to  me,  brethren,  we  can  sing  this  hymn  with 
peculiar  earnestness,  for  many  of  us  are  on  unchartered  waters  here; 
we  do  not  know  just  what  currents  to  guard  against,  but  we  may  be 
sure  that  if  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ  is  our  Pilot,  we  can  reach  the  de 
sired  haven.  Let  us  pray,  "Jesus,  Savior,  pilot  me."  God  help  us. 

The  songs  used  in  the  Conference  were  selections  made  by  E.  S. 
Lorenz,  entitled  "Sample  Pages  from  Hymns  that  Help,  Otterbein 
Hymnal,  and  Crowning  Day,  for  the  use  of  the  General  Conference  of 
the  United  Brethren  in  Christ,  convening  at  Topeka,  Kansas,  May  11- 
22,  1905." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  now  hear  the  reading  of  the  Word 
of  the  Lord.  Brother  Washinger  will  read  the  Nineteenth  Psalm. 

REV.  W.  H.  WASHINGER,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  Hear  the 
Word  of  the  Lord  as  we  find  it  recorded  in  the  Nineteenth  Psalm. 
(Eeads  Ninteenth  Psalm.)  God  bless  the  reading  of  the  Word. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  second  lesson  we  will  have  from  the 
New  Testament,  by  Brother  A.  P.  Funkhouser.  Ephesians,  third 
chapter. 

Rev.  A.  P.  Funkhouser,  or  Virginia  Conference,  then  read  the  third 
chapter  of  Ephesians. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  will  now  please  join  in  singing  hymn 
No.  177.  We  will  stand  during  this  singing,  and  at  the  close  of  the 
hymn  I  will  ask  Rev.  J.  L.  Parks  and  Rev.  F.  P.  Rosselot  to  lead  in 
prayer,  following  in  the  order  named. 

Conference  stands  and  sings,  "I  must  tell  Jesus." 

Rev.  J.  L.  Parks,  of  the  California  Conference,  delivered  the  fol 
lowing  prayer : 

9 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

O  God,  thou  who  art  from  everlasting  to  everlasting  the  same  un 
changing  God ;  thou  who  art  full  of  love  and  mercy  and  compassion,  to 
thee  we  lift  up  our  hearts  and  our  voices  in  prayer  at  this  moment.  We 
would  return  grateful  thanksgiving  and  praises  to  thee  for  thy  loving 
kindness  and  for  all  the  tender  mercies  which  we  have  received  from 
thine  hand  since  we  have  had  a  being  in  this  world.  O  God,  thou  hast  led 
us  in  ways  that  we  knew  niot  of  and  in  ways  which  we  would  have  turnad 
aside  from,  had  we  been  permitted  to  take  our  own  choice ;  but  to-day 
as  we  look  out  over  the  road  we  have  come,  we  thank  thee  for  the  way 
in  which  thou  hast  led  us  and  pray  that  thou  wouldst  help  us  that  we 
may  see  more  clearly  than  ever  that  the  hand  of  God  is  upon  us,  that 
God  is  interested  in  us,  that  he  is  willing  to  help  us  onward  and  up 
ward  to  greater  achievements,  to  greater  attainments,  if  we  have  the 
willingness  to  follow  where  he  leads  us. 

We  thank  thee,  Almighty  God,  for  the  privilege  of  meeting  in  this 
General  Conference  with  these  brethren,  thy  servants.  Thou  hast 
blessed  us  as  a  Church  during  the  quadrennium  that  has  passed,  and 
we  come  before  thee  now,  praying  that  Heaven's  blessing  may  rest 
upon  each  one  of  us  as  we  come  before  thee  to  transact  the  business 
for  the  coming  years. 

O  God,  help  each  one  of  us  to  do  this  work  as  if  Christ  himself  were 
here  in  person;  yea,  help  us  to  realize  that  he  is  here  more  emphatic 
ally  than  if  he  were  here  in  person,  and  grant,  O  God,  that  thy  Holy 
Spirit  may  take  full  possession  of  each  heart,  and  lead  thou  us.  Guide 
thou  us  in  all  our  deliberations  and  in  all  our  plans  and  in  all  of  our 
undertakings  that  God  may  be  honored  and  that  the  world  may  be 
blessed. 

We  thank  thee  for  the  lives  of  our  dear  bishops,  for  the  success  that 
has  crowned  their  efforts.  O  God,  guide  them;  would  thou  pour  out 
of  thy  Spirit  upon  them  and  give  them  to  realize  that  God  is  very  near 
to  their  hearts. 

Bless  all  these  general  officers,  who  have  had  upon  their  hearts  and 
upon  their  minds  the  burdens  of  the  Church  in  the  years  past.  Some 
times  the  task  was  very  tedious  and  very  laborious,  but  through  it  all 
thou  hast  brought  them,  and  we  thank  thee  for  it.  Bless  all  these 
delegates,  and  grant,  our  Father,  that  the  Spirit  of  the  Holy  One  may 
rest  upon  each  one  of  us,  and  may  we  all  d'o  thy  will  and  thy  service. 
We  pray  thee,  our  Father,  especially  that  this  meeting  may  be  charac 
terized  by  the  old-time  revival  power.  O  God,  we  pray  thee  to-day  to 
open  the  windows  of  heaven  upon  the  Church ;  pour  out  of  thy  Spirit 
upon  us,  and  make  us  a  helpful  influence  that  thousands  of  souls  may 
be  led  from  nature's  darkness  into  the  larger  light  of  the  gospel  of 
Jesus  Christ.  _  Bless  us  and  lead  us  and  guid'e  us  and  eventually  save 
us  all,  we  ask  in  the  name  of  Jesus  Christ  our  Lord.  Amen. 

Rev.  F.  P.  Rosselot,  of  Sandusky  Conference,  delivered  the  follow 
ing  prayer : 

10 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Our  Father  and  our  God,  we  come  before  thee  with  our  hearts  filled 
with  gratitude  for  thy  mercies  and  for  thy  kindness  to  each  one  of 
us  and  for  thy  presence  and  power  rn  the  Church  of  our  choice,  in  the 
efforts  of  the  denomination  to  bring  men  back  to  God  and  to  home  and 
to  heaven ;  and  we  come  remembering  that  without  thee  we  are  the 
most  helpless  of  men,  and  when  thou  art  with  us  we  can  do  all  things 
through  Christ  strengthening  us;  and  at  this  moment  we  pray,  our 
Father,  that  we  may  neither  go  too  fast  nor  too  slow,  but  that  we  may 
be  steadied  by  thy  Word  and  thy  truth  and  the  presence  of  the  Holy 
Spirit  in  our  lives  and  in  our  midst. 

And  we  pray,  our  Father,  that  thou  wilt  open  the  way  on  all  sides 
for  greater  service  and  the  bringing  of  greater  glory  to  thy  name.  We 
pray  our  Father  for  those  coming  together  from  all  parts  of  our  own 
fair  land  and  from  far-off  shores.  Oh,  grant,  our  Father,  to  unite  us 
with  the  Holy  Spirit,  to  send  us  out  into  the  world  for  greater  service 
and  for  greater  usefulness  in  the  hands  of  our  Master  and  our  Lord. 
To  this  end  we  pray  that  the  hush  of  God  may  fall  upon  us.  O  our 
Father,  our  Father,  put  thy  hand  upon  every  one  of  our  unworthy 
lives  and  use  us  after  thine  own  plans  and  purposes  and  desires. 

So  lead  us  and  control  us  to  thy  name's  honor  and  glory.  We  ask 
it  in  Jesus'  name.  Amen. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Our  final  and  last  hymn,  or  as  much  of  it 
as  the  leader  may  indicate,  is  numbered  191,  "No,  Not  One." 

The  second  verse  was  sung  by  the  brethren  East  of  the  Alleghenies 
and  the  last  verse  by  the  sisters  of  the  Conference,  all  joining  in  the 
chorus. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  time  is  now  here  for  the  calling  of  the 
roll  and  effecting  the  organization  of  the  Conference.  I  will  ask  the 
former  secretary  of  this  Conference,  Brother  J.  H.  Snyder,  of  North 
east  Kansas  Conference,  to  call  the  roll,  and  each  member  will  answer 
promptly  when  his  name  is  called. 

Rev.  J.  H.  Snyder  called  the  roll  in  alphabetical  order. 

k  MINISTERIAL   DELEGATES. 

Albright,  I.  H.,  Arford,  A.  W.,  Ayers,  A.  R.,  Baber,  E.  R.,  Baker, 
D.  P.,  Ballinger,  A.  W.,  Barkemyer,  H.,  Bearss,  I.  W.,  Beatty,  W.  I., 
Bell,  W.  M.,  Bennehoff,  I.,  Berry,  Wm.  R.,  Boyd,  A.,  Brandenburg, 
J.  L.,  Brane,  C.  I.  B.,  Bremer,  J.  C.,  Burger,  D.  L.,  Burkert,  C.  J., 
Buswell,  W.  M.,  Camp,  P.  M.,  Carlton,  V.  A,  Chambers,  J.  R.,  Con- 
nett,  J.  B.,  Cornell,  L.  S.,  Cox,  C.  H.,  Craig,  Henry,  Cronk,  W.  F., 
Cummins,  A.'M.,  Curtis,  E.  W.,  Davis,  G.  A.,  Dawson,  M.  F.,  Deal, 
H.,  Deever,  J.  B.,  Doub,  D.  L.,  Drury,  M.  R.,  Flory,  H.  H.,  Fout, 
H.  H.,  Fries,  W.  O.,  Fritz,  G.,  Funk,  W.  R.,  Funkhouser,  A.  P.,  Gabel, 

11 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

H.  S.,  Garner,  A.  A.,  Geiger,  Geo.,  Good,  Eli,  Gossard,  G.  D.,  Grimm, 
J.  L.,  Gruver,  W.  F.,  Gunnels,  H.  J.,  Hammack,  A.  S.,  Harner,  J.  R., 
Harper,  W.  O.,  Hawkins,  J.  A.,  Herndon,  W.  D.,  Hess,  H.  R,,  Hin- 
shaw,  W.  L.,  Hinton,  G.  H.,  Hobson,  J.  T.,  Hott,  Geo.  P.,  Hough,  S.  S., 
Howard,  A.  T.,  Huber,  J.  G.,  Keister,  S.  W.,  Kendall,  J.  S.,  King,  J. 
A.  F.,  King,  J.  R.,  Kiracofe,  J.  W.,  Lake,  J.  W.,  Lilly,  J.  W.,  Lloyd, 
W.  R.,  Long,  C.  S.,  Lowery,  D.  D.,  Macklin,  G.  P.,  Mater,  Elmer, 
Mclntyre,  N.  J.,  McKee,  C.  U.,  Miller,  I).  R.,  Miller,  Geo.,  Morgan, 

F.  M.,  Mumma,  M.  J.,  Myer,  A.,  Neff,  F.  H.,  Norviel,  J.  B.,  Orr,  A., 
Overton,  V.  W.,  Parker,  W.  F.,  Parks,  J.  L.,  Patterson,  J.  H.,  Paul, 
S.  W.,  Porter,  G.  O.,  Recard,  C.  W.,  Reese,  A.  H.,  Ressler,  J.  I.  L., 
Richardson,  J.  A.,  Rigney,  A.,  Roberts,  J.  T.,  Roberts,  W.  Z.,  Robins, 
W.  A.,  Roop,  H.  U.,  Rosselot,  F.  P.,  Schell,  W.  E.,  Schofield,  J.  W., 
Schoonover,  L.  L.,  Seneff,  D.  R.,  Shaffer,  H.  C.,  Shannon,  J.  E.,  Sher- 
rick,  G.  W.,  Siffert,  W.  O.,  Simons,  J.,  Smith,  W.  A.,  Snyder,  A.  M., 
Snyder,  J.  H.,  Sprinkle,  D.  W.,  Stahl,  L.  W.,  Stanley,  W.  E.,  Statton, 
A.  B.,  Stratton,  W.  D.,  Tasker,  W.  H.,  Testerman,  F.  M.,  Thorn,  C. 
A.,  Todd',  S.  L.,  Trueblood,  H.  W.,  Vezie,  K  L.,  Vine,  W.  W.,  Walls, 
J.  H.,  Washinger,  W.  H,  White,  R.  J.,  Whitney,  A.  D.,  Willis,  J.  W., 
Wilmore,  A.  C.,  Wood,  W.,  Wright,  W.  H.,  Wyandt,  J.  D.,  Zuck,  R.  M. 

LAY    DELEGATES. 

Airhart,  W.  E.,  Altaffer,  J.  M.,  Anderson,  A.,  Bair,  J.  U.,  Barnes, 
John,  Barr,  R.  J.,  Bear,  I.  J.,  Bell,  J.  A.,  Bennett,  R.  H.,  Bierman,  E. 
Benj.,  Booker,  Kate,  Brubaker,  H.  F.,  Bronson,  Lizzie,  Burgess,  W. 
E.,  Burt,  F.  A.,  Caldwell,  S.  C.,  Cheadle,  W.  H,  Cowden,  A.  J., 
Cowden,  Robert,  Craig,  Emma,  Davis,  J.  S.,  Dean,  N.  A.,  Dillenbach, 

G.  W.,  Donly,  D.  E.,  Drury,  J.  L.,  Edmonds,  Matt,  Engle,  B.  H., 
Dennis,  Frank,  Fisher,  Mrs.  Sarah,  Funk,  C.  M.,  Garber,  J.  N.,  Gar- 
ber,  Mrs.  Mary,  Gard,  C.  L.,  Gage,  Mrs.  O.  J.,  Gillingham,  W.  E., 
Goshard,  J.,  Giesler,  Mrs.  Fred,  Grooms,  A.  A.,  Goodwin,  Mrs.  J.  W., 
Gruver,  B.  F.,  Gould,  Mrs.  Helen,  Guyer,  W.   C.,  Haffner,  W.  F., 
Heckert,   J.   C.,  Heckman,  Frank,  Henry,   F.   N.,  Henkle,   Mrs.   N., 
Hilborn,  L,  Hockett,  J.  M.,  Hottell,  G.  A.,  Howard,  Le  Roy,  Huber, 
S.  F.,  Hulitt,  John,  Kirkpatrick,  Miss  Ella  J.,  Jack,  W.  H.,  Johnston, 
A.  P.,  Juday,  A.  J.,  Keezel,  W.  C.,  Keister,  A.,  Keppel,  Mark,  Kerr, 
F.  E.,  King,  Mrs.  Zella  B.,  Koch,  Charles,  Kumler,  S.  E.;  Hunt,  S.  H., 
Laughbaum,  A.  H.,  Lee,  B.,  Lorenz,  E.  S.,  Lott,  S.  W.,  Love,  S.  M., 
Lowe,  W.  G.,  Lutz,  W.  A.,  Mater,  G.  W.,  Mead,  Mrs.  Mary,  Michener, 
Wm.;  Miller,  E.  D.,  Miller,  G.  H,  Miller,  H.  B.,  Miller,  M.  P.,  Mills, 
W.  O.,  Money,  O.  S.,  Moore,  A.  A.,  Mullen,  C.  E.,  Munch,  F.  N., 
Myers,  E.  W.,  Myers,  J.  C.,  Neuding,  E.  S.,  Patterson,  Mrs.  J.  H., 
Peck,  J.  C.,  Peters,  D.  A.,  Pool,  J.  H.,  Porterfield,  J.  G.,  Raymond, 
C.  L.,  Rhinehart,  Mrs.  A.  M.,  Richard,  E.  H.,  Richards,  Mrs.  Celia, 
Robbins,  W.  W.,  Richer,  Mrs.  Jos.,  Roop,  H.  J.,  Roose,  A.  E.,  Rue- 
bush,  J.  H.,  Sage,  Chas.  W.,  Schell,  Mrs.  W.  E.,  Schaeffer,  E.,  Shaffer, 

12 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

D.,  Shambaugh,  John,  Shatzer,  J.  B.,  Sickafoose,  Mrs.  Geo.,  Smith, 

E.  R.,  Snyder,  G.  C.,  Spangler,  Geo.,  Spangler,  T.  G.,    Spencer,  Mrs. 
A.  J.,  Spiegel,  F.,  Stoker,  D.  E.,  Stehman,  J.  G.,  Stoner,  Mrs.  Mattie, 
Streich,  P.  M.,  Baisch,  H.  B.,  Van  Cleve,  Ed.,  Warner,  Grace,  Weber, 
Henry  F.,  Wertz,  S.,  White,  D.  D.,  Johnson,  Chas.,  Williams,  G.  C., 
Williams,  Ida,  Wilson,  A.  E.,  Witt,  Mrs.  B.  F.,  Wolfe,  Geo.  A.,  Wright, 

F.  B.,  Wright,  Henry,  Zeigler,  W.  O. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  first  thing  in  order  will  be  the  election 
of  your  secretary  or  secretaries. 

REV.  J.  B.  CONNETT,  of  Lower  Wabash  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman, 
one  of  our  laymen  is  detained  on  account  of  illness,  and  the  alternate 
is  here,  Mr.  Frank  Dennis,  in  place  of  Mr.  George  Fredenberger. 

REV.  S.  W.  KEISTER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  One  of  our  dele 
gates,  Mr.  John  Thomas,  is  sick,  and  I  hold  in  my  hands  the  creden 
tials  of  Prof.  H.  B.  Baish,  of  Altoona,  as  alternate. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  am  not  sure  how  far  you  want  to  canvass 
this  matter  now.  Possibly  this  is  the  time.  I  think  there  is  a  Com 
mittee  on  Credentials,  and  these  matters  might  go  to  that  committee 
and  come  in  later.  My  own  thought  is  that  you  had  better  leave  this 
matter  for  correction  at  a  later  time. 

REV.  L.  W.  STAHL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman,  I 
think  there  are  some  other  names  on  the  ministerial  roll.  In  the  case 
of  death  the  names  were  added  and  the  change  was  made.  If  one 
name  ought  to  go  to  the  committee,  I  would  think  all  ought  to  go. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  will  say  this,  brethren,  that  we  are  not 
organized.  You  had  better  elect  your  secretary  or  secretaries  and  get 
into  an  organized  body,  and  then  you  can  do  business.  You  elected,  I 
believe,  four  years  ago,  a  secretary  and  a  recording  secretary.  What 
is  your  pleasure  this  time  ? 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman,  I  move 
you  that  there  be  a  secretary  and  an  assistant  secretary  elected. 

The  motion  was  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded  that  a  secretary 
and  an  assistant  secretary  be  elected.  Are  you  ready  for  this  ? 

REV.  J.  H.  SNYDER,  of  Northeast  Kansas  Conference.  If  it  is  in 
tended  as  four  years  ago,  the  stenographer  was  elected  the  steno 
graphic  secretary. 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK.    It  is  not  so  intended. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    All  favoring  this  motion  will  give  consent 

13 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

by  uplifted  hand.  Any  opposed  to  it,  like  sign.  The  motion  prevails. 
You  will  now  prepare  your  ballots  for  these  secretaries,  writing  the 
two  names  on  the  same  ballot. 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK.  Mr.  Chairman,  I  would  like  to  say  that  we  have 
prepared  paper  for  ballots,  to  give  to  each  delegation,  a  number  of 
which  may  be  held  in  their  possession  for  the  different  miscellaneous 
elections  that  come.  Mr.  Senseny,  who  has  charge  of  them,  will  please 
hand  them  to  the  page  boys. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now,  we  have  selected  Rev.  A.  M.  Snyder, 
J.  II.  Ruebush,  J.  L.  Parks,  Prof.  Mark  Keppel,  W.  H.  Wright,  A.  H. 
Laughbaum,  and  C.  W.  Recard  to  act  as  tellers.  You  will  circulate 
these  blanks,  and  then  when  they  are  prepared  you  will  collect  them. 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK.  The  question  is  asked  whether  the  stenographer 
will  be  the  assistant.  The  motion  was  made  in  order  that  we  might 
have  a  secretary  and  assistant  secretary.  Heretofore  the  stenographer 
has  been  the  recording  secretary,  a  distinct  thing  from  the  regular 
reading  secretary. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  your  motion  had  reference  to  the  sec 
retary  and  assistant  ? 

DR.  FUNK.  .  The  secretary  and  assistant ;  the  recording  secretary 
will  come  later. 

PROF.  E.  B.  BIERMAN,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  Shall 
we  vote  for  two  at  once,  the  secretary  and  assistant  ?  If  you  will  let 
that  order  obtain,  the  first  name  is  the  secretary  and  the  second  the 
assistant;  first  name  the  secretary  and  then  the  assistant;  otherwise 
you  must  designate. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Brethren,  just  a,  moment.  What  is  your 
wish?  that  these  names  shall  be  called  here  and  tallied,  or  will  you 
allow  these  tellers  to  retire  and  give  us  the  result,  and  possibly  in  the 
meantime  we  might  do  some  miscellaneous  business?  What  is  your 
pleasure? 

VOICES.    Retire,  retire. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Are  you  all  agreed  ? 

VOICES.    Agreed. 

PROF.  E.  S.  LORENZ,  of  Miami  Conference.  I  further  move  that  the 
tellers  report  to  us  the  names  having  the  plurality  instead  of  the  ma 
jority,  in  order  that  we  may  save  thne. 

The  motion  was  seconded. 


14 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is  that  the  tellers  report  the 
plurality  as  well  as  the  majority. 

PROF.  E.  S.  LORENZ.  That  in  case  there  is  no  majority  they  report 
the  candidates  having  the  plurality. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  don't  mean  that  the  plurality  vote 
shall  elect? 

PROF.  E.  S.  LORENZ.    That  is  it  exactly. 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK.    Sure. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is  that  the  plurality  shall  elect ; 
the  candidates  having  the  highest  shall  be  elected.  Are  you  ready  for 
the  question?  All  favoring  the  motion  will  give  their  consent  by  up 
lifted  hands.  Any  opposed,  like  sign.  It  prevails. 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK.  Mr.  Chairman,  will  we  elect  the  recording  secre 
tary  now? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Proceed  to  do  that. 

REV.  G.  W.  SHERRICK,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman,  I 
move  you  that  Mr.  Charles  J.  Hall  be  elected  the  official  recording 
secretary  of  the  Conference. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Just  hold  a  moment,  brethren,  before  we 
recognize  that. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Brethren,  I  take  pleasure  in  introducing  to 
you  Governor  Hock,  of  the  great  State  of  Kansas,  whom  you  will  be 
permitted  to  hear  to-night.  [Great  applause.] 

GOVERNOR  HOCH.  Mr.  Chairman  and  my  friends,  I  should  not  and 
shall  not  at  this  time  take  your  time  with  an  extended  speech;  only 
glad  to  look  into  your  faces  a  moment  and  to  express  to  you  per 
sonally  and  in  my  official  capacity  the  great  pleasure  which  I  have  in 
common  with  our  people*  that  you  have  honored  this  State  and  this 
city  by  coming  to  hold  your  great  convention  here.  Further  than  this 
I  shall  not  at  this  time  speak.  I  am  glad,  however,  to  see  you.  [Ap 
plause.] 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  am  sure  that  this  body  recognizes  at  once 
the  great  courtesy  shown  it  in  Governor  Hoch  giving  up  his  room 
here  to  the  members  of  this  body  during  its  business  sessions,  and  I 
am  sure  that  we  shall  gladly  know  more  about  him  and  hear  more  from 
him  as  the  days  go  by.  To-night,  especially,  we  shall  have  the  pleasure 
of  a  little  more  formal  introduction  when  the  governor  will  address 
us  in  a  way  that  will  be  most  pleasant  to  himself,  and  I  am  sure  it 
will  be  a  great  delight  to  all  of  us. 

15 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

REV.  G.  W.  SHERRICK,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  that  Mr. 
Charles  J.  Hall  be  elected  as  the  official  recording  secretary  of  the 
Conference. 

The  motion  was  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded  that  Brother 
Charles  J.  Hall,  your  stenographer,  be  your  recording  secretary.  Are 
you  ready  for  this  ?  All  in  favor  indicate  by  uplifted  hands.  Opposed, 
like  sign.  The  motion  prevails. 

REV.  S.  W.  KEISTER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  hold  in  my  hand 
a  provisional  program  as  published  in  the  Telescope  a  few  months  ago, 
and  I  move  that  it  be  made  the  official  program  of  the  Conference  and 
carried  out,  or  as  near  as  we  are  able  to  do  so. 

The  motion  was  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  was  by  order  of  the  last  General  Con 
ference  that  this  program  was  provided,  and  the  motion  is  that  it  be 
adopted  as  your  official  program  so  far  as  it  may  be  appropriate.  Are 
you  ready  to  vote?  As  many  as  are  in  favor  of  this,  lift  the  hand. 
Opposed,  like  sign.  It  is  adopted. 

THURSDAY,  MAY  11,  1905,  2 :  00  P.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 

General  Conference  called  by  Bishop  N.  Castle,  D.  D. 
Address  by  Senior  Bishop  N.  Castle. 

THURSDAY,  3:00  P.  M. 
Organization. 

THURSDAY,  7 :  30  p.  M. 

(Auditorium.) 

Bishop  Castle  presiding. 

Addresses  of  welcome,  Governor  Hoch,  of  Kansas;  Charles  M.  Shel 
don,  D.  D.,  author  of  "In  His  Steps" ;  Hon.  Matt  Edmonds,  and  Rev. 
T.  D.  Crites.  Responses  by  Rev.  H.  S.  Gabel  and  Rev.  T.  C.  Car 
ter,  D.  D. 

FRIDAY,  MAY  12,  1905,  8 :  00  A.  M. 

(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

FRIDAY,  2 :  00  p.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

16 


UNITED  BRETHREN  IN  CHRIST 

FRIDAY,  7 :  30  P.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Fraternal  delegates  from  other  denominations. 
Addresses  and  responses. 

SATURDAY,  MAY  13,  1905,  8 :  00  A.  M. 

(Hov£e  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  J.  S.  Mills,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

SATURDAY,  2:00  P.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.} 
Bishop  J.  S.  Mills,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

SATURDAY,  7 :  30  P.  M. 

(Auditorium.} 
Concert  and  entertainment,  De  Moss  Lyric  Bards. 

SUNDAY,  MAY  14,  1905,  10:30  A.  M. 

(Auditorium.} 
Sermon  by  Bishop  J.  S.  Mills. 

SUNDAY,  3 :  00  P.  M. 

(Auditorium.} 
Sunday-school  rally,  Colonel  Robert  Cowdeii  presiding. 

SUNDAY,  7:  30  p.  M. 

(Auditorium.} 

Missionary  mass  meeting,  Dr.  William  M.  Bell,  Missionary  Secre 
tary,  presiding. 

Addresses  by  returned  missionaries  and  others. 

MONDAY,  MAY  15,  1905,  8 :  00  A.  M. 

(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  G.  M.  Mathews,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

MONDAY,  2 :  30  p.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  G.  M.  Mathews,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

17 


TWENTY-FOURTH  GENERAL  CONFERENCE 

MONDAY,  7 :  30  P.  M. 

(Auditorium.) 

Church-union  meeting,  Bishop  J.  S.  Mills  in  charge. 
Addresses  by  Congregational  and  Methodist  Protestant  representa 
tives,  Rev.  Washington  Gladden,  D.  D.,  Congregationalist ;  Rev.  D.  S. 
Stephens,  D.  D.,  Methodist  Protestant. 

TUESDAY,  MAY  16,  1905,  8 :  00  A.  M. 

(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  N.  Castle,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

TUESDAY,  2 :  00  p.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  N.  Castle,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

TUESDAY,  7 :  30  P.  M. 

(Auditorium.) 

Hon.  J.  Frank  Hanly,  Governor  of  Indiana,  lecture,  subject,  "The 
Patriotism  of  Peace." 

Governor  Hanly  will  be  introduced  by  Governor  Hoch. 

WEDNESDAY,  MAY  17,  1905,  8 :  00  A.  M. 

(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

WEDNESDAY,  2 :  00  p.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

WEDNESDAY,  7 :  30  P.  M. 

(Auditorium.*) 

Lecture,  Rev.  L.  S.  Cornell,  D.  D.,  Denver,  Colorado,  subject,  "The 
Moral  Evolution  of  Man." 

THURSDAY,  MAY  18,  1905,  8 :  00  A.  M. 

(House  of  Representatives.') 
Bishop  J.  S.  Mills,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

THURSDAY,  2 :  00  P.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  J.  S.  Mills,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

18 


UNITED  BRETHREN  IN  CHRIST 

THURSDAY,  7 :  00  P.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 

"Prison  Work,"  twenty  minutes'   address,  by  Rev.   E.  A.  Freden- 
hagen,  National  Secretary  of  Society  of  Friendless. 
Y.  P.  C.  U.  rally,  Rev.  J.  G.  Huber,  A.  M.,  presiding. 

FRIDAY,  MAY  19,  1905,  8 :  00  A.  M. 

(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  G.  M.  Mathews,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

FRIDAY,  2 :  00  P.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  G.  M.  Mathews,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

FRIDAY,  7 :  30  P.  M. 

(Auditorium.) 
F,.  \V.  Gunsaulus,  D.  D.,  Chicago,  lecture,  "Savonarola." 

SATURDAY,  MAY  20,  1905. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  N.  Castle,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

SATURDAY,  2 :  00  P.  M. 
(House  of  Representatives.) 
Bishop  N.  Castle,  D.  D.,  presiding. 
Business  session. 

SATURDAY,  7 :  30  P.  M. 

(Auditorium.) 

Smith  Sisters,  concert  and  entertainment,  assisted  by  Quartet  of 
Campbell  College. 

SUNDAY,  MAY  21,  1905,  10:  30  A.  M. 

(Auditorium.) 
Sermon,  Bishop  G.  M.  Mathews,  D.  D. 

SUNDAY,  3 :  00  P.  M. 

(Auditorium.) 
Church-extension  rally,  W.  M.  Weekley,  D.  D.,  presiding. 

SUNDAY,  7 :  30  P.  M. 

(A.uditorium.) 
Evangelistic  meeting,  Rev.  F.  P.  Rosselot. 

19 


•  TWENTY-FOURTH  GENERAL  CONFERENCE 

MONDAY,  MAY  22,  1905,  8 :  00  A.  M. 

{House  of  Representatives.} 
Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart,  D.  I).,  presiding. 
Business  session. 
Mr.  E.  S.  Lorenz  will  be  director  of  music  for  the  Conference. 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  May  I  introduce  at 
this  time  the  page  boys,  Mr.  Chairman  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Yes,  sir. 

DR.  FUNK.  This  is  Master  Ora  Crites,  the  splendid  son  of  the  pas 
tor  of  our  congregation  in  this  city.  I  will  just  have  him  stand  up 
on  this  chair  that  you  may  all  see  him.  [Applause.]  He  will  serve  you 
on  this  side  (the  left)  of  the  house.  On  the  other  side  of  the  house, 
we  have  here  a  splendid  young  man,  Lowell  Hoatson,  who  may  stand 
on  this  chair,  if  he  will,  and  you  will  see  him.  He  will  gladly  do  your 
bidding,  and  I  am  sure  he  will  serve  you  well.  I  would  like  to  have 
the  pages  distribute  the  programs  which  were  approved  just  a  mo 
ment  ago. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Can  we  at  this  time  determine  what  shall 
constitute  the  bar  of  this  Conference? 

REV.  L.  W.  STAIIL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman,  I 
move  you  that  this  Conference  be  governed  by  the  rules  by  which  the 
last  General  Conference  was  governed,  and  that  will  settle  the  ques 
tion. 

The  motion  was  seconded. 

REV.  D.  R.  MILLKR,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman,  it 
seems  to  me,  at  this  stage  in  the  Conference,  at  this  stage  in  the 
history  of  this  Church,  that  we  need  to  look  at  these  rules  a  little  be 
fore  we  adopt  them.  We  have  been  adopting  them  a  number  of  times 
at  sessions  of  this  Conference,  and  therefore  no  revision  and  exten 
sion  have  been  made.  I  move  that  these  rules  be  referred  to  a  com 
mittee  of  eight,  to  be  appointed  by  the  bishops,  and  to  consist  of  four 
ministers  and  four  laymen,  one  each  from  the  respective  bishops'  dis 
tricts,  and  that  such  committee  be  requested  to  report  to  this  Confer 
ence  to-morrow  morning  at  the  opening  of  its  session. 

DR.  FUNK.    Mr.  Chairman,  I  second  the  motion. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  has  been  moved  and  .seconded  as  you 
have  heard.  Is  this  to  take  the  place  of  a  substitute,  or  do  you  so 
move  that  it  be  referred  to  the  committee? 

20 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

REV.  L.  W.  STAHL.    I  will  withdraw  my  motion. 
THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    That  is  very  good.    The  motion  is  now  that 
there  be  a  committee  of  eight  persons  appointed,  two  selected  from 
each  bishop's  district,  one  layman  and  one  minister,  and  that  these 
report  back  not  later  than — when  ? 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER.  To-morrow  morning  at  the  opening  of  the  ses 
sion. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.     Are  you  ready  to  vote?    All  favoring  this 
motion  signify  by  uplifted  hands.    All  opposed,  like  sign.    It  prevails. 
DR.  FUNK.     Mr.  Chairman,  I  move  that  this  floor  be  considered  the 
bar  of  this  Conference. 
The  motion  was  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded  that  this  floor 
be  considered  the  bar  of  this  Conference.  As  many  as  are  in  favor 
of  this  give  your  consent  by  uplifted  hands.  All  opposed,  like  sign. 
It  prevails. 

REV.  II.  J.  GUNNELS,  of  Missouri  Conference.  I  would  like  to  ask  a 
question.  Will  it  exclude  the  visitors  from  this  floor? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  If  the  room  is  not  'all  occupied,  courtesy 
would  give  it  to  the  visitors.  I  would  think  it  would  be  a  good  idea 
for  all  the  delegates  to  take  the  front  seats  and  leave  the  space  in  the 
rear  to  be  occupied  by  persons  who  may  be  transiently  here. 

DR.  L.  S.  CORNELL,  of  Colorado  Conference.  I  believe  that  there 
ought  to  be  a  motion  passed!  by  this  house  to  have  some  means  of 
designating  the  different  conferences;  a  card  prepared  and  placed  in 
such  a  way  that  each  conference  as  to  its  location,  not  only  can  be  seen 
by  the  chair,  but  by  the  members  of  the  Conference.  It  seerns  to  me 
something  of  that  kind  should  be  done  here;  and  Colonel  Cowden, 
who  is  very  handy  with  the  brush,  has  said  to  me  that  he  would  be 
very  glad  to  prepare  the  cardboard  for  each  conference.  It  could  be 
attached  to  a  small  piece  of  lath  or  something  of  that  kind  and  fas 
tened  to  the  chair,  so  that  it  could  be  seen.  Now  I  move  that  Brother 
Cowden  be  chairman  of  that  committee,  and  two  local  persons  be  ap 
pointed  to  assist. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.     The  suggestion  of  Dr.  Cornell  is  that  Col 
onel  Cowden  be  requested  to  prepare  cards  designating  each  confer 
ence,  and  that  he  is  to  seek  such  assistance  as  he  may  require.     Is 
there  a  second  to  this  motion? 
The  motion  was  seconded. 

21 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  All  favoring  this  will  lift  their  hand.  Any 
opposed  to  it,  like  sign.  It  prevails. 

DR.  D.  W.  SPRINKLE,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  I  think  now  I  can 
see  an  advantage  in  this.  While  we  have  voted  that  the  floor  be  the 
bar,  I  would  suggest  that,  as  we  have  small  delegations,  that  Colonel 
Cowden  arrange  them  in  the  center,  so  it  will  leave  space  at  the  rear 
and  at  the  sides.  That  will  leave  the  visitors  a  place  for  themselves, 
and  they  will  not  be  embarrassed,  and  we  will  not  be  embarrased.  In 
that  way  the  Conference  will  have  a  bar  and  also  a  place  for  the 
visitors. 

KEV.  G.  H.  HINTON,  of  Neosho  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman,  there 
is  a  gallery  for  our  visitors.  I  am  not  sure  we  have  as  much  room  as 
Dr.  Sprinkle  indicates. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  What  is  your  further  pleasure?  Anything 
further  in  the  line  of  miscellaneous  business  ? 

REV.  J.  H.  SNYDER.  I  would  like  to  make  a  suggestion,  that  when 
these  reports  are  circulated  a  copy  be  sent  to  the  secretary.  I  fail 
to  get  these  reports,  and  oftentimes  you  proceed  with  them,  and  if 
they  are  not  in  my  hands  it  makes  delay.  I  also  include  the  recording- 
secretary;  that  is,  if  I  am  to  be  your  secretary,  or  whoever  is  your 
secretary. 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK.  I  would  like  to  say  in  connection  with  what  Dr. 
Snyder  has  said  that  the  Publishing  House  has  provided  blanks  for 
the  resolutions,  and  if  you  will  ask  the  pages  for  these  blanks,  you 
can  have  them.  Also,  paper  has  been  provided  for  the  preparing  of 
committee's  reports  instead  of  having  them  come  in  on  miscellaneous 
pieces  of  paper.  The  Publishing  House  will  furnish  you  this  paper 
prepared  for  that  purpose.  I  also  have  here  Disciplines  to  supply  to 
the  delegates,  and  the  proceedings  of  the  last  General  Conference,  a 
copy  for  each  delegation,  and  Mr.  Senseny,  Superintendent  of  the 
Circulation  Department  of  the  Publishing  House,  will  furnish  the 
delegates  and  the  committees  with  these  blanks. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  following  will  compose  the  Committee 
on  Rules  of  Order,  which  you  provided  for:  Rev.  A.  P.  Funkhouser, 
Prof.  E.  B.  Bierman,  Rev.  D.  R.  Miller,  S.  E.  Kumler,  Rev.  J.  A.  F. 
King,  Rev.  George  Geiger,  Prof.  Mark  Keppel,  and  W.  O.  Zeigler. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  hold  a  little  request  in  my  hand,  Lay 
delegates  are  requested  to  meet  immediately  after  adjournment  of  this 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

meeting  in  this  room.  Signed  by  Dr.  E.  R.  Smith,  Hon.  Matt  Ed 
monds,  and  Prof.  E.  S.  Lorenz. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  have  the  pleasure  to  announce  to  you 
that  Dr.  J.  H.  Snyder  and  Eugene  Schaeffer  have  been  elected  as  your 
secretary  and  assistant  secretary. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  if  there  is  nothing  else  of  a  miscel 
laneous  character,  I  presume  the  next  thing  in  order  will  be  the  hear 
ing  of  the  address  that  has  been  prepared,  the  address  of  the  bishops 
to  this  General  Conference.  Will  it  be  your  pleasure  to  hear  that  ad 
dress  at  this  time? 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Bishop  Kephart  will  read  the  address. 

BISHOPS'  QUADRENNIAL  ADDRESS  TO  THE  GENERAL  CONFERENCE  OF  1905. 

BRETHREN  BELOVED:  Grace,  mercy,  and  peace  from  God  the 
Father  Almighty  and  from  Jesus  Christ  our  Lord,  and  from 
the  Holy  Spirit.  Amen.  We,  your  servants,  greet  you  as 
brethren  and  as  the  delegates  chosen  by  the  ministry  and  the 
laity  of  the  Church,  and  as  workers  together  with  us  in  the 
kingdom  and  patience  of  Jesus  our  Lord. 

I.  1.  It  is  but  fitting  that  with  bowed  heads  and  an  abiding 
consciousness  of  the  presence  of  the  indwelling  Christ,  we 
acknowledge  at  the  opening  of  this  quadrennial  session  God 
Almighty  as  our  Father  and  the  keeping  power  of  his  Son,  our 
blessed  Lord,  through  the  most  blessed  Holy  Spirit.  None  of 
us  have  kept  ourselves,  either  in  body  or  spirit,  and  it  is  alone 
through  the  good  mercy  of  the  adorable  Trinity  that  we  are 
permitted  to  honor  God  in  this  presence. 

There  is  a  sense  in  which  this  great  body  is  cosmopolitan, 
for  we  come  here  from  the  East  and  from  the  West,  and  from 
the  North  and  from  the  South,  yet  we  represent  one  common 
cause;  namely,  the  kingdom  of  God  on  earth.  For  its  coming, 
in  its  entirety,  all  eyes  are  turned,  all  hearts  are  uplifted  and 
devout  in  prayer.  Possessed  of  a  consciousness  not  only  that 
the  eye  of  God  is  upon  us,  but  also  that  not  less  than  250,000 
devout  souls  in  the  pews  at  home  are  petitioning  the  Holy 
Spirit  to  guide  our  deliberations  aright,  it  will  doubtless  be  a 
holy  inspiration  to  each  member  of  the  body  in  discharging  the 
trust  committed  to  him ;  and,  as  Christ  is  the  central  truth  in 
the  Christian  system,  so  also  should  the  glory  of  God  and  the 
conversion  of  the  whole  world  be  the  central  thought  and  mo- 

23 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

live  of  all  in  our  deliberations.  More  than  one  hundred  years 
of  human  history  have  been  made  and  written  and  swept  by 
since  we  developed  into  a  distinct  ecclesiastical  organization. 
Should  not  this  fact  remind  us  that  we  are  not  but  of  "yester 
day,"  and  that  God's  seal  that  our  origin  was  wrought  in  him 
is  the  marked  success  which  crowns  our  history.  In  thus  scan 
ning  the  past,  let  us  rejoice  with  trembling,  remembering  our 
delinquencies  and  the  unmeasured  responsibilities  of  the  hour. 
It  is  meet  and  reverent  that  the  Church  in  its  highest  council 
assembled  should  acknowledge  "it  is  God  that  worketh  in 
you  both  to  will  and  to  work,  for  his  good  pleasure";  and 
hence,  "not  unto  us,  O  Lord,  but  unto  thy  name  give  we  glory." 
Thus  recognizing  its  true  source  of  strength,  power,  go  for 
ward,  brethren  beloved  of  the  Lord  and  build  upon  the  founda 
tion  which  others  have  laid,  whose  labors  the  "Head  of  the 
church"  has  so  strangely  yet  so  marvelously  blessed;  "for 
other  foundation  can  no  man  lay  than  that  is  laid,  which  is 
Jesus  Christ." 

2.  At  this  moment  may  we  not  pause  and  ask  whether  we, 
the  professed  servants  of  God,  ministers  and  lay  members  of 
the  Church,  have  a  zeal  and  devoutness  commensurate  with 
those  who  laid  the  foundation,  whether  the  vital  doctrines  and 
principles  of  the  gospel  constitute  the  themes  of  our  messages- 
to  the  lost  and  perishing,  and  whether  our  system  of  itinerancy 
retains  the  purity  and  force  so  characteristic  in  the  primitive 
history  of  our  denomination,  and  whether  the  spirituality  and 
piety  that  obtain  among  us  now  measure  up  to  that  which  ob 
tained    among   the    fathers.      These   are    fundamental    points 
around  which  devout  thought  should  linger,  and  to  which  the 
best  wisdom  of  your  body  should  devote  its  energies. 

3.  While  we  rejoice  with  you,  brethren,  in  this  opening  ses 
sion,  the  first  in  the  history  of  the  denomination  where  equal 
representation  obtains  between  the  ministry  and  the  laity  of 
the  Church,  yet  a  somber  shadow  falls  upon  us.     At  least  ten 
of    our   number   who    sat   with   us    in    this   high    council    of 
the  Church  four  years  ago  in  the  historic  city  of  Frederick,. 
Maryland,  have  been  called  from  labor  to  rest  and  reward; 
from  the  ministerial  ranks,  Bishop  J.  W.  Hott,  D.  D.,  John 
Howe,  K.  P.  Burton,  J.  D.  Broke,  J.  H.  Eichards,  H.  Doty, 
and  J.  D.  Donovan,  and  from  among  the  laymen  John  Dodds, 
C.  Howard,  and  F.  B.  Arford,  all  of  whom  were  devout  follow 
ers  of  their  blessed  Master. 


24 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

For  many  years  Bishop  Hott,  John  Howe,  and  R.  P.  Burton 
sat  in  the  councils  of  the  General  Conference  of  the  Church, 
and  always  proved  themselves  worthy  of  the  confidence  re 
posed  in  them  by  their  constituents  and  the  Church  in  general. 
Their  lives  were  models  of  their  profession  and  worthy  of  imi 
tation  by  their  brethren.  John  Dodds  and  C.  Howard  were 
laymen  well  known%to  the  Church  for  their  bounteous  giving 
to  the  different  benevolences  of  the  Church  and  their  zeal  as 
laymen  in  the  spread  of  the  gospel  among  men.  Brother 
Dodds  especially  was  a  generous  giver  to  the  cause  of  missions, 
to  church  erection,  and  to  the  different  departments  of  our 
educational  work  and  to  other  benevolences.  These  servants  of 
God  were  efficient  in  church  work  and  competent  officers  and 
earnest,  followers  of  the  Lord  Jesus.  They  all  "died  in  the 
faith,"  and  gained  "the  city  whose  builder  and  maker  is  God." 

4.  The  Church  mourns  the  loss  of  its  beloved  Bishop  Hott, 
who  was  so  bright,  so  genial,  and  so  devout  and  untiring  in 
the  Church,  to  the  service  of  which  he  devoted  his  whole  life. 
His  death  left  his  district,  the  Central,  without  a  bishop.    The 
remaining  members   of   your   Board   took   measures   at   once, 
under  disciplinary  provisions,  to  supply  the  vacancy,  which  re 
sulted  in  the  election  of  Dr.  George  M.  Mathews  as  bishop  of 
the  Central  District. 

5.  Through  the  great  mercy  of  the  Almighty  God  we  most 
gratefully  record  the  fact  that  the  bishops  have  presided  at  all 
the  sessions  of  the  annual  conferences  in  the  United  States, 
Territories,  and  Canada,  except  in  several  instances  on  the  Cen 
tral  District,  owing  to  the  affliction  of  Bishop  Hott,  but  in  all 
these  instances  other  brethren  presided.   The  annual  sessions  of 
the  mission  districts  were  also  held  by  the  bishops  so  far  as 
possible;  otherwise  by  some  general  officer  of  the  Church  or  a 
brother  recommended  by  the  bishop  of  the  district.     In  1903, 
Bishop  J.  S.  Mills,  in  accord  with  the  regulations  of  the  Board 
of  Missions,  visited  our  missions  in  Africa  and  presided  at  the 
conference  while  there ;  and  it  was  his  intention  also  to  visit 
our  missions  in  Japan  and  China,  but,  the  war  breaking  out 
in  the  Far  East,  it  was  deemed  not  advisable  to  attempt  to 
make  the  trip.     The  report  of  this  visit  has  been  made  to  the 
Church  at  large  through  the  Board  of  Missions,  and  will  be 
submitted  to  you  by  the  Secretary  of  the  Board  himself. 

6.  Under  the  enabling  act  of  the   General  Conference  of 
1901,  during  the  same  year  the  Georgia   Conference  was  or- 

25 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

ganized.  Also  under  an  enabling  act  of  the  above-named  Gen 
eral  Conference  the  Kentucky  Mission  District  was  developed 
into  a  conference  at  its  fall  session  in  1901.  These  two  con 
ferences,  not  strong  at  their  organization,  now  give  evidence 
of  much  vigor  and  promise  for  the  future.  It  would  doubtless 
be  wise  for  you  and  for  the  future  of  the  Church  which  you 
represent  to  formulate  the  law  more  specifically  under  which 
a  conference  may  be  organized,  and  to  state  more  definitely  by 
whom  and  under  what  circumstances. 

1.  In  accord  with  your  action  four  years  ago,  which  created 
your  Board  of  Bishops  a  committee  to  confer  with  sister 
churches  on  the  subject  of  church  union  or  federation,  we  are 
pleased  to  state  the  following  results:  Having  received  pro 
posals  for  a  conference  from  three  sister  denominations ;  name 
ly,  the  Congregational,  the  Methodist  Protestant,  and  the 
Christian  churches,  we  proceeded  to  appoint  a  committee  of 
thirteen  members  to  meet  a  like  committee  from  the  other  three 
denominations  named,  which  committees  met  in  joint  session 
in  Pittsburg,  Pa.,  April  22,  23,  1903.  At  the  first  meeting  a 
sub-committee  of  five,  chosen  from  the  original  thirteen  of 
each  committee,  was  appointed  to  meet  in  Washington,  D.  C., 
May  2Y  and  28,  1903,  and  to  formulate  the  details  of  the  plan 
agreed  upon  and  to  report  to  the  full  committee,  which  was 
called  for  its  final  meeting  in  Pittsburg,  Pa.,  July  1,  1903.  At 
this  meeting  all  the  questions  of  the  federation  were  carefully 
gone  over  and  unanimously  adopted  by  the  full  committee. 

The  "Church  Union  Syllabus  and  Pastoral  Letter"  will  be 
submitted  to  you  in  due  form  at  the  proper  time  for  your  ac 
tion.  It  is  as  follows : 

To  the  National  Council  of  the  Congregational  churches,  the  General 

Conference  of  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church,  and  the  General 

Conference  of  the   United  Brethren  in   Christ: 

DEAR  BRETHREN  :  The  undersigned  have  been  acting  as  a  commit 
tee  under  the  authority  of  your  respective  bodies  for  the  purpose  of 
considering  the  question  of  uniting  these  bodies. 

The  first  meeting  was  held  in  Pittsburg,  April  22  and  23.  1903, 
where  the  whole  question  was  thoroughly  discussed,  both  in  con 
ferences  between  the  committees  meeting  each  other  separately  and 
in  joint  conferences. 

A  committee  was  appointed  at  this  meeting  to  formulate  the 
details  of  the  plan  agreed  upon  and  report  to  the  full  committee. 

This  sub-committee,  consisting  of  five  from  each  committee,  met 
in  Washington,  D.  C.,  May  27  and  28,  1903,  and  agreed  upon  a  re 
port  to  the  full  committee,  which  was  called  for  its  final  meeting  at 
Pittsburg,  July  1,  1903.  At  this  meeting  the  various  questions 

26 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

relating  to  the  matter  of  union  were  gone  over  very  thoroughly,  and 
the  committee  now  respectfully  submits  the  results  of  their  delib 
erations  : 

1.  We  are  agreed  that  the  formulated  statements  of  doctrine  as 
held  by  each  of  these  bodies    at  present  are  essentially  the  same  ;  and 
we  affirm  them  all  as  expressing  "the  truth  as  it  is  in  Jesus." 

2.  We   are    agreed   that   these   bodies   shall   retain    their   present 
name  and  their  autonomy  in  respect  to  all  local  affairs,  but  that  they 
add  to  their  official  title  the  words,  "in  affiliation  with  the  General 
Council  of  the  United  Churches." 

3.  We  recommend  that  these  bodies  authorize  the  creation  of  a 
General  Council,  composed  of  representatives  elected  from  their  re 
spective  bodies,  on  the  basis  of  one  representative  for  every  five  thou 
sand  members. 

4.  The   powei-s   of   the    General    Council    shall   be   advisory,    and 
any  recommendation  it  may  make  shall  be  referred  to  the  constitu 
ent  bodies  for  approval. 

5.  A   committee   of   three  from   each   of   the   general   bodies   rep 
resented  shall  be  appointed  to  arrange  for  the  time  and  place  of  the 
first  meeting  of  the   General  Council. 

G.  At  the  first  session  of  the  General  Council,  a  temporary 
organization  shall  be  effected  by  the  election  of  a  chairman  and  secre 
tary  ;  and  the  Council  itself  shall  determine  the  officers  it  may  need 
and  the  manner  of  permanent  organization  it  may  prefer. 

7.  The  purposes  of  the  General  Council  shall  be  : 

(1)  To  present,  as  far  as  we  possibly  can,  a  realization  of  that 
unity  which  seems  so  greatly  desired  by  Christian  churches. 

(2)  To    promote    a    better    knowledge    and    a    closer    fellowship 
among   the    Christian    bodies   thus   uniting. 

(3)  To    secure    the    coordination    and    unification    of    the    three 
bodies  in  evangelistic,  educational,  and  missionary  work. 

(4)  To  adopt  a  plan  by  which  the  three  bodies  may  be  brought 
into  coordinate  activity  and  organic  unity,  a  unity  representing  some 
form  of  connectionalism. 

(5)  To  prevent  the  unnecessary  multiplication  of  churches;   to 
unite  weak  churches  of  the  same  neighborhood  wherever  it  is  prac 
ticable,  and  to  invite  and  encourage  the  affiliation  with  this  Council 
of  other  Christian  bodies  cherishing  a  kindred  faith  and  purpose. 

8.  Your  committee  has  also   united  in  a  letter  addressed  to  our 
churches  at  large,  which  we  append,  as  explaining  somewhat  more 
fully  the  conclusions  we  have  reached  in  our  deliberations,  and  we 
submit   our  whole  work  with  the  prayer   and   hope  that  it  may  be 
approved  by  you,  and  promote  the  coming  of  the  kingdom  of  God. 

LETTER    TO    THE    CHURCHES. 

» 

To  the  Members  of   the   Congregational,   the  Methodist  Protestant, 

and  the  United  Brethren  Churches: 

DEAR  BRETHREN  :  The  general  committee  appointed  by  your 
national  bodies  to  confer  together  concerning  the  union  of  the  three 
denominations,  have  had  repeated  meetings  and  extended  and  care 
ful  consultation  upon  the  subject  committed  to  them.  All  these  con 
ferences  have  been  pervaded  by  the  spirit  of  unity  and  fraternity. 
Practical  difficulties  have  been  recognized  and  frankly  discussed, 

27 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

but  we  have  not  faltered  in  the  belief  that  they  may  be  overcome. 

Doctrinal  differences  did  not  appear.  In  our  beliefs  we  are  in 
essential  harmony.  With  respect  to  forms  of  church  organization 
and  methods  of  work,  there  are  diversities,  and  for  the  removal 
or  adjustment  of  these,  time  and  patience  will  be  needed.  But  we 
believe  it  is  possible  for  the  three  denominations  to  form,  at  an 
early  day,  not  merely  a  goodly  fellowship,  but  a  compact  union,  by 
means  of  which  unnecessary  divisions  and  frictions  may  be  avoided, 
and  force  economized  in  the  common  work  of  the  kingdom. 

We  believe  that  the  mission  and  educational  boards  of  the  three 
denominations  should,  as  soon  as  possible,  form  a  working  agree 
ment  by  which  they  may  be  coordinated  in  service,  and  ultimately 
united.  It  will  be  well  for  the  officers  of  these  boards  to  enter  into 
correspondence  with  this  end  in  view. 

Weak  churches  could  often  be  united,  with  gains  to  the  kingdom 
of  God ;  and  members  from  any  church,  removing  to  homes  in  the 
neighborhood  of  either  of  the  affiliated  churches,  could  be  cordially 
commended  to  their  fellowship. 

By  proper  methods  of  correspondence,  ministers  could  pass  from 
one  denomination  to  another,  thus  facilitating  the  supply  of  vacant 
churches. 

Other  practical  methods  of  united  work  will,  undoubtedly,  sug 
gest  themselves,  as  we  come  to  know  one  another  better.  And  all 
these  things  would  be  preliminary  to  and  preparatory  for  that  com 
plete  unity  in  the  organization  and  working  of  all  our  ecclesiastical 
bodies,  local,  state,  and  national,  which  in  all  our  consultation  we 
have  had  constantly  in  view.  The  method  which  we  recommend, 
by  which  such  practical  unity  may  be  secured,  is  the  formation  of  a 
national  body,  to  be  called  "The  General  Council  of  the  United 
Churches,"  to  meet  once  in  three  or  four  years,  in  which  each  of  the 
denominations  shall  be  proportionately  represented. 

The  purpose  of  this  General  Council  should  be  to  study  the 
things  that  make  for  unity  and  peace,  to  promote  fraternal  and  help 
ful  relations  among  all  the  churches,  and  to  formulate  and  recom 
mend  to  the  churches  methods  by  which  such  cooperations  as  are 
named  above  could  be  carried  into  effect.  Such  a  council  would 
have  only  advisory  powers ;  nothing  could  be  done  without  the 
agreement  of  all  the  constituent  bodies. 

To  give  definiteness  to  our  suggestion,  we  have  recommended  that 
the  General  Council  consist  of  one  delegate  for  every  five  thousand 
members,  the  choice  to  be  made  by  such  methods  as  the  national 
body  of  each  denomination  shall  direct. 

We  have  recommended  that  the  details  of  its  organization  be  left 
to  the  General  Council ;  and  that,  if  the  several  national  bodies 
shall  approve  this  plan,  a  committee  of  three  be  appointed  by  each 
of  them,  which  committee  shall,  by  conference  or  correspondence, 
arrange  for  the  time  and  place  of  the  first  meeting  of  the  General 
Council. 

We  have  recommended  that,  if  possible,  the  national  meetings  of 
the  several  denominations  be  held  at  the  same  time  and  place  as 
that  of  the  General  Council,  the  same  delegates  being  chosen  for  both 
services ;  and  that  frequent  recesses  of  the  council  be  taken,  to  allow 
of  the  holding  of  the  necessary  business  meetings  of  the  constituent 
bodies. 

28 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

We  recommend  that  State,  district,  and  local  organizations  of  the 
three  denominations,  ministers'  meetings  in  the  cities,  Sunday-school 
and  Young  People's  conventions  plan,  as  far  as  practicable,  for  meet 
ings  at  the  same  time  and  place,  and,  where  that  is  not  feasible,  for 
exchange  of  fraternal  delegations. 

We  recommend  the  exchange  or  interchange  of  literature  to  the 
end  that  the  membership  of  our  respective  bodies  may  be  informed 
fully  with  regard  to  this  great  movement,  that  each  may  become 
familiar  with  the  spirit,  polity,  and  methods  of  the  others,  and  that 
the  church  life  of  all  may  be  broadened. 

It  will  be  seen  that  your  committee  has  in  view  a  working  union, 
which  is  much  more  than  federation  ;  which  contemplates  large  and 
important  combinations  of  resources  and  efforts,  and  which  looks 
toward  organic  unity.  It  is  surely  not  impossible  that  these  denomi 
nations,  standing  together,  consulting  together,  and  seeking  first, 
not  Methodist  Protestantism,  nor  United  Brethrenism,  nor  Congre 
gationalism,  but  the  kingdom  of  God  and  his  righteousness,  will  be 
able  to  find  ways  by  which  they  may  adjust  their  differences  of  local 
administration,  and  unite  their  forces  all  along  the  line.  Each 
would  make  some  concessions  for  the  common  good,  and  each  might 
receive  valuable  contributions  of  practical  wisdom  from  the  others. 

We  are  sure  that  in  making  these  earnest  endeavors  after  unity 
we  are  only  following  the  revealed  will  of  Him  whose  we  are  and 
whom  we  serve  ;  and  we  know  that  the  people  of  the  churches  whom 
we  represent  strongly  desire  that  such  an  answer  to  our  Lord's 
prayer  for  his  disciples  be  not  delayed.  They  would  not  "forgive  us 
if  we  failed  to  find  some  way  by  which  this  hope  of  theirs  could  be 
realized. 

We  therefore  heartily  and  prayerfully  recommend  to  the  three 
bodies  to  which  this  committee  owes  its  existence — the  General  Con 
ference  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ,  the  General  Conference 
of  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church,  and  the  Triennial  Council  of 
the  Congregational  Churches,  that,  at  their  next  meetings,  they  care 
fully  consider  and  act  upon  the  suggestions  of  this  report ;  and  we 
trust  that  in  all  the  State  and  local  bodies  of  the  three  denomina 
tions,  and  in  the  newspapers  representing  them,  and  in  the  pulpits 
and  the  prayer-meetings  of  the  churches  themselves,  this  report  and 
its  recommendations  may  be  studied  with  earnest  prayer  that  the 
spirit  of  truth  and  unity  may  guide  us  to  results  which  shall  be  for 
the  glory  of  God  and  the  peace  and  prosperity  of  his  church  on  the 
earth. 

Here  we  should  say  that,  at  the  first  meeting  of  the  commit 
tee  in  Pittsburg,  the  Christian  Church  ceased  to  further  co 
operate  with  the  committee.  Already  the  syllabus  has  been  sub 
mitted  to  and  adopted  by  the  National  Council  of  the  Congre 
gational  churches  and  the  General  Conference  of  the  Methodist 
Protestant  Church.  Is  not  the  handwriting  of  the  coming 
of  the  kingdom  seen  upon  the  wall  in  this  syllabus  of  a  feder 
ated  union? 

II.  The  state  of  the  Church  now  is  such  that  we  can  record 
and  report  to  you,  her  representatives,  that  great  peace  from 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

God  the  Father  Almighty  prevails  throughout  her  borders. 
The  storm  of  destructive  criticism,  growing  out  of  the  old 
dead  Greek  evolution  and  philosophy,  revived  by  scientists, 
falsely  so  called,  during  the  latter  half  of  the  last  century,  has 
not  affected  us  much  as  a  denomination.  The  shock  which  it 
produced  in  the  Christian  world,  and  which  swept  many  half 
hearted  believers  from  their  mooring,  is  about  gone,  and  evolu 
tion  and  higher  criticism,  as  advanced  and  advocated  by  the 
supercilious,  is  now  becoming  a  system  of  the  past,  but  "never 
theless  the  foundation  of  God  standeth  sure."  During  its 
fiercest  rage  and  storm  the  kingdom  of  God  knew  no  abate 
ment,  and  we  face  the  first  decade  of  the  twentieth  century 
with  more  than  500,000,000  believers  in  the  Son  of  God. 

It  may  be  said  in  truth  and  thanksgiving  to  God  that  the 
quadrennium  now  closing  marks  one  of  the  most  prosperous  in 
the  history  of  the  denomination.  While  our  people  are  becom 
ing  less  sectarian  and  more  Christlike,  they  at  the  same  time 
are  becoming  more  churchly. 

1.  Our  statistics  to  date  of  1904  show  a  membership  of 
253,641,  and  when  we  take  into  account  the  unprecedented  in 
gatherings  of  the  past  six  months,  we  can  safely  conclude  that, 
at  the  present  sitting  of  this  great  council,  our  membership 
numbers  not  less  than  260,000.  In  our  Y.  P.  C.  U.  the  enroll 
ment  is  63,132.  Our  Sabbath-school  enrollment  is  272,336. 
Our  ministry  numbers  2,394.  While  our  growth  has  been 
steady  and  permanent,  we  rejoice  with  you  that  we  have  en 
tered  the  wave  of  revival  spirit  that  is  now  sweeping  the  Chris 
tian  world;  and,  thank  God,  this  revival  spirit,  which  is  of  the 
Lord,  is  not  new  with  us,  for,  as  a  rule  our  ministry  and  laity 
have  ever  been  born  into  the  kingdom  of  God  in  a  revival.  Our 
financial  prosperity  has  been  more  than  keeping  pace  also  with 
our  numerical  growth. 

Our  missionary  debt  is  paid.  Our  institutions  of  learning 
are  now  practically  out  of  debt.  Our  ministry  is  better  sup 
ported.  More  church  debts  have  been  paid,  and  a  greater  num 
ber  of  better  churches  have  been  built  during  the  quadrennium 
than  in  any  former  one. 

Paid  for  preachers'  salaries,  $2,973,007.96;  for  church  ex 
penses,  $2,628,661.75 ;  for  Sabbath  schools,  $432,105.05 ;  for  mis 
sions,  $404,125.43.  Total  for  all  purposes,  $6,763,691.83.  The 
value  of  our  church  and  parsonage  property  up  to  date  is 
$8,273,470. 

These  statistics  show  that  the  Lord  is  with  us,  and  that  the 

30 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IX   CHRIST 

spirit  of  our  Church  fathers  is  yet  in  our  midst,  and  that  never 
in  the  history  of  the  denomination  was  she  better  organized 
or  so  well  equipped  for  aggressive  work. 

2.  The  Sabbath  school  is  one  of  the  most  important  factors 
in  church  work  of  this  age.     The  religious  instruction  of  the 
children  and  homing  them  in  the  church  of  Christ  has,  as  never 
before,  stirred  the  heart  of  Protestant  Christendom.    The  fact 
that  at  least  four-fifths  of  the  present  Christian  world  became 
Christians  before  they  attained  to  the  age  of  twenty-two  is  a 
startling  one,  and  shows  where  the  fruitful  field  for  work  in 
the  kingdom  of  God  really  is.     What  a  reflection  it  is  upon 
Christian  parental  life  to  rear  a  family  in  sin !     The  work  done 
in  our  Sabbath  schools  is  an  inspiration  of  hope;  but  the  in 
creasing  opportunities   in   this   field  call  loudly   and   promise 
much  for  a  more  vigorous  effort  upon  the  part  of  our  beloved 
Zion  at  this  vital  point  of  church  life,  the  salvation  of  her  chil 
dren. 

As  stated  above,  our  Sabbath-school  enrollment  is  272,336. 
This  exceeds  our  Church  membership.  Oh,  what  a  field  of 
operation  for  God  and  humanity!  The  work  done  in  this  de 
partment  is  more  systematic  than  formerly,  hence  more  satis 
factory,  in  that  a  richer  yield  of  fruit — conversions — is  re 
ported  yearly.  The  system  of  normal  instruction  for  teachers 
in  connection  with  the  various  helps  furnished  them  has  been 
successful  in  bringing  into  the  schools  a  corps  of  instructors 
peculiarly  fitted  for  their  work.  With  pleasure  and  thankful 
ness  to  God,  we  note  the  increase  and  growing  interest  in  Sab 
bath-school  conventions,  in  forming  Bible  classes  for  adults, 
and  the  Cradle  Eoll  for  infants;  and  may  we  not  hope,  breth 
ren,  that  this  conference  will  recommend  to  pastors  and  super 
intendents  the  importance  of  giving  more  attention  to  these  im 
portant  departments  of  their  work. 

3.  The  quadrennium  has  been  one  of  marked  interest  in  our 
mission  fields.     The  union  formed  between  the  Parent  Board 
and  the  Woman's  Board  respecting  our  missions  in  Africa,  un 
der  one  superintendent,  is  a  wise  arrangement,  and  should  re 
ceive  the  hearty  approval  of  the  whole  denomination. 

(1)  The  war  in  the  Far  East  has  been  a  hindrance  to  our 
Japan  mission,  yet  under  the  wise  direction  of  Superintendent 
Howard  and'  wife  the  work  has  been  steadily  pushed  forward 
with  success.  The  failing  health  of  Rev.  J.  Edgar  Knipp  com 
pelled  him  and  his  devoted  wife  to  return  from  Japan  early  in 
the  quadrennium,  and  left  the  mission  short  of  workers.  When 

31 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

peace  comes  to  the  Far  East,  this  great  Empire  of  the  Rising 
Sun  will  afford  one  of  the  most  hopeful  mission  fields  on  earth. 

(2)  Our  mission  work  in  Porto  Rico  is  a  success.     Many 
have  been  won  to  Christ  by  our  faithful  missionaries,  and  the 
work  is  now  on  a  permanent  basis. 

(3)  Africa  is  now  well-nigh  recovered  from  the  shock  of 
the  terrible  war  and  massacre  of  1898  under  the  judicious  su- 
perintendency  of  Brother  King  and  wife.     Not  only  a  large 
per  cent,  of  the  old  charges,  but  also  many  new  fields  have  been 
opened  and  are  now  occupied. 

The  day  schools  and  the  Sabbath  schools  are  again  opened, 
in  which  hundreds  of  heathen  children  are  taught  letters  and 
a  knowledge  of  the  way  of  life  by  men  and  women  of  God.  The 
material  interests  of  the  Church  in  all  of  our  mission  fields 
have  greatly  increased.  Substantial  improvements  have  been 
made  in  the  way  of  house  and  church  building  in  which  to 
live,  to  teach,  and  to  preach,  and  new  farms  are  being  opened 
as  object-lessons  to  the  natives.  In  Freetown,  West  Africa, 
under  the  joint  action  of  the  Parent  Board  and  Woman's 
Board,  aided  by  the  munificent  gift  of  Mr.  F.  Lininger,  the 
Albert  Academy  has  been  established  for  the  higher  education 
and  training  of  the  native  African,  in  his  home  country,  for 
Christian  work  among  his  own  people.  This  school  is  now 
opened,  and  arrangements  are  in  process  for  its  endowment. 

(4)  God  has  been  with  our  people  in  the  Fatherland  and 
greatly  blessed  them  with  true  Christ-life.     We  now  have  in 
that  field  12  pastors,  20  organized  churches,  13  Sabbath  schools 
with  an  enrollment  of  605,  and  a  church  membership  of  972. 

(5)  The  sisters  of  the  Church,  under  the  name  of  the  Wom 
an's  Missionary  Association,  acting  in  accord  with  the  mis 
sionary  authorities  of  the  Church,  are  doing  a  great  and  good 
work  for  our  blessed  Lord.     In  Africa,  in  China,  and  in  the 
Philippine  Islands  their  missions  are  assuming  a  permanent 
form,  and  God  is  most  graciously  blessing  their  labors.     In 
Africa  they  have  not  only  rebuilt  their  property  destroyed  by 
the  war  of  1898,  but  they  have  greatly  enlarged  their  work  and 
built  more  substantially,  and  their  effective  energies  promise 
to  be  a  potent  agency  for  good  among  all  classes  in  this  and 
other  lands.    A  report  in  due  form  will  be  submitted  to  you  by 
this  most  worthy  association. 

(6)  In  our  home  missions,  during  the  quadrennium,  the 
Parent  Board  has  given  support  in  whole  or  in  part  to  about 
seventy  or  more  missionaries  annually,  either  directly  or  in- 

32 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

directly.  These  contributions  have  been  distributed  through 
out  the  Church  in  the  United  States  and  Canada.  This  has 
been  regarded  as  wise  under  our  present  policy,  for  it  has 
strengthened  weak  points  and  enabled  conferences  to  open 
strong  works  in  the  great  centers  of  population  when  otherwise 
it  would  have  been  impossible  to  do  so.  We  must  keep  our 
home  centers  vigorous  and  strong  if  we  would  accomplish  any 
thing  worth  while  in  our  foreign  fields. 

a.  Our  work  on  the  Pacific  Coast  has  taken  on,  to  all  ap 
pearances,  new  life,  and  gives  much  promise  and  hope  for  the 
future.     Our  failure  to  give  sufficient  support  to  competent 
men  in  that  field  has  been  a  mistake,  and,  as  a  result,  some  have 
gone  from  us. 

b.  Work   in   the   Southern   field   is   now   becoming  perma 
nently  organized,  and  some  strong  and  efficient  men  have  been 
added  to  the  ranks  of  the  ministry.    A  number  of  gracious  re 
vivals  have  obtained  in  the  different  conferences  in  this  South 
land  resulting  in  many  accessions  to  the  Church;  and  if  the 
Southern  work  is  duly  supported  and  judiciously  managed,  it 
will  yield  a  great  harvest  to  the  kingdom  of  God.     We  have 
already  entered  and  are  now  established  in  some  of  the  best 
and  leading  cities  of  the  South,  such  cities  as  Louisville,  Ky., 
Knoxville,    Tenn.,    Atlanta,    Ga.,    Jennings,    La.,    and    many 
others.     But  we  would  most  humbly  suggest  to  you  that  our 
Southern,  as  well  as  all  other  of  our  home  and  foreign  missi<   . 
fields,  receive  your  closest  possible  scrutiny,  with  a  view  to  a 
better  understanding  of  their  needs,  and  to  considt/ing  also 
whether  it  would  not  b'e  wise  to  direct  that  the  contributions 
for  foreign  missions  be  taken  separately,  and  that  there  be  no 
division  of  this  fund  for  home  and  frontier  mission  purposes; 
and  also  that  the  home  and  frontier  fund  be  collected  as  such, 
and  no  part  of  this  fund  thus  raised  go  to  foreign  missions. 

(7)  The  organization  of  an  Evangelistic  Committee  under 
the  direction  of  the  Board  of  Missions,  to  conduct  an  evangelis 
tic  revival  movement,  with  Rev.  F.  P.  Rosselot  as  its  director, 
has  been  a  success,  and  a  great  uplift  to  those  sections  of  the 
Church  where  the  evangelists  and  the  Evangelistic  Committee 
have  directed  their  efforts.  A  sum  of  about  $8,000  was  pro 
vided  through  the  committee  to  defray  the  expenses  of  the 
carrying  forward  of  evangelistic  meetings.  This  subject  will 
doubtless  come  before  you  in  due  form  for  your  consideration 
and  action,  and  we  recommend  that  the  quadrennium  upon 

33 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

which  we  are  entering  be  constituted  an  evangelistic  quadren- 
nium. 

In  a  word,  brethren,  we  have  great  cause  for  gratitude  to 
Almighty  God  that  the  reports  coming  from  the  home,  frontier, 
and  foreign  fields  show  that  the  spirit  of  revival  has  been 
poured  upon  the  Church.  Many  of  these  revivals  have  been 
deep  and  abiding,  evincing  the  presence  and  power  of  our 
blessed  Lord.  Let  the  words  of  the  Lord  Jesus,  "Without  me 
ye  can  do  nothing,"  be  upon  the  ear  of  the  Church,  and  her 
watchword  be,  "I  can  do  all  things  through  Christ,  which 
strengtheneth  me." 

4.  The  Church-Erection   Society  in  this  closing  quadren 
nium  has  grown  beyond  the  expectation  of  the  most  sanguine. 
Its  funds  now  amount  to  more  than  $100,000,  and  its  beneficence 
is  felt  throughout  the  denomination.  Weak  churches  have  been 
strengthened,  and  new  ones  have  been  built  in  the  great  cen 
ters  of  population  by  aid  from  this  fund;  and  yet  many  of 
the  most  promising  fields  are  now  open  to  us  as  a  denomina 
tion,  but  a  lack  of  means  to  build  forbids  us  to  enter.    And  is 
not  the  time  here  when  we  should  arrange  for  a  separate  fund 
from  which  aid  might  be  given  to  assist  in  establishing  the 
Church  where,  without  such  aid,  we  are  helpless  ?     Surely  the 
time  is  here  and  our  people  have  the  means  and  a  mind  to  give. 
May  we  not  hope  that  in  the  quadrennium  upon  which  we  are 
about  to  enter  we  shall  see  yet  greater  results  in  this  depart 
ment  of  our  Zion  ? 

5.  The  Young  People's  Christian  Union,  like  the  Sabbath 
school,  is  vital  to  the  church  of  Christ  ih  this  age.     Organiza 
tion  is  the  watchword  of  this  rushing,  thinking  hour.     Save  all 
the  young,  and  in  a  generation  the  world  will  be  brought  to 
Christ.     This  is  possible  if  each  professed  disciple  of  Christ 
will  discharge  his  duty  to  his  Lord  as  his  Lord  wrought  for 
him  on  Calvary.     Brethren,  this  possibility  thrills  me.     Does 
it  not  you?    At  the  present  these  societies  number  1,560,  with 
a  membership  of  about  80,000.    What  an  army  of  young  people 
for  the  Lord !    Through  their  efforts  not  a  few  of  our  important 
churches  have  received  financial  aid.     The  conventions  held  in 
Lebanon,  Pa.,  and  in  Warsaw,  Ind.,  during  the  quadrennium 
were  meetings  of  great  power.     The  cultivation  of  Christian 
giving,  as  taught  in  the  Word  of  God  by  the  society,  is  now 
beginning  to  be  felt  throughout  the  whole  denomination.     Its 
paper,  the  Watchword,  has  grown  so  marvelously  that  its  cir 
culation  now  numbers  33,000.    But  is  it  not  probable,  after  all, 

34 


UXiTKD    BRETHREN    !N    CHRIST 

that  only  a  part  of  our  ministry  and  laity  are  really  awake  to 
the  utility  and  possibilities  of  this  arm  of  the  Church  for  work 
in  the  Master's  kingdom  ? 

6.  We  record  with  great  pleasure  the  increased  and  en 
larged  prosperity  of  our  Publishing  House.  The  great  work 
done  in  this  broad  field  of  usefulness  during  the  quadrennium 
is  most  satisfactory  indeed.  The  report  of  the  Publishing 
Agent  will  show  that  almost  the  entire  sum  ($50,000)  ordered 
by  the  General  Conference  of  1901  to  be  distributed  among 
the  conferences  of  the  Chruch  for  support  of  worn-out 
preachers,  their  widows  and  orphans,  has  been  paid,  while  many 
thousands  more  have  been  wisely  expended  in  increasing  the 
facilities  for  greater  and  more  effective  work.  But  while  there 
has  been  a  steady  increase  in  the  circulation  of  our  periodicals 
and  books  as  a  whole  among  our  people,  yet  we  are  not  blind  to 
the  fact  that  but  a  small  per  cent,  of  our  Church  literature  is 
read  by  many  of  our  church  members,  and  as  a  result  of  this 
inexcusable  neglect  many,  very  many  of  our  children  and 
youth  of  the  Church  are  growing  up  destitute  of  a  knowledge 
of  the  history,  doctrine,  and  government  of  the  Church.  We 
note,  however,  with  great  satisfaction  the  zeal,  energy,  and  ef 
ficiency  of  our  editors  and  Publishing  Agent  in  bringing  their 
publications  up  to  the  high  standard  necessary  to  meet  the 
wants  of  this  age  of  thought  and  investigation,  and  make  their 
work  acceptable  to  the  Church. 

Through  the  enterprise  of  the  Publishing  Agent  and  his  help 
ers  two  series  of  valuable  books  have  been  published,  especially 
adapted  to  the  Church.  The  first  of  the  series  is  strictly  doc 
trinal;  the  second  is  devotional.  These  books  had  a  commend 
able  sale,  and  show  that  our  people  are  becoming  a  reading  and 
thoughtful  people. 

The  advance  in  real  merit,  as  well  as  the  largely-increased 
circulation  of  the  Religious  Telescope,  the  Watchword,  the 
Froeliche  Botscliafter,  the  Children's  Friend,  the  Searchlight, 
and  the  United  Brethren  Review,  together  with  our  Bible 
Teacher,  Our  Bible  Lesson  Quarterly,  Home  Department 
Quarterly,  Lessons  for  the  Little  Ones,  Our  Weekly  Bible 
Lesson  Leaves,  and  all  the  other  Sabbath-school  helps  is  not 
only  indeed  truly  gratifying,  but  also  a  fair  promise  of  yet 
greater  prosperity  in  the  future.  Aside  from  the  Word  of  God 
and  the  blessed  Holy  Spirit,  there  is  no  element  of  strength 
more  potent  in  denominational  life  to  preserve  unity  in  doc 
trine  and  spirit  than  pure,  wholesome  literature  diffused  among 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

the  membership.  What  this  General  Conference  may  or  can 
do  to  vitalize  this  strong  arm  of  church  power  will  be  for  .the 
glory  of  God  and  the  bringing  in  of  his  blessed  reign  among 
men. 

To  avoid  prolixity  and  not  weary  you  in  this  address,  we 
humbly  refer  you  to  the  report  of  your  Trustees  and  your  Pub 
lishing  Agent,  which  will  be  submitted  to  you  in  due  form  at 
the  proper  time. 

7.  A  preparation  for  life's  work  is  of  first  importance. 
Whether  the  architect,  the  hod-carrier,  the  man  who  lays  the 
brick  or  shoves  the  plane,  whether  the  teacher,  the  doctor,  the 
judge,  or  the  preacher,  he  must  prepare  for  his  work  if  he 
would  do  it  well.  That  schools  of  learning  are  the  best  places 
for  this  elementary  training  is  no  longer  a  debatable  question, 
for  with  us  as  a  denomination  that  problem  has  been  wisely 
solved.  In  the  last  quarter  of  a  century  the  educational  work 
of  the  Church  has  made  commendable  advancement. 

(1)  The  increase  of  patronage  in  all  our  schools  is  very 
marked  and  justly  inspires  hope.    The  large  number  of  young 
men  and  young  women  who  have  been  educated  in  our  institu 
tions,  and  have  entered  the  ranks  of  the  sacred  ministry  and 
other  departments  of  church  work,  are  adding  new  life  and 
giving  great  strength  to  our  department  of  the  kingdom  of  God. 

It  is  with  joy  of  heart  that  we  record  the  fact  that,  if  possi 
ble,  more  than  ever  supreme  importance  and  stress  is  laid  upon 
the  vital  religious  training  and  life  of  the  students  in  our  in 
stitutions  of  learning.  In  many  of  them  the  Bible  is  just  as 
systematically  taught  as  are  any  of  the  natural  sciences  or 
other  branches  of  study  by  a  special  professor  prepared  for 
Biblical  teaching.  A  department  of  this  character  should  be 
in  every  school  in  the  land. 

(2)  Moreover,  brethren,  we  are  conscious  that  you  are  de 
lighted  with  the  growing  interest  among  our  people  in  the  cause 
of  higher  Christian  education  and  the  increased  per  cent,  of 
our  young  people  now  in  the  schools  of  the  Church. 

Four  years  ago,  in  Frederick,  Maryland,  the  General  Confer 
ence  there  assembled  constituted  this  an  educational  quadren- 
nium,  for  the  lifting  of  the  debts  of  our  schools  and  their  bet 
ter  endowment.  The  end  in  view  has  been  largely  realized. 
The  cumbersome  debts  which  have  been  embarrassing  these  in 
stitutions  for  so  many  years  are  now  paid  or  at  least  so  com 
pletely  under  control  that  they  have  ceased  to  be  troublesome 
factors.  The  Seminary  at  Dayton,  Ohio,  which  is  directly 

36 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

under  your  control,  will  by  your  financial  manager  be  reported 
"out  of  debt."  Otterbein  University  is  out  of  debt.  The  same 
is  true  of  York  College,  Philomath,  Westfield,  and  Western 
colleges.  The  same  is  about  true  of  White  Pine,  Sugar  Grove, 
and  all  other  of  our  seminaries  and  academies.  Lebanon  Valley 
College  has  more  than  provided  for  her  debt  by  the  raising  of 
$50,000  for  the  debt  and  improvements ;  but  on  Christmas  eve, 
1904,  from  some  unknown  origin  a  fire  consumed  the  Adminis 
tration  Building  of  the  college,  at  a  cost  of  about  $80,000.  Its 
insurance  was  $48,950.  Through  the  benevolence  of  Mr.  Car 
negie's  gift  of  $50,000,  conditioned  on  the  Church's  raising  $50,- 
000,  which  is  being  rapidly  accomplished,  the  institution  is 
enabled  to  rebuild  at  a  cost  of  about  $125,000,  which  will  in 
clude  Administration  Building,  Mens'  Dormitory,  Science 
Building,  Ladies'  Hall,  and  heating  plant.  These  buildings 
are  now  well  under  way  of  construction.  Through  the  gen 
erosity  of  Brother  John  Hulitt  York  College  has  built  and  paid 
for  a  conservatory  of  music,  and  Otterbein  University  is  now 
erecting  a  magnificent  Ladies'  Hall,  the  result  of  a  gift  of  a. 
friend.  Also,  the  three  conferences  of  Indiana;  namely,  the> 
White  Kiver,  the  St.  Joseph,  and  Southern  Indiana,  through 
the  generosity  of  Mr.  William  L.  Elder,  of  the  city  of  Indian 
apolis,  has  come  into  possession  of  a  magnificent  new  college 
building  and  property  worth  $60,000. 

At  Lawrenceburg,  Tennessee,  we  now  have  an  excellent 
school  property  worth  about  $10,000.  On  this  property  there 
is  yet  some  debt.  The  school  is  under  the  management  of 
President  Tyler  and  doing  excellent  work. 

(3)  In  all  our  schools  the  work  of  developing  and  equipping 
for  higher  efficiency  in  educational  work  has  been  and  is  now 
being  pushed  forward  with  great  vigor,  and  the  class  of  work 
done  by  your  instructors  in  your  institutions  merit  high  com 
mendation,  and  those  engaged  so  earnestly,  encouragement  at 
your  hand. 

The  instruction  imparted  in  Union  Biblical  Seminary  is 
from  its  doctrines  and  precepts  we  have  not  departed.  Heaven 
most  satisfactory  and  gives  assurance  that  the  Church  will  in 
the  future,  as  in  the  past,  reap  a  rich  harvest  from  the  labors 
of  those  trained  in  this  "school  of  the  prophets." 

(4)  .But  while  the  debts  of  these  institutions  were  being 
provided   for,   and   large   sums   for   improvements   and   equip 
ments  collected,  the  work  of  endowment  has  been  pushed  for 
ward  and  special  funds  provided,  so  that  now  our  schools  are 

37 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

running  about  on  their  income  and  avoiding  the  yearly  ac 
cumulation  of  a  debt  which  used  to  be  the  rule.  But  we  are 
not  oblivious  to  the  fact  that  our  people  are  not  up  to  where 
they  should  be  on  Christian  benevolences,  for  so  long  as  Chris 
tendom  pays  only  fifteen  millions  for  the  support  of  its  minis 
try,  and  twenty-five  millions  for  its  pet  dogs,  according  to 
Chancellor  James  Day,  of  Syracuse  University,  and  Christian 
colleges  remain  unendowed,  there  is  something  radically  wrong 
in  the  church.  And  now  that  the  debts  are  at  least  measurably 
paid,  let  these  right  arms  of  the  Church  be  speedily  and  amply 
endowed. 

(5)  Our  educational  statistics  show  that  we  have  one  theo 
logical  Seminary  and  fifteen  colleges,  academies,  seminaries, 
and  schools  of  higher  grade.  The  valuation  of  their  buildings 
and  grounds  are  estimated  at  $703,075.  Their  approximate  en 
dowment  is  about  $250,000.  The  number  of  teachers,  about 
175.  The  number  of  students  in  our  schools  in  1904-1905,  not 
less  than  2,700.  The  gradual  increase  of  our  Educational 
Beneficiary  Fund  is  very  commendable,  yet  not  all  of  the  con 
ferences  throughout  the  Church  are  deeply  interested  in  in 
creasing  this  fund  as  they  should  be.  Many,  many  young  men 
and  women  are  now  in  the  ministry  of  the  Church  that  could 
not  have  secured  an  education  to  fit  them  for  the  work,  had 
it  not  been  for  the  aid  they  received  from  this  fund. 
Let  more  ample  provision  be  made  for  this  much-needed  be 
nevolence.  One  thing  justly  complained  of  by  the  Secretary 
of  the  Board  of  Education  is  the  extreme  laxity  upon  the  part 
of  some  of  our  educators  in  reporting  to  the  Board.  This 
should  be  remedied  if  we  would  have  correct  statistics. 

The  recognized  fact  is  that  our  educational  work  stands  side 
by  side  with  the  missionary  and  other  leading  interests  of  the 
Church,  and  to  retrogade  in  this  would  be  disintegration  and 
leading  the  way  to  speedy  decay  in  all  our  Church  enterprises. 
That  the  denomination  may  reap  the  highest  possible  benefits 
from  these  foster  children  of  the  Church,  and  make  the  deep 
est  salutary  impression  upon  the  world  from  this  department 
of  its  work,  a  higher  unification  in  our  educational  system  and 
a  broader  adaptability  to  the  needs  of  the  States  in  which  the 
schools  are  located  would  seem  to  be  of  high  utility. 

To  accomplish  this  we  would  suggest,  first,  that  the  Board 
of  Education  keep  in  close  touch  with  these  schools,  and,  sec 
ond,  that  all  assistance  possible  be  given  by  the  Board  to  aid 
these  schools  in  properly  adjusting  their  system  of  instruction 

38 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

and  course  of  study  to  the  needs  of  the  States  in  which  they 
are  located,  and,  third,  that  a  general  Secretary  of  the  Board 
of  Education  be  elected  by  the  General  Conference  for  the  de 
partment  of  education. 

8.  Moral  reform.  (1)  The  momentous  moral  problems  of 
the  age  have  not  been  ignored  by  our  Church.  Both  the  pulpit 
and  our  periodicals,  without  an  exception,  have  given  no  un 
certain  sound  respecting  these  great  questions,  but  have  been 
frank  and  outspoken.  On  the  vital  subject  of  temperance  our 
ministry  and  laity  have  been  aggressive  and  firm,  and  ever 
ready  to  support  any  and  all  reasonable  methods  to  suppress 
that  hideous  monster,  intemperance. 

The  great  headway  made  east,  west,  north,  and  south,  through 
prohibition,  the  Anti-Saloon  League,  local  option,  and  other 
organized  effort,  and  the  success  already  achieved  in 
crushing  the  vile  evil,  is  a  cause  for  thanksgiving  to  the  whole 
Christian  world.  The  fact  that,  in  this  great  struggle  for 
temperance,  in  not  a  few  of  the  States  our  people  have  been 
firm,  earnest,  and  devoted  to  the  principles  of  constitutional 
prohibition  should  especially  be  gratifying  to  us  as  a  denom 
ination. 

(2)  While  in  some  of  the  States  wholesome  divorce  laws 
are  being  enacted,  yet  in  others  there  seems  to  be  increasing 
laxity  on  this  subject.     This  latter,  taken  in  connection  with 
the  spread  of  polygamous  doctrines  in  some  of  the  States  and 
Territories,  and  the  non-enforcement  of  laws  on  the  latter  sub 
ject,  together  with  the  growing,  sickly  sentimentalism  of  the 
age,  which  in  some  instances  seem  to  be  settling  down  upon  the 
Christian    world   and   threatening   to    make   void   the   sacred- 
ness   of   the   marriage   vow    is,   we   believe,   cause   for   alarm. 
We  regard  the  legislation  already  had  by  us  on  this  subject  as 
wise  and  good,  but  anything  you  may  do  to  strengthen  the 
sacred  bond  of  family  and  home  will  be  of  great  service  to  the 
kingdom  of  God. 

(3)  The  increasing  laxity  of   Sabbath  laws  and  the  open 
violation  of  the  Lord's  day  by  corporations,  by  organized  so 
cieties,  associations,  and  clubs,  together  with  unnamed  social 
parties  and  by  private  individuals,  is  a  subject  of  sorrow  to 
every  Christian  heart.     Too   often,  we  fear,  the  church,   for 
money-making  and  to  "catch  the  crowd"  does  on  the  Sabbath 
day  what  more  rightfully  belongs  to  the  six  days  of  the  week. 

We  are  sure  we  are  right  when  we  direct  your  thought  to 
"Remember  the  Sabbath  day  to  keep  it  holy."  But  not  the 

39 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

church  only,  but  the  state  as  well,  should  be  a  bulwark  of  right 
eousness;  and  to  have  God's  favor  and  blessing  she  must  obey 
his  commandments,  for  "righteousness  exalteth  a  nation,  but 
sin  is  a  reproach  to  any  people." 

(4)  Lynching,  like  all  deadly  contagions,  is  liable  to  be 
come  epidemic.     This  demonized  practice  of  taking  life,  both 
South  and  North,  in  our  fair  land  is  not  only  a  burning  dis 
grace,  but  a  curse  on  our  escutcheon  of  government.     Signs  of 
governmental  improvement  to  check  this  accursed  method  of 
punishment,  even  if  not  larger  than  a  man's  head,  are  now 
visible   on   the   moral   horizon.      The   church   of    Christ   with 
united  voice  should  rebuke  this  menace  to  human  life  and  in 
sist  upon  the  legitimate  exercise  of  the  civil  court  in  the  viola 
tion  of  all  laws. 

(5)  As  to  amusements :    That  asceticism  has  been  more  of 
a  hindrance  than  a  help  to  true  godliness  is  now  generally  con 
ceded.     The  attitude  of  the  church  to  this  question,  both  past 
and  present,  has  not  been  uniform.     Some  of  the  ecclesiastical 
bodies  have  been  legislative  and  restrictive  relative  to  amuse 
ments,  while  others  have  always  left  this  question  to  the  good 
sense  of  the  believer,  which  we  have  found  and  still  believe  to 
be  safe. 

a.  This  we  recommend  to  you  as  wise:  (1)  Any  amuse 
ment  which  degrades  or  lowers  the  standard  of  morals  in  the 
individual  or  in  the  community,  directly  or  indirectly,  is  of 
doubtful  character  and  should  be  shunned.  (2)  If  it  in  any 
sense  loosens  the  hold  of  the  Christian  life  upon  the  believer 
such  diversions  should  not  be  indulged. 

fr.  As  to  the  amount  of  time  to  be  given  to  amusements  :  (1) 
They  should  not  consume  time  which  legitimately  belongs  to 
devotion.  This  applies  both  to  time  and  thought-meditation. 
(2)  Amusements  should  not  occupy  the  time  of  any  person 
which  rightfully  belongs  to  labor,  study,  or  business. 

9.  The  American  and  British  Bible  Societies:  Some  one 
has  said,  "The  Bible  contains  a  republication  of  natural  re 
ligion."  This,  in  a  sense,  is  true,  but  it  is  not  all  of  the  truth. 
It  is  without  exception  the  most  wonderful  book  in  existence. 
It  carries  the  student  back  to  the  very  dawn  of  creation  and 
then  sweeps  him  into  the  future  and  unfolds  to  him  a  sphere 
of  life  where  matter  holds  no  place,  and  by  an  inscrutable  mys 
tery  the  bodies  of  the  redeemed  are  transformed  into  spirit, 
where  exists  those  ideal  realities  of  which  the  things  of  sense 
are  but  the  fleeting  shadows,  where  truth,  and  joy,  and  love, 

40 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

and  praise  are  known  and  felt  and  uttered  by  thought  alone, 
unseen,  intangible,  unheard  as  the  essence  of  God  and  the 
souls  of  his  happy  chilrden. 

Yes,  the  Bible  is  a  wonderful  book,  wonderful  in  its  history, 
wonderful  in  its  eloquence,  wonderful  in  its  philosophy  and 
science,  but,  above  all,  most  wonderful  in  its  morality  and  re 
ligion.  Its  influence  upon  the  heart  of  man  has  no  parallel. 
The  Zend-Avesta  influenced  the  Persian  mind,  Hindu  charac 
ter  is  molded  by  the  doctrines  of  the  Shastra,  the  Koran  has  had 
much  to  do  in  making  the  Arab  what  he  is,  but  the  Bible  by 
its  divine  truths  permeates  every  fiber  of  the  human  soul,  and 
under  its  teachings  has  been  evolved  the  crowning  civilization 
of  the  race  of  man.  By  its  magic  touch  the  savage  is  trans 
formed  into  the  civilized,  the  idolater  into  the  Christian,  and 
wandering  tribes  are  consolidated  into  great  nations.  This 
blessed  book,  in  the  hand  of  the  thoughtful,  in  the  Quiet  Hour, 
has  always  lifted  the  recipient  into  communion  with  God.  On 
this  book  our  denomination  was  founded  by  our  fathers,  and 
rejoices  this  morning  over  the  crowds  which  have  already  gone 
up  from  our  ranks  and  are  now  safe  in  "Father's  house." 

Whatever  agency  used  for  the  diffusion  of  the  Word  among 
men  is  a  force  under  God  engaged  in  bringing  in  the  "king 
dom." 

The  Bible  societies,  jointly,  are  one  of  these  agencies.  Their 
lines  have  gone  out  through  all  the  earth,  and  their  mission  is 
the  circulation  of  the  Word  to  the  end  of  the  world.  They  are 
interdenominational  in  character,  and  distribute  the  Word  free 
to  the  needy,  and  depend  upon  voluntary  contributions  for 
funds  to  carry  on  their  great  work. 

Through  these  societies  alone  the  Holy  Scriptures  are  trans 
lated  into  five  hundred  languages  and  dialects,  so  that  more 
than  nine-tenths  of  the  world's  inhabitants  have  the  sacred 
Word  in  their  own  tongue.  Says  Doctor  Pearson :  "As  to  the 
question  01  totals  of  translations,  it  is  variously  stated.  The 
best  information  I  have  is  based  upon  an  article  by  Rev.  B. 
Pick,  Ph.  D.,  D.  D.,  in  the  April  10  number  of  the  Lutheran 
Quarterly  and  the  great  centennial  work  of  Doctor  Dennis, 
published  about  the  same  time.  They  almost  exactly  agree.  They 
said  that  the  whole  Bible  was  then  translated  into  121  lan 
guages,  the  New  Testament  into  119,  and  some  portions  into 
234.  Total,  475.  This  total  is  now  carried  up  to  at  least  500." 
We  recommend  that  the  Bible  society  and  its  great  and  good 
work  done  receive  by  you  favorable  recognition. 

41 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

10.  The  great  Father  Almighty  be  praised,  brethren,  in 
that  in  the  past  he  has  dealt  bounteously  with  us.  In  doctrine, 
in  polity  and  purpose  we  are  one,  each  recognizing  for  himself, 
and  in  his  own  way,  that  in  spiritual  as  in  physical  life  there 
are  stages  of  development,  from  the  germ  form,  the  Christ-life 
in  the  abstract,  to  the  full-grown  man  in  Christ  Jesus.  Christ 
is  the  perfect  ideal.  The  end  or  culmination  of  the  Christian 
character  is  to  be  like  him.  Through  this  conception  in  our 
church  life  we  have  been  and  are  now  blessed  with  a  self-  sac 
rificing  and  consecrated  ministry  and  laity,  and  under  the  bap 
tism  of  fire  her  war  against  transgression  and  sin  has  been  un 
ceasing. 

But  let  us  not  be  blind  to  the  sad  fact  that  not  all  of  Zion's 
ministry  received  have  been  really  profitable  in  their  high 
calling.  A  lack  of  proper  qualification  and  fitness  for  the  work 
has  been  the  cause  of  this  failure  oftener  than  a  lack  of  dis 
position  upon  the  part  of  the  recipient. 

If  ever  a  higher  qualification  and  fitness  for  the  work  of  tlw 
ministry  was  demanded  for  the  highest  good  of  mankind  it 
is  now.  Such  have  been  the  advances  in  knowledge  and  such 
the  facilities  for  the  diffusing  it  widely  and  rapidly  that  it  is 
impossible  for  ignorant  men,  or  for  men  possessing  less  intel 
lectual  furniture  than  belongs  to  educated  men  generally,  to 
exert  that  influence  for  truth  and  the  good  of  souls  which  the 
cause  of  Christ  requires.  While  the  adversaries  of  the  church 
are  burnishing  their  armor  and  preparing  for  new  modes  of 
attack,  it  does  not  become  the  soldiers  of  the  Cross  to  throw 
away  the  weapons  of  defense  which  the  Head  of  the  church  has 
put  within  their  reach.  When  we  remember  that  in  almost 
every  conference  the  labors  of  the  efficient  are  retarded,  yes,  in 
some  instances  almost  rendered  nugatory,  and  their  compensa 
tion  cut  short  through  the  failures  of  inefficient  and  unfaithful 
colaborers,  we  are  constrained  to  recommend  that  your  legisla 
tion  relative  to  the  ministry  be  with  a  view  to  guarding  veil 
the  threshold  to  the  "sacred  calling,"  and  to  providing  for 
retiring  more  easily  the  inefficient  and  unsuccessful. 

We  have  watched  with  regret  the  growing  tendency  of  some 
ministers,  in  not  a  few  of  the  conferences,  not  to  go  to  the  fields 
of  labor  to  which  they  are  assigned,  if  perchance  the  field  hap 
pens  to  be  among  the  less  important  or  less  inviting  ones.  This 
we  regard  as  the  result,  largely,  of  receiving  men  not  trained 
and  qualified  in  heart  and  life  for  the  work,  and  who  have  but 
little  if  any  apperception  of  the  mission  in  which  they  are  en- 

42 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

gaged,  and,  we  fear,  place  a  higher  estimate  on  the  "loaves  and 
fishes"  than  they  do  on  the  cause  of  their  blessed  Lord. 

While  we  would  attach  due  importance  to  intellectual  and 
moral  culture  as  necessary  in  a  well-qualified  ministry,  yet  the 
one  thing  especially  needful,  and  without  which  all  other  qual- 
•ification  is  nugatory,  is  the  endowment  of  the  Holy  Spirit. 
The  great  question  relative  to  ministerial  qualification  and 
church  life  after  all  is,  Have  you  received  the  Holy  Spirit? 

The  history  of  the  denomination  clearly  demonstrates  three 
things  essential  to  her  success:  (1)  An  energetic,  self-sacrific 
ing,  and  aggressive  ministry  and  laity.  (2)  A  consecrated, 
pious  ministry  and  membership.  (3)  The  enduement  of  the 
Holy  Spirit  which  the  Head  of  the  church  has  promised  alike 
to  his  ministers  and  people.  Without  these  the  church  may 
despair  of  success.  With  them  her  star  of  hope  and  holy  in 
fluence  will  continue  to  rise. 

Holy  and  beloved  of  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  the  Father  Al 
mighty  has  placed  you  with  us  in  the  van  in  this  crisis  hour  of 
the  church's  great  work.  His  Spirit  in  your  midst  alone  can 
qualify  you  and  guide  you  aright  in  the  work  of  the  hour.  We 
beg  leave  to  suggest  to  you  that,  in  all  your  acts  of  legislation 
en  the  great  interests  of  the  Church,  you  have  a  single  eye  to  an 
open  Bible,  the  exigencies  of  a  dying  world,  and  the  glory  of 
God  rather  than  to  ancient  creeds,  peculiar  dogmas,  modern 
church  fads,  or  opinions  of  men. 

In  providing  disciplinary  regulations  we  recommend  that 
you  keep  in  view  the  purity,  the  doctrines,  the  harmony,  pra^e, 
and  prosperity  of  the  Church  in  the  light  of  an  open  Bible. 
In  this  we  do  not,  dear  brethren,  presume  even  to  admonish 
you  or  exhort  you,  but  simply  to  arrest  your  thought.  Once 
more,  brethren,  with  gratitude  to  Almighty  God  we  turn  to  the 
past  and  remember  his  mercies  to  our  fathers,  together  with 
his  peculiar  fostering  care  to  us,  their  children,  and  to  our  be 
loved  Zion  to  this  sacred  hour.  As  we  remember  the  deeds,  the 
virtues,  and  devotions  of  the  past,  let  us  not  forget  that,  inas 
much  as  we  have,  in  addition  to  these  lessons,  the  accumulated 
lessons  and  experiences  of  the  ages,  our  devotion  to  truth  and 
righteousness  and  our  legislation  in  the  interests  of  the  Church 
must  be  in  accord  with  what  we  have  and  the  light  and  needs 
of  this  age  in  which  we  live. 

And  finally,  brethren,  we  commend  you  to  God  and  to  the 
word  of  his  grace,  praying  the  Holy  Spirit  that  the  spirit  of 
wisdom  may  be  given  to  you  and  to  us,  remembering  ever  that 

43 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

the  primary  condition  of  success  in  the  kingdom  of  God  is  a 
consistent  reliance  on  the  guidance  of  the  Holy  Spirit.  We 
are,  dear  brethren,  most  affectionately  your  colaborers  in  the 
gospel  of  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ.  N.  CASTLE. 

E.  B.  KEPHART. 

J.  S.  MILLS. 

G.  M.  MATHEWS. 

Great  applause  followed  the  reading  of  the  bishops'  address. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  come  at  this  moment  to  ask  how  you  will 
obtain  your  committees. 

KEY.  W.  E.  SCHELL,  of  East  Nebraska  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman,  I 
wish  to  speak  just  a  word  in  reference  to  this  report,  if  I  may.  I 
speak  it  with  some  hesitancy,  yet  I  feel  that  I  ought  to  make  the 
statement.  In  the  report  concerning  our  educational  institutions 
reference  was  made  to  the  difficulty  of  getting  accurate  reports  from 
them.  On  account  of  this,  I  presume  that  there  is  an  inaccuracy  con 
cerning  our  college.  It  is  not  out  of  debt,  as  the  report  states.  I  am 
not  so  very  much  concernedi  as  to  what  these,  my  brethren  here,  think 
about  it,  but  I  wouldn't  like  to  have  it  go  to  our  constituents  in  Ne 
braska  that  York  College  is  out  of  debt,  for  it  is  not.  We  are  yet  in 
debt  about  four  thousand  dollars.  I  made  this  statement  to  the  sec 
retary  of  the  Board  of  Education  recently,  but  somehow  or  other  it  is 
not  quite  correct  in  the  report. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  will  ask  you  how  you  will  obtain  your 
committees. 

REV.  J,  A.  F.  KING,  of  Northern  Illinois  Conference.  I  move  that 
the  committees  be  appointed  by  the  chair. 

VOICES.    No,  no.    By  the  Board  of  Bishops. 

REV.  J.  A.  F.  KING.  I  move,  then,  that  the  Board  of  Bishops  ap 
point  the  committees. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Are  you  all  agreed  to  that  ? 

VOICES.    Agreed,  agreed.    Without  any  dissenting  voice. 

SECRETARY  SNYDER.  I  will  say,  Mr.  Bishop,  some  one  sent  a  certi 
ficate  of  election  up  here.  Should  it  go  into  the  hands  of  the  Com 
mittee  on  Credentials  when  that  committee  is  appointed  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Will  it  be  your  pleasure  to  hear  the  read 
ing  of  the  committees,  for  we  as  a  Board,  in  anticipation  of  your  or 
dering  it,  as  you  have  provided,  have  appointed  these  committees  and 
thev  are  published. 

44 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

VOICES.    Agreed. 

The  presiding  bishop  then  read  the  list  of  standing  committees  and 
called  attention  to  the  two  notes  at  the  head  of  the  printed  list. 

STANDING    COMMITTEES. 

If  the  first-named  person  on  any  committee  is  not  present,  the  second 
shall  take  the  chairmanship. 

In  any  case  where  a  delegate  named  may  not  be  in  attendance,  the 
alternate  who  takes  the  seat  of  the  absent  delegate  in  the  Conference 
shall  also  take  his  place  on  committees. 

1.  Devotional — E.  R.  Baber,  Mrs.  Nannie  A.  Henkle,  S.  W. 
Paul,  J.  L.  Grimm,  J.  B.  Norviel,  W.  R.  Berry,  Mrs.  A.  J. 
Spencer. 

2.  Credentials— W.  O.  Fries,  W.  H.  Tasker,  I.  W.  Bearss, 
George  M.  Spangler,  G.  O.  Porter,  A.  R.  Ayers,  J.  H.  Walls, 
Alonzo  Myer,  H.  F.  Brubaker. 

3.  Correspondence — C.  I.  B.  Brane,  Mrs.  W.  E.  Schell,  J. 
N.  Garber,  A.  D.  Whitney,  H.  B.  Miller. 

4.  State  of  the  Church — George  Miller,  M.  P.  Miller, -Jas 
per  Goshard,  George  A.  Wolfe,  W.  E.  Stanley,  C.  H.  Cox,  S.  L. 
Todd,  J.  W.  Schofield,  J.  L.  Brandenburg. 

5.  Moral  Reform  (Discipline,  Chapter  XII.)— H.  C.  Shaf 
fer,  C.  S.  Long,  Miss  Kate  Booker,  Mrs.  O.  J.  Gage,  D.  D. 
White,  Mrs.  J.  H.  Patterson,  G.  A.  Davis,  A.  Rigney,  B.  Lee. 

6.  Missionary     Interests     (Discipline,     Chapters     XVIII., 
XIX.)— C.  J.  Burkert,  A.  T.  Howard,  J.  R.  King,  W.  M.  Bell, 
Mrs.  B.  F.  Witt,  Mrs.  Fred  Geisler,  D.  W.  Sprinkle,  J.  H.  Pat 
terson,  F.  M.  Tester-man,  R.  J.  Barr,  Mrs.  Snyder  Rinehart. 

7.  Church   Erection    (Discipline,    Chapter   XXI.)— S.    W. 
Keister,  W.  M.  Buswell,  Eugene  Schaeffer,  J.  C.  Heckert,  V. 
A.    Carlton,    J.    W.    Lilly,    E.    S.    Neuding,    A.    H.    Reese, 
Henry  Weber,  A.  E.  Wilson,  John  Shambaugh,  J.  B.  Shatzer, 
J.  C.  Peck. 

>•  t_  8.  Educational  Institutions  (Discipline,  Chapter  XXIII. , 
except  Section  4) — D.  R.  Seneff,  E.  S.  Lorenz,  Mark  Keppel, 
H.  U.  Roop,  F.  P.  Rosselot,  W.  I.  Beatty,  Leroy  Howard,  Mrs. 
George  Sickafoose,  A.  P.  Funkhouser,  F.  M.  Munch. 

9.  Union  Biblical  Seminary   (Discipline,  Chapter  XXIIL, 
Section  4)— W.  H.  Wright,  S.  Wertz,  J.  I.  L.  Ressler,  C.  A. 
Thorn,  W.  O.  Mills,  G.  A.  Hottell,  S.  S.  Hough,  J.  A.  Haw 
kins,  Mrs.  Celia  Richards. 

10.  Boundaries  (Discipline,  Chapter  XXVI.)— J.  T.  Rob 
erts,  F.  H.  Neff,  F.  M.  Morgan,  I.  Bennehoff,  J.  B.  Connett, 
John  Barnes,  G.  Fritz,  W.  A.  Robins,  H.  W.  Trueblood,  E. 
W.  Myers,  W.  E.  Airhart,  V.  W.  Overton,  D.  R.  Stoker,  F.  B. 
Wright,  B.  H.  Engle,  W.  Wood,  H.  Barkemyer,  D.  L.  Burger, 
N.  J.  Mclntyre. 

45 


T\VS:XTV-F.)URTII    GKXKRAL   CONFERENCE 

11.  Publishing    Interests    (Discipline,    Chapter    XXII.) — 
H.  S.  Gabel,  W.  O.  Harper,  P.  M.  Camp,  Albert  Keister,  W.  F. 
Cronk,  H.  J.  Gunnels,  W.  A.  Smith,  G.  C.  Snyder,  D.  L.  Doub, 
J.  G.  Porterfield. 

12.  Sunday    Schools    (Discipline,    Chapter    XV.)— R.    M. 
Zuck,  S.  C.  Cddwell,  H.  H.  Fout,  R.  J.  White,  Alex.  Ander 
son,  Robert  Cowden,  Isaac  Hilborn,  J.  S.  Kendall,  J.  L.  Drury, 
T.  G.  Spangler. 

13.  Superintendency    (Discipline,   Chapter  VI.,   Section   8, 
and  Chapter  XXV.)— L.  S.  Cornell,  W.  R.  Funk,  W.  O.  Zeig- 
ler,  A.  W.  Ballinger,  W.  H.  Washinger,  J.  H.  Snyder,  E.  B. 
Bierman,  N.  L.  Vezie,  Eli  Good,  A.  M.  Snyder. 

14.  Ministry  of  the  Church    (Discipline,  Chapter  VI.,  ex 
cept  Section  8) — John  Simons,  A.  Orr,  W.  D.  Herndon,  W.  R. 
Lloyd,  L.  W.  Stahl,  E.  W.  Curtis,  A.  W.  Arford,  D.  P.  Baker, 
M.  J.  Mumma,  E.  Mater,  S.  M.  Love. 

15.  Itinerancy   (Discipline,  Chapters  VII.  and  VIII.) — J. 
D.  Wyandt,  J.  W.  Lake,  I.  H.  Albright,  W.  L.  Hinshaw,  G.  C. 
Williams,  A.  A.  Moore,  W.  E.  Burgess,  Henry  Wright,  Miss 
Grace  Warner. 

16.  Courses  of  Ministerial  Study  (Discipline,  Chapter  IX.) 
— M.  R.  Drury,  J.  E.  Shannon,  D.  D.  Lowerv,  J.  B.  Deever, 
A.  B.  Statton,  J.  H.  Ruebush,  W.  Z.  Roberts,  W.  W.  Vine,  J. 
S.  Davis. 

17.  Government  of  the  Church   (Discipline,  Chapter  V.) — 
W.  E.  Schell,  D.  C.  Whiting,  G.  P.  Macklin,  G.  W.  Sherrick, 
J.  A.  F.  King,  W.  H.  Jack,  C.  Koch,  W.  A.  Lutz,  G.  H.  Hinton. 

18.  Church  Membership   (Discipline,   Chapter  IV.) — J.   C. 
Bremer,  E.  H.  Richard,  A.  C.  Wilmore,  J.  G.  Stehman,  J.  A. 
Richardson,  W.  C.  Keezel,  A.  A.  Grooms,  J.  A.  Bell,  Mrs.  Mary 
A.  Garber. 

19.  Young  People's  Societies  (Discipline,  Chapter  XVI.)— 
G.  D.  Gossard,  J.  G.  Huber,  Mrs.  Mary  Mead,  D.  E.  Donly, 
Mrs.  Joseph  Richer,  G.  W.  Miller,  Charles  Sage,  C.  L.  Ray 
mond,  Mrs.  Zella  King,  Ida  Williams. 

20.  Formulas  (Discipline,  Chapters  XXVII.  and  XXVIII) 
— J.  R,  Chambers.  X.  A.  Dean,  A.  M.  Cummins,  C.  W.  Recard, 
Ed.  Van  Cleve,  J.  M.  Hockett,  W.  W.  Robbins,  A.  H.  Laugh- 
baum. 

21.  Judiciary    (Discipline,   Chapters   X.   and   XL) — C.   U. 
McKee,  J.  C.  Myers,  S.  S.  Hunt,  S.  F.  Huber,  R.  H.  Bennett,. 
Frank  Dennis. 

22.  Churches,  Parsonages,  etc.  (Discipline,  Chapters  XIII. 
and   XIV.)W.   D.   Stratton,   A.   Boyd,   S.   E.   Kumler,   E.   D. 
Miller,  W.  H.  Cheadle,  F.  N.  Henry,  John  Hulitt,  C.  E.  Mullen, 
J.  H.  Pool. 

23.  Circulation   of   the   Bible— II.    R.    Hess,   Mrs.    Mattie 

46 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Stoner,  J.  W.  Willis,  D.   Shaffer,  W.   C.  Guyer,  Miss  Helen 
Gould,  Mrs.  J.  W.  Goodwin,  B.  F.  Gruver. 

24.  Expenses  of  Delegates,  etc. — J.  E.  Harner,  F.  E.  Kerr, 
P.  M.   Streich,  Henry  Craig,   C.  M.  Funk,  H.  Baish,  A.   J. 
Juday,  Frank  Heckman,  W.  E.  Gillingham. 

25.  Christian  Stewardship   (Discipline,   Chapter  XVII)  — 
J.  L.  Parks,  A.  P.  Johnston,  M.  F.  Dawson,  J.  W.  Kiracofe, 
Mrs.  Ella  J.  Kirkpatrick,   G.  W.  Dillenbach,   O.   S.  Money, 
J.  U.  Bair,  A.  J.  Cowden. 

26.  Salaries — Matt  Edmonds,  F.   A.  Burt,  William  Mich- 
ener,  E.  K.  Smith,  J.  T.  Hobson,  W.  G.  Lowe,  I.  J.  Bear,  A. 
Roose,  J.  M.  Altaffer,  A.  S.  Hammack,  W.  O.  Siffert. 

27.  Nominations   of   Members   of    Church  Boards — W.   F. 
Gruver,  D.  R.  Miller,  W.   F.  Haffner,  II.  H.  Flory,   George 
Geiger,  S.  W.  Lott,  D.  A.  Peters,  Mrs.  Sarah  Fisher,  A.  A. 
Garner. 

28.  Memoirs — H.  Deal,  L.  L.  Schoonover,  W.  F.  Parker, 
George  P.  Hott,  G.  W.  Mater,  Emma  Craig,  C.  L.  Card,  IT.  J. 
Roop,  Mrs.  Lizzie  Bronson. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  move  that  we 
do  now  adjourn. 

The  motion  was  seconded. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  Does  the  chairman 
of  the  Committee  on  Credentials  or  the  Committee  on  Credentials 
want  each  of  us  to  appear  if  our  name  appears  on  the  list?  Is  it  es 
sential  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  No,  only  those  that  appear  as  alternates;  if 
I  understood  your  question. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Let  me  have  this  added  word.  If  there  is 
any  seat  contested,  of  course  that  matter  will  have  to  go  to  the  com 
mittee. 

At  this  point  Rev.  T.  D.  Crites,  pastor  of  the  Topeka  Church,  an 
nounced  the  different  rooms  in  which  the  committees  were  to  meet, 
and  also  made  other  announcements  respecting  the  Conference,  fol 
lowing  which  the  motion  to  adjourn  was  carried. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Will  you  sing  a  stanza  ? 

MR.  LORENZ.    We  will  sing  "Blest  be  the  tie  that  binds." 

The  Conference  arose  and  sang.  Following  the  singing,  Rev.  J.  L 
L.  Ressler,  of  Allegheny  Conference,  pronounced  the  benediction. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Conference  stands  adjourned  until  to 
morrow  morning  at  eight  o'clock. 

47 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

FIRST  DAY— EVENING  SESSION. 

THURSDAY,  May  11,  1905. 

Conference  met  at  7 :  45  P.  M.  in  the  great  Auditorium,  located  on 
Quiiicy  Street,  between  Seventh  and  Eighth  streets,  in  Topeka, 
Kansas,  Bishop  Castle  presiding. 

The  song-service  was  conducted  by  Mr.  Lorenz.  The  following  songs 
were  sung:  "Power  in  the  blood,"  "Stand  up  for  Jesus,"  "My  country, 
't  is  of  thee,"  and  "Rock  of  Ages." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  now  be  led  in  prayer  by  Brother 
J.  Simons,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference,  the  audience  standing. 

Rev.  J.  Simons  delivered  the  following  prayer: 

O  our  Father,  we  desire  to  come  into  thy  presence  at  this  hour  in 
a  suitable  way ;  we  come  to  acknowledge  thee  as  the  giver  of  every 
good  and  perfect  gift ;  we  come  to  wait  before  thee  in  the  spirit  of  awe 
and  reverence,  and  grant  that  while  we  gather  upon  this  great  occa 
sion,  and  while  we  meet  in  this  greeting,  we  pray  that  the  Holy  Spirit 
may  specially  preside  over  this  evening's  service,  and  may  the  addresses 
that  may  be  given  and  the  words  of  welcome  which  may  be  spoken — 
may  these  words  come  to  us  with  great  comfort,  with  great  helpful 
ness,  and  with  great  inspiration.  And  we  pray  that  we  may  all  ap 
preciate  the  great  provisions  that  thou  hast  made  for  us,  so  that  we 
may  come  to  thee  and  be  welcomed  by  thee  into  thine  own  immortal 
presence,  and  wait  before  thee  and  receive  such  help  and  such  grace 
and  such  blessings  as  each  of  us  and  all  of  us  need  on  this  occasion. 
We  pray  especially  thy  blessing  upon  this  gathering,  and  grant  that 
the  spirit  of  wisdom  as  well  as  power  may  rest  upon  this  General 
Conference,  and  may  all  that  is  done  and  said  be  done  with  reverence 
and  to  thy  glory  and  the  advancement  of  the  kingdom  of  Christ  among 
men.  We  pray  that  thou  wouldst  grant  to  so  lead  thy  servants,  so 
direct  in  all  the  affairs  of  the  church  as  well  as  the  state,  that  thy 
blessing  may  be  vouchsafed  to  thy  people;  that  we  may  have  such  a 
government  under  which  to  live,  and  such  a  church  in  which  to  labor, 
that  thy  name  may  be  honored  and  glorified  and  that  all  the  people 
may  be  brought  under  the  power  and  sway  of  the  gospel,  which  is  the 
power  of  God  unto  salvation  to  all  who  believe.  We  now  pray  that 
thou  wouldst  lead  us  and  guide  us  and  bless  especially  those  who  shall 
address  us  to-night,  and  be  thou  in  the  words  of  those  who  speak,  and 
may  there  come  to  us  such  help  in  this  service  to-night  as  shall  lead 
us  on  to  greater  and  larger  things.  We  ask  it  in  Jesus'  name.  Amen. 

BISHOP  CASTLE'S  OPENING  REMARKS. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  am  sure  that  this  General  Conference 
has  looked  forward  with  no  little  interest  to  the  gathering  in  this 
great  city  of  the  State  of  Kansas,  and  this  evening  has  been  set  apart 

48 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

and  devoted  to  the  reception  of  this  General  Conference.  I  know 
that  we  were  very  anxious  to  come  to  your  city  and  to  your  State, 
because  we  wanted  to  see  you  and  then  we  wanted  you  to  see  us.  It 
is  my  distinguished  pleasure  to  introduce  to  you  to-night  a  certain 
number  of  brethren,  honorable  gentlemen,  who  will  address  you,  and 
I  would  say  to  you,  beloved  brethren,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  there  is 
one  of  the  most  distinguished  characters  in  the  State  of  Kansas  to  be 
presented  to  you  to-night,  and  you  will  have  the  pleasure  of  hearing 
him.  I  refer  to  Governor  Hoch.  [Great  applause.]  The  governor  has 
been  a  resident  of  the  State  of  Kansas  for  over  thirty  years ;  has 
been  editor  for  a  number  of  years  of  one  of  the  best  known  papers  in 
the  State,  a  paper  that  has  always  stood  for  the  right.  [Great  ap 
plause.]  He  himself  has  the  reputation  of  being  a  clean  man  [great 
applause]  and  stands  for  a  clean  and  pure  administration,  whether  it 
is  in  the  State  or  whether  it  is  in  the  municipality ;  he  believes  in  the 
State  and  in  the  municipality  living  up  to  the  law  just  as  a  common 
citizen  of  the  State.  [Applause.]  He  is  a  man  that  is  not  in  the 
market  and  never  has  been.  [Great  applause.]  He  cannot  be  sold; 
you  cannot  buy  him.  [Great  applause.]  There  is  not  wealth  enough 
in  the  State  of  Kansas  to  purchase  his  integrity;  it  is  because  he  has 
stood  for  clean,  pure  principles  that  he  is  where  he  is  to-night. 
[Voices.  That  's  so.]  He  has  not  sought  the  office  of  governor;  the 
office  has  sought  him.  [Great  applause.]  He  is  not  only  governor  of 
the  great  State  of  Kansas,  but  he  is  more  than  all  this,  and,  best  of  all, 
a  Methodist.  [Applause.]  And  for  a  man  to  be  a  Methodist  these 
days  means  a  good  deal  for  a  man  and  for  the  world.  [Applause.] 
I  mean  a  good  Methodist,  of  course.  [Laughter.]  Maybe  you  haven't 
any  other  than  good  Methodists  in  this  city  or  State.  If  so,  you 
are  an  exception,  I  am  sure.  [Laughter.]  He  has  occupied, 
as  I  learned,  the  very  honorable  and  exalted  position,  before  he  be 
came  governor,  of  being  superintendent  and  teacher  in  a  Sabbath 
school.  [Applause.]  He  is  not  only  identified  with  movements,  but 
a  leader  in  movements  against  the  great  organized  corporations  of 
evil  in  this  day.  [Applause.]  I  want,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  once 
again  to  name  to  you  and  introduce  to  you  Governor  Hoch,  the  Roose 
velt  of  Kansas.  [Great  applause.] 

Governor  Hoch,  after  acknowledging  the  hearty  reception  given 
him,  spoke  as  follows  : 

GOVERNOR    HOCH's    ADDRESS. 

MR.  CHAIRMAN  AND  FRIENDS  :  I  was  embarrassed  enough  before  the 
chairman  of  this  meeting  made  his  speech  [laughter],  but  now  I  am 
simply  overwhelmed  with  his  eulogy.  I  counted  it  a  great  honor,  as 
well  as  a  great  pleasure  and  privilege,  to  drop  the  cares  of  office  and 
the  burdens  of  official  life  for  a  little  while  to  come  upon  this  plat- 

49 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

form  to  represent  the  people  of  this  commonwealth  in  welcoming  to 
Kansas  and  to  its  capital  city  this  splendid  religious  gathering.  May 
I  say,  with  pardonable  pride,  that  we  are  proud  of  our  State,  leader  al 
ways  in  moral  movements.  In  its  formation,  in  its  early  life,  it  was 
the  initial  battleground  of  freedom  [applause],  and  the  rattle  of  four 
million  shackles  from  the  limbs  of  that  many  slaves  was  but  the  echo 
of  the  battle  begun  in  Kansas.  [Applause.]  A  quarter  of  a  century 
ago  this  State  entered  into  a  combat  with  the  greatest  moral  and 
financial  monster  in  all  the  world,  the  liquor  traffic.  [Applause.] 
It  is  true,  and  pity  't  is  't  is  true  that  the  victory  has  not  yet  been 
entirely  won,  but  I  want  to  remind  you  also  that  the  battle  is  not  yet 
over  [great  applause],  and  the  State  of  Kansas  has  said  to  the  world 
that  the  only  legitimate  attitude  of  law  towards  the  liquor  traffic 
was  that  of  prohibition,  and  Kansas  intends  to  fight  it  out  on  that 
line  until  the  victory  is  won.  [Great  applause.]  Go  to  your  several 
States,  go  to  your  home  encouraged  by  the  belief  that,  while  we  have 
not  entirely  triumphed,  we  have  done  a  great  good  and  we  have  more 
than  a  quarter  of  a  million  of  young  men  and  young  women  over 
twenty  years  old  in  this  Sunflower  State  who  never  saw  a  saloon. 
We  have  raised  them  in  civilization  here;  we  will  stick  to  it.  More 
recently  this  State  has  had  the  courage  to  attack  the  greatest  com 
bination  of  organized  and  corporate  greed  that  infests  this  world  of 
ours — the  Standard  Oil  Company  [great  applause  and  hurrahs],  and  if 
the  courts  will  not  spike  our  guns,  if  we  are  permitted  to  continue  un- 
trammeled  the  battle,  we  will  teach  this  great  corporation  that  it 
must  be  decent.  Hence,  to  this  kind  of  a  commonwealth  I  welcome 
you  to-night.  [Applause.] 

Then  I  am  glad  to  have  the  privilege,  and  I  have  been  a  resident 
of  the  city  only  a  few  months,  to  welcome  you  to  the  State  capital. 
Every  citizen  of  this  town  can  say,  as  Paul  said  of  his  native  city, 
"I  am  a  citizen  of  no  mean  city."  [Applause.]  Topeka  is  not  abso 
lutely  perfect  because  it  must  be  said  of  cities,  as  of  individuals,  that 
none  are  perfect,  no  not  one,  but  we  believe,  at  least  I  do,  and  I  have 
known  the  town  as  a  citizen  of  the  State  for  more  than  a  quarter 
of  a  century,  we  believe  that  we  have  here  the  cleanest,  the  soberest, 
the  most  moral,  the  most  beautiful,  the  most  orderly,  the  most  pros 
perous,  relatively  the  most  prosperous  city  of  its  size  in  the  union 
[applause],  and  to  this  good  town  I  welcome  you.  You  are  here  as 
representatives  of  a  great  Church;  I  wish  you  were  Methodists  [ap 
plause],  but  this  is  the  next  best  thing  to  that.  There  has  always 
been  a  controversy,  and  perhaps  there  always  will  be,  as  to  the  rela 
tion  of  the  church  to  the  state.  It  is  generally  believed  and  taught 
that  there  should  be  a  separation  of  the  church  and  state.  As  Ameri 
cans  we  believe  that,  but  to  my  mind  he  is  a  poor  logician,  he  is  a 
superficial  thinker  and  reasoner  who  thinks  that  because  there  should  be 
a  separation  of  church  and  state  as  organizations,  that  therefore  there 
should  be  a  separation  of  religion  and  state.  He  who  has  by  common 

50 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

consent  gone  into  history  reverently  and  affectionately  as  the  father 
of  his  country  said  in  that  great  address  which  he  issued  to  his  coun 
trymen  when  he  laid  aside  the  duties  of  the  office  of  President  and 
retired  to  the  quietude  of  his  Mt.  Vernon  home,  that  a  Republican 
form  of  government  rested  upon  two  pillars — morality  and  religion ; 
and  later  on  said,  Let  perish  the  supposition  that  morality  can  long 
be  maintained  unless  sustained  by  the  power  of  religion. 

I  have  heard  a  great  deal  of  talk  about  this  question  and  that 
question  being  a  purely  moral  question  and  having  no  place  upon  the 
political  rostrum  or  in  legislative  halls.  No  greater  fallacy,  in  my  judg 
ment,  could  be  uttered  than  that.  [Great  applause.]  All  government, 
all  good  government,  is  moral  in  its  essential  nature,  but  I  am  talking 
to-night  to  a  lot  of  preachers,  chiefly  preachers,  I  believe.  [Dr.  Funk. 
Half  and  half.]  Half  and  half.  A  lot  of  laymen  here.  Well,  you 
preachers  preach  to  the  pew,  and  you  will  let  the  pew  preach  to  you  a 
little  while  to-night,  won't  you  ?  [Dr.  Funk.  Yes.] 

I  have  in  my  mind  an  ideal  preacher.  Of  course  he  is  here  to 
night;  he  is  here  in  great  numbers.  My  ideal  preacher  is  a  Christian 
man.  That  is  an  astonishing  proposition,  isn't  it  ?  There  was  a  time, 
in  my  innocent  boyhood,  when  I  thought  that  one  who  carried  the 
appellation  of  professor  was  of  necessity  a  very  learned  man ;  when  he 
was  called  a  doctor,  he  must  of  necessity  be  a  fine  physician ;  and  when 
a  preacher,  was,  of  course,  a  pious  man.  In  most  cases  these  things 
are  true,  but  unfortunately  they  are  not  always  true,  and  I  started 
with  the  assumption  that  my  ideal  preacher  is  a  Christian  man  [ap 
plause],  and  then  he  is  an  optimist;  he  sees  the  silver  lining  to  every 
dark  cloud.  There  is  no  place  in  the  pulpit  for  a  pessimist.  [Ap 
plause.]  The  thing  which  we  call  the  blues  is  not  in  the  Bible  from 
lid  to  lid,  and  no  preacher  has  a  right  to  have  the  blues.  And  then, 
my  ideal  preacher  is  a  healthy  man.  Of  course,  there  may  be,  of 
necessity,  exceptions,  but,  as  a  rule,  I  submit  to  you  that  a  preacher, 
on  an  average,  ought  to  be  the  healthiest  man  that  walks  the  earth. 
His  business  contributes  to  health ;  he  ought  to  have  a  pure  heart  and 
a  calm  brain;  he  ought  to  live  in  that  blessed  verse  which  says,  "All 
things  work  together  for  the  good  of  those  who  love  God"; 
and  if  a  man  believes  that,  .  as  every  preacher  should  believe 
it,  and  as  my  ideal  preacher  does  believe  it — if  everybody  believed 
that,  the  average  longevity  of  human  life  would  not  be  thirty-three 
years,  but  would  be  threescore  and  ten. 

My  ideal  preacher  is  an  optimist  and  a  healthy  man,  and  then  my 
ideal  preacher  is  a  man  of  faith;  he  believes  every  word  in  the  old 
Bible  [great  applause],  the  whale  story  and  all.  By  the  way,  I  told 
an  audience  once  before  in  this  town  that  that  Jonah  story  troubles 
me  less  than  most;  anything.  At  the  World's  Fair  I  saw  a  skeleton  of 
a  whale  eighty  feet  long,  the  jaw-bone  set  up  for  a  doorway  big  enough 
for  a  team  to  drive  in,  a  whole  depart  of  exhibits  in  there,  scores  of 
people  going  in  and  out  to  look  at  the  exhibits.  Since  I  saw  that 

51 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

skeleton,  the  only  thing  that  troubles  me  at  all  has  been  how  the 
whale  ever  found1  out  Jonah  was  in  there.  [Great  applause  and  laugh 
ter,  followed  by  another  round  of  applause.] 

My  ideal  preacher  is  a  man  of  faith,  faith  in  the  old  Book ;  he  is 
not  afraid  of  these  new-fangled  people  called  the  higher  critics.  With 
all  due  respect  to  the  most  of  them,  they  are  simply  gentlemen,  wise 
chiefly  and  in  most  cases  only  in  their  own  conceits.  My  ideal 
preacher  believes  in  the  miracles  of  the  Bible  [voices:  Amen};  and 
I  have  no  patience  with  a  preacher  or  a  Christian  who  is  afraid  to  be 
lieve  the  Bible,  afraid  of  science,  afraid  that  science  will  destroy 
faith  in  the  old  Book.  To  every  faithful  student,  to  every  intelligent 
man,  modern  science  is  making  faith  in  the  old  Book  and  its  miracles 
easy. 

I  heard  John  Temple  Graves  at  the  World's  Fair,  in  a  piece  of  word 
painting  I  never  heard  exceeded,  describing  that  magnificent  scene, 
that  a  great  many  of  you  have  witnessed  from  the  great  tower  of  the 
Jefferson  Monument,  looking  up  from  Festal  Hall,  with  the  colonnades 
stretching  out  on  either  side,  with  the  magnificent  buildings  resting 
on  the  right  and  the  left,  and  the  great  lake  with  its  beautiful  waters, 
and  the  millions  of  electric  lights — I  heard  John  Temple  Graves  in 
a  burst  of  eloquence  say  as  he  stood  there,  "If  man  can  make  a  city 
like  this,  what  must  be  the  beauty  and  grandeur  and  magnificence  of 
the  eternal  city  made  by  the  Almighty  himself?"  [Great  applause.] 
And  when  I  think  of  man,  puny  man,  scientific  man,  taking  eight 
hundred  cubic  feet  of  air  and  squeezing  it  into  a  gallon  of  liquid; 
when  I  think  of  this  scientific  man  talking  through  a  little  tube  to  a 
friend  one  thousand  miles  away;  when  I  think  of  the  scientific  man 
talking  across  the  continent,  talking  across  the  ocean  with  wireless 
telegraphy;  when  I  think  of  the  scientific  man  taking  a  little  thing 
called  the  X-rays,  looking  through  the  human  body,  looking  through 
a  door  of  wood,  looking  through  the  hand  and  seeing  the  bones  in  the 
hand  on  the  other  side  of  a  picture ;  when  I  think  of  a  puny  man  doing 
these  wonders,  I  say  that  the  wonders  of  the  Bible  are  insignificant 
when  done  by  the  Almighty.  [Great  Applause.]  And  a  man  that  can 
believe  these  things  of  man  and  cannot  believe  things  of  God  must 
have  a  poor  kind  of  mind. 

You  see  I  am  an  old-fashioned  kind  of  fellow.  [Voice.  You  are 
all  right.]  To  go  on  with  my  ideal  preacher,  he  has  a  good  many 
other  good  qualities,  but  he  is  here  to-night,  and  I  am  glad  to  welcome 
him.  I  trust  that  your  stay  in  our  city  and  in  our  State  will  be  alto 
gether  pleasant,  and  that  when  you  go  to  your  several  fields  of  labor 
you  will  carry  a  few  pleasant  memories  of  your  visit  to  Kansas,  and  of 
your  visit  to  this  capital  city,  and  that  you  will  carry  away  with  you 
a  good  deal  of  the  sunshine  ;of  the  blessings  of  our  prairies  and  valleys, 
and  catch  the  enthusiasm  which  animates  our  people.  [Great  ap 
plause.] 


52 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN   CHRIST 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  certainly  think  that  you  are  all  delighted, 
and  that  you  are  all  pleased.  You  now  have  a  ready  clue  in  what  you 
have  heard  reported,  in  the  papers,  and  now  by  evidence,  touching  the 
State  of  Kansas,  and  that  is  that  Governor  Hoch  had  no  sooner  come 
into  power  than  the  State  began  to  clean  up  [applause],  and  I  think 
that  the  State  of  Kansas  ought  to  be  glad  he  came  to  the  throne  at 
such  a  time  as  this. 

It  is  now  my  pleasure  to  introduce  to  you  one  of  the  very  distin 
guished  ministers  and  authors  in  the  State  of  Kansas,  a  man  living  in 
this  capital  city,  and  a  man  greatly  beloved  by  all  of  the  people  of  the 
State.  If  it  were  not  for  the  mere  formality  of  an  introduction  I  am 
sure  that  he  would  not  need  to  be  introduced  to  you,  for  you  are  al 
ready  very  well  acquainted  with  him.  He  has  a  world-wide  reputa 
tion.  That  one  book  he  has  written  is  world-wide  in  its  reading  and 
influence,  "In  His  Steps."  That  book  makes  its  author  immortal, 
and  I  am  sure  that  the  author  of  that  book  must  be  in  the  happiest 
rhythm  with  his  Lord,  for  no  man  could  write  such  a  book  as  that 
who  does  not  walk  closely  in  the  footsteps  of  his  Master.  I  am  sure 
that  you  will  be  very  glad  to  hear  from  the  author  of  this  and  other 
books  that  have  had  such  wide  reading  and  have  had  such  wonderfvil 
influence  upon  thousands  and  millions  of  readers.  I  speak  of  Rev. 
Mr.  Sheldon,  D.  D.,  a  writer  of  world  fame,  the  widely-known  priestly 
poet.  [Great  applause.] 

DR.  CHARLES  SHELDON'S  ADDRESS  OF  WELCOME. 

DEAR  BROTHERS  AND  SISTERS:  The  only  thing  I  lack  in  the  intro 
duction  was  the  fact  that  I  was  not  spoken  of  as  a  Methodist.  [Great 
applause.]  I  like  to  believe,  however,  that  I  belong  to  all  denomina 
tions  ;  I  will  claim  that  privilege  here  to-night. 

Fortunately  or  unfortunately  for  myself  and  others,  I  am  in  the 
course  of  events  the  oldest  resident  pastor  in  this  city.  On  this  ac 
count,  I  suppose,  conferences  and  conventions  like  this  feel  bound  in 
courtesy  to  invite  me  to  give  words  of  greeting  and  welcome  to  their 
gatherings.  This  of  course  is  no  hardship  to  me  personally,  but  some 
thing  of  an  embarrassment,  as  I  have  not  yet  been  able  to  invent  or 
compose  a  stereotyped  form  of  address  which  will  answer  the  purpose 
for  ail  occasions,  and  fit  gatherings  of  various  sorts,  like  religious, 
political,  medical,  social,  agricultural,  and  scientific  bodies. 

In  course  of  time  I  think  I  may  succeed  in  working  out  such  a  form 
of  welcome  and  thus  save  myself  much  labor  and  make  sure  of  saying 
the  same  pleasant  things  to  all  the  strangers  within  our  gates,  to  the 
offense  of  none  of  them  and  the  equal  approbation  of  all. 

53 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

I  hasten,  however,  to  assure  you,  fathers  and  brethren,  that  inas 
much  as  I  have  not  yet  succeeded  in  framing  this  future  address  of 
welcome,  this  present  one  is  entirely  new  and  spontaneous,  with  noth 
ing  stereotyped  or  copyrighted,  given  out  of  the  heart,  not  perfunc 
torily,  but  with  sincerest  and  deepest  good  will,  and  with  a  personal 
sense  of  privilege  that  I  am  permitted  the  high  honor  of  voicing  the 
welcome  of  my  esteemed  brothers  in  the  ministry  and  the  members  of 
all  the  religious  denominations  of  the  city  and  State. 

There  are  about  sixty  churches  in  Topeka  with  a  combined  member 
ship  of  about  fourteen  thousand  souls.  We  have  a  population  of  about 
forty-three  thousand  people.  Hence  this  makes  about  one  in  every 
three  of  our  people  inside  the  church  fold.  If  to  this  number  is  added 
the  Sunday-school  membership  not  yet  on  the  church  rolls,  together 
with  those  who  are  worshipers  and  attendants  on  church  service  or 
engaged  more  or  less  in  church  work,  it  is  safe  to  say  that  at  least  one- 
half  the  population  is  touched,  influenced,  or  shaped  by  the  church  of 
Christ.  Add  to  this  the  constituencies  of  the  Y.  M.  C.  A.,  the  Salva 
tion  Army,  and  other  religious  bodies  that  call  the  church  "mother," 
and  it  is  within  bounds  to  say  that  we  believe  our  city  would  in  its 
population  aggregate  a  majority  of  persons  who  hold  the  church  as  a 
factor  of  civilization,  in  high  esteem,  and  count  on  it  as  a  serious  and 
deeply  beneficient  organization  permanently  planted  in  the  social  and 
family  life,  without  which  the  city  would  be  at  the  mercy  of  the  dis 
integrating  and  destructive  forces  which  boil  with  eddying  current 
within  all  civilization  where  passionate  ideals  and  religious  loves  and 
enthusiasms  are  wanting. 

It  is  from  this  large  and  influential  factor  in  our  city  life  that  I 
bring  you  kindest  and  sincerest  greetings.  It  is  something  certainly 
for  you  to  consider  as  worth  while  that  more  than  one-half  the  popula 
tion  of  the  city  is  in  hearty  and  intelligent  sympathy  with  the  avowed 
aims  and  purposes  of  the  church  of  Christ.  It  was  my  good  fortune 
after  the  flood!  two  years  ago  to  ask  the  relief  committee  that  a  cer 
tain  proportion  of  the  money  sent  in  to  us  from  outside  sources  be  set 
apart  for  the  relief  of  the  churches,  and  the  committee  in  promptly 
granting  that  request  realized  the  importance  to  the  people  of  preserv 
ing  and  encouraging  that  institution,  which  more  than  even  commer 
cial  interests  makes  a  people  worth  while  to  itself  and  the  world;  so 
that  you  may  rest  assured  that  these  greetings  from  the  religious 
bodies  of  Topeka  are  brought  with  the  knowledge  that  the  church  as 
an  institution  is  regarded  by  the  business  interests  of  the  city  also  as  a 
real  and  powerful  asset  in  the  city's  summing  up  of  values. 

More  than  a  greeting  from  a  nominal  majority  of  the  population, 
however,  is  the  greeting  which  the  churches  of  Topeka  bring  you  as 
fraternal  bodies.  When  I  came  to  Topeka  sixteen  years  ago,  I  had 
to  sign  the  Apostles'  Creedi  and  pay  one  dollar  before  I  could  become 
a  member  of  the  Ministerial  Union.  I  am  quite  willing  to  sign  the 
Apostles'  Creed  to-day  as  a  mark  of  my  orthodoxy,  if  I  may  be  granted 

54 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

the  freedom  to  interpret  its  clauses  according  to  my  own  exposition 
of  them,  and  I  would  not  count  it  an  excessive  rebate  to  pay  one  dol 
lar  to  be  a  member  of  such  a  pleasant  and  profitable  fellowship  as  our 
union  is  to-day.  But  it  is  a  sign  of  change  and  progress  in  the  church 
that  no  such  regulation  exists  in  our  constitution  now,  and  if  I  came 
to  Topeka  as  a  minister  in  good  standing  with  my  own  people,  I  would 
be  received  without  farther  question  as  to  my  theology,  and  the  pay 
ment  of  twenty-five  cents.  So  we  have  made  some  progress  in  the  last 
sixteen  years.  This  progress  is  along  the  line  not  of  freedom  away 
from  the  real  faith  delivered  to  the  saints,  but  along  the  line  of  a 
large,  and,  I  believe,  a  healthier  interpretation  of  Christ's  desire  that 
his  disciples  might  be  one.  We  talk  about  church  union — you  are  go 
ing  to  talk  about  it  in  this  great  Conference — and  sometimes  I  think 
we  hardly  realize  that  it  is  almost  now  an  accomplished  fact.  I  do 
not  think,  my  brothers,  of  a  single  real  issue  which  affects  the  moral 
and  spiritual  welfare  of  this  city,  upon  which  all  the  churches  here  are 
not  practically  a  unit  to-day.  We  meet  on  a  fraternal  platform  as 
churches  to  discuss  practically  all  the  every-day  questions  that  affect 
men's  upward  living,  how  to  get  them  into  the  kingdom  of  God  and 
how  to  keep  them  there.  In  cases  of  moral  emergency,  we  are,  all 
denominations,  ready  to  move  as  one  body  for  the  general  good  of  the 
whole  city.  If  that  is  not  practical  union  I  do  not  know  what  it  is. 
The  basis  of  our  fellowship  is  no  longer  centered  about  a  man-built 
creed,  but  it  is  based  on  a  mutual  desire  to  advance  the  kingdom  of 
God.  Sixteen  years  ago  I  am  quite  sure  the  Ministerial  Union  of  this 
city  never  would  have  considered  it  a  part  of  its  business  to  have  a 
legislative  committee  as  a  part  of  its  organization,  the  members  of 
which  were  to  take  an  active  part  in  seeing  that  the  State  was  influ 
enced  to  secure  Christian  legislation.  We  have  such  a  committee  now. 
More  and  more  it  is  coming  to  be  the  unanimous  desire  of  the  churches 
to  give  a  practical  service  to  the  social  life  of  men  just  as  they  live. 
The  social  consciousness  of  the  church  has  risen  to  a  keener  sense  of 
itself  than  ever  before  known,  and  it  does  not  insist  upon  even  so  npble 
a  creed  as  the  Apostles'  for  membership  in  its  fraternal  body,  but 
rather  lays  emphasis  upon  the  great  creed  of  Christ,  which  I  believe 
will  ultimately  unite  in  truth  all  Christendom,  and  that  creed  is 
supreme  love  to  God  and  supreme  love  to  man.  On  that  creed  the 
church  is  fast  coming  to  unite.  When  once  it  unites  there,  with 
passionate  and  positive  enthusiasm,  not  one-half,  but  practically  the 
whole  of  this  city  can  be  won  to  God,  and  our  country  will  become 
not  nominally,  but  really  Christian. 

It  is  also  a  particular  and  special  pleasure  that  I  take  in  welcoming 
this  Conference  to  the  capital  city  of  the  State  of  Kansas.  You  would 
naturally  be  disappointed  to  come  to  Kansas  and  listen  to  a  Kansas 
man  and  not  hear  Something  said  in  praise  of  the  State.  A  nine-year- 
old  boy  went  to  India  to  visit  his  grandfather,  who  was  a  missionary 
at  Simla.  Writing  home  to  his  little  sister,  he  said,  having  been  im- 

55 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

pressed  with  the  peculiar  brilliancy  of  the  Oriental  night:  "Out  here 
we  have  a  bigger  moon  than  you  do,  and  we  keep  it  better  polished." 
Out  here  in  Kansas  we  who  are  familiar  with  the  political,  social,  re 
ligious,  and  educational  and  agricultural  luminaries  of  our  clear 
prairie  heavens,  think  they  are  all  bigger  and  brighter  than  in  any 
other  State  of  the  Union.  Kansas  sets  the  standard  pace — that  is, 
Standard  Oil  pace — [applause]  for  all  the  other  States.  We  do  not 
believe  in  waiting  for  anybody  else  to  do  things,  not  even  for  that 
swift  and  progressive  body  called  the  United  States  Senate.  We  are 
poor  imitators.  We  have  made  a  specialty  of  originality,  and  some 
times  we  are  not  able  to  live  up  to  ourselves,  and  most  of  the  time  we 
fail  to  live  up  to  the  exaggerated  press  reports  sent  out  by  our  own  en 
terprising  reporters. 

But  if  we  sometimes  seem  to  appreciate  ourselves  out  here  in  Kan 
sas,  it  is  because  we  think  we  have  reason  for  it.  We  welcome  you  to 
a  city  of  over  forty  thousand  people,  in  which  not  a  single  legalized 
saloon  exists.  It  is  true  there  may  be  some  illegal  places  where  liquor 
is  sold,  but  that  fact  is  not  for  one  moment  as  shameful  to  confront  as 
a  legalized  saloon  about  which  there  is  no  protest.  People  down  East 
often  say  to  me,  "You  are  always  having  trouble  in  Kansas  over  the 
liquor  business,  aren't  you?"  And  I  say,  "Yes,  we  are,  and  it  is  a 
thousand  times  better  to  be  always  having  trouble  with  the  devil  than 
to  sit  down  the  way  you  do  and  be  at  peace  with  him."  [Great  ap 
plause.]  Those  of  us  who  understand  the  situation  out  here  grow  very 
tired  of  hearing  the  passing  stranger  in  Kansas  say,  "Prohibition  does 
not  prohibit,  and  the  law  makes  hypocrites  and  perjurers."  I  venture 
to  say  that  where  one  man  in  Kansas  is  made  a  hypocrite  or  perjurer 
on  account  of  the  prohibitory  law,  one  hundred  men  perjure  them 
selves  in  every  State  in  the  Union  when  the  tax  assessor  comes  around. 
The  great  thing  that  exists  here  in  this  city  to  which  we  welcome  you 
is  the  spirit  of  protest  against  wrong.  A  city  administration,  a  county 
attorney,  a  district  court  that  attempts  to  nullify  our  prohibitory  law 
in  this  city  passes  under  the  harrow  of  public  disapproval,  the  largest 
quantity  of  which  is  formed  in  the  churches.  Woe  to  a  city  when  it 
loses  out  of  its  civic  life  the  spirit  of  protest  against  wrong !  No  mat 
ter  how  tall  its  buildings  or  how  deep  the  hum  of  its  factories,  or  how 
high  it  piles  up  the  bloody  heap  of  greed,  it  is  doomed  like  Sodom  and 
Gomorrah.  We  are  thankful,  brothers,  that  while  we  sorrow  over 
whatever  is  lawless  and  evil  in  our  fair  city  to-day,  we  nevertheless  can 
say  to  you  and  all  the  world,  without  fear  of  refutal,  that  there  are 
more  than  seven  thousand  here  who  have  not  bowed  the  knee  to  the 
great  Baal  of  lawlessness,  and  who  never  will  as  long  as  our  city  and 
our  State  demand  our  loyal  and  loving  service  in  the  name  of  God  and 
home,  of  country  and  motherhood,  of  righteousness  and  Christ.  [Great 
applause.] 

Into  this  atmosphere  of  protest  against  wrong  and  affirmative  ac 
ceptance  of  the  principles  laid  down  by  our  Lord  to  build  up  righteous- 

56 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

ness  on  the  earth  we  welcome  you.  The  best  thing  we  have  here  is 
not  our  buildings,  our  public  improvements,  our  commercial  or  busi 
ness  enterprise,  good  as  they  all  may  be,  but  the  best  we  have  here  is 
summed  up  in  the  Christian  life  which  is  an  abiding  force  in  the 
hearts  of  the  people.  We  welcome  you  to  this  best  and  pray  God^s 
richest  blessings  may  come  into  all  your  deliberations  as  you  talk  and 
plan  and  pray  for  the  building  up  of  the  kingdom  of  God  in  the  hearts 
of  men. 

In  bringing  you  these  greetings,  therefore,  I  am  sure  I  voice  the 
unanimous  desire  of  all  my  brethren  in  the  ministry  that  this  United 
Brethren  Church  may  prove  its  right  to  exist  by  existing  to  do  right, 
accepting  the  divine  terms  of  its  service  and  adding  its  contribution 
to  the  sum  total  of  a  united  Christendom.  .  You  have  a  very  splendid 
dame  for  your  denomination.  It  is  one  of  the  best 'in  the  list.  There 
is  no  reason  why  the  churches  of  the  United  States  should  not  hold 
the  balance  of  power  when  it  comes  to  plain  issues  of  right  and  wrong 
for  the  people.  If  the  Christian  people  of  this  republic  all  voted  one 
way  when  the  issue  was  plainly  one  of  selection  of  principles  instead  of 
parties,  of  righteousness  instead  of  candidates,  we  could  have  the 
cleanest,  happiest,  most  prosperous  country  on  the  earth.  [Applause.] 
Among  the  great  things  which  the  disciples  of  Christ  are  here  to  do 
is  to  act  together  in  building  up  the  kingdom  of  God.  The  key-note 
of  every  church  should  always  be,  "Thy  kingdom  come,  thy  will  be 
done  on  earth  as  it  is  in  heaven."  That  key-note  does  not  permit  any 
discord  along  lines  of  sectarian  division  or  jealousy.  It  does  not  give 
room  for  enthusiasm  over  church  millinery,  or  non-essentials  of  ritual 
or  worship  or  the  gilt  gingerbread  of  aesthetics  in  music,  forms,  or 
dogma.  We  are  here  to  save  men.  It  is  the  business  of  the  church  to 
build  up  the  kingdom,  to  go  to  the  lost,  because  we  have  first  of  all 
been  to  Christ.  It  will  be  a  glorious  day  for  the  church  which  we  love 
when  all  Christ's  disciples  agree  on  the  main  point,  and  give  one 
another  perfect  freedom  in  non-essentials,  and!  while  we  may  not  yet 
be  Christian  enough  to  agree  as  to  what  all  the  non-essentials  are,  we 
certainly  are  all  agreed,  if  we  are  Christian  in  any  sense,  in  the  great 
essential  in  live-saving.  That  is  the  main  reason  why  the  church  has 
any  right  to  exist.  If  it  is  not  a  life  saver,  it  is  as  much  out  of  place 
as  a  so-called  life-saving  station  on  a  dangerous  coast,  where  there 
were  no  boats,  the  crew  did  not  know  how  to  row  or  swim,  and  spent 
their  time  and  were  paid  a  salary  to  pick  up  and  classify  the  pretty 
pebbles  and  shells  on  the  beach  during  pleasant  weather. 

The  United  Brethren  Church  has  a  history  of  sturdy  adherence  to 
great  truth.  The  story  of  its  sacrifices  for  conscience  and  Christ  is 
luminous  with  glory;  but  I  believe  its  greatest  service  is  yet  to  be 
rendered  to  the  w,orld.  In  company  with  those  who  honor  its  valuable 
service  to  God  and  the  kingdom,  I  pray  for  his  blessing  to  rest  upon 
its  great  work,  and  as  I  bring  to  you  the  earnest  good  wishes  of  the 
Christians  of  this  city,  it  is  my  prayer  that  the  Master  may  bless 

57 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

richly  all  your  pastors  and  their  people,  and  use  you  greatly  to  ad 
vance  his  kingdom  in  the  hearts  of  men  and  help  do  your  part  to  bring 
about  that  golden  age  when  he  who  is  our  one  Lord  and  Master  shall 
be  able  to  look  upon  his  church,  for  which  he  gave  the  best  he  had, 
which  was  himself,  and  see  all  the  different  bodies  working  side  by 
side  in  loving  and  fraternal  unity,  bound  together  by  the  love  bands 
of  a  common  purpose,  to  save  men,  and  singing  the  same  song  of 
praise  to  him  who  has  taught  us  all  to  pray  the  same  prayer,  "Thy 
will  be  done  on  earth  as  it  is  in  heaven."  [Applause.] 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  will  ask  you  to  change  your  positions  for 
a  moment  while  we  shall  have  singing  led  by  Brother  Lorenz.  You 
will  please  stand  and  sing  /'Onward,  Christian  soldiers,  marching  as 
to  war." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  now  have  the  privilege  of  introducing  to 
you  a  man  very  well  known  throughout  our  denomination,  and  very 
well  known  throughout  the  State  of  Kansas.  I  refer  to  Hon.  Matt 
Edmonds.  He  was  born  in  England,  and  I  believe  this  accounts  for 
something  of  that  warm,  ardent,  fighting  temperament  that  is  so  man 
ifest  in  him.  I  mean  in  a  very  good  sense  that  word  "fighting  tem 
perament."  He  spent  his  boyhood  near  Chicago,  Illinois,  came  to- 
the  State  of  Kansas  when  a  mere  child,  and  has  been  identified  with 
the  State  in  its  struggles  up  to  the  present  time.  He  has  served  a 
number  of  terms  in  the  legislature  and  in  the  senate  of  this  State, 
and  has  always  taken  a  stand  for  principles  of  righteousness  and 
better  legislation.  It  was  my  privilege  some  two  or  three  weeks  ago 
to  be  dining  at  a  place  where  there  were  some  gentlemen  of  distinc 
tion  eating  at  the  same  table,  and  they  had  occasion  to  mention  his 
name.  Of  course,  I  was  all  ears  at  that  time,  but  everything  said  of 
him  was  very  commendable.  I  was  satisfied,  of  course,  to  hold  my 
peace  and  listen,  for  I  had  nothing  to  ventilate  on  that  line. 

I  suppose  a  man  loves  his  native  country  whether  he  was  born  there 
or  not.  [Applause.]  I  suppose  Brother  Edmonds  loves  old  England, 
but  I  am  sure  his  long  residence  here  has  made  this  country  very  dear 
to  him.  When  I  have  listened  to  him  in  several  General  Conferences, 
of  which  he  has  been  a  member,  I  thought  I  have  had  a  clue  to  why 
you  have  cyclones  here  in  Kansas.  I  think  he  never  addressed  our 
body  but  we  have  had  a  very  cyclone.  As  you  will  remember,  at 
the  last  General  Conference,  when  he  made  his  plea  for  this  asso 
ciation  to  be  held  in  the  capital  of  this  State,  he  turned  the  Conference 

58 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

into  a  very  cyclone.     I  now  have  the  pleasure  of  introducing  to  you 
Hon.  Matt  Edmonds.    [Applause.] 

MR.  EDMONDS'S  ADDRESS  OF  WELCOME. 

MR.  CHAIRMAN  LADIES  AND  GENTLEMEN,  AND  DELEGATES  TO  THIS 
CONVENTION  :  I  never  felt  happier  in  my  life  than  I  do  now  that  I 
am  a  Kansan.  I  never  felt  that  I  was  in  better  company  than  I  am 
now,  and  I  am  very  glad  that  I  have  got  a  fair  character,  or  the  bishop 
would  have  told  you  all  about  it.  I  do  not  know  where  he  got  hold  of 
so  much  of  my  history.  [Bishop  Castle.  I  have  been  on  your  trail.] 
But  I  am  proud  that  I  have  been  a  citizen  of  Kansas,  as  he  said, 
since  it  has  been  a  territory.  It  has  been  an  experience  that  has  been 
worth  a  great  deal  to  me — that  I  would  not  trade  for  any  man's  expe 
rience  among  the  Alleghenies,  or  down  East  among  the  rocks  that  are 
there.  When  I  travel  East  I  generally  travel  by  rail.  I  do  not  know 
very  much  about  it;  but  I  did  camp  a  while  at  Frederick  City,  Mary 
land,  and  I  got  quite  familiar  there  with  some  things.  I  remember 
when  I  was  a  boy,  I  was  in  Indiana,  and  it  is  almost  impossible  for 
me  to  believe  what  I  saw  with  my  own  eyes.  To-day  you  folks  call  it 
a  great  State.  You  have  got  a  great  State  and  good  government,  I 
admit,  but  I  remember  when  they  threshed  wheat  out  in  Indiana  with 
horses  by  going  round  in  a  circle,  tramping  it  out.  I  believe  they  do 
that  yet  down  in  Egypt.  I  want  to  say  this :  I  have  never  traveled 
afoot  or  by  wagon  in  Indiana  since,  so  I  do  not  know  how  much  they 
have  changed,  but  I  presume  they  have.  In  Kansas,  in  the  early  days, 
I  can  remember  wh£n  we  did  not  have  a  decent  buggy,  I  believe,  in 
the  State.  If  there  was  one,  I  did  not  see  it.  There  was  hardly  a 
spring  wagon,  and  I  remember  the  first  one  that  came  into  our  family. 
My  father  lived  down  in  Jefferson  County,  and  some  kind  of  a  peddler 
came  along  in  a  spring  wagon.  Father  had  quite  a  little  herd  of 
horses — about  twenty-five  or  thirty — but,  having  no  buggy  or  single 
rig,  none  of  them  were  broken  to  work  single.  Old  Jenny  would  work 
in  a  ring,  but  she  was  never  broken  to  work  to  wagon,  and  would  not 
work  in  anything  else.  When  this  change  was  made  mother  was  away 
from  home,  and  father  waited  until  the  day  when  she  was  on  her  re 
turn,  and  he  said  to  my  brother  Zech,  "You  hitch  up  old  Jenny  to 
that  spring  wagon  and  go  and  bring  mother  home;  I  know  that  she 
will  be  proud  of  this  rig."  Well,  Zech  could  not  drive  old  Jenny,  but 
he  could  lead  her;  so  he  started  off,  and  when  he  got  four  miles  from 
home  he  met  mother,  but  before  she  got  up  close  to  him,  he  turned 
around  and  said,  "Mother,  you  lead  a  while  and  let  me  ride."  [Great 
applause.] 

The  Bishop  says  I  am  English.  Well,  I  do  not  deny  it.  My  father 
was  English  and  so  was  my  mother,  but  I  was  somewhat  diverted. 
The  first  couple  that  I  ever  knew  to  marry  and  come  to  Kansas  to 
spend  their  honeymoon  were  English.  They  got  married  in  England, 

59 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

and  took  the  first  boat  for  America.  This  was  twelve  or  fifteen  years 
after  I  came  to  Kansas;  and  this  couple  landed  in  Jefferson  County. 
They  wore  better  clothes  than  we  did,  and  they  thought  they  were 
somebody,  as  they  were  from  England,  and  the  lady  talked  about  our 
facilities,  our  churches,  and  our  opportunities  for  church  and  wor 
ship.  Of  course,  we  did  not  have  any  churches;  we  worshiped  in  the 
schoolhouse,  and  it  was  the  teacher's  place  to  keep  it  swept  out.  He 
did  not  like  to  sweep  it  out  on  Friday  night  to  benefit  the  church 
people,  and  we  did  not  sweep  it  out  for  him,  and  this  English  lady 
found  a  great  deal  of  fault  with  the  meeting-house.  She  said  we  were 
uncivilized  and  uncultured.  "Well,"  says  I,  "you  ought  to  have  been 
here  when  I  first  came  to  Kansas,  when  we  had  to  lariat  the  children 
on  Sunday  morning  to  put  clean  shirts  on  them." 

But  there  is  something  about  our  education  in  Kansas  that  is  re 
markable.  You  may  talk  about  going  to  colleges  and  schools.  Of 
course  we  did  not  have  them  here  in  that  early  day,  but  we  had  one 
of  the  best  schools  to  try  what  kind  of  stuff  we  were  made  of  that  you 
have  anywhere  in  the  United  States.  We  had  the  drouth  in  1860, 
and,  like  that  writing  that  was  on  the  wall,  one  debt  of  gratitude  we 
owe  to  the  soldier  and  another  we  owe  to  you  people  down  East  who 
took  care  of  us  through  the  year  of  I860  and  helped  us  to  bridge  over. 
We  were  thinned  out  considerably.  As  I  said,  it  was  a  school.  A 
great  many  went  back  East  for  you  to  feed,  but  those  who  stayed  here, 
you  also  fed.  Then  we  had  the  grasshopper  year.  That  was  more 
trying  than  the  other;  and  yet  you  helped  us  some  at  that  time.  This 
tried  men's  hearts  again  as  to  what  kind  of  stuff  they  were  made  of. 
Thus  they  were  thinned  out  again,  and  only  the  best  were  left  here. 
[Great  applause.]  That  is  why  I  think  we  have  got  the  best  young 
men  and  the  most  heroic  women.  Our  men  here  don't  all  part  their 
hair  in  the  middle,  nor  the  women  on  the  side,  but  I  think  we  have 
got  the  best  to  be  found  anywhere,  because  they  have  been  tried.  There 
have  been  times  since  then  here  in  Kansas  that  we  have  built  and  pros 
pered.  I  don't  want  to  say  too  much  about  Kansas,  because  I  am  too 
modest  for  that  [laughter],  but  there  has  been  a  time  when  we  built 
three  schoolhouses  and  a  half  011  an  average  a  day,  and  to-day  they 
are  dotted  all  over  the  State,  and  churches  also.  Where  we  were 
bankrupt  then,  we  have  plenty  of  money  now. 

I  went  down  to  Boston  to  the  Christian  Endeavor  Convention,  and 
the  people  watched  me  when  they  found  out  I  was  from  Kansas. 
[Great  applause.]  There  was  one  lady  and  a  young  man,  the  day  the 
different  churches  met,  and  had  a  kind  of  rally,  who  asked  that  I  say 
something  about  Kansas.  I  never  said  anything  bad  about  Kansas, 
and  it  did  not  make  any  difference  where  I  was.  The  lady  sent  the 
young  man  to  me  as  soon  as  I  took  my  seat,  and  she  wanted  to  in 
terview  me.  She  said,  "I  understand  you  are  from  Kansas  ?"  I  said, 
"Yes,  ma'am."  "You  see,"  she  said,  "I  have  some  bonds  out  there, 
and  I  thought  perhaps  you  could  tell  me  whether  they  are  good  or 

60 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IN   CHRIST 

not."  When  I  found  out  where  they  were  located,  I  had  my  serious 
doubts.  While  I  could  tell  her  the  truth  about  Kansas,  I  did  not  like 
to  tell  her  the  truth  about  her  bonds;  but  to-day  we  have  got  $100,- 
000,000  in  the  banks,  and  if  you  folks  get  hard  up  down  East  we  can 
help  you  out. 

I  am  glad  to  see  you  boys  this  evening,  and- 1  know  I  have  got  to 
be  a  little  bit  careful  how  I  talk.  Now  it  did  not  make  any  difference 
when  I  was  down  there  at  Frederick.  I  was  talking  then  to  bring 
you  here,  but  I  have  got  you  here,  and  there  is  nothing  gives  me 
greater  pleasure  than  to  welcome  you  to  this  great  commonwealth  of 
Kansas.  I  do  not  think  I  over-estimated  anything,  and  you  will  say 
when  you  go  home  I  did  not  tell  you  half. 

One  of  these  men  from  down  in  Pennsylvania,  who  has  been  josh 
ing  me  a  little,  says  he  struck  a  place  in  Kansas  where  they  still  have 
horse-cars,  but  he  said  they  were  running  them  with  mules.  I  think 
that  he  wandered  off  down  here  in  southwest  Missouri  somewhere; 
he  wasn't  in  Kansas  at  all.  [Great  applause.]  He  got  into  some 
place  like  that  little  girl  had  her  suspicions  about.  She  knelt  down 
to  pray,  one  evening,  as  she  had  been  taught,  and  when  she  got  through 
with  her  prayers  she  bid  the  Lord  good-by  for  ten  days.  "Why,"  said 
her  mother,  "Katie,  what  do  you  mean  by  bidding  the  Lord  good-by  for 
ten  days  ?"  "Why,"  said  she,  "ain't  we  going  to  Missouri  to-morrow  ?" 
[Great  applause.] 

I  am  glad  the  governor  gave  you  a  right  good  talk,  and  Dr.  Sheldon 
gave  you  one  also.  When  you  are  up  in  the  Capitol  Building  go  into 
the  agricultural  office  and  see  what  Dr.  Sheldon  said  he  would  do  if 
he  were  a  farmer.  I  have  read  "In  His  Steps"  and  other  things,  but 
I  read  his  address  there  before  the  State  Agricultural  Board  telling 
about  what  he  would  do  if  he  were  a  farmer.  I  was  very  much  de 
lighted  with  it,  but  it  is  a  good  thing  for  Dr.  Sheldon  that  he  did  not 
have  to  put  it  into  practice.  [Great  applause.] 

I  want  to  thank  you  folks  of  the  East  for  coming  here  to  Kansas. 
I  am  satisfied  that  when  you  go  home  you  will  know  a  great  deal  more, 
and  thtft  you  will  be  healthier  after  you  enjoy  the  climate  here.  I 
believe  I  did  promise  you  at  Frederick  that  you  could  stay  here  if  you 
wanted  to;  and  if  any  of  you  wanted  to  leave  here,  and  would  not 
stay,  that,  if  you  did  not  have  money  enough  to  get  away  that  we 
would  furnish  it  for  you.  I  do  not  believe  we  will  have  to  furnish  any 
money  for  anybody  to  get  away.  Some  of  you  are  going  to  locate 
here,  and  all  of  you  are  going  to  talk  of  Kansas,  and  I  believe  that  you 
will  all  speak  well  of  her.  I  believe  that  Kansas  will  get  the  best  ad 
vertising  that  she  has  had  since  she  has  been  a  State,  and  it  comes  at  a 
time  really  when  she  don't  need  it.  [Great  applause.]  Kansas  is 
about  self-sustaining.  [Applause.]  We  have  got  fuel,  we  have  got 
oil,  we  have  got  wheat,  we  have  got  corn,  we  have  got  plenty  of  money, 
and  we  have  got  good  roads  here.  We  don't  have  to  macadamize  like 
you  do  down  East.  There  is  nothing  gives  me  greater  pleasure  than 

61 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

to  enjoy  this  visit  with  you,  because  I  have  been  associated  with  you 
now  these  last  four  General  Conferences,  and  my  acquaintance  with 
many  of  you  has  been  very  pleasant.  I  believe  my  association  with 
the  General  Conference  and  your  coming  to  Kansas  is  going  to  add 
ten  years  to  my  life.  [Applause.] 

One  more  thought,  then  I  am  going  to  stop.  P.  T.  Barnum,  you 
will  remember,  contracted  with  Jenny  Lind  to  give  some  one  hundred 
concerts  in  this  country.  He  had  her  well  advertised,  and  he  had 
New  York  all  excited  about  Jenny  Lind.  What  would  he  do  when 
she  came  here?  In  London  he  had  a  large  arch  built,  "Welcome, 
Jenny  Lind,"  and  the  place  was  crowded  with  people.  We  have  not 
built  an  arch  here,  but  we  have  built  one  in  our  hearts.  Every  Kansas 
man  who  comes  in  contact  with  this  Conference  will  form  an  arch 
in  his  heart,  and  it  is  written  there,  "Welcome  to  this  General  Con 
ference."  [Applause.] 

One  more  thought,  then  I  am  done.  [Applause.]  Along  in  the 
afternoon  P.  T.  Barnum  went  down  to  the  room  in  the  hotel  to  visit 
Jenny  Lind.  Well,  like  those  people  across  the  water,  it  would  not 
be  courtesy  if  they  did  not  set  out  a  bottle  of  wine.  She  set  it  out, 
and  she  drank  the  wine  and  P.  T.  Barnum  drank  water.  Now  if  you 
invite  any  of  us  to  your  room,  and  to  your  quarters  here  in  Topeka, 
and  you  have  brought  some  wine  from  down  East,  we  will  have  to  de 
cline  and  drink  water.  [Great  applause.] 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  now  have  the  pleasure  of  introducing 
to  you  our  pastor,  T.  D.  Crites,  who  has  been  in  Kansas  almost  all  his 
life.  From  childhood  he  has  been  a  resident  of  this  State,  and  for 
twelve  years  he  has  been  the  very  efficient  pastor  of  our  church.  He 
has  always  been  a  delight  to  the  people  whom  he  has  served,  and  as 
the  pastor  of  our  church  in  this  city  will  have  some  words  of  welcome 
for  you. 

ADDRESS  OF  WELCOME  FROM  PASTOR  T.  D.  CRITES. 

MR.  CHAIRMAN,  BROTHERS  AND  SISTERS  AND  FRIENDS  :  The  bishop  has 
said  that  I  have  been  a  good  many  years  in  Kansas,  almost  all  my  life, 
but  my  beginning  in  Kansas  was  just  a  few  years  after  the  time  that 
Brother  Edmonds  speaks  about  their  having  to  catch  the  boys  and 
girls  on  Sunday  morning. 

I  have  been  so  busy  with  the  commissary  department  of  this  Gen 
eral  Conference  during  the  last  two  days  that  it  has  been  almost  im 
possible  for  me  to  gather  thoughts  together  and  be  in  anything  like 
form  to  speak  to  you  here  to-night.  I  have  jotted  down  a  few  things 
here  on  paper,  and  I  will  give  you  these. 

This  is  an  occasion  which  the  local  church  in  this  city  has  been 
anticipating  for  four  years.  It  has  often  been  the  subject  of  our  con 
versation  and  the  burden  of  our  prayers.  We  have  recognized  and  in 

62 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

some  measure  at  least  appreciated1  the  honor  that  is  being  conferred 
upon  us  by  your  presence  in  the  city  at  this  time.  It  has  not  been 
without  some  trepidation  that  we  have  thought  and  planned  for  your 
coming;  not  that  we  expected  you  would  in  any  way  be  exacting, 
unreasonable,  or  complaining  of  our  treatment  of  you,  but  rather  on 
account  of  our  inability  to  entertain  and  provide  for  you  in  a  man 
ner  characteristic  of  generous,  big-hearted  Kansas  people.  But  since 
I  have  listened  to  the  words  of  welcome  of  those  who  have  spoken  to 
you  to-night,  my  own  heart  is  encouraged.  I  am  sure  that  you,  dear 
brethren,  delegates,  and  visitors,  who  have  traveled  many  miles  that 
you  might  honor  us  and  our  fair  city  with  your  presence  for  ten  days, 
are  well  worthy  of  the  hearty  welcome  that  has  been  accorded  you  by 
our  esteemed  governor  of  the  State  of  Kansas,  by  my  distinguished 
fellow-pastor,  Dr.  Charles  M.  Sheldon,  as  also  by  our  mutual,  jolly, 
great-hearted,  English  brother  from  McLouth,  through  whose  influ 
ence  in  the  last  General  Conference  at  Frederick  City,  Maryland,  in 
large  measure  accounts  for  your  presence  in  our  city  to-night. 

What  more  can  I  say  to  you  than  these  distinguished  gentlemen 
have  already  said  ?  How  may  you  feel  more  welcome  to  our  State  and 
capital  city  than  you  now  feel  ?  My  vocabulary  is  insufficient  to  ex 
press  to  you  any  sentiment  of  my  heart — and  it  is  full — that  could 
make  you  feel  more  welcome  than  you  already  feel.  I  have  a  pre 
sentiment  that  is  rapidly  crystallizing  into  a  positive  conviction  that 
it  is  not  my  words  so  much  as  my  deeds  that  must  prove  to  you  your 
welcome  by  myself  and  the  local  church. 

I  have  had  some  experiences,  not  at  all  unpleasant,  during  the  last 
few  months,  while  arranging  for  your  coming.  For  several  weeks  I 
have  been  a  much  sought  for  individual.  I  have  been  convinced  that 
I  was  a  very  popular  and  much-beloved  brother  by  many  of  you. 
[Applause.]  I  have  drawn  such  a  conclusion  from  the  number  of 
rose-tinted  epistles  that  you  have  sent  me  concerning  many  things 
during  the  last  few  months.  I  have  tried  to  answer  every  letter  of 
inquiry  as  courteously  as  I  could.  If  the  answer  to  that  particular 
letter  you  sent  me  never  reached  you,  please  charge  it  up  to  the  care 
lessness  of  Uncle  Sam's  mail  clerks,  and  we  will  be  the  better  friends 
for  such  a  disposition  of  the  matter. 

As  pastor  of  the  local  church  and  chairman  of  the  entertainment 
committee  I  have  tried  my  best  to  secure  the  entire  city  for  you.  I 
well  knew  that,  choice  as  are  Kansas  men  and  Kansas  institutions, 
we  had  nothing  too  good  for  you,  and  I  was  assured  that  you 
good  people  would  not  hesitate  to  accept  any  number  of  good  things 
that  I  might  be  able  to  procure  for  you.  Through  years  of  personal 
acquaintance  with  Governor  Hoch  I  was  able  to  secure  him  for  you 
to-night,  and  his  office-building,  the  State  House,  is  yours  for  the 
next  ten  days.  But  I  must  lay  this  injunction  upon  you  right  now — 
you  dare  not  attempt  to  steal  away  our  governor,  for  we  need  just  such 
men  as  Mr.  Hoch  for  governors  out  here  in  Kansas.  Governor  Hoch 

63 


TWENTY-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

has  been  kind  enough  to-night  to  redeem  the  only  campaign  pledge, 
to  my  personal  knowledge,  that  he  made  while  out  touring  the  State 
after  his  nomination  for  governor.  One  morning  during  that  time, 
while  on  a  train  running  out  of  Topeka,  I  met  Mr.  Hoch.  In  the 
course  of  our  conversation  I  asked  him  if  he  would  make  an  address 
on  this  occasion,  contingent,  of  course,  on  his  being  elected  governor 
of  the  State.  I  was  out  after  a  governor.  He  answered  me  that  if 
elected  he  would  be  delighted  to  speak  to  you  to-night.  When  a  few 
weeks  ago  I  mentioned  the  fact  to  him,  strange  to  say  the  incident 
and  promise,  like  many  campaign  pledges,  had  almost  been  forgotten. 
[Applause.]  With  you  to-night  I  am  glad  the  governor  has  redeemed 
his  pledge. 

I  was  able  to  secure  for  you  to-night  Topeka's  most  distinguished 
author-preacher,  Dr.  Charles  M.  Sheldon,  who  has  in  his  characteristic 
way  welcomed  you  to  the  city.  The  committee  secured  the  presence 
on  this  platform  of  Hon.  Matt  Edmonds,  of  McLouth,  who  has  spoken 
to  you  to-night ;  and  I  would  have  been  glad  had  he  verified  the  prom 
ise  that  was  made  by  him  at  Frederick  City,  Maryland,  when  asking 
for  the  General  Conference  in  Topeka — that  he  would  furnish  a  car- 
Toad  of  fat  steers  for  the  delegates.  We  are  glad  that  he  is  here,  but 
rather  sorry  that  he  left  the  fat  cattle  at  home. 

So  I  say  the  governor  of  our  State,  the  Capitol  Building,  this  splen 
did  Auditorium,  the  hotels  of  the  city,  many  of  the  private  homes, 
the  street  railway,  the  business  concerns,  the  exhilarating  atmosphere, 
the  gentle  zephyrs,  all  are  yours.  The  entire  city  is  yours;  you  may 
have  it  all,  so  far  as  I  am  concerned,  for  I  don't  own  a  foot  of  it. 

You  will  be  reminded  often  while  here  that  you  are  away  out  in 
Kansas,  not  because  of  the  presence  of  anything  running  wild,  unless 
you  get  lost,  but  because  you  will  be  compelled  to  recognize  that 
Kansas  is  the  best  State  in  the  Union,  except,  of  course,  in  your  opin 
ion,  the  State  you  came  from.  Be  it  remembered  by  you  that  Kansas 
is  the  State  of  which  Bishop  McCabe  said,  "Kansas  is  the  most  Chris 
tian  commonwealth  in  the  Union";  and  by  our  own  governor  is  de 
nominated  the  "juicy  meat  of  the  great  American  sandwich." 

The  very  style  of  architecture  of  the  Capitol  Building,  in  which 
your  session  will  be  held,  will  daily  suggest  to  you  the  aspirations  of 
Kansas  after  greatness  and  a  desire  to  excel.  In  the  history  of  archi 
tecture  from  the  early  times  it  is  to  be  observed  that  in  the  planning 
of  public  buildings  the  columns  of  Roman  and  Grecian  periods 
have  been  retained,  while  in  the  matter  of  a  dome  and  spire  there  has 
been  a  decided  change  and  progress.  When  the  dome  first  appeared 
on  public  buildings  it  was  merely  a  convex  covering  of  the  building 
proper.  Afterwards  the  dome  was  lifted  one  story  above  the  main 
structure,  then  later  two  stories ;  such  is  the  national  Capitol  at  Wash 
ington.  But  as  civilization  forged  westward  and  crossed  into  Kansas, 
and  the  time  came  to  put  into  solid  form  the  Kansas  idea  of  being 
at  the  head  of  the  procession,  our  State  House  was  built  with  three 

64 


BISHOP  N.  CASTLE,  D.D. 

SENIOR  BISHOP. 

First  elected  in  1S77.    Elected  Bixhop  Emeritus  in  1005. 


BISHOP  E.  B.  KKTHAKT,  D.I).,   LL.D. 

First  elected  in  1881.    Elected  Bishop  Emeritus,  1905, 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

stories  above  the  main  building  and  the  dome  towering  above.  So 
Kansas  buildings  and  Kansas  men  and  women  seek  to  reach  the  stars, 
even  though  it  be  through  difficulty. 

We  welcome  you  to-night  to  our  churches,  to  our  city,  and  to  our 
State.  We  are  anxious  that  you  cultivate  a  close  acquaintance  with 
our  history,  our  institutions,  and  our  men  and  women  of  the  pro 
fessions  and  affairs,  so  that  when  you  return  to  your  far-away  homes 
you  may  speak  a  good  word  for  Kansas  and  her  people.  Those  of  you 
who  go  no  further  west  in  the  State  than  this  city  will  have  a  very 
inadequate  conception  of  our  great  State  with  its  wide  stretches  of 
tilled  acres  and  pasture  lands.  The  great  grain  fields  and  grazing 
tracts  lie  to  the  westward,  the  mineral  wealth  of  the  State  to  the  south 
and  southwest,  the  natural  gas  and  oil  to  the  south  and  southeast. 
It  must  be  remembered  that  Kansas  is  four  hundred  miles  in  extent 
from  east  to  west,  and  that  those  living  on  the  western  line  are 
twenty-eight  hundred  feet  nearer  heaven  than  those  at  Kansas  City, 
Kansas.  We  are  a  little  farther  removed  from  perdition  here  than  at 
Kansas  City. 

We  of  Topeka  are  determined  to  do  the  very  best  we  can  for  you. 
We  want  to  satisfy  you  and  make  you  comfortable.  If  we  run  out  of 
supplies  with  which  to  feed  you  we  will  telegraph  for  a  few  carloads 
and  have  the  stuff  delivered  on  the  next  train.  If  our  salt  of  hospi 
tality  loses  its  savor  we  will  send  out  to  our  great  salt  fields  at  Hutch- 
inson  for  a  fresh  supply.  Should  the  machinery  of  the  Conference 
get  creaky  and  need  lubrication  we  will  pipe  in  some  Kansas  crude 
oil;  not  Standard  oil,  but  Kansas  oil.  [Applause.]  Supposing  a 
condition  to  exist  that  is  almost  beyond  the  range  of  supposition — 
that  the  Conference  should  run  short  on  natural  gas,  we  will  rush  the 
laying  of  the  pipes  that  are  to  bring  in  the  supply,  that  there  may  be 
a  sufficiency.  [Applause.]  We  want  you  to  enjoy  all  that  there  is  in 
Kansas.  We  have  sent  in  a  special  order  for  good  weather;  and  when 
Kansas  weather  is  good  it  is  exceptionally  good,  but  when  it  is  bad  it 
is  sometimes  exceedingly  bad.  We  wish  we  had  the  power  to  make  the 
entire  commonwealth  contribute  to  your  pleasure. 

I  was  not  a  little  concerned  a  few  weeks  ago  when  it  seemed  ap 
parent  that  you  were  going  to  be  faced  with  a  strong — I  lay  em 
phasis  on  strong — temptation  when  you  arrived!  in  our  fair  city;  but 
thanks  to  an  aroused  public  conscience,  awakened  public  officials,  and 
the  emphatic  word  of  our  governor,  I  have  the  pleasure  to  welcome 
you  to-night  to  a  jointless  town,  where  liquor-selling  is  a  crime,  and 
the  man  who  handles  it  considered  an  outlaw. 

Out  of  the  kindness  of  my  heart  for  you,  there  are  a  few  things 
against  which  I  should  warn  you  who  come  from  the  East.  The  cli 
mate  of  Kansas  is  very  remarkable.  The  wind  will  put  a  beautiful 
nut-brown  color  on  your  face,  and  take  the  long  brown  taste  out  of 
your  mouth,  and  give  you  such  an  appetite,  joined  with  an  almost  ir 
resistible  desire  to  sleep,  as  you  never  experienced  in  any  other  State. 

65 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

A  delegate  who  lias  been  here  for  a  week  bears  testimony,  and  says 
that  she  never  ate  and  slept  so  much  in  her  life  before.  Now  here  is 
the  caution:  Too  much  inclination  to  sleep  would  interfere  with  the 
business  of  the  Conference  for  which  you  are  here;  therefore — the 
ladies  who  entertain  have  hired  me  to  make  this  statement — don't  eat 
overmuch,  for  that  produces  oversleep  in  Kansas,  and  hence  inter 
feres  with  business. 

Topeka  esteems  it  an  honor  indeed  to  entertain  you  for  a  fort 
night.  Topeka  people  appreciate  the  fact  that  you  have  selected  their 
city  in  which  to  hold  the  Twenty-Fourth  General  Conference,  the 
only  time  it  has  gone  west  of  the  Missouri  River.  Thrice  welcome  are 
you  to  our  institutions,  our  churches,  and  our  homes.  We  bring 
the  choicest  and  most  fragrant  bouquets  of  our  hearts'  affections  and 
lay  them  at  your  feet  to-night.  We  have  met  you  and  we  are  yours. 
We  make  an  unconditional  surrender  of  our  all  to  you  during  your 
stay  with  us.  May  God's  blessing  be  upon  you  while  you  are  here. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  will  state  that  two  very  distinguished 
ministers  have  been  selected  to  respond  to  these  addresses  of  wel 
come,  but  before  we  hear  these  we  will  stand  and  sing,  which  will  be 
restful  to  you.  You  will  want  to  hear  the  responses,  I  am  sure,  on 
the  part  of  the  Conference. 

Following  the  song  the  presiding  bishop  said:  The  first  response 
will  be  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Gabel,  member  of  the  Eastern  Pennsylvania 
Conference,  who  has  had  long  standing  with  that  conference.  He  is 
one  of  its  presiding  elders,  and  has  been  a  distinguished  leader  in  the 
conference.  He  stands  in  very  great  favor  with  his  people.  Several 
yeare  ago  when  I  was  in  the  city  of  Washington,  the  conference  had 
an  excursion  over  the  city,  and  I  incidentally  and  amusingly  heard 
that  our  brother  was  mistaken  for  Ex-President  Grover  Cleveland. 
You  must  be  the  judges  at  to  whether  there  was  any  just  conclusion 
of  that  kind,  or  whether  there  was  any  justice  in  the  conclusion 
reached,  any  resemblance  between  this  brother  and  the  Ex-President. 

RESPONSE  TO   ADDRESS  OF   WELCOME  BY   REV.   H.   S.  GABEL. 

MR.  CHAIRMAN,  LADIES  AND  GENTLEMEN  :  We  are  too  proud  spirited 
not  to  appreciate  an  introduction  like  that.  .  Current  literature  gives 
it  that  Prof.  Samuel  J.  Langley,  whose  solar  researches  have  made 
him  quite  famous,  even  before  his  experiments  in  aerial  navigation, 
made  the  startling  announcement  that  the  light  and  the  sun,  or  the 
light  and  heat  of  the  sun,  are  variable,  and  there  are  instruments  in 
existence  to  even  measure  these  variations,  and  that  there  is  a  threat 
ening  danger  that  the  sun  may  cool  off  and  all  things  become  cool. 

66 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

I  was  just  thinking  to-night  if  that  be  true  what  would  become  of 
Kansas?  [Great  applause.]  As  I  entered  this  great  State  of  Kansas 
I  was  convicted  or  convinced  that  the  conclusions  of  this  great  scien 
tist  are  not  quite  true.  When  I  saw  the  broad  acres,  with  their  splen 
did  growth,  giving  great  promise  of  an  abundant  yield,  and  all  their 
verdure  and  bloom,  and  then  heard  these  addresses,  it  makes  me  feel 
that  Kansas  must  be  the  real  center  of  the  universe.  Then  the  spirit 
of  this  meeting  does  not  give  any  evidence  at  all  that  things  are 
cooling  off.  It  is  really  warm  here  to-night;  in  fact,  there  seems  to 
be  "a  hot  time  in  the  old  town  to-night."  But  this  is  true,  Mr.  Chair 
man — we  need  a  central  orb ;  we  need  it  just  as  we  need  a  center  to  the 
solar  system  to  give  us  light  and  heat,  for  we  could  not  live  in  Kansas 
without  the  sun.  This  makes  the  world  possible  as  a  place  of  habita 
tion.  We  need  a  central  orb,  men  who  blaze  the  way,  who  dis 
seminate  life,  projected  with  hearts  of  propelling  conviction,  giving 
true  sympathy  and  power.  Therefore,  we  are  glad  to  come  to  this 
great  State  of  Kansas  and  to  look  into  the  face  of  its  chief  executive, 
a  man  who  has  edited  a  paper  and  who  has  set  type  in  a  printing- 
office.  A  man  who  has  done  work  of  that  kind,  and  been  called  by 
the  united  voice  of  this  great  commonwealth  into  its  highest  office,  it 
is  no  wonder  that  he  stands  where  we  find  him  to-night.  This  man, 
the  chief  executive,  stands  higher  than  Standard  Oil  [applause], 
and  is  the  central  orb  that  disseminates  the  light  of  truth,  and  has  a 
higher  trust  than  money  and  monopoly.  He  travels  a  road  that  is  not 
influenced  by  the  rebate  derived  from  crooked  railroads.  [Laughter.] 
It  is  cheering  to  come  into  this  State  of  Kansas,  to  meet  its  great  and 
good  governor,  and  to  hear  the  words  that  have  been  spoken  by  him 
here  to-night,  standing  as  he  does  above  the  power  of  the  whisky 
traffic.  I  never  heard  of  such  a  thing  before,  Mr.  Chairman ;  I  never 
heard  the  like  before.  Here  is  a  man  who  believes  in  the  salvation  of 
the  drunkard,  if  you  have  drunkards  in  Kansas,  and  who  stands  for 
the  principle  of  throttling  this  terrible  monster,  not  only  to  save  the 
drunkard,  but  to  send  the  whisky  traffic  to  the  lowest  hell,  where  it  be 
longs.  [Applause.]  We  are  cheered  to  come  into  such  a  presence; 
we  are  cheered  to  be  illuminated  by  such  a  central  orb;  we  believe  in 
such  men  to  blaze  the  way  of  truth  up  into  a  higher  civic  righteous 
ness  and1  power.  Just  as  the  sunflower  of  this  grand  State  and  com 
monwealth  of  Kansas  turns  its  smiling  face  to  the  sun,  so  are  honest, 
true  Pennsylvania  Dutch  faces  turned  towards  this  State  of  Kansas, 
and  with  this  particular  fascination  we  have  turned  this  way, 
and  are  glad  we  are  here  to-night.  [Applause.]  We  are  also  glad  to 
be  welcomed  into  Dr.  Sheldon's  city ;  we  are  glad  to  have  seen  him 
and  are  thankful  'for  his  words  of  greeting.  We  are  glad  for  the 
great  principles  he  has  announced  as  an  author,  and  again  repeated 
to-night,  that  the  true  ideal  of  life  is  man  to  help  man  and  not  man 
against  man.  It  is  delightful  to  have  these  kindly  greetings  from 
this  eminent  gentleman  whose  personal  sympathies  are  with  those 

67 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

engaged  in  the  work  of  righteousness,  and  whose  life  stands  con 
spicuous  and  strong  before  the  people  for  justice  and  piety.  His 
heart  represents  that  power  from  which  the  conservative  elements 
come,  that  which  makes  society;  which  makes  it  safe  for  communi 
ties  to  exist,  and  from  which  come  the  facts  of  purity,  the  powers  of 
purity  and  of  peace  and  justice  and  happiness.  My  heart  was  filled 
to-night  when  it  was  emphasized  from  the  Word  of  God  that  these  are 
the  principles  that  insure,  and  that  will  still  enlarge  and  still  extend. 
.  It  is  said  of  the  German  chancellor,  Prince  Hohenlohe,  when  look 
ing  upon  the  strifes  and  the  greed  of  mankind,  that  he  became 
alarmed  at  the  condition  of  affairs,  and  called  in  a  number  of  scholars 
of  the  German  empire  recognized  for  learning  and  scholarship  and 
counseled  with  them.  He  was  alarmed  because  of  the  state  of  affairs. 
But,  ah !  my  dear  friends,  not  to  science,  not  to  scholarship,  not  to  in 
vention,  not  to  any  of  these  noble  developments  of  ours  must  we  look 
for  deliverance,  but  to  the  Word  of  God.  To  the  men  standing  in 
true  faith  upon  the  evidences  of  its  powers,  adlministering  the  affairs 
of  church  and  state,  must  we  look  for  deliverance.  Our  hearts  are 
enlarged  and  our  faith  in  mankind  renewed  as  we  enjoy  breathing  in 
the  words  from  these  eminent  gentlemen  here  to-night.  An  impetus 
of  enthusiasm  was  brought  to  us  in  the  address  of  our  good  Senator 
Edmonds  that  swells  our  hearts  and  thrills  us  to  higher  action. 

I  have  the  honor  of  representing  a  part  of  the  Church  which  had  a 
share  in  the  successes  of  the  noble  history  of  this  denomination,  that 
had  a  share  in  the  discharge  of  our  missionary  debt,  in  the  paying  of 
the  college  debts,  in  the  founding  of  schools  and  the  building  of  new 
churches.  I  am  glad  to  represent  that  section  of  the  church  that  has 
had  a  share  in  that  part  of  the  work  of  this  denomination,  but  our 
work  is  not  done.  The  very  fact  of  these  things  gives  to  us  an  outlook 
for  larger  things  to-day;  and,  as  was  well  said  by  our  good  bishop  this 
afternoon,  we  mean  to  go  higher,  and  onward. 

Some  years  since,  in  the  city  of  New  York,  in  a  tenement  district, 
there  occurred  a  wonderful  fire.  A  great  multitude  came,  and  it 
was  thought  that  all  the  inmates  had  been  rescued,  but  presently  at 
the  fifth  story  there  was  seen  a  child  crying'  for  help.  Instantly  the 
extension  ladder  was  thrown  up  to  that  window  and  a  courageous 
fireman  went  up  to  the  second  and  third  floors,  enveloped  in  heat  and 
smoke,  and  on  to  the  fourth  story,  where  there  shot  forth  a  vast  sheet 
of  flame.  He  paused  a  moment  to  see  whether  it  were  possible  to  go 
through  that  flame  to  deliver  the  child.  The  multitude  below,  in  an 
agony  of  suspense,  was  looking  on  that  scene,  and  it  occurred  to  one 
that  he  needed  encouragement,  and  he  called  out,  "Cheer  him !  cheer 
him !"  and  a  mighty  cheer  arose  from  the  throats  of  the  crowd  that 
made  the  very  atmosphere  vibrate.  Up  went  the  fireman,  and  in  an 
asbestos  blanket  he  wrapped  the  form  of  the  child  and  came  down. 
His  beard  and  his  hair  were  burned  off,  but  he  delivered  the  child 
into  its  mother's  arms.  The  cheer,  the  impetus  of  enthusiasm,  we 

68 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

mean  to  say,  caused  by  the  cheer  of  that  great  multitude,  conquered 
on  that  occasion.  Friends,  your  great  cheer,  the  spirit  and  the 
anxiety  and  the  earnestness  and  the  interest  of  it,  shall  enthuse  us  to 
better  work,  even  out  in  Eastern  Pennsylvania,  for  the  rescuing  of 
mankind.  Much  has  been  done  during  the  last  quadrennium ;  we  trust 
that  in  the  coming  one  the  work  of  evangelism  shall  be  emphasized. 
We  want  to  save  men.  We  want  to  go  through  danger,  if  that  need  be, 
and  with  the  spirit  of  enthusiasm,  and  by  the  command  of  God,  save 
men  who  are  not  only  in  danger  of  the  loss  of  body,  but  of  eternal 
ruin. 

We  thank  Brother  Crites  for  every  preparation  he  has  made,  and 
for  the  masterly  way  in  which  he  has  handled  this  convention,  down  to 
the  last  detail.  We  are  glad,  contented,  and  happy. 

You  will  pardon  a  personal  reference,  and  then  I  am  through.  Why 
should  I  not  be  glad  to  come  to  the  State  of  Kansas?  In  this  soil 
rests  the  dust  of  a  faithful  father  and  a  loving  mother;  and  about 
four  weeks  ago  the  form  of  a  pure,  devoted  sister  was  consigned  to 
the  earth,  one  who  seemed  so  anxious  about  our  best  and  highest 
good,  and  who  was  known  as  a  sister  of  prayer.  It  is  in  this  State, 
in  the  city  of  Holton,  where  my  brothers  and  sisters  live,  they  with 
whom  we  played  and  romped,  with  whom  the  sweetest  days  of  life 
were  spent,  where  we  knew  no  tears  or  sorrow,  when  everything 
seemed  balmy  and  bright  in  our  lives,  and  the  flowers  were  always 
blooming  and  the  sun  was  always  shining.  It  is  here  in  Kansas  I 
have  a  daughter  living  with  two  darling  babies  who  had  their  hearts 
around  my  heart  long  before  they  had  placed  their  tiny  arms  around 
my  neck. 

We  thank  you  again,  gentlemen ;  we  thank  you  for  this  cordial  wel 
come.  [Great  applause.] 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Once  more,  and  last  but  not  least,  I  have 
the  pleasure  of  introducing  to  you  our  Brother  T.  C.  Carter,  from  the 
South,  a  member  of  the  West  Tennessee  Conference.  He  is  distin 
guished  as  a  lecturer,  and  has  electrified  thousands  of  people  on  some 
of  the  popular  platforms  of  this  country.  I  now  introduce  to  you  the 
Daniel  Webster  of  the  South.  [Great  applause.] 

DR.  CARTER'S  RESPONSIVE  ADDRESS. 

MR.  CHAIRMAN,  LADIES  AND  GENTLEMEN:  In  appearing  before  you 
at  the  lateness  of  this  hour,  and  after  the  excellent  addresses  to 
which  you  have  listened,  I  feel  almost  begging  for  words  in  which  to 
express  the  gratitude  which  I  feel  for  the  hearty  welcome  which  has 
been  extended  to 'us  at  this  time.  I  think  I  never  coveted  the  gift  of 
human  speech  as  I  covet  it  now.  As  I  listened  to  the  eloquent  gov 
ernor  of  the  State,  and  to  this  distinguished  author  of  your  city,  and 

69 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

also  to  our  popular  pastor,  I  wished  again  and  again  that  I  had  the 
intellectual  versatility  of  one  of  your  Western  lawyers.  Once  in  a 
hotly-contested  lawsuit,  an  old  lawyer  was  pitted  against  a  young,  bril 
liant  lawyer  of  great  classic  learning,  who  hurled  whole  reams  of  Latin 
at  his  opponent.  When  the  old  lawyer  arose  to  speak,  he  said  to  the 
men  who  sat  before  him :  "Gentlemen  of  the  jury,  I,  too,  am  a  Latin 
scholar.  I  have  romped  with  Romulus,  I  have  skipped  with  Skippio, 
I  have  kicked  with  Cicero,  I  have  ripped  with  Euripides,  I  have  socked 
with  Socrates,  I  have  canted  with  Cantharides,  and  if  it  pleases  the 
court  to  try  this  case  in  an  unknow  tongue,  if  this  jury  is  prepared  to 
listen  to  a  speech  in  an  unknown  tongue,  I  will  stand  here  until  time 
is  unknown  and  plead  for  this  cause,  and  gain  this  lawsuit,  if  I  have 
to  exhaust  every  syllable  of  the  Latin  language  in  order  to  accom 
plish  it."  [Great  applause.] 

Now  in  this  country,  where  everybody  makes  speeches  [applause], 
and  where  speaking  is  supposed  to  be  contagious,  and  men  are  sup 
posed  to  take  it  as  you  take  the  measles,  and,  like  that  malady,  you 
can  never  tell  when  or  how  badly  they  are  going  to  break  out,  so  it  is 
expected  at  this  late  hour  that  there  may  be  this  sudden  eruption  in 
my  case. 

In  coming  to  Kansas  we  were  prepared  to  expect  great  things. 
Senator  Edmonds  had  prepared  us  four  years  ago  to  expect  great 
things.  He  told  us  in  that  eloquent  address  at  that  General  Confer 
ence  of  the  advantages  of  this  State,  that  its  soil  was  the  richest, 
its  climate  the  most  salubrious,  its  men  the  most  enterprising,  its 
women  the  most  beautiful,  its  children  the  most  docile,  its  horses  the 
fastest,  its  cattle  the  biggest,  its  sheep  the  wooliest,  its  hogs  the  fat 
test,  its  cyclones  the  most  quiet,  its  blizzards  the  wannest,  its  past 
the  most  glorious,  its  present  the  grandest,  and  its  future  the  most 
prophetic.  We  were  prepared  for  almost  everything  in  coming  to 
Kansas.  We  were  certainly  prepared  and  are  overwhelmingly  con 
vinced  to-night  of  the  truthfulness  of  one  statement  of  Pastor 
Crites ;  he  need  not  have  stated  it.  WTe  are  all  convinced  of  the  pres 
ence  in  Kansas  of  natural  gas.  [Great  applause.]  I  think  you  have 
everything  in  Kansas  that  you  need,  that  I  have  heard  of,  except 
one  that  is  useful.  A  railroad  man  told  me  as  I  journeyed  hither 
that  some  time  a  go  a  man  in  an  automobile  was  flying  out  through 
the  country  on  one  of  these  beautiful  roads,  when  suddenly  his  auto 
mobile  began  balking.  He  got  out  of  it  to  see  what  was  the  matter, 
and  found  that  a  tap  had  become  loose.  He  asked  a  farmer  near  by 
if  he  had  a  monkey-wrench.  The  farmer  said,  "You  have  got  me/' 
[Laughter.]  "But,"  he  continued,  "just  over  here  five  miles  Mr. 
Smith  has  a  sheep  ranch  [laughter],  and  eight  miles  over  that  way 
Senator  Edmonds  has  a  cattle  ranch  [great  laughter],  but  upon  my 
word  there  is  not  a  monkey  ranch  in  this  State."  [Great  laughter 
and  applause.] 

You  have  overwhelmed  us  with  these  words  of  invitation  and  these 

70 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

words  of  welcome.  You  have  captured  us  with  your  hospitality,  and 
I  am  glad  indeed  that  the  pastor  of  this  city  warned  us  against  the 
danger  of  overeating  while  we  are  in  your  State.  When  I  saw  these 
pilgrims  eating  their  first  meal  when  they  got  here  I  was  reminded 
of  our  Pilgrim  fathers  and  their  frugal  meal  on  the  rock-bound  coast 
of  New  England,  and  I  thought  this  was  a  case  of  repeated  "Pilgrim's 
Progress."  [Laughter.] 

Now,  as  the  eloquent  and  distinguished  governor  of  this  State  is 
a  Methodist,  I  want  to  state  that  we  hope  to  guard  against  a  calamity 
that  came  to  one  of  the  bishops  of  his  church  on  a  similar  occasion. 
They  had  a  great  evening  dinner  of  turkey,  roast  beef,  escalloped 
oysters  and  raw  oysters,  and  all  manner  of  succulents  and  sweetness 
upon  the  table.  The  distinguished  bishop  of  the  Methodist  Church 
partook  of  all  of  these  things  that  were  spread  before  him  until  he 
came  to  mince  pie.  When  the  lady  offered  that,  he  said,  "Excuse  me; 
the  doctor  has  forbidden  me  to  eat  mince  pie."  Later,  when  the  pie 
was  passed  again,  he  said,  "I  will  take  a  little  piece  of  your  mince  pie." 
About  one-third  of  a  pie  was  given  him,  with  a  tumbler  of  sweet  milk ; 
both  soon  vanished  from  sight.  Then  he  said,  "That  is  extra  nice 
mince  pie;  I  guess  I  will  take  another  little  slice."  He  received  an 
other  piece  and  some  more  milk,  and  that  disappeared  also.  "Well," 
he  said,  "that  is  regular  New  England  mince  pie;  I  will  try  another 
piece."  Another  tumbler  of  milk  and  the  other  third  of  the  pie  was 
given  him.  In  the  midst  of  the  night  they  called  in  the  doctor  to  see 
him.  The  doctor,  who  worked  with  him  until  the  dawning  of  the 
morning,  said  he  thought  he  would  die,  and  called  in  a  preacher  to 
talk  with  him.  The  preacher  said,  "Bishop,  you  have  preached  the 
gospel  for  a  long  time ;  I  want  to  know  if  you  are  afraid  to  die  ?"  He 
replied,  "No,  my  brother,  I  am  not  afraid  to  die,  but  I  would  be  aw 
fully  ashamed  to  die  under  the  circumstances."  [Great  laughter.] 

Now  you  can  see  without  my  telling  you  that  we  are  all  glad  to  be 
here.  There  is  a  smile  upon  the  faces  of  our  bishops,  and  if  you  will 
look  upon  the  countenance  of  these  delegates  you  will  discover  some 
thing  upon  each  countenance  that  speaks  more  eloquently  than  human 
language  can  speak  of  the  bliss  that  is  in  the  heart  of  every  delegate 
who  has  been  so  fortunate  and  so  happy  to  reach  the  great  State  of 
Kansas. 

I  think  your  State  motto  is  the  most  appropriate  of  any  of  the 
State  mottoes.  It  started  through  difficulty.  If  there  is  a  State  in  the 
Union  that  has  come  up  through  difficulties,  it  has  been  the  State  of 
Kansas.  I  have  seen  you  come  up  from  the  past  out  of  the  smoke  of 
battle  and  the  rage  of  passion,  struggling  against  locusts  that  have 
swept  your  crops  clean,  struggling  with  grasshoppers,  with  cyclones, 
with  every  form  of  difficulty,  and  testing  every  moral  question 
in  the  universe  in>the  State  of  Kansas.  I  feel  sure  that  the  country 
men  who  gathered  in  this  State  at  the  early  day,  and  lived  in  the  sod 
houses  and  built  up  such  a  civilization  as  you  have  here  to-day,  must 

71 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

have  been  men  of  superior  caliber,  and  I  believe,  with  Senator  Ed 
monds,  that  the  very  best  of  them  have  been  left. 

In  regard  to  some  of  the  matters  that  have  made  you  great,  I  think 
that  when  you  taxed  yourselves  the  first  time  you  only  levied  taxes 
upon  Kansas  for  education,  and  your  just  taxes  to-day  are  for  educa 
tion.  There  is  no  wonder  that  you  have  become  a  great  State.  When 
I  look  at  the  fact  that  you  have  uplifted  women  in  the  State  of 
Kansas,  and  have  set  an  example  for  every  State  in  this  Union  in  re 
gard  to  woman's  privileges;  when  I  find  that  women  cannot  mortgage 
away  their  homes  in  this  State  for  the  bad  debts  of  their  husbands, 
that  woman  has  a  right  to  all  the  privileges  of  promotion  in  this 
State,  I  feel  that  in  that  regard  Kansas  stands  at  the  very  first. 

And  then  I  congratulate  you  on  your  stand  for  temperance.  I 
think,  however,  when  you  claim  that  all  the  temperance  sentiment  is 
in  Kansas  that  you  make  a  terribly  large  statement  even  for  Kansas. 
[Laughter.]  A  minister  from  Toledo,  Ohio,  told  me  to-night  at  the 
table  of  a  man  walking  out  of  Bowling  Green,  Ohio,  who  said  he 
could  whip  any  man  in  town.  Nobody  responded.  He  said,  "I  can 
whip  any  man  in  the  township."  Nobody  responded.  Then  he  said, 
"I  can  whip  any  man — I  can  lick  any  man  in  the  county."  He  had 
no  more  than  said  it  until  he  was  knocked  a  double  somersault  by  a 
man,  and  as  he  got  up,  slightly  disfigured  from  the  struggle,  a  friend 
said  to  him,  "You  seem  to  have  encrouched  upon  too  much  territory." 
[Laughter.]  Now  in  regard  to  this  temperance  sentiment,  I  am  glad 
to  say  to  you  and  the  governor  of  the  State,  and  to  you  who  have 
struggled-  in  Kansas,  that  down  in  Georgia,  from  which  State  some 
of  our  delegates  come,  that  out  of  one  hundred  and  thirty-seven  coun 
ties,  one  hundred  and  fifteen  of  them  have  gone  utterly  dry,  and  you 
cannot  even  buy  Peruna  down  there.  In  the  grand  old  State  of  Ken 
tucky,  which  I  believe  is  the  native  State  of  this  eloquent  governor,  I 
traveled  over  whole  counties  where  there  is  not  a  drop  of  strong  drink 
distilled,  and  where  not  one  drop  of  it  is  sold.  Sam  Jones  says  these 
Kentuckians  are  the  greatest,  most  law-abiding  people  on  earth,  until 
they  get  some  of  that  old  liquor  in  them.  He  said,  "Give  three  drops 
of  Bourbon  whisky  to  a  rabbit,  and  he  will  spit  in  any  bull  dog's  face 
on  the  topside  of  earth."  Kentucky  has  determined  to  take  that  temp 
tation  away  from  her  brave  men.  In  Iowa — we  have  delegates  from 
that  wonderful  State  where  they  have  a  good  law  on  temperance. 
When  they  were  trying  to  carry  that  State  for  temperance,  a  lawyer 
went  out  to  plead  against  passing  the  legislation.  He  said  in  a  great 
county  gathering,  "Suppose  you  do  away  with  distilleries  in  this 
State,  and  the  strong  drink  in  this  State,  what  will  you  do  with  your 
corn  ?"  A  stentorian  voice  answered  out  in  the  audience,  "I  will  tell 
you  what  we  will  do;  we  will  have  more  hogs  and  less  hell  ou  here." 
[Applause.]  The  great  State  of  Tennessee,  from  which  I  come,  has 
only  seven  towns  in  the  whole  State  where  strong  drink  can  to-day  be 
sold,  and,  in  addition  to  that,  we  have  made  it  a  penitentiary  offense  to 

72 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

manufacture  or  sell  cigarets  in  the  State.  [Applause.]  We  are 
pretty  poor  in  that  State,  but  we  have  given  a  medal  in  the  public 
schools  of  the  State  for  the  greatest  eloquence.  We  have  determined 
to  build  men  in  the  South  of  the  very  highest  type,  in  spite  of  the 
difficulties  and  struggles  through  which  we  have  passed  in  the  not 
distant  past.  There  never  was  a  time,  my  brethren,  when  such  fel 
lowship,  when  such  unity  of  purpose  in  the  protest  against  the  evils 
which  have  been  spoken  of  to-night,  is  so  much  needed  in  this  land 
as  to-day.  Scientific  infidelity  has  assailed  this  country,  and  Mor- 
monism  is  rampant.  One  million  feet  are  pressing  the  gangways  of 
New  York  every  year,  almost  crowding  into  this  country,  to  foreign- 
ize  this  mighty  nation  of  ours.  Listen  to  that  awful  drum-beat  of 
invasion  that  is  coming  to  our  shores.  We  need  Americanism  of  the 
highest  type,  and  I  believe  we  can  congratulate  ourselves  as  represent 
ing  the  grandest  Americanism  of  the  whole  United  States.  When  you 
talk  about  walking  out  on  the  old  picket  line  of  moral  reform,  and  of 
conquering  the  ramparts  of  evil  in  this  country,  you  never  enter 
tained  a  body  of  men  and  women  of  purer  courage,  and  on  all  moral 
lines,  than  you  are  entertaining  at  this  hour.  [Applause.]  You  have 
offered  us  your  best  and  we  have  brought  to  you  our  best.  I  pledge 
you,  good  people  of  Topeka,  and  of  Kansas,  that  we  can  stand  as 
much  good  treatment  as  any  similar  class  of  conventionists  as  ever 
met  in  your  city. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    With  one  stanza  of  song,  we  will  close  our 
services  for  the  night. 

The  evening  service  closed  with  No.  113,  "I  want  to  be  a  worker." 


SECOND  DAY— MORNING  SESSION. 

FRIDAY,  May  12,  1905. 

CONFERENCE  convened  at  8 : 00  A.   M.,  Bishop  Kephart   presiding. 

Rev.  J.  E.  Shannon,  of  White  River  Conference,  conducted  the  de 
votional  services  and  Professor  Lorenz  the  singing.  The  song  "No, 
Not  One"  was  followed"  with  prayers  by  Rev.  W.  F.  Parker,  of  St. 
Joseph  Conference,  and  Rev.  J.  S.  Kendall,  of  East  Ohio  Conference. 
This  was  followed  by  the  song,  "At  the  Cross."  Prayers  were  then 
made  by  Revs.  J.  L.  Brandenburg,  C.  W.  Recard,  and  W.  Z.  Roberts. 
After  singing  "Wonderful  love  of  Jesus,"  and  prayers  by  Revs.  J.  W. 
Lake,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference,  and  F.  P.  Rosselot,  of  Sandusky 

73 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Conference,  the  leader  read  from  the  fourth  chapter  of  Ephesians, 
and  closed  the  devotional  services  with  a  short  prayer. 

PRESIDING  BISHOP  E.  B.  KEPHART.  By  special  request,  the  roll  this 
morning  will  be  called  by  conferences.  The  secretary  desires  it  done 
in  this  way,  in  order  that  he  may  be  able  to  locate  the  different  con 
ferences.  The  roll  will  so  be  called. 

Secretary  Snyder  then  called  the  roll  as  certified  by  the  several 
conference  boards  of  tellers : 

Allegheny — Ministerial,  W.  R.  Funk,  S.  W.  Keister,  J.  I.  L.  Ress- 
ler,  S.  S.  Hough,  L.  W.  Stahl,  G.  W.  Sherrick.  Lay,  Albert  Keister, 
G.  H.  Miller,  M.  D.,  John  Thomas,  A.  E.  Roose,  M.  D.,  Hon.  E.  D. 
Miller,  C.  E.  Mullin. 

Arkansas  Valley — Ministerial,  W.  L.  Hinshaw,  J.  R.  Harner.  Lay, 
W.  C.  Guyer,  D.  D.  White. 

California — Ministerial,  J.  L.  Parks.    Lay,  Mark  Keppel. 

Colorado — Ministerial,  L.  S.  Cornell.    Lay,  E.  N.  Richards. 

Columbia  River — Ministerial,  W.  R.  Lloyd.    Lay,  D.  C.  Whiting. 

Des  Moines — Ministerial,  George  Miller,  W.  F.  Cronk,  E.  W.  Cur 
tis,  G.  0.  Porter.  Lay,  Mrs.  A.  M.  Rinehart,  W.  E.  Burgess,  John 
Shambaugh,  Ed.  YanCleve. 

East  Xebraska— Ministerial,  W.  E.  Schell,  C.  S.  Long,  W.  M.  Bus- 
well.  Lay,  Mrs.  W.  E.  Schell,  S.  C.  Caldwell,  X.  A.  Dean. 

East  Ohio— Ministerial,  D.  W.  Sprinkle,  J.  D.  Wyandt,  C.  W. 
Recard,  W.  O.  Siffert,  J.  S.  Kendall.  Lay,  A.  A.  Moore,  J.  M.  Cogan, 
W.  E.  Airhart.  W.  G.  Lowe,  J.  TJ.  Bair. 

Eastern  Pennsylvania — Ministerial,  D.  D.  Lowery,  H.  S.  Gabel, 
C.  I.  B.  Brane,  J.  H.  Albright,  H.  U.  Roop,  M.  J."  Mumma.  Lay, 
E.  Benjamin  Bierman,  T.  G.  Spangler,  D.  A.  Peters,  H.  J.  Roop, 
B.  H.  Engle,  J.  G.  Stehman. 

East  Tennessee— Ministerial,  S.  W.  Paul,  D.  P.  Baker.  Lay,  W.  C. 
Keezel,  O.  S.  Money. 

Erie — Ministerial,  R.  J.  White,  L  Bennehoff,  X.  J.  Mclntyre.  Lay. 
S.  M.  Love,  D.  Shaffer,  Mrs.  O.  J.  Gage. 

Georgia — Ministerial,  I.  W.  Bearss.     Lay,  Miss  Katie  Booker. 

Germany — Ministerial,  H.  Barkemyer.     Lay,  F.  Spiegel. 

Illinois — Ministerial,  V.  W.  Overton,  A.  Rigney.  Lay,  D.  E.  Donly, 
W.  H.  Haffner. 

Indiana — Ministerial.  J.  IT.  Walls,  L.  L.  Schoonover,  J.  T.  Hob- 
son,  S.  L.  Todd,  A.  W.  Arford.  Lay,  Henry  Wright,  R.  J.  Barr. 
Emma  Craig,  G.  A.  Hottell,  E.  W.  Myers. 

Iowa — Ministerial,  V.  A.  Carlton,  M.  R.  Drury,  W.  I.  Beatty.  Lay, 
J.  L.  Drury,  Mrs.  Fred  Geisler,  E.  R.  Smith,  M.  D. 

Japan — Ministerial,  A.  T.  Howard. 

Kentucky — Ministerial,  Henry  Craig.    Lay,  B.  Lee. 

74 


UNITED    BRETHREN"    IX    CHRIST 

Louisiana — Ministerial,  J.  II.  Patterson.  Lay,  Mrs.  Anna  Patter 
son. 

Lower  Wabash — Ministerial,  J.  B.  Connett,  J.  L.  Brandenburg, 
D.  R.  Sneff,  J.  B.  Norviel,  J.  A.  Hawkins.  Lay,  George  Fredenber- 
ger,  H.  F.  Brubaker,  Mrs.  Mary  A.  Garber,  A.  J.  Cowden,  Henry 
Weber. 

Miami— Ministerial,  P.  M.  Camp,  II.  H.  Fout,  C.  J.  Burkert,  J.  G. 
Huber,  G.  P.  Macklin.  Lay,  E.  S.  Lorenz,  Robert  Cowden,  S.  E. 
Kumbler,  J.  C.  Myers,  Mrs.  B.  F.  Witt. 

Michigan — Ministerial,  Eli  Good,  W.  D.  Stratton,  H.  H.  Flory. 
Lay,  G.  W.  Dillenbach,  I.  J.  Bear,  LeRoy  Howard. 

Minnesota — Ministerial,  W.  W.  Vine,  H.  Deal.  Lay,  F.  M.  Henry, 
Helen  Gould. 

Missouri — Ministerial,  D.  L.  Burger,  H.  J.  Gunnels.  Lay,  Mrs. 
Sarah  Fisher,  C.  M.  Funk. 

Neosho — Ministerial,  N.  L.  Vezie,  G.  H.  Hinton,  J.  R.  Chambers. 
Lay,  J.  M.  Altaffer,  R.  H.  Bennett,  Ella  J.  Kirkpatriek. 

Northeast  Kansas — Ministerial,  J.  B.  Deever,  J.  H.  Snyder,  F.  M. 
Testerman.  Lay,  Matt  Edmonds,  J.  G.  Porterfield,  A.  E.  Wilson. 

Northern  Illinois — Ministerial,  H.  W.  Trueblood,  C.  A.  Thorn,  J. 
A.  F.  King.  Lay,  F.  N.  Munch,  Alex  Anderson,  J.  C.  Peck. 

North  Nebraska — Ministerial,  A.  A.  Garner.    Lay,  F.  E.  Kerr. 

Northicest  Kansas — Ministerial,  E.  R.  Baber,  W.  H.  Tasker,  C.  LT. 
McKee.  Lay,  M.  P.  Miller,  Mrs.  Mary  Mead,  Mrs.  Mattie  Stoner. 

Ohio  German — Ministerial,  J.  C.  Bremer,  G.  Fritz.  Lay,  Eugene 
Schaeffer,  C.  F.  Koch. 

Oklahom a— Ministerial,  D.  L.  Doub,  W.  Wood.  Lay,  J.  M.  Hack- 
ett,  J.  H.  Pool. 

Ontario — Ministerial,  W.  A.  Robins,  J.  W.  Schofield.  Lay,  Isaac 
LTilbarn,  William  Michner. 

Oregon— Ministerial,  F.  H.  Keff,  H.  C.  Shaffer.  Lay,  W.  O.  Zeig- 
ler,  Mrs.  Nannie  A.  Henkle. 

Pennsylvania— Ministerial,  W.  H.  Washinger,  A.  R.  Ayres,  J.  L. 
Grimm,  A.  B.  Statton,  G.  D.  Gossard,  J.  W.  Kiracofe.  Lay,  W.  A. 
Lutz,  George  A.  Wolfe,  S.  F.  Huber,  G.  C.  Snyder,  J.  C.  Heckert, 
George  Spangler. 

Sandusky — Ministerial,  W.  O.  Fries,  J.  W.  Lilly,  A.  W.  Ballinger, 
W.  Z.  Roberts,  F.  P.  Rosselot,  D.  R.  Miller.  Lay,  G.  C.  Williams, 
D.  R.  Stoker,  A.  H.  Laughbaum,  Charles  Sage,  S.  W.  Lott,  J.  B. 
Shatzer. 

Southeast  Ohio — Ministerial,  George  Geiger,  W.  H.  Wright,  J.  W. 
Willis,  A.  Orr,  W.  A.  Smith.  Lay,  P.  M.  Streich,  John  Barnes,  E.  S. 
Neuding,  F.  B.  Wright,  John  Hulitt. 

St.  Joesph— Ministerial,  J.  W.  Lake,  W.  F.  Parker,  W.  M.  Bell, 
J.  Simons,  A.  M.  Cummins.  Lay,  Mrs.  Sue  Richer,  Mrs.  J.  W.  Good 
win,  C.  L.  Raymond,  Jasper  Goshai'd,  Mrs.  M.  E.  Sickafoose. 

Upper   Wabash — Ministerial,  R.   M.   Zuck,   A.   M.    Snyder,   W.   E. 

75 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Stanley,  Elmer  Mater.  Lay,  W.  H.  Cheadle,  G.  W.  Mater,  Lizzie 
Bronson,  Ida  Williams. 

Virginia — Ministerial,  W.  F.  Gruber,  A.  S.  Ilammack,  George  P. 
Hott,  A.  P.  Funkhouser,  W.  K.  Berry.  Lay,  J.  H.  Ruebush,  B.  F. 
Gruver,  J.  A.  Bell,  H.  B.  Miller,  J.  X.  Garber. 

West  Africa — Ministerial,  J.  R.  King.    Lay,  S.  B.  Caulker. 

West  Nebraska — Ministerial,  A.  Boyd,  W.  O.  Harper.  Lay,  A.  P. 
Johnson,  F.  A.  Burt. 

West  Tennessee — Ministerial,  F.  M.  Morgan.    Lay,  A.  A.  Grooms. 

West  Virginia — Ministerial,  C.  H.  Cox,  G.  A.  Davis,  H.  R.  Hess, 
W.  D.  Herndon,  William  Slaughter.  Lay,  W.  H.  Jack,  W.  O.  Mills, 
Miss  Grace  Warner,  Mrs.  A.  J.  Spencer,  J.  S.  Davis. 

White  River — Ministerial,  J.  T.  Roberts,  M.  F.  Dawson,  J.  E. 
Shannon,  Alonzo  Myer,  A.  C.  Wilmore.  Lay,  W.  W.  Robins,  A.  J. 
Juday,  S.  Wertz,  C.  L.  Gard,  G.  A.  Lambert. 

Wisconsin — Ministerial,  A.  D.  Whitney,  J.  A.  Richardson.  Lay, 
Mrs.  Celina  Richards,  W.  E.  Gillingham. 

Dr.  Funk  called  attention  to  the  absence  of  John  Thomas,  of  the 
Allegheny  Conference,  and  Rev.  I.  Bennehoff,  of  the  Erie  Conference, 
and  stated  that  Mrs.  Gage,  lay  delegate  from  Erie  Conference  would 
not  be  present. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  reading  of  the  minutes  will  be  in 
order. 

The  secretary  read  the  minutes  of  the  previous  day's  session. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  the  minutes.  Are  there 
any  corrections  or  omissions  ?  If  not,  the  minutes  stand  approved. 

SECRETARY  SNYDER.  I  would  like  to  say  this  as  a  matter  of  privi 
lege,  that  I  am  not  as  young  as  I  was  when  I  first  assumed  this  posi 
tion,  twenty  years  ago ;  my  hearing  is  not  as  acute  as  it  was  then ;  and 
if  I  am  guilty  of  any  errors,  I  will  take  it  graciously  if  you  will  cor 
rect  them.  I  want  to  do  my  best,  as  I  have  always  tried  to  do.  That 
is  my  rule,  and  I  want  to  serve  you  in  a  way  that  may  please  you. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Have  you  any  miscellaneous  business? 

Rev.  A.  C.  Wilmore,  of  White  River  Conference,  called  attention 
to  some  absentees  from  White  River  Conference,  and  the  matter  was 
referred  to  the  Committee  on  Credentials. 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK.  I  would  like  to  state  that  I  have  telegraphed  for 
three  hundred  Disciplines.  I  make  this  statement  because  many  of 
the  brethren  are  asking  for  Disciplines;  they  will  be  here  by  to 
morrow  evening. 

S.  F.  HUBER,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.    I  would  like  to  say  that 

76 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

there  are  brethren  in  this  body  who  are  fairly  good  looking.  I  make 
this  statement  because  the  markers  placed  by  Colonel  Cowden  hide 
their  faces.  If  they  could  be  lowered  down  to  the  level  of  the  chair, 
they  would  not  hide  the  view  of  the  persons  from  the  stenographer, 
who  cannot  now  see  who  speaks. 

REV.  W.  H.  WASHINGER,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  move  that 
the  delegates  be  seated  according  to  the  geographical  location  of  the 
States  of  the  Union,  East  and  West,  North  and  South. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  If  you  have  no  further  miscellaneous  items 
— is  the  special  Committee  on  Rules  of  Oorder  ready  to  report  ? 

REV.  D.  R.  MILLER,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  We  are  ready  to  re 
port,  and  the  secretary,  Rev.  A.  P.  Funkhouser,  will  read  the  report. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Will  you  hear  that  report  ?  The  report  will 
he  read. 

DR.  FUNK.  Mr.  Chairman,  may  I  have  this  word  in  reference  to 
these  rules  of  order  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Proceed. 

DR.  FUNK.  I  wish  to  say  to  the  General  Conference  that  there  was 
no  thought  of  presumption  in  the  printing  of  former  rules.  The 
question  has  been  asked  by  some  one  why  they  were  printed  before 
they  came  here.  I  answer  very  candidly,  from  an  open  heart,  because 
it  has  been  the  custom  to  print  them,  with  no  thought  of  controlling 
these  rules,  and  when  the  motion  was  made  yesterday  to  revise  them, 
I  gladly  seconded  it,  and  I  am  sure  I  know  nothing  of  what  comes 
from  the  committee,  and  I  am  glad  they  have  been  reviewed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  secretary  of  the  committee  will  now 
please  read. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER.  Your  Committee  on  Rules  having  care 
fully  considered  the  subject  in  hand,  respectively  recommend  the 
rules  of  the  last  General  Conference,  with  the  amendments  and  addi 
tions  herewith  contained. 

1.  The  Conference  shall  meet  at  8:30  A.  M.  and  2:00  P.  M.,  and 
adjourn  on  motion. 

2.  The  president  shall  take  the  chair  precisely  at  the  hour  to  which 
the  Conference  stood  adjourned,  and  shall  cause  that  a  half  hour's 
devotional  services,  be  conducted  each  morning,  and  devotional  serv 
ices  consisting  of  the  reading  of  the  Word  of  God,  singing,  and  prayer 
he  conducted  each  afternoon. 

3.  When  it  is  apparent  to  the  president  that  a  quorum  is  present 
(a  majority  shall  constitute  a  quorum),  he  shall  have  the  journal  of 

77 


TWENTY-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

the  previous  day's  proceedings  read  and  approved,  and  the  business  of 
the  Conference  shall  be  conducted  in  the  following  order : 

(1)  For  the  first  five  days  the  roll  of  the  conferences  shall  be  called 
alphabetically,  at  which  time  petitions,  memorials,  appeals,  and  any 
business  pertaining  to  the  annual  conferences  shall  be  presented. 

(2)  Reports — first  of  standing  committees,  then  of  special  com 
mittees. 

4.  The  president  shall  decide  all  points  of  order,  subject  to  an  ap 
peal  to  the  Conference;  but  in  case  of  an  appeal  the  question  shall  be 
taken  without  debate,  except  that  the  appellant  may  state  the  grounds 
of  his  appeal,  and  the  chair  may  give  the  grounds  of  his  decision. 

5.  The    bishops    shall    appoint    all    committees,    unless    otherwise 
specially  ordered  by  the  Confereii.ee. 

6.  Resolutions  shall  be  presented  in  writing  by  the  mover,  and  all 
motions  shall  be  submitted  in  writing  when  the  president,  secretary, 
or  any  two  members  require  it. 

7.  When  a  report  is  presented  and  read  by  the  secretary  or  stated 
by  the  president,  or  a  resolution  introduced  and  seconded,  or  a  mo 
tion  made  and  seconded  and  stated  by  the  chair,  it  shall  be  deemed  in 
possession  of  the  Conference. 

8.  The  motion  to  lay  on  the  table,  to  take  from  the  table,  and  the 
previous  question  shall  be  taken  without  debate. 

9.  No  new  motion  shall  be  entertained  until  the  one  under  consid 
eration  has  been  disposed  of,  except  it  be  one  of  the  following,  in 
which  case  it  shall  have  precedence : 

(1)  To  fix  the  time  to  which  the  Conference  shall  adjourn. 

(2)  To  adjourn. 

.  (3)  To  take  a  recess. 

(4)  To  lay  on  the  table. 

(5)  For  the  previous  question. 

(6)  To  postpone  to  a  given  time. 

(7)  To  refer. 

(8)  To  substitute. 

(9)  To  amend. 

(10)     To  postpone  indefinitely. 

10.  A  motion  to  amend  an  amendment  shall  always  be  in  order. 
And  a  substitute  for  both  amendments  may  be  received,  which  substi 
tute  may  be  amended,  and  if  the  substitute  be  adopted,  it  shall  operate 
as  an  amendment  to  the  original  proposition. 

11.  Any  member  desiring  to  speak  or  present  any  matter  to  the 
Conference,  shall  rise  and  respectfully  address  the  president,  and  an 
nounce  his  name  and  conference,  but  shall  not  proceed  until  he  is 
properly  recognized  by  the  chair  and  his  name  announced  by  him,  and 
on  assigning  the  floor  to  any  member  the  president  shall  announce  the 
name  of  the  member  and  the  conference  he  represents. 

12.  ~No  member  shall  be  interrupted  when  speaking,  except  by  the 
president  to  call  him  to  order  when  he  departs  from  the  question  or 

78 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

uses  offensive  personalities  or  disrespectful  language;  but  any  mem 
ber  may  call  the  attention  of  the  president  to  the  matter  when  he 
deems  the  speaker  out  of  order,  and  a  member  may  explain  when  he 
thinks  himself  misrepresented,  the  speaker  retaining  the  floor. 

13.  When  a  member  desires  to  speak  to  a  question  of  privilege,  he 
shall  briefly  state  the  question ;  but  it  shall  not  be  in  order  for  him  to 
proceed  until  the  president  shall  have  decided  it  a  question  of  privi 
lege. 

14.  No  person  shall  speak  more  than  twice  on  the  same  question, 
nor  more  than  ten   (10)   minutes  at  one  time,  without  leave  of  the 
Conference;  nor  shall  any  person  speak  more  than  once  until  every 
member  choosing  to  speak  shall  have  spoken ;  provided,  however,  that 
a  committee  making  a  report  shall  in  all  cases  be  entitled  to  five  (5) 
minutes  to  close  the  debate,  either  to  oppose  the  motion  to  lay  the  re 
port  on  the  table,  or,  this  permission  not  having  been  used,  to  close 
the  debate  on  the  motion  to  adopt.    The  committee,  however,  shall  not 
be  deprived  of  its  right  to  close  the  debate  even  after  the  previous 
question  has  been  ordered. 

15.  When  a  question  is  before  the  Conference,  the  mover  may  with 
draw  it  at  any  time  before  it  has  been  amended,  or  before  a  vote  has 
been  taken,  if  no  objection  is  offered.     If  objection  be  made  to  the 
withdrawal,  a  vote  on  the  motion  to  grant  leave  of  withdrawal  shall 
be  taken,  without  amendment  or  debate. 

16.  When  any  motion  or  resolution  shall  have  been  acted  upon  by 
the  Conference,  it  shall  be  in  order  for  any  member  who  voted  with 
the  prevailing  side  to  move  a  reconsideration ;  but  a  motion  to  recon 
sider  a   non-debatable  motion   must   be   decided  without  debate.     A 
motion  to  reconsider  must  be  made  on  the  same  day  on  which  the  ac 
tion  was  taken,  or  the  day  succeeding. 

17.  No  member  shall  absent  himself  from  the  sessions  of  the  Con 
ference  without  leave,  unless  he  is  sick  or  otherwise  unable  to  attend. 

18.  No  member  shall  be  allowed  to  vote  on  any  question  who  is  not 
within  the  bar  at  the  time  when  such  question  is  put  by  the  president, 
except  by  permission  of  the  Conference. 

19.  Every  member  who  is  within  the  bar  at  the  time  the  question 
is  put  shall  give  his  vote,  unless  the  Conference  for  special  reasons 
excuse  him. 

20.  No  resolution   altering  or  rescinding  any   rule  of  Discipline 
shall  be  adopted  until  it  shall  have  been  in  the  possession  of  the  Con 
ference  at  least  one  day. 

21.  It  shall  be  in  order  for  any  member  to  call  for  the  yeas  and 
nays  on  any  question  before  the  Conference,  and  if  the  call  be  sus 
tained  by  thirty  members,  the  vote  shall  be  taken  by  yeas  and  nays. 

22.  It  shall  be  in  order  to  move  that  the  question  be  taken  without 
further  debate  on  any  measure  pending,  which  shall  be  considered  the 
same  as  the  previous  question,  and  if  sustained  by  a  vote  of  two-thirds, 
the  vote  shall  be  so  taken. 

79 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

23.  The  motion  to  adjourn  shall  be  submitted  without  debate,  and 
shall  always  be  in  order,  except — 

(1)  When  a  motion  is  actually  put,  or  a  vote  is  being  taken. 

(2)  When  the  question  is  pending  on  seconding  the  demand  for  the 
previous  question. 

.  (3)     When  the  previous  question  has  been  called  and  sustained  and 
is  still  pending. 

(4)     When  a  motion  to  adjourn  has  been  negatived  and  no  busi 
ness  or  debate  has  intervened. 

24.  Members  presenting  memorials,  petitions,  and  other  papers  for 
reference,  shall  prepare  each  paper  by  writing  in  a  plain  hand  on  the 
back  of  it  the  following  items  in  the  following  order,  namely : 

(1)  The  name  of  the  member  presenting  the  paper. 

(2)  Conference  from  which  it  comes. 

(3)  Number  of  petitioners. 

(4)  Subject  to  which  it  relates. 

Papers  thus  presented,  if  no  objection  is  made,  shall  be  referred  by 
the  chair  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

25.  All   resolutions   contemplating   verbal    alterations    or    amend 
ments  of  the  Discipline  shall  state  the  language  of  the  paragraph  or 
line  proposed  to  be  altered  or  amended,  and  also  the  language  proposed 
to  be  substituted. 

26.  All  committees  proposing  changes  of  Discipline  shall  not  only 
recite  the  paragraph  and  line  proposed  to  be  amended,  but  also  the 
paragraph  as  amended  complete. 

27.  All  written  motions  and  reports  after  the  first  reading,  and  all 
communications  to  the  Conference,  shall  be  passed  to  the  secretary  to 
be  read  by  him  as  the  Conference  may  require. 

28.  Any  demonstration  of  approval  or  disapproval  during  the  pro 
gress  of  debate  shall  be  deemed  a  breach  of  order. 

29.  All  elections  of  officers  shall  be  by  ballot,  and  a  majority  of  all 
the  votes  cast  shall  be  necessary  to  a  choice. 

30.  The  election  of  the  general  officers  of  the  Church  shall  be  in 
the  following  order,  beginning  Wednesday  of  the  second  week  of  the 
Conference : 

(1)  Bishops. 

(2)  Publishing  Agent. 

(3)  Trustees  of  the  printing  establishment. 

(4)  Editors  of  the  Telescope. 

(5)  Editor  of  the  Watchword. 

(6)  Editor  of  Review. 

(7)  Editors  of  Sunday-School  Literature. 

(8)  General  Secretary  of  Sunday-School  Board. 

(9)  Sunday-School  Board. 

(10)  Missionary  Secretaries. 

(11)  Missionary  Board. 

(12)  Church  Treasurer. 

80 


BISHOP  J.  S.  MILLS,  D.I).,  IMi.D.,  LL.D. 

First  elected  fy  1893.  Re-elected  in  1897,  1901,  1905. 


BISHOP  G.  M.  MATHKWS,  D.D. 

first  chosen  in  1902  Rc-clcctcd  in  1905 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

(13)  Church-Erection  Secretary. 

(14)  Manager  Union  Biblical  Seminary. 

(15)  Trustees  Union  Biblical  Seminary. 

(16)  Board  of  Education. 

(17)  Board  of  Church  Trustees. 

(18)  Executive  Council  Y.  P.  C.  U. 

31.  A  standing  committee  of  nine  on  order  of  business  shall  be 
selected,  whose  duty  it  shall  be  to  provide  the  order  of  business  from 
day  to  day,  subject  to  the  approval  of  the  Conference;  and  said  com 
mittee  shall  have  the  right  to  report  at  any  time. 

32.  On  questions  of  parliamentary  procedure,  Robert's  Rules  of 
Order  shall  be  the  standard. 

33.  The  committee  on  nominations  of  members  of  Church  Boards 
shall  nominate  three  times  the  number  of  Board  members  to  be  elected, 
and  shall  not  nominate  any  person  for  membership  on  more  than  one 
Board. 

34.  Any  motion   introduced   proposing   any   important  action   by 
this  Conference  shall  be  referred  without  debate  to  the  proper  com 
mittee,  and  shall  be  disposed  of  by  that  committee,  or  in  the  consid 
eration  of  its  report. 

35.  These  rules  shall  not  be  changed  or  suspended,  except  by  a 
vote  of  two-thirds  of  the  members  present  and  voting;  provided,  that 
in  the  order  of  elections  a  majority  vote  may  determine  a  change. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  the  report  of  your  com 
mittee.  What  will  you  do  with  it? 

DR.  FUNK.    I  move  its  adoption. 

Seconded  by  Rev.  L.  W.  Stahl. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded  that  the  report 
be  adopted.  It  is  now  before  you. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  move  to  amend 
in  reference  to  the  election  of  officers.  The  recommendation  is  that 
it  be  on  Wednesday  of  the  second  week.  I  move  that  it  be  changed 
to  Friday  of  the  second  week.  I  do  not  believe  the  Boundary  Com 
mittee  will  have  time  to  be  ready  for  the  election  as  early  as  Wed 
nesday.  Furthermore,  if  we  go  to  work  and  commence  next  Wednes 
day  and  elect  the  officers,  one-third  or  one-half  the  delegates  will  go 
home  by  Friday. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    I  hear  no  second. 

The  motion  is  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded  to  strike  out 
Wednesday  and  insert  Friday  of  the  second  week. 

REV.    A.   P.    FUNKHOUSER,    of   Virginia    Conference.      It   was    the 

81 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

thought  of  the  committee,  and  this  was  agreed  on  after  consultation 
with  quite  a  number  of  the  brethren,  that  it  would  be  well  to  have 
these  elections  continue  over  several  days.  The  committee  discussed 
whether  it  should  bring-  in  a  rule  directing  which  officers  should  be 
elected  on  certain  days.  This  was  in  mind  because  we  would  do  our 
work  better.  There  would  be  no  rush  and  crowding,  and  the  interest 
'in  hand  would  be  completed  before  another  would  be  taken  up.  Be 
ginning  on  Wednesday,  the  committee  expects  the  elections  to  last 
until  Saturday. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS.    It  does  not  say  so. 

VOICES.     Question,  question,  question. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    The  qxiestion  is  called  for. 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  Let  the  item  be 
read  again. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  reading  is  called  for.  The  secretary 
will  read. 

Rev.  A.  P.  Funkhouser  reads  again  the  item  as  to  the  election  of 
general  officers. 

REV.  G.  H.  HINTON,  of  Neosho  Conference.  These  rules  do  not 
make  it  plain. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER.  I  should  have  stated  that  the  standing 
Committee  on  Order  of  Business  is  expected  to  take  this  matter  in 
hand,  and  provide  the  very  things  that  the  Conference  wants;  but 
when  it  brings  the  report,  the  Conference  is  to  approve  it  from  day  to 
day. 

VOICES.    Good,  good. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  With  that  explanation,  are  you  ready  for 
the  voting? 

VOICES.    Question,  question. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  question  is  called  for.  The  amend 
ment  is  before  us.  The  vote  is  on  the  amendment  that  you  strike  out 
Wednesday  and  insert  Friday.  All  in  favor  raise  the  hand.  All  op 
posed,  like  sign.  It  is  lost. 

All  in  favor  of  the  adoption  of  the  report  as  it  came  from  the  com 
mittee,  raise  the  hand.  All  opposed,  like  sign.  It  is  so  voted.  Now 
proceed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  remember,  brethren,  we  are  acting 
under  these  rules  as  read.  What  business  have  you  to  bring  befoie 
the  'Conference  this  morning? 

82 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

KEY.  E.  R.  BABER,  of  Northwest  Kansas  Conference.  A  report  from 
the  Devotional  Committee  is  desired  by  eleven  o'clock,  and  I  a.sk  the 
privilege  of  calling  that  committee  together  at  this  time  during  the 
Conference  session.  I  want  to  make  an  announcement. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Make  your  announcement. 

REV.  MR.  BABER.  The  committee  will  meet  immediately  in  room 
No.  1,  fourth  floor. 

DR.  W.  R.  FUNK.  Mr.  Chairman  and  members  of  the  Conference : 
The  Topeka  Capital  have  just  notified  me  that  those  who  desire  to 
subscribe  for  that  paper  must  do  so  at  the  close  of  this  morning's 
session,  as  the  subscription  list  to  that  paper  will  be  closed  at  that 
time.  No  back  numbers  of  the  paper  will  be  sent.  This  is  a  matter  of 
protection  to  them,  and  I  think  those  that  understand  it  will  see  the 
reasonableness  of  it.  While  I  am  on  my  feet  I  want  to  say  that  the 
United  Brethren  book-store  is  over  there  in  the  corner,  and  ve  will 
be  glad  to  have  all  of  you  meet  the  superintendent,  Mr.  W.  G.  Clip- 
pinger,  and  talk  to  him  about  the  books  during  the  sessions  of  this 
Conference. 

REV.  W.  E.  SCHELL,  of  East  Nebraska  Conference.  I  move  that  we 
take  up  reports  of  the  general  officers  of  the  Church.  The  committees 
will  wish  to  get  to  work  and  do  their  work  more  successfully. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Will  you  do  that  by  general  consent  ? 

VOICES.    Agreed,  agreed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  standing  Committee  on  Order  of  Busi 
ness  ordered,  will  now  be  announced. 

SECRETARY  SNYDER.  The  committee  ordered  as  provided  for  is : 
A.  P.  Funkhouser,  W.  G.  Lowe,  W.  E.  Schell,  L.  S.  Cornell,  W.  O. 
Fries,  S.  E.  Kumler,  W.  F.  Cronk,  R.  K.  Bennett,  and  A.  E.  Roose. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  What  report  will  you  take  up,  what  gen 
eral  officer?  Is  the  report  of  the  Missionary  Secretary  ready? 

DR.  W.  M.  BELL,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference.    Ready. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  you  ready  for  that  report?  If  there 
be  no  objection,  the  report  will  be  read.  Now,  while  this  report  is  be 
ing  read,  keep  as  quiet  as  possible. 

REV.  L.  W.  STAHL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  think  it  would  be 
an  advantage,  as  they  are  printed,  to  have  them  in  our  hands.  It  is 
very  difficult  for  us  to  follow  them,  and  if  we  have  them  in  our  hands 
we  can  follow  them  with  our  eyes,  and  I  move  you  that  these  reports 
be  distributed  before  they  are  read. 

83 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Will  you  do  that  by  general  consent? 
VOICES.    Agreed,  agreed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    The  distribution  will  be  made  at  once. 
Dr.  Bell,  the  Missionary  Secretary,  read  the  report,  as  follows : 


To  the  Bishops  and  Delegates  in  General  Conference  Assembled. 

In  the  good  providence  of  God  I  am  permitted  to  submit  my  third  quac 
rennial  report  for  the  missionary  department. 

The  Missionary  Society  is  a  fellowship  and  partnership  in  the  highest  mar 
ifestation  of  the  divine  life.  It  is  the  Church  organized  for  the  extension  c 
the  kingdom  of  God  at  home  and  abroad.  The  race  can  only  be  saved  throug 
divine  power,  but  human  agency  must  needs  be  employed.  God  has  ordaine 
that  the  gospel  be  published  and  transmitted  through  the  holy  Word  and  cor 
secrated  personality.  Every  believer  is,  first  of  all,  under  ordination  to  be 
soul-winner.  This  high  and  holy  function  involves  consecration  of  the  indi 
vidual  life  and  resources  of  the  Church. 

THE    PAYMENT    OF   THE   DEBT. 

One  of  the  goals  fixed  in  our  minds  for  this  quadrenriium  was  the  paymen 
of  every  dollar  of  the  Society's  standing  indebtedness.  A  most  gratifyinj 
feature  of  the  quadrennium,  and  one  indicating  the  vitality  of  church  life,  ha 
been  the  splendid  spirit  and  generosity  with  which  our  ministers  and  peopl 
have  fallen  in  line  during  the  debt  campaign.  We  have  collected,  all  told 
under  the  debt  effort,  $58,000.  On  March  31  we  closed  the  books  for  the  quad 
rennium  with  every  dollar  of  the  debt  paid,  remittances  made  to  the  foreigi 
missions  covering  three  months  of  the  new  year,  with  payments  considerably 
in  advance  to  home  missionaries,  and  with  $1,028.88  in  the  bank.  Where  al 
have  wrought  nobly,  individual  mention  seems  out  of  order.  Keference  ha 
been  made  on  page  22  of  the  Religious  Telescope  touching  the  efficient  assist : 
a  nee  rendered  by  our  special  solicitors.  We  should  be  glad  to  speak  a  mee<  i 
of  praise  touching  every  helper,  but  space  and  time  forbid. 

The  following  conferences  have  responded  in  full,  either  by  the  aid  of  specia 
solicitation  or  otherwise,  to  the  debt  apportionment:  Allegheny,  Chickamauga 
East  Nebraska,  Louisiana,  Northern  Illinois,  North  Nebraska,  West  Africa 
Eastern  Pennsylvania,  West  Tennessee,  Ontario,  Wisconsin,  Erie,  Kentucky 
Missouri,  Northeast  Kansas,  East  Ohio,  Michigan,  Des  Moines  Oklahoma 
Pennsylvania,  St.  Joseph,  Colorado,  Illinois,  Upper  Wabash,  Iowa,  Sandusky 
and  White  River. 

84 


UNITED    BRETHREN   IN    CHRIST 

Small  balances  are  due  from  a  few  of  the  annual  conferences,  and  these  will 
all  be  paid  within  a  very  few  months. 

INCREASE   IN   INCOME. 

New  funds  collected  during  the  quadrennium,  $206,997.12.  In  addition  to 
this  the  conferences  disbursed  mission  funds  during  the  quadrennium  to  the 
amount  of  $169,583.30,  making  a  grand  total  of  $376,580.42.  These  figures 
aell  their  own  story  of  growing  confidence  and  liberality.  The  denomination 
is  to  be  congratulated  in  view  of  this  unparalleled  record  of  a  quadrennium. 

THE    FOREIGN    MISSIONS. 

•  Africa. — In  this,  the  oldest  mission  of  the  Church,  the  progress, made  during 
'the  past  four  years  has  been  remarkable,  when  we  consider  the  reverses  through 
which  we  passed  in  the  quadrennium  preceding  this  one.     The  cooperation 
established  between  the  General  Board  and  the  Woman's  Missionary  Asso- 
i-iation  has  been   conducive  to   general   efficiency   and   harmonious   develop 
ment. 

Rev.  and  Mrs.  J.  R.  King  have  been  in  service,  Mr.  King,  by  the  consent  of 
:he  Joint  Committee,  serving  as  superintendent  of  the  entire  conference. 
About  a  year  ago  Rev.  Raymond  P.  Dougherty  was  dispatched  to  this  field, 

•  also  as  a  joint  missionary,  his  special  mission  being  the  establishing  of  an 
institution  of  higher  learning  in  Freetown. 

We  close  the  quadrennium  with  20  native  pastors  and  helpers,  11  organized 
?hu"rches,  421  communicant  members,  820  seeker  members,  546  Sunday-school 
;cholars,  180  Y.  P.  C.  U.  members,  285  Junior  Society  members,  186  out  sta- 
:ions,  11  principal  stations,  10  day  schools,  with  an  enrollment  of  402  scholars ; 
iimual  contribution  by  natives,  $2,835 ;  value  of  parsonage  and  other  buildings, 
£10,775;  value  of  church  buildings,  $18,275;  total  value  of  buildings,  $29,050. 

Two  features  of  unusual  importance  have  characterized  the  quadrennium 
n  the  African  work. 

1.  The  dedication  of  the  new,  modern  church  edifice  at  Bonthe,  constructed 
;)f  stone  and  brick,  finished  with  windows  and  seatings   imported  from  the 

United  States,  all  at  a  total  cost  of  $14,000.  For  most  part,  this  building  has 
oeen  paid  for  by  the  African  people.  This  object-lesson  in  self-support  is 
invaluable.  The  Bonthe  Church  is  the  finest  in  our  African  field,  and  one  of 
:he  best  church  buildings  on  the  entire  West  Coast. 

2.  The  opening  of  an  institution  of  higher  education  at  Freetown,  Africa, 
ivhich  now  has  an  enrollment  of  about  forty  pupils.    The  purchase  of  suitable 

85 


TWEXTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    COXFEREXCE 

grounds,  the  erection  of  a  suitable  building,  the  equipment  and  endowment 
of  the  institution  are  all  to  be  carried  forward  as  the  joint  enterprise  of  our 
two  Missionary  Societies  operating  in  this  mission.  The  school  is  at  present 
operated  in  rented  quarters,  but  will,  before  many  months  have  elapsed,  be 
established  in  its  own  building. 

At  the  instance  of  Mrs.  Mary  K.  Albert,  Mr.  Ealph  Leininger,  of  Brooklyn, 
New  York,  has  pledged  five  thousand  dollars  to  this  institution  in  memory 
of  Rev.  Ira  E.  Albert,  deceased,  who  was  his  honored  cousin.  In  an  interview 
had  with  Mr.  Leininger  in  January  last,  he  agreed  to  your  Secretary  that  the 
money  be  paid  before  the  close  of  the  calendar  year.  The  Woman's  Missionary 
Association  has  five  thousand  dollars  ready  to  put  into  the  institution,  to 
match  the  gift  of  Mr.  Leininger.  Beyond  this  amount  the  two  societies  inter 
ested  have  planned  to  raise  at  least  five  thousand  each  for  the  purpose  of 
equiping  and  endowing  the  school.  A  condition  of  Mr.  Leininger's  gift  is  that 
the  academy  be  named  The  Albert  Academy,  and  to  this  the  management  of 
the  Woman's  Missionary  Association  has  kindly  agreed.  We  have  found  great 
risk  attending  the  training  of  African  workers  in  our  American  schools,  and 
we  hail  with  delight  the  prospect  of  being  able  to  give  ample  training  on 
African  soil  to  an  influential  ministry  and  citizenship  among  the  adherents 
of  our  African  mission. 

Germany. — In  Germany  the  gain  in  membership  during  the  quadrennium 
has  been  very  slight  indeed,  the  number  at  present  being  slightly  less  than 
one  thousand.  Ten  principal  stations,  22  organized  churches,  12  ministers,  11 
churches  and  church-houses  valued  at  $70,000,  14  Sunday  schools  with  an 
enrollment  of  800  teachers  and  scholars,  8  Young  People's  unions  with  a  mem 
bership  of  156. 

Japan. — Rev.  and  Mrs.  J.  E.  Knipp  and  Rev.  and  Mrs.  A.  T.  Howard  re 
turned  to  the  homeland  during  this  quadrennium,  on  furlough.  Through 
overwork  Mr.  Knipp's  health  became  enfeebled,  and  his  stay  in  America  has 
been  necessarily  continued  beyond  what  we  had  originally  hoped.  From  the 
latest  information,  we  have  reason  to  expect  that  he  will  be  able  to  return  to 
his  chosen  field  within  the  present  year.  Mrs.  Howard  was  called  home  by  the 
serious  illness  of  her  mother  a  year  in  advance  of  the  coming  of  Mr.  Howard. 
Mr.  Howard's  period  of  service  extended  over  six  eventful  years,  and  after  a 
year  at  home  he  and  his  good  wife  are  quite  ready  for  another  term  of  service 
in  the  Island  Empire. 

The  services  of  Rev.  A.  T.  Howard  as  superintendent  have  been  eminently 
satisfactory  and  efficient,  demonstrating  the  wisdom  of  his  appointment.  He 

86 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

as  the  universal  confidence  of  our  Japanese  pastors  and  people.  He  has  rep 
ented  our  Society  in  a  most  creditable  way  in  all  the  organizations  and 
ssociations  of  missionaries  in  this  field.  Since  Mr.  Howard's  return  the  Rev. 
oseph  Cosand  has  served  as  acting  superintendent,  and  his  services  have 
liown  good  business  management  and  general  administrative  efficiency.  Mr. 
nd  Mrs.  Cosand  came  to  our  staff  during  the  past  quadrennium,  and  we  have 
herefore  had  in  the  field  three  American  families.  We  have  sixteen  native 
astors  and  workers,  an  organized  conference,  and  a  membership  of  three  hun- 
red  and  fifty.  Two  very  worthy  young  men  have  graduated  from  the  Doshisha 
uring  the  quadrennium,  and  a  number  of  other  young  men  are  now  in  train- 
rig  for  the  ministry  in  various  schools.  We  have  church  property  aggregating 
n  value  five  thousand  dollars. 

There  is  much,  at  this  moment,  to  encourage  interest  in  and  hope  for  the 
arly  evangelization  and  the  more  thorough  Christianization  of  the  empire  of 
apan.  In  the  war  now  in  progress  Japan  has  shown  a  remarkable  self- 
estraint  and  an  unusual  regard  for  humane  standards  in  the  conduct  of  war. 
VTiile  the  Russians  have  inflicted  the  most  cruel  and  barbarous  indignities 
n  the  Japanese  wounded,  and  for  five  months  during  the  siege  of  Port  Arthur 
efused  an  armistice  for  the  removal  of  the  wounded  and  burial  of  the  dead, 
apan  has  shown  the  opposite  spirit  in  her  treatment  of  her  white-faced  foe. 
"he  first  prisoners  taken  by  Japan  were  treated  as  the  guests  of  the  nation, 
;iven  hospital  care,  supplied  with  clothing,  and  sent  back  to  Russia.  Even 
ble-bodied  Russian  prisoners  have  not  been  required  to  carry  their  own 
,'ounded  to  and  from  the  ships,  but  Japanese  coolies  have  been  provided  for 
his  service.  The  bill  of  fare  served  to  the  Russian  prisoners  has  been  better 
han  that  afforded  to  Japanese  soldiers  on  the  firing  line.  The  membership  of 
he  Japanese  Red  Cross  Society  is  eight  hundred  and  seventy  thousand,  and 
heir  annual  fees  amount  to  one  million  dollars.  Japan  has  opened  her  schools 
o  Chinese  and  Korean  students.  She  hopes  to  lead  the  Orient  by  pure  mental 
nd  moral  ability.  No  case  of  corruption  or  dishonesty  has  been  discovered 
n  connection  with  the  expenditures  of  the  vast  sums  which  the  war  has  made 
iccessary.  This  is  in  marked  contrast  with  the  glaring  dishonesty  of  Russian 
ifficials.  Russia  has  planned,  without  scruple  and  without  regard  to  veracity, 
'or  the  acquisition  of  China  and  Korea.  Japan  is  struggling  for  self-preser- 
'ation  and  the  freedom  of  Asia.  Russia  is  bent  upon  the  total  elimination  of 
Fapan  as  a  political  factor  in  the  Far  East,  and  has  added  to  her  aggressive 
rreed  the  guilt  of  the  most  flagrant  hypocrisy.  Japan  stands  for  freedom  of 
ntellectual  and  religious  beliefs,  universal  education,  representative  govern- 

87 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

ment,  free  commercial  and  industrial  intercourse,  and  the  integrity  of  China. 
Russia  represents  and  stands  for  the  opposite  of  all  this,  and  her  triumph  would 
set  back  the  progress  of  Asia  by  hundreds  of  years.  In  the  language  of  another, 
"Not  until  some  portion  of  the  white  race,  moved  by  a  sense  of  the  inherent 
rights  of  man  to  man  as  such,  is  ready  with  heroic  spirit  to  face,  and  if  need 
be  to  fight  a  fellow  white  race,  in  behalf  of  the  yellow,  will  justice  be  done  to 
the  Orient.  Not  until  then  will  the  permanent  peace  of  the  world  become 
possible." 

Porto  Rico. — At  the  beginning  of  the  quadrennium  we  had  a  membership 
in  this  field  of  twenty,  and  were  conducting,  in  addition  to  preaching  services, 
a  day  school  in  the  city  of  Ponce.  We  began  the  quadrennium  with  the  oper 
ation  of  three  stations,  and  close  with  fourteen ;  began  with  one  church  organ 
ization,  and  close  with  seven ;  began  with  a  church-membership  of  twenty,  and 
close  with  two  hundred  and  forty-four ;  began  with  two  Sunday  schools,  and 
close  with  eight;  began  with  two  hundred  and  twenty-five  scholars,  and  close 
with  five  hundred;  began  with  one  native  worker,  and  close  with  five;  began 
with  no  church-houses,  and  close  with  three;  began  with  two  rented  halls,  and 
close  with  seven.  The  church  building  at  Ponce  is  valued  at  $12,000;  the 
chapel  at  Coto  Laurel,  $900;  at  Talleboa,  $800.  Total  for  church  property, 
$13,700. 

In  the  recent  months  extensive  revivals  have  obtained,  and  growth  is  sure 
to  be  rapid  from  now  on.  In  much  of  the  district  assigned  to  us  in  the  original 
arrangement  between  the  different  societies  operating  in  Porto  Eico  we  have 
exclusive  control,  and  a  'few  years  will  see  a  strong  and  vigorous  conference 
on  this  island.  Results  at  the  present  time  are  in  advance  of  anything  in  our 
history,  for  the  time  covered  by  our  operations. 

THE   HOME    MISSIONS. 

Among  the  home  missions  receiving  aid  from  the  Missionary  Society  at  the 
close  of  the  last  quadrennium  the  following  have  passed  off  the  list :  Bridge- 
water,  South  Dakota;  Buffalo,  New  York;  Cincinnati,  Ohio;  Eugene,  Oregon; 
Elbert,  Colorado;  Fort  Scott,  Kansas;  Hood  River,  Oregon;  Huntingdon, 
Pennsylvania;  McLoud,  Oklahoma;  Monterey,  Virginia;  Mathews,  Indiana; 
McKeesport,  Pennsylvania;  Mt.  Vernon,  Illinois;  Metropolis,  Illinois;  New- 
kirk,  Oklahoma;  Niwot,  Colorado;  Olney,  Illinois;  Parsons,  Kansas;  Roanoke, 
Virginia;  Reading,  Pennsylvania;  Riverside,  California;  Rich  Hill,  Missouri; 
Salina,  Kansas;  Selma,  California;  Second  Church,  Toledo,  Ohio-  The 
Palms,  California;  Watonga,  Oklahoma;  White  Pine,  Tennessee,  and  Wash 
ington,  D.  C. 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

New  work  has  been  undertaken  at  the  following  stations:  Oakland,  Cal 
ifornia;  Keedley,  California;  Atlanta,  Georgia;  Terre  Haute,  Indiana;  Min 
neapolis,  Minnesota;  Chicago  Grace  Church,  and  Chicago  German  Church; 
Shawnee,  Enid,  and  Oklahoma  City,  Oklahoma  Territory;  Second  and  Third 
churches,  Columbus,  Ohio;  South  Bend,  Indiana;  Knoxville,  Lawrenceburg, 
and  Nashville,  Tennessee;  and  Grafton,  West  Virginia. 

Our  home  missionaries  have  had  an  average  weekly  hearing  of  4,384  persons, 
and  an  average  weekly  Sunday-school  attendance  of  3,379,  closing  with  a 
church-membership  of  5,516.  Accessions  during  the  quadrennium,  5,326;  con 
tributions  by  congregations  to  support  of  home  missionaries,  $47,146.93; 
amount  contributed  to  the  church  benevolences,  $33,598;  amount  contributed 
on  church  property,  $88,167.39.  The  Society  has  maintained  an  average  of 
twelve  presiding-elder  districts  for  the  four  years  of  the  quadrennium,  and  an 
average  of  sixty-one  missionary  pastors. 

A  large  support  has  been  given  in  the  Oklahoma  Conference  to  meet  some 
what  adequately  the  imperative  demand  of  that  growing  and  thrifty  Territory. 
The  opportunities  have  been  limitless,  and  God  has  enabled  us  to  enter  a  goodly 
number  of  the  open  doors.  In  the  Southern  States  we  have  regarded  our  high 
commission  as  calling  us  to  labor  in  a'few  of  the  growing  centers  of  population. 
We  have  sought  all  around  to  avoid  duplication  of  Christian  agencies  need 
lessly.  We  have  sought  to  be  of  larger  service  amid  the  boundless  possibilities 
of  the  Pacific  Coast. 

FOREIGN  AND   HOME   SOCIETIES. 

A  year  ago  the  Board  of  Missions,  in  annual  session,  created  a  committee  to 
canvass  thoroughly  during  the  year  the  question  of  needed  legislation  by  this 
body  with  a  view  to  the  highest  possible  efficiency  of  the  Church-Erection  and 
Missionary  Departments.  The  committee  held  various  sessions,  and  the  whole 
ground  was  covered  by  careful  and  thorough  discussion.  As  the  outcome  of  it 
all,  it  was  agreed  that  the  Church-Erection  Society  should  continue  on  in  the 
present  clear-cut  and  definite  mission  for  building  sanctuaries  throughout  the 
land.  It  was  unanimously  agreed  that  the  work  carried  on  by  the  Home, 
Frontier,  and  Foreign  Missionary  Society  would  be  best  promoted  by  creating 
two  distinct  boards ;  the  one,  as  a  Foreign  Missionary  Society,  succeeding  the 
Home,  Frontier,  and  Foreign  Missionary  Society  in  the  work  of  foreign  mis 
sions  ;  the  other  succeeding  the  Home,  Frontier,  and  Foreign  Missionary  So 
ciety  in  the  work  of  home  missions.  Constitutions  were  carefully  prepared  for 
the  Foreign  and  Home  societies,  the  same  to  be  submitted  to  this  body  for 

89 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

consideration.    The  Rev.  F.  P.  Rosselot,  secretary  of  this  committee,  will  offer 
the  report. 

THE   YOUNG    PEOPLE'S    SOCIETIES. 

The  last  four  years  have  witnessed  a  close  affiliation  between  all  the  foreign 
missionary  societies  in  the  United  States  and  Canada  and  the  several  denom 
inational  Young  People's  organizations.  Many  of  the  societies  have  associated 
in  the  home  staff  a  Young  People's  Department,  led  by  a  special  secretary  to 
young  people.  Where  this  has  not  been  done,  the  cultivation  of  Young  People's 
societies,  with  a  view  to  their  growing  interest  in  the  world's  evangelization, 
has  been  made  a  part  of  secretarial  duties  in  all  the  home  offices.  During  the 
last  year  the  Executive  Committee  of  your  Missionary  Society  drew  up  a  paper 
defining  the  duties  of  such  a  secretary  to  young  people,  and  made  some  effort 
toward  putting  a  competent  man  in  the  field.  The  plans  were  not  perfected, 
but  we  are  ready  now  to  express  the  conviction  that  the  time  has  come  for  the 
Missionary  Society  and  the  Council  of  our  General  Y.  P.  C.  U.  to  cooperate 
in  the  appointment,  maintenance,  and  direction  of  such  a  secretary  to  young 
people.  The  Church  certainly  owes  to  its  children,  young  men  and  maidens 
the  best  possible  culture  and  preparation  for  an  honorable  part  in  the  publi 
cation  of  the  gospel  of  Christ  throughout  the  world. 

The  Young  People's  Movement,  with  its  millions  of  adherents,  has  been 
distinctly  characterized  by  an  aptness  for  foreign  missions.  It  is  the  trend 
of  the  age,  and  indicates  the  movement  of  the  Spirit  of  God.  Four  years  ago 
the  Young  People's  Missionary  Movement,  officered  and  controlled  by  the 
chosen  representatives  of  the  American  missionary  societies,  was  brought  into 
existence.  This  movement  has  been  wonderfully  blessed  of  God  in  efforts  to 
provide  leaders  among  young  people  who  would  be  skilled  in  modern  methods 
of  creating  missionary  interest  and  making  possible  a  generation  of  church 
people  who  will  grasp  the  situation  and  go  forward  with  adequate  equipment 
for  the  evangelization  of  the  race.  The  Movement  has  produced  a  series  of 
text-books  on  home  and  foreign  missions  that  have  been  used  in  thousands  of 
mission-study  classes  with  most  excellent  results.  Wherever  these  study  classes 
have  been  conducted  there  has  been  a  large  increase  in  missionary  giving,  as 
also  an  increase  in  the  number  of  missionary  candidates.  The  Movement  has 
also  produced  various  maps,  charts,  pamphlets,  etc.,  which  being  available  for 
use  by  all  the  missionary  societies  of  the  country  at  a  low  rate  of  cost,  have 
become  exceedingly  popular.  From  the  first  organization  of  the  Movement 
your  Secretary  has  served  as  a  member  of  the  Executive  Committee,  and  we 
hope  for  increased  advantages  accruing  to  our  work  through  cooperation  in 
this  movement. 

90 


UNITED    BRETHREN*    IN    CHRIST 
SUNDAY-SCHOOL    AUXILIARIES. 

We  have  had  a  growing  conviction  that  it  was  the  imperative  duty  of  our 
Church  to  bring  the  hundreds  of  thousands  of  boys,  girls,  and  young  people  in 
oun  Sunday  schools  into  living  and  vital  relationship  to  our  missionary  work. 
Methodist  Sunday  schools  are  contributing  to  the  missionary  society  of  the 
Methodist  Church  about  a  half-million  dollars  annually.  The  Sunday  schools 
of  other  denominations  are  doing  proportionately  well.  There  is  always  a  large 
possibility  of  failing  to  enlist  adults  in  behalf  of  the  world-wide  extension  of 
the  kingdom  of  God  who  have  not  been  touched  and  informed  as  to  this  great 
cause  in  early  life.  There  is  something  in  young  life  to  which  the  heroism 
and  sturdy  sacrifice  requisite  to  publishing  the  gospel  in  all  lands  most  power 
fully  appeals.  We  commit  an  unpardonable  blunder  if  we  shall  fail  in  training 
the  coining  generation  of  our  Church  as  to  world-wide  missionary  obligation 
and  opportunity.  During  the  past  year  your  Secretary  prepared  a  definite  form 
of  pledge  by  which  Sunday  schools  may  voluntarily  become  auxiliary  in  the 
prosecution  of  the  work  of  the  Society.  Under  this  plan  forty  Sunday  schools 
have  received  the  elegant  charter  of  the  Society,  and  sixty-eight  schools  have 
officially  and  voluntarily  executed  the  pledge  as  auxiliaries.  The  result  has 
been  a  thorough  correspondence  from  the  office  of  the  Secretary  with  these 
Sunday  schools,  together  with  the  distribution  of  carefully  selected  literature, 

land  a  most  valuable  increase  of  the  prayer-life  in  behalf  of  our  missionary 
work.  For  the  few  months  since  the  plan  was  inaugurated  the  Sunday  schools 

,have  increased  the  income  of  the  Society  by  more  than  six  hundred  dollars. 
The  pledge  provides  for  a  brief  missionary  address,  with  a  free-will  offering 
in  the  Sunday  school  at  least  once  a  quarter,  the  offering  to  be  forwarded  to 

.the  office  of  the  General  Secretary,  for  record  as  to  conference  and  school  on 
the  back  of  the  pledge  card.  On  receipt  of  the  first  offering  under  the  pledge 

i  the  charter  is  forwarded. 

EVANGELISTIC    MOVEMENT. 

Two  years  ago  the  Board,  in  annual  meeting,  provided  for  a  special  evan 
gelistic  movement,  through  a  committee  appointed  to  have  charge  of  said 
movement,  and  the  Rev.  F.  P.  Rosselot  was  made  chairman  of  the  committee, 

land  evangelist-at-large.  Mr.  Eosselot  and  those  associated  with  him  have 
rendered  a  distinct  service  to  the  Church  since  the  committee  was  instituted, 

,  and  the  special  meetings  held  have  resulted  in  hundreds  of  conversions  and 
accessions  to  the  Church.  Some  difficulty  has  been  experienced  in  financing 
the  movement  as  the  needs  required.  The  constitution  prepared  by  the  com- 

91 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

-mittee  appointed  by  the  Missionary  Society  provides  that  this  work  shall  be 
supervised  by  the  Home  Missionary  Society.  It  is  believed  that  this  will  com 
mend  itself  to  this  body. 

MISSIONARY    PUBLICATION    AND    EDUCATION. 

It  is  clearly  the  function  of  the  Missionary  Society  to  lead  in  the  work  of 
educating  the  Church  as  to  the  work  of  Christian  missions.  This  can  be  done 
by  inciting  and  helping  pastors  to  take  a  large  responsibility  in  such  educa 
tional  work ;  by  the  establishing  and  maintenance  of  mission-study  classes,  the 
circulation  of  missionary  libraries,  the  holding  of  missionary  institutes  and 
rallies,  systematic  correspondence,  the  publication  and  circulation  of  pam 
phlets,  maps,  books,  magazines,  etc.  Like  all  educational  work,  the  process  is 
costly  and  the  financial  returns  are  not  immediate;  yet  finally,  such  work  is 
most  fruitful  and  pays  from  the  standpoint  of  increased  income  to  the  Society. 
We  must  have  patience  with  processes,  and  sow  the  seed  in  faith.  If  the  Mis 
sionary  Society  is  to  do  absolutely  nothing  save  that  which  immediately  pays 
the  Society  in  dollars  and  cents,  its  influence  will  be  diminished  and  its  future 
blasted.  The  Anti-Saloon  Leagues  of  the  different  States  declare  that  one  of 
the  most  legitimate  uses  of  their  funds  is  the  publication  and  distribution  of 
periodicals,  leaflets,  etc.,  giving  information  to  the  people.  This  branch  of 
their  work  is  not  self-supporting. 

During  the  twelve  years  that  your  Secretary  has  been  in  annual  conference 
with  the  officers  of  American  missionary  societies  in  New  York  City,  he  has 
endeavored  to  be  open-minded  and  wide-awake  as  to  the  best  policies  and  meth 
ods  in  doing  the  great  work  committed  to  the  Missionary  Society.  At  the 
meeting  in  New  York  City  last  January  a  special  conference  was  held,  which 
called  together  the  representatives,  editorial  and  otherwise,  of  the  various  mis 
sionary  publications  put  out  by  the  different  denominations.  Careful  canvass 
of  the  experience  and  policy  of  the  several  missionary  societies  brought  out  the 
fact  that,  with  but  one  or  two  exceptions,  the  magazines  and  other  publications 
of  the  societies  are  not  self-supporting.  The  conference  also  brought  out  the 
fact  that,  with  but  one  or  two  exceptions  among  the  long  list  of  societies,  the 
deficit  in  the  conduct  of  magazines  or  periodicals  amounts  to  from  three  thou 
sand  to  fourteen  thousand  dollars  per  annum.  The  society  which  heartily 
meets  a  deficit  of  fourteen  thousand  dollars  a  year  on  its  publication  is  one  of 
the  most  powerful,  prosperous,  and  effective  on  the  American  Continent  It 
was  the  uniform  testimony  that  the  magazine  work  of  the  societies  is  an  abso 
lute  requisite  to  efficiency,  and  that  through  a  period  of  years  this  publication 
work  amply  pays  in  every  respect. 

92 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Four  years  ago  this  body,  by  a  most  decisive  vote,  authorized  the  publication 
'  of  the  Search  Light  for  the  quadrennium.  We  believe  that  action  was  wise. 
During  the  quadrennium  the  Search  Light  has  cost  the  Society  a  little  more 
than  two  thousand  dollars  above  its  income  from  paid  subscriptions.  When  you 
consider  the  fact  that  the  major  portion  of  this  deficit  was  created  by  the 
i  circulation  throughout  the  whole  denomination  of  seventy  thousand  copies  of 
special  editions,  devoted  to  our  work  in  Chicago  and  our  work  in  Porto  Rico, 
it  is  manifest  that  our  publication  has  really  fared  well,  as  compared  with  the 
experience  of  other  denominations  and  societies. 

A  few  months  ago  the  Search  Light  was  changed  to  a  more  beautiful  form, 

and  given  a  broader  range  of  contents.    Abundant  illustrations  were  introduced 

as  a  feature.     The  plan  of  selling  the  Search  Light  through  the  agency  of 

|  boys  and  girls  in  monthly  sales  has  shown,  wherever  tried,  that  the  Search 

,  Light,  as  now  produced,  is  a  salable  commodity  in  any  market. 

A  letter  received  from  a  pastor  who  was  sufficiently  enterprising  and  inter 
ested  to  put  to  work  a  couple  of  bright  boys  in  his  city  in  the  sale  of  the 
magazine,  reports  that  the  twenty  copies  received  went  like  hot  cakes,  and 
many  more  could  have  been  sold.  We  are  convinced  that  a  high-grade  pub 
lication,  constructed  after  modern  standards  of  mechanical  and  magazine 
beauty  can  be  made  very  useful  and  successful  in  the  necessary  campaign  of 
missionary  education.  It  is  hoped  that  the  Search  Light  may  be  continued  by 
this  body. 

IMPORTANT   THINGS  TO  BE   DONE. 

There  is  an  immediate  necessity  for  a  modern  church  building,  at  a  cost  of 
about  six  thousand  dollars,  in  Juana  Diaz,  Porto  Rico.  Juana  Diaz  is  a  fine 
city  on  the  military  road  between  San  Juan  and  Ponce,  with  a  population  of 
four  or  five  thousand,  and  a  population  aggregating  thirty  thousand  in  adja 
cent  communities.  Ours  is  the  only  Protestant  church  operating  in  the  city. 
God  has  wonderfully  blessed  the  preaching  and  lives  of  our  missionaries.  We 
have  a  large  church-membership.  Largely-attended  preaching  services  are  also 
held  in  nearby  towns.  The  authorities  of  Juana  Diaz  have  voted  us  an  indef 
inite  lease  to  a  fine  lot  facing  the  public  square,  on  which  we  may  erect  the 
church.  It  is  hoped,  by  special  solicitation,  to  raise  the  funds  for  this  build 
ing  within  the  next  few  months.  A  church-house  at  Guayanilla,  Porto  Rico, 
at  the  more  moderate  cost  of  one  thousand  dollars,  is  very  much  needed. 

In  Japan  we  should.be  able  to  command  soon  five  or  six  thousand  dollars  for 
missionary  residences.  The  work  of  the  mission  has  advanced  beyond  the 
experimental  stage,  and  residence  rentals  are  high.  The  money  must  be  se- 

93 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

cured  with  which  to  put  up  these  buildings.  We  still  believe  that  in  the  absence 
of  requisite  funds  by  direct  gift,  it  would  be  proper  and  judicious  to  allow  a 
temporary  loan  from  the  Permanent  Fund  of  the  Missionary  Society  for  this 
work  of  constructing  missionary  residences.  The  amount  being  paid  for  rent 
would  more  than  pay  the  interest  on  the  money,  and  by  a  schedule  of  annual 
payments  from  the  appropriation  the  principal  could  be  gradually  returned  to 
the  treasury.  The  Missionary  Society  would  be  owner  outright  of  the  property, 
which  in  itself  would  be  security  for  the  funds  invested. 

The  sum  of  four  thousand  dollars  or  more  must  be  provided  to  complete  the 
Albert  Academy  plant  at  Freetown,  Africa. 

The  response  of  the  Church  to  the  "Pay-as-You-Go  Fund,"  which  netted 
almost  sixteen  hundred  dollars,  and  the  sentiment  expressed  in  connection  with 
these  gifts,  evidences  the  fact  that  this  Church  is  at  this  hour  prepared  for 
enlarged  giving  for  the  direct  enlargement  of  our  missionary  enterprises.  The 
avoidance  of  debt  in  our  missionary  management  is  the  forerunner  of  enlarged 
giving. 

VISIT   TO    PORTO   RICO   AND   DEDICATION   OF    PONCE    CHURCH. 

In  November,  1903,  Bishop  J.  S.  Mills  and  your  Secretary  visited  the  island 
of  Porto  Rico,  holding  special  services  and  inspecting  the  work  of  our  mis 
sionaries. 

On  the  first  Sunday  of  December,  in  the  year  named.  Bishop  Mills  dedi 
cated  our  splendid  new  church  at  Ponce.  The  work  was  found  to  be  in  a  most 
prosperous  condition. 

LARGER   INCOME. 

Our  denomination  is  two  hundred  and  sixty  thousand  strong.     The  canvass 
for  the  mission  debt  has  revealed  the  fact  that  even  from  unlikely  charges, 
under  proper  appeal,  surprising  financial  support  for  missionary  enterprises  can 
be  obtained.     The  canvass  also  revealed  the  fact  that  in  some  instances  our 
ministers  themselves  need  to  have  in  mind  a  higher  standard  of  giving  for  their 
people.    Beyond  a  doubt  we  have  come  to  the  period  in  our  denominational  life 
when  the  giving  of  our  membership  must  be  materially  increased.    The  call  for 
the  exercise  of  the  grace  of  giving  under  the  principles  of  Christian  steward 
ship  must  be  made  more  emphatic  and  definite.    The  subject  is  one  to  be  can- 
'  treated  by  every  pastor  in  the  denomination.    No  man  needs  to  apologize 
r  presenting  the  claims  of  God  upon  the  rapidly-growing  income   of  our 
eople.     As  a  Church,  our  resources  are  but  partially  under  tribute  for  the 
kingdom  of  God.     Within  the  next  quadrennium  our  home  and  foreign  work 
ommand  the  money  of  the  Church  to  the  amount  of  seventy-five  thou- 

04 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

sand  to  one  hundred  thousand  dollars  a  year  for  each  department.  The  stand 
ard  of  missionary  giving  should  not  be  less  than  an  amount  equal  to  one  dollar 
per  capita  to  our  entire  membership,  per  year. 

In  conclusion,  let  me  plead  only  a  moment  for  the  larger  realization  of  the 
spiritual  life  and  the  more  abundant  surrender  to  the  missionary  passion.  So 
long  as  the  lighting  flashes  through  the  sky  it  is  potent  beyond  measure.  The 
moment  it  rests  it  dies.  Only  as  the  church  militant  is  in  living,  vital  action 
for  Christ,  the  Savior  and  Master  of  men,  can  it  be  possessed  with  power  and 
be  entrusted  with  the  execution  of  the  great  commission.  Forward  then,  to  the 
larger  things  in  personal  and  denominational  life. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

WM.  M.  BELL,  General  Secretary. 

PORTO  RICO. 

PONCE,  PORTO  Rico,  April  10,  1905. 

To  the  Board  of  Directors  of  the  Home,  Frontier,  and  Foreign  Missionary- 
Society,  Greeting  : 

I  herewith  submit  to  you  my  report  for  year  ending  March  31,  1905,  at  the 
same  time  praying  to  Almighty  God  that  his  richest  blessings  may  be  upon 
you  during  the  present  session  of  the  Board.  God  has  been  merciful  to  your 
representatives  in  Porto  Rico  during  the  year  just  ended,  blessing  them  with 
health,  harmony,  and  abounding  hope  in  the  work  of  the  Lord. 

Materially  the  conditions  of  the  island,  have  changed  very  little  during 
the  year.  While  the  sugar  industry  is  prosperous,  the  coffee  interests  still 
languish.  Even  on  the  sugar  plantations,  with  the  crops  abundant  and  the 
sugar  at  an  unusually  high  price,  the  wage  of  the  common  laborer  has  been 
kept  down  to  from  thirty  to  forty  cents  per  day,  so  that  the  masses  of  the 
people  are  sorely  afflicted  with  poverty. 

The  educational  interests  of  the  island  move  steadily  forward.  Each  year 
sees  improvement  in  methods  and  increased  advantages  offered  to  the  youth 
of  Porto  Rico.  A  nine  thousand  dollar  brick  school  building  is  just  being 
completed  in  Juana  Diaz,  and  in  Ponce  the  foundation  of  the  high-school 
building  is  now  being  laid.  With  these  two  there  are  now  in  the  territory 
occupied  by  our  Church  seven  schoolhouses  built  since  the  American  occu 
pation. 

Before  speaking  specifically  of  our  own  mission,  I  will  give  you  some  gen 
eral  items  of  interest  with  regard  to  the  spread  of  the  gospel  in  Porto  Rico. 
Rev.  Joseph  W.  Lamb,  agent  of  the  American  Bible  Society,  reports  that 

95 


TWEXTY-FOrRTII    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

during  the  past  year  ten  colporteurs  have  been  employed,  and  that  there  were 
sold  1,687  Bibles,  2,182  New  Testaments,  and  5,094  portions,  and  -that  1,037 
Bibles  and  portions  were  given  away,  making  a  total  circulation  during  the 
year  of  10,000  copies.  The  importance  of  this  work  cannot  be  overestimated, 
for  the  entrance  of  the  Word  brings  light  to  the  people. 

I  will  also  give  you  some  general  statistics  of  the  work  of  Protestant  mis 
sions  in  the  island,  gathered  by  Rev.  George  W.  Benedict  of  Guayama. 
There  are  69  organized  churches,  with  a  membership  of  6,315,  with  30,000 
adherents.  The  Word  is  preached  in  254  stations  by  51  ordained  ministers 
and  83  helpers.  There  are  113  Sunday  schools  and  20  church-houses.  The 
total  number  that  hear  the  preaching  of  the  Word  weekly  reaches  15,000. 

With  regard  to  our  own  work,  I  am  glad  to  report  that  there  has  been  an 
advance  in  every  department,  as  you  may  see  from  the  table  of  statistics 
I  insert : 

Year  1903  1904  1905 

Stations  9  10  14 

Organizations   1  5  7 

Membership    50  145  244 

Sunday  schools   5  6  8 

Enrollment    225  405  500 

Native  workers    2  3  5 

Church-houses l  3  3 

Rented  halls   4  4.  7 

From  this  table  you  may  see  the  numerical  progress  of  the  mission  during 
the  past  three  years.  But  this  tells  nothing  of  the  intensive  work  of  the 
mission,  the  growth  in  grace  and  in  knowledge  of  the  'Word  on  the  part  of 
the  members,  the  better  organization  of  Sunday  schools  and  other  depart 
ments  of  tiie  Church,  the  increased  facility  in  the  use  of  the  language  by 
the  American  missionaries,  all  of  which  tend  to  give  increased  momentum 
to  the  work  and,  under  the  blessing  of  heaven,  increased  fruitage  in  the 
years  to  come. 

By  the  authority  of  the  executive  committee  the  work  was  organized,  in 
December,  1904,  into  a  mission  district,  with  three  ordained  ministers  and 
three  quarterly  conference  preachers. 

Confronted  with  the  fact  that  we  had  no  church  literature  in  the  lan 
guage  of  the  people  we  were  led  to  purchase  a  press  and  publish  a  monthly 
paper  to  represent  our  work  in  the  island.  The  paper  has  a  paid  circulation 
nearly  two  hundred.  In  addition  to  this,  the  press  furnishes  us  with 

96 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

tracts,  announcements,  circulars,  etc.,  of  inestimable  value  to  the  mission. 
The  impressions  in  a  year  will  reach  60,000.  The  printing  of  the  mission 
jis  ably  done  by  Brother  Drury,  in  addition  to  his  other  abundant  labors. 

The  following  is  a  list  of  the  property  of  the  Porto  Rican  Mission,  with 
estimated  values : 

Ponce  church $12,000 

Goto  chapel   900 

Tallaboa  chapel    800 

Printing   press    325 

Hall  furnishing   250 

Two   horses    70 


Total   $14,345 

With  regard  to  the  appropriation  for  the  coming  year,  We  most  earnestly 
request  that  it  be  no  less  than  $4,000.  We  were  given  $3,000  last  year,  with 
"he  promise  of  $800  over  and  above  the  appropriation  and  the  specials  then 
running.  With  a  little  more  effort  the  appropriation  could  be  raised  to 
£4,000,  which  amount  is  barely  enough  to  keep  the  mission  running  at  its 
present  rate. 

We  also  request  that  the  resolution  passed  by  the  board  at  its  last  session 
concerning  the  raising  of  $5,000  for  the  erection  of  a  church  at  Juana  Diaz 
\nd  one  other  point  be  carried  into  effect  at  the  earliest  possible  date.  Juana 
Diaz  is  the  center  of  a  large  district  in  which  ours  is  the  only  Protestant 
:hurch  operating,  and  a  substantial  church-house  will  not  only  be  a  blessing 
,o  the  town  itself,  but  also  a  great  inspiration  to  our  work  throughout  the 
ii  strict.  Your  servant, 

N.  H.  HUFFMAN. 

AFRICAN   MISSIONS. 

| To  the  Board  of  Directors  of  the  Home,  Frontier,  and  Foreign  Missionary 

Society,  Greeting. 

The  following  is  a  brief  report  of  the  portion  of  the  United  Brethren  West 
African  Mission  under  your  care  for  the  year  ending  December  31,  1904. 

There  have  been  abundant  tokens  of  divine  mercy  and  favor  upon  our  work 
luring  the  year,  and  we  are  constrained  to  say,  "The  Lord  is  good,  and  his 
nercy  endureth  forever." 

As  I  begin,  I  am  reminded  that  with  this  report  we  close  the  record  of  the 
irst  half-century  of  our  missionary  efforts  in  Africa.  Many  noble  and  devoted 

97 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

men  and  women  have  toiled  in  this  field,  and  we  count  it  a  privilege  to  folio* 
after  and  endeavor,  in  His  name,  to  carry  on  towards  perfection  that  whicl 
they  began. 

OUR    STAFF    OF    WORKERS. 

Until  the  arrival  of  Rev.  E.  P.  Dougherty,  the  Superintendent  and  his  wif< 
were  the  only  American  missionaries  employed  under  your  Board,  but  th< 
native  brethren  are  proving  more  efficient  and  devoted  from  year  to  year 
Twenty-one  pastors,  teachers,  or  helpers  have  toiled  in  the  eleven  stations  tha 
have  been  operated  during  the  year. 

At  the  beginning  of  the  year  three  new  workers  were  taken  on  the  staff- 
Thomas  Lewis  and  Mrs.  Dove,  both  former  Shenge  Training-School  students 
and  Mr.  J.  C.  Williams. 

Early  in  the  year  our  Mendi  evangelist  in  Freetown  resigned,  but  the  servj 
ices  of  J.  D.  Turner  were  secured,  who  took  up  the  work  with  commendabL 
energy. 

The  coming  of  Mr.  Dougherty  to  begin  the  Albert  Academy  in  Freetowi 
gave  an  impetus  to  the  work  and  cheer  to  the  workers. 

Not  only  had  the  workers  of  the  Woman's  Missionary  Association,  but  ou 
whole  mission  had  been  looking  forward  to  the  time  when  Rev.  E.  E.  Tod< 
and  wife  should  be  back  among  us  again.  They  arrived  in  September,  an< 
he  proved  a  valuable  counselor  in  all  departments  of  the  work.  Our  plans  fo 
the  coming  year  included  him  with  his  experience  and  good,  safe  judgmenl 
but  the  dear  Master  above  saw  differently,  and  on  December  11  our  belovei 
Brother  Todd  was  called  from  his  too  abundant  service  to  a  well-earned  rewarc 
Only  by  an  unshaken  faith  in  the  infinite  wisdom  of  Him  who  calls  into  ani 
directs  his  children  in  service  can  we  go  forward  at  such  a  moment  as  this 
To  our  human  judgment  the  loss  is  an  irreparable  one,  and  the  loss  of  n. 
brother  in  the  flesh  could  have  been  more  keenly  felt  by  myself.  Our  praye 
is  that  the  Lord  of  the  harvest  may  thrust  forth  others  who  will  have  lik 
adaptation  to  the  needs  of  the  work  here. 

PREACHING   THE   WORD. 

We  believe  that  the  greatest  duty  of  a  foreign  missionary  is  to  preach  th 
Word  which  has  the  promise  that  "it  shall  not  return  unto  him  void,  but  sha 
accomplish  that  whereunto  he  hath  sent  it." 

A  year  ago  an  attempt  was  made  to  bring  the  matter  of  itinerating  under 
more  systematic  arrangement  by  giving  the  itinerants  blanks  by  which  the 
could  plan  their  movements  for  a  quarter  in  advance.  This  has  secured  a  moi 

98 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

,  egular  visitation  to  the  towns  surrounding  the  stations.  The  plan  has  not 
i>een  fully  understood,  but  after  the  year  of  experience  and  instruction  as  to 
ts  use  we  may  confidently  expect  better  results  for  the  coming  year. 

There  have  been  some  independent  movements  in  evangelizing  that  have  been 
;'ery  encouraging.  Our  good  people  at  Bonthe  employed  two  young  men  for 
.  few  months,  who  itinerated  continually  among  the  villages  around  the  city. 
Che  Young  People's  Christian  Union  at  Shenge  have  taken  up  the  responsi- 
»ility  of  carrying  the  gospel  weekly  to  six  of  the  villages  near  there.  Another 
•ery  encouraging  fact  is  that  many  of  the  members,  as  they  go  to  the  interior 
or  the  purpose  of  trading,  may  often  be  found  preaching  the  Word  on  Sun- 
lays.  God  is  laying  the  responsibility  upon  the  hearts  of  those  who  have  re- 
eived  these  blessings  of  giving  them  out  to  others. 

It  is  a  very  difficult  matter  to  hold  special  revival  meetings,  such  as  we 
ommonly  have  in  America,  but  such  efforts  were  made  at  Bonthe,  Otterbein, 
^embehu,  and,  I  believe,  at  Shenge  also,  with  encouraging  results.  It  is  our 
lope  that  we  may  follow  in  the  evangelistic  movement  that  is  accomplishing 

0  much  at  home  and  see  what  can  be  done  by  special  evangelists. 

SCHOOLS. 

Education  is  a  strong  arm  of  missionary  endeavor,  and  it  is  our  policy  to 
dvance  this  interest  as  much  as  possible. 

There  have  been  ten  schools  in  operation  during  the  year,  and  reference  to 
be  table  below  will  show  that  the  enrollment  reached  four  hundred  and  two,  a 
light  increase  over  last  year.  In  addition  to  these  day  schools  the  Albert 
Lcadeniy  boys  have  kept  a  night  school  for  some  time  in  one  of  the  Mendi 
enters  of  Freetown.  The  scholars  in  these  night  schools  are  mostly  adults, 
pon  whom  the  gospel  is  beginning  to  have  the  effect  of  creating  a  desire  for 
lore  knowledge. 

BOARDING    SCHOOLS. 

A  children's  home,  or  boarding  school,  has  been  maintained  at  Shenge  dur- 
ig  the  year,  where  we  have  for  many  years  kept  up  this  kind  of  work.  We 
ave  had  sixteen  boys  as  boarders,  thus  keeping  them  in  school  more  regularly 
aan  others  attend,  as  well  as  shielding  them  from  the  many  pernicious  influ- 
tices  that  they  would  have  been  subject  to  in  their  homes.  These  homes  are, 

1  a  partial  sense,  orphanages  as  well,  for  some  of  the  children  have  no  one 
)  support   them.     At  the  beginning  of  the  year  arrangements   were  made 
hereby  some  of  the  ShengS  Mission  girls  were  taken  into  other  homes  there 

99 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

and  sent  to  the  school,  while  some  of  them  were  sent  to  Moyamba,  under  thi 
care  of  the  Girls'  Home  at  that  place. 

In  addition  to  these  directly  supported  by  the  mission  the  native  worker 
have  supported  between  forty  and  fifty  children,  coming  mostly  from  heathei 
homes.  We  do  not  tabulate  these  voluntary  efforts,  but  they  will  certainly  b 
as  fruitful  as  many  other  efforts  that  cost  much  money  to  carry  forward. 

INDUSTRIAL    WORK. 

This  is  a  line  of  work  that  can  only  be  carried  on  in  connection  with  thi 
boarding  schools. 

It  is  to  be  regretted  that  we  have  not  been  able  to  carry  forward  the  excellen 
beginning  in  work-shop  practice  made  by  our  lamented  Brother  Albert,  bu 
there  has  been  no  one  who  was  capable  of  teaching  the  work  he  had  started 
However,  Mr.  Sumner,  at  Shenge,  has  kept  up  a  high  degree  of  work  on  th 
farm,  and  the  boys  have  not  wanted  for  as  much  casava  as  they  needed  for  food 
They  have  also  kept  the  large  mission  grounds  in  order,  as  well  as  the  coffe 
orchard.  In  these  things  they  have  not  only  been  taught  to  associate  labo 
with  study,  but  have  been  able  to  lessen  the  expense  of  their  support. 

This  question  of  industrial  education  is  one  that  is  at  the  front  in  the  dis 
cussion  of  the  missionary  problem,  and  is  certainly  of  great  importance,  but  i 
more  difficult  to  solve  than  is  commonly  supposed.  Two  main  objects  are  to  b 
sought  in  this  kind  of  training;  first,  the  creating  of  a  proper  conception  o 
and  attitude  toward  labor,  and  secondly,  the  training  of  the  hand  to  more  cun 
ning,  or,  in  other  words,  making  the  individual  more  skillful.  The  first  i 
usually  best  obtained  from  the  personal  influence  of  the  teacher  himself,  an< 
cannot  be  realized  unless  the  teacher  holds  the  right  views  on  the  question  o 
labor.  Most  of  our  teachers  exert  a  good  influence  in  this  direction,  and  w 
can  see  progress  in  this  line. 

THE   ALBERT   ACADEMY. 

We  are  glad  to  report  that  this  much-needed  institution  has  been  establish^ 
and  that  its  beginning  has  been  most  hopeful. 

We  have  rented  a  building  that  is  very  suitable  to  our  needs.     This  hous 
costs  us  about  two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  per  year,  and  the  needed  altei 
ations  had  to  be  made  by  us.    The  outlining  of  the  policy  of  the  school  has  bee 
carefully  taken  up,  and  this,  with  the  preparation  of  the  building,  claimed 
fair  share  of  the  Superintendent's  time  during  the  latter  half  of  the  year. 

We  were  able  to  open  the  Academy  on  October  4,  and  after  a  very  successff 

100 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IN    CHRIST 

preliminary  term  had  a  grand  public  opening,  in  connection  with  our  jubilee 
exercises,  when  the  governor  of  the  colony  declared  the  school  open  on  Jan 
uary  16. 

The  present  term  has  far  surpassed  our  most  sanguine  expectations,  and  if 
we  maintain  our  present  rate  of  growth,  we  will  have  to  increase  our  present 
capacity  before  we  can  hope  to  get  the  new  building  in  readiness. 

Principal  Dougherty  is  proving  the  right  man  in  the  right  place,  and  we 
hope  for  large  things  for  this  institution. 

BUILDINGS. 

A  good  plant  and  equipment  is  essential  to  any  successful  enterprise,  and 
missions  are  not  exceptions  to  the  rule. 

It  has  been  the  aim  since  we  have  taken  up  the  work  of  reconstruction  after 
the  uprising  of  1898  to  build  as  securely  as  possible.  We  have  endeavored  to 
avoid  any  buildings  that  were  not  absolutely  necessary  to  the  work,  but  do  good 
what  we  undertake. 

The  Weaver  Memorial  Church,  Bonthe. — This  building  has  tested  the  ability 
of  our  people  in  the  extreme,  and  is  requiring  a  good  while  to  complete  it,  but 
the  people  and  pastor  have  felt  that  they  should  build  in  a  way  that  would  be 
satisfactory  for  years  to  come,  and  it  has  happened  that  the  cost  of  the  building 
has  far  exceeded  the  estimates  of  the  Superintendent.  It  is  marvelous  how 
these  good  people  have  sacrificed  through  these  past  four  years,  and  it  is  now 
arranged  that  the  church  will  be  dedicated  on  March  5. 

This  is  the  largest  native  enterprise  undertaken,  and  it  is  with  a  feeling  of 
satisfaction  that  we  report  it  so  nearly  completed.  It  is  confidently  expected 
that  the  cash  collection  on  the  day  of  dedication  will  meet  all  the  indebtedness, 
save  what  is  due  the  Church-Erection  Society.  Provisions  are  being  made 
whereby  these  claims  can  be  promptly  met.  Thus  we  will  secure  a  property 
that  will  be  worth  nearly  fifteen  thousand  dollars,  by  local  effort,  with  the  sole 
exception  of  about  one  thousand  dollars  solicited  by  Brother  Taylor  while  in 
America. 

This  building  will  not  only  establish  us  and  give  us  prestige  in  the  southern 
end  of  the  colony,  but  will  help  us  in  all  our  work. 

Two  clay  mission-houses  have  been  completed  during  the  year,  two  others 
begun,  and  two  clay  chapels  almost  completed. 

The  work  on  the  frame  church  at  Dayman  has  been  at  a  standstill,  but  the 
people  have  collected/  materials  and  funds  that  insure  the  speedy  completion 
of  the  building. 

101 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Our  people  on  the  Otterbein  Circuit  have  collected  nearly  half  enough  to 
build  a  good  stone  church,  and  ground  has  already  been  broken. 

Freetown  Church. — 'Not  until  late  in  the  year  were  all  legal  matters  suf 
ficiently  cleared  up  to  warrant  the  beginning  of  work  on  the  property  that  we 
had  secured.  We  have  secured  a  location  in  the  center  of  the  city,  and  will 
be  able  to  gather  into  this  organization  all  our  old  members  who  have  come 
into  the  city. 

Beginning  the  work  late,  as  we  did,  it  was  difficult  to  get  the  church  ready 
for  opening  at  our  conference  session,  but  we  are  thankful  to  report  that  all 
was  in  readiness,  and  we  had  a  most  auspicious  beginning  of  our  work. 

The  establishing  of  our  Church  in  this  metropolis  of  the  West  Coast  of 
Africa  has  given  to  all  our  workers  and  members  a  new  impetus,  and  has 
created  already  a  commendable  pride  that  is  producing  more  loyalty  on  the 
part  of  oiir  workers. 

We  have  recently  purchased  a  lot  adjoining  the  church  lot,  which  gives  us  a 
splendid  block  in  this  central  location.  It  remains  for  us  to  secure  a  good 
location  for  the  Albert  Academy,  when  we  shall  have  a  good  plant  for  our  head 
quarters. 

I  desire  to  express  the  gratitude  of  our  entire  staff  to  our  good  General  Sec 
retary  and  the  Executive  Committee  for  the  sympathetic  interest  that  has  been 
shown  us  during  the  year. 

You  have  listened  patiently  to  our  difficulties  and  have  ever  rendered  helpful 
advice,  which  has  always  been  much  appreciated. 

We  wish  to  convey  through  you  our  thanks  for  the  special  support  that  has 
been  given  our  work,  without  which  the  work  in  some  of  our  stations  could  not 
have  been  carried  on.  \Ve  have  appreciated  the  practical  contact  we  have  thus 
had  with  the  Cleveland  Church,  the  East  Ohio  Young  People,  the  Southeast 
Ohio  Young  People,  our  Lebanon  congregation,  and  the  Young  People  of 
Lebanon  Valley  College,  and  the  many  others  who  have  connected  themselves 
with  this  work  in  such  a  practical  way. 

I  append  a  statistical  report,  that  will  give  you  a  view  of  the  stations  in 
more  detail.  I  also  enclose  a  financial  statement  for  the  year.  We  give  you 
this  in  addition  to  the  quarterly  financial  statements,  that  you  may  get  a  view 
of  the  whole  year  together,  and  together  with  this  report  understand  what  our 
needs  for  the  coming  year  are. 

I  would  only  say  in  this  connection  that  the  field  is  wide  and  the  doors  are 
•ide  open,  and  I  believe  our  faith  ought  to  be  large  enough  to  make  possible 
die  entering  of  many  important  centers  in  the  interior  that  are  looking  to  us 
for  the  bread  of  life. 

102 


•—  »™ 

ssssssss 
sssss^gs 

s 

1 

•qoinqo  jo  9nj«A 

8888888 

H 

8 

c- 

iSION. 

•sanipjmg 

88888888 

8 

ia 
o" 

VJ 

i 

z 
<J 

•93jBqQ  no 
qsBQ  at  peioaitoQ  junotuy  IB;OX 

sijs^ss-^ 

8 

1  i  !  IS  j  18  ! 

8 

1  H  !*M   ! 

I 

, 

u 
2 

•S^oqOg^qOgWoN 

O^CCCOWCOOJ^H^ 

1 

ft 

•sSaiiaapj  aaiiuj  pas  SSBJQ 

§SlilSl55 

i 

^B  saonBpaecny  9j3ntg  'on  ^B^OX 

P3  OO  «  i-l  •*  CO  SO       »-l 

3 

a 

H 

PI^H 
ganijoapj  J9JCBJJ  pns  SSBJQ  -oj»j 

1 

a 

•S9DiAa9sSaiqOB9ad 

SSS5S2§|g^§ 

'rl 

u 

0 

?B  saanBpug^v  9taaiS  oN  mox 

Ojwc-eoi^c-sONt-w-* 

s 

z 
u 

E 

l'["H  saar  A  jag  3ntqoBaJ,j  'O^ 

S5Sa2S5SS«S 

i 

(I) 

-. 
O 

*S93B^j  Sni^aaj^  fo\ 
•siaqmepi  i^eioog  aointif  -ojj 

y,                          .                          -^                         ..... 

1 
i 

at 

o 
& 
u 

•sJ9qraaj(  -Q_  -Q  -j  -j  -0^ 

iSSJjjftJt 

1 

Of 

'8JBTOT7OC  TOOnOC-niBQQBG  *OW 

gaa^esa  j  s 

to 

H 

'SJdQTH9TO  J03T99C  'O^ 

*§SaS888M 

1 

'SJdQtndTO  ^QBOtnntmno^)  "ON 

O>  M  00  |O  rH  »H  N 

0 

H 

•saqoinqQ  pozinBajQ  *o^ 

—  «—  -  — 

a 

si 

S5 

•'•'••  a 

CQ 

•  •  :  •  •  •  •  •  i  ;a 

1 

UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 


The  Roman  Catholics  have  begun  an  aggressive  movement  toward  the  in-' 
terior,  made  possible  by  a  surplus  of  priests  who  have  been  excluded  from 
France,  and  if  we  do  not  enter  these  towns  they  will  likely  do  so,  and  upon  us 
will  rest  the  responsibility  of  the  erroneous  teaching. 

It  is  our  hope  to  be  with  you  in  your  annual  session,  and  receive  the  inspira 
tion  that  these  convocations  bring. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

J.  R.  KING,  Superintendent. 

GERMANY. 

Following  is  the  statistical  report  of  Germany  Conference  for  the  year 
ending  March  1,  1905: 

Number  of  missions 10 

Number  of  classes 29 

Number  of  organized  churches   22 

Number  of  pastors  and  preachers 12 

Number  of  appointments 45 

Number  of  church  members  reported  last  year 956 

Number  of  members   received   Ill 

Membership  lost  by  death  and  removal 29 

Members  lost  by  excomunicatioii 50 

Increase  in  membership 26 

Present  membership   982 

FINANCES. 

Collections  in  services   $  1,100  00 

For  missions,  or  free  gifts,  etc 710  00 

Paid  by  members  monthly 750  00 

Paid  by  Woman's  Unions  monthly 40  00 

Income  from  rentals  1  510  00 

Income  from  miscellaneous  sources 450  00 


Total  income $  45460  00 

MISSION    PROPERTY. 

Number  of  churches  and  church-houses 11 

Value  of  church  property $76,000  00 

Indebtedness  on  church  property 50  000  00 

Number  of  Sunday  schools   14 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Number  of  children  enrolled   767 

Number  of  teachers    2£ 

Number  of  Woman's  Unions  5 

Number  of  Woman's  Unions  members   63- 

Number  of  Young  People's  Unions 

Number  of  members 156- 

Number  of     Singing  Unions  10 

Number  of  members 133. 

Circulation  of  the  Heilsbote 700 

Circulation  of  the  Friedensbattschaft 11,500 

Circulation  of  Christian  Calendar 22,000 

Respectfully  submitted, 

A.  BARKEMEYER,  Superintendent. 

REV.  W.  H.  WASHINGER,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  move  that 
the  report  and  recommendations  be  referred  to  the  appropriate  com 
mittee. 

Seconded  by  Rev.  L.  W.  Stahl. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded  that  this  report 
be  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee.  Are  you  ready  to  vote  on 
this  reference? 

VOICES.     Question,  question. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  All  in  favor  will  raise  the  hand.  All  op 
posed,  like  sign.  It  is  so  preferred. 

DR.  BELL.  Will  you  suffer  this  word  of  privilege?  I  should  have 
said  that  the  minutes  of  the  last  African  Conference,  the  very  last 
one  presided  over  by  Brother  King,  will  be  in  his  possession,  and  I 
hope  that  many  of  you  during  the  day  will  get  copies. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  will  you  hear  the  report  of  your  Sec 
retary  of  Church  Erection  ? 

VOICES.     Hear,  hear. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  If  there  be  no  objection,  the  report  will  be 
read. 

REV.  H.  U.  Roop,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  May  I 
make  a  motion  at  this  point  ?  I  would  like  to  move  that  all  the  gen 
eral  officers  and  missionaries  be  granted  seats  within  the  bar. 

Motion  seconded  by  Rev.  L.  W.  Stahl. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    You  have  heard  the  motion.    All  in  favor 

105 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

will  raise  the  hand.    All  opposed,  like  sign.    It  is  so  voted.     The  gen 
eral  officers  and  missionaries  are  granted  seats  within  the  bar. 

RKV.  D.  D.  LOWERY.  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  In  the 
distribution  of  these  reports  it  would  expedite  matters  very  much  if 
the  pages  would  give  each  delegation  or  some  one  sitting  there  as  many 

as  they  need. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  this  request.  Let  the  dis 
tribution  be  so  made,  if  it  please  the  Conference.  In  making  your 
distribution  of  these  reports,  please  place  in  the  hands  of  one  member 
of  the  committee  a  sufficient  number  to  supply  the  committee,  and 
that  will  greatly  expedite  the  work. 

DR.  II.  U.  ROOP,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  think  it  is 
but  fair  that  we  give  some  recognition  to  the  correspondents  of  our 
papers.  I  therefore  move  that  all  correspondents  for"  religious  papers, 
daily  papers,  and  Associated  Press,  be  granted  the  privileges  of  this 
Conference. 

Said  motion  was  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  the  motion.  All  in  favor 
of  said  motion,  raise  your  hand.  All  opposed,  like  sign.  The  motion 
prevails. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now,  Brother  Weekley,  you  will  please 
read. 

Dr.  W.  M.  Weekley,  Church-Erection  Secretary,  read  the  report  on 
church  erection. 

REPORT  OF  THE  SECRETARY   OF  THE   CHURCH-ERECTION   SOCIETY. 

To  the  General  Conference  of  the  Church  of  the  United  Breth 
ren  in  Christ. 

FATHERS  AND  BRETHREN  :  It  is  with  feelings  of  gratitude  to 
God  for  his  mercies  and  blessings  that  I  bring  to  you  my  quad 
rennial  report  as  Secretary  of  the  Church-Erection  Society. 

The  success  achieved  during  the  term  now  closing  has  not 
been,  perhaps,  what  some  one  else  might  have  made  it,  but  it  has 
surpassed  what  I  dared  to  hope  for  both  in  the  funds  accumu 
lated  and  in  its  influence  upon  the  life  and  progress  of  the  en 
tire  denomination.  As  the  funds  of  the  Society  have  grown, 
the  demands  for  aid  have  also  multiplied,  and  with  these  have 
come  increased  anxiety  and  responsibility. 

A  little  less  than  ten  years  ago  I  found  in  the  permanent 
fund  $42,500.  This  was  in  the  form  of  loans  to  churches  scat- 

10(5 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

tered  throughout  the  conferences ;  and  all  overdue  except 
$10,500.  At  the  General  Conference  of  1897  a  gain  of  $2,656 
was  reported.  During  the  next  four  years  this  sum  was  pushed 
up  to  $66,508.34,  including  the  little  which  had  been  con 
tributed  to  parsonage  erection.  At  the  close  of  the  last  Gen 
eral  Conference  my  ambition  was  to  increase  this  amount 
during  the  quadrennium  to  $100,000,  and  with  this  end  in  view 
'  I  have  kept  steadily  at  the  work. 

LOANS  RETURNED. 

It  has  been  my  constant  endeavor  to  secure,  in  a  businesslike 
way,  a  prompt  return  of  all  loans  when  due,  but  I  have  not  suc 
ceeded  in  every  case.  However,  the  most  of  the  churches  re 
ceiving  aid  have  tried  to  meet  their  obligations  on  time.  Dur 
ing  the  previous  quadrennium  the  loans  returned  aggregated 
$35,401.92.  This  quadrennium,  including  the  parsonage  loans, 
they  aggregated  $53,810.29,  divided  as  follows:  First  year, 
$10,925.15;  second'  year,  $11,190.78;  third  year,  $14,846.21; 
fourth  year,  $16,848.15.  In  nearly  every  instance  I  have  had 
the  hearty  cooperation  of  both  pastor  and  presiding  elder  in 
making  collections,  and  it  rarely  occurs  that  a  disposition  is 
manifested  upon  the  part  of  any  one  to  disregard  the  claims  of 
the  Society.  Indeed,  I  may  say  that,  after  an  experience  of  ten 
years  in  dealing  with  local  churches  and  conferences,  I  have 
more  faith  than  ever  before  in  the  moral  honesty  and  financial 
integrity  of  our  people. 

NEW    FUNDS    SECURED. 

The  new  funds  raised  for  the  work  come  through  the  chart 
collections  and  personal  solicitation.  I  have  given  the  matter 
of  increasing  the  conference  collections  my  best  efforts,  and 
not  without  a  fair  measure  of  success.  Ten  years  ago  the 
chart  reports  showed  a  little  less  than  $4,200  collected  for  this 
interest.  No  one  was  especially  responsible.  Church  erection 
was  not  recognized  as  a  permanent  fixture  in  our  policy.  Those 
who  had  previously  stood  for  it  were  met  by  a  cold  indifference, 
and  their  appeals,  though  eloquent  and  fervid,  went  unheeded 
except  by  the  few.  Other  departments  so  monopolized  public 
attention  that  at  conferences  and  other  church  gatherings,  it 
was  difficult  to 'get  a  hearing  for  this  cause.  The  assessment 
for  it  was  insignificant,  some  of  the  conferences  making  it  only 
a  dollar  to  the  charge.  This  but  represented  the  estimate  in 

107 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

which  the  department  was  held.  But  at  last,  thank  God,  a 
change  of  heart  has  been  experienced  by  the  Church,  and  in 
the  regeneration  her  vision  has  been  so  quickened  and  broad 
ened  that  she  can  now  see  in  church  erection  something  worth 
loving  and  supporting. 

In  1897  the  chart  returns  were  $5,600;  in  1898,  $6,200;  in 
1899,  $6,800,  and  in  1900,  $7,971.46.  The  first  year  of  the  pres 
ent  quadrennium  they  were  $8,782,26 ;  second  year,  $9,316.02 ; 
third  year,  $10,367.92;  fourth  year,  $10,401.  Total,  $38,867.20. 
The  Board's  share  of  this  was  $19,433.60. 

Funds  secured  by  the  personal  efforts  of  Secretary  and  field 
agent  for  the  quadrennium  are  as  follows:  First  year,. 
$3,184.35 ;  second  year,  $6,937.77 ;  third  year,  $6,639.48 ;  fourth 
year  (including  $4,336.50  in  bequests),  $16,805.48.  Total,. 
$33,542.24.  This,  added  to  the  chart  collections,  gives  us  a 
grand  total  of  $53,000.68. 

But  much  more  has  been  done  by  way  of  increasing  the  as 
sets  of  the  Society.  Real  estate  has  been  secured  to  the  amount 
of  $28,500,  as  our  books  show  it,  but  in  fact  it  is  worth  very 
much  more.  These  properties  belong  to  the  Society  absolutely,, 
as  it  holds  warranty  deeds  for  them,  but  they  are  non-produc 
tive  for  the  present,  as  the  donors  retain  in  them  a  life  interest. 
The  parties  who  have  been  so  graciously  moved  to  give  us  their 
property  are,  with  one  exception,  far  advanced  in  life.  Now 
add  the  real  estate,  even  at  the  low  figure  we  have  quoted  it,  to 
the  cash  funds  of  the  Society,  and  it  makes  a  total  of  $137,- 
449.98,  a  gain  of  $70,941.64  for  the  quadrennial  term.  In  this 
connection  I  should  say  that  ere  long  a  neat  sum,  probably 
$20,000,  will  be  realized  from  the  notes  we  now  hold  in  favor 
of  the  society. 

LOANS  MADE. 

The  loans  granted  during  the  four  years  to  churches  and 
parsonages  may  be  summarized  thus :  First  year,  $15,025 ;  sec 
ond  year,  $16,178.12;  third  year,  $24,104.48;  and  for  the  fourth 
year,  $36,885.52.  Total,  $92,193.12.  This  is  $32,022.32  in  ex 
cess  of  the  previous  quadrennium.  At  this  time  we  have  loans 
altogether,  or  in  part  unpaid,  on  153  churches  and  parsonages. 
But  the  larger  our  funds  the  greater  and  more  urgent  the  de 
mands  made  upon  us.  The  calls  for  help  are  increasing  out  of 
all  proportion  to  the  income  of  the  Board.  Already  there  are 
applications  for  aid  on  hand  for  next  year  to  the  amount  of 
$15,000  or  more.  Only  a  part  of  these,  however,  have  been 

108 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

acted  upon.  Our  committee  felt  no  disposition  to  burden  the 
incoming  administration  with  unpaid  obligations.  Since  the 
last  General  Conference  we  have  given  help  to  119  churches 
and  parsonages.  From  the  beginning  470  have  been  aided.  A 
few  of  these  are  duplicates.  It  is  difficult  to  ascertain  the  ma 
terial  value  of  these  structures,  and  vastly  more  difficult  would 
it  be  to  reckon  their  moral  and  spiritual  worth  to  the  Church 
at  large. 

PARSONAGE  FUND. 

Thus  far  I  have  not  separated  the  church-erection  and  par 
sonage-erection  funds  in  the  totals  I  have  given,  as  both  are 
handled  by  the  same  Board  and  upon  the  same  principle.  This 
fund  was  inaugurated  in  1900,  Brother  John  Dodds  making 
the  first  donation  thereto  of  $1,000.  Later  he  added  $600  more. 
Brother  John  Hulitt,  an  honored  member  of  this  body,  followed 
Brother  Dodds  with  a  gift  of  $250.  Other  smaller  contribu 
tions  were  made,  enlarging  the  fund  to  $1,599.60  by  May  1, 
1901.  This  sum  has  been  increased  slowly,  yet  certainly,  until 
we  now  have  $5,911.59.  The  first  year  of  the  quadrennium  we 
raised  $766.60;  second  year,  $853.33;  third  year,  $1,574.06;  and 
the  fourth  year,  $1,118.  Total,  $4,311.99. 

I  am  confident  our  people  are  not  as  keenly  alive  to  the  im 
portance  of  this  department  as  they  ought  to  be.  No  pastoral 
charge  is  at  its  best  in  the  absence  of  a  manse.  Such  a  pro 
vision  not  only  secures  a  home  for  the  minister,  but  provides 
headquarters  for  the  congregation.  It  also  removes  the  ele 
ment  of  uncertainty  and  dread  which  so  many  preachers  ex 
perience  when  they  are  compelled  to  move  without  knowing 
where  they  are  to  go.  Further,  a  parsonage  for  every  charge 
would  insure  better  ministerial  support,  which  is  so  desirable 
in  many  portions  of  the  Church,  and  at  the  same  time  save  no 
little  missionary  money,  which  is  spent,  in  many  instances,  in 
providing  a  home  for  the  pastor's  family.  The  fact  that  over 
half  of  our  itinerants  are  homeless  should  itself  appeal  to  the 
more  thoughtful  of  the  Church,  and  lead  those  of  means  to 
contribute  largely  to  a  cause  so  worthy.  I  could  have  raised 
more  money  for  it  if  we  had  not  been  pressed  so  sorely  for 
church-erection  help,  but  it  was  unwise,  as  I  thought,  to  let  up 
in  our  appeals  for  the  latter  in  view  of  the  demands  made  upon 
us.  We  have  loaned  $6,550  to  24  parsonages  during  the  four 
years.  Total  loans  made  from  the  fund,  $7,900.  Total  number 
of  parsonages  aided,  29. 

109 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 
THE    OUTLOOK. 

The  church-erection  department  has  a  glorious  future  before 
it  if  wisely  managed.  The  interest  taken  in  it  to-day  is  much 
more  intense  and  wide-spread  than  ever  before.  It  is  being 
recognized  more  and  more  as  an  absolutely  essential  element  in 
aggressive,  successful  church  work.  Our  people  of  financial 
ability,  having  faith  in  its  policy,  are  already  looking  toward 
it  as  a  good  place  to  invest  their  money.  Quite  a  number 
within  the  last  few  years  have  willed  all  they  have,  or  expect  to 
have,  to  the  Society.  Some  of  these  have  made  the  General 
Secretary  their  executor,  placing  the  legal  papers  with  the 
Board  for  safe-keeping.  Thus  it  will  be  seen  that  ere  long 
large  sums  will  be  at  the  disposal  of  the  Board  for  its  work. 
Without  special  effort  on  the  part  of  any  one  there  will  come 
to  this  department  in  a  very  few  years,  through  the  collection 
of  notes  and  bequests,  and  the  sale  of  real  estate,  from  $75,000 
to  $100,000.  Thus,  you  see,  through  the  increase  of  funds, 
and  the  reemployment  of  those  funds,  multiplying  over  and 
over  again  their  power  for  good,  the  Church  will  be  able  to 
greatly  extend  her  work,  and  to  guarantee  that  permanency 
which  we  lack  in  so  many  of  our  fields. 

OTHER   WORK. 

In  addition  to  office  work,  which  is  constantly  growing,  the 
visiting  of  conferences,  the  collection  of  out-standing  loans, 
and  the  raising  of  new  funds,  I  secured  on  local  church  debts 
in  cash  and  subscription  $63,500.  I  also  visited,  as  time  and 
opportunity  permitted,  important  points  in  the  different  con 
ferences  where  the  building  of  new  churches  was  contem 
plated,  and  rendered  what  service  I  could  in  securing  the  right 
location  for  our  people. 

To  meet  even  in  a  limited  measure  the  demands  of  the  work 
required  travel  by  public  and  private  conveyance  to  the  extent 
of  91,344  miles.  I  am  glad  to  say,  however,  that  this  was  done 
at  a  comparatively  small  cost  to  the  Society.  During  the 
quadrennium  my  own  actual  expenses  were  only,  upon  an 
average,  $280.72  a  year.  This  low  figure  was  made  possible 
by  the  local  churches  I  visited  paying  my  expenses  in  part  or 
altogether. 

RECAPITULATION. 

Collected  on  loans  to  churches  and  parsonages.  ..  .   $53,810  29 
New  funds  collected  for  church  and  parsonage  erec 
tion   $53,000  68 

110 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Keal  estate  secured  by  deed $28,500  00 

Raised  in  cash  and  subscription  on  local  debts.  . . .  $63,500  00 

Loans  made  to  parsonages $6,550  00 

Loans  made  to  churches $92,193  12 

Number  of  churches  aided 95 

Number  of  parsonages  aided   24 

Number  of  churches  aided  from  the  beginning.  ..  .  441 

Number  of  parsonages  aided  from  the  beginning.  .  29 

Money  loaned  to  churches  from  the  beginning $291,750  00 

Money  loaned  to  parsonages  from  the  beginning.  .  $7,900  00 

Miles  traveled 91,344 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

I  make  the  following  recommendations : 

1.  That  a  Sabbath  be  designated  for  a  free-will  offering  to 
church  or  parsonage  erection,  the  Board  to  determine  which 
is  most  needy  at  the  time.     Special  days  have  been  set  apart 
for  other  general  departments  of  the  Church,  which  is  a  wise 
provision  looking  toward  their  support.     Can  we  not  give  the 
contributions  of  one  Sabbath  out  of  fifty-two  to  this  great  in 
terest?     I  can  think  of  no  day  more  appropriate  than  Easter 
Sunday.    I  do  not  suggest  that  the  appeal  be  made  to  the  Sun 
day  school,  Young  People's  Society,  Ladies'  Aid,  or  any  other 
organization,  but  to  the  regular  congregation  through  the  pas 
tor.     Such  a  plan,  I  am  sure,  would  not  interfere  with  any 
other  interest,  but  it  would!  prove  helpful  to  the  Church-Erec 
tion  Society,  not  only  by  adding  to  its  funds,  but  also  in  train 
ing  our  people  to  support  the  work. 

2.  I  think  it  advisable  to  put  restrictions  around  the  Board 
in  the  matter  of  granting  loans.     I  do  not  believe  the  Society 
should  place  money  on  any  church  costing  over  $10,000,  ex 
clusive  of  lot.     If  a  congregation  must  have  a  better  edifice 
than  this,  it  ought  to  carry  whatever  debt  it  incurs  without 
the  aid  of  church  erection.     I  am  frank  to  confess  that  the 
larger  and  more  expensive  churches  are  draining  our  treasury, 
and  your  Board  finds  itself  next  to  helpless  in  its  attempts  to 
remedy  the  difficulty.     Our  Methodist  Episcopal  friends  ex 
perienced   the   very  same   trouble.      Though   their   funds   for 
church-erection  purposes  aggregate  yearly  ten  times  as  much 
as  ours,  yet  they  were  compelled  to  seek  relief  through  special 
kgislation  at /the  hands  of  their  last  General  Conference.    The 
costly  churches  made  such  demands  upon  their  society,  backed 
by  conference  officials  and  bishops,  as  to  greatly  hinder  its 

111 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

work  in  aiding  the  poorer  and  more  needy  congregations.  As 
I  understand  it,  the  design  of  church  erection  is  to  assist  weak 
societies,  not  to  costly,  imposing  edifices,  but  to  comfort 
able,  respectable  places  of  worship.  Our  mission  fields  need 
and  deserve  special  attention.  With  these  things  in  view  the 
many  give  to  the  cause.  The  strength  of  our  appeal  for  money 
is  in  the  fact  that  it  is  to  help  the  poor.  This  is  the  one  feature 
of  it,  above  all  others,  that  strikes  our  people  and  stirs  their 
generous  nature.  But  let  it  be  understood  that  a  large  part  of 
this  money  we  raise  goes  into  costly  churches  and  you  will 
close  up  largely  the  source  of  revenue  to  this  cause.  I  would 
make  this  proviso,  however :  When  the  interests  of  a  confer 
ence,  or  of  the  Church  at  large,  make  it  necessary  to  build  an 
edifice  at  some  strategic  point  over-reaching  this  limit  in  cost, 
and  the  congregation  and  conference  are  not  able  to  furnish 
the  required  amount,  it  shall  be  the  prerogative  of  the  Board 
to  make  a  call  to  the  Church  at  large,  or  to  the  Church  in  a  cer 
tain  district,  for  special  contributions  to  aid  the  enterprise,  and 
such  funds  as  are  secured  by  this  appeal  shall  be  used  for  that 
purpose.  I  am  in  sympathy  with  the  whole  Church  and  with 
every  worthy  enterprise  it  undertakes,  but  unless  we  can  give 
more  aid  to  the  churches  in  our  weaker  conferences  and  mis 
sion  fields,  we  cannot  hope  to  make  the  progress  we  so  greatly 
desire.  In  some  way  we  must  bring  our  strong  conferences  in 
touch  with  the.  really  needy  portions  of  the  Church,  for  by  no 
other  method,  reason  as  you  may,  is  it  possible  to  build  up  and 
maintain  a  well-proportioned  and  strongly-developed  organiza 
tion.  No  greater  calamity  could  befall  our  Church-Erection 
Society  than  to  have  its  funds  diverted  from  newly-occupied 
fields,  where  growth  and  permanency  depend  so  largely  upon 
the  support  it  is  designed  to  give.  -My  great  anxiety  to  see  our 
home  mission  work  succeed  is  my  only  apology  for  speaking 
so  earnestly  on  this  point.  I  suggest,  however,  that  the  limit 
proposed,  if  adopted,  be  not  applied  to  applications  already  in 
the  hands  of  the  Secretary. 

FIELD  HELP. 

For  the  last  two  and  a  half  years  Rev.  S.  C.  Coblentz  has 
been  m  the  field  as  a  special  solicitor,  and  has  rendered  most 
excellent  service.  He  has  not  only  shown  himself  eminently 
adapted  to  money-getting,  but  has  proved  helpful  to  the  pas 
tors  and  churches  among  whom  he  has  gone. 

112 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 
LITERATURE. 

I  wish  in  this  public  manner  to  acknowledge  the  great  help 
the  Religious  Telescope  has  been  to  me  in  the  work  of  the  last 
four  years.  I  have  found  that  our  people  can  be  reached  more 
certainly  and  effectively  through  the  Church  organ  than  in  any 
other  way,  and  I  am  gratified  to  know  that  page  17,  so  kindly 
allotted  to  rny  department,  is  widely  read  each  week.  I  hope 
this  page  will  be  available  for  use  by  the  Secretary  during  the 
next  quadrennium.  It  is  but  just  to  say  that  the  Watchword 
has  also  been  of  service  in  bringing  to  the  attention  of  the 
young  people  the  needs  and  importance  of  church  erection,  and 
in  securing  their  cooperation. 

EXECUTIVE  COMMITTEE. 

My  report  to  you  would  be  incomplete  if  I  did  not  mention 
the  faithful  helpers  who,  with  myself,  constitute  the  executive 
committee  of  the  Society.  Early  in  the  quadrennium  it  was 
the  committee  of  the  Missionary  Society,  but  later  was  made 
up  of  Drs.  G.'P.  Macklin  and  H.  H.  Fout,  Editor  H.  F.  Shupe, 
and  Hon.  J.  C.  Myers.  When  I  think  of  the  time  they  gave  to 
the  work,  the  intelligent  interest  manifested  by  them  in  its 
every  phase,  the  many  words  of  encouragement  they  have  had 
for  me,  and  the  real  service  they  have  rendered  in  a  general 
way,  I  cannot  find  words  to  express  my  gratitude  and  feelings 
of  good  will.  God  knows  how  faithful,  and,  withal,  how  help 
ful  they  have  been,  and  will  richly  reward  them  for  what  they 
have  done. 

PERSONAL. 

Personally,  I  could  not  have  asked  better  treatment  than  my 
brethren  gave  me  when  I  went  among  them  in  the  interest  of 
the  Society.  Indeed,  the  consideration  accorded  me  was  much 
more  than  I  deserved.  During  the  four  years  I  have,  no  doubt, 
made  many  blunders,  but  in  spite  of  these  the  Church  has  been 
indulgent  and  shown  me  very  great  kindness.  Whatever  my  mis 
takes,  beloved,  I  have  tried  to  do  right,  seeking  only  to  honor 
Christ  in  the  upbuilding  of  his  church.  In  your  hours  of 
communion  with  God  I  trust  you  will  still  remember  me. 

W.  M.  WEEKLEY. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.     What  is  your  pleasure  regarding  this  re 
port? 

113 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

KEY.  D.  W.  SPRINKLE,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  I  move  it  be  re 
ferred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

Motion  seconded  by  Rev.  L.  W.  Stahl. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  All  in  favor  of  the  reference  will  raise  your 
hand.  All  opposed,  like  sign.  It  is  so  referred.  Will  it  now  please 
the  Conference  to  hear  the  report  .of  the  Publishing  Agent? 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Do  you  desire  the  report  to  be  distributed 
first? 

VOICE.    Have  four  men  distribute;  the  pages  are  too  small. 

DR.  FUNK.  Mr.  Chairman,  I  am  sorry  if  any  one  feels  badly  be 
cause  of  the  dear  little  boys  we  have  here.  They  were  selected  by  the 
committee,  and  I  am  sure  are  willing  to  give  the  best  service  they  can ; 
but  if  the  brethren  wish  me  to  select  some  one  else,  I  will  do  it. 

REV.  A.  R.  AYRES,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  Let  us  bear  with 
the  boys. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  boys  will  please  proceed  then.  I  be 
lieve,  however,  you  ought  to  have  four  persons  to  distribute. 

REV.  W.  O.  FRIES,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  I  suggest  that  two  be 
added  to  these,  having  four  instead  of  two. 

DR.  FUNK.    I  will  be  glad  to  furnish  these  at  the  next  session. 

DR.  II.  U.  ROOP.    May  we  not  have  a  rest  by  singing  a  song  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    What  is  the  pleasure  of  the  Conference? 

DR.  FUNK.    Sing  "America." 

Conference  arose  and  sang  with  a  vim. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  In  the  reading  of  this  report,  Brother 
Burkert,  of  Miami  Conference,  will  read  the  report  of  the  Board  of 
Trustees  of  the  Publishing  House. 

Rev.  C.  J.  Burkert  read  the  report  of  the  Trustees  of  the  Publish 
ing  House. 

REPORT  OF  THE  TRUSTEES  OF  THE   PUBLISHING   HOUSE. 

To  the  General  Conference  of  1905. 

The  Board  of  Trustees  of  the  Publishing  House,  in  accord 
with'  the  provisions  of  Discipline,  with  pleasure  presents  for 
your  consideration  its  report  for  the  quadrennium. 

The  Board  was  called  to  organize  for  the  quadrennium  May 
20,  1901,  in  Frederick  City,  Maryland.  C.  J.  Burkert  was 
elected  president  and  E.  R.  Smith  secretary.  The  Local  Com- 
mitte  for  the  time  was  made  to  consist  of  the  president  of  the 

114 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Board,  C.  J.  Burkert,  S.  E.  Kumler,  and  S.  D.  Faust.  At  this 
meeting  Rev.  H.  A.  Thompson,  D.  D.,  was  elected  to  help  in 
editing  the  Sunday-school  literature. 

At  a  called  session  of  the  Board,  held  in  Dayton,  Ohio,  May 
29,  1902,  Rev.  G.  M.  Mathews,  D.  D.,  having  been  elected  to 
the  bishopric  to  fill  the  vacancy  occasioned  by  the  death  of 
Bishop  J.  W.  Hott,  D.  D.,  resigned  his  position  as  associate 
editor  of  the  Religious  Telescope,  and  Rev.  J.  M.  Phillippi, 
D.  D.,  was  elected  to  fill  the  place  so  made  vacant. 

Within  the  term  of  four  years,  since  the  previous  General 
Conference,  the  manufacturing  building  was  remodeled  and  a 
fine  fourteen-story  office  building  was  built.  The  remodeling 
of  the  manufacturing  building  was  authorized  by  the  Board  at 
a  called  meeting,  held  in  Dayton,  Ohio,  December  29,  1902. 
The  work  was  completed  by  April  1,  1904.  An  extra  session 
of  the  Board  was  also  held  on  July  28,  1903.  At  this  meeting 
the  erection  of  the  new  office  building  was  authorized,  and  the 
plans  a.nd  specifications  presented  by  the  Agent  were  approved. 
This  building  was  practically  ready  for  occupancy  April  1, 
1905.  This  office  building  occupies  the  ground  lying  imme 
diately  upon  the  northeast  corner  of  Main  and  Fourth  streets, 
Dayton,  Ohio. 

On  account  of  these  building  projects  the  real  estate  has 
been  increased  in  valuation  from  $115,000,  in  1901,  to  $195,000 
in  1905.  Largely  owing  to  the  same  cause  the  gross  assets  of 
the  House  increased  during  the  quadrennium  from  $324,782.93 
to  $710,417.81.  The  indebtedness  of  the  House  at  the  present 
time  is  $307,441.98. 

The  annual  inventories  were  under  the  care  of  the  executive 
committee.  These  inventories  were  presented  to  the  Local 
Committee  by  the  Agent.  The  foremen  of  the  several  depart 
ments  of  the  House  were  also  called  upon  for  information,  each 
with  reference  to  his  own  department. 

Subsidies  to  the  German  literature  were  paid  as  ordered  by 
the  last  General  Conference. 

The  International  Bible  Agency  was  sold  to  Winston  &  Co. 
within  the  first  year  of  the  term.  The  former  partners  of  the 
agency  have  not  been  able  as  yet  to  bring  their  business  to  a 
final  close.  The  present  indications  suggest  an  early  final  ad 
justment  of  everything  in  connection  with  the  agency  as  re 
lated  to  the  House. 

At  the  recent  meeting  of  the  Board,  held  April  25,  1905,  it 

115 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

was  decided  to  close  the  local  book-store  and  to  maintain  a 
mail-order  department  to  serve  the  Church  at  large.  This  was 
done  in  view  of  the  fact  that  the  book  business  is  constantly 
gathering  about  itself  increasing  difficulties,  and,  further,  it 
was  thought  that  the  denomination  at  large  could  be  equally  as 
well  served  through  a  mail-order  department  whether  a  local 
book-store  were  maintained  or  not.  The  local  book  trade  has, 
upon  the  whole,  not  been  remunerative. 

The  marked  prosperity  of  the  former  quadrennium,  under 
the  blessing  of  the  Almighty,  has  been  continued  down  to  the 
present.  The  facilities  of  the  House  have  been  taxed  to  their 
utmost  in  meeting  the  requirements  of  its  constantly  increas 
ing  business.  Our  conviction  is  that  the  business  prosperity 
of  the  House  well  attests  the  wisdom  and  faithfulness  of  the 
Agent,  W.  R.  Funk,  in  the  administration  of  the  interests  com- 
mited  to  his  care  by  the  previous  General  Conference.  Be 
tween  him  and  the  Board  the  most  pleasant  relations  have 
existed.  Among  the  members  of  the  Board  itself  a  most  delight 
ful  spirit  of  fraternity  and  unanimity  has  always  been  mani 
fest.  No  important  action  of  the  quadrennium  has  lacked  a 
unanimous  vote. 

For  a  full  and  complete  statement  of  everything  pertaining 
to  the  business  of  the  term  we  respectfully  refer  you  to  the 
Agent's  report,  which  has  our  most  hearty  endorsement. 

The  Board  presents  the  following  recommendations : 

1.  That  the  General  Conference  elect  two  editors  of  Sun 
day-school  literature,  an  editor-in-chief  and  an  associate,  and 
that  these  editors  be  expected  to  furnish  all  the  matter  for  our 
Sunday-school  literature. 

2.  That  the  further  continuance  of  the  United  Brethren 
Eeview  be  carefully  considered  by  the  General  Conference,  and 
that  the  editorial  work  upon  it  be  determined  by  that  body. 

3.  That  the  book  committee  be  enlarged ;  that  it  be  com 
posed  of  the  editor-in-chief  of  the   Telescope,   editor   of  the 
Watchword,   editor-in-chief   of    Sunday-school   literature,    the 
professor  of  theology   in   Union   Biblical   Seminary,    and   the 
Publishing  Agent;  that  all  manuscripts  be  presented  to  the 
committee  through  the  Publishing  Agent  of  the  Church,  who 
shall  have  authority  to  call  said  committee. 

4.  That  the  Publishing  House  contribute  $500  per  year  dur 
ing  the  quadrennium  to  the  Ohio  German  Conference  to  assist 
them  in  the  publication  of  their  German  literature. 

116 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

5.  That  such  improvements  as  can  be  made  in  the  litera 
ture  of  the  Church  from  time  to  time  be  made  by  the  House, 
said  mechanical  improvements  to  be  determined  by  the  business 
management  of  the  institution. 

C.  J.  BURKERT,  President, 
E.  K.  SMITH,  Secretary, 
T.  J.  HARBAUGH, 

MATT  EDMONDS, 
GEORGE  MILLER, 

D.  W.  SPRINKLE, 
L.  W.  STAHL, 

S.   E.   KUMLER, 

S.  D.  FAUST,  Trustees. 

Dr.  Funk  then  read  his  report  as  Agent  of  the  Printing  Establish 
ment. 

REPORT   OF  THE   AGENT   OF   THE   PUBLISHING    HOUSE. 

To  the  Mergers  of  the  General  Conference  of  1905. 

BRETHREN  :  In  making  this,  my  second  report  as  Publishing 
Agent  of»the  denomination,  I  do  so  realizing  the  responsibility 
that  rests  upon  me,  and  with  a  firm  desire  to  place  the  facts 
and  figures  before  you  in  as  open  a  manner  as  is  possible. 

The  quadrennium  just  closed  has  been  one  of  earnest  toil  on 
the  part  of  all  connected  with  the  institution.  The  outcome 
has  been  quite  satisfactory  to  the  management,  and  I  trust 
may  prove  so  to  your  honorable  body,  although  it  is  but  just 
that  I  say  that  we  might  have  accomplished  more  if  we  had 
worked  harder  and  had  more  wisdom  in  judgment. 

I  submit  my  report  with  the  hope  that  you  may  find  some  de 
light  in  the  results  achieved.  Without  the  multiplication  of 
words  I  enter  the  statement  of  facts.  The  net  assets  of  the 
House  April  1,  1901,  were  $303,179.99.  On  April  1,  1905,  they 
were  $402,975.83,  a  gain  in  net  assets  of  $99,795.84.  The  gross 
assets  April  1,  1901,  were  $307,831.15,  while  April  1,  1905,  they 
were  $710,417.81,  a  gain  of  $402,580.66  This  condition  was 
brought  about  principally  by  the  erection  of  the  new  office 
building,  as  well  as  the  new  manufacturing  building,  both  of 
which  were  erected  during  this  quadrennium.  The  manufac 
turing  building  was  erected  at  a  cost  of  $75,000,  and  we  have 
already  paid  on  the  new  office  building  $290,700.  The  balance 
of  this  increase  in  the  gross  assets  of  the  institution  is  due  to 
the  purchase  of  machinery  and  equipment.  You  will  under- 

117 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Btand  that  the  cost  of  the  new  office  building  does  not  figure  in 
the  net  assets  of  the  House  at  all.  The  increase  in  the  net 
assets  of  $99,795.84  was  due  to  the  erection  of  the  manufactur 
ing  buildiing  and  additions  of  machinery  and  stock  to  the  in 
voice  of  the  different  departments,  the  greatest  increase  in  any 
one  department  being  in  that  of  power. 

NEW   OFFICE   BUILDING. 

In  this  connection  I  now  lay  before  the  General  Conference 
the  figures  in  connection  with  the  new  office  building  which 
has  been  erected  and  is  now  completed.  On  April  1,  1905,  at 
the  time  when  our  books  are  closed  for  the  year  and  for  the 
quadrennium,  the  building  was  incomplete.  Hence  1  cannot 
in  this  report  give  you  complete  figures,  as  my  statement  is 
based  on  conditions  as  they  obtained  at  the  above  date.  We 
had  paid  on  the  building  at  that  date  $290,700.  Of  course  this 
did  not  include  the  interest  on  money  which  we  were  compelled 
to  borrow  during  the  year  in  order  to  meet  our  monthly  esti 
mates  on  the  contract.  The  amount  I  have  specified  was  paid 
to  the  contractors,  architect,  and  for  superintendency,  etc.  I 
estimate  that  the  entire  cost  of  the  building  will  be  about 
$325,000.  It  may  be  a  few  thousand  dollars  more,  and  it  may 
not  quite  reach  that  figure.  I  shall  not  take  much  time  to  de 
scribe  this  building.  Many  of  you  have  inspected  it  on  your 
trip  to  this  session.  Allow  me  to  say  that  it  is  a  modern,  fire 
proof  structure,  fourteen  stories  high.  The  first  and  second 
stories  are  used  for  storerooms,  while  the  remaining  twelve 
stories  have  been  fitted  up  for  office  use,  there  being  a  total  of 
192  office  rooms  in  the  original  plan  of  the  building  on  these 
twelve  floors.  It  has  been  equipped1  with  all  modern  conven 
iences,  hot  and  cold  water  in  every  suite  of  offices,  safe  deposit 
vault,  with  electric  and  gas  fixtures,  telephone  and  telegraph 
service,  fire  hose-reel  on  every  floor  connected  with  the  city  fire 
department ;  in  fact,  everything  that  goes  to  make  up  a  modern 
building,  such  as  is  found  in  any  of  the  great  cities,  has  been 
applied  to  this  building.  The  location  of  the  building  makes 
it  a  property  with  a  future.  The  city  of  Dayton  is  constantly 
growing  in  population.  The  heart  of  the  city  will  always  be 
near  where  the  United  Brethren  Publishing  House  and  its  of 
fice  building  now  stand.  If  any  building  is  occupied,  certain 
ly  the  United  Brethren  Building  will  be.  I  grant  you  that  the 
undertaking  is  a  great  one,  and  came  about  not  through  frivo- 

118 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

lous  or  ill-advised  action  on  the  part  of  any  one.  I  hold  my 
self  responsible  for  the  presence  of  the  new  United  Brethren 
Building,  although  I  am  glad  to  say  to  this  General  Conference 
that  I  laid  before  the  annual  conferences  the  plan,  even  to  the 
estimating  of  the  cost  as  nearly  as  I  could, -and  received  the 
hearty  approval  and  cooperation  of  every  one;  and  the  Board 
of  Trustees,  whose  business  sagacity  and  wisdom  I  am  sure  you 
recognize,  have  gone  into  the  matter  in  detail  from  time  to 
time  and  passed  enthusiastically  upon  the  plans  as  finally 
agreed  upon.  No- great  undertaking  like  this  can  be  worked 
out  in  a  year  or  two,  but  must  have  time  in  order  to  bring 
about  the  desired  results.  I  am  not  unconscious  of  the  fact 
that  there  is  a  certain  amount  of  risk  either  to  the  individual 
or  to  the  corporation  that  undertakes  such  heavy  propositions, 
but  I  am  just  as  well  convinced  now  as  when  we  were  com 
pelled  on  account  of  the  offer  made  us  for  the  use  of  the  first 
and  second  floors  to  reach  a  conclusion  to  build,  that  the  en 
terprise  is  both  timely  and  on  the  strongest  possible  financial 
foundation,  and  because  of  this  I  have  unlimited  confidence 
in  the  final  outcome.  Of  course,  the  sooner  the  debt  is  paid 
the  quicker  the  Church  will  receive  returns  from  the  invest 
ment.  There  is  one  comfort  that  I  have  in  connection  with  my 
relation  to  this  institution,  both  in  the  publishing  department 
distinctively  and  the  office  building  project  as  well,  that  I 
have  not  covered  up  anything  in  connection  with  the  work  of 
the  House.  I  believe  that  most  of  you  have  read  the  statement 
of  the  plan  for  the  financing  of  this  enterprise  in  the  Telescope 
of  April,  1904,  in  which  was  outlined  the  method  and  plan  of 
carrying  forward  the  undertaking.  My  estimates  have  proved 
substantially  correct.  Only  one  thing  did  not  appear  in 
that  statement,  and  that  was  the  fee  of  the  architect.  Of 
course  we  all  knew  that  we  had  an  architect  and  that  we  must 
pay  him,  and,  in  view  of  what  he  has  done  for  us,  his  money 
has  been  well  earned.  Our  plan  of  financing  has  worked  out 
nicely.  I  have  sold  all  of  the  bonds  except  $20,000.  These  will 
_  not  be  sold  unless  the  necessities  require,  as  it  seems  clear  from 
present  indications  that  we  can  carry  the  indebtedness  and 
:avoid  the  selling  of  this  much  of  the  bond  issue.  In  all  such 
work  as  this  exigencies  will  arise.  One  has  come  up  in  this 
case  that  we  could  not  possibly  have  foreseen.  About  a  month 
or  six  weeks  after  we  contracted  with  Mr.  Cohen  for  the  first 
.and  second  floors  of  our  new  building,  which  carried  with  it 

119 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

the  erection  of  the  structure,  we  learned  that  a  large  addition 
was  to  be  made  to  one  of  the  best  office  buildings  in  the  city. 
This  affects  us  only  in  one  particular.  It  places  on  the  market 
at  about  one  and  the  same  time  over  three  hundred  new,  mod- 
ernly-equipped  offices  in  these  two  buildings.  Of  course,  our 
competitors  will  receive  their  share  of  patronage  for  office 
space.  It  will  extend  the  time  of  the  filling  up  of  our  building 
just  a  little  longer,  but  the  final  outcome  will  not  be  affected. 
We  could  have  had  our  building  completely  occupied  had  we 
been  willing  to  take  all  who  came  to  us  seeking  space,  but  we 
have  rigidly  adhered  to  two  principles — first,  desirable  ten 
ants,  and,  second,  as  long  a  lease  as  possible.  These  condi 
tions,  of  course,  will  bar  the  transient  tenant,  and  also  remove 
undesirable  people  from  the  occupancy  of  our  offices.  Our 
chief  competitor  in  the  office-building  matter  certainly  has  great 
faith  in  the  future  of  his  enterprise,  as  he  has  already  invested 
nearly  $1,000,000  in  his  building,  being  more  than  twice  as 
much  as  we  have  put  into  ours.  His  location  is  not  so  good, 
not  even  being  on  the  corner  of  a  street,  and  is  further,  away 
from  the  center  of  the  city,  so  that  we  fear  no  danger  as  to  the 
future. 

In  the  working  out  of  the  financial  plan  I  have  been  able  to 
sell  $226,500  of  the  bonds  up  to  the  date  of  April  1,  1905,  with 
out  any  cost  to  the  institution  for  the  sale  of  same.  I  have- 
had  no  difficulty  to  borrow  at  five  per  cent,  all  the  money  that 
we  will  need  above  the  sale  of  bonds  for  the  financing  of  the- 
enterprise.  The  only  thing  that  I  ask  of  this  General  Confer 
ence  for  this  department  of  work  is  that  it  be  carefully  pro 
tected  and  fostered  for  the  next  quadrennium  in  order  that  it 
may  be  placed  in  perfect  running  order,  and  then  the  results, 
I  am  sure,  will  be  perfectly  satisfactory  to  even  the  most 
doubtful  at  the  present  time.  The  real  estate  that  we  now 
hold  as  an  institution  is  valued,  including  what  has  already 
been  paid  on  the  new  office  building,  at  $485,700.  This  in 
cludes  the  manufacturing  building,  the  ground  under  the  new 
building,  and  the  payments  already  made  on  the  new  building 
itself.  It  is  our  purpose  to  keep  the  accounts  of  the  Publish 
ing  House  as  a  manufacturing  department  separate  from  that 
of  the  office  building  in  order  that  we  may  know  exactly  what 
these  two  different  lines  are  doing,  and  especially  that  we  may 
see  the  results  as  they  come  in  the  management  of  the  office 
building  itself.  I  would  have  you  remember  that  the  increase-. 

120 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

in  the  net  assets  is  due  entirely  to  the  work  that  has  been  ac 
complished  in  the  Publishing  House  proper  during  this  quad- 
renninum,  and  I  hope  it  is  inspiring  to  the  members  of  the 
conference. 

THE    PROFITS   OF    THE    HOUSE. 

The  profits  of  the  House  for  the  four  years  ending  April  1, 
1905,  were  $146,689.53.  We  paid  in  subsidies  and  dividends, 
1902,  $16,063.88;  in  1903,  $11,596.44;  in  1904,  $11,632.85;  in 
1905,  $7,600.52,  a  total  of  $46,893.69.  While  this  does  not 
come  up  to  the  request  made  by  the  General  Conference  at 
Frederick,  that  we  pay  the  Church  $50,000  during  this  quad- 
rennium,  I  am  sure,  in  view  of  what  we  have  done  in  the  re 
building  of  the  House,  that  we  have  accomplished  much  for 
the  denomination. 

I  would  have  you  consider  also  my  statement  in  connection 
with  our  periodical  literature,  as  we  have  spent  so  much  more 
money  on  our  periodicals  this  quadrennium  than  we  did  the 
preceding  one.  But,  with  all,  we  have  only  fallen  $3,206.31  be 
low  the  point  set  by  the  General  Conference  for  us  to  reach,  if 
possible.  It  is  a  difficult  thing  for  some  one  outside  of  the 
business  management  of  any  enterprise  to  estimate  just  what 
that  business  can  do  within  a  given  time.  Those  who  have  had 
any  experience  in  commercial  life  will  grant  me  this  statement 
as  being  a  veritable  fact. 

OUR    INDEBTEDNESS. 

You  will  see  by  examining  the  report  that  the  printing  es 
tablishment  owes  on  outstanding  account  $10,741.98,  and  has 
borrowed  money  April  1,  1905,  $5,500,  making  a  total  of  $16,- 
241.98.  The  new  office  building  account  has  borrowed  money, 
$64,700.  There  is  outstanding  April  1,  1905,  $226,500  of  bonds, 
making  a  total  indebtedness  on  the  office  building  at  the  above 
date  of  $291,200.  We  owe  on  the  contract  and  to  our  architect 
about  $34,000,  so  that  our  total  indebtedness  will  be  in  the 
neighborhood  of  $325,000  on  the  new  building  when  it  has 
been  completed  and  our  contracts  paid.  The  total  indebtedness 
of  the  entire  business  April  1,  1905,  was  $307,441.98.  Against 
this  could  be  placed  the  cash  on  hand  in  the  two  funds  amount 
ing  to  $5,264.35.  There  is  due  us  on  outstanding  accounts  at 
the  above  date  $46,261.41,  a  total  of  $51,525.76.  Allow  me  to 
assure  the  General  Conference  that  there  is  no  difficulty  on  the 
part  of  the  House  handling  these  finances.  It  was  in  the 

121 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

original  plan  as  submitted,  to  which  I  referred  above,  that  the 
Publishing  House  itself  should  take  the  remaining  amount  of 
the  indebtedness  incurred  above  the  sale  of  $250,000  of  bonds. 
It  is  my  hope  that  all  of  the  debt  above  the  bond  issue  can  be 
paid  by  the  House  during  the  coming  quadrennium.  It  is 
also  my  hope  that  the  building  itself  will  pay  off  the  first  and 
second  series  of  bonds,  which  amount  to  $47,000.  This  would 
reduce  the  indebtedness  to  considerably  below  $200,000  at  the 
end  of  the  coming  quadrennium.  This  is  what  I  believe  can 
be  done  and  ought  to  be  done,  but  to  gain  this  point  the  House 
must  not  be  expected  to  carry  any  other  burdens  aside  from 
this. 

THE  CASH  RECEIPTS  FOR  THE  FOUR  YEARS. 

On  examination  we  find  our  cash  receipts  for  the  four  years, 
not  including  the  new  building  account,  was  $1,066,382.86, 
while  for  the  preceding  quadrennium  they  were  $822,602.31,  a 
gain  of  $139,007:72.  This  gain  averages  $34,751.93  per  year  for 
the  term.  This  gain  has  been  very  encouraging  and  due  to  our 
increasing  business. 

MANUFACTORY. 

This  department  of  the  Publishing  House  has  undergone  a 
marvelous  change  since  the  last  meeting  of  this  body.  The 
press-room,  job-room,  linotype  department,  and  engraving  de 
partment  have  been  relocated  and  remodeled.  The  wisdom  of 
the  move  is  more  and  more  apparent,  as  our  work  has  been 
dispatched  and  results  are  more  satisfactory.  The  bindery  has 
been  enlarged  and  is  now  a  "model"  in  its  equipment,  and  its 
ability  to  turn  out  good  work  is  recognized.  The  foundry  has 
also  been  extended  and  strengthened,  and  is  to-day  one  of  the 
best  in  the  State.  The  work  done  by  our  departments  is  recog 
nized  as  standard  wherever  it  goes.  We  do  the  very  best 
printing,  electrotyping,  engraving,  and  binding.  Our  equip 
ment  is  kept  abreast  with  the  times.  New  machinery,  modern 
in  every  way,  has  been  installed  in  all  our  departments.  This 
gives  us  chance  for  increased  business. 

INTERNATIONAL  BIBLE  AGENCY. 

Since  the  last  General  Conference  we  have  disposed  of  the 
interest  of  the  Publishing  House  in  the  above  agency.  Indeed, 
all  the  partners  sold  their  interests  to  the  Winston  Company, 
of  Philadelphia.  The  final  accounting  of  the  closing  of  the 

122 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

partnership  has  not  been  made.  We  will  lose  the  original  cap 
ital  put  into  the  enterprise,  and  may  be  called  upon  to  meet  a 
still  further  loss  of  about  $3,000  or  more  in  the  final  settlement. 
By  the  nature  of  the  sale  it  will  require  five  years  to  deter 
mine  the  partnership.  Our  sale  was,  in  my  judgment,  a  fortu 
nate  termination  of  a  very  bad  business  undertaking. 

OUR   GERMAN    WORK. 

At  the  last  meeting  of  this  body  the  German  department  of 
the  Publishing  House  was  ordered  closed.  The  same  body  di 
rected  that  the  House  pay  a  subsidy  of  $1,000  for  the  first  year, 
and  $500  each  subsequent  year,  to  the  Ohio  German  Confer 
ence  to  assist  them  in  the  publication  of  their  literature.  This 
we  have  done,  and  the  arrangement  has  been  satisfactory  to  all 
concerned. 

CHURCH    LITIGATION. 

I  am  glad  to  report  that  the  litigation  arising  from  the  Radi 
cal  members  of  our  Church  withdrawing  from  us  and  forming 
a  new  church  has,  to  all  appearance,  come  to  an  end.  We  have 
not  paid  out  any  money  to  that  purpose  this  quadrennium.  It 
is  comforting  that,  in  all  the  many  decisions  made  by  local, 
State,  and  National  courts,  all' the  higher  courts  except  the 
Supreme  Court  of  Michigan  decided  in  our  favor.  Only  two 
of  the  lower  courts  gave  them  a  decision,  and  in  California 
they  were  reversed  by  the  Supreme  Court,  which  rendered  a 
very  sweeping  decision  in  our  favor  since  your  meeting  at 
Frederick. 

WHAT   IS  OWED   US. 

On  examination  of  the  accounts  of  the  House,  April  1,  1905, 
you  will  find  due  the  House  on  outstanding  accounts  $46,261.41. 
This,  compared  with  the  report  of  four  years  ago,  shows  a  no 
ticeable  increase,  as  there  was  due  the  House  April  1,  1901, 
$35,932.95,  a  difference  of  $10,328.46.  We  have  aimed  to  gather 
in  the  old  accounts  of  the  House,  and  in  the  main  have  been 
successful  in  accomplishing  this  work.  It  is  true  that  we  have 
some  outstanding  accounts  that  are  not  only  old,  but  are  com 
paratively  worthless,  but  they  have  not  been  counted  into  the 
above  item,  having  been  already  charged  to  profit  and  loss. 
Much  of  what  is  owed  us  are  accounts  against  pastors  who  have 
not  heeded  our  earnest  appeal,  and  when  referred  to  the  an 
nual  conferences  have  been  permitted  to  pass  without  any 
definite  action  on  the  part  of  the  conferences.  It  is  a  trying 

123 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

matter  to  deal  with  these  cases,  and  they  enter  into  the  very 
life  of  the  institution,  due  to  the  fact  that  much  of  this 
account  is  made  up  of  unpaid  subscriptions  to  the  Religious 
Telescope,  causing  that  periodical  to  suffer  because  these  ac 
counts  are  unpaid.  It  is  true,  also,  that  we  lose  some  com 
mercial  accounts,  but  we  have  been  very  fortunate  in  that  mat 
ter.  The  reason  for  this  enlarged  amount  of  outstanding  ac 
counts  due  us  is  because  of  the  increased  business  that  we  are 
doing.  We  give  three  months'  credit  in  a  commercial  way,  and 
a  year's  credit  to  our  pastors  and  Sunday  schools.  We  are  try 
ing  to  emphasize  with  all  of  our  people  the  wisdom  of  quar 
terly  settlements,  and  I  trust  that  this  General  Conference  may 
again  emphasize  that  poiilt,  as  it  means  much  to  the  House. 
If  we  can  have  our  money  every  quarter  we  can  accomplish 
much  more  in  a  year's  time.  While  it  is  true  that  we  have 
charged  a  number  of  old  accounts  to  profit  and  loss,  that  does 
not  mean  that  we  are  not  making  an  effort  to  collect  them. 
We  have  had  good  success  in  the  collection  of  profit  and  loss 
accounts,  and  the  policy  of  the  House  will  be  to  continue  this 
effort.  It  seems  to  me  that  if  the  General  Conference  could 
make  it  obligatory  upon  the  ministry  of  the  Church  to  settle 
their  accounts  annually  with  the  House  it  would  be  not  only 
a  good  thing  for  the  institution,  but  for  the  men  themselves. 
Many  of  them  take  subscriptions  for  the  Religious  Telescope, 
receive  the  money  from  the  subscribers,  send  in  the  subscrip 
tions  and  asked  that  they  be  charged,  and  then  use  the  money 
for  other  things.  This  in  itself  is  wrong  and  is  the  develop 
ment  of  wrong  business  principles.  Not  all  of  our  pastors  by 
any  means  do  this,  but  in  nearly  every  case  where  we  have  an 
old  account  this  fact  obtains.  I  think  the  General  Conference 
ought  to  know  this,  and,  in  view  of  its  importance,  act  ac 
cordingly. 

POWER   DEPARTMENT. 

During  this  quadrennium  we  have  found  it  an  absolute 
necessity,  on  account  of  the  erection  of  the  new  office  building, 
to ^increase  the  power  department,  so  we  have  expended  some 
thing  over  $9,000  for  new  boilers,  a  new  engine,  and  a  new 
electric  generator.  This  gives  us  an  equipment  of  two  elec 
tric  generators,  directly  connected  with  heavy  engines  that  will 
certainly  furnish  us  enough  power  to  run  our  plant  and  also 
provide  our  light. 

The  electric  wiring  in  our  new  buildings  was  done  accord- 

124 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

ing  to  the  latest  ideas  and  installed  according  to  the  regula 
tions  of  the  Board  of  Underwriters,  and  I  feel  certain  that  our 
chances  of  fire  have  been  accordingly  reduced  on  account  of  the 
care  with  which  this  installation  has  been  made. 

CHANGES  IN  THE  OFFICIALS  OF  THE  HOUSE. 

During  this  quadrennium  there  has  come  a  change  in  the 
personnel  of  the  editorial  force.  Rev.  G.  M.  Mathews,  D.  D., 
was  elected  at  the  Frederick  General  Conference  as  associate 
editor  of  the  Religious  Telescope,  and  was,  after  'the  death  of 
Bishop  J.  W.  Hott,  D.  D.,  selected  by  a  ballot  cast  by  the  mem 
bers  of  the  Frederick  General  Conference  as  his  successor  in  the 
office  of  bishop.  The  vacancy  caused  by  his  selection  for  this 
exalted  position  was  filled  by  appointment,  by  the  Board  of 
Trustees,  of  Rev.  J.  M.  Phillippi,  Ph.  D.,  who  has  filled  accept 
ably  the  position  for  the  remaining  part  of  the  quadrennium. 

NEW    MACHINERY. 

During  the  quadrennium  we  have  spent  for  new  machinery 
and  fixtures  throughout  the  plant  $31,722.24.  This,  added  to 
an  expenditure  of  over  $75,000  paid  out  in  the  remodeling  of 
our  manufacturing  building,  gives  us  a  total  for  improvements 
in  the  publishing  plant  proper  of  at  least  $106,722.24.  This 
does  not  include  the  electric  wiring  and  other  items  that  might 
be  considered  as  permanent  improvements  in  connection  with 
the  plant.  Hence  my  statement  is  made  without  definite 
figures.  Of  course,  it  must  be  remembered  that  we  owe  on  the 
remodeling  of  the  manufacturing  building  $5,500,  which  is 
found  in  our  "Bills  Payable"  in  the  financial  report  herewith 
submitted. 

OUR   PERIODICALS. 

In  making  comparison  for  our  literature  I  desire  to  do  so  in 
the  plainest  possible  manner,  so  that  every  member  of  this  body 
may  see  just  the  real  condition  of  our  periodicals.  The  circu 
lation  of  the  Religious  Telescope  on  April  1,  1901,  four  years 
ago,  was  20,700.  Its  circulation  April  1,  1905,  was  20,100,  a  de 
crease  of  600.  The  Watchword  circulation  April  1,  1901,  was 
20,500 ;  April  1,  1905,  34,500,  a  gain  of  14,000.  The  Children's 
Friend  had  an  average  circulation  April  1,  1901,  of  33,000.  Its 
circulation  April  1,  1905,  was  29,416,  a  loss  of  3,584.  Lessons 
for  the  Little  Ones  had  a  circulation  April  1,  1901,  of  48,750; 
April  1,  1905,  47,000,  a  -loss  of  1,750.  Our  Bible  Teacher  had 

125 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

a  circulation  April  1,  1901,  of  7,525;  April  1,  1905,  8,291,  a 
gain  of  766.  Our  Bible  Lesson  Quarterly  had  a  circulation 
April  1,  1901,  of  147,000;  April  1,  1905,  149,000,  a  gain  of 
2,000.  Intermediate  Quarterly  had  a  circulation  April  1, 
1901,  of  49,250;  April  1,  1905,  56,250,  a  gain  of  7,000.  The 
Home  Department  Quarterly  had  a  circulation  April  1,  1901, 
of  3,225 ;  April  1,  1905,  7,250,  a  gain  of  4,025.  German  Lesson 
Quarterly  had  a  circulation  April  1,  1901,  of  2,900;  April  1, 
1905,  2,650,  a  loss  of  250.  The  United  Brethren  Keview  had  a 
circulation  April  1,  1901,  of  1,000;  April  1,  1905,  1,050,  a  gain 
of  50.  Our  Bible  Lesson  Charts  had  a  circulation  April  1, 
1901,  of  847 ;  April  1,  1905,  of  825,  a  loss  of  22.  Bible  Pictures 
for  the  Little  Ones  had  a  circulation  April  1,  1901,  of  46,250; 
April  1,  1905,  44,341,  a  loss  of  1,909.  Weekly  Bible  Lesson  • 
Leaves,  April  1,  1905,  13,000  circulation.  This  is  all  gain. 
Quarterly  Bulletin  had  a  circulation  April  1,  1901,  of  2,000; 
April  1,  1905,  2,500,  a  gain  of  500. 

It  will  be  seen  that  I  have  left  out  the  Search  Light  and 
Woman's  Evangel  from  this  list,  in  view  of  the  fact  that  they 
are  not  publications  of  the  house  and  should  not  be  considered 
in  the  calculation  of  our  literature  in  its  losses  and  gains.  You 
will  see  by  this  that  the  Telescope  has  lost  600  during  the  quad- 
rennium,  due  to  one  thing  in  the  month  of  March,  1905 ;  name 
ly,  the  slowness  with  which  the  clubs  were  renewed  in  that 
month.  We  are  now  issuing  as  many  Telescopes  as  we  did 
four  years  ago.  There  is  a  certain  amount  of  fluctuation  in 
the  circulation  of  all  our  literature.  The  Watchword  shows  a 
gain  of  14,000  in  the  four  years,  with  every  promise  for  an  in 
creased  circulation.  The  Children's  Friend  shows  a  loss  of 
3,584.  This  decrease  has  been  almost  constant  for  many  years, 
but  we  are  glad  to  say  that  since  the  1st  of  January  the  Chil 
dren's  Friend  has  gone  up  until  now  it  has  a  circulation  above 
that  which  it  had  four  years  ago,  and  I  think  the  problem  of 
its  circulation  has  been  solved  by  its  improved  condition.  The 
Lessons  for  the  Little  Ones  show  a  loss  of  1,750,  due,  I  think, 
to  the  presence  of  the  picture  cards  and  the  Friend  for  Boys 
and  Girls,  although  this  small  number  in  such  a  circulation 
does  not  figure  much  in  the  standing  of  any  periodical.  When 
you  have  a  circulation  of  47,000  there  is  bound  to  be  a  certain 
amount  of  change  in  the  figures  from  quarter  to  quarter.  Our 
Bible  Teacher  has  gained  766  in  its  average  circulation  dur 
ing  the  term,  while  Our  Bible  Lesson  Quarterly  has  gone  up 

126 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

2,000  in  the  average  circulation.  The  Intermediate  Quarterly 
has  made  a  magnificent  gain  of  7,000,  the  Home  Department 
•Quarterly  following  close  upon  it  with  a  gain  of  4,025,  while 
the  German  Quarterly  has  lost  250.  The  United  Brethren  Re 
view  has  gained  50  on  the  circulation  accredited  to  it  four 
years  ago  by  the  board  that  had  its  publication  in  hand.  Our 
Bible  Lesson  Charts  have  lost  22,  while  the  Bible  Pictures  for 
the  Little  Ones  have  gone  down  1,909.  In  the  presence  of  all 
this  we  have  a  new  weekly  Bible  Lesson  Leaf,  with  an  average 
circulation  of  13,000.  All  of  this  is  gain.  The  Quarterly 
Bulletin  has  also  gained  500.  At  a  glance  you  will  see  that  the 
gains  vastly  predominate  the  losses.  The  total  circulation  of 
our  literature  in  1901,  including  the  Evangel  and  Search  Light, 
was  402,162,  as  against  424,382  in  1905,  a  gain  of  22,220.  If 
we  were  to  deduct  the  Search  Light  and  Woman's  Evangel 
from  both  of  these  figures,  the  gain  would  be  greater  for  our 
own  periodicals.  Our  own  publications  would  show  a  gain  over 
the  report  of  1901  of  24,111.  I  think  these  figures  speak  for 
themselves  and  show  a  very  decidedly  healthy  condition  of  our 
periodicals. 

THE    BOOK-STORE. 

The  following  is  my  report  to  the  Board  of  Trustees  at  their 
recent  session,  held  in  Dayton,  Ohio,  April  25,  1905 : 

"In  the  eight  years  that  I  have  been  connected  with  this  insti 
tution  I  have  studied  conditions  surrounding  our  retail  busi 
ness,  and  again  I  am  confronted  with  a  condition  that  I  am 
unable  to  solve.  The  question  in  the  case  is,  How  to  make  the 
retail  book  business  a  success  financially  ?  After  qight  years  of 
trial,  I  am  ready  to  say  to  the  Board  that  it  is  one  of  the  things 
that  I  cannot  do.  I  am  sorry  to  report  a  loss  in  the  book-store 
for  this  year  of  $772.60,  a  condition  that  I  have  tried  to  guard 
against  with  all  my  energy,  and  as  I  am  in  the  habit  of  telling 
you  just  what  the  conditions  are,  I  bring  this  report  of  the 
store  just  as  it  is.  Of  the  faithfulness  and  earnestness  of  the 
superintendent  and  his  coworkers  in  the  store  I  have  no  doubt, 
but  I  cannot,  solve  the  problem  of  handling  the  store  with  a 
view  to  profit  to  the  Church.  I  do  hereby  recommend  to  the 
Board  that  the  stock  of  the  store  be  reduced  as  rapidly  as 
possible,  even  at  a  loss,  and  that  instead  of  the  store  a  mail 
order  department  for  the  benefit  of  the  Church  be  maintained, 
and  the  local  retail  business  be  discontinued.  This  is  the  only 
solution  that  I  can  reach  after  eight  years  of  study.  If  the 

127 


TWENTY-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

Board  has  any  better  suggestion  or  recommendation  I  shall  be 
glad  to  act  upon  it." 

As  a  result  of  this  recommendation  the  following  resolution 
was  passed  by  the  Board;  the  same  will  be  found  in  Exhibit 
"H"  of  their  records.  Items  2,  3,  and  4  of  said  report  read  as 
follows:  "We  recommend  the  closing- of  the  local  book-store 
at  the  convenience  of  the  management.  We  recommend  the 
establishing  of  a  regular  mail-order  department.  The  Agent 
is  instructed  to  transfer  such  stock  and  fixtures  from  the  book 
store  to  the  mail-order  department  as  will  be  needed." 

We  have  already  begun  to  plan  to  carry  out  the  provisions 
of  these  resolutions.  This  does  not  mean  that  the  United 
Brethren  Publishing  House  will  not  be  in  a  position  to  furnish 
book  literature  to  our  Church  in  the  future  as  it  has  in  the 
past,  for  I  find  that  such  book  concerns  as  Revell  &  Co.,  the 
Methodist  Book  Concern,  New  York,  the  Presbyterian  Book 
Rooms,  Chicago,  and  others  have  already  changed  their  local 
book-stores  to  mail-order  departments.  The  management  is 
planning  for  a  large  mail-order  department,  to  be  located  on 
the  sixth  floor  adjoining  our  regular  periodical  mailing  de 
partment,  and  I  am  sure  that  in  the  very  near  future  we  will 
be  in  better  position  to  serve  the  Church  in  the  matter  of  book 
supplies  than  heretofore.  The  closing  out  of  our  retail  busi 
ness  in  general  books,  stationery,  etc.,  will  result  in  some  imme 
diate  loss  to  the  institution,  but  in  the  long  run  will  be  a  de 
cided  gain  and  permit  us  to  use  valuable  space  now  occupied 
by  the  store  in  a  more  profitable  manner. 

BOOKS   PUBLISHED. 

During  the  quadrennium  there  have  come  from  our  presses 
44  different  volumes,  making  almost  an  average  of  one  for  each 
and  every  month  during  the  quadrennium.  A  number  of  these 
volumes  are  especially  adapted  to  child  life.  We  are  seeking 
to  increase  our  list  of  books  along  that  line.  Two  very  im 
portant  series  were  issued,  known  as  "The  Doctrinal  Series," 
of  ten  volumes,  and  "The  Devotional  Series,"  also  Containing 
ten  volumes.  These  twenty  volumes  are  the  product  of  our 
own  people,  being  written  by  able  men  of  our  own  denomina 
tion.  Of  the  first  series  nearly  1,500  sets  were  sold.  "The  De 
votional  Series,"  which  came  from  our  presses  just  recently, 
has  had  only  a  moderate  sale.  Our  expectation  was  not  realized 
in  this  series  in  reference  to  the  sales.  The  books  are  above 

128 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

the  average  in  every  individual  case,  and  well  deserve  a  uni 
versal  reading  by  our  people.  I  wish  the  General  Conference 
could  inspire  our  Church  with  a  greater  desire  for  books  of 
this  nature.  Other  books,  such  as  "Apologetics,"  by  Bishop 
Kephart;  "Biography  of  Weaver,"  by  Thompson;  "Flight  of 
the  Hebrews,"  by  Wilson;  "Life  of  Bishop  Hott,"  by  Drury; 
"Criminal  Classes,"  by  Miller;  "Getting  and  Giving,"  by 
Weekley;  "Christian  Calendar,"  by  Keister;  and  "The  Re 
vival  Thermometer,"  by  Pearce,  are  all  worthy  books  and  de 
serve  at  the  hands  of  our  people  a  very  hearty  reception.  It 
has  been  the  purpose  of  the  management  to  increase  the  book 
publications  of  our  Church.  This  has  been  the  banner  quad- 
rennium  in  the  history  of  the  House  in  the  number  of  its  man 
uscripts  issued,  and  it  is  our  hope  that  the  General  Conference 
may  enable  the  House  to  continue  this  good  work. 

OUR  TOILERS. 

I  also  desire  to  restate  my  view  in  reference  to  our  inside 
working  force  in  the  language  of  my  last  annual  report : 

"There  has  been  perfect  peace  between  the  management  and 
its  employees.  The  conditions  surrounding  our  people  are  the 
very  best.  We  expect  our  people  to  be  true  men  and  women, 
and,  holding  themselves  up  to  a  high  degree  of  efficiency,  they 
command  the  respect  of  the  management.  Our  superinten 
dents  are  strong,  reliable,  and  trustworthy  men,  full  of  heart 
for  the  future  success  of  the  institution.  The  management 
does  little  discharging  of  help.  An  employee  in  the  "TJ.  B." 
lias  a  promise  of  a  long  term  of  service  if  he  is  but  faithful. 
We  think  this  is  the  best  for  the  employee  and  for  the  institu 
tion." 

•    LOCAL  COMMITTEE. 

I  quote  my  last  annual  report  verbatim  in  reference  to  these 
splendid  workers: 

"Again  I  want  to  bear  testimony  to  the  faithfulness  of  the 
Local  Committee,  composed  of  Rev.  C.  J.  Burkert,  Dr.  S.  D. 
Faust,  and  Mr.  S.  E.  Kumler.  They  have  been  untiring  in 
their  efforts  during  this  quadrennium,  faithful  in  every  parti 
cular,  and  ready  to  give  their  very  best  judgment  to  the  vast  in 
terests  that  are  committed  to  our  trust.  They  have  carefully 
gone  into  the  invoice,  having  every  superintendent  appear  be 
fore  them  and  questioning  them  in  reference  to  their  work  and 
to  the  invoice  as  it  was  submitted,  and  I  am  sure  that  their 

129 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

painstaking  and  thorough  investigation  has  been  a  joy  to  me. 
Our  discussions  have  been  earnest  and  thoughtful  as  to  the  fu 
ture  of  the  institution.  They  have  shared  with  me  many  of 
the  burdens  that  have  come  upon  me  during  this  quadrennium, 
and  the  Church  certainly  will  always  remember  them  as  having 
given  a  gratuitous  and  hearty  service  for  the  upbuilding  of  this 
department  of  our  general  work." 

BOARD  OF   TRUSTEES. 

It  is  with  delight  that  I  bear  testimony  to  the  faithfulness 
of  the  Board  of  Trustees,  whose  names  appear  signed  to  the 
report  made  to  this  General  Conference.  God  in  his  provi 
dence  has  spared  the  life  of  every  one  of  them.  Seven  of  the 
nine  are  members  of  this  body,  and  when  I  say  that  every  one 
of  these  nine  faithful  men  have  been  true  to  the  trust  imposed 
upon  them  during  this  historic  quadrennium,  I  am  stating  a 
simple,  plain  truth.  They  have  come  regularly  to  the  annual 
meetings,  and  have  left  their  own  work  and  have  come  at  my 
call  in  extraordinary  sessions.  They  have  been  pronounced  in 
their  inquiry,  examining  carefully  on  all  their  visits  to  the 
institution  to  see  whether  or  not  it  was  carefully  managed. 
Their  research  has  been  a  comfort  to  me,  and  I  am  sure  the 
Church  ought  to  be  glad  that  they  have  had  a  Board  so  willing 
to  devote  valuable  time  to  the  consideration  of  this  great  depart 
ment  of  church  work.  It  is  marvelous  that  our  sessions  have 
been  so  unanimous  that,  in  the  presence  of  the  great  undertak 
ing  that  has  been  in  process  of  evolution  during  this  quadren 
nium,  there  has  not  appeared  in  the  sessions  of  the  Board  any 
personality  or  unkindly  spirit  or  wrecking  criticism  that  would 
in  any  way  retard  the  progress  of  the  work.  On  the  other  hand, 
these  men  have  been  willing  to  put  themselves  back  of  this 
great  enterprise,  and  no  one  but  myself  can  feel  the  great 
valr  of  their  action  in  this  matter.  To  me  it  meant  every 
thing — their  sympathy,  their  willingness  to  stand  for  the  en 
terprise,  their  readiness  to  bear  criticism  if  criticism  was 
given,  their  whole-heartedness  in  the  support  they  have  ren 
dered.  May  God  richly  reward  them  for  their  faithfulness, 
and  may  the  Church  remember  them  as  having  rendered  an  in 
calculable  service. 

EDITORIAL  FORCE. 

It  has  been  my  joy  to  labor  with  the  editorial  workers  during 
this  quadrennium.  As  I  said  in  another  part  of  this  report, 

130 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

only  one  change  has  occurred1  during  this  time,  due  to  the  se 
lection  of  Dr.  Mathews  to  the  position  of  Bishop  of  the  Church. 
Our  relations  have  not  only  been  pleasant,  but  to  me  they  have 
been  very  helpful,  and  I  bear  testimony  in  unqualified  terms 
as  to  the  faithfulness  of  all  of  this  corps  of  Christian  workers. 
They  have  given  to  us  a  literature  that  in  character  is  above 
criticism,  and  their  faithfulness  to  me  in  the  management  of 
the  institution  has  been  of  untold  service. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

1.  I  recommend  that  two  editors,  an  editor-in-chief  with 
one  associate,  be  elected  to  edit  the  Sunday-school  literature, 
and  that  they  be  expected  to  furnish  all  matter  for  said  period 
icals. 

2.  That  the  General  Conference  give  consideration  to  the 
United  Brethren  Review  and  provide  for  its  editorial  work. 

3.  That  the  Book  Committee  be  composed  of  the  editor-in- 
chief  of  the   Telescope,   editor  of  the  Watchword,   editor-in- 
chief  of  the  Sunday-school  literature,  the  professor  of  theology 
in  Union  Biblical  Seminary,  and  the  Publishing  Agent.     The 
latter  shall  receive  all  manuscripts  and  shall  have  power  to  call 
the  committee. 

4.  The  periodical  literature  shall  be  improved  in  its  me 
chanical  make-up  from  time  to  time,  but  said  improvement  is 
to  be  determined  by  the  business  management. 

5.  That  the  gradation,  substantially,  of  our  Sunday-school 
helps  be  made  in  accord  with  the  recommendations  of  the  Sun 
day-School  Editorial  Association. 

6.  That  it  be  obligatory  upon  every  minister  of  the  Church 
to   settle  his  account  with  the  Publishing  House  before  the 
close  of  the  fiscal  year.    The  fiscal  year  closes  April  1. 

FINANCIAL   AND    STATISTICAL    STATEMENT. 

Assets. 

Real   estate    $195.000  00 

Book-Store 70.555  88 

Job  and  Press  Department 47,722  19 

Power  Department 19,674  04 

Mailing   Department   1.912  50 

Telescope   2.164  00 

Watchword 875  00 

Sunday-school  literature   3,992  55 

Bindery  Department   12.115  22 

Foundry  Department  5,746  77 

131 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

Engraving  Department   6,949  95 

Horse  and  wagon 140  00 

Stamps  on  hand   114  72 

Bills  receivable   168  58 

Office  Building   290,700  00 

United  Brethren  Review 50  00 

Assembly-room  and  office  fixtures   735  32 

Due  on  outstanding  accounts    46,261  41 

Cash  on  hand — United  Brethren  Printing  Establishment  4,628  28 

Cash  on  hand — Office  Building  636  07 

General  Conference  expense 274  73 


Gross  assets $710,417  81 

Liabilities. 

Bills  Payable. 
We  owe  borrowed  money — U.  B.  Printing 

Establishment $     5,500  00 

We  owe  other   houses  on   account — U.   B. 

Printing   Establishment    10,741  98 

U.  B.  Office  Building— Borrowed  money..       64,700  00 
U.  B.  Office  Building— Bonds  outstanding     226,500  00 


Total   indebtedness    $307.441  98 

Net  assets,  April  1,  1905 $402.975  83 

Net  assets,  April  1,  1904 : 371 .234  54 


Gain  in  net  assets,  April  1,  1905..  $  31,741  29 

Dividends  paid   to  conferences  during  the 

year   $  5,000  00 

Paid  to  Ohio  German  Conference 750  00 

Paid  to  subsidies  during  the  year 1,850  52 


$     7.600  52 

Profits  for  year  ending  April  1,  1905  $  39.341  81 

CASH  RECEIPTS  FROM  APRIL  1,  1904,  TO  APKIL  1,  1905. 

Cash  on  hand  April  1,  1904 $     3.143  62 

Religious  Telescope $     9.794  15 

Book-Store  sales    45,624  44 

Watchword   10,386  59 

Sunday-school  literature 31,389  76 

Job  Room   2,274  47 

Bindery   533  50 

Foundry    527  97 

Interest   105  24 

Advertising 8,052  81 

Engraving  Department 475  20 

Miscellaneous 44  34 

132 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IN   CHRIST 

Power    393  57 

United  Brethren  Review 84  70 

On  accounts 139,852  93 


Receipts,  from  year's  business   ....   $249,539  67 

Borrowed  money   44,100  00 

Funded  loans   700  00 

294,339  67 


CASH  ACCOUNT.  $297,483  29 

Comparative   statement   of   annual   receipts   and   expenditures   for 
quadrennium  ending  April   1,   1905. 

RECEIPTS. 

Cash  on  hand  April  1,   1901 $       1,972  83 

1901-1902,  from  regular  business $223,752  83 

1901-1902,  from  borrowed  money 16,200  00 

$  239,952  83 

1902-1903,  from  regular  business $237.614  01 

1902-1903,  from  borrowed  money    

$  237,614  01 

1903-1904,  from  regular  business $250.703  52 

1903-1904,  from   borrowed  money    41.800  00 

$  292,503  52 

1904-1905,  from  regular  business $249,539  67 

1904-1905,  from  borrowed  money    44,800  00 

$  294,339  67 


Total   cash   receipts  for  quadrennium    $1,066,382  86 

Deduct  borrowed  money  and  cash  on  hand 

April  1,  1901   104.772  83 


Receipts   from   regular   business    $  961.610  03 

1 897-1901,   receipts   from   regular  business  822,602  31 


Increase ,.  .  $  139,007  72 

EXPENDITURES. 

1901-1902,  current  business    $220,258  63 

1901-1902,  loans    16,200  00 

— $  236.458  63 

1902-1903,  current  business    $238,789  86 

1902-1903,  loans    

— $  238.789  86 

1903-1904.  current  business    $293,651  08 

1902-1903,  loans    

— $  293.651  08 

1904-1905,  current   business    $236.755  01 

1904-1905,  loans    56,100  00 

$  292,855  01 

Cash  on  hand  April  1,  1905 $       4,628  28 

Total  for  quadrennium   $1,066,382  86 

133 


TWENTY-FOUJKT1I    GENERAL    CONFERENCE  , 

Deduct    borrowed    money    paid,    and    cash 

April  1,  1905 ' $     76,92828 

Expenditures     regular     business     for     the 

quadrennium    $  989,454  58 

1897-1901,    Expenditures    regular    business 

for   the   quadrennium    781,274  49 

Increase    $  208,180  09 

CIRCULATION   OF   PERIODICALS. 

Rclifjious  Telescope 

April  1,  1901   20,700  April    1,  1904    21,300 

April  1,  1902   19,800  April    1,  1905    20.100 

April  1,  1903   20,500 

Watchword. 

April  1,  1901   20,500  April    1,  1904    31.500 

April  1.  1902   25,500  April    1,  1905    34,500 

April  1,  1903   30,000 

The  Friend  for  Boys  and  Girls 

1901-1902,  average 33,250  1903-1904,  average 30,660 

1902-1903,  average 31,750  1904-1905,  average 29,416 

Our  Bible  Teacher. 

1901-1902,  average 7,941  1903-1904,  average 7,950 

1902-1903,  average 8,058  1904-1905,  average 8,291 

Our  Bible  Lesson  Quarterly. 

1901-1902,  average 149.100  1903-1904,  average 143,750 

1902-1903,  average 148,750  1904-1 905,  average 149,000 

Our  Intermediate  Lesson  Quarterly. 

1901-1902.  average 50.250  1903-1904,  average 54,250 

1902-1903,  average 53,750  1904-1905.  average 56,250 

Our  Weekly  Lesson  Leaves. 

1901-1902,  average 5,000  1903-1904.  average 11,500 

1902-1903.  average 8,500  1904-1905,  average 13,000 

Lessons  for  the  Little  Ones. 

1901-1902.  average 48,500  1903-1904,  average 46,833 

1902-1903,  average 47,583  1904-1905,  average 47,000 

Our  Bible  Lesson  Picture  Charts. 

1901-1902,  average 746  1903-1904.  average 805 

1902-1903,  average 768  1904-1905,  average 835 

Bible  Picture  Cards  for  Our  Little  Ones. 

1901-1902,  average 42,000  1903-1904,  average.  .      .  .44.007 

1902-1903,  average 43,250  1904-1905,  average 44.341 

134 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Our  German  Sunday-School  Lesson  Quarterly. 

1901-1902,  average 2.800  1903-1904,  average 2,600 

1902-1903.  average 2,700  1904-1905,  average 2,650 

Home  Department  Bible  Lesson  Quarterly. 

1901-1902,  average 3,275  1903-1904,  average 5,750 

1902-1903,  average 4,875  1904-1905,  average 7,350 

Woman's  Evangel. 

1901-1902,  average 4,850  1903-1904,  average 4.600 

1902-1903,  average 4.600  1904-1905,  average 5.209 

Search  Light. 

1901-1902,  average 5,250  1903-1904,  average 5,000 

1902-1903,  average 5,000  1904-1905,  average 3.000 

Quarterly  Bulletin. 

1901-1902,  average 3,000  1903-1904,  average 3,000 

1902-1903.  average 3,000  1904-1905,  average 3,000 

The  United  Brethren  Review. 

1901-1902.  average 1.000  1903-1904,  average 1,050 

1902-1903,  average 1,050  1904-1905,  average 1,050 

Respectfully  submitted, 

W.  R.  FUNK, 

Publishing  Agent. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  these  reports.  What  will 
you  do  with  them? 

GEORGE  A.  WOLFE,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  move  that  the 
reports  be  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

Said  motion  was  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  the  motion.  All  in  favor 
of  its  reference  will  raise  the  hand.  All  opposed,  like  sign.  It  is  so 
referred. 

REV.  W.  0.  SIFFERT,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  I  move  that  we  do 
now  adjourn.  Said  motion  was  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Are  there  any  announcements  to  be  made? 

Chairmen  of  various  committees  announced  place  and  time  of  meet 
ing  of  their  respective  committees. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  take  pleasure  in  introducing  to  the  Con 
ference  the  president  of  the  Washburn  University,  a  school  of  the  Con 
gregational  Church,  who  has  a  word  which  he  wishes  to  say  to  you,  Dr. 
Norman  Plass. 

135 


TWENTY-FOUBTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

DR.  PLASS.  I  want  to  take  just  a  moment  of  your  time  to  let  you 
know  that  the  Congregational  College  of  Kansas  is  located  in  Topeka, 
and  that  we  would  be  more  than  glad  to  welcome  you  between  ses 
sions  to  our  hearts  and  to  our  buildings.  Now  that  you  are  flirting 
with  us  Congregationalists,  come  out  and  flirt  with  us  at  the  college. 
However,  the  Frenchman  said  that  that  word  "flirting"  had  puzzled 
him,  but  he  finally  said  that  it  meant  attention  without  intention. 
I  hope  that  is  not  true  in  this  case.  We  have  five  buildings,  a  faculty 
of  one  hundred  members,  seven  hundred  students,  and  we  would  be 
more  than  glad  to  welcome  the  delegates  on  our  grounds.  I  desire 
to  say  that  Washburn  is  an  interdenominational  college,  in  spite  of 
the  fact  that  it  was  founded  by  the  Congregationalists.  We  are  work 
ing  along  interdenominational  lines,  and  are  trying  to  further  the 
work  along,  when  we  will  all  be  United  Brethren  in  Christ. 

EEV.  E.  E.  BABER,  of  Northwest  Kansas  Conference.  The  Devo 
tional  Committee  will  report  through  its  secretary. 

EEV.  S.  W.  PAUL,  of  East  Tennessee  Conference.  Eev.  P.  M.  Camp, 
of  Miami  Conference,  will  conduct  the  devotional  services  this  after 
noon.  The  committee  was  not  informed  that  the  fraternal  delegates 
were  not  on  the  ground,  or  provision  would  have  been  made  for  the 
service  this  evening. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  time  of  adjournment  is  past.  Are  you 
ready  to  vote  on  the  adjournment?  All  favoring  will  raise  their 
hands.  All  opposed,  like  sign.  •  Brother  Dickson,  will  you  please  pro 
nounce  the  benediction  ? 

Eev.  W.  A.  Dickson,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference,  pronounced  the 
benediction,  and  Conference  adjourned  until  2 :  00  P.  M. 


SECOND  DAY— AFTEENOON  SESSION. 

FRIDAY,  May  12,  1905. 

Bishop  Mills  called  the  Conference  to  order. 

Eev.  A.  E.  Ayers,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference,  led  the  singing,  and 
Eev.  E.  E.  Williams,  of  Iowa,  conducted  the  devotional  services. 
"Wonderful  love  of  Jesus"  and  "No,  Not  One"  were  sung.  Eev.  Mr. 
Williams  read  the  third  chapter  of  Colossians,  also  the  First  Psalm, 
following  which  Eev.  S.  W.  Keister,  of  Allegheny  Conference,  led  in 

136 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN   CHRIST 

prayer.  The  devotional  services  closed  with  hymn  No.  76,  "When  I 
Get  Home." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Conference  is  now  in  session  and  is  ready 
for  business.  Is  there  any  miscellaneous  business  you  would  like  to 
call  at  this  moment  ? 

DR.  WILLIAM  McKEE,  of  Miami  Conference.  The  Entertainment 
Committee  wish  me  to  make  a  statement  to  you.  I  am  sure  you  are 
all  interested  in  it ;  I  hope  you  will  listen.  They  desire  to  know  what 
each  one  of  your  expenses  to  this  Conference  is  or  will  be — what  you 
paid  for  railroad  expenses  and  what  you  pay  for  boarding  and  lodg 
ing,  nothing  more,  nothing  less.  .Sign  your  name  and  give  your  home 
address — your  conference  and  your  home  address.  They  want  to  find 
out  just  how  much  money  they  have,  and  how  much  more  is  needed. 
As  I  have  stated,  your  expenses  here  and  your  boarding  expenses.  That 
is  sufficient,  I  think. 

DR.  FUNK.  May  I  ask  this  question  in  connection  with  this  subject, 
as  it  is  one  of  very  vital  interest,  and  you  know  how  many  tangles  we 
got  into  four  years  ago  over  this  question.  Why  cannot  this  cost  be 
submitted  by  delegations?  the  chairman  of  each  delegation  to  submit 
for  the  delegation,  and  thus  help  the  committee.  The  committee  re 
ferred  to  by  Doctor  McKee  is  the  Committee  on  Expenses  and  not  the 
Entertainment  Committee. 

DR.  McKEE.    Both,  as  I  understand. 

DR.  FUNK.  Of  course  it  is  understood,  Mr.  Chairman,  that  the  ex 
pense  calculated  covers  the  meals  coming  and  going  as  well.  Dr. 
McKee  did  not  refer  to  that. 

DR.  McKEE.    I  supposed  every  one  understood  that. 

KEV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  supposed  it  meant 
what  the  cost  of  our  board  was  while  we  were  here.  I  have  not  asked 
our  landlord  for  it.  I  can  easily  tell  what  my  car  fare  is.  I  got  meals 
on  the  way  coming,  and  I  know  that  amount. 

DR.  McKEE.  Allow  me  to  extend  my  speech  a  little  further.  I 
supposed  everybody  understood  when  I  said  the  expense  as  real  ex 
pense,  and  eating,  as  Bishop  Markwood  used  to  say,  going  and  com 
ing,  and  the  cost  of  entertainment  while  here. 

A.  H.  LAUGHBAUM,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  If  I  understand  it, 
there  is  but  fifty  events  a  day  allowed  for  boarding.  Now  how  is  it  if 
we  are  paying  a  dollar  a  day  ? 

137 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Who  is  the  authority  for  answering? 

DR.  FUNK.  That  is  correct.  Only  fifty  cents  per  day  is  allowed  for 
board. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  one  in  authority  says  Brother  Laugh- 
baum  is  right,  and  if  your  expenses  are  more  than  that  sum,  you  pay 
it  yourself. 

REV.  R.  J.  WHITE,  of  Erie  Conference.  I  would  like  to  inquire  if 
traveling  expenses  include  any  special  expense  for  parlor  or  sleeping 
cars. 

DR.  FUNK.    No. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  one  having  planned  the  matter  says  no. 

DR.  McKEE.  Allow  me  to  say  that  I  suppose  this  Conference  has 
some  authority.  Your  committee  will  make  a  report  in  reasonable 
time  if  you  send  in  your  bills  as  requested,  and  if  you  see  they  are  go 
ing  to  do  anything  wrong,  too  much  or  too  little,  then  you  can  do 
otherwise. 

REV.  J.  B.  CO-NNETT,  of  Lower  Wabash  Conference.  How  can  we 
tell  how  much  our  board  is  going  to  be  when  we  don't  know  how  long 
we  are  going  to  be  here. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  so  much  a  day.  Count  the  number  of 
days. 

DR.  McKEE.  In  this  connection  allow  me  to  say,  Mr.  Chairman, 
that  a  number  of  members  have  brought  items  of  General  Conference 
expense  money,  collected  upon  their  fields  of  labor,  that  were  not 
reported  until  they  reached  here.  If  there  are  any  other  such  items, 
we  would  be  glad  to  get  them. 

DR.  H.  U.  ROOP,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  move  that 
the  chairman  of  each  delegation  be  given  the  expense  of  each  dele 
gate,  and  that  he  hand  it  over  to  this  committee  according  to  Dr. 
Funk's  suggestion. 

The  motion  was  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is  now  before  you  that  the 
chairman  of  each  delegation  receive  from  his  delegation  the  items  of 
expense  and  pass  it  to  this  committee. 

REV.  W.  H.  WRIGHT,  of  Southeast  Ohio  Conference.  I  do  not  see 
how  we  are  going  to  get  at  this,  if  some  of  the  delegates  had  procured 
sleepers  beforehand,  and  others  did  not.  Do  you  mean  that  they  must 
include  in  this  expense  the  cost  of  a  sleeper?  I  do  not  think  it  ought 
to  be  included- 

138 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Luxuries  are  said  not  to  be  included  in 
this. 

DR.  FUNK.  I  call  the  attention  of  the  Conference  to  the  action  at 
Frederick  four  years  ago  on  this  very  subject.  It  is  found  on  page 
410  of  the  General  Conference  proceedings,  by  which  this  assessment 
for  the  expenses  of  this  Conference  was  made.  That  is  all  the  author 
ity  there  is,  as  far  as  the  apportionment  oT  expense  to  the  conferences 
is  concerned.  You  will  remember  at  that  session  there  was  no  thought 
on  the  part  of  the  General  Conference  to  pay  for  the  sleeping-car 
berths,  and  I  do  not  suppose  there  is  now. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  before  us  is  that  the  chairman 
of  each  delegation  receive  from  each  member  of  his  delegation  his  ex 
penses,  and  pass  the  amount  to  this  committee.  Are  you  ready  to 
vote? 

REV.  H.  H.  FLORY,  of  Michigan  Conference.  I  raise  the  question 
whether  it  is  possible  for  the  chairman  of  the  delegation  to  determine 
the  expense  until  we  know  whether  these  railroad  certificates  will  be 
honored.  It  was  the  understanding  that  there  should  be  one  hundred 
certificates  before  they  would  be  honored  by  the  railroad  company. 

DR.  GEORGE  MILLER,  of  Des  Moines  Conference.  I  can  relieve  the 
situation.  They  will  all  be  honored. 

REV.  J.  T.  ROBERTS,  of  White  River  Conference.  I  think  we  ought 
to  have  a  correct  idea  of  what  the  expense  should  be.  Heretofore  we 
simply  arranged  for  the  expense  of  car  fare  and  eating,  going  and  com 
ing,  and  I  move  that  this  be  a  part  of  the  expenses  arranged  for  now. 
We  can  give  this  at  this  time,  but  the  other  we  cannot  give. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is  to  include  at  the  present  the 
car  fare  and  the  cost  of  eating  coming  and  going. 

REV.  W.  F.  GRUVER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  As  I  understand  it, 
we  are  allowed  fifty  cents  a  day  for  board  while  we  are  here.  This 
committee  can  pass  upon  that. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  If  you  will  pass  Brother  Roberts'  resolution, 
you  can  figure  it  up. 

E.  S.  NEUDING,  of  Southeast  Ohio  Conference.  It  seems  to  me  that 
it  is  unnecessary  to  make  two  reports.  We  can  make  a  report  now  of 
fifty  cents  a  day  for  board,  and  the  committee  can  determine  the  num 
ber  of  days  when  the  time  comes  to  pay.  I  do  not  think  it  necessary  to 
make  two  reports. 

139 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  committee  will  know  it  is  fifty  cents 
a  day,  whether  you  report  or  not,  and  they  will  calculate  on  this  basis. 

KEV.  L.  W.  STAHL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  think  the  proper 
thing  is  to  refer  it  to  the  committee  and  give  them  the  information 
they  desire.  I  believe  the  committee  appointed  to  attend  to  this  mat 
ter  is  competent.  I  do  not  believe  we  ought  to  tie  them  with  a  lot  of 
instructions.  Give  them  all  the  information  we  can  and  all  the  items. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  you  ready  to  vote  that  you  include  in 
the  expenses  simply  the  car  fare  coming  and  going,  and  your  meals 
while  traveling  ? 

PROF.  MARK  KEPPEL,  of  California  Conference.  Are  we  to  under 
stand,  then,  that  the  charge  for  the  berth  is  not  to  be  included  as  a 
part  of  the  expense  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Dr.  Funk,  who  has  been  managing  the  Con 
ference  expenses,  says  the  last  General  Conference  so  ordered.  You 
can  amend  this  when  the  report  is  brought  in,  and  get  the  sleeper  in 
cluded  if  this  Conference  agrees  to  it,  but  at  the  present  time  there  is 
no  such  agreement. 

PROFESSOR  KEPPEL.  It  may  be  that  United  Brethren  ministers  and 
delegates  are  not  expected  to  use  sleepers,  but  I  believe  that  a  sleeping- 
car  is  just  as  much  a  part  of  the  necessary  traveling  expenses  as  is 
something  to  eat  or  something  to  drink,  or  a  place  to  wash  your  face 
or  comb  your  hair.  It  seems  to  me  that  it  would  be  a  very  cheap 
policy  for  this  Conference  to  perpetuate,  to  decide  that  the  sleeping- 
car  accommodations  should  not  be  included.  Now  Dr.  Funk,  who  has 
given  us  this  advice,  wrote  to  California  and  said,  "Get  the  cheapest 
rates  you  can."  Of  course  we  could  have  got  the  highest  rates,  which 
would  have  exceeded  the  cost  of  sleeping  car,  and  the  Conference 
would  have  been  expected  to  stand  by  us.  We  have  tried  to  economize 
and  to  do  the  right  part  by  the  Conference.  We  expect  the  Confer 
ence  likewise  to  do  what  is  right  by  us.  I  do  not  think  any  member 
of  this  Conference  should  be  expected  to  ride  all  night  and  sit  up,  not 
for  one  night,  but  three,  four,  or  six  nights.  We  might  as  well  get  to 
the  point  where  we  will  agree  to  the  use  of  sleeping  cars,  just  the 
same  as  the  patronizing  of  the  barber  is  part  of  the  things  that  should 
characterize  United  Brethren  people  here  on  this  earth.  There  was 
a  time  when  it  was  not  fashionable  to  patronize  the  barber.  We  are 
past  that.  We  should  not  pass  the  time  when  we  should  patronize^the 

140 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

sleeping  cars.  We  should  go  slow  in  making  a  ruling  that  this  should 
not  be  included.  As  far  as  I  am  concerned,  I  feel  able  to  pay  all  of 
my  expenses,  but  if  the  Church  is  going  to  pay  my  expenses  it  should 
pay  everything  that  is  legitimate  and  right,  and  the  sleeping  car  is 
just  as  legitimate  as  riding  in  a  regular  car. 

REV.  A.  C.  WILMORE,  of  White  River  Conference.  I  am  opposed  to 
paying  any  sleeping-car  expense;  that  is,  for  berths.  I  think  that  is 
an  extra  expense.  We  can  get  to  the  Conference  without  it,  and  many 
of  us  have  come  without  it.  I  am  decidedly  opposed  to  it.  Besides, 
if  you  want  to  get  tuberculosis  or  some  other  disease,  that  is  the  way 
to  get  it.  The  best  way  is  to  stay  out  of  those  berths  in  a  seat,  or  in 
a  chair-car,  and  come  in  the  good  old-fashioned  way. 

REV.  I.  W.  BEARSS,  of  Georgia  Conference.  I  attended  the  confer 
ence  in  Tampa,  Florida,  and  spent  two  nights  on  the  train,  and  I  did 
not  take  a  sleeper.  I  thought  it  was  really  an  unnecessary  expense. 
More  than  that,  my  wife  with  with  me,  and  she  is  a  better-looking 
woman  than  any  here — unless  it  is  some  other  man's  wife.  We  got 
along  very  well  without  taking  a  sleeping  car,  and  we  are'feeling  real 
good  yet.  I  have  always  been  inclined  to  do  this  way.  When  I  am 
working  for  the  Church,  and  the  Church  is  supporting  me,  I  make  as 
little  expense  as  possible.  When  it  is  necessary  that  I  want  something 
a  little  extra,  Bearss  pays  it,  and  so,  I  think,  to  do. justice  all  around, 
while  one  individual  or  two  or  three  delegates  will  thus  discommode 
themselves,  and  save  money,  it  would  be  proper  and  right  that 
the  expense  be  counted  on  that  basis,  and  the  extra  for  sleeping  car 
be  paid  for  by  the  user.  I  am  not  going  to  contend  for  that.  Of 
course,  we  expect  people  who  live  in  the  South,  getting  the  sea  breezes, 
to  be  a  little  hardy  and  more  able  to  stand  inconveniences  than  those 
who  live  in  the  North. 

VOICES.     Question,  question. 

W.  A.  LUTZ,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  want  to  say  in  regard 
to  this  matter  of  expense,  including  sleeping-car  berths,  that  a  busi 
ness  house  with  a  man  to  travel  on  the  road,  expects  that  man  to  take 
care  of  his  health.  Now  should  these  delegates  from  California  ride 
in  an  open  car  for  two  or  three  nights  ?  Should  we  ask  the  brethren 
from  Ontario,  from  the  far  East,  to  come  here  and  be  unfit  to  do  busi 
ness?  No  business  house  would  think  that  a  good  policy.  I  see  no 
reason  why  sleeping-car  expenses  should  not  be  included. 

141 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

REV.  J.  D.  WYANDT,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  The  whole  matter 
seems  to  resolve  itself  into  this,  that  if  somebody  gets  expense  of  sleep 
ing  car,  everybody  ought  to  get  it.  I  think  that  is  what  we  under 
stand,  and  when  we  list  our  expenses  and  items,  everybody  is  expected 
and  permitted  to  count  such  expense.  I  think  we  should  understand 
that  before  we  vote. 

DR.  FUNK.    What  is  the  question,  Mr.  Chairman  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  question  before  us  is  this:  If  in  re 
porting  your  expenses  you  count  simply  your  car  fare,  coming  and 
going,  and  what  it  cost  you  to  eat  while  coming  and  going.  That  is 
the  amendment  to  the  motion. 

PROFESSOR  KEPPEL.  I  move  to  amend  that  the  car  fare,  cost  of 
berth,  and  the  actual  living  expenses  shall  be  counted. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    You  have  heard  the  amendment. 

REV.  F.  P.  ROSSELOT,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  I  simply  want  to 
raise  the  question  whether  this  amendment  is  in  order  or  not.  Are 
we  not  acting  under  the  order  of  the  last  General  Conference  in  this 
matter?  Have  we  not  been  instructed  previously  by  the  Publishing 
Agent,  and  also  in  the  Telescope,  just  what  was  expected?  While  I 
am  in  sympathy  with  this  paying  for  the  car  berth,  I  don't  see  that  it 
is  in  order.  You  might  do  it  for  the  next  General  Conference,  but  we 
are  acting  now  under  the  regulations  of  the  last  General  Conference, 
and  I  raise  the  question  whether  this  motion  is  in  order. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    It  is  in  order. 

DR.  FUNK.  I  do  not  rise  especially  to  discuss  the  amendment,  only 
to  say  this.  The  calculation  of  expense  was  made  without  the  cost  of 
sleeping-car  berths,  and  if  I  understand  the  situation,  the  treasurer 
will  have  a  deficit  as  it  is  now.  We  want  to  face  the  whole  situation 
as  we  go  along. 

REV.  H.  R.  HESS,  of  West  Virginia  Conference.  I  think  in  all 
fairness  to  this  matter,  that  we  stand  as  a  body  upon  the  basis  that 
was  first  suggested — that  we  come  in  the  most  practical  way,  in  cheap 
ness  and  in  safety  to  ourselves.  If  I  get  luxuries  in  coming  here,  1 
have  a  right  to  pay  for  them.  I  think  that  the  real  expense  of  fifty 
cents  a  day  for  board,  the  regular  car  fare,  and  the  meals  while  com 
ing,  is  what  the  expenses  ought  to  be.  In  all  fairness  to  every  one  I 
think  that  should  be  the  rule.  I  know  this — I  was  not  in  a  sleeping 

142 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

car ;  I  slept  well,  and  when  I  went  to  sleep  a  young  man  was  sitting  by 
my  side,  and  when  I  awoke,  a  young  lady  was  sitting  by  my  side. 
[Laughter.] 

REV.  W.  O.  SIFFERT,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  I  presume  that  the 
question  is  well  stated.  The  expectation  was  that  sleeping-car  fare 
should  be  cut  out  at  this  Conference,  and  I  do  not  see  how  we  can  in 
clude  it.  If  there  is  going  to  be  a  deficit  in  the  calculations  about 
it,  how  are  we  going  to  secure  it,  especially  under  this  provision  ?  How 
ever,  you  will  find  another  provision  in  the  last  General  Conference 
proceedings,  that  all  conferences  short  in  their  assessment  will  be  cut 
down  in  their  receipts  on  expenses  according  to  the  per  cent,  that  they 
are  short.  But  I  want  to  say  this,  that  the  time  is  coming,  and  is  here, 
when  we  ought  to  include  sleeping  cars  for  the  next  General  Confer 
ence.  There  is  no  question  about  that,  and  I  am  favorable  to  includ 
ing  that  when  the  time  comes  for  the  next  General  Conference,  but 
under  the  conditions  I  do  not  see  how  we  can  now.  We  shall  not  have 
the  money  to  do  it. 

MRS.  HELEN  GOULD,  of  Minnesota  Conference.  I  would  like  to  ask 
if  those  who  take  sleeping  cars  are  allowed  sleeping-car  expense,  how 
about  those  who  sleep  so  comfortably  sitting  up  in  a  chair  ?  Are  they 
to  be  allowed  rates?  I  think  if  any  one  is  to  be  paid  for  sleeping  cars, 
it  is  those  who  have  traveled  over  seven  hundred  miles.  Perhaps  that 
would  help  pay  the  expense.  I  slept  peacefully  sitting  up  one  night. 

REV.  H.  DEAL,  of  Minnesota  Conference.  As  I  see  it,  the  same  rule 
holds  good  for  board.  One  man  may  have  carried  a  lunch  from  home. 
He  did  not  buy  it,  but  he  ate  from  his  wife's  good  cooking.  Another 
man  paid  perhaps  seventy-five  cents  a  meal  in  the  dining  car.  It 
seems  to  me  there  ought  to  be  an  equalization  somewhere  on  this  line. 
If  fifty  cents  a  day  is  allowed  here,  why  not  allow  fifty  cents  a  day  for 
meals  while  coming  here  ? 

DR.  D.  W.  SPRINKLE,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  We  are  just  where 
we  were  four  years  ago,  and  I  hoped  we  could  avoid  this  predicament. 
I  have  a  very  tender  regard  for  those  friends  beyond  the  Alleghenies, 
and  from  distant  Georgia,  and  from  the  extreme  West.  Some  of  us 
have  come  a  thousand  miles,  but  I  believe,  brethren,  we  cannot  do 
anything  at  this  time,  and  do  right  all  around  and  credit  to  ourselves, 
but  to  stand  by  the  order  of  the  last  General  Conference.  I  believe  it 
will  be  right,  and  hereafter  we  will  be  wiser  and  do  better. 


143 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

VOICES.    Question,  question,  question. 

KEY.  S.  L.  TODD,  of  Indiana  Conference.  I  move  the  previous  ques 
tion. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  All  in  favor  of  voting  on  the  pending  ques 
tion  indicate  same  by  voting  aye.  It  is  agreed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  amendment  to  the  amendment  is  that 
you  include  sleeping-car  fares.  All  favoring  this  indicate  the  same  by 
saying  aye.  Contrary,  no.  It  is  not  agreed  to. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  amendment  now  is  that  you  report 
your  regular  car  fare  coming  and  going,  and  what  it  cost  you  for 
meals  each  day  while  traveling.  Are  you  ready  to  vote  ?  All  favoring 
this  indicate  same  by  saying  aye.  Contrary,  no.  It  is  agreed  to. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  the  question  as  amended  is  that  the 
chairman  of  each  delegation  secure  this  item  of  expanse  from  his 
delegation  and  report  to  this  committee.  Are  you  ready  ?  All  in  favor 
of  this  indicate  same  by  saying  aye.  Contrary,  no.  It  is  agreed,  and 
the  chairman  of  each  committee  will  so  report. 

PROFESSOR  KEPPEL,  of  California  Conference.  A  brother  asked  the 
question,  and  we  could  not  get  an  answer  to  it  on  account  of  the 
previous  question.  Do  we  understand  that  the  allowance  for  meals 
coming  and  going  is  fifty  cents  per  day  or  the  actual  expense  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    I  think  it  is  the  actual  expense. 

PROFESSOR  KEPPEL.    I  will  come  out  even  then  all  right. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  have  the  report  of  the  Committee 
on  Devotion. 

REV.  S.  W.  PAUL,  of  East  Tennessee  Conference.  In  the  absence  of 
the  fraternal  delegates  who  were  to  be  here  to-night,  it  was  the  duty 
of  your  committee  to  arrange  for  the  services,  and  we  have  provided 
that  Dr.  D.  W.  Sprinkle,  of  the  East  Ohio  Conference,  will  preach  in 
the  Hall  of  Representatives  to-night  at  eight  o'clock.  Rev.  D.  P. 
Baker,  of  East  Tennessee  Conference,  will  conduct  the  devotional 
services  to-morrow  morning,  and  Rev.  Eli  Good,  of  Michigan  Confer 
ence,  will  conduct  the  devotional  services  in  the  afternoon. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Brethren  of  the  Conference,  I  introduce  to 
you  Rev.  Dr.  Spencer,  editor  of  the  Central  Christian  Advocate,  pub 
lished  in  this  State,  at  Kansas  City. 

Conference  arose  and  greeted  Dr.  Spencer. 


144 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  there  any  other  reports  ready  to  come 
before  us  from  the  standing  committees? 

DR.  W.  M.  BELL,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference.  This  question  has  been 
raised,  and  perhaps  ought  to  be  settled  now.  Will  these  bills  in  the 
boarding  houses  here,  also  the  hotels,  for  delegates,  be  paid  by  the 
committee,  or  will  each  man  pay  his  own  bill  for  boarding  while  in 
the  city  ? 

DR.  FUNK.    May  I  answer  that  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Yes. 

DR.  FUNK.  The  arrangement  made  with  Brother  Crites,  the  pastor 
of  our  church,  was  that  he  would  arrange  to  take  care  of  these  bills. 
As  he  has  the  matter  all  in  hand,  you  need  not  worry  at  all  about  be 
ing  taken  care  of.  Those  who  are  assigned  to  homes  here  in  the  city, 
their  bills  will  be  paid  through  that  committee.  I  suppose  Dr.  McKee 
will  settle  with  Brother  Crites,  and  not  undertake  to  go  out  and  settle 
with  your  hosts.  Those  who  are  paying  extra  for  their  entertain 
ment  will  be  given  $3.50  a  week,  and  they  can  settle  their  own  bills. 

THE. PRESIDING  BISHOP.  What  further  is  the  pleasure  of  the  Con 
ference  ? 

PROFESSOR  KEPPEL,  of  California  Conference.  I  am  very  sorry  that 
I  am  obtuse,  but  I  do  not  know  yet  about  the  bills  in  Topeka.  Are  we 
to  understand  that  the  Entertainment  Committee  will  pay  the  bills, 
and  that  we  will  also  receive  the  rate  of  fifty  cents  a  day? 

DR.  FUNK.    That  was  not  what  I  said,  Mr.  Chairman. 

PROFESSOR  KEPPEL.  Whatever  was  said,  with  all  due  deference  to 
Dr.  Funk,  I  do  not  know  what  he  did  say.  I  want  information.  It- 
seems  to  me  that,  according  to  these  cards  that  we  hold,  we  ought  to 
pay  the  expense  and  come  to  the  Entertainment  Committee  with  the 
receipt.  It  does  seem  to  me  that  is  the  best  way  to  do  it.  In  Cali 
fornia,  if  we  went  off  without  taking  a  receipt,  we  might  be  arrested 
for  attempting  to  run  away  from  a  board  bill. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    You  might  be  arrested  here,  Mr.  Keppel. 

DR.  FUNK.  It  was  the  card  I  referred  to  a  moment  ago.  The  name 
of  the  treasurer  of  the  Entertainment  Committee  is  on  it.  I  am  sure 
it  is  the  purpose  of  this  committee,  because  we  talked  it  all  over,  that 
the  delegate  first  give  his  name  and  where  he  is  stopping,  and  turn  it 
back  to  this  committee,  and  then  they  will  take  care  of  it.  I  am  sure 


145 
to 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

that  is  the  plan ;  at  least  it  was,  unless  it  was  changed  since  the  plan 
was  made.  I  know  nothing  of  a  change. 

REV.  J.  W.  LAKE,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference.  That  is  not  the  plan 
we  are  acting  under  at  our  boarding-house.  Our  landlady  said  that 
she  was  to  receive  those  cards,  that  she  was  to  return  the  blank  to  the 
committee,  signed  by  the  delegate  endorsing  the  bill,  and  the  com 
mittee  was  to  pay  that  bill,  and  we  were  to  settle  the  difference  direct 
with  the  landlady.  We  are  paying  a  little  more  than  the  amount  al 
lowed  by  the  committee. 

DR.  FUNK.  Call  in  Brother  Crites,  the  chairman,  and  ask  him  what 
he  wants  done. 

REV.  J.  W.  LAKE.    They  have  taken  the  cards  from  us. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  suppose  if  Brother  Crites  is  in  the  room, 
he  can  tell  us  what  the  plan  is.  Is  Brother  Crites  present  ?  If  he  is  in 
the  lobby,  somebody  please  send  him  in. 

REV.  J.  H.  PATTERSON,  of  Louisiana  Conference.  If  you  will  take 
as  much  time  as  we  have  taken  in  asking  your  landlady,  it  will  be 
explained  to  you  at  your  home. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  would  like  to  ask 
a  question  for  information.  Section  7,  item  16,  of  the  Discipline,  as 
to  delegates'  expenses,  reads:  "This  money  shall  be  known  as  the 
General  Conference  expense  fund,  and  shall  be  distributed  among 
the  delegates  and  bishops  in  proportion  to  their  traveling  expenses  by 
the  most  direct  route  to  and  from  the  seat  of  the  General  Conference, 
and  shall  include  their  board  and  lodging  during  the  sessions  of  Con 
ference.  Provided,  however,  that  if  any  conference  shall  fail  to  raise 
the  full  amount  of  its  apportionment,  said  conference  delegation  shall 
receive  from  said  fund,  in  proportion  to  the  amount  raised  by  the 
conference."  Suppose  we  are  short,  now ;  suppose  the  conference  pays 
seventy-five  per  cent,  of  its  proportional  amount;  will  only  seventy- 
five  per  cent,  of  the  expenses  of  that  conference  be  paid  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  question  will  go  to  the  Committee  on 
Delegates'  Expenses.  The  committee  will  answer  that  when  it  makes 
its  report.  It  has  that  whole  matter  in  charge. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS.    Who  is  the  chairman  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  J.  R,  Harner  is  chairman  of  the  Commit 
tee  on  Delegates'  Expenses. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Brother  Funk,  the  report  comes  to  me  that 

146 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IN    CHRIST 


it  is  not  clear  what  was  meant.  Will  you  please  make  your  statement 
again  ? 

DR.  FUNK.  Mr.  Chairman,  I  will  try  once  more.  You  will  put  on 
this  paper,  which  is  for  the  chairman  of  the  delegation,  you  will  put 
on  this  paper  to  go  to  the  committee,  your  railroad  expenses,  coming 
and  going,  and  your  meals  on  the  way,  estimating  what  it  will  cost  you 
for  your  meals  at  home.  These  are  the  two  items  that  are  to  go  on  this 
paper.  The  question  of  boarding  here  cannot  be  taken  up  even  by 
the  committee  at  this  time,  for  we  do  not  know  how  long  we  are  going 
to  stay;  that  will  be  taken  up  the  day  before  adjournment,  then  you 
will  be  asked  to  settle  that  question.  Am  I  understood '? 

REV.  W.  W.  VINE,  of  Minnesota  Conference.  Does  that  mean  the 
expense  of  the  full  delegation  when  every  member  is  not  here  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  If  others  come  in,  then  your  chairman  will 
report  those  later. 

REV.  W.  W.  VINE.  You  know  Minnesota  has  a  very  large  assess 
ment,  and  part  of  our  delegation  is  not  here. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Report  when  it  comes. 

REV.  W.  W.  VINE.    Should  they  not  come  at  all,  what  then  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Then  there  will  be  no  expense  for  them. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Reports  are  to  come  from  the  Young  Peo 
ple's  Society,  from  the  Sunday-School  Board,  and  from  several  other 
boards.  Are  any  of  these  reports  ready  ?  I  am  informed  that  the  re 
port  from  the  Seminary  is  ready.  Will  you  hear  ?  Rev.  C.  J.  Burkert, 
of  Miami  Conference,  will  read  the  report. 

VOICES.    Yes,  yes. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    The  pages  will  circulate  them  at  once. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  am  requested  to  make  an  announcement. 
Please  turn  your  expense  money  that  was  ordered  a  moment  ago,  or 
the  statement  of  your  expense  fund,  over  to  Dr.  William  McKee,  and 
not  to  Dr.  Funk. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  we  will  hear  the  report  of  the  Board 
of  Directors  of  Union  Biblical  Seminary. 

REPORT  OP  UNION  BIBLICAL   SEMINARY  BOARD  OF  DIRECTORS. 

To   the    General   Conference    Convening   at   TopeTca,   Kansas, 
May  11,  1905. 

We  are  glad  to  report  that  during  the  quadrennium  Union 
Biblical    Seminary   has   carried   on    its    great   and   important 

147 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

work  with  growing  interest  and  success.  The  number  of  grad 
uates  the  last  four  years  is  fifty.  The  faculty  consists  of  four 
members,  the  same  persons  having  served  for  the  entire  term. 

The  report  of  the  Business  Manager  will  show  that  the  debt 
of  about  $30,000  at  the  beginning  of  the  term  has  been  almost 
entirely  paid.  The  assets  available  for  the  purpose  are  suffi 
cient  to  meet  the  entire  amount. 

The  amount  of  money  received  from  the  conferences  to 
be  applied  to  meeting  current  expenses  has  shown  a  steady 
increase. 

Constant  efforts  are  being  made  through  special  lectures, 
direct  instruction,  and  training  classes  to  make  the  Seminary 
course  thoroughly  practical  and  up  to  the  requirements  of 
our  particular  time  and  field. 

A  matter  of  great  interest  and  profit  is  the  special  meeting 
conducted  by  distinguished  religious  leaders  with  which  each 
Seminary  year  is  closed.  During  the  quadrennium  three  of 
these  meetings  have  been  conducted  by  Doctor  Morgan  and 
the  last  by  Doctor  Meyer,  both  of  London. 

While  we  are  devoutly  thankful  for  the  success  of  the  Semi 
nary  in  the  past  and  for  all  of  the  blessings  growing  out  of 
the  same,  we  are  deeply  impressed  that  there  lie  immediately 
before  us  much  larger  opportunities  and  obligations  than 
those  that  mark  the  past. 

The  changes  steadily  taking  place  in  the  great  field  in 
which  our  Church  is  carrying  on  its  work  require  a  constant 
advance  in  ministerial  preparation.  The  supreme  test  of 
efficiency  at  this  time  is  not  so  much  in  making  beginnings 
as  it  is  in  holding  what  is  gained  and  in  making  additions 
where  there  are  already  numbers  and  strength. 

We  therefore  earnestly  recommend  that  the  General  Confer 
ence  directly  place  before  the  Church  as  an  interest  deserving 
of  special  regard  during  the  next  quadrennium  the  enlarge 
ment  and  strengthening  of  Union  Biblical  Seminary.  Rightly 
viewed,  such  prominence  given  to  the  Seminary  will  only 
accentuate  the  importance  of  all  our  educational  work  and 
of  securing  larger  beneficiary  funds  for  the  assistance  of  wor 
thy  persons  preparing  for  the  ministry. 

Additional  buildings,  additional  endowment,  and  an  in 
creased  teaching  force  are  imperative  needs. 

To  make  tangible  and  effective  an  effort  in  behalf  of  the 
Seminary,  we  especially  recommend: 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IN   CHRIST 

1.  That  the  present  assessments  for  the  Seminary  be  con 
tinued,  and  that  said  assessments  be  apportioned  and  collected 
in  full. 

2.  That  an  effort  be  made  during  the  first  year  of  the  quad- 
rennium  to  raise  $50,000  of  additional  endowment. 

3.  That  by  the  end  of  the  second  year  of  the  quadrennium 
the  amount  of  $50,000  be  raised  for  new  buildings  and  addi 
tional   equipment. 

In  conclusion,  we  beg  further  to  state  that  the  improve 
ment  in  the  financial  condition  and  prospects  of  our  colleges 
and  of  our  Church  interests  in  general  emphasizes  the  impor 
tance  of  new  and  special  attention  and  effort  in  giving  to  the 
Seminary  added  attractiveness  and  strength. 

C.   J.   BURKERT,  , 

A.  W.  DRURY, 
E.  S.  LORENZ, 

Committee. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Will  you  now  hear  the  manager's  report  of 
Union  Biblical  Seminary  ? 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Please  circulate  this  report  among  the  dele 
gates.  Dr.  Brooke,  Manager  of  the  Union  Biblical  Seminary,  will 
read.  Now  let  us  be  quiet,  and  all  be  seated  who  are  not  authorized 
to  stand. 

REPORT  OF  BUSINESS   MANAGER  OF  UNION  BIBLICAL  SEMINARY. 

TOPEKA,  KANSAS,  May  11,  1905. 
To  the  General  Conference  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ. 

DEAR  BRETHREN  :  In  accord  with  the  action  of  the  last  Gen 
eral  Conference,  I  assumed  the  business  management  of  Union 
Biblical  Seminary  July  1,  1901. 

Early  in  the  first  year  of  the  quardbnnium  a  united  effort 
was  made  to  free  the  Seminary  from  a  debt  of  $30,463.78.  This 
has  been  accomplished,  and  the  most  difficult  burden  the  in 
stitution  and  its  friends  have  had  to  bear  has  been  removed. 
The  interest  on  this  debt  during  the  time  it  was  being  paid 
amounted  to  $2,803.72,  which,  with  the  principal,  required 
$33,267  to  cancel  the  debt.  The  interest  on  the  debt  the  pre 
ceding  quadrennium  was  $10,273.89.  I  make  reference  to  the 
interest  burden  accompanying  a  debt,  that  we  may  not  forget 

149 


TWENTY-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

"what  a  serious  matter  it  is  for  a  benevolent  institution  to 
operate  under  the  burden  of  a  debt.  The  four  years  just  closed 
were  especially  a  debt-paying  period  for  all  the  general  interests 
of  the  Church. 

After  providing  for  the  debt  of  the  Seminary  there  was  such 
thorough  and  constant  canvassing  for  other  church  enterprises 
that  it  was  difficult  to  secure  large  results  from  field  efforts.  I 
have  given  considerable  attention  to  the  conference  assessments 
for  the  Seminary.  The  income  from  this  source  is  now  more 
than  $1,000  annually  above  what  it  has  been  heretofore,  but 
there  is  need  of  improvement  in  this  department  of  the  Semi 
nary's  finances.  This  is  the  source  of  our  largest  income  for 
current  expenses,  and  must  continue  to  be  until  the  endow 
ment  fund  is  greatly  increased.  Without  intending  or  desir 
ing  to  divert  the  proper  attention  from  other  general  interests, 
I  would  ask  that  due  consideration  be  given  the  needs  of  the 
Seminary,  that  it  may  meet  the  larger  requirements  that  are 
now  being  made  upon  it. 

During  the  quadrennium  the  endowment  fund  has  been  in 
creased  $4,000.  This  fund  must  be  greatly  enlarged  before  our 
Seminary  can  be  considered  to  be  on  a  substantial  basis.  Be 
sides  the  donations  to  this  fund  which  have  been  received  there 
are  others  of  goodly  proportions  now  in  the  process  of  consum 
mation. 

Each  year  during  the  quadtenniumi  I  have  had  such  repairs 
made  upon  the  Seminary  building  as  were  absolutely  neces 
sary,  but  at  this  time  extensive  repairing  of  the  building  and 
refurnishing  of  recitation  rooms  and  chapel  are  pressing  needs, 
and  should  have  immediate  attention  in  order  to  properly  pro 
vide  for  the  comfort  and  for  the  better  service  of  the  students. 

FINANCIAL  EXHIBIT 

For  the  First  Year,  Ending  March  31.  1902. 

CASH   ACCOUNT. 

Receipts. 

Balance  in  treasury  April  1,  1901 $     4,954  86 

Endowment  principal,  investments  re 
turned   $  20,110  00 

Endowment  principal,  newly  collected.          720  00 

Endowment  interest  collected  2,269  68 

Contingent  principal  collected   1,869  54 

150 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Contingent  interest  collected 46  33 

Rents  of  real  estate 570  55 

Incidental  fees  (students)    316  50 

Conference   assessments    3,978  97 

Donations  to  endowment  fund 1,005  23 

Donations  to  contingent  fund 1,018  75 

Discarded  notes  paid 38  00 

Annuity  donations  6,000  00 

Library  fund  10  00 

Prom  money  borrowed 2,115  00 


Total  receipts  for  the  year $  40,068  55 


Total  in  treasury  during  the  year. .  $  45,022  45 

Expenditures. 

Salaries,    faculty    $  5,53324 

Salary,  business  manager   1,399  96 

Salaries,  janitor  and  matron 395  00 

Salaries,  clerk  and  soliciting  agent.  ..  .  425  00 

'Salary,  general  treasurer   198  38 

Interest  paid  on  loans 1,558  22 

Annuities  paid    1,122  24 

'Taxes  and  insurance 239  77 

Fuel,  light,  and  water 341  32 

Endowment  cash  reinvested    15,195  00 

Postage,  stationery,  and  printing 271  03 

'Traveling   expenses    352  02 

Room  rent  for  students 396  00 

Repairs    (Seminary)    849  72 

Repairs  (endowment  property)    117  16 

Books  for  library  14  80 

Legal  expenses,  fees 10  50 

borrowed  money  paid   11,636  65 


Total  expenditures  $  40,056  01 


Balance  in  treasury  March  31,  1902  $     4,967  34 


151 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

FINANCIAL  EXHIBIT 
For  the  Second  Year,  Ending  March  31,  1903. 

CASH   ACCOUNT. 

Receipts. 

Balance  in  treasury  April  1,  1902 $     4,967  34 

Endowment  investments  returned   ....$  7,530  00 

Endowment  newly  collected 1,406  50 

Contingent  principal  collected   3,184  38 

Interest  from  all  sources   2,297  73 

Conference  assessments    4,044  39 

Eent  of  realty    693  00 

Incidental  fees  (students)    440  75 

Donations  on  debt  fund 18,027  47 

Donations  on  endowment  fund 2,462  00 

Discarded  notes  paid 65  00 

Temporary  loan   (borrowed)    500  00 

Library  fund  36  81 


Total  receipts  for  the  year $  40,688  03. 


Total  in  treasury  during  the  year.  $  45,655  37" 

Expenditures. 

Salaries,  faculty  $  5,700  00 

Salary,  Business  Manager   1,400  00 

Salary,  janitor  and  matron 396  00 

Salary,  General  Treasurer  264  52 

Salaries,  clerks   602  00 

Annuities  paid   909  49 

Interest  paid  on  loans 830  83 

Fuel,  light,  and  water 411  49 

Taxes  and  insurance 300  36 

Endowment   reinvested   (cash)    6,400  00 

Endowment  newly  invested   (cash)    .  . .  2,552  00 

Room  rent  for  students 296  00 

Postage,  stationery,  and  printing 140  02 

Borrowed  money  paid 22,867  00 

Traveling  expenses 576  21 

Repairs    (Seminary)    347  21 

Repairs  (endowment  property)   84  64 

152 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 


Library   (books  bought)    70  73 

Legal   fees    24  33 


Total  expenditures  $  44,172  83 


Balance  in  treasury  March  31,  1903  $     1,482  54 

FINANCIAL  EXHIBIT 

For  the  Third  Year,  Ending  March  31,  1904. 

CASH   ACCOUNT. 

Receipts. 

Balance  in  treasury  April  1,  1903 $    1,482  54 

Endowment  investments  returned $  4,352  83 

Endowment  newly  collected 1,120  00 

Contingent  principal  collected   1,765  59 

Interest  from  all  sources   2,354  43 

Rents  from  realty   590  00 

Incidental  fees  (students)    417  25 

Conference  assessments 5,438  49 

Collected   on  debt    2,204  00 

Received  on  annuity  50  00 

Donation  to  endowment   489  28 

For  library  fund 50  00 


Total  receipts  for  the  year $  18,831  87 


Total  amount  in  the  treasury  dur 
ing  the  year $  20,314  41 

Expenditures. 

Salaries  of  faculty $  5,700  00 

Salary,  Business  Manager   1,400  00 

Salary,  janitor  and  matron 281  50 

Salary,  General  Treasurer 265  00 

Salaries  of  clerks  101  00 

Annuities  paid    844  95 

Interest  paid  on  debt 221  50 

Fuel,  light,  and  water 447  08 

Taxes  and  insurance   373  02 

Endowment  loans  placed   4,250  00 

Paid  on  students'  house  rent 240  00 

153 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Postage,  stationery,  and  printing 166  57 

Paid  on  debt 2,802  83 

Traveling  expenses 398  58 

Repairs  on  Seminary   294  37 

Repairs  on  endowment  property 144  21 

Library  (books  bought) 63  08 

Attorney   fees    100  00 

Sundries   63  71 


Total  expenditures  $  18,257  40 

Balance  in  treasury  March  31,  1904  $     2,057  01 

FINANCIAL  EXHIBIT 

For  the  Year  Ending  March  31,  1905. 
For  the  Fourth  Year,  Ending  March  31,  1905. 

CASH    ACCOUNT. 

Receipts. 

Balance  in  treasury  April  1,  1904 $     2,057  01 

Endowment  investments  returned   ....$  6,270  00 

Endowment  newly  collected 1,755  00 

Contingent  principal  collected   1,223  50 

Interest  from  all  sources   2,734  95 

Rents  from  realty   463  00 

Incidental  fees  (students)    449  00 

Conference   assessments    5,270  61 

Collected  on  debt 1,849  00 

Donation  to  endowment  fund 500  00 

For  library  fund    75  00 

Borrowed  money 2,000  00 


Total  receipts  for  the  year $  22,590  06 


Total  amount  in  the  treasury  dur 
ing  the  year $  24,647  07 

Expenditures. 

Salaries  of  the  faculty $  5,700  00 

Salary,  Business  Manager 1,400  00 

Salary,  janitor  and  matron 385  65 

154 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Salary,  General  Treasurer 265  00 

Salary  of  assistant  and  commission  to 

solicitor 129  70 

Annuities  paid    179  95 

Interest  paid  on  debt   193  17 

Fuel,  light,  and  water 361  98 

Taxes  and  insurance 198  66 

Endowment  reinvested    8,200  00 

Paid  students  house  rent 157  50 

Postage,  stationery,  and  printing 179  31 

Paid  debt  and  borrowed  money 4,700  00 

Repairs  on  Seminary  building 371  15 

Repairs  on  endowment  property 88  81 

Library  (books  and  periodicals  bought)  154  20 

Attorney  fees  and  sundries 103  79 

Traveling  expenses 470  39 


Total  expenditures  $  23,239  26 


Balance  in  treasury  March  31,  1905  $     1,407  81 

SUMMARY  FOR  THE  QUADRENNIUM. 

Receipts. 

Balance  in  treasury  April  1,  1901 $     4,954  80 

1901-1902    $  40,068  55 

1902-1903    40,688  03 

1903-1904    18,831  87 

1904-1905    22,590  06 


Total    $122,178  51 


Grand  total   $127,133  31 

Expenditures. 

1901-1902    $  40,056  01 

1902-1903    44,172  83 

1903-1904    18,257  40 

1904-1905    23,239  26 


Total   $125,725  50 


Cash  on  hand  April  1,  1905 $     1,407  81 

155 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 
NEW  FUNDS  RECEIVED  DURING  THE  YEAR. 

From  conference  assessments    $5,270  61 

From  incidental  fees  (students)   449  00 

From  debt  fund 1,849  00 

Endowment  donation   500  00 

Donation  to  library 75  00 

Cash  donations  to  contingent  fund 310  00 


Total  new  funds  (cash)  $8,453  61 

INVENTORY,,  MARCH  31,  1905. 

Building    and    grounds    of    Seminary 

proper    $  38,000  00 

Furnishings,  including  apparatus   ....  3,200  00 

Library,  books,  pamphlets,  maps,  etc. .  .  3,600  00 


Total  grounds,  building,  and  con 
tents    $  44,800  00 

CONTINGENT  ASSETS. 

Two  lots  in  Philadelphia,  Pa $.  500  00 

One  lot  in  Grand  Kapids,  Mich 500  00 

Notes  and  subscription  on  debt  fund.  .  3,345  00 

Individual  contingent  notes 2,200  00 

Individual  contingent  death  notes  ....  8,242  00 


Total  contingent  realty,  notes,  and 

subscriptions    $  14,787  00 

Accrued  interest  to  April  1,  1905 849  30 


Total    $  15,636  30 

Contingent    cash    overdrawn    April    1, 
1905   838  44 


Total  contingent  realty,  notes,  sub 
scriptions,  and  accrued  interest.  $  14,797  86 

ENDOWMENT  ASSETS. 

Real  estate  (revenue  producing),  two 
properties  $  9,850  00 

Real  estate  (non-revenue  producing), 

two  properties  850  00 

156 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Mortagage  loans  45,432  00 

Endowment  awaiting  investment 2,246  25 

Total  in  realty,  loans,  and  cash.  ..  $  58,378  25 

Individual  endowment  notes   $     1,705  00 

Individual  endowment  death  notes  ....     22,400  00 

Total  endowment  notes $  24,105  00 

Total  endowment  assets  of  all  kinds  $  82,483  25 

GENERAL   INVENTORY. 

Net  assets  April  1, 1904 $155,429  45 

Building  and  furnishings $  44,700  00 

Contingent  assets  of  all  kinds 14,797  86 

Endowment  assets  of  all  kinds 82,483  25 

Cash  in  treasury  at  end  of  year 1,407  81 

Total  assets  March  31,  1905 $143,388  92 

Decrease  in  assets  for  the  year.  ...  $  12,040  53 

Before  making  out  this  report  two  members  of  the  com 
mittee  and  myself  examined  the  notes  held  by  the  Seminary 
and  made  a  classification  that  put  many  of  them  into  the 
doubtful  column.  This  largely  accounts  for  the  shrinkage  in 
assets.  The  remaining  notes  and  subscriptions  for  the  debt 
fund  are  considered  good  for  the  estimated  amount  $3,345.00. 
These  mature  next  June,  at  which  time  a  large  amount  of  the 
balance  has  been  promised  to  be  paid. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

C.  M.  BROOKE, 
Business  Manager. 


To  the  Board  of  Directors  of  Union  Biblical  Seminary. 

We,  the  undersigned,  have  examined  the  books  of  C.  M. 
Brooke,  Business  Manager  of  Union  Biblical  Seminary,  for  the 
year  1904-1905,  and  have  compared  the  same  with  vouchers  so 
far  as  the  present  system  provides  for  vouchers.  We  find  the 
books  to  be  correct,  and  believe  if  complete  vouchers  were  ob 
tainable  the  same  would  be  found  to  agree  with  the  books. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

C.    W.   LlNARD. 

A.  W.  DRURV. 


157 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 
RECO  M  M  ENDATION  S. 

1.  That  the  General  Conference  consider  the  vital  impor 
tance  of  Union  Biblical  Seminary  as  an  agency  for  supplying 
the  Church  with  well-qualified  and  efficient  ministers. 

2.  The  difference  in  educational   attainments   of   students 
entering  the  Seminary  calls  for  a  reclassification  of  the  stu 
dent  body,   and  this  necessitates  heavier  work   and  a  larger 
financial  outlay.     Let  there  be  a  more  comprehensive  plan  in 
operating  our   Seminary,  and  there  will  be  larger  and  more 
satisfactory  results  from  its  work. 

We  urge  that  full  consideration  be  given  this  important 
feature  of  the  Seminary's  needs,  and  adequate  measures  be 
inaugurated  to  supply  them. 

3.  The  conference  assessments  for  the  current  expenses  of 
the  Seminary  should  be  continued  and  every  annual  confer 
ence  should  assess  the  full  amount  required  by  General  Con 
ference,  and  collect  in  full  the  assessments.    From  this  source 
we  must  continue  to  look  for  the  larger  amount  of  our  current 
expenses.     This  feature  of  Seminary  finances  is  indispensable 
to  the  maintenance  of  the  Seminary. 

Some  of  the  conferences  have  assessed  all  the  General  Con 
ference  required  and  collected  very  nearly  all  they  assessed. 
If  this  body  can  devise  ways  and  means  to  encourage  the  an 
nual  conferences  to  pay  in  full  the  amount  required  of  them 
for  the  Seminary,  such  a  measure  will  render  a  great  service 
in  behalf  of  this  worthy  institution. 

C.  M.  BROOKE,  Business  Manager. 

REV.  S.  W.  KEISTER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  that  the  re 
port  just  read  be  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  you  ready  to  vote?  All  in  favor  indi 
cate  by  saying  aye.  Contrary,  no.  It  is  agreed  and  is  so  referred. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Can  we  have  the  Sunday-school  report  at 
this  time? 

COLONEL  ROBERT  COWDEN,  of  Miami  Conference.  We  were  com 
pelled  to  have  some  additional  printing  done,  which  is  not  yet  ready. 
We  will  be  ready  to  report  to-morrow. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Are  there  any  other  standing  reports  ready? 


158 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

.  A  VOICE.  The  report  on  education.  Can  we  have  the  reports  first 
circulated  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Professor  P.  O.  Bonebrake,  president  of 
Campbell  College,  Holton,  Kansas,  asks  privilege  to  make  an  an 
nouncement  while  the  reports  are  being  distributed.  Will  you  hear 
him? 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Proceed. 

PROF.  P.  O.  BONEBRAKE.  A  number  of  persons  have  written  to  me 
and  asked  about  the  excursion  to  the  Pacific  Coast.  I  have  taken  this 
up  with  the  railroads,  and  arrangements  have  been  made  to  send  a  car 
through  the  next  day  following  the  adjournment  of  the  Conference. 
If  you  desire  to  consult  any  one  concerning  this,  or  are  interested  in 
it,  you  may  see  me  or  the  managers  of  the  Rock  Island  Road,  who 
will  be  here  to-morrow. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  reports  of  the  Board  of  Education  are 
distributed.  Now  we  will  have  this  report  read.  Let  us  have  quiet 
while  it  is  read.  Professor  S.  D.  Faust,  of  the  Union  Biblical  Semi 
nary,  will  read  it. 

EIGHTH   QUADRENNIAL   REPORT   OF   THE   BOARD   OF   EDUCATION. 

IN  accord  with  the  provisions  of  the  Discipline,  the  Board 
of  Education  presents  this  eighth  quadrennial  report  to  the 
General  Conference  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ. 

The  General  Conference  of  four  years  ago  elected. as  a  Board 
of  Education  L.  Bookwalter,  G.  A.  Funkhouser,  G.  M. 
Mathews,  I.  L.  Kephart,  W.  E.  Schell,  J.  P.  Landis,  T.  J. 
Sanders,  C.  M.  Brooke,  and  H.  U.  Roop.  In  addition  to  these 
the  ex  officio  members  of  the  Board  are  the  bishops  of  the 
Church.  At  the  annual  meeting  of  the  Board,  held  May  5, 
1903,  J.  P.  Landis  resigned,  and  W.  J.  Zuck  was  elected  by  the 
Board  to  fill  the  vacancy.  The  meeting  for  the  organization 
of  the  Board  was  held  in  Frederick  City,  Maryland,  May  21, 
1901.  Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart  called  the  meeting  to  order,  and 
was  elected  president  for  the  quadrennium.  S.  D.  Faust  was 
elected  corresponding  secretary.  G.  A.  Funkhouser,  J.  P. 
Landis,  A.  W.  Drury,  W.  R.  Funk,  and  T.  J.  Sanders  were 
elected  as  an  executive  committee.  At  a  meeting  held  in  the 
United  Brethren  Publishing  House  July  16,  1901,  G.  M. 
Mathews  and  C.  M.  Brooke  were  elected  members  of  the  com- 

159 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

mittee,  it  having  been  found  that  A.  W.  Drury  and  W.  R. 
Funk  could  not  serve  on  account  of  their  not  being  members 
of  the  Board.  At  the  meeting  of  May  5,  1903,  I.  L.  Kephart 
was  elected  to  fill  the  place  on  the  committee  made  vacant  by 
the  resignation  of  J.  P.  Landis  from  the  Board.  This  made 
the  committee  finally  to  include  G.  A.  Funkhouser,  T.  J. 
Sanders,  G.  M.  Mathews,  C.  M.  Brooke,  and  I.  L.  Kephart.  At 
the  meeting  of  the  Board,  July  16,  1901,  the  corresponding 
secretary  was  put  in  charge  of  the  notes  and  obligations  due 
the  Board  for  the  quadrennium.  Within  the  quadrennium  the 
Board  met  in  Frederick  City,  Maryland,  May  21,  1901 ;  in  Day 
ton,  Ohio,  July  16, 1901,  January  15,  1902,  May  5,  1902,  May  5, 
1903,  May  2,  1904,  and  May  3,  1905.  For  traveling  expenses 
these  meetings  of  the  Board  have  cost  the  Church  $439.64. 

At  the  close  of  another  quadrennium  we  have  great  reason, 
as  a  denomination,  to  be  profoundly  grateful  to  our  Heavenly 
Father  for  his  unbounded  blessings  upon  our  beloved  Zion. 
Under  his  direction  we  have  reached  higher  conceptions  as  to 
the  fundamental  importance  of  our  educational  interests,  and 
have  been  quickened  into  a  farther-reaching  readiness  to  set 
ourselves  to  the  task  of  cultivating  the  field  which  they  essen 
tially  occupy.  Our  schools  receive  a  more  general  recognition 
from  our  people  than  ever  before.  On  this  account  it  may  be 
said  that  they  are  more  liberally  patronized,  have  a  more  nearly 
adequate  equipment,  a  more  competent  teaching  force,  and  a 
higher  standing  in  the  educational  world  than  at  any  previous 
time  in  our  history. 

Our  book  literature,  our  current  literature,  our  improving 
methods  of  administration,  our  tendencies  toward  a  crystallized 
polity,  our  wider  recognition  of  Christian  activities  going  on 
about  us,  as  well  as  numerous  other  expressions  of  the  widened 
view  we  possess  of  ourselves  and  the  world  in  which  we  live 
and  serve,  all  testify  to  our  quickened  and  more,  comprehensive 
conception  of  the  field  essentially  occupied  by  the  Christian 
church.  We  stand  in  the  gray  dawn  of  the  momentous  day  in 
the  which  the  trained  powers  of  an  awakened  denomination, 
inspired  by  the  Spirit  of  Almighty  God,  shall  be  used  in  effi 
cient  service  to  the  glory  of  his  matchless  name.  For  this  great 
privilege,  to  a  degree  attained,  let  us  praise  him. 

But  the  demand  is  upon  us  for  yet  greater  and  more  nearly 
all-penetrating  conceptions  of  our  Lord's  work,  and  his  employ 
ment  of  human  forces  for  its  accomplishment.  We  need  to 

160 


BISHOP  W.  M.  WKKKLKY,  D.D. 

First  elected  in  1V05. 


JilSIIOP    WM.    M.    BKLL,    D.l). 

First  electi'd  in  IMS. 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

learn  much  more  thoroughly  than  yet  we  appear  to  have  learned 
the  value  our  Lord  sets  upon  the  regenerated  man;  that  he  is 
the  greatest  earthly  force  employed  in  the  carrying  out  of 
God's  purposes  in  the  subjugation  of  the  created  visible  uni 
verse,  and  that  on  this  account  men  are  valuable  to  the  degree 
in  which  they  are  self-impelled  and  self-directed  in  the  employ 
ment  of  their  most  fully  developed  powers,  in  accord  with  the 
will  of  their  Creator.  We  need  to  refresh  our  minds  with  the 
fact  that  the  most  important  question  confronting  the  human 
race  is  that  of  its  own  education.  The  individual  is  born  into 
the  world  without  conscious  knowledge,  and,  being  the  possessor 
•of  a  limited  capacity,  he  is  dependent  upon  God,  upon  those 
who  precede  him,  and  upon  his  own  limited  powers  of  mind,  for 
direction  in  the  performance  of  every  act  incident  to  his  earthly 
career.  Everything  he  touches  in  this  world  feels  the  degree 
of  perfection  to  which  his  development  has  been  carried  for 
ward.  He  is  an  independent  unit,  working  in  a  perfect  privacy 
with  which  no  one  may  intermeddle,  taking  up  his  life  burdens 
alone,  but  he  also  stands  related  to  the  whole  universe,  and  in 
this  relation  education  in  its  broadest  sense  is  to  make  him 
master  of  his  own  destiny,  and  in  turn  the  directing  influence 
in  the  destiny  of  others. 

On  this  account  the  church  has  always  regarded  herself  re 
sponsible  for  the  training  of  the  child ;  and  she  is,  in  the  high 
est  sense,  to  be  regarded  as  the  mother  of  popular  education, 
in  all  its  varied  forms,  as  represented  in  the  best  types  of 
Christian  civilization.  In  the  most  modern  forms  of  educa 
tional  activity,  she  assumes  the  right  to  demand  of  the  state 
certain  requirements,  in  the  character  of  the  teacher  and  in 
the  character  of  the  instruction  given,  in  the  schools  main 
tained  at  the  public  expense  for  the  education  of  our  citizens. 
And,  not  willing  that  the  state  should  have  exclusive  privileges 
in  the  education  of  the  youth,  the  church  has  been  founding 
and  maintaining,  at  heavy  expense,  institutions  of  higher 
learning,  so  that  under  her  direct  influence  and  supervision 
she  may  make  it  the  more  certain  that  proper  attention  be 
given  to  the  aesthetic  and  the  religious  in  the  critical  period  of 
the  young  life  when  childhood  is  merging  into  early  maturity. 

Our  own  Church  has  felt,  as  other  have  done,  that  this  field 
is  of  great  moment,  and  has  from  time  to  time  founded  such 
institutions  of  higher  learning.  We  may  congratulate  our 
selves  upon  what  has  been  done  in  this  direction,  but  much  re- 


161 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

mains  undone.  The  past  needs  not  to  be  seriously  lamented, 
but  the  present  ought  to  be  closely  scrutinized  in  its  relation 
to  the  past  as  well  as  to  the  future,  so  that,  in  accord  with  the 
strictest  economy,  and  upon  principles  promising  greatest  re 
sults,  the  proper  ends  of  such  educational  efforts  may  be 
reached  with  the  least  possible  loss  of  effort  and  courage.  The 
quadrennium  just  closing  was  to  have  been  given  to  the  in 
terests  of  our  educational  work.  In  the  early  part  of  this  period 
the  forces  of  the  Church  seemed  willingly  to  set  themselves  to 
the  task  suggested  by  the  last  General  Conference.  On  a  later 
page  of  this  report  the  schools  themselves  give  an  account  of 
what  has  been  done.  It  will  be  seen  that  our  old  debts  have 
been  greatly  reduced.  In  the  eyes  of  the  denomination  our 
educational  work  is  committed  to  the  adoption  of  new  methods. 
What  seemed  insurmountable  barriers  has  been  removed.  The 
schools  are  supposed  to  be  out  of  debt.  They  are  supposed  to 
remain  out  of  debt.  Enlarged  expectations  have  been  aroused,, 
and  now  the  "further  progress"  remains  to  be  made.  How 
shall  this  be  done  ? 

To  accomplish  all  of  which  the  denominational  life  is  capable 
in  this  direction,  the  leaders  in  the  field  need  to  use  the  best 
our  past  has  contributed,  and  at  the  same  time  find  in  the  de 
mands  of  the  present  the  suggestions  for  successful  organiza 
tion  and  administration.  But  the  policy  and  the  methods  to  be 
adopted  must  be  conservative,  for  we  cannot  divorce  ourselves 
from  the  past  should  we  try;  and,  moreover,  revolution  is  al 
ways  associated  with  severe  and  often  blighting  changes.  Prog 
ress  is  not  always  measured  by  the  scintillations  of  over-heated 
energy.  The  most  fiery  steed  is  sometimes  of  least  practical 
value.  Conservatism  is  safe,  if  not  brilliant. 

The  acceptance  of  an  ideal  by  any  field  largely  depends  upon 
the  presence  of  a  master  in  the  field.  The  response  of  the  field 
will  be  measured  by  the  reasonableness  of  the  ideal  which  the 
master  is  seeking  to  realize,  the  nature  of  the  demands  placed 
upon  it,  and  the  methods  employed  in  its  cultivation.  But  the 
absolute  realization  of  perfect  ideals  is  hardly  to  be  expected 
under  conditions  not  absolutely  favorable.  If  absolute  ideals 
of  the  highest  type  for  our  schools  could  easily  be  realized, 
every  institution  under  the  recognition  of  our  Church  would 
quickly  spring  up  into  a  great  and  fully-equipped  university. 
But  our  ideals  must  be  modified  and  given  a  reasonable  adapta 
tion  to  the  field  we  have  under  cultivation,  and  the  methods 

162 


UNITED    BRETHREN   IN    CHRIST 

employed  in  its  cultivation  must  be  of  such  a  character  as  to 
conserve  its  resources,  and  not  to  exhaust  them. 

If  these  principles  are  applicable,  what  shall  be  done  with 
our  educational  work? 

1.  There  ought  to  be  sought  an  adaptation  of  the  individual, 
particular  school  to  a  reasonable  expectancy,  taking  into  ac 
count  its  available  resources.     In  the  case  of  any  school,  debt 
must  not  be  allowed  to  accumulate  from  unpaid1  current  ex 
penses.     In  order  that  this  may  be  realized,  the  school  must 
wisely  adapt  itself  to  its  territory  and  its  available  income.    If 
necessary  its  grade  must  be  so  changed  as  to  make  the  income 
from  student  patronage,  and  temporary  or  permanent  financial 
resources,  cover  every  item  of  outlay.     If  such  resources  are 
sufficient  to  support  a  university  in  the  proper  sense,  let  the 
institution  be  a  university;  if  only  equivalent  to  the  proper 
outlay  of  an  academy,  then  let  it  be  an  academy  until  such 
time  as  that  at  which  its  increased  resources  warrant  a  higher 
grade.     This,  in  all  reason,  would  be  more  nearly  in  accord 
with  the  fitness  of  things  than  the  usually  adopted  alternative, 
which  invariably  results  in  poor  equipment,  a  starved  teaching 
force,  and  superficial  work.     If  the  denomination  saw  fit  to 
adopt  this  plan,  the  question  as  to  the  number  of  schools  under 
its  supervision  would  be  solved.    It  is  impossible  to  have, too 
many  schools  if  they  are  adapted  to  their  surroundings,  so  that 
they  may  be  operated  without  debt,  and  without  the  imposition 
of  undue  burdens  upon  the  cooperating  territory.     This  sug 
gestion  does  not  forbid  the  accumulation  of  debt  under  circum 
stances  which  provide  a  corresponding  value  in  real  estate,  or 
other  actual  possessions. 

2.  A  high  standard  of  thoroughness  and  efficiency  ought  to 
be  maintained,  so  that  the  schools  may  retain  their  own  re 
spect,  and  that  of  their  constituency.     This  means  that  a  col 
lege  is  to  do  well  the  work  of  a  college,  and  an  academy,  that 
of  an  academy.     It  implies  that  the  work  done  in  any  one  in 
stitutions,  as  represented  in  the  student  carrying  its  diploma,  be 
of  such  excellence  as  to  command  recognition  everywhere,  in 
its  own  grade.    It  implies  no  disgrace,  either  to  the  denomina 
tion  or  to  the  particular  institution,  but  only  honor  and  self- 
respect,  whatever  the  grade  of  any  school,  or  of  all  schools. 

3.  The  cooperating  territory  of  any  school  ought  to  be  as 
siduously  cultivated,  but  not  robbed  of  its  resources,  or  cal 
loused  in  its  sympathy  for  Christian  education.     The  student- 

163 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

patron  must  be  able  to  get  a  dollar's  worth  of  services  and 
benefit  for  every  dollar  he  expends  in  a  school  of  his  own  de 
nomination,  or  he  will  likely  go  to  another  which  offers  him 
advantages  equal  to  his  gold.  The  supporting  patron,  who  out 
of  his  generosity  and  sense  of  service  to  God  donates  money  to 
his  denominational  school,  must  not  have  his  generosity  put 
under  bondage  by  partial  payment  subscriptions,  by  which,  for 
years,  is  placed  an  embargo  upon  the  fountain  of  his  sympa 
thies,  until  the  spirit  of  giving  is  quenched  or  worn  out.  To 
produce  great  crops  without  reducing  the  fertility  of  the  soil  is 
true  husbandry. 

4.  Our  educational  work  needs  to  be  unified.     What  must 
be  sought  is  not  organic  union,  or  any  such  thing  as  a  cen 
tralized  administration,  or  any  loss  of  autonomy  on  the  part 
of  any  one  school,  or  undue  authority  vested  in  the  General 
Board  of  Education,  or  in  any  officer  of  the  Board,  but  such 
an  adjustment  of  our  schools  to  a  plan  or  policy  of  the  Board 
of  Education  as  to  bring  every  part  of  our  denominational  work 
into  corelation  with  every  other  part.    This  assumes  that,  first 
of  all,  the  Board  of  Education  shall  have  such  a  plan  or  policy. 
It  does  not  imply  that  any  school  shall  be  coerced,  or  shall  have 
imposed  upon  it  any  conditions  inimical  to  its  most  complete 
liberty  and  absolute  autonomy;  but  it  does  assume  that  the 
Board  shall  have  a  plan  and  policy  for  our  educational  work 
as  a  whole,  in  accord  with  which  every  school  desiring  the  rec 
ognition  of  the  Church  shall  take  a  recognized  grade-standing, 
in  accord  with  its  actual  standing  in  comparison  with  all  the 
other  schools.    This  will  bring  order  out  of  chaos,  and  the  work 
done  by  any  particular  school  will  have  the  same  recognition 
as  that  of  any  other  in  the  general  educational  plan.     Under 
such  arrangement,  the  student,  before  beginning  his  studies, 
will  know  his  academical  standing  in  the  eyes  of  the  Church, 
when  once  he  has  completed  any  particular  course  of  study. 
This  would  serve  as  a  powerful  incentive  to  patronize  our  own 
schools,  and  help  to  generate  a  commendable  pride  in  the  stu 
dent  in  his  attainment  of  successive  advancements.    What  we 
seek  is  not  union,  but  unity. 

5.  There  is  difficulty  in  determining  the  exact  duties  of  a 
secretary  of  education  whose  whole  time  shall  be  given  to  that 
office.    But  the  difficulty  should  not  stand  in  the  way  of  the  ap 
pointment  of  such  an  officer  if,  first,  the  educational  work  needs 
such  an  officer,  or,  second,  if  the  educational  work  in  its  gen- 

164 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

eral  phases  is  sufficiently  important  to  justify  the  expenses  of 
maintaining  such  an  officer.  No  one  will  deny  the  paramount 
importance  of  our  educational  work.  Our  traditional  attitude 
toward  such  interests  has  been  that  of  indifference  when  not 
that  of  positive  opposition.  We  have  awaked  from  our  long 
slumber  in  comparatively  recent  years.  In  no  other  field  of  de 
nominational  activity  can  we  so  poorly  afford  letes  than 
the  very  best  things  possible.  No  less  emphasis  upon 
other  phases  of  work,  but  decidedly  more  upon  this,  is  our  sal 
vation.  Nearly  all  our  forces  heretofore  have  been  employed  in 
evangelism,  in  almost  utter  disregard  of  the  vital  factor ;  name 
ly,  the  man  at  the  wheel. 

But  is  a  general  secretary  of  education  needed?  The  im 
portance  of  the  field  is  admitted,  or  are  we  not  yet  sufficiently 
awake  to  recognize  the  key  to  successful  operation  in  denomina 
tional  activity  ?  If  such  secretary  had  no  other  duties  for  four 
years  than  to  acquaint  our  people  with  beneficiary  education, 
the  needs  of  our  Church  would  justify  his  employment  for 
such  length  of  time.  We  are  already  feeling  the  need  of  pre 
pared  men,  and  the  future  will  impose  a  far  more  keenly  felt 
necessity  upon  us  in  this  direction.  In  the  future,  extension  will 
much  more  nearly  coincide  with  intensification  than  in  the  pres 
ent  or  in  the  past.  Many  feel  called  into  the  ministry,  and  to  a 
preparation  for  it,  but  the  money  necessary  to  take  even  a  partial 
course  of  study  is  wanting.  They  are  lost  to  the  sacred  calling 
because  of  confronting  difficulties.  It  is  the  duty  of  the  Church 
to  help  these  young  people  overcome  these  barriers.  Have  we 
learned  that  the  reason  why  our  efforts  at  extension  have  beon 
so  indifferently  successful  is  found  in  our  lack  of  strenuous- 
ness  in  the  matter  of  intellectual  culture?  We  have  been 
pious,  and  God  has  loved  us,  but  we  have  not  supplied  the  suit 
able  channels  manward  for  his  blessing  of  the  world  through 
us,  to  the  degree  which  we  could  desire.  For  years  we  have 
employed  several  secretaries  to  carry  before  our  people  the 
work  of  extension  in  its  several  phases,  falsely  assuming  that 
money  is  the  only  factor  in  the  work  of  extension,  when  in 
truth  it  occupies  at  best  a  third  place,  for,  first  of  all,  is  God, 
and,  second  in  place  as  well  as  in  rank,  is  the  being  whom  he 
made  in  his  own  image.  The  greatest  missionary  whom  this 
denomination,  or  any  other  denomination  can  produce,  is  the 
man  who  can  'prepare  the  way  for  the  greatest  number  of  his 
fellows  to  enter  upon  the  glorious  work  of  the  gospel  ministry, 

165 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

by  giving  them  financial  help,  or  otherwise  inducing  them  to 
bring  to  that  glorious  work  the  superlative  equipment  intellect 
ually  as  well  as  spiritually.  We  have  been  committing  denom 
inational  suicide  long  enough.  Our  ministry  must  be  educated 
in  the  twentieth  century  or  we  may  as  well  give  up  the  thought 
of  missionary  work,  at  home  or  abroad ;  and  for  this  phase  of 
the  work,  because  of  its  supreme  importance,  some  movement 
ought  to  be  inaugurated  which,  if  well  done,  is  well  worthy  the 
time  of  a  man,  and  that  movement  ought  to  include  the  ap 
pointment  of  a  secretary  of  education  whose  whole  time  is 
given  to  the  interests  of  our  educational  work. 

But  the  secretary  of  education,  large  enough  for  his  office, 
is  needed  in  other  fields  than  that  represented  merely  in  benefi 
ciary  education.  He  would  represent  an  ideal  in  our  educa 
tional  work  sorely  needed,  and  implied  in  what  has  already 
been  said  as  to  plan  and  polity.  No  crystallized  plan  or  policy 
can  be  made  to  appear  unless  first  represented  in  some  individ 
ual  or  individuals.  If  mistakes  already  made  in  our  educa 
tional  field  could  have  been  avoided,  even  in  part  by  such  a  sec 
retary,  the  Church  could  have  paid  him  a  handsome  salary 
every  year  since  the  institution  of  the  Board  of  Education,  in 
1869,  besides  gaining  wealth  from  his  services.  And  if  these 
interests  had  been  as  carefully  administered  from  a  central 
office,  as  have  been  the  interests  of  missions  or  of  the  Sunday 
school,  who  dare  say  that  we  would  not  now  have  more  and 
stronger  missions  and  Sunday  schools  ?  To  the  denominational 
life  the  proper  recognition  of  education  is  of  first  importance. 

Our  theological  department  is,  in  some  of  its  aspects,  more 
directly  related  to  our  denominational  life  than  are  the  col 
legiate  and  the  academical.  The  state  has  provided  popular 
education,  and  besides  has  founded  great  institutions  of  the 
higher  learning  for  the  use  of  her  citizens.  And  the  great  uni 
versities  founded  by  private  wealth  need  scarcely  be  men 
tioned.  The  doors  of  these  institutions  stand  wide  open,  invit 
ing  every  son  and  daughter  of  the  Church  to  enter.  But  the 
state  wisely  attempts  no  specific  theological  training.  To  sup 
ply  such  training  is  the  prerogative  of  the  Church,  and,  under 
our  form  of  civil  government,  must  always  remain  so.  This, 
then,  is  a  field  of  education  from  which  the  Church  cannot  hope 
to  be  relieved.  It  is  a  part  of  her  own  private  life,  and  is  there 
fore  very  closely  allied  to  her  most  sacred  interests.  Here  the 
leaders  of  her  hosts  are  to  receive  their  inspiration  and  train- 

166 


UNITED    BRETHREN   IN    CHRIST 

ing  for  successful  captaincy  in  the  Lord's  army,  as  represented 
in  the  denomination.  The  character  of  the  denomination  must 
therefore  be  largely  determined  by  the  character  of  the  theo 
logical  training  she  furnishes  to  her  ministry. 

The  church  is  therefore  the  architect  of  her  own  fortunes, 
under  the  blessing  of  the  Almighty,  for  the  training  of  her  own 
ministry  is  under  her  own  direction.  She  institutes  it.  She 
maintains  it  and  supports  the  financial  side  of  its  necessities. 
She  commits  her  sons  and  daughters  to  it,  and  again  drinks  at 
the  fountains  as  they  are  discovered  at  the  hands  of  those  same 
sons  and  daughters,  and  so  the  theological  training  she  fur 
nishes  comes  back  to  her  in  the  services  rendered  by  her  min 
istry.  What  phase  of  Christian  education  is  more  vitally  re 
lated  to  the  denominational  life  than  that  represented  in  the 
theological  seminary  ? 

But  this  department  ought  to  be  regarded  as  including  all 
special  studies  designated  by  the  proper  authority  to  be  taken 
by  the  candidate  for  the  ministry,  whether  taken  in  the  theo 
logical  seminary  or  out  of  it.  The  work  required  ought  to  be 
thorough  and  far-reaching,  and  the  reading  courses  appointed 
by  the  General  Conference  ought  to  include  a  large  amount  of 
biblical  and  exegetical  work,  including  the  study  of  the  English 
language,  in  addition  to  what  is  now  included,  so  that  the  li 
centiate  not  in  school  would  find  himself  as  well,  or  nearly  as 
well  versed  at  the  close  of  his  course  as  can  the  graduate  from 
the  theological  school.  What  should  be  demanded  is  thorough 
preparation,  whether  secured  in  the  school  or  out  of  it.  If  the 
home-student  finds  disadvantages  in  pursuing  a  theological 
course  which  his  fellow-candidate  in  the  theological  seminary 
does  not  encounter,  those  disadvantages  ought  to  be  made  the 
measure  of  the  work  required  of  him  beyond  that  required  of 
the  student  in  the  seminary,  so  that  at  least  in  formal  work 
done  both  might  be  equally  prepared  for  their  high  calling. 

It  must  be  conceded  that  there  are  advantages  enjoyed  by  the 
student  in  the  theological  seminary  properly  taking  the  usually 
prescribed  course,  the  equivalent  of  which  he  could  nowhere 
find  as  a  home-student.  These  advantages  make  it  worth  while 
for  the  candidate  to  seek  his  training  in  the  theological  school. 
And  they  make  it  worth  while  for  the  church  to  support  the 
institution,  and  to  see  to  it  that  every  candidate,  with  scarcely 
an  exception,  seek  his  training  in  such  an  institution.  In  our 
own  denomination  a  theological  school  is  maintained  at  an  out- 


107 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

lay  of  considerable  money,  but  the  Church  does  not  demand 
that  her  candidates  for  the  ministry  take  the  course  of  train 
ing  for  which  she  lays  out  her  money.  On  the  one  hand,  she 
pays  her  good  money  for  the  training  of  her  ministry,  and,  on 
the  other,  she  employs  a  large  part  of  the  men  for  whose  train 
ing  she  pays  without  their  having  taken  advantage  of  the  priv 
ileges  already  provided. 

In  this  connection  two  things  are  plainly  evident  to  the 
thoughtful  observer:  1.  A  denomination  numbering  two  hun 
dred  and  fifty  thousand  members  ought  to  send  candidates  to 
her  theological  school -or  schools  in  sufficient  numbers  to  guar 
antee  an  addition  to  her  ministry  of  from  fifty  to  seventy-five 
graduates  every  year.  2.  That  same  denomination  ought  to 
furnish  equipment  to  her  theological  school  or  schools  suffi 
ciently  worthy  of  recognition  to  satisfy  the  reasonable  demands 
of  any  student  loyal  to  the  Church  of  his  choice.  The  General 
Conference,  to  which  this  report  is  made,  can  do  no  one  thing 
of  farther  reaching  importance  than  to  make  such  provision 
as  will  make  possible  the  realization  of  these  two  things.  Let 
us  thank  God  that  we  belong  to  a  denomination  which  has  al 
ways  emphasized  for  its  ministry  the  recognition  of  the  divine 
call.  Let  us  ever  exalt  to  its  proper  place,  the  supreme  place, 
the  vital,  spiritual  union  of  the  minister  with  God.  Of  this  he 
will  take  care  if  we  abide  in  Jesus  Christ.  But  let  us  not  for 
get  the  fact  that  for  a  long  time  we  neglected  to  emphasize  the 
intellectual  side  of  the  minister's  preparation.  And  let  us  see 
in  this  that  it  is  now  high  time  that  we  no  longer  make  this 
mistake.  Let  us  make  golden  vessels  for  the  temple  service. 
Let  us  take  the  vessel  sanctified  by  the  Almighty  and  draw  it 
out  into  an  unblemished  channel  through  which  the  fountains 
of  living  water  may  flow  out  to  the  people  in  streams  of  unob 
structed  blessings.  Let  God  fill  the  heart,  and,  in  accord  with 
the  order  which  he  seems  to  have  established,  let  us  fill  the 
mind.  He  sanctifies.  We  devote  ourselves  to  his  service.  Let 
that  service  be  no  less  than  the  best. 

/ 

THE  BENEFICIARY  WORK. 

The  beneficiary  fund  is  an  important  interest  committed  to 
the  Board.  It  is  intended  to  supplement  the  means  of  students 
preparing  for  the  gospel  ministry,  or  for  special  missionary 
work.  The  statistics  with  reference  to  this  fund  are  given  be 
low,  and  will  show  a  handsome  increase  over  any  preceding 

168 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

quadrennium,  both  as  to  loans  and  as  to  collections.  Tho 
amounts  assessed  to  the  several  conferences  for  this  fund  ag 
gregate  annually  $4,520.  It  must  be  repeated  here  from  the 
report  of  four  years  ago  that  comparatively  few  conferences 
have  seen  fit  to  assess  to  their  several  fields  the  full  amount 
asked  by  the  Board.  The  fund  has  been  increased  during  the 
term  of  four  years  by  conference  collections  to  the  amount  of 
$10,431.21,  and,  by  bequest,  $990.46.  There  are  254  accounts 
•with  beneficiaries  standing  open,  aggregating  $36,300.35  Ac 
counts  canceled  by  death  aggregate  $1,295.40. 


169 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 


REPORT  OF  THE  TREASURER  OF  THE  BENEFICIARY  EDUCATIONAL  FUND  FOR 
THE  QUADRENNIUM  ENDING  APRIL  10,  1905. 

Receipts. 


CONFERENCES. 

Assess 
ments  to 
Confer 
ences. 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

Totals. 

$200  00 
50  00 

$158  40 

$169  15 
16  75 
16  25 

$1S9  80 
15  55 
11  00 

$188  50 
12  50 
9  00 

$705  8 
44  8 
51  7 

40  00 
10  00 
25  00 

15  EO 

L/nicKamauga  

4  00 

5  00 

4  CO 

13  C 

China 

10  00 
25  00 
100  00 
50  €0 
250  00 
30  CO 
350  00 
125  00 

f    1        V>°     R° 

i  60 

71  05 
15  50 
82  31 

6  92 
67  00 
19  50 
112  00 

6  50 
61  15 

14  4 

246  (. 
75  1 
414  c 

47  48 
40  11 
109  00 

111  25 

276  00 
79  20 

270  25 
75  12 

275  00 
66  66 
3  00 

275  00 
75  68 

1,096  : 
296  f 
3( 

Erie  

P       ** 

15  00 
125  00 
125  00 
190  00 
10  00 
10  00 
1000 
160  00 
290  00 
100  00 
50  00 
50  00 
50  00 
50  00 
200  00 
50  00 
50  00 
60  00 
30  00 
30  00 
25  00 
290  CO 
300  00 
175  00 
200  00 
160  00 
100  00 
15  00 

Illinois  

52  00 
21  10 
42  25 

48  95 
2.i  80 
1  90 

51  40 
35  61 
74  20 

39  35 
34  50 
34  10 

191  ' 
117  ( 
152  < 

Lower  Wabash  

39  09 
216  90 
21  03 
21  CO 
5  00 
19  00 
21  5C 
71  50 

71  42 
268  45 
24  50 

18  50 
12  50 
23  81 

56  38 
268  24 
27  00 
16  36 
19  20 
25  00 
23  00 
69  94 

66  00 
237  30 
25  00 
31  70 
25  50 
21  00 
23  75 
65  85 
6  00 
54  55 
40  00 
15  00 
6  90 
9  50 
289  69 
300  00 
137  00 
83  25 
38  75 
38  00 

232,' 

990! 
97  i 
87  ! 
62: 
88! 
68 
284; 
6 
177 
151 
49 
24 
28 
893 
1,306 
589 
352 
131 
78 

Neosho  

67  52 

57  80 
40  00 
11  60 
9  50 
7  00 
198  11 
353  63 
156  99 
92  55 
50  60 
18  00 

65  25 
39  40 
13  35 
8  CO 
8  00 
263  57 
346  50 
166  25 
89  76 
42  25 

32  00 
10  00 

Oklahoma  

Ontario  

4  00 
202  25 
:*5  95 
129  00 
87  35 

Pennsylvania  

Southeast  Ohio  

St.  Joseph  

Upper  Wabash  

22  57 

West  Africa  

West  Nebraska  

30  00 
20  00 
60  00 
185  00 
30  00 

7  OC 

16  50 
50 
32  50 
65  CO 
21  00 

18  25 
2  25 
28  50 
64  60 
21  00 

12  50 

54 

2 
123 
300 

60 

West  Virginia  

32  50 

53  80 

18  00 

3000 
117  35 

White  River.  

Wisconsin  

Totals  

«2,t33  75 
1  330  88 

$2,451  57 

$2,528  17 

$2,553  81 

$9,667 
1,320 

Donations,  subscriptions,  etc.,  including 
April  balance,  1901  

Bequests  and  Legacies  

990  46 

5  CO 
32  25 
2,238  50 

995 
32 
7,985 
158 

Educational  Day  Fund  

1,241  70 

1.860  00 
158  35 

2,645  79 

Miscellaneous  receipts  

Grand  Totals  

$5,199  60 

$5.696  79 

$4,727  32        $4,546  52 

$20,170 

UXITED    BRETHREN    IX   CHRIST 

Expenditures. 


19C2 

1903 

1904 

1905 

Totals. 

$4  846  00 

$4  141  00 

$4  345  CO 

$4  635  00 

$17  967  00 

110  45 

101  59 

111  71 

115  89 

439  64 

39  75 

245  On 

150  00 

150  00 

584  75 

71  34 

110  65 

251  78 

100  99 

534  76 

Balance  in  Treasury  

446  36 

446  36 

Totals  

$5  067  54 

$4  598  24 

$4  858  49 

$5  448  24 

$19,972  51 

Beneficiary  Work  Since  1880. 


YEAE  ENDING 
WITH  APRIL. 

Paid  to 
Beneficiaries. 

Paid  back  by 
Beneficiaries. 

Paid  by 

Conferences. 

Expenses 
Excluding 
Printing. 

Expense  for 
Printing. 

1880  

$300  00 
570  00 
552  00 
445  00 
986  CO 
770  00 
1,270  00 
1,445  00 
2,150  00 
2,452  25 
2,176  50 
2,329  00 
2,130  00 
2.965  00 
2,957  50 
2,832  50 
3,285  TO 
3,050  50 
3,713  00 
3,489  00 
3,552  CO 
4,695  OU 
5,249  CO 
4,085  00 
4,395  00 

$1,485  48 
1,238  SO 
520  49 
648  52 
598  82 
648  52 
1,226  30 
1,280  33 
1,280  94 
1,282  90 
1,472  74 
1,382  71 
1,573  82 
1,538  66 
1,384  41 
1.419  68 
1,450  67 
1,419  18 
1,448  44 
1,904  18 
1,884  06 
2,122  66 
2,702  06 
2,456  57 
2,718  77 
2,553  81 

$79  20 
72  10 
82  92 
J-6  55 
132  00 
70  50 
409  86 
161  OC 
105  10 
107  45 
63  10 
55  75 
67  50 
85  87 
103  35 
64  38 
97  00 
197  85 
197  75 
262  78 
233  82 
295  21 
150  20 
346  59 
261  71 
285  74 

$203  50 
90 
160  00 

1881  

$43  70 
50  00 
117  25 
10  00 
35  CO 
169  45 
455  00 
267  10 
357  00 
1.150  00 
640  00 
1,037  00 
855  02 
1,039  00 
1,637  00 
1,809  00 
1,863  56 
1,785  60 
1,736  75 
2,514  44 
2,462  11 
2,367  09 
2,238  50 
1,860  00 
2,420  79 

1882  

1S83  

1884  

34  CO 

1885  

1886  

133  75 
3  25 

1887  

1888  

1889  

11  00 

100  50 

1890  

1891   

1892  

1893  

23  50 
65  00 
5  50 
116  50 
11  00 
109  46 
25  00 
1  50 
27  65 
71  04 
110  65 
251  78 
171  65 

1894  

1895  

1896  

1897  

1898  

1899  

1900  
1901  

1902   

1903  

1904  

1905  

•4,620  00 

171 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 


THE  DISTRIBUTION  OF  AID  AMONG  THE  CONFERENCES. 

Below  are  given,  for  each  year  of  the  quadrennium,  the  num 
ber  of  beneficiaries  from  the  several  conferences  and  the  aggre 
gate  amounts  loaned  them : 


1901-02 

1902-03 

1903-0  t 

1904-05 

Beneficiaries. 

Amount  Loaned. 

Beueticiaries. 

Amount  Loaned. 

Beneficiaries. 

Amount  Loaned. 

Beneflciaries. 

Amount  Loaned. 

Allegheny  

3 
1 
2 
2 
13 
1 
1 
2 

5 
2 
6 
1 
2 
11 
1 
5 
1 
4 
1 
1 

$180 
40 
125 
74 
1,260 
75 
25' 
155 
3i5: 
150 
365  1 
180! 

i6o: 

1,OK 

70  ; 

ssr, 

35 

aso 

75 
150 

2 
1 
1 
1 
12 

$180 
35 

iro 

100 
1,065 

2 
1 
1 
1 

6 

$125 
150 
15U 
150 
710 

2 

$210 

East  Nebraska     

1 

1 
5 
1 

150 
75 
590 
70 

East  Ohio-  

Eastern  Pennsylvania  

Erie..  

East  Tennessee  

1 

1C 

1 

2 
2 

10 
250 
150 

2 

250 

Iowa  

3 

265 

Kansas  

Miami  .  .. 

4 

1 

250 
75 

4 
1 

1 
9 

520 
75 
75 
710 

5 
1 

545 
125 

Ontario  

Oregon  

6 
1 
4 

6 

540 
75 
275 
465 
135 

8 
1 
5 
9 
1 

675 
50 
49(1 
750 
60 

Northern  Illinois  

Sandusky  ...  

3 
4 

1 
1 
1 
2 
1 
2 
1 
1 
1 

160 
360 
150 
50 
60 
175 
75 
80 
50 
75 
60 

Southeast  Ohio  

Virginia  

West  Virginia   

White  River    

2 
1 
1 
1 

300 
75 
75 
15 

3 

175 

Arkansas  Valley  

St.  Joseph  

2 
2 

220 
110 

Michigan  

Northeast  Kansas  

Ohio  German  

West  Nebraska  

1 

75 

Upper  Wabash  

Totals  

65 

$5,249 

50 

54,085 

49 

$4,370 

50 

$4,620 

172 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 


DISTRIBUTION  OF  AID  AMONG  THE  SCHOOLS. 

In  the  following  table  is  given,  for  each  year  of  the  quad- 
rennium,  the  number  of  beneficiaries  at  the  several  schools  and 
the  aggregate  amounts  loaned  : 


SCHOOLS. 

1901-02 

1902-03 

1903-04 

19U4-05 

Beneficiaries. 

Amount  Loaned. 

Beneficiaries. 

Amount  Loaned. 

Beneficiaries. 

Amount  Loaned. 

Beneficiaries. 

Amount  Loaned. 

36 
9 
12 
1 
1 
B 
1 

$3,550 
484 
760 
75 
50 
305 
25 

24 
10 
9 

$2,600 

63C 

535 

23 
10 
9 
1 
1 
2 
1 

$2,590 
64f 
590 
60 
75 
150 
10 

25 
13 
10 

$2,830 
865 
725 

Lebanon  Valley  College  

3 

1 
1 
1 
1 

150 
10 
75 
50 
30 

1 

150 

1 

150 

1 

!00 

Weatfleld  College  

1 

50 

Totals  

65 

$5,249 

50 

$4,085 

49 

$4,370 

50 

$4,620 

OUR  SCHOOLS. 

The  following  schools  are  recognized  by  the  Board : 

Union  Biblical  Seminary,  Dayton,  Ohio.  Founded  -in  1871. 
Rev.  G.  A.  Funkhouser,  D.  D.,  LL.  D.,  senior  professor. 

Otterbein  University,  Westerville,  Ohio.  Founded,  1847. 
Rev.  L.  Bookwalter,  D.  D.,  president. 

Lebanon  Valley  College,  Annville,  Pennsylvania.  Founded, 
1867.  Rev.  H.  U.  Roop,  Ph.  D.,  LL.  D.,  president. 

Western  College,  Toledo,  Iowa.  Founded,  1856.  Rev.  C.  J. 
Kephart,  D.  D.,  president. 

Westfield  College,  Westfield,  Illinois.  Founded,  1865.  Rev. 
W.  R.  Shuey,  D.  D.,  president. 

Philomath  College,  Philomath,  Oregon.  Founded,  1865. 
Rev.  I.  E.  Caldwell,  A.  M.,  president. 

York  College,  York,  Nebraska.  Founded,  1890.  Rev.  W.  E. 
Schell,  D.  D.,  president. 

Campbell  College,  Holton,  Kansas.  Founded,  1904.  Rev.  P. 
O.  Bonebrake,  D.  D.,  president. 


173 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Edwards  Collegiate  Institute,  White  Pine,  Tennessee. 
Founded,  1877.  Prof.  Eoss  Masters,  principal.  . 

Shenandoah  Collegiate  Institute,  Dayton,  Virginia.  Founded, 
1876.  Rev.  E.  U.  Hoenshel,  principal. 

Sugar  Grove  Seminary,  Sugar  Grove,  Pennsylvania. 
Founded,  1884.  Eev.  M.  R.  Woodland,  principal. 

Washington  Seminary,  Huntsville,  Washington. 

Lawrenceburg  College,  Lawrenceburg,  Tennessee.  Founded, 
1904.  Rev.  J.  F.  Tyler,  D.  D.,  president. 

These  schools  employ  150  professors  and  other  teachers.  At 
present  the  net  total  of  students  in  all  departments  is  2,683. 
There  are  32  buildings,  which,  with  their  grounds,  are  valued 
at  $741,500.  The  value  of  cabinets,  apparatus,  etc.,  is  $28,400. 
Their  libraries  contain  35,700  volumes,  valued  at  $20,600.  The 
total  productive  endowment  is  $194,751,  and  the  available  con 
tingent  assets  are  $80,100.  Total  property,  $1,287,251.  Debts, 
$82,268. 

UNION    BIBLICAL    SEMINARY. 

What  has  been  accomplished  during  the  quadrennium '? 

1.  The  entire  debt  has  been  paid,  which  required  the  amount 
of  $33,267.50,  including  interest. 

2.  The  proceeds  from  the  annual  conferences  have  been  in 
creased  from  $4,116.56  to  $5,438.49  annually.     This  is  a  yearly 
increase  of  $1,321.93. 

3.  There    has    been    added    to    the   productive    endowment 
$4,000.  C.  M.  BROOKE,  Business  Manager. 

OTTERBEIN   UNIVERSITY. 

In  brief,  I  may  say  that  there  has  been  progress  along  all 
lines  during  the  quadrennium.  Financially,  over  $150,000  in 
cash  and  pledges  has  come  to  the  university  since  the  last 
General  Conference.  The  attendance  of  students  has  increased 
steadily,  and  for  the  first  time  this  year  passed  the  four  hun 
dred  mark.  Additional  grounds  have  been  purchased  and  sev 
eral  new  buildings  are  in  prospect.  Westerville  has  been  great 
ly  improved  in  the  past  four  years  by  putting  in  sanitary  sew 
ers,  water  works,  natural  gas  pipes,  and  paving  and  improving 
the  streets.  HENRY  GARST. 

LEBANON  VALLEY  COLLEGE. 

1.  The  organization  of  a  new  and  unique  system  of  studies, 
offering  a  wide  but  consistent  choice  of  electives. 

2.  The  addition  of  five  professors  and  three  instructors. 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

3.  The  introduction  of  laboratory  methods  in  all  of  the  de 
partments  of  scientific  teaching. 

4.  A  large  increase  in  the  attendance  of  students. 

5.  Purchase  of  a  new  athletic  field,  containing  six  acres, 
which  is  enclosed  and  fitted  up  for  all  phases  of  modern  ath 
letics. 

6.  The  erection  and  completion  of  a  new  library  building. 

7.  The  projection  of  a  new  women's  dormitory,  one  of  the 
best  planned  buildings  in  the  State,  now  in  course  of  construc 
tion,  to  be  completed  by  September  1,  1905. 

8.  The  purchase  of  about  -    -  acres  of  ground  contiguous 
to  the  old  campus. 

The  present  policy  is  to  appoint  to  professorships  only  such 
men  as  have  graduate  training.  As  a  result,  the  standard  of 
scholarship  has  been  very  much  raised,  the  atmosphere  of  the 
college  imbued  with  the  best  ideals  of  the  best  institutions  of 
the  country,  and  the  life  of  the  institution  made  as  unique  as 
the  location  is  ideal. 

The  Administration  Building  was  totally  destroyed  by  fire 
December  24.  This  building  contained  the  administrative  of 
fices,  the  recitation  rooms,  the  men's  dormitories,  the  science 
department,  and  the  central  heat  plant. 

Already  plans  have  been  prepared  and  rebuilding  begun.  In 
stead  of  the  one  building  there  will  be  four :  1.  The  Adminis 
tration  Building,  including  all  the  recitation  rooms.  2.  The 
men's  dormitories,  on  the  Oxford  and  Cambridge  system,  pro 
viding  single  suites,  double  suites,  single  and  double  rooms  for 
more  than  one  hundred  students.  3.  A  science  hall,  modern  in 
design,  devoting  one  whole  floor  to  the  physical,  one  to  the 
chemical,  and  another  to  the  biological  laboratories.  4.  A. cen 
tral  heating  and  lighting  plant.  H.  U.  ROOP. 

WESTFIELD  COLLEGE. 

The  college  has  been  favored  with  fair  attendance,  debt  re 
duced,  with  good  outlook  for  increase  of  endowment  ($24,000) 
in  the  near  future.  W.  R.  SHUEY. 

WESTERN  COLLEGE. 

As  to  anything  especial  accomplished  in  the  interest  and 
work  of  this  institution  during  the  quadrennium  just  closing, 
permit  me  to  mention  three  things : 

1.  The  securing  of  money  and  subscriptions  to  pay  the  in 
debtedness  of  the  college,  amounting  to  about  $70,000.  The 

175 


TWENTY-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

debt  has  all  been  actually  paid  but  $14,000.  The  interest  is  paid 
to  date,  and  we  have  subscriptions  considered  good  to  cover 
and  more  than  cover  the  remainder  of  the  debt.  It  has  been 
a  debt-paying  quadrennium  to  Western  College. 

2.  Two  years  ago  Major  Leander  Clark,  of  this  city,  offered 
the  college  $50,000  for  endowment  on  two  conditions  :    (1)  That 
$100,000  more  be  secured  for  the  same  purpose  by  January  1, 
1906.     (2)  That  the  name  of  the  college,  upon  the  completion 
of  this  gift,  be  changed  to  Leander  Clark  College.    It  is  scarce 
ly  proper  to  say  that  Mr.  Clark  made  this  as  a  condition  of  his 
offer.     Several  years  before  the  board  of  trustees  of  the  college 
made  the  offer  that  if  any  would  give  $50,000  to  the  endowment 
of  the  college  he  should  have  the  right  to  name  the  college.  Mr. 
Clark  simply  accepted  the  proposition  of  the  trustees. 

3.  On  April  8  I  received  from  Mr.  Andrew  Carnegie  a  let 
ter  stating  that  he  will  be  glad  to  give  $50,000  to  the  endow 
ment    when    the   remaining   $50,000    is   collected.      Thus    the 
propositions  of  Major  Clark  and  Mr.  Carnegie  combine  into 
one,  to  give  the  college  $100,000  on  condition  that  we  secure 
$50,000.   We  expect  to  do  this,  and  thus  secure  for  the  college 
an  endowment,  which,  while  not  large  as  endowments  are  gen 
erally  considered,  will  put  us  in  condition  to  guarantee  both 
the  life  and  the  growth  of  the  college.     This  will  hardly  be 
completed  by  the  close  of  the  quadrennium,  but  it  will,  we  hope, 
be  well  commenced.  C.  J.  KEPHART. 

YORK   COLLEGE. 

Hulitt  Conservatory,  thirty-six  by  eighty  feet,  of  brick,  four 
floors,  has  been  erected  and  equipped. 

Central  heating  plant  has  been  installed. 

Basement  for  gymnasium,  forty   by  eighty  feet,  has  been 
completed. 

Many  books  have  been  added  to  library.    Apparatus  and  fur 
nishings  have  been  greatly  increased. 

The  city  water  main,  sewer,  and  electric  light  have  been  ex 
tended  to  our  grounds. 

The  total  increase  in  property  available  for  college  purposes, 
as  referred  to  in  above  items,  is  from  $28,000  to  $30,000. 
•  The  yearly  attendance  is  nearly  one  hundred  more  than  four 
years  ago. 

York  College  has  secured  official  recognition  by  the   State 
Department  of  Public  Instruction,  in  consequence  of  which 

176 


Jiisnoi-  T.  C.  CAHTKH,  D.D. 

First  elected  in  1905. 


First 


REV.  W.  R.  FUNK,  D.D. 

Publishing  Agent 
elected  in  1897  Re-elected  in  '01  and  '05 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IX   CHRIST 

graduates  from  our  normal  department  receive   State  certifi 
cates. 

The  reputation  of  York  College  has  been  greatly  enlarged 
and  perfected.  WM.  E.  S«IELL. 

CAMPBELL    COLLEGE. 

During  the  present  quadrennium  our  educational  work  in 
Kansas  and  Oklahoma  has  undergone  a  great  change.  For 
many  years  Lane  University  has  been  our  principal  college  in 
this  territory,  though  at  various  times  spasmodic  efforts  were 
made  to  relocate  it  or  establish  other  schools  to  take  its  place, 
but  all  to  no  avail. 

A  deep-seated  dissatisfaction  had  long  been  felt  with  the 
location  of  Lane  University  at  Lecompton,  and  only  a  half 
hearted  support  was  given  it  by  any  of  the  cooperating  confer 
ences.  It  was  felt  by  those  most  concerned  that  something 
must  be  done  that  we  might  educate  our  own  young  people  and 
offer  them  advantages  equal  to  those  offered  elsewhere.  In 
the  summer  of  1902  definite  action  was  taken  looking  to  the 
relocation  of  Lane  University.  Holton  presented  an  excellent 
opportunity,  and  the  seat  of  our  educational  work  was  removed 
from  Lecompton  to  Holton.  By  this  move  the  Church  came 
into  possession  of  all  of  the  valuable  property  of  Campbell  Uni 
versity,  which  had  a  record  of  twenty-two  years  in  this  very 
beautiful  residence  town  of  about  four  thousand  inhabitants. 

Last  year,  our  first  in  this  place,  Campbell  enrolled  nearly 
four  hundred  students.  We  have  a  strong  faculty,  an  open 
territory,  excellent  facilities,  more  active  sympathy  from  the 
conferences,  and  an  opportunity  such  as  we  seldom  have  for 

SUCCeSS.  P.  O.  BOXEBRAKE. 

SUGAR  GROVE  SEMIXARY. 

Let  me  say  in  reply  to  the  above  that  the  seminary  is  in  very 
much  better  condition  than  four  years  ago.  The  re«itation 
rooms  have  been  repaired,  many  books  added  to  the  library, 
and  about  $10,000  additional  endowment  secured  during  the 
time.  H.  R.  WOODLAXD. 

SHEXAXDOAH    COLLEGIATE   INSTITUTE. 

1.  A  new  $8,000  building  has  been  erected. 

2.  The  attendance  has  been  almost,  if  not  quite  doubled. 

3.  Four  members  have  been  added  to  our  teaching  force. 

4.  The  school  has  grown  steadily  in  favor  with  the  people. 

E.  U.  HOEXSHEL. 

177 

12 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 
EDWARDS   COLLEGIATE  INSTITUTE. 

This  institution  is  striving  to  do  sound  foundation  work  in 
the  great  system  of  Christian  education,  and  to  rise  to  full  col 
legiate  rank  upon  true  merit.  Progress  in  the  almost  indis 
pensable  factor  of  finances  has  been  slow,  and  enlarged  facili 
ties  and  increased  income  are  sorely  needed.  The  field  is  a 
promising  one,  and  the  battle  will  be  kept  up  till  victory 
crowns  the  effort.  Ross  MASTERS. 

LAWRENCEBURG  COLLEGE. 

I  find  this  school  difficult  to  report  correctly  owing  to  its  past 
history  and  its  age  as  a  college.  We  have  had  control  only  a 
very  short  time.  Up  to  that  time  it  was  only  a  secondary  pub 
lic  school  without  any  history,  outside,  perhaps,  the  town's 
limits.  We  have  a  fine  field  here  in  which  to  build  up  a  first- 
class  college.  We  have  a  field  about  one  hundred  by  one  hun 
dred  and  fifty  miles  square  on  which  to  draw  for  students.  We 
aim  to  remodel  the  school  by  next  fall  and  add  a  Bible  depart 
ment  for  ministers.  This  school  will  be  for  our  Southern 
work.  We  trust  to  be  able  to  make  a  creditable  showing  for 
our  next  term.  F.  J.  TYLER. 

OUR    MISSION    SCHOOLS. 

Rufus  Clark  and  Wife  Training  School,  Shenge,  Africa, 
four  native  teachers;  an  attendance  of  101;  property  valued  at 
$9,000.  Albert  Academy,  Freetown,  Africa,  the  attendance  33 ; 
in  rented  property  for  the  present.  One  American  teacher  in 
the  Albert  Academy  and  two  native  assistants. 

W.  M.  BELL. 


RECOMMENDATIONS  OF  THE  BOARD  OF  EDUCATION  TO  THE  GENERAL 
CONFERENCE. 

1.  We  recommend  that  no  letters  of  dismissal  to  another  de 
nomination  be  given  to  any  beneficiary  who  has  not  canceled 
his  obligation  to  the  Board  of  Education. 

2.  That  a  general  secretary  of  the  Board  be  elected,  who 
shall  be  under  the  direction  of  the  Board  of  Education. 

3.  That  no  minister  shall  be  ordained  who  has  not  com 
pleted  the  course  of  study  in  a  standard  high  school  or  acad 
emy,  or  its  equivalent. 

4.  That  we  make  the  chief  feature  of  the  next  quadrennium 

178 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

the  raising  of  one  million  dollars  for  the  endowment  and  equip 
ment  of  our  educational  institutions. 

5.  That  we  endorse  the  action  of  the  executive  committee 
in  publishing  and  sending  out  tracts  on  giving,  and  urge  the 
continuance  of  it,  to  the  end  that  our  people  may  take  the  Lord 
into  partnership  in  their  financial  affairs. 

6.  That    all    students    in    college    or    Seminary,    receiving 
beneficiary  aid  from  the  Board  of  Education,  be  given  one- 
fourth  of  the  amount  as  a  gift,  and  that  notes  be  taken  for  the 
remaining  three-fourths. 

RULES  OF  THE  BOARD  OP  EDUCATION. 

The  Board  of  Education  will  make  loans  from  the  Educa 
tional  Beneficiary  Fund  to  persons  properly  recommended,  who 
are  in  schools  of  our  own  denomination  preparing  for  the  gos 
pel  ministry,  or  for  special  mission  work,  in  accord  with  tJie 
following  rules : 

1.  Applications  for  loans  must  be  made  under  the  forms 
and  provisions  determined  by  the  Board. 

2.  The  student  applying  for  a  loan  must  be  properly  recom 
mended  by  his  annual  conference,  and  by  the  faculty  of  the 
school  in  which  he  is  a  student.    These  recommendations  must 
accompany  each  application  for  a  loan,  and  must  have  been 
given  the  student  within  the  year  preceding  the  date  of  his  ap 
plication. 

3.  Each  loan  must  be  secured  by  a  negotiable,  legal  note 
signed  by  the  beneficiary,  and  bearing  six  per  cent,  interest 
after  maturity. 

•i.  In  no  case  will  a  note  be  made  for  a  longer  term  than 
five  years.  If  for  any  good  reason  the  beneficiary  cannot  pay 
his  note  when  due,  he  may  have  the  time  of  payment  deferred, 
at  the  discretion  of  the  Board,  by  applying  for  extension  of 
time  and  giving  a  new  note,  non-interest-bearing  until  after 
maturity. 

5.  Money  loaned  will  be  paid  to  students  through  some  offi 
cer  of  their  school,  twenty  per  cent,  of  the  loan  for  the  year 
about  the  1st  of  October,  twenty  per  cent,  about  the  1st  of  De 
cember,  twenty  per  cent,  about  the  1st  of  February,  and  the  re 
mainder  about  the  1st  of  April,  when  the  note  specified  under 
rule  three  shall  be  given. 

6.  Loans  will  not  be  promised  when  there  is  no  money  in  the 
treasury.     Should   the  aggregate  loans  voted  beneficiaries   in 

179 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

any  year  exceed  the  total  amount  available  within  the  year,  the 
Board  will  at  its  discretion  reduce  or  cancel  amounts  so  voted 
as  loans. 

7.  The  amount  to  be  loaned  to  any  student  in  any  year,  or 
in  any  number  of  years,  is  determined  by  the  Board,  and  may 
be  made  to  vary  at  the  discretion  of  the  Board.    Unless  the  case 
is  an  extraordinary  one,  the  loan  to  a  member  of  the  senior 
class  in  college  shall  not  exceed  $80;  to  a  junior,  $75,  to  a 
sophomore,  $70;  to  a  freshman,  $65.     To  a  college  graduate 
who  is  pursuing  a  course  in  the  theological  Seminary,  the  loan 
shall  not  exceed  $150.    To  others  in  the  theological  Seminary, 
loans  may  be  made  corresponding  in  amount  to  that  to  which 
their  class  standing  would  entitle  them,  as   indicated  above, 
were  they  students  in  a  college.     Experience  in  the  pastorate 
\vill  be  regarded  as  equivalent  to  college  work,  at  the  discretion 
of  the  Board. 

8.  Any  loans  made  in  excess  of  sums  stated  in  rule  seven 
shall  be  regarded  as  short  loans,  and  shall  be  made  payable  by 
October  1,  following  the  date  of  such  short  loans,  so  that  the 
money  may  be  available  for  the  use  of  students  in  the  follow 
ing  year. 

9.  Loans  may  be  canceled  by  the  Board  on  account  of  the 
death  of  the  beneficiary,  or  for  any  other  reason  upon  which 
the  Board  agrees. 

10.  The  note  required  in  rule  three  shall  be  given  for  three- 
fourths  of  the  amount  voted  to  any  beneficiary.     The  remain 
ing  one-fourth  of  the  amount  shall  be  given  as  a  gift. 

11.  If  for  an  reason  a  beneficiary  does  not  enter  the  active 
ministry  of  the  Church  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ,  the 
entire  amount  of  his  loan  or  loans,  whether  legally  due  or  not, 
shall  be  due  and  payable  at  the  date  of  the  first  meeting  of  his 
annual  conference  after  his  leaving  school.     "School"  is  to  be 
regarded  as  a  school  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ.     This 
item  is  applicable  whether  the  beneficiary  is  in  another  school 
or  not. 

12.  The    beneficiary    shall    regard   himself,    within    proper 
limits,  as  under  the  direction  of  the  Board  of  Education. 

13.  At  the  discretion  of  the  Board,  payment  may  be  with 
held  on  account  of  unworthy  conduct  on  the  part  of  the  bene 
ficiary,  or  for  any  other  reason. 

14.  These  rules  shall  constitute  the  contract  between  the 


180 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Board  of  Education  of  the  Church  of  the  United  Brethren  in 
Christ  and  the  beneficiary  who  receives  a  loan  or  loans. 

15.  The  signature  of  the  beneficiary  shall  be  affixed  to  a 
copy  of  these  rules,  by  which  signature  he  binds  himself  to  ob 
serve  every  requirement  stated  in  any  one  of  these  rules  and  in 
all  of  them. 

I  agree  to  the  provisions  of  these  rules. 
Date IName  of  applicant 


DR.  E.  B.  BIERMAN,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  move 
that  the  report  be  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  the  motion.  All  in  favor 
indicate  by  saying  aye.  Contrary,  no.  It  is  so  referred. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Will  you  now  hear  the  report  of  the  Young 
People's  Society? 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

REV.  J.  G.  HUBER,  of  Miami  Conference.  It  is  not  printed,  Brother 
Bishop. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Then  read  it. 

Rev.  J.  G.  Huber,  president  of  the  Young  People's  Christian  Union,, 
read  the  report  as  follows : 

REPORT  OF  THE  PRESIDENT  OF  THE  Y.  P.  C.   U. 

To  the  General  Conference,  Greeting. 

Twelve  years  ago,  at  the  session  of  the  General  Conference  at  Day 
ton,  Ohio,  the  Young  People's  Christian  Union  was  adopted  as  one 
of  the  organized  departments  of  our  Church  work. 

Its  growth  since  that  time  has  been  marked,  and  it  now  holds  a 
position  of  choice  blessing  and  usefulness. 

NUMERICAL    STRENGTH. 

We  find  the  statistics  of  the  Union  difficult  to  gather  with  ac 
curacy.  A  careful  examination  of  the  various  conference  minutes, 
which  afford  our  most  reliable  source  of  information,  presents  a 
total  of  1,430  Senior  societies,  with  a  membership  of  55,396,  and  516 
Junior  societies,  with  a  membership  of  22,525,  making  a  combined  en 
rollment  of  77,921.  Adding  to  this  list  the  new  societies  organized 
since  September  1,  we  would  report  as  reliably  accurate  a  total  of 
1,491  Senior  and  527  Junior  societies,  a  total  of  2,018  societies,  with 
a  membership  of  80,131. 

181 


TWENTY-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 
AIMS  AND  PRINCIPLES. 

The  motto  of  the  Union  tersely  declares  its  splendid  aim,  "For  the 
glory  of  God  and  the  salvation  of  men."  The  salvation  of  the  young, 
their  development  in  character  and  the  graces  of  the  Spirit,  their 
training  in  the  use  of  the  Bible  and  in  Christian  service,  their  private 
devotions  and  exercise  in  public  prayer  and  testimony,  their  increased 
intelligence  in  the  affairs  of  the  Church  and  consequent  loyalty  to  all 
of  its  interests;  in  short,  to  produce  better  Christians,  better  church 
members,  better  workers,  better  citizens;  these  are  a  few  of  its  chief 
aims,  and  to  a  high  degree  they  have  been  realized. 

We  are  pleased  with  the  stress  placed  on  personal  evangelism  in 
many  quarters,  particularly  in  one  Branch,  where  a  number  of  work 
ers'  bands  have  been  organized. 

Pastors  everywhere  need  to-day  a  vision  of  the  possible  helpfulness 
of  the  society  in  the  local  church,  and  should  hold  up  to  the  young 
people  ideals  and  examples  of  activity,  and  open  to  them  doors  of 
service,  thus  stimulating  them  in  the  Master's  work. 

MINISTERS    AND    MISSIONARIES. 

The  Church  must  look  to  the  ranks  of  the  young  people  for  its 
supply  of  ministers  and  missionaries.  The  small  number  offering 
themselves  for  these  high  callings  is  cause  for  anxiety  not  only  in  our 
own,  but  in  other  denominations  and  lands.  The  great  Presbyterian 
Church  in  this  country  has  in  very  recent  years  suffered  a  decline  of 
many  hundred  applicants  for  the  ministry.  A  few  months  ago,  when 
Mr.  John  R.  Mott  was  in  England,  making  a  tour  of  evangelism  in  col 
leges  and  universities,  he  was  called  into  seven  different  conferences 
with  eminent  church  leaders  to  advise  on  how  to  get  men  of  ability  to 
enter  the  ministry. 

As  the  increased  equipment  of  Union  Biblical  Seminary  will  likely 
come  before  this  body  for  consideration,  should  not  the  need  of  capa 
ble  and  consecrated1  persons  for  these  high  callings  also. engage  our 
thought  and  prayers. 

It  is  imperative  that  our  young  people  be  saved  from  the  avarice 
and  materialism  of  this  age  and  their  minds  directed  to  spiritual  ac 
tivities. 

YOUNG    PEOPLE    AND    MISSIONS. 

We  are  highly  gratified  with  the  deepening  interests  in  missions 
during  this  quadrennium.  Hundreds  of  our  young  people  have  been 
enrolled  in  mission-study  classes  in  connection  with  the  great  inter 
denominational  Young  People's  Missionary  Movement.  This  work 
will  yield  a  rich  harvest  in  the  future. 

Our  gifts  have  been  constantly  increasing  in  this  direction.  The 
Union  through  its  Branches  is  now  supporting  three  of  our  ablest 
foreign  missionaries  at  an  expense  of  $1,500  annually,  and  of  native 

182 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

workers  at  a  cost  of  $1,100  annually.  The  latest  conference  minutes 
tabulate  as  a  total  of  Y.  P.  C.  U.  for  missions,  $6,976. 

We  are  persuaded  that  many  hundreds  more  have  been  interested  in 
building  mission  churches  of  which  we  have  no  record. 

The  last  three  anniversary  offerings  have  been  distinctly  mission 
ary.  Two  years  ago  $550  was  given  by  the  General  Union  on  the 
mission  debt.  Last  year  the  offering  reached  $770,  and  with  it  a 
much-needed  and  handsome  chapel  was  built  in  Porto  Rico.  This 
year  we  hope  to  secure  $1,000  for  the  erection  of  a  chapel  in  Funi- 
bashi,  Japan. 

Our  ideal  is  that  every  Branch  should  place  on  the  hearts  of  its 
young  people  some  specific  home  or  foreign  missionary  project  for 
their  support,  and  also  each  year  a  generous  anniversary  contribu 
tion  be  given  by  each  local  society  to  some  definite  enterprise  named 
by  the  General  Union. 

CONVENTIONS. 

Our  conventions  are  seasons  of  grace  and  schools  of  instruction. 
The  glitter  and  excessive  enthusiasm  of  former  years  may  be  lacking, 
but  of  their  increased  solidity,  definite  purpose,  and  value  there  can 
be  no  doubt. 

At  the  Canton  Biennial  of  1902  the  observance  of  the  Quiet  Hour 
and  personal  service  were  particularly  emphasized.  At  the  great 
Winona  convention  of  last  June  evangelism  and  missions  claimed  the 
largest  attention.  This  Biennial  was  notable  for  a  greatly  increased 
attendance,  for  effective  addresses  by  Dr.  J.  Wilbur  Chapman,  Robert 
Speer,  L.  D.  Wishard,  and  for  the  phenomenal  outpouring  of  the 
Spirit  of  God  on  the  convention  Sabbath. 

Branch  conventions  as  held  in  the  conferences  should  have  the 
heartiest  encouragement  of  pastors  and  people,  as  they  afford  oppor 
tunity  for  fellowship,  discussion  of  methods  of  work,  and  promote 
the  organization  of  societies  in  all  the  local  churches.  Branch  organ 
izations  and  conventions  are  really  invaluable  in  maintaining  the  in 
terest  and  enthusiasm  and  pushing  advance  movements  of  the  Union. 

LITERATURE. 

Frequent  articles  on  society  problems  from  members  of  the  council 
and  others  appear  in  the  columns  of  our  Church  organs.  The  services 
of  these  officers  are  gratuitous,  and  their  time  and  energies  are  de 
voted  so  wholly  in  other  channels  as  to  prevent  our  growing  an  ex 
tension  expert  literature. 

The  leaflets  published  in  the  interests  of  the  Junior  department,  and 
a  helpful  Junior  training  course,  have  had  a  wide  and  beneficial  cir 
culation. 

The  Watchword  has  enjoyed  a  remarkable  advance  during  this 
quadrennium.  Its  circulation  has  bounded  in  these  four  years  from 
20,500  to  38,000.  We  take  it  that  it  is  now  safely  on  a  paying  basis, 

183 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

and  the  ghost  of  its  discontinuance  no  longer  need  shadow  us.  Its 
modification  to  meet  the  wants  of  Sunday-school  readers  has  likely 
not  strengthened  it  as  a  Young  People's  paper,  but  its  wider  circula 
tion  and  reading  makes  compensation  for  the  slight  change  in  its  mat 
ter.  We  still  claim  the  Watchword  as  our  organ,  and  feel  proud  of 
its  clean  and  vigorous  editorial  work.  We  are  further  gratified  with 
its  fascinating  setting  forth  of  the  institutions  and  movements  of  the 
Church  and  land  by  means  of  high-class  illustrated  articles. 

The  bright  and  elaborate  Year-Book  of  1904  also  presented  the  de 
partments  of  the  Union  in  a  most  comprehensive  and  satisfactory 
manner. 

BIBLE    STUDY    AND    CHRISTIAN    STEWARDSHIP. 

Short  courses  in  Bible  study  have  been  presented  in  the  Watchword 
from  time  to  time  by  the  superintendent  of  the  Bible-Study  Depart 
ment,  and  have  doubtless  been  used1  with  profit  by  many.  Kecently 
a  column  has  been  opened  outlining  a  continuous  course  of  reading 
through  the  New  Testament,  with  brief  comments  on  each  chapter,  by 
the  president  of  the  Union.  More  than  1,600  persons  have  sent  in 
their  names  as  daily  readers. 

The  subject  and  duty  of  Christian  stewardship  of  money,  while  not 
advocated  so  constantly  in  the  Watchword  as  in  former  years,  still 
holds  its  place  in  the  departments  of  the  Union  and  is  pressed  upon 
our  youth  at  all  our  conventions. 

The  wisdom  of  the  plan  of  organization  adopted  by  the  leaders  of 
this  movement  in  our  denomination  in  uniting  all  Young  People's 
societies  of  whatever  name  into  one  general  union  has  been  fully  vin 
dicated  by  the  experience  of  the  past  fifteen  years.  The  freedom 
given  to  individual  societies  to  identify  themselves  with  the  United 
Society  of  Christian  Endeavor  has  been  a  happy  solution  of  our  rela 
tion  to  this  great  body. 

We  rejoice  in  the  inspiration  of  world-wide  fellowship  enjoyed  by 
many  societies  through  affiliation  with  Christian  Endeavor.  We 
would,  however,  reaffirm  that  such  affiliation  is  never  interpreted 
either  by  the  Union  of  Christian  Endeavor  as  a  severing  of  connec 
tion  with  our  denominational  organization  and  interests. 

Our  great  purposes  are  loyalty  to  Christ  and  the  Church,  a  society 
in  every  congregation,  Personal  Workers'  Bands  and  Mission-Study 
Classes,  our  Juniors  for  the  Savior,  the  Morning  Watch  with  the 
Bible,  and  the  whole  tithe  for  the  Lord. 

A.  H.  LAUGHBAUM,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  I  move  that  it  be  re 
ferred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is  to  refer  to  the  appropriate 
committee.  All  favoring  say  aye.  Contrary,  no.  It  is  agreed  to  and 
is  so  referred. 

184 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER.    I  move  we  do  now  adjourn. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is  on  adjournment.  Are  there 
any  announcements  ? 

Several  of  the  chairmen  announced  meetings  of  their  respective 
committees,  and  the  pastor,  Rev.  Mr.  Crites,  again  announced  the 
services  to  be  held  in  the  evening,  and  also  the  season  tickets  for  the 
course  of  entertainments. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is  on  adjournment.  All  favor 
ing  it,  indicate  the  same  by  saying  aye.  Contrary,  no.  It  is  agreed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  will  ask  Rev.  Dr.  Spencer,  editor  of  the 
Central  Christian  Advocate,  to  pronounce  the  benediction. 


THIRD  DAY— MORNING  SESSION. 

SATURDAY,  May  13,  1905,  8 :  30  A.  M. 

Bishop  G.  M.  Mathews  in  the  chair. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Conference  will  please  come  to  order.  Pro 
fessor  J.  II.  Ruebush,  of  Virginia,  will  conduct  the  song-service. 

PROFESSOR  RUEBUSH.    We  will  sing  No.  191,  "No,  Not  One." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Dr.  D.  P.  Baker,  of  East  Tennessee  Con 
ference,  will  conduct  the  devotional  services.  We  will  now  proceed 
with  the  singing. 

Rev.  D.  P.  Baker  then  read  the  fifteenth  chapter  of  John,  "I  am  the 
true  vine,"  etc.  The  devotional  services  closed  with  singing  No.  86, 
"Fill  Me  Now." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  now  hear  the  reading  of  the  jour 
nal  of  yesterday's  proceedings. 

Secretary  Snyder  read  the  minutes  of  both  sessions  of  yesterday. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  the  reading  of  the  journal 
of  yesterday's  proceedings.  Are  there  any  corrections  ? 

A  VOICE.  Dr.  Spencer  is  editor  of  the  Central  Christian  Advocate 
and  not  of  the  Western. 

REV.  GEORGE  P.  HOTT,  of  Virginia  Conference.  In  the  beginning  of 
the  minutes,  I  find  it  convenient  that  the  day  of  the  week  be  given, 
instead  of  the  number  of  the  day.  Instead  of  the  first  day,  second  day, 

185 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

or  third  day  make  it  read  Wednesday,  Thursday,  Friday,  Saturday, 
and  so  on.  I  believe  it  is  helpful  to  give  the  day. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  If  there  are  no  other  corrections,  the  min 
utes  will  stand  as  read  and  corrected. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  According  to  the  new  rules,  the  first  thing 
in  order  will  be  the  calling  of  the  roll  of  conferences  alphabetically, 
at  which  time  may  be  presented  petitions,  memorials,  appeals,  and 
any  business  pertaining  to  the  annual  conferences.  The  memorials 
shall  have  upon  them  the  name  of  the  one  who  presents  the  memorial 
and  the  conference  from  which  the  memorial  comes,  and  the  number 
of  petitioners  with  the  subject  to  which  it  relates  indicated  upon  the 
back  of  the  paper.  It  shall  then  be  referred  to  the  proper  committee. 
Now,  beginning  with  the  first  conference  and  going  through  alpha 
betically,  you  will  have  the  opportunity  to  present  memorials,  appeals, 
or  any  business  pertaining  to  the  Conference.  The  secretary  will 
proceed  with  the  calling  of  the  roll  of  conferences. 

The  secretary  called  the  roll  of  conferences  alphabetically. 

REV.  J.  H.  WALLS,  of  Indiana  Conference.  I  have  a  memorial 
which  I  wish  to  present  to  Committee  No.  17. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Unless  there  is  objection,  the  communica 
tion  will  be  so  referred.  It  is  so  referred. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  have  a  memorial 
passed  unanimously  at  our  last  session  of  the  annual  conference,  to 
refer  to  the  committee  having  in  charge  the  expenses  of  the  next  Con 
ference. 

This  memorial  was  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

Rev.  C.  U.  McKee,  of  Northwest  Kansas  Conference,  presented  a 
memorial  for  the  stationing  of  preachers  for  the  annual  conferences. 
This  was  referred  to  the  Committee  on  Government  of  the  Church. 

Rev.  J.  W.  Schofield,  of  Ontario  Conference,  presented  a  memorial 
to  the  General  Conference  from  his  conference  on  the  subject  of 
church  union.  Referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

Rev.  R.  M.  Zuck,  of  Upper  Wabash  Conference,  presented  a  me 
morial  which  was  referred  to  the  Committee  on  Boundaries. 

Rev.  George  P.  Hott,  of  Virginia  Conference,  presented  a  resolu 
tion  relating  to  the  appointment  of  a  committee  to  consist  of  annual 
conference  secretaries  for  the  purpose  of  providing  suitable  blanks 
for  pastors'  annual  reports  and  blank  charts. 

186 


UXITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Rev.  D.  L.  Doub,  of  Oklahoma  Conference,  presented  a  resolution 
on  moral  reform. 

These  resolutions  were  referred  to  the  appropriate  committees. 

E.  S.  LORENZ,  of  Miami  Conference.  I  have  a  resolution  which  I 
should  like  to  bring:  before  the  Conference,  the  purpose  of  which  will 
appear  when  I  read  it. 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

Resolved,  That  the  various  committees  on  revision  of  the  Discipline 
be  and  are  hereby  instructed  to  substitute  the  words  "conference  su 
perintendent"  for  the  words  "presiding  elder,"  and  "general  superin 
tendent"  for  the  word  "bishop"  wherever  these  words  now  occur  in  the 
Discipline. 

P.  M.  CAMP. 

D.  D.  LOWERY. 

V.  W.  OVERTON. 

M.  E.  DRURY. 
G.  D.  GOSSARD. 
J.  E.  SHANNON. 
ELI  GOOD. 
A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  That  will  be  referred  to  the  appropriate 
committee — the  Committee  on  Superintendency. 

E.  S.  LORENZ.  I  beg  pardon.  That  should  be  referred  to  several 
committees ;  it  is  not  simply  for  the  Committee  on  Superintendency, 
but  for  the  committees  which  have  any  section  of  the  Discipline  where 
this  occurs ;  therefore  I  make  this  suggestion. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  This  seems  to  be  anticipating  a  good  deal 
in  view  of  the  legislation  and  the  discussions  growing  out  of  the  prop 
ositions,  but  the  resolution  will  be  referred  to  the  appropriate  com 
mittees  instead  of  to  the  one  committee. 

DR.  A.  C.  WILMORE,  of  White  Eiver  Conference.  I  rise  to  a  point 
of  order.  I  think  the  resolution  is  unconstitutional  from  the  fact  that 
the  word  "bishop"  is  in  our  constitution,  and  I  do  not  think  that  this 
General  Conference,  unless  it  submits  an  amendment  to  the  Church, 
can  change  the  word  "bishop"  to  "superintendent"  when  it  relates  to 
the  bishops  in  office.  You  can  do  so  as  far  as  the  presiding  elder  is 
concerned,  but  not  so,  far  as  the  word  "bishop"  is  concerned. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  point  is  well  taken,  but  it  will  be  dis 
cussed  by  the  appropriate  committees. 

187 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Professor  Mark  Keppel,  of  California  Conference,  offered  a  resolu 
tion  pertaining  to  Section  2,  sub-division  2  of  the  Discipline,  relating 
to  the  number  of  delegates  that  should  be  elected  to  the  General  Con 
ference.  This  was  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

REV.  GEORGE  P.  HOTT,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  have  a  word  as  to 
this  resolution  asking  for  the  appointment  of  a  committee  to  formu 
late  blanks  for  pastors'  annual  reports  and  for  the  annual  conferences 
throughout.  I  do  not  know  what  committee  it  should  go  to,  or  what 
power  they  would  have  in  complying  with  this  request. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  That  will  be  referred  to  the  Committee  on 
Formulas.  Rev.  J.  R.  Chambers,  of  Neosho  Conference,  is  chairman 
of  the  committee. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  there  any  more  papers  to  present?  I 
linger  now,  because  these  papers  ought  to  be  in  the  hands  of  the  vari 
ous  committees  to  be  considered  and  be  crystalized  into  some  action. 

Mr.  S.  F.  Huber,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference,  presented  a  resolu 
tion  requesting  the  General  Conference  to  give  official  recognition  to 
the  Quincy  Orphanage  and  Home,  located  at  Quincy,  Pennsylvania. 
This  was  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

Rev.  C.  W.  Brewbaker,  president  of  the  Christian  Stewardship  Com 
mission,  read  the  report  of  the  Commission. 

REPORT   OF   CHRISTIAN    STEWARDSHIP   COMMISSION. 

The  problem  of  finances  is  one  with  which  the  Church  has  had  to 
deal  ever  since  her  beginning,  and  one  which  still  consumes  ,much 
time  and  creates  considerable  anxiety.  Recent  years,  however,  teach 
us  that  the  most  successful  way  to  solve  this  great  problem  is  to  in 
telligently  acquaint  the  people  with  this  important  question,  using 
the  Word  of  God  as  the  basis  for  instruction,  and  to  have  them  prac 
tice  the  Bible  method  of  giving. 

We  must  teach  that  Christian  giving  is  a  divine  grace  as  much  as 
is  praying,  and  can  be  cultivated  in  one's  life,  and  thus  help  beautify 
character.  It  is  the  miser  who  is  banished  from  society.  His  very 
being  has  become  odious  because  of  the  awful  grasp  the  sin  of  greed 
has  upon  him.  There  is  nothing  so  repulsive  in  a  man  as  stinginess. 
The  grace  of  giving  springs  from  love.  "For  God  so  loved  the  world, 
that  he  gave  his  only  begotten  Son''  (John  3: 16).  Hence  this  grace 
should  be  cultivated:  (1)  Because  it  is  biblical;  (2)  because  it  is 
reasonable;  (3)  because  of  what  is  means  to  one's  life  and  character. 
Everybody  should  learn  to  give  as  God  prospers  him. 

In  submitting  this  report,  it  is  due  the  Commission  to  state : 

1.     That  the  Commission  was  handicapped   by  the   fact  that  the 

188 


UNITED    BRETHREN'    IN    CHRIST 

General  Y.  P.  C.  U.  had  officially  taken  up  the  matter  of  tithing  and 
systematic  giving,  and  that  there  was  also  another  commission  ap 
pointed  by  the  General  Conference  to  act  in  the  same  capacity,  be 
sides  the  Educational  Board  of  the  Church  was  advertising  tracts  for 
free  distribution.  It  was  a  difficult  thing  to  know  just  what  our 
sphere  of  action  should  be. 

2.  During  the  quadrennium  one  book,  "Getting  and  Giving,"  writ 
ten  by  Dr.  W.  M.  Weekley,  was  issued  under  the  auspices  of  the  Com 
mission.     This  volume  is  a  very  clear  and  reasonable  treatise  on  the 
subject,  and  has  had  a  splendid  circulation  within  and  out   of  the 
Church.     It  has  been  highly  commended,  and  undoubtedly  is  doing 
great  good  for  Christ  and  the  Church.     It  is  hoped  that  all  of  our 
pastors  will  urge  its  distribution  and  sale. 

3.  Plans   were   also    matured    looking   toward    the    publishing    of 
tracts  and  leaflets  for  general  distribution.     We  are  confident  that 
there  is  a  field  for  work  in  this  line,  and  trust  that  such  plans  may  be 
laid  for  the  future,  that  a  united  effort  may  be  made  in  bringing  this 
important  and  vital  question  in  an  intelligent  way  before  the  entire 
Church.  Respectfully  submitted, 

C.  W.  BREWBAKER,  President. 
WM.  M.  BELL. 

The  report  was  referred  to  the  Committee  on  Christian  Stewardship. 
Mr.  S.  E.  Kumler,  secretary  of  the  Committee  on  Order  of  Business, 
made  the  following  report : 

Your  Committee  on  Order  of  Business  beg  to  recommend  that,  after 
the  completion  of  the  general  reports,  the  following  committees  shall 
be  called  and  their  reports  heard  in  the  order  named : 

No.  25,  On  Christian  Stewardship. 

No.  2,  On  Credentials. 

No.  23,  On  Circulation  of  the  Bible. 

No.  20,  On  Formulas. 

We  also  recommend  that  an  early  adjournment  be  taken,  at  not 
later  than  eleven  o'clock,  in  order  that  the  committees  may  have  time 
to  complete  their  work  without  delay. 

A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  Chairman. 

The  report  was  adopted. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  Bishop  Castle  has  very  kindly  and 
tenderly  requested  the  privilege  to  address  the  Conference,  and  I  am 
sure  we  will  grant  the  privilege  to  him,  as  it  is  his  right  to  have  it. 

BISHOP  CASTLE.  I  rise  to  this  question  of  privilege  at  this  early  mo 
ment  because  I  want-  to  free  the  Conference,  if  it  may  be  so,  from  any 
embarrassment  whatever  in  the  work  that  it  has  in  hand. 

189 


TWENTY-FOURTH  GENERAL  CONFERENCE 

BISHOP  CASTLE'S  REQUEST  FOR  RETIREMENT  FROM  THE  DUTIES  OF  BISHOP. 
To  the  General  Conference. 

DEAR  AND  HONORED  BRETHREN:  It  is  with  profound  gratitude  to 
God  that  I  accept  the  privilege  of  addressing  another  personal  word  to 
you  as  a  Conference  ere  you  cast  the  ballot  for  the  representatives 
and  leaders  in  the  general  work  of  the  Church  for  another  quadren- 
nium.  Four  years  ago  you  allowed  me  a  personal  word,  which  f^vor 
I  greatly  appreciated.  I  thought  then  I  would  not  be  in  another 
General  Conference.  The  shadowy  form  that  walked  near  me  four 
years  ago  has  not  changed,  only  to  walk  still  nearer. 

Looking  up  the  records  recently  of  some  important  events,  to  me,  in 
my  life,  I  find  that  it  will  soon  be  fifty  years  since  I  was  converted 
and  joined  the  United  Brethren  Church.  It  is  now  nearly  forty-nine 
years  since  I  was  granted  my  first  license  by  the  quarterly  conference. 
The  coming  September  it  will  be  forty-seven  years  since  I  united  with 
St.  Joseph  Annual  Conference,  which  relationship  I  am  still  per 
mitted  to  retain.  Aside  from  the  things  named,  my  life  has  never 
been  what  may  be  called  eventful.  My  first  annual  conference  license 
was  signed  by  Bishop  Lewis  Davis,  and  my  ordination  was  by  Bishop 
Markwood.  My  first  circuit  was  in  Northern  Indiana,  consisting  of 
twenty-four  appointments,  which  I  filled  every  four  weeks,  receiving 
a  salary  of  $62.  The  year  I  set  up  housekeeping  I  received  $160.  You 
see  I  began  under  the  old  regime,  when  circuits  were  circuits,  and 
salary  was  quarterage.  Scarcely  any  preacher  shunned  circuit  work 
in  those  days.  Indeed  we  were  glad  to  get  any  kind  of  a  work,  how 
ever  poor.  We  did  not  have  much  to  give,  and  we  did  not  expect  much 
in  return.  The  times  were  not  exacting1. 

The  people  were  plain,  living  very  simple  lives.  They  were  gener 
ally  satisfied  with  the  preacher  sent  to  them.  Preaching  then  with  us 
was  very  largely  in  schoolhouses  and  private  dwellings.  Great  meet 
ings  were  often  held  in  barns. 

But  things  have  changed;  in  charity  and  candor,  it  must  be  said, 
changed  for  the  better.  To-day  we  have  the  church-house,  the  manse, 
the  college,  and  the  seminary.  These  mean  much  to  the  ministry  and 
the  church.  The  average  minister  of  thirty  and  forty  years  ago 
would  not  do  for  this  day.  Men  are  "running  to  and  fro,  and  knowl 
edge  is  increasing."  Xew  ways  and  new  thoughts  characterize  the 
times.  Xew  work  and  new  methods  obtain,  and  there  must  be  new 
brains  and  new  hands  to  think  these  thoughts  and  do  this  work.  The 
older  must  give  place  to  the  newer  and  the  younger.  The  one  can  be 
warmly  and  happily  pushed  a  little  aside  by  the  behest  of  the  years 
to  make  way  for  the  other  with  younger  and  quicker  hands.  All  that 
is  good  of  the  old  must  be  clung  to,  but  most  generous  welcome  must 
be  given  to  the  new.  Everything  is  growing  newer  and  brighter.  As 
individuals  and  as  a  Church  we  must  face  and  head  that  way.  We 
cannot  fight  the  inevitable.  We  must  accept  the  verdict  of  the  years. 

190 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN   CHRIST 

To  be  true  to  my  convictions  and  sense  of  propriety  I  must  again  re 
new  my  request  of  four  years  ago,  that  I  be  left  without  official  re 
sponsibility,  and  that  some  younger,  more  vigorous,  and  efficient  man 
be  elected  in  my  stead. 

I  am  facing  what  comes  to  all  persons  in  official  position  sooner  or 
later,  that  of  retiring  from  active  life.  I  think  I  ought  not,  for  the 
Church's  good,  to  longer  bear  the  responsibilities  of  an  effective  bishop. 
I  grant  the  seriousness  of  the  decision,  but  I  admit  its  righteousness. 

I  think  one  of  the  most  painful  things  I  have  ever  had  to  do  as  a 
bishop  was  to  be  a  party  to  relegate  old  men  to  retirement,  especially 
when  without  means  of  support ;  one  hour  having  something  of  a 
warm  and  happy  position,  the  next  hour  turned  upon  roads  and  ways 
of  uncertainty  and  destitution.  There  are  men  in  this  General  Con 
ference  that  have  a  growing  feeling  of  what  I  mean.  I  think  the 
saddest  face  I  ever  looked  into  was  a  friend  of  mine  that  had  come  to 
this  place.  The  remark  made  at  the  time  was  one  I  shall  never  forget, 
"Brethren,  you  turn  me  out  without  money  enough  in  my  pocket  to 
buy  my  supper."  You  know  the  supper  is  the  last  meal.  It  seemed 
almost  literally  true  in  this  case.  He  soon  passed  into  the  beyond.  He 
was  a  number  of  times  in  the  General  Conference. 

In  the  last  four  years  I  have  faced  a  condition  of  want,  sacrifice, 
and  heroism  upon  the  part  of  others  that  has  made  me  thoughtful, 
thankful,  and  solicitous;  thoughtful  as  to  how  the  Church  can  pro 
vide  a  better  support,  thankful  for  men  of  such  loyalty  to  their  call 
ing,  solicitous  as  to  the  evening  time  of  these  servants.  Many  an  old 
man  stands  in  the  growing  and  deepening  shadows  of  this  on-coming 
night  with  deep  emotion.  He  cannot  help  the  bitterness  of  the  hour. 
The  hour  is  dark  and  the  winds  are  wild.  This  remark  is  not  to  be 
construed  as  at  all  personal,  but  I  do  ask  that  the  Church  more  and 
more  provide  for  the  maintenance  and  comfort  of  its  superannuated 
ministers  and  their  families.  Ministers  are  the  most  generous  class 
of  men  the  church  has.  Out  of  and  in  proportion  to  what  they  have 
they  give  largely.  To  avoid  the  temptation  to  regret  this  when  days 
of  dependence  come,  let  the  Church  provide,  in  all  cases  of  worthy 
dependence,  a  generous  living  for  this  evening  hour. 

Being  quite  well  on  towards  the  seventy-year  line,  I  think  I  am  pre 
pared  for  Professor  Osier's  treatment  of  old  men — official  chloro 
forming. 

On  taking  leave  of  this  high  office,  I  want  to  express  my  high  ap 
preciation  of  my  associates  in  office,  and  my  gratitude  to  the  Church 
for  its  forbearance,  kindness,  and  support  through  all  these  years  of 
my  official  career. 

I  can  say  in  this  review  that  I  have  loved  my  brethren  and  my  work 
very  fervently.  The  office  of  a  bishop  puts  one  into  a  very  tender  and 
delicate  relationship  with  his  fellow-men.  I  have  tried  to  be  free  from 
bias,  partisan  friendship,  jealousy,  and  antipathy  in  my  official  work. 
I  have  tried  to  be  a  brother,  and  to  appreciate  the  meritorious  in  every 

191 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

one  that  I  have  had  association  with.  I  have  tried  not  to  be  a  partisan 
in  my  administration.  I  believe  I  can  retire  with  the  personal  con 
sciousness  of  having  no  bitterness  toward  any,  and  no  rival  in  any 
minister  in  the  Church.  That  I  have  not  been  perfect,  and  that  many 
mistakes  darken  the  past,  I  am  painfully  conscious  of.  But  whatever 
it  is,  the  record  is  made.  I  leave  it  with  Him  whose  mercy  and  bless 
ing  I  have  shared  so  largely  through  all  my  life.  I  am  sure  you  will 
not  blame  me  for  the  manifest  seriousness  of  this  moment.  I  leave  the 
field  of  effort  and  activity  feeling  glad  and  thankful  for  what  it  has 
been  to  me.  Keep  me  in  your  prayers  when  you  pray.  I  go  to  my 
home.  Your  brother,  N.  CASTLE. 

Topeka,  Kansas,  May  13,  1905. 

BISHOP  MATHEWS'  RESPONSIVE  WORDS  UPON  THE  RETIREMENT 
OF   BISHOP  CASTLE. 

BISHOP  MATHEWS.  This  is  an  important  moment,  not  only  in  the 
denominational  life  of  our  Church,  but  in  the  proceedings  of  this 
magnificent  General  Conference. 

This  paper,  of  course,  bears  the  characteristics  of  our  beloved 
bishop,  and  has  the  fragrance  of  a  message  from  him.  It  requires  a 
great  mind  to  speak  great  words,  a  beautiful  mind  to  speak  beautiful 
words,  a  pure  mind  to  utter  such  purity  of  sentiment,  a  generous  mind 
to  speak  generous  words.  We  have  before  us  an  illustration  of  a  great 
man,  a  beautiful  man,  a  pure  man,  a  magnanimous  man,  one  who 
stands  distinctively  and  peculiarly  for  spiritual  Christianity,  scrip 
tural  uprightness,  personal  purity,  as  well  as  civic  righteousness,  a 
man  who  is  enshrined  in  the  hearts  of  the  men  and  women  and  chil 
dren  of  our  whole  denomination. 

Twenty-five  years  ago  it  was  my  delightful  privilege  to  come  into 
personal  contact  with  this  noble  man  of  God.  My  heart  was  uplifted 
my  life  was  surcharged  with  the  love  of  Jesus  Christ  in  his  own  life, 
and  in  his  own  ministry,  and  I  find  myself  presiding  here  for  the  first 
time  this  morning,  and  now  this  time  has  been  chosen  for  the  speak 
ing  of  these  dear  words  by  our  dear  brother,  the  senior  bishop.  I 
said  to  myself  the  other  day,  when  he  favored  this  Conference  with 
such  a  magnificent  address,  looking  forward  to  the  future,  marking 
out  the  path  for  us  for  greater  things,  and  then  also  when  he  gave  us 
such  a  beautiful  illustration  of  a  presiding  officer  in  the  evening  serv 
ices,  showing  wit  and  eloquence  and  tact  and  good  sense  and  courtesy, 
I  said  to  myself,  as  also  I  said  to  the  one  that  is  dearest  to  me  on 

192 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

earth,  "I  would  be  one  of  a  thousand  in  the  Church  to  step  aside  and 
do  nothing,  rather  than  to  retire  such  a  man  as  he ;  with  the  crown  of 
youth  upon  his  brow,  with  the  charm  of  God's  conscious  presence  in 
his  own  heart,  with  the  seal  of  approval  upon  him,  not  only  for 
twenty-five,  thirty,  or  fifty  years,  but  at  this  very  moment ;  and  so  it 
is  not  surprising  that  I  am  touched  to  the  very  depth  of  my  soul.  I 
think  I  can  read  it  in  your  own  countenances,  every  one,  not  only  the 
delegates,  but  the  visitors  here.  Certainly  this  supreme  moment  is  a 
moment  that  calls  for  the  benediction  and  descent  of  the  Holy  Spirit, 
the  cementing  of  our  hearts  together  as  never  before.  I  feel,  under 
the  intense  inspiration  of  the  Holy  Spirit,  like  placing  the  crown  of 
approbation,  the  crown  of  affection,  and  the  crown  of  confidence  upon 
this  spiritual  leader  and  man  of  God.  Words  only  dissipate  what  I 
am  craving  for  at  this  time. 

Shall  we  not  linger  at  this  moment  and  have  a  few  prayers  ?  I 
shall  ask  Brother  Neff,  of  the  Oregon  Conference,  Brother  Hough,  of 
Allegheny  Conference,  Brother  Chambers,  of  Neosho  Conference,  and 
Brother  Fries,  of  Sandusky  Conference,  to  lead  us  in  prayer,  in  the 
order  I  have  named.  Now  let  us  pause  before  the  throne  of  God.  It 
will  help  us  in  our  business  if  the  pentecostal  Spirit  shall  come  down 
upon  our  hearts.  Shall  we  pray  at  this  moment  ? 

The  prayers  were  delivered  by  the  brethren  in  the  order  named. 

BISHOP  CASTLE.  Will  you  suffer  this  word  this  moment  ?  There  is 
not  a  tinge  of  personal  gloom  in  this  matter,  and  what  I  ask  is  that 
you  do  not  have  any  demonstration.  Let  nothing  be  unusual — just 
treat  in  the  quiet  way  youxhave.  Let  your  tears  be  dried.  Spend 
your  time  in  doing  the  work,  not  upon  me.  I  feel  that  I  am  in  a 
sense  far  below  that,  in  a  sense  like  Paul,  when  he  said,  "What  mean 
ye  to  weep  and  break  my  heart?"  Let  us  be  cheerful.  [Great  ap 
plause.] 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  wish  we  could  do  what  he  suggests,  but 
we  cannot. 

Rev.  J.  W.  Willis,  of  Southeast  Ohio  Conference,  began  to  sing 
"Blest  be  the  tie  that  binds-"  and  Conference  very  tenderly  joined. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  There  are  four  ministers  of  the  St.  Joseph 
Conference  here,  Rev.  C.  S.  Parker,  Rev.  A.  M.  Cummins,  Rev.  Ray 
Upson,  and  Rev.  E.'  H.  Pontius,  who  have  formed  what  is  called  the 
Arion  Quartet,  and  I  am  sure  you  will  be  glad  to  have  them  sing  at 
this  moment  whatever  they  may  want  to  sing. 

193 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

The  Arion  Quartet  then  sang  "Upon  life's  boundless  ocean,  where 
mighty  billows  roll." 

BISHOP  CASTLE  (at  close  of  song).    I  want  to  say,  Hallelujah! 

The  Arion  Quartet  followed  with  another  song,  "Oh,  listen  to  our 
wondrous  story."  [Great  applause.] 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  What  is  the  pleasure  of  the  General  Con 
ference  with  reference  to  the  reports  of  the  standing  committees  I 

Colonel  Eobert  Cowden,  General  Secretary  of  the  Sunday-School 
Board,  then  read  his  report. 

REPORT  OF  THE  GENERAL  SABBATH-SCHOOL  BOARD. 

The  Board  presents  for  consideration  of  the  General  Con 
ference  the  following  report : 

TIME   INCLUDED. 

The  history  recorded  in  this  report  covers  three  years  and 
eleven  months,  from  May  1,  1901,  to  March  31,  1905. 

MEMBERSHIP  OF  BOARD. 

Eev.  W.  Z.  Eoberts,  C.  J.  Kephart,  D.  D.,  Rev.  W.  A.  Dick- 
son,  Eev.  William  W.  Williamson,  Rev.  B.  W.  Bowman,  H.  H. 
Fout,  D.  D.,  and'  the  General  Secretary,  Colonel  Eobert  Cow- 
den,  constituted  the  Board  at  the  opening  of  the  quadrennium. 
Those  of  the  number  there  present  met  on  the  21st  of  May, 
1901,  in  Frederick,  Maryland,  and  organized  by  electing  W.  Z. 
Eoberts  president  and  H.  H.  Fout  recording  secretary. 

MEETINGS. 

The  first  meeting  of  the  full  Board,  for  the  purpose  of  out 
lining  a  policy  was  held  in  Dayton,  Ohio,  June  27,  1901.  At 
this  meeting  all  the  members  were  present.  Within  the  first 
year  Eev.  B.  W.  Bowman  resigned,  and  Hon.  J.  C.  Myers  was 
chosen  by  the  Board  to  fill  the  vacancy.  As  thus  constituted 
the  Board  has  continued  since,  holding  annual  meetings  for 
business,  all  of  them  in  Dayton,  Ohio,  and  always  at  the  time 
of  the  annual  meetings  of  the  other  boards  of  the  Church  and 
the  annual  commencement  of  the  Seminary.  To  this  order 
there  was  one  exception.  In  the  spring  of  1904  the  General 
Secretary  was  absent  from  the  country,  and  the  annual  meet 
ing  was  postponed  until  his  return,  and  was  then  held  in  June, 
at  Lake  Winona,  Indiana,  at  the  time  of  the  summer  Bible 
school  held  annually  at  that  place.  The  business  of  the  Board 
in  the  intervals  between  annual  sessions  was  transacted 
through  correspondence  between  members  and  the  General  Sec- 

194 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

retary,  and  by  the  executive  committee,  which  was  composed 
of  Robert  Cowden,  chairman ;  H.  H.  Fout,  and  Mr.  L.  M.  Mit- 
tendorf,  secretary.  Mr.  Mittendorf,  a  layman,  and  superin 
tendent  of  one  of  the  largest  schools  of  Dayton,  was  elected  by 
the  Board  to  fill  this  place  for  the  entire  four  years,  a  de 
parture  from  the  policy  of  the  preceding  Board.  This  execu 
tive  committee  held  meetings  with  monthly  regularity  as  far 
as  possible,  varying  sometimes  on  account  of  the  absence  of  its 
chairman  in  the  field.  It  was  charged  at  times  with  extraor 
dinary  duties,  such  as  the  employment  of  additional  field  force 
in  certain  districts,  and  for  such  occasions  was  strengthened 
by  the  addition  of  Messrs.  Roberts  and  Myers,  both  residing  in 
Ohio,  and  hence  within  convenient  distance. 

MISSION   WORK. 

It  has  been  the  policy  of  this  Board  and  of  its  immediate 
predecessor  to  assist  as  much  as  possible  in  the  mission  work 
of  the  Church,  so,  when  the  present  Board  assumed  control,  it 
found  Rev.  E.  L.  Ort  and  family  engaged  in  Ponce,  Porto 
Rico,  working  in  conjunction  with  the  missionaries  sent  there 
by  the  Parent  Board,  having  been  employed  and  fully  sup 
ported  by  our  predecessors.  While  this  Board  was  preparing 
to  negotiate  for  their  continuance  in  that  field,  they  resigned 
and  came  home,  and  the  place  was  not  resupplied. 

Early  in  the  summer  of  1903  we  employed  Rev.  Tekoa  S. 
Winey,  whose  success  at  Everett,  Washington,  the  previous 
months  was  taken  as  a  guaranty  of  continued  usefulness.  He 
remained  in  our  employ  nine  months,  when,  for  lack  of  suffi 
cient  means  to  support  him,  it  was  considered  prudent  to  dis 
continue  the  arrangement.  Other  fields  were  considered,  but 
for  the  same  reason  not  entered.  This  was  a  disappointment 
to  us. 

DONATIONS   OF    LITERATURE. 

Dr.  Fout  and  the  General  Secretary  were  constituted  a  com 
mittee  to  represent  the  Board  in  determining  what  donations 
of  lesson  helps  to  grant,  with  instructions  not  to  exceed  an  ag 
gregate  of  $1,500  in  any  one  year.  This  was  kept  in  mind, 
and  in  granting  all  reasonable  requests  for  help  of  this  kind, 
it  was  found  that  in  no  one  year  did  we  pass  this  limit.  In 
the  aggregate,  in  the  four  years  we  bought  from  the  Publish 
ing  House  and  donated  $5,642.77  worth  of  material.  Nearly 
all  of  this  was  papers  and  lesson  helps ;  but,  in  a  few  instances, 

195 


TWENTY-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

a  small  secretary's  record  being  requested,  one  was  included  in 
the  gift.  In  still  fewer  instances  were  low-priced  singing- 
books  given  where  the  schools  seemed  utterly  unable  to  pro 
vide  them  for  themselves.  Also,  the  Board  donated  Church 
Disciplines  at  different  times,  at  the  request  of  Dr.  T.  C.  Car 
ter,  for  the  Southern  field,  where  the  people  sought  informa 
tion  touching  our  denominational  polity.  These  were  dis 
tributed  by  him  personally  or  under  his  direction.  All  the 
conferences  in  the  Church  shared  in  these  benefactions,  and 
$367.75  worth  of  literature  was  sent  to  our  various  foreign  mis 
sions,  including  the  works  represented  by  Mr.  Jenanyen  in 
Tarsus  and  Iconium,  Asia  Minor. 

SECRETARY'S  TIME. 

The  Board  saw  fit  at  the  beginning  of  the  term  to  direct 
that  two-thirds  of  the  Secretary's  time  should  be  devoted  to 
work  in  the  field  outside  his  office  and  one-third  in  the  office, 
or  in  about  that  proportion.  This  order  has  been  observed. 
Miss  Mary  E.  McGinnis  was  employed  as  office  assistant,  and 
she  has  been  paid  $1,060.75  for  services  during  this  term. 

SECRETARY'S  WORK. 

1.  In  the  Field.     This  is  represented  by  90,475  miles  of 
travel,    at    an    expense    of    $1,396.46    for    transportation    and 
$389.79    for   hotel   accommodations.      Total,   $1,786.25.      This 
small  expense  for  so  much  travel  is  due  to  the  fact  that  rail 
road  companies   in   the   Central,    Southeastern,    and   Western 
Passenger  Associations  furnish  him  transportation  at  clergy 
rates.     All  sections  of  the  Church  in  America  have  been  vis 
ited.    Sixty-one  institutes  were  held,  usually  covering  two  days 
and  three  evenings  each;  sixty-one  Sunday-school  conventions 
were  attended  and  assisted ;  seventy-one  annual  conference  ses 
sions  were  attended  by  the  Secretary  alone,  and  probably  as 
many  more  by  the  other  members  of  the  Board.    Seven  summer 
assemblies   were   also  ^attended  by  the  secretary,   in   most   of 
which  he  was  instructor  in  the  teacher-training  department. 
Eighteen  Board  and   executive  committee  meetings  were  at 
tended   officially,   and   one   hundred   and   fifty-five   single    ad 
dresses  were  delivered,  chiefly  on  subjects  closely  related  to  the 
idea  of  teacher-training. 

2.  In  the  Office*.     The  incidental  expenses  of  the  work  in 
the  office  were:    For  postage,  $963.01;  for  stationery,  $108.57; 

196 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

for  express  charges,  $40.95;  for  telegraphing,  $8.97;  total, 
$1,121.50.  Expenses  for  all  purposes  were:  For  travel, 
$1,786.25;  for  office  help,  $1,060.75;  for  incidentals  in  office, 
$1,121.50.  Grand  total,  $3,968.50. 

RECEIPTS. 

The  receipts  to  the  treasury  through  the  Secretary's  office, 
outside  of  chart  collections  passing  through  his  hands,  were: 
From  offerings  received  in  institutes  held,  $675.67;  from  fees 
in  teacher-training  work,  $168.01 ;  from  fees  for  examinations 
on  international  lessons,  $9.10;  and  from  the  sale  of  supplies 
for  Home  Departments  and  Cradle  Kolls,  $25.08.  Total, 
$877.86.  From  Children's  Day  Offerings,  the  amount  in  1901 
was  $604.23 ;  in  1902,  $820.61 ;  in  1903,  $1,040.01 ;  and  in  1904, 
$1,880.64.  Total,  $4,345.49.  From  chart  collections  through 
annual  conferences:  In  1901,  $2,335.81;  in  1902,  $2,986.04;  in 
1903,  $4.093.09 ;  and  in  1904,  $3,898.90.  Total,  $13,313.84.  Had 
the  disciplinary  requirement  in  this  regard  been  fully  met  by 
all  the  Church  the  amount  from  this  source  alone  would  have 
been  about  $30,000.  The  encouraging  feature  in  this  statement 
of  receipts  is  that  in  both  Children's  Day  offerings  and  chart 
collections  steady  and  rapid  advance  is  noted.  This  was  doubt 
less  due  to  the  fact  that  the  General  Secretary  and  the  mem 
bers  of  the  Board  attended  annual  conference  sessions  quite 
generally  each  year  and  represented  the  work  of  the  Board, 
kindly  urging  the  apportionment  of  the  full  three  cents  per 
member  to  the  various  charges  for  the  general  Sunday-school 
fund.  In  many  cases  this  was  done.  In  some  it  was  not.  The 
result  was  a  handsome  increase  over  the  receipts  from  this 
source  the  preceding  quadrennium.  It  is  a  work  of  education 
among  our  people,  causing  them  to  see  the  Sunday-school  work 
in  its  true  relation  to  the  other  work  of  the  Church. 

WHAT  THIS  BOARD  STANDS  FOR. 

The  work  of  this  Board  is  quite  unique  among  departments 
of  church  work.  For  two  things  is  it  directly  and  entirely  re 
sponsible  : 

1.  Helping  where  help  is  needed  in  the  organization  of  new 
schools  on  the  frontiers  of  our  country,  thus  doing  for  our  de 
nominational  schools  what  the  American  Sunday-School  Union 
did  for  all,  at'the  beginning,  except  that  our  donations  are  out 
right.  Also,  it  is  now  becoming  increasingly  useful  in  aiding 

197 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

new  missions  in  important  cities.  It  also  helps,  as  it  always 
has,  from  year  to  year,  all  our  foreign  mission  schools.  We 
have  in  the  last  forty-seven  months  granted  1,241  donations  to 
probably  900  different  schools,  aggregating  $5,642.77.  All  that 
this  has  meant  to  those  schools  and  to  the  Church  no  one  can 
even  imagine.  It  has  been  remarked  by  some  new  members  of 
this  Board  that  they  never  had  any  conception  of  the  helpful 
ness  of  this  Board  in  this  particular.  This  is  true  of  thousands 
of  others.  Our  people  do  not  know,  the  great  good  their  money, 
given  to  this  Board,  does.  If  they  did,  it  would  be  given  with 
more  lavish  hand.  Some  splendid  visible  results  of  these  gifts 
are  seen  in  certain  cities  where  fine  churches  now  stand  where 
none  stood  before.  Cleveland,  Dayton,  Toledo,  and  Cincinnati, 
Ohio;  Philadelphia,  Pa.;  Washington,  D.  C. ;  Newport,  Ky. ; 
Chicago,  111. ;  Oakland,  Sacramento,  and  Los  Angeles,  Cal. ; 
Denver  and  Pueblo,  Colo. ;  Nashville,  Tenn. ;  Atlanta,  Ga.,  and 
many  others.  If  any  conference  is  neglecting  any  city  in  its 
borders  it  is  missing  a  great  opportunity.  Just  now  a  new 
church  is  being  opened  up  in  Cincinnati,  Ohio,  giving  great 
promise. 

2.  Teacher-training.  It  is  not  true  except  in  a  restricted 
sense  that  "teachers  are  born,  not  made."  The  fact  is  that, 
having  been  born,  they  "must  be  born  again"  and  then  made. 
Consecration  and  preparation  are  the  two  words,  and  in  the 
order  stated,  that  express  the  qualifications  necessary  in  a 
Sunday-school  teacher,  and  neither,  alone,  is  sufficient.  This 
Board  emphasizes  this  work  through  its  Secretary  by  holding 
Sunday-school  institutes  and  enrolling  persons  in  classes  and 
instructing  them  by  correspondence,  and,  keeping  at  it,  it  has 
succeeded  in  enrolling  6,174  members  and  in  graduating  in  the 
full  Chautauqua  course  1,193.  This  alone  is  no  small  achieve 
ment.  Incidentally  the  "internal  improvement"  of  our  schools 
is  emphasized  from  the  office,  and  plans  devised  and  printed 
matter  prepared,  published1,  and  circulated  looking  to  Home 
Department  and  Cradle  Koll  and  other  modern  methods  of 
Sunday-school  work. 

Assuming  that  this  General  Conference  will  provide  for  con 
tinuing  all  the  departments  of  work  that  this  and  former  Sun 
day-school  boards  have  successfully  undertaken,  legislation  is 
still  needed  in  order  to  further  enlarge  and  extend  our  work. 


198 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 


The  Board  presents  for  a  consideration  of  the  General  Con 
ference  the  following  recommendations : 

Chapter  XV. 

Change  to  read  as  follows: 

The  general  interests  of  the  Sunday-school  work  shall  be 
committed  to  a  Sunday-School  Board,  which  shall  be  governed 
by  the  following  constitution. 

Section  I.  of  the  Constitution  of  the  General  Sunday- 
School  Board. 

Article  1.  Name.  This  organization  shall  be  known  as  the 
General  Sunday-School  Board  of  the  Church  of  the  United 
Brethren  in  Christ. 

Article  2.  Object.  The  object  of  this  Board  shall  be  to  pro 
mote  the  multiplication,  growth,  and  efficiency  of  the  Sunday 
schools  in  connection  with  our  Church  and  elsewhere,  for  the 
glory  of  God  and  the  saving  and  blessing  of  mankind. 

Article  3.  Membership  and  Officers.  This  Board  shall  be 
composed  of  five  members  who  shall  be  elected  by  the  General 
Conference  for  a  term  of  four  years,  with  the  bishops  of  the 
Church,  editors  of  Sunday-school  literature,  the  Sunday- 
School  General  Secretary,  the  Secretary  or  Secretaries  of  the 
Missionary  Society,  the  Agent  of  the  Publishing  House,  and 
the  General  Church  Treasurer  as  members  ex  officio.  The 
bishop  of  the  Ohio  District  shall  be  president  of  the  Board 
and  the  other  bishops  vice-presidents  in  order  of  official  sen 
iority. 

Article  4.  Meetings.  1.  The  Board  shall  be  convened  by 
the  call  of  the  president  within  thirty  days  after  their  election, 
and  shall  elect  from  their  own  number  a  recording  secretary, 
who  shall  be  a  resident  of  Dayton,  Ohio,  or  vicinity.  The  Gen 
eral  Church  Treasurer  shall  act  as  treasurer  of  the  Board. 

2.  The  Board  shall  meet  annually  in  the  month  of  April  or 
May,  on  such  day  or  days  as  it  may  determine.  Other  meet 
ings  may  be  held  on  the  call  of  the  president  and  secretary. 
The  members  present  at  any  meeting  shall  constitute  a  quorum. 
The  fiscal  year  of  the  Board  shall  close  March  31  of  each  year. 

Article  5.  Duties  and  Powers.  1.  This  Board  shall  have 
charge  of  the  general  Sunday-school  interests  of  the  Church, 
and  in  carrying  forward  its  work  it  may  adopt  such  rules  and 
take  such  action  as,  in  its  judgment,  the  interest  committed  to 

199 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

it  may  demand ;  provided,  that  nothing  shall  be  done  out  of 
harmony  with  the  Discipline  of  the  Church. 

2.  The  Board  shall  each  year,  at  its  annual  meeting,  place 
an  assessment  of  at  least  three  cents  per  member  upon  the  sev 
eral  annual  conferences. 

3.  It  shall  make  provision  for  the  general  observance  of 
Children's  Day  on  the  first  Sunday  in  June,  and  shall  receive 
the  free-will  offerings  made  on  that  day. 

4.  It  shall  have  full  authority  to  fill  vacancies  in  its  mem 
bership  between  the  sittings  of  the  General  Conference  and 
shall  publish  an  annual  report  of  its  work. 

5.  A  committee  shall  be  appointed   annually   which   shall 
audit  the  General  Secretary's  and  Treasurer's  accounts. 

6.  The  president,  secretaries,  and  editors  of  Sunday-school 
literature  shall  compose  a  local  committee  to  act  in  the  inter 
vals  between  the  meetings  of  the  Board.    This  committee  shall 
meet  monthly,  but  shall  not  transact  new  business. 

7.  The  Board  shall  define  fully  the  work  and  duties  of  the 
General  Secretary  and  other  employees  and  provide  for  their 
salaries. 

8.  The  Board  shall  present  a  quadrennial  report  with  sug 
gestions  and  recommendations  to  the  General  Conference. 

Article  6.  Use  of  Funds.  1.  The  funds  of  this  Board  shall 
be  used  to  assist  in  establishing  and  maintaining  Sunday 
schools  in  home  and  foreign  fields,  and  for  defraying  the  ex 
penses  of  the  Board  in  forwarding  the  work  for  which  it  was 
organized ;  provided,  that  the  principal  of  whatever  permanent 
funds  are  created  shall  be  carefully  invested  and  only  the  in 
come  therefrom  be  expended. 

2.  All  applications  for  assistance  shall  be  made  through  the 
General  Secretary,  and  shall  be  considered  by  a  local  commit 
tee  or  sub-committee  thereof.     Appropriations  shall  be  made 
only  to  Sunday  schools  that  are  conducted  in  harmony  with 
the  disciplinary  provisions  of  the  United  Brethren  Church,  or 
to  schools  giving  satisfactory  evidence  that  they  will  soon  be 
come  such. 

3.  The   president    and   recording   secretary    shall    sign    all 
orders  issued  on  the  treasurer  for  funds. 

Section  II. 

Paragraph  1.    Change  to  read  as  follows : 
Annual  Conference  Relations  and  Duties.     1.     Each  annual 
conference   shall   elect   annually   a   conference    Sunday-school 

200 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

secretary,  whose  duty  it  shall  be  to  collect  statistics  of  the 
Sunday  schools  of  the  conference  upon  blanks  furnished  him 
by  the  General  Secretary  of  the  Sunday-School  Board  and 
transmit  an  abstract  of  same  to  the  General  Secretary ;  to  rep 
resent  the  interests  of  the  Sunday-School  Board  before  the 
annual  conference;  to  hold  at  a  convenient  time  during  the 
conference  session  a  Sunday-school  anniversary  for  the  mem 
bers  of  the  Sunday-school  conference,  and  conduct  the  corre 
spondence  of  the  conference  with  the  General  Secretary.  His 
bill  for  correspondence  and  fare  shall  be  paid  by  the  General 
Sunday-School  Board. 

Paragraph  2.  After  the  word  "enrolled,"  in  the  eleventh 
line,  add  the  words  "including  members  of  the  Home  Depart 
ment  and  Cradle  Roll." 

Section  5.    Page  93  of  Discipline,  omit  Article  V. 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. 

We  wish  to  express  our  gratitude  to  the  Agent  and  Trustees 
of  our  Publishing  House  for  furnishing  us  commodious  and 
beautiful  rooms  for  our  office  in  the  new  United  Brethren 
Building,  and  to  the  Agent  and  editors  of  the  Religious  Tele 
scope  for  the  privilege  of  the  use  of  space  in  that  paper  for  our 
department  of  work.  Truly  "we  have  a  goodly  heritage." 
Respectfully  submitted, 

W.  Z.  ROBERTS,  President. 

ROBERT  COWDEN,  General  Secretary. 

H.  H.  FOUT,  Recording  Secretary. 

C.  J.  KEPHART. 

W.  A.  DICKSON. 

J.  C.  MYERS. 

W.  W.  WILLIAMSON. 

This  was  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

T.  G.  Spangler,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference,  secretary  of 
the  Committee  on  Credentials,  read  the  report  of  the  committee  as 
follows : 

REPORT  OF  THE  COMMITTEE   ON   CREDENTIALS. 

We,  your  Committee  on  Credentials,  beg  leave  to  report  as  follows : 
That  Mrs.  Zella  B.  King,  of  West  Africa,  be  recognized  as  lay  dele 
gate  instead  of  S.  B.  Caulker.  That  S.  H.  Hunt,  from  White  River 
Conference,  be  recognized  as  lay  delegate  instead  of  G.  A.  Lambert. 
That  W.  R.  Berry  be  recognized  as  ministerial  delegate  from  Vir 
ginia  Conference,  instead  of  Rev.  J.  W.  Donovan,  deceased.  That 

201 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

A.  H.  Keese,  of  West  Virginia  Conference,  be  recognized  as  minis 
terial  delegate  instead  of  Kev.  William  Slaughter.  That  H.  B.  Baish, 
from  Allegheny  Conference,  be  recognized  as  lay  delegate  instead  of 
John  Thomas.  That  Frank  Dennis,  of  Lower  Wabash  Conference,  be 
recognized  as  lay  delegate  instead  of  George  Fredenberger.  That 
Charles  Johnson,  of  Columbia  River  Conference,  be  recognized  as  lay 
delegate  instead  of  W.  C.  Whiting. 

W.  O.  FRIES. 

W.  H.  TASKER. 

I.  W.  BEARSS. 

GEORGE  M.  SPANGLER. 

G.  O.  PORTER. 

A.  R.  AYRES. 

J.  H.  WALLS. 

ALONZO  MYER. 

H.  F.  BRUBAKER. 

On  motion  of  Rev.  S.  W.  Keister,  of  Allegheny  Conference,  and 
seconded  by  Dr.  Funk,  the  report  was  adopted. 

PROFESSOR  MARK  KEPPEL.  I  move  that  we  do  now  adjourn  until 
two  o'clock. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  there  any  announcements  to  be  made 
before  adjournment  ? 

Several  chairmen  of  committees  announced  meetings  of-  their  re 
spective  committees. 

Conference  then  adjourned,  with  benediction  by  Dr.  D.  R.  Miller, 
of  Sandusky  Conference. 


THIRD  DAY— AFTERNOON  SESSION. 

SATURDAY,  May  13,  1905,  2 :  00  p.  M. 

Bishop  N.  Castle  presiding. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  Conference  will  now  come  to  order. 
Let  us  all  be  quiet.  We  will  have  singing,  after  which  Brother  Eli 
Good,  of  Michigan  Conference,  will  read  the  scripture  and  have 
prayer. 

The  singing  was  conducted  by  Professor  Lorenz,  song  No.  224,  "I 
am  thine,  O  Lord." 

202 


UNITED    BRETHREN   IN    CHRIST 

Rev.  Eli  Good  then  read  the  Forty-seventh  Psalm,  following  which 
Eev.  S.  W.  Keister,  of  Allegheny  Conference,  led  in  prayer. 

The  devotional  services  closed  with  K"o.  201,  "Thou  thinkest,  Lord, 
of  me." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  Conference  will  now  be  in  order  for 
business.  I  have  this  word,  simply  a  note  by  way  of  advice.  This  is 
Saturday  afternoon,  and  if  there  is  any  afternoon  of  the  week  when 
we  want  a  little  longer  time  it  is  Saturday,  to  get  brushed  up  and 
straightened  up  for  the  Sabbath.  I  do  not  know  that  the  committees 
have  ready  their  work.  If  not,  it  certainly  would  be  a  very  good  idea 
to  adjourn  a  little  earlier,  so  the  committees  will  be  sure  to  have  their 
work  ready  when  called  for  on  Monday. 

EEV.  S.  W.  KEISTER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  that  we  ad 
journ  at  three  o'clock  to  give  the  committees  time  to  do  their  work. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  has  been,  moved  and  seconded  that  the 
time  for  adjournment  this  day  be  three  o'clock.  Are  you  ready  to 
vote?  All  favoring  show  their  hands.  All  opposed,  a  like  sign.  It 
prevails.  Is  there  any  miscellaneous  business  you  wish  to  present  ? 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER,,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  that  the 
report  of  the  Secretary  of  the  Woman's  Missionary  Society  be  made 
the  order  of  the  day  for  Monday  at  three  o'clock. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded  as  you  have 
heard.  Are  you  ready  to  vote  ? 

PROF.  MARK  KEPPEL,  of  California  Conference.  As  I  understand 
the  rules  that  we  have  adopted,  we  have  a  Committee  on  Program  to 
prepare  the  program  from  day  to  day,  and  it  seems  that  this  properly 
ought  to  go  to  that  committee. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  seems  that  that  is  so,  unless  you  care  to 
take  it  out  of  their  hands. 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER.    We  would  like  to  have  that  hour  especially. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Let  us  hold  a  moment  right  here.  I  am 
sure  that  it  will  be  the  pleasure  of  that  committee  to  grant  the  wish 
of  the  friends  concerned  for  that  hour,  the  ladies  especially,  and  will 
you  intrust  this  to  that  committee? 

VOICES.    Yes,  yes. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Are  you  all  agreed  by  common  consent  ? 

VOICES.    Agreed. 

203 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER.  We  would  like  it  to  be  known,  so  that  the 
committee  can  make  it  known. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Could  the  committee  retire  and  have  it  set 
tled  before  we  adjourn  to-day  ? 

REV.  H.  DEAL,  of  Minnesota  Conference.  The  Committee  on 
Memoirs  have  prepared  their  report,  and  are  recommending  three 
o'clock  on  Monday  for  the  memorial  services.  The  reason  I  speak  is 
that  there  be  no  conflict. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  have  a  committee,  you  know,  on  the 
order  of  business,  and  it  would  be  well  if  all  this  should  come  before 
that  committee,  so  they  can  harmonize  them. 

DR.  L.  S.  CORNELL,  of  Colorado  Conference.  I  desire  to  call  at 
tention  to  the  fact  that  our  chairman  of  the  Committee  on  Business 
is  not  present,  Brother  Funkhouser. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  believe  the  secretary  is  here,  Brother 
Kumler.  Will  you  decide  that  motion  ?  Make  it  a  special  order  for 
Monday  at  three  o'clock  ?  I  believe  it  would  be  a  very  good  thing  to 
leave  these  things  in  the  hands  of  that  committee,  unless  you  so  agree 
by  common  consent.  Brother  Ressler,  how  is  it  with  you? 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER.  It  is  desired  that  it  be  done  that  way.  Per 
haps  the  memorial  services  could  be  held  on  Tuesday. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Oh,  yes,  it  can  be  so  adjusted. 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER.  It  is  the  desire  of  the  ladies  that  Monday 
be  the  day.  Would  it  not  be  well  to  have  the  motion  that  the  Com 
mittee  on  the  Order  of  Business  be  so  requested?  I  am  willing  to 
put  it  that  way,  that  the  Committee  on  Order  of  Business  be  re 
quested  to  set  apart  Monday  at  3:  00  P.  M. 
•  THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  you  all  agreed? 

VOICES.    Agreed,  agreed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Let  that  be. the  form,  then — the  order.  Is 
the  Committee  on  Formulas  ready  ? 

VOICE.    Yes. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Will  you  hear  that  report  ? 

VOICES.     Hear,  hear. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  tried  to  get  the 
committee  together,  but  could  not  do  it,  not  even  the  secretary,  and 
so  I  did  it  myself  while  I  was  waiting  for  the  time. 

Rev.  J.  R,  Chambers  read  the  report  of  the  Committee  on  Formulas. 


204 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 
REPORT   OF   COMMITTEE   ON   FORMULAS. 

We,  your  Committee  on  Formulas,  beg  leave  to  report  as  follows : 

1.  We  recommend  that  the  Board  of  Bishops  prepare  a  blank  for 
pastor's  annual  report,  and  that  the  Publishing1  Agent  print  the  same, 
and  also  the  statistical  chart  to  agree  with  it  in  Discipline. 

2.  Eliminate  Section  1,  chapter  27,  page  152,  for  the  reason  that  it 
is  a  repetition  of  Section  1,  page  19. 

3.  Eliminate  from  the  pastor's  quarterly  report  all  those  items  re 
ported  by  other  members  of  the  quarterly  conference;  namely,  class 
leaders,  class  stewards,  elder  stewards,  Y.  P.  C.  U.  presidents,  and 
Sunday-school  superintendents. 

4.  We   recommend   that   Bishop   J.    S.   Mills   prepare   a   form   of 
charge  to  trustees,  to  be  added  to  the  formula  for  the  dedication  of 
church-houses. 

No  other  changes  to  be  made. 

J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  Chairman. 
A.  H.  LAUGHBAUM,  Secretary. 
EDWARD  VAN  CLEVE. 
W.  A.  DEAN. 
A.  M.  CUMMINS. 
C.  W.  REGARD. 

REV.  S.  S.  HOUGH,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  that  the  re 
port  be  ordered  printed. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  All  favoring  this  will  give  their  consent 
by  uplifted  hands.  Any  opposing,  like  sign.  The  report  is  ordered 
printed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Is  the  Committee  on  Christian  Steward 
ship  ready  to  report  ? 

REV.  J.  L.  PARKS,  of  California  Conference.     Ready. 

T«E  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Will  you  hear  that  report? 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

Rev.  J.  L.  Parks  read  report  of  Committee  on  Christian  Steward 
ship  as  follows : 

REPORT   OF  COMMITTEE  ON  CHRISTIAN  STEWARDSHIP. 

We,  your  Committee  on  Christian  Stewardship,  beg  leave  to  report 
as  follows : 

Owing  to  the  fact  that  the  Christian  Stewardship  Commission  has 
been  seriously  handicapped  during  the  past  quadreimium,  we  recom 
mend  that  the  Commission  be  continued  as  per  chapter  17,  sections 
1  and  2  of  the  Discipline,  and  that  the  following  be  added  as  Sec 
tion  3 : 

205 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Section  3.  It  shall  be  the  duty  of  all  our  pastors  to  present  faith 
fully  the  obligations  and  privileges  of  Christian  Stewardship  as 
taught  in  God's  holy  Word. 

M.  F.  DAWSON, 

G.  W.  DlLLENBACH, 

A.  G.  COWDEN, 

J.  M.  BAIR, 

MRS.  ELLA  J.  KIRKPATRICK,  Secretary, 

J.  L.  PARKS,  Chairman,, 

Committee. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  this  report.  What  will 
you  do  with  it  ?  Will  you  order  it  printed  ? 

EEV.  W.  O.  SIFFERT,  of  East  Ohio.  It  is  hardly  necessary  to  have 
that  printed.  I  move  its  adoption. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  believe  there  is  an  order,  if  it  is  a  re 
vision  of  the  Discipline,  that  it  be  printed. 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  I  move  you  that  in 
this  case  the  rules  be  suspended  and  the  report  be  adopted. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  All  favoring  this  motion  show  their  hands. 
Any  opposed  to  it,  like  sign.  It  is  carried. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    The  motion  is  that  it  be  adopted. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    It  is  now  before  you. 

REV.  S.  S.  HOUGH,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  Could  we  have  that 
additional  clause  read  again? 

Assistant  Secretary  Schaeffer  read  the  additional  clause. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Are  you  ready  to  vote? 

DR.  E.  B.  BIERMAN,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  Is  that  in  addi 
tion  to  what  we  have  in  the  Discipline? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    I  do  not  know. 

REV.  S.  S.  HOUGH.    It  is. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  you  now  ready  to  vote?  As  many  as 
are  in  favor  of  its  adoption  will  give  their  consent  by  uplifted  hands. 
As  many  as  are  opposed,  a  like  sign.  It  prevails. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  think  we  have  no  further  order  of  busi 
ness  here  recorded.  Has  the  Committee  on  Order  of  Business  any 
thing  further  to  report  ? 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  We  will  be  ready 
for  a  report  for  Monday  in  a  few  minutes. 

206 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Is  there  any  report  ready  for  the  Confer 
ence  ? 

HON.  MATT  EDMONDS,  of  Northeast  Kansas  Conference.  I  rise  to  a 
question  of  privilege  to  present  a  little  matter  to  this  Conference.  It 
comes  from  the  pastor  at  Leavenworth,  Kansas,  and  he,  not  being  a 
member  of  the  Conference,  requests  me  to  present  it.  Shall  I  read? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    You  may  read. 

Hon..  Matt  Edmonds  read  a  paper  relating  to  a  deaconess  home  at 
Leavenworth,  Kansas,  which  was  referred  to  Committee  No.  17,  on 
government,  of  the  Church. 

REV.  W.  F.  GRUVER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  rise  to  a  question 
of  information. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    All  right. 

REV.  W.  F.  GRUVER.  The  Committee  on  Nominations  would  like 
to  have  some  instructions  regarding  the  placing  of  names  of  those 
nominated.  Is  it  necessary  to  give  the  bishop's  district  in  which  they 
reside  ? 

REV.  W.  O.  SIFFERT,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  I  think  the  Disci 
pline  provides  that  in  some  cases  certain  boards  are  distributed  among 
the  different  districts  of  the  bishops.  On  certain  other  boards  there 
are  a  certain  number  of  members  to  reside  within  a  certain  distance  of 
the  city  of  Dayton.  They  will  have  to  refer  to  the  Discipline. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  suppose  it  will  be  safe  to  follow  the  dis 
ciplinary  instructions  in  cases  where  it  is  given. 

REV.  W.  F.  GRUVER.  In  the  majority  of  cases  the  Discipline  gives 
no  instructions,  except  in  cases  to  which  the  brother  refers,  where  a 
certain  number  must  be  residents  of  a  certain  district.  Further  than 
that  there  are  no  instructions. 

REV.  L.  W.  STAHL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  believe  that  several 
boards  are  incorporated  under  the  laws  of  the  State  of  Ohio,  and  re 
quire  that  a  majority  of  the  board  shall  be  residents  of  that  State. 
That  will  have  to  be  taken  into  consideration  in  forming  these 
boards.  Then  these  boards  should  be  so  constituted  as  to  get  them 
together  without  incurring  large  expense.  That  ought  to  be  also 
taken  into  consideration  in  constituting  the  various  boards. 

SECRETARY  SNYDER.  I  was  going  to  suggest  that  it  might  be  an  aid 
to  the  committee'  to  call  upon  some  representative  of  these  several 
boards,  and  find  what  are  the  requirements  in  these  particular  cases. 

207 


TWENTY-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

DR.  R.  J.  WHITE,  of  Erie  Conference.  I  move  that  it  be  the  sense 
of  the  General  Conference  that,  unless  the  Discipline  requires  other 
wise,  the  candidates  be  equally  distributed  among  the  districts  for 
these  boards. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded,  as  you  have 
heard,  that,  unless  the  Discipline  gives  instructions  otherwise,  that 
those  persons  nominated  be  equally  distributed  among  the  bishops' 
districts. 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  It  must  be  remem 
bered  that  a  strict  order  of  that  kind  would  be  contrary  to  the  laws 
of  some  of  the  States  in  which  we  are  incorporated  as  boards.  We 
have  incorporations  in  some  States,  and  especially  in  Ohio,  where 
it  orders  things  different  from  that.  We  are  so  chartered,  and  there 
must  be  that  exception  made. 

DR.  R.  J.  WHITE,  of  Erie  Conference.  I  do  not  see  that  the  objec 
tion  made  by  the  brother  is  in  conflict  or  out  of  harmony  with  the 
resolution.  The  resolution  simply  provides  that,  unless  the  Discipline 
or  laws  of  the  State  require  otherwise,  they  shall  then  be  distributed. 

PROF.  MARK  KEPPEL,  of  California  Conference.  It  seems  to  me 
that  the  proposition  that  we  have  now  would  be  a  little  bit  too  heavy 
on  the  committee.  Under  the  rules,  the  committee  must  submit  three 
names  for  every  office,  and  it  will  require  168  nominations.  If  you 
require  that  each  district  shall  have  an  equal  number,  it  would  require 
that  the  least  populous  district  of  the  Church  should  have  practically 
one-fourth  of  these  nominations.  It  seems  to  me  that  sufficient 
would  be  accomplished  if  we  required  that  at  least  one  nominee  should 
come  from  each  district,  so  that  no  district  would  be  left  out  in  the 
nomination,  but  we  should  not  require  that  the  same  number  should 
come  from  each  district. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Well,  you  have  heard  these  remarks.  What 
is  your  pleasure?  The  motion  is  before  you. 

REV.  W.  F.  GRUVER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  We  know  that  these 
brethren  have  taken  into  account  the  enormous  expense  that  might 
entail  to  divide  it  equally  between  these  several  districts,  bringing 
men  from  the  extreme  East,  or  South,  or  West.  The  committee  so 
far  has  aimed  to  distribute  the  nominees  among  the  different  dis 
tricts,  but  not  in  equal  numbers.  The  question  in  the  minds  of  the 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

committee  so  far  has  been  as  to  whether  or  not  they  are  to  be  named 
as  residents  within  a  certain  district.  That  is  the  question  raised. 
The  other  question  means  that  the  Pacific  Coast,  the  extreme  southern 
and  eastern  portions  of  the  Church,  would  be  represented  equally  on 
these  boards.  You  would  have  the  enormous  cost  of  bringing  these 
men  to  the  board  meetings  from  the  four  quarters  of  the  earth. 

REV.  J.  S.  KENDALL,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  I  move  as  a  sub 
stitute  to  this  motion  that  it  be  left  to  the  good  judgment  of  the  com 
mittee. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Are  you  ready  for  this  substitute? 

VOICES.    Ready,  ready. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  As  many  as  favor  it  indicate  it  by  up 
lifted  hands.  Opposed,  the  same  sign.  It  prevails. 

PROF.  E.  S.  LORENZ.  I  have  a  resolution  here  that  expresses  a  feel 
ing  that  I  think  ought  to  be  expressed.  I  have  been  in  so  many  United 
Brethren  churches  where  some  were  kneeling,  some  were  sitting,  and 
some  were  standing  during  prayer.  I  feel  that  there  is  no  uniform 
ity.  I  think  that  there  ought  to  be  some  expression  on  that  subject. 
I  therefore  recommend  this  resolution : 

Resolved,  That  we  recommend  to  our  churches  everywhere  that 
they  observe  the  time-honored  United  Brethren  custom  of  kneeling 
in  public  prayer,  and  that  pews  be  so  placed  as  to  make  this  posture 
practicable. 

E.    S.   LORENZ. 

J.    G.    HUBER. 

REV.  G.  H.  HINTON,  of  Neosho  Conference.  The  probabilities  are 
there  will  be  a  difficulty.  Some  people  are  lame  and  cannot  kneel.  It 
might  work  a  great  inconvenience  to  some  people  if  you  would  make 
that  rule. 

VOICES.    Question,  question. 

S.  F.  HUBER,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  move  that  that  be  re 
ferred  to  the  proper  committee. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is  that  this  be  referred  to  the 
proper  committee.  Are  you  ready  to  vote  on  this  ? 

VOICES.     Question,  question.  . 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  All  favoring  this  indicate  by  uplifted 
hands.  Contrary,  like  sign.  It  prevails,  and  is  so  referred. 

209 

14 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

REV.  H.  DEAL,  of  Minnesota  Conference.  The  Committee  on 
Memoirs  is  ready  to  report. 

DR.  FUNK.    I  have  an  item  of  miscellaneous  business. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  gentleman  said  he  had  his  report 
read,  but  if  there  is  anything  of  a  miscellaneous  character — . 

DR.  FUNK.  I  desire  to  introduce  to  the  Conference  Master  Irvin 
Kevan,  and  a  son  of  Brother  Hess,  Master  Castle  Hess,  as  the  addi 
tional  pages.  If  they  are  here  I  would  like  to  have  them  stand  on  the 
chairs. 

Master  Hess  appears. 

DR.  FUNK.    This  is  Master  Hess. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  will  you  hear  the  report  of  the  Com 
mittee  on  Memoirs  ?  The  secretary,  Brother  Hott,  will  read. 

Rev.  Geo.  P.  Hott  read  the  report  of  the  Committee  on  Memoirs. 

REPORT    OF    COMMITTEE    ON    MEMOIRS. 

We,  your  Committee  on  Memoirs,  beg  leave  to  report  as  follows : 
WHEREAS,  God  in  his  inscrutable  wisdom  has  called  from  toil  to  re 
ward  our  dear  co-laborers  Bishop  Jas.  W.  Hott,  D.  D.,  LL.  D.,  Presi 
dent  J.  D.  Droke,  Rev.  J.  W.  Howe,  Rev.  R.  P.  Burton,  Rev.  J.  H. 
Richards,  Rev.  J.  D.  Donovan,  and  Rev.  H.  Doty,  and  our  honored 
laymen,  John  Dodds,  C.  Howard,  and  F.  B.  Arford,  chosen  representa 
tives  of  their  people  in  the  General  Conference  of  the  Church,  we 
therefore  recommend  that  suitable  memorial  services  be  held  in  their 
honor  on  Monday,  May  15,  1905,  beginning  at  the  hour  of  3:  00  p.  M. 
And  we  further  recommend  the  following  program : 

MEMORIAL  PROGRAM. 

Conductor  of  services,  Bishop  G.  M.  Mathews. 
Director  of  music,  Prof.  E.  S.  Lorenz. 

1.  Singing  by  the  Conference. 

2.  Scripture  reading,  Bishop  J.  S.  Mills. 

3.  Prayer,  Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart. 

4.  Singing  by  the  Arion  Quartet. 

Addresses. 
1.     On  life  of  Bishop  James  W.  Hott,  D.  D.,  LL.  D.,  Bishop  N. 

Castle. 
2.-    On  life  of  President  J.  D.  Droke,  Dr.  T.  C.  Carter. 

3.  On  life  of  Rev.  J.  W.  Howe,  Rev.  A.  S.  Hammack. 
Singing  by  the  quartet. 

4.  On  life  of  Rev.  R.  P.  Burton,  Dr.  W.  M.  Bell. 

5.  On  life  of  Rev.  J.  H.  Richards,  Dr.  Geo.  A.  Funkhouser. 

6.  On  life  of  Rev.  J.  D.  Donovan,  Rev.  Geo.  P.  Hott. 

210 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

7.  On  life  of  Kev.  H.  Doty,  Kev.  F.  P.  Rosselot. 
Singing  by  the  Conference. 

8.  On  life  of  Mr.  John  Dodds,  Dr.  Wm.  McKee. 

9.  On  life  of  Mr.  O.  Howard,  Rev.  J.  A.  Cummins. 
10.     On  life  of  Mr.  F.  B.  Arford,  Dr.  J.  T.  Hobson. 

Singing  by  the  quartet. 

Dismissal  prayer,  Dr.  W.  R.  Funk. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

H.  DEAL,  Chairman,, 
GEO.  P.  HoTT,  Secretary, 
L.  L.   SCHOONOVER, 

G.  W.  MATER, 

W.  F.  PARKER, 

EMMA  CRAIG, 

C.  L.  GARD, 

H.  J.  ROOP, 

MRS.  LIZZIE  BRONSON, 

Committee. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  the  reading  of  this  report. 
What  will  you  do  with  it  ? 

DR.  D.  W.  SPRINKLE,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  I  move  its  adop 
tion. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded  as  you  have 
heard. 

REV.  S.  W.  KEISTER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  to  amend 
this  report,  and  say  that  these  memorial  services  shall  be  on  Tuesday 
at  three  o'clock,  so  as  not  to  conflict  with  the  other  order. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded  as  you  have 
heard,  to  say  instead  of  Monday  at  three  o'clock  it  be  Tuesday  at  three 
o'clock  in  the  afternoon.  Are  you  ready  for  the  amendment  ?  All  in 
favor  indicate  it  by  uplifted  hands.  Contrary,  same  sign.  It  pre 
vails. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  on  the  report  as  amended  are  you 
ready  \  All  favoring  its  adoption  show  your  hands.  Opposed,  like 
sign.  It  is  adopted. 

REV.  T.  D.  CRITES,  of  Topeka  church.  I  was  out  yesterday  when 
the  matter  came  up  for  arranging  to  meet  the  local  expenses  of  the 
entertainment.  I  understand  that  the  statement  was  made,  and  it 
was  made  according  to  the  suggestion  of  the  committee  at  that  time, 

211 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

that  all  parties  would  settle  directly  with  the  committee,  and  in  so  far 
that  is  true;  but  the  secretary  informs  me  that  it  will  simplify  mat 
ters  very  much,  and  will  help  us  to  expedite  our  business,  if  we  have 
it  satisfactorily  arranged  that  every  person  being  entertained  pays 
his  own  entertainment,  and  brings  back  a  voucher  properly  signed  by 
the  lady  who  entertains.  He  will  then  get  his  money  from  the~  local 
committee,  in  conjunction  with  Dr.  McKee.  We  make  this  request 
for  this  reason :  If  every  one  had  taken  the  regular  assignment  on  the 
flat  rate,  there  would  not  be  this  necessity,  but  some  chose  to  take 
lodging  at  one  place  and  meals  at  another,  paying  a  little  more  than 
the  flat  rate;  thus  it  would  complicate  matters  very  much  for  us  to 
settle  your  bills  with  the  parties  who  entertain.  We  will  send  a  state 
ment  to  the  parties  entertaining  you  that  you  are  to  settle  with  them, 
filling  out  this  voucher,  returning  it  to  us,  which  will  be  certified  by 
you  and  the  party  to  whom  you  are  indebted  for  board  or  lodging, 
that  this  is  the  correct  amount  for  entertainment.  Now  is  there  any 
question  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  if  there  are  any  questions,  I  do  hope 
that  the  brethren  will  ask  the  committee  and  Brother  Crites  in  private. 

REV.  J.  W.  LAKE,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference.  There  is  one  matter  in 
this  controversy  that  we  desire  to  know.  The  amount  that  you  desire 
brought  back  will  be  the  full  amount,  excess  and  all  ? 

REV.  MR.  CRITES.    Yes,  sir. 

REV.  J.  W.  LAKE.    And  then  you  reimburse  me  the  flat  rate  ? 

REV.  MR.  CRITES.    That  is  correct. 

MR.  CHAS.  JOHNSON,  of  Columbia  River  Conference.  The  visitors 
are  sent  out  by  this  same  committee.  They  are  expected  to  pay  their 
own  board.  Do  you  want  that  returned  ? 

REV.  MR.  CRITES.  We  do  not  care  anything  about  that.  If  the  lady 
does  not  collect  her  board,  I  guess  you  will  get  away. 

REV.  J.  L.  BRANDENBURG,  of  Lower  Wabash  Conference.  If  a  dele 
gate  has  not  money  enough  to  settle  his  board  bill,  how  are  you  going 
to  do  it  ? 

REV.  MR.  CRITES.  Go  to  the  committee  and  get  some  advance 
money.- 

DR.  FUNK.    Ask  the  committee. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Any  other  report  ready?  Is  there  any 
thing  else  you  wish  to  present  before  we  adjourn? 

212 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

REV.  J.  B.  CONNETT,  of  Lower  Wabash  Conference.  We  have  been 
expecting  some  one  to  say  something  about  the  reports  of  the  proceed 
ings  of  Conference  in  the  Topeka  Capital.  I  do  not  know  whether 
the  paper  is  being  read  or  not.  The  facts  are  we  are  getting  more 
than  our  money's  worth.  We  are  getting  a  great  deal  of  ridiculous 
matter,  not  only  things  that  are  not  true,  but  things  that  are  ridicu 
lously  untrue.  I  understand  that  hundreds  of  papers  are  going  to 
our  friends,  and  it  would  seem  that  this  is  a  political  convention, 
where  the  men  now  in  office  are  trembling  lest  they  be  defeated  and 
the  main  part  of  the  Conference  are  hungry  for  office.  Now  some 
thing  ought  to  be  done  to  correct  this.  It  is  a  shame  that  such  re 
ports  go  back  to  our  friends.  We  are  not  getting  what  we  thought  we 
were  to  get.  I  signed  a  protest  a  while  ago  about  this  matter.  Some 
thing  ought  to  be  done. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Well,  I  do  not  know  who  is  responsible  for 
these  reports. 

DR.  W.  M.  BELL,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference.  Perhaps  this  ought  to 
be  stated,  that  we  have  a  reporter  for  each  one  of  the  daily  papers  in 
here,  and  he  does  the  work  as  he  sees  fit.  The  question  has  been 
raised  whether  it  is  not  the  province  of  this  Conference  to  decide  who 
shall  do  this  reporting  that  goes  back  to  our  people.  There  has  been 
a  tendency  to  catch  after  that  which  is  sensational,  and  that  is  where 
we  have  been  humiliated. 

REV.  J.  SIMONS,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference.  I  would  like  to  move 
that  a  reporter  be  authorized  by  this  Conference  to  give  a  report  to 
the  Topeka  Capital  if  I  can  get  a  second. 

Seconded  by  Rev.  I.  Bennehoff,  of  Erie  Conference. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  moved  and  seconded,  as  you  have 
heard,  that  this  General  Conference  elect  a  reporter  for  this  body  for 
the  Topeka  Capital. 

DR.  FUNK.  I  do  not  know  what  the  motion  was.  May  I  know  that 
before  I  vote  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is  that  the  Conference  elect 
a  reporter  for  the  Topeka  Capital. 

DR.  FUNK.  May  I  explain  in  regard  to  this  motion?  Before  I 
came  to  this  Conference  I  wrote  a  number  of  letters  to  the  chairman 
of  the  committee  here,  asking  him  to  see  the  editor  of  the  Topeka 
Capital,  and  to  arrange  for  this  report,  and  in  view  of  that  to  make 

213 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

that  paper  the  official  organ  of  this  body.  I  went  even  farther  than 
that  afterwards,  and  wrote  the  editor  of  the  Topeka  Capital,  suggest 
ing  Rev.  J.  P.  Miller,  of  Dayton,  Ohio,  as  a  competent  man  to  do  that 
work.  They  respectfully  declined,  and  said  they  had  their  own  man 
who  would  have  charge  of  the  work.  That  was  the  situation  until  I 
saw  the  humiliating  condition  of  affairs  in  this  morning's  paper.  You 
know  as  much  about  that  as  I  do,  and  you  had  just  as  much  to  do  with 
it  as  I  had. 

REV.  J.  B.  CONNETT,  of  Lower  Wabash  Conference.  Only  this,  that 
Dr.  Funk  promised  us  that  there  would  be  competent  editorials  con 
cerning  the  proceedings  of  the  Conference.  We  subscribed  for  the 
paper  for  our  friends  expecting  that. 

DR.  FUNK.  I  think  this  will  answer  that :  The  report  of  the  Capi 
tal  on  the  work  of  the  Conference  is  all  right.  Is  there  any  objection 
to  that  ?  As  I  understand  it,  it  is  the  effort  for  a  newspaper  sensation 
here  that  is  objected  to  by  this  Conference,  and  I  object  to  it  as  much 
as  you  do.  I  will  vote  just  as  emphatically  to  do  away  with  it  as  you 
will. 

REV.  L.  W.  STAHL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  that  we  con 
demn  the  sensational  article  or  notice  in  the  Capital,  and  that  we 
kindly  ask  them  not  to  publish  anything  of  that  character  in  the 
future. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    You  have  a  motion  before  you  already. 

REV.  T.  D.  CRITES,  of  Topeka  church.  I  rise  to  a  question  of  privi 
lege.  I  rise  to  defend  the  Daily  Capital  and  its  reporter.  He  has 
not  put  anything  in  the  paper  unless  somebody  has  been  informing 
him  of  these  things.  Now  if  you  will  not  inform  him  of  anything 
sensational,  I  will  assure  you  there  will  be  nothing  sensational  in  the 
Capital.  [Applause.] 

REV.  J.  L.  GRIMM,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  This  reporter  has 
no  business  to  pick  up  sensations;  let  him  report  the  proceedings  and 
we  are  satisfied. 

VOICES.    Agreed,  agreed. 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  The  sore  has  been 
made,  the  plaster  is  sufficiently  large  already  to  cover  the  sore,  and  I 
therefore  move  to  lay  the  motion  on  the  table. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    All  favorable  to  laying  the  motion  on  the 

214 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

table  will  indicate  by  uplifted  hands.     All  opposed,  like  sign.     It  pre 
vails  unanimously. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.     The  hour  is  here  for  adjournment 
KEV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.     The  Committee 
on  Order  of  Business  is  ready  to  report. 

Mr.  S.  E.  Kumler,  of  Miami  Conference,  secretary  of  said  com 
mittee,  read  the  report. 

Your  Committee  on  Order  of  Business  respectively  begs  to  recom 
mend  the  following  order  for  Monday,  May  15 : 

Report  of  Committee  No.  10,  Boundaries. 

No.  26,  Salaries. 

No.  11,  Publishing  Interests. 

No.  23,  Circulation  of  the  Bible. 

No.  13,  Superintendency. 

No.  9,  Union  Biblical  Seminary. 

No.  22,  Churches  and  Parsonages. 

Special  order  for  3 : 00  P.  M.  Report  of  the  Secretary  of  the 
Woman's  Missionary  Association. 

A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  Chairman. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  have  heard  this  report.  What  will 
you  do  with  it  ? 

A  motion  to  adopt  was  seconded  and  said  report  was  approved. 

The  chairmen  of  several  committees  announced  meetings. 

It  was  agreed,  on  recommendation  of  Rev.  Geo.  P.  Hott,  that  the 
program  for  memorial  services,  on  Monday  afternoon  at  three  o'clock, 
should  be  printed. 

At  this  time  the  Arion  Quartet,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference,  sang 
"Come,  Spirit  Come";  also,  "The're  is  an  isle  up  the  river  of  time." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  As  many  of  you  as  are  ready  for  adjourn 
ment  give  your  consent  by  saying  aye.  Opposed,  no.  It  prevails. 
We  will  ask  Dr.  D.  R.  Miller  to  pronounce  the  benediction. 


FOURTH  DAY— MORNING  SESSION. 

MONDAY,  May  15,  1905,  8 :  30  A.  M. 

Bishop  Kephart  called  the  Conference  to  order,  and  announced  that 
Rev.  W.  F.  Cronk,  of  Des  Moines  Conference,  would  have  charge 
of  the  devotional  services. 

215 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Professor  Mohn,  of  Toledo,  Iowa,  conducted  the  singing. 

Conference  then  joined  in  singing  No.  178,  "I  need  thee  every 
hour." 

Rev.  Mr.  Cronk  then  read  from  the  American  Revision  the  second 
epistle  of  Peter,  first  chapter,  beginning  with  the  second  verse.  This 
was  followed  by  song  No.  224,  "I  am  thine,  O  Lord,"  and  a  season  of 
prayer  in  which  Brothers  Lilly,  De  Munbrun,  Ressler,  and  Schell 
participated.  Special  music  was  rendered  by  Professor  Mohn  and 
Evangelist  Clark,  entitled,  "There  is  a  land  my  eye  has  seen."  [Ap 
plause.] 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  minutes  of  the  previous  session  will 
be  read. 

Secretary  Snyder  read  the  minutes  of  Saturday's  proceedings  and 
they  were  approved. 

The  roll  of  conferences  was  then  called  for  the  presentation  of 
memorials,  etc.,  and  J.  L.  Brandenburg,  of  Lower  Wabash  Confer 
ence,  presented  two  papers,  which  were  referred  to  the  Committee  on 
Boundaries. 

Mrs.  B.  F.  Witt,  of  Miami  Conference,  presented  a  memorial,  which 
was  referred  to  Committee  No.  13. 

Rev.  W.  F.  Gruver,  of  Virginia  Conference,  presented  a  memorial 
from  his  conference  on  conference  representation,  which  was  referred 
to  Committee  No.  17. 

Rev.  C.  H.  Cox,  of  West  Virginia,  presented  a  memorial  on  repre 
sentation  from  West  Virginia  Conference,  which  was  referred  to 
Committee  No.  17. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Have  you  any  items  of  a  miscellaneous 
nature  which  you  wish  to  introduce  now? 

DR.  FUNK.  Mr.  Chairman,  it  is  the  intention  to  issue  the  proceed 
ings  of  this  General  Conference  in  book  form,  as  we  have  always  is 
sued  it.  We  have  prepared  a  blank  for  your  subscription  to  this 
book.  Heretofore  we  have  issued  it  at  a  loss  to  the  House,  and  I  pre 
sume  we  will  be  required  to  do  so  again.  The  price  is  placed  at  one 
dollar  for  this  publication,  a  description  of  which  is  found  on  this 
paper  (in  my  hand)  and  I'  will  not  take  time  to  read  it,  but  if  the 
chair  please,  we  will  distribute  these  circulars. 

The  circulars  were  then  distributed. 

DR.  FUNK.    You  may  hand  your  subscription  to  Mr.  Senseny. 

216 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

PROF.  E.  S.  LORENZ,  of  Miami  Conference.  I  would  like  to  call  for 
that  resolution  011  posture  in  prayer,  which  was  referred  to  the  ap 
propriate  committee.  It  don't  seem  to  have  materialized.  Will  the 
chair  please  indicate  to  what  committee  that  should  be  referred? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    The  Committee  on  Formulas. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,,  of  Neosho  Conference.  That  paper  was  not 
referred  to  the  Committe  on  Formulas,  and  I  don't  think  it  belongs 
there.  It  was  referred  after  the  secretary  read  it  to  the  Committee  on 
Devotion. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  believe  you  are  correct.  It  was  referred 
to  the  Committee  on  Devotion. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  if  you  have  no  more  miscellaneous 
business,  I  have  a  little  item  of  a  miscellaneous  nature,  and  Brother 
Castle  will  occupy  the  chair  for  a  moment  or  two. 

Bishop  Castle  assumes  the  chair. 

BISHOP  KEPHART'S  ADDRESS  TO  THE  CONFERENCE  UPON  HIS  RETIREMENT 
FROM  ACTIVE  DUTIES  AS  BISHOP. 

BISHOP  KEPHART.  Mr.  Chairman  and  members  of  the  Conference: 
I  have  never  at  any  time  made  a  single  request  of  my  Church  or  a 
favor.  Even  when  I  was  sent  out  to  preach  I  never  asked  for  the 
credentials.  I  was  a  student  in  college  and  there  were  credentials 
sent  to  me  through  the  mails.  But  this  morning  I  have  a  request  that 
I  am  going  to  ask  at  the  hands  of  this  body,  and  that  request  is  that 
in  so  far  as  my  relation  to  the  Church  as  an  active  bishop,  having 
charge  of  a  district,  I  kindly  ask  of  this  General  Conference  not  to 
consider  my  name  in  that  relation.  I  have  had  but  one  rule  in  my 
life  that  has  governed  me,  and  that  rule  governs  me  this  morning. 
It  is  simply  this :  When  any  matters  of  gravity,  arising  in  matters 
relative  to  state  or  matters  relative  to  the  Church,  or  to  make  any 
ruling,  or  to  make  an  decision  whatever,  I  have  always  put  myself  in 
this  relation — I  have  asked  myself  the  question,  "What  would  Jesus 
do  if  he  were  in  my  place  now  '?"  And  that  is  the  relation  that  I  have 
put  myself  in  this  morning  after  four  years  of  careful,  earnest 
thought  and  prayer,  which  I  never  breathed  to  anybody,  I  believe,  un 
til  yesterday  I  mentioned  it  to  one  or  two  friends,  and  that  is  the  con 
clusion  I  have  reached. 

My  life  in  the  service  of  the  Church  is  known,  and  I  have  nothing 
to  say  respecting  it.  I  feel  this  morning,  brethren,  like  the  old  pagan 
Roman  did.  He  was  the  greatest  Roman  of  them  all.  He  said,  when 
he  was  in  years  aboxut  where  I  am  in  life,  "If  the  gods  were  to  give  me 
the  privilege  to  become  a  baby  again,  and  be  rocked  in  the  cradle, 
I  would  not  accept  it,  in  that  I  think  I  have  lived  my  life  well."  And 

217 


TWENTY-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

I  say  in  that,  I  think  I  have  served  my  Church  and  the  cause  of  God 
well.  I  have  never  had  a  single  reflection  to  cast  upon  my  Church 
for  its  treatment  of  me.  Those  who  are  here,  with  whom*  I  have  as 
sociated  in  the  relation  that  I  sustain  to-day,  and  every  relation  that 
I  have  sustained  to  the  Church,  know  me,  that  my  life  has  been  open 
and  frank,  and  what  I  had  to  say  and  what  I  had  to  do  I  always  did 
it,  not  coveting  the  smiles  on  the  one  hand,  nor  regarding  the  frowns 
on  the  other,  when  it  came  to  a  sense  of  duty.  God  bless  you. 

BISHOP  CASTLE.  There  comes  to  every  life  that  has  lived  the  usual 
length  of  time  that  which  may  be  regarded  as  a  sort  of  a  crisis,  and  I 
think  of  this  scene  that  is  before  us  now  as  something  of  a  crisis. 

The  first  time  that  I  met  this  brother  was  away  back  at  a  General 
Conference,  about  forty  years  ago,  as  I  remember,  possibly  thirty-six 
years  ago,  held  in  Lebanon,  Pennsylvania.  He  was  then  a  young 
man,  his  hair  was  raven,  he  was  ruddy  and  flush  with  the  glow  of 
youthful  manhood.  He  represented  then  in  that  early  life  the  edu 
cational  work  of  the  Church  in  the  West.  I  remember  him  quite  well ; 
and  so  our  acquaintance  from  that  time  on  has  grown  and  ripened 
through  the  years  until  this  present  hour.  I  have  had  great  admira 
tion  for  his  executive  ability,  for  he  has  been  the  strong  man  on  our 
Board  of  Bishops,  as  you  know.  When  it  came  to  matters  of  close 
decision,  matters  where  the  law  of  the  Church  was  involved,  we  have 
rested  heavily  upon  him.  I  think  I  can  say  this  in  behalf  of  the  mem 
bers  of  the  Board  associated  with  him  and  me;  and  now  we  come  to 
this  place  where  he  in  a  measure  wishes  to  step  aside,  and  at  a  mo 
ment  like  this — there  is  a  record  made  in  the  New  Testament  that  I 
think  of  very  much  of  late,  and  that  is  where  there  is  a  disciple 
named  that  was  the  host  of  Paul  who  was  called  an  old  disciple. 
Brethren,  what  a  record,  what  an  epitaph  to  put  on  a  tombstone — an 
old  disciple!  Youth  has  drifted  away,  the  summertime  of  life  has 
gone,  and  the  autumn  time  is  here.  The  woodlands  are  adrip  with 
water,  the  winds  are  cold  and  biting,  the  frost  has  put  its  teeth  into 
the  leaf  of  plant  and  flower,  and  winter  will  soon  hang  on  fields  and 
woodlands  and  mountains  and  valleys.  The  icy  chains  will  wrap  and 
bind  up  all  the  waters  in  their  fetters.  What  a  time  and  what  a 
statement  to  make  concerning  life — an  old  disciple!  I  will  tell  you, 
brethren,  while  we  would  admit  and  welcome  the  new  most  gladly 
and  joyously,  we  must  not  let  all  the  old  things  go.  We  must  stick 
by  the  old  faith,  the  old  gospel,  the  old  doctrines ;  sometimes  we  say, 

218 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

the  old-time  religion.  [Voices.  Amen.]  Stick  to  these,  and  I  am 
sure  as  one  steps  a  little  aside  from  the  active  work,  he  will  be  shown 
the  highest  esteem,  and  there  will  come  a  day  when  forms  that  walk 
the  streets  and  walk  in  the  yards,  and  walk  down  along  the  paths  of 
life  will  walk  no  more.  Oh,  I  often  think,  if  I  am  sometimes  a  little 
uncharitable  to  somebody,  maybe  I  have  been  a  little  severe,  I  think 
perhaps  the  time  will  come  when  I  may  look  into  the  cold,  dead  faces, 
when  the  coffin-lids  are  thrown  back,  perhaps  not  far  ahead,  and  how 
I  ought  to  cherish  kindly  thoughts  toward  that  one,  for  that  time 
comes  to  us  all. 

And  now  Brother  Kephart  does  not  wish  much  said,  and  so  I  must 
not  trespass  on  his  feelings ;  but  I  will  say,  Let  us  turn  aside  for  a 
few  brief  prayers.  I  should  not  restrain  your  spirits  or  the  spirit 
that  comes  to  you  for  prayer,  and  I  will  call  upon  the  following 
brethren,  if  you  please,  to  lead  in  prayer  in  the  order  named.  I  am 
wondering  if  we  may  not  all  stand  with  bowed  heads  at  this  time : 
Brother  Fout,  Brother  Seneff,  Brother  Babel,  Brother  C.  I.  B.  Brane. 
In  this  order;  will  you  please  pray? 

Conference  arose  and  the  prayers  were  made  in  the  order  named. 

BISHOP  CASTLE.  I  would  ask  that  we  pause  a  few  moments  longer 
and  invite  the  Arion  Quartet  to  sing.  Will  you  please  come  forward 
and  sing? 

The  Arion  Quartet  then  favored  the  Conference  with  a  song,  en 
titled,  "My  Faith  Clings  to  Jesus." 

BISHOP  MATHEWS.    Praise  the  Lord. 

Dr.  Funk  offered  the  following  resolution : 

Resolved,  That,  in  view  of  the  sacrifices  made  and  the  splendid  serv 
ice  rendered  the  Church,  to  which  they  have  given  their  lives,  I  move 
that  Bishop  N.  Castle,  D.  D.,  and  Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart,  D.  D.,  be 
made  bishops  emeritus,  and  their  compensation  be  one-half  the 
amount  given  an  active  bishop. 

W.  E.  FUNK. 

D.  D.  LOWERY. 

This  resolution  was  adopted  unanimously  by  a  rising  vote. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Is  Report  23,  on  circulation  of  the  Bible, 
ready  ? 

REV.  H.  R.  HESS,  of  West  Virginia  Conference.  Ready.  Brother 
J.  W.  Willis,  of  Southeast  Ohio  Conference,  will  read  the  report. 


219 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 
REPORT  OF  COMMITTEE  ON  CIRCULATION  OF  THE  BIBLE. 

We,  your  Committee  on  Circulation  of  the  Bible,  beg  leave  to  re 
port  as  follows : 

We  believe  the  Bible,  Old  and  New  Testament,  to  be  the  word  of 
God,  in  both  of  which  he  reveals  himself  and  his  will  to  the  children 
of  men.  Observation  teaches  us  that  he  who  knows  his  Bible  well, 
and  submits  his  life  to  its  teaching,  is  best  prepared  to  fill  his  mis 
sion  among  men  or  among  nations.  We  therefore  clearly  recognize 
the  importance  of  the  circulation  of  the  Scriptures  among  men  every 
where.  We  are  glad  to  note  that  the  Bible  is  being  published  at  such 
a  low  price  that  its  cost  is  no  longer  a  hindrance  to  its  circulation 
among  the  common  people.  We  rejoice  in  the  fact  that  our  own 
Publishing  House  at  Dayton,  Ohio,  has  been  able  to  sell  so  large  a 
number  of  Bibles  during  the  quadrennium. 

We  hail  with  delight  the  continuance  of  the  American  Bible  So 
ciety,  and  rejoice  to  learn  from  its  last  annual  report  that  it  is  now 
publishing  the  Scriptures  in  more  than  one  hundred  languages  and 
dialects,  and  that  during  the  last  year  over  "one  million  and  a  half 
copies  of  the  Old  and  New  Testament  Scriptures  were  put  into  cir 
culation."  It  is  with  great  pleasure  that  we  find  such  a  large  number 
of  Bibles  are  being  circulated  and  read  in  our  new  island  possessions. 
We  rejoice  in  the  Scripture-reading  Circle  among  our  Y.  P.  C.  U. 
societies,  which  has  now  reached  the  splendid  number  of  nearly  two 
thousand.  We  would  make  the  following  suggestions: 

1.  That  after  this  circle  finishes  the  reading  of  the  New  Testa 
ment   Scriptures,  we  then  take  up  the  Old  Testament  in  a  similar 
reading. 

2.  That  all   of   our   Sunday-school   superintendents   and   teachers 
should  encourage  their  pupils  to  purchase  Bibles  for  their  own  per 
sonal  use,  and  that  they  provide  some   method  to   supply   any  who 
may  not  be  able  to  buy  for  themselves. 

3.  That  each  pastor  take  a  collection  from  his  congregation  for  the 
American  Bible  Society. 

4.  We  recognize  the  American  Standard  Revision  of  the  Bible  as 
the  very  best  revision  extant,  and  recommend  it  to  all  our  people. 

H.  R.  HESS,  Chairman. 
J.  W.  WILLIS,  Secretary. 
HELEN  GOULD. 
MRS.  MATTIE  M.  STONER. 

REV.  J.  H.  PATTERSON,  of  Louisiana  Conference.  I  move  its  adop 
tion. 

Seconded. 

COL.  ROBERT  COWDEN,  of  Miami  Conference.  In  the  reading  I  did 
not  discover  any  mention  of  the  American  Revised  Version,  which  I 

220 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

think  ought  to  be  mentioned  in  this  connection  as  the  very  best  ver 
sion  extant.  I  move  to  amend  the  report  to  include  such  recommen 
dation. 

Seconded. 

REV.  J.  \V.  WILLIS.  I  would  suggest  that  each  pastor  give  an  op 
portunity  to  his  congregation  to  contribute  to  the  work  of  the  Amer 
ican  Bible  Society. 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER.  Now.  Mr.  President,  I  move  to  amend  by  say 
ing  that  each  pastor  solicit  publicly  from  his  congregation  a  collec 
tion,  instead  of  giving  the  opportunity. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Perhaps  the  brother  would  accept  that. 

REV.  J.  W.  WILLIS.    Yes. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Brother  McKee  desires  at  this  time  to  make 
his  report  as  Missionary  Treasurer.  Will  it  please  the  Conference  to 
hear  the  report  ? 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

The  reports  are  distributed. 

REV.  G.  H.  HINTON,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  think  it  is  a  mistake 
to  distribute  these  reports.  I  know  I  have  been  bothered,  and  I 
suggest  that  these  reports  be  not  distributed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  But  they  were  ordered  distributed.  You 
see  that  is  the  trouble. 

REV.  W.  D.  STRATTON,  of  Michigan  Conference.  I  would  just  sim 
ply  say  that  we  ought  to  have  the  printed  reports,  as  we  cannot  hear 
much  of  it  read  in  this  part  of  the  room. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  They  will  be  distributed.  You  will  get 
them.  Please  distribute  them  as  rapidly  as  possible. 

While  this  distribution  was  going  on  Dr.  Funk  also  distributed 
Disciplines  to  those  who  had  not  already  received  them. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  Could  it  be  possible 
while  the  reports  are  being  read  to  have  the  doors  closed  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  suppose  this  Conference  is  competent  to 
order  and  hold  the  doors  closed.  You  may  have  to  appoint  a  sergeant- 
at-arms  whose  business  shall  be  to  see  that  it  is  done.  Now,  brethren, 
be  as  quiet  as  possible. 

Dr.  William  McKee  then  read  his  report. 


221 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

REPORT  OF  THE  TREASURER  OF  THE  HOME,  FRONTIER,  AND  FOREIGN 
MISSIONARY  SOCIETY. 

RECEIPTS. 

General  Fund   $88,083  10 

Twentieth   Century    0,247  84 

Mission-debt  Fund  52.020  57 

Porto  Rico,   collections    13,508  07 

Porto  Rico,  specialties 2,202  46 

African    Mission    1,676  56 

Training  School    636  75 

Other  specials  for  Africa 1,021  25 

Freetown   Academy    526  15 

Japan,   collections    3,087  41 

Japan,    special   collections    1.444  24 

For  education  of  missionaries 200  00 

Home  Mission,   collections   1.621  67 

Thank   offerings,   collected    1.542  31 

"Pay-as-You-Go"    Fund    1,578  70 

Sabbath  Schools,  for  missions 598  34 

Johnson   City,  Tennessee    31  00 

New   Permanent  Fund    1.401  40 

Interest  collected    17,713  26 

Search  Light,   Subs,  and  Adv 3.522  23 

Books  and  Music,  sold   281  44 

Bequests 2,632  22 

Life  Loans  collected    1,700  00 

Miscellaneous   collections    1,818  83 


$208,095  8O 

Permanent  Fund  Loans  returned   $74.968  16 

Current  Loans  collected   65,130  59 


$140,098  75 
Balance  in  Treasury.  March  3,  1901  3,886  47 


$352,081  02 
EXPENDITURES. 

FOREIGN    FIELDS. 

Paid  to  African  Mission $21.048  83 

Additional,  specials  to  Africa   1,021  25 

Paid   to  Japan    21.210  69 

Additional,   specials  to  Japan   1,444  24 

Paid  to  Porto  Rico   22,128  71 

Additional,  specials  to  Porto  Rico 1,619  38 

Paid  to  Germany   6,421  00 


$  74,894  10 

HOME  FIELD. 

California  Conference   $  3.442  85 

Oregon    Conference 4,294  95 

Columbia  River  Conference   2.651  70 

Colorado  Conference    3,094  75 

222 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IN    CHRIST 

West  Nebraska  Conference   1,176  30 

Northwest  Kansas  Conference    1,017  00 

Northeast  Kansas  Conference 1,225  00 

Neosho   Conference    559  65 

Arkansas  Valley  Conference    50  00 

Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference 100  00 

Oklahoma  Conference    5,756  30 

Louisiana   Conference    2,296  54 

Georgia  Conference   .- 2,605  20 

East  Tennessee  Conference   1,948  25 

West  Tennessee  Conference 2,532  60 

Miami  Conference   200  00 

Illinois    Conference    450  00 

Lower   Wabash   Conference    582  00 

Northern   Illinois   Conference    4,073  00 

Minnesota  Conference   1,250  46 

St.   Joseph  Conference    200  00 

North  Nebraska  Conference 531  50 

East  Nebraska  Conference 891  66 

WThite   River   Conference    1,299  00 

Michigan    Conference    1,707  85 

Ontario  Conference   1,474  81 

Allegheny   Conference    1,405  00 

Kentucky   Conference    217  00 

Southeast  Ohio  Conference   2.265  76 

East   Ohio   Conference    725  00 

Erie  Conference   100  00 

Pennsylvania  Conference    14-1  65 

Virginia    Freedmen    300  00 

Chickamauga   Freedmen    364  00 

Superintendent   Southern   District    3,250  17 

Upper  Wabash   Conference    328  50 

West  Virginia  Conference    482  00 

Virginia    Conference    41  66 

Sandusky   Conference    1.050  00 

Iowa   Conference    100  00 

Missouri  Conference    25  00 

Des   Moines  Conference    •  1,250  00 

Interest  and  annuities  paid   14,738  45 

Printing  and  circulating  Search  Light 5,632  81 

Printing,  bulletins,  circulars,  tracts,  station 
ery,    etc 1,823  10 


$  79,651  47 
$154,545  57 

OTHER   EXPENDITURES. 

Salary  of  Officers  and  Field  Secretary $15,338  21 

Traveling  expenses,  Officers  and  Board   ....  2,932  24 

Postage,  telegrams,   expressage,   etc 1.952  93 

Furnishing  and  keeping  mission  rooms 919  33 

Clerk   hire    3,444  35 

Lawyers,  courts,  legal  matters 907  80 

223 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Debt  collection  expenses  2,569  87 

Freetown  Academy  Agent    278  16 

Books,  tracts,  maps,  etc.,  bought   355  30 

Taxes,  insurance,  improvements   837  23 

Miscellaneous  expenses   1,424  55 


$  30,959  97 

Permanent  Fund  Loans  replaced   §78,667  54 

Contingent  Loan  paid 86,878  06 


$165,545  60 
Balance  in  Treasury,  March  31.  1905  1,029  88 

$352,081  02 


224 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 


GENERAL  MISSION  FUND  COLLECTIONS  FOR  QUADRENNIUM  ENDING  MARCH  31,  1905. 


BLDS  OF 

LABOR. 

General  Fund  col 
lected  for  Parent 
Board  for  year 
ending  March  31, 
1902. 

Ifili 

.2  *  g  «,^ 
•CW.2  cs_: 
-  .**  s^5 

ag.2^ 
3     *=  a  03 

Iftf* 

3a«8vs 

§£as2  .S-^si 
15  11   4ta£ 

-oc^  %s°:- 

SST2I.  fijIJsS 

o+ia)Srj     •  S  S1-'  v. 

<D  o,S  a  §i  oSr/}"^  o 

-£-HJ-l    ••H     j-£«t/J    -.- 

—  -M 

88  ».» 

_  J;  c8,d 

O   CO   £  y 

-—  (*,(- 
Snn* 

*<2-S^ 

2«|. 

s»sll 

£-2wg2 

Gen.  Fund,  Home 
Miss.,  Ch.  Ext'n, 
Spec'lties  for  An- 
n  1  Con.  year  end 
ing  Mar.  31,  1904. 

"o"S    is 

"£s2 

T3  S3  m  u 

§**£ 
£s£a 

255  J. 

=>-£  eg  '.Sin 

a  o  c  S2 

|.23)g3 

Gen.  Fund,  Home 
Miss.,  Ch.  Ext'n, 
Spec'lties  for  An- 
n'l  Con.  year  end 
ing  Mar.  31,  1905. 

Totals. 

$2,062  68 

$4,398  35 

$2,300  74 
181  61 
72  37 
107  50 
52  67 
715  08 
333  52 
944  17 
44  05 
1,96833 
384  26 
4  00 

$3,312  29 
743  27 
72  63 
107  62 
56  36 
1,040  29 
358  33 
1,270  80 
61  17 
4,818  29 
993  57 
4  00 

$2,498  00 
365  94 
78  00 
112  85 
61  12 
665  91 
298  50 
1,023  46 
44  22 
3,100  00 
394  36 
11  00 

$4,299  50 
250  00 
78  00 
112  85 
61  12 
766  33 
671  41 
1,240  46 
44  22 
10,349  42 
1,201  83 
10  00 

$2,498  19 
353  94 
101  25 
104  33 
48  50 
749  08 
236  01 
985  93 
28  04 
2,673  11 
407  89 

85,238  25 
354  00 
101  25 
104  33 
48  50 
1,216  64 
237  00 
1,618  43 
28  94 
6,163  32 
408  00 

$26,603  00 
2,248  76 
636  00 
886  72 
407  52 
9,606  64 
2,679  49 
8,738  57 
357  56 
33,204  21 
4,630  91 
2900 
800  00 
2,018  77 
2,879  01 
4,130  26 
110  00 
9,539  80 
13,250  15 
3;363  84 
1,086  83 
1,500  07 
1,543  97 
2,254  92 
7,028  96 
277  53 
2,616  41 
7,144  00 
695  75 
1,822  04 
1,105  46 
23,928  98 
21,866  15 
10,258  82 
16,689  43 
5,773  79 
5,358  60 
400  00 
1,039  68 
130  00 
4.791  59 
9,793  11 
1,666  60 

55  00 

Valley  

66  25 
88  62 
39  53 
675  00 
268  36 
777  91 
50  01 
1,468  28 
420  50 

66  25 

88  62 
39  53 
778  21 
268  36 
777  91 
50  01 
2,669  48 
420  50 

[tibia  River. 
domes  
Nebraska... 
Ohio 

Tennessee.. 
?rn  Penna... 

809  00 
215  CO 
346  00 
400  00 
18  00 
2,606  62 
2,132  06 
387  00 
141  00 
315  00 
189  00 
242  00 
780  00 
44  00 
213  00 
1,640  00 
140  00 
12800 
85  00 
5,296  62 
3,350  61 
801  00 
3.500  00 
1,409  45 
719  00 
400  OC 
75  00 
25  00 
43000 
1,700  09 
152  CO 

266  53 
302  57 
318  04 

266  53 
302  57 
1,035  97 

236  17 
359  10 
328  01 
22  00 
832  92 
1,531  29 
483  81 
148  45 
80  00 
214  02 
257  92 
697  73 
60  62 
243  69 
331  00 

143  42 
87  45 
1,250  00 
2,466  7L 
795  87 
935  14 
403  68 
563  22 

291  39 
381  11 

800  00 
22  00 
1,376  29 
1,705  54 
530  77 
148  45 
312  64 
214  03 
344  34 
851  54 
60  62 
628  50 
1,846  61 
70  60 
442  64 
251  19 
2,000  00 
2,831  42 
2,833  88 
3,234  75 
1,013  58 
600  00 

247  07 
390  85 
287  62 
15  00 
796  69 
1,475  50 
459  23 
126  25 
75  40 
199  16 
357  30 
712  56 
38  92 
241  25 
340  00 
79  52 
143  96 
108  50 
1,809  34 
2,310  13 
819  95 
848  84 
408  97 
61039 

281  08 
450  84 
571  47 
15  00 
1,810  55 
1,805  14 
466  50 
126  25 
75  40 
199  18 
327  98 
1,104  26 
38  92 
516  81 
1,660  00 
80  89 
602  32 
388  88 
5,213  90 
3,110  17 
1,468  63 
3,391  76 
600  00 
1,00000 

215  00 
345  97 
298  15 
18  00 
782  92 
1,491  75 
386  49 
104  43 
214  90 
188  14 
241  18 
779  94 
43  75 
212  36 
328  00 
138  48 
127  18 
70  10 
2,113  50 
2,326  20 
801  01 
910  46 
382  50 
718  13 

»r  Wabash... 

643  29 
1,516  87 
325  02 
128  00 
114  CO 
170  22 
242  10 
725  96 
45  35 
280  40 
289  00 
67  08 
114  26 
57  17 
2,198  38 
2,232  58 
759  12 
1,419  08 
372  64 
523  87 

790  52 
1,600  00 
325  02 
128  00 
412  13 
170  22 
242  10 
1,376  97 
45  35 
28040 
709  39 
67  08 
114  26 
57  17 
4,047  24 
3.238  33 
1,979  35 
2,449  40 
1,181  97 
623  99 

Kansas  
i  Illinois  
i  Nebraska 
.  Kansas  
German  
loma  

iylvania  

Ohio  

iseph  

J  r  Wabash.. 

e  Nebraska. 
(  Tennessee, 
e  Virginia  
|  »  River  

97  25 
35 
440  50 
913  50 
153  95 

97  25 
35 
848  97 
1,329  32 
153  95 

96  38 
3  50 
440  00 
836  93 
144  50 

12  90 

283  20 
3  50 
769  66 
1,451  02 
194  24 

12  90 

98  40 
36  25 
447  49 
812  05 
166  50 

15  00 

205  84 
36  25 
985  41 
1,796  84 
550  00 

15  00 

86  36 
25  00 
429  56 
953  45 
151  59 

.S8ION8. 

5  icky  

I  ilg  



$20,634  8C 

$33,150  61 
20,634  8C 

$21,211  37 

$39,569  92 
21,211  37 

$23,131  35 

$46,763  73 
23,131  35 

$23,105  58 

$44,099  02 
23,10-3  5S 

rr  [  Totals 

$53,785  41 

«fifl  781    90 

$69,895  1C 

$67,203  60 

$251.666  40 

|V 

. 

225 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

TWENTIETH  CENTURY  AND  MISSION  DEBT  FUND. 


CONFERENCES. 

Twentieth 
Century 
Fund.  1902. 

Twentieth 
Century 
Fund.  1903. 

Mission  Debt 
Fund.  1904. 

Mission  Debt 
Fund.  1905. 

$49  16 

$814  65 

$1,986  07 

$1  027  64 

38  01 

367  25 

148  50 

50  00 

75  00 

11  40 

300  70 

84  50 

30  00 

68  00 

286  07 

177  00 

1  00 

149  83 

57  70 

4  00 

31  50 

127  15 

365  81 

1  75 

43  74 

471  46 

159  00 

East  Ohio  

4  00 

317  39 

1,159  62 

836  11 

31  00 

220  65 

314  66 

3  198  19 

583  5* 

Erie  

67  76 

377  94 

114  9C 

7  75 

10  00 

17  5( 

2  00 

41  47 

70  25 

319  8C 

162  20 

359  94 

948  10 

233  Ol 

2  25 

77  88 

410  61 

144  7f 

25  (X 

3  00 

50  00 

5  40 

115  83 

733  80 

842  5' 

129  60 

1  134  58 

1,730  40 

1  613  0; 

27  00 

61  55 

247  51 

205  5' 

10  00 

33  10 

29  15 

55  5' 

8  00 

158  86 

76  V 

Neosho  

34  27 

384  29 

52  2i 

Northeast  Kansas  

5  87 

152  60 

305  86 

376  4 

167  00 

300  85 

726  57 

119  1 

North  Nebraska  

12  00 

54  60 

10  0 

Northwest  Kansas  

29  52 

622  25 

86  1 

11  38 

452  04 

12  5 

58  40 

123  67 

77  6 

21  00 

57  65 

87  25 

35  7 

23  25 

238  31 

125  3 

118  50 

266  02 

1  998  71 

1,738  7 

256  70 

885  67 

1  574  01 

2  9°9  7 

•  25  50 

86  37 

737  51 

665  1 

St.  Joseph.  

92  50 

516  50 

2  049  06 

1  070  6 

550  00 

226  63 

336  22 

630  3 

Virginia  

276  30 

262  38 

454  1 

West  Africa  

50  00 

West  Nebraska  

4  66 

2  80 

247  67 

109  4 

West  Tennessee..  

25  00 

25  ( 

West  Virginia  

60  00 

186  03 

284  72 

652  4 

White  River  

138  00 

289  12 

950  30 

301  i 

10  15 

23  50 

161  76 

21  ( 

MISSION  DISTRICTS,  ETC. 

•  4  50 

35  00 

O,  Whitney's  January  collection  

94  50 

359  14 

John  Dodds'  Estate  

8  400  00 

2  000  00 

Totals  

$2  093  89 

$7  153  95 

$35  289  05 

$16,731  • 

2,093  89 

35,289  ' 

Grand  Total  

$9  247  84 

$52,020 

UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 


SPECIAL  COLLECTIONS  FOR  PORTO  RICO  MISSION  FUND  IN  DETAIL 
FOR  THE  QUADRENNIUM  ENDING  MARCH  31,  1905. 


CONFERENCES. 

Collections  for 
Mission  and 
Building 
Fund.  1902. 

Collections  for 
Mission  and 
Building 
Fund.  1903. 

Collections  for 
Mission  and 
Building 
Fund.  1904. 

Collections  for 
Mission  and 
Building 
Fund.  1905. 

$394  73 

$132  45 

$1  048  46 

$52  00 

34  42 

10  00 

12  80 

55  00 

24  00 

10  00 

35  00 

23  95 

16  05 

31  83 

9  50 

1  00 

89  14 

221  65 

421  00 

130  00 

52  00 

5  00 

463  23 

317  92 

68  25 

134  30 

87  82 

40  00 

22  05 

55  00 

1  45 

39  25 

14  31 

64  29 

10  90 

5  00 

80  01 

16  25 

5  00 

1  40 

36  54 

2  50 

1  00 

500  71 

320  00 

129  19 

188  71 

92  26 

69  70 

21  00 

8  00 

35  77 

14  35 

15  05 

5  00 

44  22 

13  50 

2  55 

312  90 

120  00 

71  42 

47  20 

204  56 

95  00 

25  00 

110  00 

35  73 

2  41 

137  65 

24  00 

47  00 

32  34 

27  51 

1  00 

38  02 

11  00 

33  93 

95  00 

35  20 

1  00 

269  39 

330  00 

74  06 

45  00 

643  52 

426  05 

191  53 

218  04 

181  03 

48  87 

68  26 

42  00 

218  87 

150  60 

140  20 

118  00 

pper  Wabash  

73  70 

26  90 

5  00 

500  00 

50  *5 

109  90 

70  00 

25  00 

27  82 

15  80 

10  00 

103  31 

166  46 

131  25 

134  75 

26  30 

22  30 

MISSION  DISTRICTS,  ETC. 
•kansas  Valley  Conf  Y  P  C  U  -    -    

152  10 

142  70 

109  22 

iamiConf  Y  P  C  U       

516  13 

410  27 

>neral  Y  P  C  U                      ••  - 

183  17 

13  7 

125  OC 

lilding  Fund  exclusively  ...«..'  

144  98 

Totals...  

$5,276  0 

$3,717  58 

$2,813  21 

$1,812  15 

—  —  -  .  

Grand  Total....  $13,619  01 


EXPENDITURES. 


FIELDS  OF 
LABOR. 

Totals  paid  to 
Missions  from 
May,  1853,  to 
March  31,  1901. 

Year  ending 
March  31,  1902. 

Year  ending 
March  31,  1903. 

Year  ending 
March  31,  1904. 

Your  ending 
March  31,1905. 

Total  for 
Quadrenuium. 

Totals  paid  to 
Missions  dur 
ing  the  fifty- 
two  years  since 
orgauizat'n  of 
Miss.  Society. 

FOREIGN  FIELDS— 

$310,941  01 

$5,140  38 
202  55 
1,621  00 
5,034  11 
2.986  45 
2  00 

$4,176  07 
223  00 
1,000  00 
6,248  31 
12,048  73 

$5,877  61 
70  00 
1,600  00 
5,002  02 
3,824  83 

$6,089  25 
183  00 
1,600  00 
6,370  47 
4,564  98 

$21,283  31 

678  55 
6,421  00 
23,748  09 
22,654  98 

$332,072  3C 

Clark  Tr.  Sc.  Students 

56,582  22 
23,704  05 
6,150  33 

53,003  25 
29,888  £ 
46,358  9i 

China 

HOME  FIELDS— 

$16,374  46 
$300  00 

$396,547  04 

$1,350  00 
9,944  26 
56,639  22 
21,502  00 
25,098  63 
1,850  00 
11,539  62 
1,870  00 
31,846  79 

6,945  23 

3,005  19 
2,605  20 
1,375  00 
250  00 
945  56 

15,260  92 
983  00 
7,931  00 
17,367  42 
14,705  74 

793  68 
9,170  90 
12,408  25 

6,482  60 

2,295  04 

9,902  17 
13  000  54 

$14,986  49 

$655  00 
50  00 
858  03 
861  25 
665  53 
250  00 
225  00 
200  00 
612  00 

100  00 
10000 

"    225  "6b 
75  00 
600  00 

105  00 
18300 
405  55 

25  00 

$24,474  35 
$450  00 

$15,045  93 

$70,701  02 

$1,410  00 
50  00 
3,442  55 
2,319  75 
2,651  70 
1,250  00 
891  66 
725  00 
1,948  25 

100  00 

100  00 
2,605  20 
450  00 
10000 
2,296  54 

58000 
200  00 
11,337  15 
1,250  4S 
25  00 

$457,248  Of 

$2,760  Of 
9,994  2t 
60,081  T 
23,821  T. 
27,750  31 
3,100  01 
12,431  2,' 
3,095  0  : 
33,795  0 

7,045  2 

3,125  1 
2,605  2 
1,725  0  ; 
350  0 
3,^42  1 

15,840  8 
1,183  0 
13,445  C 
18,617  £ 
14,730  7 

793  6 
9,720  9 
13,633  2 

10,155  f 

2,797  C 

10,919  1 
13,400  ! 
7,196  ; 
21,126  f 
27,281  E 

4,750  ; 

400  ( 

727  66 
849  14 
691  34 
350  00 
240  00 
250  00 
350  00 

971  34 

778  44 
694  56 
375  00 
210  00 
187  50 
329  80 

885  52 
605  32 
610  27 
275  00 
216  66 
87  50 
656  45 

Columbia  River  

East  Ohio  

East  German  and       1 
Eastern  Penna  f 
Erie  

Georgia  

625  CO 
75  00 
25  00 
601  35 

162  50 
17  00 
414  80 
268  68 

913  17 

50  00 

1,067  03 
100  00 

566  17 

187  50 

529  02 
127  CO 

South'n  Illinois  and  I 
Lower  Wabash       J 

Northern  Michigan   1 
and  Michigan          j 
Minnesota  
South  Missouri  and  ) 
Missouri                    ) 
Massachusetts  

400  00 
484  32 

487  50 
497  46 

200  22 
337  50 

976  67 

120  00 
242  00 

21043 

300  00 

1,173  33 

113  00 
410  00 

140  00 

287  50 

860  00 

137  00 
240  00 

550  65 
1,225  CO 

3,673  00 

522  00 

1,017  00 
400  00 
5,756  30 
1.474  81 
4,294  95 

141  65 

200  00 
1,10000 
2,265  76 
328  50 
41  66 
1,176  30 
2,532  60 

482  00 

1,384  91 
3,250  17 
14,738  45 

217  00 

300  00 

Northeast  Kansas  
Central  and  North     ) 
Illinois 
Elkhorn  and  North   \ 
Nebraska                  / 
Northwest  Kansas  

300  00 
663  CO 

152  50 

125  00 
400  00 
1,622  47 
250  00 
955  82 

10000 

200  00 
100  00 
474  50 
75  00 

Oklahoma  

1,440  48 
19,647  80 
22,988  64 

4,608  93 
200  00 

661  50 
337  31 

1,287  84 

41  65 

1,737  91 
537  50 
1,063  42 

1,734  42 

350  00 

987  87 

Maryland  and            ) 
Pennsylvania           j 

Sandusky  

425  00 
593  75 
53  50 
41  66 

290  80 
397  29 

100  00 

365  00 
666  64 

3,888  89 

167  00 
25  00 

375  00 
597  51 
100  00 

200  00 
600  00 
10000 

2,392  12 
296  00 
870  00 
12,657  95 
1,899  40 

7,517  25 

1,949  41 
4,800  00 
96,374  98 

7,181  60 
17,468  75 
2,280  00 

4,657  ! 
624  i 
911  i 
13,834  : 
4,432  i 

7,999  : 

3,334  : 
8,050 
111,113 

7,398 
17,768 
2280 
789 

Virginia  

J98  75 
640  21 

187  50 

399  41 
831  61 
4,120  87 

50  00 
75  00 

341  75 

742  29 

112  50 

311  50 

824  96 
3,610  78 

245  00 

752  81 

82  00 

309  00 
926  96 
3,117  91 

Parkersburg  and        ) 
West  Virginia         ) 
White  Hirer  

Supt.  Southern  Dist... 
Interest  and  Annuities 
MISSION  DISTRICTS  — 

Virginia  Freedmen  
Tezas  

75  00 

125  00 

425  00 

100  00 

75  00 

65  00 

124  00 

364  00 

Total  —  Home  

J492.076  27 
396,547  04 

$23.414  54 
14,986  41 

$19,394  52 
24,474  35 

$18,168  37 
16,304  46 

$17,484  70 
19,130  80 

$78,562  13 
70,701  02 

$570,638 

467,248 

Total  —  Foreign  

Grand  Total  

$888,623  31 

$38,400  95 

$43,868  87 

$34,472  83 

836,615  50 

$149,263  K< 

51,037,886 

UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 


STATEMENTS. 

MISSION  DEBT. 

It  is  gratifying  to  be  able  to  report  that  after  carrying  a  debt, 
sometimes  quite  inconvenient,  at  other  times  embarrassing,  and  al 
ways  an  unwelcome  factor  in  the  matters  of  the  society  at  least  forty 
years,  it  has  at  last  been  canceled ;  and  at  the  same  time  the  contri 
butions  for  the  support  of  the  missions  under  its  care  have  not  in 
the  least  been  diminished. 

PERMANENT  FUND. 

Owing  to  some  losses  on  realty,  estimated  at  rather  liberal  figures 
by  donors,  this  fund  has  slightly  diminished  during  the  quadrennium. 
It  now  stands  at  $91,624.76. 

RUSSELL  FUND   STATEMENT. 

Bequest  out  on  loan   $10,000  00 

Interest  collected  on  said  loan   500  00 

Paid  from  said  interest  on  Chicago  church....   $200  00 
Paid    from    said    interest    on    Spokane    Church, 

Washington   .  . .  : 200  00 

Paid    from    said    interest    on    Oakland    Church, 

California    10000 


$      500  00 

HAMMOND  FUND   STATEMENT. 

Bequest  out  on  interest   $  9,000  00 

Interest  collected    450  00 

Paid    from   said   interest,   per   will,   to    Indiana 

Conference    $150  00 

Paid  from  said  interest  to  General  Fund 300  00 


$      450  00 

SEARCH  LIGHT   STATEMENT. 

The  Search  Light  cost -  $  5,632  81 

It    paid   in     subscriptions    and    advertisements 

during  the  last  four  years   3.522  23 


Loss   during   the  quadrennium    $  2,110  58 

It  is  only  fair  to  state  that  during  the  past  year  it  has  met  its 
expenses,  and  bids  fair  to  stand  on  its  own  merits  at  an  early  day. 

GENERAL  SUMMARY. 

Whole  amount  of  receipts  collected  from  1853  to  1901  $3,825,691  45 
Whole  amount  of  receipts  reported  for  quadrennium, 

ending  March  31,  1905   662,982  88 

$4,488,674  33 

WM.  McKEE,  Treasurer. 
Dayton,  Ohio,  March  31,  1905. 


229 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

WHOLE  AMOUNT  EXPENDED  BY  THE  HOME.   FRON 
TIER,    AND    FOREIGN    MISSIONARY    SOCIETY 
BY  QUADRENNIUM,  AS  FOLLOWS: 

For  four  years  ending  March,  1857 $      81.681  21 

For  four  years  ending  March  1861 127,063  35 

For  four  years  ending  March,  1865 152.898  66 

By  Annual  Conferences,   four  years  end- 

For  four  years  ending  March,  1869 .$      94,168  57 

By   Annual    Conferences,    for   four   years 

ending    March,    1869    69,701  13 

S    163.869  70 

By  Parent  Board,  for  four  years  ending 
'March.  1873  ?  61,965  63 

By  Annual  Conferences,  for  four  years 

ending  March.  1873  86.979  81 

$    148,945  44 

By  Parent  Board,  for  four  years  ending 
'March,  1877  $  81,671  34 

By  Annual  Conferences,  for  four  years 
'ending  March,  1877  86,521  44 

$    168,192  78 

By  Parent  Board,  for  four  years  ending 
'March,  1881  $  93,777  69 

By  Annual  Conferences,  for  four  years 

ending  March,  1881  84.888  81 

$    178,666  50 

By  Parent  Board,  for  four  years  ending 
'March,  1885  $  166.821  00 

By  Annual  Conferences,  for  four  years 
'ending  March,  1885 86.469  79 

$    253,290  79 

By  H.,  F.,  and  F.  Missionary  Society,  for 

four  years  ending  March,  1889 $  309,496  11 

By  Annual  Conferences,  for  four  years 

ending  March,  1889  97,110  39 

$    406,606  50 

By  H.,  F.,  and  F.  Missionary  Society,  for 

four  years  ending  March,  1893  $  263,984  02 

By  Annual  Conferences,  for  four  years 
'ending  March,  1893  144.956  27 

$    408.940  29 


230 


UNITED    BRETHREN*    IX    CHRIST 

By  H.,  F.,  and  F.  Missionary  Society,  for 

four  years  ending  March  1897 $  193,416  38 

By  Annual  Conferences,  for  four  years 

ending  March  1897 115,176  79 


$    308.593  17 
By  H.,  F.,  and  F.  Missionary  Society,  for 

four  years  ending  March,   1901   $    151,452  98 

Bv    Annual   Conferences,    for    four    years 

ending  March,  1901   ." 126.250  43 


$    277.703  51 

By  H.,  F..  and  F.  Missionary  Society,  for 

four  years  ending  March,  1905 $  467,248  06 

By  Annual  Conferences,  for  four  years 

ending  March,  1905. 570,638  40 


$1.037.886  46 

Total  paid  in  support  of  missions  in  fifty 

years $4.488.674  33 

WM.   McIvEE,   Treasurer. 
Dayton.  Ohio.  March  31,  190-5. 

DR.  WILLIAM  McKEE.  The  details  of  these  figures  which  I  have 
read  will  be  found  on  the  preceding  pages.  I  only  want  to  read  a  short 
paragraph  on  the  ninth  page  of  my  report.  The  remainder  I  will  be 
content  to  have  the  brethren  read  at  their  leisure. 

Dr.  Sprinkle  moved  to  refer  the  report  to  the  appropriate  commit 
tee. 

Seconded. 

REV.  H.  S.  GABEL,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference,  referred  to 
the  item  of  one  hundred  dollars  in  the  report  appropriated  to  Eastern 
Pennsylvania  Conference,  and  wished  to  know  where  it  was  applied. 

Dr.  McKee  explained  that  it  was  given  during  the  first  year  of  the 
quadrennium  to  the  Memorial  Church  at  Reading. 

DR.  R.  J.  WHITE,  of  Erie  Conference.  I  suppose  that  the  report  is 
all  right,  and  that  the  money  has  been  properly  appropriated;  but  you 
will  remember,  as  soon  as  I  call  your  attention  to  it.  that  the  one 
hundred  dollars  that  was  appropriated  to  the  Buffalo  work  the  first 
year  of  the  last  quadrennium  was  not  used,  and  hence  whatever  was 
done  with  the  money,  it  should  not  be  charged  to  the  Erie  Conference. 

DR.  McIvEE.  I'  remember,  Mr.  Chairman,  and  I  also  remember  dis 
tinctly  that  of  the  appropriation  made  in  1900,  only  one-half  of  it  was 

231 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

paid  when  the  General  Conference  met,  to  the  31st  of  March,  1901. 
The  balance  of  the  two  hundred  was  paid  between  that  and  your  an 
nual  conference,  and  hence  it  comes  in  here.  This  report  goes  back 
four  years,  brethren. 

REV.  D.  D.  LOWERY,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  We  do 
not  question  Dr.  McKee's  report  at  all ;  but  some  of  us  do  not  know 
anything  about  the  hundred  dollars  reported  for  the  Eastern  Penn 
sylvania  Conference.  Now  I  am  chairman  of  the  Church-Extension 
and  Missionary  Society  of  the  conference,  and  Mr.  Spangler  is  the 
secretary,  and  we  do  not  know  anything  about  it. 

DR.  McKEE.  There  are  one  hundred  and  a  few  dollars  charged 
against  the  Pennsylvania  Conference.  One  hundred  of  that  goes  to 
the  Washington  Church. 

The  report  was  then  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 

DR.  McKfiE.    Mr.  Chairman,  will  you  give  me  a  moment? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Yes,  sir. 

DR.  McKEE.  Dear  brethren,  I  wish  to  say  a  word  to  you  now,  and 
I  had  hoped  to  be  at  the  head  of  the  class,  but  the  bishops  have  stolen 
a  march  on  me.  However,  I  suppose  their  superiority,  both  in  ability 
and  in  office,  justifies  that.  I  wish  to  say  to  you  that  I  do  not  expect 
or  ask  a  reelection,  that  I  thank  you  most  heartily,  and  also  the  whole 
Church,  for  the  confidence  heretofore  reposed  in  me  in  my  official 
position. 

I  was  licensed  to  preach  the  gospel  in  1855,  just  fifty  years  ago.  I 
received  my  first  circuit  in  1857,  forty-eight  years  ago.  I  was  present 
at  the  St.  Joseph  Conference  when  Bishop  Castle  received  his  license 
to  preach  from  the  annual  conference.  I  have  spent  twenty  years  in 
the  itinerancy  of  the  Church,  and  have  spent  twenty-eight  years  in 
this,  office;  first,  from  1865  to  1873.  Then  I  had  an  interim  of 
twelve  years,  during  which  time  I  was  serving  as  pastor,  four  years  of 
the  eight  as  presiding  elder ;  and,  lest  I  forget  it,  I  want  to  say  to  you 
young  preachers  that  the  twenty  years  that  I  spent  in 'the  active  min 
istry  were  the  happiest,  and,  if  you  will  let  me  judge,  the  best  years 
of  my  life;  and  although  it  has  seemed  proper  for  one  reason  or  an 
other  that  I  remain  where  you  have  placed  me  for  twenty-eight  years 
in  this  office,  I  have  always  felt  like  a  train  of  cars,  if  it  were  capable 
of  thinking, .on  a  side-track,  and  which  would  wish  to  be  out  on  the 
main  line  and  sweep  across  the  country,  conveying  the  people  and 


232 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

commerce  of  the  country  hither  and  thither  where  they  should  go. 
I  feel  to-day  that  the  ministry  of  the  gospel  is  the  highest  and  best 
place  this  side  of  heaven,  and  there  is  nothing  that  brings  such  sweet 
remembrance  to  me  to-day  as  the  thought  that  came  through  my  mind 
and  the  prayers  offered  through  the  week,  when  I  knew  the  up-turned 
faces  of  the  congregation  the  next  Sunday  morning  would  be  towards 
me,  hungering  for  the  word  of  life.  I  say,  brethren,  do  not  be  too 
anxious  to  get  out  of  the  pastorate.  [Applause.]  You  may  be  like  the 
governor  of  Indiana  once — and"  your  own  good  governor  reminded  me 
of  it — Governor  Wright.  He  was  assailed  on  Monday  for  having 
taught  in  the  Sunday  school  on  Sunday  a  class  of  boys.  The  man 
said,  "Don't  you  think  it  was  rather  condescending  for  you  to  do 
that  ?"  He  replied  quickly,  "No,  I  felt  like  I  was  going  up  instead  of 
down."  And  so  the  pastor  may  well  feel  that  there  is  no  higher  place 
than  the  pastorate. 

Another  word  I  want  to  say :  When  I  was  young  there  came  to  me 
around  the  corners  once  in  a  while  a  hint — it  was  not  very  visible — 
that  I  could  be  received  into  another  church,  here  or  there  or  yonder, 
where  I  would  have  lighter  work  and  bigger  pay ;  but  somehow  or 
other  I  always  felt  that  the  church  which  took  me  out  of  the  mire  of 
sin  and  ignorance,  and  brought  me  to  Christ  and  to  the  work  of  our 
Lord  Jesus  Christ,  had  a  claim  on  me.  [Applause.]  But,  as  in  my 
younger  years,  if  I  am  worth  anything  to  the  church  anywhere  on  the 
face  of  this  earth,  it  is  to  the  people  who  brought  me  to  the  feet  of 
Jesus.  I  felt  that  way  when  young,  and  I  have  reason  to  thank  God 
to-day  that  I  never  took  the  hint.  [Voices.  Amen.] 

A  word  more.  I  confess  to  a  tinge  of  sadness  to-day  as  I  look  back 
and  think  that  my  life  has  so  far  run  away,  but  as  I  look  towards  the 
horizon,  towards  where  the  sun  is  setting,  the  eastern  horizon  presents 
a  beautiful  picture.  After  these  long  hours  I  think  of  the  morning, 
the  morning  with  its  glorious  light  and  life  and  triumph,  and  I  think, 
too,  of  the  disciples  when,  on  a  dark  night,  on  boisterous  Galilee,  they 
had  rowed  all  night  in  fear,  and  along  towards  morning  Jesus  came 
walking  on  the  sea.  They  thought  in  their  desperation  that  it  was  a 
demon  that  brought  on  the  storm  and  had  come  to  finish  the  work  of 
its  destruction.  Then  they  cried  out  in  fear,  but  Jesus  said,  "Be  not 
afraid !  it  is  I,"  and  immediately  he  came  into  the  ship  and  the  waves 
subsided,  and  soon  they  were  at  the  shore  of  Capernaum,  where  they 
wished  to  go.  The  morning  had  come. 

233 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Brethren,  soon  the  morning  will  come,  and  some  day  we  will  meet 
on  that  shore,  not  of  Capernaum,  but  in  heaven,  where  God  shall 
reign  forever  and  ever. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  am  very  sure  of  this,  that  this  Confer 
ence,  just  as  the  whole  Church  here  represented,  has  a  high  ap 
preciation  of  the  good  life  Brother  ]\IcKee  has  lived,  and  the  efficient 
services  that  he  has  rendered  to  this  denomination.  I  was  glad  to 
hear  him  say  to  these  young  men  what  he  did  relating  to  the  whisper 
ings  that  come  about  the  ears  of  young  men.  I  used  to  hear  whisperings 
of  that  kind  myself.  I  remember  well  in  the  opening  up  of  my  min 
istry,  it  was  in  the  city  of  Altoona,  an  open  proposition  from  a  large, 
wealthy  denomination  came  to  me,  "You  come  with  your  congregation 
and  we  will  do  so  and  so,"  and  I  listened  to  it  patiently  until  they 
were  through  with  it.  I  then  said,  "I  always  believe  in  going  as  near 
ly  to  headquarters  as  possible,  and  when  I  think  of  changing  my  rela 
tions,  I  will  go  up  to  Father  Twig's  church" — he  was  an  old  Roman 
Catholic  priest  who  was  an  intimate  friend  of  mine — "and  we  will  go 
there.  Thank  you,  gentlemen."  So  I  say  to  you,  brethren,  just  as  Dr. 
McKee  said,  God  puts  you  in  the  niche,  and  you  ought  to  stand  by  his 
work.  [Voices.  Amen.]  He  will  take  care  of  you.  He  said,  "I  will 
never  leave  thee  nor  forsake  thee." 

Now  I  believe  it  is  an  opportune  time  for  the  quartet  to  come  for 
ward  and  sing.  [Great  applause.] 

DR.  H.  H.  FOUT,  of  Miami  Conference.  Before  the  singing,  if  in 
order,  I  would  like  to  offer  the  following: 

WHEREAS,  Rev.  William  McKee,  D.  D.,  in  his  official  relations  to 
the  Church,  covering  a  period  of  twenty-eight  years,  has  been  a  tire 
less  worker,  painstaking  in  all  the  duties  of  his  official  life,  a  Chris 
tian  gentleman  of  unimpeachable  fidelity,  and,  like  the  sturdy  pilot 
at  his  post,  he  has  stood  faithfully  in  every  emergency  and  duty,  anx 
ious  only  for  the  great  interest  committed  to  his  trust, 

Resolved,  That  we  record  our  appreciation  of  his  noble  life  and 
character,  and  of  the  faithful'  service  he  has  rendered  the  Church  as 
a  general  officer;  that  we  will  cherish  for  him  the  warmest  love  and  re 
gard,  and  pray  that  the  evening  of  his  life  may  be  beautiful  and  peace 
ful. 

H.  H.  FOUT. 
G.  P.  MACKLIN. 

HON.  MATT  EDMONDS,  of  Northeast  Kansas  Conference.  That 
sounds  all  right,  and  I  am  in  harmony  with  it,  but  it  reminds  me  of 

234 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

a  man  that  had  been  lecturing,  and  they  tendered  him  a  vote  of 
thanks.  Keturning  homeward,  he  offered  it  as  pay  on  the  train,  hut 
the  conductor  would  not  accept  it.  Xow  I  endorse  these  resolutions, 
but  I  offer  an  amendment  that  when  he  shall  retire  he  shall  retire  on 
half  pay. 

Seconded  by  E.  S.  Lorenz. 

PROF.  MARK  KEPPEL,  of  California  Conference.  I  hope  that  the 
members  of  the  Conference  will  not  misunderstand  me  in  my  posi 
tion.  I  would  be  very  glad  to  place  every  man  who  preaches  the  gos 
pel,  and  who  serves  his  Church  long  and  faithfully,  as  Brother  Mc- 
Kee  has  done,  on  full  pay,  but  I  don't  believe  that  this  Church  is  in 
a  position  at  this  time  to  adopt  a  general  pensioning  system,  such  as 
this  seems  to  be  the  beginning  of.  If  we  wish  to  begin  a  system  of 
that  kind,  it  seems  to  me  that  we  ought  first  to  originate  some  means 
of  providing  a  fund  from  which  to  secure  the  money  to  pay  this  ex 
pense.  Somebody  must  pay  that ;  it  must  come  from  some  place.  It 
is  easy  for  a  legislative  body  to  expend  money,  vote  it  out,  but  for  a 
legislative  body  that  has  not  the  power  to  provide  money  to  vote  out 
money  is  a  serious  problem,  and  one  which  they  ought  to  consider 
carefully.  We  are  responsible  not  only  to  the  aged  men  who  served 
us  and  the  Church  so  long  and  so  well,  but  we  are  responsible  to  the 
Church  itself. 

It  seems  to  me,  considering  the  matter  from  the  standpoint  of  busi 
ness,  not  of  sentiment,  not  of  tender  feeling,  not  of  love,  not  of  venera 
tion,  not  of  respect,  but  considering  it  from  the  standpoint  of  busi 
ness,  that  this  Church  has  not  laid  any  foundation  for  a  beginning  of 
this  kind.  The  foundation  must  be  in  the  preparing  of  a  fund  from 
which  expenses  of  this  kind  shall  be  paid.  We  are  proposing  to  take 
the  opposite  course — of  spending  the  money  and  trusting  the  fund 
may  be  provided.  I  do  not  believe  it  is  the  right  way.  I  would  be 
glad  if  every  aged  minister,  and  we  have  them  in  California  as  we  have 
them  everywhere,  who  in  their  old  age  are  left  practically  penni 
less,  could  have  half  pay,  or  even  full  pay,  but  the  money 
must  be  provided  before  we  offer  it  to  them.  I  think  we  had  better 
not  adopt  this  resolution  at  this  time.  I  would  go  as  far  as  any  mem 
ber  of  the  Conference,  I  think,  in  a  movement  to  prepare  a  fund  of 
that  kind,  and  after  that  has  been  done  to  do  justice,  not  only  to  Dr. 
McKee,  but  to  every  other  aged  minister  of  the  Church  who  has  served 
the  Church  ably  and  well. 

235 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

DR.  McKfiE.  Dear  brethren,  please  bear  me  a  word.  I  thank  the 
brethren  on  this  side  and  that  for  the  offer  in  this  amendment.  I 
would  rejoice,  dear  brethren,  if  we  had  some  plan  as  Brother  Keppel 
has  suggested,  and  some  means  whereby  a  small  pension  might  be 
given  to  our  old  and  worthy  servants  when  they  retire  from  their 
labors.  But  that  has  not  been  done,  and  I  do  not  ask  it  nor  expect  it. 
I  trust  I  shall  get  along  some  way  in  the  world.  I  shall  not  go  to  the 
poorhouse.  And  I  want  to  say  to  the  good  brother  who  faces  me  now 
with  tears  in  his  eyes  that  I  believe  the  good  Lord,  who  has  taken 
care  of  me  until  now,  will  not  forsake  me  in  my  old  age.  I  thank  you 
most  heartily  for  this,  and  whatever  you  may  think  about  it,  I  do  not 
ask  it.  [Great  applause.] 

VOICES.    Question,  question. 

PROF.  E.  S.  LORENZ.  I  thank  the  brethren  for  not  calling  for  the 
question  more  strongly.  It  is  very  proper  that  the  other  side  should 
be  heard.  It  is  not  a  question  of  whether  Brother  McKee  needs  the 
money;  it  is  a  question  of  equity.  The  Conference  voted  a  moment 
ago  that  the  bishops  shall  receive  half  pay.  This  brother  has  given 
just  as  faithful  service,  just  as  hard  service  as  the  bishops.  He  has 
been  a  general  officer  of  the  Church.  I  submit  that  we  do  not  place 
the  men  who  are  in  the  general  superintendency  in  an  exalted  position 
different  from  the  other  men  who  have  been  doing  our  work.  I  wish 
to  say  to  you  that  Brother  McKee  has  been  working  hard  twelve 
months  in  a  year.  Our  bishops  have  been  working  hard  for  three 
months  in  the  year,  and  the  other  nine  months  they  have  worked  as 
they  felt  like  it,  hard  sometimes  and  sometimes  not  so  hard.  I  also 
say  to  you,  brethren,  that  this  matter  of  sentiment  that  governed  you 
a  while  ago  in  voting  out  eight  thousand  dollars  of  the  money  of  this 
Church  to  help  those  who  are  well  supplied  with  funds  is  a  wrong 
policy;  but  if  that  policy  is  to  be  pursued,  whether  Dr.  McKee  thinks 
he  needs  that  money  or  not,  it  ought  to  be  carried  out  consistently. 
All  our  general  officers  should  be  open  to  the  benefits,  not  only  the 
bishops.  I  am  making  no  attack  on  them.  They  are  doing  what  the 
Church  is  expecting  of  them ;  they  are  not  doing  very  much  more  than 
the  Church  is  expecting  of  them,  I  am  sorry  to  say.  Further,  I  want  to 
say,  brethren,  that  this  business  of  looking  after  our  dear  bishops  as 
being  somewhat  apart  is  decidedly  un-IJnited  Brethren.  They  are 
simply  elders.  They  are  only  men  like  the  rest  of  you.  There  is  no 


236 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

reason,  after  a  few  years  of  consecutive  service,  that  we  should  put 
them  on  a  pedestal,  and  after  they  have  done  their  life's  work,  should 
do  for  them  what  you  are  unwilling  to  do  for  other  men.  I  think  I 
have  had  my  say. 

DR.  FUNK.  Having  made  the  motion  this  morning,  I  feel  it  in  jus 
tice  that  I  make  this  statement.  I  am  a  general  church  officer,  and  I 
can  speak  from  some  experience.  I  have  occupied  that  position  for 
eight  years,  and  I  know  that  the  burdens  that  come  to  me  in  my  offi 
cial  relation  are  quite  different  from  what  comes  to  a  bishop  in  this 
Church.  I  want  to  be  distinctly  understood  in  the  offering  of  the 
resolution  this  morning.  I  did  it  with  this  end  in  view,  that  the  years 
of  service  that  have  come  to  these  men  in  this  honorable  position  have 
been  years  of  constant  privation.  What  do  I  mean  by  privation  ?  I 
mean  absence  from  home  during  almost  the  entire  year.  It  may  be 
said,  if  any  one  wishes  to  say  it,  that  they  have  not  measured  up  to 
your  expectation,  but  if  they  have  done  their  duty  as  4hey  saw  it,  and 
to  the  full  measure  of  their  ability,  that  ends  the  proposition.  [Voices. 
True,  true.] 

I  do  not  class  a  general  church  officer  with  the  bishops  in  the  point 
of  privation  that  comes  to  their  wives.  For  a  few  months  in  the  year 
we  are  away  from  our  homes,  it  is  true,  but  for  the  balance  of  the  year 
we  have  the  comforts  of  our  home,  while  the  bishop  is  supposed  to  be 
and  is,  I  want  to  say  to  this  honorable  body,  most  of  this  time  in  the 
field,  dedicating  churches,  traveling  here  and  there  and  yonder,  all  over 
this  Church.  I  rise  this  morning  to  defend  the  Board  of  Bishops,  if 
it  be  a  necessity  that  they  be  defended.  [Applause.]  I  do  it  because 
I  believe  God  has  given  to  us  as  a  Church  as  honorable  a  line  of 
bishops  as  any  denomination  in  the  land.  [Applause.]  When  I 
think  of  the  names  of  Otterbein,  of  Boehm,  of  Edwards,  of  Gloss- 
brenner,  of  Weaver,  and  of  Hott  my  heart  glows  with  the  love  of  God 
for  their  great  lives  [great  applause]  ;  and  when  I  think  of  the  splen 
did  leadership  we  have  in  our  present  board,  I  believe  that  it  is  due 
them  that  this  Church  honor  them  for  their  noble  lives.  [Applause.] 
I  am  glad  this  morning  to  place  myself  as  a  general  church  officer, 
subordinate  to  them  in  service,  subordinate  to  them  in  honorable  posi 
tion,  subordinate  to  them  in  earnest  toil  and  service ;  hence- 1  love  the 
speech  that  Dr.  Mclvee  made. 

You  will  allow  this  reference,  Mr.  Chairman,  because  it  has  been 

237 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

in  my  heart.  I  am  a  young  man,  in  the  prime  of  manhood,  but  I 
hope  the  time  will  never  come  to  me  when  I  feel  that  my  Church  turns 
away  from  me.  If  it  forsake  me,  I  pray  that  God  may  take  me  up. 

DR.  W.  E.  SCHELL,  of  East  ^Nebraska  Conference.  I  rise  to  say  a 
word  or  two,  Mr.  Chairman.  I  think  there  is  a  vast  difference  between 
the  action  taken  at  the  beginning  of  this  session  and  the  action  which 
this  amendment  contemplates.  The  Treasurer  of  the  Church  will 
pass  out  of  office ;  his  work  for  the  Church  at  this  time  will  end.  The 
honored  bishops,  to  whom  reference  was  made  in  the  action  at  the  be 
ginning  of  this  session,  will  still  serve  the  Church.  ["Voices.  Sure.] 
They  will  serve  the  Church  largely  as  bishops;  they  will  be  known  by 
such  a  title ;  they  will  toil  in  evangelistic  meetings ;  their  counsel 
will  be  given,  and  they  will,  in  so  far  as  they  are  able,  still  be  active. 
I  want  to  call  the  attention  of  the  Conference  to  this  difference. 

Question  called  for. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  rise  to  a  ques 
tion  of  privilege.  I  call  the  attention  of  the  Conference  to  Rule  28. 
"Any  demonstration  of  approval  or  disapproval  during  the  progress  of 
debate  shall  be  deemed  a  breach  of  order." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Yes,  that  is  your  own  action. 

HON.  MATT  EDMONDS,  of  Northeast  Kansas  Conference.  I  am 
sorry  that  I  have  created  so  much  excitement,  that  there  is  so  much 
feeling  that  they  will  have  this  Church  bankrupt.  I  never  belonged 
to  any  other  church  but  the  United  Brethren.  They  took  me  up  very 
young,  and  they  made  a  man  of  me ;  if  I  am  a  man,  I  owe  it  to  the 
Church.  I  joined  this  Church  when  it  was  very  poor,  and  I  have  seen 
a  great  many  poor  days  in  the  United  Brethren  Church.  I  have  seen 
its  ministry  suffer  a  great  deal.  They  said  at  the  Auditorium  the 
other  evening  that  I  was  English  when  they  introduced  me.  I  was 
taught  to  have  great  respect  for  those  in  authority,  and  to  regard  those 
that  were  over  me.  I  want  to  say  that  I  have  great  respect  for  the 
bishops  of  our  Church.  I  have  no  criticism  on  any  member  of  our 
Church  that  is  in  authority,  and  who  is  looking  after  its  interests,  be 
cause  I  think  they  have  done  it  to  the  best  of  their  ability. 

I  remember  the  Conference  turned  me  down  four  years  ago  on  a 
resolution  of  this  kind  in  regard  to  Brother  Shuey,  but  I  do  not  harbor 
it  in  my  mind.  I  want  to  say  to  the  General  Conference  that  I  have 
not  changed  my  position  since  that  time,  that  I  believe  now  just  as  I 
did  then. 

238 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Now  I  want  to  say  to  the  members  of  this  body,  especially  the 
clergy — I  believe  they  tire  the  ones  that  opposed  me  the  other  time — 
that  I  want  you  to  understand  that  what  I  do  I  am  doing  in  your  in 
terest,  and  that  I  have  been  with  our  preachers  enough  and  with  our 
presiding  elders  enough  to  know  something  about  their  services ;  I 
know  something  about  what  they  have  to  endure.  Now  this  brother, 
I  understand,  has  devoted  fifty  years  to  the  United  Brethren  Church, 
either  in  office  or  as  a  preacher,  carrying  the  cross  and  preaching  the 
gospel  and  bringing  glad  tidings  to  many  a  dark  home.  I  have  been 
with  him.  I  know  something  about  that  process.  I  have  not  been  a 
clergyman,  but  I  have  been  attending  to  business.  If  you  discharge 
me  from  that  business  and  put  me  at  something  else,  while  I  am 
young,  as  Dr.  Funk  said,  I  do  not  know  whether  I  could  take  up  an 
other  business  and  succeed.  I  take  it  for  granted  that,  whether  they 
be  bishops  or  whether  they  be  general  officers,  they  have  devoted  their 
lives  to  their  work.  Now  the  shadows  of  night  are  gathering  around 
them,  and  their  faces  are  turned  toward  the  setting  sun.  If  they  do 
not  step  out  it  is  like  Father  Tripp,  up  here  in  Kansas,  who  was  a 
very  eccentric  man.  I  called  one  day,  as  the  train  was  late,  to  say 
a  word,  and  he  said,  "I  thought  Gabriel  was  going  to  call  for  me  last 
night,"  but,  he  added,  "he  didn't."  He  said,  "There  is  nothing  will 
save  me,  and  there  is  no  need  of  that  now,  for  that  little  boy  wants 
my  place." 

Now  there  is  a  feeling  which  comes  to  me  when  a  man  retires  from 
the  field.  I  am  satisfied  that  he  don't  lay  off  the  mantle  that  God 
put  on  him,  but  the  mantle  that  man  puts  on ;  he  lays  it  off,  and  after 
he  has  devoted  his  life  to  it.  I  said  in  the  beginning  this  Church  was 
poor,  but  she  is  not  poor  to-day.  We  raised  a  thousand  dollars,  or 
eighteen  hundred,  the  other  night  in  a  few  minutes.  We  are 
wealthy,  if  we  have  only  got  faith,  and  if  you  want  to  be  rich, 
take  care  of  these  men  that  have  given  their  best  time,  their  best 
years,  their  best  talent  to  the  building  up  of  this  Church. 

If  we  expect  God  to  bless  this  Church  we  must  take  care  of  our 
ministry.  Now  some  of  these  itinerants  are  going  to  abuse  me  be 
cause  it  will  not  reach  them.  But  I  tell  you,  whenever  we  help  one  of 
the  officers  of  this  Church  we  set  up  a  precedent,  and  if  that  be  the 
policy  of  the  Church  it  is  far-reaching.  We  will  be  respected  every 
where  ;  but  we  will  not  be  respected  anywhere  if  we  turn  our  officers 

239 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

away  when  the  shades  of  night  are  gathering  around  them,  and  when 
they  cannot  labor  any  more.  Why,  the  world  will  not  respect  us, 
much  less  a  Christian  man.  Whether  this  amendment  is  adopted  or 
not,  I  have  got  in  my  word,  and  you  know  just  exactly  how  I  stand, 
where  you  will  find  me.  I  hope  you  will  adopt  this  amendment.  It 
will  not  hurt  the  Church;  you  will  never  feel  it,  and  the  money  will 
come  in  surprising  quantity.  Other  men  will  be  encouraged  to  do 
their  best,  and  give  their  best  efforts,  because  the  thought  comes  to 
them,  in  the  end  I  shall  be  taken  care  of  anyway. 

At  this  point  Rev.  L.  W.  Stahl,  of  Allegheny  Conference,  moved 
that  the  matter  be  referred  to  the  Committee  on  Salaries.  The  mo 
tion  was  seconded,  but  lost. 

REV.  M.  R.  DRURY,  of  Iowa  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman,  I  wish  to 
call  attention  again  to  the  position  suggested  by  Dr.  Schell,  that 
there  is  a  difference.  The  bishops  asked  to  be  retired,  and  the  motion 
of  Dr.  Funk  this  morning  was  that  they  be  made  bishops  emeritus. 
That  carries  with  it  the  duty  of  whatever  work  they  are  able  to  render 
to  the  Church,  so  that  they  are  to  do  certain  work  that  may  be  as 
signed  them  by  the  other  bishops.  There  is  a  very  important  differ 
ence,  it  seems  to  me,  between  the  bishops  and  other  general  officers  of 
the  Church. 

The  question  is  called  for. 

W.  A.  LUTZ,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  certainly  appreciate 
what  our  treasurer  has  said  this  morning,  and  I  appreciate  the  speech 
of  Brother  Matt  Edmonds.  Brethren,  when  I  look  over  this  Confer 
ence,  and  also  as  I  have  sat  time  and  time  again  and  looked  over  our 
annual  conferences,  and  have  seen  these  old  gray-headed  brethren 
come  along,  I  ask,  What  provision  have  me  made  for  them  ?  Should 
they  not  be  treated  exactly  as  we  propose  to  treat  this  question  now  be 
fore  us?  There  are  on  this  floor  to-day  our  honored  presidents  of  our 
colleges,  who  have  worked  East  and  West,  North  and  South.  We  have 
laymen  who  have  given  their  lives  to  the  work  of  the  Church.  I 
know  to-day  of  men  who  have  given  fifteen,  twenty,  twenty-five,  and 
thirty  years  of  nothing  else  but  hard  work  for  the  Church  of  the 
United  Brethren  in  Christ. 

Now,  brethren,  I  should  be  glad  if  we  could  vote  this  question 
through  to-day  and  make  every  man  a  pensioner,  but  let  me  ask  you, 
Where  are  the  funds  to  come  from  to  do  this  with?  I  know  we  are 


240 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

not  poor,  but  where  shall  we  get  the  funds  to  pension  these  brethren  ? 
I  wish  we  could  do  it. 

VOICES.     Question,  question. 

PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  you  ready  to  vote  ?  The  amendment  is  that 
the  brother  be  retired  on  half  pay  when  he  does  retire ;  that  is,  if  he  is 
not  reflected,  he  will  have  half  pay. 

The  amendment  is  lost.    The  resolution  is  adopted. 

REV.  H.  S.  GABEL,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  move 
that  we  adjourn  in  time  to  give  the  committees  time  for  their  work. 

Seconded. 

Calls  for  the  Arion  Quartet. 

The  quartet  sang,  "Oh,  happy  day  that  fixed  my  choice." 

Announcements  were  then  made  by  chairmen  of  different  com 
mittees. 

The  motion  to  adjourn  was  carried,  and  the  benediction  was  pro 
nounced  by  Rev.  J.  R.  King,  of  West  Africa  Conference. 


FOURTH  DAY— AFTERNOON  SESSION. 

Bishop  Mathews  presiding.         MONDAY,  May  15,  1905,  2 :  00  p.  M. 

Devotional  services  conducted  by  Professor  Ruebush,  of  Virginia 
Conference,  'and  song-service  by  Rev.  A.  R.  Ayres,  of  Pennsylvania 
Conference. 

After  song  No.  62,  "Sing  them  over  again  to  me,"  Rev.  Geo.  P. 
Hott,  of  Virginia  Conference,  led  in  prayer.  This  was  followed  by 
singing  No.  23,  "Glory  Gates." 

The  scriptural  reading  was  eighteen  verses  from  the  thirteenth 
chapter  of  I.  Corinthians.  This  was  followed  by  prayer  by  Rev.  W.  O. 
Fries,  of  Sandusky  Conference. 

Devotional  services  closed  with  song  No.  226,  "Leaning  on  the  Ever 
lasting  Arms." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Is  there  any  miscellaneous  business  to  be 
presented  at  this  time? 

REV.  J.  W.  SCHOFIELD,  of  Ontario  Conference.  The  memorial  pre 
sented  from  the  Ontario  Conference  was  referred  to  the  committee, 
and  I  think  there  has  been  no  committee  appointed  to  which  this 
should  be  referred. 

241 

16 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

The  Missionary  Secretary  made  a  recommendation  that  a  special 
committee  be  appointed  to  consider  this  case.  I  believe  that  a  com 
mittee  has  not  been  appointed,  or  there  was  no  announcement  made. 

DR.  D.  W.  SPRINKLE,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  We  have  been 
waiting  for  that,  the  Committee  on  Missions,  and  you  shall  have  a 
very  loving,  tender  invitation  to  meet  with  us  at  the  next  time. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Is  there  any  other  business  of  a  miscel 
laneous  character?  If  not,  we  will  proceed,  I  think,  to  the  considera 
tion  of  the  report  of  this  committee. 

Is  the  Committee  on  Boundaries,  No.  10,  ready  to  report  ? 

REV.  J.  T.  ROBERTS,  of  White  River  Conference.  I  believe  it  is 
ready. 

REV.  H.  W.  TRUEBLOOD,  of  Northern  Illinois  Conference.  Yes,  we 
are  ready. 

Dr.  Trueblood  then  read  the  report. 

REPORT  OF  COMMITTEE  ON  BOUNDARIES. 

Allegheny — Unchanged,  except  "era"  be  taken  from  Eastern  in  the 
fourth  line  from  bottom. 

Arkansas  Valley — Boundary  unchanged.    Call  it  Southwest  Kansas. 

California — Unchanged. 

Colorado — Unchanged. 

Columbia  River — Unchanged. 

Des  Moines — Unchanged. 

East  Nebraska — Unchanged. 

East  Ohio — Boundary  unchanged.  Cut  out  the  words  "Northwest 
Ohio." 

East  Tennessee — Unchanged. 

Eastern  Pennsylvania — Boundary  unchanged.  Call  it  "East  Penn 
sylvania." 

Erie — Unchanged.  The  enabling  act  following  the  boundary  be 
taken  off,  which  reads,  "An  enabling  act  is  hereby  passed  permitting 
Erie  and  Ontario  Conferences  to  unite  during  the  next  four  years, 
should  both  conferences  agree  to  such  an  arrangement." 

Germany — Unchanged. 

Georgia — Embraces  the  States  of  Georgia  and  Florida. 

Illinois — Boundary  unchanged,  but  an  enabling  act  is  hereby  passed 
permitting  Illinois  and  Northern  Illinois  conferences  to  unite  during 
the  next  four  years,  should  both  conferences  agree  to  such  an  arrange 
ment. 

Indiana — Unchanged. 

Iowa — Unchanged. 

Japan — Unchanged. 

242 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Kentucky — Embraces  all  the  State  of  Kentucky,  except  Covington 
and  Newport,  which  belong  to  Miami  Conference. 

Louisiana — Embraces  the  States  of  Louisiana,  Mississippi,  and  Ala 
bama. 

Lower  W abash — Place  Allenville  church,  in  Coles  County,  in  the 
bounds  of  Northern  Illinois  Conference.  In  the  sixth  line  from  the 
top  change  "Indianapolis,  Decatur  &  Springfield  R.  R."  to  its  present 
name,  Cincinnati,  Hamilton  &  Dayton  R.  R.  Lewis  Circuit  to  be  in 
this  conference. 

Miami — Boundary  unchanged.  Strike  out  the  words,  "Northwest 
Ohio"  in  the  second  line  from  the  top,  page  145. 

Michigan — Unchanged. 

Minnesota — Embraces  all  of  the  State  of  Minnesota.  Strike  out 
"also  Faulk,  Spink,  Deuel,  Grant,  and  Coddington  counties,  in  South 
Dakota." 

Missouri — Unchanged. 

Neosho — Beginning  at  the  northeast  corner  of  Linn  County,  Kan 
sas,  thence  west  to  the  west  line  of  Chautauqua  County,  thence  south 
along  said  line  to  Arkansas  River,  thence  down  said  river  to  the  east 
line  of  Indian  Territory,  thence  north  along  said  line  and  east  line  of 
Kansas  to  the  place  of  beginning.  The  territory  of  the  "New  South" 
is  placed  with  other  conferences. 

Northeast  Kansas — Unchanged. 

Northern  Illinois — In  the  third  line  from  the  bottom,  after  the 
word  "beginning,"  insert  "and  to  include  Allenville  in  Coles  County." 
Change  Chicago  &  Illinois  R.  R.  to  Chicago  &  Eastern  Illinois  R.  R. 
Otherwise  unchanged. 

North  Nebraska— To  include  all  the  State  of  South  Dakota.  The 
lines  otherwise  to  remain  unchanged. 

Northwest  Kansas — Boundary  unchanged.  In  fourth  line  from  top 
change  Arkansas  Valley  to  Southwest  Kansas. 

Ohio  German — L'nchanged. 

Oklahoma — Unchanged. 

Ontario — Embraces  all  the  provinces  of  Ontario,  Manitoba,  and 
northwest  provinces  and  territories. 

Oregon — Unchanged. 

Pennsylvania — Unchanged. 

Sandusky — Boundary  unchanged.  Strike  out  the  enabling  act  fol 
lowing  the  boundary. 

Southeast  Ohio — Boundary  unchanged.  In  ninth  line  from  the  top 
strike  out  "Northwest  Ohio." 

St.  Joseph — Unchanged,  except  "Including  Adamsville  and  Kes- 
ington  appointments." 

West  Tennessee— -Unchanged. 

Upper  Wobash — Unchanged. 

Virginia — Unchanged. 

West  Africa — Unchanged. 

243 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

West  Nebraska — Unchanged. 
West  Virginia — Unchanged. 

WThite  River — Unchanged,  except  insert  "Wabash"  in  second  line 
from  bottom  after  Ivokomo. 
Wisconsin — Unchanged. 

MISSION  DISTRICTS. 

Chickamauga — Unchanged.     An  enabling  act  is  hereby  passed  per 
mitting  them  to  become  a  conference  during  this  quadrennium. 
China — Unchanged. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

J.  T.  ROBERTS,  Chairman. 
H.  W.  TRUEBLOOD,  Secretary. 

REV.  H.  DEAL,  of  Minnesota  Conference.    I  move  its  adoption. 

Seconded. 

REV.  S.  W.  KEISTER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  to  amend 
by  saying  that  the  report  shall  be  printed  so  that  we  can  see  what  we 
have. 

Seconded. 

This  amendment  was  agreed  to  and)  the  report  was  ordered  printed. 

REV.  J.  B.  WYANDT,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  There  is  one  little 
error  in  that  report  which  should  be  corrected  before  it  is  printed.  It 
occurred  in  connection  with  the  announcement  of  the  boundary  of 
East  Ohio.  They  recommend  that  "Northwest"  be  cut  out.  We 
haven't  any  "Northwest"  in  East  Ohio  at  all.  That  belongs  some 
where  else. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  presume  that  the  committee  can  correct 
that. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  •  I  have  the  pleasure  of  introducing  to  the 
Conference  a  minister  and  a  citizen  whose  name  has  gone  through 
all  our  United  States,  and  over  all  the  seas,  and  whose  name  has  be 
come  a  household  word  among  United  Brethren,  Dr.  Washington 
Gladden,  president  of  the  National  Council  of  Congregational 
Churches  of  the  United  States  and  Canada. 

The  Conference  rises  and  greets  him. 

DR.  WASHINGTON  GLADDEN.  Mr.  Chairman  and  brethren :  You  have 
given  me  altogether  too  much  honor.  My  jurisdiction  does  not  ex 
tend  beyond  the  United  States.  I  am  not  quite  sure  whether  it  covers 
the  whole  of  this  country,  and  it  is  a  very  limited  jurisdiction,  as  you 
very  well  know.  The  office  which  I  have  the  honor  to  hold  is  an  office 

244 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

which  conveys  no  power;  I  am  simply  a  sort  of  errand  boy  who  goes 
about  from  one  group  to  another  with  good  wishes  and  good  words, 
and  I  come  to  you  burdened  with  the  same  message. 

I  think  we  Congregationalists  arrived  in  Kansas  a  little  sooner 
than  you  did.  We  came  pretty  early  with  our  Bibles  and  Sharps  rifles 
and  took  possession  here  in  the  early  days,  but,  as  I  learn,  the  United 
Brethren  have  come  since  in  large  force,  and  I  am  not  quite  sure  that 
they  have  not  already  outstripped  us  so  far  as  numbers  are  concerned 
in  this  great  State.  It  is  a  good  place,  however,  for  Congregational 
ism  and  United  Brethrenism  to  meet.  There  was  good  seed  planted 
here  in  good  soil  in  the  early  days  and  watered  with  blood  and  tears, 
and  they  and  we  who  are  living  to-day,  both  of  the  Congregationalist 
and  United  Brethren  churches,  are  reaping  where  others  have  sown. 
I  wish  you  all  success  with  your  work  in  this  State  and  in  all  the 
noble  work  that  you  are  doing. 

I  have  nothing  further  to  say,  Mr.  Chairman,  than  to  thank  you 
brethren  for  this  very  kind  respect.  [Applause.] 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  have  the  pleasure  of  introducing  to  the 
Conference  Bishop  W.  M.  Stanford,  of  Pennsylvania,  representing 
the  United  Evangelical  Church,  who  will  speak  a  word  at  this  time. 

The  Conference  rises  and  greets  him. 

BISHOP  STANFORD.  Brethren,  it  does  me  a  great  deal  of  good  to  meet 
you  for  the  first  time  in  my  life,  and  possibly  for  the  last  time  in  my 
life.  What  I  have  to  say  regarding  our  church,  as  their  representa 
tive,  will  be  withheld  until  to-morrow.  To-day  I  simply  say,  Greeting 
and  God  bless  you.  [Applause.] 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  have  the  joyful  privilege  of  introducing 
to  this  Conference  Chancellor  Stevens,  of  Kansas  City,  Missouri, 
representing  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church. 

The  audience  rises  and  greets  him. 

CHANCELLOR  STEVENS.  It  certainly  gives  me  great  pleasure  on  be 
half  of  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church  to  bear  you  the  greetings 
of  that  denomination.  It  gives  me  great  pleasure  to  meet  with  United 
Brethren,  and  I  hope  that  ere  long  we  shall  all  be  United  Brethren 
indeed.  [Great  Applause.] 

DR.  TRUEBLOOD.  I  wish  to  call  attention  to  the  boundary  report. 
Page  142  of  the  Discipline  reads,  "Thence  north  along  the  eastern 
boundary  of  Sandusky  or  Northwest  Ohio."  I  thought  the  "Northwest 
Ohio"  surplusage,  and  therefore  recommend  its  being  taken  out. 

245 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

REV.  J.  D.  WYANDT,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  It  is  good  to  have  a 
Discipline  to  follow  at  times. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  wish  to  ask  Brother 
Trueblood  if  he  changed  that  "T"  to  "I."  We  have  no  "Tinn"  County 
in  this  State. 

DR.  TRUEBLOOD.    It  is  changed. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  The  Committee 
on  Order  of  Business  has  a  report  to  make  at  any  time. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  hear  the  report  of  the  Committee 
on  Order  of  Business. 

S.  E.  KUMLER,  of  Miami  Conference,  secretary  of  said  committee, 
reported  as  follows : 

The  Committee  on  Order  of  Business  beg  to  recommend  the  follow 
ing  in  the  order  named : 

No.  19,  Young  People's  Societies. 

No.  17,  Government  of  the  Church. 

No.  12,  Sunday  Schools. 

No.  16,  Courses  of  Ministerial  Study. 

No.  7,  Church  Erection. 

No.  28,  Memoirs,  Tuesday,  the  16th  inst.,  at  3 :  00  p.  M.- 

S.  E.  KUMLER,  Secretary. 

Report  approved. 

The  report  of  Committee  No.  17,  on  Government  of  the  Church, 
was  called  for,  and  Rev.  G.  W.  Sherrick,  secretary,  read  the  report. 

REPORT   OF   COMMITTEE   ON   GOVERNMENT   OF   THE   CHURCH. 

We,  your  Committee  on  Government  of  the  Church  (Chapter  V.  of 
Discipline)  beg  leave  to  report  as  follows: 

In  our  study  of  this  chapter,  and  in  our  consideration  of  the  various 
matters  brought  by  memorial  and  personal  request  to  our  attention, 
we  have  endeavored  to  keep  in  view  the  history  of  the  Church  and  the 
recognized  distinctive  principles  of  our  Church  polity.  In  the  recom 
mendations  made  and  the  disciplinary  changes  suggested  we  have  had 
a  united  and  zealous  care  to  preserve  the  popular  basis  of  church  gov 
ernment  both  in  the  local  church  and  in  the  method  of  constituting 
the  law-making  body,  and  hence  have  left  on  the  table  the  proposi 
tions  looking  to  the  appointment  of  class  leaders  and  the  election  of 
members  of  the  General  Conference  by  the.  annual  conferences.  We 
recommend  the  following  changes  in  Chapter  V.,  page  29,  Section  1, 
paragraph  1 :  Strike  out  the  words  "or  congregation"  in  the  first  line, 
making  it  read,  "A  local  church  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ. 
Also  strike  out  the  words  "or  congregation"  at  the  end  of  paragraph 

246 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

2,  in  the  same  section,  making  it  read,  "The  word  'class' "  shall  denote 
only  a  section  of  the  local  church. 

In  the  first  paragraph,  between  the  word  "minister"  and  the  word 
"Q£,"  in  the  third  line,  insert  the  words  "or  missionary."  It  will  then 
read,  "Any  authorized  ministry  or  missionary  of  the  denomination." 

Page  30,  Section  II.,  paragraph  3 :  Amend  by  adding  the  words  "or 
arrange  for  some  one  else  to  do  so,"  making  it  read,  "He  shall  visit 
them  and  labor  with  them  as  circumstances  may  require,  or  arrange 
for  some  one  else  to  do  so." 

A  section  entitled  "Church  Deacon"  shall  be  added  to  this  chapter 
as  Section  IV.,  as  follows :  "Every  church  may  have  one  or  more 
deacons,  who  shall  be  elected  annually  by  a  vote  of  the  church.  The 
duties  of  a  deacon  shall  be  to  collect  funds  for  the  needy,  as  provided 
in  Section  II.,  sub-section  15,  of  the  Discipline  under  'Duties  of 
Members,'  and  disburse  the  same  under  the  direction  of  the  official 
board,  or,  where  the  local  church  board  is  not  organized,  under  the 
direction  of  the  pastor." 

Page  31,  Section  III.,  paragraph  6,  entitled  "Church  Clerk,"  shall 
constitute  Section  V.  of  this  chapter. 

Page  31,  Section  I\r.,  shall  be  changed  to  Section  VI.  Page  33, 
same  section,  paragraph  10,  entitled  "Review  by  Quarterly  Confer 
ence,"  shall  be  numbered  11  of  the  section,  and  the  following  shall  be 
inserted  as  paragraph  10:  "The  official  board  may  appoint  an  execu 
tive  council,  of  which  the  pastor  shall  be  chairman  to  act  for  the 
church  in  matters  committed  to  them." 

Page  33,  Section  V.,  of  the  chapter  shall  be  numbered  VII.,  and  in 
paragraph  1,  lines  14  and  15,  the  words,  "all  treasurers  of  Ladies'  Aid 
societies,  Woman's  Missionary  societies,  Young  People's  societies,  and 
Sabbath  schools,"  shall  be  stricken  out.  It  shall  then  read  (see  Disci 
pline). 

In  paragraph  10  of  the  same  section  insert  the  word  "may"  between 
the  words  "and"  and  "arrange,"  in  the  third  line,  and  strike  out  the 
words  "as  the  quarterly  conference  may  direct,"  in  the  fourth  and 
fifth  lines.  It  will  then  read,  "It  shall  renew  the  license  of  exhorters 
and  quarterly  conference  preachers  annually  if  they  are  found  worthy 
and  may  arrange  a  plan  for  local  preachers  to  preach  regularly  at 
stated  places." 

Page  36,  Section  VI.,  shall  be  numbered  Section  VIII.  Amend 
paragraph  1  of  this  section  by  inserting  after  the  word  "choice,"  in  the 
sixth  line,  the  words,  "and  an  alternate  shall  be  elected  at  the  same 
time  and  in  like  manner.'-'  It  will  then  read,  "And  one  layman  from 
each  charge  in  the  conference,  who  shall  be  elected  by  ballot  at  the 
third  or  last  session  of  the  quarterly  conference  in  the  year,  a  majority 
of  all  the  votes  cast  being  necessary  to  a  choice ;  and  an  alternate  shall 
be  elected  at  the  same  time  and  in  like  manner." 

Page  38,  Section  VII.,  shall  be  Section  IX.  Strike  out  paragraph 
2,  entitled  "Conference  Representation,"  and  insert  the  following  in 
its  stead : 

•247 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

"The  annual  conference  shall  be  represented  in  the  General  Confer 
ence  according  to  the  following  ratios:  All  conferences  having  less 
than  two  thousand  members  shall  be  entitled  to  two  delegates,  one 
ministerial  and  one  lay;  two  thousand  and  less  than  four  thousand, 
two  ministers  and  two  lay;  four  thousand  and  less  than  eight  thou 
sand,  three  ministerial  and  three  lay;  eight  thousand  and.  less  than 
fourteen  thousand,  four  ministerial  and  four  lay;  over  fourteen  thou 
sand,  five  ministerial  and  five  lay.  (Estimate,  226.) 

Page  39,  paragraph  7,  of  the  same  section,  strike  out  the  words  "in 
the  month,"  in  the  fourth  line,  and  insert  the  words,  "between  the  first 
and  fifteenth."  It  will  then  read,  "Shall  be  held  invariably  between 
the  first  and  fifteenth  of  November." 

Page  39.  To  paragraph  8  of  the  same  section  add  the  words,  "pro 
vided  that  only  members  of  the  Church  who  have  reached  the  age  of 
fourteen  years  shall  be  entitled  to  vote  at  this  election."  It  will  then 
read,  "A  meeting  of  the  members  of  said  church  for  the  purpose  of 
casting  their  ballot  for  delegates  to  represent  them  in  the  General 
Conference,  provided  that  only  members  of  the  Church  who  have 
reached  the  age  of  fourteen  years  shall  be  entitled  to  vote  at  this 
election."  Respectfully  submitted, 

WM.  E.  SCHELL,  Chairman, 

C.  S.  JOHNSON. 

G.  P.  MACKLIN. 

G.  W.  SHERRICK. 

J.  A.  F.  KING. 

CHAS.  F.  KOCH. 

W.  A.  LUTZ. 

On  motion  of  Rev.  J.  I.  L.  Ressler,  of  Allegheny  Conference,  the 
report  was  ordered  printed. 

REV.  D.  W.  STRATTON,  of  Michigan  Conference.  I  have  learned 
since  coming  in  that  the  report  on  churches,  parsonages,  etc.,  has  been 
called  for.  I  will  simply  say  that  that  report  is  ready. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  hear  it  before  the  afternoon  closes. 
We  have  some  special  business  now  before  us. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  have  now  reached  the  time  for  the 
special  order  of  the  day.  Mrs.  Witt  and  Mrs.  Harford  will  please 
come  forward. 

These  ladies  came  to  the  platform  and  were  seated. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  have  the  pleasure  of  introducing  to  the 
Conference  Mrs.  B.  F.  Witt,  Corresponding  Secretary  of  the  Woman's 
Missionary  Association,  who  will  now  read  the  quadrennial  report  of 
that  Association. 


248 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 
SEVENTH   QUADRENNIAL  REPORT  OF  THE  WOMAN'S   MISSIONARY  ASSOCIATION. 

To  the  Bishops  and  Delegates  of  the  General  Conference  of  the 
United  Brethren  in  Christ. 

A  recent  writer  says:  "As  the  new  age  of  missions  moves  toward 
the  final  goal,  more  and  more  does  Christian  womanhood  come  to  the 
front.  More  than  one-third  of  the  entire  force  in  the  foreign  field  are 
women.  At  home,  women's  organizations,  the  outgrowth  of  the  last 
quarter  of  a  century,  have  had  an  increase  so  rapid,  an  influence  so 
wide,  and  an  impulse  so  forceful,  that  no  other  agency  compares  with 
them  in  value  and  virtue.  They  have  created  and  scattered  leaflets 
on  missions,  stimulated  consecration  of  home  life,  trained  up  a  new 
generation  of  self-devoted  missionaries,  and  kept  up  a  constant  ad 
vance  of  gifts  to  the  Lord.  To  the  increased  activity  of  these  women, 
who  still  follow  the  Master  and  minister  to  him  of  their  substance,  is 
mainly  owing  the  decided  advance  of  missionary  enterprise  during 
the  thirty  years  past.  We  may  well  thank  God  that,  after  the  cen 
turies  being  kept  in  background,  Christian  womanhood  is  finding  its 
true  sphere  of  work,  and  wielding  its  golden  scepter  of  influence. 
Missions  have  shown  the  normal  status  of  woman  in  the  church  and 
in  the  world." 

We  are  profoundly  grateful  that  we  are  a  part  of  this  body  of  women 
who  have  yielded  to  the  call  of  the  Master  for  this  added,  special  serv 
ice,  which  has  not  only  given  a  little  impetus  to  the  work  so  dear  to 
his  heart,  but  has  broadened  our  minds  and  hearts,  and  has  lifted  us 
out  of  the  narrow  circle  of  our  daily  living,  and  enabled  us  to  reach 
out  to  that  uttermost  part  of  the  earth.  We  are  more  to  you  in  the 
home  and  in  the  Church  because  of  this  enlarged  horizon.  We  recog 
nize  that  it  would  not  have  been  possible  if  you  had  not  so  heartily 
and  generously  given  us  your  blessing  and  support,  and  we  wish  to 
thank  you,  and  to  assure  you  that  we  hope  never  to  betray  the  trust 
reposed  in  us. 

We  are  under  obligation  to  our  worthy  Publishing  Agent  for  many 
favors,  and  not  least  for  our  present  pleasant  quarters,  well  adapted 
to  our  work,  and  to  all  whom  it  is  our  daily  privilege  to  meet  in  con 
nection  with  office  affairs,  for  uniform  courtesy  and  kindliness. 

The  four  years  past  have  not  been  without  their  fruitfulness,  and 
we  come  to  bring  you  some  record  of  what  has  been  wrought,  yet  we 
bow  our  heads  in  shame  that  it  has  been  so  little. 

A  brief  review  of  the  quadrennium  shows  as  follows : 

New  missionaries  sent  out  to  Africa,  13;  to  China,  5;  to  the  Philip 
pines,  6,  with  8  returned  to  their  fields,  and  at  the  present  date  we 
have  11  under  appointment. 

The  growth  of  the  Woman's  Evangel  has  been  steady,  though  not 
rapid.  This  year,  was  its  best,  the  largest  issue  being  5,500,  and  the 
average  5,209.  It  has  paid  all  of  its  expenses,  including  salary  of 
editor,  and  has  a  small  amount  to  its  credit,  but  it  is  not  issued  to 

249 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

make  money,  rather  as  a  lever  to  raise  money,  and  as  a  link  between 
the  women  of  the  Occident  and  the  women  of  the  Orient.  I  am  glad 
to  note  these  recent  words  from  the  Secretary  of  the  General  Board 
of  our  Church :  "All  .the  missionary  societies  find  it  absolutely  neces 
sary  to  publish  a  magazine  or  periodical  under  their  own  control." 
Is  not  this  a  reason  for  the  existence  of  the  Evangel1?  Increase  in 
circulation  appeals  to  us,  how  to  reach  the  masses  uninterested;  some 
how  the  cause  of  missions  is  slow  to  get  upon  our  hearts. 

It  was  unanimously  agreed  at  our  annual  session,  just  closed,  that 
our  Association  is  not  ready  for  so  radical  a  change  in  so  vital  a  mat 
ter  as  the  proposed  control  and  publication  of  the  organ  of  the  Asso 
ciation,  and  we  desire  that  the  Evangel  remain  unchanged  in  its 
present  scope  and  management. 

China.  The  reaction  from  the  Boxer  trouble  was  slow,  and  slowly 
our  forces  gathered  together,  and  as  they  could  began  to  move  for 
ward.  A  street  chapel  on  Honam  was  soon  opened,  in  addition  to  our 
other  work,  and  five  day-schools  have  been  maintained  with  good  suc 
cess;  so  day  by  day  the  seed  is  sown. 

The  boarding-school  work  has  been  very  encouraging,  the  pupils 
now  numbering  37,  many  of  whom  are  Christians. 

In  the  medical  department  53,445  cases  have  been  treated  during 
the  quadrennium,  bringing  help  to  the  body,  and  the  evangelistic  work 
accompanying  has  ministered  to  the  soul.  A  number  of  Bible  women 
have  been  regularly  employed.  The  membership  has  grown  from  58 
to  162,  and  11  native  workers  have  been  added,  making  now  30  helpers. 

Work  continues  at  San  Tong,  thirty  miles  east  of  Canton,  and  a 
new  chapel  has  been  built,  and  an  adjoining  town  reached. 

South  of  Canton  is  a  large  district  with  an  estimated  population 
of  three  millions.  Here  we  have  six  openings  in  charge  of  native 
workers,  excepting  at  Siu  Lam,  where  we  have  built  a  home  and  two  of 
our  missionaries  are  located.  The  stations  are  within  easy  reach, 
and  there  are  openings  for  work  all  about.  We  hope  to  settle  foreign 
missionaries  soon  in  all  of  the  large  centers  opened. 

Additional  buildings  in  Canton  have  been  found  necessary,  and  a 
three-story  physician's  residence  on  our  own  compound,  and  a  boys' 
school  outside,  are  now  in  process  of  erection.  It  is  hoped  soon  to 
develop  some  systematic  training  for  native  workers,  men  and  women. 
We  have  an  open  field  in  China,  and  trained  native  workers  are  needed 
quite  as  much  as  missionaries. 

Africa.  Our  oldest  station  has  felt  new  impetus  in  the  union  of  the 
Freetown  work,  where  we  have  now  our  mission  home,  church,  and 
academy,  all  rented  buildings.  We  ought  to  own  property  there.  The 
opening  of  the  school  has  been  encouraging;  pupils  now  number  33. 
The  Mendi  meetings,  held  in  eight  different  places  of  the  town,  mean 
much  to  the  natives  and  to  our  future  Church.  With  this  center,  and 
an  able  superintendent,  the  work  has  pushed  on  into  the  interior.  At 
Rotifunk  a  fine  memorial  church  has  been  built;  at  Moyamba,  a  good 

250 


UMTED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

stone  church;  at  Taiama,  a  mission  residence,  while  a  goodly  number 
of  native  houses  and  chapels  have  been  erected.  The  dispensary  has 
been  reopened.  While  we  have  not  reports  for  the  four  years,  this 
year,  in  the  absence  of  the  doctor  on  furlough,  Mr.  Judy  treated  700 
cases,  holding  80  services  in  the  dispensary.  We  have  now  8  organ 
ized  churches,  with  a  membership  of  209,  9  Sunday  schools,  and  11 
day-schools.  Our  force  of  native  workers  has  grown  to  22,  and  17 
fields  are  occupied.  Everything  speaks  advance  compared  with  our 
best  before  the  uprising,  better  buildings,  better  system,  better  train 
ing,  more  workers,  and  the  towns  beyond  are  calling,  "Give  us  the 
light.'; 

Philippines.  Much  of  the  time  during  the  quadrennium  has  been 
spent  in  attempts  to  open  work  in  Manila,  but  it  was  finally  decided  to 
make  a  beginning  in  La  Union  Province,  in  the  Ilocano  country,  and 
the  present  year  has  been  one  of  great  encouragement.  In  a  province 
fifty  miles  long  and  from  ten  to  thirty  miles  wide,  with  a  population 
of  about  130,000,  we  have  regular  meetings  held  at  12  places,  and  have 
4  organized  churches  with  a  membership  of  132.  A  chapel  and 
mission-house  combined  has  been  built,  and  some  native  chapels. 
Other  strong  workers  are  under  appointment,  and  it  is  hoped,  with 
different  centers,  to  systematically  develop  the  work  in  the  entire 
province,  and  to  enter  the  adjoining  one  of  Benguet.  Our  opportunity 
in  the  Philippines  is  the  present ;  our  obligation  cannot  be  lightly 
turned  aside.  The  Filipino  is  seeking  the  Bible  and  the  missionary. 
Shall  he  seek  in  vain  ?  The  harvest  is  white. 

Summary.  We  have  foreign  missionaries  in  Africa,  12;  in  China, 
7;  in  the  Philippines,  4;  at  home,  2;  total,  25;  under  appointment,  11; 
ordained  ministers,  9 ;  medical,  2 ;  native  workers,  68 ;  fields,  35. 
Property  valuation,  Africa,  $16,252.80;  China,  $14,604.75;  Philip 
pines,  $2,000;  total,  $32,857.55.  We  have  an  organization  of  32 
Branches,  comprising  538  local  societies  and  bands,  with  a  member 
ship  of  13,954.  During  the  quadrennium  we  have  gathered  $101,- 
569.42,  and  since  organization  $413,490.07. 

It  was  the  privilege  of  the  Secretary  to  visit  the  foreign  fields  dur 
ing  the  quadrennium,  and  to  bring  away  much  that  can  be  known 
only  by  personal  sight  and  touch,  helping  to  better  comprehension  of 
conditions  and  needs. 

The  degraded  condition  of  the  women  and  children  of  the  Orient, 
bowed  down  with  superstition,  stirs  our  hearts,  and  we  ask  anew  what 
can  we  do  that  these  other  sheep  of  our  Master's  may  come,  even  in 
this  generation,  to  hear  of  him.  and,  coming  to  him,  may  have  their 
lives  transformed.  Surely  with  all  the  open  doors  everwhere  must 
come  great  responsibility  upon  us,  and  we  bespeak  your  continued 
help  that  in  larger  measure  we  may  fulfill  our  obligations  to  these  sis 
ters  of  ours  for  whom  Christ  died,  but  to  whom  the  message  has  not 
come. 

You  will  remember  that  at  first  our  only  expectation  was  to  help  a 

251 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

little  in  the  schools  at  the  stations  already  opened  by  our  General 
Missionary  Board,  but  you  urged  us  to  independent  work,  and  now, 
after  thirty  years,  we  have  not  only  our  joint  work  in  Africa,  but  two 
distinct  fields,  one  in  China,  with  a  goodly  number  of  stations,  but 
with  no  complete  organization,  and  one  in  the  Philippines,  with  four 
organized  churches. 

These  ought  to  be  recognized  as  a  part  of  the  mission  work  of  our 
Church,  and  we  ask  that  the  General  Conference  define  the  relations 
of  our  Association  and  of  these  fields  to  the  General  Conference,  and 
outline  some  policy  by  which  they  shall  be  governed  in  harmony  with 
the  usages  of  our  Church,  but  not  disturbing  the  present  plan  of  or 
ganization  of  the  Woman's  Missionary  Association  or  its  control  of 
funds.  Faithfully,  MRS.  B.  F.  WITT,  Secretary. 

BISHOP  MILLS.     First,  I  wish  to  move  that  this  report  go  to  the 
proper  committee,  the  Committee  on  Missions. 
Seconded,  and  was  so  referred. 
BISHOP  MILLS.    I  offer  the  following  resolution : 

Resolved,  That  we  are  delighted  to  listen  to  the  report  of  the 
Woman's  Missionary  Association,  just  read  by  Mrs.  B.  F.  Witt,  and 
that  we  are  greatly  pleased  over  the  progress  of  the  work  of  missions 
in  their  hands.  We  assure  these  noble  women  of  our  entire  confidence 
and  our  good  wishes  and  prayers  that  God's  richest  blessing  may  al 
ways  attend  their  efforts  to  advance  his  kingdom. 

J.  S.  MILLS. 
J.  H.  SNYDER. 

The  resolution  was  unanimously  adopted. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  have  found  in  these  few  moments  the 
sweetest  memories  crowding  upon  me.  I  remembered  that  the  one 
who  read  that  report  was  once  a  distinguished  and  helpful  parishioner 
of  mine,  whom  I  learned  to  love  and  admire;  and  then  I  remembered 
that,  in  1865,  at  least  at  that  time  I  formed  the  acquaintance  of  the 
second  president  of  the  Woman's  Missionary  Association,  the  sainted 
and  queenly  woman  who  is  up  yonder,  and  aye,  here,  is  close  to  us  this 
afternoon,  Mrs.  Haywood,  whom  we  all  loved  dearly;  and  then  it  was 
my  pleasure  to  be  at  Westfield,  Illinois,  when  the  successor  of  Mrs. 
Haywood  was  elected,  in  the  midst  of  a  veritable  Pentecost  that  came 
down  upon  all  hearts  and  upon  all  spirits  together,  my  teacher  in 
Otterbein  University,  whom  we  all  loved  and  who  commanded  our 
hearts  and  our  lives  and  overshadowed  us  with  her  sweet  spirit,  Mrs. 
L.  K.  Miller.  God  bless  her  spirit  at  this  moment,  her  life;  and  now 
at  this  moment  I  sit  at  the  side  of  one  who  was  my  associate  in  the 

252 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

schoolroom,  in  her  home  in  Westerville,  and  other  places  in  the  sweetest 
fellowship  years  ago,  and  then  she  was  my  distinguished  and  helpful 
parishioner  when  I  was  pastor  of  one  of  the  churches  in  Dayton, 
Ohio,  and  was  for  twelve  years  editor  of  the  Woman's  Evangel;  and 
at  the  recent  meeting  at  Holton  I  understand  that  she  was  elected  to 
succeed  our  beloved,  queenly  woman,  Mrs.  L.  K.  Miller,  and  so 
I  have  the  exquisite,  for  I  have  no  other  word  better  than  that  word, 
exquisite  pleasure  of  introducing,  to  you  the  new  president  of  the 
Woman's  Missionary  Association,  daughter  of  a  sainted,  glorified 
minister,  a  queenly  woman,  who  is  true  in  her  very  soul  to  all  the 
interests  of  the  United  Brethren  Church  and  to  the  advancement  of 
the  kingdom  of  Jesus  Christ  in  the  earth.  I  have  the  pleasure  of  in 
troducing  Mrs.  Harford,  of  Omaha,  who  will  now  speak  some  words  to 
you. 

MRS.  L.  K.  HARFORD,  of  Omaha,  Nebraska.  Dear  brethren  and  sis 
ters  of  the  General  Conference :  I  can  scarcely  express  my  feelings  at 
this  time,  as  I  have  been  so  graciously  introduced  to  you  by  Bishop 
Mathews  in  the  connection  in  which  I  appear  before  you  to-day.  Here 
tofore  in  the  history  of  the  Woman's  Missionary  Association  the 
chariot  has  called  for  the  predecessor,  Mrs.  Sowers,  the  beloved  woman 
of  the  many  who  knew  her,  who  was  the  inspiration  of  the  organiza 
tion,  saying  at  the  time  when  it  was  felt  that  the  women  of  our  Church 
were  not  ready  for  the  step,  "Other  churches  can  do  their  work,  but  we 
must  do  ours,"  and  so  she  was  the  inspiration  of  those  who  first  started 
the  organization ;  and  then  in  her  decease,  the  dear  Mrs.  Haywood,  who 
had  been  a  teacher  to  many,  who  had  stood  for  education  and  stood 
high  in  our  church  as  a  strong,  intellectual  woman,  succeeded  to  the 
presidency;  and  when  she  was  translated,  the  mantle  fell  upon  Mrs. 
Miller,  whom  I  think  every  one  of  us  loves  to  revere  and  recall  and  to 
speak  words  in  her  praise. 

A  beautiful  letter  was  read  at  our  organization  at  Holton,  speaking 
of  the  infirmities  that  have  come  upon  her,  making  it,  as  she  thought, 
her  duty  to  decline  the  responsibility,  and  asking  that  she  be  relieved ; 
and  then  the  mantle  fell  upon  another.  I  said  to  our  sisters 
there,  that  whatever  strength  there  was  for  me  in  the  future  should 
be  given  to  this  work,  and  whatever  of  ability  has  come  ^from  expe 
rience  in  connection  with  the  work,  shall  be  dedicated  to  the  best  in 
terests  and  to  the  enlargement  and  growth  of  this  work.  In  the  many 


253 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

years,  at  the  times  of  organization,  as  I  have  had  to  recall  very  often 
since  I  have  been  here,  as  I  have  met  friends  from  all  over  the  coun 
try,  from  the  Pacific  Ocean  to  the  Atlantic,  bringing  to  mind  the 
times  when  I  have  been  at  their  homes,  I  am  reminded  to-day  of  the 
constant  courtesy  of  the  bishops,  the  general  Church  officers,  and 
ministers  from  one  end  of  the  Church  to  the  other,  as  I  have  tried  in 
the  past  to  do  the  work  of  organizing;  and  I  wish  again,  as  I  have  ex 
pressed  it  before,  to  thank  you  all  personally  for  what  you  have  done 
for  me  in  opening  up  the  way,  in  making  it  easy  for  us  to  go  on  with 
our  work;  and  I  ask,  and  I  have  no  reason  to  expect  anything  else, 
that  the  same  courtesy  and  encouragement  as  was  expressed  by  this 
resolution  will  be  for  the  future,  and,  as  I  have  been  thinking  of  what 
might  be  done  for  our  Association,  I  have  wondered  how  it  has  been. 
I  think  there  is  no  church  anywhere  that  is  so  liberal  with  regard  to 
its  attitude  toward  women  as  the  United  Brethren  Church,  and  I 
have  asked  myself  how  it  is,  why  it  is,  that  in  the  one  hundred  years 
of  our  experience  women  have  not  had  the  responsibilities  laid  upon 
them  in  any  of  our  boards,  or  any  of  our  larger  work  for  the 
Church ;  and  the  only  answer  I  can  get  is,  as  was  expressed  by  our 
Corresponding  Secretary's  report,  that  the  work  of  the  Woman's 
Missionary  Association  has  given  woman  her  normal  place  in  church 
work.  Our  women  are  enjoying,  as  a  rule,  the  highest  place  of  woman 
hood  in  the  world,  and  that  is  in  the  home,  the  home  life.  The  queen 
of  the  home  is  the  highest  position  that  woman  can  attain  to,  and 
she  desires  no  other;  but  in  that  home,  and  in  that  place,  she  has  been 
able  to  take  part,  through  the  Woman's  Missionary  Association,  in 
the  evangelization  of  the  world ;  and  so  the  answer,  as  it  comes  to  me, 
is,  that  it  is  her  normal  place. 

We  have  been  granted  large  liberties  in  the  past  history  of  the 
Church,  so  far  as  our  Association  is  concerned,  and  I  believe  that  the 
women  have  been  true  to  the  Church,  and  have  not  in  any  way  done 
anything  that  would  violate  the  confidence  that  has  been  reposed  in 
them ;  and  I  think  I  know  the  women  of  the  Church  well  enough  to 
say  that  whatever  the  future  shall  be,  it  will  be  that  of  loyalty  to  serve 
the  best  interests  of  this  Church  we  so  much  love.  The  past  quad- 
rennium,  as  was  referred  to  by  our  Secretary,  has  shown  an  advance 
step  in  our  work,  that  of  uniting  our  forces  in  a  general  way  in 
Africa.  Because  our  women  have  had  the  money,  and  the  opportunity 

254 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

has  opened  up,  they  have. gone  into  some  fields  where  the  general 
Church  was  not  working;  and,  as  we  have  heard  by  the  Secretary's 
report,  the  time  has  come  when  we  need  to  be  organized.  I  have 
thought,  especially  since  last  night,  and  since  I  have  known  that  the 
debt  of  the  General  Board  has  been  paid,  and  I  have  had  a  vision,  and 
it  is  that  this  Church  will  rise  now  to  her  opportunity  and  give  such 
amounts  for  the  work  of  foreign  missions  that  we  shall  see  sxich 
progress  as  we  have  not  seen  in  the  past  fifty  years,  in  a  very  few  com 
ing  years.  [Great  applause.]  And  I  have  a  vision  of  enough  money 
in  the  treasury,  enough  young  men  and  young  women  who  are  now 
preparing,  consecrating  themselves  to  the  work  on  foreign  fields,  that 
there  shall  be  enough  money  in  the  treasury  that  we  may  as  a  Church 
send  our  dozens  of  missionaries  instead  of  the  one,  two,  or  three  that 
we  have  sent  in  the  past  [voices,  Amen],  and  that  in  the  very  near 
future  the  General  Board  will  send  its  representatives  to  China,  and 
begin  very  strong,  efficient  work  there,  stronger  than  the  women  have 
been  able  to  do,  and  they  can  so  work  in  that  land  as  we  have  in  other 
places ;  and  then  that  vision  also  reverts  to  'the  time  when  there  shall 
be  work  in  Japan  among  the  girls  and  among  the  women  that  the 
women  of  this  Church  will  want  to  take  hold  of,  and  will  want  to- 
support,  and  there  will  be  another  union  in  that  field.  [Great  ap 
plause.] 

And  then  I  believe  that  the  time  is  coming  when  all  together  we  shall 
project  large  things  in  low,  benighted  places  that  have  not  yet  been 
touched  with  the  religion  of  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ.  [Voices.  Amen.] 
It  does  not  take  a  prophet  for  that ;  that  is  only  the  legitimate  out 
come  of  the  relief  from  the  debt  on  the  Church  and  the  outcome  of 
the  sowing  of  the  seed  that  has  been  done  by  our  Woman's  Missionary 
Association  in  our  homes,  and  through  the  children,  and  in  our 
schools,  by  the  dissemination  of  missionary  intelligence.  It  is  only  the 
natural  outcome,  the  fruitage  of  which  has  been  sown  in  past  years, 
and  I  congratulate  the  young  men  and  young  women  of  our  Church 
to-day  that  they  may  have  a  hand  in  reaping  a  great  and  mighty  har 
vest  in  the  very  near  future,  and  I  wish  I  could  put  inspiration  and 
courage  into  the  hearts  of  those  who  have  been  out  in  the  field  and 
have  come  back,  ,that  they  may  have  scores  of  helpers  to  go  out ;  and 
the  beautiful  thing  of  it  all  is,  that  which  was  in  our  hearts  thirty 
years  ago,  and  which  how  many  times  I  have  proposed,  and  how  many 

255 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

times  I  said  all  over  the  Church,  "This  Church  will  not  be  doing  her 
duty  until  every  congregation  has  its  missionary  abroad  as  well  as  its 
pastor  at  home."  [Applause.] 

That  time  is  here  in  such  large  numbers  of  congregations,  and 
schools,  and  organizations  that  are  doing  this  work,  that  it  seems  to 
me  we  must  only  be  true  to  the  opportunities,  true  to  the  young  peo 
ple  who  have  by  prayer  given  themselves  upon  the  altar  of  God  for 
this  work,  and  gone  forth  in  his  name  to  greater  victories  than  ever 
before.  Brethren,  the  work  that  the  women  have  done  is  not  all  they 
can  do.  It  is  not  all  that  they  ought  to  do.  I  asked  at  our  Board 
meeting  how  many  Branch  presidents  were  present,  and  they  stood. 
I  said,  "How  many  of  you  can  report  a  perfect  organization  of  t*he 
Woman's  Missionary  Association  for  every  church  in  your  confer 
ence?"  and  not  one  could  do  it;  and  so  there  is  a  great  field  yet.  We 
have  somehow,  it  seems  to  me,  been  resting  for  just  a  while;  but  I 
believe  that  the  time  is  coming  when  what  we  have  done  will  be  as  but 
a  small  part  of  what  we  can  do  together  with  you  in  the  great  work  of 
spreading  the  gospel  to  the  ends  of  the  earth,  and  I  beg  your  prayers 
and  your  interests  and  your  advice.  The  Woman's  Missionary  Asso 
ciation  is  abundantly  able  to  stand  its  share  in  anything  that  you 
may  dictate  in  regard  to  work  and  help  in  this  great  field. 

I  thank  you  most  earnestly  for  this  opportunity  of  saying  these  few 
words.  I  wish  they  might  be  stronger,  but  I  want  to  say  that  I  ap 
preciate  it  more  than  I  can  tell  you.  [Applause.] 

The  Arion  Quartet  was  called  for  at  this  point,  and  sang  "The  Sure 
Refuge." 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  The  Committee 
on  Rules  thought  they  had  brought  to  you  every  rule  necessary  to  pro 
vide  against  hasty  action  or  the  consideration  of  matters  out  of  their 
order.  In  looking  over,  we  found,  upon  an  occasion  or  two,  nothing 
that  would  cover  the  case.  We  supposed  that  Rule  No.  24  provided  for 
every  contingency,  and  I  rise  to  offer  for  the  action  of  this  body  an 
other  one,  and  I  have  "numbered  it,  for  convenience,  Rule  34,  "Any 
motion  introduced  proposing  any  important  action  by  this  Conference 
shall  be  referred,  without  debate,  to  the  proper  committee,  and  shall 
be  disposed  of  by  that  committee  or  in  the  consideration  of  its  re 
port." 

Now,  Mr.   Chairman,  we   are  likely    to    be    carried    away    by    the 

256 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

sway  of  impulse  or  without  proper  consideration,  to  take  such  hasty 
action  as  we  probably  would  not  do  if  we  had  these  matters  before 
us  for  a  longer  time.  We  have  had,  on  two  or  three  occasions  here, 
matters  which  have  caused  us  some  embarrassment,  when,  if  we  could 
have  referred  to  such  a  rule  as  this,  every  one  would  have  felt,  at  the 
conclusion  of  the  matter,  that  it  had  gone  off  as  it  should  go,  and  the 
action  of  the  Conference  would  be  in  proper  form. 

This  rule  was  adopted  as  No.  34. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Will  that  be  printed,  or  how  will  you  at 
tach  that  to  the  rules? 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER.  It  would  be  very  convenient  to  have  it 
printed,  but  I  suppose  we  will  all  remember  it  as  we  have  had  this 
impressed  upon  us  in  several  instances  in  the  last  few  days. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  would  say  that  I  would  request  the  com 
mittee  to  watch  any  violations. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER.  It  will  relieve  the  chair's  embarrassment ; 
the  chair  will  at  once  dispose  of  it  and  the  committee  will  bring  it 
back  to  you. 

REV.  3.  H.  HINTON,  of  Neosho  Conference.  The  negative  of  this 
was  not  taken.  It  strikes  me  that  there  was  not  half  of  this  delegation 
voted. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Those  favoring  the  adoption  of  this  Rule 
No.  34  will  raise  their  hands.  Those  opposing,  like  sign. 

It  was  adopted  and  so  ordered1. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  When  I  studied  law  they  told  me  it  was  not 
necessary  to  do  more,  but  we  can  do  more  than  necessary  to  be  safe. 

The  report  of  the  Committee  on  Sunday  Schools  was  called  for,  but 
reported  not  ready.  Also  the  Committee  on  Course  of  Ministerial 
Study  was  reported  not  ready. 

REV.  W.  I.  BEATTY,  of  Iowa  Conference.  I  have  a  resolution  which 
I  would  like  to  read. 

WHEREAS,  In  consideration  of  the  fact  that  no  adequate  arrange 
ment  exists  for  the  maintenance  of  retiring  ministers  and  officers  of 
the  Church,  be  it 

Resolved,  1.  That  a  committee  of  five,  with  full  power  to  act,  be 
appointed  by  this  General  Conference,  whose  duty  it  shall  be  to  thor 
oughly  investigate- the  methods  used  by  other  churches  for  this  pur- 


257 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

pose,  and  then  to  organize  and  set  in  motion  such  forces  as  will  be 
necessary  to  secure  the  funds  requisite  for  this  purpose. 

2.     That  Hon.  Matt  Edmonds  be  the  chairman  of  this  committee. 

W.  I.  BEATTY. 

WM.  M.  BELL. 

HERVIN  U.  EOOP. 

MRS.   FRED  GIESLER. 

M.  R.  DRURY. 

J.  L.  GRIMM. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  What  is  your  pleasure  with  reference  to 
this  paper  ? 

REV.  D.  W.  SPRINKLE,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  Perhaps  it  belongs 
to  you,  Mr.  Chairman,  to  assign  it  to  its  proper  location. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    We  can  refer  it. 

REV.  GEO.  MILLER,  of  Des  Moines  Conference.  I  have  a  paper  here 
that  I  would  like  to  offer  as  a  substitute  for  that  resolution. 

I.     PRELUDE. 

There  shall  be  organized  and  maintained  by  the  General  Conference 
a  society  for  the  relief  of  superannuated,  worn  out,  and  afflicted  min 
isters  of  the  gospel  and  their  wives  and  children  of  the  Church  of  the 
United  Brethren  in  Christ. 

II.      NAME. 

This  Society  shall  be  called  the  Preachers'  Aid  Society  of  the 
Church  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ. 

III.      OFFICERS. 

The  officers  of  this  society  shall  consist  of  five  Directors,  three 
ministers  and  two  laymen,  a  Secretary  and  Treasurer,  the  Directors 
and  Secretary  to  be  elected  by  the  General  Conference.  The  officers 
and  directors  shall  constitute  a  Board  of  Managers,  who  shall  meet 
immediately  after  their  election  and  organize  by  electing  a  President 
and  Vice-President.  The  Corresponding  Secretary  shall  be  Recording- 
Secretary  of  the  Board. 

IV.    DUTIES  OF  OFFICERS. 

1.  The  President  shall  preside  at  all  meetings  of  the  Board  and 
shall  have  power  in  conjunction  with  the  Secretary  and  two  directors 
to  call  special  meetings.     In  the  absence  of  the  President,  the  Vice- 
President  shall  preside. 

2.  The  Corresponding  Secretary  shall  keep  a  record  of  the  pro 
ceedings  of  the  Board,  conduct  its  correspondence,  and  devote  himself 
to  the  work  of  securing  funds  and  attending  to  the  interests  of  the 
Society,  as  the  Board  may  direct.    He  shall  publish  annual  and  quad- 

258 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IN   CHRIST 

rennial  reports  of  the  work  of  the  Society.     The  General  Conference 
shall  fix  the  salary  of  the  Secretary. 

3.  The  Board  of  Managers  shall  hold  annual  meetings.  They  shall 
appoint  an  Executive  Committee  of  their  own  number,  make  by-laws 
to  regulate  its  business  not  in  conflict  with  the  Discipline,  appropriate 
money  for  incidental  expenses,  and  pension  those  entitled  to  the  same. 
It  shall  be  the  duty  of  the  Board  of  Managers,  in  case  of  vacancy  in 
the  office  of  Secretary,  to  appoint  his  successor,  who  shall  serve  until 
the  following  General  Conference. 

V.      AUXILIARY  BOARD. 

Each  annual  conference  shall  appoint  an  Auxiliary  Board  of  Di 
rectors,  through  which  all  applications  for  pension  shall  be  made.  The 
Auxiliary  Board  shall  examine  carefully  each  application  for  pension 
and  certify  the  same  to  the  Secretary  of  the  Parent  Board,  together 
with  the  degree  of  disability,  age,  etc.,  whether  male,  female,  or  child. 

VI.      FUNDS — HOW  SECURED. 

Each  annual  conference  shall  make  a  judicio.us  apportionment  to 
each  field  of  labor  for  the  benefit  of  this  fund ;  also,  each  person  in  the 
active  ministry  shall  pay  into  this  fund  the  sum  of  five  dollars  per 
annum.  All  money  so  collected,  and  all  donations  and  bequests  se 
cured  for  preachers'  aid,  except  individual  donations,  shall  go  to  the 
Parent  Board.  The  money  paid  to  ministerial  aid  by  the  Publishing 
House  shall  go  to  this  annual  fund. 

The  Treasurer  shall  receipt  for  all  money  sent  him  by  the  several 
annual  conference  treasurers,  and  from  all  other  sources.  The  Gen 
eral  Church  Treasurer  shall  be  the  Treasurer  of  this  fund. 

VII.      QUALIFICATIONS  OF  APPLICANTS. 

Any  person  receiving  a  pension  under  this  rule  must  be  a  minister 
of  the  gospel  in  good  standing  in  the  Church  of  the  United  Brethren 
in  Christ,  and  have  been  engaged  in  active  pastoral  work  not  less 
than  five  years,  except  in  the  case  of  widows  and  children,  and  at  the 
time  of  application  under  this  rule  must  be  in  part  or  in  whole  dis 
abled  from  the  performance  of  ministerial  work,  by  sickness,  old  age, 
or  other  unavoidable  circumstances. 

Widows  receiving  a  pension  under  this  rule  must  show  that  they 
are  the  wives  of  ministers  of  the  gospel  of  the  Church  of  the  United 
Brethren  in  Christ,  in  good  standing  in  the  Church. 

Children  must  be  under  the  age  of  sixteen  years  and  dependent  upon 
the  widowed  mother  or  themselves  for  support  and  education. 

VIII.    DISTRIBUTION. 

1.  All  applications  shall  be  forwarded  by  the  Conference  Auxiliary 
Board  to  the  General  Secretary  at  Dayton,  Ohio,  and  by  him  filed  in 
the  order  of  receipt. 

259 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

2.  The  Secretary  shall  fix  a  day  in  each  month  for  the  examination 
of  all  claims  on  file  and  continue  until  all  are  examined.     He  shall 
notify  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  time  and  place  of  meeting. 
The  day  of  the  month  should  be  the  same,  as  nearly  as  may  be,  from 
month  to  month. 

3.  The  Secretary  shall  forward  by  check  all  allowances  each  month 
to  pensioners,  and  notify  all  claimants  whose  applications  have  been 
disallowed.     The  Secretary  shall  also  furnish  proper  blanks  for  appli 
cation  to  each  conference  board. 

REV.  L.  W.  STAHL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  suppose  under  the 
rule  just  adopted  these  papers  would  go  to  the  committee? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  think  they  should  go  to  the  Committee  on 
Government  of  the  Church. 

REV.  L.  W.  STAHL.  There  was  no  committee  for  that,  and  I  was 
going  to  move  that  these  papers  be  referred  to  a  special  committee. 

REV.  M.  R.  DRURY,  of  Iowa  Conference.  Would  not  the  Committee 
on  Ministry  of  the  Church  take  charge  of  a  matter  of  this  kind  ?  I 
move  the  reference  of  both  of  these  papers  to  the  Committee  on  Min 
istry  of  the  Church. 

Seconded. 

They  were  so  referred. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  would  like  to 
ask  a  question  which  seems  to  me  pertinent:  What  is  the  use  of  mak 
ing  an  order  of  business  if  these  committees  are  simply  asking  for  a 
continuance?  We  are  now  to  Monday,  and  almost  ready  for  ad 
journment.  Before  you  begin  your  elections  three  or  four  of  these 
reports  must  not  only  be  made,  but  must  be  considered  and  acted 
upon.  When  made,  under  the  rule  they  lay  over  a  day,  and  you  will 
be  facing  the  necessity  of  postponing  your  elections,  and  therefore 
postponing  the  time  for  the  adjournment  of  the  Conference,  simply 
from  the  fact  that  they  are  not  ready  to  report.  Now  it  seems  to  me 
they  can  get  ready  to  report,  if  it  takes  all  day  or  all  night.  The 
motion  I  desire  to  make  is  that  we  do  now  adjourn  and  instruct  the 
commitees  to  be  ready  Tuesday  morning  to  make  any  reports  called 
for. 

Seconded. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  jSTeosho  Conference.  The  Committee  on 
Formulas  is  ready  to  be  acted  upon,  is  it  not? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  There  is  a  motion  to  adjourn,  unless  you 
vote  it  down. 

260 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

REV.  J.  SIMONS,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference.  I  would  like  to  announce 
that  Committee  No.  14,  on  Ministry  of  the  Church,  will  meet  imme 
diately  after  adjournment. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Those  favoring  adjournment  will  raise 
their  hand.  Those  opposing,  like  sign.  We  are  not  adjourned.  Let 
us  proceed  with  regular  business. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  want  to  call  your 
attention  to  one  thing — the  first  recommendation  in  the  Committee 
on  Formula's  report.  A  good,  wise  printer  has  seen  fit  to  insert  two 
words  that  the  committee  never  put  there — "in  Discipline."  I  know 
it  was  not  on  the  manuscript,  and  it  don't  belong  there.  Strike  off 
these  two  words,  "in  Discipline." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Do  I  understand  that  the  committee  made 
its  report,  and  it  is  printed  and  ready  for  consideration  ?  If  so,  we 
will  proceed  with  the  consideration. 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER.  To  relieve  the  Committee  on  Order  of  Business 
from  embarrassment,  and  to  prepare  us  for  consideration  of  certain 
reports  to-morrow  morning  that  ought  to  be  heard,  I  move  you,  sir, 
that  the  reports  that  have  been  deferred  be  placed  in  the  hands  of  the 
printers  without  being  reported  here  in  advance,  and  that  they  be 
presented  by  the  committee  in  printed  form. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  second  the  mo 
tion,  but  I  simply  rise  to  a  question  of  propriety,  if  that  will  expedite 
business ;  further,  it  is  the  proper  thing  to  do.  Our  rules  provide  that 
after  presenting  to  Conference  they  must  lie  over  a  day. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  point  is  well  taken,  but  the  motion  is 
out  of  order.  If  you  desire  to  do  that,  all  you  have  to  do  is  to  move  to 
suspend  the  rules  and  have  your  reports  sent  to  the  printer  and 
printed,  and  then  you  are  ready  to  act  upon  them. 

The  rules  were  suspended,  and  Dr.  Miller's  motion  was  adopted. 

It  was  then  agreed  to  consider  the  report  of  the  Committee  on 
Formulas  item  by  item,  and  Assistant  Secretary  Schaeffer  then  read 
the  first  item,  as  follows : 

1.  We  recommend  that  the  Board  of  Bishops  prepare  a  blank  for 
the  pastor's  annual  report,  and  that  the  Publishing  Agent  print  the 
same,  and  also  the  statistical  chart  to  agree  with  it. 

DR.  FUNK.  The  Board  of  Bishops  prepared  the  present  report  and 
approved  it  in 'every  particular.  They  revised  it  and  considered  it, 
and  I  do  not  know  whether  they  have  changed  their  opinion  or  not. 

261 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  The  Board  of  Bishops 
prepared  the  present  report,  but  somehow  or  other  when  it  went 
through  the  hands  of  the  printer  the  chart  and  the  report  did  not 
agree.  What  we  want  is  that  one  shall  agree  with  the  other,  so  it 
will  not  get  preachers  all  tangled  up  in  making  reports. 

Question  called  for  on  the  first  item. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  understand  that  it  is  adopted  without 
any  motion  unless  there  is  some  amendment  or  some  change.  Unless 
there  is  some  objection  we  will  proceed'  to  the  reading  of  the  next 
item. 

The  second  item  was  read  by  the  assistant  secretary,  as  follows : 

2.  Eliminate  Section  1,  Chapter  2Y,  page  52,  in  Discipline,  for  the 
reason  that  it  is  a  repetition  of  Section  1,  page  19. 

On  motion  of  G.  W.  Sherrick,  of  Allegheny  Conference,  this  item 
was  stricken  out. 

The  assistant  secretary  read  the  third  item,  as  follows : 

3.  Eliminate  from  the  pastor's  quarterly  report  all  those  items  re 
ported  by  other  members  of  the  quarterly  conference;  namely,  class 
leaders,  class  stewards,  elder  stewards,  Y.  P.   C.  U.  presidents,  and 
Sunday-school  superintendents. 

REV.  F.  H.  NEFF,  of  Oregon  Conference.  I  desire  to  call  attention 
that  the  elimination  of  that  part  referring  to  the  Sabbath-school 
superintendents,  where  there  is  more  than  one  class  upon  a  charge, 
will  give  the  presiding  elder  great  trouble,  as  he  will  have  to  add  the 
footings  on  all  the  charges  before  he  can  give  a  report.  If  we  leave 
it  as  it  is,  and  let  the  pastor  do  that,  he  will  get  the  whole  amount 
for  that  charge  without  trouble.  In  the  case  of  a  station  it  is  all 
right,  but  where  there  are  four  or  five  or  six  classes  on  a  charge  it 
would  necessitate  a  great  deal  of  extra  work. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  wish  to  say  in  de 
fense  of  this  proposition  that  I  have  known  rather  serious  conse 
quences  to  arise  because  the  pastor  makes  his  report  covering  the 
whole  ground.  In  one  case  I  know  where  the  presiding  elder  so  of 
fended  the  superintendent  that  he  resigned,  for  he  said  that  when  he 
came  to  make  his  report  the  pastor  forestalled  him ;  that  he  had  made 
all  the  report  required  of  him,  and  it  was  an  insult.  I  think  we  can 
just  as  well  strike  it  out.  I  have  been  presiding  elder  long  enough  to 
know  that  it  will  not  be  very  much  trouble  to  foot  it  up. 

.262 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN   CHRIST 

KEY.  L.  W.  STAHL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  you  that  the 
item  be  stricken  out. 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Those  favoring  this  motion  raise  their 
hands.  Those  opposed,  like  sign.  It  was  so  ordered. 

A  division  was  called  for. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Those  favoring  the  motion  to  strike  out 
this  item  will  raise  their  hands  and  keep  them  there  until  they  are 
counted. 

Vote,  61. 

REV.  W.  F.  GRITVKR,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  rise  to  a  question 
of  privilege.  I  would  like  to  know  whether  the  report  has  reference 
to  the  Discipline  or  whether  it  has  reference  to  the  blank  report. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  blank  report,  as  I  understand  it. 
Now,  those  opposed  will  raise  their  hands  and  the  secretary  will  count 
them. 

Vote,  92. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  does  not  prevail,  and  the  item 
is  not  stricken  out.  It  remains  as  it  is  printed  on  the  paper. 

The  assistant  secretary  read  the  fourth  item : 

4.  We  recommend  that  Bishop  J.  S.  Mills  prepare  a  form  of  charge 
to  trustees,  to  be  added  to  the  formula  for  the  dedication  of  church- 
houses.  No  other  changes  to  be  made. 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  would  like  to 
know  whether  there  are  any  other  changes  to  be  made?  Does  that 
forestall  any  other  changes  in  the  formulas  and  Discipline,  such  as 
the  formula  for  baptism  ?  I  have  another  point  that  I  would  like  to 
add  to  this.  If  this  is  adopted  then  it  means  that  no  other  suggestion 
can  be  made. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  chair  understands  that  "no  other 
changes  shall  be  made"  means  just  that  statement,  that  no  other 
change  is  to  be  made.  If  they  have  any  other  understanding  they  can 
express  themselves  now. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  Of  course  "no  other 
changes  to  be  made"  means  that  the  rest  are  to  be  left  as  they  are. 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  If  that  covers 
baptismal  formulas  and  forms  of  dedication  I  have  a  suggestion  to 


263 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

make,  that  instead  of  the  term  "Holy  Ghost"  the  term  "Holy  Spirit" 
be  used.    I  offer  .that  as  an  amendment. 

Seconded. 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  The  term  "Holy 
Spirit"  is  in  accordance  with  the  American  standard  revision  of  the 
Bible,  and  I  think  it  is  well  taken.  Every  place  that  "Holy  Ghost"  is 
used  in  the  other  version,  by  the  American  standard  the  term  "Holy 
Spirit"  is  used.  The  word  "Ghost"  is  vague,  indefinite,  and  has  the 
ingredient  of  superstition  connected  with  it.  We  only  hear  of  ghosts 
in  times  of  darkness  and  about  cemeteries,  and  so  I  think  that  the 
term  is  more  respectful  to  say  "Spirit"  instead  of  "Ghost."  Spirit 
means  personality,  representing  intelligence,  and  therefore  I  think 
that  "the  Holy  Spirit"  should  be  used  in  the  formulas,,  and  I  offer 
that  as  an  amendment. 

REV.  S.  W.  KEISTER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  move  that  the  last 
sentence  of  item  four  be  stricken  out,  "No  other  changes  to  be  made." 

Seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  cannot  entertain  two  motions  of  that 
character. 

REV.  S.  W.  KEISTER.  It  seems  to  me  that  this  other  is  not  a  part  of 
this,  and  should  come  in  in  another  separate  form. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  is — the  proper  motion  before 
the  house  is  this,  that  in  the  baptismal  formula,  where  the  words 
"Holy  Ghost"  are  used  the  words  "Holy  Spirit,"  or,  rather,  instead  of 
the  word  "Ghost"  the  word  "Spirit"  be  used. 

REV.  J.  I.  L.  RESSLER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  And  in  the  dedi 
cation  formula  wherever  that  is  used. 

REV.  W.  D.  STRATTON,  of  Michigan  Conference.  I  move  that  the 
whole  quotation  be  taken  from  the  Revised  Version. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  chair  understands  that  Brother  Ress- 
ler  made  this  motion — that  in  all  cases  where  the  word  "Ghost"  ap 
pears  through  the  Discipline,  in  all  the  formulas,  the  word  "Spirit" 
be  printed  instead  of  "Ghost." 

REV.  W.  D.  STRATTON,  of  Michigan  Conference.  I  understand  that, 
Mr.  Chairman,  perfectly  well,  but  if  we  are  going  to 'change  one  word 
and  make  it  according  to  the  Revised  Version,  then  change  all  that 
pertains  to  that  and  let  us  use  the  Revised  Version;  that  is  the 
amendment  that  I  offered. 

Seconded. 

264 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

REV.  G.  H.  HINTON,  of  Neosho  Conference.  Mr.  Chairman,  I 
think  that  there  is  no  need  of  any  extended  discussion  on  this.  We 
all  understand  that  "Holy  Ghost"  and  "Holy  Spirit"  mean  the  same 
thing1,  but  I  have  charity  for  those  who  have  any  superstitious  views  in 
regard  to  this.  I  am  not  in  favor  of  this  motion.  [Laughter.] 

Question  is  called  for. 

REV.  C.  W.  REGARD,  of  East  Ohio  Conference.  The  change  in  the 
Confession  of  Faith  will  also  be  made,  will  it  ?  This  has  reference 
to  the  entire  Discipline ;  therefore,  the  change  in  the  Confession  of 
Faith  as  well  as  in  the  formulas.  We  have  the  same  word  in  the  Con 
fession  of  Faith. 

REV.  J.  R.  KINO,  of  West  Africa  Conference.  I  would  like  to  ask 
if  that  will  refer  to  the  time-honored  apostolic  creed,  and  I  would 
like  to  say,  while  I  am  on  the  floor,  that  it  has  been  omitted  entirely 
from  the  Discipline  in  our  last  publication,  and  we  do  not  say  that 
we  believe  in  either  the  Holy  Spirit  or  Holy  Ghost. 

REV.  G.  W.  SHERRICK,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  would  like  to 
inquire  definitely  whether  the  motion  refers  to  formulas  or  the  Disci 
pline  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    It  refers  to  formulas. 

REV.  S.  L.  TODD,  of  Indiana  Conference.  I  rise  to  a  question  of 
privilege.  Can  the  word  be  changed  in  the  Discipline  when  in  the 
Confession  of  Faith  it  says  "Holy  Ghost"  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    No,  sir,  it  cannot. 

A  vote  was  then  taken  on  the  amendment  offered  by  Rev.  W.  D. 
Stratton,  of  Michigan  Conference,  and  the  motion  to  so  amend  pre 
vailed. 

REV.  G.  P.  HOTT.  What  was  done  with  the  first  item,  may  I  in 
quire?  Do  the  words  "in  Discipline"  still  remain?  I  move  that  they 
be  stricken  out. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  understand  that  the  words  printed  here 
were  not  intended  to  be  printed  by  the  committee. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,  of  Neosho  Conference.  It  was  not  written  at 
all.  These  words  were  not  there,  so  they  are  not  a  pa^t  of  this  report. 

REV.  S.  W.  KEISTER,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  wish  to  renew  my 
motion  now,  that  the  words  "no  other  changes  be  made"  be  stricken 
from  the  report. 

Seconded. 

DR.  FUNK.  There  needs  to  be  a  little  explanation  made  in  regard  to 

265 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

this  report.  The  copy  prepared  and  sent  to  the  printer  was  inter 
lined.  Of  course  the  printer  mistook  it,  and  "in  Discipline,"  which 
ought  to  have  appeared  in  the  second  item  after  "page  152,"  was 
transposed  to  item  one.  It  simply  emphasizes  the  fact  of  care  in  the 
preparing  of  your  copy,  for  not  every  printer  knows  just  where  things 
are  to  go. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS.  I  wish  Brother  Funk  would  show  me  the 
original  copy.  I  wrote  it  myself,  and  I  know  it  is  not  interlined. 

DR.  FUNK.     The  Press  Committee  say  it  was. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  to  amend  this  item  is  before 
you.  Are  you  ready  ? 

VOICES.    Question,  question. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Those  favoring  raise  their  hands.  Those 
opposed,  like  sign.  It  prevails.  Are  you  now  ready  for  the  adoption 
of  the  paper  as  amended  ? 

Question  is  called  for. 

REV.  W.  O.  FRIES,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  On  page  168  of  Disci 
pline,  "Deaconess'  Certificate,"  you  will  find  that  it  is  to  be  signed  by 
the  president  of  the  board  and  secretary  of  the  Board,  and  yet  the 
license  is  to  be  granted  by  the  quarterly  conference.  I  move,  Mr. 
Chairman,  that  the  formula  for  "Deaconess.'  Certificate"  be  signed 
by  the  presiding  elder,  instead  of  the  president  of"  the  board  and  secre 
tary  of  the  board. 

Seconded. 

SECRETARY  SNYDER.  I  wish  to  say  this,  brethren,  that  you  are  mak 
ing  motions  that  are  amendatory  to  the  Discipline,  and  you  will  want 
the  phraseology  just  as  you  intend  it  to  be.  If  you  want  the  Disci 
pline  corrected  as  to  your  notion,  you  must  write  our  your  resolutions. 
If  you  are  depending  upon  me  to  write  these  resolutions  in  full,  I 
cannot  properly  represent  you,  so  I  ask  that  you  write  your  resolu 
tions.  You  are  making  Discipline  now,  and  you  want  to  be  exact, 
because  the  changing  of  a  word,  or  the  dotting  of  an  "i,"  or  the  cross 
ing  of  a  "t"  may  make  the  rule  nugatory. 

The  report  as. amended  was  adopted. 

DR.  D.  R.  SENEFF,  of  Lower  Wabash  Conference.  You  will  remem 
ber  that  over  in  Illinois,  some  time  ago,  it  was  decided,  upon  some 
occasion,  that  the  Lord  was  not  in  a  hurry.  Do  you  remember  that? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    The  chair  remembers  it. 


266 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

DR.  SEXEFF.  I  think  we  ought  not  to  be  in  a  hurry ;  we  do  not  know 
what  the  amendment  means. 

THE  PRESIDIXG  BISHOP.  Will  the  chairman  read  it  for  the  benefit  of 
Dr.  Seneff? 

Dr.  Fries  again  read  his  resolution. 

R.  H.  BENNETT,  of  Neosho  Conference.  Were  we  voting  upon  that 
amendment  or  upon  this  report  when  we  were  voting? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  chair  does  not  recognize  motions  not 
written,  but  we  will  be  generous,  and,  I  presume,  in  spite  of  what  the 
secretary  requested,  we  will  take  a  vote  on  the  amendment  as  pre 
sented  by  Dr.  Fries.  Xow  we  will  try  that  over  again.  Those  favor 
ing  the  amendment  as  presented  by  Dr.  Fries  raise  their  hands.  Those 
opposed,  like  sign.  The  amendment  is  adopted. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Xow,  the  whole  paper  as  amended.  Those 
favoring  the  whole  paper  as  amended,  raise  their  hands.  Those  op 
posed,  like  sign.  The  report  is  adopted. 

REV.  V.  A.  CARLTON,  of  Iowa  Conference.  In  view  of  some  very  im 
portant  work  which  some  of  the  committees  have  to  do  preparatory  to 
reporting  to-morrow,  I  move  that  we  now  adjourn. 

Seconded. 

Several  chairmen  of  committees  made  announcements  for  meetings. 

REV.  S.  W.  PAUL,  Secretary  of  the  Devotional  Committee.  Rev.  J. 
W.  Kiracofe,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference,  will  conduct  the  devotional 
services  Tuesday  morning,  and  Rev.  J.  A.  Richardson,  of  Wisconsin 
Conference,  in  the  afternoon.  I  shall  state  while  on  the  floor  that  the 
Devotional  Committee  was  required  to  act  on  the  resolution  of 
Brother  Lorenz.  It  has  not  come  into  our  hands  yet.  We  would  like 
to  get  hold  of  it. 

SECRETARY  SNYDER.  Dr.  Funk  has  prepared  blank  forms  for  rules, 
and  if  you  will  use  these  blank  forms  they  will  be  very  convenient.  I 
know  how  business  will  rush  from  this  time  on,  so  use  these  blanks. 

DR.  H.  IT.  ROOP,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  am  sit 
ting  in  about  the  center  of  the  hall,  and  I  cannot  say  truthfully  that 
I  have  heard  more  than  about  half  of  what  was  said  this  afternoon.  I 
do  not  know  how  they  hear  on  the  outside,  but  I  do  not  hear  here. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  chair  has  not  stated  the  motion  to  ad 
journ,  and  therefore  the  chair  can  entertain  any  motion  that  seems 
to  be  necessary. 

267 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

DR.  FUNK.     I  move  you  that  when  we  adjourn  we  adjourn  to  meet 
at  7 :  30  o'clock  in  the  Auditorium. 
Seconded. 

The  motion  to  adjourn  was  adopted. 
Benediction  by  Bishop  Stanford. 


FOURTH  DAY— EVENING  SESSION. 

MONDAY,  May  15,  1905. 

In  the  Auditorium,  Bishop  Mills  presiding. 

The  music  was  directed  by  Professor  Ruebush,  of  Virginia  Confer 
ence. 

Song  No.  197,  "Holy,  holy,  holy,"  was  followed  by  reading  of  John 
17 :  20-26,  and  Ephesians  4 :  1-7,  by  Dr.  E.  J.  White,  of  Buffalo,  fol 
lowed  by  prayer.  Song  No.  166,  "Come,  Holy  Spirit,  Heavenly  Dove," 
was  next  sung. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Members  of  the  Conference,  the  moment 
looked  forward  to  with  profound  interest  in  this  General  Conference 
is  here.  Many  things  have  led  up  to  it.  Apart  from  the  history  of 
the  movement  in  other  churches,  in  our  own  the  movement  began 
specifically  four  years  ago,  when  the  General  Conference  authorized 
the  bishops  to  appoint  a  committee  to  cooperate  with  similar  corn- 
mittes  from  other  churches  with  regard  to  closer  affiliation.  You 
will  remember  that  the  General  Conference  authorized  that  committee 
and  that  movement.  Following  that  a  petition,  signed  by  a  number 
of  the  men,  prominent  officers  of  the  Church,  brought  the  matter  again 
into  prominence.  The  committee  from  our  Church  met  similar  com 
mittees  from  two  sister  churches  arid  counseled  together  upon  this 
question.  There  was  great  unanimity  of  sentiment  in  that  joint  com 
mittee.  A  second  meeting  was  held  later,  and  finally  a  third  meeting, 
at  which  was  perfected  a  document  that  will  come  before  you  this 
evening.  From  that  time  down  to  the  present  no  other  question  in 
our  Church  has  been  of  such  profound  interest  as  the  one  to  be  pre 
sented  here  to-night. 

Now  I  ani  not  to  speak  to  you,  but  others  more  worthy  will  address 
you.  I  bespeak  for  them  a  thoughtful,  considerate  hearing,  and  that 
everybody  give  opportunity  for  every  other  person  to  hear  by  being 

268 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

as  quiet  as  they  can.  First.  I  wish  to  present  to  you  the  chairman  of 
our  committee,  a  man  who  is  not  so  well  known  throughout  our 
Church  as  he  is  known  in  the  State  of  Colorado,  where  he  served  two 
terms  as  the  school  commissioner  of  the  State,  and  largely  made  that 
splendid  educational  system  belonging  to  Colorado,  a  man  who,  when 
it  was  determined  to  bring  back  the  regiment  that  went  over  from 
that  region  to  the  Philippines,  the  citizens  bearing  their  transporta 
tion  from  San  Francisco  back  to  their  home,  was  placed  at  the  head 
of  the  committee  to  raise  $40,000  in  the  city  of  Denver.  His  col 
leagues  passed  over  the  territory  and  procured  $10,000,  and  came  back 
and  reported  it  was  all  they  could  raise.  He  then  planned  to  put  the 
railways  into  competition  with  each  other,  and  secured  $10,000  more 
by  that  means,  and  then  it  was  his  plan  to  call  together  the  wealthy 
men  of  that  city  and  to  read  to  them  an  assessment  for  $20,000  more. 
The  rest  of  the  committee  were  doubtful,  the  governor  himself  was 
doubtful,  but  this  man  said,  "Call  them  together,  and  let  me  speak  to 
them ;  I  know  them,  and  I  will  guarantee  that  they  will  put  their 
hands  into  their  pockets  and  pay  the  $20,000.  It  was  an  audacious 
thing,  of  course.  They  were  called  together,  the  brother  made  his 
speech,  and  every  man  put  his  hand  down  in  his  pocket  and  handed 
out  the  amount.  [Applause.]  This  brother  is  Rev.  Dr.  L.  S.  Cornell, 
of  Denver,  who  will  now  read  the  report  of  the  committee : 

REPORT  OF  THE  COMMITTEE  ON  CHURCH  UNION. 

To  the  General  Conference  of  the  Church  of  the  United  Brethren  in 
Christ,  Greeting. 

In  the  quadrennial  address  to  the  General  Conference  of  1901  by 
the  Board  of  Bishops,  the  necessity  of  a  closer  union  among  the  vari 
ous  Christian  denominations  was  clearly  and  strongly  set  forth,  and 
reasons  assigned  why  the  kingdom  of  God  would  be  greatly  advanced 
by  the  accomplishment  of  such  an  end. 

A  recommendation  was  also  made  that  the  General  Conference  au 
thorize  the  Board  of  Bishops  to  continue  their  efforts  for  union  with 
such  evangelical  bodies  as  may  desire  union  on  terms  honoring  God 
and  honorable  to  all  concerned. 

In  response  to  this  recommendation  the  General  Conference  au 
thorized  the  Board  of  Bishops  to  appoint  a  committee  on  church 
union,  which  was  done  shortly  after  the  close  of  the  quadrennial  ses 
sion.  The  committee  thus  created  consisted  of  four  ministers  and 
four  laymen,  selected  equally  from  each  bishop's  district,  as  follows : 

Ministers — L.  S.  Cornell,  D.  D.,  Denver,  Colorado;  George  Miller, 

269 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

D.  D.,  Carlisle,  Iowa ;  Rev.  J.  T.  Roberts,  Upland,  Indiana ;  R.  J. 
White,  D.  D.,  Buffalo,  New  York. 

Laymen. — J.  Malsbury,  Esq.,  Esporto,  California ;  Alex.  Anderson, 
Esq.,  Polo,  Illinois;  Eugene  Schaeffer,  Esq.,  Cincinnati,  Ohio;  J.  W. 
Ruth,  Esq.,  Scottdale,  Pennsylvania. 

Failing  to  receive  any  communication  from  J.  Malsbury,  Esq.,  the 
Board  of  Bishops  appointed  J.  L.  Kirkpatrick,  Esq.,  of  Lincoln, 
Nebraska,  as  a  member  of  the  committee. 

At  the  time  the  committee  was  appointed,  it  was  evident  that  a 
widespread  but  uncrystallized  sentiment  prevailed  in  favor  of  church 
union.  This  sentiment  had  a  place  among  all  Christian  denomina 
tions,  and  out  of  it  had  grown  the  movement  that  resulted  in  the 
National  Federation  of  Churches.  But  there  still  existed  the  con 
viction  that  a  great  wrong  was  being  encouraged  by  the  multiplication 
of  small,  struggling  churches  in  towns  and  villages  where  fewer 
churches  could  do  the  work.  The  theory  of  church  union  is  an  old 
one,  but  until  recently  it  was  not  regarded  as  workable,  but  simply 
something  to  cherish  as  an  ideal. 

The  thought  had  recognition  in  the  songs  and  prayers  of  Chris 
tians  for  ages,  but  no  one  seemed  just  ready  to  have  his  prayers  an 
swered.  Aggressive  action  did  not  follow  praying,  so  nothing  was 
done.  The  attitude,  expressed  in  words,  was  somewhat  like  this :  If 
other  denominations  wish  to  unite  with  us,  let  them  come ;  we  will 
receive  them  if  they  will  subscribe  to  our  doctrine  and  polity. 

But  the  situation  has  changed,  the  spirit  of  unity  has  taken  hold  of 
the  Christian  world  with  a  mighty  grip,  and  is  holding  hard  for  the 
consolidation  of  religious  forces.  This  change  from  theory  to  practice 
came  as  an  inspiration  that  touched  the  hearts  of  earnest  believers 
everywhere. 

A  deep  conviction  prevailed  that  something  ought  to  be  done,  and 
that  something  would  be  done  to  bring  the  various  Christian  bodies 
into  closer  and  more  harmonious  relations.  When  this  movement 
began  to  bear  fruit  the  belief  came  that  God  was  in  it,  and  many 
Christians  said :  "This  is  the  Lord's  doing.  It  is  marvelous  in  our 
eyes." 

In  Germany  the  Protestant  forces  are  endeavoring  to  come  to 
gether  for  a  larger  life  and  greater  usefulness.  Canada  has  felt  the 
divine  impulse,  and  some  of  its  Christian  bodies  have  joined  forces 
and  stand  as  one  in  the  Master's  work.  The  movement  among  the 
various  Presbyterian  churches  indicates  that  soon  there  will  be  but 
one  denomination  of  that  name.  What  the  end  of  this  movement 
may  be  it  is  difficult  to  determine,  but  may  we  not  hope  that,  moving 
on  with  ever-increasing  power  and  influence,  it  shall  at  last  gather  all 
the  Christian  forces  of  the  world  into  one  ?  Indeed,  it  may  now  be 
said  that  the  spirit  of  union  is  alive  among  all  the  Christian  denom 
inations. 

It  should  be  most  gratifying  to  know  that  our  United  Brethren 

270 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

Church  had  its  hand  on  the  spiritual  pulse  of  the  age  and  felt  the 
thrill  of  the  mighty  heart-throb  for  union.  This  feeling  materialized 
in  an  earnest  address  to  our  Board  of  Bishops  in  behalf  of  church 
union,  which  was  signed  by  twenty-two  of  the  leading  ministers  and 
laymen  of  the  Church.  This  published  appeal  seemed  to  utter  a 
heart-cry  for  a  larger  and  better  life.  It  appeared  in  the  Religious 
Telescope  of  August  27,  1903,  and  was  as  follows : 

"UNION   OF   CHURCHES  DESIRED. 

"Believing  that  the  union  of  a  number  of  the  smaller  evangelical 
bodies  of  this  country  would  be  more  in  harmony  with  the  Christian 
spirit  of  the  age,  and  more  fully  conserve  the  best  interests  of  the 
cause  of  Christ,  we  as  ministers  and  laymen  of  the  Church  of  the 
United  Brethren  in  Christ,  hereby  ask  our  bishops  to  take  such  steps 
as  are  necessary  to  open  negotiations  with  churches  similar  to  ours 
in  polity  and  doctrine,  looking  toward  their  permanent  union. 

"Such  a  union,  we  believe,  would  secure  the  divine  blessing  and 
demonstrate  before  the  world  the  spirit  of  our  Lord,  who  in  praying 
for  his  disciples  and  followers  for  all  time  said,  'That  they  may  all 
be  one;  as  thou,  Father,  art  in  me,  and  I  in  thee,  that  they  also  may 
be  one  in  us :  that  the  world  may  believe  that  thou  hast  sent  me.' " 

This  appeal  was  signed  by  the  following:  W.  M.  Weekley,  D.  D., 
Wm.  M.  Bell,  D.  D.,  W.  R.  Funk,  D.  D.,  Rev.  F.  P.  Rosselot,  Prof. 
E.  S.  Lorenz,  D.  R.  Miller,  D.  D.,  Rev.  P.  M.  Camp,  Rev.  A.  W.  Bal- 
linger,  Rev.  H.  F.  Shupe,  I.  L.  Kephart.  D.  D.,  J.  M.  Phillippi,  Ph.  D., 
Rev.  C.  J.  Burkert,  H.  H.  Fout,  D.  D.,-G.  A.  Funkhouser,  D.  D., 
S.  D.  Faust,  D.  D.,  H.  A.  Thompson,  D.  D.,  Colonel  Robert  Cowden, 
John  Dodds,  Esq.,  C.  M.  Brooke,  D.  D.,  Rev.  J.  W.  Hicks,  Wm.  Mc- 
Kee,  D.  D.,  J.  P.  Landis,  D.  D. 

This  call  found  a  welcome  among  our  people,  and  from  all  parts  of 
the  Church,  East,  West,  North,  and  South,  came  hearty  responses  of 
approval. 

Up  to  this  time  your  committee  had  done  nothing,  but  this  move 
ment  within  our  Church  indicated  that  our  people  were  ready  for  ac 
tion. 

It  soon  became  evident  that,  of  all  the  churches  named  in  the  ap 
peal  for  union,  only  the  Methodist  Protestants  were  sufficiently  inter 
ested  to  take  the  matter  up  seriously  and  earnestly,  but  two  other 
churches,  not  named  in  the  call,  came  forward  and  expressed  a  desire 
to  be  considered  in  the  movement  for  union,  the  Congregational  and 
the  Christian  Connection.  Dr.  William  Hayes  Ward,  chairman  of 
the  Congregational  Committee  on  church  union  wrote :  "The  Congre 
gational  Church  stands  for  church  union,  and  we  do  not  wish  to  be 
left  out  in  your  negotiations  at  this  time.  We  desire  to  meet  with 
you  at  the  time  ami  place  that  may  be  agreed  upon." 

The  representatives  of  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church  took  the 
matter  up  at  once,  and  were  very  active  and  enthusiastic  in  advanc 
ing  the  movement  for  union. 

271 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

It  soon  became  apparent  that  the  members  of  your  committee  were 
too  widely  separated  to  give  to  the  matters  in  hand  the  prompt  and 
constant  attention  required,  so  after  an  interchange  of  opinion  among 
the  various  members  of  the  committee,  it  was  decided  to  increase  the 
number  by  adding  thereto  such  persons  as  were  situated  so  they  could 
get  together  for  consultation  and  action  without  delay,  or  great  ex 
pense,  and  at  the  same  time  be  within  easy  reach  of  the  representatives 
of  the  other  denominations  interested.  Accordingly  the  following 
persons  were  added  to  the  committee:  Bishop  E.  B.  Kephart,  Bishop 
J.  S.  Mills.  Bishop  G.  M.  Mathews,  W.  M.  Weekley,  D.  D.,  D.  E. 
Miller,  D.  D.,  Judge  C.  A.  Bowersox,  W.  M.  Bell,  D.  D.,  W.  R. 
Funk,  IX  D. 

After  considerable  correspondence  and  consultation  a  meeting  of 
the  committees  on  church  union  was  arranged,  to  be  held  in  the 
Y.  M.  C.  A.  rooms,  Pittsburg,  Pennsylvania,  April  22,  1903.  The 
meeting,  which  continued  two  days,  was  attended  by  the  committee- 
men  of  four  denominations,  as  follows:  Methodist  Protestant,  14; 
Congregational,  10;  Christian  Connection,  3;  United  Brethren,  12. 
Total,  39. 

Two  full  days  were  spent  in  consultation  and  interchange  of  opin 
ion.  During  this  time  the  brethren  of  the  Christian  Connection,  not 
consenting  to  a  formally  expressed  confession  of  faith,  kindly  asked 
to  be  excused  from  further  participation  in  the  meeting. 

The  deliberations  were  frank  and  sincere  throughout,  and  marked 
with  a  spirit  of  brotherly  love.  All  seemed  anxious  to  remove,  if 
possible,  the  differences  that  kept  us  apart.  There  were  no  obstruc 
tionists  present. 

A  sub-committee  of  three  from  each  denomination  was  appointed 
to  devise  some  plan  of  proceeding  with  the  work  in  hand.  The  sub 
committee  was  as  follows:  Congregational,  Washington  Gladden, 
D.  D.,  A.  F.  Pierce,  D.  D.,  and  Wm.  Hayes  Ward,  D.  D. ;  Methodist 
Protestant,  D.  S.  Stephens,  D.  D.,  T.  H.  Lewis,  D.  D.,  and  Capt.  W.  P. 
Herbert;  United  Brethren,  Bishop  J.  S.  Mills,  L.  S.  Cornell,  D.  D., 
and  W.  Pi.  Funk,  D.  D.  After  a  few  hours  spent  in  an  endeavor  to 
reach  an  agreement  that  should  be  satisfactory  to  all  concerned,  this 
committee  made  the  following  report  to  the  general  committees,  which 
was  adopted : 

"The  Congregational,  Methodist  Protestant,  and  United  Brethren 
churches  represented  in  this  meeting  agree  and  recommend  that  a 
sub-committee  shall  be  appointed  by  the  general  committee  to  work 
out  the  preliminary  details  of  a  union,  looking  to  the  ultimate  and 
complete  organic  union  of  these  denominations  in  accordance  with 
the  following  ideas: 

"1.  The  formulated  statements  of  doctrine  as  held  by  each  of  the 
denominations  at  present,  although  phrased  differently,  yet  being  es 
sentially  the  same,  are  to  be  affirmed. 

"2.     The  union  for  the  present  is  to  be  expressed  in  the  organiza- 

272 


I1IIJ 

1 1 1  j  II II 


UNITED   BRETHREN   PUBLISHING  HOUSE 
DAYTON,  OHIO 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

tion  of  a  General  Council,  to  be  composed  of  the  representatives 
elected  from  the  respective  denominations  composing  the  union,  on 
some  ratio  of  membership,  the  council  to  have  its  powers  and  duties 
defined,  but  all  legislative  and  judicial  matters  shall  be  referred  to  the 
general  bodies  of  the  several  denominations. 

"3.  These  denominations  shall  retain  their  present  names  and 
their  autonomy  in  respect  to  all  local  affairs,  but  they  shall  add  to 
their  official  title,  'In  affiliation  with  the  General  Council  of  the 
United  Churches.' " 

In  harmony  with  the  above  provision,  each  denomination  named 
five  persons  as  members  of  the  sub-committee,  as  follows :  Congrega 
tional,  Washington  Gladden,  D.  D.,  Wm.  Hayes  Ward,  D.  D.,  A.  E. 
Dunning,  D.  D.,  S.  H.  Newman,  D.  D.,  A.  H.  Bradford,  D.  D.; 
United  Brethren,  Bishop  J.  S.  Mills,  D.  D.,  W.  M.  Bell,  D.  D.,  W.  R. 
Funk,  D.  D.,  W.  M.  Weekley,  D.  D.,  and  J.  W.  Ruth,  Esq.;  Methodist 
Protestant.  T.  H.  Lewis,  D.  D.,  D.  S.  Stephens,  D.  D.,  F.  T.  Tagg, 
D.  D.,  M.  L.  Jennings,  D.  D.,  and  George  Shaffer,  D.  D. 

This  body  of  fifteen  men  met  in  Washington  City  May  27,  28, 
1903,  and  agreed  upon  a  report,  which  was  adopted  by  the  general 
committees  at  a  meeting  in  Pittsburg,  Pa.,  July  1,  1903. 

The  report,  or  syllabus,  adopted  by  the  general  committees  in  joint 
session  is  as  follows: 

"1.  We  are  agreed  that  the  formulated  statements  of  doctrine, 
as  held  by  each  of  these  bodies  at  present,  are  essentially  the  same, 
and  we  affirm  them  all  as  expressing  the  truth  as  it  is  in  Jesus. 

"2.  We  are  agreed  that  these  bodies  shall  retain  their  present 
name  and  their  autonomy  in  respect  to  local  affairs,  but  that  they  add 
to  their  official  title  the  words,  'In  affiliation  with  the  General  Council 
of  the  United  Churches.' 

"3.  We  recommend  that  these  bodies  authorize  the  creation  of  a 
General  Council  composed  of  representatives  elected  from  their  re 
spective  bodies,  on  the  basis  of  one  representative  for  every  five,  thou 
sand  members. 

"4.  The  powers  of  the  General  Council  shall  be  advisory,  and  any 
recommendation  it  may  make  shall  be  referred  to  the  constituent 
bodies  for  approval. 

"5.  A  committee  of  three  from  each  of  the  general  bodies  repre 
sented  shall  be  appointed  to  arrange  for  the  time  and  place  of  the 
first  meeting  of  the  General  Council. 

"6.  At  the  first  session  of  the  General  Council  a  temporary  or 
ganization  shall  be  effected,  (by  the  election  of  a  chairman  and  sec 
retary,)  and  the  Council  itself  shall  determine  the  officers  it  may 
need  and  the  manner  of  permanent  organization  it  may  prefer. 

"7.     The  purposes  of  the  General  Council  shall  be : 

"(1)  To  present,  so  far  as  we  possibly  can,  a  realization  of  that 
unity  which  seems  so  greatly  desired  by  Christian  churches. 


273 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

"(2)  To  promote  a  better  knowledge  and  a  closer  fellowship  among 
the  Christian  bodies  thus  uniting. 

"(3)  To  secure  the  coordination  and  unification  of  the  three  bodies 
in  evangelistic,  educational,  and  missionary  work. 

"(4)  To  adopt  a  plan  by  which  the  three  bodies  may  be  brought 
into  coordinate  activity  and  organic  unity,  a  unity  representing  some 
form  of  connectionalism. 

"(5)  To  prevent  the  unnecessary  multiplication  of  churches,  to 
unite  weak  churches  of  the  same  neighborhood  wherever  it  is  practica 
ble,  and  invite  and  encourage  the  affiliation,  with  this  council,  of 
other  Christian  bodies  cherishing  a  kindred  faith  and  purpose." 

Your  committee  also  united  with  the  other  committees  in  a  letter, 
addressed  to  the  three  churches  at  large,  which  was  published  with 
the  syllabus  in  the  Religious  Telescope. 

The  recommendations  of  the  general  committee  have  been  well  re 
ceived  and  unanimously  adopted  by  the  general  bodies  of  the  Metho 
dist  Protestant  and  Congregational  churches,  and  it  would  seem  to 
your  committee  that  our  General  Conference  cannot  do  less,  since 
the  movement  which  has  led  to  this  began  in  our  denomination. 

In  the  meetings  of  the  general  bodies  of  the  Methodist  Protestant 
and  Congregational  churches,  your  committee  was  ably  represented 
by  Dr.  W.  M.  Weekley.  At  both  meetings  he  was  accorded  a  royal 
welcome,  and  his  addresses  were  listened  to  with  marked  appreciation. 

So  far  as  your  committee  is  informed,  all  of  our  annual  conferences 
that  have  taken  action  upon  the  subject  have  approved  the  report  of 
the  general  committees. 

Your  committee  presents  its  report  to  the  General  Conference  for 
consideration,  and  trusts  that  it  may  receive  the  same  unanimous 
and  cordial  endorsement  that  has  been  given  a  like  report  by  the  gen 
eral  bodies  of  the  Congregational  and  Methodist  Protestant  denom 
inations. 

We  therefore  present  the  following  resolutions  for  your  careful  and 
prayerful  thought  and  action : 

"Resolved,  1.  That  the  General  Conference  fully  approve  the  pur 
poses  and  plan  for  the  federation  and  closer  union  of  the  Congrega 
tional,  Methodist  Protestant,  and  United1  Brethren  denominations, 
and  that  we  accept  the  plan  for  federation  as  prescribed  by  the  com 
mittees  of  the  three  denominations  in  joint  session,  and  already 
adopted  by  the  general  bodies  of  the  other  two,  with  the  earnest  prayer 
that  it  may  ultimately  lead  to  a  complete  organic  union  of  the  three 
denominations. 

"2.  That  the  General  Conference  appoint  a  committee  of  three  to 
confer  with  like  committees  from  the  other  bodies  to  fix  the  time  and 
place  of  the  first  meeting  of  the  General  Council. 

"3.  That  the  delegates  to  the  General  Council  of  the  United 
Churches  shall  be  selected  by  the  General  Conference  in  such  manner 
as  it  may  deem  best." 

274 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IN    CHRIST 

In  closing  the  report  it  affords  your  committee  much  pleasure  to 
speak  of  the  noble  Christian  spirit  manifested  by  the  members  of 
the  committees  of  the  other  two  denominations.  There  was  always 
present  a  courteous  consideration  and  respect  for  the  opinions  of 
others  on  the  part  of  each  member  of  the  committees.  The  desire  for 
denominational  advantage  was  not  evident;  it  was  lost  in  the  greater 
desire  to  advance  the  kingdom  of  our  Lord.  We  stood  together  as 
brethren  in  Jesus  Christ,  and  the  conviction  prevailed  that  if  we  were 
not  one  we  ought  to  be.  We  stood  for  the  time  on  the  mount  of 
unity,  above  the  petty  lines  of  sectarianism  which  so  divide  and  dis 
turb  God's  people,  and  the  outlook  was  grand  and  inspiring.  While 
in  this  spirit  we  sang  that  grand  old  hymn : 

"Blest  be  the  tie  that  binds 

Our  hearts  in  Christian  love ; 
The  fellowship  of  kindred  minds 
Is  like  to  that  above." 

Should  the  union  of  these  forces  occur,  the  future  is  large  with 
promise  for  the  things  that  work  for  righteousness  and  salvation. 
Signed  in  behalf  of  the  committee  by 

L.  S.  CORNELL,  Chairman. 

W.  M.  WEEKLEY,  Secretary. 

Great  applause  followed  the  reading  of  this  syllabus. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  now  listen  to  an  address  by  a  man 
who  is  known  all  over  these  United  States  and  abroad  as  a  preacher, 
lecturer,  and  author,  a  man  who,  above  all  other  men  in  this  nation, 
is  leading  the  churches  in  civic  righteousness  and  to  a  profounder 
and  wider  application,  of  social  Christianity  [applause],  a  man  who 
has  given  his  life,  a  long,  useful,  noble  life,  to  the  building  up  of  the 
kingdom  of  God  on  earth,  a  man  whose  praises  are  in  all  churches. 
I  mean  Dr.  Washington  Gladden,  of  Columbus,  Ohio  [applause],  who 
holds  the  highest  office  in  his  church.  He  will  now  speak  to  you. 

DR.    WASHINGTON   GLADDEN's   ADDRESS. 

MR.  CHAIRMAN  AND  BRETHREN  :  I  come  to  you,  not  upon  any  errand 
of  my  own,  but  in  obedience  to  a  command  laid  upon  me  by  the  gen 
eral  committee  of  three  denominations,  which  met  twice  in  Pittsburg 
and  once  in  Washington  during  the  early  summer  of  1903,  and  which 
formulated  a  proposal  looking  toward  the  union  of  these  denomina 
tions.  When  that  committee  finally  adjourned,  it  instructed  its  chair 
man  and  secretary  to  visit  the  next  annual  meetings  of  the  three  de 
nominations  and  present  to  them  the  result  of  their  deliberations. 
Obeying  these  instructions,  Dr.  Weekley  and  I  attended,  a  year  ago, 

275 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

the  General  Conference  of  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church  in  Wash 
ington,  where  we  were  most  cordially  received,  and  where,  in  the 
morning  hour,  in  a  church  filled  to  overflowing  with  members  of  the 
conference  and  other  members  of  the  church,  earnest  attention  was 
given  to  our  presentation  of  the  case. 

Last  October  the  meeting  of  the  National  Council  of  the  Congrega 
tional  Church  was  held  in  Des  Moines,  Iowa,  and  on  that  occasion  the 
subject  was  most  ably  presented  by  Dr.  Weekley,  on  your  behalf,  and 
by  President  Stephens  on  behalf  of  the  Methodist  Protestants.  Both 
of  these  bodies,  as  you  have  been  told,  acted  promptly  and  with  sub 
stantial  unanimity  upon  the  proposal  submitted  to  them  by  the  joint 
committee,  working  to  the  creation  of  a  joint  council,  according  to  the 
syllabus  which  has  already  been  presented  to  you.  The  manner  in 
which  this  council  is  to  be  called  and  the  duties  assigned  to  it  have 
been  set  forth  in  the  documents  to  which  you  have  listened,  and  they 
are  also  embodied  in  the  report  of  your  bishops.  The  question  thus 
submitted  to  your  sister  churches,. and  by  them  decided,  is  now  before 
you.  It  would  not,  of  course,  be  proper  for  me  to  anticipate  or  fore 
shadow  the  decision  of  this  body,  but  it  seems  hardly  necessary  to  en 
ter  into  any  labored  argument  to  persuade  this  General  Conference 
to  follow  the  example  of  the  two  which  have  already  taken  action. 
The  whole  matter  has  been  so  fully  discussed  that  the  reasons  for  and 
against  such  action  are  probably  familiar  to  your  minds.  All  that 
this  Conference  is  asked  to  do  is  to  approve  the  proposition  to  call  a 
general  council  of  the  three  churches  in  which  each  is  to  be  propor 
tionately  represented,  and  to  provide  for  the  selection  of  delegates  to 
this  council  and  for  the  appointment  of  a  committee  which  is  to  act 
with  the  committees  of  the  other  two  denominations  in  making  ar 
rangements  for  the  meeting  of  this  council. 

As  the  other  bodies  have  both  acted  favorably  on  this  proposition, 
the  affirmative  action  of  this  Conference  is  all  that  is  needed  to  deter 
mine  that  the  General  Council  shall  be  called  and  entrusted  with  the 
task  of  formulating  a  plan  by  which  the  three  churches  may  be 
brought  together  into  some  sort  of  unity.  Of  course,  if  you  do  not 
think  it  desirable  or  practicable  that  any  further  efforts  be  made  to 
unite  the  three  churches,  you  will  disapprore  of  the  calling  of  the. 
General  Council  and  the  matter  will  be  concluded.  If,  on  the  other 
hand,  you  think  that  such  a  union  is  so  far  desirable  that  it  is  worth 
while  to  have  the  whole  question  thoroughly  discussed,  and  to  have 
an  effort  made  to  agree  upon  a  program  for  uniting  the  three  bodies, 
you  will  vote,  as  the  other  national  bodies  have  voted,  to  take  the  neces 
sary  steps  for  the  calling  of  the  council. 

I  know  that  I  represent  the  unanimous  feeling  of  the  general  com 
mittee,  whose  chairman  I  am,  when  I  say  that  it  is  their  earnest  wish 
that  you  should  take  this  affirmative  action,  but  I  am  equally  sure  that 
the  two  national  bodies,  which  have  taken  action,  are  strongly  hoping 
that  you  will  unite  with  them  in  this  effort  after  unity.  The  unanim- 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

ity  ami  enthusiasm  with  which  both  of  them  agreed  to  it  were  very 
gratifying.  For  my  own  part,  I  had  not  looked  for  any  such  response. 
I  had  not  been  without  hope  that  our  proposition  would  be  favorably 
considered  by  many,  perhaps  by  a  majority  of  each  of  these  bodies, 
but  I  expected  in  both  of  them  some  warm  discussion  and  some  posi 
tive  dissent.  The  spirit  which  appeared  in  both  of  them  was  far  more 
hearty  and  unquestioning  than  I  had  anticipated;  and1  so  we  come  to 
the  General  Conference  of  the  United  Brethren,  with  no  thought  that 
we  have  any  right  to  presume  or  to  insist,  but  with  a  much  more  hope 
ful  feeling  than  we  entertained  in  either  of  the  other  cases.  I  trust, 
brethren,  that  you  may  see  your  way  clear  to  the  acceptance  of  our 
proposition,  and  thus  to  the  submission  of  the  whole  problem  before 
us  to  a  representative  council. 

Of  course  you  understand  that  this  vote  commits  you  to  nothing 
more  than  an  earnest  attempt  to  find  and  frame  a  plan  of  union.  If 
that  General  Council  shall  be  called,  and  shall  agree  upon  a  plan, 
that  plan  will  have  to  be  submitted  to  each  of  the  national  bodies  for 
its  endorsement,  and  through  them,  I  dare  say,  to  the  churches.  It  will 
not  be  and  cannot  be  adopted  unless  it  secures  the  practically  unani 
mous  approval  of  the  membership  of  the  three  denominations. 

We  need  not  conceal  from  ourselves  the  fact  that  it  is  not  going  to 
be  an  easy  task  to  work  out  the  practical  details  of  such  a  plan  of 
union.  That  General  Council,  when  it  meets,  will  have  a  delicate  and 
serious  problem  on  its  hands.  Neither  of  the  bodies  which  has  taken 
action  was  unaware  of  this  fact. 

I  have  no  wish  to  forestall  the  discussions  of  the  General  Council, 
if  it  shall  be  called,  but  it  may  be  well  to  consider  some  of  the  ques 
tions  which  may  come  before  it,  and  some  of  the  possibilities  in  the 
way  of  cooperation  and  unity  which  it  may  transform  into  realities. 

COMITY    AND    FELLOWSHIP. 

In  the  first  place,  it  is  possible  that  the  General  Council,  if  it  shall 
go  no  further,  may  provide  for  certain  measures  of  comity  and  fellow 
ship,  by  means  of  which  the  three  denominations  shall  be  drawn  into 
much  closer  fraternal  relations,  and  enabled  to  work  together  more 
harmoniously  and  helpfully  than  ever  before.  We  have  done  some 
thing  along  this  line  already,  with  great  profit  to  all  of  us.  We  have 
had  joint  conferences  and  missionary  fellowship  meetings  which 
brought  us  together  in  very  delightful  ways,  and  by  deepening  our 
acquaintance  strengthened  our  friendship.  We  have  made  some 
amicable  exchanges  and  consolidations  of  churches;  we  have  practi 
cally  abolished,  in  some  quarters,  the  old  relations  of  competition,  and 
have  put  ourselves  under  the  Christian  law.  What  has  been  actually 
accomplished  already  in  the  promotion  of  more  friendly  relations  be 
tween  these  churches  is  worth  far  more  than  it  has  cost  in  time  and 
effort. 

277 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 
A  TREATY  OF  FRATERNITY. 

But  we  can  go  much  further  along  this  line.  We  can  frame  a 
definite  treaty  of  fraternity,  inviting  and  promoting  joint  meetings 
in  the  interests  of  the  kingdom  at  home  and  abroad;  we  can  agree 
upon  some  statement  of  a  common  purpose  to  consolidate  churches 
that  are  crowding  each  other  in  the  same  field,  and  pledging  each  de 
nomination  to  enter  no  field  occupied  by  either  of  the  others  without 
consultation ;  we  can  thus  promote  and  secure  the  things  which  make 
for  Christian  charity  and  comity  in  the  relations  of  our  several 
churches.  We  shall,  I  hope,  go  much  further  than  this;  hut  if  our 
General  Council  succeeded  in  doing  only  these,  it  would  be  well  worth 
while. 

A  longer  step  in  the  path  before  us  would  be  the  federation  or  con 
solidation  of  some  of  our  missionary  and  educational  enterprises. 
There  will  be  difficulties  here,  no  doubt,  difficulties  arising  from  legal 
restrictions  and  from  trust  funds.  I  do  not  know  how  serious  these 
difficulties  may  be,  but  I  hope  they  may  be  overcome.  And  it  seems 
to  me  that  there  would  be  great  gain  to  all  these  churches,  and  to  the 
kingdom  of  God,  in  such  a  consolidation. 

I  think  it  quite  possible,  too,  that  we  might  consolidate  our  agencies 
for  work  among  the  despised  and  neglected  races  on  this  continent, 
and  that  some  important  steps  could  be  taken  in  the  direction  of  com 
bining  some  of  our  educational  institutions,  with  great  profit  to  all 
concerned. 

Such  are  some  of  the  results  to  which  our  General  Council  of  the 
United  Churches  may  lead  us,  if  we  call  it  into  being  and  give  it  our 
mandate.  We  trust  that  it  will  not  stop  here;  we  hope  and  expect 
that  it  will  go  much  farther ;  but  if  it  accomplished  no  more  than  this, 
which  it  might  accomplish  without  disturbing  in  any  way  our  forms 
of  organization,  or  the  administration  of  our  local  churches,  it  would, 
I  think,  bring  us  great  and  splendid  gains.  And  I  confess  that,  for 
one,  I  should  be  content  to  have  this  union  proceed,  tentatively,  alona1 
this  line,  taking  up  first  some  of  these  larger  cooperations,  and  through 
them  becoming  acquainted,  growing  together  in  our  missionary  and 
evangelistic  labors,  and  not  hastening  the  solution  of  the  problem  of 
organic  unity.  I  am  persuaded  that,  after  we  have  been  working  to 
gether  for  a  while,  we  shall  find  it  easy  to  agree  upon  plans  by  which 
we  may  bring  our  churches  under  one  form  of  organization.  To  work 
out  at  the  start  all  the  details  of  such  a  polity  will  be  almost  impossi 
ble;  it  is  a  large  undertaking;  it  will  require  time  and  deliberation 
and  discussion.  Therefore  I  am  not  in  favor  of  precipitate  action  by 
the  General  Council,  if  it  shall  be  called. 

THE  END  ORGANIC  UNION. 

But  the  end  in  view  is  the  adoption  of  "a  plan  by  which  the  three 
bodies  may  be  brought  into  coordinate  activity  and  organic  unity." 

278 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

Of  course  such  a  merging  of  three  great  denominations  into  one 
means  some  sacrifices  on  the  part  of  each.  It  does  not,  I  think,  mean 
the  giving-  up  of  anything  that  any  intelligent  man  can  regard  as  es 
sential.  It  will  not  require  us  to  surrender  any  vital  truth  which  we 
now  hold,  or  to  forego  any  privilege  of  worship  which  now  we  enjoy. 
It  will  require  us  to  make  some  changes  in  our  methods  of  doing  our 
Christian  work;  that  is  all. 

The  main  question,  of  course,  will  concern  the  forms  of  church  gov 
ernment.  You  are  accustomed  to  considerable  supervision;  we  have 
no  official  supervision  whatever.  If  we  are  to  come  together,  your 
official  control  of  the  affairs  of  the  local  churches  will  have  to  be  con 
siderably  relaxed,  and  we  shall  be  obliged  to  submit  to  a  measure  of 
supervision  to  which  we  are  not  now  accustomed.  Our  churches  will 
be  less  independent  than  they  now  are,  and  yours  will  have  a  larger 
measure  of  liberty  than  they  now  enjoy. 

STRENGTH    AND    WEAKNESS. 

Doubtless  most  of  you  think  your  official  control  a  very  good  thing, 
just  as  we  think  our  freedom  from  official  control  a  very  good  thing; 
but  I.  believe  that  it  is  often  the  case  that  those  parts  of  its  ecclesiasti 
cal  machinery  on  which  each  church  prides  itself  most  are  apt  to  be 
so  exaggerated  that  they  become  its  weaknesses,  if  not  its  perils.  I 
think  that,  if  you  look  at  other  denominations  than  your  own,  you 
will  be  convinced  that  this  is  true — the  things  in  which  they  glory  are 
apt  to  become  the  things  of  which  they  ought  to  be  ashamed;  and 
therefore  it  may  be  a  serious  question  with  us  Congregatioiialists 
whether  our  independency  is  not  in  danger  of  becoming  our  weakness, 
and  with  you  whether  your  official  control  is  not  in  danger  of  becom 
ing  burdensome  and  oppressive.  I  know  that,  with  many  of  us,  an 
independence  which  amounts  to  isolation  is  becoming  increasingly  un 
desirable,  and  we  are  looking  for  a  closer  bond ;  and  I  know  also,  if  a 
good  many  of  your  men  tell  me  the  truth,  that  there  are  not  a  few 
among  you  who  are  ready  to  have  a  good  deal  less  supervision,  and  a 
good  deal  more  liberty  for  the  local  church. 

I  expect  to  do  wrhat  I  can  to  persuade  my  own  people  that  it  will  be 
a  good  thing  for  them  to  consent  to  some  measure  of  supervision.  I 
think  that  that  will  have  to  be  rather  a  limited  supervision.  The  es 
sential  autonomy  of  the  local  church  will  have  to  be  conceded ;  but  I 
believe  that  the  Congregatioiialists  can  be  made  to  see  that  some  more 
efficient  means  of  caring  for  the  weak  churches  and  the  unemployed 
ministers  are  needed,  and  that  they  can  well  afford  to  agree  to  some 
method  of  organization  by  which  all  may  cooperate  for  the  good  of 
all.  I  will  not  waste  on  you  the  arguments  which  I  hope  to  use  on 
them,  because  you  do  not  need  them ;  but  I  beg  to  submit  to  you  a  few 
considerations  which  may  enable  you  to  see  that  the  relaxation  of 
your  own  more  rigid  methods  and  the  enlargement  of  the  liberties  of 
your  local  churches  may  prove  to  be  a  good  thing  for  you. 

279 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 
DEMOCRACY  OF  THE  CHURCHES  BOUND  TO  COME. 

The  fact  is,  my  friends,  that  this  is  the  road  you  are  going  to  travel, 
whether  you  go  in  company  with  us  or  not.  It  is  the  road  that  all 
the  churches  are  traveling.  The  complete  democratization  of  the 
American  churches  is  the  goal  before  us.  In  all  the  denominations 
the  power  of  the  local  church — that  is,  the  power  of  the  people — is 
steadily  strengthening.  You  can  see  how  it  is  working  in  the  Prot 
estant  church  whose  government  is  strongest,  the  great  Methodist 
Episcopal  Church.  The  steady  trend  in  that  church  has  been  toward 
the  enlargement  of  the  power  of  the  people,  and  the  restriction  of 
episcopal  and  official  prerogatives ;  first,  the  admission  of  the  laity  to 
the  conferences;  then  the  gradual  extension. of  the  time  limit  of  the 
pastorate,  until  now  it  is  removed,  and  the  steadily  increasing  deter 
mination  of  the  people  to  select  their  own  ministers ;  until  now,  in  all 
the  stronger  churches,  this  right  is  practically  conceded.  All  the 
churches  are  bound  to  be  influenced  by  them.  Yours  will  be,  increas 
ingly  so.  Perhaps  you  may  be  aware  of  existing  tendencies  in  this 
direction.  You  are  coming  our  way  with  all  the  rest.  This  is  a  demo 
cratic  country,  and  it  is  going  to  be  more  and  more  democratic.  The 
cure  for  the  ills  of  democracy  is  more  democracy.  In  the  political 
realm  we  shall  submit  more  and  more  questions  to  the  direct  decision 
of  the  people.  We  shall  choose  United  States  senators  before  long  by 
popular  vote.  We  shall  submit  all  important  municipal  questions  to  a 
referendum.  We  shall  find  that  the  only  way  to  make  a  democratic 
government  strong  is  to  put  heavier  and  heavier  burdens  directly  upon 
the  people.  And  the  church  will  follow  the  nation.  She  cannot  do 
otherwise.  Christianity  is  the  heart  of  our  democracy;  and  the  polity 
in  which  Christianity  embodies  itself  in  the  State  can  hardly  be  re 
pudiated  in  the  church.  When  Christ  comes  to  his  own  the  people 
will  be  ruling  everywhere,  in  church  and  in  state.  Therefore  hierar 
chical  and  aristocratic  ecclesiastism  are  not  destined  to  endure.  It  is 
not  true,  however,  that  democracy  means  either  lawlessness  or  isola 
tion.  Democracy  means  a  large  measure  of  home  rule,  but  it  means 
also  that  the  common  interests  of  neighboring  communities  and  of 
the  state  shall  be  wisely  ordered  and  firmly  safeguarded.  It  means 
this  in  the  church  no  less  than  in  the  state.  This  is  the  lesson  that  we 
have  to  learn  from  you. 

A  DEMOCRATIC  CHURCH  MUST  BE  AN  INSPIRED  CHURCH. 

There  is  one  thing  more,  however,  which  I  must  not  omit  to  em 
phasize,  because  it  lies  at  the  foundation  of  that  larger  liberty  which 
I  am  now  defending.  Our  fathers  risked  the  autonomy  of  the  local 
church  and  government  of  the  people,  by  the  people,  and  for  the  peo 
ple,  only  because  they  believed  in  the  inspiration  of  the  people,  of  all 
the  people.  The  church  was  to  be  governed,  in  their  theory,  by  the 
Holy  Spirit.  So,  for  that  matter,  was  the  state.  They  believed  in  no 

280 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

rulers  but  inspired  rulers;  but  they  believed  that  the  day  had  come 
when  God  had  poured  out  of  his  Spirit  upon  all  flesh,  upon  old  men 
and  young  men,  on  servants  and  handmaidens,  when  all  the  members 
of  a  church  should  seek  and  expect  divine  guidance.  Under  such 
guidance  they  could  not  disagree,  nor  could  they  go  astray.  This  is 
the  foundation  of  our  Congregationalism.  It  underlies  all  our 
theories.  It  is  the  principle  on  which  our  entire  polity  rests.  A  self- 
governing  church  must  be  an  inspired  church.  We  often  forget  this, 
alas!  We  do  not  live  up  to  our  ideal,  but  this  is  what  we  mean.  If  we 
have  had  any  success  in  working  our  polity  it  has  come  from  the 
recognition  of  this  principle.  Whenever  we  have  failed,  our  failure 
has  been  due  to  our  feeble  hold  upon  our  fundamental  principle.  No 
church  can  fail  which  honestly  and  unitedly  trusts  in  the  guidance 
of  the  Holy  Spirit  in  all  its  business  affairs. 

If  we  come  together,  brethren,  it  must  be  upon  this  basis.  Whatever 
machinery  we  may  devise  for  the  management  of  the  united  churches, 
the  one  thing  we  shall  need  is  an  inspired  membership  in  all  our 
churches;  and  I  trust,  my  brethren,  that  we  shall  feel  that  the  days 
before  us  are  going  to  be  days  when  the  Spirit  will  be  the  controlling 
power  in  all  our  assemblies  and  organized  activities. 

If  you  agree  with  us  that  the  General  Council  be  called,  I  hope  you 

will  do  so  with  the  strong  expectation  that  the  Spirit  of  all  truth  and 

-wisdom  will  be  the  guide  in  all  the  deliberations  of  that  body,  and 

that  under  his  leadership  we  shall  find  the  ways  that  lead  to  unity  and 

strength  and  peace. 

Great  applause  followed  the  reading. 

The  Arion  Quartet  then  sang  "Glorious  things  of  thee" ;  also  "An 
chored  in  Jesus." 

Hearty  applause  greeted  this  singing. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Dr.  Tagg,  president  of  the  Methodist  Prot 
estant  Church,  was  expected  to  be  present,  but  illness  has  prevented. 
He  has,  however,  sent  a  communication,  which  the  secretary  will  now 
read. 

Secretary  Snyder  read  as  follows : 

LETTER  PROM  DR.  F.  T.  TAGG,  EDITOR  OF  THE  METHODIST  PROTESTANT. 

BALTIMORE,  April  20.  1905. 

To  the  General  Conference  of  the  United  Brethren  Church,  Topeka, 
Kansas. 

BELOVED  BRETHREN  :  "Grace  be  unto  you,  and  peace,  from  God  our 
Father,  and  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ.  We  give  thanks  to  God  always 
for  you  all,  making  mention  of  you  in  our  prayers ;  remembering  with 
out  ceasing  your  work  of  faith,  and  labour  of  love,  and  patience  of 

.  281 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

hope  in  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  in  the  sight  of  God  our  Father;  know 
ing,  brethren  beloved,  your  election  of  God." 

I  have  requested  Kev.  D.  S.  Stephens,  D.  D.,  of  Kansas  City,  to 
represent  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church  in  your  Conference.  He 
will  bring  to  your  notice  the  action  of  our  General  Conference  on  the 
proposed  union  of  the  three  denominations  that,  through  their  respec 
tive  committees,  have  taken  the  preliminary  steps  to  bring  us  into  an 
affiliated  if  not  into  an  organic  relation. 

Our  annual  conferences  have  now  all  spoken,  with  one  small  confer 
ence  as  an  exception,  in  favor  of  the  union  movement,  and  have  elected 
commissioners  to  the  proposed  General  Council  of  the  three  churches. 
We  have  done  all  that  can  be  done  up  to  the  present  time  to  consum 
mate  the  union  of  the  churches.  I  cannot  but  believe  that  the  great 
Head  of  the  church  will  guide  us  into  that  closer  relation  in  which  we 
shall  be  one  strong,  aggressive,  and  successful  church,,  to  preach  the 
gospel  of  Christ  in  its  simplicity  and  power,  evangelizing  the  masses 
in  the  spirit  of  the  Master,  and  sending  forth  our  heralds  into  heathen 
lands  to  recover  the  rightful  possessions  of  our  divine  Lord. 

I  am  sorry  that  I  cannot  share  with  you  the  pleasure  of  your  con 
ference  session.  It  was  a  delightful  anticipation  that  in  the  end  I 
found  I  could  not  hope  to  realize;  but  I  shall  watch  your  proceedings 
with  the  keenest  interest,  and  pray  that  you  may  have  the  presence  of 
the  Divine  Spirit  in  every  session.  I  will  anticipate  your  action  on  the 
proposed  union,  and  indulge  the  fond  hope  that  the  results  may  be 
such  as  to  assure  its  fullest  consummation.  In  spirit  I  will  be  with 
you,  and  when  your  favorable  action  shall  become  known  to  me,  I  will 
rejoice  with  you  in  the  glorious  triumph. 

I  have  met  many  of  your  ministers,  and  quite  a  number  of  those 
who  hold  high  official  positions  in  your  Church,  and  I  have  learned  to 
honor  them  for  their  culture  and  character,  and  for  their  piety  and 
devotion  to  the  cause  of  Christ.  I  am  sure  the  fulfillment  of  our  plans 
will  work  out  a  far  closer  brotherhood,  a  bond  of  real  Christian  fellow 
ship,  a  sodality  that  will  honor  God  and  bless  the  world. 

May  you  have  a  conference  that  will  push  every  interest  of  your 
denomination  further  on  in  the  King's  highway,  and  be  a  blessing  to 
every  enterprise  in  which  you  are  engaged.  May  your  ministers  in 
crease  in  effectiveness,  your  churches  grow  in  grace,  in  numbers,  and 
in  power,  and  may  you  accomplish  to  its  fullness  your  part  in  the 
glorious  kingdom  of  our  Lord  and  Savior,  Jesus  Christ. 

Fraternally  yours, 

F.  T.  TAGG. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  now  be  addressed  by  a  representa 
tive  of  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church,  a  man  who  is  worthy  of  the 
occasion,  well  known  among  all  his  people  as  a  preacher  and  educator. 
He  has  already  the  highest  office  in  the  gift  of  his  people,  and  is  known 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

throughout  the  nation  as  an  educator,  the  chancellor  of  Kansas  City 
University,  Dr.  D.  S.  Stephens.    He  will  now  speak. 
Dr.  Stephens  addressed  the  Conference  as  follows : 

DR.   D.    S.    STEPHENS'S   ADDRESS. 

MR.  PRESIDENT  AND  BRETHREN  :  It  gives  me  the  greatest  pleas 
ure  to  bear  to  you  the  greetings  of  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church. 
This  pleasure  is  heightened  by  the  special  message  which  I  have  to 
communicate  to  you.  I  am  directed  to  report  to  you  that  the  last 
General  Conference  of  our  denomination  unanimously  adopted  a  re 
port  approving  of  the  proposed  union  between  the  three  churches  rep 
resented  here  to-night. 

There  is  so  much  in  common  between  Methodist  Protestants  and 
United  Brethren  that  union  seems  to  be  the  most  natural  thing  in  the 
world.  As  churches  we  both  stand  for  the  primacy  of  Christian  ex 
perience.  We  both  have  laid  the  stress  of  our  emphasis  upon  the  life 
of  the  spirit,  rather  than  on  religious  forms.  We  have  exalted  the 
facts  of  regenerated  life  above  the  speculations  and  theories  of  the  in 
tellect.  We  have  considered  the  life  as  more  than  meat,  and  the  body 
more  than  raiment.  We  are  more  concerned  about  the  vitalities  of 
religion  than  its  draperies. 

The  wonder  with  me  is,  not  that  a  union  movement  has  begun,  but 
that  we  ever  lived  apart.  I  can't  understand  it.  There  is  so  much  in 
common  between  us.  There  has  certainly  been  some  mistake  on  the 
part  of  those  agencies  that  make  history;  but  I  believe  that  we  are 
now  about  to  rectify  that  mistake. 

I  feel  confident  that  this  union  movement  is  born  of  God.  I  believe 
that  it  has  a  significance  that  we  yet  are  unable  to  understand.  I  be 
lieve  we  shall  come  to  see  that  this  movement  marks  the  entrance  of  a 
new  epoch  in  the  unfolding  of  the  great  drama  of  the  redemption  of 
man.  I  believe  it  is  the  beginning  of  a  world- wide  movement  among 
God's  children  that  will  usher  in  a  new  era  in  the  evolution  of  the 
principle  of  eternal  life.  I  believe  it  is  the  first  movement  towards  the 
mobilization  of  God's  army  for  the  capture  of  the  world. 

We  cannot  properly  understand  the  advance  of  Christian  civiliza 
tion  until  we  conceive  of  it  as  a  progressive  series  of  evolutions.  The 
principle  of  eternal  life,  in  its  operations  on  human  institutions  and 
human  society  passes  through  maturing  stages  of  development  much 
as  life  in  other  forms.  It  has  its  periods  of  growth,  "first  the  blade, 
then  the  ear,  then  the  full  corn  in  the  ear."  The  gospel,  after  all,  is 
nothing  more  nor  less  than  the  biology  of  the  divine  life  in  man.  The 
principle  of  eternal  life  perfects  itself  through  evolutionary  stages 
like  the  natural  life. 

Two  great  processes  mark  the  progress  of  natural  life  development. 
Differentiation  is  the  process  by  which  the  individual  is  specialized  in 
function  and  in  form.  Through  differentiation  the  individual  real- 

283 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

izes  itself.  Then,  following  the  process  of  differentiation,  is  the  pro 
cess  of  integration.  Through  integration  the  individual  is  made  part 
of  a  larger  organic  whole.  At  first  sight  these  processes  would  seem 
to  be  antagonistic  and  irreconcilable;  but  deeper  knowledge  of  their 
significance  proves  that  they  are  supplementary  and  reciprocal.  Dif 
ferentiation  perfects  the  individual,  and  thus  prepares  it  to  become 
more  useful  in  the  larger  life  of  which  it  becomes  a  part. 

Xow  in  the  operation  of  the  divine  life  on  the  institutions  and  lives 
of  men  we  see  something  like  similar  processes.  The  gospel  first  es 
tablishes  the  conditions  that  are  necessary  to  perfect  the  individual 
spiritual  life.  It  secures  the  conditions  essential  to  the  liberation  of 
the  energies  of  the  soul.  It  supplies  the  requisites  through  which  the 
soul  shall  be  able  to  work  out  its  own  destiny;  and  the  first  condition 
for  the  perfection  of  the  divine  life  in  man  is  spiritual  freedom.  Then 
when  the  powers  of  the  soul  have  been  called  forth  into  active  life,  it 
is  ready  for  the  deeper  process  of  integration.  The  more  perfectly 
the  soul  has  realized  its  individual  life,  the  better  is  it  prepared  to 
take  its  place  in  the  organism  of  Christ's  body.  The  counter  process 
of  integration  thus  completes  what  differentiation  has  begun.  In  the 
kingdom  of  grace,  as  in  the  kingdom  of  nature,  the  individual  is  made 
perfect  in  the  deeper  unity  of  a  larger  life.  Christ  prayed  that  his 
followers  might  be  "made  perfect  in  one."  He  recognized  that  unity, 
brought  about  by  a  dominating  life-force,  is  the  pathway  to  perfec 
tion.  The  individual  is  to  be  raised  to  a  higher  plane  of  being  through 
the  integrating  power  of  a  superior  life-principle.  He  is  perfected  as 
he  comes  into  closer  vital  relations  with  his  fellows. 

Xow  it  is  through  the  reciprocal  movement  of  these  two  great  pro 
cesses  that  the  gospel  is  to  redeem  the  world;  first,  the  gospel  brings 
liberty  to  men,  then  it  knits  them  into  closer  union  of  spiritual  life. 

The  Reformation,  under  the  leadership  of  Luther,  marked  the  en 
trance  of  the  era  of  spiritual  liberty.  Ever  since  Luther's  time  the 
world  has  been  moving  toward  conditions  of  larger  spiritual  freedom. 
Men  have  realized  more  fully  than  ever  before  that  the  soul  must  be 
free  in  order  to  maintain  its  allegiance  to  God.  It  dare  not  enter  into 
entangling  alliances  with  the  outward  world,  or  with  men,  if  it  would 
maintain  the  sovereignty  of  God  over  its  own  life.  To  be  a  loyal  sub 
ject  of  God  it  must  throw  off  allegiance  to  all  other  masters. 

Protestantism  has  exalted  this  truth  to  a  supreme  place  because  the 
very  life  of  the  soul  depends  upon  it.  It  is  the  very  citadel  of  the 
soul's  security.  Only  through  the  absolute  supremacy  of  the  moral 
life  of  the  spirit  over  every  form  of  external  power  and  authority  is 
the  soul  of  man  able  to  keep  the  life  of  God  enthroned  in  his  heart. 
This  is  the  very  atmosphere  of  the  soul's  life. 

Since  the  Reformation  men  have  been  busy  in  applying  this  princi 
ple  of  spiritual  freedom  to  the  reconstruction  of  the  institutions  of 
both  church  and  state.  They  have  endeavored  to  adjust  both  the  civil 
and  the  ecclesiastical  relations  of  men  more  perfectly  to  this  princi- 

284 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

pie.  Xever  before  in  the  history  of  the  world  did  the  social  relations 
of  men  so  fully  provide  the  conditions  for  the  maintenance  of  God's 
life  in  the  soul.  The  outward  visible  church  has  come  to  recognize 
that  her  first  duty  is  to  provide  for  the  maintenance  of  God's  invisible 
church  in  the  hearts  of  his  children.  Democracy,  both  in  church  and 
in  state,  is  being  recognized  as  the  only  form  of  government  that  is 
consistent  with  the  obligations  that  the  soul  owes  to  God.  The  great 
impulse  of  the  Keformation  toward  spiritual  liberty  has  brought 
glorious  results  to  the  race.  The  conditions  that  make  for  the  perfec 
tion  of  the  individual  life  were  never  so  fully  realized  as  they  are  to 
day.  Individualism  has  had  its  day.  Differentiation  now  needs  to  be 
followed  by  integration.  Protestantism  has  done  only  part  of  its 
work.  It  has  broken  down  the  barriers  of  ecclesiasticism  that  stood 
in  the  way  of  the  soul's  life ;  but  in  doing  this  it  lost  sight  for  a  time 
of  the  solidarity  of  the  life  of  the  spirit.  The  great  French  theo 
logian,  Sabatier,  says :  "Protestant  individualism  too  often  overlooks 
a  no  less  important  fact  of  another  order — the  organic  bond  between 
the  individual  and  the  species,  the  child  and  the  family,  the  man  and 
society.''  "We  have  need  of  one  another  quite  as  much  from  the  point 
of  view  of  the  moral  life  as  of -material  existence."  "Twro  tendencies 
are  opposed  to  the  life  of  the  spirit.  One  is  traditionalism,  into  which 
the  Roman  church  is  gradually  stiffening,"  he  continues,  "the  other  is 
independency,  or  the  false  individualism  by  which  Protestant  churches 
are  crumbling  to  pieces,  their  activity  evaporating,  and  becoming 
socially  sterile."  As  great  as  the  achievements  of  Protestants  have 
been,  they  have  been  but  the  preliminary  conditions  for  a  greater 
work  to  follow.  The  men  who  led  the  Reformation  failed  to  grasp 
the  full  meaning  of  the  movement  which  they  inaugurated.  The  Ger 
man  writer,  Lobstein,  says,  "The  reformers  themselves  were  ignorant 
of  4he  full  extent  of  the  work  they  accomplished."  And  Sabatier  says 
of  Luther,  "He  neither  foresaw  nor  desired  all  the  consequences  of  the 
principle  which  he  introduced  into  the  world.  Trained  in  the  middle 
age  of  scholasticism,  he  was  never  entirely  free  from  it.  To  the  dar 
ing  intuitions  of  the  prophet,  the  man  of  tradition  brought  many  a 
fear  and  many  a  repentance.  For  that  matter,  no  principle  in  the 
practical  moral  order,  whose  consequences  must  be  developed  by  life, 
not  by  logic,  can  be  revealed  in  all  its  significance  at  the  very  first." 

The  work  which  the  reformers  began  must  now  be  carried  on  to 
completion.  The  time  for  integration  is  at  hand.  The  battle  of  spir 
itual  liberty  has  been  fought  and  won.  The  fruits  of  this  victory  must 
be  harvested  in  the  larger  development  of  that  spiritual  life  that  makes 
men  "perfect  in  one."  The  spirits  of  men  have  been  made  free  in  order 
that  they  might  be  united  in  the  bonds  of  love.  The  unity  of  the 
spirit  is  the  goal  toward  which  the  church  of  God  must  move.  This 
unity  can  be  expressed  only  when  the  visible  church  is  a  faithful  re 
flex  of  the  invisible  church  which  unites  God's  children  into  organic 
life.  The  Protestant  church  must  move  forward  to  a  realization  of  the 

285 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

life  of  the  spirit  in  its  fulness.  It  dare  not  stand  still,  nor  dare  it  go 
back  to  the  religion  of  authority  and  tradition,  as  found  in  the  Roman 
Catholic  Church.  Protestantism  is  committed  to  a  living  religion  as 
against  a  religion  of  legalism.  "By  the  logic  of  ideas,  and  the  force 
of  things,"  says  Sabatier,  "the  Protestant  churches  ave  taking  part  in 
the  final  struggle  in  which  no  choice  remains  but  either  to  turn  back 
to  Roman  Catholicism,  whence  they  once  came  out,  or  to  rise  joyfully 
and  vigorously  from  the  religion  of  the  letter  to  the  religion  of  the 
spirit."  The  logical  outcome  of  the  gospel  is  a  form  of  social  life 
where  men  are  united,  not  by  external  authority,  but  in  the  unity  of 
the  Spirit.  Not  through  the  power  of  a  hierarchy,  but  through  the 
constraining  force  of  love  shall  men  be  brought  into  the  true  unity  of 
social  life.  Liberty  and  love  are  the  two  great  forces  that  will  redeem 
society.  Both  church  and  state  must  move  toward  that  form  of  asso 
ciation  that  will  preserve  the  liberty  of  the  individual,  and  yet  connect 
men  together  in  the  unity  of  the  Spirit. 

I  believe  the  specific  problem  which  our  three  churches  are  now 
called  upon  to  solve  is  to  find  a  basis  of  cooperation  in  church  life 
that  will  sacredly  guard  the  liberty  of  the  individual  conscience,  and 
yet  at  the  same  time  will  secure  that  solidarity  of  ecclesiastical  life  in 
which  God's  children  are  made  "perfect  in  one."  The  social  ideal  of 
the  gospel  is  a  connectionalism  that  fosters  individualism.  The  world 
is  waiting  for  this  next  great  achievement  of  the  gospel  of  Jesus 
Christ.  The  next  great  evolution  of  the  Christian  church  will  be 
some  form  of  democracy  that  will  secure  the  greatest  efficiency  of  or 
ganized  spiritual  life,  and  that  at  the  same  time  will  preserve  sacredly 
to  the  individual  conscience  that  hard-fought  liberty  which  Prot 
estantism  has  won  for  men. 

I  trust  it  is  no  spirit  of  vanity  that  prompts  me  to  say  that  I  be 
lieve  our  three  churches  are  peculiarly  fitted  to  lead  in  this  work.  The 
two  great  impulses  that  should  guide  this  next  great  evolution  of  the 
gospel  are  the  molding  forces  of  the  denominations  we  represent. 
These  two  guiding  impulses  are  loyalty  to  spiritual  freedom  and  loy 
alty  to  God  as  revealed  in  Christian  experience.  On  the  one  hand  will 
be  required  fidelity  to  those  forms  of  social  life  that  give  the  greatest 
liberty  to  conscience,  and  on  the  other  will  be  required  fidelity  to  those 
moral  convictions  which  God's  Spirit  works  out  through  the  religious 
consciousness  of  his  children.  The  three  churches  we  represent  em 
body  these  impulses  in  a  characteristic  degree.  In  Congregationalism 
we  find  the  perfect  fruitage  of  spiritual  freedom.  In  the  United 
Brethren  and  Methodist  Protestant  churches  we  find  a  supreme  regard 
for  the  facts  of  religious  experience.  In  the  successful  combination 
of  these  two  elements  shall  the  next  great  evolution  of  the  gospel  be 
accomplished. 

The  church  of  the  future  must  be.  one  in  which  every  conscience  will 
be  absolutely  free,  and  yet  will  joyfully  enter  into  fellowship  with  all 
of  God's  children.  This  church  will  depend  for  its  efficiency,  not  upon 

286 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

external  authority,  but  upon  the  consensus  of  moral  conviction  which 
God's  Spirit  directly  works  out  in  the  hearts  of  his  children.  It  will 
depend  for  its  security,  not  upon  hierarchial  devices,  but  upon  God's 
Spirit  enthroned  in  Christian  consciousness.  It  will  depend  for  the 
success  of  its  administration  not  so  much  upon  machinery  as  upon  the 
intensity  of  the  common  life  and  common  enthusiasm  inspired  by  the 
Holy  Spirit  in  the  hearts  of  his  children.  It  will  register  a  vote  of 
confidence  in  the  Almighty  by  allowing  his  Spirit  to  guide  the  visible 
church  through  the  legitimately  expressed  moral  conviction  of  the 
individuals  who  constitute  its  membership.  What  special  forms  of 
polity  may  be  devised  to  express  these  truths  I  dare  not  anticipate. 
Perhaps  the  church  of  the  future  may  be  a  representative  democracy 
whose  conclusions  become  law  only  when  ratified  by  autonomous 
churches.  But  whatever  it  may  be,  it  must  provide  for  the  supremacy 
of  that  spiritual  life  w7hich  God  inspires  in  the  regenerated  life  of  his 
followers. 

But  after  all  the  great  question  is  not  the  composition  of  the  church 
of  the  future,  but  the  work  it  is  to  do.  That  work  is  the  evangeliza 
tion  of  the  world.  A  spiritual  renaissance  is  the  goal  of  this  consoli 
dation  of  the  divisions  of  God's  army.  The  significance  of  the  move 
ment  toward  Christian  union  can  only  be  understood  when  you  con 
sider  the  campaign  to  which  it  is  preliminary.  This  campaign  is  the 
preaching  of  the  old  gospel  with  a  fresh  power.  Men  must  be  con 
vinced  that  the  gospel  deals  with  actualities.  They  must  see  that 
Christ  was  right  when  he  taught  that  our  lives  may  be  in  touch  with 
God  as  truly  as  with  the  world  of  sense.  They  must  be  led  to  con 
sider  their  environment  of  God's  conscious  life  with  the  same  spirit 
of  realism  with  which  they  now  regard  things  of  sense.  They  must 
realize  that  the  conscious  personal  energies  of  the  soul  bear  the  same 
dependent  relations  upon  the  environment  of  God's  life  that  the  physi 
cal  body  bears  to  its  outward  environment.  They  must  be  convinced 
that  their  spirits  may  be  replenished  with  might  in  the  inner  man, 
when  correspondence  is  established  between  the  soul  and  its  environ 
ment  of  unseen  life.  They  must  be  awakened  to  a  consciousness  of  a 
present  revelation  of  God  in  the  facts  of  a  regenerated  experience. 

When  men  wake  to  a  realization  of  this  truth,  their  attitude  toward 
the  visible  world  will  be  reversed.  The  natural  man  is  in  bondage  to 
the  world.  The  powers  that  dominate  his  life  are  outside  himself.  The 
forces  of  nature  and  the  passions  of  the  body  rule  his  life.  Fear  and 
lust  dominate  the  soul.  But  Christ  put  the  problem  of  life  in  a  new 
light,  not  how  to  conform  the  soul  to  the  world,  but  how  to  conform 
the  world  to  the  soul,  to  its  obligations,  its  needs,  its  duties,  was  his 
concern.  He  looked  at  life  from  a  new  center.  The  soul  becomes 
master  of  the  world  instead  of  being  its  slave. 

It  will  be  readily  seen  how  this  view  revolutionizes  the  whole  theory 
of  life.  It  will  transfer  the  regulating  control  of  human  conduct  from 
outward  to  inward  conditions.  Men  will  come  to  look  at  life  from  a 

287 


TWEXTV-FOURTH   GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

new  point  of  view.  It  is  a  change  in  the  spiritual  world  as  great  as 
that  from  the  Ptolemic  theory  of  the  solar  system  to  the  Copernican  in 
the  material  world.  In  the  Ptolemic  system  men  thought  of  the 
earth  as  a  center  around  which  the  sun  revolved.  In  the  Copernican 
system  the  sun  was  found  to  be  the  true  center  around  which  the  earth 
revolved.  So  with  Christ  came  the  new  view  that  man's  soul  is  the 
true  center  around  which  the  world  should  turn. 

But  this  reversal  of  the  natural  order  will  not  be  possible  until 
man's  spirit  becomes  the  repository  of  an  all-subduing  life.  A  power 
within  man  must  be  born  great  enough  to  lift  him  from  slavery  to 
sovereignty.  The  natural  man  must  give  way  to  the  new  man.  There 
must  be  an  actual  increase  of  conscious  spiritual  energies.  The  sum 
total  of  that  aggregation  of  personal  energies  that  we  call  the  soul 
must  be  enlarged.  The  powers  of  life  that  were  feeble  in  energy  and 
few  in  number  must  be  transformed  into  the  "more  abundant  life." 
In  short,  man  must  be  born  again. 

It  is  to  this  new  birth  of  the  Spirit  that  the  church  of  the  future 
must  bend  its  energies.  It  must  waken  man  to  the  truth  that  this  ex 
altation  of  his  inward  life  is  a  realizable  fact.  It  must  make  men 
see  that  their  inward  life  is  in  living  touch  with  an  environment  of 
life  to  which  the  senses  are  dumb.  It  must  impart  realism  to  the 
teaching  that  the  energies  of  man's  personal  life  may  be  augmented 
through  right  relation  to  this  unseen  environment.  It  must  induce 
men  to  venture  their  spiritual  destinies  upon  those  processes  of  faith 
and  love  which  open  up  the  riches  of  the  unseen  world.  It  must  teach 
men  how  to  lay  hold  of  invisible  realities,  so  that  communion  with  the 
invisible  becomes  as  truly  a  part  of  their  lives  as  communion  with  the 
visible.  Old  things  must  pass  away  and  all  things  become  new.  The 
spiritual  lives  of  men  must  be  brought  into  such  relation  to  God  that 
he  will  influence  and  change  them,  uplift  and  renovate  them.  The 
dumb  spirit  must  be  taught  to  speak,  the  lame  to  rise,  to  walk,  to 
bound,  and  run  in  the  vigor  of  new  life. 

To  make  this  message  real  to  men  it  will  have  to  be  proclaimed  with 
new  insight  into  its  meaning.  The  church  of  the  future  will  have  to 
present  the  truth  not  only  with  zeal,  but  with  light.  The  great  truths 
of  the  gospel  must  be  articulated  with  those  great  truths  that  we  have 
gained  in  lower  spheres.  The  world  is  largely  indifferent  to  spiritual 
truth  because  it  does  not  grasp  the  harmony  of  this  truth  with  other 
truth.  Men  are  sense-bound.  They  have  not  explored  the  significance 
of  any  experience  but  that  of  sense.  They  have  utilized  sense-expe 
rience,  but  they  are  helpless  in  the  presence  of  soul-experience.  The 
great  truths  that  lie  imbedded  in  the  facts  of  man's  regenerated  expe 
rience  must  be  interpreted  as  science  has  interpreted  the  truths  of 
nature.  When  the  import  of  these  facts  is  fully  understood,  when  its 
full  meaning  dawns  011  men,  then  will  they  wake  to  a  consciousness  of 
the  presence  of  invisible  life.  When  we  come  to  investigate  the  facts 
of  personal,  conscious  life  with  the  same  accuracy  and  care  with  which 

288 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

we  have  inquired  into  the  facts  of  nature,  we  shall  find  that  religion 
stands  upon  the  firm  foundation  of  experience,  and  not  simply  upon 
tradition  or  speculation.  A  scientific  necessity  will  compel  us  to  look 
to  the  environing  life  of  God  for  an  explanation  of  the  transforming 
energies  that  flow  into  the  moi'al  life  of  man.  No  other  explanation  is 
possible.  If  love  enters  into  the  heart  and  with  its  mighty  power  trans 
forms  the  life,  if  a  new-born  hope  takes  possession  of  the  soul  that 
groveled  in  despair,  it  is  because  that  love,  that  hope,  has  been  im 
parted  from  a  life  beyond  self.  The  soul  has  found  a  storehouse  of 
energies  that  are  as  real  in  their  sphere  as  light  or  heat  in  the  physical 
realm.  The  enthusiasms  for  truth  and  for  goodness  that  uplift  us  and 
purify  us  are  the  invasions  of  a  supersensible  life  into  human  expe 
rience. 

Even  now  science  with  timid  step  is  entering  this  new  field.  As  she 
contemplates  the  facts  of  the  higher  spiritual  experience  of  men,  she 
becomes  vaguely  aware  that  here  is  an  unexplored  field  for  the  true 
Christian  science  of  the  future.  Listen  to  the  verdict  of  Professor 
William  James  after  a  careful  survey  of  the  facts  of  the  religious 
consciousness  of  men.  In  his  "Varieties  of  Religious  Experience"  he 
gives  the  conclusion  of  his  analysis  in  these  words :  "The  positive 
content  of  religious  experience  is  the  fact  that  the  conscious  person  is 
continuous  with  a  wider  self  through  which  saving  experiences  come." 
"God  is  the  natural  appellation  for  the  supreme  reality,  so  I  will  call 
this  higher  part  of  the  universe  by  the  name  of  God.  We  and  God 
have  business  with  each  other,  and  in  opening  ourselves  to  his  influ 
ence  our  deepest  destiny  is  fulfilled."  This  is  the  last  and  the  com- 
pletest  testimony  of  science  to  the  reality  of  that  experience  in  which 
the  soul  of  man  comes  into  the  presence  of  the  living  Father. 

What  the  world  needs  to-day  is  a  fresh  consciousness  of  the  near 
ness  of  God.  The  great  problem  before  us  is  to  present  this  great 
truth  so  that  it  will  be  burned  into  the  hearts  of  men.  The  immanence 
of  God  in  human  experience,  I  verily  believe,  is  all  that  will  save  re 
ligion  to  men.  Dogma,  tradition,  speculation,  religious  ceremonial 
divorced  from  the  facts  of  regenerated  life  will  prove  powerless.  The 
verities  of  life  are  more  convincing  than  the  speculations  of  logic. 
Men  have  lost  their  way  amid  forms,  speculations,  and  theories.  They 
'can  find  themselves  only  by  laying  hold  of  the  realities  of  a  God- 
quickened  experience. 

This  is  the  evangelism  to  which  God  calls  us.  He  would  have  us 
join  forces  that  the  gospel  may  be  proclaimed  with  new  power.  He 
would  have  us  lift  on  high  the  banner  of  experimental  religion,  and 
march  forth  to  new  victories. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  We  will  now  listen  to  an  address  by  one 
known  among  us  as  a  capable  preacher,  the  writer  of  the  best  work  on 
church  finances  known  to  me,  a  writer  and  singer  of  sweet  Christian 

289 

f 

19 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

songs,  and  a  man  who  has  achieved  a  noble  success  in  one  of  the  de 
partments  of  church  finance.  I  refer  to  Rev.  Dr.  Weekley,  who  will 
now  speak. 

DR.  W.  M.  WEEKLEY.  Not  twenty-five  minutes,  not  twenty  min 
utes,  not  eighteen  minutes,  perhaps  not  fifteen  minutes. 

A  VOICE.    Twelve. 

DR.  WEEKLEY.    I  will  speak  until  I  get  done.     [Applause.] 

DR.  w.  M.  WEEKLEY'S  ADDRESS. 

MR.  CHAIRMAN.  The  joint  committee  on  church  union  at  its  last 
Pittsburg  meeting  appointed  Dr.  Washington  Gladden  and  myself 
commissioners  to  visit  the  national  bodies  of  the  three  churches  repre 
sented  on  this  platform,  for  the  purpose  of  laying  before  them  its 
work,  and  asking  their  endorsement  of  the  same.  Accordingly  we  at 
tended  the  General  Conference  of  the  Methodist  Protestant  Church, 
which  convened  in  Washington,  D.  C.,  May  20,  1904.  On  the  follow 
ing  Tuesday  we  were  introduced  to  that  body  and  given  a  patient,  in 
telligent,  and  enthusiastic  hearing.  The  brethren  were  very  cordial 
toward  us,  and  heartily  endorsed  the  work  of  the  general  committee. 
At  the  close  of  our  addresses  the  conference  adjourned  and  honored 
us  with  a  reception,  during  which  we  were  introduced  to  each  member 
of  the  body,  and  to  scores  of  others  who  were  present  as  visitors. 

Dr.  Stephens,  who  has  spoken  to  you  this  evening  so  earnestly  and 
eloquently,  represents  a  church  made  up  of  a  good,  honest  member 
ship,  worthy  of  our  Christian  confidence,  a  people  who  sincerely  desire 
a  closer  affiliation  of  the  bodies  directly  interested  in  this  movement. 

Last  October  I  attended  the  National  Council  of  the  Congregational 
Church,  which  held  its  sessions  in  Des  Moines,  Iowa.  This  was  per 
haps  the  most  notable  gathering  that  ever  occurred  in  the  history  of 
American  Congregationalism.  Dr.  Stephens  was  also  present  to  speak 
for  his  church,  and  when  we  were  introduced  more  than  two  thousand 
people  arose  and  applauded,  not  because  Dr.  Stephens  and  myself 
were  there,  but  because  they  were  rejoiced  to  see  such  a  propitious 
hour  in  the  history  of  the  three  churches,  and  because  they  could  see 
in  the  occasion  a  prophecy  of  still  better  things  in  the  good  time  to* 
come.  Amid  the  splendid  greeting,  which  continued  for  some  mo 
ments,  I  suggested  to  Dr.  Stephens  that  the  Congregationalists  could 
outdo  Methodists  in  enthusiasm  and  boisterous  applause.  Expressions 
of  good  will  for  the  United  Brethren  Church  were  numerous  and 
hearty,  and  scores  of  representatives  expressed  to  me  personally 
their  deep  interest  in  the  union  movement,  and  assured  me  of  their 
willingness  and  readiness  to  do  anything  right  and  honorable  to  bring 
about  a  closer  alliance  of  our  force.  I  was  especially  impressed  with 
the  intense  evangelistic  tone  of  the  addresses  I  heard  on  various  sub 
jects,  and  especially  with  the  spirit  of  evangelism  which  seemed  to 

290 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

thrill  the  great  body,  and  which  was  made  the  key-note  of  so  many 
meetings.  The  syllabus,  as  at  the  Methodist  Protestant  General  Con 
ference,  was  adopted  without  any  opposition  whatever. 

By  action  of  the  council  the  moderator's  prerogatives  and  functions 
were  enlarged,  and  the  office  extended  through  the  triennium.  Dr. 
Gladden,  therefore,  is  to  Congregationalism  about  what  a  bishop  is  in 
the  United  Brethren  Church;  in  fact,  there  seems  to  be  a  slight  ten 
dency  in  the  Congregational  Church  toward  the  bishopric.  I  will  ex 
plain.  A  year  and  a  half  ago  Dr.  Gladden  preached  the  opening  ser 
mon  before  the  Southeast  Ohio  Conference,  which  met  in  Wester ville, 
seat  of  Otterbein  University,  and  filled  the  place  of  bishop  \vith  great 
acceptability,  and  with  much  credit  to  Congregationalism.  It  was 
only  last  September  that  President  Perry,  of  Marietta  College,  ap 
peared  before  the  West  Virginia  Conference  and  delivered  a  splendid 
address  along  the  line  of  the  bishop's  work,  all  of  which  indicates 
clearly  that  the  Congregational  Church  has  an  abundance  of  bishop 
timber. 

Dr.  Gladden,  true  to  the  spirit  and  traditions  of  the  Pilgrim  fathers, 
believes  in  a  high  religious  and  ethical  standard,  (which  seems  to  be 
somewhat  opposed  to  "Standard  Oil,")  and  proclaims  his  convictions, 
as  he  goes  up  and  down  through  the  land,  with  the  faith  of  a  saint 
and  the  courage  of  a  hero,  and  I  doubt  if  any  place  in  all  the  country 
at  this  moment  is  prepared  to  give  the  moderator  a  warmer  welcome 
than  is  the  magnificent  capital  of  the  great  State  of  Kansas.  Success 
to  you.  my  brother,  in  your  fight  for  clean  business  methods  and 
cleaner  money  for  the  Lord's  treasury. 

Touching  the  work  of  the  general  committee,  which  Held  two  ses 
sions  in  Pittsburg,  Pa.,  I  am  glad  to  report  that  during  all  our  dis 
cussions  not  an  unkind  word  was  spoken.  Never  was  the  spirit  of  love 
and  forbearance  more  manifest.  At  one  time  during  our  first  meet 
ing  the'way  seemed  dark.  We  were  hedged  in,  apparently,  by  difficul 
ties  on  every  side,  not  by  essentials,  but  by  non-essentials,  our  pecu 
liarities,  as  denominations.  Finally,  a  committee  of  nine,  three  from 
each  church,  was  appointed  to  devise  some  plan  of  union  or  federa 
tion,  if  such  a  plan  were  possible;  if  not,  then  to  report  accordingly. 
Bishop  Mills  and  Dr.  L.  S.  Cornell  and  W.  E.  Funk  represented  the 
United  Brethren  Church.  While  the  brethren  were  in  a  room  alone, 
wrestling  with  the  problem,  the  rest  of  us,  perhaps  thirty  or  more, 
"were  together  with  one  accord"  in  another  place,  asking  God  for  help 
and  direction.  I  can  never  forget  that  hour.  How  anxious  all  hearts 
were !  How  earnest  the  petitions  for  the  divine  presence !  How  sweet 
the  fellowship!  How  sublime  the  triumph  of  faith!  When  the  com 
mittee  finally  came  in  with  its  report,  and  it  was  adopted,  a  Congre- 
gationalist  arose  and  in  regular  United  Brethren  style  began  to  sing, 
'Praise  God  from  whom  all  blessings  flow."  What  the  committee 
brought  to  us  was*,  in  fact,  the  basis  of  the  syllabus  which  constitutes 
a  part  of  Dr.  Cornell's  splendid  report  this  evening.  I  know  the  gen- 

291 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

eral  committee  has  been  criticised  for  what  it  did,  and  some  of  us,  as 
individuals,  have  not  escaped  censure  entirely,  but  let  me  say,  beloved, 
there  is  not  a  man  in  either  of  the  churches  that  would  feel  like  utter 
ing  a  word  of  criticism  if  he  had  been  there.  Xo  one  can  make  me 
believe  that  such  fraternal  relations,  such  a  looking  to  God  for  grace 
and  wisdom,  such  a  sincere  desire  to  honor  Christ  in  the  unifying  of 
his  people,  can  come  as  the  result  of  selfishness  in  any  form.  The 
devil  never  has  anything  to  do  with  that  kind  of  a  meeting.  His  vile 
hand  is  always  seen  in  quarrels  and  alienations.  He  never  encourages 
oneness  among  Christians,  for  that  means,  as  he  well  knows,  strength 
and  service  and  victory  for  the  heavenly  kingdom.  The  Holy  Spirit 
has  been  in  all  this  movement.  His  presence  has  been  felt  here  this 
evening.  The  very  thought  of  a  closer  union  of  God's  people  is  pleas 
ing  to  the  devout  Christian,  and  the  suggestion  always  commends 
itself  to  the  more  thoughtful  outside  the  churches.  Such  a  thing  is 
so  reasonable,  so  desirable,  and  so  essential  to  the  saving  of  the  world. 
The  great  revival  tide  now  sweeping  over  Wales  and  England  is  but  an 
incident  in  the  union  movement  among  the  churches  in  those  coun 
tries.  Such  meetings  are  impossible  in  the  absence  of  this  great,  un 
derlying  principle  of  unity;  and  I  believe  we  are  on  the  eve  of  a 
mighty  religious  awakening  in  this  country,  because  we  are  seeing  less 
and  less  of  self,  and  are  becoming  more  willing  and  anxious  to  merge 
our  forces  in  rescuing  souls  immortal  from  the  dominion  of  sin. 

I  think  all  heaven  is  interested  in  the  union  of  God's  church.  If 
we  could  draw  aside  the  curtain  which  intervenes  between  us  and  the 
unseen,  and  ask  the  redeemed  to  express  their  deepest,  profoundest 
desire,  I  believe  the  answer  would  be,  "That  the  will  of  God  may  be 
done  on  earth  as  it  is  done  by  us  in  heaven."  If  we  could  ask  the 
angels  the  same  question,  I  would  expect  the  answer,  "That  there  may 
be  peace  on  earth  and  good  will  among  men."  And  if  we  could  speak 
to  Jesus  face  to  face  and  say  to  him,  "O  Christ,  what  is  the  greatest 
desire  of  thy  heart?"  I  am  sure  I  know  what  the  reply  would  be, 
"That  my  people  may  be  one,  as  the  Father  and  Son  are  one,  that 
the  world  may  believe  on  me."  A  deep  sense  of  God's  abiding  presence 
in  the  heart  and  life  alone  will  prepare  us  fully  for  that  closer,  yet 
larger  fellowship  for  which  our  souls  yearn,  and  for  which  the  world 
is  waiting.  I  sincerely  hope  you  will  adopt  the  report  presented  by 
.your  committee,  and  do  so  with  great  heartiness  and  unanimity. 

The  syllabus  may  be  divided  into  two  parts.  The  first  relates  to 
federation  under  a  general  council,  the  latter  to  corporate  oneness, 
with  some  form  of  connectionalism.  If  the  first  is  impossible  of  realiza 
tion,  then  it  is  a  waste  of  time  to  talk  about  the  latter.  The  matter 
of  organic  union  is  not  before  this  body  for  consideration  at  this  time. 
We  must  manifest,  first  of  all,  a  spirit  of  fraternity,  and  thus  give  to 
the  world  the  highest  and  grandest  definition  of  Christian  cooperation. 

With  the  General  Council  will  rest  the  most  weighty  responsibility, 
since  it  will  have  to  deal  with  every  phase  of  federated  union  contem- 

292 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

plated  iii  the  syllabus;  yet  everything  suggested  by  that  council  af 
fecting  the  identity  and  constitutional  life  of  each  church  participat 
ing  therein,  if  such  suggestions  be  made  at  all,  will  have  to  be  sub 
mitted  to  the  membership  for  consideration  and  final  action.  Nothing 
is  to  be  done  in  haste.  If  more  than  this  special  form  of  federation 
is  to  be  realized,  it  must  come  as  an  evolution,  and  not  as  a  revolu 
tion.  We  must  and  will  look  reverently  to  the  Holy  Spirit  for  wis 
dom  to  guide  in  every  step  we  take,  and  for  strength  of  heart  and  pur 
pose  to  do  right  as  he  shall  make  our  duty  plain. 

Applause  followed  the  delivery  of  Dr.  Weekley's  address. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Now  what  is  the  pleasure  of  the  Confer 
ence? 

DR.  FUNK.  This  is  a  glad  moment  to  every  one  who  is  praying  for 
the  complete  establishment  of  the  kingdom  of  Christ  on  earth.  The 
beauty  of  the  divine  fellowship  had  in  this  movement  to  join  the  forces 
of  our  Lord  in  opposition  to  the  powers  of  evil  has  given  joy  in  heaven 
because  of  this  unity  of  action.  I  therefore  move  the  approval  of  the 
syllabus  and  the  adoption  of  the  report  of  the  committee. 

Seconded. 

S.  F.  HUBER,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  Owing  to  the  lateness 
of  the  hour,  I  move  that  it  be  laid  over  until  to-morrow. 

Question  called  for. 

REV.  J.  R.  CHAMBERS,,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  protest  against  ac 
tion  on  this  motion  to-night.  It  is  now  past  ten  o'clock.  This  is  not 
our  place  of  meeting.  We  are  not  prepared  to  act  on  this  to-night.  I 
protest  against  it,  and  I  have  further  remarks  to  make  before  we  vote. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    I  think  perhaps  we  had  better  adjourn. 

A  motion  to  adjourn  was  made  and  seconded. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  You  will  have  plenty  of  time  to-morrow. 
Everybody  is  in  good  spirit.  Demons  are  the  only  bad  spirits  here  to 
night.  [Applause.] 

The  motion  to  adjourn  carried,  and  Dr.  Gladden  pronounced  the 
benediction. 


293 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENER'AL    CONFERENCE 

FIFTH  DAY— MORNING  SESSION. 

TUESDAY,  May  16,  1905,  8 :  30  A.  M. 

Rev.  J.  A.  Kiracofc,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference,  led  the  devo 
tional  services.  Rev.  E.  H.  Pontius,  member  of  the  Arion  Quartet,  led 
the  singing.  Song,  "I  am  thine,  O  Lord,"  was  followed  with  prayer 
by  Rev.  M.  J.  Mumma,  of  East  Pennsylvania  Conference.  Song, 
"The  name  of  Jesus,"  was  followed  by  prayer  by  Rev.  W.  R.  Berry, 
of  Virginia  Conference;  and  song,  "At  the  cross,"  first  two  stanzas, 
was  followed  by  prayer  by  Rev.  J.  A.  Kiracofe.  After  the  song, 
"When  I  get  home,"  the  devotional  services  closed. 

The  business  session  opened  with  Bishop  Mills  in  the  chair. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  Conference  is  now  in  session.  The  roll 
will  be  called. 

Assistant  Secretary  Schaeffer  called  the  roll  of  delegates  alpha 
betically,  showing  all  delegates  to  be  present. 

Secretary  Snyder  read  the  minutes  of  the  three  sessions  of  Monday 
and  same  were  approved. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  conference  roll  will  now  be  called  and 
opportunity  given  to  refer  any  matters  desired  to  the  appropriate  com 
mittees. 

R.  H.  BENNETT,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  have  a  matter  I  would 
like  to  hand  to  the  Committee  on  Judiciary.  I  would  like  the  privilege 
of  handing  it  to  the  committee  as  soon  as  I  have  the  manuscript  ready. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    All  right. 

REV.  W.  D.  STRATTON,  of  Michigan  Conference.  I  do  not  know  as 
I  have  anything  to  present  to  this  Conference,  yet  I  think  it  is  due  to 
make  a  statement,  if  I  may  have  that  privilege.  Michigan  Conference 
during  the  quadremiium  took  preliminary  steps  to  make  an  appeal 
from  the  decision  or  ruling  of  the  Board  of  Bishops  of  1902,  and  in 
1903  the  bishops  so  modified  their  ruling  that  we  really  have  not  now 
any  ground  whatever  for  appeal. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  And  I  notified  the  brother  when  he  made  it 
that  it  should  have  been  to  the  Court  of  Appeals  instead  of  this  Con 
ference. 

BISHOP  KEPHART.  While  you  are  in  miscellaneous  business  I  desire 
to  call  attention  that  the  Radical  United  Brethren  are  now  assembled 
in  joint  conference,  and  I  move  you  that  the  greetings  of  this  General 
Conference  be  sent  to  that  body. 

294 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

BISHOP  CASTLE.    I  second  the  motion. 

BISHOP  MATHEWS.  I  wish  to  second  the  motion  by  hoping  that  we 
will  get  a  response  this  time. 

The  motion  was  adopted. 

E.  R.  SMITH,  of  Iowa  Conference.  I  would  like  to  read  the  follow 
ing  motion :  That  further  consideration  of  the  pending  question  of 
adoption  of  Dr.  Funk's  motion,  with  reference  to  church  union,  offered 
last  night,  be  made  the  question  for  the  special  order  of  business  on 
Thursday  at  ten  o'clock. 

REV.  J.  A.  F.  KING,  of  Northern  Illinois  Conference.  In  view  of  the 
fact  that  it  will  be  necessary  to  consider  quite  a  number  of  important 
reports  to-day,  I  move  that  the  report  on  church  federation  be  the 
order  of  the  day  to-morrow  morning  at  ten  o'clock. 

DR.  M.  R.  DRURY,  of  Iowa  Conference.  I  second  the  motion  of  Dr. 
Smith. 

REV.  II.  R.  HESS,  of  West  Virginia  Conference.  Does  Rule  No.  34 
control  this  matter  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  It  is  always  in  order  to  postpone  to  a  cer 
tain  day. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  This  is  the  open 
ing  business  session.  Church  federation  was  the  business  of  the  Con 
ference  at  its  last  session  when  it  adjourned,  and  it  is  the  business  now 
in  hand.  The  Conference  can  only  dispose  of  the  business  in  hand. 

REV.  IT.  R.  HESS,  of  West  Virginia  Conference.  Under  Rule  No. 
34  I  would  like  to  inquire  how  that  motion  of  last  night  would  come 
directly  before  this  house,  when  it  says  that  any  important  motion 
brought  before  this  body — and  nobody  would  presume  to  say  that  this 
is  not  a-n  important  motion — must  go  to  the  committee  first.  It  is 
a  strange  arid  wonderful  rule,  I  must  say,  but  it  is  there. 

S.  F.  HUBER,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  do  not  think  we  are 
ready.  We  have  not  had  the  report  printed  and  distributed.  I  think 
we  ought  to  have  that  distributed  before  we  act  upon  it. 

PROFESSOR  KEPPEL,  of  California  Conference.  I  rise  to  a  point  of 
order.  My  opinion  is  that  the  brother's  motion  is  a  motion  to  postpone 
and  is  not  debatable. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    The  point  of  order  is  well  taken. 

Question  called  for. 

The  motion  was  adopted  and  the  matter  was  postponed  until  Thurs 
day  at  ten  o'clock. 

295 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

REV.  C.  I.  B.  BRAXE,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  The 
Committee  on  Correspondence  has  a  greeting  for  Bishop  Dickson. 
Will  you  hear  it  from  the  secretary? 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

H.  B.  MILLER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  Your  committee  has  pre 
pared  this  message: 

TOPEKA,  Kansas,  May  16,  1905. 

Bishop  J.  Dickson,  D.  D.,  Chamber sburg,  Pa. 

DEAR  BROTHER:  With  grateful  appreciation  of  your  past  services 
to  the  Church,  the  General  Conference  sends  greetings  of  love  to  you 
and  best,  wishes  for  your  future  health  and  happiness. 

C.  I.  B.  BRANE, 
J.  M.  GARBER, 
H.  B.  MILLER, 

Committee. 

On  motion  of  Rev.  W.  H.  Washinger,  of  Pennsylvania  Conference, 
seconded  by  S.  F.  Huber,  this  greeting  was  directed  to  be  sent  to 
Bishop  Dickson. 

REV.  A.  P.  FuNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  move  that  the 
order  of  business  for  to-day  be  so  amended  as  to  receive  the  greetings 
of  our  fraternal  delegates  at  their  convenience. 

Seconded  by  Dr.  Funk. 

This  was  agreed  to. 

BISHOP  KEPHART.  Now  is  it  the  sense  of  the  Conference  that  the 
syllabus,  including  the  report  to  which  you  have  had  reference,  and 
which  has  been  deferred  to  next  Thursday,  be  printed  ?  You  had  bet 
ter  determine  that  matter  now,  or,  when  you  come  to  it,  somebody  may 
then  object  to  your  discussing  it  on  the  ground  of  its  not  being 
printed.  You  had  better  settle  that  now. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  syllabus  will  be  found  in  the  bishops' 
address,  which  is  in  the  hands  of  all  the  delegates. 

REV.  W.  D.  STRATTON,  of  Michigan  Conference.  I  offer  the  follow 
ing  motion : 

Revolved,  That  only  the  resolutions  recommended  by  the  Committee 
on  Church  Union  be  sent  to  the  printer  and  printed. 

Seconded. 

BISHOP  MATHEWS.  I  was  just  going  to  suggest  that  in  all  these 
questions  that  are  of  so  much  importance  it  is  good  to  have  good  ink 

296 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

and  print.  We  want  to  see  all  these  things  in  daylight.  It  is  a  good 
thing  to  spend  a  little  money  and  put  it  in  the  hands  of  everybody  to 
read.  It  is  wholesome. 

The  resolution  was  adopted. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Brethren  of  the  Conference,  this  is  Rev. 
Dr.  W.  M.  Stanford,  of  the  United  Evangelical  Church,  a  brother 
who  stands  high  in  his  own  communion.  He  is  almost  my  neighbor, 
and  with  whom  I  have  had  pleasant  relations.  He  comes  with  greet 
ings  from  his  church.  He  will  now  bear  the  greetings  of  that  church 
to  you.  [Applause.] 

BISHOP  STANFORD.  Brethren  and  sisters  [applause],  a  few  days  be 
fore  I  left  home  I  sat  down  to  my  typewriter  and  committed  a  paper 
of  what  I  thought  I  ought  to  say  at  this  time,  but  since  I  have  been 
in  your  midst,  in  touch  with  your  warm  hearts,  and  you  have  called 
up  many  old-time  reminiscences,  I  have  learned  that  many  of  you 
know  me,  and  that  I  know  many  more  of  you  than  I  thought  I  did. 
Somehow,  I  almost  feel  this  moment  as  if  I  ought  to  make  an  off-hand 
speech.  [Applause.]  I  shoot  best  off-hand  [applause],  but  if  I  were 
to  undertake  that  this  morning  I  might  take  up  the  whole  Conference. 
[Laughter.]  That  would  surely  be  out  of  place,  and,  since  I  was  in 
your  discussion  last  night,  I  have  become  a  good  deal  fired  up.  You 
will  not  expect  me,  of  course,  as  representing  a  church  altogether  out 
side  of  your  union  question  at  this  time,  to  take  any  hand  whatever  in 
that;  that  would  be  discourteous. 

BISHOP  KEPHART.    Well,  we  will  admit  you  right  along  with  us. 

BISHOP  STANFORD.  But  I  am  such  a  lover  of  discussion  and  debate 
that  it  is  very  hard  to  keep  my  tongue  just  now.  I  want  to  say,  before 
I  read  this  paper,  that  I  enjoy  very  heartily  your  hearty  reception, 
and  I  reciprocate  it  from  the  depth  of  my  soul,  and  also  your  very  fine 
entertainment.  I  have  no  fault  at  all  to  find  with  my  boarding-house. 

DR.  w.  M.  STANFORD'S  FRATERNAL  ADDRESS. 

DEAR  FATHERS  AND  BRETHREN  IN  GENERAL  CONFERENCE  ASSEMBLED, 
GREETING:  As  the  duly-chosen  representative  of  the  United  Evan 
gelical  Church,  to  bear  fraternal  expression  and  well  wishes  to  your 
body,  I  take  much  pleasure  at  this  time  in  being  privileged  to  look 
into  your  hopeful  faces,  and  to  extend  to  you  the  warm  hand  of 
brotherly  love  and  Christian  fellowship.  In  the  brief  span  of  a 
human  life,  such  a  delightful  mission  as  this  comes  but  rarely  to  any 
one  of  us.  Thus  it  is,  that  while  this  is  our  first  meeting  in  such  a 

297 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

capacity,  in  all  probability  it  may  be  our  last  while  here  on  earth  we 
stay.  The  next  time  we  meet,  therefore,  it  is  likely  to  be  in  that 
beautiful  land  on  high,  where  all  things  which  divide  us  here  below 
will  have  dropped  completely  and  forever  out  of  sight,  and  we  shall 
all  be  known  only  as  those  who  have  come  up  "out  of  great  tribulation, 
and  have  washed  their  robes,  and  made  them  white  in  the  blood  of  the 
Lamb."  In  the  face  of  such  an  outlook,  where  all  our  differences  are 
destined  to  fade  into  nothingness,  how  sweet  and  touching  to  con 
template  that,  even  here,  amid  these  earthly  relationships,  in  spite  of 
our  denominational  distinctions,  we  are  all  nevertheless  but  mem 
bers  of  the  one  great  family  of  the  living  God.  Though  separated 
more  or  less  by  a  friendly  divergence  of  view  as  to  church  polity,  yet 
we  are  all  one  in  Christ  Jesus.  Among  your  ministry  in  north 
western  Pennsylvania  you  used  to  have  a  large,  portly,  whole-souled, 
loud-voiced,  and  out-spoken  presiding  elder  by  the  name  of  William 
Cadman.  Is  he  living  yet?  [Dr.  Funk.  No.]  In  my  boyhood  days 
I  frequently  walked  from  three  to  five  miles  to  hear  him  preach.  He 
made  an  indelible  impression  on  my  then  youthful  mind  for  good. 
I  shall  never  forget  him.  He  preached  as  if  he  actually  believed  all 
he  said.  [Laughter.]  The  warmth  and  sweetness  of  his  pent-up 
soul  seemed  to  drip  like  nectar  from  his  lips.  His  very  earnestness, 
alone,  seemed  like  a  drawing  power  that  was  almost  irresistible.  One 
of  his  choice  themes  was  "The  Universal  Brotherhood  of  Man."  He 
really  seemed  to  me  to  weave  a  thread  of  this  sentiment  into  nearly 
every  sermon  he  preached.  That  is  how  he  made  me  believe  that  I 
was  his  brother.  .1  believe  it  still.  In  the  presence  of  our  common 
Heavenly  Father  we  are  all  one  family.  Though  operating  under 
different  names  and  plans,  yet  we  are  all  under  the  same, flag — the 
"banner  of  the  Cross." 

Truly  "there  are  diversities  of  gifts,  but  the  same  spirit.  And 
there  are  differences  of  administration,  but  the  same  Lord.  And  there 
are  diversities  of  operations,  but  it  is  the  same  God  which  worketh  all 
in  all."  This  is  the  real  Christian  fraternity.  Under  such  a  picture, 
drawn  by  the  pen  of  the  great  apostle  to  the  Gentiles,  how  very  un 
natural  it  would  be  for  us  to  contend  with  each  other,  or  to  in  any 
way  oppose  each  other,  or  to  even  stand  aloof  from  one  another.  On 
the  other  hand,  as  soldiers  together  in  an  unrelenting  warfare 
against  a  common  foe,  it  behooves  us  to  stand  in  very  close  fellow 
ship  with  one  another.  In  these  days  the  powers  of  darkness  are 
banding  together  as  never  before  to  undermine  the  Christian's  faith, 
to  neutralize  the  power  of  the  gospel,  to  rob  religion  of  its  sweetness 
and  vitality,  and,  if  possible,  to  overthrow  the  glorious  church  of 
Jesus  Christ.  To  this  end,  in  perfect  keeping  with  the  unerring  fore 
cast  of  divine  prophecy,  many  anti-Christs,  in  the  form  of  "fungus" 
faiths,  are  constantly  springing  up,  and  some  of  them  well  calculated 
to  "deceive  the  very  elect."  Thus  it  is  that  many  on  every  hand  have 
been  blindly  led  to  "follow"  them  in  "their  pernicious*  ways."  Thus 

298 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

it  is,  also,  that  either  a  low  spiritual  condition,  or  a  state  of  internal 
strife,  are  generally  the  largest  contributors  to  the  growth  of  such 
false  faiths.  It  is  just  such  soils  that  give  birth  to  the  bad  weeds 
which  choke  the  Word  of  God,  and  thereby  curb  its  fruitfulness.  In 
the  light  of  this  self-evident  truth,  what  wonder  that  it  is  already 
being  fast  conceded  that  our  modern  so-called  "higher  criticism  era" 
was  but  the  natural  outgrowth  of  spiritual  degeneracy.  When  a 
man's  soul  is  on  fire  with  the  love  of  God,  he  is  not  very  apt  to  find 
fault  with  either  his  Bible,  his  preacher,  his  class  leader,  or  even  his 
sister  churches.  [Amen,  Amen.]  If,  therefore,  there  was  ever  a 
time  in  the  history  of  the  Christian  church,  as  represented  by  the 
various  denominations  of  Protestant  Christianity,  when  she  should 
"put  on  the  whole  armour  of  God,"  and  then  unsheath  her  sword  and 
go  down  in  solid  line  to  battle  with  her  common  foe,  that  time  is 
now.  United  we  stand,  divided  we  fall.  As  one  of  the  constituent 
parts  of  this  unity  we  Evangelicals  propose  to  continue  our  friend 
ship  and  fellowship.  Having  the  honor  to-day  to  speak  for  over  five 
hundred  preachers  and  about  sixty-seven  thousand  members,  we  say 
to  you  most  heartily,  in  the  language  of  Paul  to  the  Hebrews,  "Let 
brotherly  love  continue"  [applause],  and  further  ask  you  all  to  join 
in  with  us  in  that  sweet  song  of  David,  "Behold  how  good  and  how 
pleasant  it  is  for  brethren  to  dwell  together  in  unity."  [Applause.] 

"May  he,  by  whose  kind  care  we  meet, 

Send  his  good  Spirit  from  above ; 
Make  our  communication  sweet, 

And  cause  our  hearts  to  burn  with  love." 

As  for  the  friendly  mission  on  which  I  am  sent  to  you  at  this  time, 
by  the  authority  of  our  last  General  Conference,  I  find  it  to  be  but  a 
repetition  of  history.  For  some  reason  this  interchange  of  fraternal 
feeling  and  good  will  between  us  has  been  going  on  more  or  less  for 
many  years.  Somehow,  in  spite  of  our  little  differences  of  view  as  to 
a  few  minor  points  of  church  polity  and  practice,  there  has  existed 
from  the  very  origin  of  our  work,  now  over  a  hundred  years  ago,  a 
sort  of  intense  kindred  spirit,  which  has  ever  refused  to  be  satisfied 
without  expression.  This  unfailing  friendship  unquestionably  began 
away  back  in  the  ardent  days  of  your  revered  Philip  William  Otter- 
bein,  Martin  Boehm,  Christian  Newcomer,  Joseph  Hoffman,  and 
others,  and  our  equally  revered  Jacob  Albright,  John  Walter,  George 
Miller,  John  Driesbach,  and  others.  These  men  were  all  contempo 
raries,  and  it  was  by  no  means  an  uncommon  thing  for  some  of  them 
to  preach  at  the  same  appointments  in  eastern  Pennsylvania.  In  those 
days  they  had  a' very  bold  and  daring  common  enemy  to  fight,  often 
bursting  forth  into  severe  persecution ;  and  so,  instead  of  contending 
and  vying  with  each  other,  as  is  too  often  the  case,  they  wisely  laid 
aside  their  jealousies  and  spent  their  united  strength  against  a  com 
mon  foe.  [Applause.]  This  priceless  life  lesson,  left  to  us  as  an  en- 

299 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

during  legacy  by  our  early  fathers,  should  never  be  forgotten.  God's 
redeemed  children,  of  whatever  name  or  denomination,  should  always 
be  sincere  friends,  and  always  helpful  to  one  another.  That  thought 
has  wonderfully  impressed  me  since  I  am  here.  While  I  speak  simply 
as  a  brother,  I  in  particular  this  morning  as  a  churchman  would  like 
to  have  you  all  believe  that  I  am  a  real  brother.  Somehow  I  do  not 
know  how  it  is  with  you.  If  I  am  a  good  thermometer  of  the  spirit 
ual  atmosphere,  Jesus  is  here.  [Voices.  Yes,  yes.] 

Thus  it  was  that,  in  their  constant  round  of  ministerial  duty,  there 
chanced  to  be  frequent  meetings  between  Superintendent  Albright 
and  Bishop  Newcomer,  and  it  seems  to  be  the  testimony  of  history 
that  they  were  close  personal  friends.  And  why  not  ?  To  have  been 
otherwise  would  not  only  have  been  un-Christian,  but  also  unnatural. 
Our  fathers  were  of  the  same  Teutonic  blood,  they  had  imbibed  the 
same  religious  faith,  they  preached  the  same  fiery  gospel,  and  they 
had  the  same  general  purpose  in  view.  With  such  a  beginning,  and 
•  under  such  conditions,  is  it  any  wonder  that  an  earnest  and  vigorous 
effort  was  made,  shortly  afterward,  to  effect  an  organic  union  ?  That 
was  only  to  have  been  expected.  For  a  number  of  years  this  move 
ment  went  forward,  having  been  pushed  both  publicly  and  privately, 
and  both  sides  feeling  confident  of  success,  until  it  finally  culminated 
in  that  now  historic  "Social  Conference,"  held  in  the  home  of  Henry 
Kumler,  near  Hagerstown,  Maryland,  on  the  14th  of  February,  1817. 
This  most  sincere  effort  to  get  together  organically,  having  been 
championed  by  such  men  as  Bishop  Newcomer  on  the  one  side,  and  the 
influential  John  Driesbach  on  the  other,  the  wonder  is  that  it  did  not 
succeed.  From  the  human  standpoint,  and  at  this  distance,  it  seems 
a  pity  that  it  failed.  [Voices.  True,  true.]  But  notwithstanding  the 
failure  of  this  movement,  either,  perhaps,  because  of  the  imperfection 
of  human  wisdom  or  judgment,  or  possibly  because  of  an  overruling 
Providence,  yet  we  thank  God  to-day  that  our  interest  in  each  other's 
welfare,  and  our  consequent  fraternal  spirit  toward  each  other,  have 
never  failed.  This  ever-abiding  brotherly  feeling  has  followed  us 
right  along  down  the  pathway  of  the  years,  like  the  soft  trend  of  an 
angel  footstep,  and  it  is  with  us  still.  Such  a  sweet  family  relation 
ship  is  born  only  of  the  Spirit  of  God.  We  've  been  eating  all  these 
years  from  the  same  table,  and  drinking  from  the  same  cup.  In 
evidence  of  these  statements  we  have  not  yet  forgotten  your  kindly 
greetings  sent  to  us  through  your  now  sainted  brethren,  Rev.  B.  F. 
Booth  to  our  General  Conference  in  the  City  of  Chicago,  Illinois,  in 
1879,  and  Rev.  E.  Light  to  our  ever-memorable  General  Conference 
in  the  city  of  Allentown,  Pennsylvania,  in  1883.  Neither  have  we 
yet  forgotten  your  kindly  good  will  sent  to  us  through  your  brother, 
Rev.  H.  J.  Becker,  in  the  troublous  days  of  our  pivotal  General  Con 
ference  in  the  city  of  Buffalo,  New  York,  in  1887.  Is  he  still  living? 
[Presiding  Bishop.  He  is  still  living.]  Is  he  here  to-day?  [Presid 
ing  Bishop.  No,  sir.] 

300 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

After  this  it  fell  to  our  lot  as  a  church  to  pass  through  seven  long 
years  of  very  serious  and  most  regretful  internal  strife,  emerging  at 
last  into  that  now  historic  but  most  delightful  special  General  Con 
ference,  held  in  the  city  of  Naperville,  Illinois,  in  the  late  fall  of 
1894.  At  this  conference,  on  account  of  the  peculiar  character  of  the 
occasion,  it  was  with  exceptional  pleasure  that  we  had  the  honor  of 
extending  the  hand  of  welcome  to  your  chosen  representatives  to  our 
body,  in  the  persons  of  your  well  and  favorably  known  Dr.  W.  M. 
Bell  and  Dr.  G.  A.  Funkhouser.  At  that  launching  of  our  new  ship 
of  Zion,  the  coming  of  these  brethren  was  to  us  somewhat  like  an 
angel  visit,  to  bid  us  God-speed  011  our  journey.  That  visit  was 
highly  appreciated,  and  will  ever  be  remembered.  Then  again,  at  our 
General  Conference  in  the  city  of  Johnstown,  Pennsylvania,  in  the 
fall  of  1898,  came  to  us  your  genial,  racy,  and  trenchant  editor,  Dr. 
I.  L.  Kephart,  who  furnishes  you  with  such  a  strong  and  clear 
Telescope,  through  which  to  see  the  pathway  of  duty  and  open  your 
vision  toward  the  heavenly  city.  [Applause.]  We  were  highly 
pleased  to  welcome  him  into  our  midst,  to  hear  the  kindly  expression 
of  his  good  will,  and  to  feel  the  firm  grasp  of  his  warm  hand.  At  our 
last  General  Conference,  held  in  Williamsport,  Pennsylvania,  we 
were  deservedly  denied  the  pleasure  of  a  visit  from  some  member  of 
your  body,  for  the  reason  that  in  some  way  we  failed  to  instruct  our 
delegate  to  you  to  invite  the  continuance  of  these  fraternal  courtesies. 
For  this  regretful  omission  we  most  freely  take  all  the  blame  upon 
ourselves,  and  would  therefore  have  you  look  upon  it  as  merely  an 
oversight,  and  not  as  an  error  of  the  heart.  As  for  our  reciprocal  ex 
pression  to  you  from  time  to  time,  my  predecessors  have  well  spoken 
for  themselves,  and  hence,  in  turn,  I  am  only  here  to-day  to  reassure 
you  of  our  continued  fraternal  regard,  our  abiding  interest  in  your 
welfare,  and  especially  our  sincerest  wish  for  your  continued,  success 
in  helping  to  build  up  the  kingdom  of  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ.  I  am, 
furthermore,  authorized  by  our  last  General  Conference  to  invite  you 
to  continue  these  helpful  and  inspiring  quadrennial  visits  in  the 
future  as  in  the  past.  We  would  therefore  be  pleased  to  welcome  a 
representative  from  your  body  at  our  next  session,  to  be  held  in  the 
month  of  October,  190G,  in  the  beautiful  city  of  Cedar  Rapids,  Iowa. 

Thus  as  two  distinct  denominations,  each  occupying  its  own  house, 
we  have  been  living  and  operating  side  by  side  in  substantially  the 
same  territory,  geographically  speaking,  for  a  little  over  one  hundred 
years,  and  all  this  time,  perforce  of  the  burning,  bursting,  broad- 
hearted,  and  Christlike  spirit  within  us,  we  have  been  periodically 
shaking  hands  across  the  garden  fence.  Naturally  enough  we  look 
after  a  cause  for  such  an  effect.  To  find  this  we  have  not  far  to  go, 
and  need  be  in  no  doubt  as  to  the  correctness  of  our  own  conclusion. 
In  the  first,  place,  while  Albright  himself  was  not  of  foreign  birth, 
yet  his  parents  came  from  Germany,  and  so  he  and  Otterbein  were 
substantially  of  the  same  nationality.  Secondly,  while  both  of  these 

301 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL   CONFERENCE 

i 

men  were  of  the  same  generation,  and  both  were  reformers  among  the 
Germans  of  eastern  Pennsylvania  and  Maryland,  yet  neither  of  them 
started  out  with  any  intention  whatever  of  organizing  another  de 
nomination  of  Christians.  This  idea  was,  indeed,  so  far  from  their 
original  purpose  that  they  yielded  to  the  necessity  of  doing  so  at  last, 
only  in  order  to  save  the  abundant  fruitage  of  their  labors  from  dis 
integration  and  destruction.  Both  of  these  men  seem  to  us  to  have 
moved  forward  in  answer  to  the  urgent  cry  of  human  need  around 
them,  as  if  constantly  guided  by  some  unseen  yet  unerring  and  loving 
hand,  which  uncovered  to  them  but  one  step  at  a  time.  They  seemed 
not  to  have  been  much  concerned  for  consequences,  so  long  as  they 
walked  in  the  light  of  God.  They  seemed  ever  ready  to  take  the  step 
nearest  to  them,  meanwhile  always  expecting  further  orders.  They 
took  care  of  the  present,  leaving  the  future  to  take  care  of  itself. 
Such  a  sentiment  is  not  only  sweet  and  comforting,  but  it  is  also  full 
of  wisdom.  While  it  relieves  the  heart  of  unnecessary  anxiety,  it 
thereby  also  reserves  one's  strength  for  present  tasks.  Then  how 
much  better  for  us  all  to-day,  if  we  might  be  able  to  forever  lay  aside 
our  almost  endless  "whys"  and  "wherefores"  about  the  present  condi 
tion  of  things,  as  also  to  forever  dismiss  our  continous  fret  and  worry 
about  the  possible  outcome  of  things,  and  join  with  our  revered 
fathers  while  they  yet  lived,  in  breathing  with  the  poet  in  his  happy 
vein : 

"I  would  not  ask  to  know  the  future's  untried  scenes, 
If  life  be  dark  with  woe,  or  bright  with  sunny  beams ; 
I  'd  rather  walk  by  faith,  the  while  I  cannot  see, 
Leaving  all  with  Him  who  saith  he  will  our  leader  be." 

Thus  we  see  that,  from  the  very  beginning  of  our  denominational 
organizations,  even  until  this  day,  it  has  not  only  been  a  oneness  in 
belief,  and  a  consequent  congeniality  of  spirit,  but  also  a  similarity 
of  procedure,  which  have  all  along  tended  to  hold  fast  our  fraternal  re 
lations.  The  order  and  character  of  our  services,  as  well  as  the  daily 
program  of  our  various  conferences,  are  so  similar  that  a  stranger 
would  hardly  be  able  to  detect  the  difference.  In  the  process  of  the 
years,  in  common  writh  our  sister  churches,  we  have  each  had  our 
peculiar  struggles  to  encounter,  as  well  as  our  difficult  problems  to 
solve;  but  through  our  grace  and  courage  we  have  thus  far  been  able 
to  meet  and  overcome  these  emergencies,  and  are  now  moving  on,  as 
we  confidently  trust,  to  a  still  greater  and  grander  destiny.  While 
you  were  settling  the  secrecy  question  a  few  years  ago,  we  watched 
you  with  a  sympathetic  interest,  and  when,  a  little  later,  we  were 
called  upon  to  settle  the  question  of  republican  government  among 
us,  as  against  autocratic  rule,  you  watched  us  with  an  equal  interest, 
and  magnanimously  gave  to  us  the  additional  tender  of  a  kindly 
friendship.  Under  the  peculiar  circumstances  at  that  time  this  act 
was  very  highly  appreciated.  No  friendship  can  be  more  true,  and 

302 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

none  can  well  be  more  highly  cherished  than  that  which  has  been 
tested  in  the  fire,  and  which  abides  in  the  time  of  trouble.  It  is  like 
the  unfailing,  unaffected,  unalloyed,  and  undying  friendship  of  Him 
who  said,  "I  will  never  leave  thee,  nor  forsake  thee."  ~No  wonder  we 
Christians  sometimes  sing: 

"Blest  be  the  tie  that  binds 

Our  hearts  in  Christian  love ; 
The  fellowship  of  kindred  minds 
Is  like  to  that  above." 

But  among  all  other  considerations  herein  given,  or  that  might  be 
given,  as  reasons  for  our  lifelong  Christian  brotherliness,  stands  pre 
eminently  that  of  spiritual  vitality.  But  for  the  distinct,  clear, 
definite,  direct,  emphatic,  and  persistent  call  to  our  church  fathers, 
by  the  Holy  Spirit,  into  the  actual  experience  of  redeeming  grace  in 
Christ  Jesus,  it  is  not  at  all  likely  that  either  your  church  or  ours,  as 
organizations,  would  ever  have  had  an  existence.  It  was  because  Ot- 
terbein  and  Boehm,  and  Albright  and  Walter,  had  become  soundly 
converted  men,  and  therefore  enjoyed  in  their  hearts  the  unmistak 
able  "witness  of  the  Spirit"  that  all  this  has  come  to  pass.  It  re 
quired  the  vital  touch  of  divine  life  itself  to  give  us  birth.  It  takes 
life  to  beget  life.  Thus  it  was,  as  incontrovertible  history  attests, 
that  our  consecrated  church  founders,  almost  as  clearly  as  that  of  a 
"Saul  of  Tarsus,"  were  divinely  called  to  the  special  work  which 
they  so  successfully  accomplished.  But  for  this  one  bright,  blessed, 
foreshadowing,  glorious  fact  of  history  none  of  us  would  be  here  to 
day  in  this  capacity.  It  takes  a  beginning  to  insure  a  consequence.  It 
takes  a  warm  atmosphere  to  bring  forth  fruitage.  We  are  therefore 
but  the  legitimate  product  of  an  atmosphere  heated  even  to  the  de 
gree  of  intensity  by  the  burning,  shining  "Sun  of  Righteousness." 
In  those  days  of  sapless  religion,  tasteless  formality,  and  frigid 
ritualism,  this  cold  world  was  in  sad  need  of  both  fire  and  fellowship, 
and  so  the  indomitable  energy  and  overflowing  zeal  of  our  church 
fathers  seem  to  have  been  God's  own  provision  to  meet  the  emer 
gency.  This  is  why  our  two  churches  were  born  in  a  veritable  blaze  of 
glory,  wherein  kindred  hearts,  like  molten  metal,  naturally  ran  to 
gether. 

In  your  history  you  have  a  most  beautiful  and  touching  instance  of 
this  intermingling  of  hearts,  in  that  great  and  now  historic  meeting 
once  held  by  Martin  Boehm  in  a  barn  in  Lancaster  County,  Penn 
sylvania.  Otterbein,  having  previously  known  of  Boehm  and  his 
work,  but  never  before  having  seen  him,  had  come  to  hear  him  preach. 
As  the  sermon  went  on,  kindling  as  it  proceeded  into  a  flame  of  Holy 
Ghost  fire,  the  great  heart  of  Otterbein  was  so  melted  and  moved  un 
der  its  spell  and 'power  that,  at  the  close,  and  before  the  preacher  had 
time  to  resume  his  seat,  he  arose  and  embraced  him,  with  that  now 
historic  and  most  significant  expression  falling  from  his  lips,  "We  are 

303 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

brethren."  Such  was  and  still  is  the  wonderful  work  of  the  Holy 
Spirit,  and  reminds  us  of  that  equally  wonderful  heart-burst  of  St. 
Paul  to  the  Ephesiaii  church,  "In  whom  also,  after  that  ye  believed, 
ye  were  sealed  with  that  holy  Spirit  of  promise,  which  is  the  earnest 
of  our  inheritance  until  the  redemption  of  the  purchased  possession, 
unto  the  praise  of  his  glory."  But  in  this  connection,  and  before  we 
lose  sight  of  this  sweet  incident  of  years  long  past,  we  United  Evan 
gelicals  would  have  you  remember  that  we  were  born  in  the  very 
same  atmosphere,  were  sealed  with  the  same  Spirit,  were  reared 
around  the  same  table,  and  were  recipients  of  the  same  glory;  and 
this  is  why  we  are  all  "brethren." 

So  it  now  is  that  the  wheels  once  set  in  motion  by  our  fathers  are 
still  rolling  on  with  the  ever-rolling  years,  and  all  they  need  to  keep 
them  in  perpetual  motion,  with  constantly  increasing  momentum  till 
the  end  of 'time,  is  plenty  of  the  sweet  oil  of  the  grace  of  God  on  their 
spindles.  [Laughter.]  To-day,  after  a  fierce  battle  against  wind  and 
tide  for  over  a  hundred  years,  we  still  stand  side  by  side  as  strong, 
hearty,  stalwart  plants  in  God's  vineyard,  whose  roots  strike  down 
deep  into  the  same  soil,  and  whose  buds  and  petals,  blossoms  and 
fruitage,  are  continually  bursting  and  reaching  upward  toward  the 
same  heavenly  garner  of  unruffled  peace  and  unfading  love.  [Amen.] 
With  such  a  beginning,  and  with  such  a  record,  what  should  our  fur 
ther  progress  and  the  final  ending  be?  While  this  is  a  grave  ques 
tion,  it  is  nevertheless  easily  answered.  Let  us  "put  on  the  whole 
armour  of  God,"  as  good  soldiers  of  the  Cross,  and  continue  to  "war 
a  good  warfare."  Let  us  be  true  to  God,  true  to  his  Word,  true  to  our 
mission,  true  to  ourselves,  true  to  each  other,  and  true  to  the  end.  We 
need  not  waste  our  strength  in  striving  "about  words  to  no  profit." 
It  is  enough  that  we  faithfully  follow  in  the  footsteps  of  Jesus.  "And 
let  us  not  be  weary  in  well  doing:  for  in  due  season  we  shall  reap,  if 
we  faint  not."  As  to 

THE    QUESTION    OF    ORGANIC    UNION 

between  us,  which  has  been  more  or  less  under  discussion  in  past 
years,  in  view  of  the  friendly  attitude  we  have  always  maintained  with 
each  other,  it  seems  indeed  a  little  strange  that  still  closer  relations 
have  somehow  never  been  effected.  But  as  God's  ways  are  "higher 
than  our  ways,"  and  "his  thoughts"  than  "our  thoughts,"  maybe  he 
would  not  have  it  so.  If  he  ever  would,  he  will  undoubtedly  then 
make  the  pathway  of  duty  so  plain  that  none  need  mistake  it.  On 
this  question  I  am  not  here  with  authority  to  make  any  overtures  at 
this  time,  nor  to  give  any  expression  whatever.  If  I  know  the  pulse 
of  my  church,  however,  we  would  not  have  our  hesitancy  of  some  time 
ago  to  join  your  present  movement  toward  organic  union  with  several 
of  our  sister  churches,  to  be  in  any  way  misinterpreted.  It  was  by  no 
means  because  of  any  weakening  of  the  bonds  of  Christian  .fraternity 

304 


UXITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

on  our  part  that  we  held  aloof,  but  our  people,  having  just  passed 
through  ten  years  of  worrying  uneasiness  and  uncertainty  as  to 
their  future,  were  at  that  time  in  great  need  of  absolute  rest  from  all 
agitation  of  all  kinds.  Knowing,  furthermore,  that  it  would  neces 
sarily  be  a  question  of  several  years  of  discussion  and  deliberation 
before  consummation  could  be  reached,  whatever  might  be  the  result, 
we  therefore  considered  it  the  part  of  wisdom,  for  the  time  being  at 
least,  to  "let  well  enough  alone."  Meanwhile  we  are  watching  the 
progress  of  your  movement  with  intense  interest,  and  are  praying  that 
God  may  direct  your  every  step,  that  no  serious  mistakes  may  be  made, 
and  that  the  finality  may  be  such,  when  it  is  reached,  as  to  conserve 
the  best  interests  of  all  concerned. 

As  to  our  numerical  growth  as  Christian  denominations,  we  have 
both,  for  some  reason,  in  late  years  made  a  much  better  record  finan 
cially  than  we  have  spiritually.  You  are  to  be  especially  congratulated 
on  your  recent  success  in  unloading  your  missionary  debt ;  on  your 
late  generous  contributions  to  your  educational  institutions ;  on  the 
splendid  increase  of  over  two  million  dollars  in  the  aggregate  value 
of  your  church  property  within  the  past  eight  or  ten  years ;  and  last, 
but  not  least,  on  the  exceptionally  fine  Publishing  House  you  have  so 
recently  erected.  I  would  like  to  go  down  and  take  the  hand  of  Dr. 
Funk  on  that.  [Applause.]  Well,  I  might  just  as  well  inject  here 
that  we  are  adding  a  twenty-five  thousand  dollar  addition  this  year 
to  our  own  in  Harrisburg.  Along  these  same  lines  we  also 
think  we  have  made  a  very  creditable  showing  during  the  past  ten 
years.  Having  lost  nearly  all  our  property  during  our  late  internal 
strife,  after  having  spent  scores  of  thousands  in  litigation,  we  were 
compelled  to  build  anew,  and  hence  there  followed  one  of  the  most  re 
markable  church-  and  parsonage-building  eras,  compared  to  the  num 
ber  of  workers,  perhaps  ever  known  of  in  denominational  history. 
We  have  built  modernly,  conveniently  and,  in  many  instances,  costly 
churches,  ranging  all  the  way  from  five  thousand  to  sixty  thousand 
dollars  each,  until  we  now  have  already  an  aggregate  church  and  par 
sonage  property  value  of  about  three  million  dollars.  We  have  also 
built  many  presiding  elder  district  houses,  so  that  our  ministers,  as  a 
rule,  now  have  modern  and  convenient  homes  in  which  to  live.  The 
best  part  of  the  story,  however,  is  that  most  of  these  churches  are  al 
ready  paid  for,  and  nearly  all  the  rest  are  in  easy  financial  condition. 
[Applause.]  Our  missionary  treasury  is  also  free  from  debt,  and  we 
are  now  replenishing  it  at  the  rate  of  about  one  hundred  thousand 
dollars  a  year.  [Dr.  Funk.  Good.]  [Applause.]  This  makes  an 
average  missionary  contribution  per  member  throughout  the  entire 
church  of  about  $1.50  [applause],  and  yet  we  have  no  active  general 
missionary  secretary  in  the  field.  [Applause.]  If  you  can  excel  that, 
we  would  be  pleased  to  hear  your  report.  [Applause.]  We  also  pay 
our  preachers  an  average  salary  throughout  the  entire  church  of 
nearly  $500  a  year,  this  average,  however,  being  much  higher  in  some 

305 

20 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

of  the  individual  conferences.  During  the  past  ten  years  we  have  also 
planted  a  most  promising  mission  in  Changsha,  Hunan  Province, 
China,  consisting  at  this  time  of  nine  missionaries  sent  from  the 
homeland,  besides  the  native  helpers.  In  reference  to  our  publishing 
interests,  an  arm  of  any  church  so  vital  to  her  progress,  we  already 
have  a  fine  publishing  plant  and  book  emporium,  located  right  in  the 
heart  of  the  city  of  Harrisburg,  Pennsylvania,  valued  at  least  at  not 
less  than  $150,000.  We  like  our  present  polity  very  much,  and  it  is 
not  likely  that  any  very  significant  change  will  be  made  for  many 
years  to  come. 

As  to  our  increase  in  church  membership  since  the  launching  of  our 
new  ship,  in  1894,  we  have  by  no  means  advanced  as  fast  as  we 
should  have  done,  but,  after  all,  compared  to  the  slow  progress  made 
by  some  of  our  sister  denominations  during  this  same  period,  we 
have  no  reason  for  complaint.  Having  emerged  from  our  terrible  or 
deal  of  a  few  years  ago,  with  a  membership  of  only  a  trifle  over  50,- 
000,  as  finally  determined  in  1895,  we  have  thus  far  lifted  this  figure 
up  to  about  67,000,  thus  aggregating  a  total  net  gain  since  that  time 
of  about  17,000.  This  gives  us  an  average  annual  net  increase  during 
the  past  decade  of  years  of  1,700  members.  But  now,  brethren,  on 
this  one  vital  point  of  saving  perishing  souls  and  populating  heaven, 
neither  of  us,  in  proportion  to  the  money,  strength,  and  time  we 
spend,  are  advancing  as  fast  as  we  ought  to  advance.  [Voice.  That  is 
true.]  Our  numerical  progress  is  much  too  slow ;  and  yet  we  dare  not 
adopt  the  false  idea,  nowadays  only  too  prevalent,  that  strength  con 
sists  chiefly  in  numbers.  It  is  vastly  easier  to  enroll  mere  names 
than  it  is  to  capture  truly  penitent  hearts.  But  what  is  the  use  in 
loading  our  lists  with  a  great  quantity  of  spurious  material  which 
must  necessarily  be  overthrown  just  this  side  of  heaven's  gate  ?  God 
save  us  from  any  such  deception.  [Amen.]  May  we  never  forget 
that  it  requires  quality  to  stand  the  merciless  scrutiny  of  the  coming 
judgment,  and  then  pass  on  through  the  gates  into  the  city.  It  is 
possibly  the  great  emphasis  we  have  both  laid  on  the  idea  of  quality, 
rather  than  quantity,  all  through  our  one  hundred  years  of  history, 
that  has  more  or  less  all  along  retarded  our  numerical  growth.  But 
if  this  is  so,  be  it  said  to  our  praise,  rather  than  otherwise.  We  must 
never  be  found  guilty  of  doing  much  work  at  the  awful  expense  of 
good  work.  You  will  remember  how  our  blessed  Lord  himself  drew 
that  line  in  his  Sermon  on  the  Mount.  We  dare  not  lay  down  all  the 
bars,  and  make  the  gateway  wide,  only  to  accommodate  the  crowds. 
That  is  the  gate  that  "leadeth  to  destruction."  It  is  only  the  "narrow 
way"  which  "leadeth  unto  life,  and  few  there  be  that  find  it."  If  we 
are  but  comparatively  "few,"  we  should  nevertheless  never  forget 
that,  while  "many  are  called,  but  few  are  chosen."  It  is  a  great  thing 
to  have  numbers,  but  it  is  a  greater  and  better  thing  to  have 
"quality"  and  "character."  These  charming  twin  sisters, 
bright  as  a  springtime  morning  and  sweet  as  a  summer  evening,  con- 

306 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

stitute  the  greatest  need  of  the  church  and  the  world  to-day.  They 
were  set  like  shining  gems  in  the  marching  slogan  of  our  church 
fathers.  In  the  wake  of  that  flag,  beautiful  emblem  of  the  Man  of 
Calvary,  they  went  out  to  battle  and  on  to  victory.  It  is  good  enough 
for  us.  It  has  never  lost  its  charm.  It  comes  down  to  us  as  a  precious 
legacy.  May  it  ever  lead  us  on  through  the  battles  yet  to  come,  until 
behind  its  waving  folds  we  shall  at  last  march  together  through  the 
gates  into  the  beautiful  city  of  God.  [Applause.] 

BISHOP  STANFORD.  That  would  not  be  hard  for  you,  but  it  is  very 
hard  for  us ;  you  know  that  you  are  so  much  larger. 

The  Arion  Quartet  favored  the  Conference  with  the  song,  "I  have 
heard  of  the  land  on  the  far-away  strand." 

BISHOP  STANFORD.    Praise  the  Lord. 

Great  applause  followed  the  singing. 

DR.  W.  E.  SCHELL,  of  East  Nebraska.  I  desire  to  present  the  fol 
lowing  resolution : 

We  hereby  express  our  deep  appreciation  of  the  presence  of  Bishop 
Stanford,  of  the  United'  Evangelical  Church.  We  have  heard  with  joy 
his  inspiring  fraternal  address,  and  we  hereby  ask  our  Board  of 
Bishops  to  appoint  a  delegate  to  bear  the  fraternal  greetings  of  the 
United  Brethren  in  Christ  to  the  General  Conference  above  named, 
to  meet  at  Cedar  Rapids,  Iowa,  in  October,  1906. 

W.  E.  SCHELL. 
C.  S.  LONG. 

The  resolution  was  adopted. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Brethren  of  the  Conference,  there  is  a 
brother  here  whom  I  have  known  for  the  past  twenty  years,  and 
walked  in  delightful  Christian  fellowship  with  him,  an  honored  rep 
resentative  of  the  Evangelical  Association.  He  comes  to  bear  the 
greeting  of  that  body  to  you.  Rev.  Dr.  Kanaga  will  now  speak  to  you. 

REV.  J.  B.  KANAGA,  of  Tiffin,  Ohio.  Mr.  President,  brethren,  and 
that  other  inevitable  element  of  the  comprehensive  brothers  to  you, 
sisters,  I  am  glad  that  I  am  compelled  to  put  that  in  after  the  admir 
able  and  courteous  example  that  preceded  me.  I  bring  to  you  the  greet 
ings  of  the  General  Conference  of  the  Evangelical  Association,  and 
ask  in  return  the  reciprocal  courtesy  from  you,  assuring  the  brother 
or  sister,  whoever  the  representative  may^  be,  a  cordial  greeting  and 
appreciative  hearing.  Let  me  say,  before  proceeding,  that  I  enjoyed 
with  you  the  admirable  fraternal  address  we  have  heard.  A  little 
while  before  our  denominational  unpleasantness,  as  a  pastor  in  Cleve- 

307 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

land,  it  was  my  happy  pleasure  to  hear  the  voice  of  Bishop  Stanford 
in  my  pulpit  one  night,  then  in  the  relation  of  just  retiring  from  the 
assistant  editorship  of  our  Evangelical  Messenger.  What  he  has 
said  in  regard  to  that  relation  of  your  organic  union  movement  I 
think  I  am  authorized  to  adopt,  yet  I  have  no  authorization  upon  the 
subject  at  all,  but  I  take  the  liberty  of  doing  so,  and,  if  they  needed 
the  period  of  rest,  I  am  quite  sure  we  needed  that  [applause],  and  I 
hope  that,  since  God  has  given  us  rest,  a  little  later — may  it  come 
speedily — he  will  give  us  reunion.  [Applause.]  If  that  reunion  shall 
put  Bishop  Stanford  upon  the  episcopal  throne  of  the  reunited  Evan 
gelical  Association,  I  shall  be  glad  to  take  an  appointment  from  his 
hands.  Now  I  feel  that  it  would  not  be  wise  to  reiterate  much  ad 
mirable  historic  matter  that  has  been  presented  in  the  fine  historic 
study.  I  might  mention  possibly  our  relation  in  a  historic  way  with 
the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  in  contrast  with  your  historic  incep 
tion  continuing  from  the  Reformed  Church,  although  I  know  you  are 
a  little  related  to  Methodism  and  we  are  related  to  both.  You  know 
that  Otterbein  was  asked  to  officiate  and  assist  in  ordaining  Asbury 
and  to  reciprocate  Asbury  preached  the  funeral  of  Otterbein. 

REV.  j.  B.  KANAGA'S  FRATERNAL  ADDRESS. 

The  Church  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ  and  the  Evangelical 
Association  are  so  similar  in  creed  and  ecclesiastical  structure  that 
cordial  relations  should  ever  exist  between  them.  Coming  into  exis 
tence  at  about  the  same  time  and  place,  they  had  the  same  spirit  and 
purpose,  though  of  different  historical  antecedents.  The  Rev.  Jacob 
Albright,  our  founder  and  first  bishop,  after  his  conversion,  united 
with  the  Methodist  Church.  He  was  satisfied  and  happy  in  the  fel 
lowship  of  this  church.  However,  he  was  a  German,  and  felt  it  to  be 
his  duty  to  extend  the  work  of  his  church  and  Lord  among  the  Ger 
mans  of  eastern  Pennsylvania.  Confining  his  ministry  to  them,  he 
lost  his  membership  in  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church,  but  their 
discipline  he  had  translated  into  German  and  operated  the  same 
methods  on  the  basis  of  their  doctrine  and  polity.  Traditions  of  our 
original  relations  to  Methodism  have  come  down  with  us  to  this  day, 
and  have  influenced  our  church  life  in  recent  decades.  The  religious 
experience  and  revival  expedients  of  Otterbein  were  identical  with 
those  of  Albright.  Otterbein,  with  all  his  culture  and  qualification 
for  the  ministry,  yet  lacked  the  organizing  genius  of  John  Wesley 
and  Francis  Asbury;  and  both  he  and  Albright,  like  the  great  Whit- 
field,  seemed  content  to  shake  the  tree  while  others  gathered  the  fruit, 
And  through  all  the  years  these  denominations  have  contributed  a 

308 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

large  and  valuable  element  to  the  church  life  around  them.  This  was 
cheerfully  conceded  in  a  conversation  I  had  recently  with  a  bishop  of 
the  Protestant  Episcopal  Church. 

If  Otterbein  was  a  man  of  rare  character  and  qualification,  others 
of  like  gifts  and  grace  have  been  raised  up  among  you.  How  well  the 
episcopal  leadership  and  flaming  evangelism  of  Newcomer  were 
adapted  to  this  apostolic  succession.  And  Edwards,  the  prophet  Elijah 
of  your  Israel,  and  Glossbrenner,  the  Saint  John  of  your  episcopacy, 
are  names  worthy  of  being  linked  with  the  indescribable  Weaver. 
And  the  high  character  and  noble  achievements  of  the  men  now  at 
the  head  of  your  hosts  still  honor  this  high  and  holy  office  of  the 
church  of  God. 

The  resignation  of  the  high  commission  which  was  given  the  two 
older  bishops  was  a  memorable  scene  in  your  General  Conference. 
The  one  a  Barnabas,  a  sweet-souled,  saintly  man,  full  of  faith  and  of 
the  Holy  Ghost :  the  other  a  man  of  culture  and  judicial  mind,  a  man 
with  whom  a  Plato  or  a  Paul  would  have  loved  to  linger  in  converse 
on  highest  themes.  When  he  came  to  his  high  office  the  church  was 
in  the  midst  of  a  storm  period,  and  I  believe  he  was  raised  up  of  God 
to  a  new  era  of  larger  life  and  growth.  They  did  not  step  down  and 
out.  From  a  high  place  in  your  history  their  beneficent  influence  will 
shine  out  ever  over  all  the  Church.  You  honor  them  in  life,  and  God 
will  in  death. 

Bishop  E.  R.  Hendrix  says  the  real  progress  of  the  race  is  due  to 
the  domination  of  the  superior  mind.  Emerson  says  great  men  exist 
that  there  might  be  greater.  Their  genuine  leadership  may  be  ques 
tioned  during  their  lives,  and  a  cross  may  block  the  way  to  a  peaceful 
death,  but  such  men  reign  whether  from  the  scaffold  or  the  throne; 
"the  dead  but  sceptered  sovereigns,  who  still  rule  our  spirits  from 
their  urns."  We  make  them  our  heroes,  sooner  or  later,  usually  later, 
and  we  praise  in  them  what  we  find  most  lacking  in  the  common  run 
of  men.  God  never  uttered  a  word  in  disparagement  of  the  dignity  of 
human  nature.  He  put  eternal  honor  upon  it  in  the  incarnation  of 
our  Lord.  It  has  been  well  said  that  the  glory  of  God  is  the  living 
man,  and  the  life  of  man  is  the  vision  of  God.  Man  himself  is  a  reve 
lation,  the  revelation  of  nature  come  to  consciousness  and  asking  to 
know  the  origin  of  things,  and,  above  all,  the  origin  of  the  human 
spirit,  between  which  and  material  nature  there  is  a  wider  gulf  than 
between  the  human  spirit  and,  the  Father  of  spirits.  We  are  nearer 
related  to  Deity  than  to  dust. 

If  the  production  of  noble  and  exalted  character  is  the  highest 
function  of  church  or  state,  then  the  United  Brethren  Church  has  been 
eminently  useful  in  all  her  history.  The  production  of  Christian 
character  has  been  her  specialty  all  along,  and  since  goodness  is  the 
highest  type  of  greatness,  the  fruits  of  your  denominational  enter 
prise  and  activity  have  been  of  the  kind  over  which  the  angels  in 
heaven  rejoice,  which  defeats  the  devil  and  changes  the  count  of  God's 

309 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

elect  above.  As  the  field  of  your  Church  operations  is  enlarging  and 
your  energy  of  expansion  abounding,  you  will  need  some  new  acces 
sions  to  your  denominational  leadership,  as  it  appears,  and  you  have 
the  men  ripe  and  ready.  That  is  why  I  am  so  bold,  standing  here 
with  a  manuscript  in  the  midst  of  the  rush  of  General  Conference 
business,  for  you  don't  dare  to  shoot  at  me,  lest  you  hit  a  bishop,  and 
I  don't  dare  to  shoot  at  you,  lest  I  might  hit  one.  [Applause.]  It  is 
said  that  nature  never  sends  a  great  man  into  the  world  without  con 
fiding  the  secret  to  another  soul.  There  are  a  good  many  of  you  who 
think  you  have  the  secret.  I  hope  the  result  will  be  harmonious. 

The  intelligence  of  this  General  Conference  can  be  safely  trusted  to 
discern  the  choice  spirits  whom  God  has  raised  up  among  you.  A 
General  Conference  is  a  kind  of  day  of  judgment  to  general  officers 
[laughter],  and  it  may  withal  be  a  supreme  test  of  the  capacity  of  a 
denomination  to  respond  to  the  best  embodiment  of  spiritual  impulse 
and  intelligence  and  ecclesiastical  wisdom  which  its  leaders  exemplify. 
If,  as  has  been  suggested  by  one  of  your  bishops,  you  put  the  em 
phasis  of  administration  and  effort  on  aggressive  evangelism,  then  I 
predict  a  quadrennium  of  glorious  increase  in  membership  and  ma 
terial  resources.  May  I  revise  that,  for  I  now  recall  that  admirable 
article  that  Bishop  Mathews  wrote  in  the  Telescope  while  the  sainted 
Glossbrenner  and  Hott  and  Weaver  in  saintly  shadows  were  hovering 
about  him,  emphasizing  the  fact  that  evangelism  ought  to  be  your 
specialty  all  the  time  and  in  every  quadrennium.  May  God  exercise 
his  judgment  in  your  church  life.  A  religious  awakening  as  wide  as 
the  world  is  the  need  of  the  day,  and  this  alone  can  give  the  swing  of 
victory  to  the  church  of  God  and  make  this  old  world  leap  higher  and 
the  generations  advance.  We  hail  with  fond  hope  the  coming  of  the 
day  when  revivals  like  those  in  Atlanta  and  Denver,  and  in  Wales  and 
London,  shall  be  the  order  of  the  day  everywhere. 

I  congratulate  this  General  Conference  and  the  Church  on  your 
position  on  the  dominant  moral  issues  of  the  day.  You  will  utter  an 
emphatic  remonstrance  against  the  tyranny  of  unscrupulous  corpora 
tions  in  riding  rough-shod  over  the  rights  of  individual  enterprise. 
Our  commercial  liberty  is  in  danger  of  invasion  and  overthrow.  A 
prominent  English  statesman  said  that  while  they  had  one  king,  we 
liad  half  a  dozen  over  here.  The  Bible  says  the  "righteous  are  bold  as 
a  lion."  If  you  want  to  see  that  illustrated  in  current  events,  look  at 
Governor  Hoch  as  he  rises  up  against  this  ugly,  oily  old  Amalekite  of 
the  age. 

On  the  temperance  issue  you  will  utter  no  uncertain  sound.  The  is 
sue  is  now  sharply  drawn  in  Ohio  and  Illinois.  The  fight  is  on,  and 
will  not  end  till  it  ends  in  victory  for  God,  and  home,  and  native  land. 
We  have  in  Ohio  a  governor  who  has  disgraced  our  State  by  his  sub 
serviency  to  the  political  boss  and  the  saloon.  Any  man,  whatever  his 
gifts  or  position,  who  prostitutes  his  office  to  protect  the  saloon  ought 
to  be  shot  through  and  through  with  the  volleys  of  the  people's  ab- 

310 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

horrence.  Hear  the  end  of  it.  I  don't  want  you  to  think  I  am  anar 
chistic  or  nihilistic  in  my  proclivities.  But  I  need  not  exhort  you 
who  see  the  situation  through  the  Religious  Telescope.,  and  are  edu 
cated  on  all  moral  issues,  and  have  the  grace,  the  grit,  and  the  gump 
tion  to  look  the  devil  in  the  face  and  tell  him  he  is  a  devil.  With  ade 
quate  recognition  of  all  the  forces  of  evil  around  us,  the  cause  of  God 
is  surely  advancing  against  all  odds  and  enemies.  In  our  political 
life  there  is  an  awakening  of  conscience  and  a  process  of  regeneration. 
The  new  governor  of  Missouri  was  elected  on  one  plank  of  the  plat 
form  God  gave  to  Moses  on  Mt.  Sinai,  "Thou  shalt  not  steal."  It  was 
old  in  the  day  of  Moses,  but  the  newest  thing  that  Missouri  had  ever 
heard  when  Governor  Folk  rose  up  and  said  to  the  boodlers  of  St. 
Louis,  "Thou  shalt  not  steal."  [Applause.]  And  on  that  plank  he  was 
elected.  [Applause.]  And  the  fact  that  Theodore  Roosevelt  can  see 
and  scent  corruption  from  afar  gave  him  the  unprecedented  majority 
with  which  the  nation  indorsed  high  character  and  moral  courage  in 
its  chief  executive.  [Applause.] 

Now,  I  thought  just  before  rising,  looking  about  this  room  to  an 
honored  name  yonder,  suggestive  of  moral  heroism,  John  Brown,  and 
remembering  that  you  are  on  the  soil  of  Kansas,  the  very  State  House 
of  which'  embodies  the  efforts  of  the  political  economy  that  discrim 
inates  against  the  saloon  in  favor  of  universal  prosperity,  that  you 
will  give  us  such  an  utterance  on  the  temperance  question  that  will 
make  the  nations  rejoice.  You  know  there  are  two  nations  in  this 
country — the  Carrie,  and  then  the  other  nation.  I  have  enjoyed 
heartily  this  service.  I  am  glad  to  be  here  to  see  you  and  to  know  you 
still  better.  Though  my  introduction  was  delayed,  I  just  introduced 
myself  to  everybody,  particularly  to  the  man  who  greeted  me  heartily 
and  said,  "I  understand  this  is  Booker  T.  Washington."  [Laughter.] 
It  reminded  me  of  the  courtesy  that  once  came  to  a  governor  of  our 
State,  Thomas  Corwin.  He  said  once,  when  he  came  to  a  town  in 
central  Ohio,  that  he  had  just  had  the  funniest  compliment  from  a 
lady  he  had  ever  received  in  his  life ;  she  said  he  was  the  handsomest 
man  she  ever  saw;  in  fact,  the  handsomest  colored  man  she  ever  saw. 
Well,  we  know  each  other  better,  and  yet,  referring  to  the  mistake  of 
the  brother,  I  hold  the  name  of  JBooker  T.  Washington  in  utmost 
honor,  and  would  rather  any  time  be  mistaken  for  Booker  T.  Wash 
ington  than  any  man,  whatever  his  complexion,  who  had  the  littleness 
to  criticise  the  President  because  he  asked  him  to  dine  with  him,  as 
a  tribute  to  his  intellect  as  well  as  to  his  color.  I  hope  the  Lord  will 
bless  you  in  your  proceedings  and  make  the  outcome  of  this  be  satis 
factory  to  the  entire  Church  in  the  coming  years. 

I  am  glad  to  see  you  and  to  say  that  we  stand  just  where  we  did, 
old  fashioned  in  our  church  life  and  view;  and  in  our  forms  of  wor 
ship  we  are  very  similar  to  the  past.  We  have  a  few  people  who  will 
not  kneel.  I  find  that  the  trouble  is  not  so  much  in  the  way  that  the 
churches  are  built  as  the  way  that  they  are  built;  and  we  believe  that 

311 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

you  might  all  come  perhaps  to  your  knees  occasionally  with  profit  in 
a  penitent  mood.  But  whatever  be  your  form,  have  the  spirit  of  de 
votion.  [Voices.  Amen.]  And  be  sure  that  you  pray  like  one  who 
believes  he  is  living  in  the  vicinity  of  the  throne  of  grace,  and  make 
connection  sure,  then  the  form  will  not  be  so  vital,  possibly.  God 
bless  you  all.  I  appreciate  this  splendid  courtesy  and  your  extraor 
dinary  patience  even  in  listening  to  these  rambling  remarks  after  such 
an  admirable,  historic  study  and  interesting  effort  on  the  part  of  my 
beloved  and  honored  brother  in  Christ.  God  bless  you.  [Applause.] 

Great  applause  followed  this  address. 

BISHOP  MATHEWS.  I  think  you  will  excuse  me  if  I  read  a  paper 
that  will  cover  the  ground  of  the  other  resolution : 

Inasmuch  as  the  General  Conference  has  been  honored  with  the 
presence  of  Ex-Bishop  W.  M.  Stanford,  D.  D.,  of  Harrisburg,  Pa., 
representing  the  United  Evangelical  Church,  and  Rev.  J.  B.  Kanaga, 
A.  M.,  of  Tiffin,  Ohio,  bearing  the  greetings  of  the  Evangelical  As 
sociation,  we  hereby  express  our  highest  appreciation  of  the  fraternal 
greetings  so  ably  and  eloquently  brought  to  us  by  these  distinguished 
leaders  of  their  denominations.  We  also  take  pleasure  in  reciprocat 
ing  the  sweet  spirit  of  Christian  fellowship  and  good  wishes  voiced 
by  our  honored  guests  on  this  occasion,  and  most  sincerely  bid  our 
two  sister  denominations,  through  their  appointed  representatives, 
God-speed  in  their  effort  and  mission  to  spread  scriptural  holiness, 
emphasize  spiritual  Christianity,  build  up  personal  righteousness, 
and  hasten  the  coming  of  the  universal  dominion  of  the  kingdom  of 
God  on  earth.  May  we  all  join  hands  as  denominations  in  emphasiz 
ing  personal  and  general  evangelism  in  the  earth,  so  that  the  perish 
ing  millions  in  home  and  foreign  fields  shall  be  speedily  won  to  God, 
and  the  crown  of  universal  kingship  shall  be  placed  upon  the  brow 
of  our  common  Lord  and  Savior. 

We  recommend  that  fraternal  delegates  be  selected  by  this  body  to 
represent  our  own  Church  at  the  next  General  Conferences  of  the 
Evangelical  Association  and  the  United  Evangelical  Church,  wher 
ever  they  shall  meet  in  their  quadrennial  sessions. 

G.  M.  MATHEWS. 
X.  CASTLE. 

The  resolution  was  agreed  to. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Brethren  of  the  Conference,  this  is  a  rep 
resentative  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church,  a  man  who  has  been 
associated  with  some  of  the  most  advanced  movements  of  that  church, 
one  of  the  most  distinguished  bishops  of  that  church,  Rev.  Dr.  Hamil 
ton,  I  now  present  to  you. 

REV.  JOHN  W.  HAMILTON,  D.  D.,  of  San  Erancisco,  California.  Mr. 
Chairman  and  Brothers :  I  am  charged  with  no  commission.  Passing 

312 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

through  your  city,  I  am  here  simply  by  the  force  of  atmospheric  pres 
sure  which  is  fast  bringing  us  all  into  one  fellowship.  I  am  so  much 
in  sympathy  with  the  spirit  of  union  that  is  in  the  atmosphere  that  I 
could  not  refrain  from  coming  in  here  simply  to  let  you  know  which 
side  I  am  on.  [Applause.]  Our  great  family  has  many  heads,  but 
only  one  heart.  We  are  not  rejoicing  so  much  in  our  differences  as  in 
our  agreements.  We  had  a  couple  of  colored  brethren  in  the  South 
when  I  was  in  the  educational  work  there  that  did  rather  boast  of 
their  differences,  a  Methodist  and  Baptist  brother  in  con 
troversy.  One  of  them  was  trying  to  tell  which  was  the  bigger  church 
and  the  other  was  trying  to  answer  him.  One  of  them  said  he  knew 
his  was  the  biggest,  because  there  were  sixteen  divisions  among  them 
and  only  thirteen  among  the  other  one.  [Laughter.]  Oh,  it  is  in  the 
air  for  us  to  get  together  [voices,  Amen]  and  follow  fast  after  our 
common  Lord,  in  his  spirit  to  do  his  work.  [Amen.]  I  would  not 
be  true  to  my  knowledge  of  your  history  if  I  did  not  in  this  presence 
acknowledge  that  a  very  large  share  of  our  apostolic  success  came 
from  the  venerable  brother  of  your  Church  who  assisted  in  the  ordin 
ation  of  our  first  bishop  in  this  country.  [Great  applause.]  I  think 
if  we  can  go  back  to  the  days  of  the  fathers  and  court  the  spirit  of 
the  conference  when  Mr.  Otterbein  joined  with  our  presbyters  in  the 
ordination  of  Asbury,  we  will  be  getting  into  such  fellowship  as  will 
enable  us  to  do  the  work  of  the  Master  better  than  we  have  ever  done 
it  before.  [Voices,  Amen.]  All  hail  to  one  hundred  years  ago,  and 
when  our  lips  are  done  may  there  be  millions  more  rejoicing  in  the 
one  hundred  years  to  come.  [Great  applause.] 

REV.   H.    DEAL,  of   Minnesota   Conference.     I   rise   to    present    an 
amendment  to  the  report  on  memoirs : 

WHEREAS,  We  have  so  many  names  on  our  list  of  memorials,  there 
fore, 

Resolved,  That  the  speakers  chosen  to  speak  for  these  brethren  be 
limited  to  five  minutes  each.  „ 

H.  DEAL. 
GEO.  P.  HOTT. 
The  amendment  was  adopted. 

DR.  TRUEBLOOD,  of  l^orthera  Illinois  Conference.     I  offer  the  fol 
lowing  : 

.Resolved,  That  the  service  arranged  for  Miss  Eva  Marshall  Shontz, 
of  Chicago,  president  of  the  Young  People's  Christian  Temperance 

313 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

Union,  to  be  held  on  Sunday  morning  at  eight  o'clock,  in  the  Audi 
torium,  be  made  a  part  of  this  General  Conference  program. 

Signed  by  Dr.  Trueblood  and  others. 

On  motion  of  Rev.  A.  P.  Funkhouser,  this  was  referred  to  the  Com 
mittee  on  Order  of  Business. 

DR.  D.  Pi.  MILLER,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  I  hold  in  my  hand  a 
communication  to  this  General  Conference,  signed  by  Wm.  Hayes 
Ward,  of  the  Congregational  Church,  and  many  others  interested  in 
church  federation.  This  pertains  to  the  federation  of  all  the  evan 
gelical  churches  in  this  country  and  speaks  for  the  importance  of 
holding  a  general  conference  of  such  churches.  I  wish  to  have  the 
secretary  read  it  to  this  Conference  for  action. 

Assistant  Secretary  Schaeffer  read  the  paper,  as  follows : 

To  the  General  Conference  of  the  United  Brethren  Church. 

FATHERS  AND  BRETHREN  :  Permit  us  to  address  you  on  the  subject 
of  the  cooperative  relationship  of  the  churches  of  Jesus  Christ  in 
Christian  work. 

The  National  Federation  of  Churches  and  Christian  workers  has 
for  its  object  to  promote  the  cooperation  of  churches  of  various  com 
munions  through  the  formation  of  state  and  local  federations  in  or 
der  to  secure  united  and  effective  churches  and  communities.  In  the 
four  years  of  its  existence  the  National  Federation  has  accomplished 
much  in  fostering  the  principles  and  giving  an  impetus  to  the  prac 
tical  workings  of  federation.  In  a  number  of  cities  and  towns  the 
federated  churches  have  in  concerted  effort  taken  a  religious  census 
of  the  population,  organized  successful  cooperative  parish  work,  dis 
covered  and  directed  to  the  churches  of  their  choice  families  that  had 
dropped  away  from  church  attendance,  and  thus  saved  many  who 
otherwise  would  have  been  utterly  lost  to  the  churches.  In  some 
cities  the  work  of  local  federations  has  been  directed  to  the  concen 
tration  of  effort  for  the  removal  of  social  evils,  the  cleansing  of  the 
centers  of  vice  and  corruption,  and  the  promotion  of  temperance, 
Sabbath  observance,  and  general  morality.  The  affiliation  of  the 
local  ^churches  has  often  proved  a  beneficent  moral  force  in  the  ad 
ministration  of  civic  affairs.  In  a  number  of  the  States,  the  National 
Federation  has  aided  in  the  formation  of  State  organizations,  which 
direct  the  work  in  their  several  States.  This  has  required  the  ap 
proval  and  aid  of  the  State  synods,  conferences,  and  conventions  of 
the  several  denominations,  and  their  cooperation  has  been  freely 
given.  These  State  and  local  federations  have  made  somewhat  clearer 
to  the  world  outside  what  is  the  essential  unity  which  underlies  de 
nominational  diversity. 

We  believe  that  the  growing  interest  in  federation  and  the  wide- 

314 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

spread  conviction  of  the  great  possibilities  contained  in  federative 
movements  indicate  that  the  time  is  opportune  for  the  extension  and 
strengthening  of  the  principles  of  federation.  A  national  secretary 
like  ours,  however,  cannot  undertake  the  immense  task  of  organizing 
cooperative  work  in  the  thousands  of  cities  and  tens  of  thousands  of 
towns  in  our  country.  It  has  neither  authority  nor  desire  to  inter 
vene  in  the  great  questions  which  vitally  concern  the  various  denom 
inations  as  denominations.  We  believe  that  the  great  Christian 
bodies  in  our  country  should  stand  together  and  lead  in  the  discus 
sion  of  and  give  an  impulse  to  all  great  movements  that  "make  for 
righteousness."  We  believe  that  questions  like  that  of  the  saloon, 
marriage  and  divorce,  Sabbath  desecration,  the  social  evil,  child 
labor,  relation  of  labor  to  capital,  the  bettering  of  the  conditions  of  the 
laboring  classes,  the  moral  and  religious  training  of  the  young,  the 
problem  created  by  foreign  immigration,  and  international  arbitra 
tion — indeed,  all  great  questions  in  which  the  voice  of  the  churches 
should  be  heard — concern  Christians  of  every  name  and  demand  their 
united  and  concerted  action  if  the  church  is  to  lead  effectively  in  the 
conquest  of  the  world  for  Christ. 

It  is  our  conviction  that  there  should  be  a  closer  union  of  the 
forces  and  a  more  effective  use  of  the  resources  of  the  Christian 
churches  in  the  different  cities  and  towns,  and,  when  feasible,  in 
other  communities  and  fields,  with  a  view  to  an  increase  of  power  and 
of  results  in  all  Christian  work. 

The  experience  of  the  National  Federation  has  made  it  clear  that 
very  many  of  the  churches  of  the  several  communions  are  ready  to 
come  closer  together  in  the  common  service  of  the  Master.  This  has 
led  us  to  raise  the  question  whether  a  more  visible,  effective,  and  com 
prehensive  fellowship  and  effort  is  not  desirable  and  attainable. 

And  yet  we  might  not  have  considered  it  to  be  our  duty  to  propose 
action  to  this  end  if  the  suggestion  and  request  had  not  been  directly 
brought  to  us  through  formal  ecclesiastical  channels.  It  has  been  said 
to  us  that  it  might  seem  presuming  for  any  one  denomination  to 
make  such  a  proposal  to  the  other  denominations,  but  that  such  a 
proposal  could  better  come  from  an  organization  like  ours,  which  in 
cludes  representatives  of  the  various  denominations. 

We  therefore  take  the  liberty  to  address  you. 

In  order  to  secure  an  effective  organization  of  the  various  Prot 
estant  communions  of  this  country  for  the  practical  ends  indicated, 
we  would  suggest  that  a  conference  of  representatives,  accredited 
by  the  national  bodies  of  said  Protestant  denominations,  meet  in 
New  York  City,  in  November,  1905,  to  form  such  a  representative 
organization  as  may  seem  proper  to  them.  It  is  understood  that  its 
basis  would  not  be  one  of  creedal  statement  or  governmental  form, 
but  of  cooperative  work  and  effort.  It  is  also  understood  that  the  or 
ganization  would  have  power  only  to  advise  the  constituent  bodies  rep 
resented. 

315 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

We  invite  your  hearty  cooperation  and  participation  by  representa 
tion. 

We  would  take  the  liberty  more  definitely  to  suggest  that  the  num 
ber  of  representatives  from  each  denomination  be  fifty,  for  such  as 
number  five  hundred  thousand  and  upwards,  ten  for  such  as  number 
one  hundred  thousand  and  upwards,  and  not  more  than  five  for  those 
numbering  less  than  one  hundred  thousand. 

We  do  not  ask  you  to  develop  or  adopt  our  organization.  Ours  is 
a  voluntary  federation.  What  we  propose  is  a  federation  of  denom 
inations,  to  be  created  by  the  denominations  themselves.  We  have 
no  elaborated  plan  or  scheme  of  organization  to  present  for  approval. 
That  would  not  be  proper. 

We  do  not  desire  to  present  arguments  in  support  of  such  a  federa 
tion.  We  would  that  all  should  agree  that  the  different  Christian 
communions,  largely  one  in  spirit  and  devoted  to  one  Lord,  should 
by  united  effort  make  visible  to  the  world  .their  catholic  unity,  that 
the  world  may  know  "Him  whom  the  Father  hath  sent,"  and  that  at 
length  his  prayer  for  the  oneness  of  his  people  may  be  more  fully  an 
swered.  If  this  seems  to  you  as  it  does  to  us,  an  object  to  be  partly 
achieved  in  the  way  we  suggest,  we  ask  your  consideration  and  ap 
proval  of  our  proposal. 

We  also  suggest,  if  this  proposal  be  approved,  that  you  authorize 
the  National  Federation  to  act  in  making  arrangements  preliminary 
to  the  meeting  of  the  conference  of  the  representatives  of  the 
churches;  and  it  is  requested,  in  that  case,  that  you  appoint  one  per 
son  who  shall  be  your  special  representative  for  purposes  of  corre 
spondence  with  the  committee  of  arrangement  for  the  conference. 

Wishing  you  the  divine  blessing  on  your  deliberations,  and  on  the 
churches  which  you  represent,  we  are,  fathers  and  brethren, 

Yours  in  the  service  of  our  common  Lord  and  Master, 
WILLIAM  HAVES  WARD,  of  the  Congregational  Churches. 
WILLIAM  HENRY  ROBERTS,  of  the  Presbyterian  Alliance. 
CHARLES  L.  THOMPSON,  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  in  LT.  S.  A. 
JOHN  B.  CALVERT,  of  the  Baptist  Churches. 
HENRY  L.  MOREHOUSE,  of  the  Baptist  Churches. 
FRANK  MASON  NORTH,  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church. 
WILLIAM  I.  HAVEN,  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church. 
JOACHIM  ELMENDORF,  of  the  Reformed  Church  in  America. 
GEORGE  U.  WENNER,  of  the  Lutheran  Church  General  Synod. 
RIVINGTON  D.  LORD,  of  the  Freewill  Baptist  Churches. 

Committee  of  Correspondence. 
J.  CLEVELAND  CADY,  President. 
ELIAS  B.  SANFORD,  Secretary. 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER.  Now,  Mr.  Chairman,  I  move  you  that  the  invi 
tation  extended  in  that  paper  to  this  Conference  be  accepted,  and 
that  the  Board  of  Bishops  are  hereby  requested  to  appoint  ten  repre- 

316 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

seiitatives  of  this  body  to  meet  with  the  convention  suggested,  in  New 
York  City,  in  November,  1905,  and  that  they  also  appoint  one  person 
to  be  the  special  representative  from  this  body,  as  suggested  in  the 
paper. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  cannot  recognize  that,  since  you  have  an 
order  already  that  this  should  go  before  the  appropriate  committee 
before  it  can  be  acted  upon. 

BISHOP  KEPIIART.  I  move  you  that  this  communication  as  read  be 
referred  to  the  Committee  on  Federation,  the  joint  Committee  on 
Federation. 

Seconded. 

The  motion  was  adopted,  and  it  was  so  referred. 

REV.  N.  L.  \TEZIE,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  have  a  resolution  which 
I  want  to  present  to  this  body  this  morning: 

Resolved,  That  it  is  the  sense  of  this  General  Conference  that,  in 
the  election  of  the  heads  of  departments  of  the  general  work  of  this 
Church,  so  far  as  possible  and  practicable,  laymen  be  elected, 
leaving  many  of  our  able  preachers  to  the  ministry  of  the  Word,  in 
stead  of  attending  to  the  business  of  the  Church. 

REV.  N.  L.  VEZIE.  I  wish  to  say  before  I  take  my  seat  that  I  have 
had  convictions  along  this  line,  and  when  I  heard  Dr.  McKee's  state 
ment  of  yesterday,  I  was  encouraged  to  offer  this  resolution  to  the 
General  Conference. 

Seconded. 

This  resolution  was  referred  to  the  proper  committee,  the  Com 
mittee  on  State  of  the  Church. 

REV.  H.  S.  GABEL,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  move 
that  we  do  now  adjourn. 

Seconded. 

Announcements  were  made  of  various  meetings  of  committees.. 

Dr.  J.  R.  Parker,  of  Philomath  College,  Oregon,  was  given  permis 
sion  to  make  an  announcement,  as  follows :  I  would  like  to  say,  by 
your  permission,  that  we  are  losing  hundreds  of  people  every  year 
for  want  of  touch  with  people  who  are  going  to  the  Pacific  Coast,  and 
I  began  this  work  three  or  four  years  ago,  and  I  would  like  to  an 
nounce  that  I  would  be  pleased  to  receive  the  names  of  any  persons 
who  are  contemplating  moving  to  the  Pacific  Coast,  to  put  them  in 
touch  with  our  pastors  on  different  parts  of  the  coast.  Now  this  an- 

317 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

iiouncement  is  made  as  a  matter  of  church  interest,  and  I  have 
thought  that  our  pastors  would  help  us  in  this  work. 

Colonel  Robert  Cowden  called  ^attention  to  the  banquet  of  the 
alumni  of  the  Bible  Normal  Union,  to  be  held  Wednesday  evening  at 
half  past  six  o'clock  in  the  United  Brethren  Church  of  Topeka. 

Rev.  H.  U.  Roop,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference,  read  a  let 
ter  from  the  professor  of  physics,  in  Washburn  College,  inviting  the 
members  of  the  Conference  to  visit  that  institution. 

The  motion  to  adjourn  was  adopted,  and  Bishop  Stanford  pro 
nounced  the  benediction. 


FIFTH  DAY— AFTERNOON  SESSION. 

TUESDAY,  May  16,  1905. 

Bishop  Castle  presiding. 

Devotional  services  conducted  by  Rev.  J.  A.  Richardson,  of  Wis 
consin  Conference. 

Prof.  R.  R.  Mohh,  of  Webster  City,  Iowa,  conducted  the  singing. 
Song,  "Jesus,  keep  me  near  the  cross,"  was  followed  by  prayer  by  Revs. 
L.  L.  Schoonover  and  A.  C.  Wilmore.  "Leaning  on  the  everlasting 
arms"  was  sung,  followed  by  the  reading  of  the  Thirty-fourth  Psalm, 
followed  by  prayer  by  Dr.  Richardson. 

The  devotional  services  closed  with  singing,  "Thou  thinkest,  Lord, 
of  me." 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  Conference  is  now  in  order.  Is  there 
any  miscellaneous  business  which  you  wish  to  present?  If  not,  I  will 
call  for  the  report  of  the  Committee  on  Superintendency. 

REV.  A.  W.  BALLINGER,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  As  instructed  by 
the  General  Conference,  the  report  is  now  in  the  hands  of  the  printer, 
and  I  do  not  know  whether  it  is  here  or  not.  Dr.  Funk  will  know. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  While  waiting 
on  the  distribution  of  this  report,  the  Committee  on  Order  of  Busi 
ness  will  make  a  report,  if  you  will  hear  it. 

S.  E.  KUMLER,  of  Miami  Conference.  Your  Committee  on  Order 
of  Business  would  report  as  follows : 

318 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 
ORDER  OF  BUSINESS. 

No.  6,  Missionary  Interests. 

No.  8,  Educational  Institutions. 

No.  14,  Ministry  of  the  Church. 

No.  15,  Itinerancy. 

No.  18,  Church  Membership. 

No.  21,  Judiciary. 

No.  27,  Nominations  of  Church  Boards. 

No.  24,  Expenses  of  Delegates. 

No.  4,  State  of  the  Church. 

No.  5,  Moral  Reform. 

We  recommend  that  eight  o'clock  Sunday  morning,  at  the  Audi 
torium,  be  set  apart  for  the  address  of  Miss  Eva  Marshall  Shontz, 
of  Chicago,  president  of  the  Young  People's  Christian  Temperance 
Union. 

We  recommend  that  the  committees,  when  called,  report  by  title, 
giving  the  name  and  number  of  the  committee  only  and  then,  without 
further  action,  the  report  be  printed. 

A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  Chairman. 
S.  E.  IVUMLER,  Secretary. 

DR.  BIERMAN,  of  Eastern  Pennsylvania  Conference.  I  move  that 
the  report  of  the  Committee  on  Order  of  Business  be  adopted. 

Seconded  by  Rev.  L.  W.  Stahl. 

REV.  W.  R.  BERRY,,  of  Virginia  Conference.  The  part  of  the  report 
referring  to  Miss  Shontz  is  in  the  hands  of  the  Committee  on  Devo 
tion,  and  the  report  on  it  is  ready;  it  was  placed  in  our  hands  this 
morning. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER.  As  I  remember,  the  report  was  made  to 
comply  with  the  action  of  the  conferences  for  referring  the  resolu 
tion  to  the  committee  this  morning,  and,  I  may  say  further,  that,  by 
adopting  this  report,  the  committees  this  afternoon  may  simply  read 
title  and  numbers  of  the  report,  and,  without  further  action  of  the 
Conference  by  report  or  otherwise,  the  report  w7ill  immediately  go  to 
the  printer  and  save  time. 

REV.  A.  C.  WILMORE,  of  White  River  Conference.  I  do  not  think 
the  General  Conference  should  proceed  in  that  way  with  the  reports 
of  the  committees.  We  ought  to  have  a  chance  to  discuss  these  re 
ports  and  hear  them  read.  The  reading  of  the  report  the  first  time 
gives  the  information  to  the  Conference  as  to  the  character  of  the 
report,  and  the  second  reading  gives  time  to  sufficiently  understand 
the  report.  I  do  not  think  we  ought  to  adopt  any  gag  rule,  or  any 

319 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

rule  by  which  you  will  deprive  members  of  this  Conference  from  hav 
ing  the  fullest  right  to  investigate  and  understand  the  report.  This 
motion  will  deprive  us  of  that  privilege,  and  I  am  opposed  to  it. 

REV.  L.  W.  STAHL.    I  move  to  strike  out  the  last  item. 

Seconded. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  This  is  no  new 
way  of  doing  business;  it  is  done  by  everybody.  What  is  to  be  gained 
by  spending  an  hour  or  two  hours  this  afternoon  in  hearing  brethren 
read  their  reports  when  we  take  no  action,  but  simply  refer  them  to 
the  printer,  and  then  afterwards,  just  as  is  contemplated,  the  reports 
come  back  to  us  in  printed  form  and  are  distributed  to  us,  and  we 
have  at  least  one  day  for  every  one  to  look  at  them  and  become  ac 
quainted  with  them. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  On  the  amendment  you  will  not  take  much 
time.  Are  you  ready  to  vote? 

BISHOP  MATHEWS.  I  would  like  to  inquire  as  to  the  printing  of 
these  reports  and  their  distribution.  Does  it  require  one  day  before 
they  can  be  considered  ?  I  understand  that  you  have  called  up  one  re 
port  already,  and  there  is  an  order  of  business  for  to-morrow.  If  these 
reports  are  to  be  printed  and  be  in  the  hands  of  the  brethren  to  care 
fully  review  them,  you  hardly  have  time  for  this. 

REV.  L.  \V.  STAHL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  If  I  understand  the 
report  of  the  committee,  it  does  not  say  that  these  reports  shall  be 
printed  and  distributed  twenty-four  hours  before  action  shall  be 
taken  on  the  report.  My  past  experience  in  General  Conferences  has 
been  this,  that  some  of  the  reports  may  contemplate  very  few  and 
slight  changes  in  the  'Discipline,  hence  we  were  ready  to  take  action 
on  the  reports  by  the  suspension  of  the  rules,  and  without  going  to 
the  expense  of  having  them  printed.  This  worked  very  well,  and  I 
believe  we  would  do  well  to  vote  down  that  part  of  the  report  and 
have  these  reports  read.  We  can  decide  then,  and  have  them  printed 
if  necessary.  If  it  is  not  necessary,  we  can  save  that  expense  and 
adopt  the  report  under  the  suspension  of  the  rules  immediately. 

The  motion  to  strike  out  does  not  prevail. 

The  report  was  adopted. 

DR.  WM.  McKEE,  of  Miami  Conference.  Please  allow  me  to  request 
that  I  be  permitted  to  present  my  reports  on  Church  Erection,  Union 
Biblical  Seminary,  Sabbath  School,  and  Beneficiary  Education. 


320 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    As  Treasurer? 

DR.  McKEE.  Yes,  sir.  And  if  it  please  you  and  the  Conference  I 
shall  be  willing  to  hand  them  out  without  reading,  only  so  they  be 
come  official.  I  do  not  wish  to  consume  time.  Neither  one  of  them 
will  take  over  five  minutes  to  read. 

REV.  A.  P.  FuNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  move,  Mr. 
Chairman,  that  the  brother  read  them  by  title,  and  it  won't  take  two 
minutes  to  read  them  all. 

DR.  FUNK.  I  rise  to  a  question  of  privilege.  I  have  in  my  hand  the 
report  of  the  Committee  on  Boundaries.  They  desire  to  make  some 
corrections.  Shall  I  hand  this  report  back  to  the  committee? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    I  think  that  will  be  by  common  consent. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  I  understand 
that  the  report  is  in  the  hands  of  the  Conference,  and  that  an  amend 
ment  will  have  to  be  made  for  every  one  alike. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Has  it  been  in  possession  of  the  Conference 
the  requisite  length  of  time? 

DR.  FUNK.  I  made  the  statement  that  I  had  it  printed  in  my  hands, 
and  Brother  Funkhouser  heard  the  statement. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER.  That  is  the  reason  I  say  that  it  belongs 
to  the  Conference. 

DR.  FUNK.    All  right/ 

PROF.  E.  S.  LORENZ,  of  Miami  Conference.  And  by  common  consent 
the  General  Conference  said  that  the  committee  might  have  it  back 
again. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Are  you  all  agreed  by  common  consent  that 
it  shall  go  back  ?  If  so,  say,  Agreed.  Any  dissenting  voice  anywhere  ? 
It  is  agreed. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  would  like  the  privilege  for  President 
Bonebrake  to  be  heard  for  just  a  moment. 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

Professor  Bonebrake,  of  Campbell  College,  read  an  invitation  from 
the  Commercial  Club  of  Holton,  inviting  the  Conference  to  visit  Hoi- 
ton  and  Campbell  College  on  Saturday  afternoon,  May  20,  as  follows : 

HOLTON,  KANSAS,  May  13,  1905. 

To  the  Members' of  the  United  Brethren  Conference,  Topeka,  Kansas. 
You  are  cordially  invited  to  visit  our  city  on  such  day  as  may  suit 
your  convenience  during  the  Conference  session.    Very  truly  yours, 

THE  HOLTON  COMMERCIAL  LEAGUE. 

321 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

At  this  point  Rev.  Wm.  McKee,  Treasurer,  was  permitted  to  pre 
sent  his  reports. 

EEV.  WM.  McKJEE.  I  bring  you  first  the  report  of  the  Union  Bibli 
cal  Seminary  for  the  quadrennium  ending  March  31,  1905. 

REPORT  OF  THE  TREASURER  OF  UNION  BIBLICAL  SEMINARY. 
RECEIPTS. 

Conference   assessments    $  15.343  08 

Cash  on  notes  and  subscriptions   59.025  79 

Bequests  collected   495  23 

Endowment  loans  returned   14,437  23 

Endowment  interest  collected 3.498  47 

Interest   collected    2,094  33 

Contingent  Fund  collected 7,G75  07 

Debt  Fund  collected   4.074  00 

Rent  .collected 938  50 

Annuities  collected    808  95 

Bright's   Library  collections    125  00 

Borrowed  money   2.000  00 

Miscellaneous   4.290  47 


$115.407  32 
EXPENDITURES. 

Salaries  paid  Faculty  and  Officers J?  29.908  52 

Loans  paid  during  the  year 48,320  89 

Interest,  room  rent,  discount,  exchange....  4,023  23 

Taxes,   insurance,   improvements    '     1.300  81 

Endowment  fund  replaced 19,102  00 

Traveling  expenses,  Board  and  Officers....  1,350  97 

Printing  and  stationery    400  20 

Miscellaneous   4,291  20 

Annuities  paid   988  90 

Room  rent  for  students  paid   497  50 

Repairs  to  Seminary  property   981  23 

Contingent  expenses    2.702  00 

Balance  in  Treasury  March  31,  1905  1,407  81 

$115.407  3'> 


322 


REPORT  OF  THE  TREASURER  OF  UNION  BIBLICAL  SEMINARY 

FOR  THE  QUADRENNIUM  ENDING  MARCH  31,  1905. 

RECEIPTS. 


ANNUAL  CONFERENCES. 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

TOTAL. 

$315  75 

$505  55 

$527  50 

$1  348  SC 

1  50 

47  55 

39  00 

101  55 

$11  00 

10  (-0 

13  00 

8  00 

42  CC 

16  (0 

iO  00 

21  00 

17  91 

74  91 

1  50 

6  47 

9  25 

17  2'; 

88  81 

61  15 

59  34 

209  3C 

29  50 

27  50 

QQ  50 

147  5C 

East  Ohio  

128  23 

276  00 

338  50 

742  7£ 

3  CO 

2  9( 

2  75 

1  50 

10  1R 

549  0( 

550  00 

550  00 

1  649  OC 

Erie  

96  74 

112  11 

121  38 

101  16 

431  3£ 

Georgia  

Germany  

57  14 

54  85 

111  9£ 

:-it)  60 

54  45 

80  35 

90  24 

281  64 

48  90 

70  50 

66  90 

1*6  3[ 

.Louisiana  

5  CO 

10S  35 

105  62 

125  00 

343  9' 

452  CO 

564  50 

593  50 

1  610  0( 

70  66 

49  25 

41  00 

'iTO  91 

30  44 

36  00 

66  4J 

31  OJ 

24  25 

28  25 

83  EC 

53  00 

40  00 

93  OC 

66  60 

73  50 

75  00 

°1~>  1C 

104  98 

119  28 

114  00 

338  2t 

North  Nebraska  

4  00 

6  00 

6  f.O 

10  00 

26  5C 

35  00 

26  Ou 

26  75 

87  75 

44  CO 

40  40 

43  00 

127  4A 

23  95 

30  50 

54  43 

Ontario  

18  50 

14  00 

10  88 

43  3? 

5  00 

8  00 

10  50 

23  5r 

403  47 

60)  41 

1  003  8s 

600  70 

682  34 

703  64 

614  6n 

2  5('l  33 

Southeast  Ohio  

182  50 

256  75 

212  97 

652  22 

309  f,0 

339  70 

3''6  30 

322  75 

1  998  25 

Upper  W  abash  

78  30 

101  75 

54  0*' 

2.U  O't 

22  58 

59  10 

73  05 

154  73 

West  Nebraska  

10  00 

19  00 

22  25 

25  50 

76  75 

West  Tennessee  

33  00 

28  Od 

36  00 

2£  50 

125  50 

White  River  

150  01 

175  30 

162  52 

163  0' 

650  83 

Wisconsin  

23  10 

3  00 

25  00 

51  00 

Total  

$1  577  34 

$3  498  64 

$5  043  09 

$5  221  61 

$15  343  68 

$•'9  026  PO 

$'^9  046  21 

$1  550  68 

2  00 

59  695  79 

Bequests  collected  

495  23 

495  93 

1  100  00 

4  873  83 

8  463  40 

14  437  23 

1  169  25 

1  799  29 

3  498  47 

Interest  collected  

613  00 

455  00 

1,026  33 

2  094  33 

308  46 

4  000  00 

2  026  11 

1  341  10 

7  675  67 

Debt  Fund  

2  174  Of 

1  900  00 

4  074  00 

Rent  collected  

492  f,0 

446  00 

938  50 

SOS  95 

808  95 

50  CO 

75  Od 

125  00 

2,000  00 

2,OCO  00 

210  20 

4,167  29 

236  01 

382  40 

4,290  47 

Grand  Total  

$33  361  13 

$10  712  14 

$19,479  42 

$22,590  06 

$115,407  32 

TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 
EXPENDITURES. 


1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

TOTAL. 

$6  131  66 

$3,359  96 

$7  688  50 

$7  788  40 

$29  968  52 

18,628  02 

25,198  87 

1,500  00 

3,000  CO 

48  326  89 

Interest,  room  rent,  discount,  exchange.. 

2,250  73 
127  62 

1,281  00 
624  64 

298  33 
356  19 

193  17 
192  36 

4,023  23 
1  300  81 

6,452  00 

2,750  00 

9  900  00 

19  102  00 

Traveling  Expenses,  Board  and  Officers.. 

125  51 

357  49 
96  55 

403  58 
182  56 

470  39 
121  15 

1,356  97 
400  26 

1,050  05 

1,819  75 

677  01 

744  39 

4,291  20 

808  95 

179  95 

988  90 

1?                      t  f          t      1       ta      nirl 

340  00 

157  50 

497  50 

489  28 

491  95 

981  23 

2,762  00 

2,762  00 

1  407  81 

1,407  81 

Total  

$28,313  59 

$44,190  26 

$18,256  40 

$•'4,647  07 

$115,407  32 

Dayton,  Ohio,  March  31, 


WM.  McKEE,  Treasurer. 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

REV.  J.  SIMONS,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference.  I  move  that  the  report 
be  adopted. 

Seconded. 

PROP.  MARK  KEPPEL,  of  California  Conference.  Before  that  report 
is  adopted  I  think  it  ought  to  be  referred  to  a  committee  to  audit  it. 
I  move  that,  in  lieu  of  these  reports  being  read,  that  they  be  dis 
tributed  and  referred  to  the  proper  committees.  We  have  not  time  to 
consider  them  now. 

REV.  G.  H.  HINTON,  of  Neosho  Conference.  I  believe  these  brethren 
are  getting  into  a  terrible  hurry.  I  wish  they  would  heed  what  our 
brother  said.  He  said  that  he  had  just  found  out  that  God  was  not 
in  a  hurry.  I  do  not  see  the  necessity  of  hurrying  the  reports  through 
in  this  way.  I  believe  that  it  is  the  sense  of  this  body  that  we  may  hear 
them  and  have  a  little  time  to  think.  I  think  we  are  crowding  things 
just  a  little  too  fast. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  motion  was  to  adopt,  but  I  believe  the 
proper  order  is  to  refer  to  the  committee.  What  will  you  do  ?  By 
common  consent  will  you  refer  it  to  the  proper  committee  ? 

It  is  so  done  by  common  consent. 

REV.  WM.  McKEE.  I  now  present  the  report  of  the  Educational 
Beneficiary  Fund,  the  report  ending  March  31,  1905. 

REPORT  OF  THE  TREASURER  OF  THE  EDUCATIONAL  BENEFICIARY  FUND. 

RECEIPTS. 

Conference  assessments   $  9.C67  30 

Loans  to   students  returned    7,985  99 

Bequests  and  legacies  collected 995  4G 

Educational  Day   Fund    32  25 

Miscellaneous   receipts    158  35 

Donations     and     subscriptions,     including 

balance  April  1,  1901 1,330  88 


$      20.170  23 
EXPENDITURES. 

Loans  made  to  students    •$  17,967  00 

Traveling  expenses   439  64 

Salaries  paid    584  75 

Miscellaneous  expenditures   534  76 

Balance  in  Treasury  April  10,   1905  644  08 

$      20,170  23 


325 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 


REPORT    OF    THE    TREASURER   OF  THE   EDUCATIONAL    BENEFICIARY 
FUND   FOR  THE  QUADRENNIUM     ENDING   APRIL   10,   1905. 

RECEIPTS. 


CONFERENCES, 

0 

is!- 
iff! 

-sue 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

Totals. 

$200  00 
51)  CO 
40  00 
10  00 
25  00 

$158  40 

$169  15 
16  r,5 
16  25 

$189  80 
15  55 
11  00 

S1SS  50 
12  50 
9  00 

$705  85 
44  SO 
51  75 

California  

15  50 

4  00 

5  00 

4  00 

13  00 

10  CO 
25  CO 
100  00 
50  00 
250  00 
30  00 
350  00 
125  00 

1  00 
71  05 
15  50 
82  31 

6  92 
67  00 
19  50 
112  00 

6  50 
61  15 

14  42 

246  68 
75  11 
414  56 

47  48 
40  11 
1C9  00 

East  Ohio  t  

111  25 

276  00 
79  20 

270  25 
75  12 

275  00 
66  66 
3  CO 

275  00 
75  68 

1,096  25 
296  66 
3  00 

Erie  

15  00 

125  00 
125  CO 
190  00 
10  00 
10  00 
10  00 
16000 
290  00 
100  00 
50  00 
50  00 
50  00 
50  00 
2CO  00 
50  00 

52  00 
21  10 
42  25 

48  95 
25  80 
1  90 

51  40 
35  61 

74  20 

39  35 
34  50 
34  10 

191  70 
117  01 
152  45 

39  09 
216  90 
21  03 
21  00 
5  00 
19  00 
21  50 
71  50 

1\  42 

268  45 
24  50 
18  50 
12  50 
23  81 

56  38 
268  24 
27  CO 
16  36 
19  20 
25  00 
23  00 
69  94 

66  00 
237  30 
25  00 
31  70 
25  60 
21  00 
23  75 
65  85 
6  00 
54  55 
40  00 
15  CO 
6  90 
9  50 
289  69 
300  00 
137  00 
83  25 
38  75 
38  00 

232  89 
990  89 
97  53 
87  56 
62  20 
88  81 
68  25 
284  81 
6  00 
177  60 
151  40 
4995 
24  40 
28  50 
593  61 
!,306  08 
589  24 
352  91 
131  60 
78  57 

Minnesota  

67  52 

50  CO 

57  80 
40  03 
11  60 
9  50 
7  00 
198  11 
353  63 
156  99 
92  55 
50  (50 
18  00 

65  25 
39  40 
13  35 
8  00 
8  00 
203  57 
346  50 
166  25 
89  76 
42  25 

60  00 
30  00 
30  00 
25  00 
290  00 
300  00 
175  00 
200  CO 
160  00 
100  CO 
15  00 
30  CO 
20  00 
60  CO 
185  CO 
30  00 

32  00 
10  CO 

4  00 
202  25 
305  95 
129  00 
87  35 

Sandusky  

St  Joseph  

22  57 

We«t  \frica  .... 

7  00 

16  50 
50 
32  50 
65  00 
21  00 

18  25 
2  25 
28  50 
64  60 
21  00 

12  50 

54  25 
2  75 
123  50 
300  75 
6000 

32  50 
53  80 

18  CO 

30  CO 
117  35 

Totals 

$2,133  75 
1,330  88 

$2,451  57 

$2,528  17 

$2,553  81 

$9,667  30 
1,230  88 

Donations,  subscriptions,  etc.,  including 
April  balance,  1901  

990  46 

5  00 
32  25 
2,238  50 

995  46 
32  25 
7,985  99 
158  35 

1,241  70 

1,860  00 
158  35 

2,645  79 

Grand  Totals  

$5,696  79 

$4,727  32 

$4,546  52 

$5,199  60 

$20  170  -13 

UNITED  BRETHREN  IN  CHRIST 
EXPENDITURES. 


1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

Totals. 

$4  846  CO 

$4  141  00 

$4  345  00 

$4  635  00 

'  $17  967  00 

110  45 

101  59 

111  71 

115  89 

439  64 

39  73 

245  00 

150  00 

'50  00 

584  75 

71  34 

110  65 

251  78 

100  99 

534  76 

446  36 

446  56 

Totals  

$5,067  54 

$1,598  24 

$4,858  49 

S"i  44S  24 

$19  972  51 

By  common  consent  this  report  was  adopted  and  referred  to  the  ap 
propriate  committee. 

REV.  \YM.  McIvEE.     I  now  present  the  Sabbath-School  report. 

REPORT   OF   THE   TREASURER  OF   THE   SABBATH-SCHOOL    BOARD. 

RECEIPTS. 
Conference  assessment   ....................  $13.313  84 

Children's  Day  collections  .................  3.994  08 

Sale  of  books,  etc   ........................  22  43 

Fees  and  collections  made  .................  206  36 

Bible  Normal  Union  profits   ...............  Ill  00 

Collection  for  Missionaries   ................  20  51 

Old   debt  collections   ......................  21  09 

Balance    in    Treasury    July    1,    1901      1.755  28 


$19.,445  19 


EXPENDITURES. 

Cost  of  Sunday-School  Literature  distributed  $  5,494  40 

Children's  Day  exercises  purchased   .........  326  20 

Interest,  discount,  exchange    ...............  -1  28 

Paid  for  support  of  Missionaries  ...........  50  00 

Printing  and  merchandise   .................  944  94 

Traveling  expenses  of  Board  and  Officers   .  .  .  2,270  74 

Postage,  telegrams,  expressage   .............  703  45 

Salaries  paid  to  Officers   ..................  5.791  47 

Clerk  hire   ...............................  938  00 

Miscellaneous  expenses  .....................  551  52 

Balance  in  Treasury  March  31.  1905  2,307  19 


$19.445  19 


327 


REPORT  OF  TREASURER  OF  GENERAL  SABBATH-SCHOOL  BOARD 

FOR  QUADRENNIUM  ENDING  MARCH  31,  1905. 

RECEIPTS. 


ANNUAL 
3NFEEENCE8. 

On  Assessment. 
1902. 

Children's  Day 
(lollections, 
Fees,  etc. 
1902. 

On  Assessment. 
1903. 

Children's  Day 
Collections, 
Fees,  etc. 
1903. 

On  Assessment. 
1904. 

Children's  Day 
Collections, 
Fees,  etc. 
1904. 

On  Aseessment. 

1905. 

Children's  Day 
Collections, 
Fees,  etc. 
1905. 

Totals. 

$212  SO 

$290  77 

$348  80 

$1  50 

$345  00 

$1  198  87 

i.  Valley  

16  25 

49  50 

1  50 

35  15 

IO9  40 

17  00 

21  00 

15  00 

53  00 

6  00 

5  00 

10  50 

9  50 

31  00 

lumbia  River. 

4  75 

8  17 

17  62 

30  54 

s  Moines  

65  36 

95  62 

91  72 

56  97 

309  67 

54  39 

$10  35 

60  36 

71  50 

58  34 

254  94 

st  Ohio  

211  50 

$2  50 

236  00 

228  50 

678  50 

st  Tennessee.. 

3  00 

5  00 

6  30 

1  64 

2  00 

17  94 

stern  Penn  

257  25 

298  00 

250  00 

250  00 

1  055  25 

e  

78  89 

67  12 

82  17 

2';8  18 

orgia  

50 

4  00 

7  00 

11  50 

53  00 

55  44 

49  61 

45  56 

203  61 

°6  26 

52  29 

75  SO 

3  35 

82  15 

239  35 

va  

46  78 

40  52 

6  35 

50  00 

91  50 

235  15 

ntucky  

1  64 

1  64 

2  00 

5  00 

4  CO 

11  00 

65  00 

86  42 

115  64 

127  08 

394  14 

ami  

6  30 

240  50 

314  50 

320  70 

882  00 

zhigan  

32  77 

75  60 

67  50 

66  73 

242  60 

28  00 

30  00 

31  24 

30  23 

119  47 

ssouri  

13  25 

20  75 

27  90 

61  90 

osho  

30  00 

39  75 

85  00 

40  00 

194  75 

W.  Kansas  

33  50 

35  00 

74  00 

4  10 

101  75 

248  35 

rth  Illinois  

3  SO 

2  50 

55  98 

57  90 

1  22 

64  05 

185  45 

rth  Nebraska 

6  00 

5  60 

15  27 

26  87 

E.  Kansas  

51  5'' 

56  95 

82  49 

75  88 

266  84 

io  German  

40  00 

43  50 

7  50 

43  02 

50  40 

184  42 

lahoma  

12  70 

18  29 

33  °0 

4  51 

32  75 

102  15 

tario  

11  68 

13  50 

29  25 

1  10 

28  98 

84  51 

7  00 

9  CO 

16  00 

1  25 

32  00 

65  25 

insylvania  

5  00 

429  24 

10  95 

330  32 

775  51 

idusky  

323  20 

521  05 

4  55 

503  75 

1  00 

1  353  55 

E.  Ohio  

127  00 

1  78 

160  50 

4  80 

143  50 

437  58 

Joseph  

142  92 

1  50 

90  05 

95  64 

582  23 

912  34 

per  Wabash... 

48  19 

53  20 

3  00 

134  52 

138  69 

377  60 

ginia  

22  5S 

16  00 

28  95 

33  50 

101  03 

st  Nebraska  .. 

12  00 

17  50 

34  00 

22  52 

86  02 

st  Tennessee.. 

3  00 

2  97 

5  00 

10  97 

st  Virginia  

31  50 

171  25 

164  73 

367  48 

ite  River  

71  40 

1  10 

80  98 

2  95 

74  05 

3  53 

121  35 

355  36 

sconsin  

17  00 

46 

19  00 

20  00 

30  50 

86  96 

oert  Cowden, 
c.,  not  item'd 

501  71 

211  96 

1  004  17 

105  82 

1  016  15 

2,839  81 

otal  

$2,335  81 

$22  21 

$2  986  04 

$1  032  80 

$4  093  09 

$1  056  60 

$3  898  90 

e  of  books, 
apers,  etc  

2  40 

1  59 

18  44 

22  43 

s  and  collec- 
ons  by  Sec'y.. 

206  36 

206  36 

lie    Normal 

84  55 

26  45 

111  00 

lections    for 

20  51 

20  51 

debt  collec- 
ons  

21  09 

21  09 

Idren's    Day 
Elections  for 
05  not  item 
ed  

$1  883  07 

1,883  07 

Treasury 
aly  1,  1901  

1,755  28 

1,755  28 

rand  Total  ... 

$4  114  58 

$22  21 

$2,986  04 

"  $1,032  80 

$4  199  74 

$1  056  60 

$6  033  29 

$19,445  19 

UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 
EXPENDITURES. 


• 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

TOTAL. 

188    Cost  of  S.  S.  Literature  distributed. 

$1,251  98 

$1,414  49 
80  50 

$1,444  19 

$1,383  74 
245  70 

$5,494  40 
326  20 

5 

35 

73 

15 

1  28 

50  00 

50  00 

180    Printing  and  merchandise  

104  82 

336  44 

276  41 

227  27 

944  94 

393  oo 

487  03 

683  78 

782  93 

2,276  74 

181    Postage,  telegrams,  expressage  

78  15 
1  174  45 

41  79 
1  450  00 

321  64 
1  654  50 

321  87 
1,512  52 

763  45 
5,791  47 

177    Clerk  hire     

101  00 

183  00 

338  CO 

316  00 

938  00 

3  60 

4  10 

16  45 

209  68 

551  52 

2,307  19 

Total  

$3  037  05 

$4  047  70 

$4  735  70 

$7  300  OR 

$19  445  19 

Dayton,  Ohio,  March,  31,  1005. 


W.\i 


lYBE,  Treasurer. 


By  common  consent  it  was  referred  to  the  appropriate  committee. 
DR.  WM.  MclvEE.     I  have  one  more,  Mr.  Chairman,  the  report  of 
the  Church-Erection  Treasurer: 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 


REPORT  OF  THE  TREASURER  OF  THE  CHURCH-ERECTION  SOCIETY. 

RECEIPTS. 

General    Fund    $  08,574  02 

Woman's  Parsonage   Fund    S94  80 

Parsonage  Fund  collected   2,447  23 

John  Dod'da   Memorial   Fund    523  00 

Chicago  Weaver  Memorial  Church  Fund  5  00 

Collected  by  S.  C.  Coblentz.  not  located.  .  102  97 

Children's  Oklahoma  Fund   351  40 

Bequests  collected 5.940  98 

Interest   collected    015  35 

Expenses  on   loans    58  33 

Royalty  on  Otterbein  Hymnals   250  01 

Books,  Church  plans,  etc.,  sold 20  84 

John  and  Ann  Kearney  Fund 15  00 

Church   loans  returned    54,030  91 

Loans  to  parsonages  returned 2,510  74 

Washington,   D.  C.,   Church    1  00 

Balance  March  31,  1901   1,330  88 

$    140,350  Go 
EXPENDITURES. 

Loans  to  churches S  84.908  12 

Loans   ro   parsonages    5.150  00 

Loans  to  churches  bearing  interest 1.700  00 

Money  invested  in  real  estate 25,000  00 

Postage,  telegrams,  expressage   274  89 

Salary    and   traveling   expenses    of    Field 

Agent 2,907  49 

Salary  of  Officers   7,395  00 

Clerk  hire 179  75 

Stationery  and  printing 031  18 

Keeping  rooms 208  99 

Interest  and  annuities  paid 334  25 

Lawyers  and  courts        145  20 

Taxes  and   insurance    11  50 

Traveling  expenses    1.058  49 

Miscellaneous   expenses    2.041  71 

Balance  in  Treasury  March  31,  1905  7,012  02 

$    140.350  Go 


330 


GENERAL  CHURCH  ERECTION  COLLECTIONS  FOR  THE  QUADRENMUM 
ENDING  MARCH  31,  1905. 


j|  S'AMES  OF 

fflf  L  CONFERENCES 

ri 

o 

jll 

For  Animal 
Conferences. 
1902. 

For  Church 
Erection 
Board.  1903. 

For  Annual 
Conferences. 
1903. 

For  Church 
Erection 
Hoard.  1904. 

For  Annual 
Conferences. 
1901. 

o  a 

For  Annual 
Conferences. 
1905. 

Total  collec 
tions  for 
four  years. 

$3o5  75 
3i  00 
13  75 

18  68 
15  5', 
88  07 
89  85 
378  &. 
8  25 
430  Oi- 
77  57 

$642  45 
32  00 
13  75 

IS  68 

$767  52 
193  60 
11  75 
16  37 
29  70 
5S9  06 
77  85 
249  93 
4  25 
395  60 
109  00 

$1,262  83 
102  63 
11  75 
19  30 
30  00 
137  37 
78  00 
425  96 
5  00 
457  25 
88  63 

$648  07 
95  97 
44  48 
16  50 
19  48 
283  22 
ICO  81 
390  63 
3  50 
474  05 
10:!  37 
17  20 
193  91 
157  73 
2SO  17 
5  75 
6  00 
387  55 
1,458  68 
129  14 
44  51 
110  83 
21,427  04 
250  27 
414  54 
16  00 
201  83 
39  70 
60  12 
17  06 
45  21 
690  97 
941  89 
553  42 
607  80 
4,549  63 
333  30 
334  81 
4  CO 
281  33 
728  78 
56  40 

$1,478  81 
55  65 
44  48 
16  50 
19  48 
1,137  00 
ICO  81 
500  00 
3  50 
1,673  85 
137  46 

$499  55 
177  87 
35  00 
35  50 
14  13 
111  74 
61  00 
1,262  28 
2  25 
505  00 
90  19 
5  00 
1,104  05 
202  62 
187  50 
1  00 
2  50 
340  55 
899  90 
104  20 
28  22 
48  00 
218  00 
252  46 
646  06 
9  50 
302  10 
13  67 
68  02 
11  40 
9  85 
1,194  02 
626  29 
468  96 
1,085  TO 
5,016  25 
268  94 
52  60 
9  00 
262  38 
586  22 
34  06 

$500  00 
178  00 
36  00 
36  00 
15  00 
112  00 
62  CO 
300  00 
2  25 
600  00 
61  00 
5  00 
105  00 
203  00 
200  00 
1  00 
2  50 
350  00 
1,050  06 
105  00 
23  00 
50  00 
218  00 
255  00 
640  00 
10  00 
303  00 
1,500  CO 
69  00 
100  CO 
10  CO 
600  00 
1,058  21 
500  00 
1,000  00 
400  00 
500  CO 
53  00 
9  00 
300  00 
600  00 
35  00 

800  00 
300  00 

$6,164 
867 
201 
177 
158 
2,552 
660 
5,009 
37 
7,285 
774 
27 
2,848 
1,125 
1,936 
14 
48 
1,965 
10,535 
764 
318 
573 
22,287 
2,244 
2,571 
106 
1,662 
2,039 
343 
227 
130 
7,151 
11,554 
4,180 
6.535 
11,391 
2,227 
1,263 
430 
2,401 
3,000 
308 

3,345 

801 
1,800 
110 

5 
102 
894 
351 
5,940 
615 
58 
250 
26 
15 
523 
54,036 
2.R10 
2,447 
1 

15  50 
94  09 

89  85 
1,502  41 
8  25 
2,749  7! 

77  87 

is!  ebraska  

isl  n  Pennsylvania... 

301  46 
112  55 
144  10 

301  46 
193  80 
444  10 

181  50 
102  56 
270  63 

593  32 
64  95 
280  00 

67  38 
88  48 
ISO  00 
5  75 
6  00 
S02  11 
454  14 
129  14 
44  50 
110  80 
29  00 
188  59 
138  35 
16  00 
86  37 
350  00 
36  73 
100  50 
12  30 
1,573  00 
6,026  15 
268  82 
2,084  97 
112  65 
335  00 
334  81 

cljj  a  

8  00 
127  43 
6';5  50 
59  36 
34  O'J 
40  36 
99  00 
58  18 
60  Oil 
7  00 
75  55 
18  25 
25  04 
12  88 
18  61) 
670  08 
562  63 
337  85 
315  00 
238  53 
161  08 
32  25 
65 
337  7! 
212  98 
31  00 

8  00 
127  43 
4,612  50 
59  36 
34  00 
40  36 
99  00 
58  18 
60  00 
7  00 
75  50 
18  25 
25  04 
12  88 
18  60 
1,378  05 
1,049  27 
1,028  66 
931  85 
273  53 
161  Oh 
32  25 
65 
337  71 
230  95 
31  00 

600  00 

7  55 
125  74 
623  48 
89  37 
55  00 

8  00 
203  77 
811  12 
89  37 
55  00 
163  25 
58  62 
945  00 
402  36 
20  37 
452  83 
50  00 
27  00 
11  50 
8  00 
525  00 
607  42 
599  44 
231  44 
120  54 
250  00 
385  76 
4  00 
357  92 
324  65 
31  40 

945  00 

iaj  

238  73 
237  09 
209  77 
20  37 
165  29 
49  50 
32  53 
11  50 
8  00 
520  47 
682  87 
423  15 
249  94 
679  92 
217  65 
38  00 
3  50 
390  80 
286  55 
33  66 

tcl.  oina  

inl  sky  

>ujsast  Ohio  

PI   Wabash  

133  87 
166  22 
56  40 

1,000  CO 
500  00 
800  00 
ICO  00 

M  SIGN  DISTRICTS. 
r!  

sr  Rico  

1  65 

3r  my  

500  00 



1,000  00 
10  00 

IE  

ITHER  FUNDS. 
ii  KO  Mem  Church 

$5  00 

ol  y  S.  C  Coblentz 

102  97 

8  3tnen,  Pars'ge  Fd 

$v>43  35 

$651  51 

ii  -en'sOkla.  Fuud... 

141  25 
695  93 

203  15 
400  CO 
202  80 
5  16 
39  27 
6  89 
10  00 

7  00 
1,250  00 
170  40 
10  17 
73  24 
1  97 



3,595  75 
123  40 

t.  -st  
s]  ises  on  Loans  
o;  ty,  Ott.  Hymnal  ... 
x  i,  etc.,  sold  
ic  i  Ann  Kearney  Fd. 
01  s  Mem   Pars'ge  Fd 
Ji  >  to  churches  ret'd 
3i  i  to  pars'pes  ret'd.. 
11  nage  collections  . 

118  75 
43  00 
72  07 
13  93 
5  0!) 
523  0) 
10,228  36 
656  25 

65  49 

4  05 



12.657  07 
345  50 
167  20 
1  00 

13,402  58 

987  89 
488  00 

17,748  90 

5-10  90 

1,792  03 

a  iugton,  D  C    Ch 

il  ce,  March  31,  1901  . 

4,003  01 

$29,559  76 

$18,168  22 
29,659  76 

$23,090  23 

$11,488  71 
23,090  23 

$52,970  32 

$21,015  49 
52,970  32 

$40,709  08 

$14,297  02 
40,709  03 

TalGeir1!  Fund  

$47,827  98 

S  34,  578  94 

#73,985  81 

$55,006  10 

$211,398 

TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

CHURCH  ERECTION  EXPENDITURES. 


1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

TOTAL. 

$16  OCO  00 

$15  8''8  12 

$21,304  48 

$32  035  52 

$84  968  12 

6f.O  00 

1,400  00 

1,450  00 

1  650  00 

5  150  00 

1  000  00 

700  00 

1,700  00 

25  000  00 

25  COO  10 

89  45 

37  74 

82  23 

65  47 

274  89 

1,850  01 

1,815  01 

1,865  00 

1,865  04 

7,395  06 

383  17 

1,042  71 

1,541  61 

2,967  49 

Clerk  Hire  

74  00 

95  75 

49  50 

30  tO 

179  75 

154  85 

122  27 

2^8  95 

125  11 

631  18 

107  06 

1  50 

4  50 

155  93 

26S  99 

65  00 

77  75 

77  50 

114  00 

334  25 

24  20 

8  35 

69  75 

42  90 

145  20 

75 

10  75 

11  50 

Traveling  expenses,  Hoard  and  Officers... 

300  53 

i              15  00 

407  34 
70  81 

467  92 
46  65 

482  70 
1.5)1  71 

1.658  49 
1,674  17 

18,168  22 

11,488  71 

21,015  49 

14,297  02 

71  4-;7  It 

7,612  02 

Totals  

$3S  499  07 

$31  666  5'' 

872  704  6*> 

$54  458  26 

$211  Hi  -8  83 

Referred  to  the  appropriate  committee  by  common  consent. 

Dr.  McKee  explained  that  a  portion  of  the  expense  was  caused  by 
removal  from  the  old  building  into  the  new,  and  this  expense  will  not 
t)ccur  again  for  many  years. 

PR.  FUNK.  I  have  here  a  report  of  the  Southern  Mission  District, 
which  was  ordered  printed  by  the  Board  of  Missions  at  their  meeting, 
and  the  report  can  be  distributed  if  you  desire. 

REV.  J.  SIMONS,  of  St.  Joseph  Conference.  The  report  of  the  Com 
mittee  on  Ministry  of  the  Church  is  ready,  and  should  be  received 
and  passed  into  the  hands  of  the  printer. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Committee  No.  1-i;  did  you  give  the  title 
of  your  report  and  the  number  ? 

REV.  J.  SIMONS.    Yes,  No.  14,  on  Ministry  of  the  Church. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  believe  that  the  order  is  that  it  shall  not 
be  read,  but  the  title  and  number  be  given,  and  it  shall  be  printed 
without  further  order.  Without  any  reading  it  goes  to  the  printer. 

REV.  G.  W.  SHERRICK,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  understand  that 
there  are  some  reports  coming  from  the  printer.  Should  they  not  be 
distributed,  so  we  can  be  studying  them  ?  I  ask  the  question. 


332 


UNITED   BRETHREN   IN   CHRIST 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Well,  what  is  the  pleasure  of  the  Confer 
ence.  You  will  not  have  them  read  here,  but  simply  the  number 
given  and  name  of  the  report. 

DR.  FUNK.  I  am  afraid  you  will  get  these  reports  wonderfully 
mixed  up  if  you  keep  on.  For  example,  I  hold  in  my  hand  the  printed 
report  of  the  Young-  People's  Christian  Union.  If  it  is  distributed 
BOW,  when  that  report  is  called  for  consideration,  we  will  not  have 
any  left,  and  a  number  of  the  brethren  will  wonder  where  the  reports 
are.  You  can  do  just  as  you  like.  It  is  not  a  question  of  mine. 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER,  of  Sandusky  Conference.  To  settle  this  question, 
I  move  that  they  be  not  distributed  until  the  report  be  brought  before 
the  Conference  for  consideration. 

It  was  so  agreed. 

REV.  L.  W.  STAHL,  of  Allegheny  Conference.  I  was  going  to  call 
attention  that  if  the  committee  making  the  report  simply  announces 
the  name  of  the  committee,  the  report  goes  to  the  printer  without  be 
ing  read  on  this  Conference  floor.  Thus  we  do  not  get  a  chance  to  see 
these  reports  until  we  are  ready  to  act  on  them.  We  have  no  chance  to 
study  them.  I  want  the  reports,  that  I  may  know  what  I  am  going  to 
vote  on,  and  study  them  and  look  them  over.  I  do  not  believe  in  do 
ing  things  hastily ;  we  ought  to  take  time  to  consider  wThat  we  are  do 
ing.  Therefore,  I  am  opposed  to  the  motion.  I  would  like  to  see  the 
report. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Brother  Miller,  what  was  your  motion  ? 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER.  I  move  that  these  printed  reports  be  not  circu 
lated  until  they  are  made  public  by  the  committee;  that  is,  when 
called  to  be  reported.  There  were  some  that  were  referred  to  be 
printed  in  advance  of  their  being  submitted  to  this  Conferenc.  My 
motion  is  that  they  be  not  circulated  until  they  be  made  public  by 
the  committee. 

The  motion  was  seconded. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER,  of  Virginia  Conference.  That  is  a  nega 
tive  motion,  and  I  believe  if  our  brother  would  think  a  moment  he 
would  see  that  it  is  not  necessary  to  make  it,  for  unless  we  make  a 
motion  to  distribute,  the  reports  will  not  be  distributed.  Then  the 
point  of  order  would  be  that  we  must  reconsider  the  action  of  the 
Conference  a  moment  ago.  Now,  Mr.  Chairman,  since  you  have  enter 
tained  the  motion,  I  simply  desire  to  say  that,  if  the  reports  are  clis- 


333 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

tributed,  and  I  receive  my  copy  of  each  and  all  of  these  twenty-eight 
reports  together,  and  I  leave  them  at  my  boarding-house  or  give  them 
away,  I  am  responsible,  and  I  have  no  complaint  to  make  to  the  Con 
ference  when  the  question  is  up  for  consideration  if  I  do  not  have  the 
report.  If  I  am  interested  in  a  report  I  have  time  to  consider  it,  and 
I  shall  deal  with  it  from  an  intelligent  knowledge  of  what  it  con 
tains  ;  and  it»  certainly  is  important  for  every  member  of  this  Con 
ference  when  he  gets  a  report  to  take  care  of  it.  They  ought  to  go 
to  the  members  of  the  Conference  as  soon  as  they  can  be  placed  into 
their  hands. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  think  by  common  consent  they  should  be 
distributed. 

REV.  A.  RIGNEY,  of  Illinois  Conference.  The  motion  was  agreed  to 
by  common  consent. 

J.  C.  MYERS,  of  Miami  Conference.     It  was  seconded. 

DR.  FUNK.    I  hope  we  can  get  to  business. 

DR.  SENEFF,  of  Lower  \Vabash  Conference.  I  move  as  a  substitute 
for  Brother  Miller's  motion  that  all  reports,  as  soon  as  printed,  be 
distributed  to  members  of  the  Conference. 

Seconded  by  Rev.  L.  W.  Stahl.  ' 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Well,  brethren,  I  do  not  know  quite  where 
we  are  at.  We  thought  by  common  consent  we  agreed  that  they 
should  be  distributed,  but  of  course  that  is  not  a  formal  action,  and 
there  has  not  been  any  formal  action.  The  courts  don't  recognize 
informal  actions  of  that  kind.  Now  there  is  a  formal  motion  before 
us,  and  that  is  that  they  be  not  distributed,  and  Brother  Seneff  s  mo 
tion  wishes  to  put  it  in  an  affirmative  form;  please  state  it. 

DR.  SENEFF.  That  all  reports,  as  soon  as  printed,  be  put  in  the 
hands  of  the  members  of  the  Conference. 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER.    A  point  of  order.    Do  you  entertain  that  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    Xo. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER.  I  move  that  the  word  "not"  be  stricken 
out  of  this  motion. 

Seconded. 

DR.  SENEFF.  The  word  "not"  is  not  in  that  motion. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  did  not  understand  your  amendment  was 
seconded. 

DR.  SENEFF.  Yes,  I  have  a  second  as  a  substitute  for  Dr.  Miller's 
motion. 

334 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Well,  if  so,  you  can  offer  the  substitute. 
Are  you  ready  for  the  substitute  ? 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER.  I  rise  to  a  point  of  order.  Can  a  substitute 
that  is  directly  opposed  to  a  motion  be  entertained  ? 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  Well,  I  should  think  it  would  change  the 
expression  of  it. 

DR.  D.  R.  MILLER.     This  is  in  direct  opposition  to  it. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  I  think  the  chair  likely  will  have  to  enter 
tain  it  subject  to  your  appeal. 

Question  called  for. 

The  substitute  of  Dr.  Seneff  prevailed. 

REV.  H.  R.  HESS,  of  West  Virginia  Conference.  I  wish  to  say  this : 
I  am  sure,  as  delegate  to  this  honorable  body,  that  when  anything 
of  importance  comes  into  our  hands  as  delegates  we  ought  to  take 
care  of  it,  for  our  people  have  sent  us  here  for  this  purpose,  and  are 
paying  our  expenses  to  this  very  thing.  It  seems  to  me  we  ought 
to  be  wise  enough  to  take  care  of  this  material. 

SENATOR  EDMONDS,  of  Northeast  Kansas  Conference.     I  rise  to  a 
question  of  privilege.    It  is  a  very  important  question,  and  we  want  i^ 
considered  now.     I  ask  for  a  reading  of  that  invitation  for  our  ex 
cursion  to  Holton,  and  then  I  will  explain,  with  the  consent  of  the 
Conference. 

Secretary  Snyder  read  the  invitation. 

SENATOR  EDMONDS.  Now,  Mr.  Chairman,  I  move  that  the  rules  be 
suspended  and  the  Conference  act  on  this  at  once. 

Seconded. 

The  motion  to  suspend  the  rules  did  not  prevail. 

REV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER.    I  call  for  the  order  of  the  day. 

SENATOR  EDMONDS.  I  do  not  think  this  needs  the  suspension  of  the 
rules,  and  I  ask  the  consent  of  this  body  to  let  me  talk  two  minutes. 

VOICES.    Hear,  hear. 

SENATOR  EDMONDS.  You  have  received  a  cordial  invitation  to  take 
a  little  excursion  up  to  Holton,  just  thirty  miles  north  of  here.  It 
will  not  take  you  long  -to  go,  and  it  will  cost  you  very  little.  The 
scenery  is  grand.  Eor  eleven  miles  of  that  ride  to  your  left  is  the 
Pottawottomie  Indian  Reservation.  There  are  possibly  some  of  you 
who  have  never  seen  an  Indian.  Holton  is  a  beautiful  town  and  has 
elegant  citizens.  Our  Campbell  College  is  located  there.  When  we 


335 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

were  clown  at  Frederick,  you  remember,  we  took  an  excursion  down  to 
Baltimore  to  see  your  old  things,  and  now  we  invite  you  to  take  a 
little  excursion  with  us  to  see  the  new  things.  [Applause.]  Some  of 
you  have  never  been  to  Kansas.  Some  of  you  perhaps  will  never  come 
here  again  to  a  General  Conference,  and  we  have  tried  our  very  best, 
as  I  said  we  would  down  at  Frederick,  to  entertain  you  cordially 
and  give  you  the  best  of  everything,  and,  so  far,  I  think  we  have  suc 
ceeded.  Now  we  want  to  show  you  a  little  more,  and  we  want  you  to 
go.  You  can  leave  here  a  little  after  three  o'clock,  arrive  at  Holton 
in  less  than  an  hour;  they  will  provide  carriages  there  to  take  you 
around  town  and  see  the  college,  and  we  will  return  again  at  eight 
o'clock.  You  will  have  a  ride  on  one  of  the  best  railroads  in  the 
State,  the  finest  coaches,  and  the  scenery  will  be  superb.  I  can  assure 
you  you  will  be  well  treated  at  Holton.  I  would  like  for  this  Confer 
ence  to  take  action,  so  they  can  have  everything  in  readiness.  Satur 
day  afternoon  would  be  a  good  time  for  us  to  go,  if  the  Conference 
sees  proper.  If  you  take  action  on  this  now,  there  are  parties  from 
Holton  waiting  here,  who  desire  to  return  and  have  everything  in 
>readiness  for  you.  Will  you  take  action  now,  so  they  will  know  what 
to  do  ?  Mr.  Chairman,  I  move  that  the  Conference  take  action  now  in 
regard  to  this  excursion. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.  The  time  is  here  for  the  order  of  the  day. 
The  Conference  would  have  to  change  the  order  and  suspend  the 
rules. 

KEV.  A.  P.  FUNKHOUSER.  As  soon  as  the  order  of  the  day  is  over  the 
brother's  matter  can  receive  prompt  attention. 

THE  PRESIDING  BISHOP.    At  a  later  time. 

SENATOR  EDMONDS.    \Ve  have  telephones,  and  we  will  notify  them. 

The  order  of  the  day,  the  memorial  service,  was  then  taken  up. 

BISHOP  CASTLE.  Brethren,  will  we  not  put  out  of  our  hands  at  once, 
or  into  silence,  these  papers  that  we  have,  as  we  turn  aside  for  a4  time 
to  consider  the  life,  services,  and  death  of  a  number  of  brothers  of  the 
Church,  who  were  once  members  of  the  General  Conference,  one  of 
the  number  a  bishop  whom  we  all  loved,  so  I  think  we  ought  to  dis 
miss  business  now  and  turn  aside  reverently,  thoughtfully,  prayer 
fully  to  the  consideration  of  the  lives  of  these  persons. 

I  believe  the  first  thing  in  order  is  singing  by  the  Conference.  No. 
204,  "Rock  of  Ages." 


336 


UNITED    BRETHREN    IX    CHRIST 

After  the  singing,  led  by  Professor  Lorenz,  Bishop  Kephart  deliv 
ered  the  following  prayer : 

Thou  Infinite  Spirit,  which  we  recognize  as  God  our  Father,  we  are 
in  this  presence,  as  it  were,  in  the  face  of  our  dead,  to  remember  those 
who  once  sat  in  our  councils  and  are  now  numbered  among  the  dead. 
We  bless  thee,  our  Father,  that  thou  hast  permitted  us  to  come  to 
gether.  We  thank  thee  also  that  we  are  not  only  possessed  of  the 
spirit  to  recognize  thee  as  our  Father  and  God,  and  remember  thy 
mercies,  but  also  to  remember  in  humiliation  before  thee  those  whom 
we  have  laid  away  and  whom  thou  hast  called  from  labor  to  reward. 
May  the  solemnity  of  the  occasion  awe  us  into  reverence,  and,  while 
we  are  together,  and  while  we  are  thus  paying  the  last  tribute  of 
respect  to  those  whose  memory  we  cherish,  may  we  also  remember 
that  the  lot  that  has  fallen  to  them  will,  in  the  near  future,  fall  to 
each  one  of  us,  and  while  I  am  sure  that  what  will  be  commendable 
and  complimentary  of  the  lives  they  have  lived  and  the  work  they  have 
done,  God  grant  that  we  may  be  possessed  of  the  spirit  to  be  disposed 
to  speak  of  the  living  as  well  as  we  are  sure  to  speak  of  them  when 
they  are  dead. 

We  ask  thy  blessings,  our  Father,  upon  this  waiting  assembly;  we 
ask  thy  blessings  upon  the  Church  that  has  sustained  this  loss,  and  we 
rejoice  with  heaven  for  what  heaven  has  gained  by  what  we  have  lost. 
Remember,  we  pray  thee,  oxir  Father,  the  families  that  have  thus 
been  bereft.  Bind  up,  we  ask  thee,  the  sore,  and  dry  up  the  tears  and 
bring  in  that  holy,  peaceful  joy  that  comes  only  from  the  communion 
with  God  into  these  aching  hearts.  These  blessings  we  ask  in  Jesus' 
name.  Amen. 

The  quartet  then  sang  "We  are  going  down  the  valley." 

BISHOP  KEPHART.  Bishop  N.  Castle  will  speak  relative  to  the  life 
of  J.  W.  I-Iott. 

Bishop  Castle  spoke  as  follows : 

MEMORIAL  OF  BISHOP  J.  W.  HOTT. 

I  certainly  think  it  very  fitting  that  this  General  Conference  should 
pause  amid  the  excitements  and  duties  of  the  session  and  give  a  brief 
service  in  memory  of  our  departed  brethren.  I  do  not  think  that  this 
service  will  dejay  our  business.  If  it  shall  do  no  more  for  us  than  lead 
us  for  a  moment  to  bow  our  souls  reverently  before  God,  and  hear  the 
voice  of  the  great  King,  our  Master,  saying,  "Whatsoever  thy  hand 
findeth  to  do,  do  it  with  thy  might,"  it  will  not  be  lost  upon  us.  It 

337 

2-2 


TWENTY-FOURTH    GENERAL    CONFERENCE 

is  to  me  a  great  privilege  to  stand  in  this  presence  for  a  few  moments 
and  speak  a  word  which  shall  be  an  affectionate  tribute  to  my  col 
league. 

Bishop  J.  W.  Hott,  D.  D.,  LL.  D.,  had  one  of  the  richest  legacies 
that  ever  falls  to  mortal  man,  a  high  and  exalted  parentage.  It  was 
given  to  him  to  be  well  born.  As  some  one  has  said,  "Right  genera 
tion  is  a  prelude  to  regeneration."  Pure  parental  blood  flowed  through 
his  veins.  An  unstained  ancestral  heredity  shed  its  perpetual  influ 
ence  on  his  life,  and  doubtless  largely  accounts  for  his  early  con 
sciousness  of  the  divine  heredity,  his  early  call  to  the  ministry,  and 
the  consuming  zeal  whose  remorseless  fires  laid  in  ashes  at  so  early  a 
period  one  of  the  most  charming  forms  that  ever. graced  the  pulpit  of 
our  Church. 

I  think  it  must  be  said  of  him  that  he  surrendered  himself  to  his 
Lord  in  absolute  consecration,  and  in  no  instance  counted  his  life 
dear  unto  himself  as  against  the  call  and  claims  of  duty,  however 
strenuous  and  hazardous  they  might  be. 

Bishop  Hott  was  a  man  of  one  work,  and  to  that  he  conscientiously 
devoted  all  his  energy;  namely,  to  the  upbuilding  of  the  kingdom  of 
God  in  whatever  place  his  lot  and  life  were  cast.  The  passion  of  his 
life  was  the  promotion  of  this  kingdom.  His  feet  knew  but  one  path, 
that  of  duty.  There  were  no  by-paths  in  his  pilgrim  journey.  The 
language  of  his  life  was,  "This  one  thing  I  do."  He  lived,  moved,  and 
had  his  being  in  that  one  thing.  Everything  was  laid  under  tribute 
to  the  work  he  loved  so  well. 

His  ideal  for  the  Christian  and  the  Christian  minister  was  high. 
It  was  not  a  dreamy  type  of  life,  an  unpractical  mysticism,  but  a  life 
of  truest  devotion  to  the  work  to  which  his  Lord  had  called  him.  He 
had  no  greater  joy  than  to  see  those  among  whom  he  labored  coming 
into  the  kingdom  of  God  and  developing  in  Christian  character.  To 
these  ends  he  strenuously  devoted  all  his  powers  of  heart  and  brain. 
He  was  a  flaming  preacher,  possessed  of  large  evangelistic  power,  a 
very  herald  of  the  Cross.  He  has  left  his  mark  011  the  whole  denom 
inational  life,  and  left  a  gracious  influence  of  personal  character  that 
lingers  to-day  in  thousands  of  loving  homes  that  still  are  touched  at 
the  mention  of  his  name. 

He  was  a  teacher,  a  guide,  and  an  inspirer  of  the  young  men  and 
the  young  women  of  our  Church.  Few  men  ever  brought  into  the 
various  official  relations  that  he  sustained  to  the  Church  a  more  gen 
erous  spirit,  and  a  more  thorough  devotion  and  consecration.  The 
strongest  claim,  and  the  most  urgent  plea  that  he  brought  for  official 
recognition  and  preferment  was  the  character  he  sustained  and  his 
eminent  fitness  for  any  position  of  trust  committed  to  him. 

As  a  worker  he  had  great  versatility  of  character.  He  seemed  al 
most  equally  well  qualified  to  be  a  class  leader,  an  exhorter,  a  pioneer 
preacher,  a  city  pastor,  a  presiding  elder,  a  religious  editor,  or  a  gen 
eral  superintendent.  In  all  these  positions  he  could  edify  the  Church 
and  honor  his  Lord. 

338 


UNITED   BRETHREN    IN    CHRIST 

As  a  minister  he  was  earnest  and  powerful,  and  many  were  the  seals 
that  God  set  to  it  in  the  salvation  of  souls.  The  power  of  his  ministry 
never  waned,  but  continued  to  be  one  of  earnestness  and  power,  and 
of  great  profit  to  the  Church,  down  to  the  latest  period  of  it.  I  think 
the  spirit  of  ambition  that  characterized  his  ministry  finds  a  striking 
illustration  in  the  words  of  a  missionary  on  his  way  to  Africa.  On 
the  day  of  his  sailing  he  took  a  ministerial  friend  by  the  hand,  and, 
with  tears  filling  his  eyes,  said,  "If  I  can  reach  Africa,  and  plant  a 
mission  there,  and  find  a  grave  there,  I  shall  feel  that  my  life  has 
been  important  to  the  Church  and  to  mankind."  He  did  live  to  reach 
Africa,  he  did  organize  a  church  there,  he  did  find  a  grave  there. 
Our  beloved  Bishop  Hott  did  not  find  a  grave  in  Africa,  but  his  con 
suming  zeal  for  the  kingdom  of  God  and  the  Church