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LEGISLATIVE HISTORY 


Public Law 374—80th Congress 
Chapter 505—1st Session 
F. R. 3738 


TABLE OF CONTENTS 


Digest of Public Law 374 .... 

Index and Summary of History on H. 


.1 

3738 . . . . 1 
































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201792 


DIGEST OF PFKLIC U’.'i 374 

LIVESTOCK SUBSIDIES. Authorizes the payment of subsidies 
retroactive to 1943 to certain non-processing livestock 
slaughterers who would have been eligible for such sub¬ 
sidies under an Econonic Stabilization directive, effective 
July 23, 1945, had the directive been made effective on 
the 1943 date. 


INDEX AND ST WARY OF HISTORY ON F. R. 3733 


February 17, 1947 

April 15, 1947 

June 5, 1947 

June 11, IO 47 

July 14, 1947 

July 16, 1947 

July 17, 1947 

July 21, 1947 
July 22, 1947 

July 23, 1947 

July 24, 1947 
August 6, 1947 


H. R. 1976 was introduced by Rep. Havenner and was refer¬ 
red to the House Committee on Banking and Currency. Print 
of the bill as introduced. (Similar bill). 

S. 1101 was introduced by Senator Downey and was referred 
to the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency. Print 
of the bill as introduced. (Similar bill). 

H. R. 3733 was introduced by Rep. Sikes and was referred 
to the House Committee on Banking and Currency. Print of 
the bill as introduced. 

S. 1429 was introduced by Senator Pepper and was referred 
to the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency. (Companion 
bill). Print of the bill as introduced. 

House Committee approved but did not actually report H. R. 
3733. 

House Committee reported H. R. 3733 with an amendment. 

House Report 951. Print of the bill as reported. 

Senate Committee reported S. 1429 with an amendment. 

Senate Report 576. Print of the bill as reported. 

H. R. 3733 was discussed in the House and passed as reported. 

H. R. 3733 was referred to the Senate and ordered to be 
placed on the Senate Calendar. Print of the bill as referred. 

H. R. 3733 was discussed in the Senate and passed with 
amendments. S. 1429 was indefinitely postponed in view of 
the passage of R. R. 3733. Print of H. R. 3733 as passed 
the Senate. 

The House concurred in the Senate amendments. 

Approved. Public Law 374* 


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80th CONGRESS 
1 st Session 



R. 1976 


IN THE HOUSE OE REPRESENTATIVES 

February 17,1947 

Mr. Havenner introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Com¬ 
mittee on Banking and Currency 


A BILL 

To amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

June 23, 1945. 

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 

3 That Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

4 June 23, 1945, is amended by adding a new section to read 
b as follows: 

b “Sec. 3. Any person who, prior to July 23, 1945, was 
I held not qualified to receive extra compensation payments 

8 under Livestock Slaughter Payments Regulation Numbered 

9 3 of Defense Supplies Corporation, but who thereafter was 
held qualified to receive such extra compensation (pursuant 

11 to amendment 2 of directive 56 of the Director of Economic 




9 


1 Stabilization, issued and effective July 11, 1945, and amend- 

2 ment 8 of said regulation numbered 3, issued pursuant 

3 thereto and effective July 23, 1945), shall be entitled to 

4 receive such extra compensation payments, from Reconstruc- 

5 tion Finance Corporation, or such other Government agency 

6 as may have jurisdiction thereof, for such period of time 

7 prior to July 23, 1945, as such person would have been 

8 entitled to receive if said amendment 2 to said directive 56 

9 and said amendment 8 to said regulation numbered 3 had 
been effective retroactively to April 1, 1944.” 


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80th CONGRESS 
1st Session 


S. 1101 


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES 

April 15 (legislative day, March 24), 1947 

Mr. Downey introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred 
to the Committee on Banking and Currency 


A BILL 

To amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

June 23, 1945. 

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 

3 That Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

4 June 23, 1945, is amended by adding a new section, to read 

5 as follows: 

6 “Sec. 3. Any person who, prior to July 23, 1945, was 

7 held not qualified to receive extra compensation payments 

8 under Livestock Slaughter Payments Regulation Numbered 

9 3 of Defense Supplies Corporation, but who thereafter was 
19 held qualified to receive such extra compensation (pursuant 
11 to amendment 2 of directive 56 of the Director of Economic 




1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 


2 


Stabilization, issued and effective July 11, 1945, and amend¬ 
ment 8 of said regulation numbered 3, issued pursuant 
thereto and effective July 23, 1945), shall be entitled to 
receive such extra compensation payments, from Defense 
Supplies Corporation or such other Government agency as 
may have jurisdiction thereof, for such period of time prior 
to July 23, 1945, as such person would have been entitled 
to receive if said amendment 2 to said directive 56 and 
said amendment 8 to said regulation numbered 3 had been 
effective retroactively to April 1, 1944.” 







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80th CONGRESS T1 f"> 0^700 

1st Session ft. K. 57 DO 


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

June 5,1947 

Mr. Sikes introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Com¬ 
mittee on Banking and Currency 


A BILL 

To amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

June 23, 1945. 

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled , 

3 That Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

4 June 23, 1945, is amended by adding a new section to read 

5 as follows: 

6 “Sec. 3. Any person, firm, partnership, or corporation 

7 who, prior to the issuance of amendment numbered 1, dated 

8 July 5, 1945, with effective date July 15, 1945, and amend- 

9 ment numbered 2, dated July 11, 1945, with effective date 

10 July 22, 1945, respectively, to Directive Numbered 56 of the 

11 Office of Economic Stabilization (said amendments being the 




2 


1 same in substance as amendments numbered 7 and 8, respec- 

2 tively, of the Livestock Slaughter Payment Regulation Num- 

3 bered 3 of tbe Defense Supplies of the Reconstruction Finance 

4 Corporation), was held not qualified to receive extra com- 

5 pensation payments as nonprocessing slaughterers; but who 

6 upon issuance of the above amendments to the Directive 

7 56 of the Office of Economic Stabilization became quali- 
3 • lied and eligible, or was declared or determined qualified 
9 and eligible by the Director of the Office of Economic 

Stabilization to receive such extra compensation payments 

11 as nonprocessing slaughterers from the Reconstruction 

12 Finance Corporation or such other Government agency as 

1 3 may have jurisdiction thereof, for such period of time prior 

14 to the issuance of said amendments, as such person, firm, 

15 partnership, or corporation would have been entitled to 

16 receive if said amendments 1 and 2 of said Directive 56 

17 and said amendments 7 and 8 of said regulation 3 had been 

18 effective retroactively to amendment 2 to regulation 3 dated 

19 October 26, 1943. And the said Reconstruction Finance 
-9 Corporation or such other Government agency with juris- 
-"1 diction to make subsidy payments is hereby authorized and 

diiected to pay such retroactive subsidy payments to such 
7 3 :,fc nts as qualify under this Act as amended.” 

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80th CONGRESS 
1st Session 


S. 1429 


IN THE SENATE OE THE UNITED STATES 

June 11 (legislative clay, April 21 ), 1947 

Mr. Pepper introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred 
to the Committee on Banking and Currency 


A BILL 

To amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

June 23, 1945. 

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 

3 That Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

4 June 23, 1945, is amended by adding a new section to read 

5 as follows: 

6 “Sec. 3. Any person, firm, partnership, or corporation 
I who, prior to the issuance of amendment numbered 1, dated 

8 July 5, 1945, with effective date July 15, 1945, and amend- 

9 ment numbered 2, dated July 11, 1945, with effective date 
19 July 22, 1945, respectively, to Directive Numbered 56 of the 




1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

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2 


Office of Economic Stabilization (said amendments being the 
same in substance as amendments numbered 7 and 8, respec¬ 
tively, of the Livestock Slaughter Payment Kegulation Num¬ 
bered 3 of the Defense Supplies of the Deconstruction Einance 
Corporation), was held not qualified to receive extra com¬ 
pensation payments as nonprocessing slaughterers; but who 
upon issuance of the above amendments to the Directive 
56 of the Office of Economic Stabilization became quali¬ 
fied and eligible, or was declared or determined qualified 
and eligible by the Director of the Office of Economic 
Stabilization to receive such extra compensation payments 
as nonprocessing slaughterers from the Deconstruction 
Einance Corporation or such other Government agency as 
may have jurisdiction thereof, for such period of time prior 
to the issuance of said amendments, as such person, firm, 
partnership, or corporation would have been entitled to 
receive if said amendments 1 and 2 of said Directive 56 
and said amendments 7 and 8 of said regulation 3 had been 
effective retroactively to amendment 2 to regulation 3 dated 
October 26, 1943. And the said Deconstruction Einance 
Corporation or such other Government agency with juris¬ 
diction to make subsidy payments is hereby authorized and 
directed to pay such retroactive subsidy payments to such 
claimants as qualify under this Act as amended.” 



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HOLJCAYSt — R eceived a St. Helena Post Catholic War Veterans* 
that Good Friday he made a national holiday (p. 9043). 




23 - 


SUBSIDIES, The Banking.and Currency Committee ordered (hut did not actually re¬ 
port) reported H.E. 3733* to provide retroactive subsidy payments to certain 
slaughterers (p. D 532 ). 


inuMflflWMain * 


24. LAUDS. The Public Lands Committee ordered (hut did not actually report) reported 
1330, to abolish the Jackson Hole Rational Monument (pp. D532— 3 ) • 

IRRIGATION WORKS. The Public Lands C onn itted ordered (but did. not actually r&r 
>ort) reported H.R. 3&34, to.authorize a project for the rehabilitation of^cer- 
k nin works of the Fort Sumner irrigation district, N.Mex. (pp. D532-3)* f 

_ 

26 . RECLAMATION. H.R. JEJ2 (see Digest 132 ), as reported, amends the Recl^g^ation 
Projec\Act of 1939 20 ns to include among the purposes to which tho^estinated 
costs of\proposed Federal reclamation projects may b & allocated coPrain addi¬ 
tional purposes, including recreation, salinity and silt controLf to authorize 
re examination of projects heretofore authorized for the purpos^'of determining 
whether any pal^t of their costs is allocable to fish and wildlife preservation 
and to such a.ddrtJ.onnl nonreimbursable purposes and to permit allocations to 
such purposes where appropriate; to provide for nonreimbp^'sability of operation 
and maintenance cost« attributable to nonreimbursable n^frposes; and to reduce 
the rate of interest f-equired be returned on the p^rer investment from 3 to 
3 §r percent, 

SILLS INTROHJ CED 

27 . STRATEGIC MATERIALS. S. 1627 , l^Sen. Gurney* S.Dak. (by request), to amend thr 
Strategic and Critical Materials , S$ock PiLfhg Act (probably to reimburse CCC 
for materials transferred to stock\j.les»). To Armed Services Committee, (p.8995*) 

28. SOIL CONSERVATION; TAXATION. H.R. 4lS#Xi>y Rep. Curtis, Nebr., to provide for 
the deduction from gross income fon-^income^tax purposes of expenses incurred by 
farmers for the nurpose of soil observation and leveling land used or to be 

) . used in farming operations. To/ways and Meante Committee, (p. 9043*) 

29. VETERANS’ BENEFITS; LOANS. jO. 4l87, by Rep. KeWey, N.Y., "to amend subsec- * 

tion (d) of section 500 o^the Servicemen* s Readjustment Act of 1944." To Vet¬ 
erans* Affairs Committed (p. 9^43•) 

30. R.F.C. H.R. 4l95, by/llep. Rains, Ala., "to amend the Reconstruction Finance Cor¬ 

poration Act.Tq/Banking and Currency Committee, (p. 9o43.) 

31- PERSONNEL. H.R/4197* by Rep. Rees.,. Kans.., to amend the Classification Act so as 
to. clarify tl ?6 meaning of references in the act to number of Employees super¬ 
vised and £ 4 ze of organization unit. To Post Office and Civil Service Committee. 

. (p. 9943^ 

52. PRIC f H.Con.Res. 71* by Rep. Seely-Brown, Conn., establishing a joint Com¬ 
mit 3 to investigate high prices of consumer goods. To Rules Commit tee. \.(p. 
*.) 



PEANUT QUOTAS. H.R. 4l24 (see Digest 130) amends the peanut-marketing quota pro¬ 
visions of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933, as amended, by providing 











- 3 - 


•eport states: . . 

"Of the operating funds the committee has allowed $3,000,000 for resource 
development bind $1,483*000 for fertilizer research,'with a directive to th 
agency that there he submitted a report to the committee showing that th eJftfk 
program of research is fully coordinated with the Department of Agriculti^ 1 
research program. ■' ' / --r r . :r 

"The oannittee does not concur in the plan provided hy the House faf* the 
anor sizavion of the TYA power investment hut has made provision foryxhe repay¬ 
ment of $10V>00,000 in 1943 as was provided hy the House. The Com/roller Gen¬ 
eral has madman exhaustive study of TVA and will shortly submit jtu the Con- 
gress his report, which'will include recommendations for repayma/t. The com¬ 
mittee believes \jugislation should await the consideration of jfnis report." 

Regarding Sec's. 30\and 103» the report states: 

"Objections -raised by the corporations affected by seclJlpns 307 and 308 of 
the hill centered on we inability of the corporations tc/forecast their budget 
needs so far in advanceSpf the period in which expenditures would be incurred. 
The complaint was' repeated in each instance that budggff restrictions would ham¬ 
per the flexibility of corporate action — flexibility being the prime reason 
for using the corporate for.’W to discharge a Government function. 

"The committee carefully ^alyzed both of thesar soctions at considerable 
length and came to the inescapable conclusion tton; both provisions arc in the \ 
category of substantive lcgislaw^m. Hence, tirey violate the intent of the 
Legislative Reorganization Act ofW46 that s/fch legislation should not be made 
part of any appropriations neasureX These auctions have been deleted, there¬ 
fore, although the committee sincere^ hop & that they will be given due consid¬ 
eration by the appropriate committees\f ihc House and Senate at a subsequent 
tine*" w * 


15oMILK PRICE SUPPORTS. ■-The AgricultuT Committ<lfe reported with amendment H.R.3370, 

■ to make specific prof is ion. for m/Lk-price supports (H^R-epfi. 906) (p. 9043). 

16»UAP- PC!7ERS; SCIENCE FOUNDATIOITy- LANDS. * The Rules^ommittee reported resolut ions 
-for t-ie consideration of S.J^Res. 123, termimtingXertain war a.nd emergency 
powers ; H.xw ^102, establish a National Science foundation; and H„R. 3043, to 

..-transfer the Crab Orchard^ roject to Interior DepartneSd ( pp . 9033, 9043). 

17.LEGISLAT 1 ^ APPROPRIATION DILL, 1948. -Received the 'co nfeWice report on this bill 
n._ c 3993 (pp c 9033-4/* As reported by the conferees, theWll includes $12,000 
for liquidation of notion-picture project and $450,000 \r the Legislative 
. 1eierence Service y % - 

18* WILDLIFE* The Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee reported V thout amend¬ 
ment -*R. !1QP, to reduce the area of the Parker River National \ldlif e Refuge. 
. Essex Count/, Mass. (H.Rept. 905) (p. 9043). ' ~ 

19. 'COTTOITSEED^TATISTICS. The' Post .Office and Civil Service Committee r\rtcd wit! 
amendnejfts L.R. 4l09, to amend the act authorizing the C ensus Dureau tVcollect 
. and polish statistics of cottonseed and its products (H*Rept« 90S) ( P .\p43). 

20* RECITATION. The Public Lands C omni't'tc G reported with amendment H.R. 1597, 

r/Locaoe and reduce the boundaries of the Gila Federal Reclamation project 
f-ppt. 910; Cp* 9043)* 

MINERALS. The Public Lands Committee reported with amendment 
c -° b7 ’ t0 P crnlt ninmg locations in the State Park Game Sanctuary of Harnc; 



















1947 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—DAILY DIGEST 


D53I 


following nominations were ordered favorably 
reported to the Senate: A. Roy Ashley, to be U. S. mar¬ 
shal fomwestern district of S. C.; T. Vincent Quinn of 
N. Y., to\e U. S. assistant Attorney General; Leo P. 
Flynn, to be\J. S. attorney for S. Dak.; and Alton Adolor 
Lessard, to be'U. S. attorney for Maine. 

SOLICITOR GENERAL 

Committee on the Judiciary: Subcommittee heard fur¬ 
ther informative testimony on the nomination of Philip 
B. Perlman, to be U. S.^olicitor General, from the fol¬ 
lowing witnesses: Mr. Perlman, John G. Barrett, N. 
Frank Fitzpatrick, and Pau^A. Ahlstrom, all of Balti¬ 
more. 

BILLS ON INSULAR AFFAIRS, \>UBLIC LANDS, 
AND INDIANS 

Committee on Public Lands: In executive session, com¬ 
mittee approved the following 23 bills otwhich the first 
15 deal with Indians: S. 1372, authorizing Wyandotte 
Tribe to sell tribal cemeteries, amended^!. R. 981, 
relative to refund of taxes illegally paid b\ Indians; 
H. R. 3323, relative to determination of bonusVdue of 
oil, gas, and mining leases on Osage mineral reserVtion; 
H. R. 2886, sale of land of Richard Little Light; n^R. 
2885, to issue patent to Becker Little Light; H. R. 2f 
to provide school facilities in Mahnomen, Itasca, Pin<^ 
Becker, and Cass counties, Minn.; H. R. 2484, relative 
to payments for logging of timber for Menominee 
Indians; H. R. 2151, patent to Erie E. Howe; H. R.^ 
2097, on ownership and sale of timber on norther 
Cheyenne Indian Reservation; H. R. 1882, to proyue 


funds for Indian school at Walker, Minn.; H. R. i486, 
land patent to Alice Scott White; H. R. 1337, to pay $50 
per capita payment to the Red Lake Band of Chipjfewas; 
H. R. 734, to declare Quinaielt Tribe of Indians the 
proper party plaintiff to certain lands (Case now in 
Court of Claims); H. R. 205, granting citizenship to 
Metlakahtla Indians of Alaska; and H. W. 3173, clarify¬ 
ing laws applicable to lands of Five Cyfilized Tribes of 
Oklahoma. 

The following three are relate to public lands: 
S. 1368, to increase size of isolated tracts or parcels of 
public domain which may bcjSbld; H. R. 2938, fixing 
price of copies of records funfished by Dept, of Interior, 
amended; and S. 1220, transfer portion of Acadia Na¬ 
tional Park, Maine, frora^nterior to Navy jurisdiction. 

The following five are relative to Alaska: H. R. 175, 
to give Governor < 4 pAlaska power to pardon and to 
remit fines and foj^eitures; H. R. 187, to amend law to 
include air transportation for Federal employees and 
their families Jesiding in Alaska; H. R. 1554, to facili¬ 
tate the worjS>f Alaska Road Commission by aiding it in 
obtaining ifghts-of- way; H. R. 1609, to provide for zon¬ 
ing pow^f in town sites on public lands in Alaska; and 
H. R J3343, to provide compensation to members of 
Alasjfii Game Commission for time and services spent in 
investigations and hearings. 

JOVERNMENT CONTRACTS 

^Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense: 
Committee met in executive session with officials of the 
lO to discuss the recent GAO report to Congress on 
theVrmination of Government contracts. 


House rif Representatives 


Chamber Action 


Bills Introduced: Fifteen public biU^H. R. 4183-4197; 
two private bills, H. R. 4198 and ^199; and seven reso¬ 
lutions, H. Res. 288-291, H. J. Re^38, and H. Con. Res. 
70 and 71, were introduced. / p age 9043 

Bills Reported: Bills and jjesolutions were reported, as 
follows: 

H. Res. 288, rule waiting all points of order against, 
and granting 1 houGrgeneral debate on S. J. Res. 123, 
to repeal certain emergency statutes (H. Rcpt. 902); 

H. Res. 289, ride waiving points of order against, and 
granting 1 hours general debate on H. R. 4102, Na¬ 
tional SciencyFoundation bill (H. Rept. 903); 

H. Res. 290, rule waiving all points of order against 
and granting 1 hour’s general debate on H. R. 3403, 
providing for transfer of certain lands to the Secretary 
of tly/lnterior (H. Rept. 904); 

R. 4108, reducing area of Parker River National 
hldlife Refuge, Mass. (H. Rept. 905); 


H. R. 3370, directing Secretary of Agriculture to sup¬ 
port price of mil\(H. Rept. 906); 

H. R. 2347, private claim bill (H. Rept. 907); 

H. R. 4109, authoneing Census Bureau to furnish re¬ 
ports on stocks and consumption of related fats and oils 
(H. Rept. 908); 

H. R. 1109, providing foKi national cemetery in every 
State and Territory (H. RepKpop); 

H. R. 1597, relocate boundaries and reduce area of 
the Gila reclamation project (HSRept. 910); 

H. R. 2502, providing for general welfare and ad¬ 
vancement of the Klamath Indians irt^)regon (H. Rept. 
911); and 

H. R. 2867, permitting mining locatidtas under U. S. 
mining laws within the game sanctuary oi the Harney 
National Forest (H. Rept. 912). \ page 9043 

Appropriations: The Committee on Appropriations 
was granted permission to file, by midnight July 14, 
conference report on H. R. 3993, legislative appropria¬ 
tion bill for 1948, and H. R. 3123, Interior Department 
appropriation bill for 1948. p ag es 9033-9034 





D532 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—DAILY DIGEST 

)eath of Hon. Joseph J. Mansfield: Agreed to H. Res/ 


July 14 


29a, a resolution calling for immediate adjournment 
thesHouse and suitable expressions of condolence to/be 
extended as a mark of respect to the memory of Mon. 
Joseply J. Mansfield, Ninth Congressional Distinct of 
Texas\vho passed away on Saturday, July 12.^ 
Pursuant to this resolution, the Speaker 
Representatives Patman, Johnson of Texasf Combs,, 
Pickett, anti Clippinger as members of the funeral com¬ 
mittee on tnfepart of the House. / Page 9042 

Program for ^Tuesday: The House adjourned at 1:48 
p. m., until 10V m., Tuesday, July iy when business 
of the Committee on the District of Columbia, District 
Day, will be in orfjer. 


1 


imittee Meetings 


Reports on Ct 

FOOT AND MOUTH\DISEASI 

Committee on Agriculture: Special Subcommittee on 
Eradication of Foot and^Movtth Disease held hearings 
and heard Preston Richar<Wn and M. T. Morgan, De¬ 
partment of Agriculture; (m 1 . Barksdale, War Depart¬ 
ment; Paul Revely, Stater Department; Messrs. Gregg 
and Tirling, Maritime Commission. 

UNIVERSAL MILITv 

Committee on,. Armed Services: Education and Train¬ 
ing Subcommittee/met in executive session and an¬ 
nounced the decision to complete subcommittee action 
on universal military training this sessibn. 

Legal Subcommittee met on various Bills and ordered 
favorably reported to the full committed^ with amend¬ 
ments, the fallowing: H. R. 2964, San AntViio Arsenal; 
H. R. 34iVand H. R. 3735, Santa Rosa Island. H. R. 
108, Fort/chuyler, N. Y., was held over, awair^ig receipt 
of additional reports. 

FDIC/STOCK—SUBSIDIES 

Corrfmittee on Banking and Currency: ConcludecWiear- 
ing( on S. 1070, to provide for the cancellation of\the 
pital stock of the FDIC and refund of moneys 
reived for such stock, and heard Maple T. Harl, Chaff- 
hnan Board of Directors, FDIC, who testified in favor of 
ihejfiiL 


Met in executive session and ordered favorably re¬ 
ported to the House H. R. 3738, to amend Public Law 88, 
79th Cong., providing subsidy payments to certain 
slaughterers, retroactively. 


HOME RULE 

Commmfrscmthe District of Columbia: SuperTmmittee 
on Home Rule^s^Reorganization copwfiued hearings 
on home rule for the^di^trict o£j@t 5 lumbia, and heard 
Dr. Robert A. Maurer, vic^p^^sident, D. C. Board of 
Education, on whethej^ad 5 oard wa?*pi^erable to a single 
administrator; Edg^rMorris, chairman^Bv^C. Board of 
Public Wdjiaffffand Harry S. Wender, chairm 9 »^P. C. 
Boar^efRecreation, both of whom discussed the sa! 
ject. Hearings will continue tomorrow. 


MINIMUM WAGE 

Committee on Education and Labor: Subcommittee 
Wages and Hours of Labor concluded hearings on H. R. 
3086, increasing minimum wage rates, and heard Repre¬ 
sentative Murray, who testified in favor of the bill but 
suggested the inclusion of agricultural workers; Herbert 
Ferster, Men’s Clothing Industry, New York, whp testi¬ 
fied \favor of the bill; and John H. Todd, representa¬ 
tive, Rational Cotton Compressors and Cottoh Ware- 
housen\ns Association, who testified in opposition to 
the bill. 

f 


STATE DEPARTMENT 


l 


Committee\pn Expenditures in the Executive Depart¬ 
ments: Subcommittee on State Department Organiza¬ 
tion and Personnel heard John E. Peurjfoy, State De¬ 
partment, on Organizational problems of the State De¬ 
partment. \ j 

IONS 


L ORGANIZATK 

Affairs: Subcommittee on In- 


INTERNATIO 

Committee on F< 
ternational Organisations and Lajfr met in executive 
session on H. R. 40m, International Organizations Pro¬ 
curement Act. 


ANTIPOLL TAX \ / 

Committee on House Administration : Continued hear¬ 
ings on various anti-poll-wx bjlls, and heard Representa¬ 
tives Clason, Williams of Mississippi, and Dawson. 
Hearings will continue tomorrow. 

INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE 

/ \ 

Committee on Interstatepand^Foreign Commerce: Met 
to hear Members of Cpngresaon bills introduced by 

I ore the Vommittee, as per the 

mt on tfte floor of the House 
heard Representatives Andrews 
. 3730; Jackson (Wash.), spon- 
, sponsor of H. R. 3841; Howell, 
and H. R.\f02i; Bulwinkle, 
filler (Conn.)\sponsor of H. R. 
oonsor of H. R. 4092; Wolver- 
3751, H. R. 359K, H. R. 3925, 
and H. R. 4ii4;\avits, sponsor 
onsor of H. R. 409^and Bender, 
. 

fIZATION 

ciary: Met in executive session 
ported to the House HYR. 3980, 
d corporations expeditiously to 
a of their financial structures; 
inancial securities; and foi\>ther 

■~ ’ . ' ; - v 

—EVERGLADES—INDIANS 

T umds: Full committee met 
dered favorably reported to t 
s: H. R. 1597, relocating bound- 



















- 3 - 


ITER POLLUTION* Passed with amendments S. 4lS, to provide for wate'p—pollution- 
intro 1 activities in the U.S. Public Health Service (pp. 9207~9)* 

L . ' / 

V / 

\ 

PERS^TPEL; .VETERANS. Passed over S* 999* to amend the Veterans* Preference .Act 
with Vespect to preference accorded in Eederal employment to disabled veterans 
(p. 92b£). 


20 . 


21 . 


22 . 


23- 


24. 


25 . 



FEDERAL AIi\T0 EIUCATION. Passed over on objection S. 472, to authorize appro¬ 
priation of\funds to assist the States and Territories in financing/a minimum 
foundation education program of public elementary and secondary scfiools(pe 9203 )* 

NATIONAL FORESTEj^Passed over on objection S.J,Res. 118, to authorize sale of 
timber within the^Tongass National Forest (pp. 920*V92l6). 

DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME/V Passed over on objection S. l4Sl, to/'authorize the D.C, 
Commissioners to establish daylight saving time in D,C. ' (p. 9210). 

/ 

\ f 

FOREIGN AFFAIRS. Passed over on objection S.j.Res. 4gf, authorizing appropria¬ 
tions for the construction^ operation, and maintenance of the western land 
boundary fence project and Grande Border fenc/ project (p. 9210). 

COTTONSEED STATISTICS. Discussed and passed oy/^ir on objection S. l497» relat¬ 
ing the collection and publication of cottonseed and cottonseed products statis¬ 
tics (pn. 9210 - 1 ). \ / 

\ / 

PERSONNEL; VETERANS. Passed over on oVjpetion S. 4l6, to extend veterans’ pref¬ 
erence benefits to widowed mothers of pertain ex-servicemen (p. 9214). 


HOUSE 




26 . 


/ 


27. 


28. 


RESEARCH. Passed with amendment s^H.R. 4102, tto create a National Science Found¬ 
ation (pp. 9236-70). S. 526 , tlic National Sci^pce Foundation bill as passed by 
the Senate was then passed with an amendment inerting the language of HcR.4l02 
(p. 9270 ). An amendment by. '*ep. Robert son, - N.Dak\, to provide a formula for 
apportionment-of the funds'* among the States^was rejected (pp. 926*4—8). 

EXECUTIVE ORGANIZATION. -‘'Rep. Brown (Ohio) and Rep. Ma^sco (Ala), Herbert Hoover, 
and James Rowe, Jr., t/ere appointed by the Speaker to b\wnembers of the Com¬ 
mission on Organization of tile Executive Branch (p. 92 

/ \ 

LANDS. The Publ yf Lands Committee reported with amendments H>R. 3533• to auth¬ 
orize investigation and reports on projects for reclaiming laft^ls by drainage 
(H.Ropt. 942)/(p. 9288). \ • 

The Public Lands Committee reported with an amendment H.R. ^59» to pro¬ 
vide for the settlement of certain Alaska lands by veterans (H.Rept,*944) (p. 9288 ). 

WAR DEPARTMENT MILITARY APPROPRIATION BILL, 1948. Conferees' were appointed on 
this mil, H.R. 3678 (p. 9224). Senate conferees were appointed July 


29 . 

30. INDEPENDENT OFFICES APPROPRIATION BILL, 1948. Reps. Wiggles worth, Phillips-, 


/ 


ndepi 

Robertson, Coudert, Hendricks, Andrews (Ala.), end Thomas (Tex.) were appointed 
conferees on. this bill, H.R. 3^39 (p* 9224). Senate conferees appointed July 15* 

LATIN AMERICA. The Foreign Affairs Committee reported without amendment H.R. 
4l6g, to reincorporate the Institute of Inter-American Affairs (H.Rept. 9^^) 

(p. 9289). . . 

The Foreign Affairs Committee reported without amendment H.J.Res. 231 pro¬ 
viding for U.S„ membership in the Caribbean Commission (H.Rept.956) (p. 9289)* 






32e SURPLUS PROPERTY; FLOOD COHTROL. The Expenditures in the'ExecutiveJi^Trtnent s 
Committee report^iwithout anendnent S. 1515* to nake surplus^f'Cmir1y avail¬ 
able for the alleviation., of damage caused by flood or oj^artfPcatastrophe (H.Rept, 

. 959) (p. 92S9)* \ 


33» PURCHASING; FOREIGN AFFAIRS. The Forebg*<lS‘fairs Committee reported with amend¬ 
ments HcRr 4010, to authorize araxrgency o^T^tije U^S. Government to furnish or 
to procure and furnish materials, supplies, ande^uippe n t to public internat- 
ional organizati on sou^^reinbur sable basis (HlRept. 9228). 


34. PERSOlUIEL^^Kie^ Pos t Office and Civil Service Committee reported^THlg^amendnents 
H.R/s^f3?}*. to provide for the protection of veterans and career—service^scij^loy- 
fes in connection,.with reduction in force in the Federal service (H.Rept ,,91 

(p* 9288)» * 


35* LIVESTOCK SUBSIDIES* The Banking and Currency Committee reported with amendment 
H*R. 3738 , to authorize retroactive subsidies to certain livestock, slaughterers 
who became eligible under a regulation effective July 23, 19^5* changing the 
definition of a non-processing slaughterer(H* Rept* 95l) (t>* 9288 ), 


36 . ROADS. Received from the Interior Department a proposed bill to extend the Fed¬ 
eral -Aid Road Act to-Alaska and to transfer certain functions of the Interior 
Department to the Public Roads Administration (p* 9288 ) , s 


37 ' 


Cor: 


LIC WORKS. Agreed to H«Res 0 211 authorising and dir-ecting the Public 
it tee to conduct surveys ot certain works of improvement (p* 927 ' 


>rks 


3Sr. FOREIGN RELIEF.. Repo Ellis, V.Vk., urged a careful investigation 
, relief program before we consider any new proposal (pp 0 9224-5),. 


our foreign 


\ 


>V 


39» HEALTH; FOREIGNAFFAIRS, The Foreign Affair’s Committee ordered reported (but 
did not actually report) W..J -Eos* l6l* to authorize U.,>S^/participation in a 
World Health Organ!: 


40c WILDLIFE. . The Merchant 

not actually report) S„ 6l 
ional Forest; and H.Jlo 4018 
erty no longer nectled by the age 
wildlife purposes to State wildlif 
in wildlife conservation (p„ D549) 


Fi sheries 


orizing a 


tee ordered reported (but did 
refuge m Francis Marion Nat- 
^horizing the/transfer' of Government real prop- 

ling it, and chiefly valuable for ^ 


co nt j 


:ies or the Interior Department for use 


BI1 


I1TTR0DI 


' » s * 

4l„ MARKETING. S. l64o, by Son. Russell, Ga», providing for grants to aid in estab¬ 
lishing farmers' markets,- To Agriculture and For^try Committee, (p* 9172 .) 


42o COLUMBIA VALLEY AUTHORITY. S. 1647, by Sen. Taylor, IdhEto (for himself and 
others), to establish a Columbia Valley. Authority to provide for integrated 
water control and resource development on the Columbia RivciSy etc* To Public 
Works CommitWe. Remarks of author* (pp e 9172-4.) 


43= PERSONNEL S. 1644, by Sen. 0 T Conor, Md», to amend the Veterans* t i*spcrence 

Act spKas to permit rcscissipn of prior-agency action in complying with recon— 
^4c CSC pursuant to appeals taken by urefer.ence cnployees^v To 
“tvil Service Committee. (p a 9172 *) 

H c R. 4236, by Rep* Morrison, La., to amend the Civil Service Act to renc 
certain discrimination with respect to the appointment of persons having any 
physical handicap to positions in tho classified civil servicco To Post Office 









80th Congress ) HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
1 st Session ) 


Report 
No. 951 


CERTAIN PAYMENTS TO NONPROCESSING 
SLAUGHTERERS 


July 16, 1947.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State 
of the Union and ordered to be printed 


Mr. Wolcott, from the Committee on Banking and Currency, 

submitted the following 

REPORT 

[To accompany H. R. 3738] 


The Committee on Banking and Currency, to whom was referred 
the bill (H. R. 3738 ) to amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, 
approved June 23 , 1945 , having considered the same, report favorably 
thereon with an amendment and recommend that the bill as amended 
do pass. 

The amendment is as follows: 

Strike out all beginning on page 1, line 6, and insert in lieu: 

Sec. 3. Any person who, after the issuance of amendment numbered 1 (dated 
July 5, 1945) or amendment numbered 2 (dated July 11, 1945) to Directive 
Numbered 56 of the Director of Economic Stabilization, and pursuant to the 
* authority thereof, became qualified and eligible, or was declared or determined 
by such Director to have the necessary qualifications or eligibility, to receive 
extra compensation payments as a nonprocessing slaughterer (such person pre¬ 
viously having been held not qualified to receive extra compensation payments 
as a nonprocessing slaughterer), shall be entitled to receive such extra compensa¬ 
tion payments for such period of time prior to July 23, 1945, as such person 
would have been entitled to receive if such Directive Numbered 56, and amend¬ 
ments numbered 1 and 2 thereto, and any such determination by such Director, 
had become effective November 1, 1943. The Reconstruction Finance Corpora¬ 
tion is authorized and directed to make the extra compensation payments which 
any person is entitled to receive pursuant to this section. As used in this section 
the term “person” includes an individual, firm, partnership, or corporation. 

In late 1942 , Revised Maximum Price Regulation 169 was put into 
effect fixing the ceiling prices at which beef was sold by slaughterers. 
This order worked a hardship on the so-called nonprocessing slaughter¬ 
ers, who sold practically all of the beef produced by them in carcass 
form; the nature of their business did not afford them an opportunity 
to profit from the higher prices allowed on refined or processed meats. 
In order, therefore, to have a uniform price, structure for all slaughter¬ 
ers and in order not to depress the price paid to livestock producers, a 







2 CERTAIN PAYMENTS TO NONPROCESSING SLAUGHTERERS 

special subsidy program was put into effect November 1, 1943 , for 
nonprocessing slaughterers, who comprised roughly 15 percent of the 
slaughterers of the country. The original special subsidy to non¬ 
processing slaughterers was 80 cents per hundredweight. 

The regulation setting forth qualifications for eligibility in the 
program was issued by Defense Supplies Corporation, which then 
administered the program. Those eligible to the extra compensation 
were slaughterers who, during any 6 months period in 1942 , slaughtered 
their own cattle and sold 98 percent or more of the cattle slaughtered 
by them in carcass form. Later, by amendment No. 1, dated July 
5 , 1946 , to Directive 56 issued by the Office of Economic Stabilization, 
the base period wasdbroadened so that the qualifying period could be 
any representative period as determined by the Director from January 
1 , 1941 , and up to October 1, 1943 . Amendment No. 2 to Directive 
56 permitted a slaughterer to qualify if during the representative 
portion of the base period the slaughterer killed cattle owned by 
another at the time of slaughter but sold in the name of the slaughterer 
as beef. Slaughterers who became qualified under anijendments 1 and 
2 to Directive 56 or who were determined to have the necessary quali¬ 
fications for eligibility received the special subsidy payments there¬ 
after on cattle slaughtered in compliance with the cattle stabilization 
program. 

The committee believes that such persons who became eligible to 
receive and did receive the extra compensation payments as a non- 
processing slaughterer pursuant to Directive 56 and amendments 1 
or 2 thereto should not be denied payments they are entitled to 
because the amendments were made prospective, rather than retro¬ 
active, in effect. It was testified before the committee the slaugh¬ 
terers that would become eligible to receive the retroactive payments 
provided in the bill would be few in number, and probably not more 
than 4 or 5 . Testimony by witnesses before the committee indicated 
that justice requires that this relief be offered. This is especially so 
in view of the fact that section 2 of Public Law 88 of the Seventy- 
ninth Congress permitted under certain conditions a nonprocessing 
slaughterer who had received extra compensation payments, or who 
had repaid such payments, or where such payments were withheld, 
to either retain, be repaid or receive payments retained, in whole or 
in part, upon a determination that the slaughterer believed reasonably 
and in good faith that he was eligible to receive such pa3 7 ments. 

The committee amendment perfects the language of the bill as 
introduced. The committee amendment omits reference to amend¬ 
ments numbered 7 and 8 of the Livestock Slaughter Payment Regu¬ 
lation No. 3 of the Defense Supplies Corporation. These amend¬ 
ments to such regulation were adopted pursuant to the Directive 56 
and amendments 1 and 2 thereto, and for the purpose of accomplishing 
the purposes of the committee amendment they will have the same 
retroactive effect as such Directive 56 and such amendments 1 and 2 
thereto. Since the functions and duties of the Defense Supplies 
Corporation are now being administered by the RFC, the committee 
amendment provides that the RFC make such payments. 

CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW 

In compliance with paragraph 2 a of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by the bill. 




CERTAIN PAYMENTS TO NONPRCftESSING SLAUGHTERERS 3 . 


as introduced are shown as follows (new matter is printed in italics, 
existing law in which no change is proposed is shown in roman): 

Public Law 88, Seventy-Ninth Congress 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of 
America in Congress assembled, That the last paragraph of section 2 (e) of the 
Emergency Price Control Act of 1942, as amended by the Stabilization Extension 
Act of 1944, shall not apply, with respect to operations for the fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1946, to corporations created or operations authorized to be performed 
pursuant to section 5d (3) of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act, as 
amended: Provided, That with respect to such corporations and such operations 
the making of subsidy payments and buying for resale at a loss shall be limited 
as follows: 

(a) Payments or purchases may be made after June 30, 1945, in such amounts 
as may be necessary to fulfill obligations incurred prior to July 1, 1945, with 

I respect to 1945 and prior fiscal-year activities. 

(b) Payments and purchases may be made with respect to operations for the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1946, which involve subsidies and anticipated losses 
as follows: 

(1) With respect to materials or commodities, other than rubber and 
rubber products, produced outside the United States, in an amount not to 
exceed $80,000,000; 

(2) With respect to rubber and rubber products produced outside the 
United States, in an amount not to exceed $60,000,000; 

(3) With respect to materials or commodities produced within the United 
States, as follows: 

(A) Meat in an amount not to exceed $595,000,000; 

(B) Butter in an amount not to exceed $100,000,000; 

(C) Flour in an amount not to exceed $190,000,000; 

(D) Petroleum and petroleum products in an amount not to exceed 
$290,000,000; 

(E) Copper, lead, and zinc, in the form of premium payments, in an 
amount not to exceed $88,000,000; and 

(F) Other materials or commodities in an amount not to exceed 

$ 100 , 000 , 000 : 

Provided, That in the event the entire amount of any of the above allocations is 
not required for its purpose, the unused portion of such allocation, but not to 
exceed 10 per centum of such allocation, may be used for making such payments 
on and purchases of any other item or items enumerated in this Act, as may be 
determined by the Director of Economic Stabilization: Provided further, That 
the premium price plan for copper, lead, and zinc shall be extended until June 

> 30, 1946, on the same terms as heretofore, except that all classes of premiums 
shall be noncancelable unless necessary in order to make individual adjustments 
of income to specific mines; and that the Metals Reserve Company shall purchase 
during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1946, at its 1944 price schedule, bauxite 
produced from such of the underground mines as supplied bauxite to the Metals 
Reserve Company during 1944 and in such quantities as the Bureau of Mines 
determines as being subject to permanent loss if not removed prior to June 30, 
1946, but not to exceed, however, five hundred thousand long tons. 

Sec. 2. Any slaughterer who heretofore or hereafter shall have received extra 
compensation payments under Livestock Slaughter Payments Regulation Num¬ 
bered 3 of Defense Supplies Corporation (adopted pursuant to directives of the 
Director of- Economic Stabilization) when such slaughterer was not in a class 
eligible for such extra compensation payments, shall be relieved, in whole or in 
part, of obligation to repay the amount thereof and shall be entitled to receive, 
in whole or in part, the amount of such extra compensation payments repaid by 
such slaughterer to, or withheld by Defense Supplies Corporation on account of 
such extra compensation payments, to the extent that it is determined by the 
Director of Economic Stabilization, or any agency of the Government authorized 
by him, that it would be inequitable for Defense Supplies Corporation to require 
repayment by such slaughterer or to retain the amounts so repaid or withheld, 
provided such Director or agency also determines that such slaughterer believed 
reasonably and in good faith that he was eligible to receive such extra compensa¬ 
tion payments: Provided, That any determination by such Director or agency 
under this section shall be reviewable by the Emergency Court of Appeals under 
such rules as such court may prescribe. 



4 CERTAIN PAYMENTS TO NONPROCESSING SLAUGHTERERS 


Sec. 3. Any person, firm, partnership, or corporation who, prior to the issuance of 
amendment numbered 1, dated July 5, 1945, with effective date July 15, 1945, and 
amendment numbered 2, dated July 11, 1945, with effective date July 22, 1945, ; 
respectively, to Directive Numbered 56 of the Office of Economic Stabilization ( said, 
amendments being the same in substance as amendments numbered 7 and 8, respec¬ 
tively, of the Livestock Slaughter Payment Regulation Numbered 3 of the Defense \ 
Supplies of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation), was held not qualified to receive 
extra compensation payments as nonprocessing slaughterers; but who upon issuance of 
the above amendments to the Directive 58 of the Office of Economic Stabilization 
became qualified and eligible, or was declared or determined qualified and eligible by 
the Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization to receive such extra compensation I 
payments as nonprocessing slaughterers from the Reconstruction Finance Corporation ' 
or such other Government agency as may have jurisdiction thereof, for such period of 
time prior to the issuance of said amendments, as such person, firm, partnership, or \ 
corporation would have been entitled to receive if said amendments 1 and 2 of said 
Directive 56 and said amendments 7 and 8 of said regulation 3 had been effective 
retroactively to amendment 2 to regulation 3 dated October 26, 1943. And the said 
Reconstruction Finance Corporation or such other Government agency with jurisdiction 
to make subsily payments is hereby authorized and directed to pay such retroactive 
subsidy payments to such claimants as qualify under this Act as amended. 




80 th CONGRESS 
Iot Session 


Union Calendar No. 490 

H. R. 3738 

[Report No. 951] 


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

June 5,1947 

Mr. Sikes introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Com¬ 
mittee on Banking and Currency 

Juey 16,1947 

Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House 
on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed 

[Omit the part struck through and insert the part printed in italic] 


A BILL 

To amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

June 23, 1945. 

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled , 

"V ■ .... ^ 

3 That Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

4 June 23, 1945, is amended by adding a new section to read 

5 as follows: 

6 “Seo. 3t Any person? firm, p a rt ne rs hi p? or corporation 

7 wh o , p rio r to the i ss ua n c e of am e ndm e nt numb e r ed 4? dated 

8 d ai l y 5? 4945? with effective date July 45? 4945? and amcnd - 

9 ment numbered 9? d a t ed J uly 44? 4945? with effective date 























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1947 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—HOUSE 




mSkke use of such a board. I do not take 
issuh with either of these reasonable 
procedures. The danger as many see 
it, lies Ip the fact that the Secretary of 
Defense,'-with his powerful influence on 
policy, is to be a member of a body com¬ 
prised of Secretaries of Army, Navy, and 
Air. 

Here we hav£ % a situation in which the 
general managerssits with his subordi¬ 
nates to decide ov^-all policy in opera¬ 
tion rather than in ftis intended capacity 
as an impartial arbiter and assistant to 
the President. The sibuation must in¬ 
evitably develop whereiX the four su¬ 
preme authorities under \he President 
will arrive at common goafe together, 
and the subsequent report tcNhe Presi¬ 
dent will be based upon common agree¬ 
ment between one civilian anX three 
members of the military. The cXiduct 
of military and naval affairs and the\pn- 
trol of those operations may well be 
tirely removed from the control of tf 
Congress in the absence of a supreme'' 
secretary whose function should prima¬ 
rily be that of an arbiter superior to the 
Secretaries of Army, Navy, and Air, and 
responsible, in turn, directly to the Presi¬ 
dent. Instead of exercising high func¬ 
tions on the policy level, it is more likely 
that the Secretary of National Defense 
will appear before the President and the 
Congress pleading the case of the armed 
forces rather than presenting an objec¬ 
tive statement of fact. All who have had 
occasion to hear witnesses before the 
several committees of the House have 
been struck by the fact that unanimous 
decisions have been arrived at previous 
to hearings and that instructions appear 
to have been issued to the witnesses rela¬ 
tive to policy and testimony prior to their 
appearances before the standing or se¬ 
lect committees. Testimony has become 
largely a matter of departmental agree¬ 
ment rather than of personal opinion. 
The danger inherent in combining these 
four functionaries on one level of dis¬ 
cussion and of command must be appar¬ 
ent to all. The Secretary of National 
Defense must be a man of high and un¬ 
impeachable character, trained in budget 
operation, and of a nature designed toj 
recognize unreasonable pressures whic 
may be exerted against him. As the 
timony before the committee sets fdfth, 
it would have been almost impossitafe for 
Mr. Byrnes, while acting as top/€oordi- 
nator for the war effort, to hiure served 
as the unbiased arbiter of the Jnany diffi¬ 
culties and disputes betweenrthe several 
departmental agencies had he himself 
been the head of one of tfie departments 
concerned. In my opufion, it is essen¬ 
tial that the Secretary of National De¬ 
fense be completely^ divorced from the 
War Council as established in the Na¬ 
tional Security Organization. The wel¬ 
fare and safetjrof the Nation may de¬ 
pend largely upon sound decisions made 
by the Seco^tary of National Defense. 
His opinioas will carry great weight with 
the Comafander in Chief. It appears to 
many qrus that these opinions and de¬ 
cisions’must not be unduly influenced by 
the atmed forces, as they most certainly 
wiU be if the Secretary of National De¬ 
fense is an equal member with common 


powers in the War Council. At the 
proper time during the course of debate 
upon this measure an amendment will 
be offered to separate these activities in 
the chain of command. 

Furthermore, if there be any doubt in 
the minds of the Members, Mr. Speaker, 
it might be well to point out at this time 
that H. R. 4214 is a measure which has 
been in large part conceived, designed, 
and brought into being by the military. 
From my own brief experience in the 
ancient and honorable profession of arms, 

I Can state with complete confidence that 
seldom has the military relinquished any 
powers once granted to it. On the con¬ 
trary, the tendency has been to resist any 
and all efforts to restrict such powers, and 
to add to them as circumstances per¬ 
mitted. I do not go as far in my feeling 
relative to this bill as do some of the 
other Members of the House. There are 
those who state emphatically and cate¬ 
gorically that the measure is incompatible 
with our national traditions, and cpn- 
1 fains little of merit to recommend it tOj 
le attention of this body. To the cor 
trary, it is my belief that there is mi 
of value in the measure. I trust thatH^ne 
will place his consideration of this jfieas- 
ure upoto the basis of his personabCervice 
with either the Army or the Naw. H. R. 
4214 is a \ital a piece of legislation as 
could possibW be conceived he present 
time. The future consequences of our ac¬ 
tion upon this ofh will be or great moment 
in the event of apotheirwar. However, 
and in full justice'tto Jne committee re¬ 
porting the measuresmany of us feel that 
there are inherentyoXigers in several of 
the contemplate^Srovistons. We assume 
that the commmee is wining to listen to 
and give weight to theseXobjections as 
they are voiced by men who have also 
seen war ip all of its fury.\with the 
membersyof the committee we :teek only 
the mosjr perfect instrumentalitjNfor the 
welding together of all of our \rmed 
forest We do demand however, that all 
transactions entered into by the Anny 
k! Navy be subject to public scrutiny 
fnd subject to the will of the Congress.^ 
r We refuse to sanction a military cartel 
which may, by common consent and pre¬ 
vious agreement, appear before the Con¬ 
gress of the United States with decisions 
made, budget formulated and testimony 
prearranged and decided upon to the 
preclusion of reasonable inquiries on the 
part of the House. 

One of the great tendencies of today, 
both political and economical, is the in¬ 
ternational trend to collectivize and cen¬ 
tralize all manner of authority. Too re¬ 
cently have we seen the result of that 
policy. It was a single, unbridled mili¬ 
tary service on which Adolf Hitler rose to 
power. It was upon the back of military 
might that Mussolini forced his will, not 
only upon his own people, but upon 
those of his neighbors. It is upon soli¬ 
darity of military force in the form of 
the Red Army that Generalissmo Stalin 
has ridden roughshod over the prostrate 
bodies of his victims. Where the people 
control the power of the military and 
keep it steadily moving in its ordained 
orbit, there is small likelihood that the 


928J 

force will outride its master. It remains 
a free force of freemen, which has al¬ 
ways represented the strength of Ameri¬ 
can arms. Whenever the military, 
whether by internal agreement,' such as 
might well be the effect of H. R. 4214, 
as it now stands, or by violent alliance 
together against constituted authority, 
comes into power, constitutional rights 
become in fact null and void. Today, 
Mr. Speaker, more than at any time be¬ 
fore in the history flf our great country, 
we need a strong^mobile, hard-hitting, 
well equipped, fighting Army and Navy. 
Upon that poijrt we are all agreed. If 
H. R. 4214 caff be so amended as to pro¬ 
vide for tl^ integrity of the several 
branches gf our armed forces, I shall sup¬ 
port it 

(Mr^OACKSON of California asked 
and ijias given permission to revise and 
his remarks.) 

SPECIAL ORDER 

The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr. 

^Poulson). Under the previous order of 
the House, the gentleman from Ten¬ 
nessee [Mr. Kefauver] is recognized for 
20 minutes. 

(Mr. KEFAUVER asked and was given 
permission to revise and extend his re¬ 
marks and include a quotation from a 
House Judiciary Committee report.) 

[Mr. KEFAUVER addressed the House. 
His remarks will appear hereafter in the 
Appendix. ] 

EXTENSION OF REMARKS 

Mr. TALLE asked and was given per¬ 
mission to extend his remarks in the 
Record and include two brief quotations. 
ENROLLED JOINT RESOLUTION SIGNED 

Mr. LeCOMPTE, from the Committee 
on House Administration, reported that 
that committee had examined and found 
truly enrolled a joint resolution of the 
House of the following title, which was 
thereupon signed by the Speaker: 

H. J. Res. 240. Joint resolution making 
temporary appropriations for the fiscal year 
1948. 

The SPEAKER announced his signa¬ 
ture to enrolled bills of the Senate of the 
flowing titles: 

1 179. An act for the relief of Maj. Ralph 
M. RWley and First Lt. Irving E. Sheffel; 

S. 408. An act authorizing the issuance of 
a patentun fee to Gideon Peon; 

S. 484. act to authorize and direct the 
Secretary of the Interior to issue to Joseph 
J. Pickett a patent in fee to certain land; 

S. 558. An act for the relief of the alien 
Michael Soldo. 

S. 880. An act X>r the relief of Rev. John 
C. Ydung. 

S. 924. An act to\redit active service in 
the military or navakforces of the United 
States in determining SUgihility for and the 
amount of benefits fronXthe policemen and 
firemen’s relief fund, DisXict of Columbia; 

S. 1360. An act for the r^jef of Eric Sed- 
don; 

S. 1402. An act to authorize\the parishes 
and congregations of the Protestant Epis¬ 
copal Church in the District of Columbia to 
establish bylaws governing the election of 
their vestrymen; and 

S. 1462. An act to authorize the official re¬ 
porters of the municipal court for the Dis¬ 
trict of Columbia to collect fees for tran¬ 
scripts, and for other purposes. 


No. 136-18 




9288 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—HOUSE 


ILLS PRESFNTED TO THE PRESIDENT 

Mr. LeCOMPTE, from the Committee 
on pouse Administration, reported that 
thaft committee did on this day present 
to th6 President, for his approval, bills of 
the House of the following titles: 

H. R.3493. An act making appropriations 
for the Ni|vy Department and the naval serv¬ 
ice for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1948, 
and for other purposes; and 

H. R. 3993. An act making appropriations 
for the legislative branch for the fiscal year 
ending June '80, 1948, and for other pur¬ 
poses. 

ADJOURNMENT 

Mr. HALLECK. Mr. Speaker, I move 
that the House do now adjourn. 

The motion wasagreed to; accordingly 
(at 5 o’clock and 46 minutes p. m.) the 
House, under its previous order, ad¬ 
journed until tomorrow, Thursday, July 
17, 1947, at 11 o’clock a. m. 


942. A letter from the Assistant Secretary; 

National Institute of Arts and Letters, trans¬ 
mitting the official report of the National 
Institute of Arts and Letters for the year 
ending December 31, 1946; to the Committee 
on House Administration. / 

943. A letter from the Archivist j n the 
United States, transmitting a report in rec¬ 
ords proposed for disposal by they various 
Government agencies; to the Committee on 
House Administration. 

944. A communication from the President 
of the United States, transmitting revised 
estimates of appropriations fir the fiscal 
year 1948 involving a decrease/of $25,000 for 
the Department of Commerefe (H. Doc. NO. 
403); to the Committee on Appropriations 
and ordered to be printed/ 

945. A letter from they Archivist of the 

United States, transmitting report on rec¬ 
ords proposed for disposal by various Govern¬ 
ment agencies; to the (Committee on House 
Administration. / 


A 


July 16, 


REPORTS OP CO: 
BILLS A 


EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS, ETC. 

Under clause 2 of rule XXIV, execu¬ 
tive communications wer&, taken from 
the Speaker’s table and referred as 
follows: \ 

934. A communication from the President 

of the United States, transmitting supple¬ 
mental estimates of appropriation, for the 
fiscal year 1948 in the amount of $338,100 for 
the Department of Labor (H. Doc. NO, 402); 
to the Committee on Appropriation^ and 
ordered to be printed. \ 

935. A letter from the Secretary of '/the 
Interior, transmitting a draft of a propped 
bill to extend the Federal-Aid Road Act, 
proved July 11, 1916, as amended and sup 
plemented, to Alaska; to transfer certain 
functions of the Department of the Interior 
to the Public Roads Administration; and for 
other purposes; to the Committee on Public 
Works. 

936. A letter from the Secretary of Wa 
transmitting a draft of a proposed bill 
provide for the procurement and supply/of 
Government headstones or markers for /in- 
marked graves of members of the amned 
forces dying in the service or after honorable 
discharge therefrom, and other persons, and 
for other purposes; to the Commi/tee on 
Public Lands. 

937. A letter from the Attorney/’ General, 
transmitting his request for wit/drawal of 
the case of Paul Rene Refoule Avom those 
166 cases involving suspension/of deporta¬ 
tion referred to in letter of A aril 1, 1947; to 
the Committee on the JudicUlry. 

938. A letter from the Atjtorney General, 
transmitting his request faf withdrawal of 
the case of Gus Emanuel Honto3 from those 
182 cases involving suspenanon of deportation 
referred to in letter of May 1, 1947; to the 
Committee on the Judiaary. 

939. A letter from the Assistant Secretary 
of the Interior, tran^nitting a copy of his 
order canceling certain charges existing as 
debts due the United States by individual 
Indians and tribes foi Indians; to the Com¬ 
mittee on Public jfands. 

940. A letter worn the Secretary of War, 
transmitting a ,firaft of a proposed bill to 
provide for the<’construction, rehabilitation, 
conversion, add maintenance of buildings, 
structures, utilities, and other facilities, in¬ 
cluding ther' acquisition of land, for the 
National Guard, Organized Reserve Corps, 
other Reserve components of the Army of 
the United States, and for other purposes; 
to the Committee on Armed Services. 

941. A letter from the assistant to the 
president, the American Academy of Arts and 
Letters, transmitting the official report of 
the American Academy of Arts and Letters 
for the year ending December 31, 1946; to the 
Committee on House Administration. 


TTEES ON PUBLIC 
RESOLUTIONS 

of rule XIII, reports of 


Under clause; 
committees we/re delivered to the Clerk 
for printing ahd reference to the proper 
calendar, as/follows: 

Mr. KILD^Y: Committee on Armed Serv¬ 
ices. H. R/2964. A bill providing for the 
conveyanc f to the regents of the University 
of Texas pi that portion of the San Antonio 
Arsenal ^determined to be surplus to the 
needs pi the War Department; with an 
amendment (Rept. No. 932). Referred to the 
Committee of the Whole House on the State 
of ti/e Union. 

BUCK. Committee on Education and 
bor. H. R. 3870. A bill to authorize cer- 
tjfln expenditures from the appropriation of 
Elizabeths Hospital, and for other pur¬ 
poses; with amendments (Rept. No. 933). 
r Referred to the Committee of the Whole 
louse on the State of the Union. 

Mr. LYNCH: Committee on Ways and 
Means. H. R. 958. A bill to amend section 
24^2 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code; with¬ 
out amendment (Rept. No. 934). Referred 
to thf Committee of the Whole House on the 
StateV>f the Union. 

Mr. ^ANDREWS of New York: Committee 
on Armed Services. H. R. 1544. A bill to 
provide\ppropriate lapel buttons for wid¬ 
ows, parekts, and next of kin of members of 
the armedV orc es who lost their lives in the 
armed services of the United States in World 
War II; withbut amendment (Rept. No. 935). 
Referred to Mre Committee of the Whole 
House on the State of the Union. 

Mr. ANDREWS of New York: Committee on 
Armed Services.\H. R. 2993. A bill to au¬ 
thorize the appointment of certain addition¬ 
al permanent maj^r generals and brigadier 
generals of the line of the Regular Army, 
and for other purposes; without amendment 
(Rept. No. 936). Reared to the Committee 
of the Whole House \m the State of the 
Union. 


Mi-. WELCH: Committee on Public Lands. 
S. 1317. An act to give to members of tl/e 
Crow Tribe the power to manage and assume 
charge of their restricted lands, for ttyfeir 
own use or for lease purposes while sfich 
laijds remain under trust patents; with an 
amendment (Rept. No. 940). Referred tp the 
Committee of the Whole House on the State 
of the Union. 

Mr. WELCH: Committee on Public Lands. 
H. R. 3326. A bill to provide for the granting 
of certificates of competency to certain mem¬ 
bers of the Osage Indian Tribe in Oklahoma, 
and foA.other purposes; with an amendment 
(Rept. No. 941). Referred to the Qommittee 
of the Wlole House on the State of the Union. 

Mr. WiLCH: Committee on Public Lands. 
H. R. 353fh A bill to authorize tWfc Bureau of 
Reclamation to investigate and report on 
projects fdj- reclaiming lands by drainage; 
with amendments (Rept. No. 94E). Referred 
to the Committee of the Whole) House on the 
State of the Union. , f 

Mr. WELCfi,: Committee oh Public Lands. 
H. R. 4059. A bill to provide for the settle¬ 
ment of certai'p parts of Alaska by war vet¬ 
erans; with an .amendment (Rept. No. 944). 
Referred to th'b Committee of the Whole 
House on the St^te of the Union. 

Mr. REES: Committee cn Post Office and 
Civil Service. H. iR. 739/ A bill to provide 
for the protection of veterans and career- 
service employees ‘ v in connection with- re¬ 
duction in force in the/Pederal service; with 
amendments (Rept.i IS). 945). Referred to 
the Committee of th^ Whole House on the 
State of the Union. 

Mr. ALLEN of California: Committee on 
Merchant Marine anfa Fisheries. H, R. 1238. 
A bill to permit ve®elsHof Canadian registry 
to transport certain rrferchandise between 
Hyder, Alaska, ana point* in the continental 
United States; wifh amendments (Rept. No. 
946). Referred ko the Committee of the 
Whole House on Jthe State ef the Union. 

Mr. GAMBLE/ Committee on House Ad¬ 
ministration. H. R. 29. A bill making un¬ 
lawful the reduirement for the payment of 
a poll tax as J& prerequisite \to voting in a 
primary or otrfer election for national officers; 
without amendment (Rept. No. 947). Re¬ 
ferred to thaf House Calendar. : 

Mr. CHIPERFIELD: Committee on Foreign 
Affairs. H 1 R. 2776. A bill toV extend the 
times for (commencing and completing the 
construction of a toll bridge across the Rio 


Grande, it or near Rio Grande Ci 
with an/amendment (Rept. No. 94 
ferred t 
Mr 

Affairs, 


ity, Tex.; 
8). Re- 


House Calendar. 

PERFIELD: Committee on .Foreign 
H. R. 3332. A bill creating-the St. 
Lawrehce Bridge Commission and authoriz¬ 
ing Mid Commission and its successors to 
construct, maintain, and operate a bridge 
across the St. Lawrence River at or >near 
Ogcfensburg, N. Y.; without amendment 
(Rept. No. 949). Referred to the Committee 
of,the Whole House on the State of the UnJpn. 

,—!r. DONDERO: Committee on PulLic 
Works. H. R. 3334. A bill granting the con- 
gent of Congress to Pennsylvania Power $ 
Light Co. to construct, maintain, and operate 
Mr. WELCH: Committee on Public Lands, /a dam in the Susquehanna River; with an 
orize the city of amendment (Rept. No. 950). Referred to) 
Farm Island to / the Committee of the Whole House on the 
and for other [ State of the Union. 


H. R. 3874. A bill to ai 
Pierre, S. Dak., to transfi 
the State of South Dakot: 
purposes; with amendments\Rept. No. 937) ./j 
Referred to the Committee \>f the Whole I 
House on the State of the Unii 

Mr. WELCH: Committee on Public Lands. 
H. R. 3973. A bill relating to thacompensa- j 
tion of commissioners for the Territory of • 
Alaska; without amendment (Rept.\No. 938). 
Referred to the Committee of thb Whole 
House on the State of the Union, 

Mr. WELCH: Committee on Public Lands. 
H. R. 2622. A bill to authorize loans fOf In¬ 
dians, and for other purposes; with amb 
ments (Rept. No. 939). Referred to the Com¬ 
mittee of the Whole House on the State k>f 
the Union. \ 


Mr. WOLCOTT: Committee on Banking and 
Currency. H. R. 3738. A bill to amend Public 
Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 
June 23, 1945; with an amendment (Rept. 
No. 951). Referred to the Committee of the 
Whole House on the State of the Union. 
a&.TKirffl _ o?^55seoEsEr^oSaaittee on 

Foreign Affairs. H. R. 4010. A bill to au¬ 
thorize any agency of the United States Gov¬ 
ernment to furnish or to procure and fur¬ 
nish materials, supplies, and equipment to 
public international organizations on a re¬ 
imbursable basis; with amendments (Rept. 
No. 952). Referred to the Committee of the 
Whole House on the State of the Union. 


















r 
















- 3 - 


' SEME . 

14. SUGASW The Finance Committee reported with an amendment K.R. 4075» the proposed 

SugarJ^i of 19 ' 4 S, which amends and extends the 1937 ac t (S.Rept. 57$) (p»929l)* 
The Jfci^^igcst states that the amendment is "relative to fair wage scale and 
employment o£minors (to carry out intent of S. 1584)" (p. D553^T 

15 . NATIONAL FOREST sN^assed over on the objection of Sen. LangC'r, H.Dak., S.J.Res. 

118» to authorize sale of timber on the Tongass Uatiphnl Forest,, Alaska* 
in such a way as to fS^ilitate pulp production in vie^/of the aboriginal claims 
of Indians (p. 9310). Sfcn. Cain, Wash., inserted a^Seattle Times article, 
"Congress Action How VitaT\f Alaska, is to Get Pulp Industry" (p. 9310). 

16. STATISTICS. Passed with-amendme^s S. 1 U 9 7, jjC direct the Census-Bureau to col¬ 

lect, collate, and publish variou^Sgtatistdcs on oilseeds ip addition to those 
on cottonseed and cottonseed.productWa/esently published; and expand report¬ 
ing to include production, stocks, aji^Sj^-pnents of oilseed heals and other 
primary oilseed products (pp* 930J^°)* 

17 PERSOHFEL* TRA1TSP0RTATI0U. Parsed without amen&^ent H.R. 137* to authorize 

transportation for U.S. Gillian employees staticW in Alaska on airplanes of 
the Army transport scTvytfe (p. 93d/* This bill wii*l-.. ;> now be sent to the Ihesident* 

IS. APPROPRIATIOHS. Scj^O 1 Mahoney, Wyo., discussed the stank of the major appro¬ 
priation bills, **iticizing the delay in getting the bills trough Congress, 
and stating "iTis duo to the fact that the bills have not pa^od the House of 
Representatives in time for the Senate committee to give any co^Meration to 

them" (ppf 931 ^~ 6 ). 




X 


19 . PERSQjVtEL. Sen. Lodge, Mass., discussed the civil service efficiency raVj.ng sys- 
*j£ and its relation to retention of employees and stated 11 1 believe that ^nc- 

■'diate revision of the present regulation concerning- the priority of non-veteran 
retention, supplemented by a thorough overhaul of personnel evaluation tech 
niques, will do much to insure that our executive branch is populated with men 
and women of real abiL lty” (p?» M 93l9^ L)» . . 

20. LIVESTOCK SUBSIDIES. The Banicing and Currency Committee reported with amendment 

S, 1429, to authorize retroactive subsidies to certain livestock slaughterers 
who became eligible under a regulation effective July 2-3, 1 9 4 5» changing the 
definition of a.non-processing sl aughterer (S«Rept . 57 p^Vp^7£91£v^ mb ^^ m _ 

FARM LABOR. Sen. Pepper, Fla’., criticized the discontinuing of the migratory 
rn-labor program (p. 93^) • 

22. LAUDS. PaSHdas reported S. 136 S, to increase the size of ^ scon_ 

nected tractTSl^rcels of the public domain which maybe^Td tp* 

23. ROADS. Received from the^Tn^ior Department ryjj^s^d bill to^extend the Fed¬ 

eral Aid Road Act to Alaska a^W^ansf^rt^rtain functions 01 the nter 
Department to the Public Roads AdminLsi^ion; to Public Works Committee (p. 

. 9291), 

24. PRICES. The Bankingjyj*<£?rcncy Committee approv. ^ actually Te ~ 

port) S.Con. Re^fto establish a joint commit ^e prices of 

consumer go, o^rTp. D 552 ). 


25 = 


ETERAHS 1 BEHEFITS. The Barking and Currency Committee approved (out 



















- 4 -. 


not actually report) S„ 1543* to restore to RFC Act certain provisions concern¬ 
ing GI loans (p. D552)# 


BILLS INTRODUCED 


\ 


26 * FARM IjjABOR. • • H.R, .4254, "by Rep# Branblett, Calif,, providing for the disposition 
of farta-labor camps to public or senipublic agencies or nonprofit associations 
,of farmers. To Agriculture Committee. (p. 9 ^ 00 .) 

it _ , 

27® R.F.C.; VETERANS’BENEFITS. H.R. 4249, by Rep. Bryson, S.C., amending the Recon¬ 
struction Finance Corporation Act in order to. authorize the purchase by RFC of 
loans whiqh a»e guaranteed or insured under the GI Bill. To Barring a.nd Cur¬ 
rency Committee^ (p. 9400.) 

‘ 

28. HOUSING. H.Con* Reso.l04 s by Rep* Wolcott, Mich., to establish a joint con¬ 

gressional commit tea to be known'.as the Joint Committee or^Housing. To Rules 
Committee, (p. 9^01#' 

29. VETERANS’ MPLOYMENT. S.\d652, by Sen. Bridges, N.H., C/or himself and others), 

to’promote maximum, employment, business opportuniti^r, a.nd careers for veterans 
in a free competitive economy. To Labor a.nd PublijrWelfare Committee, (p.9292-0 
. Remarks of author (pp» 9321—j 


ITEMS IN APPENDIX 


' 1 '■ 


30* SOIL CONSERVATION; FERTILIZERS. Extension 0 $ remarks of Hep. Murray, Wis., on 
the importa.nce of soil conserva.tion programs, and including and discussing tab¬ 
ulation of soil conservation appropriations since 193^ (up.® A3 SO 3-4); and in¬ 
serting and discussing tabulations of fertilizers used under this program (pp, 
A3S2S-30). 

Rep. Stigler, Okla., inserted IMgh H.lBennett's W a shingt<?n Evening Sta.r 
article, "The L^nd is Our Sustenan^—ErosioW has Damaged More Than Half of 
Our Farmland a.nd Threatens World^'Food Suppl^J/ (pp. A3ol5-6)« 

31# MONOPOLIES. Speech in the Houser by Repo# KefauverT^Tenn,, urging that big busi¬ 
ness monopolies bo curbed (pm A3%0^~j) • 

32. ' -JSEARCH. Speech in the Hdjfse-by Rep. Gross, Pa., favoring creation of a Nat¬ 
ional Science Foundation^Tpp. A 3 SII- 2 ) 

33* FOREIGN RELIEF. Rep. Jrnold, Mo., inserted a. Wall Street ^S^urnal editorial on 
the need for aid to ^foreign'countries (pp* A 3 S 12 — 3 )« 

34. FLOOD CONTROL. Ejjffcnsion of remarks of Rep 0 Burleson (Tex.) ar&LRep# Fisher 
(Tex.) favoringpfche President's flood-control plan and ca.lling attention to 
need for floo(^control work in sections other than the Mi s s» and 1 ^. valleys 
(pp* A3S14, j$gl 5 ), 

35® EMPLOYEESViiOYALTY. Rep. Buchanan, Pa.*, inserted a W,Y» Times editori^^ oppos— 
.* ing the federal Enployoes' Loyalty Act (p. A 3 S 17 ). 

36 . SUGAR IMPORTS. Rep. Wiechel, Ohio, inserted an Alvado, Ohio, resolution ur^ng 
' an investigation as to why sufficient sugar is not being imported into the 
from sugar-producing countries to remove e„ll rationing (p« A 3 Sl 6 )» 

37* ECONOMIC REPORT, Rep. Coiner, Mi SSo> inserted Marion 3. Folsom^s (trea.s. East-, 
nan Kodak Co.) statement on economic conditions, favoring particularly consid¬ 
eration of marity -prices by the Joint Committee on Economic Report(pp«A 3 Sl 9 - 22 )» 






Calendar No. 607 


80th Congress ) 

SENATE 

j Report 

1st Session f 


l No. 576 


ADDITIONAL RELIEF FOR CERTAIN NONPROCESSING 

SLAUGHTERERS 


July 17 (legislative day, July 16), 1947.—Ordered to be printed 


Mr. McCarthy, from the Committee on Banking and Currency, 

submitted the following 

REPORT 

[To accompany S. 1429] 

The Committee on Banking and Currency, to whom was referred 
the bill (S. 1429) to amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, 
approved June 23, 1945, having considered the same, report favorably 
thereon with an amendment and recommend that the bill, as amended, 
be enacted into law. 

STATEMENT 

The requirements of the meat-subsidy program were established 
through the directive powers of the Office of Economic Stabilization. 
These powers were transferred to the Office of Temporary Controls 
and, under Executive Order 9841, have been transferred to the De¬ 
partment of Commerce. The meat-subsidy program included a basic 
subsidy to which all slaughterers were entitled; and in addition a 
special subsidy was made available to a limited group of nonprocessing 
slaughterers. 

The original directives of the Office of Economic Stabilization re¬ 
quired that the applicant for the special subsidy for nonprocessing 
slaughterers must have operated for his own account as a nonpro¬ 
cessing slaughterer during a representative portion of the year 1942. 
By Directive 56 of the Office of Economic Stabilization, this pro¬ 
vision was amended to require six consecutive months of operation 
during the period beginning January 1, 1941, and ending October 1, 
1943. Amendment No. 1 to Directive 56 provided that the base 
period requirement would be satisfied by any six consecutive months 
within the period beginning January 1, 1941, and ending October 1, 
1943, “or such other portion of that period as the Economic Stabiliza¬ 
tion Director may determine in a particular case to be representative”. 
Amendment No. 2 to Directive 56 relaxed the requirement that during 
the base period the slaughterer must have slaughtered for his own 






2 


RELIEF FOR CERTAIN NONPROCESSING SLAUGHTERERS 


account, bv providing that any slaughterer who during the base 
period slaughtered cattle owned by another at the time of slaughter 
hut sold in his own name the beef produced thereby would be qualified. 

Directive 56 and the amendments thereto were not retroactive in 
their effect. S. 1429 as reported by the committee would entitle those 
slaughterers aided by Directive 56 and the amendments to payments 
in the same amount as they would have received had Directive 56 and 
the amendments become effective October 26, 1943, instead of July 
1945. The committee believes that this change should be made in 
the interest of fairness toward the few nonprocessing slaughterers 
affected thereby. 


o 






Calendar Ne. 607 

80m CONGRESS 
1st Session 

[Report No. 576] 


IN THE SENATE OE THE UNITED STATES 

June 11 (legislative day. April 21), 1947 

Mr. Pepper introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred 
to the Committee on Banking and Currency 

July 17 (legislative day, July 16), 1947 
Reported by Mr. McCarthy, with an amendment 

[Insert the part printed in italic] 



To amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

June 23, 1945. 

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represents- 

2 fives of the United, States of America in Congress assembled, 

3 That Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

4 June 23, 1945, is amended by adding a new section to read 

5 as follows: 

6 “Sec. 3. Any person, firm, partnership, or corporation 

•A 

7 who, prior to the issuance of amendment numbered 1, dated 

8 July 5, 1945, with effective date July 15, 1945, and amend- 

9 merit numbered 2, dated July 11, 1945, with effective date 
10 July 22, 1945, respectively, to Directive Numbered 56 of the 





1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 


2 


Office of Economic Stabilization (said amendments being the 
same in substance as amendments numbered 7 and 8, respec¬ 
tively, of the Livestock Slaughter Payment Regulation Num¬ 
bered 3 of the Defense Supplies of the Reconstruction Finance 
Corporation), was held not qualified to receive extra com¬ 
pensation payments as nonprocessing slaughterers; but who 
upon issuance of the above amendments to the Directive 
56 of the Office of Economic Stabilization became quali¬ 
fied and eligible, or was declared or determined qualified 
and eligible by the Director of the Office of Economic Stabili¬ 
zation to receive such extra compensation payments as non¬ 
processing slaughterers from the Reconstruction Finance 
Corporation or such other Government agency as may have 
jurisdiction thereof, shall he entitled to receive from and shall 
be paid such extra compensation payments by the Recon¬ 
struction Finance Corporation or such other Government 
agency as may have jurisdiction thereof, for such period of 
time prior to the issuance of said amendments, as such person, 
firm, partnership, or corporation would have been entitled to 
receive if said amendments 1 and 2 of said Directive 56 
and said amendments 7 and 8 of said regulation 3 had been 
effective retroactively to amendment 2 to regulation 3 dated 
October 26, 1943. And the said Reconstruction Finance 
Corporation or such other Government agency with juris- 



3 

1 diction to make subsidy payments is hereby authorized and 

2 directed to pay such retroactive subsidy payments to such 

3 claimants as qualify under this Act as amended/’ 


f • 
< . 


M * 

L-l 

•s 5 

* S' 

<T> QTQ 

a m 

& ft 

r-t- *~£ 

=r 2 

rD 

2 a 

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United States 
oj America 


-fleas* return te 
PIVISION OF LEGISLATIVE REPORTS 
Office of Budget and Finance 


Congressional "Record 


PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 


8o^ 


CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION 


Vo/. 93 


WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, JULY 17, 1947 


No. 137 


Senate 


lative day of Wednesday, July 16, 19471 . 


.The Senate met at 12 o’clock meridian, 
onsfhe expiration of the recess. 

av. Clarence Cranford, D. D.., minis¬ 
ter, Calvary Baptist Church, Washing¬ 
ton, D\C., offered the following prayer: 

We tnank Thee, our Father, for Thy 
leadershipdn the past. We pray for that 
leadership na the present. Save us from 
disillusionment and despair. Help us to 
envision a wttrld in which men are 
united—in which there are liberty and 
justice for all—imwhich tlje curse of war 
is no more. We m\v not enter that kind 
of a world in our generation, but, please 
God, when we fall, w\will fall with our 
faces toward it. 

We pray in Jesus’ narfle. Amen. 

THE JOURNAI 

On request of Mr. White, aW by unan¬ 
imous consent, the reading oNhe Jour¬ 
nal of the proceedings of Wednesday, 
July 16, 1947, was dispensed wiSfc, and 
the Journal was approved. 

MESSAGES FROM THE PRESIDENT 

Messages in writing from the Pre3 
dent of the United States were commu 3 
nicated to the Senate by Mr. Miller, on§ 
of his secretaries. 

MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE 

A message from the House of 3§pre- 
sentatives, by Mr. Farrell, its ejfrolling 
clerk, announced that the H^ise had 
passed the bill (S. 526) to promote the 
progress of science; to advance the na¬ 
tional health, prosperity, yfind welfare; 
to secure the national dflfense; and for 
other purposes, with ajr amendment in 
which it requested theyoncurrence of the 
Senate. 

The message alsy announced that the 
House had disagred to the amendments 
of the Senate yT the bill (H. R. 3756) 
making approbations for Government 
corporations -rand independent execu¬ 
tive agencies for the fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1948, and for other purposes; 
agreed ic the conference asked by the 
Senatyon the disagreeing votes of the 
two douses thereon, and that Mr. Ploe- 
SERjAlr. Jensen, Mr. Schwabe of Okla¬ 
homa, Mr. Coudert, Mr. Mahon, Mr. 
ire, and Mr. Whitten were appointed 
lanagers on the part of the House at the 
conference. 


The message further announced th?vt 
the House had disagreed to the amend¬ 
ments of the Senate to the bill (Hr? R. 
3818) to amend the Federal Insi^ance 
Contributions Act with respect td’ rates 
of tax on employers and employees, and 
for other purposes; agreed tar the con¬ 
ference asked by the Senate/^n the dis¬ 
agreeing votes of the two Houses thereon, 
and that Mr. Reed of New York, Mr. 
Kean, Mr. Mason, Mr. Qingell, and Mr. 
Mills were appointe<ymanagers on the 
part of the House ay the conference. 

The message alsy announced that the 
House had passeya bill (H. R. 3997) to 
exclude certain ^mdors of newspapers or 
magazines frcun certain provisions of the 
Social Security Act and Internal Revenue 
Code, in vdnch it requested the concur¬ 
rence of Nie Senate. 

Action of routine business 

ranimous consent, the following 
roujtfhe business was transacted: 

iecutive communications, etc. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid be¬ 
fore the Senate the following letters, 
.which were referred as indicated: 

tONSULAR-TYPE FUNCTIONS OF SECRETARY OF 

State 

fetter from the Secretary of State, trans- 
mittttog a draft of proposed legislation to au- 
thorizXthe Secretary of State to perform cer¬ 
tain cotosular-type functions within the 
United Slhtes, its Territories and possessions 
(with an a^ompanying paper); to the Com¬ 
mittee on l\reign Relations. 


Extension 


Federal-Aid Road Act to 
Alaska 


A letter from tnfe Secretary of the Interior, 
transmitting a draSt of proposed legislation 
to extend the Fedefcal-Aid Road Act, ap¬ 
proved July 11, 1916, alLamended and supple¬ 
mented, to Alaska, to flapsfer certain func¬ 
tions of the Depart menls^pf the Interior to 
the Public Roads AdminVtration, and for 
other purposes (with am> accompanying 
paper); to the Committee on^ublic Works. 

Cancellation of Certain DEBnk of Indians 
A letter from the Assistant Secimary of the 
Interior, transmitting, pursuant rb law, a 
copy of his order canceling certalnVharges 
existing as debts due the United Stages by 
Individual Indians and tribes of Indians 
(with accompanying papers); to the Cc 
mittee on Public Lands. 


REPORTS OF COMMITTEES 

The following reports of committees 
vwere submitted: / 

!y Mr. BROOKS, from the Committed 
Rutbs and Administration: 

S. Rtes. 142. Resolution increasing «fe limit 
of expenditures by the Committejron Rules 
and Administration for the employment of 
temporary assistants and ma)emg certain ex¬ 
penditures; without amendment. 

By Mr. McCLEDLAN, i/om the Committee 
on Expenditures inline Executive Depart¬ 
ments : 

S. 1582. A bill ntfating > to the sale of Paxon 
Field, Duval Cdunty, FlaJswithout amend¬ 
ment (Rept/'No. 574). V 

By Mr.^jJuLLIKIN, from the Committee on 
Finance 

HJK r 3444. A bill to amend section. 251 of 1 
thgOnternal Revenue Code; without amend- j 
A,.(Rapt.. Jto.,,575). 

By Mr. MCCARTHY, from the Committee 
on Banking and Currency: 

S. 1429. A bill to amend Public Law 88, 
Seventy-ninth Congress, approved June 23, 
1945; with an amendment (R ept. No. 576). 

PERMISSION FOR COMMITTEE ON 
FINANCE TO FILE REPORT 

Ir. MILLIKIN. Mr. President, I 
unanimous consent to file a report from 
the Senate Committee on Finance,yp to 
midnight tonight, dealing with tly sub¬ 
ject of Yroposed sugar legislator 

The PF^ESIDENT pro temporal With¬ 
out objection, the request of tjne Senator 
from Colorado is granted. 

Mr. MILLIKIN subsequently, from the 
Committee oi^inance, ti^vhieh was re¬ 
ferred the bill\H. R. 4875) to regulate 
commerce amonWthe several States, with 
the Territories afad -possessions of the 
United States, anYvwith foreign coun¬ 
tries; to protect thevvelfare of consum¬ 
ers of sugars and/f tXose engaged in the 
domestic sugarbrodu^ing industry; to 
promote the export trame of the United 
States; and f^r other purposes, reported 
it,with an amendment ami submitted a 
report (Nor 578) thereon. 

JOINT/COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE 
HOUSING 

MiV'McCARTHY. Mr. President, to- 
daj^he Committee on Banking and 
Currency ordered that Senate Cdhcur- 
iVnt Resolution 25, establishing a joint 
Committee to investigate the entire hous- 
'ing field, a resolution sponsored by myself 

9291 


A 














9292 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—SENATE 


July 17 


aX^d the Senator from West Virginia [Mr. 
Revercomb], be reported favorably. The 
Senator from Alabama [Mr. Spark¬ 
man] ^'as of great help in drafting 
amendrhents and working with us on the 
resolution^ It is a completely nonpo¬ 
litical andNaonpartisan measure. I ask 
unanimous (Wisent that the name of the 
Senator from Alabama be added to the 
list of sponsors'^ the concurrent reso¬ 
lution. 

The PRESIDENT'pro tempore. With¬ 
out objection, the nd?pe of the Senator 
from Alabama [Mr. Sparkman] will be 
added as a sponsor of\he concurrent 
resolution. 

Mr. MCCARTHY subsequently said: 
Mr. President, from the Committee on 
Banking and Currency, I ask unanimous 
consent to report favorably with amend¬ 
ments the concurrent resolution (SKCon. 
Res. 25) establishing a joint committee to 
investigate the entire housing field, a% 

I submit a report (No. 577) thereon. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. With¬ 
out objection, the report will be received, 
and, under the rule, the concurrent res¬ 
olution will be referred to the Committee 
on Rules and Administration. 

BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTION 

% INTRODUCED 

Bills and a joint resolution were intro¬ 
duced, read the first time, and, by unani¬ 
mous consent, the second time, and re¬ 
ferred as follows: 

By Mr. AIKEN: 

S. 1648. A bill to authorize the expenditure 
of income from Federal Prison Industries, 
Inc., for training of Federal prisoners; to 
the Committee on Expenditures in the Ex¬ 
ecutive Departments. 

By Mr. SALTONSTALL: 

S. 1649, A bill to authorize the payment of 
certain claims for medical care and treat¬ 
ment of personnel of the Army, Navy, Marine 
Corps. Coast Guard, Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, and Public Health Service furnished 
other than by activities of the Federal Gov¬ 
ernment; and for other purposes; to the 
Committee on Armed Services. 

S. 1650. A bill for the relief of George 
Krinopolis; to the Committee on the Judi¬ 
ciary. 

By Mr. CAPEHART (for himself and 
Mr. Jenner) : 

S. 1651. A bill to amend the General Bridge 
Act of 1946; to the Committee on Publig J 
Works. 

(Mr. BRIDGES (for himself, Mr. Barksey, 
Mr. Butler, Mr. Cain, Mr. CapeharLt Mr. 
Dworshak, Mr. Eastland, Mr. FulbrigjIt, Mr. 
Hill, Mr. Jenner, Mr. Johnson of GBlorado, 
Mr. Knowland, Mr. Martin, Mr. JHaybank, 
Mr. Morse, Mr. Revercomb. Mr. Fl/wders, Mr. 
Ferguson, and Mr. Hawkes) introduced Sen¬ 
ate bill 1652, to promote nfeximum em¬ 
ployment, business opportunities, and ca¬ 
reers for veterans in a free Competitive econ¬ 
omy, which was referred/to the Committee 
on Labor and Public Welfare, and appears 
under a separate heading.) 

By Mr. CAPEHJfRT: 

S. 1653. A bill tor control the export to 
foreign countries/Sf gasoline and petroleum 
products from #he United States; to the 
Committee on^nterstate and Foreign Com¬ 
merce. 

(Mr. MAQNUSON (for himself, Mr. Morse, 
Mr. Langbr, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Young, Mr. 
Murray./M r - . Chavez, and Mr. Myers) intro¬ 
duced gfenate Joint Resolution 149, relating 
to Palestine, which was referred to the Com¬ 
mits on Foreign Relations, and appears 
under a separate heading.) 


ATTENDANCE. OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 

AT MEETING OF EMPIRE PARLIAMEN¬ 
TARY ASSOCIATION IN THE BAHAMAS 

Mr. VANDENBERC submitted the fol¬ 
lowing concurrent resolution (S. Con. 
Res. 26), which was referred to the Com¬ 
mittee on Foreign Relations; 

Resolved by the Senate (the House of Rep¬ 
resentatives concurring ), That the Senate 
and the House of Representatives hereby 
accept the invitations tendered by the presi¬ 
dent of the legislative council and the 
speaker of the House of Assembly of the 
Bahamas Government to have four Members 
of the Senate and four Members of the 
House of Representatives attend a meeting 
of the Empire Parliamentary Association to# 
be held in the Bahamas beginning December 
28, 1947. The President pro tempore of the 
Senate and the Speaker of the House of Rep¬ 
resentatives are authorized to appoint the 
Members of the Senate and the Members of 
the House of Representatives, respectively, 
to attend such meeting, and are further au¬ 
thorized to designate the chairmen of the 
delegations from each of the Houses. The 
expenses incurred by the members of the 
ielegations appointed for the purpose of at¬ 
tending such meeting, which shall not exceed 
$ 2 ftei 0 for each of the delegations, shall b§ 
reinmurfeed to them from the contingej 
fund of the House of which they are Me 
bers upon submission of vouchers appjpved 
by the c%rman of the delegation ofjjffhich 
they are numbers. 

hearings Before committee on 

EXPENDITURES IN THE EXECUTIVE 

DEPARTMENTS 

Mr. BRICKER s^bmitte^the following 
resolution <S. Res/Wi2)jrwhich was re¬ 
ferred to the Commitcferfum Expenditures 
in the Executive Denfmtonents: 

Resolved, That in hMdingfcearings, report¬ 
ing such hearings, a m makinminvestigations 
as authorized by section 102 ( 3 I (2) (D) of 
the Legislative Reorganization flct of 1946, 
the Committee^n Expenditures Ifa the Ex¬ 
ecutive Departments, or any duly authorized 
subcommity(e thereof, is authorized ^^make 
such expenditures and to employ upten a 
temporal^basis such investigators and Itch 
technical clerical, and other assistants^ 
it deems advisable. 

S rx. 2. The expenses of the committee ’ 
un^er this resolution, which shall not exceed 
J, 000 , shall be paid from the contingent 
and of the Senate upon vouchers approved 
r by the chairman of the Committee on 
Expenditures in the Executive Departments. 

AMENDMENT OF SUBSISTENCE EXPENSE 
ACT OF 1926—AMENDMENT 

Mr. BRICKER submitted an amend¬ 
ment intended to be proposed by him 
to the bill (S. 544) to further amend 
section 3 of the Subsistence Expense Act 
of 1926, as amended, which was ordered 
to lie on the table and to be printed. 

HOUSE BILL REFERRED 

The bill (H. R. 3997) to exclude cer¬ 
tain vendors of newspapers or magazines 
from certain provisions of the Social Se¬ 
curity Act and Internal Revenue Code 
was read twice by its title and referred 
to the Committee on Finance. 

MEETING OF COMMITTEE DURING 
SENATE SESSION 

Mr. IVES. Mr. President, I ask unan¬ 
imous consent that the Subcommittee on 
Antidiscrimination of the Committee on 
Labor and Public Welfare be permitted 
to continue its hearings now being held, 


which will probably proceed for anoth^ 
hour. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Vtfffh- 
out objection, the order is made.j 
LEAVE OF ABSENCE 

Mr. ROBERTSON of Virginia. Mr. 
President, I ask unanimous^consent to 
be excused from attendanq#on the Sen¬ 
ate this afternoon by ro#Ron of public 
business. 

The PRESIDENT p extempore. With¬ 
out objection, it is sa^urdered. 

ADDRESS BY SENjfTOR MYERS BEFORE 
PENNSYLVANIArfVETERANS OF FOREIGN 
WARS 

| Mr. MYERJr asked and obtained leave 
to have print^H in the Record an address en¬ 
titled “WhaFe Do We Go From Here?” de¬ 
livered baJmim at the annual encampment 
of Veterans of Foreign Wars of Pennsylvania, 
at Har^feburg, Pa., on July 16, 1947, which 
appeal in the Appendix.] 

COMMENCEMENT DAY ADDRESS BY SEN¬ 
ATOR MYERS AT VILLANOVA COLLEGE 

(Mr. MYERS asked and obtained leave to 
have printed in the Record a commence¬ 
ment day address delivered by him at the 
annual commencement exercises at Villa- 
nova College, Villanova, Pa., on June 16, 
1947, which appears in the Appendix.] 

REBUILDING THE NATIONAL INTEGRITY 
OF NATIONS—ADDRESS BY SENATOR 
MALONE 

| Mr. MCCARTHY asked and obtained leave 
to have printed in the Record an address de¬ 
livered by Senator Malone before the Na¬ 
tional Convention of the Young Republican 
National Federation, at Milwaukee, Wis., 
June 7, 1947, which appears in the Appen¬ 
dix.] 

ENTRY OF DISPLACED PERSONS INTO 
THE UNITED STATES—EDITORIAL COM¬ 
MENT 

]Mr. O'CONOR asked and obtained leave 
to have printed in the Record editorials 
from the New York Times of July 15 and 17, 
and from the Baltimore Sun and the Wash¬ 
ington Post of July 16, on the question of 
legislation authorizing entry into the United 
States of a number of displaced persons, 
vhich appear in the Appendix.] 

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 

PRESIDENT pro tempore laid be¬ 
fore ’fee Senate the amendment of the 
House lif Representatives to the bill (S. 
526) to ptomote the progress of science; 
to advancekhe national health, prosper¬ 
ity, and welfare; to secure the national 
defense; and lor other purposes, which 
was to strike oat all after the enacting 
clause and insert? 

That this act may tjjkcited as the “National 
Science Foundation A(Wof 1947.” 

ESTABLISHMENT OF N^taoNAL SCIENCE 
j^OUNDATIO? 

Sec. 2. There is hereby established in the 
executive branch of the Government an inde¬ 
pendent agency to be known as ?fae National 
Science Foundation ( hereinafter^^ erred to 
as the “Foundation”). 

membership of foundation 
Sec. 3. (a) The Foundation shall haife 24 
members, to be appointed by the President, 
by and with the advice and consent of tf 
Senate. The persons nominated for appoint-1 
ment as members ( 1 ) shall be eminent in the 
fields of the fundamental sciences, medical 
science, engineering, education, or public 
affairs; ( 2 ) shall be selected solely on the 









- 3- 


l^kDnCo 'APP30ER.IA.TI01I BILL, 1948- Received the conference report on this hill', 

'l c Re 4io6 (pp 0 9775 - 6 ). - • • ... 

13, GEOSHAPHIC NAMES. Passed without amendment s . 1262, to establish aboard on 
Googilkhic Hanes* which will iacludo a representative of this Department, to 
act cojS^ntly with the Secretary of the Interior in providingJor uniformity 
in geo^ra^Hic nomenclature and orthography throughout the P^eral Government 
(pp n 9721-2TW This hill will now he sent to the President 

l4o RESEARCH. Received the conference report on S, 526 , tp create a Rational Serene 
Foundation (pp» 97^r92 ). 

15 . FORESTS,- Passed withoutNanendment H,R 0 1826, to/make it a petty offense to en¬ 
ter an it national forest ±N(^d while it is eloped to the public (pp<> 9722 — 3 )® 

16, MARKETING. Passed with amendm^Si E®R* 48^f to make provisions of the Agricul- 

• turpi Marketing Agreement Act ofSl937 pliable only to the following commod¬ 
ities, other than milk and its proWtsS fruits (including pecans and walnuts 
but not including apples, other t^uN^pplies produced in the States of Washing¬ 
ton, Oregon, and Idaho, and noy™cludI*m fruits, other than olives, for can¬ 
ning or freezing) and their products, too^co and its products, vegetables (not 
including vegetables, otW'than asparagu^for canning or freezing) and their 
products, soybeans, and fclfeir products, hops^^nd their, products, honeybees, 
and naval stores as iri^aidcd in the Naval Stores^^ct and standards established 
thereunder (including refinecL or partially refine^^leoresin) • to permit mar¬ 
keting agreements ^nd orders to operate under certai^^yonditions when the 
seasonal averago^price is above parity; to permit ^^requirement of compul¬ 

sory inspect man; and to authorize the levying of assessments when no regulatio: 
is in effeqji^Appo 9724—5)® 

17 ? PEANUT MARKETING- QUOTAS. Passed without amendment H r .R 0 4124,- to>mend the pea¬ 
nut a^ke ting quota, provisions of the Agricultural Adjustment ■ n ‘ctV^^ 0 97^5)* 
Eoj^rovisions, of the bill see Digest 135’ 

18o^ESEARCH. Passed without amendment H.R, 4ll0, to amend the Research and P^rket- 
ing Act of 1946 so as to provide that not less than 20/o of the funds "appre ^ 
priated", rather than those "authorized to be appropriated' 1 , fpr general re- , 
search shall be used by the State agricultural experiment stations for conduct¬ 
ing marketing research projects approved by the USDA (p. 9749)<» ____ 


19. SUB SI DIE So Passed as reported H»R« 373S, to authorize retroactive subsidies to. 
certain livestock slaughterers who became eligible under a regulation effective 
July 23, 1945, chang ing the definition of a non-processing sloughtcrer(p*97 57)y 

U MILK PRICE SUPPORT So Passed as reported H.R. 3370» to nake specific provigi*tf 
milk-price supports (ppi 97^7“8)» 


21. LANDS. PassecONihan amendment H.R, 3043, to provide transfer. from thr 

Department to InterL&i^^epartment the Crab Orchar^^feek Land Utilization Pro¬ 
ject, Ill., and from the’’%t , *4ie^ ; rtment toJUtrUrior the Illo Ordnance Plant, 
both for use as a wildlife marage?fe«^^!*t5a7 except that lands not required for 
such area nay be leased (po 97i 

22* PERSONNEL. Passed a^t5ported H.R. 739, which provide5*~^Lat, in any reduction 
in personnel^pwaSlteatlon shall be given to tenure, militnry^<crence, length 
of cervi*«f^and efficiency ratings, but that equal credit shall tc gkqimeim 
c>rtSyratings of "good" or better except that such employees shall be. rotSw*^ 
in preference to all other competing employees and that those with ratings be- 












- 4 - 


.low "good" shall ho retained in preference to competing nonpreforeri.ee employee 
10 have equal or lower ratings, and that no employee having permanent status 
shkll he released as long as there is a war-service employee retained with: 
an agency in a position for which the.status employee is qualified (ppe975^~5)- 

23* GRAZINGY Passed without amendment H e R 0 4079> to amend , the Taylor Grazing A c t re¬ 
garding ^disposition of fees, etc. (pp* 974-1-2). 

24. FORESTS. Paesed without amendment S* 6l6, to authorize creation of Ax. game, . refige 
in the Frances Marion National Forest, S*C ft (p 0 9671)* This hil^^rill now he 
sent to the President. 

. On objectiSms qf Heps. Fulton, Marcantonio, and Huher, parsed oyer H t R. 
2S67, to.permit Mnin g locations under the mining laws ' yathin that portion 
of the Harney Natrtonal Forest designated as a game sanctuaof (p* 9744) •' 

H.R. 1330 as rViorted (see Digest 135) abolishes the^ackson Hole .National 
Monument, Wyo®, and Of the lands comprising it, transfer*? those to t.hq west of 
Snake Hiver, includingSa. 5Q“Doot strip on the east sl&jr of the river, to the 
Grand Teton National Park; and transfers the lands e^Rt of the Snake River, 
other than the 50~f°ot stScip, to the Forest Service 

Passed as reported H.iC 3175* to add certainjpublic and other lands to the 
Shasta National, Forest, Calm£. (p® 973l)* / , _ 

Passed over without prejudice H.R. 1809, facilitate the use and occu¬ 
pancy of national forest lands \y authorizingypermit s, f or the use'of larger 
tracts for homesites,.hotels, et^..(p e 97341 

25® PURCHASING, Passed as.reported H o R*\4-010yAo authorize U.S. a.gencies to furnish 
. or procure and furnish materials, supnlyCs, etc., to public i nternational organ¬ 
izations on a reimbursable basis 57~8)* 

260 RECLAMATION; Discussed and, on objyrtion'toy Rep® Rich, Pa., passed over S, 1597) 
t6 reauthorize and reduce the area? of the o^.la reclamation pro ject (up, 9743“4). 

Passed without amendment HJf 0 3&34j to\|uthorize rehabilitation of certain 
worksin the Fort Sumner irrigation district, TjLMex. (p. 9745)® 

Passed over on objectioy^of Rep* Rich, Pa\ H.R, 2873» to amend the Rec¬ 
lamation Project A c t of i939^(ppo 9739 t4o) 

27® DRAINAGE. On objection ofirRep, Kean, N e J. ? passed <Ver H,R„ 353^, to authorize , 
this Department to mak^drainage investigations, (p, 5^53) 

28o ALASKA SETTLEMENT. Passed as reported. HcR. 4059> to proSmde for settlement .of 
veterans on certain^ lands in Alaska,. including national-merest lands (pp *9753“ 4). 

29® LATIN AMERICA. M the request of Rep,. Kean, N.J., passed oy&f H»R 0 4l6S, to 

provide, for r^mcorporation of the Institute of Inter-America^ Affairs (p„975^)- 

30. FARM LOANS, y^assed as reported H.R 0 3325? to ena.ble Osage Indiai?k who served in 
World Nardil to- obtain.loans under the Servicemen’s Readjustment ^Spt of 1944 
. (pc 9745/ 


n of mats-and- 


31. STATISTICS. Passed ?„s reported S, l497» to provide for collcctioi 
. oil^/ statistics by the Census Bureau (pp 0 9742-3), 

32® FLTOD DAMAGE; SURPLUS PROPER!f 0 Passed without amendment S„ 1515, to make 'Sair- 
.plus property available for alleviation of damage caused by flood or other 
/' catastrophe (p* 9 (60)«. This bill ball now be sent to the President 

33o SMALL BUSINESS® Ps.ssed as reported S 0 Con c Reso l4 s requesting fair representa.tion) 
of small businessmen on policy-making bodies created by EAoarMve upmoiakrjt,ac'( ' 
















1S47 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—HOUSE 


DAM ACROSS THE SUSQUEHANNA 
RIVER, PA. 

The Clerk called the bill (H. R. 33; 
granting the consent of Congress 
Pennsylvania Power & Light Co. to con¬ 
struct, maintain, and operate a dam in 
the ^Susquehanna River. 

The SPEAKER. Is there objection to 
the ptesent consideration of the bill?/ 

Mr. CARROLL. Mr. Speaker, I j ask 
unanimous consent that the biU be 
passed over without prejudice. 

Mr. I^MPSON of Pennsylvania/ Mr. 
Speaker,\I wonder if the gentleman will 
withold hjs objection for a momem. The 
utility company in Pennsylvania seeks to 
construct \ very low dam across tne Sus¬ 
quehanna River in order to impound cer¬ 
tain waters they need in their steam 
heating platlt. The bill has the'complete 
approval of ^he Army engineers and the 
other interested Government agencies. 
The dam, whfn constructed, Will permit 
the use by the steam powdh plant, to 
which it would be an adjurmt, of about 
1,000,000 tons of anthracite foal which is 
produced in thdfc part of theJstate. All of 
the money is provided locally and by the 
private utility cdmpany. I am very hope¬ 
ful that they cari proceed with construc¬ 
tion in the immediate furore. I respect¬ 
fully suggest that the g/ntleman with¬ 
draw his request. 


Speaker, I with- 
le bill be passed 


Mr. CARROLL, 
draw my request tt 
over without prejuc 
The SPEAKER. Is /here objection to 
the present consideration of the bill? 

There being no objection, the Clerk 
read the bill, as folic 

Be it enacted, etc.,/Tljat the consent ox 
Congress is hereby grintfcd to Pennsylvania 
Power & Light Co., /its {successors or as¬ 
signs, to construct, Inaintain, and operate 
a dam in the Susqu@ianna. River, at a point 
suitable to the interests of navigation, ap¬ 
proximately 1 y 2 miles below the Sunbury 
Bridge Co. toll b#dge, in Upper Augusta 
Township, Northumberland County and 
Monroe Township, Snyder County, Pa.: 
Provided, That tne work shall not be com¬ 
menced until the plans therefor have been 
submitted to asd approved i)y the Chief 
of Engineers of fhe United States Army, and 
by the Secretary of War: Provided further, 
That this act$ shall not be construed to 
authorize the ; &se of such dam j to develop 
water power op generate hydroelectric energy. 

Sec. 2. The/authority granted by this act 
shall cease #nd be null and void, unless 
actual construction of the dam hereby au¬ 
thorized is Commenced within 2 years and 
completed within 5 years from the; date of 
enactment jbt this act: Provided, Thpt from 
and after SO days’ notice from the 'Federal 
Power Cqtnmission, or other authorized 
agency ofifthe United States, to said Penn¬ 
sylvania .-Power & Light Co., its succes¬ 
sors or Assigns, that desirable water-power 
development will be interfered with by the 
existence of said dam, and said company, 
or its successors or assigns, shall alter the 
dam, yathout expense to the United Stajes. 
so as po remove said interference and, upon 
failute to do so within a reasonable time, 
the Authority hereby granted to construct, 
maintain, and operate said dam shall ter¬ 
minate and be at an end; and any grantee 
or licensee of the United States, proposing 
to develop a power project at or near said 
dapi, shall have authority to remove, sub¬ 
merge, or utilize said dam, under such con¬ 
ditions as said Commission or other agency 
may determine, but such conditions shall 



9757 


'not include compensation for the removal, 
submergence, or utilization of said dam. 

Sec. 3. The right to alter, amend, or repeal 
th\s act is hereby expressly reserved. 


ith the following committee amend¬ 
ment 

PagA3, line 3, after “dam” insert a colon 
and th\ following: “ And provided further, 
..That the * 1 2 ;. Pennsylvania Power and Light Co., 
its successors or assigns, shall hold and save 
the United States free from all claims for 
damage whffch may be sustained by the dam 
herein authorized, or damage sustained by 
the appurtenances of the said dam by reason 
of operations By the United States for flood 
control, the preservation or improvement of 
navigation, or foi\other purposes.” 

The committeeVmendment was agreed 
to. 

Mr. SIMPSON of Pennsylvania. Mr. 
Speaker, I offer an amendment. 

The Clerk read as follows: 

Amendment ollered lav Mr. Simpson of 
Pennsylvania: That wher\yer in H. R. 3334 
and the title thereto the ward “and” appears 
in the name “Pennsylvania Rower and Light 
Co.” the word “and” be stricken and the 
symbol be inserted. \ 

The amendment was agreed to. 

The bill was ordered to be s engrossed 
and read a third time, and was yead the 
third time, and passed. 

The title was amended so as to read: 
“Granting the consent of Congress to 
Pennsylvania Power & Light Co. to con¬ 
struct, maintain, and operate a dam in 
the Susquehanna River.” 

A motion to reconsider was laid on tile 
table. 


CERTAIN PAYMENTS TO NONPROCESSING 
SLAUGHTERERS 

The Clerk called the bill (H. R. 3738) 
to amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth 
Congress, approved June 23, 1945. 

There being no objection, the Clerk 
read the bill, as follows: 

Be it enacted, etc., That Public Law 88, 
Seventy-ninth Congress, approved June 23, 
1945, is amended by adding a new section 
to read as follows: 

“Sec. 2. Any person, firm, partnership, or 
corporation who, prior to the issuance of 
amendment No. 1, dated July 5, 1945, with 
effective date July 15, 1945, and amend¬ 
ment No. 2, dated July 11, 1945, with 
effective date July 22, 1945, respectively, to 
Directive No. 56 of the Office of Eco¬ 
nomic Stabilization (said amendments being 
the same in substance as amendments 
numbered 7 and 8, respectively, of the Live¬ 
stock Slaughter Payment Regulation No. 3 
of the Defense Supplies of the Reconstruction 
Finance Corporation), was held not qualified 
to receive extra compensation payments as 
nonprocessing slaughterers; but who upon 
issuance of the above amendments to the 
Directive 56 of the Office of Economic Sta¬ 
bilization became qualified and eligible, or 
was declared or determined qualified and 
eligible by the Director of the Office of Eco¬ 
nomic Stabilization to receive such extra 
compensation payments as nonprocessing 
slaughterers from the Reconstruction 
Finance Corporation or such other Govern¬ 
ment agency as may have jurisdiction there¬ 
of, for such period of time prior to the is¬ 
suance of said amendments, as such person, 
firm, partnership, or corporation would have 
been entitled to receive if said amendments 
4 and 2 of said Directive 56 and said amend¬ 
ments 7 and 8 of said regulation 3 had been 
effective retroactively to amendment 2 to reg¬ 
ulation 3 dated October 26, 1943. And the 


said Reconstruction Finance Corporation or 
such other Government agency with juris¬ 
diction to make subsidy payments is hereby 
authorized and directed to pay such retro¬ 
active subsidy payments to such claimants 
as qualify under this act, as amended.” 

With the following committee amend¬ 
ment: 

Page 1, beginning in line 6, strike out the 
remainder of the bill and insert the follow- 
| ing: 

j “Sec. 3. Any person who, after the issu- 
| ance of amendment No. 1 (dated July 
> 5, 1945) or amendment No. 2 (dated 

! July 11, 1945) to Directive No. 56 of 

| the Director of Economic Stabilization, and 
; pursuant to the authority thereof, became 
f qualified and eligible, or was declared or de- 
i termined by such Director to have the neces- 
i sary qualifications for eligibility, to receive 
• extra compensation payments as a non- 
5 processing slaughterer (such person previ- 
ously having been held not qualified to re¬ 
ceive extra compensation payments as a non¬ 
processing slaughterer), shall be entitled to 
i receive such extra compensation payments 
' for such period of time prior to July 23, 
1945, as such person would have been en- 
'• titled to receive if such Directive No. 56, 
and amendments Nos. 1 and 2 there¬ 
to, and any such determination by such 
Director, had become effective November 1, 
1943. The Reconstruction Finance Corpora¬ 
tion is authorized and directed to make the 
extra compensation payments which any per¬ 
son is entitled to receive pursuant to this 
section. As used in this section the term 
‘person’ includes an individual, firm, partner¬ 
ship, or corporation.” 

The committee amendment was agreed 
■ to. 

The bill was ordered to be engrossed 
and read a third time, was read the third 
time, and passed, and a motion to re- 
co nsider was laid on the ta ble. 

INTERNAtFoNAL ORGANIZATIONS* 

PROCUREMENT ACT OF 1947 

e Clerk called the bill (H. R. 401Q0 
to Authorize any agency of the United 
States Government to furnish or to pro¬ 
cure i^nd furnish materials, supplies, 
and ecluipment to public international 
organizations on a reimbursable basis. 

There \eing no objection, yfe Clerk 
read the bill, as follows: 

Be it enacted, etc., That this/act may be 
cited as the\“International .Organizations 
Procurement Ai;t of 1947.” 

Sec. 2. When Ased in this act— 

(1) The term ‘TBovernmerft agency” means 
any department, independent establishment, 
or other agency orVthe Government of the 
United States, or luiyy corporation wholly 
by the Government dt the United States. 

(2) The term "interactional organization” 
means any public interitetional organization 
entitled to enjoy, jh wrole or in part, the 
privileges, exemptions, and immunities au¬ 
thorized by and Jtn accordance with the In¬ 
ternational Organizations immunities Act 
(59 Stat. 669 ) ./ 

Sec. 3. Until the expirtftion <Jf 4 years from 
the date of/Enactment hereof,\ny Govern¬ 
ment ageryfy may, upon the request of any 
international organization and itffipgreement 
to pay the cost and expenses thereof by 
advancement of funds or reimbursement, 
furniSjh or may procure and furnisft mate- 
rialsyfeupplies, and equipment to suchunter- 
I national organizations: Provided, Th®, to 
the extent deemed necessary and appropliate 
b/ the Government agency concerned, sqph 
ternational organization indicates its 
tual needs for and intended use of such ma\ 
terials, supplies, and equipment: Provided 


No. 140- 


•17 














9758 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—HOUSE 


Institute in lieu thereof the 


ier, That when reimbursement is made, 
itNshall be credited either to the appropria- 
tion-v fund, or account utilized in incurring 
the obligation, or to the appropriate appro¬ 
priation fund, or account which is current 
at the time of such reimbursement. 

With tnis. following committee amend¬ 
ments : 

Page 1, lineNfi, strike out paragraph (1), - 
section 2, and sf 
following: 

“(1) The term ‘international organization’ 
means any public international organization 
having its headquarter^in the United States 
and entitled to enjoy, whole or in part, 
the privileges, exemptions^ and immunities 
authorized by and in accc5felance with the 
International Organizations Immunities Act 
(59 Stat. 669).” 

Page 2, line 1, strike out paragraph (2), 
section 2, and substitute in lieu thereof the 
following: 

“(2) The term ‘administrative supplies’ 
means materials, supplies, and 
used in housekeeping, maintenance, 
office operations.” 

Page 2, line 6, strike out section 3 and sut 
stitute in lieu thereof the following: 

‘‘Sec. 3. Until July 1, 1948, the Treasury 
Department and the United States Govern¬ 
ment Printing Office, may, upon the request 
of any international organization and upon 
its agreement to pay the costs and expenses 
thereof by advancement of funds or by re¬ 
imbursement, or by both, furnish, or pro¬ 
cure and furnish to such international or¬ 
ganization administrative supplies: Provided, 
That to the extent found by the Treasury De¬ 
partment or the United States Government 
Printing Office, respectively, to be necessary 
and appropriate in order to protect- the in¬ 
terests of the United States Government in 
having access to sufficient supplies for its 
own needs, such international organization 
shall be required to indicate its needs and 
the intended use of such administrative sup¬ 
plies before they shall be furnished, or pro¬ 
cured and furnished, to such international 
organization: Provided further, That when 
reimbursement is made, it shall be credited 
either to the appropriation, fund, or account 
utilized in incurring the obligation, or to the 
appropriation, fund, or account utilized in 
incurring the obligation, or to the appro¬ 
priate appropriation, fund, or account which 
is current at the time of such reimburse¬ 
ment.” 

The committee amendments were 
agreed to. 

The bill was ordered to be engross^ 
and read a third time, and was read 
third time, and passed. 

The title was amended so as tovfead: 
“A bill to authorize the Treasury Depart¬ 
ment and the United States Government 
Printing Office to furnish, or to procure 
and furnish, administrative materials, 
supplies, and equipment Jo public in¬ 
ternational organizations/on a reimbur¬ 
sable basis.” / 

A motion to reconsider was laid on the 
table. / 

ADDITIONAL POSITIONS IN WAR AND 
NAVY DEPARTMENTS * 

The Clerk called the bill (H. R. 4084) 
to authorize the creation of additional 
positions in the professional and scientific 
service in. the War and Navy Depart¬ 
ments. / 

The SPEAKER. Is there objection to 
the present consideration of the bill? 

Mf- CARROLL. Reserving the right 
to/object, Mr. Speaker, I should like to 
h-ave an explanation of this bill. 


July 21 

/ 

INSTITUTE OF INTER-AMERICAN AFFAIRS 

The Clerk called the bill (H. R^4168) 
to provide for the reincorporatiffn of the 
Institute of Inter-American 4^ air s, and 
for other purposes. 

Mr. KEAN. Mr. Speaker, at the re¬ 
quest of the gentleman/from Missouri 
[Mr. PloeserI, I ask unanimous consent 
that this bill be passed over without 
prejudice. / 

The SPEAKER. Is there objection to 
the request of the gentleman from New 
Jersey? / 

There was no objection. 

CARIBBEAN COMMISSION 

The Cle^fc called the joint resolution 
(H. J. Res. 231) providing for member¬ 
ship and participation by the United 
State^'in the Caribbean Commission and 
authorizing an appropriation therefor. 
’J'here being no objection, the Clerk 


/ , 

retary of 
nd fix the 
ar Depart- 


Mr. REES. This bill comes to the 
House from our committee at the request 
of the Army and Navy. They say they 
are unable to secure the scientists they 
need in the service for the salaries now 
being paid. May I say that the chairman 
of the Committee on Post Office and Civil 
Service is one of those who has been op¬ 
posed to breaking the $10,000 ceiling, but 
the Army and Navy both made a showing 
to the committee indicating to us that 
this legislation is necessary if they are 
going to have the kind of trained scien¬ 
tists they need at the present time. They 
tell us there is more and more demand 
for scientific assistants in the Army and 
Navy. 

Mr. CARROLL. My concern is not 
how much they pay these men but how 
much the military is going to be taking 
over the scientists. This restricts them 
to a certain number? 

Mr. RE^ES. Yes, 45 is the limit. The read the joint resolution, as follows 
salary will not be more than $15,000 to / Whereas representatives of the Govern- 
any one of them. / ments of the French Republic, the King- 

Mr CARROLL. I withdraw my reser-/ dom of the Netherlands, the United Kingdom 
e ,f n/i, / of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and 

the United States of America signed “An 
agreement for the establishment of the 
Caribbean Commission” in Washington on 
October 30, 1946, which agreement con¬ 
tinued and extended the international co¬ 
operative arangements initiated In 1942 
between the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United 
States; and 

Whereas the purpose of the Caribbean 
Commission is to encourage and strengthen 
international cooperation in promoting the 
economic and social welfare and advance¬ 
ment of the non-self-governing territories 
in the Caribbean area, whose economic and 
social development is of vital interest to the 
security of the United States, in accordance 
with the principles set forth in chapter XI 
of the Charter of the United Nations: 
Therefore be it 

Resolved, etc., That the President is hereby 
authorized to accept membership for the 
United States in the Caribbean Commission, 
created by “An agreement for the establish¬ 
ment of the Caribbean Commission," signed 
in Washington on October 30, 1946, by rep¬ 
resentatives of the Governments of the 
French Republic, the Kingdom of the Nether¬ 
lands, the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
g.nd Northern Ireland, and the United States 
.America, and to appoint the United States 
Commissioners, and their alternates, thereto. 
« Sbc. 2. There is hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of State, 
out of any money in the Treasury not other¬ 
wise appropriated, not more than $142,000 
annually- 

(a) For tlte payment by the United States 
of its proportionate share of the expenses 
of the Commission and its auxiliary and sub¬ 
sidiary bodies, pursuant to article XV of the 
“agreement for tfee establishment of the 
Caribbean Commission”; and 

(b) For the payme^; of all necessary ex¬ 
penses incident to ^rticipation by the 
United States in the acWities of the Com¬ 
mission, including salaries of the United 
States Commissioners, theark alternates, ap¬ 
propriate staff, without regaNl to the civil- 
service laws and the ClassificWion Act of 
1923, as amended; personal services in the 
District of Columbia; services as Imthorized 
by section 15 of Public Law 600, i^eveirly- 
ninth Congress; hire of passenger'enotor 
vehicles and other local transportation; 
printing and binding without regard to sec¬ 
tion 11 of the act of March 1, 1919 (44 UV 
C. Ill), and section 3709 of the Revised 
Statutes, as amended; and such other ex¬ 
penses as the Secretary of State finds neces- 


{ation of objection, Mr. Speaker. / 
The SPEAKER. Is there objection^to 
^present consideration of the bill? 
There being no objection, the/fclerk 
read tt(e bill, as follows: 

Be it enacted, etc., That the 
War is autoorized to establish 
compensatiSa for, within the 
ment, not moce than 30 posjfions, and the 
Secretary of thS|J7avy is authorized to estab¬ 
lish and fix theticompen^tion for, within 
the Naval Establishments not more than 15 
positions in the professional and scientific 
service, each such poation being established 
to effectuate those reseSEch and development 
functions relating^Co ti\ national defense, 
military and naval medicinh and any and all 
other activities of the WaiVDepartment or 
Naval Establishment which Ktouire the serv¬ 
ices of specially qualified scienftfic or profes¬ 
sional personnel : Provided, ThJkthe rates 
of compensation for positions ^ttablished 
pursuant to the provisions of this\ct shall 
not be Jess than $10,000 per annum notmore 
than Ji5, 000 per annum, and shall be subject 
to tine approval of the Civil Service 
felon. 

ISec. 2. Positions created pursuant to thil 
Set shall be included in the classified civil 
"service of the United States, but appoint¬ 
ments to such positions shall be made with¬ 
out competitive examination upon approval 
of the proposed appointee’s qualifications by 
the Civil Service Commission or such officers 
or agents as it may desigante for this purpose. 

Sec. 3. The Secretary of Wqr and the 
Secretary of the Navy, respectively, shall sub¬ 
mit to the Congress, not later than December 
31 of each year, a report setting forth the 
number of positions established pursuant to 
this act in their respective departments dur¬ 
ing that calendar year, and the name, rate of 
compensation, and description of the qualifi¬ 
cations of each incumbent, together with a 
statement of the functions performed by 
each. In any instance where the Secretary 
of War or the Secretary of the Navy may 
consider full public report on these items 
detrimental to the national security, he is 
authorized to omit such items from his an¬ 
nual report and, in lieu thereof, to present 
such information in executive sessions of 
such committees of the Senate and House of 
Representatives as the presiding officers of 
those bodies shall designate. 

The bill was ordered to be engrossed 
and read a third time, was read the third 
time, and passed, and a motion to recon¬ 
sider was laid on the table. 


















80th CONGRESS 
1st Session 


Calendar No. 718 

H. R. 3738 


IN' THE SENATE OE THE UNITED STATES 


July 22 (legislative day, July 16), 1947 
Read twice and ordered to be placed on the calendar 


AN ACT 

To amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

June 23, 1945. 

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representor 

2 of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 

3 That Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

4 June 23, 1945, is amended by adding a new section to read 

5 as follows: 

6 “Sec. 3. Any person who, after the issuance of amend- 

7 ment numbered 1 (dated July 5, 1945) or amendment num- 

8 bered 2 (dated July 11, 1945) to Directive Numbered 56 

9 of the Director of Economic Stabilization, and pursuant to 

10 the authority thereof, became qualified and eligible, or was 

11 declared or determined by such Director to have the neces- 




2 


1 sary qualifications for eligibility, to receive extra compensa- 

2 tion payments as a nonprocessing slaughterer (such person 

3 previously having been held not qualified to receive extra 

4 compensation payments as a nonprocessing slaughterer), 

i 

5 shall be entitled to receive such extra compensation pay- 

6 ments for such period of time prior to July 23, 1945, as such 

7 person would have been entitled to receive if such Directive 

8 Numbered 56, and amendments numbered 1 and 2 thereto, 

9 and any such determination by such Director, had become 

10 effective November 1, 1943. The Reconstruction Finance 

11 Corporation is authorized and directed to make the extra 

12 compensation payments which any person is entitled to re- 

13 ceive pursuant to this section. As used in this section the 

14 term ‘person’ includes an individual, firm, partnership, or 

15 corporation.” 

Passed the House of Representatives July 21, 1947. 

Attest: JOHN ANDREWS, 

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CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS 

OF 1 INTEREST TO THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 


OFFICE OP BUDGET AMD FINANCE - 
Division of Legislate <rc Reports 
(For Department staff only)-, . 


CONTENTS 


Issued July 24 r 1947 
For actiong, of' t July 23 , I 9 I +7 

SOth—1st, No. 142 


Dilations.. .1,11,20 ,23,23,44 

.•30,3S 


» « 9 


--39 
10,35,50 
..29 
,.46 


it in£. 

At on i c\e ne rgy , 

Co nsuneXc r e d i t 
Commit tees 
Dairy in&usl 
Debt., public.b 
Education. 

Expenditures.. 

Eloocl control. 

Foreign affairs. ...r 

- 20^,54 

forests and forestry. .1%21 

^r faming*.... 

• • - 

>arbagc di spo sal....... 

Grain.................... 20 


Housing.,... ? ........ ._.12 

Information* . .20 

Labor, fanrio-., .1,2 

Lands... .14,25,34 

Lands, grazing*.......... 5 

Lands, reclanation.1 6 -, 31,53 

..32 Latin America.% ..1,24 

.•37 Livestock and neat..4.13 

. *44 Loans, farm. ..v....... 27 

.. 52- ■ Marketing.... 1,22,47 

3 , 17 , Minerals............3, 26 ,34 

Natural resources.42 

Nuts. 47 

Paper shQrtage.l........ .4o 

Personnel.......12,19,33,43 

ptatoes.. .45 


/ 


Poultry....... .. 3 

Prices..................**46 

Prices, food. ....... 141 

Purchasing....1/17,36 

Remount service.. .£ .... 20 

Research. Jr. . .20,23 

Section 32 fund^T.43 

Subsidies, ... Jc ... 4 

Subsistence ^xponso.... .20 
Sugar....f............. 1 

Trade,- fo/uign,,...43 

Transportation...1, 51 

Vetera/s* benefits.. . 19,20 
Wat erf pollution. 6 

Wijkmfc........ 25 

w 4oi. :.... 36 , 49 . 


uation bill. Senate passed 
fnports, authorize poultry 


HIGHLIGHTS: Senate committee reNartod ^ supplemental approt 
bills to dispose of farm-labor depps/ regulate garbage, 

improvement cooperation, control\ator pollution, -and/author ize Mexican' fence. Sen¬ 
ate discussed and passed over bill^to transfer Ren^ffnt Service, consolidate appro¬ 
priation bills, and authorize timbci^ale in Tongaafs Forest. :Kou‘se .connittce re¬ 
ported bill to amend GI farm—loan provisions. Rq/._ Arnold, elected to Agriculture 
Committee and Rep. Clevenger to Rppropr\ntions CJcnnit’tee. House, received conference 
report on independent office's appropriatvan bi; 

•' SENi 


1. SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATION BILL, 1943., 
with amendment s'this bill, H. R. 42( 
the Committee'in items of interest/to 


Th^ApP ro P r i a 'ti oris Committee reported 
(So R^ct. 629 )(p. 9993)* Change’s made by 
this Deteirtment are as -follows: (1) Re-'- 


duced to $210,000 funds for the Sugar Rationing^Administratxon for industrial 
rationing of sugar, terminal le/ve, and liquidation of the program (Budget 
estimate, $1,960,000, 6f whidjir $750,000 wds appropriated in the Emergency 
Appropriation Adt, 1943;- Hoyse bill, $710,000); inclS^ed language, permitting 
merger o-f these funds with^he $750,000' appropriated the Emergency Appro¬ 
priation Act; and reducec^to $20,000 (Budget, $69,600; 3fru.se, $70,JC00) the 
amount which may be transferred 1 for penalty mail’. (2) Included a new item of 
$100,000. additional fot 'the appropriation "Insecticide Act"^for administration 
of the new Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide AcV (Budget .-estimate 
$200,000) o (30 Increased the PIT item 1 to $4s4,0Q0 for its contamation (House 
proposed $l40»00^tfor liquidation)® (4).A.dd*ed item of $ll6,00(^£or the Insti¬ 
tute of Inter- ' _ ' “ _ 

tion to $73,3&f,400 (House, $71,024,900 )1 (6) Increased Office of 

Service Records to $5,000,000 (House, $4,000,000) o " ' 

Regarding farm labor the Committee report states: "The committee nas 
approvedyan amendment appropriating $1,350,000 for the farm labor supply pro¬ 
gram un#er the Department of Agriculturco ' The amendment will be of fered. on^the 
floor >of the Seriate by the chairman of the committee under a notion to suspen^ 
the Julies Y 1 

Regarding the Federal catalog proposal the report states: "The committee 
of the opinion the project is a worthy one; howbvdr, there is no assurance 


Organ!za- 
dective 























































- 2 - 

i i ■'! : . ‘ f 

that once the'^h^n i’s developed, it will "be used by all Go^rTmnent agencies. 
The committee recom^J*4§that legislation he enacted pppspfaing for a unified 
Federal Catalog System auch^til such time as thi^j^’done, it is not felt that 
time 'and funds should he expencfe&^qn such a jj^tfect.* . . 

Sen, Ball, Minn., gave notice o^^l^tion to offer the farm- 1 ah or amend¬ 
ment and inserted the proposed amQ#Aff6rit ^EfHslihe Record (p. 9395')"*' 

2. FARM Li^SOR.--Passed-witho^,t^?tmenc!.-mant -4254, 1 -to prfhftj^e for -the* disposition of 

farm-1 ahor camps -to. public or aemipuhl-ic agencies or nonp^P^t'associations of 
farmers (pp. J^ff-S). This hill will -now he sent to the ?re^%tl^nt. 

- - - • • - • • -. 

r . ^ 

3. POUlJJtyr* Passed without anendnent S.- -1026, to prhvide for U-SBA oooperatio^^^ith 

•f£C., Alaska, -Hawaii,' Puerto Rice, a-nd the Firgin Islands in -the •inprovebent a? 
poultry, poultry products, and hatcheries (p. 10028).' .. 

.... nf mi ijiii i i | iiiniii w liniii>iii iihiiw i i’i ii i n m MI'n m il i| W |iia ■ii wmii iiw i ih^' I iiW I H i Il .io iawil 


4. SUBSIDIES. Passed with amendment H.R.- 3738, to' authorize retroactive -subsidies 
to -certain -l-i-ve?to-ok slaughterers who -became eligible under -a -regulation effec¬ 
tive July 23, 1945, -changing the •definition -of a non-processing, slaughterer (pp. 
10026-7,--10029) * ' ■.. • • _ 

GRAZING LMDS , Passed with amendment -H.R. 4o79* to amend the -Taylor--^razing A c t 
regarding d-istr-ihution of fees (p. 1004S)-. 

6 , m!9%R POLLUTION. Passed without amendment S. l4l&, granting the consent and^fp- 
provssl of Congress to an interstate compact relating to control and reduction of 
polluvkm in the waters of the New England. States (pp, 100-53*“5)» 

7» GARBAGE DISPS^AL. Passed with amendments H.R, 597» t° authorize ca#£rol of for¬ 
eign garbage, disposal in the U.-S. ; authorize the Secretary to .designate USDA and 
other GovernmentScmployees to enforce the regulations; authorize 'the licensihg 
of garbage collectorsj and make ovrners, operators, etc,, of/*ships, railway cars 
or aircraft responsibly for safeguards in disposal (pp. .9*197 > 10000 - 1 ). 

8 . MINERALS. Passed a.s _ reported S, 1081, to promote th^fnining-of coal, - phosphate, 
sodium, potassium, oil, oil sjjiale, gas, and sulfyjr on lands : -acquired by the U,S, 

. (up.- -9997. 10001-2). 

9* PERSONNEL. Passed as • reported S. ll£y, tgfprovide that consideration_ shall he 
given, 7 in establishing- retention profchaefice regulations, to employees permanent¬ 
ly injured in line of-duty, and, to-po^iW exempt ion of such employees from the 
regulations (pp. 10028-9). 

Passed without amendmentS^/15^2,’ to ame^id the Federal Employees Pav Act of 
19^-5 so as to exclude, from th^'act, certain expert^ and consultants (p. lOQ49)i 

10. CONSUMER CREDIT. Sens., Cg*fehart, Flanders, Bricker, Nqbertson (Va«), and Maybank 
Were appointed copforagh on S.J.Rcs. l4S, to authorizeN&e• temperary continua- 
.. tion of Consumer crodut controls; (p«, 999^). 

re Appropriations Committee ... 

Hi .APPROPRIATIONS. J’heported without amendments H.R. 4268, making 'supplemental . ap- 
propriations/T or- Government ■.•corporations and independent ageneiessino written 
report suj/fitted)(p. 9993). (Carries RFC appropriations.) 

Th^fDaily Digest states that H.R. 4002, the War .Department CivilNi5jy.nctions 
•A:apro^riation hill ,was reported (S.Rept. 710 ) (p. D587). 

12. 90USHTG. Passed as reported S.» 1154, to reduce the housing premium author izat'yr 
/ to $ 75 , 000,000 (pp. 9997-8) 














80 th CONGRESS 
1st Session 


H. R. 3738 


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES 

July 22 (legislative day, July 16), 1947 
Read twice and ordered to be placed on the calendar 

July 23 (legislative day, July 16), 1947 
Considered, amended, read the third time, and passed 

AN ACT 

To amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

June 23, 1945. 

1 , Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representor 

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled , 

3 That Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 

4 June 23, 1945, is amended by adding a new section to read 

5 as follows: 

6 “Sec. 3. Any person who, after the issuance of amend- 

7 ment numbered 1 (dated July 5, 1945) or amendment num- 

8 bered 2 (dated July 11, 1945) to Directive Numbered 56 

9 of the Director of Economic Stabilization, and pursuant to 
10 the authority thereof, became qualified and eligible, or was 

declared or determined by such Director to have the neces* 


11 




1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 


2 


sary qualifications for eligibility, to receive extra compensa¬ 
tion payments as a nonprocessing slaughterer (such person 
previously having been held not qualified to receive extra 
compensation payments as a nonprocessing slaughterer), 
shall be entitled to receive such extra compensation pay¬ 
ments for such period of time prior to July 23, 1945, as such 
person would have been entitled to receive if such Directive 
Numbered 56, and amendments numbered 1 and 2 thereto, 
and any such determination by such Director, had become 
effective November 1, 1943. The Reconstruction Finance 
Corporation is authorized and directed to make the extra 
compensation payments which any person is entitled to re¬ 
ceive pursuant to this section. As used in this section the 
term ‘person’ includes an individual, firm, partnership, or 
corporation: Provided , That claims hereunder must be filed 
within six months after the enactment of this Act.” 

Passed the House of Representatives July 21, 1947. 

Attest: JOHN ANDREWS, 

Clerk. 

















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1947 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE 


10025 



jn of those who represent the Territory 
yiaska. 

PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
■’s time has again expired. 

Mr. CflAVEZ. Mr. President, for the 
moment ! still object. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
resolution wni be passed over. 

BIL^PASSED OVER 

The bill (H. rN 1366) to facilitate pro¬ 
curement of suppli^ and services by the 
War and Navy Departments and for 
other purposes was arpunced as next in 
order. 

Mr. GURNEY. Mr. President, I ask 
that the bill be temporarily\passed over, 
until an interested Senator clul return to 
the Chamber. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
bill will be passed over temporarr 
INVESTIGATION OP LAW ENFORCEMENT 

AND POLICE ADMINISTRATIONS IN THE 


s 


DISTRICT OP COLUMBIA 

The resolution (S. Res. 144) authoriz 
ing an investigation of law enforcement 
and police administration in the District 
of Columbia was announced as next in 
order. 

Mr. LANGER. I object. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
resolution will be passed over. 

Mr. McGRATH. Mr. President, if the 
Senator will withhold his objection I 
should like to make a brief statement of 
the resolution. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
Senator from Rhode Island is recognized 
for 5 minutes. 

Mr. McGRATH. Mr. President, Sen¬ 
ate resolution 144 proposes an appropri¬ 
ation of $25,000 to make an investiga¬ 
tion of law enforcement and police ad¬ 
ministration in the District of Colum¬ 
bia. It is before the Senate by unani¬ 
mous vote of the Committee on the Dis¬ 
trict of Columbia and by the unanimous 
vote of the Committee on Rules and Ad¬ 
ministration which considered it from 
the point of view of the appropriation 
which is proposed. The Committee on 
the District of Columbia is charged with 
a grave responsibility in connection with 
the administration of the departments 
of government in the District of Colu 
bia. It has been a long time since thefife 
has been an adequate investigation look¬ 
ing into the affairs of the police admin¬ 
istration of the District of Columtua. Re¬ 
cently all of us have seen sufficient evi¬ 
dence in the public press to Rfouse our 
suspicion that conditions might be bet¬ 
ter than they are. Certainly the Com¬ 
mittee on the District ofiColumbia can¬ 
not hope to fufill its duty unless it be 
given the means withnvhich to fulfill it. 
We do not know wha/f such an investiga¬ 
tion might uncover. We rather hope 
that it will reintJuduce a spirit of confi¬ 
dence into the/People of the District of 
Columbia tlyre the administration of 
their Policedepartment is adequate and 
efficient 

Howeji^r, I do not think the Senate 
can hope to place the responsibility for 
law enforcement upon its own commit- 
teednd fail to give the committee the 
Ins which it unanimously feels it 


should have at this time in order to serve 
adequately the people of the District of 
Columbia. 

After all, Mr. President, the District 
of Columbia is the National Capital; and 
not only are we responsible for the life 
and well being of those who live here, but 
by your very presence we are inviting 
thousands upon thousands of our fellow 
citizens to come to this city every day, 
and they have a vital interest in the 
quality of law enforcement which is had 
here. It seems to me that it is our duty 
to make this investigation. 

I wish to say to the Senators who 
have objected that those who have pro¬ 
posed this investigation have done so 
with no preconceived ideas. We are aim¬ 
ing at nothing except to reestablish con¬ 
fidence in the people of the District of 
Columbia and in the people of the 
United States, for that matter, that 
proper law enforcement will be provided 
in the District of Columbia. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
'time of the Senator from Rhode Island 
Mqs expired. 

flection having been made, the resc 
lutioc is passed over. 

INVESTIGATION OF THE SOCIAI 
\ SECURITY PROGRAM 

The res'blution (S. Res. 141) .Author¬ 
izing an instigation of the sopfal-secu- 
rity program Was consideredjgnd agreed 
to, as follows: \ 

Resolved, That tfig Commifiee on Finance, 
or any duly constituted subcommittee there¬ 
of, is authorized anil*, djjfected to make a 
full and complete investigation of old-age 
and survivors insuranCe'&nd all other as¬ 
pects of the existing iocial^ecurity program, 
particularly in respect to coverage, benefits, 
and taxes related? thereto, fdfe the purpose 
of assisting the Senate in dealing with legis¬ 
lation relatincpto social security hereafter 
originating it? the House of Representatives 
under the fifquirement of the Constitution. 

Sec. 2. Nor the purposes of this ^solu¬ 
tion, thQjifcommittee on Finance, or any ifluly 
constituted subcommittee thereof, is ?su- 
thoriapa to sit and act at such places aim 
timed during the sessions, recesses, and ad¬ 
joined periods of the Eightieth Congress, 
require by subpena or otherwise the at¬ 
tendance of such witnesses and the produc¬ 
tion of such books, papers, and documents, 
to administer such oaths, to take such testi¬ 
mony, to procure such printing and binding, 
and to make such expenditures as it deems 
advisable. 

Sec. 3. The committee is authorized to 
designate and appoint an Advisory Council 
to study, assist, consult with, and advise the 
Committee on Finance or its duly author¬ 
ized subcommittc ■>, and the committee is 
further authorized to designate and ap¬ 
point such other officers, experts, or assist¬ 
ants as it deems necessary for the perform¬ 
ance of the investigation directed by this 
resolution. 

Sec. 4. The compensation of persons as¬ 
sisting the committee in the investigation 
directed by this resolution shall be fixed by 
the committee at such amounts or rates as 
the committee deems appropriate, but such 
amounts or rates shall not exceed the 
amounts or rates payable for comparable 
duties prescribed by the Classification Act of 
1923, as amended. 

Sec. 5. The committee or its duly consti¬ 
tuted subcommittee is authorized, with the 
approval of the Committee on Rules and Ad¬ 
ministration, to request the use of the serv¬ 
ices, information, facilities, and personnel of 


the departments and agencies in the execu¬ 
tive branch of the Government in the per¬ 
formance of its duties under this resolution. 

Sec. 6. The expenses of the committee un¬ 
der this resolution, which shall not exceed 
$25,000 shall be paid out of the contingent 
fund of the Senate upon vouchers signed 
by the chairman. J. 

INVESTIGATION OF NATIONAL DEFENSE 

PROGRAM—FURTHER INCREASE IN 

LIMIT OF EXPENDITURES 

Jr 

The resolution (S. fees. 145) further 
increasing the limit of expenditures in 
the investigation qi the national defense 
program was coqfisidered and agreed to, 
as follows: # 

Resolved, Thai the limit of expenditures 
under Senate Resolution 71, Seventy-seventh 
Congress, fijSt session, agreed to March 1, 
1941, and Resolutions suplemental thereto 
and amendatory thereof, including Senate 
Resolution 46, Eightieth Congress, first ses¬ 
sion, agreed to January 22, 1947 (relating 
to tmS investigation of the national defense 
program), is hereby increased by $25,000. 

/ VESTIGATION OF OPERATIONS OF RE¬ 
CONSTRUCTION FINANCE CORPORA¬ 
TION AND SUBSIDIARIES 

The resolution (S. Res. 132) to investi¬ 
gate the operations of the Reconstruction 
Finance Corporation and its subsidiaries 
was considered and agreed to, as follows: 

Resolved, That the Senate Committee on 
Banking and Currency, or any duly author¬ 
ized subcommittee thereof, is authorized and 
directed to conduct a full and complete in¬ 
quiry into the operations of the Reconstruc¬ 
tion Finance Corporation and its subsidiaries. 

Sec. 2. The committee shall report its find¬ 
ings, together with its recommendations for 
such legislation as it may deem advisable, 
to the Senate at the earliest practicable date 
but not later than March 1,1948. 

Sec. 3. For the purposes of this resolution, 
the committee, or any duly authorized sub¬ 
committee thereof, is authorized to employ 
upon a temporary basis such technical, cler¬ 
ical, and other assistants as it deems advis¬ 
able, and is authorized, with the consent of 
the head of the department or agency con¬ 
cerned, to utilize the services, information, 
facilities, and personnel of any of the depart¬ 
ments or agencies of the Government. The 
expenses of the committee under this reso¬ 
lution, which shall not exceed $50,000, shall 
paid from the contingent fund of the 
S spate upon vouchers approved by the chair- 
man, of the committee. 

^ BILL PASSED OVER 

The V 11 (H - R - 3343) to enable the 
Governm^t of the United States more 
effectively t& carry on its foreign relations 
by means of promotion of the interchang¬ 
es of persons,-knowledge, and skills be¬ 
tween the peopl&pf the United States and 
other countries v#ps announced as next 
in order. 

Mr. TAFT. Let thMiill be passed over. 
The PRESIDENT pi$g tempore. The 
bill will be passed over. \ 

FURTHER INCREASE IN EXPENDITURES 
OF COMMITTEE ON RULES AND AD¬ 
MINISTRATION 

The resolution (S. Res. 142) irfereasing 
the limit of expenditures by thE-'Com¬ 
mittee on Rules and Administration for 
the employment of temporary assist 
and making certain expenditures 
announced as next in order. 

Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, may we 
have an explanation? 



No. 142-12 


10026 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—SENATE 


July 23 


( Mr. HATCH. Mr. President, I, also, 
puld like to have an explanation. 
sMr. JENNER. Mr. President, the 
resolution was unanimously reported by 
th& Committee on Rules and Adminis¬ 
tration. The resolution calls for an ifi- 
cease of $95,000 in the amount of fcne 
funds previously authorized, for the pur¬ 
pose pf conducting investigations in cbn- 
nectien' with the election cases in/ the 
States of Maryland and West Virginia. 

The\ budget in connection with the 
resolution provides for a staff of 12 in¬ 
vestigators, 4 clerks and stenographers 
and 1 chief counsel. The resolution was 
unanimously approved by the committee. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is 
there objection to the present considera¬ 
tion of the resolution? / 

There being no objection, the resolu¬ 
tion was considered and agreed to, as 
follows: 

Resolved, That the limit of expenditures 
authorized under Senate Resolution 54, 
Eightieth Congress, agreed to January 17, 
1947 (authorizing the expenditure of funds 
and the. employment of aslltants by the 
Committee on Rules and Administration in 
carrying out the duties imposed upon it by 
subsection (o) (1) (D) of rfele XXV of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate), as increased 
by Senate Resolution 114, Eightieth Congress, 
agreed to May 21, 1947, ip hereby further 
increased by $95,000. 

SALE OF PAXON FIJ^D, FLA.—BILL 
PASSED QfVER 

The bill (S. 1582) relating to the sale 
of Paxon Field, Duvaf County, Fla., was 
announced as next m order. 

' !r. MORSE. MrJ President, may we 
have an explanation' please? 

Mr. HOLLAND. felr. President, Paxon 
Field is a small, ^upplemetnal airfield 
located outside thfe city of Jacksonville, 
Fla. One hundred seventy-three acres 
of land are involved—not nearly suffi¬ 
cient for permanent use as an airfield. 

Before the wab, the land belonged to 
the Farm Credit Administration. Dur¬ 
ing the war thfe Navy Department was 
operating a large station close to Jack¬ 
sonville, Fla., fend it asked that a sup¬ 
plemental field be located on this land, 
for use in connection with the Jackson¬ 
ville field, b 

This measure has been reported unan¬ 
imously by /the committee. .It permits 
the sale of/the land in question to the 
school authorities of Duval County, Fla., 
at 50 percent of the appraised value, for 
the purpose of enabling the location on 
the land jof a kindergarten, elementary 
school, tfmior high school, junior col¬ 
lege, an J an administration building, to¬ 
gether ijFith recreational facilities all of 
which /ill be erected by the school au- 
thoritifl 

I upflerstand that this matter hks re¬ 
ceived' the approval of all Government 
authorities having anything to do With 
it, and I know that this area is badly 
needed for development for school pur¬ 
pose's in the area of Jacksonville, wlfifre 
additional school facilities are badly 
nefeded at the present time. 

Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, I have 
np doubt that there is need for it; but 
we have pending before various com¬ 
mittees, bills providing for the disposi¬ 
tion of other property, some of which is 
ialso sought by schools. For instance, I 



1 


ray refer to the Fort Douglas area, at 
gait Lake City, a portion of which 
gry much needed for the University 
ih. But the difficulty is that we sJe 
dilposing of Federal property by a 
cattsh-as-catch-can procedure, and/we 
havknot reached any conclusion afe to 
whacvthe uniform policy should be*.' Of 
cours/ there is danger that without' such 
a uniform policy, these measures will 
be resolved into “pork barrel” proposi¬ 
tions. \ J 

In these cases we are dealing with 
property belonging to all the/ people of 
the United.States; and I thifek it is in¬ 
cumbent upon the Congress of the 
United Statfes to reach sorrye agreement 
as to a uniform policy applicable to all 
cases of the deposition of,Federal prop¬ 
erty, so that one group ^ill not get one 
parcel of land at 5 centfe on the dollar, 
and another group at 56 percent of the 
appraised value. \ / 

Therefore, I object/ 

The PRESIDENT j>ro tempore. Ob¬ 
jection being hear/, the bill will be 
passed over. ,/■ 

Mr. HOLLAND/ Mr. President, I 
should like to ndake a further brief 
statement. / 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. With¬ 
out objection, fehe Senator may do so. 
He has already* made one statement. 

Mr. HOLLAND. I should like to say 
that, as stated in the committee report, 
the disposal of this property at 50 per¬ 
cent of its appraised value would permit 
the United States Government to re¬ 
ceive all the money which it paid orig¬ 
inally tot the purchase of the property. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objec¬ 
tion hafe been heard, and the bill is passed 
over. / 

The clerk will state the next measure 
on the calendar. 

INCOME TAXES OF PRISONERS OF * WAR 
AND INTERNEES 

The bill (H. R. 3444) to amend section 

251 of the Internal Revenue Code was 

considered, ordered to a third reading, 

read the third time, and passed. 

...... - . - . . ...... .. 

ADDITIONAL RELIEF FOR NONPROCESS- 

' ING SLAUGHTERERS 

The bill (S. 1429) to amend Public Law 
88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved 
Juhe 23, 1945, was announced as next in 
order. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is 
there objection to the present considera¬ 
tion of the bill? 

Mr. WHERRY. Mr. President, may we 
have an explanation of the bill. 

Mr. MCCARTHY. Mr. President, this 
bill deals with the subsidies paid to non¬ 
processing slaughterers of cattle. The 
Office of Economic Stabilization estab¬ 
lished certain rules and regulations for 
the interpretation of the Subsidy Act, 
providing that slaughterers would be 
paid a subsidy under certain conditions 
if they bought the cattle at the farm, 
slaughtered it for meat, and sold the meat 
nonprocessed. A number of slaughterers 
felt that the interpretation was discrim¬ 
inatory and not proper. 

At a later date the Office of Economic 
Stabilization was convinced that the ob¬ 
jecting slaughterers were right, and 
thereupon amended the rules so as to 


bring these certain slaughterers under 
the program, which was designed to in¬ 
crease the production of beef. But they 
failed to make their action retroactive. 

Mr. WHERRY. Does the Senator 
mean it brought them under Federal 
inspection or State inspection? 

Mr. MCCARTHY. No; it brought 
them under the rules which allow them 
to collect a subsidy. In other words, the 
slaughterer paid the farmers so much 
for a cow, and if he wanted to sell it at 
the ceiling placed upon meat, it was 
decided he had to have a subsidy or he 
would be losing money, and consequently 
would quit buying from the farmer. 

Mr. WHERRY. What does the bill 
accomplish? 

Mr. MCCARTHY. The Office of Eco¬ 
nomic Stabilization finally acceded to 
the demands of the slaughterers and 
changed the rules to what they consid¬ 
ered to be fair rules. However, in doing 
that they did not make the rules retroac¬ 
tive to the date of the original rule. 

Mr. GURNEY. Mr. President, will the 
Senator yield for a moment? 

Mr. McCarthy. I yield. 

Mr. GURNEY. Due to the fact that 
the members of the Committee on Armed 
Services must go to a conference con¬ 
sidering the unification bill, and there 
are bills on the calendar reported from 
that committee, if there is no one here 
to explain the bills they may be tempo¬ 
rarily passed over so that they may be 
explained later in the afternoon. 

Mr. ROBERTSON of Virginia. Mr. 
President, if the Senator will yield, I shall 
be glad to tell him that our committee 
went rather fully into this matter. In 
just two instances, one in California and 
one in Florida, has question arisen over 
the beef subsidy, growing out of the ques¬ 
tion whether or not the slaughterhouse 
had slaughtered for others or slaugh¬ 
tered its own cattle. 

The testimony before us was to the 
effect that there was a technicality, and 
a different ruling adopted subsequently, 
under which the two slaughterhouses 
referred to, one in California and one 
in Florida, would have qualified for the 
subsidy, but they had been in business a 
few months prior to the change in the 
ruling, and that eliminated them. Our 
committee was unanimous in the feeling 
that justice dictated that two slaughter¬ 
houses which had made their full contri¬ 
bution to the war effort, and had given to 
the war effort their entire output, should 
be treated on a par with the other 
slaughterhouses. 

Mr. CORDON. Mr. President, will the 
Senator yield? 

Mr. ROBERTSON of Virginia. I yield. 

Mr. CORDON. Is this one of the cases 
where there would have to be specific leg¬ 
islation so that the door would not be 
open thereafter for some administrative 
officer to determine there were 9, 12, or 
2,000 who could come within the classi¬ 
fication for reasons different from those 
which exist in the two cases? 

Mr. ROBERTSON of Virginia. We 
went into that, and have been assured 
that, so far as anybody knew, so far as 
any claim has been presented, there are 
only two cases. It is my recollection we 
amended the Pepper bill to include the 








1947 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—SENATE 


10027 


California case. I will ask the Senator 
from Wisconsin if that was not what we 
did. 

Mr. MCCARTHY. I think the Senator 
has accurately stated the situation. 

Mr. CORDON. Will the Senator fur¬ 
ther yield? 

Mr. ROBERTSON of Virginia. I yield. 

Mr. CORDON. I hope the Senator 
will let the bill go over. If he will pre¬ 
pare an amendment which at least will 
put a time limit upon the life of the act, 
if the bill should be enacted, so that it 
will expire by virtue of its own terms, I 
shall have no objection, but I believe an 
amendment to that effect should be 
placed in the bill. 

Mr. ROBERTSON of Virginia. It 
relates only to the two specific cases. I 
think it would be difficult to get general 
legislation through affecting the action, 
because it was not an act, but a bureau 
regulation. That is the difference. 

Mr. CORDON. If the Senator will 
yield, my suggestion is that the pending 
bill be amended by adding to it a provi¬ 
sion that claims must be filed within a 
specified time, so that when that time 
has elapsed no other claims can be 
brought forward, and the legislation can 
be terminated. 

Mr. ROBERTSON of Virginia. So far 
as I am concerned, that would be satis¬ 
factory, but the proponent of the bill can 
speak for himself. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
Senator’s time has expired. 

Mr. PEPPER. Mr. President- 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is 
there objection to the consideration of 
the bill? 

Mr. CORDON. I ask that the bill go 
over temporarily. 

Mr. McCarthy. Mr. President, in 
view of the fact that I did not have an 
opportunity to explain the bill fully to 
the Senator from Nebraska, I should like 
to have 3 minutes of my own time to 
do that. 

Mr. WHERRY. In order to get the 
distinguished Senator otft of .his diffi¬ 
culty, as to his time having expired, I 
should like to ask the Senator a question 
in my own time, that is, if objection has 
not been made. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
Senator may proceed. 

Mr. WHERRY. I should like to ask the 
distinguished Senator from Wisconsin 
why it is that the Committee on Bank¬ 
ing and Currency are handling two 
claims which it seems to me should have 
gone to the Committee on the Judiciary, 
if this is a claim, and on what basis a 
payment is to be made retroactively to 
two slaughtering houses which would 
not apply to any other slaughtering 
houses. 

Mr. MCCARTHY. Let me first say to 
the Senator from Nebraska that the bill 
does not involve any Wisconsin slaugh¬ 
terhouse. 

Mr. WHERRY. I understand that. 

Mr. MCCARTHY. It relates to one in 
California and one in Florida. We felt 
that these two slaughterhouses were be¬ 
ing penalized on account of bad admin¬ 
istration. If I may have 2 minutes- 

Mr. WHERRY. It is O. K. It is on 
my time. 


Mr. McCarthy. The Office of Eco¬ 
nomic Stabilization issued a rule to the 
effect that if a slaughterhouse was oper¬ 
ated during all of 1942 slaughtering ani¬ 
mals which they themselves owned they 
would come under the rule. There was 
objection to that on the part of certain 
slaughterhouses which would not come 
under the rule. 

Later, after going over this matter for 
about 16 months, the administration de¬ 
cided that apparently their original rule 
was not a wise one. They then said that 
even if a man were not slaughtering 
his own cattle during the particular base 
period, if he were slaughtering cattle for 
someone else but selling on his own, he 
would come under the rule and that in¬ 
stead of taking 1942 as a base period 
they would take from January 1, 1941, 
to the date of the enactment of the act 
as the base period. 

In adopting the rule they did not make 
it retroactive to those men who had been 
buying cattle from the farmers and who 
had been paying the same price as the 
subsidized buyers had paid, and who, of 
course, were suffering from the necessity 
of either quitting buying cattle or tak¬ 
ing a loss. They took the loss, assuming 
that the matter would later be rectified. 
As I have said, all we are doing by the 
bill is putting those men in the position 
they would have occupied had there been 
efficient administration. 

Mr. WHERRY. Were they small pack¬ 
ers, licensed under the State or under 
the Federal Government, or did they 
have inspection by State or Federal Gov¬ 
ernment, and did they comply with all 
the provisions of the law? 

Mr. McCarthy. Oh, yes. It was de¬ 
termined later that they came under the 
law and should have been paid. There 
was no question of inspection, and no 
question at all that they should have 
come under the regulation originally. 

Mr. WHERRY. I have no objection. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
bill has been temporarily passed over. 
The clerk will state the next bill on the 
calendar. 


The bill (H. R. 4075) to regulate cor 
I meVce among the several States, with the 
Territories and possessions of the United 
StatesVand with foreign countries; was 
announced as next in order. 

Several\Senators. Over! 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
bill will be parsed over. 

The bill (S. 4^) to provide’ for the dem¬ 
onstration of public library service in 
areas without such service or with in¬ 
adequate library ’facilities, was an¬ 
nounced as next in pfrjer. 

Mr. TAFT. Ovy 

The PRESIDENT pro\empore. The 
| bill will be passed over. 

ON-FARM TRAIN! I> 


The bill/(H. R. 2181) relatihjg to in¬ 
stitutional on-farm training for vfejterans, 
was announced as next in order. 
Mr/G’AFT. Over. 

GEORGE. Mr. President, may I 
inquire who lodged the objection to the 
j bill? 


\ Mr. TAFT. I objected to any exten- I 
\sion of on-the-job training. The bill ' 
will be brought up on motion. 

Mr. GEORGE. This does not provide 
r on-the-job training, but on-farm? 
twining. The principal purpose is to 
vent it being regarded as on-the-jqb 
ning. / 

r. TAFT. The bill will be brought 
fter the call of the calendar, to¬ 
gether with other on-the-job training 
bills.' 

MrA GEORGE. I give notice th*at I 
shall move to take it up, because it is 
very much needed in my State and in 
all the ^Southeastern States. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore/ The 
bill goeaover under objection, and the 
clerk will state the next bill on the cal¬ 
endar. \ 

ALLOWANCE FOR REHABILITATION IN 
SERTICE-CONNECTED CASES 

The Senate proceeded to consider the 
bill (S. 1236) to increase the' minimum 
allowance payable for rehabilitation in 
service-connected cases, which had been 
reported fronl the Committee on Labor 
and Public Welfare with an amendment, 
to strike out aliafter the enacting clause, 
and to insert: A a. 

That effective A the first-day of the sec¬ 
ond calendar month subsequent to the date 
of enactment of this act,'paragraph 3 of 
part VII of Veterans Regulation No. 1 (a), 
as amended, is amAided td read as follows: 

“3. While pursuing training prescribed 
herein, and for 2 mSnths after his employ- 
ability is determine* each veteran pursu¬ 
ing a course under tiis/ part, shall be paid 
a subsistence allowanofe 'of $65 per month, if 
without a dependent at dependents, or $90 
per month; and for a Arson with a depend- 
pendents: Except, ThaxWch veteran pursu¬ 
ing a full-time institutional course under 
this part shall be paid 4 subsistence allow¬ 
ance of $75 per month, ifVvithout a depend¬ 
ent or dependents, or $101 per month, if he 
has one dependent ,hr $124 per month, if he 
has more than ode dependent : Provided, 
That the minimum payment of such allow¬ 
ance, plus any pension or otker benefit, shall 
be, for a person Futhout a dependent, $115 
per month; and for a person with a depend¬ 
ent, $125, plus the following amounts for 
additional dependents: (1) $11 for one child 
and $7 additior/il for each additional child, 
and (2) $15 f<fr a dependent parent: Pro- 
vied further, That the rates sA out herein 
shall be required to submit monthly to the 
ized by Public Law No. 312, Seventy-eighth 
Congress, approved May 27, 1944\ And pro¬ 
vided further, That when the cottase of vo¬ 
cational rehabilitation furnished t\ any per¬ 
son as herein provided consists oa training 
on the job by an employer, such Employer 
shall be required to submit month* to the 
Administrator a statement in writir* show¬ 
ing any vf&ge, compensation, or otherlncome 
paid by him to such person during the month, 
directly Or indirectly, and based upof| such 
written statements, the Administrator m au¬ 
thorized to reduce the subsistence allowance 
of such person to an amount considered 
equitable and just.” 

The amendment was agreed to. 

Mr. TAFT. Mr. President, this bill __ 
creases the allowances for disabled vet¬ 
erans who are taking vocational trail¬ 
ing, increase being approximately 15 pery 
cent. The cost of the bill will be ap* 
proximately $30,000,000 a year. How-, 
ever, I think there is a general desire to 
grant the increase, particularly as it 
goes to disabled veterans. I merely wish 







10028 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—SENATE 


\p say that the bill is a part of the gen¬ 
eral program which I presented a few 
days ago, and I think the bill should be 
passed. 

The' PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
questionis on the engrossment and third 
reading of-, the bill. 

The bill Vas ordered to be engrossed 
for a third reading, read the third time, 
and passed. 

AMENDMENT \>F DEPARTMENT OF 
AGRICULTURE ORGANIC ACT 

The bill (S. 1026)\o amend section 101 
(b) of the Department of Agriculture 
Organic Act of 1944, w^s announced as 
next in order. 

Mr. BARKLEY. Mr. President, may 
I ask for a brief explanation of the bill 
by the Senator from Kansas* 

Mr. CAPPER. Mr. Presidenfythe rea¬ 
sons for the legislation propolted are 
found in a letter written by the Honor¬ 
able Clinton P. Anderson, Secretary of 
Agriculture, to the President pro tl 
pore of the Senate, which letter will 
found in the report. In that letter, theR 
Secretary of Agriculture states: 

Pursuant to the 1935 statute, the national 
poultry improvement plan was made effec¬ 
tive on July 1, 1935, under an appropriation 
for the Bureau of Animal Industry of 
$40,000. Participation in the plan by hatch¬ 
eries and other flock owners is on a volun¬ 
tary basis, as is cooperation by the State au¬ 
thorities in formulation and administration 
of the plan. The plan consists of two 
phases: One for the improvement of the 
breeds of poultry, and the other for control 
and eradication of pullorum disease. The 
plan has now been adopted by 47 of the 48 
States, and 3,952 hatcheries with an egg¬ 
hatching capacity in excess of 250,000,000 
eggs—or about 50 percent of the total egg¬ 
hatching capacity in the United States— 
participate in the program. There are ap¬ 
proximately 92,000 hatching-egg flock own¬ 
ers and 345 specialized trap nest pedigree 
breeders participating in the advanced breed 
improvement phase of the program. The 
effectiveness of the disease-control phase of 
the plan is demonstrated by the fact that 
the incidence of pullorum disease has de¬ 
creased from an average of 3.7 percent in the 
4,000,000 birds officially tested during the 
first year of the operation of the national 
poultry improvement plan to less than 1.84 
percent in the 25,000,000 birds officially tested 
in 1945-46. 

Poultry officials in Hawaii and a hatcher^- 
man in the District of Columbia have now 
indicated their desire to participate iy the 
national poultry improvement plan, And it 
is anticipated that the poultry industry and 
authorities in Puerto Rico, the wgin Is¬ 
lands, and Alaska would also IUk to take 
part in the cooperative programme the im¬ 
provement of poultry, poultryyproducts, and 
hatcheries. This is not possible, however, 
under the authority presently vested in the 
Secretary of Agriculture b$ the Department 
of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944, since 
that statute provides /or cooperation only 
with State authorities: 

Accordingly, thera-hs transmitted herewith 
for reference to the appropriate committee 
of the Senate a proposed amendment to the 
organic act of /944 to authorize the Secre¬ 
tary of Agriculture to cooperate with the 
authorities />t the District of Columbia, 
Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin 
Islands, a* well as the several States, in the 
administration of regulations for the im¬ 
provement of poultry, poultry products, and 
hatcheries. 

The Bureau of the Budget advises this 
Department that it has no objection to the 
submission of this proposed legislation. 


Mr. BARKLEY. Mr. President, if I 
understand the Senator from Kansas 
and the letter from the Secretary of 
Agriculture, this is a bill to amend the 
organic act. That means the act set¬ 
ting up the Department of Agriculture. 
The purpose, as I understand, is that the 
Secretary of Agriculture shall cooperate 
with all the States and Territories in the 
improvement of the breed of chickens 
and in efforts to increase the production 
of eggs. It is some sort of plan by which 
it is desired that the Department of Agri¬ 
culture coperate with Alaska, Hawaii, 
Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, in 
order to obtain increased production of 
eggs, and to improve the breed of poultry. 
Is that correct? 

Mr. CAPPER. I think the recom¬ 
mendation is sound and practical. In 
his letter, addressed to the President pro 
tempore of the Senate, the Secretary of 
Agriculture gives it his unqualified 
approval. 

Mr. BARKLEY. I could not object to 
any bill designed to improve the breed 
of poultry and to increase the productior 
Df eggs in this country or in the Terr ' 
aries. I thank the Senator from Kaq/as 
fols^his explanation of the bill. 

<e PRESIDENT pro tempoj^. Is 


there 
tion o 


sidera- 


bjection to the present coj) 
he bill? 

ThereSj)eing no objection^ the bill 
(S. 1026)\o amend sectionrlOl (b) of 
the Department of Agriculture Organic 
Act of 1944, w^s considered, ordered to be 
engrossed for\ third leading, was read 
the third time, afad passed, as follows: 

Be it enacted, efc\jKat section 101 (b) of 


riculture Organic Act 
hereby amended to 


the Department of 
of 1944 (58 Stat. 73 
read as follows: 

“(b) The Seci£tary of Itericulture is au¬ 
thorized to cooperate with lttate authorities 
and with thjf authorities of\jie District of 
Columbia, Maska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and 
the Virgimaslands, In the administration of 
regulations for the improvement^ poultry, 
poultr^products, and hatcheries.” 

SUCTION-IN-FORCE REGULA1 

Phe bill (S. 1188) to provide that con- 
aeration shall be given, in establishni 
detention preference regulations, to em> 
ployees permanently injured in line of 
duty, and to permit exemption of such 
employees from the regulations, was an¬ 
nounced as next in order. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is 
there objection to the present considera¬ 
tion of the bill? 

Mr. TAFT. Mr. President, may we 
have an explanation? 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
Senator from Ohio,requests an explana¬ 
tion. The Senator from Vermont is 
recognized for 5 minutes. 

Mr. FLANDERS. Mr. President, the 
bill as it came from the committee is a 
new bill, resulting from hearings on two 
bills before the committee, one intro¬ 
duced by the senior Senator from Penn¬ 
sylvania, the other by the junior Senator 
from West Virginia. The purpose of the 
bill is better stated by reading the 
amended title: 

A bill to authorize the Civil Service Com¬ 
mission, in the promulgation of reduction- 
in-force regulations, to give consideration to 
employees who have incurred injuries re¬ 
sulting in occupational handicaps. 


July 23 

W 

The Commission is not now able to-do 
so. It seems in the public intere§rT as 
well as in justice, it should be penpitted 
to do this, for by so doing it may*relieve 
a community by enabling it remove 
from the relief rolls people stfll capable 
of useful work, who can objjfnn payment 
therefor. 

Mr. TAFT. Mr. President, will the 
Senator yield? 

Mr. FLANDERS. L/ield. 

Mr. TAFT. The Jail would appear to 
give the Civil Service Commission com¬ 
plete power to tejf every office the order 
in which employees must be dismissed, 
if they are toA>e dismissed. That is to 
say, employees must be released in ac¬ 
cordance vph Civil Service Commission 
regulations, giving effect to tenure of 
employdrent, military preference, and so 
forth./The Civil Service Commission, it 
seempto me, may minimize the allowance 
foiynnilitary preference. Does not the 
bjlf, in effect, nullify the advantages 
ven to veterans by the various laws 
which have been enacted? 

Mr. FLANDERS. My understanding 
is that it makes no difference in the effect 
of existing regulations, on tenure of em¬ 
ployment, military preference, or mili¬ 
tary service, length of service, and effi¬ 
ciency ratings. It simply adds, “non¬ 
disabling occupational handicap result¬ 
ing from injury or disease.” The Civil 
Service Commission is given the right to 
determine its own ratings in decisions 
as to retention of employees. 

Mr. LODGE. Mr. President, will the 
Senator yield? 

Mr. FLANDERS. I yield. 

Mr. LODGE. Will this bill have any 
effect on the situation which I outlined 
last week whereby civil-service employees 
with excellent ratings are being dis¬ 
charged while those with inferior rat¬ 
ings are retained? 

Mr. FLANDERS. I suppose, Mr. Pres¬ 
ident, that theoretically that might hap¬ 
pen. The alternative is to give some per¬ 
centage rating for various degrees of dis¬ 
ability. I. am confident that the Civil 
Service Commission would not use this 
measure for such purpose. The number 
of employees involved in this matter is 
very small. I do not remember the Ag¬ 
es, but a very small number indeed is 
involved. 

MYERS. Mr. President, will the 
Senator yield? 

Mr. INLANDERS. I yield. 

Mr. MYERS. I understand that the 
present laV does not spell out the exact 
number of points which should be given 
for various ^preferences, the leeway 
which should bte allowed with respect to 
service efficiencyvrating, and so forth, 
and we see no wafcof spelling it out in 
this legislation. Our only purpose was 
that in the case of those who are not 
entirely disabled but \re injured and 
handicapped because oX their Federal 
service as the result of wlwch it is im¬ 
possible for them to get Employment 
elsewhere the handicap suffered by them 
shall be taken into consideration in the 
matter of retention or dischargeNpf em¬ 
ployees. 

The Senator from Ohio mentioned 
that it might in effect interfere wr 
some of the preference granted to enis 



1947 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—SENATE 


10029 


lg of the Vet- 
yith the single 
the new clause 
handicaps. So 
any virtues and 
inhere in the 


ployees. I do not believe so, because it 
my understanding that the Commis/ 
sion has set up certain regulations, but 
that the law itself does not indicate how 
many points are to be given for each 
preference. 

Jr. TAFT. Mr. President, will the 
Senator yield? 

MV. FLANDERS. I yield. 

Mflj TAFT. The committee report 
says-Land this is what raised the ques¬ 
tion iq my mind: 

The 'committee does not believe that the 
enactment of S. 1188 would in any manner 
detract Vfrom the effects of any types of 
existing ^preferences such as veterans’, vet¬ 
eran widows’, wives of veterans’, etc. 

I do n$t quite see why the committee 
comes to;that conclusion. Now a new 
law is proposed to be passed. Perhaps 
it would be the reenactment of an old 
law, but if the bill becomes laW it super¬ 
sedes laws tyrhich have heretofore been 
passed, and provides that J employees 
“shall be released in accordance with 
Civil Service Commision Regulations.” 
It sems to mo the bill gives unlimited 
power to the Civil Service] Commission 
to make new regulations with respect to 
dismissal of employees. 

Mr. FLANDERS. Mr. President, the 
wording of the bill was designed to fol¬ 
low completely the wore 
erans’ Preference Act, 
exception of inserting 
relating to nondisabling 
the bill appears to havf 
any faults which ms' 
original act. 

Mr. TAFT. I am only suggesting that 
when a bill is passed^ which reenacts an 
old statute, and also^contains new rules, 
even the old rules] become of greater 
significance in superseding Federal leg¬ 
islation which may have been passed 
since the passage of the old statutes. 

Mr. LODGE. Would not the bill 
weaken or diminish soniewhat the vet¬ 
erans’ preferences? 

Mr. FLANDERS. No. It simply al¬ 
lows the Civil Service Commission to con¬ 
sider nondisabUhg occupational handi¬ 
caps in reduction of personnel, following, 
in importance,!enure of employment and 
military serviefe. 

Mr. LODGE. It puts the fionveteran 
on a par with the veteran if the non¬ 
veteran has been disabled? 

Mr. FLANDERS. No. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
time on the bill has expired. \ 

Is there ^objection t 0 the present con¬ 
sideration 4)f the bill? 

There being no objection, the Senate 
proceeded to consider the bill (S* 1188) 
to provide that consideration shall be 
given, iq establishing retention prefer¬ 
ence regulations, to employees perm¬ 
anently injured in line of duty, and to 
permit/exemption of such employees from 
the regulations, which had been reported 
from the Committee on Civil Service with 
amendments, on page 1, line 3, after the 
word “That”, to insert “so much of”; in 
line 4, after the numerals “1944” to strike 
out..“is” and insert “as precedes the first 
proviso in such section is”; in line 5, 
after the word “amended” to strike out 
“by adding at the end thereof the follow¬ 
ing” and insert “to read as follows:”; 


on page 1, beginning in line 7, to strike, 
ut “ ‘In establishing regulations provid-j 
ihg preference in retention of employee 
in'pase of a reduction in personnel, Vie 
Coriynission shall give due considerate 
to employees who have been permanently 
injured in line of duty and who arsr cap¬ 
able of;, performing the duties or their 
positions, The Commission is authorized 
to exempt, such employees fronj the ap¬ 
plication, ip whole or in panf, of such 
regulations’\; and at the enef of the bill 
to insert a ne^y section 12, s/ as to make 
the bill read: 

Be it enacted, etc., That sc^nuch of section 
12 of the Veterans’ Preference Act of 1944 
as precedes the flrsi^provi/o in such section 
is amended to read as.folfows: 

“Sec. 12. In any reduction in personnel in 
any civilian service of^pny Federal agency, 
competing employees? shall be released in 
accordance with Ciyll Service Commission 
regulations which jshall gtye due effect to 
tenure of employment, military preference, 
nondisabling occtfpational hlyidicap result¬ 
ing from injurydisease caused by Federal 
civilian or military service, length of service, 
and efficiency .Ratings;.” \ 

The amendments were agreed, to. 

The bill’was ordered to be engrossed 
for a thi/d reading, read the third, time, 
and passed. \ 

The title was amended so as to read: 
“A bil/to authorize the Civil Service Com¬ 
mission, in the promulgation of reduCr 
tionr in force regulations, to give con¬ 
sideration to employees who have in- 
rred injuries resulting in occupational 
andicaps.” 


SL 


ADDITIONAL RELIEF FOR CERTAIN NON¬ 
PROCESSING SLAUGHTERERS 

Mr. PEPPER. Mr. President, I ask 
unanimous consent that the Senate revert 
to Senate bill 1429, Calendar No. 607, 
which was passed over temporarily a mo¬ 
ment ago. The Senator from Oregon 
[Mr. Cordon] desires to offer an amend¬ 
ment to the bill. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is 
there objection? 

There being no objection, the Senate 
proceeded to consider the bill (S. 1429), 
to amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth 
Congress, approved June 23, 1945. 

Mr. PEPPER. Mr. President, I now 
ask that the companion bill, House bill 
3738, be substituted for the Senate bill. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Is 
there objection? 

There being no objection, the Senate 
proceeded to consider the bill (H. R. 3738) 
to amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth 
Congress, approved June 23, 1945. 

Mr. CORDON. Mr. President, I offer 
an amendment to the House bill, to delete 
the period at the end of the bill and to 
add a colon and the following: “ Provided , 
That claims for benefits hereunder must 
be filed within 6 months after enactment 
of this act.” 

Mr. PEPPER. Mr. President, I have 
no objection to the amendment. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
question is on the amendment offered by 
the Senator from Oregon. 

The amendment was agreed to. 

The amendment was ordered to be 
engrossed, and the bill to be read a third 
time. 

The bill was read a third time and 
passed. 


The PRESIDENT pro tempore. With¬ 
out objection, Senate bill 1429 will be 
indefinitely postponed. 

SALE OF PAXON FIELD, DUVAL 

COUNTY, FLA. j 

Mr. HOLLAND. Mr. President, I ask J 
lanimous consent that the Senate re-/ 
vkrt to Senate bill 1582, which was passed 
over a few moments ago, because I be¬ 
lieve the objections heretofore made wpl 
be withdrawn. Since the bill was passed 
ove* I have discovered the following fajfcts 
witna-eference to the situation. The Gov¬ 
ernment paid for the property $18^000. 
The present appraised valuation is $40,- 
000. The county would be obliged to pay 
$20,004 which would show a prefit of 
$2,000 op the Federal Government bn its 
investment. Under those circumstances, 

I hope the distinguished Senator from 
Oregon will not renew his objection. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempfere. Is 
there objection ito the requesjf of the 
Senator from Florida that the Senate re¬ 
vert to Senate bill 1580, Calendar No. 605? 

Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, I wish 
to make a very brief statement in re¬ 
gard to the matter of principle and pol¬ 
icy involved in such cases J We have 
had pending before the Armed Services 
Committee for’some weeks tfie full prob¬ 
lem of the disposal of Federal property 
to various Govelrnment agencies, such as 
the Fort Wayne property gt Detroit, the 
Fort Douglas property at jBalt Lake City, 
and some 105 pieces of ^military prop¬ 
erty alone which': will nave to be dis¬ 
posed of in one w^y or /another, and in 
conformance with teome policy adopted 
by the Congress. Wef have taken the 
position in the Armojd Services Commit¬ 
tee that we do not\$iink it is proper 


thi 


for us to sit there an< 
a single dollar of th 
money and prope 
some uniform polij 
which we can act. 

I have talked 
Florida and he gi^fes me 
by acting favorably up< 
school authority 
giving back to 
the money the 
invested in th< 
eral Governmei 
on this pro] 
have raised 


n effect give away 
ederal taxpayers’ 
without having 
n the basis of 


in 


Senator from 
iassurance that 
the bill the 
case will be 
Federal Government 
deral Government has 
property. Tf the Fed- 
any money 
problem I 
applicable. But it 


al, t 
not 


does illustrate again, Mr. President, the 
importance of the Congress of tpe United 
States reaching some agreement and 
adopting some policy in regard to the 
disposal of |Federal property. I do not 
see how wo can sit here and in dne case 
give away/property for 5 cents ion the 
dollar, and in another case 25 ednts on 
the dollar and in another case 75-cents 
on the dollar, because such a procedure 
will resolve itself, if we do not waten out, 
into a back-scratching proposition\and 
a pure pork-barrel practice. 

Wh£^t I want, and what some of tny 
colleagues on the Armed Services Copi- 
mittei want is th establishment of • a 
definite policy. The Senator from Con¬ 
necticut [Mr. Baldwin], the Senate 
frorq Massachusetts [Mr. Saltonstall]', 
the Senator from Virginia [Mr. Byrd],*, 
and the Senator from Maryland [Mr. 
Tydings] are only some of the Senators, 
members of the Armed Services Commit- 










10030 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—SENATE 


July 23 


t^e, who have joined with me in this mat¬ 
ter^ I raised my objection before, because 
it was my understanding that we were 
making a gift of at least something to 
the school authorities of Florida, I with¬ 
draw my objection. If it is true, and the 
Senator from Florida assures me that it 
is true, that the Government is getting 
its money back, that we are not voting 
this afternoon to take out of the pock¬ 
ets of the American taxpayers some 
money or property and donating it to 
somebody in Florid^, I care not how 
worthy the proposal may be. 

The PRESIDENT 'ftro tempore. Is 
there objection to the present considera¬ 
tion of the bill? \ 

There being no objection, the bill (S. 
1582) relating to the sale of P^xon Field, 
Duval County, Fla., was considered, or¬ 
dered to be engrossed for a thlfed read¬ 
ing, read the third time, and pas^pd, as 
follows: 

Be it enacted, etc., That, notwithstanding 
the provisions of the Surplus Property Actxjf 
1944 or of any other law, the Federal Work 
Administrator is hereby authorized, in 
discretion, to sell all that tract or parcel of 
land described as part of the northwest quar¬ 
ter and the north half southwest quarter sec¬ 
tion 8, township 2 south, range 26 east, Duval 
County, Florida, described as follows: 

Beginning at an iron stake six hundred and 
seventy-two feet east of the northwest corner 
of section 8 and on the north line of said 
section; thence east one thousand three hun¬ 
dred and twenty-four and seven-tenths feet 
to an iron; thence south no degrees fifty min¬ 
utes east three hundred and thirty feet to an 
iron; thence east six hundred and thirty feet 
to an iron, set in concrete on the west side of 
Melson Avenue; thence south no degrees fifty 
minutes east along west side of said avenue 
one thousand nine hundred and eighty-five 
and two-tenths feet to an iron; thence west 
six hundred and thirty feet to an iron; thence 
south no degrees fifty minutes east three 
hundred feet to an iron on the north line of 
Louisa Street; thence west one thousand 
three hundred and sixty-one and one-tenth 
feet to an iron; thence north two thousand 
six hundred and sixteen and two-tenths feet 
to place of beginning, containing one hun¬ 
dred and nine and thirty-eight one-hun¬ 
dredths acres, more or less; also 

Beginning at an iron, six hundred and sev¬ 
enty-two feet east and two thousand six hun¬ 
dred and seventy-six and two-tenths feet 
south of the northwest corner of section 8;, 
thence east one thousand nine hundred an 
ninety-two and two-tenths feet to a cal¬ 
crete monument on the west side of M#son 
Avenue; thence south zero degrees fifta^min- 
utes east along the west side of said/avenue 
one thousand three hundred feet tflf^m iron; 
thence west one thousand four hi&dred and 
eleven and three-tenths feet jto an iron; 
thence north fifty feet to aoriron; thence 
west six hundred feet to an irafi; thence north 
one thousand two hundrecbfend fifty feet to 
place of beginning, containing fifty-nine and 
eight-tenths acres, more/fr less, and being the 
same land as shown attracts 1 and 2 on plat 
recorded in plat book»T3, page 82, public rec¬ 
ords of said county^-4nd containing one hun¬ 
dred and sixty-nj-ne and eighteen one-hu- 
dredths acres, nyfre or less; also 

Part of south-half southeast quarter south¬ 
east quarter/northwest quarter, section 8, 
township y south, range 26 east, Duval 
County, Flforida, bounded and described as 
follows: Beginning at a stone monument at 
the northwest corner of section 8, township 
2 south, range 26 east; thence along west line 
of §rijd section 8, south one degree sixteen 
mjAutes east two thousand six hundred and 
Jdrty-six and four-tenths feet to a point; 


thence east one thousand nine hundred and 
seventy-four and three-tenths feet to a point; 
thence north zero degrees fifty minutes west 
thirty feet to an iron stake in the north line 
of Louisa Street for a place of beginning of 
lands to be described; from said place of 
beginning run east along the north line of 
Louisa Street six hundred and thirty feet 
to an iron stake in the west line of Melson 
Avenue; thence along the west line of Mel¬ 
son Avenue north zero degrees fifty minutes 
west three hundred feet to an iron stake; 
thence west six hundred and thirty feet to 
an iron stake; thence south zero degrees fifty 
minutes east three hundred feet to place of 
beginning. 

Recorded in deed book 700, at page 497, of 
the current public records of Duval County, 
Florida, containing one hundred and eighty 
acres of land, more or less, together with all 
buildings, structures, and improvements 
thereon (known as Paxon Field), in the man¬ 
ner and subject to the terms and conditions 
provided in the act entitled “An act to au¬ 
thorize the sale of Federal buildings,” ap¬ 
proved August 26, 1935 (U. S. C., 1940 edition, 
title 40, sec. 345b). 

VETERANS’ HOSPITAL, CLARKSBURG, 

W. VA. 

S The bill (S. 1369) to authorize the Vet-j 
bfans’ Administration to acquire certai 
lahd as a site for proposed Vetera 
Administration facility at Clarkshflrg, 
W. VSb, and for other purposes, waS an¬ 
nounce^ as next in order. Jr 

The PRESIDENT pro tempo*:. This 
bill is theNsame as House bil^B739, Cal¬ 
endar No. 616. 

Mr. KILGORE. Mr. president, the 
Senate bill is the same a / Calendar 616, 
House bill 3739>.,with ^ne exception of 
two amendments. 1 ! 

The PRESIDENTS')ro tempore. The 
Senator is correct^' - 

Mr. KILGORE^" Aftfer conference with 
the Member of Jfie House'who introduced 
the House bU£ I have learned that he 
believes thar his bill will go as far as 
would the Amended Senate bill. There¬ 
fore I prjffer that the House bill be con- 
siderefV'rather than the Senate bill, in 
ordepao keep it out of conference be¬ 
tween the Senate and the House."'The 
bU#involves a Veterans’ Administration 
ability. No cost to the Government is 
Involved. I want the Veterans’ Admin¬ 
istration to get the larger site, if it can. 
Speed is of the essence, because the pro¬ 
gram involves the construction of a hos¬ 
pital. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Does 
the Senator desire to have House bill 3739 
amended? 

Mr. KILGORE. No; it is my desire 
that the Senate consider House bill 3739 
instead of Senate bill 1369, in order to 
expedite the passage of the bill. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The 
Senator from West Virginia asks that 
the House bill be substituted for the Sen¬ 
ate bill? is there objection? 

There being no objection, the bill (H. 
R. 3739) to authorize the Veterans’ Ad¬ 
ministration to acquire certain land as a 
site for the proposed Veterans’ Adminis¬ 
tration facility at Clarksburg, W. Va., 
and for other purposes was considered, 
ordered to a third reading, read the third 
time, and passed. 

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. With¬ 
out objection, Senate bill 1369 is indefi¬ 
nitely postponed. * 


G. R. BELOW 



The Senate proceeded to consider t! 
bill (S. 795) for the relief of G. R. Be¬ 
low, which had been reported from 'the 
Committee on the Judiciary, w#n an 
amendment on page 1, line 6, after the 
words “the sum of” to strike out “$10, 
000” and insert “$1,000.” 

The amendment was agreed to 

The bill was ordered to be engrossed for 
a third reading, read th^Third time, and 
passed, as follows: 

Be it enacted, etc.,3/1 lat the Secretary of 
the Treasury is authorized and directed to 
pay, out of any mopey in the Treasury not 
otherwise appropgfeted, to G. R. Below, of 
Seattle, Wash.,ime sum of $1,000, in full 
satisfaction of^nis claim against the United 
States for coafpensation for personal injuries 
and loss of*earning power sustained by him 
as a resuhrof having been hit, while engaged 
in the nonsuit of his occupation as a fisher¬ 
man, J* a bullet fired during target practice 
at tlwnaval section base, Port Angeles, Wash., 
on 16, 1942: Provided, That no part of 
t]$ amount appropriated in this act in ex- 
ess of 10 percent thereof shall be paid or 
^delivered to or received by any agent or at¬ 
torney on account of services rendered in 
connection with this claim, and the same 
shall be unlawful, any contract to the con¬ 
trary notwithstanding. Any person violating 
the provisions of this act shall be deemed 
guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction 
thereof shall be fined in any sum not exceed¬ 
ing $1,000. 

JUAN LLONA 

The bill (S. 192) for the relief of Juan 
Llona was considered, ordered to be en¬ 
grossed for a third reading, read the 
third time, and passed, as follows: 

Be it enacted, etc., That in the administra¬ 
tion of the immigration and naturalization 
laws Juan Llona, of Boise, Idaho, shall be 
held and considered to have lawfully en¬ 
tered the United States for permanent resi¬ 
dence on July 11, 1926, the year of his actual 
entry into the United States, upon payment 
by him of the visa fee of $10 and the head 
tax $8; and the Attorney General is author¬ 
ized and directed to discontinue any depor¬ 
tation proceedings which may have been 
commenced in the case of Juan Llona upon 
the ground of unlawful residence in the 
United States. 

Sec. 2. Upon the enactment of this act, 
the Secretary of State is authorized and di¬ 
rected to instruct the proper quota-control 
officer to deduct one number from the non¬ 
preference category of the first available 
Spanish immigration quota. 

MR. AND MRS. HAROLD T. PROSSER 

The Senate proceeded to consider the 
bill (S. 970) for the relief of Mr. and 
Mrs. Harold T. Prosser, which had been 
reported from the Committee on the 
Judiciary with an amendment, on page 1, 
line 6, after the words “the sum of”, to 
strike out “$5,000” and insert in lieu 
thereof “$595.” 

The amendment was agreed to. 

The bill was ordered to be engrossed 
for a third reading, read the third time, 
and passed, as follows: 

Be it enacted, etc., That the Secretary of 
the Treasury is authorized and directed to 
pay, out of any money in the Treasury not 
otherwise appropriated, to Mr. and Mrs. 
Harold T. Prosser, of Charlestown, R. I., the 
sum of $595 in full satisfaction of their claim 
against the United States for compensation 
for damage to their land resulting from a fire 
started by a flare dropped by a United States 











1947 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—HOUSE 


10077 


And the House agree to the same. 

That the Senate recede from its disagree¬ 
ment to the amendment of the House to 
title of the bill and agree to the same. 
Clare E. Hoffman, 

George H. Bender, 

Henry J. Latham, 

James W. Wadsworth, 
Carter Manasco, 

John W. McCormack, 

Chet Holifield, 

Manager\on the Part of the House. 
jan Gurney, 

RETT SALTONSTALL, 

Wa-^Ve Morse, 

Raymond E. Baldwin, 

M. E. nydings, 

Richard^. Russell, 

Harry F. B^rd, 

Managers on the Part\f the Senate. 

Statement 

The managers on the part of the House at 
the conference on the disagreeing votes of the 
two Houses on the amendments of tn^House 
to the bill (S. 758) to promote the national 
security by providing for a National Sectoity 
Organization, which shall be administerecNby 
a Secretary of National Security, and for 
Department of the Army, a Department of 
the Navy, and a Department of the Air Force 
within the National Security Organization, 
and for the coordination of the activities of 
the National Security Organization with 
other departments and agencies of the Gov¬ 
ernment concerned with the national secu¬ 
rity, submit the following statement in ex¬ 
planation of the effect of the action agreed 
upon by the conferees and recommended in 
the accompanying conference report: 

The House amendment to the text of the 
bill strikes out all of the Senate bill after 
the enacting clause. The committee of con¬ 
ference recommend that the Senate recede 
from its disagreement to the amendment of 
the House and agree to the same with an 
amendment which is a substitute for both 
the Senate bill and the House amendment; 
and that the House agree to the same. 

The bill as agreed to in conference is the 
same as the House amendment, except for 
typographical, clerical, and clarifying changes, 
and the following: 

NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL 

Both the Senate bill and the House amend¬ 
ment provided (sec. 101 (a)) that the Na¬ 
tional Security Council be composed of the 
President, the Secretary of State, the Secre¬ 
tary of Defense (in the Senate bill desig¬ 
nated as “Secretary of National Security”), 
the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary o| 
the Navy, the Secretary of the Air Force, at 
•the Chairman of the National Security JSe- 
sources Board. Under the Senate bilk^the 
Council was also to be composed of suchft>ther 
members as the Presiden' may fiffeignate 
from time to time. Under the bill^as agreed 
to in conference (sec. 101 (a)) Ufe Council, 
In addition to the members^ specifically 
named above, is to be composed of such of 
the following-named officers yfs the President 
may designate from time to^time: the Secre¬ 
taries of the executive^departments, the 
Chairman of the Munitfuns Board, and the 
Chairman of the Research and Development 
Board. No such additional member is to be 
designated until tbre advice and consent of 
the Senate has heen given to his appoint¬ 
ment to the office the holding of which au¬ 
thorizes his da/ignation as a member of the 
Council. Thus, for example, the Secretary 
of Commerce now in office could be desig¬ 
nated byjthe President as a member of the 
Council/Taut if in the future a new Secre¬ 
tary of Commerce is appointed the new 
Secretary could not serve as a member of 
the/Council until the advice and consent of 
the Senate has been given to his appoint¬ 
ment to the office of Secretary of Commerce. 


The Senate bill (sec. 101 (c)) provided that 
the Secretary of Defense be director of the 
staff of the Council. The House amendment 
(sec. 101 (c)) provided that the Council 
have a staff headed by a civilian executive 
secretary to receive compensation at the 
rate of $14,000 a year. The bill as agreed 
to in conference (sec. 101 (c)) is the same 
as the House amendment except the com¬ 
pensation of the executive secretary is fixed 
at the rate of $10,000 a year. 

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 

The Senate bill provided that the Direc¬ 
tor of Central Intelligence be appointed 
ffom the armed services or from civilian life. 
The House amendment provided that the 
Director of Central Intelligence be appointed 
from civilian life. The bill as agreed to in 
conference (sec. 102) provides that the Di¬ 
rector shall be appointed from among the 
commissioned officers of the armed services 
or from among individuals in civilian life 
and adds a new subsection (b) which pro¬ 
vides that if a commissioned officer of the 
armed services is appointed as Director then 
(1) in the performance of his duties as Di¬ 
rector, he is to be subject to no supervision, 
control, restriction, or prohibition (military 
or otherwise) other than would be operative 
with respect to him if he were a civilian in 


shall be made available to the Director of 
Central Intelligence for correlation, evalua^ 
tion, and dissemination: provided, however, 
that upon the written request of the Direc¬ 
tor of Central Intelligence, the Direqiffer of 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation? shall 
make available to the Director of Cqritral In¬ 
telligence such information for. correlation, 
evaluation, and dissemination ae’may be es¬ 
sential to the national security/ 

PERSONNEL OF NATIONAL SECJ^RITY RESOURCES 
BOARD /. 

Both the Senate bill (Ses6. 103 (b)) and the 
House amendment (Sec.-106 (b)) authorized 
the chairman of the National Security Re¬ 
sources Board to appoint and fix the compen¬ 
sation of such personnel as may be necessary 
to assist the Board in carrying out its func¬ 
tions. The Senate bill provided that such 
authority be sjabject to the civil-service laws 
and the Classification Act of 1923, as amend¬ 
ed. The H6use amendment provided that 
such autlaority be without regard to the civ- 
il-servijd laws and the Classification Act of 
1923, as amended. The bill as agreed to in 
conference (Sec. 103 (b)) follows the lan¬ 
guage of the Senate bill. 

■f SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 

/J Both the Senate bill (sec. 202 (a)) and 


Wll/H i copcoii tv 111111 11 Aid W Cl C CL Li V 11 lull III * V * “ v/ " \ ** / / 

no way connected with the Department ofjf House amendment (sec. 102 (a)) provided 
e Army, the Department of the Navy, thd' that the new Secretary be appointed from 

artment of the Air Force, or the arnjftl civilian life by the President, by and with 


series or any component thereof; ancte^2) 
he iwmot to possess or exercise any auper- 
vision^control, powers, or functiongpq other 
than scfeh as he possesses, or is authorized 
or directed to exercise, as Director) with 
respect to \he armed services gr any com¬ 
ponent thereof, the DepartmenJ^of the Army, 
the Department of the Nagf, or the De¬ 
partment of thK Air Force/ur any branch, 
bureau, unit or ^division^hereof , or with 
respect to any ofSthe personnel (military 
or civilian) of any 'tef; the foregoing. Ex¬ 
cept as noted in the Receding sentence the 
appointment to thsfomfee of Director of a 
commissioned offiq#r of the armed services 
and his acceptance of anSvservice in such 
office is in no vf&y to affect arte status, office, 
rank, or gracjp he may occupy or hold in 
the armed services or any emorament, per¬ 
quisite, ri^lit, privilege, or benefit incident 
to or arising out of any such starts, office, 
rank, or‘grade. Also any such comrrnteioned 
offlcer/while serving in the office of Bhrec- 
tor, is to receive the military pay and a^Rw- 
anfe (active or retired, as the case may 
yable to a commissioned officer of h ! 
rade and length of service and is to be paid,' 
r from any funds available to defray the ex¬ 
penses of the Central Intelligence Agency, 
annual compensation at a rate equal to the 
amount by which $14,000 exceeds the amount 
of his annual military pay and allowances. 

The House amendment (sec. 105 (d)) pro¬ 
vided that to the extent recommended by 
the National Security Council and approved 
by the President, such intelligence opera¬ 
tions of the departments of government as 
relate to the national security shall be open 
to the inspection of the Director of Central 
Intelligence, and such intelligence as relates 
to national security and is possessed by such 
departments and other agencies of the Gov¬ 
ernment shall be made available to the Di¬ 
rector of Central Intelligence for Correlation, 
evaluation, and dissemination. Section 102 
(d) of the bill as agreed to in conference pro¬ 
vides that to the extent recommended by the 
National Security Council and approved by 
the President, such intelligence of the de¬ 
partments and agencies of the Government, 
except as hereinafter provided, relating to 
the national security, shall be open to the 
inspection of the Director of Central Intel¬ 
ligence, and such intelligence as relates to 
the national security and is possessed by such 
departments and other agencies of the Gov¬ 
ernment, except as hereinafter provided, 


the advice and consent of the Senate. The 
House amendment contained a proviso (not 
contained in the Senate bill) providing that 
a person who has held a commission in a 
Regular component of the armed services 
shall not be eligible for appointment as 
Secretary of Defense. The bill as agreed 
to in conference (sec. 202 (a)) contains a 
provision that a person who has within teh 
years been on active duty as a commissioned 
officer in a Regular component of the armed 
services shall not be eligible for appointment 
as Secretary of Defense. 

The Senate bill (sec. 202 (a) (2)) imposed 
upon the Secretary of Defense the duty to 
exercise general direction, authority, and 
control over certain departments and agen¬ 
cies. The House amendment (sec. 102 (a) 
(2)) added the word “general” before the 
word “authority” and before the word “con¬ 
trol.” The words added by the House amend¬ 
ment have been deleted in the bill as agreed 
to in conference (sec. 202 (a) (2)) as sur¬ 
plusage. 

The Senate bill (sec. 202 (a) (3)) imposed 
upon the Secretary of Defense the duty to 
formulate and determine the budget esti- 
ates for submittal to the Bureau of the 
dget. The House amendment contained 
nd^such provision. The bill as agreed to 
in inference (sec. 202 (a^(4)) contains this 
provi^pn from the Senate bill. 

ON AND DUTIES OF THE NAVY AND OF 
NAVAL AVIATION 

The Hou^Wamendment (sec. 203 (b)) con¬ 
tained language relating specifically to the 
composition anS duties of the United States 
Navy and of -Natal Aviation. The Senate 
bill (sec. 206 (b) Byprovided that the provi¬ 
sions of this act Shall not authorize the 
alteration or diminution of the existing rel¬ 
ative status of Naval Aviation. The first and 
last paragraphs of sectionJ!06 (b) of the bill 
as agreed to in conferenc%are the same as 
the first and last paragraphs of section 203 
(b) of the House amendment The second, 
third, and fourth paragraphs at section 203 
(b) of the House amendment are omitted 
and the following is inserted in liek thereof: 

“All naval aviation shall be integrated with 
the naval service as part thereof witrkn the 
Department of the Navy. Naval avrtaion 
shall consist of combat and service apd 
training forces, and'shall include land-based 
naval aviation, air transport essential for 
naval operations, all air weapons and air ■ 


No. 143-3 


10078 


CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—HOUSE 


July 24 


echniques involved in the operations and 
ttivities of the United States Navy, and the 
entire remainder of the aeronautical organi- j 
zakion of the United States Navy, together / 
wi\h the personnel necessary therefor. 

The Navy shall be generally responsibly 
for haval reconnaissance, antisubmarine way 
fare! and protection of shipping.” 

COMf^pSITION AND DUTIES OF THE MARINE COrfPS 

The House amendment (sec. 203) con¬ 
tained the following provision: 

“(c)l) The United States Marine Cirps, 
within) the Department of the Navy, ihall 
include), land combat and service forced and 
such aviation as may be organic therein. 
The primary mission of the Marine yCorps 
shall be’' to provide fleet marine forces of 
combined arms, together with supporting 
air components, for service with the/fleet in 
the seizure or defense of advance/l naval 
bases and ipr the conduct of such laftid oper¬ 
ations as n*,y be essential to the prosecution 
of a naval campaign. It shall be the duty of 
the Marine Corps to develop, in coordination 
with the A&ny and the Air Farce, those 
phases of amphibious operations avhich per¬ 
tain to the tectics, technique, and equip¬ 
ment employee by landing fore®;. In addi¬ 
tion to its primary mission, the Marine Corps 
shall provide detachments and Organizations 
for service on fermed vessels fcf the Navy, 
shall provide sAurity detachments for the 
protection of naval property aw naval stations 
and bases, and Tshall perform such other 
duties* as the President mffy direct: Pro¬ 
vided, That such additional Jiuties shall not 
detract from or interfere wfth the perform¬ 
ance of the primary mission hereinbefore 
set forth. The Mm-ine CSrps shall be re¬ 
sponsible, in accordance wi|h integrated joint 
mobilization plans, wf or 
peacetime components o; 
to meet the needs of 

The Senate bill (: 
that the provisions of 
thorize the alteration 
existing relative stati 


he expansion of 
the Marine Corps 


(including the Fleet i 
bill as agreed to in 
same language (sec. 
House amendment ei 


206 (b)) provided 
is act shall not au- 
|r diminution of the 
f the Marine Corps 
.rine Forces). The 
rence contains the 
6 %c) ) as that in the 
epilthat (1) the words 
‘‘The primary mission ofVthe Marine Corps 
shall be” at the Ijjeginniag of the second 
to wad ‘‘The Marine 
irganizel. trained, and 
e words ^‘to its primary 
inning oilthe fourth sen- 
and (3) me words “per- 
primary mission hereinbe- 
the provisoSpt the end of 
flee are omittld and in lieu 
s. “operations npr which the 
'primarily oi^anized” are 


sentence are char 
Corps shall be 
equipped”; (2) 
mission” at the bfi 
tence are omittefl 
formance of the 
fore set forth” 
the fourth sent 
thereof the wo? 
Marine Corps^j 
inserted. 


COMPENSATION OP SECRETARIES 


depart? 


provided 
le Secre- 
of the 
gmpensa- 
efense. 


rence 

Sec¬ 

tion 

tive 


The- Sena tjf bill (sec. 302 (b) 1 
that the Secretary of the Army, 
tary of the«Javy, and the Secret! 

Air Force scall each receive the 
tion prescribed for the Secretary o: 

The House? amendment (Sec. 301 (fi)) pro¬ 
vided thajs these three Secretaries sbjill each 
receive compensation at the rate of14,500 
a year, She bill as agreed to in coi 
(Sec. 30Ef(b)) provides that these thr! 
retaries-^shall each receive the compe 
prescribed by law for heads of exe 
|ents. 

Clare E. Hoffman, 

George H. Bender, 

Henry J. Latham, 

James W. Wadsworth, 
Carter Manasco, 

John W. McCormack, 

Chet HoLifield, l 

I Managers on the Part of the House. 

CAMP STEWART, GA. 

Ir. HOFFMAN. Mr. Speaker, I ask 
unanimous consent that the Committee 


mi Expenditures in the Executive De-g 
pkitoients be discharged from furt}; 
consideration of the bill (H. R. 1 Rpf) to 
authorise and direct the Secretary of 
War and Hae War Assets Administrator 
to take sucnfcKdion as mayme necessary 
to return certaihsreal property at Camp 
Stewart, Ga„ toyM former owners 
thereof, and for o j J#er'pm:poses, and that 
the same be repeferred tdsthe Committee 
on Armed Suffices, the chahsqjan having 
consented 

Thetelf’EAKER. Is there objection to 
the request of the gentleman from ! 
igan [Mr. Hoffman 1 ? 

* TLere.iKaR.nn flbifictiflfl.——— 

AMENDING PUBLIC LAW 88, SEVENTY- 
NINTH CONGRESS 

Mr. WOLCOTT. Mr. Speaker, I ask 
unanimous consent to take from the 
Speaker’s table the bill (H. R. 3738) en¬ 
titled “An act to amend Public Law 88, 
Seventy-ninth Congress, approved June 
23, 1945,” with a Senate amendment, 
and concur in the Senate amendment. 

The Clerk read the title of the bill. 

The Clerk read the Senate amendment, 
as follows; 

Page 2, line 15, after “corporation”, insert 

Provided, That claims hereunder must be 
filed within 6 months after the enactment 
of this act.” 

The SPEAKER. Is there objection to 
the request of the gentleman from Michi¬ 
gan [Mr. Wolcott] ? 

There was no objection. 

; The Senate amendment was agreed to. 

A motion to reconsider was laid on 
the table. 

-- E X TE Nb5 f m"OF~ro m RK5' 

- Mrs. ROGERS of Massachusetts aske 
and was given- permission to extend 
remarks in the Record and inclu 
repdfct. 

TO ADDEND SECTION 5 OF HOME OV^JERS 
\ LOAN ACT OF 1933 

Mr. Wolcott. Mr. Speakaf, I ask 
unanimous consent to take from the 
Speaker’s table the bill (H. Ry2800) en¬ 
titled “An’-act to amend station 5 of 
Home OwneW Loan Act of #933, and for 
other purposes,” with a S«iate amend 
ment, and concur in the §fenate amend¬ 
ment. 

The Clerk rea&the tufle of the bill. 

The Clerk read f$ie Senate amendment, 
as follows: 

Page 1, line 11, after “amended”, insert 
‘‘(except business loawk provided by section 
503 thereof and not ycu^d by a lien on real 
estate). 

The SPEAKER Is tnfere objection to 
the request of the gentleman from Michi¬ 
gan [Mr. Wol®tt]? 

There was fo objection. 

- The Senate amendment 

A motiotT to reconsider 

the table 

FEDERAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTIONS 
ACT \ 

Mr. REED of New York, from the’Com- 
mitte/ on Ways and Means, submitted 


CONFERENCE REPORT 

The committee of conference on the dis¬ 
agreeing votes of the two Houses on the 
lendments of the Senate to the bill (H. R.J 
3&18) to amend the Federal Insurance Con¬ 
tributions Act with respect to rates of ta?) 
onl employers and employees, and for othe 
puwioses, having met, after full and free con¬ 
ference, have agreed to recommend and fio 
recommend to their respective Houses /as 
follows: 

That the House recede from its disagree¬ 
ment! to the amendments of the Se/iate 
nttmb«ed 2, 3, 4, and 5, and agree t</ the 
same. 

Amendment numbered 1: 

' That %he House recede from its disagree¬ 
ment to \he amendment of the Sena* num¬ 
bered 1, *iand agree to the same with an 
amendment as follows: Restore thl matter 
proposed tp be stricken out by tlJe Senate 
amendment, and omit the matter/proposed 
to be inserted by the Senate amendment, 
and on pagi 2 of the House eng/ossed bill, 
line 1 and lfpe 13 strike out “to/l956, both 
inclusive”, aad Insert “and 1951”; and on 
page 2, lines \ and 16 strike ouf “1956” and 
and the Senate 


insert 

same. 



agreed to. 
laid on 


T951”; * 


ree to the 


Daniel A. 

Robert W. ^Cean, 

Noah 

John D. Bingell, 
i Wilbur Df Mills, 

Managers o\ the Partiof the House. 

D. M Alikin, 

Robert waft,. 

Palter #F. George, 

Managers on me Paft of the Senate. 

STAT 

The managers on the #art of the House at 
the conference on thdfiisagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on th« amendments of the 
Senate to the bill (H. rf. 3818) to amend the 
Federal Insurance Contributions Act with re¬ 
spect to rates of tax fn “employers and em¬ 
ployees, and for othe# purposes, submi J the 
following statement fin explanation of the 
effect of the action ®reed:jupon by the con¬ 
ferees and recommended ta the accompa¬ 
nying conference rpiort: 

Amendment No.fl: The ^ouse bill fixed 
rates of tax on employers ai^d employees as 
follows: 1939-49, ijfpercent; 1850-66, 1(4 per¬ 
cent; after 19561 2 percent^ The Senate 
amendment mates the rates \ for all years 
after 1949, 3 ppcent. The House recedes 
with an amendment which prowdes that the 
rates of tax shaUf be as follows: l§p9-49,1 per¬ 
cent; 1950 anda951, 1(4 percent! after 1951, 
2 percent. J \ 

Amendment Nos. 2 and 3: The'House bill 
provided for ^continuance on a permanent 
basis of amendments to the Social, Security 
Act establishing within the unemployment 
trust fund m separate account to bib known 
as the Federal unemployment account, and 
authorized#?appropriations to such iund in 
amounts qqual to the excess of tax'collec¬ 
tions undfer the Federal Unemployment Tax 
Act over fthe unemployment administrative 
expenditures. The Senate amendment'‘.lim¬ 
its the’ authorized appropriations tog the 
excess at tax collections for the period find¬ 
ing December 31, 1949, and provides that iny 
amouqjps in such account on April 1, 1950, 
and ally amounts repaid to such account 
after (Kich date shall be covered into the gen¬ 
eral fund of the Treasury. The House 
recedes. 

Amendment No. 4: The Senate amendment 
provides that there shall be deducted from 


the ^following conference report and pro* lues Liiat LJLiere siio.ii ue ucuuucu uurna 

stayment on the bill (H. R. 3818) to the total amount of taxes collected prior to 

amend the Federal Insurance Contribu- July l, 1943, the sum of $18,451,846 authorized ■, 

tions Act with respect to rates of tax on' to be appropriated by section 11 (b) of the . 

employers and employees, and for other Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act. The 

purposes: ' House recedes. 















[Public Law 374— 80th Congress] 

[Chapter 505 — 1st Session] 

[H. R. 3738] 

AN ACT 

To amend Public Law 88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved June 23, 1945. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and Rouse of Repi'esentatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled , That Public Law 
88, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved June 23, 1945, is amended by 
adding a new section to read as follows: 

“Sec. 3. Any person who, after the issuance of amendment num¬ 
bered 1 ( ’ated July 5, 1945) or amendment numbered 2 (dated July 
11,1945) to Directive Numbered 56 of the Director of Economic Sta¬ 
bilization, and pursuant to the authority thereof, became qualified and 
eligible, or was declared or determined by such Director to have the 
necessary qualifications for eligibility, to receive extra compensation 
payments as a nonprocessing slaughterer (such person previously 
having been held not qualified to receive extra compensation payments 
as a nonprocessing slaughterer), shall be entitled to receive such extra 
compensation payments for such period of time prior to July 23, 1945, 
as such person would have been entitled to receive if such Directive 
Numbered 56, and amendments numbered 1 and 2 thereto, and any 
such determination by such Director, had become effective November 
1, 1943. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation is authorized and 
directed to make the extra compensation payments which any person 
is entitled to receive pursuant to this section. As used in this 
section the term ‘person’ includes an individual, firm, partnership, or 
corporation: Provided , That claims hereunder must be filed within 
six months after the enactment of this Act.” . 

Approved August 6, 1947. 











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