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BRITISH 
COLUMBIA 

FROM  THE   EARLIEST  TIMES 
TO  THE   PRESENT 


BIOGRAPHICAL 


VOLUME  IV 


THE  S.  J.  CLARKE  PUBLISHING  COMPANY 

VANCOUVER      PORTLAND      SAN  FRANCISCO      CHICAGO 
1914 


SIR  RICHARD  McBRIDE 


BIOGRAPHICAL 


SIR  RICHARD  McBRIDE,  K.  C.  M.  G. 

A  remarkable  career  is  that  of  Sir  Richard  McBride,  who  at  the  age  of 
thirty-three  years,  when  most  young  men  are  taking  the  initial  steps  that  lead 
to  prominence,  became  premier  of  British  Columbia  and  has  ever  since  filled 
this  office.  There  is  probably  no  public  man  within  the  confines  of  the  province 
who  is  better  known  than  Sir  Richard  and  there  is  certainly  no  one  whose  record 
has  won  greater  admiration  and  the  absolute  indorsement  in  larger  measure  of 
the  major  portion  of  the  population  of  the  province. 

Sir  Richard  McBride  comes  of  a  well  known  British  Columbia  family,  his 
father  being  Arthur  H.  McBride,  who  held  a  distinguished  place  among  the  earlier 
pioneers  of  British  Columbia.  He  was  a  son  of  the  late  Thomas  McBride,  of 
County  Down,  Ireland,  where  his  birth  occurred  June  26,  1835,  in  the  city  of 
Down,  where  he  later  completed  his  education.  In  1854,  when  nineteen  years 
of  age,  he  joined  the  Royal  South  Down  Militia,  in  which  he  won  the  rank  of 
color  sergeant  and  pay  sergeant.  He  proved  an  excellent  soldier,  being  imbued 
with  the  highest  military  sense  of  honor,  and  for  five  years  he  remained  with 
his  regiment.  He  then  decided  to  go  to  British  Columbia  because  of  the  stories 
which  had  reached  him  concerning  the  gold  discoveries  in  the  Fraser  river  dis- 
trict. Visiting  eastern  Canada,  he  made  his  way  thence  to  California,  where  he 
remained  for  two  and  a  half  years,'  arriving  in  British  Columbia  in  the  spring 
of  1863.  Going  direct  to  the  Cariboo  district,  he  there  engaged  in  mining  through 
the  summer  on  Williams  and  Lightning  creeks  and  at  the  latter  location  acquired, 
in  partnership  with  others,  a  large  claim  but  owing  to  the  difficulty  of  working 
it,  they  had  to  abandon  the  enterprise,  although  the  indications  of  high-grade  ore 
were  excellent.  At  the  close  of  the  mining  season  Mr.  McBride  returned  to 
Victoria,  having  enjoyed  but  indifferent  success  in  his  mining  venture.  He  then 
accepted  a  position  as  sergeant  on  the  police  force  and,  advancing  quickly  in 
the  service,  soon  became  head  of  the  department.  Upon  the  demise  of  Captain 
Pritchard,  in  1870,  Mr.  McBride  was  appointed  to  fill  the  vacancy  and  remained 
in  that  position  until  1878,  when  he  was  appointed  to  the  office  of  warden  of 
the  provincial  penitentiary  at  New  Westminster,  which  had  just  been  completed. 
At  the  same  time  he  received  a  commission  as  justice  of  the  peace  under  the 
jurisdiction  of  the  sheriff  of  New  Westminster. 

On  the  8th  of  November,  1865.  Mr.  McBride  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Mary  D'Arcy,  a  native  of  Limerick,  Ireland,  who  belongs  to  the  Roman  Catholic 
church,  while  he  was  a  member  of  the  Church  of  England.  Mr.  McBride  was 
always  an  ardent  disciplinarian,  and  great  credit  is  due  him  for  founding  the 
militia  regiments  of  both  Victoria  and  New  Westminster,  giving  his  services 
gratuitously  for  a  number  of  years  as  drill  instructor  to  these  regiments  and 
bringing  both  to  a  high  state  of  efficiency.  Fraternally  Mr.  McBride  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Masons  and  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen.  His  long  and 
honorable  public  career  brought  him  great  credit,  and  the  high  sound  which  the 
family  name  enjoys  in  British  Columbia  is  but  a  recognition  of  his  valiant 
efforts  on  behalf  of  the  general  public  and  is  now  worthily  carried  on  by  his 
distinguished  son,  Sir  Richard. 

5 


6  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

It  was  in  the  family  home,  then  being  maintained  at  New  Westminster,  Brit- 
ish Columbia,  that  Sir  Richard  McBride  was  born  December  15,  1870.  He 
attended  grammar  and  high  schools  in  his  native  city  until  he  reached  the  age  of  • 
sixteen  years,  when  he  entered  Dalhousie  University  at  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia, 
being  graduated  from  that  institution  with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  1890,  when 
but  twenty  years  of  age.  Returning  to  British  Columbia,  he  then  read  law  under 
T.  C.  Atkinson,  while  subsequently  his  preceptor  was  the  Hon.  Angus  J.  McColl, 
the  late  chief  justice  of  British  Columbia.  In  July,  1892,  Sir  Richard  was  called 
to  the  bar  and  began  practice  as  junior  member  of  the  firm  of  Corbould,  McColl, 
Wilson  &  Campbell  at  New  Westminster.  This  relationship  continued  until 
1893,  after  which  Sir  Richard  practiced  alone  until  1895-  He  then  formed  a 
partnership  with  W.  J.  Whiteside,  which,  however,  was  dissolved  the  next  year 
when  he  became  connected  with  H.  F.  Clinton,  who  has  since  passed  away. 
After  the  death  of  Mr.  Clinton,  Sir  Richard  formed  the  firm  of  McBride  & 
Kennedy.  He  was  named  a  king's  counsel  in  1905.  The  ability  which  he  dis- 
played won  him  distinguished  honors  along  professional  lines  and  further  indic- 
ated his  fitness  for  political  preferment.  Questions  of  vital  importance  regard- 
ing municipal,  provincial  and  national  affairs  have  always  had  the  deepest  interest 
for  him  and  of  such  he  has  been  a  close  and  discriminating  student. 

In  1896  Sir  Richard  entered  the  political  arena,  unsuccessfully  contesting 
New  Westminster  in  the  Dominion  general  election.  In  1898  he  was  returned 
as  a  member  of  the  British  Columbia  legislature  for  Dewdney  Riding,  at  the 
general  election,  as  a  supporter  of  the  Turner  government.  On  June  21,  1900, 
he  was  called  to  the  executive  department  of  the  provincial  government,  enter- 
ing the  cabinet  as  minister  of  mines,  but  owning  to  a  difference  on  a  matter  of 
policy,  he  resigned  from  the  government  the  following  year.  Going  again  before 
the  people,  he  was  reelected  by  acclamation  and  in  1902  chosen  leader  of  the 
opposition  in  the  legislature,  becoming  premier  of  British  Columbia  on  June  i, 
1903,  having  since  been  returned  to  power  at  the  general  elections  of  1907, 
1909  and  1912  and  holding  this  office  at  present.  He  sits  as  senior  member  for 
the  city  of  Victoria  and  besides  being  premier  still  holds  the  portfolio  of  minister 
of  mines.  It  was  he  who  won  for  the  conservative  party  such  a  glorious  victory 
in  this  province.  He  introduced  party  lines  in  provincial  politics  when  he  became 
premier  in  1903  and  in  that  way  became  the  head  of  the  first  liberal-conservative 
government  of  the  province. 

In  September,  1896,  Sir  Richard  married  Miss  Margaret  McGillivray  and 
to  them  have  been  born  six  daughters. 

One  of  the  foremost  statesmen  of  the  Canadian  west,  Sir  Richard  was  in 
attendance  at  the  coronation  of  Their  Majesties,  King  George  and  Queen  Mary. 
In  1912  merited  distinction  came  to  him  when,  as  one  of  the  birthday  honors,  he 
was  created  a  Knight  of  the  Cross  of  St.  Michael  and  St.  George-  He  was  invested 
with  the  insignia  of  this  distinguished  order  by  His  Royal  Highness  the  Duke 
of  Connaught,  the  governor-general,  at  Victoria,  in  October,  1912.  Another 
distinguished  honor  was  conferred  upon  Sir  Richard  McBride  on  March  22, 
1913,  when  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  was  conferred  upon  him  by  the  University  of 
California. 


WILLIAM  MASSEY  SILCOCK. 


William  Massey  Silcock  is  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Bungalow  Finance 
&  Building  Company,  Ltd.,  in  which  connection  he  has  taken  active  part  in  the  sub- 
stantial improvement  and  adornment  of  Vancouver.  He  was  born  in  Warrineton 
Lancashire  England  February  23,  1877,  a  son  of  William  and  Annie  Rovai 
(Nightingale)  Silcock,  representatives  of  old  Lancanshire  families,  originally 
from  West  Houghton,  near  Wigan,  England. 


W.  MASSEY  SILCOCK 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  9 

In  private  schools  of  Cheshire,  England,  William  M.  Silcock  pursued  his  edu- 
cation and  afterward  was  employed  in  Parr's  Bank  of  Liverpool  and  London,  re- 
maining in  that  institution  in  different  capacities  for  fourteen  years.  In  1907  he 
came  to  Canada  and  for  two  years  occupied  various  positions.  In  1909, 
however,  he  came  to  Vancouver  and  in  1911  entered  into  employment  with  F.  W. 
Killam  in  bungalow  construction,  the  business  having  formerly  been  conducted 
under  the  name  of  the  Bungalow  Construction  Association  with  Mr.  Killam  as 
proprietor.  In  May,  1912,  it  was  incorporated  and  Mr.  Silcock  was  elected  secre- 
tary and  treasurer  and  also  one  of  the  directors.  The  bungalow  is  preeminently 
a  feature  of  western  home  building.  It  is  splendidly  adapted  to  this  section  of  the 
country,  where  the  warm  Pacific  current  so  tempers  the  climate,  that  vegetation 
grows  in  luxuriance,  for  the  bungalow  is  peculiarly  adapted  to  the  adornment 
furnished  by  landscape  gardening.  It  seems  in  such  conditions  a  very  part  of  the 
scene  and  in  the  house  construction  there  is  to  be  found  every  feature  of  light, 
air,  sanitation,  utility,  comfort  and  beauty.  The  company  of  which  Mr.  Silcock 
is  now  secretary  and  treasurer  has  erected  some  of  the  most  attractive  bungalows 
'  in  the  city,  embodying  the  most  modern  styles  of  bungalow  architecture,  many 
of  their  buildings  showing  marked  originality  as  well  as  beauty  of  design. 

In  addition  to  his  partnership  in  the  Bungalow  Finance  &  Building  Company, 
Ltd.,  Mr.  Silcock  is  also  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Lumberman's  Trust  Com- 
pany, Ltd.,  of  Vancouver,  and  is  secretary  of  the  Canadian  Automatic  Fender 
Company,  Ltd.,  of  this  city. 

Mr.  Silcock  is  a  conservative  in  politics,  a  member  of  Christ  church  and 
belongs  to  the  Burrard  Cricket  Club — associations  which  indicate  much  of  the 
nature  of  his  principles,  the  rules  which  govern  his  conduct  and  the  nature  of  his 
recreation.  Advancement  and  success  have  come  to  him  as  the  merited  reward 
and  logical  result  of  capability,  close  application,  determination  and  commend- 
able ambition. 


JOHN  EDWARD  HAWKSHAW. 

John  Edward  Hawkshaw,  the  well  known  manager  of  the  local  branch  of  the 
Northern  Crown  Bank,  has  made  banking  his  profession  from  his  earliest  youth 
and  has  come  to  be  known  as  an  upholder  of  conservative  business  principles, 
tempered  with  a  nicely  balanced  progressiveness. 

Mr.  Hawkshaw  was  born  in  London,  Ontario,  on  the  9th  of  October,  1880, 
and  is  the  second  eldest  son  of  William  Sterne  and  Eliza  Murton  (Shore) 
Hawkshaw,  the  former  a  native  of  Dublin,  Ireland,  and  the  latter  of  London, 
Ontario,  her  father  now  deceased,  being  Captain  Thomas  Shore,  formerly  of 
Bath,  England. 

On  the  paternal  side  Mr.  Hawkshaw  comes  of  a  Danish-Anglo  family  for 
generations  resident  in  Ireland,  his  grandfather,  the  late  Hugh  Hawkshaw 
having  been  a  naval  officer  and  afterward  commander  of  the  Royal  Irish  Con- 
stabulary. He  gave  to  Britain's  service  on  the  high  seas,  two  sons,  his  elder  son 
the  late  Richard  Parry  Hawkshaw,  R.  N.,  being  for  years  paymaster  of  the 
fleet  on  the  China  station:  and  the  younger  son  Hugh  Benjamin,  who  retired 
with  the  rank  of  commander,  now  resides  at  Vevey,  Switzerland.  The  second 
son,  father  of  the  subject  of  this  narrative,  after  receiving  his  training  on  the 
good  ship  Conway,  entered  the  merchant  service,  resigning  as  first  officer  in 
his  early  youth,  when  he  came  to  Canada  and  took  up  the  pursuit  of  agriculture 
at  Glanworth,  county  of  Middlesex,  Ontario,  where  he  resided  with  his  family 
for  thirty  years  and  during  which  time  he  .made  twenty-seven  voyages  across 
the  Atlantic,  importing  thoroughbred  Shropshire  sheep. 

In  1904  the  father  removed  with  his  family  to  British  Columbia,  locating  at 
Chilliwack,  where  he  now  resides,  having  given  his  time  and  attention  to  agri- 
cultural pursuits  with  such"  results  as  evidenced  by  the  fact  that  m  January, 


10  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

1913,  he  received  the  provincial  government  cup  awarded  to  the  owner  of  the 
best  eighty-acre  farm  in  British  Columbia. 

John  Edward  Hawkshaw  acquired  his  education  in  Huron  College  school, 
London,  Ontario,  which  at  that  time  was  under  the  management  of  his  cousin, 
Rev.  Herbert  G.  Miller,  M.  A.,  late  principal  of  the  Huron  Divinity  College, 
now  known  as  the  Western  University,  and  at  the  Collegiate  Institute,  London, 
Ontario.  He  completed  his  third  year  at  the  collegiate  on  the  3ist  of  March, 
1899,  and  on  the  nth  of  April,  1899,  entered  the  Canadian  Bank  of  Commerce  in 
Dunnville,  Ontario,  that  province,  thus  beginning  a  career  in  banking  which  has 
brought  him  continuous  advancement  and  distinction.  While  in  the  employ  of 
the  first  institution,  which  he  served  for  seven  years,  he  was  connected  with 
eleven  different  branches  in  Ontario,  Yukon,  Alaska  and  British  Columbia.  He 
came  to  this  province  in  January,  I9or,  and  five  years  later  resigned  to  accept 
a  position  in  the  Northern  Crown  Rank,  Vancouver,  and  in  1909  was  placed 
in  charge  of  the  New  Wesminster  branch,  one  of  the  leading  financial  insti- 
tutions in  the  city.  Its  affairs  have  since  claimed  practically  all  of  his  attention 
and  he  is  conducting  here  a  safe  and  reliable  bank,  carrying  on  a  general  banking 
business  along  progressive  lines  tempered  with  a  conservatism  which  thoroughly 
safeguards  the  interests  of  the  depositors  and  which  has  brought  the  institution 
a  reputation  for  reliability  and  trustworthiness. 

In  1909  Mr.  Hawkshaw  married  Miss  Mabel  Edith  Honor  McClean,  of 
Wexford,  Ireland,  who  came  to  British  Columbia,  with  her  parents  in  1903. 
Her  father,  Washington  G.  McClean,  now  deceased,  was  for  many  years  sub- 
manager  of  the  Provincial  Bank  of  Ireland  in  Wexford,  and  was  well  known 
throughout  that  part  of  Ireland.  Mr.  Hawkshaw  is  a  member  of  the  Church 
of  England,  and  is  a  devotee  of  all  kinds  of  outdoor  sports,  taking  a  keen  interest 
in  the  Royal  City  Lacrosse  team,  known  as  the  Salmonbellies,  of  whom  he  is 
always  an  ardent  rooter.  During  the  winter  months  he  is  a  regular  attendant 
at  the  skating  rink  in  New  Westminster,  which  is  one  of  the  finest  in  British 
Columbia.  While  in  the  Yukon  he  gave  a  great  many  leisure  hours  to  this  sport 
as  well  as  to  curling. 

For  three  years  Mr.  Hawkshaw  was  a  member  of  the  Fifth  Regiment, 
Canadian  Militia,  of  Victoria,  British  Columbia,  having  joined  that  organization 
shortly  after  his  arrival  from  eastern  Canada  in  the  year  1901.  He  is  well  known 
in  Vancouver,  being  a  member  of  various  clubs  as  well  as  the  Westminster 
Club,  and  holds  membership  also  on  the  Board  of  Trade  and  in  the  Progressive 
Association  in  New  Westminster.  These  connections  indicate  something  of 
the  scope  and  variety  of  his  interests  though  they  do  not  show  the  full  extent 
of  his  work  for  his  earnest  desire  since  his  residence  here  has  been  to  assist 
in  promoting  the  interests  of  the  Royal  City,  as  he  considers  her  worthy  of 
the  best  work  of  her  friends,  lie  is  ready  at  all  times  to  cooperate  in  move- 
ments to  advance  the  city's  welfare  and  to  promote  its  growth,  his  faith  in 
which  has  been  evidenced  by  himself  investing  in  a  home,  which  is  centrally 
located  on  Pine  and  Third  avenues. 


LEWIS  FRANCIS  BONSON. 

Lewis  Francis  Bonson  has  many  claims  to  honor  and  distinction,  for  he  is  a 
veteran  of  the  Crimean  war,  was  for  many  years  an  able  member  of  the  English 
Corps  of  Royal  Engineers  and  came  as  a  pioneer  to  British  Columbia.  The  re- 
tirement which  he  is  now  enjoying  in  his  home  in  New  Westminster  is  well  de- 
served, for  it  rewards  many  years  of  honorable  and  faithful  labor.  He  has 
reached  the  advanced  age  of  eighty-two  and  his  life  has  been  upright  and  honora- 
ble in  all  its  relations,  serving  as  a  source  of  courage  and  inspiration  to  all  for- 
tunate enough  to  come  within  the  close  circle  of  his  friendship.  He  was  born 
in  Peeblesshire,  Scotland,  on  the  Tweed  river,  May  10,  1831,  and  is  a  son  of 


LEWIS  F.  BONSON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  13 

Henry  and  Marion  Bonson,  both  of  whom  were  representatives  of  old  Scotch 
families,  the  father  having  been  for  many  years  in  the  employ  of  Sir  Thomas 
Gibson  Carmichael,  owner  of  Castle  Craig. 

Lewis  F.  Bonson  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Kirkurd  and 
at  the  age  of  fifteen  entered  upon  a  period  of  apprenticeship  to  the  joiner's  and 
wheelwright's  trade.  Having  completed  it,  he  went  in  1849  to  Edinburgh,  where 
he  worked  as  a  joiner  until  1851,  when  he  went  to  London,  remaining  in  that  city 
for  three  years.  In  1854  the  joined  the  Corps  of  Royal  Engineers  at  Woolwich, 
thus  beginning  a  connection  which  brought  him  success  and  distinction  in  later 
years.  After  a  short  time  spent  in  Chatham  he  was  sent  in  1855  to  tne  seat  of 
the  Crimean  war,  serving  until  peace  was  declared  in  1856,  when  he  was  trans- 
ferred to  the  garrison  of  Gibraltar  for  five  months.  At  the  end  of  that  time  he 
returned  to  England  and  two  months  later  was  detailed  for  special  service  in 
Central  America.  Returning  in  1858,  he  spent  three  months  in  England  and  then 
started  for  British  Columbia  by  way  of  the  isthmus  of  Panama  and  up  the  Pacific 
coast.  He  brought  with  him  a  party  for  the  purpose  of  preparing  the  barracks 
and  quarters  for  the  detachment  of  engineers  who  were  following  by  way  of  Cape 
Horn  and  who  arrived  in  1859.  Mr.  Bonson  continued  in  the  engineering  service 
until  1863,  winning  by  his  ability  and  his  comprehensive  kowledge  of  the  profes- 
sion a  position  of  honor  and  distinction  and  recognition  as  a  man  of  superior 
attainments  and  powers.  In  1863  he  received  his  honorable  discharge  from  the 
Royal  Corps  and  retired  to  private  life,  turning  his  attention  to  contracting  and 
building  at  New  Westminster,  a  city  which  numbers  him  among  her  most  honored 
pioneers.  He  took  a  great  interest  in  the  advancement  and  growth  of  the  com- 
munity and  did  able  work  of  reform  and  improvement  during  his  period  of  serv- 
ice as  road  superintendent  for  the  provincial  government,  a  capacity  in  which  he 
acted  from  1876  to  1880.  He  afterward  engaged  for  a  short  time  in  the  liquor 
business  but  disposed  of  this  in  1892  and  purchased  a  farm  of  three  hundred  and 
seventy  acres  at  Keatsey,  nine  miles  from  New  Westminster.  He  continued  to 
improve  and  develop  this  property  along  modern  lines  for  a  number  of  years, 
finally  disposing  of  it  in  1905,  when  he  retired  and  returned  to  New  Westminster, 
where  he  still  makes  his  home. 

On  the  I2th  of  July,  1858,  Mr.  Bonson  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Jemima 
Urquhart,  a  native  of  Cromarty,  Ross-shire,  Scotland,  and  they  became  the  parents 
of  six  children :  Marion  ;  Robert ;  Henry,  who  passed  away  ;  Charles ;  James ;  and 
Nellie. 

Mr.  Bonson  is  a  conservative  in  his  political  beliefs,  and  his  religious  views 
are  in  accord  with  the  doctrines  of  the  Presbyterian  church.  He  is  well  known 
and  widely  beloved  in  this  community,  where  his  venerable  age,  combined  with  his 
many  sterling  qualities  of  mind  and  character,  endear  him  to  all  with  whom  he 
comes  in  contact.  In  his  earlier  years  he  met  the  world  confidently  and  courage- 
ously, making  his  own  way  upward  in  it  along  worthy  pathways,  and  in  his  old 
age  he  reaps  a  just  reward  in  widespread  esteem  and  respect  and  in  the  confidence 
and  good-will  of  many  friends. 


CHARLES  ERNEST  KING. 

The  firm  of  Warden  &  King,  real-estate  brokers,  is  well  known  in  Vancouver, 
conducting  a  successful  business  with  a  large  and  growing  clientele.  Mr.  King 
was  born  in  Wiltshire,  England,  on  the  I5th  of  February,  1876,  a  son  of  George 
Peckham  and  Eliza  (Stillman)  King,  the  former  a  representative  of  a  Hamp- 
shire family,  while  the  mother  was  a  member  of  the  old  Stillman  family  of 
Newbury  and  Berks. 

Charles  E.  King  pursued  his  education  in  public  and  private  schools  of  his 
native  place  to  the  age  of  thirteen  years,  when  in  1889  he  crossed  the  Atlantic 
to  Canada,  making  his  way  to  Ontario,  where  he  spent  three  years.  In  1892 


14  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

he  arrived  in  British  Columbia,  where  he  has  since  remained.  For  a  number 
of  years  he  was  connected  with  the  construction  department  of  the  Canadian 
Pacific  Railway,  remaining  in  that  service  until  1900,  when  he  went  to  boutn 
Africa  for  active  duty  in  the  Boer  war  with  the  Canadian  Mounted  Rifles, 
his  return  to  British  Columbia,  in  1902,  he  again  took  up  construction  work 
for  lar^e  contracting  firms  of  Vancouver  and  remained  in  that  field  of  business 
until  1909,  when  he  turned  his  attention  to  real-estate  dealing,  organizing  the 
Union  Real  Estate  Company,  with  which  he  was  connected  for  two  years. 
Later  he  became  junior  partner  in  the  firm  of  Maxwell  &  King,  and  in  1911 
Mr.  Warden  joined  the  firm  under  the  style  of  Warden,  Maxwell  &  King.  In 
1913  Mr.  Maxwell  withdrew  and  the  present  firm  name  of  Warden  &  King 
was  assumed.  They  largely  handle  city  and  suburban  property  and  also  conduct 
a  loan  and  insurance  business,  representing  a  number  of  the  leading  and  reliable 
insurance  companies. 

On  the  26th  of  April,  1910,  Mr.  King  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Mabel 
Marion  Margctson,  the  eldest  daughter  of  William  and  Mary  Ann  Margetson. 
Miss  Margetson  was  visiting  her  brothers,  prominent  real-estate  men  of  Van- 
couver, when  she  met  Mr.  King,  who  sought  her  hand  in  marriage.  They  are 
members  of  the  Church  of  England,  and  they  have  gained  many  friends  during 
their  residence  in  Vancouver. 

Mr.  King's  military  record  is  a  most  creditable  chapter  in  his  life  history. 
Going  to  South  Africa  at  the  time  of  the  Boer  war,  he  enlisted  as  a  private  and 
his  valorous  and  loyal  service  won  him  the  Queen's  medal  and  four  clasps. 
He  remained  in  Africa  during  the  war,  or  for  about  two  years,  and  was  after- 
ward commissioned  an  officer  in  the  Sixth  Regiment  of  the  Duke  of  Connaught's 
Own  Rilles,  which  office  he  still  fills.  In  politics  he  is  a  conservative  but  never 
an  office  seeker.  The  Masonic  fraternity  numbers  him  among  its  exemplary 
representatives.  He  holds  membership  in  King  Solomon  lodge,  No.  17,  A.  F. 
&  A.  M.  of  New  Westminster,  and  in  Vancouver  Chapter,  No.  30,  R.  A.  M. 
lie  also  belongs  to  the  United  Service  Club  and  the  Progress  Club,  and 
he  is  interested  in  all  that  pertains  to  the  progress  and  welfare  of  the  city  and 
province,  cooperating  in  many  movements  which  have  had  direct  effect  upon 
the  development  and  upbuilding  of  this  section  of  the  country. 


JOHN  BUTLER  TIFFIN. 

John  Butler  Tiffin,  one  of  the  prominent  and  substantial  citizens  of  Van- 
couver, lives  now  practically  retired  from  active  business,  although  he  still  holds 
the  position  of  president  of  the  Red  Cedar  Lumber  Company,  Limited.  He  is 
one  of  the  pioneers  of  British  Columbia,  having  come  here  in  1877,  and  since 
1878  he  has  been  successfully  engaged  in  the  lumber  business,  having  done  much 
toward  building  up  this  industry  and  bringing  to  the  world's  attention  the  vast  re- 
sources of  the  province. 

John  Butler  Tiffin  was  born  on  November  24,  1848,  in  Kent  county,  Ontario, 
and  is  a  son  of  Thomas  and  Elizabeth  Tiffin.  The  father  was  one  of  the  first 
settlers  in  what  was  known  then  as  the  "old  fields"  in  the  southern  part  of  Kent 
county.  John  B.  Tiffin  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Ontario  and  for  a 
number  of  years  farmed  in  that  province,  until  in  1877  the  spirit  of  the  west 
lured  him  to  British  Columbia,  and  he  has  never  had  occasion  to  regret 
this  step,  for  it  proved  the  corner  stone  to  an  active  and  successful  career  which 
not  only  brought  him  prosperity  but  proved  a  valuable  part  in  opening  the 
resources  of  the  country  to  the  world.  In  1878  Mr.  Tiffin  engag'ed  in  the  lum- 
ber business  and  has  ever  since  been  engaged  in  that  line,  having  now  for  a 
number  of  years  been  president  of  the  Red  Cedar  Lumber  Company,  Limited, 
although  he  has  practically  retired  from  active  business.  He  is  also  a  stock- 
holder in  a  number  of  other  important  companies  here. 


JOHN  B.  TIFFIN 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  17 

Mr.  Tiffin  has  always  taken  deep  interest  in  public  enterprises  of  value  and 
for  a  time  served  as  a  director  in  the  Vancouver  Exhibition  Association.  He 
gave  further  evidence  of  his  public  spirit  by  accepting  office  as  license  commis- 
sioner for  Vancouver  in  1908  and  is  also  an  ex-president  of  the  Vancouver 
Amateur  Driving  Association.  He  is  a  tory  in  politics,  strong  in  his  views  and 
stands  for  those  things  that  make  for  the  good  of  the  country.  His  religious 
faith  is  that  of  the  English  church.  Fraternally  he  belongs  to  Cascade  Lodge, 
A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  he  is  a  member  of  the  Canadian  Club.  Careful  of  his  own 
interests  and  considerate  of  those  of  others,  Mr.  Tiffin  has  attained  to  prosperity, 
his  every  action  being  worthy  of  the  highest  commendation.  He  is  greatly 
interested  in  the  upbuilding  of  his  province  along  various  lines,  such  as  the  im- 
provement of  stock,  horses,  cattle,  etc.  He  has  generous  humanitarian  princi- 
ples and  suffering  humanity,  especially  children,  always  touch  an  answering  chord 
in  his  heart.  Mr.  Tiffin  is  a  loyal  and  faithful  citizen  of  Vancouver  and,  as  he 
has  proven  his  worth,  enjoys  the  confidence,  esteem  and  respect  of  all  who  have 
had  occasion  to  meet  him  in  a  social  or  business  way. 


GEORGE  RORIE. 

George  Rorie  is  now  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  old  established  firm  of 
Ceperley,  Rounsefell  &  Company,  Ltd.,  which  stands  foremost  among  the  represen- 
tatives of  insurance  interests  in  British  Columbia.  A  native  of  Edinburgh,  Scot- 
land, he  was  born  September  30,  1868,  his  parents  being  ( ieorge  L.  and  Elizabeth 
(Paterson)  Rorie.  •  The  father  was  at  one  time  manager  of  the  Town  and  County 
Bank  at  Aberdeen,  Scotland,  and  later  became  secretary  of  the  National  Bank 
of  Scotland,  Limited,  at  Edinburgh,  in  which  connection  be  continued  until 
he  died  in  1886. 

George  Rorie  attended  the  Edinburgh  Academy  and  the  Edinburgh  University. 
He  started  in  the  business  world  in  1886  as  an  apprentice  in  the  office  of  F.  and 
F.  W.  Carter,  chartered  accountants  of  Edinburgh.  When  his  term  of  indenture 
had  expired  he  continued  as  an  employe  of  that  firm  until  1897,  having  been 
admitted  to  membership  in  the  Chartered  Accountants  Society  of  Edinburgh 
in  1892.  Five  years  later  he  went  to  Perth,  Scotland,  where  he  was  engaged  in 
the  private  practice  of  his  profession  until  1905,  when  he  removed  to  Dundee, 
Scotland,  and  again  followed  his  profession  in  a  private  capacity  until  1908. 
That  year  witnessed  his  arrival  in  Canada  and  in  the  month  of  June  he  reached 
Vancouver.  For  a  year  thereafter  he  followed  the  private  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession in  this  city  but  in  1909  became  associated  with  the  old  established  firm 
of  Ceperley,  Rounsefell  &  Company,  Ltd.,  of  which  he  was  made  secretary  and 
treasurer  and  so  continues  to  the  present  time.  This  firm  is  the  oldest  and 
most  important  in  its  line  in  British  Columbia.  It  was  organized  in  1886  and 
conducts  a  general  insurance,  financial  brokerage,  real-estate  and  loan  business. 
They~are  general  agents  in  British  Columbia  for  the  Phoenix  Assurance  Com- 
pany, Ltd.,  of  London,  England ;  the  Liverpool  &  London  &  Globe  Insur- 
ance Company,  Ltd. ;  the  British  America  Assurance  Company ;  the  Thames 
&  Mersey  Marine  Insurance  Company,  Ltd ;  the  Canadian  Railway  Accident 
Insurance  Company ;  and  the  National  Provincial  Plate  Glass  &  General  Insur- 
ance Company,  Ltd.  They  have  agencies  in  all  the  towns  of  British  Columbia 
and  the  Yukon  Territory.  They  are  likewise  the  Vancouver  agents  of  the 
Canadian  Mortgage  Association.'  The  business  of  this  firm  is  most  carefully 
managed  and  directed.  Each  feature  is  familiar  to  someone  in  charge  and 
no  detail  is  neglected.  The  officers  have  been  able  to  surround  themselves  with 
a  capable  corps  of  assistants  and  today  the  clientage  of  the  company  makes 
their  business  in  excess  of  all  others  in  their  line  in  the  insurance  field  in  Brit- 
ish Columbia. 


18  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

On  the  20th  of  December,  1899,  Mr.  Rorie  was  married  at  Edinburgh, 
Scotland,  to  Miss  Nina  Campbell,  a  daughter  of  A.  D.  Campbell,  of  Edinburgh, 
formerly  of  Ederline,  Argyleshire,  Scotland.  Their  children  are  Nancy  Kath- 
erine  and  George  Livingstone.  The  parents  hold  membership  in  St.  John's 
Presbyterian  church  and  Mr.  Rorie  also  belongs  to  the  Masonic  fraternity  and 
to  the  University  Club — associations  which  indicate  something  of  the  nature  of 
his  interests  and  the  principles  which  govern  his  actions.  During  his  residence  in 
Perth,  Mr.  Rorie  served  for  five  years  in  the  Fourth  V.  B.  Black  Watch  (Royal 
Highlanders)  retiring  with  the  rank  of  captain  in  1903.  His  political  service 
covers  three  years  as  town  councillor  of  Perth,  but  since  coming  to  Vancouver 
he  has  preferred  to  concentrate  his  energies  upon  his  business  affairs,  giving 
undivided  attention  to  his  duties  as  secretary  and  treasurer  of  Ceperley,  Rounse- 
fell  &  Company.  With  thorough  training  as  a  chartered  accountant  to  serve 
as  the  foundation  upon  which  to  build  success,  he  has  gradually  promoted  his 
knowledge  of  business  conditions. 

Mr.  Rorie  has  made  use  of  his  extensive  knowledge  of  companies  affairs 
in  another  way,  for  he  is  the  joint  author  of  the  Manual  of  British  Columbia 
Company  Law,  published  by  the  well  known  firm  of  Burroughs  &  Company,  Lim- 
ited. The  Manual  of  British  Columbia  Company  Law,  a  practical  handbook  for 
the  legal  profession,  directors,  secretaries  and  shareholders,  on  the  formation,  man- 
agement and  winding  up  of  companies,  has  as  its  authors,  Alexander  Harold 
Douglas.  LL.  B.,  of  the  Middle  Temple,  barrister-at-law  and  of  the  bar  of  British 
Columbia,  and  George  Rorie,  our  subject.  It  comprises  six  parts,  as  follows:  Part 
i,  the  Formation  and  Constitution  of  a  Company  ;  part  2,  Management  and  Conduct 
of  the  Business  of  the  Company ;  part  3,  Winding  up  of  Companies ;  part  4,  Forms 
and  Precedents:  part  5,  the  Statute;  part  6,  comprehensive  index.  The  book 
also  contains  the  text  of  the  Companies  Act  and  leading  cases.  The  index  is 
comprehensive  and  the  collection  of  forms  and  precedents  complete  and  valuable 
from  an  instructive  point  of  view.  The  book  should  prove  of  great  value  to 
the  commercial  fraternity  of  the  province,  as  heretofore  no  authoritative  guide 
existed  as  to  the  British  Columbia  Companies  Act.  The  combination  of  author- 
ship has  been  a  happy  one,  combining  the  experience  of  a  well  known  company 
lawyer,  and  that  of  a  most  experienced  chartered  accountant,  the  former  treating 
the  subject  from  the  legal  view,  and  the  latter  dealing  with  the  actual  and  practical 
management  of  corporations.  The  high  standing  of  Mr.  Douglas  as  well  as 
Mr.  Rone  insures  the  editorial  excellence  of  the  book  and  makes  its  authoritative- 
ness  unquestionable.  Mr.  Rorie  has  in  this  manner,  in  an  important  way,  con- 
tributed toward  the  very  incomplete  literature  on  this  subject  as  far  as  this  prov- 
ince is  concerned  and  his  efforts  in  this  respect  should  meet  with  a  gratifying 
response  and  a  ready  reception  of  this  valuable  work,  the  need  of  which  has  been 
telt  so  long. 


CAPTAIN  CLARENCE  HUNTER  DE  BECK. 

Captain  Clarence  Hunter  De  Beck,  one  of  the  leading  and  representative 
citizens  of  New  Westminster,  may  be  said  to  have  been  one  of  the  foremost 
factors  in  the  development  of  the  rich  lumber  resources  of  British  Columbia.  He 
was  a  pioneer  here  in  the  sawmill  business  and  when  he  began  operations,  there 
were  but  two  establishments,  the  old  Moodyville  and  the  old  Hastings  mills,  when 
he  erected  the  Brunette  Saw  Mill,  which  for  years  was  the  largest  in  the  province 
and  which  still  is  one  of  the  best  paying  ones  here.  Captain  De  Beck  is  a  native 
ot  New  Brunswick  and  was  born  in  Carleton  county,  August  21,  185=5.  He  is  a 
son  of  George  and  Eliza  Ann  (Dow)  De  Beck,  both  natives  of  New  Brunswick, 
whence  in  1868  they  came  to  British  Columbia  among  the  western  settlers.  They 
made  their  way  by  boat  from  New  York  to  the  isthmus  of  Panama  which  they 
crossed,  and  then  again  took  ship  up  the  coast  to  Victoria.  Two  months  later 


CLARENCE  H.  DE  BECK 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  21 

they  came  to  New  Westminster  where  the  father  engaged  in  logging  in  Burrard 
Inlet,  where  he  was  accidentally  killed  while  engaging  in  that  occupation  about 
two  years  later.  The  mother  is  still  living  and  is  remarkably  hale  and  hearty  and 
in  full  possession  of  all  her  faculties  at  the  age  of  ninety-nine  years. 

Captain  Clarence  H.  De  Beck  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  at  St. 
Louis  College  in  New  Westminster  and  when  only  thirteen  years  of  age  he  secured 
a  position  to  drive  stage  at  a  salary  of  fifty  dollars  per  month  and  board.  After 
coming  to  New  Westminster  he  continued  in  school  until  his  father's  death,  at 
which  time  he  engaged  to  work  in  logging  camps  in  various  positions,  being, 
however,  always  connected  with  clerical  work.  He  thus  continued  for  about  six 
years  when  he  returned  to  New  Westminster  and,  buying  two  teams,  engaged 
in  teaming,  being  largely  occupied  in  the  construction  of  the  penitentiary  and 
asylum.  He  continued  successfully  in  this  line  of  work  for  three  years  and 
made  it  his  principle  when  going  out  in  the  morning  never  to  return  without 
earning  ten  dollars  for  the  day  and  he  remained  out  until  that  purpose  was 
accomplished.  Subsequently  he  and  his  three  brothers,  Howard  L.,  Warren  and 
George  Ward,  built  the  Brunette  Saw  Mills  in  Sapperton  which  under  their  able 
management  were  developed  until  they  were  conceded  to  be  the  best  paying 
lumber  mills  in  the  province.  In  1889  Captain  De  Beck  sold  his  interest  in  these 
mills  but  although  he  had  already  attained  a  competence,  he  could  not  endure 
inactivity  and  two  years  later  purchased  a  tugboat  and  engaged  in  the  towing 
business.  In  1894  he  sold  out  and  in  1896  engaged  in  work  on  the  government 
snag  boat  Sampson,  remaining  in  the  federal  service  for  about  ten  years.  When 
the  King  Edward  dredge  boat  was  finished  in  1897  he  was  placed  in  charge  of 
that  vessel  and  so  continued  until  1906,  when  he  left  the  government  service. 
Following  that  period  he  and  his  son-in-law,  C.  W.  Tate,  established  and  built 
the  Fern  Ridge  Lumber  &  Shingle  Mills  in  the  Langley  district,  which  they 
developed  into  an  important  industry.  Captain  De  Beck  in  1912  sold  his  inter- 
est in  these  mills  and  on  the  1st  of  January,  1913,  bought  the  Royal  City  Shingle 
Mills,  which  he  is  now  operating. 

In  February,  1879,  Mr.  De  Beck  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Emily  Jane 
Edwards,  a  native  of  Sapperton  and  a  daughter  of  William  Edwards,  who  was 
one  of  the  Sapperton  miners  who  came  to  British  Columbia  in  the  early  days,  in 
advance  of  civilization.  Captain  and  Mrs.  De  Beck  have  two  children:  Mabel 
Evaline,  the  wife  of  N.  M.  Mattheson,  collector  of  customs  at  New  Westminster; 
and  Violet  Winifred,  who  married  C.  W.  Tate,  who  is  in  charge  of  the  Fern 
Ridge  Lumber  Company.  It  was  on  May  20,  1912,  that  the  family  circle  was 
broken  by  death,  when  Mrs.  De  Beck  passed  away.  In  his  religious  affiliations 
Captain  De  Beck  is  a  Presbyterian  and  gives  stalwart  support  to  that  organiza- 
tion. One  of  the  pioneers  of  this  district,  he  has  done  important  work  in  pro- 
moting progress  and  especially  in  founding  a  large  and  prosperous  industry 
which  has  grown  to  magnificent  proportions  as  the  years  have  passed.  All  that 
affects  the  welfare  of  New  Westminster  and  the  province  finds  in  him  an  inter- 
ested supporter  and  he  is  ever  ready  to  give  of  his  time  and  money  in  order  to 
promote  worthy  public  enterprises  of  permanent  value.  It  is  to  such  citizens 
as  Captain  De  Beck  that  the  present  prosperous  conditions  in  British  Columbia 
are  largely  due,  and  the  honor,  esteem  and  confidence  which  is  given  him  is  tl 
fore  well  merited. 


WILLIAM   McKENZIE  McLEAN. 


William  McKenzie  McLean  has  for  the  past  sixteen  years  been  in  the  ser- 
vice of  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company,  the  oldest  concern  in  British  Columbia 
and  Canada,  and  has  made  an  enviable  record  in  this  connection,  being  now 
manager  of  the  wholesale  department  which  carries  the  most  complete  line 
of  liquors,  tobacco  and  cigars  in  the  province.  Though  still  young  in  years,  he 


22  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

has  already  won  recognition  among  the  substantial  and  successful  citizens  of 
Vancouver.  His  birth  occurred  in  Greenock,  Scotland,  on  the  1st  of  April, 
1884,  his  parents  being  Donald  and  Elizabeth  (McKenzie)  McLean,  who  are 
likewise  natives  of  that  country.  They  came  to  Vancouver  in  1890  and  are 
among  the  well  known  and  highly  esteemed  residents  of  the  city. 

William  McKenzie  McLean,  who  was  a  lad  of  six  years  when  he  accom- 
panied his  parents  on  their  emigration  to  this  country,  obtained  his  education  in 
the  public  schools  of  Vancouver.  Before  reaching  the  age  of  thirteen  he  had  com- 
pleted a  course  in  bookkeeping  and  shorthand  and  on  the  ist  of  February, 
1897,  entered  the  employ  of  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  as  secretary  to  the 
manager,  Mr.  Lockyer.  He  remained  in  that  capacity  until  1908  and  during 
the  past  five  years  was  general  assistant  to  Mr.  Lockyer  for  both  the  wholesale 
and  retail  departments.  On  the  ist  of  January,  1913,  he  became  manager  of 
the  wholesale  department  which  carries  the  most  complete  line  of  liquors,  tobacco 
and  cigars  in  British  Columbia  and  supplies  the  branch  stores  of  the  Hudson's 
Bay  Company  throughout  the  province.  They  have  a  corps  of  traveling  sales- 
men covering  all  of  British  Columbia  and  making  regular  trips  into  the  Yukon, 
where  the  trade  is  large.  Mr.  McLean  is  in  charge  of  all  this  work  and  also 
manages  the  operations  of  the  company  with  all  the  liquor  and  tobacco  dealers 
in  Vancouver,  New  'Westminster  and  Victoria.  He  devotes  his  entire  attention 
to  his  business  duties  and  is  widely  recognized  as  a  young  man  of  splendid  ability 
who  has  a  bright  future  before  him. 


BEXJAMIN  TIXGLEY  ROGERS. 


Great  leaders  are  few.  The  mass  of  men  seem  content  to  remain  in  the  position 
in  which  they  are  placed  by  birth,  circumstances  or  environment.  Laudable 
ambition,  ready  adaptability  and  capacity  for  hard  work  are  essential  elements 
of  success,  and  in  none  of  these  requirements  has  Benjamin  T.  Rogers  been 
found  lacking.  It  is  not  a  matter  of  marvel,  therefore,  that  he  occupies  a  pre- 
eminent position  among  the  builders  of  the  northwest,  for  the  real  promoters  of 
a  country's  growth  and  greatness  are  they  who  found  and  conduct  its  prosperous 
business  enterprises.  In  this  connection  the  name  of  Mr.  Rogers  is  inseparably 
interwoven  with  the  annals  of  British  Columbia.  As  a  sugar  manufacturer  and 
capitalist  he  has  won  not  only  provincial  but  national  reputation,  and  moreover  is 
entitled  to  distinction  as  one  whose  success  has  not  been  allowed  to  warp  his  finer 
sensibilities  or  crush  out  the  kindly  impulses  of  nature.  On  the  contrary  his  pros- 
perity has  been  to  him  the  means  of  enlarged  opportunity  and  endeavor  on  behalf 
of  his  fellowmen,  and  his  worth  in  these  particulars  is  attested  by  the  consensus 
of  public  opinion.  A  native  of  Pennsylvania,  Mr.  Rogers  was  born  in  Philadelphia, 

>ctol>er  21,  1865,  and  is  a  son  of  Samuel  B.  and  Clara  Augusta  (Uu  Puy)  Rogers. 
who  were  also  natives  of  the  United  States.  The  father  was  engaged  in  the  sugar 
refining  business  in  Philadelphia  and  subsequently  went  to  New  Orleans  where 

;  conducted  a  large  refinery  under  the  name  of  the  Planters  Sugar  Refining  Com- 
pany, remaining  m  active  business  in  the  Crescent  city  until  his  death  in  1883.    His 
witecame  to  Vancouver  some  years  afterward  and  made  her  home  with  her  son 
Benjamin  T.,  until  her  demise  in  the  year  1910. 

Excellent  educational  opportunities  were  accorded'  Benjamin  T.  Rogers,  who 
after  attending  the  Philips  Academy  at  Andover,  Massachusetts,  pursued  a  tech- 
nical course  ,n  the  plant  of  the  Standard  Refinery  Company  at  Boston,  Massachu- 
setts where  he  mastered  the  subject  of  sugar  chemistry.  He  then  accepted  the 
position  of  chemist  in  his  father's  plant  in  New  Orleans,  but  had  been  identified 
with  the  business  there  for  less  than  a  year  when  his  father  died.  Samuel  B. 
oTt  Paen?ee"  a £eTlal  fnend  °f  Mn  Havemeyer,  the  sugar  king  of  New  York, 
Ne  vY^l  J  T'tJ'  ,R°gerVntered  the  Havemeyer  &  Elder  Sugar  Refinery  at 
New  York  with  the  object  of  acquainting  himself  with  all  departments  and  every 


BENJAMIN   T.   ROGERS 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  25 

phase  of  the  business.  He  began  boiling  sugar  and  gained  a  knowledge  of  all  the 
processes  of  manufacture,  working  his  way  steadily  upward  until  he  became  assist- 
ant superintendent  and  eventually  superintendent,  in  which  capacity  he  was  serving 
when  he  withdrew  from  that  company  after  seven  years'  connection  therewith.  He 
was  ambitious  to  engage  in  business  on  his  own  account,  prompted  by  an  initiative 
spirit  that  has  been  one  of  the  strong  elements  of  his  success.  In  1890  he  came 
to  Vancouver  and  organized  the  British  Columbia  Sugar  Refining  Company,  Ltd., 
of  which  he  became  the  president.  The  new  enterprise  was  started  on  a  limited 
scale.  He  built  a  small  plant  on  the  site  still  occupied  and  wiih  the  growth  of 
the  city  has  annually  enlarged  the  plant  until  they  now  have  a  capacity  of  twenty 
times  their  first  annual  output.  Mr.  Rogers  has  always  acted  as  manager  of  ti:e 
business.  His  entire  life  has  been  devoted  to  this  industry  and  his  success  has 
been  phenomenal.  The  secret,  however,  is  not  fai  to  seek — it  lies  in  the  thorough- 
ness with  which  he  mastered  every  phase  of  the  business  and  in  the  technical  train- 
ing which  qualified  him  for  the  scientific  understanding  of  the  process  used,  lie 
has  ever  been  watchful  of  all  details  pointing  to  success,  has  carefully  directed 
and  guarded  his  interests  and  has  been  seldom  if  ever  at  fault  in  estimating  value 
in  any  one  point  or  condition  of  the  business,  so  that  he  has  been  quick  to  discard 
the  non-essential  and  at  the  same  utilize  the  essential  to  the  fullest  extent.  lie 
has  never  deviated  from  the  high  aim  which  he  set  up  in  connection  with  the 
trade  and  he  has  justly  earned  the  place  which  he  now  occupies  as  one  of  the 
foremost  business  men  of  British  Columbia. 

On  the  ist  of  June,  1892,  Mr.  Rogers  was  married  at  Victoria  to  Miss  Mary 
Isabella  Angus,  of  Manchester,  England,  and  they  have  seven  children  :  Blythe  Du- 
Puy,  Mary  Angus,  Ernest  Theodore,  Elsbeth,  Phillip  Tingley,  Margaret  and  For- 
rest. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Rogers  are  members  of  St.  Paul's  Anglican  church.  Mrs. 
Rogers  takes  a  very  active  part  in  its  work  and  is  in  hearty  sympathy  with  her 
husband  in  his  support  of  charitable  and  benevolent  projects.  He  served  for 
two  or  three  years  as  vice  president  of  the  Vancouver  General  Hospital  and  Mrs. 
Rogers  is  a  member  of  its  Woman's  Auxiliary,  of  which  she  was  the  president 
for  many  years.  Mr.  Rogers  votes  with  the  conservative  party,  but  is  never  active 
in  politics.  He  finds  recreation  in  shooting  and  fishing  and  through  his  social 
connection  with  various  leading  clubs  throughout  the  country,  holding  member- 
ship in  the  Vancouver,  Terminal  City  and  Royal  Vancouver  Yacht  Clubs  of  Van- 
couver, the  Union  Club  of  Victoria,  the  Manitoba  Club  of  Winnipeg,  and  the 
Mount  Royal  Club  of  Montreal.  He  was  one  of  the  first  members  and  is  now 
commodore  of  the  Royal  Vancouver  Yacht  Club,  of  which  he  is  an  active  mem- 
ber. His  success  now  gives  him  leisure  for  participating  in  those  things  which 
are  a  matter  of  interest  and  recreation.  His  ability  and  his  personal  worth  have 
made  him  widely  known  throughout  the  country  from  eastern  to  western  Canada, 
and  he  is  accorded  that  tribute  of  respect  which  the  world  instinctively  pays  to 
the  man  who  controls  fate  and  carves  out  his  own  fortune,  employing  methods 
which  never  seek  nor  require  disguise. 


MATHEW  JOHN  BARR. 

Mathew  John  Barr,  a  prominent  and  able  business  man  of  Vancouver,  con- 
nected since  1899  with  the  firm  of  Barr  &  Anderson,  plumbers,  was  born  in 
Abbotsbury,  South  Wales,  November  23,  1875.  He  is  a  son  of  Mathew  and 
Hannah  (Clancy)  Barr,  natives  of  Scotland,  the  former  of  whom  died  in  that 
country.  His  wife  afterward  came  to  Canada,  settling  in  Winnipeg  in  1881 
and  in  1891  removed  to  Vancouver,  where  her  death  occurred  in  April,  1911. 

The  public  schools  of  Winnipeg  and  the  Vancouver  high  school  afforded 
Mathew  John  Barr  his  educational  opportunities  and  after  laying  aside  his  books 
he  was  apprenticed  to  the  plumbing  and  heating  trade,  serving  for  five  years. 


26  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

At  the  end  of  that  time,  having  mastered  the  work  in  principle  and  detail,  he 
founded  the  firm  of  Mclntyre  &  Barr  in  1897  and  he  maintained  this  connection 
until  1899,  when  the  firm  "of  Barr  &  Anderson  was  founded,  so  continuing  to 
the  present  time.  This  firm  is  one  of  the  strong  business  factors  in  the  city 
and  controls  an  important  and  growing  patronage  along  >its  special  line,  both 
partners  being  representative,  successful  and  far-sighted  business  men.  Since 
the  foundation  of  the  business  Mr.  Barr  has  taken  an  active  and  helpful  part 
in  its  upbuilding  and  development,  his  energy,  discrimination  and  enterprise 
uniting  as  elements  in  its  substantial  success.  The  company  controls  important 
business  interests  in  Vancouver  and  a  more  extended  mention  of  its  history 
and  activities  is  found  on  another  page  in  this  work.  Mr.  Barr  is  a  director  in 
the  Metropolitan  Building  Company,  the  Vancouver  Investment  Guarantee  Com- 
pany and  the  Dominion  Glazed  Pipe  Company,  connections  which  prove  the 
variety  and  scope  of  his  interests  and  the  recognition  which  his  ability  has  re- 
ceived in  business  circles. 

On  the  26th  of  November,  1901,  in  New  Westminster,  Mr.  Barr  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Evelyn  May  Dillabough  and  they  have  one  son,  Mathew 
Lyle.  All  kinds  of  outdoor  sports  receive  Mr.  Barr's  enthusiastic  support  but 
he  is  especially  fond  of  lacrosse  and  has  played  on  the  Vancouver  team  for  the 
past  twelve  years.  He  is  past  master  of  Mount  Herman  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M., 
and  is  master  of  the  Vancouver  Masonic  lodge.  He  belongs  to  the  Terminal 
City  Club  and  his  religious  views  are  in  accord  with  the  doctrines  of  the  Pres- 
byterian church.  Mr.  Barr  is  a  prominent  business  man,  possessing  in  his  char- 
acter the  energy,  aggressiveness  and  enterprise  necessary  for  business  success. 
He  has  been  an  active  factor  in  the  expansion  of  one  of  the  important  business 
houses  of  Vancouver  and  his  individual  success  is  an  element  in  the  city's 
growth  and  greatness. 


CAPTAIN  WILLIAM  H.  SOULE. 

Perhaps  no  resident  of  Vancouver  has  a  more  interesting  history  than  that 
of  William  H.  Soule,  whose  record  has  been  most  varied.  His  history  if  written 
in  detail  would  present  many  a  chapter  more  interesting  than  any  to  be  found  in 
fiction.  He  was  born  in  Eastington,  near  Stroud,  Gloucestershire,  England, 
March  16,  1833.  This  was  four  years  before  Queen  Victoria  ascended  the 
throne.  For  thirty  years  he  sailed  the  seven  seas  and  then  spent  between  three 
and  four  decades  with  the  Hastings  Mill  Company  of  Vancouver.  He  was  but  a 
boy  of  fifteen  when  he  sailed  from  Gloucester,  as  an  apprentice  to  Price  & 
Company,  lumber  dealers  of  Quebec,  on  his  first  ship,  the  barque  Carolina,  and 
remained  on  her  two  years,  making  two  round  trips  annually  between  Glouces- 
ter and  Quebec.  It  was  a  strange  coincidence  which  brought  him  on  his  first 
voyage  to  the  land  which  many  years  afterward  was  to  become  his  place  of 
residence.  He  next  went  as  a  common  seaman  on  the  barque  Resolution,  of 
Liverpool,  which  sailed  for  a  cargo  of  cotton  to  Apalachicola,  a  cotton  port  in 
the  southern  United  States.  In  1855  he  was  a  member  of  the  crew  of  the  Edward 
Bilton,  on  its  voyage  from  Newcastle  to  Odessa  for  wheat,  which  on  the  outward 
voyage  was  loaded  with  coal  for  Constantinople.  Discharging  the  cargo  there, 
they  proceeded  on  to  their  destination,  and  Christmas  day  of  that  year  was  spent 
on  the  Black  Sea.  Captain  Soule  afterward  shipped  on  an  American  vessel,  the 
Massachusetts,  which,  after  loading  railway  metals  at  Newport,  Wales,  sprang 
a  leak  and  would  have  sunk  in  the  Bristol  Channel  had  the  captain  not  beached 
her  at  Barrie  island,  near  Cardiff,  just  in  time  to  save  her  from  going  down. 

Captain  Soule  afterward  went  to  Barcelona  and  subsequently  shipped  upon  a 
newly  built  vessel  at  Belfast  bound  for  Hong  Kong.  He  next  changed  to  an 
American  ship  which  was  loaded  at  tea  ports  of  the  Orient,  and  on  the  Alba- 
tross went  to  Calcutta  and  back  to  Boston.  He  next  sailed  on  the  Ganges  to  Cal- 


CAPTAIN  WILLIAM  H.  SOULE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  a» 

nit. i.  wheic  tlio  vessel  remained  during  tin-  mutiny.  A  brother  who  visited  him  in 
.incomer  twenty  years  ago  served  throughout  that  period  of  hostility  helween 
the  English  and  die  natives.  Captain  Soule  witnessed  lonie  wonderful  fireworks, 
i  epicting  one  of  the  hattles,  l.ueknow.  The  COtnbUttiblci,  ignited  by  accident, 
i  lade  u  display  so  novel  to  the  natives  that  they  were  greatly  frightened  and  lied 
i  i  all  directions.  The  memory  of  their  ludicrous  flight  causes  the  t'aptaiu  main 
i  quiet  laugh  to  this  day. 

Nut  long  afterward  Captain  Sonic  hecaine  male  upmi  a  l>art|iic  whii-h  put  urn 
from  Singapore  for  Hangkok  and  Sinm,  for  rice,  wilh  a  Chinese  crew  and  a 
•upercargo  of  three  boxes,  each  containing  ten  thousand  Mexican  .silver  doll. UN 
1  ,  longing  to  one  of  the  shipowners,  The  skipper  and  male  weie  the  onl\ 
vliites.  A  day  and  a  half  out  the  vessel  sprang  a  serious  leak  and  al  once  the 
(Oinpradore,  a  Chinaman,  and  all  the  Chinc.se  new  \vauird  in  lake  in  the  Imai-. 
Mid  make  for  the  land.  The  exigencies  of  the  occasion  made  u  necev.ai\  ilui 
•Mr.  Soule  threaten  the  ('hinamen  wilh  pistols  in  make  llu-m  |nim|>,  while  lie  hm 
\  as  helping,  in  order  to  keep  the  vessel  atloal  i..  reach  Singapore,  In  AII^MI  ,i. 
)  36^,  he  sailed  from  Liverpool  on  llie  Wild  llmiiri,  ol  llnsion.  Tins  pmvcil  in 
Is  the  most  momentous  voyage  ul  his  hie,  hei.mse  il  look  linn  In  .S.ni  I'laiur.in. 
.  which  ]ilace  he  became  a  passenger  on  llie  Uiolhci  Imiallian,  a  xe.s.sel  bound 
fir  Victoria,  British  Columbia.  I'Yom  Ilial  city  Captain  Sunle  went  in  llie  old 
1  -iiterprise  to  New  Westminster  and  me)  John  Mel  emi.m,  who  was  pnisei  ,.i> 
tie  boat  and  the  hrsl  man  he  knew  m  ibis  lomiiiy.  Aller  one  mghl  m  New 
Westminster  Captain  Soule  proceeded  lo  llie  pild  field'.,  lia\cling  by  slc.imci 
from  New  Westminster  to  l''orl  Yale  and  theme  mi  bml  In  Spn//um  Iliidge, 
\  here  he  spent  the  night  on  a  bed  of  poles  ami  boughs,  and  llie  following  day 
I  lodded  on  toward  Williams  creek,  a  distance  ol  loin  hundred  miles,  walking  all 
tie  way  save  for  a  short  steamer  trip  Irom  Soda  creek  In  the  monlh  ol  llie 
i  nial  A I  that  lime  Joseph  Trnlch  was  building  a  pai  I  ol  llie  (  ai  ibon  mail  midei 
Jackass  mountain;  between  Itoston  liar  and  l.yllon.  This  they  had  In  :,khl. 
Captain  Soule  and  his  companion,  Mr.  Mel.emian,  fnnnd  il  a  dillniili  walk  oyci 
t  lat  four  hundred  miles,  for  when  they  started  each  was  carrying  a  pack  ol  one 
1  undred  and  ten  pounds.  They  saw  many  men  going  in  and  mel  many  others 
(  miing  out,  each  wilh  varying  stories  of  success  or  laihne  Captain  Sonic  was 
tot  successful  in  his  search  for  gold,  and  although  he  bail  a  mimbei  nl  claims 
.iat timed  with  no  more  than  he  possessed  when  he  entered  llie  country-  Hi-. 
.  nibii  n  in  wus  lo  accumulate  monev  enough  lo  buy  a  ship  for  use  in  llie  cotton 
t 'adc,  At  this  time  John  Wheeler  had  a  claim  al  lloslon  li:ir,  and  Caplain  Soule 
i  nited  with  him  to  work  il.  The  claim  was  situated  on  llie  old  river  bolloni  ol 
t'ic  Frascr.  They  felled  trees  and  whipsawed  the  timber  for  their  shafting  and 
t  i»-n  sunk  a  shaft  some  forty  feet,  but  wilh  indifferent  success.  They  bad  a 
g*rden  and  grew  their  needed  vegetables  on  llie  surface,  while  |»il  a  few  feel 
I  -II' -alb,  m  the  gravel,  they  were  taking  out  gold.  The  precious  metal  was 
•  'i. i  mi  (I  niil\  m  in. ill  i|iianiities  but  still  there  was  suflicienl  to  make  the  labor 
v  "it  h  while. 

K'ehmiing  lo  Vancouver,  Captain  Soule  went   on  lo   I'ort   (iainhle  on   I'ugrt 
I-onii,]    .mil    thence    i  ailed    to    Honolulu    with    lumber.      Wilh    several   others    he 

i  H ;,,|,.  a  contract  to  build  a  wagon  road  over  Donald  Highland.     They  were 

t'>be  v>aid  per  rod,  but  worked  so  fast  that  the  contractor  cancelled  (he  contract, 
ileclarinjr  d1(.y  were  making  too  much  money.  In  iKo<>  Captain  Soule  returned 
to  Vancouver  and,  as  he  says,  "stuck  his  stake"  and  has  resided  here  con- 
i  nuoiisly  since.  In  1871  he  established  himself  in  the  business  of  a  slevedorc, 
i'1  connection  with  the  Hastings  mill,  and  carried  on  that  enterprise  for  about 
i  miyVfour  years  or  until  he  retired  to  private  life  about  seven  years  ago.  Under 
his  management  the  business  had  grown  to  such  an  extent  that  lie  had  agents  in 
the  I  Jnileil  Slale1,  and  al'.o  in  I'lumpe. 

(  'n  the  171)1  of  January,  i8;K,  Captain  Soule  was  united  in  marriage  to  Mrs, 
1  hen     .,    I  '..Mi-i-.nii,  the  widow  of  Caplain  Calvin   I  'a  I  lei  --on,  who  a  I   an  eai  ly  'l.il' 

I'  id  come  to  Vancouver,  where  he  died  as  the  result  of  an  accident.    Mrs.  Soule 


30  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

was  born  in  Manchester,  England,  but  after  the  death  of  her  parents  came  with 
her  brother  to  New  York  city,  where  she  was  educated  and  grew  to  womanhood. 
Unto  Captain  and  Mrs.  Soule  have  been  born  two  children:  Alfred  Hastings, 
who  is  now  a  resident  of  Victoria;  and  Estelle  Budding,  the  wife  of  Alexander 
McKelvie.  When  the  great  conflagration  in  1886  devastated  Vancouver  and  the 
home  of  Captain  Soule  was  reduced  to  ashes,  he  and  his  family  removed  to  his 
boat,  the  Robert  Kerr,  which  lay  at  anchor  in  the  harbor,  making  their  home 
thereon  for  a  year  or  untif  a  new  house  was  erected  at  the  corner  of  Powell  and 
Dundee  streets.  This  was  then  an  entirely  different  residential  section  than  it 
is  at  present  and  they  made  their  home  there  for  about  twenty  years.  In  1906 
they  removed  to  their  modern  and  commodious  home  at  No.  1136  Pacific  street, 
and  here  Captain  and  Mrs.  Soule  are  now  spending  the  evening  of  their  lives  in 
honorable  retirement  and  pleasing  surroundings.  The  old  barque,  Robert  Kerr. 
passed  from  his  ownership  to  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  and  was  for  years 
used  by  that  corporation  as  a  "coal  hulk"  but  was  eventually  wrecked  on  the  reef 
near  Nanaimo,  where  her  storm-shattered  skeleton  is  now  passing  into  decay. 
It  was  Captain  Soule  who  owned  the  first  ship  of  Vancouver. 

When  the  city  of  Vancouver  was  first  created  Captain  Soule  was  a  candidate 
for  its  first  board  of  aldermen,  while  his  old  friend  and  associate,  H.  M.  Alex- 
ander, was  the  candidate  of  the  conservative  party  for  the  office  of  mayor.  The 
liberals  won  the  day,  however,  and  both  Captain  Soule  and  his  friend  met  defeat. 
Captain  Soule  and  his  family  are  of  the  Episcopal  faith.  He  assisted  in  the 
erection  of  the  first  three  churches  in  Vancouver  and  hung  the  bell  in  the  first 
house  of  worship.  He  is  a  valued  member  of  the  Commercial  Club  and  also 
belongs  to  the  Progress  Club  of  Vancouver.  It  has  been  said  that  "Captain  and 
Mrs.  Soule  are  known  for  their  kind-hearted  hospitality  and  high  moral  stand- 
ards, and  their  influence  for  good  will  long  be  felt  in  British  Columbia  after 
the  final  act  of  life  is  ended  and  the  curtain  has  been  rung  down  forever." 


THOMAS  KIDD. 

Thomas  Kidd,  who  is  now  living  retired  on  his  beautiful  ranch,  comprised 
of  a  hundred  and  eighty  acres  of  Lulu  Island's  fertile  land,  was  born  in  County 
Down,  Ireland,  on  the  23d  of  February,  1846.  He  is  a  son  of  William  and  Mar- 
garet (Garrett)  Kidd,  who  were  also  natives  of  the  Emerald  isle,  where  they 
passed  their  entire  lives. 

The  first  seventeen  years  in  the  life  of  Thomas  Kidd  were  passed  in  the 
parental  home  in  the  unvaried  routine  characteristic  of  rural  sections.  His  ene-r- 
gies  were  largely  devoted  to  the  acquirement  of  an  education  until  1863,  in  wh  ich 
year  he  laid  aside  his  text-books  and  started  out  to  make  his  own  way  in  ;  the 
world.  In  common  with  the  majority  of  youths  of  his  age,  he  longed  to  pursue 
his  career  in  the  colonies,  where  life  afforded  the  varying  experiences,  unusual 
happenings  and  strange  adventures  that  attract  and  fill  the  dreams  of  e'very 
enterprising  and  ambitious  lad.  His  desire  was  gratified  and  soon  after  leaving 
school  in  1863  he  took  passage  for  New  Zealand  on  a  sailing  vessel,  speeding 
a  hundred  days  at  sea.  Some  three  months  after  his  arrival  he  enlistecf  as  a 
private  in  the  Second  Company,  Third  Regiment  of  Waikato  Volunteers,  £>rgan- 
ized  to  put  down  the  natives,  who  had  started  a  revolution.  He  remained  in 
the  service  until  1866,  being  discharged  with  the  rank  of  corporal.  Soon  there- 
after he  started  for  California,  where  he  took  up  his  residence  in  1867.  For 
a  time  he  engaged  in  ranching  in  Mendocino  county,  but  he  subsequently  aban- 
doned this  activity  and  turned  his  attention  to  logging,  which  he  followed  ir.1  that 
county  for  several  years.  Later  with  a  party  of  four  friends  he  traveled  c'lown 
the  coast  and  across  the  state  to  Inyo  county,  where  he  remained  until  1874.  In 
January  of  that  year  he  returned  to  San  Francisco  and  took  passage  for  British 
Columbia,  arriving  at  Victoria  on  the  iith  of  February.  A  few  days  lat^r  he 


THOMAS  KIDD 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  33 

went  to  New  Westminster,  and  there  he  formed  the  acquaintance  of  a  Mr.  Brig- 
house.  With  this  gentleman  and  a  Mr.  Scratchly  he  came  to  Lulu  Island,  where 
he  worked  for  them  for  a  while,  but  in  the  summer  he  filed  on  a  hundred  and 
sixty  acres  of  land  and  began  farming  for  himself.  This  tract  forms  the  prin- 
cipal part  of  his  present  valuable  ranch,  the  boundaries  of  which  he  later  extended 
by  the  purchase  of  twenty  acres,  and  here  he  has  ever  since  made  his  home.  His 
early  experiences  were  very  similar  in  every  respect  to  those  of  other  pioneers 
of  Lulu  Island.  He  encountered  innumerable  obstacles  and  hardships,  but  he 
possesses  the  tenacity  of  purpose  and  perseverance  which  invariably  lead  to  the 
goal  and  zealously  applied  himself  to  the  achievement  of  his  ambition.  His 
energies  were  devoted  to  general  farming  and  stock-raising,  both  of  which 
proved  profitable  under  his  capable  management,  and  today  he  is  the  owner  of 
one  of  the  attractive  and  most  valuable  farms  in  this  section.  As  his  circum- 
stances permitted  he  replaced  the  crude  structures  first  erected  on  his  land  with 
more  pretentious  buildings,  and  from  time  to  time  added  various  other  improve- 
ments. Here  he  is  passing  his  latter  days  in  well  earned  ease,  surrounded  with 
every  comfort  and  enjoying  an  annual  income  from  his  farm  which  far  more 
than  supplies  the  needs  of  himself  and  family. 

In  September,  1883,  Mr.  Kidd  was  married  to  Miss  Letitia  Smith,  a  daugh- 
ter of  Peter  and  Myra  Smith,  the  event  occurring  at  Ladner,  and  to  them  have 
been  born  six  children.  In  order  of  birth  they  are  as  follows :  Agnes,  the  wife 
of  G.  H.  Harris ;  Margaret  and  Gertrude,  both  of  whom  are  at  home ;  a  daugh- 
ter and  son  who  died  in  infancy ;  and  Joseph  \V.,  who  was  drowned  when  he 
was  twenty-two  years  of  age. 

In  his  earlier  years  Mr.  Kidd  figured  prominently  in  municipal  politics,  being 
one  of  the  leaders  of  his  party  during  the  pioneer  period.  He  was  numbered 
among  the  progressive  and  enterprising  citizens  of  the  municipality  and  gave 
efficient  service  in  the  council  of  Richmond,  of  which  body  he  was  a  member 
for  several  years.  In  1894,  the  year  the  Westminster  electoral  district  was 
divided  into  four  ridings,  he  was  elected  to  the  provincial  parliament,  where  he 
served  until  1902.  In  his  political  principles  Mr.  Kidd  is  a  liberal,  but  at  local 
elections  he  votes  for  the  man  he  deems  best  qualified  to  give  the  people  efficient 
service.  Probably  no  one  in  the  community  is  more  familiar  with  the  early 
events  which  helped  to  shape  the  destiny  of  the  northwest  than  Mr.  Kidd,  as 
for  practically  forty  years  he  has  been  in  close  touch  with  the  affairs  of  the 
district,  much  of  that  period  having  been  spent  in  the  public  service  in  various 
capacities. 

HENRY   SIMON  VAUGHAN. 

While  the  record  of  the  business  man  may  be  less  spectacular  than  that  of 
the  statesman  or  military  leader  it  is  none  the  less  essential  and  no  less  valuable 
a;?  a  force  in  advancement.  In  fact,  the  stable  prosperity  and  substantial  growth 
of  every  community  depends  upon  its  enterprising  and  able  business  men  who 
give  to  it  its  great  business  institutions,  utilizing  every  means  that  comes  to  hand 
not  only  to  advance  their  own  interests  but  also  to  promote  the  public  welfare. 
To  this  class  belongs  Henry  Simon  Vaughan,  who  for  twenty-three  years  -has 
beon  connected  with  what  is  now  the  firm  of  Ceperley,  Rounsefell  &  Company, 
Ltd.,  and  who  is,  moreover,  one  of  the  most  reliable,  progressive  and  able 
business  men  in  Vancouver  at  the  present  time.  He  was  born  in  Liverpool, 
England,  April  3,  1870,  and  is  a  son  of  Simon  and  Sarah  (de  Wolf)  Vaughan, 
the  former  a  Canadian  and  a  descendant  of  an  old  Loyalist  family  and  head 
of  the  firm  of  S.  Vaughan  &  Company,  ship  owners  and  brokers  of  Liverpool, 
England,  until  his  return  to  Canada  in  1882.  In  the  Dominion  he  settled  at 
Wolfville,  Nova  Scotia,  and  in  1891  came  to  Vancouver  with  his  family,  where 
he  lived  retired  until  his  death.  His  wife  was  a  daughter  of  William  H.  de  Wolf, 


34  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

of  Wolfville,  Nova  Scotia,  and  a  member  of  an  old  Loyalist  family  from  whom 
the  town  took  its  name. 

Henry  Simon  Vaughan  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his 
native  city  and  in  Acadia  College  there,  after  which  he  entered  the  employ  of 
Rhodes,  Curry  &  Company  of  Amherst,  Nova  Scotia,  with  whom  he  remained 
until  1891.  In  that  year  he  came  to  Vancouver,  British  Columbia,  and  became 
associated  with  what  is  now  the  firm  of  Ceperley,  Rounsefell  &  Company, 
Ltd.,  with  whom  he  has  continued  since  that  time — a  period  of  twenty-three 
years.  The  firm  was  founded  in,  1886  under  the  style  of  Ross  &  Ceperley, 
its  organizer  being  H.  T.  Ceperley.  It  later  became  Ceperley,  Rounsefell  & 
Company  upon  admission  to  the  firm  of  F.  W.  Rounsefell  and  it  so  continued 
until  its  incorporation  as  Ceperley,  Rounsefell  &  Company,  Ltd.  The  present 
officers  are  H.  T.  Ceperley,  president;  F.  W.  Rounsefell,  managing  director; 
H.  S.  Vaughan,  vice  president;  and  George  Rorie,  secretary  and  treasurer. 
The  company  does  a  general  insurance,  real-estate  and  financial  brokerage 
business  and  is  one  of  the  oldest  and  largest  firms  of  its  kind  in  British  Columbia. 
It  is  general  agent  in  the  province  for  the  Liverpool  &  London  &  Globe  Insur- 
ance Company,  Ltd. ;  the  Phoenix  Assurance  Company,  Ltd.,  of  London,  Eng- 
land ;  the  British  America  Assurance  Company ;  the  Thames  &  Mersey  Marine 
Insurance  Company,  Ltd. ;  the  Canadian  Railway  Accident  Insurance  Company, 
and  the  National  Provincial  Plate  Glass  Company,  Ltd.  It  is  also  agent  in 
Vancouver  for  the  Canadian  Mortgage  Association.  In  the  development  of  this 
immense  business  Henry  S.  Vaughan  has  proven  an  active  and  helpful  factor 
during  the  twenty-three  years  of  his  connection  with  it  and  his  energy,  ability 
and  executive  power  have  in  an  important  way  influenced  its  policies  and  effected 
the  character  and  direction  of  its  development.  He  gives  his  full  attention  to 
the  concern  and  his  time  is  altogether  occupied  with  the  manifold  duties  which 
his  ability  brings  upon  him  and  with  those  which  devolve  upon  him  as  one  of  the 
chief  executives  of  a  large  and  growing  business  corporation.  His  associates 
respect  him  as  an  able,  far-sighted  and  discriminating  man  and  his  record  is 
in  all  respects  a  gratifying  and  enviable  one. 

On  the  2d  of  October,  1902,  Mr.  Vaughan  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Elizabeth  J.  Sharpies,  of  Vancouver,  a  daughter  of  Isaac  and  Margaret  Sharpies. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Vaughan  have  two  children,  Kenneth  S.  and  Margaret  de  Wolf. 
Mr.  Vaughan  is  a  member  of  the  Anglican  church  and  is  a  conservative  in  his 
political  beliefs.  He  is,  however,  not  active  in  politics,  preferring  to  spend  his 
leisure  hours  in  his  home  with  his  wife  and  children.  He  is  a  devoted  husband 
and  father  and  in  private  life  a  charming  and  courteous  gentleman,  qualities 
which  have  drawn  to  him  a  representative  and  extensive  circle  of  friends. 


JOSEPH  DESPARD  PEMBERTON. 

No  history  of  British  Columbia  would  be  complete  or  satisfactory  without 
prominent  reference  to  the  late  Joseph  Despard  Pemberton,  so  important  was  the 
part  which  he  played  in  the  development  of  this  section  of  the  country.  His  name 
is  written  large  in  its  annals  for  the  work  which  he  accomplished  made  kno^n 
to  the  world  in  considerable  measure  the  possibilities,  resources  and  opportunities 
of  the  Pacific  coast  region.  After  his  connection  with  the  preliminary  surveys 
he  aided  in  the  later  material  development  of  the  country  and  also  in  shaping 
its  political  history. 

He  was  born  in  Dublin,  Ireland,  in  1821,  a  son  of  Joseph  Pemberton  and  a 
grandson  of  the  Rt.  Hon.  Joseph  Pemberton,  of  Clontarf,  Dublin,  and  Lord 
Mayor  of  the  city  in  1806.  Joseph  Despard  Pemberton  was  educated  at  Trinity 
College  in  Dublin,  where  he  was  a  pupil  of  Mr.  Hemans,  M.  I.  C.  E.,  M.  R.  I.  A- 
Obtaining  expert  knowledge  of  the  profession  in  which  he  wished  to  engage  his 
ability  led  him  into  important  relations  He  was  assistant  engineer  of  the  Gre;at 


JOSKPH  D.  PEMBERTON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  37 

Southern  &  Western  Railway  and  was  assistant  engineer  to  Sir  John  McNeil 
LL.  D.,  F.  R.  S.,  M.  I/  C.  E.  and  M.  R.  I.  A.  Subsequently  Mr.  Pemberton 
became  engineer  for  the  Exeter  &  Crediton  Railway  and  was  also  engineer  of 
a  part  of  the  East  Lancashire  Railway  He  made  the  design  for  the  Crystal 
Palace  of  London,  for  which  he  was  awarded  a  bronze  medal.  His  high  stand- 
ing in  his  profession  and  the  recognition  of  his  ability  are  further  shown  by 
the  fact  that  he  was  professor  of  engineering  and  mathematics  in  the  Royal 
Agricultural  College  of  Cirincester,  where  he  remained  for  two  years,  resign- 
ing to  join  the  service  of  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  in  British  Columbia  as 
colonial  surveyor  and  engineer. 

Mr.  Pemberton  left  England  early  in  1851  and  started  for  the  Pacific  coast 
by  way  of  the  Panama  route.  He  stopped  for  a  time  to  become  engineer  of 
the  Panama  Railroad,  which  was  then  being  built.  The  trip  which  he  made 
from  the  old  world  to  the  new  was  at  that  time  a  very  perilous  and  fatiguing  one. 
No  railway  had  been  built  across  the  isthmus  and  travel  was  in  open  boats  up 
the  Chagres  river,  exposed  to  heat  and  malaria  at  all  times.  Mr.  Pemberton 
contracted  the  fever  and  almost  lost  his  life  but  at  length  succeeded  in  dispelling 
the  fever  through  the  procedure  of  jumping  from  shipboard  into  the  salt  water. 
At  length  he  reached  Victoria  in  safety  and  on  his  arrival  quarters  were  assigned 
him  in  the  old  fort.  He  lost  no  time  in  getting  to  work,  being  fully  determined 
to  explore  the  country  which  was  then  almost  absolutely  unknown.  He  made 
a  somewhat  hazardous  trip  to  Cowichan  Lake  in  1852,  being  the  first  white 
man  to  make  that  district,  his  observations  made  along  the  journey  proving  in 
later  years  invaluable  to  the  early  settlers. 

In  1853  Mr.  Pemberton  went  to  examine  the  coal  fields  reported  at  Saanich, 
traveling  in  a  canoe  with  five  French  Canadian  voyageurs  as  a  crew,  but  on 
reaching  his  destination  he  discovered  the  deposit  to  be  only  lignite.  The  party 
found  it  necessary  to  make  a  hurried  departure,  owing  to  the  excitable  Pen-al- 
ahut  Indians  under  Chief  Mook-Mook-Tan,  who  gave  chase  and  fired  their 
guns  at  the  party,  but  the  Indians  were  soon  outdistanced  by  the  white  men. 
The  old  chief  later  became  one  of  Mr.  Pemberton's  most  faithful  friends  and 
servants. 

From  1853  until  1855  Mr.  Pemberton  was  engaged  upon  the  trigonometrical 
survey  of  the  island  from  Sooke  to  Xanaimo,  the  result  of  which  work  was 
published  in  1855  by  John  Arrowsmith  of  London.  This  work  was  one  of  great 
difficulty  and  hardship  and  was  attended  at  all  times  with  considerable  danger. 
The  stations  were  often  treetops  from  which  the  angles  were  taken.  The  diffi- 
culty of  transportation,  too,  was  another  great  hindrance,  the  territory  being 
virgin  with  no  roads  across  it.  The  bush  and  rocks  made  it  a  most  formidable 
undertaking,  but  with  his  undaunted  energy  and  natural  love  of  duty  Mr.  Pember- 
ton finally  accomplished  what  he  undertook.  In  1857  the  same  coast  line  was 
surveyed  by  Captain  G.  H.  Richards,  later  Admiral  Sir  G.  H.  Richards,  and  a 
comparison  of  the  two  surveys  shows  only  a  difference  of  fifty  feet  in  one  hun- 
dred miles,  a  fact  decidedly  complimentary  to  Mr.  Pemberton  when  one  takes 
into  consideration  the  great  difficulties  under  which  he  labored.  In  1852  Mr. 
Pemberton,  associated  with  J.  N.  McKay  of  the  Indian  department,  examined  the 
coal  measures  of  Nanaimo,  out  of  which  sections  were  made,  and  a  report  of  the 
work  and  the  surrounding  country  was  sent  to  London.  The  result  of  this  report 
was  that  in  the  following  year  a  number  of  miners  with  machinery  and  neces- 
sary supplies  were  dispatched  to  the  field  to  open  and  work  the  mines  with  Mr. 
McKay  as  manager.  Mr.  Pemberton  was  also  one  of  the  first  white  men  to 
cross  Vancouver  island.  In  1857  he  was  the  leader  of  an  expedition  to  ascer- 
tain whether  gold  existed  on  the  island  and,  accompanied  by  Captain  Gooch 
and  a  party  of  seven,  he  traced  the  Cowichan  river  to  its  source;  traversed  the 
island  and  reached  Nitinat  on  the  shores  of  the  Pacific  after  many  adventures 
and  hardships.  In  1860  his  book  on  British  Columbia  and  Vancouver  island 
was  published  by  Longman  and  proved  of  great  assistance  to  intending  settlers- 
In  1859  he  occupied  the  position  of  surveyor  general  of  British  Columbia  under 


38  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

appointment  of  Queen  Victoria,  and  the  commission  is  signed  by  her  personally. 
He  served  until  the  end  of  1864,  when  he  resigned.  While  hurrying  along 
Esquimalt  road  on  government  business  Mr.  Pemberton  met  with  a  serious 
accident,  being  thrown  from  his  horse,  and  the  effects  of  the  fall  he  felt  through- 
out the  remainder  of  his  life.  It  was  due  to  this  accident  that  he  resigned  his 
position  as  surveyor  general. 

In  addition  to  the  important  work  already  mentioned  it  should  be  said  that 
Mr.  Pemberton  designed  and  erected  the  Race  Rocks  and  Fisgard  lighthouses 
and  as  surveyor  general  he  laid  out  and  constructed  the  first  roads  in  the  city 
and  county.  He  was  a  member  of  the  commission  to  consider  the  question  of  the 
improvement  of  Victoria  harbor  and  when  the  house  voted  money  for  dredging 
the  spit  he  went  to  England  and  purchased  the  machinery  for  a  dredge  and  tug. 
Both  the  dredge  and  tug  were  built  after  he  had  resigned  his  position  as  sur- 
veyor general  but  his  ideas  and  plans  were  carried  out  by  his  successor.  Mr. 
Pemberton  also  gave  evidence  of  his  genial  public  spirit  when  he  designed,  sur- 
veyed, constructed  and  presented  to  the  government  the  present  Oak  Bay  avenue 
extending  through  Gonzales,  Mr.  Pemberton's  estate,  which  at  that  time  com- 
prised twelve  hundred  acres.  This  is  but  one  instance  of  his  many  public  bene- 
factions- 

From  1856  until  1859  Mr.  Pemberton  was  a  member  of  the  first  legislative 
assembly  of  Vancouver  island.  He  was  a  member  of  the  executive  council 
of  the  island  and  surveyor  general  from  September,  1859,  to  October,  1864,  when 
he  resigned.  He  was  a  member  of  the  legislative  council  of  Vancouver  island 
from  April.  1864,  to  October  of  that  year.  After  the  union  of  Vancouver  island 
and  British  Columbia  he  was  a  member  of  the  legislative  council  of  British  Col- 
umbia, representing  Victoria  district  during  the  sessions  of  1867  and  1868. 
He  surveyed  the  town  of  Victoria  as  first  mapped  out  and  had  the  first  roads 
in  the  city  and  district  constructed.  His  general  knowledge,  gained  from  his 
exploration  of  the  island,  in  addition  to  his  ready  ability  to  cope  with  any  and 
all  emergencies,  made  him  a  most  valuable  official  and  one  upon  whom  all  relia- 
bility could  be  placed.  A  man  of  accurate  knowledge  of  local  conditions,  he  could 
always  be  depended  upon  for  a  ready  solution  of  any  perplexing  question.  He 
was  also  a  man  of  quick  decision  and  seldom  erred  in  his  judgment. 

In  1858  Mr.  Pemberton  had  laid  out  the  town  of  Derby,  the  then  proposed 
capital  of  British  Columbia,  and  now  a  part  of  Victoria.  He  had  previously 
taken  up  twelve  hundred  acres  of  land,  built  thereon  a  fine  residence  and  made 
other  improvements.  This  is  now  retained  by  the  family.  The  residence  is  sur- 
rounded by  most  beautiful  grounds  and  occupies  a  splendid  location  overlooking 
the  Pacific  ocean.  It  is  a  fine  type  of  old  English  country  home  and  is  indeed 
beautiful.  It  was  to  this  home  that  Mr-  Pemberton  retired  to  lead  the  quiet 
life  of  a  country  gentleman,  only  to  emerge  at  the  call  of  duty.  Passionately 
fond  of  horses,  he  had  great  ability  in  training  them  and  was  a  bold  and  judi- 
cious horseman.  He  also  became  an  extensive  breeder  of  shorthorn  cattle  as  well 
as  Clydesdale  horses  and  was  the  pioneer  in  both  lines  in  his  part  of  the  province. 
The  value  of  his  work  in  introducing  high-grade  stock  at  that  time  is  beyond 
computation.  His  contribution  to  the  material  progress  of  the  province  in  this 
direction  alone  would  seem  to  warrant  a  place  for  him  iq  the  history  of  British 
Columbia. 

In  1864  Mr.  Pemberton  married  Miss  Theresa  Jane  Despard  Grautoff,  a 
native  of  England  but  of  German  lineage.  They  became  the  parents  of  six 
children,  all  natives  of  Victoria,  namely:  Frederick  Bernard,  who  is  mentioned 
at  length  on  another  page  of  this  work:  Joseph  D.,  of  Victoria,  a  surveyor  and 
member  of  the  firm  of  Pemberton  &  Son;  W.  P.  D.,  of  Victoria;  Ada  G., 
the  wife  of  H.  R.  Beaven ;  Sophia  Theresa,  the  wife  of  Canon  Beanlands,  for 
twenty-five  years  rector  of  Christ's  church,  Victoria;  and  Susan  Harriett,  the 
wife  of  William  Curbis  Sampson,  of  Victoria.  In  1887  Mr.  Pemberton  with 
his  son  Frederick  formed  the  firm  of  Pemberton  &  Son. 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  39 

Throughout  his  life  Mr.  Pemberton  was  known  as  a  friend  and  champion  of 
the  cause  of  education,  evidence  of  this  being  found  in  the  fact  that  he  built  the 
first  schooihouse  in  Victoria.  His  death  occurred  very  suddenly,  November  n, 
1893,  and  his  funeral  was  attended  by  the  executive  council  in  a  body  as  well 
as  by  the  mayor  and  board  of  aldermen  and  all  the  professional  and  business 
men  of  the  city-  His  demise  caused  general  grief  and  regret  and  his  passing  has 
been  a  distinct  loss  to  British  Columbia  and  his  beloved  Victoria.  Many  expres- 
sions of  sorrow  and  condolence  were  received  by  the  family  from  all  parts  of 
Canada  and  high  encomiums  were  pronounced  upon  him  by  the  press.  He 
possessed  a  cheery,  sunshiny  nature,  always  inclined  to  optimism  rather  than  pes- 
simism. In  fact  he  was  polished,  gallant  and  courteous  under  all  circumstances— 
a  fine  type  of  the  Irish  gentleman  of  the  old  school.  His  public  spirit  found  ex- 
pression after  his  death  in  the  terms  of  his  will  whereby  Pemberton  Gymnasium 
was  erected  and  presented  to  the  city.  Another  of  his  benefactions  was  the  opera- 
ting theatre  of  the  Jubilee  Hospital.  His  interest  in  religion  was  a  part  of  his 
life  work  for  he  was  always  a  firm  supporter  and  member  of  the  Anglican  church 
and  was  responsible  for  the  erection  of  Christ's  church.  Notwithstanding  his 
life  was  an  intensely  active  and  busy  one  he  ever  found  opportunity  to  aid  in  the 
development  of  British  Columbia  and  his  part  in  the  early  exploration,  growth 
and  improvement  of  the  province  was  a  most  important  one.  Too  great  credit 
cannot  be  given  him  for  his  influence  on  the  social  and  material  development  of 
the  northwest.  He  is  survived  by  hi's  widow  and  their  family,  Mrs.  Pemberton 
now  occupying  the  beautiful  estate  Gonzales,  where  she  spends  her  days  amid 
lovely  surroundings,  enjoying  excellent  health  and  taking  a  keen  interest  in  all 
movements  that  have  for  their  object  the  betterment  of  the  social  and  moral 
conditions  of  the  people. 


JOHN  KYLE,  HON.  A.  R.  C.  A. 

John  Kyle,  an  artist  of  wide  renown  residing  in  Vancouver,  has  for  the  past 
three  years  held  the  highest  position  in  art  work  in  the  province,  having  charge 
of  drawing  in  the  normal  school.  He  has  been  a  prominent  figure  in  educational 
circles,  having  organized  and  served  as  supervisor  of  the  night  schools.  His 
birth  occurred  in  Hawick,  Scotland,  his  parents  being  Andrew  and  Agnes 
(Waugh)  Kyle,  of  that  place.  They  are  still  residents  of  Hawick,  and  the  father 
is  now  living  retired. 

John  Kyle  obtained  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  land 
and  subsequently  attended  the  Royal  College  of  Art  in  London  for  three  years 
and  also  Julian's  Studio  at  Paris,  having  won  scholarships  to  both  institutions. 
The  honors  he  received  include  art  masters'  certificates  on  groups  one  and  four, 
and  almost  complete  on  groups  two  and  three.  He  was  a  medalist  and  prize 
winner  in  national  competition,  obtaining  fifteen  prizes  for  design,  modeling, 
painting,  etc.  His  studies  embraced  drawing  from  life,  drawing  from  antique, 
drawing  antique  from  memory,  modeling  from  life,  modeling  from  antique, 
modeling  design,  anatomy,  principles  of  ornament,  painting  from  still  life,  paint- 
ing ornament,  perspective,  architecture,  geometry  and  building  construction 
(advanced).  For  a  period  of  four  years  he  was  engaged  at  Huddersfield,  Eng- 
land, as  head  assistant  in  the  art  department  of  the  Technical  College.  The 
principal  writes  of  him  as  follows :  "I  have  much  pleasure  in  stating  that  Mr.  J. 
Kyle  has  been  head  assistant  lecturer  in  the  art  department  of  the  college  for  nearly 
four  sessions.  He  has  in  all  respects  acquitted  himself  admirably  of  the  various 
duties  entrusted  to  him.  He  has  lectured  on  anatomy,  figure  drawing,  principles  of 
ornament,  etc.,  and  taught  modelling  and  still  life  painting,  as  well  as  taught  in  the 
pupil  teachers'  classes.  *  *  *  As  a  colleague  Mr.  Kyle  will  be  found  most 
courteous,  and  I  recommend  him  without  the  slightest  hesitation  or  reserve,  feel- 
ing quite  certain  that  you  will  obtain  no  better  candidate.  I  should  hear  of  Mr. 


40  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Kyle's  success  with  even  greater  pleasure  but  for  the  loss  which  I  shall  suffer 
here." 

Mr.  George  Marples,  A.  R.  C.  A.,  says:  "Mr.  Kyle  can  maintain  discipline 
without  being  a  martinet;  the  good  feeling  here  among  his  students  was  not 
only  proof  of  their  appreciation  of  his  efforts  as  a  teacher,  but  of  his  tactfulness 
in  his  general  dealings  with  them.  *  *  *"  Mr.  Kyle  took  charge  of  and  organ- 
ized the  art  work  in  the  public  schools  and  established  an  art  school  at 'Alloa, 
Scotland,  where  he  remained  for  two  years.  Alexander  J.  Mullan,  convener 
of  Alloa  Academy  and  Alloa  continuation  classes,  under  date  of  October  17, 
1904,  wrote  as  follows :  "I  have  pleasure  in  certifying  that  Mr.  Kyle  has  been  in 
the  service  of  the  Alloa  burgh  school  board  for  the  last  two  years.  During 
that  time  he  has  acted  as  organizing  art  master  for  all  our  schools.  In  this 
capacity  he  has  been  particularly  successful.  He  has  also  had  full  charge  of 
the  continuation  classes — art  subjects — and  there  has  likewise  given  entire  sat- 
isfaction. Either  as  an  organizer  or  teacher  we  could  not  have,  nor  do  we 
desire,  any  one  better  or  more  enthusiastic.  His  views  on  educational  ideals 
are  sound,  and  he  has  the  necessary  ability  to  put  these  ideas  into  practical- 
shape.  While,  therefore,  I  will  regret  exceedingly  his  departure  from  Alloa, 
I  have  no  hesitation  in  recommending  him  for  the  situation — organizing  art 
master — he  is  now  applying  for." 

In  April,  1906,  Mr.  Kyle  came  to  Vancouver,  British  Columbia,  as  super- 
intendent of  drawing  in  the  Vancouver  public  schools,  holding  that  position 
for  four  years.  On  the  expiration  of  that  period  he  took  charge  of  drawing 
in  the  normal  school  and  this  position,  which  is  the  most  important  in  art  work 
in  the  province,  he  has  held  to  the  present  time.  While  acting  as  superintendent 
of  drawing  in  the  public  schools,  in  the  fall  of  1909,  he  organized  the  night 
schools  on  all  subjects.  The  work  was  begun  with  four  hundred  pupils,  and 
there  are  now  over  two  thousand  students  who  attend  the  evening  classes  dur- 
ing six  months  of  each  year.  Mr.  Kyle  has  annually  served  as  supervisor  of 
the  night  schools  and  his  labors  in  this  connection  have  been  far-reaching 
effect  and  importance. 

Mr.  Kyle  is  financially  interested  in  and  a  director  of  the  British  Pacific 
Trust  Company,  Limited.  He  is  a  director  of  the  Art,  Historical  and  Scientific 
Society  of  Vancouver,  a  member  of  the  British  Columbia  Society  of  Fine  Arts 
and  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association.  As  an  artist  he  has  won  deserved 
and  enviable  recognition,  and  his  name  has  long  been  an  honored  one  in  both 
educational  and  art  circles  of  British  Columbia. 


STEPHEN  TINGLEY. 

Among  the  most  notable  of  the  pioneer  residents  of  Yale  is  numbered  Stephen 
Tingley,  living  retired  after  thirty  years  of  close  identification  with  the  business 
interests  of  the  community.  He  was  born  at  Fort  Cumberland,  New  Brunswick, 
September  13,  1839,  and  is  a  son  of  Caleb  and  Deborah  Tingley.  His  education 
was  acquired  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  city  and  he  remained  at  home 
until  he  was  nineteen  years  of  age,  in  which  year  he  started  for  California, 
journeying  by  way  of  the  isthmus  of  Panama  to  San  Francisco  and  locating  in 
the  Golden  State  in  1858,  before  the  construction  of  an  overland  railroad.  In 
1861  he  removed  to  Yale  and  began  prospecting  and  mining  but  engaged  in  it 
only  a  short  time,  later  going  to  the  Cariboo.  He  was  obliged  to  walk  the  entire 
distance  of  over  six  hundred  miles  from  Esquimalt  to  the  Cariboo,  his  difficulties 
being  augmented  by  the  weight  of  one  hundred  pounds  of  provisions  which  he 
carried.  He  mined  for  two  seasons  and  afterward  joined  F.  J.  Barnard  in  the 
operation  of  the  first  mail  coach  between  Fort  Yale  and  Richfield.  He  started 
in  this  business  in  1864  and  later  purchased  his  partner's  interest,  conducting 
the  enterprise  alone  for  over  thirty  years,  after  which  he  sold  out  and"  retired, 


STEPHEN  TINGLEY 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  43 

making  his  home  in  Ashcroft.  As  a  business  man  he  has  been  conspicuous  among 
his  associates  not  only  for  his  success  but  for  his  probity  and  fairness  and  his 
honorable  methods. 

Mr.  Tingley  has  been  twice  married.  By  his  first  union  he  had  two  sons, 
Clarence  and  Fred,  both  of  whom  live  in  Vancouver.  In  1877  he  married  Miss 
Pauline  Lewmeister,  of  Victoria,  and  they  have  two  daughters:  Mrs.  Vincent,  of 
Calgary,  Alberta;  and  Mrs.  E.  G.  Thompson,  of  Westminster.  Fraternally  Mr. 
Tingley  is  affiliated  with  the  Masonic  order.  He  is  numbered  among  the  real 
pioneers  in  this  section  of  the  country  and  has  witnessed  its  entire  growth,  expan- 
sion and  development.  He  can  remember  clearly  when  the  evidences  of  pioneer 
life  were  many  and  he  has  seen  them  replaced  by  those  of  advanced  civilization. 
In  this  work  he  has  borne  an  honorable  and  important  part  and  his  active  life 
has  left  a  distinct  impress  upon  local  history. 


JOHN  G.  ULLOCK. 

John  G.  Ullock,  controlling  important  real-estate  brokerage  interests  in  Van- 
couver and  further  connected  with  the  business  life  of  the  city  as  secretary 
of  the  Great  West  Sand  &  Gravel  Company,  Limited,  was  born  in  lilack  River, 
New  Brunswick,  September  17,  1861.  He  is  a  son  of  Jeremiah  and  Annie 
(McMaster)  Ullock,  natives  of  that  province,  the  former  the  proprietor  of  a 
large  grist  and  carding  mill  and  an  extensive  lumber  business  at  I  Slack  River. 
He  had  also  many  other  important  commercial  interests  there  and  was  a  well 
known  and  prominent  citizen.  Both  parents  have  passed  away. 

John  G.  Ullock  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  and  high  schools  of  his 
native  city  and  remained  there  until  he  was  nineteen  years  of  age,  when  he 
went  to  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Soon  afterward  he  engaged  in  the  mercantile 
business  at  Jack  Fish  Bay,  on  Lake  Superior,  and  later  was  interested  along 
the  same  line  at  Schreiber,  Ontario.  He  came  in  1898  to  British  Columbia  and 
settled  in  Golden,  where  he  purchased  the  Kootenay  House,  which  he  operated 
for  two  years,  selling  it  in  order  to  purchase  the  Columbia  House.  This  he 
managed  from  1900  to  1907  and  he  made  it  during  that  time  one  of  the  modern 
and  profitable  hotels  in  the  city.  In  the  latter  year  he  disposed  of  his  interest 
in  it  and  came  to  Vancouver,  turning  his  attention  to  the  real-estate  brokerage 
business,  in  which  he  is  still  active,  having  secured  a  profitable  and  representa- 
tive patronage 'as  his  knowledge  of  land  values  and  his  high  business  integrity 
became  generally  known  and  recognized.  Xaturally  Mr.  Ullock  has  been  car- 
ried forward  into  important  relations  with  business  life  in  this  city,  for  his 
ability  commands  opportunities  of  which  his  energy  and  resourcefulness  make 
the  best  possible  use.  In  May,  1911,  in  cooperation  with  W.  H.  Meikle  and 
Charles  Cartwright  he  aided  in  the  organization  of  the  Great  West  Sand  & 
Gravel  Company,  Limited,  with  offices  in  Vancouver  and  North  Vancouver  and 
with  docks  and  bunkers  in  the  latter  city.  Mr.  Ullock  is  secretary  of  this 
concern  and  in  this  position  his  excellent  demonstrative  and  organizing  ability 
has  been  called  forth,  much  of  the  rapid  expansion  and  development  of  the 
business  being  due  to  him.  In  1912  the  company  added  a  coal  department  and 
this  branch  has  already  proven  profitable  and  important.  Since  1907,  Mr. 
Ullock  has  in  his  private  capacity  controled  large  timber  interests  on  the  main- 
land and  on  Vancouver  island  and  he  is  constantly  extending  the  field  of  his 
activities,  his  powers  developing  with  the  passing  years. 

In  January,  1900,  Mr.  Ullock  was  united  in  marriage  in  Fort  William, 
Ontario,  to  Miss  Annie  Doyle,  of  North  Bay,  that  province,  and  they  have  two 
children,  Alice  McMaster  and  Jack  Findlay.  Mr.  Ullock  was  captain  of  the 
Rifle  Association  at  Golden  and  while  a  resident  of  that  city  did  a  great  deal  of 
rifle  and  trap  shooting,  being  considered  one  of  the  best  shots  in  the  community, 
and  won  many  valuable  medals.  Although  he  is  a  fine  target  shot  he  is  espe- 


44  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

cially  fond  of  bear  and  of  all  kinds  of  wild-game  hunting  and  has  spent  a  great 
many  of  his  leisure  hours  in  this  sport.  He  is  in  addition  a  noted  curler  and 
has  won  many  prizes  for  proficiency  in  this  art.  He  is  one  of  the  officers  of  the 
Vancouver  Curling  Club  and  was  an /organizer  of  the  Bonspiel  which  took 
place  in  this  city  in  the  winter  of  1912-13.  It  proved  a  great  success,  two  hun- 
dred visitors  from  outside  the  municipality  making  it  the  largest  affair  of  this 
kind  in  Canada  with  the  exception  of  that  held  in  Winnipeg. 

Mr.  Ullock  is  a  conservative  in  his  political  beliefs  and  is  connected  fra- 
ternally with  Mountain  Lodge,  No.  13,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  which  he  is  a  past 
master.  He  belongs  to  the  Terminal  City  Club.  A  man  of  broad  views,  pro- 
gressive ideas  and  modern  standards,  his  influence  has  been  felt  as  a  construc- 
tive force  in  the  development  of  the  institutions  with  which  he  is  connected  and 
indirectly  in  the  promotion  of  general  business  activity  in  the  city.  Business 
men  respect  him  for  his  reliability,  his  integrity  and  his  enterprising  spirit  and 
in  social  relations  his  sterling  traits  of  character  have  drawn  to  him  many  friends. 


JOHN  JARDINE. 

•  John  Jardine,  of  Esquimalt,  Victoria,  British  Columbia,  now  lives  retired  in 
his  beautiful  home,  "Ellerslie,"  on  the  water  front,  enjoying  peace  and  rest  after 
an  active  career  and  a  round  of  ceaseless  activity  in  the  interests  of  the  province 
and  his  city.  Not  only  did  he  do  valuable  work  in  the  provincial  parliament,  but 
took  an  active  part  in  settling  labor  questions  as  member  of  the  Royal  Commission 
of  Labor,  and  did  efficient  work  as  member  of  the  Board  of  Trade  in  improving 
shipping  and  harbor  conditions  at  Victoria.  John  Jardine  was  born  in  Lockerbie, 
Dumfriesshire,  Scotland,  September  24,  1854,  a  son  of  John  and  Janet  (Mont- 
gomery) Jardine,  botli  of  that  shire.  The  father  was  prominent  in  the  indus- 
trial life  of  his  district,  where  he  was  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  nails.  Both 
parents  spent  their  entire  lives  in  Scotland,  where  they  passed  away. 

John  Jardine  was  educated  in  the  parish  school  of  Dryfesdale,  his  head  master 
being  Alexander  Ferguson.  Upon  leaving  the  schoolroom  he  learned  the  trade  of 
house  painter  under  his  eldest  brother,  Thomas,  serving  an  apprenticeship  of  five 
years.  He  then  followed  his  trade  in  his  native  country  for  about  three  years,  but 
being  impressed  with  the  stories  which  reached  him  of  opportunities  which  the 
North  American  northwest  held  out,  he  crossed  the  Atlantic  in  July,  1880,  going  to 
St.  Paul  and  living  there  until  1884,  when  he  came  to  Victoria.  Here  he  continued 
to  follow  his  trade  continuously  until  1907.  His  implicit  faith  and  confidence  in  this 
great  province  is  demonstrated  by  his  investments,  which  are  all  purely  local.  He 
has  a  fine  ranch  located  on  the  British  Columbia  electric  line,  near  Langley,  at 
Jardine,  which  station  was  named  in  his  honor.  However,  he  has  never  resided 
upon  his  property,  leaving  its  operation  to  others.  He  purchased  the  ranch  not 
many  years  after  his  arrival  in  Victoria  from  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company.  From 
the  same  company  he  obtained  in  May,  1901,  the  site  of  his  beautiful  home, 
"Ellerslie,"  which  he  built  in  the  beginning  of  this  century.  This  site  permits  of 
a  magnificent  view,  embracing  the  parliament  buildings,  the  lieutenant  governor's 
residence,  and  places  of  interest  in  all  parts  of  Victoria.  However,  the  most  last- 
ing impression  one  receives  from  this  site  is  the  view  of  Victoria's  harbor  and  the 
ocean,  with  the  ships  sailing  and  steaming  to  and  from  practically  every  port  of  the 
world,  the  busy  harbor  life  emphasized  by  heavily  loaded  lighters,  capacious  ten- 
ders, swiftly  moving  launches  and  hundreds  of  pleasure  craft. 

On  July  5,  1880,  Mr.  Jardine  was  married,  in  Cumberland,  England,  to  Miss 
Jane  King  Stoddart,  of  Lockerbie,  Scotland.  Mr.  Jardine  has  ever  taken  an  active 
and  most  laudable  part  in  promoting  the  interests  of  the  province  and  city.  On 
October  3,  1903,  he  contested  the  Esquimalt  electoral  district  but  was  defeated  by 
fifteen  votes.  On  February  23,  1907,  he  again  entered  the  field  as  a  candidate 
and  through  the  combination  vote  of  the  liberal  and  labor  parties  was  carried  to 


JOHN  JARDINE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  47 

success.  His  term  in  the  provincial  house  was  of  benefit  to  his  constituents  and 
productive  of  desirable  results.  Although  always  inclined  toward  the  liberal  party, 
Mr.  Tardine  is  never  narrowly  partisan  but  preserves  a  commendable  independence 
of  view.  He  is  a  stanch  supporter  of  the  McBride  and  present  government.  Al- 
though the  underlying  principles  of  the  Christian  religion  have  guided  him  in  all 
his  actions,  he  has  never  seen  fit  to  ally  himself  with  any  denomination  and  pre- 
serves an  equally  free  and  independent  thought  as  regards  religious  observances. 
Several  years  ago  Mr.  Jardine  contested  for  a  seat  in  the  city  council  to  represent 
the  south  ward  and  at  that  time  drew  the  attention  of  the  public  to  the  necessity 
for  a  breakwater  from  Holland  Point  to  Brochie  Edge.  For  the  purpose  of  fur- 
ther impressing  this  need  upon  the  minds  of  the  public,  he  became  a  member  of 
the  Board  of  Trade,  in  which  connection  he  was  more  likely  to  impress  his  views 
upon  prominent  men.  He  is  still  a  member  of  this  organization.  He  is  partic- 
ularly active  in  all  things  pertaining  to  the  welfare  and  judicious  development  of  the 
part  of  the  city  in  which  he  resides.  He  has  unshakable  confidence  in  Victoria 
and  its  future  as  a  residential  city,  as  a  commercial  center,  and  as  a  sreat  harbor. 
Moreover,  he  entertains  the  same  views  towards  the  whole  province,  and  no  doubt 
the  great  empire  which  he  sees  in  his  mind's  eye  rising  in  the  northwest  will  be  a 
realized  fact  before  many  years.  Mr.  Jardine  is  also  interested  in  the  labor  situa- 
tion and  has  done  able  work  as  a  member  of  the  Royal  Labor  Commission.  His 
activities  from  every  point  of  view  have  been  largely  beneficial  to  the  province, 
and  while  he  has  attained  individual  success  his  exertions  on  behalf  of  the  public 
good  cannot  be  too  highly  valued. 


GEORGE  FREDERICK  BALDWIN. 

Vancouver  numbers  among  its  most  able,  efficient  and  far-sighted  public 
servants  George  Frederick  Baldwin,  now  acting  as  city  comptroller,  his  election 
to  this  office  following  signally  able  work  in  various  other  important  capacities 
and  a  career  in  the  public  service  extending  from  the  time  of  the  incorporation 
of  the  city.  He  was  born  in  New  Brunswick,  January  10,  1850,  and  is  a  son  of 
Thomas  and  Jane  (Acheson)  Baldwin,  the  former  a  native  of  England  and  the 
latter  of  Ireland.  In  1850  they  removed  to  Haldimand  county,  Ontario,  and- 
there  the  father  engaged  in  farming  and  lumbering,  occupations  which  he  fol- 
lowed for  the  remainder  of  his  life,  his  death  occurring  in  Ontario. 

In  the  acquirement  of  an  education  George  Frederick  Baldwin  attended 
public  school  in  Ontario  and  afterward  completed  the  course  in  Woodstock 
College,  that  province.  After  his  graduation  he  became  a  teacher  in  the 
public  schools  of  Ontario  and  Manitoba  and  followed  this  occupation  until  1884, 
when  he  went  to  Victoria,  engaging  in  that  city  in  journalism  and  becoming 
one  of  the  first  reporters  on  the  Times.  After  one  year  he  moved  to  Vancouver 
and  upon  the  incorporation  of  the  city  was  appointed  first  assessment  commis- 
sioner, tax  collector  and  city  treasurer,  beginning  thus  a  career  in  public  life 
which  has  been  varied  in  service  and  faultless  in  honor.  He  retained  all  three 
positions  to  which  he  was  first  appointed  until  1905,  when  a  separate  department 
was  formed  for  the  assessment  work.  However,  Mr.  Baldwin  continued  as 
treasurer  and  tax  collector  until  1907,  when  he  was  appointed  city  comptroller, 
which  office  he  still  holds,  proving  his  loyalty,  public  spirit  and  business  ability 
in  the  able  discharge  of  his  important  duties.  He  has  been  active  in  the  public 
service  since  the  incorporation  of  the  city  and  is  one  of  the  few  who  have  been  so 
long  connected  with  municipal  affairs.  He  was  elected  a  member  of  the 
first  school  board  of  Vancouver,  serving  for  seven  years,  and  in  that  capacity, 
as  in  all  others,  proved  his  executive  ability  and  his  civic  spirit.  He  is  treasurer 
for  1913  of  the  Vancouver  Exhibition  Association  and  takes  a  great  deal  of  inter- 
est in  this  work,  as  he  does  in  everything  tending  to  promote  the  best  interests 
of  the  city. 


48  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

In  Tacoma,  Washington,  Mr.  Baldwin  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Minnie 
L.  Higgins,  of  Wolfville,  Nova  Scotia,  and  they  are  the  parents  of  two  sons, 
Harold  R.,  a  clerk  in  the  city  hall  in  Vancouver,  and  Sidney  G.,  who  is  studying 
medicine  at  McGill  University.  Mr.  Baldwin  is  connected  with  the  Ancient 
Order  of  United  Workmen  and  is  a  member  of  the  Terminal  City  Club.  He 
is  one  of  the  few  men  who  have  served  the  city  of  Vancouver  since  its  incorpora- 
tion and  during  the  time  his  work  has  been  able,  energetic  and  of  lasting  quality 
— the  work  of  a  public-spirited,  able  and  progressive  citizen  who  is  also  a 
capable,  reliable  and  far-sighted  business  man. 


THOMAS  McNEELY. 

The  loss  to  the  province  of  Thomas  McNeely  of  Ladner,  who  died  in  Septem- 
ber, 1900,  in  his  sixty-fourth  year,  will  long  be  keenly  felt  by  the  many  who  knew 
him. 

Mr.  McXecly  was  born  in  Durham  county,  Ontario,  in  1836,  and  received  his 
education  in  the  place  of  his  nativity.  His  parents  were  John  and  Catharine 
(Reid)  AFcXeely,  of  Donegal,  Ireland,  who  came  to  this  country  in  about  1835, 
settling  in  Ontario. 

Early  in  life  Thomas  McNeely  learned  the  trade  of  millwright,  which  he 
followed  in  Ontario  for  several  years.  In  1880  he  came  to  New  Westminster  and 
started  to  work  in  his  trade  as  a  builder.  He  built  the  old  Dominion  Saw  Mills, 
now  the  Royal  City  Planing  Mills.  He  also  found  employment  in  connection  with 
the  big  sawmills  at  Hastings  and  Moodyville,  installing  the  machinery  there.  For 
several  years  he  was  general  manager  for  Thomas  Dean  in  the  then  leading  lines 
of  trade  on  the  site  of  the  business  establishment  now  owned  by  T.  J.  Trapp  & 
Company.  He  afterward  went  into  business  for  himself  at  Yale,  British  Colum- 
bia, where  he  was  burned  out,  after  which  he  returned  to  Ladner  and  entered  into 
business  connections  with  the  late  Donald  Chisholm,  M.  P.  He  subsequently 
opened  a  hotel  at  Ladner.  Here,  his  business  prospered,  and  he  soon  became  the 
owner  of  one  of  the  largest  general  stores  in  the  whole  province.  He  also  added  to 
his  estate  a  splendid  farm,  the  Jubilee  Ranch,  on  which  he  erected  a  large  and  well 
appointed  residence.  With  the  exception  of  a  short  time  spent  in  Yale,  he  was 
a  resident  of  the  Delta  for  twenty  years  and  was  recognized  as  one  of  the  main- 
stays of  the  Delta  municipality,  in  the  development  of  which  he  took  an  active 
part. 

On  September  18,  1893,  was  celebrated  the  marriage  of  Thomas  McNeely  and 
Miss  Annie  Chisholm,  a  daughter  of  Duncan  and  Isabelle  (Chisholm)  Chisholm, 
both  natives  of  Nova  Scotia.  Mrs.  McNeely  is  a  niece  of  the  late  Donald  Chis- 
holm, M.  P.  and  pioneer,  of  whom  further  mention  is  made  in  this  work. 

Mr.  McNeely  was  a  prominent  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity  and  was  held 
in  high  esteem  by  the  brethren  of  the  mystic  tie.  He  was  a  man  of  great  activity, 
liberal-minded  and  of  a  kindly  disposition  and  revered  by  all  with  whom  he  came 
in  contact. 


REGINALD  JOHN  RICKMAN. 

As  local  manager  of  the  British  Columbia  Mills  at  New  Westminster  Regi- 
nald John  Rickman  occupies  an  important  position  in  commercial  circles  of 
the  city,  having  been  connected  for  thirty  years  with  the  same  industrial  enter- 
prise. Born  in  Birkenhead,  Cheshire,  England,  on  November  9,  1852,  he  is 
a  son  of  Samuel  and  Kate  (Throp)  Rickman.  the  former  a  well  known  mer- 
chant of  Liverpool,  England,  in  which  city  both  he  and  his  wife  made  their 
home  until  their  demise. 


THOMAS  McXEELY 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  51 

Reginald  J.  Rickman  was  educated  at  Brewood,  in  the  grammar  school, 
in  Staffordshire,  England,  and  at  about  the  age  of  sixteen  began  his  apprentice- 
ship in  merchandising  in  Liverpool,  where  he  served  his  time  and  was  subse- 
quently employed  as  salesman  until  1882,  when  he  decided  to  seek  the  greater 
opportunities  of  Canada  and  came  to  British  Columbia.  Here  he  found  employ- 
ment with  John  Hendry  in  the  Royal  City  Planing  Mills  at  New  Westminster, 
which  enterprise  has  since  become  known  as  the  British  Columbia  Mills.  He 
has  been  continuously  identified  with  this  institution,  having  risen  from  a 
minor  position  to  that  of  cashier,  in  which  capacity  he  did  able  work  for  twenty 
years.  In  1906  he  was  made  manager  of  the  Xew  Westminster  branch  of  this 
vast  concern.  His  wide  experience  makes  him  especially  valuable  to  the  firm 
and  his  long  connection  with  the  same  concern  speaks  well  for  his  high  per- 
ception of  his  duties.  Representing  an  important  industrial  institution,  he  has 
become  one  of  the  foremost  men  in  the  business  life  of  Xew  Westminster  and 
is  greatly  respected  by  all  who  know  him  and  often  consulted  upon  questions 
that  involve  local  industrial  or  commercial  conditions. 

In  1889  Mr:  Rickman  was  married  to  Miss  Anna  Wilson  Homer,  third 
daughter  of  the  late  J.  A.  R.  Homer,  a  member  of  the  first  provincial  parlia- 
ment and  also  representing  New  Westminster  in  the  Dominion  house.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Rickman  became  the  parents  of  three  children,  of  whom  two  survive, 
Alice  M.  and  Vyvian,  both  at  home.  Wilfred  R.  lias  passed  away. 

Mr.  Rickman  gives  his  political  allegiance  to  the  conservative  party,  taking 
a  deep  interest  in  all  issues  that  affect  the  government.  He  has  an  interesting 
military  record  to  his  credit,  having  been  a  member  of  the  Volunteers,  the  Xew 
Westminster  Rifles,  and  was  a  lieutenant  of  his  company.  He  also  is  musically 
inclined  and  interested  in  athletics.  Fraternally  he  is  a  member  of  Union  Lodge, 
No.  9  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  the  first  Masonic  lodge  on  the  mainland  in  British  Col- 
umbia, this  lodge  celebrating  its  fiftieth  anniversary  in  1912.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Church  of  England  and  a  charter  member  of  the  New  Westminster  Club. 
He  has  become  a  forceful  element  in  his  community,  having  participated  in  its 
growth  for  thirty  years,  and  is  highly  respected  and  regarded  by  all  who 
know  him.  By  masterful  effort  he  has  attained  to  a  prominent  position  and 
there  is  no  one  who  more  justly  merits  success  than  Mr.  Rickman. 


JAMES  HILL  LAWSON,  JR. 

James  Hill  Lawson,  practicing  at  the  Vancouver  bar,  a  member  of  the  firm- 
Df  Bodwell  &  Lawson,  was  born  in  Victoria,  September  24,  1875,  and  the  spirit 
of  enterprise,  which  has  been  the  dominant  factor  in  the  upbuilding  in  this 
section  of  the  country,  find  expression  in  his  professional  career.  His  parents 
were  James  Hill  and  Ann  Jennet  (Macdonald)  Lawson,  the  former  a  native  of 
Dundee,  Scotland,  and  the  latter  of  England.  They  came  to  Canada  in  1862, 
;oon  afterward  met  and  were  married  in  Victoria.  For  thirty  years  the  father 
was  in  the  employ  of  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  and  spent  the  greater  part  of 
.hat  time  in  Victoria.  He  is  now  vice  president  of  the  firm  of  R.  P.  Rithet  & 
Company  of  Victoria. 

In  the  public  schools  of  his  native  city  and  of  Winnipeg  James  H.  Lawson, 
fr.,  pursued  his  education,  and  in  1892  was  articled  to  Judge  Irving,  then  a 
nember  of  the  firm  of  Bodwell  &  Irving,  of  Victoria.  His  thorough  and  com- 
prehensive preliminary  reading  qualified  him  for  admission  to  the  bar,  to  which 
ic  was  called  in  1897.  Immediately  afterward  he  engaged  in  practice  and  the 
irm  is  now  known  as  Bodwell  &  Lawson,  a  partnership  having  been  formed 
vith  Mr.  Bodwell,  the  partner  of  Mr.  Lawson's  preceptor.  They  maintain 
offices  in  both  Victoria  and  Vancouver  and  for  the  past  two  and  a  half  years 
VIr.  Lawson  has  been  in  charge  of  the  Vancouver  office.  The  practice  is  a 
growing  one  and  has  already  reached  extensive  proportions,  and  in  the  work  of 


52  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

the  court  Mr.  Lawson  has  proven  himself  able  to  cope  with  difficult  legal  prob- 
lems and  find  for  them  a  correct  solution. 

Mr.  Lawson  is  well  known  and  popular  in  various  social  organizations,  hold- 
ing membership  with  the  Native  Sons  of  British  Columbia,  the  Vancouver 
Club,  the  Shaughnessy  Heights  Golf  and  Country  Club,  the  Union  Club  of 
Victoria,  and  the  Victoria  Golf  and  Country  Club.  He  is  also  a  member  of 
St.  Andrew's  Presbyterian  church  of  Victoria.  In  the  two  leading  cities  of  the 
province  he  is  well  known  and  has  a  circle  of  friends  almost  coextensive  with 
the  circle  of  his  acquaintance. 

HON.  JAMES  DUNSMUIR. 

No  name  is  more  inseparably  connected  with  the  history  of  the  develop- 
ment of  British  Columbia  than  that  of  Dunsmuir — indeed,  it  would  not  be  too 
much  to  say  that  the  progress  of  events  in  this,  the  greatest  and  richest  province 
in  the  Dominion,  would  have  been  stayed  to  a  very  considerable  extent,  had  not 
fate  willed,  that  one  Robert  Dunsmuir,  now  deceased,  the  revered  father  of  the 
subject  of  this  sketch,  should  have  been  called  upon  to  play  a  very  important 
part  in  shaping  its  fortunes.  What  Lord  Strathcona  has  done  for  Canada  on  a 
large  scale,  he  accomplished  for  British  Columbia.  He  it  was  who  inaugurated 
the  great  coal-mining  industry ;  and  who  having  amassed  great  wealth,  turned 
his  attention  in  a  variety  of  ways  towards  the  development  of  the  resources  of 
the  land  of  his  adoption.  A  Scotsman,  possessed  of  all  the  sterling  traits  of 
character  which  have  made  his  countrymen  foremost  in  all  lines  of  endeavor 
the  world  over,  he  applied  his  energy  and  his  genius  to  the  creation  of  large 
industries  on  Vancouver  island.  Coal  mining  and  lumbering  engaged  his  atten- 
tion to  a  very  considerable  extent,  and  the  magnitude  which  those  industries 
have  attained  at  the  present  time  can  be  set  down  to  his  initiative.  He  it  was, 
also,  who  took  the  first  practical  steps  towards  the  opening  up  of  the  splendid 
territory  of  Vancouver  island,  building  a  line  of  railway  to  connect  Victoria  with 
the  mines  at  Nanaimo,  and  this  at  a  time  when  there  was  little  inducement  for 
such  an  undertaking,  which  involved  vast  expenditure.  Though  he  had  attained 
a  ripe  age  at  the  time  of  his  death,  there  can  be  no  doubt  had  he  lived  a  short 
time  longer  he  would  have  accomplished  even  more  for  it  is  well  known  that  in 
his  brain  there  had  matured  plans  for  giving  Vancouver  island  direct  connection 
by  rail  with  the  mainland  and  that  the  necessary  capital  had  all  been  subscribed 
for  such  enterprise. 

Possessing  such  a  father  it  is  not  at  all  surprising  that  Hon.  James  Dunsmuir 
should  have  so  worthily  upheld  the  family  tradition.  He  enjoyed  the  advantage 
of  receiving  direct  instructions  from  the  founder  of  the  family  fortunes;  and 
with  commendable  pluck  applied  himself  to  a  mastery  of  all  the  details  of  the 
immense  business,  and  with  such  success  that  on  the  death  of  his  father  he  was 
enabled  to  conduct  all  the  vast  enterprises  and  bring  them  to  fruition. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  born  at  Fort  Vancouver,  Washington,  on 
July  8,  1851,  his  mother  also  being  a  woman  of  sterling  Scotch  family,  Johanna 
White  (now  deceased).  James  was  educated  at  Nanaimo,  the  scene  of  his  father's 
coal-mining  operations,  and  at  Hamilton  College — a  military  institute  at  Black- 
burg,  Virginia,  at  the  latter  point  meeting  the  lady  who  afterwards  became 
his  wife,  Laura,  daughter  of  W.  B.  Swales.  They  were  married  at  Fayettes- 
vilie,  North  Carolina,  in  1876. 

Subsequently,  his  education  having  been  completed,  James  returned  to  -Van- 
couver island,  and  at  once  plunged  into  the  management,  with  his  father,  of  the 
coal-mining  business  which  was  beginning  to  assume  huge  proportions.'  Here 
he  gained  very  valuable  practical  experience  working  down  in  the  mines  with 
the  men  who  were  digging  coal.  As  the  years  passed  the  management  of  the 
business  passed  more  and  more  into  his  hands,  and  ultimately  he  became  the 


HON.  JAMES  DUNSMU1R 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  55 

directing  head  of  all  the  vast  Dunsmuir  interests  on  the  coast,  which  consisted  of 
:oal  mines,  logging  camps,  steamships,  tow  boats,  etc. 

Hon.  James  Dunsmuir  has  also  had  a  most  interesting  political  career,  lie 
;at  f or  East  Yale  (Local)  Conservative  interests  from  1898  to  1902;  was  premier 
>f  the  province  of  British  Columbia  and  president  of  the  council  from  1900  to 
t9O2;and  lieutenant-governor  of  the  province,  1906  to  1909.  At  a  critical  period 
n  the  history  of  the  province,  when  the  management  of  its  public  affairs  had 
jroved  most  unsatisfactory,  he  was  summoned  by  his  honor,  the  lieutenant- 
governor,  and  asked  to  form  a  government  in  succession  to  Hon.  Joseph  Martin, 
.vho  had  unsuccessfully  essayed  the  attempt  of  forming  a  stable  administration. 
VEr.  Dunsmuir  was  then  the  member  for  East  Yale,  which  he  represented  from 
1898  until  1902,  the  year  of  his  relinquishment  of  the  premiership  which  he  had 
accepted  two  years  previously. 

Other  phases  of   Mr.   Dunsmuir's   career  are   equally   interesting.     He  built 
he  splendid   traffic  bridge  across   the   Eraser   river  at    New   Westminster,   and 
icgotiated  the  transaction  which  ended  in  the  Esquimalt   &  Nanaimo  Railway 
>eing  acquired  by  the  Canadian   Pacific  Railway.     This  was  in  the  year   1905. 
Hie  is  one  of  the  most  extensive  landowners  in  the  province,  is  a  director  of  the 
•Canadian  Pacific  Railway  and  devotes  most  of  his  time  at  present  to  the  man- 
agement of  his  large  private  interests. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dunsmuir  had  the  honor  of  being  presented  to  the  present 
Cing  and  Queen  and  entertained  them  in  Victoria  in  1901.  They  were  again 
presented  to  Their  Majesties  in  1902  and  were  present  by  invitation  at  the 
coronation  of  King  Edward  and  Queen  Alexandra  in  Westminster  Abbey  in 
August  of  the  same  year.  They  were  presented  to  Their  Majesties  at  Windsor 
Castle  in  1908  and  later,  while  cruising  abroad,  had  the  pleasure  of  an  exchange 
•of  visits  with  His  Majesty,  the  German  Emperor,  aboard  the  Imperial  and  Air. 
Dunsmuir's  yachts. 

Mr.  Dunsmuir  has  been  a  generous  contributor  to  all  public  and  private 
movements  of  a  worthy  character.  He  gave  ten  thousand  dollars  to  the  Sana- 
sorium  for  Consumptives  and  added  a  large  sum  to  the  endowment  of  McGill 
University.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian  church  and  his  clubs  are  the 
IJnion  at  Victoria  and  the  Vancouver  at  Vancouver. 


ALEXANDER  JACKSON  MAcLACHLAN,  M.  D.,  C.  M. 

Dr.  Alexander  Jackson  MacLachlan  is  recognized  as  one  of  the  rising  young 
physicians  of  Vancouver,  having  already  attained  a  position  of  prominence  that 
nany  an  older  member  of  the  profession  might  well  envy.  He  was  born  at 
Blenheim,  Kent  county,  Ontario,  September  30,  1881,  and  is  a  son  of  Donald 
ind  Amelia  (Jackson)  MacLachlan,' the  former  a  native  of  Argyleshire,  Scot- 
land, and  the  latter  of  Blenheim,  Ontario.  The  maternal  grandfather,  John 
Jackson,  born  in  1799,  came  from  County  Armagh,  Ireland,  to  the  new  world, 
fettling  in  Kent  county,  Ontario.  He  went  to  Rondeau  Harbor  in  1816  and 
i  little  later  built  the  first  store  and  sawmill  four  miles  west  of  Rondeau  Har- 
tor.  The  town  was  named  Blenheim.  The  store  building  which  he  erected  is 
ftill  standing  there.  He  was  closely  and  actively  associated  with  the  commer- 
cial and  industrial  development  of  the  little  town  and  lived  to  witness  the  greater 
part  of  its  progress  and  improvement,  continuing  his  residence  there  until  his 
death,  in  1890.  His  daughter  was  born  at  Blenheim  and  was  there  reared  and 
married.  Soon  after  their  marriage  Mr.  and  Mrs.  MacLachlan  went  to  Water- 
iord,  where  he  established  a  hardware  business  which  he  conducted  for  two 
years.  He  afterward  went  to  Windsor  where  he  remained  for  one  year.  He 
next  went  to  Blenheim,  where  he  formed  a  partnership  with  Thomas  R.  Jack- 
son, engaging  in  the  private  banking  business  under  the  name  of  the  Jackson  Bank- 
ing House.  There  he  remained  until  1896,  when  he  went  to  Glencoe,  where 


56  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

he  once  more  engaged  in  the  hardware  business,  conducting  his  store  success- 
fully until  1907.  He  then  came  to  Vancouver  where  he  is  now  living  retired, 
spending  his  days  in  the  enjoyment  of  well  earned  rest. 

Dr.  MacLachlan  began  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Blenheim  and 
afterwards  attended  the  high  school  at  Glencoe,  from  which  he  was  graduated 
wjth  the  class  of  1899.  In  1901  he  entered  Queen's  University  and  was  gradu- 
ated in  medicine  with  the  class  of  1905.  Immediately  afterward  he  went  to 
New  Ontario  as  physician  for  the  A.  R.  MacDonell  Construction  Company, 
engaged  in  railroad  construction  work,  and  in  that  connection  Dr.  MacLachlan 
spent  two  years.  In  1907  he  came  to  Vancouver,  where  he  entered  upon  ser- 
vice as  physician  and  surgeon  on  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  steamships  running 
between  Vancouver  and  Hong  Kong,  China.  A  year  later  he  left  that  service 
and  spent  a  year  in  the  Vancouver  General  Hospital.  He  was  for  one  year  in 
St.  Paul's  Hospital  at  Vancouver  and  in  August,  1910,  entered  upon  the  private 
practice  of  medicine  in  which  he  has  actively  continued  to  the  present  time  with 
offices  in  No.  679  Granville  street.  1  fis  practice  has  steadily  grown  in  extent 
and  in  importance  and  he  now  receives  a  liberal  share  of  the  public  patronage. 

On  the  28th  of  August,  1911,  Dr.  MacLachlan  was  married  in  Vancouver 
to  Miss  .Marguerite  Ferguson,  of  Savona,  liritish  Columbia,  and  they  have  one 
daughter,  Mary  Ellinore  Jackson  MacLachlan.  The  Doctor  holds  membership 
in  the  Phi  Sigma  Kappa,  a  college  fraternity,  and  belongs  also  to  the  University 
Club.  In  politics  he  is  a  liberal  but  not  an  active  partisan.  His  religious  faith 
is  that  of  the  Presbyterian  church.  He  possesses  most  attractive  personal 
qualities,  is  social  and  congenial  and  readily  appreciates  true  worth  on  the 
part  of  others.  In  his  profession  he  holds  to  high  standards  and  is  making 
gradual  and  satisfactory  advance  therein. 


HARRY  BRAITHWAITE  ABBOTT,  C.  E. 

Harry  Braithwaite  Abbott,  civil  engineer,  has  been  prominently  connected 
with  important  railway  building  projects  across  the  continent  from  Canso  to 
Vancouver  and  is  now  a  retired  official  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Company. 
He  was  born  in  Abbotsford,  Quebec,  June  14,  1829,  a  son  of  the  Rev.  Joseph 
and  Harriet  (Bradford)  Abbott,  the  former  a  native  of  England  and  the  latter 
of  the  province  of  Quebec.  The  mother  was  a  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Richard 
Bradford,  one  of  the  pioneer  clergymen  of  that  province  and  at  one  time  chap- 
lain to  the  British  forces  at  Sorel.  The  Rev.  Joseph  Abbott  spent  his  entire  life 
in  the  ministry  and  passed  away  at  the  age  of  seventy-two  years.  His  memory 
remains  as  a  blessed  benediction  to  all  who  knew  him  and  is  enshrined  in  the 
hearts  of  many  loyal  friends.  His  wife  passed  away  in  her  sixty-eighth  year. 

Harry  B.  Abbott  was  one  of  a  family  of  seven  children,  four  sons  and  three 
daughters,  and  is  the  only  one  now  living.  He  began  his  education  in  the  public 
schools  and  passed  through  consecutive  grades  to  the  high  school  in  Montreal 
and  afterwards  became  a  student  in  McGill  University  of  that  city.  He  was 
about  eighteen  years  of  age  when  he  took  up  the  study  of  engineering  under 
Colonel  Gzowski.  Gradually  he  advanced  in  that  connection  and  in  the  early 
period  of  his  career  was  on  duty  at  Island  Pond  on  the  St.  Lawrence  &  Atlantic 
Kailroad.  He  has  always  been  a  student  of  his  chosen  profession  and  has  deserv- 
edly won  the  title  of  expert  in  civil  engineering.  In  1857  he  resigned  his  position 
with  the  St  Lawrence  &  Atlantic  Railway  Company,  which  is  now  a  part  of 
the  Grand  Trunk  system,  and  in  partnership  with  C.  Freer,  also  a  civil  engineer, 
leased  the  Riviere  du  Loup  section  of  the  Grand  Trunk  under  a  lease  subject 
to  cancellation  at  a  short  notice,  and  operated  that  division  for  one  year.  During 
that  period  they  introduced  a  system  of  cheap  rates,  reducing  the  price  of  all 
passenger  tickets  to  one  cent  per  mile.  Owing  to  the  large  population  of  that 
district  great  crowds  availed  themselves  of  the  opportunity  for  travel  over  the 


HARRY  B.  ABBOTT 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  59 

line .  Subsequently  the  same  firm  undertook  a  contract  for  the  maintenance  of 
\va  •  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  from  Richmond,  Canada,  to  Gorham  in  the 
Un  ted  States,  and  in  1866  he  became  chief  engineer  of  a  projected  railway 
betveen  Montreal  and  Sherbrooke.  In  1868  Mr.  Abbott  became  managing  direc- 
tor and  chief  engineer  of  the  Brockville  &  Ottawa  Railway,  extending  from 
Bn  ckville  to  the  Ottawa  river,  and  so  continued  until  1873.  In  the  meantime, 
or  n  1872,  he  built  the  Carleton  Place  and  Ottawa  branch  of  the  Canada  Cen- 
tral Railway,  of  which  he  became  the  president  and  managing  director.  In  1875 
he  >ecame  chief  engineer  and  manager  of  construction  of  the  Eastern  Extension 
Railway  Company  of  Nova  Scotia.  Mr.  Abbott  had  personally  secured  the  con- 
trai  t  for  the  road  and  transferred  it  to  a  company  of  which  Sir  Hugh  Allen  was 
the  president.  In  1882  he  entered  the  service  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  as  manager 
of  construction  of  the  Algona  Mills  branch  to  Sudbury,  and  in  1884  took  charge,  as 
manager  of  construction,  of  the  main  line  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  from 
Siu  bury  westward.  In  November,  1885,  he  came  on  the  first  train,  that  ran  through 
from  Montreal,  to  Port  Moody,  which  also  carried  Lord  Strathcona.  the  president, 
Sir  William  Van  Home,  Mr.  Fleming,  civil  engineer,  together  with  Mr.  Piers, 
nov  manager  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Steamships.  Mr.  Abbott  was 
present  at  the  laying  of  the  last  rail  on  the  8th  of  November,  1885,  at  Craigel- 
Jacl-ie,  where  the  two  ends  of  the  rails  met,  Lord  Strathcona  driving  the  last 
spil-  e.  In  January,  1886,  he  was  appointed  general  superintendent  of  the  Pacific 
division  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  filling  this  position  in  an  admirable 
mai  ner  until  he  resigned  in  1897.  His  active  connection  with  the  road  covered 
the  period  of  the  commencement  of  the  operation  of  the  line  through  to  Port 
Moody  and  subsequently,  in  1887,  to  Vancouver. 

[n  March,  1886,  Mr.  Abbott  let  the  contract  for  the  clearing  of  the  townsite 
ppf  Vancouver,  which  city  then  had  a  population  of  not  over  five  hundred. 

Mr.  Abbott  had  the  management  of  the  heavy  work  involved  in  the  improve- 
mei  t  of  the  portion  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  under  his  charge  as  general 
sup  :rintendent,  under  an  award  of  arbitrators,  because  of  faulty  construction 
§y  'he  Dominion  government.  The  Robson  and  Nelson  branch  was  built  under 
his  supervision  and  steamboats  were  put  upon  the  Columbia  river  and  Kootenay 
and  Okanagan  lakes.  He  supervised  the  replacement  of  the  greater  number  of 
the  larger  bridges  and  trestles  and  the  building  of  retaining  walls  and  arches, 
whrre  "grasshopper"  trestles  had  been,  and  there  are  few  men  more  familiar 
than  he  with  the  history  of  railroad  construction  through  the  era  of  pioneer 
development  in  Canada,  and  the  importance  of  his  labors  cannot  be  overestimated. 
With  expert  knowledge  of  the  scientific  principles  underlying  his  work,  he  com- 
binid  a  conscientiousness  and  industry  that  resulted  in  railway  building  unsur- 
passed in  the  character  of  the  work  done.  Since  coming  to  the  west  he  has  been 
m  inuously  connected  with  the  Canadian  Pacific,  long  in  an  active  capacity  and 
jlater  in  more  or  less  of  an  advisory  capacity.  Through  the  many  years  of  his 
ass<  ciation  with  this  great  corporation  he  has  served  as  a  dominant  factor  in  the 
progress  and  development,  not  only  of  the  road,  but  of  the  city  and  province  in 
jwhi:h  he  makes  his  home. 

n  1894  the  mountains  were  covered  with  a  heavy  snow  which  remained  late 
jintc  the  spring,  when  a  sudden  thaw  in  June  caused  an  enormous  flood,  the 
jgre;  test  known  in  the  province,  washing  away  portions  of  a  distance  of  fifty  miles 
iOf  ( 'anadian  Pacific  Railway  track  between  Wonnock  and  Ruby  Creek,  and  many 
I  of  the  important  trestles.  To  maintain  uninterrupted  traffic,  steamers  were  put 
ion  he  Eraser*  river  to  carry  the  traffic  for  about  a  month  between  those  points. 
;Tht  rebuilding  of  the  roadbed  was  under  Mr.  Abbott's  supervision,  and  thus 
jaga  n  he  took  active  part  in  railway  construction  projects  of  the  far  west  and 
'the  reinstalment  of  regular  trains  was  quickly  accomplished. 

tn  1868  was  solemnized  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Abbott  and  Miss  Margaret 
jAmalie  Sicotte,  a  daughter  of  the  late  Judge  Sicotte  and  a  native  of  St.  Hya- 
|cinthe,  Quebec.  To  them  were  born  three  children:  John  Louis  Grahame 
' Abl  ott,  a  barrister ;  Harry  Hamilton  Abbott,  formerly  agent  for  the  Canadian 


60  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Pacific  at  Victoria,  and  now  a  wine  merchant  at  Vancouver;  and  Beatrice 
Amelia,  the  widow  of  Osborne  Plunkett,  a  barrister  of  Vancouver. 

Mr.  Abbott  is  a  member  of  the  St.  James  Club  of  Montreal  and  an  honorary 
president  of  the  Vancouver  Club.  He  also  holds  membership  in  the  Union  Club 
of  Victoria.  In  politics  he  has  always  been  a  conservative,  and  at  one  time  was 
a  candidate  for  Brockville  and  Klizabethtown  for  the  house  of  commons.  In 
1862  he  assisted  in  the  formation  of  the  Eleventh  Battalion,  V.  M.,  Argenteuil 
Rangers,  from  which  he  retired  with  the  rank  of  major.  During  the  Trent 
affair,  which  arose  at  the  time  of  the  Civil  war  in  the  United  States  in  1862,  the 
grenadier  guards  and  other  regiments  were  sent  to  Canada  after  the  close  of 
navigation  in  the  St.  Lawrence,  on  which  occasion,  owing  to  Mr.  Abbott's  thor- 
ough knowledge  of  the  country  through  which  they  had  to  pass  on  their  way 
from  St.  fohn,  New  Brunswick,  to  Quebec  and  Montreal,  his  advice  was  sought 
by  the  British  commandant,  Sir  Fenwick  Williams,  and  he  was  sent  to  Frederic- 
ton  to  meet  them. 

At  the  time  of  the  second  Kiel  rebellion  Mr.  Abbott  handled  and  supplied 
food  to  the  troops  over  the  railroad  and  roadbed  from  Sudbury  to  the  Pic  river. 
As  the  line  was  then  unfinished  for  sixty  miles  from  Dog  river,  two  hundred  and 
fifty  horses  and  sleighs  from  the  construction  camps  were  used  to  haul  the 
troops  to  the  other  end  of  the  track  at  the  Pic  river,  and  a  large  number  of  the 
soldiers  were  handled  and  fed  in  this  district  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  Abbott. 
With  many  events  connected  with  the  history  of  the  west,  especially  with  rail- 
road building,  Mr.  Abbott  has  been  closely  associated.  A  mountain  in  the  Sel- 
kirks  and  one  of  the  business  thoroughfares  in  the  heart  of  Vancouver  have  been 
named  in  his  honor.  No  man  stands  higher  in  public  esteem  or  enjoys  the  regard 
of  a  wider  circle  of  sincere  friends  than  Mr.  Abbott,  who  has  long  occupied  a 
central  and  honored  place  on  the  stage  of  activities  in  British  Columbia. 


TURBFRA^LLE  THOMAS. 

Turberville  Thomas,  a  veteran  of  the  Kiel  rebellion  and  of  the  Boer  war, 
who  has  since  proven  his  loyalty  and  public  spirit  in  an  equally  effective  manner 
by  able  and  conscientious  work  in  the  public  service,  is  one  of  the  most  progressive 
and  representative  citizens  of  Port  Coquitlam,  where  he  is  discharging  the  impor- 
tant duties  of  chief  of  the  city  police.  He  was  born  in  Edgbaston,  Birmingham, 
England,  on  the  26th  of  October,  1866,  and  is  a  son  of  the  late  Edward  Cory 
Thomas,  Chilian  consul  to  Great  Britain  and  who  controlled  large  copper  inter- 
ests in  South  Wales  and  Chili,  South  America.  The  paternal  grandfather  was 
recorder  of  the  city  of  Swansea,  Wales,  for  many  years  and  the  maternal  branch 
of  the  family  is  descended  directly  from  Oliver  Cromwell. 

In  the  acquirement  of  an  education  Turberville  Thomas  attended  King 
Edward's  school  in  Birmingham,  England,  and  was  in  later  years  a  student  in 
McGill  University,  Montreal,  and  in  Durham  University,  England.  At  the  age 
of  sixteen  and  before  comoleting  his  fundamental  education  he  already  published 
a  small  weekly  paper  in  Wales  and  was  very  successful  in  its  conduct  for  a  num- 
ber of  years.  Following  the  course  of  empire,  he  later  came  to  Canada  and  for 
some  time  was  connected  with  various  survey  parties  in  the  northern  country, 
later  traveling  throughout  the  United  States  in  the  interests  of  eastern  Canadian 
and  London  papers.  In  1885  he  volunteered  .for  service  in  the*Riel  rebellion 
but  was  refused  enlistment  on  account  of  his  youth.  Later,  however,  he  suc- 
ceeded in  getting  on  the  transport  with  General  Strange's  column  and  went  from 
Calgary  to  Edmonton  on  the  historic  forced  march,  eventually  receiving  a  medal 
for  bravery  in  action.  Being  in  London,  England,  at  the  time  of  the  outbreak 
of  the  Boer  war,  Mr.  Thomas  enlisted  with  the  volunteers,  serving  as  a  trooper. 
He  received  his  commission  on  the  field  and  served  under  Colonel  Thornycroft 
as  camp  quartermaster  and  intelligence  officer.  Later  he  was  chosen  provost 


CAPTAIN  TURBERVILLK  THOMAS 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  63 

marshal  under  General  Knox  in  the  Bloemfontein  district,  in  the  Orange  River 
Colony,  after  which  he  was  station  staff  officer  at  Burghersdorf,  Cape  Colony. 
Captain  Thomas  won  both  the  king's  and  queen's  medals  and  his  name  was 
mentioned  in  dispatches  for  recommendation  on  account  of  his  distinguished 
and  able  service. 

Captain  Thomas  was  justice  of  the  peace  in  and  for  the  Northwest  Terri- 
tories and  afterward  in  Alberta,  where  he  resumed  his  connection  with  journal- 
ism, becoming  editor  and  proprietor  of  the  Camrose  (Alberta)  Mail  and  after- 
ward of  the  Sedgewick  Eagle.  It  was  while  in  Alberta  that  Mr.  Thomas  was 
chosen  president  of  the  Eastern  British  Columbia  and  Alberta  Press  Association 
and  was  its  delegate  to  the  Imperial  Press  Conference  in  London,  England.  He 
came  from  that  province  to  Vancouver,  British  Columbia,  and  here  founded  The 
Mail  Publishing  Company,  which  issued  the  Sunday  Mail,  the  first  Sunday 
newspaper  in  the  city.  Captain  Thomas  later  associated  himself  with  the  secret 
service  and  proved  so  capable,  reliable  and  far-sighted  that  he  was  detailed  to 
special  police  work  throughout  British  Columbia,  gaining  during  this  period  a 
thorough  knowledge  of  the  work  with  which  he  is  now  so  prominently  connected. 
He  was  afterward  stationed  at  Burnaby  and  from  there  came  to  Port  Coquitlam, 
as  chief  of  police  of  this  city. 

In  1889  Mr.  Thomas  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Zoella  Foster,  who  died 
in  1903.  He  wedded  afterward  Miss  Alice  \Yinnifred  Pargitter,  of  Oxford, 
England,  a  sister  of  Chief  Justice  Pargitter  of  the  High  Court  of  India,  and  a 
daughter  of  Rev.  R.  R.  Pargitter,  the  first  representative  of  the  Church  Mis- 
sionary Society  in  Ceylon.  He  is  living  today  at  the  advanced  age  of  ninety- 
five  years.  Mrs.  Thomas  was  associated  with  the  celebrated  Cheltenham  Col- 
lege in  England  and  later  with  Havergall  College  in  Winnipeg.  Captain  Thomas 
has  two  children :  a  son,  Edward,  who  is  married  and  engaged  in  trading  in  the 
South  Seas ;  and  a  daughter,  Mary  Louise. 

Mr.  Thomas  is  a  devout  member  of  the  Church  of  England  and  has  served 
as  a  delegate  to  the  general  synod  at  Quebec,  the  provincial  synod  at  Winnipeg 
and  the  diocesan  synod  at  Calgary.  He  belongs  to  the  South  African  Veterans 
Association,  is  secretary  of  the  Imperial  Campaigners  Association  and  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Vancouver  executive  of  the  Boy  Scout  movement.  He  is  connected 
fraternally  with  the  grand  lodge  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias  in  Alberta  and  belongs 
to  the  Loyal  Order  of  Orange.  He  is  well  known  in  conservative  politics  here 
and  in  Alberta,  where  after  the  Boer  war  he  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the 
Conservative  Association  and  was  nominated  a  candidate  for  both  the  provincial 
and  the  federal  houses.  He  is  progressive,  public-spirited  and  loyal  in  matters 
of  citizenship  and  in  the  various  cities  where  he  has  resided  his  influence  has 
been  a  tangible  force  in  development  and  progress. 


ALBERT  R.  BAKER,  D.  D.  S. 

Through  the  past  decade  Dr.  Albert  R.  Baker  has  engaged  in  the  practice 
of  dentistry  in  Vancouver  and  his  success  has  resulted  from  comprehensive 
scientific  knowledge  as  exemplified  in  the  practical  work  of  the  profession. 
He  was  born  in  Victoria  on  the  I4th  of  July,  1864,  his  parents  being  Michael 
and  Johanna  (Hatch)  Baker.  The  father  was  a  native  of  Detroit,  Michigan, 
and  in  1862  came  by  way  of  the  isthmus  of  Panama  to  British  Columbia  for 
the  Hudson's  Bay  Company,  building  the  wharves  for  that  company.  After 
three  years  spent  in  the  far  west  he  removed  to  Ottawa,  Ontario,  where  he 
resided  for  several  years  and  then  returned  to  British  Columbia,  continuing  to 
make  his  home  in  Victoria  until  his  death  in  1905.  He  was  of  Irish  descent, 
as  was  his  wife,  who  was,  however,  a  native  of  Ottawa. 

In  the  schools  of  his  native  city  Dr.  Baker  pursued  his  early  education 
and  after  graduation  therefrom  entered  upon  preparation  for  a  professional 

Vol.  IV— 3 


64  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

career  as  a  student  in  the  dental  department  of  the  University  of  Pennsylvania 
at  Philadelphia.  He  there  completed  the  full  course  and  was  graduated  in 
1881  with  the  degree  of  D.  D.  S.  Following  his  graduation  he  traveled  through 
the  western  states  and  through  British  Columbia,  registering  in  various  local- 
ities and  following  his  profession.  In  1887,  however,  he  returned  to  Phila- 
delphia, where  he  engaged  in  active  practice  for  four  years,  or  until  1891,  when 
he  again  came  to  British  Columbia  »and  opened  an  office  in  Victoria,  there  con- 
tinuing until  1895.  He  next  practiced  in  Portland,  Oregon,  for  about  eight 
years,  or  until  1903,  when  he  again  came  to  this  province  and  took  up  his  abode 
in  Vancouver,  where  he  has  continued  in  active  practice  to  the  present  time. 
His  ability  is  attested  by  the  large  practice  accorded  him.  By  broad  reading 
and  thorough  research  he  has  kept  in  touch  with  the  advance  work  of  the  pro- 
fession. He  possesses  the  delicate  mechanical  skill  and  exactness  so  necessary 
for  the  actual  dental  work  and  he  has  a  splendidly  equipped  office,  showing 
all  modern  appliances  and  devices  for  the  highest  class  of  work.  Underlying 
his  mechanical  skill  is  his  scientific  knowledge  and  at  all  times  he  conforms  to 
a  high  standard  of  professional  ethics. 

Aside  from  this  Dr.  Baker  has  varied  financial  interests.  He  was  the  vice 
president  of  the  Canadian  Brewing  &  Malting  Company  until  sold  to  eastern 
capitalists.  He  is  now  director  of  the  Standard  Trust  Company  and  director 
of  the  Metropolitan  Building  Company,  and  he  owns  considerable  real  estate, 
having  made  judicious  investments  in  property  from  which  he  derives  a  gratify- 
ing annual  income. 

Dr.  Baker  was  married  in  1895  to  Miss  Kthelda  Odershaw,  a  daughter  of 
Alfred  Odershaw,  of  Victoria,  and  their  children  are  Raymond  and  Albert  R. 
Dr.  Baker  is  liberal  in  politics,  without  having  held  or  desired  public  office. 
He  belongs  to  the  Benevolent  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  to  various  social 
organizations,  including  the  Terminal  City  Club  of  A'ancouver  and  Royal  Van- 
couver Yacht  Club.  He  is  an  enthusiastic  yachtsman  but  devotes  the  greater 
part  of  his  attention  to  his  professional  duties,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Brit- 
ish Columbia  Society  of  Dental  Surgeons.  High  standing  in  his  chosen  calling 
has  been  won  through  industry,  determination  and  capability,  and  he  is  today 
accounted  one  of  the  foremost  dentists  practicing  in  Vancouver. 


DONALD  CHISHOLM,  M.  P. 

The  career  of  Donald  Chisholm  is  one  of  peculiar  interest  to  all  British  Colum- 
bians, as  he  lived  and  worked  here  since  the  colony  came  into  being. 

The  parents  of  Mr.  Chisholm  came  from  Invernesshire,  Scotland,  about  the 
beginning  of  the  nineteenth  century,  and  settled  on  the  Lower  South  river,  at 
Antigonish,  Nova  Scotia,  and  at  that  place  Mr.  Chisholm  was  born  in  1822.  After 
having  received  an  education  he  began  life  as  a  teacher,  but  very  soon  abandoned 
this  profession.  In  1849  he  left  his  native  place  and  started  for  the  California  gold 
fields  with  a  party  of  twenty-three  prospectors,  of  which  W.  R.  Lewis  of  New 
Westminster  was  a  member.  While  in  California  he  helped  to  frame  the  mining 
laws  which  still  exist  in  the  Golden  state.  He  met  with  indifferent  success  in 
California  and  after  a  few  years  returned  to  Canada,  settling  in  Ontario,  where  he 
engaged  in  the  wheat  trade.  He  speculated  largely  during  the  Crimean  war,  and 
with  the  proclamation  of  peace,  he  was  left  with  thousands  of  bushels  on  his  hands. 
The  proclamation  came  three  weeks  too  soon  or  he  would  have  gained  great  wealth 
by  this  venture. 

In  1858,  or  immediately  after  this  experience,  he  came  to  British  Columbia 
and  from  that  time  on  until  his  demise  there  was  scarcely  a  prominent  line  of 
business,  peculiar  to  this  part  of  the  country,  that  he  did  not  engage  in.  He  first 
settled  in  Hope  and  in  1860  was  elected  by  the  people  of  that  district  as  a  delegate 
to  a  convention  held  in  New  Westminster  to  frame  and  present  to  the  Imperial 


DONALD  CHISHOLM 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  67 

government  a  petition  for  the  establishment  of  a  measure  of  government  for  the 
nainland  of  British  Columbia,  which  was  then  an  outlying  territory  under  Gov- 
;rnor  Douglas  of  Vancouver  island.  This  convention  was  his  first  appearance  as 
i  public  man.  He  was  first  returned  to  parliament  at  the  general  election  of  1887 
is  a  supporter  of  the  liberal  conservative  administration  of  Sir  John  Macdonald. 
In  1860  Mr.  Chisholm  was  one  of  a  party  who  went  to  the  Big  bend  of  the 
Columbia  river,  prospecting  for  gold  and  other  minerals.  During  that  trip  he 
learly  lost  his  life.  In  crossing  the  McCullough  creek  on  a  snow  bridge  when  the 
nelting  of  the  mountain  snow  formed  a  torrent,  the  bridge  gave  way  and  he  was 
et  down  into  the  torrent  and  carried  by  the  current  half  a  mile  in  the  ice  cold 
^ater  and  was  rescued  by  a  small  party  of  miners,  in  an  unconscious  condition, 
tn  1862  he  went  to  Cariboo,  where  he  mined  for  some  time.  Afterwards  in  the 
cCootenay  district  he  was  for  years  engaged  in  the  lumbering  and  mining  industries. 
For  some  time  he  was  foreman  of  the  famous  Cherry  Creek  mines. 

It  was  Donald  Chisholm  who  took  Major  General  Selby  Smith  and  staff 
hrough  the  mountains  to  Hope  on  his  pack  train,  when  that  distinguished  officer 
irst  visited  British  Columbia. 

In  1874  he  came  to  New  Westminster  and  from  that  time  until  his  death, 
.vhich  occurred  April  3,  1890,  he  resided  on  the  coast,  where  his  honor  and  wealth 
ncreased  with  his  years.     Shortly  after  settling  in  the  Royal  City  he  invested  in 
he  property  and  business  of  Fred  Woodcock  and  established  a  wholesale  and 
•etail  grocery  business  in  connection  therewith  on  Front  street.    He  also  purchased 
>roperty  at  Ladner's  Landing  and  started  a  hotel  and  general  store,  afterwards 
owned  and  conducted  by  Thomas  McNeely.    He  also  became  a  partner  in  the  Delta 
Canning  Company.     He  subsequently  invested,  in  company  with  a  Mr.  Brewer, 
n  a  large  tract  of  land  in  what  is  now  the  city  of  Vancouver  and  in  an  estate  in 
lastings;  also  in  blocks  of  property  which  are  now  in  the  center  of  New  West- 
minster.   In  partnership  with  Daniel  Mills  he  also  owned  one  of  the  most  beautiful 
'arms  on   Salt   Spring  island,   if   not  in   the  province.      For   several  years   Mr. 
Chisholm  was  president  of  the  New  Westminster  Board  of  Trade. 

While  mining  in  California  Mr.  Chisholm  also  practiced  medicine  and  many 
;.  miner  owed  his  life  to  "Doe"  Chisholm's  therapeutic  skill.  He  likewise  prac- 
liced  during  the  cholera  epidemic  in  conjunction  with  Fitz-Stubbs. 

The  government  early  showed  its  confidence  in  Mr.  Chisholm  by  appointing 
him  a  special  constable  during  the  trouble  at  Yale  and  Hill's  Bar  in  the  early 
mining  days  on  the  Fraser  river.  Mr.  Chisholm  brought  the  Price  brothers  to 
New  Westminster,  to  be  tried  for  the  wanton  murder  of  an  Indian,  through  whole 
1  ands  of  hostile  red  skins  and  surrounded  by  almost  insuperable  difficulties  and 
1  rightful  dangers. 

Physically  Mr.  Chisholm  was  a  magnificent  specimen  of  the  British  Columbia 
pioneer,  possessed  of  herculean  strength,  and  had  the  reputation  of  being  the 
strongest  man  in  the  province.  He  stood  six  feet,  four  and  a  half  inches  in  his 
stocking  feet,  with  the  courage  and  energy  to  back  his  strength  and  stature. 


ALEXANDER  DUNCAN  ROSS. 

Alexander  Duncan  Ross,  long  considered  an  authority  on  mechanical  engi- 
i  eering  and  installation  projects,  has  been  among  the  foremost  in  that  field  of 
1  ibor,  which  has  led  to  the  development  of  the  northwest  and  the  utilization 
c  f  its  natural  resources.  His  labors,  however,  have  been  by  no  means  confined 
tj  one  section  of  the  country.  His  professional  skill  has  been  employed  in 
•\arious  localities  and  today  important  industrial  plants  all  through  the  Domin- 
ion stand  as  monuments  to  his  labor  and  his  scientific  knowledge.  He  was  born 
i  i  Glengarry,  Ontario,  March  13,  1859,  and  is  a  son  of  Daniel  and  Christie 
(Mowat)  Ross,  who  were  also  natives  of  that  province.  The  father  was  en- 
gaged in  farming  and  in  the  lumber  business,  retaining  his  residence  in  Ontario 


68  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

until  about  1860,  when  he  came  to  British  Columbia.  He  went  to  the  Cariboo 
over  the  old  trial  and  made  several  trips  abroad  and  several  times  went  around 
the  world,  his  extensive  journeyings  making  him  familiar  with  many  sections 
of  the  globe  and  the  people  that  inhabit  it.  Both  he  and  his  wife  are  now 
deceased. 

Alexander  D.  Ross  pursued  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Ontario 
and  in  April,  1874,  when  fifteen  years  of  age,  started  out  in  the  business  world, 
being  apprenticed  to  the  firm  of  Robert  Gardner  &  Son  of  Montreal,  engineers 
and  machinists,  his  term  of  indenture  continuing  from  1874  until  1881.  He 
afterward  continued  in  the  employ  of  the  firm  for  several  years  as  a  journey- 
man but  later  went  with  The  William  Rutherford  &  Sons  Company,  Limited, 
of  Montreal,  with  whom  he  continued  for  two  years.  He  erected  for  that  com- 
pany two  mills  on  the  south  bank  of  the  St.  Lawrence,  about  two  hundred  and 
fifty  miles  below  Quebec,  for  J.  &  P.  Coates,  these  mills  to  be  used  for  the 
making  of  spools  for  the  use  of  the  thread  manufacturer.  Both  mills  are  still 
in  operation. 

As  the  years  passed  on  Mr.  Ross  became  more  and  more  proficient  in  every- 
thing pertaining  to  mechanical  engineering  and  in  1886  he  went  to  Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin,  to  accept  a  position  as  erecting  engineer  for  E.  P.  Allis,  later  of 
the  Allis-Chalmers  Company,  with  whom  he  continued  for  two  years.  He  next 
engaged  with  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  and  built  at  Port  Arthur  the  first 
elevator  ever  owned  by  the  company.  This  is  still  in  use.  He  was  engaged 
in  that  work  through  the  winter  and  in  the  following  spring  entered  into 
business  connections  with  the  Dominion  Bridge  Company  in  the  capacity  of 
master  mechanic,  having  full  charge  of  engines,  boilers  and  machinery  in  gen- 
eral as  well  as  direct  charge  of  the  machine  shop  department.  At  that  time 
the  company  had  five  hundred  horse  power  engines  and- boilers,  all  of  which 
were  under  his  supervision.  When  he  became  connected  with  the  company 
they  were  just  building  their  plant  outside  of  Montreal  and  Mr.  Ross  installed 
the  engines  and  machinery.  Today  this  is  the  largest  bridge  company  in  Can- 
ada. Mr.  Ross  remained  with  them  for  nine  years  and  during  that  time  had 
charge  of  the  shop  work  on  the  building  of  the  first  cantalever  bridge  ever  con- 
structed. This  was  erected  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  and  later  two  were 
built  across  the  St.  Lawrence  river,  one  at  Lachine.  He  also  built  another  at 
Sault  Sainte  Marie,  across  St.  Mary's  river,  and  also  the  gates  and  machinery 
in  connection  with  the  dry  docks  at  Victoria.  All  this  indicates  how  impor- 
tant was  the  nature  of  the  work  entrusted  to  him.  In  1894  he  became  con- 
nected with  the  Laurie  Engine  &  Machine  Company,  Limited,  of  Montreal  as 
erecting  engineer,  general  foreman  at  the  works  and  general  superintendent.  He 
remained  with  them  until  1909,  at  which  time  he  had  full  charge  of  all  matters 
pertaining  to  the  engineering  department.  Among  the  large  plants  which  he 
erected  for  that  company  are  those  of  the  Montreal  Street  Railway  Company, 
the  Toronto  Street  Railway  Company,  the  St.  John  (N.  B.)  Street  Railway 
Company,  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company  at  Sydney,  Cape  Breton,  the 
Canadian  Rubber  Company  at  Montreal,  the  Winnipeg  Street  Railway  Com- 
pany and  the  mammoth  plant  of  the  Oglivia  Flour  Mills  at  Winnipeg.  In  this 
connection  he  also  built  the  large  pulp  mills  for  the  Riordan  Company  at  Hawkes- 
bury,  Ontario,  and  the  large  mills  for  the  Merchants  Cotton  Company  at  Mon- 
treal, together  with  many  other  large  plants,  including  sugar  refineries,  paper 
mills,  the  King  Brothers  asbestos  mills  at  Thedford  Mines,  Quebec,  and  every 
conceivable  kind  of  a  plant  where  power  is  used. 

On  the  ist  of  May,  1909,  Mr.  Ross  came  to  Vancouver  to  become  super- 
intendent of  the  steam  plant  for  the  British  Columbia  Electric  Railway  Com- 
pany, having  installed  their  old  street  railway  plant  in  1899,  while  with  the 
Laurie  people.  He  has  letters  of  recommendation,  in  which  his  work  is  men- 
tioned in  the  highest  terms,  from  Robert  Gardner  &  Company,  with  whom  he 
served  his  apprenticeship,  from  the  Dominion  Bridge  Company,  the  Laurie 
Engine  &  Machine  Company,  William  Rutherford  &  Sons,  the  Montreal  Street 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  69 

Railway  Company  and  the  Canadian  Rubber  Company,  testifying  to  his  engi- 
neering* skill  and  executive  ability.  His  record  has  been  a  remarkable  one  and 
lis  opinions  have  always  been  received  as  authority  on  all  mechanical  engi- 
neering and  installation  projects.  Before  coming  to  Vancouver  he  had  well 
demonstrated  his  ability  and  thus  his  services  were  sought  in  connection  with 
;he  superintendency  of  the  steam  plant  for  the  British  Columbia  Electric  Railway 
Company.  He  immediately  upon  assuming  his  duties  here  proceeded  to  remove 
the  remainder  of  the  old  plant,  which  had  an  original  capacity  of  three  thousand 
horse  power,  and  replaced  it  with  a  new  turbine  plant  of  twenty-five  thousand 
horse  power.  The  old  plant  being  razed,  he  removed  it  to  Victoria,  where  he 
erected  it  for  use  as  the  street  railway  and  lighting  plant  and  it  is  still  in 
operation.  The  new  plant  of  the  British  Columbia  Electric  Railway  Company 
at  Vancouver  is  unsurpassed  by  any  in  Canada  and  in  equipment  there  is 
nothing  better  on  the  continent.  Entirely  under  the  supervision  of  Mr.  Ross 
there  was  erected  in  Victoria,  in  1912,  a  fine  new  plant  with  a  capacity  of  six 
thousand  horse  power.  It  was  built  in  such  a  way  that  when  necessity  demands 
it  can  be  enlarged  so  that  it  will  have  a  capacity  of  twenty-five  thousand  horse 
power.  Mr.  Ross  went  upon  the  ground  in  June,  when  the  land  was  not  yet 
cleared,  and  by  November  of  the  same  year  had  the  plant  running  to  its  present 
capacity.  It  is  an  immense  modern  building,  strictly  up-to-date  in  every  way, 
and  it  is  an  oil  burning  plant.  The  structure  is  beautifully  located  with  a  water 
front  on  Brantwood  Bay,  which  makes  possible  the  unloading  of  oil  direct  from 
the  steamers  to  their  own  fuel  tanks  in  the  power  house.  The  foregoing  indi- 
cates clearly  that  Mr.  Ross  has  become  one  of  the  foremost  mechanical  engi- 
neers of  the  Dominion,  the  nature  of  the  work  which  he  has  executed  demanding 
the  highest  and  most  efficient  skill. 

Like  the  great  majority  of  Canadians,  Mr.  Ross  has  seen  military  service. 
At  the  age  of  eighteen  years  he  joined  the  Sixth  Fusiliers  of  Montreal,  with 
which  regiment  he  was  connected  for  twelve  years,  lie  was  an  expert  rifle 
shot  and  for  eight  years  represented  the  Fusiliers  in  the  Dominion  meets  at 
Ottawa,  during  which  time  he  won  many  fine  trophies,  including  seven  medals, 
:hree  cups  and  other  smaller  prizes,  all  the  medals  and  cups  being  first  prizes. 
He  held  several  championships  and  was  acknowledged  one  of  the  finest  marks- 
men in  eastern  Canada.  He  was  afterward  for  three  years  with  the  Fifth. 
Regiment  of  Royal  Scots  of  Montreal  and  there  did  much  shooting. 

Mr.  Ross  was  married  irV  Montreal,  February  28,  1881,  to  Miss  Anna 
McArthur,  a  native  of  that  city,  and  they  have  two  daughters:  Ale.xiana,  the 
wife  of  Dr.  E.  G.  Tunbelle,  of  Barry,  Ontario,  and  Anita,  at  home.  In  poli- 
cies Mr.  Ross  is  a  liberal  but  not  an  active  party  worker.  He  attends  St.  John's 
Presbyterian  church  and  he  is  a  member  of  Montreal  Lodge,  No.  i, 
[.  O.  O.  F.,  and  of  the  British  Columbia  Electric  Social  Club  and  a  life  member 
of  Mount  Maria  Lodge,  No.  38,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  Montreal.  His  career  shows 
that  ambition  and  ability  constitute  a  key  which  unlocks  the  portals  of  success. 
He  is  today  a  leading  figure  in  engineering  circles,  having  gradually  worked 
his  way  upward,  his  developing  powers  gaining  him  constantly  widening  recog- 
nition. The  judgment  of  the  world  concerning  him  is  most  favorable  and  the 
profession,  recognizing  more  fully  his  talent  and  power,  gives  him  indeed  high 
place  in  its  ranks. 


J.  ANDERSON  YELLOWLEES. 

}.  Anderson  Yellowlees,  real-estate  and  financial  agent  at  Vancouver,  was 
born  in  Peebles,  Scotland,  February  4,  1886,  a  son  of  Alexander  and  Jessie 
Yellowlees.  His  father  is  secretary  of  the  Church  of  Scotland.  The  son  while 
spending  his  youthful  days  under  the  parental  roof  pursued  his  education  at 
the  high  school  of  his  native  city,  and  later  attended  George  Watson's  College 


70  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

of  Edinburgh  and  on  leaving  school  entered  upon  a  five  years'  apprenticeship  as 
a  civil  engineer  in  Edinburgh,  during  which  period  he  gained  extensive  knowl- 
edge of  the  profession.  The  opportunities  of  the  west,  however,  attracted 
him  and  in  1908  he  arrived  in  Vancouver,  where  he  entered  the  real-estate 
business.  After  gaining  an  experience  in  this  line  of  business  he  started  on  his 
own  account  and  in  KJH  entered  into  partnership  with  William  Russell  and 
Ernest  Walter  James  under  the  firm  style  of  Russell,  James  &  Yellowlees, 
which  partnership  still  exists.  The  firm  has  succeeded  in  winning  a  good  client- 
age and  the  amount  of  business  which  they  handle  each  year  makes  the 
undertaking  a  profitable  one.  Mr.  Yellowlees  has  also  made  investments  in 
property  and  his  own  holdings  are  advancing  in  value  and  are  a  source  of 
gratifying  financial  return. 

Mr.  Yellowlees  votes  with  the  conservative  party,  and  while  he  keeps  well 
informed  on  the  questions  and  issues  of  the  day  does  not  seek  nor  desire  office 
as  a  reward  for  party  fealty.  His  religious  belief  is  indicated  in  his  member- 
ship in  the  Presbyterian  church,  and  something  of  the  nature  of  his  recreative 
interest  is  shown  in  the  fact  that  he  is  a  member  of  both  the  Vancouver  Golf 
and  Country  and  North  Vancouver  Clubs,  serving  as  a  director  in  the  former. 
He  has  never  had  occasion  to  regret  his  determination  to  come  to  the  new 
world,  for  in  the  freedom  and  appreciation  of  this  great  and  growing  western 
country  he  has  found  the  opportunities  which  he  sought,  and  in  their  improve- 
ment has  made  gradual  and  substantial  advancement  in  the  business  world. 


ALFRED  POSTILL. 

Okanagan  valley  has  mourned  the  loss  of  few  citizens  who  have  occupied 
so  prominent  and  honorable  a  position  in  public  regard  as  did  Alfred  Postill,  who 
was  formost  in  every  good  work  for  the  district  and  at  the  same  time  carefully 
directed  his  private  business  affairs  so  that  he  was  able  to  leave  his  family  in 
very  comfortable  financial  circumstances. 

He  was  born  on  the  24th  of  Alay,  1852,  in  Yorkshire,  England,  a  son  of  Edward 
and  Mary  (Dickinson)  Postill.  He  came  to  Ontario  with  his  parents  at  the  age 
of  seven  years  and  at  the  age  of  twenty-three  he  made  his  way  to  British 
Columbia,  when  he  and  his  brothers  William  and  Edward  purchased  the  ranch  in 
the  Okanagan  valley  upon  which  he  resided  to  the  time  of  his  death  on  the  24th 
of  September,  1897,  when  he  was  forty-five  years  of  age.  He  at  once  began  the 
development  of  his  property  following  his  arrival  here,  and  as  his  financial 
resources  increased,  as  the  result  of  his  industry  and  perseverance,  he  kept  adding 
to  his  holdings  until  he  had  large  possessions  in  this  region  of  British  Columbia. 
He  was  not  only  capable  in  the  management  of  his  ranch  interests  but  also 
possessed  ability  and  ingenuity  in  many  another  direction.  He  constructed  and 
installed  a  telephone  on  his  extensive  ranch  and  there  was  no  work  of  a  mechan- 
ical nature  required  about  his  place  that  he  could  not  do.  He  was  the  pioneer 
to  engage  in  fruit  raising  on  an  extensive  scale  in  this  district  and  there  was  no 
one  who  took  a  more  active  and  helpful  part  in  the  work  of  the  agricultural 
society,  doing  everything  in  his  power  to  advance  the  interests  of  the  farming 
and  fruit-raising  classes  and  to  promote  the  development  of  the  country  along 
those  lines.  He  was  the  first  man  to  establish  sawmills  in  the  Spallumcheen  and 
Okanagan  valleys  and  he  was  ever  on  the  alert  to  introduce  new  and  improved 
methods  in  conducting  the  business  pertaining  to  his  large  farming  and  stock- 
raising  operations.  As  the  years  passed  on  he  prospered  and  left  a  large  and 
valuable  estate  to  his  family.  He  enjoyed  good  health  until  the  last  year  of  his 
life,  and  then  every  possible  medical  aid  was  rendered  him  but  to  no  avail. 

Mr.  Postill  was  married  January  8,  1890,  to  Miss  Eleanor  A.  Jamieson,  and 
they  became  the  parents  of  six  children,  Alfred  Edward,  Mary,  Eleanor  Garven, 
Dorothy,  Leonard  and  Alice. 


ALFRED  POSTTLL 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  73 

Perhaps  no  better  estimate  of  the  life  and  character  of  Mr.  Postill  can  be 
given  than  by  quoting  from  one  of  the  local  papers  at  the  time  of  his  death :  "He 
was  a  man  calculated  to  leave  his  impress  -upon  any  community  in  which  he  lived, 
and  both  as  a  private  citizen  and  a  gentleman  who  took  an  active  part  in  all  that 
pertained  to  the  public  welfare,  he  appeared  ever  to  be  guided  by  an  earnest 
desire  to  do  his  duty  in  a  conscientious  and  upright  manner.  What  his  hand 
found  to  do  was  indeed  done  with  all  his  might.  For  him  to  conceive  an  idea 
likely  to  benefit  the  district  he  so  much  loved,  was  to  endeavor  to  put  that  idea 
into  immediate  execution.  He  was  foremost  in  every  good  work  and  brought  to 
bear  on  all  matters  of  public  interest  a  combination  of  unflagging  zeal,  untiring 
energy  and  practical  knowledge  of  detail  which  enabled  him  to  overcome  many 
difficulties  before  which  an  ordinary  man  would  perhaps  have  shrunk  back  with 
dismay.  Although  not  a  man  of  ostentatious  piety,  he  was  known  far  and  near 
to  possess  a  firm  and  abiding  religious  belief  by  which  his  life  was  ruled  and 
governed.  He  was  an  implacable  enemy  to  whatever  he  considered  evil  and  was 
very  outspoken  in  denouncing  all  forms  of  vice ;  but  withal  was  possessed  of  a 
broad  charity  for  individual  failings  and  weaknesses.  He  was  a  forcible  writer 
when  occasion  required,  and  many  interesting  letters  have  during  the  past  few 
years  appeared  over  his  signature  in  the  columns  of  The  News.  He  was  some- 
times criticized  for  holding  opinions  rather  more  narrow  on  certain  subjects 
than  those  entertained  by  many  in  this  western  land,  but  if  he  erred  at  all  in  this 
direction,  who  is  there  now  who  will  not  say  that  it  was  on  the  right  side  ?  And 
even  those  upon  whom  fell  most  severely  the  weight  of  his  indignation  unite 
today  in  sincerely  deploring  his  loss." 

His  life  was  indeed  upright  and  honorable.     He  never  deviated  from  a  course 
which  he  believed  to  be  for  the  best  and  his   integrity   was   never  called  into 
question.     Those  who  knew  him  entertained  for  him  that  regard  which  is  ever 
given  to  noble  manhood,  and  many  there  were   who   felt  at  his  passing  that 
He  was  a  man.    Take  him  for  all  in  all 
I  shall  not  look  upon  his  like  again. 


HENRY  DARLING. 

Among  the  prominent  business  enterprises  of  Vancouver,  whose  trade  rela- 
tions are  reaching  out  along  constantly  ramifying  and  broadening  lines  to  the 
utmost  confines  of  the  province  and  also  into  other  sections  of  the  country, 
is  that  conducted  by  Henry  Darling,  wholesale  dealer  in  paints,  oils  and  var- 
nishes. He  was  born  February  27,  1863,  at  Port  Chalmers,  New  Zealand,  and 
varied  and  ofttimes  interesting  experiences  came  to  him  ere  he  entered  into 
active  identification  with  business  affairs  of  this  city.  His  parents  were  John 
and  Mary  Jane  (Watson)  Darling.  The  former  was  practically  the  father  of 
the  Union  Steamship  Company  of  New  Zealand,  now  operating  a  line  of  steam- 
ships from  Vancouver  to  New  Zealand  under  the  name  of  the  Canadian  Aus- 
tralian line. 

In  the  public  schools  of  London,  England,  Henry  Darling  pursued  his  edu- 
cation and  when  his  text-books  were  put  aside  entered  upon  an  apprentice- 
ship to  John  Henry  Gwynnes,  Ltd.,  engineers,  of  Hammersmith,  London,  with 
whom  he  remained  for  five  years.  Through  the  succeeding  six  or  seven  years 
he  was  marine  engineer  with  the  British  India  Steam  Navigation  Company  and 
the  British  &  Burmese  Company  of  British  India.  In  1891  he  came  from 
Glasgow,  Scotland,  to  British  Columbia  in  the  capacity  of  superintending  engi- 
neer to  take  charge  of  the  building  of  three  steamships  for  the  Union  Steam- 
ship Company.  These  when  completed  were  launched  as  the  Comox,  Capilano 
and  the  Coquitlam  and  are  still  running,  after  twenty-two  years  of  service.  In 
1894  Mr.  Darling  was  made  manager  of  the  Union  Steamship  Company,  and 


74  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

then,  after  several  more  years  spent  in  connection  with  that  corporation,  he 
became  general  manager  of  the  British  Yukon  Navigation  Company,  Ltd., 
organized  by  the  White  Pass  &  Yukon  Route.  In  1902  he  came  to  Vancouver 
and  established  his  present  business  as  wholesale  dealer  in  paints,  oils  and 
varnishes.  In  the  intervening  period  of  eleven  years  his  trade  has  constantly 
grown  and  his  shipments  now  cover  a  large  part  of  the  province,  bringing  him 
into  trade  relations  with  many  of  the  leading  cities  of  the  Canadian  northwest. 
He  is  a  director  and  partner  in  the  Simpson  Land  &  Improvement  Company. 
In  addition  he  has  made  judicious  and  somewhat  extensive  investments  in 
Vancouver  realty  and  his  property  holdings  are  now  valuable.  Since  1902  he 
has  also  been  surveyor  to  the  .British  Corporation  Registry  and  Registro  Nazion- 
ala  Italiano. 

On  the  1 5th  of  May,  1892,  in  Montreal,  occurred  the  marriage  of  Henry 
Darling  and  Mary  Boyle,  of  Glasgow,  Scotland,  a  daughter  of  Hugh  Boyle. 
The  four  sons  and  two  daughters  of  this  marriage  are  Donald,  Gordon,  John, 
Hugh,  Constance  and  Mary. 

Mr.  Darling  belongs  to  the  Terminal  City  Club  and  is  appreciative  of  the 
social  amenities  of  life.  His  career  has  been  characterized  by  continuous 
progress  since  he  started  out  in  an  humble  apprenticeship  when  his  school  days 
were  over.  Each  step  in  his  career  has  been  a  forward  one,  bringing  him  a 
broader  outlook  and  wider  opportunities,  and  today  he  occupies  an  enviable 
and  creditable  position  in  the  commercial  circles  of  his  adopted  city.  He  is, 
moreover,  widely  known  in  marine  circles,  and  wherever  he  is  known  is  held 
in  hi<rh  regard. 


DONALD  McPHADEN. 

Probably  no  man  is  more  familiar  with  the  Pacific  northwest,  with  its  natural 
resources,  its  business  conditions  and  with  the  various  phases  of  its  settlement 
and  development  than  is  Donald  McPhaden,  pioneer,  whose  remarkable  and 
eventful  active  career,  spent  chiefly  in  the  mining  camps  and  cattle  ranches  of 
British  Columbia  and  neighboring  districts,  has  ended  at  last  in  honorable  retire- 
ment. He  has  seen  the  development  of  the  province  and  through  many  honor- 
able and  worthy  years  has  assisted  in  it,  his  activities  touching  and  influencing 
many  important  phases  of  progress  and  advancement. 

Mr.  McPhaden  was  born  in  Glengarry  county,  Ontario,  November  16,  1847, 
and  is  a  son  of  Alexander  and  Anna  McPhaden,  the  former  a  native  of  Scotland 
and  the  latter  of  Ontario.  Both  have  passed  away.  Their  son  acquired  his 
education  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  district  and  for  about  seven  years, 
while  he  was  also  going  to  school,  contributed  to  his  own  support  by  working 
in  the  general  store  conducted  by  his  brother  in  Martintown,  Glengarry  county. 
After  laying  aside  his  books,  Air.  McPhaden  went  to  Bruce  county  and  there 
engaged  in  various  occupations,  being  the  first  man  to  peddle  merchandise  in 
that  section.  After  two  years  he  left  Ontario  and  came  by  way  of  the  isthmus 
of  Panama  to  the  Pacific  coast  with  the  intention  of  making  his  way  to  the  mines 
in  Boise  City,  Idaho.  However,  when  he  arrived  in  Portland,  Oregon,  in  June, 
1865,  he  encountered  there  a  rush  of  returning  gold-seekers,  bringing  back  unfav- 
orable reports  from  the  gold  fields.  Influenced  by  these  he  pushed  northward 
to  British  Columbia,  going  to  Victoria,  where  he  found  a  comparatively  deserted 
city,  most  of  the  inhabitants  having  left  for  the  Cariboo  district,  where  gold  had 
been  discovered.  Houses  were  deserted,  many  of  the  business  buildings  for 
rent  and  general  conditions  extremely  unpromising,  and  therefore  Mr.  McPhaden 
pushed  on  to  Port  Ludlow,  searching  everywhere  for  employment.  Eventually 
he  obtained  a  position  loading  ships  bound  for  Europe  and  for  about  ten  months  he 
worked  in  a  mill.  Hearing  good  reports  of  the  new  diggings  at  Big  Bend,  British 
Columbia,  and  influenced  by  tales  of  gold  picked  up  in  the  grass,  he  determined 


DONALD  McPHADEN 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  77 

to  make  his  way  thither.  Accordingly  he  went  to  Victoria  and  thence  to  New 
Westminster,  whence  he  journeyed  up  the  river  as  far  as  Yale,  one  of  a  party 
)f  five  hundred  seekers  after  gold.  At  Langley,  on  the  way  to  Yale,  he  saw 
Mr.  York,  one  of  the  first  white  settlers  on  the  Eraser  river,  and  from  there 
started  to  walk  to  Savona's  Ferry.  He  had  as  a  partner  an  old  California  miner 
who  impressed  upon  his  mind  the  importance  of  being  first  upon  the  field. 
Accordingly  carrying  a  load  of  thirty-three  pounds  apiece  they  started  to  walk 
icross  country  in  the  hope  of  arriving  before  the  other  miners  but  their  efforts 
ivailed  them  nothing  as  they  could  secure  no  transportation  and  had  to  wait 
for  the  boat  which  carried  their  former  companions.  In  those  days  when  the 
iager  seekers  after  wealth,  far  exceeded  the  number  that  could  be  transported, 
the  prospector  was  not  only  obliged  to  pay  an  exorbitant  sum  for  his  passage 
)ut  was  also  compelled  to  take  his  turn  at  doing  the  work  while  on  board.  It 
•vas  under  these  conditions  that  Mr.  McPhaden  traveled,  landing  finally  at  the 
lead  of  Shuswap  Lake  whence  he  set  out  for  the  Columbia  river.  Reaching  it 
ic  proceeded  up  the  river  as  far  as  Goklstream  where  he  obtained  employment, 
working  for  some  time  thereafter,  cutting  a  trail  from  La  Porte  to  Goklstream. 
For  four  years  afterward  he  prospected  in  various  localities  and  in  1870  went 
:o  Kamloops  and  made  an  entire  change  in  his  active  interests,  purchasing  a 
rtock  of  general  merchandise  which  he  brought  to  Tranquille  where  he  estab- 
lished a  store.  Afterward  he  removed  his  business  to  Kamloops,  but  owing  to 
:he  fact  that  his  chief  business  competitor  was  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  he 
vvas  only  fairly  successful  and  was  ready  to  sell  out  when  news  of  the  great  gold 
strike  at  the  Ominica  mines  reached  him.  He  again  took  up  his  search  for 
'old  but  at  the  end  of  a  year  found  that  Ominica  was  a  poor  camp  and,  returning 
to  Kamloops,  went  into  the  cattle  business.  He  added  to  his  interests  in  1872 
jy  building  in  partnership  with  James  Mclntosh  a  hotel  and  store,  in  the  conduct 
)f  which  he  was  interested  for  a  number  of  years.  In  1874  however  he  left 
the  city  for  a  time  and  went  to  Victoria,  where  he  married  Miss  Augusta  Harri- 
son, a  daughter  of  Eli  and  Elizabeth  Harrison,  the  former  an  early  settler  in 
:hat  city.  Returning  with  his  bride  to  Kamloops  by  way  of  Yale,  he  accomplished 
•vhat  was  for  that  day  a  prodigious  undertaking, — distance  and  roads  considered 
— bringing  with  him  a  piano.  Indians  who  had  never  before  seen  nor  heard  this 
instrument  camped  along  his  trail  and  for  hours  would  sit  and  listen  for  the 
iound  of  the  music,  their  natural  love  of  rhythm  combining  with  their  curiosity 
to  lend  them  patience.  These  Indians  afterward  became  hostile  their  enmity 
inding  vent  in  the  great  uprising  which  took  place  in  Kamloops  during  Air. 
McPhaden's  residence  there. 

In  1880  Mr.  McPhaden  sold  out  all  of  his  business  interests  in  Kamloops 
where  he  had  been  very  successful  and  moved  to  Victoria  where  for  two  years  he 
:onducted  a  butcher  business,  coming  to  New  Westminster  in  1882.  Here  he 
)pened  the  first  grocery  store  in  the  town  and  managed  it  with  steadily  increasing 
success  for  five  years,  building  up  a  large  patronage  which  was  accorded  him  in 
•ecognition  of  the  fine  stock  of  goods  he  carried,  his  honorable  business  methods 
md  his  straightforward  dealing.  When  he  sold  this  enterprise  he  accepted  the 
losition  of  manager  of  the  business  controlled  by  the  British  Columbia  Cattle 
Jompany  at  Victoria  but  eventually  returned  to  New  Westminster  and  again 
established  himself  in  business,  losing  his  store  and  stock  in  the  fire  which  almost 
lestroyed  the  city.  As  said  before  his  life  has  been  an  active  and  eventful  one, 
n  which  has  been  accorded  due  recognition  to  labor,  his  success  coming  as  a 
result  of  many  years  of  earnest  and  undiscouraged  effort,  rewarded  now  by  rest 
md  leisure  to  enjoy  the  comforts  and  luxuries  of  life.  He  resides  in  a  pleasant 
md  attractive  home  at  No.  83  Eighth  street  and  has  made  this  a  center  of  hos- 
pitality for  his  many  friends. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  McPhaden  became  the  parents  of  eight  children,  two  of  whom, 
;ons,  have  passed  away.  The  others  are :  Mae,  who  married  George  Woods, 
of  New  Westminster ;  Charles,  who  was  the  second  white  child  born  in  Kamloops 
md  who  was  called  by  Lord  Dufferin  the  "bunch  grass  baby";  Alfred,  who  is 


78  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

manager  of  Swift  &  Company's  plant  at  Prince  Rupert;  Duncan  Eli,  connected 
with  the  registry  office  in  New  Westminster;  Victor,  who  is  connected  with  the 
T.  J.  Trapp  Hardware  Company,  of  New  Westminster ;  and  Laura,  who  is  attend- 
ing school  at  Berkeley,  California. 

In  politics  Mr.  McPhaden  is  a  stanch  conservative  and  cast  his  first  vote  for 
the  party's  candidate  in  the  first  election  after  the  confederation.  He  served  as 
alderman  for  two  terms  in  1884  an<i  1885-  H's  religious  views  are  in  accord 
with  the  doctrines  of  the  Presbyterian  church.  Few  men  are  more  honored  or 
more  widely  known  in  this  part  of  the  province  than  he,  who  has  assisted  in  its 
development  and  aided  in  its  upbuilding,  and  few  more  richly  deserve  esteem  and 
popularity. 

EDWIN  JAMES  ROTHWELL,  M.  D.  • 

Dr.  Edwin  James  Rothwell,  who  has  displayed  notable  skill  as  a  surgeon  and 
is  known  as  one  of  the  busiest  physicians  of  New  Westminster,  has  for  more  than 
a  decade  practiced  his  profession  in  partnership  with  Dr.  T.  S.  Hall  under  the 
firm  name  of  Hall  &  Rothwell.  His  birth  occurred  in  Brantford,  Ontario,  on  the 
I9th  of  October,  1870,  his  parents  being  William  and  Margaret  (Turnbull)  Roth- 
well. The  father  is  a  native  of  Perth,  Lanark  county,  Ontario,  while  the  mother 
was  born  near  Gait,  Brant  county,  Ontario.  William  Rothwell  was  long  identi- 
fie'd  with  educational  work,  being  for  about  fifteen  years  a  member  of  the  faculty 
of  Brantford  Collegiate  Institute.  In  1890  he  removed  to  Regina,  Saskatchewan, 
where  for  eighteen  years  he  acted  in  the  capacity  of  inspector  of  schools.  For 
past  three  years,  however,  he  has  lived  in  honorable  retirement. 

Having  determined  upon  the  medical  profession  as  his  life  work,  Edwin  J. 
Rothwell  entered  Toronto  University,  which  institution  conferred  upon  him  the 
degree  of  M.  D.  in  1896.  In  January,  1897,  he  came  to  British  Columbia,  passed 
the  examination  before  the  council  of  physicians  and  surgeons  of  the  province 
and  began  practice  at  Trail,  where  he  followed  his  profession  continuously  until 
1902.  In  that  year  he  came  to  New  Westminster  and  formed  a  partnership  with 
Dr.  T.  S.  Hall,  with  whom  he  has  since  been  associated  under  the  name  of  Hall 
&  Rothwell,  constituting  one  of  the  most  successful  and  best  known  firms  of 
surgeons  in  British  Columbia.  Dr.  Rothwell  is  a  valued  member  of  the  British 
Columbia  Medical  Association  and  has  well  earned  his  reputation  as  one  of  the 
most  eminent  surgeons  of  the  province. 

In  November,  1900,  Dr.  Rothwell  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Eva  McBee, 
of  Pendleton,  Oregon,  her  father  being  Henry  McBee,  a  prominent  stockman 
of  that  place.  Both  the  Doctor  and  his  wife  are  consistent  members  of  the  Pres- 
byterian church  and  enjoy  the  high  esteem  and  regard  of  all  who  know  them. 


MAJOR  WILLIAM  B.  BARWIS. 

Major  William  B.  Barwis,  manager  for  the  Manufacturers  Life  Insurance 
Company  at  Vancouver,  was  born  in  Megantic,  Quebec,  June  28,  1863,  his 
parents  being  Thomas  Shepard  and  Adeline  Barwis,  the  former  a  lieutenant 
colonel  in  the  Fifty-fifth  Megantic  Rifles.  The  family  dates  back  to  the  time 
of  the  Crusades,  many  of  its  members  being  prominent  in  the  naval  world. 
Major  Barwis  attended  St.  Francis  College  at  Richmond,  Quebec,  and  Nicolet 
College  in  the  Province  of  Quebec,  and  thus  with  broad  liberal  educational 
advantages  to  serve  as  the  foundation  of  his  success  he  made  his  way  to  the 
west  in  1881  and  started  in  life  on  his  own  account  at  Calgary,  where  he 
engaged  in  ranching  for  eight  years.  In  1889  he  turned  his  attention  to  the 
insurance  business,  remaining  a  resident  of  that  district  until  1907,  when  he 


DR.   EDWIX  J.  EOTHWELL 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  81 

came  to  Vancouver  to  accept  the  position  of  manager  with  the  Manufacturers 
Life  Insurance  Company,  in  which  capacity  he  is  still  serving.  As  an  exe- 
cutive officer  of  this  company  he  has  carefully  directed  its  interests,  thoroughly 
systematizing  the  work  in  its  various  departments  and  so  enlarging  and  devel- 
oping its  policy  as  to  produce  substantial  and  desired  effect  in  the  annual  result. 
During  his  residence  in  Vancouver  he  has  made  judicial  investment  in  prop- 
erty here  and  is  now  the  owner  of  valuable  holdings. 

An  interesting  military  chapter  constitutes  a  force  in  the  life  record  of 
William  B.  Barwis  who  from  the  age  of  nine  years  was  with  his  father  in  the 
Fifty-fifth  Megantic  Rifles,  continuing  with  that  regiment  until  1880.  He 
afterward  spent  one  year  in  the  Richmond  Field  Battery  and  served  through 
the  Northwest  rebellion  in  1885  with  Colonel  Steele's  scouts.  He  subsequently 
organized  the  First  Cavalry  in  Calgary,  G  Squadron,  in  1901,  and  was  major, 
second  in  command,  of  the  Fifteenth  Light  Horse  of  Calgary.  He  served  as 
major  from  1904  until  1908  when,  having  broken  bis  leg,  he  retired  with 
that  rank  on  the  i4th  of  September,  1909. 

In  Calgary  Major  Barwis  was  married  to  Miss  Nora  Creina  Jones,  a 
daughter  of  the  late  W.  E.  Jones,  M.  A.,  who  was  one  of  the  ablest  newspaper 
editors  in  Canada.  Major  Barwis  and  wife  have  two  sons:  Cuthbert,  attending 
Royal  Military  College  at  Kingston,  Ontario;  and  Geoffrey,  a  student  at  Ashbury 
College,  at  Ottawa,  Ontario. 

The  family  attend  the  Anglican  church.  Major  Barwis  is  an  exemplary 
representative  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  in  which  he  has  attained  high  rank, 
and  is  now  a  Mystic  Shriner.  He  belongs  also  to  the  Independent  Order  of 
Odd  Fellows  and  the  Sons  of  England,  while  in  more  strictly  social  lines  he  is 
'connected  with  the  Vancouver  and  United  Service  Clubs.  No  one  who  knows 
him  doubts  his  interest  in  municipal  or  governmental  affairs  nor  has  found 
him  remiss  in  his  duties  in  any  relation  of  life.  He  is  especially  active  in  proj- 
ects for  the  public  good  in  Vancouver  and  cooperates  in  all  those  movements 
which  are  a  matter  of  civic  virtue  and  civic  pride. 


SPENCER  \V.  WARREX. 

Extensive  experience  and  thorough  training  well  fit  Spencer  W.  Warren  for 
the  important  position  of  manager  of  the  Webb  &  Gifford  Automobile  &  Gasoline 
Works  of  New  Westminster.  He  is  one  of  the  younger  business  men  of  the  city 
and  highly  respected  by  all  who  know  him  for  the  honorable  qualities  in  his 
character  and  the  perseverance  he  has  shown  in  making  his  way  in  the  world. 
He  was  born  in  Wrandsworth,  county  of  Surrey,  England,  July  18,  1883,  a  son 
of  Samuel  William  and  Sarah  Ann  (Horwood)  Warren,  the  former  a  native  of 
Somerset  and  the  latter  of  Biddeford,  Devonshire.  Samuel  William  Warren  had 
a  long  official  record  of  faithful  service,  having  been  for  twenty-six  years  a 
member  of  the  Metropolitan  police  of  London.  Both  he  and  his  wife  passed 
away  in  Kent  county,  England. 

Spencer  W.  Warren  was  reared  under  the  parental  roof  and  acquired  his  edu- 
cation in  the  Dartford  grammar  school  in  Kent  county,  England,  which  he  left 
at  the  early  age  of  fifteen  in  order  to  apprentice  himself  to  the  machinist's  trade. 
He  served  a  four  years'  apprenticeship  and  subsequently  was. employed  by  the 
London  Paper  Mills  Company  as  engineer  for  about  three  years,  after  which, 
in  March,  1904,  he  came  to  Canada.  He  at  first  worked  three  years  at  his  trade 
of  machinist  for  E.  Long,  of  Orillia,  Ontario,  a  manufacturer  of  sawmill  machin- 
ery, and  subsequently  was  connected  with  the  Premier  Motor  Company  of 
Toronto,  Ontario,  engaged  in  the  building  of  gasoline  engines.  With  this  concern 
he  remained  for  two  years  and  then  made  his  way  to  the  west,  working  along 
the  route  and  stopping  for  a  short  time  at  Winnipeg,  Edmonton  and  Calgary, 
arriving  in  Vancouver  in  August,  1910.  In  that  city  he  went  to  work  in  the  shops 


82  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

of  Letson  &  Burpee,  manufacturers  of  canning  machinery  and  gasoline  engines. 
On  April  i,  1912,  Mr.  Warren  came  to  Xew  Westminster  and  after  a  period 
with  W.  R.  Jaynes,  became  identified  with  Webb  &  Gifford  and  was  subsequently 
put  in  charge  of  the  gasoline  engine  department  of  their  business.  His  natural 
ability  and  wide  experience  well  fitted  him  for  this  important  position  and  he 
enjoys  the  full  confidence  of  his  employers  who  give  him  large  leeway  as- 
executive  of  the  department,  having  strong  faith  in  his  managerial  ability  and 
intimate  knowledge  of  the  details  of  the  work. 

On  June  5,  1912,  Mr.  Warren  married  Miss  Jessie  Imrie  Taylor,  formerly 
of  Dundee,  Scotland.  Uoth  he  and  his  wife  are  members  of  the  Church  of 
England,  in  the  work  of  which  they  are  actively  and  helpfully  interested.  Politi- 
cally Mr.  Warren  is  a  conservative,  stanchly  upholding  the  principles  and  can- 
didates of  his  party,  and  is  always  ready  to  give  his  support  to  any  worthy  public 
enterprise  undertaken  to  benefit  the  city  or  province.  Since  coming  to  New 
Westminster  he  has  made  rapid  progress  and  a  continuous  rise  may  be  prophesied 
for  the  future.  He  is  a  man  of  natural  ability  and  has  quickly  embraced  the 
western  spirit  of  agressiveness,  being  well  fitted  to  undertake  even  the  most 
responsible  of  positions.  In  business  and  social  circles  he  is  popular  and  highly 
esteemed  on  account  of  his  frankness,  his  pleasing  manner  and  manly  character- 
istics. 


EDWARD  HEWETSON  HEAPS. 

Edward  Hewetson  Heaps,  of  the  firm  of  E.  H.  Heaps  &  Co.,  Limited,  is  occupy- 
ing a  leading  position  as  a  lumber  manufacturer  of  the  province  of  British  Colum- 
bia, being  at  the  head  of  one  of  the  enterprises  that  have  in  large  measure  con- 
tributed to  the  upbuilding,  substantial  growth  and  commercial  advancement  of 
the  province. 

Mr.  Heaps  was  born  in  Westmoreland,  England,  on  the  26th  of  March,  1851. 
His  father,  Thomas  Heaps,  of  Yorkshire,  was  an  architect  and  builder,  a  devoted 
adherent  of  the  Methodist  church,  and  for  fifty  years  a  local  preacher.  He  lived' 
to  the  age  of  seventy-five  and  left  behind  him  an  example  of  sterling  integrity, 
rigid  uprightness  and  undeviating  adherence  to  all  that  is  pure  and  true.  He  was 
survived  by  his  beloved  wife  for  three  years.  There  were  five  children  of  the 
marriage,  all  today  occupying  positions  of  respect  and  influence. 

Edward  H.  Heaps,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  the  youngest  of  his  father's 
family.  He  was  educated  at  the  Egremont  Academy,  conducted  by  the  Rev. 
Robert  Love,  and  upon  completion  of  his  studies  was  apprenticed  to  the  firm 
of  Stead  Brothers,  cotton  brokers  of  Liverpool,  with  whom  he  remained  seven 
years.  By  steady  and  unremitting  application  to  his  duties  he  earned  the  respect 
and  confidence  of  his  employers.  The  firm  would  willingly  have  retained  his 
services,  and  promotion  was  offered,  but  Mr.  Heaps  had  decided  to  seek  his 
fortunes  in  the  new  world.  He  remained  in  America  for  three  years,  learning 
the  ways  of  the  country,  and  engaging  variously  in  farming,  storekeeping  and' 
lumbering.  At  the  end  of  this  period  he  returned  to  England,  when  his  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Anna  Robinson,  of  Manchester,  took  place.  For  eleven  years 
thereafter  he  resided  in  Manchester,  carrying  on  a  profitable  business  in  the 
manufacture  of  cotton  goods,  a  natural  development  of  his  seven  years'  experi- 
ence in  the  cotton  trade. 

His  health  failing,  and  there  now  being  a  growing  family  of  children  with 
futures  to  provide  for,  Mr.  Heaps  again  decided  to  try  fortune  in  the  new  world. 
Accordingly,  in  1886,  the  family  left  England  for  America.  Three  years  were 
spent  in  the  eastern  states  and  Canada,  but  believing  that  the  great  northwest 
offered  still  further  business  opportunities,  Mr.  Heaps  in  1888  brought  his  fam- 
ily to  British  Columbia. 


KDWARD  H.  HEAPS 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  85 

In  this  province  the  lumber  industry,  with  its  wonderful  future,  attracted  Mr. 
Heaps'  attention.  He  built  a  sawmill,  sash,  door  and  furniture  factory  on  False 
•creek.  This  business  was  turned  into  a  stock  company,  but  eventually  the  plant  was 
destroyed  by  fire.  Mr.  Heaps,  however,  had  previously  established  a  machinery 
and  mill  supply  business,  under  the  style  of  ±i.  H.  Heaps  &  Company.  In  the 
course  of  this  business  he  again  became  interested  in  the  manufacture  of  lumber 
.and  shingles.  The  business  grew  rapidly,  and  in  the  year  1896  William  Sulley 
became  a  member  of  the  firm.  The  business  has  since  kept  pace  with  the  growth 
of  the  city  and  western  Canada,  and  is  now  one  of 'the  large  concerns  of  the 
province.  The  company  operate  two  large  plants,  viz :  Cedar  Cove  Mills  in 
\  ancouver,  including  a  modern  sawmill  with  a  capacity  of  about  one  hundred 
thousand  feet  per  day,  large  sash  and  door  factory,  planing  mill,  box  factory, 
also  well  equipped  blacksmith  and  machine  shops ;  and  Kuskin  Mills  on  the 
Fraser  river  at  the  mouth  of  Stave  river,  where  the  company  owns  the  town- 
site  and  operates  saw,  shingle  and  planing  mills,  general  store,  etc.  Shipments 
are  made  to  the  eastern  and  middle  states,  to  all  parts  of  Canada,  and  to  foreign 
markets.  Employment  is  furnished  to  a  large  number  of  men.  Mr.  Heaps 
devotes  close  attention  to  the  business,  which  is  conducted  upon  modern  lines, 
in  keeping  with  the  progressive  ideas  of  the  day.  The  business  has  become  a 
stock  company  with  a  capital  of  six  million  dollars  fully  paid.  Mr.  Heaps  is 
president  and  general  manager;  E.  M.  Heaps  and  J.  W.  Heaps,  vice  presidents; 
John  Heaps,  secretary,  and  A.  R.  Heaps,  treasurer.  II.  A.  Stone,  William  Sulley 
and  A.  D.  Gurd  are  directors. 

Mr.  Heaps  is  interested  in  many  other  enterprises,  and  is  president  of  the 
Heaps  Timber  Company,  Ltd.,  a  company  dealing  in  timber  and  land;  the  Heaps 
Engineering  Company,  Ltd.;  the  Heaps  Llrick  Company,  Ltd.;  the  A.  S.  French 
Auto  Company,  Ltd. ;  the  Columbia  Trust  Company,  Ltd. ;  was  one  of  the 
organizers  and  one  of  the  first  directors  of  the  Bank  of  Vancouver,  and  is  inter- 
ested in  many  other  companies.  He  has  also  served  as  alderman,  police  com- 
missioner, and  is  one  of  the  oldest  members  of  the  Board  of  Trade  and  a  past 
president.  His  four  sons,  Edward  Moore,  James  Wilson,  John  and  Arthur 
Robinson,  are  all  engaged  with  their  father  in  the  business.  There  are  besides 
three  daughters :  Kate  Eden,  Constance  Anna  and  Elsie  Frankland.  The  fam- 
ily occupy  a  beautiful  home  at  Cedar  Cove,  the  thriving  suburb  which  has 
sprung  into  existence  as  a  result  of  the  development  of  industry  at  this  point. 
They  are  connected  with  the  Church  of  England  and  take  an  active  part  in  the 
furtherance  of  affairs  of  All  Saints'  church  at  Cedar  Cove.  Mr.  Heaps  has 
many  friends.  His  honorable  business  methods,  his  unremitting  diligence,  his 
intellectual  strength  and  individuality  have  won  him  well  deserved  success,  respect 
and  esteem. 


EDWIX  DIXON  CARDER,  M.  D. 

Dr.  Edwin  Dixon  Carder,  successfully  engaged  in  the  practice  of  medicine 
and  surgery  in  Vancouver  since  1906  and  specializing  in  the  treatment  of  diseases 
of  children  and  infectious  diseases,  was  born  in  St.  Thomas,  Ontario,  November 
8,  1875,  his  parents  being  Marshall  and  Eliza  Carder.  His  grandfather  was  at 
one  time  a  well  known  and  prominent  physician  of  Ontario.  The  youthful  days 
of  Dr.  Edwin  D.  Carder  were  largely  devoted  to  the  acquirement  of  a  public- 
school  education  in  his  native  city,  followed  by  a  course  in  Toronto  University, 
from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1896  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts.  He 
then  entered  upon  preparation  for  a  professional  career,  pursuing  his  medical 
studies  in  Toronto  University  which  conferred  upon  him  the  M.  D.  degree  in 
1900.  He  put  his  theoretical  knowledge  to  the  practical  test  in  a  year's  service 
as  surgeon  in  the  Toronto  General  Hospital  and  later  he  spent  two  years  as  surgeon 
on  the  Empress  of  India,  sailing  from  Vancouver  to  Hong  Kong.  In  1903  he 


86  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

went  to  Port  Arthur,  Ontario,  where  he  remained  in  practice  until  early  in  the 
year  1905,  when  he  went  to  England  pursuing  a  post-graduate  course  at  the 
London  Hospital.  He  has  remained  throughout  his  entire  professional  career 
a  diligent  and  discriminating  student  of  the  science  of  medicine  and  surgery  and 
has  continuously  promoted  his  knowledge  through  wide  reading  and  investigation. 
In  1906  he  came  to  Vancouver  and  in  that  year  was  superintendent  of  the 
General  Hospital,  but  in  November  withdrew  from  active  connection  with  that 
institution  and  opened  an  office  for  private  practice  in  which  he  has  met  with 
excellent  success,  the  number  of  his  patrons  growing  year  by  year.  While  he 
engages  in  general  practice  he  makes  a  specialty  of  diseases  of  children  and 
infectious  diseases  and  displays  notable  skill  and  ability  along  those  lines. 

On  the  I2th  of  October,  1909,  in  Vancouver,  Dr.  Carder  was  united  in 
marriage  to  Miss  Barbara  Maclennan,  a  daughter  of  Duncan  and  Margaret  Mac- 
lennan,  descendants  of  an  old  Highland  Scotch  family.  The  only  child  of  Dr. 
and  Mrs.  Carder  has  been  named  for  her  mother,  Margaret.  Dr.  Carder  belongs 
to  the  Toronto  chapter  of  the  Delta  L'psilon  fraternity.  He  also  has  membership 
in  Shuniah  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  Port  Arthur,  Ontario,  and  Aaron  Lodge, 
I.  O.  O.  F.  He  belongs  likewise  to  the  Terminal  City  Club  but  regards  these 
things  but  as  side  issues  to  an  active  professional  career.  He  is  interested  in 
every  thing  that  tends  to  bring  to  man  the  key  to  the  complex  mystery  which 
we  call  life  and  his  reading  and  study  have  been  broad  and  comprehensive, 
developing  his  ability  along  lines  which  make  his  service  of  great  usefulness  to 
his  fellowmen. 


J.  G.  ANDERSON. 

An  initiative  spirit,  a  power  of  business  organization,  enterprise,  industry 
and  ability  have  carried  J.  G.  Anderson  into  important  relations  with  business 
interests  in  Vancouver,  where  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Barr  &  Anderson, 
Ltd.,  he  is  identified  with  the  conduct  of  one  of  the  oldest,  largest  and  most 
important  plumbing  and  heating  establishments  in  the  city.  He  was  born  in 
Gloucester,  Massachusetts,  December  21,  1874,  and  is  a  son  of  James  L.  and 
Elizabeth  (Gray)  Anderson,  natives  of  Nova  Scotia,  who  went  to  Massachusetts 
about  the  year  1866,  settling  at  Gloucester.  The  father  followed  the  sea  as  a 
captain  on  coastwise  vessels  running  out  of  that  city  and  he  there  maintained 
his  home  until  1890,  when  he  came  to  Vancouver.  For  about  ten  years  there- 
after he  commanded  vessels  on  the  Pacific  coast  and  at  the  end  of  that  time 
retired  from  active  life,  being  then  seventy-two  years  of  age.  He  and  his  wife 
still  reside  in  Vancouver  and  are  well  known  and  popular  in  the  city. 

J.  G.  Anderson  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  and  high  schools  of 
Gloucester,  Massachusetts,  graduating  in  1890.  During  his  entire  active  business 
life  he  has  been  in  some  way  connected  with  the  plumbing  and  heating  trade, 
for  in  1891,  when  he  came  to  Vancouver,  he  began  a  three  years'  apprenticeship, 
following  this  by  a  similar  period  of  work  as  a  journeyman.  On  the  1st  of 
February,  1898,  he  joined  M.  J.  Barr  in  the  establishment  of  a  plumbing  and 
heating  business  under  the  name  of  Barr  &  Anderson  and  their  copartnership 
continued  until  August,  1912,  when  the  business  was  incorporated  as  Barr  & 
Anderson,  Ltd.  This  is  one  .of  the  oldest,  strongest  and  most  reliable  firms  of  its 
kind  in  Vancouver  and,  although  still  a  young  man,  Mr.  Anderson  ranks  with 
the  pioneers  in  this  line  of  work  in  the  city,  the  patronage  which  his  firm  con- 
trols having  been  built  up  during  many  years  of  reliable  dealing  and  straight- 
forward and  honorable  business  methods.  Barr  &  Anderson,  Ltd.,  do  all  kinds 
of  plumbing,  heating  and  ventilating  work  and  have  been  entrusted  with  some 
of  the  largest  municipal  and  private  contracts  in  the  province.  They  have 
installed  the  heating  in  the  Victoria  high  school,  the  new  Vancouver  Hotel,  the 
courthouse  and  the  Rogers  building  in  this  city  and  in  some  of  the  largest  public 


J.  G.  ANDERSON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  89 

1  uildings  in  the  province,  their  territory  extending  to  all  parts  of  British 
(  olumbia.  A  great  deal  of  the  credit  for  the  rapid  expansion  of  the  enterprise 
i-  due  to  the  energy,  ability  and  progressive  spirit  of  Mr.  Anderson,  who  has 
given  practically  all  of  his  attention  to  the  business  since  its  organization.  He 
possesses  in  his  thorough  and  comprehensive  knowledge  of  his  trade,  his  general 
business  ability  and  his  power  of  organization  and  control  the  elements  upon 
v,  hich  all  commercial  prosperity  is  founded,  and  these  qualities,  guided  by  sound 
a  id  practical  judgment,  have  carried  him  forward  to  a  place  of  prominence  in 
b  isiness  circles  of  Vancouver  and  made  his  firm  one  of  the  most  reliable  in 
the  city. 

Mr.  Anderson  was  married  in  Boston  on  the  29th  of  August,  1906,  to  Miss 
Mary  Elizabeth  Irving,  and' both  are  well  known  in  social  circles  of  Vancouver. 
j\  r.  Anderson  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  church  and  is  connected  fraternally 
with  Mount  Herman  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  He 
it-  independent  in  .politics,  voting  according  to  his  personal  convictions  without 
n  gard  to  party  lines,  and  he  is  interested  in  everything  that  pertains  to  municipal 
development,  although  he  never  seeks  public  office.  To  its  advancement  he  has 
rrade  tangible  and  substantial  contributions  during  the  years  he  has  engaged  in 
business  here  and  in  Vancouver  today  he  is  known  as  a  man  of  tried  integrity 
and  substantial  worth,  to  whom  success  has  come  as  a  result  of  merit  and 
al  "ility. 

ALBERT  ROBERT  FANNING. 

Albert  Robert  Fanning,  secretary  of  the  Hopper-Phillips  Company,  Ltd., 
b;  nkers  of  Vancouver,  and  therefore  prominent  in  financial  circles  of  the  province, 
h;  s  risen  step  by  step  to  his  present  enviable  position,  the  simple  weight  of  his 
d  aracter  and  ability  bringing  him  into  important  relations.  He  was  born  Feb- 
ruary 28,  1858,  in  Fergus,  Ontario,  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Hannah  (Clark)  Fanning, 
th :  former  a  well  known  farmer  of  Ontario.  In  the  public  schools  near  his  father's 
he  me  the  son  pursued  his  education  and,  attracted  by  the  opportunities  of  the 
west,  prompted  by  laudable  ambition  and  stimulated  by  a  desire  to  know  some- 
th  ng  of  the  country,  he  went  to  Manitoba  in  1878.  For  five  years  he  was 
engaged  in  the  plastering  business  at  Portage  la  Prairie,  after  which  he  turned 
hit  attention  to  farming,  which  he  followed  in  Manitoba  until  1895.  He  then 
rei  loved  to  Newdale,  Manitoba,  where  he  was  appointed  postmaster,  filling  the 
portion  acceptably  until  1911.  During  that  period  he  also  engaged  in  the  grain 
business  and  conducted  a  hardware  store  at  Newdale  and  then,  still  further 
ex;ending  the  scope  of  his  activities,  he  opened  a  private  bank  in  1904,  under 
th-:  style  of  Fanning  &  McGill.  The  business  was  successfully  established  and 
coiducted  until  1909,  when  they  sold  out  to  the  Union  Bank.  On  disposing  of 
hi;;  interests  in  Newdale  and  retiring  from  the  position  of  postmaster  Mr.  Fanning 
came  to  Vancouver  in  1911  and  associated  himself  with  Hopper-Phillips  Company, 
Lti,  bankers.  He  was  appointed  secretary  and  with  a  financial  interest  in  the 
business  is  active  in  control  of  its  affairs,  bending  his  energies  to  administrative 
diiection.  He  has  already  gained  a  place  among  the  capable  financiers  of  the 
citf,  h'is  worth  being  evident  to  all  who  have  had  occasion  to  know  aught  of  his 
connection  with  business  affairs  here. 

On  the  24th  of  February,  1884,  at  Rapid  City,  Manitoba,  Mr.  Fanning  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Mary  Jamieson,  a  daughter  of  John  and  Catherine 
(I  wing)  Jamieson,  who  were  pioneers  of  Manitoba.  Their  children  are  Edwin 
and  Edith.  In  religious  faith  the  family  are  Presbyterians.  Mr.  Fanning  belongs 
to  the  Prince  of  Wales  Lodge,  No.  15,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  Manitoba.  His  political 
alhgiance  is  given  to  the  liberal  party  and,  well  informed  on  the  questions  and 
issies  of  the  day,  he  is  able  to  support  his  position  by  intelligent  argument.  He 
was  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  municipality  of  Harrison  for  eighteen  years, 


90  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

which  municipality  was  named  in  honor  of  the  late  D.  H.  Harrison,  father  of 
George  H.  Harrison,  manager  of  the  Merchants  bank  of  Vancouver.  Mr. 
Fanning's  long  retention  in  this  position  is  incontrovertible  proof  of  his  capability 
and  fidelity— traits  which  have  characterized  his  entire  life  and  gained  for  him  the 
honor  and  respect  of  his  fellowmen. 


HON.  CHARLES  EDWARD  POOLEY. 

On  the  28th  of  March,  1912,  Hon.  Charles  Edward  Pooley  died  in  Victoria. 
His  death  marked  the  passing  of  a  pioneer  in  the  professional,  political,  social 
and  athletic  life  of  the  capital,  a  man  whose  force,  power  and  personality  were 
dominating  elements  in  shaping  the  direction  of  development  and  whose  individual 
success  was  great  enough  to  place  him  among  the  representative  men  of  the  city 
and  district  where  for  almost  a  half  century  he  had  made  his  home.  During 
that  time  he  controlled  an  extensive  and  lucrative  private  law  practice,  was  for 
twenty-two  years  a  member  of  the  provincial  parliament  and  a  constructive  force 
in  military  and  athletic  affairs,  a  man  of  wide  interests,  forceful  personality  and 
important  accomplishments.  He  was  born  in  Upwood,  England,  February  9,  1845, 
and  was  a  son  of  Thomas  Pooley,  of  Huntingdonshire,  England,  and  Sarah,  a 
daughter  of  Thomas  Brighty.  He  acquired  his  early  education  in  the  Huntingdon 
and  Bedford  grammar  schools.  In  1862,  attracted  by  the  gold  excitement,  he  came 
to  British  Columbia  via  Panama,  arriving  in  Victoria  on  the  9th  of  June  of  that 
year.  After  a  short  time  spent  in  prospecting  and  mining  he  turned  his  attention 
to  the  study  of  law  and  by  close  application  and  unremitting  industry  laid  the 
foundation  for  his  future  successful  career  at  the  bar.  About  1867  he  was  gazetted 
as  registrar  general  of  the  supreme  court  and  he  held  that  position  until  May  I, 
1879,  traveling  over  the  country  with  Sir  M.  B.  Begbie.  In  1877  he  was  called 
to  the  bar  and  in  1879  he  became  a  law  partner  of  Hon.  A.  E.  B.  Davie,  Q.  C., 
under  the  firm  style  of  Davie  &  Pooley,  which  relationship  was  maintained  until 
the  death  of  the  senior  partner  in  August,  1889.  He  became  a  bencher  of  the 
Law  Society  in  1884,  serving  for  many  years  up  to  the  time  of  his  death  as 
treasurer  of  that  organization.  Mr.  Pooley's  legal  career  was  a  remarkably  suc- 
cessful one.  In  1887  he  was  commissioned  queen's  counsel.  In  the  early  days  of 
his  practice  he  became  known  as  a  strong  and  able  barrister,  possessed  of  keen 
insight,  sound  judgment  and  exhaustive  legal  knowledge,  and  as  his  reputation 
grew  his  patronage  extended  until  he  finally  controlled  an  immense  volume  of 
business,  connecting  him  with  some  of  the  most  important  litigation  before  the 
courts  of  the  province.  He  handled  the  vast  amount  of  legal  business  of  the 
Dunsmuir  interests  on  Vancouver  island  and  other  important  work  of  a  similar 
nature,  his  ability  in  the  conduct  of  these  important  affairs  placing  him  among 
the  prominent  barristers  in  this  part  of  the  province.  He  was  active  in  business 
also,  being  a  large  shareholder  and  a  director  in  the  Esquimalt  Water  Works 
Company  and  a  director  in  the  Colonist  Printing  &  Publishing  Company  and  in 
many  other  industrial  and  commercial  enterprises. 

A  broad-minded  and  able  man,  Mr.  Pooley's  interests  extended  to  many  fields 
but  he  was  especially  active  in  the  political  life  of  the  province,  accomplishing 
during  his  twenty-two  years  as  a  member  of  the  British  Columbia  legislature  a 
notable  work  of  public  service.  He  was  a  member  of  the  fifth  parliament,  elected 
for  Esquimalt  in  1882,  and  acted  as  president  of  the  council  from  1886  to  1890, 
serving  as  speaker  from  1887  until  1889  and  also  subsequently,  from  1902  to  1907. 
He  was  a  member  and  president  of  the  council  from  1889  to  1902  and  during 
this  time,  in  July,  1894,  a  general  election  under  the  new  Redistribution  act,  which 
was  passed  during  the  fourth  session  of  the  sixth  parliament,  sustained  the  Davie 
administration  and  retained  Mr.  Pooley  as  president  of  the  council.  During  the 
Turner,  ministry,  from  1895  to  1898,  he  served  as  president  of  the  council  and 
during  the  Prior  administration,  from  November,  1902,  to  July,  1905,  was  a 


HOX.  CHARLES  E.  POOLEY 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  93 

member  of  parliament,  speaker  of  the  house  and  president  of  the  council  and  again 
under  the  McBride  administration  until  1905.  During  all  of  this  time  he  took 
a  prominent  part  in  legislation  looking  toward  advancement  and  reform,  proving 
himself  a  practical,  clear-sighted,  keen  politician,  able  to  cope  with  existing  political 
conditions  but  never  sacrificing  ultimate  good  to  present  benefit.  He  twice  declined 
the  premiership  of  British  Columbia  but  never  refused  to  give  his  aid  or  support 
to  movements  looking  toward  the  advancement  of  the  province,  and  he  left  the 
impress  of  his  great  ability  and  forceful  personality  upon  its  political  history, 

Mr.  Pooley  married,  in  November,  1869,  Miss  Elizabeth  Wilhelmina  Fisher, 
only  daughter  of  the  late  William  Fisher,  formerly  a  member  of  the  legislature 
for  Esquimalt.  Mrs.  Pooley  survives.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pooley  became  the  parents 
of  six  children:  Alice;  Hon.  Mrs.  Victor  A.  Stanley,  who  was  married  in  1896, 
her  husband,  the  Rt.  Hon.  Victor  A.  Stanley,  R.  X.,  being  the  second  son  of  the  late 
Lord  Derby,  and  a  brother  of  the  present  Lord  Derby ;  Thomas  E.,  who  served 
as  a  lieutenant  in  the  Strathcona  Horse  during  the  South  African  war  and  upon 
the  close  of  hostilities  secured  a  commission  in  the  regular  army,  being  stationed 
in  Egypt;  R.  H.,  the  present  member  of  the  local  legislature  for  the  Esquimalt 
district ;  Charles ;  and  Violet. 

Mr.  Pooley  served  as  captain  in  the  Canadian  Militia  for  a  number  of  years 
and  was  a  member  of  the  Union  Club  of  Victoria.  In  politics  he  was  a  conservative, 
while  his  religious  faith  was  that  of  the  Anglican  church.  His  residence,  Fernhill, 
is  on  Lampson  street,  Esquimalt.  He  was  a  man  of  magnificent  physique,  six 
feet  two  inches  in  height  and  with  a  powerful  frame,  and  he  commanded  attention 
in  any  gathering.  He  died  March  28,  1912,  and  his  passing  was  felt  as  a  keen  loss 
in  political  and  professional  circles  in  the  province.  His  name  swells  the  list  of 
men  who  build  for  all  time  and  who  establish  standards  of  attainment  to  which 
their  successors  must  closely  adhere  if  they  will  not  fail  in  carrying  forward  the 
work  so  well  begun. 


JOHN  ALEXANDER  HINTON. 

The  rapid  growth  of  the  Hinton  Electric  Company  of  Victoria,  British 
Columbia,  is  but  representative  of  the  aggressive  spirit  of  the  northwest — that 
spirit  which  is  typified  by  such  men  as  John  Alexander  Hinton,  the  founder  of 
this  important  manufacturing  enterprise.  A  native  of  Ottawa,  Ontario,  he  was 
born  on  August  24,  1873,  and  is  a  son  of  Robert  Joseph  and  Lila  (Hyde)  Hinton, 
members  of  the  Hinton  family  being  among  the  first  settlers  of  Ottawa. 

John  A.  Hinton  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  and  the  Collegiate 
Institute  of  Ottawa.  He  then  entered  business  circles  as  passenger  accountant  of 
the  Canada-Atlantic  Railway  Company  at  Ottawa,  which  is  now  a  part  of  the 
Grand  Trunk  system,  remaining  in  that  connection  for  about  seven  years,  and 
after  leaving  that  company  came  in  1896  to  Victoria,  where  he  has  been  engaged 
in  business  ever  since.  He  founded  upon  his  arrival  an  electric  supply  business 
under  the  firm  name  of  G.  C.  Hinton  &  Company,  which  so  continued  until  their 
incorporation  in  1900,  when  it  was  succeeded  by  the  Hinton  Electric  Company, 
of  which  our  subject  was  elected  president,  which  office  he  still  holds  and  also 
acts  as  managing  director.  The  success  of  the  business  must  be  largely  ascribed 
to  the  progressive  policies  inaugurated  by  Mr.  Hinton,  his  business  ability  and 
his  ready  understanding  of  local  conditions.  As  he  has  grown  with  the  expan- 
sion of  his  province  he  has  also  become  a  director  in  different  local  concerns, 
having  a  voice  in  a  number  of  industries  which  affect  the  general  commercial 
development  and  advancement. 

On  November  16,  1898.  Mr.  Hinton  was  united  in  marriage  in  Ottawa, 
Ontario,  to  Clare,  a  daughter  of  George  C.  and  Alison  H.  Holland,  the  former 
the  editor  of  the  Senate  Hansard  and  for  many  years  official  stenographer  of  the 

senate  at  Ottawa.    Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hinton  have  one  son,  Lyman  Hyde.    For  several 
vol.  rv—  4 


94  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

years  Mr.  Hinton  served  as  treasurer  of  the  Victoria  Automobile  Association, 
of  which  he  is  now  president.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Pacific  Club  and  the  Royal 
Victoria  Yacht  Club.  He  takes  a  great  pride  in  the  growth  of  Victoria  and  does 
everything  in  his  power  to  promote  its  interests.  He  is  a  lover  of  the  out-of- 
doors  and  in  communion  with  nature  finds  relaxation  from  his  arduous  duties. 
A  public-spirited  man,  he  recognizes  his  obligations  as  a  citizen,  yet  has  never 
cared  to  enter  political  circles,  although  he  can  ever  be  found  in  the  front  ranks 
of  those  who  gladly  give  their  support  to  any  worthy  public  enterprise. 


HON.  AUGUSTUS  FREDERICK  PEMBERTON. 

The  name  of  Hon.  Augustus  Frederick  Pemberton  is  closely  linked  with 
various  events  which  find  record  on  the  pages  of  British  Columbia's  history,  and 
his  life  record  therefore  cannot  fail  to  prove  of  general  interest.  He  was  born 
at  Clontarf,  near  Dublin,  Ireland,  about  1808,  and  was  the  youngest  son  of 
Joseph  Pemberton,  who  was  Lord  Mayor  of  the  city  at  one  time.  Augustus  F. 
Pemberton  was  also  an  uncle  of  Joseph  Despard  Pemberton,  who  is  mentioned 
at  length  on  another  page  of  this  work.  Augustus  F.  Pemberton  was  educated 
for  the  bar  and  for  several  years  filled  an  office  in  Dublin  Castle. 

He  arrived  at  Victoria  in  December,  1855,  having  traveled  to  Central  Amer- 
ica by  steamer  which  was  fired  on  by  rebel  forts  during  a  rebellion  which  was 
then  taking  place  in  the  Central  American  states.  Mr.  Pemberton  joined  a 
party  who  were  proceeding  overland  to  the  Pacific.  On  their  way  they  over- 
took a  large  band  of  emigrants  and  the  party  then  divided,  some  remaining  for 
protection  with  the  slow  moving  larger  band,  and  a  few  of  the  more  daring 
pushing  ahead.  The  Indians  were  on  the  war-path  and  it  was  thought  very 
risky  for  the  small  number.  The  sequel  proved  the  reverse,  for  the  small  party 
got  through  safely,  while  the  larger,  including  women  and  children,  were 
massacred. 

Air.  Pemberton  came  from  San  Francisco  to  Puget  Sound  by  sailing  ship  and 
crossed  the  straits  of  Fuca  from  Port  Townsend  in  a  trading  sloop  kept  by  a 
subsequent  notorious  smuggler,  Captain  Jones,  landing  at  Ross  Bay  and  walking 
into  the  fort  at  Victoria  during  divine  service  on  Sunday. 

Mr.  Pemberton  came  to  British  Columbia  to  follow  agricultural  pursuits,  but 
a  more  important  career  awaited  him.  Chartres  Brew,  who  later  became  his 
brother-in-law,  had  been  commissioned  by  the  home  government  to  organize  a 
police  department  on  Vancouver  island.  Mr.  Brew,  who  was  an  officer  of  the 
Royal  Irish  constabulary,  was  drafted  for  service  with  the  British  army  in  the 
Crimea  during  the  Crimean  war  and  when  that  was  over  was  sent  out  to  British 
Columbia  to  organize  a  constabulary  in  that  colony.  His  ship,  the  Austria,  was 
burned  in  mid-Atlantic.  Mr.  Brew  and  a  German  passenger  were  picked  up 
clinging  to  wreckage  by  a  passing  ship  and  carried  to  South  America,  whence  sev- 
eral months  later  Mr.  Brew  arrived  in  British  Columbia  where  he  found  that, 
being  supposed  to  be  lost,  Mr.  Pemberton  had  been  commissioned  by  Sir  James 
Douglas  to  organize  the  police  force  on  Vancouver  island  (Mr.  Brew  being  com- 
missioned to  a  similar  position  on  the  mainland  of  British  Columbia).  In  a 
twofold  capacity  of  commissioner  of  police  and  police  magistrate,  Mr.  Pember- 
ton was  for  several  years  prefect  of  the  city,  which  up  to  that  time  had  depended 
for  the  preservation  of  its  peace  on  the  single  constable. 

Mr.  Pemberton  was  a  man  well  qualified  to  meet  the  occasion  and  the  de- 
mands made  upon  him.  British  Columbia  was  just  upon  the  threshold  of  a 
career  of  broadening  development  and  rapid  growth  brought  about  by  the  gold 
discoveries  of  1858.  The  government  required  a  firm  and  wise  hand  to  control 
the  multitudes  which  were  suddenly  landed  here.  To  Mr.  Pemberton's  conduct 
and  prudence  was  mainly  due  the  good  order  which  obtained  when  the  city  was 


HON.    AUGUSTUS    F.    PEMBERTON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  97 

filled  with  men  to  the  number  of  ten  thousand  who  were  waiting  for  the  fall  of  the 
Fraser  river,  in  order  to  proceed  on  their  quest  for  gold,  the  fame  of  the  mineral 
deposits  of  this  district  having  attracted  them  to  British  Columbia.  Mr.  Pem- 
berton  was  the  sole  representative  of  law  and  order  in  Victoria.  To  secure  the 
preservation  of  peace  he  appointed  a  number  of  colored  policemen,  with  whom  the 
miners  at  once  declared  war,  carrying  their  enmity  so  far  as  to  threaten  to  throw 
one  of  the  objectionable  officers  into  the  harbor.  The  miners  were  rioting  at  the 
time  and  a  moment's  indecision  would  have  been  fatal.  It  was  not  shown,  how- 
ever. Mr.  Pemberton  alone  entered  between  the  ranks  of  the  rioters  and  by  his 
quiet  determination  compelled  them  to  release  the  prisoner.  In  following  cases 
he  settled  disputes  among  the  Indians  for  the  government,  in  which  position  he 
was  most  zealous  and  never  displayed  the  slightest  fear.  It  is  not  too  much  to 
say  that  next  to  Governor  Douglas  there  is  no  man  to  whom  the  country  is  more 
greatly  indebted  for  the  establishment  of  a  law-abiding  course  than  to  Mr.  Pem- 
berton.  As  a  member  of  the  executive  council  he  retired  with  the  well  earned 
title  of  Honorable  and  was  granted  a  pension  for  life  at  the  lime  of  the  confedera- 
tion of  the  colony  with  the  Dominion. 

Mr.  Pemberton  was  made  judge  of  the  county  court  and  was  afterwards,  in 
1872,  police  magistrate  of  Victoria,  but  resigned  both  offices,  lie  also  sat  as 
magistrate  in  the  house  of  the  assembly  during  Governor  Seymour's  term.  Dur- 
ing his  career  as  city  magistrate  he  was  known  to  be  eminently  impartial  and 
painstaking,  and  of  his  courage  and  coolness  in  the  hours  of  extreme  danger  many 
interesting  stories  are  told  by  the  early  settlers.  The  manner  in  which  Mr.  I'em- 
berton  dealt  with  the  Indians  in  early  days  gives  us  an  idea  of  his  courageous 
spirit.  He  mastered  various  Indian  languages  which  greatly  assisted  him  in  his 
work.  The  instance  has  been  recalled  that  Mr,  Pemberton  with  other  gentlemen 
was  at  one  time  living  in  a  cabin  in  an  isolated  part  of  the  town.  Six  thousand 
Indians  were  encamped  near  and  some  were  firing  rifles  at  the  cabin.  Mr.  1 'em-  , 
berton  coolly  walked  out  and  told  the  Indians  that  if  they  did  not  stop  he  would 
take  them  to  the  "skukum"'  house,  lie  was  only  one  against  thousands,  but  the 
way  and  manner  in  which  he  spoke  had  a  good  effect  upon  the  Indians,  who  imme- 
diately stopped  firing.  This  is  only  one  of  many  such  incidents  as  might  be  truly 
related  of  him  indicative  of  his  bravery  and  coolness  in  hours  of  danger. 

In  1861  Mr.  Pemberton  married  Miss  Jane  Augusta  ISrew,  a  sister  of  Chartres 
Brew,  who  had  been  lost  at  sea,  but  was  later  rescued  and  arrived  safely  in  llritish 
Columbia.  Miss  Brew  had  come  out  from  her  native  home  in  Tuam.  County  Gal- 
way,  Ireland,  to  keep  house  for  her  brother,  making  the  trip  by  way  of  the  isthmus 
of  Panama  and  landing  at  Esquimalt,  Vancouver  island,  whence  she  walked  to 
Victoria.  Soon  afterward  she  met  Mr.  Pemberton  and  was  married.  Three  chil- 
dren were  born  of  this  marriage,  of  whom  Augusta  Jane,  the  eldest,  died  at  the 
age  of  fourteen  years.  Chartres  Cecil,  who  was  born  May  18,  1864,  and  Evaline 
Mary,  now  a  resident  of  Halifax,  Kova  Scotia,  survive. 

Mr.  Pemberton,  though  living  a  quiet  life,  was  an  enthusiastic  sportsman  and 
in  his  younger  days  in  Ireland  was  one  of  the  best  amateur  cross  country  riders  of 
:he  Emerald  isle.  In  that  country  "Pemberton's  Leap"  was  spoken  of  for  many 
years  as  the  greatest  ever  made. 

Mr.  Pemberton  was  prominent  in  the  establishment  of  the  Reformed  Episcopal 
-•hurch,  of  which  he  was  a  regular  attendant  and  member  until  his  death.  He  was 
church  warden  of  the  first  Christ's  church  (afterward  destroyed  by  fire)  and 
prominently  associated  with  the  building  of  the  present  cathedral.  He  was  a  man 
)f  very  strong  religious  views,  doing  all  in  his  power  to  advance  the  cause  of 
freedom  in  religious  thought  which  he  championed.  Upon  resigning  as  police 
'Magistrate  he  retired  from  active  life.  His  death  occurred  October  18,  1891,  when 
ie  was  eighty-three  years  of  age,  and  his  wife  passed  away  in  June,  1889.  His 
ion,  Chartres  Cecil,  second  child  in  order  of  birth  and  now  engaged  in  the  real- 
estate  business  in  Victoria,  was  born  in  this  city  May  18,  1864,  and  was  educated 
n  the  public  schools  and  grammar  school  of  the  Reformed  Episcopal  church  and 
ander  the  private  tuition  of  his  tutor,  Robert  Williams. 


98  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

He  was  articled  in  the  office  of  Drake  &  Jackson,  solicitors,  and  was  called  to 
the  bar  of  British  Columbia  in  July,  1889.  He  began  practice  as  a  member  of 
the  firm  of  Walker  &  Pemberton,  with  which  he  continued  until  1892.  He  then 
practiced  alone  until  1899,  when  he  went  to  the  Yukon  to  enter  upon  the  active 
work  of  his  profession  and  while  there  filled  the  office  of  postmaster,  acting  at 
Lake  Bennett  until  that  postoffice  was  abandoned.  In  the  latter  part  of  1900  he 
returned  to  Victoria  and  withdrew  from  law  practice  to  engage  in  the  real-estate 
business.  He  first  conducted  a  general  agency  business,  insurance,  conveyancing, 
collections,  etc.,  but  in  more  recent  years  he  has  been  operating  a  general  real- 
estate  business,  operations  being  confined  largely  to  Gonzales  Hill,  which  is  the 
choicest  residence  section  of  the  city,  and  of  this  section  he  has  handled  the 
greater  part.  He  is  now  managing  director  of  The  Gonzales  Realty  Company, 
Limited,  and  devotes  most  of  his  time  to  the  real-estate  business. 

Mr.  Pemberton  has,  however,  other  important  business  interests  and  activities. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Natural  History  Society,  is  a  member  of  the  Native  Sons 
of  British  Columbia,  a  member  of  the  Political  Equality  League  and  is  a  strong 
conservative.  His  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Reformed  Episcopal  church.  His 
record  is  a  credit  to  an  honored  family  name  and  his  position  as  a  business  man 
and  citizen  is  alike  irreproachable  and  enviable. 


PERCY  BYNG  HALL. 

Prominent  among  the  enterprising,  progressive  and  successful  business  men 
of  Victoria  is  Percy  Byng  Hall,  senior  partner  in  the  firm  of  Hall  &  Floyer, 
investment  brokers  and  financial  agents.  He  comes  of  English  ancestry  and  was 
born  in  Murree,  India,  June  29,  1880,  his  parents  being  General  Charles  Henry 
and  Elizabeth  (Goldney)  Hall.  The  parental  grandfather,  Charles  Hall,  of 
Basingstoke,  England,  was  in  the  diplomatic  service  as  attache  to  the  court  of 
Wurtemberg.  His  wife  was  a  native  of  Austria.  The  maternal  grandfather. 
Colonel  Charles  Goldney,  a  native  of  England,  commanded  as  colonel,  a  regi- 
ment of  English  troops  in  the  Indian  army.  The  father,  who  was  a  native 
of  Basingstoke,  England,  had  a  long  military  record,  having  served  for  thirty- 
•eight  years  with  an  infantry  command  in  India.  He  retired  with  the  rank  of 
general  and  as  commissioner  of  Lahore,  in  1885.  Returning  to  England,  his 
•death  occurred  in  Germany  in  1893,  while  his  wife,  surviving  him  for  almost  two 
decades,  passed  away  in  1912. 

Percy  B.  Hall  attended  Wellington  College  at  Berkshire,  England,  and  after- 
ward entered  Sandhurst,  the  Royal  Military  College.  When  eighteen  years  of 
age  he  was  made  a  lieutenant  in  the  Thirty-fourth  Sikh  Pioneers,  stationed  at 
Punjab,  India,  where  he  served  for  eight  and  a  half  years.  In  China  he  was  a 
lieutenant  through  the  campaign  of  1900  and  was  made  a  member  of  the 
Distinguished  Service  Order.  At  the  present  writing  he  is  a  captain  of  the 
Eighty-eighth  Victoria  Eusiliers  of  Victoria,  British  Columbia. 

Captain  Hall  first  came  to  Canada  in  August,  1906,  settling  in  the  province  of 
Alberta,  where  he  operated  a  ranch  for  a  year.  He  then  came  to  British 
Columbia  in  1907,  taking  up  his  abode  at  Shawnigan,  and  in  1910  he  removed 
to  Victoria,  where  he  formed  the  present  partnership  of  Hall  &  Floyer.  They 
conduct  a  general  real-estate  and  insurance  business  and  act  as  financial  agents. 
They  are  specializing  in  Port  Edward  property  and  the  Port  Edward  town  site 
in  particular.  The  firm  has  its  office  at  the  corner  of  View  and  Douglas  streets, 
where  they  are  supplied  with  all  facilities  for  handling  their  extensive  and  grow- 
ing business,  having  now  a  large  clientele  which  they  represent  in  real-estate 
transactions  and  in  investments.  Mr.  Hall  is  also  manager,  of  the  Anglo-British 
Columbian  Securities,  Limited.  He  belongs  to  the  Real  Estate  Exchange  and 
to  the  Stock  Exchange  and  does  everything  in  his  power  to  further  business 
activity  and  promote  the  development  of  the  northwest. 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  99 

On  the  ist  of  November,  1905,  in  Lahore,  India,  Mr.  Hall  married  Miss 
Muriel  O'Callaghan,  a  daughter  of  Sir  Francis  O'Callaghan,  a  native  of  County 
Cork,  Ireland.  He  is  one  of  the  world's  renowned  railway  engineers,  having 
built  the  Attock  bridge  in  India  and  the  Khojak  tunnel  in  Baluchistan  for 
strategical  purposes,  connecting  India  with  Afghanistan.  He  also  built  the 
Uganda  Railway  and  supervised  the  construction  of  many  other  large  under- 
takings in  different  parts  of  these  countries.  His  wife  was  of  English  lineage. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hall  have  three  children :  Percy  Byng,  who  was  born  on  the  i/th 
of  April,  1907;  Maureen,  whose  birth  occurred  on  the  27th  of  May,  1910;  and 
Desmond,  born  in  December,  1912. 

In  politics  Mr.  Hall  is  a  conservative  but  not  an  active  party  worker.  He 
belongs  to  the  Union  Club  of  Victoria  and  has  many  warm  friends  in  business 
and  social  circles.  His  favorite  sports  are  hunting  and  boating,  yet  he  never 
allows  these  to  interfere  with  his  business  affairs.  His  success  is  due  to  con- 
servative business  methods,  yet  in  safeguarding  his  interests  he  docs  not  sacrifice 
the  progressiveness  essential  to  success  in  his  particular  line  of  business.  He  is 
gifted  with  that  quality  which  for  want  of  a  better  term  has  been  called  personal 
magnetism  and  he  inspires  confidence  in  those  with  whom  he  comes  in  contact. 
Mrs.  Hall  is  much,  interested  in  amateur  theatricals  and  is  a  great  lover  of  music. 
They  occupy  an  attractive  home  on  St.  Patrick's  street  in  the  Oak  Bay  district  of 
Victoria  and  are  prominent  and  popular  sociall)  in  the  city. 


WILLIAM  H.  MEIKLE. 

In  a  list  of  notable  men  who  have  directed  their  efforts  toward  promoting  the 
commercial  and  financial  growth  of  Vancouver  and  directly  and  indirectly  the 
permanent  interests  of  the  Dominion,  William  H.  Meikle  occupies  a  high  and 
honored  place.  As  a  surveyor  and  explorer  his  work  has  been  of  immeasurable 
value  to  Canada,  marking  a  distinct  advance  in  general  knowledge  of  conditions 
in  districts  before  unknown,  while  as  a  business  man  he  is  today  numbered  among 
the  important  factors  in  promoting  in  Vancouver  that  general  commercial,  finan- 
cial and  industrial  activity  which  means  growth  and  development.  He  was  born 
in  Fintry,  Scotland,  on  the  29th  of  March,  1871,  and  is  a  son  of  Matthew  and 
Janet  (Davidson)  Meikle,  the  former  a  clergyman,  who  was  educated  at  Glasgow 
University  and  afterward  removed  to  Fintry,  where  he  remained  until  his  death 
in  1895. 

William  H.  Meikle  acquired  his  education  at  Dollar  Academy,  a  famous 
school  in  Clackmannanshire,  Scotland,  and  afterward  went  to  Glasgow,  where 
he  served  an  apprenticeship  to  the  calico  printing  business  with  the  firm  of 
Guthrie  &  McArly.  After  three  years  he  went  to  Tarbolton,  Ayrshire,  and  was 
for  five  years  on  his  uncle's  farm  in  that  vicinity.  In  1897  he  came  to  Canada 
and,  settling  in  Vancouver,  was  for  several  months  employed  at  various  occupa- 
tions. In  the  spring  of  the  following  year  he  became  connected  with  the  firm  of 
Mackenzie  &  Mann  and  in  their  interests  became  a  member  of  the  party  which" 
surveyed  the  Dalton  trail  in  Alaska.  This  was  during  the  great  gold  rush  to  the 
Klondike  fields  in  1897  and  Mr.  Meikle  spent  some  time  in  the  Klondike  and 
also  in  the  Skagway  district,  where  he  witnessed  the  exciting  events  incident  to 
the  gold  rush  in  that  vicinity.  After  six  months  he  returned  to  Vancouver  and 
here  in  the  summer  of  1898  became  connected  with  an  exploring  party  which  went 
into  the  Fort  George  country,  then  an  unknown  wilderness.  From  there  they 
made  their  way  into  the  Peace  river  country  as  far  north  as  Fort  Graham  and 
:hence  westward  through  the  northern  part  of  British  Columbia  to  Hazelton,  on 
ie  Skeena  river,  and  then  to  the  coast  and  down  to  Vancouver.  This  journey  was 
accomplished  by  the  end  of  the  year  1898  and  was  characterized  by  more  than  the 
asual  hardships  and  dangers  which  accompany  those  who  travel  through  the 
wilderness,  blazing  the  trails  for  the  generations  of  civilization  which  follow 


loo  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

after.  The  party  compiled  much  valuable  data  for  their  employers  and  for  the 
Dominion  government  and  their  work  marked  the  beginning  of  history  in  the 
various  localities  which  they  entered  and  explored. 

After  returning  to  Vancouver  Mr.  Meikle  associated  himself  with  his  brother, 
John  D.  Meikle,  in  the  manufacture  of  aerated  water  and  under  the  firm  name 
of  Meikle  Brothers  they  conducted  a  large  and  flourishing  business  of  this  char- 
acter from  1899  until  1904.  In  the  latter  year,  again  hearing  the  call  of  the  wild, 
Mr.  Meikle  of  this  review  joined  an  exploring  and  "surveying  party  in  the  Bulkley 
valley  of  British  Columbia  and  becoming  impressed  with  the  possibilities  of  that 
locality,  decided  to  cast  his  lot  there.  Accordingly  he  went  to  the  Upper  Eraser 
river,  where  he  began  acquiring  timber  limits  for  himself  and  others,  also  taking 
up  land  in  the  vicinity  of  Fort  George.  He  continued  to  engage  in  real-estate 
operations  there  arid  in  Quesnel  for  five  years  thereafter  but  in  1910  returned 
to  Vancouver,  where  he  has  since  resided.  Here  in  association  with  John  G. 
Ullock,  of  whom  more  extended  mention  is  made  on  another  page  of  this 
work,  he  entered  the  land  and  timber  brokerage  business  and  in  May,  1911,  they 
organized  the  Great  West  Sand  &  Gravel  Company,  Limited,  with  offices  in  Van- 
couver and  North  Vancouver  and  with  docks  and  bunkers  in  the  latter  city.  Mr. 
Meikle  is  president  of  this  concern  and  has  evidenced  unusual  administrative 
ability  in  the  conduct  of  the  important  affairs  under  his  charge,  being  quick  in 
decision,  prompt  in  action  and  fearless  in  execution.  The  Great  West  Sand  & 
Gravel  Company,  Limited,  controls  a  large  and  important  business  and  is  con- 
stantly extending  the  scope  of  its  activities.  In  1912  a  coal  department  was  added 
to  the  enterprise  and  the  company  acts  as  agent  for  Wellington  coal,  this  branch 
of  the  concern  rapidly  proving  profitable  and  important. 

Mr.  Meikle  is  a  conservative  in  his  political  beliefs  and  while  a  resident  of 
Scotland  was  a  member  of  the  Royal  Naval  Artillery  Volunteers,  stationed  on 
the  Clyde.  He  is  a  lover  of  life  in  the  open  as  the  record  of  his  career  plainly 
shows  and  his  enthusiasm  on  this  subject  has  resulted  in  valuable  work  along 
lines  of  expansion  and  development  in  the  Dominion.  He  is  easily  among  the 
leaders  in  anything  that  he  desires  to  undertake  and  it  is  men  of  his  class  that 
are  most  important  in  promoting  the  progress  and  securing  the  permanency  of 
any  community. 


WALTER  GEORGE  SCRIM. 

One  of  the  recent  additions  to  the  various  business  enterprises  which  con- 
stitute the  industrial  and  commercial  activity  of  Vancouver  is  the  W.  G.  Scrim 
Lumber  Company,  which  was  organized  in  the  fall  of  1911  by  Walter  George 
Scrim,  who  is  sole  owner.  He  was  attracted  to  the  west  by  its  broadening 
opportunities  and  has  been  a  resident  of  British  Columbia  since  the  fall  of  1906. 
He  was  born  in  the  city  of  Quebec,  November  10,  1878,  a  son  of  Robert  and 
Matilda  (Davidson)  Scrim,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of  that  city.  The  father 
was  a  government  sealer  of  lumber  and  followed  that  business  throughout  his 
entire  life.  For  about  fifteen  years  he  was  in  the  employ  of  McLachlin  Broth- 
ers, of  Arnprior,  Ontario,  in  which  city  he  passed^away  in  1910.  His  widow 
still  survives  and  is  now  a  resident  of  Vancouver. 

Walter  George  Scrim  pursued  his  education  in  the  public  and  high  schools 
of  Arnprior,  supplemented  by  a  course  in  the  Brockville  Business  College,  which 
trained  him  for  commercial  life.  Like  his  father  he  entered  the  employ  of  Mc- 
Lachlin Brothers  of  Arnprior  and  his  faithfulness,  diligence  and  capability  are 
indicated  by  the  fact  that  he  remained  with  that  firm  for  nine  years.  On  the 
expiration  of  that  period  he  became  connected  with  the  Whitney  Lumber  Com- 
pany of  Whitney,  Ontario,  with  whom  he  remained  for  two  years,  and  sub- 
sequently spent  two  years  with  the  Pigeon  River  Lumber  Company  of  Port 
Arthur,  Ontario.  He  was  next  with  Lockhart  &  Company,  of  Fort  Francis, 


WALTER  G.  SCRIM 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  103 

Ontario,  for  two  years,  and  with  the  Rat  Portage  Lumber  Company  of  Kenora, 
Ontario,  for  a  year,  prior  to  his  removal  to  the  coast  country. 

In  the  fall  of  1906  Mr.  Scrim  arrived  in  Vancouver.  Through  his  previous 
business  experience  he  had  gradually  worked  his  way  upward  and  his  enter- 
prise and  energy,  coupled  with  careful  expenditure,  brought  to  him  the  capital 
that  enabled  him  to  engage  in  business  on  his  own  account  when  he  came  to 
this  province.  Immediately  after  his  arrival  he  organized  the  Oliver-Scrim 
Lumber  Company,  of  which  he  is  still  the  vice  president,  and  in  the  fall  of 
1911  he  formed  the  W.  G.  Scrim  Lumber  Company,  of  which  he  is  sole  owner. 
He  has  a  large  mill  at  Burnaby  which  has  an  output  of  fifty-live  thousand  feet 
of  finished  lumber  per  day.  While  supplying  the  retail  trade  he  ships  to  Al- 
berta, Saskatchewan  and  Manitoba.  Both  business  organizations  with  which 
he  is  identified  have  important  places  in  the  trade  circles  of  this  city  and  Mr. 
Scrim  has  therefore  become  one  of  the  leading  business  men.  Throughout  his 
entire  life  he  has  been  connected  with  the  lumber  trade  and  there  is  no  phase 
of  the  business  with  which  he  is  not  familiar.  His  comprehensive  knowledge, 
his  watchfulness  over  details  and  his  ability  to  discriminate  between  the  essen- 
tial and  non-essential  have  been  important  factors  in  his  growing  success.  Aside 
from  his  lumber  interests  he  is  the  owner  of  considerable  residence  property 
in  Vancouver. 

On  the  3Oth  of  October,  1912,  in  Vancouver,  Mr.  Scrim  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Agnes  Lambert,  one  of  the  native  (laughters  of  the  province,  her 
birth  having  occurred  in  this  city  in  1891.  Her  father,  Roland  A.  Lambert,  of 
Klondike  fame,  was  the  first  man  to  stake  a  claim  at  Atlin,  in  the  Yukon  ter- 
ritory. He  is  still  actively  engaged  in  mining,  being  now  interested  in  the  min- 
ing of  platinum  in  the  Lillooet  district. 

Mr.  Scrim's  military  experience  was  with  the  Eighth  Royal  Rifles  of  Que- 
bec during  a  period  of  two  years.  He  holds  membership  in  St.  George's  An- 
glican church  in  which  he  is  rector's  warden,  and  he  is  deeply  interested  in  all 
the  moral  forces  which  work  for  the  development  and  betterment  of  the  in- 
dividual and  the  community.  No  good  work  of  charity  or  religion  seeks  his 
aid  in  vain  and  he  is  a  liberal  contributor  to  many  worthy  benevolences.  As 
he  has  prospered  he  has  extended  a  helping  hand  to  those  who  are  attempting 
to  climb  upward  along  the  path  of  industry  and  honesty  and  has  ever  been  will- 
ing to  share  generously  with  others  in  his  own  good  fortune. 


HENRY  HOY. 

The  contracting  and  building  trades  of  New  Westminster  are  ably  represented 
by  Henry  Hoy,  who  successfully  follows  this  occupation  in  his  city.  He  has, 
moreover,  actively  participated  in  the  public  life  of  the  community,  serving  for 
one  term  as  mayor  of  the  city  and  for  a  number  of  years  as  a  member  of  the 
council.  During  his  administration  as  executive  much  valuable  work  of  far- 
reaching  importance  was  accomplished  which  has  left  an  indelible  impression 
upon  the  growth  of  the  city.  Progressive  and  public-spirited,  Mayor  Hoy  ever 
took  a  most  advanced  step  toward  impending  measures  and  accomplished  things 
upon  which  the  present  greatness  of  the  city  is  largely  founded.  As  a  member  of 
the  council  he  also  did  important  work  in  committee  room  as  well  as  on  the  floor 
of  the  chamber  and  his  disinterested  public-spiritedness  has  found  wide  and 
ready  recognition. 

Born  on  a  farm  in  the  parish  of  Largo,  Fifeshire,  Scotland,  on  March  2,  1845, 
he  received  a  public-school  education,  subsequently  apprenticing  himself  to  the 
carpenter's  trade.  He  worked  as  a  journeyman  carpenter  in  London,  England, 
but  in  1869  he  sought  the  larger  opportunities  of  the  new  world,  coming  to 
Canada,  where  he  worked  in  Toronto  for  four  years,  after  which  period  he 
crossed  the  border  to  Chicago,  where  he  remained  one  year.  In  1874  and  1875 


104  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

he  was  engaged  at  his  trade  in  Winnipeg,  but  in  February,  1876,  came  to  New 
Westminster,  where  he  has  ever  since  made  his  home.  He  has  branched  out  and 
gradually  become  connected  with  general  contracting  and  building  and  as  the 
years  have  passed  has  become  one  of  the  substantial  men  of  New  Westminster. 
Mr.  Hoy  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Marion  Bonson,  a  daughter  of  L.  F. 
Bonson,  of  New  Westminster.  To  them  were  born  three  sons  and  three  daugh- 
ters, all  of  whom  are  living.  He  belongs  to  Union  No.  9  of  New  Westminster 
and  is  also  a  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity.  Mr.  Hoy  has  attained  to  an 
important  position  in  his  community  and  is  highly  respected  and  esteemed  by 
all  who  know  him  for  what  he  has  accomplished. 


MAJOR  W.   HART-McHARG. 

William  Hart-McHarg,  of  Vancouver,  barrister-at-law,  was  born  in  the 
barracks  at  Kilkenny,  Ireland,  where  his  father  was  at  that  time  stationed  with 
his  regiment.  His  natal  day  was  February  16,  1869,  and  he  is  descended  from 
Scotch  ancestry.  He  is  a  son  of  Major  William  Hart-McHarg,  who  was  in  the 
old  Forty-fourth,  now  known  as  the  Essex  Regiment  for  many  years.  His 
father  saw  service  in  the  Crimean  and  Chinese  wars,  for  which  he  received  four 
medals  and  four  clasps.  He  retired  from  the  army  with  a  special  pension,  given 
him  for  meritorious  and  distinguished  service.  He  married  Miss  Jane  Thomsett, 
a  daughter  of  Captain  Thomsett  of  the  same  regiment,  who  also  served  through 
the  Crimean  and  Chinese  campaigns  in  the  Forty-fourth  Regiment. 

William  Hart-McHarg  pursued  his  education  in  England  and  in  Belgium, 
but  when  sixteen  years  of  age  he  started  out  in  life  on  his  own  account.  He  made 
his  way  to  Manitoba,  where  he  followed  farming  for  five  years.  When  in  his 
twenty-first  year  he  removed  to  Winnipeg  and,  desirous  of  entering  professional 
life,  he  devoted  five  years  to  the  study  of  law  and  then  successfully  passed  the 
examinations  which  secured  his  admission  to  the  Manitoba  bar  in  1895.  He 
practiced  law  in  that  province  for  two  years  and  in  1897,  attracted  by  the  min- 
ing activity  in  the  Kootenay  country,  he  came  to  British  Columbia,  and  having 
been  called  to  the  bar  of  this  province  took  up  the  practice  of  his  profession  in 
Rossland. 

Always  interested  in  military  life,  he  attached  himself  to  the  Winnipeg 
Dragoons  while  in  that  city  and  upon  the  formation  of  the  Rocky  Mountain 
Rangers  in  the  Kootenay  he  joined  that  organization  as  a  private  and  later  at- 
tained the  rank  of  lieutenant.  Upon  the  breaking  out  of  the  war  in  South  Africa 
he  volunteered  for  the  First  Contingent,  the  Royal  Canadian  Regiment,  and 
being  unable  to  obtain  commissioned  rank  he  enlisted  as  a  private.  During  the 
campaign  he  was  promoted  to  sergeant.  The  Canadian  Militia  list  gives  the 
following  record  of  his  war  service:  "Operations  in  Orange  Free  State,  Feb- 
ruary-May, 1900,  including  operations  at  Paardeberg  (18-26  February),  and 
actions  at  Poplar  Grove  (7  March),  Dreifontein  (10  March),  Hout  Nek  (i  May), 
Zand  River  (i  May)  ;  operations  in  the  Transvaal  in  May  and  June,  including 
actions  near  Johannesburg  (29  May),  Pretoria  (4  June).  Operations  in  Orange 
River  Colony  and  eastern  and  western  Transvaal,  June-November,  1900.  Medal 
with  four  clasps." 

On  his  return  to  British  Columbia  he  resumed  his  law  practice  in  Rossland. 
He  was  reinstated  as  a  lieutenant  in  the  Rocky  Mountain  Rangers  and  promoted 
to  captain  in  1902.  In  November,  1902,  he  removed  to  Vancouver  and  practiced 
his  profession  there.  He  was  transferred  to  the  Sixth  Regiment,  "The  Duke  of 
Connaught's  Own  Rifles,"  and  obtained  his  Majority  in  that  corps  in  1910. 

Major  Hart-McHarg  is  well  known  as  a  rifle  shot.  He  has  been  a  member 
of  the  Canadian  Bisley  team  several  times  and  has  shot  for  Canada  in  the  Kola- 
pore  (1907-1910),  Mackinnon  (1907-1910)  and  Empire  (1910)  team  matches. 
In  1907  he  was  a  member  of  the  Canadian  team  in  the  Palma  trophy  contest  at 


MAJOR  WILLIAM  HART-McHARG 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  107 

Ottawa  against  British,  Australian  and  American  teams.  He  won  the  governor 
general's  prize  at  Ottawa  in  1908,  all  the  aggregates  at  the  British  Columbia  rifle 
meeting  in  1909,  and  tied  for  first  place  in  the  Prince  of  Wales  match  at  Bisley 
in  1910  with  a  record  score.  In  1912  he  coached  the  provincial  team  which  won 
the  Northwestern  International  match  at  Portland  in  competition  with  teams 
from  the  states  of  Washington,  Oregon  and  Idaho.  Major  Hart-McHarg  again 
won  the  governor  general's  prize  at  Ottawa  in  1913  with  the  record  score  of  202 
points.  At  the  conclusion  of  the  D.  C.  R.  A.  matches  he  was  given  a  place  in 
the  all-Canadian  team,  which  was  sent  to  the  International  matches  at  Camp 
Perry,  Ohio,  to  shoot  for  the  Palma  trophy  and  for  the  individual  long  range 
championship  of  the  world  with  army  rifle.  The  conditions  of  this  match  were 
15  shots  at  800,  900  and  1000  yards  and  Major  Hart-McHarg  won  it  with  scores 
of  74-72-74, — total  220  out  of  a  possible  of  225.  He  was  presented  with  the 
National  Guard  championship  trophy,  which  he  held  for  a  year,  and  also  received 
a  gold  cup  and  a  gold  medal.  He  subsequently  coached  the  Canadian  team  in 
the  Palma  trophy  match  at  Camp  Perry.  On  his  return  to  Vancouver  he  coached 
the  British  Columbia  team  in  the  North  Western  International  match  shot  at 
Vancouver  when  it  defeated,  under  Palma  trophy  conditions,  teams  from  the 
states  of  Oregon  and  Washington. 

Major  Hart-McHarg  is  the  author  of  ''From  Quebec  to  Pretoria/'  the  story 
of  the  Royal  Canadian  Regiment  in  South  Africa,  and  joint  author  of  an  his- 
torical souvenir  of  the  Sixth  Regiment,  "The  Duke  of  Connaught's  Own  Rifles." 
He  has  discussed  through  the  columns  of  the  press  themes  of  general  interest 
and  his  articles  on  the  Waste  of  Daylight  awakened  widespread  interest.  He  was 
the  first  to  bring  this  important  matter  to  the  attention  of  the  people  of  this 
province  and  to  point  out  that  by  advancing  the  clock  one  hour  during  the  sum- 
mer months  an  extra  hour  of  daylight  would  be  obtained  in  the  evening,  giving 
greater  opportunity  for  more  outdoor  life  and  recreation  and  a  saving  in  the 
expenditure  for  artificial  light. 

When  in  1911  the  Canadian  government  at  the  invitation  of  the  Imperial 
government  organized  a  contingent  of  seven  hundred  men  and  fifty  officers  to 
be  present  at  the  coronation  of  King  George  V.,  Major  Hart-McHarg  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  command  of  one  of  the  infantry  companies.  He  proceeded  to 
London  with  the  contingent  and  was  present  at  the  various  ceremonies.  After- 
wards, at  Buckingham  Palace,  he  was  presented  with  the  Coronation  medal  by 
His  Majesty,  the  King. 

JOSEPH  ROBERT  REARDON. 

Joseph  Robert  Reardon,  who  died  in  Vancouver  on  the  I4th  of  September, 
1907,  after  a  period  of  activity  in  the  merchant  marine  service  extending  over 
:wenty-six  years  and  who  previously  to  his  demise  had  been  for  three  years  in 
die  Vancouver  pilot  service,  was  born  in  Donegal,  Ireland,  October  28,  1862. 
His  parents,  Robert  and  Catherine  Reardon,  removed  to  England  when  he  was 
5till  a  child  and  in  a  Catholic  college  at  Portsmouth  he  acquired  his  education, 
laying  aside  his  books  at  the  age  of  sixteen  in  order  to  begin  his  apprenticeship 
to  the  merchant  marine  service.  After  four  years  with  the  firm  of  T.  &  J.  Brock- 
iebank,  of  Liverpool,  as  an  apprentice  he  served  with  the  same  firm  as  mate 
and  afterward  became  connected  with  the  Union  Steamship  Line,  holding  the 
jositions  of  fourth,  third  and  second  officer  successively  and  receiving  his  certifi- 
cate as  captain,  October  7,  1887.  He  resigned  from  this  service  in  order  to  enter 
the  employ  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad  as  chief  officer  of  the  steamship 
Tartar,  sailing  from  Southampton  to  Vancouver  and  thence  to  Skagway,  Alaska, 
ind  back  to  Vancouver.  He  was  also  for  some  time  second  officer  and  then  chief 
officer  of  the  Royal  Mail  Steamer  Empress  of  China.  For  two  years  he  was 
:hief  officer.of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad  Steamship  Athenian  whilst  under 


108  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

charter  to  the  United  States  government  as  transport  from  Seattle  to  the  Philip- 
pines during  the  Spanish-American  war.  He  was  for  about  twenty-six  years  at 
sea,  the  life  engendering  in  him  qualities  of  self-reliance,  independence  and  ini- 
tiative which  remained  always  prominent  and  forceful  elements  in  his  character. 
Mr.  Reardon  joined  the  Vancouver  pilot  service  in  November,  1904,  and  therein 
continued  until  his  death,  which  occurred  on  the  I4th  of  September,  1907.  He 
was  well  known  in  Vancouver,  where  he  made  his  home,  as  a  public-spirited  and 
progressive  citizen  and  a  far-sighted  and  capable  business  man,  his  name  stand- 
ing for  integrity,  honor  and  loyalty  in  all  the  relations  of  life  and  his  death  bring- 
ing to  a  close  a  career  of  genuine  and  unostentatious  usefulness. 

On  the  29th  of  July,  1900,  Mr.  Reardon  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Kate 
Walker,  a  daughter  of  William  and  Catherine  Walker,  the  former  a  squire  of 
Huddersfield,  Yorkshire,  England,  and  a  large  mill  owner  and  manufacturer 
of  woolen  goods.  It  was  he  who  introduced  into  England  the  textile  colleges, 
in  which  young  men  are  educated  in  everything  pertaining  to  the  manufacture 
of  woolen  goods,  and  for  this  service  he  was  made  the  first  professor,  being  able 
in  this  way  to  give  the  advantage  of  his  own  broad  knowledge  and  long  experi- 
ence to  the  other  industrial  workers  following  after  him.  His  daughter,  Mrs. 
Reardon,  is  an  artist  of  remarkable  attainments  and  a  widespread  reputation 
and  has  displayed  her  paintings  with  excellent  results  on  several  occasions.  She 
painted  the  portrait  of  Dr.  Helmcken  which  now  hangs  in  the  Parliament  build- 
ing at  Victoria  and  she  has  hung  pictures  in  several  galleries  in  the  British  isles. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Reardon  became  the  parents  of  two  children:  Mary  Florence, 
who  is  attending  school ;  and  James  Byrne.  Mrs.  Reardon  makes  her  home  at 
No.  1201  Georgia  street,  Florence  court.  She  is  well  known  in  Vancouver, 
where  she  has  resided  for  many  years  and  where  her  sterling  qualities  of  mind 
and  character  have  brought  her  a  circle  of  friends  almost  coextensive  with  the 
circle  of  her  acquaintances. 

Mr.  Reardon  was  a  devout  member  of  the  Catholic  church,  exemplifying  in 
his  honorable  anl  upright  life  the  doctrines  in  which  he  believed,  and  he  was 
connected  fraternally  with  the  Knights  of  Columbus.  He  ever  manifested  a 
deep  and  helpful  interest  in  projects  for  the  advancement  and  growth  of  the 
community  and  his  cooperation  therein  was  far-reaching  and  beneficial.  His 
course  at  all  times  conformed  to  strict  business  principles  and  honorable  methods, 
his  path  never  having  been  strewn  with  the  wreck  of  other  men's  fortunes,  and 
his  business  integrity  as  well  as  his  prosperity  forming  a  fitting  crown  for  his 
well  spent  life. 


CHARLES  EDWIN  MAHON. 

It  has  been  said  that  this  is  the  age  of  the  young  man,  a  fact  which  finds 
verification  especially  in  the  west,  for  it  has  been  the  young  men  of  enterprise 
and  ambition  who  have  sought  the  opportunities  of  the  great  and  growing  west- 
ern country.  They  have  not  hesitated  to  sever  the  ties  which  have  bound  them 
to  the  districts  in  which  youth  has  been  passed  in  order  to  gain  the  broader 
opportunities  offered  elsewhere.  Of  this  class  Charles  Edwin  Mahon  is  a 
representative,  and  as  agent  for  real  estate,  insurance,  loans  and  timber  lands 
he  has  built  up  a  business  of  gratifying  proportions.  He  was  born  at  Paisley, 
Bruce  county,  Ontario,  March  i,  1872,  and  is  a  son  of  William  and  Elizabeth 
Mahon,  pioneer  settlers  of  that  district,  who  were  well  known  there. 

Charles  E.  Mahon  spent  his  early  life  on  his  father's  farm.  His  educa- 
tion in  the  public  schools  of  Bruce  county  was  very  limited  as  he  had  early  to 
depend  upon  himself.  When  a  boy  of  only  fifteen  he  had  to  take  full  charge 
of  the  farm  as  his  father  was  ill,  continuing  so  for  three  years,  and  the  heavy 
load  thus  falling  upon  his  shoulders  made  him  resolve  as  soon  a§  the  oppor- 
tunity offered  to  go  into  another  business  fraught  with  lesser  hardships  and 


CHARLES  E.  MAHON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ill 

to  set  himself  up  independently.  That  the  hard  school  of  experience  through 
which  he  passed  has,  however,  had  a  beneficial  effect  upon  his  later  life  thereof 
his  present  marked  success  is  the  best  proof.  To  prepare  for  a  commercial 
career  he  underwent  training  in  the  Canada  Business  College  of  Chatham, 
Ontario,  from  which  he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1890,  and  the  follow- 
ing year  he  went  to  Seattle,  Washington,  where  he  engaged  in  clerking  for 
two  years.  At  that  time  on  account  of  the  illness  of  his  father  he  returned 
to  Paisley,  Ontario,  where  he  acted  as  clerk  in  a  store  for  two  years.  His 
desire,  however,  to  engage  in  business  on  his  own  account  was  ever  foremost 
with  him  and,  carefully  saving  his  earnings  he  was  at  length  enabled  to  pur- 
chase a  stock  of  groceries,  boots  and  shoes  in  1895.  Thus  he  became  identi- 
fied with  commercial  interests  in  Paisley,  where  he  continued  in  merchandis- 
ing until  1897,  when  he  removed  to  Langdon,  North  Dakota.  He  was  there 
employed  in  the  lumber  and  hardware  business  for  about  ten  years,  and  in 
1907  he  came  to  Vancouver,  where  he  established  a  real-estate  and  timber  land 
business.  In  this  he  is  still  engaged,  having  no  partner  although  he  still  uses 
the  style  of  C.  E.  Mahon  &  Company.  He  handles  real  estate,  insurance,  loans 
and  timber  lands  and  has  built  up  a  business  of  gratifying  proportions,  acquaint- 
ing himself  thoroughly  with  property  values,  both  in  the  city  and  in  the  forest 
districts,  while  he  is  equally  conversant  with  the  various  phases  of  the  loan 
and  insurance  business.  His  industry,  determination  and  indefatigable  energy 
have  been  salient  features  in  his  success. 

On  the  I7th  of  January,  1900,  Mr.  Mahon  was  united  in  marriage,  in  Pais- 
ley, Ontario,  to  Miss  Nellie  I.  Steele,  a  daughter  of  Samuel  and  Isabella  Steele, 
the  former  a  veteran  of  the  Fenian  raid.  Unto  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Mahon  have  been 
born  six  children,  William  S.,  Gladys  Evelyn,  Harold  Stratton,  Lois  Jean, 
Charles  Norman  and  Thelma  Hall.  The  last  two  are  twins. 

Mr.  Mahon  gives  his  political  support  to  the  conservative  party  and  in 
January,  1913,  was  elected  an  alderman  of  Vancouver,  in  which  position  he 
is  exercising  his  official  prerogatives  in  support  of  various  projects  and  move- 
ments which  have  to  do  with  the  upbuilding  and  welfare  of  the  city.  He 
belongs  to  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  the  Loyal  Order  of  Moose, 
and  the  Vancouver  Commercial  Club.  He  had  no  especial  advantages  at  the 
outset  of  his  career,  but  has  steadily  worked  his  way  upward  as  the  years  have 
gone  by,  and  whatever  success  he  has  achieved  has  come  to  him  as  the  reward 
of  ability,  intelligently  directed. 


MERTON  ALLEN  MERRILL. 

Merton  Allen  Merrill,  who  is  engaged  in  the  real-estate  business  at  Van- 
couver, now  conducts  operations  independently  under  the  style  of  Merrill  & 
Merrill,  his  partner  having  left  the  firm  in  1912.  His  birth  occurred  in  Bangor, 
Maine,  on  the  22d  of  November,  1880,  his  parents  being  Allen  and  Ann  Merrill, 
the  former  a  merchant  of  Bangor  for  a  number  of  years. 

Merton  A.  Merrill  obtained  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his 
native  city  and  subsequently  attended  the  University  of  Maine  at  Orono  for 
several  years.  On  leaving  college  he  went  to  Boston  and  for  a  number  of  years 
was  there  employed  in  various  capacities.  In  1908  he  came  to  Vancouver,  British 
Columbia,  and  at  the  end  of  a  few  months  made  his  way  to  Graham  island,  where 
he  remained  for  two  years.  On  the  4th  of  July,  1911,  he  returned  to  Vancouver 
and  embarked  in  the  real-estate  business  with  his  cousin,  Orland  P.  Merrill,  under 
the  firm  style  of  Merrill  &  Merrill.  The  partnership  was  dissolved  in  1912,  but 
jur  subject  still  conducts  his  business  under  the  old  firm  name.  His  interests 
are  principally  in  Graham  island,  where  valuable  coal  deposits  are  reported.  He 
ilso  has  excellent  farming  property  there  and  has  won  recognition  as  a  business 
•nan  of  sound  judgment  and  keen  discernment  whose  knowledge  of  real-estate 


112  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

values  is  accurate  and  who  is  qualified  to  give  valuable  advice  to  prospective 
investors. 

On  the  I2th  of  September,  1911,  at  Estherville,  Iowa,  Mr.  Merrill  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Clarissa  Converse,  a  daughter  of  Palmer  Sterry  and  Martha 
Converse  and  a  representative  of  one  of  the  earliest  families  in  Iowa.  Mr.  Merrill 
is  a  member  of  the  Commercial  Club  and  enjoys  an  enviable  reputation  as  a  young 
business  man  of  much  promise  and  a  representative  and  substantial  citizen  of 
this  province. 


JAMES  MARS. 

In  the  lives  of  the  majority  of  men  the  road  that  leads  to  success  is  filled  with 
hardships  and  privations,  apparently  insurmountable  obstacles  and  innumerable 
disappointments,  and  in  this  respect  the  history  of  James  Mars  is  no  exception 
but  it  likewise  records  the  victory  of  unremitting  diligence,  persistent  effort  and 
unceasing  perseverance.  He  is  a  native  of  Scotland,  his  birth  there  occurring  on 
the  8th  of  May,  1870.  His  parents,  Thomas  and  Mary  (Wilson)  Mars,  were 
born,  reared  and  married  in  the  same  country  and  there  the  mother  died  in  1883. 
Subsequently  the  father  with  his  five  sons  and  two  daughters  emigrated  to  Can- 
ada, the  family  settling  in  Manitoba.  The  father  is  yet  living. 

A  member  of  a  household  of  limited  means,  the  early  educational  advantages 
of  James  Mars  were  very  meager.  At  the  tender  age  of  eleven  years  he  left 
school  and  became  a  wage  earner,  the  succeeding  seven  years  being  spent  in  a 
woolen  factory  in  his  native  land.  When  he  was  a  youth  of  about  eighteen  the 
family  came  to  Canada,  and  for  two  years  thereafter  he  diligently  applied  him- 
self to  assisting  his  father  with  the  cultivation  of  the  homestead  in  Manitoba.  At 
the  expiration  of  that  period  he  went  to  Winnipeg  and  entered  the  service  of 
Lord  Strathcona,  being  employed  on  his  farm  until  1892.  In  the  latter  year  he 
gave  up  farm  work  and  went  to  Tacoma,  Washington,  where  he  was  employed 
in  the  lumber  woods  until  1894.  His  next  removal  was  to  Coquitlafn,  which  has 
ever  since  been  his  place  of  residence.  Until  1909  he  followed  various  occupa- 
tions, but  each  year  marked  an  advance  in  his  business  career  and  he  gradually 
became  numbered  among  the  enterprising  and  progressive  citizens  of  the  com- 
munity. In  the  year  last  named  together  with  his  brother  he  engaged  in  the  mer- 
cantile business,  under  the  firm  name  of  Mars  Brothers.  As  they  are  both  men 
of  good  judgment  as  well  as  energy  and  determination  they  have  met  with 
success  in  the  development  of  their  enterprise  and  are  enjoying  a  good  trade. 
In  the  conduct  of  their  store  they  have  adopted  a  policy  which  commends  them 
to  the  confidence  of  the  people,  while  they  accord  their  patrons  the  courteous  and 
gracious  consideration  essential  to  the  permanent  upbuilding  of  any  business. 
During  the  long  period  of  his  residence  here  Mr.  Mars  has  acquired  quite  ex- 
tensive property  interests,  which  he  is  now  disposing  of  from  time  to  time.  He 
possesses  the  characteristics  of  leadership  and  has  for  some  years  figured  promi- 
nently in  local  affairs,  the  capability  he  manifests  in  the  direction  of  his  per- 
sonal interests  being  evidenced  in  his  judicious  management  of  any  enterprise 
with  which  he  is  connected.  Four  years  ago  he  was  elected  president  of  the 
Agricultural  Society,  which  organization  holds  an  annual  fair  that  is  of  mutual 
benefit  to  the  farmers  and  business  men  and  serves  to  more  closely  unite  the  in- 
terests of  the  town  and  country.  The  society  was  organized  in  1890,  and  at 
that  time  their  only  property  interest  was  a  lot,  donated  by  Mrs.  Beckintsale,  of 
Reading,  England.  During  the  intervening  years,  however,  they  have  prospered 
and  now  own  five  acres  of  land,  and  have  a  building  under  construction  which  is 
thirty  by  fifty  feet.  The  lower  hall  will  be  used  for  exhibition  purposes,  while 
the  second  story  will  be  divided  into  committee  rooms.  Mr.  Mars  has  expended 
a  great  deal  of  thought  and  energy  in  promoting  this  organization,  and  it  is 
largely  due  to  his  enthusiastic  efforts  that  the  association  has  accomplished  so 
much. 


JAMES    MARS 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  115 

His  allegiance  in  matters  politic  Mr.  Mars  gives  to  the  conservative  party, 
and  he  is  secretary  of  the  Dewdney  Conservative  Association.  He  is  the  present 
mayor  of  the  city  of  Coquitlam,  and  is  giving  efficient  service  in  this  connection. 
He  was  elected  reeve  of  the  municipality  in  1911  by  acclamation  and  reelected  in 
1912  in  the  same  way.  Again  in  1913  he  was  elected  reeve  by  a  large  majority; 
and  soon  after  the  city  was  incorporated  he  was  made  mayor  by  acclamation. 
His  fraternal  connections  are  confined  to  his  membership  in  the  Independent 
Order  of  Foresters,  and  he  is  chief  ranger  of  Camp  No.  147.  Mr.  Mars  is  not 
affiliated  with  any  church,  but  he  supports  all  worthy  enterprises  and  generously 
contributes  towards  the  maintenance  of  various  local  charities.  The  hard  condi- 
tions of  his  own  early  life  have  served  to  make  him  considerate  of  other  lads 
similarly  situated  and  many  an  ambitious  and  enterprising  youth  has  found  in 
him  a  stanch  friend. 


ETIENNE  EDMOND  DELA VAULT. 

Prominent  among  the  successful  business  men  of  Vancouver  is  numbered 
Etienne  Edmond  Delavault,  who  now  devotes  his  time  and  attention  to  his  duties 
as  managing  director  of  the  Canadian  Hypothec  &  Guarantee  Company,  Ltd., 
and  the  Vancouver  Development  Company,  Ltd.  A  man  of  keen  discrimination 
ind  sound  judgment,  his  practical  business  ability  and  the  systematic  control  of 
lis  affairs  have  brought  him  a  high  degree  of  success  and  placed  him  among 
:hose  whose  activities  have  affected  the  growth,  progress  and  welfare  of  the 
:ity. 

Mr.  Delavault  was  born  in  Paris,  France,  in  August,  1879,  and  is  a  son 
idmond  and  Elizabeth  (Meyer)  Delavault,  the  former  of  whom  conducted 
a  large  agency  business  in  Paris  until  his  death  in  1908.  After  completing 
his  preliminary  education,  Etienne  Delavault  entered  Paris  University,  from 
vhic.h  he  received  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts.  He  afterward  studied  law 
in  the  Paris  Law  College,  graduating  as  a  licentiate  at  law.  In  1903  he  came 
1o  Canada.  After  his  arrival  in  the  Dominion  he  first  became  connected  with 
;i  prominent  firm  of  French  furriers,  Revillon  Freres.  In  their  interests  lie 
visited  a  great  portion  of  the  northern  country,  including  the  Labrador  coast 
and  Hudson  Bay,  and  he  was  at  one  time  manager  of  the  Prince  Albert  dis- 
1rict  for  his  employers.  He  proved  himself  capable,  far-sighted  and  energetic, 
but  being  ambitious  for  success  in  his  profession  resigned  his  position  and 
•e  ntered  the  law  office  of  Lucien  Dubuc,  a  barrister  at  Edmonton,  Alberta.  He  was 
articled  as  a  student  and  after  completing  the  required  term  was  admitted  to  the 
Law  Society  of  the  Northwest  Territories  in  August,  1907.  In  the  same  year 
lie  formed  a  partnership  with  his  former  teacher,  Mr.  Dubuc,  under  the  firm 
i  ame  of  Dubuc  &  Delavault,  but  later  severed  this  connection,  joining  the  firm 
<f  Bishop,  Pratt  &  Delavault.  He  remained  in  Edmonton  until  1911,  in  the 
summer  of  which  year  he  interested  a  number  of  French  capitalists  in  a  mort- 
gage company  which  he  organized.  He  was  the  leader  in  the  formation  of  the 
Canadian  Hypothec  &  Guarantee  Company,  Ltd.,  and  in  October,  1911,  came  to 
Vancouver  as  its  managing  director,  a  position  which  he  has  since  capably  filled. 
He  is  in  addition  managing  director  of  the  Vancouver  Development  Company, 
Ltd.,  of  this  city,  and  his  energy,  his  well  timed  aggressiveness,  his  force,  experi- 
ence and  capacity  have  been  notable  elements  in  the  rapid  growth  of  both  of  these 
•concerns.  Mr.  Delavault  has  become  well  known  in  business  circles  in  Van- 
couver, where  his  signal  ability  is  widely  recognized  and  respected.  His  interests 
are  all  carefully  managed  and  capably  conducted  and  have  been  attended  with 
gratifying  and  well  deserved  success. 

In  February,  1907,  Mr.  Delavault  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Madeleine 
Bouchon,  a  daughter  of  C.  and  C.  Gaucher  (Besnard)  Bouchon.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Delavault  have  become  the  parents  of  a  son,  Robert,  who  was  born  at  Edmonton, 


116  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Alberta,  in  December,  1907.  Mr.  Delavault  is  a  member  of  the  corps  of  reserves, 
One  Hundred  and  First  Edmonton  Fusiliers,  of  which  he  has  served  as  lieu- 
tenant. He  made  a  creditable  record  in  law  and  his  prominence  in  that  field 
has  been  equalled  by  his  success  in  business — a  fact  indicative  of  versatility, 
wide  interests  and  effective  personality. 


JOHN  GARSON  JOHNSTON. 

John  Garson  Johnston,  prominently  connected  with  important  commercial 
interests  of  Vancouver  as  assistant  manager  of  R.  Myers,  Ltd.,  and  half-owner 
of  the  large  wholesale  jewelry  business  it  controls,  was  born  in  Edinburgh,  Scot- 
land, March  31,  1879,  and  is  a  son  of  William  Clouston  and  Jeannie  Renfrew 
(Young)  Johnston,  both  representatives  of  Scotch  families,  the  father  being  a 
descendant  of  Johnstoun,  earl  of  Zetland. 

The  public  and  high  schools  of  Glasgow  afforded  John  Garson  Johnston  his 
early  educational  opportunities  and  he  afterward  entered  the  University  of 
Glasgow,  from  which  he  was  graduated  M.  A.  in  1906  and  LL.  B.  in  the  same 
year,  taking  honors  in  all  of  his  classes  at  the  university.  Immediately  after  his 
graduation  he  began  the  practice  of  law,  associating  himself  with  the  firm  of 
Wright,  Johnston  &  Orr  in  Glasgow,  with  which  his  father  was  also  connected. 
This  firm  is  still  in  existence  and  is  one  of  the  strongest  and  most  reliable  in 
the  city.  Mr.  Johnston  remained  with  it  for  three  years  but  even  at  this  time 
he  was  active  in  business,  his  ability  carrying  him  forward  into  important  rela- 
tions with  some  of  the  leading  corporations  in  Scotland,  connections  which 
developed  in  him  the  qualities  which  are  the  basis  of  his  commercial  success 
today.  In  1909  he  crossed  the  Atlantic  to  Canada  and,  locating  in  Vancouver, 
obtained  a  position  in  the  Royal  Bank,  remaining  for  about  one  year.  At  the 
end  of  that  time  he  associated  himself  with  R.  Myers,  Ltd.,  wholesale  dealers 
in  jewelry,  purchasing  a  half  interest  in  the  concern  and  being  appointed  by  the 
board  of  directors  assistant  manager.  As  the  incumbent  of  this  position  he  now 
devotes  practically  his  entire  time  and  attention  to  the  affairs  of  the  corporation, 
his  keen  business  insight,  energy  and  sagacity  having  been  effective  factors  in 
the  later  development  of  the  business. 

Mr.  Johnston  is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian  church  and  is  a  conservative 
in  his  political  beliefs,  taking  an  intelligent  interest  in  community  affairs,  although 
never  active  as  an  office  seeker.  He  holds  to  high  ideals  in  every  relation  of  life 
and  in  their  attainment  is  recognized  as  a  man  of  action  rather  than  of  theory. 
His  well  developed  capabilities  and  powers,  his  keen  insight  and  sound  discrimi- 
nation have  been  salient  elements  in  his  success  and  have  carried  him  forward 
into  important  business  relations  in  the  city  where  he  makes  his  home. 


WILLIAM  MOORE  McKAY. 

A  man  of  broad  views,  liberal  mind  and  high  ideals,  guided  and  controlled  by 
sound  and  practical  business  judgment,  William  Moore  McKay  has  won  for 
himself  a  position  of  precedence  at  the  bar  of  Vancouver,  prominence  in  politics, 
distinction  in  military  circles  and  a  place  among  the  men  of  weight  and  influence 
in  the  city.  In  a  profession  where  untiring  application,  intuitive  wisdom  and 
the  determination  to  utilize  the  means  at  hand  are  the  elements  of  success,  he 
has  advanced  continuously  and  rapidly  and  has,  moreover,  made  his  ability  and 
public  spirit  the  basis  of  an  important  work  of  public  service,  the.  conservative 
organization  in  this  province  finding  in  him  a  leader  who  is  at  once  a  capable 
business  man  and  an  able  politician. 


WILLIAM  M.  MCKAY 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  119 

Mr.  McKay  was  born  in  Ottawa,  Ontario,  August  16,  1868,  and  is  a  son  of 
Thomas  and  Isabel  (Masson)  McKay,  the  former  a  native  of  Perth,  Scotland, 
,  .nd  the  latter  of  Kingston,  Ontario.  Their  marriage  occurred  in  Ottawa,  where 
Thomas  McKay  was  at  the  head  of  the  McKay  Milling  Company,  one  of  the 
largest  industrial  enterprises  in  the  city.  He  continued  to  conduct  this  for 
nany  years  and  eventually  retired  to  private  life,  spending  his  later  years  on 
t  he  beautiful  McKay  estate,  known  as  Elmbank,  which  was  considered  one  of  the 
i  lost  attractive  and  valuable  properties  in  Ottawa.  In  his  home  in  that  city 
'  'homas  McKay  passed  away  in  1887  and  he  was  survived  by  his  wife  for  some 
\ears,  her  death  occurring  in  1897. 

In  the  acquirement  of  an  education  William  M.  McKay  attended  Dr.  Tassie's 
celebrated  school  at  Gait,  Ontario,  the  Montreal  high  school  and  Toronto  Uni- 
\ersity,  from  which  he  was  graduated  B.  A.  with  high  honors  in  1888.  Having 
( etermined  to  practice  law,  he  was  then  articled  to  (now  his  honor)  D.  B. 
McTavish,  then  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Scott,  McTavish  &  Scott,  of  which  Sir 
Lichard  Scott  was  the  senior  partner.  Owing  to  his  excellent  early  training 
and  his  interest  in  his  profession  he  attained  an  important  and  notable  degree 
of  success  in  his  legal  studies  and  in  his  first  year  at  Osgoode  Hall  was  entitled 
t»  write  for  honors.  He  completed  the  course  in  that  institution  six  months 
before  the  required  time  but  could  not  be  admitted  to  the  bar  and  accordingly 
vent  to  Europe,  where  he  spent  one  year  in  travel.  Returning  at  the  end  of 
that  time  he  was  called  to  the  bar  of  Ontario  in  1893  and  began  his  professional 
career  in  that  city  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  MacCraken,  Henderson  &  McKay. 
/  fter  five  years  of  successful  legal  work  he  went  to  the  Klondike,  arriving  in 
tie  Yukon  in  1898,  at  the  time  of  the  first  rush  to  the  gold  fields.  He  was 
the  third  qualified  barrister  in  Dawson  City  and  he  there  formed  a  partnership 
with  W.  E.  Burritt,  now  registrar  of  Prince  Rupert,  under  the  firm  name  of 
Eurritt  &  McKay.  Their  association  continued  for  four  years  and  at  the  end  of 
tl  at  time  Mr.  McKay  engaged  in  practice  with  R.  W.  Shannon,  now  city  solicitor 
o '  Saskatoon,  Saskatchewan.  The  firm  of  McKay  &  Shannon  had  a  prosperous 
existence  for  three  years  and  was  recognized  as  one  of  the  strongest  and  most 
rt  liable  in  Dawson  City.  Mr.  McKay  was  carried  forward  into  important  rela- 
tions with  public  life  in  that  community,  being  alderman  from  1903  until  his 
term  expired  the  year  before  the  commission  plan  of  government  was  inaugu- 
rated. After  seven  years  in  Dawson  Mr.  McKay  came  to  Vancouver  and  he 
h;  s  since  remained  an  honored  and  respected  resident  of  this  city.  Immediately 
after  his  arrival  he  formed  a  partnership  with  C.  N.  O'Brian  under  the. firm  name 
ol  McKay  and  O'Brian  and  three  years  ago  Mr.  McKay  took  over  practically 
al  the  Crown  work  controlled  by  the  firm  and  is  acting  as  representative  of  the 
at:orney  general  of  British  Columbia.  His  success  in  a  professional  way  affords 
the  best  evidence  of  his  capability  along  this  line.  Much  of  the  success  that 
hcS  attended  him  at  the  bar  is  undoubtedly  due  to  the  fact  that  in  no  instance 
w:ll  he  permit  himself  to  go  to  court  unless  he  has  absolute  confidence  in  the 
justice  of  his  client's  cause.  The  zeal  with  which  he  has  devoted  his  energies 
to  his  profession,  the  careful  regard  he  evinces  for  the  interests  of  his  clients 
and  the  assiduous  attention  which  he  gives  to  all  the  details  of  his  cases  have 
br  night  him  a  large  business  and  have,  made  him  very  successful  in  its  conduct, 
so  that  he  stands  today  among  the  representative  and  prominent  barristers  of  the 
city  where  he  makes  his  home. 

To  say  that  Mr.  McKay  has  won  prominence  in  the  law,  however,  is  to 
mention  only  one  of  his  many  claims  to  distinction,  for  his  interests  are  broad 
and  his  ability  great,  so  that  his  activities  have  extended  to  many  fields,  in- 
fluencing especially  the  military  and  political  life  of  the  province.  He  is  one  of 
the  strongest  individual  forces  in  the  ranks  of  the  conservative  party  in  British 
Columbia  and  has  always  been  high  in  the  party's  councils,  believing  firmly  in  the 
principles  and  policies  for  which  it  stands.  One  year  after  his  arrival  in  Van- 
couver he  was  elected  secretary  of  the  Vancouver  Conservative  Club  and  rose 
through  all  the  offices  in  that  organization  to  that  of  president,  to  which  he  was 


120  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

elected  in  1910.  In  1906  he  was  made  secretary  of  the  British  Columbia  Con- 
servative Association  and  served  until  1911,  when,  upon  the  retirement  of  Mr. 
M.  W.  Foster,  who  became  deputy  minister  of  public  works,  Mr.  McKay  was 
elected  to  the  position  of  first  vice  president.  At  the  convention  of  the  con- 
servative party  held  at  New  Westminster,  November  23,  1911,  he  was  elected 
president  of  the  British  Columbia  Conservative  Association  and  at  the  close  of 
his  term  of  able  service  was  succeeded  by  the  late  J.  A.  Lee,  ex-mayor  of  New 
Westminster.  Although  an  active  conservative,  his  public  spirit  goes  beyond 
partisanship  and  he  is  interested  in  everything  that  pertains  to  the  advancement 
and  growth  of  his  city  and  province,  cooperating  in  all  progressive  public  projects 
and  lending  the  weight  of  his  influence  to  measures  of  reform  and  expansion. 

In  military  circles,  too,  Mr.  McKay  is  well  known  and  greatly  respected. 
He  acquired  his  preliminary  military  training  in  the  C  school  at  Stanley  barracks, 
Toronto,  where  he  took  first  class  qualifications,  and  at  the  age  of  eighteen 
he  entered  the  Queen's  Own  Rifles  as  private.  He  spent  fourteen  years  in  the 
militia,  serving  for  two  as  private,  after  which  he  took  a  commission  in  the 
Forty-third  Rifles  of  Ottawa,  rising  to  the  rank  of  senior  captain  of  the  regiment. 
This  position  he  held  until  1898  and  two  years  afterward  became  attached  to  the 
Dawson  Rifles  as  lieutenant.  He  is  now  on  the  Officers  Reserve  with  the  rank 
of  captain. 

In  Victoria,  British  Columbia,  November  28,  1911,  Mr.  McKay  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Mary  M.  Petersen,  of  Copenhagen,  Denmark,  and  they 
have  become  the  parents  of  a  daughter,  Ruth  Isabel  Mary.  Fraternally  Mr. 
McKay  is  connected  with  Cascade  Lodge,  No.  12,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  with  the 
Arctic  Brotherhood.  His  religious  views  are  in  accord  with  the  doctrines  of 
the  Presbyterian  church  and  he  is  a  regular  attendant  at  St.  Andrew's  church  in 
Vancouver.  In  the  Rideau  Club  of  Ottawa  and  the  Vancouver  and  Western 
Clubs  of  Vancouver  he  is  well  known  and  his  high  standing  in  social  circles 
is  unassailable.  He  is  indeed  entitled  to  a  place  among  the  men  of  Vancouver 
who  represents  the  highest  type  of  citizenship — men  who,  seeking  and  attaining 
personal  success  in  business  or  a  profession,  have  nevertheless  extended  their 
efforts  into  fields  of  public  service,  making  their  powers  and  abilities  effective  as 
forces  in  community  growth.  He  is  liberal,  broad-minded,  versatile  and  able, 
and  his  career  has  indicated  clearly  his  possession  of  these  qualities,  bringing 
him  success,  prominence  and  a  place  among  the  makers  of  legal,  military  and 
political  history  in  British  Columbia. 


CECIL  DE  COURCY  SINCLAIR  HOSEASON. 

With  a  nature  that  can  never  be  content  with  mediocrity,  Cecil  de  Courcy 
Sinclair  Hoseason  has  steadily  worked  his  way  upward  and  is  identified  with 
several  corporations  which,  operating  directly  or  indirectly  in  the  real-estate  and 
colonization  field,  have  done  much  for  the  upbuilding  and  improvement  of  Van- 
couver and  the  province.  A  native  of  India  and  of  Scotch  parentage,  he  was 
born  August  12,  1868,  his  parents  being  General  Henry  and  Adeline  (MacKenzie) 
Hoseason,  the  former  for  many  years  a  commander  of  British  troops,  in  which 
connection  he  won  his  title.  The  son  was  sent  to  England  to  pursue  his  educa- 
tion and  became  a  student  in  the  public  school  at  Fullneck,  Yorkshire.  He  after- 
ward attended  Dover  College  at  Dover,  England,  and  in  1886  was  a  student  in 
Edinburgh  University. 

Mr.  Hoseason  has  been  a  resident  of  British  Columbia  since  1899,  in  which 
year  he  became  the  representative  at  Vancouver  of  the  North  American  Life 
Assurance  Company,  so  continuing  for  six  years.  In  1907  he  started  in  his 
present  business  as  a  real-estate,  insurance  and  financial  agent  under  the  name 
of  Hoseason  &  Company,  which  style  he  still  uses  although  the  firm  is  now 
nominal.  He  is  a  financial  agent  and  conducts  an  insurance  and  real-estate 


CECIL  DE  C.  S.  HOSEASON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  123 

business,  but  principally  handles  local  realty.  He  is  conversant  with  property 
values  and  has  succeeded  in  winning  a  large  clientage  through  business  methods 
which  recognize  the  opportunities  of  a  situation  and  utilize  them  honorably  and 
fully.  Mr.  Hoseason  is  also  chairman  of  the  board  of  directors  of  A.  M. 
Asancheyev,  Ltd.,  a  colonist  company,  and  is  managing  director  of  the  London 
&  British  Columbia  Investment  Corporation,  Ltd.,  of  London,  England,  managing 
their  interests  in  Vancouver. 

On  the  ist  of  September,  1909,  in  Vancouver,  Air.  Hoseason  was  married  to 
Miss  Beatrice  Amy  Taylor,  and  they  have  one  child,  Cecil  Henry  Cochrane.  In 
religious  belief  Mr.  Hoseason  is  a  Protestant.  Politically  he  is  an  independent 
conservative,  but  has  never  been  prominent  as  a  seeker  for  office,  although  for 
several  years  he  was  a  member  of  the  Betchuanaland  board  of  police.  He  is  a 
life  member  of  the  Vancouver  Exhibition  Association  and  is  interested  in  the 
various  plans  which  seek  to  exploit  the  resources  of  Vancouver  and  the  province 
and  to  make  known  the  opportunities  and  advantages  here  to  be  enjoyed.  Mr. 
Hoseason  holds  membership  in  the  Canada  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  London, 
England,  and  the  Loyal  Orangemen  Legion.  He  is  likewise  a  member  of  the 
British  Isles  Public  School  Club  of  Vancouver,  the  Progress  Club  and  the 
Caledonia  Club.  His  influence  is  always  on  the  side  of  improvement  and,  believ- 
ing in  the  possibilities  of  the  great  northwest,  he  has  so  directed  his  efforts  as  to 
win  gratifying  success  for  himself  and  also  to  contribute  to  the  upbuilding  of  the 
:ity  and  province. 


GEORGE  EDWARD  McCROSSAN. 

The  bar  of  British  Columbia  numbers  among  its  representatives  many  force- 
ful, able  and  brilliant  men  whose  work  along  professional  lines  is  of  a  character 
which  will  make  it  necessarily  a  part  of  the  legal  history  of  the  province.  Among 
their  number  is  George  Edward  McCrossan,  a  prominent  barrister  in  Vancouver 
and  one  of  the  great  individual  forces  in  local  liberal  politics,  his  energy,  his 
versatility  and  his  keen  and  incisive  qualities  of  mind  having  carried  him  forward 
to  success  and  eminence  in  both  fields.  He  was  born  in  Winnipeg,  Manitoba, 
September  16,  1879,  and  is  a  son  of  Thomas  and  Jennie  (MacDonald)  McCros- 
san, the  former  of  whom  came  to  Canada  from  Scotland  in  pioneer  times,  the 
parents  celebrating  their  golden  wedding  anniversary  on  the  4th  of  January, 


George  E.  McCrossan  acquired  his  preliminary  education  in  the  public  schools 
)f  Winnipeg  and  was  afterward  graduated  from  Manitoba  University,  receiving 
the  degree  of  M.  A.  from  that  institution  in  1900.  He  afterward  studied  law 
in  the  same  university,  graduating  in  1902  and  winning,  besides  his  degree  of 
LI,.  B.,  a  scholarship  and  first  medal  in  arts  and  law.  He  was  called  to  the  bar 
}f  Manitoba  in  1902,  and  in  1903  came  to  Vancouver,  British  Columbia,  winning 
admission  to  the  bar  of  this  province  in  the  following  year.  He  immediately 
began  practice  in  Vancouver  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Bird,  Brydon  Jack  & 
McCrossan  and  this  association  continued  until  1906,  when  the  firm  of  McCrossan, 
Schultz  &  Harper  was  formed.  In  1910  Mr.  Schultz  retired  and  the  business  is 
now  conducted  under  the  name  of  McCrossan  &  Harper.  This  is  one  of  the 
strongest  and  most  reliable  law  firms  in  the  city  and  its  practice  is  extensive  and 
representative,  connecting  its  members  with  a  great  deal  of  notable  litigation. 
Mr.  McCrossan's  rise  has  been  rapid,  his  ability  and  proficiency  soon  making  him 
well  known  throughout  the  province  and  carrying  him  forward  into  important 
public  relations.  In  1911  he  was  chosen  by  the  Dominion  government  as  counsel 
in  the  investigation  into  the  alleged  Chinese  frauds  and  the  opium-smuggling 
trade  and  by  his  able  conduct  of  this  work  gained  widespread  approval  and  honor. 
He  has  won  admiration  by  his  pleadings  before  the  court  and  has  appeared  on 
cases  before  the  supreme  court  of  Canada  and  the  privy  council.  He  has  also 

Vol.  IV—  5 


124  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

been  concerned  in  the  editorship  of  digests  on  British  Columbia  cases  and  on 
Canadian  and  criminal  law.  He  is  a  director  in  the  Burrard  Publishing  Com- 
pany, Limited,  publishers  of  The  Sun,  a  daily  newspaper,  and  The  Sunset,  a 
weekly  publication. 

As  is  often  the  case,  Mr.  McCrossan's  success  in  law  has  carried  with  it 
prominence  in  politics  and  he  is  recognized  today  as  a  leading  spirit  in  the  local 
liberal  organization,  his  loyalty  to  that  party  being  attested  by  frank  and  open 
support  of  its  principles.  He  is  a  member  of  the  provincial  executive  of  the  Lib- 
eral Association  and  from  1907  to  1909  was  president  of  the  Young  Men's  Liberal 
Association  of  Vancouver.  From  1909  he  was  first  vice  president  of  the 
Liberal  Association  of  Vancouver  but  recently  resigned  in  order  to  give  more 
exclusive  attention  to  his  professional  work. 

On  October  31,  1907,  in  Vancouver,  Mr.  McCrossan  was  united  in  marriage 
to  Miss  Grace  Chrysler  Lalande,  of  Cananoque,  Ontario,  a  daughter  of  Abraham 
and  Alice  (Chrysler)  Lalande,  the  latter  a  member  of  the  old  and  well  known 
Chrysler  family.  Mr.  McCrossan  holds  membership  in  the  Terminal  City  Club, 
the  Vancouver  Hunt  Club  and  the  Vancouver  Golf  Club  and  is  well  known  in 
social  circles  of  this  city.  He  is  a  splendid  type  of  the  present-day  professional 
man,  modern  in  his  views,  progressive  in  his  ideals  and  with  a  spirit  active  in  the 
promotion  of  projects  and  measures  for  community  advancement.  His  personal 
characteristics  have  gained  for  him  the  warm  regard  and  friendship  of  many, 
while  in  professional  lines  he  has  attained  that  eminence  which  comes  only  in 
recognition  of  merit. 
•» 

ROBERT  FRANCIS  GREEN,  M.  P. 

Of  the  many  outstanding  facts  in  connection  with  the  development  of  west- 
ern Canada  none  is  more  interesting  or  significant  to  those  whose  duty  it  is  to 
try  and  see  beneath  the  surface  of  things  and  write  accurate  history  than  the 
great  part  played  by  a  small  group  of  individuals  in  this  work  of  shaping  the 
destiny  of  a  country.  To  the  unthinking  it  often  appears  that  the  solving  of 
great  problems  has  been  due  to  "movements'"  or  the  policy  of  a  government  or 
popular  agitation ;  but  to  him  who  will  do  a  little  quiet  investigating  it  is  invari- 
ably disclosed  that  big  results  are  due  to  the  initiative  of  one  or  two  strong  men, 
who,  bolder  than  their  fellows  or  endowed  with  greater  gifts  of  insight  and 
leadership,  have  grasped  the  fundamental  necessities  of  a  situation  and  applied 
that  needful  stimulus  to  community  effort  which  has  accomplished  the  desired 
result. 

British  Columbia  is  a  great  province — the  greatest  in  the  Dominion  of  Canada 
— and  in  area  and  variety  of  resources  an  empire.  And  when  one  is  told  that  its 
present  envious  position  among  the  countries  of  the  world  is  due  to  a  progres- 
sive development  which  was  initiated  less  than  twenty  years  ago,  one  is  spurred 
to  make  inquiry  as  to  the  manner  of  men  they  were  who  have  been  instrumental 
in  making  this  marvelous  change  in  such  a  short  space  of  time.  And  this  brings 
us  to  the  subject  of  this  sketch — Robert  Francis  Green,  M.  P.,  for  it  is  but  the 
simple  truth  to  say  that  no  man  has  done  more  for  his  adopted  country ;  and  as 
is  always  the  case  with  men  of  merit,  he  has  not  in  the  doing  of  it  craved  popular 
applause,  the  public  honors  which  have  been  thrust  upon  him  having  in  the  main 
been  spontaneous  and  unsolicited  tributes  to  his  worth  and  services. 

One  can  best,  perhaps,  convey  an  idea  of  the  position  which  Mr.  Green  occu- 
pies in  British  Columbia  by  saying  that  if  anyone  came  to  the  province  with  any 
large  enterprise  to  be  launched  or  on  any  political  mission,  he  would  not  be  in 
the  country  twenty-four  hours  before  he  would  hear  of  the  member  for  Kootenay. 
No  higher  tribute  can  be  paid  to  his  worth  and  position  than  to  add  that  he  enjoys 
to  a  remarkable  degree  the  close  confidence  of  the  large  financial  and  commercial 
interests  of  the  country.  But  his  position  is  even  more  powerful  than  would  be 


ROBERT  F.  GREEN 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  127 

disclosed  by  that  statement,  for  it  is  known  that  the  success  which  has  attended 
the  federal  and  provincial  conservative  parties  in  British  Columbia  is  attributed 
mairuy  to  his  wise  judgment  on  questions  of  policy  on  which  their  success  so 
vitally  depends. 

Such  then  is  the  position  which  Mr.  Green  holds  as  a  citizen  of  the  richest 
and  fairest  province  in  the  Dominion.  Personally,  he  is  of  somewhat  quiet  and 
retiring  disposition.  A  little  below  the  average  height,  somewhat  spare  of  build, 
a  little  grey  tingeing  a  closely-cropped  beard  which  lends  to  his  countenance  a 
striking  resemblance  to  Sir  William  Mackenzie,  Mr.  Green  can,  when  he  is  in 
Victoria,  where  he  makes  his  home  when  the  house  of  commons  is  not  in  ses- 
sion, be  found  at  his  office  premises  on  the  corner  of  Broughton  and  Langley 
streets. 

Though  somewhat  absteminous  in  his  habits,  "Bob,"  as  he  is  known  to  his 
intimates,  is  voted  a  prince  of  good  fellows  and  the  best  of  companions.  Just 
how  it  came  about  that  he  came  to  occupy  such  a  leading  position  amongst  his 
fellows  may  be  indicated  in  a  few  lines.  First,  he  had  and  has  unbounded  con- 
fidence in  the  future  greatness  of  his  adopted  province ;  second,  he  always  backed 
up  his  faith  by  action;  third,  he  always  stood  by  his  friends  and  "played  the 
game." 

It  was  in  the  fall  of  1885  that  Mr.  Green  first  came  to  British  Columbia, 
destined  to  prove  the  scene  of  his  future  activity.  After  a  strenuous  business 
career  in  the  pioneer  days  in  the  mining  camps  of  the  Kootenay,  which  will  be 
alluded  to  later,  it  was,  in  1893,  that  he  was  first  summoned  to  public  life,  being; 
chosen  first  mayor  of  Kaslo,  and,  although  he  was  defeated  for  the  next  term,, 
was  reelected  in  the  elections  of  1896  and  1897.  In  1898,  he  was  elected  to  the 
provincial  legislature  for  the  Kaslo-Slocan  Riding  in  opposition  to  the  Turner 
government.  He  was  again  elected  in  1900  as  a  supporter  of  the  Semlin  govern- 
ment, and,  in  1903,  was  elected  as  a  supporter  of  the  McBride  administration,. 
accepting  under  that  government  the  office  of  minister  of  mines.  He  resigned 
this  portfolio  in  November,  1903,  and  became  chief  commissioner  of  lands  ami 
works,  from  which  important  office  he  withdrew  in  December,  1906.  His  work 
in  parliament  has  been  of  far-reaching  effect,  and  he  has  ever  well  taken  care  of  the 
interests  of  his  constituents.  He  has  done  much  towards  promoting  and  initiat- 
ing constructive  legislation  in  committee  rooms  and  on  the  floor  of  the  house, 
and  his  service  in  this  connection  has  ever  given  high  satisfaction  to  those  who 
called  him  to  this  responsible  position.  In  1912,  Mr.  Green  was  elected  to  the 
federal  parliament  by  acclamation  to  represent  the  Kootenay  constituency.  This 
was  made  necessary  by  the  appointment  of  his  predecessor  to  the  railway  com- 
mission. 

Mr.  Green  was  born  at  Peterboro,  Ontario,  a  son  of  Benjamin  and  Rebecca 
(Lipsett)  Green,  his  father  being  a  native  of  County  West  Meath,  and  his 
mother  of  County  Donegal,  Ireland.  They  emigrated  to  Canada  about  1835, 
locating  near  Montreal,  where  the  father  engaged  in  agricultural  pursuits.  About 
1840  they  removed  to  Toronto,  where  Benjamin  Green  became  connected  with 
the  grain  and  produce  business.  He  later  was  active  in  business  in  Peterboro. 
In  1890,  he  came  to  British  Columbia,  where  his  death  occurred  in  1896  at  Kaslo,. 
his  age  being  eighty-one  years.  His  wife  had  preceded  him  to  the  Great  Beyond,, 
passing  away  in  Ontario  in  1889. 

Robert  Green,  who  was  one  of  ten  children,  was  educated  in  the  public  schools 
and  the  collegiate  institute  in  Peterboro.  In  1879  he  crossed  the  border  to  the 
United  States,  being  until  1881  engaged  in  business  in  a  small  way  in  Pennsyl- 
vania. He  then  returned  to  Peterboro,  but,  in  1882,  heeding  the  call  of  the  west, 
located  in  Winnipeg,  and  westward  from  there,  engaging  in  construction  work  on 
the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad  until  1884.  In  the  spring  of  1885,  he  went  to 
Calgary  and  joined  the  commissary  department  of  the  forces  under  General 
Strange,  remaining  with  that  contingent  throughout  the  rebellion.  After  the 
campaign  he  joined  his  brothers  in  Revelstoke.  At  that  time,  the  Canadian  Paci- 
fic tracks  extended  only  six  miles  west  of  Beaver,  British  Columbia,  which  is. 


128  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

eighty  miles  from  Revelstoke,  and  he  had  to  walk  this  distance.  Shortly  after 
his  arrival  at  that  place,  he  joined  his  two  brothers  in  the  general  mercantile 
business  in  that  town,  continuing  so  until  1886,  at  which  time  he  purchased  the 
interest  of  one  of  his  brothers  in  the  business,  the  firm  then  being  known  as 
Green  Brothers.  They  later  also  opened  a  branch  store  at  Illicillewaet,  British 
Columbia.  Later  on  they  closed  up  their  Revelstoke  store  and  opened  a  branch 
at  Sproats  Landing.  In  1891,  the  store  at  Illicillewaet  was  abandoned  and 
removed  to  Ainsworth,  British  Columbia,  and  the  general  merchandise  business 
of  E.  S.  Wilson  &  Company  of  that  place  was  purchased.  Upon  the  completion 
of  the  railway  from  Sproats  Landing  to  Nelson,  their  business  at  the  former 
place  was  transferred  to  Ainsworth. 

In  1891  he  located  in  Ainsworth,  being  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  that  large  and 
important  district.  He  served  in  a  similar  capacity  as  a  law  officer  of  the  Crown 
during  his  residence  in  Kaslo  from  1894  to  1897,  inclusive,  and  during  this  period 
he  won  for  himself  a  reputation  for  strict  integrity  as  well  as  for  great  personal 
courage.  Those  were  strenuous  days  in  the  pioneer  settlements  of  the  interior  of 
the  province — the  days  when  many  undesirable  characters  flocked  thither  from 
Idaho,  where  the  advent  of  the  famous  "Bull  Pen"  had  struck  terror  to  their  hearts 
— and  many  a  tale  could  be  told  of  how  Mr.  Green  with  a  firm  hand  at  the  right 
moment  had  compelled  due  observance  of  law  and  order  from  those  whose  natural 
disposition  and  inclination  was  otherwise. 

It  is  to  be  recorded  also — and  this  in  a  measure  reveals  the  type  of  man  who 
proved  so  useful  a  citizen  of  the  province  in  the  early  days  of  its  development — that 
Green  Brothers  marketed  the  first  ore  ever  shipped  out  of  the  Kootenay  lake  side 
of  the  famous  Slocan  camp.  This  they  did  under  circumstances  and  con- 
ditions which  would  have  tried  the  mettle  of  most  men.  The  owners  of  the  ore 
had  men  at  work  mining  and  sacking  it  at  the  Whitewater  mines,  controlled  by 
J.  C.  Eaton,  but  neither  the  packers  nor  the  steamboat  people  would  touch  it  until 
all  charges  for  freight  and  smelter  treatment  had  been  paid.  So  Green  Brothers, 
realizing  that,  if  the  impasse  could  not  be  broken,  the  camp  would  be  given  a  black 
eye,  came  to  the  rescue  and  guaranteed  all  charges,  which  amounted  to  sixty-five 
dollars  per  ton.  And  as  a  climax  to  this  situation  it  is  on  record  that  within  a  year 
the  production  of  ore  was  so  great  that  some  eight  or  ten  ore  buyers  were  in  the' 
district,  representing  the  smelter  people.  Thus  did  Mr.  Green  give  practical  evi- 
dence of  his  faith  in  the  future  of  British  Columbia. 

In  1892,  the  firm  opened  the  first  general  store  in  Kaslo,  British  Columbia, 
and  two  years  later  disposed  of  their  Ainsworth  establishment,  devoting  all  of 
their  attention  to  their  interests  at  Kaslo.  In  1902,  they  amalgamated  with  the 
general  merchandise  store  of  H.  Giegerich ;  the  hardware  store  of  H.  Byers  & 
Company,  and  the  hardware  store  of  A.  E.  Morris,  and  the  firm  then  became 
known  as  The  Byers,  Giegerich,  Green  Company,  Limited,  which  firm  is  still  in 
existence. 

Mr.  Green  first  located  in  Victoria  in  1903,  and  engaged  in  business  in  this  city 
in  1907  by  forming  a  partnership  with  Arthur  C.  Burdick,  under  the  firm  name 
of  Green  £  Burdick,  real-estate  and  financial  agents,  with  offices  in  the  Bank  of 
Montreal  building.  They  later  moved  to  the  Law  Chambers,  and  eventually 
secured  their  present  location  at  the  corner  of  Broughton  and  Langley  streets, 
where  they  do  an  extensive  and  representative  business.  In  1908,  Newton  T. 
Burdick — a  brother  of  his  partner — entered  the  firm,  which  then  became  known 
as  Green  &  Burdick  Brothers.  All  three  members  are  well  versed  in  local  real- 
estate  values,  and  their  judgment  in  that  regard  is  highly  estimated.  They  handle 
much  valuable  property,  and  their  business  transactions  have  had  a  distinct  influ- 
ence upon  the  growth  and  expansion  of  the  city.  The  firm  also  does  an  extensive 
insurance  business,  representing  both  fire  and  accident,  and  also  bonding  com- 
panies. They,  moreover,  act  as  financial  agents,  and  their  reliability  in  that  respect 
is  proverbial.  They  placed  many  of  the  larger  subdivisions  on  the  market,  doing 
business  principally  in  the  northern  section  of  Victoria.  Mr.  Green  is  the  senior 
member  of  the  firm  and  acts  more  or  less  in  an  advisory  capacity  only,  as  his  various 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  129 

business  interests  require  much  of  his  time  and  attention.  He  is  identified  with 
a  number  of  prosperous  mining  enterprises  throughout  British  Columbia,  one  of 
which  is  the  well  known  Slocan  Star  Mine,  located  near  Sandon,  British  Columbia. 
He  is  also  interested  to  some  extent  in  fruit  raising,  and,  along  that  line,  has  been 
an  important  factor  in  encouraging  the  fruit-growing  industry  in  those  sections  of 
the  province  which  are  favorable  thereto.  He  is  identified  with  a  number  of  other 
enterprises  and  industries,  too  numerous  to  mention,  and  is  a  director  of  the 
Colonial  Trust  Company,  Limited;  the  New  British.  Columbia  Lands,  Limited; 
and  The  Slocan  Star  Mine,  Limited. 

In  Erie,  Pennsylvania,  Mr.  Green  married,  on  January  31,  1889,  Miss  Celia 
E.  McDannell,  a  daughter  of  O.  H.  P.  and  Mary  A.  McDannell,  natives  of  Penn- 
sylvania, where  the  father  was  engaged  in  farming.  Both  parents  have  passed 
away.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Green  have  two  children :  Robert  H.,  born  November  10, 
1889,  a  graduate  of  McGill  University  in  1912,  and  at  present  studying  law  at 
Osgoode  Hall,  Toronto;  and  Cecilia  R.,  born  November  29,  1890,  also  a  graduate 
of  McGill  University,  and  now  articled  to  the  firm  of  Mackay  &  Miller,  of 
Victoria. 

The  family  residence,  one  of  the  attractive  homes  of  Victoria,  is  located  at 
No.  502  Rupert  street,  but  they  spend  their  summers  in  their  home  on  Beecher 
bay,  where  Mr.  Green  indulges  in  outdoor  life,  of  which  he  is  very  fond,  finding 
great  pleasure  in  boating  and  fishing. 

Mr.  Green  is  prominent  in  the  Masonic  fraternity,  in  which  he  has  attained 
high  rank  and  held  many  offices.  He  is  a  member  of  St.  Andrew's  Lodge,  No.  49, 
of  Victoria ;  of  the  Kootenay  Royal  Arch  Chapter ;  Vancouver  Preceptory ;  and 
Gizeh  Temple  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  He  is  a  past  master  of  the  blue  lodge,  past 
district  deputy  grand  master,  past  first  principal  of  the  chapter  and  past  potentate 
of  the  shrine.  He  is  well  known  in  club  life  of  the  city,  being  a  member  of  the 
Union  and  Pacific  Clubs  of  Victoria.  His  recreations  are  indicated  through  his 
membership  in  the  Royal  Victoria  Yacht  Club  and  the  Victoria  Golf  Club.  Mr. 
Green  is  also  a  member  of  the  Rideau  and  the  Laurentian  Clubs  of  Ottawa. 


GEORGE  McCUAIG. 

George  McCuaig,  auctioneer  and  commission  merchant  of  Vancouver,  was 
Dorn  in  Scotland,  October  24,  1852,  a  son  of  Henry  and  Janet  McCuaig.  In 
the  year  1857  the  family  left  the  land  of  hills  and  heather  and  started  for  Canada 
on  a  sailing  ship  which  was  nine  weeks  on  the  voyage.  The  son  George  was 
then  a  lad  of  but  four  years,  so  that  practically  his  entire  life  has  been  passed 
on  this  side  of  the  water.  He  was  reared  in  Barrie,  Ontario,  where  he  attended 
the  public  schools  and  then  entered  the  dry-goods  business  in  Barrie,  remaining 
there  until  1881,  when  he  made  his  way  westward  to  Winnipeg.  Ten  years 
were  spent  in  that  city  and  in  the  territories  and  in  1891  he  arrived  in  Van- 
couver. Through  the  succeeding  three  years  he  managed  a  dry-goods  store 
for  George  I.  Wilson,  and  in  1894  left  for  Africa,  where  he  spent  four  years. 
In  1899  he  returned  to  Vancouver,  where  he  established  business  as  an  auc- 
tioneer and  commission  merchant,  in  which  line  he  still  continues.  He  has  a 
well  appointed  establishment  and  so  conducts  his  trade  as  to  gain  substantial 
and  well  merited  returns.  His  judgment  is  sound  in  placing  valuations  upon 
any  articles  which  he  handles  and  he  has  become  well  known  to  the  purchasing 
public  as  one  whose  stock  is  extensive  and  whose  business  integrity  is  unassail- 
able. 

During  the  early  years  of  his  residence  in  the  west  Mr.  McCuaig  became 
a  member  of  the  local  military  corps  at  Medicine  Hat  during  the  Riel  rebellion 
of  1885.  When  its  leader,  Louis  David  Riel,  was  on  the  scaffold  to  be  hung 
as  a  traitor  to  his  country,  Mr.  McCuaig  secured  his  autograph,  which  is  now 
in  the  Carnegie  library  at  Vancouver.  On  the  23d  of  August,  1900,  in  this 


130  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

city,  Mr.  McCuaig  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Sarah  Campbell,  a  daughter 
of  Rod  and  Christina  Campbell,  representatives  of  a  Scotch  family  originally 
from  Glengarry,  Ontario.  Unto  Mr.  and  Mrs.  McCuaig  has  been  born  a  son, 
Gordon  Campbell.  The  parents  are  members  of  the  Presbyterian  church. 
Mr.  McCuaig  belongs  to  Mount  Hermon  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  to  the 
Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows.  His  political  support  is  given  to  the  liberal 
party.  His  interest  in  public  affairs  is  that  of  a  citizen  who  seeks  the  welfare 
and  upbuilding  of  the  community  in  which  he  lives  and  is  loyal  to  its  best 
interests.  His  life  has  had  its  settings  in  various  scenes,  as  he  has  lived  at 
different  times  in  Scotland,  eastern  and  western  Canada  and  Africa.  Through 
all  he  has  been  actuated  by  a  laudable  desire  to  work  his  way  upward,  and  his 
life  history  shows  what  may  be  accomplished  when  energy  and  determina- 
tion point  out  the  way. 

THOMAS  L.  KENNEDY. 

It  is  on  all  sides  conceded  that  the  real-estate  business,  more  than  any  other, 
contributes  to  the  growth  and  upbuilding  of  a  community,  and  the  advancement 
and  expansion  of  a  city  is  often  due  to  an  enterprising  real-estate  man  who  will 
stimulate  interest  in  property,  will  keep  alive  transfers  and  transactions  and  will 
draw  outside  capital  and  new  settlers  to  a  community.  Such  a  man  is  Thomas 
L.  Kennedy  of  North  Vancouver,  who  for  some  time  has  been  one  of  the  leading 
real-estate  dealers  of  this  community  and  also  has  made  an  enviable  record  in  a 
public  capacity  as  a  member  of  the  city  board  of  aldermen. 

Mr.  Kennedy  was  born  in  New  Brunswick  on  July  i,  1866,  a  son  of  Samuel 
and  Louisa  (McKenzie)  Kennedy,  the  former  a  native  of  Ireland  and  the  latter 
of  New  Brunswick,  of  Scotch  ancestry.  The  father  was  brought  to  Canada  by  his 
parents  when  about  ten  years  of  age,  the  latter  settling  in  New  Brunswick.  There 
he  attained  manhood  and  engaged  in  farming  but  in  1906  the  opportunities  of 
British  Columbia  decided  him  to  locate  in  North  Vancouver,  where  he  and  his 
wife  are  now  living  retired. 

Thomas  L.  Kennedy  was  reared  at  home  and  he  acquired  his  education  in  the 
public  schools  of  New  Brunswick,  completing  the  same  with  a  business  course  in 
the  Ontario  Business  College,  which  he  took  in  the  winter  of  1892-3.  Mr.  Ken- 
nedy spent  his  young  manhood  in  New  Brunswick  engaged  in  farming  and  lum- 
bering but  in  1892  came  to  Ontario,  spending  the  following  winter  in  Toronto, 
and  in  the  spring  of  1893  removed  to  British  Columbia,  where  he  spent  the  fol- 
lowing year  in  the  lumber  woods.  In  1894  he  located  in  North  Vancouver,  being 
among  the  pioneers  of  this  little  city.  With  the  exception  of  about  three  and  a 
half  years  spent  in  the  Yukon  gold  fields  he  has  made  his  home  in  North  Van- 
couver since  that  time.  In  the  spring  of  1901  Mr.  Kennedy  with  others  pro- 
ceeded to  the  Yukon  country,  where  he  remained  for  about  three  and  a  half  years, 
but  finding  nothing  that  panned  out  successfully  beyond  a  good  salary,  he  returned 
to  North  Vancouver  and  there  engaged  in  general  contracting  in  company  with 
P.  A.  Aikin.  For  the  past  three  years,  however,  he  has  devoted  his  attention 
to  the  real-estate  business  and  along  this  line  success  has  attended  his  efforts 
and  the  development  and  expansion  of  North  Vancouver  has  been  stimulated 
through  his  labors. 

On  February  i,  1911,  Mr.  Kennedy  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Mary 
Muriel  Bartrem,  of  Ottawa,  and  to  them  has  been  born  one  child,  Everett  Bart- 
rem  McKenzie.  Politically  Mr.  Kennedy  is  independent.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
present  board  of  city  aldermen  and  has  been  instrumental  in  instituting  or  pro- 
moting a  number  of  beneficial  measures.  In  that  capacity  as  well  as  in  his  private 
life  he  has  done  much  to  promote  worthy  enterprises  and  is  recognized  as  a  force- 
ful element  in  the  community.  Fraternally  he  is  a  member  of  North  Vancouver 
Lodge,  No.  40,  Knights  of  Pythias.  He  is  liberal  in  his  support  of  the  churches 


THOMAS  L.  KENNEDY 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  133 

and  charitable  institutions  and  is  ever  ready  to  give  a  helping  hand  to  those  in 
need,  although  his  aid  is  given  unostentatiously  and  often  his  beneficiaries  do  not 
even  know  who  was  their  friend  in  need.  A  r/idn  true  in  character,  honest  in  his 
actions,  able  and  vigorous,  he  is  highly  respected  and  esteemed  and  has  many 
friends. 


EDWARD  CHARLES  HART,  M.  D.,  C.  M. 

A  keen  interest  in  the  profession  of  medicine  in  its  scientific  and  humanitarian 
aspects,  an  appreciation  of  the  value  of  life  and  its  ultimate  aims  and  purposes, 
comprehensive  knowledge  and  a  sense  of  personal  responsibility,  these  are  the 
qualities  which  make  Dr.  Edward  Charles  Hart  an  able  and  successful  physician 
and  place  him  among  the  foremost  representatives  of  the  medical  fraternity  in 
Victoria,  where  since  1897  he  has  been  in  active  and  successful  practice.  Since 
1898  he  has  been  coroner  of  this  district  and  is  connected  with  the  regular 
military  service  of  Canada,  being  senior  medical  officer  for  district  IT,  compris- 
ing British  Columbia  and  the  Yukon,  and  he  has  other  important  connections, 
evidencing  his  high  standing  in  the  profession  and  the  gratifying  recognition 
which  his  ability  has  received  in  medical  circles. 

Dr.  Hart  was  born  on  the  i6th  of  June,  1870,  in  Baddeck,  Nova  Scotia,  and 
is  a  son  of  Charles  and  Ellen  (Baxter)  Hart,  natives  of  Nova  Scotia,  the  former 
for  many  years  in  the  general  shipping  business  in  that  province.  During  the 
time  of  the  Civil  war  in  the  United  States  he  supplied  building  material  in  large 
quantities  to  the  United  States  government  but  he  later  abandoned  this  occupa- 
tion and  turned  his  attention  to  banking,  becoming  manager  of  a  branch  of  the 
Merchants  Bank  of  Halifax  located  in  Baddeck.  He  retired  from  active  life 
in  1893  and  lived  quietly  until  his  death,  which  occurred  in  December,  1912. 
His  parents  were  also  natives  of  Nova  Scotia  and  their  ancestors  were  of  Irish 
descent  and  Empire  Loyalists  who  left  the  colonies  and  settled  in  that  province 
at  the  time  of  the  Revolutionary  war.  The  mother  of  the  subject  of  this  review 
survives  her  husband  and  makes  her  home  in  Vancouver.  Her  parents  were 
natives  of  Scotland  who  emigrated  to  Canada  about  the  year  1825,  the  father 
afterward  preaching  Presbyterian  doctrines  in  the  Dominion  for  over  fifty 
years. 

Dr.  Hart  acquired  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Nova  Scotia 
and  he  later  entered  Pictou  Academy,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1887. 
In  the  following  year  he  entered  the  civil  service  in  the  house  of  commons  but 
abandoned  this  in  order  to  enroll  in  McGill  University.  He  studied  medicine 
and  in  1894  was  graduated  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  and  C.  M.  Upon  leaving 
the  university  he  located  in  Baddeck,  Nova  Scotia,  and  began  the  practice  of  his 
profession,  remaining  there  until  1897.  At  this  time,  believing  that  the  west 
offered  wider  opportunities,  he  moved  to  Victoria  and  opened  an  office  on 
Douglas  street,  near  Fort.  In  the  summer  of  the  same  year  he  was  placed  in 
charge  of  the  Jubilee  Hospital  and  upon  leaving  that  institution  formed  a  part- 
nership with  Dr.  F.  W.  Hall,  at  that  time  a  prominent  physician  of  Victoria, 
now  deceased.  Their  association  continued  until  1908,  when  Dr.  Hart  moved 
to  his  present  location  at  No.  643  Courtney  street,  where  he  has  since  carried  on 
the  general  practice  of  medicine  and  surgery.  Dr.  Hart  has  proven  careful  in 
the  diagnosis  of  cases  and  successful  in  the  application  of  remedies,  for  he  keeps 
abreast  with  the  most  advanced  professional  thought  and  is  interested  in  every- 
thing pertaining  to  the  science  of  medicine.  He  has  remained  always  a  close 
and  earnest  student,  never  considering  his  medical  education  complete,  and  his 
powers  have  continually  developed  so  that  today  he  is  without  doubt  one  of  the 
leading  physicians  and  surgeons  in  Victoria.  Since  1898  he  has  held  the  office 
of  coroner  of  the  Victoria  district  and  has  discharged  the  duties  of  this  office 


134  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

capably  and  conscientiously,  making  his  superior  ability  the  basis  of  a  useful 
work  of  public  service. 

In  Dr.  Hart's  career  there  is  an  interesting  military  chapter.  He  is  connected 
with  the  permanent  regular  military  service  of  Canada,  having  in  1898  joined 
the  Fifth  Regiment  Canadian  Garrison  Artillery  with  the  rank  of  surgeon  major. 
He  served  thus  until  May  I,  1906,  when  he  was  made  captain  in  the  regular 
service,  a  position  which  he  held  until  December  n,  1907,  when  he  was  promoted 
to  his  present  rank  of  major.  He  is  also  senior  medical  officer  for  district  No. 
ii,  comprising  British  Columbia  and  the  Yukon.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Vic- 
toria Medical  Society  and  was  for  two  years  president  of  that  organization 
and  for  one  year  secretary.  In  addition  to  this  he  is  past  president  and  past 
vice  president  of  the  Provincial  Medical  Society  and  through  his  membership  in 
these  bodies  keeps  in  touch  with  the  trend  of  modern  thought  along  medical 
lines. 

In  Vancouver,  in  August,  1898,  Dr.  Hart  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Margaret  McPhee.  a  native  of  Nova  Scotia  and  a  daughter  of  Archibald  and 
Anne  (McLane)  McPhee,  the  former  of  Scotch  ancestry.  He  for  many  years 
engaged  in  farming  in  Nova  Scotia,  dying  in  that  province  in  1909.  The  mother 
is  of  Irish  extraction  and  makes  her  home  with  the  subject  of  this  review  in 
Victoria.  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Hart  have  three  children :  Ellen,  who  was  born  August 
31,  1899;  Edward,  born  July  22,  1902;  and  Josephine,  born  June  19,  1909. 

Dr.  Hart  is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian  church  and  fraternally  is  con- 
nected with  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  the  Foresters  and  the  Knights 
of  Pythias.  His  club  affiliations  are  extensive  and  important  for  he  belongs 
to  the  L'nion  and  Pacific  Clubs  of  Victoria,  the  Victoria  Gun  Club  and  the  Capital 
Gun  Club,  of  which  he  is  past  president.  He  is,  moreover,  prominent  in  the 
affairs  of  the  Victoria  Automobile  Association,  for  he  has  the  distinction  of  hav- 
ing been  the  first  motorist  in  British  Columbia,  running  the  first  car  in  the  prov- 
ince in  1900.  lie  is  now  vice  president  of  the  Automobile  Association  and  has 
kept  up  his  keen  and  enthusiastic  interest  in  motoring,  spending  a  great  many 
of  his  leisure  hours  on  the  beautiful  automobile  roads  in  and  around  Victoria. 
He  is  an  enthusiastic  advocate  of  all  kinds  of  outdoor  sports,  believing  in  physical 
efficiency  as  a  factor  in  success  and  he  is  particularly  interested  in  hunting  as 
his  membership  in  the  most  prominent  gun  clubs  in  the  city  indicates.  His  atten- 
tion, however,  is  concentrated  upon  his  profession,  of  which  he  always  remains 
an  earnest  student,  supplementing  his  already  comprehensive  knowledge  and 
experience  by  individual  research  and  investigation.  During  the  fifteen  years 
he  has  practiced  in  this  city  he  has  won  a  large  and  representative  patronage  and 
holds  the  confidence  and  esteem  of  his  patients  as  well  as  a  high  place  in  the 
regard  of  the  medical  fraternity. 


ISAAC  HUDSON. 

Isaac  Hudson,  a  successful  and  representative  business  man  and  substantial 
citizen  of  New  Westminster,  has  for  more  than  two  decades  conducted  a  paint- 
ing and  decorating  establishment  and  also  deals  in  wall  paper.  His  birth  occurred 
in  Grey  county,  Ontario,  on  the  6th  of  July,  1869,  his  parents  being  Henry  and 
Mary  (Brown)  Hudson,  the  former  a  native  of  Ontario  and  the  latter  of  York- 
shire, England.  Their  marriage  was  celebrated  in  Ontario,  to  which  province 
the  mother  had  come  as  a  girl  with  her  parents.  In  early  manhood  Henry 
Hudson  was  identified  with  the  lumber  business  but  subsequently  located  on  a 
farm  in  Grey  county  and  there  devoted  his  attention  to  general  agricultural  pur- 
suits throughout  the  remainder  of  his  life,  passing  away  at  the  venerable  age 
of  eighty-nine  years.  He  served  as  reeve  of  the  township  of  Osprey  for  several 
year's  and  was  one  of  the  influential  citizens  of  his  section. 


ISAAC  HUDSON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  137 

Isaac  Hudson  was  reared  under  the  parental  roof  and  attended  the  public 
schools  in  the  acquirement  of  his  education,  but  his  advantages  in  that  direction 
were  somewhat  limited,  for  he  was  ill  during  three  years  of  the  period  usually 
devoted  to  school  work.  In  his  sixteenth  year  he  was  apprenticed  to  the  painter's 
and  decorator's  trade,  his  term  of  indenture  covering  three  years.  For  the  first 
year  he  received  thirty  dollars  and  board,  while  his  second  year's  remuneration 
was  forty  dollars  and  his  third  year's  sixty  dollars.  When  his  apprenticeship  at 
Collingwood  was  terminated  he  went  to  Sault  Ste  Marie  and  for  about  two 
years  worked  in  cities  on  both  the  American  and  Canadian  sides.  In  the  fall 
of  1889  he  came  to  British  Columbia,  locating  in  New  Westminster,  where  he 
has  made  his  home  continuously  since.  On  his  arrival  here  he  worked  as  a 
journeyman  for  C.  F.  Pretty  and  one  year  later  purchased  the  business  from 
his  employer,  having  conducted  the  same  independently  to  the  present  time.  In 
the  fire  of  1898  his  establishment  was  wiped  out  and,  being  without  insurance, 
was  a  total  loss.  Within  the  following  week,  however,  he  had  erected  a  shack 
on  the  old  site  and  was  again  ready  for  business.  This  same  spirit  of  enterprise 
and  indomitable  energy  has  characterized  all  of  his  efforts,  and  as  the  years  have 
gone  by  he  has  built  up  an  enviable  and  gratifying  patronage. 

In  1896  Mr.  Hudson  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Helen  Pentlane  Wood, 
of  New  Westminster,  who  came  to  this  city  from  Guelph,  Ontario,  with  her 
mother,  Keith  (Sutherland)  Wood.  Her  father,  Charles  Wood,  passed  away 
in  Ontario.  Unto  our  subject  and  his  wife  have  been  born  seven  children,  five 
of  whom  are  living,  namely :  Charles  Reginald,  Iva  Kathleen,  Bessie  Myrtle, 
Ernest  Melbourne  and  William  Osborne.  Mr.  Hudson  belongs  to  the  West- 
minster Board  of  Trade  and  has  fraternal  relations  with  the  following  orders : 
Amity  Lodge,  No.  27,  I.  O.  O.  F. ;  Granite  Lodge,  No.  16,  K.  P.;  and  Court 
Westminster,  No.  330,  Canadian  Order  of  Foresters.  For  five  years  he  served 
as  manager  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  of  which  his  wife  is  also  a  devoted  mem- 
ber. The  salient  qualities  of  his  life  have  ever  commended  him  to  the  confidence, 
good-will  and  esteem  of  those  with  whom  he  has  come  in  contact  and  he  has 
always  enjoyed  the  high  regard  of  a  host  of  warm  friends. 


FRANK  LLEWELLYN  BUCKLEY. 

A  man  to  whose  executive  ability,  organizing  power  and  progressive  spirit, 
Vancouver  owes  the  development  and  growth  of  some  of  her  most  representa- 
tive business  institutions,  is  Frank  Llewellyn  Buckley,  managing  director  of  the 
British  Canadian  Lumber  Corporation  and  connected  through  investment  or  able 
official  services  with  other  equally  important  corporate  interests.  A  spirit  of  enter- 
prise actuates  him  in  all  that  he  does,  leading  him  while  he  is  still  a  young  man 
into  important  business  relations  and  proving  a  valuable  factor  in  the  growth  and 
development  of  the  institutions  with  which  he  is  connected.  He  was  born  in 
Cass  county,  Iowa,  on  the  26th  of  July,  1874,  and  is  a  son  of  John  R.  and  Ann 
Elizabeth  (Gates)  Buckley,  the  former  a  native  of  New  York  state  and  the 
latter  of  the  city  of  New  York.  Their  marriage  occurred  in  Iowa  and  the  father 
engaged  in  farming  in  Cass  county  for  many  years  thereafter,  following  this 
occupation  until  his  death.  His  wife  survives  him  and  makes  her  home  with 
the  subject  of  this  review. 

Frank  Llewellyn  Buckley  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
his  native  section  and  after  laying  aside  his  books  turned  his  attention  to  teach- 
ing, in  which  profession  he  was  engaged  for  three  years  thereafter.  At  the 
end  of  that  time  he  went  to  Somers  in  the  Flathead  valley,  Montana,  and  worked 
in  the  sawmill  controlled  by  the  John  O'Brien  Lumber  Company  for  four  years, 
after  which  he  came  to  British  Columbia,  locating  in  the  Okanagan  valley. 
Here  he  acted  as  manager  for  the  mill  at  Enderby,  the  property  of  the  Rogers 
Lumber  Company  and  after  remaining  three  years,  came  in  September,  1908. 


138  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

to  Vancouver  where  he  became  connected  with  the  Vancouver  Lumber  Com- 
pany as  sales  manager.  By  this  time  he  had  mastered  the  lumber  business  in 
principle  and  detail,  his  many  years  of  experience  combining  with  his  natural 
business  and  executive  ability  to  make  him  a  valuable  man  in  any  connection. 
He  retained  his  first  business  connection  in  this  city  until  1910,  in  March  of 
which  year  he  became  managing  director  of  the  British  Canadian  Lumber  Cor- 
poration, in  which  position  he  still  continues.  He  is  the  only  resident  official 
of  the  concern  and  its  remarkable  growth  in  the  past  three  years  is  due  to  him 
in  large  measure,  for  he  has  maintained  a  constant  and  careful  supervision 
over  the  entire  management  of  the  concern.  This  is  one  of  the  largest  timber 
holding  and  lumber  manufacturing  enterprises  in  Canada  and  Mr.  Buckley's 
administrative  ability  aided  greatly  in  its  later  reorganization  and  in  its  estab- 
lishment upon  the  solid,  conservative  and  reliable  financial  basis  upon  which 
it  stands  today.  His  responsible  duties  have  made  great  demands  upon  his 
tact,  efficiency  and  executive  power — demands  which  have  been  met  fully  and 
completely,  Mr.  Buckley's  success  placing  him  in  the  front  ranks  of  business 
men  of  the  city.  In  addition  to  his  connection  with  the  British  Canadian  Lum- 
ber Corporation  he  is  connected  as  a  director  with  the  Great  Northern  Railway 
Company,  the  Coquitlam  Shipbuilding  &  Marine  Railway  Company  and  the 
Hudson  Bay  Mortgage  Corporation ;  and  he  is  president  and  general  manager 
of  the  Iowa  Lumber  &  Timber  Company,  president  of  the  Vancouver  Arena 
Company,  vice  president  and  director  in  the  North  American  Securities,  Ltd., 
and  a  director  in  the  Hazelton  Bridge  Company,  connections  which  indicate 
something  of  the  scope  of  his  interests  and  the  extent  of  his  ability. 

On  the  i4th  of  January,  1900,  in  Cass  county,  Iowa,  Mr.  Buckley  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Rosa  Lindeman  and  they  have  become  the  parents  of  three 
children,  Geneva  Anna,  Helen  Martha  and  Frank  Norman.  Mr.  Buckley  is 
a  member  of  the  United  Evangelical  church  and  has  extensive  and  important 
fraternal  affiliations,  belonging  to  Melrose  lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M. ;  the  Knights 
Templar,  and  the  Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  He  is  connected  also  with  the 
Modern  Woodmen  of  America  and  the  Order  of  Hoo  Hoos.  He  holds  mem- 
bership in  the  Terminal  City  Club,  the  Press  Club  and  the  Progress  Club  and 
is  well  known  in  social  and  club  circles  of  Vancouver,  where  his  geniality, 
courtesy  and  good  fellowship  have  made  him  widely  popular.  His  political 
allegiance  is  given  to  the  conservative  party  and  although  he  never  seeks  nor 
desires  public  office,  anything  relating  to  municipal  development,  advancement 
or  growth  receives  his  hearty  cooperation  and  active  support.  He  is  still  a 
young  man  but  his  ability  has  already  carried  him  forward  into  important  rela- 
tions with  the  general  business  life  of  Vancouver  and  his  individual  contributions 
towards  the  city's  industrial  and  commercial  progress  have  been  many  and 
substantial. 


REV.  JOHN  MAcKAY,  D.  D.,  B.  A. 

As  principal  of  Westminster  Hall,  Vancouver,  one  of  the  leading  theological 
colleges  of  British  Columbia,  Rev.  John  MacKay  occupies  a  distinguished  position 
among  the  educators  of  the  province.  He  was  born  at  Kintore,  Ontario,  June  i, 
1870,  and  is  a  son  of  Hector  and  Christina  MacKay,  pioneers  of  Oxford  county, 
that  province.  John  MacKay  in  the  acquirement  of  his  education  attended  both 
the  county  and  high  schools  at  Owen  Sound,  subsequently  entering  Toronto  Uni- 
versity, from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1899  with  the  degree  of  B.  A.  After 
leaving  high  school,  however,  and  prior  to  attending  university,  he  taught  school 
for  two  years  at  Holyrood,  Ontario,  and  then  went  to  Detroit,  Michigan,  where  he 
entered  the  employ  of  Stanley,  Smith  &  Company,  wholesale  coal  dealers,  remain- 
ing with  that  firm  as  a  traveling  salesman  until  1895,  in  which  year  he  matricu- 
lated in  the  University  of  Toronto.  Upon  his  graduation  in  1899  he  was  awarded 


REV.  .TOHX  MAcKAY 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  141 

'-the  governor  general's  gold  medal  and  as  the  first  vice  president  of  the  literary 
•society  was  the  only  man  in  the  entire  history  of  the  university  to  win  the  highest 
scholastic  honors  and  at  the  same  time  to  receive  the  highest  elective  ones.  Rev. 
MacKay  subsequently  went  to  Scotland,  where  he  graduated  from  the  Glasgow 
United  Free  Church  College,  in  Glasgow,  in  1902.  In  1901  he  was  one  of  a  party 
•of  scholars  under  Professor  George  Adam  Smith  to  visit  Egypt  and  Palestine  and 
spend  some  time  in  studying  there.  In  1908  the  honor  of  D.  I),  (honoris  causa) 
was  bestowed  upon  him  by  the  Presbyterian  College  of  Montreal.  From  1902 
•until  1908  Mr.  MacKay  was  pastor  of  Crescent  Presbyterian  church  of  Montreal, 
coming  in  the  latter  year  to  Vancouver,  British  Columbia,  to  enter  upon  his  present 
position  in  connection  with  Westminster  Hall.  He  has  done  much  toward  making 
this  college  one  of  the  foremost  in  the  Dominion  and  exerts  his  best  powers  and 
ability  to  prepare  the  young  men  under  his  charge  for  the  ministerial  profession. 
At  Montreal  Rev.  MacKay  was  for  four  years  chaplain  of  the  Montreal  Curling 
•Club,  a  life  governor  of  the  General  Hospital  and  of  the  MacKay  Institution  for 
the  Blind  and  since  coming  to  Vancouver  has  served  as  chaplain  of  the  Seventy- 
second  Highlanders.  He  is  well  known  in  fraternal  circles,  being  a  member  of  Mt. 
Hermon  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  Vancouver,  and  also  holds  membership  with  the 
Delta  Upsilon  Fraternity,  Toronto  chapter.  Dr.  MacKay  is  the  organizer  and 
president  of  Western  Residential  Schools,  Ltd.,  capital  five  hundred  thousand 
•dollars,  which  conducts  Braemar  School  for  Girls  and  Langara  School  for  Boys, 
both  situated  on  Shaughncssy  Heights.  He  is  a  member  of  the  International 
Peace  Centenary  Association  and  of  the  Industrial  Peace  Association  of  Canada, 
and  is  president  of  the  Canadian  Club  of  Vancouver.  He  is  also  a  member  of 
the  University  Club  of  Vancouver  and  the  Shaughnessy  Heights  Golf  Club. 

On  April  3,  1907,  Rev.  MacKay  was  married  at  Toronto,  Ontario,  to  Miss 
Leila  Julie  Sampson,  a  daughter  of  W.  A.  and  Julie  Sampson.  For  many  years 
W.  A.  Sampson  was  manager  of  the  Bank  of  Commerce  at  Woodstock,  Ontario. 
Mrs.  MacKay  passed  away  in  the  spring  of  1913,  leaving  one  son.  Armour 
MacKay,  five  years  of  age.  A  zealous  Presbyterian,  Rev.  John  MacKay  finds  in 
"his  position  all  the  opportunity  for  exercising  his  strong  faith  and  spreading  the 
principles  in  which  he  believes,  and  in  this  connecton  has  become  one  of  the  most 
able  and  successful  representatives  of  his  church,  and  yet,  while  loyal  to  his 
faith  he  is  catholic  in  his  sympathies  and  enjoys  the  respect  and  confidence  of  all 
denominations  and  is  active  in  every  form  of  religious  cooperation  in  the  city 
and  nation. 

Dr.  MacKay  has  published  a  volume  of  sermons,  "Religion  as  Friendship  with 
God,"  and  a  small  volume  on  Palestine,  "Summer  Days  in  the  Holy  Land,"  both 
•of  which  have  been  well  received. 


JAMES  DILLON  BYRNE. 

Among  the  representative  citizens  of  Vancouver  is  numbered  James  Dillon 
Byrne,  who  in  1889  established  himself  in  the  real-estate  business  in  the  city. 
He  was  born  in  County  Wicklow,  Ireland,  on  the  i8th  of  August,  1858,  and 
is  a  son  of  the  late  Garrett  Michael  and  Sarah  (Dillon)  Byrne,  both  of  the 
same  section  of  the  Emerald  isle.  His  father  was  prominent  in  public  affairs, 
serving  as  a  member  of  the  Imperial  parliament  for  County  Wexford  from 
1880  to  1883  and  for  the  West  Wicklow  division  of  County  Wicklow  from 
1885  to  1889. 

James  D.  Byrne  was  educated  at  Ratcliffe  College,  Leicestershire,  Eng- 
land, and  spent  his  youth  and  early  manhood  in  Europe,  crossing  the  Atlantic 
in  1889.  He  settled  in  August  of  that  year  in  Vancouver,  British  Columbia, 
and  became  associated  with  C.  D.  Rand  in  the  real-estate  business,  their  asso- 
ciation continuing  from  1889  to  1894.  Mr.  Byrne  was  also  for  many  years 
connected  with  the  real-estate  department  of  the  firm  of  Mahon,  McFarland 


142  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

&  Proctor,  Limited,  and  he  became  well  known  in  real-estate  circles.  He  has 
handled  successfully  many  of  the  most  important  real-estate  transactions  ever 
completed  in  this  section. 

Mr.  Byrne  married  Miss  Florence  K.  Walker,  a  daughter  of  the  late 
William  and  Kate  (Boyde)  Walker,  the  former  a  prominent  woolen  manu- 
facturer in  Yorkshire,  England.  Mr.  Byrne  gives  his  political  allegiance  to- 
the  conservative  party  and  in  early  days  was  active  in  public  affairs,  serving 
as  the  first  official  administrator  and  as  the  first  assessor  for  the  county  of 
Vancouver.  He  is  connected  fraternally  with  the  Catholic  Mutual  Benevolent 
Association  and  is  prominent  in  the  affairs  of  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  being; 
master  of  the  fourth  degree  for  British  Columbia  and  Yukon  Territory,  hav- 
ing served  as  first  territorial  deputy  and  first  state  deputy  of  the  Knights  of 
Columbus  for  the  province  of  British  Columbia.  He  is  well  known  in  Cath- 
olic circles  and  is  an  active  religious  worker.  Throughout  a  period  of  resi- 
dence in  Vancouver  dating  from  1889  he  has  made  his  influence  felt  in  the 
official  and  business  life  of  the  city,  holding  the  unqualified  confidence  and  good- 
will of  all  who  are  in  any  way  associated  with  him.  Mr.  Byrne  resides  at 
Florence  Court,  Georgia  street,  Vancouver. 


JAMES  PLUMRIDGE. 

The  business  interests  of  Mission  City  find  a  worthy  representative  in  the 
person  of  James  Plumridge,  who  is  here  conducting  a  successful  bakery  and 
general  mercantile  business  in  connection  with  which  he  is  also  discharging  the 
duties  of  postmaster.  He  is  a  native  of  England,  his  birth  having  occurred  on  the 
i/th  of  July,  1861,  and  a  son  of  James  and  Susan  (Dafter)  Plumridge.  The 
father  is  deceased  but  the  mother  is  still  living  and  continues  to  make  her  home 
in  England. 

James  Plumridge  was  reared  in  the  home  of  his  parents  and  pursued  his  edu- 
cation until  he  had  attained  the  age  of  thirteen  years.  His  text-books  were  then 
laid  aside  and  he  became  a  wage  earner,  his  first  employment  being  in  a  chair 
factory.  He  was  connected  with  this  industry  for  a  year  and  then  went  to  work 
in  a  bakery,  following  this  occupation  until  he  was  twenty-two  years  of  age.  The 
colonies  had  strongly  attracted  him  from  early  youth,  and  feeling  assured  he  would 
here  find  better  opportunities  for  advancement,  he  subsequently  took  passage  for 
Canada,  locating  at  Port  Arthur,  Ontario.  He  there  found  employment  in  the 
bakery  of  a  Mr.  Lavery,  who  is  now  one  of  the  foremost  representatives  of  this 
line  of  business  in  New  Westminster.  Following  the  western  trend  of  migration- 
after  the  completion  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad,  he  later  came  to  British 
Columbia,  being  one  of  the  early  pioneers  of  Mission  City.  When  he  first  came 
here  Mr.  Plumridge  erected  a  little  shack  on  the  site  of  his  present  location  on 
the  river  front  and  there  established  a  bakery.  As  his  business  developed  he 
extended  the  scope  of  his  activities  by  adding  a  stock  of  general  merchandise,, 
enlarging  his  establishment  from  time  to  time  to  meet  the  demands  of  his  con- 
stantly increasing  trade  until  he  now  has  the  largest  enterprise  of  the  kind  ira 
the  town.  His  line  is  carefully  chosen  to  meet  the  varied  needs  and  circum- 
stances of  his  patrons,  while  the  quality  of  his  wares  is  such  as  to  commend 
them  to  the  people,  whose  confidence  he  has  won  through  his  honorable  and 
upright  methods  of  conducting  his  business. 

At  Port  Arthur,  Ontario,  on  the  I4th  of  December,  1886,  Mr.  Plumridge  was 
married  to  Miss  Florence  Mackenrob,  a  daughter  of  A.  Mackenrob  of  Van- 
couver, and  to  them  have  been  born  eight  children,  as  follows :  William  George  ; 
Walter  E. ;  Fred  J. ;  Hori,  who  is  deceased ;  Clarence  A. ;  Arthur  E. ;  Allen  V. ; 
and  Norman  A. 

The  family  attend  the  Presbyterian  church,  and  fraternally  Mr.  Plumridge 
is  affiliated  with  the  Masonic  order  and  the  Independent  Order  of  Foresters,  to 


JAMES  PLUIMRIDGE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  145 

\vhich  latter  organization  he  has  belonged  for  eighteen  years.  He  is  actively 
interested  in  all  public  affairs,  belonging  to  that  enterprising  class  of  citizens  who 
•while  engaged  in  attaining  personal  success,  contribute  toward  the  general  welfare 
of  the  community  by  cooperating  in  those  movements  which  are  designed  to 
promote  the  general  well-being  of  the  residents  at  large.  He  has  served  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  board  of  school  trustees,  while  for  ten  years  he  has  been  the  incum- 
bent of  the  office  of  postmaster,  and  in  both  capacities  has  discharged  his  duties 
capably. 


CHARLES  WOODWARD. 

Charles  Woodward,  as  the  founder  of  one  of  the  largest  department  stores 
of  Vancouver  which  since  1903  has  been  located  at  the  corner  of  Abbott  and 
Hastings  streets,  has  in  a  large  measure  contributed  to  the  metropolitan  growth 
of  the  city  and  is  accounted  today  one  of  its  foremost  merchants.  The  store 
which  he  has  built  up  from  a  small  beginning  is  one  of  the  finest  in  the  whole 
northwest  and  in  it  can  be  found  all  the  requirements  to  clothe  a  family  and 
to  furnish  a  house  from  cellar  to  garret.  In  the  fast  developing  west  Mr. 
Woodward  found  the  field  of  activity  suited  to  his  own  ideas  of  expansion 
and  he  has  grasped  the  opportunities  as  they  have  presented  themselves  and 
by  perseverance,  diligence  and  industry,  guided  by  laudable  ambition,  he  has 
built  up  an  enterprise  of  which  Vancouver  is  proud  and  which  stands  as  a  monu- 
ment to  his  achievement. 

Mr.  Woodward  was  born  in  the  county  of  Wentworth,  Ontario,  on  the  igth 
of  July,  1852,  and  is  a  descendant  of  old  English  and  Welsh  families.  His 
father  was  John  W.  Woodward,  a  native  of  England,  who  was  born  on  the  old 
farm  which  had  been  the  home  of  the  Woodward  family  for  three  centuries 
and  is  still  in  the  possession  of  a  representative  of  the  name.  He  married 
Miss  May  Culham,  of  Welsh  extraction,  who  lived  to  the  old  age  of  eighty-two 
years.  John  W.  Woodward  died  aged  eighty-four  years.  They  were  members 
of  the  Church  of  England  and  people  who  were  highly  esteemed  for  their 
qualities  of  mind  and  character.  In  their  family  were  five  children,  of  whom 
Charles  Woodward  is  the  only  son  who  came  to  British  Columbia.  Fie  received 
his  education  in  his  native  county  and  is  a  graduate  of  Mono  College  in  Ontario, 
and  remained  under  the  parental  roof  until  twenty-two  years  of  age — on  the 
farm  upon  which  his  father  had  settled  after  coming  to  this  country.  Under 
the  able  guidance  of  his  father  he  acquainted  himself  with  all  of  the  details  of 
modern  farming,  learned  what  methods  to  pursue  and  what  pitfalls  to  avoid 
in  planting  his  crops  and  gathering  his  harvests,  which  knowledge  stood  him 
in  good  stead  in  later  life.  When  a  young  man  of  about  twenty-two  years, 
he  came  with  his  family,  consisting  of  his  wife  and  two  children,  to  the  wilds 
of  Algoma  and  there  took  up  land  which  he  cleared  and  prepared  for  cultivation. 
He  held  to  the  standard  that  "where  there  is  a  will  there  is  a  way,"  and  with 
never  faltering  patience  and  characteristic  energy  had  in  the  next  year  over 
thirty  acres  under  cultivation  which  yielded  him  a  large  crop.  On  the  little 
back-woods  farm  he  had  also  built  a  store  and  this  enterprise  represents  the 
humble  beginning  of  one  who  is  now  considered  one  of  the  foremost  merchants 
•of  Vancouver.  In  his  first  location  he  continued  in  his  agricultural  pursuits 
and  attended  to  his  business  for  five  years,  when,  selling  out,  he  made  a  removal 
to  Manitoba  in  1882  and  there  engaged  as  a  cattle  dealer,  a  business  to  which 
he  was  particularly  adapted  by  his  experience  along  agricultural  lines.  Returns, 
however,  did  not  come  fast  enough  and  he  once  more  went  to  Algoma  where 
he  again  began  business,  this  time  engaging  in  the  lumber  business  as  well  as 
in  merchandising.  It  did  not  take  him  long  to  recoup  and  enjoy  a  large  and 
profitable  trade.  His  growing  success,  however,  was  nipped  in  the  bud  by  a 
disastrous  fire,  causing  him  heavy  loss.  He  discontinued  the  business  in  the 


146  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

interest  of  which  he  had  assumed  a  heavy  indebtedness,  and  although  he  found' 
difficulty  in  at  once  meeting  all  of  his  obligations  he  succeeded  in  paying  off 
his  creditors  dollar  for  dollar,  so  that  no  one  ever  could  complain  of  losing 
one  cent.  Favorable  reports  concerning  British  Columbia  having  reached  his 
ears  and,  perceiving  with  wise  foresight  the  business  opportunities  that  that 
virgin  section  offered  to  a  young  man  of  energy  and  ambition,  he  came  to- 
Vancouver  at  a  time  when  the  city  was  still  in  its  formative  state,  in  1891. 
Although  at  that  time  there  was  a  prosperous  little  provincial  town  people 
hardly  dreamed  of  the  wonderful  development  that  would  raise  the  city  to- 
metropolitan  rank  a  few  years  later.  Mr.  Woodward,  however,  must  have  had 
a  premonition  of  what  the  future  had  in  store  for  the  settlement  and  built 
a  three-story  block  at  the  corner  of  Harris  and  Westminster  streets.  Com- 
pleting the  building,  he  was  selling  in  his  store  in  less  than  three  months,  gro- 
ceries, boots  and  shoes,  renting  out  such  space  in  the  block  as  he  did  not  use 
for  his  own  purposes.  His  trade  increased  and  it  was  only  a  short  time  be- 
fore he  needed  the  whole  building.  In  November,  1903,  he  deemed  it  ad- 
visable to  remove  to  more  commodious  quarters  and  came  to  the  corner  of 
Abbott  and  Hastings  streets  where  the  large  emporium  which  he  now  owns  is. 
located.  The  business  includes  about  twenty  departments  and  each  one  is- 
so  complete  in  itself  that  it  may  be  said  to  represent  an  independent  store. 
The  immense  undertaking  is  ably  directed  by  Mr.  Woodward  who  has  made 
it  one  of  the  finest  department  stores  of  the  Canadian  northwest.  At  the 
time  when  he  first  began  merchandising  in  Vancouver  his  store  was  located 
on  the  edge  of  the  bush  yet  such  was  his  faith  in  the  town  and  its  opportunities 
and  what  the  future  held  in  store,  that  he  never  faltered  in  carrying  out  his 
progressive  policies,  being  one  of  the  leading  spirits  in  making  of  the  town 
what  it  has  become  today,  and  he  can  now  look  back  upon  his  dreams  as 
having  come  true,  for  his  highest  expectations  have  been  realized. 

In  1873  Mr.  Woodward  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Elizabeth  Ander- 
son, a  native  of  Arthur  township,  Ontario,  and  a  daughter  of  Donald  Ander- 
son, who  was  born  in  Ayrshire,  Scotland.  There  were  nine  children  in  the 
family  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Woodward  of  whom  the  following  are  living:  Mary 
C. ;  Annie  E. :  Donald  Anderson ;  William  C.,  who  of  late  has  ably  assisted 
his  father  in  his  manifold  duties  in  connection  with  his  large  business;  Cora  L. ; 
and  Archie  P.  Mr.  Woodward  is  fraternally  connected  with  the  Independent 
Order  of  Foresters  and  with  the  Masonic  body  as  a  member  of  Acacia  Lodge^ 
A.  F.  &  A.  M.  Although  most  of  his  attention  has  been  demanded  by  his 
extensive  affairs  in  connection  with  the  conduct  of  his  business,  he  has  inter- 
ested himself  in  the  welfare  and  advancement  of  all  public  questions,  affect- 
ing the  city.  The  history  of  this  section  of  the  province  has  always  been  attrac- 
tive to  him  and  has  found  in  him  a  man  who  has  taken  interest  in  research  and 
has  given  freely  of  his  time  and  means  to  preserve  valuable  records  to  posterity. 
The  life  of  Mr.  Woodward  and  his  business  success  have  been  so  closely  inter- 
woven with  the  advancement  of  this  city  that  all  three  seem  to  be  one,  espe- 
cially as  his  spirit  of  achievement  has  not  only  been  evident  in  his  individual; 
interests  but  in  those  of  the  city  which  he  proudly  claims  as  his  home. 


WALTER  R.  DOCKRILL. 

By  virtue  of  his  position  as  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Empire- 
Stevedoring  &  Contracting  Company  of  Vancouver  Walter  R.  Dockrill  holds  a 
prominent  place  in  business  circles  of  the  city  and  his  prestige  has  come  as  a  direct 
result  of  his  business  ability,  his  executive  power  and  the  initiative  spirit  which 
has  guided  and  controlled  all  the  activities  of  his  career.  He  was  born  at  Florence,, 
Ontario,  on  the  3ist  of  May,  1878,  and  is  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Maria  Dockrill,. 


WALTER  R.  DOOKR1LL 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA 


the  former  for  many  years  engaged  in  agricultural  pursuits  but  now  living  retired 
at  Port  Moody,  British  Columbia. 

The  public  schools  of  New  Westminster  afforded  Walter  R.  Dockrill  his  early 
educational  opportunities  and  he  was  afterward  a  student  in  the  high  school  of 
that  city.  After  his  graduation  he  served  an  apprenticeship  in  the  drug  business 
under  D.  S.  Curtis,  of  New  Westminster,  and  upon  obtaining  his  diploma  he 
engaged  in  business  for  himself  at  Atlin  and  afterward  at  Dawson,  Yukon,  rc- 
naining  in  the  north  four  years  and  building  up  a  large  and  profitable  enterprise. 
Eventually,  however,  he  sold  the  drug  stores  and  entered  the  employ  of  the  North- 
western Smelting  &  Refining  Company  at  Crofton,  Vancouver  island,  as  an  expert 
malyst,  doing  efficient  and  capable  work  in  their  interests  for  four  years.  He 
•esigned  in  order  to  again  engage  in  business  for  himself,  recognizing  an  advan- 
ageous  field  of  which  he  was  quick  to  make  practical  and  profitable  use.  He 
engaged  in  stevedoring,  loading  lumber  at  Chemainus,  and  so  rapidly  and  steadily 
•  lid  his  enterprise  expand  that  in  1910  he  incorporated  it  under  the  name  of  the 
Empire  Stevedoring  &  Contracting  Company,  with  offices  in  all  the  principal  ports 
c  if  British  Columbia,  of  which  he  is  president  and  general  manager.  Thus  it  may 
1  -e  seen  that  one  of  the  large  and  important  business  concerns  of  the  city  owes  its 
loundation,  its  development  and  its  continued  progress  to  his  initiative  spirit,  his 
practical  business  judgment,  his  energy  and  enterprise,  for  he  has  given  almost 
ill  of  his  time  and  attention  to  the  business  since  its  organization  and  is  now  in 
tontrol  of  extensive  interests  along  this  line.  He  is  respected  in  business  circles 
c  f  the  city  as  a  man  of  experience,  ability  and  personality — a  man  to  be  reckoned 
vith  in  the  development  of  any  business  transaction  with  which  he  is  connected. 

In  1902,  Mr.  Dockrill  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Mabel  Palmer,  a  daughter 
of  E.  J.  and  Mary  E.  Palmer  of  Chemainus,  British  Columbia,  the  former  vice 
president  and  general  manager  of  the  Victoria  Lumber  &  Manufacturing  Com- 
pany of  that  city,  and  also  a  director  in  the  Canadian  Collieries,  Ltd.,  and  the  Wal- 
ls ce  Fisheries,  Ltd.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dockrill  have  three  children,  Caroline,  Eliza- 
beth and  Francis,  all  of  whom  are  attending  school.  The  family  reside  on  the 
Crescent,  Shaughnessy  Heights.  They  are  members  of  the  Church  of  England 
a-id  politically  Mr.  Dockrill  gives  his  allegiance  to  the  conservative  party.  He  is 
a  charter  member  of  the  Arctic  Brotherhood  and  president  of  the  Marine  Associa- 
tijn  of  British  Columbia.  He  belongs  to  the  Terminal  City  Club  and  the  Van- 
couver Board  of  Trade  and  is  always  ready  to  cooperate  in  any  movement  to  ad- 
vance the  city's  material  prosperity.  Although  he  is  devoted  to  his  business  af- 
fj  irs  and  able  in  their  conduct,  he  nevertheless  is  an  ardent  advocate  of  all  kinds. 
01  outdoor  sports  and  is  an  enthusiastic  fisherman  and  hunter.  He  is  fond  also 
oi  lacrosse  and  motoring  and  spends  a  great  number  of  his  leisure  hours  in  these 
recreations.  Although  still  a  young  man  he  has  already  proven  himself  forceful 
ai  d  powerful  in  the  world  of  business  and  he  possesses  in  his  well  developed! 
faculties  of  mind  a  guarantee  of  continued  progress  and  ultimate  distinction. 


G.  EMERSON  GILLEY. 

The  firm  of  Gilley  Brothers,  dealers  in  building  materials  and  coal,  is  one 
of  the  foremost  of  its  kind  in  New  Westminster,  G.  Emerson  Gilley,  one  of 
thj  partners,  having  been  especially  active  in  promoting  and  expanding  its 
imerest,  thereby  not  only  encompassing  his  own  prosperity  but  becoming  a 
factor  in  the  general  commercial  expansion.  A  native  of  New  Brunswick, 
he  was  born  in  Oak  Bay,  Charlotte  county,  on  October  i,  1873,  and  is  a  son 

i  of  Walter  and  Sarah  (Rogers)  Gilley,  of  whom  extended  mention  is  made  on 

!  amther  page  of  this  work. 

G.  Emerson  Gilley  was  but  twelve  years  of  age  when  he  came  to  New 
Westminster  with  his  father.  In  this  city  he  attended  the  public  schools  and 

!  here  he  reached  manhood,  being  variously  engaged  for  several  years  until  he 


150  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

took  up  boating,  becoming  connected  with  the  river  and  coast  trade.  For 
seven  years  he  was  captain  of  the  tugboat  Flyer  but  in  1908  became  a  mem- 
ber of  the  firm  of  Gilley  Brothers,  which  was  formerly  composed  of  Walter 
R.  and  James  R.  Gilley.  Mr.  Gilley  has  since  been  identified  with  this  con- 
cern, exerting  himself  in  extending  the  trade  interests  of  his  house. 

Jn  1898  G.  Emerson  Gilley  married  Miss  Fannie  B.  Preston,  a  daughter 
of  William  Preston,  a  well  known  retired  lumberman  of  New  Westminster. 
In  their  family  are  three  children,  Frank  H.,  Harold  L.  and  Hazel  L.  Fra- 
ternally Mr.  Gilley  is  a  member  of  Royal  City  Lodge,  No.  3,  I  O.  O.  F.  Mrs. 
Gilley  is  well  known  in  church  work  in  New  Westminster  as  a  member  of 
the  Reformed  Episcopal  church.  Both  he  and  his  wife  are  highly  esteemed 
and  regarded  by  their  many  friends,  being  popular  in  the  younger  social  set. 
A  man  of  strong  character,  he  has  become  recognized  as  a  forceful  element  in 
the  community,  being  a  helpful  and  cooperant  factor  in  the  general  advance- 
ment. 


XARCISSE   I5ELLEAU  GAUYREAU. 

Xarcisse  Belleau  Gauvreau,  born  March  ~,  1855,  'n  tne  parish  of  Isle  Verte, 
county  of  Temiscouata,  province  of  Quebec,  is  the  third  son  of  Louis  Narcisse 
Gauvreau,  seigneur  of  Yilleray,  and  of  his  wife  Gracieuse  (nee)  Gauvreau. 

After  attending  the  parish  school  for  some  years  Mr.  Gauvreau  was  sent  to 
Rimouski  College  where  he  spent  four  years,  following  this  up  with  several  terms 
at  Thorns  School  in  Quebec.  He  was  articled  in  1872  under  Charles  A.  Baillarge, 
city  engineer  of  Quebec,  under  whom  he  served  four  years  as  provincial  land 
surveyor  and  engineer  at  the  same  time  following  a  private  technical  course  at 
Laval  University.  In  1874  he  was  employed  by  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway 
surveying  party  under  the  Dominion  government  on  the  north  shore  of  Lake 
Superior  and  in  1876  he  had  charge  of  part  of  the  surveying  and  construction  of 
the  Quebec,  Montreal  &  Ottawa  Occidental  Railway,  then  being  built  in  Quebec, 
with  which  railway  he  remained  until  1878.  In  1879  Mr.  Gauvreau  joined  the 
Canadian  Pacific  Railway  survey  under  the  Dominion  government  to  explore 
that  part  of  Lake  Superior  north  of  Lake  Nipigon,  and  in  the  spring  of  1880 
he  was  ordered  to  British  Columbia  on  construction  work  from  Yale  to  Savonas 
Ferry.  On  the  completion  of  this  work  in  1885  Mr.  Gauvreau  took  up  his 
residence  in  New  Westminster,  following  his  profession  as  British  Columbia 
land  surveyor  and  engineer  but  the  lure  of  the  wild  lands  has  always  made  a 
strong  appeal  to  him  and  in  1892  he  was  sent  by  the  provincial  government  to 
explore  and  report  on  the  country  between  Quesnel  on  the  Fraser  river  and 
Hazelton  on  the  Skeena  river.  In  his  report  Mr.  Gauvreau  recommended  that 
good  farming  land  was  to  be  found  in  comparatively  large  areas  in  the  Nechaco 
and  Watsonqua  or  Bulkley  valleys.  In  the  following  year  under  orders  from  the 
same  government  he  made  exploration  and  reports  on  the  country,  hitherto 
unreported  or  mapped,  between  Telegraph  creek,  the  Stikine  river  and  the 
northern  boundary  of  the  province.  During  two  years,  following  1894,  Mr. 
Gauvreau  was  employed  by  a  San  Francisco  syndicate  to  explore  and  report  on 
coffee  lands  and  mahogany  forests  in  Mexico  and  central  America.  He,  with 
a  companion,  started  on  mules  from  Oaxaca  city,  eighty  miles  south  of  Mexico 
city  and  traveled  during  about  fifteen  months  through  the  southern  part  of 
Mexico,  Guatamala,  Honduras,  San  Salvador,  Nicaragua,  Costa  Rica  and  Panama, 
returning  to  San  Francisco  in  1896.  On  his  return  to  New  Westminster  in  the 
following  year  he  was  employed  on  the  Crows  Nest  Pass  Railway,  then  under 
construction  by  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  and  on  its  completion,  he  went  to 
Winnipeg,  Manitoba,  joining  the  Canadian  Northern  Railway  engineering  staff 
and  remaining  with  that  company  for  six  years.  In  1906  he  returned  to  settle 
and  follow  his  profession  in  New  Westminster,  entering  the  employ  of  the 
Dominion  government  public  works  as  assistant  district  engineer  in  1908. 


NARCISSE  B.  OAUVREAU 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  153 

Mr.  Gauvreau  had  over  five  hundred  photographic  views  taken  during  his 
1  ravels  and  ranging  all  the  way  from  the  Yukon  to  Panama,  a  quite  invaluable 
lollection,  which  was  unfortunately  destroyed  in  the  New  Westminster  fire  of 
September,  1898. 


CHESTER  BENJAMIN   MACNEILL,   K.   C. 

A  comprehensive  knpwledge  of  underlying  legal  principles,  a  keen  mind,  a 
forceful  personality  and  a  well  controlled  ambition  have  brought  Chester  Ben- 
jamin Macneill  prominence  and  success  at  the  bar  of  British  Columbia,  where 
for  twenty-one  years  he  has  been  in  active  practice.  He  was  born  in  Cavendish, 
Prince  Edward  Island,  February  23,  1861,  and  is  a  son  of  Alexander  AT.  and 
I.ucy  (Woolner)  Macneill,  the  former  a  son  of  William  Macneill,  a  native  of 
!:•  Gotland  and  a  pioneer  of  Prince  Edward  Island.  William  Macneill  rose  to  a 
position  of  prominence  in  public  life  in  that  province  and  acted  as  speaker  of 
t  ic  first  legislature.  His  son,  Alexander  M.  Macneill,  was  born,  reared  and 
elucated  on  the  island  and  there  engaged  in  farming  until  his  death,  which 
o:curred  when  he  was  seventy-six  years  of  age.  His  wife  lived  to  the  age  of 
e  ghty-seven.  She  was  a  representative  of  the  Woolner  family,  members  of 
v  hicli  came  from  the  vicinity  of  London,  England,  to  Prince  Edward  Island. 

Chester  B.  Macneill  acquired  his  early  education  in  the  grammar  schools 
of  Cavendish  and  was  afterward  a  student  at  the  Prince  of  Wales  College  at 
C  harlottetown,  Prince  Edward  Island.  He  was  then  articled  for  the  study  of 
1;  w  to  Sir  Louis  Davis,  who  is  now  a  member  of  the  supreme  court  of  Canada, 
a  id  was  admitted  as  a  solicitor  on  the  gth  of  January,  1883.  On  January  8th, 
o"  the  following  year,  he  was  called  to  the  bar  of  Prince  Edward  Island  and 
b'-gan  practice  at  Charlottetown  in  association  with  Hon.  William  W.  Sullivan, 
now  chief  justice  of  Prince  Edward  Island  and  then  attorney  general.  The 
fi  TII  of  Sullivan  &  Macneill  was  formed  and  had  a  prosperous  existence  until 
i(l;9O,  when  Mr.  Sullivan  was  called  to  the  bench,  after  which  Mr.  Macneill 
pi  acticed  alone  for  some  time.  Eventually,  however,  he  formed  a  partnership 
with  A.  A.  Macdonald  under  the  firm  name  of  Macneill  &  Macdonald.  Their 
afsociation  continued  until  1892,  when  Mr.  Macneill  came  to  Vancouver,  where 
h(  was  admitted  as  a  solicitor  and  called  to  the  bar  of  the  province  on  November 
ii.th  of  that  year.  He  began  practice  in  association  with  Edward  Pease  Davis, 
K  C.,  and  David  Gordon  Marshall,  under  the  firm  name  of  Davis,  Marshall  & 
Macneill,  continuing  thus  until  John  Silas  Wynn  Pugh  was  admitted  to  the 
fiim,  the  name  then  becoming  Davis,  Marshall,  Macneill  &  Pugh.  This  is  one 
of  the  foremost  legal  firms  in  western  Canada  and  it  is  connected  through  a 
la  'ge  and  important  patronage  with  a  great  deal  of  notable  litigation.  Mr. 
Macneill  was  appointed  a  king's  counsel  in  1904.  He  has  been  for  twenty-eight 
yesrs,  seven  on  Prince  Edward  Island  and  twenty-one  in  Vancouver,  solicitor 
for  the  Credit  Foncier  Franco-Canadien,  the  largest  mortgage  loan  company 
in  Canada,  with  main  offices  in  Montreal  and  branches  throughout  the  Dominion, 
and  he  has  other  important  professional  connections  which  indicate  clearly  the 
pLce  in  legal  circles  which  his  ability  has  commanded  for  him. 

On  the  I7th  of  December,  1884,  Mr.  Macneill  was  united  in  marriage  to 
Miss  Hattie  Hayden,  a  daughter  of  Alexander  Hayden,  of  Charlottetown,  Prince 
Edward  Island.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Macneill  have  two  children:  Vivian  H.,  the  wife 
of  James  J.  Hunter,  of  Vancouver;  and  Cyril  A.,  who  is  engaged  in  the  real- 
esiate  business  in  this  city.  The  family  is  well  known  socially  and  Mr.  Macneill 
belongs  to  the  Vancouver  Club  and  the  Royal  Vancouver  Yacht  Club,  having 
been  for  two  years  commodore  of  the  latter  organization.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Union  Club  of  Victoria  and  fraternally  is  connected  with  the  Masons 
an  1  Odd  Fellows,  being  past  master  of  Cascade  Lodge  No.  12,  A.  F.  &  A.  M., 
an  1  past  noble  grand  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows.  His  political 


154  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

allegiance  is  given  to  the  conservative  party  and  his  religious  views  are  those 
held  by  the  Anglican  church.  He  is  one  of  the  foremost  barristers  in  Van- 
couver and  since  entering  upon  professional  life  has  made  continued  and  rapid 
advancement,  enjoying  today  a  degree  of  success  which  has  come  only  in  recog- 
nition of  superior  merit  and  ability. 


TRUMAN  SMITH   BAXTER, 

In  commercial  and  political  circles  of  Vancouver  the  name  of  Truman  Smith 
Baxter  is  well  known.  He  is  now  mayor  of  the  city,  in  which  connection  he  is 
giving  to  Vancouver  a  public-spirited  and  progressive  administration  looking  to 
the  present  welfare  and  future  development  of  the  city.  He  was  born  on  a  farm 
near  Carlingford,  in  Fullerton  township, .  Perth  county,  Ontario,  November  24, 
1867,  a  son  of  Richard  and  Elizabeth  (Smith)  Baxter,  the  former  a  native  of 
Ontario  and  the  latter  of  Cornwall,  England.  The  paternal  grandfather  came 
from  New  York  to  Ontario  at  the  time  of  the  Revolutionary  war,  being  numbered 
among  the  United  Empire  Loyalists,  and  settled  near  Carlingford.  The  son, 
Richard  Baxter,  was  reared  in  Perth  county  and  after  arriving  at  years  of  ma- 
turity took  up  the  occupation  of  farming,  to  which  he  had  been  reared.  He  fol- 
lowed that  pursuit  for  many  years  but  eventually  sold  his  property  near  Carling- 
ford and  removed  to  Alerritton,  Ontario,  settling  near  Niagara,  where  he  carried 
on  general  agricultural  pursuits  until  1907.  In  that  year  he  retired  and  removed 
to  Toronto,  where  he  now  resides.  His  wife  died  when  her  son  Truman  was 
but  fourteen  years  of  age. 

In  the  public  schools  of  his  native  county  Truman  Smith  Baxter  began  his 
education  and  afterward  attended  the  high  school  at  Stratford,  Ontario.  He 
afterward  took  up  the  profession  of  teaching,  which  he  followed  for  three  years 
in  his  native  province,  and  in  the  spring  of  1890  he  came  to  Vancouver,  where 
he  has  since  made  his  home.  His  first  position  in  Vancouver  was  in  the  old 
Leamy  &  Kyle  mill  on  False  creek,  then  often  spoken  of  as  the  Red  Mill.  After 
a  time  he  went  to  the  Royal  City  mill  and  still  later  was  employed  in  the  Heaps 
mill  on  False  creek,  which  was  destroyed  by  fire  soon  afterward.  During  the 
first  year  of  his  residence  here  Mr.  Baxter  was  employed  on  the  grading  of  streets 
and  was  also  a  longshoreman.  He  then  began  studying  for  a  first-class  teachers' 
certificate  in  connection  with  J.  A.  Eraser,  the  present  member  of  parliament 
for  Cariboo.  Upon  obtaining  his  certificate  he  secured  a  school  and  for  seven 
years  was  successfully  engaged  in  teaching  in  the  public  schools  of  Vancouver. 
When  he  retired  from  the  educational  field  he  was  the 'first  assistant  of  the 
Mount  Pleasant  school.  He  next  took  up  the  study  of  law  and  after  five  years 
was  called  to  the  bar.  He  practiced  for  nearly  three  years  in  partnership  with 
L.  B.  McLellan  and  William  Savage.  Turning  his  attention  to  commercial  pur- 
suits he,  in  partnership  with  Peter  Wright,  purchased  the  furniture  store  of  G. 
W.  Hutchins  at  Main  and  Hastings  streets,  whei*  the  business  is  still  conducted 
under  the  name  of  Baxter  &  Wright.  They  carry  one  of  the  finest  and  most 
complete  lines  of  furniture,  carpets,  etc.,  in  the  city,  and  their  trade  is  large  and 
growing.  Their  business  has  ever  been  conducted  upon  the  policy  that  satisfied 
patrons  are  the  best  advertisement,  and  they  have  ever  held  to  high  standards 
in  the  personnel  of  the  house,  in  the  line  of  goods  carried  and  in  the  character 
of  the  service  rendered  to  the  public.  Mr.  Baxter  has  thus  gained  an  enviable 
place  in  business  circles  of  Vancouver  and  has  d'one  not  a  little  to  further  com- 
mercial activity  here. 

In  politics  Mr.  Baxter  has  always  been  a  liberal  and  his  party,  recognizing 
his  capability  and  his  fitness  for  office,  has  called  him  to  several  local  positions. 
In  1900  he  served  in  the  city  council  as  alderman  for  ward  five  and  served  the 
same  ward  again  in  1905,  1906  and  1912.  In  January,  1913,  he  was  elected 
mayor  of  Vancouver  regardless  of  political  .allegiance.  He  holds  to  the  high 


TRUMAN  S.  BAXTER 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  157 

standard  that  in  municipal  offices  politics  should  not  figure,  and  as  long  as  he 
fills  the  position  of  mayor  political  connections  will  have  no  bearing  upon  the 
office  or  the  exercise  of  his  official  prerogatives.  He  seeks  ever  the  public  good 
and  his  methods  are  practical  and  beneficial.  He  works  toward  high  ideals  and 
in  large  measure  has  achieved  the  purposes  for  which  he  strives.  He  worked 
most  untiringly  in  his  efforts  to  carry  the  Canadian  Northern  agreement  re 
False  creek  and  was  successful  in  having  it  indorsed  by  a  very  large  majority  of 
his  fellow  citizens.  -Many  of  his  acts  will  stand  to  his  credit  and  for  the  good  of 
the  city. 

At  Lulu  Island,  in  1893,  ^r-  Baxter  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Sarah 
Whiteside,  a  daughter  of  John  Whiteside  and  a  sister  of  Thomas  Whiteside, 
who  for  two  years  represented  ward  five  in  the  city  council.  They  have  four 
children:  Ernest,  Fred,  Harold  and  Marguerite.  Mr.  Baxter  is  an  enthusiastic 
motorist  and  in  his  car  finds  much  of  his  recreation.  He  belongs  to  the  Loyal 
Orange  lodge  and  to  various  civic  and  social  clubs.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Board  of  Trade  and  is  connected  with  the  Progress,  Terminal  City,  Commercial 
and  Automobile  Clubs,  in  all  of  which  he  is  popular  with  the  membership.  His 
energy  and  his  industry,  his  capability  and  his  public  spirit  have  brought  him 
to  a  prominent  position  in  commercial  and  political  circles,  and  Vancouver  honors 
him  as  one  of  her  representative  men. 


THOMAS  LK  MESSURIER. 

Thomas  Le  Messurier  engaged  in  the  real-estate  business  and  a  large  realty 
owner  in  Vancouver,  was  born  at  Hamilton,  Ontario,  November  23.  1864,  a 
son  of  Daniel  and  Maria  Elizabeth  (Langlois)  Le  Messurier,  the'  former  a 
native  of  Indian  Cove,  Gaspe,  Quebec,  and  the  latter  of  Guernsey,  in  the  Eng- 
lish channel.  They  met  and  were  married  in  Hamilton,  Ontario,  and  cele- 
brated their  golden  wedding  anniversary  in  December.  1911.  In  May  of  1912 
the  wife  passed  away  but  the  husband  now  resides  in  Hamilton,  in  his  eighty- 
first  year.  He  retired  from  business  in  the  spring  of  1912,  at  which  time  he 
was  the  oldest  established  painter  and  paper  hanger  in  Hamilton,  having  been 
in  that  business  there  for  half  a  century. 

Thomas  Le  Messurier  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Hamilton  and 
in  early  life  learned  the  upholsterer's  trade  which  he  followed  in  his  native 
city  for  eighteen  years.  Attracted  by  the  opportunities  of  the  west,  he  arrived 
in  Vancouver  on  the  I5th  of  March,  1900,  and  spent  nearly  five  years  in  the 
employ  of  the  British  Columbia  Permanent  Loan  Company,  most  of  which 
time  was  spent  in  Victoria.  In  1906  he  engaged  in  the  real-estate  business  on 
his  own  account  and  has  since  continued  in  this  field  at  Vancouver.  He  handles 
subdivisions  in  South  Vancouver  and  Point  Grey,  and  also  business  and  resi- 
dential property  and  has  thoroughly  acquainted  himself  with  the  real-estate  mar- 
ket and  has  so  guided  and  directed  his  interests  as  to  win  substantial  suc- 
cess. He  is  also  a  large  holder  of  valuable  property.  His  advancement  is  builded 
upon  his  wide  knowledge  of  real-estate  conditions  and  values  and  his  enter- 
prising, energetic  methods. 

In  connection  with  the  development  of  the  outlying  districts  Mr.  Le  Mes- 
surier was  for  a  time  secretary  of  the  Hastings  Townsite  Property  Owners' 
Association,  engaged  in  the  development  of  Hastings.  The  company  was 
concerned  with  the  problem  of  taxation  without  representation  or  without  city 
improvements  or  facilities.  Because  of  this  lack  of  advantages  under  which 
they  suffered  the  property  owners  combined  to  meet  the  situation  and  bring 
about  better  results.  He  was  also  secretary  of  the  Capilano  Land  Improve- 
ment Association,  now  known  as  the  West  Vancouver  Rate  Payers'  Associa- 
tion, and  he  has  been  both  directly  and  indirectly  connected  with  various  move- 
ments which  have  been  of  substantial  benefit  in  the  improvement  of  different 


158  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

districts.  He  is  a  notary  public  for  the  province  and  is  a  member  of  the  Board 
of  Trade. 

On  the  nth  of  August,  1890,  in  Toronto,  Ontario,  Mr.  Le  Messurier  was 
married  to  Miss  Phoebe  L.  Baker,  of  Bakerspoint,  Oakville,  Ontario.  They 
now  have  five  children,  Grace,  Ernest,  May,  Thomas  and  Clara.  The  mother 
has  for  the  past  twelve  years  been  deeply  interested  in  the  study  of  mental 
science  and  phrenology  and  has  received  diplomas  in  phrenology  from  Dr. 
Alexander,  of  Chicago,  and  Professor  M.  F.  Knox,  of  Seattle,  and  has  devel- 
oped wonderful  electro-magnetic  healing  powers. 

In  politics  Mr.  Le  Messurier  is  independent,  voting  as  his  judgment  dic- 
tates. Fraternally  he  is  connected  \\ith  the  Independent  Order  of  Foresters 
and  from  early  boyhood  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  Royal  Templars  of 
Temperance,  working  untiringly  and  effectively  for  the  cause  of  temperance. 
He  lias  the  record  of  never  having  taken  strong  alcoholic  liquors  in  his  life 
and  his  adherence  to  high  principles  and  moral  standards  has  undoubtedly 
been  one  of  the  factors  in  his  advancement  in  public  regard  and  in  business 
as  well,  lie  has  been  very  successful  in  the  management  of  his  business 
affairs,  his  advancement  being  due  to  his  sound  judgment,  his  keen  sagacity 
and  his  indefatigable  energy.  He  is  a  man  worthy  of  the  highest  regard. 


MICHAEL  B.  WILKINSON. 

Since  pioneer  times  Michael  1!.  Wilkinson  has  been  prominent  and  active 
in  business  circles  of  Vancouver  and  today  as  manager  of  the  Royal  Ice  Com- 
pany, which  he  founded,  he  controls  important  and  profitable  interests,  his  suc- 
cess having  come  as  a  natural  result  of  his  ability  and  industry.  He  was  born 
in  Yorkshire,  England,  in  1864  and  acquired  his  education  in  the  grammar  schools 
of  Manchester,  in  his  native  country.  In  1888  he  came  to  Vancouver  with  his 
uncle,  Samuel  Brighouse,  and  here  he  has  since  remained  a  highly  esteemed  and 
respected  resident.  His  first  year  was  spent  as  a  clerk  in  the  office  of  Rand 
Brothers  and  at  the  end  of  that  period  he  and  another  employe  of  that  concern 
engaged  in  business  for  themselves,  continuing  for  one  year  thereafter.  Mr. 
Wilkinson  then  went  to  Mr.  Brighouse's  farm  on  Lulu  island  and  this  place 
still  continues  to  be  his  home.  Samuel  Brighouse  died  in  England,  July  31,  1913. 
The  years  have  brought  him  prominence  and  a  substantial  fortune,  success  steadily 
attending  his  well  directed  and  unremitting  labors.  In  1895  he  turned  his  atten- 
tion to  the  salmon-canning  business,  opening  in  partnership  with  William  Mc- 
Pherson  the  Dunsmuir  Island  Cannery,  which  they  continued  to  operate  until 
1902,  when  they  disposed  of  their  business  interests  to  the  British  Columbia 
Packers'  Association.  Mr.  Wilkinson  afterwards  became  connected  with  the 
Great  Northern  Cannery  and  he  is  still  interested  in  this  concern,  in  the  progress 
of  which  his  business  enterprise  and  commanding  ability  have  been  helpful  fac- 
tors. In  1905  Mr.  Wilkinson  built  the  plant  of  the  Royal  Ice  Company  in  Van- 
couver and  became  manager  of  the  concern,  a  position  which  he  still  fills.  Being 
a  discriminating,  far-sighted  and  aggressive  business  man  he  has  proven  well 
suited  to  his  difficult  and  responsible  duties  and  has  managed  the  affairs  under 
his  charge  in  a  capable  manner,  making  the  institution  one  of  the  largest  and 
best  of  its  kind  in  the  city  and  province. 

Near  Manchester,  England,  in  1901,  Mr.  Wilkinson  was  united  in  marriage 
to  Miss  Jane  A.  G.  Holt,  of  the  town  of  Rhodes,  and  they  have  two  children, 
John  Holt  and  Jane  Holt.  Mr.  Wilkinson  is  a  member  of  the  Terminal  City 
Club  and  is  a  stanch  conservative  in  his  political  beliefs,  taking  an  active  and 
intelligent  interest  in  anything  that  pertains  to  municipal  growth  and  advance- 
ment. For  two  years  he  represented  the  Richmond  municipality  as  reeve 
and  during  that  time  accomplished  a  great  deal  of  far-sighted  and  constructive 
work,  giving  the  weight  of  his  influence  to  measures  of  reform  and  advancement. 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  159 

A  man  of  sterling  character  and  high  integrity,  he  has  during  the  course  of  his 
twenty-five  years  of  residence  here  influenced  the  direction  of  business  growth 
and  the  character  of  political  development  and  has  gained  for  himself  that  true 
success  which  lies  in  the  esteem,  respect  and  confidence  of  many  friends. 


ERNEST  ALBERT  EARLE. 

Ernest  Albert  Earle,  sole  proprietor  of  the  engineering  business  and  the 
manufacturers'  agency,  conducted  under  the  name  of  E.  A.  Earle  &  Company, 
and  recognized  as  one  of  the  foremost  business  men  of  Vancouver,  was  born 
in  Charlottetown,  Prince  Edward  Island,  January  19,  1870.  He  is  a  son  of 
Samuel  N.  and  Julia  Earle,  the  latter  a  daughter  of  William  Douse,  a  promi- 
nent shipbuilder  and  an  active  politician  on  the  island. 

Ernest  Albert  Earle  acquired  his  education  under  private  tutors  in  his  par- 
ents' home  and  after  laying  aside  his  books  entered  the  Royal  Bank  of  Canada 
with  which  he  was  connected  closely  and  prominently  for  eighteen  years  there- 
after, serving  as  manager  of  the  important  branches  at  Victoria,  British  Colum- 
bia, and  St.  Johns,  Xew  Brunswick,  lie  became  recognized  as  an  authority 
on  finance  and  discharged  his  duties  capably  and  with  discrimination,  winning 
the  trust  and  confidence  of  his  superiors  and  the  esteem  and  good-will  of  his 
associates.  Resigning  from  the  Royal  Bank  of  Canada  in  1906,  he  came  to 
Vancouver  and  here  established  himself  in  business  as  an  engineer  and  manu- 
facturers' agent.  He  founded  the  firm  of  E.  A.  Earle  &  Company,  but  is  the 
sole  proprietor  of  the  concern,  which  under  his  able  management  has  had  a 
gratifyingly  rapid  growth. 

On  the  2ist  of  October,  1904,  in  Vancouver,  Mr.  Earle  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Mary  Ethel  Salsbury,  a  daughter  of  William  Ferriman  Salsbury, 
a  prominent  official  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  and  governor  of  the  Van- 
couver General  Hospital.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Earle  have  three  children,  Ernest 
Salsbury,  Audrey  Marion  and  Lillian  Noel. 

Mr.  Earle  is  a  member  of  the  Anglican  church  and  for  several  years 
belonged  to  the  Royal  Engineers  of  Prince  Edward  Island.  In  addition  to  the 
business  relations  above  enumerated  he  is  also  connected  with  important  inter- 
ests in  the  city  as  a  director  in  several  local  companies  and  his  sound  judg- 
ment and  keen  discrimination  have  been  important  factors  in  directing  their 
policies.  His  affairs  are  all  carefully  and  systematically  managed  and  con- 
ducted along  modern  and  progressive  lines  and  have  brought  him  a  degree  of 
success  which  places  him  in  a  high  position  among  Vancouver's  representative 
business  men. 


HUGH  ARCHIBALD  YOUDALL. 

One  of  Vancouver's  most  able,  energetic  and  progressive  young  professional 
men  and  one  of  her  most  public-spirited  and  active  citizens  is  Hugh  Archi- 
bald Youdall,  British  Columbia  land  surveyor.  This  province  has  been  his 
abode  since  his  childhood,  but  his  birth  occurred  in  Harbor  Grace,  Newfound- 
land, in  1877,  his  parents  being  Hugh  and  Bertha  M.  (Archibald)  Youdall. 
His  father  was  a  native  of  Dumfriesshire,  Scotland,  born  in  1845,  and  in  his 
native,  country  he  spent  the  early  years  of  his  life,  going  to  Newfoundland 
in  1859.  In  Harbor  Grace  he  remained  afterward  for  twenty  years,  acting 
for  eight  years  as  manager  of  the  branch  house  of  John  Munn  &  Company 
and  for  twelve  years  engaging  in  business  fpr  himself  and  becoming  during 
that  time  highly  esteemed  and  respected  as  a  man  of  strict  integrity  and  honor- 
able and  upright  life.  He  came  to  British  Columbia  in  1884  and  entered  the 


160  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

employ  of  the  Dominion  government,  taking  charge  of  the  fishing  expedition 
to  the  west  coast  of  Queen  Charlotte  Island,  to  test  fishing  grounds  for  black  cod. 
He  died  in  Vancouver  in  1911,  having  survived  his  wife  since  1905. 

Hugh  A.  Youdall  was  still  a  child  when  his  parents  moved  to  British  Colum- 
bia, where  he  secured  his  education.  He  is  interested  in  all  kinds  of  land, 
mineral  and  timber  survey  work  and  in  the  planning  of  subdivisions  and  his 
patronage  is  continually  increasing  as  his  knowledge  and  ability  become  more 
widely  known. 

Mr.  Youdall  married,  in  Vancouver,  in  April,  1913,  Miss  Schwengers,  of 
Victoria,  and  both  are  well  known  and  popular  in  social  circles.  Mr.  Youdall 
is  a  devout  member  of  the  Presbyterian  church  and  his  political  allegiance  is 
given  to  the  conservative  party.  Although  he  is  eminently  public-spirited  and 
progressive  in  matters  of  citizenship  and  takes  a  deep  interest  in  the  advance- 
ment of  the  city  in  which  he  has  so  long  resided,  he  is  not  an  active  politician, 
preferring  to  concentrate  his  attention  upon  survey  work,  in  which  he  has  been 
signally  successful,  standing  today  among  the  most  able  representatives  of  his 
profession  in  the  city. 


FREDERICK  JAMES  WILLIAMS. 

A  spirit  of  enterprise,  progress  and  initiative,  guided  always  by  unbounded 
faith  in  the  future  growth  and  greatness  of  New  Westminster,  has  actuated 
Frederick  James  Williams  in  the  important  work  he  has  done  for  the  city  and  in 
all  the  activities  of  his  career  as  a  real-estate  dealer — activities  which  have  re- 
sulted in  placing  him  among  the  most  capable  and  successful  business  men  of 
the  city.  For  the  past  five  years  he  has  been  connected  with  the  real-estate 
department  of  the  Dominion  Trust  Company  and  his  private  land  holdings  are 
likewise  extensive.  He  was  born  in  Grafton,  Carleton  county,  New  Brunswick, 
in  1878,  and  is  a  son  of  Hayden  and  Teresa  (Phillips)  Ham,  both  of  whom 
died  when  their  son  was  still  an  infant.  At  the  age  of  four  he  was  adopted  by 
Lambert  and  Sarah  Williams,  whose  name  he  assumed,  the  former  a  prosperous 
farmer  of  Knoxford,  Carleton  county,  New  Brunswick. 

Frederick  J.  Williams  acquired  the  education  usual  among  farmers'  children, 
attending  the  country  schools  and  at  an  early  age  dividing  his  time  between  his 
books  and  work  upon  his  adopted  father's  farm.  After  reaching  maturity,  how- 
ever, he  felt  the  lure  of  the  west  and  came  to  the  Pacific  coast,  working  as  a 
common  laborer  in  various  parts  of  the  country,  drifting  from  northern  Alaska 
to  British  Columbia  and  eventually  settling  in  New  Westminster,  where  he  took 
up  his  home  shortly  before  the  great  fire  that  wiped  out  a  large  section  of  the 
city.  He  remained  only  a  short  time,  however,  at  this  period,  for  he  was  obliged 
to  return  to  New  Brunswick  on  account  of  the  illness  of  his  adopted  father, 
who  shortly  afterward  passed  away.  Responsibility  for  the  care  and  manage- 
ment of  the  homestead  devolved  upon  Frederick  J.  Williams  who  assumed  it 
manfully,  developing  the  farm  along  modern  and  progressive  lines.  By  the 
exercise  of  economy  and  industry  he  was  able  to  add  to  his  holdings  from  time 
to  time  until  he  finally  became  the  largest  landowner  in  the  neighborhood  and 
was  the  proprietor  of  the  best  equipped  and  most  highly  improved  farm  in  the 
locality.  He  continued  to  make  his  home  in  Carleton  county  for  eight  years 
but  at  the  end  of  that  time  sold  his  holdings  and  with  the  proceeds  as  a  starting 
capital  returned  to  New  Westminster,  where  he  had  in  the  short  period  of  his 
former  residence  recognized  unusual  business  opportunities.  He  invested  his 
money  in  prairie  lands  and  in  this  way  has  become  identified  with  the  real-estate 
business,  in  which  he  has  since  continued.  He  is  at  present  engaged  in  the 
real-estate  department  of  the  Dominion  Trust  Company  and  as  a  private  dealer 
has  engaged  extensively  in  buying  property  upon  which  he  builds  improvements, 


FREDERICK  J.  WILLIAMS 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  163 

later  selling  at  a  substantial  profit.  At  present  he  is  interested  with  others 
in  the  development  of  a  tract  of  land  within  the  city  limits  upon  which  a  great 
number  of  modern  bungalows  have  been  erected  and  other  improvements  made, 
the  addition  promising  to  be  one  of  the  most  attractive  in  the  Royal  city.  Mr. 
Williams  has  in  addition  a  half  interest  in  a  one  thousand  acre  ranch  in  the 
northern  part  of  the  province,  owns  one  thousand  acres  of  prairie  lands  and  has 
other  extensive  holdings  in  all  portions  of  British  Columbia.  He  is  a  stock- 
holder in  the  Bank  of  Vancouver.  In  New  Westminster  he  is  known  as  a  careful, 
able  and  far-sighted  business  man  whose  interests  are  always  capably  conducted, 
whose  sagacity  is  far-reaching  and  whose  activities  are  ever  directed  first  for  the 
benefit  of  the  community  in  which  he  resides  and  afterward  for  the  advance- 
ment of  his  individual  prosperity. 

Mr.  Williams  married  Miss  Laura  Margison,  a  daughter  of  Charles  T.  and 
Elizabeth  Margison,  the  former  a  wealthy  farmer  of  Knoxford,  Carleton  county, 
Ontario.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Williams  have  one  daughter,  Gladys  Winifred,  aged 
three  years.  The  family  residence  is  at  Xo.  533  Ash  street.  Mr.  Williams 
is  a  director  in  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association  and  takes  great  delight 
in  the  facilities  which  the  organization  offers  for  athletics  and  other  indoor 
and  outdoor  sports.  He  is  president  of  the  Hockey  Club  of  the  Young  Men's 
Christian  Association  and  is  an  enthusiastic  hunter  and  motorist,  spending  a  great 
many  of  his  leisure  hours  in  these  recreations.  He  gives  his  political  allegiance 
to  the  liberal  party,  and  fraternally  is  connected  with  the  Masonic  order,  the 
Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  A  man  of 
brains,  personality  and  ambition,  he  has  steadily  directed  his  talents  into  channels 
of  general  advancement  and  his  expanding  powers  have  for  many  years  past 
proven  elements  in  growth.  No  project  for  the  betterment  of  New  Westminster 
lacks  his  hearty  cooperation  and  intelligent  support  and  his  faith  in  the  city, 
in  its  present  opportunities  and  its  future  progress  is  one  of  its  valuable  munici- 
oal  assets. 


HUME  BLAKE  ROBINSON. 

Hume  Blake  Robinson  is  a  successful  barrister  in  Vancouver  with  a  large 
:lientage,  and  in  a  profession  where  success  depends  entirely  upon  individual 
merit  and  ability  has  made  continued  and  rapid  advancement,  standing  today 
among  the  able  and  prominent  representatives  of  the  British  Columbia  bar. 
He  is  still  a  young  man  but  has  already  left  the  impress  of  his  ability  and  per- 
sonality upon  the  legal  history  of  the  city,  and  his  many  friends  do  not  hesi- 
tate to  predict  for  him  continued  progress  in  his  chosen  field.  He  was  born 
in  Orillia,  Ontario,  December  27,  1874,  and  is  a  son  of  Samuel  S.  Robinson, 
i  barrister  in  that  city.  The  family  is  of  Irish  origin,  Mr.  Robinson's  great- 
grandfather, Dr.  Samuel  Robinson,  having  left  Dublin  about  the  year  1839 
ind  emigrated  to  Canada,  founding  the  family  in  the  Dominion.  In  order  to 
nake  the  journey  they  chartered  the  vessel  Ann  of  Halifax,  and  the  experi- 
ences which  he  encountered  crossing  the  Atlantic  and  the  details  of  his  subse- 
juent  career  are  fully  described  in  Irishmen  of  Canada. 

After  acquiring  a  preliminary  education,  Hume  Blake  Robinson  entered 
Toronto  University  and  from  that  institution  was  graduated  B.  A.,  in  1895, 
and  LL.  B.,  in  the  following  year.  He  then  attended  Osgoode  Hall,  from  which 
le  was  graduated  in  1898,  beginning  almost  immediately  afterward  the  gen- 
eral practice  of  law  in  Minnedosa,  Manitoba.  He  remained  in  that  city  for  ten 
years,  three  of  which  were  spent  as  a  partner  of  the  present  Judge  Meyers, 
of  Winnipeg.  During  that  time  Mr.  Robinson  became  recognized  as  a  strong 
and  able  practitioner,  well  versed  in  underlying  legal  principles  and  possessed 
of  the  incisive  and  discriminating  qualities  of  mind  necessary  for  success  in 
aw.  He  left  Manitoba  in  1909  and  came  to  Vancouver,  British  Columbia, 


164  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

where  he  engaged  in  practice  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Russell,  Russell  & 
Hannington.  This  association  continued  until  1911,  since  which  time  Mr. 
Robinson  has  practiced  alone. 

Mr.  Robinson  is  a  member  of  the  Church  of  England  and  is  connected 
fraternally  with  the  Masonic  lodge.  For  three  years  he  served  in  Company  K, 
Queen's  Own  Rifles,  in  Toronto,  and  has  always  been  recognized  as  a  public- 
spirited  citizen.  He  holds  membership  in  the  Western  Club,  the  Shaughnessy 
Heights  Golf  Club  and  the  Vancouver  Tennis  Club,  and  his  political  allegiance 
is  given  to  the  liberal  party,  of  which  he  has  been  a  life-long  supporter. 


SAMUEL  ACHURCH. 

Samuel  Achurch,  now  living  retired,  his  well  placed  investments  having 
brought  him  to  a  most  gratifying  financial  position,  was  born  at  Dry  Drayton, 
Cambridgeshire,  England,  on  the  3Oth  of  October,  1861,  a  son  of  Samuel  and 
Emma  Elizabeth  Achurch,  farming  people  of  England  but  both  now  deceased. 
The  son  was  educated  at  Lloyd's  Cambridge  Academy  and  after  leaving  that 
institution  assisted  his  father  on  the  farm.  The  family  removed  to  Essex  and 
in  his  twenty-fourth  year  the  subject  of  this  review  left  home  in  order  to  make 
his  own  way  in  tin-  world  in  the  virgin  country  of  Canada.  After  crossing  the 
Atlantic  he  ventured  into  the  interior  as  far  as  Winnipeg  and  there  obtained 
work  for  two  years  in  connection  with  the  construction  of  the  Canadian  Pacific 
Railway.  After  being  employed  in  various  places  for  the  company  he  returned 
to  Winnipeg  in  the  fall,  remaining  there  through  the  winter.  He  led  the  life 
of  the  typical  pioneer,  roughing  it  as  was  the  custom,  or  at  least  the  necessity, 
often  being  obliged  to  go  to  bed  in  wet  clothing  and  enduring  other  hardships 
incident  to  life  on  the  frontier.  In  1887  he  arrived  in  Vancouver,  reaching  this 
city  before  the  completion  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  so  that  he  saw  the 
first  passenger  train  pull  into  Vancouver.  He  also  saw  the  first  tea  boat  arrive, 
the  vessel  being  the  Abyssinia.  A  great  crowd — taking  in  consideration  the  then 
young  city — preceded  him  to  the  wharf  and  there  was  the  city  band  to  meet  the 
incoming  ship  which  should  have  arrived  in  the  evening  but  it  was  delayed  and 
docked  early  the  following  morning,  the  crowd  being  greatly  disappointed  thereby. 
During  all  the  period  of  his  early  residence  here  Mr.  Achurch  was  in  the  employ 
of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Company.  After  a  time  he  purchased  a  shack 
for  ten  dollars  which  was  located  near  False  creek,  the  present  location  of  the 
Canadian  Pacific  yards,  but  what  was  his  surprise  on  returning  home  one  day  to 
find  that  his  shack  and  nearly  all  his  worldly  possessions  had  been  destroyed  by 
fire,  a  spark  from  some  clearing  near  by  having  started  the  blaze.  He  spent  seven 
years  in  Vancouver  and  then  made  his  first  trip  back  to  England.  When  he 
returned  he  worked  for  a  short  time  on  a  milk  ranch,  milking  with  the  help  of 
one  other  man  about  thirty  cows  night  and  morning.  His  employer  becoming 
bankrupt,  Mr.  Achurch  had  to  sue  for  his  wages,  and  when  the  case  was  finally 
settled,  the  lawyer  had  taken  half  the  amount  for  fees.  In  1895  Mr.  Achurch 
was  again  connected  with  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  as  book  agent,  continuing 
with  the  company  for  fifteen  years,  during  which  period  he  traveled  between 
Vancouver  and  Winnipeg  for  ten  years  and  the  remainder  between  Vancouver 
and  Calgary.  In  the  meantime  he  had  made  judicious  investment  in  property 
which  rose  rapidly  in  value  until  the  income  secured  therefrom  made  possible 
his  retirement.  He  purchased  property  where  his  present  beautiful  home  now 
stands,  the  dwelling  having  been  erected  in  1910.  His  hopes  for  future  rise  in 
the  value  of  his  land  were  realized  as  the  city  grew  in  the  direction  of  his  property, 
making  all  realty  in  that  district  more  valuable.  When  the  tract  came  into  his 
possession  it  was  part  of  a  vast  forest  area,  covered  with  the  native  growth  of 
tree's,  and  many  would  not  have  believed  that  Vancouver,  for  a  long  time  to 
come,  would  take  in  the  district  as  a  part  of  its  residential  section.  Mr.  Achurch, 


SAMUEL  ACHURCH 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  167 

however,  had  firm  faith  in  the  future  and  he  is  a  most  enthusiastic  supporter  of 
Vancouver,  proud  of  what  the  city  has  accomplished  since  he  came  here  as  a 
pioneer  in  1887,  and  after  all  his  travels  Vancover  still  has  chief  attractions  for 
him. 

In  1906  Mr.  Achurch  married  Miss  Harriett  Susanna  Cock,  eldest  daughter  of 
William  Fuller  and  Harriett  Cock,  of  Essex,  England,  the  former  having  been 
one  of  the  most  highly  respected  and  esteemed  farmers  in  his  neighborhood.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Achurch  reside  at  No.  2276  Eighth  avenue,  West.  In  politics  he  is  a 
conservative  and  his  membership  relations  are  with  the  Church  of  England  and 
with  the  Ancient  Order  of  Foresters.  In  his  life  he  has  encountered  trials  and 
hardships  and  has  met  difficulties  but  these  he  has  overcome  as  the  years  have 
gone  by  and  through  his  earnest  efforts  and  wise  investments  is  today  ranked 
among  the  substantial  citizens  of  Vancouver. 


JOHN    COUGHLAX. 

Among  the  commercial  forces  of  British  Columbia,  ]ohn  Coughlan.  founder 
of  the  firm  of  J.  Coughlan  &  Sons,  stands  in  a  class  by  himself,  for  it  was  lie 
who  founded  in  British  Columbia  the  structural  steel  industry,  retaining  thereby 
for  this  province  vast  sums  of  money  which  otherwise  would  have  had  to  be 
expended  in  the  east.  Since  1907  his  firm  has  erected  practically  all  the  steel 
frames  for  the  large  buildings  erected  in  Vancouver,  Xe\v  Westminster  and 
Victoria.  Great  credit  is  due  to  Air.  Coughlan  also  for  the  valuable  work  which 
he  did  in  rebuilding  New  Westminster  after  the  memorable  fire.  His  firm 
now  operates  two  plants  and  their  contracts  are  increasing  so  fast  that  a  con- 
tinued growth  of  the  business  may  be  predicted. 

John  Coughlan  was  born  in  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1854,  and  was  edu- 
cated in  one  of  the  leading  colleges  of  that  city,  where  he  subsequently  engaged 
in  the  contracting  business  from  the  time  he  was  a  very  young  man  until  1878, 
when  he  made  removal  to  Victoria.  There  he  was  closely  identified  with  the 
growth  of  the  city  and  for  many 'years  served  as  a  member  of  the  city  council, 
doing  eminent  work  in  promoting  valuable  measures  that  have  proven  of  lasting 
benefit.  At  Victoria  he  erected  the  first  steam  operated  brick  manufacturing 
plant  in  the  province  and  continued  in  the  contracting  and  brick  making  busi- 
ness until  1898,  when  the  city  of  New  Westminster  was  destroyed  by  fire.  He 
removed  to  that  city  from  Victoria,  and  there  is  perhaps  no  man  who  took  a 
more  active  part  in  the  actual  rebuilding  of  that  city  than  Mr.  Coughlan.  His 
brick  plant  was  the  first  the  town  ever  had  and  is  still  in  operation,  over  one 
hundred  men  being  employed  in  the  manufacture  of  the  product.  In  1907 
the  newly  organized  firm  of  J.  Coughlan  &  Sons  or,  as  it  was  previously  known, 
Coughlan  &  Company,  opened  a  new  industry  in  the  province  of  British  Colum- 
bia— that  of  structural  steel  manufacture.  They  were  the  first  to  attempt  the 
making  of  structural  steel  in  British  Columbia  or,  more  correctly,  west  of 
Winnipeg.  Their  No.  I  plant,  the  first  to  be  operated  here,  is  located  at  the 
south  end  of  Cambie  Street  bridge;  but  in  1913  their  business  had  progressed 
so  favorably  that  it  was  necessary  to  erect  a  second  plant,  which  is  located  at 
the  foot  of  Columbia  avenue,  on  False  creek.  In  the  two  plants  approximately 
two  hundred  men  find  employment,  and  this  fact  alone  indicates  the  importance 
of  the  industry  to  the  province  and  city,  apart  from  the  fact  that  much  money 
would  have  gone  to  the  east  which  is  now  retained  and  spent  in  this  province. 

Since  entering  this  field  in  1907,  J.  Coughlan  &  Sons  have  erected  prac- 
tically all  of  the  new  steel  frame  buildings  in  Vancouver,  Victoria  and  New 
Westminster.  Had  it  not  been  for  the  enterprise  shown  by  J.  Coughlan  & 
Sons  in  the  opening  of  this  great  industry,  the  money  for  many  large  contracts 
would  have  been  lost  to  the  west.  In  the  course  of  their  work  they  have  erected 
the  frames  for  the  Metropolitan  building,  the  Exchange  building,  the  Provincial 


168  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Parliament  building  at  Victoria,  the  Provincial  courthouse  in  Vancouver,  the 
World  building,  the  Leigh-Spencer  building,  the  Carter-Cotton  building,  the 
Holden  building,  the  new  Canadian  Pacific  passenger  station,  the  new  addi- 
tions to  the  Vancouver  Hotel,  the  prison  farm  buildings  at  Burnaby,  and  many 
others  of  importance.  This  list,  more  emphatically  than  words,  signifies  the 
importance  of  their  work  and  its  benefit  upon  the  general  growth  of  the  province. 

At  Halifax  Mr.  Coughlan  was  married  October  25,  1875,  to  Miss  Margaret 
Colbert,  of  that  city.  She  passed  away  in  Victoria  on  March  18,  1892.  Of 
this  marriage  were  born  nine  children,  of  whom  eight  are  living.  The  sons 
are  Thomas  J.,  John  J.,  Stanley  H.,  George  E.,  and  Charles  E.,  all  associated 
and  taking  an  active  part  in  the  conduct  of  the  business  of  J.  Coughlan  &  Sons, 
John  J.  Coughlan  being  the  active  manager  of  the  firm.  The  daughters  are: 
Mrs.  J.  S.  Smith  and  Mrs.  F.  R.  Humber,  both  of  Vancouver;  and  Grace 
Coughlan,  at  home. 

Mr.  Coughlan  gives  his  adherence  to  the  conservative  party  but  since  leav- 
ing Victoria  has  not  been  active  in  politics,  his  vast  business  enterprise  demand- 
ing most  of  his  time.  He  was  a  charter  member  of  the  first  Knights  of  Pythias 
lodge  in  British  Columbia,  which  was  established  in  Victoria  in  1883.  A  man 
of  force  and  character,  he  occupies  a  unique  position  in  the  commercial  life 
of  Vancouver  and  is  readily  conceded  to  be  one  of  the  most  important  factors 
in  its  progress  and  growth.  He  has  succeeded  by  the  most  straightforward 
methods  only,  and  is  admired  as  much  for  the  qualities  that  have  made  possible 
his  success  as  for  his  actual  achievements  along  material  lines. 


COLONEL  ARTHUR  WILLIAM  CURRIE. 

The  west  is  essentially  the  land  of  big  things.  It  is  great  in  area,  in  projects 
for  development,  in  opportunities  for  achievement — and  it  produces  big  men 
out  of  the  crucible  of  endeavor.  But  with  all  its  natural  advantages  tending 
to  make  easy  of  accomplishment  that  measure  of  material  success  which  is 
the  aim  of  every  ambitious  man,  it  is  not  a  land  where  the  drone  will  thrive 
No,  while  there  is  opportunity  in  abundance,  effort,  courage  and  stamina  are 
essentials  if  anything  worth  while  is  to  be  achieved. 

The  career  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch — Lieutenant-Colonel  Arthur  William 
Currie — is  a  striking  illustration  of  the  truth  of  the  foregoing.  His  life  and 
achievements  in  this  golden  land  of  promise  contain  a  lesson  for  the  thousands  of 
young  men  who  have  come — and  are  yet  to  come  from  the  four  corners  of  the 
earth--a  lesson  of  what  pluck  and  industry  may  accomplish  if  backed  by  an 
imperishable  faith  in  the  future  greatness  of  their  adopted  country. 

It  was  in  1894 — that  period  of  almost  world-wide  depression — that  young 
Currie,  then  only  eighteen  years  of  age,  a  mere  stripling,  came  to  British  Colum- 
bia, fresh  from  the  refining  influences  which  surrounded  him  in  his  simple 
home  life  on  an  Ontario  farm  and  unskilled  in  the  ways  of  the  westerner.  But 
while  thus  unsophisticated,  and  to  that  extent  handicapped,  he  possessed  a  rich 
asset,  a  disposition  to  cheerfulness,  due  to  his  Irish  ancestry  and  unbounded  faith 
and  hope  in  the  future. 

It  was  not  surprising,  therefore,  that  after  a  period  of  "hard  grind,"  in 
teaching  the  young  idea  at  public  schools — first  at  Sidney  .and  later  at  Victoria 
—the  young  Ontarian,  even  then  a  stanch  British  Columbian,  should  cast  off 
the  shackles  which  kept  him  "cribbed,  cabined  and  confined"  in  a  narrow  en- 
vironment, and  embark  in  business.  This  he  did  in  the  year  1900,  when  he 
associated  himself  with  J.  S.  H.  Matson,  of  the  Colonist,  now  one  of  the  fore- 
most men  in  British  Columbia  in  commercial  enterprises.  They  engaged  in  the 
life  insurance  business.  This  partnership  continued  until  1906,  and  so  rapid 
was  his  success  in  that  particular  field  of  endeavor  that  Mr.  Currie  was  made 
provincial  manager  of  the  National  Life  Assurance  Company.  This  important 


COLONEL   ARTHUR  W.   CURRIE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  171 

)ost  he  held  for  two  years  with  every  credit  to  himself  and  profit  and  advantage 
o  the  company,  but  rinding  his  range  of  opportunity  too  narrow  for  his  am- 
)ition,  he  then  joined  R.  A.  Power  and  formed  the  partnership  which  continues 

0  this   day— Currie   &   Power,   with   commodious   office   premises   on    Douglas 
street,  dealing  in  all  branches  of  the  insurance  business  besides  having  a  very 
arge  connection   in   their   real   estate   department — handling   almost   exclusively 
nside  and  residential  property. 

During  this  period  of  change  and  expansion  Colonel  Currie  has  of  course 
seen  Victoria  grow  out  of  the  swaddling  clothes  of  a  mere  village  and  don 
'he  more  ambitious  and  better-fitting  garments  of  one  of  the  great  commercial 
liorts  of  the  north  Pacific,  and  it  was  but  natural  that  in  the  interim  the  subject 
<>f  this  sketch  should  have  himself  reaped  some  of  the  reward  which  properly 
belongs  to  those  who  are  so  fortunate  as  "to  be  in  on  the  ground  floor."  Hap- 
pily this  has  proved  the  case  and  Colonel  Currie  possesses  much  property  in 
Victoria  and  surrounding  districts. 

But  Colonel  Currie's  career,  aside  from  success  in  business,  has  one  other 
phase  which  should  serve  as  a  light  and  example  to  the  youth  of  this  country. 
"his  is  a  sane  Imperialism  which  early  led  him  to  take  up  military  training  for 
ihe  defense  of  flag  and  empire  should  the  occasion  ever  demand.  Joining  the 
Fifth  Regiment,  Canadian  Garrison  Artillery,  as  a  gunner,  in  1897,  he  displayed 
juch  proficiency  and  aptitude  for  the  pursuit  of  military  tactics  that  his  pro- 
notion  was  rapid.  He  received  his  commission  as  lieutenant  in  1900,  and  was 
then  advanced  successively  to  captain,  major  and  lieutenant-colonel — this  latter 

1  ost,  which  he  now  holds,  having  been  assumed  in   1909.     Colonel  Currie  has 
always  taken  the  keenest  interest  in  military  affairs  and  to  no  small  degree  he 
1  as  stimulated  a  similar  interest  not  only  among  his  associates  in  the  various 
corps  with  which  he  has  been  identified,  but  among  the  youth  of  the  city.  During 
1  is  command  of  the  regiment  it  has  been  first  in  general  proficiency  for  three 
years.     He  is  now  one  of  the  vice  presidents  of  the  Canadian  Artillery  Associa- 
t  on.     He  has  always  taken  the  liveliest  interest  in  rifle  shooting,  and  since  1906 
las  been  president   of  the   B.   C.   Rifle  Association.     He   is  a   member  of   the 
cDimcil  of  the  Dominion  Rifle  Association. 

In  politics  Colonel  Currie  is  a  liberal.  He  was  formerly  president  of  the 
Young  Liberal  Club  and  is  at  present  a  member  of  the  executive  of  the  Liberal 
Association.  He  is  a  fluent  speaker. 

In  1901  Colonel  Currie  married  Miss  Lucy  Chaworth  Musters,  a  native 
of  Comox,  Vancouver  island,  of  English  parentage;  and  the  union  has  been 
blessed  with  two  children,  Marjorie  and  Garner. 

'Colonel  Currie  is  a  member  of  the  Pacific  Club  and  an  adherent  of  the 
( hurch  of  England.  He  is  a  prominent  member  of  Vancouver  and  Quadra 
I  odge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  is  past  district  deputy  grand  master. 

If  one  were  writing  a  mere  "Who's  Who  in  Western  Canada"  it  would  be 
sufficient  to  say  that  the  subject  of  this  sketch  was  born  in  Napperton,  Ontario, 
in  1875,  son  of  William  Garner  Currie,  a  native  of  Ontario  and  of  Irish- 
Scotch  parentage,  his  grandfather  having  come  from  Ireland  and  settled  in 
the  eastern  province  in  1830.  His  father  was  a  successful  and  prosperous 
farmer  and  held  numerous  public  offices  prior  to  his  death  in  1891.  His 
n  other  was  Jane  Patterson,  a  native  of  Ontario,  of  Scotch  parentage  and 
siill  living  at  the  old  home.  The  Colonel  was  reared  on  the  farm  and  edu- 
cated in  the  common  schools  and  at  Strathroy  Collegiate  Instutute.  Later 
h  •  matriculated  in  Toronto  University  but  attended  school  only  a  compara- 
tively short  time.  At  an  early  age  the  lure  of  the  west  proved  too  much 
and  he  answered  the  call,  to  what  purpose  has  been  set  out  as  above. 

Personally  Colonel  Currie  is  a  fine  type  of  the  stalwart  young  Canadian. 
Sanding  over  six  feet  in  height,  of  commanding  presence,  with  clear  steel- 


172  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

blue  eyes  and  fresh  complexion,  he  is  a  fine  specimen  of  clean,  western 
manhood — and  those  who  know  him  best  feel  that  his  best  days  are  yet  ahead 
of  him  and  that  British  Columbia  will  hear  more  of  Colonel  Arthur  William 
Currie. 


JOSEPH  FRANCIS  WATSON. 

Joseph  Francis  Watson,  one  of  the  most  promising  young  architects  of  New 
Westminster,  was  born  in  Haltwhistle,  England,  June  17,  1885,  and  is  a  son 
of  John  and  Ann  Watson.  The  father  was  a  prominent  building  contractor 
in  Northumberland  and  built  all  the  additions  to  Blenkinsopp  Hall  and  the 
historic  Blenkinsopp  castle,  home  of  the  first  Lord  Byron,  and  the  modern 
buildings  on  the  Blenkinsopp  estate  in  that  part  of  England. 

Joseph  Francis  Watson  acquired  his  early  education  in  the  grade  schools 
of  Middlesborough  and  afterward  attended  Rutherford  College  in  Newcastle, 
from  which  he  was  graduated,  i  le  received  from  the  board  of  education  of  South 
Kensington,  England,  first  honors  in  sculpture  and  modeling.  Having  deter- 
mined to  make  architecture  his  life  work,  he  took  up  the  study  of  this  profes- 
sion under  his  brother  and  was  for  three  years  with  the  East  Riding  educational 
authority  in  England.  He  remained  in  his  native  country  until  1910,  when  he 
came  to  Canada,  settling  immediately  in  British  Columbia,  where  he  entered 
the  office  of  C.  II.  Clow,  architect  of  New  Westminster.  He  is  now  in  busi- 
ness for  himself  in  the  New  Westminster  Trust  Company's  building  and  has 
already  met  with  a  gratifying  degree  of  success,  his  detailed  knowledge  of  his 
profession  and  his  ability  in  it  having  secured  for  him  a  large  and  representa- 
tive clientage. 

-Mr.  Watson  married,  March  14,  1910,  Miss  Annie  Lynam,  a  daughter  of 
T.  and  S.  A.  Lynam,  of  Yorkshire,  England.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Watson  have  two 
children,  Nancy  and  Joseph  Francis.  Mr.  Watson  is  connected  with  the  Inde- 
pendent Order  of  ( )dd  Fellows  and  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  is  well  known 
in  fraternal  circles.  He  is  still  a  young  man  but  he  has  already  made  an  envi- 
able place  for  himself  in  business  and  professional  circles  of  the  city  and  has 
the  opportunity  before  him  for  still  further  advancement — an  opportunity  of 
which  he  is  certain  to  make  excellent  and  profitable  use. 


ALEXANDER  DA  VIE. 

The  title  of  self-made  man  can  justly  be  given  Alexander  Davie,  as  his  entire 
capital  when  he  arrived  in  Ladner  about  nineteen  years  ago  amounted  to  less 
than  twenty  dollars,  and  today  he  is  the  owner  of  four  hundred  and  sixty  acres 
of  farming  land  in  addition  to  some  property  in  Vancouver,  all  won  through  his 
individual  efforts.  He  was  born  in  Durham  county,  Ontario,  on  the  I2th  of  Sep- 
tember, 1868,  and  is  a  son  of  Thomas  G.  and  Mary  (Stalker)  Davie.  The 
mother  is  deceased  and  the  father  is  living  in  Alberta. 

Until  he  had  attained  the  age  of  sixteen  years  the  energies  of  Alexander  Davie 
were  largely  devoted  to  the  acquirement  of  an  education,  for  which  purpose  he 
attended  the  public  schools  of  his  native  county.  Subsequently  he  turned  his 
attention  to  agricultural  pursuits,  assisting  his  father  with  the  operation  of  the 
home  farm  until  1894.  In  the  latter  year  he  left  the  parental  roof  and  came  to 
British  Columbia  to  pursue  his  career,  his  destination  being  Ladner.  Upon  his 
arrival  here  he  had  less  than  twenty  dollars,  but  it  sufficed  his  needs  as  he  im- 
mediately found  work  with  one  of  the  farmers  in  this  vicinity.  He  engaged  as 
a  farm  hand  for  two  years  receiving  for  his  services  from  twenty  to  twenty- 
five  dollars  per  month.  As  he  was  thrifty  and  temperate  in  his  habits  he  man- 


ALEXANDER  DA  VIE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  175 

iged  to  save  the  greater  portion  of  each  month's  wages,  and  gradually  accumu- 
ated  sufficient  capital  to  enable  him  to  begin  farming  for  himself  as  a  renter. 
\bout  1896,  he  leased  the  Skinner  farm,  which  he  operated  for  practically  fifteen 
'ears,  meeting  with  a  good  measure  of  success.    In  1902,  he  also  bought  two  hun- 
Ired  and  sixty  acres  of  land,  which  he  cultivated  in  connection  with  what  he 
vas  renting,  and  in   1910  he  further  increased  his  holdings  by  purchasing  the 
"arm  where  he  now  lives.     He  subsequently  removed  to  this  place,  which  is  well 
mproved  and  comprises  a  hundred  and  twenty  acres  of  fertile  land.     As  his  cir- 
cumstances have  permitted  Mr.  Davie  has  continued  to  increase  his  acreage  until 
'ie  now  holds  the  title  to  three  hundred  and  eighty  acres  in  Ladner,  eighty  acres 
•  m  Lulu  island  and  some  property  in  Vancouver.     His  fields  are  largely  devoted 
•o  diversified  farming  but  in  connection  with  this  he  engages  in  raising  thor- 
oughbred stock.     For  many  years  he  made  a  specialty  of  Clyde  and  shire  horses, 
iolstein  cattle  and  Oxford-Down  sheep,  his  efforts  in  this  direction  meeting  with 
lucrative  returns.     He  is  a  man  of  well  organized  ideas  and  systematic  methods, 
.•:nd  anything  he  undertakes  is  pursued   with  the  persistence  and   indefatigable 
<:nergy  which  invariably  bring  success. 

The  ^ist  of  December,   1903,  was  the  wedding  day  of  Mr.  Davie  and  Miss 
vlargaret    Paterson,   of   Kincardine,  Ontario,   and   to  them  have  been  born  two 
;ons,  Murray  Alexander  and  Kenneth  Paterson. 

Fraternally  Mr.  Davie  is  a  Master  .Mason,  and  also  belongs  to  the  Independent 
Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  in  which  he  has  held  the  office  of  treasurer  for  twelve 
;-ears,  and  to  the  Foresters.  He  takes  an  active  interest  in  local  affairs,  par- 
licularly  those  of  a  political  nature,  and  for  ten  years  was  a  member  of  the 
Delta  municipal  council,  executing  his  duties  in  this  connection  in  a  capable 
manner,  as  is  attested  by  the  length  of  his  incumbency.  High  qualities  of  citi- 
;enship  have  characterized  Mr.  Davie  ever  since  he  located  here,  and  his  inllu- 
<nce  is  ever  exerted  in  favor  of  every  movement  which  will  tend  to  forward  the 
Development  of  the  community,  or  advance  the  welfare  of  its  citizens. 


WILLIAM  ROBERT  MARRIOTT. 

Since  the  fall  of  1906  William  Robert  Marriott  has  figured  in  connection 
with  the  real-estate,  financial  brokerage  and  investment  business,  and  his  under- 
standing of  land  values  and  the  condition  of  the  stock  market  well  qualifies 
1  im  to  successfully  accomplish  what  he  undertakes  along  these  lines.  He  is  a 
i  ative  of  Birmingham,  England,  born  August  16,  1880,  and  is  a  son  of  Thomas 
i  nd  Caroline  (Key)  Marriott.  The  father,  a  representative  of  an  old  Xorthamp- 
tonshire  family,  spent  the  last  years  of  his  life  in  Birmingham,  where 
lie  passed  away  in  1900.  William  R.  Marriott  was  a  pupil  in  the  public  schools 

<  f  his  native  city,  but  was  yet  comparatively  young  when  he  started  out  in  the 
1  usiness  world  on  his  own  account,  being  apprenticed  to  a  draper.     When  his 
term  of  indenture  was  completed  he  was  employed  in  that  line  of  business  at 
Birmingham  until  the  spring  of   1901,  when,  attracted  by  the  opportunities  of 
the  new  world,  he  crossed  the  Atlantic,  making  his  way  to  Canada.     He  settled 
irst  in  Saskatchewan  and  engaged  in  farming  near  Qu'Appelle  until  the  follow- 
ing fall,  when  he  went  to  Winnipeg,  where  he  was  employed  by  a  wholesale  dry- 
|:oods  firm  for  a  year.    He  next  went  to  Prince  Albert  and  Saskatoon,  Saskatche- 
wan, making  the  entire  trip  overland  on  horseback — a  most  arduous  journey  owing 
to  the  then  unsettled  condition  of  the  country.     From  that  point  he  came  to 
A  ancouver,   where   he   entered   into   business   associations,   and   then   went   into 
the  Yukon  and  Mackenzie  territory,  where  for  four  and  a  half  years  he  was 
tngaged  in  prospecting,  mining,  and  fur  trading.     He  went  into  all  parts  of  the 
frozen  north,  and  after  leaving  that  section  of  the  country  traveled  down  the 
Pacific  coast  as  far  as  the  Panama  canal.     In  fact,  he  has  covered  the  entire 

<  istance  from  Fort  McPherson,  at  the  mouth  of  the  Mackenzie  river,  reached 


176  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

only  by  dog  team,  to  the  canal  zone  of  Panama.  In  the  fall  of  1906  he  returned 
to  Vancouver  and  since  that  time  has  been  actively  engaged  in  business  here, 
entering  the  real-estate,  financial  brokerage  and  investment  field.  In  this  con- 
nection his  business  knowledge  is  extensive  and  his  enterprise  unfaltering.  In 
March,  1908,  he  formed  the  firm  of  Marriott  &  Fellows,  which  conducted  a 
very  extensive  business  until  1913,  when  Mr.  Marriott  purchased  the  interest 
of  his  partner  and  the  firm  was  dissolved.  In  the  meantime,  however,  they 
conducted  extensive  real-estate  deals  and  had  built  up  a  big  business  along 
financial  brokerage  and  investment  lines.  In  fact  so  extensive  was  their  client- 
age that  they  established  branch  offices  in  various  cities  of  the  province.  Mr. 
Marriott  now  has  a  large  and  varied  personal  business  and  financial  interests 
which  he  superintends.  The  constructive  methods  he  has  followed,  his  watch- 
fulness over  details,  and  his  careful  direction  of  his  business  policy  have  been 
salient  features  in  his  growing  success. 

Mr.  Marriott  is  a  member  of  the  Vancouver  Exhibition  Association  and  of 
the  Vancouver  Royal  Yacht  Club.  He  has  firm  faith  in  the  future  of  this  part 
of  the  country,  believing  that  its  opportunities  and  its  resources  have  been 
scarcely  touched,  much  less  exhausted,  and  that  in  years  to  come  history  will 
chronicle  the  building  of  a  great  empire  in  this  western  section  of  Great  Britain's 
interests  on  the  American  continent. 


ALBERT  DEANS. 

Albert  Deans,  who  owns  and  operates  an  eighty-acre  ranch  in  the  vicinity  of 
Murrayville,  has  been  identified  with  the  agricultural  development  of  British 
Columbia  for  twenty-four  years.  He  was  born  in  the  province  of  Ontario,  his 
natal  day  being  the  Kjth  of  February,  1848,  and  is  a  son  of  John  and  Eliza  (Hud- 
son )  Deans,  both  of  whom  are  deceased.  The  father  was  a  native  of  Scotland 
and  the  mother  of  England. 

Reared  at  home,  in  the  acquirement  of  an  education  Albert  Deans  first  at- 
tended the  public  schools  of  Wellington  county,  Ontario.  He  subsequently  sup- 
plemented the  knowledge  there  acquired  by  a  course  in  the  British-American 
Commercial  College  of  Toronto,  following  which  he  returned  to  Wellington 
county,  where  he  began  his  business  career.  He  was  there  employed  for  sev- 
eral years  and  then  went  to  Pennsylvania  and  identified  himself  with  the  lum- 
ber interests.  A  few  years  later  he  returned  to  Ontario  and  turned  to  farming, 
following  this  vocation  with  a  fair  measure  of  success  for  five  years.  At  the 
expiration  of  that  time  he  again  connected  himself  with  the  lumber  trade,  with 
which  he  was  identified  for  six  years  thereafter.  In  1889,  he  came  to  British 
Columbia  and  took  up  a  homestead  at  Otter.  After  proving  up  on  it  he  sold  it 
and  came  to  what  is  now  known  as  Murrayville  and  rented  a  ranch.  After 
operating  this  place  for  four  years  he  purchased  his  present  holding  and  here 
he  has  ever  since  continued  his  agricultural  pursuits.  He  is  engaging  in  diversi- 
fied farming  and  stock-raising,  and  as  his  undertakings  are  capably  directed  is 
meeting  with  a  good  measure  of  success.  The  buildings  on  his  ranch  are  sub- 
stantially constructed  and  in  a  good  state  of  repair,  his  fields  are  producing 
abundant  harvests,  and  his  equipment  is  fully  adequate  to  his  needs,  all  of  which 
are  suggestive  of  his  thrift  and  prosperity. 

In  the  province  of  Ontario  in  February,  1873,  Mr.  Deans  was  married  to- 
Miss  Elizabeth  McColm,  and  to  them  were  born  two  children :  Charles  B.,  who 
married  a  Miss  Shortreed  and  who  died  March  9,  1913;  and  Nellie,  who  became 
the  wife  of  Fire  Chief  Watson,  of  New  Westminster,  deceased.  The  mother  of 
these  children  passed  away  and  in  January,  1905,  Mr.  Deans  was  married  to  his 
present  wife,  whose  maiden  name  was  Barbara  McCay. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Deans  attend  the  Presbyterian  church  and  his  fraternal  rela- 
tions are  confined  to  his  membership  in  the  Masonic  order  and  the  Ancient  Order 


ALBERT  DEANS 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  179 

of  United  Workmen.  In  politics  he  is  a  liberal.  Ever  since  he  located  in  the 
province  Mr.  Deans  has  taken  an  active  interest  in  municipal  affairs  and  is 
justice  of  the  peace  and  acting  police  magistrate  and  license  commissioner,  lie 
has  also  held  the  offices  of  councilman  and  assessor.  He  meets  his  official  re- 
sponsibilities in  a  capable  manner,  executing  his  duties  with  the  same  efficiency 
which  characterizes  him  in  the  discharge  of  his  business  affairs. 


ROBERT  WILSON  HARRIS,  K.  C. 

Robert  Wilson  Harris,  of  Vancouver,  a  barrister  since  1887  and  a  practi- 
tioner in  this  city  since  1889,  was  born  in  1'ackenham,  Ontario,  August  18,  1859, 
a  son  of  James  and  Catherine  (Wilson)  Harris,  the  former  a  son  of  Robert 
Harris,  a  native  of  County  Longford,  Ireland,  who  came  to  Canada  about  1830 
and  founded  the  family  in  the  new  world,  settling  in  Fitzroy  township.  Carle- 
ton  county,  Ontario,  and  there  engaging  in  farming  until  his  death.  He  was 
one  of  the  pioneers  of  that  section,  arriving  there  when  the  district  was  but 
sparsely  settled  and  when  the  work  of  civilization  and  development  seemed 
scarcely  begun.  As  the  years  passed  on  his  energy  and  enterprise  were  mani- 
fested in  his  carefully  managed  agricultural  pursuits,  and  he  was  accounted 
one  of  the  valued  and  representative  citizens  of  the  community.  He  ranked 
as  a  man  of  prominence  aside  from  business  affairs,  serving  for  more  than 
twenty  years  as  justice  of  the  peace.  His  son,  James  Harris,  was  born  on  the 
old  home  farm  in  Carleton  county,  was  there  reared,  and  after  attaining  his 
majority  removed  to  Packenham  township,  Lanark  county,  Ontario,  where  he 
engaged  in  general  farming  until  his  demise.  1  le  married  Catherine  Wilson, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Wilson,  who  was  a  native  of  County  Cavan,  in  the  north 
of  Ireland,  and  came  to  Canada  and  settled  in  Huntley  township,  Carleton  county. 
He,  too,  was  a  pioneer  of  that  district  and  becoming  identified  with  agricultural 
pursuits  continued  in  that  occupation  throughout  the  remainder  of  his  days. 

Robert  Wilson  Harris  pursued  his  preliminary  education  in  the  high  school 
of  Packenham,  Ontario,  and  afterward  attended  Victoria  College  at  Coburg, 
where  he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1884.  He  then  went  to  Winnipeg, 
Manitoba,  and  was  articled  for  the  study  of  law  to  J.  A.  M.  Aikins,  K.  C,  of 
the  law  firm  of  Aikins,  Culver  &  Hamilton.  He  was  called  to  the  bar  of  Mani- 
toba in  1887.  He  then  went  to  St.  Paul,  Minnesota,  where  he  entered  upon 
practice  in  partnership  with  Mr.  Hamilton,  formerly  of  the  firm  of  Aikins, 
Culver  &  Hamilton.  There  he  continued  until  1889,  when  he  came  to  Vancouver 
and  entered  upon  the  active  practice  of  law  in  this  city.  He  was  alone  for  a  time 
and  then  formed  a  partnership  with  A.  H.  Macneill,  K.  C.,  under  the  firm 
name  of  Harris  &  Macneill,  which  relationship  continued  for  a  number  of  years. 
They  were  then  joined  by  W.  S.  Deacon  under  the  firm  style  of  Harris,  Macneill 
&  Deacon,  which  partnership  was  maintained  until  1897,  during  which  time  they 
established  a  branch  office  at  Rossland,  British  Columbia.  On  the  dissolution 
of  the  partnership  Mr.  Harris  entered  into  professional  connections  with  A.  E. 
Bull,  practicing  as  Harris  &  Bull  until  1910,  when  P.  G.  Mason  was  taken  into 
the  firm  under  the  style  of  Harris,  Bull  &  Mason.  This  continued  until  Janu- 
ary, 1912,  when  the  admission  of  R.  W.  Hannington  led  to  the  adoption  of  the 
present  firm  name  of  Harris,  Bull,  Hannington  &  Mason.  Under  that  style 
the  law  practice  is  now  conducted.  Mr.  Harris  is  a  king's  counsel,  having  been 
appointed  in  1905. 

On  the  20th  of  April,  1898,  Mr.  Harris  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Jessie  A.  Crosby,  a  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Crosby,  D.  D.,  who  came  to 
British  Columbia  as  a  young  man  and  for  fifty  years  was  a  missionary  to  the 
Indians  of  the  province,  but  he  is  now  living  retired  in  Vancouver.  For  twenty- 
five  years  he  was  stationed  at  Port  Simpson,  where  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Harris, 
was  born,  being  the  first  white  child  born  in  northwest  British  Columbia,  her 


180  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

mother  having  been  the  first  white  woman  that  lived  at  Port  Simpson,  then  a 
Hudson's  Bay  fort.  More  extensive  mention  of  Dr.  Crosby  will  be  found  on 
another  page  of  this  work.  Unto  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Harris  has  been  born  a  daugh- 
ter, Winnifred  Marion,  now  four  and  a  half  years  of  age. 


SAMUEL  ALFRED   MOORE. 

Samuel  Alfred  Moore  is  engaged  in  general  law  practice  as  senior  partner 
of  the  firm  of  Moore  &  Cameron.  He  has  lived  continuously  in  British  Colum- 
bia since  1896  and  was  called  to  the  bar  in  1903.  His  birth  occurred  at  New 
Glasgow,  Xova  Scotia,  October  14,  1877,  his  parents  being  Lieutenant  Mc- 
Lellan  and  Christina  (Cameron)  Moore.  He  attended  public  schools  in  Nova 
Scotia  and  also  spent  three  years  in  the  Mount  Allison  University  at  Sackville, 
New  Brunswick.  He  was  a  youth  of  nineteen  years  when,  in  1896,  he  came 
to  liritish  Columbia,  since  which  time  he  has  resided  in  this  province.  In  1898 
he  was  articled  to  the  law  firm  of  Russell  &  Russell  and  under  their  direction 
continued  his  reading  until  1903,  when  he  was  called  to  the  bar  of  British 
Columbia.  At  that  time  he  was  admitted  to  a  partnership  by  his  former  pre- 
ceptors although  the  firm  name  still  remained  Russell  &  Russell.  For  two  years 
he  practiced  as  a  member  of  that  firm,  benefiting  by  the  broadening  experiences 
which  came  to  him  in  that  connection.  In  1905  he  entered  into  partnership 
with  C.  X.  I  laney  under  the  firm  name  of  Haney  &  Moore,  and  in  1907  they 
dissolved,  after  which  Mr.  Moore  remained  alone  in  his  law  practice  until  1912, 
when  he  was  joined  by  Ceorge  F.  Cameron  in  a  partnership  relation  under  the 
present  firm  style  of  Moore  &  Cameron.  Their  practice  is  general  and  has 
connected  them  with  much  important  litigation.  Mr.  Moore  never  fails  to 
give  a  thorough  preparation  and  in  his  presentation  of  a  case  it  is  seen  that  his 
reasoning  is  along  the  most  logical  line  and  his  conclusions  are  unusually  exact 
and  convincing. 

On  the  1 2th  of  July,  1908.  in  Seattle,  Washington,  Mr.  Moore  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Matilda  Walters,  a  daughter  of  Howard  C.  and  Jennie  C. 
(Wright)  Walters,  the  former  the  president  of  the  Brittania  Mines  of  British 
Columbia.  The  only  child  of  this  marriage  is  a  daughter,  Elizabeth.  Mr. 
Moore's  interests  largely  center  in  his  home  and  he  has  connected  himself  with 
no  club  organizations.  He  belongs,  however,  to  the  Presbyterian  church  and 
to  Mount  Hermon  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  Vancouver,  while  his  political 
allegiance  is  given  to  the  liberal  party.  These  interests  and  his  law  practice 
chiefly  constitute  his  life's  activities.  His  friends — and  their  number  is  increas- 
ing annually — find  in  him  a  worthy,  reliable  gentleman,  dependable  under  all 
circumstances  and  one  ready  to  meet  any  emergency  of  life  with  a  conscientious- 
ness that  comes  from  a  right  conception  of  things  and  an  habitual  regard  for 
what  is  best  in  the  exercise  of  human  activities. 


JAMES  ANDREW  McINTYRE. 

James  Andrew  Mclntyre  is  proprietor  of  one  of  the  largest  and  most  popu- 
lar cafes  of  Vancouver.  He  has  been  engaged  in  the  restaurant  business  here 
since  May,  1905,  and  has  made  continuous  progress,  his  capable  management, 
enterprise  and  progressive  methods  resulting  in  bringing  him  substantial  success. 
He  was  born  in  Winnipeg,  Manitoba,  June  8,  1880,  and  is  a  son  of  James 
Andrew  and  Mary  (Manson)  Mclntyre,  the  former  a  native  of  Scotland  and 
the  latter  of  Ireland.  They  were  married  in  Goderich,  Ontario,  in  1878,  and 
in  the  following  year  went  to  Manitoba  where  the  father  engaged  in  the  real- 
estate  and  hotel  business,  there  residing  until  his  death,  which  occurred  in  1893, 


SAMUEL  A.  MOORE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  183 

when  he  was  forty-four  years  of  age.  He  served  as  a  sergeant  of  the  Nine- 
tieth Regiment  of  Winnipeg  Rifles  throughout  the  Northwest  rebellion  and 
was  an  excellent  rifle  shot.  He  had  attended  shooting  contests  at  Wemblington, 
now  Beazley,  England,  was  active  in  many  sports  and  was  a  great  huntsman. 
His  widow  is  still  a  resident  of  Winnipeg. 

James  Andrew  Mclntyre  pursued  his  education  in  public  and  high  schools 
of  his  native  city  and  upon  leaving  school  at  the  age  of  sixteen  years  entered 
the  employ  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad  Company  in  the  dining  car  depart- 
ment, continuing  in  that  employ  for  eleven  years.  For  several  years  he  was 
dining  car  conductor  and  for  two  years  acted  as  inspector  of  the  dining  and 
sleeping  car  service,  traveling  between  Halifax  and  Vancouver.  This  acquainted 
him  with  the  west  and  its  opportunities  and  he  resigned  from  that  position 
on  the  last  of  April,  1905,  with  the  purpose  of  engaging  in  business  on  his  own 
account  in  Vancouver.  On  the  ist  of  May  he  opened  a  restaurant  and  has  since 
continued  as  its  proprietor.  He  was  first  located  at  No.  439  Granville  street 
where  he  remained  until  the  fall  of  1911,  in  which  year  he  erected  a  handsome 
building  designed  for  his  special  purpose  at  No.  556  Seymour  street,  where 
he  is  now  conducting  one  of  the  popular  restaurants  of  the  city.  It  has  the 
largest  seating  capacity  and  is  one  of  the  finest  cafes  in  Vancouver  and  Mr. 
Mclntyre  does  everything  in  his  power  to  meet  the  demands  of  the  public  in 
attractive  service  and  well  prepared  viands.  The  business  is  steadily  growing 
and  with  the  excellent  facilities  secured  in  the  new  building  Mr.  Mclntyre  has 
been  enabled  to  do  even  more  for  his  patrons,  whose  number  is  growing  each 
year.  He  is  also  interested  in  business  property  in  this  city. 

Mr.  Mclntyre  is  well  known  in  athletics,  interested  in  shooting  and  all  kinds 
of  sports.  He  belongs  to  the  Vancouver  Curling,  Vancouver  Gun  and  Vancouver 
Bowling  Clubs  and  in  1913  went  to  Winnipeg  with  the  first  curling  rink  ever 
sent  out  by  Vancouver.  He  is  now  treasurer  of  the  Vancouver  Bowling  Asso- 
ciation and  is  a  member  of  the  executive  of  the  Gun  Club.  He  also  belongs 
to  the  Vancouver  Commercial  Club  and  is  in  hearty  sympathy  with  its  purpose 
of  promoting  the  welfare  and  upbuilding  of  the  city.  He  votes  with  the  con- 
servative party  although  never  active  as  a  worker  in  its  ranks  and  he  gives  loyal 
allegiance  to  Mount  Hermon  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  .M.,  exemplifying  in  his  life 
the  beneficent  spirit  of  the  craft.  Although  a  young  man  he  has  attained  in 
business  circles  a  position  which  many  an  older  citizen  might  well  envy.  This 
is  due  to  his  close  study  of  the  business  in  which  he  has  engaged,  his  earnest 
desire  to  please  his  patrons,  his  straightforward  dealing  and  his  enterprising 
methods. 


HOWARD  KETCHUM  BUTCHER. 

Howard  Ketchum  Dutcher  is  a  member  of  one  of  the  foremost  engineering 
firms  of  British  Columbia,  that  of  DuCane,  Dutcher  &  Company,  specializing 
in  municipal  and  hydro-electric  power  work,  with  headquarters  at  Vancouver. 
He  was  born  at  Milltown,  New  Brunswick,  October  5,  1878,  and  is  a  son  of  the 
Rev.  Charles  W.  and  Katherine  E.  (Howatt)  Dutcher,  the  former  a  son  of 
John  Dutcher,  who  came  to  America  from  Rotterdam,  Holland,  settling  first 
in  the  state  of  New  York,  whence  he  crossed  the  border  into  Canada,  taking 
up  his  abode  in  New  Brunswick.  The  Rev.  Charles  W.  Dutcher  was  born  and 
reared  in  New  Brunswick  and  was  educated  for  the  Methodist  ministry  in  Mount 
Allison  University.  He  filled  pastorates  in  various  towns  in  New  Brunswick 
to  the  time  of  his  death  in  1894.  His  wife  was  a  member  of  the  well  known 
Howatt  family  of  Prince  Edward  Island. 

Howard  Ketchum  Dutcher  was  educated  at  Prince  of  Wales  College,  from 
which  he  was  graduated  in  1896,  and  in  1898  he  entered  McGill  University, 
specializing  in  civil  and  electrical  engineering.  He  continued  his  studies  in  that 

Vol.  IV— 7 


184  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

connection  for  two  years,  after  which  he  left  the  university  and  was  employed 
as  -construction  engineer  on  the  Boston  Elevated  Railroad  from  1900  to  1902. 
In  the  fall  of  the  latter  year  he  resumed  his  studies  at  McGill  and  was  graduated 
in  1904  with  the  Bachelor  of  Science  degree.  He  next  entered  the  employ  of 
the  Allis-Chalmers-Bullock  Company  at  Cincinnati,  Ohio,  remaining  with  them 
until  the  fall  of  1905,  when  he  once  more  entered  McGill,  pursuing  a  post- 
graduate course  and  at  the  same  time  lecturing  there  on  hydraulic  engineering. 
He  was  graduated  in  1906  with  the  degree  of  Master  of  Science  and  in  the 
fall  of  that  year  he  came  to  Vancouver,  British  Columbia,  to  take  charge  of 
McGill  University  work  in  this  city,  as  professor  of  civil  engineering  in  the 
new  McGill  University  College  of  British  Columbia.  He  also  organized  the  firm 
of  Butcher,  Maxwell  &  Company,  consulting  engineers,  reorganized  as  DuCane, 
Dutcher  &  Company  in  1912,  to  admit  into  partnership  Charles  G.  DuCane,  of  Sir 
John  Wolfe-Barry  and  partners,  and  H.  B.  Fergusson.  They  are  now  recognized 
as  one  of  the  foremost  engineering  firms  in  Canada  and  undertake  as  consulting 
engineers,  all  branches  of  engineering  work,  including  municipal  work  for  Kam- 
loops,  Duncan,  Salmon  Arm,  Merritt  and  other  towns  in  the  west,  besides  sev- 
eral large  power  and  irrigation  projects.  Mr.  Dutcher  also  continues  his  pro- 
fessorship in  the  McGill  University  College,  and  he  is  financially  interested  in 
various  projects,  being  president  of  the  Western  Engineering  Company,  Ltd., 
and  a  director  of  several  land  companies  of  British  Columbia.  All  this,  with  his 
educational  work,  indicates  his  high  standing  in  professional  circles. 

On  the  3d  of  September,  1907,  Mr.  Dutcher  was  married  to  Miss  Naoma  I. 
Snowdon,  of  Montreal,  a  daughter  of  J.  J.  Snowdon.  She  was  educated  at 
Trafalgar  College,  Montreal,  and  in  the  McGill  University.  The  children  of 
this  marriage  are  Naoma  K.,  born  June  12,  1908,  and  Howard  Norval,  born 
May  23,  1910.  Mr.  Dutcher  is  not  active  in  politics,  but  usually  supports  by 
his  ballot  the  men  and  measures  of  the  conservative  party.  He  belongs  to  the 
Western  and  University  Clubs.  He  is  also  a  member  of  Western  Gate  Lodge, 
No.  48,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  attends  the  Presbyterian  church,  and  these  associa- 
tions indicate  much  of  the  nature  of  the  principles  governing  his  conduct.  Along 
more  strictly  professional  lines  he  is  a  member  of  the  Canada  Society  of  Civil 
Engineers,  and  for  two  years  he  was  secretary  of  the  Vancouver  branch  of 
that  society.  His  attention  is  chiefly  given  to  his  professional  interests,  which 
are  now  of  an  extensive  and  important  character,  and  his  ability  is  attested 
in  the  large  number  of  contracts  awarded  the  firm.  He  holds  to  high  profes- 
sional ideals  and  has  continuously  promoted  his  knowledge  through  reading, 
research  and  experience. 


ARTHUR  ELPHINSTONE  HEPBURN. 

Arthur  Elphinstone  Hepburn,  a  resident  of  British  Columbia  since  1898,  has 
through  the  intervening  period  become  recognized  as  a  foremost  mining  engineer 
of  the  province  and  one  whose  wide  knowledge  and  experience  enable  him  to 
speak  with  authority  upon  many  of  the  subjects  upon  which  his  profession  has 
direct  bearing.  He  was  born  in  Surrey,  England,  January  21,  1873,  and  is  a 
son  of  George  Wright  Hepburn  Hepburn,  recognized  as  one  of  the  distinguished 
civil  engineers  of  his  time.  He  was  an  officer  in  the  Army  Works  Corps  and 
served  during  the  Crimean  war.  He  afterward  engaged  in  important  work 
throughout  the  world,  being  for  seven  years  on  the  Punjab  &  Delhi  Railway  in 
India  and  surveying  and  preparing  complete  estimates  for  the  building  of  canals 
along  eight  hundred  miles  of  the  Uruguay  river  in  1871.  He  assisted  in  the 
construction  of  the  Scinde  Railway  and  was  afterward  connected  with  important 
railroad  work  in  Nova  Scotia,  New  Brunswick  and  Great  Britain.  He  built 
bridges  in  Spain  and  in  different  parts  of  the  world  and  a  distinguished  profes- 
sional career  ended  at  his  death  in  1880. 


ARTHUR  E.  HEPBURN 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  187 

Arthur  E.  Hepburn  acquired  his  early  education  under  private  masters  in 
London  and  New  Zealand  and  afterward  qualified  for  his  profession  as  a  min- 
ing engineer.  He  received  thorough  training,  both  theoretical  and  practical,  the 
latter  through  actual  work  in  the  field,  and  he  thus  entered  upon  his  duties  well 
equipped  for  the  solution  of  the  intricate  and  important  problems  which  are  fre- 
quently met  in  that  field  of  labor.  His  work  carried  him  into  the  mining  districts 
of  many  parts  of  the  world,  where  he  engaged  for  several  years  in  practical 
underground  and  surface  work,  thus  further  obtaining  experience  in  mining  and 
its  methods.  He  early  became  recognized  as  an  engineer  of  great  ability  and  has 
attracted  a  large  and  important  clientage. 

In  1898  Mr.  Hepburn  came  to  British  Columbia,  establishing  himself  in  prac- 
tice at  Vancouver,  and  he  has  continued  to  reside  in  this  section  of  the  country 
to  the  present  time.  He  is  now  associated  with  Major  William  Hussey-Walsh 
of  London,  England,  under  the  firm  name  of  Arthur  E.  Hepburn  &  Hussey- 
Walsh,  of  Vancouver  and  London.  The  intention  and  reason  for  the  London 
office  with  its  powerful  connections  and  advisory  board  is  to  arrange  finan- 
cially for  British  Columbia  issues  of  merit  such  as  industrials,  bond  issues,  and 
hydro-electric  plants,  railways,  docks,  etc.  Mr.  Hepburn  considers  that  Sir  Rich- 
ard McBride,  K.  C.  M.  G.,  is  truly  an  empire  builder  with  his  broad  and  far- 
sighted  railway  policy,  having  revolutionized  conditions  in  this  province,  for  it 
has  only  been  the  lack  of  proper  communication  that  has  kept  in  check  the  develop- 
ment of  British  Columbia's  vast  resources.  Capitalists  who  will  trust  men  of 
integrity  in  this  province  to  carry  on  legitimate  investigations  along  certain  lines. 
cannot  help  but  win  rich  results.  Mr.  Hepburn  through  his  office  connections  in 
London  has  been  promised  for  the  Vancouver  Harbor  &  Dock  Extension  Com- 
pany, Ltd.,  all  the  financial  support  necessary  to  carry  out  the  great  work  in 
which  it  is  engaged  and  which  is  most  desirable  and  necessary  to  enable  greater- 
Vancouver  to  hold  its  own  when  the  Panama  canal  opens  in  1915.  This  will 
undoubtedly  create  enormous  trade,  which  will  in  turn  require  greater  dock  ac- 
commodations. The  mouth  of  the  Eraser  river  is  ideal  for  immense  industrial' 
enterprises  and  the  promotion  and  support  of  these  concerns  have  been  endorsed: 
by  very  able  British  and  New  York  engineers  and  financiers.  Another  large  con- 
cern for  which  Mr.  Hepburn  has  been  offered  financial  assistance  is  the  Pacific 
&  Hudson  Bay  Railway  Company,  whose  line  from  Bella  Coola,  running  north  to 
Fort  George  and  then  into  the  Peace  River  country,  is  of  vast  importance  to  the 
interior  of  the  province.  It  is  controlled  by  W.  D.  Verschoyle  and  E.  C.  Harris, 
of  Vancouver,  who  have  already  spent  two  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  dollars 
in  investigations  and  surveys  and  who  through  Mr.  Hepburn's  London  office  have 
been  promised  necessary  support.  Mr.  Hepburn  represents  also  large  British 
financial  interests  and  has  important  connections  in  London.  He  has  represented 
professionally  British  capital  and  has  made  many  exhaustive  examinations  in 
connection  with  the  coal  and  iron  fields  of  British  Columbia,  having  been  instru- 
mental in  placing  the  investment  of  this  capital  in  the  natural  resources  of  the 
province.  He  has,  moreover,  given  much  thought,  attention  and  research  to  the 
possibilities  for  the  development  of  a  great  British  Columbia  steel  industry  and 
has  made  a  very  exhaustive  report  of  the  same  to  British  financiers,  this  being 
now  under  serious  consideration.  Mr.  Hepburn  has  personally  become  largely 
interested  in  coal  lands,  owning  and  controlling  some  twelve  thousand  acres  ia 
this  province.  These  are  very  valuable,  being  bituminous  and  of  coking  quality,, 
and  coal  of  this  character  will  undoubtedly  be  in  great  demand  for  smelting 
operations. 

Mr.  Hepburn  believes  that  greater  Vancouver  has  a  magnificent  future  and 
that  when  the  population  increases,  as  it  will  upon  the  opening  of  the  Panama 
canal,  labor  will  become  cheaper  and  this  in  turn  will  enable  large  industrial  en- 
terprises to  compete  with  those  of  eastern  Canada  and  America.  Enormous  trade 
and  markets  in  grain  and  other  commodities  are  only  waiting  proper  arrange- 
ments with  China,  Japan,  New  Zealand,  Australia  and  Mexico.  He  believes  that 


188  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

the  motto  of  British  Columbia  should  be  "export,  not  import,"  as  thereby  more 
industries  could  be  supported  and  the  profits  kept  in  the  Dominion. 

On  the  I4th  of  February,  1902,  Mr.  Hepburn  was  united  in  marriage  to 
Barbara  Gilmore  Caldwell,  a  daughter  of  Captain  Fisher  Caldwell,  of  Troon, 
Ayrshire,  Scotland.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hepburn  have  one  daughter,  Jean  Fisher. 
The  parents  are  members  of  the  Anglican  church  and  Mr.  Hepburn  gives  his 
political  allegiance  to  the  conservative  party,  being  a  loyal  supporter  of  Premier 
Borden's  naval  policy,  considering  that  the  proposal  should  have  been  accepted 
without  party  debate  and  the  future  and  broader  issues  left  for  more  careful 
consideration  with  the  generous  advice  and  cooperation  of  the  imperial  naval 
council  of  London.  Mr.  Hepburn's  motto  is  "one  king,  one  empire,  one  flag." 
In  Vancouver  he  is  known  as  a  man  of  wide  interests  and  progressive  public 
spirit  and  his  cooperation  is  always  readily  and  heartily  given  to  movements  for 
the  municipal  advancement.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Progress  Club  and  the 
Board  of  Trade,  serving  on  the  mining  committee  in  the  latter  organization,  and 
is  also  affiliated  with  the  Chamber  of  Mines  and  a  life  member  of  the  American 
Academy  of  Political  and  Social  Science.  He  holds  membership  in  the  Canadian 
Club,  the  Vancouver  Golf  and  Country  Club  and  the  Terminal  City  Club  and 
is  well  known  in  social  circles.  He  is,  moreover,  a  member  of  the  Canadian  Min- 
ing Institute,  a  life  member  of  the  American  Institute  of  Mining  Engineers,  the 
Royal  Society  of  Arts  of  London,  a  Fellow  of  the  North  British  Academy  and 
affiliated  with  the  Naval  and  Military  Emigration  League  of  London.  He  is  a 
man  of  force,  experience  and  capacity,  far-sighted  in  business,  loyal  in  citizenship, 
eminent  in  his  profession,  and  the  influence  of  his  standards  and  accomplish- 
ments has  been  felt  as  a  distinct  force  in  the  building  up  and  development  of 
British  Columbia. 


JOHN  GILMOUR  HAY. 

John  Gilmour  Hay,  city  solicitor  of  Vancouver,  who  engaged  in  the  private 
practice  of  law  prior  to  his  appointment  to  his  present  position,  has  ever  proved 
himself  an  able  and  conscientious  minister  in  the  temple  of  justice  and  the  con- 
sensus of  public  opinion  ranks  him  with  Vancouver's  leading  barristers.  He  was 
born  in  Chatham,  Ontario,  May  17,  1873,  a  son  of  John  Gilmour  and  Margaret  B. 
(Hawken)  Hay,  the  former  a  native  of  Aberdeen,  Scotland,  and  a  son  of 
Morice  Hay,  who  came  from  Aberdeen  to  Canada  in  1830  He  settled  first 
at  Montreal  but  afterward  removed  to  Port  Hope,  Ontario,  where  he  was 
engaged  in  the  book  and  stationery  business  to  the  time  of  his  death,  being 
recognized  as  one  of  the  leading  merchants  of  that  city.  He  was  also  one  of 
the  founders  of  the  first  Baptist  church  established  in  Montreal,  organized  by 
the  Rev.  John  Gilmour  of  Aberdeen,  Scotland.  John  Gilmour  Hay,  father  of 
Mr.  Hay  of  this  review,  early  learned  the  tinsmith's  trade,  which  he  followed 
in  connection  with  the  hardware  business  at  Port  Hope,  Ontario,  until  he 
removed  to  Chatham.  There  he  again  conducted  a  hardware  and  tinsmith  busi- 
ness until  his  death,  which  occurred  in  1873,  a  few  months  prior  to  the  birth 
of  his  son  and  namesake.  He  was  a  veteran  of  the  Fenian  war. 

At  the  usual  age  John  Gilmour  Hay,  whose  name  introduces  this  review, 
was  sent  to  the  public  schools  of  Ridgetown,  Ontario,  and  continued  his  educa- 
tion through  consecutive  grades  until  he  left  the  high  school  and  afterward 
entered  Osgoode  Hall  of  Toronto  in  preparation  for  the  practice  of  law,  which 
he  had  determined  to  make  his  life  work.  He  mastered  the  branches  constitut- 
ing the  legal  course  and  was  graduated  in  1894.  The  same  year  he  was  called 
to  the  Ontario  bar  and  began  practice  in  Toronto  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of 
Clute,  Macdonald,  Macintosh  &  Hay,  so  remaining  until  1902.  In  the  latter 
year  he  went  to  Dawson,  Yukon  Territory,  where  he  successfully  practiced 
until  1907,  when  he  came  to  Vancouver  and  for  a  time  was  a  member  of  the 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  189 

firm  of  Martin,  Craig,  Bourne  &  Hay.  In  1910  he  was  appointed  city  solicitor 
of  Vancouver  and  remains  in  that  position,  the  duties  of  which  he  is  discharging 
with  promptness,  capability  and  fidelity.  He  has  high  rank  as  a  barrister  and 
is  making  a  splendid  record  as  city  solicitor,  successfully  conducting  many 
important  cases  which  have  arisen  through  the  rapid  growth  of  Vancouver. 
His  preparation  of  a  case  is  always  thorough  and  exhaustive;  he  seems  to  grasp 
every  detail  and  to  give  every  point  its  due  relative  prominence,  so  that  his  case 
in  all  of  its  features  is  well  assembled  and  his  exposition  thereof  throws  the 
strongest  possible  light  upon  the  point  which  he  intends  to  prove. 

On  the  5th  of  July,  1902,  Mr.  Hay  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Helen 
J.  Bailey,  of  Toronto,  Ontario,  a  daughter  of  the  late  John  C.  Bailey,  C.  E., 
M.  I.  C.  E.,  M.  Imp.  Inst.,  one  of  the  foremost  civil  and  constructing  engineers 
in  Canada.  He  was  the  builder  of  the  International  bridge  at  the  Soo  and  has 
beer,  engaged  on  most  of  the  important  railway  construction  work  in  the  Domin- 
ion. In  fact  he  stood  prominent  among  men  of  note  in  engineering  circles, 
his  scientific  and  practical  attainments  enabling  him  to  pass  beyond  the  great 
majority  of  those  so  engaged. 

Mr.  Hay  is  a  liberal  in  politics,  but  though  he  keeps  well  informed  on  the 
questions  and  issues  of  the  day,  does  not  seek  nor  desire  office  outside  the  strict 
path  of  his  profession,  preferring  to  concentrate  his  energies  upon  the  prompt 
and  faithful  performance  of  his  duties.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church 
and  is  popular  in  the  Terminal  City  and  British  Columbia  Golf  Clubs,  both  of 
which  have  his  name  upon  their  membership  rolls. 


JOHN  GORDON  McLAREN. 

Since  1909  John  Gordon  McLaren  has  been  engaged  in  practice  in  Van- 
couver as  a  mining  engineer  and  prior  to  settling  here  he  was  professionally 
employed  in  California,  South  America  and  Australia.  In  1898  he  went  to  the 
Yukon  Territory  on  behalf  of  an  English  company,  remaining  there  until  1909. 
He  still  retains  a  large  interest  in  a  dredging  company  operating  about  sixty 
miles  west  of  Dawson,  in  the  40  Mile  District.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Van- 
couver Club. 


NOEL  HUMPHRYS. 

Reared  as  a  farm  boy  to  the  age  of  nineteen  years,  Noel  Humphrys,  now 
of  Vancouver,  then  came  to  British  Columbia,  and  in  the  wise  utilization  of  the 
opportunities  which  have  come  to  him  for  education  and  business  advancement 
he  has  reached  a  position  among  the  foremost  civil  engineers  of  the  province. 
He  was  born  at  Barrow-In-Furness,  England,  December  26,  1879,  a  son  of 
James  and  Jane  Emma  (Pearson)  Humphrys.  The  father  was  a  marine  engi- 
neer and  naval  architect  and  as  manager  had  charge  of  the  shipyards  at  Barrow- 
In-Furness  for  fifteen  years.  He  afterward  removed  to  London,  where  he  was 
manager  for  the  Brush  Electric  Light  Company  until  1887,  when  he  came  to 
Canada,  settling  in  Saskatchewan,  where  he  engaged  in  farming  until  his  death 
in  1902. 

In  the  acquirement  of  his  education  Noel  Humphrys  attended  the  public 
schools  of  Saskatchewan  and  was  instructed  by  his  father  in  the  science  of 
engineering.  His  boyhood  and  youth  were  spent  upon  the  home  farm  and 
when  nineteen  years  of  age,  wishing  to  enjoy  some  of  the  advantages  offered 
by  the  growing  western  country,  he  made  his  way  to  British  Columbia,  settling 
at  Revelstoke.  There  for  a  year  and  a  half  he  was  in  the  employ  of  the  engi- 
neering department  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  and  in  1901  he  went  to 


190  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Vancouver  under  articles  to  W.  A.  Bauer,  civil  engineer  and  British  Columbia 
la.nd  surveyor,  with  whom  he  remained  for  three  years  as  required  by  the  pro- 
vincial government.  In  1904  he  qualified  for  the  position  of  British  Columbia 
land  surveyor  and  began  the  private  practice  of  his  profession  in  the  fall  of 
that  year,  with  offices  in  Vancouver.  Before  the  completion  of  his  articles  he 
.assisted  in  the  government  survey,  in  1903-4,  up  the  British  Columbia  coast 
on  Swanson  Bay  and  vicinity.  He  has  enjoyed  an  excellent  practice  from  the 
start  and  now  has  a  very  extensive  business,  which  is  indicative  of  the  promi- 
nent position  which  he  occupies  in  the  profession  and  the  excellence  of  the 
service  rendered.  He  has  done  survey  and  location  work  in  all  parts  of  the 
province  and  in  1908-9  had  charge  of  the  exploration  surveys  for  the  British 
Columbia  government  at  Graham  island,  Queen  Charlotte  group,  while  in  1911- 
12  he  made  extensive  surveys  in  the  Peace  river  country.  He  is  now  practicing 
in  association  with  Frank  Tupper  as  senior  member  of  the  firm  of-  Humphrys 
&  Tupper,  British  Columbia  land  surveyors  and  civil  engineers,  with  offices  in 
the  Rogers  block  in  Vancouver.  He  also  has  other  business  interests  and  his 
sound  judgment  and  enterprising  spirit  have  caused  his  cooperation  to  be  sought 
along  various  lines.  He  is  president  and  director  of  the  Alberta  Pacific  Grain 
Growing  Company,  Ltd.,  is  a  director  of  the  Grand  Prairie  Syndicate  Com- 
pany, Ltd.,  which  owns  a  large  tract  of  land  on  Grand  Prairie,  and  is  also 
managing  director  of  the  Pacific  Coast  Automobile  &  Transportation  Company, 
Ltd. 

In  Vancouver,  on  the  nth  of  September,  1904,  Mr.  Humphrys  was  married 
to  Miss  Kathleen  Higgins,  a  daughter  of  Connell  J.  Higgins,  for  many  years 
in  the  government  service  at  Ottawa.  Their  children  are  Norah  Mary,  Noel 
James,  Hugh  John  and  Kathleen  Elizabeth.  .Mr.  Humphrys  belongs  to  the 
Anglican  church  and  his  wife  is  a  Roman  Catholic.  Mr.  Humphrys  is  a  conserva- 
tive in  politics  but  not  an  active  party  worker.  He  has  various  club  relations,  being 
a  member  of  the  Corporation  of  Land  Surveyors  of  British  Columbia,  the  Van- 
couver, Terminal  City,  Vancouver  Automobile  and  Shaughnessy  Heights  Golf 
Clubs  of  Vancouver,  and  the  Union  Club  of  Victoria.  Motoring  and  golf 
form  two  important  features  of  his  recreation.  His  prominence  in  his  profes- 
sion has  its  root  in  the  thoroughness  with  which  he  qualified,  his  close  applica- 
tion and  unfaltering  energy  with  which  he  has  managed  his  practice. 


RODERICK  FINLAYSOX. 

Roderick  Finlayson,  who  for  a  half  century  was  in  the  service  of  the 
Hudson's  Bay  Company,  died  January  20,  1892,  when  in  the  seventy-fourth 
year  of  his  age.  His  birth  occurred  at  Loch  Alsh,  Ross-shire,  Scotland,  on 
the  i6th  of  March,  1818,  his  parents  being  Alexander  and  Mary  (Morrison) 
Finlayson.  He  pursued  his  education  at  the  place  of  his  birth  while  spend- 
ing his  boyhood  days  in  the  home  of  his  father,  who  was  a  sheep  and  stock- 
raiser.  On  leaving  his  native  land  he  sailed  from  Glasgow  for  New  York  in 
July,  1837,  as  a  passenger  on  one  of  the  old  time  sailing  vessels  and 
arrived  at  his  destination  after  a  tedious  voyage  of  forty  days.  Through  the 
influence  of  a  relative  in  New  York  city  he  received  an  appointment  in  the 
Hudson's  Bay  Company's  service  as  apprentice  clerk.  He  proceeded  imme- 
diately to  the  head  office  of  the  company,  then  located  at  Lachine  on  the 
St.  Lawrence,  and  spent  some  time  at  a  desk,  but  a  vacancy  occurred  whereby 
there  came  to  him  the  chance  of  appointment  to  a  station  called  Fort  Coulonge, 
on  the  Ottawa  river.  There  he  spent  the  winter  of  1837-8  and  was  initiated 
into  the  mode  of  trade  carried  on  by  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company.  In  1838  he  was 
placed  in  charge  of  the  station  at'Fort  William  and  there  remained  until  1839, 
when  he  was  directed  to  join  the  men  sent  to  the  Columbia  district  on  the  west 


RODERICK;  FINLAYSON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  193 

slope  of  the  Rocky  mountains  in  order  to  take  possession  of  part  of  the  Russian 
territory  on  the  North  Pacific  for  trade  purposes.  This  was  leased  from  the 
Russian-American  Fur  Company  by  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company.  The  party 
proceeded  westward  by  water  most  of  the  way  and  after  six  months  spent  en 
route  finally  reached  Fort  Vancouver,  now  in  the  state  of  Washington  on  the 
Columbia  river.  It  was  then  the  head  station  of  the  Columbia  district.  In  the 
spring  of  1840  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  employes  boarded  the  historic 
Beaver  on  Puget  Sound  and  proceeded  along  the  coast,  Mr.  Finlayson  thus  pass- 
ing Vancouver  island,  which  was  to  be  his  future  home.  The  party  proceeded 
on  up  the  coast  to  Fort  Stickeen  in  Russian  territory,  which  by  agreement  they 
took,  and  later,  under  command  of  Chief  Factor  Douglas,  later  Sir  James 
Douglas,  went  to  Sitka,  the  head  station  of  the  Russian-American  Company. 
Subsequently  they  proceeded  up  the  Taco  river  and  established  Fort  Durham, 
erecting  a  fort  and  making  other  necessary  arrangements  for  their  stay  there. 
Mr.  Finlayson  was  placed  second  in  command  of  the  fort,  Chief  Factor  Douglas 
returning  in  the  Beaver. 

In  the  autumn  of  1841  Mr.  Finlayson  was  relieved  and  transferred  to  Fort 
Stickeen,  now  Wrangel.  In  1842  he  was  sent  as  relief  clerk  to  Fort  Simpson 
and  when  Forts  Stickeen,  Durham  and  McLaughlin  were  abandoned  Mr.  Fin- 
layson was  ordered  south  with  the  party  to  the  southern  end  of  Vancouver 
island,  reaching  Victoria  harbor  on  the  ist  of  June,  1843.  They  commenced  build- 
ing a  fort  with  the  forces  of  the  abandoned  forts,  having  three  officers  and  fifty 
men.  C.  Ross  was  placed  in  charge,  with  Mr.  Finlayson  as  second  in  command. 
The  two  vessels,  the  Cadboro  and  Beaver,  remained  as  guard  vessels  until  the 
fort  was  built.  There  was  nothing  but  dense  forest  on  the  water  along  the 
harbor.  They  cleared  some  land  on  which  to  grow  vegetables  and  cereals  and  the 
work  of  making  a  habitable  place  thus  continued.  In  1844  Mr.  Ross,  who  was  in 
command,  died  and  Mr.  Finlayson  succeeded  him  and  was  placed  in  charge  of 
Victoria.  During  this  period  he  had  many  brushes  with  the  Indians  but  finally 
subdued  them  and  taught  them  the  power  and  danger  of  firearms.  During  this 
period  Mr.  Finlayson  created  what  became  the  Indian  Reserve,  which  existed 
until  a  recent  date.  The  Indians  were  all  taught  to  respect  British  justice. 
Three  large  dairy  farms  were  established  at  this  time  and  farming  operations 
conducted  on  an  extensive  scale,  so  that  men-of-war  and  other  vessels  could 
purchase  supplies.  A  gristmill  was  opened  at  Ksquimalt  and  also  a  lumber  mill. 
The  head  depot  for  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  was  established  here.  About 
this  time  the  forty-ninth  parallel  was  declared  the  boundary  between  United 
States  and  Canada.  The  fur  returns  for  England  cleared  from  Victoria  direct  to 
England  from  that  time  on.  In  1849,  when  Chief  Factor  Douglas,  later  Sir  James, 
was  sent  to  Victoria  from  Fort  Vancouver,  Washington,  Mr.  Finlayson  was  re- 
lieved of  his  onerous  duties  to  a  certain  extent.  He  became  head  accountant 
and  continued  to  act  in  that  capacity  until  1862.  In  1851  Mr.  Douglas  became 
governor  of  the  island  of  Vancouver  and  Mr.  Finlayson  was  appointed  by  him 
as  a  member  of  the  legislative  council,  his  commission  being  signed  by  Queen 
Victoria  in  that  year.  In  1850  he  had  received  his  commission  as  chief  trader 
and  in  1859  received  his  commission  as  chief  factor  of  the  Hudson's  Bay 
Company. 

From  1852  Mr.  Finlayson  had  added  extensively  to  his  purchases  of  land, 
which  he  cleared,  fenced  and  drained  so  that  he  was  able  to  lease  his  property 
on  good  terms.  In  1861  he  returned  to  his  native  country  for  a  visit  and  found 
his  parents  alive  and  well,  but  both  passed  away  the  following  year. 

Mr.  Finlayson  at  his  own  request  was  appointed  to  superintend  the  Hud- 
son's Bay  Company's  affairs  in  the  interior  of  the  island.  This  was  in  1862 
and  he  continued  in  that  position  until  he  retired  from  the  service  and  spent 
the  remainder  of  his  days  looking  after  his  private  interests.  In  1878  he  was 
elected  mayor  of  Victoria,  which  office  he  filled  for  one  term,  and  in  that  posi- 
tion, as  in  the  other  places  of  public  trust  which  he  had  filled,  he  made  an  excel- 
lent record. 


194  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

In  1849  Mf-  Finlayson  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Sarah  Work,  a  daugh- 
ter of  John  Work,  a  Hudson  Bay  factor  and  a  native  of  Ireland.  Mrs.  Finlay- 
son died  January  25,  1906,  having  for  fourteen  years  survived  her  husband. 
Their  family  consisted,  of  seven  daughters  and  four  sons.  No  history  of  the 
northwest  and  its  development  would  be  complete  without  reference  to  Roderick 
Finlayson,  who  as  a  representative  of  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  played  a 
most  active  and  important  part  in  the  development  of  this  section  of  the  country. 
As  the  years  passed  on  he  embraced  his  opportunities  for  judicious  investment 
and  became  one  of  Victoria's  wealthiest  and  most  prominent  citizens,  having 
accumulated  much  valuable  real  estate  in  and  near  the  city.  No  man  saw  more 
of  the  process  by  which  Victoria  and  the  province  grew  and  developed  than 
Mr.  Finlayson,  whose  attachment  to  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  made  him  a 
witness  of  all  that  pertained  to  the  welfare  and  upbuilding  of  the  northwest. 
He  was  beloved  and  respected  by  all,  so  that  his  death  was  a  blow  to  the  com- 
munity. The  news  of  his  demise  brought  a  sense  of  personal  bereavement 
to  many  of  the  homes  of  the  city  and  a  flag  on  the  city  hall  hung  at  half-mast, 
showing  that  one  of  the  leading  and  honored  residents  of  Victoria  had  passed 
awav. 


GEORGE  MEAD. 

George  Mead,  living  in  retirement  after  an  honorable  and  successful  business 
career  devoted  almost  entirely  to  the  barber's  trade,  is  numbered  among  the  pio- 
neers in  New  Westminster,  having  located  in  this  city  when  it  was  a  mere  village. 
He  was  born  in  Devizes,  Wiltshire,  England,  on  the  23d  of  September,  1848, 
and  is  a  son  of  James  and  Sarah  Mead,  both  of  whom  have  passed  away,  the 
father  dying  when  the  subject  of  this  review  was  still  an  infant. 

George  Mead  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  com- 
munity and  after  laying  aside  his  books  was  apprenticed  to  a  barber  and  hair 
dresser,  for  whom  he  worked  in  England  for  some  time.  In  1868,  however, 
he  crossed  the  Atlantic  and  settled  in  Toronto,  whence  after  one  year  he  went 
to  Orillia,  where  he  was  engaged  for  four  and  one-half  years  in  the  barber 
business.  In  1875  he  came  to  British  Columbia  and  took  up  his  residence  in 
Victoria,  where  for  fifteen  months  he  worked  in  the  old  San  Francisco  baths. 
From  Victoria  he  went  to  Nanaimo  and  in  1878  came  to  New  Westminster, 
being  accounted  one  of  the  earliest  residents  of  the  city.  For  twenty-two  years 
he  worked  at  his  trade  here,  his  ability  and  close  application  to  business  being 
eventually  rewarded  by  a  comfortable  competence  which  enabled  him  to  retire 
from  active  life.  In  the  early  days  he  purchased  twelve  acres  of  land  from 
the  White  estate  and  upon  this  engaged  for  some  time  in  raising  fruit.  When 
he  first  made  his  home  upon  it  the  tract  was  entirely  covered  with  a  heavy 
growth  of  timber  which  he  was  obliged  to  clear  before  beginning  the  work  of 
cultivation.  However,  he  afterward  made  it  a  very  valuable  property  and  a 
few  years  ago  sold  a  portion  of  it  for  a  large  sum  and  removed  to  his  present 
beautiful  home  at  Mead's  Station. 

On  July  28,  1872,  Mr.  Mead  married  Miss  Edwina  Louise  Mortimer,  a 
daughter  of  Dr.  Charles  and  Jane  Mortimer,  of  Aurora,  Ontario.  The  father 
was  a  surgeon  on  one  of  Nelson's  vessels  and  practiced  his  profession  until 
his  death.  His  wife  has  also  passed  away.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Mead  became  the 
parents  of  eight  children :  George  Mortimer,  who  lives  in  Valdez,  Alaska ; 
Fanny  Alberta  Mortimer,  now  Mrs.  F.  S.  De  Gray,  of  New  Westminster; 
Edwina  Louise,  who  married  N.  H.  McQuarrie;  Edith  Emily,  now  Mrs. 
Arnold ;  Alice  Edna,  Charles  Frederick  and  Arthur  Gordon,  all  of  whom  have 
passed  away;  and  Irene  May,  who  married  L.  R.  Alcock,  of  New  Westminster. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Mead  are  members  of  the  Church  of  England. 

Mr.  Mead  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order  and  keenly  interested  in  the 
affairs  of  that  organization.  Premier  Theodore  Davie  appointed  Mr.  Mead 


GEORGE  MEAD 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  197 

justice  of  the  peace  for  Richmond  and  Dewdney  Riding,  and  after  Sir  Richard 
became  premier  he  was  made  justice  of  the  peace  for  the  entire  province.  Dur- 
ing the  long  period  of  his  residence  here  he  has  gained  the  respect  and  esteem 
of  all  who  have  been  associated  with  him  and  he  is  today  regarded  as  one  of 
the  representative  and  deservedly  successful  citizens  of  New  Westminster,  on 
whose  list  of  pioneers  his  name  occupies  a  prominent  and  worthy  place. 


JOHN   BUCKLE  JARDINE. 

\;ew  Westminster  numbers  among  its  foremost  and  valued  citizens  |ohn 
Buckle  Jardine,  controlling  important  property  and  business  interests  in  the 
city  and  actively  identified  with  its  public  life.  During  the  twenty-three  years 
of  his  residence  here  his  interests  have  extended  to  many  lines  and  lie  has  put 
forth  effective  efforts  for  the  benefit  and  upbuilding  of  the  city,  cooperating 
heartily  in  movements  to  advance  the  general  welfare.  He  was  born  in  Camp- 
bellton,  New  Brunswick,  April  8,  1871,  and  is  a  son  of  John  and  Catherine 
(McNair)  Jardine.  the  former  a  native  of  Campbellton  and  the  latter  of  Jacquet 
River,  New  Brunswick.  They  spent  their  entire  lives  in  that  province,  the 
father  dying  in  1883  at  the  age  of  forty-five  and  the  mother  in  1895,  when  she 
was  fifty-two  years  of  age.  The  former  was  for  a  number  of  years  employed 
in  the  customs  service. 

John  Ruckle  Jardine  was  reared  at  home  and  acquired  his  education  in  the 
public  schools  of  his  native  ctiy.  In  1890,  when  he  was  nineteen  years  of  age, 
he  left  home  and  journeyed  to  the  west  coast  of  British  Columbia  by  way  of  the 
United  States.  On  the  way  he  spent  five  months  touring  through  the  western 
and  middle  western  states,  traveling  in  the  latter  section  when  the  prairies  were 
still  unfenced  and  the  cattle  industry  was  in  its  prime.  On  the  26th  of  Novem- 
ber, 1890,  he  arrived  in  New  Westminster  and  obtained  employment  in  the 
Royal  City  Mills,  with  which  he  was  connected  for  seventeen  years.  He  be- 
gan in  a  humble  capacity,  tallying  in  the  yards,  herding  the  Chinese  laborers 
and  driving  a  team,  but  his  ability  gained  for  him  rapid  advancement  and  he 
was  promoted  through  the  various  departments  of  the  concern,  severing  his 
connection  with  the  company  as  cashier  in  the  main  office. 

In  1900  Mr.  Jardine  married  Miss  Adelaide  Ewen,  a  daughter  of  Alexander 
Ewen,  proprietor  of  the  first  salmon  cannery  on  the  Eraser  river,  operating  a 
plant  of  this  character  on  the  present  site  of  the  Windsor  Hotel.  His  wife 
was  also  a  representative  of  a  pioneer  family  in  this  city  and  was  born  where 
the  Russell  Hotel  now  stands.  On  the  death  of  Mr.  Ewen,  in  1907,  Mr.  Jar- 
dine  and  John  Hendry  were  appointed  executors  of  his  will,  Mr.  Jardine  acting 
as  manager  of  the  estate,  which  was  closed  in  1910.  Since  that  time  Mr.  Jar- 
dine  has  devoted  his  time  largely  to  the  supervision  of  his  own  and  his  wife's 
extensive  property  interests,  which  he  has  managed  in  an  able  and  practical 
way  so  that  they  have  constantly  increased  in  value. 

New  Westminster  has  profited  greatly  by  Mr.  Jardine's  well  directed  efforts 
through  the  years,  not  only  in  the  field  of  business  but  along  political  lines  as 
well.  He  is  eminently  progressive  and  public-spirited  in  matters  of  citizenship 
and  an  active  factor  in  the  promotion  of  the  permanent  interests  of  the  com- 
munity. He  supports  the  liberal  party  and  was  elected  to  the  city  council  in 
1904,  serving  in  that  capacity  for  six  years  thereafter.  In  1913  he  was  again 
made  a  member  of  the  board  and  has  since  served,  having  accomplished  a  great 
deal  of  effective  work  in  the  line  of  reform,  progress  and  upbuilding.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  board  of  the  Royal  Agricultural  and  Industrial  Society,  and 
belongs  also  to  the  Westminster  Club.  His  fraternal  connections  are  with  the 
Knights  of  Pythias,  in  which  he  belongs  to  Royal  Lodge  No.  6,  and  with  the 
Masons.  In  this  latter  order  he  holds  membership  in  Union  Lodge,  No.  9, 
A.  F.  &  A.  M. ;  New  Westminster  Chapter,  No.  124,  R.  A.  M. :  Westminster 


198  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Preceptory,  No.  56,  K.  T. ;  and  Gizeh  Temple,  A.  A.  O.  N.  M.  S.,  of  Victoria. 
He  is  also  a  stockholder  in  the  Westminster  Trust  Company,  in  the  Crystal 
Dairy  Company  and  British  Columbia  Life  Insurance  Company,  these  and  many 
other  connections  indicating  something  of  the  scope  and  variety  of  his  interests. 
He  is  liberal  in  his  contributions  to  charity,  a  leader  in  all  progressive  public 
movements,  a  business  man  of  unusual  ability  and  foresight — a  worthy  repre- 
sentative of  the  type  of  citizen  upon  whom  the  present  stability  and  the  future 
greatness  of  the  city  rest, 
inhabitants. 


GEORGE  GORDON  BUSHBY. 

Vancouver  numbers  George  Gordon  Bushby  among  its  most  prominent  and 
progressive  citizens,  as  he  has  been  the  promoter  of  several  of  the  leading  busi- 
ness institutions  of  the  city.  He  is  today  Vancouver  manager  of  the  British 
Columbia  Marine  Railways  Company  and  of  the  British  Columbia  Salvage  Com- 
pany, as  well  as  president  of  the  Compressed  Gas  Company.  His  association 
with  any  enterprise  insures  a  prosperous  outcome  of  the  same,  for  it  is  in  his 
nature  to  carry  forward  to  successful  completion  the  projects  with  which  he 
is  associated.  He  has  earned  for  himself  an  enviable  reputation  as  a  careful 
man  of  business  and  in  bis  dealings  is  known  for  his  prompt  and  honorable 
methods,  which  have  won  for  him  the  deserved  and  unbounded  confidence  of  his 
fellowmen. 

Mr.  Bushby  is  a  representative  of.  one  of  the  most  prominent  and  noted 
families  in  British  Columbia  and  is  himself  a  native  son  of  the  province,  born 
in  New  Westminster,  January  24,  1867.  His  parents  were  Hon.  Arthur  Thomas 
and  Agnes  (Douglas)  Bushby,  the  former  born  in  England  and  the  latter  at 
Fort  Vancouver,  Washington,  the  old  Hudson's  Bay  fort.  The  father  came  to 
British  Columbia  in  1858,  making  the  journey  to  Victoria  by  way  of  the  isthmus 
of  Panama.  In  the  early  days  he  served  as  postmaster  general  of  British  Columbia, 
as  registrar  and  as  county  court  judge  and  at  his  death  in  1874  left  behind  him  a  rec- 
ord of  public  service  which  was  varied  in  its  activities  and  faultless  in  honor.  His 
wife,  who  is  a  daughter  of  the  late  Sir  James  Douglas,  now  makes  her  home 
at  Cheltenham. 

At  the  age  of  four  years  George  G.  Bushby  went  to  England  with  his  parents 
and  the  family  remained  abroad  for  six  months.  At  the  age  of  eight  he  again 
made  the  journey  to  Great  Britain,  going  around  the  Horn  on  the  Hudson's 
Bay  Company's  ship,  Lady  Lampson,  under  command  of  Captain  James  Gaudin. 
He  entered  Christ's  College,  Finchley,  England,  and  there  acquired  his  edu- 
cation, remaining  until  1883,  when  he  returned  to  America,  settling  in  Cali- 
fornia. He  was  for  one  year  a  student  in  the  State  University  and  at  the  end 
of  that  time  entered  the  Union  Iron  Works  in  San  Francisco,  where  he  served  a 
five  years'  apprenticeship  at  the  engineering  trade.  At  the  end  of  that  time 
he  returned  to  British  Columbia  and  here  entered  the  service  of  the  Dominion 
government  in  the  submarine  rock-drilling  department,  doing  a  great  deal  of 
valuable  work  in  the  improvement  of  Victoria  harbor.  At  that  time  he  was 
in  charge  of  the  construction  of  the  waterworks  plant  for  the  Williams  Head 
quarantine  station  and  gained  a  reputation  for  reliable  and  capable  work  in 
his  profession.  It  was  during  this  time  that  he  with  others  founded  the  British 
Columbia  Marine  Railways  Company,  which  was  then  called  the  Esquimalt  Marine 
Railway  Company.  In  1892  he  went  to  Esquimalt  and  there  remained  until  1900, 
when  the  company  constructed  a  marine  railway  in  Vancouver.  Mr.  Bushby 
then  came  to  this  city  as  local  manager  of  the  concern,  which  conducts  a  gen- 
eral dry-dock,  engineering  and  repairing  business.  Mr.  Bushby's  most  notable 
business  connection  at  the  present  time  is  with  the  British  Columbia  Marine  Rail- 
ways, of  which  he  is  local  manager.  To  his  enterprising  and  energetic  manage- 


GEOKGE  G.  BUSHBY 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  201 

ment  is  due  much  of  the  success  of  the  company.    The  British  Columbia  Marine 
Railways  are  engaged  in  shipbuilding  and  have  constructed  in  their  Esquimalt 
shipyard  the   steamers   Princess   Beatrice,    Princess   Royal   and   Lillooet.     They 
also  built  the  quarantine  station  vessel,  the  Madge  and  the  Casca,  the  celebrated 
Yukon  stern  wheeler,  Transfer  No.  3  for  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad,  and  are 
now  building   Transfer   No.   4.     They   have   recently   constructed   the    Princess 
Maquinna,  a  two  hundred  and  fifty  foot  steel  vessel,  for  the  Canadian  Pacific, 
the  largest  steel  vessel  built  on  the  Canadian  Pacific  coast.    The  British  Columbia 
Marine  Railways  is  one  of  Victoria's  most  important  industries,  and  since  being 
in  existence  they  have  done  practically  all  of  the  large  repair  jobs  on  steel  ves- 
sels on  the  coast.    The  business  enjoys  a  most  healthy  and  steady  growth  and  its 
gigantic  undertakings  result  in  gratifying  financial  returns.     Mr.  Bushby  is  also 
salvage  manager  of  the  British  Columbia  Salvage  Company,  which  was  organized 
in  1896.    This  company  has  salved  many  vessels  from  Alaska  to  Panama,  among 
them  the  Northwestern,  wrecked  near  Valdez ;  the  Marechien,  near  Juneau,  and 
the  Newport,  at  Balboa,  Panama.     Its  business  has  expanded  rapidly  until  the 
•concern  is  today  the  largest  ship  salvage  company  on  the  Pacific  coast  and  the 
fourth  largest  in  the  world.     It  owns  the  steamers  Salvor,  William  Joliffe  and 
Maude,   stationed   at  Esquimalt,   always   kept   under   steam,   being   prepared    to 
proceed  to  the  assistance  of  shipping  in  distress  on  a  moment's  notice.     The  com- 
pany is  in  close  connection  with  the  ports  of  the  world  and  controls  an  immense 
business  requiring  constant  supervision  and  systematic  management.  Mr.  Bushby 's 
position  as  a  director  of  its  destinies  calls  for  rare  tact,  administrative  ability 
and  organizing  power,  for  versatility,  keen  insight  and  quickness  of  decision — 
qualities  which  are  elements  in  his  character  and  upon  which  his  present  success 
is  founded.    He  possesses  untiring  energy,  is  quick  of  perception,  forms  his  plans 
readily  and  is  determined  in  their  execution,  and  his  close  application  to  business 
•and  his  excellent  management  have  brought  him  the  high  degree  of  prosperity 
which  is  his  today.     In  the  control  and  management  of  a  business  such  as  that 
with  which  he  is  connected  many  a  man  of   resolution,  courage   and   industry 
would  have  failed,  and  he  has  demonstrated  the  truth  of  the  saying  that  success 
is  not  the  result  of  chance  but  the  outcome  of  clear  judgment  and  discrimination. 
Mr.  Bushby   is   also   connected    with   the    Compressed    Gas   Company    of    Van- 
couver as  its  president.    This  concern  was  founded  in  the  spring  of  191 1  and  he  has 
since  that  date  held  executive  office.     They  deal  in  dissolved  acetylene  for  oxy- 
acetylene  welding,  automobiles,   boats,   railway  cars,   locomotive  headlights  and 
buoys.     They  also  manufacture  oxygen  for  oxy-acetylene  welding,  mine  rescue 
and  medicinal  purposes,  supplying  all  the  mines  in  Alberta  and  liritish  Columbia 
and  the  doctors  and  drug  stores.     Their  acetylene  is  also  used  for  cooking  and 
heating  purposes.     They  operate  the  Welding  Shop  and  manfacture  autogenous 
welding  and  cutting  appliances.    Moreover,  they  deal  in  Prest-o-lite  tanks,  Prest- 
o-tire tanks,  Prest-o-tire  tubes,  Prest-o-starters  and  automatic  lighters.      The  of- 
ficers of  this  company  are:   George  G.  Bushby,  president;  William  B.   Barwis, 
vice  president ;  James  Howard,  treasurer ;  Harry  G.  Allen,  manager.     They  con- 
trol an  important  and  growing  trade,  being  located  at  571    Howe  street,  Van- 
•couver,  with  works  at  1530  Hastings  street,  E. 

In  Victoria,  British  Columbia,  January  14,  1908,  Mr.  Bushby  was  united  in 
marriage  to  Miss  Violet  Brae,  a  native  of  England,  but  for  several  years  a  resident 
•of  Calgary,  Alberta.  They  are  the  parents  of  two  children,  Audrey  Violet  Annie 
•and  John  Sinclair. 

Mr.  Bushby  is  a  charter  and  life  member  of  the  Royal  Vancouver  Yacht 
Club  and  served  for  two  years  as  official  measurer  and  for  a  similar  period  of 
time  as  captain.  He  has  always  taken  a  great  interest  in  yachting  and  a  great 
many  of  his  leisure  hours  are  spent  in  this  recreation.  The  possessor  of  a  fine 
tenor  voice,  he  took  part  in  many  operatic  performances  and  in  concerts  given  at 
social  functions  in  Vancouver  and  Victoria  in  the  early  days  and  is  an  accom- 
plished musician.  A  man  of  force,  experience  and  capacity,  his  energies  have 
.been  almost  entirely  directed  to  the  field  of  business  and  in  this  line  he  has  won 


202  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

notable  and  unusual  success.  He  has  gained  wealth  to  some  extent,  yet  it  is  not 
alone  this  goal  for  which  he  has  striven,  for  he  belongs  to  that  class  of  repre- 
sentative citizens  who  promote  the  general  prosperity  while  advancing  their  indi- 
vidual interests. 


DAVID  ALEXANDER  McKEE. 

With  important  reclamation  projects  David  Alexander  McKee  has  been  identi- 
fied, and  his  labors  in  this  direction  have  been  of  far-reaching  benefit  and  value.  He 
was  for  a  number  of  years  engaged  in  farming  but  discontinued  the  active  work  of 
the  fields  in  1899  to  give  his  attention  to  development  projects.  He  was  born  at 
Cregagh,  Belfast,  Ireland,  April  3,  1859,  and  came  to  British  Columbia  by  way  of 
New  York  and  the  overland  route  to  San  Francisco  with  his  parents  in  1874,  when 
about  sixteen  years  of  age.  His  education  had  been  acquired  at  the  Rosetta  school  in 
County  Down,  Ireland,  and  after  becoming  identified  with  the  northwest  he  took 
up  the  occupation  of  farming,  which  he  followed  for  a  number  of  years.  As  time 
passed  on  he  brought  his  fields  under  a  high  state  of  cultivation,  employing  such 
modern  methods  as  resulted  in  making  his  land  productive  and  valuable.  While 
not  carrying  on  farm  work  at  the  present  time,  he  has  many  interests  pertaining 
thereto  and  in  addition  he  purchased  in  1911  about  eight  hundred  and  forty  acres 
of  land  on  Barnston  island  in  the  Fraser  river. 

The  whole  island,  consisting  of  about  fifteen  hundred  acres,  has  been  dyked  at 
at  a  cost  of  over  forty  thousand  dollars,  thus  bringing  into  cultivable  condition  some 
of  the  finest  agricultural  lands  in  British  Columbia.  Mr.  McKee  recognizes  the 
possibilities  along  those  lines  and  in  his  business  has  looked  beyond  the  exigencies 
of  the  moment  to  the  opportunities  of  the  future.  He  has  made  a  close  study  of  the 
best  methods  of  reclaiming  the  lands,  and  from  1908  until  1910,  inclusive,  he  was 
the  president  of  the  Delta  Agricultural  Society.  He  was  also  president  of  the 
Farmers'  Telephone  Company,  Limited,  for  the  year  1909-10  and  he  is  a  director 
of  the  Mutual  Fire  Insurance  Company  of  British  Columbia.  In  1913  he  was 
elected  president  of  the  Board  of  Trade,  in  which  connection  he  is  instituting  vari- 
ous new  measures  and  movements  for  public  benefit  along  the  lines  of  progressive 
development,  exploitation  and  the  adaptation  of  natural  resources  for  the  uses  of 
mankind. 

On  the  5th  of  September,  1900,  at  Hamilton.  Ontario,  Mr.  McKee  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Afargaret  Vallance,  a  daughter  of  James  and  Janet  Yallance, 
of  Hamilton.  In  politics  Mr.  McKee  is  a  conservative,  but  not  an  active  party 
worker  or  officeseeker.  He  belongs  to  the  Presbyterian  church,  in  which  he  has  long 
been  helpfully  interested,  serving  on  its  managing  board  for  about  eighteeen  years. 
He  is  alert,  energetic  and  resourceful,  and  as  time  has  passed  on  has  so  wisely  and 
intelligently  directed  his  efforts  that  his  position  among  successful  and  leading  busi- 
ness men  of  his  district  is  assured. 


THOMAS  CONNOR. 

Thomas  Connor  was  called  to  the  position  of  secretary  of  the  Retail  Mer- 
chants Association  of  British  Columbia  in  1910,  in  which  connection  important 
and  responsible  duties  devolved  upon  him.  His  long  experience  in  commercial 
fields  'has  given  him  knowledge  that  splendidly  qualifies  him  for  the  work  which 
he  lias  undertaken  in  promoting  trade  relations  of  the  country  and  promulgating 
methods  and  measures  which  shall  add  to  the  commercial  greatness  of  the 
northwest.  His  residence  in  Vancouver  dates  from  1905,  previous  to  which 
time  he  had  spent  five  years  in  Manitoba.  He  was  born  March  9,  1875,  in 
Madoc,  Hastings  county,  Ontario,  a  son  of  Thomas  and  Climena  Connor,  both 
of  whom  were  descendants  of  United  Empire  Loyalist  families. 


DAVID  A.  McKEE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  205 

In  the  public  and  high  schools  of  his  native  city  Thomas  Connor  pursued 
his  education.  His  family  owned  and  conducted  a  general  store  in  the  northern 
part  of  Hastings  county,  Ontario,  and  for  four  years  after  leaving  school  he 
assisted  in  the  conduct  of  the  business.  In  1893  the  family  removed  to  Picton, 
Prince  Edward  county,  and  there  Thomas  Connor  began  learning  the  contract- 
ing and  building  business.  For  twelve  years  the  family  home  was  maintained 
at  Picton,  during  which  period  Thomas  Connor  was  for  some  time  associated 
with  an  uncle,  Andrew  Irving,  an  architect  of  Picton.  His  identification  with 
the  west  dates  from  1897,  in  which  year  he  arrived  in  Winnipeg,  there  becom- 
ing associated  with  the  Winnipeg  branch  of  the  Canada  Cycle  Motor  Company 
of  Toronto,  Ontario,  as  their  credit  man.  He  occupied  that  position  for  six 
years,  when  he  went  to  southern  California  and  two  years  later,  in  1905,  came  to 
Vancouver.  For  about  three  and  a  half  years  he  was  credit  man  in  this  city 
for  the  British  America  Lives:ock  Association — which  has  since  merged  into 
the  British  Empire  Insurance  Company — following  one  year  as  credit  clerk 
vvith  Walter  F.  Evans  &  Company,  music  dealers.  In  the  fall  of  1911  he  was 
appointed  credit  man  for  the  joint  Retail  Association  of  Vancouver  and  the 
province,  and  six  months  later  was  appointed  to  his  present  position  as  secretary 
of  the  Retail  Merchants  Association  of  British  Columbia.  He  is  also  secretary 
of  the  Vancouver  Retail  Grocers  Association.  He  has  studied  every  phase  and 
question  concerning  trade  relations  in  the  Pacific  coast  country,  and  in  his 
present  connection  is  doing  much  to  further  mercantile  interests  in  his  adopted 
city  and  the  northwest. 

Fraternally  Mr.  Coynor  is  connected  with  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd 
Fellows.  He  belongs  also  to  the  Vancouver  Commercial  Club  and  is  a  director 
of  the  Progress  Club.  Enterprising,  wide-awake,  alert  and  energetic,  he  is  a 
typical  representative  of  the  northwest  and  one  whose  labors  are  constituting 
an  effective  force  in  shaping  the  history  of  this  section  of  the  country. 


ANDREW  McCREIGHT  CREERY. 

Andrew  McCreight  Creery,  manager  of  the  insurance  department  of  H. 
Bell-Irving  &  Company,  Ltd.,  and  by  virtue  of  this  position  and  the  force  of 
the  ability  by  which  he  achieved  it  a  power  in  business  circles  of  Vancouver, 
was  born  in  County  Down,  Ireland,  in  1863.  Pie  is  a  son  of  Andrew  and  Alice 
(Tate)  Creery,  both  of  whom  have  passed  away,  the  former  being  for  many 
/ears  rector  of  the  parish  of  Kilmore,  in  County  Down. 

In  the  acquirement  of  an  education  Andrew  McCreight  Creery  attended 
Foyle  College,  Londonderry,  and  Trinity  College,  Dublin,  graduating  from  the 
atter  institution  in  1886.  Two  years  later  he  came  to  Canada,  locating  near 
lalgary,  Alberta,  where  he  lived  until  1890,  in  which  year  he  came  to  British 
Columbia.  He  settled  in  Vancouver  and  shortly  after  turned  his  attention  to 
he  private  banking  business,  conducting  a  safe  and  reliable  concern  of  this 
character  under  the  name  of  Casement  &  Creery  from  1890  until  1894.  At  the 
>:nd  of  that  time  he  engaged  in  the  insurance  business,  becoming  rapidly  well 
known  and  prominent  in  that  field,  and  in  1900  entered  the  employ  of  H.  Bell- 
rving  &  Company,  Ltd.,  as  manager  of  the  insurance  department,  a  position 
'vhich  he  now  holds.  It  calls  for  a  power  of  control,  an  executive  force  and 
;.n  initiative  spirit  and  upon  his  possession  of  these  qualities  Mr.  Creery  has 
based  his  success,  the  affairs  of  his  department  being  in  excellent  condition  and 
proving  steadily  more  profitable  and  important.  He  is  a  far-sighted,  discrimi- 
nating and  able  business  man  and  is  giving  the  best  that  is  in  him  to  the  com- 
pany which  he  serves,  the  growth  of  his  special  department  being  in  a  large 
measure  due  to  him. 

In  England,  in  1891,  Mr.  Creery  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Anna 
Hulbert  and  they  have  become  the  parents  of  six  children,  Irene  Anna,  Kenneth 


206  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Andrew,  Cuthbert  John,  Ronald  Hulbert,  Leslie  Charles  and  Wallace  Bour- 
chier.  Mr.  Creery  was  for  a  number  of  years  a  member  of  the  Vancouver 
Rowing  Club  and  formerly  was  active  and  skilful  in  tennis,  football  and  cricket,. 
sports  to  which  he  gave  a  great  deal  of  time  and  attention.  He  is  connected 
fraternally  with  Western  Gate.  Lodge,  No.  48,  G.  R.  B.  C.,  of  which  he  is  serv- 
ing as  master,  and  he  is  a  past  first  principal  of  Royal  Arch  Chapter,  No.  98,  G.  R. 
C.  He  belongs  to  the  Vancouver  and  the  Jericho  Country  Clubs  and  his  religious 
views  are  in  accord  with  the  doctrines  of  the  Church  of  England.  He  is  public- 
spirited  and  progressive  in  matters  of  citizenship  and  gives  his  hearty  coopera- 
tion to  every  movement  which  tends  to  promote  the  moral,  intellectual  or  mate- 
rial welfare  of  the  community. 


WILLIAM  GEORGE  GILLETT. 

Since  1910  William  George  Gillett  has  made  Vancouver  the  head  of  his  oper- 
ations as  general  contractor,  coming  here  from  Nelson,  in  which  town  he  was  one 
of  the  greatest  forces  for  development  and  one  of  its  real  builders.  Enjoying  the 
highest  reputation  professionally,  it  is  but  natural  that  larger  and  larger  contracts, 
should  have  come  to  him,  among  which  may  be  mentioned  the  building  of  the 
largest  bridge  across  the  Columbia  river  at  Revelstoke,  the  building  of  the  Van- 
couver arena  and  some  of  the  greatest  government  wharfs.  Mr.  Gillett  is  at 
present  largely  engaged  along  the  last  mentioned  line  m  the  northern  part  of 
British  Columbia.  As  high  as  his  reputation  stands  as  a  contractor,  he  is  renowned 
for  a  fact  which  he  values  still  more  highly,  and  that  is  that  he  cares  for  his  men  and 
their  lives  as  for  his  own  and  he  never  allows  them  to  take  any  unnecessary  risks. 
It  is  most  notable  that  in  building  the  Columbia  River  bridge  and  the  great  Van- 
couver Arena  not  one  life  was  lost  from  the  beginning  of  the  operations  until  the 
works  were  completed.  This  remarkable  record  of  Mr.  Gillett  throws  much  light 
upon  his  humane  nature  and  makes  his  character  one  which  makes  him  beloved  by- 
all  men. 

William  George  Gillett  was  born  at  Twillingate,  Newfoundland,  December  6, 
1870,  a  son  of  George  and  Ann  (Whitehorn)  Gillett,  both  natives  of  that  colony. 
The  grandfathers  on  both  sides  came,  as  many  of  the  other  settlers  there,  from  the 
western  part  of  England.  George  Gillett,  the  father  of  our  subject,  still  resides 
at  Twillingate,  where  for  many  years  he  has  been  engaged  in  general  merchandising: 
and  is  highly  respected. 

In  the  acquirement  of  his  education  Mr.  Gillett  attended  public  school  in  his- 
native  town,  beginning  his  independent  career  at  the  age  of  fifteen  while  gaining 
some  knowledge  of  the  carpenter's  trade.  He  worked  along  this  line  of  occu- 
pation in  Twillingate  until  nearly  twenty-one  years  of  age,  when  he  removed  to 
Boston,  engaging  in  carpentering  there  for  two  months  before  coming  to  Vic- 
toria, where  he  arrived  in  January,  1891.  In  addition  to  his  trade  he  here  en- 
gaged also  in  fur  sealing  on  the  coast,  being  so  occupied  during  the  sealing  season 
for  three  years.  In  1895  he  made  removal  to  Rossland,  British  Columbia,  being 
there  during  the  boom  days,  when  much  building  was  undertaken.  He  continued 
following  his  trade  but  also  began  to  take  on  contracts,  which  he  carried  to  suc- 
cessful completion.  It  was  here  that  he  made  his  first  step  into  the  contracting 
business.  In  April,  1897,  Mr.  Gillett  went  to  Nelson,  engaging  in  contracting 
only.  He  has  ever  since  confined  his  efforts  to  that  line.  While  there,  however, 
he  also  operated  a  sash  and  door  factory.  It  was  in  Nelson  that  he  first  took  an. 
active  part  in  politics.  He  was  and  is  still  today  a  liberal,  but  a  liberal  with  some- 
what original  and  independent  ideas  who  does  not  blindly  indorse  every  party  rec- 
ommendation. In  1901  Mr.  Gillett  was  elected  alderman  for  the  east  ward  and, in- 
1905  again  served  the  same  constituents.  In  the  latter  part  of  1905  John  Huston, 
the  mayor,  suddenly  left  Nelson  and  upon  his  departure  the  council  appointed 


WILLIAM   G.   GILLETT 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  209 

vlr.  Gillett  acting  mayor  for  the  remainder  of  the  term.  At  the  election  of  1906 
he  new  mayor  and  entire  council  were  elected  and  again  in  1907.  Under  the 
;,Tiidance  of  Mayor  Gillett  and  this  council  many  works  of  vital  importance  to 
kelson  were  executed.  The  large  hydro-electric  power  plant  was  built  at  a  cost 
nf  three  hundred  thousand  dollars  under  his  regime  and  it  is  still  the  pride  of 
i  he  city.  It  was  in  1906  that  Nelson  took  over  the  defunct  street  railway,  which 
had  permitted  its  charter  to  expire,  and  conducted  it  as  a  public  utility.  This  street 
lailway  is  of  particular  interest  and  unusual  efforts  have  been  made  to  maintain 
in  because  it  is  the  only  street  railway  in  the  interior  of  British  Columbia.  When 
the  San  Francisco  disaster  occurred,  Mayor  Gillett's  energies  were  again  tested 
when  he  and  the  council,  acting  on  behalf  of  the  city,  started  a  fund  for  the  suf- 
ferers. They  worked  through  all  that  night,  securing  large  contributions  from 
tie  citizens  and  packing  a  car  load  of  supplies  to  be  shipped  at  the  earliest  possible 
i  loment.  The  expense  of  the  shipment  was  paid  out  of  the  large  fund  made  up 
ind  a  comfortable  sum  was  left  which  was  forwarded  in  the  form  of  cash.  This 
aid  from  Nelson  was  the  first  contribution  from  Canada  to  reach  the  San  Fran- 
cisco sufferers.  Mr.  Gillett  also  was  chairman  of  the  managing  committee  of  the 
i  iterior  liberal  district  council  and  in  that  capacity  had  charge  of  the  appointment 
c  f  the  organizer  for  the  district.  He  was  on  the  executive  of  the  Board  of  Trade 
and  while  mayor  of  the  city  entertained  for  five  clays  His  Excellency,  Earl  Grey, 
governor  general  of  Canada,  and  his  party. 

During  his  stay  in  Nelson  Mr.  Gillett  built  the  beautiful  marble  courthouse 
aid  the  handsome  marble  and  granite  edifice  of  the  Trinity  Methodist  church. 
He  was  a  trustee  and  most  active  member  of  that  church  for  several  years  and 
was  also  a  director  of  the  Kootenay  Lake  General  Hospital  for  ten  years.  Dur- 
ing one  year  of  his  building  operations  in  Nelson,  Mr.  Gillett  erected  twenty-seven 
buildings,  which  statement  gives  an  idea  of  the  magnitude  of  his  undertakings. 

In  August,  1910,  seeking  a  broader  field  of  operation,  Mr.  Gillett  came  to  Van- 
couver. He  built  in  that  same  year  the  Columbia  River  bridge  at  Revelstoke  for 
the  provincial  government.  This  is  one  of  the  largest  bridges  across  the  Columbia. 
In  the  same  year  he  also  built  a  railroad  approach,  six  thousand  and  ten  feet  long, 
o/erthe  mud  flats  at  the  head  of  the  Portland  canal,  for  the  Northeastern  Short 
Line  Railroad.  At  the  same  place  he  built  a  wharf  of  fifty-three  hundred  feet 
for  the  Dominion  government.  These  two  works,  each  more  than  a  mile  in  length 
a  id  built  entirely  of  wood,  are  masterpieces  of  their  kind  of  construction  and 
recognized  as  such  by  the  profession.  Mr.  Gillett  was  the  contractor  for  the 
mammoth  Vancouver  Arena  skating,  curling  and  hockey  rink,  which  is  the  largest 
and  most  costly  arena  built  for  these  uses  on  the  American  continent,  having  a 
stating  capacity  of  ten  thousand,  five  hundred  people.  The  size  of  the  building 
is  two  hundred  by  three  hundred  and  thirty  feet.  It  was  the  first  artificial  ice  rink 
ever  built  in  Canada  and  is  of  semi-fireproof  construction.  Its  cost  of  erection  was 
t\  'o  hundred  and  eighty-fi\e  thousand  dollars.  Actual  work  was  begun  August 
1. 1911,  and  the  rink  was  opened  to  the  public  on  December  aoth  of  the  same  year. 
Trierewere  two  hundred  and  thirty-two  men  employed  on  the  work  and  the  build- 
ing was  completed  without  injury  to  a  man.  Although  the  number  employed  was 
not  so  large  in  building  the  Columbia  River  bridge,  this  work  was  finished  with 
the  same  remarkable  record.  Mr.  Gillett  values  the  lives  of  his  workmen  as  he 
does  his  own  and  never  permits  them  to  take  risks  that  can  be  avoided.  He  has 
always  steadfastly  adhered  to  this  rule  with  the  result  that  it  is  seldom  that  an- 
accident  occurs  in  his  building  operations.  Since  leaving  Nelson  in  1910  he  has 
made  Vancouver  his  home,  and  upon  completing  the  arena  his  work  has  been 
largely  confined  to  northern  British  Columbia,  where  he  principally  engages  in 
the  building  of  wharfs  for  the  Dominion  government.  Since  April,  1913,  he  has 
been  principally  engaged  with  building  numerous  government  wharfs  on  the  Queen 
Charlotte  islands. 

On  December  7,  1892,  at  Twillingate,  Newfoundland,  Mr.  Gillett  was  married 
to  Miss  Susan  Elizabeth  Young,  who  died  in  Nelson,  February  8,  1908.  On  April 
ic,  1909,  Mr.  Gillett  married,  at  Rossland,  British  Columbia,  Miss  A.  Beatrice 


210  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Hobbs,   of     Brandon,   Manitoba,  and  to  them  two   daughters  have   been   born, 
Margery  Beatrice  and  Georgia  Vivian. 

Mr.  Gillett  is  well  known  in  fraternal  circles,  being  a  member  of  Nelson 
Lodge,  No.  23,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  a  charter  member  and  recording  secretary 
of  the  Loyal  Orange  Lodge  at  Nelson.  The  importance  of  his  work  in  opening 
the  resources  of  the  province  to  the  world  can  hardly  be  estimated  today,  and  in 
that  relation  he  must  be  considered  one  of  the  most  useful  men  in  British  Columbia. 
He  is  patriotic  to  the  core,  ever  interested  in  worthy  public  enterprises,  and  consid- 
ers the  general  welfare  as  of  greater  importance  than  individual  prosperity.  It  is, 
however,  but  natural  that  financial  independence  has  come  to  Mr.  Gillett  as  the 
result  of  his  extensive  operations,  which  were  ever  guided  by  extraordinary  execu- 
tive ability  and  good  judgment,  and  it  is  therefore  not  surprising  that  he  is  to  be 
counted  today  among  the  most  substantial  men  of  the  city  and  province.  He  en- 
joys to  a  great  extent  the  good-will  and  confidence  of  the  public,  the  government, 
those  who  employ  him  and  especially  those  whom  he  employs  and  for  whose 
safety  he  feels  as  responsible  as  a  father.  It  is  this  trait  of  his  character  which 
stands  out  above  all  else  and  begets  general  admiration. 


JOSEPH  HENLEY. 

Prominent  among  the  older  business  men  of  New  Westminster  is  Joseph 
Henley,  who  for  over  twenty-five  years  has  been  engaged  in  the  manufacture 
of  soda  water  in  this  city.  Moreover,  he  has  held  government  positions  of 
trust  and  for  many  years  has  served  as  alderman  of  his  city,  being  connected 
with  important  committees.  Born  in  the  county  of  Woburn,  Bedfordshire, 
England,  on  March  27,  1855,  he  is  a  son  of  George  and  Mary  Ann  (Cook) 
Henley,  both  natives  of  that  county,  where  they  passed  their  entire  lives.  The 
father  was  head  gamekeeper  for  the  duke  of  Bedford. 

Joseph  Henley  was  reared  and  educated  in  London,  attending  private  schools 
until  sixteen  years  of  age,  when  he  came  to  Canada,  locating  in  British  Colum- 
bia. He  took  the  water  route,  going  via  the  West  Indies  to  Aspinwall,  pro- 
ceeding from  Aspinwall  to  the  isthmus  of  Panama  and  thence  to  the  Pacific 
coast,  reaching  San  Francisco  on  the  day  following  the  earthquake  of  1871. 
However,  he  did  not  stop  in  that  city  but  proceeded  northward,  finally  reach- 
ing Victoria,  which  city  was  destined  to  be  his  home  for  sixteen  years.  For 
several  years  of  that  period  he  was  variously  employed  but  subsequently  en- 
gaged in  the  bakery  business  independently,  his  efforts  being  attended  with 
success.  In  1887  he  came  to  New  Westminster  and  established  himself  in  the 
soda  water  business  on  Front  street,  subsequently  building  a  factory  on  Cun- 
ningham street,  which  was,  however,  destroyed  by  the  great  conflagration  of 
1898.  He  then  moved  to  his  present  location,  building  his  factory  at  No.  717 
Princess  street,  near  his  residence,  which  is  located  at  No.  615  Eighth  street. 
Mr.  Henley  has  built  up  a  gratifying  business,  enjoying  a  steady  and  profitable 
demand  for  his  goods.  During  the  summer  seasons  he  employs  four  men  and 
even  during  the  winter  months  keeps  three  hands  at  work.  The  years  have 
brought  prosperity  to  him  and  there  is  no  one  in  New  Westminster  who  is 
more  entitled  to  the  success  that  has  come  to  him  than  Joseph  Henley. 

In  May,  1880,  in  Victoria,  Mr.  Henley  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Mary  Field,  a  native  of  Oregon,  and  to  this  union  were  born  three  children: 
Mary  Louise,  the  wife  of  Thackerous  Oddy,  of  New  Westminster;  Joseph 
Leonard  Jr.,  who  is  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  shingles  in  the  state  of 
Washington;  and  Mabel,  deceased.  Mrs.  Henley  passed  away  in  1899  and 
in  1903  Mr.  Henley  was  again  married,  his  second  union  being  with  Miss 
Jennie  Stewart  McColm,  of  New  Westminster,  but  a  native  of  _  Fergus,  Ontario. 

When  a  young  man  of  but  eighteen  years  Mr.  Henley  joined  the  Boys' 
Volunteer  Fire  Department  of  Victoria  and  when  these  youths  reached  their 


JOSEPH  HENLEY 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  213 

twentieth  year  they  were  taken  into  the  Men's  Volunteer  Fire  Department. 
Our  subject  continued  in  the  service  for  fourteen  years,  or  until  he  left  the  city, 
having  become  second  lieutenant  of  the  department  in  later  years.  In  1888, 
after  the  Hyacks  (which  was  the  name  of  the  volunteer  fire  department  of 
New  Westminster)  disbanded,  a  new  company  was  organized  and  Mr.  Henley 
was  chosen  as  its  captain.  While  in  Victoria  Mr.  Henley  also  served  three  years 
in  the  militia  under  Captains  Vintor  and  Roscoe.  He  is  also  prominent  in  the 
Masonic  order,  being  a  member  of  King  Solomon  Lodge,  Xo.  17,  A.  F.  &  A. 
M.,  and  of  the  Grand  Chapter,  R.  A.  M.  For  twenty-five  years  he  has  been 
connected  with  the  Ancient  Order  of  Foresters  and  the  Westminster  Club  also 
carries  his  name  on  its  roster.  Among  other  organizations  he  belongs  to  the 
Fraternal  Order  of  Eagles,  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen,  and  is  a 
member  of  Royal  Lodge,  No.  6,  K.  P.,  having  served  as  secretary  of  this  lodge 
for  the  past  six  years.  Both  he  and  his  wife  are  devout  members  of  the  Pres- 
oyterian  church.  Mr.  Henley  gives  his  political  support  to  the  conservative 
Darty  and  in  1902  was  appointed  by  the  provincial  government  license  commis- 
sioner of  New  Westminster,  serving  for  two  years.  Being  elected  alderman 
it  that  time,  he  was  then  forced  to  resign  the  former  position,  as  he  could  not 
lold  two  offices,  and  with  the  exception  of  one  year  has  since  continuously 
•served  on  the  city  council  for  a  period  of  nine  years.  He  has  been  chairman 
)f  the  board  of  public  works  and  for  the  past  two  years  chairman  of  the  board 
of  fire  and  market  and  has  done  valuable  work  in  committee  rooms  and  on  the 
open  floor  in  promoting  measures  which  have  proven  of  much  benefit  to  the 
<ity.  A  man  who  fully  realizes  the  obligations  of  citizenship,  Joseph  Henley 
r,an  always  be  found  among  those  who  are  not  chary  in  their  support  of  worthy 
public  enterprises.  A  record  of  twenty-five  years  of  continuous  business  enter- 
prise stands  to  his  credit  and  assures  him  of  a  foremost  place  among  the  busi- 
ness men  of  New  Westminster. 


WILLIAM   STEARNE  DEACON. 

Public  opinion  passes  favorable  judgment  upon  William  Stearne  Deacon 
both  as  barrister  and  as  citizen.  Moreover,  in  Vancouver,  the  city  of  his  resi- 
<  ence,  he  has  gained  many  friends  as  well  as  a  liberal  clientage.  He  was  born 
ii  Bothwell,  Ontario,  January  i,  1871,  a  son  of  the  Rev.  Daniel  and  Maria 
Helen  (Ball)  Deacon,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of  Ontario.  The  father, 
c  n  whom  had  been  conferred  the  Master  of  Arts  degree,  was  rector  of  the 
Anglican  church  at  Bothwell,  whence  he  removed  to  Stratford,  Ontario,  where 
he  was  rector  of  St.  Paul's  church  for  many  years.  He  now  resides  in  Strat- 
ford, but  the  mother  is  deceased. 

After  attending  the  Stratford  Collegiate  Institute  at  Stratford,  Ontario,  Wil- 
liam S.  Deacon  prepared  for  the  practice  of  law  as  a  student  in  Osgoode  Hall, 
from  which  he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1894.  The  same  year  he  was 
c  died  to  the  bar  of  Ontario  and  engaged  in  practice  in  Stratford  for  a  short 
t  me.  In  1895  he  came  to  Vancouver  and  was  admitted  to  practice  in  the 
courts  of  this  province  in  that  year.  He  joined  the  firm  of  Harris,  Macneill  & 
Deacon  and  within  a  brief  period  had  given  ample  demonstration  of  his  ability 
in  law  practice.  In  1896  he  opened  offices  at  Rossland,  British  Columbia,  in 
partnership  with  A.  H.  Macneill,  K.  C.,  continuing  in  practice  there  until  1904. 
I  i  the  spring  of  that  year  he  returned  to  Vancouver  and  became  a  partner  in 
the  firm  of  McCaul,  Deacon  &  Deacon.  Subsequent  changes  in  the  partnership 
lid  to  the  adoption  of  the  firm  style  of  Wade,  Deacon  &  Deacon  and  since  the 
retirement  of  F.  C.  Wade,  K.  C.,  the  firm  has  been  known  as  Deacon,  Deacon 
&  Wilson,  with  William  S.  Deacon  as  senior  partner.  His  success  has  been 
continuous,  owing  to  his  developing  powers  and  broadening  experience. 


214  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Mr.  Deacon  was  married  at  Stratford,  Ontario,  in  1900,  to  Miss  Caroline 
M.  Fraser,  eldest  daughter  of  the  late  Dr.  D.  M.  Eraser,  one  of  the  best  known 
pioneer  physicians  of  western  Ontario.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Deacon  have  five  chil- 
dren, George  Stearne,  Donald  Fraser,  William  Stearne,  Jr.,  Martin  Ledwith 
and  Caroline  M.  The  family  attend  St.  Paul's  church,  in  which  Mr.  Deacon 
holds  membership,  and  he  belongs  also  to  the  Vancouver  Club.  In  politics  he 
is  a  conservative  and  has  been  active  for  the  advancement  of  the  party  but  has 
never  desired  office.  His  ambition  has  been  in  the  strict  path  of  his  profession 
and  his  close  conformity  to  a  high  standard  of  professional  ethics  has  won  for 
him  the  highest  regard  of  his  professional  brethren. 


HAROLD  WORSLEY  EBBS  CANAVAN. 

Harold  Worsley  Ebbs  Canavan,  of  the  firm  of  Canavan  &  Mitchell,  consult- 
ing engineers,  and  one  of  the  best  known  and  most  able  representatives  of  his ' 
profession  in  British  Columbia  and  the  Yukon,  was  born  in  Toronto,  Ontario, 
November  25,  1867,  and  is  a  son  of  William  Birch  and  Elizabeth  Blanche  (Eas- 
taff)  Canavan,  of  Winnipeg.  The  father  was  for  many  years  a  prominent  bar- 
rister in  that  city,  but  is  deceased. 

Harold  Canavan  acquired  his  education  in  the  pubic  schools  of  Toronto  and 
in  collegiate  institute  in  that  city.  During  the  entire  course  of  his  active  career 
he  has  been  engaged  in  civil  engineering,  each  year  bringing  him  increased  prom- 
inence in  his  chosen  field.  He  has  done  a  great  deal  of  important  work  in  Alaska 
and  from  1893  to  1896  served  as  a  member  of  the  first  Alaska  Boundary  Com- 
mission. Since  1897  he  has  been  in  private  professional  practice  in  the  Yukon 
territory  and  in  British  Columbia,  making  his  home  in  Victoria,  where  his  ability 
is  recognized  and  honored  in  business  and  professional  circles.  In  1911  he 
entered  into  partnership  with  A.  K.  Mitchell  under  the  firm  name  of  Canavan 
&  Mitchell,  and  they  control  today  an  important  patronage  as  consulting  engi- 
neers, making  a  specialty  of  examinations  and  reports  and  all  matters  pertain- 
ing to  irrigation,  drainage,  hydro-electric  development,  waterworks,  sewerage 
and  sewage  disposal,  besides  being  also  well  known  as  supervisors  of  construction. 

In  Victoria,  on  the  7th  of  November,  1904,  Mr.  Canavan  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Frances  Alice  Clarke,  a  daughter  of  Captain  Frank  I.  and  Frances 
A.  Clarke,  the  former  of  whom  took  an  active  part  in  the  Red  River  expedition 
under  General  Wolseley  and  was  for  a  number  of  years  connected  with  the 
provincial  bureau  of  information.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Canavan  have  three  children: 
Worsley  F.,  Mary  F.,  and  Blanche  E. 

Mr.  Canavan  gives  his  political  allegiance  to  the  conservative  party  and  is 
connected  fraternally  with  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and  the 
Benevolent  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Canadian  Society 
of  Civil  Engineers  and  belongs  to  the  Pacific,  the  Union  and  the  Canadian 
Clubs,  being  well  known  in  social  and  professional  circles. 


PETER  PEEBLES. 

Peter  Peebles,  well  known  as  a  representative  of  real-estate  activity  in  New 
Westminster,  was  born  in  Dairy,  Kirkcudbrightshire,  Scotland,  October  5,  1860, 
a  son  of  Thomas  and  Jane  McKenzie  (Murie)  Peebles,  both  of  whom  were 
natives  of  Perthshire.  The  father  was  a  dealer  in  wood  and  an  able,  capable 
business  man  who  died  at  the  comparatively  early  age  of  thirty-six  years. 

Peter  Peebles  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Scotland  and  pursued 
a  course  in  the  Dundee  Technical  School  of  Dundee,  Scotland,  where  he  learned 
the  builder's  trade.  In  1882  he  came  to  Canada  and  after  spending  a  year  in 


HAROLD  W.  E.  CANAVAN 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  217 

Winnipeg  made  his  way  westward  to  British  Columbia  to  work  on  the  Onder- 
donk  contract  as  a  sub-contractor  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  being  con- 
nected with  the  contracts  of  that  part  of  the  road  extending  from  Kamloops 
to  Port  Moody.  There  are  today  but  few  men  living  that  worked  on  that  con- 
tract. Following  the  completion  of  the  road  Mr.  Peebles  continued  as  a  build- 
ing contractor  until  1907  and  built  up  a  good  business  in  that  connection,  his 
efforts  being  an  element  in  general  improvement  and  progress  in  the  districts 
in  which  he  labored.  Since  that  time  he  has  been  engaged  in  the  real-estate 
business  and  is  acknowledged  an  expert  as  a  real-estate  valuator  and  that  branch 
of  his  business  is  most  important  and  has  made  him  well  known.  He  has  also 
negotiated  many  real-estate  transfers  and  his  opinions  have  largely  become 
accepted  as  authority  upon  matters  pertaining  to  the  real-estate  market  in  New 
Westminster. 

In  1886  Mr.  Peebles  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Angusta  Grant,  of  New 
Westminster,  a  daughter  of  Captain  Angus  Grant,  who  was  the  first  captain 
of  the  government  snag  boat  Sampson.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Peebles  have  become 
the  parents  of  six  children-:  Jane  Murie,  who  is  a  teacher  in  the  city  schools; 
Catherine  Grant,  the  wife  of  Guy  D.  Cookson,  yard  foreman  of  the  Fraser 
Mills  at  Mill  Site;  Peter  Grant,  residing  in  Salem,  Oregon;  and  Mary  Evange- 
line,  Angusta  Brownie  and  Allan,  all  at  home. 

Mr.  Peebles  is  one  of  the  leaders  of  the  conservative  party  in  this  section  of 
the  province,  doing  all  in  his  power  to  promote  its  growth  and  insure  its 
success.  He  is  a  member  of  King  Solomon  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M. ;  Royal  Lodge, 
No.  6,  K.  of  P.;  and  the  Loyal  Order  of  Moose.  The  cause  of  education  also 
finds  in  him  a  stanch  champion.  For  six  years  he  has  been  one  of  the  trustees  of 
the  Westminster  schools  and  is  one  of  the  founders  of  the  School  Trustees  Asso- 
ciation of  British  Columbia.  He  is  a  past  president  and  life  member  of  the  asso- 
ciation and,  recognizing  education  to  be  one  of  the  bulwarks  of  the  nation,  he 
has  done  everything  in  his  power  to  promote  the  cause  of  public  instruction. 


ANDREW  THOMPSON  BROWN. 

Andrew  Thompson  Brown,  founder  and  half-owner  of  the  Vulcan  Iron  Works 
in  Vancouver,  is  numbered  among  the  well  known  and  prominent  business  men  of 
this  city,  his  wise  management  and  the  capable  control  of  his  interests  winning 
him  a  most  gratifying  measure  of  success.  He  was  born  in  Glasgow,  Scotland, 
September  23,  1875,  and  is  a  son  of  John  and  Mary  Brown,  representatives  of 
old  Scotch  families. 

The  public  schools  of  his  native  city  afforded  Andrew  T.  Brown  his  educa- 
tional opportunities  and  he  was  afterward  a  student  at  a  normal  school  at  Glas- 
gow for  two  years,  spending  at  the  same  time  one-half  of  each  day  engaged  in 
teaching.  In  1891  he  started  in  the  engineering  business  in  a  locomotive  shop  in 
Glasgow,  remaining  there  until  his  apprenticeship  expired  in  1896,  when  he  began 
his  independent  career  as  a  journeyman  engineer.  Eventually  he  sailed  out  of 
Glasgow  as  a  marine  engineer  on  Patsy  Henderson's  boats,  going  to  Rangoon, 
Burma,  India,  and  in  this  connection  remained  for  about  two  years.  At  the  end 
of  that  time  he  obtained  employment  in  the  marine  engineering  shops  on  the 
Clyde,  Scotland.  .In  1900  he  crossed  the  Atlantic  to  Canada,  settling  in  the  same 
year  in  Calgary,  Alberta.  There  he  was  employed  by  the  Canadian  Pacific  Rail- 
way as  a  machinist  for  about  two  years,  coming  in  1902  to  Vancouver,  British 
Columbia.  Immediately  afterward  he  went  to  sea  as  a  marine  engineer  on  the 
Empress  of  India  and  he  held  this  position  for  two  years,  after  which  he  returned 
to  British  Columbia,  settling  in  Surrey,  where  from  1904  to  1911  he  did  capable 
and  efficient  work  as  foreman  in  a  shingle  mill.  In  the  latter  year  he  took  up  his 
residence  in  Vancouver  and  formed  a  partnership  with  J.  M.  McLaren,  with 
whom  he  does  business  under  the  name  of  the  Vulcan  Iron  Works.  Their  equip- 


218  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

ment  is  complete  and  the  enterprise  has  grown  rapidly,  a  great  deal  of  the  credit 
for  its  remarkable  prosperity  being  due  to  Mr.  Brown's  ability,  initiative  spirit 
and  excellent  management. 

On  the  ist  of  December,  1902,  in  Vancouver,  Mr.  Brown  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Isa  Henderson,  a  daughter  of  T.  B.  and  Mary  Henderson,  the  former 
for  many  years  a  resident  of  Chilliwack,  British  Columbia,  who  lives  now  retired. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Brown  are  the  parents  of  one  son,  Stanley. 

Mr.  Brown  is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian  church  and  is  connected  frater- 
nally with  St.  Andrew  Lodge,  No.  465,  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  Glasgow,  and  with  the 
order  of  Hoo  Hoos.  In  Scotland  he  was  for  three  years  a  member  of  the  Medi- 
cal Corps  of  the  Volunteers  of  Glasgow.  He  gives  his  political  allegiance  to  the 
conservative  party  and  is  a  public-spirited  and  progressive  citizen,  although  he 
has  never  sought  public  office.  Early  coming  to  a  realization  of  the  fact  that 
success  in  any  business  must  come  as  the  legitimate  and  logical  result  of  well 
directed  effort  and  intelligently  applied  labor,  he  has  made  perseverance,  dili- 
gence and  integrity  the  guiding-posts  of  his  life,  which  have  brought  him  to  the 
creditable  place  which  he  now  occupies  in  business  circles. 


COLONEL  RICHARD  WOLFENDEN,  I.  S.  O.,  V.  D. 

Colonel  Richard  Wolfenden,  whose  demise  occurred  in  Victoria  in  1911,  was 
long  a  prominent  and  influential  citizen  of  the  province,  holding  the  honorable 
position  of  Queen's  and  King's  printer  for  British  Columbia  during  nearly  a  half 
century.  1  le  likewise  acted  as  controller  of  stationery  for  the  province  and  was 
one  of  Victoria's  honored  pioneers,  having  been  identified  with  the  city  from  the 
time  of  its  incorporation.  His  birth  occurred  in  Rathmel,  Yorkshire,  England, 
on  the  2Oth  of  March,  1836,  and  he  was  the  third  son  of  Robert  and  Mary  (Frank- 
land)  Wolfenden,  likewise  natives  of  that  country.  They  were  farming  people 
and  their  lives  were  in  consistent  harmony  with  their  professions  as  members  of 
the  Church  of  England. 

Richard  Wolfenden  obtained  his  education  in  the  schools  of  Lancashire  and 
Westmoreland  and  in  1855  became  a  member  of  the  Royal  Engineers.  Three 
years  later  he  was  one  of  the  party  of  one  hundred  and  fifty  of  the  Royal  Engi- 
neers who  made  the  voyage  around  the  Horn  to  British  Columbia.  There  was 
still  no  settlement  on  the  mainland,  and  Victoria  bore  small  resemblance  to  the 
present  thriving  city,  the  fort  of  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  being  the  principal 
center  of  activity  in  the  place.  They  established  a  post  at  Sapperton,  just  outside 
of  the  present  site  of  the  city  of  New  Westminster  and  engaged  in  roadmaking, 
surveying,  etc.  Colonel  Wolfenden  was  stationed  at  headquarters  under  Colonel 
Moody,  who  was  in  charge  of  the  party. 

In  1863,  upon  his  retirement  from  the  Royal  Engineers,  Colonel  Wolfenden 
was  appointed  Queen's  printer  for  the  province  of  British  Columbia  and  for 
nearly  fifty  years,  or  until  the  time  of  his  demise,  ably  discharged  the  important 
duties  devolving  upon  him  in  this  capacity.  He  was  likewise  prominent  in  public 
affairs  of  a  varied  nature  and  for  two  years  served  as  a  member  of  the  city 
board  of  school  trustees.  He  was  among  the  first  to  join  the  volunteer  move- 
ment in  British  Columbia  and  acted  as  ensign  in  the  New  Westminster  and  Vic- 
toria Rifle  Volunteers  from  1864  until  1874.  In  the  latter  year,  when  the  or- 
ganization merged  with  the  Canada  Militia,  he  continued  his  connection  with  the 
latter,  and  in  1878  retired  with  the  rank  of  lieutenant  colonel  (V.  D.)  and  was 
created  I.  S.  O.  in  1903. 

Colonel  Wolfenden  was  twice  married.  In  1865  he  wedded  Miss  Kate  Cooley, 
of  Ashford,  England.  The  seven  children  born  of  this  union  are  all  natives  of 
British  Columbia  and  are  all  still  living.  The  record  is  as  follows :  Nellie,  who  is 
the  wife  of  George  F.  Mathews;  Francis  Cooley;  Roberta  Elizabeth,  who  gave 
her  hand  in  marriage  to  Charles  P.  Innes;  Arthur  Richard;  Mabel  Mary,  the 


\ 

: 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  219 

wife  of  Kenneth  R.  Streatfield;  Walter  William,  a  sketch  of  whom  appears  on 
another  page  of  this  work ;  and  Kate  Cooley,  who  is  Mrs.  Percy  B.  Fowler.  The 
wife  and  mother  passed  away  in  1878  and  the  following  year  Colonel  Wolfenden 
was  again  married,  his  second  union  being  with  Miss  Felicite  C.  Bayley,  who  was 
born  in  Philadelphia  but  came  of  old  English  ancestry.  The  children  of  this  mar- 
riage are  Frederick  Leslie,  Victor  Arnold  and  Madge,  all  at  home  with  their 
mother. 

When  Colonel  Wolfenden  was  called  to  his  final  rest  in  1911,  Victoria  lost  one 
of  its  leading  and  most  esteemed  citizens  as  well  as  early  pioneers.  His  influence 
was  ever  given  on  the  side  of  right,  truth  and  progress  and  his  labors  proved  a 
serviceable  factor  in  the  growth  and  upbuilding  of  this  region.  He  was  a  devoted 
member  of  the  Church  of  England  and  served  in  the  capacity  of  warden.  At 
one  time  he  held  the  office  of  president  of  the  Yorkshire  Society,  and  lie  was  also 
a  valued  member  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen.  His  memory  is 
:herished  by  all  who  knew  him,  and  his  name  and  record  are  perpetuated  on  the 
pages  of  British  Columbia's  history. 


TAMES  GORDON  McKAY,  M.  D.,  C.  M. 

Dr.  James  Gordon  McKay,  since  November,  1907,  assistant  medical  superin- 
:endent  of  the  Provincial  Hospital  for  the  Insane  at  New  Westminster  and  num- 
bered among  the  leading  and  representative  physicians  and  surgeons  of  the  city, 
was  born  in  Morewood,  Ontario,  March  25,  1876,  a  son  of  William  and  Mary 
McKay.  He  acquired  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native 
own  and  afterward  attended  Ottawa  Collegiate  Institute  and  high  school  at 
Xemptville,  Ontario.  In  1895  he  entered  McGill  University  in  Montreal  and 
n  June,  1899,  was  graduated  in  medicine,  receiving  the  degrees  of  M.  D.,  C.  M. 
'n  the  same  year  he  entered  upon  the  active  practice  of  his  profession  in  the  state 
of  Montana  where  he  remained  until  1907,  when  he  came  to  New  Westminster, 
vhere  he  has  since  gained  prominence  and  distinction  along  professional  lines, 
casing  his  success  upon  a  comprehensive  and  exact  knowledge  of  underlying 
medical  principles  and  a  keen  sense  of  the  responsibilities  which  devolve  upon  the 
physician.  He  secured  a  large  and  representative  patronage  and  was  very  suc- 
cessful in  its  conduct  until  November,  1907,  when  he  entered  the  Provincial  Hos- 
pital for  the  Insane  as  assistant  medical  superintendent.  This  position  he  still 
holds  and  he  discharges  its  duties  in  a  capable  and  able  way,  for  he  is  especially 
interested  in  insanity  and  its  attendant  ills  and  has  devoted  a  great  deal  of  time 
10  study  along  this  line. 

On  the  4th  of  June,  1902,  at  Russell,  Ontario,  Dr.  McKay  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Florence  Eleanor  Craig,  a  daughter  of  William  and  Eleanor  Craig. 
She  was  born  in  Russell,  Ontario,  and  there  received  her  early  education,  later 
;  ttending  the  collegiate  institute  at  Ottawa  and  the  State  University  at  Madison, 
Wisconsin.  Dr.  and  Mrs.  McKay  have  two  children,  Dorothy  Craig  and  Jean 
sabei.  Dr.  McKay  has  been  a  member  of  the  Masonic  lodge  since  1899  and  in 
912  he  joined  the  Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  He  is  recognized  in  New  West- 
minster as  a  conscientious,  able  and  reliable  physician  and  stands  high  in  the 
regard  of  the  medical  fraternity  and  the  local  public. 


ARTHUR  BUCHANAN  POTTENGER. 

One  of  the  most  successful  and  prominent  of  the  younger  representatives  of 
the  British  Columbia  bar  is  Arthur  Buchanan  Pottenger,  of  Vancouver,  who  is 
now  serving  in  an  efficient  and  capable  manner  as  district  registrar  of  the  supreme 
<  ourt.  He  was  born  in  Owen  Sound,  Ontario,  November  8,  1872,  and  is  a  son  of 


220  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

John  and  Jane  Pottenger,  the  former  for  many  years  employed  in  the  Merchants 
Bank  of  Canada. 

In  the  public  and'  high  schools  of  Hamilton,  Ontario,  Arthur  B.  Pottenger 
acquired  his  early  education  and  he  afterward  attended  Trinity  University  in 
Toronto,  from  which  he  was  graduated  B.  A.  in  1893  and  M.  A.  in  1895.  He 
afterward  took  the  law  course  at  Osgoode  Hall  in  Toronto  and  was  called  to  the 
Ontario  bar  in  1896.  One  year  later  he  came  to  British  Columbia  and  in  1898 
was  called  to  the  bar  of  this  province,  spending  several  years  afterward  in  success- 
ful practice  alone.  In  1906  he  became  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Russell,  Russell 
&  Pottenger  of  Vancouver  and  continued  with  it  until  November,  1907,  gaining 
during  that  period  recognition  as  a  strong  and  able  practitioner,  whose  knowl- 
edge of  underlying  legal  principles  is  comprehensive  and  exact  and  whose  judg- 
ment is  at  all  times  acute  and  logical.  Mr.  Pottenger  severed  his  connection  with 
Russell,  Russell  &  Pottenger  in  November,  1907,  when  he  was  appointed  district 
registrar  of  the  supreme  court,  and  this  position  he  now  holds,  discharging  his 
duties  in  a  way  which  reflects  credit  upon  his  ability  and  his  public  spirit. 

In  Vancouver  Mr.  Pottenger  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Annie  Mildred 
Fulton,  a  daughter  of  G.  N.  and  Mary  L.  Fulton,  and  both  are  well  known  in  social 
circles  of  the  city.  Mr.  Pottenger  was  a  charter  director  of  the  Vancouver  Ath- 
letic Club  and  his  religious  views  are  in  accord  with  the  doctrines  of  the  Anglican 
church.  His  political  allegiance  is  given  to  the  conservative  party  and  he  has 
been  for  some  years  one  of  the  greatest  individual  forces  in  the  local  organization, 
having  been  one  of  the  founders  of  the  present  Conservative  Association.  He  is 
well  known  in  political,  official  and  professional  circles  and  is  justly  regarded 
as  one  of  the  most  representative  and  valued  citizens  of  Vancouver. 


WILLIAM  TEAGUE. 

William  Teague,  formerly  a  well  known  and  successful  miner,  now  living 
retired  in  Yale,  was  born  at  St.  Day  in  Cornwall,  England,  on  the  27th  of  July, 
1835,  a  son  of  Josiah  and  Michel  (Cundy-Pentreath)  Teague.  He  acquired  his 
education  in  the  public  schools  and  studied  until  he  was  twelve  years  of  age, 
after  which  he  left  England  in  1855  and  came  to  America,  traveling  to  California 
around  the  isthmus  of  Panama.  He  was  three  months  in  making  the  journey  and 
was  nineteen  years  and  three  months  of  age  when  he  reached  the  gold  fields 
of  the  western  United  States.  He  mined  and  prospected  for  three  years  at 
Chip's  Flat;  and  Monte  Christo  near  Downieville,  Sierra  county,  and  then,  at 
the  time  of  the  general  excitement  over  the  gold  discoveries  on  the  Fraser  river, 
came  to  British  Columbia  on  the  steamer  Oregon,  which  sailed  from  San  Fran- 
cisco July  5,  1858.  En  route  with  three  other  steamers  for  Victoria — the  Cortez, 
Orizba  and  Golden  Age — the  Oregon  made  the  trip  in  four  and  a  half  days  and 
was  the  first  steamer  landed  direct  at  Victoria  from  San  Francisco.  She  had 
fifteen  hundred  passengers  on  board.  He  paid  for  his  passage  two  weeks  before 
the  steamer  sailed  and  while  waiting  was  obliged  to  sleep  on  the  floor  of  the 
hotel — the  What  Cheer  House,  one  of  the  leading  hotels  of  the  city  at  that 
time.  He  was  a  passenger  on  the  first  boat  to  sail  from  California  to  Victoria 
and  from  there  he  pushed  on  to  Hope  and  then  to  Cornish  Bar  and  mined  and 
prospected  there  and  in  the  vicinity  of  Yale  until  April,  1864.  In  that  year  he 
staked  claims  in  the  Cariboo  country,  walking  a  distance  of  six  hundred  miles 
to  locate  them,  and  these  he  developed  until  1873,  when  he  was  appointed  provin- 
cial government  agent  of  revenue  at  Yale.  He  held  that. office  for  twelve  years, 
discharging  his  duties  ably,  carefully  and  conscientiously,  and  upon  leaving  the 
position  resumed  mining  and  continued  in  that  occupation  until  he  retired.  He 
is  today  enjoying  in  ease  and  comfort  the  rewards  of  his  long  life  of  activity 
and  toil  and  he  well  deserves  his  rest  and  freedom  from  business  cares. 


WILLIAM  TEAGUE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  223 

In  1871  Mr.  Teague  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Alice  Michell,  of  St.  Day, 
Cornwall,  England,  and  they  became  the  parents  of  five  children:  Mrs.  Alice 
Michell  Bailey,  of  Vancouver ;  Mrs.  Nannie-Prout  Mackenrot,  of  Golden,  Brit- 
ish Columbia;  Mrs.  Minnie  Pentreath  Nunan,  of  Seattle,  Washington;  Mrs. 
Elizabeth  Cundy  Johnson,  of  Portland,  Oregon;  and  Gladys,  at  home. 

Mr.  Teague  is  an  honored  member  of  the  Pioneer  Society  of  Victoria  and 
in  his  religious  faith  affiliates  with  the  Church  of  England.  He  is  a  member  of 
Tregullow  Lodge,  No.  1 106,  of  Cornwall,  and  in  his  politics  supports  the  liberal 
party.  He  has  ever  been  actuated  by  the  principles  which  govern  honorable  and 
upright  manhood  in  his  private  life,  and  the  same  high  ideals  have  been  manifest 
in  his  dealings  with  those  with  whom  he  has  been  connected  in  a  business  way. 


HARRY  BETTZ. 

Four  years'  connection  with  the  real-estate  business  in  Vancouver  has  made 
Harry  Bettz  well  known  among  those  who  are  handling  property  interests  in  this 
city.  Like  hundreds  of  other  ambitious,  energetic  young  men  he  turned  to  the 
northwest  as  the  land  of  opportunity.  He  was  born  in  Bay  City,  Michigan,  Sep- 
tember 17,  1880,  his  parents  being  William  and  Mary  Bettz.  In  the  paternal  line 
he  is  directly  descended  from  old  Puritan  stock  that  came  over  on  the  Mayflower, 
making  the  first  settlement  on  the  upper  Atlantic  coast.  With  the  removal  of 
the  family  to  Canada  he  became  a  public-school  pupil  at  Owen  Sound,  Ontario, 
and  afterward  pursued  a  course  in  the  collegiate  institute  there.  When  his 
school  days  were  over  he  entered  the  employ  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad 
and  continued  with  that  corporation  in  various  capacities  for  thirteen  years,  or 
from  1896  until  1909.  On  the  23d  of  May  of  the  latter  year  he  opened  a  real- 
estate  office  in  Vancouver  and  has  since  been  engaged  in  this  business,  enjoying 
a  growing  clientage  and  handling  each  year  property  interests  of  great  magnitude. 
He  has  invested  to  some  extent  in  property  in  Vancouver  and  is  quite  heavily 
interested  in  the  development  of  Port  Coquitlam,  British  Columbia. 

On  the  6th  of  November,  1906,  at  Oswego,  New  York,  Mr.  Bettz  was  married 
to  Miss  Mabel  Dumbolton,  a  daughter  of  L.  B.  Dumbolton.  The  father,  of  Ger- 
man descent  and  a  representative  of  an  old  New  York  family,  is  now  retired.  In 
politics  Mr.  Bettz  is  a  liberal.  He  holds  membership  in  the  American  Club  and  his 
religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Presbyterian  church.  He  started  out  in  life  on  his  own 
account  at  the  age  of  sixteen  years  and  has  since  been  dependent  upon  his 
own  resources,  therefore  deserving  much  credit  for  what  he  has  achieved. 
Steadily  and  persistently  he  has  worked  his  way  upward,  knowing  that  difficul- 
ties and  obstacles  can  usually  be  overcome  by  continuous  and  earnest  effort  and 
finding  in,  his  laudable  ambition  the  incentive  for  unfaltering  business  activity. 


PERCY  REGINALD  BURR. 

Percy  Reginald  Burr,  a  real-estate  broker,  actively  and  successfully  handling 
property  interests  in  New  Westminster,  his  native  city,  was  born  on  the  22d  of 
February,  1889,  his  parents  being  William  H.  and  Minnie  E.  (Pilow)  Burr,  both 
of  whom  were  natives  of  Dublin,  Ireland,  where  they  were  married.  The  father 
was  one  of  the  pioneer  settlers  of  British  Columbia.  On  crossing  the  Atlantic  to 
the  new  world  he  first  took  up  his  abode  in  Ontario  where  he  reared  a  family  of 
children  born  to  his  first  union.  He  came  with  the  family  to  British  Columbia 
by  way  of  the  Panama  route  and  was  engaged  in  teaching  school  in  Victoria,  being 
'one  of  the  first,  if  not  the  first  teacher  there.  His  wife  died  in  that  city  and  later 
he  returned  to  Ireland,  where  he  wedded  Minnie  Pilow,  who  accompanied  him  as 
he  again  made  the  trip  to  British  Columbia.  Settling  in  New  Westminster,  he 


224  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

became  a  heavy  speculator,  owning  property  the  value  of  which  extended  into  the 
millions.  He  made  heavy  investments  during  the  boom  here  but  when  it  burst  he 
lost  heavily.  He  died  in  1895  and  is  still  survived  by  his  widow,  who  now  re- 
sides in  Ladner. 

Percy  R.  Burr  was  reared  under  the  parental  roof  and  acquired  his  education 
in  the  rural  public  schools  and  at  Columbia  College  in  New  Westminster.  He 
finished  his  studies  in  1906,  but  even  prior  to  this  time  had  entered  upon  his 
business  career,  having  during  vacation  periods,  while  he  was  still  pursuing  his 
college  course,  worked  as  a  clerk  in  a  general  store.  After  finishing  his  studies 
he  again  took  a  clerkship  but  soon  afterward  secured  a  position  at  Fraser  Mills 
at  tallying  lumber,  it  being  his  intention  to  thoroughly  acquaint  himself  with  the 
lumber  business.  He  found  it  unsuitable  to  his  taste,  however,  and  again  he 
entered  upon  clerkship  in  the  store  of  J.  H.  Harvey,  with  whom  he  continued  for 
two  years.  He  then  turned  his  attention  to  the  real-estate  business  in  1908,  and 
has  since  been  a  prominent  factor  in  that  field  of  labor  in  New  Westminster, 
operating  exclusively  in  property  which  he  has  purchased  both  on  his  own  account 
and  for  others.  He  is  thoroughly  conversant  with  realty  values,  and  capable  man- 
agement and  enterprise  have  brought  him  to  a  prominent  position  among  real- 
estate  dealers  in  his  city. 

Mr.  Burr  holds  membership  with  the  Native  Sons  of  British  Columbia  and 
also  with  King  Solomon  Lodge,  No.  17,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Board 
of  Trade  and  the  Progressive  Association  and  likewise  of  the  Westminster  Club. 
He  is  popular  in  these'  different  organizations,  possessing  many  substantial  and 
attractive  qualities  which  have  gained  for  him  the  warm  regard  of  all  with  whom 
he  has  been  brought  in  contact.. 


CHARLES  HENRY  JONES. 

Charles  Henry  Jones,  late  of  the  firm  of  C.  H.  Jones  &  Son  and  a  pioneer 
of  Vancouver  who  came  here  in  1886  and  for  a  quarter  of  a  century  was  con- 
nected with  its  business  interests,  was  born  August  26,  1839,  in  Carmarthen, 
Wales.  He  was  one  of  thirteen  children,  of  whom  the  following  are  still  liv- 
ing: Julia,  born  June  8,  1836;  Alfred  Poole,  January  21,  1838;  Edward,  April 
4,  1846;  Mary  Jane,  August  10,  1849;  Tom  Hamberlin,  May  6,  1851;  Esther 
Annie,  May  17,  1853;  and  William  Rodman,  March  9,  1855. 

Mr.  Jones'  earliest  personal  recollections  are  of  Gloucester,  England,  in  which 
city  he  was  brought  up  and  where  his  father  was  a  ship  owner  and  chandler 
and  sailmaker,  carrying  on  business  along  those  lines  for  a  number  of  years. 
His  education  was  obtained  in  a  private  school  in  his  native  land.  Being  asso- 
ciated with  captains  and  seafaring  people  in  his  younger  days,  Charles  H.  Jones 
became  fond  of  the  water  and  interested  in  ships  and  at  the  age  of  twenty-one 
resolved  to  take  a  trip  on  the  sea  and,  giving  his  parents  but  four  hours'  notice, 
had  his  hammock  lashed  and  his  chest  packed  and  was  on  his  way  to  Cardiff  to 
join  his  ship,  a  square  rigged  brig,  The  North  Star,  bound  for  Hong  Kong 
with  a  load  of  coal  for  the  Imperial  government.  Going  down  the  Bristol  chan- 
nel and  across  the  bay  of  Biscay  the  brig  encountered  such  rough  weather  that 
she  was  as  much  under  water  as  above.  They  made  the  long  passage  through 
light  and  contrary  winds  and  to  add  to  their  discomfort  the  brig  sprang  a  leak 
in  her  rudder  trunk.  They  also  ran  short  of  water  on  the  trip  as  at  that  time 
most  ships,  particularly  small  ones,  carried  all  their  water  in  barrels  and  casks 
instead  of  tanks  and  most  of  these  were  stowed  away  on  deck.  These  were 
some  of  the  earliest  recollections  of  Mr.  Jones  at  the  outset  of  his  career. 

Some  time  after  coming  to  North  America  Mr.  Jones  settled  in  St.  John, 
New  Brunswick,  where  in  partnership  with  his  brother,  Alfred  Poole  Jones, 
he  was  engaged  in  the  sailmaking  business  for  a  number  of  years  until  they 
burned  out  in  1878.  Previous  to  this  period  the  family  had  farmed  for  a 


CHARLES  H.  JONES 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  227 

short  time  in  Nova  Scotia,  leaving  that  province  in  order  to  remove  to  New 
Brunswick.  Before  taking  his  brother  into  partnership  in  St.  John  our  sub- 
ject carried  on  his  business  alone  for  several  years.  Alfred  1'oole  Jones  is 
still  engaged  in  the  same  line  of  business  at  Windsor,  Nova  Scotia. 

In  1882  Mr.  Jones  went  to  Manitoba,  farming  in  that  province  for  four 
years  before  coming  to  Vancouver,  where  he  arrived  in  1886,  beginning  busi- 
ness under  the  firm  name  of  C.  H.  Jones.  Success  attended  his  efforts  from  the 
beginning  and  the  passing  years  ever  increased  his  annual  income.  Industrious 
and  honest  in  his  dealings  and  popular  in  shipping  circles,  he  enjoyed  an  exten- 
sive trade  and  became  one  of  the  foremost  men  in  his  line  in  the  city.  In  190  r, 
upon  the  admission  of  his  son,  Frederick  S.,  the  lirm  name  became  C.  H.  [ones 
&  Son  and  upon  the  death  of  our  subject,  on  July  8,  10,12,  the  lirm  was  incor- 
porated as  C.  H.  Jones  &  Son,  Limited. 

Mr.  Jones  was  twice  married  and  by  his  union  with  Anna  Stecle  Calbraith 
had  the  following  children:  Charles  Albert  Workman;  Julia  Maude,  who  is 
now  Mrs.  Ira  Ransom ;  and  Frederick  Stecle,  of  whom  more  extended  men- 
tion is  made  in  another  part  of  this  work.  There  also  is  a  half-sister,  Laurada 
May  Jones.  In  his  religious  associations  Mr.  Jones  was  a  Methodist,  always 
interested  in  the  cause  of  his  church  and  Christianity.  Politically  he  gave  his 
support  to  the  conservative  party  and  while  residing  in  Manitoba  was  from 
1882  to  1886  clerk  of  the  county  council  at  Fort  Fllis.  However,  after  com- 
ing to  Vancouver  he  did  not  participate  in  public  life,  giving  all  of  his  atten- 
tion to  his  business  interests  and  promoting  in  a  private  way  the  welfare  of  his 
city.  He  was  highly  respected  and  esteemed  by  all  who  knew  him  as  a  pioneer 
of  Vancouver  who  had  been  a  forceful  element  in  the  upbuilding  of  the  city. 
He  traveled  the  path  of  usefulness  and  honor  and  although  his  start  in  life 
was  humble,  attained  a  substantial  success.  His  is  the  story  of  an  honest  man 
whose  gifts  were  not  only  used  for  the  attainment  of  individual  prosperity  but 
as  much  for  the  betterment  of  the  whole  community  and  his  record  is  one  which 
may  serve  to  encourage  and  inspire  others,  indicating  the  possibilities  that  lie 
before  the  individual  and  demonstrating  what  may  be  accomplished  through 
personal  effort  and  ambition.  His  memory  is  dear  to  the  hearts  of  many  who 
admired  his  rugged  qualities  of  character,  who  appreciated  the  humane  side 
of  his  nature  and  who  saw  in  him  a  man  who  was  imbued  with  love  and  kind- 
ness for  his  fellows. 


SAMUEL  BOWELL. 

Samuel  Bowell  is  numbered  among  the  early  settlers  in  British  Columbia,  his 
residence  in  the  province  dating  from  1886.  This  has  covered  the  period  of  its 
greatest  development,  for  the  Okanagan  country  was  at  that  time  comparatively 
jnsettled  and  conditions  in  other  parts  of  the  province  were  equally  primitive. 
Throughout  the  years  Mr.  Bowell  has  been  an  interested  witness  of  the  change 
.vhich  has  revolutionized  business  conditions  and  made  the  section  prosperous, 
ind,  by  his  steadily  increasing  success  and  his  business  enterprise,  has  borne 
in  important  part  in  the  advancement.  He  now  makes  his  home  in  New  West- 
ninster  where  he  owns  a  well  equipped  undertaking  etsablishment. 

Mr.  Bowell  was  born  at  St.  Johns,  Newfoundland,  January  23,  1865,  and  is  a 
;on  of  Robert  and  Catherine  Bowell,  the  former  a  successful  foundryman  and 
niller  and  for  twenty-five  years  a  soldier  in  the  British  army.  Both  have  passed 
away.  Their  son,  Samuel,  acquired  his  education  in  the  parochial  schools  of  his 
lative  city  and  at  the  age  of  fifteen  laid  aside  his  books  to  begin  an  apprenticeship 
is  a  carpenter  and  undertaker.  He  became  proficient  in  both  lines  of  work  and 
after  four  years'  study  began  as  a  journeyman,  remaining  for  two  years  there- 
after in  St.  Johns.  At  the  end  of  that  time  he  left  Newfoundland  and  came  to 
3ritish  Columbia,  settling  first  at  Nicola  where  he  worked  as  a  journeyman  car- 


228  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

penter  for  a  similar  period.  From  Nicola  he  went  to  the  Okanagan  country,  a 
region  then  almost  unknown  and  almost  entirely  unsettled.  Business  activity, 
however,  had  begun  and  many  opportunities  offered  for  the  man  of  enterprise 
and  initiative.  Mr.  Bowell  remained  there  until  the  fall  of  1899,  engaging  in 
contracting  in  Enderby  and  making  full  use  of  the  advantages  which  the  develop- 
ing country  offered.  In  the  days  of  the  great  boom  of  the  Boundary  country  he 
made  his  way  thither  and,  settling  at  Grand  Forks,  there  remained  until  1905.  In 
that  year  he  came  to  New  Westminster  and  established  himself  here  as  a  general 
contractor,  an  occupation  in  which  he  continued  for  eight  years.  In  1912  he 
again  turned  his  attention  to  the  undertaking  business,  purchasing  the  establish- 
ment owned  by  Center  &  Hanna  at  No.  405  Columbia  street,  where  he  now  has 
well  equipped  undertaking  parlors.  He  is  known  as  an  honorable  and  upright 
business  man  whose  sagacity  is  acknowledged  and  whose  integrity  is  beyond  all 
question. 

In  1899  Mr.  Bowell  married  Miss  Sarah  Morgan,  a  daughter  of  Charles  and 
Keziah  Morgan,  residents  of  Newfoundland.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Bowell  have  four  chil- 
dren :  Mabel  Boyd,  who  married  Arthur  Young  of  Claybourne,  British  Columbia ; 
Bertram  M. ;  Vera  W.  M.,  and  Charles  Raymond,  who  are  attending  school.  The 
family  occupy  a  pleasant  home  at  224  Third  avenue.  Mr.  Bowell  is  a  member  of 
the  Methodist  church  and  fraternally  is  connected  with  the  Independent  Order  of 
Odd  Fellows,  the  Order  of  Foresters,  the  Royal  Templars  and  the  Benevolent 
Protective  Order  of  Elks.  Although  not  active  as  a  politician,  no  man  in  New 
Westminster  is  more  keenly  interested  in  the  growth  and  progress  of  the  city 
along  lines  of  business,  political  and  social  development  and  no  one  has  done  more 
lasting  and  effective  work  in  promoting  advancement.  His  cooperation  can 
always  be  counted  upon  to  further  progressive  public  measures  and  his  name 
stands  high  on  the  list  of  the  city's  successful  and  public-spirited  men. 


JOHN  W.  THORNTON. 

There  was  a  period  when  a  prospective  purchaser  of  real  estate  sought  out  its 
owner  and  the  trade  was  consummated  between  them;  today  the  real-estate 
business  is  as  well  denned,  as  carefully  organized  and  as  thoroughly  systematized 
as  any  industrial,  manufacturing  or  commercial  enterprise,  and  a  real-estate 
dealer  is  as  well  acquainted  with  property  values  as  a  merchant  with  the  price 
of  goods.  As  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Morden  &  Thornton,  the  subject  of  this 
review  is  actively  and  successfully  engaged  in  real-estate  dealing  in  Vancouver. 
He  was  born  in  Oxford  county,  Ontario,  June  4,  1863,  his  parents  being  William 
B.  and  Elizabeth  Walker  (Wilson)  Thornton,  pioneer  settlers  of  Oxford  county. 
In  the  public  schools  of  Ontario  the  son  began  his  education  and  afterward 
attended  Woodstock  College,  a  school  conducted  under  the  auspices  of  the  Bap- 
tist church  at  Woodstock,  Ontario.  His  identification  with  the  western  country 
dates  from  1888,  or  for  a  quarter  of  a  century.  In  that  year  he  made  his  way 
to  Saskatchewan,  where  he  continued  for  eight  years  in  the  general  merchan- 
dise business  and  as  postmaster.  He  then  removed  to  Rossland,  British  Colum- 
bia, afterward  spending  a  year  in  the  Yukon.  He  subsequently  returned  to 
Rossland,  where  he  remained  until  removing  to  Vancouver  in  1899.  In  these 
different  places  he  was  employed  in  various  capacities,  and  carefully  directing 
his  labors,  made  steady  advancement,  so  that  when  he  came  to  Vancouver  he 
was  able  to  engage  in  business  on  his  own  account,  joining  William  Morden  in 
organizing  the  present  real-estate  firm  of  Morden  &  Thornton.  They  have  had 
charge  of  important  property  transfers,  and  handling  much  real  estate  have 
become  well  known  as  representatives  in  their  special  field.  Mr.  Thornton's 
principal  investments  are  in  real  estate,  for  as  he  has  found  favorable  oppor- 
tunity he  has  purchased  property. 


JOHN  W.  THORNTON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  231 

On  the  loth  of  September,  1884,  in  Woodstock,  Ontario,  occurred  the  mar- 
•riage  of  Mr.  Thornton  and  Miss  Margaret  Anderson,  a  daughter  of  John  and 
Annie  (Reid)  Anderson.  The  father  was  for  many  years  engaged  in  the  mer- 
chant tailoring  business  at  Woodstock,  but  subsequently  removed  to  Winnipeg. 
The  children  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Thornton  are  Constance  May,  Edna  Blanche  and 
Margaret  Beatrice.  The  family  attend  the  Presbyterian  church. 

Mr.  Thornton  is  a  liberal  in  politics  but  has  not  sought  nor  desired  public 
•office,  as  his  attention  has  been  fully  occupied  with  business  duties  that  are 
making  heavy  demands  upon  his  time.  There  has  been  nothing  unusual  or  spec- 
tacular in  his  career  and  it  has  only  been  by  determined  purpose  and  persistent 
effort  that  Mr.  Thornton  has  reached  the  plane  of  success  on  which  he  now  stands. 
Beside  interests  already  mentioned  he  is  also  president  of  several  local  companies. 


WILLIAM  CLARENCE  BROWN. 

As  a  representative  of  professional  interests  William  Clarence  Brown  is  well 
known  by  reason  of  his  ability  in  the  practice  of  law.  He  is  also  identified  with 
various  corporate  interests  and  is  thus  closely  associated  with  the  business  life 
of  Vancouver.  Personal  interests  and  activities,  however,  do  not  claim  his  entire 
time  and  attention,  for  he  is  a  cooperant  factor  in  many  movements  which  have 
for  their  primary  object  the  public  welfare,  his  efforts  in  that  direction  being 
resultant  factors  for  good.  He  was  born  at  Stanley  Bridge,  Prince  Edward 
Island,  September  22,  1873,  and  is  a  son  of  Samuel  Henry  and  Mary  Jane  Brown. 
In  the  public  schools  of  his  native  isle  he  pursued  his  education  until  he  entered 
the  Prince  of  Wales  College  at  Charlottetown.  In  1891  he  came  to  British  Colum- 
bia and  through  the  succeeding  year  attended  Vancouver  College.  Subsequent 
to  his  graduation  from  that  institution  he  took  up  the  profession  of  school  teach- 
ing, which  he  followed  at  Chilliwack,  British  Columbia,  until  1893.  He  returned 
to  Vancouver  in  that  year  and  attended  Vancouver  College.  In  1895  he  began 
the  study  of  law  and  was  called  to  the  bar  of  British  Columbia  in  1900.  He  then 
entered  upon  the  active  practice  of  his  profession  in  Vancouver  and  so  continues 
to  the  present  time,  being  now  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Ellis  &  Brown.  He  has 
been  very  successful  from  the  outset  of  his  career  as  a  barrister.  No  dreary 
novitiate  awaited  him.  He  entered  almost  immediately  upon  a  large  practice 
which  has  grown  in  volume  and  importance.  The  zeal  with  which  he  has  devoted 
his  energies  to  his  profession,  the  careful  regard  evinced  for  the  interests  of  his 
clients  and  the  assiduous  and  unrelaxing  attention  to  all  the  details  of  his  cases 
have  brought  him  a  large  business  and  made  him  very  successful  in  its  conduct. 
His  arguments  have  elicited  warm  attention  not  only  from  his  associates  at  the 
bar  but  also  from  the  bench. 

Mr.  Brown  has  always  been  greatly  interested  in  the  growth  and  development 
of  British  Columbia  and  with  faith  in  her  future  has  acquired  large  financial 
interests  here,  something  of  the  nature  thereof  being  indicated  by  the  fact  that 
he  is  now  a  director  of  the  North  American  Building,  Loan  &  Trust  Company, 
Ltd.,  and  a  director  of  the  Canadian  Northern  Land  &  Investment  Company,  Ltd. 
He  also  has  other  financial  interests  and  owns  considerable  realty. 

Aside  from  those  projects  which  are  a  source  of  personal  gain  he  has  taken 
active  and  helpful  part  in  many  movements  and  measures  resulting  to  the  benefit 
of  the  city.  Any  project  which  is  a  matter  of  civic  virtue  and  civic  pride  may 
count  upon  his  earnest  and  zealous  support  and  he  is  equally  loyal  to  the  province. 
He  is  a  director  of  the  Vancouver  Exhibition  and  many  other  tangible  evidences 
of  his  interest  in  the  general  welfare  may  be  cited.  In  politics  he  has  always  been 
a  strong  liberal  and  active  worker  in  the  party  although  not  an  office  seeker.  He 
belongs  to  the  Vancouver  Liberal  Association  and  for  two  years  previous  to  the 
amalgamation  of  the  Young  Liberal  Association  with  the  aforementioned  or- 
ganization he  was  its  president.  He  is  fond  of  outdoor  sports  and  is  an  advocate 


232  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

of  lacrosse,  acting  for  four  years  as  president  of  the  West  End  Lacrosse  Club. 
He  belongs  to  the  Terminal  City  and  Commercial  Clubs  and  is  appreciative  of 
the  social  amenities  which  these  offer,  as  well  as  their  more  serious  interests  in 
behalf  of  public  welfare.  Mr.  Brown  ranks  with  Vancouver's  popular,  prominent 
and  valued  citizens  and  the  place  which  he  occupies  has  been  won  as  the  result 
of  personal  merit  and  ability. 

ARTHUR  AXD  FRANCES  ELIZABETH  HERRING. 

Arthur  and  Frances  Elizabeth  Herring  are  well  known  residents  of  New 
Westminster.  The  former  was  born  in  Corfu,  Greece,  in  1848,  and  the  latter 
was  born  at  Kings  Lynn,  Norfolk,  England.  Mrs.  Herring  is  descended  in  the 
maternal  line  from  the  Salmons,  of  Norfolk,  of  whom  Rear  Admiral  Sir  Geof- 
frey Salmon  was  at  one  time  the  head. 

Mr.  Herring  pursued  his  education  in  Heald's  College,  San  Francisco,  and 
in  the  San  Francisco  pharmacy.  Mrs.  Herring  was  educated  at  Reading,  Berk- 
shire, England,  and  won  a  first  class  A  certificate  in  British  Columbia  in  1876, 
and  also  the  Bishop  of  Canterbury's  prize  for  bible  knowledge  and  church  history. 
Mr.  Herring  came  to  the  northwest,  engaged  in  business  as  a  chemist  and  drug- 
gist, and  Mrs.  Herring,  arriving  in  New  Westminster  in  1874,  became  a  teacher 
in  the  school  at  Fort  Langley. 

The  school  that  Mrs.  Herring  taught,  from  1875  to  1878,  at  the  old  Hudson's 
Bay  post,  Fort  Langley,  was  a  large  one-room  frame  building  with  a  cottage 
attached  and  with  few  exceptions  the  pupils  were  Indians  and  half-breeds.  They 
were  very  apt  pupils*  and  quick  to  grasp  all  knowledge  and  especially  the  white- 
man's  way  of  doing  things.  Besides  the  regular  routine  of  school  work  she 
taught  the  girls  knitting,  crochet  and  various  kinds  of  needle  work.  Mrs.  Her- 
ring had  a  piano  in  the  spacious  living  room  of  the  cottage  and  it  was  a  treat 
which  she  often  gave  them  to  have  them  all  in  her  cottage,  play  for  them  and 
teach  them  to  sing.  Many  of  them  had  good  voices  and  all  were  fond  of  music. 
Many  of  the  boys  of  her  school  have  learned  trades  and  others  farming  and 
are  very  successful  residents  of  the  Langley  district  and  Fraser  valley.  The 
present  Chief  Joe  and  his  sister,  children  of  old  Chief  Casimir  of  the  Langley 
tribe,  were  among  her  students. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Herring  have  watched  with  interest  the  progress  of  events 
which  have  shaped  the  annals  of  this  province  and  have  been  active  in  con- 
nection with  many  movements  which  have  had  to  do  with  the  upbuilding  and 
advancement  of  it.  In  1877  ^r-  Herring  established  at  New  Westminster  the 
only  wholesale  and  retail  drug  house  on  the  mainland  of  British  Columbia  and 
took  high  rank  among  the  business  men  of  the  northwest.  The  trade  supplied 
reached  from  Plumper  Pass  to  Cariboo  and  all  the  goods  were  of  course,  in 
that  early  day,  transported  by  water  or  pack  train.  Their  stock  of  goods  often 
exceeded  thirty  thousand  dollars  in  value.  All  the  heavy  goods  were  purchased 
and  shipped  from  England  by  way  of  Cape  Horn.  They  therefore  had  to  be 
ordered  one  year  in  advance  and  all  these  items  meant  much  work  and  in  the 
conduct  of  this  extensive  business  Mrs.  Herring  took  a  most  active  part.  In 
this  modern  age  it  is  of  especial  interest  to  note  that  the  cost  of  transportation 
of  goods  all  the  way  from  England  to  Victoria  was  only  equal  to  the  charge 
for  carrying  from  Victoria  to  New  Westminster. 

Mr.  Herring  was  a  member  of  the  city  council  of  New  Westminster  for 
fifteen  years  and  thus  aided  in  shaping  the  public  policy  in  connection  with 
municipal  affairs.  Mrs.  Herring  has  been  very  active  in  the  support  of  equal 
rights  for  women  and  is  well  known  as  the  associate  editor  of  Commonwealth  and 
was  correspondent  to  the  Toronto  Globe  when  Mr.  Willison  was  manager. 
She  has  written  many  stories  which  have  appeared  in  magazines  of  England, 
Canada  and  the  United  States  and  is  the  author  of  six  books.  All  of  her 


MRS.  FRANCES  E.  HERRING 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  235 

first  books  were  written  from  data  collected  and  preserved  by  her  for  many 
years.  The  settings  and  people  (nearly  all  of  whom  actually  lived)  in  some 
of  these  stories  date  as  far  back  as  fifty  years  ago,  while,  of  course,  some  of 
the  happenings  took  place  in  quite  recent  years. 

The  first  of  all  her  books  which  is  entitled  Canadian  Camp  Life  was  pub- 
lished in  London  in  1900.  It  is  a  well  written  story  of  the  simple  camp  life  of 
a  Canadian  family  and  their  interesting  experiences  at  the  sea  shore  with 
just  enough  romance  interwoven  to  make  it  captivating.  It  was  well  received 
and  many  readers  and  critics,  not  knowing  what  the  author  had  in  store  for 
them,  urged  that  she  should  follow  it  with  another. 

Among  the  People  of  British  Columbia,  (with  the  red,  white,  yellow  and 
brown)  is  the  appropriate  title  of  the  second  book  which  Mrs.  Herring  issued. 
It  is  not  only  a  picturesque  description  of  the  peoples  of  this  great  coast  country 
but  imparts  more  good  clean  knowledge  of  pioneer  life  as  it  actually  existed 
in  our  province  for  many  years  than  is  usually  found  in  a  work  combining  real 
life  and  fiction.  It  is  in  this  book  that  she  so  beautifully  pictures  the  awe- 
inspiring  Passion  Play  which  was  given  at  Chilliwack  by  the  Indians  of  the  coast 
tribes  as  a  thanksgiving.  His  Lordship,  Bishop  Dontonwill,  O.  M.  I.,  a  sincere 
friend  of  Mrs.  Herring  and  to  whom  she  is  grateful  for  many  of  the  authentic 
facts  used  in  her  books,  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Passion  Play  and  it 
was  owing  to  the  accuracy  and  beauty  of  expression  with  which  this  book  was 
written  that  his  Lordship  took  one  hundred  copies  which  he  presented  as 
special  prizes  to  the  boys  of  St.  Louis  College  and  the  girls  of  the  convent. 

In  1904  T.  Fisher  L'nwin  of  London,  who  published  her  first  two  books, 
offered  to  the  public  a  third  book  by  Mrs.  Herring.  In  The  Pathless  West 
with  soldiers,  pioneers,  miners  and  savages,  is  the  title  of  this  truly  thrilling  tale 
of  pioneer  and  Indian  life.  It  vividly  describes  some  of  the  many  cruel  prac- 
tices of  the  Indians,  their  escapades  with  the  soldiers,  miners  and  pioneers,  as 
the  title  implies,  and  also  brings  out  the  forms  of  recreation,  entertainment  and 
pleasure  they  indulged  in  and  enjoyed  in  those  earliest  of  early  days. 

Xan,  and  Other  Pioneer  Women  of  the  West  which  is  just  off  the  pres> 
(1913)  is  the  fourth  and  last  edition  of  her  growing  list  of  successes.  Nan,  is 
the  engrossing  story  of  a  family  crossing  the  plains  to  take  their  stand  with  the 
soldiers  of  fortune  in  the  California  gold  rush  in  '49.  This  volume  also  includes 
ten  interesting  short  stories  of  the  life  of  as  many  other  pioneer  girls  and  women 
of  that  age.  One  may  say  there  was  nothing  extraordinary  in  the  life  of  those 
women  but  they  need  only  to  read  this  book  to  be  convinced  that  there  were 
many  wholesome  thrills  and  happenings  and  that  the  way  in  which  the  writer 
has  framed  the  sittings  and  pictured  the  quaint  characters  makes  the  most  de- 
lightful reading. 

Ena,  in  England,  a  story  of  English  life  will  be  published  in  1913,  and  its 
sequel,  Ena  in  Hawaii,  recording  her  travels  in  the  Hawaiian  islands  will  be 
respectfully  submitted  to  the  public  in  1914.  Remembering  the  pen-pictures  of 
Nan  and  many  others  of  the  characters  that  Mrs.  Herring  has  so  skilfullly  por- 
:rayed  we  are  sure  that  Ena  will  be  equally  entrancing.  Her  last  book,  The  Gold 
Miners,  now  in  the  hands  of  the  publisher,  is  a  story  of  the  gold  miners  in  the 
Cariboo  country  of  British  Columbia  and  the  gold  fields  of  California  and  is  a 
sequel  to  her  second  book,  which  was  accepted  with  so  much  favor,  In  the  Path- 
less West.  We  feel  no  hesitancy  in  saying  that  we  believe  this  will  be  the  crown- 
ing work  of  Mrs.  Herring's  life.  She  takes  extreme  pleasure  in  announcing 
that  this  greatest  of  all  her  good  stories  will  contain  a  charming  preface  written 
oy  one  of  her  warmest  friends  from  the  pioneer  days  to  the  present,  His  Honor, 
Judge  F.  W.  Howay. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Herring  have  become  the  parents  of  eight  children,  four  of 
ivhom  are  living:  Dr.  A.  F.  C.  Herring,  who  married  Miss  Emily  Margaret 
VtcGuire  and  has  two  children,  a  son  and  a  daughter ;  Sidney,  who  wedded  Sarah 
\nn  Tidy ;  Mabel  Harriett  Frances,  the  wife  of  Dr.  G.  T.  Wilson,  a  son  of  James 
\Vilson,  who  was  for  many  years  superintendent  of  telegraph  for  the  Canadian 


236  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Pacific  Railway,  and  a  grandson  of  the  late  Lieutenant  Governor  Mclnnes  of 
British  Columbia ;  and  Victor,  a  civil  engineer  with  the  Great  Northern  Railway, 
in  their  New  Westminster  offices. 

Mrs.  Herring  is  not  only  a  prominent  figure  in  literary  circles  but  has  also 
taken  an  active  part  in  musical  development  in  the  northwest.  She  was  a  member 
of  the  Cathedral  choir  in  New  Westminster  for  many  years  and  played  the  organ 
there  on  the  first  Sunday  she  spent  in  the  northwest.  She  was  much  beloved 
by  the  Indians  and  half-breed  children  at  Langley  among  whom  her  influence 
worked  much  good.  In  the  early  period  of  their  residence  in  this  province 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Herring  found  delightful  recreation  in  horseback  riding  and  camp- 
ing trips,  continuing  the  latter  to  the  present  time.  For  twenty-two  consecutive 
years  they  have  camped  on  the  shores  of  Boundary  bay.  She  was  also  an  active 
factor  in  private  theatricals  and  choral  unions.  She  has  ever  been  noted  for  her 
tact,  displayed  in  hospitality,  and  her  remarkable  devotion  to  children  and  young 
people.  For  some  years  she  taught  a  bible  class  of  young  women  and  enjoyed 
the  fullest  extent  of  their  love  and  confidence.  Both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Herring  have- 
had  much  to  do  with  the  development  of  the  northwest  along  the  lines  leading 
to  educational  and  moral  progress  and  aesthetic  culture,  and  the  importance  of 
their  individuality  has  been  a  potent  force  for  good  in  the  province. 


GEORGE  TELFORD,  D.  D.  S. 

The  advanced  and  enlightened  methods  which  in  the  past  twenty-five  years 
have  practically  revolutionized  dental  surgery  find  a  progressive  and  able  exponent 
in  Dr.  George  Telford,  who  since  1901  has  practiced  in  Vancouver,  winning  since 
that  time  a  large  and  representative  patronage  in  recognition  of  his  superior 
merit  and  ability.  He  was  born  in  Valens,  Wentworth  county,  Ontario,  November 
19,  1876,  and  is  a  son  of  Robert  and  Mary  (Tennant)  Telford,  the  former  a 
native  of  Carlisle,  England,  and  the  latter  of  Ontario,  being  of  Scotch  parentage. 
Throughout  all  his  years  of  activity  Mr.  Telford  has  been  engaged  in  farming. 

In  the  public  schools  of  his  native  county  Dr.  Telford  acquired  his  early 
education.  Leaving  Ontario  he  came  to  British  Columbia  in  1892,  locating  first 
in  Chemainus,  where  he  attended  the  public  school.  Later,  he  moved  to  Chilli- 
wack,  where  continuing  his  studies  he  took  a  teacher's  certificate.  For  a  time 
he  worked  on  the  farm  of  G.  R.  Ashwell,  after  which  he  turned  his  attention  to- 
bookkeeping,  being  employed  by  the  Knight  Brothers  in  their  lumber  mill  at 
Popcum.  From  there  he  went  into  the  interior  as  an  employe  of  the  Canadian 
Pacific  Railway,  and  from  there  to  Nelson  where  he  was  engaged  in  transfer 
business,  being  employed  by  West  and  Emerson  of  that  place.  Following  this 
he  entered  the  employ  of  the  Bank  of  British  Columbia  as  a  clerk  and  worked 
in  their  institutions  at  Kaslo  and  Sandon.  Having  determined,  however,  to  prac- 
tice dentistry,  he  entered  the  dental  department  of  the  University  of  Pennsylvania 
in  the  fall  of  1898  and  was  graduated  in  1901,  with  the  degree  of  D.  D.  S.  Imme- 
diately after,  he  came  to  Vancouver  and  opened  an  office  there,  where  he  has 
been  in  active  practice  since  that  time.  That  he  has  been  successful  is  evidenced 
by  the  large  and  representative  patronage  of  which  he  is  now  in  control,  a 
patronage  which  increases  yearly  as  his  reputation  grows  and  his  skill  and  ability 
became  more  widely  known.  In  addition  to  being  a  dentist  of  great  ability  and 
prominence  Dr.  Telford  is  also  a  student  of  his  profession  from  a  scientific  view- 
point, keeping  in  touch  with  its  most  advanced  thought  and  contributing  to  it& 
development  by  his  own  study  and  research.  His  office  is  equipped  with  all  the 
latest  improved  appliances  and  he  has  accomplished  some  notable  work  in  den- 
tistry, making  his  profession  a  source  of  benefit  to  others,  as  it  is  an  object  of 
continuous  interest  to  himself.  He  .is  a  director  of  the  Burrard  Sanitarium  and  • 
a  member  of  the  College  of  Dental  Surgeons  of  British  Columbia  and  the  Van- 
couver Dental  Society,  and  his  ability  is  widely  recognized  in  professional  circles. 


DR.  GKOBGE  TELFOED 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  239 

On  the  first  of  July,  1902,  Dr.  Telford  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Ada 
M.  Templer  of  Chilliwack.  They  have  two  children,  Marion  Verona  and  Harold 
Stuart.  Dr.  Telford  is  a  member  of  the  First  Baptist  church  and  belongs  to  the 
Commercial  Club,  taking  a  deep  interest  in  everything  which  tends  toward  the 
further  development  of  the  city.  Although  a  stanch  liberal  he  is  not  an  active 
>olitician,  his  professional  duties  occupying  a  great  deal  of  his  time,  but  his 
:ooperation  can  always  be  relied  upon  to  further  measures  of  reform  and  progress. 
His  work  has  marked  a  distinct  advance  in  methods  of  dental  practice  in  Van- 
:ouver  and  in  his  ability,  comprehensive  knowledge  of  his  profession  and  interest 
n  it  he  possesses  the  guarantees  of  continued  progress  and  ultimate  distinction 
n  his  chosen  field. 


WILLIAM  FRANCIS  HANSFORD. 

William  Francis  Hansford,  a  successful  barrister  of  Xew  Wesminster.  has 
icre  practiced  continuously  for  the  past  seven  years  and  has  gained  recognition 
is  an  able  representative  of  his  profession.     He  was  born  in  Prescott,  Ontario, 
i  son  of  Rev.  William  Hansford,  D.  D.,  and  Marianne  (Reynar)  Hansford.    The 
'ormer  was  a  native  of  Dorset  county,  England,  while  the  latter's  birth  occurred 
n  the  city  of  Quebec,  Canada.     William  Hansford,  who  was  educated  for  the 
ministry  in  his  native  country,  came  to  Canada  about  1853  and  f°r  a  period  of 
about  thirty-five  years  took  a  prominent  part  in  church  work  in  Ontario  and 
Quebec.     For  several  years  he  acted  as  president  of  the  Methodist  Conference 
:n  Ontario  and  also  served  as  governor  of  Stanstead  College  in  Stanstead,  Que- 
bec, for  several  years.     His  demise  occurred  in  1891,  while  his  wife  was  called 
10  her  final  rest  in  1890.     They  became  the  parents  of  seven  children,  four  of 
-vhom  survive,  as  follows:  Jeffrey  E.,  who  is  a  barrister  of  Winnipeg;  Marion 
.1.,  a  practicing  physician  of  Montreal;  Fannie  P.,  who  is  a  resident  of  New 
York  city;  and  William  Francis,  of  this  review. 

The  last  named  pursued  a  high-school  course  in  Ontario  and  continued  his 
..tudies  in  Albert  College  of  Belleville,  Ontario,  subsequently  entering  the  Uni- 
••ersity  of  Toronto,  which  institution  conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of  B.  A.  In 
902,  immediately  following  his  graduation,  he  came  to  British  Columbia  and 
')egan  the  study  of  law,  being  admitted  to  the  bar  of  this  province  in  1906.  He 
'ocated  in  New  Westminster  for  the  practice  of  his  chosen  profession  and  in  the 
intervening  period  of  seven  years  has  built  up  a  remunerative  clientage  and  gained 
:i  reputation  at  the  British  Columbia  bar.  The  zeal  with  which  he  has  devoted 
his  energies  to  his  profession,  the  careful  regard  evinced  for  the  interests  of  his 
i  lients  and  an  assiduous  and  unrelaxing  attention  to  all  the  details  of  his  cases, 
have  brought  him  a  large  business  and  made  him  very  successful  in  its  conduct. 
Mr.  Hansford  is  a  conservative  in  his  political  affiliations  and  a  prominent 
worker  in  the  local  ranks  of  the  party.  He  has  served  as  president  of  the  Young 
Conservative  Association  and  is  now  acting  as  secretary  of  the  Conservative  Asso- 
riation  of  New  Westminster.  Fraternally  he  is  identified  with  Lodge  No.  5093 
of  the  Loyal  Orangemen's  Association  at  New  Westminster  and  New  Westmin- 
.'ter  Lodge,  No.  3,  Benevolent  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  His  religious  faith  is 
ihat  of  the  Anglican  church. 


JOHN  A.  MILLS,  M.  D. 

Dr.  John  A.  Mills,  physician  and  surgeon  of  Vancouver,  was  born  in  Wood- 
:tock,  Ontario,  August  22,  1860,  a  son  of  William  and  Eliza  (Lafferty)  Mills, 
the  former  a  native  of  Belfast,  Ireland,  and  the  latter  of  Hamilton,  Ontario.  They 
'vere  married  in  the  province  of  Ontario  and  for  a  few  years  lived  at  Burford. 


240  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

They  next  went  to  Toronto  and  for  many  years  the  father,  who  was  a  capitalist, 
continued  to  reside  in  that  city.  He  died  in  1891,  his  wife  having  preceded  him  in 
1889.  They  were  the  parents  of  six  children:  William  Lennox,  bishop  of  the 
Church  of  England  of  the  province  of  Ontario;  Eliza;  Mrs.  Mary  Cornwall,  the 
wife  of  Dr.  Cornwall,  of  Omemee,  Ontario ;  John  A.,  of  Vancouver ;  James  A., 
deceased,  who  practiced  as  barrister  at  Mills,  Traverse,  Keyes  and  other  places, 
being  engaged  in  the  profession  for  about  twenty  years ;  and  one  who  died  in 
infancy. 

After  pursuing  his  early  education  in  the  graded  and  high  schools  of  Toronto, 
Dr.  Mills  attended  Toronto  University,  matriculating  in  arts  in  1885.  He  gradu- 
ated in  medicine  in  1890.  After  carefully  and  thoroughly  preparing  for  his  pro- 
fession he  began  practice  in  Toronto  where  he  remained  for  a  short  time.  In 
the  same  year,  however,  he  came  to  Vancouver  and  immediately  engaged  in  prac- 
tice. Here  he  has  since  continued  and  in  the  intervening  period,  covering  almost 
a  quarter  of  a  century,  he  has  steadily  advanced,  being  now  one  of  the  capable 
physicians  of  the  city.  He  has  been  a  member  of  the  medical  staff  of  Vancouver 
General  Hospital  for  the  past  fifteen  years  and  in  addition  to  his  hospital  work  his 
private  practice  is  important.  He  belongs  to  the  British  Columbia  Medical  Asso- 
ciation and  the  Vancouver  Medical  Association  and  thus  keeps  in  touch  with  the 
advanced  thought  and  work  of  the  profession.  He  was  medical  examiner  for  the 
New  York  Life  Insurance  Company  for  a  number  of  years  and  for  the  Odd  Fel- 
lows Society  for  seventeen  years. 

Dr.  Mills  was  married  in  New  Westminster,  British  Columbia,  June  26,  1894, 
to  Miss  Marguerite  Murchie,  a  daughter  of  David  Murchie,  a  retired  resident  of 
New  Westminster.  They  have  two  children,  Lennox  A.  and  Reginald  C.  The 
former  was  enrolled  as  pupil  in  the  King  Edward  high  school  at  the  age  of  ten 
years  and  matriculated  in  McGill  University  at  the  age  of  fourteen,  being  admitted 
to  the  college  at  that  time  by  a  special  act  of  the  board.  It  is  a  rule  that  no  one 
under  sixteen  years  can  enter  this  school  and  Lennox  Mills,  being  admitted  at  the 
age  of  fourteen,  thereby  holds  the  record  for  all  of  Canada  as  being  the  youngest 
student  to  be  admitted  to  this  institution  of  learning.  Dr.  Mills  holds  membership 
in  Western  Star  Lodge,  No.  10,  I.  O.  O.  F.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Church  of 
England.  He  holds  to  high  professional  standards  and  is  most  careful  to  con- 
form his  practice  to  the  most  rigid  professional  ethics. 


PERCY   SEWELL   HOWARD. 

Percy  Sewell  Howard,  one  of  the  best  known  expert  accountants  in  Van- 
couver, with  offices  in  the  Dominion  Trust  building,  is  a  native  of  Manitoba, 
born  in  Winnipeg  on  the  2Oth  of  April,  1886.  He  is  a  son  of  George  R'.  and 
Jane  Frances  (Sewell)  Howard,  the  former  a  native  of  Norfolk,  England,  and 
the  latter,  of  Woodstock,  Ontario.  In  his  early  days  the  father  took  up  the 
study  of  law  and  after  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  was  for  many  years  promi- 
nently identified  with  a  general  legal  practice,  first  in  Toronto,  Ontario,  and 
subsequently  in  Winnipeg,  Manitoba,  where  he  was  a  member  of  the  well  known 
firm  of  Patterson  &  Howard.  He  became  connected  with  a  great  deal  of  im- 
portant litigation  and'  left  the  impress  of  his  work  and  personality  upon  the 
legal  history  of  that  city,  but  he  eventually  laid  aside  the  cares  of  active  pro- 
fessional life  and  in  1911  moved  to  Vancouver,  where  he  is  now  living  in 
retirement. 

Percy  Sewell  Howard  was  reared  at  home,  acquiring  his  education  in  St. 
John's  Boys'  School  at  Winnipeg.  At  the  age  of  seventeen  he  became  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Royal  Northwest  Mounted  Police,  serving  as  a  member  of  that 
body  for  three  years,  after  which  he  accepted  service  with  Webb,  Read  &  Hegan, 
the  leading  firm  of  accountants  in  Winnipeg,  and  with  them  he  remained  for 
two  years,  gaining  during  that  time  a  thorough  and  exhaustive  training  in  the 


PKHC'Y  S.  HOWARD 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  243 

occupation  which  has  since  become  his  life  work.  When  he  left  Winnipeg  he 
>-ame  west  and  located  at  Saskatoon,  Saskatchewan,  where  he  opened  an  account- 
ng  office  for  himself,  displaying  such  ability  in  his  work  that  he  was  subse- 
quently made  official  auditor  for  the  province  of  Saskatchewan.  This  position 
lie  filled  with  credit  and  distinction  until  1910,  when  he  pushed  farther  west, 
locating  in  Vancouver,  where  he  has  since  been  prominent  among  the  leading 
expert  accountants  of  the  city.  His  patronage  is  large  and  representative  and 
is  in  itself  an  acknowledgment  of  his  superior  ability,  his  expert  skill  in  his 
.•^pecial  line,  and  of  his  unquestioned  business  integrity.  He  is  still  a  young 
man  but  his  career  lies  far  before  him  and  will  undoubtedly  lead  to  wealth, 
prominence  and  well  earned  distinction  in  his  chosen  field. 

On  the  i6th  of  December,  1908,  Air.  Howard  was  united  in  marriage  to 
[.liss  Margaret  Elinor  Collier,  a  native  of  Cornwall,  England,  and  a  daugh- 
ter of  Captain  Eben  R.  Collier,  who  was  for  many  years  a  captain  in  the 
Indian  marine  service  and  who  died  in  India  after  his  retirement.  His  wife, 
who  was  in  her  maidenhood  Margaret  J.  Roberts,  survives  him  and  makes  her 
1  ome  in  London.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Howard  have  two  children,  Hernard  Collier 
;  nd  Richard  Robert.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Church  of  England. 
?Ir.  Howard  is  a  member  of  the  Association  of  Northwest  Mounted  Police, 
just  organized,  with  Vancouver  as  headquarters  and  branch  societies  in  all 
]  arts  of  the  Dominion.  This  association  is  composed  of  ex-members  of  the 
Mounted  Police.  Although  one  of  the  later  arrivals  in  Vancouver,  he  has 
already  established  himself  as  a  factor  in  its  business  life  and  he  holds  the 
confidence,  respect  and  high  regard  of  all  who  are  in  any  way  associated  with 
1  im. 


;  ALBERT  EDWARD  BOLTOX,  M.  D. 

Dr.  Albert  Edward  Bolton,  physician  and  surgeon  of  Vancouver,  with  an 
extensive  general  practice,  while  his  hospital  service,  too,  has  been  of  a  most 
important  and  valuable  character,  was  born  September  9,  1862,  in  Xewboro, 
Ontario,  a  son  of  John  and  Mary  Bolton.  He  supplemented  his  early  education 
bv'  a  high  school  course  in  Athens,  Ontario,  and  his  university  course  was  pursued 
in  Queen's  College  of  Kingston,  Ontario,  in  which  he  spent  three  years.  He  then 
entered  the  University  of  New  York,  from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1888  with 
the  M.  D.  degree,  and,  thus  well  qualified  for  professional  duties,  he  came  to 
British  Columbia  in  1889,  remaining  in  active  practice  in  Port  Simpson  from  that 
V'Jar  until  1902.  After  residing  there  for  three  years  he  was  appointed  in  1892 
t(  the  position  of  superintendent  of  the  Port  Simpson  General  Hospital  and  so 
continued  during  the  following  decade.  He  was  thereafter  an  active  practitioner 
o"  Victoria  until  1905,  in  which  year  he  came  to  Vancouver,  where  he  has  since 
nmained  in  general  practice.  His  knowledge  of  all  departments  of  medical  and 
surgical  science  is  broad  and  his  skill  has  constantly  increased  by  reason  of  his 
growing  experience  and  his  wide  reading  and  research.  He  is  greatly  interested 
in  anything  which  tends  to  bring  to  man  the  key  to  the  complex  myste'ry  which  we 
c;  11  life  and  at  all  times  he  conforms  his  practice  to  the  highest  standard  of  pro- 
fessional ethics.  In  1885  he  was  a  member  of  the  Ambulance  Corps  of  the  Prin- 
ciss  of  Wales  Own  Rifles  and  remained  in  connection  with  that  organization  for 
stveral  years.  Aside  from  his  practice  he  has  business  interests,  being  a  director 
in  the  Terminal  Press  Company,  Ltd. 

On  the  2d  of  October,  1889,  in  Athens,  Ontario,  Dr.  Bolton  was  married  to 
Miss  Nellie  Bailey  Blanchard,  a  daughter  of  Amos  W.  and  Isabel  Blanchard. 
T  ic  children  of  this  marriage  are  Isabel,  Grace,  Dorothea  and  Marion.  The 
se  :ond  daughter  has  graduated  from  McGill  University  at  Montreal,  winning  her 
Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  in  May,  1913. 

Dr.  Bolton  is  a  conservative  but  has  never  been  active  in  politics.  He  was 
a  member  of  the  school  board  in  Victoria  in  1905  and  since  1890  has  been 

Vol.  IV— 9 


244  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

a  justice  of  the  peace  for  British  Columbia.  He  and  his  family  attend  the  Meth- 
odist church,  in  which  he  holds  membership  and  acts  as  local  preacher.  He  also 
serves  as  vice  president  of  the  Vancouver  Rescue  Mission.  His  interests  and 
activities  have  always  been  along  lines  looking  to  the  betterment  of  the  individual 
and  the  community  and  his  influence  is  ever  on  the  side  of  right,  justice,  truth  and 
improvement. 


CAPTAIN  MALCOLM  McLEOD. 

The  life  of  Captain  Malcolm  McLeod  furnishes  many  splendid  examples  of  the 
value  of  industry,  determination  and  courage  in  the  accomplishment  of  suc- 
cess, for  it  has  been  long  and  eventful  and  filled  with  many  hardships  and  dis- 
couragements, all  of  which  have  been  faced  bravely  and  finally  overcome.  For 
thirty-five  years  he  followed  the  sea  in  various  capacities,  although  he  was  gen- 
erally master  of  a  vessel,  and  during  that  time  he  gained  a  reputation  for  expert 
seamanship  and  a  thorough  and  practical  knowledge  of  the  science  of  naviga- 
tion. 

Captain  McLeod  was  born  on  Prince  Edward  Island,  in  October,  1836,  a  son 
of  Roderick  and  Catherine  McLeod,  who  came  from  the  north  of  Scotland  in  the 
early  part  of  the  year  1800,  settling  on  Prince  Edward  Island,  where  the  father 
engaged  in  farming  until  his  death.  Captain  McLeod  acquired  his  education  in 
the  public  schools  of  his  native  province  but  at  a  very  early  age  was  obliged  to 
lay  aside  his  books  in  order  to  assist  with  the  operation  of  the  homestead.  He 
also  employed  part  of  his  time  learning  the  shipbuilding  business  and  he  con- 
tinued thus  until  he  was  twenty-two  years  of  age.  He  then  joined  the  govern- 
ment survey  party  that  was  making  a  survey  of  the  Newfoundland  and  Nova 
Scotia  coast  in  order  to  finish  Bayfield's  chart.  He  remained  with  this  party, 
which  was  under  the  command  of  Captain  Orlebar,  until  its  work  was  com- 
pleted— a  period  of  two  years.  Determining  then  to  become  more  proficient  in 
seamanship,  he  went  to  England,  where  he  engaged  in  the  merchant  marine 
service,  making  several  voyages  across  the  Atlantic,  principally  as  chief  officer. 
He  afterward  followed  the  sea  before  the  mast  for  four  years  in  order  to  get  the 
benefit  of  a  wide  experience  and  eventually  he  returned  to  his  old  home  on  Prince 
Edward  Island.  However,  he  remained  only  a  short  time,  embarking  soon  after- 
ward as  master  of  a  vessel,  which  he  sailed  for  one  year.  While  in  New  York 
a  merchant  of  his  acquaintance,  recognizing  Captain  McLeod's  sterling  qualities 
and  his  ability  as  a  seaman,  formed  a  partnership  with  him,  buying  the  vessel,  of 
which  he  made  Captain  McLeod  half  owner  and  master.  The  latter  sailed  this 
ship  for  four  years,  making  a  great  deal  of  money  during  that  time  both  for  him- 
self and  his  partner.  Eventually,  however,  he  sold  the  ship  in  Glasgow  and 
bought  the  Solario,  of  which  he  became  sole  owner.  Captain  McLeod  sailed  this 
himself  for  two  years  but  finally  the  great  increase  in  the  volume  of  his  business 
made  it  necessary  for  him  to  remain  on  land.  He  put  the  vessel  in  charge  of  a 
new  master,  who  proved  very  incompetent,  and  it  was  wrecked  on  the  rocks  of 
Jamaica,  Captain  McLeod  sustaining  a  heavy  loss.  After  this  misfortune  he 
retired  from  the  seafaring  life  and  made  his  residence  in  Charlottetown,  Prince 
Edward  Island,  placing  the  greater  portion  of  his  fortune  in  the  Prince  Edward 
Island  Bank.  This  institution  soon  afterward  failed  and  Captain  McLeod's  sav- 
ings were  lost  with  the  rest.  With  characteristic  courage  and  determination  he 
made  up  his  mind  to  start  anew  in  the  west  and  accordingly,  in  1887,  came  with 
his  family  to  British  Columbia,  where  he  first  engaged  in  the  real-estate  business 


CAPTATX  MALCOLM  MrLEOD 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  247 

and  later  contracted  to  build  the  dykes  on  Lulu  island,  Maple  Ridge  and  Coquit- 
lam.  He  carried  this  work  forward  to  successful  completion  and  in  1892  was 
appointed  harbor  master  at  Vancouver.  He  proved  very  capable  in  this  office 
and  filled  it  creditably  and  ably  for  fourteen  years  thereafter,  being  especially 
well  fitted  for  its  duties  because  of  his  long  training  in  seamanship  and  his  thorough 
acquaintance  with  the  laws  and  regulations  governing  shipping.  It  was  not  because 
of  any  lack  of  ability  or  official  integrity  but  rather  through  the  schemes  of  polit- 
ical enemies  whose  disfavor  Captain  McLeod  had  incurred  in  the  faithful  discharge 
of  his  duties  that  he  was  finally  compelled  to  leave  this  position.  His  enemies 
made  serious  charges  against  him  in  the  Ottawa  office  and  in  order  to  dis- 
prove them  Captain  McLeod  made  a  personal  visit  to  the  minister,  taking  with 
him  letters  which  were  given  him  by  the  men  controlling  large  shipping  inter- 
ests in  Vancouver,  with  whom  he  had  had  dealings  for  so  many  years. 
After  reading  these  and  studying  the  charges  made  the  minister  thoroughly  ex- 
onerated Captain  McLeod,  saying  that  he  was  convinced  that  he  had  done  only 
his  duty.  Since  that  time  Captain  McLeod  has  lived  a  comparatively  retired 
life  in  his  home  in  Vancouver,  having  through  successful  real-estate  investments 
in  property  in  and  about  the  city  accumulated  a  substantial  fortune,  which  enables 
him  to  spend  his  declining  years  in  ease  and  comfort. 

Captain  McLeod  married  Miss  Abigail  Cogswell,  of  Prince  Edward  Island, 
and  they  have  become  the  parents  of  three  children,  one  son  and  two  (laughters. 
The  Captain  is  independent  in  his  political  beliefs  and  is  connected  fraternally 
with  the  Masonic  lodge  and  the  Loyal  Orange  lodge,  of  which  he  is  the  oldest 
member  in  British  Columbia.  In  this  connection  it  is  of  interest  to  state  that 
Captain  McLeod,  when  but  ten  years  of  age,  was  a  witness  to  the  famous  polit- 
ical riot  at  Belfast,  Prince  Edward  Island,  in  which  the  Catholic  and  Protestant 
voters  participated.  They  battled  at  the  voting  place  for  precedence  with  clubs 
md  sticks,  and  a  number  were  killed.  His  father  and  brothers  took  part  in  that 
nemorable  fight  for  right  and  justice,  and  the  former  was  injured  and  as  a 
-esult  made  ill  for  three  months.  The  Protestants  had  been  induced  to  lay  aside 
:heir  sticks,  but  their  good  faith  was  misplaced  and  the  first  voter  was  beaten 
o  death.  To  see  that  justice  maintained  at  subsequent  elections,  the  military 
was  always  called  out,  but  the  independence  and  tolerance  of  the  ballot  was 
gained  by  this  riot.  Our  subject  viewed  the  desperate  struggle  from  a  distant 
lill.  The  home  of  Captain  McLeod  is  situated  at  1155  Burnaby  street  and  bears 
he  name  of  Schelma,  the  same  as  the  hall  used  in  the  early  times  by  the  Highl- 
anders as  a  place  of  refuge  during  their  struggles  with  the  Scandinavians.  Cap- 
ain  McLeod  belongs  to  the  Presbyterian  church  and  is  known  as  a  man  of 
exemplary  character  and  unblemished  integrity — upright,  straightforward  and 
honorable  in  all  the  relations  of  life. 


THOMAS  JOSEPH  JONES,  L.  D.  S. 

Dr.  Thomas  Joseph  Jones,  actively  engaged  in  dental  practice  in  Victoria,  is 
regarded  as  one  of  the  eminent  representatives  of  the  profession  in  the  province. 
Moreover,  his  efforts  have  been  of  direct  value  to  the  profession  inasmuch  as  he 
was  instrumental  in  having  the  first  dental  law  passed  in  British  Columbia,  while 
:.t  all  times  he  has  upheld  the  highest  professional  standards.  Dr.  Jones  was  born 
November  4,  1844,  in  Toronto,  Ontario,  and  comes  of  Irish  ancestry,  his  parents, 
'nhomas  and  Sarah  (Conway)  Jones,  having  been  natives  of  County  Cork,  Ireland. 
The  father  was  a  plasterer  and  building  contractor,  learning  and  following  his 
trades  on  the  Emerald  isle  until  the  early  '403,  when  he  emigrated  with  his  wife 
to  Canada,  settling  in  Toronto,  then  Upper  Canada,  now  Ontario.  There  he  con- 
tinued in  his  line  of  business  for  a  few  years  or  until  the  time  of  his  death,  which 
resulted  from  an  accident  while  he  was  engaged  in  the  building  contracting  business 
in  that  city.  His  widow  continued  to  make  Toronto  her  place  of  residence  until 


248  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

she  was  called  to  her  final  rest  in  1887.  Both  the  paternal  and  maternal  grand- 
parents of  Dr.  Jones  were  also  natives  of  Ireland  and  in  that  land  spent  their 
entire  lives. 

Dr.  Jones'  early  education  consisted  of  a  course  in  the  normal  school  in  To- 
ronto, Upper  Canada,  followed  by  preparation  for  the  practice  of  dentistry  as  a 
student  in  the  office  and  under  the  direction  of  Dr.  G.  L.  Elliott,  of  Toronto,  who 
at  that  time  was  the  most  eminent  representative  of  the  profession  in  Canada. 
There  were  no  colleges  or  schools  of  dentistry  in  the  Dominion  until  some  years 
later.  Having  qualified  to  practice  his  profession,  Dr.  Jones  left  the  office  of  his 
preceptor  and  in  1863  located  in  Bowmanville,  Upper  Canada,  where  he  remained 
in  the  active  practice  of  dentistry  until  1872.  Just  prior  to  that  date  he  secured 
his  L.  D.  S.  degree  in  the  Royal  College  of  Dental  Surgeons.  It  was  conferred 
upon  him  on  the  2d  of  June,  1868.  The  lure  of  the  west  was  upon  him  and  in 
1872  he  removed  to  St.  Catharines,  Ontario,  where  he  formed  a  partnership  with 
Dr.  Klotz.  This  connection  was  maintained  continuously  until  1883,  at  which 
time  Dr.  Jones  sold  out  to  his  partner.  He  had  won  substantial  success  during  his 
residence  at  that  place  but  disposed  of  his  interests  in  order  to  carry  out  his 
desire  of  moving  farther  west — a  desire  prompted  considerably  by  ill  health. 
1  le  was  advised  to  investigate  opportunities  in  Oregon  and  made  his  way  to  that 
state  but  remained  only  a  short  time,  for  his  health  did  not  improve  there.  He 
heard  that  Victoria  offered  excellent  climatic  conditions  and  also  exceptional 
opportunities  for  the  practice  of  his  profession  and  in  the  latter  part  of  1883  he 
arrived  in  this  city,  lie  opened  offices  at  the  corner  of  Yates  and  Broad  streets 
and  in  a  comparatively  short  time  regained  his  health  and  met  with  substantial 
success.  In  1885  his  practice  had  increased  to  such  an  extent  that  it  became 
necessary  to  secure  larger  quarters  and  upon  the  completion  of  the  new  bank 
building  at  the  corner  of  Government  and  Fort  streets  he  removed  to  that  loca- 
tion, where  he  has  remained  to  the  present  time.  His  laboratory  and  office 
ap]x>intments  are  all  that  are  essential  to  the  successful  practice  of  his  profes- 
sion and  added  thereto  are  the  skill  and  ingenuity  which  he  displays  in  the  actual 
work  of  his  calling.  He  is  now  the  senior  practicing  dentist  of  British  Columbia, 
having  remained  in  Victoria  for  thirty  years.  He  owes  his  unusual  success  to 
his  unfaltering  ambition,  to  his  progressive  spirit  and  his  devotion  to  his  chosen 
calling  and  although  now  well  advanced  in  years,  his  ability  has  never  diminished 
and  his  long  and  valuable  experience  has  qualified  him  for  expert  work  in  his 
chosen  profession.  He  has  at  all  times  stood  for  advancement  and  for  the  up- 
holding of  high  ideals.  He  believes  that  an  advanced  standard  should  be  main- 
tained, and  with  that  end  in  view  he  labored  untiringly  to  secure  the  passage 
of  the  first  dental  law  of  the  province.  As  he  has  prospered  he  has  invested  in 
real  estate  and  is  the  owner  of  considerable  property,  both  business  and  resi- 
dential, in  the  city  of  Victoria.  On  the  organization  of  the  first  street  railway 
company  of  Victoria,  two  of  its  principal  promoters  being  D.  W.  Higgins  and 
Captain  Warren,  Dr.  Jones  was  elected  to  the  vice  presidency  of  the  company. 

While  a  resident  of  St.  Catharines,  Dr.  Jones  was  elected  alderman  and  served 
for  eight  years,  being  the  choice  of  the  people  for  eight  consecutive  terms.  He 
has  always  been  a  strong  liberalist  and  has  taken  an  active  interest  in  the  politi- 
cal welfare  of  the  Dominion  as  well  as  in  matters  of  local  significance  and 
importance.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Canadian  Club  and  served  as  its  president  in 
1910.  His  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Church  of  England  and  for  nine  years  he 
served  as  church  warden  under  the  late  Bishop  Hill. 

In  December,  1864,  Dr.  Jones  was  united  in  marriage  in  Bowmanville,  Upper 
Canada,  to  Miss  Susana  George,  who  died  in  1908,  survived  by  their  only  son, 
Thomas  Harry  Jones.  Mrs.  Jones  was  the  daughter  of  Thomas  and  Ann  (Har- 
vey) George  and  came  of  English  lineage,  her  ancestors  emigrating  from  Corn- 
wall, England,  to  Canada  in  the  early  '405,  at  which  time  a  location  was  made 
in  Bowmanville,  Upper  Canada.  Mr.  George  was  a  landowner,  farmer  and 
stock-raiser.  He  passed  away  in  1872,  while  his  wife  survived  until  1881.  On 
the  25th  of  August,  1912,  Dr.  Jones  was  married  in  Vancouver  to  Miss  Annie 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  249 

Webster,  of  English  parentage,  a  daughter  of  Thomas  Webster,  a  mining  in- 
spector of  Cornwall,  England,  who  emigrated  from  that  country  and  settled  in 
Port  Hope,  Upper  Canada.  Thomas  Harry  Jones,  only  son  and  child  of  the 
Doctor,  was  born  in  1865,  in  Bowmanville,  Upper  Canada,  and  is  now  associated 
with  his  father  in  the  practice  of  dentistry.  He  began  study  for  his  professional 
career  in  his  father's  office  and  won  the  D.  D.  S.  degree  in  the  Philadelphia  Den- 
tal College  of  Philadelphia,  Pennsylvania. 

In  early  life  Dr.  Thomas  J.  Jones  was  an  enthusiastic  cricketer,  but  having 
met  with  an  accident  in  the  pursuit  of  his  favorite  sport,  he  was  obliged  to  give 
up  what  has  been  his  only  hobby.  The  Jones  residence,  known  as  Dundalk,  stands 
in  the  midst  of  beautiful  grounds  at  the  southwest  corner  of  Linden  and  Rockland 
avenues  in  Victoria.  Here  Dr.  Jones  still  makes  his  home  and,  although  now  well 
advanced  in  years,  he  is  yet  in  robust  health,  is  distinguished  in  appearance  and 
seems  in  spirit  and  in  interests  a  man  of  much  younger  age.  He  is  ever  courteous 
and  considerate  of  the  welfare  of  others  and  his  many  admirable  qualities  have 
won  him  the  warm  friendship  and  high  regard  of  those  with  whom  he  has  come 
in  contact.  It  is  a  matter  of  great  pleasure  to  him  to  continue  actively  in  the 
practice  of  his  profession  assisted  by  his  son,  and  the  dental  fraternity  of  British 
Columbia  honors  him  as  its  dean  and  as  one  who  throughout  all  the  passing  years 
has  kept  in  the  foremost  rank,  thoroughly  conversant  with  the  latest  discoveries 
and  improvements  known  to  dental  science. 


FREDERICK  JAMES  FIELDS. 

Frederick  James  Fields  has  made  for  himself  a  creditable  position  among 
those  who  are  acting  as  financial,  real-estate  and  insurance  agents  in  Vancouver. 
He  established  a  business  in  1910  and  in  the  intervening  period  it  has  steadily 
grown  so  that  he  now  has  a  gratifying  patronage.  He  was  born  in  Hamilton, 
Ontario,  August  8,  1862,  and  is  a  son  of  Philip  and  Mary  Fields,  both  of  whom 
are  deceased.  He  pursued  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Hamilton  to  the 
age  of  seventeen  years,  when  he  put  aside  his  text-books  and  accepted  a  position 
as  commercial  traveler,  in  which  connection  he  traveled  through  Canada  and  the 
United  States  for  various  houses  through  the  succeeding  nineteen  years.  His 
ability  in  that  direction  was  widely  acknowledged  and  he  secured  large  business 
for  different  houses  with  which  he  was  connected.  In  1897,  however,  he  left 
he  road  and  went  to  the  Maritime  provinces,  landing  at  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick, on  the  date  of  the  Queen's  Jubilee.  He  remained  there  for  five  years  and 
engaged  in  the  brokerage  business,  but  the  opportunities  of  the  northwest  attracted 
aim  and  in  1904  he  went  to  Edmonton,  Alberta,  where  he  was  engaged  in  the  real- 
istate  business  until  1910.  He  then  came  to  Vancouver,  British  Columbia,  and 
las  since  been  engaged  in  the  real-estate,  financial  agent  and  insurance  business, 
n  which  connection  he  has  made  continuous  progress.  He  is  thoroughly  versed 
n  property  values  and  has  not  only  negotiated  various  important  real-estate  trans- 
:ers  but  as  financial  agent  has  also  made  many  investments  for  others.  He  like- 
.vise  writes  a  considerable  amount  of  insurance  annually,  representing  a  number 
)f  the  old-line  companies.  He  is  a  director  of  the  Alberta  Financial  Corporation, 
Limited. 

On  the  8th  of  October,  1903,  in  Sault  Ste.  Marie,  Ontario,  Mr.  Fields  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Minnie  Morrison,  a  daughter  of  John  and  Mary  Jane 
(Ivey)  Morrison,  the  latter  a  sister  of  John  Ivey,  a  wholesale  milliner  of  Toronto. 
Vlr.  Fields  has  been  identified  with  the  Masonic  fraternity  since  his  residence 
n  New  Brunswick,  having  there  joined  Hibernia  Lodge  No.  3,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  at 
St.  John.  He  was  one  of  the  originators  and  charter  members  of  Melrose 
^odge  of  Vancouver  and  is  an  exemplary  representative  of  the  craft,  to  the 
1  cachings  and  purposes  of  which  he  is  always  loyal.  In  club  circles  he  is  well 
known  as  a  member  of  the  Progress  Club  and  a  director  of  the  Amateur  Driv- 


250  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

ing  Club  and  the  Vancouver  Exhibition  Association.  His  identification  with 
the  first  and  last  named  organizations  indicates  his  interest  in  all  that  pertains 
to  Vancouver's  welfare  and  upbuilding,  for  he  cooperates  in  the  various  move- 
ments put  forth  for  public  good. 


ROBERT  TELFORD,  M.  D.,  C.  M.;  F.  R.  C.  S.  (E.). 

A  thorough  and  comprehensive  knowledge  of  the  underlying  principles  of 
medicine,  a  realization  and  an  appreciation  of  the  true  meaning  of  life  and  its 
ultimate  purposes,  the  interest  of  the  scientist  and  the  conscientiousness  of  the 
true  physician,  form  the  basis  of  the  success  of  Dr.  Robert  Telford  and  have 
made  him  one  of  the  most  able  and  prominent  members  of  the  medical  profes- 
sion in  Vancouver.  Specializing  in  surgery,  he  controls  an  important  practice 
in  the  city  and  the  high  regard  in  which  he  is  held  by  the  local  public  and  his 
professional  associates  testifies  to  his  skill  and  ability  which  are  further  evidenced 
in  the  excellent  results  which  have  attended  his  labors.  He  was  born  in  Beverly 
township,  Wentworth  county,  Ontario,  on  the  I3th  of  June,  1869,  a  son  of  Robert 
and  Mary  (Tennant)  Telford,  the  former  a  native  of  Carlisle,  England,  and  the 
latter  of  Ontario,  of  Scotch  parentage.  Throughout  his  entire  active  career  the 
father  followed  farming  in  Wentworth  county  and  he  and  his  wife  still  make 
their  home  in  that  section. 

The  public  schools  of  his  native  region  afforded  Dr.  Telford  his  early  edu- 
cational opportunities  and  he  afterward  attended  collegiate  institute  in  Hamil- 
ton, Ontario.  Following  this  he  came  in  1891  to  British  Columbia  where,  after 
taking  a  teacher's  certificate,  he  taught  in  the  public  schools  on  Vancouver 
island  for  three  years.  At  the  end  of  that  time  he  entered  McGill  University 
in  Montreal  and  in  the  spring  of  1898  graduated  in  medicine  from  that  institu- 
tion, immediately  afterward  taking  up  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  Nanaimo, 
British  Columbia.  Here  he  remained  for  one  year  after  which  he  went  to  Che- 
mainus  where  he  did  able  work  as  physician  at  the  mills  of  the  Chemainus  Lum- 
ber Company  for  three  years.  During  the  summer  and  fall  of  1902  he  spent  five 
months  at  post-graduate  work  in  Chicago  and  Montreal  and  he  has  never  con- 
sidered his  medical  education  complete,  remaining  always  a  close  and  earnest 
student  of  the  underlying  principles  of  medicine  and  keeping  constantly  in  touch 
with  the  most  advanced  and  progressive  professional  thought.  In  1902  he  re- 
turned to  British  Columbia  and  settled  in  Vancouver  where  he  again  turned 
his  attention  to  general  practice,  building  up  in  two  years  a  large  and  representa- 
tive patronage  and  winning  a  high  and  honored  place  in  medical  circles  of  the 
city.  With  Dr.  Telford  as  with  all  true  scientists,  increasing  knowledge  brought 
with  it  the  desire  to  go  still  further  into  fields  of  medical  research,  the  desire  to  ad- 
vance in  his  profession  and  to  exhaust  its  utmost  possibilities,  for  he  believed  that 
with  his  selection  of  medicine  as  a  life  work  he  had  assumed  responsibilities  which 
could  be  fulfilled  only  by  constant  study,  individual  research  and  the  exhaustive  de- 
velopment of  his  best  powers  and  talents.  With  a  view  therefore  to  increasing  his 
proficiency  in  his  chosen  field  he  went  to  Edinburgh,  Scotland,  where  he  entered 
the  Royal  College  of  Surgeons,  taking  a  special  course  in  surgery  and  obtaining 
from  the  institution  the  degree  of  F.  R.  C.  S.  Since  that  time,  while  maintain- 
ing a  general  practice,  he  has  specialized  in  surgery,  and  has  accomplished  some 
remarkable  results  along  this  line,  combining  with  his  exhaustive  knowledge  of 
the  principles  which  underlie  successsful  surgical  operations,  the  delicacy  of 
touch,  the  steady  hand,  the  clear  head,  the  self-confidence  and  the  courage  which 
are  indispensable  elements  in  the  surgeon's  equipment.  With  his  increasing  repu- 
tation his  practice  has  grown  steadily  and  it  has  reached  extensive  and  important 
proportions  at  the  present  time.  He  is  undoubtedly  one  of  the  most  brilliant, 
able  and  successful  professional  men  in  Vancouver  and  his  prominence  is  the 
mere  outward  sign  of  superior  merit  and  accomplishments. 


DR.  ROBERT  TELFORD 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  253 

Dr.  Telford  is  the  proprietor  of  Burrard  Sanitarium,  an  institution  which  he 
erected  in  1903  and  which  he  has  since  successfully  conducted,  finding  here  a 
place  where  his  own  medical  theories  may  be  followed  and  their  value  demon- 
strated and  filling  also  a  long-felt  want  in  the  city.  He  has  other  valuable  prop- 
erty in  Vancouver  and  upon  a  portion  of  it  is  erecting  a  modern,  ten-story, 
reinforced  concrete  apartment  house,  which  when  completed  will  contain  one 
hundred  and  twenty  furnished  apartments.  It  is  his  intention  later  to  carry  the 
building  through  to  Georgia  street  and  this  will  double  the  size  of  the  original 
structure,  making  a  total  of  two  hundred  and  forty  apartments. 

On  the  agth  of  July,  1902,  Dr.  Telford  was  united  in  marriage  in  St.  Andrew's 
Presbyterian  church,  Vancouver,  to  Miss  Ella  Maude  Monroe,  a  daughter  of 
Daniel  Monroe  of  the  British  Canadian  Lumber  Corporation  of  this  city.  They 
have  become  the  parents  of  four  children:  Gordon  Donald,  Douglas,  Jean  Rob- 
erta and  Kenneth  Monroe.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Presbyterian  church. 
Dr.  Telford  is  connected  fraternally  with  Temple  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of 
Duncan,  British  Columbia,  and  belongs  to  the  Loyal  Orange  lodge  and  the  Order 
of  Foresters.  Although  not  active  as  an  office  seeker  he  takes  an  intelligent  in- 
terest in  politics  and  gives  his  hearty  and  ready  cooperation  to  all  projects  and 
measures  for  community  advancement.  His  attention  is,  however,  largely  cen- 
tered upon  his  profession,  of  which  he  is  one  of  the  most  able  representatives 
in  the  city,  his  close  conformity  to  high  standards  of  medical  ethics  gaining  him 
:he  regard  of  his  professional  brethren  and  his  important  accomplishments  in 
:he  field  of  medicine  and  surgery  winning  for  him  a  high  .standing  with  the  local 
jublic. 


PERCIVAL  GARRET  SILLS. 

Percival  Garret  Sills,  since  1899  a  resident  of  British  Columbia  and  since 
1907  manager  of  the  Western  Lumber  &  Shingle  Company  at  Vancouver,  was 
x>rn  in  Winchester,  Ontario,  August  n,  1885,  a  son  of  George  Percival  and 
Vlyra  (Green)  Sills,  the  former  now  a  resident  of  Sperling,  British  Columbia, 
#here  he  is  manager  of  the  mills  of  the  Salmon  River  Lumber  &  Shingle  Com- 
pany, an  enterprise  owned  by  him  and  his  son  Percival,  as  are  a  number  of 
}ther  mills  in  the  province.  G.  P.  Sills  is  a  native  of  Ontario  and  a  descendant 
)f  the  loyalist  family  of  Sills,  who,  with  other  United  Empire  Loyalists  came 
nto  Canada  at  the  time  of  the  American  Revolutionary  war,  settling  along  the 
3ay  of  Quinte  in  Ontario.  Throughout  his  entire  life  G.  P.  Sills  has  been 
engaged  in  the  sawmilling  and  lumber  business,  and  since  1898  has  resided  con- 
inuously  in  British  Columbia,  where  he  has  operated  extensively  in  the  manu- 
'acture  and  sale  of  lumber. 

Percival  G.  Sills  pursued  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Ottawa,  after 
vhich  he  engaged  in  newspaper  reportorial  work  on  the  Ottawa  Citizen  until  1899, 
vhen  he  came  to  British  Columbia,  joining  his  father  at  Barnett.  After  arriving 
:n  this  province  he  became  interested  in  the  sawmilling  and  lumber  business 
;ind  in  1907  associated  with  his  father,  established  the  Western  Lumber  & 
Shingle  Company  at  Vancouver,  since  which  time  he  has  shaped  its  policy  and 
controlled  its  interests  as  manager.  The  company  in  which  he  and  his  father 
:ire  the  leading  partners  have  important  industrial  interests  at  various  parts  of 
ihe  province,  as  is  indicated  in  the  fact  that  Percival  G.  Sills  is  a  director  of  the 
Mitchell  Lumber  Company,  a  director  of  the  Banner  Shingle  Company,  with 
mills  at  Crescent,  British  Columbia;  and  a  director  of  the  Salmon  River  Lum- 
ber &  Shingle  Company  at  Sterling,  British  Columbia;  and  a  director  of  the 
Melrose  Shingle  Company  at  Melrose,  British  Columbia.  The  above  companies 
control  fifteen  hundred  acres  of  timber,  containing  about  thirty-five  million  feet 
of  lumber,  showing  a  cruise  of  twenty-five  thousand  feet  to  the  acre,  the  various 
tracts  being  adjacent  to  the  different  mills.  The  output  of  these  mills  is  fifty 


254  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

carloads  per  month,  or  from  twenty-five  to  thirty  thousand  feet  of  lumber.  This 
entire  output  is  handled  by  the  Western  Lumber  &  Shingle  Company  and  has 
agents  for  outside  mills  that  handle  from  fifty  to  seventy  carloads  of  timber  per 
month.  The  enterprise  and  progressiveness  of  P.  G.  Sills  has  been  one  of  the 
salient  features  in  the  substantial  and  continuous  growth  of  the  business,  and  as 
manager  of  the  Vancouver  Company,  which  is  the  real  sales  department  of  the 
business,  he  has  shown  himself  equal  to  the  mastery  of  important  commercial 
problems  and  situations. 

On  the  2-).th  of  August,  1911,  Mr.  Sills  was  married  in  Vancouver  to  Miss 
Sophie  L.  Deane,  a  daughter  of  Evan  li.  and  Sophia  C.  Deane  of  this  city.  Their 
only  child  is  Percival  Deane  Sills.  The  parents  hold  membership  in  the  Anglican 
church  and  the  name  of  Mr.  Sills  is  found  on  the  membership  rolls  of  the 
Canadian  and  Royal  Vancouver  Yacht  Clubs.  He  is  a  young  man  of  notable 
business  ability  to  whom  opportunity  has  spelled  success.  He  seems  to  easily 
discriminate  between  the  essential  and  nonessential  in  business  affairs,  and 
keeping  abreast  with  the  progressive  spirit  of  the  times,  he  has  so  directed  his 
efforts  as  to  produce  the  most  gratifying  and  substantial  results. 


CHRISTOPHER  J.  LOAT. 

Although  but  thirty-two  years  of  age,  Christopher  J.  Loat  is  the  proprietor 
of  the  Fair,  one  of  the*  foremost  mercantile  establishments  of  Xew  Westminster, 
and  his  success  stands  in  proof  of  the  fact  that  this  is  the  age  of  the  young 
man's  achievement.  A  native  son  of  British  Columbia,  he  was  born  in  Departure 
Bay  on  August  15,  1881,  a  son  of  Christopher  and  Katherine  (Mackie)  Loat, 
the  father  a  native  of  London,  England,  and  the  mother  of  Lanarkshire,  Scot- 
land. Both  were  pioneers  of  British  Columbia,  the  father  locating  in  this  prov- 
ince in  1866.  With  heart  and  soul  he  was  a  free  trader,  and  on  the  event  of 
confederation  demonstrated  his  feelings  so  far  that  he  flew  his  flag  at  half- 
mast  on  account  of  the  event.  Mrs.  Loat  came  to  British  Columbia  about  1871. 
For  a  number  of  years  the  father  was  accountant  for  the  Hastings  Mills  and 
subsequently  served  in  the  same  capacity  for  R.  Dunsmuir  &  Sons  at  Departure 
Bay,  where  his  death  occurred  in  April,  1888.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Inde- 
pendent Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  was  well  known 
and  highly  respected  in  his  section  of  the  province.  The  mother  passed  away 
May  3,  1913,  in  Vancouver. 

Christopher  J.  Loat  was  reared  amid  the  influences  of  a  cultured  home  and 
educated  in  the  public  and  high  schools  of  Victoria,  being  graduated  from  the 
latter  institution.  Following  his  graduation  he  accepted  a  position  with 
the  Wellington  Colliery  Company  in  Victoria,  with  whom  he  remained  as  an 
accountant  for  fourteen  years,  giving  evidence  of  his  high  sense  of  honor,  his 
faithfulness,  his  stability,  capacity  for  hard  work  and  ready  understanding  of 
commercial  conditions.  In  1908  Mr.  Loat  came  to  New  Westminster  in  company 
with  A.  R.  Daniels  and  established  his  present  business,  of  which  he  is  now 
sole  proprietor.  The  Fair  has  become  one  of  the  important  mercantile  houses 
in  New  Westminster,  handling  to  a  large  extent  crockery  and  fancy-goods. 
They  carry  most  up-to-date  and  complete  lines,  Mr.  Loat  being  an  experienced 
buyer,  and  the  business  in  all  its  departments  is  directed  with  such  ability  that 
a  steady  growth  may  be  prophesied  for  it  in  the  future.  Not  even  the  smallest 
detail  Mr.  Loat  considers  unworthy  of  his  closest  attention  and  he  has  built 
up  a  service  and  a  spirit  among  his  employes  which  make  it  a  pleasure  to  trade 
at  his  store. 

In  1906  Mr.  Loat  married  Miss  Ada  Daniels,  a  daughter  of  the  late  Richard 
Daniels,  of  Victoria,  British  Columbia,  and  to  this  marriage  were  born  two  chil- 
dren, one  of  whom  survives,  A.  Winifred.  Both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Loat  are  devoted 
members  of  the  Church  of  England,  to  which  organization  they  give  their  earnest 


CHRISTOPHER  J.  LOAT 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  257 

and  helpful  support.  A  man  of  experience  and  ability,  Mr.  Loat  is  a  valuable 
factor  in  the  commercial  life  of  New  Westminster,  having  by  the  upbuilding 
of  his  private  enterprise  largely  contributed  to  the  commercial  growth  of  the 
city.  Every  movement  undertaken  to  promote  the  growth  of  the  community 
along  material,  moral  or  intellectual  lines  finds  his  ardent  support  and  many 
measures  which  have  benefited  the  public  must  be  credited  to  his  initiative.  The 
rapid  development  of  the  great  northwest  is  largely  due  to  just  such  men  as  Chris- 
topher J.  Loat,  who  in  their  virile  and  aggressive  policy  of  achievement  are  typi- 
cal and  representative  of  the  western  spirit. 


JAMES  GORDON"   McADAM. 

James  Gordon  McAdam  is  one  of  the  progressive  and  representative  business 
men  of  Vancouver,  being  a  member  of  the  grocery  firm  of  Mills  &  McAdam. 
He  was  born  in  Toronto,  Ontario,  on  the  I2th  of  November,  1855,  and  is  a 
son  of  James  and  Agnes  McAdam,  the  former  a  prominent  farmer  in  that 
province. 

The  public  schools  of  Morrow  afforded  James  Gordon  McAdam  his  educa- 
tional opportunities  and  after  he  had  laid  aside  his  books  he  turned  his  attention 
to  farming,  engaging  in  that  occupation  in  Ontario  until  1875.  1°  tnat  vear  ne 
came  to  British  Columbia  and  purchased  land  in  the  vicinity  of  Langley,  develop- 
ing there  a  profitable  farm.  This  land  is  still  in  his  possession,  but  in  1910 
Mr.  McAdam  moved  from  the  farm  and  came  to  Vancouver  where  in  partner- 
ship with  his  son-in-law,  A.  Mills,  he  entered  the  grocery  business,  the  firm 
being  known  as  Mills  &  McAdam. 

Mr.  McAdam  married  on  the  1st  of  Eebruary,  1882,  in  Mare  township, 
Ontario  county,  Ontario,  Miss  Martha  Thompson,  a  daughter  of  Xoah  and  Mary 
Thompson,  the  former  a  prominent  farmer  in  that  locality.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
McAdam  became  the  parents  of  six  children,  of  whom  only  one,  a  daughter, 
Agnes,  now  Mrs.  A.  Mills,  survives.  Mr.  McAdam  is  a  member  of  the  Presby- 
terian church  and  is  a  liberal  in  his  political  views,  taking  an  intelligent  interest 
in  community  affairs  without  being  active  as  an  office  seeker.  He  is  well  known 
among  the  leading  and  substantial  merchants  of  Vancouver  and  in  the  private 
relations  of  life  has  an  extensive  circle  of  warm  friends. 


HENRY  HARCUS  LEXNIE. 

Henry  Harcus  Lennie,  controlling  important  interests  in  New  Westminster 
as  an  insurance  agent  and  a  dealer  in  real  estate,  was  born  in  Edinburgh,  Scot- 
land, on  the  i  gth  of  October,  1869,  a  son  of  Rev.  Robert  and  Catherine  (Harcus) 
Lennie,  natives  of  the  Orkney  Islands.  The  father  was  reared  in  the  Presby- 
terian faith  but  on  reaching  manhood  espoused  the  Baptist  religion  and  was 
educated  for  the  ministry  under  Rev.  Spurgeon,  a  noted  Scottish  divine.  He 
was  subsequently  ordained  and  for  many  years  afterward  filled  a  pulpit  in 
Scotland,  coming  to  Canada  in  1871.  He  located  first  in  Ontario  and  there 
remained  until  1884  or  1885  when  he  went  to  Bellingham  (then  known  as 
\\hatcom),  Washington,  whence  one  year  later  he  came  to  British  Columbia. 
Locating  in  New  Westminster,  he  preached  for  a  time  in  the  old  courthouse, 
subsequently  building  a  church  of  his  own  on  Agnes  street,  a  structure  which 
was  entirely  destroyed  in  the  great  fire  of  1898.  Mr.  Lennie  preached  in  it  for 
a  number  of  years,  but  in  the  late  '8os  went  to  California  where  for  two  years 
he  filled  the  pulpit  of  the  Baptist  church  of  Xevada  City.  Eventually  he  returned 
to  British  Columbia  and  after  a  short  time  in  New  Westminster,  went  east, 
spending  six  years  in  Mount  Forest,  Ontario,  and  Sherbrooke,  Quebec.  At  the 


258  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

end  of  that  period  he  came  again  to  New  Westminster  and  divided  his  time 
between  his  duties  as  a  member  of  the  school  board  and  those  which  devolved 
upon  him  as  substitute  in  the  pulpits  of  various  ministers  during  the  absence 
of  the  regular  incumbent.  Afterward  he  was  made  minister  to  the  asylum  in 
New  Westminster  and  in  this  capacity  he  is  still  capably  serving,  being  widely 
recognized  as  an  important  factor  in  the  spread  of  religious  doctrines  in  this 
part  of  the  province. 

Henry  Harcus  Lennie  was  reared  in  the  home  of  his  parents,  and  acquired 
his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Ontario  and  New  Westminster.  At  the 
early  age  of  sixteen  he  began  earning  his  own  livelihood,  securing  a  position  as 
clerk  in  a  mercantile  establishment.  This  place  he  held  for  four  or  five  years  and 
at  the  end  of  that  time  accompanied  his  father  to  Nevada  City,  California,  where 
he  engaged  in  the  book  and  stationery  business  for  himself.  He  was  very  suc- 
cessful in  this  venture  and  was  soon  in  control  of  a  growing  trade,  taking  his 
place  with  the  progressive  business  men  of  that  community.  In  1890  he  returned 
to  New  Westminster  and  here  established  a  similar  enterprise,  developing  a 
large  book  and  stationery  business  which  he  conducted  successfully  until  his 
building  was  destroyed  in  the  fire  of  1898.  Mr.  Lennie  lost  his  home  as  well 
as  his  business  and  was  left  in  straitened  circumstances  which,  however,  he  did 
not  allow  to  discourage  him.  He  went  to  Vancouver  and  there  obtained  a  posi- 
tion as  clerk  in  the  stationery  store  operated  by  Clark  &  Stuart  with  whom  he 
remained  for  one  year  or  until  he  was  again  able  to  embark  in  business  for  him- 
self. He  established  a  piano  and  music  concern  in  New  Westminster  and  con- 
ducted it  sucessfully  for  six  years  after  which  he  disposed  of  his  stock  and  turned 
his  attention  to  the  real-estate  and  insurance  business  with  which  he  has  since 
been  identified.  His  concern  has  expanded  rapidly  and  he  today  controls  a  large 
clientage,  his  business  increasing  as  his  skill,  business  discrimination  and  sound 
judgment  become  more  widely  known. 

On  the  i6th  of  February,  1898,  Mr.  Lennie  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Laura  Henrietta  Eickhoff,  a  native  of  New  Westminster  and  a  daughter  of 
Frederick  Eickhoff,  a  prominent  merchant  of  that  city  and  one  of  its  earliest 
settlers.  Mr.  Lennie  gives  his  political  allegiance  to  the  conservative  party, 
taking  an  intelligent  interest  in  public  affairs,  and  he  is  connected  fraternally 
with  the  Independent  Order  of  Foresters,  of  the  local  lodge  of  which  he  has 
served  for  some  time  as  financial  secretary.  He  is  one  of  the  most  progressive 
and  successful  business  men  in  the  city  and  in  the  development  of  his  enterprise 
has  met  with  a  gratifying  degree  of  success,  his  industry  and  sound  judgment 
constituting  important  factors  in  his  prosperity.  He  occupies  a  high  place  in 
business  and  social  circles  of  the  city  where  the  greater  part  of  his  life  has 
been  spent,  and  he  commands  and  holds  the  confidence  and  high  regard  of  all 
who  are  in  any  way  associated  with  him. 


WILLIAM  THWAITES  WILLIAMS. 

William  Thwaites  Williams,  one  of  the  foremost  merchants  of  Victoria, 
British  Columbia,  and  otherwise  prominent  in  commercial  and  real-estate  circles, 
is  widely  known  in  this  city  in  connection  with  J.  N.  Harvey,  Ltd.,  of  which  he 
serves  as  vice  president,  and  as  the  president  of  the  City  Land  Company.  A  native 
of  England,  he  was  born  in  Leeds,  February  6,  1869,  a  son  of  Benjamin  and  Eliza- 
beth Williams,  of  Welsh  extraction.  The  Williams  are  direct  descendants  of  Roger 
Williams,  the  historic  settler  who  came  to  Rhode  Island  in  Puritan  days.  Mrs. 
Elizabeth  Williams  was  a  sister  of  David  Spencer,  of  Spencer's  Ltd.,  the  foremost 
dry-goods  house  of  the  Canadian  west. 

William  Thwaites  Williams  was  brought  to  British  Columbia  at  the  age  of 
ten  years,  the  family  making  their  way  via  Panama  to  Victoria,  where  he 
received  his  primary  education  in  the  public  schools,  graduating  in  due  time 


WILLIAM  T.   WILLIAMS 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  261 

from  the  high  school.  After  laying  aside  his  text-books  he  became  connected 
with  his  father's  clothing  and  furnishing  establishment,  the  latter  having  em- 
barked in  that  business  in  1882.  Mr.  Williams  worked  his  way  from  a  humble 
position  to  one  of  large  responsibility.  Although  the  father  had  started  out  in  a 
small  way  the  store  subsequently  became,  under  the  management  of  William  T. 
Williams,  one  of  the  largest  in  Victoria  and  in  1911  was  sold  to  J.  N.  Harvey, 
Ltd.,  our  subject  becoming  a  director  and  the  vice  president  of  this  corporation. 
J.  N.  Harvey,  Ltd.,  also  maintain  a  large  clothing  establishment  at  Vancouver. 
As  the  years  have  passed  Mr.  Williams  has  extended  his  interests  to  other  fields 
and  he  is  now  also  president  of  the  City  Land  Company  of  Victoria  which  con- 
ducts a  large  real-estate  business.  One  of  the  substantial  men  of  the  town,  Mr. 
Williams  enjoys  the  confidence  and  respect  of  all  who  know  him  and  through  his 
business  ability  has  not  only  attained  personal  prosperity  but  has  contributed 
in  no  mean  measure  to  the  general  growth  and  advancement.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Victoria  Board  of  Trade  and  has  been  connected  with  this  organization 
for  a  number  of  years. 

On  April  17,  1912,  Mr.  Williams  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Jean  Orr. 
the  wedding  taking  place  at  Duncan,  British  Columbia.  Her  father,  the  late 
Oscar  Orr,  was  for  many  years  Indian  agent  at  Battleford,  Saskatchewan. 
Politically  Mr.  Williams  is  a  conservative,  stanchly  advocating  the  principles  of 
that  party.  He  has  always  taken  an  interest  in  military  affairs  and  for  some 
years  served  as  a  member  of  the  old  Fifth  Regiment  of  Volunteers,  in  Company 
No.  4,  commanded  by  the  late  Captain  Smallfield.  His  fraternal  relations  are 
with  Victoria-Columbia  Lodge,  No.  i,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  while  he  cultivates  social 
relationships  and  indulges  in  sports  and  outdoor  life  through  the  Pacific  Club, 
the  Victoria  Hunt  Club,  Victoria  Yacht  Club,  Victoria  Cricket  Club,  \  ictoria 
Golf  Club,  Victoria  Tennis  Club,  and  Arion  Club,  the  latter  connections  giving 
indication  of  his  means  of  recreation.  A  resident  of  Victoria  during  a  period 
comprising  nearly  thirty- four  years,  Mr.  Williams  has  witnessed  the  wonderful 
changes  that  have  taken  place  here  as  primitive  conditions  have  given  way  to  the 
onward  march  of  civilization  and  has  not  only  been  an  interested  witness  of,  but  a 
cooperant  and  helpful  factor  in  bringing  about,  this  transformation. 


JOHN  DENNIS  O'NEILL. 

Various  activities  engage  the  attention  of  John  Dennis  O'Neill,  who  for 
more  than  twenty  years  has  been  identified  with  the  interests  of  -Steveston, 
during  ten  of  which  he  has  been  chief  of  the  fire  department.  He  was  born  in 
Bruce  county,  Ontario,  on  the  24th  of  December,  1862,  and  is  a  son  of  William 
and  Agnes  D.  (Wells)  O'Neill,  natives  of  Prince  Edward  Island.  The  father 
is  now  deceased  but  the  mother  is  still  living. 

The  early  advantages  of  John  Dennis  O'Neill  were  very  limited,  his  school 
days  being  terminated  at  the  age  of  eleven  years,  when  he  accompanied  his 
parents  on  their  removal  to  Manitoba.  During  the  first  two  years  they  resided 
at  Pirt  DuChane,  but  at  the  expiration  of  that  time  he  went  to  Plympton,  Mani- 
toba, where  he  worked  on  a  farm  until  1881.  In  the  latter  year  he  entered  the 
employ  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad  Company,  with  whom  he  remained 
until  1885,  assisting  in  the  construction  of  .their  lines  to  Revelstoke,  British  Colum- 
bia. Next  he  aided  in  quelling  the  rebellion  in  that  vicinity,  following  which 
he  went  to  Winnipeg  and  engaged  in  farming.  In  1891,  he  came  to  Steveston 
and  established  a  dairy  ranch,  in  the  development  of  which  he  has  ever  since 
been  successfully  engaged.  Later  he  extended  the  scope  of  his  activities  by 
establishing  a  wood  and  coal  yard  and  he  also  does  a  general  real-estate  and 
brokerage  business,  in  all  of  which  he  is  meeting  with  a  fair  measure  of  success. 

At  Vancouver  in  December,  1902,  Mr.  O'Neill  was  married  to  Miss  Merione 
G.  Simpson,  a  daughter  of  Alexander  Simpson  of  Aberdeen,  Scotland. 


262  ,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  O'Neill  are  members  of  the  Church  of  England,  and  politically 
he  is  a  conservative.  He  is  one  of  the  enterprising,  public-spirited  citizens  of 
the  town  and  is  an  enthusiastic  member  of  the  Progress  Club,  and  is  now  serving; 
on  its  executive  committee. 


HAROLD  GORDON  WARRINGTON. 

Harold  Gordon  Warrington,  of  the  firm  of  Warrington  &  Johnson,  merchants 
and  importers  of  builders'  supplies  and  specialties  at  Vancouver,  was  born  May 
•2,  1884,  in  Liverpool,  England,  a  son  of  John  T.  and  Margaret  E.  (Stretch) 
Warrington.  His  father  was  for  thirty  years  a  large  importer  of  Canadian 
produce  to  England.  He  had  offices  in  London  and  Liverpool,  England,  and  in 
Montreal  and  Belleville,  Canada,  and  also  in  New  York  citv  He  was  continu- 
ously engaged  in  that  business  until  about  five  years  previous  to  his  death  in 
1911. 

Harold  Gordon  Warrington  was  educated  at  The  Leys  School,  Cambridge, 
and  afterward  was  apprenticed  to  Edmunds,  Taylor  &  Company,  timber  mer- 
chants of  Liverpool,  with  whom  he  continued  until  1909.  He  then  came  to 
Canada  and  entered  the  employ  of  the  W.  C.  Edwards  Lumber  Company  of 
Ottawa,  with  whom  he  remained  for  a  year.  On  the  expiration  of  that  period 
he  removed  to  Vancouver  and  entered  the  employ  of  T.  R.  Nickson  &  Company, 
Ltd.,  general  contractors.  In  1911  he  commenced  business  on  his  own  account, 
forming  the  firm  of  Warrington  &  Johnson,  merchants  and  importers  of  build- 
ers' supplies  and  specialties.  In  this  business  he  still  continues. 


ROBERT  WALTER  CROMPTON. 

Robert  Walter  Crompton,  engaged  in  the  general  brokerage  business  in  Vic- 
toria as  senior  partner  in  the  firm  of  Crompton  &  Barton,  was  born  in  Liver- 
pool, England,  September  15,  1885,  and  comes  of  an  old  English  family,  his 
parents  being  William  and  Rebecca  Louise  Crompton.  For  several  years  he  was 
a  student  in  a  private  college  at  Liverpool  and  when  his  text-books  were  put 
aside,  the  time  having  arrived  for  him  to  make  his  initial  start  in  life  on  his  own 
account,  he  turned  his  attention  to  Manitoba,  for  the  reports  which  had  reached 
him  concerning  the  western  country  were  favorable  and  convinced  him  that  he 
would  there  find  the  opportunities  which  he  sought.  When  the  long  voyage 
across  the  Atlantic  was  completed  he  continued  his  journey  into  the  interior  of 
the  country  and  for  a  time  was  engaged  in  farming  in  that  province,  but  subse- 
quently turned  his  attention  to  the  banking  business,  filling  the  position  of 
accountant.  He  resigned  there  in  1910  in  order  to  come  to  Victoria,  after  which 
he  spent  nine  months  in  the  employ  of  Pemberton  &  Son,  large  real-estate  deal- 
ers and  investors.  On  the  expiration  of  that  period  he  embarked  in  business  on 
his  own  account,  being  joined  by  William  S.  Barton  under  the  firm  style  of 
Crompton  &  Barton,  general  brokers.  They  have  since  been  associated  in  the 
conduct  of  a  business  of  growing  importance.  They  have  been  found  thoroughly 
reliable  as  well  as  enterprising  and  the  firm  today  enjoys  an  enviable  reputation 
by  reason  of  the  progressive  methods  and  unfaltering  industry  of  the  partners. 
They  are  also  agents  for  the  Union  Bank  building,  in  which  they  have  their 
office.  Their  clientage  is  large  in  their  real-estate  department  and  their  insur- 
ance business  has  also  reached  extensive  and  profitable  proportions.  Their  busi- 
ness methods  are  such  as  will  ever  bear  close  investigation  and  scrutiny,  there 
being  not  a  single  esoteric  phase  in  all  their  dealings.  Mr.  Crompton  also  has 
other  business  interests,  being  one  of  the  directors  and  the  secretary  of  the  New 
Method  Laundry. 


ROBERT  W.  CROMPTON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  265 

On  the  4th  of  September,  1912,  in  Victoria,  Mr.  Crompton  was  married  to 
Miss  Eleanor  S.  Robson,  a  daughter  of  G.  R.  and  Martha  Robson.  Her  father 
was  identified  with  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  for  about  a  quarter  of  a  cen- 
tury and  is  now  retired  upon  a  pension.  Mr.  Crompton  has  at  all  times  been 
interested  in  measures  for  the  general  good  wherever  he  has  lived  and  is  a  public- 
spirited  citizen.  For  several  years  while  in  Manitoba  he  was  a  member  of  the 
Board  of  Trade.  He  now  belongs  to  the  Progressive  Club  of  Victoria,  of  which 
he  is  one  of  the  directors.  His  political  views  are  in  accord  with  the  principles 
af  the  conservative  party  and  he  is  a  member  of  the  Church  of  England,  in  which 
lie  is  serving  as  warden.  His  interests  in  life  are  thus  varied  and  his  activities 
:over  a  wide  scope  but  are  always  found  on  the  side  of  progress  and  improve- 
nent. 


OSCAR   EDWIX   DARLIXG. 

Oscar  Edwin  Darling,  who  is  extensively  and  successfully  engaged  in  diversi- 
fied farming  at  Steveston,  was  born  at  Rothesay,  Xc\v  Brunswick,  on  the  ijth 
of  September,  1864.  He  is  a  son  of  Major  John  and  Mary  (Prince)  Darling, 
ihe  father  an  officer  in  the  Princess  Louise  Hussars. 

The  boyhood  and  youth  of  Oscar  Edwin  Darling  were  passed  in  the  home 
where  he  was  born,  his  education  being  obtained  in  the  schools  of  New  Bruns- 
wick. Upon  terminating  his  student  days  he  came  to  New  Westminster.  British 
< Columbia,  where  for  eight  years  he  was  employed  in  the  postoffice.  At  the  expi- 
lation  of  that  time  he  entered  the  railway  mail  service,  and  after  following  this 
•occupation  for  three  years  turned  his  attention  to  agricultural  pursuits.  He  has 
i  let  with  success  in  the  development  of  his  interests  along  this  line,  and  owns 
<  ne  of  the  well  improved  and  highly  cultivated  properties  in  this  section. 

Mr.  Darling  was  married  on  the  12th  of  Xovember,  1890,  at  New  \Yest- 
riinster  to  Miss  Virginia  English.  He  supports  the  conservative  party  in  poli- 
t  cs  and  takes  an  active  interest  in  local  affairs.  In  matters  of  citizenship  he  is 
I  ublic-spirited,  taking  an  interest  in  all  things  pertaining  to  the  welfare  or 
I  rogress  of  the  community  and  for  four  years  he  was  a  member  of  the  New 
Westminster  Volunteers.  Early  in  1913  he  was  appointed  a  justice  of  the.  peace. 
-  Ir.  Darling  is  numbered  among  the  prosperous  citizens  and  highly  efficient  and 
c  ipable  agriculturists  of  this  vicinity,  toward  the  progress  and  development  of 
v  hich  he  has  contributed  in  large  measure. 


LAW  A.  SOONG. 

Law  A.  Soong,  prominently  connected  with  the  general  mercantile  interests 
of  New  Westminster  as  manager  of  the  firm  of  Ying,  Tai  &  Company,  was 
born  in  Canton,  China,  January  2,  1880,  and  is  a  son  of  Law  Wing  Leong.  a 
n  erchant  of  that  city.  He  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his 
n.itive  city  and  studied  English  after  locating  in  New  Westminster  in  1899, 
attending  a  school  here  for  six  years.  At  the  end  of  that  time  he  became 
connected  with  the  firm  of  Ying,  Tai  &  Company  as  secretary  and  soon  proved 
himself  a  man  of  excellent  business  and  executive  ability.  After  three  years 
ir  this  position  he  was  made  manager  of  the  concern  and  is  today  one  of  its 
most  trusted  and  esteemed  representatives.  The  firm  of  Ying,  Tai  &  Company 
controls  one  of  the  largest  and  most  important  Chinese  mercantile  houses  in  the 
ci:y  and  has  secured  an  extensive  and  growing  patronage,  for  its  officials  have 
at  all  times  adhered  to  high  and  honorable  business  policies  and  have  conducted 
the  business  along  modern  and  progressive  lines.  As  manager  Mr.  Soong  has 
taken  an  important  part  in  promoting  the  growth  of  the  concern  and  has  secured 


266  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

an  enviable  reputation  for  reliability  and  integrity,  not  only  among  people  of  his 
own  race  but  in  general  business  circles  of  the  city  where  he  makes  his  home. 
In  1904  Mr.  Soong  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Chow  She,  and  they  have 
become  the  parents  of  three  daughters  who  are  attending  school.  Mr.  Soong 
is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian  church  and  is  interested  in  the  work  of  the 
Young  Men's  Christian  Association,  to  which  he  belongs.  He  is  a  popular  and 
able  business  man  and  in  his  adopted  city  commands  and  holds  the  confidence 
and  high  regard  of  all  who  are  associated  with  him. 


WILLIAM  HENRY  QUIGGAN  ELSON. 

William  Henry  Ouiggan  Elson,  superintendent  of  districts  I  and  4  and  the 
New  Westminster  lines  of  the  British  Columbia  Electric  Railway,  was  born  in 
London,  Ontario,  on  the  i8th  of  August,  1862.  a  son  of  John  and  Margaret  A. 
(Quiggan)  Elson,  the  former  a  native  of  Devonshire  and  the  latter  of  the  Isle 
of  Man.  Originally  the  Elson  family  came  from  Kent.  Coming  to  Canada  in 
early  life,  the  parents  were  married  in  London,  Ontario,  and  in  1880  they  removed 
to  southern  Manitoba,  where  the  mother  passed  away  in  1883.  The  father  is 
still  living  there  upon  his  farm  at  the  age  of  seventy-eight  years. 

The  youthful  experiences  of  William  Elson  were  those  which  usually  fall  to 
the  lot  of  the  lad  who  has  good  home  guidance  and  who  depends  upon  the  public 
schools  for  his  educational  opportunities.     He  received  thorough  training  in  the 
schools  of  London,  Ontario,  and  in  1879  made  his  home  in  that  city  with  an  uncle, 
J.  D.  Saunby,  who  was  proprietor  of  the  Black  Friars  flour  mills  there.     It  was 
his  intention  to  learn  the  milling  business  but  two  years  convinced  him  that  it 
was  not  a  congenial  occupation  and  in   1881   he  joined  his  parents  in  southern 
Manitoba,  spending  three  years  at  home.     In   1884  he  went  to  western  Alberta 
and  on  to  eastern  British  Columbia  and  became  identified  with  the  construction 
of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  over  the  western  slope  of  the  mountains,  working 
westward  from  Laggan  to  Beaver  Mouth.    Through  this  district  is  found  some  of 
the  most  difficult  engineering  work  over  the  line.    In  the  fall  of  1884  he  returned 
to  Manitoba  and  the  following  spring  enlisted  in  Winnipeg  as  a  member  of  the 
Moose  Mountain  Scouts  under  Captain  George  White.     With  that  command  he 
took  part  in  the  Riel  rebellion  and  in  recognition  of  his  services  received  from 
the  government  a  half  section  of  county  land  and  a  medal.    In  August  of  the  same 
year  he  entered  the  employ  of  the  Northwest  Coal  &  Navigation  Company  as  brake- 
man,  running  on  a  train  from  Dunmore  to  Lethbridge.    In  January,  1886,  he  was 
promoted  to  the  position  of  conductor  and  thus  served  until  June  7,  1887,  when 
he  left  the  employ  of  the  company  and  again  came  west,  entering  the  service  of 
the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  at  Donald  on  the  I7th  of  June  as  a  brakeman.     in 
November,   1889,  he  was  promoted  to  freight  conductor  and  in  January,   1891, 
was  made  passenger  conductor.     He  was  on  the  run  from  Sproats  Landing  to 
Nelson  in  the  Kootenay  country  from  June,  1890,  until  July,  1892,  and  on  the 
I9th  or  July  of  the  latter  year,  when  he  left  there,  he  was  presented  with  a  gold 
watch,  chain  and  charm  by  the  citizens  of  Nelson  in  recognition  of  his  popularity, 
his  genial  good  nature  and  his  efficient  service,  all  this  being  indicative  of  the 
friendship  entertained  for  him.     At  that  time  he  returned  to  the  main  line,  being 
on  the  run  from  Kamloops  to  Donald  and  from  Kamloops  to  Field  and  Laggan, 
the  divisional  points  of  the  road  being  changed  at  different  times.    In  April,  1903, 
he  was  promoted  to  the  important  position  of  train  master  at  Revelstoke,  filling 
that  place  until  March,  1910,  when  he  resigned  and  entered  the  service  of  the 
British  Columbia   Electric   Company   as  train   master.     In   May,    1911,   he  was 
appointed  superintendent,  in  which  important  capacity  he  is  now  serving.     His 
long  experience  in  railway  circles  qualified  him  highly  for  the  important  duties 
that  now  devolve  upon  him.    New  Westminster  claims  him  as  a  representative  and 


WILLIAM  H.  Q.  ELSON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  269 

valued  citizen  and  he  has  many  friends  not  only  there  but  in  the  different  localities 
in  which  he  has  lived  and  through  the  districts  in  which  he  has  traveled. 

On  the  25th  of  June,  1900  Mr.  Elson  was  married  to  Mrs.  Margaret  Ann 
Nelles,  nee  Richardson,  of  Dorchester,  Ontario.  Mrs.  Elson  is  a  member  of  the 
Church  of  England  and  Mr.  Elson  attends  its  services  and  contributes  to  its  sup- 
port. In  politics  he  is  a  liberal  and  he  is  fraternally  well  known  as  a  Mason  and 
Odd  Fellow,  his  membership  being  in  Mountain  Lodge,  No.  11,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  at 
Golden,  British  Columbia,  and  in  the  Selkirk  Lodge,  Xo.  12,  1.  O.  O.  F.,  at  Revel- 
stoke.  He  is  a  most  democratic  man,  genial  and  kindly  in  spirit,  and' is  one  of 
the  most  capable  men  on  the  operating  staff  of  the  British  Columbia  Electric.  His 
smile  is  contagious  and  he  sheds  around  him  much  of  the  sunshine  of  life. 


WILLIAM  ARTHUR  WARD. 

"A  worthy  son  of  a  worthy  sire"  may  be  written  over  the  life  record  of  William 
Arthur  Ward,  a  native  of  British  Columbia,  who  in  an  important  way  is  con- 
nected with  the  commercial  history  of  the  province.  Not  only  is  he  well  known 
as  manager  of  the  General  Agency  Corporation  of  Vancouver,  British  Columbia, 
but  in  other  business  lines  has  stimulated  growth  and  expansion.  Born  in  Vic- 
toria on  June  29,  1867,  he  is  a  son  of  William  Curtis  and  Lydia  Ward,  both 
natives  of  England,  who  were  married  in  January,  1864,  and  had  four  sons  and 
live  daughters.  One  brother  and  one  sister  of  our  subject  are  living  in  British 
Columbia  and  another  brother  has  a  command  in  the  British  Channel  Squadron. 
William  Curtis  Ward  came  to  British  Columbia  in  1863.  one  of  its  foremost 
pioneers,  and  upon  his  arrival  assumed  management  of  the  Bank  of  British 
Columbia.  For  many  years  this  institution  and  the  Bank  of  British  North  Amer- 
ica were  the  only  banks  in  the  province,  and  the  former  was  for  a  number  of 
years  the  only  one  in  New  Westminster  and  Nanaimo.  He  established  and  is 
now  the  sole  owner  of  the  Douglas  Lake  Cattle  Company,  the  foremost  stock 
enterprise  of  the  province,  operating  a  ranch  comprising  one  hundred  and  eight 
thousand  acres,  it  being  the  largest  stock  ranch  in  the  province.  This  business 
and  its  property  interests  were  established  in  the  '705  by  Mr.  Ward  and  his  part- 
ners in  the  transaction  were  C.  W.  R.  Thompson  and  J.  B.  Greaves.  In  this ' 
connection  it  may  be  mentioned  that  Mr.  Ward,  Sr.,  is  today  the  largest  indi- 
vidual landowner  in  the  province.  While  residing  here  he  was  widely  known 
as  a  friend  of  all  newcomers  and  pioneers,  having  been  one  of  the  first  to  locate 
here,  and  as  the  capitalists  of  the  early  days  were  necessarily  few,  he  was  con- 
nected with  all  financial  enterprises  of  any  magnitude.  In  1897  he  returned  to 
England  as  general  manager  of  the  Bank  of  British  Columbia  in  London  and 
in  a  short  time  arranged  for  an  amalgamation  with  the  Canadian  Bank  of  Com- 
merce. He  then  became  a  director  in  the  Canadian  Bank  of  Commerce,  still 
holding  that  office,  and  makes  his  residence  in  High  Holden,  Kent. 

William  A.  Ward  was  educated  at  the  collegiate  school  of  Victoria,  Trinity 
College  of  Port  Hope,  Ontario,  and  the  United  Services  College,  Westward 
Ho,  North  Devon,  England.  Following  college  he  spent  the  next  year  at  Rouen, 
France,  for  the  purpose  of  acquiring  the  French  language.  In  the  fall  of  1885 
he  returned  to  British  Columbia  and  entered  upon  a  position  as  clerk  in  the 
office  of  his  uncle,  head  of  the  firm  of  Robert  Ward  &  Company,  which  is  now 
R.  V.  Winch  &  Company.  In  1890  William  A.  Ward  became  a  member  of 
the  firm  of  Robert  Ward  &  Company  and  continued  in  this  connection  for  nine 
years  or  until  1899,  when  he  withdrew  in  order  to  engage  in  the  general  broker- 
ige  business,  giving  particular  attention  to  the  export  of  salmon  and  lumber.  Inci- 
ientally  it  may  be  mentioned  that  he  arranged  the  shipment  for  the  first  cargo 
)f  wheat  which  was  ever  sent  out  from  British  Columbia.  This  shipment  was 
made  in  1895,  the  consignment  being  designated  to  London.  At  one  time 
Mr.  Ward  was  financing  seven  salmon  canneries  on  the  Fraser,  Skeena  and 


270  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Nass  rivers  and  he  still  has  interests  in  the  salmon  and  lumber  business.  More- 
over, he  is  a  director  in  the  British  Columbia  General  Development  Syndicate, 
an  organization  which  controls  large  timber  and  land  holdings  in  the  Kootenay 
and  Columbia  river  districts  and  which  owns  the  Stepney  ranch  at  Enderby, 
comprising  thirteen  hundred  acres.  This  property  is  considered  the  finest  ranch 
in  the  province.  As  manager  of  the  General  Agency  Corporation  Mr.  Ward 
has  given  ample  evidence  of  his  executive  ability,  his  ready  understanding  of 
commercial  situations  and  his  sound  judgment  of  men  and  conditions,  all  of 
which  qualities  have  combined  with  his  perseverance  and  industry  to  gain  for 
him  one  of  the  leading  positions  in  the  commercial  world  of  the  Canadian  north- 
west. 

In  Victoria,  British  Columbia,  in  July,  1905,  Mr.  Ward  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Beatrice  Snider,  a  native  of  that  city.  She  is  prominent  in  the 
social  life  of  Vancouver,  occupying  a  leading  position  in  the  exclusive  circles 
of  society,  and  is  a  member  of  the  King's  Daughters  Club  and  connected  with 
other  ladies'  societies  which  largely  have  for  their  object  charitable  purposes. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ward  have  two  sons,  Curtis  and  Kenneth. 

Realizing  that  the  character  of  a  man's  recreation  is  almost  as  important  as 
that  of  his  work,  Mr.  Ward  maintains  through 'periods  of  .relaxation  that  even 
balance  which  is  so  necessary  to  success  and  has  always  taken  an  active  part 
in  athletics.  He  arranged  the  first  football  match  between  Vancouver,  Vic- 
toria and  New  Westminster  and  was  captain  of  the  Victoria  team.  For  many 
years  he  played  also  on  the  cricket  team  of  that  city.  The  health-giving  exer- 
cise of  rowing  gives  him  much  pleasure  and  while  in  Victoria  he  was  also  a 
member  of  the  Polo  Club  of  that  city.  There  he  also  served  as  president  of  the 
Board  of  Trade  for  two  years,  from  1899  until  1901,  having  for  a  two-year 
period  previous  to  that  time,  from  1897  to  1898,  served  as  vice  president.  He 
was  the  first  chairman  of  the  Native  Sons  Society  of  British  Columbia.  He  is 
a  conservative  along  political  lines  but  public  office  has  never  appealed  to  him, 
as  he  believes  that  he  can  serve  the  interests  of  his  province  and  city  to  greater 
advantage  along  lines  in  which  he  has  the  greatest  experience  and  which  are 
connected  with  commercial  development.  In  that  connection  he  is  a  member  of 
the  Vancouver  Board  of  Trade  and  Chamber  of  Commerce,  doing  pioneer  work 
in  both  institutions  in  the  promotion  of  feasible  plans  to  further  trade  interests 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Vancouver  Golf  &  Country  Club  and  was  one  of  the 
founders  of  the  Victoria  Golf  Club  and  a  member  of  the  Union  Club  of  that 
city.  He  also  is  a  member  of  the  Vancouver  Club  and  the  Progress  Club  of 
Vancouver.  His  faith  is  that  of  the  Church  of  England.  A  man  of  estimable 
qualities  of  mind  and  character,  of  decided  ability  and  of  manly  principles, 
Mr.  Ward  enjoys  the  trust  of  all  who  have  business  relations  with  him  and  is 
generally  acknowledged  to  be  one  of  the  foremost  factors  in  promulgating  the 
greatness  of  his  native  province. 


GEORGE  TURNER. 

Although  in  his  seventy-sixth  year  George  Turner  is  still  active  in  the  serv- 
ice of  the  government  of  the  Dominion,  being  connected  with  the  public  works 
department  as  assistant  engineer  in  the  British  Columbia  district.  Coming  here 
in  1859,  his  life  record  covers  a  period  from  the  earliest  history  of  the  region 
to  the  present  state  of  high  civilization  and  advancement.  When  in  1859  he 
reached  New  Westminster  there  was  not  a  tree  felled  in  the  virgin  forest  and 
primeval  conditions  still  prevailed.  Born  in  London,  England,  on  September 
17,  1836,  he  is  a  son  of  George  and  Helena  (Wright)  Turner,  both  natives  of 
the  world's  metropolis.  The  mother  there  passed  away  but  the  father  died  in 
India  while  he  was  serving  his  country  in  the  army. 


GEORGE  TURNER 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  273 

George  Turner  was  reared  at  home  and  educated  in  private  schools  in  Lon- 
ion,  joining  in  1855,  at  the  age  of  nineteen,  the  Royal  Engineers  Corps,  serv- 
ng  in  the  ordnance  survey.  In  1859  he  came  with  a  detachment  of  the  Royal 
Engineers  to  British  Columbia,  serving  in  that  connection  until  their  disband- 
nent  in  1863.  He  then  found  employment  in  private  survey  work  but  in  1889 
•  :ntered  the  Dominion  government  service,  with  which  he  has  since  been  identi- 
ied.  He  is  one  of  the  well  known  pioneers  of  British  Columbia,  New  West- 
minster having  been  his  headquarters  since  1859.  In  his  official  capacity  he  has 
•endered  eminent  service  to  his  government  and  as  the  years  have  passed  has 
established  himself  in  the  hearts  of  his  countrymen,  who  esteem  in  him 
one  who  has  worthily  served  the  cause  of  the  public  for  over  five  decades.  Nor 
does  his  connection  with  the  Imperial  government  constitute  all  of  his  public 
;.ervice,  for  he  has  also  done  valuable  work  in  the  early  years  of  the  history 
of  development  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  aldermen  of  New  Westminster 
:ind  as  a  member  of  the  school  board  has  furthered  the  cause  of  education,  lay- 
:ng  the  foundation  for  the  splendid  system  prevailing  in  his  community. 

In  July,  1869,  Mr.  Turner  was  united  in  marriage  to  Mrs.  Ann  McColl,  the 
widow  of  Sergeant  William  McColl,  and  formerly  Miss  Ann  Baseley,  a  native 
<if  England.  To  this  union  were  born  three  children:  Frederick  George,  a 
real-estate  man  of  Vancouver;  Maudeline  Hester,  the  wife  of  Herbert  Appleby, 
(if  Burnaby;  and  Annie  Helena,  who  married  Joseph  R.  Grant,  an  attorney  of 
New  Westminster. 

Mr.  Turner  is  prominent  in  fraternal  circles,  being  a  member  of  Royal 
City  Lodge,  No.  3,  I.  O.  O.  F.,  of  which  he  is  a  charter  member  and  the  oldest 
member  at  the  present  writing.  He  also  belongs  to  the  Ancient  Order  of  United 
Workmen,  being  a  member  of  Frazer  Lodge,  No.  3.  His  religious  adherence 
is  given  to  the  Church  of  England.  On  February  15,  1912,  Mr.  Turner  suf- 
fered an  irreparable  loss  in  the  death  of  his  wife,  who  after  nearly  forty-three 
}ears  of  a  happy  domestic  life  was  called  to  her  eternal  rest.  Not  only  has  Mr. 
'  'urner  been  an  interested  witness  of  the  changes  that  have  marked  the  trans- 
formation of  this  region  but  he  has  also  been  a  helpful  and  cooperant  factor 
i  i  bringing  about  the  present  prosperous  conditions.  He  is  highly  respected 
jnd  honored  by  all  who  know  him,  venerated  as  a  pioneer  and  beloved  on 
account  of  his  many  sterling  qualities  of  mind  and  character. 


JOHN  W.  WILSON. 

John  W.  Wilson,  a  well  known  and  important  figure  in  insurance  circles  in 
Vancouver,  was  born  in  Montreal,  Quebec,  July  24,  1882,  a  son  of  James  Wilson, 
i  native  of  the  province  of  Quebec,  who  is  the  sole  owner  of  a  large  printing 
establishment  of  Montreal,  conducted  under  the  firm  name  of  Mitchell  &  Wilson. 
He  is  still  a  resident  of  that  city. 

In  the  acquirement  of  his  education  John  W.  Wilson  attended  the  public 
and  high  schools  of  Montreal,  and  after  putting  aside  his  text-books  entered  the 
lusiness  field  as  a  clerk  in  Montreal,  in  1899.  He  so  continued  until  1905,  when 
re  went  to  Winnipeg  to  become  chief  clerk  in  that  city  for  the  Liverpool  and 
London  and  Globe  Insurance  Company  and  the  Liverpool-Manitoba  Assurance 
Company.  Six  months  later  he  was  promoted  to  the  position  of  special  agent 
for  that  company.  In  1907  he  came  to  Vancouver  as  manager  of  the  insurance 
('epartment  of  B.  B.  Johnston,  Howe  &  Company,  continuing  with  them  until 
tie  ist  of  February,  1909,  when  he  purchased  the  insurance  department,  which 
he  has  since  conducted  under  his  own  name,  with  offices  in  the  Winch  building. 
Mr.  Wilson  now  covers  extended  risks  in  fire,  accident,  employers'  liability, 
bonding,  plate  glass,  burglary,  marine,  automobile  and  life  insurance,  and  in 
fact  practically  every  risk  to  which  human  beings  and  their  property  are  liable. 
He  is  resident  agent  for  the  Liverpool-Manitoba  Assurance  Company,  the 

Vol.  IV— 10 


274  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Acadia  Fire  Insurance  Company,  the  North  Empire  Fire  Insurance  Company, 
and  the  Western  Canada  Accident  &  Guarantee  Insurance  Company.  He  repre- 
sents only  well  established  and  strictly  reliable  companies,  and  as  the  years  have 
passed  his  clientage  has  steadily  grown  and  the  volume  of  business  now  trans- 
acted through  his  office  is  large. 

In  politics  Mr.  Wilson  is  independent,  voting  as  his  judgment  dictates  rather 
than  according  to  party  ties.  For  eighteen  years  he  was  a  member  of  the  Mon- 
treal Swimming  Club,  and  in  that  connection  won  numerous  medals  and  prizes. 
His  fraternal  relations  are  with  the  Benevolent  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  the 
Knights  of  the  Maccabees  of  the  World,  and  his  religious  faith  is  that  of  the 
Presbyterian  church.  A  young  man,  he  has  made  continuous  progress  in  busi- 
ness circles  and  upon  the  foundation  of  energy,  enterprise  and  capability  is 
building  his  success. 


ERNEST  HENRY  BEAZLEY. 

Ernest  Henry  Beazley,  managing  director  at  Vancouver  for  the  Union  Steam- 
ship Company,  was  born  in  Birkenhead,  Cheshire,  England,  in  1876,  a  son  of 
James  Henry  Beazley,  a  ship  owner  of  Liverpool  and  a  resident  of  Cheshire. 
In  the  public  schools  of  England  he  pursued  his  education  and  afterward  spent 
one  year  in  Germany.  He  then  returned  to  his  native  land  and  made  his  initial 
step  in  the  business  world.  He  was,  as  it  were,  "to  the  manner  born,"  for 
throughout  his  life  he  had  heard  discussions  on  marine  interests  and  when  he 
started  in  business  it  was  as  an  employe  of  the  firm  of  Gracie,  Beazley  &  Com- 
pany, large  ship  owners  of  Liverpool,  with  whom  he  continued  for  several  years. 
He  then  entered  the  firm  of  J.  H.  Wellsford  &  Company,  Ltd.,  also  ship 
owners  of  Liverpool,  and  for  ten  years  was  manager  of  their  outside  business. 
His  increasing  responsibilities  and  broadening  experience  gave  him  knowledge 
and  ability  that  has  constituted  the  basis  of  his  later  success.  In  August,  1911, 
he  came  to  Vancouver  as  managing  director  of  the  Union  Steamship  Company, 
which  owns  the  Boscowitz  Steamship  Company  and  which  has  other  interests 
here.  The  Union  operates  ships  to  every  point  on  the  Pacific  coast  between 
Vancouver  and  the  Alaskan  border.  On  coming  to  the  province  Mr.  Beazley 
made  it  his  purpose  to  thoroughly  acquaint  himself  with  every  feature  of  shipping 
interests  along  the  Pacific  and  this,  combined  with  his  previous  experience,  well 
qualifies  him  for  the  responsible  duties  devolving  upon  him  in  his  present  con- 
nection which  has  won  him  recognition  as  one  of  the  representative  business  men 
of  the  city.  He  is  also  Canadian  agent  for  J.  H.  Wellsford  &  Company,  of 
Liverpool,  who  have  extensive  interests  on  the  coast.  He  serves  at  present  as 
president  of  the  Ship  Owners  Association  of  British  Columbia. 

In  England,  in  April,  1911,  Mr.  Beazley  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Elsie 
Braithwaite,  a  native  of  Liverpool,  and  they  have  one  son,  Philip  Henry.  Their 
religious  connection  is  with  the  Church  of  England  and  Mr.  Beazley  belongs  to 
the  Terminal  City  Club.  He  was  captain  of  the  ist  volunteer  battalion  of  the 
Cheshire  Regiment  for  seven  years  and  this  and  other  experiences  of  his  life 
have  been  of  a  broadening  character,  making  him  a  well  informed,  resourceful 
and  capable  man  whose  career  has  been  marked  by  steady  progress. 


RT.  REV.  ALEXANDER  MAcDONALD. 

Rt.  Rev.  Alexander  MacDonald,  bishop  of  Victoria,  author,  educator,  orator 
and  able  propagandist,  as  well  as  one  of  the  greatest  individual  forces  in  the  spread 
of  the  Catholic  religion  on  Vancouver  and  adjacent  islands,  was  born  in  Inverness 
county,  Cape  Breton  Island,  February  18,  1858.  He  is  a  son  of  Finlay  and 


RT.  REV.   ALEXANDER  MACBOXALI) 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  277 

Catherine   (Beaton)   MacDonald,  both  natives  of  that  island,  the  paternal  and 
maternal  grandparents  having  been  born  in  Scotland. 

Alexander  MacDonald  acquired  his  education  in  the  common  schools  of  his 
native  county  and  later  attended  St.  Francis  Xavier's  College  at  Antigonish,  Nova 
Scotia.  Subsequently  he  went  to  Rome,  arriving  in  that  city  in  1879,  and  studied 
at  the  Propaganda  College,  where  he  took  his  course  in  philosophy  and  theology, 
pursuing  his  studies  there  for  five  years.  On  the  8th  of  March,  1884,  the  same  year 
in  which  he  took  his  degree,  he  was  ordained  to  the  Catholic  priesthood  in  St. 
John  Lateran  church  in  Rome,  by  Cardinal  Parocchi.  and  in  the  following  July 
returned  to  Canada,  settling  in  Nova  Scotia,  where  he  was  appointed  teacher  of 
Latin  and  philosophy,  at  St.  Francis  Xavier  College,  serving  in  that  capacity  for 
nineteen  years  and  gaining  during  that  time  a  wide  reputation  for  ability  as  an 
educator.  In  1900  he  was  appointed  vicar  general  of  his  diocese  and  three  years 
later  was  given  charge  of  St.  Andrew's  parish  in  Antigonish  county,  Nova  Scotia. 
Over  this  congregation  he  presided  until  October  i,  1908.  when  he  was  appointed 
bishop  of  Victoria  with  jurisdiction  over  Vancouver  and  adjacent  islands.  Tn 
this  high  position  his  work  has  become  more  and  more  notable  with  the  passing 
years  and  has.  been  fruitful  of  great  good  to  the  cause  of  Catholicity,  for  Bishop 
MacDonald  possesses  talents  which  make  his  activities  more  than  usually  effective 
and  which  give  his  ability  a  more  than  ordinary  scope.  He  reaches  many  people 
through  his  powerful  sermons,  for  he  is  known  as  one  of  the  most  able  pulpit 
orators  in  British  Columbia  and  his  field  is  .still  farther  extended  owing  to  the 
wide  circulation  of  the  excellent  religious  books  of  which  he  is  the  author.  Among 
these  may  be  mentioned:  "The  Symbol  of  the  Apostles,"  a  history  of  the  Apostles 
creed,  which  has  attracted  the  attention  and  interest  not  only  of  the  Catholic  world 
but  of  the  Protestant  as  well;  "The  Symbol  in  Sermons,"  a  course  of  sermons 
Dn  the  creed ;  "The  Sacrifice  of  the  Mass'';  "Religious  Questions  of  the  Day."  a 
work  in  four  volumes,  treating  on  various  subjects;  "The  Sacraments";  and 
''The  Mercies  of  the  Sacred  Heart."  He  possesses  a  simple,  direct  and  telling 
style  and  the  faculty  of  making  his  message  reach  the  hearts  of  the  people  as  well 
is  satisfy  scholars  and  doctrinists.  Bishop  MacDonald  is  a  man  great  in  his 
-simplicity,  his  unselfish  spirit  and  his  kindliness  of  heart,  qualities  which  are  rarely 
found  in  men  of  this  period,  especially  when  combined  with  scholarly  attainments 
ind  executive  ability.  They  have  endeared  him  greatly  to  his  people,  among  whom 
he  has  accomplished  so  much  consecrated  work,  and  he  holds  their  love  in  large 
neasure  as  he  does  also  the  respect  and  confidence  of  people  of  all  denominations. 


S.  G.  CHURCHILL. 

S.  G.  Churchill,  who  is  now  engaged  in  the  real-estate  business,  has  been  a 
resident  of  Eburne  for  nearly  twenty  years,  during  which  period  he  has  been 
identified  with  various  activities.  He  was  born  in  Goodrich,  Huron  county, 
Ontario,  on  the  25th  of  September,  1867,  and  is  a  son  of  William  and  Elizabeth 
(Gibbons)  Churchill.  The  father  is  now  deceased. 

The  first  sixteen  years  in  the  life  of  S.  G.  Churchill  were  largely  devoted 
to  the  acquiring  of  an  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Clinton,  Ontario.  He 
subsequently  turned  his  attention  to  agricultural  pursuits,  assisting  his  father 
with  the  cultivation  of  the  home  farm  from  that  period  until  1890.  In  the  latter 
year  he  left  the  parental  roof  and  started  out  for  himself,  coming  to  British 
Columbia  to  pursue  his  career.  He  first  located  in  Vancouver,  whence  he  later 
came  to  Eburne,  where  he  resumed  farming.  After  following  this  vocation 
for  a  year  he  went  into  the  cattle  business,  but  three  years  later  turned  his  atten- 
tion to  commercial  activities.  His  energies  were  entirely  concentrated  upon 
the  development  of  a  general  mercantile  business  until  1901,  when  he  engaged 
in  the  canning  business  and  became  one  of  the  incorporators  and  a  director  of 
the  Greenwood  Canning  Company,  so  continuing  for  five  years  and  then  sold 


278  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

out  to  the  British  Columbia  Packers  Association,  following  which  he  entered 
their  employ.  Three  years  later  he  resigned  his  position  and  went  into  the 
lumber  business,  in  which  he  continued  until  1908.  In  the  latter  year  he  with- 
drew from  business  and  lived  retired  until  1910,  when  he  became  identified 
with  the  real-estate  firm  of  J.  W.  Fairhall  &  Company,  a  connection  lasting  until 
July,  1913. 

At  Vancouver,  in  May,  1901,  Mr.  Churchill  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Eleanor  Drenay,  a  daughter  of  George  Drenay,  and  to  them  have  been  born 
three  children,  Evelyn,  Lylas  and  William  Harold. 

Mr.  Churchill  is  the  only  remaining  charter  member  of  Eburne  Lodge,  No. 
34,  I.  O.  O.  F.,  in  which  he  has  passed  through  all  of  the  chairs.  He  is  also 
affiliated  with  the  Independent  Order  of  Foresters.  His  political  support  he 
accords  to  the  conservative  party,  and  for  three  years,  1909-10-11,  he  was  a 
member  of  the  Point  Grey  council.  He  was  also  chairman  of  the  Board  of  Trade 
and  chairman  of  the  board  of  public  works  for  two  years.  In  January,  1912, 
he  ran  for  the  office  of  reeve  of  Point  Grey,  the  street  railway  question  form- 
ing the  main  plank  in  his  platform,  but  he  was  defeated.  However,  he  was 
nominated  in  1913,  and  elected  by  a  good  majority,  indicating  that  many  who 
formerly  opposed  the  improvements  he  advocated  regretted  the  attitude  they 
took  in  the  matter,  and  realized  that  their  adoption  would  have  substantially 
forwarded  the  general  welfare  and  interests  of  the  community. 


WILLIAM  PRESCOTT  OGILVIE. 

William  Prescott  Ogilvie,  engaged  in  the  general  practice  of  law  in  Vancou- 
ver, is  one  of  the  younger  members  of  the  bar  of  this  city,  but  already  his  ability 
has  gained  him  rank  with  able  practitioners.  Moreover,  he  is  well  known  in 
business  circles  through  hjs  active  connection  with,  or  invested  interest  in,  vari- 
ous corporations.  He  was  born  in  Grenville,  Quebec,  March  9,  1878,  and  was 
but  ten  years  of  age  when  in  1888  he  was  brought  to  British  Columbia  by  his 
parents,  John  and  Mary  Ogilvie,  the  former  of  Scotch  and  the  latter  of  English 
lineage.  His  grandfather,  Samuel  Ogilvie,  was  the  first  settler  of  Grenville  and 
the  family  was  long  connected  with  the  pioneer  development  of  that  part  of  the 
province  of  Quebec. 

William  Prescott  Ogilvie,  following  the  removal  of  the  family  to  the  west, 
continued  his  education  in  the  public  and  high  schools  of  British  Columbia  and 
afterward  took  up  the  profession  of  teaching,  which  he  followed  for  six  years, 
or  until  1900,  when,  desirous  of  improving  his  own  education  in  order  to  enter 
upon  other  professional  labors,  he  matriculated  in  McGill  University  at  Mon- 
treal, in  1900,  and  was  there  graduated  in  1904  with  the  degree  of  B.  C.  L.  From 
1906  until  1909  he  studied  law  under  Sir  Charles  Tupper  and  a  number  of  other 
notable  barristers,  and  in  1909  was  called  to  the  bar  of  British  Columbia.  He 
practiced  alone  for  about  a  year  and  in  1910  entered  into  partnership  with  E.  W. 
Brown  under  the  firm  style  of  Ogilvie  &  Brown.  This  connection  still  exists 
and  they  engage  in  general  law  practice,  in  which  they  have  won  a  gratifying 
clientage.  Mr.  Ogilvie  is  well  versed  in  all  branches  of  the  law  and  is  a  wide 
and  discriminating  student  of  his  profession,  and  in  the  preparation  of  his  cases 
displays  the  utmost  care,  so  that  he  is  well  prepared  for  defense  as  well  as  for 
attack.  In  addition  to  his  law  practice  he  has  various  other  business  interests, 
being  now  president  of  the  Muscovite  Mica  Company,  president  of  the  Royal 
Theater  Company,  and  a  director  of  the  Great  West  Land  Company  and  of  the 
United  Securities  Company. 

On  the  8th  of  August,  1907,  in  Astoria,  Oregon,  Mr.  Ogilvie  was  united  in 
marriage  to  Miss  Caroline  Young.  They  are  Presbyterians  in  religious  faith 
and  Mr.  Ogilvie  is  a  conservative  in  politics.  In  commercial  and  club  circles  he  is 
well  known,  being  a  director  of  the  Commercial  Club  and  a  member  of  the  Van- 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  279 

couver  Athletic  Club.  He  is  also  an  ex-president  of  the  Pacific  Northwest  Ath- 
letic Association,  and  was  an  active  athlete  until  1907,  when  he  retired,  being 
the  recognized  all-round  champion  of  British  Columbia.  At  the  Pacific  coast 
champion  meet  in  1907  he  won  five  first  prizes.  He  is  still  very  fond  of  athletics 
and  all  outdoor  sports  and  recognizes  how  important  a  part  these  play  in  main- 
taining a  healthful  development  in  the  business  man  who  must  need  spend  hours 
at  a  time  in  concentrated  effort  along  a  single  line  of  activity. 


GEORGE  KIDD. 

George  Kidd  has  been  a  resident  of  Vancouver  for  only  a  brief  period,  occupy- 
ing the  position  of  comptroller  of  the  British  Columbia  Electric  Railway  Com- 
pany, Limited.  He  was  born  in  Sheffield,  England,  on  March  9,  1874,  and  is  a 
son  of  John  W.  and  Thirza  Elizabeth  Kidd. 

In  the  acquirement  of  his  education  George  Kidd  attended  the  grammar  school 
of  Lincoln,  England,  after  leaving  which  he  was  articled  to  his  father.  Sub- 
sequently he  went  to  London,  England,  where  he  entered  the  employ  of  Deloitte, 
Plender,  Griffiths  &  Company,  a  well  known  firm  of  chartered  accountants.  His 
connection  with  them  continued  until  1907,  when  he  was  appointed  secretary  to 
the  London  Board  of  the  British  Columbia  Electric  Company,  the  headquarters 
of  which  are  in  London.  He  first  saw  Vancouver  in  1910  when  he  came  to  the 
province  on  a  visit.  He  then  returned  to  London  but  the  following  year  again 
visited  Vancouver  and,  pleased  with  the  western  city  and  its  prospects  and  desir- 
ous of  remaining,  he  was  appointed  to  his  present  position  as  comptroller  for  the 
British  Columbia  Electric  Railway  Company,  Limited.  As  the  years  have  passed 
on,  since  he  started  out  in  the  business  world,  his  progress  has  been  continuous 
and  he  now  occupies  an  enviable  position  in  the  business  circles  of  his  adopted 
city.  He  is  a  member  of  the  English  Institute  of  Chartered  Accounts,  as  was 
his  father  before  him. 

On  the  4th  of  April,  1900,  Mr.  Kidd  was  married  to  Miss  Blanche  Huth- 
waite,  a  daughter  of  Dr.  Charles  and  Ann  Huthwaite,  the  former  a  prominent 
physician  of  Nottingham,  England. 


HARRY  P.  LATHAM. 

Since  1911  Harry  P.  Latham  has  been  engaged  in  the  real-estate,  insurance 
and  loan  business  in  New  Westminster,  and,  although  he .  has  been  connected 
with  this  line  but  two  years,  has  already  built  up  an  extensive  and  representative 
patronage,  his  trade  connections  continually  increasing  in  importance  and  scope. 
He  has  long  been  in  the  service  of  the  city,  holding  important  positions  with  the 
municipal  government,  and  in  a  public  and  private  way  his  activities  have  proven 
of  benefit  to  his  community.  Born  in  Toronto,  Ontario,  on  June  17,  1877,  he 
is  a  son  of  Peter  and  Elizabeth  Latham,  the  former  a  native  of  Middlewich, 
Cheshire,  England,  and  the  latter  of  Dublin,  Ireland.  Their  marriage  took  place 
in  Toronto.  The  father  was  by  occupation  a  landscape  gardener  and  florist  and 
was  engaged  in  the  floral  business  in  Toronto.  He  was  the  landscape  gardener 
who  laid  out  the  parliament  grounds  there  and  enjoyed  a  wide  reputation  as  one 
of  the  foremost  men  in  his  profession.  In  1881  he  penetrated  into  the  Saskatoon 
country  with  the  Temperance  Colony,  being  accompanied  by  his  sons,  of  whom 
three  were  old  enough  to  take  up  land.  The  government  had  at  that  time  in- 
augurated a  colonization  policy  and  the  wife  was  also  allowed  to  take  up  one 
hundred  and  sixty  acres,  so  that  the  family  came  into  possession  of  five  quarter 
sections  at  the  time.  The  agricultural  enterprise,  however,  was  not  successful, 
as  their  crops  proved  a  failure,  and  after  about  six  years  of  hard  struggles  and 


280  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

labors  the  family  left  that  country  and  came  to  New  Westminster.  Here  the 
father  engaged  in  his  old  business  as  florist  and  landscape  gardener,  being  suc- 
cessful along  that  line.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Royal  Agricultural 
Society,  in  which  he  remained  prominent  until  the  time  of  his  death.  As  a  mon- 
ument to  his  work  can  be  seen  today  the  grounds  of  Queens  Park,  which  he 
laid  out,  and  he  also  designed  many  of  the  gardens  and  parks  surrounding  the 
residences  of  the  wealthy  in  Victoria  and  Vancouver.  He  died  in  1912  but  the 
mother  is  still  living  in  the  old  home  on  Third  avenue  and  Fourth  street. 

Harry  P.  Latham  was  reared  under  the  parental  roof  and  acquired  his  educa- 
tion in  the  Westminster  public  and  high  schools,  graduating  from  the  latter  with 
the  class  of  1893.  Upon  leaving  school  he  entered  the  service  of  the  city  as 
messenger  boy  and  for  seventeen  years  remained  with  the  municipal  government, 
climbing  during  that  time  from  position  to  position  until  the  former  messenger 
boy  had  become  city  treasurer.  In  that  capacity  he  did  efficient  work  deserving 
of  the  highest  commendation.  In  1910  he  severed  his  connection  with  the  muni- 
cipality and  for  the  next  following  year  acted  as  manager  of  the  National  Finance 
Company,  but  in  1911  engaged  independently  in  the  real-estate  and  insurance 
business.  He  formed  a  company  on  January  i,  1913,  by  admitting  W.  N.  Clarke 
to  partnership  and  buying  out  the  business  of  A.  W.  McLeod,  one  of  the  oldest 
and  best  known  real-estate  and  insurance  concerns  in  British  Columbia.  Well 
acquainted  with  the  realty  valuation  in  the  city  and  surrounding  country,  Mr. 
Latham  has  quickly  become  an  important  man  in  his  professional  circles,  his  busi- 
ness increasing  by  leaps  and  bounds  under  his  able  management. 

In  1907  Mr.  Latham  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Molly  Fletcher,  a  daugh- 
ter of  S.  A.  Fletcher,  who  is  a  government  agent  and  resides  in  New  Westmin- 
ster. To  this  union  were  born  two  children,  Gerald  E.  A.  and  Marian. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Latham  are  devoted  members  of  the  Church  of  England,  in 
the  work  of  which  they  take  an  active  and  helpful  interest.  Fraternally  he  is  con- 
nected with  the  Masons,  being  a  member  of  Union  Lodge,  No.  9,  A.  F.  &  A.  M., 
and  the  Royal  Arch  chapter.  He  is  also  a  Knight  Templar,  belonging  to  West- 
minster Commandery,  No.  56.  In  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  he 
holds  membership  with  Amity  Lodge,  No.  27,  of  New  Westminster.  Knowing 
that  the  character  of  a  man's  recreation  is  almost  as  important  as  that  of  his 
work  and  that  through  periods  of  relaxation  that  even  balance  is  maintained 
which  is  so  necessary  to  success,  he  gives  much  attention  to  outdoor  sports.  In 
1899  and  1900  he  was  a  member  of  the  Westminster  lacrosse  team,  which  won 
the  world's  championship  in  both  years,  and  was  with  them  on  their  eastern  trip 
in  1900,  when  they  returned  undefeated.  He  is  the  proud  owner  of  a  gold  watch 
which  was  presented  by  the  citizens  in  1899  and  a  charm  which  was  given  him  in 
1900.  He  still  takes  an  active  interest  in  the  game,  finding  thereby  rest  after  a  day 
of  hard  work.  He  is  interested  in  all  projects  undertaken  to  benefit  the  city  and, 
while  he  is  on  the  highroad  to  prosperity,  never  loses  sight  of  public  interests, 
readily  championing  every  worthy  enterprise  and  not  sparing  of  time  and  money 
to  promote  the  public  welfare. 


WILLIAM  BAYLIS. 

William  Baylis  is  prominently  connected  with  mercantile  interests  of  Victoria 
as  the  proprietor  of  the  Hollywood  Grocery,  a  profitable  enterprise  which  he 
founded  and  which  by  his  energy  and  ability  he  built  up  to  its  present  gratifying 
proportions.  He  was  born  in  Bagington  Hall,  Warwickshire,  England,  December 
8,  1862,  the  second  of  four  sons  in  a  family  of  seven  children  born  to  John  and 
Sarah  (Commander)  Baylis,  natives  of  that  locality.  The  father  followed  the 
nursery  business  there  until  his  death  which  occurred  in  1900  when  he  was  sixty- 
nine  years  of  age.  His  wife  survived  him  until  1904,  dying  at  the  age  of  sixty- nine. 


WILLIAM  BAYLIS 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  283 

William  Baylis  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Wolverhampton, 
England,  and  after  laying  aside  his  books  joined  the  Twentieth  Hussars,  serving 
for  twelve  years  as  a  non-commissioned  officer  and  retiring  as  sergeant  major  in 
September,  1889.  In  that  year  he  came  to  Canada  and  located  at  Lake  Dauphin, 
Manitoba,  where  he  engaged  in  farming  until  1896,  when  he  moved  to  Winnipeg, 
becoming  manager  of  the  Manitoba  Club.  This  position  he  retained  until  1900 
when  he  was  made  manager  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Hotel  at  Moose  ]aw, 
resigning  this  position  in  1901  and  moving  to  Victoria  where  he  has  since  remained. 
Upon  his  arrival  he  became  manager  of  the  Badmington  Club  and  he  held  this 
position  until  1904  when  he  purchased  the  Queens  Hotel,  managing  this  until  1909. 
At  this  time  he  disposed  of  his  interest  in  the  enterprise  and  turned  his  attention 
to  the  grocery  business,  his  establishment  at  the  corner  of  Fairlield  road  and  Lillian 
street  being  situated  on  a  portion  of  ten  acres  which  he  had  formerly  operated  as 
a  poultry  farm.  Mr.  Baylis  is  practically  the  founder  of  intensive  poultry  raising 
in  this  section  and  is  a  recognized  authority  upon  this  subject.  For  several  years 
he  lectured  all  over  British  Columbia  at  Farmers'  Institutes  as  a  representative 
of  the  provincial  government  and  he  edited  the  liritish  Columbia  Poultry  Journal 
for  a  long  period.  His  own  farm  has  now  been  subdivided  into  high  class  resi- 
dential lots  but  he  has  not  by  any  means  abandoned  his  interests  in  scientific  poultry 
raising  and  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  most  able  authorities  upon  this  subject  in 
the  province.  A  great  deal  of  his  attention  is,  however,  given  to  the  development 
of  the  Hollywood  Grocery  of  which  he  is  proprietor,  and  the  business  has  con- 
stantly increased  in  volume  and  importance,  its  growth  necessitating  an  enlarge- 
ment of  quarters  from  time  to  time. 

In  September,  1884,  Mr.  Baylis  was  united  in  marriage  in  Cork.  Ireland,  to 
Miss  Theresa  Willis,  a  daughter  of  John  and  Eleanor  (Synan)  Willis,  natives  of 
that  locality  where  the  father  engaged  in  merchandising.  The  mother  was  a 
descendant  of  the  Synans  of  Doneraile,  whose  ancestors  date  back  to  1077  A.  D. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Baylis  have  three  children :  Frank,  who  is  a  partner  in  and  acts  as 
manager  of  his  father's  grocery  business;  Mary,  who  married  Lieutenant  J.  fl. 
Nankivell  of  the  English  Royal  Navy ;  and  Charles,  a  surveyor  who  makes  his 
home  in  Victoria.  The  Baylis  residence  is  called  Adare  Lodge  and  is  an  attractive 
and  well  improved  home  on  Fairfield  road. 

Mr.  Baylis  is  well  known  in  social  circles  being  a  courteous  and  affable  gentle- 
man, fond  of  all  kinds  of  outdoor  sports  such  as  hunting,  fishing,  boating  and 
horseback  riding.  His  sterling  personal  worth  has  gained  him  many  friends  in 
Victoria  and  his  name  is  recognized  and  respected  in  business  circles  as  a  synonym 
for  integrity  and  straightforward  dealing. 


A.  ERNEST  HENDERSON. 

The  rapid  upbuilding  of  the  west  furnishes  an  excellent  field  to  the  architect, 
the  contractor  and  those  engaged  in  allied  business  affairs.  In  the  first  mentioned 
field  of  labor  A.  Ernest  Henderson  has  gained  recognition  as  one  whose  skill 
and  ability  have  placed  him  far  beyond  the  ranks  of  mediocrity  until  he  now  stands 
among  the  more  successful  few,  practicing  his  profession  as  a  partner  in  the  firm 
of  Grant,  Henderson  &  Cook.  He  was  born  in  Orangeville,  Ontario,  July  13, 
1873,  and  is  a  son  of  Rev.  Canon  and  Martha  (Taylor)  Henderson,  both  of 
whom  are  natives  of  Ontario.  The  father  was  for  forty  years  rector  of  the 
parish  of  Orangeville  but  is  now  living  retired  and  makes  his  home  in  Toronto. 

Mr.  Henderson  was  educated  at  Trinity  College  at  Port  Hope,  and  studied 
architecture  in  both  Toronto  and  Buffalo,  New  York,  later  spending  some  time 
abroad.  He  afterward  went  to  Montreal  where  he  followed  his  profession  for 
a  year  and  a  half  in  the  employ  of  others  and  in  1898  came  to  British  Columbia, 
where  he  entered  the  employ  of  the  well  known  architect  G.  W.  Grant  in  con- 
nection with  work  that  was  being  conducted  at  New  Westminster.  He  after- 


284  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

ward  started  out  independently,  practicing  his  profession  at  that  place  for  two 
years.  In  1903  his  former  employer,  Mr.  Grant,  admitted  him  to  a  partnership 
under  the  firm  style  of  Grant  &  Henderson,  which  connection  has  since  been 
maintained.  In  1912  they  were  joined  by  H.  T.  Cook,  the  third  partner  being 
taken  in  because  of  their  growing  business,  and  the  firm  name  is  now  Grant, 
Henderson  &  Cook.  The  time  of  all  three  is  fully  occupied  with  the  manage- 
ment and  control  of  a  business  which  is  constantly  growing  in  volume  and  im- 
portance. Like  his  partners  Mr.  Henderson  is  acquainted  with  every  phase  of 
the  profession  and  various  fine  structures,  including  public  and  private  buildings 
of  Vancouver,  stand  in  evidence  of  his  knowledge  and  skill  as  an  architect. 

In  October,  1905,  in  Vancouver,  was  celebrated  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Hender- 
son and  Miss  Mildred  Pentreath,  a  daughter  of  the  late  Ven.  Archdeacon  Pen- 
treath.  They  have  three  children,  Aileen  Vivian  Constance,  Isobel  Martha  and 
Eleanor  Mabel.  Mr.  Henderson  is  a  member  of  Acacia  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M., 
and  also  the  Scottish  Rite.  A  believer  in  the  doctrines  of  the  Church  of  Eng- 
land, he  has  his  membership  in  St.  Paul's.  In  politics  he  is  a  conservative  and 
while  taking  an  active  interest  in  political  questions  is  not  a  worker  in  party 
ranks  nor  does  he  seek  the  honors  and  emoluments  of  office.  On  the  contrary 
he  feels  that  his  time  is  sufficiently  occupied  by  his  growing  business  cares  and 
his  ambition  is  rather  in  the  path  of  his  profession  than  in  the  line  of  office  hold- 
ing. Recognizing  the  eternal  principle  that  industry  wins,  he  has  made  that  the 
foundation  upon  which  he  is  building  his  success  and  well  earned  reputation. 


JOHN  DOUGLAS  MATHER. 

Among  the  well  known  representatives  of  brokerage  interests  in  Vancouver 
is  John  Douglas  Mather,  who  has  been  engaged  in  his  present  line  of  business 
since  the  1st  of  January,  1909,  being  a  partner  in  the  corporation  of  Mather 
&  Noble,  Ltd.  He  was  born  in  Ottawa,  April  18,  1882,  his  parents  being  Robert 
Addison  and  Maud  (Cameron)  Mather.  The  father,  a  native  of  Montrose, 
Scotland,  is  now  prominent  in  business  circles  of  Vancouver,  being  president 
of  the  firm  of  Mather  &  Noble,  Ltd. 

John  D.  Mather  was  a  pupil  in  the  schools  of  Kenora,  Ontario,  and  after- 
ward entered  the  employ  of  the  Bank  of  Ottawa  in  the  city  of  Ottawa  in  a  cler- 
ical position.  His  ability  and  fidelity  soon  won  recognition  and  he  was  rapidly 
promoted  through  various  grades  until  he  became  accountant  in  the  Regina 
branch  of  the  bank.  He  resigned  from  that  position  to  become  associated  with 
G.  W.  Murray,  Ltd.,  of  Winnipeg,  and  there  remained  until  the  latter  part  of 
1907,  when  he  came  to  Vancouver  to  accept  the  position  of  secretary  of  the 
Dominion  Trust  Company.  In  that  position  he  remained  until  January  r,  1909, 
when  he  resigned  to  enter  upon  his  present  business  connections.  In  associa- 
tion with  his  father,  Robert  A.  Mather,  and  J.  Fred  Noble  he  formed  the  cor- 
poration of  Mather  &  Noble,  Ltd.,  of  which  he  became  a  director,  so  continu- 
ing to  the  present  time.  The  firm  are  financial  agents  and  real-estate  and  stock 
brokers,  occupying  a  large  suite  of  rooms  in  the  Bank  of  Ottawa  building. 
They  conduct  an  extensive  business,  being  now  accorded  a  large  and  growing 
clientage,  and  Mr.  Mather,  although  one  of  the  young  men  of  Vancouver,  is 
recognized  as  one  of  the  representative  business  men — energetic,  determined 
and  persistent.  What  he  undertakes  he  carries  forward  to  successful  completion 
and,  making  wise  use  of  his  opportunities,  he  has  gained  for  himself  a  well 
deserved  reputation  as  a  factor  in  the  financial  circles  of  Vancouver.  He  is 
also  a  member  of  the  Vancouver  Stock  Exchange. 

On  the  2d  qf  September,  1908,  Mr.  Mather  was  united  in  marriage,  in  Win- 
nipeg, Ontario,  to  Miss  Beatrice  Champion,  a  daughter  of  H.  T.  Champion,  of 
Winnipeg,  and  they  have  two  children,  Mary  Evelyn  and  Robert  Addison. 
The  parents  belong  to  St.  John's  Presbyterian  church.  Mr.  Mather  holds  mem- 


JOHN  D.  MATHER 


-BRITISH  COLUMBIA  287 

bership  in  Western  Gate  Lodge,  No.  48,  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  also  in  the  Van- 
couver Club.  He  is  a  typical  young  man  of  the  west,  possessing  energy  and 
enterprise  which  have  been  the  dominant  factors  in  the  upbuilding  of  this  sec- 
tion of  the  country,  and  is  imbued  with  that  unconquerable  spirit  which  knows 
no  such  word  as  fail  and  which  finds  in  difficulties  and  obstacles  incentive  for 
renewed  efforts,  resulting  in  successful  accomplishment. 


DAVID  MCGREGOR  ROGERS. 

David  AIcGregor  Rogers,  a  well  known  barrister  and  solicitor  of  Victoria^ 
also  occupies  a  prominent  place  in  business  circles  as  managing  director  of  the 
firm  of  Rogers  &  Co.,  Limited,  real-estate,  insurance  and  financial  agents,  with 
offices  in  the  Times  building.  His  birth  occurred  in  Peterboro,  Ontario,  Canada, 
on  the  4th  of  May,  1874,  his  parents  being  Henry  Cassicly  and  Maria  (Burritt) 
Rogers,  likewise  natives  of  Ontario,  Canada.  The  family  is  of  Scotch-English 
origin.  The  first  members  of  the  family  to  emigrate  to  America  came  from 
Ireland  and  settled  in  the  English  colony  of  New  1  lampshire  in  1740.  David 
McGregor  Rogers,  the  paternal  great-grandfather  of  our  subject,  was  born  in 
Vermont  in  1772  and  came  to  Upper  Canada  with  the  United  Empire  Loyalists 
in  1784.  In  1796  he  was  elected  to  represent  Prince  Edward  county  in  the  leg- 
islature. In  1800  he  was  reelected  for  the  same  county  and  during  three  suc- 
ceeding parliaments  was  returned  for  the  county  of  Northumberland,  to  which 
he  had  removed.  He  declined  to  be  a  candidate  in  1816  but  was  elected  in  1820 
and  would  again  have  been  the  successful  candidate  in  1824,  had  he  not  died 
while  the  election  was  in  progress.  During  the  war  of  1812-14  he  was  actively 
engaged  as  a  commissariat  officer,  his  place  being  one  of  the  principal  depots 
between  Kingston  and  Toronto.  James  G.  Rogers,  the  paternal  grandfather  of 
Mr.  Rogers  of  this  review,  was  a  native  of  Brighton,  Ontario,  and  had  a  long 
and  interesting  military  career.  In  1833  he  assumed  command  of  Northumber- 
land Troop  of  Volunteer  Cavalry,  remaining  at  its  head  for  a  period  of  twenty 
years.  During  the  rebellion  of  1837-8  his  cavalry  was  engaged  in  active  service. 
His  demise  occurred  in  November,  1874.  His  son,  Henry  Cassidy  Rogers,  was 
appointed  postmaster  at  Peterboro  in  1871  and  held  that  office  for  forty  years. 
At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  joined  the  Peterboro  Rifle  Company  and  during  the 
Fenian  raids  in  1866  was  in  command  of  that  corps  on  the  frontier.  In  1872  he 
organized  and  took  command  of  the  First  Peterboro  Troop  of  Cavalry,  which 
low  forms  C  Troop  of  the  Third  Prince  of  Wales  Canadian  Dragoons.  He 
vvas  married  in  1863  and  became  the  father  of  seven  children,  five  sons  and  two 
laughters,  our  subject  being  the  second  youngest  of  the  sons. 

David  McGregor  Rogers,  whose  name  introduces  this  review,  received  his 
earlier  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Peterboro  and  the  collegiate  institute 
it  that  place.  In  January,  1888,  he  entered  Trinity  College  School  of  Port  Hope, 
Dntario,  and  was  graduated  from  that  institution  in  June,  1892.  In  October, 
1893,  he  became  a  student  in  Trinity  University  of  Toronto,  which  conferred 
ipon  him  the  degree  of  B.  A.  in  1897  and  that  of  M.  A.  in  1904.  Believing  that 
he  west  offered  better  opportunities,  he  came  to  British  Columbia  in  1897  and 
ocated  in  Victoria,  where  he  entered  the  office  of  McPhillips,  Wootton  &  Barn- 
ird,  solicitors.  He  remained  with  that  firm  until  June,  1901,  at  which  time 
le  was  called  to  the  bar  and  immediately  began  the  practice  of  his  profession  in 
rartnership  with  F.  T.  Cornwall,  under  the  name  of  Cornwall  &  Rogers,  with 
offices  in  the  Law  Chambers  in  Victoria.  This  partnership  was  terminated  in 
903,  Mr.  Rogers  continuing  practice  alone  in  the  same  offices  until  1904,  when 
he  became  associated  with  G.  H.  Barnard  under  the  firm  name  of  Barnard  & 
iiogers.  He  retired  from  general  practice  in  1906  but  continued  doing  legal  work 
i'or  various  corporations  until  1911.  From  1901  until  1912  he  was  a  member  of 
the  examining:  board  of  the  Law  Society  of  British  Columbia,  resigning  in  the 


288  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

latter  year.  During  the  period  in  which  he  was  engaged  in  actual  practice  he 
_  acted  as  solicitor  for  different  banks  and  many  of  the  larger  concerns  of  Victoria. 
In  1911  he  entered  the  real-estate  and  insurance  business  by  negotiating  the  sale 
of  the  extensive  tract  of  land  now  known  as  "Uplands"  and  comprising  about 
four  hundred  and  sixty-five  acres,  to  a  French  syndicate  operating  under  the 
name  of  Uplands,  Limited.  Mr.  Rogers,  who  is  chairman  of  the  board  of 
directors  of  Uplands,  Limited,  devotes  the  greater  part  of  his  time  to  the  manage- 
ment and  development  of  this  place,  which  is  conceded  to  be  the  most  beautiful 
piece  of  suburban  natural  park  property  and  the  most  attractively  and  effectively 
designed  residential  district  to  be  found  in  any  city  of  the  Pacific  northwest, 
having  been  designed  by  John  C.  Olmsted,  the  famous  landscapist  of  Brookline, 
Massachusetts,  and  regarded  as  one  of  his  noteworthy  masterpieces.  Although 
he  gives  most  of  his  attention  to  his  real-estate,  and  especially  Uplands,  Mr. 
Rogers  continues  his  membership  of  the  legal  profession,  accepting  no  cases  in 
court,  however,  and  declining  general  practice.  He  was  formerly  solicitor  for 
The  International  Coal  &  Coke  Company,  Limited,  and  served  as  vice  president 
and  as  a  director  of  this  concern.  He  likewise  acted  as  solicitor  and  a  director 
of  The  Hastings  Shingle  Manufacturing  Company,  Limited,  the  British-Amer- 
ican Trust  Company,  Limited,  and  the  Canada  Western  Chartered  Corporation. 
His  splendid  business  ability  and  keen  discernment  are  also  manifest  in  the  dis- 
charge of  his  important  duties  as  managing  director  of  the  firm  of  Rogers  &  Co., 
Limited,  real-estate,  insurance  and  financial  agents. 

On  the  2oth  of  July,  1904,  at  Tacoma,  Washington,  Mr.  Rogers  was  joined 
in  wedlock  to  Miss  Mary  Ferriss,  her  parents  being  John  M.  and  Maria  Ferriss, 
the  former  a  native  of  New  York.  In  politics  Mr.  Rogers  is  a  conservative, 
having  served  as  secretary  of  the  Conservative  Association  in  1901-2  and  as  a 
member  of  its  executive  committee  for  several  years.  He  holds  membership 
relations  with  the  Union  Club  of  Victoria,  the  Pacific  Club  of  Victoria,  the 
Victoria  Golf  Club,  the  Victoria  Cricket  Club,  the  Royal  Victoria  Yacht  Club, 
and  the  British  Columbia  Hockey  League,  being  the  founder  and  a  former  sec- 
retary of  the  last  named.  He  likewise  belongs  to  the  Victoria  Tennis  Club  and 
the  Progessive  Club,  while  his  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Anglican  church. 
Mr.  Rogers  enjoys  an  enviable  reputation  among  his  professional  brethren  and 
business  associates  and  is  widely  recognized  as  a  public-spirited  and  enterprising 
citizen,  his  efforts  having  been  an  important  factor  in  the  promotion  of  Victoria's 
welfare  and  progress. 

HON.  MONTAGUE  WILLIAM  TYRWHITT-DRAKE. 

One  of  the  most  memorable  figures  in  the  politial,  professional  and  general  pub- 
lic life  of  the  province  of  British  Columbia  was  Hon.  Montague  William  Tyrwhitt- 
Drake,  who  came  to  the  province  in  1859,  and  wno  from  that  time  until  his  death 
left  the  impress  of  his  ability  upon  provincial  history.  He  was  for  many  years 
connected  with  official  life  as  a  member  of  the  legislature  and  in  other  capacities, 
proving  himself  a  capable,  progressive  and  far-sighted  statesman.  In  the  profession 
of  law  he  gained  a  position  of  eminence  among  the  leading  barristers  of  the  prov- 
ince and  his  work  in  this  field  he  also  made  the  basis  of  public  service  through  the 
successful  conduct  of  a  great  deal  of  important  government  litigation.  He  was 
raised  to  the  bench  of  the  supreme  court  in  1889,  serving  capably  and  conscien- 
tiously until  1904. 

Judge  Tyrwhitt-Drake  was  born  at  Kings  Walden,  Hertfordshire,  England, 
January  20,  1830,  and  was  the  second  son  of  the  Rev.  George  Tyrwhitt-Drake,  a 
representative  of  an  old  country  family  of  Shardeloes,  Buckinghamshire,  but 
descended  originally  from  a  brother  of  Sir  Francis  Drake,  the  famous  seaman  of 
the  days  of  Queen  Elizabeth. 

Hon.  Montague  Tyrwhitt-Drake  acquired  his  education  in  Charterhouse  school, 
London,  and  was  subsequently  admitted  as  a  solicitor  in  England  in  1851.  Eight 


HON.  MONTAGUE  WILLIAM   TYRWHITT-DRAKE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  291 

years  later  he  came  to  British  Columbia,  making  the  journey  by  way  of  the  isthmus 
of  Panama  and  arriving  as  a  pioneer  in  the  province  in  1859.  For  a  short  time  he 
tried  placer  mining  in  the  Cariboo  country,  but,  meeting  with  little  success,  he  came 
to  Victoria  and  resumed  the  practice  of  his  profession,  in  which  each  year  brought 
him  increasing  prominence.  .He  was  for  two  years  in  partnership  with  Attorney 
General  Carey,  and  from  the  beginning  of  his  career  was  connected  with  notable 
litigation.  His  ability  in  law  brought  him  prominently  before  the  people  of  Victoria 
and  he  soon  became  very  active  in  public  affairs,  serving  .from  1868  to  1870  as  a 
member  of  the  legislative  council  for  the  city.  Two  years  later  he  became  a  mem- 
ber of  the  board  of  education  and  in  1877  was  elected  mayor  of  the  city,  his  adminis- 
tration being  still  remembered  on  account  of  the  constructive,  businesslike  and  pro- 
gressive policy  by  which  it  was  characterized.  In  1873  Judge  Tyrwhitt-Drake  was 
made  a  member  of  the  British  Columbia  bar  and  ten  years  later  was  made  queen's 
counsel.  In  the  same  year  he  represented  Victoria  as  a  member  of  the  legislative 
assembly,  holding  his  seat  in  that  body  until  1886  and  serving  from  1883  to  1884  as 
president  of  the  executive  council.  During  all  of  this  time  his  prominence  in  law 
had  kept  pace  with  his  advancement  in  public  life.  He  was  known  as  a  strong,  able 
ind  forceful  practitioner,  learned  in  his  profession,  practical  in  the  application  of  his 
<nowledge  and  possessed  of  incisive,  keen  and  analytical  powers  of  mind.  His  prac- 
tice reached  extensive  proportions,  connecting  him  with  a  number  of  important 
cases,  and  in  1887  he  was  employed  by  the  Dominion  government  as  its  counsel  in 
the  matter  of  the  first  seizure  of  the  Canadian  sealing  schooners.  He  laid  out  the 
lines  on  which  the  case  should  be  fought  and  these  were  followed  throughout  the 
:ontroversy,  the  report  of  the  arbitration  committee  at  Paris  sustaining  the  Cana- 
dian representatives.  Judge  Tyrwhitt-Drake  was  elevated  to  the  bench  of  the 
supreme  court  of  British  Columbia  in  1889,  retiring  in  1904  after  an  honorable  and 
vvorthy  judicial  career. 

In  1862  Judge  Tyrwhitt-Drake  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Joanna  Tolmie, 
i  daughter  of  James  Tolmie,  of  Ardersier,  Scotland.    Mrs.  Tyrwhitt-Drake  passed 
iway  in  1901  and  is  survived  by  four  daughters  and  a  son,  the  latter,  Brian  H. 
Tyrwhitt-Drake,  being  registrar  of  the  supreme  court.    A  more  extended  mention 
of  his  career  appears  on  another  page  in  this  work.     Judge  Montague  Tyrwhitt- 
Drake  died  in  Victoria  April  19,  1908,  his  death  marking  the  passing  of  one  of 
British  Columbia's  most  honored  pioneer  citizens  and  a  man  whose  career  forms  an 
:mportant  chapter  in  the  legislative,  judicial  and  professional  history  of  the  prov- 
nce. 


H.  J.  BUTTERFIELD. 

One  of  the  important  wholesale  establishments  of  New  Westminster  is  that 
of  H.  J.  Butterfield,  wholesale  dealer  in  fish.  He  was  born  in  the  Hawaiian 
islands  while  his  parents  were  on  a  trip  to  Honolulu,  on  September  5,  1874,  and 
is  a  son  of  James  T.  and  Jessie  (Holt)  Butterfield,  the  father  a  native  of  Maine 
;.nd  the  mother  of  Nova  Scotia.  In  1856  the  father  went  to  California,  locating 
in  Nevada  county,  where  for  a  number  of  years  he  was  engaged  in  mining  but 
subsequently  became  connected  with  the  sheep  and  goat  industry,  importing  into 
California  the  first  Angora  goats  ever  brought  into  that  state.  He  later  intro- 
duced that  breed  also  into  Oregon  and  Washington.  He  was  married  in  San 
Francisco,  where  the  parents  of  his  bride,  Samuel  and  Caroline  Holt,  were  then 
living.  Subsequently,  however,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Holt  moved  to  British  Columbia 
t3  make  it  their  home,  locating  in  New  Westminster,  where  the  grandfather 
<  f  our  subject  is  still  living,  the  grandmother  having  passed  away  on  February 
12,  1913.  James  T.  Butterfield,  the  father,  moved  with  his  family  from  San 
Jose,  California,  where  he  was  then  living,  to  British  Columbia  in  1888,  locating 
ii  New  Westminster,  where  he  still  makes  his  home,  although  he  spends  the 
\  'inter  months  in  California. 

H.  J.  Butterfield  was  reared  at  home,  acquiring  his  education  in  the  public 
and  private  schools  and  the  San  Jose  Academy  of  that  city.  Discontinuing  his 


292  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

lessons,  he  subsequently,  in  1893,  engaged  in  fruit  culture  and  the  nursery  busi- 
ness, with  which  he  was  successfully  identified  for  about  eight  years  before  he 
came  in  1901  to  British  Columbia,  locating  in  New  Westminster.  He  has  since 
that  time  engaged  in  the  wholesale  fish  business  and  has  an  extensive  trade,  sup- 
plying the  markets  in  Alberta  and  Saskatchewan,  also  Vancouver  and  Victoria. 
His  business  ability  leads  him  continually  to  increase  his  trade  connections  and 
the  business  is  growing  from  year  to  year,  his  annual  returns  increasing  in  a  most 
gratifying  manner. 

On  December  24,  1897,  Mr.  Butterfield  was  married  to  Miss  Lillian  Still- 
wagon,  of  Flushing,  Long  Island,  and  to  this  union  were  born  seven  children, 
Lilly  1.,  Hope  J.,  Chester  C.,  Theodore,  Wesley,  Pearl  and  Ammon.  Both  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Butterfield  are  members  of  the  Reorganized  Church  of  Jesus  Christ 
Latter  Day  Saints  and  his  political  affiliations  are  with  the  liberal  party.  Com- 
mercial life  in  Xe\v  Westminster  has  distinctly  profited  by  the  arrival  of  Mr. 
Butterfield,  who  not  only  has  promoted  his  own  interests  since  locating  here  but 
has  proven  a  factor  in  general  commercial  expansion.  A  man  of  wide  outlook 
and  shrewd  judgment,  he  is  continually  improving  his  opportunities  and  by  tak- 
ing care  of  advantages  as  they  have  come  in  his  way  has  attained  to  a  prominent 
and  substantial  position. 


CAPTAIN  M.  NEELIN  GARLAND. 

Captain  M.  Neelin  Garland,  of  Vancouver,  has  various  business  interests,  in 
the  management  and  control  of  which  he  displays  sound  judgment  and  unfaltering 
perseverance.  He  was  born  in  Carleton  county,  Ontario,  and  is  a  son  of  Edward 
and  Mary  Ann  (Neelin)  Garland,  the  former  a  native  of  Surrey,  England,  and  the 
latter  of  the  north  of  Ireland.  In  early  life  they  became  residents  of  Carleton 
county,  Ontario,  where  they  were  among  the  pioneer  settlers  and  lived  there 
throughout  their  remaining  days.  Carleton  county  has  nearly  always  been  repre- 
sented in  the  Dominion  parliament  by  some  member  of  this  family,  and,  there  is  a 
most  creditable  public  record  associated  with  the  family  name. 

After  attending  the  public  schools  Captain  M.  Neelin  Garland  continued  his  edu- 
cation at  Belleville  College  in  Belleville,  Ontario,  from  which  he  was  graduated.  He 
was  engaged  in  mining  in  Ontario  until  1894,  when  he  came  to  British  Columbia. 
He  mined  on  the  Eraser  river  from  1894  to  1898,  when  he  went  to  the  Yukon  on 
his  own  initiative  and  there  staked  what  was  known  as  the  Bed  Rock  flume  con- 
cession. The  following  year  he  was  appointed  superintendent  of  the  British  Amer- 
ican Corporation  and  located  and  opened  their  copper  properties  at  White  Horse, 
Yukon  Territory.  His  experiences  were  those  which  usually  came  in  connection 
with  mine  development  and  brought  him  intimate  knowledge  of  that  great  depart- 
ment of  industry.  He  resigned  in  1900  and  retired  to  Vancouver,  since  which  time 
he  has  been  engaged  in  the  timber  and  lumber  business  and  has  assisted  in  organizing 
several  successful  ventures.  He  is  managing  director  of  the  Nimkish  Lake  Log- 
ging Company,  Limited,  being  also  largely  interested  in  British  Columbia  farm 
lands,  in  which  he  made  extensive  investments.  Whatever  success  is  his  is  attribu- 
table entirely  to  his  own  labors,  as  he  early  recognized  the  truth  that  there  is  no 
royal  road  to  wealth  and  that  there  is  no  excellence  without  effort.  Thus  it  was 
that  he  bent  his  energies  to  accomplishment  of  the  tasks  assigned  him,  and  with  the 
passing  years  has  advanced  step  by  step  .to  the  goal  of  prosperity.  His  invest- 
ments in  business  affairs  cover  a  wide  scope  and  he  is  connected  with  many  impor- 
tant business  projects.  Varied  are  the  interests  which  have  claimed  his  attention, 
having  to  do  with  business  affairs,  the  duties  of  citizenship  and  public  obligations. 
His  support  of  any  movement  has  ever  been  prompted  by  a  conscientious  belief 
in  its  advisibility  and  he  attacks  everything  in  which  he  is  interested  with  a  con- 
tagious enthusiasm. 

Captain  Garland  served  with  the  Princess  Louise  Dragoon  Guards  at  Ottawa 
and  won  the  rank  of  captain  in  C  School,  Toronto,  his  commission  dating  from  the 


CAPTAIN  M.  NEELIN  GARLAND 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  295 

3 ist  of  October,  1889.  He  votes  the  conservative  ticket  and  is  keenly  interested 
in  Dominion  and  provincial  politics.  Every  measure  that  goes  to  the  upbuilding  or 
development  of  the  country,  and  particularly  British  Columbia,  is  sure  of  his 
earnest  and  hearty  support.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  and  also 
belongs  to  the  Vancouver  Club ;  the  Jericho  Country  Club ;  the  Royal  Vancouver 
Yacht  Club,  and  the  Canadian  Military  Institute,  at  Toronto.  His  religious  faith 
is  that  of  the  Anglican  church. 

Captain  Garland  was  married  in  19x39  to  Miss  Mary  Agnes  Lyons,  only  daughter 
af  John  R.  Lyons,  J.  P.,  of  Rochdale,  Lancashire,  England. 


FRANK  ALEXIS  PATRICK. 

An  eminent  philosopher  has  said  that  few  men  recognize  the  fact  that  play- 
ing well  is  only  of  secondary  importance  to  working  well — that  relaxation  and 
entertainment  maintain  in  nature  an  even  balance  to  business  activity.    There  is 
in  all  Vancouver  no  more  attractive  place  of  recreation  than  the  Arena,  of  which 
Frank  Alexis  Patrick  is  manager.     Well  defined  plans,  carefully  executed,  not- 
ible  business  ability  and  discernment  combined  with  systematic  management  have 
)een  the  features  which  have  made  this  the  splendid  institution  which  it  is  today, 
[ts  existence  is  due  to  the  Patrick  family  with  the  subject  of  this  review  as  one 
>f  the  promoters  and  directors.     He  is  yet  a  young  man,  his  birth  having  occurred 
n   Ottawa,   Ontario,   December  21,    1885,   his   parents  being  Joseph   and   Grace 
'Nelson)   Patrick.     The  father  was  a  son  of  Thomas  Patrick,  who  came  from 
County  Tyrone,  Ireland,  and  settled  in  one  of  the  eastern  townships  of  Quebec, 
liis  home  being  near  Sherbrooke,  where  he  engaged  in  farming.     His  son  Joseph 
^atrick  was  reared  there  upon  the  homestead  farm  and  after  reaching  manhood 
•mgaged  in  the  timber  business  in  Quebec,  with  headquarters  and  residence  in 
Vfontreal.     His  business  grew  to  extensive  proportions  and  he  carried  on   his 
operations  in  Quebec  until  1906,  when  he  acquired  large  timber  limits  in  British 
1  Columbia  and  removed  to  Nelson.     There  he  continued  in  the  timber  and  lumber 
business  under  the  name  of  the  Patrick  Lumber  Company  until  1911,  when  he 
disposed  of  his  interests  to  the  British  Canadian  Lumber  Corporation  and  retired 
from  active  commercial  pursuits.     He  then  removed  to  Victoria  where  he  now 
icsides,  enjoying  the  fruits  of  his  former  labor  in  a  well  earned  and  well  merited 
rest,  his  activities  in  former  years  being  productive  of  a  handsome  competence 
ihat  now  supplies  him  with  all  of  the  comforts  of  life.    He  married  Grace  Nelson, 
;i  daughter  of  R.  V.  Nelson,  a  well  known  and  prominent  railroad  contractor 
of  Ontario  and  the  maritime  provinces. 

In  the  pursuit  of  his  education  Frank  A.  Patrick  attended  the  grammar  and 
high  schools  of  Montreal  and  McGill  University  in  that  city,  from  which  insti- 
gation he  was  graduated  in  1908  with  the  degree  of  B.  A.  Following  his  grad- 
ration  he  joined  his  father  at  Nelson,  British  Columbia,  and  became  associated 
with  him  in  the  timber  and  lumber  business  as  superintendent  of  the  Patrick 
Lumber  Company.  He  continued  to  act  in  that  capacity  until  the  business  was 
sold  in  1911,  when  he  came  to  Vancouver  and  organized  the  Vancouver  Arena 
Company,  Ltd.,  of  which  he  became  managing  director  and  so  continues.  In  this 
t  ndertaking  he  is  associated  with  his  father  and  brother  Lester.  The  company 

<  rected  the  Vancouver  Arena,  one  of  the  largest,  finest  and  most  imposing  of  its 
Vind  in  the  world,  constructed  at  a  cost  of  more  than  three  hundred  thousand 

<  ollars.    It  contains  an  artificial  ice  rink  with  an  ice  surface  eighty-five  feet  wide 

l>y  two  hundred  and  ten  feet  in  length  and  having  a  seating  capacity  for  ten 
thousand,  five  hundred  people.  This  artificial  ice  rink  was  the  first  to  be  built 

ii  Canada  and  is  the  finest  on  the  American  continent.  The  Arena  contains  the 
most  up-to-date  refrigerating  plant  in  the  country  from  the  viewpoint  of  fur- 
nishing ice  surfaces  for  skating  purposes,  hockey  and  curling,  as  well  as  ice  for 

domestic  consumption.     The  ice   for  the  rink  is  manufactured  by  the  gravity 


296 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA 


brine  system,  a  process  invented  and  patented  by  Mr.  Patrick.  Unlike  other 
systems  there  are  no  series  of  coils,  but  all  the  pipes,  which  are  operated  inde- 
pendently, are  fed  by  one  large  pipe,  which  in  turn  is  absolutely  controlled.  The 
ice  so  manufactured  has  proven  to  be  superior  to  natural  ice  for  skating  pur- 
poses. In  the  basement  of  the  building  provision  is  made  for  the  curlers,  where 
there  are  four  fine  sheets  of  ice.  For  a  building  of  such  great  size  its  seating 
capacity  is  so  arranged  as  to  afford  the  spectators  a  perfect  view  of  the  entire 
ice  surface  from  any  point  of  the  building.  The  lighting  system  is  superior  to 
that  of  any  ice  skating  rink  in  the  country.  The  building  contains  four  entrances 
and  fourteen  exits  and  can  be  emptied  in  three  minutes,  even  when  full  to  its 
capacity.  The  primary  object  of  the  Arena  is  to  provide  a  rink  in  which  to 
stage  the  game  of  hockey,  the  great  Canadian  winter  sport.  The  rink  was  opened 
for  skating  on  the  2Oth  of  December,  1911,  and  soon  afterward  the  hockey  sea- 
son was  inaugurated  with  three  teams,  representing  Vancouver,  New  West- 
minster and  Victoria,  comprising  the  Pacific  Hockey  Association.  The  games 
have  attracted  great  public  interest  during  the  two  seasons  in  which  the  league 
has  been  active  and  have  been  liberally  patronized.  Mr.  Patrick  is  a  fine  hockey 
player  and  occupies  the  point  position  on  the  Vancouver  team  as  well  as  being 
manager  of  the  team.  He  is  a  splendid  athlete  in  many  directions  and  is  a  cham- 
pion of  all  kinds  of  athletics  and  of  manly  outdoor  sports.  During  the  summer 
months  the  Vancouver  Arena  is  used  for  the  purpose  of  holding  shows  of  various 
kinds  and  for  all  attractions  requiring  a  large  seating  capacity,  while  the 
basement  is  utilized  for  the  manufacture  of  artificial  ice  for  domestic  use  and  for 
cold  storage  purposes.  The  Patricks,  father  and  sons,  also  built  and  own  the 
Victoria  Arena,  erected  on  the  same  lines  as  the  Vancouver  rink  but  with  only 
half  the  seating  capacity.  The  Victoria  rink  is  under  the  management  of  Lester 
Patrick,  while  the  father  is  only  financially  interested  in  the  business. 

Frank  A.  Patrick  is  a  liberal  in  politics  but  not  an  active  party  worker.  He 
belongs  to  the  University  and  Canadian  Clubs  and  to  the  Methodist  church.  His 
has  been  an  active  and  well  spent  life,  his  labors  reaching  achievement  in  well 
earned  success.  That  he  possesses  splendid  business  ability  is  evidenced  in  the 
establishment  and  control  of  the  mammoth  rink  of  which  he  is  in  charge  and 
which  meets  a  need  for  public  entertainment  that  makes  it  a  valuable  adjunct 
to  Vancouver. 


VICTOR  ALEXANDER  GEORGE  ELIOT. 

Victor  Alexander  George  Eliot  is  managing  director  at  Victoria  of  the  West- 
ern Dominion  Land  &  Investment  Company,  Limited,  in  which  connection  he  is 
doing  much  as  a  city  builder  and  developer  of  property.  A  young  man  imbued 
with  the  progressive  spirit  of  the  west,  he  is  taking  an  active  part  in  the  work 
of  general  improvement  and  advancement,  and  with  him  each  year  chronicles 
successful  achievement.  He  was  born  in  London,  England,  June  2,  1884,  a  son 
of  Philip  Eliot,  who  was  dean  of  Windsor  and  chaplain  to  the  late  Queen  Victoria, 
to  the  late  King  Edward  and  now  to  King  George.  The  mother,  Mary  Emma 
Eliot,  who  died  in  October,  1901,  was  a  daughter  of  the  fifth  Baron  Rivers  and 
was  maid  of  honor  to  Queen  Victoria. 

Victor  A.  G.  Eliot  pursued  his  education  in  Maryborough  College  of  England 
from  1898  until  1902  and  then  became  a  student  at  Trinity  College,  Oxford, 
where  he  spent  two  years.  He  made  his  initial  step  in  the  business  circles  of 
the  northwest  as  a  clerk  in  the  Bank  of  Montreal  at  Victoria  and  afterward  occu- 
pied a  clerical  position  with  the  British  American  Trust  Company,  Limited,  in 
that  city.  He  turned  his  attention  to  the  brokerage  business  as  senior  partner 
in  the  firm  of  Eliot  &  Bronley,  of  Victoria,  and  afterward  became  a  partner  in 
the  firm  of  Bevan,  Gore  &  Eliot,  which  is  affiliated  with  the  Western  Dominion 
Land  &  Investment  Company.  He  is  now  managing  director  of  the  latter  and 


VICTOR  A.  G.  ELIOT 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  299 

also  a  director  of  the  British  Investments.  Limited.  The  Western  Dominion 
Land  &  Investment  Company,  Limited,  is  interested  in  three  hundred  acres  of 
land  on  Tod  Inlet,  on  the  south  side  of  the  Saanich  peninsula,  about  eleven  miles 
from  Victoria.  This  property  is  being  subdivided  into  small  blocks  suitable  for 
settlers  who  intend  to  engage  in  market  gardening  or  mixed  farming.  The  com- 
pany also  handles  a  considerable  amount  of  English  capital  for  investment  in 
mortgages,  agreements  of  sale,  real  estate  and  industrial  concerns.  They  hold 
seats  on  the  Victoria,  Vancouver  and  Spokane  stock  exchanges  and  are  in 
close  touch  with  the  real-estate  and  money  market  of  the  province.  The  main 
office  of  the  company  is  located  in  Vancouver,  under  the  management  of  C.  H. 
Gore,  while  the  Victoria  office  is  under  the  management  of  Victor  A.  G.  Eliot. 
The  company's  London  address  is  u  Haymarket  and  the  office  in  the  metropolis 
is  in  charge  of  Gerald  C.  Torrens,  while  a  branch  office  is  located  at  Sidney,  on 
Vancouver  island,  and  is  in  charge  of  Mr.  Oldfield,  at  which  point  he  is  handling 
a  large  tract  of  land  that  has  been  subdivided  into  business  and  residential  lots, 
known  as  the  Brethour  subdivision.  A  portion  of  this  is  industrial  property, 
having  water  frontage  facilities,  and  the  remainder  is  high  class  residential  prop- 
erty, all  being  handled  on  the  easy  payment  plan.  The  company  has  also  acquired 
large  interests  in  the  Bulkley  Valley  and  Fort  George  districts,  which  they  are 
subdividing  into  small  blocks  suitable  for  gardening  and  mixed  farming.  The 
company  also  has  large  holdings  of  inside  business  property  in  Victoria  and 
Vancouver.  Their  efforts  have  been  a  most  important  factor  in  the  upbuilding  of 
the  town  of  Sidney,  which  has  been  termed  "the  town  with  a  future."  It  is 
fast  becoming  a  great  manufacturing  and  industrial  center.  Another  notable 
work  which  is  being  accomplished  by  the  Western  Dominion  Land  &  Investment 
Company,  Limited,  is  the  development  of  Brentwood,  an  attractive  residential 
suburb  situated  on  the  British  Columbia  electric  line,  within  eleven  miles  of  the 
:enter  of  Victoria.  With  its  splendid  water  front  and  rolling  ground,  it  offers 
excellent  advantages  to  builders  of  beautiful  homes  who  desire  an  ideal  climate 
is  well  as  building  sites.  In  all  of  his  work  in  connection  with  the  company  Mr. 
Eliot  manifests  a  most  progressive  spirit  and  his  labors  have  been  an  important 
element  in  the  success  of  the  corporation  with  which  he  is  connected. 

Mr.  Eliot  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Grace  Edith  Langley,  a  daughter  of 
Walter  Langley,  of  Basque  Ranche,  Ashcroft,  British  Columbia.  Their  mar- 
riage was  celebrated  in  London,  England,  May  6,  1907.  They  are  members  of 
the  Church  of  England  and  Mr.  Eliot  gives  his  political  allegiance  to  the  con- 
servative party  but  is  not  an  active  party  worker.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Board 
of  Trade  and  is  interested  in  every  movement  not  only  for  the  benefit  and  upbuild- 
ing of  Victoria  but  of  the  entire  province.  The  social  activities  of  his  life  feature 
argely  in  connection  with  the  Union  Club,  the  Victoria  Golf  Club,  the  Victoria 
Lawn  Tennis  Club  and  the  Cowichan  Country  Club. 


FRED  ALLEN. 

Among  the  men  who  from  pioneer  times  have  taken  a  prominent  part  in 
Business  affairs  in  Vancouver  and  who,  in  ably  advancing  their  own  interests, 
have  become  forces  in  general  development  is  numbered  Fred  Allen,  a  feed  mer- 
chant on  Water  street.  The  years  have  brought  him  wealth,  business  prominence 
and  a  place  among  the  representative  men  of  the  city  where  he  is  now  living  in 
practical  retirement  although  still  supervising  the  management  of  his  store.  He 
was  born  November  20,  1861,  at  Charfield,  Gloucestershire,  England,  and  is  a 
son  of  George  and  Ann  Allen,  the  former  for  many  years  active  as  a  shoemaker. 
Both  have  passed  away. 

Fred  Allen  is  in  all  essential  respects  a  self-made  man,  for  at  the  early  age 
of  nine  years  he  was  obliged  to  leave  the  public  schools  of  his  native  city  and 
jegin  earning  his  own  livelihood.  He  worked  first  in  his  father's  shoe  shop, 


300  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

where  he  continued  for  seven  years,  after  which  he  obtained  a  clerical  position 
in  a  grocery  store  in  the  Birmingham  district.  Resigning  this  and  leaving  his 
native  country,  he  emigrated  to  Canada,  settling  first  in  Toronto,  Ontario,  where 
he  followed  railroading,  working  in  various  positions  for  about  five  years  there- 
after. In  1884  he  came  to  British  Columbia  and  after  a  short  stay  in  Victoria 
moved  to  Yale,  where  he  was  employed  by  J.  B.  Lovell  in  a  general  store  for 
about  three  years.  In  the  fall  of  1887,  after  the  Vancouver  fire,  he  came  to  this 
city,  where  he  is  now  numbered  among  the  early  settlers.  For  three  years  he 
worked  in  a  feed  store  conducted  by  H.  Arkell  and  then  established  himself  in 
this  line,  his  place  of  business  being  the  old  Methodist  church  on  Water  street, 
now  one  of  the  landmarks  of  the  city.  For  twenty-two  years  he  has  conducted 
his  store  in  that  locality  and  during  all  of  that  time  has  not  been  absent  from 
the  store  for  two  weeks.  In  the  interval  his  business  has  developed  and  ex- 
panded into  one  of  the  largest  of  its  kind  in  the  city  and  he  himself  has  taken 
his  place  among  the  substantial  merchants  and  progressive  business  men.  From 
time  to  time  he  has  invested  judiciously  in  city  property  and  the  rise  in  land  values 
has  brought  him  an  independent  income  upon  which  he  is  living  practically 
retired. 

Mr.  Allen  married  Miss  Mary  McLeod,  a  daughter  of  George  and  Mary 
McLeod,  of  Prince  Edward  Island,  both  of  whom  have  passed  away.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Allen  have  three  children,  Percy,  Gordon  and  Muriel,  all  of  whom  are 
attending  school.  Mr.  Allen  is  independent  in  his  political  views.  He  belongs 
to  the  Pioneer  Association  of  Vancouver  as  one  of  the  early  settlers  in  the  city 
which  at  the  time  of  his  arrival  was  a  small  village  whose  business  district  cen- 
tered about  his  store.  He  has  witnessed  its  development  into  one  of  the  most 
important  cities  on  the  Pacific  coast  and  has  seen  its  institutions  founded  and 
its  business  relations  extended,  bearing  to  the  best  of  his  ability  and  opportu- 
nities an  active  and  honorable  part  in  the  work  of  progress  and  advancement. 
His  present  period  of  leisure  is  well  deserved,  rewarding  many  years  of  untir- 
ing industry  and  well  directed  labor  in  the  past. 


RUSSELL  SMITHER. 

For  thirty-five  years  Russell  Smither  has  lived  upon  his  farm  at  New  West- 
minster, and  his  activities  have  been  a  force  in  the  general  development  and 
progress  as  well  as  in  the  attainment  of  individual  success.  At  the  present 
writing  he  is  living  retired,  enjoying  the  fruits  of  his  earnest  and  intelligently 
directed  effort  in  former  years.  He  is  numbered  among  the  honored  pioneer 
settlers  of  British  Columbia  but  is  a  native  of  England,  his  birth  having  oc- 
curred in  London  on  the  28th  of  February,  1846,  his  parents  being  John  and 
Emma  Smither,  both  of  whom  have  passed  away.  The  father's  business  was 
that  of  car  man  and  agent. 

Russell  Smither  was  educated  mainly  in  The  City  of  London  School  at 
Cheapside  and  when  sixteen  years  of  age  .was  apprenticed  to  a  contractor  and 
builder,  with  whom  he  served  for  five  years.  About  this  time  he  attained  his 
majority  and  leaving  England  in  1867,  he  crossed  the  Atlantic  to  the  United 
States,  working  for  two  years  thereafter  at  the  carpenter's  trade  in  connection 
with  a  railroad  in  Illinois.  Subsequently  he  went  to  Franklin  county,  Kansas, 
where  he  purchased  two  hundred  and  forty  acres  of  land  and  there  carried 
on  general  farming  for  six  years,  but  owing  to  the  grasshopper  scourge  and 
drouth  he  determined  to  make  a  change  and  in  1875  went  to  San  Francisco, 
California,  where  for  nearly  three  years  he  was  employed  at  his  trade  in  con- 
nection with  the  building  of  the  Palace  and  Baldwin  Hotels. 

In  September,  1877,  Mr.  Smither  came  to  British  Columbia  and  has  since 
been  a  resident  of  New  Westminster.  He  was  among  the  first  to  homestead 
one  hundred  and  sixty  acres  on  the  Hall's  Prairie  road,  but  on  account  of  the 


RUSSELL  SMITHER 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  303 

bad  condition  of  the  roads,  the  difficulty  of  clearing  the  land  and  lack  of  means 
he  afterward  sold  that  property.  In  those  days  a  row  boat  was  the  only  ferry 
and  was  quite  sufficient  for  the  few  who  then  crossed  the  river.  For  many 
years  Mr.  Smither  worked  for  the  firm  of  John  Hendry,  McNair  &  Company, 
afterward  called  the  Royal  City  Planing  Mills  Company,  his  long  continuance 
in  their  service  indicating  clearly  his  fidelity  and  capability.  In  1879  he  pur- 
chased seven  acres  of  land  on  the  north  arm  on  the  Fraser  river,  for  which 
he  paid  one  hundred  and  seventy-five  dollars  and  on  which  the  taxes  for  a  num- 
ber of  years  were  only  fifty  cents.  After  clearing  this  land  he  planted  an 
orchard  and  also  began  raising  chickens,  meeting  with  considerable  success  in 
that  undertaking. 

Upon  the  tract  he  established  his  home  and  in  1883  he  wedded  Mary  K. 
Holt,  a  daughter  of  S.  F.  and  Caroline  Holt,  natives  of  Nova  Scotia,  who  came 
to  British  Columbia  in  1877.  They  have  become  the  parents  of  five  children: 
Emma  M.,  now  the  wife  of  W.  M.  Kerr ;  William  P.;  fohn  S .;  Cara  11.  and 
Russell  H. 

Fraternally  Mr.  Smither  is  connected  with  the  Masonic  fraternity  and  the 
\ncient  Order  of  United  Workmen.  He  belongs  to  the  Church  of  England 
ind  in  politics  votes  independently,  placing  the  genera!  good  above  partisanship. 
In  1892  he  was  elected  and  served  as  alderman  of  the  city  council  and  in  1893 
filled  the  position  of  school  trustee.  He  has  always  been  greatly  interested  in 
gardening  and  music  and  has  found  therein  recreation  and  pleasure.  He  is  now 
practically  living  retired,  enjoying  the  rest  which  crowns  earnest,  persistent  and 
lonorable  effort. 


WILLIAM  WALMSLEY. 

Since  1911  William  Walmsley  has  efficiently  filled  the  important  position  of 
issistant  sanitary  inspector  in  New  Westminster,  doing  work  which  largely 
•esults  in  the  betterment  of  sanitary  conditions  in  the  city  and  which  is  a  factor 
n  the  prevention  of  disease  and  epidemics.  He  was  born  in  County  Fermanagh, 
Ireland,  in  1868  and  is  a  son  of  Edward  and  Mary  J.  (Sheridan)  Walmsley, 
latives  of  that  county,  who  came  to  Canada  in  1885,  locating  in  Ottawa.  In 
[891  they  crossed  the  continent  to  New  Westminster,  British  Columbia,  where 
he  mother  still  lives,  the  father  having  passed  away.  During  the  greater  part 
)f  his  active  life  he  was  engaged  as  a  stationary  engineer  and  was  highly  esteemed 
md  respected  in  the  communities  in  which  he  made  his  home. 

William   Walmsley   was   reared   under   the   parental    roof,    remaining   in   his 
lative  island  until  he  was  seventeen  years  of  age,  when  he  removed  with  his 
>arents  to  Canada.     He  was  educated  in  the  common  schools  and  upon  discon- 
inuing  his  lessons  served  an  apprenticeship  at  the  blacksmith's  trade  in  Ottawa, 
vorking  at   his   trade   as   a   journeyman   before   coming   to    New    Westminster. 
Arriving  here  in  1891,  he  remained  but  a  year,  proceeding  in  1892  to  the  Koot- 
•onay  country,  engaging  in  the  hotel  business  and  operating  an  establishment  of 
hat  kind  in  Kaslo  for  four  years,  subsequent  to  which  period  he  continued  in 
he  same  line  in  Whitewater  for  six  years  and  in  Sandon  for  one  year.    He  then 
•eturned  to  New  Westminster,  turning  his  attention  to  agricultural  pursuits  for 
he  next  three  years  and  giving  his  time  to  contracting  for  the  next  two  years, 
loing  work  for  the  Emerson  Lumber  Company.     His  next  position  was  as  con- 
ductor for  the  British  Columbia  Electric  Company,  in  which  relationship  he  re- 
nained  for  two  years,  but  in  1911  he  was  made  assistant  sanitary  inspector  of 
'he  city  of  New  Westminster.      He  gives  his  undivided  attention  to  this  impor- 
ant  work,  promoting  health  conditions  in  every  possible  way.      The  position  is 
;in  important  one,  as  it  directly  affects  the  people,  and  Mr.  Walmsley  conscien- 
iously  recognizes  the  seriousness  of  his  duties,  which  he  fulfills  with  the  great- 
est punctiliousness  and  faithfulness, 
vol.  rv— 1 1 


304  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Mr.  Walmsley  married  Miss  Alary  Tappan,  of  Manitoba,  and  to  them  were 
born  three  children,  Arthur  William,  Elva  Gladys  and  George  Laverne.  His 
political  allegiance  is  given  to  the  conservative  party  and,  although  he  keeps  well 
informed  upon  all  questions  of  the' day,  he  takes  no  active  part  in  the  public  life 
of  the  city  or  province,  his  important  duties  precluding  activity  along  other 
lines.  He  is  well  known  and  popular  in  New  Westminster  and  to  a  large  extent 
enjoys  the  confidence  and  good-will  of  the  populace,  who  not  only  esteem  him  as 
an  efficient  public  official  but  also  as  a  man  who  is  distinguished  for  many  high 
qualities  of  mind  and  character. 


ALBERT   EDWARD    PLANTA. 

Among  the  public-spirited  citizens  of  Nanaimo  to  whose  energy  and  enter- 
prise must  be  attributed  the  excellent  progress  and  stable  development  of  the 
city  is  numbered  Albert  Edward  Planta.  For  many  years  he  has  been  ranked 
among  the  foremost  business  men  of  the  town,  the  interests  of  which  he  has  most 
ably  served  by  his  efficient  discharge  of  various  official  duties,  ranking  from  a 
member  of  the  school  board  to  that  of  mayor.  He  is  a  native  of  South  Australia, 
his  birth  having  occurred  at  Adelaide  on  the  nth  of  September,  1868,  and  his 
parents  being  Joseph  Phrys  and  Margaret  (Stacy)  Planta.  The  father  came  to 
British  Columbia  in  1870,  locating  in  New  Westminster,  where  he  engaged  in 
teaching  school.  Among  his  pupils  were  many  who  have  since  figured  promi- 
nently in  the  public  and  official  life  of  British  Columbia,  including  such  men  as 
the  Honorable  Sir  Richard  McBride,  premier,  and  Judge  Mclnnis.  Later  he  was 
appointed  to  the  faculty  of  the  collegiate  school  at  Victoria,  where  he  remained 
for  several  years,  removing  from  there  to  Nanaimo.  Here  he  became  associated 
with  the  Vancouver  Coal  Company,  being  identified  with  this  enterprise  until 
appointed  to  the  office  of  stipendiary  magistrate,  in  which  capacity  he  served  until 
his  death,  in  1904.  The  mother  is  also  deceased,  her  demise  having  occurred  in 
1906. 

Albert  Edward  Planta,  who  with  his  mother  and  other  members  of  the 
family  moved  to  British  Columbia  in  1879,  was  eleven  years  of  age  when  brought 
to  the  province  and  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Nanaimo. 
Having  early  decided  upon  a  commercial  career,  he  terminated  his  student  days 
at  the  age  of  fifteen  and  obtained  a  position  in  a  drug  store.  At  the  expiration 
of  an  apprenticeship  of  two  years,  he  entered  the  employ  of  Dr.  Cluness,  the 
colliery  surgeon  of  Nanaimo.  He  entered  upon  the  duties  of  the  latter  posi- 
tion some  three  years  prior  to  the  doctor's  death,  following  which  he  identified 
himself  with  insurance  and  real-estate  interests  of  the  city.  This  proved  to  be 
a  very  profitable  venture  and  he  became  the  head  of  a  large  and  thriving  business 
which  he  successfully  conducted  until  1911,  when  he  sold  his  interests  to  the 
Dominion  Trust  Company,  of  which  he  is  manager.  He  has  been  entrusted  with 
the  handling  of  extensive  property  interests  and  has  negotiated  many  of  the  most 
important  transfers  effected  of  recent  years.  His  long  connection  with  the  busi- 
ness has  made  him  not  only  thoroughly  familiar  with  local  realty  interests  and 
property  values  but  he  is  widely  informed  on  northwestern  lands  generally,  his 
opinion  in  this  particular  field  being  regarded  as  that  of  an  authority. 

On  the  3d  of  June,  1890,  Mr.  Planta  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Amy 
Gordon,  a  daughter  of  the  late  Hon.  D.  W.  Gordon,  M.  P.,  and  Emma  (Webb) 
Gordon.  Of  this  marriage  have  been  born  four  children:  Edward  S.  L.,  a  civil 
engineer  in  the  survey  corps  of  the  Western  Fuel  Company;  and  Clive  M., 
Albert  Murray  and  Robin,  all  yet  at  home. 

The  family  hold  membership  in  the  Church  of  England,  and  fraternally  Mr. 
Planta  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fel- 
lows and  the  Foresters.  Politically  he  is  a  conservative  and  takes  an  active 
interest  in  all  public  affairs,  particularly  those  of  a  local  nature.  He  first  became 


ALBERT  E.  PLANTA 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  307 

dentified  with  public  life  in  1894,  when  he  was  elected  to  the  office  of  alderman, 

n  which  capacity  he  served  for  eight  years.    During  that  time  he  took  an  active 

interest  in  the  water  system,  then  in  course  of  construction,  and  enthusiastically 

<  ooperated  in  forwarding  various  other  progressive  movements.    At  the  expiration 
of  his  period  of  office  he  was  elected  mayor,  and  during  the  six  years  of  his 
incumbency  the  present  sewerage  system   was   installed.     The  more   important 

treets  of  the  city  were  paved  at  that  time,  cement  sidewalks  were  laid,  and  many 
minor  improvements  inaugurated,  which  not  only  enhanced  the  appearance  of  the 
c  ity,  but  greatly  augmented  property  values.  At  the  present  time  he  is  chairman 
of  the  school  board,  on  which  he  has  served  for  many  years,  giving  the  same  effi- 

<  ient  and  capable  service  here  as  has  characterized  him  in  the  discharge  of  his 
Carious  other  official  duties.     His  reputation  has  spread  beyond  his  immediate 
vicinity  and  he  has  been  called  to  offices  of  more  than  local  importance,  having 
served  in  1910  as  president  of  the  Association  of  Trustees  of  the  Schools  of  British 
Columbia,  and  for  two  years  was  president  of  the  Union  of  Municipalities  of 
]  British  Columbia.     In  addition  to  his  other  services  he  has  for  years  been  dis- 
charging the  duties  of  justice  of  the  peace  and  he  is  also  a  notary  public.     Mr. 
Planta  stands  high  in  the  esteem  of  his  fellow  citizens,  both  as  a  business  man  and 
1  ublic  official,  possessing  those  qualities  which  win  him  the  confidence  of  those 
with  whom>  he  has  dealings  and  he  so  meets  his  responsibilities  and  discharges 
1  is  obligations  as  to  retain  the  respect  of  all  honorable  and  upright  men. 


JAMES  CRAIG. 

Since  December,  1910,  James  Craig  has  efficiently  filled  the  position  of  city 
I  lumbing  inspector  of  New  Westminster,  performing  important  duties  in  that 
connection.  Yet  a  young  man,  he  has  taken  the  right  steps  in  the  direction  of 
P access  and  stands  on  the  threshold  of  a  career  that  promises  well  for  the  future. 
I'.orn  in  Winnipeg,  Manitoba,  May  21,  1884,  he  is  a  son  of  George  and  Jessie 
(Wilson)  Craig,  natives  of  Aberdeen,  Scotland.  Roth  came  in  their  youth  to 
( anada  from  their  native  country,  locating  in  Winnipeg,  Manitoba,  where  they 
were  married  in  1883.  In  1885  they  removed  to  the  province  of  Saskatchewan, 
where  the  father  homesteaded  a  piece  of  land,  but  two  years  later,  in  1887,  he 
made  another  step  westward,  going  to  Vancouver,  where  he  engaged  in  con- 
tracting. On  account  of  asthmatic  troubles,  however,  he  had  to  seek  a  change 
of  climate  and  in  1892  returned  to  Scotland,  where  he  has  since  resided.  He  is 
n>w  holding  the  position  of  overseer  of  the  Ellis  estate,  in  the  Scottish  highlands. 

James  Craig  was  reared  at  home,  enjoying  the  educational  advantages  of  the 
\  ancouver  public  schools,  and  subsequently  attended  Peter  Head  Academy  in 
Scotland  for  a  short  time.  Following  the  completion  of  his  studies  he  was  em- 
p  oyed  in  a  clerical  capacity  in  a  dry-goods  store,  this  position  being  followed  by 
one  in  a  grocery  establishment.  In  1898  he  apprenticed  himself  to  the  plumbing 
trade,  serving  thus  for  six  years  and  nine  months.  He  received  four  cents 
less  than  a  dollar  a  week  for  the  first  year  of  his  service  and  a  twenty-four  cent 
n  ise  per  week  each  year  following,  of  his  apprenticeship.  In  the  spring  of  1905 
ft'.r.  Craig  returned  to  Canada,  being  for  six  or  seven  months  employed  in  Mon- 
treal, but  in  December  of  the  same  year  came  west  to  British  Columbia,  locating 
ai;ain  in  Vancouver.  A  few  months  later,  however,  the  firm  with  which  he  was 
connected  transferred  him  to  New  Westminster,  which  he  has  since  made  his- 
home.  In  the  intervening  years  he  served  as  government  plumber  for  two  years 
and  four  months  and  for  one  year  following  this  service  was  engaged  in  busi- 
ness for  himself.  His  thorough  apprenticeship  and  subsequent  wide  experience 
wall  fitted  him  for  the  position  of  plumbing  inspector  of  New  Westminster,  to 
wiich  office  he  was  appointed  in  December,  1910,  and  in  which  position  he  is 
still  serving,  discharging  his  duties  faithfully  and  efficiently.  His  work  in  that 
cc  nnection  is  of  the  utmost  importance  to  the  city  as  the  state  of  health  of  the 


308  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

inhabitants   largely   depends   upon   the   system   which    is   under   his   control   and 
inspection. 

In  1908  Mr.  Craig  married  Miss  Margaret  Isabelle  Dailey,  of  Bangor,  County 
Down,  Ireland,  and  to  this  union  were  born  two  children,  Cecil  Eaton  and  Cecilia 
Victoria.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Craig  are  members  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  in  the 
work  of  which  they  take  an  active  and  helpful  interest.  His  only  fraternal  con- 
nection is  with  King  Solomon  Lodge,  Xo.  17,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  the  Masonic 
order.  An  ambitious  young  man  of  progressive  tendencies,  Mr.  Craig  is  fast 
forging  to  the  front,  being  highly  esteemed  and  respected  by  all  who  know  him 
for  his  faithfulness  in  office,  his  manly  qualities  and  his  pleasant,  warm-hearted 
ways  which  make  for  him  friends  wherever  he  goes.  He  is  a  young  man  with 
an  ambition  and  there  is  no  doubt  that  his  ambition  will  lead  him  to  positions 
which  will  result  in  his  own  financial  independence  and  also  make  him  a  service- 
able factor  in  the  cause  of  general  advancement  and  development. 


GEORGE  ALEXANDER  SUTHERLAND,  M.  D. 

Port  Coquitlam  numbers  among  its  most  distinguished,  able  and  public- 
spirited  citizens  Dr.  George  Alexander  Sutherland,  pioneer  physician  and  sur- 
geon in  the  city  and  for  years  a  great  individual  force  in  the  upbuilding  of  muni- 
cipal institutions  along  professional  and  other  lines.  His  labors  since  his  arrival 
here  have  emboided  and  exemplified  the  highest  ideals  of  public  service  and  dur- 
ing the  years  he  has  made  his  comprehensive  professional  knowledge,  his  ability 
and  his  prominence  factors  in  a  work  of  humanitarianism  which  places  him  in 
the  front  ranks  of  public  benefactors.  He  was  born  in  Oxford  county,  Ontario, 
on  the  2ist  of  June,  1872.  and  is  a  son  of  John  S.  and  Mary  (Cameron)  Suther- 
land, the  former  for  many  years  a  prominent  farmer,  now  living  retired  in  Inger- 
soll.  Ontario. 

Dr.  Sutherland  is  in  all  essential  respects  a  self-made  man,  for  after  acquir- 
ing a  preliminary  education  in  the  collegiate  institute  of  Ingersoll  he  turned  his 
attention  to  teaching,  following  that  occupation  in  his  native  county  for  five  years 
in  order  to  gain  the  money  to  pursue  his  professional  studies.  Having  at  length 
saved  a  sum  sufficient  for  his  expenses,  he  entered  the  University  of  Toronto 
and  was  graduated  in  1899,  with  the  first  silver  medal  and  first-class  honors, 
thus  giving  evidence  even  at  this  early  period  of  preeminence  in  his  chosen  field. 
From  1898  to  1899  he  served  as  house  surgeon  in  the  Toronto  General  Hospital 
and  from  1899  to  1900  was  ship  surgeon  on  the  Pacific  for  the  Canadian  Pacific 
Railroad  Company.  He  afterward  engaged  in  the  general  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession in  his  native  town  until  1911,  when  he  came  to  British  Columbia  and  after 
passing  the  required  examinations  settled  in  Port  Coquitlam  as  the  first  physician 
in  the  city.  His  life  since  that  time  has  been  one  of  continuous  advancement 
and  uninterrupted  service.  His  private  practice  has  grown  and  expanded  con- 
tinuously, for  it  is  well  known  that  he  possesses  a  scientific  and  comprehensive 
knowledge  of  the  underlying  principles  of  medicine,  the  broad  learning,  the  deep 
sympathy  and  the  appreciation  of  the  ultimate  ends  and  purposes  of  life,  neces- 
sary to  succeed  in  this  most  difficult  profession.  He  has  made  his  ability  the 
basis  also  of  constructive  work  in  the  public  service,  as  a  record  of  his  activities 
will  plainly  show.  He  has  done  more  than  any  other  one  man  to  improve  san- 
itary conditions  in  Port  Coquitlam  and  with  their  improvement  to  check  the 
ravages  of  disease  and  prevent  its  recurrence.  He  has  been  instrumental  in 
founding  a  private  hospital  and  in  securing  for  the  city  a  beautiful  site  on  St. 
Mary's  Hill  for  the  city  hospital,  thus  making  possible  here  the  growth  and 
development  of  two  badly  needed  institutions  of  this  character.  At  the  present 
time  he  is  serving  as  health  officer  and  medical  school  inspector  and  is  surgeon 
of  the  construction  work  for  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad,  with  a  contract 
to  serve  nearly  all  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  construction  camps.  His  activities 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  309 

;.long  such  lines  as  these  are  fully  equalled,  if  not  surpassed,  by  the  quiet,  unosten- 
tatious but  effective  work  which  he  has  done  as  a  private  practitioner,  for  he  is 
;.  physician  who  not  only  loves  his  profession  but  is  actuated  at  all  times  by  an 
.-.biding  sense  of  the  responsibilities  which  it  entails  upon  him.  No  weather  is  too 
,'evere,  no  distance  too  great  for  him  to  travel  to  the  bedside  of  a  patient  and  his 

<  onstant  and  willing  sympathy  has  made  him  an  ever  welcome  visitor  to  the 
Mck  and  suffering.      The  men  in  the  construction  camps  around  Port  Coquitlam 
;  re  devoted  to  him,  for  they  have  seen  continued  evidences  of  his  self-sacrificing 
work,  his  care  and  unremitting  energy,  his  devotion  to  the  sick  under  his  charge, 
;.nd  they  regard  him  with  reason  as  the  embodiment  of  all  that  is  highest  and 
l*st  in  the  physician's  calling. 

Dr.  Sutherland  married  on  the  26th  of  July,  1906,  Miss  Jeanette  Munro,  a 
daughter  of  Colonel  James  and  Agnes  Munro,  the  former  a  private  banker 
;.nd  a  well  known  army  officer.  He  was  the  organizer  of  the  Twenty-second 
Oxford  Rifles  and  saw  service  in  the  Trent  affair.  He  was  also  a  member  of 
(he  contingent  from  Canada,  as  paymaster,  at  the  queen's  jubilee.  Dr.  and  Mrs. 
Sutherland  have  one  son,  Bruce  .Munro,  named  in  honor  of  Herbert  A.  Bruce, 

<  ne  of  the  foremost  surgeons  in  the  city  of  Toronto  and  an  intimate  personal 
mend   of   the   subject   of   this   review.       Dr.    Sutherland    is   a   member   of    the 
Presbyterian  church  and  is  connected  fraternally  with  the  Masonic  order  and  the 
Independent  Order  of  Foresters.      He  takes  great  delight  in  all  kinds  of  outdoor 
sports  and  is  especially  fond  of  motoring,  in  which  he  spends  a  great  many  of 
1  is  leisure  hours.      He  was  one  of  the  first  physicians  in  Port  Coquitlam  and 
ij  today  one  of  the  most  honored  and  respected  ones,  his  many  years  of  earnest 
and  capable  work  having  gained   for  him  the  respect  and  high   regard  of   his 
trethren  of  the  medical  fraternity  and  the  confidence  and  good-will  of  all  who 
come  in  contact  with  him. 


STANLEY  E.  EDWARDS. 

In  the  short  period  of  about  three  years  Stanley  E.  Edwards  has  become 
one  of  the  leading  jewelers  of  New  Westminster.  British  Columbia,  establishing 
himself  independently  in  September,  1910,  in  this  city.  He  was  born  in  County 
Haldimand,  Ontario,  on  March  18,  1879,  ar>d  is  a  son  of  Edward  and  Maria 
(Harris)  Edwards,  the  former  a  native  of  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  whose  parents 
cime  from  Wales  to  that  province.  The  mother  was  born  in  Ontario  and  her 
pirents  were  natives  of  Wales.  The  father  in  early  life  engaged  as  contractor 
f  )r  a  number  of  years  but  later  became  connected  with  agricultural  pursuits. 
I  oth  he  and  his  wife  are  still  living,  the  former  at  the  age  of  eighty-two  and  the 
1;  tter  having  passed  the  seventy-sixth  birthday.  They  are  parents  of  eight 
c  lildren  and  there  has  never  been  a  death  in  the  family. 

Stanley  E.  Edwards  was  reared  on  the  home  farm  and  educated  in  the  country 
schools  and  at  the  Caledonia  high  school,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1897.  The 
s  )irit  of  the  west  then  took  possession  of  him  and  he  shortly  afterward  removed 
to  Minnesota,  locating  in  Crookston,  where  he  served  an  apprenticeship  at  the 
jeweler's  trade.  In  1900  he  moved  northward  to  Winnipeg,  Manitoba,  where 
he  worked  as  a  journeyman  jeweler  for  several  years,  being  most  of  that  time 
e  nployed  by  the  house  of  Henry  Birk  &  Sons.  In  October,  1906,  Air.  Edwards 
cime  to  British  Columbia,  locating  in  Victoria,  where  he  worked  at  his  trade, 
aid  in  March,  1909,  came  to  New  Westminster,  accepting  a  position  with  W.  C. 
Chamberlain,  with  whom  he  remained  for  about  eighteen  months.  At  the  end 
of  that  period,  in  September,  1910,  he  established  his  present  business,  which 
under  his  able  management  has  become  one  of  the  important  concerns  of  its 
kind  in  New  Westminster.  Thoroughly  experienced  in  his  line,  Mr.  Edwards 
gives  his  personal  attention  to  all  work  entrusted  to  his  care  and  has  built  up  a 


310  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

reputation  for  reliability  which  assures  his  customers  of  the  fairest  treatment 
obtainable. 

In  March,  1908,  Mr.  Edwards  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Jennie  Little- 
wood,  of  Victoria,  and  to  them  have  been  born  two  children,  Gwynneth  Audrey 
Mabel  and  Elsworth.  In  his  political  affiliations  Mr.  Edwards  gives  his  support 
to  the  conservative  party  and  fraternally  he  is  affiliated  with  Westminster  Lodge, 
No.  842,  Loyal  Order  of  Moose,  and  the  Canadian  Order  of  Foresters.  Both 
he  and  his  wife  are  devout  members  of  the  Church  of  England.  A  man  of 
enterprise  and  action,  Mr.  Edwards  contributes  by  his  activities  to  general  com- 
mercial expansion  and  beside  attaining  individual  prosperity  has  become  an 
important  factor  in  the  growth  of  his  city.  He  takes  a  deep  interest  in  all  that 
affects  the.  public  and  is  ever  ready  to  bear  his  share  of  time  and  money  in  the 
promotion  of  public  enterprises. 


GEORGE   LAW  SON    MILNE,   M.    D.,   C.    M. 

An  exact  and  comprehensive  knowledge  of  the  underlying  principles  of  medi- 
cine, a  broad  humanitarianism,  a  sense  of  personal  responsibility,  and  a  keen 
realization  of  the  value  of  life  and  its  ultimate  purposes  make  Dr.  George  Lawson 
Milne,  of  Victoria,  a  very  able  and  successful  physician.  He  has  practiced  in 
the  city  since  1880  and  during  the  intervening  years  has  become  not  only  a  leader 
in  his  profession  but  a  power  in  politics  as  well,  his  interests  extending  to  many 
fields  of  public  service.  He  has  been  a  member  of  the  provincial  legislature  and 
is  at  present  Dominion  medical  officer,  immigration  agent  and  controller  of  Chinese 
immigration,  his  work  in  this  office  being  recognized  as  unusually  valuable  and 
able.  He  was  born  in  Garmouth,  Scotland,  April  19,  1850,  and  is  a  son  of  Alex- 
ander and  Isabella  (Ingils)  Milne,  natives  of  Scotland,  the  father  having  been 
for  man)  years  a  merchant  in  Garmouth.  In  1857  he  came  with  his  family  to 
Canada  and  settled  in  Meaford,  Ontario,  where  he  followed  the  general  mer- 
chandise business  until  his  death,  which  occurred  in  1894,  when  he  was  eighty- 
one  years  of  age.  His  parents  were  also  natives  of  Scotland,  his  father  following 
the  sea  as  captain  of  a  ship  and  meeting  death  by  drowning  while  in  command 
of  his  vessel.  The  maternal  grandparents  of  the  subject  of  this  review  were 
born  in  Scotland  and  the  grandfather  was  a  farmer  and  landowner. 

Dr.  George  Lawson  Milne  came  with  his  parents  to  Canada  in  1857,  being 
at  that  time  seven  years  of  age.  He  acquired  his  early  education  in  the  public 
schools  of  Meaford,  Ontario,  and  later  entered  the  medical  department  of  Toronto 
University.  He  received  his  degree  of  M.  D.,  C.  M.,  in  1880  from  Victoria  Uni- 
versity, and  in  1890  Toronto  University  also  conferred  upon  him  the  medical 
degree  of  Doctor.  In  1880  Dr.  Milne  began  to  practice  his  profession  in  Victoria, 
British  Columbia,  and  here  he  has  continuously  resided  since  that  time,  for  many 
years  tending  to  one  of  the  largest  practices  in  the  city.  He  has  since  given  up 
private  business  entirely  and  now  devotes  his  whole  time  to  official  duties  as 
Dominion  medical  officer,  immigration  agent  and  controller  of  Chinese  immigra- 
tion. He  keeps  in  touch  with  the  most  advanced  medical  thought  and  science, 
remaining  a  close  and  earnest  student  of  his  profession,  and  his  knowledge  has 
been  continually  developed  through  experience,  investigation  and  research. 

Dr.  Milne  has  held  many  responsible  .public  offices  along  the  line  of  his  pro- 
fession, serving  from  1884  to  1890  as  health  officer  of  Victoria.  From  1886  to 
1897  he  was  registrar  and  secretary  of  the  medical  council  and  a  member  of  the 
examining  board,  and  in  1906  he  was  appointed  Dominion  government  inspector 
and  immigration  agent  at  Victoria,  serving  six  years.  At  the  end  of  that  time 
he  \vas  made  immigration  agent  and  controller  of  Chinese  at  this  point,  and  these 
positions  he  still  holds,  discharging  his  duties  in  a  far-sighted,  capable  and  pro- 
gressive way.  Aside  from  his  profession  Dr.  Milne  is  well  known  in  general  public 
life,  for  his  citizenship  is  of  that  high  order  which  finds  it  best  exemplification 


DR.  GEORGE  L.  MILNE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  313 

in  public  service.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Victoria  public  school  board  from  1887 
to  1890,  and  from  1890  to  1894  served  as  a  member  of  the  British  Columbia  legis- 
lature, his  influence  during  that  time  being  always  on  the  side  of  right,  reform 
and  progress.  He  was  an  unsuccessful  candidate  for  a  seat  in  the  Dominion 
house  of  commons  in  1896.  He  has  important  business  connections,  being  presi- 
dent of  the  West  Coast  Fishing  Company  and  honorary  president  of  the  Ramsay 
Manufacturing  Company  of  Vancouver. 

On  the  6th  of  December,  1882,  Dr.  Milne  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Ellen 
Catharine  Kinsman,  a  daughter  of  the  late  John  Kinsman,  alderman  of  Victoria 
for  many  years,  and  Christina  (Hunter)  Kinsman.  The  father  was  a  native 
of  England  and  when  he  was  a  young  man  came  to  Canada,  locating  first  in 
Ontario  and  afterward  moving  to  Victoria,  where  he  engaged  in  the  contracting 
business  until  his  death,  which  occurred  October  24,  1906.  His  wife,  who  is  a 
native  of  Ontario,  survives  him  and  makes  her  home  in  Victoria.  The  Milne 
residence,  at  No.  618  Dallas  road,  known  as  "Pinehurst,"  is  one  of  the  most  beau- 
tiful homes  in  Victoria.  It  is  set  in  the  midst  of  over  two  acres  of  land,  beautified 
with  artistic  gardens,  and  it  overlooks  the  sea  and  the  Olympic  mountains  in  the 
distance.  Dr.  Milne  has  also  an  attractive  summer  residence  at  Becher  bay,  known 
as  "Speyside."  Here  he  has  all  the  facilities  to  enable  him  to  enjoy  life  in  the 
open,  in  which  he  takes  such  great  delight.  Launches  and  boats  of  all  kinds  are 
always  at  hand,  as  well  as  a  great  variety  of  fishing  and  hunting  equipment.  Both 
Dr.  and  Mrs.  Milne  are  very  fond  of  outdoor  life  and  spend  many  of  their  leisure 
hours  in  the  open.  They  are  well  known  in  social  circles  and  Mrs.  Milne  is  a 
member  of  the  Alexandra  Club.  Dr.  Milne  served  from  1878  to  1880  in  the 
Queens'  Own  Rifles  of  Toronto  and  is  a  member  of  the  Morayshire  Club,  of 
London,  England.  He  belongs  also  to  the  Pacific  Club  of  Vict'oria  and  along 
professional  lines  is  identified  with  the  British  Columbia  Medical  Association 
and  the  Victoria  Medical  Society,  his  ability  being  widely  recognized  in  medical 
circles.  Dr.  Milne  is  very  prominent  in  Masonry,  being  a  member  of  Victoria- 
Columbia  Lodge,  No.  i,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.;  Scotland  Lodge,  No.  120,  R.  A.  M., 
while  he  is  also  a  Knight  Templar  and  member  of  Gizeh  Temple  of  the  Mystic 
Shrine.  He  is  deputy  district  grand  master  for  district  No.  i,  British  Columbia. 
He  is  a  Presbyterian  and  a  member  of  St.  Andrews  church  of  Victoria.  His 
political  indorsement  is  given  to  the  liberal  party.  Those  who  know  him  personally 
find  him  an  affable  and  courteous  gentleman,  well  informed,  broad-minded  and 
well  worthy  of  the  position  which  he  holds  in  the  official  and  professional  world 
of  the  province  and  in  the  regard  of  the  general  public. 


JOHN  SMITH. 

John  Smith,  who  is  filling  the  position  of  city  clerk  at  Port  Coquitlam,  was 
the  first  and  has  been  the  only  incumbent  in  the  office.  In  May,  1859,  at  Crown- 
thorpe,  Norfolk,  England,  his  birth  occurred,  his  parents  being  John  and  Mary 
Smith.  His  father  was  a  farmer  under  the  late  earl  of  Kimberly  and  both  parents 
are  now  deceased.  The  son  had  a  grammar-school  and  college  education  and  after 
leaving  school  took  up  the  study  of  chemistry  and  became  a  qualified  English 
chemist.  He  was  thus  engaged  until  thirty-three  years  of  age,  when  he  decided 
to  leave  his  native  land  and  seek  a  home  in  the  new  world.  He  sailed  from 
England  for  Canada,  and  making  his  way  to  British  Columbia  settled  at  Port 
Coquitlam  in  1892.  This  district  was  then  largely  undeveloped  end  he  began 
farming,  which  he  followed  continuously  and  successfully  for  fifteen  years.  He 
homesteaded  a  tract  of  land  north  of  Port  Coquitlam  and  sold  it  for  eight  dollars 
per  acre — property  that  is  now  worth  four  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  per  acre. 

In  April,  1887,  Mr.  Smith  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Frances  Rose 
Middleton,  of  Fakenham,  Norfolk,  a  daughter  of  Francis  B.  Middleton,  who  for 


314  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

forty-nine  years  was  cashier,  in  the  Gurney  Bank.  Both  he  and  his  wife  are 
now  deceased.  Unto  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Smith  have  been  born  a  son  and  two 
daughters,  Douglas  John,  Lucy  M.  and  Olga  M. 

Called  to  public  office,  Mr.  Smith  has  proved  capable,  efficient  and  faithful 
in  the  various  positions  which  he  has  filled.  In  1897  he  was  councillor,  which 
position  he  filled  until  1898  and  then  resigned  in  order  to  go  to  the  Yukon.  In 
1899  he  returned  and  was  appointed  clerk  of  the  municipality.  When  the  city 
was  incorporated  he  became  the  first  city  clerk,  and  he  was  police  magistrate 
for  three  years,  was  justice  of  the  peace  for  nine  years  and  license  commissioner 
for  nine  years.  The  record  which  he  has  made  is  a  commendable  one  because 
of  his  capability,  his  efficiency  and  his  trustworthiness. 

Mr.  Smith  belongs  to  the  Church  of  England.  In  politics  he  is  a  conserv- 
ative and  always  keeps  well  informed  concerning  the  questions  and  issues  of  the 
day.  He  is  fond  of  hunting  and  indulging  therein  finds  his  chief  source  of  recre- 
ation. He  has  witnessed  many  changes  during  his  residence  in  the  northwest 
as  the  district  has  become  more  thickly  settled  and  the  work  of  improvement 
and  progress  has  been  carried  forward. 


SID\7EY  J.    PEARCE. 

New  Westminster  has  been  singularly  fortunate  in  having  able  and  sterling 
men  as  its  public  servants,  and  Sidney  J.  Pearce,  the  oldest  city  employe  on  the 
coast,  who  has  continuously  served  for  twenty-eight  years  in  the  interest  of  his 
community,  is  no  exception  to  the  rule  but  on  the  contrary  has  increased  the 
prestige  of  officialdom  by  his  faithful  service  and  honest  devotion  to  the  public 
cause.  As  chief  sanitary  inspector  and  license  inspector  of  New  Westminster 
he  does  service  which  has  an  important  and  far-reaching  influence  upon  the  wel- 
fare of  the  community  and  discharges  his  duties  in  such  a  manner  as  to  be 
worthy  of  the  highest  commendation.  He  was  born  in  Somersetshire,  England, 
on  December  i  1848,  his  parents  being  Isaac  and  Keziah  (Smith)  Pearce,  both 
natives  of  Bath,  Somersetshire.  They  lived  and  died  in  that  region,  where  the 
father  during  his  active  life  held  the  commission  of  high  constable. 

Sidney  J.  Pearce  was  reared  at  home  and  attended  the  national  school  at 
Weston-super-Mare  until  his  fifteenth  year,  when  in  1863  he  came  to  Canada 
to  enjoy  the  greater  opportunities  offered  by  a  new  country,  yet  in  the  state 
of  development.  Upon  reaching  America  he  landed  in  Portland,  Maine,  mak- 
ing the  sea  journey  on  board  the  vessel  Xova  Scotia,  the  trip  consuming  eigh- 
teen days.  From  Portland  he  removed  to  Richmond,  Quebec,  where  he  made 
his  first  settlement,  there  spending  a  period  of  about  three  or  four  years,  engag- 
ing in  farm  work.  He  subsequently  entered  the  service  of  the  Grand  Trunk 
Railway,  continuing  in  that  connection  for  fifteen  years,  working  as  fireman  and 
engineer,  and  then  allied  himself  with  the  interests  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  (dur- 
ing the  construction  days  of  that  road)  as  engineer  and  was  engaged  in  that 
capacity  in  the  construction  of  the  road  between  Sudbury  and  Fort  William.  He 
remained  with  the  Canadian  Pacific  until  after  the  completion  of  this  line  and 
it  was  he  who  after  the  rebellion  hauled  the  train  which  brought  back  from  the 
northwest  the  soldiers,  a  number  of  the  stations  between  Port  Arthur  and  Bis- 
cotasing  being  named  after  the  officers  of  the  regiment.  In  1884  Mr.  Pearce 
severed  his  connections  with  the  road  in  order  to  move  to  a  place  where  better 
advantages  alpng  educational  lines  could  be  secured  for  his  children  and,  leav- 
ing Chapleau,  where  he  was  then  located,  came  with  his  family  to  New  West- 
minster. After  his  arrival  here  he  was  appointed  on  July  i,  1885,  to  the  city 
police  force  and  two  years  later,  on  account  of  ability,  raised  to  the  rank  of 
chief  of  police,  in  which  capacity  he  served  until  1891.  During  these  years  ho 
also  held  the  offices  of  chief  sanitary  inspector  and  license  inspector,  but  in  1891 
the  growth  of  the  city  made  it  imperative  that  the  positions  should  be  divided 


SIDNEY    .T.    PEAKCE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  :n? 

and  in  order  to  bring  this  about  he  resigned  his  position  as  police  chief  and 
gave  his  entire  attention  to  his  two  other  offices.  He  has  held  these  continuously 
for  over  a  quarter  of  a  century,  becoming  sanitary  and  license  inspector  in  1887, 
and  is  now  for  twenty-eight  years  connected  with  the  city  service,  being  one  of 
the  oldest  city  employes  on  the  Canadian  coast.  He  is  always  moved  by  the 
highest  sense  of  duty  and  in  the  many  years  in  which  he  has  held  office  there 
has  hardly  ever  been  raised  a  complaint  against  him. 

On  November  6,  1877,  Mr.  Pearce  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Ida  Mary 
Lee,  of  Richmond,  Quebec,  and  to  this  union  were  born  five  children:  Annie 
Maud,  the  wife  of  W.  H.  Clarke,  a  real-estate  man  of  Vancouver;  Sidney  Arthur. 
foreman  of  the  Columbia  Cold  Storage  Company  of  \Tew  Westminster ;  Charles 
Isaac,  of  New  Westminster;  George  Herbert,  also  of  this  <^ty ;  and  Howard 
Stanley,  who  attends  school.  Both  Charles  and  Herbert  operate  automobiles 
commercially. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pearce  and  their  family  are  members  of  the  Church  of  England. 
taking  a  helpful  interest  in  that  organization.  Politically  he  gives  his  support 
to  the  conservative  party  and  fraternally  is  connected  with  the  Masons,  being  a 
life  member  of  St.  Francis  Lodge,  No.  15,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  Quebec.  He  also 
holds  membership  in  Royal  City  Lodge,  No.  3,  I.  O.  O.  F.,  and  in  the  Royal 
Templars  of  Temperance.  A  man  of  sterling  qualities  of  mind  and'  character, 
lie  enjoys  the  confidence  and  high  regard  of  all  who  know  him  and  has  become 
recognized  as  a  forceful  element  in  his  community.  For  many  years  part  of  the 
mblic  service  has  safely  rested  in  his  hands  and  it  may  be  said  that  there  is 
lardly  a  man  more  ably  qualified  to  fill  the  positions  to  which  Mr.  Pearce  now 
.jives  his  attention  with  such  good  results. 


EDGAR  GEORGE  BAYNES 

Ranking  with  the  foremost  contractors  and  builders  of  Vancouver,  British 
Columbia,  and  being  identified  with  other  important  interests  of  the  city,  Edgar 
George  Baynes  has  done  much  toward  promoting  growth  and  expansion  and  has 
>een  connected  with  the  erection  of  some  of  the  most  pretentious  structures  in 
•he  city.  His  life  work  has  not  only  resulted  in  his  own  prosperity  but  has 
i>een  of  general  benefit  and  he  has  ever  directed  his  affairs  in  such  a  manner  as 
10  invite  the  closest  scrutiny,  his  actions  being  above  the  slighest  reproach.  Born 
m  Bocking,  Essex,  England,  on  September  13.  1870,  Mr.  Baynes  is  a  son  of  _ 
George  and  Harriett  Amelia  (Staines)  Baynes,  both  natives  of  Essex.  The 
•ather  follows  agricultural  pursuits  in  that  county,  and  both  he  and  his  wife 
have  lived  for  over  twenty  years  at  Broxted  Hall,  Dunmow,  Essex.  The  family 
on  both  sides  have  made  their  home  in  Essex  for  many  generations. 

Edgar  G.  Baynes  attended  the  Braintree  school  of  Essex  in  the  acquirement 
<  >f  his  education,  early  leaving  school  in  order  to  enter  the  office  of  his  uncle,  who 
was  a  member  of  the  firm  of  J.  &  A.  Franklin,  -contractors  and  builders,  with 
whom  he  learned  the  trade,  in  the  spring  of  1889  Mr.  Baynes  came  to  Van- 
couver with  his  uncle.  ].  L.  Franklin.  They  engaged  together  in  contracting 
work  for  a  couple  of  years  and  then  our  subject  took  up  a  ranch  in  Squamish 
valley,  where  he  lived  for  two  winters.  Returning  to  Vancouver,  he  has  since 
made  his  home  here.  About  this  time  he  became  associated  with  William 
-McLeod  Horie  and  they  soon  thereafter  formed  a  partnership,  which  has  now 
ixisted  for  more  than  twenty  years.  Their  work  has  been  largely  for  the 
municipality  and  they  also  have  erected  a  number  of  important  business  blocks, 
"hey  built  the  present  home  of  the  Vancouver  office  of  the  British  Columbia 
"elephone  Company,  which  was  the  first  fireproof  structure  erected  in  Van- 
i  ouver.  They  also  erected  the  Davis  Chambers,  the,  D.  A.  Smith  building  and 
numerous  other  edifices  which  mark  the  early  growth  of  the  city.  In  recent 
}ears  they  have  built  no  less  than  ten  of  Vancouver's  public  schools  and  during 


318  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

the  past  few  years  have  made  a  specialty  of  warehouse  buildings,  having  erected 
many  of  the  largest  and  most  costly  structures  of  this  kind  in  Vancouver  and 
the  vicinity.  Mr.  Baynes  is  now  building  on  his  own  account  a  modern  and 
up-to-date  private  hotel  on  Howe  street,  near  Robson.  He  is  president  of  the 
Port  Haney  Brick  Company,  Limited,  which  was  organized  in  1907  and  now  is 
housed  in  a  large  plant  at  Port  Haney.  This  firm  are  the  only  manufacturers 
of  partition  blocks  in  the  province  and  make  and  supply  by  far  the  greater  part  of 
all  field  tile  used  in  and  around  Vancouver.  Mr.  Baynes  is  also  vice  president 
of  the  British  Pacific  Trust  Company,  which  he  assisted  in  founding  in  1909. 
This  corporation  conducts  a  general  loan  and  trust  business.  In  association 
with  his  cousin,  Harry  Franklin,  he  owns  very  valuable  centrally  located  busi- 
ness property.  He  is  also  a  stockholder  in  the  Western  Plate  Glass  Company, 
Limited. 

In  Vancouver,  on  the  I5th  of  April,  1899,  Mr.  Baynes  married  Miss  Mar- 
garet Anderson  McAlpine,  a  native  of  Ontario,  and  they  have  four  children, 
Doris  Lillian,  Jean  Hetty,  George  Edgar  and  Margaret  Anderson. 

Mr.  Baynes  is  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Trade  and  in  that  connection  exerts 
his  best  eft'orts  toward  growth  and  expansion.  In  1909  and  1910  he  was  president 
of  the  Vancouver  Builders'  Exchange — a  fact  which  indicates  the  high  position 
which  is  readily  conceded  by  men  occupied  in  the  same  line  of  business.  He 
is  a  member  of  Holy  Trinity  church  and  serves  on  its  executive  board.  His  mili- 
tary experience  includes  service  in  the  Second  Regiment  of  the  Essex  Rifle 
Brigade,  which  he  joined  while  in  England  and  in  which  he  served  until  he 
came  to  Vancouver,  where  he  enlisted  in  the  first  company  of  volunteers  which 
was  formed  here.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Sons  of  England  and  of  the  Terminal 
City,  Progress  and  Canadian  Clubs  and  a  member  of  the  executive  board  of  the 
Vancouver  Automobile  Club,  which  office  he  has  held  since  the  inception  of  this 
organization  in  1910.  The  citizenship  of  Edgar  George  Baynes  is  truly  public- 
spirited  and  aggressive,  and  while  he  has  attained  to  a  position  of  distinction  and 
financial  independence,  he  has  done  as  valuable  service  for  the  general  good. 
This  is  readily  recognized  on  every  hand  and  he  therefore  enjoys  the  high  regard 
and  esteem  of  the  general  public. 


W.   DENHAM    VERSCHOYLE. 

W.  Denham  Verschoyle,  a  Vancouver  capitalist  whose  advancement  to  his 
present  prominent  position  in  business  circles  has  been  the  direct  result  of  the 
wise  use  of  time,  talent  and  opportunities,  was  born  in  County  Sligo,  Ireland, 
August  7,  1869,  his  parents  being  Richard  John  and  Mary  Verschoyle,  the  former 
a  land  owner  of  Ireland. 

In  private  schools  of  England,  W.  Denham  Verschoyle  pursued  his  educatior 
and  attended  Kingsley  College  in  north  Devonshire.  On  putting  aside  his  text-booh 
in  1886  he  went  to  Australia  and  afterward  to  New  Zealand  where  he  practiced 
his  profession  of  mining  engineer  until  1891.  In  that  year  he  went  to  South 
America  where  he  remained  for  a  short  time  and  about  1892  arrived  in  British 
Columbia.  For  several  years  he  continued  his  professional  labors  here,  employed 
as  a  consulting  engineer,  and  in  1895  he  went  to  China  where  he  was  general 
manager  of  the  Wei-,Hai-Wei  Gold  Mining  Company  for  a  number  of  years. 
He  then  resigned  his  position  and  returned  to  England  where  he  engaged  in 
scientific  work  in  the  field  of  chemistry  and  general  physics  until  1910,  when  he 
came  to  Vancouver.  His  interests  and  his  activities  have  been  of  constantly 
growing  value  and  importance  and  he  now  has  large  holdings  in  British  Columbia 
realty  and  is  connected  with  various  important  corporations,  being  president  of 
the  Pacific  &  Hudson's  Bay  Railroad  and  general  manager  of  the  Port  of  Bella 
Coola,  Ltd.,  a  company  which  was  organized  for  the  purpose  of  developing  the 
port  at  that  place. 


W.  DEXHAM  VERSCHOYLE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  321 

On  the  27th  of  September,  1910,  in  Sligo,  Ireland,  Mr.  Verschoyle  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  lole,  a  daughter  of  Dr.  Hercules  and  Fannie  MacDonnell, 
of  Dundalk,  Ireland.  Her  father  was  connected  with  the  Dundalk  Hospital  and 
in  addition  had  a  large  and  lucrative  private  practice.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Verschoyle 
have  one  son,  Derek.  Mr.  Verschoyle  is  not  interested  in  politics  except  in  the 
very  broadest  manner,  having  always  preferred  to  concentrate  his  energies  upon 
the  business  interests  and  duties  which  have  claimed  his  time  and  attention.  At 
.any  one  point  in  his  career  he  seems  to  have  reached  the  possibility  for  successful 
accomplishment  at  that  point.  Upon  the  basis  of  scientific  knowledge  and  broad 
practical  experience  he  has  builded  his  success,  becoming  an  acknowledged  author- 
ity upon  many  professional  problems  and  gradually  advancing  until  he  ranks  with 
Vancouver's  capitalists.  His  position  in  professional  circles  is  indicated  by  the 
fact  that  he  is  fellow  of  the  Chemical  Society  of  London,  a  fellow  of  the  Royal 
Geographical  Society,  a  member  of  the  Institute  of  Mining  Engineers  and  a 
member  of  the  American  Institute  of  Mining  Engineers. 


HUGH  WILSON  GIFFORD. 

Among  the  well  known  young  men  of  New  Westminster  there  is  none  who  is 
more  popular  or  better  liked  than  Hugh  Wilson  Gifford,  a  native  of  this  city, 
where  he  was  born  on  May  29,  1893,  a  son  of  Thomas  and  Annie  (Stoddard) 
Gifford,  the  former  being  extensively  mentioned  in  another  part  of  this  work. 

Hugh  W.  Gifford  was  reared  at  home  and  acquired  his  education  in  the  public 
schools  of  Columbia  College  in  New  Westminster.  In  1907,  after  laying  aside 
his  books,  he  apprenticed  himself  to  the  plumber's  trade,  to  which  occupation  he 
gives  his  time  during  the  winter  months.  He  is  making  fast  and  steady  progress 
along  this  line  and  all  who  know  him  appreciate  his  sterling  characteristics  and 
unite  in  prophesying  a  splendid  future  for  him.  Mr.  Gifford  is  also  deeply 
interested  in  athletics  and  for  the  past  three  years  has  been  a  member  of  the 
Westminster  lacrosse  team  which  has  won  the  world's  championship  for  the 
past  seven  years,  with  the  exception  of  1911,  when  it  was  lost  to  Vancouver. 
Mr.  Gifford  has  always  heartily  participated  in  all  affairs  tending  to  promote  the 
sport  and  is  loyal  to  the  team  and  its  interests. 


WALTER  A.  THURSBY. 

Walter  A.  Thursby,  president  of  the  Coquitlam  Financial  Corporation  and 
an  active  and  successful  dealer  in  real  estate  in  Port  Coquitlam,  was  born  in 
Bristol,  England,  January  18,  1883,  a  son  of  Rev.  John  and  Lilly  (Batchelor) 
Fhursby,  the  former  a  minister  of  the  Church  of  England,  residing  in  Vancouver. 
Walter  A.  Thursby  began  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native 
xmntry  and  continued  it  in  the  United  States,  completing  his  school  days  in  a 
Canadian  high  school.  After  laying  aside  his  books  he  entered  the  employ 
of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad  in  Port  Arthur  and  afterward  was  connected 
with  this  corporation  in  Port  William,  acting  in  its  interests  in  a  clerical  capacity 
for  five  years.  At  the  end  of  that  time  he  entered  the  Canadian  Bank  of  Com- 
merce in  Sault  Ste.  Marie,  Ontario,  and  was  afterward  connected  with  the  same 
institution  in  London,  in  the  same  province,  severing  his  connection  with  it  in 
order  to  go  to  the  Cobalt  district,  where  he  spent  three  years  engaged  in  mining. 
He  was  afterward  for  two  years  in  the  insurance  business  in  Los  Angeles,  Cali- 
fornia, and  at  the  end  of  that  period  came  to  British  Columbia,  settling  in  Port 
Coquitlam  and  turning  his  attention  to  the  real-estate  business,  handling  all  kinds 
if  Port  Coquitlam  and  Vancouver  property.  He  here  organized  the  Coquitlam 
Financial  Corporation,  of  which  he  has  since  been  the  president,  and  his  important 


322  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

interests  are  all  carefully  and  capably  managed,  bringing  him  a  gratifying  degree 
of  success. 

On  the  ist  of  October,  1910,  Mr.  Thursby  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Lizzie  Marie  Townsend,  of  Devvsbury,  England,  by  whom  he  has  two  daughters, 
Barbara  and  Margaret,  twins.  He  belongs  to  the  Church  of  England  and  is  a 
conservative  in  his  political  beliefs,  taking  an  intelligent  interest  in  public  affairs, 
although  he  never  seeks  public  office.  He  belongs  to  the  Coquitlam  Agricultural 
Society  and  to  the  Port  Coquitlam  Board  of  Trade  and  does  everything  in  his 
power  to  advance  the  interests  of  the  community  along  constructive  and  progres- 
sive lines.  He  is  a  devoted  husband  and  father  and  spends  all  of  his  leisure 
hours  with  his  family.  He  is  fond  of  gardening,  as  the  grounds  around  his 
home  bear  evidence,  and  in  manner  is  always  courteous  and  genial.  Although 
still  a  young  man  he  is  a  recognized  business  factor  in  Port  Coquitlam  and  his 
many  friends  do  not  hesitate  to  predict  for  him  continued  progress  in  his  chosen, 
field. 


E.  JAMES  ENTHOVEN. 

To  see  practically  the  outcome  from  the  beginning,  to  recognize  possibili- 
ties and  utilize  them,  to  discriminate  between  the  essential  and  the  non-essen- 
tial and  to  temper  progressiveness  with  a  safe  conservatism — these  are  the 
indispensable  qualities  in  the  financier  who  guards  not  only  his  own  but  also 
the  moneyed  interests  of  others  and,  largely  through  his  activities,  estab- 
lishes and  maintains  the  healthfulness  of  trade.  In  this  connection,  as  a  well1 
known  and  thoroughly  reliable  representative  of  financial  interests,  stands  E. 
James  Enthoven,  who  since  1908  has  been  the  secretary  and  treasurer  and  one 
of  the  directors  of  the  Vancouver  Financial  Corporation,  Ltd. — a  company  hav- 
ing large  connections  in  Scotland  as  well  as  in  British  Columbia. 

Mr.  Enthoven  was  born  at  Arrow  Hall,  Cheshire,  England,  January  3,  1865, 
and  is  a  son  of  John  and  Sophia  (Mozley)  Enthoven,  the  former  of  whom  was 
engaged  in  business  in  Liverpool  for  a  number  of  years,  while  later  he  removed 
to  London,  where  he  conducted  important  mercantile  interests. 

E.  J.  Enthoven  was  educated  at  Harrow,  the  famous  boy's  school,  and 
after  leaving  there  became  a  clerk  for  Lataste,  Aubanel  &  Cie.  at  Paris  in  1882, 
there  remaining  until  1885,  when  ill  health  compelled  him  to  abandon  the  mer- 
cantile career  which  he  had  mapped  out  for  himself.  He  then  returned  to 
England.  The  following  year  he  went  to  Austrailia,  where  for  three  years  he 
"roughed  it"  in  the  bush,  on  a  large  sheep  station.  He  next  went  to  New 
Zealand,  where  for  a  time  he  was  in  charge  of  a  sheep  and  cattle  station.  In 
1890  he  again  went  to  Australia,  settling  at  Melbourne,  where  he  founded  the 
firm  of  Enthoven  &  Mills,  engaging  in  the  mercantile  and  import  business,  thus 
continuing  until  1903,  when  he  again  went  to  England,  where  he  entered  actively 
into  the  business  of  calico  printing  at  Manchester  and  London.  Though  start- 
ing on  a  comparatively  small  scale  and  in  competition  with  old-established  houses 
in  that  line  he  made  a  success ;  but  his  residence  in  Australia,  with  its  broad 
opportunities,  and  the  freer,  fuller  life  of  that  country,  caused  him  to  feel  dis- 
satisfied with  the  close  and  crowded  conditions  of  London  and,  seeing  a  favor- 
able opportunity  to  dispose  of  his  business,  he  decided  to  close  out  and  leave. 
In  1908  he  came  to  British  Columbia,  settling  in  Vancouver,  where  in  associa- 
tion with  C.  R.  Drayton,  he  organized  the  Vancouver  Financial  Corporation, 
Ltd.,  remaining  in  that  connection  to  the  present  time.  In  the  organization  of 
this  company  he  again  entered  upon  what  has  been  a  difficult  task  of  systematiz- 
ing the  work,  developing  the  business  to  its  present  condition  and  standing: 
On  its  organization  the  company  occupied  a  small  room  and  something  of  the 
growth  and  success  of  the  undertaking  is  indicated  in  the  fact  that  the  Van- 
couver Financial  Corporation,  Ltd.,  has  today  a  splendidly  appointed  and  com- 


E.  JAMES   ENTHOVEN 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  325 

modious  suite  in  the  London  building.  Difficulties  and  obstacles  have  been 
encountered  in  bringing  about  this  result,  but  the  same  spirit  of  determination 
and  energy  which  has  always  characterized  Mr.  Enthoven  has  been  manifest 
in  this  connection  and  the  firm  has  won  its  place  among  the  most  prominent 
representatives  of  financial  interests  in  the  Pacific  northwest.  On  the  organi- 
zation of  the  Vancouver  Financial  Corporation,  Ltd.,  in  1908,  its  capital  was 
small  and  its  resources  limited,  but  the  business  is  now  capitalized  for  two  hundred 
and  ten  thousand  dollars  and  has  a  reserve  of  two  hundred  thousand  dollars.  Its 
officers  are:  H.  Abbott,  chairman;  C.  R.  Drayton,  manager;  and  E.  J.  Entroven, 
secretary-treasurer.  The  company  has  large  connections  in  Scotland  and  is 
represented  by  agents  in  both  Glasgow  and  Edinburgh.  They  conduct  a  general 
financial  business  and  have  invested  large  sums  for  clients.  They  have  been 
exceptionally  successful  in  this  line,  their  investments  being  safe,  sound  and 
lucrative.  The  company  also  manages  several  large  business  and  office  buildings 
in  Vancouver  and  conduct  a  large  fire  and  casualty  insurance  business,  being 
general  agents  for  the  General  Eire  Insurance  Company  of  Perth,  Scotland;  the 
Aetna  Insurance  Company  of  Hartford,  Connecticut;  the  General  Accident 
Assurance  Company  of  Toronto;  and  the  Canadian  Casualty  &  Boiler  Insurance 
Company.  Mr.  Enthoven  also  has  other  financial  interests  and  is  managing  direc- 
tor of  the  London  &  Vancouver  Investment  Company,  Ltd. 

On  the  I2th  of  October,  1892,  at  .Melbourne,  Australia,  occurred  the  marriage 
of  Mr.  Enthoven  and  Miss  Anna  Georgiana  Rudall,  a  daughter  of  James  Thomas 
Rudall,  F.  R.  C.  S.,  of  Melbourne.  Her  father  was  a  surgeon,  was  commissioned 
in  the  navy  of  Great  Britain,  and  served  on  the  expedition  to  the  Arctic  regions 
on  H.  M.  S.  Talbott  in  search  of  Sir  John  Franklin.  Later  he  resigned  his  com- 
mission in  the  navy  and  in  1858  went  to  Australia,  settling  in  Melbourne,  where 
he  took  up  the  practice  of  his  profession  and  so  continued  until  his  death  in  1907. 
He  was  a  very  prominent  and  distinguished  physician  and  surgeon,  known  to  the 
profession  not  only  in  Australia  but  in  England  and  other  lands  as  well.  For 
years  he  was  surgeon  to  the  Melbourne  Hospital,  the  Alfred  Hospital,  Blind 
Asylum  and  the  Deaf  and  Dumb  Institute  at  Melbourne,  and  was  a  member  of 
the  Victoria  Medical  Board.  He  was  likewise  a  delegate  to  the  International 
Medical  Congress  in  London  in  1881  and  was  the  author  of  medical  writings 
of  considerable  note.  He  also  translated  several  medical  works  from  the  Ger- 
man into  English.  His  wife  was  Georgiana  Gordon  Scot,  a  daughter  of  Alex- 
ander Scot,  of  Trinity,  Midlothian,  Scotland. 

Mr.  Enthoven  exercises  his  right  of  franchise  in  support  of  the  conservative 
party  and  its  policy,  but  his  onerous  business  duties  have  left  him  no  time  for 
activity  in  political  affairs.  He  belongs  to  the  Vancouver  Club  and  Anglican 
church.  Gradually  and  steadily  he  has  worked  his  way  upward.  Obstacles  and 
difficulties  have  seemed  to  serve  as  impetus  for  renewed  effort  on  his  part,  and 
when  one  avenue  of  opportunity  has  seemed  closed  he  has  sought  out  another 
path  by  which  to  reach  the  desired  goal.  He  is  resourceful  and  expedient  and 
:he  years  have  marked  his  constantly  developing  powers,  so  that  at  the  present 
writing  he  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  strong  and  able  business  men  of  British 
Jolumbia,  his  strength  and  ability  being  proven  in  his  splendid  achievements. 


WILLIAM  N.  CLARKE. 

Among  the  real-estate,  insurance  and  loan  firms  of  New  Westminster  there 
is  none  which  enjoys  a  greater  prestige  than  that  of  Latham  &  Clarke,  whose 
nisiness  connections  are  extensive  and  important.  William  N.  Clarke,  the  junior 
nember  of  the  firm,  was  born  in  New  Westminster  on  September  21,1875,  a  son 
)f  James  A.  and  Katherine  (Magowan)  Clarke,  the  former  a  native  of  St. 
indrews;  New  Brunswick,  and  the  latter  of  London,  England.  The  father  has 
he  distinction  of  being  numbered  among  the  pioneers  of  British  Columbia, 


326  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

coming  here  some  time  in  the  early  '6os,  and  has  spent  his  subsequent  year* 
in  Vancouver,  New  Westminster  and  Port  Moody,  where  he  now  resides.  He  at 
one  time  was  the  owner  of  the  present  town  site  of  Port  Moody. 

William  N.  Clarke  was  reared  under  the  parental  roof  amid  the  western, 
conditions  which  called  for  enterprise,  industry  and  energy.  His  education  was- 
acquired  in  the  public  schools  of  New  Westminster  and  Port  Moody  and  in  the 
New  Westminster  high  school.  In  about  1895  Mr.  Clarke  entered  the  office 
of  Howay  &  Reid,  barristers,  remaining,  however,  but  a  short  time  in  that  con- 
nection. He  at  present  occupies  these  very  same  offices  for  his  business  transac- 
tions. Leaving  his  position  with  Howay  &  Reid,  he  then  became  an  employe  in 
the  real-estate  office  of  Turner  &  Hart,  but  upon  the  dissolution  of  the  partner- 
ship between  these  gentlemen,  in  1898,  remained  with  Mr..  Turner  until  he 
entered  upon  a  position  with  F.  J.  Hart,  whom  he  left  in  1902  to  enter  the  offices- 
of  the  Mainland  Underwriters  Association.  In  that  connection  he  rose  to  be 
chief  examiner,  remaining  for  eight  years  with  this  corporation.  Returning  to. 
New  Westminster,  he  then  engaged  in  business  for  himself  in  association  with 
E.  G.  McBride,  under  the  firm  name  of  McBride  &  Clarke,  operating  in  real  estate 
and  insurance.  This  partnership  continued  for  the  year  1911  but  later  Mr.  Clarke 
became  sole  proprietor  and  on  January  i,  1913,  formed  his  present  association 
when  he  and  Mr.  Latham  purchased  the  real-estate  and  insurance  business 
of  A.  W.  McLeod  and  established  themselves  as  Latham  &  Clarke.  Although  the 
business  has  been  in  operation  under  this  firm  style  for  only  a  few  months,  the 
firm  enjoys  a  distinct  reputation  and  high  prestige  on  account  of  the  former 
important  connections  of  Mr.  Clarke  and  his  wide  and  varied  experience.  He  is 
a  well  informed  man  on  local  real-estate  values  and  there  is  no  phase  of  the 
insurance  and  loan  business  with  which  he  is  not  thoroughly  acquainted. 

In  1904  William  N.  Clarke  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Annetta  F.. 
McDonald,  a  native  of  New  Westminster.  They  have  one  daughter,  Doris 
Evelyn,  a  precocious  child  of  remarkable  talents  and  a  natural-born  musician, 
being  able  to  play  the  piano  at  the  age  of  but  two  and  a  half  years. '  Public- 
spirited  and  progressive,  Mr.  Clarke  has  become  recognized  as  a  forceful  element 
in  New  Westminster,  always  standing  for  progress  and  advancement  along 
material  and  intellectual  lines.  He  enjoys  the  highest  reputation  among  men  of 
his  profession  as  well  as  with  the  general  public  and  enjoys  the  confidence  and 
good-will  of  all  who  have  occasion  to  enter  with  him  into  business  or  social 
relations. 


HON.  ALEXANDER  EDMUND  BATSON   DAVIE. 

Hon.  Alexander  Edmund  Batson  Davie,  Q.  C.,  was  born  November  24,  1847, 
at  Wookey  Hole,  Wells,  Somersetshire,  England.  His  father,  Dr.  John  Chapman 
Davie,  M.  R.  C.  S.,  L.  S.  A.,  a  pioneer  physician,  came  in  1862,  with  four  of  his 
sons,  to  Vancouver  island.  Theodore,  the  youngest  son,  who  eventually  became 
chief  justice  of  British  Columbia,  followed  his  father  to  this  country  a  few  years 
later. 

Dr.  John  Chapman  Davie  wedded  Anne  Collard  Waldron,  of  Wellington  Somer- 
setshire, England.  Of  Dr.  Davie's  large  family,  his  three  sons,  Dr.  J.  C.,  the 
Hon.  A.  E.  B.,  and  the  Hon.  Theodore,  all  rose  to  positions  of  prominence  in 
connection  with  the  public  life  and  development  of  British  Columbia. 

Hon.  Alexander  E.  B.  Davie,  Q.  C.,  pursued  his  education  in  Silcoate's  College, 
near  Wakefield,  Yorkshire,  and  in  1862  came  to  British  Columbia  with  his  father, 
being  then  a  youth  of  fifteen  years.  Desiring  to  make  the  practice  of  law  his  life 
work,  he  was  articled  as  a  clerk,  August  29,  1862,  to  Robert  Bishop,  a  well  known 
barrister.  He  afterwards  was  articled  to  Robert  E.  Jackson,  June  23,  1865,  a 
celebrated  lawyer  in  Victoria  in  those  days.  He  was  enrolled  as  a  barrister  and 
solicitor  of  the  supreme  court  of  civil  justice  of  Vancouver  island,  November  25, 
1868,  by  John  Needham,  chief  justice,  and  was  enrolled  on  the  mainland  as  a 


HON.   ALEXANDER   E.   B.   DAVJK 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  329 

b  irrister  and  solicitor  of  the  supreme  court  of  British  Columbia  by  Sir  Matthew 
1  aillie  Begbie  in  1869.  He  decided  to  practice  in  Victoria,  traveling  much  on 
c  rcuit  through  Cariboo.  He  was  law  clerk  to  the  legislative  assembly  from 
i  $72  until  1874,  and  in  1875,  ne  was  elected  a  member  for  the  Cariboo  district. 

In  May,  1877,  he  became  a  member  of  the  executive  council  of  the  Elliott 
g  )vernment,  but  met  defeat  on  standing  for  reelection.  In  1879  his  enforced 
a  >sence  from  his  law  office  led  him  to  take  into  law  partnership  the  late  Hon. 
L .  E.  Pooley,  K.  C.,  sometime  speaker  of  the  legislature,  the  firm  being  Davie  & 
I'ooley,  and  this  connection  was  maintained  to  the  time  of  Mr.  Davie's  death. 
At  the  general  provincial  election,  in  1882,  Mr.  Davie  successfully  contested 
Lillooet,  and  when  W.  Smithe,  deceased,  was  called  upon  to  form  a  ministry  in 
1:583,  he  selected  Mr.  Davie  as  his  attorney  general.  On  the  2ist  of  September, 
o  the  same  year,  Mr.  Davie  was  made  queen's  counsel,  and  upon  the  death  of 
Premier  Smithe,  in  March,  1887,  he  succeeded  to  the  office  of  prime  minister, 
"t»  coming  also  president  of  the  council  and  attorney  general,  which  public  offices 
hi:  occupied  until  his  life's  labors  were  ended  in  death.  He  maintained  and  enjoyed 
tre  confidence  of  a  large  majority  of  the  members  of  the  provincial  legislature, 
ai  d  he  manifested  the  utmost  loyalty  and  public-spirited  devotion  to  the  general 
good,  exercising  his  official  prerogatives  in  support  of  various  measures  which 
h;.d  to  do  with  the  welfare  and  advancement  of  the  province.  Close  application 
to  his  duties  and  to  his  law  practice  so  undermined  his  health  in  the  fall  of  1887, 
that  he  never  recovered,  and  a  gradual  decline  brought  him  to  the  end  of  life's 
journey  on  the  1st  of  August,  1889.  On  the  3d  of  December,  1874,  Mr.  Davie 
w  is  married  to  Constance  Langford,  a  daughter  of  Thomas  and  Mary  Skinner 
of  Maple  Bay,  Cowichan.  Her  father,  like  his  own,  was  a  pioneer  settler  on 
Vancouver  island.  The  death  of  Mrs.  Davie  occurred  in  1904.  By  this  mar- 
riage there  were  five  children  who  reached  adult  age,  while  two  passed  away  in 
in:ancy.  Sophie  became  the  wife  of  Hon.  A.  E.  McPhillips,  K.  C.,  and  judge 
of  the  court  of  appeal,  of  Victoria.  Ethel  Bremmer  is  now  matron  of  St. 
\\  inifred's  Sanitarium  at  San  Francisco,  California.  Winifred  Mary  is  the 
wife  of  F.  J.  Fulton,  K.  C.,  of  Kamloops,  British  Columbia.  Cyril  Francis  is  a 
barrister  of  Victoria,  and  Constance  Mary  Claire  is  a  resident  of  Victoria  and 
unmarried. 

Mr.  Davie  became  a  convert  to  the  Roman  Catholic  faith  and  was  an  ardent 
rm  mber  of  the  church.  In  Dominion  politics  he  was  always  a  stanch  conservative, 
unfaltering  in  his  advocacy  of  the  principles  of  the  party.  Party  politics  were 
no';  then  in  issue  in  British  Columbia.  He  was  attorney  general  at  the  time  the 
seHlement  act  of  1883  was  drafted  and  successfully  carried  through  the  house, 
an  1  he  was  successful  in  managing  the  disputes  between  the  two  governments. 
Ht;  was  instrumental  in  securing  an  important  decision  which  was  rendered  in 
fa /or  of  the  province  in  regard  to  the  ownership  of  the  minerals  in  the  railway 
be  t. 

A  contemporary  biographer  wrote  of  him  as  follows : 

"In  the  death  of  Hon.  Mr.  Davie  the  province  loses  one  of  its  most  gifted 
m<m — one  who  leaves  behind  him  a  brilliant  record  untarnished  by  any  questionable 
ac..  In  public  and  private  life  he  was  held  in  the  highest  respect  and  esteem. 
H  s  conduct  in  all  matters  was  such  that  he  won  the  confidence  of  both  followers 
and  opponents,  and  in  his  intercourse  with  all  men  he  was  ever  courteous  and 
considerate.  In  the  local  parliament,  when  he  addressed  the  house,  he  was  listened 
to  with  the  strictest  attention,  and  his  opinions  on  all  matters  were  valued  by 
frend  and  foe,  for  all  believed  that  but  one  motive — the  desire  to  do  what  was 
fa  r  and  honorable — guided  his  conduct.  As  a  member  of  the  bar,  he  occupied 
aliigh  place  in  the  estimation  of  his  fellows,  and  was  a  bencher  of  the  law  society 
One  month  prior  to  his  death  he  declined  an  appointment  to  the  honorable  position 
of  judge  of  the  supreme  court  of  the  province.  An  editorial  in  one  of  the  local 
;  papers,  published  August  I,  1889,  reads  as  follows: 

'  'British  Columbia  lost  an  able  and  upright  public  man  and  exemplary  and 
i  us  ef ul  citizen  when  the  Honorable  Alexander  E.  B.  Davie  died.    He  was  a  model 


330  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

man  in  every  relation  of  life  and  he  was  so  happy  as  to  be  appreciated  at  his 
true  value  by  all  with  whom  he  came  in  contact.  He  possessed  the  art  of  inspiring 
confidence  and  winning  esteem.  He  was  genial  and  gentle  in  his  demeanor,  and 
although  an  active  politician  who  stood  steadfast  for  his  principles  and  worked 
hard  for  his  party,  he  made  no  enemies  and  attained  a  high  position,  both  in  pro- 
fessional and  political  life. 

"  'The  honors  he  won  he  deserved,  and  he  performed  faithfully  and  effectively 
every  duty  he  undertook.  He  more  than  fulfilled  the  hopes  entertained  by  his 
warmest  friends  and  his  most  partial  admirers.  As  a  public  servant  no  man  called 
in  question  his  ability  or  his  integrity,  and  his  private  life  runs  without  even  the 
suspicion  of  a  stain.  It  is  the  lot  of  but  few  men  to  leave  behind  them  so  clean 
a  record  as  Alexander  E.  B.  Davie.  His  memory  will  always  be  honored  by 
British  Columbians,  who,  while  they  mourn  his  early  death,  look  back  with  pride 
on  the  works  he  did  and  the  virtues  he  exhibited  during  his  short  but  well-spent 
life.'  " 


ARCHIBALD  McNAUGHTON. 

A  notable  fig'ure  on  the  stage  of  business  activity  in  British  Columbia  was 
Archibald  McNaughton,  whose  pioneer  work  along  various  lines  stimulated 
progress  in  such  a  way  that  its  far-reaching  and  effective  results  can  still  be 
felt.  Such  was  the  place  he  had  won  in  public  regard  and  in  social  circles  that 
his  death  was  the  occasion  of  deep  and  widespread  regret  when  he  passed  away, 
Tune  21,  1900.  It  was  especially  the  Cariboo  district  which  benefited  by  his 
labors  and  it  was  there  that  he  did  important  work  as  representative  of  the  Hud- 
son's Bay  Company  and  exerted  himself  successfully  in  promoting  the  gold 
mining  industry.  There  he  was  known  as  a  wise  counselor  to  old  settler  and 
newcomer,  and  as  friend  to  all  those  in  need.  Fortunes  he  made  and  fortunes  he 
lost,  yet  his  indomitable  spirit  of  enterprise  never  abated,  and  out  of  adversities 
which  engulfed  him  he  came  stronger  for  the  combat  and,  making  use  of  the 
lessons  learned,  finally  succeeeded  in  achieving  the  goal,  being  numbered  among 
the  substantial  men  of  the  province  at  the  time  of  his  demise. 

The  eldest  of  three  sons,  he  was  born  in  Montreal,  Canada,  March  16,  1843, 
a  son  of  Archibald  McXaughton.  who  was  highly  respected  and  prominent  as 
one  of  the  pioneer  merchants  of  that  city.  He  was  a  public-spirited  citizen  who 
took  a  deep  and  helpful  interest  in  all  matters  pertaining  to  the  public  welfare. 
He  spent  practically  his  entire  life  in  the  Dominion,  for  he  was  brought  to  Can- 
ada by  his  parents  when  a  child  of  only  three  months.  The  paternal  great- 
grandfather of  our  subject  was  Baron  McNaughton,  of  Stirling  Castle,  Perth- 
shire, Scotland. 

Archibald  McNaughton  was  reared  amid  the  refining  influences  of  a  cultured 
home  and  \\as  early  grounded  in  the  virtues  of  honesty  and  industry.  He  received 
his  education  at  the  Phillips  school  of  Montreal  and  the  Lower  Canada  College 
of  that  city.  The  stories  of  the  west  and  its  opportunities  exerted  a  powerful 
influence  upon  his  plastic  and  adventurous  mind  and  its  advantages  made  a 
strong  appeal  to  him.  He  became  more  and  more  imbued  with  the  idea  of  seek- 
ing his  fortune  in  those  vast  western  lands  which  yet  awaited  development.  His 
plans  taking  on  practical  form,  he  assisted  in  organizing  the  Montreal  party 
which  was  bound  for  the  west  and  which  left  that  city  to  join  the  overland 
expedition,  May  5,  1862.  Arriving  in  the  Cariboo  district,  he  familiarized  himself 
with  local  conditions  and,  like  many  of  the  western  pioneers,  first  became  con- 
nected with  mining,  in  which  occupation  he  was  engaged  for  a  number  of  years 
with  varying  success.  Perceiving  that  more  stable  advancement  lay  along  com- 
mercial lines,  he  subsequently  followed  commercial  pursuits  in  that  section,  his 
straightforward  business  policy  readily  gaining  him  patronage  and  making  for 
his  financial  success.  He  was  always  true  and  loyal  to  his  friends  and  many 
there  were  who  came  to  him  for  assistance  and  advice- 


MRS.  MARGARET  McNAUGHTON  MANSON 


ARCHIBALD  ilrXAUGHTOX 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  335 

Official  appointment  came  to  him,  March  2,   1884,  when  he  was  chosen  for 

•he    office    of    assessor    and    collector     for    the    district    of     Cariboo,     which 

Difficult  position  he  filled  with  such  circumspection  and  ability  that  he  received 

ihe  highest  commendation  from  the  government.     In  October,   1884,  he  entered 

upon  a  period  of  service  with  the  Hudson's  Ray  Company  and,  his  exceptional 

business  ability  soon  becoming  recognized,  he  was  in   1887  appointed  manager 

or  that  company  in  the  Cariboo  district,  severing  his  connection  with  that  great 

corporation  in  the  month  of  October,  1894,  when  he  was  stricken  with  paralysis 

nd  was  for  seven  years  an  invalid,  nursed  by  his  devoted, wife.    In  1887  another 

ifficial  appointment  came  to  him,  when  he  was  chosen  for  the  office  of  postmaster 

if  Quesnel.     The  duties  of  his  position  were  largely  taken  care  of  by  his  able 

vife,  as  Mr.  McNaughton  was  incapaciated  by  paralysis  for  years  preceding  his 

iemise.     He  was  connected  with  practically  all  gold  mining  enterprises  of  the 

Cariboo  district,  where  he  organized  or  preempted  most  of  the  historic  mines, 

being  engaged  in  both  quartz  and  placer  mining.     In  these  ventures  he  made 

;  nd  lost  two  fortunes  but  his  spirit  remained  undaunted  and,  like  all  true  miners, 

1  is  courage  never  failed.     He  was  a  man  well  known  and  highly  respected  in 

the  district.     Having  enjoyed  superior  educational  opportunities  in  his  youth,  he 

1  iter  acquainted  himself  with  various  phases  of  the  law  and  during  the  '6os  and 

'"OS  often  pleaded  successfully  before  the  judges  who  visited  the  district.     Kind 

A/orks  and  deeds  characterized  his  entire  life  and  he  was  beloved  and  honored 

1  y  all  who  knew  him. 

In  1885  Mr.  McNaughton  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Elizabeth  Mc- 
( iregor,  of  Montreal,  who  was  his  cousin.  She  passed  away  in  1887.  He  subse- 
c  uently  wedded  Miss  Margaret  Peebles,  of  New  Westminster,  British  Columbia, 
t.  daughter  of  the  late  Thomas  Peebles  and  his  wife,  Jane  (Murie)  Peebles. 
Mrs.  McNaughton  was  born  in  Kirkcudbrightshire,  Scotland,  and  came  to  New 
Westminster  in  1888,  where  she  was  married  to  .Mr.  McNaughton  on  the  I7th 
cf  September,  1890,  in  Holy  Trinity  cathedral,  by  the  Yen.  Archdeacon  Woods, 
Henry  B.  Irving,  better  known  as  "Father  Pat,"  assisting.  Mrs.  McNaughton 
i ;  a  woman  of  decided  ability  along  literary  lines  and  of  rare  accomplishments, 
teing  popular  in  the  best  social  circles  of  Vancouver.  Deeply  interested  in  the 
vork  of  her  church,  she  is  allied  with  numerous  movements  which  are  intended 
t }  better  humanity  and  alleviate  the  trials  of  the  poor  and  afflicted,  being  widely 
known  for  her  charity  and  womanly  helpfulness  in  this  city.  Mrs.  McNaughton 
has  been  elected  a  lady  associate  of  the  Royal  Colonial  Institute  of  London, 
England,  a  quite  unusual  honor,  and  she  is  also  a  vice  regent  of  the  Pauline 
J  jhnston  Chapter  of  the  Daughters  of  the  Empire.  She  is  a  member  of  the 
Canadian  Women's  Press  Club,  a  director  of  the  Scientific,  Art  and  Historical 
Association,  a  member  of  the  Woman's  Canadian  Club  and  other  institutions 
of  like  prominence.  She  has  written  several  works  of  note  dealing  with  the 
history  of  the  province  of  British  Columbia  and  was  the  first  woman  to  publish 
a  book  of  this  character  in  the  province.  Through  her  literary  efforts  she  has 
brought  the  Cariboo  district  to  the  notice  of  the  whole  of  Canada,  has  written 
for  the  press  since  1890  and  was  presented  by  the  government  of  British  Col- 
u  ubia  with  an  honorarium  for  preserving  this  history  for  future  generations. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  'McNaughton  had  one  son,  who  died  in  childhood. 

Mr.  McNaughton  passed  away  June  21,  1900,  his  demise  being  deeply 
regretted  by  a  large  circie  of  friends  who  esteemed  him  for  his  many  high  quali- 
ties of  heart  and  mind.  He  found  his  last  resting  place  at  Quesnel  in  the  Cariboo 
district,  a  region  to  the  development  of  which  he  had  given  most  of  his  life.  A 
nian  of  decisive  views  on  public  questions,  Mr.  McNaughton  stanchly  supported 
the  conservative  party  and,  being  public-spirited  and  of  progressive  tendencies, 
give  his  indorsement  to  all  measures  and  movements  intended  to  improve  the 
conditions  of  the  country  and  its  people.  He  was  connected  with  the  Church 
of  England,  being  a  licensed  lay  reader  under  the  late  Bishop  Silitoe  of  that 
c  lurch  and  taking  a  vital  and  helpful  interest  in  all  matters  affecting  the  organi- 
zation. Gifted  with  qualities  far  beyond  those  possessed  by  the  majority  and, 

Vol.  IV— 12 


336  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

never  discouraged  or  disheartened,  he  always  pushed  on,  never  losing  sight  of 
his  purpose,  never  forgetting  for  a  moment  the  goal  before  him,  conscious  that 
his  aim  was  justifiable  and  his  course  honorable.  The  years  have  proven  the 
worth, of  his  labors  and  his  life  record  reflects  credit  and  honor  upon  British 
Columbia,  which  honors  his  memory.  His  life  was  indeed  of  great  use- 
fulness, touching  many  lines  of  activity  and  proving  of  great  worth  along  the 
path  of  permanent  progress  and  advancement  in  his  adopted  province. 


EDWARD  ODLUM,  B.  A.,  B.  Sc.,  M.  A. 

The  life  work  of  Professor  Edward  Odium,  scientist  and  educator  and  now 
a  prominent  representative  of  real-estate  and  other  important  business  interests 
in  Vancouver  and  British  Columbia,  has  contributed  in  an  extraordinary  degree 
to  the  development  and  progress  of  Canada,  for  as  lecturer  and  writer  he  has 
awakened  among  the  inhabitants  of  other  lands  an  interest  in  this  country  that 
has  resulted  in  bringing  about  an  influx  of  population  leading  to  the  development 
and  upbuilding  of  the  country.  His  efforts  have  been  untiring  and  resultant  in  the 
advancement  of  Vancouver's  welfare  along  material,  social,  political  and  intel- 
lectual lines.  Possessing  a  mind  of  extraordinary  fertility,  he  early  recognized 
the  splendid  opportunities  offered  by  this  section  and  with  firm  faith  in  the  future 
of  the  country  became  a  cooperant  factor  in  the  utilization  of  the  advantages  and 
resources  here  offered. 

Born  in  Tullamore,  Peel  county,  Ontario,  November  27,  1850,  Edward  Odium 
is  a  descendant  of  an  old  Irish  family  that  authentically  traces  its  ancestry  back  to 
1690,  in  which  year  existing  records  give  account  of  four  brothers  of  the  Odium 
family,  officers  of  the  British  army,  who  went  to  Ireland  in  the  train  of  King 
William  when  that  monarch  undertook  to  quell  the  turbulent  element  which  would 
not  submit  to  the  British  crown.  Abraham  Odium,  grandfather  of  Professor 
Odium,  was  born  on  the  Emerald  isle  and  added  luster  to  the  family  name  by 
his  military  record  as  an  officer  in  the  army  of  the  great  Duke  of  Wellington. 
Subsequently  he  made  a  home  on  the  beautiful  channel  island  of  Guernsey,  but 
in  1820  his  ever  ambitious  spirit  led  him  to  charter  a  ship  in  which  he  sailed  with 
his  family  for  America,  with  Quebec  as  his  destination.  His  son  John  Odium, 
who  was  a  member  of  that  party,  participated  in  the  war  of  1837,  as  did  Abraham 
Odium. 

In  this  country  John  Odium  followed  agricultural  pursuits  and  led  an  upright, 
honorable  life,  consistent  with  the  tenets  of  the  Church  of  England,  of  which 
he  was  a  devoted  member.  His  wife.  Margaret  McKenzie,  was  of  Scotch  extrac- 
tion but  a  native  of  County  Tyrone,  Ireland.  They  were  the  parents  of  nine 
children.  The  mother  passed  away  in  1892,  in  her  seventieth  year,  while  the 
father  lived  to  the  remarkable  age  of  eighty-six,  making  his  home  in  Lucknow, 
Bruce  county,  Ontario.  He  was  not  only  venerated  because  of  his  advanced 
years  but  also  highly  honored  for  his  many  admirable  qualities  of  heart  and  mind. 

Professor  Odium  spent  his  early  boyhood  on  the  home  farm  and  acquired 
his  preliminary  education  in  the  neighborhood  schools,  while  later  he  attended  the 
collegiate  institute  at  Cobourg,  Ontario.  Subsequently  he  matriculated  in  Vic- 
toria University,  which  conferred  upon  him  the  degrees  of  Bachelor  and  Master 
of  Arts  and  Bachelor  of  Science.  Distinguished  for  his  profound  learning  and 
deep  insight  into  sociological  and  political  problems,  he  early  recognized  the  need 
of  bringing  emigration  to  the  provinces  that  the  natural  resources  and  advantages 
of  the  country  might  be  utilized  and  developed.  The  government,  recognizing  his 
ability,  sent  him  to  England,  Wales,  Scotland.  Ireland  and  the  Orkney  islands 
and  through  his  ability  as  a  lecturer  he  presented  vivid  pictures  to  the  people  of 
Great  Britain  concerning  the  advantages  of  the  country  across  the  water,  his  efforts 
resulting  in  a  substantial  increase  in  immigration.  After  two  years  devoted  to 
that  work  he  returned  to  Canada  and,  imbued  with  the  western  spirit  of  which  he 


EDWARD  ODLUM 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  339 

had  spoken  in  the  old  world,  he  made  his  way  to  the  Cariboo  district,  where  he 
took  charge  of  the  affairs  of  a  company  largely  engaged  in  gold  mining.  After 
some  time  devoted  to  that  work  he  advised  that  the  company  abstain  from  further 
development,  as  the  output  of  the  mine  was  not  sufficient  to  cover  the  heavy 
expenses  of  their  operation.  The  British  Columbia  government,  desiring  a  report 
:o  be  forwarded  to  the  botanical  section  of  the  World's  Columbian  Exposition  in 
Chicago  in  1893  on  the  economic  value  of  the  woods  within  the  confines  of  the 
jrovince,  selected  Professor  Odium  for  that  purpose  and  he  prepared  a  lucid  and 
comprehensive  paper  on  the  subject.  A  man  of  wide  learning  and  well  acquainted 
vvith  the  problems  of  education,  he  was  chosen  as  representative  of  the  government 
o  make  a  study  of  the  educational  systems  employed  in  Manitoba  and  the  older 
provinces  of  Canada  and  report  thereon  and  also  prepared  a  paper  to  induce  the 
government  to  set  aside  lands  to  be  used  for  the  benefit  of  the  schools.  The  gov- 
ernment of  the  day,  Hon.  Colonel  Baker  being  minister  of  education,  decided  to 
follow  the  suggestion  and  took  the  initial  steps  toward  its  adoption.  The  proposi- 
ion  to  set  aside  lands  for  public  educational  purposes,  however,  was  not  adopted, 
'or  unfortunately  at  this  time  the  sudden  death  of  the  premier,  the  Hon.  John 
Robinson,  in  Great  Britain  changed  certain  portions  of  the  policy.  A  convocation 
vas  assembled  at  Victoria  and  much  time  spent  in  discussing  and  investigating  an 
ict  previously  passed.  Much  adverse  criticism  came  from  many  and  further  action 
.vas  postponed  to  the  following  year.  The  death  of  the  premier,  as  stated,  defeated 
he  proposition.  Had  it  passed  the  schools  of  British  Columbia  would  have  been 
inanced  abundantly  and  forever  by  the  wonderful  increase  of  land  values. 

Professor  Odium,  who  came  to  British  Columbia  in  1889,  has  devoted  much 
i>f  his  life  to  public  instruction  as  teacher,  lecturer  and  writer  and  in  an  ecluca- 
ional  capacity  was  called  to  Japan  to  accept  the  position  of  president  of  a  college 
n  Tokio,  having  six  hundred  students  and  fourteen  professors  and  tutors  under 
lis  direction.  In  his  study  of  the  Japanese  and  who  they  are  Professor  Odium's 
indings  are  that  the  race  are  either  .Assyrians  or  else  one  of  the  lost  tribes  of 
srael.  He  is  probably  the  only  man  in  America  who  has  studied  the  origin  of  the 
apanese  and  his  logic  and  his  proof  on  this  subject  are  convincing. 

Throughout  his  entire  life  Professor  Odium  has  been  connected  with  much 
scientific  research  and  experimentation.  He,  under  the  direction  of  Dr.  E.  Haanel, 
built  the  first  electric  light,  a  big  arc  light,  used  in  Canada.  Dr.  E.  Haanel,  now 
superintendent  of  mines  for  Canada,  was  science  professor  of  Victoria  University 
;it  Cobourg,  Ontario,  at  that  time  and  the  electric  light  was  used  on  the  occasion 
<>f  a  football  tournament,  in  which  five  prominent  teams  participated — the  Vies 
<  if  Victoria,  the  teams  from  Queens  and  Toronto  Universities,  the  Trins  of  Trinity 
College,  Toronto,  and  the  team  from  Knox  College,  Toronto,  all  playing  at 
Cobourg.  It  is  said  that  Dr.  Haanel  and  Professor  Odium  built  the  first  tele- 
phone used  in  Canada  for  public  purposes.  Later  these  same  telephones  were 
taken  by  Professor  Odium  to  Japan 'and  installed  in  the  college  there.  Professor 
Tyndall,  experimenting  with  electricity  in  a  lecture  in  the  old  country,  accident- 
;  lly  took  a  charge  through  his  body  and  was  somewhat  injured.  Professor  Odium 
was  explaining  this  to  a  large  class  in  Japan  and  was  operating  a  machine  four 
times  as  powerful  as  Tyndall's.  He  warned  his  class  of  the  danger  of  experi- 
menting and  at  the  very  time,  by  a  slight  movement,  his  hand  came  .into  contact 
with  the  live  wire  and  the  charge  passed  through  his  body,  but  there  were  no 
serious  results.  Professor  Odium  has  always  been  a  leader  in  experimental  work, 
seeking  truth  and  scientific  fact  wherever  they  are  to  be  found,  going  far  beyond 
the  knowledge  to  be  gleaned  from  books  as  a  result  of  the  researches  of  others. 

When  a  freshman  in  the  university  he  read  much  concerning  materialistic 
evolution  and  encountered  the  statement  made  by  an  eminent  scientist  that  the 
!  'Ushmen  of  Australia  were  but  a  degree  above  the  orang-outang.  He  then  deter- 
i  lined  to  visit  Australia  and  make  investigation  for  himself.  After  some  years 
1  e  carried  out  his  purpose  and  made  careful  examination  among  many  tribes.  In 
cne  instance  he  had  opportunity  to  examine  forty  boys  and  girls  in  one  of  the 
i  lissionary  public  schools,  the  parents  of  whom  at  that  time  were  living  in  the 


340  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

forest  wilds.  These  boys  and  girls  he  examined  in  reading,  writing,  spelling, 
arithmetic,  grammar  and  history  and  found  them  as  ready  and  intelligent  in  answer 
as  the  average  farmer's  children  of  Canada,  among  whom  he  had  taught  for  several 
years.  He  was  thus  forced  to  conclude  that  the  Australian  bushmen  were  more 
than  one  degree  above  the  orang-outang. 

In  his  science  course  it  was  necessary  to  pass  specific  examinations  in  surveying 
and  navigation  and  in  order  to  master  the  latter  Professor  Odium  spent  several 
months  on  a  sailing  vessel  on  the  Pacific,  giving  many  hours  to  practical  work 
each  day.  In  order  to  gain  thorough  knowledge  of  surveying  he  worked  volun- 
tarily with  surveyors  on  different  occasions  and  thus  added  practical  to  scientific 
training.  He  has  ever  greatly  enjoyed  making  experiments  in  order  to  solve 
scientific  problems  and  on  one  occasion,  when  with  two  others  he  was  experi- 
menting on  a  dangerous  gas  in  a  small  and  perfectly  enclosed  room,  an  explosion 
took  place  and  the  Leyden  jar  which  they  were  using  was  shattered  into  invisibility, 
no  fragments  being  left.  This  led  Professor  Odium  to  further  examinations.  A 
series  of  jars  filled  with  gas  were  afterward  exploded  at  once  with  a  like  result. 
the  glass  being  completely  pulverized.  A  third  experiment  was  made  in  Japan 
with  a  similar  result  and  these  three  trials  made  by  Professor  Odium  made  clear 
to  him  a  remarkable  accident  and  result  which  occurred  when  he  was  a  boy  of 
seventeen  years.  He  was  at  that  time  an  apprentice  at  cabinet-making  and  one 
Sunday  morning,  with  another  boy,  was  experimenting  on  a  large  horn  of  powder. 
He  held  the  horn  in  one  hand  and  poured  the  powder  on  the  bench,  touching  a 
match  to  it.  In  the  explosion  that  followed  the  brass  ring  on  top  and  the  heavy 
brass  lacks  holding  the  bottom  of  the  horn  were  all  that  remained,  not  a  particle 
of  the  horn  being  found. 

Another  most  interesting  scientific  occurrence  with  which  Professor  Odium 
was  connected  constitutes  a  part  of  the  scientific  history  of  Japan.  He  was  in 
that  country  when  Dr.  John  Milne  was  at  the  head  of  the  seismological  department 
of  Japan.  One  summer  morning  a  large  portion  of  a  high  mountain  was  blown 
off  by  a  volcanic  explosion.  Several  towns  and  villages  were  wiped  out  of  exist- 
ence and  many  killed.  Nearly  one  thousand  acres  were  covered  with  volcanic  ash 
and  the  government  sent  Professor  Seikya,  head  of  the  geological  department, 
with  many  men  to  survey  and  give  an  exact  report  as  to  the  extent  of  damage  and 
effects  of  the  explosion.  On  the  mountain  and  in  the  adjoining  valley  were  count- 
less thousands  of  cone  shaped  holes  noticed  by  Professor  Seikya.  These  led  to 
an  extensive  and  heated  discussion,  the  Professor  claiming  that  the  holes  were 
formed  by  falling  stones,  while  all  the  foreign  educators  opposed  this  conclusion. 
With  no  knowledge  of  the  discussion  Professor  Odium  visited  the  mountain  of 
Bandisan  and  with  much  cost  and  labor  made  a  careful  examination.  His  con- 
clusions he  noted  in  his  book  on  the  spot  and  later  on  his  arrival  at  Tokio  he  learned 
of  the  heated  discussion  and  that  his  conclusion  was  the  same  as  that  of  Professor 
Seikya.  He  found  that  the  foreign  educators  had  all  taken  sides  against  the  finding 
of  the  Japanese  professor.  Professor  Odium  then  set  off  for  north  Japan,  again 
hired  seven  or  eight  men  and  went  to  the  mountain.  He  dug  into  the  holes  and  is 
each  case  found  stones  and  volcanic  ash  and  beneath  the  stones  found  mountain 
weeds,  palm  leaves  and  branches.  On  his  return  to  Tokio  he  learned  that  Professor 
Seikya,  in  order  to  save  his  position  with  the  government,  was  forced  to  defend 
his  theory  in  public,  undertaking  the  task  in  a  large  hall  in  Yokahama,  Rear 
Admiral  Palmer,  of  the  British  navy,  presiding  over  the  meeting.  Professor 
Odium  went  to  hear  the  address,  after  which  the  foreign  educators  attacked  Pro- 
fessor Seikya's  theory.  Professor  Odium  asked  permission  to  speak  and  a  few 
moments'  time  was  accorded  him.  He  went  forward,  reached  for  a  large  pointer 
and  explained  to  the  meeting  the  many  diagrams  on  the  wall,  to  which  no  speaker 
had  as  yet  referred.  Having  covered  the  ground  and  given  facts,  he  finally 
announced  his  conclusion  to  be  that  of  Professor  Seikya.  The  entire  audience 
applauded  with  great  enthusiasm,  for  all  Japan  had  become  interested  in  the 
discussion.  Not  a  single  reply  was  made  by  any  of  the  opposition.  When  the 
meeting  was  closed  the  members  of  the  Scientific  Society  immediately  held  a 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  341 

meeting  and  decided  to  ask  "the  stranger"  to  prepare  a  paper  on  the  subject  and 
read  it  before  the  society.  He  was  made  a  member  of  that  society  for  the  express 
purpose  of  presenting  his  paper,  which  was  acknowledged  to  be  final  and  con- 
clusive on  the  subject.  At  government  expense  large  numbers  of  pamphlets  were 
published  containing  Professor  Odium's  paper  and  were  freely  distributed  in  many 
educational  centers  throughout  the  world. 

While  in  Japan  Professor  Odium  lost  his  wife,  her  death  resulting  from  malaria 
and  pneumonia.  This  decided  him  to  leave  the  country,  after  which  he  traveled 
extensively  in  Australia,  New  Zealand,  and  the  United  States,  studying  conditions 
and  weighing  in  his  mind  the  advantages  for  settlement  offered  in  various  coun- 
tries. He  considered  Vancouver,  however,  most  attractive  for  residence  and 
for  investment  and  upon  his  arrival  here  made  extensive  purchases  of  city  property, 
:he  value  of  which  has  greatly  increased  with  the  rapid  development  of  the  city. 
He  purchased  and  sold  valuable  city  tracts,  built  houses  both  for  sale  and  rent 
mcl  through  his  activities  greatly  promoted  the  growth  of  the  town.  1  le  is  still 
he  owner  of  extensive  holdings.  After  twenty  years  of  activity  in  educational 
•ircles  he  decided  to  abandon  that  profession,  although  he  received  various  highly 
lattering  offers  of  college  professorships.  He  now  gives  his  attention  largely 
o  the  supervision  of  his  real-estate  interests  and  to  other  business  affairs  and 
investments.  He  is  a  director  of  the  Trustee  Company,  the  Terminal  City  Press 
Company,  the  Orange  Hall  Association,  the  British  Columbia  Oil  Refining  Coni- 
>any,  president  of  the  Grand  Trunk  British  Columbia  Coal  Company,  connected 
vith  the  National  Finance  Company,  a  director  of  the  Thompson  Stationery  Com- 
>any,  a  stockholder  in  the  Canadian  Pacific  Oil  Company  of  California,  and  the 
3acific  Coast  Fire  Insurance  Company. 

It  is  but  natural  that  a  man  of  Professor  Odium's  intense  mental  activity 
should  use  literature  as  a  means  of  expression.  He  has  contributed  valuable 
articles  to  newspapers  on  various  subjects,  writing  not  only  upon  the  question 
"Who  are  the  Japanese,"  to  which  previous  reference  has  been  made,  but  also 
upon  the  subject  ''Who  are  the  Saxons."  These  papers  show  marked  literary 
ability,  wide  research  and  a  profound  understanding  of  the  nature  of  the  peoples 
vith  whom  he  has  dealt.  His  progress  and  patriotism  have  found  expression  in 
many  ways.  In  1892  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  board  of  aldermen  of  Yan- 
t  ouver,  being  honored  with  the  largest  vote  ever  cast  up  to  that  time  in  the  city 
or  a  candidate  for  that  office.  It  was  on  the  expiration  of  his  term  of  service 
i hat  he  undertook  his  two  year  trip  to  Great  Britain  in  the  interests  of  emigration 
;  nd  upon  his  return  in  January,  1904,  he  was  again  elected  to  the  aldermanic 
board — a  vote  of  confidence  given  by  the  people  which  should  be  highly  satisfactory 
1o  the  Professor.  His  decided  public  spirit  has  been  strongly  manifest  in  his 
service  as  an  official,  for  he  has  always  stood  for  the  promotion  of  any  measure 
that  would  result  in  benefits  to  the  city  or  tend  to  elevate  mankind,  and  he  has 
not  only  helped  in  bringing  about  the  acceptance  of  favorable  proposals  but  has 
;  Iso  been  the  champion  of  many  progressive  movements.  He  has  been  president 
of  the  Central  Executive  Rate  Payers  Association  and  chairman  of  the  Carnegie 
Public  Library  Board  of  Vancouver.  He  is  likewise  connected  with  the  Central 
City  Mission.  He  served  with  the  Thirty-sixth  Regiment  from  Peel  county, 
Ontario,  during  the  Fenian  raid  of  1866  to  1870  and  received  one  hundred  and 
Hxty  acres  of  land  in  Ontario  in  recognition  of  the  aid  which  he  rendered. 

In  1877  Professor  Odium  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  Elvira  Powell,  a  native 
<>f  Ontario  and  a  descendant  of  a  distinguished  family  of  United  Empire  Loyalists 
of  English  extraction.  The  first  of  the  name  in  America  had  located  in  the  United 
States,  but  when  the  American  Revolutionary  war  begun  they  crossed  the  border 
into  Canada.  Having  lost  his  first  wife,  Professor  Odium  was  married  to  Miss 
-vlartha  M.  Thomas,  of  Toronto.  Professor  Odium  has  four  sons  by  his  first 
wife.  Edward  Farady,  the  eldest,  was  for  a  time  head  bookkeeper  and  part  owner 
in  Thomson  Brothers  Stationery  Company,  Ltd.  The  second  is  Victor  Wentworth, 
of  Vancouver,  who  has  a  controlling  interest  in  the  Clapp,  Anderson  &  Odium, 
Limited,  insurance  brokers.  The  third,  Garnet  McKenzie,  died  in  South  Africa 


342  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

after  the  Boer  war,  and  the  fourth  son,  Joseph  Wellesley,  holds  a  position  in  one 
of  the  stores  of  Vancouver.  Three  of  these  sons  offered  their  services  in  the 
Boer  war,  the  youngest  being  then  but  sixteen  years  of  age  and  the  eldest  twenty- 
one.  These  two,  after  participating  unscathed  in  many  battles,  returned  to  Canada, 
entering  the  army  here  as  lieutenants.  The  record  of  Professor  Odium  and  his 
father  as  soldiers  in  the  Fenian  war,  together  with  the  record  of  his  sons,  establishes 
the  valor  and  loyalty  of  the  family.  Professor  Odium  has  two  sons  by  his  second 
wife,  Arthur  George,  and  Oswald  Britson. 

Professor  Odium  is  connected  with  a  number  of  organizations  founded  for 
intellectual  advancement  and  scientific  research.  For  some  time  he  belonged  to 
the  Australian  Science  Association  and  the  Asiatic  Society  of  Japan,  and  was  a 
member  of  the  British  Science  Association  in  Canada  and  also  of  its  main  body 
in  Great  Britain.  He  is  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Colonial  Institute.  He  has  prepared 
and  read  before  these  societies  valuable  and  instructive  papers  which  have  brought 
him  wide  recognition. 

Professor  Odium  spent  the  year  1905  in  central  and  northern  Europe,  con- 
tinuing a  comparative  study  of  ethnology,  botany  and  geology,  which  for  many 
years  have  been  his  chief  scientific  pursuits.  He  made  sojourn  in  western  Russia 
and  the  far  north  beyond  the  Arctic  Circle,  where  he  had  a  rare  chance  to  study 
the  Finlanders  and  Laplanders  and  their  lives  and  habits  in  their  homes  and  villages. 

Toward  the  end  of  this  year,  or  early  in  1914,  Professor  Odium  intends  to 
set  out  on  a  long  trip  around  the  world,  .during  which  he  will  study  ancient  Egypt, 
Persia,  Babylonia  and  Assyria  by  the  help  of  the  modern  races  now  representing 
the  ancients  in  those  countries  and  the  works  of  specialists,  including  those  of  the 
noted  excavators  of  those  regions.  Apart  from  the  continued  study  of  comparative 
botany  and  geology,  he  will  give  special  attention  to  and  make  a  close  examination 
of  ethnology,  especially  as  bearing  upon  the  origin  of  the  British  peoples  who 
inhabited  in  early  times  -the  "Isles  of  the  Blessed"  in  the  north  Atlantic  ocean. 
The  theory  forming  the  basis  of  this  historic  research  is  that  the  early  British 
passed  in  part  through  Europe  and  also  the  south  of  Spain  from  the  regions 
formerly  known  as  Assyria,  Babylonia  and  Armenia. 

The  work  to  which  Professor  Odium  has  given  much  attention  for  thirty-five 
years  and  which  may  justly  be  said  to  be  the  chief  effort  of  his  life  is  an  investi- 
gation along  the  line  of  theistic  science,  the  study  of  God  in  nature.  The  estimate 
which  his  scientific  colleagues  place  on  the  value  of  his  labors  is  manifest  to  some 
degree  in  his  election  as  president  of  the  Arts  and  Science  Association  of  Van- 
couver, which  position  he  filled  for  many  years.  It  might  well  be  said  of  him,  as 
it  was  said  of  an  eminent  man  of  old,  that  "he  has  done  things  worthy  to  be 
"written  and  has  written  things  worthy  to  be  read,  and  by  his  life  has  contributed 
to  the  welfare  of  his  province  and  the  happiness  of  mankind." 


SAM  BRIGHOUSE. 

Sam  Brighouse,  son  of  Samuel  and  Hannah  Brighouse,  was  born  at  Lindley, 
Huddersfield,  Yorkshire,  England,  January  13,  1836.  His  paternal  ancestors 
were  for  generations  residents  of  Huddersfield  and  filled  important  offices  in  the 
gift  of  the  crown  and  the  people.  His  great-grandfather  was  sheriff  of  that 
county  and  his  father,  who  was  a  large  farmer,  was  parish  overseer  and  occupied 
a  position  on  the  board  of  poor-law  guardians.  His  mother's  family,  the  Mor- 
tons, originally  Scotch,  had,  in  the  latter  part  of  the  sixteenth  century  settled  at 
Lindley,  where  they  subsequently  established  the  pottery  industry,  for  which 
that  place  is  so  well  known,  and  which  the  family  still  control.  Our  subject  was 
educated  in  his  native  town  and -at  the  age  of  eighteen  years  took  charge  of  his 
father's  farm,  which  he  continued  to  manage  until  he  left  England.  He  had 
not  himself  formed  any  definite  plan  of  coming  to  America,  as  for  a  young  man 
he  was  prospering  well  at  home,  but  in  consequence  of  a  promise  previously 


SAM  BEIGHOUSE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  345 

made  to  his  cousin,  John  Morton,  he  decided  to  try  his  fortune  in  the  new  world. 
At  this  time  the  fame  of  British  Columbia  was  being  sounded  throughout  Eng- 
land and  the  cousins  determined  to  come  to  this  country.  On  May  8,  1862,  they 
sailed  from  Milford  Haven  for  New  York  on  the  Great  Eastern.  From  New 
York  they  went  to  San  Francisco  via  Panama,  and  from  there  came  to  British 
Columbia,  going  direct  to  New  Westminster,  which  they  reached  late  in  June  of 
the  same  year.  After  remaining  there  a  few  days  they  went  to  the  Cariboo  region, 
by  the  Harrison-Lillooet  route.  They  remained  at  the  mines  only  one  month  owing 
to  the  inclement  character  of  the  season  and  the  fact  that  all  the  best  claims  were 
taken  up.  They  returned  to  New  Westminster  in  October,  having  completed  the 
round  trip  on  foot.  On  the  4th  of  November  they  came  to  the  shores  of  Burrard 
Inlet,  where  the  city  of  Vancouver  now  stands  and  where  they  had,  in  conjunc- 
tion with  William  Hailstone,  purchased  rive  hundred  and  fifty  acres  of  land. 
Here  the  three  partners  passed  the  winter,  having  erected  a  log  house  and  a  small 
barn.  During  the  wet  season  they  worked  hard  at  clearing  the  land.  The  parcel 
of  land  they  then  purchased  is  known  now  on  the  plan  of  Vancouver  townsite 
as  No.  185.  Their  house  was  the  first  white  habitation  erected  on  the  shores  of 
Burrard  Inlet,  and  Mr.  Brighouse  had  therefore  a  clear  claim  to  the  title  of  the 
"oldest  inhabitant."  They  lived  on  good  terms  with  the  Indians  and  only  once, 
and  that  shortly  after  they  came,  was  there  any  attempt  on  the  part  of  the  Indians 
to  commit  theft.  On  this  occasion  they  complained  to  Colonel  Moody,  who  sent 
for  Chief  Capilano,  who  caused  the  stolen  articles  to  be  returned.  Air.  Brig- 
house  brought  the  first  cook  stove  to  the  shores  of  the  Inlet,  carrying  it  on  his 
back.  Shortly  after  settling  in  their  log  house  he  and  Mr.  Hailstone  began  the 
work  of  cutting  a  trail  across  the  peninsula  from  the  site  of  the  old  Sunnyside 
Hotel  to  False  creek,  and  this  they  completed  before  the  beginning  of  the  next 
summer.  In  the  spring  of  1863  the  partners  put  in  a  crop  of  vegetables.  During 
the  same  year  they  leased  a  large  parcel  of  land  on  the  Fraser  river,  where  the 
McLaren-Ross  mill  later  stood  and  farmed  this  in  conjunction  with  their  own  tract. 
In  the  autumn  of  1864  Mr.  Brighouse.  who  had  examined  the  farming  country  in 
the  Fraser  valley  and  had  foreseen  how  valuable  it  must  become,  purchased  six 
hundred  and  ninety-seven  acres  on  Lulu  island,  in  what  is  now  some  of  the  most 
valuable  agricultural  land  in  the  province.  His  land  included  the  site  on  which 
the  town  hall  now  stands.  At  the  time  he  acquired  this  estate  there  were  no 
white  settlers  on  the  island.  In  1864  he  and  his  partners  in  the  Burrard  Inlet 
property  leased  their  farm  and  Messrs.  Morton  and  Hailstone  went  to  California 
Mr.  Brighouse,  however,  remained  in  British  Columbia  and  continued  his  farm- 
ing pursuits  with  ever  increasing  success.  In  1866  he  bought  another  property 
:alled  Rose  Hill,  near  New  Westminster,  and  this  he  made  into  a  dairy  farm. 
This  and  the  Lulu  island  farm  he  continued  to  operate  simultaneously  from  that 
;ime  until  1881.  In  1867  his  lease  of  the  land  where  the  McLaren-Ross  mill 
stood  expired  and  he  did  not  renew  it  owing  to  the  fact  that  he  then  had  all  the 
and  of  his  own  he  could  handle.  He  found  that  the  dairy  farm  at  Rose  Hill 
ind  his  Lulu  island  farm  were  working  together  admirably  so  he  invested  heavily 
n  them.  In  1870  his  barn  on  Lulu  island,  the  largest  on  the  river,  burned  with 
:he  entire  crop.  When  he  got  the  land  well  under  cultivation  he  started  raising 
stock  on  a  large  scale  and  was  especially  anxious  to  improve  the  quality  of  farm 
:attle  in  this  country,  and  through  the  purchase  and  introduction  of  some  thorough- 
bred stock  he  was  very  successful  in  this  direction.  He  served  in  the  second 
:ouncil  of  Lulu  island,  having  been  appointed  by  that  body  to  take  the  place  of 
i  member  who  had  left  the  province.  He  had  been  requested  previously  to  stand 
for  the  council  but  had  always  declined  and  now  only  accepted  at  the  urgent 
solicitation  of  the  councillors.  During  1869  and  1870  Mr.  Brighouse  was  one 
of  the  active  workers  for  the  confederation  with  the  Dominion  but  opposed  the 
idoption  of  the  Dominion  tariff.  In  1881  he  leased  his  farms  on  the  Fraser  and 
returned  to  his  property  on  the  Inlet.  He  found  that  the  persons  to  whom  the 
and  had  been  leased  had  departed  some  time  before,  the  Indians  having  burned 
their  barns  and  stables.  Shortly  prior  to  this  two  hundred  acres  of  this  property 


346  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

had  been  sold,  so  that  there  now  remained  among  the  three  partners  three 
hundred  and  fifty  acres.  Mr.  Brighouse  immediately  began  the  work  of  clearing 
the  land  and  let  contracts  for  that  purpose.  He  felt  confident  that  the  Canadian 
Pacific  Railway  would  be  extended  from  Port  Moody  and  he  realized  how  valu- 
able the  property  had  become.  When  the  extension  of  the  line  was  decided 
upon,  they  gave  one  third  of  their  land  to  the  company,  according  to  agreement, 
and  the  work  of  cutting  the  balance  into  lots  and  building  streets  through  it  was 
at  once  proceeded  with.  Mr.  Brighouse  was  ever  keenly  interested  in  Van- 
couver's progress  and  welfare.  He  was  one  of  the  most  active  workers  in  secur- 
ing the  first  charter,  and  in  1887  he  was  elected  by  acclamation  to  represent  Ward 
I  in  the  city  council  and  accepted  the  position  of  acting  chairman  of  the  board 
of  works.  He  also  sat  in  the  council  during  the  following  year  and  filled  the 
chairmanships  on  the  same  committees  as  in  the  previous  year.  He  was  recog- 
nized as  one  of  the  most  energetic  and  broadest-minded  members  of  the  council, 
and  it  was  largely  through  his  efforts  as  chairman  of  the  board  of  works  that  the 
affairs  of  the  city  were  so  well  conducted.  Mr.  Brighouse  made  two  visits  to 
England  and  in  November,  1911,  made  his  final  trip,  going  to  his  birthplace, 
Huddersfield,  where  amid  the  environment  of  his  childhood  and  many  cherished 
friends  he  passed  quietly  from  this  life,  July  31,  1913. 


ALFRED  EDWIN  GOODMAN. 

Varied  interests  have  claimed  the  attention  of  Alfred  Edwin  Goodman  of 
Vancouver,  British  Columbia,  and  at  all  times  his  efforts  have  been  put  forth 
along  conservative  and  progressive  lines — activities  toward  intellectual  progress, 
for  political  welfare  in  amateur  athletics,  in  literary  pursuits  and  in  military  life, 
and  in  addition  towards  his  material  welfare.  He  is  at  this  time  manager  of  The 
Land  Agencies  Limited,  and  has  been  engaged  through  the  assistance  of  this  com- 
pany and  through  other  sources  in  the  settling  of  enormous  tracts  of  government 
land.  "Back  to  the  land''  has  been  his  slogan  and  in  three  years  nearly  one  thou- 
sand persons,  mostly  young  men,  have  been  thus  induced  to  take  up  more  than 
half  a  million  acres  of  land. 

He  was  born  in  St.  Catharines,  Ontario,  November  2,  1860,  son  of  Edwin 
Goodman,  M.  IX,  and  Elizabeth  Caroline  (Cross)  Goodman  and  was  educated  at 
the  collegiate  institute  at  that  city,  under  the  head  mastership  of  the  father  of 
Chief  Justice  Hunter  of  British  Columbia,  the  chief  justice  being  a  fellow  student. 
This  fact  was  mentioned  to  this  eminent  jurist  recently  and  he  was  also  reminded 
that  although  his  father  was  one  of  the  leading  educationalists  of  that  day,  he 
was  severe  with  the  boys.  The  chief  justice  in  assenting  to  this  statement  said  in 
effect,  that  he  used  to  think  sometimes  that  some  of  the  lickings  he  got  were  not 
so  much  meant  as  a  punishment  for  offences  committed  as  an  example  to  other 
boys  of  what  they  would  get  if  they  did  not  behave  themselves. 

Mr.  Goodman,  like  his  father  and  grandfather  before  him,  had  been  intended 
for  the  medical  profession  and  spent  several  years  fitting  himself  to  take  up 
the  practice  of  that  profession.  His  inclinations  toward  commercial  and  literary 
pursuits,  however,  were  overpowering,  and  he  compromised  with  his  parents 
by  entering  the  services  of  the  Imperial  Bank,  where  he  spent  five  years  in  dif- 
ferent capacities  and  in  several  cities,  in  the  meantime  acting  as  correspondent 
for  newspapers.  He  subsequently  entered  actively  into  the  mercantile  business 
and  became  a  partner  in  the  wholesale  and  retail  grocery  firm  of  John  Nay  & 
Company,  St.  Catharines,  Ontario,  a  partner  with  Maxim  &  Company,  the  senior 
partner  being  a  brother  of  the  famous  inventor  of  that  name,  in  the  book  pub- 
lishing business,  and  an  active  partner  of  W.  Goodman  &  Warner  in  the  stock- 
broking  business  with  offices  at  Hamilton  and  St.  Catharines,  Ontario. 

Every  spare  moment  of  Mr.  Goodman's  time,  however,  was  devoted  to  news- 
paper work,  owing  to  his  love  of  writing,  and  he  gained  local  fame  by  his  versifi- 


ALFRED  E.  GOODMAN 


8 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

cation.  One  work  in  particular  which  brought  him  more  than  local  fame  being 
dedicated  to  the  newsboys  as  a  New  Year's  address,  reviewing  the  world's  hap- 
penings of  the  year  in  verse  with  illustrations.  This  was  placed  on  sale  for 
the  benetit  of  the  newsboys  and  realized  a  handsome  sum  for  them.  In  looking 
over  a  large  scrap  book  in  which  his  early  efforts  have  been  kept  in  the  form 
of  clippings,  it  is  noticed  that  these  verses,  mostly  comical  and  topical,  were 
copied  in  papers  all  over  the  continent. 

In  1891  he  decided  to  devote  all  his  energies  to  his  chosen  calling  and  for 
that  purpose  he  left  the  old  homestead  forever  and  sought  his  fortune  in  the 
far  west,  arriving  in  Vancouver  Ocfober  2y  of  that  year,  thus  becoming  eligible 
for  the  Pioneers  Club,  of  which  he  is  a  member. 

He  sought  and  obtained  employment  with  the  Vancouver  Province  and 
Victoria  Colonist  and  as  a  correspondent  reached  as  high  a  standard  as  in  those 
days  it  was  possible  to  attain,  representing  at  one  time  practically  every  leadin_ 
daily  in  Canada  and  the  United  States,  while  at  the  same  time  writing  editorially 
for  several  trade  journals  in  Winnipeg,  Toronto,  New  York  and  San  Francisco. 

He  has  always  taken  a  keen  interest  in  amateur  sport.  In  his  home  town 
lie  organized  The  Amateur  Athletic  Association  of  St.  Catharines,  Ontario,  an 
institution  fostered  and  encouraged  by  every  adult  male  citizen,  and  which 
lead  to  such  deep  interest  being  taken  in  athletics  that  for  many  years  St.  Cath- 
irines  has  been  famous  for  her  regattas  and  amateur  lacrosse  clubs,  lie  \vas 
ilso  one  of  the  number  instrumental  in  organizing  the  Vancouver  Athletic  Club 
ind  served  for  some  time  on  the  executive.  1  le  assisted  in  the  early  'cjos  in 
irranging  successful  athletic  entertainments  to  financially  assist  the  Vancouver 
^acrosse  Club,  then  champions  of  the  province.  He  boosted  amateur  sport  in 
Vancouver  in  all  the  newspapers  which  would  allow  him  space  and  materially 
issisted  in  upholding  the  good  name  of  the  city  as  a  place  famed  for  good  clean 
imateur  sport  in  every  form. 

In  military  matters  he  took  considerable  interest  having  served  with  the 
Twenty-second  Oxford  Rifles  and  later  as  an  officer  in  the  Nineteenth  Battalion 
Jncoln  Volunteer  militia.  In  politics  he  got  his  baptism  as  press  agent  for  a 
politician,  at  the  time  a  cabinet  minister,  and  later  as  being  chiefly  instrumental 
;n  the  election  of  his  father  to  the  office  of  mayor  of  St.  Catharines,  a  political 
ight  in  which  he  was  campaign  manager.  His  father  was  at  the  time  president 
<>f  the  Conservative  Association,  and,  although  he  always  declined  to  run  for 
parliament,  was  in  the  habit  of  going  to  Ottawa  on  calls  from  Sir  John  McDonald 
;  nd  his  colleagues.  Thus  the  subject  of  our  sketch  has  been  an  ardent  conserva- 
tive all  his  life,  and  in  Vancouver  took  a  prominent  part  in  several  elections.  Per- 
haps when  it  came  his  turn  to  run  for  office  his  experience  in  campaigning  may 
have  stood  him  in  good  stead,  for  when  he  stood  for  alderman  for  Ward  i  in  1909 
he  was  accorded  the  largest  vote  at  that  time  ever  given  to  any  alderman  in  the 
city.  In  the  following  year  instead  of  again  running  for  office  as  his  friends 
urgently  desired  him  to  do,  he  accepted  the  position  of  librarian  of  the  Public 
Free  Library.  He  has  been  a  director  of  the  Art  Historical  and  Scientific  Asso- 
<  iation ;  the  Free  Library ;  the  Canadian  Club  and  several  business  concerns. 

The  real-estate  business  presented  opportunities  for  big  ventures  and  allur- 
ing propositions  and  he  is  now  devoting  almost  his  entire  time  to  business 
enterprises. 

He  is  a  prominent  Free  Mason,  having  been  chiefly  instrumental  in  organiz- 
ing Western  Gate  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  having  been  its  third  master.  He  is 
;  thirty-second  degree  Scottish  Rite  Mason,  being  a  past  presiding  officer  of  the 
]  -odge  of  Perfection  and  also  of  the  Rose  Croix  Chapter,  and  an  officer  in  the 
Consistory  of  that  body,  as  well  as  a  member  of  the  Pacific  Chapter  of  Royal  Arch 
Masons.  He  is  thus  a  worthy  exponent  of  the  basic  principles  of  Masonry,  and 
ii  much  interested  in  the  work  of  organization.  His  religious  faith  is  that 
(i  the  Episcopal  church. 

On  the  I5th  of  April,  1895,  m  Victoria,  British  Columbia,  Mr.  Goodman 
was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Rose  Ellis,  daughter  of  Abraham  and  Catharine 


350  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Ellis.  Mr.  Ellis  is  a  member  of  the  family  of  prominent  bridge  contractors  of 
England  and  Canada.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Goodman  have  one  child,  Edwin  Ellis 
Goodman. 

Thus  it  may  be  said  that  during  twenty-two  years  Mr.  Goodman  has  been 
a  resident  of  Vancouver  he  has  been  active  along  lines  leading  to  intellectual 
progress  and  improvement,  ever  standing  for  those  things  which  contribute  most 
to  the  betterment  of  the  individual  and  the  community  at  large. 


GEORGE  BAILEY  MILNE. 

It  is  significant  of  the  trend  of  modern  times  that  more  and  more  important 
enterprises  are  entrusted  to  the  care  of  young  men  who  are  proving  their 
ability  by  the  excellent  results  which  they  obtain.  Mr.  Milne  is  one  of  the  prom- 
inent younger  business  men  of  this  class  in  New  Westminster,  having  done 
much  by  his  quick  rise  and  rapid  success  to  justify  the  modern  idea.  As  man- 
ager for  G.  B.  Milne  &  Company  he  occupies  an  important  position  in  financial 
circles  of  the  city,  his  work  closely  identifying  him  with  growth  and  expan- 
sion. He  was  born  in  Thornbury,  Ontario,  March  i,  1886,  a  son  of  George 
Wilson  and  Helen  Jane  (Brown)  Milne,  the  former  a  native  of  Paisley,  Scotland, 
and  the  latter  of  County  Sligo,  Ireland.  Both  came  to  eastern  Canada  when 
children  with  their  respective  parents,  their  families  being  among  the  very  first 
settlers  in  the  Georgian  Bay  district.  The  father  of  our  subject  was  a  farmer 
in  eastern  Canada  but  in  February,  1893,  made  his  way  westward  to  British 
Columbia,  where  for  many  years  he  was  employed  by  the  British  Columbia 
Electric  Company.  He  died  in  1911,  being  survived  by  his  wife,  who  still  resides 
in  Vancouver. 

George  15.  Milne  was  but  seven  years  of  age  when  his  parents  removed  to 
Vancouver,  in  which  city  he  received  his  education,  graduating  in  1905  from  the 
Vancouver  high  school.  Discontinuing  his  lessons,  he  then  engaged  in  work  for 
Nichol  Thompson  in  his  machine  shop,  where  he  was  employed  for  about 
eighteen  months.  At  the  end  of  that  time  he  was  offered  a  position  in  the  engin- 
eering department  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  which  he  accepted  and  in 
which  capacity  he  served  until  1910,  when  he  secured  employment  in  the  city 
engineer's  office  in  New  Westminster,  continuing  in  that  connection  until  October, 
1912.  At  that  time  he  became  manager  of  G.  B.  Milne  &  Company,  which  import- 
ant position  he  now  occupies.  Earnest,  capable  and  conscientious  in  the  perform- 
ance of  his  duties,  he  has  already  demonstrated  his  ability  and  exerts  his 
capabilities  to  extend  the  connections  of.  his  firm.  One  of  the  progressive  and 
successful  young  business  men  of  New  Westminster,  he  stands  on  the  threshold 
of  a  career  which  will  not  only  bring  him  individual  prosperity  but  which  will 
doubtless  play  an  important  part  in  the  development  of  the  city  and  prove  of 
benefit  to  the  general  public  as  well. 


DUNCAN  M.  MACFARLANE. 

Among  the  men  of  ability  and  substantial  worth  in  Vancouver  is  numbered 
Duncan  M.  Macfarlane,  who,  in  association  with  his  brother,  controls  a  large 
business  as  a  timber  broker  in  this  city  and  owns  vast  timber  tracts  on  the  main- 
land and  the  island,  their  holdings  aggregating  thirty-three  thousand  acres.  He 
was  born  in  Renfrew  county,  Ontario,  in  1866,  and  is  a  representative  of  a  fam- 
ily which  has  been  known  and  honored  in  that  locality  since  pioneer  times,  his 
father,  Duncan  Macfarlane,  having  received  a  land  grant  from  the  government 
in  1825.  The  elder  Mr.  Macfarlane  had  nineteen  thousand  acres  of  timber  land 
in  Bagot  township,  Renfrew  county,  on  the  Madawaska  river,  and  this  he  held 


DtnSTCAN  M.  MACFARLANE 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  353 

for  forty-four  years.  During  that  time  he  cut  and  manufactured  forty-four 
'afts  of  square  timber,  one  raft  each  year  and  each  raft  containing  from  seventy- 
ive  to  one  hundred  thousand  cubic  feet  of  timber,  which  he  floated  down  the 
Madawaska  to  the  point  where  it  empties  into  the  Ottawa  at  Arnprior  and  thence 

0  the  Quebec  market  by  way  of  the  Ottawa  and  St.  Lawrence  rivers.    He  owned 
ilso  eight  hundred  acres  of  land  in  Bagot  and  McNab  townships,  and  this  he 
cultivated   for  many  years,  having  received  it  as  a  government  grant  in  1825. 
The  land  is  still  in  possession  of  members  of  his  family.    . 

Duncan  M.  Macfarlane  began  his  independent  career  as  an  associate  of  his 

father  and  during  the  five  years  which  he  maintained  this  connection  became 

:horoughly  familiar  with  the  lumber  business  in  principle  and  detail.     He  then 

:ormed  an  association  with  his  brother,  J.  W.  Macfarlane,  and  they  turned  their 

.  ittention  to  lumber  contracting  on  the  Sturgeon  river,  continuing  there  for  about 

'ourteen  years,  after  which,  in  1905,  they  moved  their  interests  to  Vancouver, 

vhere  they  have  since  remained.    They  have  secured  a  large  and  representative 

;>atronage  in  recognition  of  their  fair  and  honorable  methods,  and  their  business 

las   increased   rapidly  as  their   reputation   for   reliability   and   integrity  became 

more  widely  known.    The  year  after  their  arrival  in  Vancouver  they  began  buy- 

ng  timber  lots  on  the  mainland  and  the  island  and  they  now  own  thirty-three 

ihousand  acres  in  different  parts  of  the  province.     They  have  not  cut  any  of  this 

as  yet,  but  contemplate  erecting  a  fine  mill  in  the  near  future.     Both  are  reliable, 

ar-sighted  and  able  men,  and  their  business  interests,  being  carefully  and  capably 

<  onducted,  have  brought  them  a  gratifying  measure  of  success. 

Mr.  Alacfarlane  is  married  and  has  two  sons,  John  Lome  and  Allan  Ross. 
He  attends  St.  Andrew's  Presbyterian  church,  is  connected  fraternally  with  the 
Sturgeon  Falls  Lodge,  No.  447,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  belongs  to  the  Vancouver 
Commercial  Club.  His  political  allegiance  is  given  to  the  liberal  party,  to  which 
i  members  of  his  family  have  belonged  for  the  past  one  hundred  years.  In  Van- 
touver  he  is  recognized  as  a  man  of  progressive  public  spirit,  interested  in  the 
Development  of  the  city  and  anxious  to  do  his  part  in  promoting  progress.  His 

1  usiness  record  also  deserves  commendation,  for  in  this  field  he  has  displayed 
tare  aptitude  and  ability  in  achieving  results,  and  has  at  all  times  employed 
i  lethods  which  will  bear  the  closest  investigation  and  scrutiny. 


SOLOMON  ALEXANDER. 

Vancouver  is  fortunate  in  the  class  of  men  who  have  represented  her  legal 
i  iterests.  On  the  whole  they  have  held  to  high  professional  standards,  recog- 
i  izing  the  fact  that  they  represent  a  profession  which  is  the  conservator  and 
safeguard  of  individual  rights  and  liberties,  life  and  property.  Among  those 
vho  meet  high  professional  requirements  and  whose  course  sustains  the  majesty 
of  the  law  is  Solomon  Alexander,  who  was  born  September  2,  1886,  in  Cape 
Town,  South  Africa.  His  parents  were  Abraham  and  Flora  Alexander,  the 
f  )rmer  one  of  the  first  to  go  into  Johannesburg  in  the  Transvaal  following  the 
discovery  of  gold  there  in  1885.  The  family  is  one  conspicuous  for  strong 
intellectual  force.  He  is  one  of  four  brothers,  all  of  whom  are  barristers.  The 
eldest,  Morris  Alexander,  LL.B.,  is  a  representative  of  Cape  Town  in  the 
federal  parliament  and  one  of  the  leading  members  of  the  bar  of  that  city.  The 
youngest  brother,  Aaron  Alexander,  has  recently  graduated  from  Cambridge 
University,  securing  every  honor  conferred  in  scholarships  at  Cambridge,  and 
has  just  been  appointed  by  the  British  government  as  inspector  of  the  native 
courts  in  Egypt.  His  cousins,  A.  and  B.  Alexander,  are  among  the  most  prom- 
inent barristers  of  Johannesburg,  South  Africa,  and  they  have  four  brothers — 
s  x  in  all — who  are  barristers. 

In  the  public  schools  of  his  native  city  Solomon  Alexander  pursued  his  early 
education  and  later  entered  the  South  African  College  at  Cape  Town,  from  which 


354  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

he  was  graduated  and  won  his  law  degree  in  1906.  The  same  year  he  was 
admitted  as  solicitor  of  the  supreme  court  of  Cape  Colony  and  practiced  law  at 
Stellenbosch,  Cape  Colony,  until  1910,  when  he  came  to  Vancouver.  The  follow- 
ing year  he  was  called  to  the  bar  of  Alberta  and  later  in  the  same  year  to  the  bar 
ot  British  Columbia.  In  July,  1911,  he  entered  upon  the  practice  of  law  in  Van- 
couver with  J.  Edward  Sears  under  the  style  of  Alexander  &  Sears,  and  the  firm  , 
is  now  extensively  engaged  in  general  law  practice. 

Mr.  Alexander  possesses  the  Queen's  medal  for  services  during  the  Boer 
war  in  1899  until  1902.  While  in  South  Africa  he  held  membership  in  a  number 
of  secret  orders.  His  political  faith  is  that  of  the  conservative  party  and  in. 
religious  belief  he  is  a  Hebrew.  He  possesses  a  laudable  ambition  and  the 
energy  and  perseverance  which  should  accompany  it.  He  is  making  gradual 
and  substantial  advancement  and  already  has  gained  creditable  recognition  at  the 
Vancouver  bar. 

HENRY  D.  BENSON. 

A  life  of  xealous  effort  and  well  directed  business  activity  now  enables  Henry 
D.  Benson  to  live  retired  on  his  valuable  farm  of  eighty  acres,  comprising  some 
of  the  best  land  on  the  Delta,  which  he  purchased  in  the  spring  of  1913  and  which 
was  known  as  the  Vasie  farm.  Prior  to  that  time  he  had  resided  on  a  beautiful 
property  embracing  six  hundred  and  forty  acres  of  fertile  Delta  land  in  the 
vicinity  of  l.adner,  but  disposed  of  the  place  in  the  fall  of  1912.  Marked  success 
has  attended  the  endeavors  of  Mr.  Benson,  who  in  connection  with  diversified 
farming  engaged  in  dairying  and  the  raising  of  registered  horses  and  cattle.  Not 
only  is  he  one  of  the  highly  prosperous  agriculturists  of  the  community,  but  he 
lias  figured  prominently  in  local  political  activities  and  has  for  many  years  been 
reeve  of  Delta  municipality.  His  birth  occurred  at  St.  John,  New  Brunswick, 
on  )une  22,  1842,  his  parents  being  John  and  Charlotte  (Vance)  Benson.  He  was. 
there  reared  and  pursued  his  education  in  the  public  schools  until  he  was  a  youth 
of  fifteen  years.  During  the  succeeding  three  years  his  energies  were  devoted 
to  farm  work,  following  which,  in  1860,  he  went  to  Nova  Scotia.  There  he  was 
employed  in  the  mines,  being  one  of  the  first  to  follow  this  vocation  on  the 
peninsula,  until  1864.  In  that  year  he  made  his  way  to  Council  Bluffs,  Iowa,  and 
there  obtained  an  opportunity  to  drive  a  bull  team  across  the  plains  to  Denver, 
Colorado.  He  spent  three  years  in  the  latter  state,  engaging  in  mining,  and  then 
went  by  horseback  to  Wyoming,  thence  to  Idaho  and  later  to  British  Columbia, 
covering  the  journey  by  horseback  and  bull  team.  The  year  1869  marked  his 
arrival,  and  for  a  time  thereafter  he  resided  in  the  inland  districts  but  later 
engaged  in  logging  in  Howe  Sound  and  Burrard  Inlet.  He  followed  this  voca- 
tion for  three  years  but  at  the  expiration  of  that  time,  in  1874,  preempted  one 
hundred  and  sixty  acres  of  wild  land,  on  which  he  remained  for  thirty-eight 
years.  During  at  least  six  months  of  the  year  his  tract  was  under  water,  but 
he  knew  the  soil  to  be  highly  fertile  and  diligently  began  the  construction  of 
dikes.  In  the  summer  he  plowed  a  portion  of  his  tract  and  planted  it,  continung 
to  increase  the  amount  each  year  until  he  had  his  entire  acreage  under  cultivation. 
His  entire  section  of  six  hundred  and  forty  acres  was  inundated  wild  land 
and  demanded  arduous  toil  before  it  could  be  made  cultivable.  Mr.  Benson 
directed  his  operations  in  a  practical  and  systematic  manner,  and  each  year 
marked  a  decided  improvement  in  his  farm.  He  added  to  its  value  as  well 
as  its  appearance  by  the  erection  of  an  attractive  residence,  substantial  barns, 
ample  sheds  and  outbuildings  for  the  protection  of  his  stock  and  grain,  and 
at  various  times  installed  about  his  premises  different  modern  conveniences. 
His  fields  were  brought  under  high  cultivation  and  kept  in  that  state  by  a 
systematic  rotation  of  crops  best  adapted  to  the  soil.  In  connection  with  di- 
versified farming  he  did  some  dairying  and  also  raised  thoroughbred  Clyde 


HENRY  D.  BENSON 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  357 

horses  and  registered  Holstein  cattle.  In  the  fall  of  1912  he  disposed  of  his 
property  and  in  the  following  spring  purchased  the  tract  of  eighty  acres  on 
which  he  resides  at  the  present  time,  now  erecting  thereon  a  handsome  residence 
it  a  cost  of  eight  thousand  dollars  and  also  constructing  barns  and  other  build- 
ings. Reliable  business  methods  diligently  pursued  have  brought  the  desired 
•esults  and  he  is  now  enjoying  the  evening  of  life  in  honorable  retirement. 

Mr.  Benson  has  been  twice  married.  His  first  union  was  with  Miss  Sarah 
Fisher,  of  Nova  Scotia,  who  passed  away  in  1901,  leaving  a  family  of  six  chil- 
dren, as  follows:  Elsie;  Alice,  whose  demise  occurred  in  October,  1906;  Norman 
-lenry ;  Leroy ;  Lottie,  who  died  on  the  I5th  of  June,  1913;  and  Sadie.  In  1902, 
Vlr.  Benson  was  married  to  his  present  wife,  who  in  her  maidenhood  was  Miss 
"arrie  Fisher,  also  of  Nova  Scotia,  and  they  have  become  the  parents  of  one 
•i  laughter,  Gladys. 

Community  affairs  have  always  engaged  much  of  the  attention  of  Mr.  Benson, 
vho  is  public-spirited  in  matters  of  citizenship  and  is  ever  ready  to  contribute 
iiis  quota  toward  forwarding  the  local  interests  or  in  advancing  the  country's 
development.  He  has  figured  prominently  in  the  political  life  of  his  immediate 
district  since  pioneer  days,  having  been  a  member  of  the  first  council  of  the 
Delta,  while  he  has  been  the  incumbent  of  the  office  of  reeve  almost  continually 
;  ince  that  time.  That  he  has  given  satisfactory  service  to  his  constituency  and 
the  community  at  large  in  this  connection  is  evidenced  by  the  length  if  his  term. 
.Jr.  Benson  has  attended  the  Presbyterian  church  since  his  boyhood.  He  has 
i  ow  attained  the  venerable  age  of  seventy-one  years  and  is  living  practically 
letired,  enjoying  in  the  latter  period  of  his  life  the  ease  and  comfort  purchased 
.1  y  a  life  of  thrift  and  labor. 


ALBERT  WILLIAM  CRUISE. 

The  name  of  Albert  William  Cruise  is  a  well  known  one  in  business  circles 
i  i  Vancouver.  He  is  now  president  of  the  Consolidated  Motor  Company,  the 
Archibald  Oarage  Company  and  the  Western  Tire  Company.  His  executive  ability 
i-i  manifest  in  the  successful  conduct  of  each,  and  throughout  the  years  of  his 
•connection  with  the  northwest  the  public  has  recognized  in  him  a  man  whose  enter- 
j  rise  and  business  ability  enable  him  to  conquer  obstacles,  overcome  difficulties 
.;  nd  press  steadily  forward  to  the  goal  of  success.  He  was  born  at  Buctonuche, 
New  Brunswick,  August  4,  1874,  a  son  of  Dr.  William  and  Margaret  M.  (Smith) 
Cruise.  The  father  a  graduate  of  the  medical  department  of  Harvard  University 
at  Cambridge,  Massachusetts,  practiced  his  profession  at  Moncton,  New  Bruns- 
wick, for  many  years,  or  until  1907,  when  he  came  to  Vancouver,  where  he  has 
5  ince  lived  retired. 

When  he  had  completed  the  course  of  study  taught  in  the  grammar  and  high 
.schools  of  Moncton,  New  Brunswick,  Albert  \Y.  Cruise  started  out  in  the  business 
\/orld  as  an  employe  in  the  engineering  department  of  the  Canadian  government 
railway  system  at  Moncton,  where  he  remained  until  1900.  He  next  went  to 
New  York  city,  where  he  was  employed  in  the  engineering  department  ol  the 
New  York  Central  Railroad  Company,  and  subsequently  was  connected  with  the 
Consolidated  Gas  Company  of  New  York.  He  left  that  employ  in  1902  in  order 
t  >  return  to  Canada,  after  which  he  engaged  in  the  theatrical  business  in  eastern 
Canada  until  1907,  when  he  came  to  Vancouver,  where  he  has  since  resided.  On 
1  is  arrival  here  he  engaged  in  the  general  real-estate  and  financial  brokerage 
business  under  the  name  of  A.  W.  Cruise  &  Company,  being  continually  and 
actively  identified  with  that  line  of  activity  until  1912.  His  interests  were  care- 
fally  systematized  and  he  did  an  extensive  business,  winning  a  large  clientage, 
conducting  many  important  realty  transfers,  and  making  judicious  investments 
for  himself  and  others.  While  now  retired  from  active  business  in  that  line, 
he  still  owns  a  large  amount  of  realty  in  city,  suburban  and  farm  lands.  In  1912 


358  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

he  organized  the  Archibald  Motor  Company,  of  which  he  became  the  president. 
The  following  year  this  company  was  succeeded  by  the  Consolidated  Motor  Com- 
pany, the  Archibald  Garage  Company  and  the  Western  Tire  Company,  the  prov- 
ince of  the  first  named  company  being  to  look  after  the  sales  department,  the 
second  after  the  garage  business,  and  the  last,  the  tire  and  accessory  interests. 
The  second  company  has  one  of  the  largest  and  best  equipped  garages  in  Van- 
couver. Mr.  Cruise  is  president  of  all  three  companies  and  has  been  the  strong 
factor  in  the  careful  organization  and  systematization  of  the  business  thus  con- 
ducted. He  early  realized  the  fact  that  success  is  the  maximum  result  secured 
with  minimum  effort,  and  that  this  can  only  be  achieved  through  careful  manage- 
ment and  wise  direction.  He  readily  discriminates  between  the  essential  and  non- 
essential  and  in  discarding  the  latter  and  utilizing  the  former  he  has  made  his 
business  interests  prominent  factors  in  commercial  and  industrial  activity  in 
Vancouver  and  has  won  thereby  gratifying  returns. 

On  the  1 7th  of  June,  1905,  Mr.  Cruise  was  married  to  Miss  Isabel  Chis- 
holm,  a  daughter  of  Colin  C.  Chisholm,  of  Cape  Breton,  Nova  Scotia,  a  member 
of  parliament  from  his  county.  The  children  of  this  marriage  are  Kenneth  A., 
Margaret  E.  and  Audrey.  The  family  home  is  at  Point  Grey  and  Mr.  Cruise  was 
councillor  of  that  municipality  in  1910.  In  politics  he  is  a  conservative,  but  while 
interested  in  the  public  welfare  he  has  not  been  a  politician  in  the  usually  accepted 
sense  of  the  term.  He  feels  that  his  business  interests  are  more  important  and 
his  duty  to  his  family  more  imperative,  and  his  success  shows  that  his  time  has 
been  well  and  wisely  spent. 


JOHN   K.   HICKAIAN. 

One  of  the  more  recent  acquisitions  to  the  commercial  fraternity  of  Nanaimo 
is  John  K.  Hickman,  who  on  March  TO,  1911,  established  a  crockery  and  hard- 
ware store,  in  the  conduct  of  which  he  is  meeting  with  a  fair  measure  of  success. 
He  was  born  in  Staffordshire.  England,  on  the  I3th  of  October,  1859,  and  is  a 
son  of  Tohn  and  Caroline  (Pearson)  Hickman,  who  late  in  life  emigrated  to 
British  Columbia,  passing  their  latter  days  in  Nanaimo. 

The  early  life  of  John  K.  Hickman  was  passed  in  the  vicinity  of  his  birth, 
his  education  having  been  pursued  in  the  schools  there  until  he  had  attained  the 
age  of  ten  years.  His  text-books  were  then  put  aside  and  he  became  a  wage 
earner,  remaining  a  resident  of  England  until  1888.  In  the  latter  year  together 
with  his  wife  and  family  he  took  passage  for  America  with  Nanaimo  as  his 
destination.  Twenty-one  days  were  consumed  by  the  journey,  which  was  made 
by  way  of  Montreal.  Upon  his  arrival  here  Mr.  Hickman  obtained  employment 
as  a  locomotive  engineer  with  the  Vancouver  Coal  Company.  That  he  was 
reliable  and  trustworthy  and  discharged  his  duties  with  efficiency  is  manifested 
by  the  long  period  of  his  connection  with  the  company,  which  continued  until 
his  resignation  in  1910.  While  employed  in  this  capacity  he  established  a 
world's  record  by  loading  the  steamship  Titania,  which  has  a  capacity  of  five 
thousand  eight  hundred  tons  of  coal  in  ten,  eleven  and  twelve  days.  _  It  is  a  task 
which  would  engage  the  services  of  ten  Chinamen,  under  ordinary  circumstances, 
three  days,  and  its  achievement  in  record  time  was  only  made  possible  through 
the  efforts  of  S.  L.  Robbins,  through  whose  intervention  he  was  able  to 
increase  the  efficiency  of  the  methods '  used.  Mr.  Hickman  also  hauled  the 
ballast  to  fill  in  what  is  now  the  main  street  of  Nanaimo.  For  a  time  after 
resigning  his  position  he  took  a  vacation,  but  early  in  the  year  1911,  he  began 
making  preparations  to  engage  in  business  and  on  the  loth  of  March,  opened 
the  doors  of  his  store  to  trade.  His  patronage  has  shown  a  substantial  increase 
during  the  past  year  and  a  half,  and  he  has  every  reason  to  feel  very  well  satis- 
fied with  the  development  of  his  business. 


y  >  <r  jiXT  \ 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  361 


In  the  Old  Crooked  Spire  church  at  Chesterfield,  England,  on  the  22d  of 

September,   1884,  Mr.  Hickman  was  married  to  Miss  Elizabeth   Stead,  and  to 

hem  have  been  born  six  children.     In  order  of  birth  they  are  as  follows :  John 

Ubert,  who  is  twenty-four  years  of  age,  now  in  charge  of  the  engine  his  father 

operated  for  so  many  years  for  the  Vancouver  Coal  Company;  Reginald,  who  is 

wenty-two  years  old  and  engaged  in  the  express  business ;  Herbert,  who  has 

passed   the   twentieth    anniversary   of    his   birth,   in    business    with    his    brother 

Reginald ;   Lillian,  who  is   sixteen  and   at   home ;   Joseph,   who   has   passed   his 

thirteenth  birthday,  attending  school;  Caroline  Gertrude,  who  has  attained  the 

;  ge  of  eleven  years. 

Fraternally  Mr.  Hickman  is  a  member  of  Nanaimo  Lodge,  Xo.  5886, 
].  O.  F.,  of  which  he  is  past  chief  ranger.  He  has  acquired  quite  a  reputa- 
tion locally  as  a  singer,  and  was  a  member  of  the  choir  of  the  Methodist  church 
irom  1888  to  1-891,  while  for  five  years  he  sang  in  the  Church  of  England  and  for 
four  in  St.  Paul's.  He  has  also  taken  part  in  a  number  of  amateur  operatic  per- 
formances, his  voice  in  range  and  quality  being  well  adapted  to  work  of  this 
i  ature.  Like  the  majority  of  his  fellow  countrymen  he  delights  in  outdoor 
sports  of  all  kinds,  but  has  a  decided  preference  for  cricket  in  which  he  takes 
a  keen  delight.  Civic  affairs  engage  his  interest,  and  for  three  years  he  served 
en  the  city  council,  having  been  a  member  of  that  body  when  the  present  water 
system  was  installed  and  various  other  improvements  promoted.  Mr.  Hick- 
nan  is  accorded  the  respect  and  esteem  of  his  neighbors  and  fellow  townsmen, 
as  he  is  a  man  of  sound  principles  and  high  standards,  which  qualities  he  has 
manifested  both  as  a  public  official  and  as  a  private  citizen. 


WILLIAM  SAVAGE. 

William  Savage  is  a  practicing  barrister  and  solicitor  of  the  city  of  Vancouver, 
a  member  of  the  law  firm  of  McLellan,  Savage  &  White.  He  was  born  in  Greens 
Forton,  Northamptonshire,  England,  January  4.  1876.  and  is  a  son  of  Josiah  and 
Ann  (Foster)  Savage,  natives  of  the  same  locality.  The  parents  came  to 
I  ritish  Columbia  in  1889  and  settled  in  Kamloops,  where  the  father  engaged  as 
a  merchant  tailor  until  1905,  when  the  family  moved  to  Vancouver.  Here  he 
resumed  his  former  occupation,  following  it  for  five  years,  after  which  he 
retired  from  active  business  life.  He  still  makes  his  home  in  the  city,  where  he 
h  numbered  among  the  prominent  and  respected  residents. 

William  Savage  acquired  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of  North- 
amptonshire and  later  attended  Columbian  College  at  XTew  Westminster.  For 
two  and  a  half  years  thereafter  he  studied  law  under  E.  P.  Davis,  K.  C.,  and  spent 
a  similar  period  under  the  preceptorship  of  Hon.  Joseph  Martin,  K.  C.  He  was 
c.-'lled  to  the  bar  of  British  Columbia  under  the  regulations  of  the  Law  Society 
o  the  province  both  as  a  solicitor  and  barrister  in  1906  and  immediately  after 
engaged  in  practice  in  Vancouver.  For  six  months  he  remained  alone  but  at 
tl  e  end  of  that  time  formed  a  partnership  with  T.  S.  Baxter,  now  mayor  of  the 
ci:y,  and  L.  B.  McLellan.  After  a  time  Mr.  McLellan  and  Mr.  Savage  purchased 
R  r.  Baxter's  interests  in  the  firm,  later  organizing  the  present  firm  of  McLellan, 
S  wage  &  White.  This  is  one  of  the  strongest  and  most  reliable  legal  firms  in 
Vancouver  and  controls  a  large  and  growing  patronage  connecting  it  with  a  great 
deal  of  important  litigation.  Mr.  Savage  has  made  rapid  advancement  in  his 
cl  osen  profession  and  has  now  the  firm  confidence  of  a  large  clientele. 

In  Salmon  Arm,  British  Columbia,  in  September,  1905,  Mr.  Savage  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  M.  L.  Palmer  and  they  have  three  children,  Helen  Gertrude, 
William  Frederick  and  John  Palmer.  Mr.  Savage  is  a  member  of  the  Sixth 
Avenue  Methodist  church  and  is  an  active  religious  worker,  having  been  for  the 
p;  st  twelve  years  local  preacher.  His  political  allegiance  is  given  to  the  liberal 
ptrty  and  he  is  an  active  worker  in  the  ranks  of  the  local  organization,  aiding 


362  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

in  the  cause  in  all  campaigns  and  at  all  elections  but  never  seeking  office  for  him- 
self. He  has  made  an  excellent  professional  record,  is  interested  and  active  in 
matters  of  public  moment  and,  above  all,  a  courteous  and  upright  gentleman, 
combining  in  his  character  all  of  the  qualities  of  a  desirable  and  useful  citizen. 


GEORGE  R.  SPECK. 

There  is  much  that  is  creditable  in  the  life  record  of  George  R.  Speck,  who 
is  one  of  the  foremost  business  men  of  New  Westminster,  British  Columbia,  for 
at  the  age  of  ten  years  he  was  not  only  thrown  practically  upon  his  own  resources 
but  became  the  main  support  of  his  widowed  mother,  being  the  breadwinner 
of  the  family  by  giving  at  that  tender  age  all  of  his  time  to  the  operation  of  the 
home  farm,  his  father  having  previously  died.  He  is  a  self-made  man  in  the 
truest  and  most  flattering  sense  of  the  word  and  that  he  has  attained  success  in 
business  must  largely  be  accredited  to  the  fact  that  he  has  always  made  it  his 
motto  to  give  his  whole  attention  to  the  nearest  duty  at  hand  and  strictly  and 
everlastingly  pursued  his  efforts  in  the  attainment  of  the  goal. 

Born  in  Grey  county,  Ontario,  February  2,  1877,  Mr.  Speck  is  a  son  of  William 
and  Mary  (Milson)  Speck,  natives  of  Yorkshire,  England.  The  father  came 
to  Canada  as  a  young  man,  while  the  mother  was  brought  to  this  country  by 
her  parents.  Both  families  settled  in  Grey  county,  Ontario,  where  "the  father 
and  mother  subsequently  married  and  continued  their  residence.  The  mother 
is  still  living  in  Grey  county  but  the  father  passed  away  in  1887. 

George  R.  Speck  was  reared  under  the  parental  roof  and  early  grounded  in 
the  old-fashioned  virtues  of  honesty  and  industry.  When  he  was  ten  years  of 
age,  however,  heavy  responsibilities  descended  upon  his  shoulders,  his  father 
dying  at  that  period,  and  he  became  at  that  early  age  the  mainstay  of  his  widowed 
mother  and  the  family.  Soon  after  his  father's  demise  he  took  charge  of  the 
operation  of  the  farm,  subsequently  taking  over  the  whole  management  of  the 
place  and  continuing  in  the  operation  and  cultivation  of  the  homestead  until 
1904,  which  year  marks  his  removal  to  British  Columbia.  Locating  in  New 
Westminster,  lie  accepted  a  position  with  his  brother  Alexander,  who  was  there 
engaged  in  the  mercantile  business,  remaining  in  that  connection  for  two  and 
one-half  years.  Not  content,  however,  to  remain  in  a  dependent  position,  he 
in  1906  set  out  for  himself  and  established  himself  independently  although  he 
had  a  capital  of  but  one  hundred  and  twenty  dollars.  The  confidence  reposed 
in  him  by  others,  however,  enabled  him  to  borrow  four  hundred  dollars  and  he 
then  purchased  of  Thomas  Mobray  a  bicycle  business  for  twenty-eight  hundred 
dollars,  paying  five  hundred  dollars  down  as  the  first  cash  payment.  The 
shrewdness  of  his  judgment  and  his  ability  and  industry,  however,  won  the  day 
and  within  the  short  period  of  fourteen  months  he  had  paid  for  his  business 
in  full  and  had  returned  the  four  hundred  dollars  which  he  had  borrowed.  He 
has  since  added  a  full  and  complete  line  of  sporting  goods  and  by  giving  his 
whole  attention  to  his  affairs  has  built  up  an  extensive  and  profitable  enterprise. 
His  is  one  of  the  leading  concerns  of  the  kind  in  New  Westminster,  which  is 
steadily  increasing  in  representative  patronage.  His  success  is  the.  more  credita- 
ble to  him  as  it  can  be  ascribed  to  no  advantageous  circumstances  but  is  due 
only  to  his  own  indefatigable  efforts. 

In  October,  1899,  Mr.  Speck  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Ethel  Hewitt, 
of  Grey  county,  Ontario,  and  to  this  union  were  born  two  children,  Stanley 
Lloyd  and  Nola  Blanche.  The  family  reside  in  a  handsome  home  at  No.  109 
Third  avenue,  in  New  Westminster,  which  is  the  property  of  Mr.  Speck.  A 
public-spirited  and  progressive  man,  he  takes  an  active  interest  in  all  measures  and 
movements  undertaken  to  benefit  the  city  or  to  promulgate  its  commercial  expan- 
sion, although  he  has  never  cared  to  accept  public  positions.  He  gives  his  sup- 
port to  the  conservative  party,  the  platform  and  principles  of  which  appeal  to 


GEORGE  R.  SPECK 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  365 

!  im  as  the  best  form  of  government  for  the  majority.  Fraternally  he  is  a  mem- 
1  er  of  Amity  Lodge,  No.  27,  I.  O.  O.  F. ;  of  Westminster  Lodge,  No.  630,  C.  O. 
!'. ;  and  Westminster  Lodge,  No.  6380,  L.  O.  O.  M.  The  career  of  Mr.  Speck 
j-hould  be  an  inspiration  to  others  for  it  is  proof  of  the  fact  that  opportunity  waits 
for  all  who  know  how  to  embrace  her  and  that  success  is  but  ambition's  answer. 


ARTHUR  JULIUS  BIRD. 

Arthur  Julius  Bird,  an  architect  actively  engaged  in  practice  in  Vancouver, 
A  ras  born  in  Bradford,  Yorkshire,  England,  July  25,  1875,  a  son  of  Charles  Bird, 
I'..  A.,  F.  G.  S.,  and  Margaret  Wrightson  Bird.  The  father,  a  graduate  of 
t  ic  London  University,  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts,  has  long  been 
recognized  as  an  English  educator  of  prominence  and  was  a  former  head  master 
<;  f  Sir  Joseph  Williamson's  school  at  Rochester,  England.  He  was  an  authority 
<n  geology,  the  author  of  a  number  of  geological  works,  and  was  a  fellow  of  the 
Geological  Society  of  England. 

Arthur  Julius  Bird  pursued  his  education  in  Sir  Joseph  Williamson's  school 
at  Rochester  and  in  1892  was  articled  to  Edward  Burgess,  a  prominent  architect 
t  f  London,  England,  serving  until  1896,  when  he  became  assistant  to  Air.  Burgess 
and  so  continued  until  1903.  In  that  year  he  became  assistant  to  J.  A.  (lotch,  F. 
l\.  I,,  B.  A.,  and  as  such  remained  until  1906,  when  he  entered  upon  an  inde- 
pendent practice  at  Rochester  and  was  thus  engaged  until  1907,  the  year  of  his 
arrival  in  British  Columbia.  He  settled  at  Vancouver,  opened  an  otlice  and 
entered  upon  the  practice  of  his  profession,  in  which  he  has  continued  to  the 
present  time.  He  has  been  eminently  successful,  gaining  a  large  clientage,  and 
s  >mething  of  the  nature  of  his  business  is  indicated  in  the  fact  that  among  other 
buildings  designed  by  him  is  Blenheim  Court,  Washington  Mansions,  Trafalgar 
Mansions,  the  Lotus  Hotel  and  others. 

On  the  2Oth  of  December,  1906,  Mr.  Bird  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
/lice  Edith  Wills,  of  Kettering,  Northamptonshire.  In  politics  he  is  independent, 
nor  does  he  take  active  part  in  political  work.  He  holds  membership  in  the 
I  ress  Club  and  the  Vancouver  Automobile  Club,  and  has  pleasant  association 
v  ith  representatives  of  his  chosen  profession  through  his  membership  in  the 
I  ritish  Columbia  Society  of  Architects.  At  all  times  prompted  by  a  laudable 
a  nbition,  he  has  so  developed  his  native  powers  and  talents  through  continuous 
s'udy  and  experience  that  he  is  now  occupying  an  enviable  position  among  the 
a  'chitects  of  Vancouver. 


KILBURN   K.   REID. 

Kilburn  K.  Reid,  who  since  September,  1919,  has  held  the  position  of  account- 
ant with  the  firm  of  H.  A.  Belyea  &  Company  of  New  Westminster,  was  born 
ii  Centreville,  New  Brunswick,  on  the  iSth  of  May,  1887.  His  parents  were 
Gaorge  and  Elizabeth  (Starrett)  Reid,  both  natives  of  Williamstown,  New 
Brunswick.  The  father,  who  successfully  followed  general  agricultural  pursuits 
tl  roughout  his  active  business  career,  is  now  living  retired  at  Centreville,  New 
Brunswick.  The  mother  is  deceased,  having  there  passed  away  on  the  iSth  of 
August,  1912,  at  the  age  of  sixty-two  years. 

Kilburn  K.  Reid  was  reared  under  the  parental  roof  and  in  the  acquirement 
o:  an  education  attended  the  public  schools  of  Centreville  and  Mount  Allison 
Academy  at  Sackville,  New  Brunswick.  After  putting  aside  his  text-books  he 
was  offered  and  accepted  a  position  as  accountant  with  D.  Fraser  &  Sons,  lumber 
manufacturers  of  Plaster  Rock,  New  Brunswick,  remaining  with  that  firm  for 
about  three  and  a  half  years,  when  he  resigned.  In  December,  1909,  he  came 

Vol.  IV— 13 


366  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

to  British  Columbia,  locating  in  New  Westminster,  and  for  about  eight  months 
was  in  the  employ  of  the  British  Columbia  Electric  Company.  In  September, 
1910,  he  accepted  a  position  as  accountant  with  H.  A.  Belyea  &  Company,  by 
whom  he  had  been  employed  for  a  month  after  his  arrival  in  New  Westminster 
and  in  the  service  of  which  concern  he  has  remained  to  the  present  time.  He  has 
proved  himself  an  able  and  valued  employe  of  the  company  and  is  recognized 
as  a  young  man  of  ability  and  promise. 

On  the  I2th  of  February,  1913,  Mr.  Reid  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Mil- 
dred O'Connor,  a  daughter  of  Arthur  O'Connor,  who  is  deceased.  Fraternally 
he  is  identified  with  the  following  organizations :  Carleton  Lodge,  No.  35,  A-  F. 
&  A.  M.,  of  East  Florenceville,  New  Brunswick;  Westminster  Chapter,  No.  124, 
R.  A.  M. ;  Rockwood  Lodge,  No.  96,  I.  O.  O.  F.,  of  Plaster  Rock,  New  Bruns- 
wick, of  which  he  is  past  grand ;  Waawena  Rebekah  Lodge,  No.  54,  of  Plaster 
Rock,  New  Brunswick,  of  which  he  is  a  charter  member,  and  Harmony  Encamp- 
ment, No.  2,  I.  O.  O.  F.,  of  New  Westminster.  His  religious  faith  is  indicated 
by  his  membership  in  the  Methodist  church,  to  which  his  wife  also  belongs.  The 
young  couple  are  well  known  in  social  circles  and  have  many  friends  in  tha 
community  where  they  reside. 


ROBERT  RUBIE  JONES. 

Robert  Rubie  Jones,  architect  and  builder,  real-estate  and  financial  agent  in 
Victoria,  is  numbered  among  the  young  men  of  the  city  whose  energy,  enterprise 
and  progressive  spirit  are  important  factors  in  the  general  business  growth  and 
expansion.  He  was  born  at  Goodwich,  Pembrokeshire,  South  Wales,  March  5, 
1883,  being  one  of  eight  children  born  to  Richard  and  Jane  Elizabeth  (Rubie) 
Jones.  The  father  is  a  native  of  South  Wales  and  at  one  time  was  employed  by 
the  English  government  as  a  surveyor  on  the  west  coast  of  Africa  and  on  the 
Japanese  coast.  In  later  years  he  was  connected  with  the  customs  service  in 
south  Wales,  retiring  in  1900  and  moving  to  Hastings,  Sussex,  where  he  now 
resides  with  his  wife,  who  is  a  native  of  that  locality.  On  the  paternal  side 
Mr.  Jones'  grandparents  were  natives  of  South  Wales  and  there  the  grandfather 
passed  away  as  the  result  of  an  accident,  in  the  ninety-fifth  year  of  his  age. 
The  grandmother  has  now  reached  the  age  of  ninety-five  and  still  makes  her 
home  in  her  native  country.  On  the  maternal  side  Mr.  Jones  is  of  English  ex- 
traction, his  grandparents  having  been  born  in  Sussex,  that  country. 

Robert  R.  Jones  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Devonshire, 
England,  and  in  Connaught,  County  Mayo,  Ireland.  He  later  took  a  three  years' 
course  under  a  private  tutor  in  Devonshire,  England,  and  also  in  Sussex,  as  his 
ambition  at  that  time  was  to  qualify  as  a  school  teacher.  Owing,  however,  to 
the  scarcity  of  desirable  positions  in  this  field  he  decided  to  prepare  himself  for 
another  line  of  work  and  accordingly  entered  upon  four  years'  course  of  train- 
ing in  draughtsmanship,  studying  in  Eastbourne,  England,  under  the  engineer 
and  surveyor  of  that  city.  This  course  he  completed  in  1902,  receiving  an  honor 
certificate  and  a  gold  medal  which  is  given  only  to  those  with  the  highest  qualifi- 
cations. This  entitled  him  to  become  an  architect  and  he  spent  a  short  time  at 
this  profession,  in  which  he  became  so  proficient  that  in  1903  he  was  sent  to 
Ireland  in  the  capacity  of  manager  of  a  war  department  contractor  engaged  in 
the  erection  of  government  barracks  and  other  structures  in  Limerick,  Tipperary 
and  other  places  in  that  country.  After  eighteen  months,  or  in  the  early  part 
of  1905,  he  emigrated  to  Canada,  locating  in  Moose  Jaw,  where  for  two  years 
thereafter  he  conducted  a  large  and  important  contracting  and  building  business. 
However,  the  severe  winters  in  Moose  Jaw  affecting  his  wife's  health,  he  dis- 
posed of  his  business  interests  in  that  community  and  hearing  of  the  mild  climate 
of  Victoria  and  the  excellent  business  opportunities  there  existing,  he  came  to 
the  city,  where  he  has  since  remained  an  honored  and  highly  esteemed  resident. 


ROBERT  R.  JONES 


'  BRITISH  COLUMBIA  369 

A.  short  time  after  his  arrival  he  engaged  in  the  real-estate  business,  opening 
offices  in  the  Five  Sisters  block  and  remaining  there  until  the  building  was  de- 
stroyed by  fire.  He  then  returned  to  England  on  a  business  and  pleasure  trip, 
•eturning  to  Victoria  at  the  end  of  six  months  and  resuming  his  former  occupa- 
ion,  to  which  he  added  that  of  contracting  and  building.  He  made  his  head- 
[uarters  in  the  Sayward  building  and  here  he  is  at  present  located.  He  makes 
i  specialty  of  building  homes  which  he  sells  at  medium  prices  on  easy  install- 
nents,  but  he  has  also  designed  and  built  many  of  the  larger  residences  and 
Business  houses  in  Victoria.  His  buildings  are  all  convenient  and  adequate, 
-epresenting  the  best  in  workmanship  and  material  consistent  with  the  prices 
charged.  In  addition  to  this  he  makes  it  a  definite  object  to  have  them  artistic 
in  design,  for,  being  an  architect  as  well  as  a  builder,  he  draws  his  own  plans 
^vhich  he  makes  always  attractive  and  pleasing.  He  has  secured  a  large  and 
i  epresentative  patronage  and  this  is  continually  increasing  as  his  business  in- 
1  crests  are  carefully  and  conservatively  managed  and  his  skill  and  ability  have 
1  ecome  widely  known.  His  motto  is  "No  misrepresentation,  many  sales,  reason- 
;  ble  profits,  satisfied  purchasers,"  and  his  adherence  to  these  standards  has  been 
i  lade  possible  by  his  close  application  to  business,  his  thorough  knowledge  of 
tie  building  trade  and  his  ability  to  design  according  to  original  and  practical 
i  leas  and  to  erect  houses  that  strongly  appeal  to  people  of  fair  means  who  de- 
sire to  own  their  own  homes.  His  own  residence,  known  as  Ellesmere,  is  located 
at  No.  1755  Monterey,  North,  and  is  one  of  the  most  attractive  homes  in  Victoria. 

On  the  nth  of  October,  1905,  in  Moose  Jaw,  Saskatchewan,  Mr.  Jones  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Edith  Wickham,  a  native  of  Seven  Oaks,  Kent,  Eng- 
land. Her  parents  were  natives  of  London  and  their  deaths  occurred  when  she 
vas  still  an  infant.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Jones  have  five  children,  Robert  Richard  and 
I  'orothy  Edith,  twins ;  and  Owen  Victor,  Edgar  Desmond  and  Evan  Roy. 

Mr.  Jones  is  connected  with  the  Masonic  fraternity  and  the  Canadian  Order 
of  Foresters.  He  also  belongs  to  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  being 
a  past  chief  patriarch  in  the  encampment  and  also  a  member  of  the  Patriarchs 
Militant.  His  religious  associations  are  with  the  Church  of  England  and  his 
ujright  and  honorable  life  has  been  consistently  in  harmony  with  his  professions. 
A  lover  of  all  kinds  of  outdoor  sports,  he  is  especially  active  in  cricket  and  foot- 
ball and  takes  keen  delight  in  yachting  and  motoring.  His  pet  hobby  is  horticul- 
ture and  he  spends  a  great  many  of  his  leisure  hours  among  his  plants,  in  the  cul- 
tivation of  which  he  has  met  with  remarkable  success  because  he  has  studied  the 
one  for,  judging  by  his  past,  it  will  be  characterized  by  earnest,  persistent  and 
scientific  details  connected  with  the  work  and  made  practical  application  of 
modern  ideas  along  this  line.  He  is  a  young  man  of  force,  ability  and  capacity, 
interested  in  his  profession  and  anxious  to  excel  in  it  and  governed  always  by 
tfe  highest  and  most  honorable  business  standards.  His  future  is  a  promising 
wall  directed  work  and  crowned  by  definite  and  important  attainment. 


DENNIS  E.  WELCHER. 

Dennis  E.  Welcher,  fortunate  in  his  real-estate  investments  and  thus  able 
to  live  retired,  makes  his  home  at  Port  Coquitlam  and  is  numbered  among  the 
v;  lued  and  representative  residents  there.  He  was  born  on  the  I2th  of  March, 
1^59,  in  the  state  of  Michigan,  and  is  a  son  of  Nelson  and  Serepta  Welcher,  who 
were  farming  people  of  Michigan.  Following  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war  in 
the  United  States,  the  father  enlisted  for  service  in  the  Union  army  and  was  killed 
in  battle,  thus  laying  down  his  life  as  a  sacrifice  on  the  altar  of  his  country. 

Dennis  E.  Welcher  was  but  four  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  father's  death. 
H ;  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  state  and  after  leaving 
sc  100!  engaged  in  farming  in  the  Dakotas  and  in  the  state  of  Washington,  contin- 
ui  ig  his  residence  in  the  United  States  until  April,  1896,  when  he  came  to  British 


370  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

Columbia.  He  settled  first  at  Elgin,  later  in  Surrey,  and  in  1897  came  to  Port 
Coquitlam.  He  afterward  spent  a  short  time  in  South  Vancouver,  but  then 
again  came  to  Port  Coquitlam.  For  seven  or  eight  years  he  engaged  in  logging 
and  at  the  end  of  that  time  made  investments  in  land  and  began  farming.  This 
property,  because  of  the  development  work  in  that  locality,  became  very  valuable. 
It  is  situated  three  and  a  half  miles  north  of  Port  Coquitlam  and  when  the  price 
obtainable  was  satisfactory  Mr.  \Yelcher  sold,  realizing  a  handsome  return  on  his 
investment.  He  then  purchased  town  property  and  again  the  wisdom  of  his 
choice  of  a  location  was  shown  in  the  rise  in  values,  which  also  brought  him  a 
good  financial  return. 

On  the  1 8th  of  February,  1894,  Mr.  Welcher  was  married  to  Miss  Adelaide 
Simpson,  a  daughter  of  Matthew  and  Alice  Simpson,  farming  people.  The  chil- 
dren of  this  marriage  are  Alice  May,  Edith  Pearl  and  Gordon  Nelson  Eugene. 
In  politics  Mr.  Wclcher  is  a  liberal.  For  two  years  he  was  councillor  of  the 
municipality  of  Port  Coquitlam  and  also  filled  the  position  of  reeve,  discharging 
his  duties  with  promptness,  capability  and  fidelity.  At  the  present  time  he  is  one 
of  the  aldermen  for  Port  Coquitlam  and  in  this  office  is  carefully  safeguarding 
the  interests  of  the  town.  He  was  likewise  president  of  the  Coquitlam  Agricul- 
tural Society  and  for  ten  years  was  one  of  its  directors,  during  which  period  he 
put  forth  earnest  effort  to  advance  the  interests  of  the  organization  and  the  cause 
for  which  it  stood.  Mr.  Welcher  belongs  to  the  Independent  Order  of  Foresters 
and  his  family  attend  the  Presbyterian  church.  His  life  is  actuated  by  high  and 
honorable  principles  and  he  manifests  a  progressive  and  public-spirited  citizenship 
which  has  made  his  life  work  a  valuable  force  in  the  development,  improvement  \ 
and  upbuilding  of  the  section  in  which  he  lives. 


CHARLES  BENSON  WORSNOP. 

Charles  Benson  Worsnop,  engaged  in  the  real-estate  and  mining  brokerage 
business  in  Vancouver,  was  born  in  the  United  States  although  the  »reater  part 
of  his  life  has  been  spent  on  this  side  of  the  border.  His  birth  occurred  at  Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania,  August  5,  1879,  his  parents  being  Lieutenant  Colonel 
Charles  Arthur  and  Mary  (Benson)  Worsnop.  His  father,  who  is  the  present 
customs  surveyor  of  Vancouver,  was  born  in  Lancashire,  England,  October  18, 
18^8,  and  is  a  son  of  Charles  Barnett  and  Martha  (Bellhouse)  Worsnop,  both  of 
whom  were  natives  of  England.  The  former  was  for  many  years  connected  with 
the  department  of  science  and  art  in  the  South  Kensington  Museum. 

Charles  Arthur  Worsnop  was  educated  in  London  and  in  1876  went  to  Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania,  to  take  charge  of  the  exhibition  for  the  museum  of  science 
and  art  at  the  Centennial  exhibition  held  in  that  city.  He  became  a  resident  of 
Philadelphia  and  remained  there  until  1881,  when  he  removed  to  Winnipeg,  Man- 
itoba, and  later  came  to  Vancouver.  He  entered  business  circles  here  as  city 
editor  of  the  Daily  News  Advertiser  and  was  thus  connected  until  he  secured 
a  position  in  the  Dominion  civil  service.  He  became  connected  with  the  Van- 
couver customs  house  in  1889  and  later  was  appointed  Dominion  customs  sur- 
veyor at  Vancouver,  in  which  capacity  he  has  since  continued.  He  became  a 
member  of  the  militia  in  1881,  joining  the  Winnipeg  Field  Battery  of  Artillery, 
and  in  1883  he  became  lieutenant  of  the  Ninetieth  Battalion  of  Winnipeg  Rifles 
on  the  formation  of  that  organization.  In  1885  he  was  with  his  regiment  in  the 
Northwest  rebellion  and  participated  in  the  engagements  of  Fish  Creek  and 
Batoche.  He  was  also  in  the  operations  against  Big  Bear's  band  and  was 
awarded  a  medal  and  clasp.  On  the  formation  of  the  Garrison  Artillery  in  Van- 
couver in  1894  he  became  captain  and  subsequently  was  promoted  to  major,  while 
in  1897  he  became  lieutenant  colonel,  commanding  the  second  battalion  of  the 
Fifth  Regiment  of  Garrison  Artillery.  In  1899  the  battalion  became  the  Sixth 
Regiment,  Duke  of  Connaught's  Own  Rifles,  and  on  the  expiration  of  his  term 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  371 

Colonel  Worsnop  was  transferred  to  the  corps  reserve.  He  wedded  Mary  Ben- 
son, a  daughter  of  Colonel  Benson  of  Petersboro,  Ontario. 

Charles  Benson  Worsnop  pursued  his  education  in  the  public  and  high  schools 
>f  Vancouver  and  at  the  old  Whetham  College  of  that  city.  He  afterward 
entered  the  employ  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  in  the  passenger  department 
is  assistant  purser  of  the  steamship  Empress  of  China,  since  wrecked  in  Japanese 
vaters.  This  position  took  him  several  times  to  China.  In  1898  he  became  junior 
i  lerk  in  the  Imperial  Bank  of  Canada  at  Vancouver,  continuing  in  that  capacity 
'intil  1902,  when  he  resigned,  having  been  advanced  to  paying  and  receiving  teller, 
n  that  year  he  became  bookkeeper  for  the  Vancouver  Breweries,  Ltd.,  and  was 
apidly  advanced,  becoming  a  director  and  finally  managing  director,  in  which 
i  apacity  he  continued  until  1910  and  then  resigned.  In  that  year  he  formed  a 
partnership  with  C.  Elting  Merritt,  of  whom  more  extended  mention  is  made  on 
another  page  of  this  work.  Under  the  firm  style  of  Merritt  &  Worsnop  they  en- 
gaged in  the  real-estate  and  mining  brokerage  business,  and  in  this  connection 
they  gained  a  liberal  clientage.  They  conduct  an  extensive  real-estate  business 
;  nd  are  thoroughly  conversant  with  property  values.  Both  members  of  the  firm 
;  re  young  men,  wide-awake,  alert,  energetic,  who  recognize  the  possibilities  in  the 
business  situation  here,  and  are  ever  ready  to  utilize  and  improve  them. 

The  record  of  .Mr.  Worsnop  is  a  verification  of  the  old  adage :  "Like  father 
like  son,"  for  he  has  always  been  active  in  military  service.  He  joined  the  Fifth 
Canadian  Garrison  Artillery  in  1895  and  was  one  of  the  representatives  of  British 
Columbia  and  sergeant  in  charge  of  the  Garrison  Artillery  at  the  Queen's  diamond 
jubilee  celebration.  In  1897  he  passed  the  necessary  examinations  and  was  pro- 
i  loted  to  second  lieutenant  of  artillery.  He  served  as  lieutenant  in  the  Fifth 
(western)  Regiment  of  Canadian  Mounted  Rifles  in  the  South  African  war, 
returning  to  Vancouver  on  the  declaration  of  peace  in  1902.  He  was  promoted 
t  >  captain  and  served  with  that  rank  in  the  Sixth  Regiment,  Duke  of  Connaught's 
( >wn  Rifles,  until  he  became  a  member  of  the  corps  of  reserve. 

Since  his  boyhood  Mr.  Worsnop  has  been  active  in  athletics.  He  rowed  as 
j  inior  and  senior  of  the  crews  of  the  Vancouver  Rowing  Club,  taking  part  in 
many  of  the  shell  and  barge  races  in  which  that  club  participated.  He  is  also  a 
Kugby  football  player  of  more  than  local  reputation,  having  played  for  a  long 
period  of  years.  He  was  a  member  of  the  British  Columbia  rugby  team  which 
played  a  series  of  matches  with  the  famous  New  Zealand  All  Blacks  on  its  trip 
to  America.  After  Mr.  Worsnop  ceased  to  take  an  active  part  in  the  play  he 
c  mtinued  his  interest  in  rugby  as  a  coach  and  has  been  especially  helpful  to  the 
younger  players,  and  during  the  past  year  has  had  forty  boys  under  his  direction. 
/  side  from  this  he  is  a  member  of  the  Western  Club,  Shaughnessy  Heights  Golf 
Club,  and  the  Vancouver  Golf  and  Country  Clubs.  He  is  also  a  life  member  of 
the  Vancouver  Rowing  Club. 

On  the  5th  of  March,  1909,  Mr.  Worsnop  was  married  to  Marion  Coburn,  of 
Seattle,  Washington.  He  stands  at  all  times  for  progress  and  improvement  and 
h.s  efforts  have  tended  toward  perfection  in  the  sports  in  which  he  is  interested, 
in  his  military  activities  and  in  his  business  career. 


ARTHUR  M.  INSLEY. 

Among  the  most  progressive,  enterprising  and  successful  of  the  younger 
generation  of  business  men  in  New  Westminster  is  Arthur  M.  Insley,  manu- 
facturer of  rubber  stamps,  self-inking  stamps,  notary  seals,  etc.,  with  head- 
q  larters  in  the  Ginchon  block.  He  is  a  native  son  of  the  city,  born  August  6, 
1^78.  His  mother,  who  was  in  her  maidenhood  Miss  Marina  Morey,  was  born 
a  >oard  ship  near  the  Falkland  islands  while  her  parents  were  voyaging  from 
E  ngland  to  Canada.  Her  father,  Jonathan  Morey,  was  a  member  of  the  royal 
engineering  corps  sent  out  by  England  to  colonize  British  Columbia  and  he  aided 


372  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

in  the  construction  of  the  five  hundred  miles  of  road  into  the  Cariboo  country. 
After  two  years  of  able  service  he  resigned  from  the  corps  and  for  a  number 
of  years  thereafter  was  a  guard  at  the  penitentiary.  His  daughter,  the  mother  of 
the  subject  of  this  review,  makes  her  home  in  Berkeley,  California. 

Arthur  M.  Insley  was  reared  at  home  and  acquired  his  education  in  the 
public  and  high  schools  of  New  Westminster.  In  1893  he  laid  aside  his  books 
and  became  connected  with  the  stationery  and  book  store  conducted  by  H.  Morey 
&  Company,  with  whom  he  was  identified  for  twenty  years  thereafter.  In  the 
spring  of  1913,  however,  he  resigned  his  position  and  on  May  I  established  his 
present  business  concern.  He  manufacturers  all  kinds  of  rubber  stamps,  self- 
inking  stamps  and  notary  seals  and  has  developed  a  large  business  along  this 
line,  the  basis  of  his  success  lying  in  his  organizing  ability,  his  sound  and  practical 
judgment  and  his  modern  and  progressive  business  ideas. 

On  the  4th  of  June,  1912,  Mr.  Insley  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  A. 
Marion  Eraser,  a  daughter  of  the  late  Captain  Alexander  M.  Fraser,  in  his  earlier 
years  captain  on  deep  sea  vessels  and  later  marine  engineer,  residing  in  New 
Westminster.  He  was  well  known  in  fraternal  circles  as  the  founder  of  King  Sol- 
omon Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  was  prominent  and  active  in  the  affairs  of  the 
Masonic  organization.  Airs.  Insley  is  a  descendant  of  Captain  Simon  Fraser,  the 
discoverer  and  first  navigator  of  the  Fraser  river,  which  has  been  named  in  his 
honor.  His  bust  stands  in  Albert  Crescent,  New  Westminster.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Insley  are  members  of  the  Church  of  England  and  Mr.  Insley  is  well  known  in 
religious  circles,  being  sidesman  in  St.  Helen's  church,  this  city.  He  belongs  to 
the  Sons  of  England  and  the  Native  Sons  of  British  Columbia  and  he  is  well 
known  in  this  city,  where  he  is  respected  by  his  business  associates  and  held  in 
high  regard  by  all  who  come  in  contact  with  him. 


WILLIAM  ATKINSON  LEWTHWAITE. 

Among  the  active  business  men  of  Victoria  is  numbered  William  A.  Lewth- 
waite.  dealer  in  farm  lands.  He  was  born  September  2,  1867,  in  Cumberland, 
England,  and  is  the  second  eldest  of  eight  sons  in  a  family  of  twelve  children,  his 
parents  being  George  and  Margaret  (Atkinson)  Lewthwaite,  who  were  also 
natives  of  Cumberland.  The  father  was  a  landowner  there  and,  his  death  occurred 
in  June,  1912,  when  he  had  reached  the  age  of  seventy-six  years.  His  wife  sur- 
vives and  is  now  residing  in  London. 

W.  A.  Lewthwaite  was  educated  in  the  Gigleswick  grammar  school  in  York- 
shire, England,  and  came  to  Canada  in  June,  1884,  at  which  time  he  took  up  his 
abode  at  Indian  Head,  Saskatchewan.  He  was  then  a  young  man  of  seventeen 
years.  For  about  a  year  after  his  arrival  he  was  engaged  in  agricultural  pursuits 
and  subsequently  followed  various  occupations  until  1893.  He  next  located  in 
Vancouver  and  his  previous  success  in  his  undertakings  enabled  him  to  engage 
in  the  wholesale  produce  business.  He  also  took  over  the  boarding  contract  of  the 
Pacific  division  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  which  he  held  from  1894  until 
1902.  Returning  to  Saskatchewan,  Mr.  Lewthwaite  then  engaged  in  the  coloniza- 
tion of  the  lands  of  that  province,  with  headquarters  at  Minneapolis,  until  1906. 
He  followed  practical  methods  in  bringing  to  the  people  of  the  States  a  knowledge 
of  the  value,  worth  and  possibilities-  of  the  Saskatchewan  lands  and  his  efforts 
were  an  important  element  in  advancing  the  settlement  of  that  part  of  the  country. 
In  1906  he  promoted  the  Nechaco  Valley  Land  Company,  Ltd.,  of  which  he  is 
still  managing  director.  The  company  specializes  in  farm  lands  in  the  central 
valleys  of  British  Columbia,  its  object  being  to  acquire  the  lands  and  in  many 
cases  improve  them  so  that  they  can  be  utilized  at  once  for  farming  purposes 
by  incoming  settlers.  Mr.  Lewthwaite  was  also  prominently  identified  with  the 
Luse  Land  Company,  of  St.  Paul,  from  1904  until  1906,  that  company  doing 
colonization  work  on  a  very  extensive  scale,  their  chief  points  of  operation  being 


WILLIAM  A.  LEWTHWAITE 


GEORGE  W.  LEDIXGIIAH 


s>H>tyJ^ 

BRITISH  COLUMBIA  383 

.Steele,  until  1901,  when  he  returned  to  Vancouver,  remaining  for  a  year.  In 
1902  he  reenlisted  in  the  Fifth  Canadian  Mounted  Rifles  and  served  until  the 
-end  of  the  war,  receiving  his  honorable  discharge  as  senior  sergeant  of  D  Troop. 
He  participated  in  many  hard-fought  battles,  enduring  many  hardships,  and  could 
-ever  be  found  in  the  front  ranks  of  those  brave  and  courageous  boys  who  had 
gone  forth  to  preserve  the  unity  of  South  Africa  and  to  maintain  the  prestige  of 
the  empire.  Mr.  Ledingham  then  returned  to  Vancouver,  occupying  himself 
.along  various  lines  and  waiting  for  the  right  chance  to  present  itself  for  a  suc- 
cessful career.  In  1905  he  entered  the  employ  of  the  city  government  as  fore- 
man of  concrete  construction  work  and  continued  in  that  capacity  for  two  years, 
when  he  formed  a  partnership  with  Thomas  Scott,  city  superintendent  of  con- 
•crete  construction  work.  They  not  only  engaged  merely  as  home  builders,  how- 
ever, but  early  recognizing  the  possibilities  of  the  cement  business,  followed  it 
in  this  city,  which  then  entered  upon  a  term  of  development  which  has  lasted 
to  this  day  and  has  by  no  means  reached  its  end.  For  some  time  Mr.  Scott  and  Mr. 
Ledingham  were  familiar  figures  on  work  undertaken  for  the  city,  but  after  four 
•or  five  years  devoted  to  hard  work  Mr.  Scott,  having  turned  his  earnings  into  real 
estate,  retired  and  prepared  for  a  trip  to  Kngland.  During  those  four  or  five 
years  the  firm  laid  the  foundation  of  their  present  extensive  business. 

Mr.  Ledingham  did  not  follow  the  example  of  his  partner,  having  other  am- 
bitions for  himself.  For  two  seasons  he  carried  on  the  work  alone  and  then 
.admitted  to  a  partnership  C.  K.  Cooper,  A.  M.  C.  S.,  C.  K.,  who  had  served  the 
•city  for  several  years  and  also  acted  as  consulting  engineer  in  South  Vancouver. 
Ever  since  the  firm  of  Ledingham  &  Cooper  has  been  in  business,  and  as  time 
has  passed,  its  contracts  have  grown  in  size  and  importance.  They  successfully 
handled  a  sewer  contract  in  Point  Grey,  necessitating  an  expenditure  of  one  hun- 
dred thousand  dollars,  and  a  contract  of  the  same  value  on  Hastings  street.  Van- 
couver. They  also  had  a  large  contract  on  Keefer  street,  this  city,  and  one 
•exceeding  fifty  thousand  dollars  on  Hornby  street.  Ledingham  &  Cooper  have  laid 
many  miles  of  concrete  sidewalk  in  the  past  years.  During  the  time  that  he  was 
alone  he  put  down  something  like  one  hundred  miles,  besides  carrying  out  other 
important  projects.  They  also  have  the  railroad  contract  for  eleven  miles  on 
Cowichan  Lake  for  the  Canadian  Northern  Railway.  Ledingham  &  Cooper 
employ  a  large  number  of  men  and  always  make  efforts  to  obtain  the  best  which 
can  be  possibly  secured.  Their  equipment  is  most  up-to-date  and  their  machin- 
ery of  the  latest  pattern.  The  enormous  and  profitable  business  which  they  now 
conduct  has  come  to  them  on  merit  alone,  and  the  prosperous  condition  of  the 
firm  is  largely  due  to  the  efforts  and  the  ability  of  Mr.  Ledingham.  The  busi- 
ness office  of  the  firm  is  maintained  at  16-17  Inns  of  Court  building.  The  firm 
of  Ledingham  &  Cooper  is  keeping  its  foremost  place  amid  a  healthy  yet  severe 
competition,  and  that  it  maintains  its  place  is  largely  due  to  the  experience  of 
Mr.  Ledingham,  which  he  gained  as  a  capable  foreman,  and  the  knowledge  of 
Mr.  Cooper  as  a  civil  engineer.  There  could  be  no  men  more  fit  than  these 
two  in  executing  any,  even  the  most  intricate  or  extensive  contract.  The  reputa- 
tion which  both  enjoy  is  also  evidence  of  the  high  opinion  in  which  both  men 
are  held  by  those  who  are  able  to  judge.  There  has  never  been  a  time  when 
cement  work,  as  put  down  by  Ledingham  &  Cooper,  has  been  so  much  in  demand 
in  Vancouver  as  now,  and  there  is  every  assurance  that  the  present  demand  will 
not  only  continue  but  increase.  The  demand  for  cement  sidewalks  and  cement- 
paved  streets  is  growing  with  the  development  of  the  province  and  with  the  in- 
crease of  traffic  in  the  city  streets,  and  good  streets,  well  paved,  are  absolutely 
essential  to  take  care  of  the  increased  traffic.  That  Mr.  Ledingham's  work,  there- 
fore, is  not  only  accruing  to  his  own  benefit  but  is  of  vast  importance  to  the  city, 
and  a  factor  in  its  growth,  is  self-evident. 

At  Chesley,  Ontario,  on  Christmas  day  of  1903,  Mr.  Ledingham  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Helen  Maud  Reavely,  a  daughter  of  James  G.  and  Margaret 
(Grant)  Reavely,  the  former  a  native  of  the  lowlands,  having  been  born  at 
Berwick.  Scotland,  and  the  latter  at  Aberdeen.  They  came  to  Canada  with  their 


384  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

respective  parents,  the  father's  parents  settling  near  Dundas,  Beverly  township, 
Ontario,  while  the  parents  of  the  mother  made  location  where  the  city  of  Hamil- 
ton now  stands.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Reavely  were  married  in  1870.  The  father  in 
the  beginning  of  his  career  was  engaged  in  farming  at  Beverley,  Ontario,  as  a 
boy  and  in  1857,  at  the  age  of  seventeen,  moved  to  Gray  county,  that  province, 
where  he  continued  along  agricultural  lines  until  1886,  when  he  moved  to  Ches- 
ley,  where  he  engaged  in  the  woolen  mill  business  for  ten  years.  He  then  en- 
gaged in  the  furniture  and  undertaking  business,  being  so  profitably  occupied 
until  1912,  when  he  retired  from  active  work.  The  mother  of  Mrs.  Ledingham 
passed  away  in  1911. 

Mrs.  Ledingham,  after  completing  her  education,  engaged  for  some  time  in 
school  teaching  and  then  became  assistant  to  her  father  in  the  furniture  and 
undertaking  business.  She  holds  two  diplomas  for  a  commercial  course  and  has 
the  unique  distinction  of  holding  a  diploma  for  embalming  having  assisted  her 
father  in  that  work  up  to  the  time  of  her  marriage.  She  has  decided  business 
qualifications  and  is  a  great  help  to  her  husband,  who  discusses  with  her  often 
his  business  transactions  and  profits  by  her  sound  advice.  An  excellent  wife  and 
mother,  she  has  created  a  home  atmosphere  which  is  happy  in  every  respect  and 
she  hospitably  c'ntertains  the  many  friends  of  the  family.  She  is  popular  in  social 
circles  on  account  of  her  many  accomplishments  and  is  a  favorite  in  the  best 
homes  of  the  city.  She  is  also  active  in  charitable  work  and  in  connection  with 
the  Presbyterian  church  does  much  toward  alleviating  the  needs  of  the  poor 
and  unfortunate.  She  is  a  member  of  the  Canadian  Order  of  Chosen  Friends. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ledingham  have  three  children,  Eula  Winifred,  Bruce  Reavely 
and  lilen  Wallace. 

It  is  but  natural  that  a  man  who  is  so  closely  connected  with  the  upbuilding 
of  the  city  as  Mr.  Ledingham  should  have  branched  out,  and  he  is  today  con- 
nected with  various  important  financial  interests  which  not  only  are  important 
as  to  the  profits  they  return  to  the  stockholders  but  in  the  growth  and  expansion 
of  the  city.  Jn  politics  Mr.  Ledingham  is  a  liberal  and,  although  he  has  never 
found  time  to  actively  participate  in  the  affairs  of  the  government,  is  ever  inter- 
ested in  matters  that  affect  the  public  welfare.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Imperial 
Life  Association  and  an  ex-treasurer  and  member  of  Vancouver  Lodge,  No. 
1328,  Independent  Order  of  Foresters.  He  has  always  shown  a  marked  fond- 
ness for,  and  has  appreciated,  the  value  of  athletic  exercise  and  is  president  of 
the  Mount  Pleasant  Presbyterian  Athletic  Club.  Like  his  wife,  he  is  a  member 
of  the  Presbyterian  church.  A  man  of  wide  experience  in  business,  thoroughly 
familiar  with  local  conditions,  and  of  that  progressive  western  type  of  the  Cana- 
dian empire  builder,  Mr.  Ledingham  has  become  one  of  the  commanding  figures 
in  the  life  of  Vancouver  and  has  made  for  himself  a  name  which  is  inseparably 
interwoven  with  the  growth  of  the  Terminal  City. 


SIMON  JOHN  TUNSTALL,  B.  A,  M.  D.,  C.  M. 

Exacting  are  the  requirements  of  the  medical  profession.  If  a  lawyer  be 
brusque  and  crabbed  we  are  apt  to  regard  it  as  the  result  of  keen  application 
to  professional  duties;  if  a  minister  holds  himself  aloof  we  feel  it  is  because  he 
is  engaged  in  the  contemplation  of  things  beyond  the  common  ken,  but  a 
practitioner  of  medicine  must,  according  to  public  demand,  be  ever  genial  and 
sympathetic  as  well  as  learned  in  the  science  which  forms  the  basis  of  his  profes- 
sional service.  Dr.  Simon  John  Tunstall  is  one  who  fully  meets  the  requirements 
of  the  profession,  and  comprehensive  study,  careful  analysis  and  broad  experi- 
ence have  placed  him  with  the  eminent  practitioners  of  the  northwest,  his  ability 
being  attested  by  colleagues  and  contemporaries.  For  more  than  thirty  years 
he  has  been  active  in  practice  in  British  Columbia,  and  since  1892  he  has  been 
permanently  located  in  Vancouver. 


SIMON  J.  TUNSTALL 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

A  native  of  Quebec,  Dr.  Tunstall  was  born  at  St.  Anne  de  Bellevue,  Septem- 
ber 19,  1852,  and  is  a  son  of  Gabriel  Christie  and  Jessie  (Eraser)  Tunstall, 
both  of  whom  were  natives  of  Montreal  and  were  descended  from  pioneer  fam- 
ilies identified  with  the  early  history  of  the  province.  In  the  paternal  line  the 
ancestry  can  be  traced  to  the  Rev.  Mr.  Tunstall,  one  of  the  first  rectors  of  Christ 
church,  Montreal,  and  chaplain  to  the  military  forces  in  Canada  in  the  early  part 
of  the  nineteenth  century  He  is  also  descended  from  General  Gabriel  Christie 
whose  daughter  became  the  wife  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Tunstall.  General  Gabriel 
Christie  was  colonel  of  the  Royal  Americans  and  was  second  in  command  for 
General  Amherst  when  Yaudreuil  surrendered  Canada  to  the  Hritish  Empire. 
Through  General  Christie,  Dr.  Tunstall  was  a  co-seignior  of  the  seigniory  of 
Lacolle  and  de  Beaujeu.  On  the  maternal  side  his  great-grandfathers  were 
Major  Eraser,  who  as  major  of  the  Eraser  Highlanders  was  present  at  the  cap- 
ture of  Quebec  under  Wolfe;  and  Donald  McKay,  one  of  the  United  Empire 
Loyalists  who  left  estates  in  Albany.  New  York,  to  follow  the  flag  in  Canada. 
The  maternal  grandfather,  Simon  Eraser,  was  one  of  the  chief  factors  of  the 
Honorable  Northwest  Company  and  bis  brother,  Thomas  Eraser,  was  an  officer 
in  the  Royals  and  acted  as  aide-de-camp  to  the  Duke  of  Kent  when  lie  was  in 
command  of  the  forces  in  Canada.  Thomas  Eraser  rose  to  prominence  in  mili- 
tary circles  and  died  while  serving  as  a  major  general  in  India. 

After  attending  the  high  school  at  Montreal  Dr.  Tunstall  prepared  for  the 
practical  of  medicine  at  McGill  University,  Montreal,  lie  first  pursued  the 
classical  course  in  that  institution,  winning  his  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  in  1873 
and  in  1875  the  degree  of  M.  D.  and  C.  M.  During  bis  scholastic  career  he  gained 
numerous  honors,  having  won  the  Davidson  gold  medal  at  the  high  school,  taken 
the  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  with  first  rank  honors,  and  during  his  medical  course 
received  a  prize  for  his  primary  year,  while  the  Holmes  gold  medal  was  conferred 
upon  him  as  the  first  of  his  year  in  his  graduating  class. 

Dr.  Tunstall  located  for  practice  at  Papineauville,  Quebec,  where  he  remained 
for  four  years,  subsequently  spending  a  year  in  Montreal  before  coming  to  Brit- 
ish Columbia  in  1881.  He  practiced  for  two  years  in  Lytton  and  for  nine  years 
was  at  Kamloops,  where  he  was  in  charge  as  medical  attendant,  of  a  large  num- 
ber of  men  during  the  construction  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad.  In  1892 
he  came  to  Vancouver  and  has  since  enjoyed  a  distinctively  representative  and 
remunerative  practice.  His  ability  has  gained  him  recognition  as  one  of  the 
ablest  representatives  of  the  profession  of  the  northwest.  Aside  from  private 
practice  he  has  participated  actively  in  a  wide  range  of  professional  and  public 
affairs.  He  has  served  as  president  of  the  College  of  Physicians  and  Surgeons 
)f  British  Colurnbia,  is  a  past  president  of  the  Canadian  Medical  Association,  and 
for  a  number  of  years  was  director  and  also  served  on  the  building  committee 
jf  the  new  Vancouver  General  Hospital.  He  is  a  past  president  of  the  Caledon- 
ian and  St.  Andrew's  Society  and  is  past  president  of  the  Veterans'  Association 
}f  Vancouver. 

On  the  22d  of  September,  1885,  Dr.  Tunstall  was  married  to  Miss  Marianne 
t.awson  Innes,  a  daughter  of  James  B.  Innes,  for  many  years  a  crown  navy 
)fficer,  located  at  Esquimalt.  The  five  daughters  of  this  marriage  are :  Janet 
Vlarianne,  the  wife  .of  P.  A.  O.  Samkey,  a  prominent  wholesale  merchant  and 
mporter  of  Vancouver;  Marjorie  Katharine,  the  wife  of  J.  Browne,  of  the  firm 
)f  Evans,  Coleman  &  Evans,  Ltd. ;  Dorothy  Ella,  the  wife  of  Clarence  O'Brien, 
a  prominent  barrister  of  Vancouver;  Gwendoline  Louise  and  Ruth  Elizabeth 
7raser,  both  at  home. 

The  family  attend  the  Church  of  England  and  Dr.  Tunstall,  active  in  its 
membership,  has  at  various  times  served  as  church  warden  and  lay  delegate  to 
the  synod.  He  is  well  known  in  Masonic  circles,  having  for  many  years  been 
identified  with  the  craft,  while  in  the  lodges  of  his  local  connections  he  has 
passed  all  the  chairs.  He  still  retains  his  membership  in  Kamloops  Lodge,  No. 
;  o,  and  in  the  Royal  Arch  Chapter,  of  Kamloops.  He  is  a  past  provincial  prior 
of  the  Knights  Templar  and  a  member  of  the  Shrine.  He  has  membership  in 


388  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

the  Vancouver,  Jericho  Country  and  United  Service  Clubs.  He  has  recently- 
returned  from  a  several  months'  trip  abroad.  This  was  his  first  trip  to  the  old 
home  in  England  and  Scotland.  He  was  welcomed  royally  in  every  home,  which 
added  greatly  to  the  impressiveness  of  the  trip,  which  was  a  most  enjoyable  oner 
comprising  visits  to  many  of  the  old  historic  points  as  well  as  all  the  art  centers 
and  the  scenes  of  the  modern  interests  throughout  Europe.  He  is  a  gentleman 
of  broad  culture  and  scholarly  attainments  and  his  companionship  is  an  inspira- 
tion to  deeper  interest  in  the  better  things  of  life. 


JOHN  GORDON. 

One  of  the  progressive  and  ambitious  young  men  of  New  Westminster  is- 
John  Gordon,  a  son  of  George  and  Isabella  (Grant)  Gordon,  of  whom  more 
extended  mention  is  made  in  another  part  of  this  work,  and  a  native  of  Petrolia, 
Ontario,  where  he  was  born  December  8,  1874.  Although  Mr.  Gordon  has  given 
much  of  his  time  to  agricultural  pursuits  he  has  of  late  considered  a  legal  career 
and  at  present  entertains  plans  for  pursuing  a  law  course  and  establishing  himself 
along  that  line.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Middlesex  and  Bruce- 
counties,  Ontario,  and  at  the  Port  Elgin  high  school,  completing  his  education. 
with  a  business  course  at  Owen  Sound  at  the  early  age  of  sixteen  years,  a  fact 
which  stamps  him  as  a  man  of  more  than  ordinary  mental  powers  and  ready  per- 
ception, lie  began  to  earn  his  first  wages  in  connection  with  farm  work  and,  his 
father  being  a  miller  and  merchant,  he  subsequently  worked  in  the  latter's  store 
in  Southampton,  Ontario,  becoming  well  acquainted  with  commercial  conditions. 
In  1895  he  came  with  the  family  to  British  Columbia  and  for  one  year  lived  in 
Victoria  and  worked  for  a  short  time  in  a  sawmill  and  in  a  grocery  store.  In 
1896  his  father  and  his  brother  Sutherland  took  up  land  in  Surrey  municipality,, 
each  proving  title  to  one  hundred  and  sixty  acres,  which  they  still  own  and  which 
is  now  operated  by  our  subject  and  his  brother.  An  ambitious  young  man  of 
progressive  tendencies,  Mr.  Gordon  of  late  has  considered  a  professional  career 
and  entertains  ideas  of  embracing  the  legal  profession.  There  is  no  doubt  that 
a  brilliant  future  is  in  store  for  him  if  he  should  follow  out  his  plans  and  it  may 
be  safely  prophesied  that  his  adopted  city  and  British  Columbia  will  hear  more 
of  him  in  the  near  future. 


CLARENCE  HENRY  ROGERS. 

A  continually  growing  business,  capably  managed  and  wisely  directed  has 
made  Clarence  Henry  Rogers  well  known  in  real-estate  circles  in  Vancouver. 
He  was  born  in  Winnipeg,  August  18,  1886,  and  although  yet  a  young  man  has 
attained  an  enviable  position  in  business  circles.  His  parents  were  James  Henry 
and  Emma  (Carter)  Rogers,  who  in  the  year  1895  removed  with  their  family 
to  Victoria,  British  Columbia.  Their  son  Clarence,  then  a  lad  of  about  nine 
years,  continued  his  education  in  the  public  and  high  schools  of  Victoria  and- 
after  putting  aside  his  text-books  went  to  the  Yukon,  where  for  several  years 
he  acted  as  cashier  of  the  White  Pass  &  Yukon  Railway.  Returning  to  British 
Columbia,  he  has  since  1908  been  a  resident  of  Vancouver.  In  that  year  he 
opened  a  real-estate  office  and  was  in  business  alone  until  1910,  when  he  was 
joined  in  a  partnership  relation  by  Charles  B.  Black  under  the  firm  name  of 
Rogers  &  Black.  In  1911  Frank  McAlpine  was  admitted  and  the  firm  is  now 
Rogers,  Black  &  McAlpine.  They  have  been  largely  instrumental  in  settling 
the  Eraser  valley,  where  they  own  valuable  tracts.  Their  business  consists 
entirely  of  buying  up  large  areas  of  farm  land,  which  they  divide  into  farms, 
selling  the  same  to  new  settlers.  That  their  business  has  been  of  great  importance 


CLARENCE  H.  ROGERS 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  391 

o  the  district  is  evident  from  the  fact  that  they  have  been4able  to  induce  one 
hundred  and  fifty  families  to  settle  on  these  farms,  bringing  to  the  Fraser  valley 
,.  reliable,  thrifty  and  constant  element  of  good  agriculturists.  The  firm  has, 
besides  large  real-estate  investments,  other  business  interests  and  Mr.  Rogers  is 
:.  stockholder  in  the  Vancouver  Colonization  Company,  Limited,  of  which  he  was 
formerly  a  director,  and  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Fire  Valley  Land  Com- 
pany, Limited,  of  Vancouver.  These  companies  are  valuable  supplemental  in- 
terests to  his  real-estate  activity  and  are  proving  important  elements  in  the  de- 
\elopment,  colonization  and  upbuilding  of  the  province. 

On  the  i8th  of  October,  1911,  in  Vancouver,  Mr.  Rogers  was  united  in  mar- 
liage  to  Miss  Mary  Dixon,  a  daughter  of  J.  C.  and  Ada  Dixon,  who  were  Van- 
couver pioneers  and  representatives  of  old  English  families.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Rogers  have  a  daughter,  Gyneth.  Air.  Rogers  exercises  his  right  of  franchise 
i  i  support  of  men  and  measures  of  the  conservative  party,  and  by  financial  sup- 
f  ort  and  attendance  he  upholds  the  Baptist  church,  in  which  he  has  membership. 
He  belongs  to  the  Progress  Club  and  is  also  a  member  of  the  Arctic  Brother- 
hood. Through  these  connections,  as  well  as  in  business,  he  has  become  widely 
and  favorably  known  and  has  a  growing  circle  of  warm  friends  in  the  city. 


ALEXANDER  L.  DEWAR. 

Alexander  L.  Dewar,  prominently  known  in  Vancouver  as  a  partner  in  the 
firm  of  Dewar  &  Springer,  financial  agents,  was  born  August  6,  1852,  and  is  a 
son  of  Plummer  and  Eliza  Kemp  (Pew)  Dewar.  Private  schools  in  Hamilton, 
Ontario,  afforded  him  his  educational  opportunities  and  in  1868  he  laid  aside 
his  books  in  order  to  take  a  position  as  clerk  in  the  Bank  of  British  North 
/  merica  at  Hamilton.  He  remained  with  this  concern  in  various  capacities, 
b:ing  stationed  at  Hamilton,  Montreal,  Quebec  and  New  York  city  until  1874, 
becoming  during  that  time  a  far-sighted,  discriminating  and  resourceful  business 
n  an  and  an  expert  in  all  matters  pertaining  to  modern  finance.  In  the  latter 
y<:ar  he  became  associated  with  the  Canadian  Bank  of  Commerce  and  was  man- 
ager for  this  institution  in  their  banks  at  Montreal,  Toronto,  St.  Catharines, 
^A^oodstock  and  Chicago,  rendering  the  institution  able  and  efficient  service  for 
twenty  years  and  rising  during  that  time  to  a  place  of  importance  in  financial 
circles  of  the  various  communities  where  he  made  his  home.  During  the 
fourteen  years  between  1894  and  1908  Mr.  Dewar  developed  his  ability  as  a 
p  'omoter  and  organizer,  establishing  large  and  important  business  concerns  in 
various  cities  of  the  United  States  and  Canada  and  dealing  in  large  affairs,  among 
tl  e  most  important  of  his  enterprises  being  the  financing  of  the  street  railways 
ii  Chicago  and  the  promotion  of  the  Central  London  Tube  Railway  in  London, 
England.  During  all  of  this  time  his  powers  were  continually  developing  and 
h;s  reputation,  based  on  notable  accomplishments,  had  extended  to  various  parts 
oi  America  and  England,  his  ability  as  a  financier  carrying  him  forward  into 
important  relations  with  business  life.  In  1908  he  came  to  Vancouver,  British 
C  )lumbia,  and  here  two  years  later  he  organized  the  Bank  of  Vancouver,  of 
w'.iich  he  was  elected  general  manager.  In  this  position  his  splendid  executive 
and  organizing  ability  was  called  forth  and  the  success  of  the  institution  and  its 
n.pid  progress  was  in  a  large  measure  due  to  him.  He  supervised  the  details 
01  its  management,  inaugurated  the  policies  by  which  its  affairs  were  directed  and 
g;  ve  much  of  his  time,  talents  and  energies  to  placing  it  upon  a  solid  and  safe 
financial  basis  and  to  making  it  one  of  the  conservative  and  strong  moneyed 
institutions  in  this  part  of  the  province.  He  resigned  as  general  manager  on  the 
ift  of  January,  1912,  and  since  that  time  he  has  been  in  partnership  with  H.  E. 
Springer  under  the  firm  name  of  Dewar  &  Springer,  financial  agents.  They  con- 
trol an  important  and  representative  patronage  and  their  business  is  continually 


392  BRITISH  COLUMBIA 

increasing,  Mr.  Dewar  giving  a  great  deal  of  his  time  to  its  further  development. 
In  Vancouver  he  is  known  as  an  able  business  man,  capable  of  controlling  large 
affairs  and  at  his  best  in  handling  intricate  financial  problems.  Since  his  arrival 
here  his  influence  has  been  felt  as  a  force  for  good  in  business  circles  and  his  suc- 
cess has  come  as  a  direct  result  of  an  energy  that  is  untiring  and  an  ability  which 
commands  opportunities. 

On  the  8th  of  September,  1875,  in  Hamilton,  Ontario,  Mr.  Dewar  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Grace  Mackenzie,  a  daughter  of  John  I.  and  Margaret  (Phe- 
lan)  Mackenzie  and  a  representative  of  the  well  known  Mackenzie  family  of 
Hamilton,  whose  genealogy  and  a  record  of  the  lives  of  the  most  important  mem- 
bers has  been  printed  and  published  in  book  form.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dewar  are 
the  parents  of  seven  children:  Fred,  who  is  connected  with  the  Wcstinghouse 
Company  of  Vancouver;  Harold,  employed  by  the  British  Columbia  Leather 
Company;  John,  a  member  of  the  Carter,  Dewar,  Crowe  Company,  Limited,  of 
this  city;  Arthur,  with  Bentley  &  Company  of  Vancouver;  and  Elsie,  now  Mrs. 
R.  C.  Cook,  Maude,  viow  Mrs.  J.  G.  Patterson,  and  Nellie,  now  Mrs.  Tom  Lord, 
all  residents  of  Chicago. 

Mr.  Dewar  is  a  member  of  the  Church  of  England.  He  gives  his  political 
allegiance  to  the  conservative  party  but  is  not  active  as  a  politician,  although 
interested  in  the  advancement  of  the  city's  business  and  public  interests.  He  is 
modern  in  his  views,  progressive  in  his  standards,  high  in  his  ideals,  a  splendid 
type  of  the  modern  business  man  and  a  valuable  addition  to  the  ranks  of  Van- 
couver's able  citizens. 


HUGH   BURR. 

Hugh  Burr  is  one  of  the  most  venerable  as  well  as  one  of  the  best  known 
citizens  of  New  Westminster,  and  receives  the  high  respect  which  should  ever 
be  accorded  one  of  his  years  whose  life  has  been  well  spent.  He  is  now  living 
retired,  but  his  interest  in  the  questions  and  events  of  the  day  has  never  abated. 
He  was  born  in  Ireland  on  the  8th  of  June,  1829,  and  is  a  son  of  Benjamin 
and  Eliza  Burr,  both  long  since  deceased.  The  father  held  several  government 
positions  and  was  a  well  known  resident  of  his  locality.  Hugh  Burr  is  a  descend- 
ant of  General  Burr,  one  of  King  William's  military  leaders,  who  fought  at  the 
battle  of  the  Boyne  in  1690.  General  Burr  owned  a  castle  and  large  estates  in 
County  Carlow  and  Hugh  Burr,  when  a  boy,  saw  the  ancestral  seat,  it  being 
pointed  out  to  him  by  his  father,  who  told  him  that  the  estate  had  at  one  time 
belonged  to  the  family  but  had  passed  away  from  them  before  the  father's  time. 
The  son  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  County  Carlow  and  in  the  Kildare 
Street  school  of  Dublin.  Obtaining  a  teacher's  certificate,  he  left  Ireland  for 
Canada  and  after  teaching  for  a  time  in  the  eastern  part  of  Canada  returned 
to  his  native  land,  where  he  pursued  a  course  of  study  in  the  normal  school.  He 
then  engaged  in  teaching  in  Ireland  for  six  years,  after  which  he  once  more  came 
to  Canada,  his  destination  at  that  time  being  British  Columbia.  He  made  his 
way  across  the  isthmus  of  Panama  and  up  the  Atlantic  coast,  arriving  at  Victoria 
in  1860.  For  a  short  time  he  remained  in  that  city  and  then  went  to  Fort  Alex- 
ander, where  he  had  charge  of  the  store  of  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  for  a 
time.  He  next  came  to  New  Westminster,  where  he  again  taught  school  for 
two  years.  On  the  expiration  of  that  period  he  was  fortunate  enough  to  make 
some  judicious  real-estate  investments  which  laid  the  foundation  for  a  sub- 
stantial little  fortune.  Becoming  dissatisfied  with  the  conditions  under  which 
he  was  teaching,  he  purchased  some  property  at  Burrard  Inlet  and  turned  his 
attention  to  agricultural  pursuits,  developing  the  first  dairy  and  fruit  farm  on 
the  inlet.  He  made  it  a  model  property  and  supplied  the  ships  with  butter,  milk 
and  vegetables.  After  twelve  years  of  farming  he  sold  his  holdings  on  the  inlet 
and  again  returned  to  New  Westminster,  since  which  time  he  has  made  the  Royal 


HUGH  BURR 


BRITISH  COLUMBIA  395 

3ity  his  home.  He  is  still  active  for  a  man  of  his  age,  although  now  in  his 
•ighty-fifth  year.  He  is  a  splendid  type  of  the  old  country  gentleman,  in  whom 
•ourtesyand  hospitality  are  pronounced  characteristics.  Through  an  active  busi- 
less  career  his  affairs  were  well  managed  and  his  enterprise  and  energy,  com- 
bined with  sound  business  judgment,  made  him  one  of  the  successful  residents 
•  >f  this  part  of  the  province. 

In  1860  Mr.  Burr  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Margaret  Hill,  a  daughter 
nf  Alexander  and  Jane  Hill,  who  were  natives  of  County  Wicklow,  Ireland, 
born  near  Dublin.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Burr  became  the  parents  of  six  children,  of 
whom  Martha  Jane,  Sarah  Frances  and  Emmeline  are  deceased.  The  others 
;re:  Elizabeth,  the  wife  of  Joseph  Burr;  Adaline,  the  wife  of  E.  Chidell ;  and 
jlarriet,  at  home.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Reformed  Episcopal  church, 
'"hey  reside  at  No.  809  Queen's  avenue,  and  theirs  is  a  hospitable  home,  over 
which  Mrs.  Burr  graciously  presides.  She  is  a  lady  of  many  excellent  traits  of 
character,  sharing  in  the  warm  regard  always  extended  her  husband.  In  politics 
~*JLr.  Burr  has  always  been  a  conservative,  supporting  the  party,  yet  not  seeking 
political  honors  or  office  for  himself.  He  has  always  been  fond  of  lacrosse  and 
ii  still  an  enthusiastic  advocate  of  the  game.  There  is  no  couple  more  worthy 
t  f  high  esteem  in  all  New  Westminster  than  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hugh  Burr,  who  have 
i  ow  traveled  life's  journey  together  for  fifty-three  years,  their  mutual  love  and 
confidence  increasing  as  the  years  have  gone  by. 


THO.MAS  GIFFORD,  M.  P.  P. 

Thomas  Gifford,  for  eleven  years  member  of  parliament,  is  one  of  the  most 
I  ublic-spirited  of  the  citizens  of  New  Westminster,  standing  at  all  times  for  that