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Of2_ (20^ 


BOOK 520.W656D c. 1 



3 T1S3 0D127SSD ^ 

This "OP Book" Is an Ai THoRrzn) Ri i'rini oi iiii 
OkuiiNAL Edition, Prodickd b\ MicROFiLM-XF.ktK.RAiin in 
Ummrsiia iNficROFii.Ms. Ixc, .\nn Arbor,, 19()1 

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■|P|if|P»g||WH>l>ll| M I I "W» -"' 



IV V %j?i\LD 



« . i j iiii . im jM»).n»» 




that 'tis probable there 

raay be another habitable 

WorM in that Planet. 

II >t I A it ^jii ■» »i 111 ill 

^id tibi inquif ifta prodernnt ^ 
Si nihil dind , hoc certCo jciam 
omnia angujia e£e* S E N E C A. i. Lib. N. ^ 

"" — 1 T Mr " ' " I 1 - 11 1 

-c»tr> <^'^ ♦^ *tJ^ ■^'* 

Printed by E.G.for Michael Sparke 
and Edward Fomft^ i6^S. 


Vcrlegi hac ^^^<>%'^ ^ 
noyitafisgracia ty^ 
pis mandari Per- 

Mart. 29. 1638. 

^pifc. Loud. Cap. 

<^ ♦^^ 


[S^lj>yfipi»; n i ii | i i i i pi 

To the Reader. 

f^SiF amoHg^ thy leifurt 
hoHur thoH cay J} 

hJjB ffihif dtjcourfc^ 
and dfjfl hoke ioji?ide 
fomervhat h it which may f^tv? f^-f 
thy information and bene ft • at '/;<f 
thm sdvffc ihcc t^ come tm^o it 
with an equallm^nde^ not jwiyedhy 
prejudice^ but indiffennt/y r^^olvcd 
te a^ent untp that it nth whhh 
upon delibcrati&M Jh^U feeme m-jj^ 
probable nnto thy reajon^ and then 
I doubt fjoty hfit either iboH vpih 
^gree tpith mec in this ajfenion^ or 
at lejfi not thinkf it to be asja^re 
from truthy as it u from common 

Ttpo cautions there artpphkhl 
would willingly admomff thee efvi 
the beginning, 

u4 ^ u That 

^ 1 




' ' '■"'■' III ■ ^_ 

I, That thfH(hofiUJl not h^n lo^t 
to find any exsHyAccurate Tr^^ 
tifcy fince thir dijcourfi tPOi hm 
ihefrtiit offome lighter fitiJigf^ 
ani ihofe too hudkd up in ajhjrt 
iime^ b/mgjirJithiHghi ofand 
fi^ [bed in thejpact of fnmt few 
tvte^e/^ and therefor g joh cannot 
in reafort expeH^ that ttjhouUbe 
[o fodfhed^at perhaps^ thefubjed 
v^cM y require, or the leifure of the 
Author might havi dene it. j 
2. To remembr that Ifromife omlj\ 
•probable arguments fr the froofi i 
ofihiioprnhxt^ and therefore yeu\ 
fr;Hft notlooke that tvefyۤr}fe\ 
ejnerce (bduld hi of an undeniable 
d^fv)dmci^ or that thetrtnhgf 
each arguwetit fhouldbemeafH^ 
y^dby itsn6ce(fitj. I grant that 
jfime y^flrtmomcall appearances 
m^y pjftbly be felved otherwtfe 
then here ihey^e.Btit the thing! 
aimc at ii thjf^ that probably they 
mayfo befylved^of I have here fa 
fhfmd(J7977e: Wtkb^pfit^^grdn-^ 
ted (04 I thiuk^e it mufi) thm I 


< 1 1 f. III! Ill tm^fimnmnen 

CO the Reader- 

dauht mt^ but th indtff^tnt ua^ 
der jviUfifsd fome fatufa^^on in 
ihc w^m ^h'mg that if t^ bt 
ffoved^ ' 

MaKjhnCHnt V^hilof^phers ^ 
the better mte^ havefprmerty de- 
fendtithi^ ajfmion^ Vfhich Ihavt 
here Uid dowra^ ^?id $t w^re t^ be 
w(bedj that fame of us utould more 
afplji our endeavourt ufitv the ex4» 
tnination •fthefe old epimmf, which 
though thtyhAVefor 4 long time lien 
/iegleOid by pthers^ytt in them may 
youfinde m^ny tTHths rp^llrpurihy 
your Raines and ^bfewafl^tt. Tis 
a fa/jfe coKcett^ for tu to thinj^^y 
thdt amongji tht ancient variety and 
fearch of opinions^ the hefl hMh jliH 
prevailed, Timi' (faith tbt learned 
Vt^^y>hxis^feemts to he of the nature 
of 4 river ofjlre^me^which carrteth 
dovpHe to Hi that r^htch ii light^or 
hlorvh'e up^ butJiK^I(eih thdt which 
is Vftiiltysndjolid. 

It u my dejire thai hy the occajt^ 
en #/ this dfcourfe, I r?2ay raife up 
feme more active ^irit to a parch 



The Epiftic, See. 

afier other hidden and Unknownt 
irttthesi Sinct it mttfl netdei be a 
great impediment unto the gromh 
offciences, formenjltU fitoflodon 
ufon beaten principles, as to be afiaid 
of entertaining amy thing thatma} 
feeme to contradtQ them. Anm. 
wiBmgnelfetotakefMch things into 
examination ^is one cfthofe erroursof 
learning in thefe times obferved b) 
thejudicient Vcru 1 atr. ^mfiion. 
lejfi tbert are many fecret trmkj 
whtcb the ancients'havepjjfedover, 
that are jet left to make fome ofcul 
age famous for their difcovcry. 

Ifly this eccafton 1 may provoke 
any readtr to an attempt of this nj. 
ttire, I (hall then thinke my felfe 
bsppy^and this workef„ccejJcfull. 


TheFirft PropoGcion, by 

way of Preface. 

That the (fraffgemjfe of this opu 
nhn U no [u^ctmt reafon n>hy 
it Jbould he reje&edi becaufc 
ether ctrtaitit truths have he»e 
formerly e/fcemcd ridiculous ^and 
great abfurdities enicrtaynedby 
common confent. 

Here is an earnefl- 
nefle and hunge- 
ring after novelty 5 
which doth ftiJl 
adhere unto all our 
natures, and it is part of that 
primatjveimagej that wide ex- 
tent and infinite capacity at firll 
created in the heart of nian^ 
for this fince its depravation in 

B Ad^m 



II I I m wmfm^^ 


Adam perceiving it fclfe altoge- 
ther emptied of any good doth 
now catch after every new thing 
conceiving that poflibly it may 
finde Huisfaftion among fome 
of its fellow creatures. But our 
enemy the divell (who (trivcs 
ftill to pervert our gifts ^ and 
bcate us with our owne wea- 
pons ) hath fo contriv'd it^ that 
any truth doth now feeme dif- 
J taftefiill for that very reafon^ for 
which crrour is entertainM- 
Novelty , for let but fome up- 
ftart herefie be fct abroach^ and 
prefently there are fome out of 
a curious humour ; others^ as if 
they watched an occafion of fin- 
gularicy, will take it up for ca- 
nonicall ^ and make it part of 
their creede and profcflion;- 
ivhcreas folitary truth cannot 
nny where finde fo ready enter- 
tainemcnt; but the fame Novelty 
which is cfteemed the commen- 
dation of errour and makes that 
acceptable, is counted the fault 




oja new World. 


oftruth 5 and caiifts that to bee 
rejefted. How did the incredu- 
Iciis World gaze at Colnmbuf 
when hee promifed to discover 
another part of the earthy and he 
could not for a longtime by his 
confidence^or argunients.^induce 
any of theChriltian Princes^ei- 
ther to aflcnt unto his opinion^ 
or goe to the charges of an ex- 
periment. Now if he who had 
fiich good grounds for his afler- 
tion^ could finde no better en- 
tertainement among the wiler 
fort ^ and upper end of the 
World ^ 'tis not likely then that 
this opinion which I now dcli- 
ver^ (hall receive any thing from 
the men of thefe daics./f| ecially 
our vulgar wits ^ but misbelicfe 
or derilion. It hath alw lies 
becne the unhappineflc of new 
truths in Philofophy^ to be de- 
rided by thofe that are igno- 
rant of the caules of things, and 
reiefted by others whofe pcr- 
vcrfcnefle ties them to the con- 
B_2 trary 


W.J. f, 1 7. 

Tbe difcoipery 


trary opinion, men whofcenvi- 
ous pride will not alloiv any 
new thing for truth which they 
themfelvcs were not the firft in- 
ventors of. So that I may juftly 
cxpeft to be accufed of a prag- 
maticall ignorance, and bold 
oftentation, efpcrially iincefor 
this opinion Xmfhmes , a man 
whofe authority was able to 
adde fome credit to his afTcrti- 
on could not cfcape the like cen- 
fiirc from others. For N^tah 
Cemet fpcaking of that Philo- 
fopher, and this his opinion, 
laith thus, Nonnulli ne nihil fitffe 
videantur ^ aliqtfa mva moKJlra in 

re: invrntores fuijfe afparcant. Some 
^^ there arc who lealt they might 
^ fccme to know nothing, ^vilI 
^^brmg up monfh-ous abltirdi- 

^jKSmPhilofophy, thatfoaf- 

^teru'ard they may bee famed 

Jor the invention of fomewhat. 

1 ne lame author doth alfo in a- 

nother place accufl- j^naxagorai 



of a new World. 

of folly for the fame opinion^ 
Ejl etiim mn ignobilis gradus finU 
titUy vel fi nefctoi qf*id die as , 
tamen velk ds rebHs propo/itis 
ha^c vel illam partem fiabiltrc. 
*' 'Tis none of the worlt kindes 
of folly 5 boldly to affirme one 
lide or other^when a man knows 

If thcfe men were thus cen- 
fur'd 5 I may iuftly then expeft 
to be derided by moft^ and to be 
believed by few or none^efpeci- 
ally fince this opinion feemes 
to carry in it (bmuch ftrangc- 
nefle^ lb much contradiftion 
to the gcnerall consent of o- 
thers. But how ever^I am relbl- 
ved that this fhall not be any 
difcouragementj fincc I know 
that it is not the common opi- 
nion of others that can either 
addeor detraft from the truth. 

1. Other truths have beenc for- 
merly elteemed altogether as 
ridiculous as this can be, 

B 3 2 Grofle 

Tbe difcoyery 

2 Grofle abfiirdities have 
bcene entertained by ge- 
nerall opinion. 

I fhall give an inftance of cach^ 
that (6 1 may the better prepare 
the Reader to confidcr things 
without a prejudice^ whenhee 
(hall fee that the common op- 
petition againft this which I 
affirme cannot any way dero- 
gate from its truth. 

I. Other truths have beene 
formerly accounted as ridicu- 
lous as thiSj I (hall fpecifie that 
ofthe Antipodes 5 which have 
bccne denied and laught at by 
many wife men and great Schol- 
Icrs^ Ciich as VJtreHerodoiuf fSt. 

Bcde^Lncretiui the Poct^ Procofi^ 
«/, and the voluminous ^/;»/tf«- 
ps with others. Hcrodntzpf coun- 
ted it fo horrible an abfurdity^ 
that hce could not forbeare 
laughing to thinkeof it. U\o,Ji 

^ I cannot chooft but laughj 
^'* (faith hey to fee lb many men 
^* venture to defcribe the earths 
^ compafle^relating thofc things 
"that are without all ienfe^ as 
^*^that the Seaflowes about the 
^^ World 5 and that the earth it 
^^ felfe is round as an Orbe. But 
this great ignorance is not fo 
much to be admired in him 5 as 
in thole learneder men of later 
timeSj when all fcicnces began 
toflourifhin the World. Such 
was Saint yiujltn who cenfures 
that relation of the Antipodes 
to be an incredible fable ^ and 
with him agrees the eloquent 
LaBantius , quid illi ijtii ejfe con" 
trdrios vtfttgiu ncjlris Antipodes 
futant? num aliquld loquuntttr ? 
ant cji qutjpjam tam inc^ttu, qui 
cndat ejfc homims^ qHornm v^fii^ 
gist fnnt fupertora ^ttain cspita? 
ant ibi qu^ apnd nos jjtcent inver^ 

.. B4 ft 

De tivlt. 

cap* ?• 


8 I The difcoyery 

J4 fender e ? fruges & Arhures deor-^ 
fum verff4s crefcere , ffuvias (^ nU 

ves y & gtandimm Jkrjum verfus 
cadere in urram ? (^ miratur 
altquU honor fenfiUs inter feptem 
miranarrarr^qUTimFhilofoph$j & 
^gYds & Maria, ^ urUs eJ* momes 
f e*^ files jaciunO.cfrc. What(raith 
'^^ he) are they that thinke there 
^^ are Antipodes, fuchasvvalke 
"with their feet agaiait oiirs> 
^Moe they fpeakc any^^liktly- 
*^* hood ? or is there any one io 
^^ fooIi(h as to believe that there 

are men whole hceles arc high- 
^^er than their heads > that 
"^'things which with us doe lie 
^ on the ground doe hang there? 
^Jthat the Plants and Trees 
"^'grow downcwards, that the 
'^ haile^and raine, and fnow hW 
'^ upwards to the earth ? and 
^^doc wee admire the hanging 

Orchards amongft the levcn 
Svonders^ whereas here the 
^^ Philoibphers have made the 
'^ Field and Seas, the Cities and 



of a new World. 

^ Moiint?.ines han^,ing. What 
" (hall wee thinke ( faith hec in 
^lutAtck^ that men doeclyng 
to that place like wormes ^ or 
hang by their clawes as Cats, or 
if wee fuppole a man a little 
beyond the Center ^ to bee dig- 
ging with a fpade ? is it like- 
ly (as it nni{t bee according to 
this opinion ) that the earth 
which hth loofoied ^ fhoiild of 
it felfe alcend upwards ? or elfe 
liippole two men with their 
middles about the center, the 
feete of the one being placed 
wheic the head of the other is^ 
and fo two other men' crofle 
thcnij yet all thefc men thus iV 
tuated according to thisop'ni- 
on fliould Itand upright, and 
many other fuch grofle con(e- 
quences would follow ( faith 
hee ) which a talie imagination 
is not able to fancy as poffible. 
Upon which confidcrations, j^g^atl 
Bcdc alic) denies the being of any ! tetrpfumy 
Antipodes , N^a^ enim j^ntipoda- 1 Caf.ji^ 






Comment* m 

Tfsvt ntiate^tfs eft Fabulu accammo^ 
dand^s ^jfstifus , Nor fhould wee 
"any longer aflent to the Fable 
^^ of Antipodes.So alio LucraiHS 
the Pcct fpeaking of the fame 
fijbjefV^faycs : 

Std vanus polidb bde owmUpnxerlt error. 

That fbme idle fancy faigned 
thefefor fooles to believe. Of 
this opinion was Vrocopius Ga-^ 

z^d&j ^but he was perfwaded to it 
by another kinde of reafbn ; for 
he thought that all the earth un- 
der us was liinkc in the water^ 
according to the faying of the 
P/almift, Hee hath founded the 
Earth upon the Seas 5 and there- 
fore hee accounted it not inhabi- 
ted by any. Nay 7"^/?j/«janian 
of later yecres andgenerall ]ear- 
I rjngdothalfo confidently deny 
that there are any iiichAntipo- 
des, though the reafon which hee 
urges for it bee not To abliu'de as 
theformer/or the Apoftles/aith 
hee^travelieJ through the whole 


i ^--. 

of a nevp World, 

habitable world^ but they never 
pafled the Equinoftlall ; and if 
yon anfwcr that they are faid to 
goe through all the earth, be- 
caufe thjcy went through all 
the knowne world, hcerepLes, 
that this is not (iifticient, fince 
Chrift would have all men to be 
faved, and come to the know- 
ledge of his truth, and therefore 
'tis requifite that they (hould 
have travelled thither alfo, if 
there had been any inhabitants^ 
cfpecially fince he did cxprcfle- 
ly command them to goe and 
teach all nations, and preach 
the Gofpell through the whole 
world, and therefortrhe thinkes 
that as there arc no men, fo nei- 
ther a r(^ there (eas, or rivers, or 
any other convcniency for ha- 
bitation : 'tis commonly related 
of one ^i^^iliufj that he was ex- 
communicated and condemned 
for a Hcrctiqne by Ziebary Bi- 
fliop of ^ow?, becaufe heewas 
not of the iame opinion! But 

1 1 


I Tira.1.4* 



cLf. 4. u. 

The Difcoy>ery 

Baroniuf fliics, it Was becaufe hee 
thought there was another ha- 
bitable world within ours.How 
ever, you may well cnoiigli dif- 
cerne in thcfe examples how 
confident many of thcfe great 
Schollars were in fo groflc an 
crrotir, how imlikely, what an 
incredible thing it fecmed to i 
them, that there fhonid be any ' 
Antipodes, and yet now this 
truth IS as certaine and plaine,as 
fenft or demonftration can make i 
It. 1 his then which I now deli-! 
yer IS not to be rejeftcd, lliough \ 
It may fceme to contradift the 
common opinion. 

2. GrofTe abfurditics have 
Bccne entertained by general! 
confcnt. I micht inftance 'in 

jHi^iny ixmarkcable examples, 

'btitlwill oncly fpeakcof the 
iuppofcd labour ot the Moonc 

I in her eclipfc?, becaufe this is 
nccrc-a to the chiefc matter in 

I hand,. and wus received as a 
common opinion aniongft ma- 


C-^ 4 W./"^- «/'.T.V, 

I < 

«hyi«.. k^ %i«W-l W 


foreP-^^^^ :pe:l^:ru: or •iLu--; 
nao' eclipse, rc.U:(hf., :.h:i: it uich; 
time? Va'T^s 2 :'u./i-\T.c ^^nuMi^tt; 
the T<:-m.jr.i: .the nic^t civil! ^iixi; 
learnri re: pit :n ihe v;orU^- :o 
louna d:2:.:c Iritrunxnis^ ariti" 
hold g:ei: lorciiea toward ihei 
heiven. "^*^* :' ^^y^^^ ,'---^5:?^-??- 

/.>av-- ' - C '^-f fi/ T/ 71, TV £ j: t; V.a /« . 4 "f 

A : i^ fp /a ;.::/ > i/i ;^ > t^^'T -y^t ; 7?-? «£^ ^ : i-. * 

torbyihi? mc^ncithcy luppo- 
led the McHTincwas much eiicd 
in her Libcur5,rjid thcrforc Odd 
call? iTich lend Imrriinicnis the 
auxiliaries or helpcs of th^' 

and therefore the Satyrid too 
defcribing a loud icokUaies^ (he 
was able to make nolle enough 
to deliver the labouring Moone. | ig^^^stt.6 \ 

^/fa UborantipoiO it f:i^r:iy^C7CL'in€ 



Now the reafon of all this ^ 

\va^ becaulc , 

ir ceremonie. 


they feared the world would lall j 

ailccjH', 1 


w M n n |i> Hy i^ | lli i riii|i ni |i |J i | ii' H ii ; il .i, i I p ilil JJ] iBi|ffllWPWfPlii»'"***'^^^ivP''^ ' 


The di[co ipery 

afleepe^ when one of its eyes be- 
gan to winke^and therefore they 
would doc what they could by 
loud ibunds to roufe it from its 
drowlinefle, and keepe it awake 
by bright torches^to bcftow that 
light upon it which \t began to 
loie. Some of them thought 
hereby to keepe the Moone in 
her orbe^ whereas otherwife flic 
would have fallen downe upon 
the earthy and the world would 
have loft one of its lights^ for the 
credulous people believed^ that 
Inchanters^ and Witches could 
bring the Moone downe^, which 
made f^jr^i/ lay 5 
Ca4tuA& e coslo fojfunt dcducin lunsim. 

And thole Wizards knowing 
the times of her eclipfcs^ would 
I then threaten t3 fliew their skill, 
by pulling her out of herorbe. 
So that when the filly multitude 
faw that flie began to lookered, 
they prcfently feared they fliould 
lofe the benefit of her light, and 
therefore made a great noife that 


(he might not heare the (bund of 
thole Charnies , which would 
otherwife bring her downe, and 
this is rendered for a reafon of 
this cuftome by Vlir;y and Prc^ 

Cantw & cciiYYu luvam deducere tentant, 
Et fauycnt^finon ara refulfafoncnu 

Pht^rch gives another reason of 
it^and he fayes, 'tis becaiiie they 
would haftenthe Mooneoutof 
the darke (hade wherein (hee was 
involv'djthat fo fhe might bring 
away the foules of thofe Saints 
that inhabit within her ^ which 
cry out by reafon they are then 
deprived of their wonted happi- 
neflcj and cannot heare the mu- 
licke of the Spheares^but are for- 
ced to behold the tornicntSjand 
wailing of thofe damned foules 
which are rcprefented to them as 
they are tortured in the region 
oftheaire, but whether this or 
whatever clfewasthe meaning 
of this fuperftition, yet certain- 
ly 'twas a very ridiculous cu- 
I {tome, 

, t rmwa 








The dijco ^ery 

Itome^ and bewrayed a great ig- 
norance of thofe ancient times ^ 
c(pecially fince it was not onely ;[ 
received by the vulgar^ iuchas! 
were men of Icfle note and Icar- 
ning^ but believed al/b^ by the j 
more famous and wifcr lbrt)iuchl| 
as were thofe great Pocts^ Stt^i$, 
chorus and Pindar. And not one- 
ly amongrt the more fottifli hea- 
thens 5 who might account that 
Planet to be one of their Gods^ 
but the primitive ChriiHansal- 
fo were in this kindc guilty; 
which made S. Ambrofe fj tartly 
to rebuke thofe of his timc^ 
when he laid^ lum turbjttircar- 
f^irnhfu Globus Lun^^qnanda cs^ 
licihus turbjmHr & ojuli. When 
^^your heads are troubled with 
^^cups^ then you thinke the 

Moonc to be troubled with 

And for this reafon alfo did 
C:^axim»f a Bifhop, write a 
Homily againa it, wherein hce 
flicwed the abfurditie of that 

of a nexo World. 

I - 

foolifli (iiperftition. I renieiTi- 
bcr^ that L^dov$cPU Z^ives relates 
a more ridiculous (lory of a pec- 
pb that imprifonedan Afletbi" 
drinking up the Moonc^ whofc 
iniagje appearing in the water 
w;.s covered with a cloud, as the 
Aflc w^s drinking^ for which 
the poore beaft was afterward 
brought to thebaiTd to ttCQwt 
a fcntence according to his de- 
ferts^ where the grave Senate be- 
ing (ct to examine the nVattcr, 
one of the Counfcll (perhaps 
vvifcr than the reft) rifes up^ and 
out of his deepe judgement^ 
thinkes it not tit that their 
Tov/nc fhould lofe its Moone^ 
but that rather the AfTe Ihould 
be cut up^ and that taken out or 
him;, which fcntence bciiig ap- 
proved by the reft of thoiePo- 
liticians^ as the fubtiJIeft way 
tor the conchition of the niatrc'' 
Was accordingly performed. 
But whether this talc werctiue 
orholvvillnot quefti' n^ h.AV 

C ever 


V, -i^ mn^*^ 


The Difconjery 


■<..- — w— « 

ever there is abfurdity enough in 
that former cuftome of the an- 
cientSj that may confirme the 
truth to be proved, and plainly 
declare the infufficiency of com- 
mon opinion to adde true worth 
or eftimation unto any thing. 
So that from that which I have 
faid may be gathered thus much. 

1. That anew truth may feeme 
abfiu'd and impolTiblc not 
onely to the vulgar^ but to 
thole al(b who are othervvife 
wi(e men^and excellent fchol- 
lers; and hence it will follow, 
that every new thing which 
feemes to oppofc common 
Principles is not pre(ently to 
be rcjcftedj but rather to be 
pry'd into with a diligent 
enquiry, fince there are ma- 
ny tlings which are yet hid 
from us, and referv'd for fu- 
ture difco very, 

2. That it is not the common- 
neffe of an opinion that can 
priviledge it tor a truth, the 


wrong way is (bmetinie a 
well beaten path 5 whereas 
the right way (eipecially to 
hidden truths) may bceleflc 
trodden and more oblcure. 
True indeed, the ftrangcnefTe of 
this opinion willdetraft much 
from its credit^but yet we (hould 
know that nothing is in itsfclfe 
ftrange^ fince every naturallef-' 
feft has an equal! depcndancc 
upon its caule^ and with the 
like neceifity doth follow from 
it, (b that 'tis our ignorance 
which makes things appe.n^e/bj 
and hence it comes to pa/Te that 
many more evident truths ftemc 
incredible to fuch who know 
not the caufes of things : you 
may as foone perlwade (bme 
Country pea(ants that the 
Moonc is made of ereene Chcefe 
(as wee fayj as that 'tis bigger 
than his Cart-whe:lc^fince both 
feeme equally tocontradift his 
light , and hcc lias not rcafon e- 
nough to Icadc him farther than 
C 2 his 

mi * > <mmm}t- '" 

his fenfes, Nay^ fuppofe (faith 
"Plutarch) a Philolbpher (hould 
be educated in llich a iecret 
place, where hce might not fee 
either Sea or River, and after- 
wards fhould be brought out 
where one might {hew him the 
great Ocean tdhng him the 
quality of that water, that it is 
blackiih, fait, and not potable, 
and yet there were many vaft 
creatures of all formes living in 
it, which make ufe of the water 
as Wee doe of the aire, queftion- 
leffe he would laugh at all this, 
as being monftroushes & fables, 
without any colour of truth. Juft 
^o will this truth which I now 
deliver appeare unto others ^ be- 
caufe we never dreamt of anyfiich 
matter as a world in the Moone, 
bccaufe the Ihtcofthat place 
hath as yet been vailed from our 
Knowledge, therefore wee can 
fcarcely affent to any fuch mat- 
ter. Things are very hardly 
received which are altogether 


of A neyp World. 

ftrange to our thoughts and otn: 
fenfcs. The foiile may with lefTe 
difficulty be brought to believe 
any abiiirdity ^ when as it has 
formerly beene acquainted with 
fome colon s and probabilities 
for it 3 but when a new^ and an 
unheard of truth fhall come be- 
fore it^ though it have good 
grounds and reafons^ yet the uu- 
derftanding is afraid of it as a 
ftranger^ and dares not admit it 
into irsbelirfe without a great 
deale of rcluftancy and tryall. 
Andbciides things that are not 
maniferted to the fenfes^ are not 
affented unto without fome la- 
bour of mind^ fome travaile and 
difcourfeof theundcrftandine. 
and many lazic foules had ra- 
ther quietly repofe themfelves 
in an caiic errour, then take 
paines to fearch out the tmth. 
The ftran^enefle then of this 
opinion which I now deliver 
will be a eieat hindcrance to its 

bclicfe ^ but this is not to be re- 
C 5 fpefted 



The difcoyery 


fpeftcd by reafon it cannot bee 
heJped.I have aood the longer in 
the Pretace , becaufe that prejii- 
dice which the mecre title of the 
booke may beget cannot eafily be 
removed without a great dealeof 
preparation, and I could not tell 
otherwiie ho\v to rcftifie the 
thoughts of the Reader for an 
iniparti.ill fiirveyof the follow- 

ImuftnecdsconfefTe, though 
1 had often thought with iny 
Iclfe thatit was poffiblc thc,e 
.might be a world in the Mooiic, 
yet It feemed an uncouth 
opmion that I never durft dif- 

covcrit for tcarc of being coun- 
ted fingular and ridiculous, but 
^kerward having ,ead Vlmarch, 
GM,„s Keplar, vvithfomco- 

l.ounc thoughts confiimed by 
! <"^iytrong authority , I then 

; roffibe there might bee , but 

probable that there was another I 

habi- 1 

t.\ m t iii tw i i *^#;j^teiMB«gei ezaa«aM 


habitable world in that Planet. 
In the profccuting of this affer- 
tion^ I fhall firfl endeavour to 
deare the way from fuch doubts 
as may hinder the fpeed or cafe 
of farther progrefle ^ and be- 
caufe the fuppoiitions imply'd 
in this opinion may Iccnvj to 
contradift the principles of rea- 
fon or faithj it will be requilitc 
that 1 firll: remove this fcrnple^ 
{hewing the conformity of them 
I to both thefe^ and proving thoie 
truths that may make way for 
the reftj which I (hall labour to 
pertorme in the fecond^ third^ 
fourth^ and fifth Chapters^ and 
then proceede to contirmefuch 
Propofitions^ which doc more 
direftly belong to the mainc 
point in hand. 

C 4 




T^-- .^^' 






7 hat aplHTdity of worlds doth m 
coatrjdta any princivle of rea. 
Jon or faith, 

5 whenhee^awthcboo{(esof 
>?^«>/ he commended them for 

becomeaGod, but withall hee 

ccnfiired that manner of writing 


opher becaufe there tvas no- 

hing proved in them, but mat- 
tcrs vverc delivered as if they 

Pciivvadcbeliefe. And 'tis ob- 

« by the ftrongelf reafons that 

may be fo„nd,there being fcarce 
jn argument of force for any 

! n a^"^ "\ ^'^''o%hy which 
r'^^ynot bee picked out of 



gjj^,H,jm^^BI*'fjf1^»i..«i rti»taiw 11 'iMii*'»-nulMiiMBi^ 



his writings , and therefore 'tis 
liRelyif there were inreafona 
necelfity gt* one onely world^ 
that hoe WQuld have found out 
foire fuch neceflary proofc as 
might confirmc it : EipcciaJly 
lince hee labours for it ibmuch 
in two whole Chapters. But 
now all the arguments which he 
himfelfe urges in this fubjca, ^^ cs^k 
arc very weake and farre enough , i i. c 8. ^. 
from having in them any con- 
vincing power. Therefore 'tis 
likely that a pUiratity of worlds 
doth not contradift any princi- 
ple of reafon. HoweverJ will 
fetdowncthe twochiefeof his 
arguments from his ownc 
workes^and from them you may 
gucfle the force of the other. 
Tl]4' I is this^fmce every heavy ^bid. 
body doth naturally tend down- 
wards^ and every light body up- 
wards^ what a hudling and con- 
fuhon muft there bee if there 
were two places for gravity and 
^ aces for lightncffc: for it 


De Cslo 

IS probable that the Earth of 
:that other World would fall 
downe to this Center 5 and fo 
mutually the aire and tire here 
alcend to thofe R^egions in the 
'other, which muft needes much 
derogate from the providence 
ot nature, andcaufea great dif- 
order in his workes. To this 
■ I anfwere , that if you will con- 
iider the nature of gravity, you 
will plainely fee there is no 
ground to feareanyfiich confu- 
lion, for heavineflTe is nothing 
clle but fuch a quality as caufes 
a propenfion in 'its fubjeft to 
tend downcwards towards its 
owne Centre , fo tli^t for fbnie 
of that earth to come hither 
would not bee laid a fall but an 
afcenlion ^ iince it moved from 
its, and this would 
' bee impolTible ( faith Ruvi) ) 
bccaule againft nature, and 
thcrctore no more to bee fea- 
red than the falling of the Hea- 





Another Argument hee had 
from his 'rafter "^Uto^ that there 
is but one Worldjbecaule there is 
but one firft mover^God. 

But here I may deny the con- 
fequcnce, fince a plurality of 
worlds doth not taKc avv.iy the 
unity of the firlt mover. Vt ^- 
nim forma JHh(l antiaiU^ficfUfhu^ 
<ffici:nf affarcHtem johmm do 
muhiflicUatem indttit per y?/^^' 
tam materiam (iaith a 
man of ours.) As the lubltantiall 
torme^ fo the ctlicicnt caulc hath 
oncly an appearing multip; icity 
from its particular matter. You 
may Tec this point more largely 
handled -> and thefe Arguments 
more fully anfwered by P///- 
tan h 11^ his Booke (why Ora- 
cles arelllcnt) and //ico^ Car^ 
fentanus in his conmient on y^A 

But our oppofitcs the Inter- 
preters themfelves^ ( who too of- 
ten doe j/^r^re ^*« vtyba magiflri) 
will grant that there is not any 







The D//coyery 

] Imcii^* 

ftrength in thefc confequences,; 
and ceitainely their ruchweakc; 
arguments could not convince! 
that wife Philofopher^ whoini 
his other ophiions was wont to 
bee fwayedbythe ftrength and 
power of reafon : wherefore I 
mould rather thinke that he had 
fomc by-refpeft, which made 
him firft aflent to this opinion,^ 
and afterwards ft rive to prove[ 
it. Perhaps itwasbecaufe hee[ 
feared to difpleafe his fchollei; 
Alexander fii whom 'tis related^ 
that he wept to heare a difputa4 
tion of another world, {met hc| 
had not then attained the Mo-t 
narchy of this^ his reltJeilc wide^ 
hea-t would havecfteemed thisf 
GJobeof Earth not bigenough| 
for him, if there had bcene ano-l? 

jthcr^ which made the Satynft' 

I layofhinij 

I JEfiuiit infxiix ajiguflo limife trundu 

I ^^ That he did vexe himfelfc and 

^fweate in his beina 

pcnd up in a narrow roonie, 


' • — " — i 

II i mxi i w i I 1,11 . ~ - - „. - *^ -l 

' ' " ■' "H. i'ti -J ii j ii^^J— w— I I I-- * 


^Svhcn hee was confinM but to 
^^ one world. Before he thought 
tofeate hirafelfe next the Gods, 
but now when hce had done his 
beftj hec muft be content with 
fomc equalJ^ or perhaps fupcri- 
our Kings. 

It may be^that AriJfatUwas' 
moved to thisopinion^ that hee 
might thereby taKe from Alexan- 
der the occ^don oi\his fcarcand 
difcontent^ or elfe^, perhaps^ 
Jrijlotle himfelfe Was as loth to 
hold the pofTibility of a world 
which he could not diicover. as 
Alexander was tO heare of one 
vvhich he could not conquer. 
Tis likely that ibmc iiich by-re- 
fpcft moved him tothisopini- 
on^ fince the arguments he urges ^ 
for it are confeft by his zealous ' 
followers and conimentators^ to I 
be veiy Height and frivolous.and 
they thcmlelves grant.whatlam 
nowtoprove^ that there rs nor 
any evidence in the lighrof na- 
tural!, rcaloa, which can (nffici- 
'^ cncly \ 



^■«« a : i i i« * «^i^i«i»m-' 

apologia pro 

Ethlc^U !• 


cntly manifcll that there is but 
one world. 

But however fomc may oh- 
jeft, would it not be inconveni- 
ent and dangerous to admit of 
fuch opinions that doe deilroy 
thofc principles of Arifiotle^ 
which all the world hath fo 
loni^ followed ? 

This qucltion is much con- 
troverce i by the Kowijlo Divines; 
Camf^ncUa hath writ aTreatife^ 
in defence of it , in whom you 
may fee many things worth the 
reading and notice, 

Toitlanfwcrj that this po- 
fitionin Phiiofophyj doth not 
brhig any inconvenience to the 
reftj fince tis not Arifioik^ but 
truth that fhould be the rule of 
ouropinions^ and if they be not 
both found toge.her^ wee may 
fay to him ^ as hee laid to his 
Mafter Tlato diJL<;clvy^ov'niLv ^/acii^, 
omv z^Jif/^v rlw a Aj)^e<:ii/- Though 
Plato were his friend ^ yet hce 
"would rather adhere to truth 
than him. I 




of ancypWorld. 


I muft needs grant^ that wee \ 
are all much beholden to the in- ] 
dnftry of the ancient Philo(b-| 
pherSj and more e(pecially to\ 
Arijloile^ for the greater part of j 
our learnings but yet tisnotin-j 
gratitude to fpeakeagahirt hini^l 
when hec oppofcth truth 5 for| 
then many of the Fathers would I 
be very guilty^ efpecially It^ftin^ I 
who hath writ a Treatife pur-i 
^ofely againft him. I 

But fuppofe this opinion were I 
falfe^ yet 'tis not againft the] 
faithj and fo it may iervc for | 
the better confirmation of that | 
which is true ; the fparkes of | 
crrourj being forcM out by op- 1 
pofition^ as the fparkes of fire^ | 
by the ftriking of the flint an(i| 
fteele. But fuppofe too that ic \ 
were heretical]^ and againft the! 
faith^ yet may it be admitted \ 
witli the fame privilcdgc as -^^- ! 
^ijlotU^ from whom mmv more | 
dangerous opinions have pro- j 
ceedcd : as that the world is j 

ctern.:!!-, j 



Rev. i^.^. 

The Difcolpery 

etcrualj^ that God cannot have 
while to looke after thcieinfe- 
riour things^ that after death 
there is no reward or pimifh- 
ment, and inch like blasphemies, 
which Itrike direftly atthefim-l 
damentalls of our Religion. !; 

So that it isju(tly tobewon-l 
dred why (bme fhould be (b 111- 1; 
'pcrllitious in the(e daies^ asto|: 
Itickecloieruntohimj than fii>| 
to Scripture^ as if his PhiIo(b-l 
phy were the onely foundation I; 
of all divine truths. I 

Upon thefe grounds both S^* I 

( as I have feene theni quoted'^ It 
thinkc that Anflotle was the viol " 
of Gods wrath^ which was pow- 
red out upon the waters of Wiic- . 
dome by the third Angel 5 Butf 
^or my part, I thinke the'^ 
world is much beholden to ArU 
liotle lor all it fcienccs. But yet 
twere a fhame for thefe later am 
to reit our lelves meercly upon 
the labours of our Fore-tathers 





as if ihey had informed us of all 

things to be knowne, an^ when 

wee arc fct upon their fhouJders^ 

not CO fee further then they them* 

felvesdid. 'TwereafuperlHtiouSj 
^Imcopmontothhkc /Jri/}Qfiffj 

workcs the bounds and iimics of 
ail humane invention^ beyond 
which there couW be oo poffibi* 
lity of reaching. G*:rtainly there 
are yet many things left to difco- 
very, and it cannot beanyinco> 
venicnce for us, to maintaine a 
new truth, or reftitic an ancient 

Bat the poficion fay (bme) is 
dlrcftly againft Scrij^ture, for 

I. Mojes tells us but of one 
world, and his Hiflory of the crea- 
tion had bcene very impcrfeft if 
God had made smother, 

2. Siioty^/^/^fpeakingofGcds 
workeJ^, /aics he made the world;, 
i^ the fingular number, and there- 
fore there is but one : Ms the ar- 
gnment oi Aquinas , and he thinks 
that none will oppofe it;, bucfuch 

D vvho 

47* Art- j. 



A.D. 748, 



The DifcQ<very 

who with Vemocri(U4 cfteemc 
fo nc blinde chance, and not any 
wife providence to be the framcr 
of all things, 

3* The opinion of more worlds 
ha? in ancient rime beene accoun- 
red a hcrefie,and Baromfu affirmcs 
that for this vei y xt^huj^irgilm 
was caft out of his Bifliopricke, 
and excommunicated from the 

4. A fourth argument there is 
urged by jic^ninas^ if there be 
more words than one^ then they 
muft either be of the fime, or of a 
diverfc nature, but they are not of 
ihc fame kii^e, for this were 
ncedlcfJe, and would argue an im- 
providence, fince one would have 
no more perfcftion than the other; 
not of divers kinds, for rhenone 
cf them could not be called the 
world or univerlle, {xncQ ic did not 
containcuDiverfall pcrfcdion, I 
have cited this argument, bccaiife 
it is {0 much ftood upon by lultm 
Cafa^ la GaUay one that haspur- 



pofely writ aTreatifgagainft this 
opinion whicti I now deliver, but 
the Dilemma is Co bhinr, that it 
cannoccuc on either fide, andche 
confcquenccs fo wcake,that I dare 
truft them wichonc an anfvvtr; 
And (by the tvay) you may fes 
this Author in that place, where 
he endeavours to prove a nece flicy 
of one worlds doth leave the 
chiefe raatrer in hand, and rake 
much ncedlcfle painea todifpuce 
againft VemocritHS^ v;ho thought 
thacthe world was made by the 
cafuall concour(e of atoms in a 
great vacuum. It (hould fteme^ 
chat cither his caufe, or his skill 
was weakc. or eUe he would have 
ventured upon a ftrongcr advcr- 
ftry. Thefc argumsnts which I 
have (cc downe, are the chiefeft 
which I have met wi:h againft 
this fubjcft, and ycc the beit cf 
theft hath not force enough to en- 
danger the truth that I have de- 

Unto the two firft it may be 
D 2 anfw-red, 

■^j^^JMW jii. i|i L ' , •mmmtttmamtMff 

: , 



The Difcorvery 

onfwcrcd^ ihac the negative au^ 
thoricy (ji Scripcure is not preva- 
lc.4C in vholc things which are 
cot the fundajncnc4«lls of Rdu| 

But you'Ie reply,though it doe 
not luccflirily conclude, yet 'cis 
probable if there had beene an- 
other world, wee (hould have 
had (bme notice of it in Scrip- 

I anfwer, *cis as pr: bable that 
the Scripture (h-uld have infoiwij 
med us of the Pbnets they be.| 
ingvcry remarkable pans of thcl 
Creation, and yet neither Mofcf\^ 
nor Jokf nor the Tfaltncf (^hc 
places moft frequent in Aftrono-| 
mic^Jl obfcrvacions) mention any | 
of them but the Sunne andMoontfj] 
and niorcove^^, you muft know, 
that *cls beildes the (cope of the 
H)ly Gho(t either in the new 
Teftjtocnr or in the old^to revcalei 
auy thing unto us concerning vhe 
fccrttsot Philofophy; 'cisnothis 
incent u\ the new Teftamen^, fincc 


«>• - If nifmiMMaiMitfT'— '^•~*"'-~*'''**'^'*'**'*'****'* 


we canooc conceive how it might 
any way belong cither to the Hi- 
ftoricall exege»icall or prophcti-. 
call parts of it : nor is it his intent 
in the oldTeftamcnt^ as is well 
obferved by our Countrey-man 
Mafter Wright, '^oh AJufi; 
am Propbetarum injiitnttim fuiffe 
videtuT Adathem4ticai alitjHas aut 
Phyficas fuhtHiestes pwrnufgare^ 
fed ad vulgi cafthtn & hquendi 
morem qHemadmodum nutrices in^ 
faKtHli<% folent feft accommorUi'e. 
'**ns not the endeavour of iJ/.j7/e/ 
^* or the Prophets torSifcovcrany 
^^ M^themacicall or Philofophicall 
^' rubtiltie.%but rather to accomo- 
^^ date themfelves to vulgar capa- 
^^ cities, ami ordinary fpeech, as 
^^nurfcs arc wont to u(e ihcir 
infants. True indec^'e, Aiofcs {% 
dierc fohaodlethcbiftory ot the 
Creation, bur Ms ubfcrved chat he 
does not any where meddle wich 
fuch m<^t?er8 as were v«ry hard co 
beapprehcnded^ for being coin- 
j iormj the common people as well 

D 3 as 


" '' ' "litMllMinin |||i l_li Jj^l^'"^ iiliiiii (i igM«Mii 



Parti. Q^ 
68. Art.3. 

The difcoloery 

Gen, r.i(^. 

k v*u \ ;< C 


r C-okV 


as oxbersj he does it after a vulgar 
way, as ic is commonly notcd3 de- 
daring the originall chiefely o[ 
thofe things which were obviour 
to the fenfe, and being filent o( 
o?hrr thirds, which thqn could 
not well bi apprehended. Adl 
therefore yiqumat obfervcs, thai 
Mcfcj writes nothing of the aire, 
bwC4ufe that being invifible, the 
people knew not whether tficrj 
were any fuch body or no* Anf 
for this very reafon Saint Aijlii 
allbihinkes that there is nochinf 
expreft concerning the creatioc! 
of Angels which notwichftandinj" 
are as remarkable parts of M 
creatures, andasfictobeknovvpe| 
as another world. And thereforf 
the Holy Ghoft too ufcs fuctl 
vulgar expredions which m 
things forch rather as they 3pi 
pearc, ihen as they are, :s wbeo: 
he calls the Mooneoneof the grcaj 

M)tcr lights CD'. Vn-^n riSK^'l 

Vk'htreai cistfieleall', butoneifiai 
wee can (ee in the whole heavens 


>^«-^- y»w i- - - i rt iirii W i ii iiiiiiilii ■l l t l l l iM^tftffiihfVT'^i^'*^**'*''*'"'*'''''" 

of a neyfi World, 


So afterwards fpcaking of the 
great raine which drowned the 
worldj he fties^ the windowes of 
heaven were opened ^ becaufe it 
feemed to come with thac vio- 
lence, as if it were, poured out 
from windows in the Firmament. 
So that the phrafcs which the 
Holy Ghoft ules concerning thcfe 
things are not to be underrtood 
in a licerall fenfe ; bur rather as 
vulgar exprtdiociS, and this rule is 
fetdowne by Saint Juflh^ where 
fpeaking concerning that in the 
Pftlme, Tpho (iretched the earth 
upon the npaters^ hcc notes, that 
w»jcn the words of Scripture fliall 
feeme to contradift common f^infe 
or experience, there are they ro be 
underftood in a quahfied fenft, 
and not according to the letter. 
And 'tis obferved thac for want of 
this ruk, fomc of the ancients 
hav- faftencd ftrange abfurdities 
upon the words of the Scripture. 
So Saint ^mhroje efleemedita 
herefie, to tbinke, that the Sunne 

D 4 and 


Gen. u. 

Pfali 36.6. 

/ „*6|f^tj'^ 

,ii n mt ifmM mmmamiitttimtmuttmHm^mii^ 

■I lAJlU-L'" r'""*<imiiMt<iiiihiiT»i|(Hi II „ , 



Com. inc. i- 

andlhtrcs were not very hotTTj 
being agjinft the words of Scrip, 
tufc, Pjalm. 19. 6. where thi 
•P/«/w//? nyes that there is no- 
thing tha: is hid from the heate 
ofcheSunne. Soothers there are 
tliat would prove the heavens not 
to be roud, out of that placej 
Pfiil. 104.2. Hee fl fetch eth oat tht. 
h.ivens like a cmaine. So Pro-! 
copiw alfo was of opinion, that' 
the earth was founded upon the 
waters, nay, he made it part ol' 
his faich, proving ic out of PfA 
2 4. 2. Hte hath founded the earth \ 
upon the fat, and ejiablijhed «[ 
»fon thi fiouds. Thefe and fucli 
like dbfurdities have fo!lowed, 
when men lookcfor the grounds 
of Philafophie in the words of 
Scripture. So that from what, 
hath beene fa?d, I may conchide 

th^t the fikncc of Scripture con.: 
ceding any other world is not 
lufiicicnt argument to provo that : 
'here is none. Thus for the two' 
nrtt arguments. 





of a ne'So World. 

Unto the third, Imayanfiver, 
fhac this very example is quoted 
by others, to (hew the ignorance 
of thofe primative times, who did 
fometimes condcmnc what they 
did not underftand,and have often 
scnfur'dthe lawful! & undoubted 
parts of Mathematiqucs for here- 
ticall, bccaufe they themfclves 
could not perceive a reafoB of it, 
and therefore their praftife in this 
particular, is no fufficknt tcliimo- 

But laftly I an(wer to all the 
above named objeftions, that the 
terme Worlds may be taken in a 
double fenfe, more generally for 
the whole Univerte, as it implies 
in it the deraencary and cehercall 
bodie?, the ftarres and the earth, 
Secondly,more particularly fpr an 
inferiour World confiding of ek- 
n^cncs. Nowthemaiacijrifcofall 
thefe argument^, is to confute a 
plurality of worlds in the firft 
finfe, and if there were any fuch, 
it mighty perhaps^ kerne Hrange, 




tttitmmttlil limiii^taaMmtmMMai ^i,! i i '" ' '' » i M Vm ii 



T/^^ Dijcoyery 

i that JldofeSi or S^ ^(?^« ftiould 
cither not know, or nor mention * 
I its creation. And Kirgilim was 
'condemned for this opinion, be-' 
jcaofeheheldj fjuoijit aUhs mnn»\ 
drnfuhtariiy alitif^ Sol& Lnm^ 
(as BarontM) that within our; 
; globe ofcarth, there waj« another! 
world^another Sunne and Moonc, ■. 
and Co he might fcemc to exclude I 
^ this from the number of the other I 
[creatures. | 

I But now there is no ftch dan- ;[ 
: gcr in this opinion, which is here I 
j delivered, fince this world id ftid | 
5 tobeintheMoonc, who(ecreati-l 
on is particularly expreft. jj 

So that in the firft ftnfe I yceld, 1; 
that there is but one worldj which l» 
is all chat the arguments do prove, 
[but underhand h in the ftcond 
I fen(e, and fo I affirrae there may be 
i more nordoe any of the above na- 
. mcd objeftions prove thccocrary. 
j Neither can this opinion dero- 
gate from the divine Wifdome (as 
Aqnina^ thinkes) but rather ad- 

'-^•^•; rtiirifiidt" 

■— ->*~>^ .-y^irTiT^"-^^^ 

of a neyp World. 


vanceit, (hewing a compendium of 
providence, thac could make the 
iime body a world^'and a Moone • 
a world for habitarion, and a 
Moone for the ufe of others, and 
the ornament of the whole frame 
of Nature. For as the members of 
the body ferve notonely for the 
pref-rvarion of thcmfelves, but 
For the ufe and convcnjency of the 
whok, as the hand protjsfts the 
head as well as faves itfclfe, fo 
i> ic in the parts of the Univeiie^ 
where each one may fervc as well 
for the conftrvation of that which 
is within it, as the helpc of others 
without it. 

I have now in fome m^afure, 
(hewed that a plurality of worlds 
does not contradiil any principle 
of reafon or place of Scripture, 
and fo cleared thc(irft part of that 
fuppo(irion which is applied in 
the opinion. 

It may next be enquired, whe- 
ther 'tis polTible there may be a 
globe of elements in thac which 


CufanfU de 

/.I* Ml. 


we call the scchereall pirts ofthe 
Unjvcrfe; for if this (as ic isac- 
cordiV,g to the comf«on opinion) 
be pr^Yilcdgetl from any cnaogc 
or corruptioD, it will be in vainc 
then roimagincaf.y clement there, 
andifwe will baveaiothcr world, 
we aiurt the nferkc out fome other 
place for irs fi uatior;. The third 
Propofition therefore ihali be this. 



Tbdt the hedvens doenot conjifi of 
any fuch pure matter v^hich can 
priviUdge them from the likf 
change and corrupttM^ ofihe/e 
inferienr bodies are liable unto. 

IT hath beene often qucftioned 
araongft the ancient Fathera and 
Philofophcr?^ what kind of mat- 
ter thacfhould be, of which the 
heavens are framed, whether or 
no of any fifth fubftance diftlnft 
from the fourc elemenrs, as Ari- 



■ MN ^IWlt l t nM l l l t lg ttM lih j i ■l ^'l j ^ i _l »ll »n il l |ll» li ll <iW i l «l»Hit*— jMMMIMlMf 



floik holds, and with him Ibmc of 
the late Scboolcmen,whofcfubtill 
brain€8 could not b« content to 
attribute to thofe vaft glorious bo- 
dicsj but common materially, and 
therefore they ihcmfelyes hadra-j 
chcr takepiire* ro paferrcthcml 
to fomc exr^ordmjty nirt^rc, j 
whcn*as nocwirhiian^'n^, all the ^ 
argumenisth^y cjulrf invent, were 
nor able rocoDy'i^cci^ncccfC^yof 
any Uc\\ martrr, .^s is co jK-ft by | 
tm^rowne "* Mt. It were much I* c^S'f. 
tobr d^fircJ, ihit rhcfr n,in had l^«^ «wfr; 
not m Other c^r^s^ as wahs tnis, l^.^a/J 
muLipIied ihi igs wichout iicceffi- j 
ty, aiid as if there hadnotbectic 
enough to be knowne in the (c-j 
crCtS of niiure^ hare fpun out new 1 
(ut j fts from their ownc b^aiucs 
to tinde more worke for future 
ages, I (hall not mi'arion their ar- 
gunacnts, fincc 'tis already confcft, 
that they arenoneof rhcmofany | 
nectflary conf^^qucnce^ and be-| 
fidcs^you may fee them fet downe j 
in any of the bookcs de Ccclo. \ 



'Mmti !t' t'^itn^mtm 

In Hexam 
lib* 4* 


In lib. At 


But is it the general! eonfent of 
the Fathers, and the opinion of 
LomhArdy that the heavens confift 
of the fame matter with thcfc fob- 
lunary bodies. S^^Anbrofe is con- 
fident of it, that hcoeftcemes the 
conirary a hcrcfie. True indeed, 
they differ much afitong them* 
feWcs, (bmc thinking them to be 
made of fire^ others of water, but 
herein they generally agree, that 
they are all fram::d of fome ele- 
ment or orher.For a better confir- 
mation of this, you may fee Ludo-. 
vicHt Molina J^ufih.TSliremhcYgiiis^ 
with divers others. The venerable 
Btde though: the Planets to con- 
fift of all thefoiire clement?, and 
*cis likely that the other parts arc 
ofan acreous fubftance, as will be 
(hewed afterward* however, I 
canno: now ft:ind to recite the ar- 
guments for cither, I have oncly 
urged thefc Authorities to couii- 
tervaile Arifiotk y2nd the Schoole- 
men, and the better to make way 
for a proof of their corruptibility. 


illiii- ~ 

I >i liiit' an **«mj>aitiiui 

iiinii I 1 1'rfTT MiHiiiiiiirtiii 


The next thing then to been- 
quired after, is, whether they be 
of a corruptible niture, not whe- 
ther they can be deftroyed by 
God, for this Scripture puts out 
of doubt. 

Nor whether or no in a long 
time they would wcarcaway and 
grow worfe^ for firora any fuch 
teare they have becnc htely privi- 
ledgcd. But whether they are ca- 
pable of (uch changes and vicifll- 
tudes, asthis inferiour world i8 
liable unto. 

The two cbiefc opinions con- 
cerning this, have both erred in ' 
feme extremity, the one fide go 
ing fo farre from the other, that 
they have both gone beyond the 
right, whileft Anjlotle hathop- 
pofed the truth, as wtll as the 

Some of the A^^cients have 
thought, that the heavenly bodies 
have flood in need of nourifliment 
from the elements, by which they 
Were continually Ud^ and (6 had 




B^ Doaor 



48 I TheDifcoyery 

L z. c 17. 

Nat. Hiil. 




divers alceraeions by re^fon of 
their food, this is fathered on ft, 
raclhuf^ followed by that great 
Naturalift Plitij^ and in generall 
attributed to all the Stojcks. You 
may fee Scfteea exprcflcly to tbis 
purpofc in ihcfe words^E^r/iif^Wi. 

profertifr quofpifiinemtur tot Sjdtn 
tamcx^reitatH^iam avuda^per dkm^ 
*JO&emc^.^ut inofere^ it a in f^fia, 
Speaking of thccarth ,Kc faics,from 
ihence ic i?,chat nourlfhmcnc isdi- 
plants and the SrarreSj hence were 
(ullaii'ed fo many conflellati^ns, 
lo laborious, fo ;j;recdjr both daj 
and night, as well in cbcir feeding 
\ as workif g.Thns alfo Lucan fing!, 
^ecmr^ Ocemo pafci Phccbumo^^ 
Unto thde P/^/tfwe aifo that lear- 
ned Egyptian fcemed to agrc^, 
whenheaffirwits that the body of 
<hc Moone is moiftefj and cooler 
than any of the other Planers, by 
[ rtfai' ii 

l^tiliKJiitWl > |W'il^»i'jl*jS*!M*>»« 


of a new World. 

I 49 

reafon of the earthly vapours chat 
are exhaled uoto it. You fee theic 
ancients thought the Heavens to 
bz fo farre from this imagined in- 
corruptibility, chat Mther like the 
weakcft bodies they flood in need 
of fome contirmall nourifhmenc 
withouc which they could not 


I But Afiflotle and his followers 
^^ ere (b farre from this ^ chac chey 
thought chofc glorious bodies 
could not containc within chcoi 
C'uy (uch principles, asmight make 
them Ivable to the lea(t change 
or corruption, and chcic chiefe 
reafon was, becaufe \vc could noc 
in (b lo jg a fpacedifcerne any alte- 
ration amongft chcm;but unco chis 
I unf'jver. 

* I. Suppofing we could not^yec 
Would it noc hence follow thac 
there were none , a» hce himfelfe 
In cfFeft doth confefle in another 
place ; for fpeaking concerning 
our knowledge of the Heavens, 
hee faycs 'cis very imperfeft aid 
li E difficulc, 

S ^ r -: ^ 

cap. 3. 


cap. 3, 





The Difcprvery 

difficult, by realfbnof ihc v^fte 
diftancc of thofe bodies from us, 
and becaafc the changes which 
may happen untoi , arc not ej. 
thcr bigge enoi»gh or frequent 
enough to fall within the appre- 
htnfion and obfcrvation of out 
(cufcs • no \;yonder thtn if ht 
himfclfe bee dcrciv^d in hi» af. 
fertiom concerning thefc parti* 
culars. [ 

a. Though we could not by oui 
fcnfes fee fuch altcrationjj, yetoui 
reafon might perhaps ftfficientlj 
convince us of rhcm. Nor can 
we well corceive how the Sunnf 
(hould rifl(ft 3gainft the Moonfj: 
and ycti^oi produce fomeolreia-l 
tirn of heare.Dii?gfwf/ the Philc- 
/opher wag hence perfi^adfdihji 
thofe fcorchiRg hearts h-d burDt 
the Mocne into the ferine oil 

3. 1 anfuer chat there have beet 
fcnie alteraiicns cbferTcd ihae; 
witrcffe ihofe comets uhicb Favr 
becne fcene above the Mconr 


of a new World. 

So thac though ArtJlotUf cotue- 

queoce were fatficicnio vvhcnhec' 
proved thac ih^ heavens were noc 
corraptiblc, b^Caule rherc have 
not any change^ beino; obQrv;id 
inic^ yttthU by the fatncrc^roii 
muft bee as prevalent, thac the 
Heavens are corruptible, b^caufe 
there have beene fo many alrera- 
tions obferved there •bac of thefc 
together whh a farther cjnfirma- 
tioj of chis propofition^ I iliull 
have occifion to Ipeakc afct-r- 
wuds; Lithcmeancfpace, I will 
''cferre the Reider t^ thac vorfc; 
oiScbeincrz Itrejtfui' ^>vhi'hht 
cities his Ktfd Vrjina^ Vf':ntc iic.: 
ra.iy Oe this point conccn.Ui? the 
corruptibilicy of . the H avcjs 
largely handled and fufficiencly 

There are fon?e other things, 
on which 1 might here cake an 
occafijnto enlT^emy (elfe, but 
becauf?' chey are d'tcftty handled 
by auay others, and doe not i'^- 
j mediately belong to the chicfc 
s E 2 matter 




ti'i^- rat. 


l» lib. fup. 

The Difcorvery 

matter in hand , I fliruTtherefort 
rcferrc the Reader to theirauthori, 
and omit any large proofeof them' 
my fdfe , as defiring all polfible 

I. The firft is this: That there 

arcnofolidOrbcj. If there bea 

habitable World in the Moont 

(which I now affirme j it mull 

follow, that her Oibe Is net folii, 

« ^r//?o*/# fiippoff d ; and ifnoi 

her, why any of the othcr?I rathei 

thinkethattheyareallof aM 

(perhaps aereou8)rubftance. Saint 

^mSrofi , and Saint Bafildid e&- 

dcavonr to prove this out of thsi 

place in IfajyVskere they arecoro- 

pared to ftroake, as they are bott, 

quoted by Rhodig^Ptuf^Etifebm^^ 

■t^icrembergms doth likewife from j 

that place confute the foJidityawi ^ 

incorrupt-bility of the Heaven?,'; 

and cites for the fame interpreM-;; 

uoo the authority of Eufiachm) 

of j^mioch ; and Saint jiupin;- 

i sm fbre ffemes to aflcnt unroj 

this opinio n,tboDgh he does ofttn,! 




» W ' iii«« m wuvt 

m ir "\ 1 1 owii w iiiw wi iii i I I 1 1,. 1 1 I ij^ji J I » i M»iiwMii^ainijj 

of a ne^ World. 


ip his other workes coDrradid it. 
The tcftiniony of otherFachers to 
this pnrpofc you may fee in Sixtus 
Senenju^ /. 'y.Biblioth.annot. 14, 
bat for your better (atisfaSion 
herein , I (hall refcrrc you to the 
^bovc named *9rAexW in his Rofi /i6.4.f U,» 
Vrftna^ in whom you may fee ^•7'^^p3<>» 
both authoriti<!s and rcafjn , and 
very largely and difiinftly fct 
downe for this opinion, for the 
better confirmation of which hee 
adjoyncs alfo fome authenricall 
Epiftles oiFndcricus C^fius Lyiu 
ccHf a Noble Prince written to 
Behrminey containing divers rea- 
sons to the fame purpofr^yoa may 
?Ifo fee the fame truth fet downe 
f)y JohamtsVem\^ his preface to 
Suclids Optkks , and Chnfloph. 
,KothmAntius ^ both who thought 
jhc Firmament to b^c onely aire : 
and though the noble Tycho doe 
.difpute againft ihcmjycthe him- 
felfc holds, Qjiod frifius advert' 
tatif pemtratid accedn hac opimo, 
quarn ArijlotelicA vulgantcr sp- 
E 3 probata^ 






The di (coy cry 

at que impervih orifihpsf cHra rem r<. 
p/rvH. 'H hat this opbioncomo 
*^ ueercr co the truth than that con:. 
" mon one oiuirifiotli which had 
'^ CO no pnrpofc filled the hcaveni 
" with fych rcall and irapervk 
•^Orbes. ^ 

2. There is no elf iment of fire 
which muft be held viichthiso. 
pinion here delivered; for if m 
(uppofc a world in theMoone,the 
it will follow, thatthe fphcarcd 
fire, cither is not there where '(i 
ofually placed in the concavicyc( 
hi8 Orbe , or clfc that there is i 
fuch thing at all , which is tnof 
probable, fince there arq not an; 
(uch (olid Orbs,that by their M 
morion might hearc and enkindl: 
the adjoynirg aire, which is im/ 
giard to be the reafon of that cl(l 
mcnt.Concernipg this fee C^tdil' 

«/^«, the ncble 7;c^t?,with civc:; 
others who have purpo/ely had- 
l<2d this propoficion. ^ 





of a neyo World. 


;• IcDjghc addeaihird, viz>. 
that there is no Mufickc of the 
fphearcs ^ for if chey be nor folid^ 
how can thtir motion aufe any 
fuch found as is conceived? Idoe 
rhc rather medle with this^becaufe 
Plutarch (peaks as if a man might 
very conveniently he^c that har- 
mony, if he were an inh<ibitanc in 
theMoone. But I gueffe that hec 
fiid this out of incogitancy, and 
did not Wf 11 confi Jer thofe ncccf^ 
(ary coafequciices which depen- 
ded upon liis opinion. However 
the world would have no great 
loflc in being deprived of this Mu- 
ficke^unlefle at (omc times we had 
thepriviledge toheareit : Ttien 
indeedc Pbth the Jew think^s [oefomiis 
it would fave us the charges of 
dirt, and we might live at an eafie 
rate by feeding at the care onely, 
and receiving no other Boiiriflh- 
ment ; and for this very rcafon 
(faieshc) was /^/^Jr/ enabled ro 
tarry forty daies and forty nights 
in the Mount without eating any 

E 4 thing 



I f ■i|i w » H iii»| " i'ii»' « 

■>MilMlKM»*i "W I«ll« I III I I., 



The difcoyery 

ptifhata^tjH^ cotlhmflmibus rtalibui 
afqHeimperviis or^ihnf chrarem re- 
p/rvft. ' ^ 1 hac this opiaion comes 
♦^ ueercr to the truth than that com- 
" mon one oiArifiotl$ which hath 
'^ CO no pnrpofc filled the hcaveni 
" with fych rcall and iraperviouj 

2. There is no ekmcnt of fire, 
which muft be held \\iththiso. 
pinion here delivered; for if wee 
(uppofc a world in theMoone,theo 
it %vill follow, thacthcfphearcof 
fire, cither is not there where 'ih 
nfually placed in the concavityoi 
his Orbe , or cUc that there is no 
fuch thing at all , which is moll 
probable, fince there are not any 
fuch folid OrbSjthat fay their fwif: 
morion might hearc and enkindk 
the adjoynirg aire, which is ima- 
giacd to be the rea/on of that clc- 
mcnt.Concernipg this CceC^rd^n^ 
lohaKms Pcna that learned Fre^/ti- 
w^«, the ncble Tycho;w\i\\ civcis 
others who have purpofcly hand- 
hd this propofition. 

____ 3' 


.-p. M»'-irm«<«iiriii»!i>,ji^,()ir*SiM!(jf"'* 

J, Imighc addeaihlrd, viz^, 
thac there is no Mufickc of the 
fphearcs^ forifcheybc nocfolid, 
how can thtir motion CAufe any 
fuch found asis conceived^ Idoe 
the rather medle wUh thi83becau(e 1 
Plutarch fpcAz^s ifamannjight 
very conveniently hearc that har- 
mony, if he were an inhabitant in 
theMoone. But I gueff^: that hec 
faid this out of incogitancy, and 
did not well confi Jer thofc ncccf* 
(ary coafcquciices which depen- 
ded upon liis opinion. However 
the world would have no great 
loflc in being deprived of th is Mu- 
ficke^unlefle at (omc times we had 
thepriviledgc tohcareic : Ttien 
indeedc Phth the Jew thinkes '^P^^^^^''*^* 
it would fave us the charges of 
dif r, and we might live at an eafie 
rate by feeding at the care onely, 
and receiving no other Boiuifh- 
mcnt ; ard for this very reafon i 
( faies he ) was Mofes en-ibled to 
tarry forty daies and forty nights 
in the Mount wi^huuc eating any 
E 4 thing 

r I' 


- - - - ■ I ■» 

The difcoyery j 

thing , bccaufe he there heard the 
melody of the Heavens, -i?//«w 
umms. I know this Mu(kke haiti 
had great patrons both ftcredand 
propbane authoiirs , fuchas^w. 

CiccTQ and others , but becaufe'K 
is noc now , 1 thinke affirmed by 
any , I fhall noc therefore beftoi 
either paincs or time in arguing 

It may fufficethati have oncly 
named thefe three laft , and foi 
the two more neccffary, have re- 
ferred thcReader to others for fa. 
tisfaftionJ fhall in the next place 
proccede to the nature of ih( 
Mooncs body, to know whethei 
that be capable of any fach condi' 
tion?5as may make it polTible to bs 
iohabicedjand what thofe qualities 
are wherein it more neercly agrc« 
with our earth. 

Prop 4' 

/ i\ 

of a ne^ World. 

Propofition 4. 

'that the Moont is afolid^ compn* 


Shall not need to ftand long 

in the proofeof this propofi- 
tion 5 fincc ic is a truth already 
agreed on by the general! confenc 
of the moft and the bcft Philo^ 

I. Ic is (olid in oppofinon to 
fluid, asischeayre, for how o-. 
thcrwife could it beare backe the 
light which ic receives from the 

Bat here it may b? qutftloned, 
whether or no the Moone beftow 
her light upon us by the reflecti- 
on of the Sunne-bcames from the 
(ijperficics of her body , or cHe 
by her owne illumination. Some 
^here are who this latter 
part. So Avmocs^ Cdm Rhdl" 
ghufj;4iius C'in/jdr.&c. and their 



■ •■V^MUBMB^^k 

I. to. C.4,' 
De pbiinjm. 

lUHit^C* It. 

rcafonis becaufechis !igbcis d\C 
cerred in many places, whcreaf 
thofc bodies which give light by 
reflexion can there o;icIy be per- 
ceived where the angle of reflcxi^ 
on is cquall to the angle of inci- 
dence , and this is onely in one 
place, as in a looking-glaflc thoft 
bearaes which are r<.'flfaed from 
it cannot bee perceived in every 
place where you may fee the 
glafle, but onely there where 
your eye is placed on the fame 
line whereon the beames are re- 

But to this I anfwere, that the 
argument will not hold of fuch 
bodies, whofc fuperficies is full of 
unequall pares and gibbofities as 
the Moonc is. Wherefopc it is 
as well the more probable as the 
rnore common opinion , that her 
light proceedcs from both thefe 
caufes^ from reflexion and illumi- 
nation ; nor doth it herein differ 
from ourearth,fince that al(b hath 
fomc light by illumination : for 


^iiig n i ji_t i |-m ii i aii n i r iii n i wi» m 


how ochcrwifc would tlic parts 
about us io a Sunnc-fhinc day ap- 
peare fo bright , when as all the 
ray c$ of n flexion cannot cuter ioto 
2. It is compaft^ and not a fpun- 



he Tbeo*f* 

gk and porous fubftance. But this 1 ;^tt/-tt.f.i j 

is denied by DicgemfyViteSiOy^nd ^ ^ 

RtinoldM^ and lome others, who 

held the Moonc to bee of the fame 

kind of nature as a Pumice-ftone^ 

and this, lay they, is the rcafon 

why in the Suns eclipfcs there ap- 

pearcs within heracfuskifhruddy 

colour, bccauft the Sunnc-bcaraes 

being rcfrafted in palling through 

the pores of her bady,muft nccci- 

firily be reprefcntcd under iuch a 


But I reply, ifthisbcthccaufe 
of her rcdneile, then why doth ftc 
not appeare under the fame forme 
when ("heisaboutafextilcafpeft^ 
and the darkned part of her body 
is difccrnable ? for rhen alio doe 
the fameraycs paffc through her, 
and therefore in all likelihood 



i*i*iw» m »i i; iiiii If 1 II I ,, r. I ■!<"•««■ 

I ScaHget eX' 


ftouM produce the fame cfftGt, 

and notwithftanding thofc bcamcs 

arc then diverced from us, that 

they cannoc enter into our eyes by 

a ftrcjght line, yet muft tht colour 

ftill rcmaine vifibic in her body, 

and befides according to this opi- 

nion.che (pots would notalwaies 

be the fame, but diver8,as the vari* 

ous diftancc of che Sunne requires. 

Againc , if the Sunne-beames did 

paffe through her, \A;hy thenhach 

(he HOC a taile as the Comets > why 

doth fhcapp«are in fuch an exacS 

round ? and not rather attended 

with a long flamc^fincc it is mcere- 

ly this penetration of the Sunne 

beamcs that is ufually attributed 

to be the caufe of beards in blazin^ 

ftarrcs. ^ 

3. It is opacous , not tranfpa^ 
tent^or diaphanous like Chryftal! 
or glaflTc , as 'EmpedncUs thought, 
who held the Mjonc to bee a 
globe of pjre congealed aire,like 
haile inclofed in a fpheareof fire, 
tor then. 

I. Why I 



i«tii»i«'i"«n I rtf 

I. Why do€S (hecnotalwaies 
appcarc in the full ? fince the 
light is difperfcd through all her 
body ? 

7. How can the intcrpofitlon 
of her body fo darken the San, or 
caufefuch great cclipfts as have 
turned day into night , that have 
difcovered the ftars , and frighted 
the birds with fuch a. ftddendark- 
ncfle, that they fell downcupon 
the earth, as it is related in divers 
Hiftories>And therefore Herodotus 
telling of an Eclipfe which fell in 
Xerxes time , defcribei it thus : 

a*f(t#);j!a>. The Sunne leaving his 
wonted ftatc in the heavens, vani- 
(hcd away : all which argues (uch 
a great darkncfle, as could not 
have beene, if her body had beene 
perfpicuous. Yet fome there are 
who interpret all thefc relations 
to bee hyperbolicall exprcfllons, 
aod the noble Tjcho thinkcs it na- 
turally impolTib!e,that any cclipfc 
ftould caule fuch darkncfle , be- 

caufc fa. 



The Difcoyery 

caufc the body of ih* Moone can 
never totally cover the Sunnc 5 
howevcr,in this he Js fiogular, all 
other Aftronomcrs (if I may bi- 
Iie?e-K'f/>/jr)bcingon the contrary 
the Moone does for the mo(t part 
appeare bigger to as then the Di^- 

But here Ju^ita C^far once 
more, puts in to hinder our paf- 
fage. The Moonef faich he)is not 
altogether opacous, because 'lis 
ftill of the (^me nature w'ththc 
Heavens , which are incapable of 
fotall opacity : and his reafon i?, 
becaufe pc^rfpicuity isaninfepa- 
jrable accident of ihofe purer 
bodies, and this heethinkesrauft 
ncc-ffatily bee granted, for hcc 
flops thcre,f4nd proves no further ; 
but to this I fliall dcfcrre an an- 
fwere, till hechach made up his 

We may frequently fce,that her 
body does (beclipfc the Sunnc, as 
our earth doth the Moone i finer 




oj a neJi^ World. 


then the like inurpofitiouui them 
both^dotb produce the like cfF^ft, 
they muft nf ccflarily be of the like 
natures, that js a like opacous, 
which is the thing to be fbcweci 5 
and this was <he rea(f)n ( as the 
Interpreters futfle) why ^rry?ej//^ 
affirmed the Mooncto be or* the 
canhs nature, bfcaufc of their 
sgrement in opacuy^vwhereasall 
the other el< mcnts fave that^are in 
foinc rreafure perfpicucus. 
But the grcatcft difference which 
may fteme to make our earth 
oltogciherunhkcthcMocJX, is, 
bccaufe the one is a bright body, 
and hath light of its Gwtie,aird the 
other a groflc darkc body which 
cannor fhincar aJI. Ttsr(.quifire 
therefore, tharinthercxrpbcci 
clcarc this doubt, ard fhev^that 
the Moone hath no trere light oi 
her owne than our earth. 

Prop- 5. 


— 'k 



Hie f OH, dc 



The Difcoyery 

• • • I .■IIMillll__^^ 

Propofition 5. 

T'hat the (Jlfome b^ith not any light 
of her pwne. 

TWas the fancy of (bme of ihc 
Jewcs, and more cfpecully 
of Rabhi Simeon , thac the Moone 
was nothing elfc but a contrafted 
Sunne,and that both thole planets 
at their firft creation were cquall 
both i(\ light and quantity, for be- 
caufe Goddid then call them both 
great lights, therefore they infer- 
redjihat they muft be both cqiiall 
inbigncffe. But a while after (as 
thecradicion goes) the ambitious 
Moone pur up her complaint to 
GodagainfttheSanne, Ihcwing, 
that it was not fie there fliould be 
two fuch great lights in the hea- 
vens, a Monarchy would bcft be- 
come the place of order and har- 
mony. Upon this God comman- 
ded her to concraft her felfe into a 
narrower compifle, but (he being 
( much 

of a new World. I 6 ^ 

muchdi(contentcdhcreat, replies. 
What ! becaufc I have (pokenthat 
which is reafbn and equity, muft I 
therefore be diminifhed ? Thi^ 
fcntence could not chtjfe but much 
trouble her; and for ihisrealon 
was fliee in much diltreflc an^i 
gfiefe fora longipace,biic that her 
(brrovv might be (bme way paci- 
fied, God bid her be of good 
checre3 becaufc her priviledges 
and charet (hould be greater then 
theStinSjhefhouIdappearein the 
day time oncly, (hcc both in the 
diy and night, but her mchncholy 
being not iatisKed with this, fhee 
replyed againe, that that a Jas was 
no benciic, for in the day-time (lie 
(hould be either not (ienc, ornoc 
noted. Wherefore, God to com- 
fort her up, promiftd, that his 
people the Kraelitcs (hould cele- 
brate all their feafts and holy dales 
by a computation of her moneths^ 
but this being not able to con- 
tent her^ (hce has looked very 
melancholy ever iLKe; howe- 

F ver 

« 1UJ m i jj iii lli riii 


in enaV' at. 

The Difco^ery 


vcr Qice hath ftill referved mucb 
light of hsr owiic* 

Others there were, that did 
chinke the Moonc to be a round 
globe, the one halfe of whore bo- 
dy was of a bright fubliance, the 
other haltc being darke, and the 
divers convcrftous ot thofe fides 
towards oar eyes, caufcdtheva- 
ri;ty of her appearances; of this 
opinion was Birofm^ as he is cited 
by ruruviuf^ and SS tAufiin 
thought ic was probable enough, 
but t his fancy is almoft eqnally ab* 
furd with the former, and both of 
them found rather like fables^ then 
philo(c)phicall truths. You may 
commonly (ce how this latter does 
contradift frequent and eafieex* 
pcrience, for 'tis obferved, that 
that fpot which is perceived about 
hermiddle^ when (he is in the in- 
crcaft^may bcdifcern'd in the fame 
place when fhc is in the ful: whence 
it muft follow^, that the fame part 
which was before darfened, is after 
inlightened, and that the one part 


of a new World. 


ifnocalwaiesdarke, andthcochcr 
light of it (elff, but enough oi 
this, I would bg loihcotnikean 
enemy, th^t I may afrerwards 
ovcromthim, or btllowcimc in 
proving that i^ already 
granted, I fuppofenow, thdcuei- 
ther of them hath any patrons^ and 
therefore need noconfucaiion. 

Tis agreed upon by all fides, 
that this Planet receives moli of 
her light from the Sunnc, but the 
chiefecoPitroverficis^ whether or 
no (he haih any of rer ov^iic ? The 
greater mulcirnde affirr^e cbjs. 
Cardan aiTiOngIt the rcti, is vcr* 
conrtdenc of inland he thinkes that 
if any of us were in the Moonc ar 
the time of htr grcateli edipic^ 
Limam afpianmuf nonfcCM ac in- 
numcris ccreis (plcndidijjimu ac* 
ce^jjir^ /?/^ sn em oculU dcftxi^ 
c^cuttremiif '^ ** wee (h' uld per- 
^^ceive fo great a brighn fL^ of 
^' hf!rowne^ that wouiJ bli d'^^'S 
wich the meere fighr^ and whrn 
fbceis eulightcncd by thrSuo'iej 

F 2 ih'.'H 

De Subtil. 

/! I \ 




The DifcQcvery 


then no eagles eye if iherc were 
any there, is able ro looke upon 
her. This Cardan faics, and hec 
doth but fiy ic without bringing 
any proofc for its confirmation. 
However, I will (ec downe the 
arguments that arc ufually urg^d 
for this opinion^ and ihey are ta- 
ken ci' her from Scripture or rea- 
fon; from Scripture is urged that 
place, 1 Cor. 15. where it isfaid, 
Therein om glory of the Sttnm^ and 
another glory of the Moom. F/jjJes 
Jlbergetttis wr^t^^ ihzi in Math, 

The Moone fbaHmt ^ive her light : 
therefore (faics he) (he hath lome 

Buctothcfewce mayeafilyan- 
fwer that the glory and light 
there fpoken of, may be faid to 
be hcr5, though it be derived, 
as you may fee in many other in- 

The arguments from reason are 
taken cither 

I. From that light which is 


J |lll<l«»<»llf»1 ililfHI* 1 


. i..»...^>.^.. V II .ii-iiit-f'i'-n-n^"' 

difcerned in her, when there is a 
cocall ccliple of her owne body,or 

2. For the light which :s dif- 
cerncd in the darker part of her 
body, when fheisbucalittledi- 
ftanc from the Snnne. 

1. For when there are any to- 
tall edipfeSj, there appearcs in her 
body a great rednc/H, and many 
tiiTifs light enough to caufeare- 
markeable fhade, as common ex- 
perience doth fufficiently mani- 
fcft: bur this cannot come from 
chcSunne^ Ihcc at fuchtimesei- 
ther the earth, or hep owne body 
ftades her from the Sun-beames, 
therefore it muft proccede from 
her owne light. 

2. Two or three daics after the 
new Moone, wee may perceive 
light in her whole body, whereas 
the rayes of the S^m reflcft but up- 
on a fmall part n{ chat wnich is vi- 
fiblf^therefcrc Vis likely that there 
is fome 1 jght of her owne. 

It) anfwering to tliefeobjeft*- 

F :? on?, 

1 7^ 

T/;^ dijcoipery 

005, I (hill firlt fli^W, that this 
light cannot be her ownc,and then 
declare that which is the true rea- 
Ion of it. 

That it is not her o wn,appearc8| 
I. From the variety of it at di- 
vers tim<^?; for 'tis commonly ob- 
fervcdj that fcm<'timcs 'cisofa 
brighter, fometimcs of a darker 
apt earaiK?, now redder, and at 
an^'ther time of a more dusk fii' 
colour* Thcobfcrvation of this! 
vari ry in divers cclipffs, you 
miy Ice fet dowiie by KepUr^ni 
many othtrs, bur now this could 
noc be if rhac light were her cwnc, 
that being confrantly the fimf,! 
and without any realbn of ftich 
an alteration : So that thus I may 

If there were any light proper 
to the MoonL', then would thit 
Plarjcc app- are brighrf ft when fte 
! is tclipied in her Pcrige, bwin^ 
' ntcreft to the earthy and ibcot^l::- 
1 <]uently more obfcure and disk^ft 
! v\ hen (he i^ in her Apoge or fjr- 
I -the!' 


of a m"^ World. \ 71 

theft from ic ; che r^ alon is, b^caufc } 
the nccrer any enlightened body I 
comci CO the fighr, by fo much the I 
more fircrg arc the fpecies a id the < 
better perceived. This fcqael! is ; ' 
granted by (oau of our advert- o^rnvs 
rie5, and chcv are the very svords juu^ipi, 
of noble Tychff^ Si hina ger^ni-^o c. lo* 
gaiidertt lumtrii^ uti^^cuMinum*] 
bra te^r£ ejjet^ iuudnon atriittitct^^ 
fed CO tvidentius exererct^ omnc . 
\ enim lumer) in ttmbry. pln^ ihhndet : 
cHm ali9 majon fulpre ho prfpi'l 
ditur. It the Moone had any lighc t 
of her ovvne, then would fhe not 
lofe it in the earths (liadow, but • 
rather (hine more clcardy, iince • 
every lighc appearcs greater in 
'he darke, when ic is not hin-i 
dered by a tiioie pcripicuous' 

But now the event fall? out I i^^j^^^i j 
cicanc contrary^ (as obf rvirion i^ or/* //.#/;;. 
dochmanifcft, and our opp^licesj^'*/^ ''^• 
thcmfelves doc st^ot) the Moone i ^^'-'''F^l' 
^ppcdnng with a m ^rc rcndi(h| 
^'id cbare li^ht whe^j fhe is eclip- 1 

F 4 icd; 


" K— »l 

The difcolpery 

fed being m her Apoge or farcheft 
diffancc,an'.1 a more bhckiOi yron 
colour v^'hen (lie is in her Perige or 
necrcftcous, therefore fhce hath 
noc any light of her owne. Nor 
n^ay Vk^eihinke thacthe earths (ha* 
dow can cloud the proper lighc of 
the Moone from appearing, or 
takeaway any thing from her in- 
he rent brighcfieflTe^for this were to 
thinke a fhadow to bea body, an 
opinion alcogcther mif-becom- 
ming a Phil ifopher, as Tycho 
grants in the fore- cited place, Nee 
pimbra terr£ cnyporeum quid efl^ aut 
den fa ali^ua fyhjfaniia^aut Inn a Ih- 
tnenohtfnebrarepojfit^ atj^ id vijui 
mfiro fY^rifcre^ jed eft qH£dm 
privstiuluminisfoUria^ oh imtrfO' 
Jitum cpacum arpuf terra* Nor is 
thf carihs fliadow any corporall 
thingjorihickefublhnce, that it 
can cloud the Moonesbrightreffe, 
or take ic away from our fighc^bm 
it is a mceie privation of the Suns 
l?ghr, by rcafon of the interpofitl- 
on of the caahs opacou^ body. 

2, If 

2. If fhrehadany ligbcof her 
owne then that would in it felfe 
be,either fuch a ruddy brightnclfe 
asappcaresin theeclipfes, orelfc 
fuch a leaden duskifh light as wee 
fee in tne darker parts ot her body, 
whcnfbee isalictle part the con- 
junftion. (That it mu(t be one of 
iKefe may follow from the oppr*- 
fitc arguments) but it is ncifhcr 
of chefe,chercfore fhe hath none of 

I. Tis not fuch a ruddy light 
as appcarrs in eclipfes, for then 
why can wee not fee the like red- 
neflc^ when wee may difcerne the 
obfcurer parts of the Moone ? 

You will fay, perhaps, that 
then tl;c ueercncfle of that grea- 
ter light, rakes away that appea- 

I icply,this cannot be, for then 
why does Mars fliinc with his 
wonrcd redneff;, when he is neere 
the Mootic? or why cannot her 
greater brightncfL' make him ap- 
pears while as t he ochcr Planets ? 



Semt. Sc'if- 

The Dtfcoyery 

nor can there be any reafon given 
why thac greater light fhauldre- 
preftnc her body under a falfc 

t, Tis not fuch a duskifh lea. 
den lighr, a$ wefeeinthcdark'^r 
pare of ^e^ body, when fhec is 
about a Textile A(p ftdtltant from 
the Sunne, for thtn why docs fhcc 
appcare red in the cclipfcsj fincc 
the nrne (h^'^e cannot choofe fuch 
variecy,fof 'fis the nature of dark- 
nefle by its oppofition^ rather to 
make things appeare of a more 
white and clear- brighcneffcthen 
ihtyare inthcmlelves, or if it be 
^he (hade, yet thofe pares of the 
Moone arc then in the (liade of her 
body, and therefore m reafon 
(hould have the like redocfle. 
Since then neither of thefc lights 
a;ehers, it followcs that flie hath 
nope of her owne. Nor is this a 
fingular opinion, but it hath had 
many learned patrons^ fuch was 
Macrobtu^^ who bc'ng for this 
quoted otix./;o^ig.7ir^,he calls him 


%W''^'''^'^?W<'^'*^!'^^WK'vi^mf*»tmiikmn n n>\mm imuini 

■i iiiyi umin iiw nmmn>j »,I H. in iH ' m i M i 

.f««r*»- V'**''^ 

of a neyp World. 



'Dii'fuondiiijfiwie fdemU^ a man 

who knew more than ordinary 

Philofophcrs, thus commending 

the opinion in the credit of 

the Authoiir. To him aflents the 

Vcnrrabk Bedc^ upon whom the I 

glolTc: hath this compati(bn. As \inllb.di 

vheLookiog-glaflTc: represents not \natufjf014m 

any image within ic (cUc, unkfle 

it receive fome from v/uhout- io 

•he Moone hath not any I'ghc^ 

but what is beftowcd by the Sun. 

To thefe agreed Albert hs Mag" 

nuf^ Scaliger^ A^ceJIw^ and more 

efju.cially MnlapertiMt whofc 

words are more pat to the pur- 

Exercil 6%» 
I. Epitome^ 

pofe then others^ and therefore 1 1 ^^ ^^^ 

(hall fee them downe as you may 
finde them in his Preface to his 

Treatife concerning the Af^llyizca 
fjdera ; Lu^a^ Vema^ & Mncu* 
riu^^ tcrcjlris & humid^fumpib^ 
/?^^-i<e^ ide (j^ de fuo non luccre^ 
Jiait72ec terra, The Moone)^<f«^<^, 
ii\\i\ Mercmte ((aith he) areofan 
earthly and moj ft fubft^.nce, and 
therefore have no more hghc of 


;;6.4.f 1. 



; /. ^. c. 6?. 


their owne, then the earth hath. 

Nay, (bme there arc who thintc 

that all the other Scarresdoerc 

ceive that light, whereby they 

I appeare vifible to us from the 

I Sunne, (o Ptnlomie^ Ifidore Hifpa^ 

llcnfisy AlberiHS Muffius^ and 

i jRrd/e, n^uth more thcD tnuft the 

I Moone ihine with a borrowed 


But enough of this. I have now 

(ufficicntly fhewed what at the 

firfti promiied, that this light is 

[not proper to the Mooae. Itre- 

maines in the next phce, that I 

tell you the true rcafon of it. And 


; here, I thinke 'cis probable thar 
[the light which appeares in the 
[Moone at theeclip(es is nothing 
[elfc but the fccond fprcieg of the 
I Sunncs raycs which pafTe through 
I the fhadowunto her body: and 
[from a mixture of this fecond 
light with the fiiadow, ariles tbac 
redoefle which at fach times ap- 
peares unto u?;. I may call It Lw- 
mm rrcpufculam^ the Aurora of 
^ th-: 


A!r~rmi(mt»m It I iiiiiii 

1 .1 UM J JII II W 




the Moone, or lach a kinJr ot 
bluftmg lighr, chac the Su^^nc 
caufcs \vhen he is neerc his riii"g, 1 
vvhenhcb£(towes(ba3ef(iiaHligh: ! 
upon chc thicker vapours. Thus • 
wee fee commonly the S'Jnnebc- j 
ino in ihc H^riion, and che rc-| 
flexion growing wcake, how his 
beames make the waters appcare 
very red. 

The Moabiresin Ithorams ciinc \ 
when they rofe early inchemor- j^Klrgij. 
ningjana beheld the warcrs a farre j ^ ' 
otf.miftookc them for blood, Et\ 
c.infA hujH6 eft, qf!fj raditii fnUru \ 
in Aurora conttdtlt qtSAndam rxbc^l 
dinem^ Propter VJpdres comlu^cs 
mane'stes circj fnperficiem ierr^^ 
fer qn $5 radii trarijeunt^& idto cnm 
r fcrcnihntur in aqua jd oenljf 
^iojlroj^ trahnnt fecum ai*jdem ru^ j 
horcm^ Ofr facm^^t apparere !ocum 
aquATHtn^ in qt40 e(l rtpercf^jjloc^i 
Tubrtsm^(2Ln\\ Toj}*itiis. Thcrea- 
fon is^ becauft of his rayes, which 
being i.i the lower vapour?, thole 
doe convey an impericft mixed 




The DifcoDery 

I'ghcapon thewarcri. This the 
Moone being in the earths fha- 
dow^ and chc Sunnc bcames which 
arc round about if, not being able 
tocomcdireftly unto hcrbody^yct 
paflingthrough the fh^dow^^mal^c 
her appearc in chat ruddy colour : 
S Jtbac rhe muft appearc brighcv ft, 
whtnfheciscclipfcd, bvioginhcr 
Apoge, otgreateft diiUncefrom 
us, becaafe then the cone of the 
earths fliadow is Icfle^ and the re 
fraction is made through a nar- 
, rower medium. So on the con- 
I trary, fhe mufl- be reprciearcd un- 
der a more datke and cbfcurc 
forme when (lie is cclipf^d^ being 
in her Perige, or ncereil to the 
earthy becaufc then (he is involved 
in a greater fbadow^ or bigger 
i part of the cone, and (o the re- 
Uraftion pafling.throui^h a greater 
medium, the light muft necdes be 
weaker which dotl> proceed frcm 
it. If jouaskcnow whattherca- 
fon may be of chat light which vvf 

A — — f-^^ ■■ 

oj anc^World. 

difccroc in the darker parr of the 
new Moonc : I aiifwer. Vis rc- 
fleftcd from oar earth which re- 
Planer,asic receives from if. This 
I fliall havcoccafion to prove af- 

I have now done with thcfc pro- 
pofitions which were fee downc 
tocleare the pa(I;ge,and confirme 
the fuppofirions implied in the 
opliion^ » (hall u the next place 
proceed to a more direft creating 
ofihcchiefc matter in hand. 

Propofition 6. 

Thai there is a world in the Afoone^ 
hath beene the dirt& opinUn of 
many ancitfit^vpithfome medernt 
Mjthematictarjs^ andv^ajfra^ 
bnbly he deduced from the tenents 
of others. 

Since this opinion may be ftC* 
peeled of lingularity, I (hall 







Diog. Lictt* 

cap. II. 

The Difcolpery 

^-^— — ~'' ' ^ - — — ■■^-_^^ 

therefore fidt confirmc icbyfuffi, 
cleat authority of divers auchours 
both ancienc and modernc, that 
fo I may the better cleare it from 
the prejudice either of an upftart 
fancy, or an abfoluce erroiir, 
This is by fome attributed to Or» 
phem^ one of the mod a tcient 
Greekc Poets^whofpeakingofchc 
Moone, faies thus, >? To^A'b;gaf>, 
m>^a5-^cty Tiu'i^d: /.uAafl^rt, That it 
hath nuny mountaine? and cities, 
andhoufcsin it. To him afT^ntcd 
Xcmphanes^ j^nax^goras^ Vemo- 
cfitHj^ and Her^cHtuSy all who 
thought it to have firmc folid 
ground, like to our earth, c^ncai- 
ning in it many large fields, cham- 
pion grounds^ and divers inhabi- 
tantSj Unco the/c agreed T^ythag^^ 
tAi^ who thought that our carcb 
was but one of the Planets which 
moved round about the Sunnc, (as 
^Wy?^;//,? relates it of him) and the 
Tyth^gonans in gei^erall did af* 
firmc, that the Moonc Mo was 
ccrreliriall, that flie was inhabited 



oj a new World. 


as this lo.wer worl J.That thoff li- 
ving crrarures 5c plants vv hich arc 
in her, exceed any of chc like kind 
with us in the fame proportion, as 
their dales are longer tlim ours; 
vizhy 15. rimes, ThlsTjib^gor^f 
wasedcemcd by all, of a molM - 
vine v^ic, as appearcs efpecial ly by 
his valuacion amongft z\\c Kom^ns 
who being comanded by rhe Ora- 
cle to ercfta ihcue to the W\k{\ 
Grecian^ the Senate derermir-cd 
Fjihagor^s robe meanr^Drefcrring ^'^i'- ^•34' 
him in their judgements brforethe ^'^^^* 
divine Soerltes:, wlrm thtir Gods 
proncn x'dchewifdl.Somethi .k 
him a lerr by b'.rtb^but moft cjgrie 
thathee was much ccnvc'rlaoc a* 
mongll chc Icarnedcr fovr^Sc Pri .!h 
ofthj.tN^'ion , by ivliom !^e was 
infornr-ci of many fecretFjand per- ! 
hapSjihisopitiion, which he vejind ' 
afterwards in Greece, whc^c h.. was 
much oppofird by ^Irlfcitk ?n fome 
Worded difputacions, bf^t nevci^ 
confuted by any fol^d rc^^on. 
To thiiJ opinion of P)thagoraj 
G cj'id 


mm"* < / 


Plat, de 


The difcolpery 

did PUo alfo aflcnc, ivhcn hec 

conlid^rcd that there was the like 

eclfplc made by the eflKh^and thh 

thar ic had no light of its ownc' 

thnc it was (6 full of fpors. And 

cherefore wee may ofccn rcade 

in him sndhix followers , of an 

I "^^^^^^^ ^^nv^and If^nares p0pkli^^n 

Ub,uca.iv ^therea!h'arrh,and inhabitcrs io 

the Moone; but afterwards this 

was mixed with many ridici;]ous 

fancies: f^)rlomeorchcm confide. 

j rin^ rhc myflerics implied in the 

number 5, concluded that there 

o^uft neceffirily bee a Trinity 

of wo'lds^ whereof the firft is 

this of ours, the fccond in the 

Moone whofe clement of water 

is reprefcnted by the fpheare of 

Mercury^ ihcmzhy Venus ^ and 

che fire by the Sunne. And that the 

M'holeU.iivtrfe might the better 

^^nd in earth as it began, they have 

contrived ic.that C^^r/fhallbea 

fphcareofihefirc, lupiuroi Mt, 

SatHrr.c of water ; and above all 

thcfc,theElyfian fields, fpaciousj 


of a nerp World. 



and pleafanc places ^ppoiatcd for 
the habitation of rhofe unfpotted 
foules, that dcher never were im- 
prifoncd in^or t\Cc now have freed 
themfelves from any commtrrce 
withthe body. Scaliger fpcaking 
o{i\\iSP Utomcklhv\c\^^qt4x in tres 
truntes mund^m quaji ajjem dhi* 
^fjthinks'cisconfucation enough^ 
to fay, Wi Plato's. However tor 
the firft partofthis aflertionjit was j 
afTcnced onto by many others, ard 
by reafonofthegroCfatffjand in* 
equality of rhisplaiet, 'cv/as fre- 
quently called ^/^^^f^-T^ ccehftli^ 
as being eftefm<rd the (edimenc jj^fad^ 
and more imperfwft pare of thofe ' uru^ 
purer bodies, you may f-c thisj 
proved by Tlutjrch , in that de- j 
lighcfull work which he properly j 
made for the confirrnition of this in^it-cii 
particular, Wichhim agreed y^/- ^"'^'>^'^'* 
m^»^ and ?/.;/;«///, later Writers. ^^^^['^^^^^ 
Unrothe(e I mightalfo addc the ^ 
imperfeft tefiimony o^Mihomet^ ! 
i ivhofe authority of grant can aude ; 
'.hue little credit ro this opinion, j 

1__ Q 2 t^li-^^i? 


The difcoyery 

bccaufc hec was an ignorant im- 
poftcr , but yet confidcr that ori- 
ginali, from whence hee derived 
moft of his knowledge, and then, 
perhap?, his witncfle may carry 
with it fomc ptobablity. He i<5 
' commonly thought by birth to be 
anlfmaelite^ being inftruft:d by 
the Jcwcs in the fecrcts of their 
A^para^^j. Philo(bphy,and perhapj^lcarnd 
^ ^y- ihis from thofc R.ibhits^ for in 
his AlcAton ^ hce talkes much of 
mountaines, plcafiinr fields, and 
cle^re rivers in the heavens ^ but 
becauft; he was for the niaine very nnkarned^ he was not able to dc- 
do6lj^J,2* liver any thing fo diftioftly as he 
c^p^i ^4 vvas informed. The Cardinall C«- 
Januf and lornandus BunuSy hi Id a 
particular world in every Scarrc, 
and thereforeone of them defining 
our earth, he C'caL^^itisjlcllaqm- 
dam nohilij^ qua lunam & calorem 
& injiticntum hahti altaniy & dl 
V erf am ab omnibus aliis Jiellis-, a 
^^ noble fiarre having a diftinft 
^^ lighr^heatand influence from all 


of a new World. 

9f the reft.Uaco this mcholHiU^z 
counrry man of ours was inclined^ 
when he Gid Aflrea terra, vatura 
probahiihefii ^^Thu 'cis probable 
^< ihe earch hath a ftarry nature^ 

Buc the opiuion v/hich I have 
here delivered was more dircftly 
proved by M^jlin Keplar^ and 
Galikus^ each of them late wri- 
cer!,and famous men for cheir (in- 
gular skill in Aft^onomy. As for 
thofe workesof MajlindLnd, Kep- 
y^r wherein chcy doe raorcexprc/^ 
iy trearc of this opinion , I have 
noc ycc had the happincfleto fee 
them. However their opinions 
app-are plaine enough from their 
ownc wricings, and chetclVimony 
of others concerning chem. Buc 
hdiuf C^l'ar^ whom I have above 
quoted^ fpcukirg of tht: ir ccftimo- 
ny whom I notv zva for this opi- 
nion, viz,, Keplar and GahUus 
affirmcs chat to his ku'JwlvJge 
they did but jcft in tho(e things 
which they wrice concemicgthi?^ 
and as for any fuch vvorld,hc aflu- 




In Tbefibus 

Ck>/i Nic, 

us SydcUM, 





The difcoDery 


redly knowts they ncvrr fo much 
an drtan.t of ic« But I had rather 
belkvc their owne words>^then his 
pretended knowledgf. 

'Tis true indced^in many things 
they doc but trifle, but for the 
mainc fcopc cf thofe dUcourfcs,! 
'(i8 as manifett they ferioi^flyi 
rr cant it,a$ any indifferent Reader i 
may ^afily difcernc ; otherv^ifc' 
(lire Camfamlla ( a man as well 
acqnainttdwichhis opinioni and: 
pei ha; s his pcrfon as C£J4r was), 
woild never have writ an apolcj- 
gic for him. And btfidcs 'os very 
likely if it had becne but a jcft^ 
Gal Uti^ vN'ould never have iuSi" 
red (o much for ic as afterwards 
he did. But as for the knowledge 
ivh'ch hee pretends ^ you may 
gutflc what it was by his confir 
dcnce ( I fay not prefumpiionjin 
other afferrions, and his boldfufii 
in them may well derogate froro 
his credit if) this. Forfpeakingof 
Ttohmcs Hjpothe/ishQ pronoun- 
ces this vcrdjft^ Im^^pbUcfJin" 


of a new World. 

Cifitficornm & eptcjclommpefitio^ 
nee aliqt4is ejl ex Alathcmiticis 
adeoflultus qni vtram illa^ exijlU 
wet. '• The poficioa of Excen^ 
'' trickuzwA EpiQr/^?/ is altogether 
^^impoflible , nor is there any 
'* M4themaucian fiich a fooleas 
*< cothinkc \: true. I Ihotild gaeile 
hce could not hive knowledge 
enough to maintainc any other 
Hypochcfis who W3s (b ignorant 
inMachemancks, as to deny chat 
any g^odAuthourheldthis.For I 
would f/ine know whether chcre 
were never any thac thought the 
Heavens to be folid bodiei , and 
that there were luch kindcs of 
moion as is by thofc feincd Of bes 
fupplyed; iffo^thcn C^^^frli Gjl/a 
was much miftaken, I chinkc his 
aflertions arc equally trut! ^ that 
G aliUu J 2ind Kephr did not bold 
this , and thac there were none 
which ever held that ocher. 

But in my following difcourfe 
Ifliall moft iniiit on the obferva- 
tionof GaliUufy thcinventourof 
G 4. thic 



>^ live, i", 

\ bi 


The di(coVery 

I hat famcHOS per fpt ft ive^ whereby 
we may c^iiccrnc the heavens hard 

by ui , wlicrtby thoft things 
which Gihus have formerly gudt 
ac ?renianJfeftedto theeyc^ and 
pbinc'y difcovcrcd beyjnd (^ 
ccptioi) or doubCj of which admi- 
rablc inven^ion , tbt f^ lacar a^xs 
of the world may juftiy boaft, ad 
for this txpt a CO be celebrated by 
pollcricy.Tis related of £wJ.;.vtt/, 
chit hcc widicd himfeif.* bunt 
with P;^^^/^^ ^ To he m'ghc Hand 
over ihe Sunne to coritemphte 
i:3ri3[urt?; had hee lived iiirhcfc 
dales 5 he might huvc en joyed his 
vvifh ac an cofie rare , audfcaling 
theli;:ave.)sbychisgla(L^, nr'ghi 
plaiacly havAijfcerned v\'hacht:e 
io iriuch dili ed. KeplarcuuCidi- 
nog tbofe ftrai^.e discoveries 
which this pifr/prftivc lud nuuV^' 
could uoc choofc buc cry cue in a ' 
'^ratrc.^'znT.cix atjd rapiurcof adnJ-i 
faiion. mHlitjlifirn 6^ q:xoVu\ 
fcqtro prgtipfjui perfp/ci/Ur/^ ! a'^l 
q-^^ te dcxtra tiHctAlk non dorAhUi \ 

c on- ' 

of iinew World. 1 89 

■■' ' - - - • I I I I ■ iiiH I I 

conflittiMitr rj>:rum Dei > And 7a- Oe f^a^uU 
hames FabrkiK! iv\ cleginc wri- ^^^^^^ '^^^^* 
tCL' V Ij-^Cciking of the (unt gLff;;, 
ad tor this invcnrioti preferring 
our 3gc before chofe former times 
of greater ignorance ^ files thus ; 
qujm illi earmhiis m^gict promtyj' 
ciAitidc m^Jfjm reprepntajf.pntjri'^ 
turbos no*i tantnm imiocenter de-- 
mittamus^pdetiAm familiari que- 
dam 'iKtiihu ejHS qn^Jt cojiditivicm^ 
mhtjmur. '^ So inwch are wee 
'^ above the anclents,thc;cwht^rc»is 
*' they were faine by thdr migicj ! 
'charms CO reprefeaccheMooncs 
^^ approach, wee caniioc oncly 
^' bririg her lower vvlrh a greater 
*' innocence J bun n)?y alfo with 
^' a more fair;i!iar view behold 
" h^r condition. And bcciufe you 
fhall htive no occifion to queltion 
the truth of thofe experiments, 
ivliich } (hal af erwardsurge from 
ic : I will therefore fee dov/ne thii; 
ttliimony of anene?J^.y, andiucli 
a vjicncffj hiih alvvaies befne ac- 

I Vtphamm 


counced prevalent : you may (cc 

ic in the abovenamcd dtfar U 

I (jdlla , whofe words are chtfe : 

Af^YCurium cadaceum gejlantem, 

ccelejisa nunchre , & mortuorum 

ammas ab i*9fcris revccare fjpiens 

I V ^ [fi^xit antiqnitas. GaUlddumvero 

\{,'^r^t\0^\^^9Vtim lovif interpretem Tdejcopo 

I'^'^^x^^^^ cadHcao iff/lruBkin Sjdera aperirc^ 

rTu^vI/^I-^ t^^^^r^w Philofophorum manes 

W|ri.V%<x, \ ad fuperos revocare foUrs mj\u 

(ttJS videt (^ admiratur. Wife 

antiquicy fabled Mercury carry-. 

ing a roddc in his hand to relate 

ncvves from Heaven, and all 

backethe fuulcs of the dead, but 

it hath becne the happincflc of our 

induftrious age to fee and admire 

GaUUus diL- new EmbalTadourof 

the Gods furnifhcd with his pcr- 

fpcftivc ro unfold the nature of 

t/ie Scarrcr-jand awaken the ghofts 

of the ancient Pljilofophcrs, So 

worthily and highly did thefe 

I menefteeme cf this excdlcnt in- 

I vcntion, 

j Nowifyou would know what 

" *v- - __._ 'li^''- 

of a new World. ' 

mighc be done by thisghffe, in 
the lig^t ot fuch things as were 
neercrac hand, the fame Aathouf 
will cell yoi», tvhen hee fayss, that 
by ic ih'jfe thingi which could 
fcarceac all bse difceraed by che 
eye at the diftrincc of a mile and 
a halfc, mighc plainely and dl- 
ftidiSly bee perceived for 1 6 i a- 
lianmiles, andch^taschey v^ere 
really in thcmftlves, withouc any 
tranfpofition or falafying at all. 
So chat what the ancienc Pocfs 
wcrcfaine co pucin a fuble , our 
more happy age h^th focnJ out 
inatruth^and we maydiTcerne as 
farre wich thc(e eyes which G^/r- 
Uus hath bcftowcd upon us, 2s 
Ljnctm could vsich thofe which 
the Poets actributed uato him. 
But if you yet doubt wheth<^r all 
rhcfi ob/Vrvacions were true y the 
AmeAuchour mayconfirme you, 
wh-n hcc fiics chey were fheived, 
Kon uni ant alter I ^ fed q»4mplH'' 
ritxii^Kcj, gregarlu homv/ibiii»fd 
prac$i^ut4 atj^ difci^UnU omynhas^ 




Caf* u 



9i j The Difcoysry 

I » . * ■ I 

necnoTj Mathematics^ & epucis 
I fr^ceptis^ optiwe injltutiis fednlk 
\ ^c diligmti injpeBione. *^ Not to 
j*^oncortwo^ but to very many, 
I '^ and chofs not ordinary rrcn, but 
i'^cothofe who were well versM 
j^'in Ma":hematickesanci Opcicks, 
I *« and that nor with a mce re glance 
\ l^^buc wiih a fedulous and dili- 

•'*^gent infped^ion. And leaft any 
1 (cruple might rcmaine unanfvvc- 
; rcd^ or you might thinke the meD 
I who beheld all this though they 
\ might be skilfull, yet they came 
t with credulous minds , and ^^ 
J were more eafie to be deluded.He 

• addes that ic was fhev/cd^ vins cjui 
^'^' lad sxterime?2ta h£C contradicerid^ 

I arnmo accejferatJt, <^ To inch as 
! ^^ were come with a great dcalc of 
;''^ pr( j 'dice^and an intent of con- 
, i'^trauiftion. Thus you may fee 
[ the certairjety of thole exptri- 

• mcots which were taken by this 
: .elafle. I have fpoken the more 
1 concerning ir, becank I (liall bor- 
row many t! vMis in my farther 



of a neyv World. 

v-^MBM^V^ IB^aaWiiMBaaivaai 4V<anV<«MaaH« itai^ aw^Bavaw^W »>^Ba— — 

difcourfe, from thofe difcovcrics 
which were made by it. 

I have now cited fuch Authons 
both ancient 3n(J moderne, who 
have dircftly maintained the fame* 
opinion. I told youlikewife in 
the propofition that \t might pro- 
bably dc deduced from the tenent 
of others ; dich were ArJJlarchuSy 
PhMans and Qipcrmcur ^ vviih 
many o. her later writers who ^t 
Tented to their hyporhefis?, fo 
lo^ich. KleliCHS^ David Origantts 
LausbergtHS^GuiL Gilbert, iXn<i(ii 
I nv^y believe CamnanelU ) Imm- 
mat alii Angli & GalUXtxy ma>:y 
others both Englifli andFrercli, 
all who affirmed our Earth to be 
one of tbc^ Planets, and the Sunnc 
to bee the Cv-ncre of ali, abotit 
u'hich the heavenly bodies did 
move , and how horrid Pjev^r 
this may fceme at the fii ft,yet is ic i 
likely enough to he true 3 nor i^ j 
there any maximeor obfervatioii 
inOpticks f faich 'pf//j) rhiccan j 
difprovcir. | 







The difco )>ery 

N>w if our earth were one of 
the Planers (as icis according to 
them; then why may noc anotncr 
i^f the Planets be an earth ? 

Thus have I fhewcd you the 
cruchof thi:» propoiirion : Before 
I p^occedcfarcher , \h requifice 
thai I informethe Rr.uder^ what 
method I fliall foil >w in the pro- 
ving of this chiefe alETfion , that 
there is a World in the Moone, 

The order by which I (hall bee 
guided will b:^ that which ^rijfff. 
tie ufcs in bis booke De mmdo (if 
that booke were hi».) 

Firft, <7^^-htfuTli oi ihoU 
chiefe parts which arc in it; not 
the elementary and?echereall (as 
he doth there3 fince this doth not 
belong to rht elementary concro- 
verfie^but of rhe Sea and Land^&c. 
Secondly, ^co^TiiJco^Ta^r', ofchofc 
things Avhich are ey/r?.n(ecdll to it, 
asthe feafons , meteors and inha- 


of a ne^ World, 

Propofition 7. 

That thofe Jpots aftd brighter f4rts 
rpbfchhy our fight way be M- 
p%(4ifhed in the M)one , doe 
Jhcw the diftrence betrpixt the 
Sea and Land in that other 

FOf the cleare proofcofthis 
propofition , I (hall firft rec- 
kon up and refute the opinions of 
others concerning the matter and 
forme ot thofe fpots , and then 
flicw the greater prob«ibility of 
this p^cfenc aflcrtion, and how 
agreeable ic is to chat rruth^which 
18 moft commonly received ; as 
for the opinions of other concer- 
ning thcfe^ they have beerie very 
many, I will only reckon up thoie 
which are common and r^^markc- 

Some there arc that thinke thofe 
fpocs doc not arifi: from any de- 

__ formicy 



So Eidf in ¥.und. 

De fubtlK 


- -HI , ■ ■■■ « ■ ■ I . ■ . 

foimityofthepartSj bucadectic 
of the eye, which cannoc at fuch a 
diftincc difcerne an eq' iall I'ghc in 
that planet, but (hcfc do but oncly 
fay it, and fhevv not a ly reafon for 
the proofc of their opinion: 0- 
chers think that thcie f )mt: bcdies 
bctwixi the Sjnne and Moone, 
which keeping cff the Iij:;bfsin 
fome parts ^ doc by their (liadow 
produce theic fpocs which wee 
there difcerne. 

Others would have them to b? 
the figure of here 
below reprefcnred there as in a 
loolving-g!afie. Butnoneofchofc 
fjixicscan bectrue, bccauic the 
fpots J^rc fiil the Gmc^& not varied' 
according to the difference off la-! 
crs,and b^Rdcs^^Cardan thinks it is' 
impclTiblo thit any image fhouldi 
be conveyed fo farre as there to I 
be reprefented unto us at (tichal 

o(Fjthagorasy that he by wiicirg,' 
what W. picafed ina glalfcfjhy thej 
rcflcxio of the fame fpecies^ would ' 

make thofe Ictten to appearc in 
Che circle of chc M^^ne, whe:c 
th^y ihould bs legible by any o- 
chcr, who miohc ac thactiiucbc 
fome miL'S dilbnc irom him. * A- 
griff J affirmes this to be poffibi^, 
aiidihe way of perfonnujt!: ic hoc 
unknowne to hiinC.lte, wi h (onic 
others in his tiine. Ic may be chat 
oiir Bifhopdidbyche like m a xs 
perf-nme thofe Grange co/jcKiU- 
ons which hec proftiTcS in h'S 
\Hncui itianimatMi whtrc ha 
prcrendsthachec can inf. rme his 
tiicrds of uhac he pleafcs^^ though 
chcy beanhundrei n/ilisdidi- r^ 
firt ccti j;>7^ velmlUtdre mtllefimum^ 
tfiey a:e his owne wt^rds, aiKJ, 
perhaps, a thcufind, and all i his in 
a minu'^cs (pace, or lirtle mof., 
q'.iicl'er tha i tht S mne can move. 
No'A'j what c^'nvcyince th.rc 
fhcuM be for fo fpeeiy an-.iTif.c, 
I cannot cnnccivc^ uril^-irc ic be 
carried with chc light) tncn which 
Wee know not any thing quicker; 
but oi chii oneiy by Uicway- 

H ho.v- 

' Occulta. ad 
PhiH. 1. 1. 



civ:t. Deu 

The Difco^ery 

however^ whether thofe huages 
can be re pre fenced fb ornoc, yet 
cercalne icis, thofc fpocs are not 
fuchreprffenta lions. Somethinke 
chac whfn God had at (irft created 
foo much earthtoraakea pcrfift 
globC) not knowing well where 
tob itow the reft, he placed ic in 
the Moone, which ever fince harh 
(bdaikentd if in feme parts, but 
tnc impiety of chisis fufficient con- 
futation:, fince it fb much detrafts 
from the divine power and wilt- 

The * Scoicks held that pLmct 
to be mixed of fire and aire, and in 
their opinion, the variety of irj 
compoficion, caufcd her fpots; 
to be of an earthly nature, mixed 
with feme fire, and as for the 
Si^nne, hcc affirmed it to bcno» 
thifig fife but a fi^ry ftone; for 
which later opitiion, the Aiheni- 
ans fentcnc'd him to death ; thofc 
2ealous Idolaters counting ic a 
great blafphemy, to make their 



of a new Wot Id. 

God a lion<?5 whereas not wt^lian- 
ding^thcy were fo feuflx^lTj in thdr 
adoration of IdoUs, as to make .< 
ftonc their God, this •yinax^gor^u 
affirmed che M^onc to be murt 
tcrreliriall then the ohtr, but of 
a greater purity then any thing 
here below, and ihc fpots hce 
thoughc were nothing tlfe, but 
fom^ cloudy p^rc?, in'erminglrd 
with the light which bcI>nged:o 
that Planer, b'j: I have above de- 
firnyed the fuppcfuiono-i which 
thi-i fancy is grcu ided : Tliry 
chinkeschey arilefromfomedraf- 
fi-^^ffe, mixed \vn\\ tha: moy- 
fturc which the Moone acrrafts 
unco her fc Iff, buc hee was lF 
^^^ir opinion, who thought the 
rtarrts were nourilhed by fern: 
^archly vap-u'5, which yoa m^-y 
commonly fee r^fncwd in cnc C^m- 
mcn'jioTs on the b^(;ke5, dc C^h, 
yuMh ind ^R^t'.rldHd afr^ifi' 
fhe lpo;s to be tre thicker par's 
^^ ^he M-one, into which trrr 
Sa:^r:e cannot iriif- n^uch l.v, 




te lunn eft 

mn folum 
jed eaam 

caunui Cla- 
ra^ f A (jua 
auterti jarte 

epaidi It ^ea- 
ten s vbli li- 
ra sndctuY^ 

cap, 1 1 . 

The Difconjery 

aiid chis (iay they) is the rcalon, 
why in the Sunncs ediplcs^ the 
fpocsand brighter pans are liill in 
fume meafure diltinguifhwd, bc- 
caufe the Simtie bcames are no- 
able fo well CO penetrate through 
tho(echicker,a8 they may through 
chs chinrier parts of tha Planet, 
Of this opmion alfo was C^^r 
U GaS^f^ whofc words are thelf, 
" The Moone do(h there appcare 
^^cleareft, where (hee is tianipi- 
^^cucus, notoncly through the 
'<(iiperficies, but the (ubihrce 
^'aUo, and there flie fecmwsfpo:. 
"rtd, where her b' dy is idoII 
"opicous. The ground of this 
his alfercion was, bccaufc hec 
thought the Moonc did receive 
and beflow her lighc by ill^i- 
mination onely, and not at all 
by rcfl-xion, but this, toge- 
ther wich the fuppofed penetn- 
, cion of the Sunne bcamcs, and 
I the perfpicuiry of the Mooncs 
I body I have above anfwercd 

land refuted. 


of a ne^ World. 


The more common and gene- 
rail opinion ij, chat the fpots are Mcn,mag. 
the thinner parts of the Moaner, ^^'o^vn. 
which are hiTc able to rcfl .ft the , ^^- ^'^• 
btarnes chat - hty receive from the i colkg.con. 
Sunnc, and 'his is mofi agreeable 
to reafon, for if the Itarrcs are 
therefore Drighreft, becau(etht:y 
arc thicker a.:d more fuhd then 
their orbes, then ic wil! follow, 
that thole parts of the Moone 
which hive lefl^^ l^g-f? have 
alfo leffe thickencffr. It wn 
the providence of nature (lay 
forne)! hat foconrrived char planet 
to hive t^efc Ipots within ir^ fjr 
li'jce that isnecreli torhofc!c>w:.T 
bodies which are fofullofdeior- 
aiicy, \is rcquificc th^t ic (liould 
in fome mealure agree u-ith them, 
and as io this irifericur world thcj 
higher bodies are the moil com-'j 
plear, (u alfb in ihc hc^avens^fr-i 
t^ftion is afc<?ndcd unto by de- 
grees, and the Moone bctog the 
lowwrt^mufl: be the leaft pur", and j DiSomnik 
therefore P/?i/^ the Jew interprc- 




^ aUg ex* 


ting Ijcubs dreacne conccrn'ng chc 
ladder, r'och in an all gory fh^w 
how rhjc in the fabricke of the 
world, all things gtowptrftfter 
as they grow higlier, and this is 
chc realon ((aith hee) why che 
Moonc doih not confift of any 
pure fin^plc ma:ccr, buc is mixed 
wiihiirc, which fhtwesfj dark- 
ly \viih:n her body. 

But ihjs cinnoc be a fufficicnt 
re.?ij[ , fur though it were true 
th.r nature did frame everything 
perh iter as ic was higher, yet is it 
as ru', that nature frames every 
tH: g nillv pcrfeft for that cffice 
to ^-^hich fl^ee intends it. NoW; 
hjdfhcJn^ended che Moonc mcer- 
ly CO I . flf ft che Sunne bcamt s and 
giv- hghr^che fpotsrhen had not 
lo mucM ajgiicd h;:r provideace,as 
hci U!>;skiItuL;cfff-' a'.d imptrfcfti- 
or, ^s if in the hafte of ht^r workc 
Hue could nof cell how fom^kc 
ihjtb '^vrx.ft^yhr_,forthatefc 
^o V hi hOir appointed ic. 

Tjs iikcly ihcnihac flit had fomc 


of a nf^ World. 

Other end which moved her to 
proc^uce this variety, and ihis in 
allprobability was her in(cnr col 
mate ic a fir body for habicarion ! 
with the fame dd^^ veniencics of (ea I 
and landj as this infcrlunr world \ 
dorh partake of. For fiice the I 
Moone is fnch a vafl-, fuch a (olid 
and opacoQS body lik^carearth 
(as was above proved) why mi y ic 
not be probable, chac chofc thin- 
ner and thicker pans -ippean^g in 
hfr, doe (hew the diferciiCc h^- 
twixt the Tea '\K\ii land in chac other 
world 5 and GaliUfu ii^^obiS nof^ 
butfchac if our earth were vifiJ^le 
acchcfannc dlftancej tlitre would 
bs the like appf arance of it. 

As for the hirme of thofe fpot*^., 
fome of the vulgar thinkc they re- 
prefenca man,anJ the Pocrs gutile 
'tis the boy Eudtmiori^\'^hQ\zc .m- 
pany (lice luvfsfo Willi, rharOitr 
earring him wich her, others will 
have ic oncly to be the faceot' a 
I man as the Moone is ufually p ftn 
jred, but ^/^tr/«^thinV'ts rather. 


* Eufcblus 

The dijcoipery 

cbac ic reprdcntsa Lyon v.'ith his 
tailc coivards the E>ft^ and his 
head the Wcft^ and * iomc ochas 
have thought ic to be vcr-. much 
like a Fox,& certainly 'tis as much 
like a Lvon as r ha^ in the Zo^ltni^t, 
o? as J^r/^ wjjV is like a Bcare. 

I fhould guclTe that ic repre- 
fetits one of thcfe aswellasano 
ther, end any thing elfc as well 
<is any of theff, fincc 'cis but a 
rtrong jm ginai lon^ ivhich fancies 
fuch images as Ichook-boyes ufu- 
ally doc in the markes of a wall, 
whereas there is not any fuch fimi- 
litu.^e in the fpots themfclvts, 
which rather like our Sea, in re 
rpcftcf the lind, nppearcs under 
a rucked and confa/edfigure, ard 
doth tvx reprefenc ary dfriii^ 
Jmage^ fo that b th in re/peftol 
the macrer and the forir.c ic may 
be probable enough, that thole 
rpou anci brighter parts may Oiew 
the dilHnftion betwixt the Sea 
and Land in that other world. 

Pfopoficion ^. 

of a neyjp World, 


Propofition 8. 

The [pots reprefent the f^ta^ and 
the bf^hter parts the Land. 

WHcn I firft compared the 
nature of otir eanhand 
vvarer with chofc appcaiance^ )n 1 
cheMocnc; I concluded copTjry 
to the propofition^thic 'hv" brigh- 
ter pans repieicnteci che uacr r^ 
apd chtr fpors che \m\c\ ; of 'hi? oj'i- 
nion likcvvifc vvas Kep/ar ar the 
firft^ but my fccond chouahts, a- d Qpt^^fim, 
the reading of others, have now j c 6,num9 
convinced me (as aftc^r h^ was j of i ^'//>'^ ('^^ 
the truth of chut [^ropofiion l'^^^'^^^^ ^^'• 
which I have now fet dtnvnc. Rue 
before 1 c^me co the connrnuc ion 
of irj (hall fricitiOii chcie iciupks 
which at lirft made meedoubcuf 
che truth ot this opinion. 

I. Iraiay beobjed^ed/tisprr- 
b.^^ble^ if there be any f ch ka and 
landasours ihati: b^arsfomc pro- 
portion af.d limilicude v^'ich our*^^ : 
but now sh.s Propohcion take? a- 



Extrcit- j8. 


The Dijcoyiery 

••^■^^ I ■^MWM— ^■-kJK^ fcMMMWi^ «^»»»«»— ^il^l,^ ^__^ 

way all Jikcnefle bee wixt chctr/or 
whereas the fiiperficies of our 
earth is but the third part of the 
whole furface in the globe, two 
parts being overfpread with the 
water (as Scaliger obfcrves) yet 
here accord ing to this opialon, the 
S:afhould be lefle then the Land, 
fince there is not fo much of the 
befpotted,as ther is of the enligh- 
I teiaed parts^ v;hereforc 'tis pro* 
j bable, that either there is rofach 
j thing at all, or elfc that the brigh- 
ter parts are the Sea. 

2. The water, by rear)n of 
the imoothnefie of its (uperficie?, 
fcemcs becter able to rcfl.^ft the 
\ Sun bcames then the earthy which 
in moft places is (cyfuU of rugged- 
nefleof grnffc and trees, andiuch 
befideSjComon experience fi^ievvcs, 
that the water (Lines with a grea. 
ter and morcoloriousbrightncffe 
[hen the earth, therefore it fhouM 
feeme chat \ he \pois> are the earth, 
and the brighter parrs the water. 


of a ncvp World. 


But to the fiift ic ra^y be an- 

1. There is no great probability 
in thisconfrquence, thacbecaufe 
Vis (b wiih us, therefore ic muft 
be (o with the parrs of che Moone, 
forfincecbere is fich adifF:rercc 
betwixc them in divers other rc- 
fpeft s/hey may norjperhaps,agrce 
in this. 

2. That affcrtion of Scaliger is | Bt hUtterk 
not by all tranced for a truth. Fro^ \^^* ^* ^- 
wo^i^m with others^ thinke, that I * • 
the fupcrficies of tbe Sra 2nd Land 
in fo nuch of the world as is alrea- 
dy difcovcred^is cqa^n^aad of che 

5. ThcOibeof thicl'eari'lva- 
porous aire which cncon^patTes 
the Moone, makes the brighter 
parts of(hat Pbner appearc big- 
ger then in thtmCIvesihey arc ; 
ai. I Ihill (hew afterwards. 

To ihe feco. d it may be anfwe- 
red, that rhough the vwttr b,- c f a 
<mooih fipe/fic'.e^, atjd U may 
fecme molt fie torevabtrare the 



lighr, yctbecaiife Ms of a pcrfpi. 
muft (idke inco ir, and cannot fo 
ftrorgly and clearcly bercflcfted. 
^kfit in Jpc>ctilo ubiflumbtim ahra- 
jum funzty (Qich C^rdin) as in 
Looki( g-glafJes where part of the 
kad is raized off, and uorhing left 
behind to reverberate the image, 
the rpecies muft there pi(Tc 
through and nocbackeagaine; fo 
it is where the beamrs pencrrare 
and fi.ike inco chc (iibftance ofthc 
body, there cannot be fuch an im- 
mediate and llrong rtfl flion as 
ivhcn they arc bcatc backe from 
the fapcrficies^ a )H thi?reforethc 
Sunne caults a greater bcareby 
farre upon the La. id then upon the 
warer. Now as for that experi- 
ment, where \\% fii J^that the wa- 
ters have a orciarer brighcncff: 
then the Lan i : I anfvvcr, 'tis 
true onely there v-herc they ic- 
prcfenc the image of the Sanne 
or fome bright cloud, and not 
^11 other places 3 a3 is very 




oj atis'^'World. 




nbiac by corrmon obfcrvaciop. i 
So that no:wichftanding thole 
doubts, yec this Propofi-ionmay 
rcmaine true, that the (pots may 
be the SiCj an J the brighter pares 
the Land. Of this opinion was. 
Plutarch : u uo him aflentcd Kep-* 
hf and (j AiUuf^ whcfe words 
arcthw('3 5i quis vetsrU'n Pytha^ 
zori-ornm fenterjttjm excufcujvc 
vrln, If^namfcilicct ejfe ^f^jfi ten- ■ ^y^^,.^^.,^ 
Ycmalttrarn, 'jftspjrs I'^cidtoTtcr- ^ 

Ycn*im juperjicnm^ chfiurior verb 
AqH^amniiQ^is corgrae r^pr^efc^tel. 
Alibi Hit cm duhmm fJt nw qujm 
tcrrffiiis glohi i lovgc cnr.fpeSi^^i^^ 
4 radiii joljTtbHs perfuji^ terream 
ffipifficiem clariirem^ ebft'Ufiorcm 
vero aquijm fefe i« coy^ffcSum 
da^uram. ^' If any man have a 
^'minde to renew the opinion of 
"the PjthagoreaKSy that the 
'^Moone is another earch, then 
"her brighter parts mayficlvrc- 
'^preicnt the earths fuperticics, 
'^and the darker part the water : 
" atid for my part J never doiibred 






II o 



*' btit thic our earchly globe beinj 
^^Hiincd uponbytheSunne, and 
^' beheld at a great diQancc, the 
^' Land would appeare brighceft 
^' and ch e Sea more obfcurely,The 

1. That which I urged about 
the foregoing Chaprer, beciufc 
the water is Che thinner parr, and 
therefore muft give the Icfle light. 

2. Becaufw! obfervaciontdsus 
that the fpotrcd parrs are alwaics 
fmoochand equally havingevery 
whereanequaliiy of ligrhc, when 
oncerhey are enlighrcied by the 
Sunne, whereas the brighter pans 
arc frjjl^of rugged gibbcfirtts and 
mountaincs having miny (hades In 
them, as I (hall (hew more at large 

That in thi« Planet there muft 
be Seagj CampaneHa indeavours to 
firove out of Soiprure iwrxptt^ 
ting the ffiaters above tkd Fi ma- 
^cnt fpcken of in Gcnefis to be 
meant of the Sea in this world, 
For (faith he) Ms not likely that 


oj ane^World. 


there arc any (uch waters above 
the Orbes to moderate that heacc 
which they receive from their 
fwifc motion (as fome of the Fa- 
thers thinke)nor did Mofa neanc 
the Angells which may be called 
fphituall waters, as Orlgen and 
Aujlin would have ir3 for both 
thete are rcjeftcd bychegencrall 
confcnt : nur could hemcaneany 
w;ters in the (ecoid region^ as 
moft Commencatorrj interpret it. 
For firft there is nothing but va- 
pours, which though they arc 
afterwards turned into water, yec 
while they rcRiainc there, they 
arc onely the matter of that ele- 
ment, which may as well bs fire 
oreartbjorairet 2. Thofe vapors 
are not above the expAi3p4m^ bat in 
if. So that hcethinkcs there isno 
other way tofalveall, but by ma* 
king the Planets ftvcrall worlds 
wiihSea& Land^withfuch PtivcTS 
and Springs^ as wee have here be- 
low : Especially fince Efdra4 
fpeakes of the fprings above the 





1 £ 2 

Firmainenc, hue I can.oc agree 
with him in this^, nor doe I th nke 
chJC any fjch cbing an be proved 

Before I proceeds to the next 
Pofrion, 1 (h:\\ firft anfwtrftmc 
doubrs which mjght be made a- 
gaint^thc general'cyofchi$truch, 
whereby it may /ecmcimpoffible 
chat there (honld beeicher S^a or 
LandinrheMjone; forfijcefh;; 
mov-sfofvvifcly as Aftronomcrs 
oblervc, v^hy then does there no- 
thing fdll from her, or uhydorh 
tliec not rhake (bmething ou*by 
ihs Celerity of her revolu ion ? I 
aiifwer, you niuft kfK)VV chat the 
inclination of every heavie body, 
coics proper Center doth luffici- 
ently tie U unro its place^, (ochat 
r^ppofc any thing were feparaccd, 
yet muft it necclfarily rcturnca- 
gaine^and there is no more danger 
ohhcir falling, into our world then 
trerr is fcare of our falling inco 

But yet there are many fabulous 


rchcioas of (uch things as have 
drupp«4 chence. There is a calc 
I of the N^meanLyon that Hrrc«- 
lesd^VJ^ which firft rufhing a- 
|mor.g the beards ouc of his un- 
j knownc dro in the Mouncaine of 
j Cjtheron in Boeeilt^ the credulous 
'people thought he was fciicfrom 
i their Gcddtdc the Moone, And 
I if a whirle-windc did chance to 
(Iiacch any thing up, and after- 
wards raine \i doiViie agaiac, the 
ignorant multitude arc ape to be- 
lieve tn^cicdiopf: from H:^ayen. 
Thus /Iz/icennd relates the ttory 
of a CdP; which fell downe in a 
(tormc.che bdinldcrs thinking it a 
Mooctilfcand chat it k\\ thence. 
So Ca^ddn travelling U[ion the 
ApeiiriucM-'nncaip.cSj a ftddcn 
bUft tooke ofl his hit, which if it 
had b:ene carryrd farre, !ie thi .ks 
the pcafints who had perceived ic 
jtofal!^ would havcfwofDC it hid 
I rained hats, After fbme fuch man- ! 
j ner many of our prodigies com^-: 
! to paffc 1 and the peoDle are wil- 

T lliW U HI I I li M I Kl lll H I ii Om mM 

f ^»I W I H «| ■wi > l i «H jJ M ** 



I itk 

The difcolpery 

" » i m ^l .»»< 

T 3 

lipg ro believe any things which 
f hey niay relate co others as a verv 
ft'^ang^' and wonderfull erent. I 
doubt nor but the Trojan PaUidu 
urn ^ the Romane-/^iw€/t;^, aid 
our Ladits Church at Lohuq^ 
with many ftcred rcliq»ies prtfcr- 
vcd by the Papifts mij^hc oroppe 
from the Moone as well as any of 

Burjicmaybe agaireobj fted^ 
fuppo/e there were a bullet (hot 
upin ihac worldj would not the 
Moonr runne away from ir^before 
it could U\\ downe, fince the mo- 
tion nf her body (being every day 
round rs\xx earth) isfarre fwifccr 
than I he other, and fb the bullet 
muft be Irfr bchinde,and a: length 
fall downe to as ? To this 1 

1. ]fa bullet could befhotfo 
farre till it came to the circumfe- 
rence of thoft things «irhich belong 
to our center, then ic would fall 
downe to us.- 

2. Though there Tvcre Tome 

^ heavy i 

' '^^««4»*>«HinnMv«win9^ 

oja new World. 

hcavicbodya grcac height in that 
aycr, yet would the motion of i s 
c«;ntrc by an attraftite Ycrcue ftill 
hold ic whin i^8 convenient di- 
ftance,tb that whether their ear* h 
moved or flood fiill, yet would 
the fume violence ca(^ a body from 
ic equally farre. That I may the 
plainer exprefle my meaning, 3 
will fee do wnc this D.»a£iammc, 

i a 




1 5 I The diJco'r>ery 



I Suppoft this earth were A, 
wl/icb was CO move in the circle 
QD. and Ice the bullet be fuppo- 
<edacB. within ics proper verge; 
I fay, whether this earth did ftand 
(til or move fwifrly towards D,yec 
the bullet would ftill keepe at the 
Gme diftance by rcafon of that 
Magneticke vertue of the center 
(iflmay fbfpeake) whereby all 
things within its ipheare are ac- 


of a ne-Q? World. 

cracked with ir. S^ that th:^ vio- 
lence co the bvallec^ being noching 
dfe buc that whereby *cis remo- 
ved from its center j therefore an 
eqiiall violence can carry a boiy 
from its proper place , buc ^t an 
(.qiall (iilhnce whecher or no the 
center ftjind (lill or iiuve. 

The impartiall Reader m^iy 
finde ilifiicient fidsfaftlon tor (his 
and (ach other argurnclics as my 
be urged againftthe motion of th^c 
earth in the wricingsof C^pfri?'- 
cw and his followers, nnto whom 
for brcvJc!cs fxkt 1 will rcferre 

Propofition 9. 

That there arc high Aionntaws^ 
deepe v.tU'es^ a7icifp^cious pUincs 
in thebodj of the M^om* 

IT Hough there are (om? who 

1 thi'ike Mja?na!nes to bee a 

dtformkyinthecarchj as if they 

I 3 were' 



were eirht. r bearc up by the flood, 
oreKc caftiiplike lo nuny heaps 
of rubbifh left at the creation, yet 
ifv;cll confidcred, they wjill be 
found as much to conduce to the 
beauty and convenicncy of tf^c 
ii^ive/ fc as any of the other p^rcs. 
N.4Uire (Oiiih Tliny ) purpofcly 
framed them for many excellert 
lifts: partly to tame the violence 
of greater Rivers, to ftrcngthen 
cerrai^e joypt. within the Vcinei 
ai^d b jwcis of the earth, to brcake 
the force of the Seas inundaion, 
and for the ftfety of the earths in- 
hnbirantsjwhrthcr beafts or meiu 
That thty mi»ke rauch for the 
prorcQion o{ bcafis the Pfilmift 
Cc (iific^ , Ihe higheji hilt arf a re- 
fuge fo)* ib^wildcGoatj ^ and the 
rockcs fur Conicr. The Kingly 
Prophet had learned the fafety 
of ihefe by bisowne cxperieocc, 
when he alio was faine to make a 
mountaine his refuge from thf fury 
^fhis Maft(r5^;</, whoper/ccu- 

tcdbiminthcwildcrncfic. i 


of a. nexp World, 

- ■ " . - '■ " ' « 

True indccd/uch places as thefc 
kccpc their neighbours poorr, as 
becing moft barren, but yet they 
prefccve them fafe, as being moll 
(Irong, witnefle our unconquercd 
WaUs and Scotland. , whcfc grea- 
ceft proteftion hath bccne the na- 
turall ftrengthof their Councrcy, 
fo fortified with Mouataincs, 
that thefe, have alwaics been unto 
them (lire rctraltes from the vio- 
lerjce and opprtfTion of others^ 
wherefore a good A'lthour <-^och 
rightly call them ni^ures bu!- 
Witkcs caft np at God Almighties 
owne charges, the Icori/es and 
curbs ofviftorious armies, wh''ch 
made the Barbarims in Cum^^^ 
fo confident of their owne fafccy, 
when chey were once retired to 
an inaccefliblc mountainc, that 
when Alexanders Legate had 
brought them to a parley and pc - 
fwadiug them to yceld, told them 
of his matters viftoric5, what Seas 
and VVildemeffes hee had pafTtd, 
they replycd that all that might 

I 4 be 




Dcut. 33, 

The dijcoDerj 

be, but could Alexander fly eoo > 
Ovtt rhe Seas he might h.ivc (liips, 
c»nd over chc land horlb ^ bac hce 
muft have wings b;rore he could 
gee up thuhcr. Such fafety did 
thofe barbarounjations cu; ceive 
in che mountaines whcreunto they 
were tetyrcd, cercalricly rhen fuch 
ufifull pa-'ts ivere nor the eftft 
ofmansiinne, or produced by the 
Worlds curft che flood^but rather 
ac the fiilt created by the good- 
ncffe and providence of ch^ AK 

So that if I intend to prove that 
the Moone is fuch a hab'cabk 
world as this is, 'cis rcquifitethat 
I nn*w it to hcivethe fame conve- 
nienc's of hablracion as this hath, 
and here if foiiic Rabbi or Chy^ 
rnickewcre to handle the point 
fhey would firli prove it out of 
Scriprur.^ , from' th.^r pbcc in 
Afokslh bltfli g^ v^^htre hee 
fpeakes of the atci. nr moun- 
tain's and laOing hils , Deut. 33 

oj\i new World. 

I li 

for having imme.ii.itely before 
mentioned thofe bLfH ^i^,? v^^'hich 
(houldhjppen nninlofcph byrhe 
infl'Jt^iKc ot die Moonc , h^^ dors 
pieftntly ex^guicaJly vcf■^u■: the 
in bl (li-g bim wirh the chie.4 
tlmigsof the ancieiK Mo.]nt.:inc;s 
and iafVn'g hiI^' • you m jy .ilf) /ee 
the Q(v.e cxpretfiou u[,:d in Ijcobs 

Bur however wc miy de.?Ie pro 
orr/^«iri Phili«fopny,y"cvve mail 
not )e(l: uuli ciivnie rriKi^f, or 
bring Scripture! CO panroi i^.. ?ny 
fancy of onr ownc,tiioug!% j 
hap?^ icbcrrutli^ For the \>c->U:y | 
proofr of this propoii^i- n J niJj'tc | 
here cifcrhe r^^fii.rony l Vi'd'j^ I 
nif, \v!io chon^JK chc M>o'<^^ to 
bte foil of rugipfed piao:s , vi^ut \ 
UYTSjinblis tHmulis ppirLi!iof.:/j^ \ 
b'lt he er^cd -laich iu (0:11. Circi; 'i- j 
lUiicesoiMiis opinion, e/jnc aiiy j 
v.hrr.^he (lies, rh:roiS3»i llh>d j 

in^.hc>ie hi!s nuyro c!k* eye brJ j 

p!ai.;Lly c'ifcovercii 5 and tor this \ ^^jy 

^ ^"^ ' f \\ 

^ rx '^^ 


The Difcoyery 

* Vfi,aut 
/.i.r. If- 


rcafon. * C£Vim calls him a fabu. 
lou5^Writer,bucyou may fee more 
cxprefl'e authority for thcproofc 
of this in the opinions of Anaxa^ 
goras and Vemocrituf , who held 
that this Phnet was full of cham- 
pion grounds^ mountains and val- 
lies, and this ftcmcd Hkcwife pro^ 
5 babk unto j4figf^fitnm Nifni^ 
\7hofe words arc thefe .• Forfitan 
nt^n f/? temoitim dicerejun^ partes 
f(fe diver fis^vthtifiint part est err^i 

\ «i/rf, ex (jfSitrum differentia effici ' 
]prtej} fjciifS ila lundi • nee eft ra* 
j lions dijfufihm^ nam lun:i tfl corpui 
J irr.pcrfeUe Spl,\tricf^m^ cum fit cor^ 
: pus ak tihim^ ccelo elongatum ^ Ht 
\/uj/ra dixi jirijioteles^ PerhjpSj 
\^^\i would not be amiOc ro lay 
I ^^ that the parts of ihe Moone 
i *--* were divers, as the parts of this 
^' r;irth,whercof fjme jrcvallieSj 
I '' ar,d Coxn^ m juntaiacs^ from the 
l^diffjicncc otwhichj fomefpots 
j **in the Moone may proceed, nor 
is this 3gainft rcafon , for that 

« Planet 


<^ Plancc cannot be pcrfcdiy Iphe- 
'^ricall/inc< 'tis to rcfiiotca b')ciy 
«< from the fi^lt orbe, as AriJlotU 
^^ liad faid before. You may fee 
this truih aiT^ntcd untoby BUrica- 
«/^the Jvlbit, andby himc >nfir- 
nifd With divers realb.^s, K^pUr 
ha h obfi.^rvcd in the M jacs 
fclipfts, thac thedivifion ofhwr 
cnlighcfcned pare from theftadcd, 
was made by a crooked urcijtuK 
linejOt which ihcfc cannot beany 
probable caufcconcc^ived, uol ff, 
icdid aiife from therugg di if: 
ofchat planer , fcr ic cannor v all 
be produc'd from ihc (h^d" of ;ny 
mountains here npon e^nh , be- 
caufc ihi Cz would be fo 1 : ih^A bv- 
tore thev coold reach fo high in a 
coiiicall (hjdow^ that they would 
net be at all Gnfible untou^ T^s 
mighteafiJy be demonrt rated) nor j 
caj ic be conceired wh^t rcifon ot j 
this difference there (hould be in I 
the Sonne.Whereforc there being 
no other body that hath any thing \ 
to doc in ecIipfi^jWC muft ncctiA- i 

^^ Mundl 
-^P^on, Opt. 


i »^'4 

The Dijco'^ery 

\ mm\ ■■ 

■■ ■ 

nly corcludt^thaticisca'fedbya 
vafkty of parts in \hi Moone it 
frife ^^A what cm there be but its 
gibbofiries ? Now if you fhould 
askc a reaf)!! why there fliould be 
ftch a iimilicude of thefc in that 
Plincr, the fame 7<r^/?/^r (hill jcft 
yod'ouc an anfv/erc, for fuppofing 
(fiith he) tbofe inhabituics are 
bii^ger thao any of us in the fame 
I roportionjastheir daicsarelon- 
ger than ours, viz. by fif(ccn times 
icm<^ybcc for want of ftones to 
ertft fuchvaft houfes 2i% were re- 
qnifitc for their bodies, they are 
faine to digj^e grexc and round 
hollo wes in the earthy where they 
may both procure water for their 
thirft, and turning about with the 
flude, may a^oid thofc great liears 
which orhcTvvife they would be 
Ivab!. tiPto; or if you v;ill give 
CtUr Ja GrMa leave to gucill* in 
the f-.Ti;.^ rn'3nner,hc vjould raiher 
thinkihattbofechirfty nations call 
up romany^ind fo great heaps of 
earth in digging ohheir wine cel- 

of a ne^ World, 


lars, bur chis onely by che way, 

I fhall next prodtxc che cyc- 
witneifc of GaUUM ^ on which I 
moft of all 4ctjend for the prooL 
of this Propofuion , vv hen he be- 
held thcnewMoonechrough his 
pirfpcftivejirspp^ared to him un- 
der a rt g^ed and Ipotced figure, 
feeming co have the darker and 
enlightned parts divided by a tor 
tuous line, having iome parcels of 
light ac a, good diftance Iromthe 
other, and this difference is {o re- 
rrurk^blc, that you may c^fily 
perceive ic throngh cni' of thofc 
ordinary pi;ripc£tivvs^ which are 
commonly fold amongft us , but 
for your betCi!;: appr'hcndliig of 
whn f dsilivcr, I wd! kcdowne 
the F;gure as I jiad it in GallUt^is : 



■ » I i m ■■■«■ 


The difco y>ery 

11 i 

rt*? 1/ III 'lis jifl 

Afftife ill 

' 'i' '' III' "; U ' |l If J',''" 


N 1 






SoppofcARCD fo repn?fent 

rfie appejnnce of the Mooncs 
body btirgrafex i!c, you msy 
fcefomc br);^hrer p^rts ftparafed 
at a prer^y f^iibrcc from the other, 
wMchanbfc poihingelfe biic a 
n flex ton ofthc Sunne-beamcs up- 
o^ fomc partstliac ^re higher rhcn 
'hcri^fl^^ud chofeobfcure gibbo. 

/ ofanc^lVcrld. 

[firics which ftard out (owardsthc 
I enlightened parrs mu!i bee fuch 
boUo'^v and deepe j^Iaccs whereco 
the rayes cannot rrach, but when 
the Moone is got furrlnr off from 
the Sonne, and come co th.u fuU 
nefleifischis line BD doth repre- 
fenc her under, then doc rhef^ 
pares alfb receive an cquail light, 
excepting onely rhic difference 
which do:h appe^re bet wixc chtir 
fca and land. Andifycudoccn(i- 
der how any rugged body would 
appeare, being enlightned, yoa 
would cafily conceive chic ic mnft 
neccflarily fe^mc under (brae ftch 
gibbous ur.ecjuall forme, a^ the 
Mooncisherereprcfcnced. Now 
forchcinfallibllicyot thefc appea- 
rances,! (ball referre the reader to 
that which hath beene faid in :he 
6^^ Propofirion. 

Bat Cafar la GaSj ?ffirmc?,chic 
all thcfe appearances may confift 
with a phine fuperficics^ if wcc 
(uppofe the parts of the body to 
be ferae of d)?mj VyiphjyoMyiip.d 

. * fonn? 



The difcoyery 

ihat the light which is conveyed 
to any diaphanous pare in a ol^inc 
fapcrficies muft be Ny a co. tinaed 
li'ie, w-^ereas here chcreappsarc 
many b>ighc^r pares air^ong the 
'^bicurearrme dKlance fromthi: 
'dl. Tochishea fvvtrs^icmaya- 
rile tf om foiTiL* (I. cr^t conveyances 
and chjnnel? wichir; her b jcly^cbac 
doc coi.fiii of a morcdi^phinoui^ 
rr;iiccr which being covered oyer 
wi;h an cpuci^^ iisfnperficics, the 
\^'^}^^z paflii^g ihrongh iiienr rnuy 
brea?;c our a grc:ac way ofF, i': hcrc- 
^s the orlier parts hcimxz may 
li'll remaine darke. Juftasthc 
tuviir ^mhnfa m Skilc which 
ruoncs under ground for a great 
^v>y, andafcrjnvards breakcs one 
sgaiif. Four bfcrujlcchisiaoneof 
rhe ch'Ciclt fancies whereby hee 
chiakes hee hacn fully anfivered 
cheargUT^ems of diisopimon^ I 
will therefore fee downe his an • 
f'werein hisownc words, lert the. 
Reader n.ight fijfp-a: more in I 
— - tht^n 

of a new World. 

them then I have cxprcffcd. No^ 
ejl imfojfibile cacos dutlus diaphatti 
(frpcrfpicui corpdrify fed ^pacAfu- 
ferficie protendt^uf^ tn dtapha>9jm 
aliquam ex prof undo injaperficfem, 
mcr^entem p4rte»fyper cjhoj dalim 
lumen hf^go pojlmodnm intcrjituo 
irumpat , drc. Buc I reply^ifthc 
fuperficiesbccwixc chefetwo en- 
lightened parts rcmainc darke 
bccaufeof its opacityjchen would 
iC3lwaifsbedarke,andthc Sonne 
could not make it partake ofJight 
more then it could of pcrfpicaity : 
But this contradiQs all experience 
as you may fee in GaliUtM , who 
affirmcs that when the Sunne 
comes nearer to his oppoficion, 
then that which is betwixt them, 
bo:h is cnlightaed as well as ei- 
ther. N»ythisoppo(cshi« owne- 
eyc-wicncffc,for hcconfefles him- 
fclfethathc fiwthisbyth^glaire 
He had {aid before that he came 
to fee thofc ftrange fights difco- 
vercd by G^/i/^^/ his gUirewiih 
an intent of contradiftion^and you 
K rnav 


Cap* 1 1 . 

-'■S—f- / 






The Di(co'very , 

1i^M^^i^^»^«i^W^— .^M^ ■ .l^»^1.» ■■■W.IM. .«Wi^— — — ^— 

may rcadc that contircned in the 
weakcntfle of this anfwerej 
which rather bcwraycs an obftl- 
nace then a pcr(wadcd will , for 
otherwife fiire hce would never 
have undcrtookc to have deflroy- 
ed ilich cercaine proofcs wich fj 
groundlejffc a fancy, 

Bucicmaybee objefted, that 
•cis almoftimpofTible,andalcoge- 
ther unlikely chat in the Moonc 
chece fhuald be any moantaines fo 
high as chofc obftrvations make 
them 3 for doe but fiippofe accor- 
ding CO the common principles, 
that the Moones diameter unto 
the Earths is very ncere to the 
proportion of 2. to 7, fuppoft 
withall that the Earths diameter 
containes about 7000 Icalian 
niiles, and the Moones 2000 (as 
is commonly granted ) now Gali- 
/<««/ hath obfcrved that fome pans 
have been enlightened when chcy 
were the twentieth pare of the 
diameter diftant from the com- 
mon terme of illufliination, fb that 


hence it muft neceffarily follow \ 
that there may bee (bme Moun- 1 
taincs intheMooncfohigh^ that 
chey :irc able to caft a fhadow a 
100 miles off. An opiuionthac 
foiuids like a prodigic ora fiftion; 
wherefore 'cis likely that either 
thofc appearances are caufcd by 
fomc what elli befides mountaiae?, 
or d(c thofe are fallible obfer- 
vationSj from whence naay follow 
fuch improbable inconcciveabk 

But to this I aofwerc; 

I .You miift confider the height 
of the but very 
lictkyf yon compare them to the 
Icngch of their fhadowe?. S^.^^A 
ttr Kan>kiib obfervcs that the 
Mount Athos now called Lacoi 
cafts its fhadow 360 furlongs, 
which is above 37 miles 5 and yet 
thac Mount is none of the highcft, 
nay Solinus ( whom I lliould ra- 
ther believe in this kinde)affirmes 
that this MouDCaine gives his fha- 
dow quite ovec tbc Sea, from 
K 2 Mactaen 

1. 1 1 . 


' The DifcQfvery 

■■ ■ ■ ■ II ■ ■III. —■■^■■1 III! !!■ , 

MAcedon to the lie of Lemnos 
which is 700 far longs or 84 miles, 
and yet according to the common 
reckoning ic doth fcarce reach 4 
miles opwards^ in its perpendicu- 
lar height* 

3, iafSrmethat there are very 
high Mountaines ia the Moone, 
Kcflar and Galtltfis thinkc that 
they are higher than any which 
are upon our earth. But I am not 
of their opinion in this , becaufc I 
fuppofe they goe up^n a falfc 
ground whilft they conceive that 
the hjgheft raountaine upon the 
carchis not above a mile pcrpen- 

Whereas 'tis the common opi- 
nion and found true enough by 
obfervation^that Oljmpuf:,t/itla$, 
Taumt and Emns^ with many 
othcrsare much above this height. 
tinarifa in the Canary Hands is 
proved by computation to bee a. 
bove 8 miles perpendicular, and 
about this height is th<t mount 
Perj4caca in America. S^lPalter 

of a neyfi World. 

%aufUtgh (ctmtno thinkc, that 
the bigheft of thefi is nccrc 30 , 
miles upright : nay Arifiotlefptz^ f!lT*^* '* 
king of Caucafus in j^fia^ affirmcs 
ic to face vifibic for 560 miles, as 
forae inicrpretcrs finde by compu- 
fation, from which ic will follow, 
that ic was 78 miles pcrpcndicu*. 
larly high, as you may fee con- ^^^P^^^'** 
nrracd by Jacobus Maz^onms^ and' \^iatone 
out of him in Blancanus the jc-| ScR.i.c.$ 
fuicc. But this deviates from the 
tmth more in cxcefle then the o- 
tber doth in d^kdi. However 
chough thc(e in the moone arc not 
fo high as fomc amongfi: us , ycc 
ccrtainc ic is they are of a grc ac 
height, and fome of them at the 
•eaft foure miks perpendicular. 
This I fhajl prove from the ob- 
ftrvation of G^^/i/ifWf, whofcglafle 
can (hew this truth tothcfcnfeSja 
proofc beyond exception and ccr- 
ciine that man muft needs be of a 
moft timerous faith who dares not 
believe his owne eye. 
By chat perfpeftive you may 
K 5 plainelyj 
loc. MAtb* 



I > I ■ 

154 The difcoipery 

plainely difccrnc /bme cnlightned 
parts fwhich are the mountaines) 
to be diftant from the other about 
the twentieth pare of the diarac 
rer. From whence it will follow, 
that thofc mountaines muft necei- 
fatily be at the l«ft foure Italian 
n^iles in height. 

v^- A_ B 

For let B D E F be the body of 
the moone , A B C will be a ray 
or beamc of the Sunoe, which 
enlightens a mountainc at A and 


5 is the poincof concir7gency,chc 
diftance betwixt A and B muft bee 
(uppofcd to be the twentieth pare 
of the diameter which is an loo 
raiks/or fo far are (bme cr I ghce- 
I cd parrs fevered from the com- 
mon ferme of illumination.Now 
the aggregate ot the quadrate 
from A 5 a hundred , and BG a 
1000 will bee loioooo, unto 
which the quadrate arifing from 
AG muftbeequall according to 
the 47^^ propoficion in the firft 
booke of elements. Therefore the 
whole line A G 19 (bmewhat 
more than 104, and the di- 
ftance betwixt H A muft be above 
4 miltf Sjwhich was the thing to be 

But it may beagaine objefted, 
if there be fuch rugged pares , and 
fo high mouncaines, why then 
cannot wee difcerne them at this 
diftance, why doth the m jone ap- 
pearc unco us fo cxaflly round, 
and not rather as a wheele with 

teeth > 

K 4 I 

I anfwercjby reafon of coo gxtat 
a diftancc, for if the whole body 
appearc to our eye fo little , then 
thofe parts which beare fo fmall a 
proportion to the whole will not 
at all be fcnuble. 

But it may be replied, if there 
were aoy fuch remarkcable hils, 
why docs not the limbc of the 
moone appearc like a whcele 
with teeth to thofe who looke 
upon it through the great per. 
Tpt ftive on whofe witnefleyou fo 
much depend? or what reafon is 
thtfethac ftie appearesascx^Sly 
round through it as fiiee doth to 

the bare cye?certainely then either 
there IS no fuch thing as you ima- 
gine, or tKe the glafTc lailes much 
in this difcovery. 

To this I fhillanfwerc out of 

I, You muft know that there 
is not mcercly one ranke of moun- 
taines about the edge of the 
moone, but divers orderi, one 
mountaine behind another, and 



of a ne'So World. 

fo there is foraewhat co hinder 
chofe void fpaccs which oiher^ 
wife,pcrhap8^ mig^t appearc. 

Now where there be many hils, 
the ground fcemes even f o a man 
thac can fee the tops of all. Thus 
when the fei rages, and many 
vaft waves are hticd up, yec all 
may appearc plaineeaough co one 
chacftandsatchcfhore. So where 
chere arc lb many hi!s,the insq'i> 
licy will br leflTc remarkable, if 
it be difcen^ed at a diila: ce, 

2. Though thti c be mountains 
in that part v^hich apprarr^ unto 
US, to be thelimbeofcheMjooe, 
as well as in any other place, yet 
che bright vapoars hide (heir ap- 
pearance : for thtrc is an o;be of 
thicke vaporous aire chac doth 
immediatlycompaffe fhcbodyof 
fhc Moone, which though it have 
tloc fo grear opacity, as to termi* 
nacc the fighr, yec being once en- 
lightened by the Sunne, ic doch re- 
prcHnt the body of the Moone 
lender a greater forme,andhind'r« 


■m y 


The Dijcolpery 

our fight from a diftinft view of 
her true circutrfcrence. But of 
thi8 ia the next Chapter* 

I have now fufficiently proved, 
that thcr? arc hills in the Moonc, 
and hence it m^y (ceme likely that 
there is alfo a worId5for fince pro- 
vidence hath fonjc fpeciallendin 
all its workeSj certainly then thcfe 
mountaines were tiot produced in 
vaine, and what more probable 
meaning can wee conceive there 
(hould be, than to make that place 
convenient for habitatioa. 

Propofition 10. 

That there is 4* Atmo^fphiZfa^ or 
an orbe of groffe vaforous aire^ 
intmtdiately tncom^ajjingthc bo' 
djofthc Moouc. 

A S that psrt of our aire which 
j1\ is ncerert to the earth, is of a 
thicker (iibftance than the other, 
by reafon tis alwaics mixed with 


of a neyp World. I 159. 

fome vapoars, which are cocirina- 
allycxhaledintoit.So is; ir equally 
requifice, that if there be a world 
intheMoone, that the aire about 
[hat fliould be alike quahficd with 
ours. Now, that cl''ere i^ fucb an 
otbc of groffe aire, was firll o( all 
(for ought I can rcad^) obfcrved 
by Mejlin^ afterw.irdf aif.occd un- 
to by Keplar a'^d Galil^w^ ' K/J^Eufeb. 
fince by Baptifta CifatHs,Shemr\f^^^^^ 
wiih other J, all of them confir- !/, . ,, 
ming ic by tne lame atguniencs 
which Khali onelycire^ d.nd then 
leave this Propolition. 

I. Tis oblcrvcvij that To much 
of the Mijonc as is cnlighce' ed^ is 
alwaies part ofa bigger circh then 
chat which is darker. Their fre- 
quent expc'rii^ncQ hacli pro\?ed 
this, and an eati^ obfervation may 
quickely confirmc ic. But now 
this cannot proceed^? from any o- 
thcr caufe fo probabIe>as from this 

orbe of aire, efpecialJy when we 
confidcr how thi^c planet (hining 
wicJi a boirowcd light, doth not 





pars %, M7« 

The Di/colPery 

fend forth any fuch raycs as may 
make her appearance bigger then 
her body, 

t. 'tis obfcrvcd in the Sola^ 
cclipfeSjthat there is a great trepi- 
dation about the body of the 
Moone, from which we raay like- 
wife argue an Atmofphzn^ fincc 
we cannot well conceive what fo 
probable a caufe there fhould be of 
fuch an appearance asthif, §Hod 
radii SoUres a vaporihm Lunam 
amhicntibHS futrint imercifi^ that 
the Sun beames were broken and 
refrafted by the vapours thaten* 
compaffcd the Moone. 

3. I may adde the like argu- 
ment taken from another obferva- 
tion which will be eafily tried and 
granted. When the Sunne is 
eclipfed, wee dilcerne the Moone 
as (hee is in her owne natural! big- 
neGc, but then fheappcaresfbme- 
what IcflTc then when fhee is in 
the full, though Ihe be in thcfamc 
place of her fuppoftd excentrick 
and epicycle, and therefore T;^/?^ 


oj a neT0 World. 

hacb calcuUied a Tabic for the 
Diameter of the divert new 
Mooncs. But now there is no 
realbn (b probable to Give this 
appearance, as co place an orbe 
of thicker aire, necre the body 
of that planer, which may be en- 
lightened by the reflsftcd beamcs, 
and through which thcdircft raics 
may ea&ly penetrate. 

Bat forne mayobjeft that this 
will not confift with that which 
yjti before delivered, where I laid, 
that the thinncft parts had Icaft 

If this were true3 bow comes 
it to paflTi then, chat this aire 
fliould be a$ bright as any of the 
other parts, when as tis the thin- 


I anfwcr, if the light be re- 
ceived by rcfleftion, then the 
thickeft body bath moft^ becaufe 
it is bcft able to beate backeche 
raies, but if the light be received 

be an opacous body bshirrde, 






The Difcolpery 

which may double the beamcs by 
reflexion^ as it is here, thcnlde. 
ny not buc a chinnc body may re- 
raine much light, and perhaps, 
lomeof thofe appearances which 
ivee take for fiery comets, jre no- 
ticing clfe b::it a bri^hc cload 
enlightened, fo that probable it 
is, there maybe fuchaire wichouc 
the Moone, and hence ic comes to 
p^ffc, that the greater fporg arc 
onely vifible towards her middle 
part»3 2nd none neere the cir- 
cnmfercnce, not but that there arc 
fomc as well in thofe parts as 
elfc where, but they are not there 
perceiveablc, by reafon of thofe 
brighter vapours which bide 



of ane'^World, 


Propofition ii. 

That M their world is our CMione^ 
fiourworUh ihiir Mo9ne, 

I Have already handled the firfl: 
thing that I promifed accor- 
ding to the Method which Ari'^ 
flotle ufes in his Bookc de Mundo^ 
and(hew*d you the mcetfiry parts 
that belong to this world in the 
Moone. In the next phce 'cis 
rcqciifice that I proceed co thofe 
things which arerxtiinfecalluu- 
to ir, as the Scaibuii, Uic Me- 
teors, and the Inhabitants. 
I. Of the Seafons; 

And ifthcrcbefuch a world in 
the Moone, 'fit' requifi^c then that 
their jfeafons (hould he (()mew^y 
correfpondenc unto ours, that 
they fliould have Winter and 
Summer, night and day^ as wee 

Now that in this Planet there is 
Tome Crailicudc of Winter and 


1 < 


which may double the bcamcs by 
reflexion^ as ic is here, then I de. 
ny nor bu( i chinne body may re- 
raine mnch light, and perhaps, 
iorneof thofe appearances which 
wee take for fiery comets, are no- 
thing clfe bat a brie;hc cload 
enlightened^ Co that probable it 
is, there maybe fuchairc without 
the Moone, and hence ic comes to 
paflV, that the greater fpots arc 
onely vifiblc towards her middle 
parts, and none neere the cir- 
oimfercnce, not but that there arc 
(bmc as well in thofe parts as 
clfe where, but they are not there 
perceiveable, by reafon of thofe 
brighter vapours which hide 



Propofition ii. 

That at their world is oar LMttne. 
Coettrworldii their Moene, 

I Have already handled che firft 
thing that I promifed accor- 
ding CO the Method which .d?ri- 
flotlc uiis in his Bookc de Mundoy 
andfliew*d youthenrcelfiry pates 
chat belong to this world in the 
Moonf. In the next pljce 'cis 
rcqnifice thit I proceed co thofe 
things viyhich are cxninfecall un- 
to ir, k's the S^'afbriii, Uic Me- 
teors, and the Inhabitants. 
I, Of the Seafons; 

And if^herebefuch a world in 
the Moone,Vu;requifixthen chat 
their (eafbns (hould he fomeway 
correfpondenc unto ours, thit 
they fliould have Winter and 
Summer, night and day^ a3 v/cc 

Now that in this Planet there \% 
fome fimilitude of Winter and 



w.. Jgn 

Dc yn. dni- 

Dc riMturd 

The Difcolpery 

• ^Ma^>a.%ia 

Siimmrr is affirmed by jiriftoth 
himlclfc, fincc there isonehemi- 
fjjhcare that hath alwaks hcatc 
and light, and ihe other that hach 
da kaeflfeandcold. True indeed, 
their daks and yeensarcalwaics 
of one and the fame lcngch,buc tis 
(b with u8 al(b under the Poles, 
aid therefore that great difFireoce 
is not (uffidcnc to make it alcoge. 
rher uuIikc ours, nor can we ex* 
p' ft that every thing there ftiDuld 
be in the lame manner as it is here 
below, as if nature had no way 
bni ^nc to br'ng about hcrpur^ 
pofes* Wee may eafily fee what 
g eac differences there are amongft 
us, betwixt things of the fame 
kmde. Some; men (fay rhey) there 
are, who can live onely upon 
(mells^wiihout eating anything, 
and the fame Plant, faith Btfoldm^ 
hath fomecimcs contrary efFefts. 
M^^idr agora which growes in ^j* 
fia\ flaines the Iu(i,wheras Jllan* 
\ dragora wh'ch grows in ochcr pla- 
ces doth coole the blood & quench 
luft. Now 

of a new World. 

Now if wich us there be ^uc^> 
great difference bccwixc thing? of 
chefame kinde^ wc have no reafbn 
then to ihinke ic neceffary that 
both the(e worlds fhould be alto- 
gether alike, bucicmiyfuffice if 
they bee correfpondenc in fome- 
thing onely^ however ic rjiay be 
queftioned whether ic doth not 
feeme to be againft the wifedomc 
of providence^to inake the night 
of to great a length, when they 
have dich a long time unfit for 
vvorke ? I anfwereno, fincc tis 
fo , and more with us al(b under 
the poles; andbefides, thcgene- 
ralilength of their night isfome- 
whac abated in the bigntfle of 
their Moone which is our earth. 
For this returnes as great al'gh- 
unto that Planet, as ic receives 
from ic.Bac for the better proofe of 
this J fhall firft free the v;a7 from 
ftch opinions asmigl^c oiherwife 
hinder the fpeedc of a clearer 

Plmarch one of the chiefc pa- 
L trons 



In hit. 




The dijco^ipery 

trons of this world in chcMoone, 
doth dlrcftly concradift chis pro- 
pofition J affirming, chac thofc 
who live there may difcerncour 
WOT Id as rhe ^reggcs and fcdi- 
ment of all other creatures, ap- 
pearing to tbcm through clouds 
and fo^^gy rnifts, and that altoge- 
ther devoid of lightjbcidg bafe and 
unmoveablc, fo that they might 
well iiragine the darkc place of 
damnation to be here fituatc, and 
that they oncly v;crc the inha- 
biters of the world, as being 
in the raidft betwixt Heaven and 

To this I may anfwcre, *ns pro- 
bable that Plutarch fpake this 
inconfidcratcly, and without a 
rcafon^which makes him likewifc 
fall into another ab(urditiej when 
he (ayes our earth would appcare 
immoveable , whereas qucliion- 
lefTc though ic did not, yet woiiid 
it fccme to move, and theirs to 
ftand flill , as the Land doth to a 
man in a Shippe ; according to 


thac of the Poet : 
Trovchimtir fortu^ UYf<£^j mhfj. 

And I doubt not but chat inge- 
nuous Auchour would eafily hav.^ 
recanted if hre had becne but ac- 
quainted with thofe experiences 
which me:i of latter times have 
found out, for che confirmation of 
this truth. 

2. Uuto him affents IlUcrohist4^ 
whofe words are thcfe ; Terra ac- 
ctftofolU luminc clarcfcit^ tamtHm- 
mQdo ^ nonrelHcct. *' Tnecar^h 
**is by the Si^nne-bt^ame^ made 
''brightjbuc not able to enlighten 
*^ any thing fo fa^re. And lus 
rcaionis, becaufcthis being of a 
thickc and groffe matter, the light 
is terminated in its fuperfici^rs, 
and cannot penetrate into the 
fubftanccj whereas the moonc 
doih therefore ftcmefb bright to 
u% becaufe it receives the blames 
within it (elfe. But the wcakn^-ffi^ 
of this aflertion, may bseealily 
n^anifcft by a common experience*, 

I. 2 n:^r 



The Difcorvery 

^' ■■ I 


for j}oli(hcdliccle (whoreapacicy 
wU not give any admittatjce to 
the laycsj refl .ft»a ftrongcrhtacc 
then ghlfej and io conlequcncly a 
greater light. 

3. *Tis cht? generallconfentof 
Phih'fophers, chut the rcflftion 
oF the Sunnc-beamcs from the 
earth doth not reach much above 
halfe a railc high , where they 
tcrmi^^ate the firlt region 5 fo that 
CO c^ffi m- they might afccnd to 
the moone, were to f^y, there 
werebut one region of aier^which 
contraciftsthc proved and recei- 
ved op!:^ion« 

Unto this It may be anfwered : 
That it is indeed the common 
confent/hat the reflexion of the 
Sunne-beamcs reach onely f o the 
(econd region, but yet fome there 
are, and thofc too Philofophers of 
good note , who thought oiher- 
vrife. Thus flninw is cited by 
C^H^s y Si corjcipiof te in jublimi 
cjuiif^am mutidi loco^ undc oculU 
(nbjiCiatUT terra nicies aqnid ar- 


,''gr^:- '- ' .- j y i i l i ) 



of a ne^ World, 


ihjirAta^ fton alum prafecio vifam 
iri trohahile eji ^ cjuam q^AlU modo 
vifdtur Innaris globf fpecies. ** If 
f' yoia did conceive your fclte to 
^^bee in feme Ibch high place, 
<^ ivhere you raighc difccrne the 
^nvhole Glub(i of the earth and 
^^ water, Vjhcn it wascnlighcned 
^' by (he Sunnes raycs,'fi3 probabl- 
^« it would then appeare to you in 
^^thc fame (h^pe as tl^c moone 
•'doth now unto ns. Thus aifo 
Carohs Mtlafemns , wbofe I P///if.tfi 
words are rhele, 'terrii btc ?ioJ}rj 1 ^uftt'm 
a in luna confliiuti cjfemtis^ fplea* (x^* 
dida prorfus quafi non iguobilU 
planeta^riohU ^ppAterct^ ^' If wee 
^' were placed in the moone, a id 
'ffrom thence b.held this our 
'^car'hjic would jppeareuntous 
^fyery bright ^ like one of the 
'^ nobler Planecs. Unto tl^fc doch 
Fromoridiis S^Vit^ wheahe five's, 
Cndo eqaidem quod ji ocuhiS qiiif- 
fi.imin Ofbe Innari foret ^ globttm Meteor.ii, 
terra Cfr aqfi(Z iufl^rmgentUfydens j c.^,drt,^. 
L 3 ^fl'^l 


The difcoDery 

a joU iOftflrem confficeret. << | 
''believe thaccliis globe of earth 
''and water would appcare lilce 
"/bme great S:arrc to any one 
''vvhoflioiild looke upon it from 
'^chcmoone. Now this could not 
be ; nor could it (hine fo remark- 
ably, unlcffethc beames of light 
were rcfleiled from it. And chere- 
fureiheiame F/'^mW^cxprtfly 
hoMs, that the firft region of ayre 
is thtfe ter?ninated, where the 
heacc caufcd by reflexion begins 
tolanguifb, whereas the bcamcs 
rhcmfl'Jvesdoe palTea great f/ay 
furihcr. The chicfe argument 
which doth moft plainely mani- 
feft this truth, is taken from a 
common obfcrvadon which mayj 
b^ cafily ttyed. 

\^ yoa behold the Moone a 
little before or after the conjun- 
(5i jon.w'hcn (Ik is in a Textile with 
theSunne, yon may difcernc rot 
onely the part which is enlight- 
ned, but the red al(b to have in it 
a kind ofa duskift!ight,burlfyou 
..^ chufej 

II »n Hill iii>wiwff« 

of A nexo World, 

chufeout fiich a fcicuation, where 
(brae houfe or chirancy ( being 
(brae 70 or 80 paces diftam from 
you) may hide from your eye the 
enlightned homes , you may then 
difcerne a greater and more rc- 
markeablc (hining in tho(e pares 
unto which the Sunnc bcames 
cannot reach- nay there is (b great 
a light J that by the hejpe of a 
good perfpeftive you may dif- 
cerne its (pots. Info much that 
BUncavuf the Jefuite fpeakingof 
it fayes ^ H£c experhntia ita me 
diquando fcfcUst , ut in huncpil- 
g^rem cafn ac repents inciderjs^ ex* 
ifiimayfm novo quodam miracuh 
tempore adoUfcentii lHfi£pthifne[fc 
^Umltiuhtm, f' This experiment 
"did once fo deceive mee, th.K 
*^ happening upon the fight of this 
*' brjghtnclle upon a iudden, I 
*^ thought that by fome new mi- 
^^racle the Moone had beene got 
'^ into her full a little after her 
*^ change. 
But now thislightisnot proper 
L 4 CO 


De mundi 



Pmyrr, i . 

the dijcoyery 

from the rayts of the Sunnc which 
doth penetrate her b^jdy , nor is 
ic canfcd by any other ot thePh^ 
nets and Scarrc s.Therefore ic muft 
ncccfiarily follow, that ic comes 
from the earth. Thecwofirftof 
ihele I have already proved , and 
as for the hft, ic is confidently 
.iflfirmed by Caliuf ^ Quod fi in 
dijqfi jitioncm evocet <juu ^ an 
iHriarifyderi lucemfoeHtrent flanet£ 
item alii, ^jftvtranter afiruenium 
nonfcemmre^ 'Mfany fhouldaske 
^^ whether the other Planets lend 
" any light to the Moone; lanfwcr 
^* they doc nor. True mdeed^the 
noble 73'c/-^(?difcniTing rhc rcafon 
ok this Jigbc accribucfcS ic to the 
Pl^iet Vcnw ^ anJ I g^ant ihic 
this may convey fomt lighc to the 
Moonc, buc that ir is not the 
caufe of this whcr. of wee now 
difcourft, isoficfclfe fufficienily 
plune,bccay(e'L'r^;;^is kxv.t imcs 
over the Fs'Ioone^ when as fiiee 
cannot convey any Jighc to th^r 


./ : 

of a neyp World, 


Ic doth not proceede from the 
fixed ftarreSjfor then ic would re- 
tiinc the Gm^ light in cclipfcs, 
whereas the light at (uch times is 
more ruddy and dnil. Thenalfo 
the light of the Moone would 
not be greater or Icffer, according 
CO irs dittarxe from the edge of the 
earths (hadow, fince icdid at all 
times equally pircicipatethis light 
of theltarrcs. 

Now becaufe there is no otlier 
body in the whole Univerfe^ lave 
the earth, ic remaines that this 
light mull neccflarily be cauf^d by 
that which with a juft gratitude 
rcpaies to the Moone^ iuch il- 
lumination as it rtccives from 

And as loving friends equally 
parcicipate ot the fame joy and 
griefe, fo doe tWi: mutually par- 
take of the fime light from the 
Sunne , a/)d the (amc darkcnc/fs 
from the eclipfe?, being alfj feve- 
rally htlped by one another in 





!IJ PH < <^-. -'^ 


N 1 

54 I TheDifcoyery 

their greatcrt wants : For when 
the Moone is in conjunction with 
the Sonne, and her upper part re- 
ef ives all the light, then her lower 
Hemifpheare (which would o- 
therwife be altogether daike) is 
enlightened by the reflexion of 
theSunne beamcsfrom the earth. 
When the(e tvvo planets are in 
oppofition, then that part of the 
earth which could not receive any 
light from the Sunne beame?^ is 
moft enlightened by theMoone, 
being then in her full 5 andasfhe 
doth moft illaminate the earth 
when theSunne beames cannot, fo 
the gratefull earth retfjrnes to her 
as great, nay greater light when 
(hec moft wants ic ; fo that al- 
waics that vifiblc part of the 
Moone which receiv(?s nothing 
fion^ the Sunne, is enlightened by 
the earth^as is proved by GjUUhs^ 
with many mere argiitnents, in 
that Treatifc which hccalls Syj\t- 
m^mwiJii. Trueindced^when the 
Moone comes to aquarale,thcn 


of a nevp World. 

you can neither dilcernc thjs 
light 3 norycc the darker pare of 
hct body, but thereafon is^ bc- 
caufc of the exaperancy ol: the 
light in the other parts, ^ip^ 
p i^HJiratum medium (pcciem 
recipit valentiorem^ the clearer 
brightnclFcj involves the wea- 
ker, it being with thefpc^cicsof 
fighr, as it is with thof'i of fuundj 
and as the greater noifedrownes 
rhc Icffe, lo che br/ghccr objfft 
hides that vvhich is more obfcjre. 
Bii?: they doe alwaies in their rr.u- 
cu'ill vic TTicudes participate of one 
anotbers light; lo alfo doe ^h',^y 
partake of t!:c fame dtufts and 
darknings, for when our Moowe is 
eclipfeJj iheniJ their Sanne dar- 
kened, auil when our Swnne is 
eclipfed, then isthcir Moonedc- 
priv^.^duficsligbr, as you may Qe 



Seal cxerc. 


umed byMf/7r>i. Quod ft ter- \^?^^'A^'^* 
m nobi^ ex alto Itcertt tntueri^] ^^ 

j qu.madmoditm dejicicHtem larum I 
I ex longlnqm fj^xijre pojfftmm^vi^ \ 
I dercmui tcmpire cclipjis foils terr^ \ 
\ a!iqHJ>n \ 


The Vi/co'Very 

aliquam partem lumwe fi/if defi' 

cere^ eodem fUne medo pent ex 

oppnfito lunn defcity " It wee 

" might behold this globe of earth 

*^ at the (amc diftance as we doe 

*^the Moonc in her defefts^wce 

"might difcernc fome p^rc of it 

** darkened in the Sunnts eclip- 

" fcs , jdft fo as the M »one is 

^' ii) hers. For as our Moone is 

cclipfed by the inrerpofition of 

our earth, lo is their Moone cclip- 

ftd by thcinterpoficionofcheirs. 


The niannerof this mutuallillu- 

niination betwixt thefe two you 

may plainly difcernc in this Figure 





_. ^,e g -'? *^: 


The difcoyery 

Where A reprefencs the Sun, 
B the Earth, and C theMoone' 
NowfnpnofetheMooneC to be 
in arextiieofincreci(e,whentherc 
is oncly one fmall p^rt of her body 

enlighccnrd.chcn Che earth B will 
have fuch 4 pare of if s vifiblc He 
mifph-^arcdarkenedj as is propo?. 
lionable to that pare of the Moonc 
which is enlightened; and.isfor 
fo much of che Moone, as the Sun 
bcames cannot reach unco^ ic re* 
cdves light from a proportional] 
pare of the earth which fliifies 
upon ic, as vou may plainly per- 
ceive by the Figure, 

You fee then that agreement 
and fimihVude which there is be- 
twixt our earth arid the Moonc. 
No w the grraicft difFcrencc which 
makes chtmnnlikej is thi?, that 
the Moone enlightens our earth 
round about, U'hereas our earth 
gives light otiely to that Hemi- 
fpheareofthe Moone which is 
vifibic unto us, as may be cer- 
fainly gathered f rooj the conftant 


of a nc^ World, 

^pearance of the fame fpots^ 
wnich could not thus come to 
pafl^, if the Moone had fuch a di- 
urnallmocion about its ownaxiSf 
as perhaps our earth hach, A'ld 
though fomr (uppole her to move 
in an epicycle, yet this duth uoc 
fj tun e htrbody rounds that we 
may difccrne both Hemilpheares, 
for according to that hypochcfisj 
the motion of her cccentrick,doch 
turnehcrface towards us^asnioch 
as the other doth from us. 

Buc now if any quefiionwhat^ 
they doc foe a Moone who live | 
in the upper pare of htx body?{ 
I aofwcr, the folving of this is j 
the moft uncerraine and difficulc | 
thing that I knoio of concerning i 
this whole matter. But yet Ij 
will give youtwoprob;iblecor,- \ 

jcdures. I 

I. Perhaps, the upper Hcmi- 
fphcare of the Moone do:h receive 
a fufBcient ligt t from thofe pJa-ecs 
about ir^ and amongft thefe Venus 
(it may be) btftowcsamorce/pe- 






ciall brightnrff^ finer GAil^t^ 
hath plainly oiicrrnir^d that (h'r (aU 
fers the lame iiKreafts and decrea- 
fes y as the Moonc hach , and \n 
probable that this miy he pr.r- 
ccived there wirhonc the hdp of a 

glafli^bccaufcthryarefirrc ecrer 
it than wee. When f^tnm ((a th 
KcpUr) lies dowrjcin th.. Pcri^e 
or lower part of her fuppofcd 
Epicycle, then i^^ (he in conjunfti- 
onuith her husband theSunne, 
from whom after (hcharh depar- 
ted for the(p3ccof ten moneths, 
(hee gets f/enum uterum, and is in 
the full 

But you'll reply, thoi3gh ^erm 
may bettow (bme light when fhe 
is over the Moonc^and in con]un- 
ftiop, yet being in oppoficion,fhe 
is not vifible to them, and ivhat 
fhall they then doe for light ? 

I anfwer,rhun ihcy havcnonr; 
nor doth this make fo great a diN- 
ferencc betwixt thofe two Hemi* 
fpheaics as there is ^vi^h "*) t)e« 

twixt the places under the poles, 


and the line ^ but if this bee not 
liiffijicnr, then I fay in the fccond 
place that 

2, Peifiapsifurcmay be fome 
other tolij'.linfdboJy above the 
Moone which vvecannot difc^rot*, 
norisrhis ultogeihcr iiuprobible 
bt'caufe rhere U ahnoft rhe like 
obfcrved in Su'irnc, who jji- 
pearcs through this gbffe wirh 
rwo Icfler bodies on each fide, 
which may fiipply the office of 
MooneSj unto each hcTiifpheare 
chu5 : 



So in this world al(b there nwy 
befomefuchbody 3 though wee 
camot difcerne it^ bccmfe the 
Moone is alwaies in a flrcighc 
line, bttwixr our eye and iImc. 
Mor Is it altogether nnMvtlytfiac 
^herc fhould bee more moones ro 

"n^* Oibc ^ brGUifc jHpucr nl(o 

18 obfcrvcd to have tourt. (ach 

M bodies 

1(5 2 

The difcoy^ery 

bodies that move round about 


But it may fceme a very difiRcuIc 
thing CO conceive , how fo grofle 
an<3 darke a body as our earth, 
(hould yceld ftch a cleare light as 
proceedcs from the Moone , and 
therefore the Cardinall dc Cufa 
(whothinkcs every Starrc to be 
a feverall world ) is of opinion 
that the light of the Sunncis not 
able ro make them appeare (b 
bright 5 but the reafon of their 
1 (hining is , bccaufe wee behold 
thtrnata great diftance through 
their regions of fire which doe fee 
a (hining luflre upon thofe bodies 
that of themfclves are dirke.l^^r 
fi ^uU effet extra regiontm fgniiyi 
terra i^a in drcumfete^th jn& 
\regio7ii4 per medium ignfd lucidi. 
^flella apparerct. '' So that if ai 
'' man vt'erc beyond the region of 
^* fire, this earth would appcarci 
^^ through that as a bright Scarre. 
But if this were the onely rcalo^ 
then would the Moone bet 


of a nexo World. 

freed from fuch incrc^ifes and 
decreafes as fhcc is now lyable 

Kefiat tbinkes chat our earth 
receives that light whereby it 
(hines from the Sunhe, but this 
(faith he) is not fuch an intended 
clearc brightneflcas the Moone 
is capable of, and therefore hee 
gueflcs^that cbc earth there is of a 
morechokie (oyle like the He of 
Cretie:^ and fois better able to re- 
fleft a firongev Dghr^ whereas our 
earth mull fupply this intcnrion 
with the quantity ofits body^buc 
ihis I conceive to be a needklfe 
conjefturcj fincc our earth if all 
things were well coniidered, will 
be found able enough to refltft as 
great a light, For 

I. Confider its opacity, if you 
markc thefefublunary thin^s^you 
fliall perceive that amongftthem^ 
thofethat are moft peripicuons, 
^^c not (o well able to reverberate 
the Sunne bcames as the thicker 
oodles. The rayea pafl^ fir.gly 
Ai 2 rhrongh 



164 The difco>pery 

through a diaphanous mattcfjbut 

in an opacons (ubftance they are 

doubled in their rcturne and mul- 

tiplyed byrefl^^xion. Now if the 

fnoone and the other Planets can 

(liine fo clearely by beating 

bn:!<e l\\^^ Sanne btiamcSjWhy may 

not the earth alfo (hinc as well, 

which agrees with them in the 

caufe of this brightnefle their 


2. Confider what a cleare light 
wee may difcernc reflcfted from 
thceavth in the middeft of Sum- 
mer , and withall conceive how 
much greater that moft bee which 
is under the line, where the raycs 
are more dircC^ly and ftrongly re- 

3. Confider the great diftance 
at which wee behold the Planets, 
for this muft needs addemuchto 
their fliining and therefore Cnja- 
urn (in the above cited place) 
ihliikes that if a man were in iht 
SiKine^ that Planet would not 
fo bright tohim^as now 




of a nerv World. 

ic doth to us^becaufe then his eye 
could difccrnc but little, whereas 
here wcc may comprehend the 
beamcs as they are concrafted in 
a narrow body. 2Ce/?Jjr beholding 
the earth from a high mountainc 
when ic was cnlightncd by the 
Sjnnc confcfTcs that ic appeared 
unco him of an incredible brighc- 
neffc, whereas then the rcfl fted 
rayes entered into his fight ob- 
liquely ; but how much brighter 
would it have appeared if hee 
mijjht in a dire ft line behold the 
whole globe of earth and the/e 
rayes gathered together? So thac 
if wee confider thac great light 
which che earth receives from the 
Sunnein the Summer^ and then 
foppofe wee were in the Mocrne, 
where- wee might He the whole 
earth hanging in thofevaft fpiccs 
where there is nothing tocermi-j 
nate the fight , buc thoft beamcs 
which are there contrafted into a 
litile compaff-; I fay, if wee doe 
well confider chiSjWce mayeafily 
yI/3 conceive 





The dijco^ery 

conceive, chat our earth appeares 
a^ brigh: to chofe other inhabi. 
cants IQ the MoonCj as theirs doth 


CO us. 

Propofition 12. 

that tls provable there msy hee 
ftich Meteors beloffging to that 
rvorldh the Moont , oa thm m 
rvith uj^ 

PLutarch difcuflingthis point 
affirmes chat it U not neccffiry 
there Hiould be the fame meanes 
of growth and fruftifying in both 
rhefe worlds, liDce nature might 
in her policy findc out more waics 
then one how to bring about the 
fxiDQ cfK'ft.But however he thinks 
ics probable that the Af oonc her 
IcHe/endeth forth warnrie winds, 
and by the fwifcnene of her moti- 
on there (hould breathe out a 
fweer arid comfortable ayer, plca- 
(^m dewes and gentle moylture, 


of a new World. 


which mighc fervc for the refrc- 
(hingand nouriflimcnt of the in- 
habitants and plants in that other 


But Gncc they have all things 
alike with us, as (ea and land, and 

I (hould rather therefore thinkc 
that nature there fliouIJ ufe the 
fame wa;^ of producing meteors 
as (he doth with us (and not by a 
motion as Plutarch fuppofcs) be- 
caufe fliee doth not love to vary 
from her ufuall operations with- 
out fomc extraordinary impsdi- 
mcnt, but (till kccpes her beaten 
path unlcfle flic be driven thence. 
One argument whereby I fliall 
maniftft this truth, may be taken 
from thofe new Scarrcs wh ch 
have appeared in divers ages ot 
the world, and by their paralhx 
have becnedifcerncd tohavcbeen 
above the MoonQ , foch as wa& 
that in Cafjiopcia, that in Sagitta- 
ri^V^ith many others becwixt^the 

Planers. Hivparchf^s in his time 
AI ^ rootle 



M mj i vmi mmmim'm^^ 


The difcoyery 

lookc effeciall notice of (uch as 
thc/e, and therefore fancied cue 
fuci) conftelhtions in which to 
place the Scarres^ fiiewing how 
many there were in every afte- 
rifme'/hatfu afterwards poftcrity 
might know^ v?hcther there vvcre 
any new Scarrc produced or any 
old onemiding. Now the nature 
of thc(c Comers may probably 
manifeft, that in this other world 
there are other meteors al(b; for 
thcfc in all likelihood are nothing 
eKebut (uch evaporations caufcd 
by the Sunncj from the bodies 
ofthc Planets, I fhall prove this 
by fh^vving ths iniprobibihtics 
and inconvcni^'nccsuf any other 

F/'f thfibcttrrpurfiiice of this 
'tis in rh:? ficQ place requifice that 
\ dejle 'wlifi onr chiefs adverftry, 
Cdfjy/t Gipa^ who doth moil 
dirrftly oj^ipofi? th»it truth which 
n hsM:Xi,) bcr proved, IJce en- 
df-avouiin^ ro cor^firme the in- 
cur! uptibilify of the IJcaveos, 


of a next? World. 

and being there co(atisficthe argu- 
ment which is taken from ihcic 
comets, Heanlwcrsic thas: Ant 
argumentHtn defumpttim ex para^ 

laxi non ejl ejjicax, autjiejl efjjcax^ 
eorum iuftrumenturum ttjnm rlaci- 
pcrSy velr4tione afiri velmcdii^ vei 
dtj}anti<ty aut er^o cvM in fitprcma 
fjrtea^rh^ aut fiin c oclo^ turn for" 
fan fdiftum erai exrejlcElioncr idt, 
oxHtn SjtuYni & Jovi^i^ qui tunc 
In conj intiiom jmrarit, *- Euh;.T 
^'the ar^.umcnc troai chsparabx 
^^ b not t fli :acious or il a h^y yec 
'^ che ufc of tlie ioilriimen^s aiii^hc 
^^ deceive either in rcirard of the 
'' fiarreor i\\c medium^ orthcdi- 
*^ flincc, and iothisconucmighc 
*^be in thcLip[jcr regions of ihe 
^^ aire^or if ic were in the heaven?, 
*' there ic might be produced by 
'^che reflexion of the rayc:>ftom 
*' Sutftrm and JupitcTy who were 
'^ then in conjun6i;on. You ke 
what flufcs !ite isdrivcnco^ how 
herunncs npanddovvnc toiipiiy 
Haninp hoUs^ that h^e nuythd 




J I M. I a ji ;«t i !| i jj Wl | i .l.lJijW:» » y^ 

fpi. li ., I .W ) i; i • 

-— ' ' 

, yo The Difcoyery 


fomc ihelter, and infteadof the 
ftrengcli ofreafon^he anfwcrB with 
a iTJultitudc of words, thinking 
Cas the Provcrbe is) that hee may 
uft haileg when hee hach no zhujy. 

^/^t;^ efi tncerto^ fedem modo nfz* 
I nnte^modo producente. '' What 
'^ can there bee more unfeemely 
" in one that (hould be a fake 
" difpucantj then to be now here, 
^« now therc^ and fo uncertainc, 
« rhat one cannot tell where to 
^' find him. He thinkes that there 
are not Comets in the heavens, 
becaufc there may be many other 
reafons of fuch appearances, but 
whathcknowes nor, perhaps (he 
faics) that argnment from the pa- 
rallax is not fufticient^ or if it bf, 
then there may be fomc deceit in 
the obfervauon. To this I may 
fafclyfayj that heemiy juftlyb^ 
acconnted a VweakeMathemacici- 
an who miftfulls the ftrength of 
this argament, nor can hee knov/ 
iruch in Afl:ronomy,who under- 


of a new World, 

871 1 


ilands not the parallax,which is 
the foundation of that Scicnce^and 
I am furc that hec is a timorous 
man, who dcirei not believe the 
frequent experience ofhisfenie?^ 
ortrultto ademonftntion. 

True indeed, I grant cis pofHbk, 
that the eycjj the medium^ and the 
diftince may al dtcclve the behol- 
der, but I would have him ilie;v 
which of all thefc was likely to 
caufj tn error in this obfer vatian ? 
Mcercly tof^y they mlghi be de- 
ceived is no fufficicnt anl'A'er. for 
bythislmighc confute ihepufi'i- 
onsofall Altronomer8,and « fti *mc 
the Ilarrcs are hard by us^ bccau(c 
'cispofiible theymaybc'cjcc ived 
in their ob/crving that diftancc. 
But I forbearc any further repiy; 
my opinion is of chat Treatife/hat 
either it wasfet forch purpord' 
to tempt a confutation, th^t hce 
might (ee iheopinionotG^/i/^>« 
confirmed by oUicrs, or the ic was 
invented \vichas much hafte and 
" ncgh'gcnce as ic was printed, ihcrc 

17 2 I The Difcoyery 

being in it almo(t as many ftiaks 
as lines. 

Oihcr ? thinke that theft are not 
any new CorascSjbut fome ancient 
ftarrcs that were there before, 
which now fhine with that unufu. 
all brightnelTcjby rcafon of the in- 
terpoficion of fuch vapors which 
ttoc multiply theirlighcjand fo the 
alteration will be here onely,and 
not ill the heavens. Thus AriflntU 
rhought the appearance ot the 
niilkieway wasproduccd^ for he 
held that there were many little 
IbrreSp which by their influence 
did conlbnily atcraft fuch a va- 
pour rowaids that place of hea- 
ven, lo ihat ir alwaics appeared 
vvhire* Now by the fame rcafon 
n»aya brighter vapor be thccaufe 
of thefe appearances. 

But how probable focver this 
opinion may leeme, yet if well 
coofidcrcdj you (hall findcic to 
be alcogethcr abfiird and impof- 
lible: lor^ 

I. Thelc Harres were never 


of a ne^sa \Vorld. 

feenc rhere before, an J cis not li ke- 
ly that ^ vripoiir being hii J by us 
can io multiply [hac liofit which 
could not bdoie bz ac all dif- 


2. This fuppofed vapour can- 
no: be either contrafted into a 
narrow compaflc or dikred into a 
broad : i. ic could noc be with j 
in a little Ipacc, for then that 
fiarre wduII not appeire with 
ilie fame muiriplicJ ligfic to thofc 
in Other climates: 2. ic cannot be 
a dilated vapour^ tor then other 
Ihire?; which vveie dilcerned 
through the fiuie vapour would 
feeme as bi[;g:is!'clut; thlsaigu- 
menc is the i'^me in etfc^ft with 
ihac of the parata^c^ as ycai may 
fee in this Figure. 



174 I 

The difcolpery 


Snppofe A B to be a Hemi- 
fpheareof one earth, C D tobc 
the upper jMrrof the higheft re- 
gion, in which there might be 
drhor a contrafled vapour, as G, 

or rife a cellared one, as*H I. Sup^ 
pofe E F likewife to reprefcnt 
halfe the heavens^ wherein was 
this appealing Comet at K. Now 
I fay, that a contrafted vapour^as 
G could not canfe this appea- 
rance, beciiurcan inhabitant at M 
could not diicernc the fame ftarrf 


of A ne-so World. 

With this brighmefle, but perhaps 
another at L, bccwixc which the 
vapour is direSly interpofcd.Nor 
could it be cauftd. by a dilated 
vapour, as H 1, becaufe then all 
the ftarres thac were difcerned 
through It v/ould be perceived 
with the fame brightnefle. 

Tis neceffary therefore thatthe 
caufcofthis appearance (houldbe I 
in the heavens. And this is gran- 
ted by rhc mod and beft Aftrono- 
mcrs. Bur, fay lomc, this doth 
not argue any nacurall alteration 
in thofc purer bodics^fince tis pro- 
bable that thcconcourfcof many 
little vagabond ftarres by the uni- 
on of their beames may caulclb 
great a lighr.Of this opinion were 
Amxagoras nnd Zcno amongft the 
ancienr,and Baptljla Cif^tm^BU^- 
canm^ wirh others amongH our 
moderne Aftronomcts. For, lay 
they, when there happens ro be 
a concourfe of (ome tew ftarreSj 
then doe many other flic unto 
them from all the parts of heaven 





5 J 6 The difcoDery 

like fo many Bees unto their King. 
Buc I. CIS not likely chat amongit 
[hole which wee count the fixed 
ftarres there (hould be any fuch 
unccrtaliie motions, that they can 
wander from all parts of the 
heavcns^asif Nature had ncglcfted 
them J or forgot to appoint rhem a 
determinate courfe. 7. If there be 
fuch a conflux of thefc^ as of Bees 
to their King, then what rcafon is 
thrre th^t they doe not ftill tarry 
with I tjthac fo the Comet may not 
be diffolvcd ? But enough of this. 
You may commonly fee it con- 
futed by many other argutnents. 
Others there are, who affirme 
thefe to be fome new created liarS;, 
produced by an extraordinary fu- 
pernaturall power. I anfwcr,true 
indeed, tis poifible they might be 
ibjbut however tis not likely they 
wtre fo, fince fuch appearances 
may be falved fome other way, 
whtrtforc to fly unto a miracle 
tor inch things, were a great in- 
jury to natuie^ and co derogate 


from her skilly an indi£;nirie 
nnich mif-becommini]; a man 
who profeflcs himfelte to be a 
Philolbpher^ Mlracuhm (diirh 
one) ejliiKoiantice Jfylf4?/f^ a mi- 
racle otten ferves for th.e recep- 
tacle of a lazy ignorance which 
any indultrious Spirit would be 
adiamedof, it being bnt an idle 
way to fiiift offthe labour of any 
further fearch. But here's the mi- 
fery of it^ v/ee firft tie our lelvcs 
unto ^nJfofirs\^nnci^\QS^ and 
then conclude, that nothin<^ 
could contradift them but a mi- 
racle.^ whereas 'twould be much 
better for the Common-wcallh 
ot learning, ifwc would i^round 
our Principles lacher upon the 
frequent experiences of our 
owne^ then the bare authority 
ot others. 

Some there are, who tliinkc 
that theie Comets are nothing 
elie^ but exhalations from our 
earthy carried up into the higher 
parts of theHeavai. So'Pf^^, 

N . Roth- 

-*«:■;-::.. X 


7}cbo ?rd' 


The difcoyery 

RotbmamHi & GaliUttSy but this 
is not poflible^ fince by compu- 
tation 'tis found that one of j 
them is above 300 times bigger I 
than the whole Globe of Landj 
and Water. Others therefore 
have thought that they did pro- 
ceed from the body of the Sun, 
and that that Planet onely is 
Cometarumcfpcifiaj widctan^nam 
emjfarii & exploratores crxuteren- 
tur^ brsvi ad fohm redituri : The 
fhop or forge of Comets iioni 
whence they were fent^ like fo 
many fpics^ that they might in 
fome ihort Ipace returnc againc, 
but this cannot bc^ fmce it fo 
much matter had proceeded 
from him alone^ it would have 
made a fenlible diminution in 
his body. The Noble Tycbo 
therefore thinkes that they con- 
lilt of fome Inch fluider parts of 
the Heaven, as the milkie way is 
framed of^ which being condenit 
together, yet not attaining to 
the ccnliltcncy of a Starre^ is in 


of a new World. 


(onie Ipacc of time rarificd a- 
^aiiie into its wonted nature. 
But this is not likely^ tor if there 
had bccne fo great a condenfa- 
tion as to make them (hinc fo 
bright, and lall: fo ]^ they 
ivoiild then fenlibly have moved 
dovvnewards towards iome cen- 
ter ot gravity^ becauic whatfo- 
ever is condenft mult ncceflTarily 
:n^ow heavier^ whereas thcfe ra- 
ther fecnied to afcend higher^ 
as they lafted longer. But (bmc 
may objeft^ that a thing may be 
ol the lame weighty when it is 
raritied^ as it had while it was 
condenft : fo metajls^whcn they 
are melted^ and when they arc 
cold : fo water alfo when it is 
h'ozen^nnd when it is fluid, doth 
not diiier in rei] eft of giavity. 
But to thcflj 1 anlv/er : Firlt^ 
Metalls arc wiX raritied by n'.el- 
ting3 but moliiicd. Secondly^, 
water?*, are net pr(;per]y rondePi- 
ied, but congealed into a harder 
iiibttancep the parts being not 

iM 2 CO]^.- 


I •>78 

De Comet, 

L 5. f. 2. 



The diJcoDery ! 

contrafted clofcr together^ but 
itili poirdring the lime cxten- 


And bcfidc^ what likely caufc 
can wc conceive of this condcn* 
fation^ iinlcire there be Inch qua- 
lities there^ as there are in our 
ayre^ and then why may not the 
Planets have the like qualities, as 
our earth ? and if fo^ then 'tis 
more probable that they are 
made by the ordinary way of 
nature^ as they are with us, and 
conlilt of exhalations from the 
bodies of the Planets. Nor is 
this a Hngular opinion 5 but it 
feemed moft likely to CamiUpu 
GlorJofus, Th, CampaffcUay Fro* 
tnofidHj^ With fomc others. But 
if you aske whither all thefe ex- 
halations fhall returnc^ I anfwer, 
every one into his ownc Planet : 
ii" it be againe objeftcd, that 
then there will be ib many cen- 
ters ot gravity^ and each ieverall 
Planrt will be a diilinft world ; 
Ireply^ ptihaps all of them arc 




of a new World. 

Co except the Sunue^ though 
Cufmus thinkes there is onealib^ 
and later times havediicovered 
feme leflcr Planets moving 
round about him. But as tor 
Saturne^ he hath two Mooncs on 
each fide, Jufiter hatli foiirc, 
that incircle his body with 
their motion. Venus is obftrved 
to increale and decreafe as the 
Moone, M^rs^ and all the relt, 
derive their light f' om the Sunne 
onely. Concerning Mercury^ 
there hath bcenc little or noob- 
fcrvation, becaule for the mod 
artj he lies hid under the Sunne 
eames^and ieldomcappeares by 
himfelfe. So that if you conli- 
der their quantity ^their opacity^ 
or thefc other difcoverics^ you 
fhall finde it probable enough^ 
that each of them niay bca le- 
verall world. But this would be 
too much for to vent atthcHrrt. 
the chicfe thing at which I now 
ayme in this difcourfcj is to 
N 3 prove 




DC meteor* 
Art. 6, 


The difcoyery 

prove tlvit there may be one in 
the Moone. 

It hath bccne before confir- 
med that there was a fpheareof 
thicke vaporous aireencompaf- 
in^ the Moone. as thefirftand 
fccond regions doe this earth. 
I have now fhcwcd, that thence 
fuch exhalations may procecdc 
as dec produce the Comets : now 
from hence it may probably 
follow^ that there may be wind 
alfoandraine^ with fuch other 
Meteors as arc common amongft 
us. This confequencc is (ode- 
pendant^ that Fromondus dares 
nut deny it, though hee would 
(as hee contelTes hirnfelfc) for if 
the Sunne be able to exhale 1-rom 
ri crn Inch tumes as may caufc 
Corner?^ why not then fiichas 
may caufe winds^ and why 
not liich alio as caufe raine^ 
iince 1 have above fhewed^ that 
tlierc is Sea and Land as with us. 
Now raine fcemes to be more 
clpcci.Jly requificc for them, 


of A nen> World. 

fince it may allay the heate and 
fcorchings of the Siinnc^ when 
he is over their heads. And na- 
ture hath thus provided for thofe 
inPerti^ with the other inhabi- 
tants under the line. 

But if there be fuch grcat^ and 
frequent alterations intheHea- 
vcns^ why cannot wee diicerne 
them ? 

I andver : 

I . There may be fuch^and we 
not able to perceive them^ be- 
caufe of the weaknefle of our cyc^ 
and the diftance of thofe places 
from US5 they are the words of 
Fient4s^diS they are quoted by FrO' 
m$ndt$s in the above cited place) 
Pojfwit maxim t -pmnmatioms in 
coelo fieri^ cdam/ia mbii no7i confpi* 
cis^mr^ hoc vijus nojln debiUtM 
& imnjenfj cceli dijiantia facin^it. 
And unto liim alfcnts Fromondus 
himfelfe^ v/hen a little after hcc 
faies. Si tnfphd^ris flamtarum dc- 
genmus^ plurima forfan coslejiiHm 
yicbalammvdkretoto Atben paffim 

N 4 did^crla 




— :^■^ * " " 


DJjfer. 1. 

The difcoyery | 

, I — .. ■ fc, ■ ■ . ■ » . ^ ^ , 1 

^ifperfa vidcrcmnf, quorum Jjfuies \ 
jam iVjncfcU nimia Jpatii iftter^] 
cup^dine. '^ IFux did live in the \ 
^'fphearcs of the Planets^ wee 
^^ \m<A\t there, perhaps^ dilccrne 
"many £!;icat clouds diipcdcd 
''^through the whole Heavens^ 
which are not now viliblc by 
realbn of this great diltance. 

2. Jllajlin ^nd Ktphr affirme^ 
that they have iccne fonic otj 
thefe alterations. The words ofl 
Majltt) arc theie (as I finde them j 
cited.) In cch^fi Lnrjari v(jfi:rc\ 
DomiuiCA Palmarum Anni i 605. 1 
in r^rpore LuyA verjia Vmream^ 7iU ! 
orscans quadum mjcu'a ccrfpcclal 
////V, chjeurior c^t^iero teto cor f ore, \ 
cjuod catjclentis jc? r/ jiguram r(^r£<^ j 
fmiabat 5 dsX'Jfif ntibila in m^iliam \ extc7/ja phtviii & r^m-l 
fcftxicfts in.bribfu gravtcij^ cpfjuf*] 
t7iQc^iAb(xce/forum monimm jtf^i6\ 
17} l.ktfsiHora cehvdlHtim loc<i vi* 
derc fan rjiQ contwgit. ^*' In that 
^•Mun-iry cclipic which h.:^*p}X'- 
"" ncd in the even of Pa]nie-iiiii-| 

'' dav. 

of a new IV or Id. 

^'day, in thcycere iCcy^ there 
"was a certaine blackiih fj)ot ' 
^'dilccrncd in the Northerly 
^' part of the Moone^ being dar- 
"kcr than any other part of her I 
^^ body^ and rcprefenting the co- 
'^'^ lonr ot red hot y ron-^you might 
^^ conjefturc that it was ibnie di- 
^Matcd clondj being pregnant 
'^ with iliowers/or thus doe iiich 
'^^ lower clouds appearc from the 
^^ tops ot high mountaincs. 

Unto this I may adde another 
teltimony o'tB(ipt.C$funs^,\'s he is 
quoted by Nkrcmbero^iw^ groun- 
ded upon an oblervarion taken 
23. yeeres after this ot AJdtflipf^ 
and writ to this Eufeb, Nicrem^ 
birg, in a letter by that diligent 
and judicious Ailronomei'. The 
words of it runne thus : Et qui-- 
aem tn alipfi nypra Jo/ar/ c]ii(t fait 
ilf> dk r^aiah Chripi^ cbjttvjvi 
dare hi lu.iafolifu^pofita^ qHidpl-- 
&m quod v^lJe j)rch^f id ifftm 
^uidComctit qurr^ dr maCiik l'>^ 
lares urgeht^ mm^c co:Uin:non ijfs 




1 86 I Tbe Difcoyery 

atcfsuitate & variattonibus atrU 
exemptam^ nam circa Lurddmad" 
verti effe fph^ram feu or hem (jueri" 
dam vaporofum^ non fecHS at^ cir-* 
cum tettAm^ <^^^o^^ [icHt ex terra in 
alicjuam uf^ jphjtram vaporet & 
(xhdationes expiranty itaquoj^ex 
luna. ^^ In that late folary eclipfc 
'^ which happened on Chrift- 
" mas day.^ when the Moone was 
^^ jiift under the Sunne^ I plainly 
^difcerned that in her which 
'may clearely confirme what 
^^the Comets and Sunne (pots 
^Moe feeme to prove^ viz.tlut 
the heavens are not folidj 
Sior freed from thofe changes 
^Svhichour aire is liable unto^ 
for about the Moone I percei- 
ved filch an orbe of vaporous 
" aire as that is which doth en- 
compaife our earthy andasva- 
^ pours and exhalations^ are rai- 
led from cur e.irth into this 
/lii'c^ fo are they alfo from 
^' the Moone. 

You ice what probable 
. grounds 

of a nen;? World. 

grounds and plaine tcftimonies 
I have brought for the confirma- 
tion of this Propofition : many 
other things iji this behalfe 
might be fpoken^ vvhicli for 
brevity lake I now omit^ and 
palle unto the next* 

twcr ■•MatffttfU^a 

Propofition 15. 

Thatyis provable there may be in-' 
habitants in this other fVorld 
but of what k^nde ihej ate is un-- 

I Have already handled the 
Seafons and Meteors belong- 
ing to this new World: 'tis re- 
quifitc that in the next place! 
Ihould come unto the third 
thing which I promifed^ and to 
j (uy fomewhat of the inlubi- 
j tants^ concerning whom theie 
! might be many difficult quelU- 
{ ons rai fed^ as whether that place 
I be more inconvenient for habita- 
1 tion 



Ve dc^. 
c, iz. 


T/;^ Di/coy^ry 

tlon then our World (as KepUr 
thinkcs) whether they arc the 
feed of ^^^1^5 whether they are 
therein a blefTed elhite^ orelfe 
what mcanes there may be for 
their (alvation^ with many o- 
ther fiich uncertaine enquiries, 
which I (hall willingly omit, 
leaving it to their examinatiorij 
who have more Icifure and 
learning for the fearch of fiich 

Being for mine own part con- 
tent only to fet downe fuch notes 
belonging unto thele which I 
have observed in other Writers. 
Cum tota ilia regio nobis ignptafzt^ 
remanent inhabitatons illi ignoti 
pcmtur^ (faith C/jr/i;i^J iincevve 
knov/ not the regions of that 
place, wee muft be altogether 
ignorant of the inhabitants. 
There hath not yet becne any 
inch difcovery concerningthcfc, 
upon which wee may build a 
certainty, or good probability ; 
well may wee gucfle at them, and 


that too very doubtfully^ but we 
can know nothings for if we doe 
hardly guefle aright at things 
which be upon earthy if with 
labour wee doe finde the thingjs 
that are at hand^ how then can 
wee (earch out thofc things that 
are in Heaven ? What a little 
is that which wcc know ? in re- 
fpeft of thofc many matters 
contained within this great 
Uiiiverfej this whole globe of 
earth and water? though it 
i'eemetous to be t f a large ex- 
tent^ yet it bcaies not lo nreat 
a proportion unto the whole 
frame of Nature, as a finall 
fluid doth unto it; and what 
can (iich little cre.uures as wee 
difccrnc^ who aie u:d to this 
point of earth ? or what can 
they in the Mo- wc know of us ? 
It wee under(t»>)^d any th'vm 
(faith Efdrdi) 'lis nothing but 
that which is upon the earth, 
andhee that dwdleth above in 
the Heavens^ may onclyunder- 







The di/co)?ery 


ftaiui the things that arc above 
in the heighth of the heavens. 

So that 'twere a very necdc' 
leffe thine, for us^ to (carch after 
any particula/s^ however, wccj 
may t^ucirc in thej^cnerali^ that 
there arc fomc inhabitans in 
that Planet: for why elfedidj 
Providence furniih that place' 
with ill! fuch conveniences ofi 
habitation as have beenc above! 
declared ? 

But you will iliy^ pcjhaps, is 
there not too great and intol- 
lerable a heatCj lince the Sunnc 
is in their Zinith every monedij 
and doth tarry their lb long be- 
fore heel eaves it? 

lanfwer^ i. This niay^ per- 
haps, be remedied (as it is under 
the line) by the frcqucncie of 
mid-day fliowers^ which may 
cloud their Sunne^ and coole 
their earth: 2. The equality of 
'their nights doth much temper 
the fcorching of the day^ and 
the extreme cold that comes 


of a neyp World. 


from the onc^ require feme fpacc 
before it can be difpelled by the 
other^ lb that the hcate ijien- 
ding a great while before it can 
have the viftory^ hath not af- 
terwards much time to ra^re in, 
Wherforc notwithftanding thi% 
yet that phtce may remaine ha- 
bitable. And this was the opi- 
nion of the Cardinal de cufa^ 
when fpcaking of this Planet^ 
he faies^ Hie locus Mundi ejl ha- 
bitat io hominnm & animit/mm atij^ 
vegttahilitim. ^^ This part of the 
''^ world is inhabited by men and 
'•'beads, and Planets. To liim 
aflented Campamllj^ but hcc can- 
not determine whether there 
wereraen, or rather fomc other 
kindeot creatures. If they were 
men, then he thinkes they could 
not be infefted with J^dzms 
linne ; yet^ perhaps^ they had 
fome ot their owne^ which 
might make them liable to the 
fame mifery with m^ out ot 
which^ perhaps^ they were de- 


j 190 

EplM* lo. 

l^jc dl/co )?ery 

livcred by the lame means as vVc 
the death oi Chnll:^ and thus he 
thinkcs that place of the Epbe-. 
(iarjs may be interpreted^ where 
the Apoltle laies^ God gathered all 
things together tn ChriJ}^ hil) 
n>kuh are in earthy and u>hfch 
are in the heavens *: So alio 
that ot the fame Apoftle ^0 the 
Colojfizns^ where hee (aies^ that 
itpteajed the Father to reconcile aH 
thtngs unto himfelfe hy Chi\}^ 
whether they be things in earthy or 
t hirjgs in h eaven , 

But I dare not jcrt with Di- 
vine triithcs. or apply thefe pla- 
ces according as tancy direfts. 
As I thinke this opinion doth 
not any wherecontradift Scrip- 
ture^ ^o I thinke likcwife, that 
it cannot be proved from it, 
wherefore CarKpariellas fccond 
conjcftiirc may be more pro- 
b.ib]e^ that the inhabitants of 
that world, arc not men as wee 
i^i'e, but fome other kindc of 
creatures which bearc Ibmepro- 

;__ portion 

of a new World. 


portion and likcnefle to our na- 
tures ^ and ^«/i^/^ too thinkes 
they differ from us in many re- 
Tpefts ; I will fef; downe his 
words as they may bee found 
in the abovecited place^ S^f^f-- 
camtu in regtone folU mJgii ejfe 
faUres^ claros (^ illamhatof intd- 
lei} Hares habit at ores ^ (phjtualiores 
etijm qitam in h{»a^ ubi magis hi- 
mxici^ &t?j terra y wagis materi' 
ateSy & crafty nt iUi melle^udis 
niiHi'£ folates jint multHm in aSu 
& f arum in potemia ; terrini verb 
mx^is in potentsa j c^ parttm hi 
a[iii y lunar es in medijfiff&fi.:>/tes^ 
Hoc quidem opnamur ex i J?/<f^- 
ti:i irnili folis aquaiica firmd ^ 
Aeria lunde , c^ gravedms w^tcri^ 
alt terr£ , & ccfi^m'tUter dc aIUs 
jlellarnm regiombi^ fufj^icamts, 
' nkllam hahitatoribu^ cjrere^ q^ufl 
I tn jt^t partes pariiCf>iljres mundia^ 
I ks Hyiitis untverji 3 qi4ot fu7itjiei<z 
I (jHar^m non ejl nnwcrur , «//r 
(ippid efim qui omnia in nnmero 

O ^^We 


The dtfcoyery 

^^ Wcc nK\y conje(5turc ( faith 
^^ hc)thc inhabiters of the Sunne 
"iiiclike to the nature of that 
^^ Planct^more clearc and bright^ 
/•Siioie intellect: lall and fpiri- 
"^^ tuall ;han thole in the Moone 
^Svhe.e they are neercr to the 
^*^ nature of that duller Planet^ 
^^ and thofe of the earth being 
^^niorc grotle and materia]! 
"^^than either 5 fo that theft in- 
''^'telleftuall natures in the Sun, 
^^are more forme than niattcr_, 
^"^ thole in the earth more mat- 
^ter than forme ^ and thofe 
^Sn the Moone betwixt both. 
^'^ This wee may gueffe from the 
^^ fiery influence of the Sunne^ 
" the watery and aereous infiti- 
^'ence of the Moone ^ as alfo 
^^ the matercall heavinefle of the 
"^ earth. In (bmefuch manner 
^Mikewife is it with the regions 

ot the other Starres ^ for wee 
^^conjcfture that none of tlicm 
^ are without inhabitants ^ bur 

that there arc fo many parlicu- 



of a new World. 


^'lar worlds and paits of this 
^^ one iniivcrfcj, as there are Stars 
" which are innumerabJe.unlclIc 
" it bee to him who created all 
^*^thin2;s in number. 

For he held that the (tars were 
not all in one equall Orbe as we 
commonly fuppofe^ but that 
Tome were farre higher than Ga- 
thers which made them appeare 
lefie^ and that many others were 
(o (.\ re above any of thclc , that 
they were altogether inviiible 
mitous. An opinion (which as 
I conceive) hath not any great 
probability for it, nor certainty 
aeainll it. 

The Priert of Saturne relating 
to P/ntMrch (as he faigncs it ) the 
nature of the Selenites^ told 
him they were of divers difpo- 
iitions 5 fomc dcilring to live in 
the lower parts of the Moone, 
where they might looke dovvne- 
wardsupon uSjWhile others weie 
morefiirely mounted aloft, all 
of them (liining like the rayes of 
O 2 the 


NaL Com. 

Tbe difcoyery 

the Siin^ and as being viftorioiis 
as downed with i^;ail.andsmadc 
with the wings of Eajiaihia or 

It hach becne the opinion a- 
mon^it fome of the Ancients, 
that their Heavens and Elylian 
fields were in the Moone where 
the aire is moll: quiet and pure. 
Thus Socrates^ thus Piato^ with 
his followcrs^did efteenie this to 
bee the place where thofe purer 
foules inhabit 5 who are freed 
from the Sepulchre , and coiita- 
p;ion of the body. And by the 
Fable of Crr^/^continually wan- 
drina, in (earchof her daughter 
Frofcrpina^ is meant nothing elfe 
but rhe longing delire of men^ 
who live upon Ceres earth ^ to 
attaine a place in ^roferfma^ the 
Moone or Heaven, 

Plutarch alfo feenies to afTent 

unto thisj but hee thinkcs more- 

over,that there arc two places of 

happinefle anfwerable to thole 

jtwo parts which hee fancies to 



remaine ot a man when hee is 
dead ^ the ibiile and the iinder- 
ftandin^ ; the foule he thinkcs is 
made ol: the Moonc ^ and as our 
bodies doe Co procecde from the 
duft of this earthy that they fhall 
letLirne to it hereafter ^ lb our 
foules were generated out of that 
Planet^ and fh.dl bee refblvcd in- 
to it ai^aine^ whereas the under- 
ftanding fhall afcend unto the 
Sunnc^out of which it was made 
where it fliall pofleile an eternity 
of well being 5 and farre greater 
happinefle than that which is 
enjoyed in the Moone. So that 
when a man dies^ if his foulc bee 
much polluted^thcn muit ic wan- 
der upanddowneinthe middle 
region of the aire where hell is^ 
and there fufFer unfpeakable tor- 
ments for thofc finncs whereof 
it is guilty. \V hereas the foules 
of better men^ when they have 
in fome fpacc of time beene pur- 
ged from that impurity which 
they did derive fi:om the body^ 
O 3 then 



The difcoDery 

then doe they letiirne into the 
Moone^ where they are pofleft 
vvithdich a joy 5 as thole men 
fcele who profeflc holy mifte- 
rics/rom which place (faith he) 
ionic ai c (ent downe to have the 
fiiperintendance of Oracle-,, be^ 
in^ diligent either in the prefer- 
vation of the good ^ either from 
or in all perils^ and the preventi- 
on or punifhmcnt of all wicked 
aftions ^ but if in the(c imploy- 
mcnts they mif-behavc thcn> 
fclves^ then are they againc to be 
iniprifoned in a body^othcrwife 
thcyiemaine in the Moonetill 
their body be refolved into it^ k 
the undcrlhnding being cleared 
iixmiaJl impediments 5 afccnds 
to the Sunne v/hich is its pro- 
per place. But this requires a di- 
ver fe fpace of time according to 
the divers affefticns of the foiile. 
Astorthofcwho havebcene rc- 
felves to a itudious and quiet life^ 
theie are quickly preferred to a 


of A neyp World. 


higher happincfle. But as for 
(iich who have bulled thenifelves 
in many broyles ^ or have beene 
vehement in the profccution of 
any luft, as the ambitious^ the a- 
morons, the wrathful! man^ thcfe 
ftill rctaine the glimples and 
dreames of fuch things as they 
have performed in their bodies^ 
which makes them either altoge- 
ther unht to remaine ^;here where 
they are^or elie keepes them long 
ere they can put off their foules. 
Thus you fee p/utarchf opini- 
on concerning the inhabitants 
and neij^hbours of the Moonc, 
which (^according to the man- 
ner of the Acadcmickes ) hee 
delivers in a thi:d pcrfon ; you 
fee he makes that Planet an intc- 
riou;' kind of heaven^^and though 
hee diifcr in nv.iny ciicumlhin- 
ces 5 yet doth hee defcribc it to 
be Icmefiich place ^ aswecfup- 
pofe Paradife to be. You fee 
likewife his opinion concer- 
ning the place of dimned fpi- 
O 4 rits^ 

fe' V 


De chit. 
Dei. lib. iz 


The difcoyery 

■ ■■■■■ ■■■i w .. — n il , . m, , 11^ 

litSj that it is in the middle regi- 
on of the aire , and in neither of 
the(c ishce fingular^ but fonie 
more late and Orthodox Wri* 
ters have agreed with hinit As for 
t!ic place o!: hell, many thinkcit 
may be in the well as any 
where el fe. 

True indeed^ Saint Apijlin af- 
firmes that this place cannot bee 
difcovered ; But others there 
are who can fhew the lltuation 
ot it out of Scripture • Some 
holding it to bee in fome other 
world without this^ becaufe our 
Saviour calls it a-tjir®- i^eirxes^^ 
ontward darkencfle.But the molt 
will have it placed towards the 
Center of our earthy becaufe 'tis 
<aid 5 Chriil defccndcd into the 
lower parts of the earth , aiui 
fome ot thcfe are io confident^ 
that this is its lituation^that they 
can afcribe you its bignefTcalfOj 
and ot what capacity it is. Fran- 
cii Rihra in his Comment on the 
Revelations^ fpeaking of thofe 


words, where 'tis faidj that the 
blood went out of the Wine- 
prefTe ^ even unto the horfcs bri- 
dles by the fpaceof one thoii- 
f-uid and lixc hundred furlongs^ 
interprets them to bee meant of 
Hell 5 and that that number ex- 
prefles the diameter of its conca- 
vity ^ which is 200 Italian miles; 
but LejfiHS thinkes that this opi- 
on pives them too much roome 
in hell^ and therefore hee gucflcs 
that 'tis net (o wide ; for (faith 
hee) the diameter of one league 
being cubically muliiplied^will 
make a fphcare capable of 
Scoooo millions of damned bo- 
dies, following to each fixe foote 
in the (quarajV/hercas (iaies hee) 
'tis ccrtaine that there (hall not 
be one hundred thoufand milli- 
ons in all that flwll bee damned. 
You Ice the bold hfuit was caie- 
full that every on: fliould have 
I but roome enough in hell ^ and 
by the lh\angenefle of the cojije- 
fture^you may gucffe that he had 





The Difcolpery 

rather bee abfurd^ than fceme 
either uncharitable or ignorant. 
I remember there is a relation in 
P/iV^j how that VionifiodorhS a 
Mathematician^ being dcad^ did 
(end a letter from his place to 
{bme of his friends upon earthy 
to certific them what diflance 
there was betwixt the center and 
(iipei ficies: hee might have done 
well to have prevented this con- 
troverfie^and enformed them the 
utmoft capacity of that place. 
However^ certaine it is^ that that 
number cannot bee knowne^and 
probable it is ^ that the place is 
not yet deteimined^ but that hell 
is there where there is any tor- 
mented foulc^ which may bee in 
the regions of the aire as well 
as in the center ; but of this 
oncly occalionally^ and by rea- 
fon of PItttarchs opinion con- 
cej'ning thofc that are round a- 
borit the Moonc ; as for the 
Moone it felfc, hce eftcemes it to 
bee a lower kindc of Hcavcn^and 


of a ncvo World. 


therefore \\\ another place hee 
cals it a terreftraill (larre^ and an 
Olympian or ccleftiall earth an- 
fwerable ^ as 1 conceive , to the 
paradifc of the Schoolemen, and 
that Paradife was cither in or 
ncere the Moone^ is the opinion 
of fome later Writers ^ who de- 
rived it (in all likelihood) from 
the^ affcTtiv n of Vl^to ^ and p ;r- 
haps^ this oiVl^itauh. Toftatus 
laics this opinion upon Ijioder. 
BiQfaUnfis , and the venerable 
Bde • and Ve^^rius fathers is up- 
on Strabus and K^bamis his Ma- 
tter. Some would have it to bee 
fituatcd in liich a place as could 
not be difcovered^ which caufcs 
the penman of hjdras to make it 
a iiarder matter to know the out- 
goings of Paradife^then to weis^h 
the weii^ht of the fire^or meafure 
the blalVs of wind^ or call againe 
a day that is palt. But notwith- ; 
ilandins; this^ there bee fome o- j 
thcrs who thinkethat it is on the | 
top of ibme high mountainc un- \ 

dcr i 



lib.l . cap J* 
§ 7» 

Z Efd.4'7 


( Z.04 

1 In Gcac/l 



CsrzmeTft* in 

"^6 7^ 

' The Dijcoyery 

der the line ^ and thcfe interpre- 
ted the torrid Zone to be thefla^ 
ming Sword whereby Paradife 
was guarded. 'Tis the confentof 
divers others, who agree in this 
that Paradift is fituated in (bnie 
high and eminent place. So 7"^- 
^^ttis: Efi etiam ParadifHsfitu aU 
tffflma , fupm omnem urviZ altitu- 
dirjtmy ^^ Paradife is fitiiatcd in 
"fome high place above the 
/'earth : and therefore in his 
Conient upon the 49. oiGenefs^ 
hee iinderltands the blelTing of 
lacob concerning the everlasting 
hills to bee meant of Paradife, 
and the bleffing it felfe to bee 
nothing elfc but a promife of 
Chriifls comming^by whofe paf- 
fion the gates of Paradife (hould 
bee opened. Unto him affentcd 
Ktipmtif^ Scot:ts^ and moft of the 
other Schoolemcn.ns I find them 
cited by Pereriu^^ and out of hini 
mSr.H^.Ratpleigh. Their reafon 
vyas this : becaufe in probability 
this place was not ovei'flowed 


of a neyfi World. 


bytheflood^ fince there were no 
linners there which might draw 
the curfe upon it. Nay TV*]?^- 
tHS thinkes that the body of 
£/?^c6 was kept there^ andlbme 
of the Fathers^ as Tertullun and 
Aujiin have affirmed ^ that the 
blefled foules wxre referved in 
that place till the day of judge- 
ment ^ and therefore 'tis likely 
that it was not overflowed by 
the floods andbefides^ fince all' 
men (hould have went naked if- 
Ad^m had not fell^ 'tis ivquifite 
therefore that it (hould be fitua- : 
ted infome fuch place where it : 
might bee priviledged from the 
extiemities of heat and cold.But 
now this could not bee ( they 
thought ) fo conveniently in 
any lower ^ as might in fome > 
higher aire. Fori:he(e and fuch 
like confiderations have fomany 
affirmed that Paradife v. a in a 
high elevated place^ vvhich'ion^e'' 
have conceived coiltd bee no 
where but in theMooilet'^For 





The diJcoy>ery 

-^ ■■ ■■ - ^"^-^^ — - 

it could not be in the top of any 
moiiiitiine^nor cm we thinkeof 
any other body ieparated from 
this earth wliich can bee a more 
convenient place for habitation 
than thisPLnct^ therefore they 
concluded that it ivas there. 

It could not bee on the top of 
any mountaine. 

1. Becaufe wee have exprcfle 
Scripture, that the highclt of 
them was ovcrfiovv^ed. 

2. Becaufe it muil bee of a 
greater extenlion, and not fonie 
Imall patch of ground^ {\ncQ 'tis 
likely all mcafhould havelived 
there, if ^irf^w had not fell. But 
for afitisfaftionof thefe argu- 
ments, together with a farther 
difcourfe of Paradiie, I fball re- 
fcrre you to thoft who have 
written purpofely upon this 
lubjca:. Being content for my 
owne part to have fpoken fo 
muchofit, as may conduce to 
Ihew the opinion of others con- 
cerning the inhabitants of the 


of a ne-^ World, | 107 

Moone^ Idarc notmyfelfeaf-l 
tirme any thing of thcfe SeJc- 
nitcsj bccaufe i know not any 
ground whereon to build any! 
probable opinion- But I thinkcj 
that future ages will difcover 
morc^ and our pollerity^ per 
haps 5 may invent fomc meanes 
for our better acquaintance with 
thefe inhabitants. Tistheme-f 
thod of providence not pirfoit- 
ly to (hew us all^ but to lead us a 
long from the knowledge of one j 
thing to another. Twa? a great 
while ere the Planers were di- ! 
ftingui(hcd from the fixr.J Stars, I 
and fometiine after tha: ere the \ 
morning and evening It ine v. x. c 
found to bee the farr.e^ and in 
greater fpace I doubt not bur this | 
alfb^ and farrc greater mylicficsJ 
will bee difcovered. In the tirll: I 
ages of* the world the Liindcrsj 
either thought thcmiclves to be ^ 
the oncly dwellers upon the; 
earth 5 or elft if there were any \ 
other 5 yet they could not pol^ I 
fibly i 




fibly conceive how they might 
have any commerce with them^ 
being fevered by the deepeand 
broad Sca^ but the after-times 
found out the invention of fliips^^ 
in which notwithiiandingnone 
but feme bold daring men durft 
venture 5 there being few fo re- 
Ibkite as to commie thcmfclves 
unto the vafte Ocean 5 and yet 
now how eafie a thing is this^ 
even to a timorous & coivardly 
nature?So5perhaps^there may be 
fome other meanes invented for 
a conveyance to the Moone^and 
though it may feeme a terrible 
and impolTible thing ever to paffi 
through the varte (paces of the 
aire^yet no queftion there would 
bee fome men who durlt venture 
this as well as the other. True 
indeed 5 I cannot conceive any 
poffiblemeanes for the likedif- 
coveryof this coujefturej fince 
there c?,n bee no (ailing to the 
Moone^ unlefTe that were true 
which the Poets doe bu.: feigne^ 



mmmmm^m m i ^» . < »- 

oja mw World, 

■lJj i lMt.LJ, j j I' tH- ..J,. ! , ! I ^ I ^ 

that flie^ made her bed in the 
Sea. We have not now any T>ui^ 
or Olumbuf to undertake this 
voyage^pr any^DddslM to invent 
a conveyance through the aire. 
However ^ I doubt not but that 
time who is ftijl tbj father of 
WW truths 5 and Jiath reveakd 
unto us many things which 
Qur Ancefioura were ignorant 
of 5 will alfo nianifbft to our 
pofterity^ that which wee now 
dejirej, but c^nnet knovy. I^^mf 
Umf;fs (faith SeK0Ca)^U9 ifla qn^ 
nunc latent 9 in Inc&m dies txtrahet 
& lofigiorU Avi dtUgemia. Ti nie 
wi]l come when the indea- 
vour5 of afrer-agcs ftiall bring 
fijch thing? to light 5 as now lie 
hid in ohCcmity. Arts are not 
yet come to their Solftice ^ but 
thelnduftry of fmuie times af-! 
filled with the labours of their 
foixfatheri^jmay reach unto that 
height which wee could not at- 
taine to. Ver^iei fempjtrtftiop^^* ^ 
pri flpflri no$ tarn <ipdrta mfci^e 








ntirentm. As wee now won- 
der at the Llindnefle ofour 
Anceftors 5 who were not a- 
bJe to dilcerne ftich things as 
fecme plaine and obvious unto 
us. So will our poftcrity ad- 
mire ovt ignorance in as per- 
^icuous matters, Keplar doixhi^ 
notj but that as foone as the 
art of flying is found out^ feme 
of rheir Nation will make one 
of the firft colonies that /hall 
inhabite that other world. But 
I leave this and the like con- 
jeftures to the fancie of the 
reader; Defiring now to finifh 
this Difcourfe^ wherein I have 
in fome meafiire proved what 
at the firft 1 promifedj a world 
ua the Moone. However^ I am 
not fo rcfohite in this, that I 
thinke tis neceflary there nuift 
be one, but my opinion is 
that 'tis pofiiblc there may be, 
^nd tis probable there is ano- 
ther habitable world in that 
Planet. And this was that I 


of a net!? World, 

undeitooke to prove. In the pur- 
fuit whereof 5 it I have {hewed 
much weaknefle or indifcretion ; 
I (hall willingly fubmit my felfe 
to the reafon and cenfure of the 
more judicious. 


/ •■ 


The Propofitions 

that are proved in 

this Difcourfc. 

Piopofition I. 

That the([raKgentftefth(i s/i. 
nktt i$ nojufictem reaf$n tfb) 
it fottUt h rtjiBed, iecanfi 
6ther cmaint truths have hem 
fortnerly tj}ce:iied ridiculotu^tni 
grt«t ahfwdftiej entertayncdbj 
common conftnt. 

By \uy cf Pfcftce. 

' t^at MflHrality of worlds deth nH 
co'jtradm tny trmeipU ofrea- 
fon or faith. 






Th4t fhe heavens (ht not conftfi of 

, anyfuchfute matter winch can 

pivihdge them from the likfi 

change and corm^tion^ ai ikef^ 

inferior bodies are liable unto. 

Prop. 4. 

T!hat theMoone is afoUd^ compd^ 
Sled^ o^acoHs body* 

Prop. 5» 

'that the LMoone hdth not any light 
of her $wne. 

Prop. 6. 

That there U a rvorld in the Moone^ 
hath btene the direS opinion of 
n ^fsncient^mthfome moderne 
Jldathirnddctans^ andmajfrO'- 
bablj be didnctd^om ibt temnts 
of others. 

■«—— IT' '»• - 




Prop. 7. 

Thstthofe Jpouandbrighitt fMrft 
whtehby our fight may be di* 
fitngHtjhed in the Moone , dot 
fi?ew the difference betwixt the 
Sea and Land in that ether 

Prop. 8. 

That thefpets reprefeni the Sea^and 
the brighter parts the Lund. 

Prop. 9. 

That there are high Menntainet^ 
de^pe vaSieSy andjfdcieue fUims 
in the hdj of the Meone. 



/ ' 

TbMt there u mn Atme.ffhdtfa^ or 
^n orbe ef gr^jfc vaforous aire^ 
irtmedtatelj encamp a jfin^the ^5- 

Prop. II. 

^— W • 

Prop. II. 

That Of their world ir onr <J^i§om^ 
fo of^r world h tbtir Afoouc, 

Prop. 12. 

That tis probable thtn may he 
fiich Meteors belonging to that 
vporldm the Moone , as there art 
with U4^ 

Prop, 13. 

That tit f rotable there may he ifi'^ 
habitants in thut other fVorld^ 
bm of what k^nde :^ejarcis un-^ 




, '*■'!?!'•■■ 


■yi''';'.'';''iiR 'Ifl'i-'i'iSiB 

'■ ;■■'•. ■,?'''(fi.'.,-jgi'i,ji:<l;;'!?