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The Oldest Name In American Firearms 

SPRINGFIELD ARMORY 

www.springfieldarmory.com 




MJ. GARANn 



DO NOT ATTEMPT TO LOAD YOUR Ml GARAND UNTIL YOU HAVE READ THIS MANUAL! 



REVIEW THE SAFE HANDLING RULES PRIOR TO EACH USE 



IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION INSIDE 

Keep this manual with your rifle and review it before each use. Do not allow others to handle or fire your rifle 
until they have read this manual. Transfer this manual with the firearm upon ownership change. 

Be a responsible gun owner. Use it safely, store it securely, and always transfer a gun responsibly and legally 




TABLE OF 



Before loading and firing this rifle 3 

About your owners manual 3 

Gun safety is no accident 3 

Used guns 3 

Store guns safely in the honne 3 

Nomenclature 4 

Use of the Ml Garand 5 

Ammunition 5 

Rules for safe shooting 11 

When you pull the trigger and nothing happens 16 

Note to left handed shooters 18 

Operation of the safety 18 

Loading and unloading 20 

Firing the rifle 25 

Maintenance 25 

Cleaning the Gas system 26 

Cleaning the bore and chamber 26 

Stock 28 

Storage 28 



CONTENTS 

Muzzle protector 29 

Rear sight protector 29 

Sights 30 

Match sight fine adjustment 30 

Disassembly/Assembly 31 

The three main groups 31 

Disassembly 32 

Disassembly of barrel and receiver group 33 

Removing the bolt 36 

Assembly of barrel and receiver group 36 

Replacing the bolt 36 

Replacing the operating rod 37 

Assembly of the three main groups 37 

Reference materials 38 

Ml Garand Standard Model Exploded View 39 

Shooting positions 40 



2 



Before loading and firing this rifle 
read and understand the information 
in this manual. 

This is an auto-loading rifle. It is immediately loaded and 
ready to fire again after each shot until all shells loaded in 
the clip have been fired. The rifle is able to fire both 
with and without the clip in place. The rifle is not unloaded 
until the chamber is empty. 

About your owners manual 

This is an instruction booklet on how to operate this 
firearm with some basic safe handling rules. It does 
not attempt to provide information about using a gun to 
defend yourself, how to hunt, or for competitive or 
target shooting. It is important to get instruction from a 
competent instructor prior to engaging in any of these 
activities. The National Rifle Association, your local or 
state authorities or your gun dealer may provide 
information regarding available instructors or training 
courses. Using a gun for self defense is a complex 
subject with dangers and risks for which you must 
be properly trained. Know and understand the laws 
regarding self defense. 




Gun safety is no accident 

Every safety rule has a 
reason behind it - read 
the rules carefully and 
understand why the rule 
is important for safety. 

It is recommended that every person receive instructions 
from a competent firearms instructor before handling this 
or any other firearm. 

Know and obey all gun laws. Do not give a gun to 
someone who is not allowed to own a gun or who may 
use it for a criminal purpose. 

Used guns 

If you purchased this firearm as a used gun have it 
inspected and tested by a competent gunsmith before 
you use it. Guns are sometimes altered and may 
require repair before they can be used safely. 

Store guns safely in the home 

Store guns unloaded, locked and in a secure place. Obey 
gun storage laws. Store guns and ammunition separately 
Because your children may be in other homes where guns 
are stored, you should show them what to do if they see 
or find a gun by showing them the Eddie Eagle video 
available from the NRA by calling (703) 267-1000. 




USE OF THE Ml 6ARAND 

Before handling or using your IV11 Garand inspect tlie cliamber to make sure tlie gun is unloaded. 

1. Your firearm is delivered factory packaged and preserved with a light coating of 
protective grease and oils. Before loading make certain that all packing grease 
and oil has been cleaned from the bore and exposed mechanism. 

2. Your firearm comes equipped with an effective, well-designed safety device. HOWEVER, NEVER RELY 
COMPLETELY ON ANY SAFETY MECHANISM. It is NOT a substitute for cautious gun handling. NO safety 
however positive or well-designed, should be totally trusted. Like all mechanical devices, the safety is subject 
to breakage or malfunction and can be adversely affected by wear, abuse, dirt, corrosion, incorrect assembly, 
improper adjustment or repair, or lack of maintenance. Moreover, there is no such thing as a safety which is 
"child-proof" or which can completely prevent accidental discharge from improper usage, carelessness, or 
"horseplay". The best safety mechanism is your own good sense; USE IT! Always handle your firearm as though 
you expect the safety NOT to work! 

AMMUNITION 

3. The M1 Garand is designed and built to specifications to shoot U.S. Caliber .30 Rifle cartridge ammunition or 
30-'06 Springfield. Springfield also builds Garands to shoot .308 caliber cartridges. The correct caliber for 
your gun is stamped on the barrel. DO NOT USE ANY OTHER CALIBER. The specifications for standard 
military ammunition include harder primers to withstand the slight indentation from the firing pin when the bolt 
chambers a cartridge. This slight indentation is normal. The use of civilian ammunition with more sensitive 
primers or handloads with commercial primers and/or improperly seated primers increase the risk of primer 
detonation when the bolt slams forward. This unexpected "slam fire" can occur even if the trigger is not being 
pulled and if the safety is on. Use of military specification ammunition will help avoid this. Every shooter should 

5 



^ WARNING 



use extreme caution when loading this or any other firearm. See page 20 for instructions on proper loading to help 
avoid a "slam fire". Also see enclosed article on "Slam Fire" written by Wayne Faatz. 



Use only recently made high quality, original military or factory-manufactured ammunition in the correct caliber. 
Old ammunition may deteriorate from age causing it to be dangerous. Do not use cartridges that are dirty wet, 

corroded, bent or damaged. Do not oil cartridges. Do not spray aerosol-type 
lubricants, preservatives or cleaners directly onto cartridges or where excess 
spray may flow into contact with cartridges. Defective ammunition is the primary 
cause of mishaps and can cause injury or death to you and bystanders. 



Lubricant or other foreign matter on cartridges can cause potentially dangerous ammunition malfunctions. Store 
ammunition in a cool dry place to prevent contamination and deterioration of the primer and powder. Use only 
ammunition of the caliber for which your firearm is chambered. The proper caliber is permanently engraved on 
your firearm; never attempt to use ammunition of any other caliber. Defective ammunition can create 
excessive pressures resulting in an explosion and cause injury or death to you and/or those nearby. 
You must assume responsibility for using proper and safe ammunition. 

Keep ammunition separated by caliber at home and on the range. This can be done by keeping it in the original 
box. Throw ammunition away that has been dented or deformed, shows signs of wear such as split or cracked 
necks, cratered or flattened primers, or punctured cases. If you have any reason to question the safety of any 
cartridge do not use it and safely discard it immediately. 



DO NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES USE OLD OR RELOADED AMMUNITION PURCHASED 
AT GUN SHOWS, ESTATE SALES OR AUCTIONS. 



5. The use of reloaded, "remanufactured", hand-loaded, or other non-standard ammunition voids all warranties. 
Reloading is a science and improperly loaded ammunition can be extremely dangerous. Severe damage to the 
firearm and serious injury to the shooter or to others may result. Reloaded ammunition that may function in a 
bolt or slide action firearm may not properly function and may even explode in a semi-automatic. The risk of a 
mishap is reduced by using current clean military ammunition or ammunition that complies with the industry 
performance standards established by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute, Inc. of 
the United States, (SAAMI). 

6. Firearms may be severely damaged and serious injury to the shooter or to others may result from any condition 
causing excessive pressure Inside the chamber or barrel during firing. Excessive pressure can be caused by 
obstructions in the barrel, propellant powder overloads, or by the use of incorrect cartridges or defectively 
assembled cartridges. In addition, the use of dirty corroded, or damaged cartridges may cause personal injury 
from the sudden escape of high-pressure propellant gas within the firearm's mechanism. 

7. Immediately stop shooting and check the barrel for an obstruction whenever: 

• You have difficulty in, or feel unusual resistance in, chambering a cartridge 

• A cartridge misfires (does not go off) 

• The mechanism fails to extract a fired cartridge case 

• Unburned grains of propellant powder are discovered spilled in the mechanism 

• A shot sounds weak or abnormal. In such cases it is possible that a bullet is lodged part way down the 
barrel. Firing a subsequent bullet into the obstructed barrel can destroy the firearm and cause serious injury 
to the shooter and to bystanders. 

8. Bullets can become lodged in the barrel: 

• If the cartridge has been improperly loaded without propellant powder, or if the powder fails to ignite. 
(Ignition of the cartridge primer alone will push the bullet out of the cartridge case, but usually does not 
generate sufficient energy to expel the bullet completely from the barrel.) 



WARNING 



generate sufficient energy to expel the bullet completely from the barrel.) 

• If the bullet is not properly seated tightly in the cartridge case. When such a 
cartridge is extracted from the chamber without being fired, the bullet may be left 
behind in the bore at the point where the rifling begins. Subsequent chambering 
of another cartridge may push the first bullet further into the bore. 

9. If there is any reason to suspect that a bullet is obstructing the barrel, immediately 
unload the firearm and look through the bore. It is not sufficient to merely look in 
the chamber. A bullet may be lodged some distance down the barrel where it 
cannot easily be seen. 

WARNINfi ^ BULLET IS IN THE BORE, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO 
g^lA WUHnillllU SHOOT IT OUT BY USING ANOTHER CARTRIDGE, OR BY 

^ d BLOWING IT OUT WITH A BLANK OR ONE FROM WHICH 

THE BULLET HAS BEEN REMOVED. SUCH TECHNIQUES CAN GENERATE EXCESSIVE PRES- 
SURE, DESTROY THE FIREARM AND CAUSE SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY TO YOU AND 
BYSTANDERS. 

If the bullet can be removed by pushing it out with a cleaning rod, clean any unburned 
powder grains from the bore, chamber, and mechanism before resuming shooting. If 
the bullet cannot be dislodged by firmly tapping it with a cleaning rod, take the firearm 
to a gunsmith. 

10. While shooting any semi-automatic firearm, an unfired cartridge or fired cartridge case 
may occasionally become jammed between the bolt and the barrel. Clear the jam as 




follows, WHILE KEEPING THE MUZZLE POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION: 

Pull back the bolt and hold or lock it to the rear. The jammed cartridge or case now 
can be removed by shaking it out or by picking it out with the fingers. When the bolt 
is jammed closed put the safety "ON", and point the gun in a safe direction. Place 
the butt of the rifle on a hard surface and strike the bolt handle to the rear using a 
wooden or plastic mallet to open the bolt. If this fails to open the bolt take the gun 
to a gunsmith immediately. Determine what caused the jam before resuming 
shooting. 

1 1 . Dirt, corrosion, or other foreign matter on a cartridge can impede complete 
chambering and may cause the cartridge case to burst upon firing. The same is 
true of cartridges which are damaged or deformed. 

12. Do not oil cartridges, and be sure to wipe the chamber clean of any oil or 
preservative before commencing to shoot. Oil actually interferes with the friction 




between the cartridge case and chamber wall that is necessary for safe functioning, 
and subjects the firearm to stress similar to that imposed by excessive pressure. 



13. Use lubricants sparingly on the moving parts of your firearm. Avoid excessive spraying of any aerosol gun care 
product, especially where it may get on ammunition. All lubricants, and aerosol spray lubricants in particular, can 
penetrate cartridge primers and cause misfires. Some highly penetrative lubricants can also migrate inside 
cartridge cases and cause deterioration of the propellant powder, and on firing the powder may not ignite. If only 
the primer ignites there is danger that the bullet may become lodged in the barrel. 



14. Never fire any semi-automatic firearm with your finger, hand, face, or other part of your body over or adjacent to 
the ejection port, or in any position where you may be struck by the reciprocating movement of the operating rod 
or bolt. Both the ejection of empty cartridge cases and the movement of the operating rod and bolt are part of 
the normal operating cycle of semi-automatic firearms and pose no safety hazard to the shooter if the firearm is 
held in a normal grip and fired at arms' length as intended by its design. 



All firearms require periodic maintenance and inspection which may reveal a need for adjustment or repair. Have 
your firearm checked by a competent gunsmith annually even if it seems to be working well, since breakage, 
improper functioning, undue wear, or corrosion of some components may not be apparent from external 
examination. If you notice ANY mechanical malfunction, DO NOT continue to use the firearm. UNLOAD the 
firearm and take it to a competent gunsmith immediately. Similarly, if water, sand, or other foreign matter enters 
the internal mechanism, the firearm should be dismantled for complete and thorough cleaning. Failure to keep 
your firearm clean and in proper working order can lead to a potentially dangerous condition. 



H Always wear eye and ear protection when using any firearm. 
Safety and instruction manuals are available from Springfield, Inc. 



ALWAYS POINT YOUR GUN IN A SAFE DIRECTION. 

10 



BEFORE USING OR HANDLING REVIEW THE 
FOLLOWING RULES FOR SAFE SHOOTING. 

ALWAYS FOLLOW THESE RULES 
TO BE A SAFE SHOOTER! 

READ THESE AND BE A SAFE SHOOTER 

ACCIDENT (AK' si dent) N. 1. An unintentional or unexpected [Happening tliat is undesirable or unfortunate, esp. 
one resulting in injury, damage, harm or loss. 



Don't be the cause of an accident! 



^ WARNING 



A responsible gun owner is safety minded and always handles guns in a safe manner by following the basic rules 
of safe shooting and using common sense in the use of a firearm. 



11 



BE A RESPONSIBLE GUN OWNER... 

Read these rules! Use common sense! 

• Always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. 

• Keep your finger off the trigger until you are actually aiming at the target and ready to shoot. 

• Treat every gun as if it is LOADED. ..ALL THE TIME! 

• Be sure of your target and backstop before you shoot. Ask yourself what your bullet will hit if it misses or goes 
through the target. The bullet can travel over a mile. 

• Place the safety ON when not shooting. 

• DO NOT DROP YOUR GUN. If it falls, it may fire even with the safety on. If you do drop it, unload it and insure it 
works correctly before using it again. When firing this or any other high power rifle always keep a firm hold on the 
gun. Anticipate the noise and recoil. 

• Never put your hand over the muzzle of a gun. 

• Never rely on a gun's "safety" to protect you from unsafe gun handling. A safety is only a mechanical device, not 
a substitute for common sense. 

• Be sure the barrel is clear of obstruction before shooting. 

• If anything does get into the barrel, remove cartridges and clean bore immediately before attempting to shoot. 
Obstructed barrels can burst and injure you or bystanders. 

12 



BE A SAFE SHOOTER... 

• Never let water, snow, mud or other material enter the barrel. 

• Never pull a gun towards you by the muzzle. Do not climb a tree or cross a fence or ditch with a loaded gun. 

• Guns and alcohol or drugs do not mix. Do not use them before or during shooting activities. 

• Get instructions from a competent firearms instructor before using any gun. 

• Always keep and carry your rifle with an empty chamber until you intend to shoot. 

• Firearms should be unloaded when not actually in use. This means the chamber is empty and the magazine 
is removed. 

• When receiving a gun always open the action and check that it is unloaded. 

• Load the gun only when on the range preparing to fire, and unload it before leaving the range. 

• Load and unload with the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. 

• Be certain the gun is unloaded before cleaning. 

• Always unload guns before entering a house, car, truck, boat, RV, camp or any building. 

• Never leave a loaded gun unattended. 

13 



• Store guns and ammunition separately beyond the reach of children. 

• Never place a gun where it could fall and fire. 

• Children do not really believe that guns can kill. Keep every gun secure so kids can not get to them. If a child 
finds your gun and plays with it, tragedy may result. 

• Use a secure case to transport your M1 Garand. Know and obey the laws for transporting firearms. 

• Old or reloaded ammunition may be dangerous. Use only clean, dry, original, high-quality, commercially 
manufactured ammunition. 

• Many ammunition identifications sound similar. Make sure you use the right size ammunition in your gun. 

• If a gun fails to fire when the trigger is pulled, keep it pointed at the target for at least 10 seconds before 
removing the cartridge from the chamber. Sometimes slow primer ignition will cause a "hang-fire" and the 
cartridge will go off after a short pause. 

• Spectators should be 10 feet behind and away from the shooter while loading, firing and unloading. 

• Always wear protective eyewear when shooting or near shooting activities. 

• Always wear hearing protection when shooting, at a shooting range, or near shooting activities. 

• Never shoot at hard flat surfaces, the ground, water or rocks. ..bullets will ricochet unpredictably. 

• Do not alter or modify your gun, and have guns serviced regularly. 



• Do not attempt to change your gun's trigger pull, because alterations of trigger pull usually affect sear 
engagement and may cause accidental firing. 

• Stop using your gun if it fails to function properly Have the gun examined by a competent gunsmith. 

• Do not "horseplay" with a gun. Your gun can not think. ..but you can. Firearm safety depends on you. 

• Use a gun lock when gun is not in use and store firearms in a secure place. 

• Never assume or take someone's word that a gun is unloaded. Always check it yourself. 

• Always carry a gun so you can control the direction of the muzzle in the event you fall or stumble. 

• Never transfer a gun to someone who is not legally permitted to possess it or who might use it unlawfully. 

• Know and obey all laws of firearms use and ownership. 

• Write to Springfield concerning any items which you do not understand and which might relate to your safety and 
the operation of any of our products. 

Always wear eye and ear protection when using any firearm. 
Safety and instruction manuals are available from Springfield, Inc. 

15 





WARNING: WHEN THE TRIGGER IS PULLED YOU MUST EXPECT THE GUN TO 
FIRE, AND YOU MUST TAKE FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR FIRING IT. 



WHEN YOU PULL THE TRIGGER 
AND NOTHING HAPPENS 

You can expect your M1 Garand to fire when you pull the trigger, but there may be times when you pull the trigger 
and the gun does not fire. When this happens it is important to understand the various conditions that could cause 
this to happen. In every instance it is important to keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction while you 
identify what happened. Wait 10 seconds in case there is a "hang-fire"- where the primer delays igniting the powder. 
After 10 seconds you can begin to take corrective action. 



WHAT TO DO 

First look at the bolt. If the bolt appears to be closed pull the bolt back by pulling rearward on the operating rod handle. If no shell is 
ejected and the chamber is empty there was a failure to feed. Release the bolt then pull back on the operating rod handle just far 
enough to allow you to see if a shell was chambered. If there is a shell in the chamber the gun is ready to fire. If there is no shell in 
the chamber check the clip to make sure it is properly inserted. Then pull the operating rod handle back and release it. If the clip is 
properly seated the gun should be ready to fire. If there is another failure to feed, remove the clip and insert a different one. If there 
is a continued failure to feed, unload the gun and take the gun to a competent gunsmith. 



If after pulling the bolt back there is a cartridge in tlie cliamber, keep holding the operating rod handle to the rear. (If the 
cartridge in the chamber is unfired the bolt will push another cartridge against the unfired cartridge primer and perhaps 
cause the shell to explode). Put the safety on and eject the clip and remaining cartridges (See Page 23- Unloading.) Only 
after the clip is out should you depress the follower and allow the bolt to slam forward and open the bolt again. If the 
cartridge continues to remain in the chamber pull the operating rod handle back and lock it open. If possible, use a 
screwdriver to pry the rim to loosen the shell. If this does not work, point the gun in a safe direction and insert a cleaning 
rod in the muzzle. Keeping your hands away from the muzzle, tap the cartridge until it comes out. Check the extractor and 
clean the chamber. If this problem repeats itself, unload the gun and take it to a gunsmith for inspection and repair. Do not 
use the gun if this problem persists. Safely dispose of the cartridge. 

If an unfired cartridge is ejected, lock the bolt back. Inspect the primer on the cartridge. If there is a small or faint 
indentation, the bolt may not have been fully closed. If the primer mark is deeply indented the primer is defective. Both 
cartridges should be safely discarded. Release the bolt and chamber a cartridge. Check the bolt to see if it is fully 
closed. If not, unload the gun and inspect the ammunition and chamber to see if they are clean. A dirty chamber or 
deformed ammunition will prevent the bolt from properly closing. Properly loading the first cartridge from the clip requires 
you to properly insert the clip and to release the operating rod smartly to allow the bolt to slam forward and strip the 
cartridge from the top of the clip. If the bolt continues to not close fully, try a different clip. Take the gun to a competent 
gunsmith if the problem continues. 

If a cartridge is ejected without the bullet DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RELOAD THE GUN UNTIL YOU HAVE LOOKED 
DOWN THE BARREL AND DETERMINED THAT THE BARREL IS FREE FROM OBSTRUCTION. A bullet stuck somewhere 
in the barrel will cause the gun to explode if another shell is fired. You can only remove a bullet stuck in the barrel by 
pushing it out with a wooden dowel or cleaning rod (See Fig. 8). Do not try to remove the bullet any other way. If in 
doubt, take the gun to a gunsmith. 

Always load the M1 Garand from the clip. Placing the shell directly in the chamber allows the bolt to slam forward harder 
than it would if the shell had to be stripped from the clip. When this occurs the inertia firing pin can come in contact with the 
cartridge primer with sufficient force to cause a "slam fire". A "slam fire" can occur even if you are not pulling the trigger and 
even if the safety is on. The use of handloads increases the chance of a "slam fire" and should not be used. When releasing 
the bolt to load a cartridge in the chamber you should always hold the gun firmly and keep it pointed in a safe direction. 



NOTE TO LEFT HANDED SHOOTERS 

The M1 Garand was designed to be operated and fired right handed. That's the way Uncle Sam wanted it and that's the 
way instructions on use were given. If you are left handed take the time to practice using the M1 Garand right handed. If 
this does not work for you, you must develop safe handling procedures that work for you. However, it is safer to operate 
the M1 Garand right handed as it was designed. 



OPERATION OF 
THE SAFETY 

When the hammer is cocked the gun may be 
placed on "SAFE". To do this press firmly on the 
safety lever until it snaps rearward into the trigger 
guard to put the safety "ON". (See Figure 18). 
When the safety is "ON" the trigger cannot be 
depressed because the trigger is blocked and the 
hammer is locked in place. 



Always wear eye and ear protection when 
using any firearm. Safety and instmction 
manuals are available from Springfield, Inc. 




Fig. 18 



To take the safety "OFF" place your finger inside 
tine trigger guard and press tine safety lever firmly 
forward until it snaps in place in front of the 
trigger guard. (See Figure 19). When the safety 
is "OFF" the gun will fire when the trigger is 
pulled. 



The rifle should be unloaded with the safety "ON" 
by removing the magazine and ejecting the 
cartridge in the chamber by pulling the bolt to 
the rear. 



The rifle sliould always be loaded and 
unloaded with the safety "ON". 



fig. 19 



WARNING: THE SAFETY IS SIMPLY A MECHANICAL DEVICE AND CAN BE BROKEN 
OR MALFUNCTION DUE TO BREAKAGE, IMPROPER ASSEMBLY, WEAR 
OR ABUSE. THE SAFETY DOES NOT REPLACE SAFE GUN HANDLING 
PROCEDURES. 

19 



LOADING 



CAUTION: WHEN LOADING AND UNLOADING ALWAYS HAVE THE SAFETY ON AND 
THE RIFLE POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION. 



1 . Load the cartridge clip. Insert a cartridge on the lower left side of the clip so that its base is against the rear wall of 
the clip and its extractor groove engages the vertical inner side of the clip. The next cartridge should be inserted 
on the opposite side. Continue inserting cartridges until eight have been loaded. The last cartridge will snap in 
place and be on the right side. The cartridge being on the right facilitates locking the clip into the rifle by a right 
handed person. 

If all the cartridges are uniformly seated the clip is ready to load. If some cartridges stick out further then the 
others, remover the top cartridge, push the cartridge that is sticking out back until the extractor groove is 
engaged and replace the top cartridge. 

Caution: Do not try to align the cartridges by hitting the loaded clip against a hard object. This could drive a bullet back into 
the case and create a dangerous condition. 

2. Follow these safety rules before inserting the clip into the rifle. 

1. Point the muzzle in a safe direction 

2. Put the safety "ON" 

3. Do Not load the rifle in your home, car or other buildings other than a shooting range. There is no safe direction 
your rifle can be pointed in these places as a bullet will travel through floors and walls, property damage and 
personal injuries will always occur. 




^WARNING 



^ WARNING 



3. Prepare the rifle for loading. Pull the operating rod handle to the 
rear until the bolt is securely locked open. (See Figure 21-1). 

Caution! Make sure the bolt is not simply resting against the follower. (See 
Figure 21-2) If the bolt is not correctly locked back the bolt may 
slam forward while you are loading the clip unexpectedly 

4. Loading a full clip. Grasp the rifle with your left hand just forward of 
and under the receiver. Place the butt of the rifle on or against 
something fairly solid such as your thigh, a table or the ground. 
Using your right hand place the clip on the top center of the 
cartridge with your hand extended down the right side of the rifle 
so that your hand is just forward of the operating rod handle. Push 
the clip down until it latches. The operating handle and bolt should 
stay to the rear as long as downward pressure is maintained on 
the top cartridge. (See Figure 21-3). 

Caution: Before pushing the clip down into the magazine you must keep in 
mind that the bolt will slam forward immediately after the clip is 
latched and you remove the downward force on the clip. So plan to 
quickly move your right thumb and hand quickly up and to the right 
to clear the bolt as it slams forward. If by chance you do this too 
slowly the edge of your hand should catch the bolt and prevent it 
from smashing your thumb. When loading a Garand clip the first 
time and thereafter, visualize the entire process including the quick 
removal of your thumb and hand before attempting it. Only by 
concentrating on proper loading technique will you avoid an 
"Ml - thumb." If the prospect of having your thumb hit by the bolt is 
unacceptable do not attempt to load your Garand. 




Fig. 21-1 



Fig. 21-2 




Fig. 21-3 



21 



5. If the bolt fails to connpletely strip the first round fronn the clip it will be necessary to bunnp the operating rod handle 
forward with the heel of your right hand to close the bolt. 

6. Loading a partial clip. Start by holding the rifle as you would when loading a full clip. (It may help if the rifle is 
closer to horizontal for this.) Place an empty clip into the magazine and place one cartridge into the clip on either 
side of the follower slide. Then remembering to keep your hand along the side of the rifle in front of the bolt handle 
press the second cartridge down with your thumb until it snaps in place. Additional cartridges may be inserted in 
this manner. 

Caution: Always keep your hand in front of, not on the operating rod handle to catch the handle and prevent the bolt 
from slamming forward if the bolt is inadvertently released. (Once attempting this procedure you will realize 
the benefits of always loading a full clip.) When you have completed adding cartridges, carefully use the 
edge of your hand to push back against the operating rod handle until the bolt is unlatched. When the bolt is 
unlatched press the clip down with the right thumb and allow the bolt to start forward pushing the top 
cartridge toward the chamber Once this is done remove your right thumb and smartly flip your hand up and 
to the right allowing the bolt to slam forward and close. 

7. It is not recommended that cartridges be loaded one at a time. However, a single loading device is available for 
NRA competition where loading single rounds is required. 



22 



UNLOADING 



1 . Point the muzzle in a safe direction. 



2. Put tlie safety "ON" 

3. Place the rifle butt against your hip or thigh or support the butt of 
the stock on a table or bench. Place your right hand along the 
receiver and using your right thumb over the operating rod 
handle pull the bolt slowly to the rear While doing this place your 
left hand over the receiver to catch the cartridge as it is removed 
from the chamber and ejected. (See Figure 23-1). 

4. Next pull the operating rod completely to the rear and hold it 
there. It may be of assistance to grip the rifle with the right hand 
to hold the bolt completely back. 

5. Place the fingers or palm of your left hand over the clip and 
depress the clip latch with your left thumb. (See Figure 23-2). 

At this time the clip and cartridges will pop into your left hand. 

Caution: Do not allow the bolt to move forward while unloading. 

The top cartridge may get pushed forward and interfere 
with the ejection of the clip. 




Fig. 23-1 




Fig. 23-2 



23 



How to have an empty chamber with cartridges in the magazine. 
(This cannot be done with a full clip) 

1 . Point the gun in a safe direction. 

2. Pull the operating rod handle to the rear to remove the cartridge from the chamber and hold the handle to the rear. 

3. Depress the top cartridge and slowly allow the bolt to move forward over the top of the cartridge about an inch. 

4. Remove your thumb from the cartridge. 

5. Allow the bolt to move forward into the empty chamber 

Caution: If this procedure is not properly performed a cartridge may be chambered creating a dangerous 
condition. To avoid this carefully observe the bolt as it closes to make sure that a cartridge is not 
inadvertently chambered. 

How to close the bolt with an empty rifle. 

1 . Place your right hand along side of the open operating rod. 

2. Using the edge of your right hand, push the operating rod slightly to the rear and depress the follower with your 
right thumb. 

3. Slowly allow the bolt to move forward overriding the follower. 

4. Remove your right thumb. n^V^r 

5. Slowly allow the bolt to move forward until it is fully forward. l^^^^ 

Caution: Allowing the bolt to slam forward on an empty chamber ^^.^^^^ ^7 ^^"^ 

. , I ,1 .r, „ ■ I -i. i_ -I I using any iirearm. Safety and instruction 

IS hard on the rifle. Avoid it whenever possible. , •, ui c • t 

^ manuals are available irom Sprmgiield, Inc. 



24 



FIRING THE RIFLE 

WARNING: BEFORE AIMING AND FIRING YOUR RIFLE BE SURE IT IS SAFE TO DO SO. KNOW WHERE YOUR 
BULLET WILL BE STOPPED. 

When the rifle is loaded and you intend to fire, aim at your target, move the safety to the off position and pull the 
trigger. Expect the gun to fire loudly and recoil. Do not drop the rifle. The M1 Garand will automatically chamber a 
live round from the clip after each shot until the clip is empty. When the clip is empty it will automatically eject from 
the rifle and the bolt will lock back. When through firing put the safety "ON" and unload the gun. Always keep the 
muzzle pointed in a safe direction. 

A rifle may be fired from various positions. (See illustrations at the back of the manual.) If you are unfamiliar with 
shooting a rifle you should get instructions from a competent instructor before attempting to fire your rifle. 
This manual does not attempt to provide instruction on marksmanship, hunting, self defense or the 
many other uses of a rifle. Each firearm discipline requires training and practice from a competent 
instructor. Do not attempt to use any high power rifle such as an Ml Garand for home or neighborhood 
defense without prior training and consideration of other options. 

jl^ WARNING 

MAINTENANCE ^ I 

Your Ml Garand rifle is one of the finest military-type rifles ever built. Very little maintenance is needed to keep 
your Ml Garand in superb condition. Disassembly should be kept to an absolute minimum. This is especially true 
with National Match and Ultra Match rifles, whose actions are glass bedded to their stocks. Unnecessary removal 
promotes wear, sloppy fit, inaccuracy and defeats the purpose of the bedding. Please do not field strip your 
match rifle unless it is absolutely necessary. 

25 



CLEANING THE GAS SYSTEM 

The gas system should be cleaned periodically to prevent the build up of carbon deposits 
and prevent erosion. Use a M10 (See Figure 26-1) or early issue (See Figure 26-2) combo 
tool to remove the gas cylinder lock screw. Do not attempt to remove the gas cylinder from 
the barrel as this can loosen the fit and degrade accuracy Use a cleaning rod, patches, 
and powder solvent to clean the gas cylinder. Use powder solvent to clean the gas cylinder 
lock and screw. Heavy carbon build up may need to be chipped or scraped away Apply a 
thin film of grease to the gas cylinder lock screw threads when reassembling. 

CLEANING BORE & CHAMBER 

The bore and chamber should be regularly cleaned using proper equipment. Modern barrels 
shoot better when clean. To properly clean the barrel you should remove powder fouling 
and gilding metal from the bore, clean the flash suppressor and clean various residue from the chamber. When cleaning 
the barrel, place the rifle upside down to prevent solvent, oil, etc. from entering the stock and the gas system. 










Early Issue 




Combo Tool 






Fig. 26-2 






25 



CLEANING THE BORE 

Bore solvent such as Shooters Choice® or Hoppe's Bench Rest® (not regular) is recommended when cleaning your M1 
Garand bore. Place rifle with sights down and run wet patch through the bore. Let soak for 20 to 30 minutes then run 
dry patches through bore until patch comes out clean. Use bronze bore brush sparingly to help loosen particles. 
NOTE: Put solvent on brush - not brush in solvent! Clean brush thoroughly afterward with gun scrubber, lighter 
fluid, etc. Good solvent will attack the brush. 



CLEANING THE CHAMBER 

The chamber should be cleaned periodically with the chamber cleaning brush. 
The following procedure is used with the rifle assembled and the bolt locked 
back and the safety on. Apply a light coating of bore cleaner into the chamber, 
insert early issue combo tool chamber brush into chamber. Work the brush back 
and forth in a twisting motion several times to scrub the chamber. Remove the 
brush from the chamber. Use a clean patch to wipe the chamber. Repeat with 
clean patches until patches come out clean. Do not oil chamber as chamber 




was designed to operate dry 

Fig. 271 

27 



STOCK 

Once a year, on oil-finished stocks, a light coat of tung oil or boiled linseed oil applied to the exterior wood surface is 
favorable but not necessary. After applying, immediately wipe wood dry with paper towel. 

STORAGE 

Consideration toward safety is paramount in storing your Ml Garand. The rifle should be unloaded with the safety on. A very light film of 
high quality oil should coat the bore and all metal surfaces. Periodic inspection of your Ml Garand should be performed, especially in 
environments where high or fluctuating temperatures and/or humidity is present. Use a gun lock when the rifle is stored (See Figure 28). 




Gun Lock 



Fig. 28 

28 



MUZZLE PROTECTOR 

Springfield Armory suggests tlieir muzzle protector, (See Figure 29-1), 
as a useful addition to M1 Garand storage. NOTE: Not available for muzzle 
brake equipped M1 Garand rifles. This low cost cover not only keeps dirt, 
moisture and particulate matter from damaging the rifle bore, but also protects 
the front sight and bayonet lug from "dings" and mild shock. 
A clean, dry area, secure from children's curiosity, is ideal for safe 
storage of your M1 Garand rifle. Always use a gun lock when not in use. 
(Muzzle protector can not be used with gun lock in place.) 



REAR SIGHT PROTECTOR 

A rear sight protector, (See Figure 29-2), is available to protect the 
rear sight aperture and adjustment knobs and is recommended by 
Springfield Armory. 

Springfield Armory offers a complete line of options and accessories 
to accommodate your M1 Garand. Please refer to our general 
catalog and current price list. Write to: Springfield Armory, 
420 West Main Street,Geneseo, IL 61254, or visit our website at 
www.springfieldarmory.com. 

29 



SIGHTS 

CAUTION: The sights are not zeroed at the factory. All sights should be "adjusted and sighted in" immediately in 
order to shoot accurately. A standard sighting in procedure is set forth in the article by Duff and Miller enclosed 
with your rifle. 

Note "V" notch at rear edge of hooded aperture. When notch is turned from the "down" position to the up position, 
your zero will move up a 1/2 minute. When the notch is turned to the "down" position, your zero will move down. 
Most shooters sight in with the notch down. The Ml Garand standard rear sight does not have a hooded aperture. 



MATCH SIGHT FINE ADJUSTMENT 

Your National Match rear sight, (found only on National Match and Ultra 
Match rifles), has a 1/2 minute of angle elevation adjustment feature built 
into the hooded aperture eyepiece (See Figure 30). 

A. Elevation Knob D. Windage Reference Point 

B. Elevation Reference Point E. Hooded Aperture Eyepiece 
0. Windage Knob 




Always wear eye and ear protection when using any firearm. 
Safety and instruction manuals are available fi'om Springfield, Inc. 



30 






DISASSEMBLY/ASSEMBLY 

The Standard M1 Garand has been designed to be taken apart and put together easily. No force is needed if it is 
disassembled and assembled correctly. However, the frequency of disassembly and assembly should be kept to a 
minimum. Constant disassembly causes excessive wear of the parts and leads to their early unserviceability and to 
inaccuracy of the rifle. Please do not field strip your match rifle unless it is absolutely necessary. 



THE THREE MAIN GROUPS 

The three main groups are the trigger housing group, the barreled receiver group, and the stock group. 



Stock Group 




Barreled Receiver Group 



Trigger Housing 
^— Group 



Prior to disassembly, put safety on and unload the rifle! 



Always wear eye and ear protection when using any firearm. 
Safety and instruction manuals are available fi'om Springfield, Inc. 



31 



DISASSEMBLY 



Point the gun is a safe direction. Unload the rifle and close the bolt prior to 
disassembly (See Page 24). 



To remove the trigger housing group place the rifle upside down with barrel 
pointing away from you. Grasp the forend with one hand. Grasp the rear of the 
trigger guard with the thumb and forefinger of your other hand and pull upward 
and outward until the mechanism is released. Lift out the trigger housing group 
(See Figure 32-1). 



To separate the barrel and receiver from the stock, lay the rifle on a flat 
surface with the sights down and muzzle to the left. Grasp the top of the 
forend with the left hand and with right hand grasp the rear sights/receiver 
and pull down. With a standard rifle the stock should separate easily If 
not, with the rifle in this upside down position, raise the buttstock and strike 
down firmly on a hard surface against the stock's comb while pulling the 
receiver down with right hand (See Figure 32-2). 

CAUTION: DO NOT ATTEMPT DISASSEMBLY OF NATIONAL MATCH OR 
ULTRA MATCH GARAND WITH THE ABOVE METHOD OR THE STOCK 
MAY BE BROKEN OR DAMAGED. 

Fig. 32-2 



Fig. 32-1 




32 



DISASSEMBLY OF BARREL AND RECEIVER GROUP 




Warning: Removing tlie operating rod spring is a dangerous procedure. If not 
properly held, the spring will eject the follower rod and could injure you or a 
bystander. Wear eye protection at all times. 

1 . Place the barrel and receiver group on a flat surface, sights down, muzzle to the left, bolt closed. Grasp the follower rod and pull it 
towards the muzzle, disengaging it from the follower arm. Lift up slightly, slowly releasing the spring pressure, and remove the operating 
rod spring and follower rod from the rifle. (See Figure 33-1). 

2. Remove the follower arm pin. (See Figure 33-2). 



Fig. 33-1 




33 



3. Lift the operating rod catch assembly bullet guide, and follower arm away from the receiver (See Figure 34-1). 

DO NOT ATTEIVIPT TO REIVIOVE THE ACCELERATOR AND PIN FROIVI THE OPERATING ROD CATCH ASSEMBLY. 




4. Lift the follower assembly out of the receiver. (See Figure 35-1). 

5. Pull the operating rod to the rear until it is aligned with the rear of the disassembly notch. Using an upward and 
outward movement disengage the operating rod from the receiver. (See Figure 35-2). Remove the operating rod by 
pulling to the rear and then downward Ml GARAND OPERATING RODS ARE BENT BY DESIGN, DO NOT 
ATTEMPT TO STRAIGHTEN OR ALTER YOUR OPERATING ROD. 






BOLT EXPLODED VIEW 

Tlie bolt sliould NOT be disassembled. 
It does NOT require internal cleaning. 
To disassemble the bolt requires a 
special re-assembly tool. 
Any problems with the bolt 

should be dealt with 
directly by a professional 
Springfield technician. 



Fig. 36-1 



35 



REMOVING THE BOLT 

Grasp the right lug and, while sliding it forward, lift it upward and outward to the right front with a slight counter- 
clockwise rotating motion (See Figure 36-1). 



ASSEMBLY OF BARREL & RECEIVER GROUP 



REPLACING THE BOLT 

Place the barrel and receiver on the table, sights up, muzzle pointing away from you. Hold the bolt by the right lug and 
place the rear of the bolt on the bridge of the receiver, with the firing pin tang pointed down. Turn the 
bolt slightly clockwise until the tang of the firing pin clears the bridge. Guide the left locking lug of the bolt into its groove 
in the left slide of the receiver. Lower the right locking lug on its bearing surface and slide the bolt halfway to the rear. 

REPLACING OPERATING ROD 

Holding the operating rod at the handle, place the front end into the gas cylinder, and posi- 
tion the rod so that the recess in the operating rod hump fits over the right bolt lug. Move 
the operating rod handle to the left until the operating rod guide lug fits into the disassem- 
bly notch on the receiver. Then push the operating rod forward until the bolt is closed. 




Reinstall remaining components in reverse order. Referring to the drawings will aid in reassembly of the gun. Insure 
that the extension on the operating rod catch is under the tab of the clip latch. (If you push against the 



37 



REFERENCE MATERIALS INCLUDED 

1 . Department of the Army Field Manual, FM 23-5 

2. Zeroing M1 & M1A service rifles by Scott Duff & John Miller. 

3. Article on Slam Fire by Wayne FAATZ. 

If a copy of these articles are missing or additional copies are desired, send request to Springfield, Inc., 420 West 
Main Street, Geneseo, Illinois 61254, with name and address for a free copy. 



S Always wear eye and ear protection when using any firearm. 
Safety and instruction manuals are available from Springfield, Inc. 



*TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS MAY BE ALTERED WITHOUT NOTICE. 



38 



# Name 

1 Receiver 

2 Follower 

3 Follower Rod 

4 Follower Arm 

5 Follower Pin 

6 Bullet Guide 

7 Clip Latch 

8 Clip Latch Pin 

9 Clip Latch Spring 

10 Stack Swivel 

11 Stack Swivel Screw 

12 Gas Cylinder 

13 Lower Band Pin 

14 Lower Band 

15 Op Rod Catch 
Accelerator 

16 Op Rod Catch Sthpped 

17 Gas Cylinder Lock 

18 Gas Cylinder Lock 
Screw 

19 Op Rod Catch Pin 

20 Op Rod 

21 Op Rod Spring 

22 Bolt 

23 Firing Pin 

24 Ejector (Bolt) 

25 Ejector Spring 

26 Extractor 

27 Extractor Spring 

28 Extractor Plunger 

29 Trigger Housing 

30 Trigger Guard, Stamped 



Ml GARAND EXPLODED VIEW 

# Name 

31 Ejector, Clip 

32 Trigger and Sear Assembly 

33 Hammer 

34 Hammer Spring 

35 Hammer Spring Plunger 

36 Hammer Spring Housing 

37 Hammer Pin 

38 Trigger Pin 

39 Safety 

40 Elevation Knob 

41 Windage Knob 

42 Aperture 

43 Base, Rear Sight 

44 Rear Sight Cover 

45 Front Sight, Std. 

46 Front Sight Screw 

47 New Walnut Stock 
w/o Hardware 

48 New Walnut Front 
Handguard 

49 New Walnut Rear 
Handguard 

50 Butt Plate Assembly 

51 Rear Swivel 

52 Butt Plate Machine Screw 

53 Butt Plate Wood Screw 

54 Front Ferrule Screw 

55 Front Swivel tf 

56 Front Ferrule ^ t\ !l)if$i 

57 Handguard Clip Oi*f4t/« 

58 Handguard Band ^f^j 



59 Barrel 




39 



THE FOUR BASIC SHOOTING POSITIONS 




Springfield Armory MIA Rifle Pictured. 



NOTES: 



43 




Be a responsible gun owner. 
Use it safely, store it securely, and always 
transfer a gun responsibly and legally. 



H Always wear eye and ear protection when using any firearm. 
Safety and instruction manuals are available from Springfield, Inc. 



The Oldest Name In American Firearms 

SPRINGFIELD ARMORY. 

Springfield Inc. • 420 West Main St • Geneseo, IL 6 1 2 54 
Toll Free 800-680-6866 • Phone 309-944-5631 • Fax 309-944-3676 
www.springfiddarmory.com 




Copyright 2 001. Contents property of Springfield, Inc. All rigfits reserved.