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THE     HISTORY     OF     THE     CLAN     MACRAE 

The    Rev.    ALEXANDER    MACRAE,    M.A.    (Author) 

II I  S  T  0  R  Y 



THE     REV.     ALEXANDER     MACRAE,     MA. 

IXi;  W  ALL:      n  E  ORG  E      S  0  D  T 

Fifty  Copies  of  this  Volume  have  been 
printed  on  large  paper,  of  which  this  is 




The  delay  which  for  various  unavoidable  reasons 
has  occurred  in  the  publication  of  the  large  paper  edition 
of  this  book  has  afforded  an  opportunity  for  making 
considerable  additions  to  it,  as  it  first  appeared.  These 
additions  are  the  work  mainly  of  my  fellow-clansman  and 
namesake  Mr  Alexander  Macrae,  M.A.,  Bushey,  Hertford- 
shire, a  gentleman  who  adds  ripe  scholarship  and  high 
literary  attainments  to  an  intimate  knowledge  of  the 
Gaelic  language  and  of  the  people  of  Kintail  among  whom 
his  youth  was  passed. 

In  the  preface  to  the  original  edition.  I  dealt  at  some 
length  with  the  rival  claims  of  the  Inverinate,  Conchra, 
and  Torlysich  families  to  contain  the  senior  lineal  repre- 
sentation of  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd,  whom  I 
there  described  as  the  founder  of  the  Clan.  This  question 
was  gone  into  with  great  fulness  during  the  hearing  of  the 
"Macrae  Chieftainship"  case  in  the  Court  of  the  Lord 
Lyon  King  of  Arms  in  1908-9 ;  but  it  still  remains  un- 
settled, while  it  is  claimed  on  behalf  of  the  Claim  Ian 
Charrich  branch,  not  without  valid  reason,  that  they  are 
an  older  family  than  Fionnla  Dubh's,  and  that  their 
progenitor,  Ian  Carrach,  and  not  Fionnla  Dubh,  was  the 
real  founder  of  the  Clan  Macrae  of  Kintail.  The  decision 
of  the  Lord  Lyon  did  not  upset  the  statement  contained 
in  the  opening  paragraph  of  the  first  chapter  of  the  book, 
(a  paragraph  which  was  first  written  as  far  back  as  1893, 

Preface  to  the    Large  Paper  Edition. 

and  that  after  long  and  careful  inquiry),  to  the  effect  that 
the  Macraes  were  under  the  Chieftainship  of  the  Barons 
Mackenzie  of  Kintail,  as  the  evidence  submitted  to  the 
Court  did  not  show  that  the  Macraes  ever  acknowledged 
any  other  Chief. 

But  although  the  Lord  Lyon's  judgment  left  the 
question  of  Chieftainship  as  it  was  before,  yet  the  great 
interest,  called  forth  by  this  famous  case,  has  brought  a 
"  fierce  light  "  to  beat  upon  the  history  of  the  Clan,  with 
the  result  that  additional  information  about  its  past 
history  is  being  slowly  but  surely  gleaned  from  various 
sources,  and  it  is  hoped  that,  at  no  distant  date,  it  maybe 
found  possible  to  bring  out  a  thoroughly  revised  and  re- 
arranged issue  of  this  book  with  further  additions,  and, 
possibly,  corrections  also.  The  number  of  inquiries  con- 
stantly received,  and  the  fact  that  there  have  been  many 
more  applications  for  the  large  paper  edition,  than  could 
be  supplied,  would  seem  to  show  that  there  will  soon  be 
room  for  another  issue. 

A.   M. 

Wandsworth  Common,  London. 
19th  November,    1910. 


1.  Barrett,  F.  T.,  for  the  Mitchell  Library,  Glasgow. 

2.  Blind.  Mrs  J.  M..  13  Lower  Maze  Hill.  St   Leonards-on-Sea,  Sussex. 
is.  Burford,  Mrs  E.  H..  518  X.  Pennsylvania  street,  Indianapolis, 

Indiana,  U.S.A. 
I.  Cadell,  George,  20  Murrayfield  Drive,  Murrayfield,  Midlothian; 

3.  Cole,    Miss    M.     Ward,    Glanderston,    Normanby   Street,    Brighton. 

Victoria,  Australia. 

6.  Finlayson,  MissC.  M.-,  Heathfield,  Bridge-of -Weir. 

7.  Forrester,  R.,  Bookseller,  1  Royal  Exchange  Square,  Glasgow. 
0.    Matlieson,  Sir  Kenneth,  Bart.,  of  Lochalsh  (2  copies). 

10.  Mackenzie.  Colonel  J.  A.  I'.  II.  Stewart,  of  Seaforth. 

11.  Mackenzie,  Sir  Arthurj  Bart.,  of  Coul. 

12.  Mackenzie,  Mrs,  1  Albany  Street.  Oban. 

l.-i.    Mackenzie.  Mrs.  22  Newbattle  Terrace.  Edinburgh. 

14.  Melville  &  Mollen.  Proprietary,  Ltd.,  Booksellers,  12  Ludgate Square, 

London.  E.C. 

15.  Melvin  Bros.,  Booksellers.  Inverness. 

Hi.    Macrae.  Duncan.  Ardintoul  House,  Kyle. 

18.   Macrae.  Sir  Colin  George,  Edinburgh  (2  copies). 

l!i.   MacKae,  Dr  Farquhar,  27  Lowndes  Street.  Belgrave  Square,  London. 

2i p.   Macrae.  The  Kev.  Donald,  B.D.,  Edderton,  Ross  shire. 

21.  Macrae.  John,  22  West  Nile  Street.  Glasgow, 

22.  Macrae,  Miss  F.,  High'and  Orphan  ige,  Inverness. 
2:>.   Macrae,  J.  M.,  Chattanooga,  Tennessee.  U.S.A. 

24.  Macrae,  H.  ft.,  Esq.,  of  Chines.  14  Gloucester  Place.  Edinburgh 

25.  Macrae,  Colonel  I!..  C.S.I.,  Nairn. 

26.  Macrae,  Wm.  S.,  700  Cherry  Street,  Chattanooga,  Tennessee.  U.S.A. 

27.  Macrae,  Malcolm.  Lochluichart,  Ross-shire. 

28.  Macrae.  C.  C,  93  Onslow  Gardens,  London,  S.W. 

.")".   Macrae,  Hugh.  Investment  Trust   Company,  Wilmington,  North 

( 'arolina  (5 copies). 
S4.    Macrae.  J.   D.,  M.D.,  BonarBridge. 
35.    Macrae.  R..  Merchant.  Shieldaig,  Lochcarron. 
■A'.\    Macrae.  The  Rev.  Alex..  M.A..  London  (4  copies). 

41.  Macrae.  Alex..  M.A..  Busliey.  Herts  (2  copies). 

42.  Maciae.  G.  W.,  700  Cherry  Street,  Chattanooga,  Tennessee,  U.S.A. 

43.  Macrae,  D.  J.  Borpukhuni  Tea  Estate.  Sooted  P.O..  Assam.  India. 

44.  Maciae.  Farquhar,  Reno.  Nevada. 

47.    Macrae.  A.  W.,  Calicut,  India  (3  copies). 

45.  Macrae,  Miss  Jane.  Box  208,  Glencoe.  Ontario.  Canada. 

4-1.    Macrae.  Finlay.  902  Ninth  Avenue,  Helena.   Montana,  U.S.A. 
56.   Signet   bibrary,    Edinburgh    (John     Minto.    Librarian),    per    <i.    P. 
Jolinstoii.  Bookseller.-.  S3(icorgc  Street.  Edinburgh. 



History  of  Clan   Macrae    -  i   to  425 

Addendum   I.  to      Do.       -  -         426 

Addendum    II.  to   Do.       -  -         429 

Errata                       Do.       -  430 

Index                           Do.       -  -         431 

Errata  to  Notes  and  Additions  -              -              -          512 

Index  to  Notes  and   Additions  -                             5I3"5I4 


The  Rev.  Alexander  Macrae,  M.A.  (The  Author) 

Facing  Title  Page. 
Macrae  Coat-of-Arms         -  -  -  Page  1. 

Ruins  of  Ellandonan  Castle            -             -             -  33 

Facsimile  Page  of  Fernaig  MS.      -                            -  90 

Sir  Colin  George  Macrae  (Inverinate)         -              -  121 
Major  John  MacRae-Gilstrap  of  Ballimore  (Con- 

chra)                            ....  158 

Colonel  Roderick  Macrae  (Torlysich)        -             -  207 

McCrea  Coat  of-Arms        ...             -  259 

Kilduich  Churchyard           ....  330 

Facsimile  of  Signatures  to  Bond  of  Friendship     -  342 

Colonel  J.  A.  Stewart-Mackenzie  of  Seaforth        -  373 

Map  of  Macrae  Country    -                                        -  430 

Alexander  Macrae,  M.A.  (Clan  Ian  Charrich)         -  470 


The  preparation  of  this  History  has  been  prompted 
by  a  desire  to  put  on  record,  before  it  is  too  late, 
the  fast  diminishing  oral  and  traditional  information 
with  which  it  is  still  possible,  in  some  degree,  to 
supplement  such  meagre  written  records  of  the  Clan 
Macrae  as  we  happen  to  possess,  and,  though  it 
probably  contains  little  which  can  be  of  interest  to 
the  general  reader,  yet  my  purpose  will  be  fulfilled, 
and  my  labour  amply  rewarded,  if  it  proves  of 
interest  to  the  members  and  connections  of  the 
Clan  itself. 

The  work  of  collecting  information  was  first 
begun  as  a  recreation  during  a  brief  visit  to  Kintail 
in  August,  1890,  when  I  had  the  good  fortune  to 
make  the  acquaintance  of  an  excellent  folk-lorist 
and  genealogist,  the  late  Mr  Alexander  Macmillan, 
Dornie,  from  whom  I  received  much  of  the  traditional 
and  oral  information  recorded  in  this  book.  By 
1893,  I  had  succeeded  in  collecting  sufficient  matter 
for  a  series  of  "  Notes  on  the  Clan  Macrae,"  which 
appeared  in  TJie  North  Star  at  intervals  between 
July,  1893,  and  June,  1896,  when  the  writing  of 
this  volume  was  commenced. 


The  difficulty  of  the  work  was  greatly  increased 
by  the  fact  that  it  was  possible  to  carry  it  on,  only 
at  long  intervals  during  occasional  periods  of  free- 
dom from  the  labours  of  an  exceptionally  busy  life. 
Another  great  disadvantage  was  the  fact  that  a 
large  part  of  the  information  received  from  the 
Country  of  the  Macraes  had  to  be  collected  by 
correspondence.  I  am,  therefore,  well  aware  that, 
though  the  greatest  care  has  been  taken  to  obtain 
correct  information,  and  to  verify  every  statement, 
yet  there  are  undoubtedly  many  blemishes  and 
defects  in  the  book  which  might  have  been  avoided 
if  the  work  had  been  of  a  more  continuous  nature, 
and  if  it  had  been  possible  for  me  to  have  direct  oral 
communication,  more  freely,  with  the  genealogists 
and  folk-lorists  of  the  Macrae  Country. 

The  genealogical  portion  of  the  book,  up  to  page 
224,  is  based  mainly  upon  the  MS.  History  of  the 
Clan,  written  by  the  Rev.  John  Macrae,  of  Ding- 
wall, about  two  hundred  years  ago,  including  the 
additions  made  to  it  by  various  transcribers  down  to 
about  the  year  1820.  In  the  case  of  several  families 
the  genealogy  is  continued  down  to  the  present  time, 
from  family  Bibles,  family  letters,  registers,  and 
other  sources  of  information,  and  where  there  are 
continuations  from  oral  sources  great  care  has  been 
taken  in  selecting  the  names  and  particulars  to  be 
included,  and  much  matter  has  been  left  out  because 
it  could  not  be  sufficiently  authenticated  and  con- 
firmed to  warrant  its  jDublication.  The  result  is  that 
a  great  many  families  are  incomplete,  but  there  are 
very  few  genealogies  of  which  this  cannot  be  said. 

In  any  case,  omissions  are  a  less  evil  than  mistakes, 
and  my  endeavour  throughout  the  book  has  been, 
as  far  as  possible,  to  be  correct  in  my  information, 
however  meagre  it  might  be. 

The  Roman  numerals  up  to  page  234  represent 
in  every  case  the  number  of  generations  from  Fionnla 
Dubli  Mac  Gillechriosd,  the  reputed  founder  of  the 
Clan  Macrae  of  Kintail,  and  it  is  hoped  that  the 
genealogical  portions  of  the  book  are  otherwise 
arranged  clearly  enough  to  be  easily  followed. 

A  controversy  has  recently  arisen  as  to  which 
family  contains  the  lineal  representation  of  Fionnla 
Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd.  Such  controversies  are  far 
from  uncommon  in  old  families,  even  when  for  many 
generations  they  have  possessed  estates  and  titles  to 
which  the  lineal  succession  has  always  been  recox*ded 
with  greater  care  than  was  ever  clone  in  the  case  of 
any  family  of  the  Macraes.  The  lineal  succession  of 
Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd  is  usually  held  to 
be  in  the  Inverinate  family,  and  that  is  the  opinion 
of  the  Kintail  genealogists  whom  I  have  had  the 
opportunity  of  consulting. 

At  the  same  time,  the  lineal  representation  of 
the  founder  of  the  Clan  is  claimed  by  two  other 
families.  The  Macraes  of  Conchra  claim,  on  the 
strength  of  family  traditions  and  old  family  letters, 
that  the  founder  of  their  branch  of  the  Clan,  the 
Rev.  John  Macrae  of  Dingwall  (page  142),  and  not 
Alexander  of  Inverinate  (page  69),  was  the  eldest 
son  of  the  Rev.  Farcpihar  Macrae  of  Kintail. 

The  Torlysich  family,  again,  claim  that  their 
progenitor,  Farquhar  (page  186),  was  the  eldest  son 


of  Christopher  (iv.),  Constable  of  Elian donan  (page 
24),  and  that  the  reason  why  John  of  Killin  refused 
to  give  Farquhar  the  post  of  Constable  (page  28) 
was,  that  the  appointment  of  the  eldest  son  to  a 
post  formerly  held  by  his  father  might  lead  the  Mac- 
raes to  regard  the  office  of  Constable  as  hereditary 
in  their  own  family,  and  that  they  might  thus 
become  inconveniently  powerful  for  the  Mackenzie 
family,  which  at  that  time  was  small  and  compar- 
atively unimportant. 

In  all  the  copies  of  the  Rev.  John  Macrae's  his- 
tory that  I  have  seen,  Duncan,  the  first  of  the  family 
who  settled  at  Inverinate  (page  30),  is  stated  to  have 
been  older  than  his  brother  Farquhar,  and  Alexander  ■ 
of  Inverinate  is  stated  to  have  Been  the  eldest  son 
of  the  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae  of  Kintail ;  ar.d  as  the 
Rev.  John  Macrae's  MS.  history  formed  the  chief 
written  authority  at  my  disposal,  I  have  felt  justified 
in  continuing  the  genealogy  of  the  Inverinate  family 
as  the  direct  lineal  representatives  of  Fionnla  Dubh 
Mac  Gillechriosd. 

It  might  seem  hardly  worth  while  recording 
some  of  the  lists  of  names  given,  without  dates  or 
any  other  particulars,  in  the  genealogical  portions  of 
the  book,  but  no  such  list  has  been  given  without 
satisfactory  reasons  for  believing  it  to  be  correct,  as 
far  as  it  goes.  Some  of  those  lists  will  probably  be 
recognised,  as  their  own  families,  by  readers  in  the 
Colonies  and  also  in  the  United  States,  where  the 
descendants  of  Macrae  emigrants  from  Kintail  are 
both  numerous  and  prosperous,  and  the  interest 
taken  by  some  of  them  in  the  preparation  of  this 

book  shows  that  they  have  not  yet  lost  the  traditions 
of  their  Clan  or  forgotten  the  home  of  their  fathers. 

It  is  hoped  the  Appendices  will  add  somewhat 
to  the  interest  of  the  book.  Very  much  more  might 
have  been  written  about  Kintail  did  space  permit, 
and  for  the  same  reason  the  collection  of  poetry  is 
much  smaller  than  was  originally  intended.  The 
Royal  descents  in  Appendix  F  are  given  on  the 
authority  of  Burke's  genealogical  publications,  and 
various  Mackenzie  genealogies.  It  has  not  been 
found  possible  to  identity  all  the  place  names  in 
Appendices  II  and  M,  probably  because  of  the  way 
they  are  spelled,  but  though  the  spelling  of  the 
original  documents  has  been  in  almost  every  case 
retained,  most  of  the  names  will  be  easily  recognised. 

It  is  needless  to  say  that  this  book  could  not  have 
been  written  without  the  help  of  many  generous 
friends,  some  of  whom  are  no  longer  within  reach  of 
this  expression  of  my  gratitude — among  them  Sir 
William  Alexander  Mackinnon,  K.C.B.,  Captain 
Archibald  Macra  Chisholm,  Mr  Alexander  Mackenzie, 
the  Clan  Historian,  and  Mr  Alexander  Matheson, 
shipowner,  Dornie,  one  of  the  best  read  and  most 
intelligent  of  Highland  seannachies,  whose  acquaint- 
ance it  was  my  misfortune  not  to  have  made  until  only 
a  few  weeks  before  his  death,  which  occurred  on  the 
14th  of  October,  1897.  In  addition  to  the  help 
acknowledged  from  time  to  time  throughout  the  book, 
I  am  specially  indebted  to  Mrs  Mackenzie  of  Abbots- 
ford  Park,  Edinburgh  (now  of  Portobello),  for  much 
information  and  help,  and  for  many  interesting  recol- 
lections of  more  than  one  Kintail  family ;    to  Mrs 


Alister  MacLellan  (of  Ardintoul) ;  to  Mrs  Farquhar 
Finlayson, Rothesay ;  to  Major  John  MacRae-Gilstrap 
of  Ballimore,  who  was  one  of  the  first  to  take  an 
interest  in  this  work,  and  who,  in  addition  to  old 
family  papers,  placed  also  at  my  disposal  a  large 
quantity  of  material  collected  at  his  own  expense  in 
the  Register  House,  Edinburgh  ;  to  Sir  James  Dixon 
Mackenzie  of  Findon,  Bart.,  for  the  use  of  old  and 
interesting  documents  in  his  possession  ;  to  Mr 
William  Mackay  of  Craigmonie,  Inverness,  for  much 
help,  given  on  many  occasions,  with  a  readiness  and 
kindness,  which  to  me  will  always  form  a  pleasant 
recollection ;  to  Mr  Horatio  Ross  Macrae  of  Clunes 
for  the  fac-simile  of  signatures  to  theMacrae-Campbell 
Bond  of  Friendship,  as  well  as  for  the  use  of  docu- 
ments bearing  on  the  history  of  the  Inverinate 
family;  to  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae,  B.D.,  minister 
of  Lairg,  for  much  help  and  many  valuable  sug- 
gestions;  to  Professor  Donald  Mackinnon,  M.A., 
Edinburgh,  for  information  about  the  Fernaig  MS., 
and  for  valuable  suggestions  about  the  extracts  from 
it  in  Appendix  J ;  to  Mr  Charles  Fraser-Mackintosh, 
LL.D.,  of  Drummond,  for  the  Kintail  Rent  Roll  of 
1756  in  Appendix  H ;  to  Mr  John  H.  Dixon  of 
Inveran  for  Appendix  K ;  to  Mr  P.  J.  Anderson, 
librarian  of  Aberdeen  University,  for  Appendix  L ; 
to  Mr  Alexander  Macbain,  M.A.,  Inverness,  for  the 
fac-simile  page  of  the  Fernaig  MS.;  to  Mr  Farquhar 
Macrae,  Dornie  ;  to  Dr  Donald  Macrae,  Beckenham  ; 
to  Major  Frederick  Bradford  McCrea,  London ;  to 
Lieutenant-Colonel  J.  H.  Carteret  Carey  of  Castle 
Carey,  Guernsey  ;  to  Mr  Farquhar  Matheson,  Dornie, 

who  prepared  the  map,  which  is  interesting  as 
recording  some  old  Kintail  place-names  now  no 
longer  in  use ;  to  my  brother,  Mr  John  Macrae, 
for  help  in  the  transcription  of  old  documents  ;  to 
my  mother  for  help  in  the  translations  given  in 
Appendix  J  ;  and  to  the  publisher,  Mr  A.  M.  Ross, 
and  his  foreman,  Mr  John  Gray,  not  only  for  putting 
up  with  inconveniences  and  delays  caused  by  the 
fact  that,  in  almost  every  case,  the  proofs  were  sent 
for  revision  to  some  members  of  the  families  whose 
histories  are  here  recorded,  but  more  especially  for 
the  never-failing  courtesy  and  kindness  which  have 
made  the  passing  of  the  book  through  the  press  a 
work  of  interest  and  pleasure. 


Wandsworth  Common,  London, 
15th  March,  1S99. 



Tin*  Hadtre    of  the    Miin-.ies   was    tin.'   Fir    C'lul.Moss  (Li/cr/ioili. 
iielie  —  G;n-l>li:t.r  ;m  t-slt*ibh. 



Country  of  the  Macraes. — Meaning  and  Probable  Origin  of  the 
Name. —  Its  First  Appearance  as  a  Surname. —  Traditional 
Origin  of  the  Clan  Macrae. —  Macraes  in  the  Districts  of 
Chines  and  Glenurquhart. — Migration  to  Kintail. — Campbells 
of  Craignish  said  to  be  of  Macrae  Origin. — The  Connection 
of.  the  Macraes  with  the  House  of  Kintail. — Also  with  the 
House  of  Gairloch.  —  The  Macraes  were  Episcopalians  and 
Jacobites. — Macraes  in  the  Seaforth  Regiments. — The  Rev. 
John  Macrae's  MS.  History  of  the  Clan. 

The  Macraes  were  a  small  but  important  clan  in  the 
district  of  Kintail,  in  the  south-west  of  the  county 
of  Ross,  where  they  are  said  to  have  settled  in  the 
fourteenth  century,  under  the  chieftainship  of  the 
Barons  Mackenzie  of  Kintail. 

According  to  the  most  competent  authorities, 
the  name  Macrae  or  Macrath,  as  it  is  written  in 
Gaelic,  means  "  son  of  Grace  or  Luck,"  ]  and,  so  far 
as  at  present  known,  it  occurs  first  in  The  Annals  of 
the  Kingdom  of  Ireland  by  the  Four  Masters,  under 

1  Macbain's  Gaelic  Dictionary. 


the  year  of  our  Lord  448,  a  certain  "  Macraith  ]  the 
Wise  "  being  mentioned  in  that  year  as  a  member  of 
the  household  of  St  Patrick.  "We  meet  with  it 
occasionally  in  Ireland  from  that  date  onwards,  and 
in  the  eleventh  and  twelfth  centuries  it  was  fre- 
quently used  in  that  country  as  the  personal  name 
of  lords,  poets,  and  more  especially  ecclesiastics. 
The  name  first  appears  in  Scotland  at  a  some- 
y  what  later  date.  In  a  Gaelic  manuscript  of  the 
eleventh  century,  called  The  Prophecy  of  Saint 
Berchan,  we  find  the  term  Macrath  applied  to  one  of 
the  successors  of  Kenneth  Macalpin, — King  Gregory 
who  reigned  at  Scone  during  the  last  quarter  of  the  j 
ninth  century,  and  was  one  of  the  greatest  of  the 
early  Scottish  Kings.  This  seems  to  be  the  first 
instance  of  the  name  Macrae  or  Macrath  in  Scotland. 
Gregory  the  Macrath  was  not  only  prosperous  in 
worldly  affairs  and  in  his  wars  against  his  enemies, 
but  was  also  a  sincere  supporter  and  benefactor  of 
the  Scottish  Church,  which  he  delivered  from  the 
oppression  of  the  Picts,  and  favoured  with  his 
support  and  protection.2  Considering  the  meaning 
of  the  name,  and  the  connection  in  which  it  first 
appears  both  in  Ireland  and  in  Scotland,  it  is  not 
unreasonable  to  suppose  that  it  may  have  been  first 
given  as  a  distinguishing  personal  name  to  men  who 
were  supposed  to  be  endowed  with  more  than  an 
ordinary  measure  of  sanctity  and  grace.  The  name 
Macrae  had  thus  in  all  probability  an  ecclesiastical 

l  Raith  in  Macraith  is  the  old  genitive  form  of  Rath. 
*  Appendix  B, 


In  a  genealogy  of  the  Mackenzies  contained  in 
The  Black  Book  of  Clanranald,  we  find  it  stated 
that  Gilleoin  of  the  Aird,  from  whom  the  old  Earls 
Gillanders  of  Ross  and  the  Mackenzies  of  Kintail  are 
traced,  was  the  son  of  Macrath  (McRrath).1  Supposing 
the  genealogy  to  be  correct,  this  Macrath  would  have 
lived  not  earlier  than  the  tenth  century.  By  that 
time  Christianity  was  fairly  established  in  the  High- 
lands of  Scotland,  and  as  the  name  Gilleoin  means 
the  servant  of  St  John,  it  is  not  at  all  unlikely  that 
Macrath  also  may  have  been  so  named  from  some 
family  connection  with  the  early  Church  in  the 

The  name  Macrae  (McRaa)  occurs  also  in  The  Dean 
of  Lismore's  Book  under  circumstances  which  might 
well  have  entitled  the  bearer  of  it  to  be  called,  if 
not  a  son  of  grace,  at  all  events  a  son  of  luck.3 

In  those  times  there  were  no  family  or  hereditary 
surnames  in  this  country.  Family  surnames  ap- 
pear in  England  about  the  twelfth  century,  but  it 
was  not  until  much  later  that  they  became  common 
in  the  Highlands  of  Scotland.  For  instance,  the  sur- 
name Mackenzie,  which  is  a  comparatively  old  one, 
arose  in  the  early  part  of  the  fourteenth  century. 
The  use  of  Macrae  as  a  surname  is  probably  of  an 
earlier  date  than  the  surname  Mackenzie,  and  that 

l  Reliquiae  Celticae,  Vol.  II.,  page  300. 
2  In  "a  Gaelic  MS.  of  1450,  containing  genealogies  of  several  Highland 
families,  and  published  with  an  English  translation  in  The  Transactions  of  the 
Iona  Club,  an  ancestor  of  the  Macleans  is  also  mentioued  a«  Gilleoin,  son  of 
Macrath  (Gilleain  uic  Icrait).  This  helps  to  confirm  the  tradition  mentioned 
below,  that  the  Macraes,  Mackenzies,  and  Macleans  were  of  the  same  ancestry, 
but  it  is  not  easy  to  make  anything  satisfactory  out  of  those  old  genealogies. 
3  Appendix  B, 


it  grew  in  the  first  instance  out  of  a  personal  name 
is  evident  from  the  fact  that  in  Gaelic  the  Macraes 
are  always  spoken  of  as  "  Clann  Mhicrath,"  that  is 
the  "  descendants  of  Macrath." 

So  far  as  at  present  known,  the  name  Macrae  is 
first  mentioned  as  a  surname  in  the  year  1386,  in  an 
agreement  made,  at  Inverness,  between  the  Bishop 
of  Moray  and  Alexander  Stewart,  Earl  of  Buchan, 
better  known  as  the  Wolf  of  Badenoch,  with  regard 
to  some  land  in  Rothiemurclms,  in  Inverness-shire, 
which  was  formerly  occupied  by  a  certain  Cristinus 
M'Crath  (Christopher  Macrae),  who  was  then  dead.1 
From  that  date  onwards  the  name  is  frequently  met 
with  as  a  surname  in  various  parts  of  Scotland,  not 
only  in  the  Highlands,  but  also  in  Ayrshire  and  in 
the  south  of  Perthshire. 

Tradition  relates  that  the  Macraes  came  originally 
from  Ireland,  and  were  of  common  ancestry  with  the 
Mackenzies  and  the  Macleans,  and  it  is  said  that  a 
company  of  them  fought  at  the  battle  of  Largs  in 
1263,  under  the  leadership  of  Colin  Fitzgerald,  the 
reputed  progenitor  of  the  Mackenzies  of  Kintail. 
The  Fitzgerald  origin  of  the  Mackenzies  is  now 
discredited  by  Scotch  historians ;  but,  whatever 
their  origin  may  have  been,  it  is  extremely  probable 
that  the  Macraes  were  in  some  way  connected  with 
the  same  stock,  as  a  strong  friendship  and  alliance 
existed  between  the  two  clans  from  early  traditional 
times,  and  continued  without  intermission  so  long  as 
the  Mackenzies  held  the  ancestral  lands  of  Kintail. 
The  Macraes  who  settled  in  Kintail  are  said  to  have 

IRcrjislrum  Episcoputus  Moraricnsis  (Bannatyne  Club),  page  196. 


lived  originally  at  Clunes,  on  the  Lordship  of  Lovat, 
near  the  southern  shore  of  the  Beauly  Firth,  where 
the  site  on  which  stood  the  house  of  their  chief  is 
still  pointed  out.1  So  far  as  the  date  to  which  these 
traditions  refer  can  be  fixed,  this  would  be  about  the 
middle  of  the  thirteenth  century.  It  is  also  said 
that  the  name  was  known  in  Glenurquhart"  in  the 
twelfth  century,  which  is  an  earlier  date  than  can 
well  be  assigned  to  any  traditions  that  have  come 
down  to  us  with  regard  to  the  settlement  at  Clunes, 
but  there  appear  to  be  no  existing  traditions  con- 
necting the  origin  of  the  Macraes  of  Kintail  with 
the  district  of  Glenurqnhart.  There  are,  however, 
many  traditions  connecting  them  with  the  district 
of  Clunes,  and  explaining  the  cause  of  the  migration 
to  Kintail.3 

According  to  the  Rev.  John  Macrae,  the  most  ■ 
probable  cause  of  the  migration  of  the  Macraes  to 
Kintail,  or,  at  all  events,  of  that  branch  of  them 
which  afterwards  became  the  most  important,  was 
that,  though  they  do  not  appear  to  have  been  very 
numerous,  they  were  becoming  too  crowded  in  the 
old  home  at  Clunes.  At  the  same  time  Lovat's  own 
kindred  and  friends  were  becoming  so  numerous 
that  the  country  could  not  accommodate  them  all, 

IThe  site  of  Macrae's  house  (Larach  tigh  Mhicrath)  is  on  the  southern 
slope  of  the  Hill  of  Clunes,  and  is  marked  by  a  number  of  large  BtoneS,  which 

are  supposed  to  have  formed  the  foundations  of  the  house.  Tradition  says 
that  the  house  was  originally  built  in  the  course  of  one  night  by  supernatural 
agencies,  and  the  place  has  always  been  regarded  as  a  favourite  haunt  of  the 

2  Mackay's  Urquhart  and  Gleumoriston,  p.   12  ;  and  also  the  Rev.  John 
Macrae's  Account  of  the  Origin  of  the  Macraes,  Appendix  A. 

3  See  chapter  on  legends  and  traditions  of  the  clan,  and  Appendix  A. 


and  this  was  an  additional  reason  for  the  Macraes 
to  move  to  other  places,  as  favourable  opportunities 
arose.  Three  of  the  sons  of  Macrae  of  Clunes  are 
said  to  have  left  home  in  this  way,  but  the  old  man 
himself  remained  in  Clunes  all  his  days,  enjoying 
the  esteem  and  confidence  of  the  Lords  of  Lovat, 
four  of  whom  were  fostered  in  his  house.  Of  these 
three  brothers,  one  settled  at  Brahan,  near  Dingwall/ 
where  there  was  a  piece  of  land  in  the  time  of  the 
Bev.  John  Macrae,  called  Cnoc  Mhicrath  (Macrae's 
Hill),  and  the  well  which  supplied  Brahan  Castle 
with  water  at  that  time  was  called  Tobair  Mhicrath 
(Macrae's  Well).  The  descendants  of  this  man  were 
then  to  be  found  in  Strathgarve,  Strathbran, 
Strathconon,  A.rdmeanach,  and  one  of  them,  John 
Macrae,  was  at  that  time  a  merchant  at  Inverness. 

Another  son  went  to  Argyleshire,  where  he 
married  the  heiress  of  Craignish.  His  successors  after- 
wards adopted  the  name  Campbell,  and  maintained  a 
friendly  intercourse  with  the  Macraes  of  Kintail  for 
many  generations.  A  contract  of  friendship,  drawn 
up  between  the  Campbells  of  Craignish  and  the 
Macraes  of  Kintail  about  two  hundred  years  ago, 
has  been  kept  in  the  family  of  Macrae  of  Inverinate 
ever  since,  and  is  now  in  the  possession  of  Horatio 
Ross  Macrae,  Esq.  of  Clunes.1 

Another  of  the  sons  of  Macrae  of  Clunes  is  said 
to  have  gone  to  Kintail.  This  was  probably  during 
the  first  half  of  the  fourteenth  century,  before  the 
family  of  Mackenzie  was  very  firmly  established 
there.     He  might  have  been  attracted  to  Kintail, 

^Appendix  C. 


perhaps  by  family  connections,  but  quite  as  likely 
by  the  fact  that,  as  the  Chief  of  Kintail  was  still 
struggling  to  establish  his  family  there,  the  circum- 
stances of  the  country  might  afford  opportunities  of 
distinction  and  advancement  for  a  man  of  enterprise. 
It  is  a  singular  fact  that  each  of  the  first  five  Barons 
of  Kintail  had  only  one  lawful  son  to  succeed  him. 
Mackenzie  being  thus  without  any  male  kindred  of 
his  own   blood,  earnestly  urged  Macrae  to  remain 
with  him   in  Kintail.     Mackenzie's  proposals  were 
/  accepted,  and  Macrae  settled  in  Kintail,  where  he 
married  one  Macbeolan  or  Gillanders,  a  kinswoman 
of  the  Earls  of  Ross,  by  whom  Kintail    was   held 
before  it  came  into  the  possession  of  the  Mackenzies. 
As  the  Macraes  and  Mackenzies  were  said  to  be  of 
common    ancestry,  the    Baron  of  Kintail    expected 
loyal  and  faithful  support  from  his   newly  arrived 
kinsman,  and  he  was  not  disappointed.     The  Macraes 
were    ever   foremost  in  the  cause    of  the  chiefs  of 
Kintail,  and   by  their  prowess  in  battle,  their  in- 
dustry in  the  arts  of  peace,  and  in  many  instances 
by  their  scholarly  culture  and  refinement,  they  were 
mainly  instrumental  in  raising  the  Barony  of  Kintail, 
afterwards  the  Earldom  of  Seaforth,  to  the  important 
position  it  occupies  in  the  annals  of  Scottish  history. 
There  do  not  appear  to  have  been  any  Macraes 
settled  in  Kintail  as  landholders  before  this,  but  it 
is  more    than  probable    that  several    of  them   had 
already  been  in  the  service  of  Mackenzie.     It  is  said 
that  Ellandonan  Castle  was  garrisoned  by  Macraes 
and    Maclennans    during   the    latter    part    of  the 
thirteenth  century,  when  it  was  first  taken  possession 


of  by  Kenneth,  the  founder  of  the  House  of  Kintail.1 
The  newly  arrived  Macrae  of  Clunes,  however,  took 
precedence  of  the  others,  and  he  and  his  family 
gradually  assumed  a  position  of  great  importance  in 
the  affairs  of  Kintail.  So  loyal  were  the  Macraes 
in  the  service  of  Kintail  that  they  became  known  as 
Mackenzie's  "shirt  of  mail."  This  term  was  generally 
applied  to  the  chosen  body  who  attended  a  chief  in 
war  and  fought  around  him.  It  would  thus  appear 
that  the  bodyguard  of  the  Barons  of  Kintail  was 
usually  composed  of  Macraes.  But  in  addition  to 
the  important  services  they  rendered  as  mere 
retainers  of  the  House  of  Kintail,  the  Macraes  were 
for  many  generations  Chamberlains  of  Kintail,  Con- 
stables of  Ellandonan  Castle,  and  sometimes  Vicars 
of  Kintail,  so  that  the  leading  members  of  the  Clan 
may  be  said  to  have  taken,  from  time  to  time,  a 
much  more  prominent  part  in  the  affairs  of  Kintail 
than  the  Barons  themselves  did.  This  continued  to 
be  the  case  until  Kintail  passed  out  of  the  possession 
of  the  Mackenzies  in  the  early  part  of  the  present 

It  was  always  the  privilege  of  the  Macraes  to 
bear  the  dead  bodies  of  the  Barons  of  Kintail  to 
burial.  At  the  funeral,  in  1862,  of  the  Honourable 
Mrs  Stewart  Mackenzie,  daughter  and  representa- 
tive of  the  last  Lord  Seaforth,  the  coffin  was 
borne  out  of  Brahan  Castle  by  Macraes  only. 2  The 
scene    was    not    without    a    pathetic    and    historic 

lAppendix  E. 
2  On   this  occasion   the  coffin  was  first  lifted  by  Donald  John  Macrae  of 
Inversheil,    Donald    Macrae   of    Achnagart,   Peter   Macrae   of    Morvich,   and 
Ewen  Macrae  of  Leachachan. 


interest.  This  lady  was  the  last  of  Seaforth's  race, 
who  was  a  Mackenzie  by  birth,  and  it  is  a  remark- 
able fact  that  at  the  funeral,  in  1881,  of  her  son, 
Colonel  Keith  William  Stewart  Mackenzie,  in  whose 
case  the  name  Mackenzie  was  only  an  adopted 
one,  the  Macraes,  although  they  claimed  their  old 
privilege,  did  not  muster  a  sufficient  number  to 
bear  the  coffin,  and  the  vacant  places  had  to  be 
supplied  by  the  Brahan  tenantry.  With  the  funeral 
of  Mrs  Stewart  Mackenzie,  then,  may  be  said  to 
have  ended  for  ever  the  intimate  and  loyal  con- 
nection which  existed  for  five  centuries  between 
the  Macraes  and  the  house  of  Kintail  and  Seaforth. 

But  the  loyal  and  valiant  support  which  the 
Macraes  gave  the  Mackenzies  was  not  limited  to 
the  house  of  Kintail.  They  were  mainly  instru- 
mental also  in  establishing  the  family  of  Gairloch. 
About  1480  Allan  Macleod,  laird  of  Gairloch,  with 
his  two  young  sons,  was  barbarously  murdered  by 
his  own  two  brothers.  His  wife  was  a  daughter 
of  Alexander  Ionraic  (Alexander  the  Just),  sixth 
Baron  of  Kintail,  who  died  about  1490,  and  sister 
of  Hector  Roy  Mackenzie,  a  younger  son,  who 
became  progenitor  of  the  lairds  of  Gairloch.  Hector 
Roy  took  up  the  cause  of  his  sister,  and  obtained 
from  the  King  a  commission  of  fire  and  sword  for 
the  destruction  of  the  Macleods  of  Gairloch.  In 
this  task,  which  proved  by  no  means  easy,  Hector 
received  his  main  support  from  the  Macraes,  one 
of  whom  had  meanwhile  encountered  the  two 
murderers  and  killed  them  both  single-handed  in 
fair  fight  at  a  spot  in  Gairloch,  which  is  still  pointed 


out.1  In  1494  Hector  Roy  received  a  grant  of 
Gairloch  by  charter  from  the  Crown,  but  it  was 
not  until  the  time  of  his  grandson,  John  Roy 
(1566-1628)  that  the  Macleods  were  finally  ex- 
pelled, and  the  supremacy  of  the  Mackenzies  fully 

It  was  in  Gairloch  that  the  Mackenzies  obtained 
their  first  important  footing  outside  of  Kintail.  At 
that  time  they  were  only  a  small  clan,  and  the 
struggle  which  led  to  the  conquest  of  Gairloch 
taxed  all  their  strength,  and  was  both  fierce  and 
prolonged.  Hence  the  great  number  of  legends  and 
traditions  connected  with  it.  After  the  conquest  of 
Gairloch  their  power  and  influence  rapidly  increased, 
and  the  other  lands  which  they  afterwards  held 
in  the  counties  of  Ross  and  Cromarty  came  into 
their  possession  by  easier  and  more  peaceful  means. 
Consequently  there  are  no  such  stirring  traditions 
in  connection  with  the  acquisition  of  those  other 
lands  as  we  find  in  the  case  of  Gairloch,  but 
wherever  the  Mackenzies  settled  some  Macraes 
accompanied  them,  and  some  of  the  descendants 
of  these  Macraes  are  still  to  be  found  on  all  the 
old  Mackenzie  estates.  It  is  in  Gairloch,  however, 
next  to  Kintail  and  Lochalsh,  that  we  find  the 
best  and  most  interesting  Macrae  traditions  and 
legends,  and  it  may  be  mentioned  that  one  of  the 
Gairloch  Macraes,  called  Domhnull  Odhar2  (Sallow 
Donald),  who  was  a  contemporary  of  John  Roy,  is 
represented  as  the  crest  of  the  Gairloch  coat-of-arms. 
The  Macraes  were  also  very  renowned  archers,  and 

1  J.  H.  Dixon's  Gairloch,  p.  26.      2  Appendix  K. 


the  scene  and  range  of  some  of  their  famous  shots 
are  still  pointed  out,  both  in  Gairloch  and  Kintail.1 

During  the  long  period  of  religious  and  civil 
warfare  which  preceded  and  followed  the  Revolu- 
tion of  1688,  the  Macraes  supported  the  Episcopal 
Church  and  the  House  of  Stuart,  and  as  a  result 
they  suffered  much,  not  only  in  property,  but  also 
in  life  and  limb.  In  the  Rising  of  1715  a  great 
many  of  them*  fell  at  the  battle  af  Sheriffmuir, 
and  tradition  relates,  as  a  proof  of  the  loss  they 
then  sustained,  that  in  the  parish  of  Kintail  alone 
fifty-eight  women  were  made  widows  on  that  fatal 
day.  In  1745,  notwithstanding  the  fact  that  Seaforth2 
remained  loyal  to  the  House  of  Hanover,  a  number 
of  young  and  resolute  Macraes  left  Kintail  to  join 
the  army  of  Prince  Charles,  and  it  is  said  that 
many  more  would  have  followed  if  they  had  not 
been  restrained  by  force.  Of  those  who  went  no 
one  ever  again  returned,  and  thus  ended  for  ever 
their  connection  as  a  Clan  with  the  fortunes  of 
the  ancient  Scottish  House  of  Stuart. 

During  the  closing  decades  of  the  last  century, 
when  the  Highland  regiments  were  raised,  the 
Macraes  entered  loyally  and  readily  into  the  mili- 
tary service  of  their  country.  Two  regiments  (in 
all  four  battalions)  of  Highlanders  were  raised  on 

1  Appendix  K. 
2  William,  5th  Earl  of  Seaforth,  having  joined  the  Rising  of  1715,  his 
estates  were  forfeited,  and  his  title  passed  under  attainder.  The  estates  were 
bought  from  the  Crown  in  1741  for  the  bene6t  of  his  son,  Kenneth,  who  was 
known  by  the  courtesy  title  of  Lord  Fortrose,  which  was  the  subordinate  title 
of  the  Earls  of  Seaforth.  Lord  Fortroso  was  the  "  Seaforth  "  of  the  time  of 
Prince  Charles,  but,  notwithstanding  his  well-known  Jacobite  sympathies,  he 
considered  it  more  prudent  to  remain  loyal  to  the  House  of  Hanover. 


the  Seaforth  estates  between  1778  and  1804,1  and 
the  Macraes  were  numerous  in  both.  Many  of  them 
served  also  as  officers,  and  frequently  with  distinction, 
in  other  Highland  regiments,  and  during  the  Indian 
wars  of  that  period,  and  the  great  European  wars 
which  followed  the  French  Revolution,  the  Macraes, 
like  so  many  of  the  other  Highland  Clans,  added  their 
full  share  of  lustre  to  the  honour  of  British  Arms. 

The  chief  written  authority  for  the  early  history 
of  the  Macraes  is  the  MS.  genealogy  of  the  Clan, 
which  was  written  towards  the  close  of  the  seven- 
teenth century  by  the  last  Episcopalian  minister 
of  Dingwall,  the  Rev.  John  Macrae,  who  died  in 
1704.  The  original  MS.,  which  appears  to  be  now 
lost,  is  believed,  without  any  apparent  evidence, 
however,  to  have  been  at  one  time  in  the  posses- 
sion of  the  late  Dr  W.  F.  Skene.  A  copy  of 
it,  with  additions,  was  made  by  Farquhar  Mac- 
rae of  Inverinate  in  1786.  This  transcript  copy 
appears  to  have  been  taken  to  India  by  Farquhar's 
son,  Surgeon  John  Macrae,  where  a  copy  of  it, 
which  is  now  in  the  possession  of  Captain  John 
MacRae  Gilstrap  of  Ballimore,  was  made  by  Colonel 
Sir  John  Macra  of  Ardintoul  about  1816.  Several 
copies  of  Sir  John's  transcript  appear  to  have  been 
made  from  time  to  time  in  Kintail  and  Lochalsh, 
and  are  still  occasionally  met  with.  A  copy  of  it 
was  printed  at  Camden,  South  Carolina,  in  1874  ; 
and  another  copy,  which  belonged  to  the  late  Miss 
Flora  Macra  of  Ardintoul,  was  published  in  The 
Scottish  Highlander-  in  1887.     The   additions  made 

1  Appendix  D. 


by  Farquhar  of  Inverinate  appear  to  have  been 
limited  to  his  own  family,  and  there  is  some  reason 
to  believe  that  the  valuable  additions  now  found  in 
some  copies  of  this  MS.,  with  regard  to  other 
families,  were  made  by  one  of  the  Ardintoul  family. 
At  all  events,  Archibald  of  Ardintoul  says,  in  a 
letter  written  in  1817  to  his  son,  Sir  John,  then 
in  India,  that  he  will  endeavour  to  add  to  the 
genealogy  down  to  his  own  day.  The  oldest  copy 
now  known  to  exist  is  in  the  possession  of  Horatio 
Ross  Macrae,  Esq.  of  Chines,  and  bears  on  the  fly- 
leaf of  it  the  date  1760,  but  this  is  probably  the 
transcript  which  was  made  by  Farquhar  of  Inver- 
inate, and  which,  though  said  to  have  been  finished 
only  in  1786,  may  have  been  commenced  much 
earlier.  It  is  certainly  not  the  original  copy.  The 
style  of  the  MS.,  though  somewhat  quaint,  is  clear 
and  forcible,  showing  considerable  literary  power 
and  a  perfect  mastery  of  the  English  language,  and 
there  is  about  it  a  sobriety  of  tone  which  gives  an 
impression  that  the  writer  was  thoroughly  ac- 
quainted with  his  facts,  and  that  his  statements 
may  be  accepted  with  confidence. 



I.  Fiormla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd. — His  Family. — II.  Christopher 
and  His  Family. — Donnacha  Mor  na  Tuagh.— Battles  of  Park, 
Bealach  Glasleathaid,  and  Druim  a  Chait. — III.  Finlay — 
Supports  John  of  Killin  against  Hector  Roy. — Finlay's  son 
made  Constable  of  Ellandonan  Castle. — Ian  Mor  nan  Cas. — 

•  Miles,  son  of  Finlay,  killed  at  Kinlochewe. — IV.  Christopher, 
Constable  of  Ellandonan. — His  Family. — Alister  Dubh  Chis- 
holm. — The  Macraes  of  Strathglass. — V.  Duncan  Mac  Gille- 
chriosd.— Donald  Gorm  Macdonald  of  Sleat  besieges  Ellandonan 
Castle,  and  is  killed. — Duncan  goes  to  the  Lovat  Country. — • 
Returns  to  Kintail  and  Settles  at  Inverinate. — Duncan's 
Family. — General  Monk  in  Kintail. 


According  to  the  Rev.  John  Macrae,  the  founder  of 
the  Clan  Macrae  of  Kintail  was  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac 
Gillechriosd  (Black  Finlay,  the  son  of  Christopher),  ^ 
who  was  removed  by  two  or  three  generations  from 
the  man  who  came  from  Clunes.  Finlay  Dubh  was 
a  contemporary  of  Murdo  Mackenzie,  fifth  chief  of 
Kintail,  who  died  in  1416,  leaving  an  only  child  to 
succeed  him.  This  child's  name  was  Alexander,  and 
is  known  as  Alister  Ionraic  (Alexander  the  Upright). 
Alexander  being  a  minor  at  the  time  of  his  father's 
death,  was  sent  as  a  ward  of  the  King  to  the  High 


School  in  Perth,  probably  after  the  Parliament  which 
was  held  at  Inverness  by  James  I.  in  1427.  During 
his  absence  at  school,  the  Constable  of  Ellandonan 
Castle,  whose  name  was  Macaulay,  appears  to  have 
been  left  in  charge  of  affairs,  but  through  the 
misconduct  and  oppression  of  certain  illegitimate 
relatives  of  the  young  chief,  serious  troubles  arose 
in  Kintail.  The  Constable's  position  becoming  now 
somewhat  difficult,  he  became  anxious  for  the  return 
of  his  young  master,  and  as  he  was  himself  unable 
to  leave  his  post  he  proposed  Finlay  Dubh  as  the 
most  suitable  person  to  go  to  Perth  to  bring  the 
young  chief  home,  "  who  was  then  there  with  the 
rest  of  the  King's  ward  children."  This  choice  was 
approved  by  the  people.  Finlay  accordingly  went 
to  Perth,  and  prevailed  upon  Alexander  to  escape 
from  school  without  the  consent  or  knowledge  of  the 
master.  To  avoid  pursuit  they  went  to  Macdougal 
of  Lorn  instead  of  going  straight  home.  Macdougal 
received  them  kindly,  and  Alexander  made  the 
acquaintance  of  his  daughter,  and  afterwards  married 
her.  In  due  time  they  arrived  in  Kintail,  and  by 
Finlay's  counsel  and  help,  the  oppressors  of  the 
people  were  soon  brought  under  subjection,  and 
order  established  throughout  Mackenzie's  land.  The 
good  counsel  and  judicious  guidance  of  Finlay  Dubh 
was  not  lost  upon  Alexander,  who  became  a  good, 
just,  and  prosperous  ruler,  and  greatly  increased  the 
power  and  the  influence  of  the  House  of  Kintail. 
Finlay  Dubh  had  two  sons— 

1.  Christopher,  of  whom  below. 

2.  John,  who  was   educated  at  Beauly  Priory, 


took  holy  orders,  and  became  priest  of  Kintail,1  in 
Sutherlandshire.  He  married,  as  priests  in  the 
Highlands  often  did  in  those  days,  and  had  a 
daughter  Margaret,  who  was  lady-in-waiting  to 
the  Countess  of  Sutherland,  and  who  appears  to 
have  married  John  Gordon  of  Drummoy,  son  of 
Adam  Gordon,  Dean  of  Caithness,  son  of  Alexander, 
1st  Earl  of  Huntly.2  From  this  marriage  descended 
the  Gordons  of  Embo,  and  for  that  reason  we  are 
told  that  "  there  was  of  old  great  friendship  and 
correspondence  betwixt  the  Gordons  of  Sutherland, 
come  of  this  family,  and  the  Macraes  of  Kintail." 

II.  CHKLSTOPHER,  eldest  son  of  Finlay  Dubh, 
of  whom  very  little  is  known,  had  four  sons — 

1.  Finlay,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Donald,  whose  descendants  lived  at  Fortrose, 
where  one  of  them,  Alexander  Macrae,  was  a  well- 
known  writer  whose  name  appears  frequently  in 
legal  documents  from  1629  to  1673. 

3.  Duncan,  who  was  the  most  noted  of  Chris- 
topher's sons,  is  known  in  the  traditions  of  Kintail 
as  Donnacha  Mor  na  Tuagh  (Big  Duncan  of  the 
Battle-axe).  He  was  a  man  of  great  valour  and 
personal  strength,  and  many  legends  have  been 
preserved  of  the  brave  deeds  he  performed  in  the 

1  Kintail  was  the  old  name  of  a  district  iu  the  north- west  of  Sutherland- 
shire, which  was  divided,  about  the  middle  of  the  last  century,  into  the 
parishes  of  Tongue  and  Durness.  The  name  Kintail — Gaelic,  CintaiUe,  or 
Ceanntaile — is  said  to  mean  the  head  of  the  two  seas — a  description  which 
applies  to  the  Sutherland  Kintail  as  well  as  to  the  Ross-shire  one. 

2  Reference  is  made  at  some  length  to  this  Margaret  in  The  Earls  of 
Sutherland  by  Sir  Robert  Gordon,  who  speaks  of  her  in  the  highest  terms. 
The  Rev.  John  Macrae's  account  of  the  marriage  does  not  agree  with  Sir 
Robert's  in  every  point,  but  there  is  no  doubt  that  Margaret  was  related 
to  the  Macraes  of  Kintail. 


contests  of  the  Mackenzies  and  the  Macraes  with 
their  common  enemies.  He  greatly  distinguished 
himself  with  his  battle-axe  at  the  Battle  of  Park, 
which  was  fought  at  StrathpefFer  between  the  Mac- 
donalds  and  the  Mackenzies  shortly  before  the  death 
of  Alexander  Ionraic,  which  took  place  in  1488. J 
The  circumstances  which  led  to  this  famous  fight 
were  the  following  : — Coinneach  a  Bhlair  (Kenneth 
of  the  Battle),  the  son  and  heir  of  Alexander  Ionraic, 
had  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Macdonald 
of  Islay,  who  laid  claim  to  the  lordship  of  the  Isles 
and  the  earldom  of  Ross.  One  Christmas  eve 
Kenneth  was  insulted  by  Alexander  Macdonald  of 
Lochalsh,  the  nephew  and  heir  of  John  of  Islay. 
In  revenge  for  the  insult  Kenneth  sent  his  wife 
back  to  her  father.  The  lady,  who  was  blind  of 
one  eye,  was  sent  away  mounted  on  a  one-eyed 
horse,  attended  by  a  one-eyed  servant,  and  followed 
by  a  one-eyed  dog.  John  of  Islay  and  Alexander 
of  Lochalsh,  roused  to  fury  by  this  outrageous 
insult,  mustered  all  their  followers,  to  the  number 
of  more  than  fifteen  hundred  warriors,  and  set  out 
on  an  expedition  to  punish  the  Mackenzies.  The 
Macdonalds,  plundering  and  destroying  as  they 
went,  directed  their  march  to  Kinellan,  in  Strath- 
peffer, where  the  Baron  of  Kintail  was  then  residing. 
They  arrived  at  Contin  one  Sunday  morning  and 
burned  the  church,  together  with  the  priest  and  a 

1  The  exact  date  of  the  Battle  of  Park  does  not  appear  to  be  known,  the 
official  records  relating  to  the  Highlands  at  this  time  being  exceedingly 
meagre.  Sir  Robert  Gordon,  in  his  History  of  the  Earls  of  Sutherland,  a  booh 
written  about  the  close  of  the  sixteenth  century,  says  it  was  fought  shortly 
after  1476. 


large    congregation    of    aged    men,     women,     and 
children,  who  were  worshipping  in  it  at  the  time. 

Meantime,  on  the  approach  of  the  enemy,  Kenneth 
and  his  two  brothers,  Duncan  and  Hector  Roy, 
sent  their  aged  father  for  safety  to  the  Raven's 
Rock,  a  prominent  and  precipitous  hill  overhanging 
the  Dingwall  and  Skye  Railway  between  Strathpeflfer 
and  Garve.  They  then  led  their  followers,  who 
numbered  only  six  hundred  men,  against  the  Mac- 
donalds,  and  the  battle  was  fought  on  the  moor 
which  is  still  known  as  Blar-na-Pairc,  a  well-known 
spot  about  a  mile  west  of  the  Strathpeffer  wells. 
The  Mackenzies  were  led  by  Kenneth  himself,  and 
Alexander  of  Lochalsh  seems  to  have  acted  as  leader 
of  the  Macdonalds,  while  their  chief  warrior  was 
Lachlan  Maclean  of  Lochbuy,  called  Lachlan  Mac 
Thearlaich  (Lachlan,  son  of  Charles).  Duncan  Mor, 
who  was  one  of  the  personal  attendants  of  Kenneth, 
thinking  that  he  had  been  somewhat  slighted  in  the 
arrangements  made  for  the  battle,  showed  unmistak- 
able signs  of  sulkiness.  He  was  persuaded,  however, 
by  Hector  Roy  to  take  up  a  battle-axe  and  join  in 
the  fight.  With  his  battle-axe  he  did  so  much  havoc 
that  the  Macdonalds  began  to  give  way  before  him. 
Lachlan  Mac  Thearlaich,  seeing  this,  put  himself  in 
Duncan's  way  in  order  to  check  his  murderous  career. 
The  two  champions  met  in  deadly  combat.  Lachlan 
being  a  powerful  man,  clad  in  mail  and  well  trained 
in  the  use  of  arms,  seemed  at  first  to  be  having  the 
best  of  the  fight,  but,  iu  an  unguarded  moment,  he 
exposed  himself  to  his  opponent's  battle-axe,  which 
at  one  deadly  stroke  severed  his  head  from  his  body. 


The  superior  strategy  of  Kenneth  was  already  telling 
severely  against  the  much  larger  army  of  the  enemy, 
and  the  Macdonalds,  seeing  their  champion  killed, 
gave  up  the  struggle  as  lost,  and  fled.  Duncan  Mor 
took  a  foremost  part  in  the  pursuit,  which  was  con- 
tinued on  the  following  day  as  far  as  Strathconon, 
until  most  of  the  Macdonalds  were  either  slain  or 
taken  prisoners.  Both  John  of  Islay  and  his  nephew, 
Alexander  of  Lochalsh,  were  among  the  prisoners, 
but  within  six  months  they  were  both  magnanimously 
released.  This  victory,  to  which  Duncan  Mor  had 
so  greatly  contributed,  "put  Kenneth  in  great  respect 
throughout  the  North,"  and  he  was  afterwards 
knighted  by  James  IV.  "  for  being  highly  instru- 
mental in  reducing  his  tierce  countrymen  to  the 
blessings  of  a  civilised  life." 

Duncan  Mor  afterwards  took  a  very  prominent 
and  active  part  in  the  great  feud  between  Hector 
Roy  and  the  Macleods  of  Gairloch.  We  are  told 
that  "  Duncan,  with  his  son  Dougal,  who  was  a 
strong,  prudent,  and  courageous  man,  with  ten  or 
twelve  other  Kintail  men,  were  always,  upon  the 
least  notice,  ready  to  go  and  assist  Hector  whenever, 
wherever,  and  in  whatever  he  had  to  do,  for  which 
cause  there  was  a  friendly  correspondence  between 
the  family  of  Gairloch  and  the  Macraes  of  Kintail." 
The  greatest  defeat  that  Hector  Hoy  inflicted  on  the 
Macleods  was  at  the  battle  of  Bealach  Glasleathaid 
near  Kintail.  Both  Duncan  and  his  son  Dougal  took 
part  in  this  fight,  in  the  course  of  which  Dougal  was 
attacked  by  four  men  at  once.  On  being  informed 
that  his  son  was  in  great  danger,   Duncan  calmly 

20  THE   HISTORY    Otf   THE   CLAN*   MACRAfi. 

replied,  "Leave  him  alone,  if  he  is  my  son  there  is  no 
fear  of  him,"  and  so  it  turned  out,  for  Dougal  killed 
the  four  Macleods  without  receiving  any  serious  hurt 
himself.  At  the  battle  of  Druim  a  Chait1  (the 
Cat's  Back),  which  was  fought  on  a  subsequent 
occasion  at  the  place  so  called  on  the  west  side 
of  Knockfarrel,  in  Strathpeffer,  between  the  Mac- 
kenzies  under  Hector  Roy,  and  the  Munros,  Ding- 
walls,  and  Maccullochs,  under  Sir  William  Munro  of 
Foulis,  Duncan  once  more  distinguished  himself 
and  largely  contributed  to  the  defeat  of  the  Munros 
and  their  allies,  which  was  so  complete  that  few  of 
them  escaped  alive.  "  It  is  said  of  this  Duncan  that 
he  was  in  many  conflicts  and  combats,  and  always 
came  off  victorious,  but  never  without  a  wound. 
He  was  a  facetious  and  yet  a  bloody  man." 

Duncan  Mor  na  Tuagh  is  sometimes  spoken  of 
as  Mackenzie's  ploughman,  but  it  is  not  at  all  likely 
that  a  member  of  what  appears  at  this  time  to  have 
been  the  leading  family  in  Kintail  next  to  the  Baron 
himself  should  occupy  such  a  position.  The  Gaelic 
term  Scallag,  which  in  this  case  has  been  translated 
ploughman,  formerly  meant  any  servant  or  retainer. 
In  the  MS.  history  of  the  Mackenzies,  which  was 
written  by  Rev.  John  Macrae,  author  of  the  Macrae 
Genealogy,  it  is  stated  that  Duncan  Mor  happened 
accidentally  to  be  present  the  day  of  the  Battle 
of  Park,  on  some  other  business,  and  that  he  was  the 

IThis  battle  is  sometimes  called  the  Battle  of  Tobair-nan-Ceann  (the  well 
of  heads).  It  is  said  that  Hector  and  his  men,  being  armed  with  battle-axes 
and  two-edged  swords,  did  so  much  execution  among  their  enemies  that  no  fewer 
than  nineteen  heads  rolled  down  into  a  well  in  a  hollow  below  a  spot  where 
they  overtook  a  party  of  the  enemy  during  the  pursuit— hence  the  name 


principal  officer  of  Kintail.  Comparing  the  various 
traditional  and  MS.  accounts  of  this  remarkable 
man.  perhaps  the  most  natural  conclusion  to  arrive 
at  is  that  at  this  time  he  may  have  been  young  and 
untried ;  that  he  first  gave  proof  of  his  valour 
and  prowess  at  the  Battle  of  Park,  and  that  he 
afterwards  became  either  the  factor  of  Kintail  or 
perhaps  the  principal  officer  of  the  Baron's  fighting 
men.  It  is  not  at  all  unlikely  that  Duncan  Mor 
began  his  career  as  a  page  or  personal  servant, 
that  is  as  the  sccdlag  of  Mackenzie,  probably  of  Sir 
Kenneth  a  Bhlair,  but  whatever  the  commencement 
of  his  career  may  have  been,  it  is  quite  certain  that 
a  man  around  whose  memory  so  many  legends  and 
traditions  of  a  heroic  kind  have  gathered  must  have 
been,  in  spite  of  possible  eccentricities,  an  important 
and  leading  man  among  his  own  countrymen.1 

The  male  succession  of  Duncan  Mor  na  Tuagh 
failed  in  the  person  of  Duncan  Boy  Macrae,   who 
died  at  Conchraig  of  Tollie  in   1G79. 
4.   Maurice,  married  and  left  issue. 

"/  III.  FIN  LAY,  eldest  son  of  Christopher,  was 
the  contemporary  and  chief  counsellor  of  John  of 
Killin,  ninth  Baron  of  Kintail,  who  fought  at 
Flodden  in  1513,  and  at  Pinkie  in  1547.  John  of 
Killin  was  a  minor  at  the  time  of  the  death  of  his 
father,  Sir  Kenneth  a  Bhlair,  in  1491.  He  was  still 
a  minor  when,  in  consequence  of  the  death  of  his 
eldest  brother,  Kenneth  Og  (Kenneth  the  younger), 

in  1497,  he  became  Baron  of  Kintail.     Kenneth  Og 

1  Fur  a  more  detailed  account  of  the  exploits  of  Duncan  Mor  na  Tuagh, 
see  chapter  on  legends  and  traditions  of  the  clan. 


was  the  only  child  of  Kenneth  a  Bhlair's  first  wife, 
Lady  Margaret  Macdonald,  of  whom  her  husband 
disposed  in  the  ignominious  manner  already  de- 
scribed. A  few  days  after  sending  Lady  Margaret 
away,  Kenneth,  at  the  head  of  a  large  body  of  his 
followers,  went  to  Lord  Lovat  to  demand  his 
daughter,  Agnes  Fraser,  in  marriage.  Lord  Lovat, 
having  no  friendly  feeling  towards  the  Macdonalds 
at  that  time,  delivered  his  daughter  over  to  Kenneth, 
and  they  lived  together  ever  after  as  husband  and 
wife.  John  of  Killin  was  the  first  issue  of  this 
irregular  marriage,  and  although  the  marriage  is 
said  to  have  been  legitimised  by  the  Pope,  Hector 
Roy  declared  his  nephew,  John  of  Killin,  illegitimate, 
and  seized  the  estates  for  himself.  Hector  being  a 
well  known  and  a  very  popular  man,  appears  to  have 
received  all  but  the  unanimous  support  of  the  people 
of  Kintail,  and  one  of  the  Claim  Ian  Charrich  Mac- 
raes, called  Malcolm,  was  made  Constable  of  Ellan- 
donan  Castle.  Finlay,  however,  took  up  the  cause 
of  John  of  Killin,  between  whose  supporters  and 
those  of  Hector  IW  there  arose  a  feud  which  lasted 
for  some  years. 

In  course  of  time,  however,  John  of  Killin, 
young  as  he  was,  proved  quite  a  match  for  his  uncle, 
Hector  Roy,  whom  he  surprised  one  night  at 
Fairburn,  by  a  clever  stratagem,  and  took  prisoner. 
It  was  agreed  between  them  that  night  that  Hector 
should  hold  the  estates  until  John  attained  the 
age  of  twenty-one,  after  which  Hector  promised  to 
restore  the  estates,  and  to  acknowledge  John  ever 
afterwards  as  his  chief.     John's  supporters  insisted 


that  Ellandonan  Castle,  being  the  principal  residence 
of  the  family,  should  be  given  up  to  him  at  <>nce. 
As  Malcolm  Mac  Ian  Charrich  refused,  however,  to 
surrender  the  Castle,  John's  supporters  laid  siege  to 
it.  and  had  Malcolm's  cattle  brought  down  to  the 
seaside  and  there  slaughtered  to  feed  the  besiegers. 
Malcolm,  however,  would  not  surrender  without 
Hector's  consent,  and  even  when  this  was  obtained, 
Malcolm  still  refused  to  surrender  until  compensated 
for  the  loss  of  his  cattle.  Hector  eventually  per- 
suaded Malcolm  to  yield,-  whereupon  John  of  Killin 
dismissed  him  from  the  Constableship,  to  which  he 
appointed  Finlay's  son,  Christopher.  It  is  said  that 
the  Claim  Ian  Charrich  family  of  Macraes  did  not 
afterwards  assume  much  importance  in  Kintail. 
Finlay  is  said  to  have  had  four  sons. 

1.  Christopher,  of  whom  below. 

2.  John,  called  Ian  Mor  nan  Cas  (Big  John  of 
the  feet),  a  name  which  he  is  said  to  have  received 
under  the  following  circumstances :  Roderick,1 
brother  of  John  of  Killin,  being  charged  with  man- 
slaughter, King  James  V.  ordered  him  to  be  given 
up  to  justice.  John  of  Killin  accordingly  set  out 
with  a  party  of  men  to  apprehend  him  in  Kintail, 
but  Roderick,  being  a  very  powerful  man,  "  and  un- 
willing to  be  brought  as  a  prisoner,  while  the  party 
were  struggling  to  bring  him,  and  could  not,  this 
John  took  him  by  the  feet,  and  so  got  him  down, 
when  each  man  having  a  leg,  an  arm,  or  some  other 
hold  of  him,  they  carried  him  along  until  he  con- 
sented to  walk  on  his  feet  with  them  to  the  presence 

l  Thig  Roderick  waa  progenitor  of  the  Mackenzie*,  Achilty,  Fairburn.  &c. 


of  his  injured  brother."  John  Mor  nan  Cas  left 
sons,  and  his  descendants  appear  to  have  settled  in 
Lochcarron  and  Kishorn,  where  several  of  them  are 
said  to  have  been  living  in  1786. 

3.  Gilpatrick  is  also  sai:l  to  have  left  issue. 

4.  Miles  or  Maolmuire.  was  killed  at  Kinloch- 
ewe  shortly  before  1539  by  the  followers  of  Donald 
Gorm  Macdonald,  of  Sleat.  Part  of  a  monument 
erected  on  the  spot  where  Miles  was  killed  is  said 
to  have  been  standing  about  1700.  Miles  left 
numerous  issue,  some  of  whom  appear  to  have  lived 
in  Gairloch,  and  others  in  Tain. 

IV.  CHRISTOPHER,  eldest  son  of  Finlay, 
was  appointed  Constable  of  Ellandonan  Castle, 
as  already  stated,  probably  about  1511.  Very  little 
is  known  about  him  except  that  he  held  the  office 
with  trustworthiness  and  success,  until  shortly 
before  Donald  Gorm's  invasion  of  Kintail  in  1539. 
His  sons  were — 

1.  Christopher,  called  Christopher  Beg  (Little 
Christopher),  whose  male  succession  terminated  in 

2.  Duncan,  of  whom  below. 

3.  Farquhar,  progenitor  of  the  Torlysich 
family,  of  whom  hereafter.  The  descendants  of  this 
Farquhar  were  called  the  Black  Macraes,  as  dis- 
tinguished from  the  descendants  of  his  brother 
Duncan,  who  were  called  the  Fair  Macraes. 

4.  Finlay,  called  Finlay  Dubh.  He  married 
Isabel,  daughter  of  Sir  Dougal  Mackenzie,  Priest 
of  Kintail,  who  is  spoken  of  as  a  very  beautiful 
woman,  but    of  doubtful   character.      Finlay   lived 


at  iryugan,  near  Ardintoul.  While  his  brother 
Duncan,  who  married  Sir  Dougal's  widow,  was 
living  in  Strathglass,  as  mentioned  below,  Finlay 
went  to  see  him,  and  his  wife  went  along  with  him 
to  see  her  mother.  During  this  visit  Finlay's  wife 
made  the  acquaintance  of  a  man  called  Alister 
Dubh,  a  son  of  Chisholm  of  Comer.  Alister  Dubh 
afterwards  followed  her  to  Kintail,  and,  taking 
advantage  one  day  of  Finlay's  absence  from  home, 
eloped  with  her  to  Strathglass.  She  had  a 
young  boy  called  Christopher,  whom  she  took  with 
her.  °This  Christopher  settled  in  Strathglass,  where 
he  became  a  man  of  importance  and  means,  and 
from  him  the  Macraes  of  Strathglass  were 
descended.  Finlay,  believing  that  his  wife  had 
encouraged  Alister  Dubh's  plot,  did  not  attempt  to 
bring  her  back,  and  disowned  her  henceforth. 

5.  John. 

6.  Donald. 

V.  DUNCAN,  second  son  of  Christopher  IV., 
was  called  Donnacha  Mac  Gillechriosd.  He  was  in 
his  own  day  a  prominent  man  in  the  affairs  of 
Kintail,  and  gained  great  renown  for  himself  by 
killing  Donald  Gorm  Macdonald,  of  Sleat,  at  the 
siege  of  Ellandonan  Castle,  in  1539.1  The  circum- 
stances which  led  to  that  event  were  the  following : 
Some  time  before  this,  Donald  Gorm,  having 
devastated  the  lands  of  Macleod  of  Dunvegan,  who 

1  There  seems  to  be  some  doubt  as  to  the  date  of  this  siege.  1539  is  the 
date  usually  given,  but  1537  is  also  mentioned.  As  the  feud  aj>|>ears  to  have 
continued  for  some  time,  and  as  Donald  Gorm  made  more  than  one  raid  into 
Kintail,  it  is  possible  that  1537  may  have  been  the  date  of  the  first  rai.l,  and 
1539  the  date  of  the  one  which  resulted  in  his  death, 


was  an  ally  of  John  of  Killin,  passed  over  to  the 
mainland,  laid  waste  the  district  of  Kinlochewe,  and 
killed,  among  others,  Miles,  son  of  Finlay  Macrae, 
as  already  mentioned.  John  of  Killin,  naturally 
exasperated  by  this  unprovoked  invasion  of  his 
own  territory,  as  well  as  by  the  raid  against  his 
friend  and  ally,  Macleod  of  Dunvegan,  sent  his  son 
Kenneth  to  Sleat  with  a  large  body  of  followers  to 
retaliate  on  the  Macdonalds.  Thereupon  Donald 
Gorm  invaded  Kintail  with  a  strong  party,  carried 
off  a  great  deal  of  booty,  and  aggravated  matters 
further  still  by  killing  Sir  Dougal  Mackenzie,1 
Priest  of  Kintail,  who  was  then  living  at  Achyuran, 
in  Glensheil.  It  would  appear  that  both  parties 
made  more  than  one  raid  into  each  other's  terri- 
tories, and  that  the  feud  continued  for  some  time. 
At  all  events,  on  a  subsequent  occasion,  Donald 
Gorm,  hearing  that  Ellandonan  Castle  was  but  very 
weakly  garrisoned,  made  a  sudden  raid  upon  it  with 
a  number  of  birlins  or  galleys,  full  of  his 
followers,  in  the  hope  of  being  able  to  take  it 
by  surprise.  The  Constable  of  the  Castle  at  this 
time  was  John  Dubh  Matheson,  of  Fernaig,  who 
had     married     Sir     Dougal     Mackenzie's     widow, 

1  Sir  Dougal  Mackenzie  appears  to  have  been  a  member  of  the  House  of 
Kintail.  A  certain  Sir  ]  >migal  Mackenzie  is  said  to  have  been  one  of  the 
Commissioners  sent  to  the  Pope  in  1491  to  procure  the  legitimisation  of 
Kenneth  a  Bhlair's  marriage  with  Agnes  Fraser  of  Lovat.  It  is  not  impossible 
that  this  may  have  been  the  man  who  was  killed  by  Donald  Gorm  nearly 
fifty  years  afterwards,  even  though  he  left  a  young  and  marriageable  widow. 
The  Sir  Dougal  who  went  to  Rome  is  said  to  have  been  made  a  "  Knight  to 
the  boot  of  Pope  Clement  VIII."  The  title  Sir,  however,  a-s  formerly  applied 
to  the  Clergy,  did  not  imply  any  superiority  of  rank.  It  simply  meant  that 
the  bearer  of  it  had  taken  only  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts,  whereas  the 
title  Mr  indicated  the  higher  degree  of  Master  of  Arts. 


and  hail  recently  been  appointed  to  the  Constable- 
ship  in  succession  to  Christopher  Macrae.  The 
rumour  that  reached  Donald  Gorm  with  regard  to 
the  unprotected  state  of  Ellandonan  was  only  too 
true,  for  John  Dubh  and  the  watchman  were  the 
only  two  in  the  Castle.  The  advance  of  the 
boats  was  noticed  by  the  watchman,  who  gave 
the  alarm;  but  there  was  no  time  to  gather 
men  from  the  mainland  before  the  enemy  arrived. 
It  so  happened,  however,  that  Duncan  Mac  Gille- 
chriosd  was  passing  by  on  his  way  from  Lochalsh, 
and,  hearing  the  cry  of  alarm,  he  made  for 
the.  Castle  with  all  speed.  He  arrived  there  before 
the  enemy,  and  thirsting  for  revenge  against  the 
Macdonalds  for  having  lately  killed  his  uncle  Miles 
at  Kinlochewe,  he  took  his  stand  at  the  postern 
gate  of  the  tower  and  killed  several  of  the  crew  of 
the  first  galley  as  they  were  landing.  As  the 
enemy  crowded  upon  him  in  increasing  numbers, 
he  made  his  way  into  the  tower,  and  barricad- 
ing the  gate  behind  him,  joined  the  Constable  and 
the  watchman  in  defending  the  Castle. 

Donald  Gorm  immediately  began  a  furious 
battering  of  the  gate,  but  the  dauntless  three  had 
so  strongly  secured  it  with  iron  bars  on  the  inside, 
and  they  harassed  the  besiegers  so  much  by  throw- 
ing stones  among  them  from  within,  that  he  was 
obliged  to  withdraw  his  men.  Both  sides  now 
began  to  use  their  bows  and  arrows.  The  Mac- 
donalds, who  were  suffering  heavily  themselves, 
aimed  at  the  embrasures,  and  in  this  way  they 
unfortunately    succeeded   in    killing   the   Constable. 


Duncan  was  now  left  alone  with  the  watchman  and 
his  last  arrow  to  defend  the  fort.  This  arrow  he 
resolved  to  save  until  a  favourable  opportunity 
occurred  for  making  effective  use  of  it.  The  oppor- 
tunity soon  arrived,  for  at  this  stage  Donald 
Gorm  had  the  masts  of  some  of  his  galleys  taken 
down  for  the  purpose  of  trying  to  make  a 
breach  in  the  wall  or  to  mount  it,  and  as  he 
moved  round  the  Castle  to  discover  the  weakest  and 
most  suitable  point  of  attack,  Duncan,  thinking  the 
opportunity  a  favourable  one,  took  aim  with  his  last 
arrow,  and  struck  him  on  the  foot.  The  arrow  was 
a  barbed  one,  and  in  pulling  it  out  of  the  wound  an 
artery  was  severed.  Every  possible  effort  was 
made  to  stop  the  bleeding,  but  without  avail.  The 
wounded  chief  was  then  conveyed  by  his  men  some 
distance  away  from  the  Castle  to  a  reef,  which 
is  still  called  Larach  Ugh  Mhic  DhomhnuiU,  or  the 
site  of  Macdonald's  house,  where  he  died. 

For  this  service  against  the  Macdonalds,  James 
V.  gave  John  of  Killin  considerable  additions  of 
land  in  the  county  of  Ross,  and  the  Macraes  were 
thus  once  more  instrumental  in  increasing  the 
substance  and  the  honours  of  the  House  of  Kin- 

Duncan  now  thought,  with  some  reason,  that  he 
had  a  good  claim  to  succeed  John  Dubh  Matheson 
as  Constable  of  EUandonan,  but  John  of  Killin 
thought  him  too  rash  and  passionate  for  the  post. 
He  then  put  in  a  claim  for  his  brother  Farquhar, 
but,  to  avoid  quarrels  and  bitterness  between 
the   Macraes  and  the  Maclennans,   who  were  also 

The  History  of  the  CLAtf  maorae.  %% 

claimants  for  the  post,  it  was  decided  to  give  it  to 
John  MacMhurchaidh  Dhuihh  (John,  the  son  of 
Black  Murdoch),  priest  of  Kintail.  Duncan  was 
so  much  offended  at  the  treatment  he  received 
in  return  for  the  excellent  service  he  had  rendered 
that  he  left  Kintail  in  disgust,  and  went  to  the 
country  of  Lord  Lovat,  by  whom  he  was  kindly  and 
hospitably  received.  Lord  Lovat  gave  him  the 
lands  of  Culigeran,  in  Strathglass,  but  Duncan 
killed  so  many  deer  in  the  neighbouring  forest  of 
Ben  Vachart  that  Lovat  was  soon  obliged  to  move 
him  some  miles  away  to  a  place  called  Crochel, 
where  he  lived  for  several  years.  While  living  at 
Crochel  the  Baron  of  Kintail  paid  him  several  visits, 
and  frequently  invited  him  to  return  to  Kintail. 
Duncan,  who  had  all  along  retained  an  affection  for 
his  native  place,  at  last  decided  to  accept  Kintail's 
offers.1  Lord  Lovat,  however,  being  anxious  to 
retain  him,  offered  him  for  a  small  feu-duty  the 
lands  of  Clunes  which  Duncan's  predecessors  formerly 
held.  Duncan  agreed  to  this  proposal,  and  Lord 
Lovat  being  about  to  proceed  to  the  south,  promised 
him  to  have  the  necessary  legal  documents  drawn 
up  there  before  his  return.     When  Lovat  departed 

1  The  year  I'i'iT  was  probably  the  date  of  Duncan's  return  to  Kintail.  It 
was  not  until  after  the  siege  of  Ellamlonan  Castle  in  1539  that  Duncan  left 
Kintail.  and  the  first  Lord  Lovat,  who  died  after  that  date,  was  Hugh,  who 
was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Blar-na-leine  near  Loch  Lochy  in  1544.  The  news 
of  his  tragic  end  in  such  a  famous  ljattle  could  hardly  have  circulated  as  a 
rumour  that  he  died  at  Braemar.  Hugh's  successor,  Alexander,  the  fifth  Lord 
Lovat,  died  at  Aigas  Island,  in  the  Beauly  River,  in  15;i7.  For  some  months 
previous  to  his  death  he  had  been  travelling  for  his  health,  and  it  is  ipjite 
possible  that  rumours  of  his  death  may  have  circulated  during  his  travels,  and 
may  have  influenced  Duncan's  decision  to  remain  in  Kintail. 


for  the  south,  Duncan  went  to  Kintail  to  inform 
his  friends  of  the  offer  he  had  received  and  his 
intention  of  accepting  it  ;  but  while  on  this  visit 
a  rumour  reached  him  that  Lord  Lovat  had  died 
at  Braemar,  and  doubting  whether  Lovat's  successor 
would  be  willing  to  confirm  the  agreement,  he 
finally  resolved  to  return  to  Kintail,  where  he 
received  the  quarter  land  of  Inverinate  and  Doris- 
duan.  At  Inverinate,  a  romantic  spot  on  the 
north  shore  of  Loch  Duich,  he  lived  for  the  rest 
of  his  days,  as  did  also  his  descendants  after  him  for 
more  than  two  centuries.  Duncan  married  the 
widow  of  John  Dubh  Matheson,  Constable  of  Ellan- 
donan.  She  was  a  daughter  of  Duncan  Ban  of 
Glenmoriston,  and  was  first  married  to  Sir  Dougal 
Mackenzie,  as  already  stated.  By  her  Duncan  had 
two  sons  and  a  daughter,  who  was  carried  away 
from  her  father's  sheiling  in  Affric,  by  John  Macin- 
taggart  from  Strathglass,  who  married  her,  and 
by  whom  he  had  several  sons  and  daughters. 
Duncan  lived  to  a  good  old  age.     His  sons  were — 

( 1 ).  Christopher,  of  whom  below. 

(2).  John,  who  was  "  a  resolute  and  warlike 
man,"  and  took  a  very  active  part  in  the  great  feud 
which  raged  at  this  time  between  the  Macdonalds  of 
Glengarry  and  the  Mackenzies  of  Kintail.  It  is 
said  that  "  few  parties  were  sent  out  on  desperate 
attempts  to  infest  or  annoy  the  enemy  but  John 
was  commander,  and  he  seldom  or  never  returned 
without  bloodshed.  He  might  be  called  an  Hazael 
for  speed  of  foot."  His  brother  Christopher  used 
\,o  tell  him   that  his   cruelty  and   bloodshed  would 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  31 

bring  judgment  upon  himself  or  upon  his  family  ; 
and  it  is  stated  that,  although  he  had  three  sons 
who  lived  to  old  age,  their  progeny  were  of  no  great 
consequence.     His  sons  were — 

a.  Christopher. 

b.  Duncan,  who  was  also  a  warrior  like  his 
father,  was  an  old  man  in  1654,  when  General 
Monk  visited  Kintail.  It  is  said  that,  some  time 
before  this,  Duncan  consulted  a  local  seer  as  to  the 
manner  in  which  he  should  end  his  days,  and  was 
informed  that  he  would  die  by  the  sword.  This 
appeared  so  improbable  in  the  case  of  an  old  warrior 
who  had  taken  part  in  so  many  blood}'  frays,  and 
invariably  escaped  unhurt,  that  the  question  was 
referred  to  "  Coinneach  Odhar,"1  the  Brahan  Seer, 
who  confirmed  the  first  seer's  prediction.  Duncan, 
however,  gave  the  matter  no  credit,  but  one  day, 
while  Monk  and  his  army  were  in  Kintail,  the  old 
man  left  his  house  in  Glensheil,  and  went  up 
among  the  hills,  where  he  was  met  by  some  soldiers 
who  were  wandering  about  in  search  of  plunder, 
and  who  spoke  roughly  to  him  in  English,  which  he 

1  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  better  known  as  Coinneach  Odhar  (Dun  Kenneth), 
or  the  Brahan  Seer,  was  one  of  those  prophets  of  former  times  whose  mystic 
utterances  have  so  frequently  puzzled  and  startled  people  by  their  literal 
fulfilment.  He  is  said  to  have  been  born  in  Lews  about  the  commencement  of 
the  seventeenth  century,  and  to  have  subsecpuently  moved  to  the  neighbour- 
hood of  Brahan,  where  he  worked  on  a  farm  as  a  common  labourer.  Having 
brought  upon  himself,  by  certain  unguarded  utterances,  the  resentment  of 
Lady  Seaforth,  he  was  by  her  orders  apprehended,  brought  to  trial  as  a 
wizard,  and  sentenced  by  the  ecclesiastical  authority  to  lie  burnt  to  death  at 
Fortrose.  This  is  said  to  have  happened  while  he  was  still  a  young  man. 
(For  an  interesting  collection  of  the  prophecies  ascribed  to  him  by  the 
traditions  of  Ross-shite,  see  The  Prophecies  of  the  Brahan  Seer,  by  Alexander 
Mackenzie,  Inverness.) 


did  not  understand.  Unable  to  brook  such  an 
insult  the  old  man  drew  his  sword,  but  was 
immediately  overpowered  and  killed  by  the  soldiers. 
This,  we  are  told,  was  all  the  bloodshed  committed 
by  General  Monk  and  his  soldiers  in  Kintail. 
c.  Finlay. 


i  a^.- 

•  .20-/770 



VI.  Christopher. — Constable  of  Ellandonan  Castle. — Origin  of  Fend 
between  Kintail  and  Glengarry.  —  Kenneth,  Lord  Kintail, 
obtains  Crown  Charter  for  Glengarry's  Possessions  in  Loch- 
carron  and  Lochalsh. — Christopher  and  his  Family  contributed 
to  Kiutail's  success.  —  Christopher  an  enterprising  Cattle 
Dealer. — His  Convivial  Habits.  —  His  Friendship  with  Sir 
Donald  Macdonald  of  Sleat.  —  Christopher's  Marriage  and 
Family. — Duncan  called  Donnacha  Mac  Gillechriosd. — One  of 
the  Biggest  Men  in  the  Highlands. — Ian  Mor  a  Chasteil. — 
Duncan  and  a  Companion  take  part  in  the  Fight  of  Leac  na 
Falla,  in  Skye. — Angus  Og  of  Glengarry  invades  Lochcarron. 
— Lady  Mackenzie  and  the  Kintail  Men  prepare  to  intercept 
Angus  Og  on  his  return. — Fight  at  the  Cailleach  Rock. — Death 
of  Angus  Og. — His  Burial  at  Kilduich. — Duncan  robbed  at 
Elycht  Fair. — The  Rev.  John,  son  of  Christopher  VI. — Tutor 
or  Governor  to  Colin,  Earl  Seaforth. — Other  Descendants  of 
Christopher  VI. — The  Rev.  Finlay  Macrae  of  Lochalsh. — ■ 
Jacobite  and  Episcopalian. — Supports  Rising  of  1715. — De- 
prived of  his  Living. — His  Marriage. — His  Descendants. — 
Maurice,  son  of  Christopher  VI. —  Christopher  Og. — Domhnul 
na  Smurich,  and  Donald  Beg. 

VI.  CHRISTOPHER,  eldest  son  of  Duncan  V.,  was 
for  some  time  Constable  of  Ellandonan  Castle.  He 
is  said  to  have  been  "prudent  and  solid  in  counsel 
and  advice,  bold,  forward  and  daring  when  need 
required,  yet  remarkably  merciful  during  the  bloody 
wars  'twixt  Mackenzie  and  Glengarry."  The  circum- 
stances which  led  to  the  great  feud  between  Kintail 



and  Glengarry1  appear  to  have  been  somewhat  as 
follows :  —  Donald  Macdonald,  who  was  Chief  of 
Glengarry  about  1580,  when  the  feud  broke  out, 
inherited  parts  of  Lochalsh,  Lochcarron,  and  Loch- 
broom  from  his  grandmother,  Margaret,  one  of  the 
sisters  and  co-heiresses  of  Sir  Donald  Macdonald  of 
Lochalsh,  while  Mackenzie  of  Kintail  acquired  the 
portion  of  the  other  co-heiress,  by  purchase,  in  1554. 
With  the  territories  of  two  such  rival  clans  as  the 
Mackenzies  and  the  Macdonalds,  not  only  closely 
adjoining,  but  in  some  instances  mixed  up  together, 
as  those  territories  now  were,  trouble  was  bound  to 
arise.  Men  were  constantly  coming  and  going 
between  Lochcarron  and  Glengarry,  and  it  appears 
that  in  passing  through  Mackenzie's  territories  they 
frequently  committed  acts  of  violence  against  the 
people.  In  such  circumstances  it  was  not  difficult 
to  find  an  excuse  for  a  quarrel,  and  an  incident  soon 
occurred  which  brought  matters  to  a  crisis.  One  of 
Glengarry's  men,  having  found  it  necessary  for  some 
reason  to  leave  his  old  home,  settled,  with  his  family 
and  cattle,  in  Glenaffric.  Being  a  great  hunter,  he 
frequently  resorted  to  the  neighbouring  deer  forest 
of  Glasletter,  which  then  belonged  to  Mackenzie  of 
Gairloch.  One  day,  while  hunting  there,  accom- 
panied by  a  servant,  he  was  surprised  by  Gairloch's 
forester,  who  called  upon  him  to  surrender.  The 
forester  was  a  Macrae  called  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Ian 
Mhic  Dhomh'uill  Mhoir,  or  Fionla  Dubh  nam  Fiadh 

IFor  an  exhaustive  account  of  this  feud,  see  Mackenzie's  History  of  the 
Mackenzies,  new  edition,  chapters  on  Colin  Cam  and  Kenneth,  first  Lorc\ 



(Black  Finlay  of  the  Deer),1  and  he  also  was  accom- 
panied by  a  gillie  or  servant.  The  hunter  refused  to 
surrender,  whereupon  Finlay  Dubh  and  his  companion 
killed  both  the  hunter  and  his  servant,  and  buried 
them  under  a  bank.  As  soon  as  the  murdered  men 
were  missed,  suspicion  fell  upon  the  forester  and  his 
gillie,  both  of  whom  were  brought  to  trial  by  Mac- 
kenzie of  Kintail,  but  nothing  could  be  proved 
against  them.  Shortly  afterwards,  however,  the 
bodies  of  the  murdered  men  were  found  by  their 
friends,  and,  very  little  doubt  being  now  left  as  to 
who  were  the  perpetrators  of  the  dark  deed,  a  party 
of  the  Macdonalds  set  out  to  take  vengeance. 
Arriving  at  Glenstrathfarrar,  which  then  belonged 
to  Mackenzie  of  Reclcastle,  they  plundered  the  place 
and  killed  a  brother  of  Finlay  Dubh,  the  forester, 
called  Duncan  Mac  Ian  Mhic  Dbomh'uill  Mhoir, 
whom  they  found  ploughing  in  his  own  field.  When 
tidings  of  this  outrage  reached  Roderick  Mor,  who 
was  then  the  Laird  of  Redeastle,  and  who  had  old 
grievances  of  a  similar  kind  against  the  Macdonalds, 
he  resolved  at  whatever  cost,  and  in  spite  of  the 
advice  of  more  cautious  friends,  to  take  up  the 
quarrel.  Such,  then,  was  the  commencement  of  this 
feud,  which  lasted,  with  little  intermission,  for  more 
than  a  quarter  of  a  century,  and  which  ended  in 
favour  of  Mackenzie,  who  obtained  a  Crown  charter 
for  Glengarry's  possessions  in  Lochcarron  and  Loch- 
alsh  in  1607,  and  the  superiority  of  all  his  other 
possessions.    To  this  result,  which  added  still  further 

1  For  the  Kintail  tradition  of  Fionnla  Dubh  nam  Fiadh  and  his  exploits  on 
this  occasion,  see  chapter  on  the  legends  and  traditions  of  the  clan. 


to  the  power  and  influence  of  the  House  of  Kintail, 
Christopher  and  his  family  greatly  contributed,  and 
we  read  that  Kenneth,  Lord  Kintail,  "  did  always 
ask  his  advice  in  any  matter  of  consequence  he  had 
to  do  in  the  Highlands." 

Not  only  was  Christopher  a  bold  and  stout 
warrior,  he  was  likewise  an  enterprising  man  of 
business.  He  was  the  first  man  in  that  part  of 
the  country  whc  sent  cattle  to  the  markets  of  the 
South.  For  that  purpose  he  bought  cattle  yearly 
from  the  neighbouring  estates,  and  made  so  much 
money  in  his  cattle-dealing  that  "  if  he  was  as 
frugal  in  keeping  as  he  was  industrious  in  acquiring, 
he  had  proven  a  very  rich  man  in  his  own  country." 
But  he  appears  to  have  been  a  man  of  decidedly 
convivial  habits,  and  to  have  spent  his  money  very 
freelv,  for  when  he  went  to  Inverness,  or  to  Fortrose, 
which  was  then  a  very  important  place  and  much 
frequented,  "  the  first  thing  he  did  was  to  call  his 
landlord  the  vintner,  and  with  him  pitched  upon 
and  agreed  for  the  hogshead  of  wine  that  pleased 
him  best,  resolving  to  drink  it  all  with  his  acquaint- 
ances before  he  left  the  town."  He  was  on  very 
friendly  terms  with  Sir  Donald  Macdonald  of  Sleat, 
commonly  called  Donald  Gorm  Mor,  grandson  of 
Donald  Gorm,  who  was  killed  by  Christopher's  father 
at  the  siege  of  Ellandonan  Castle  in  1539.  This 
Sir  Donald  was  married  to  a  sister  of  Kenneth,  Lord 
Kintail,  and  being  on  one  occasion  in  the  South, 
along  with  his  lady,  he  was  detained  there  much 
longer  than  he  expected,  with  the  result  that  he 
ran  short  of  money.     There  were  no  banking  trans- 


actions  in  those  clays,  and  the  credit  of  Highland 
Chiefs,  at  all  event  in  the  South,  was  not  always 
good.  In  consequence  of  all  this,  Sir  Donald  was 
obliged  to  go  home  for  more  money  in  order  to 
enahle  his  lady  to  travel  in  a  manner  suitable  to 
her  rank,  and  meantime  she  remained  behind  in 
Perth,  to  await  the  return  of  her  husband.  It  so 
happened,  however,  that  Christopher  was  at  this 
time  in  the  South  with  cattle,  and  hearing  that 
Lady  Macdonald,  the  sister  of  his  own  Chief,  was 
in  Perth,  he  went  to  pay  her  his  respects.  On 
learning  the  cause  of  her  delay,  he  told  her  that  he 
had  with  him  money  and  men  enough  to  meet  all 
expenses,  and  to  escort  her  safely  and  suitably  to 
her  home,  if  she  would  do  him  the  honour  of 
accepting  his  services.  Christopher's  offer  was 
gladly  accepted,  and  starting  immediately  for  the 
North,  they  arrived  at  Sleat  the  next  day  after  Sir 
Donald  himself.  Sir  Donald,  who  was  greatly  sur- 
prised and  much  delighted,  persuaded  Christopher 
to  remain  with  him  for  some  days,  with  the  result 
that  a  fast  friendship  was  established  between  the 
two  families,  notwithstanding  the  fact  that  on  one 
occasion  during  the  visit,  while  the  cups  were 
circulating  far  too  freely,  Christopher  made  an  ill- 
timed  reference  to  the  death  of  Donald  Gorm,  and 
so  greatly  roused  the  resentment  of  some  of  the 
Macdonalds  who  were  present,  that  they  would 
probably  have  killed  him  but  for  the  interference 
and  protection  of  his  host.  Christopher  was  after- 
wards greatly  ashamed  of  what  he  said,  and  Sir 
Donald  and  he  continued  to    be  very  fast  friends. 


Christopher  married  a  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Mur- 
doch Murchison,1  Priest  of  Kintail,  and  Constable  of 
Ellandonan  Castle,  who  died  in  1618,  and  by  her 
he  had  seven  sons,  all  of  whom  were  prosperously 
settled  before  the  death  of  their  father. 

1.  Duncan,  called  Uonnacha  Mac  Gillechriosd, 
is  said  to  have  been  one  of  the  biggest  and  strongest 
men  in  the  Highlands.  "  He  was  equal  in  height 
and  bulk  of  body"  to  John  Grant,  the  contemporary 
Laird  of  Glenmoriston,  commonly  called  Ian  Mor  a 
Chasteil  (Big  John  of  the  Castle).2  We  are  told 
that  Duncan  could  pass  through  the  doorway  of  the 
Church  at  Kintail  only  by  turning  sideways,  and  it 
appears,  from  what  the  clan  historian  relates  of 
him,  that  he  was  no  less  remarkable  for  his  prowess 
and  force  of  character  than  for  his  bodily  size. 
"  He  was  a  stout,  forward,  and  bloody  man,  and 
delighted  much  in  arms." 

The  following  incident,  which  is  related  of 
Duncan,  not  only  shows  the  pleasure  which  he 
himself  found  in  fighting,  but  the  light-heartediiess 
and  delight  with  which  the  Highlanders  of  those 
days  joined  in  any  affray,  whether  they  were  con- 
cerned in  the  quarrel  or  not.  On  a  certain  occasion 
Duncan  and  another  Kintail  man,  called  Ian  Og 
Mac  Fhionnla  Dhuibh  (Young  John,  the  son  of 
Black  Finlay),  Avere  in  the  Isle  of  Skye  buying 
horses.  On  their  way  home,  by  the  Coolin  Hills, 
they  observed  bands  of  Macleods  and  Macdonalds, 

l  See  Footnote,  page  56. 
2  For  an  interesting    account  of  Ian    Mor  a  Chasteil,  who    was  Laird  of 
Glenmoriston  from  1581  to  1637,  see  Mackay's  Urquhart  and  Glenmoriston  — 
page  125. 


between  whom  there  was  a  feud  at  the  time, 
gathering  together  and  making  preparations  for 
battle.  Neither  Duncan  nor  John  was  in  any  way 
concerned  in  the  quarrel,  but  Duncan  thought 
that  such  an  opportunity  of  exercising  themselves 
in  the  art  of  war  was  too  good  to  be  thrown  away, 
and  he  easily  persuaded  his  companion  to  join  in 
the  fight.  In  order  to  avoid  every  appearance 
of  injustice  or  partiality  they  resolved  to  take 
sides.  John  joined  the  Macleods,  because  his 
mother  was  of  that  clan,  while  Duncan  joined 
the  Macdonalds,  and  was  no  doubt  very  glad  to 
do  so  because  of  the  friendship  which  had  been 
established  between  his  father  and  their  Chief. 
Duncan  had  the  support  of  a  powerful  servant, 
who  managed  to  get  possession  of  a  pass  across 
a  rough  stream  for  which  both  parties  were  con- 
tending. This  position  he  held  against  the  Mac- 
leods until  the  Macdonalds  came  up  in  full  force, 
with  the  result  that  the  Macleods  were  defeated 
with  great  slaughter.  Tradition  relates  that  this 
was  a  very  fierce  and  deadly  struggle,  and  a 
large  flag-stone,  which  was  covered  with  blood 
at  the  close  of  the  fight,  is  still  pointed  out  and 
known  as  Leac  na  falla1  (the  flag-stone  of  blood). 
As  soon  as  the  victory  was  decided,  Duncan, 
who  received  the  hearty  thanks  of  the  Macdonalds, 
went  in  search  of  his  companion,  John  Og,  and, 
when  he  found  him,  they  resumed  and  continued 
their   homeward  journey  as   if  nothing   had    hap- 

1  The  fight  at   Leac  ua  falla  has  been  powerfully  depicted   ou   canvas 
by  the  well-known  Highland  artist,  Mr  Lockhart  Bogle. 


pened.  Both  had  the  good  fortune  to  escape 
without  hurt  or  wound.  Such  were  the  stern 
amusements  in  which  our  bold  Highland  forefathers 
took  most  delight. 

In  his  youth  Duncan  took  a  prominent  part  in 
the  great  Glengarry  feud.  On  one  occasion,  during 
the  temporary  absence  of  Kenneth,  Lord  Kintail, 
in  Mull,  Angus  Og,  son  and  heir  of  Macdonald  of 
Glengarry,  and  one  of  the  bravest  and  most  daring 
of  all  his  warriors,  made  a  raid  on  Lochcarron  in 
November,  about  1602,  and  put  to  death  as  many 
of  Kintail' s  supporters — men,  women,  and  children 
— as  he  could  lay  hold  of,  seized  the  cattle  and 
drove  them  to  Slumbay  on  the  north  coast  of 
Lochcarron,  where  his  followers  had  left  their  boats. 
Meantime  news  of  the  raid  reached  Kintail,  and  a 
number  of  men  immediately  set  out  for  Lochcarron, 
but  before  they  arrived  Angus  Og  had  already  put 
out  to  sea,  and  was  beyond  reach  even  of  their 
arrows.  The  Kintail  men  now  returned  to  Ellan- 
donan,  but  a  few  of  the  swiftest  runners  among 
them  took  the  shortest  cut  to  Inverinate,  where 
they  launched  a  newly-built  twelve-oared  galley 
belonging  to  Duncan's  father,  and  proceeded  with 
all  speed  to  Ellandonan,  their  plan  being,  if  possible, 
to  intercept  Angus  Og  before  he  could  pass  through 
Kylerea.  At  Ellandonan  they  found  Kintaii's  lady 
superintending  preparations  for  the  expedition. 
The  galley  was  quickly  manned  by  eighteen  of  the 
best  and  the  bravest  men  available,  besides  the 
rowers,  and  placed  under  the  command  of  Duncan. 
They  had  also  a  small  boat  to  attend  on  them,  and 


on  board  the  galley  they  had  two  small  brass 
cannons  and  some  ammunition,  which  the  lady  served 
out  with  her  own  hands,  and  before  they  started 
she  gave  them  an  eloquent  exhortation  to  play  their 
part  bravely,  and  to  maintain  the  honour  of  their 
clan  and  their  absent  Chief  like  good  and  true  men. 
She  then  mounted  the  Castle  wall  and  watched 
them  as  they  sailed  away  under  cover  of  the  fast 
gathering  shades  of  the  winter  night. 

They  had  not  gone  far  when  they  met  a  boat 
coming  to  tell  them  that  the  Macdonalds  were  at 
Kyleakin,  apparently  waiting  for  the  turn  of  the 
tide  to  help  them  through  Kylerea,  where  the  tidal 
current  is  usually  so  strong  that  a  boat  can  make 
little  headway  against  it.  Shortly  afterwards  there 
passed  by  the  Kintail  men,  without  observing  them, 
a  small  boat  which  they  concluded  to  have  been 
sent  on  by  the  Macdonalds  to  see  whether  Kylerea 
was  clear.  They  allowed  this  boat  to  pass  un- 
challenged lest  any  alarm  should  be  raised.  It  was 
a  calm  moonlight  night,  with  a  covering  of  snow  on 
the  ground,  which  added  to  the  light  and  made  it 
easy  to  sail  about  even  in  narrow  waters.  The 
Kintail  men,  therefore,  decided  to  direct  their  course 
at  once  towards  the  fleet  of  the  Macdonalds,  and 
having  filled  their  row-locks  with  seaweed  to  pre- 
vent the  pulsing  noise  of  their  oars,  they  steered 
towards  Kyleakin.  As  they  approached  the  Cail- 
leach  Rock,  which  lies  off  the  coast  of  Skye,  and  not 
far  from  the  Lochalsh  end  of  Kylerea,  they  observed 
the  first  of  Macdouald's  galleys  drawing  near.  They 
soon  discovered  that  this   was  Angus    Og's   great 


thirty-two  oared  galley,  sailing  some  distance  ahead 
of  the  rest  of  his  fleet  with  "  his  best  men  and 
gentlemen  "  on  board.  Upon  observing  the  Kintail 
galley,  which  was  quickly  approaching  him,  Angus 
challenged  it  two  or  three  times,  but  the  only  answer 
he  received  was  a  broadside  from  the  brass  cannon, 
which,  breaking  some  of  the  oars,  disabled  his  galley 
and  threw  it  on  the  Cailleach  Rock.  His  men,  think- 
ing they  were  driven  ashore,  crowded  on  to  the  rock. 
When  they  discovered  their  mistake,  and  found  a 
stretch  of  water  lying  between  them  and  the  main- 
land, they  became  completely  confused  and  fell  easy 
victims  to  their  assailants.  Some  of  them  at- 
tempted to  escape  by  swimming,  but  they  no  sooner 
reached  the  shore  than  they  were  dispatched  by 
men  whom  Duncan  landed  by  the  little  boat  for 
that  purpose.  Angus  had  about  sixty  men  on 
board  his  galley,  every  one  of  whom  was  either 
killed  or  drowned.  He  himself  was  taken  on  board 
the  Kintail  boat  alive,  but  was  mortally  wounded  in 
the  head  and  in  the  body,  and  died  before  the 
morning.  The  remainder  of  his  fleet,  to  the  number 
of  about  twenty  galleys,  hearing  the  sudden  uproar 
and  firing  at  the  Cailleach  Rock,  turned  back  in 
confusion,  and  landing  on  the  coast  of  Skye  they 
made  their  way  to  Sleat,  and  thence  crossed  to  the 
Mainland.  "  At  this  skirmish  or  little  sea  fight," 
says  the  Rev.  John  Macrae  in  his  history  of  the 
Mackenzies,  "  not  one  drop  of  blood  was  shed  of  the 
Kintail  men's,  except  of  one  called  John  Gauld  Mac 
Fhionnla  Dhuibh  (John  the  Stranger,  son  of  Black 
Finlay),  whose  dirk,  being  sli}3pery  with  blood,  ran 


through  his  fist  and  cut  his  four  ringers.  Certainly 
their  skill  and  dexterity  in  that  expedition  and 
their  unexpected  victory  and  success  ought  not  to 
be  ascribed  to  them,  but  to  God,  whose  vengeance 
justly  followed  those  persons  for  their  bloody 
murders  of  men,  women,  and  children,  and  who  can 
make  any  instrument  prove  powerful  and  effectual 
to  bring  His  own  purpose  to  pass." 

Meantime  Lady  Mackenzie  was  anxiously  wait- 
ing at  Ellandonan  for  the  result  of  the  expedition. 
She  heard  the  tiring  of  the  cannon  in  the  night,  and 
from  this  she  concluded  that  an  engagement  had 
taken  place.  At  daybreak  she  saw  her  protectors 
returning,  leading  Angus  Og's  great  galley  along  with 
them.  She  rushed  down  to  the  shore  to  salute  them, 
and  when  she  inquired  if  everything  had  gone  well 
with  them,  Duncan  replied,  "  Yes,  madam,  and  we 
have  brought  you,  without  the  loss  of  a  single  man, 
a  new  guest  whom  we  hope  is  welcome  to  you." 
On  looking  into  the  galley  she  at  once  recognised 
the  body  of  Angus  Og  of  Glengarry,  and  immedi- 
ately gave  orders  that  it  should  be  properly  attended 
to.  On  the  following  day  Angus  Og  was  buried  in 
a  manner  suitable  to  his  rank  at  Kilduich,  in  the 
same  grave  as  some  of  Lady  Mackenzie's  own 
children.  The  common  tradition  in  Kintail  used 
to  be  that  he  was  buried  in  the  doorway  of  the 
church  at  Kilduich,  but  in  a  MS.  history  of  the 
Mackenzies,  written  about  the  middle  of  the  seven- 
teenth   century,1    and    which    may  be   regarded  as 

l  This   MS.,  which  is  frequently  quoted   in  Mackenzie's  History  of   the 

Mackenzies  as  the  "  Ancient  MS.,"  together  with  llev.  John  Macrae's  History 


conclusive  on  this  point,  the  writer  tells  us  that 
to  say  he  was  buried  in  the  church  door  is  a 
"  malicious  lie,"  because  he  himself  had  seen  "  the 
head  raised  out  of  the  same  grave  and  returned 
again,  wherein  there  were  too  small  cuts,  noways 

Duncan,  like  his  father,  appears  to  have  engaged 
in  cattle  dealing,  and  from  the  record  of  a  meeting 
of  the  Privy  Council  held  in  Edinburgh  on  the 
11th  December,  1600,  it  appears  that  at  the  Fair 
of  Elcyht  (Alyth?),  on  the  1st  of  November,  1599, 
he  was  robbed  by  a  certain  Oliver  Ogilvy  and 
others  of  twenty-six  cows  and  four  hundred  silver 
marks.  Duncan  died  without  male  issue,  but  left 
several  daughters. 

2.  The  Eev.  Farquhar,  second  son  of  Chris- 
topher, will  be  mentioned  hereafter. 

3.  The  Rev.  John,  third  son  of  Christopher 
VI.,  was  "a  man  of  an  able  and  strong  body,  a 
sharp  and  sagacious  mind,  and  somewhat  more 
curious  in  his  learning  than  his  elder  brother,  Mr 
Farcpihar."  Mr  John  was  governor  or  tutor  to 
Colin  Mackenzie,  first  Earl  of  Seaforth,  at  the  Uni- 
versity of  Edinburgh,  and  appears  to  have  gained 
a  great  influence  over  his  pupil,  whose  "  early  and 
unexpected  death  (in  1633)  did  so  dispirit  him  that 
he  afterwards  lived  in  the  Highlands  more  obscurely 
than  was  expected  of  him."  He  also  studied  medicine, 
and  left  behind  him  a  great  reputation  among  his 

of   the  Mackenzie.?,  which   is  known   as  the  Ardintoul  MS.,  form  the  chief 
authorities  for  this  account  of  the  death  of  Angus  Og. 


own  countrymen  for  his  skill  as  a  physician.  He 
was  married  to  a  daughter  of  Dugald  Matheson  of 
Balmacarra,  and  lived  to  a  great  age.  He  left 
three  sons — Christopher,  Donald,  and  Duncan.  The 
following  extract,  from  the  Rev.  John  Macrae's 
history,  is  interesting  as  showing  what  an  expen- 
sive luxury  tohacco  was  in  the  days  of  Mr  John  : — 
"  I  remember  that  after  Mr  John's  death,  when  his 
friends  were  examining  his  papers,  there  was  among 
them  a  letter  directed  to  him  at  Edinburgh  from 
Alexander  Mackenzie,  the  first  of  the  family  of 
Kilcoy,  and  son  of  Colin  Cam,  XI.  of  Kintail, 
telling  he  had  received  the  pound  of  tobacco  sent 
him,  and  blaming  Mr  John  for  not  sending  him 
more  of  it,  as  he  got  it  so  cheap  as  twenty  pounds 
Scots  the  pound,"  that  is  £1  13s  4d  sterling.  It 
need  hardly  be  added  that  this  sum  meant  much 
more  then  than  it  does  now. 

4.  FlNLAY,  fourth  son  of  Christopher  VI.,  and 
VII.  from  Finlay  Dubh  Mac  Gille  Chriosd,  is  said 
to  have  been  a  handsome  man,  and  of  good  ability 
according  to  the  education  he  received.  He  was 
frugal  and  industrious,  and  left  considerable  means 
to  his  children.  He  did  not  live  long,  but  left 
four  sons,  the  eldest  of  whom  was 

(viii.)  Donald,  called  Domhnull  Dubh.  He  is 
spoken  of  as  an  able,  strong  man,  of  good  sense, 
and  well  to  live.  He  had  five  sons  and  three 
daughters — 

(1.)  Christopher,  "a  well-humoured,  free-hearted 
gentleman,"  died  young  and  without  issue. 

(2.)  Donald,  mentioned  below, 


(3.)    FlNLAY. 

(4.)  Duncan. 

(5.)  Farquhar. 

(6.)  A  daughter,  who  married  Alexander  Macrae 
of  Achyark,  son  of  Alexander  of  Inverinate. 

(7.)  Margaret,  who  married  Farquhar,  son  of 
Alexander  of  Inverinate. 

(8.)  A  daughter,  who  married  Alexander,  brother- 
german  of  Murdoch  Mackenzie  of  Fairburn. 

(ix.)  Donald,  son  of  Donald  Dubh,  was  called 
Donald  Og  (Donald  the  Younger).  He  is  said  to 
have  been  well  known  in  the  North,  and  in  many- 
parts  of  the  South,  for  an  "affable,  generous  gentle- 
man." He  was  endowed  with  great  natural  parts 
and  ready  wit,  and  though  he  got  little  education, 
he  was  Chamberlain  of  Kintail  for  several  years, 
and  discharged  the  duties  of  the  post  with  exact- 
ness and  success.  He  married,  first,  Anne,  daughter 
of  Alexander  Macrae  of  Inverinate,  who  died  within 
a  year  of  her  marriage,  without  issue.  He  married, 
secondly,  Isabel,  daughter  of  John  Grant  of  Corri- 
mony,  by  whom  he  had  several  sons  and  daughters, 
though  the  names  of  only  three  are  recorded — 

(1.)  Alexander,  for  whom  he  made  liberal  pro- 

(2.)  The  Rev.  Finlay,  mentioned  below. 

(3.)  The  Rev.  Duncan,  who  was  a  youth  of  great 
promise,  and  an  eloquent  preacher.  He  was  edu- 
cated at  Aberdeen,  and  was  tutor  in  the  family  of 
Mackenzie  of  Findon,  where  he  died  in  November, 
1690.     He  was  buried  in  Dingwall. 

(x.)  The  Rev.  Finlay,  second  son  of  Donald  Og, 


was  educated  at  St  Leonard's  College,  St  Andrews, 
and  obtained  his  degree    on  the    24th  July,   1679. 
He  officiated  for  a  time  in  the  Island  of  Cumbray, 
in  the    Firth  of  Clyde,  which    he  left  at  the  time 
of  the   Revolution    in    1G88.     He    was    afterwards 
presented    to  the    parish   of  Lochalsh    by  Frances, 
Countess    of    Seaforth,  in    1G95.     Being   a    strong 
Jacobite    and  Episcopalian,  he  refused  to   conform 
to  Presbytery,  or  to  take  the  prescribed  oaths,  and 
was  consequently  looked    upon    as  an    intruder  by 
the  Presbyterians.     In  1715  he  strongly  urged  his 
parishioners  to  take  up  arms  on  behalf  of  the  House 
of  Stuart,  under  William,  Earl  of  Seaforth,  and   it 
was,  no  doubt,  to  some  extent  owing  to  his   influ- 
ence that  so  many  of  the  men  of  Lochalsh  joined 
in  that  rising.     His  sympathy  with  the  House  of 
Stuart  cost    him  his    parish,  of   which  he  was  de- 
prived on    the    21st    September,   1716.     The    Rev.  , 
Finlay  is  said  to  have  been  "a  great  philosopher 
and    divine,  a    clear  preacher,  of  ministerial    and 
dignified  appearance,  and  much  given  to  hospitality 
and  charity."     He  married    Margaret,  daughter  of 
Duncan  Macrae  of  Inverinate,  with  issue,  and  died 
not  later  than   1728,  as  his  son,  John,  was  served 
heir  on  the  15th  October  of  that  year.     So  far  as 
it  can  now  be    traced,  the    succession  of  the  Rev. 
Finlay  is  as  follows — 

(1.)  John,  mentioned  below. 
(2.)  Hector,  who  was  tacksman  of  Ardelve,  and 
was  alive  in  1761,  as  he  is  said  to  have  been  tutor 
or   guardian    to    the    family    of  John    Macrae    of 
Conchra,  who  died  in  that  year. 


(3.)  Donald,  called  Donald  Bane,  married  Bar- 
bara Macrae,  widow  of  John,  son  of  the  Rev. 
Donald  Macrae  of  Kintail,  with  issue — 

(a.)  Finlay,  called  Finlay  Fadoch,  a  well-known 
schoolmaster  in  Fadoch,  and  afterwards  in  Ardelve, 
about  the  close  of  the  last  and  beginning  of  the 
present  century.  He  afterwards  went,  when  a 
very  old  man,  to  America.  He  married  a  daughter 
of  John  Macrae  (Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh),  the  Kin- 
tail  poet,  and  had  issue — («1)  Duncan,  born  1803  ; 
(«2)  Anne,  who  married  Duncan  Macrae,  Drudaig, 
and  went  to  America  ;  («3)  Barbara,  who  married 
Kenneth  Mackenzie,  Lochcarron,  with  issue — Ken- 
neth, Malcolm,  and  Thomas. 

(b.)  Jane,  who  married  Murdoch  Macrae,  who 
had  a  son,  Malcolm,  who  married  Janet  Macrae 
and  had  a  son,  John,  now  living  at  Dornie,  and  a 
daughter,  Isabella,  married  to  Roderick  Matheson  at 
Totaig  Ferry. 

(4.)  Marion,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Finlay,  married 
John  Matheson,  and  had,  with  other  issue,  a  son, 

(a.)  Alexander,  who  was  for  some  years  tenant  of 
Reraig,  in  Lochalsh,  and  afterwards  merchant  and 
schoolmaster  at  Dornie.  He  married  Catherine 
Matheson  of  the  Bennetsfield  family,  and  had  with 
other  issue — 

(al.)  John,  who  married  Isabella,  daughter  of 
Donald  Macrae,  and  had  a  large  family,  of  whom 
are  Alexander  Matheson,  shipowner,  and  Betsie 
Matheson,  shopkeeper,  both  living  at  Dornie. 

(a2.)  Farquhar,  who  married  Isabella,  daughter 
of  Kenneth   Mackenzie,  Kishorn,  of  the  Applecross 


family,  and  had  a  large  family,  one  of  whom  is 
Kenneth  Matheson,  merchant,  Salen,  in  Argyllshire, 
who  is  married,  with  issue.  Another  is  the  well- 
known  Dr  Farquhar  Matheson,  of  London.  After 
studying  at  the  Universities  of  Glasgow  and  Aber- 
deen, and  graduating  in  medicine,  Dr  Farquhar 
Matheson  went  as  a  young  man  to  London,  where 
he  has  risen  to  eminence  in  his  profession,  and  is 
particularly  recognised  as  an  experienced  and  skil- 
ful specialist  in  diseases  of  the  ear,  nose,  and  throat. 
He  is  one  of  the  surgeons  to  the  Royal  Ear  and 
Throat  Hospital,  London.  For  many  years  he  has 
been  one  of  the  best  known  and  most  influential 
Highlanders  in  London,  and  is  at  the  present  time 
(1896)  President  of  the  Gaelic  Society  of  London, 
Joint  Secretary  of  the  Highland  Society,  Governor 
and  Surgeon  to  the  Royal  Scottish  Hospital,  a 
Justice  of  the  Peace  for  the  County  of  London,  and 
a  Fellow  of  several  learned  and  scientific  Societies. 
Dr  Matheson  is  married  and  has  issue,  two  daugh- 
ters, Isabel  and  Barbara,  and  a  son,  Farquhar,  at 
present  a  student  of  Cambridge  University. 

(a3).  Margaret  married  Farquhar  Matheson,  and 
had,  with  other  issue,  a  daughter,  Margaret,  who 
married  Duncan  Matheson,  innkeeper,  Dornie,  and 
had  issue  : — Donald,  now  living  in  Glasgow,  married 
Christina  Macpherson,  with  issue  ;  Farquhar,  now 
living  at  Dornie,  married  Jane  Macrae  (Auchtertyre 
family) ;  Mary  married  Andrew  Ross ;  Margaret 
married  Farquhar  Macrae  now  living  at  Inversheil.1 

1  This  statement  of  the  descendants  of  Marion,  daughter  of  the  Rev. 
Finlay  Macrae,  is  taken  from  a  full  and  interesting  account  of  her  descendants, 
given  to  the  author  by  the  above-mentioned  Miss  Betsie  Matheson  of  Dornie, 
in  August,  1896. 


(5).  Isabel,  who  married  Duncan,  son  of  Alex- 
ander Macrae  of  Conchra,  with  issue. 

(xi).  John,  eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  Finlay,  was 
served  heir  on  the  15th  October,  1728.  Tradition 
says  he  was  one  of  the  best  swordsmen  of  his 
time  in  the  Highlands,1  and  he  appears  to  have  been 
a  man  of  mark  in  his  own  country.     He  had  a  son — 

(1).  Alexander,  who  married,  as  his  first  wife, 
Isabella  Macrae,  and  had  issue, 

(a).  Hector  married  Anne  Macrae,  with  issue  ; 
Alexander,  now  a  blacksmith  at  Bundalloch,  married 
with  issue;  and  John,  who  died  about  1890,  leaving 

(b).  Isabella. 

Alexander,  son  of  John,  son  of  the  Rev.  Finlay, 
married,  as  his  second  wife,  Kate  Macrae,  and  had 

(c).  Duncan,  who  married  Flora,  daughter  of  John 
Macrae  by  his  wife,  Catherine,  daughter  of  John 
Og,  son  of  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  of  Kintail,  and 
by  her  had  issue— (cl)  John,  married  with  issue,  in 
America ;  (c2)  Alexander,  who  died  unmarried ; 
(c3)  Donald,  now  living  at  Fadoch,  married  a 
daughter  of  the  late  Alexander  Macrae,  commonly 
known  as  Alister  Mor  na  Pait  (Big  Alexander  of 
Patt),  and  has  issue  : — Duncan,  Helen,  Alexander, 
John,  now  living  in  London,  and  by  whom  this 
statement  of  the  descendants  of  his  grandfather, 
Duncan,  was  given  to  the  author  in  November,  1896. 
Catherine,  Duncan,  Farquhar,  James,  Donald, 
Flora ;  (c4)  Anne,  married  with  issue,  in  America ; 

1  See  chapter  on  legends  and  traditions  of  the  clan. 


(c5)  Isabella ;  (c6)  Flora ;  (c7)  Helen,  married  in 
Strathglass  ;  (c8)  Catherine,  married  Donald  Mac- 
donald,  with  issue — 

(d).  John;  (e).  Farquhar,  married  with  issue,  and 
went  to  America  ;  ( f).  Mary  ;  (g).  Catherine  ;  (h). 

5.  Maurice,  fifth  son  of  Christopher  VI.,  is 
said  to  have  been  a  strong  and  industrious  man, 
who  loved  Kintail  better  than  any  other  place. 
He  had  advantageous  oilers  from  Earl  Colin  to  go 
to  Kinlochewe  ;  but  he  would  not  go,  and  the  Earl, 
appreciating  his  devotion  to  his  native  place,  gave 
him  his  choice  of  a  tack  in  it.  He  was  a  man  of 
means,  and  gave  money  to  the  Laird  of  Chisholm, 
for  which  he  and  his  successors  had  grazing  in  Glen 
Affric  till  the  principal  was  paid.  Maurice  was 
drowned  in  Strathglass  on  his  way  home  from 
Inverness,  and  was  buried  in  Kintail.  He  left 

G.  Christopher,  sixth  son  of  Christopher  VI., 
was  called  Christopher  Og.  He  left  sons  and 

7.  Donald,  seventh  son  of  Christopher  VI.,  was 
called  Domhnull  na  Smurich,1  or  Domhnull  Beg. 
He  was  of  short  stature,  "  but  so  remarkable  for 
strength  and  nimbleness  that  few  would  venture 
to  compete  with  him,  since  all  that  did  were  worsted 
in  such  exercises  as  required  strength  and  dexterity. 
He  was  a  great  drover,  lived  well  but  not  long,  and 
left  no  male  issue." 

1  Smurich,  genitive  of  smuracli,  which  means  dross  or  dust. 



VII.  Rev.  Farquliar  Macrae. — Birth. — Education. — Scholarship. — 
Chosen  to  be  one  of  the  Regents  of  Edinburgh  University. — 
Appointment  opposed  by  Lord  Kintail. — Headmaster  of  Fort- 
rose  Grammar  School. — Admitted  to  Holy  Orders. — Appointed 
Vicar  of  Gairloch. — Ironworks  in  Gairloch. — Sir  George  Hay 
aud  Mr  Farquhar. — Sir  George  appointed  High  Chancellor 
of  Scotland,  and  created  Earl  of  Kinnoull. — His  subsequent 
Career  and  Death. — His  Offers  to  Mr  Farquhar. — Mr  Farquhar 
persuaded  by  the  "Tutor  of  Kintail  "  to  decline  them. — Mr 
Farquhar  visits  Lews. — Death  of  Lord  Kintail. — Mr  Farquhar 
appointed  Vicar  of  Kintail  and  Constable  of  Ellandonan 
Castle. — Earl  Colin's  periodical  visits  to  Kintail. — Wadsets  to 
Mr  Farquhar  and  his  Sons. — Earl  Kenneth  receives  his  Early 
Education  from  Mr  Farquhar. — Complaints  made  to  the 
Bishop  of  Mr  Farquhar's  worldliness. — Preaches  before  the 
Bishop. — Complaints  dismissed. — Leaves  Ellandonan  Castle.— 
General  Monk's  Visit  to  Kintail. — The  Rev.  Donald  Macrae 
appointed  to  Kintail  as  Assistant  to  his  Father. — Social  cir- 
cumstances of  Kintail  in  Mr  Farquhar's  time. — His  Marriage 
and  Family. — His  Death. 

son  of  Christopher  (VI.),  was  born  at  Ellandonan 
Castle  in  1580.  He  was  a  delicate  child,  but  grew 
up  to  be  a  man  of  good  physique  and  great  bodily 
strength.  His  father,  perceiving  that  he  possessed 
good  ability  and  a  talent  for  learning,  sent  him  to 
school  at  Perth,  where  he  remained  for  four  or  five 
years,  and  became  very  proficient  in  Latin.     Some 


of  his  exercises  and  discourses  in  that  language  are 
mentioned  as  being  still  preserved  in  the  year  1704. 
From  Perth  he  proceeded  to  the  University  of 
Edinburgh,  where  he  studied  under  James  Reid, 
one  of  the  Regents  or  Professors  of  the  University, 
and  soon  surpassed  all  his  fellow  students  in  the . 
study  both .  of  classics  and  of  philosophy.  His ' 
repute  for  learning  and  scholarship  was  so  great  at 
the  University  that  he  was  unanimously  chosen  in 
1603  to  succeed  James  '  Reid  as  Regent,  but 
Kenneth,  Lord  Kintail,'  who  was  in  Edinburgh  at 
the  time,  earnestly  opposed  the  appointment,  as  he 
was  anxious  to  secure  Mr  Farquhar's  services  for  his 
own  people  in  the  Highlands.  Mr  Farquhar  himself 
was  not  anxious  to  accept  the  appointment  either, 
as  his  great  desire  was  to  become  a  preacher  of  the 
Gospel,  and  ..with' a  view  to  that  calling  he  had. 
already  studied  divinity  at  the  University.  He 
therefore  fell  in  readily  with  Lord  Kintail's  pro- 
posal, and  about. this  time  left  the  University  to  fill- 
the  post  of  headmaster  of  the  Fort  rose  Grammar 
School,  which  then  enjoyed  a  great  reputation  in  the 
North,  and  where  he  remained  for  about  fifteen 
months.  He  appears  to  have  passed  his  "  trials  "  or 
examinations  for  the  Church  while  he  was  at  Fort- 
rose,  and  having  been  admitted  to  Holy  Orders  he 
very  soon  acquired  celebrity  as  a  "  sound,  learned, 
eloquent,  and  grave  preacher." 

About  this  time  some  ironworks1  were  commenced 
at  Letterewe,  on  Loch  Maree,  in  the  parish  of  Gair- 

l  For  an  interesting  account  of  the  historic  ironworks,  not  only  in 
Gairloch  but  in  other  parts  of  the  Highlands,  see  J.  M.  Dixon's  Qairloch,  (.age 
75,  &c.  -■--.-. 


loch,  by  Sir  George  Hay,  who  afterwards  figured 
prominently  in  Scottish  history  as  the  Earl  of  Kin- 
noull  and  High  Chancellor  of  Scotland.  Sir  George 
introduced  a  colony  of  Englishmen  to  carry  on  the . 
works.  It  therefore  became  necessary  to  provide 
for  that  parish  a  clergyman  who  could  preach  well 
in  English,  and  Bishop  David  Lindesay,  who  then 
held  the  diocese  of  Ross,  selected  the  young  Mr 
Farquhar  as  the  most  suitable  man  at  his  disposal. 
He  was  accordingly  appointed  Vicar  of  Gairloch  in 
1608,  and  continued  to  hold  that  office  until  1618. 
We  read,  however,  that  another  Vicar,  the  Rev. 
Farquhar  Mackenzie,  was  admitted  to  the  parish  of 
Gairloch  about  the  year  1614.  The  probability  is 
that  the  two  clergymen  shared  the  work  of  the 
extensive  parish  between  them,  and  that  the  Rev. 
Farquhar  Macrae  restricted  his  ministrations  to  the 
English-speaking  ironworkers,  and  to  the  part  of 
the  parish  which  lies  to  the  north  of  Loch  Maree, 
and  which  was  then  regarded  as  part  of  the  parish 
of  Lochbroom.  Mr  Farquhar's  ministrations  gave 
great  satisfaction,  not  only  to  the  native  people  of 
Gairloch,  but  also  to  the  ironworkers,  and  more 
especially  to  Sir  George  Hay  himself,  who  found 
great  pleasure  in  his  society,  and  became  much 
attached  to  him.  Sir  George  was  a  learned  lawyer 
and  a  man  of  science,  and  probably  did  not  find  the 
contemporary  Laird  of  Gairloch — John  Roy  Mac- 
kenzie1— such  congenial  company  as  the  scholarly 
and  cultured  Vicar.     John  Roy  does  not  appear  to 

l  John  Roy  Mackenzie  was  Laird  of  Gairloch  from  1566  to  1628.  He  was 
a  warrior  of  renown,  anrl  among  his  bravest  followers  were  some  of  the 
Macraes  of  Kiutail.     See  chapter  on  the  legends  and  traditions  of  the  ckui. 


Lave  been  a  very  loyal  supporter  of  the  Church,  for 
in  1612  we  find  Mr  Farquhar  raising  an  action, 
against  him  for  payment  of  the  teiuds  or  tithes. 
The  action  went  on  for  several  years,  and  was  won 
by  Mr  Farquhar,  who,  in  1616,  let  the  tithes  of 
Gairloch  to  Alexander  Mackenzie,  Fiar  of  Gairloch, 
for  the  yearly  sum  of  £80  Scots.1  Mr  Farquhar 
lived  at  Ardlair,  which  is  only  about  four  miles  from 
Letterewe,2  where  Sir  George  lived,  and  as  there 
were  probably  very  few  men  of  scholarly  and  scien- 
tific tastes  in  Gairloch  in  those  days,  Sir  George  and 
Mr  Farquhar  were,  no  doubt,  a  good  deal  in  one 
another's  company.  There  is  a  large  and  prominent 
rock  of  a  peculiar  shape  at  Ardlair  called  the 
"  Minister's  stone,"  which  is  still  pointed  out  as  one 
of  the  places  where  Mr  Farquhar  used  to  preach, 
both  in  Gaelic  and  in  English.3 

About  1616  Sir  George  Hay  left  Letterewe  for 
the  south,  in  1622  he  was  appointed  High  Chancel- 
lor of  Scotland,  and  was  afterwards  created  Earl  of 
Kinuoull.  His  subsequent  career  was  one  of  great 
distinction  and  usefulness  until  his  death  in  1634, 
at  the  age  of  sixty-two.  So  much  was  Sir  George 
attached  to  Mr  Farquhar,  that  when  he  was  leaving 
Letterewe  he  strongly  urged  him  to  leave  Gairloch 
and  seek  a  wider  field  for  his  talents  in  the  south. 
Sir  George  offered  him  a  choice  of  several  parishes 
which  were  in  his  own  patronage.      He  also  promised 

1  Mackenzie's  History  of  the   Maekenzies,  New  Edition,  pages   415-416. 

2  Both  Ardlair  and  Letterewe  are  situated  on  the  Nurth-East  Coast  of 
Loch  Maree. 

3  There  iR  an  illustration  of  this  stone  in  Mr  .1.  H.  Dixon's  hook  on  Gair- 
loch (page  81),  which  also  contains  several  interesting  and  appreciative 
references  to  Mr  Farquhar.  .  . 


him  a  yearly  pension,  and  undertook  to  get  him 
ecclesiastical  promotion.  Mr  Farquhar  decided  to 
accept  this  liberal  offer,  and  to  accompany  Sir  George 
to  the  south,  and  considering  his  own  ability  and  the 
great  influence  of  his  patron,  it  is  quite  possible  that 
if  he  had  done  so  his  career  in  the  Church  would 
have  been  a  very  successful  and  distinguished  one. 
But  Colin,  Lord  Kintail,  or  more  probably  his  uncle 
Roderick,  the  celebrated  "  Tutor  of  Kintail  " — for 
Colin  was  then  a  minor — interposed,  as  Lord  Kenneth 
had  done  in  Edinburgh,  being  resolved  at  whatever 
cost  to  retain  Mr  Farquhar's  services  for  his  own 
people,  and  promising  him  the  vicarage  of  Kintail 
in  succession  to  the  occupying  incumbent,  the  Rev. 
Murdoch  Murchison,  Mr  Farquhar's  uncle,1  who 
at  this  time  must  have  been  well  advanced  in  years. 
Mr  Farquhar  once  more  sacrificed  bright  and 
promising  prospects  out  of  a  sense  of  loyalty  to  the 
House  of  Kintail,  and  remained  in  Gairloch. 

It  was  during  Mr  Farquhar's  incumbency  of  Gair- 
loch that  Kenneth,  Lord  Kintail,  finally  brought  the 
island  of  Lews  under  his  rule.     In  1610  his  lordship 

1  It  would  appear  from  Fasti  Ecclesue  ScoticaruB  that  Mr  Farquhar 
succeeded  his  grandfather  as  Constable  of  Ellandonan  and  Vicar  of  Kintail, 
as  it  is  there  stated  that  Christopher  Macrae,  that  is  Mr  Farquhar's  father, 
married  a  daughter  of  Murdoch  Murchison,  Constable  of  Ellandonan  and 
Vicar  of  Kintail,  Mr  Farquhar's  predecessor,  who  would  thus  be  also  his 
grandfather;  but  according  to  the  Rev.  John  Macrae,  Mr  Farquhar  succeeded 
his  uncle  in  the  Vicarage  of  Kintail.  There  are  three  men  of  the  name 
Murchison  mentioned  in  connection  witli  Kintail  during  this  period  : — (1) 
John  Murchison,  called  John  Mac  Mhurchaidh  Dhuibh  (John,  the  son  of  Black 
Murdoch),  Priest  of  Kintail,  who  was  made  Constable  of  Ellandonan,  in 
succession  to  John  Dubh  Matheson,  who  was  killed  by  Donald  Gorm  in  1539  ; 
(2)  John  Murchison,  who  was  Reader  of  Kintail  from  1574  to  1614  (the 
Reader  was  a  man  appointed  to  read  the  Scriptures  and  the  new  Protestant 
Service  Book  of  this   period)  ;    (3)  Murdoch  Murchison,  who  was   Yicar  of 


visited  the  island,  and  with  a  view  to  revive  the 
religious  life  of  the  people,  which  was  then  at  a  very 
low  ebb,  he  took  Mr  Farquhar  along  with  him.  The 
state  of  matters  in  Lews  may  be  imagined  from  the 
fact  that  for  forty  years  previous  to  Mr  Farquhar's 
visit  no  one  appears  to  have  been  baptised  or  married 
in  the  island.  The  people  had  practically  lapsed  into  . 
heathenism,  but  Mr  Farquhar's  visit  worked  a  change 
and  his  mission  proved  thoroughly  successful.  Large 
numbers  of  the  people  were  baptised,1  some  of  them 
being  fifty  years  of  age,  and  many  men  and  women 
were  mairied  who  had  already  lived  together  for 
years.  The  success  of  this  mission  went  far  to  re- 
concile the  inhabitants  of  Lews  to  Lord  Kintail's 
rule,  to  which  they  all  the  more  cheerfully  and 
readily  submitted  upon  his  promising  that  he  would 
provide  for  the  permanent  settling  among  them  of 
such  another  man  as  Mr  Farquhar.  Having  suc- 
ceeded in  establishing  good  order  and  contentment 
in  the  island,  no  doubt  largely  by  the  aid  of  Mr 
Farquhar,  who  appears  to  have  remained  there  for 
some  time,  his  lordship,  who  was  seized  by  sudden 
illness,  returned  to  Fortrose,  where  he  died  shortly 

Lochalsh  from  1582  to  1614,  when  he  became  Vicar  of  Kintail,  until  his  death 
in  1618.  These  men  were  undoubtedly  members  of  the  same  family,  but  it  is 
not  clear  what  their  relationship  was  to  one  another.  From  an  examination  of 
the  dates  it  would  seem  probable  that  the  last  two  were  brothers,  and  the  sons 
of  the  first.  In  that  case,  if  Murdoch  was  Mi-  Far  juhir's  uncle,  as  he  almost 
certainly  was.  Mr  Farquhar's  mother  would  be  a  daughter,  not  of  the  Rev. 
Murdoch  Murchison,  as  stated  on  page  38  of  this  book,  but  of  John  Murchison, 
Priest  of  Kintail,  who  was  made  Constable  of  Ellandonan  in  1539. 

1  According  to  one  of  the  traditions  of  Kintail,  the  number  that  came  to 
be  baptised  by  Mr  Fanjuhar  was  so  great  that,  being  unable  to  take  them 
individually,  he  was  obliged  to  sprinkle  the  water  at  random  on  the  crowd  with 
a  heather  besom. 


afterwards,  in  1611,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son 
Colin,  who  was  subsequently  created  first  Earl  of 

In  1618  the  vicarage  of  Kintail  became  vacant 
by  the  death  of  the  Rev.  Murdoch  Murchison,  who 
was  also  Constable  of  Ellandonan  Castle,  and  Mr 
Farquhar  was  appointed  to  fill  both  offices.  The 
deed  by  which  those  appointments  were  conferred 
upon  him  was  drawn  up  at  Fortrose  in  that  year.1 
At  Ellandonan  Castle  he  lived  for  many  years  in 
"  an  opulent  and  flourishing  condition,  much  given 
to  hospitality  and  charity."  Colin,  Earl  of  Seaforth, 
lived  most  of  his  time  at  Fortrose,  but  made  period- 
ical visits  to  Ellandonan  in  "  great  state  and  very 
magnificently,"  Referring  to  these  visits,  the  Rev. 
John  Macrae,  of  Dingwall,  grandson  of  Mr  Farquhar, 
gays — "  I  have  heard  my  grandfather  say  that  Earl 
Colin  never  came  to  his  house  with  less  than  three 
and  sometimes  with  five  hundred  men.  The  Con- 
stable (of  Ellandonan)  was  bound  to  furnish  them 
victuals  for  the  first  two  meals,  till  my  lord's  officers 
were  acquainted  to  bring  in  his  own  customs." 
When  Earl  Colin  visited  his  West  Coast  estates  the 
lairds  and  gentlemen  of  the  neighbourhood  and  of 
the  Isles,  including  Maclean,  Clanranald,  Raasay, 
and  Mackinnon,  used  to  come  to  pay  him  their 
respects  at  Ellandonan  Castle,  where  they  feasted  in 
great  state,  and  consumed  "the  wine  and  other 
liquors"  that  were  brought  from  Fortrose  in  the 
Earl's  train.  When  these  lairds  and  gentlemen  left 
the  castle  Earl  Colin  called  together  all  the  principal 

1  The  Rev.  John  Macrae's  history  of  the  Macraes, 


men  of  Kintail,  Lochalsh,  and  Lochcarron,  who  went 
with  him  to  the  forest  of  Monar,  where  they  had  a 
great  hunt,  and  from  Monar  he  used  to  return  to 

Earl  Colin  died  at  Fortrose  in  1633,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  brother,  Earl  George,  who  con- 
firmed Mr  Farquhar  in  his  various  appointments 
and  offices,  and  renewed  his  wadset  rights  to  the 
lands  of  Uornie,  Inig,  Aryugan,  Drambuie,  and  other 
places  in  Kintail.  Not  only  did  Mr  Farquhar  secure 
these  rights  during  his  own  lifetime,  but  on  payment 
of  a  certain  sum  of  money  to  the  Earl  he  received 
an  extension  of  them  for  some  years  in  favour  of  his 
son,  the  Rev.  John  Macrae,  of  Dingwall,  while  the 
wadset  rights  of  Inverinate,  Dorisduan,  and  Let- 
terimmer,  which  appear  to  have  been  already  in  the 
family  for  some  generations,  were  confirmed  in  favour 
of  his  son  Alexander  on  payment  of  a  sum  of  six 
thousand  merks  Scots. 

When  Earl  George's  son  and  heir,  Kenneth,  who 
was  born  at  Brahan  Castle  in  1G35,  was  about  six 
years  of  age  his  father  placed  him  under  the  care  of 
Mr  Farquhar  of  Ellandonan,  where  the  sons  of 
neighbouring  gentlemen  were  brought  to  keep  him 
company.  Here  the  young  heir  remained  for  several 
years  without  suffering  any  disadvantage,  for  we 
read  that  under  the  wholesome  rather  than  delicate 
diet  prescribed  by  Mr  Farquhar,  he  began  to  have 
a  "  healthy  complexion,"  and  grew  up  so  strong  that 
he  was  able  to  endure  much  labour  and  fatigue, 
and  so  great  in  stature  that  he  became  known  as 
Coiuneach  Mor— big  Kenneth,     He  also  became  SO 


thoroughly  acquainted  with  the  language  and  cir- 
cumstances of  the  people,  that  he  was  considered, 
in  his  own  time,  to  he  the  best  chief  in  the  High- 
lands and  Islands  of  Scotland.  Nor  was  his  book 
learning  neglected,  for  when  he  was  taken  from 
Ellandonan  to  be  placed  in  a  public  school,  he  gave 
every  evidence,  not  only  of  ability,  but  of  good 
training  also.  He  entered  King's  College,  Aberdeen, 
in  1651,  but  the  troubles  of  the  Civil  War  prevented 
him  from  finishing  his  course,  which,  as  far  as  it 
went,  did  full  credit  to  Mr  Farquhar's  tuition. 

But  the  influence  and  prosperity  of  Mr  Farquhar 
excited  the  envy  and  jealousy  of  some  of  his  neigh- 
bours, who  made  complaint  to  Patrick  Lindesay, 
Bishop  of  Ross,  that  he  was  becoming  too  worldly 
and  was  neglecting  his  ministerial  duties.  Upon  re- 
ceiving these  complaints  the  Bishop  called  upon  Mr 
Farquhar  to  preach  before  the  next  provincial 
Assembly  of  the  Diocese  or  Synod.  The  Bishop  him- 
self preached  on  the  first  day  from  the  text,  "  Ye  are 
the  salt  of  the  earth."  It  was  Mr  Farquhar's  turn 
to  preach  the  second  day,  and  he  had  unfortunately 
chosen  the  same  text  as  the  Bishop.  Mr  Farquhar 
told  some  of  his  brother  clergymen  of  this  fact,  and 
it  eventually  came  to  the  ears  of  the  Bishop,  who 
sent  for  Mr  Farquhar  and  told  him  on  no  account  to 
change  his  text.  Mr  Farquhar  acquitted  himself  on 
this  occasion  with  such  eloquence  and  ability  that  it 
was  "  a  question  among  his  hearers  whether  the  High- 
land salt  or  Lowland  salt  savoured  best,"  and  the 
Bishop  himself  was  so  impressed  with  the  sermon 
that  he  not  only  dismissed  the  complaints  as  ground- 



less  but  received  Mr  Farquhar  into  special  favour. 
This  must  have  occurred  comparatively  early  in  Mr 
Farquhar's  incumbency  of  Kintail,  as  Bishop  Patrick 
Lindesay's  rule  of  the  Diocese  of  Ross  terminated  in 
1633    and  it  was  probably  some  time  before  that 
date ,  as  we  are  told  that  he  was  "  held  in  esteem  by 
the  Bishop  ever  after  "-a  phrase  which  would  seem 
to  imply  that  the   Bishop's    personal   acquaintance 
with    him    extended   over    several   years.       Bishop 
Patrick  Lindesay  was    succeeded    by    Bishop  John 
Maxwell,  who  invited  Mr  Farquhar  on  more  occasions 
than  one  to  preach  before  him.     His  brother  clergy- 
men were  always  greatly  pleased  with  his  perform- 
ances in  the  pulpit,  and  on  one  occasion  when  the 
Bishop  himself  was  asked  for  his  opinion,  he  declared 
Mr  Farquhar  to  be  "  a  man  of  great  gifts,  but  un- 
fortunately lost  in  the  Highlands,  and  pity  it  were 
his  lot  had  been  there."     Had  Mr  Farquhar  chosen 
to  carry  his  services  to  the  more  tempting  fields  ot 
work  afforded  by  the  large  towns  of  the  South,  no 
doubt  his  career  might  have  been  very  much  greater 
and  more  distinguished  from  a  worldly  point  of  view, 
but  the  memories  which  he  left  behind  him  in  Gair- 
loch,  and  more  especially  in  Lochalsh  and  Kintail, 
where  his  name  is  still  remembered  with  affection 
and  pride,  clearly  proves  that  his  talents  were  not 
lost  even  in  the  Highlands,  and  that  his  work  among 
the  people  bore  rich  fruit. 

In  1651,  Mr  Farquhar  left  Ellandonan  Castle 

after  a  residence  of  thirty-three  years,  under  cir- 
cumstances described  as  follows  by  the  Rev.  John 
Macrae  in  his  history  of  the  Mackenzie*  :-Aiter 


the  defeat  of  the  supporters  of  King  Charles  II.  at 
Dunbar,  on  the  3rd  September,  1650,  and  while  Earl 
George  was  absent  in  Holland,  we  find  his  son, 
Kenneth,  then  a  lad  of  about  sixteen,  raising  men  in 
Kintail  for  the  Royalist  service.  He  was  accom- 
panied by  his  two  uncles,  Thomas  Mackenzie  of 
Pluscardine  and  Simon  Mackenzie  of  Lochslin,1 
Roderick  Mackenzie  of  Dochmaluag,  and  others. 
For  some  reason  or  other,  not  explained,  Mr 
Farquhar  incurred  the  displeasure  of  Lochslin,  who 
was  acting  as  leader,  and  who  would  not  march  off 
with  the  men  until  Mr  Farquhar  was  removed  from 
Ellandonan  Castle.  Mr  Farquhar,  however,  "refused 
to  go  without  violence,  lest  his  going  voluntarily 
might  be  interpreted  as  an  abdication  of  his  right, 
a  yielding  to  the  reason  pretended  against  him,  and 
when  all  the  gentlemen  of  my  lord's  friends  there 
refused  to  put  hands  on  him,  and  the  young  laird 
(Kenneth),  his  foster,  refused  to  lay  his  commands 
on  them  to  remove  him,  Young  Tarbat,2  being  vexed 
for  delaying  the  march  of  the  men  for  the  King's 
service,  and  Lochslin  himself,  led  him  to  the  gates 
of  the  Castle,  and  then  Mr  Farquhar  told  them  he 
would  go  without  further  trouble  to  them,  for  he 
was  well  pleased  to  be  rid  of  the  Island,  because  it 
was  a  bad  habitation  for  a  man  of  his  age  and 
corpulency."     It  is  said,  also,  that  he  found  it  too 

1  Simon  Mackenzie  of  Lochslin  was  the  father  of  Sir  George  Mackenzie 
of  Rosehaugh,  Lord-Advocate  of  Scotland,  a  well-known  historian  and  lawyer, 
and  who,  in  consequence  of  his  severe  administration  of  the  law  against  the 
Covenanters,  has  sometimes  been  called  the  "  Bloody  Mackenzie." 

2  Young  Tarbat  was  George  Mackenzie,  afterwards  first  Earl  of  Cromartie, 
and  at  this  time  about  twenty  years  of  age. 


cold  for  his  old  age,  which  is  not  unlikely,  consider- 
ing the  exposed  nature  of  the   site   on  which    the 
castle  stood,  nor  is  it  unlikely  either  that  the  duties 
of  Constable  were  hecoming  too  heavy  for  a    man 
of    his    advanced    years.         The    question     of    Mr 
Farquhar's  expulsion  from  Ellandonan  Castle  came 
before  the  Preshytery  of  Dingwall  on  the  5th  July, 
1651,1   when  a  letter  was  read  from  Mr  Farquhar, 
who  excused  himself  from  attending,  "  being  unable 
to  travel  so  far"  ;  while  Simon  of  Lochslin  excused 
his  absence  from   the   same  meeting  on  the  ground 
that  he  was  employed  in  the   "  present  expedition  " 
—that  is  the  expedition  which  ended  in  the  defeat 
of  the  Royalist  Army  at   Worcester    on    the    3rd 
September,    1651.       The    collapse    of  the    Royalist 
party    at    Worcester     led    to    fresh    ecclesiastical 
developments  in     the  Presbytery  of  Dingwall,  and 
this    case    does   not    appear   to    have    come   under 
consideration    again.      On     leaving    the    castle    Mr 
Farquhar  took  up  his  residence  at  a  sheltered  spot 
in  the  neighbourhood,  called   Inchchruter,    "  where 
he   lived  very    plentifully    for    eleven    years,    some 
of     his     grandchildren,     after      his      wife's     death, 
alternately   ruling   his   house,   to   which   there    was 
a  great  resort  of  all  sorts  of  people,  he  being  very 
generous,    charitable,    and    free-hearted."        When 
General  Monk's  army  visited  Kintail  in  1654,2  they 
took    away   three   hundred    and    sixty   of  Mr   Far- 
quhar's cattle,  for  winch  his  friends  strongly  urged 
him  to  put  in  a  claim  for  compensation  when  King 

1  Inverness  and  Dingwall  Presbytery  Records,  edited  by  William  Mackay. 

2  For  an  account  of  General  Monk's  visit  to  Kintail,  see  Appendix  E. 


Charles  II.  was  restored  in  1660,  but  the  old  man 
refused  to  do  so,  being  so  loyal  to  the  House  of 
Stuart  that  he  considered  the  successful  restoration 
of  the  King  sufficient  compensation  for  any  loss  he 
might  have  suffered  in  the  Royalist  cause. 

In  1656  Mr  Farquhar,  who  was  then  seventy-six 
years  of  age,  is  described  as  "  being  now  aged  and 
infirm,  and  so  unable  to  do  duty  as  formerly,  or  as  is 
necessary  to  embrace  or  exercise  the  office  and 
function  of  the  ministry  at  the  said  kirk  (of  Kintail) 
as  their  lawful  and  actual  minister."  Accordingly 
the  Presbytery  of  Dingwall,  at  a  meeting  held  on 
the  14th  February  in  that  year,1  granted  an  Act  of 
Transportation  to  Kintail  on  behalf  of  Mr  Donald 
Macrae  of  Urray  (Mr  Farquhar's  son),  who  had 
received  a  call  from  the  congregation  of  Kintail  with 
the  consent  of  Mr  Farquhar  himself  and  the 
approval  of  the  Earl  of  Seaforth.  Mr  Donald  was 
admitted  to  Kintail  as  fellow-labourer  and  "  con- 
junct" minister  with  his  father,  on  the  20th  July 
following,  by  the  Rev.  Alexander  Mackenzie  of 
Lochcarron.  A  lengthy  document,  drawn  up  on  the 
24th  June  by  the  Presbytery,  after  "long  and 
mature  deliberation,"  and  setting  forth  in  great 
detail  the  conditions  of  this  "conjunct  ministrie," 
is  preserved  in  the  Records  of  the  Presbytery  of 
Dingwall.  Notwithstanding  the  care  with  which 
this  document  was  drawn  up,  difficulties  arose 
between  the  father  and  the  son  with  regard  to  the 
possession  of  the  vicarage,  and  the  matter  was 
discussed,  privately,  by  Mr  Donald's  request,  at  a 

1  Inverness  and  Dingwall  Presbytery  Records,  edited  by  William  Mackay. 


meeting  of  the  Presbytery  of  Dingwall,  held  on  the 
29th  of  December,  1G57,  when  Mr  Donald  promised 
to  abide  by  the  decision  of  the  Presbytery.  The 
Presbytery  gave  its  decision  in  favour  of  Mr  Far- 
qnhar,  who  appears  to  have  spent  the  remainder  of 
his  days  in  peace. 

It  is  so  frequently  the  custom  to  speak  only  of 
what  was  wild  and  unsettled  in  the  Highlands  of 
two  or  three  centuries  ago  that,  to  anyone  interested 
in  the  social  history  of  that  part  of  the  country,  it 
must  be  very  pleasant  to  contemplate  the  life-long 
work  of  such  a  man  as  Mr  Farquhar  in  a  parish  so 
Highland  and  so  outlying  as  Kintail;  but  there  were 
many  such  men  in  those  days — men  whose  scholarly 
and  cultured  refinement  was  a  source  of  sweetness 
and  light  to  the  community  among  whom  their  lot 
was  cast  ;  and  though  the  memory  of  many  of  them 
may  have  passed  away  in  the  great  social  changes 
which  theHighlandshave  been  undergoing  for  the  last 
century  and  a  half,  yet  they  were  the  salt  of  the  earth 
to  their  own  generation,  ami  the  silent  and  hidden 
influence  of  their  lives  and  their  labours  may  still  lie 
seen  in  the  politeness  and  culture  which  is  some- 
times to  be  found  even  in  the  humble  cottage  of  the 
Highland  crofter.  In  the  days  of  Mr  Farquhar, 
Kintail  was  well  peopled,  and,  being  the  ancestral 
home  of  one  of  the  most  powerful  noblemen  in  Scot- 
land, it  was  a  place  of  considerable  importance. 
The  principal  men  of  the  district  came  into  very 
frequent  personal  contact  with  the  Fail  himself, 
with  the  natural  result  that  they  also  became 
keenly  interested  in  the  great  religious  and  political 

66  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

movements  with  which  the  Chiefs  of  Kintail  were 
in  various  ways  so  intimately  associated.  Conse- 
quently we  find  among  the  people  of  Kintail,  in  a 
very  marked  degree,  the  high  political  and  religious 
tension  which  so  frequently  marks  a  period  of  civil 
and  revolutionary  warfare.  Perhaps  in  no  other 
district  of  the  Highlands  was  the  religious  and 
political  feeling  of  the  people  more  pronounced 
at  this  time  than  in  Kintail  and  the  neigh- 
bourhood. This  fact  is  lully  borne  out  by  the 
tone  of  the  Female/  Manuscript,  which  is  a 
collection  of  Kintail  poems  of  this  period,  and  to 
which  reference  is  made  elsewhere  in  this  book. 
Such,  then,  were  the  circumstances  of  the  Highland 
community  of  which  Mr  Farquhar  was  for  nearly 
half-a-century  the  central  figure,  and  the  chief  guide 
not  only  in  spiritual  things,  but  in  things  temporal 
as  well.  Though  the  sphere  of  his  work  and 
activity  was  limited  to  a  remote  Highland  parish, 
his  long  life  was  thus  a  very  eventful  and  anxious 
one,  and  covered  one  of  the  most  stirring  periods  of 
Scottish  history.  It  was  during  his  University 
career  that  James  VI.  succeeded  to  the  throne  of 
England,  and  the  Royal  House  of  Scotland  rose  to 
the  zenith  of  its  ill-starred  greatness.  Then,  in  the 
course  of  time  there  came  the  Covenanter  movement 
and  the  Civil  War,  which  ended  in  the  execution  of 
Charles  I.  and  the  exile  of  his  family.  Mr  Farquhar 
himself  was  a  staunch  Royalist  and  an  Episcopalian, 
so  that  he  belonged  to  the  losing  cause  of  what,  so 
far  as  Scotland  as  a  whole  was  concerned,  was 
only  the   minority  ;    but   though   the  army   of  the 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  0/ 

enemy  overran  his  country  and  plundered  his 
property,  he  held  stoutly  to  his  principles  like  a  good 
man  and  true.  Those  principles  were  doomed  in 
course  of  time  to  b2  all  but  totally  renounced 
and  rejected  by  the  people  of  the  Highlands,  and 
this  is  not  the  place  to  discuss  whether  in  doing  so 
thev  did  rightly  or  wrongly,  hut  the  steadfastness 
with  which  Mr  Farquhar  and  his  family  supported 
the  Scottish  Episcopal  Church  and  the  Scottish 
Royal  Family  must  call  forth  the  admiration  of  all 
who  appreciate  what  is  loyal  and  true  in  human 
nature.  He  lived  for  two  years  after  the  restoration 
of  King  Charles  II.,  and  thus  had  the  satisfaction 
in  his  old  age  of  seeing  the  Royal  House  of  Stuart 
enjoying  a  fitful  return  of  power  and  popularity,  and 
then  he  died  before  the  true  character  of  the  re- 
stored King  had  time  to  become  generally  apparent. 
And  so  his  end  was  peace.  He  died  in  the  midst 
of  a  prosperous  grown-up  family,  regretted  and 
mourned  by  all  his  countrymen,  and  leaving  behind 
him  memories  of  goodness  and  worth  which  the 
lapse  of  more  than  two  centuries  have  not  effaced. 

Mr  Farquhar  married  on  the  1st  December,  1611, 
Christina,  eldest  daughter  of  Macculloch  of  Park, 
Strathpeffer,  and  by  her,  who  died  before  him,  he 
had  eight  sons  and  two  daughters,  viz.:— Alexander, 
John,  "Donald,  Miles,  Murdoch,  John,  Christopher, 
Thomas,  Isabel,  and  Helen.  He  died  in  January, 
1662,  at  the  age  of  eighty-two,  and  was  buried 
with  his  ancestors  at  Kilduich,  in   Kintail. 

Christopher  and  Thomas  died  apparently  with- 
out issue,  as  their  nephew,  Finlay,  son  of  John,  is 

68  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

mentioned  as  their  heir  on  the  28th  July,  1696.1 
The  other  sons  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae  will 
be  mentioned  hereafter. 

Isabel,  eldest  daughter  of  Mr  Farquhar,  married 
Malcolm  Macrae,  son  of  Ian  Og  Mac  Fhionla  ldruibh, 
"a  pretty,  young  gentleman,  bred  at  school  and 
college,"  who  was  killed  at  the  hattle  of  Auldearn 
in  1645.  After  his  death,  she  married  William,  son 
of  the  Rev.  John  Mackenzie,  of  the  Dochmaluag 

Helen,  second  daughter  of  Mr  Farquhar,  married 
John,  younger  son  of  John  Bayne  of  Knockbain. 

1  Register  of  Retourp. 



VII.  Alexander  of  Inverinate. — Chamberlain  of  Kin  tail. — His 
Marriages  and  Family.— Rev.  John  Maorae,  last  Episcopalian 
Minister  of  Dingwall.— Difficulties  Connected  with  the  Appoint- 
ment of  his  Successor.— Author  of  Histories  of  the  Mackenzies 
and  of  the  Macraes.  — His  Marriage  and  Family.— Rev.  Alex- 
ander Macrae  founds  a  Roman  Catholic  Mission  in  Kintail.— 
Alexander  Macrae,  merchant,  Bristol,  leaves  Money  for  the 
Education  of  Boys  of  the  name  Macrae.— Other  Descendants 
of  the  Rev.  John  Macrae  of  Dingwall.— The  Rev.  Donald  Mac- 
rae, last  Episcopalian  Minister  of  Kintail.— He  supports  the 
Jacobite  Cause.— Battles  of  SherifFmuir  and  Glenshiel.— Kintail 
Church  Destroyed  by  the  Crew  of  a  Mau-of-War.— Episcopal- 
ianism  in  Kintail.— The  Rev.  Donald  Macrae's  Marriage  and 
Descendants.— Farquhar  of  Morvich  and  his  Family.— Ian  Mac 
Mhurachidh,  the  Kintail  Poet.— Murdoch,  sou  of  Alexander 
of  Inverinate.— His  Tragic  End.— The  Ulenlic  Hunt.— Tradi- 
tions and  Poems  connected  therewith. 

VIII.  ALEXANDER,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar 
VII. ,  is  commonly  known  as  Alexander  of  Inver- 
inate. His  father  procured  for  him  a  wadset  of  the 
lands  of  Inverinate,  Dorisduan,  and  Letterinimmer, 
for  the  sum  of  six  thousand  marks,  and  he  is  men- 
tioned in  the  Valuation  Roll  of  the  County  of  Ross 
in  1644,  as  possessed  of  lands  in  the  parish  of  Kintail 
of  the  yearly  value  of  £2G6  13s  4d  Scots.  He  was 
Chamberlain  of  Kintail  under  Kenneth  Mor,  third 
Earl  of  Seaforth,  who,  as  already  stated,  received 

70  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    OLAN    MACRAE. 

his  early  education  at  Ellandonan  Castle,  from  Alex- 
ander's father,  and  by  whom  Alexander  himself  was 
much  esteemed.  It  is  stated  in  the  Rev.  John  Mac- 
rae's History  of  the  Mackenzies,  that  when  General 
Middleton  and  Lord  Balcarres  were  in  the  High- 
lands raising  an  army  to  support  Charles  II.  against 
Cromwell,  probably  about  1651,  they  paid  a  visit  to 
Seaforth,  who  welcomed  Balcarres  in  a  special  man- 
ner, and  sent  Alexander  of  Inverinate  to  bring  Lady 
Balcarres,  who  was  a  daughter  of  Colin,  first  Earl 
of  Seaforth,  to  Kiutail,  which,  "  with  some  hazard 
and  difficulty,  Alexander  performed,"  bringing  the 
lady  safe  to  Ellandonan  Castle,  where  she  lived  for 
some  time  with  her  husband.  Alexander  married, 
as  his  first  wife,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Murdoch  y 
Mackenzie,  second  laird  of  Redcastle,  by  whom  he 
had  two  sons,  Duncan  and  John,  and  two  daughters,^ 
Catherine  (or  Christina)  and  Mary.  He  married,  as 
his  second  wife,  Mary,  daughter  of  Alexander  Mac- 
kenzie, fourth  laird  of  Dochmaluag,  by  whom  he  had 
seven  sons,  Alexander,  Donald,  ( 'hristopher,  Far- 
quhar,  Murdoch,  Allan,  and  Hugh,  and  at  least  two 
daughters,  Isabel  and  Margaret.  The  descent  of 
both  his  wives  can  be  traced  to  the  Royal  Houses  of 
Stuart  and  Plantagenet.1 

1.  Duncan,  eldest  son  of  Alexander  by  his  first 
wife,  Margaret  Mackenzie  of  Redcastle,  will  be  men- 
tioned hereafter. 

2.  The  Rev.  John,  second  son  of  Alexander  by 
his  first  wife,  was  educated  at  Aberdeen  University, 
and  was  laureated,  that  is,  took  his  degree,  on  the 

1  See  Royal  Pedigrees.     Appendix  F. 

THE   HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  i  1 

12th  July,  1660.     When  the  first  school  was  opened 

in  Dingwall  he  was  appointed  master  of  it,  Tins 
was  before  the  21st  July,  1663,  as  he  is  mentioned 
on  that  date  as  schoolmaster  of  Dingwall  and  <  Hexk 

to  the  Session.    He  was  ordained  in  1667  to  the  parish 
of  Kilmorack,  arid  was  translated    in   1C.74   to  the 
parish  of  Dingwall,  where  he  lived  and  laboured  for 
thirty  years,  and  of  which  he  was  the  last  Episco- 
palian minister.      He  is  mentioned  in  various  docu- 
ments of  the  period  as  Treasurer  of   Ross.      He  is 
said  to  have  been  a  great  favourite  in  the  family  of 
the  Earl  of  Seaforth,  who  gave  him  a  wadset  of  the 
lands  of  Dornie,  Dronaig,  Aryugan,  &c,  in  Kintail, 
for  the  sum  of  seven  thousand  live  hundred  marks. 
His  influence  in  Dingwall  and  the    neighbourhood 
appears  to  have  been  very  great,  and  so  loyal  wae 
the  feeling  of  the  people,  both  to  his  memory  and  t< 
the  Church  to  which  he  belonged,  that  on  his  deatl 
they    so   persistently    opposed   the    introduction    0 
Presbyterianism    among    them,    that,    in    spit 
repeated  attempts,  it  was  found  impossible  to  settle 
a   Presbyterian    minister    in    Dingwall    until     L716, 
twenty-eight  years   after  the  Revolution,   and  this 
settlement   was    made   not    by   patronage    or   by    a 
"call"    from    the    people,    but    by    the    Presbytery 
acting  under  warrant  from  the  Privy  Council.1 

i  From  the  record  of  a  meeting  of  the  Privy  Council  of  Scotland,  on 
the  25th  April,  1704,  ami  under  the  heading  "The  Agent  for  the  Mrk  agauiBl 
Macrae,  and  other,"  we  le*™  something  of  .he  fin*  attempt,  made  tomtn  *~ 
Preshvterianism  into  the  Royal  burgh  of  Dingwall  alter  the  death  ot  h  Bev 
John  Macrae    The  Rev.  William  Stewart  of  Kiltearn,  having  been  delegal  ed  1  ■> 

to  Dingwall  accordingly,  on  Sunday,  the  16th  January.     FWhog  U»  a-,,,  t    f 
affair.,  t„  hi.  arrival  rather  threatening,  he  decided  toappeal  to  the  magnate. 


72  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

The  Rev.  John  Macrae  was  the  author  of  an 
important  History  of  the  Mackenzies,  to  which  fre- 
quent reference  is  made  in  this  hook.  The  clan 
historian,  Alexander  Mackenzie,  frequently  refers  to 
it  also,  in  his  History  of  the  Mackenzies,  as  the 
Ardintoul  MS.  He  was  also  the  author  of  a  His- 
tory and  Genealogy  of  the  Macraes,  which  has 
already  been  described  in  the  first  chapter  of  this 

The  Rev*.  John  married,  before  the  21st  July, 
1673,  Janet  Bayne,  of  Knockbain.  There  is  a 
sasine  of  that  date  to  Mr  John  Macrae,  Treasurer  of 
Ross,  and  Janet  Bayne,  his  spouse.  By  her  he  had 
issue  as  below.      He  died  in  January,  t704. 

a.  Alexander,  eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  John,  was 
educated  for  the  Church,  but,  as  the  Episcopal 
Church  was  proscribed  in  Scotland  after  the  Revolu- 
tion of  1  f>88,  he  threw  in  his  lot  with  the  Roman 
Catholics  rather  than  become  a  Presbyterian.  For 
many  years  he  discharged  the  duties  of  a  Roman 
Catholic    priest   between    Brahan    and    Strathglass, 

for  protection.  The  magistrates?,  however,  could  not  be  found,  and  meantime 
the  ringleaders  of  the  mob  surrounded  the  house  in  which  the  minister  was, 
and  made  the  outer  door  fast  with  nails.  The  minister  then  made  a  strong 
appeal  to  the  people  from  the  window  of  the  house,  and  eventually  succeeded, 
by  the  help  of  Sir  Robert  Munro  of  Foulis  and  others  from  Kiltearn,  in 
regainiug  his  liberty  and  effecting  an  entrance  into  the  church.  But  when 
the  "  worship  was  begun  and  almost  finished,"  there  arrived  a  company  of 
armed  men  from  the  country,  among  whom  the  chief  ringleaders  were  John 
Macrae  vie  Alister  Oig,  Hugh  Macrae,  father  (it  ought  to  be  brother)  to  the 
said  deceased  Mr  John  Macrae,  late  incumbent  at  Dingwall  ;  Kenneth  Macrae, 

brother  german  to  Farquhar  Macrae  rf  Inverinate  ;  and Macrae,  son  to 

Christopher,  brother  german  to  the  said  deceased  Mr  John  Macrae,  all  in  the 
parish  of  Kintail.  These  men  having  entered  the  church  "upon  pretence 
that  they  were  coming  to  attend  the  worship,"  the  said  John  Macrae  vie 
Alister  went  up  to  the  door  of  the  pulpit  and  "  presented  a  pistol  to  the 

THE    HISTOltY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  73 

and  was  probably  the  last  who  said  mass  in  Brahan 
Castle.  He  was  the  first  Macrae  who  became  a 
Roman  Catholic  after  the  Reformation,  and  was  the 
founder  of  the  mission  which  that  Church  still 
carries  on  in  Kintail.  His  first  converts  were  Ins 
own  cousins,  Alexander  Macra  of  Ardintoul  and 
John  Og,  son  of  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae,  last  Epis- 
copalian minister  of  Kintail,  and  another  man  called 
Ian  Buidhe  Mac  Dhonnachaidh  (Yellow  John,  the 
son  of  Duncan).  In  his  old  age  he  retired  to  the 
Scotch  Roman  Catholic  College  at  Douai,  in  France, 
and  there  died.  The  Kintail  Mission  was  well  sup- 
ported by  the  Macraes,  and  was  afterwards  carried 
on  by  the  Rev.  John  Farquharson,  a  celebrated 
priest  of  Strathglass,  the  Rev.  Norman  Macleod,  and 

b.  John,  who  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  the 
Rev.  Roderick  Mackenzie,  minister  and  Laird  of 
Avoch.  He  is  also  said  to  have  married,  as  her 
second  husband,  Anne,  daughter  of  Alexander 
Mackenzie,  third  Laird  of  Applecross,  who  survived 

minister,  threatening  to  kill  him  until  stopped  by  the  hearers,  whereupon  the 
rest  of  the  armed  men  approached  nearer,  and  scrambling  over  the  seats  to 
the  pulpit  with  menacing  countenances  and  arms  in  their  hands,  they  com- 
manded Mr  Stewart  to  come  down  and  begone,  which  constrained  him  to 
retire."  The  disturbance  continued  as  he  passed  out.  through  the  churchyard, 
until  at  last  li  the  minister,  timling  himself  like  to  faint  through  the  violence 
he  had  suffered,  prayed  some  gentlemen,  his  friends,  to  carry  him  off  any  way, 
which  was  done."  Nor  did  Sir  Robert  Munro  and  his  friends  escape  without, 
blows,  and  "  further,  these  rabblers  cried  loudly  and  frequently  King  Willie  is 
now  dead  and  their  King  is  alive."  The  ringleaders  were  summoned  by  the 
Privy  Council,  but  failed  to  compear,  whereupon  they  were  declared  rebels, 
and  their  goods  and  gear  forfeited  to  the  Crown.  Various  other  unsuccessful 
attempts  were  made  to  introduce  Presbyterianism  iuto  Dingwall,  and  though 
the  Rev.  Daniel  Bayne  was  appointed  to  the  living  in  1708,  it  was  not  until 
1716  that  he  was  able  to  enter  upon  possession  of  it. 

74  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    OLAN    MACRAE. 

him,  and  afterwards  married,  as  her  third  husband, 
Colin  Mackenzie  of  Inverness.1 

61.  Alexander,  who  was  served  heir  to  his 
grandfather,  the  Rev.  John  Macrae,  minister  of 
Dingwall  and  Treasurer  of  Ross,  on  the  24th  of 
June,  1741.  Having  afterwards  recovered  from 
Seaforth  the  money  for  certain  wadsets  which  he 
held  in  Kintail,  and  sold  some  property  which 
he  held  about  Dingwall,  he  went  into  business  in 
Bristol,  where  he  became  a  prosperous  and  wealthy 
merchant,  and  died  without  issue  in  April,  1781. 
He  left  a  sum  of  fifty  thousand  marks2  to  the 
King's  College,  Aberdeen,  for  educating  boys  of  the 
name  Macrae  who  could  be  traced  in  the  male 
line  from  his  great-grandfather,  Alexander  of  In- 
verinate,  "  in  preference  to  all  others."3  Several 
students  of  the  name  Macrae  held  this  bursary  in 
past  times. 

62.  Margaret,  who  married  John  Matheson, 

t>3.  Mary,  married  to  James,  son  of  Alexander 
Matheson  of  Bennetsfield,4  and  had,  with  other  issue, 
Catherine,  who  married  Alexander  Matheson,  some 

1  Only  the  first  marriage  is  mentioned  iu  the  MS.  history  of  the  Macraes, 
but  both  are  mentioned  in  Sir  James  Dixon  Mackenzie's  Genealogical  Tables  of 
the  Mackenzies.  The  probability  is  that  he  was  twice  married,  and  that  his 
family  was  by  the  first  wife. 

"  Fifty  thousand  merks  Scots  mortified  by  the  late  Alexander  Macrae,  of 
Dornie,  and  left  under  the  management  of  the  King's  College  of  Aberdeen,  for 
educating  the  children  of  the  nearest  descendants  from  Alexander  Macrae,  sou 
of  Mr  Farquhar  Macrae,  the  first  Protestant  minister  in  the  parish  of  Kintail. 
— Old  Statistical  Account. 

3  Appendix  L. 

4  For  the  descendants  of  this  marriage,  see  Mackenzie's  History  of  the 



time    schoolmaster,   Dornie,   who    has    been  already 
mentioned  on  page  48. 

c.  Christopher,  baptised  at  Dingwall  in  Novem- 
ber, 1G82. 

d.  Roderick,  baptised  at  Dingwall,  18th  August, 
1692,  and  mentioned,  in  1763,  as  the  deceased  Mr 
Roderick  Macrae  in  the  will  of  his  nephew,  Alex- 
ander Macrae,  some  time  of  Bristol.  He  married  a 
daughter  of  Alexander  Mackenzie,  Chamberlain  of 

\    Ferintosh,  and  had  issue — 
d\.  John. 

d2.  Duncan,  who  went  to  Maryland  in  America, 
was  a  lieutenant  in  the  "Provincials"  during  the 
American  War  of  Independence,  and  was  killed  in 
the  expedition  under  General  Forbes  against  Fort 
Ducpiesne  in  1757. 

r/3.    Helen,     married      to     Thomas     Maclean,     a 
schoolmaster  at   Old. 
</4.   Janet. 

e.  Mary,  who  married  Roderick  Dingwall  of" 
Ussie.  There  is  a  sasine  on  disposition  by  Roderick 
Dingwall  of  Ussie  in  favour  of  Mary  Macrae,  relict 
of  the  said  Roderick,  in  liferent  of  the  lands  of 
Wester  Ussie  and  Bogachro,  &c,  in  the  parish,  of 
Fodderty,  6th  January,  1745.  They  had  issue, 
at  least  one  son,  called  John. 

/    Janet,    baptised    at    Dingwall,    8th    October, 
1693,  married  John   Tuach   of  Logereit. 

A    daughter    of    the     Rev.    John     Macrae,    last 

Episcopalian  minister  of   Dingwall,  was   married   to 

John   O,  son   of  John    Mackenzie,  second   laud   of 

Applecross,  and  had  issue.1      This  John   ( >g  was  one 

i  Sir  James  Dixon  Mackenzie's  Genealogical  Table*  of  the  Mackenzie*, 

/<>  the   history  of  the  clan  MACRAE. 

of  the  famous  "  Four  Johns  of  Scotland"  who  were 
killed  at  Sheriftmuir  in  1715. 

3.  Alexander,  eldest  son  of  Alexander  of  Inver- 
inate  by  his  second  wife,  Mary  Mackenzie  of  Doch- 
maluag,  was  called  Alister  Og,  and  lived  at  Achyark, 
in  Kintail.  He  married  a  daughter  of  Donald,  son 
of  Finlay,  son  of  Christopher  VI.,  and  had  issue — 

a.  John,  who  was  a  well  educated  man  and  was 
one  of  the  Seaforth  Captains  at  Sheriffmuir.  He 
was  probably  the  John  Macrae  vie  Alister  (Jig  who 
took  part  as  ringleader  in  the  riot  at  Dingwall 
church  in  1704,  which  has  been  already  referred  to. 
He  married  and  had  a  son  John,  who  had  a  daughter 
Isabel,  who  married  William  Morrison,  farmer  of 
Baloagie,  on  the  Fairburn  estate. 

4.  The  Rev.  Donald,  second  son  of  Alexander 
of  Inverinate  by  his  second  wife,  Mary  Mackenzie 
of  Dochmaluag,  and  IX.  in  descent  from  Finlay 
Dubh  Macgillechriosd,  was  for  some  time  school-  - 
master  at  Fortrose,  and  became  Vicar  of  Kintail  in  i 
1681.  He  was  an  ardent  Jacobite  and  Episcopalian, 
and  at  the  revolution  of  1688  he  refused  to  conform 

to  Presbytery,  so  that  Kintail  remained  Episco- 
palian for  at  least  another  quarter  of  a  century.  His 
name  is  mentioned  in  a  list  of  "  Episcopal  Ministers 
who  enjoy  Churches  or  Benefices  in  Scotland"  in 
March,  1710,  and  of  whom  it  is  said  ;  "  Some  of  them 
pray  for  the  Pretender  ;  others  do  not  refuse  to  pray 
for  the  Queen  (Anne),  and  some  pray  only  for  then- 
sovereign  without  naming  anybody,  but  it  is  gen- 
erally thought   they   mean    the  Pretender."1       The 

i  The  Case  of  Mr  GreenahieUls— printed  in  1710. 


Rev.  Donald  and  his  family  took  a  prominent  part 

in  the  Rebellion  of  1715,  and   be  bad   two  sons  and 
a  son-indaw  killed  at  Sheriffmuir.      He  appears  also 
to  have  been   involved    in    the  attempt    which   was 
made  to  revive  the  cause  of  the  Stuarts  in    Kintail 
in  1719,  and  which  ended  in  the  defeat  of  the  Jaco- 
bite party  at  the  battle  of  Glenshiel,  on  the  LOth  of 
June  in  that  year,  for  we  read  that   bis  church    was 
destroved  by  the  crew  of  one   of  the   ships  of  war 
that  sailed  into  Loch  Duich  at  that  time.1     He  died 
shortly  afterwards,   and   with   him  ended  the   Epis- 
copal Church    in    Kintail.       The   Episcopal   form   of 
worship  in  the  Highlands  at  this  time  differed  very 
little,  if  any,  from  the  Presbyterian  form,  as  there 
appears  to  have  been    no  prayer  book   used,  so  that 
the   Rev.  .Donald    would   conduct    bis   services    after 
the  abolition  of  Episcopacy  and  the  establishment  of 
Presbvterianism  exactly  as  he  did  before.      This  no 
doubt  explains  to  a  great  extent  the  apparent  readi- 
ness with   which  the  common  people  of   those  times 
seem  to  have  passed  from  the  one  form  of  worship  to 
the  other.    The  leading  men  of  Kintail.  however,  were 
not  to  be  satisfied  with  the  mere  outward  appear- 
ance of  things.      Many  of  them  looked  at  the  under- 
lying principles  of  their  religion  as  well.      The  heavy 
loss  sustained  at  Sheriffinuir,  and  the  treatment  to 
which   they  had  so  recently  been   subjected    at    the 
time  of  the  Battle  of  (llensheil,  had  produced  among 
them  a  particular  dislike  of  the   Whig  party,    with 
which  Presbyterianism  was  so  closely  associated,  and 
rather  than  conform  to  Presbyterianism,  after  the 


death  of  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae,  many  of  them 
joined  the  Roman  Catholic  Missionwhich  had  recently 
been  established  among  them  by  the  Rev.  Alexander 
Macrae  already  mentioned.  The  Rev.  Donald  Mac- 
rae married  Catherine  Grant1  of  Glenmoriston,  by 
whom  he  had  issue. 

(l).    Alexander,  mentioned  below. 

(2).  Mr  John,  who  married  a  daughter  of  the 
Laird  of  Chisholm,  but  left  no  issue.  The  Mr  pre- 
fixed to  his  name  suggests  that  he  was  a  University 
graduate.  He  appears  to  have  been  well  educated, 
and  was  tutor  to  Norman  Macleod  of  Macleod,  with 
whom  he  is  said  to  have  travelled  abroad,  and  who 
settled  on  him  and  his  heirs  the  sum  of  "  1000 
pounds  Scots  per  bond."  Mr  John  died  in  1741, 
leaving  this  sum  to  his  youngest  brother,  John  Og. 

(.3).   Duncan  married  and  left  issue. 

(4).  Colin;  (5).  Christopher,  both  killed  at 

(6).  John  Og,  who,  on  the  death  of  his  father, 
and  the  final  suppression  of  Episcopacy  in  Kintail, 
became  a  Roman  Catholic,  and  was  the  fourth  to 
join  the  mission  referred  to  above.      He  died  young, 

.  !The  tradition  in  Kiutail  is  that  this  Catherine  Grant  was  a  daughter  of 
John  Grant,  Laird  of  Glenmoriston,  1703-1736,  commonly  called  Ian  a' 
Chragaim,  by  his  second  wife,  Janet,  daughter  of  Sir  Ewen  Cameron  of 
Lochiel.  Janet  died  in  1759,  aged  SO  years.  This  places  her  birth  in  1679,  so 
that  in  1715,  the  year  of  the  Battle  of  Sheriffmuir,  she  was  36  years  of  age. 
Now,  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  had  two  sons  and  a  son-in-law  killed  at  Sheriff- 
muir. These,  according  to  the  Kintail  tradition,  would  be  the  grandchildren 
of  Janet  Cameron,  who,  at  the  time  of  their  death,  was  only  36  years  of  age. 
The  son-in-law  (John  of  Conchra),  who  was  killed  at  Sheriffmuir,  left  two 
children  ;  this  would  make  Janet  Cameron  a  great  grandmother  at  the  age  of 
36,  and,  therefore,  if  the  Rev.  Donald  was  married  only  once,  the  probability 
s  that  Catherine  Grant  was  a  sister,  and  not  a  daughter,  of  Ian  a'  Chragain. 


and  was  attended  by  Father  Farquharson  of  Strath- 
glass  on  his  death-bed.  He  married  Barbara  Mac- 
rae, daughter  of  Farquhar,  son  of  Christopher,  son 
of  Alexander  of  Inverinate,  and  by  her  had  issue — 

(a).  Isabella,  who  married  Alexander  Macrae 
of  Achtertyre,  of  whom  hereafter. 

(b).  Helen,  who  married  Duncan  Macrae,  Fa- 
doch,  also  mentioned  hereafter. 

(c).  Catherine,  who  married  John  Macrae,  a 
descendant  of  John  Breac,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar 

((/).  Christina,   married    with    issue. 

John  Og's  widow  afterwards  married  Donald,  son 
of  the  Rev.  Finlay  Macrae  of  Lochalsh,  with  issue. 

(7).  Mary. 

(8).  Isabella,  who  married,  first,  John  Macrae 
of  Conchra,  who  was  killed  at  Sheriffmuir,  and  of 
whom  hereafter.  She  is  said  to  have  married, 
secondly,  Alexander  Mackenzie  of  Applecross,  son 
of  John,  who  was  killed  at  Sheriffmuir,  and  thirdly, 
George  Mackenzie  of  Fairburn. 

(9).  Katherine  married  Donald  Macrae  of  Tor- 

On  the  other  hand,  it  is  stated  in  an  old  Genealogical  Tree  of  the  Macraes, 
that  the  Rev.  Donald  had  a  daughter,  Mary,  by  "  his  first  marriage  with 
Chishohu's  daughter."  In  that  case,  it  may  be  possible  that  he  was  twice 
married,  and  that  his  second  marriage  was  with  Catherine,  daughter  of  Ian  a' 
Chrwjuin.  The  disparity  of  their  years,  however,  would  be  very  great,  and 
they  might  have  had  one  child,  John  Og,  mentioned  below.  This  explanation 
may  be  regarded  as  not  altogether  improbable,  as  the  tradition  is  certainly  an 
old  one,  and  was  related  to  the  writer  in  a  \ery  circumstantial  manner  by  one 
of  John  Og's  descendants,  a  man  whose  information  he  has  invariably  found 
reliable.  Janet  Cameron  must  have  married  at  a  very  early  age,  and  some  of 
her  descendants  must  have  done  so  also,  because  we  read  that  there  were 
great-great-grandchildren  at  her  funeral. 


(10).  Christina  married  Donald  Macrae  of 
Morvich,  son  of  Farquhar,  son  of  Alexander  of 

(x.)  Alexander,  eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  Donald 
Macrae,  appears  to  have  lived  at  lluroch  in  Kin- 
tail.  He  married  Florence,  daughter  of  Ewen  Mac- 
kenzie VU.  of  Hilton,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons  — 

(1).   Farquhar 

(2).  John,  who  married  a  daughter  of  Chishohn 
of  Muckarach.  His  circumstances  becoming  reduced, 
he,  along  with  many  others  from  Kintail,  emigrated 
to  North  Carolina  in  1774,  where  he  died,  shortly 
after  his  arrival,  from  the  bite  of  a  snake,  which  he 
received  while  clearing  some  ground  for  a  plantation. 
He  left  one  son  there,  called  John. 

Alexander  had  three  daughters. 

(xi.)  Farquhar,  eldest  son  of  Alexander,  by 
Florence  Mackenzie  of  Hilton,  married,  first,  the 
widow  of  John  Macrae  of  Achyark,  by  whom  he  had 
one  daughter.  He  married,  secondly,  Margaret  (or 
Mary),  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae  of  Balnain,  by 
whom  he  had  three  sons. 

(l).  Christopher,  a  sergeant  in  the  regiment 
which  was  raised  by  Lord  Seaforth  in  1778  (the 
78th,  afterwards  the  72nd).  He  served  abroad,  and 
died  in  India.  He  was  the  author  of  several  Gaelic 
songs,  which  used  to  be  very  popular,  and  may  still 
be  heard  in  Lochalsh  and  Kintail. 

(2).  Colin  married  with  issue — Alexander  and 
four  daughters. 

(3).  Alexander  was  tacksman  of  Inchcro,  in 
Kintail.       He  married    Mary,   daughter  of  Duncan 


Macrae,  Fadooh,  who  was  descended  from  Miles,  son 
of  the  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae,  with  issue- 

(a).  Christopher,  who,  along  with  his  brother, 
was  for  some  time  tacksman  of  Inchcro.  He  was 
married,  but  died,  without  issue,  in  or  near  Dingwall 
about    I860. 

(/>).  Duncan,  who  died,  unmarried,  in  New  Zea- 
land about  1882. 

(c).  A  daughter,  who  married  John  Macrae, 
Dornie.  who  was  commonly  called  Ian  Dubb  Nan 
Dorn  (Black  John  of  the  Fists),  so  called  from  the 
extraordinary  strength  he  possessed  in  his  hands. 

5.  Christopher,  third  son  of  Alexander  of 
Inverinate  and  Mary  Mackenzie  of  Dochmaluag, 
is  mentioned  hereafter. 

6.  Farquhar,  fourth  son  of  Alexander  of  Inver- 
inate and  Mary  Mackenzie  of  Dochmaluag,  lived  at 
Morvich.      He  married  with  issue,  one  of  whom — 

a.  Murdoch,  who  is  mentioned  as  taking  a  pro- 
minent part  in  the  skirmish  at  Ath  nam  Muileach 
(the  ford  of  the  men  of  Mull),  in  GlenafFric,  on  the 
2nd  October,  1721,  when  Donald  Murchison  of 
Auchtertvre.  with  about  three  hundred  followers, 
met  and  repulsed  William  Ross  of  Easter  Fearn, 
near  Tain,  who  was  proceeding  to  Kintail  under  the 
escort  of  a  company  of  soldiers  to  collect  rents  on 
the  Seaforth  Estates  on  behalf  of  the  Forfeited 
Estates  Commissioners.1  Murdoch  married  Mary, 
daughter  of  Farquhar  X.,  and  left  with  other  issue- 
John,  the  celebrated  Kintail  poet,  commonly 
called  Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh,  whose  Gaelic  songs  are 
i  Appendix  E. 


still  well  known  in  Kintail  and  Lochalsh.  These 
songs  are  of  very  high  poetical  merit,  and  this, 
together  with  the  strong  and  effective  local  colour- 
ing they  possess,  helps  to  account  for  the  deep 
and  lasting  impression  which  the  poet  made  on 
his  countrymen,  and  the  prominent  place  which 
his  name  occupies  among  the  traditions  of  Kintail. 
The  poems  deal  chiefly  with  the  pursuits  and  de- 
lights of  such  a  country  life  as  he  himself  led  among 
his  native  glens  and  mountains,  many  of  which  he 
has  invested  with  associations  which  must  continue 
classic  and  sacred  to  his  countrymen  so  long  as  any 
of  them  are  left  in  Kintail  to  speak  the  Gaelic 
tongue.  Ahout  1770  a  great  many  of  the  people 
of  Kintail  emigrated  to  America,  and  the  poet 
resolved  to  seek  his  fortune  there  also.  His  friends 
endeavoured  to  persuade  him  to  remain  at  home, 
but  nothing  could  shake  his  resolution.  It  is  said 
he  was  so  greatly  esteemed  in  the  Highlands  that, 
when  his  intention  to  leave  the  country  became 
known,  several  neighbouring  lairds  offered  him  valu- 
able lands  on  their  estates  if  he  would  only  remain 
in  the  country.  But  the  spirit  of  adventure  was 
then  abroad  in  Kintail,  and,  notwithstanding  the 
prospects  held  out  to  him  at  home,  the  poet  was 
as  much  as  anyone  under  its  influence.  There  are 
various  traditions  as  to  the  motives  which  induced 
him  to  leave  the  country,  but  the  chief  motive  was 
undoubtedly  the  adventurous  desire  to  seek  fortune 
in  a  new  field  beyond  the  Atlantic,  as  so  many  of 
his  countrymen  did  at  this  time.  On  the  day  of  his 
departure,  many  of  his  friends  accompanied  him  to 


the  heights  of  Auchtertyre  in  Lochalsh,  and  the  spot 

is  still' pointed  out  where  he  took  his  farewell  of 
them.  But  things  went  hard  with  him  in  America. 
When  the  War  of  Independence  broke  out,  he  cast 
in  his  lot  with  the  Loyalists,  whose  cause  soon 
became  the  losing  one,  and,  after  sharing  in  the 
hardships  and  defeat  of  the  British  armies,  he  at 
last  perished  a  fugitive  among  the  primeval  woods. 
During  the  time  of  his  adversity  in  America,  he 
composed  several  songs,  which  were  brought  back 
to  Kintail,  and  in  which  he  expresses  with  much 
beauty  and  pathos  the  yearning  of  his  soul  to  return 
to  the  scenes  and  the  friends  of  happier  days.1  He 
married  before  he  left  Kintail.  It  is  doubtful  who 
his  wife  was,  but  the  tradition  in  Kintail  is  that  she 
was  Christina  Macrae,  daughter  of  Alexander  Hoy 
of  the  Torlysich  family.'-  He  had  three  sons, 
Charles,  Murdoch,  and  Donald.  He  also  had 
a  daughter  whom  he  left  behind  him  a  child  in 
Kintail,  and  who  afterwards  married  Finlay  Mac- 
rae, who  was  schoolmaster  at  Fadoch,  in  Kintail, 
a  grandson  of  the  Rev.  Finlay  Macrae,  with 
issue,  as  already  mentioned. 

b.  Farquhar,  called  Farquhar  Og  (Farquhar  the 
younger),  had,  with  other  issue,  a  son  called  Donald 
Ban,  who  had  a  son  Murdoch,  who  had  a  son,  the 
Rev.     Donald      Macrae,     who    was    born    in    1802, 

1  Appendix  J. 

a  In  Sir  J.  D.  Mackenzie's  genealogical  tables  of  the  Mackenzie.?,  it  is 
stated  that  about  this  time  Winifred  Mackenzie,  of  the  Doehmaluag  family 
by  her  father  and  the  Fairburn  family  by  her  mother,  married  John  Macrae, 
a  poet  of  Kintail.  At  all  events,  the  poet  lived  on  terms  of  the  closest 
friendship  with  the  Fairburn  family. 

84  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

ordained  a  minister  of  the  Free  Church  by  the 
Presbytery  of  Lews  in  1844,  and  died  at  Cross,  in 
Lews,  on  the  15th  November,  1876,  with  issue,  six 

c  Alexander  is  mentioned  as  taking  part  in  the 
affair  of  Atli  nam  Muileach.  He  appears  to  have 
had  a  son  John,  who  is  also  mentioned  in  connection 
with  the  same  affair. 

d.  Anne,  married  Alexander  Mac  Gillechriosd 
Macrae,  in  Strathglass,  and  had  issue — Christopher  ; 
Isabel,  who  married  as  his  second  wife  Alexander 
Macra  of  Ardintoul ;  Margaret,  who  married  Dun- 
can MacAlister  Mac  Gillechriosd,  and  had  a  son  a 

7.  Murdoch,  fifth  son  of  Alexander  of  Inver- 
inate  and  Mary  Mackenzie  of  Dochmaluag,  came  to  an 
ultimely  and  tragic  end.  He  was  out  hunting  in 
Glenlic  one  day  in  the  early  winter,  and,  according 
to  tradition,  found  a  man  stealing  his  goats.  Hav- 
ing captured  the  thief,  Murdoch  was  leading  him 
along,  but  as  they  were  passing  the  brink  of  a 
precipice  called  the  Carraig  (Rock),  the  prisoner  suc- 
ceeded in  pushing  Murdoch  over  the  rock,  at  the  foot 
of  which  his  body  was  found  after  a  search  of  fifteen 
davs.  The  death  of  Murdoch  was  such  a  myster- 
ious affair  that  there  arose  a  belief  in  Kintail  that 
the  dark  deed  was  the  work  of  an  evil  spirit, 
and  the  spot  where  the  body  was  found  was 
long  believed  to  be  haunted,  but  it  is  said  that,  many 
years  afterwards,  an  old  man  in  Strathglass  con- 
fessed on  Ids  deathbed  that  he  was  the  murderer, 
and    gave   a    full    account  of   the    event.      Another 

THE   HISTORY    OF   THE   CLAtf   MACttAE.  85 

version  of   the  same  tradition  says  that  the  goat- 
stealer  was  accompanied  by  his  little  grandson,  who 

was  a  witness  of  the  murder,  and  who  afterwards 
went  to  America,  where  he  lived  to  a  very  advanced 
age,  and  related  the  circumstances  of  the  murder  on 
his  deathbed.  The  Glenlic  hunt  and  the  death  of 
Murdoch  occupy  a  very  prominent  place  in  the  tradi- 
tions of  Kintail.1  Several  elegies  composed  on  the 
occasion  have  been  preserved,  and  some  of  them  are 
of  a  very  high  order.  The  traditions  with  regard  to 
those  elegies  are  somewhat  vague,  and  it  is  not 
easy  to  arrive  at  definite  facts,  but  some  of  them 
are  believed  to  have  been  composed  by  John  Mac- 
donald,  Ian  Lorn,2  the  Lochaber  Bard,  who  was  the 
contemporary  of  the  sons  of  Alexander  of  Inverinate. 
It  is  said  that  Ian  Lom's  life  being  at  one  time  in 
danger  in  his  own  country,  he  fled  for  refuge  to  Kin- 
tail,  where  he  was  living  with  the  Inverinate  family 
at  the  time  of  Murdoch's  death,  and  that  on  each  of 
the  fifteen  days  during  which  the  search  lasted,  he 
composed  an  elegy.  Another  tradition  says  that 
some  of  the  elegies  were  composed  by  Murdoch's 
brother,  Duncan.  In  any  case,  the  fragments  that 
have  been  preserved  are  of  great  merit,  and  not  un- 
worthy even  of  such  poets  as  Ian  Lorn  and  Donnacha 
nam  Pios.  One  of  the  elegies  contains  a  verse  in 
which  all  Murdoch's  brothers  are  mentioned,  except 

1  See  chapter  on  legends  and  traditions  of  the  clan. 

2  John  Macdonald,  or  Ian  Lorn  (Hare  John),  was  a  celebrated  Gaelic  poet 
of  the  family  of  Keppoeh.  He  was  a  personal  friend  and  a  devoted  supporter  of 
the  Earl  of  Montrose.  One  of  his  chief  productions  is  a  descriptive  poem  on 
the  victory  gained  by  Montrose  over  the  Earl  of  Argyll  at  Inverlochy,  in  1645. 
Ian  Lorn  died  at  a  very  advanced  age  about  1710. 

86  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Alexander,   who    may   possibly    have    died    before : 
'S  tuirseaoh  do  sheachd  braithrean  graidh, 
Am  parson  ge  hard  a  leugh, 
Thug  e,  ge  tuigseach  a  cheaird, 
Aona  bharr-tuirs  air  each  gu  leir. 
Bho  thus  dhiubh  Donnachadh  nam  Pios. 
Gillecriosda,  's  an  dithis  de'n  chleir, 
Fearachar  agus  Ailean  Donu, 
Uisdean  a  bha  trom  'n  ad  dheigh.1 

The  parson  mentioned  in  the  first  of  these  verses 
was  undoubtedly  Murdoch's  brother  —  the  Rev. 
Donald  of  Kintail,  who,  from  the  reference  here  made 
to  him,  seems  to  have  written  an  elegy  on  this 
occasion,  but  the  manner  in  which  Donnacha  nam 
Pibs  is  mentioned  would  seem  to  imply  that  he 
himself  was  not  the  author,  at  all  events  of  the 
poem  from  which  these  verses  are  quoted. 

Murdoch  left  a  young  widow,  and  at  least  two 
sons,  who  grew  up  and  married  with  issue. 

8.  Allan,  sixth  son  of  Alexander  of  Inverinate 
and  Mary  Mackenzie  of  Dochmaluag,  left  no  male 

9.  Hugh,  seventh  son  of  Alexander  of  Inverinate 
and  Mary  Mackenzie  of  Dochmaluag,  will  be  men- 
tioned hereafter. 

10.  Christina,  daughter  of  Alexander  of  Inver- 
inate by  his  first  wife,  Margaret  Mackenzie  of  Red- 
castle,  married  Alexander  Matheson  of  Achtaytoralan, 
in  Lochalsh,  an  ancestor  of  the  Ardross  family. 

1  Sad  are  thy  seven  beloved  brothers,— the  parson  though  profound  is  his 
learning, — though  his  office  is  one  of  giving  comfort,  yet  he  surpassed  the 
others  in  his  grief. 

First  among  them  is  Duncan  of  the  silver  cups,  then  Christopher  and  the 
two  clergymen,  Farquhar,  Allan  of  the  auburn  hair,  and  Hugh,  who  was  sa.d 
after  thee. 



IX.  Duncan,  called  Donnachadh  nam  Pios.— His  Character  and 
Attainments.— Traditions  about  Him.— The  Silver  Herring.— 
The  Oak  Trees  at  Inverinatc— Duncan  as  a  Poet. — The 
Fernaig  Manuscript.  —  A  Valuable  Contribution  to  Gaelic 
Literature.— Eeligion  and  Politics  of  the  Poems  contained  in 
it.  — Professor  Mackinnon's  Estimate  of  Donnachadh  nam  Pios 
and  his  Work.— His  Tragic  End.— His  Marriage  and  Family.— 
X.  Farquhar.— His  Marriage  and  Family.— XI.  Duncan.— His 
Marriage  and  Family. 

IX.  DUNCAN,  eldest  son  of  Alexander  of  Inver- 
inate  (VIII.),  by  his  first  wife,  Margaret  Mackenzie 
of  Redcastle,  was  commonly  known  as  Donnachadh 
nam  Pios,  which  means  Duncan  of  the  silver  cups, 
a  name  said  to  have  been  given  to  him  probably  be- 
cause of  the  magnificence  of  his  table  service.  He 
was  a  man  of  high  character,  a  poet,  and  a  skilful 
mechanician,  and  many  anecdotes  and  traditions 
illustrative  of  his  attainments  are  still  related  about 
him  in  Kintail  and  Lochalsh.  It  is  said  that  when 
he  was  a  student  in  Edinburgh  he  assisted  in 
forming  a  plan  for  bringing  the  water  into  that 
citv-  There  is  a  tradition  that  on  one  occasion  a 
strange  ship  had  her  mast  broken  in  passing  through 
Kyle  Kea.  The  captain,  unable  to  proceed  any 
further,  was  advised  to  appeal  to  Duncan  for  help. 

88  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Duncan  took  the  matter  in  hand  himself,  and  spliced 
the  broken  mast  so  skilfully  that  the  joining  could 
hardly  be  seen,  and  in  return  for  this  service  the 
grateful  captain  gave  him  a  silver  herring,  which 
remained  for  a  long  time  an  heirloom  in  the  family, 
and  which  was  commonly  believed  by  the  people  of 
Kintail  to  possess  the  magic  power  of  attracting 
herring  into  Loch  Duich.  It  is  also  said  that  the 
oak  trees  at  Inverinate  were  reared  by  him  from 
acorns  that  he  brought  from  France.  There  is 
reason,  however,  to  believe  that  Duncan's  trees  have 
been  cut  down,  and  that  the  present  trees  are  not 
so  old  as  his  time. 

It  is,  however,  as  a  poet  that  Duncan  achieved 
his  greatest  distinction.  Fragments  of  poetry 
ascribed  to  him  still  survive  orally  among  the  people 
of  Kintail,  and  Professor  Mackinnon  of  Edinburgh 
University,  has  proved1  beyond  any  reasonable 
doubt  that  he  was  the  compiler  of  the  Ferndig 
Manuscript  and  the  author  of  many,  if  not  of  most, 
of  the  poems  contained  in  it.  This  manuscript, 
which  has  recently  been  printed'2  consists  of  two 
small  volumes  of  paper  in  pasteboard  covers,  about 
eight  inches  long  and  three  broad.  The  two 
volumes  together  consist  of  one  hundred  and 
twenty-eight  pages,  of  which  about  one  hundred 
and  five  are  closely  and  neatly  written  upon  in 
the  handwriting  of  the  period.      It  contains  about 

1  Transactions  of  the  Gaelic  Society  of  Inverness,  Volume  XI. 

2  Reliquue  Celticte,  left  by  the  late  Rev.  Alexander  Cameron,  LL.D., 
edited  l>y  Alexander  Macbain,  M.A..  and  the  Rev.  John  Kennedy,  and  pub- 
lished by  the  Northern  Counties  Newspaper  and  Printing  and  Publishing 
Company.  Limited,  Inverness,  1894. 



tour    thousand    two    hundred    lines.      It    was    com- 
menced   in    the    year    1(588.    and    the    latest    date 
mentioned  in   it   is  the  year    1G93.      The    spelling 
is    phonetic    and    very    difficult,    if    not    quite    un- 
readable,  for   one    who    is   accustomed    only    to   the 
modern  Gaelic  spelling.       In  addition  to  poems  by 
Duncan  himself,  the  manuscript  contains  poems  also 
by    writers    who    can    easily    he    identified    as    his 
relatives    and    kinsmen,    such   as    his    great-grand-/^ 
father,  Macculloch  of  Park  ;  his  father-in-law,  Mac- 
leod    of  Raasay;     his    brother,    the    Rev.    Donald 
Macrae  of  Entail.     There  are  poems  also  by  Bishop 
Carswell  of  the  Isles  ;    Alexander  Munro,  teacher, 
Strathnaver,     and     others.       The    history    of    the 
manuscript  from  the   time  of  the  writer  until  the 
present  century  is  unknown.       In  the  year  1807,  it 
was  in  the  possession  of  Mr  Matheson  of  Fernaig, 
father    of    the    late    Sir    Alexander    Matheson    of 
Ardross.      Hence    the    name    by    which    it    is    now 
known.       We  afterwards  find  it  in  the  possession  of 
Dr  Mackintosh  Mackay,  on  whose  death,   in   1873, 
it    was    handed    over    to    Dr  W.    F.   Skene.      It  is 
now  in  the  keeping  of  Mr  Alexander  Macbain,  of 

The  Fernaig  Manuscript  is  a  valuable  contribu- 
tion to  Gaelic  literature,  and  next  to  the  Dean  of 
Lismore's  book  it  is  said  to  be  the  most  important 
document  we  possess  for  the  study  of  older  Gaelic. 
But  it  possesses  more  than  mere  philological  value. 
Its  poetry,  which  is  mainly  religious  and  political, 
affords  an  agreeable  glimpse  of  the  religion  and  the 
politics  of  the  remote  Highlands  at  the  time  of  the 


Revolution.  In  Politics  the  authors  of  these  poems 
are  Jacobites,  in  Religion  they  are  ardent  Episco- 
palians, and  they  evidently  had  a  clear,  intelligent, 
and  comprehensive  grasp  of  the  great  questions  of 
the  day,  not  simply  as  those  questions  affected  their 
own  local  interests,  but  as  they  affected  the 
kingdom  as  a  whole.  Though  the  poems  deal  with 
the  state  of  the  country  in  unsettled  times  of 
warfare  and  revolution,  they  nevertheless  breathe, 
even  against  political  and  religious  opponents,  a 
spirit  of  kindly  toleration  which  must  afford,  at 
all  events  to  patriotic  Highlanders,  a  pleasing 
contrast  with  the  narrow  bigotry  and  religious 
intolerance  which  formed  so  striking  a  feature  of 
this  period  in  the  south  of  Scotland. 

"  He  (Donnachadh  nam  Pi5s)  was  undoubtedly," 
says  Professor  Mackinnon,  "  a  remarkable  man  and 
a  character  pleasant  to  contemplate.  I  have  no 
reason  to  doubt  that  there  were  many  like-minded 
Highland  gentlemen  living  in  those  days — cultured, 
liberal,  and  pious  men  ;  but  undoubtedly  Duncan 
Macrae,  the  engineer  and  mechanician,  the  ardent 
ecclesiastic,  the  keen  though  liberal-minded 
politician,  the  religious  poet,  and  collector  of  the 
literature  of  his  countrymen,  is  as  different  from  the 
popular  conception  of  a  Highland  Chief  of  the 
Revolution  as  can  well  be  conceived.  We  have 
it  on  the  testimony  of  Lord  Macaulay  that  Sir 
Ewen  Cameron  of  Lochiel  was  not  only  a  great 
warrior,  not  only  eminently  wise  in  council,  eloquent 
in  debate,  but  also  a  patron  of  literature.  It  is  a 
high  character  to  attain  in  that  rude  age,  and  from 





(5^ — 

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THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  91 

so  severe  a  judge  of  Highlanders  as  Lord  Macaulay 
undoubtedly  was.  Duncan  Macrae  did  not  possess 
the  great  gifts,  mental  and  physical,  of  Eoghan 
Dubh-.1  With  kindly  exaggeration  the  English 
historian  calls  Lochiel  the  Ulysses  of  the  Highlands. 
By  no  figure  of  speech  would  we  be  justified  in 
claiming  such  a  high  sounding  title  as  this  for 
Donnachadh  nam  Pios.  And  yet,  the  Highland 
chief  who,  among  the  distractions  of  Civil  War  and 
in  the  scanty  intervals  of  leisure  wrested  from  a 
useful,  honoured,  and  industrious  life,  sat  down 
to  compose  Gaelic  verse  and  to  collect  the  poems 
composed  by  his  countrymen  and  neighbours,  is 
highly  deserving  of  our  affection  and  admiration. 
Such  a  man  was  Duncan  Macrae. 

Altogether,  the  Fernaig  Manuscript  appears  to 
me  to  be  an  important  contribution  to  our  stock 
of  Gaelic  literature ;  the  political  and  religious 
intelligence,  the  devout  and  tolerant  spirit,  the 
strong  sense  and  literary  power  displayed  by  the 
various  writers  in  rude  and  turbulent  times,  are 
creditable  to  our  people,  while  the  enlightened 
compiler  is  a  Highland  Chief  of  whom  not  only  the 
Macraes,  hut  all  his  countrymen,  may  well  be 
proud."  2 

But  Duncan  was  not  merely  a  mechanician  and 
a  poet,  he  was  also  a  practical  man  of  the  world, 
and  prospered  in  his  affairs.      His  end,  however,  was 

1  Eoghau  Dubh  (Black  Ewen)  is  the  name  by  which  Sir  Ewen  Cameron  of 
Lochiel  was  usually  known  in  Gaelic. 

2  Professor  Mackiunou,  on  the  Fernaig  Manuscript  in  the  Transactions  of 
the  Gaelic  Society  of  Inverness,  Volume  XI. 


tragic.  Having  gone  on  one  occasion  to  the  "  Low 
Country "  to  negotiate  the  purchase  of  the  lands 
of  Affric  from  The  Chisholm,  he  was  returning  home 
accompanied  bv  a  single  attendant,  who  possessed 
the  fatal  and  involuntary  power  of  causing  anyone 
whom  he  might  happen  to  see  in  the  act  of  fording 
a  river  to  be  drowned.1  The  homeward  journey  was 
accomplished  by  Duncan  and  his  servant  without 
accident  or  mishap,  until  they  reached  Dorisduan  in 
the  Heights  of  Kintail.  Here  it  was  necessary  to 
cross  the  River  Conag,  which  happened  to  be  in 
flood.  The  servant  forded  the  river  in  safety,  and 
then  threw  himself  on  his  face  on  the  ground  lest  he 
might  chance  to  see  his  master  in  the  water.  Hav- 
ing remained  in  that  attitude  long  enough,  as  he 
thought,  for  his  master  to  gain  the  bank,  he  turned 
round  and  caught  sight  of  his  master,  who  was 
still  struggling  in  the  water,  and  who  immediately 
lost  his  footing  in  the  stream.  Duncan  succeeded, 
however,  in  recovering  himself,  and  in  getting 
sufficiently  near  the  bank  to  seize  hold  of  the 
branch  of  a  tree,  but  the  unfortunate  servant, 
losing  all  presence  of  mind  in  his  anxiety,  still  felt 

1  This  fatal  power  was  called,  at  all  events  in  some  parts  of  the  Highlands, 
"  Or  na  h'aoine  "  (the  charm  of  the  fast  or  of  Friday),  and  was  believed  to  be 
possessed  by  some  men  in  Kintail  within  very  recent  times.  A  man  well 
known  to  the  author  was,  on  one  occasion  about  forty  years  ago,  returning 
home  from  church,  with  his  wife,  on  a  wet  afternoon,  in  Strathcouon.  They 
were  accompanied  by  a  shepherd  from  Kintail,  and  on  the  way  they  had  to 
ford  a  stream  which  was  in  high  flood.  When  they  reached  the  stream  the 
shepherd  plunged  in,  waded  to  the  other  side,  and  then  stood  still  on  the 
opposite  bank,  with  his  back  to  the  stream,  until  the  other  man  and  his  wife, 
who  had  great  difficulty  in  crossing,  came  up  to  him.  The  man,  struck  by  the 
strange  behaviour  of  the  shepherd,  said  to  him—"  You  were  going  to  allow 
my  wife  and  myself  to  get  drowned  without  offering  to  help  us."     "  Perhaps," 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  93 

constrained  to  look  at  his  master,  who  vainly 
struggled  for  some  time  to  gain  the  bank,  but  finally 
lost  his  hold  and  was  drowned.  By  this  accident 
the  family  is  said  to  have  lost  "  much  property,"1  as 
Duncan  had  valuable  papers  on  his  person  at  the 
time,  and  among  them  the  title  deeds  of  Affric. 
Many  local  traditions  have  grown  round  the  death 
of  Donnachadh  nam  Pios,  and  the  sad  and  tragic 
event  has  been  commemorated  both  by  elegies  and 
pibrochs.  The  exact  date  of  Duncan's  death  is  not 
known,  but  it  was  some  time  between  1693  and 

Duncan  married  Janet,  daughter  of  Alexander 
Macleod,  fifth  laird  of  Raasay,  and  sister  of  John, 
sixth  laird,  commonly  called  Ian  Garbh.  Ian  Garbh, 
who  was  drowned  off  the  north  coast  of  Skye  while 
returning  from  a  visit  to  the  Lews,  left  no  issue, 
and  so  the  succession  to  the  estates  of  Raasay  came 
to  Janet  and  her  sister,  Giles,  who  were  served  heirs 
in  1688.  But  Janet  and  her  sister,  being  anxious 
to  maintain  the  dignity  of  their  own  clan,  resigned 
or  sold  their  rights  in  1692  to  their  cousin,  Alex- 
ander Macleod,  who  succeeded  as  the  seventh  chief 

replied  the  shepherd,  "  it  is  a  good  thing  for  you  and  your  wife  that  I  did  not 
offer  to  help  you."  The  shepherd  believed  that  he  possessed  the  same  fatal 
power  as  the  servant  who  accompanied  Donnachadh  nam  Pios,  and  that  if  he 
saw  the  man  and  his  wife  in  the  stream  they  would  both  be  drowned. 

1  Though  there  seems  to  be  no  documentary  evidence  of  this  loss,  yet 
Duncan  undoubtedly  held  lands  in  the  Chisholm  country.  There  is  a  sasine  on 
charter  of  apprising  under  the  Great  Seal  in  favour  of  Duncan  Macrae  of 
Inverinate,  of  the  lands  of  Meikle  Comer.  Comerroy,  aud  others,  in  the  parish 
of  Kilmorack  and  shire  of  Inverness.  At  Edinburgh,  10th  July,  1674,  and 
sasine  on  12th  September,  1674.  in  presence  of  Christopher  Macrae,  in  Beolak, 
in  Kintail,  and  others.  Alexander  Macrae,  in  Achachaik  'Achyark  ?),  as  Sheriff 
and  Bailie  in  that  part,  gives  sa-ine. 


of  the  family.  It  is  said  that  the  words  of  the 
satirical  ditty  known  in  the  west  of  Ross-shire  as 
Cailleach  Liath  Rasaidh  (the  grey  haired  old  woman 
of  Raasay)  were  composed,  on  hearing  of  this  trans- 
action, by  a  Kintail  wit,  who  was  probably  zealous 
for  the  dignity  of  the  Inverinate  family,  and  had 
perhaps  hoped  that  Raasay  might  come  into  their 
possession.  Janet  herself  appears  to  have  possessed 
poetic  talent,  and  is  said  to  have  composed  an  elegy 
on  the  death  of  her  husband.  By  her  Duncan  had 
issue — 

1.  Farquhar,  mentioned  below. 

2.  Kenneth,  who  was  one  of  the  ringleaders  of 
the  riot  at  Dingwall  Church  in  1704,  which  has  been 
already  referred  to.      He  married  and  left  issue. 

3.  John  married  and  left  issue.  There  is  a  John 
Macrae  of  Inverinate  mentioned  as  taking  a  pro- 
minent part  in  the  affair  of  Ath  nam  Muileach, 
and  this  Avas  probably  the  man. 

4.  Margaret,  who  married  the  Rev.  Finlay 
Macrae  of  Lochalsh,  with  issue,  as  already  men- 

5.  Another  daughter,  whose  name  is  not  recorded. 
X.  FARQUHAR,    eldest    son    of  Duncan    IX., 

about  whom  very  little  is  known,  married,  in  1694, 
Anne,  daughter  of  Simon  Mackenzie,  first  laird  of 
Torridon,  and  died  in  1711,  with  issue — 

1.  Duncan,  mentioned  below. 

2.  Christopher,  who  married  and  had  issue, 
at  least  one  son,  Farquhar,  called  Ferachar  Ban 
(Fair  Farquhar)  of  Fadoch.  He  married  Mary,  a 
sister  of  Archibald  Macra  of  Ardintoul.     This  Mary 


died  shortly  before  the  6th  June,  1823,  after  a 
married  life  of  sixty-two  years.  Her  husband  was 
alive  at  the  time  of  her  death,  but  he  was  com- 
pletely blind  and  almost  deaf  with  age.  He  died 
before  1826.  They  left  issue  — Hector  ;  Duncan; 
Alexander,  who  appears  to  have  been  educated  at 
at  Aberdeen,  and  to  have  graduated  M.A.  in  1803  ; 
John  ;  and  several  daughters,  one  of  whom,  Isabel, 
was  married  to  a  Duncan  Macrae,  who  was  dead 
in   1826. 

3.  John,  who  is  said  to  have  been  a  man  of 
great  physical  strength,  and  of  whom  it  is  related 
"that  on  one  occasion,  at  Loch  Hourn,  he  carried  away 
from  a  boat,  across  the  beach,  a  large  barrel  of  salt 
under  each  arm,  one  of  which  a  man  of  ordinary 
strength  could,  with  difficulty,  lift  from  the  ground.1 
John  is  witness  to  a  sasine  by  his  brother,  Duncan 
Macrae  of  Inverinate,  to  Florence  Mackenzie,  his 
spouse,  at  Coul,  10th  August,  1725. 

4.  Janet,  married  Christopher  Macrae,  at  Dru- 
daig,  a  descendant  of  the  Rev.  Donald,  son  of  the 
Rev.   Farquhar  Macrae  VII. 

l  The  following  extract  from  a  letter  written  in  Kintail  in  1826  refers  to 
this  incident,  and  is  worth  quoting  as  an  instance  of  the  usual  tendency  to 
magnify  the  ';  good  old  days  "  :  "I  have  heard  my  father  remark  that  the 
people  of  his  native  country  are  much  degenerated  in  strength,  as  many 
anecdotes,  still  well  known,  will  show.  One  trial  of  strength  he  often  spoke  of 
as  heiug  particularly  well  authenticated.  John  Macrae,  uncle  to  Farquh»r 
Macrae,  late  Fadoch,  was  at  Loch  Hourn  with  Simon  Murchison,  brother  of 
Alexander  of  Auchtertyre,  when  they  observed  a  man  carrying  up  salt  from 
the  seaside  to  the  beach,  a  barrel  at  a  time.  '  Do  you  see,'  says  Macrae,  '  that 
man  is  boasting.'  He  then  went  and  took  up  a  barrel  under  his  arm.  '  Will 
you,-  .-ays  he,  '  help  me  to  take  up  this  other  to  my  haunch  ?'  Simon  did  so 
with  very  great  difficulty,  and  Macrae  swaggered  away  with  both  up  to  the 
beach.     This  was  related  to  my  father  by  the  above  Simon  Murchison." 

9  b  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

5.   Mary,   who    married   Murdoch,   son   of  Far- 

quhar   Macrae    of  Morvich,    and    had,    with   other 

issue,  John,  the    Kintail    poet,  already  mentioned. 

6.  Anne,   who  married   Duncan    Macrae,   son  of 

Donald,  in  Glensheil. 

XT.  DUNCAN,  eldest  son  of  Farquhar  X.,  was 
served  heir  on  the  19th  March,  1725.  He  married 
Florence,  daughter  of  Charles  Mackenzie  of  Cullen 
(Kilcoy  family),  by  his  wife,  Florence,  daughter  of 
John  Mackenzie,  second  laird  of  Applecross,  and 
died  in  1726,  leaving  issue — 

1.  Farquhar,  mentioned  below. 

2.  Anne,  who  married  Captain  Home  and 
resided  with  him  in  France.  Mrs  Home  is  said 
to  have  been  the  first  to  bring  tea  to  Kintail.  The 
caddy  in, which  the  tea  was  brought  is  now  in  the 
possession  of  Mrs  Mackenzie,  of  Abbotsford  Park, 
Edinburgh,  the  great-granddaughter  of  Mrs  Home's 
brother,  Farquhar  of  Inverinate. 



XII.  Farquhar,  Last  of  Invcrinatc. — His  Marriages  and  Family. — 
Alexander. — Captain  Duncan  Macrae  and  his  Descend;  its. — 
Colonel  Kenneth  Macrae. — Jean  married  the  Rev.  John 
Macqueen  of  Applecross.  —  Her  Descendants.  —  Dr  John 
Macrae  and  his  Descendants.  —  Dr  Farquhar  Macrae. — 
Represents  Colin  Fitzgerald  in  Benjamin  West's  Painting 
in  Brahan  Castle. — Killed  in  a  Duel. — Madeline  Married 
the  Rev.  John  Macrae  of  Gleusheil. — Her  Descendants.— 
Anne  married  Lachlan  Mackinnon  of  Corriechatachan. — Her 
Descendants.— Florence  married  Captain  Kenneth  Mackenzie 
of  Kerrisdale.— Her  Descendants.— XIII.  Colin.— His  Marriage 
and  Family. — XIV.  John  Anthony.— His  Marriage  and  Family. 
— XV.  Colin  George. — His  Marriage  and  Family. 

XII.  FARQUHAR,  son  of  Duncan  XL,  was  the 
last  of  the  family  who  held  Inverinate  and  acted  as 
Chamberlain  of  Kintail.  Like  so  many  more  of  his 
Clan,  he  was  an  ardent  Jacobite,  and  narrowly 
escaped  trouble  in  1745.  Considering  all  that  tin- 
people  of  Kintail  had  suffered  at  the  hands  of  the 
supporters  of  the  House  of  Hanover,  both  in  1715 
and  again  in  1719,  it  is  no  matter  for  surprise  that 
in  1745  they  once  more  showed  signs  of  strong 
Jacobite  sympathies.  It  is  said  that,  notwith- 
standing Seaforth's  loyalty  to  the  House  of 
Hanover  at  that  time,  the  army  of  the  Prince  was 
joined  by  a   number  of  Macraes,  not  one  of  whom 


ever  again  returned  to  Kintail,  and  that  Farquhar, 
who  was  then  a  very  young  man,  was  so  strongly 
suspected  of  Jacobite  sympathies  that  he  was  placed 
for  some  time  under  arrest.  There  is  a  tradition 
that  on  one  occasion  he  was  mistaken  by  a  party  of 
the  King's  soldiers  for  the  Prince  himself,  who  had 
recently  passed  a  day  or  two  in  Kintail  in  the  course 
of  his  wanderings  after  the  battle  of  Culloden,  and 
that  they  took  him  to  Fort-William,  where  his 
mother  succeeded  in  satisfying  the  authorities  as  to 
his  identity,  and  so  secured  his  release.  Farquhar 
made  some  additions  to  the  Rev.  John  Macrae's 
Manuscript  History  of  the  Clan,  but  those  additions 
appear  to  have  been  limited  to  the  merest  outline  of 
his  own  family.  He  married  first,  on  the  22nd 
April,  1755,  Mary,  daughter  of  Alexander  Mac- 
kenzie, eighth  laird  of  Dochmaluag,  on  whose  death 
he  married,  as  his  second  wife,  Elizabeth,  widow  of 
Richard  Ord,  of  Inverness,  and  daughter  of  John 
Mackenzie,  son  of  Alexander,  seventh  laird  of 
Dochmaluag,  by  whom  he  had  no  issue.  He  died 
at  Inverness  in  December,  1789,  and  was  buried  in 
Kintail.  By  his  first  wife,  Farquhar  left  numerous 
issue — 

1.  Alexander,  born  10th  May,  1756,  and  died 
unmarried  in  Demerara. 

2.  Duncan,  born  8th  June,  1757.  He  received 
an  Ensign's  Commission  in  the  78th  Highlanders, 
which  was  raised  by  Lord  Seaforth  in  1793,  and 
served  with  that  regiment  in  India.  He  was 
promoted  Captain  in  1797,  and  retired  on  half- pay 
in  1805,       He  was  connected  at  various  times  with 


other  regiments  than  the  78th.  He  died  about 
1825.  Captain  Duncan  is  said  to  have  heen  a  man 
of  very  handsome  personal  appearance,  a  good 
Highlander,  and  a  generous  man.  He  married  first, 
on  the  4th  August,  1784,  Janet,  daughter  of  Alex- 
ander Murchison  of  Tarradale.  He  married,  as  his 
second  wife,  Christina,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  William 
Bethune  of  Kilmuir,  Skye.  By  his  first  wife  he  had 
issue — ■ 

a.  Kenneth,  horn  19th  May,  1785.  He  was 
educated  at  King's  College,  Aberdeen,  and  went 
to  London  in  1803  "to  be  placed  in  a  mercantile 
house."      He  was  afterwards  a  planter  in  Demerara. 

6.  Mary,  born  20th  August,  1786,  died  in  infancy. 

c.  Alexander,  born  28th  August,  1787.  He  was 
educated  at  Aberdeen,  and  was  afterwards  a  planter 
in  Demerara,  where  he  was  resident  for  half  a 
century.  He  is  the  author  of  a  "Manual  of 
Plantership  in  British  Guiana,"  which  was  published 
in  1856.  Alexander  married  and  left  three  daughters 
— Christina,  Mary,  and  Flora — but  no  male  issue. 
He  died  at  Southampton  in  1860  from  the  effects 
of  an  accident  he  met  with  on  the  homeward 
voyage  from  Demerara. 

d.  Mary  and  Margaret,  born  1st  February, 
1789,  died  in  infancy. 

Captain  Duncan  had  issue  also  by  his  second 
wife,  as  follows — 

e.  John 

f.  Duncan,  who  entered  Aberdeen  University 
in  1820,  and  attended  for  four  sessions,  but  did  not 
graduate.     He  died  unmarried  in  Demerara. 


g.  Mary,  who  was  born  at  Inverinate,  and  married 
Lieutenant  John  Robertson  Macdonald  of  Rodel,  in 
Hams,  with  issue,  one  daughter,  Jane,  unmarried. 

h.  Jessie,  who  married  Hector  Mackinnon  of  the 
Island  of  Egg,  with  issue  : — 

hi.  Duncan,  died  in  Australia. 

h2.  Lachlan  also  died  in  Australia. 

/i3.  Jessie,  who  married  a  Mr  Crawford. 

hi.  Flora,  who  married  a  Mr  Morrison,  with 

h5.  Alexandrina,  who  married  a  Mr  Finlayson. 

i.  Flora,  who,  on  2nd  February,  1826,  married 
Alexander  Macdonald  of  Vallay,  North  Uist,  with 
issue — 

il.  Alexander  Ewen,  in  Australia,  married,  with 

i2.  William  John,  a  Senator  of  Vancouver 
Island,  married,  with  issue — Flora ;  Edith  ;  Chris- 
tina ;  Reginald,  in  the  Royal  Artillery  ;  William,  in 
the  Royal  Navy  ;  Douglas. 

i'3.  Duncan  Alexander  Macrae,  in  Australia. 

ii.  Colin  Hector,  in  Australia,  married,  with 

i5.  Duncan,  in  Australia. 

i6.  Christina  Mary,  married  the  Rev.  John 
William  Tolmie,  of  Contin,  with  issue:  —  (l)  John, 
married  Alexandrina,  daughter  of  Donald  Macrae, 
Luskintyre,  in  Harris,  son  of  the  Rev.  Finlay 
Macrae;  (2)  the  Rev.  Alexander  Macdonald  Cornfute 
of  Southend,  Kintyre  ;  (3)  Margaret,  married  the 
Rev.  Archibald  Macdonald  of  Kiltarlity,  joint  author 
of  the  History  of  Clan  Donald,  with  issue,  Marion 


Margaret  Hope  ;  Christina  Mary  ;  Flora  Amy  Mac- 
ruari ;  (4)  Mary  Macrae  ;  (5)  Flora,  married  Charles 
Hoffman  Weatherall,  M.RC.V.S.,  in  India,  with 
issue  ;  (6)  Hugh  Macaskill,  in  New  Zealand  ;  (7) 
Gregory,  in  New  Zealand  ;  (8)  Williamina  Alex- 

i7.  Harriet  Margaret  married  Alexander  Allan 
Gregory,  of  Inverness,  with  issue: — (1)  Alexander, 
married  Miss  Stewart  (of  Murdostoun,  Lanarkshire), 
with  issue ;  (2)  Margaret  Maclean,  married  Francis 
Foster,  with  issue  ;  (3)  Harriett,  married  William 
Lindsay  Stewart  (of  Murdostoun) ;  (4)  Catherine 
Christina,  married  Charles  William  Dyson  Perrins, 
Esq.  of  Davenham,  Worcestershire,  and  of  Ardross 
Castle,  with  issue;  (5)  William;  (6)  Neil;  (7) 
Mary  ;  (8)  John,  in  the  Royal  Navy  ;  (9)  Reginald. 
i8.  Mary  Isabella  married  the  Rev.  Kenneth 
Alexander  Mackenzie,  LL.D.,  of  Kingussie,  with 
issue  :  —  John,  died  young  ;  Mary  Flora,  married 
Walter  Frederick  Rodolph  De  Watteville,  M.B.,  &c, 
of  Edinburgh  University  ;  Elizabeth. 

3.  Kenneth,  born  16th  July,  1758.  He  re- 
ceived a  Commission  in  the  old  78th,  afterwards  the 
72nd  Highlanders,  which  was  raised  by  the  Earl  of 
Seaforth  in  1778.  He  afterwards  served  in  the 
76th  Foot,  in  which  regiment  he  was  promoted 
Major  in  1795,  and  Lieutenant-Colonel  in 
1804.  He  served  with  his  regiment  in  India  with 
much  distinction.  In  one  of  his  dispatches  from 
India,  dated  26th  December,  1804,  and  giving  an 
account  of  the  capture  of  Deig,  General  Lake  says  : 
— "  I  myself  feel  under  the  greatest  obligation  to 


Lieutenant-Colonel  Macrae,  to  whose  conduct  on 
this  occasion  I  attribute  the  ultimate  success  of  the 
attack"  (on  Deig,  on  the  23rd  December,  1804). 
Colonel  Kenneth  also  took  a  prominent  part  in  the 
siege  and  capture  of  Bhurtpore  in  the  following 
year.  Among  the  casualties  at  the  siege  at  Bhurt- 
pore, there  was  a  Lieutenant  D.  Macrae  of  the  76th 
killed,  and  a  Lieutenant  J.  Macrae  of  the  same 
regiment  wounded,  on  the  21st  January,  1805. 
Colonel  Kenneth  Macrae  was  afterwards  Paymaster- 
General  of  Jamaica,  where  he  died  about  1814.  He 
married  a  Miss  Mackay  in  Jamaica,  but  left  no  issue. 

4.  Jean,  born  23rd  August,  1759.  She  married, 
in  1781,  the  Rev.  John  Macqueen,  of  Applecross, 
and  died  in  1847.  She  was  called  in  Kintail  "  The 
Sunbeam  of  Tullochard "  because  of  her  beauty. 
She  left  issue — 

a.  Donald,  a  planter  in  Demerara. 

b.  John,  a  Major  in  the  Army ;  married  a 
daughter  of  Judge  Bliss,  of  New  Brunswick,  and 
left  a  son,  John,  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Rifle  Brigade, 
and  other  issue. 

c.  George,  a  Captain  in  the  Rifle  Brigade. 

d.  Archibald,  who  was  Clerk  of  Arraigns  in 
Demerara,  and  died  unmarried. 

e.  Dr  Kenneth,  H.E.I.C.S.,  married,  but  left  no 
surviving  issue. 

f.  Farquhar,  a  Captain  in  the  Indian  Navy, 
married  and  left  issue. 

g.  Mary  ;  h,  Jane ;  i,  Jessie ;  k,  Beatrice. 

5.  John,  born  3rd  November,  1760,  was  a  Doctor 
of  Medicine,  H.E.I.C.S.  (Calcutta  and  Chittagong). 


He  married  the  daughter  of  a  Colonel  Erskine,  with 
issue — 

a.  John,  also  a  Doctor  of  Medicine,  H.E.I.C.S., 
married  and  left  one  daughter.  He  died  at  Monghyr, 
in  India,  early  in  1864. 

b.  Farquhar,  who  was  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Indian 
Army,  served  in  the  first  Burmese  War,  1824-6, 
and  died  in   1847. 

c.  Ellen  married  Mr  Lee  Warner,  without  issue. 

d.  Dora  married  James  Fraser  of  Achnagaim,  in 
Inverness-shire,  with  issue — 

d\.  Dora,  who  married  "Robert  Reid,  brewer, 
London,  without  issue. 

d2.  Jane,  who  married  Eyre  Lambert,  without 

dZ.  Helen,  who  married,  first,  Huntly  George 
Gordon  Duff  of  Muirtown,  with  issue:— (1)  Emily 
Dora,  who  died  young ;  (2)  Georgina  Huntly,  who 
married  Francis  Darwin  of  Elston,  Notts,  and  of 
Muirtown,  Inverness,  without  issue.  Helen  mar- 
ried, secondly,  Charles  Middleton  of  Middleton 
Lodge,  Ilkley,  Yorkshire,  with  issue;  (3)  Charles 
Marmaduke ;  (4)  Reginald  Charles  ;  (5)  Lionel 
George  ;  (6)  Mary  Hilda. 

e.  Georgina,  who  married,  3rd  March,  1831, 
Edmund  Currie  of  Pickford,  Sussex,  with  issue- 
el.  The  Very  Rev.  Edward  Reid  Currie,  D.D., 
Dean  and  Vicar  of  Battle,  in  Sussex,  married,  first, 
Geraldine  Dowdeswell,  only  child  of  Richard  Tyrrell, 
Esq.,  with  issue;  Edward  George.  He  married, 
secondly,  Frances  Emma,  only  daughter  of  the  Rev. 
William  Frederick  Hotham. 


e2.  Georgina  married  Sir  Augustus  Rivers 
Thompson,  K.C.S.I..  Lieutenant  Governor  of  Bengal. 

c3.  Eliza  Fredrica  married  George  William 
Moultrie,  of  the  Bank  of  Bengal. 

ei.  Mary  Catherine. 

c5.  Dora  married  Nathaniel  Stewart  Alexander, 
Bengal  Civil  Service. 

6.  Charles,  born  26th  June,  1762,  died  young. 

7.  Farquhar,  born  30th  March,  1764.  He  was 
a  Doctor  of  Medicine,  and  was  appointed  Medical 
Officer  to  Lord  Macartney's  Embassy  to  China  in 
1792-4.  He  was  afterwards  killed  in  a  duel  with  a 
Major  Blair  in  Demerara  in  1802.  He  left  no  issue. 
He  is  said  to  have  been  "  handsome  and  comely  in 
personal  appearance,  and  strong  in  proportion." 
His  portrait  is  represented  as  Colin  Fitzgerald, 
the  reputed  founder  of  the  House  of  Seaforth  in 
Benjamin  West's  celebrated  deer  hunt  painting  in 
Brahan  Castle.  There  is  an  interesting  tradition 
with  regard  to  the  manner  in  which  Farquhar  came 
to  be  chosen  as  the  model  for  Colin  Fitzgerald.  It 
is  said  that  the  artist  accidentally  saw  him  one  day 
in  Hyde  Park,  and,  being  struck  by  his  appearance, 
asked  him  if  he  would  sit  as  a  model  for  the  founder 
of  the  House  of  Seaforth,  which  he  readily  consented 
to  do.  Farquhar  was  not  only  a  native  of  the 
ancestral  country  of  the  Seaforths,  but  was  also 
closely  related  to  that  family,  and  it  is  a  remarkable 
fact  that  he  should  have  struck  the  artist,  to  whom 
he  is  said  to  have  been  a  perfect  stranger,  as  a 
suitable  representative  for  the  hero  of  the  painting. 

8.  Madeline,  born    2nd   October,   1765.       She 

THE    HISTORY    OP   THE   CLAtf   MACRAE.  105 

married,  on  the  27th  June,  1782,  the  Rev.  John 
Macrae,  M.A.,  minister  of  Glensheil,  and  died  on  the 
21st  January,  1837.  The  Rev.  John  Macrae,  who 
was  a  native  of  the  neighbourhood  of  Dingwall,  was 
educated  at  Aberdeen.  He  was  ordained  to  the 
parish  of  Glensheil  in  1777,  and  died  there  in  1823, 
aged  seventy-five  years.  By  him  Madeline  had 
issue — 

a.  Alexander,  born  in  1783,  died  young. 

b.  Mary,  born  in  1785,  married  in  1814,  Donald 
Munro  (of  the  family  of  Lealty,  in  Ross-shire),  and 
died  in  1844,  leaving  issue — 

b\.  Madeline,  who  married  the  Rev.  Alexander 
Fraser  Russell,  M.A.,  Free  Church  minister  of  Kil- 
modan,  in  Argvlesh ire,  with  issue: — (l)  Sir  James 
Alexander  Russell,  M.D.,  L.L.D..  &c,  Lord  Provost 
of  Edinburgh,  1891-94.  He  married  Marianne  Rae, 
daughter  of  James  Wilson,  Esq.,  of  Edinburgh,  and 
niece  of  Professor  Wilson  (Christopher  North),  with- 
out issue;  (2)  The  Rev.  John  Munro  Russell,  M.A., 
B.D.,  minister  of  the  Scottish  Church,  Cape  Town. 
He  married  Nancy  Eliza,  daughter  of  the  Rev. 
Robert  Elder,  D.D.,  Free  Church  minister  of  Rothe- 
say, with  issue — Alexander  Fraser  ;  Robert  Elder  ; 
Madeline  Mary;  Ian  Robson  ;  (3)  Donald  George,  a 
tea  planter  in  India,  died  in  Edinburgh  in  1897  ; 
(4)  William  John,  M.B.,  died  at  Wandsworth  in 
1883  ;  (5)  Duncan  Kenneth  Campbell,  a  Civil 
Engineer  ;  (G)  Tindal  Mackenzie,  died  young ;  (7) 
Alexander  Fraser,  M.A.,  M.B.,  &c,  Army  Medical 
Department,  married  Laura  Charlotte,  daughter  of 
Colonel    Frederick    Prescott    Forteath    of    Newton, 


Elginshire,  with  issue— James  Forteath,  Margaret 
Marianne ;  (8)  Mary  Florence  Beatrice,  died  young. 
b2.  Isabella,  now  (1897)  residing  at  Abbotsford 
Park,  Edinburgh,  married  John  Mackenzie,  Leguan, 
British  Guiana,  with  issue:  —  (1)  Gilbert  Proby, 
Surgeon  -  Major  Indian  Medical  Service,  married 
Jane  Scott,  and  died  in  1890,  leaving  issue — John, 
Indian  Staff  Corps ;  Thomas  Rennie  Scott ;  George 
Kenneth ;  Isabella;  Emma;  Gilbert  Proby;  (2)  Donald 
George,  Captain,  Indian  Staff  Corps,  married  Mary 
Ruth,  daughter  of  Captain  G.  M.  Prior,  R.A.,  and 
died  in  India  in  1885,  leaving  issue  —  Isabella 
Florence  Ruth;  Ethel  Lucy;  (3)  Charles  Tindal 
Grant,  died  young. 

b3.  John  died  unmarried  in  Australia. 

64.  Anne  married  Allan  Cameron,  with  issue. 

65.  Christina  Flora  married  George  Ross  in 
Demerara,  with  issue. 

66.  Donald  married  Maggie  Muir,  with  issue. 

c.  Isabella,  born  1786,  married  John  Campbell, 
farmer,  Duntulm,  in  Skye,  and  died  in  1849,  leaving 
numerous  issue. 

d.  Florence,  born  1788,  married  Duncan  Macrae 
of  the  Torlysich  family,  and  died  in  1865,  with 
issue,  one  son,  Francis  Humberston,  who  married 
in  Tasmania,  and  left  issue,  two  sons  and  one 

e.  Beatrice,  born  1790,  married  the  Rev.  Alex- 
ander Campbell,  minister  of  Croy,  and  died  in  1877, 
with  issue — 

el.  Rev.  Patrick  Campbell,  minister  of  Kil- 
learnan,  in  Ross-shire,  died  unmarried. 


c2.  Madeline  married  James  M'Inroy,  with  issue. 

t>3.  Jane  married  the  Rev.  James  M.  Allardyce, 
D.D.,  minister  of  Bowden,  in  Roxburghshire,  with 
issue,  one  son,  who  died  young. 

e4.  Duncan  died  in  Calcutta. 

e5.  Charlotte  married  Captain  Hamilton, 
H.E.I.C.S.,  with  issue,  one  son,  Dr  Archibald 

e6.  Rev.  Colin  A.  Campbell,  minister  of  Lyne, 

f.  Duncan,  born  1796,  died  in  Florida. 

g.  Christina,  born  1798,  married  Lieutenant 
Farquhar  Macrae  of  the  78th  Highlanders,  Torly- 
sich  family,  of  whom  hereafter. 

h.  Rev.  John  Macrae,  born  21st  November, 
1799.  He  succeeded  his  father  as  minister  of 
Glensheil  in  1823,  became  minister  of  Glenelg  in 
1840,  and  died  on  the  7th  July,  1875.  He  married 
in  1826  Jamesina  Fraser,  daughter  of  Norman 
Macleod  of  Ellanriach,  Glenelg,  and  by  her,  who 
died  in  1852,  he  had  issue — 

hi.  John  Kenneth,  who  was  Deputy-Commis- 
sioner at  Rangoon,  and  married  Elizabeth  Dunbar, 
with  issue ;  John  Dunbar  ;  Norman  Farquhar ; 
Hugh  ;  Madeline  ;  Catherine  ;  Florence. 

h2.  Norman  James,  an  Indian  missionary,  mar- 
ried Jessie,  daughter  of  Dr  John  Junor,  Peebles, 
without  issue. 

hZ.  Alexa  married  Hugh  Bogle,  Esq.,  of  Glasgow, 
with  issue  : — (1)  Margaret  Kennedy  married  Frank 
Crossman  ;  (2)  Madeline  Macrae  married  Harry 
Calthorpe,   with   issue ;    (3)    Gilbert  married   Alice 


Galloway,  with  issue ;  (4)  John  Stewart  Douglas ; 
(5)  William  Lockhart,  a  distinguished  artist,  whose 
paintings  of  Highland  subjects  are  well  known  at 
the  annual  exhibitions  of  the  Royal  Academy.  He 
is  married  to  Margaret,  daughter  of  Peter  Maclean 
of  Dunvegan,  Skye ;  (6)  Rosalind  De  Vere ;  (7) 
Mary  Innes  married  George  Kynoch  ;  (8)  Norman 
Archibald  died  in  Burmah  in  1894. 

hi.  Madeline  Charlotte  married  the  Rev.  Colin 
A.  Campbell,  minister  of  Lyne,.  Peeblesshire,  without 

h5.  Forbes.      /i6.  Catherine  Christina  Sibella. 

^.  Kenneth,  born  in  1802,  died  unmarried  in 

9.  Anne,  born  21st  March,  1768,  married  in 
1794  Lachlan  Mackinnon,  Esq.  of  Corriechatachan, 
in  Skye,  who  died  in  1828,  aged  56  years,  leaving 
issue — ■ 

a.  Lachlan,  who  married,  first,  Catherine, 
daughter  of  Duncan  Macdougall  of  Ardentrive,  by 
whom  he  had  issue,  five  daughters,  one  of  whom 
married  Archibald  Roberts  Young,  of  the  Bengal 
Civil  Service,  with  issue.  He  married,  secondly, 
Charlotte,  daughter  of  General  Sir  John  Hope, 
without  surviving  issue. 

6.  Anne,  who  in  1815  married  the  Rev.  John 
Mackinnon,  minister  of  Strath,  in  Skye,  with 
issue — 

61.  The  Rev.  Donald  Mackinnon,  D.D.,  also 
minister  of  Strath.  He  married,  first,  Flora, 
daughter  of  Dr  Farquhar  Mackinnon  of  Kyle,  in 
Skye,    and    secondly,    Emma    Flora,    daughter    of 


Colonel  William  Macleod,  of  the  Madras  Army, 
and  by  her  had  issue — John  William  Macleod  ; 
Lachlan  Kenneth  Scobie  ;  Donald  ;  Charles  John  ; 
Archibald  ;  Godfrey  William  Went  worth  ;  Emma 
Flora ;  Annie  Emily. 

b'2.  Lachlan,  of  Melbourne,  in  Australia,  and  of 
Elfordleigh,  in  Devonshire,  who  was  one  of  the 
original  founders  of  The  Melbourne  Argus.  He 
married,  first,  Jane,  daughter  of  Robert  Mont- 
gomery, of  Belfast,  and  secondly,  Emily,  daughter 
of  Lieutenant  Bundock,  R.N. 

bZ.  John  Murray  Macgregor  of  Ostaig  House, 
Skye,  who  married  Christina,  widow  of  Archibald 
Smith,  Esq. 

64.  Charles  Farquhar,  of  Melbourne,  Australia, 
died  unmarried. 

bb.  Surgeon-General  Sir  William  Alexander 
Mackinnon,  K.C.B.,  LL.D.,  &c,  Knight  of  the 
Legion  of  Honour  in  France,  &c,  who  was  born  in 
1830,  and  educated  at  Edinburgh  and  Glasgow 
Universities.  He  joined  the  army  in  1853,  and 
was  appointed  Assistant-Surgeon  to  the  Forty- 
Second  Highlanders.  He  served  with  that  regi- 
ment during  the  Crimean  War,  being  present  at 
Alma,  Balaclava,  Kertch,  and  Sebastopol,  for  which 
he  received  the  medal  with  three  clasps  ;  was 
appointed  Knight  Commander  of  the  Legion  of 
Honour ;  and  received  the  Turkish  medal.  He 
afterwards  served  on  the  personal  staff  of  Lord 
Clyde  in  the  Indian  Mutiny  in  1857,  taking  part 
in  the  campaigns  of  Rohilcund  and  Oude,  and  in  the 
actions  of  Bareilly  and  others.     He  served  in  New 

110         THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

Zealand  from  1862  to  1866  as  Surgeon  of  the  Fifty- 
Seventh  Regiment ;  was  appointed  Sanitary  Officer 
and  Field-Surgeon  to  the  New  Zealand  forces,  and 
was  present  at  various  engagements.  For  these 
services  he  received  the  Companionship  of  the 
Bath.  He  was  Assistant-Professor  of  Clinical  and 
Military  Surgery  at  the  Army  Medical  Hospital 
from  1867  to  1873.  In  1874,  he  was  appointed 
principal  Medical  Officer  in  the  Ashantee  War,  and 
was  promoted  to  be  Deputy-Surgeon-General.  He 
was  principal  Medical  Officer  also  at  Aldershot  and 
Colchester,  and  in  China,  Malta,  and  Gibraltar,  and 
is  Honorary  Surgeon  to  the  Queen.  In  1889,  he 
attained  the  highest  rank  in  his  profession,  being 
appointed  in  that  year  Director-General  of  the 
Army  Medical  Department.  In  1891,  he  was 
created  a  Knight  Commander  of  the  Bath,  and 
finally,  after  forty-three  years  of  service,  retired 
from  the  army  on  the  7th  May,  1896.  His  career 
has  thus  been  one  of  great  distinction.  Lord  Clyde, 
General  Sir  Duncan  A.  Cameron,  and  others  have 
borne  the  strongest  testimony  to  his  fearless  and 
efficient  devotion  to  duty  on  active  service  ;  and  on 
the  3rd  July,  1894,  the  Secretary  for  War  declared 
in  Parliament  that  "  there  could  be  no  more  efficient 
or  just  chief  of  the  Army  Medical  Department  than 
Sir  William  Mackinnon." 1 

66.  Colin    Macrae    married   Anne,   daughter   of 
Robert  Saunders  Webb,  Esq.,  with  issue. 

67.  Godfrey   Bosville,   of  Melbourne,  Australia, 

1 A  portrait  and  biographical  sketch  of  Sir  William  Mackinnon  appeared  in 
tlie  Celtic  Monthly  for  August,  1896, 



married  Maggie,  daughter  of  Charles  Macdonald, 
Esq.  of  Ord,  Skye,  with  issue  -.—John  ;  Annie ; 
Mary  Anne  ;  Charles  Macdonald  ;  William  ;  Neilly. 

68.  Ann  Susan,  died  young. 

69.  Mary  Jane,  died  young. 

610.  Catherine  Charlotte,  died  in  1890. 

611.  Louisa  Houptoun,  married  John  Henry 
Stonehouse  Lydiard,  son  of  Admiral  Lydiard,  K.N., 
with  issue,  and  is  now  living  in  Melbourne. 

612.  Flora    Downie,    now    of    Duisdale   House, 


c.  Mary,  married  Lieutenant-Colonel  Duncan 
Mackenzie,  with  issue  :— George  and  Lachlan,  both 
in  the  Indian  Service. 

d.  Charles,  married  Henrietta,  daughter  of  Cap- 
tain Studd,  H.E.I.C.S.,  with  issue— 

dl.  Victoria,  married  Major-General  Colin  Mac- 
kenzie, of  the  Indian  Army,  with  issue  :— (1)  Colin 
John,  Major  2nd  Battalion  Seaforth  Highlanders 
(Ross-shire  Buffs).  He  served  in  the  Egyptian 
Campaign,  the  Burmese  Campaign,  the  Black  Moun- 
tain Expedition,  and  the  Hunga  Nagar  Campaign 
in  Cashmere.  (2)  Charles  Alexander  ;  (3)  Ronald 
Pearson,  M.D.;  (4)  Mary  Charlotte  ;  (5)  Henrietta 
Studd;  (6)  Victor  Herbert,  of  the  British  East 
Africa  Company,  died  in  1892  ;  (7)  Kenneth 
Lascelles;  (8)  Frederick  William,  R.N.;  (9)  Henry 
Studd  ;  (10)  Morna  ;  (11)  Annie  Stuart. 

d-2.  Anne,  married  General  John  Stewart,  of  the 
Indian  Army. 

c/3.  Flora  Jane,  married  Dr  Clarke,  of  the  Indian 
Army,  with  issue, 


cU.  Harriet,  married  Colonel  Prinsep,  of  the 
Indian  Army,  with  issue. 

d5.  Jessie,  married  Captain  Poynter,  with  issue. 

d6.  Mary,  married  Captain  Murray,  with  issue. 

dl .  Susan  Margaret,  married,  in  1877,  Algernon 
St  Maur,  fifteenth  Duke  of  Somerset. 

d%.  Henrietta,  married  a  Mr  Sargent,  with  issue. 

e.  Farquhar,  Lieutenant  H.E.I.C.S.,  died  at  the 
Cape  of  Good  Hope  in  1825. 

f.  Flora,  died  unmarried. 

g.  Margaret,  married  Captain  D.  Macdonald,  of 
the  42nd  Highlanders,  with  issue  : — 

gl.  Farquhar;  g'2  Archibald;  g3  Lachlan  ;  </4 

gb.  Catherine,  married,  first,  Donald  Keid,  Esq., 
and  secondly,  General  Macleod. 

g6.  Ann  Mary,  married  M.  H.  Court,  Esq.,  of 
Castlemans,  Berks. 

h.  Alexander  Kenneth,  married,  first,  Flora, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Downie,  D.D.,  of 
Lochalsh,  with  issue — 

hi.  Alister,  died  in  India  in  1860. 

h2.  Annabella,  married  Admiral  Rutherford, 

Alexander  Kenneth  married,  secondly,  Barbara, 
daughter  of  Captain  Daniel  Reid,  R.N.,  with  issue — 

%3.  Flora  Downie.     h4.  Catherine. 

h5.  Annie  Flora,  married  Robert  Currie, 
H.E.I.C.S.,  with  issue. 

hG.  Charlotte. 

hi.  Lachlan  Charles,  of  The  Melbourne  Argus, 
mamed,  as  his  second  wife,  Emily  Grace  Bundock . 


Mackinnon,  adopted  daughter  of  his  cousin,  Lachlan 
Mackinnon,  of  Elfordleigh,  with  issue. 
h8.  Daniel,  died  unmarried. 

/;9.    Charles,    married    Constance,    daughter    of 
Colonel  Wright,  with  issue. 
hlO.  Thomas  Mackenzie. 

i.  Kenneth,  a  Doctor  H.E.I.C.S.,  married  Jessie, 
daughter  of  Captain  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  of  Kerris- 
dale,  with  issue — 

i\.  Catherine  Mary,  married  Robert  Scott 
Moncrieff,  with  issue:— (1)  Jessie  Margaret,  married 
George  Scott  Moncrieff,  Sheriff  of  Inverness,  with 
issue— Colin  ;  John.  (2)  Charlotte,  married  Charles 
Watson,  grandson  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Chalmers, 
D.D.,  with  issue  ;  (3)  Susan  ;  (4)  Mary  Catherine, 
married  Wellington  Ray,  M.A.,  with  issue  ;  (5) 
Robert  Lawrence,  in  Buenos  Ayres,  married 
Victoria  Troutbeck  ;  (6)  Kenneth,  an  electrical 
engineer  in  India;  (7)  William  Elmslie,  Indian 
Medical  Service  ;  (8)  Catherine,  B.A.,  of  London 
University  ;  (9)  David. 

»2.  Flora  Anne,  married  Major  John  Ross,  of 
Tilliscorthy,  Aberdeenshire,  with  issue  :— (1)  John, 
British  Consul,  Fiji  Islands  ;  (2)  Alexander,  British 
Consul  at  Beira;  (3)  Helen,  married  W.  J.  Bundock 
Mackinnon;  (4)  Jessie  ;  (5)  Charles;  (6)  Robert. 

iB.  Jessie,  married  Dr  A.  Halliday  Douglas, 
Edinburgh,  with  issue:— (1)  Kenneth  Mackinnon, 
M.D.,  married  Florence  Amy  Leslie,  with  issue- 
Jessie  Margery;  Kenneth;  Archibald.  (2)  Rev. 
Andrew  Halliday  Douglas,  M.A.,  Presbyterian 
minister,  Cambridge,  married  Isabel  Lumsden  Love, 

114         THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

with  issiie,  Margaret  Isabel  Mackinnon  ;  (3)  Charles 
Mackinnon,  D.Sc,  Lecturer,  Edinburgh  University, 
married  Anne  Tod. 

i4.  Charles  Kenneth,  Colonel  in  the  Indian  Army, 
married  Miss  Broadfoot. 

ib.   Kenneth  Hector,  died  unmarried. 

j.  Jessie,  married  Hugh  Macaskill,  of  Mornish. 

k.  Johanna,  married  the  Rev.  James  Morrison, 
of  Kintail,  with  issue — 

kl.  Rev.  Roderick  Morrison,  born  1839,  also 
minister  of  Kintail,  who  died  at  Kintail  Manse  11th 
June,  1897. 

1'2.  Annie,  married  William  Dick,  Esq. 

k3.  Jane. 

/.  Susannah,  and  Jane  (twins),  died  unmarried. 

10.  Hector,  born  September,  1722,  died  young. 

11.  Florence  married  Captain  Kenneth  Mac- 
kenzie of  Kerrisdale,  in  Gairloch,  younger  son  of 
Sir  Alexander  Mackenzie,  third  baronet  of  Gairloch, 
with  issue — 

a.  Alexander,  a  Captain  in  the  58th  Regiment, 
married  Ellen,  daughter  of  William  Beibly,  M.D., 
President  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  Edinburgh, 
with  issue — 

«1.   Kenneth,  a  planter  in  Bengal. 

«2.  William,  Deputy  Postmaster-General  in 
India — retired. 

«3.   Julius,  an  engineer  in  Birmingham,  married, 
with  issue. 

a4.  Frank,  a  planter  in  India,  married,  with 

b.  Hector  died  unmarried  in  Java. 

THE   HISTORY   OF   THE   CLAN    MACRAE.  1  1  5 

c\  Farquhar  went  to  Victoria,  where  he  married 
and  left  issue :— Hector  ;  John;  Violet;  Mary;  Flora. 

(/.  Jean  married  William  H.  Garrett,  of  the 
Indian  Civil  Service,  with  issue — 

dl.   Edward.      (12.   William. 

dS.  Eleanor,  married,  first,  Dr  Calder,  H.E.I.C.S., 
with  issue  : — (l)  William,  died  without  issue  ;  (2)  Ed- 
ward, Captain,  Mercantile  Service, married,  with  issue. 

Eleanor  married,  secondly,  Gershom  Gourlay, 
Esq.,  of  the  firm  of  Gourlay  Brothers,  engineers, 
Dundee,  with  issue;  (3)  Henry,  of  the  firm  of 
Gourlay  Brothers  ;  (4)  Jane,  died  young- ;  (5) 
Miriam,  died  young ;  (6)  Frederick,  a  civil  engineer, 
married  Agnes,  daughter  of  the  Venerable  Arch- 
deacon John  Edward  Herring,  with  issue;  (7) 
Florence,  died  young;  (8)  Charles,  of  the  firm  of 
Gourlay  Brothers,  married  Fanny  Gordon  ;  (9) 
Morris,  died  young;  (10)  Margaret,  married  J. 
Campbell  Penney,  with  issue;  (11)  Kenneth  Mac- 
kenzie married  Grace,  daughter  of  D.  M.  Watson 
of  Greystone,  with  issue  ;  (12)  Frank,  a  Doctor  of 

di.   Flora  died  young,     f/5.  Emily. 

c/6.  Elizabeth  married  James  Bell,  Esq.,  Dundee, 
with  issue  :— (1)  James,  merchant  in  Dundee,  mar- 
ried, with  issue;  (2)  Morris,  a  civil  engineer, 
married,  with  issue ;  (3)  Grace  married,  with  issue ; 
(4)  Jane  married,  with  issue;  (5)  Thomas;  (G) 
William  ;  (7)  Son. 

e.  Mary  married,  first,  Dr  Macleod,  Dingwall, 
without  issue,  and  secondly,  Murdo  Mackenzie, 
Calcutta,  also  without  issue. 

116          THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

f.  Christian  Henderson  married  John  Mackenzie, 
solicitor,  Tain,  a  son  of  George  Mackenzie,  third  of 
Pitlundie,  with  issue  : — George  ;  Kenneth. 

g.  Jessie  married  Dr  Kenneth  Mackinnon,  of  the 
Corriechatachan  family,  H.E.I.C.S.,  Calcutta. 

12.  Colin,  of  whom  next. 

XIII.  COLIN,  youngest  son  of  Farquhar  Macrae 
of  Inverinate  and  Mary  Mackenzie  of  Dochmaluag, 
was  born  on  the  14th  March,  1776.  He  was  a 
merchant  and  planter  in  Demerara,  where  he  rose  to 
a  position  of  importance  and  prominence.  He  was 
Colonel  Commandant  of  the  Colonial  Militia,  a 
member  of  the  Colonial  Legislation,  and  one  of  the 
negotiators  of  the  cession  of  Demerara  to  England 
after  the  Peace  of  1814.  He  married  Charlotte 
Gertrude,  daughter  of  John  Cornelius  Vandenheuvel,1 
Esq.,  of  Demerara,  who  was  for  some  time  Governor 
of  that  Colony  when  it  belonged  to  the  Dutch,  and 
by  her  had  issue,  as  below.  Colin  died  in  Edin- 
burgh on  the  25th  October,  1854. 

1.  Charlotte  married  Captain  Edward  Brook 
Vass,  with  issue — Charlotte  Gertrude  ;  Catherine 
Murat ;  Maria  Cornelia. 

1  The  Vandenheuvel  family  came  originally  from  Germany,  which  they 
were  obliged  to  quit  at  the  time  of  the  Reformation  in  consequence  of  their 
adhesion  to  the  Protestant  cause.  This  they  did,  however,  with  the  permis- 
sion of  the  Emperor  Charles  V.,  and  settled  for  a  time  in  Brabant.  Shortly 
afterwards  the  head  of  the  family  rendered  an  important  military  service  to 
the  Emperor,  for  which  he  received  a  patent  of  nobility,  the  addition  of  a 
sword  to  his  eoat-of-arms,  and  a  medal  which  was  recently,  and  is  probably 
still,  in  the  possession  of  his  descendants.  One  of  his  sons  eventually  returned 
to  Germany,  and,  having  made  profession  of  the  Koman  Catholic  religion,  he 
obtained  possession  of  the  old  family  estates.  The  eldest  son,  however, 
remained  in  the  Netherlands,  and  from  him  was  descended  in  a  direct  line  the 
.-aid  .John  Cornelius  Vandenheuvel.  of  Demerara. 


2.  Farquhar,  drowned  in  1838  off  Cape  Hatteras, 
in  America,  while  trying  to  rescue  another  man. 

3.  Maria  Cornelia  married  Dr  James  Sewell, 
son  of  Chief  Justice  Sewell,  of  Quebec,  with  issue — 
James;  Justine;  Colin;  Edward;  Hope;  Horace. 

4.  John  Anthony,  who  succeeded  as  representa- 
tive of  the  Inverinate  family,  and  of  whom  hereafter. 

5.  Colin  Wilson  married  Louisa  Elliott,  without 

G.  Justine  Henriette  married,  26th  December, 
1833,  Horatio  Ross,  Esq.  of  Rossie,  Forfarshire,  and 
Wyvis,  Ross-shire,  Captain  in  the  14th  Light 
Dragoons,  and  some  time  M.P.  for  Aberdeen  and 
the  Montrose  Burghs.  She  died  at  Southsea  in 
1894,  leaving  issue — 

a.  Horatio  Senftenberg  John,  Esq.,  of  the  Indian 
Civil  Service,  married  Caroline  Latour  St  George, 
daughter  of  Sir  Theophilus  St  George,  Bart.,  with 

b.  Hercules  Grey,  Esq.,  of  the  Indian  Civil 
Service,  who  distinguished  himself  during  the 
Indian  Mutiny,  married,  with  issue. 

c.  Colin  George,  Esq.,  sometime  of  Wyvis,  and 
later  of  Gruinards,  Ross-shire,  married,  with  issue. 

d.  Edward  Charles  Russell,  who  was  winner  of 
the  Queen's  prize  at  the  first  Wimbledon  Meeting 
in  1860,  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Lunacy,  &c, 
married  Margaret  Seymour  Osborne,  with  issue. 

e.  The  Rev.  Robert  Peel,  a  clergyman  of  the 
Church  of  England,  some  time  Rector  of  Drayton 
Bassett,  in  Staffordshire,  married,  with  issue. 

7.  Alexander    Charles,    M.D.,   formerly   In- 


spector-General  of*  Hospitals,  Army  Medical  Depart- 
ment, married  Charlotte  Eeid,  with  issue — 

a  Fanny  Catherine  Ousley  married  on  the  26th 
April,  1866,  Robert  George,  son  of  Sir  Frederick 
Larkins  Currie,  Bart.,  and  died  on  the  17th 
September,  1870,  leaving  issue,  a  son  and  two 

h.  Charles  Colin,  born  1843,  M.A.  University 
College,  Oxford,  barrister-at-law  in  London,  and  of 
Oakhurst,  Oxted,  Surrey,  formerly  Secretary  of  the 
Legislative  Council  of  Bengal,  married  Cecilia, 
daughter  of  Samuel  Laing,  Esq.,  M.P.,  with  issue — 
Charles  Alexander  ;  Frank  Laing. 

c,  Louisa. 

8.  Isaac  Vandenheuvel,  born  12th  June,  1819, 
a  clergyman  of  the  Church  of  England,  and  now 
(1897)  Vicar  of  "Brassington,  in  Derbyshire.  He 
married  Elizabeth  Johnson,  with  issue — 

a.  Christina  Elizabeth  married,  6th  September, 
1894,  John  Eaton  Fearn,  with  issue  —  Francis; 
Russel  Colin. 

b  Colin  John. 

9.  Robert  Campbell  married,  25th  October, 
1853,  Jane  Eliza,  eldest  daughter  of  Vice- Admiral 
Mark  John  Currie,  and  died  11th  February,  1896, 
with  issue — 

a.  Farquhar  Campbell. 

/;.  Mark  Reginald  married  Nancy  Dill,  with  issue. 

C  Junita  Gertrude  married  Harry  William  Antill, 
with  issue. 

(/.  Justine  Alice  married  William  Mathias  Lan- 

THE    HISTORY    OF  THE   CLAN    MACRAE.  11'.* 

i\  Harold  John  married  Maggie  von  Broda; 

f,  Colin  Tisdall. 

g.  Horace  Duncan  died  unmarried  in  1885. 
h,  Marshall. 

i.  Hilda  married  William  Arthur  Warwick  Her- 
ring, with  issue. 

j.  Marv  Edith  married  Peter  Felix  Mackenzie- 
Richards,  with  issue. 

10.  Margaret  Elizabeth  married  John  Ken- 
nedy, Esq.  of  Underwood,  Ayrshire,  and  died  in 
1893,  leaving  issue — 

a.  John,  D.L.  for  County  of  Ayr,  W.S.,  and  a 
Parliamentary  solicitor,  Westminster,  married  and 
has  issue. 

h.  Neil  James,  B.A.,  LL.B.  and  advocate  in 
Edinburgh,  married,  10th  September,  1805,  Eleonora 
Agnes,  only  surviving  child  of  Robert  William 
Cochran  Patrick,  Esq.  of  Woodside  and  Ladyland,  in 
the  County  of  Ayr,  some  time  M.P.  for  North  Ayr- 
shire, on  whose  death,  in  1897,  Mrs  Kennedy  having 
succeeded  to  the  estates,  Mr  Neil  J.  Kennedy 
assumed  the  name  of  Cochran  Patrick. 

c.  Charlotte  Maria  died  unmarried,  1896. 

d.  Justine  Henriette  married,  1884,  Alan  John 
Colquhoun,  C.B.,  son  of  John  Colquhoun,  author  of 
"  The  Moor  and  the  Loch,"  a  nephew  of  the  late  Sir 
James  Colquhoun  of  Luss,  Bart.  He  was  formerly 
Captain  in  "The  Black  Watch,"  and  is  now  (1897) 
Lieutenant-Colonel  Commanding  the  Duke  of  Edin- 
burgh's Own  Edinburgh  Artillery  Militia,  and  has 

e.    Elizabeth     Theodora     Mary     married     John 


William  M'Kerrell  Brown,  of  the  Bank  of*  Scot- 
land, Dunfermline. 

f.  Adelaide  Emily  Jane. 

XIV.  JOHN  ANTHONY,  LL.D.,  Esquire  of 
Wellbank,  Forfarshire,  J. P.,  and  a  Writer  to  the 
Signet  in  Edinburgh,  second  son  of  Colin  XIII., 
was  born  on  the  1st  February,  1812.  Mr  Macrae 
raised  the  first  Volunteer  Company  in  Scotland  in 
1859,  and,  at  his  death,  was  Major  of  the  Queen's 
R.  V  Brigade.  He  married  Joanna  Isabella  Maclean, 
daughter  of  John  Maclean  of  Dumfries  estate,  in 
the  Island  of  Carriacou,  West  Indies,  and  died  on 
the  23rd  May,  1868,  leaving  issue— 

1.  John  Anthony,  born  23rd  November,  1842; 
died  5th  March,  1852. 

2.  Colin  George,  of  whom  below. 

3.  Horatio  Ross,  Esquire  of  Clunes,1  Inverness- 
shire,  is  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  the  County  of 
Inverness,  a  writer  to  the  Signet  in  Edinburgh,  and 
Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  Queen's  Rifle  Volunteer 
Brigade.  He  married  Letitia  May,  daughter  of  Sir 
William  Maxwell  of  Cardoness,  Bart.,  with  issue — 
Alexander  William  Urquhart,  born  18th  April, 

4.  Jessidora  married  in  1884,  Sir  William 
Francis  Maxwell  of  Cardoness,  Bart.,  Kirkcudbright- 
shire, with  issue — 

William  Francis  John,  born  7th  July,  1885; 
Joanna  Mary  ;  Dorothea  Letitia  May. 

iMr  Macrae's  estate  of  Clunes  is  situated  in  tin-  district  which,  according 
to  tradition,  was  the  original  home  from  which  the  Macraes  migrated  to 
Kin  tail.— See  Chapter  I, 

Sir   COLIN    GEORGE    MACRAE    (Inverinate) 


XV.  COLIN  GEORGE,  eldest  surviving  son  of 
John  Anthony  XIV.,  is  now  the  lineal  representative 
of  the  Macraes  of  Inverinate,  and  is  fifteenth  in 
descent  from  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd,  the 
founder  of  the  Clan  Macrae  of  Kintail.  He  was 
horn  30th  November,  1844,  is  a  writer  to  the  Signet 
in  Edinburgh  and  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  the 
City  of  Edinburgh  and  for  the  County  of  Forfar. 
He  was  educated  at  the  Edinburgh  Academy  and  at 
the  University  of  Edinburgh,  where  he  had  a  dis- 
tinguished career  and  graduated  Master  of  Arts. 
As  a  student,  he  was  for  two  years  President  of  the 
University  Conservative  Club,  and  since  his  entry 
upon  public  life  has  taken  a  prominent  part  in  the 
affairs  of  his  native  city.  At  the  present  time 
(1897)  he  is  Chairman  of  the  School  Board  of  Edin- 
burgh, a  position  which  he  has  occupied  for  the  past 
seven  years  with  conspicuous  success  and  with  the 
cordial  support  of  his  fellow-citizens.1  He  is  also  a 
loyal  member  and  supporter  of  the  Church  of  Scot- 
land, in  connection  with  which  he  has  done  much 
active  and  valuable  work,  having  sat  in  the  General 
Assembly  almost  continuously  for  twenty  years. 
His  interest  in  the  Highlands,  and  more  especially 
in  young  Highlanders  coming  to  Edinburgh,  has 
always  been  great,  and  has  frequently  been  shown 
in    a    kindly    and    practical    manner.2     Mr    Macrae 

1.  .  .  He  is  a  man  who,  as  an  educationist,  has  done  much  sterling  and 
unselfish  wort  for  the  city,  and  his  opinions  must  command  respect  even  from 
those  who  disagree  with  him.    .    .    .     It  is  undeniable  that  the  Edinburgh 

Board  has  done  admirable  public  work,  and  never  more  than  in  the  time  of 
Mr  Macrae  himself.     .     .     .     —  The  Scotsman,  19th  February,  1897. 

2  A  portrait  and  biographical  sketch  of  Mr  Colin  George  Macrae  appeared 
ill  The  Celtic  Monthly  for  November,  1896, 


married,  23rd  June,  1877,  Flora  Maitland,  daughter 
of  John  Colquhoun,  Esq.,  author  of  the  well-known 
work  entitled  "  The  Moor  and  the  Loch,"  and  has 
issue — 

1.  John  Anthony,  horn  19th  May,  1883. 

2.  Frances  Maitland  Dorothea. 



Christopher,  son  of  Alexander  of  Tnverinate.  —  Tacksman  of 
Aryngan.— His  Marriage  and  Descendants.— Mat  hesons  of 
LochTlsh  and  the  Rev.  Dr  Kennedy  of  Dingwall  Descended 
from  him.— Other  Descendants  of  Christopher.— John,  son  of 
Christopher.— His  Marriage  and  Descendants. 

IX.  CHRISTOPHER,  son  of  Alexander  of  Inverinate 
and  Mary  Mackenzie  of  Dochmaluag,  and  ninth  in 
descent  from  Fionnla  Du  Mac  Gillechriosd,  was 
tacksman  of  Aryugan,  in  Kintail,  and  was  commonly 
known  as  "  Gillecriosd  Mor  a  Chroidh  "  (Big  Chris- 
topher of  the  Cattle).  He  was  alive  on  the  15th 
August,  1723,  as  his  signature  appears  on  a  bond  <>f 
caution' drawn  up  on  that  date  for  the  protection 
of  their  rights  by  the  wadsetters  on  the  estates  of 
Macdonald°of  Sleat,  which  the  ;'  Forfeited  Estates 
Commissioners  "  were  then  proposing  to  sell.  It  is 
uncertain  who  his  wife  was,  hut  it  is  said  that  he 
was  twice  married,  and  that  his  first  wife  was  of  the 
Murchisons  of  Auchtertyre,  and  that  his  second  wife 
was  a  Chisholm.  He  left  a  large  family,  all  of  whom 
are  said  to  have  married  and  to  have  left  issue. 
Many  of  his  descendants  are  still  living  in  Kintail 
and  Lochalsh. 

1.  Duncan.  He  is  witness  to  a  sasine  on  the 
19th  March,  1700,  and  was  killed  at  the  Battle  of 
Sheriffnmir  in   1715.      He  is  said  to   have   married 


Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Mackenzie  of  Loch- 
broom,  and  left  issue,  as  below,  so  far  as  it  has  been 
found  possible  to  trace  them — 

a.  John,  who  had  a  son. 

«1.  Duncan,  who  married  Janet,  daughter  of 
Christopher,  son  of  Finlay,  son  of  John  Breac.  son 
of  the  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae,  and  had  (l)  John, 
who  had  issue — John  ;  Donald  ;  Farquhar  ;  Ken- 
neth ;  Christopher.  (2)  A  son  called  Christopher 
Tailor  ;  (3)  Isabella  ;  (4)  Christina. 

«2.  John,  who  had  issue — John,  Christopher, 
Alexander,  Duncan. 

«3.  Anne,  who  married  Christopher,  at  Druidaig. 

«4.  Christina,  who  married  Ian  Mac  Callum. 

6.  Alexander,  called  Alister  Ruadh  (Red  Alex- 
ander), who  had  issue — 

61.  John,  called  the  Red  Smith,  who  had  sons — 

(1)  Alexander,  who  was  a  blacksmith  at  Ardelve  ; 

(2)  Finlay. 

62.  Finlay,  who  went  to  America. 

2.  Alexander  had  a  son  Duncan,  who  had  a 
son  Christopher,  a  priest,  and  other  issue. 

3.  Donald,  who  had  a  son  Duncan,  who  had  a 
son  John,  who  had  a  son  Alexander,  admitted  to  the 
Grammar  School,  Aberdeen,  with  a  Macra  bursary 
in  1806,  entered  the  University  in  1809,  and 
graduated  M.A.  in  1813. 

4.  Christopher,  mentioned  as    taking   part  in  i 
the  affair  of  Ath  nam  Muileach  on  the  2nd  October, 

5.  Murdoch,  also  present  at  the  affair  of  Ath 
nam  Muileach, 


6  Farquhar,  who  was  also  present  at  the  affair 
of  Ath  nam  Mnileach,  married,  it  is  said,  a  Macdonald 
of  Sleat,  and  had  a  daughter,  Barhara,  who  married, 
first,  John  Og,  son  of  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  of 
Kintail,  with  issue,  and  secondly  Donald,  son  of  the 
Rev.  Finlay  Macrae  of  Lochalsh,  also  with  issue. 

7.  John,  mentioned  helow. 

8.  Finlay. 

9.  Mary  married,  in  1695,  Farquhar  Matheson 
of  Fernaig,  and  had,  with  other  issue— 

a.  John,  who,  in  1728,  married,  as  his  second 
wife,  Margaret  Mackenzie  of  Pitlundie,  and  died  in 
1760,  leaving  issue— Alexander,  who,  about  1763, 
married  Catherine  Matheson,  and  died  in  1804, 
leaving  issue- John,  who,  in  1804,  married  Mar- 
garet, daughter  of  Captain  Donald  Matheson  oi 
Shiness,  and  died  in  1826,  leaving,  with  other 
issue— Sir  Alexander  Matheson,  Bart,  of  Lochalsh, 
who  married,  as  his  second  wife,  Lavinia  Mary, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Stapleton  of  Carlton,  York- 
shire, and  died  in  1886,  leaving,  with  other  issue- 
Sir  Kenneth  James  Matheson,  Bart,  of  Lochalsh. 

b.  Donald,  who  married  Margaret,  daughter  ot 
Roderick  Mackenzie,  Sanachan,  of  the  Applecross 
family,  and  had  a  daughter-Mary,  who  married 
Donald  Kennedy  of  Kishorn,  by  whom  she  had, 
with  other  issue— the  Rev.  John  Kennedy  of  Red- 
castle,  one  of  whose  sons  was  the  Rev.  John 
Kennedy,  D.D.,  who  was  Free  Church  minister  of 
Dingwall'  from  1844  until  his  death  in  1884,  and 
occupied  throughout  his  whole  career  a  foremost 
place  among  the  greatest  preachers  of  Scotland. 


10.  Marian  married  John  Macrae,  a  descendant 
of  Miles,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar. 

11.  Anne. 

12.  Christina. 

13.  Catherine  married  Colin  Mackenzie,  ninth 
laird  of  Hilton.  There  is  a  sasine  by  Colin  Mac- 
kenzie of  Hilton1  in  favour  of  Catherine  Macrae,  his 
spouse,  in  liferent  of  his  pecklands  of  Easter 
Casichan  in  the  parish  of  Contin  and  shire  of  Ross, 
on  the  26th  August,  1749.     Catherine  left  issue — 

a.  John,  who  died  before  his  father. 

h.  Alexander,  tenth  of  Hilton. 

c.  A  daughter  who  married,  as  his  first  wife, 
John  Macdonell,  twelfth  of  Glengarry,  and  had, 
with  other  issue — Alexander,  who  carried  on  the 
representation  of  that  family. 

14.  Janet.     15.  Isabel. 

16.  Margaret,  who  married  Finlay  Macrae, 

X.  JOHN,2  son  of  Christopher  of  Aryugan, 
called  Ian  Ban,  was  educated  at  Aberdeen,  and  is 
mentioned  in  some  copies  of  the  MS.  history  of  the 
Clan  as  "  Mr  John,  graduate  in  Aberdeen."  He  is 
said  to  have  married  Annabella,  daughter  of  Duncan 
Macrae,  tutor  of  Conchra,  by  his  wife  Isabel, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Finlay  Macrae,  with  issue — 

1  The  property  of  this  family,  which  was  formerly  known  as  Hilton,  was 
situated  in  Strathbran,  and  is  now  traversed  by  the  Dingwall  and  Skye 
llailway  between  the  stations  of  Aclmault  and  Aclmasheen. 

2  The  succession  of  Christopher  of  Aryugan  is  continued  here  in  his  son 
John  only  for  convenience  of  arrangement,  and  not  because  John's  descendants 
are  the  oldest  lineal  representatives  of  Christopher. 


1.    FlNEAY,  who  lived  at  Aehmore.  and   married 
Isabella   Macrae,  daughter  of  Farquhar  Mac  Ian  of 
the  Torlysich  family,  with  other  issue- 
rs  Alexander. 

6.  John,  who  married  Kate,  daughter  of  Duncan 
Macrae,  and  had,  together  with  several  daughters, 
the  following  issue — 

61.  Christopher,  who  married  Mary,  daughter 
of  Christopher  Macrae,  Carr,  with  issue— (l)  Alex- 
ander; (2)  John,  married  Isabella,  daughter  of 
Duncan  Maclennan,  Sallachy,  with  issue -Mary ; 
Jemima  ;  Christopher  ;  Ewen  ;  Mary  Anne  ;  Duncan  ; 
(3)  Christopher  ;  (4)  Janet  ;  (5)  Isabella  ;  (6)  Mary. 
b-2.   Finlay.      63.   Alexander. 

64.  Duncan,  who  was  for  many  years  a  farmer 
atKirkton,  Lochalsh,  and  is  now  (1897)  living  at 
Ihuinish,  Lochalsh.  He  married  Jessie,  daughter 
of  Alexander  Maclennan  by  his  wife  Mary,  daughter 
of  Alexander  Macrae,  Achtertyre,  and  by  her,  who 
died  11th  April,  1882,  aged  sixty-seven,  had  issue— 
(1)  Mary,  who  married  John  Maclennan,  Strathglass, 
with  issue— Duncan  ;  John  ;  Donald  Ewen  ;  Jessie  ; 
Annie  ;  Catherine  ;  Mary  ;  Mary  Anne  ;  Margaret  ; 
Lexy ;  (2)  Catherine,  who  married  Captain  William 
Mackenzie  of  the  Merchant  Service,  with  issue 
William;  (3)  Mary  Anne,  who  died  unmarried  on 
the  19th  January,  1893. 

65.  Annabella,  married  Duncan  Macrae,  with 
jssue_(l)  John,  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Thomas 
Macrae,  with  issue;  (2)  Finlay  married  Annabella 
Macdonald,  with  issue  ;  (3)  Duncan;  (4)  Annabella 
married,  with  issue. 


2.  Duncan  married  and  had  issue — at  least  one 
son — 

«.  John,  who  married,  and  had,  with  other  issue — 

ol.  Duncan,  who  married  Grace,  daughter  of 
Colin  Mackenzie,  Kishorn,  and  died  at  Dingwall  on 
the  19th  December,  1895,  aged  seventy-nine,  leaving 
issue : — (1)  Donald,  in  America,  married  Jessie 
Kennedy,  with  issue  ;  (2)  Marjory  married  Andrew 
Robertson,  with  issue ;  (3)  Catherine  married  John 
Murchison,  builder,  Dingwall. 

a2.  Alexander,  in  Kishorn,  married  a  daughter 
of  Duncan  Mackenzie  of  Lochcarron,  and  sister  of 
the  Rev.  Murdoch  Mackenzie  of  the  Free  Church, 
Inverness,  with  issue  : — (l)  Duncan,  living  at  Kyle- 
akin  ;  (2)  Murdoch,  a  minister  of  the  Free  Church 
of  Scotland.     Alexander  has  also  three  daughters. 

aZ.  Murdoch,  living  at  Strome  Ferry,  married, 
without  issue. 

3.  Farquhar  married  Mary  Macrae,  with  issue — 
a.  Duncan    married    Christina    Mackenzie,    and 

died  in  1864,  with  issue — 

al.  Alexander,  a  schoolmaster  in  Lochcarron, 
married,  first,  Mary  Mackenzie,  without  surviving 
issue.  He  married,  secondly,  Catherine,  daughter 
of  John  Macpherson,  and  died  in  1892.  By  his 
second  wife  he  had  issue  : — (l)  John,  a  doctor, 
married  Sarah  Wilson,  and  died  at  Gateshead-on- 
Tyne  in  1889,  leaving  issue— Ethel  ;  Charles;  (2) 
Alexander  married  Agnes  Reid ;  (3)  Farquhar, 
Lieutenant,  Army  Ordnance  Department,  married 
Martha  Bessie  Rafuse,  with  issue — Albert  Edward  ; 
William  Farquhar ;  Catherine  Macpherson ;  James 

'THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CEAX    MACRAE.  129 

Norman;  (4)  the  Rev.  James  Duncan,  minister  of 
Contin,  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  Peter 
Robertson,  with  issue — Catherine  Macpherson  ; 
James  Peter  Robertson  ;  (5)  Mary  Elizabeth  mar- 
ried John  Macleod,  with  issue. 

a'2.  Farquhar,  married  Mary  Macrae  and  died  in 

«3.  John  was  holder  of  the  Macra  bursary  at  the 
Grammar  School,  Aberdeen,  in  1831,  and  afterwards 
entered  the  shipbuilding  business  and  was  drowned 
at  the  launching  of  the  Daphne,  on  the  Clyde,  on 
the  3rd  July,  1883.  He  married  Margaret  Gillies, 
with  issue — (1)  Alexander,  a  joiner  in  Glasgow, 
married,  with  issue  ;  (2)  Mary,  married,  with    issue. 

«4.  Donald,  married  Margaret  Macrae,  with 
issue — Colin  ;  John  ;  Farquhar. 

«5.  Kenneth,  married  Flora  Macmillan,  with 
issue — Donald;  John;  Helen;  Jane;  Christina  Anne. 

«G.  Margaret,  married  Lachlan  Matheson,  with 

«7.  Helen,  married  Christopher  Macrae,  with 

r<8.   Christina,  married  John  Macrae,  with    issue. 

h.  John,  married,  first,  a  Macdonald,  with  issue 
— (bl)  Kenneth,  who  went  to  Australia  ;  (&2)  Mary  ; 
(63)  Jane;  (64)  Anne,  married  John  Gait,  Elgin. 

John  married,  secondly,  Catherine  Mackenzie 
and  died  in  18G7.  By  his  second  marriage  he  had 
a  son. 

65.  The  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae,  who  is  now  a 
Presbyterian  minister  in  Manitoba,  and  is  married, 
with  issue — 


c.  Christopher  married  in  1839,  Mary  Finlayson, 
who  died  on  the  17th  August,  1897,  aged  ninety- 
two.  He  died  in  1872,  aged  eighty-one  years, 
leaving  issue — 

c\.  Alexander,  born  15th  October,  1843.  He 
married,  in  1872,  Catherine  Maclean,  and  is  now 
living  in  New  Zealand,  with  issue — John;  Catherine; 
Mary  ;  Alexandrina  ;  Margaret. 

c2.  Farquhar,  born  12th  November,  1845,  and  is 
now  living  at  Dornie.  He  is  a  good  genealogist, 
and  is  well  versed  in  the  legends  and  traditions  of 
the  Macrae  country.  He  married,  first,  Mary 
Maclennan,  and  secondly  Margaret,  daughter  of 
Duncan  Matheson,  Dornie. 

c3.  John,  born  on  the  27th  June,  1848,  married 
18th  May,  1877,  Williamina  Macdonald,  with  issue 
— Farquhar ;  Mary  Finlayson  ;  Catherine  Finlay- 
son, died  in  infancy  ;  Christopher  ;  Ninian  Finlay- 
son ;  Alexander  ;  Catherine  Finlayson  ;  Jessie 
Isabella  Anne  Finlayson ;  Malcolm  John  Duncan 

c4.  Duncan,  born  18th  January,  1851,  married, 
in  1883,  Catherine  Finlayson,  with  issue  —  Far- 
quhar; Alexander;  Mary;  Christopher;  Catherine; 
Donald  Roderick  ;  Anne. 

d.  The  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae,  born  at  Camus- 
lunie  on  the  25th  November,  1805.  He  received 
his  early  education  from  a  well-known  Kintail 
schoolmaster,  Finlay  Macrae,  commonly  called 
Finlay  Fadoch.  In  1816  he  was  admitted  to  a 
Macra  bursary  at  Aberdeen  Grammar  School,  where 
he    had    for    his    teacher    the    celebrated    classical 


scholar  and  Gaelic  poet,  Ewen  Maclauchlan.  He 
entered  the  University  in  1819,  and  after  a  disting- 
uished career,  graduated  M.A.  in  1823.  He  studied 
Divinity  from  1823  to  1827.  From  1825  to  1833 
he  was  schoolmaster  of  Lochcarron,  and  was  licensed 
by  the  Presbytery  of  Lochcarron  in  1829.  In  1833 
he  was  ordained  to  the  charge  of  South  Uist,  where 
he  remained  for  eight  years,  and  in  1841  became 
minister  of  Braemar.  At  the  Disruption  of  the 
Church  of  Scotland  in  1843  he  cast  in  liis  lot  with 
the  Free  Church,  and  in  1849  became  minister  of 
the  Free  Church  in  Knockbain,  in  succession  to  his 
well-known  fellow-clansman,  the  Rev.  John  Macrae. 
Here  he  lived  and  laboured,  trusted  and  respected 
by  his  people  until  his  death,  which  occurred  at 
Nairn  on  the  20th  December,  1882.  He  was  a  man 
of  much  culture  and  sound  scholarship,  and  an  able 
and  eloquent  preacher,  equally  good  both  in  Gaelic 
and  in  English.  The  Rev.  Farquhar  married  Anne 
Murray  and  had  issue,  one  surviving  son — Francis 

e.  Christina    married    Roderick     Mackenzie    at 
Camusluinie,  with  issue. 

f.  Isabel  married  Thomas  Macrae  at  Camusluinie, 
with  issue. 

132  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE   CLAN   MACRAfi. 


IX.  Hugh,  son  of  Alexander  of  Inverinate. — X.  Alexander  of 
Ardintoul. — Was  at  the  Battles  of  Sheriffmuir  and  Glensheil. 
Traditions  about  Him. — IX.  Archibald  of  Ardintoul. — His 
Marriage  and  Descendants. — Colonel  Sir  John  Macra. — Alex- 
ander of  Hushinish. — His  Marriage  and  Family. 

IX.  HUGH,  the  youngest  son  of  Alexander  of 
Inverinate  by  his  second  wife,  Mary  Mackenzie 
of  Dochmaloaig.  He  is  mentioned  as  one  of  the 
leaders  of  the  disturbance  in  connection  with  the 
vacancy  at  Dingwall  church  in  1704, *  and  took  part 
in  the  Jacobite  rising  of  1715.  He  was  wounded 
in  the  battle  of  Sheriffmuir,  and  his  name  appears  on 
a  list  of  "Gentlemen  Prisoners"  taken  to  Stirling 
on  the  following  day.  It  is  said  that  he  was 
removed  from  Stirling  to  Perth,  where  he  remained 
in  hospital  until  he  was  sufficiently  recovered  from 
his  wound  to  be  able  to  accomplish  the  homeward 
journey.  Hugh  was  living  at  Sallachy  in  1721. 
He  married  Margaret  Macleod  of  Swordlan,  in 
Glenelg,  and  by  her  had  issue — 

1.  Alexander. 

2.  John,  went  to  America  1774. 

3.  Roderick,  went  to  America  1774. 

4.  Duncan. 

l  See  note  page  71. 


5.  Barbara,  married   Farquhar,  son   of  Alex- 
ander, with  issue. 

6.  Mary,  married  G.  Macculloch. 

X.  ALEXANDER,    eldest    sen    of  Hugh,    was 

appointed  local  factor  of  Kintail,  and  lived  at 
Aryugan  or  Ardintoul.  He  was  one  of  the  first 
to  join  the  Roman  Catholic  Mission,  which  has 
already  been  referred  to.  As  a  young  man  lie 
fought  on  the  Jacohite  side,  both  at  Slier  iffmuir 
and  at  Glensheil,  and  is  mentioned  as  taking 
part  in  the  affair  of  Ath  nam  Muileach  in 
1721.  After  the  battle  of  Glensheil,  he  was  for 
three  days  among  the  hills  without  any  food  except 
one  drink  of  milk.  It  is  said  that  on  one  occasion 
when  "  Colonel  Alexander  Mackenzie,  the  next 
Protestant  heir  to  the  Seaforth  estates,  had  come  to 
the  country  with  a  view  to  take  up  the  rents,  but 
finding  that  the  people  would  not  come  into  his 
views  nor  pay  him  the  rents  they  judged  belonged 
to  Lord  Seaforth,  he  went  up  from  Ardelve  to 
Kintail  with  a  large  boat  well  manned,  that  he 
might  arrest  some  of  the  people  and  send  them  to 
Fort-William.  Alexander  was  up  in  Kintail  at  the 
time,  and  observing  a  fellow  carrying  his  own  father 
on  his  back  to  put  him  into  the  boat,  his  indignation 
was  roused.  'You  silly,  dastardly  rascal,'  said 
Alexander,  'is  it  putting  your  own  father  in  you 
are,'  and  he  set  the  old  man  at  liberty.  The 
Colonel  was  in  the  stern  of  the  boat  and  came  up  to 
him.  They  grappled,  and  Alexander  getting  hold 
of  his  thumbs,  held  him  there  until  he  yielded."'  and 


left  the  people  alone.  Alexander  married,  first,  a 
daughter  of  Fraser  of  Guisachan  (or  Culhokie),  and 
by  her  had  a  daughter,  who  married  John  Macrae, 
Strathglass.  On  one  occasion  Alexander  sustained 
such  heavy  losses  through  a  severe  winter  that  he 
became  somewhat  straitened  in  his  circumstances, 
and  it  is  said  that  his  wife,  who  was  unwilling  to 
share  the  lot  of  a  poor  man,  took  advantage  of  a 
temporary  absence  of  her  husband  from  home,  to 
pack  up  her  effects  and  leave  him.  Circumstances, 
however,  turned  out  more  favourable  for  Alexander 
than  his  wife  anticipated,  and  the  tide  of  his 
prosperity  soon  turned.  His  wife  hearing  of  this, 
decided  to  join  him  once  more,  and  returned  to  his 
sheiling  at  Glasletter,  but  he  refused  to  receive  her. 
On  her  death,  which  occurred  shortly  afterwards,  he 
married,  as  his  second  wife,  Isabel,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Macgilchrist  (Macrae)  of  Strathglass,  by 
his  wife,  Anne,  daughter  of  Farcpihar  Macrae  of 
Morvich,  and  by  her  had  issue — 

1.  Archibald. 

2.  Alexander. 

3.  Farquhar,  who  went  to  America. 

4.  John,  a  doctor.  He  went  as  surgeon  of  an 
emigrant  ship  to  America  about  1817.  The  vessel 
was  wrecked  on  the  return  voyage  off  Prince  Ed- 
ward Island,  but  no  lives  were  lost.  In  1821  Dr 
John  himself  left  for  Canada,  along  with  "Alex- 
ander, a  brother  of  Mr  Macrae,  Dornie,"  and  several 
others  from  Lochalsh  and  Kintail,  and  he  is  men- 
tioned as  being   at   Glengarry  in  Canada  in   1826. 

5.  Anne  married  John  Macrae  of  Conchra. 


6.  Margaret   married   Donald   Macrae,  Torly- 


7.  Mary    married    Farquhar    Macrae,    Fadoch. 
She  died  in  1823,  leaving  issue. 

XI.   ARCHIBALD,  eldest  son  of  Alexander  by 
his  second  wife,  Isabel  Macrae,  was  bom  in    1744. 
He  was  educated  in  the  house  of  Archibald  Chis- 
hobn  of  Fasnakyle,  probably  by  a  priest,  to  whose 
instructions    he    did    no    small    credit.      He    was    a 
devout    Catholic,   a    man    of   sound   judgment    and 
high  character,  "  a  courtly  old  gentleman,  shrewd, 
practical,  but  warm-hearted  and  unobtrusively  re- 
ligious ;    able,  too,  to  face  difficulties,  the  common 
lot   of  all   mortals,   with    the    clear   conscience   and 
stout   heart   of  a   strong   and    upright   man."     For 
fully  half-a-century   he   occupied   a   foremost    place 
in  the  affairs  of  the  Seaforth  estates,  of  which  he 
was  for  many  years  chamberlain.     He  was  created 
a  free  Burgess  and  Guild  Brother  of  the  Burgh  of 
Dingwall   on   the    16th    October,   1789.      Archibald 
married  on  the  9th  September,  1783,  Janet,  daughter 
of  John  Macleod,  the  tenth  chief  of  Raasay.     John 
Macleod  was  one  of  the  Highland  chiefs  who  enter- 
tained   Dr  Samuel    Johnson    in    the    course    of   his 
celebrated  tour  in  the  Hebrides  in  1773.     Writing 
of  his  host  on   that  occasion,  Dr  Johnson  says  :— 
"  The  family  of  Eaasay  consists   of  the   laird,  the 
lady,  three  sons,  and  ten  daughters.      For  the  sons 
there  is  a  tutor  in  the  house,  and  the  lady   is  said 
to    be    very   skilful    and    diligent    in    the    education 
of  her   girls.       More    gentleness    of  manners,  or    a 
more  pleasing  appearance  of  domestic  society  is  not 


found  ill  the  most  polished  countries."1     Archibald 
died  about  1830,  leaving  issue — 

1.  Flora,  born  9th  September,  1783,  died  un- 
married in  1852. 

2.  Colonel  Sir  John  Macra,  K.C.H,  who  was 
born  on  the  14th  February,  1786.  He  obtained  an 
Ensign's  commission  in  the  79th  Highlanders  in 
1805,  and  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant 
in  the  same  year.  His  subsecpient  promotions  were 
as  follows: — Captain,  1812;  Major,  1818;  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, 1821;  Colonel,  1837.  He  was 
created  a  Knight  of  the  Order  of  Hanover  (K.C.H.) 
in  1827.  His  military  career  was  both  disting- 
uished and  eventful.  He  was  present  at  the  siege 
and  surrender  of  Copenhagen  in  1807,  and  went  to 
Sweden  with  the  army  under  Sir  John  Moore  in 
1808.  Later  on  in  the  same  year  he  accompanied 
the  British  force  which  was  sent  to  Portugal,  and 
was  present  in  all  the  operations  of  that  campaign, 
including  the  retreat  of  Sir  John  Moore  and  the 
battle  of  Corunna,  on  the  16th  January,  1809. 
From  Spain  he  accompanied  his  regiment  in  the 
Walcheren  expedition,  and  was  present  at  the  siege 
and  capture  of  Flushing  in  August  the  same  year. 
At  Walcheren  he  suffered  from  the  fever  which 
caused  so  much  havoc  among  the  British  troops, 
and  from  the  effects  of  which  he  never  completely 
recovered.     The  following  year,  however,  he  was  in 

IThe  China  tea  service  used  by  the  Kaasay  family  at  the  time  of  Dr 
Johnson's  visit  is  now  in  the  possession  of  Captain  John  MaeRae-Gilstrap  of 
Balliinore,   Tigh-na-bruaich,  Argyllshire,  great   grandson  of   the  above-men- 

tk'tiixl  Janet  Macleod. 



the    Peninsula,    and     served     with     his    regiment 
throughout  the  campaigns  of  1811  and   1812,  being 
present  at  all  the  operations  in  which  his  regiment 
took  part,  including  the  battles  of  Fuentes  D'Onoro, 
on  the  5th  May,  1811,  and  Salamanca,  on  the  22nd 
July,  1812,  the  siege  of  Burgos  in  September  and 
October,  1812,  and  many  smaller  engagements.      In 
1813  he  joined  the  staff  of  the  Marquis  of  Hastings, 
then  Lord  Moira,  who  in  that  year  was  appointed 
Governor-General  of  India,  and  who  was  married  to 
Sir  John's  cousin,   Flora  Campbell,  daughter  of  the 
fifth  Earl  of  Loudon,  by  his  wife  Flora,  daughter  of 
John  Macleod,  tenth  chief  of  Raasay.     The  Marquis 
of  Hastings  was  one  of  the  ablest  and  most  success- 
ful  of  our   Indian   statesmen,  and   his   rule,   which 
extended  from  1813  to  1823,  was  a  period  of  great 
importance    in    the    history    of  that    country.       In 
1814    and    1815,    after    some    severe    fighting,    he 
succeeded    in    subduing    the    Goorkhas,    who    had 
established    a    power    of  considerable    strength    m 
Nepaul.    But  the  circumstances  and  events  to  which 
Lord  Hastings  owes  his  great  celebrity  as  an  Indian 
ruler  and  statesman  arose  in  another  quarter.     The 
centre  of  India  was  at  this  time  occupied  by  the 
great  Princes  of  the  Mahratta  nation,  who,  although 
partly  subdued,  were  still  powerful,  and  evidently 
preparing  to  make  an  effort  to  recover  their  former 
greatness.    Besides  these  restless  and  active  enemies 
there  existed  also  a  formidable  body  of  freebooters 
called   the    Pindarees,  who   had    established  them- 
selves along  the  south  of  the  Viridhya  .Mountains. 
During  the    Goorkha   War   the  Pindarees,  secretly 


supported  by  the  Mahrattas,  crossed  the  British 
frontiers  and  plundered  and  destroyed  more  than 
three  hundred  villages.  Lord  Hastings  resolved 
to  put  an  end  to  these  robbers,  and  having 
obtained  permission  to  proceed  against  them  on  a 
great  scale,  he  collected  forces  from  all  parts  of 
India,  and  brought  into  the  field  the  "grand  army," 
with  which,  after  a  war  of  two  years'  duration — 
1817-18 — the  Pindarees  and  the  Mahrattas  were 
completely  conquered.  Other  native  powers  were 
subdued  at  the  same  time,  and  Lord  Hastings  had 
thus  the  honour  of  being  the  first  to  render  British 
authority  absolutely  supreme  in  India.  In  all  these 
operations  Sir  John  Macra,  who  held  the  post  of 
Military  Secretary  to  the  Governor-General,  took 
an  important  part.  He  was  in  the  field  throughout 
the  war  against  the  Goorkhas  in  1814  and  1815, 
and  was  with  the  grand  army  in  1817  and  1818. 
At  the  end  of  1818  he  was  sent  home  with  de- 
spatches announcing  the  successful  termination  of 
the  war,  and  returning  immediately  to  India,  he 
continued  to  serve  under  the  Marquis  of  Hastings, 
who  was  now  in  a  position  to  rule  in  peace  and 
to  effect  wise  and  useful  changes  for  the  good  of 
the  people  of  India.  The  importance  of  Lord  Hast- 
ings' measures,  which  have  been  fully  justified  by 
time,  was  not  then  appreciated  by  the  Directors 
of  the  East  India  Company,  and  this,  together 
with  failing  health,  for  he  was  now  an  old  man, 
induced  him  to  leave  India  in  1823.  In  the  follow- 
ing year  he  was  appointed  Governor  of  Malta,  where 
Sir  John,  after  a  short  visit  home,  joined  him  once 


more  in  the  capacity  of  Military  Secretary,  until 
the  death  of  the  Marquis,  which  took  place  in  1825. 
Sir  John  retired  in  May,  1826,  after  a  most  dis- 
tinguished career  of  more  than  twenty  years,  which 
were  nearly  all  passed  in  active  service.  After  his 
retirement  he  lived  chiefly  at  Ardintoul  and  Eaasay, 
where  he  is  still  remembered  by  old  people  as  a 
man  of  frank  and  generous  disposition  and  a  genuine 
Highlander.  He  was  an  excellent  performer  on  the 
bagpipes.  He  was  also  an  amateur  maker  of  hag- 
pipes,  and  it  is  said  that  some  of  those  which  he 
made  are  still  to  be  found  in  the  West  Highlands. 
He  died  on  the  9th  August,  1847,  and  was  buried 
in  Kintail.  A  plain  iron  cross,  which  has  been 
placed  by  his  nephew,  Captain  A.  M.  Chisholm,  on 
the  wall  of  the  old  ruined  church  of  Kilduich,  marks 
the  place  of  his  last  rest. 

3.  Alexander  was  born  on  the  3rd  of  May, 
1787.  He  obtained  an  Ensign's  commission  in  the 
75th  Highlanders  in  1806.  He  joined  that  regi- 
ment the  following  year  and  served  with  it  for 
some  time.  He  was  for  many  years  tacksman  of 
Hushinish  in  Harris,  and  was  a  Justice  of  the 
Peace  and  a  Deputy-Lieutenant  of  the  county  of 
Inverness.  He  was  a  good  Catholic,  and  was  well 
known  in  the  West  Highlands  as  a  liberal  and 
large-hearted  man.  He  was  "  pre-eminently  a  man 
without  guile,'*  and  it  was  said  of  him  at  the  time 
of  his  death,  that  the  poor  on  the  West  Coast 
lost  in  him  "a  friend  who  always  kept  his  heart 
open  to  their  wants,  and  assisted  them  without 
ostentation."     As  an  amateur  musician  he 

140         THE    HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

unusual  taste  and  cultivation,  and  was  an  excellent 
violinist.  He  had  also  a  keen  appreciation  of  the 
national  music  and  poetry  of  the  Highlands,  and 
was  himself  an  excellent  type  of  the  old  Highland 
gentleman,  dignified,  cultured,  generous  almost  to 
a  fault,  and  in  full  and  kindly  sympathy  with  all  that 
was  hest  and  nohlest  in  the  character  and  traditions 
of  his  countrymen.  He  died  on  the  25th  January, 
1874,  and  was  buried  at  Kilduich.  He  married 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Farquhar  Macrae,  and  by 
her,  who  died  at  Strathpeffer  on  the  10th  July, 
1896,  and  was  buried  at  Kilduich,  had  issue — 

a.  Janet  Macleod. 

b.  Isabella  Christian  married  Alister  Macdonald- 
Maclellan  of  Portree.  Ceylon. 

c.  Archibald  Alexander. 
(/.   John. 

e.  Marion  Flora. 

4.  Isabella  was  born  on  the  6th  April,  1789, 
and  married,  in  1808,  Major  Colin  Macrae  (75th 
Highlanders),  Conchra  family,  with  issue. 

5.  Jane  was  born  on  the  8th  April,  1791,  and 
married,  at  the  end  of  1816,  or  beginning  of  1817, 
Donald  Macrae  of  Achtertyre,  with  issue. 

6.  Christina,  born  11th  January,  1793,  died 

7.  Mary,  who  was  born  in  June,  1794,  married 
in  1821,  Dr  Stewart  Chisholm,  of  the  Royal 
Artillery,  who  was  at  the  battle  of  Waterloo,  and 
attained  the  rank  of  Deputy  Inspector-General  of 
Army  Hospitals.  He  died  at  Inverness  in  1862, 
leaving  issue — 

THE   IHSTORY   01?  THE   CLAN    MACRAE.  141 

a.  Archibald  Macra,  born  6th  July,  L824,  late 
Captain  42nd  Royal  Highlanders,  now  of  Glassburn. 
He  is  a  J.P.  for  the  counties  of  Ross  and  Inverness. 
He  married,  14th  October,  1853,  Maria  Frances, 
only  daughter  of  William  Dominic  Lynch,  and 
granddaughter  of  the  late  Lewis  Farquharson  limes 
of  Balmoral  and  Ballogie,1  without  issue. 

b.  Loudon,  who  served  in  the  43rd  Regiment 
H.E.I.C.S.,  and  was  killed  in  the  Burmese  War  in 

c.  Mary  Stewart,  who  married  Philip  Skene, 
Esquire  of  Skene,  and  died  at  Inverness  on  the  4th 
January,  1895,  aged  72  years,  without  issue. 

d.  Jessie  Macleod  married  Charles  O.  Rolland  of 
Ste.  Marie  Monnoir,  near  Montreal  in  Canada,  with 

8.  James,  born  30th  October,  179G,  was  an 
Army  Surgeon,  and  died,  unmarried,  in  India,  in 

9.  Anne,  born  1st  October,  1798,  married 
Captain  Valentine  Chishohn,  with  issue,  Join:  and 

1  A  biographical  sketch,  with  a  portrait,  "1'  Captain  Chisholm,  appeare.l 
in  the  Celtic  Monthly  for  February,  1893. 



VIII.  The  Rev.  John  Macrae  of  Dingwall.—  Birth  and  Education. 
— Appointment  to  the  Living  of  Dingwall. — He  Supports  the 
Episcopal  Party.  —  Mr  Thomas  Hogg  and  Mr  John  Mac- 
killican. — Ecclesiastical  Affairs  in  Dingwall  after  the  Restora- 
tion of  Charles  II. — Mr  John's  Marriages  and  Family. — The 
Macraes  of  Balnain  and  their  Descendants. — IX.  Alexander 
Macrae  of  Conchra. — His  Marriage  and  Family. — X.  John  of 
Conchra. — One  of  the  "Four  Johns  of  Scotland." — Killed  at 
Sheriffmuir. —  His  Marriage  and  Family. — XI.  John  of  Conchra. 
— His  Marriage  and  Family. — XII.  Major  Colin  of  Conchra. — 
His  Marriage  and  Descendants. 

VIII.  JOHN,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae  of 
Kintail,  was  born  at  Ardlair  on  the  13th  March, 
1614.  He  received  his  early  education  at  Fortrose 
Grammar  School,  and  thence  proceeded  to  St 
Andrews,  where  he  studied  under  Mr  Mungo 
Murray,  and  became  one  of  the  most  distinguished 
students  of  the  University.  We  read  that  he  had 
for  his  "antagonist"  at  St  Andrews  the  Duke  of 
Lauderdale,  who  afterwards  played  so  prominent  a 
part  in  public  affairs  during  the  reign  of  Charles  II. 
Upon  completing  his  course,  and  taking  the  degree 
of  M.A.  at  St  Andrews,  he  went  to  Aberdeen,  where 
he  studied  Divinity  for  three  years  under  Dr  Robert 
Barrow,  and  became  "  a  great  divine  and  profound 
schoolman."  In  1638,  when  the  Presbyterians 
gained  the  ascendancy  in   the  Church  of  Scotland 

THE    HISTORY   OF   TnE   CLAN   MACRAE.  143 

and  deposed  the  clergy  who  would   not  subscribe 
the  National  Covenant,1  Mr  John  wished  to  leave 
the  country,  but  was  prevented  by  his  father,  who 
kept  him  with  himself  in  Kintail.     He  had  several 
offers  of  a  living  at  this  time,  hut  refused  to  accept 
any  because  of  the  necessity  of  signing  the  National 
Covenant,  an  act  which  would  mean  the  abjuration 
of  Episcopacy.     In  1G40  the  severity  of  the  Presby- 
terian measures  was  somewhat  relaxed,  and  George,         , 
Earl  of  Seaforth,  presented  Mr  John  to  the  living  of  IS 
Dingwall,  from  which  the  previous  incumbent  had 
been  ejected  for  refusing  to  acknowledge  the  Acts  of 
the  General  Assembly  of  the  Church  of  Scotland, 
which  met  in  Glasgow  in  1638.       Mr  John  entered 
into  possession  of  the  living   of  Dingwall  without 
subscribing  the  Covenant,  and  continued  a  staunch 
Episcopalian    until    his    death.      His    learning    and 
force  of  character  soon   brought  him  to  the  front, 
and  he  became  the  leader  of  his  own  party   in  the 
Presbytery,  so  that  there  was  frequent  and  sharp 
contention  between   himself  and   the   Presbyterian 
party.       In  1G54  the  noted  Covenanter,  Mr  Thomas 
Hogg,  became  minister  of  Kiltearn,  and  three  years 
later    his    almost    equally    noted    friend,    Mr    John 
Mackillican,  became  minister  of  Fodderty.     To  Mr 
John   and   his   followers   these   two   men   and   their 

l  In  1638  the  Presbyterians  of  Scotland  drew  up  and  signed  The  National 
Covenant,  by  which  they  bound  themselves  to  defend  their  religion  and  then- 
freedom  of  conscience  with  their  lives.  Hence  the  tern,  Cav,  nanU  r.  In  1643 
this  term  received  a  further  meaning  in  consequence  of  an  alliance  entered 
into  by  the  Covenanters  and  the  English  Parliament,  called  The  Soli  mn  League 
ami  Covenant,  by  which  both  parties  pledged  themselves  to  mutual  defence 
against  the  king. 


views  on  Church  government  were  specially  objec- 
tionable, and  the  strife  between  the  opposing  parties 
soon  became  very  bitter.  In  1658  Hogg's  party 
appear  to  have  been  in  the  majority.  He  himself 
was  Moderator  of  the  Presbytery,  while  his  friend 
Mackillican  was  Clerk,  and  they  took  their 
revenge  on  their  opponents  by  recording  against 
them  in  the  minutes  several  entries  which  show 
much  personal  animosity  and  very  little  of  that 
spirit  of  Christian  charity  which  is  sometimes 
claimed  in  Eoss-shire  for  Mr  Hogg  and  his  party. 
In  these  entries  they  record  Mr  John's  "needless 
strife,  his  great  miscarriage  deserving  censure, 
his  litigiousness,  needless  contention  and  intract- 
ableness,  his  stubbornness  and  wilfulness,  his 
wearying  tediousness,  his  misapplication  of  scrip- 
ture, and  his  pertinacity  and  loquaciousness."1 
Matters  had  come  to  such  a  pass  that  some  of  the 
brethren  were  forced  to  declare  that  the  meetings  of 
Presbytery  were  "  bitterness  to  them,"  and  to  wish 
the  Presbytery  to  be  dissolved  and  annexed  to  other 
Presbyteries.  It  was  probably  as  a  result  of  this 
quarrel  that  there  was  no  meeting  of  the  Presbytery 
from  April,  1658,  to  May,  1663.  The  restoration  of 
Charles  II.  led  to  the  establishment  of  Episcopacy 
once  more.  One  result  of  the  change  was  the 
deposition  of  Hogg  and  Mackillican,  and  when  the 
Presbytery   met  again   in    16632  the   objectionable 

1  Inverness  and  Dingwall  Presbytery  Records,  edited  by  William  Mackay. 

2  The  clergy  still  continued  to  meet  as  a  Presbytery  after  the  Restoration 
of  Charles  II.  and  the  re-establishment  of  Episcopacy,  but  it  appears  that 
their  acts,  in  order  to  have  any  force,  had  to  receive  the  sanction  of  the  Bishop. 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  I4f> 

minutes  recorded  against  Mr  John  were  deleted  and 
marked  on  their  margin  as  "shameless  lying"  and 
"  the  spirit  of  lieing  and  malice."  Mr  John's  party 
was  now  in  the  ascendant,  and  as  far  as  ecclesi- 
astical matters  were  concerned  the  remainder  of  his 
days  were  passed  in  peace.  It  is  said  of  him  that 
"he  was  more  fit  for  the  chair"  of  a  Professor  "than 
for  the  pulpit,"  and  that  "  he  gave  such  evidence  of 
his  learning  as  the  place  wherein  and  the  society  he 
was  among  would  allow,  and  of  his  piety  and  vigil- 
ance such  as  they  could  desire  or  expect  from  any," 
while  his  public  life  was  creditably  free  from  that 
religious  intolerance  which  formed  so  marked  a 
feature  of  the  age  in  which  he  lived.  He  appears 
also  to  have  been  a  man  who  prospered  in  his 
worldly  affairs.  He  held  the  wadset  rights  of 
Dornie,  Aryugan,  Inig,  and  other  places  in  Kintail 
for  some  years  in  succession  to  his  father,  and  there 
is  a  sasine  in  his  favour,  on  the  18th  April,  1672,  of 
three  Oxgates  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Craigskorrie 
and  several  others,  including  the  quarterlands  of 
Balnain  in  the  parishes  of  Contin,  Fodderty,  and 
Urray.  Mr  John  married,  first,  Agnes,  daughter 
of  Colin  Mackenzie,  first  laird  of  Kincraig,  and, 
secondly,  Florence  Innes,1  heiress  of  Balnain.  He 
died  in  1673,  and  was  buried  in  Dingwall.  His 
tombstone  was  to  be  seen  in  Dingwall  Churchyard 
until  very  recently,  but  a  search  made  in  1897 
failed  to  discover  any  trace  of  it.  By  his  first  wife 
he  had  issue — 

After  the   death  of  Mr   John,  Florence    Innes  married,  as  her  second 

husband,  Colin  Mackenzie,  uncle  of  Murdneh  Mackenzie  of  Fairl>urn. 

146          THE   HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

1.  Alexander,  mentioned  hereafter. 

2.  Duncan,  who  was  some  time  Bailie  of  Ding- 
wall. He  was  attorney  for  his  father  in  the  above- 
mentioned  sasine  on  the  18th  April,  1672.  He 
appears  to  have  been  the  father  of  Harry  Macrae, 
Bailie  of  Dingwall,  who  is  mentioned  in  1697,  and 
also  subsequently,  as  lawful  son  of  the  late  Duncan 
Macrae.  Bailie  Harry  Macrae  is  frequently  men- 
tioned in  the  Burgh  Records  of  Dingwall.  He  is 
said  to  have  left  no  male  issue. 

3.  Catherine  married  Donald  Ross  of  Knock- 
artie.  By  the  marriage  contract,  dated  25th  March, 
1672,  "  the  said  Donald  Ross  disposed  to  the  said 
Catherine  Macrae  in  liferent  the  lands  of  Culrichics, 
in  the  parish  of  Kilmuir  and  shire  of  Ross."  There 
is  a  "  renunciation  by  Catherine  Macrae,  with  con- 
sent of  Donald  Ross,  late  of  Knockartie,  and  now  of 
Rosskeen,  her  spouse,  in  favour  of  the  Laird  of  Bal- 
nagown,  of  her  liferent  right  by  contract  of  marriage 
of  the  lands  of  Tormore,  Gartie,  and  Knockartie, 
&c.     At  Apidale,  26th  February,  1699." 

4.  Isabel,  married  Lachlan  Mackhmon  of  Corrie- 
chatachan,  with  issue.  There  is  a  tombstone  to  her 
memory  in  the  old  Church  of  Kilchrist,  in  the  parish 
of  Strath,  Skye,  bearing  the  date  1740. 

Mr  John  is  said  to  have  had  another  daughter 
by  his  first  wife,  who  married  Mr  George  Tuach. 

By  his  second  wife,  Florence  Lines,  Mr  John  had 
issue — 

5.  John,  of  whom  below. 

6.  James,  who  succeeded,  in  right  of  his  mother, 
to  the   estate  of  Balnain,  his  elder  brother  John 


being  for  some  reason  passed  by.  There  is  a  sasine 
on  the  llth  June,  1673,  on  disposition  by  his  father, 
dated  at  Fortrose,  loth  August,  1672,  to  James  and 
the  "heirs  male  to  be  gotten  of  his  body,  whom 
failing,  to  return  to  any  other  son  to  be  gotten 
betwixt  the  said  Mr  John  Macrae  and  his  said 
spouse  (Florence  Innes),  and  the  heirs  to  be  gotten 
of  that  child's  body  :  whom  failing,  to  John  Macrae, 
eldest  lawful  son  procreated  between  the  said  Mr 
John  Macrae  and  his  said  spouse,  his  heirs  male  and 
assignees  whomsoever,  of  the  Quarterland  of  Balnain, 
m  the  parish  of  Urray  and  shire  of  Boss."  James 
married  Isabel,  third  daughter  of  Alexander  Mac- 
kenzie of  Ballone.  Contract  dated  29th  June,  1697. 
He  is  mentioned  in  1703  as  having  been  invited  to 
the  funeral  of  Hugh  Munro  of  Teaninich,  which  took 
place  on  the  23rd  September  of  that  year.     He  left 

no  issue.  . 

On  the  death  of  James,  the  estate  ot  Balnain 
passed  to  a  Murdoch  Macrae,  who,  in  the  manuscript 
history  of  the  Clan,  is  said  to  have  been  a  brother  oj 
James.  On  the  other  hand,  it  is  stated  in  the  above- 
mentioned  contract  of  marriage  between  James  and 
Isabel  Mackenzie,  dated  29th  June,  1697,  that 
James  was  the  "only  lawful  son  now  on  lite  pro- 
created between  the  late  Mr  John  Macrae,  minister 
of  Dingwall,  and  Florence  Innes,  his  second  spouse 
Again,  in  Mr  John's  disposition  of  the  lands  of 
Balnain,  in  favour  of  his  son  James,  dated  lath 
August,  1672  (that  is  to  say,  a  few  months  before  Mr 
John's,  death),  only  two  sons  by  Florence  Innes  are 
mentioned,  viz.,  John  and  James,  and  James  at  that 

148  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

time  was,  or  very  nearly  was,  of  age,  as  he  was 
infefted  in  the  lands  of  Balnain  the  following  June, 
so  that  in  all  probability  Mr  John  had  only  two 
sons  by  his  second  wife,  Florence  Innes.  Taking 
these  documentary  evidences  into  consideration,  and 
comparing  them  with  the  traditions  of  Kintail, 
which  are  very  clear  on  this  point,  the  proba- 
bility is  that  the  Murdoch  who  is  said  to  have 
succeeded  to  Balnain  was  a  son  of  John,  the  eldest 
son  of  Mr  John  and  Florence  Innes. 

(x.)  Murdoch,  who  was  probably  tenth  in 
descent  from  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd,  "  find- 
ing the  lands  of  Balnain  much  encumbered,  was 
tampering  about  the  disposal  of  them  to  Seaforth 
when  he  died."  Murdoch  is  said  to  have  married 
Mary,  daughter  of  Donald  Mac  Fhionnla  Mhic  Gille- 
chriosd, by  whom  he  had  issue — 

(1).  Duncan,  who  disposed  of  the  estate  of  Bal- 
nain to  Seaforth  "for  a  verbal  promise  of  a  free 
liferent  tack  of  Fadoch,  in  Kintail,  which  he  held 
rent  free  only  for  five  years,  though  he  lived  about 
forty  years  thereafter.  Thus  the  estate  of  Balnain 
fell  into  the  family  of  Seaforth  for  little  money." 
He  appears  to  be  thf>  Duncan  Macrae  of  Fadoch 
who  is  mentioned  in  the  Valuation  Roll  of  the 
Seaforth  estates  in  1756.  Duncan  married  and  left 
a  large  family — ■ 

(a).  John. 

(b).  Donald,  who  had  sons  :  —  (6l)  Donald, 
whose  descendants  are  still  living  in  Kintail ;  (62) 
Farquhar,  who  is  mentioned  in  a  genealogical  tree 
of  about  1820  as  "  Dr  Downie's  herd." 



(c).  Farquhar. 

(d).  Mary  or  Margaret,  who  married  Farquhar, 
son  of  Alexander,  son  of  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae. 

(e).  Isabel,  who  married  Alexander  Macrae, 
called  Alister  Buidh,  in  Fadoch,  a  descendant  of 
Miles,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae,  of  whom 

(2).  Farquhar. 
(3).  Donald,  of  whom  next. 
(4).  Christopher.  ^ 

(xi.)  Donald,  son  of  Murdoch  of  Balnain,  was 
called   Donald   Ban.     He   is  said   to  have   married 
Mary,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae,  with  issue— 
(1).  John  married,  with  issue. 
(2).  Christopher  married,  with  issue. 
(3).  Finlay,  of  whom  next, 
(xn.)  Finlay,  who   was   called   Fionnla  Buidh 
(yellow-haired    Finlay),    was    a    farmer    at    Coilrie 
about  1760,  and  was  married,  with  issue— 
(1).  Donald,  of  whom  below. 
(2).  Christopher. 

(3).  Alexander,  who  married  and  left  issue— 
(a).  Donald,  who  lived  at  Bundalloch,  married 
and  left   issue,   at  least  one   son— Donald,   also  at 
Bundalloch,    who    married    Christina,    daughter    of 
Duncan  Macrae,  Camusluinie,  with  issue. 
(b).  Finlay,  went  to  America. 
(c).   Duncan,  who  lived  at  Carndu,  near  Dornie, 
and  married  Christina,  daughter  of  Murdoch  Macrae. 
4.  Malcolm,  who  left  issue — 
(a)  Donald,  who  had  (al)   Kenneth,  who  lived 
at  Sallachy  ;    («2)  John,  who  went  to  America. 

ioO         THE    HISTORY    Of1   THE    CLAN   MaCRAEY 

(b).  John  died  unmarried. 

(xiii.)  Donald,  son  of  Finlay,  was  called  Donald 
Ban.  He  married  Christina,  daughter  of  Angus 
Macmillan,  at  Killelan,  and  hy  her,  who  died  in 
1836,  had  issue  as  helow.  Donald  died  at  Sallachy 
in  1840,  and  was  buried  at  Killelan. 

(1).  Donald,  called  Domhnull  Ruadh  (Red-haired 
Donald),  married,  with  issue,  and  went  to  Canada. 

(2).  Duncan,  a  farmer  at  Sallachy.  He  gave 
evidence  before  Lord  Napier's  Crofter  Commission 
at  Balmacara  in  1  883,  and  died  at  the  advanced  age 
of  ninety-four  in  1890.  He  married  Margaret 
Macrae,  with  issue — (6l)  Alexander;  (b2)  Donald; 
(63)  John  ;  (bi)  Christina  ;  (65)  Anne  ;  (66) 

(3).  Finlay. 

(4).  Angus,  born  at  Coilrie.  He  was  for  many 
years  tacksman  of  Achnault,  and  subsequently 
leased  the  farms  of  Newhall  Mains  and  Kinbeachie, 
in  the  Black  Isle.  He  married  Isabel,  daughter  of 
Donald  Mackenzie,  Lochcarron,  who  died  at  Kin- 
beachie on  the  17th  April,  1892,  aged  seventy-five 
years,  and  was  buried  ,at  Cullicudden,  by  whom  he 
had  issue  as  below.  Angus  died  at  Kinbeachie  on 
the  8th  August,  1877,  aged  seventy-two  years,  and 
was  buried  at  Cullicudden. 

(a).  Murdoch,  who  by  purchase  acquired  the 
estate  of  Kinbeachie  in  1897. 

(b).  Christina,  married  John  Macniell,  and  died 
in  Australia  in  1891,  without  issue. 

(c).  Helen,  married  Roderick  Tolmie,  and  died 
in  Queensland  in  1890,  with  issue — (cl)   Isabella-; 


(c2)  James  ;  (c8)  Christina  ;  (c4)  Mary  ;  (c5)  Ella  ; 
(c6)  Sarah;  (tf)  Agnes;  (08)  Maggie;  (c9)  Roderick. 
((/).  Margaret,  married  on  the  7th  February, 
18G8,  John  Macdonald,  Invergordon,  with  issue— 
(dl)  Donald  Alexander  ;  (d2)  Isahella  Christina 
Mackenzie  Macrae  ;  (</3)  Margaret  Jane,  married  a 
Mr  Graham,  and  died  at  Belize,  British  Honduras, 
27th  February,  1895,  aged  twenty -three  years;  (<U) 
Angus,  died  young  ;  (d5)  Hannah  ;  (dG)  John  Evan  ; 
(d7)  Duncan  Donald  ;  (d8)  Grace  Maclennan,  died 
in  infancy;  (dO)  Joseph;  (dlO)  Helen,  died  in 
infancy  ;  {dll)  Murdoch  Evan  Macrae. 

(e).  Donald,    married   Jeannie    Hooper    without 
issue,  and  died  in  New  Zealand. 

(/).  The  Rev.  Duncan  Mackenzie,  M.A.,  minister 
of  the  Free  Church,  Lochearnhead,  married,  27th 
August,  1890,  Jeanie  Cooper,  only  daughter  of 
Andrew  Watters,  Esq.  of  Inchterf,  Glenample,  Perth- 
shire, with  issue— (/l)  Jean  Cooper  McWhannell  ; 
(/2)  Angus  ;  (/3)  Andrew  Thomas  Watters  ;  (/4) 
Duncan  Mackenzie. 
(g).  Sarah. 

(h).  Evan  Mackenzie,  now  of  Brahan  Mains. 

(i).  Jane,  married,  first,  John  Macdonald,  of  Ach- 

nacloich,  Nairnshire,  without  issue.      She  married, 

secondly,  the  Rev.  Duncan  Finlayson,  Free  Church, 

Kinlochbervie,  Sutherlandshire,  with   issue— Isabel 


(5).  Christina  married  Donald  Macrae,  and 
went  to  Canada  about  1849. 

(6.)  Mary  married  Ewen  Maclennan,  and  went 
to  Australia. 


IX.  ALEXANDER,  eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  John 
of  Dingwall  and  his  first  wife,  Agnes  Mackenzie  of 
Kincraig,  received  a  wadset,  dated  13th  and  24th 
January  and  26th  February,  1677,  of  the  lands  of  Con- 
chra  and  Ardachy,  in  the  parish  of  Lochalsh,  which 
was  held  by  his  family  for  some  generations.  There  is 
a  sasine  on  the  6th  March,  1683,  in  favour  of  Alex- 
ander, eldest  son  and  heir,  "served  and  retoui>:d" 
to  the  late  Mr  John  Macrae,  minister  of  Dingwall, 
of  a  portion  of  the  lands  of  Easter  Rarichies,  in  the 
parish  of  Nigg.  There  is  also  a  sasine  by  Alex- 
ander, on  the  14th  April,  1699,  in  favour  of  Hugh 
Baillie,  writer  in  Fortrose,  and  John  Tuach,  writer 
in  Dingwall,  of  the  towns  and  lands  of  Little  Kin- 
dease,  in  the  parish  of  Nigg.  He  appears  to  have 
been  a  man  of  considerable  means,  and  is  said  to 
have  been  "  a  sensible,  good  countryman,"  and  to 
have  lived  to  an  advanced  age.  He  married  Flor- 
ence Mackinnon  of  Corrichatachan,  by  whom  he  had 
at  least  two  sons — 

1.  Johx,  who  succeeded  him. 

2.  DUNCAN,  commonly  called  the  "  Tutor  of 
Conchra,"  because  he  acted  as  guardian  to  the 
children  of  his  brother  John,  who  was  killed  at 
Sheriffmuir.  In  this  capacity  his  name  appears 
frequently  in  connection  with  the  proceedings  of  the 
Forfeited  Estates  Commissioners  in  Lochalsh  and 
Kintail,  after  the  Rebellion  of  1715.  Duncan 
married  Isabel,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Finlay  Macrae 
of  Lochalsh,  with  issue — 

a.  Farquhar. 

b.  Alexander. 



c.  Isabel,  said  to  have  married  Duncan,  son  of 
the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  of  Kintail. 

d.  Annabel,     e.  Mary. 

f.  Janet,  who  married  Alexander  Matheson,  at 
Sal'lachy,  where  he  died  in  1793,  leaving  a  son, 
Roderick,  who  was  farmer  of  Immer,  in  Lochcarron, 
and  wrote  a  manuscript  history  of  the  Mathesons. 
He  married  and  left  issue. 

X.  JOHN,  eldest  son  of  Alexander,  succeeded  to 
the   wadset    rights  of  Conchra,   and    is    commonly 
known  as   "  John  of  Conchra."       He  took  a  pro- 
minent part  in  the  Jacobite  rising  of  1715,  and  was 
Captain  in  one  of  Seaforth's  regiments  on  that  occa- 
sion.     He  was  one  of  the  famous  "  Four  Johns  of 
Scotland  " l  who  so  greatly  distinguished  themselves 
at  the   battle  of  Sheriffmuir,  where  he  fell   along 
with  many  of  his  clansmen.     The  memory  of  John 
of  Conchra  still  enters  largely  into  the  traditions  of 
Lochalsh   and  Kintail,  and  many  anecdotes  about 
his   strength    and    prowess   are    preserved    in    that 
country.      It  is  said  that  on  the  march  to  Perth, 
where  the  Highlanders  assembled  in   1715,  a  horse 
carrying  provisions  fell  into  a  hole.      The  men  who 
were  near  at  the  time  endeavoured   to  lift   it   out,^ 
but  all  their  efforts  were  in  vain  until  the  arrival  of 
John  of  Conchra,  who  succeeded  in  pulling  the  horse 
out  by  himself.      This  incident  made  him  known  at 
once  to  the  Highlanders  as  one  of  the  strongest  men 

i  The  "  Four  Johns  of  Scotland,"  Ceithcr  lanan  na  h'  Alba,  were  so  called 
l,v  Highlanders  from  their  valour  at  the  battle  of  Sheriffmuir.  They  were 
John  Macrae  of  Conchra,  John  Murchison  of  Auchtertyre,  John  Mackenae  of 
Applecross,  and  John  Mackenzie  of  Hilton.  All  of  them  were  officers  in  bea- 
forth's  regiments,  and  fell  in  the  battle. 

154  THE   HISTORY   Otf   THE   CLAN   MACRAE. 

among  them,  and  a  man  of  whom  great  deeds  would 
be  expected  in  the  day  of  battle.  The  Highlanders, 
however,  were  but  poorly  supplied  with  firearms, 
and  while  discussing  the  expectations  formed  about 
him,  with  Alexander  of  Ardintoul,  John  of  Conchra 
remarked — "  If  it  was  to  measure  manly  strength  of 
arm  that  we  were  going  to  meet  the  Whig  rabble  I 
should  meet  them  with  good  courage,  but  I  fear  the 
little  bullets."  1  It  is  said  that  on  the  day  of  the 
battle  the  herdsmen  of  Conchra  saw  an  apparition 
of  their  master  walking  about  among  the  cattle,  and 
that  when  they  went  home  and  told  his  wife  about 
it,  she  at  once  concluded  that  he  was  slain.  The 
fate  of  the  "  Four  Johns  of  Scotland"  is  lamented  in 
a  Gaelic  elegy  by  Kenneth  Macrae  of  Ardelve,  who 
was  an  old  man  when  the  battle  of  Sheriffmuir  was 
fought,  and  who  makes  the  following  reference  to 
John  of  Conchra  : — 

G'un  thuit  an  t'  oganach  anns  an  t'  sreup, 
An  t'  Ian  o  Chonchra  's  bu  mhor  am  beud, 
An  curaidh  laidir  le  neart  a  ghairdean, 
A  cur  nan  aghannan  dinbh  gu  feur. 
Be  sud  Ian  Chonchra  a  bha  gun  sgath, 
Be  'n  duine  marbhteach  e  anns  a'  bhlar, 
Ri  sgoltadh  cheann  fhad's  a  mhair  a  lann  da 
'S  bha  fir  gun  chaint  ami  as  deigh  a  laimh.2 

1  Old  letter  from  Kintail. 

2  And  there  fell  in  the  combat  the  young  hero,  John  of  Conchra,  and 
great  was  that  loss  ;  the  strong  warrior  who  by  the  strength  of  his  arm  laid 
heaps  of  them  down  on  the  grass.  Such  was  John  of  Conchra,  the  dauntless, 
a  deadly  man  was  he  in  the  fight,  cleaving  skulls  as  long  as  his  blade  lasted, 
and  belnud  him  lay  men  made  speechless  by  the  work  of  his  hand. 

See  also  Appendix  J. 



The  dirk  worn  by  John  of  Conchra  at  Sheriff- 
mulr  has  been  preserved  by  his  descendants.  It 
was  taken  to  America  about  1770  by  one  of  his 
grandsons,  in  whose  family  it  remained  until  1894, 
when  it  came  into  the  possession  of  Duncan  Macrae, 
Esq.  of  Karnes  Castle.  John  of  Conchra  married,  as 
her  first  husband,  Isabel,  daughter  of  the  Rev. 
Donald  Macrae  of  Kmtail,  by  his  wife  Catherine 
Grant  of  Glenmoriston,  with  issue. 

1.  Alexander,  who  died  young  and  unmarried. 
His  name  is  frequently  mentioned  in  connection 
with  the  proceedings  of  the  Forfeited  Estates  Com- 
missioners on  the  Seaforth  estates,  after  the  Rebel- 
lion of  1715.  He  is  mentioned  as  a  minor  under 
the  guardianship  of  his  uncle,  Duncan,  Tutor  of 
Conchra,  on  the  29th  July,  1728,  and  probably  lived 
for  some  years  after. 

2.  John,  of  whom  next. 

XI.  JOHN  is  said  to  have  been  an  active, 
industrious  man  who  prospered  in  his  affairs.  There 
is,  under  date  12th  April,  1754,  a  renunciation  by 
him  in  favour  of  Kenneth,  Lord  Fortrose,  of  the 
town  and  lands  of  Conchra,  Croyard,  &c,  in  which 
he  is  described  as  John  Macrae  of  Conchra,  eldest 
son  and  heir  of  the  late  John  Macrae  of  Conchra, 
and  grandson  and  heir  of  the  late  Alexander  Mac- 
rae of  Conchra,  eldest  lawful  son  of  the  late  Mr 
John  Macrae,  Minister  at  Dingwall.      He  married' 

l  There  is  some  confusion  in  the  Mackenzie  Genealogies  with  regard  to 
this  marriage,  and  also  with  regard  to  the  marriage  of  James  Macrae  o, 
Balnaiu  with  another  Isabel  Mackenzie  of  Ballone  (page  147).  See  btr  J.  U. 
Mackenzie*'  Genealogical  Tables,  sheet  10,  and  Mackenzie's  History  of  the 
Mackenzies,  pages  575-6. 

156  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE   CLAN   MACftAE. 

Isabel,   daughter  of  Alexander  Mackenzie,  third  of 
Ballone,  and  died  in  1761,  with  issue  : — 

1.  John,  described  in  an  old  "  Tree "  as  last  of 
Conchra,  a  Captain  in  the  80th  Regiment,  was  killed 
on  the  8th  February,  1804,  on  board  the  Admiral 
Applin,  in  the  Bay  of  Bengal,  by  the  French,  while 
returning  as  a  passenger  to  India  to  join  his  regi- 
ment. His  son,  James,  who  was  with  him  at  the 
time,  was  taken  prisoner  to  Mauritius,  along  with 
the  ship.  Captain  John  married  Anne,  sister  of 
Archibald  Macra  of  Ardintoul,  who,  on  the  death  of 
her  husband,  received  two  pensions,  one  from  the 
Government  and  another  from  the  East  India 
Company.     By  her  Captain  John  left  issue  : — 

a.  James,  Captain  in  the  11th  Devon  Regiment, 
was  drowned  off  the  Lizard  on  the  21st  February, 
1811,  while  on  his  way  to  the  Peninsular  War. 

6.  Florence,  married  Captain  James  Grant,  with 
issue  : — 61.  Patrick  James,  Major  7th  Fusiliers,  mar- 
ried Sarah  Graham  ;  62.  Anne,  married  Allan  Ord, 
with  issue  : — Thomas,  Captain  2nd  Dragoon  Guards, 
died  1870  ;  Jane  ;  Patrick  ;  Catherine. 

2.  Duncan,  born  at  Conchra,  26th  April,  1754, 
and  died  27th  November,  1824.  He  married,  first, 
in  1785,  Sarah  Powell,  with  issue  : — 

«.  Flora,  born  1786. 

6.  Powell,  born  1788. 

He  married,  secondly,  in  1789,  Mary  Chesnut, 
with  issue  : — a.  Isabella  Scota,  who  married  John 
Macrae  of  Conchra  ;  6.  Margaret  ;  c.  Harriet ; 
d.  Flora ;  e.  Duncan  ;  /  Sarah  ;  g.  Mary  ;  h.  Sarah  ; 
?'.  John. 

THE    HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  157 

3.  Colin,  of  whom  below. 

4.  Florence,  married  Murdoch  Matheson,  with 
issue  : — 

a.  Alexander,  who  settled  in  Charleston,  U.S.A., 
about  1830,  and  married  a  daughter  of  Captain  Bate, 
w;th  issue  : — Murdoch  ;  Alexander  ;  John  ;  Flora. 

XII.  CQL1N,  son  of  John  of  Conchra  and  Isa- 
bella Mackenzie  of  Ballone,  was  Major  in  the  75th 
(Abercromby's)  Highlanders.  He  served  in  India, 
and  came  home  in  command  of  the  regiment  in  180G. 
He  married,  in  1808,  Isabella  (who  died  in  1827), 
daughter  of  Archibald  Macra  of  Ardintoul,  by  his 
wife  Janet,  daughter  of  John  Macleod,  tenth  Baron 
of  Raasay,  with  issue  as  below.  Major  Colin  died 
at  Banff  on  the  10th  March,  1821,  and  by  his  own 
dying  request  was  buried  with  his  forefathers  in 
Kintail.  His  father-in-law,  Archibald  Macra  of 
Ardintoul,  and  his  brother-in-law,  Donald  Macrae  of 
Auchtertyre,  went  to  Banff  to  arrange  the  funeral. 
The  men  of  Lochalsh  and  Kintail  went  as  far  as 
Cluanie  to  meet  the  hearse,  and  bore  the  coffin  for 
the  rest  of  the  way  on  their  shoulders.1 

1.  John  went  to  South  Carolina  about  1828. 
He  married  his  cousin,  Isabella  Scota,  daughter  of 
Duncan  Macrae  and  his  wife,  Mary  Chesnut,  and 
died  without  issue. 

2.  Archibald  lived  at  Bruiach,  in  Inverness- 
shire,  married  Fanny  Taylor  of  Aiding  Grange, 
Durham,  and  died  at  Kemerton  Priory,  in  Gloucester- 
shire, with  issue,  Mary  and  Flora,  both  of  whom 
died  young. 

l  Letter  from  KiuUil,  1821, 


3.  James  died  young  at  Banff,  and  was  buried 

4.  Colin  went  to  South  Carolina  about  1850, 
and  lived  with  his  brother  John  until  the  death  of 
the  latter,  when  he  succeeded  as  lineal  representative 
of  the  Conchra  family,  and  thirteenth  in  descent 
from  Fionnla  Dubh  MacGillechriosd,  the  founder  of 
the  Clan  Macrae  of  Kintail.  He  lives  at  Camden, 
in  South  Carolina,  and  is  unmarried. 

5.  Duncan,  born  8th  October,  1816.  He  served 
in  the  H.E.I. C.S.,  and  married,  November,  1852, 
Grace,  daughter  of  Donald  Stewart,  representative 
of  the  Stewarts  of  Overblairich  (cadet  of  the 
Stewarts  of  Garth),  with  issue  as  below.  Mr  Macrae 
resides  at  Kames  Castle,  Rothesay,  and  is  a  J. P. 
and  D.L.  for  the  County  of  Bute. 

a.  Stewart,  married  December,  1891,  Ethel 
Evelyn,  eldest  daughter  of  Martin  Ridley  Smith,  of 
Hayes  Common,  Kent,  and  his  wife,  Emily, 
daughter  of  Henry  Stuart  of  Montford,  Bute,  with 
issue: — a\.  Kenneth  Stewart;  <z2.  John  Nigel; 
a3.  Grace  Emily. 

b.  Sophia  Fredrica  Christina  Hastings,  married 
13th  November,  1879,  R.  P.  Henry-Batten-Pooll,  of 
Road  Manor,  Somersetshire,  and  Timsbury,  Wilt- 
shire, with  issue  : — b\.  Robert  Duncan,  died  12th 
August,  1894;  b=l.  Walter  Stewart;  b3.  Mary 
Margaret  ;  b-i.  John  Alexander  ;  bo.  Arthur  Hugh. 

c.  John  MacRae-Gilstrap,  of  Ballimore,  Argyle- 
shire,  Captain  Forty-Second  Royal  Highlanders, 
The  Black  Watch,  served  in  1884  and  1885  in 
Egypt,  the  Soudan,  and  the  Nile  Expedition,  was 

Major   JOHN    MacRAE-GILSTRAP,    of   Baltimore, 



present  at  all  the  engagements  in  which  his 
regiment  took  part,  and  was  mentioned  in  dis- 
patches. Captain  MacRae-Gilstrap1  married  on  the 
4th  March,  1889,  Isabella  Mary,  daughter  of  the 
late  George  Gilstrap  of  Newark-on-Trent,  and  niece 
of  the  late  Sir  William  Gilstrap,  Bart,  of  Fornham 
Park,  Suffolk,  under  whose  will  he  assumed,  9th 
January,  1897,  by  Royal  Licence,  the  additional 
surname  and  arms  of  Gilstrap,  and  has  issue  :— 
el.  Margaret  Helen  ;  c2.  Janet  Isabel  ;  c3.  Ella 
Mary  ;  ci.  Elizabeth  Barbara  Katherine  ;  c5.  Flora 
Sybil  ;  e6.  John  Duncan  George. 

d.  Anna  Helena. 

e.  Isabella. 

/  Colin  William,  Lieutenant  in  the  Forty- 
Second  Highlanders,  The  Black  Watch.  Lieutenant 
Colin,  who  is  an  accomplished  performer  on  the 
bagpipes,  is  possessor  of  the  "  fedan  dubh"  or  Black 
Chanter  of  Kintail.2  This  chanter,  which  was  one 
of  the  heirlooms  of  the  "High  Chiefs"  of  Kintail, 
was  given  by  the  last  Earl  of  Seaforth  to  the  late 
Colonel  Sir  John  Macra  of  Ardintoul.  By  him  it 
was  given  to  his  nephew,  Captain  Archibald  Macra 
Chisholm  of  Glassburn,  late  of  the  Forty-Second 
Royal  Highlanders,  The  Black  Watch,  who,  in 
1895,  gave  it  to  Lieutenant  Colin. 

6.  Francis  died  young. 

7.  Jessie  died  young  at  Banff,  and  was  buried 

1  A  portrait  and  biofrraphical  sketch  of  Captain  MacRae-Gilstrap,  and  also 
a  portrait  of  Mrs  MacRae-Gilstrap,  appeared  in  the  Celtic  Monthly  for  July,  lh96, 

2  Appendix  I, 



VII [.  The  Rev.  Donald  Macrae,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar. — Vicar 
of  Urray. — Chaplain  to  Seaforth's  Regiment. — Commissioner  to 
the  General  Assembly. — Vicar  of  Kintail. — His  Marriage  and 
Descendants. — The  Drudaig  Family. 

VIII.  REV.  DONALD,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar 
Macrae  of  Kintail,  became  Vicar  of  Urray  in  1649. 
He  was  chaplain  to  the  regiment  contributed  by 
Seaforth  to  the  expedition  which  ended  in  the 
defeat  of  the  Royalist  troops  at  Worcester  on  the 
3rd  September,  1651,  but  does  not  appear  to  have 
accompanied  it  to  England,  as  he  was  chosen 
Commissioner  to  the  General  Assembly  of  the 
Church  of  Scotland  in  that  year,  and  was  present, 
after  his  return  from  the  Assembly,  at  a  meeting  of 
the  Dingwall  Presbytery  at  Contin  on  the  19th 
August  in  that  year,  when  the  brethren  expressed 
their  satisfaction  with  the  manner  in  which  he  had 
performed  his  duties  as  their  Commissioner.  In 
1656  he  was  translated  to  Kintail  as  fellow  labourer 
and  "conjunct"  minister  with  his  father,  under 
circumstances  which  have  already  been  referred  to 
in  some  detail.1  On  the  death  of  his  father  in  1662 
Mr  Donald  became  sole  Vicar  of  Kintail  until  his 
own  death,  which  occurred  about  1681.     Mr  Donald 

1  See  page  64, 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  161 

married   Isabel,  daughter    of  Murdoch    Mackenzie, 
fifth  of  Hilton,  and  by  her  had  issue— 

1.  Alexander,  of  whom  below. 

2.  John,  who  left  one  son,  Kenneth,  who  married 
and  had  two  sons.  After  the  death  of  their  lather 
these  two  sons  went  to  North  Carolina  in  1774  with 
their  mother,  who  had  married  a  second  husband. 

3.  Colin  married  and  left,  together  with 
daughters — 

a.   Kenneth. 

h.  Alexander  was  tacksman  of  Achantighard, 
where  his  widow  was  living  in  1756.  He  married 
Janet,  daughter  of  Donald  Macrae,  and  had  issue — 

61.  Christopher,  who  was  for  some  time  tacks- 
man of  Leachachan.  He  afterwards  lived  at  Kyle- 
akin.  He  married  Janet,  daughter  of  Donald 
Macrae,  Dornie.  with  issue:— (1)  Christopher;  (2) 
Alexander,  died  in  Demerara,  leaving  issue;  (3) 
Colin,  died  in  Demerara  ;  (4)  Donald  ;  (5)  James  ; 
(6)  Christina,  who  married  Christopher  Macrae, 
Kyleakin;  (7)  Janet,1  who,  on  the  13th  March, 
1838,  married  Malcolm  Macrae,  Dornie,  and  died  on 
the  25th  October,  1893,  leaving  issue— Jean,  died 
young;  Jessie;  Barbara,  married  Thomas  Pa  ton, 
Glasgow  ;  Christopher,  died  in  America  ;  Jane  ; 
Murdoch,  died  young  :  Christina;  Isabella,  married 
Roderick  Matheson,  Totaig;  John,  now  living  at 
Dornie;  Christina;  Mary  Anne. 

62.  Mary,  married  Murdoch  Macrae. 

63.  Christina,  married  Fionnla  ( )g  Mor  of  Corrie- 


64.  Anne,  married  Duncan  Maci^ae. 
4.  Mary,  married  John  Matheson  of  Bennets- 
field,  with  issue. 

IX.  ALEXANDER,  son  of  the  Rev.  Donald, 
was  settled  by  his  father  in  the  lands  of  Drudaig, 
where  his  descendants  lived  for  some  generations. 
He  is  said  to  have  married  a  daughter  of  Fraser  of 
Belladrum,  and  had  issue — 

1.  Christopher,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Donald,  who  married  Anne  Matheson  of 
Fernaig,  with  issue — 

a.  Donald,  who  had  at  least  four  sons — Alex- 
ander ;  Donald  ;  Christopher ;  Duncan. 

6.  Duncan,  who  was  living  at  Achantighard 
in  1756.  He  married  Isabel,  daughter  of  Maurice 
Macrae,  with  issue — 

61.  Donald,  who  had  at  least  four  sons — Chris- 
topher ;  Duncan  ;  Allan  ;  John. 

62.  Farquhar. 

63.  Alexander,  who  was  in  the  Seventy-Eighth 

64.  Christopher,  also  in  the  Seventy  -  Eighth 
Highlanders,  was  killed  in  India  on  the  29  th  Nov- 
ember, 1803.1 

X.  CHRISTOPHER,  son  of  Alexander,  is  men- 
tioned in  an  old  letter,  as  having  been  at  the  Battle 

1  The  following  extract  is  from  a  letter  written  by  a  cousin  of  Christopher 
at  Bombay,  and  refers  to  his  death  :— "  You  will  no  doubt  be  sorry  for  poor 
Christopher's  fate,  who  was  killed  in  battle  on  the  29th  November,  1803.  You 
heard,  I  daresay,  of  his  marriage.  He  left  a  promising  young  daughter,  with  a 
pretty  good  fortune  of  £600  sterling.  His  fate  was  unexpected,  so  that  he  left 
his  affairs  unsettled.  His  wife  is  now  married  to  another  man  in  the  military 
service,  and  has  the  gu;nili;ui^lii]>  <>i  the  child." 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE   CLAN    MACRAE.  163 

of  Sherirt'muir.  He  is  described  as  "  a  tall,  slender 
man,  but  very  spirited."  He  was  one  of  the  first 
adherents  of  Presbyterianisni  in  Kintail,  and  was 
one  of  the  first  and  firmest  supporters  of  the  Rev, 
John  Bethune,  who  was  appointed  first  Presbyterian 
minister  of  the  newly-formed  parish  of  Glenshiel 
in  1727.  Christopher  married  Janet,  daughter  of 
Farquhar  Macrae  of  Inverinate,  and  died  in  1765, 
leaving  issue — 

1.  Christopher,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Margaret  married  Farquhar  Macrae. 

3.  Florence  married  Christopher  Macrae  at  Dal), 
son  of  Finlav,  son  of  John  Breac,  with  issue. 

4.  Anne  married  Duncan,  son  of  Maurice  Macrae 
of  Achyuran,  with  issue. 

XI.  CHRISTOPHER,  son  of  Christopher,  was 
tacksman  of  Drudaig  and  Glenundalan.1  He  married 
Anne,  daughter  of  John  Macrae,  son  of  Duncan, 
and  died  young,  leaving  issue — 

1.  Donald,  who  lived  at  Drudaig,  and  after- 
wards went  to  America.  He  married  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Farquhar  Macrae,  Fadoch. 

2.  Duncan  married  Christina  Macrae,  with  issue 
at  least  three  sons — John  ;  Christopher  ;  Alexander. 

3.  Christopher  married  Margaret,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Macrae  of  Auchtertyre,  and  went  to 
Canada  about  1816,  where  he  died,  leaving  issue — 

a.  Donald,  married  Mary  Macgregor  about  1841, 
and  died  at  Woodside,  Manitoba,  on  the  18th,  July, 
1886,  leaving  a  large  family,  one  of  whom  is  called 
Duncan,  by  whom  the  information  here  given  about 

1  Glenundalan  is  in  Glensbeil,  above  Shcil  House, 


the  family  of  Christopher  and  Margaret  Macrae  was 
communicated  to  the  author  in  1896. 

b.  Alexander,  who  went  to  France  as  a  young 
man  and  was  never  again  heard  of. 

c.  Margaret,  married  Kenneth  Macgregor,  and 
died  at  Ashfield,  Ontario,  leaving  issue — two  sons 
and  two  daughters. 

d.  Isabella,  married  Donald  Macgregor,  and  died 
also  at  Ashfield,  Ontario,  leaving  a  large  family. 

e.  Duncan,  married  and  had  a  large  family.  He 
died  about  1891,  and  was  the  last  survivor  of  the 

/  Annie,  married  John  Macrae,  with  issue. 
g.  John,  died  in  Indiana  about   1866,  leaving  a 
large  family. 

4.  Alexander,  married  Flora  Macrae,  with 
issue — 

a.  Duncan,     b.  Donald. 

c.  Alexander,  who  was  living  in  1887  with  his 
son,  a  chemist  in  Edinburgh. 

5.  Anne,  married  Donald  Macrae  at  Achnagart, 
and  had,  with  other  issue,  the  Rev.  John  Macrae  of 
Knockbain,  of  whom  hereafter. 

6.  Margaret. 

7.  Mary. 

8.  Janet. 

9.  Isabel. 



VIII.  Miles,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae— Receives  a  joint 
wadset  of  Catnusluinic— His  Marriage  and  Descendants.— The 
Cannislumie  Family.— VI II.  Murdoch,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar 
Macrae. — His  Descendants. 

VIII.  MILES  or  MAOLMOIRE,  son  of  the  Rev.  P 
Farquhar  Macrae  of  Kintail,  received,  about  1646,  a 
joint  wadset  with  his  brothers  Murdoch  and  John 
Breac,  of  Camusluinie,  which  the  family  held  until 
1751,  when  the  wadset  was  redeemed.  He  married, 
it  is  said,  a  Murchison,  and  left  issue,  at  least  one 

IX.  DONALD,  who  is  said  to  have  been  "an 
active  and  spirited  man."  He  married  and  left 
issue,  at  least  one  son. 

X.  JOHN,  who  married  Marian,  daughter  of 
Christopher  Macrae  of  Aryugan,  by  whom  he  had 
issue — 

1.  Alexander,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Farquhar,  who  had  two  sons,  Donald  and 

3.  Duncan  died  unmarried. 

XL  ALEXANDER,  son  of  the  above-mentioned 
John,  was  called  Alister  Buidh.  He  married,  lust, 
Isabel,  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae  of  Balnain,  by 
whom  he  had  issue — 


1.  Duncan,  of  whom  below. 

2.  John,  called  Ian  Ruadh  (Red-haired  John), 
married  Isabella  Macrae,  with  issue — 

a.  Donald,  who  married,  first,  Christina  Mac- 
lennan,  by  whom  he  had  a  son. 

«1.  Duncan,  who  went  to  New  Zealand.  He 
married  Isabella,  daughter  of  Farquhar  Maclennan, 
Camusluinie,  with  numerous  issue. 

Donald  married,  secondly,  Christina,  daughter 
of  Christopher  Macrae,  Carr,  and  died  in  1883, 
leaving  issue. 

«2  John,  a  farmer  at  Ardelve,  married  Mary 
Macrae,  with  issue — Jessie;  Donald;  Isabel;  Chris- 
tina ;  Alexander  ;  Duncan  ;  John. 

«3.  Christopher  died  at  Ardelve  in  1887. 

«4.  Alexander,  a  farmer  at  Ardelve,  married 
16th  December,  1886,  Zeller,  daughter  of  Donald 
Macrae,  Auchtertyre  family,  with  issue — Farquhar  ; 
Frederick  ;  Donald  ;  Margaret  ;  Duncan. 

b.  Farquhar  died  unmarried  at  Ardelve  in  1887. 
Alexander,  called  Alister  Buidh ,  married,  secondly, 

Mary,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae,  Camusluinie, 
with  issue — 

3.  Farquhar,  called  Ferachar  Ban.  He  was  a 
Sergeant  in  the  Seventy-Eighth  Highlanders,  served 
in  India,  and  afterwards  lived  as  a  Pensioner  at 
Dornie.  He  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Murdoch 
Murchison,  with  issue — 

«.  Alexander,  a  Roman  Catholic  Priest,  was  for 
some  time  at  Beauly,  and  was  afterwards  drowned 
at  Cape  Breton. 

b.  Janet ;  c,  Mary. 



XII.  DUNCAN,  eldest  son  of  Mister  Buidh,  is 
spoken  of  as  "an  industrious  and  religious  man." 

He  lived  at  Fadoch,  and  afterwards  at  Ardelve. 
He  married  Helen,  daughter  of  John  Og,  son  of 
the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  of  Kintail,  with  issue. 

1.  Mary,  born  14th  September,  1774,  married 
Alexander  Macrae,  Inchcro,  with  issue. 

2.  Alexander,  who  went  to  Canada  in  18-21. 
He  married  Anne,  daughter  of  John  Mackenzie, 
by  his  wife,  Christina,  daughter  of  Alexander 
Macrae,  Auchtertyre,  and  had,  with  other  issue— 

a.  Duncan. 

h.  John  Alexander,  an  American  Railway  Con- 
tractor, now  living  at  Niagara  Falls.  He  married, 
first,  Agnes  Anne  Ross,  who  died  on  the  22nd  August, 
1891,  and  was  buried  at  St  Catherine's  Cemetery, 
Ontario.  She  left  one  son,  William.  John  Alex- 
ander married,  secondly,  Julia  Perham. 
c.   Christopher. 

3  John,  called  Ian  Ban,  horn  at  Ardelve  30th 
January,  1777,  died  14th  August,  1848,  and  was 
buried  at  Kilduich.  He  married  Isabel,  daughter 
of  Alexander  Macpherson,  Gairloch,  and  by  her,  who 
died  on  the  6th  March,  1861,  had  issue— 

a.  Duncan,  died  unmarried  8th  May,  188G,  aged 
seventy-two  years. 

b.  Anne,  died  unmarried  18th  July,  1858,  aged 
forty-one  years. 

c.  Kate,  died  unmarried  10th  February,  1883, 
aged  sixty-two  years. 

d.  Hannah,  died  unmarried. 
c.  Margaret,  died  unmarried. 

168  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

d.  Alexander,  for  many  years  Postmaster  at 
Strome  Ferry,  died  unmarried  on  the  25th  June, 
1896,  aged  seventy-one  years. 

VIII.  MURDOCH,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar 
Macrae  of  Kintail,  had  a  joint  wadset  with  his 
brothers,  Miles  and  John  Breac,  of  Camusluinie. 
He  married  and  had  issue,  at  least  one  son. 

IX.  DONALD,  who  married  and  left  issue,  at 
least  one  son. 

X.  MURDOCH,  who  married  Giles  or  Julia, 
daughter  of  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  merchant,  Ding- 
wall, by  whom  he  had  issue  two  sons,  as  mentioned 
below,  and  four  daughters,  of  whom  nothing  appears 
to  be  known. 

1.  Donald,  who  married  Anne,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Mackenzie  of  Lent  ran,  second  son  of 
Simon  Mackenzie,  first  laird  of  Torridon.  Donald 
died  at  an  advanced  age  about  1790,  and  had  issue — 

a.  Murdoch,  who  emigrated  to  North  Carolina 
in  or  about  1773.  He  was  engaged  on  the  Loyalist 
side  in  the  American  War  of  Independence,  and 
"  was  killed  in  the  engagement  'twixt  the  Loyalists 
and  the  Americans  at  More's  Bridge  in  that  country 
in  February,  1776." 

b.  John,  who  was  a  planter  in  Jamaica. 

c.  Colin,  who  was  a  printer  in  London. 

d.  Alexander,  who  was  a  merchant  in  New  York. 

e.  Abigail  ;  f,  Giles  or  Julia  ;  g,  Florence. 
These  three  daughters  were  married,     h,  Janet. 

2.  Alexander,  who  married  a  Maclean,  niece  of 
the  Rev.  John  Maclean,  first  Presbyterian  Minister 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THK    CLAN    MACRAE.  169 

of  Kintail,  by  whom  lie  is  said  to  have  had  issue,  one 
son  and  four  daughters. 

It  has  been  found  impossible,  so  far,  to  trace  the 
descendants  of  Murdoch,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar 
Macrae,  any  further. 



VIII.  John  Breac,  sou  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar. — Foster  Brother  of 
Kenneth,  third  Earl  of  Seaforth. — Under  Factor  or  Chamber- 
lain of  Kintail. — His  Marriage  and  Descendants. — The  Auchter- 
tyre  Family.— Finlay,  son  of  John  Breac. — Killed  at  the 
Battle  of  Glensheil. — His  Marriage  and  Desceadants. — The 
Carr  Family. 

VIII.  JOHN,  probably  the  youngest  son  of  the  Rev. 
Farquhar  Macrae  of  Kintail,  was  called  Ian  Breac. 
He  was  tacksman  of  Achyaragan  in  Kintail,  and  is 
spoken  of  as  "an  active  and  successful  farmer,  who 
left  means  behind  him."  He  also  had  a  joint 
wadset  of  Camusluinie  with  his  brothers  Miles  and 
Murdoch,  for  which  his  father  gave  ten  thousand 
marks  to  George,  second  Earl  of  Seaforth.  With 
regard  to  this  wadset  the  clan  historian  says  that 
"  whether  the  other  two  paid  off  John  or  not,  his 
successors  got  none  of  the  money  when  the  wadset 
was  redeemed  in  1751."  In  addition  to  being  an 
"  active  and  successful "  farmer,  John  Breac  was 
under  factor  or  chamberlain  of  Kintail  under 
Kenneth  Mor,  third  Earl  of  Seaforth,  who,  it  will  be 
remembered,  was  brought  up  as  a  boy  and  received 
his  early  education  in  the  family  of  the  Rev. 
Farquhar  Macrae.1    John  Breac  was  Kenneth  Mor's 

1  See  page  59. 

the  history  of  the  clan  Macrae.        u  i 

foster  brother,  and  there  is  some  reason  to  believe 
that  the  reputation  which  Kenneth  had  of  being  the 
best  chief  in  the  Highlands  of  Scotland  was  in  some 
measure  due  to  the  influence  of  his  foster  brother, 
to  whose   strong   sense  of  justice   and   kindly   con- 
sideration   for   the    rights   and  the   feelings   of  the 
people  the  traditions  of  Kintail  and  Lochalsh  still 
testify.       It  is  said  that  about  the  year  1G70,  while 
there"  was  a  rearrangement  of  farms  and  a  revision 
of  leases    being    made    on    the    Seaforth    estate    of 
Kintail,  John  Breac  was  ill  of  a  fever  and  unable  to 
take    any    part    in    the    proceedings.      On    hearing, 
however,  that  a  certain  Kenneth  Mackay  ofSallachy 
was   to   be   removed  against   his  own   wish    from   a 
farm  which  his  family  had  held  for  several  genera- 
tions,  John  Breac,  ill  as  he   was,  got   out  of  bed, 
wrapped  himself  well  up  in  a  blanket   and  set  out 
across  the  hills  of  Attadale  in  pursuit  of  Seaforth, 
who   had,   only  that   day,  left   Kintail  for  Brahan. 
John  Breac  overtook  him  at  Camalt  Inn,  Attadale, 
and  refused  to  part  with  him  until  he  promised  to 
let  Mackay  remain  in  undisturbed  possession  of  his 
ancestral    home.        It    is    said    that    this    Mackay's 
descendants  are  still  living  at  Sallachy.       From  all 
accounts    John   Breac    was    a   man    of   weight   and 
influence  among  his  countrymen,  and  his  death  was 
lamented   in   an  elegy,    of  which    a  few   fragments 
have  been  orally  preserved  in  Lochalsh  and  Kintail 
to  the  present  day.1 

John  Breac  was  married,  but  it  is  uncertain  who 
his  wife  was.     He  had  at  least  three  children,  and 


his  eldest  son,  Duncan,  was  born  before  his  marriage. 
One  tradition  says  that  the  mother  of  this  Duncan 
was  a  daughter  of  Munro  of  Foulis,  who  was  living 
at  the  time  with  Lady  Seaforth  at  Ellandonan 
Castle.  Another  tradition,  which  can  be  traced 
back  among  Duncan's  descendants  for  more  than  a 
hundred  years,  and  which,  for  other  reasons  also, 
appears  to  be  a  more  authentic  one,  says  that  Dun- 
can's mother  was  a  daughter  of  Mackenzie  of  Hilton, 
and  that  she  afterwards  became  John  Breac's  wife. 
This  tradition  is  to  a  certain  extent  supported  by  the 
Manuscript  History  of  the  Clan,  in  which  it  is  stated 
that  John  Breac  "  had  a  son  by  his  wife  before  mar- 
riage," but  does  not  say  who  his  wife  was.  In  any 
case  it  was  Finlay,  the  second  son,  who  was  served 
heir  to  John  Breac,  who  died  before  the  28th  of 
July,  1696,  that  being  the  date  of  the  service.  John 
Breac  left  at  least  the  following  issue — 

1.  Duncan,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Finlay,  of  whom  hereafter. 

3.  Catherine,  who  married  Murdoch  Matheson, 
and  had  a  son  John,  who  had  a  son  Kenneth,  who 
married  a  daughter  of  Roderick  Mackenzie  of  Rissel, 
Lochcarron,  and  had  a  son  John,  who  died  without 
issue  at  Kishorn  in  1849,  aged  seventy-two  years. 

IX.  DUNCAN,  son  of  John  Breac,  is  mentioned 
on  an  old  genealogical  tree  as  "  Mr  Duncan,"  and 
was  probably  educated  for  the  Church.  There  is  a 
tradition  that  he  occupied  some  post  of  importance1 
on  the  Seaforth  estate  of  Kintail.  He  lived  at 
Coilrie,  was  married,  and  left  issue — 

6  a  man  hoUHug  an  office  of  trust 



1.  Alexander,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Murdoch,  who  had  issue — 

a.  Alexander,  mentioned  as  a  Schoolmaster  in 
Easter  Boss. 

b.  John. 

3.  Donald,  married  and  had  issue — 

a.  John,  who  had  a  son  called  John  Hoy  Qg, 
who  had  two  sons,  viz.,  Thomas,  who  was  drowned, 
and  John,  who  had  two  sons,  John  and  Thomas,  who 
resided  at  Dornie  in  the  hrst  half  of  the  present 

h.  Alexander,      c.   Duncan  Hoy. 

4.  Beatrice,  who  married  Donald  Macrae,  and 
had  a  son  Alexander,  who  had  a  son  Alexander  Og, 
who  lived  at  Dornie. 

X.   ALEXANDER,  son  of  Duncan,  married  and 

had  issue — 

1.  Donald,  of  whom  next, 

2.  Duncan,  married  with  issue. 

3.  Mary. 

4.  Catherine,  married  with  issue. 

5.  Rebecca,  married  with  issue. 

XL  DONALD,  son  of  Alexander,  was  called 
Domhnull  Mhic  Alister.  Having  quarrelled  for  some 
reason  with  Seaforth,  he  left  Kintail  and  went  to 
Rannoch,  in  Perthshire.  After  a  brief  and  appar- 
ently not  very  satisfactory  sojourn  in  that  part  of 
the  country  he  returned  home,  and  afterwards  took 
a  grazing  farm  on  Bein  na  Caillich.  in  Skye,  where 
he"  lived  for  some  time.  He  was  drowned  while 
crossing  Kylerea  Ferry  during  a  storm,  and  his  body 
was  never  found.       He  married  Flora,  daughter  of 

174         THE    HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

Kenneth  Mackenzie,  Culdrein,  Attadale  (Dochma- 
luag  family),  by  bis  wife  Flora  Mackenzie,  whose 
father  was  Roderick,  son  of  John,  second  laird  of 
Applecross,  and  whose  mother  was  Isabel,  daughter 
of  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  sixth  laird  of  Gairloch.  By 
her  he  had  issue — 

1.  Alexander,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Duncan,  who  married,  and  had  issue. 

a.  Flora,  who,  on  the  17th  March,  1788,  married 
John  Macrae,  Sallachy ,  with  issue — Duncan ;  Donald ; 

b.  Isabel,  who  married  Malcolm  Macrae,  with 
issue — 

b\.  Duncan,  who  went  to  America,  married,  and 
had  issue. 

h2.  John,  who  died  young. 

63.  Margaret,     hi.  Kate. 

65.  Flora,  who  married  George  Fiulayson  at 
Avernish,  with  issue — Duncan  ;  Kenneth,  now  living 
at  Avernish  ;  John. 

XII.  ALEXANDER,  eldest  son  of  Donald,  was 
called  Alister  Donn  (Brown  Alexander).  He  was 
co-tacksman  of  Auchtertyre,  with  the  famous  Coll 
Macdonell,  fourth  of  Barisdale,1  and  was  in  his  own 
day  one  of  the  leading  men  of  the  parish.  He  had  a 
house  built  for  himself  at  Auchtertyre,  which  is  said 
to  have  been  the  first  "  white  house"  in  the  parish 
of  Lochalsh,  except  the  Minister's  Manse.  He  mar- 
ried Isabel,2  daughter  of  John  Og,  son  of  the  Rev. 

1  For  several  references  to  Coll  of  Barisdale,  se«  Antiquarian  Notes  (Second 
Series)  by  Charles  Fraser  Mackintosh,  LL.D. 

2  See  page  79, 

THE   HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAX    MACRAE.  1/0 

Donald,  sou  of  Alexander  of  Invevinate,  and  by  her 
had  issue  as  below.  He  lived  to  a  very  advanced 
age,  and  was  the  oldest  man  in  the  parish  for  several 
years  before  his  death,  which  occurred  in  June,  1832. 
He  was  buried  at  Kirkton,  Lochalsh. 

1.  Duncan,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Donald,  born  at  Auchtertyre  in  1775.  He 
was  a  planter  at  Demerara,  and  afterwards  tacks- 
man of  Auchtertyre,  and  factor  for  Macleod  of 
Raasay  and  Matheson  of  Attadale.  He  married, 
about  the  end  of  1816  or  the  commencement  of 
1817,  Jane,  daughter  of  Archibald  Macra  of  Ardin- 
toul,  by  whom  he  had  issue  as  below.  He  died 
on  the  15th  November,  1843,  and  was  buried  at 

a.  John,  a  Doctor  of  Medicine,  was  surgeon  in 
the  East  India  Company's  service,  and  died  un- 
married at  Cawnpore  on  the  21st  January,  1857. 

b.  James  died  unmarried. 

c.  Archibald  died  unmarried. 

d.  Jessy,  who,  in  1849,  married  John  Stewart  of 
Ensay  (of  the  Stewarts  of  Garth),  and  died  on  the 
26th  of  October,  1860,  leaving  issue— 

d\.  Jane  Macrae. 

c/2.   William,  a  Captain  in  the  91st  Highlanders. 

r/3.  Isabella  Christian  married,  in  1882,  Gordon 
Fraser,  and  has  issue. 

d±.   Mary  died  in  1891. 

c/5.  Donald  Alexander  married,  in  1894,  Isabella 
Marv  Anderson,  with  issue — Mary. 

d6.  Jessy  Chisholm  married,  in  1888,  Thomas 

176  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

d7.  Archibald  died  in  childhood. 

3.  Alexander,  who  died  while  studying 
medicine  at  Aberdeen  on  the  14th  June,  1810,  aged 
twenty-two  years,  and  was  buried  at  Kirkton. 

4.  John,  died  unmarried,  and  was  buried  at 

5.  Farquhar  went  to  Canada  about  1833,  and 
was  for  some  time  a  schoolmaster  there.  He  is 
spoken  of  as  "  an  excellent  teacher  and  a  most 
loveable  man."1  After  a  few  years  spent  in  Canada 
he  returned  to  Lochalsh,  and  died  unmarried  on  the 
4th  October,  1839.     He  was  buried  at  Kirkton. 

6.  Christina  married  John  Mackenzie,  Auch- 
more,  and  had,  with  other  issue,  Anne,  who  married 
Alexander  Macrae  in  America,  a  descendant  of 
Miles,  son  of  the  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae  of  Kintail, 
with  issue  as  already  mentioned.2 

7.  Mary  married  Alexander  Maclennan,  and 
had,  with  other  issue,  a  daughter  Jessie,  who 
married  Duncan  Macrae,  farmer,  Kirkton,  with  issue 
as  already  mentioned.3 

8.  Margaret  married  Christopher  Macrae 
(Drudaig  family),  went  to  America,  and  had  issue 
as  already  mentioned.4 

9.  Barbara  married  Malcolm  Ross,  a  native  of 
Easter  Ross.  He  was  a  road  contractor,  and  made, 
among  other  roads,  the  one  leading  from  Strome 
Ferry  to  Lochalsh.  Barbara  and  her  husband 
subsequently  went  to  America.  She  died  on  the 
11th  February,  1870,  and  her  husband  died  on  the 

1  Letter  from  one  of  his  old  pupils. 

2  Page  167.      3  Page  127.       *  Page  163, 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  177 

22nd   April,    1877,   botli   at  a  very   advanced  age. 
They  left  issue — 

a.  John,  who  was  born  at  Auchmore,  in  Loch- 
alsh,  before  his  parents  emigrated.  He  is  a  railway 
contractor  in  America. 

b.  Catherine  died  at  the  age  of  twenty-one,  on 
the  9th  May,  184G,  and  was  buried  at  Russelton 
Flats,  Quebec. 

c.  Alexander,  married  with  issue. 

d.  Isabella. 

e.  Christina,  married  with  issue. 

f.  Donald  Walter  married  Susan  Macdonald. 
He  died  on  the  26th  December,  1877,  and  was 
buried  at  St  Catherine's  Cemetery,  Ontario. 

g.  Agnes  Anne  married  John  Alexander  Macrae 
of  Niagara  Falls,  with  issue,  and  died  on  the  22nd 
August,  1891,1  as  already  mentioned. 

10.   Flora  died  unmarried. 

XIII.  DUNCAN,  eldest  son  of  Alexander  of 
Auchtertyre,  was  for  some  time  a  Sergeant  in  the 
Seventy-Eighth  Highlanders.  He  was  a  farmer  at 
Auchmore,  and  afterwards  lived  at  Auchtertyre, 
where  he  died  at  a  very  advanced  age  on  the  13th 
February,  I860,  being  for  some  time  before  his 
death  the  oldest  man  in  the  parish.  He  was  buried 
at  Kirkton.  He  married  Christina,  daughter  of 
Murdoch  Mackenzie,  farmer  at  Braintra,2  and  by 
her,   who  died  on  the  10th   of  October,   1874,  aged 

1  Seepage  167. 

2  The  family  to  which  this  Murdoch  Mackenzie  belonged  lived  at  Braintra 
for  many  generations,  and  is  said  to  have  beeu  descended  from  Sir  Dougal 

Mackenzie,  Priest  of  Kiutail,  who  was  killed  by  Donald  Gorui  Macdonald  of 
Sleat  in  1539.— See  page  26. 


ninety  years,  and  was  buried  at  Kirkton,  he  had 
issue — 

1.  Donald,  born  at  Auchmore  on  the  15th  of 
January,  1808.  He  lived  at  Avernish,  where  he 
died  on  the  3rd  of  April,  1888,  and  was  buried  at 
Kirkton.  He  married,  on  the  23rd  of  January,  1845, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Murdoch  Matheson,  and  by 
her,  who  died  on  the  22nd  of  April,  1893,  aged 
seventy-two  years,  had  issue — 

a.  Margaret,  born  on  the  12th  of  November, 
1845,  married  on  the  31st  July,  1873,  Ewen  Mathe- 
son, at  Plockton,  with  issue — 

al.  Annabella  Mary  ;  a2,  Margaret  Mary  ;  «3, 
Farquhar ;  ai,  Frederick  Donald  ;  «5,  Hectorina. 

b.  Donald,  born  on  the  22nd  of  January,  1847, 
a  Sergeant  of  Police  in  Glasgow,  married  on  the  5th 
of  April,  1870,  Janet,  daughter  of  Thomas  Mac- 
lennan,  with  issue — ■ 

b\.  Margaret,  born  on  the  27th  of  March,  187L 
married  on  the  15th  October,  1896,  Colin  Campbell,- 
in  Glasgow,  with  issue. 

b2.  Jessie,  born  on  the  22nd  of  April,  1873. 

63.  Jane,  born  on  the  14th  of  September,  1876. 

64.  Catherine,  born  on  the  18th  of  October, 

65.  Frederick  Donald,  born  on  the  4th  of  April, 

.  c.  Murdoch,  born  on  the  25th  of  May,  1849, 
died  unmarried  in  Minnesota,  in  the  United  States, 
in  1872. 

d.  Catherine,  born  on  the  10th  of  October,  1851. 

e.  Frederick  George,  born  on  the  7th  of  Decern- 

The  htstory  of  the  clan  macrae.        179 

ber,  1853  ;  a  Captain  in  the  Merchant  Service, 
drowned  at  sea  in  1882. 

/.'  John  Alexander,  born  on  the  11th  of  March, 

g.  Farquhar,  born  on  the  17th  of  October,  1858. 

h.  Zeller,  born  on  the  26th  of  October,  1860, 
married  Alexander  Macrae,  at  Ardelve,  with  issue  as 
already  mentioned.1 

2.  Margaret,  married  on  the  25th  of  April, 
1844,  John  Matheson,  and  died  on  the  "2nd  of 
January,  1846,  without  surviving  issue. 

3.  John,  born  at  Auchmore  in  March,  1814. 
He  lived  for  many  years  at  Aultdearg  in  Kinloch- 
luichart,2  and  afterwards  moved  to  Easter  Ross. 
He  died  at  Bridgend  of  Alness,  in  the  parish  of 
Rosskeen,  on  the  15th  of  April,  1865,  and  was  buried 
at  Kirkton,  in  Lochalsh.  He  married,  on  the  10th 
April,  1851,  Flora,3  born  13th  September,  1825, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Gillanders,  some  time  tacks- 
man of  Immer  and  Attadale  in  Lochcarron,  and  left 
issue  — 

a.  Rev.  Alexander,  born  on  the  23rd  of  April. 
1852,  a  clergyman  of  the  Church  of  England,  now 
(1898)  Assistant  Master  of  Emanuel  School,  Wands- 
worth Common,  and  Curate  of  St  Helen's  Church, 
Bishopsgate,  in  the  City  of  London.  He  is  the 
author  of  this  book. 

b.  Margaret,  born  on  the  12th  October,  1853. 

c.  Duncan,  born  on  the  29th  of  July,  1855,  and 

1  Page  166. 

2  Kinlochluichart is  a  quoad  sacra  pariah  situated  near  the  centre  of  the 
county  of  Ross,  and  traversed  by  the  Dingwall  and  Skye  Railway. 

3  Appendix  F. 


now  in  America,  married  on  the  19th  July,  1887, 
Mary  Anne,  daughter  of  Roderick  Macdonald, 
Dingwall,  and  by  her,  who  died  the  following  year 
at  Toronto,  Canada,  had  issue,  one  son,  Roderick 
John,  born  on  the  15th  of  March,  1888. 

d.  Annie,  born  on  the  14th  of  June,  1857, 
married,  on  the  3rd  of  December,  1886,  Ivan  Ingrain 
Mavor,  of  Newcastle-on-Tyne  (son  of  the  Rev.  James 
Mavor,  M.A.,  Glasgow)  who  was  shortly  afterwards 
killed  in  an  accident  at  Birkenhead,  and  by  whom 
she  had  issue,  one  son,  Ivan,  born  on  the  12th  of 
September,  1887. 

e.  Jeannie,  born  on  the  20th  of  August,  1859, 
married,  on  the  12th  of  August,  189G,  Farquhar 
Matheson,  Dornie. 

/  Farquhar,  born  on  the  20th  of  October,  1862, 
M.B.  and  CM.,  of  Aberdeen  University,  now  living 
at  Alness. 

g.  John,  born  on  the  31st  of  October,  1865. 

IX.  FINLAY,  son  of  John  Breac,  son  of  the 
Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae.  He  was  served  heir  to  his 
father  in  July,  1696.1 

Finlay  is  said  to  have  "  lived  in  plentiful  circum- 
stances at  Dullig,"  and  was  killed  in  the  battle  of 
Glensheil  in  1719,  fighting  on  the  Jacobite  side. 
"  During  the  retreat  he  loitered  behind  to  have  a  shot 
at  two  troopers  who  were  following  up  close  behind. 

1  Finlaus  M'Oa  in  Aehgargan  haercs  Joannis  M'Cra  nuper  in  Aehgargan, 
filii  legitimi  quoudom  Magistri  Farquhardi  M'Cra  aliquando  Ministri  verbi  Dei 
apud  ecclesiara  de  Kintaill  \ta,tria.—Reijisttr  of  Rdours,  28th  July,  1696. 

Under  the  same  date  Finlay  is  entered  as  heir  to  his  uncles  Christopher 
and  Thomas,  legitimate  sons  of  Mr  Farquhar  Macrae,  formerly  Minister  of 


He  killed  one  of  the  troopers,  but  the  other  killed 
him."1  It  is  uncertain  who  his  wife  was,  but  she  is 
mentioned  on  an  old  genealogical  tree  as  Janet 
Nighean  Lachlain  Mhic  Thearlich  (daughter  of  Lach- 
lan,  the  son  of  Charles),  and  by  her  he  had  issue— 

1.  Farquhar,  of  whom  hereafter. 

2.  Christopher,  who  lived  at  Dall,  and  is  men- 
tioned as  "a  religious,  honest  man."  He  married 
Florence,  daughter  of  Christopher  Macrae,  Drudaig, 
with  issue — 

a.  John,  called  Ian  Ban,  a  carpenter  or  builder. 
He  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  John  Og,  son 
of  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae,  with  issue— 

ol.  Christopher,  who  had  sons— (1)  Farquhar, 
who  had  a  son,  Alexander  ;  (2)  Donald  ;  (3)  John. 

a-2.  Flora,  who  married  Duncan  Macrae,2  a  de- 
scendant of  the  Rev.  Finlay  Macrae,  Lochalsh. 

b.  Janet,  who  is  said  to  have  married  Duncan, 
grandson  of  Christopher  of  Aryugan.3 

c.  Flora,  married  Alexander  Macrae,  of  the  Mer- 
chant Service.  He  was  called  the  Captain  Dubh 
(the  Black  Captain). 

d.  Anne,  is  said  to  have  married  "  Farquhar  of 
the  Smith  family." 

3.  Flora,  married  Neil  Mackinnon  of  Kyleakin, 
and  had  issue  at  least  a  son — 

a.  John,  who  married  a  Miss  Macdonald,  and 
had  a  son — 

ol.  Dr  Farquhar  Mackinnon  of  Kyleakin,  who 
married  and  had  issue— ( I )  John,  who  lived  at 
Kyleakin.      (2)  The  Rev.  Neil  Mackinnon  of  C'reich, 

1  Okl  letter  from  Kiutail.       "-  Page  50.      3  Page  124. 


who  married  Elizabeth  Flora  Anne,  daughter  of 
James  Thomas  Macdonald  of  Balranald,  with  issue — 
Farquhar  ;  Catherine,  married  James  Ross,  Polio, 
Kilmuir,  Easter  Ross,  with  issue  ;  James  Thomas  ; 
Jane  ;  Jemima  ;  Christina.      (3)  Margaret. 

4.  Isabel,  married,  first,  Kenneth  Macleod  of 
Arnisdale,  Glenelg,  commonly  called  Kenneth 
Mac  Alister,  with  issue.  She1  married,  secondly, 
Neil  Mackinnion  of  Borreraig,  one  of  the  Corri- 
chatachan  family.  From  this  marriage  were  de- 
scended the  Mackinnons  of  Strath. 

X.  FARQUHAR,2  son  of  Finlay,  married,  first, 
a  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae  of  Aryugan,3  who  was 
killed  at  the  Battle  of  Sheriffmuir,  and  had  issue — 

1.  Finlay,  called  Fionnla  Ban,  lived  at  Bun- 
da]  loch  ;  married,  and  had  issue. 

2.  Donald,  who  went  to  America  in  1774. 

3.  Duncan,  who  also  went  to  America  in  1774. 
Farquhar    married,    secondly,    a     daughter    of 

Alister  Mor  Mac  Ian  Mhic  Dhonnachidh,  and  had 

4.  Christopher,  of  whom  below. 

5.  Isabel,  who  married  Christopher  Macrae, 
Achyark,  with  issue, — 

a.  Farquhar,  who  lived  at  Ardelve  and  married 
Anne,  daughter  of  John,  son  of  Alister  Ruadh 
Macrae,  already  mentioned,4  and  had  issue — 

1  There  is  some  reason  to  believe  that  this,  and  not  the  daughter  of  the 
Rev.  John  Macrae  of  Dingwall,  is  the  Isabel  whose  name  is  mentioned  on  the 
tombstone  referred  to  on  page  146. 

2  The  succession  of  Finlay  is  continued  here  in  his  sou  Farquhar  only  for 
convenience  of  arrangement.     It  is  not  maintained  that  he  was  the  eldest  son. 

3  Page  123.      *  Page  124. 



«1.  Duncan,  now  living  at  Ardelve,  by  whom 
this  statement  of  the  descendants  of  his  grand- 
parents, Christopher  and  Isabel  Macrae,  was  given 
to  the  author  in  1890.  Duncan  gave  evidence 
before  Lord  Napier's  Crofter  Commission  in  1883. 
He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae, 
with  issue:— Anne;  Anne;  Duncan,  who  died  at 
Dorniein  1883;  Kate;  Farquhar  ;  Maggie. 

a'2.  John. 

«3.  Farquhar,  married  Janet  Macrae,  with  issue : 
—Anne;  Janet;  Maggie;  Isabel;  Mary;  Alex- 

ai.  Christopher,  married  Kate  Macrae,  with 
iSSUe  :— -Anne  ;  Duncan  ;  Margaret  married  Hector 
Macdonald  ;  Farquhar  ;  Christina  ;  Catherine  ;  Mary. 

b.  Farquhar. 

c.  Duncan,  who  was  a  soldier  and  served  in 

d.  Alexander. 

e.  John,    who    was    for    many    years   a   school- 
master at  Sleat,  and  a  well-known  Gaelic  scholar, 
folklorist,  and  genealogist.     He  married  Catherine 
Macrae  of  the  Torlysich  family,  and  had  issue- 
el.  John;  e2,  Christopher; 

e3.  The  Rev.  Godfrey,  Minister  of  Cross,  in  the 
Island  of  Lews  ; 

t'4.  Isabel ;  e5,  Annabel  ;  c6,  Christina  ;  c7,  Flora. 

/  Finlay,  married  a  Miss  Finlayson,  with  issue  : 
—Mary  ;  Christopher  ;  Roderick  ;  Kenneth  ;  Far- 
quhar ;  Duncan  ;  Annabel ;  Isabel. 

6.  Christina,  married  Duncan  Macdonald,  at 
Carr,  with  issue. 

184         THE    HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

7.  Mary,  married  Farquhar  Maclennan,  a  native 
of  Kintail,  and  had  issue  at  least  one  son. 

a.  Roderick,  called  Ruaridh  Mor  (Big  Roderick), 
who  lived  in  Glenurquhart,  and  died  in  1884.  He 
married  Mary  Grant,  and  had,  with  other  issue — 

«1.  Alexander,  who  lived  in  Kingussie,  where  he 
died  in  1892.  He  married  Helen,  daughter  of 
Duncan  Macrae,1  with  issue  ;  (1)  The  Rev.  Duncan, 
M.A.  of  Edinburgh,  Free  Church,  Laggan,  married, 
in  1893,  Isabella,  daughter  of  Donald  Macpherson, 
Factor  of  the  Island  of  Eigg,  by  his  wife,  Mary, 
daughter  of  Farquhar  Macrae  of  Camusfunaiy,  with 
issue,  Norman;  (2)  Mary,  died  young;  (3)  Rod- 
erick, M.A.  of  Aberdeen,  now  Headmaster  of  the 
Public  School,  Kingussie,  married  Flora,  eldest 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Neil  Dewar,  Free  Church, 
Kingussie  ;  (4)  John  ;  (5)  Jane  ;  (6)  Helen  ;  (7) 
Kenneth,  M.A.  of  Aberdeen  ;  (8)  Mary  Anne  ;  (9) 

XL  CHRISTOPHER,  son  of  Farquhar,  was  a 
farmer  at  Can*.  He  married  Isabel  Macrae,  with 
issue — 

1.  William,  lived  at  Carr.       He  married  Anna- 

ISome  time  during  the  last  century  two  brothers  of  the  name  Macrae 
migrated  from  Kintail  to  Badenoch,  where  their  descendents,  who  were  men 
of  good  position,  were  known  as  Na  Talich  (the  Kintail  Men).  From  one  of 
these  brothers  is  descended  the  Rev.  Alexander  Macrae,  Minister  of  the 
Scottish  Church,  Crown  Court,  London.  From  the  other  brother  were 
descended,  in.  the  second  or  third  generation— (1)  the  above-mentioned  Duncan, 
who,  in  addition  to  his  daughter,  Helen,  had  two  sons  :  (a)  John,  S.S.C., 
Procurator-Fiscal  of  Kirkwall,  who  died  a  comparatively  young  man,  in  1890, 
leaving  a  widow  and  family,  one  of  whom,  Robert,  is  in  the  Indian  Civil 
Service  ;  aDd  (6)  Kenneth,  now  living  in  London.  (2)  Kenneth,  who  had  a  son. 
John,  a  Doctor  of  Medicine,  for  many  years  Medical  Officer  of  the  Parish  of 
Laggan,  and  now  living  with  his  family  in  Edinburgh. 


bel,  daughter  of  Murdoch  Macrae,  Achnagart,  and 
died  in  July,  1879,  leaving  issue — 

a.  Alexander,  went  to  South  America  ;  b,  Mary ; 

c,  Donald ; 

d.  Isabel,  married  Murdoch  Macrae  at  Camns- 
lunie,  with  issue — William  ;  Elizabeth  ;  Alexander  ; 
Donald  ; 

e.  Christopher ; 

/  Murdoch,  now  living  at  Seabank,  in  Gaitloch. 

2.  Christopher,  a  farmer  at  Carr,  died  in  1895. 
He  left  a  son,  Alexander. 

3.  FlNLAY,  a  farmer  a  Carr.  He  married  Mary, 
daughter  of  Donald  Macrae,  with  issue — a,  Mary  ; 
b,  Kenneth  ;  c,  Christopher  ;  d,  Isabel  ;  e,  Jessie  ; 
f,  Donald. 

4.  Christina,  married  Donald  Macrae  at  Ar- 
delve,  as  already  mentioned.1 

5.  Catherine,  married  Farquhar  Macrae,  Camus- 
funary,  with  issue,  of  whom  hereafter. 

6.  Janet,  married  Donald  Macrae,  Inverness, 
without  issue. 

7.  Mary,  married  Christopher  Macrae,  Durinish, 
with  issue — a,  Alexander  ;  b,  John  ;  c,  Christopher  ; 

d,  Mary  ;  e,  Isabel ;  /,  Janet. 



V.  Farquhar,  son  of  Constable  Christopher  Macrae  of  Ellandonan 
Castle. — Progenitor  of  the  Black  Macraes. — Fearachar  Mac  Ian 
Oig. — The  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  of  Lochalsh. — Tradition  about 
Ancestry  of  Governor  James  Macrae  of  Madras. — Domhnull  Og. 
— High-handed  proceedings  of  Garrison  placed  in  Ellandonan  by 
the  Parliament  after  the  Execution  of  Charles  I. — Fight 
between  the  Garrison  and  the  Kintail  men. — Domhnull  Og's 
Descendants. — Donnacha  Mor  Mac  Alister  killed  at  Sheriff- 
muir. — Maurice  of  Achyuran. — His  Marriage  and  Descendants. 
— The  Rev.  John  Macrae  of  Knockbain. — Eonachan  Dubh 
and  his  Descendants. — Domhnull  Mac  Alister,  Progenitor  of 
the  Torlysich  Family. — Killed  at  Sheriftmuir. — His  Marriage 
and  Descendants. 

V.  FARQUHAR,  son  of  Christopher,1  who  was 
fourth  in  descent  from  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gille- 
chriosd,  and  was  Constable  of  Ellandonan  Castle  in 
the  time  of  John  of  Killiu,  ninth  Baron  of  Kintail, 
was  progenitor  of  the  branch  of  the  clan  which  was 
known  as  Clan  'ic  Rath  Dhubh  (the  Black  Macraes). 
He  married  and  had  issue — 

1.  Donald,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Maurice,  who  left  issue. 

3.  Christopher,  whose  descendants  appear  to 
have  been  well  known  in  Kintail  about  the  end  of 
the  seventeenth  century,   and  of  whom   the  Rev. 

l  Page  24, 


John  Macrae  of  Dingwall  says,  in  his  manuscript 
history  of  the  clan,  that  others  in  Kintail  could  give 
a  more  satisfactory  account  than  he  could. 

VI.  DONALD,  eldest  son  of  Farquhar,  married 
a  daughter  of  Alexander  Bain  of  Inchvanie,  and  by 
her  had  five  sons,  who  are  spoken  of  as  "  all  hold, 
pretty,  forward  men." 

1.  Alexander,  mentioned  as  "an  understanding 
active  man."  For  some  time  he  was  "  principal 
officer "  or  Chamberlain  of  Kintail,  "  a  desirable 
and  lucrative  post."  It  is  said  that  Sir  Kenneth 
Mackenzie,  first  Baronet  of  Coul,  was  fostered  and 
brought  up  in  his  house,  and  that  this  led  to  "  a 
friendship  'twixt  the  family  of  Coul  and  the 
Macras."  Alexander  left  no  lawful  son,  but  he  had 
two  illegitimate  sons — John,  who  lived  and  died  at 
Leault  in  Kintail,  leaving  numerous  issue  ;  and 
Murdoch,  who  lived  and  died  with  Sir  Kenneth 
Mackenzie  at  Coul. 

2.  John,  called  Ian  Og,  married,  and  had  issue — 

a.  Alexander,  who  had  issue  : 

«1.  John,  who  had  a  son,  John,  who  lived  at 

«2.  Duncan,  who  had  several  sons,  one  of  whom, 
John,  was  a  gunsmith  in  Kintail. 

aZ.  Alexander,  who  left  issue. 

b.  Duncan,  who  was  killed  in  the  Battle  of 
Auldearn  in  1645,  leaving  issue,  one  son,  Chris- 
topher, who  was  for  some  time  principal  officer  of 
Kintail,  and  left  issue. 

c  Farquhar,  called  Fearachar  Mac  Ian  Oig, 
whose  name  figures  prominently  in  the  traditions  of 


Kintail.  It  is  said  that  on  one  occasion,  while 
Farquhar  was  out  hunting,  the  ground  officer  or 
bailiff  of  Kintail  entered  his  house,  and  seized  some 
of  his  chattels  in  payment  of  certain  dues,  which  the 
bailiff  was  endeavouring  to  levy  on  his  own  account, 
and  which  Farquhar  strenuously  opposed.  When  he 
returned  home  his  wife  tauntingly  informed  him  of 
what  had  happened,  and  he,  giving  way  to  the 
impulse  of  the  moment,  immediately  set  out  in  pursuit 
of  the  bailiff,  whom  he  soon  overtook  and  killed. 
For  this  deed  of  blood  he  was  obliged  to  flee  the 
country,  but  he  soon  returned,  and  for  seven  years 
concealed  himself  among  the  hills  of  Kintail.  At  the 
end  of  that  time  he  made  peace  with  the  bailiff's 
friends,  and  paid  them  a  ransom.  He  was  now  able 
once  more  to  appear  in  public  among  his  friends  and 
his  countrymen,  who  welcomed  him  back  with  great 
delight.  The  chief  of  Kintail,  perhaps  Colin,  first 
Earl  of  Seaforth,  refused,  however,  to  allow  Farquhar 
to  come  into  his  presence,  but  during  a  rebellion  in 
the  Lews,  of  which  there  were  more  than  one  at  this 
time,  Farquhar  joined  the  expedition  sent  there, 
unrecognised,  and,  being  a  man  of  great  valour,  he 
conducted  himself  in  a  manner  which  led  to  a  com- 
plete reconciliation  between  himself  and  his  chief. 
Farquhar  possessed  considerable  poetic  talent,  and  is 
said  to  have  composed  several  songs  during  his  exile.1 
Whatever  truth  there  may  or  may  not  be  in  this 
tradition  of  Farquhar's  exile,  we  know  that  during 
the  chieftainship  of  Colin,  first  Earl  of  Seaforth,  who 
lived  in  far  greater  state  than  any  of  his  predecessors, 

1  Appendix  J, 



the    people    of    Kintail   suffered    greatly    from    the 
excessive  rents  which   were  then  levied  upon  them, 
and  as  Farquhar  Mac  Ian  Oig  is  specially  mentioned 
as  one  of  those   who  suffered   from  the  exorbitant 
raising  of  rent,  it  is  quite  possible  he  may  have  been 
a  leader  of  resistance  and  opposition  to  the  exactions 
of  the  chief  and  his  officials,   and   may   have   been 
obliged  in  consequence  to  spend  part  of  his  life  as  an 
outlaw.     The  Rev.  John  Macrae  of  Dingwall,  in  his 
Manuscript  History  of  the.  Mackenzies,  explains,  as 
an   instance  of  the   "grievous   imposition"   of  Earl 
Colin's  time,  how  the  yearly  rent  of  the  tack  of  land 
called    Muchd    in    Letterfearn,   which   was  held   by 
Farquhar  Mac  Ian  ( >ig,  was  in  a  short  time  raised 
from  sixty  merks  Scots  to  two  hundred  and  eighty. 
It  appears  that  while  this  process  of  rent-raising  was 
gointr    on,    Farquhar    left    Muchd    and    moved    to 
Achyark.       At  all  events  tradition  says  it  was  at 
Achyark  he  was  living  when  the  bailiff  seized  his 
property.       In  the  poem  ascribed   to   Farquhar,  as 
mentioned     above,     he     calls     his     wife     Nighean 
Dhonnachidh  (Duncan's  daughter),   and  by  her  he 
had,  with  other  issue,  a  son. 

cl.  The  Rev.  Donald  of  Lochalsh,  who  was 
educated  at  Aberdeen,  where  he  graduated  M.A.  in 
1G53.  He  was  minister  of  Lochalsh  before  the  11th 
August,  16G3,  and  was  still  there  on  the  12th  April, 
1G88.  He  is  said  to  have  lived  until  1710.  He 
married  Annabel,  daughter  of  William  Mackenzie  of 
Shieldaig,  and  by  her  had  issue:— Mr  John;  Donald; 
Duncan  ;  Farquhar  ;  Maurice  ;  and  Christopher. 

d.   John,   called    Ian   Duhh   Mac   Ian   Oig,   who 


went  to  Greenock,  and  was,  according  to  a  Kintail 
tradition,1  the  grandfather  of  Governor  James  Mac- 
rae of  Madras,  of  whom  hereafter. 

3.  Donald,  mentioned  below. 

4.  Duncan,  left  a  daughter  but  no  male  issue. 
"  He  was  a  pretty  man  and  lived  to  a  great  age." 

5.  Finlay,  left  issue,  and  his  descendants  were 
numerous  in  Kintail  and  Lochalsh. 

VII.  DONALD,  son  of  Donald  VI.,  had  five 
sons,  "  all  pretty  men,  who  outlived  their  father.'"2 

1.  John,  was  "  bred  a  scholar,"  but  does  not  ap- 
pear to  have  profited  much  by  his  learning,  as  he 
became  one  of  Earl  Colin's  menial  servants.  He  had 
a  son  called  John,  who  married  and  had  issue. 

2.  Christopher,  mentioned  below. 

3.  Duncan,  who  was  eighth  in  descent  from 
Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd,  married  and  had 
issue  at  least  three  sons — John,  who  is  described  as 
"a  great  natural  orator,"  and  was  accidentally  killed 
in  Strathconon  in  1698  ;  Ronald  ;  and 

(IX.)  Farquhar,3  who  left  a  son. 
(X.)  Christopher,  who  is  said  to  have  married 
a  Maclennan,  with  issue — 

1  Tradition  communicated  to  the  author  by  Mr  Alexander  Matheson, 
shipowner,  Dornie,  in  1897. 

2  It  is  interesting  to  note  how  frequently  the  Clan  historian  refers  to  the 
good  looks  and  handsome  personal  appearance  of  the  different  members  of  this 
branch  of  the  Clan,  who  were  his  own  contemporaries,  and  with  whom  he  was 
perhaps  personally  acquainted  This  is  a  characteristic  which  some  members 
of  this  branch  of  the  Macraes  are  said  to  have  retained  until  the  present  time. 

3  The  Rev.  John  Macrae's  account  of  this  family  terminates  with  Farquhar 
(IX.)  The  continuation  of  the  genealogy  here  given  was  communicated  in 
outline  to  the  author  in  August,  1896,  by  Councillor  Alexander  Macrae, 


(1).  Farquhar,  of  whom  below. 

(2).  Christina,  who  married  Donald  Macrae, 
a  fanner  at  Inverinate,  and  had,  with  other 
issue — 

(a).  Duncan,  commonly  called  Donnacha  Seal- 
gair  (Duncan  the  Hunter),  who  married  and  had 

(h).  Alexander,  who  was  Quarter-Master  Ser- 
geant in  the  Seventy-Eighth  Highlanders.  He 
served  with  his  regiment  in  India,  and  took  part  in 
the  Battle  of  Assaye  on  the  2?,rd  of  September,  1803, 
and  several  other  engagements.  He  was  also  present 
at  the  capture  of  Java  in  1811,  and  retired  from 
active  service  in  1815,  "after  twenty-five  years 
of  faithful,  zealous,  and  gallant  good  conduct,"1  On 
the  occasion  of  his  retirement  he  was  presented  by 
his  regiment  with  a  valuable  gold  watch,  in  recogni- 
tion "of  his  long  and  faithful  services  to  his  good 
King  and  country."  Sergeant  Macrae  afterwards 
lived  at  Kirkton,  Lochalsh,  where  he  died  at  the  age 
of  eighty-four,  on  the  16th  of  June,  1855,  and  was 
buried  in  Kirkton  Churchyard.  He  married  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  of  Alexander  Mackenzie,2  fifth  laird 
of  Cleanwaters,  by  whom  he  had  issue— 

i  Letter  from  Lieuteuant-Colonel  D.  Forbes,  Commanding  1st  Battalion 
78th  Highlanders,  dated  Java,  1st  March,  1815. 

2 Cleanwaters  was  formerly  the  name  of  a  small  estate  on  the  south  side 
of  Dingwall.  The  above-mentioned  Alexander  was  a  sou  of  Alexander,  fourth 
of  Cleanwaters,  son  of  Charles,  son  of  John,  son  of  Colin,  second  laird  of 
Kilcoy,  son  of  Alexander,  first  laird  of  Kilcoy,  younger  son  of  Colin,  eleventh 
baron  of  Kintail,  son  of  Kenneth,  tenth  baron  of  Kintail,  by  his  wife  the  Lady 
Elizabeth  Stewart  of  Athole,  for  whose  descent  from  the  Royal  families  ot 
England  and  Scotland  see  Appendix  F.  For  some  account  of  the 
of  Cleanwaters  see  Mackenzie's  History  of  the  Mackenzies,  new  edit.on,  page  M. 


(hi.)  Alexander,  who  married  Jane  Macdonald, 
and  died  in  Australia,  leaving  issue. 

(b2.)  Donald,  who  died  at  Inverness  in  1891,  un- 

(63.)  Jessie  married  Robert  Forbes,  with  issue. 

(64.)  David,  in  Australia. 

(65.)  Christina  married  Alexander  Macintosh, 
with  issue — (l)  John  died  unmarried  in  Dingwall  in 
1896  ;  (2)  Elizabeth  married  Thomas  Nicol,  a  well- 
known  citizen  and  Magistrate  of  Dingwall,  and  has 
issue  ;  (3)  Margaret  married  John  Macrae,  a  soli- 
citor and  Magistrate  of  Dingwall,  with  issue ;  (4) 
Annie  ;  (5)  Alexander  ;  (6)  Mary  ;  (7)  Donald,  who 
was  in  the  Seaforth  Highlanders,  and  was  killed  in 
India  ;  (8)  Robert  ;  (9)  Charles  ;  (10)  David. 

(66.)  Charles,  a  supervisor  of  Inland  Revenue, 
died  at  Rothesay  on  the  16th  of  September,  1885, 
aged  fifty-four  years,  and  was  buried  in  Rothesay 
Cemetery.  He  was  twice  married.  By  his  first 
wife  he  left  a  daughter,  and  by  his  second  wife  two 
sons  and  five  daughters. 

(XL)  Farquhar  lived  at  Inchcro.  He  married 
Margaret  (?),  sister  of  Alexander  Macrae  of  the 
Merchant  Service,  commonly  called  the  Captain 
Dubh  (the  Black  Captain),  and  by  her  had 
issue — 

(XII.)  Christopher,  who  lived  at  Fadoch, 
married  Isabella  Macrae.  He  was  drowned  in  one 
of  the  rivers  of  Kintail,  and  left  issue. 

(1).  Duncan,  who  died  at  Glenose,  in  Skye,  on 
the  19th  August,  1877,  aged  seventy-two  years. 
He  married  Margaret  Maclennan,  with  issue — 


(a).  Alexander  in  Australia. 

(6).  Christopher,  also  in  Australia. 

(c).  Jessie  Hannah. 

(2).  Alexander,  who  married  Flora,  daughter 
of  Duncan  Macrae  (the  above-mentioned  Donnacha 
Sealgair),  and  had  issue — 

(a).  Alexander,  living  at  Inverinate,  and  now 
the  County  Councillor  for  the  Parish  of  Kintail.  He 
married  Anne  Maclennan,  and  has  issue  : — Mary  ; 
Alexander  ;  Donald  ;  Farquhar  ;  Duncan  ;  Flora. 

(b).  Donald  married  Mary  Anne  Macrae,  with 
issue  :  —  Anne  ;  Farquhar  ;  Duncan  ;  Alexander  ; 
Duncan  ;  Alexander  ;  Flora. 

(c).  Isabella. 

(3).  John  died  in  Australia  in  1888,  married 
with  issue. 

(4).  James,  who  was  commonly  known  as  Seumas 
Ban  (James  the  Fair).  He  was  the  author  of  several 
Gaelic  songs1  which  are  well  known  in  Lochalsh  and 
Kintail.  He  lived  for  many  years  at  Ardroil,  in 
Lews,  where  he  was  the  neighbour  and  friend  of  the 
Rev.  John  Macrae,  some  time  of  Carloway,  Lews, 
and  formerly  of  Knockbain.  James  died  at  New 
Kelso,  Lochcarron,  on  the  16th  January,  1888,  aged 
seventy-five  years,  and  was  buried  in  Lochcarron 
Churchyard.  He  married  Flora,  daughter  of 
Duncan  Mackenzie,  by  his  wife  Christina,  daughter 
of  John  Macrae,2  and  by  her,  who  died  at  Hemel 

1  Appendix  J. 

2  This  John  Macrae,  commonly  known  as  Ian  Mac  a  Gobha— John  the  Son 
of  the  Smith— was  the  man  who  brought  Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh's  poems  and 
songs  from  America  (page  83).  He  died  at  Carndu,  Dornic,  in  1839,  aged 
ninety-three  years.     See  also  Appendix  J. 

194         THE    HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

Hempstead,  Hertfordshire,  on  the  18th  of  March, 
1895,  and  was  buried  in  Lochcarron,  had  issue — 

(a).  John,  who  is  also  a  Gaelic  poet1  of  consider- 
able talent,  now  living  at  Timsgarry  in  Lews.  He 
married  Elizabeth  Fraser,  with  issue — John  Fraser  ; 
Duncan  ;  James  ;  Isabel  Anne  ;  Alexander. 

(b).  Isabella  manned  Kenneth  Murchison,  Loch- 
carron, with  issue — Margaret  ;  Roderick  Impey  ; 
James  Alexander  ;  Flora  ;  Christina  ;  Isabella  ; 
Finlay  ;  Kenneth  ;  Barbara. 

(c).  Flora. 

(d).  Christina,  whose  name  was  included  in  the 
Women's  Roll  of  Honour  for  the  Victorian  Era  in 
the  Earl's  Court  Exhibition  of  1897,  for  having  been 
the  means  of  saving  the  crew  of  a  Danish  ship — the 
Grana — which  was  wrecked  on  the  coast  of  Lews  on 
the  21st  of  October,  1896.  For  her  conduct  on  that 
occasion  the  Danish  Government  presented  her, 
through  the  Prime  Minister,  Lord  Salisbury,  with  a 
marble  clock,  bearing  a  suitable  inscription.2  Chris- 
tina is  married  to  Donald  Mackay,  Mangersta,  Lews, 
and  has  issue  —  Flora  Helen  ;  Andrina  ;  John  ; 
Jemima  ;  Farquhar  Alexander. 

(e).  Barbara. 

(f).  Farquhar,  a  graduate  of  Aberdeen  Univer- 
sity, now  a  Medical  Practitioner  in  London. 

(g).  Alexander  Mackenzie,  now  a  student  at  the 
Presbyterian  College,  London. 

4.  Donald,  called   Dahitar  or  Dyer,  so  called 

1  Appendix  J. 

2  An  account  of  the  heroic  conduct  of  Mrs  Mackay  on  this  occasion,  together 
with  a  portrait  of  herself,  appeared  in  The  Strand  Magazine,  December,  1897. 


because  he  was  taught  the  trade  of  dyeing,  though 
he  never  followed  it.     He  left  sons  and  daughters. 

5.  Donald,  who  was  eighth  in  descent  from 
Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd,  being  the  second 
member  of  the  family  who  bore  this  name,  was  called 
Donald  Og.  He  greatly  distinguished  himself  in  a 
skirmish  which  took  place  in  1650  between  the  men 
of  Kintail  and  a  garrison  which  had  been  placed  in 
Ellandonan  Castle  by  the  Scottish  Parliament  after 
the  execution  of  Charles  I.,  with  whose  cause  George 
Earl  of  Seaforth,  after  much  wavering,  finally  cast  in 
his  lot.  The  garrison  treated  the  people  with  great 
insolence,  and  among  other  things,  as  the  autumn 
drew  to  a  close,  they  insisted  that  the  people  should 
furnish  them  with  a  sufficient  store  of  fuel  for  the 
winter.  Accordingly,  a  party  of  soldiers,  under  a 
certain  John  Campbell  and  a  Sergeant  of  the  name 
Blythman,  proceeded  to  the  residence  of  the  Cham- 
berlain at  Inverinate  in  order  to  enforce  their 
commands.  The  soldiers  were  met  by  a  small  party 
of  ten  men,  probably  a  deputation  appointed  to 
remonstrate  against  this  new  imposition.  The  re- 
monstrance soon  gave  place  to  high  words,  and  the 
officer  in  command  ordered  the  soldiers  to  fire.  This 
the  soldiers  did,  but  without  doing  the  men  any 
injury.  The  Kintail  men,  however,  had  old  scores  to 
settle,  especially  against  John  Campbell,  who,  it 
seems,  had  on  a  former  occasion  attacked  and 
wounded  some  people  at  Little  Inverinate,  so  they 
immediately  drew  their  swords,  fell  upon  the  soldiers, 
killed  several  of  them,  including  John  Campbell  and 
Sergeant    Blythman,  and    put    the    rest    to    flight. 


Donald  Og,  who  was  evidently  the  leader  of  the 
Kintail  men,  singled  out  Campbell  for  attack,  and  with 
one  fierce  stroke  of  his  sword,  "cut  off  his  head,  neck, 
right  arm,  and  shoulder  from  the  rest  of  his  body." 
The  place  where  this  occurred  was  long  known  as 
Campbell's  Croft.  Sergeant  Blythmanwaskilled while 
attempting  to  cross  a  stream  of  water  between  Little 
Inverinate  and  Meikle  Inverinate,  at  a  spot  which 
was  afterwards  called  Blythman's  Ford.  Thus  the 
ten  Kintail  men,  without  losing  any  of  their  own 
number,  fought  against  the  thirty  soldiers,  and  put 
them  to  flight.  After  this  the  garrison  made  no 
further  demand  for  fuel,  nor  did  they  make  any 
effort  to  avenge  their  defeat.  On  the  contrary, 
they  felt  so  uneasy  and  so  much  afraid  of  the  men  of 
Kintail  that  shortly  afterwards  they  left  the  country, 
and  no  further  notice  was  ever  taken  of  the  matter. 
Donald  Og  left  issue,1  Duncan,  and 

(ix.)  Alexander,  who  had  a  son. 

(x.)  Duncan,  called  Donnacha  Breac,  who  had 
a  son. 

(xi.)  John,  who  had  a  son. 

(xii.)  John,  who  had  a  son. 

(xiii.)  Kenneth,  who  had  a  son. 

(xiv.)  Alexander,  who  lived  in  Lochcarron, 
and  married  Anne  Macrae,  with  issue. 

(l).  Alexander,  who  married,  and  had  issue. 

(2).  Donald,   who  married  Helen,  daughter  of 

1  The  succession  of  Donald  Og,  as  here  given,  was  communicated  to  the 
author  in  1897,  in  Kintail,  by  two  independent  genealogists,  whose  statements 
were  in  entire  agreement,  and  were  further  confirmed  by  some  family  notes 
in  the  possession  of  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  of  Lairg. 


Joseph  Riddoch  of  Skeith,near  Cullen.and  afterwards 
of  Fowlwood,  Grange,  and  died  in  1889,  leaving  issue. 
(a).  Joseph   Riddoch,  born  on  the  4th  of  July, 
1855,  and  died  on  the  27th  of  August,  1874. 

(b).  Anne,  married  Hugh  Stewart,  who  died  in 
1889,  leaving  issue— Jane  ;  John  ;  Nelly,  who  died  in 

(c).  The  Rev.  Donald,  horn  on  the  10th  of  January, 
1864,  M.A.  of  St  Andrews,  B.D.  of  Aberdeen, 
Minister  of  the  Parish  of  Lairg  in  Sutherlandshire, 
to  which  he  was  ordained  in  1890.  He  married  on 
the  15th  of  .January,  1891,  Anne,  daughter  of  "William 
Stephen  of  Culrain  House,  and  has  issue  : — 

(cl).  Donald  Alastair,  born  on  the  26th  ot 
October,  1891. 

(c2).  Ronald  Stephen  Bruce,  born  on  the  15th 
March,  1893. 

(c3).  Colin  Frederick,  born  on  the  19th  of  Feb- 
ruary, 1895. 

(c4).  Charles  Eric,  born  on  the  16th  of  February, 

(d).  Alexander,  born  on  the  18th  September, 
1866,  married  Marie  Don,  and  is  now  living  in  East 
Liverpool,  Ohio,  in  the  United  States. 

(e).  Helen. 

(3).  Kenneth,  in  Kansas  in  the  United  States, 
married,  with  issue. 

(4).  Flora  married  John  Macdonald,  in  Skye, 
with  issue. 

VIII.  CHRISTOPHER,  son  of  Donald  VII.,  is 
said  to  have  been  "  a  prudent  and  facetious  man." 
He  married  and  left  a  son. 


IX.  ALEXANDER,  who  lived  about  the  time 
of  the  Revolution  of  1688.  He  married  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Macdouald,  of  the  Glengarry 
family,  by  whom  he  had  six  sons,  "  all  pretty  men." 

1.  Donald,  who  was  killed  at  the  Battle  of 
Sheriffmuir,  and  of  whom  hereafter. 

2.  Duncan,  who  was  called  Donnachadh  Mor  or 
Donnachadh  Mac  Alister.  He  was  noted  for  his 
prowess  and  strength,  and  was  killed  at  the  Battle 
of  Sheriffmuir.  It  is  said  that  as  the  Kintail  men 
were  passing  through  Glensheil,  under  the  leader- 
ship of  Duncan,  to  join  the  Jacobite  Rising  which 
ended  in  that  battle,  they  came  upon  six  men  who 
were  struggling  to  place  a  large  stone  in  a  wall  they 
were  building.  Duncan  told  the  men  to  stand 
aside,  and,  seizing  hold  of  the  stone,  lifted  it  up 
and  placed  it  in  the  desired  position,  and  at  the 
same  time  expressed  a  fervent  hope  that  the  Mac- 
raes would  never  be  without  a  man  who  could  lift 
that  stone  as  he  had  done.  This  stone  is  still 
pointed  out  at  Achnagart.  Duncan's  sword  was 
picked  up  on  Sheriffmuir  after  the  battle,  and  was 
exhibited  for  many  years  in  The  Tower  of  London  as 
"  the  great  Highlander's  sword."  There  are  men 
still  alive  who  remember  seeing  this  sword  in  The 
Tower.  It  is  not  there  now,  however,  and  what  has 
become  of  it  is  no  longer  known,  though  the  proba- 
bility is  that  it  may  have  been  lost  in  the  fire  by 
which  The  Tower  Armoury  was  destroyed  in  1841. 
In  the  time  of  William  Earl  of  Seaforth,  Duncan 
was  Captain  of  the  Freiceadan  or  Guard,  whose  duty 
it  was  to  protect  the  marches  of  the  Seaforth  estates 


from  the  plundering  raids  of  the  Lochaber  cattle- 
lifters,  and  many  are  the  traditions  of  his  adventures 
and  feats  of  arms  against  the  Fir  Chaola  (the  thin 
or  lean  men),  as  the  Lochaber  marauders  were 
usually  called  in  Kintail.1  Duncan  was  also  a  poet, 
but  it  has  been  found  impossible  so  far  to  recover 
any  more  than  the  merest  fragments  of  his  produc- 
tions.'2    He  was  married,  and  left  issue. 

3.  Maurice,  son  of  Alexander,  was  tenth  in 
descent  from  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd.  He 
lived  at  Achyuran,  in  Glensheil,  and  is  said  to  have 
married  Christina,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae, 
Camusluinie,  with  issue  at  least  two  sons,  Alexander 
and  Duncan. 

(xi.)  Alexander,  son  of  Maurice,  was  called 
Alister  Ruadh  (red-haired  Alexander),  and  was 
ground  officer  of  Kintail.  It  is  said  that  while  at 
school  at  Fortrose  he  married  a  Margaret  Fraser  of 
Belladrum,  by  whom  he  had  one  daughter,  who 
married  Duncan  Macrae,  Achnashellach.  Alexander 
married,  secondly,  a  daughter  of  John  Macrae, 
Inversheil,  with  issue  : — 

(1).  Donald,  called  Domhnull  Ruadh,  who  was 
a  farmer  at  Achnagart,  and  in  1794  moved  to  Ard- 
elve,  in  Lochalsh,  where  he  lived  for  nineteen  years. 
In  1813  he  moved  to  Morvich,  in  Kintail,  where  he 
died  the  same  year.  He  married  Anne,  daughter  of 
Christopher  Macrae  of  Drudaig,3  and  by  her  had  a 
large  family,  of  whom  at  least  four  sons  reached 
manhood,    and    there    was    a    daughter   alive   and 

1  See  chapter  on  the  legends  and  traditions  of  the  clan. 
2  Appendix  J.  3  Page  164. 


unmarried  in  1830.  The  four  sons  had  the  farm  of 
Immer,  in  Lochcarron,  between  them  for  some  time, 
and  they  were  there  as  late  as  1823. 

(«).  Alexander  is  mentioned  as  the  eldest  of 
Donald  Roy's  sons  in  a  letter  written  by  himself  to 
the  Honourable  Miss  Mackenzie  of  Seaforth,  on  the 
22nd  May,  1830.  He  married  Isabella  Crichton, 
who  was  descended  from  a  Covenanting  family,  and 
had  issue  :  —  Marion,  Donald,  William  Crichton, 
Alexander,  John,  Farquhar. 

(b).  Christopher  married  and  left  a  son,  Donald, 
who  is  now  living  at  Bundalloch,  in  Kintail,  and  is 
married  with  issue. 

(c).   Farquhar. 

(d).  The  Rev.  John,  some  time  of  Knockbain, 
and  better  known  in  the  Highlands  as  Macrath  Mor 
a  Chnuicbhain  (the  great  Macrae  of  Knockbain), 
said  to  have  been  the  youngest  of  the  sons,  was 
born  either  at  Achnagart  or  at  Ardelve  in  May, 
1794.  In  his  youth  he  was  noted  not  only  for 
physical  strength  but  also  for  his  mental  capacity 
and  intelligence,  and  numerous  anecdotes  about  his 
great  personal  strength  and  courage  are  still  floating 
about  the  Highlands.  While  living  at  Immer  with 
his  brothers  he  made  the  acquaintance  of  the  Rev. 
Lachlan  Mackenzie,  of  Lochcarron,  who  is  said  to 
have  formed  a  high  opinion  both  of  his  character 
and  of  his  abilities.  After  leaving  Immer  he 
received  a  share  in  the  farm  of  Ratagan,  on  the 
south  side  of  Lochduich,  and  while  there  he  acted 
for  some  time  as  superintendent  of  the  workmen 
who  were  engaged  on  the  construction  of  the  road 


leading  from  Kintail  across  Mam  Ratagan  to 
Glenelg  and  Kyle  Rhea.  He  afterwards  held  an 
appointment  as  teacher  in  a  school  at  Arnisdale,  in 
Glenelg,  where  he  hecame  a  centre  of  much  influence 
for  good.  Upon  deciding  to  enter  the  Church  lie 
succeeded  in  obtaining  a  bursary  for  Mathematics  at 
Aberdeen  University.  In  this  subject  he  took  a 
high  position  during  his  course,  but  failed  to  make 
a  good  appearance  in  Latin  and  Greek,  having 
commenced  the  study  of  those  languages  too  late  in 
life  to  be  able  to  acquire  the  familiarity  which  is 
necessary  for  a  complete  mastery  of  their  construc- 
tion and  idiom.  He  was,  however,  a  very  proficient 
student  of  Hebrew.  On  completing  his  college 
course  and  obtaining  licence,  he  acted  for  some  time 
as  assistant  to  the  Rev.  James  Russell,  of  Gairloch. 
He  became  minister  of  Cross,  in  Lews,  in  1833. 
Here  he  continued  until  1839,  when  he  became 
minister  of  the  parish  of  Knockbain,  in  the  Black 
Isle.1  The  great  controversy  which  led  to  the 
Disruption  of  the  Church  of  Scotland  in  1843  was 
then  at  its  height,  and  Mr  Macrae  soon  became  one 
of  the  ablest  and  most  energetic  of  the  leaders  of 
the  popular  party  in  the  Highlands.  In  1843  he 
cast  in  his  lot  with  the  Free  Church,  and  remained 
at  Knockbain  for  some  years  longer.  In  1847,  the 
death  of  his  intimate  friend,  the  Rev.  Alexander 
Stewart,  of  Cromarty,  made  him  wish  for  a  change 
of  locality,  and  in  1849  he  accepted  the  Gaelic 
Church  at  Greenock,  where  he  continued  until  town 

l  The  Black  Isle  is  the  peninsula  lying  between  the  Beauly  and  Cromarty 
Firths,  on  the  north-east  coast  of  Scotland. 


life  and  labour  began  to  tell  so  much  on  his  health 
that  he  found  it  necessary  to  move  to  a  quieter 
scene.  Accordingly  in  1857  he  moved  to  the  parish 
of  Lochs  in  Lews,  and  then  in  1866  to  Carloway, 
also  in  Lews.  Here  he  remained  until  1871,  when 
he  retired  from  active  duty,  generously  declining  to 
accept  the  retiring  allowance  to  which  he  was 
entitled  from  the  Church.  He  died  at  Greenock  on 
the  9th  October,  1876,  leaving  behind  him  a 
memory  and  a  name  which  Gaelic-speaking  High- 
landers will  not  readily  allow  to  perish.  Mr 
Macrae's  powers  as  a  preacher  were  undoubtedly  of 
the  very  highest  order,  and  his  influence  among  the 
people  and  his  brother  clergy  was  very  great.  It 
was  said  of  him  at  the  time  of  his  death  that  no 
minister  in  the  Highlands  during  the  last  two 
hundred  years  had  made  so  great  an  impression  on 
so  large  a  number  of  people.  One  writer  says  that 
Mr  Macrae,  "  who  was  of  fine  personal  appearance, 
was  the  type  of  a  genuine  Kintail  man,  well  propor- 
tioned, beautifully  shaped  head  and  shoulders, 
herculean  limbs,  and  deep  chest,  an  excellent'  voice, 
and  an  impressive  manner.  The  effects  he  produced 
upon  his  hearers  were  such  as  no  preacher  of  the 
time  except  Dr  Chalmers  was  known  to  produce. 
In  Gaelic  his  powers  came  fully  out,  yet  in  English 
he  often  thrilled  his  hearers  as  he  did  when  he 
spoke  in  his  native  tongue.  His  preaching  was 
characterised  by  richness  of  thought,  beauty  and 
simplicity  of  illustration.  He  was  a  large-hearted 
man,  sound  in  doctrine,  liberal  in  sentiment,  and 
esteemed  by  all."     Another  writer  says  that  "His. 


appearance  as  he  presented  himself  before  a  congre- 
gation at  once  arrested  attention,  it  suggested  to  his 
hearers  the  thought  that  this  was  a  messenger 
from  God."-  The  Rev.  John  Macrae  married 
Penelope,  daughter  of  Captain  Mackenzie  of  Bayhle 
in  Lews,  and  by  her,  who  died  on  the  9th  December, 
1859,  aged  fifty-four  years,  he  had  four  sons  and 
two  daughters. 

(<l\).  John  went  to  Australia,  married. 

(d2).   Donald  went  to  New  Zealand. 

(dS).  Jane  married  the  Rev.  Donald  Macmaster 
of  Kildalton,  in  Islay,  with  issue  :— John  ;  Donald  ; 
Mary;  Hugh;  iEneas;  Alexander;  Ebenezer  ;  Jane. 

(di).  Ebenezer,  in  New  Zealand,  married,  with 
a  large  family. 

(</5).  Annie  married  the  Rev.  Alexander  Mac- 
rae of  Clachan,  in  Kintyre,  with  issue  : — John  ; 
Alexander  ;  Ebenezer  James  ;  Duncan  Graham. 

(d6).  Alexander  Stewart. 

(2).  Farquhar,  married  Finguela,  daughter  of 
Duncan  Macrae  of  the  Torlysich  family,  with  issue — 

(a).  Donald,  married  Catherine  Maclennan,  with 
issue — 

(al).   Donald. 

(a2).  Murdoch,1  now  living  at  Cairngorm,  in 
Kintail,  married  Margaret  Finlayson,  with  issue- 
Donald  ;  John  ;  Alexander  ;  Murdoch  ;  Farquhar  ; 

1  Mr  Murdoch  Macrae's  name  came  into  considerable  prominence  through- 
out the  Highlands  during  the  crofter  agitation  about  1884,  in  connection  with 
proceedings  instituted  against  him  for  damage  alleged  to  have  been  done  by  a 
pet  lamb  belonging  to  him,  in  the  deer  forest  of  Kintail,  then  leased  by  a 
wealthy  American,  the  late  Mr  W.  L.  Winans. 


(a3).  Farquhar,  now  living  at  Sallachy,  married 
Anne  Mackay. 

(«4).  Isabella. 

(b).  John  married,  and  had  issue. 

(c).   Alexander,  killed  in  Egypt. 

(d).  Farquhar  married  Catherine  Maclennan,  and 
had  issue. 

(dl).  Alexander,  who  died  at  Strome  Mor, 
Lochcarron,  on  the  28th  August,  1895,  aged  80 
years.  He  is  the  author  of  a  treatise  on  "  Deer 
Stalking,"  published  by  Blackwood  &  Sons,  Edin- 
burgh. He  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Duncan 
Macrae  of  Leachachan,  with  issue  —  Catherine  ; 
Mary  ;  Christina,  married  Alexander  Macrae,  in 
New  Zealand  ;  Duncan,  at  Strome  Mor,  Lochcarron  ; 
the  Rev.  Farquhar,  M.A.,  minister  of  the  parish  of 
Glenorchy,  in  Argyllshire;  Donald,  in  New  Zealand; 
Flora,  married  Joseph  Ramsay,  in  Glasgow  ;  Alex- 
ander, in  Western  Australia  ;  Kate  Anne  ;  Ewen. 

(d2).  Flora,  married  Duncan  Maclennan,  with 
issue — 

(d3).  Catherine  ;  (d<±).  Farquhar. 

(3).  Christina  (?),  who,  according  to  the  traditions 
of  Kintail,  married  Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh,  the  poet.1 

(4).  Anne,  who  married  Donald  Macrae,  of  the 
Torlysich  family,  and  had  issue — a  son,  Maurice,  and 

(xi.)  Duncan,  son  of  Maurice,  son  of  Alex- 
ander IX.,  married  Anne,2  daughter  of  Christopher 
Macrae  of  Drudaig  by  his  wife  Janet,  daughter 
of  Farquhar  Macrae  of  Inverinate,  son  of  Duncan 

l  Page  83.  2  Page  163. 


of  Inverinate,  son  of  Alexander  of  Inverinate  by  his 
first  wife,  Margaret  Mackenzie  of  Redcastle,1  and  by 
her  had  issue  at  least  one  son — 

(1).  Duncan,  called  Donnachadh  Og.  He  lived 
at  Carr,  and  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Duncan 
Maclennan,  Inchcro,  and  by  her  had  issue— 

(a).  Donald  lived  at  Fernaig,  and  died  2nd 
December,  1858.  He  married  Janet,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Macrae  of  Morvich,  and  by  her,  who  died 
on  the  20th  of  May,  1897,  aged  seventy-eight  years, 
had  issue — 

(al).  Peter,  late  of  Morvich. 
(a2).  Catherine,  married  Dr  Cameron. 
(«3).  Mary,  married  Roderick  Macrae. 
(c*4).  Anne,  married  Duncan  Maclennan  of  Ach- 
ederson,  in  Strathconon. 

(«5).  Jessie,  married  Dr  Duncan  Macintyre,  of 
Fort- William.  She  died  in  Edinburgh  on  the  30th 
of  January,  1898. 

(«6).  Duncan  Alexander,  late  of  Fernaig  and 
Monar,  married  Barbara  Mitchell,  with  issue — 

(b).  Farquhar,  who  was  tacksman  of  Camus- 
funary,  in  Skye,  married  Catherine,  daughter  of 
Christopher  Macrae,  Carr,  with  issue— 

(bl).  Alexander,  married  Madeline,  daughter  of 
Captain  Farquhar  Macrae  of  Inversheil,  with  issue,  a 
son,  Farquhar,  who  is  married,  with  issue  ;  and  three 

(b2).   Duncan,  died  in  America. 

(b3).  Ewen,  now  at  Fernaig,  in  Lochalsh. 

(64).  John,  also  at  Fernaig. 


(b5).  Thomas,  in  Leith. 

(66).  Donald,  in  Australia. 

(b7).  Mary,  married  Donald  Macpherson,  Eig, 
with  issue — (l)  John  ;  (2)  Catherine,  married  the 
Rev.  John  Smyth  Carroll,  M.A.,  Glasgow  ;  (3) 
Isabella,  married  the  Rev.  Duncan  Maclennan,  M.A., 
Laggan1;  (4)  Mary,  married  David  Boyd,  Aberdeen  ; 
(5)  Farquharina,  married  John  Macrae,  Portree. 

(b8).  Jane,  married  Mr  Mackintosh,  with  issue. 

(69).   Anne,      (b  10).   Catherine. 

(c).  Ewen,  died  at  Fernaig. 

(cl).  Duncan,  was  a  farmer  at  Leachachan.  He 
married  Mary,  daughter  of  Donald  Maclennan,  Con- 
chra,  and  died  on  the  15th  of  January,  1862,  aged 
sixty-four  years,  leaving  issue — 

(fZl).  Christina,  married  Alexander  Macrae.  Ach- 
lorachan,  in  Strathconon. 

(d2).  Ewen,  now  at  Borlum,  near  Fort-Augustus. 

(d3).  Anne,  married  Alexander  Macrae,  with 

(di).   Isabella,  married  Robert  Blair,  with  issue. 

(do).  Lachlan,  in  Inverness,  married,  with  issue. 

(d6).  Christina. 

(d7).  The  Rev.  Duncan,  now  minister  of  the 
parish  of  Glensheil. 

(<i8).  Donald,  a  doctor,  died  in  Bristol  in  1889. 

(e).  John,  was  tacksman  of  Braintra,  in  Lochalsh, 
where  he  died  on  the  1st  of  May,  1874,  aged  seventy- 
three  years.  He  married  Flora,  daughter  of 
Roderick  Finlayson,  Achmore,  and  by  her,  who  died 
on  the  6th  of  May,  1867,  aged  forty-five  years,  had 
issue — 

l  Page  184. 

Colonel    RODERICK    MACRAE    (Torlysich) 


(el).  Anne,  married  Murdoch  Matheson,  of  the 
Hudson  Bay  Company,  with  issue,  Flora  Catherine ; 
Joan  Alexandrina  Mary. 

(e2).  Duncan,  J.P.,  of  Ardiutoul. 

(e3).  Roderick,  M.D.  of  the  University  of  Edin- 
burgh, Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel  in  the  Indian 
Medical  Service.  He  served  in  the  Afghan  War  in 
1878-1880,  at  the  close  of  which  he  received  a 
special  staff  appointment  "  for  excellent  services  in 
the  field,"  and  now  holds  the  important  appointment 
of  Chief  Medical  Officer  of  the  District  of  Dacca, 
under  the  Bengal  Government.1 

(e4).  Ewen,  in  New  Zealand,  married  in  1891, 
Mary  Eleanor  Fantham,  with  issue — Flora  Mary ; 
Annie  Ethel  Frances  ;  Robert  Cunningham  Bruce. 

(e5).  Donald  John,  in  Assam,  married,  12th 
October,  1894,  Catherine  Isabella  Gibbs,  Daisy  Bank, 

(c6).  John  Farquhar,  M.B.  and  CM.,  Brighton, 
married,  in  1886,  Edith  Lily  Johns. 

4.  Christopher,  son  of  Alexander  IX.,  and 
tenth  in  descent  from  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gille- 
chriosd,  was  called  Gillecriosd  Glas  (Pale  Chris- 
topher).    He  married  and  left  issue — 

(xi.)  Donald,  who  is  said  to  have  married 
Marion  (?),  a  sister  of  the  poet  Ian  Mac  Mhurachidh, 
and  had  a  son. 

(xn.)  John,  called  Ian  Dubh  na  Doiraig  (Black 
John  of  Doiraig).  He  married  Catherine  Macrae, 
and  had  with  other  issue — 

'A  biographical  sketch,  with  a  portrait  of  Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel 
Macrae,  appeared  in  the  Celtic  Monthly  for  December,  1896. 


(l).  Donald,  who  was  a  farmer  in  Glengarry, 
where  he  died  in  1860. 

(2).  Alexander,  who  was  a  soldier  in  the  Seventy- 
Eighth  Highlanders. 

(3).   Duncan,  of  whom  next. 

(xiii).  Duncan,1  called  Donnacha  Ban  Brocair 
(Fair  Duncan  the  Foxhunter),  lived  for  many  years 
at  Tulloch,  near  Dingwall,  and  was  afterwards  a 
farmer  at  Kernsary,  near  Poolewe,  where  he  died  in 
November,  1851.  He  married  Margaret,  daughter 
of  John  Macrae,  farmer  and  miller  in  Lochbroom,  by 
his  wife  Catherine,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macvinish 
of  Achilty,  in  the  parish  of  Contin,  and  by  her,  who 
died  in  Dingwall  in  1859,  aged  fifty-three  years, 
had  issue — 

(1).  Catherine,  born  in  1827,  married  Charles 
Macleod,  a  Free  Church  missionary,  with  issue,  two 

(2).  Isabella,  born  in  1829.  She  married  Dun- 
can Mackenzie,  and  died  in  1891,  leaving  issue,  two 
sons  and  three  daughters. 

(3).  Duncan,  born  in  1832,  now  of  Strathgarve, 
Dalveen,  Queensland.  He  married  on  the  21st  of 
September,  1869,  Charlotte  Jane,  daughter  of 
Loudon  Hastings  Macleod,  with  issue2 — 

(«).  Margaret  Jane. 

(b).  Addie  Sophia. 

(c).  Loudon  Hastings  Duncan,  born  on  the  1st 
of  August,  1876. 

1  The  descent  of  this  Duncan  from  the  above-mentioned  Christopher,  sou  of 
Alexander  IX.,  was  communicated  to  the  author  iu  August,  1897,  by  Mr  Alex- 
ander Matheson,  shipowner,  Dornie. 

2  A  biographical  sketch,  with  a  portrait  of  Mr  Duncan  Macrae,  appeared. 
in  the  Celtic  Monthly  for  May,  1897. 


(4).  Alexander,  born  in  1834,  now  of  Brixham, 
Devonshire,  married  in  1871,  Anne  Lorrimer,  who 
died  on  the  5th  of  December,  1 897,  aged  sixty-seven 
years,  without  issue. 

(5).  Farquhar,  born  in  1836,  now  of  Killiemore, 
in  the  Island  of  Mull.  He  married,  in  1870,  Maggie, 
daughter  of  Donald  Macdougall  of  Port  Ellen  and 
Tyndrum,  in  the  Island  of  Islay,  and  by  her,  who 
died  in  1887,  aged  forty-two  years,-  had  issue — (a). 
Duncan  ;  (b).  Kate  Cameron  ;  (c).  Grace  Maclennan. 

(6).  John,  born  in  1838,  was  for  some  time  a 
farmer  at  Ardlair,  on  the  shores  of  Loch  Maree; 
He  went  to  Queensland  in  1873,  and  was  killed 
there  by  a  horse  in  1880.  He  married  and  left 
issue — («).  Duncan  ;  (b).  Ian  ;  (c).  Grace. 

(7).  Colin,  born  in  1843,  married,  in  1880,  a 
Miss  Young,  and  died  in  1892  without  issue. 

5.  Farquhar,  son  of  Alexander  IX.,  was  severely 
wounded  at  the  battle  of  Sheriftmuir,  and  brought 
home  by  his  nephew,  John,  who  is  mentioned  below. 
Next  day  as  this  John  was  going  over  the  field  of 
battle  he  found  his  father  and  his  uncle  Duncan 
among  the  slain,  and  his  uncle  Farquhar  lying 
wounded  with  a  fractured  leg.  John  tried  to  catch 
one  of  the  stray  horses  that  were  wandering  over  the 
field  in  order  to  carry  his  wounded  uncle  away,  but 
without  success.  It  is  said  that  the  wounded  man 
succeeded,  however,  by  hailing  one  of  the  horses  in 
English,  to  draw  it  near  enough  to  seize  it  by  the 
bridle,  which  he  held  until  his  nephew  came  up  to  him. 
But  the  horse,  on  hearing  the  beating  of  drums  in 
the  distance,  became  very  restive,  and  the  young  man 



had  great  difficulty  in  managing  it.  He  succeeded, 
however,  at  last  in  getting  his  uncle  mounted.  They 
then  set  out  on  the  homeward  journey,  and  never 
halted  until  they  reached  Fort- William,  where  Far- 
quhar  remained  for  three  months,  until  his  wound 
was  quite  healed.-  He  then  returned  to  Kintail, 
taking  the  horse  along  with  him.  The  horse  was 
carefully  kept  until  it  became  weak  with  age  and  at 
last  died  through  sinking  accidentally  in  a  bog. 
The  iron  shoes  it  wore  at  Sheriffmuir  were  kept  for 
many  years  in  the  Torlysich  family  as  an  heirloom, 
and  were  last  in  the  possession  of  the  late  Alexander 
Macrae  of  Morvich. 

6.  John,  who  was  known  as  Eonachan  Dubh 
(Black  little  John),  is  said  to  have  been  the  youngest 
of  the  sons  of  Alexander  IX.  He  was  tenth  in  descent 
from  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd.  He  is  said  to 
have  been  a  man  of  short  stature,  but  of  great 
strength,  and  there  are  traditions  still  preserved 
of  his  deeds  of  daring  and  prowess  against  the  Loch- 
aber  marauders,  with  whom,  in  his  time,  the  men  of 
Kintail  had  many  a  stout  contest.1  John  married, 
and  had  issue  at  least  one  son. 

(xi.)  Christopher,  who  lived  at  Malagan,  in  the 
Heights  of  Kintail,  and  in  whose  house  Prince 
Charles  passed  a  night,  or  part  of  a  night,  during 
his  wanderings  in  that  part  of  the  country  about  the 
end  of  July,  1746.  He  is  said  to  have  married 
Anne/  daughter  of  Christopher  Macrae  of  Aryugan, 
and  had  issue  at  least  one  son — 

1  See  chapter  on  the  legends  and  traditions  of  the  clan. 
-1  Page  126, 


(xii.)  Alexander,  who  married  Anne  Macrae, 
Camusluinie,  and  had  issue. 

(1).  Murdoch,  of  whom  helow. 

(2).  Christopher,  who  married  Janet  Macrae, 
with  issue. 

(a).  Isabel  married  Alexander  Macrae  at  Reraig, 
in  Lochalsh,  and  had  issue. 

(«l).  Christopher  died  in  Canada,  married,  with 

(a2).  Malcolm  died  in  Canada. 

(«3).  Christina  married  Alexander  Finlayson, 

(a4).  Duncan,  who  was  ground  officer  of  Loch- 
alsh, and  died  in  1866,  aged  fifty  years. 

(«5).  Mary,  married  James  Macrae,  Kirkton, 
Lochalsh,  without  issue. 

(a6).  Hugh,  in  the  Inland  Revenue,  died  at 
Kirkton,  Lochalsh,  in  1891.  He  was  married,  hut 
left  no  issue. 

(«7).  Agnes,  married  Murdo  Finlayson,  of  Kyle 
Inn,  Lochalsh,  with  issue  : — Catherine,  who  married 
Alexander  Maclennan,  of  whom  hereafter. 

(a8).  Roderick,  married  Mary,  daughter  of 
Donald  Macrae,  Fernaig,1  with  issue,  and  died  in 

(ad).   Flora  married  Alexander  Mackenzie,  Oban. 

(a  10).   Alexander  died  young. 

(b).  Annabella  married  Kenneth  Maclennan, 

(c).  Alexander,  who  died  at  Reraig,  Lochalsh, 
and  left  a  son. 

1  Page  205, 


(cl).  John,  living  in  Paisley,  and  married  with 
issue,  a  son,  Alexander,  and  several  daughters. 

(3).  Alexander,  married  and  had  issue  at  least 
one  son. 

«.  John,  who  married  Isabella,  daughter  of 
Farquhar  Macrae  of  Torlysich,  and  had,  with  other 
issue — 

a\.  Christopher,  who  lived  in  Glensheil,  married 
and  had  issue. 

a2.  Alexander,  who  was  a  farmer  in  Glenmoris- 
ton  from  1844  to  1868,  when  he  removed  to  another 
farm  in  Badenoch,  which  he  occupied  until  1884. 
He  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae,  Atta- 
dale,  and  died  in  Edinburgh,  leaving  issue — (l) 
John,  living  at  Islip,  New  York,  by  whom  this 
information  about  his  own  family  was  communicated 
to  the  author  in  1898.  (2)  Duncan,  living  in  North 
Wales,  married  with  issue,  a  son,  James  Alexander. 

(3)  Jane,  married  Colin  Maclennan,  Islip,  New  York. 

(4)  Catherine,  married  William  Russell,  New  York, 
(xnr.)  Murdoch,  lived  at  Sheil  House,  and  died 

at  Achnagart  on  the  17th  of  December,  1846,  aged 
eighty-six  years.  He  married  Annabella,  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  Donald  Mackintosh,  of  Gairloch,  by  his 
wife  Catherine,  daughter  of  William  Mackenzie, 
fourth  laird  of  Gruinard,1  and  by  her,  who  died  on 
the  15th  of  April,  1861,  aged  seventy-eight  years, 
had  issue — 

(l).  Catherine,  died  young. 

(2).  Alexander,  died  in  Montgomery  County, 
in  Ohio,  about  1856.     He  was  married  and  left  issue. 

1  Mackenzie's  History  of  the  Mackenzie*,  new  edition,  page  61S, 

THE    HISTORY    OP   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  2l3 

(3).  Anne,  married  Donald  Macrae,  a  merchant 
in  Jeantown,  Lochcarron. 

(4).  Donald,  of  whom  next. 

(5).  Annabella,  married  William  Macrae,  Carr, 
with  issue.1 

(6).  Alexandria,  died  unmarried  on  the  31st 
of  January,  1860,  aged  forty-two  years. 

(7).  Isabella,  died  at  Seabank,  Gairloch,  on  the 
2nd  of  November,  1896. 

(8).  Christopher,  a  wool  broker  in  Liverpool, 
died  on  the  15th  of  January,  1856,  aged  thirty-five 

(9).  Christina,  married  John  Mackenzie,  Ard- 
roil,  Lews. 

(xiv.)  Donald,  was  for  some  time  tacksman  of 
Achnagart,  and  afterwards  became  proprietor  of  the 
estate  of  Kirksheaf,  near  Tain.  He  was  a  Justice 
of  the  Peace  for  the  County  of  Ross.  He  married 
Anne  Magdalen  Gordon,  only  daughter  of  Thomas 
Stewart,  J. P.,  of  Culbo,  and  died  in  1884,  with  issue 
one  son. 

(xv.)  Christopher  Alexander  of  Kirksheaf, 
born  in  1864,  Captain  in  the  3rd  Battalion  Seaforth 
Highlanders.  He  died  at  Dover,  while  on  the  way 
to  Algiers,  on  the  20th  of  December,  1894,  and  was 
buried  in  the  St  Duthus  Cemetery,  Tain.  He 
married,  in  1888,  Helena  Margarette,  third  daughter 
of  the  late  Edward  Griffith  Richards,  J. P.,  of  Lang- 
ford  House,  Somerset,  with  issue — 

(1).  Donald  Christopher,  born  on  the  3rd  of 
March,  1889. 

l  Page  184. 


(2).  Kenneth  Matheson,  born  on  the  11th  of 
September,  1890. 

(3).  Eleanor  Marjorie,  born  on  the  2nd  of 
August,  1893. 

X.  DONALD,  son  of  Alexander  IX.,  and  his 
wife,  Margaret  Macdonald,  was  the  first  of  this 
family  who  lived  at  Torlysich.  He  married 
Rebecca  (?),  daughter  of  John  Macrae,  a  former 
occupier  of  the  lands  of  Torlysich,  called  Ian  Mac 
Ian,1  and  was  killed  at  the  Battle  of  Sheriffmuir. 
By  his  wife  Donald  had  issue — 

1.  Donald,  of  whom  below. 

2.  John,  who  as  a  young  man  was  at  the  Battle 
of  Sheriffmuir,  and  brought  his  wounded  uncle, 
Farquhar,  home,  as  already  mentioned.  John  was 
afterwards  tacksman  of  Inversheil,  and  lived  to  a 
very  advanced  age,  his  descendants  to  the  fourth 
generation  being  at  his  funeral  in  Kilduich.  He 
married  Anne  Macrae,  and  had  issue  at  least  four 
sons — 

a.  Alexander,  who  married  Marion,  probably  a 
sister  of  Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh  the  poet,  and  lived 
at  Achyuran.      He  had  a  son. 

«1.  Duncan,  who  had  two  sons,  Duncan  and 

b.  Donald,  called  Domhnull  Buidh  (yellow-haired 
Donald),  who  married  and  had  issue  : — 

1  Ian  Mac  Ian  of  Torlysich  was  the  Chief  of  the  Claun  Ian  Charrich  Mac- 
raes (see  pages  22-23).  He  is  said  to  have  been  killed  in  a  fight  between  the 
Kintail  men  and  the  Lochaber  cattle  lifters,  at  a  place  called  Carndhottuin, 
between  Glenrnoriston  and  Glengarry.  His  body  was  brought  back  to  Kintail 
for  burial,  and  Donald  married  his  daughter  and  took  possession  of  Torlysich. 


bl,  John,  who  married  Isahella,  daughter  of 
Farquhar  Macrae  of  Shell  Inn,  and  went  to  Canada. 

b'2.  Donald,  who  married  and  went  with  Ins 
family  to  Australia. 

b3.   Duncan. 

c.  Christopher,  was  a  fanner  at  Achnagart,  and 
married  a  daughter  of  John,  son  of  Duncan  Macrae 
of  Glenelchaig,  with  issue  at  least  three  sons  : — 

cl.  Farquhar,  and  c2,  John,  who  hoth  went  with 
their  families  to  Canada, 

c3.  Alexander,  who  was  for  some  time  a  farmer 
at  Achnagart,  and  married  a  daughter  of  Donald 
Macrae,  Inchcro,  with  issue  : — (l),  Christopher  ;  (2), 
Alexander  ;  (3),  Donald  ;  (4),  Catherine,  who  married 
John  Maclennan,  with  issue — Alexander,  tacksman 
of  Linassie,  in  Kintail,  of  whom  hereafter;  (5),  Mary, 
who  married  John  Macrae  (Ian  ftuadh)  of  the 
Torlysich  family  ;  and  (G)  Isabella,  who  married  his 
brother  Allan.  Both  Mary  and  Isabella  went  to 
Australia  with  large  families. 

d.  Farquhar  married  and  had  issue — 
d\.   Donald,  a  soldier. 

d2.  Malcolm,  who  was  sheriff-officer  for  Kintail. 

3.  Duncan  lived  in  Glensheil.  He  married,  first, 
a  Macrae,  without  surviving  issue. 

He  married,  secondly,  Annabella,  daughter  of 
Donald  Matheson  of  Craig,  Lochalsh,  by  whom  he 
had  issue — 

a.  Donald,  who  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Alex- 
ander, son  of  Maurice  of  Achyuran,1  and  by  her  had 
issue,  a  son  Maurice  and  several  daughters. 


Duncan  married,  thirdly,  a  daughter  of  Chris- 
topher Macrae,  by  whom  he  had,  with  other  issue — 
b,  Christopher  ;  c,  Alexander  ;  d,  John,  a  soldier, 
who  served  in  India,  and  obtained  a  pension.  He 
married  and  left  issue. 

XL  DONALD,  son  of  Donald  X.,  succeeded  his 
father  in  Torlysich,  and  had  Glenquaich  in  joint 
wadsett  with  some  cousins  from  Glengarry.  He 
married  Katherine,1  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Donald 
Macrae  of  Kintail,  with  issue — 

1.  Farquhar,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Duncan  married  and  left  issue. 

3.  John  married  Abigail  Macrae,  Camusluinie, 
with  issue — 

a.  John  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Donald  Mac- 
lennan,  with  issue — 

«1.   Christopher  died  in  the  West  Indies. 

a2.  Donald,  who  lived  for  several  years  at  A.ver- 
nish,  Lochalsh.  He  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Donald  Macrae,  and  died  at  Carnoch,  in  the  Heights 
of  Kintail,  on  the  22nd  of  March,  1892,  aged  eighty- 
five  years,  leaving  issue  : — (1)  Mary  married  Donald 
Mackenzie,  with  issue,  and  died  on  the  5th  of  July, 
1878  ;   (2)  John,  in  Wales,  married  Lilla  Andrews; 

(3)  Donald,  at  Killelan,  married  Janet  Maclennan  ; 

(4)  Farquhar,  in  New  Zealand ;  (5)  Christopher,  at 
Carnoch  ;  (6)  Anne  married,  on  the  6th  of  January, 
1898,  John  Macrae,  of  Dornie,  son  of  Malcolm  and 
Janet  Macrae.2 

«3.  Farquhar  went  to  Australia. 

1  Page  79.      2  Page  161. 


a4.  Catherine  married  John  Macrae,1  school- 
master at  Sleat,  in  Skye,  with  issue. 

«5.  Helen,  married  Malcolm  Macrae,  and  went 
to  Australia  in  1852  with  her  husband  and  family. 
She  died  there  shortly  after  their  arrival,  and  her 
husband  died  in  1872.  They  left,  with  other  issue, 
a  son  Duncan,  now  a  farmer  at  Donnybrook,  in 

b.  Donald,  married  Hannah,  daughter  of  John 
Macrae,  with  issue — 

61.  John,  who  married  Isabel,  daughter  of 
Roderick  Matheson,  with  issue. 

62.  Farquhar. 

bS.  Donald,  a  gamekeeper  at  Cailleach,  in  Skve, 
married  Catherine  Munro,  with  issue. 

c.  Alexander,  married  Anne,  daughter  of  John 
Macrae,  with  issue. 

cl.  John,  went  to  Australia. 

c2.  Donald,  lived  at  Inversheil.  He  married 
Catherine,  daughter  of  John  Macrae,  Durinish,  with 

c3.   Farquhar,  went  to  Australia. 

c4.  Catherine,  went  to  Australia. 

d.  Christopher,  died  without  issue. 

John  and  Abigail  Macrae  had  two  other  sons  in 
the  Seventy-Eighth  Highlanders.  He  had  also  some 

4.  Margaret,  married  Duncan,  son  of  Alex- 
ander, son  of  Farquhar. 

5.  Helen,  married  Kenneth  Maclennan,  in 

1  Page  183 


XII.  Farquhar,  son  of  Donald  XL,  succeeded 
his  father  at  Torlysich.  He  married  "Helen  Grant, 
of  Dundreggan,  in  Glenmoriston,  whose  mother  was 
a  daughter  of  Colonel  Grant  of  Shewglie,  whose  wife 
was  a  daughter  of  John  Grant,  commonly  called  Ian 
a  Chragain,1  by  his  second  wife,  Janet,  daughter  of 
Sir  Ewen  Cameron  of  Lochiel," 2  and  by  her  had 
issue — 

1.  Duncan,  called  Donnacha  Mor,  succeeded  to 
Torlysich,  and  was  extensively  engaged  in  cattle 
dealing.  When  Seaforth  sold  the  south  side  of  Glen  - 
sheil  to  Mr  David  Dick,  Duncan  left  the  old  family 
home  at  Torlysich,  about  1820,  but  got  the  farm  of 
Achnagart,  which  still  formed  part -of  the  Seaforth 
property.  He  married  Florence,3  daughter  of  the; 
Rev.  John  Macrae,  of  Glensheil.  with  issue  one  son, 
Francis  Humberston,  who  married  in  Tasmania,  and 
left  issue,  now  the  lineal  representatives  of  the  old 
Torlysich  family. 

2.  Donald,  tacksman  of  Cluanie,  in  the  Heights 
of  Kintail.  He  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  Alex- 
ander Macra  of  Ardintoul,  with  issue — 

a.  Alexander,  some  time  tacksman  of  Glenquaich, 
died  unmarried  in  Australia. 

b.  Hannah  married  Donald  Macdonald,  Loch- 

c.  Isabella  married  Donald  Stewart  of  Luskin- 
tyre,  in  Harris,  with  issue — 

'     1  For  an   interesting  account  of  Ian  a  Chragain,  who  was  Laird  of  Glen- 
moriston from  1703  to  1736,  see  Mackay's  "Urquhart  and  Glenmoriston." 

2  Letter.       3  page  106. 


cl.  John,  now  of  Ensay,  married  Jessy  Macrae 
of  Auchtertyre,  with  issue  as"  already  mentioned.1 

<?2.   Donald  died  unmarried. 

c3.   William  died  unmarried. 

c4.   Robert  died  unmarried. 

c5.  Alexander  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Cap- 
tain Mackenzie. 

c6.  Grace  married  Duncan  Macrae  of  Karnes 
Castle,  with  issue  as  already  mentioned. ' 

c7.  Mary  married,  first,  the  Rev.  Robert  Mac- 
kintosh of  Kirkmichael,  and,  secondly,  Robert 
Anderson  of  Lochdhu,  with  issue. 

c8.  Helen  Grant  married,  in  1846,  William  Hill 
Brancker  of  Athline,  in  the  Island  of  Lews.  She 
died  in  October,  1897,  and  left  with  other  issue, 
William  Stewart,  barrister-at-law,  of  the  Inner 

c9.  Richmond  Margaret  married  John  Mac- 
dougall  of  Lunga,  with  issue : — Stewart,  now  of 
Lunga,  late  Major  in  the  Ninety-Third  Highlanders, 
and  married  with  issue. 

clO.  Hannah  married  Captain  Ronald  Mac- 
donald  (Aberarder  family)  of  the  Ninety-Second 

d.  Janet  married  Duncan  Macrae  of  Linassie, 
who  went  with  his  family  to  Canada. 

Donald  of  Cluanie  had  also  a  natural  son,  John, 
who  was  a  Sergeant  in  the  Seventy-Eighth  High- 
landers, and  was  killed  after  greatly  distinguishing 
himself  at  the  battle  of  El  Hamet,  in  Egypt,  in 
1807.        Sergeant    John    Macrae    is    mentioned    by 

l  Page  175.        STagelf.S. 


General  David  Stewart  of  Garth  in  his    Sketches 
of  the  Highlanders.1 

3.  Alexander,  tacksman  of  Morvich,  married 
Jessie  Cameron  of  Clunes,  in  Lochaber,  who  died 
on  the  12th  of  March,  1858,  aged  eighty-two  years. 
Alexander  died  on  the  27th  of  January,  1852,  aged 
ninety-two  years,  and  by  his  wife  left  issue — 

a.  Janet  married  Donald  Macrae,  Fernaig,  with 
issue  as  already  mentioned,2  and  died  at  a  very 
advanced  age  on  the  20th  of  May,  1897. 

b.  Helen,  married  Ewen  Maclennan  of  Killelan, 
with  issue — 

61.  Alexander,  in  Canada. 

62.  Anne  Charlotte,  married  Alexander  Mac- 
lennan,8 tacksman  of  Linassie,  with  issue — Ewen 
Donald  ;  Percy  Cameron  ;  Katie  Christina  ;  John. 

Alexander  of  Morvich  had  also  two  natural  sons 
— (l)  Alexander,  who  was  for  many  years  a  farmer 

lln  Volume  II.,  page  317,  General  Stewart,  in  speaking  of  the  battle  of 
El  Haniet,  says  :— Sergeant  John  Macrae,  a  young  man  about  twenty-two 
years  of  age,  but  of  great  size  and  strength  of  arm,  showed  that  the  broad- 
sword, in  a  firm  hand,  is  as  good  a  weapon  in  close  fighting  as  the  bayonet. 
.  .  .  .  Macrae  killed  six  men,  cutting  them  down  with  his  broadsword  (of 
the  kind  usually  worn  by  sergeants  of  Highland  corps),  when  at  last  he  made 
a  dash  out  of  the  ranks  on  a  Turk,  whom  he  cut  down  ;  but  as  he  was  return- 
ing to  the  square  he  was  killed  by  a  blow  from  behind,  his  head  being  nearly 
split  in  two  by  the  stroke  of  a  sabre.  Lieutenant  Christopher  Macrae,  whom 
I  have  already  mentioned  as  having  brought  eighteen  men  of  his  own  name  to 
the  regiment  as  part  of  his  quota  of  recruits  for  an  ensigncy,  was  killed  in  this 
affair,  with  six  of  his  followers  and  namesakes,  besides  the  Sergeant.  On  the 
passage  to  Lisbon  in  October,  1805,  the  same  sergeant  came  to  me  one  evening, 
crying  like  a  child,  and  complaining  that  the  ship's  cook  had  called  him  Eng- 
lish names,  which  he  did  not  understand,  and  thrown  some  fat  in  his  face. 
Thus,  a  lad  who  in  1805  was  so  soft  and  childish,  displayed  in  1807  a  courage 
and  vigour  worthy  a  hero  of  Ossian. 

2  See  page  205,  where  her  age  is  erroneously  stated  to  have  been  seventy- 
eight — she  was  much  older.     3  Page  215. 


at  Achlorachan,  in  Strathconon.  He  married,  first, 
Maria  Margaret,  daughter  of  Kenneth  Mackenzie 
of  Langwell  and  Corrie,  in  Lochbroom,  with  issue,  a 
son,  Kenneth  Farquhar,  late  of  Achlorachan,  and 
now  living  in  the  State  of  Oregon,  in  America,  and 
a  daughter,  Alice,  who  married  Murdoch  Mackenzie 
of  Glenbeg,  Kishorn.  He  married,  secondly,  Chis- 
tina,  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae,  Leachachan.1 
(2)  Duncan,  who  married  and  had  issue. 

4.  John,  called  Ian  Ruadh,  was  for  some  time 
tacksman  of  Dalcataig,  in  Glenmoriston.  He  married 
Mary,  daughter  of  Allan  Grant  of  Dundreggan,  and 
sister  of  Captain  Grant  of  Reraig,  Lochalsh,  with 
issue — 

a.  John,  married  Mary  Macrae  of  Achnagart, 
with  issue,  and  went  to  Australia. 

b.  Allan,  married  Isabella  Macrae  of  Achnagart, 
with  issue,  and  went  to  Australia. 

c.  Duncan,  died  unmarried. 

d.  Angus,  died  unmarried. 

e.  Jessie,  married  Duncan  Macrae  of  Shell  House, 
and  went  as  a  widow  to  Australia  with  her  three 
sons — Duncan;  Christopher,  who  died  on  the  voyage; 

f.  Donald,  who  died  at  Inversheil  in  1896,  at  a 
very  advanced  age,  and  whose  portrait  was  painted 
some  years  before  his  death  by  Mr  William  Lock- 
hart  Bogle. 

5.  Christopher,  was  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Second 
Battalion  of  the  Seventy-Eighth  Highlanders,  which 
was  raised  in  1804,  and  joined  by  many  young  men 

l  Page  200. 

222         THE    HISTORY   OF   THE   CLAN   MACRAE. 

from  Kintail.  Coming  back  to  the  district  as  a 
recruiting  officer,  Christopher  brought  twenty-two 
recruits  to  his  battalion,  and,  in  recognition  of  his 
services,  obtained  an  Ensign's  Commission  for  his 
brother  Farquhar.  The  departure  of  these  men 
was  commemorated  in  a  pibroch  called  Lochduich. 
Lieutenant  Christopher  was  killed,  along  with  seven 
other  Macraes,  as  already,  mentioned,  at  the  battle 
of  El  Hamet,  in  Egypt,  in  1807. 

6.  Farquhar  joined  the  Seventy-Eighth  High- 
landers at  a  very  early  age,  and  obtained  an  Ensign's 
Commission,  as  stated  above,  shortly  after  the  rais- 
ing of  the  Second  Battalion.  He  was  promoted 
Lieutenant  in  1808.  He  was  present  at  the  battle 
of  Maida,  in  Italy,  in  1806,  and  at  El  Hamet  the 
following  year.  He  served  also  in  India  and  in 
Java,  and  was  with  the  portion  of  his  regiment 
which  was  wrecked  in  the  Bay  of  Bengal  while 
sailing  from  Java  to  Calcutta  in  November,  1816, 
and  had  to  remain  neai'ly  five  weeks  on  the  Island  of 
Preparis,  where  they  suffered  great  hardships  before 
they  were  finally  rescued.1  He  retired  about  1825. 
On  returning  home  he  lived  first  at  Cluanie,  and 
afterwards  became  tacksman  of  Inversheil.  He 
married,  on  the  12th  of  January,  1826,  Christina, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  John  Macrae  of  Glensheil,2  and 
died -on  the  18th  of  November,  1858,  aged  about 
seventy-two  years,  leaving  issue  as  below.  His -wife 
died  in  Bute  on  the  4th  of  August,  1887,  and  was 
buried  at  Kilduich. 

1  Historical  Records  of  the  7Sth  Highlanders,  by  James  Macveigh,  page  S4. 
-'  Page  107. 


a.  Donald  John,  born  on  the  18th  of  April,  1830, 
who  was  tacksman  of  Inversheil  and  Cluanie,  and 
who,  according  to  the  obituary  notices  of  him  which 
appeared  at  the  time  of  his  death,  was  one  of  the 
best  known  and  most  highly  esteemed  farmers  in 
the  North  of  Scotland.  He  married  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Archibald  Wallace,  Esq.  of  Conrick,  in 
Dumfriesshire,  and  died  on  the  14th  of  June,  1877, 
leaving  issue — 

a\.  Margaret  Wallace. 

a'2.  Farquhar,  in  India. 

«3.  Christian  Isabella  Stewart  married,  in  1894, 
R.  D.  Tipping,  in  India,  with  issue — Richard  Percy 

a4.  Archibald  Wallace. 

«5.   Fanny. 

«6.  Donald  John. 

a7.  William  Alexander  Mackinnon. 

«8.  Agnes  Wallace. 

b.  Helen  Elizabeth  Grant,  born  13th  of  March, 
1828,  married  Farquhar  Finlayson,  of  Rothesay,  with 
issue — Christina  Madeline;  Duncan;  Mary  Catherine. 

c.  Madeline,  born  18th  of  April,  1832,  married 
Alexander  Macrae,  as  already  mentioned.1 

7.  Isabella,  married  John  Macrae,  as  already 

8.  Janet,  married  John,  son  of  Duncan  Macrae, 
farmer,  Conchra,  with  issue  at  least  one  daughter, 
Mary,  who  married  a  Mr  Fraser,  with  issue. 

9.  Catherine,  married  Alexander  Maclennan 
Culagan,  Lochcarron,  with  issue — 

1  Page  205.       -  Page  212. 


a.  John,  died  in  Trinidad.  He  was  married  and 
left  issue,  a  son  and  a  daughter. 

b.  Farquhar,  lived  in  Lochcarron,  where  he  died 
in  1869,  aged  fifty-eight  years.  He  married  Janet, 
daughter  of  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  Morvich,  by  his 
wife,  Anne  Macrae,  and  left  issue — 

b\.  Alexander,  now  living  at  Craig  House,  Loch- 
carron. He  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  Mur- 
doch Finlayson,  as  already  mentioned,1  and  has 
issue — Farquhar,  now  a  Medical  Student  at  the 
University  of  Aberdeen  ;  Agnes  ;  John  ;  Murdo 
Roderick  Finlayson  ;  Duncan  Lachlan. 

62.  Hannah,  married  James  Macleod  in  Australia. 

b3.  John,  died  in  Australia  in  1869. 

hi.   Lachlan,  in  Queensland. 

b5.  Kenneth,  at  Monar. 

?>6.  Annie,  married  to  Joseph  Williams  in  Here- 
ford.    b7.  Catherine. 

c.  Christopher,  died  in  Australia,  was  married, 
and  left  issue. 

d.  Duncan,  died  in  Australia,  unmarried. 

e.  Lachlan,  living  at  Clunes,  Victoria,  in  Aus- 
tralia, is  married,  and  has  a  large  family. 

1  Page  211. 



Finlay,  son  of  Christopher  of  Aryugan. — Settled  in  Lochcarron. 
— Fionula  nan  Gobhar. — His  Family.— Donald  Macrae  of 
Achintee. — Ruling  Elder  of  the  Parish  of  Lochcarron. — His 
Marriage  and  Descendants. 

X.  FINLAY,1  son  of  Christopher  of  Aryugan, 
and  tenth  in  descent  from  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac 
Gillechriosd,  left  Kintail  and  settled  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood of  New  Kelso,  in  Lochcarron,  and  there  is 
no  reasonable  doubt  that  this  was  the  Finlay  Macrae 
known  in  Lochcarron  as  Fionnla  nan  Gobhar  (Finlay 
of  the  goats),  who  lived  at  a  place  called  Frassail, 
near  New  Kelso,  during  the  first  half  of  the  eighteenth 
century,  and  was  a  man  of  means.  This  identity  is 
further  confirmed  by  the  traditions  of  Fionnla  nan 
Gobhar's  descendants,  who  claim  Christopher  of 
Aryugan  as  their  ancestor.  Fionnla  nan  Gobhar 
married,  and  left  issue  at  least  two  sons — 

1.  Duncan,  of  whom  next. 

2.  Finlay,  who  married,  and  had  issue  at  least 
one  son,  Duncan,  who  married  Rebecca  Macaulay, 
and  had  a  daughter,  Mary. 

XL  DUNCAN,  son  of  Finlay,  married,  and  had 
issue — 

1.  Donald,  of  whom  next. 


2.  Christopher,  who  emigrated  to  North  Caro- 
lina about  the  end  of  the  last  century,  and  was  living 
there  in  1810.  He  married,  and  had  issue  at  least 
one  son  and  several  daughters. 

XII.  DONALD  lived  at  Achintee  in  Lochcarron, 
He  is  said  to  have  been  a  man  of  "  great  piety  and 
much  force  of  character,"  and  was  ruling  elder  of  the 
parish  of  Lochcarron  under  the  ministry  of  the  well- 
known  Mr  Lachlan  Mackenzie.  He  married  Mary, 
daughter  of  his  cousin,  Duncan  Macrae,  who  is 
mentioned  above,  and  by  her  had  issue  as  below. 
He  died  on  the  3rd  of  January,  1821,  aged  eighty 
years,  and  was  buried  in  Lochcarron. 

1  Duncan,  who  died  unmarried  in  1804. 

2.  The  Kev.  Finlay,  born  in  1792.  He  was 
educated  at  King's  College,  Aberdeen,  graduated 
Master  of  Arts  in  1812,  and  became  minister  of 
North  Uist  in  1818.  "Amid  the  bitterness  and 
strife  engendered  by  the  veto  controversy  he  was 
accused  of  maintaining  erroneous  opinions  in  a  sermon 
preached  at  the  opening  of  the  Synod  (of  Glenelg). 
The  case  came  before  the  General  Assembly  (of  the 
Church  of  Scotland)  in  1841,  who  referred  it  to  a 
committee,  who  reported  on  the  31st  of  May,  unani- 
mously, that  unsoundness  of  doctrine  was  not 
chargeable."1  He  was  not  only  acquitted  of  the 
charge  of  heresy,  but  was  also  complimented  by  the 
Assembly  on  the  general  ability  of  the  sermon.  He 
continued  minister  of  North  Uist  until  his  death  on 
the  15th  of  May,  1858.  He  married  on  the  16th  of 
July,    1824,    Isabella    Maria    (born    1800, .  died    in 

1  Fasti  Ecclesise  Scoticanse. 


Edinburgh  1882),  daughter  of  Colonel  Alexander 
Macdonald  of  Lynedale,  Skye,  and  Balranald,  North 
Uist,  and  by  her  had  issue — 

a.  Donald,  born  at  Baleloch,  in  North  Uist,  in 
August,  1825.  He  married  in  March,  1851,  Anna- 
bella,  daughter  of  Captain  David  Miller,  Royal 
Marines,  of  Pow,  Perthshire,  and  died  in  1893, 
leaving  issue — 

al.  David  Miller,  born  in  1851,  and  died  un- 
married in  1893. 

«2.  Annabella  Douglas,  born  in  1853. 

aS.  Isabella  Maria, born  in  1855,  died  in  childhood. 

ai.  John  Miller,  born  in  1857,  died,  unmarried, 
in  1882. 

«5.  Elizabeth  Anne,  born  in  November,  1859, 
married,  in  1887,  Charles  Gordon  Mackay,  M.B., 
Lochcarron,  with  issue. 

«6.  Alexandrina  Cornfute,  born  in  November, 
1859,  married,  in  1887,  John  Tolmie,1  of  H.M. 
Register  House,  Edinburgh. 

a7.  Isabella,  born  in  18G1,  died  in  infancy. 

a8.  Finlay  Alexander,  born  in  1863,  of  the  firm 
of  Jackson,  Gourlay,  Taylor,  &  Macrae,  Chartered 
Accountants,  London  and  Glasgow.  He  married,  in 
1886,  his  cousin,  Mildred  Augusta,  daughter  of 
Surgeon-Major  Alexander  Macrae,  of  whom  below, 
with  issue — (1)  Florence  Annabella,  born  in  1887; 
(2)  Rita  Mildred,  born  in  1888  ;  (3)  Dorothy  Mary, 
born  in  1890  ;  (4)  John  Finlay  Noel,  born  in  1891  ; 
(5)  Nina  Elizabeth,  born  in  1893. 

«9.   Mary  Jane  Harris,  born  in  1865. 

1  Tage  100. 


alO.  Caroline  Isabella  Craigdaillie,  born  in  1867, 
married  Percy  Maclean  Rogers,  London,  with  issue. 

all.  Somerled  James,  born  in  1870,  died  un- 
married, in  1893. 

6.  Alexander,  born  at  Baleloch,  in  North  Uist, 
in  1828,  a  Doctor  of  Medicine.  He  was  surgeon 
in  the  Army,  first  in  the  Ninety-Third  Highlanders, 
and  afterwards  in  the  Ninth  Lancers,  with  which 
regiment  he  served  in  the  Indian  Mutiny.  He  was 
afterwards  promoted  Surgeon-Major  of  the  Ninety- 
Seventh  Regiment,  and  died  in  London  on  his  return 
from  India,  in  May,  1862.  He  married,  in  1851, 
Florence,  daughter  of  Dr  William  Henry  Maclean 
of  the  Royal  Hospital,  Greenwich,  with  issue  — 

61.  Lachlan,  born  in  1858,  married,  with  issue. 

62.  Mildred  Augusta,  born  in  1859,  married  her 
cousin,  Finlay  Alexander,  as  mentioned  above. 

63.  Eva  Florence  Impey,  born  in  1862,  married, 
in  1894,  Thomas  Southwood  Bush,  Bath. 

c.  Duncan,  born  at  Vallay,  in  North  Uist,  in  1829, 
went  to  Australia,  was  married,  and  died  in  1866, 
leaving  issue,  two  sons,  Duncan  and  Finlay. 

d.  John  Alexander,  born  at  Vallay,  in  1832.  He 
succeeded  his  father  as  minister  of  North  Uist,  and 
died  unmarried  in  1896. 

e.  James  Andrew,  born  at  Vallay  in  1834,  Major 
in  the  Inverness  Highland  Light  Infantry,  died 
unmarried  in  1873. 

f.  Jane  Ann  Elizabeth,  born  at  Vallay  in  1838, 
married  Captain  Edward  William  Hawes,  R.N.,  who 
served  in  the  Crimean  War  and  died  in  December, 
1874,  and  by  whom  she  had  issue : — Isabella  Georgina 


Emily;  Mary  Margaret;  Elizabeth  Alexandria  Mac- 

(j.  Godfrey  Alexander,  born  at  Vallay  in  1840, 
a  Doctor  of  Medicine,  died  unmarried  in  Edinburgh 
in  1884. 

3.  Christopher,  who  in  his  youth  was  a  great 
favourite  of  the  Rev.  Lachlan  Mackenzie,  succeeded 
to  his  father's  farm,  and  in  1842  became  tacksman 
of  Glenmore,  in  Kishorn,  where  he  lived  for  many 
years.  He  was  extensively  engaged  in  cattle  dealing, 
and  was  the  first  man  who  sold  cattle  on  the  present 
site  of  the  Muir  of  Ord  Market.  He  married 
Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Gillanders,  of  Kishorn, 
and  by  her  had  issue  as  below.  Christopher  died 
on  the  5th  of  October,  1875,  aged  over  eighty  years. 
His  wife  died  on  the  26th  of  July  in  the  same  year, 
aged  seventy-five,  and  both  were  buried  in  Lochcarron. 

a.  Mary,  married  John  Maclennan,  and  succeeded 
to  her  father's  farm  at  Achintee.     She  has  issue — 

«1.  Duncan,  married  with  issue. 
«2.  Anne,  married  Alexander  Maclennan,  with 

«3.  John,  died  while  studying  at  the  University. 

«4.  Christopher. 

«5.  Christina,  married,  with  issue. 

b.  Flora,  married  Alexander  Mackenzie,  with 
numerous  issue,  one  of  whom  is  the  Rev..  Colm 
Mackenzie,  of  the  Free  Church,  St  Ninians,  Stirling. 

C.  Margaret,  married  Kenneth  Macdonald,  factor 
for  Lord  Dunmore,  in  Harris.  She  died  on  the  22nd 
October,  1863,  without  issue. 

d.  Rebecca,  died  unmarried  in  Liverpool. 

230          THE   HISTORY   OF    THE   CLAN    MACRAE. 

e.  Donald,  a  Doctor  of  Medicine,  of  The  Firs, 
Beckenham,  Kent,  and  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  the 
county  of  Inverness.  He  married  on  the  2nd  of 
June,  1874,  Harriet  Parker  Garth,  daughter  of 
Arthur  Michel,  Esq.,  of  Eaton  Square,  London, 
with  issue,  one  daughter. 

Emily  Elizabeth  Mary,  married,  on  the  15th  of 
September,  1897,  Edward  Oliver  Kirlew,  B.A.,  of 
Christ  Church,  Oxford. 

f.  Jane,  married  William  Coghill,  of  the  Royal 
Engineers,  without  surviving  issue. 

g.  John,  died  in  ^New  Zealand  on  the  12th  of 
July,  1895. 

h.  Kate  ;  i.  Isabella. 

4.  John,  a  farmer  at  Achintee,  married  Kate 
Maciver,  and  died  in  1835,  leaving  issue — 

a.  Donald,  born  in  1826,  succeeded  to  his  father's 
farm.  "  He  was  a  religious  and  a  highly  respected 
man."  He  married  in  1850  Margery,  daughter  of 
Donald  Macdonald,  Lochcarron,  by  whom  he  had 
issue  as  below.     He  died  in  1887. 

«1.  John,  died  young. 

«2.  Mary,  born  in  1852,  married,  in  1877,  John 
Mackenzie,  Lochalsh. 

a3.  Donald,  born  in  1854,  was  a  schoolmaster 
at  Dunblane,  and  died  in  1879. 

a4.  John,  born  on  the  25th  of  June,  1856, 
ordained  minister  of  the  Free  Church  at  Aberfeldy 
in  1884.  He  married  on  the  20th  of  April,  1887, 
Catherine  Campbell  Mackerchar,  with  issue,  Donald, 
bom  on  the  16th  of  September,  1888. 

05.  Margaret,  born  in  1858,  died  in  1867. 


a6.  Catherine,  born  in  1861,  married,  in  1882, 
to  Murdoch  Mackenzie,  Auchnashellach,  Lochcarron. 

a7.  Isabella,  born  in  18G5,  married,  in  1894,  to 
John  Stewart,  Slumbay,  Lochcarron. 

«8.  Alexander,  born  in  June,  1867,  a  minister  of 
the  Free  Presbyterian  Church  at  Karnes,  in  Argyll- 

«9.  William,  born  in  1869,  succeeded  to  his 
father's  farm  at  Achintee. 

«10.  Margaret  Isabella,  born  in  October,  1873. 

b.  Alexander,  born  in  1828,  went  to  Australia  in 
1852,  settled  near  Ballarat,  and  died  in  1890.  He 
was  married,  and  left  a  large  family. 

c.  Mary,  born  in  1830,  died  young. 

5.  The  Rev.  Donald,  born  on  the  12th  of 
January,  1801.  He  was  educated  at  King's  College, 
Aberdeen,  and  graduated  Master  of  Arts  in  1823. 
He  became  minister  of  Poolewe,  in  Ross-shire,  in 
1830.  At  the  Disruption  of  the  Church  of  Scotland 
in  1843,  he  cast  in  his  lot  with  the  Free  Church,  and 
was  followed  by  his  entire  congregation.  In  1845 
he  became  minister  of  the  Free  Church  at  Kihnory 
in  Arran,  where  he  continued  until  his  death  on  the 
6th  of  August,  1868.  He  married  on  the  2nd  of 
August,  1834,  Jessie,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  James 
Russell,  M.A.,  of  Gairloch,  and  by  her  had  issue — 

a.  Mary  Johanna,  married  the  Rev.  John  Stewart, 
for  many  years  Free  Church  minister  of  Pitlochry, 
who  died  in  1882,  and  by  whom  she  had  issue — 

«1.  Jessie  Russell. 

a2.  Alexander,  in  South  Africa. 

«3.  Donald  Macrae,  a  Presbyterian  minister  in 

232         THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

«4.  Margaret,  married  James  Arthur  Thompson, 
Lecturer  in  Biology  in  Edinburgh  University. 
a5.  William,  in  the  United  States. 
a6.  Ella  ;  «7.  Douglas ;  «8.  Ian. 

b.  Donald,  a  medical  practitioner  in  the  city  of 
Council  Bluffs,  Iowa,  U.S.A.,  was  for  three  years 
Mayor  of  that  city.  He  married  Charlotte  Angelica, 
daughter  of  Joseph  Bouchette,  Surveyor-General  of 
Canada,  with  issue,  one  son,  Donald,  who  is  also  a 
medical  practitioner,  in  partnership  with  his  father, 
and  is  married,  with  issue. 

c.  Isabella,  died  young  in  1855. 

d.  Jessie  Russell,  married  the  Rev.  John  Teed 
Maclean,  minister  of  the  Free  Gaelic  Church,  Govan, 
Glasgow.     She  died  in  1888,  leaving  issue. 

e.  James  Russell,  a  farmer  near  Council  Bluffs, 
U.S.A.,  married,  with  issue. 

f.  Rev.  John  Farquhar,  sometime  minister  of  the 
Free  Church ,  Cockpen,  near  Edinburgh ,  and  afterwards 
of  the  Free  Church,  St  Andrews.  He  is  now  minister 
of  the  Toorak  Presbyterian  Church,  Melbourne,  one 
of  the  most  important  Presbyterian  Churches  in 
Australia.  He  married  Bertha,  daughter  of  Thomas 
Livingstone  Learnmouth,  of  Park  Hall,  Polmont, 
with  issue — Frederick  ;  Norman  ;  Ethel ;  Muriel ; 
Marjory  Bertha. 

g.  Rev.  Duncan,  now  minister  of  the  Presby- 
terian Church,  Wood  Green,  London.  He  married 
Alice,  daughter  of  Alfred  Hawkins,  solicitor,  London, 
with  issue — Irene,  died  in  childhood  ;  Russell  Dun- 
can ;  Winifred  Alice  ;  Kathleen  Doris. 

h.  Finlay  Alexander,  now  living  at  Wood  Green, 


London,  married  Myra,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Colin 
Campbell,  minister  of  the  parish  of  Lamlash,  in 

6.  Axxe,  married  George  Mackenzie,  with  issue. 

7.  Jessie,  married  Finlay  Matheson,  a  Senator 
of  Canada,  with  issue. 

8.  Rebecca,  married  Kenneth  Macleod,  with 

9.  Mary,  married  in  1806,  Christopher  Mac- 
donald,  Lonellan,  Kintail,  with  issue — 

a.  Kate,  married,  first,  in  1826,  Alexander  Mac- 
rae, shipowner,  Dornie,  with  issue. 

ol.  Donald,  born  in  1827,  died  in  Australia. 

«2.  Margaret  Catherine,  married  in  1859,  Alex- 
ander Bremner,  of  the  Inland  Revenue,  now  in 
Dunblane,  with  issue,  three  sons,  one  of  whom  is  Dr 
A.  M.  Bremner,  Alyth,  Perthshire. 

Kate,  married,  secondly,  in  1841,  John  Murdoch, 
of  the  Inland  Revenue,  with  issue — 

«3.  John;  «4.  Mary;  «5.  Christopher;  «G.  Caro- 

b.  Duncan,  born  in  1809,  died  in  1831. 

c.  Mary,  married  Roderick  Mackenzie,  shipowner, 
Shieldaig,  with  issue — 

cl.  Isabella,  married  Duncan  Macrae,  Dornie, 
with  issue. 

c2.  Mary,  married  Christopher  Macdonald,  New 
Zealand,  with  issue. 

c3.  Anne. 

c4.  Christopher,  merchant,  Shieldaig. 

c5.  Margaret,  married  Roderick  Macrae,  Loch- 


d.  Christina,  married,  in  1 84 1 , Charles  Mackenzie, 
Lonellan,  with  issue — 

dl.  Alexander  Colin,  born  in  1842,  schoolmaster, 
Maryburgh,  near  Dingwall,  Major,  First  Volunteer 
Battalion  Seaforth  Highlanders,  and  a  Justice  of 
the  Peace  for  Ross  and  Cromarty. 

d'2.  Christopher  Duncan,  born  1843,  now  in 
business  in  Middlesbrough,  Yorkshire,  married,  in 
1870,  Margaret  Sclanders,  daughter  of  John  Mac- 
millan,  Glasgow,  with  issue. 

d3.  Annabella,  married,  in  1875,  John  Bell,  at 
Bishop  Auckland,  Durham,  with  issue. 

d4.  Mary,  died  in  1894;  d5.  Margaret. 

e.  Finlay  of  Drudaig,  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for 
the  County  of  Ross,  married,  in  1860,  Jessie  Mar- 
garet, daughter  of  Lieutenant  John  Macdonald, 
North  Uist,  and  died  in  1892,  leaving  issue — 

el.  John  Christopher,  a  planter  in  India. 

e2.  Johanna  Matheson. 

eS.  Alexina  Flora,  married  Dr  Robert  Moodie,  of 
Stirling,  with  issue. 

e4.  Mary  Catherine,  married  James  Gerrard,  of 
Coorg,  in  India. 

e5.  Jemima  Margaret. 

e6.  Duncan  Alexander,  died  young. 

e7.  James  Andrew,  died  young. 

/  Alexander,  born  in  1820,  drowned  in  1834. 




Governor  James  Macrae  of  Madras.— Tradition  about  his  Ancestry. 
—His  Humble  Birth.— Boyhood.— Goes  to  Sea.— Mission  to 
Sumatra. — Governor  of  Madras. — Return  to  Scotland. — His 
Death.— His  Heirs.— Their  Marriages  and  Descendants. 

There  have  been  very  few  men  who  had  a  more 
romantic  or  a  more  successful  and  honourable  career 
than  Governor  James  Macrae  of  Madras,  who,  though 
by  birth  a  native  of  the  County  of  Ayr,  is  sometimes 
claimed  as  a  descendant  of  the  Macraes  of  Kintail. 
There  is  a  Kintail  tradition  to  the  effect- that  some 
time  during. the  first  half  of  the  seventeenth  century  a 
certain  John  Macrae,  known  in  Kintail  as  Ian  Dubh 
Mac  Ian  Oig1  (Black  John,  son  of  John  the  younger), 
migrated  to  the  south  and  settled  for  some  time  at 
Greenock,  that  either  he  or  one  of  his  sons  after- 
wards moved  farther  south  to  the  town  of  Ayr  or 
its  neighbourhood,  and  that  he.  was  the  grandfather 
of  Governor  James  Macrae  of  Madras.  At  the  same 
time,  the  name  Macrae  or  M'Cra  appears  more  than 
once  in  connection  with  Ayr2  many  generations 
before  the  time  to  which  this  tradition  refers,  and  it 
is  quite  possible  that,  notwithstanding  the  Kintail 

1  Pages  189-190. 

J  In  the  Register  of  the  Great  Seal,  25th  August,  1534,  mention  is  ma<lc 
of  Thomas  M'Cra,  Sergeant  or  Constable  of  the  Sheriff  of  Ayr,  but  the  name 
occurtj  iu  Ayr  as  far  back  as  1477. 


tradition,  Governor  Macrae  may  have  belonged  to 
an  old  Ayrshire  family  of  that  name.  But,  on  the 
other  hand,  it  may  be  mentioned  that,  besides  this 
Kintail  tradition,  there  are  traditions  ■  also  among 
other  families  of  the  name  to  the  effect  that  they 
are  descended  from  certain  Macraes  who  left  Kin- 
tail  and  settled  in  the  south-west  of  Scotland  about 
the  middle  of  the  seventeenth  century. 

Of  Governor  Macrae's  ancestry,  however,  nothing 
beyond  the  Kintail  tradition  appears  to  be  known. 
He  was  born  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Ayr  about  the 
year  1677.  His  parents  were  in  poor  circumstances, 
and  at  an  early  age  James  was  employed  in  herding 
eattle.  He  lost  his  father  while  still  very  young, 
and  his  mother  then  moved  to  a  small  thatched 
cottage  in  one  of  the  suburbs  of  Ayr.  Here  she 
earned  her  living  as  a  washerwoman,  while  her  son 
added  to  the  earnings  by  serving  as  an  errand  boy 
in  the  town.  By  some  means  or  other  he  contrived 
to  acquire  an  education — perhaps  through  the  kind- 
ness of  a  fiddler  of  the  town  of  Ayr  called  Hugh 
Macguire,  and  about  1692  went  to  sea.  It  is 
generally  supposed  that  he  was  not  heard  of  again 
in  Ayr  until  he  returned  home  after  an  absence  of 
about  forty  years.  In  1720  he  is  mentioned  as 
Captain  Macrae,  then  serving  under  the  Honourable 
East  India  Company,  and  conducting  a  special 
mission  to  the  English  settlement  on  the  West 
Coast  of  Sumatra.  So  successfully  did  he  fulfil  the 
object  of  that  mission,  and  deal  with  certain  com- 
mercial abuses  which  prevailed  there  at  the  time, 

1  These  traditions  are  again  referred  to  in  Chapters  XX.,  XXI. 


that  he  was  appointed  Deputy-Governor  of  Fort  St 
David,  with  reversion  of  the  Governorship  of  Fort- 
George.  He  was  afterwards  appointed  Governor  of 
the  Presidency  of  Madras,  and  assumed  charge  of 
office  on  the  15th  of  January,  1725.  His  rule  is  said 
to  have  been  stern  and  arbitrary,  but  highly  accept- 
able to  the  Company,  as  he  reformed  many  abuses, 
reduced  expenditure,  and  greatly  increased  the  Com- 
pany's revenues.  The  first  Protestant  Mission  was 
inaugurated  at  Madras  during  his  rule  in  1726,  and 
in  the  following  year  a  general  survey  of  the  town 
and  suburbs  was  made  under  his  direction.  He 
is  said  to  have  been  emphatically  a  commercial 
Governor,  effecting  fiscal  reforms  on  all  hands,  cor- 
recting various  abuses  and  greatly  developing  and 
increasing  the  commerce  of  the  Presidency,  while 
many  improvements  of  various  kinds  were  carried 
out  as  the  result  of  his  intelligent  and  energetic 
policy.  The  old  records  of  Madras  reveal  many 
facts  most  creditable  to  the  rule  of  Governor  James 
Macrae,  who  thus  occupies  a  high  and  honourable 
place  in  the  long  list  of  eminent  statesmen  who  have 
made  our  Indian  Empire  what  it  is.  He  resigned 
the  Governorship  on  the  14th  of  May,  1730,  and  on 
the  21st  of  January,  1731,  set  sail  for  Scotland. 

On  his  return  to  Scotland  he  found  himself  a  perfect 
stranger,  but  a  diligent  search  led  to  the  discover}'  of 
some  relatives  or  friends,  whom  he  treated  with  great 
kindness,  and  among  whom  he  made  a  liberal  distri- 
bution of  his  wealth.  He  bought  several  estates  in 
the  West  of  Scotland,  and  fixed  his  own  residence 
at  Orangefield,  in  Ayrshire.      He  was  admitted  a 


burgess  of  Ayr  on  the  1st  of  August,  1733,  and  in 
1735  he  presented  Glasgow  with  a  bronze' statue  of 
William  III.  He  died  on  the  21st  of  July,  1744, 
and  was  buried  in  Monktoun  Churchyard,  where  he 
is  commemorated  by  a  monument  which  was  erected 
in  1750.  '  Governor  Macrae  died  unmarried,  and  the 
exact  degree  of  l-elationship  between  himself  and  the 
family  which  he  adopted  appears  to  be  somewhat 
doubtful.  They  Were  the  grandchildren  of  Hugh 
Macguire,  to  whose  kindness,  as  already  mentioned, 
Governor  Macrae  is  said  to  have  been  indebted  for 
such  education  as  he  received  in  his  childhood,  and 
they  are  also  mentioned  as  his  sister's  children.  It 
is  quite  possible  that  a  son  of  Hugh  Macguire,  also 
called  Hugh,  may  have  married  Governor  Macrae's 
sister.  In  that  case,  then,  both  descriptions  might 
be  correct.1 

On  obtaining  some  information  about  her, 
Governor  Macrae  is  said  to  have  written  to  his 
sister,  Mrs  Hugh  Macguire,  at  Ayr,  enclosing  a 
large  sum  of  money,  and  offering  to  provide  for 
herself  and  family.  The  surprise  of  Mrs  Mac- 
guire and  her  husband,  who  is  said  to  have 
been  a  poor  man,  earning  his  living  partly  as 
a  carpenter  and  partly  as  a  fiddler,  was,  of  course, 
unbounded,  and  "they  are  said  to  have  given 
way    to   their    delight    by    indulging   in    a   luxury 

*  The  writer  of  the  article  on  Governor  Macrae  in  the  Dictionary  of 
National  Biography  speaks  of  the  family  he  adopted  simply  as  the  grand- 
children of  his  old  benefactor,  Hugh  Macguire,  but  in  J.  Talboys  Wheeler's 
Madras  in  the  Olden  Time  (a  work  to  which  the  author  is  indebted  for  most  of 
the  information  contained  in  this  chapter)  they  are  mentioned  as  the  children 
of  Governor  Macrae's  sister,  Mrs  Hugh  Macguire. 


which  will  serve  to  illustrate  both  their  ideas  of 
happiness,  and  the  state  of  poverty  in  which  they 
had  been  living.  They  procured  a  loaf  of  sugar  and 
a  bottle  of  brandy,  and  scooping  out  a  hole  in  the 
sugar  loaf  they  poured  in  the  brandy,  and  supped 
up"the  sweetened  spirit  with  spoons  until  the  excess 
of  their  felicity  compelled  them  to  close  their  eyes 
in  peaceful  slumber."  *  Governor  Macrae  made  liberal 
provisions  for  the  Macguire  family,  as  follows : — 

1.  The  eldest  daughter  married  Mr  Charles  Dal- 
rymple,  Sheriff-Clerk  of  Ayr,  and  received  the  estate 
of  Orangefield. 

2.  Margaret  married  Mr  James  Erskine,  who 
received  the  estate  of  Alva,  and  was  afterwards 
elevated  to  the  bench  under  the  title  of  Lord  Alva. 

3.  Elizabeth  married  William  Cunningham, 
thirteenth  Earl  of  Glencairn,  in  August,  1744,  and 
died  at  Coats,  near  Edinburgh,  on  the  24th  of  June, 
1801,  leaving  issue — 

a.  William,  Lord  Kilmaurs,  died  unmarried  in 

b.  James,  fourteenth  Earl  of  Glencairn,  died 
unmarried  on  the  30th  of  January,  1791.  This  was 
the  Earl  of  Glencairn  so  frequently  referred  to  in 
the  works  of  Robert  Burns,  and  on  whose  death  the 
poet  wrote  his  well-known  "  Lament  for  James,  Earl 
of  Glencairn." 

c.  John,  fifteenth  and  last  Earl  of  Glencairn, 
born  in  1750,  was  an  officer  in  the  14th  Dragoons, 
but  afterwards  took  orders  in  the  Church  of  Eng- 
land.    He  married,  in  1785,  Lady  Isabella  Erskine, 

1  J,  Talboys  Wheeler's  Madras  in  the  Olden  Time, 


second  daughter  of  the  tenth  Earl  of  Buchan,  and 
widow  of  William  Leslie  Hamilton.  He  died  with- 
out issue  on  the  24th  of  September,  1796,  when  the 
title  became  extinct. 

d.  Harriet  married  Sir  Alexander  Don,  Bart, 
of  Newton-Don,  Boxburgh,  and  had  a  son — Sir 
Alexander  Don,  Bart.,  who  succeeded  to  the  barony 
of  Ochiltree  on  the  death  of  his  grandmother,  the 
Countess  of  Glencairn,  in  1801. 

4.  The  fourth  daughter  married  James  Macrae, 
of  whom  next. 

JAMES  MACBAE,  who  married  the  fourth 
daughter  of  Hugh  Macguire,  received  the  barony  of 
Houston,  in  Benfrewshire.  He  appears  to  have  been 
a  young  gentleman  of  doubtful  origin,  said  to  have 
been  the  nephew  of  Governor  Macrae,  but  supposed 
to  have  been  his  natural  son.1  He  was  a  Captain  in 
the  A.rmy,  and  on  the  4th  of  April,  1758,  was  served 
heir  general  to  Hugh  Macguire  of  Drumdow, 
who  is  there  mentioned  as  his  father,  and  who  died 
in  1753.  Captain  Macrae  died  on  the  16th  of 
October,  1760,  leaving  issue,  at  least,  one  son — 

JAMES,  of  Houston,  and  afterwards  of  Holmains, 
in  Dumfriesshire,  was  also  a  Captain  in  the  Army. 
In  consequence  of  an  insult  which  Captain  Macrae 
received,  or  thought  he  had  received,  one  night  at 
the  theatre  door  in    Edinburgh,  from    one  of  the 

1  This  account  of  James  Macrae  is  from  J.  Talboys  Wheeler's  Madras  in 
the  Olden  Time,  but  the  writer  of  the  article  iu  the  Dictionary  of  National 
Biography  says  that  he  was  the  son  of  Hugh  Macguire  (in  which  case  he  was 
probably  the  nephew  of  Governor  Macrae),  and  that  he  adopted  the  name 
Macrae  as  one  of  Governor  Macrae's  heirs.  This  would  seem  to  be  borne  out  by 
his  service  of  heirship,  and  in  that  case  he  could  not,  of  course,  have  married  a 
daughter  of  Hugh  Macguire,  as  stated  by  J.  Talboys  Wheeler. 


servants  of  Sir  George  Ramsay,  Bart,  of  Bamff,  in 
Perthshire,  a  quarrel  arose  between  Sir  George  and 
himself.  The  quarrel  led  to  a  duel  between  them 
on  Musselburgh  Links,  in  which  Sir  George  Ramsay 
was  killed,  in  1790.  After  this  Captain  Macrae  ap- 
pears to  have  lived  abroad.  He  married,  about 
1787,  Maria  Cecilia,  daughter  of  Judge  Le  Maistre, 
of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Judicature  in  India,  and 
by  her,  who  died  in  1806,  had  issue  as  below.  Cap- 
tain Macrae  died  in  France  on  the  10th  of  January, 

1.  James  Charles,  Esq.  of  Holmains,  J. P.  and 
D.L.,  was  born  on  the  2nd  of  January,  1791.  He 
married  on  the  26th  of  June,  1820,  Margaret  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  of  Sir  Alexander  Grierson,  Bart. 
Mr  Macrae  sold  Holmains,  and  went  to  live  at 
Reading,  where  he  died  about  1876.  He  appears 
to  have  been  the  last  representative  in  the  male  line 
of  this  family. 

2.  Marie  Le  Maistre  married  J.  P.  Davis,  Esq., 
of  London. 



A  Romance  of  Sheriffmuir.— The  Rev.  James  Macrae  of  Sauchie- 
burn. — The  Rev.  David  Macrae  of  Oban,  and  afterwards  of 
Glasgow. — The  Rev.  David  Macrae  of  Gourock,  and  afterwards 
of  Dundee. 

Among  the  Macraes  who  fought  at  the  battle  of 
Sheriffmuir,  a  certain  young  man,  covered  with 
wounds  and  apparently  dead,  with  his  sword  still 
in  his  grasp,  was  found  on  the  field  after  the  battle. 
On  its  being  discovered  that  life  was  still  in  him,  he 
was  taken  to  a  neighbouring  farm  house,  where  he 
was  kindly  cared  for  until  his  wounds  were  healed. 
Instead  of  returning  home  he  settled  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood and  married  the  farmer's  daughter.  By 
her  he  had  at  least  one  son, 

DUNCAN,  who  joined  the  Highland  army  in 
1745  on  its  way  south  under  Prince  Charlie.  Dun- 
can married  and  had  at  least  one  son, 

JAMES,  who  became  a  carpenter  in  the  Perth- 
shire Highlands,  married  and  had  issue,  at  least  one 

JAMES,  who  was  trained  for  the  ministry  of  the 
Established  Church,  but,  owing  to  his  objections  to 
the  Confession  of  Faith,  left  and  became  an  Inde- 
pendent minister  at  Sauchieburn,  in  the  parish  of 
Fettercairn,  in  1775.     During  the  latter  part  of  the 


century  he  made  considerable  stir  in  the  Scottish 
ecclesiastical  world  as  a  vigorous  and  able  champion 
of  religious  freedom  and  equality.  He  was  in  many 
respects  considerably  in  advance  of  his  times.  His 
preaching  is  said  to  have  been  evangelical  and  full 
of  power,  and  people  flocked  to  his  church  from  all 
the  adjacent  parishes.  After  a  long  and  honourable 
course  of  labour  he  was  forced  by  the  increasing 
infirmities  of  old  age  to  resign  his  pastorate,  and 
shortly  afterwards  died  at  Laurencekirk  in  1813. 
He  had  married  Jean  Low  of  Fettercairn  in  1777, 
by  whom  he  had  a  large  family,  one  of  whom  was 

DAVID,  born  on  the  14th  of  October,  1796.     He 
was  educated  at  Aberdeen  University,  and  gradu- 
ated M.A.  in  1820.     For  some  time  he  was  teacher 
of  Mathematics  in  one  of  the  schools  of  Aberdeen, 
where  he  had  as  one  of  his  pupils  the  late  Professor 
John  Stuart  Blackie  of  Edinburgh  University.     He 
joined  the  Presbyterian  (Secession)  Church  in  Aber- 
deen ;  was  trained  for  the  ministry  of  that  denomina- 
tion, and  on  the  Gth  of  March,  1827,  was  ordained 
minister  of  the  Secession  (now  United  Presbyterian) 
Church  at  Lathones,  in  Fife.     Here  he  laboured  for 
eleven    years,   when    he    accepted    a  call  from    the 
congregation  of  the  United  Presbyterian  Church  at 
Oban,  and  was  inducted  there  on  the  25th  of  April, 
1838.     At  Oban  Mr  Macrae  engaged  in  many  im- 
portant labours,  and   the   energy  and   ability  with 
which   he   set   himself   to   work   among   the   people 
during  the  famine  which  visited  the  Highlands  in 
1845-47,  had  the  effect  not  only  of  providing  for  the 
poor  during  a  time  of  great  trial  and  destitution, 


but  also  of  creating  habits  of  industry  and  independ- 
ence among  them.  The  memory  of  his  good  works 
is  warmly  cherished  by  the  people  of  that  district, 
and  many  anecdotes  of  the  earnestness  and  saintli- 
ness  of  his  life  may  still  be  heard  among  them.  Mr 
Macrae  continued  at  Oban  until  1852,  when,  at 
the  urgent  solicitation  of  the  United  Presbyterian 
Presbytery  of  Glasgow,  he  transferred  the  scene  of 
his  labours  to  that  city.  He  commenced  his  work 
in  Main  Street,  Gorbals,  where  he  built  up  a  large 
and  flourishing  church,  and  laboured  with  much 
success  until  1873,  when  he  moved  along  with  his 
congregation  to  a  new  church  in  Elgin  Street.  The 
jubilee  of  his  ministry  was  celebrated  in  Glasgow 
amid  many  signs  of  respect,  gratitude,  and  devotion 
by  his  congregation  and  numerous  friends  in  April, 
1876.  He  died  on  the  19th  of  July,  1881,  and 
was  buried  at  Craigton,  Glasgow.  He  had  married 
on  the  15th  of  April,  1828,  Margaret,  daughter  of 
Gilbert  Falconer,  of  Aberdeen,  and  sister  of  Forbes 
Falconer,  the  distinguished  Orientalist,  and  Professor 
of  Oriential  Languages  in  King's  College,  London, 
and  by  her  (who  died  on  the  29th  of  November, 
1874,  aged  seventy-four  years)  had  issue  as  below — 
1.  James  Gilbert,  born  at  the  Manse  of  Lathones 
in  1833;  was  at  Umballa,  in  India,  at  the  time  of 
the  Mutiny.  He  married,  but  without  issue,  and 
died  in  London  on  the  22nd  of  September,  1886. 

2.  Jane  Falconer,  born  at  the  Manse  of  Lathones 
in  1835.  At  a  pic-nic  party  on  the  Island  of  Ker- 
rara,  in  Argyllshire,  on  the  30th  of  July,  1875,  she 
slipped  down  a  steep  place,  ruptured  a  blood  vessel, 


and  died  on  the  hillside.      A  cross  was  erected  to 
mark  the  spot  where  she  expired. 

3.  Rev.  David,  who  is  now  one  of  the  hest  known 
and  ablest  of  the  ministers  of  Scotland,  was  born  at 
the  Manse  of  Lathones  on  the  9th  of  August,  1837, 
and  taken  to  Oban  when  he  was  only  seven  months 
old.  At  Oban  he  spent  his  boyhood,  and  received 
the  rudiments  of  a  liberal  education,  which  was 
afterwards  continued  at  the  Universities  of  Glasgow 
and  Edinburgh.  In  1859  he  was  lamed  for  life  by 
a  fall  on  Arthur  Seat.  A  serious  illness  followed, 
but  he  was  able  to  resume  his  studies  the  following 
year.  While  going  through  the  Theological  course 
of  the  United  Presbyterian  Hall  in  Edinburgh, 
he  travelled  abroad  between  the  Sessions,  and  to 
those  early  travels  he  no  doubt  owes  in  some  degree 
the  sympathetic  and  enlightened  knowledge  of  men 
and  things  which  has  formed  so  marked  a  feature 
both  of  his  public  life  and  of  his  writings.  He  was 
ordained  minister  of  th.e  United  Presbyterian  Church 
at  Gourock,  in  Renfrewshire,  on  the  9th  of  April, 
1872.  He  very  soon  came  into  prominence  as  a 
leading  man  in  his  own  denomination,  and  in  1873 
he  commenced  a  movement  which  resulted  in  a 
reform  of  the  United  Presbyterian  Theological  Hall. 
In  1876  he  commenced  another  movement  for  the 
Revision  of  the  Confession  of  Faith,  which  led  to 
the  adoption  of  what  is  now  known  in  Scotland  as 
the  Declaratory  Act,  first  by  his  own  denomination, 
afterwards  by  the  Presbyterian  Church  of  England, 
and  more  recently  by  the  Free  Chui-ch  of  Scotland. 
For  going  further  still,  and  demanding  a  right  to  set 


aside  the  dogma  of  eternal  punishment,  Mr  Macrae 
was  expelled  from  the  United  Presbyterian  Church, 
at  a  special  meeting  of  its  Supreme  Court  in  Edin- 
burgh, in  May,  1879.  In  the  meantime  he  had  been 
called  to  Dundee  as  successor  to  the  Rev.  George 
Gilfillan,  who  died  in  1878,  and,  on  being  expelled 
from  his  own  denomination,  the  call  was  renewed, 
Gilfillan's  congregation  declaring  itself  ready  to  leave 
the  denomination  with  him.  The  call  was  accepted, 
and  Mr  Macrae  commenced  his  ministry  in  Dundee 
in  October,  1879,  when  the  Rev.  Baldwin  Brown, 
Chairman  of  the  Congregational  Union  of  England 
and  Wales,  travelled  specially  from  London  to 
preach  the  induction  sermon.  In  Dundee  Mr 
Macrae  organised  a  large  congregation  of  more 
than  thirteen  hundred  members,  built  the  Gilfillan 
Memorial  Church,  and  laboured  there  for  eighteen 
years.  From  this  ministry  he  retired  in  November, 
1897,  and  is  now  living  in  Glasgow.  When  leaving 
Dundee,  he  was  presented  with  a  remarkable  testi- 
monial by  his  congregation,  and  with  a  public  address 
from  the  citizens,  which  was  presented  to  him  in  the 
Town  Hall  by  the  Lord  Provost.  In  1880,  and  sub- 
sequently, he  took  a  leading  part  in  the  movement 
for  the  maintenance  of  Scotland's  National  Rights,  in- 
cluding the  petition  addressed  to  the  Queen  in  1897, 
and  signed  by  over  one  hundred  thousand  Scottish 
people  of  all  ranks  and  classes,  protesting  against 
"the  violation  of  the  Treaty  of  Union  in  the  un- 
warrantable substitution  of  the  terms  'England'  and 
'English'  for  'Britain'  and  'British,'  even  in  official 
utterance  and  in  treaties  with  foreign  powers."     Mr 


Macrae  is  the  author  of  numerous  books  and  pamph- 
lets, including  The  Americans  at  Home,  originally 
published  in  two  volumes  by  Edmonston  &  Douglas, 
Edinburgh,  giving  the  results  of  his  observations 
during  a  long  tour  in  America,  from  Canada  to  the 
Gulf  States,  at  the  close  of  the  war,  and  when  the 
coloured  people  had  newly  emerged  from  slavery, 
— and  recording  also  his  interviews  with  Longfellow, 
Emerson,  Lowell,  Henry  Ward  Beecher,  General 
Grant,  Confederate  General  Lee,  and  other  noted 
soldiers  both  of  the  North  and  South.  This  book, 
which  was  most  favourably  reviewed  by  the  press, 
both  at  home  and  in  America,  has  passed  through 
several  additions,  and  has  been  translated  into 
French  and  Italian.  Amongst  his  other  works  are 
George  Harrington ;  Dunvarlich ;  Diogenes  among 
the  D.D.'s,  a  book  of  ecclesiastical  burlescmes,  be- 
ginning with  the  "  Trial  of  Norman  Macleod  for  the 
murder  of  Moses  Law ; "  Quaint  Sayings  of  Children ; 
Voices  of  the  Poets ;  Reminiscenes  of  George  Gil- 
fillcm;  Lectures  on  Robert  Burns;  New  Parables; 
&c.  Mr  Macrae  married,  on  the  23rd  of  February, 
1875,  Williamina  Burton  Craig,  without  issue. 

4.  Margaret  Forbes,  born  in  Oban  in  1839,  a 
lady  of  "  rare  gifts  and  far-reaching  sympathies." 
She  was  intimately  associated  in  after  years  with  her 
brother,  David,  in  his  work,  and  died  suddenly  of 
heart  disease  at  Maryland  House,  Glasgow,  on  the 
20th  of  October,  1881. 



The  Macraes  of  Wilmington. — Connection  with  the  Macraes  of 
Kintail. — Kuari  Donn. — His  Descendants. — General  William 

About  the  year  1770,  a  certain  Roderick  Macrae 
emigrated  from  Kintail  to  America,  and  landed  at 
Wilmington,  in  North  Carolina.  He  was  only  one 
of  many  who  left  Kintail  for  America  at  that  time, 
but  he  was  a  man  of  importance  among  them,  and 
his  descendants  have  since  occupied  a  prominent 
and  honourable  place  in  the  affairs  of  his  adopted 
country.  What  his  exact  connection  with  the  main 
stock  of  the  Clan  may  have  been  is  not  fully  known,1 
but  he  was  closely  related  to  the  Rev.  Donald 
Macrae,2  the  last  Episcopalian  Minister  of  Kintail. 
He  may  have  been  a  son  of  Alexander,  eldest  son  of 
the  Rev.  Donald,  or  he  may  have  been  a  son  of  Hugh,3 
youngest  brother  of  the  Rev.  Donald.  At  all  events, 
Hugh  is  said  to  have  had  a  son,  Roderick,  who  went 
to  America  about  1770  or  1774,  and  he  is  the  only 
Roderick  Macrae  of  whom  there  appears  to  be  any 

1  An  American  account  of  the  Macraes  of  Wilmington  says  that  they  are 
descended  from  a  certain  Rev.  Alexander  Macrae  of  Kintail,  who  had  two  Bons 
killed  at  Culloden.     This,  of  course,  is  incorrect,  and  is  clearly  a  mistake  for 
the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  who  had  two  sons  killed  at  Sheriffmuir. 
2  Page  76.        3  Page  132. 


record  as  having  gone  from  Kintail  to  America  about 
that  time.  The  Roderick  who  landed  at  Wilmington, 
and  of  whom  below,  is  said  to  have  been  accompanied 
by  a  brother  and  two  sisters,  viz. : — 

Philip  (or  Finlay),  who  is  said  to  have  served 
as  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Army  of  Prince  Charles 
in  1745,  and  who  cherished  such  a  hatred  of 
the  English,  in  consequence  of  the  atrocities  of 
the  Duke  of  Cumberland,  that  he  would  never  speak 
the  English  language,  but  spoke  only  Gaelic  as  long 
as  he  lived. 

Mary,  who  married  a  Macrae  (?)  with  issue,  and 
settled  in  Moore  County. 

Catherine,  who  married  Donald  Macrae,  who 
settled  with  his  family  in  Georgia,  where  their 
descendants  still  live. 

landed  at  Wilmington,  about  1770,  as  mentioned 
above.  Thence  he  proceeded  to  Chatham  County, 
and  lived  for  a  time  at  Pocket  Creek.  Soon  after- 
wards he  moved  to  Crane's  Creek,  in  the  same 
County,  and  eventually  settled  at  Little  Rockfish,  a 
few  miles  south  of  Fayetteville,  in  Cumberland 
County,  North  Carolina.  Roderick  married,  first, 
Catherine  Burke,  apparently  a  widow,  and  by  her 
had  issue — 

1.  Colin,  of  whom  below. 

2.  John,  settled  at  or  near  Augusta,  in  Georgia. 
He  married,  and  left  issue. 

Roderick  married,  secondly,  Christina  Murchison, 
with  issue. 

3.  John,  who  was  for  a  number  of  years  teller  of 

250          THE    HISTORY   OF   THE   CLAN   MACRAE. 

the  Commercial  Bank  of  Wilmington,  and  died  un- 
married in  1863. 

COLIN,  son  of  Roderick,  was  a  farmer  at  Little 
Rockfish,  where  all  his  family  were  born.  He  was  a 
man  of  sound  sense  and  good  education,  was  for 
many  years  a  prominent  Magistrate  of  his  County, 
and  "  was  esteemed  by  all  who  knew  him  as  an  in- 
dependent, upright,  and  honest  man."  He  married 
Christian,  daughter  of  Duncan  Black,  and  sister  of 
John  Black,  some  time  Sheriff  of  Cumberland  County, 
by  whom  he  had  issue  as  below.  He  died  at  a  very 
advanced  age  on  the  8th  of  July,  1865  — 

1.  Alexander,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Archibald,  born  on  the  17th  of  January, 

3.  Isabella,  born  on  the  9th  of  January,  1800. 

4.  Donald,  born  on  the  19th  of  January,  1802. 

5.  Anne,  born  on  the  26th  of  January,  1804. 

6.  John,  born  on  the  26th  of  July,  1806,  died 
in  1883. 

7.  Catherine,  born  on  the  6th  of  July,  1808. 

8.  Roderick,  born  on  the  11th  of  October,  1810, 
died  in  1882. 

ALEXANDER,  son  of  Colin,  was  born  at  Little 
Rockfish,  North  Carolina,  on  the  26th  of  March, 
1796.  When  he  was  about  eighteen  years  of  age  he 
moved  to  Wilmington,  where  he  engaged  in  various 
pursuits.  He  was  for  many  years  president  of  the 
Wilmington  and  Weldon  Railroad  Company,  and 
being  a  man  of  great  energy  and  much  public  spirit 
was  connected  with  most  of  the  affairs  of  Wilmington 
during   his   long,  useful,  and  honourable  life.     He 


volunteered  as  a  private  in  the  war  of  1812-14,  was 
soon  made  Sergeant,  and  was  about  to  be  promoted 
to  a  lieutenancy  when  the  war  ended.  When  the 
War  of  Secession  broke  out  in  18G1,  although 
he  was  then  sixty-five  years  of  age,  he  was 
called  upon  because  of  his  popularity  and  influence 
to  raise  a  company  to  aid  in  the  defence  of 
Wilmington.  So  ready  was  the  response  to  his 
appeal  for  recruits  that  instead  of  a  company  he 
raised  a  whole  battalion,  which  became  known  as 
"  Macrae's  Battalion  of  Heavy  Artillery,"  and  which 
served  under  him  with  much  distinction  throughout 
the  war.  He  died  at  Wilmington  on  the  27th  of 
April,  1868. 

Alexander  married  first,  on  the  30th  of  April, 
1818,  Amelia  Ann,  daughter  of  John  Martin.  She 
died  on  the  24th  of  August,  1831,  leaving  issue — 

1.  John  Colin,  born  at  Wilmington,  on  the  10th 
of  March,  1819,  was  a  Colonel  in  the  Confederate 
Army,  and  died  unmarried  on  the  9th  of  February, 

2.  Archibald,  born  at  Smith ville,  on  the  21st  of 
September,  1820,  was  a  Lieutenant  in  the  United 
States  Navy,  and  died  on  the  17th  of  November,  1855. 

3.  Alexander,  born  at  Wilmington,  on  the  1st 
of  March,  1823,  and  died  on  the  18th  of  December, 
1881.      He  married  Elizabeth  Chambers,  with  issue — 

a.  Caroline  Amelia. 

I).  Elizabeth,  married  J.  Fairfax  Payne,  with  issue. 

4.  Donald,  born  at  Wilmington  on  the  14th  of 
October,  1825,  and  died  on  the  15th  of  September, 
1892.     He  married,  first,  Mary  Savage,  with  issue — 


a.  Mary  Savage,  born  on  the  11th  of  December, 
1851,  and  died  on  the  10th  of  May,  1896. 

He  married,  secondly,  Julia  Norton,  with  issue — 

b.  Norton,  died  in  childhood. 

c.  Agues,  born  on  the  20th  of  November,  1859, 
married  Walter  Linton  Parsley,  with  issue — 

cl.  Julia,  born  on  the  2nd  of  March,  1882. 

c2.  Anna,  born  on  the  14th  of  January,  1886. 

c3.  Mary,  born  on  the  25th  of  March,  1890,  died 
in  infancy. 

c4.  Walter  Linton,  born  on  the  12th  of  January, 
1892,  died  on  the  8th  of  December,  1897. 

c5.  Donald  Macrae,  born  on  the  5th  of  October, 

d.  Donald,  born  on  the  3rd  of  May,  1861,  now 
living  at  Wilmington,  and  by  whom  most  of  this 
information  about  the  Macraes  of  Wilmington  was 
communicated  to  the  author  in  1898. 

e.  Julia,  born  on  the  15th  of  December,  1862, 
died  in  infancy. 

/  Hugh,  born  on  the  30th  of  March,  1865,  now 
living  in  Wilmington.  He  married  Rena  Nelson, 
with  issue — 

/l.   Dorothy,  born  on  the  26th  of  December,  1891. 

f'l.  Nelson,  born  on  the  5th  of  June,  1893. 

fi.  Agnes,  born  on  the  7th  of  October,  1897. 

5.  Henry,  born  at  Wilmington  on  the  8th  of 
May,  1829.  He  was  a  Major  in  the  Confederate 
Army,  and  died  on  the  22nd  of  April,  1863.  He 
was  married  and  left  issue — Alice  ;  Mary. 

Alexander  married,  secondly,  on  the  15th  of 
March,  1832,  Anna  Jane,  daughter  of  John  Martin 


(his  first  wife's  father)  and  his  wife,  Zilpah  Mac- 
Clammy,  and  by  her,  who  died  on  the  17th  of 
October,  1842,  aged  thirty-five  years,  had  issue — 

6.  Robert  Burns,  born  at  Wilmington  on  the 
15th  of  December,  1832.  He  was  a  Major  in  the 
Confederate  Army,  and  died  on  the  28th  of  Decem- 
ber, 1864.     He  was  married,  but  left  no  issue. 

7.  William,  born  at  Wilmington  on  the  9th  of 
September,  1834.  He  was  a  Brigadier-General  in  the 
Confederate  Army,  and  one  of  its  most  distinguished 
soldiers.  At  an  early  age  he  displayed  great  apti- 
tude for  mathematics  and  mechanics,  and,  having 
received  an  excellent  education,  he  took  up  the 
profession  of  Civil  Engineer.  In  this  capacity  he 
was  employed  for  some  time  in  surveying  lines  for 
projected  railways  in  North  and  South  Carolina,  and 
also  in  Florida.  On  the  outbreak  of  the  war  between 
North  and  South,  in  1861,  he  volunteered  as  a  pri- 
vate, but  was  soon  elected  Captain  of  a  company  of 
the  Fifteenth  North  Carolina  Regiment,  which  was 
placed  at  first  in  General  Cobb's  Brigade,  and  trans- 
ferred the  following  year  to  General  Cook's  Brigade. 
Macrae  was  promoted  Lieutenant-Colonel  in  1862, 
Colonel  in  1863,  and  Brigadier-General  in  August, 
1864.  His  brigade  consisted  of  five  North  Carolina 
regiments,  and  had  already  become  famous  in  the 
war.  Macrae  never  left  it  from  the  day  he  took  over 
the  command  of  it  until  the  fighting  ceased,  with  the 
surrender  of  General  Lee,  at  Appomattox  on  the  9th 
of  April,  1865.  Under  his  command  it  attained  the 
very  highest  degree  of  discipline  and  efficiency,  and 
so  unbounded  was  the  confidence  of  the  men  hi  their 

254         THE    HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

leader,  that  they  considered  no  foe  too  numerous  to 
be  attacked,  nor  any  position  too  strong  to  be 
assailed,  if  the  order  came  from  General  William 
Macrae.  He  fought  in  almost  all  the  great  battles 
of  the  war,  and  was  repeatedly  complimented  by 
General  Lee  in  general  orders  for  personal  valour 
and  able  handling  of  his  troops.  At  the  battle  of 
Malvern  Hill,  he  led  into  action  a  regiment  three 
hundred  strong,  and  came  out  with  only  thirty-five. 
At  the  battle  of  Fredericksburg,  he  was  posted  on  a 
hill  under  terrific  fire,  but  held  the  ground  though 
he  lost  nearly  half  his  men.  He  was  in  the  great 
battles  of  the  Wilderness  in  May,  1863.  At  the  battle 
of  Ream's  Station,  on  the  25th  of  August,  1864,  he- 
captured  nine  pieces  of  artillery  and  more  men  than 
he  had  in  his  own  command.  In  April,  1865,  when 
General  Lee,  with  the  remnants  of  his  brave  army,  was 
attempting  to  make  his  way  from  Petersburg  to  the 
mountains,  Macrae's  Brigade  covered  the  retreat 
near  Farmville,  and,  while  advancing  towards  Appo- 
mattox, where  preparations  for  surrender  were 
already  being  made,  he  attacked  and  drove  off  a 
Northern  force  which  had  fallen  on  the  waggon 
trains.  This  is  said  to  have  been  the  last  fight  in 
Virginia,  and  his  brigade  was  the  last  of  the  Con- 
federate troops  to  stack  arms  and  surrender.  General 
Macrae  was  undoubtedly  a  soldier  of  the  highest 
order,  and  a  born  leader  of  men,  possessing  in  an 
eminent  degree  the  power  of  imparting  his  own 
courage  and  enthusiasm  to  others.  Though  indif- 
ferent to  danger  himself,  he  was  most  careful  of  the 
jives  of  the  soldiers  who  fought  under  him  and  were 


always  ready  to  follow  him  with  implicit  trust.  He 
was  a  stern  disciplinarian,  yet  not  one  murmur  was 
ever  heard  in  his  brigade  against  the  most  stringent 
orders  issued  by  him.  "  It  was  said  of  his  company, 
when  he  was  Captain,  that  it  was  the  best  company 
in  the  regiment.  It  was  said  of  his  brigade,  when 
he  was  Brigadier-General,  that  it  was  the  best 
brigade  in  the  division.  It  was  truthfully  said  of 
Macrae  that  the  higher  he  rose  the  more  magnificent 
his  character  appeared."  1 

After  the  close  of  the  war  General  Macrae  filled 
some  important  appointments  as  superintendent  of 
railways.  In  these  positions  he  displayed  the 
highest  order  of  ability,  both  as  an  engineer  and 
as  an  organiser  of  men,  and  was  widely  known 
and  universally  respected  as  a  man  of  humane  and 
generous  disposition,  and  wide  and  enlightened 
sympathies.  He  died  unmarried  at  Augusta,  Georgia, 
on  the  11th  of  February,  1882,  and  was  buried  at 

8.  Marion,  born  on  the  30th  of  November,  1835, 
died  in  childhood. 

9.  Roderick,  born  on  the  13th  of  September,  1838. 

10.  Walter  Gwyn,  born  on  the  27th  of  January, 
1841,  Captain  in  the  Confederate  Army. 

Alexander  married,  as  his  third  wife,  Mary 
Herring,  without  issue,  and  as  his  fourth  wife, 
Caroline  A.  Price,  also  without  issue. 

1  Memorial  Address  on  General  William  Macrae,  delivered  at  Raleigh, 
North  Carolina,  by  the  Honourable  B.  H.  Bunu. 

2  The  above  sketch  of  the  career  of  General  William  Macrae  is  compiled 
mainly  from  a  "  Memorial  Address  "  delivered  at  Wilmington,  North  Carolina, 
on  the  10th  of  May,  1890,  by  the  Honourable  Charles  M.  Stedmau,  and  from. 
Uie  Rev.  David  Macrae's  book  on  "The  Americans  at  Home," 



Ian  Mac  Fhionnla  Mhic  Ian  Bhuidhe. — A  Sheriffinuir  Warrior. — ■ 
His  Descendants. 

Among  the  Kintail  warriors  who  fought  at  Sheriff- 
muir,  and  around  whose  names  have  gathered  tradi- 
tions of  that  fatal  day,  was  a  certain  John  Macrae, 
known  as  Ian  Mac  Fhionnla  Mhic  Ian  Bhuidhe 
(John,  son  of  Finlay,  son  of  Yellow  John).  In  the 
course  of  the  fight,  he  received  no  fewer  than  seven 
sword  cuts  on  his  head,  and  was  left  for  dead  on 
the  field.  But  during  the  night  he  revived,  and 
resolved  to  make  an  effort,  under  cover  of  the  dark- 
ness, to  commence  the  homeward  journey.  Having 
had  the  misfortune  to  lose  his  shoes  in  the  battle,  he 
began  to  search  for  another  pair  with  which  to  equip 
himself  for  the  journey,  and  while  thus  engaged,  came 
across  Duncan  Mor  Mac  Alister,1  who  was  lying  near 
him  mortally  wounded,  and  suffering  from  intense 
thirst.  John  recognised  him  by  his  voice,  and  having 
no  other  means  of  fetching  water,  he  took  one  of 
Duncan's  shoes  and  brought  him  a  drink  in  it. 
Before  Duncan  expired  he  gave  John  an  account  of 
how  he  received   his  wounds,  and  this  account  is 

1  Page  198, 


still  preserved  in  the  traditions  of  the  Clan.1 
John  recovered  from  his  own  wounds,  and  made 
his  way  back  to  Kintail,  where  he  lived  to  a 
very  advanced  age.  He  was  a  great  hunter,  and 
possessed  a  famous  gun  called  An  Nighean  Alainn 
(the  beautiful  daughter),  which  he  always  carried 
with  him,  even  in  his  old  age,  wherever  he  went. 
On  one  occasion,  as  he  was  passing  down  the  hills, 
probably  about  Scatwell,  on  his  way  to  Brahan 
Castle,  he  observed  a  magnificent  stag,  which  he  shot 
and  carried  on  his  shoulders  all  the  way  to  Brahan 
as  a  present  to  Seaforth.  John  was  married,  and 
had  issue  at  least  one  son, 

DONALD,  who  was  a  soldier,  and  was  killed  in 
battle  in  the  Netherlands,  probably  at  Fontenoy,  in 
1745.     He  was  married,  and  left  one  son, 

DUNCAN,  who  married,  and  left  also  an  only  son, 

JOHN,  who  was  twice  married.  By  his  first  wife 
he  had  a  large  family,  all  of  whom  went  to  Canada 
and  settled  in  the  district  of  London.  By  his  second 
mai'riage  also  he  had  a  family,  the  eldest  of  whom  was 

ALEXANDER,  who  lived  at  Dornie,  and  went 
to  Australia  in  1852.  He  married  in  1842  Christina, 
daughter  of  Donald  Macmillan  (a  connection  of  the 
Torlysich  familv),  and  his  wife,  Helen,  daughter  of 
Alexander,  son  of  Farquhar  Macrae,  a  younger  son  of 
the  Inverinate  family,2  and  by  her  had  issue — 

1  See  chapter  on  legends  and  traditions  of  the  clan. 

2  A  comparison  of  dates  leads  to  the  conclusion  that  Alexander,  the  grand- 
father of  the  above-mentioned  Christina,  who  married  in  1842,  could  hardly 
have  been  Alexander,  son  of  Farquhar  of  Morvich,  mentioned  on  page  84  as 
having  been  present  at  the  affair  of  Ath  nan  Muileach  in  1721.  He  might 
possibly  have  been  a  grandson  of  Farquhar  of  Morvich,  that  is  to  say,  a  son  of 
Farquhar  Og  (page  83),  son  of  Farquhar  of  Morvich,  younger  son  of  Alexander 
of  Inverinate. 


1.  John,  living  in  Victoria,  Australia,  married, 
with  issue,  four  sons  and  one  daughter. 

2.  Donald,  living  at  Gelantipy,  near  Melbourne, 
and  by  whom  the  information  contained  in  this 
chapter  was  communicated  to  the  author  in  1898. 
He  is  married  to  Agnes,  daughter  of  Hector  Armour 
of  Stewarton,  Ayrshire,  without  issue. 

3.  John  (the  younger),  living  in  Victoria. 

4.  Duncan,  living  in  Victoria. 

5.  Alexander,  living  in  Victoria. 

6.  Helen,  married  Angus  Gillies,  in  Victoria, 
with  issue. 



The  McCreas  of  Guernsey.— Descended  from  the  Macraes  of  Kin- 
tail— Connection  with  Ulster.— Emigrated  to  America.— Jane 
McCrea,  "The  Bride  of  Fort  Edward."— Major  Robert  McCrea 
in  the  American  War  of  Independence.— Governor  of  Chester 
Castle.  —  Connection  with  Guernsey.  —  His  Marriages  and 

The  McCreas  of  Guernsey  are  descended  from  the 
Macraes  of  Kintail,  and  their  connection  with  the 
main  branch  of  that  Clan,  though  now  lost,  was 
known  so  recently  as  sixty  or  seventy  years  ago.1 
This  connection  is  borne  out,  not  only  by  the  tradi- 
tions of  the  family,  but  also  by  their  personal 
appearance  and  features,  which,  in  many  instances, 
are  strikingly  typical  of  the  Macraes  of  Kintail. 
The  family  tradition  is  that  in  the  time  of  the 
Covenanters  a  certain  Macrae  of  Kintail,  who  had 
adopted  Puritanic  principles,  left  his  own  country, 
where  those  principles  were  held  in  great  disfavour, 
and  eventually  made  his  way  to  Ireland  and  settled 
among  the  Puritans  of  Ulster.     It  may  be  pointed  out 

lMra  Carey,  who  was  born  in  1819,  and  of  whom  mention  is  made  here- 
after, a  daughter  ot  Major  Robert  McCrea  of  Guernsey,  was  shown  her  own 
name  on  a  family  tree  while  on  a  visit  as  a  young  girl  to  the  country  house  of  a 
gentleman  uf  the  name  Macrae  in  Scotland.  Mrs  Carey  died  in  1878,  and 
there  does  not  appear  at  present  to  be  any  possibility  of  ascertaining  who  that 
gentleman  was, 


that  this  tradition  is  not  at  all  without  an  appearance 
of  probability,  for,  although  no  trace  of  Puritanism  ap- 
pears in  Kintail  until  well  into  the  eighteenth  century, 
yet  the  Macraes  of  Kintail  were  closely  associated 
with  Dingwall  during  the  whole  of  the  Covenanter 
period,  and  as  they  were  deeply  interested  in  the 
political  and  religious  movements  of  the  time,  it  is 
not  at  all  unlikely  that  some  of  them  might  come 
under  the  religious  influence  of  the  neighbouring 
family  of  Munro  of  Fowlis,  who  were  among  the  most 
active  supporters  of  the  Covenanter  movement  in  the 
Highlands,  and  to  whom  the  chief  Macrae  families 
of  the  time  were  closely  related.1  The  adoption  of 
Puritanic  principles  would,  of  course,  be  extremely 
distasteful  not  only  to  the  Macrae  vicars  of  Dingwall, 
but  also  to  the  leading  Macrae  families  of  Kintail, 
who  were  such  ardent  Episcopalians.  A  Macrae 
holding  such  principles  could  hardly  feel  comfortable 
among  his  own  people,  and  would  not  unnaturally 
seek  a  new  home  among  people  to  whom  his  views 
would  be  more  acceptable  than  they  were  to  his  own 
countrymen.  Whether  it  was  the  man,  who  left  the 
Highlands,  himself,  or  one  of  his  descendants  that 
afterwards  went  to  America,  is  uncertain,  but  it  was 
probably  one  of  his  descendants.  At  all  events, 
some  members  of  the  family  remained  behind  in 
Ulster,  where  their  descendants  are  still  living. 
There  is  a  tradition  among  the  McCreas  of  Guern- 
sey that  one  of  their  ancestors  took  part  in  the 
defence  of  Londonderry  during   the   famous    siege 

1  Appendix  F. — Alexander  Macrae  of  Inverinate  married  as  his  second  wife 
a  granddaughter  of  Hector  Munro  of  Fowlis,  who  died  in  1603, 


of  1689,  but  this  ancestor  may  have  been  on  the 
female  side,  as  there  is  a  further  tradition  of  some 
family  connection  with  the  Kev.  George  Walker,1 
who  organised  the  defence  of  Londonderry  on  that 
occasion,  and  was  afterwards  killed  at  the  Battle 
of  the  Boyne,  in  1690,  shortly  after  being  nominated 
to  the  Bishopric  of  Derry  by  King  William  III. 
From  Ulster  a  certain  William  McCrea2  emigrated 
to  America,  and  from  him  the  Guernsey  family  trace 
their  descent  as  below.  The  McCreas  of  Guernsey 
are  a  family  of  soldiers,  and  have  served  with  much 
distinction  in  every  war  we  have  been  engaged  in 
during  the  present  century.  There  is  perhaps  no 
other  family  in  the  United  Kingdom  that  has  held  a 
greater  number  of  commissions  in  the  Army  and  Navy 
during  the  reign  of  Queen  Victoria  than  the  descend- 
ants of  Major  Robert  McCrea  of  Guernsey. 

WILLIAM  McCREA  went  to  America  about 
1710  or  1715,  and  was  an  elder  in  White  Clay 
Creek  Church,  near  Newark,  Delaware.  His  watch 
and  seal  were  in  the  possession  of  his  descendants  in 
America  in  1831.  He  married  a  Miss  Creighton, 
and  had  a  son, 

THE  REV.  JAMES  McCREA,  who  was  born  at 
Lifford,  in  the  county  of  Londonderry,  in  Ireland, 

1  One  version  of  this  tradition  is,  that  the  Rev.  George  Walker  himself  was 
a  McCrea  by  birth,  and  that  the  surname  Walker  was  only  an  adopted  one. 

2  There  is  a  tradition  in  the  family  that  the  ancestor  who  Bed  from  Ross- 
shire  changed  his  name  from  Macra  or  Macrae  to  McCrea,  as  a  mark  of  his 
complete  religious  severance  from  his  family,  but  the  spelling  of  the  name  is  a 
matter  of  no  genealogical  consequence  whatever.  At  that  time  there  was 
frequently  no  fixed  spelling  of  names,  and  this  name  appears  in  various  forms, 
M'Crea  included,  in  Ross-shire  documents  of  the  period. 


before  his  father  left  that  country.  He  is  mentioned 
as  a  Presbyterian  Clergyman  of  Scotch  descent  and 
devoted  to  literary  pursuits.  He  married,  first,  a 
Miss  Graham,  who  was  dead  before  1754,  and, 
secondly,  Catherine  Rosebrooke,  who,  after  his  death, 
married  Richard  Macdonald.  She  died  in  July,  1813, 
and  was  buried  next  her  son  Philip  at  Sanaton.  By 
his  first  marriage  the  Rev.  James  had  issue — 

1.  John,  who  was  educated  for  the  law,  and 
settled  in  the  city  of  Albany.  "  A  man  highly 
respected  in  his  day."  He  was  a  Colonel  in  the 
American  Army  during  the  War  of  Independence, 
and  was  the  Colonel  John  McCrea  mentioned  in 
connection  with  the  murder  of  his  sister  Jane, 
of  whom  below.  He  died  in  May,  1811.  He  mar- 
ried Eva  Bateman,  by  whom  he  had  issue — 

a.  Sally,  who  was  dead  in  1831. 

6.  James,  a  Councillor  at  Law.  He  settled  on  a 
large  estate  at  Balston,  Central  Saratoga,  in  the 
Province  of  New  York,  about  1816,  and  was  alive  in 
1842,  but  appears  to  have  left  Balston  for  Ohio. 
He  married  and  had  issue — 

61.  John  Beckman  (or  Bateman),  who  was  a 
lawyer  at  Balston  in  1831. 

62.  James,  who  was  living  at  Balston  in  1831, 
and  was  then  twenty-four  years  of  age. 

63.  Catherine  Mary,  who  was  living  at  Balston 
in  1831,  and  was  then  eighteen  years  of  age. 

64.  Stephen,  who  was  also  living  at  Balston  in 
1831.  He  was  then  fourteen  years  of  age,  and 
was  the  possessor  of  a  watch  and  seal  which  had 
belonged  to  his  great-great-grandfather,  William 



2.  Mary,  who  married  the  Rev.  Mr  Hauna,  an 
American,  and  had  with  other  issue— 

a.  James,  who  was  "  settled  in  Pensylvania  "  in 
1816,  an  Attorney- General. 

b.  John,  who  was  a  "  Member  of  Congress."  He 
had  a  house  and  land  "  three  miles  south  of  Balston 
Spay  or  Springs,"  and  was  dead  in  1816. 

3.  William,  who  also  had  a  house  and  land 
three  miles  from  Balston  Spayor  Springs,  and  was 
dead  in  1816.  He  married  "General  Gordon's 
sister."  She  was  alive  in  1816,  and  had  two 
children,  one  of  whom  was  called 

a.  Maria.  She  married  a  Mr  Macdonald,  who 
was  dead  in  1833,  and  by  whom  she  had  two 
children,  who  appear  to  have  both  died  young.  She 
married,  secondly,  a  Mr  Staat,  apparently  without 
issue.     She  was  living  in  1842. 

4.  Jane,  died  young. 

5.  James,  who  was  born  in  1745.  He  lived  at 
Balston,  and  died  on  the  7th  May,  1826.  He 
married,  and  his  wife  was  dead  in  1816.  He  had 
issue,  at  least,  one  son, 

a.  John,  who  was  a  Clergyman  in  Ohio  in  1831, 
and  was  married  and  had  daughters. 

6.  Samuel,  married  a  Miss  Sloane,  of  New 
Jersey,  who  was  dead  in  1816.  He  settled  at 
Balston,  and  had  issue — 

a.  Samuel,  who  with  his  wife  and  four  daughters 
were  living  at  Balston  in  1842.  He  is  mentioned  in 
that  year  as  the  only  member  of  the  McCrea  family 
then  living  at  Balston.  According  to  another 
account,   there   were   descendants   of    the   McCrea 


family  still  living  at  Balston  and  in  other  parts  of 
the  State  of  New  York  in  1888.1  In  1842  he  had 
issue — Mary  Ann,  Caroline,  Elizabeth,  Jane. 

6.  William,  dead  in  1830. 

c.  John,  living  in  Virginia  in  1831. 

d.  Mary,  married  Judge  Betts. 

e.  Another  daughter,  unmarried  in  1831. 

7.  Gilbert,  married  a  Miss  Meshet,  and  had 
several  children.  He  settled  in  Kentucky,  and  was 
dead  in  1816.     His  widow  was  alive  in  1842. 

8.  Jane,  who  is  said  to  have  been  born  at  Bed- 
minster  (now  Leamington),  New  Jersey,  in  1753, 
though  there  is  some  reason  to  believe  that  she  was 
born  before  that  date.  She  is  known  as  "  The  bride 
of  Fort  Edward,"  and  was  killed  on  the  27th  of  July, 
1777,  at  Fort  Edward,  near  Albany,  on  the  Hudson 
River,  by  an  Indian,  under  circumstances  which  have 
given  her  name  a  very  prominent  place  in  Anglo- 
American  history.  She  is  described,  on  the  authority 
of  persons  who  knew  her,  as  "  a  young  woman  of 
great  accomplishments,  great  personal  attractions, 
and  remarkable  sweetness  of  disposition.  She  was 
of  medium  stature,  finely  formed,  and  of  a  delicate 
blonde  complexion.  Her  hair  was  of  a  golden  brown 
and  silken  lustre,  and,  when  unbound,  trailed  on  the 
ground."  It  would  be  quite  impossible  in  the  limited 
compass  of  the  present  notice  to  give  even  a  summary 
of  all  that  has  been  written  about  the  death  of  this 
young  woman,  or  of  the  various  versions  which  exist 
of  that  tragic   occuiTence.     The    outstanding  facts 

l  Appleton's  Cyclopaedia  of  American  Biography,  published  at  New  York 


are  as  follows  :— After  the  death  of  her  father,  Miss 
McCrea,  who  was  engaged  to  a  young  man  named 
David  James,  an  officer  in  the  British  Army,  appears 
to  have  lived  with  her  eldest  brother,  John,  who,  as  / 
already  mentioned,  was  a  Colonel  in  the  American 
Army.     As  a  natural  result  of  opposite  sympathies 
with  regard  to  the  war,  there  arose  an  estrangement 
between  Colonel  McCrea  and  David  James.1     Miss 
McCrea  resolved,  however,  to  remain  faithful  to  her 
lover,  and  when  the  time  appointed  for  their  marriage 
arrived,  he  sent  a  body  of  loyal  Indians  to  escort  her 
safely  from  her  home  to  the  British  Camp,  where  the 
marriage  was  to  take  place.     But  on  the  way  two  of 
the   Indians  appear  to  have  quarrelled  as  to  who 
should  have  the  honour  of   presenting  her  to  the 
bridegroom  and  receiving  the  promised  reward.     In 
the  course  of  the  quarrel  one  of  the  Indians  became 
furious,  and  resolving  that  if  he  himself  could  not 
receive    the   reward   neither   should    his   opponent, 
struck  Miss  McCrea  on  the  head  with  his  tomahawk, 
and  killed  her  on  the  spot,     He  then   carried  the 
scalp  of  his  victim  into  the  British  Camp,  where  it 
was  soon  recognised  by  the  length  and  the  beauty  of 
the  hair.     On  the  following  day  her  body  was  re- 
covered, and  buried  by  her  brother,  Colonel  John 
McCrea.     David  James   never  recovered  from    the 
shock    caused   by    the    tragic    death    of  his   bride. 
Shortly  afterwards  he  resigned  his  Commission   in 
the  Army,  and  though  he  lived  for  many  years  he 

1  In  "The  Tartans  and  the  Clans  of  Scotland,"  with  historical  notea  by 
James  Grant,  he  is  named  "Jones."  See  also  "Pictorial  Field  Book  of  the 
American  Revolution,"  by  B.  J.  Lossing. 


never  married.  Miss  McCrea's  remains  were  removed 
in  1852  to  the  Union  Cemetery,  between  Fort 
Edward  and  Sandy  Hill,  where  their  resting-place 
is  marked  by  a  marble  tombstone  erected  by  her 
niece,  Sarah  Hanna  Payne,  and  bearing  a  suitable 

9.  Stephen,  a  Surgeon-General  in  the  American 
Army.  He  married  a  Miss  Rudyers,  and  was  dead 
in  1816.  He  had  two  children,  one  of  whom  died 
young  ;  the  other,  a  daughter,  married  and  appears 
to  have  had  issue. 

By  his  second  marriage,  also,  the  Rev.  James 
McCrea  had  issue — 

10.  Robert,  of  whom  below. 

11.  Philip,  "killed  in  the  war."  He  married 
and  had  a  son  Philip,  who  was  living  in  Ohio  in 
1831,  and  had  a  daughter. 

12.  Creighton,  formerly  of  New  Jersey.  He 
was  a  Captain  in  the  75  th  Highlanders,  and  was  at 
the  capture  of  Seringapatam.  The  family  possesses 
a  jewelled  watch  said  to  have  been  given  to  Captain 
Creighton  by  Tippoo  Sahib.  He  also  served  on  the 
Loyalist  side  in  the  American  War  of  Independence, 
and  was  an  Ensign  in  the  1st  American  Regiment 
(or  Queen's  Rangers)  in  1782.  At  one  time  he 
resided  at  Guernsey,  where  he  made  a  will,  but  he 
died  in  America  on  the  10th  December,  1818. 

13.  Catherine,  who  married  a  Mr  Macdonald, 
son  of  a  Colonel  Macdonald,  of  the  British  Army, 
and  was  alive  in  Ohio  in  1842.  She  had  a  large 
family,  and  her  husband  was  "just  dead"  in  July, 


ROBERT,  son  of  the  Rev.  James  McCrea  by  his 
second  wife,  Catherine  Rosebrooke,  was  born  on  the 
2nd  November,  1754.  He  fought  on  the  Loyalist 
side  in  the  American  War  of  Independence,  and  was 
Major  in  the  1st  American  Regiment  (or  Queen's 
Rangers)  in  1782.  He  was  severely  wounded  at  the 
battle  of  Brandy  wine  in  1777,  and  received  a  "  pen- 
sion for  wounds."  He  was  for  some  time  Governor 
of  Chester  Castle,  and  in  1788  was  Captain  of  one 
of  six  Companies  of  Invalides  stationed  in  Guernsey. 
He  afterwards  became  Major  Commanding  the  5th 
Royal  Veterans.  He  is  mentioned  as  a  man  of  fine 
presence,  and  at  the  age  of  seventy-five  years  is 
said  to  have  looked  like  a  man  of  fifty.1  He  died 
at  Paris  on  the  2nd  July,  1835,  and  was  buried 
at  Pere  la  Chaise,  Paris.  He  married,  first,  Jane 
Coutart,  a  Guernsey  lady  of  Huguenot  descent,  who 
was  born  on  the  20th  December,  1767,  and  died 
on  the  8th  April,  1796.  He  married  secondly,  on 
the  12th  June,  1804,  Sophia  Le  Mesurier,  who 
was  born  on  the  23rd  January,  1780,  and  died  on 
the  8th  March,  1860.  She  was  a  sister  of  General 
William  Le  Mesurier,2  of  Old  Court,  Guernsey,  who 
served  in  the  Peninsular  War.  Major  McCrea  had 
issue  by  both  marriages  as  below.  By  the  first  wife 
he  had — 

1.  Catherine  Maria,  born  on  the  28th  Decem- 
ber, 1786,  mamed  Colonel  Frederick  Barlow,  of  the 
Sixty-First  (Gloucestershire)  Regiment,  at  the  head 

l  Letter  dated  1831. 
2  A  branch  of  these  Le  Mesuriers  were  formerly  Hereditary  Governors  of 
the  Island  of  Alderney. 

268         THE    HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

of  which  he  was  killed  at  the  Battle  of  Salamanca, 
on  the  22nd  of  July,  1812,  and  by  him  had  issue  one 

a.  Jane,  who  married  Philip  de  Sausmarez, 
Captain  R.N.,  a  younger  brother  of  the  Seigneur  de 
Sausmarez,  a  fief  for  centuries  in  the  possession  of 
the  family.1  Captain  Philip  de  Sausmarez  entered 
the  Royal  Navy  on  the  18th  of  June,  1823,  saw 
much  service,  including  the  China  War,  and  retired 
on  the  31st  of  March,  1866.  By  him  Jane  Barlow 
had  issue — 

a\.  Philip  Algernon,  born  1841,  Captain  West 
African  Mail  Service,  and  afterwards  Consul  at 
Rouen.     He  is  married,  and  has  issue — 

«2.  William  Howley,  born  1845,  died  young. 

aB.  Lionel  Andros,  born  1847,  entered  the  Royal 
Navy  1860,  Sub-Lieutenant  1866,  and  was  for  some 
time  engaged  in  the  suppression  of  the  slave  trade  in 
South  East  Africa.  He  was  present  at  the  Bombard- 
ment of  Alexandria  in  1882,  was  mentioned  in  des- 
patches, and  received  the  Egyptian  medal  with  the 
clasp  for  Alexandria,  the  Khedive's  bronze  star,  and 
the  Order  of  Osmanjeh  (fourth  class).  He  received 
special  promotion,  and  the  Albert  and  Royal  Humane 
Society's  medals  for  having,  while  acting  as  officer  of 
the  watch  on  the  1st  of  June,  1868,  on  H.M.S. 
Myrmidon,  lying  in  Banana  Creek,  River  Congo, 
jumped  overboard  into  the  shark-infested  river  and 
rescued  a  seaman  who  could  not  swim.     He  retired 

1  The  founder  of  the  De  Sausmarez  family  received  from  Henry  II.  the 
fief  of  Jerbourg,  in  the  Island  of  Guernsey,  and  was  appointed  hereditary 
Captain  of  Jerbourg  Castle,  which  was  situated  within  the  limits  of  the  fief. 


with  the  rank  of  Commander  in  1883.     He  married 
his    cousin,  Mary,  daughter    of  Frances    Charlotte 
McCrea  and  George  Bell,  and  has  issue- 
Lionel  Wilfred,  Lieutenant  in  the  King's  Royal 
Rifles,  and  daughters. 

ai.  Frederick  Barlow,  born  in  1849,  M.A.,  Pem- 
broke College,  Oxford, appointed  one  of  Her  Majesty's 
Inspectors  of  Schools  in  1878. 

2.  Mary  Augusta,  born  on  the  9th  of  February, 
1788,  married  at  Kinsale  on  the  27th  of  December, 
1814,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Chilton  Lambton  Carter,1 
of  the  Forty-Fourth  Regiment,  by  whom  she  had 
issue — 

a.  John  Chilton  Lambton,  Captain  in  the  Fifty- 
Third  Regiment,  sold  out  in  1852,  and  went  to  New 
Zealand.     He  married  and  left  issue. 

b.  William  Frederic,  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the 
Sixty-Third  Regiment,  Knight  of  the  Legion  of 
Honour  and  of  the  Order  of  Medjidie,  served  in  the 
Crimea  in  1854-5,  including  the  Battles  of  the  Alma, 
Balaclava,  and  Inkerman,  the  Expedition  to  Kerch, 
the  Fall  of  Sebastopol,  succeeding  to  the  command 
of  his  Regiment  at  the  last  attack  and  the  capture  of 
Kimburn.    He  married,  with  issue,  and  died  in  1867. 

3.  Rawdon  (so  named  after  his  godfather,  Francis 
Rawdon,  Marcruis  of  Hastings2),  born  on  the  5th  <>f 

1  Colonel  Carter  was  descended  from  Robert  Chilton  of  Houghtou-le- 
Spring,  who  married  Anne  Lambtou.-See  Burke's  Peerage,  Earl  of  Durham. 

2  Francis  Rawdon,  Marquis  of  Hastings,  known  successively  through  his 
career  as  Lord  Moira  and  Earl  of  London,  was  descended  from  Sir  Arthur 
Rawdon,  Bart,  of  Moira,  in  County  Down,  a  man  who  distinguished  himself  in 
the  defence  of  Londonderry  and  Euniskillen  in  the  reign  of  William  III.  The 
Marquis  of  Hastings  was  not  only  a  distinguished  soldier,  but  also  one  of  the 
most  eminent  of  our  Indian  statesmen.  Born  1754,  died  1825.  For  his  con- 
nection with  the  Macraes  of  Kintail,  see  page  137. 


April,  1789,  Captain  in  the  Eighty-Seventh  Regi- 
ment, served  in  the  Peninsular  War.  He  was  one 
of  the  storming  party  at  the  taking  of  Monte  Video 
in  1807,  where  he  received  five  wounds.  He  was 
killed  at  the  battle  of  Talavera  on  the  28th  of  July, 

4.  Robert  Coutart,1  born  on  the  13th  January, 
1793.  He  was  an  Admiral  in  the  Royal  Navy.  He 
was  at  the  battle  of  Trafalgar,  21st  October,  1805, 
on  H.M.S.  Swiftshire,  and  saw  much  other  service. 
He  married,  on  the  10th  of  April,  1822,  Charlotte, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Nicholas  Dobrde,  Rector  of 
Ste.  Marie-de-Castro,  Guernsey  (by  his  wife,  who 
was  a  sister  of  the  first  Lord  de  Saumarez),  and  by 
her,  who  died  on  the  8th  December,  1897,  in  her 
103rd  year,  had  issue — 

a.  Robert  Barlow,  born  on  9th  of  January,  1823, 
Major-General  Royal  Artillery.  He  was  present  in 
the  Revolution  in  Hayti,  in  1859,  when  he  landed  in 
command  of  three  batteries  of  the  Royal  Artillery 
and  a  detachment  of  the  Forty-First  Regiment,  for 
the  protection  of  Europeans.  For  his  conduct  on 
that  occasion  he  received  the  brevet  rank  of  Major, 
and  the  thanks  of  both  the  English  and  French 
Governments.  He  married,  on  the  9th  August, 
1850,  Harriet,  daughter  of  John  Maingay  of  Grange 
Villa,  Guernsey,  and  died  at  Ewell,  Surrey,  on  the 
11th  February,  1897.  He  was  buried  at  Candie 
Cemetery,  Guernsey. 

b.  Frances  Charlotte,  married  on  the  3rd  Febru- 

l  Admiral  MeCrea  acquired  land  in  Australia  known  as  McCrea  Creek, 
Victoria,  and  still  held  by  the  family. 


ary,  1848,  George  Bell,  of  The  Merrienne,  Guernsey, 
eldest  son  of  Thomas  Bell,  mentioned  below,  and 
died  on  the  11th  July,  1854,  leaving  issue— one 
daughter,  Mary,  who  married  her  cousin,  Com- 
mander L.  A.  de  Sausmarez,  as  already  stated. 

c.  James,  born  on  the  19th  of  February,  1825, 
a  Captain  in  the  Forty -Fifth  Regiment,  served 
in  the  Kaffir  Wars  of  1846-7  and  1852-3.  He  was 
Colonel  Assistant- Adjutant-General  of  the  Royal 
Guernsey  Militia,  and  died  at  Grange  Villa,  Guern- 
sey, on  the  2nd  September,  1885,  in  his  65th  year. 
He  married  Mary  Brock  Potenger,  and  by  her, 
who  died  at  Guildford  on  the  27th  January,  1886, 
had  issue — 

cl.  Victor  Coryton  Dobree,  died  in  infancy. 
c2.  De  la  Combe,  born  15th  March,   1857,  died 
unmarried  in  Ceylon  in  1878. 

c3.  Flora,  married  Henry  Roome,  with  issue. 
c4.  Constance,  died  unmarried. 
d.  Richard  Charles,  born  on  the  18th  of 
Apr.l,  1826,  Captain  in  the  Sixty-Fourth  Regi- 
ment. He  was  killed  in  action  near  Cawnpore  on 
the  28th  November,  1857.  He  is  mentioned  in 
Major-General  Windham's  despatch  on  that  occasion 
as  "  that  fine  gallant  young  man,"  and  was  promised 
the  Victoria  Cross,  had  he  lived  to  receive  it.  He 
married,  on  the  5th  June,  1850,  Anne  De  la  Combe, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Bell,  of  The  Merrienne,  Guernsey , 
and  by  her  had  issue — 

cZl.  Rawdon,  born    28th    February,    1851,    late 
Captain  28th  Regiment,  now  living  in  Guernsey. 
d2.  Julia,    married   Colonel   Anthony    Durand, 


Bombay  Staff  Corps,  who  served  in  the  Indian 
Mutiny,  1857-8;  Abyssinian  Expedition,  1867-8; 
and  the  Afghan  War,  1880.     She  died  in  India. 

d3.  Charles  Brooke  Potenger,  born  in  1855. 

e.  John  Dobree,  an  Admiral  in  the  Royal  Navy, 
saw  much  war  service,  including  the  Baltic,  1855 
(medal).  He  married,  on  the  9th  May,  1857,  Marion, 
daughter  of  J.  Anderson,  of  Cox  Lodge  Hall, 
Northumberland,  and  died  on  the  18th  March,  1883, 
leaving  issue — 

el.  Richard  Francis,  a  Major  in  the  Royal 
Artillery,  married  Mabel  Romney. 

e2.  Charles  Dalston,  died  young. 

e3.  Charles,  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Royal  Navy, 
died  at  Gibraltar  in  1896. 

e4.  John  Henry,  married  Olive  Macdonald,  with 
issue — John  Dobre'e,  died  young  ;  Lena  Marion, 
born  1893  ;  Francis  Dobree,  born  1894. 

eb.  Frederic,  died  young. 

e6.  Alfred  Cory  ton,  Lieutenant  Indian  Staff 
Corps,  served  in  the  Hazara  Expedition  in  1891, 
medal  with  clasp ;  and  in  Chitral  in  1895,  was  with 
the  Relief  Force  at  the  storming  of  the  Malakand 
Pass,  and  in  the  action  at  Khar — medal  with  clasp. 
He  married  Emma  Priestley. 

e7.  Florence  Marian. 

e8.  Mary  Evelyn,  married  Frederick  W.  D.  Fisher, 
of  the  India  Forest  Service. 

e9.  Frances  Edith,  died  in  1890. 

f.  Katharine  Carterette,  married  on  the  17th 
April,  1854,  Major-General  John  Cromie  Blackwood 
de  Butts,  R.E,,  son  of  the  late  General  Sir  A.  de 
Butts,  R.E.,  K.C.H.,  with  issue, 


/I.  Arthur  John,  born  1855,  M.D.,  formerly  Cap- 
tain Third  Royal  Guernsey  Light  Infantry  Militia, 
married  Alice,  daughter  of  Colonel  Martindale,  R.E., 
C.B.,  with  issue.  He  died  at  Folkestone  in  Febru- 
ary, 1898,  and  was  buried  at  Ewell,  Surrey. 

fi.  Katharine  Mary  McCrea,  born  in  1855, 
married,  in  1880,  Edward  Kenyon,1  Major  Royal 
Engineers,  with  issue — Herbert  Edward  ;  Roger  de 
Butts,  died  in  childhood  ;  Kenneth,  died  in  child- 
hood ;  Catherine  Mary  Rose ;  Ellen  Blackwood ; 
Winifred  Lillian  ;  Frances  Margaret. 

/3.  Harriet  Olivia,  born  in  1856,  married  E. 
Fairfax  Taylor,  Principal  Clerk  and  Taxing  Officer, 
House  of  Lords,  with  issue. 

/A.  Annie  Georgina  Louisa,  born  in  1858,  married 
Major  Norton  Grant,  R.E.,  with  issue. 

fb.  Alice  Maud  Martindale,  born  in  1860,  married 
Major  James  Henry  Cowan,  R.E.,  with  issue. 

/6.  Frederick  Robert  McCrea,  born  in  1863, 
Captain  Royal  Artillery,  served  in  the  Burmese  War 
in  1886-7,  was  with  the  Indian  Contingent  at  Suakim 
in  1896,  and  was  killed  in  action  at  the  Sampagha 
Pass,  on  the  North-West  Frontier  of  India,  on  the 
29th  of  October,  1897.  He  married  Katharine, 
daughter  of  Captain  Travers  of  the  Seventeenth 
Regiment,  with  issue. 

f7.  Brownlow  Stanley  Cromie,  born  in  1865, 
M.D.,  M.R.C.S. 

/8.   Isobel  Rhceta,  born  1867. 

/9.  Ellen  Dobree,  born  1872. 
g.  Rawdon,  died  young. 

1  See  Burke's  Peerage,  Kenyon. 


h.  Mary  Coutart,  married  on  the  10th  September, 
1856,  the  Eev.  Haydon  Aldersey  Taylor,  M.A.,  St 
John's  College,  Oxford,  Army  Chaplain,  who  served 
in  the  Crimea.  She  died  on  the  13th  of  September, 
1890,  leaving  issue — 

hi.  Lilian  Aldersey,  died  on  the  4th  of  June,  1873. 

hi.  Charlotte  McCrea,  married  Commander  Ed- 
ward Lloyd,  R.N. 

h3.  Anna  Katharine  De  Sausmarez. 

hL  Haydon  D' Aubrey  Potenger,  Major  in  the 
Gloucestershire  Regiment,  married. 

h5.  Oswald  Albon  Aldersey,  Captain  in  the  Duke 
of  Wellington's  Regiment,  married. 

h6.  Marion  Louise,  married  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Davidson,  of  the  Black  Watch. 

h7.  Harriette  Mary,  married  the  Rev.  William 
Philip  Hurrell,  M.A.,  Oriel  College,  Oxford,  St 
James'  Vicarage,  Northampton. 

h8.  Frances  Arabella  Joyce,  married  George 
Adams  Connor  of  Craigielaw,  Long  Niddry,  N.B. 

h9.  Coutart  De  Butts. 

hlO.  Leonora  Eliot. 

i.  Harriet  Amelia,  married,  on  the  4th  of  Sep- 
tember, 1861,  Bro wnlow  Poulter,  M.A,  Barrister-at- 
Law  of  Lincoln's  Inn,  a  Justice  of  the  Peace,  and 
formerly  Fellow  of  New  College,  Oxford,  and  has 
issue — 

il.  Rev.  Donald  Francis  Ogilvy,  M.A.,  of  Lin- 
coln College,  Oxford. 

i2.  Mabel  Catherine,  M.B.,  Ch.B. 

id.  Creighton  McCrea,  Captain  Indian  Staff 
Corps,  died  March,  1896. 


i4.  Aline  Marian. 

i5.  Arthur  Brownlow,  Cape  Mounted  Rifles. 
j'6.  Muriel  Alice. 

i7.  Douglas  Ryley,  Lieutenant  in  the  Royal 

1*8.  Julia  Harriette. 

i9.  Richard  Charles  McCrea,  solicitor. 

5.  Jane,  born  9th  March,  1794,  married  on  the 
5th  October,  1815,  Colonel  George  Augustus  Eliot, 
who  held  a  command  in  the  British  service  in  the 
American  War  of  1812,  believed  to  have  been  then 
attached  to  the  Royal  Engineers.  He  left  one  son, 
who  died  young. 

6.  James  Creighton,  died  in  infancy  in  1796. 
By  his  second  wife,  Sophia  Le  Mesurier,  Major 

Robert  McCrea  had  issue — 

7.  Sophia  Maria  Creighton,  born  on  the  19th 
June,  1805,  married  Sir  Charles  Payne,  Bart., 
Captain  25th  Regiment  of  Light  Dragoons,  with 
issue  one  son,  died  young. 

8.  Robert  Bradford,  born  on  the  18th  of  June, 
1807.  He  was  Captain  in  the  Forty-Fourth  Regi- 
ment, and  was  killed  at  Cabul  on  the  17th  of 
November,  1841.  He  married,  on  the  7th  of 
August,  1832,  Margaret  Bushnan,  and  had  issue— 

a.  Frederick  Bradford,  born  on  the  4th  of 
December,  1833,  a  Major  in  the  Eighth  (The 
King's)  Regiment,  who  served  at  the  taking  of 
Delhi  in  1857,  and  was  afterwards  present  in 
the  following  actions,  viz.,  Bohundshur,  Ackabad, 
Mynpoorie,  Battle  of  Agra,  actions  of  Karonge  and 
Alumbagh,     relief  of    the     garrison    of    Lucknow, 


battles  of  the  2nd  and  6th  December  at  Cawnpore, 
action  of  Fattehghur,  and  the  Oude  campaign  of 
1858.  Also,  was  in  command  of  details  of  a  force 
of  about  two  thousand  strong  at  Meerun-ka-Serai 
for  about  four  months,  and  prevented  the  Nana 
Sahib  and  Feroh-Shah,  the  son  of  the  King  of  Delhi, 
each,  on  two  occasions,  from  crossing  the  Ganges, 
and  so  getting  into  Central  India.  For  the  services 
rendered  on  those  two  occasions,  he  was  thanked  by 
the  General  Officers  of  three  Divisions.  He  has  the 
Indian  Mutiny  medal  with  clasps  for  Delhi  and  the 
Relief  of  Lucknow,  and  is  a  F.R.G.S.,  F.R.H.S.,  and 
F.I.I.  In  1871  Major  McCrea  founded  "  The  Army 
and  Navy  Co-operative  Society,"  of  which  he  has  been 
a  Managing  Director  ever  since,  and  with  a  capital  of 
£60,000  the  Society  has  up  to  the  31st  of  January, 
1898,  paid  in  bonuses  and  interest,  £1,297,508,  and 
accumulated  reserve  funds  amounting  to  £270,449. 
Major  McCrea  married,  on  the  24th  of  January,  1864, 
Frederica  Charlotte  (who  died  on  the  10th  of  June, 
1894),  only  daughter  of  Captain  John  Francis 
Wetherall,  41st  Regiment,  and  has  issue — 

a\.  Frederick  Augustus  Bradford,  born  on  the 
8th  of  October,  1865,  late  Captain  in  the  Hampshire 

«2.  Robert  George,  born  on  the  24th  of  Febru- 
ary, 1867. 

a3.  Francis  Bramston,  born  on  the  3rd  of 
November,  1868  ;  married,  on  the  2nd  October, 
1897,  Edith,  daughter  of  Charles  Arthur  Patton, 
Marpole  House,  Ealing. 

«4.  Henrietta  Mary,  born  on  the  3rd  of  June, 


b.  Osborn  Leith. 

c.  Henry  Nepean  died  young. 

9.  Henry  Torrens  (so  called  after  his  godfather, 
Sir  Henry  Torrens1),  born  15th  June,  1812,  Ensign 
2nd  Queen's  Royals,  was  drowned  at  Bombay  on 
the  21st  April,  1831,  unmarried. 

10.  Elizabeth  Carey,  born  10th  June,  1813, 
married,  on  the  14th  June,  1854,  William  Jones 
(an  author)  of  Brent  House,  Brentford,  Middlesex. 
He  was  Vice-Consul  at  Havre,  and  was  instrumental 
in  helping  the  flight  of  Louis  Philij^pe,  King  of  the 
French,  in  1848.  She  died  in  London  on  the  31st 
of  December,  1856,  without  issue. 

11.  Louisa  Creighton,  born  on  the  3rd  of  May, 
1816,  and  married  H.  M.  Arthur  Jones,  who  after- 
wards took  the  name  of  Owen,  a  Welsh  squire  of 
Wepre  Hall,  near  Flint.  Issue — Lewis,  who  died 

12.  Hale  Sheaff  (so  called  after  his  godfather, 
Sir  Hale  Sheaff),  born  on  the  17th  of  April,  1817, 
and  died  on  the  20th  September,  1820. 

13.  Martha  Eliza,  born  on  the  3rd  of  Decem- 
ber, 1819,  and  married,  on  the  29th  of  June,  1850, 
the  Rev.  Carteret  Priaulx  Carey,  M.A.,  Oxon,  eldest 
son  of  John  Carey2  of  Castle  Carey,  Guernsey.  She 
died  on  the  15th  of  April,  1878,  leaving  issue — 

1  Major-General  Sir  Henry  Torrens,  K.C.B.,  a  native  of  Londonderry,  who 
was,  in  1798,  Aide-de-Camp  to  Lieutenant-General  Wliitelock,  second  in  com- 
mand to  the  Earl  of  Moira  (Note,  page  269)  at  Portsmouth,  was  Secretary  to 
the  Duke  of  Wellington  during  the  Peninsular  War.  He  was  afterwards 
appointed  Adjutant-General,  and,  while  holding  that  office,  he  revised  t J n ■ 
Army  Regulations  and  introduced  many  important  improvements.  Born  1779, 
died  1828. 

2  The  Careys  of  Guernsey  have  held  a  leading  position  there  for  upwards 
of  six  hundred  years. 

278         THE   HISTORY   OE   THE   CLAN  MACRAE. 

a.  John  Herbert  Carteret  of  Castle  Carey,  Guern- 
sey, born  on  the  1 1th  of  April,  1851.  He  was  for  some 
time  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Sixtieth  Royal  Rifles,  after- 
wards Captain  and  Adjutant  First  Royal  Guernsey 
Infantry,  and  was  engaged  in  the  reorganisation  of 
the  Royal  Guernsey  Militia ;  retired  on  War  Office 
pension  as  Major  (Army  rank)  in  1894  ;  Honorary 
Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  Royal  Guernsey  Militia, 
1894.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Societe"  Jersiaise 
and  a  member  of  the  Council  of  the  Guernsey  His- 
torical and  Antiquarian  Society.  He  married,  on 
the  24th  of  February,  1877,  Isabella  Anne,  sole 
surviving  child  of  the  late  James  S.  Scott,  J.P., 
formerly  of  Lawnsdowne,  Queen's  County,  Ireland, 
with  issue,  twin  daughters,  Eleanor  Katherine  Ma- 
tilda and  Marguerite  Blanche  Isabel. 

6.  Abdiel  Archibald  McCrea,  born  on  the  4th  of 
July,  1852,  died  young. 

c.  Carteret  Walter,  born  on  the  13th  December, 
1853, Lieutenant  in  the  Seventy-Fourth  Highlanders, 
12th  November,  1873,  Equery  to  H.R.H.  the  Duchess 
of  Edinburgh  in  Malta,  Captain  1882,  Major  1890. 
He  served  in  the  Egyptian  Expedition  in  1882  as 
Adjutant  of  his  battalion,  and  was  present  at  the 
Battle  of  Tel-el-Kebir,  where  his  horse  was  wounded. 
He  received  the  Egyptian  War  medal  with  clasp, 
the  Khedive's  bronze  star,  and  the  Order  of 
Medjidie,  Fourth  Class.  In  1892,  out  of  eighty 
competitors,  he  received  the  first  prize — £100 — ■ 
awarded  by  Lord  Wolseley  for  the  best  essay  on 
the  "  Reorganisation  of  the  Volunteer  Forces."  He 
served  as  Second  in  Command  of  the  Second  Bat- 


talion  of  the  Highland  Light  Infantry  (74th  High- 
landers), in  the  North-West  Indian  Frontier  War, 
1897-98,  including  operations  against  the  Boners, 
commanding  the  infantry  in  the  reconnaisance  in 
the  Milandri  Pass,  operations  against  the  Mah- 
munds,  Pelarzais,  and  Shamozais,  and  was  with  the 
Reserves  during  the  operations  against  the  Utman 
Khels;  also  in  the  Bonewal  Campaign,  1898,  in- 
cluding storming  and  capture  of  the  Tangu  Pass, 
and  the  capture  and  occupation  of  Kingergali,  Jowar, 
Tursak,  and  Ambeyla.  He  married,  on  the  11th 
December,  1890,  Florence  Margaret,  daughter  of 
William  Ravenhill  Stock,  with  issue— Vera  Carteret 

d.  Samuel  Robert,  born  on  the   16th  of  March, 

1855,  died  young. 

e.  William  Wilfred,  born  on  the  23rd  of  August, 

1856.  Formerly  Major  in  the  First  Royal  Guernsey 
Light  Infantry  Militia.  He  was  appointed  Secretary 
to  the  British  Commissioners,  Egyptian  States 
Domains,  1882,  was  present  at  the  bombardment  of 
Alexandria,  and  was  attached  to  the  Intelligence 
Department  under  Sir  J.  Goldsmid  from  July  to 
September,  1882,  receiving  the  thanks  of  Her 
Majesty's  Government  for  his  services.  In  1883  he 
was  appointed  Inspector,  and  in  1897  Inspector- 
General  of  the  Egyptian  States  Domains.  He  holds 
the  Egyptian  War  medal,  the  Khedive's  bronze 
star,  the  Order  of  Osmanlieh,  Fourth  Class,  and  the 
Order  of  Medjidie,  Fourth  Class.  He  married,  in 
1880  Louisa  Sophia,  daughter  of  the  late  General 
Broadly  Harrison,  Colonel  of  the  Thirteenth  Hussars. 


14.  Charlotte,  born  on  the  9th  of  January, 
1822,  and  died  on  the  16th  of  January,  1884.  She 
adopted  the  three  orphan  children  of  her  brother, 
Herbert  Taylor. 

15.  Herbert  Taylor  (so  called  after  his  god- 
father, Lieutenant  -  General  Sir  Herbert  Taylor, 
K.C.B.),  born  on  the  3rd  of  May,  1827.  He  was  a 
Lieutenant  in  the  94th  Regiment  and  Paymaster 
in  the  43rd  Light  Infantry.  He  served  in  the 
Kaffir  War  1851-52-53.  He  married,  on  the  5th  of 
January,  1851,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Carey, 
Castle  Carey,  Guernsey,  and  died  at  the  Cape  of 
Good  Hope,  on  his  way  home  from  India,  on  the  8th 
of  April,  1855,  leaving  issue  as  below.  His  wife 
died  in  the  Neilgherry  Hills,  Kotagherry,  on  the 
28th  July,  1855— 

a.  Herbert  Carey  Howes,  born  on  the  28th  of 
October,  1851.  He  married  Maria,  daughter  of 
General  Rolandi,  of  the  Spanish  Army,  and  has 
issue — Constance  Isabella  Rolandi. 

b.  John  Frederick,  born  on  the  1st  of  April, 
1854,  at  Fort  George,  Madras.  He  was  Surgeon- 
Major  in  the  Cape  Mounted  Rifles.  He  saw  much 
service  in  the  Cape,  won  the  Victoria  Cross  in  the 
Basuto  War,  and  was  severely  wounded  in  the 
action  at  Twee  Fontein.  He  married,  in  1887,  Miss 
E.  A.  Watermeyer,  and  died  on  the  16th  July, 
1894,  without  issue. 

c.  Elizabeth  Charlotte,  born  on  the  20th  of 
June,  1855,  and  died  on  the  20th  of  December, 




A  Tradition  of  the  Time  of  Montrose.— Macraes  in  Galloway.— 
Alexander  Macrae  of  Glenlair  married  Agnes  Gordon  of 
Carleton.— Their  Descendants. 

There  is  a  tradition  to  the  effect  that  after  the 
defeat  of  Montrose  at  Philiphaugh,  near  Selkirk,  on 
the  12th  of  September,  1645,  two  Highland  brothers 
of  the  name  of  Macrae  who  served  in  his  army, 
sought  refuge  in  Galloway  because  it  was  the  nearest 
place  where  Gaelic  was  then  spoken.  There  they 
settled  down  and  prospered.  The  same  tradition 
relates  that  from  one  of  these  brothers  was  de- 
scended a  certain 

ALEXANDER  MACRAE,  who,  in  1744,  married, 
as  his  first  wife,  Agnes,  daughter  of  Alexander  Gor- 
don, fifth  of  Carleton,  by  his  wife  Grizzell,  daughter 
of  Sir  Alexander  Gordon,  Baronet  of  Earlston,1  by 
his  wife  Marion,  daughter  of  Alexander  Gordon, 
fifth  Viscount  Kenmure,  and  sister  of  William,  Earl 
of  Kenmure,  who  was  executed  in  1716.  Agnes 
Gordon  brought  him  as  her  dowry  the  farm  of 
Glenlair,  in  the  parish  of  Parton,  in  Kirkcudbright 
He  is  said  to  have  married  three  other  wives,  and 
to  have  had  issue,  at  least  by  some  of  them.  By  his 
first  wife,  Agnes  Gordon,  he  had  a  son, 

i  See  Burke's  Peerage  and  Baronetage,  Gordon  of  Earktou. 


ALEXANDER,  born  in  1745,  in  the  parish  of 
Parton,  in  Kirkcudbright,  of  Moreland  estate,  in  the 
Island  of  Jamaica,  where  he  lived  for  many  years. 
He  married,  on  the  17th  of  September,  1767,  Mary, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Harvie,  Professor  of  Greek  in 
the  University  of  Glasgow,  and  by  her,  who  died  in 
Jamaica,  and  was  buried  at  Old  Harbour,  parish  of 
St  Dorothy,  had  issue  as  below.  Alexander  himself 
died  in  Edinburgh  on  the  14th  of  March,  1796,  a 
few  months  after  his  return  from  Jamaica — 

1.  William  Gordon,  of  whom  next. 

2.  Alexander,  a  Captain  in  the  First  Royals. 

3.  James,  in  the  Thirteenth  Light  Dragoons, 
killed  at  Martinique  in  1821. 

4.  Thomasine  married  the  Rev.  Mr  Maddison. 

WILLIAM  GORDON  McCRAE1  was  born  near 
Ayr  in  1768.  He  married  Margaret  Morison,2  who 
was  descended  from  the  family  of  Lord  Forbes  of 
Pitsligo,  and  by  her  had  issue — 

1.  Mary  Harvie,  born  1797,  married  Dr  Cob- 
ham,  Barbadoes,  with  issue — 

a.  Francis  McCrae  married,  with  issue. 

b.  Richard  married,  with  issue. 

1  He  changed  the  spelling  of  the  name  from  Macrae  to  McCrae. 

2  Margaret  Morison  was  connected  with  the  Pitsligo  family  as  follows  : — • 
Rev.  John  Forbes  (horn  1643,  died  1708),  described  on  a  marble  slab  on  the 
wall  of  the  old  church  of  Kincardine  O'Neill,  Aberdeenshire,  as  of  the  noble 
family  of  Pit*liuri>  (ex  nubile  I  >oiniii'>ru!n  tie  Pits]i'_r"  nriuiiilu-  familia),  married 
Margaret  Strachan,  and  had  issue  one  daughter,  Nichola  Helen,  who,  on  the 
30th  October,  1707,  married  John,  youngest  son  of  Sir  John  Forbes,  Bart,  of 
Craigievar,  and  had  a  daughter,  Margaret  (baptised  17th  October,  1710),  who 
married  George  Herdsman,  factor  to  the  Earl  Marischal,  and  had  a  daughter, 
Mary  (born  on  the  28th  of  July,  1740),  who  married  Andrew  Morison,  Clerk 
to  the  Court  of  Session,  and  had,  with  other  issue,  the  above-mentioned 
Margaret,  who  married  William  Gordon  McCrae. 


c.  Elizabeth  married  Hon.  Mark  Nicholson,  with 

d,  Mary  married  Hon.  James  Graham,  with  issue. 
2.  Alexander,   born    in   1799,   Captain  in  the 

Eighty-Fourth  Regiment,  commanding  the  Grenadier 
Company,  and  afterwards  Postmaster-General  of 
Victoria,  in  Australia.  He  married  Susanna  Dan- 
nay,  with  issue — 

a.  Alexander  died  unmarried. 

b.  George  died  unmarried. 

c.  Margaret  married  Edward  Graham  without 

d.  Sarah  Agnes  married  Dr  W.  G.  Howitt  with 
issue  :— Sarah  Muriel  Susanna  ;  Phoebe  ;  Godfrey  ; 
William  Godfrey  ;  Alexander  McCrae  ;  John  Bake- 
well  ;  George  Ward  Cole  ;  Charles  Hugh. 

e.  Katherine  Susannah  married  Thomas  W. 
Palmer  with  issue  :— Catherine  Wrangham  married 
H.  R.  Anthony ;  Ethel  McCrae  married  George 
Ogle  Moore ;  Agnes  McCrae  married  Charlton 
Howitt ;  Margaret  Annie. 

/  Mary  Harvie  married  W.  F.  Freeman  with 
issue  :  _  Susanna  McCrae  ;  Clara  Annie  married 
George  Jennings  ;  Alfred  William  ;  Marion  Kate  ; 
Harry  Randall. 

g.  William  Gordon  died  unmarried. 

/i,.  John  Morison,  born  1848,  now  living  at  Perth, 
West  Australia,  and  by  whom  this  information  about 
his  own  family  was  communicated  to  the  author  in 
1898.  He  married,  first,  in  1870,  Eleanor  Harrison 
Atkin,  with  issue— Alexander  ;  John  Morison.  He 
married,  secondly,  in  1893,  Bessie  Fraser  Brock, 
widow  of  F.  A.  Brock. 


i.  Union  Rose  died  in  infancy. 

j.  Thomasanne  Cole  married  Maurice  Blackburn 
with  issue  : — Maurice  McCrae  ;  James  ;  Gertrude  ; 

h.  Agnes  Bruce  married  George  Loughnan  with 
issue  : — Marion  ;  Muriel ;  John  Hamilton  ;  George 
Richmond  ;    Agnes  ;  Valory. 

3.  Andrew  Murison,  born  in  1800.  He  was  a 
Writer  to  the  Signet  in  Edinburgh,  and  practised 
for  some  time  as  a  Parliamentary  Agent  in  London. 
He  went  to  Australia  in  1838.  On  arriving  in 
Melbourne  (after  staying  some  time  in  Sydney)  he 
was  admitted  a  solicitor,  and  practised  there  for 
several  years.  He  was  afterwards  a  Stipendiary 
and  Police  Magistrate,  and  in  that  capacity  served 
on  several  stations.  He  was  also  a  Warden  of  the 
Gold  Fields,  a  Commissioner  of  Crown  Lands,  and 
Deputy  Sheriff.  He  died  in  1874.  He  married,  in 
1830,  Georgina  Huntly  Gordon,  and  by  her,  who 
died  on  the  24th  of  May,  1890,  aged  eighty-six 
years,  had  issue — 

a.  Margaret  Elizabeth  Mary,  born  in  1831,  died 

b.  George  Gordon,  born  in  Scotland  in  1833,  a 
retired  Civil  Servant,  now  living  at  Hawthorn,  near 
Melbourne,  and  by  whom  most  of  the  information 
contained  in  this  chapter  was  communicated  to  the 
author  in  1896.  Mr  George  Gordon  McCrae  is  a 
poet  of  recognised  merit  and  standing.  He  married 
Augusta  Helen  Brown,  with  issue. 

c.  William  Gordon,  born  in  Scotland  in  1835, 
now  living  in  West  Australia. 


d.  Alexander  Gordon,  born  in  Scotland  in  183G, 
now  living  in  New  South  Wales. 

e.  Farquhar  Peregrine  Gordon,  born  in  England 
in  1838,  Inspector,  Bank  of  Australasia,  Sydney, 
New  South  Wales.  He  married  Emily  Aphrasia 
Brown,  and  has  issue. 

f.  Georgina  Lucia  Gordon,  born  in  Australia  in 
1841,  married  Robert  Hyndman,  with  issue. 

g.  Margaret  Martha,  born  in  Australia,  married 
Nicholas  Maine,  with  issue — Margaret  Isabella. 

h.   Octavia  Frances  Gordon,  born  in   Australia, 
married  George  Watton  Moore,  with  issue. 
i.   A.gnes  Thomasina,  died  in  infancy. 

4.  Agnes,  born  1802. 

5.  John  Morison,  born  in  1804,  Lieutenant 
Seventeenth  Native  Infantry,  Bengal. 

6.  Farquhar,  born  in  180fi,  Sui'geon  in  the 
Enniskillen  Dragoons.  He  afterwards  went  to 
Australia,  and  died  in  Sydney.  He  married  Agnes 
Morison,  with  issue. 

7.  Agnes,  born  in  1808,  married  William  Bruce, 
and  had  issue. 

8.  Thomas  Anne,  born  in  1810,  married  Com- 
mander George  Ward-Cole,  R.N.,  with  issue. 

9.  Margaret  Forbes,  born  in  1812,  married  Dr 
David  John  Thomas,  with  issue. 



Legends  and  Traditions  of  the  Clan  Macrae. — How  the  Macraes 
first  came  to  Kintail. — How  St  Fillan  became  the  Greatest  of 
Physicians  and  made  the  Inhabitants  of  Kintail  Strong  and 
Healthy. — How  Ellandonan  Castle  came  to  be  built. — How 
Donnacha  Mor  na  Tuai.jh  fought  at  the  Battle  of  Park. — 
How  the  Great  Feud  between  Kintail  and  Glengarry  began. — 
How  Ian  Breac  Mac  Mhaighster  Fearachar  made  Lochiel 
retract  a  vow  against  the  Men  of  Kintail. — Tradition  about 
Muireach  Fial. — Tradition  about  Fearachar  Mac  Ian  Oig. — 
Tradition  about  the  Glenlic  Hunt. — Traditions  about  Donnacha 
Mor  Mac  Alister. — Traditions  about  Eonachan  Dubh. — How 
Ian  Mor  Mac  Mhaighster  Fionnla  killed  the  Soldiers. — A 
Tradition  of  Sherift'muir. — How  a  Kintail  Man  was  innocently 
hanged  by  the  Duke  of  Cumberland. — Some  Macrae  Traditions 
from  Gairloch. 

Like  every  other  clan,  the  Macraes  of  Kintail  had 
their  own  legends  and  traditions,  and  in  olden  time 
their  country  was  more  than  usually  rich,  even  for 
the  Highlands,  in  poetry,  legend,  and  historic  lore. 
It  was  formerly  a  well-known  and  universal  custom 
in  the  Highlands  for  the  people  of  a  township  to 
meet  together  in  some  central  house  in  the  long 
winter  evenings,  and  pass  much  of  the  time  in 
singing  songs  and  reciting  tales.  This  custom,  which 
has  survived  to  a  certain  extent  in  some  districts 
down  to  our  own  times,  was  called  the  Ceilidh,  a 
word  which  means  a  meeting  for  social  intercourse 


and  conversation,  and  it  is  needless  to  say  that  at 
such  meetings  the  Seanachaidh  or  reciter  of  ancient 
lore,  who  could  relate  his  tales  in  fluent,  sonorous 
language,  and  with  a  due  admixture  of  homely, 
dramatic  dialogue,  a  thing  to  which  the  Gaelic 
language  so  eftectively  lends  itself,  was  a  man  whose 
company  was  always  welcome.  The  Seanachaidh 
has  now  given  place  very  largely  to  the  political 
newspaper  and  other  cheap  forms  of  literature,  and 
it  may  be  questioned  if,  in  itself,  the  change  is 
altogether  for  the  better.  At  all  events,  the  reciter 
of  Highland  folklore  endeavoured  to  entertain  his 
listeners  with  tales  of  the  courage,  devotion,  and 
chivalry  which  go  to  make  a  true  hero,  and  to  young, 
impressionable  minds  the  effect  of  this  could  hardly 
fail  to  be,  at  least,  as  wholesome  as  the  ceaseless 
appeal  to  human  selfishness  and  covetousness  which 
too  frequently  forms  the  chief  stock-in-trade  of  the 
political  newspaper. 

In  this  chapter  an  effort  is  made  to  preserve  a 
few  of  the  old  legends  and  traditions  of  Kintail,  and 
they  are  given  almost  in  the  very  words  in  which 
they  were  communicated  to  the  author  by  men  who 
know  Kintail  and  its  people,  and  who,  in  almost 
every  case,  heard  them  related  by  old  men  at  the 
Ceilidh  many  years  ago.1    There  is  no  attempt  made 

1  The  author  has  great  pleasure  in  acknowledging  his  indebtedness  for 
most  of  the  information  contained  in  this  chapter  to  Mr  Alexander  Matheaon, 
shipowner,  Dornie  (p.  48)  ;  Mr  Farquhar  Macrae,  Dornie  (p.  130) ;  Mr  Johu 
Alexander  Macrae,  Avernish  (p.  179)  ;  Mr  Farquhar  Matheson,  Dornie  (p.  49)  ; 
Mr  Alexander  Maclennan,  Craig  House,  Lochcarron  (p.  224)  ;  Mr  Donald  Mac- 
rae, Gelantipy,  Victoria  (p.  258)  ;  Mr  John  Macrae,  J.-lip,  New  Y,,,k  (p.  212  : 
and  Mr  Alexander  Macmillan,  an  old  man  of  Dornie,  who  died  on  the  13lh 
Ma?,  1896. 


to  harmonise  them,  even  when  possible  to  do  so,  with 
the  actual  facts  of  the  historic  incidents  to  which 
they  refer,  and  the  reader  will  readily  recognise  some 
of  them  as  local  versions  of  legends  which  may  be 
found  in  other  lands  as  well  as  in  the  Highlands, 
but  they  are  interesting  as  showing  the  light  in 
which  the  people  of  the  country  looked  upon  their 
own  history,  and  they  serve  to  illustrate  the  whole- 
some pride  of  the  clan  in  its  own  heroes,  as  well  as 
their  appreciation  of  the  man  of  courage,  presence  of 
mind,  and  prompt  action,  who  was  bold  and  fearless 
in  the  face  of  a  foe,  loyal  to  his  chief,  true  to  every 
trust,  as  well  as  humane  and  gentle  to  the  weak  and 
helpless  who  wei'e  in  any  sense  dependent  upon  him. 
It  is  not  pretended  for  a  single  moment  that  such 
traits  of  character  were  universal  in  the  Highlands 
any  more  than  in  other  places,  but  they  constituted 
the  standard  of  life  and  conduct  at  which  the  true 
man  was  expected  to  aim,  and  it  was  only  in  as  far 
as  he  succeeded  in  reaching  that  standard  that  his 
memory  was  held  worthy  of  an  honoured  place  in 
the  traditions  of  his  clan  and  country. 


Once  upon  a  time,  in  Ireland,  three  young  men  of 
the  Fitzgerald  family,  called  Colin  Fitzgerald,1 
Gilleoin  na  Tuaigh,and  Maurice  Macrath  were  present 
at  a  wedding,  and  partook  somewhat  freely  of  the 

1  Colin  Fitzgerald  was  the  reputed  founder  of  the  Clan  Mackenzie,  and 
Gilleoin  na  Tuaigh  of  the  Clan  Maclean. 


good  cheer  which  was  provided  for  the  guests.     On 
the  way  home  they  got  so  seriously  implicated  in  a 
quarrel  that  they  thought  it  prudent  to  seek  safety 
in  flight.     While  crossing  a  ferry  they  took  violent 
possession  of  the  ferryman's  boat,  and  putting  out  to 
sea  with  it  they  sailed  across  to  Scotland.     They 
landed  at  Ardnamurchan,  and  gradually  made  their 
way  across  the  country  to  the  Aird  of  Lovat,      On 
arriving  there  late  in  the  night,  and  very  tired,  they 
lay  down  under  a  hedge  to  rest  until  the  morning 
before  deciding  what  their  next  step  was  to  be.      But 
in  the  early  morning  they  were  awakened  from  their 
sleep    by    the    clang  of  arms,   and  found   two  men 
engaged  in  a  fierce  fight  quite  near  them.     It  turned 
out  that  one  of  these  men  was  Bissett,  the  Lord  of 
Lovat,  while  his  antagonist  was  a  redoubtable  bully 
who,  in  consequence  of  some  dispute,  had  challenged 
him    to    mortal    combat.      Maurice,   observing    that 
Bissett  was  on  the  point  of  being  vanquished,  pro- 
posed to  go  to  his  aid,  but  the  other  two  thought  it 
would  be  wiser  and  more  prudent  not   to  do  so,  as 
they  did  not  know  the  merits  of  the  case,  and  had 
already  been  obliged  to  leave  their  country  through 
thoughtless  interference  in  a  quarrel  which  did  not 
concern    them.       Maurice,    however,   would    not    be 
persuaded,  and  going  to  Bissett's  assistance  he  cut  off 
the  bully's  head  with  one  blow.      Bissett  then  invited 
his  unexpected    deliverer   to   his    house,   and  being 
favourably    impressed    by    him    he    offered    him    an 
important  post  in  his  service,  and  gave  him  the  lands 
of  Clunes  to  settle  on.      When  the  Frasers  became 
Lords  of  Lovat  the  Macrae  family  was  still  living  at 


Clunes,  and  the  head  of  the  family  was  appointed 
Lord  Lovat's  chief  forester.  One  day  there  hap- 
pened to  be  a  great  hunting  expedition  in  the  Lovat 
forest,  and  among  those  who  took  part  in  it  was  a 
bastard  son  of  Lovat,  who  began  to  abuse  Macrae  for 
not  giving  his  hounds  a  better  chance.  One  of 
Macrae's  sons,  called  John,  who  happened  to  be 
present  at  the  time,  took  up  the  quarrel  on  behalf  of 
his  father,  who  was  an  old  man,  and  settled  the 
matter  by  killing  the  bastard.  As  the  old  man  had 
rendered  him  so  much  loyal  and  valuable  service  in 
the  past  Lovat  decided  to  overlook  this  unfortunate 
mishap,  but  at  the  same  time  advised  him  to  send  his 
sons  out  of  the  country,  at  all  events  for  a  time,  for 
fear  of  the  vengeance  of  the  Fraser  family.  The  four 
sons  took  the  hint  and  quietly  left  the  Lovat  country. 
They  journeyed  together  as  far  as  Glenmoriston,  and 
at  a  place  called  Ceann  a  Chnuic  (the  end  of  the 
hillock)  they  parted.  One  of  them,  called  Duncan, 
went  to  Argyllshire,  married  the  heiress  of  Craignish, 
and  became  the  ancestor  of  the  Craignish  Campbells. 
Another,  called  Christopher,  went  to  Easter  Ross. 
The  third,  who  was  called  John,  went  to  Kintail  and 
spent  his  first  night  there  in  the  house  of  a  man 
called  Macaulay,  at  Achnagart.  He  was  such  a 
restless  man  that  they  called  him  Ian  Carrach,  which 
means  twisting  or  fidgety  John.  Macaulay's 
daughter,  however,  fell  in  love  with  him  and  per- 
suaded him  to  remain  there.  In  course  of  time  they 
were  married.  Their  first  child  was  born  at  Achna- 
gart, and  he  was  the  first  Macrae  born  in  Kintail. 
The  family  of  Ian  Carrach  was  one  of  the  chief  families 



of  Kintail  until  Malcolm  Mac  Ian  Charrich,  Con- 
stable of  Ellandonan,  lost  his  influence  by  supporting 
Hector  Roy's  claim  for  the  estates  of  Kintail  against 
John  of  Killin.1  A  fourth  son  of  Macrae  of  Chines, 
called  Finlay,  after  wandering  about  for  some  time, 
finally  made  his  way  to  Kintail  and  settled  them 
near  his  brother  John.  He  was  called  Fionnla  Mor 
nan  Gad.2  Fionnla  Mor  nan  Gad  was  the  ancestor 
of  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd,  with  whom  the 
recorded  genealogy  of  the  Macraes  of  Kintail  com- 




While  St  Fillan  was  travelling  on  a  pilgrimage  in 
France  with  a  hazel  staff  from  Kintail  in  his  hand, 
he  went  one  day  into  the  house  of  an  alchemist. 
The  alchemist  told  the  Saint  he  would  give  him  a 
fortune  if  he  would  bring  him  to  France  what  was 
under  the  sod  where  the  hazel  staff  grew.  Upon 
being  questioned  by  St  Fillan  the  alchemist  explained 
that&under  that  sod  there  was  a  white  serpent,  of 
which  he  wished  very  much  to  get  possession.  St 
Fillan  then  undertook  to  go  in  search  of  the  serpent, 
and  the  alchemist  gave  him  the  necessary  instruc- 
tions how  to  capture  it.     When  St  Fillan  reached  the 

1  Pages  22,  23,  and  Footnote  page  214. 

•2  The  meaning  of  Gad  here  is  doubtful,  it  usually  means  a  withe  or  switch, 
but  in  this  case  it  may  possibly  mean  spear.     See  Macbaiu's  Gaelic  Dictionary. 


spot  where  the  hazel  staff  had  been  cut,  at  the  north- 
east end  of  Loch  Long,  he  kindled  a  fire  and  placed 
a  pail  of  honey  near  it.  The  warmth  of  the  fire  soon 
brought  a  large  number  of  serpents  out  of  their  holes, 
and  among  them  the  white  serpent,  which  was  their 
King.  Being  attracted  by  the  smell  of  the  honey, 
the  white  serpent  crawled  into  the  pail.  Fillan  then 
seized  the  pail  and  ran  away  with  it,  followed  by  an 
ever-increasing  number  of  serpents,  anxious  to  rescue 
their  King.  The  saint  knew  he  would  not  be  safe 
from  their  pursuit  until  he  had  crossed  seven  running 
streams  of  water.  The  river  Elchaig  was  the  seventh 
stream  on  his  way,  and  when  he  crossed  it  he  felt 
that  he  was  now  safe.  When  he  reached  the  top  of 
a  small  hill  called  Tulloch  nan  deur  (the  hill  of  tears) 
he  paused  for  a  short  rest,  and  composed  a  Gaelic 
hymn  or  song,  of  which  the  following  verse  is  all 
that  appears  to  be  known — 

'S  rni  'in  sheasidh  air  Tulloch  nan  deur, 

Gun  chraicionn  air  meur  na  bonn, 

Ochadan  !  a  rhigh  nan  rann, 

'S  fhada  'n  Fhraing  bho  cheann  Loch  Long.1 

St  Fillan  then  continued  his  journey,  and  when 
he  arrived  at  the  end  of  it,  the  alchemist  took  the 
pail  containing  the  honey  and  the  serpent,  put  it  in  a 
cauldron  to  boil,  and  left  the  Saint  alone  for  a  little 
to  watch  over  it,  giving  him  instructions  at  the  same 
time  that  if  he  saw  any  bubbles  rising  to  the  surface 
he  was  on  no  account  to  touch  them.  The  alchemist 
was  not  long  gone  when  a  bubble  rose,  and  Fillan 

1  Standing  on  the  hill  of  tears  with  skinless  soles  and  toes, 
Alas  !  0  King  of  verses,  far  is  France  from  the  head  of  Loch  Long. 


thoughtlessly  put  his  finger  on  it.  As  the  bubble 
burst  it  gave  out  such  a  burning  heat  that  he 
suddenly  drew  his  finger  hack  and  put  it  in  Ins 
mouth  to  allay  the  pain,  but  no  sooner  did  he  do  so 
than  he  felt  himself  becoming  possessed  of  miraculous 
healing  powers.  This  was  how  St  Fillan  became 
the  greatest  physician  of  his  age.  The  alchemist 
intended  to  get  this  power  from  the  white  serpent 
for  himself,  but  when  he  returned  to  his  cauldron  he 
found  that  all  the  virtue  had  gone  out  of  it.  St 
Fillan  then  returned  to  Kintail  with  his  newly- 
acquired  power,  which  he  used  among  the  people  in 
such  a  way  that  in  watching  over  their  spiritual 
health  he  remembered  their  bodily  health  also,  and 
so  made  them  strong  and  well-favoured  among  their 


In  olden  times  there  lived  in  Kintail  a  wealthy  chief 
of  the  same  race  as  the  Mathesons,  who  had  an  only 
son.  When  the  son  was  born  he  received  his  first 
drink  out  of  the  skull  of  a  raven,  and  this  gave  him 
the  power  to  understand  the  language  of  birds.  He 
was  sent  to  Rome  for  his  education,  and  became  a 
great  linguist.  When  he  returned  to  Kintail  his 
father  asked  him  one  day  to  explain  what  the  birds 
were  saying.  "They  are  saying,"  replied  the  son, 
"  that  one  day  you  will  wait  upon  me  as  my  servant." 
The  father  was  so  annoyed  at  this  explanation  that 
he  turned  bis  son  out  of  the  house.      The  son  then 


joined  a  ship  which  was  bound  for  France.  Having 
learned  on  his  arrival  in  France  that  the  King  was 
very  greatly  annoyed  and  disturbed  by  the  chirping 
of  birds  about  the  palace,  he  went  and  offered  to  help 
the  King  to  get  rid  of  them.  The  King  accepted 
the  offer,  and  the  adventurer  explained  to  him  that 
the  birds  had  a  quarrel  among  themselves,  which 
they  wished  the  King  to  settle  for  them.  By  the 
help  of  his  visitor  the  King  succeeded  in  settling  the 
dispute  to  the  entire  satisfaction  of  the  birds,  and  was 
troubled  by  them  no  more.  In  gratitude  for  this 
relief  the  King  gave  his  deliverer  a  fully-manned 
ship  for  his  own  use,  and  with  this  ship  he  sailed  to 
far  distant  lands,  but  no  land  was  so  distant  that  he 
could  not  understand  and  speak  the  language  of  the 

On  one  occasion,  in  the  course  of  a  very  long 
voyage,  he  met  a  native  King,  whom  he  greatly 
pleased  with  his  interesting  conversation.  The  King 
invited  him  to  dine  at  the  royal  palace,  but  when  he 
got  to  the  palace  he  found  it  was  so  infested  with 
rats  that  the  servants  had  the  very  greatest  difficulty 
in  keeping  them  away  from  the  table.  Next  time 
the  adventurer  visited  the  palace  he  brought  a  cat 
from  the  ship  with  him,  under  his  cloak,  and  when 
the  rats  gathered  round  the  table  he  let  the  cat 
loose  among  them.  The  King  was  so  pleased  with 
the  way  in  which  the  cat  drove  the  rats  away,  that 
in  exchange  for  the  cat  he  gave  his  guest  a  hogshead 
full  of  gold.  With  this  gold  the  wanderer  returned 
to  Kintail,  after  an  absence  of  seven  years,  and 
anchored  his  ship  at  Totaig.     The  arrival  of  such  a 


magnificent  ship  caused  a  considerable  sensation, 
and  when  the  owner  presented  himself  at  his  father's 
house,  as  a  man  of  rank  from  a  distant  country,  he 
was  received  with  great  hospitality.  His  father, 
who  failed  to  recognise  him,  waited  upon  him  at 
table,  and  thus  fulfilled  the  prophecy  of  the  birds. 
The  son  then  made  himself  known  to  his  father,  and 
a  birth  mark  he  bore  between  his  shoulders  proved 
his  identity  to  the  entire  satisfaction  of  the  people, 
who  received  him  with  enthusiasm  as  the  long  lost 
heir.  His  ability  and  knowledge  of  the  world  after- 
wards brought  him  into  the  favour  and  confidence  of 
King  Alexander  II.,  who  commissioned  him  to  build 
Ellandonan  Castle  to  protect  the  King's  subjects  in 
those  parts  against  the  encroachments  of  the  Danes. 


Shortly  before  the  battle  a  raw  but  powerful  looking 
youth  from  Kintail  was  seen  staring  about  among 
the  Mackenzies  in  a  stupid  manner  as  if  looking  for 
something.  He  ultimately  came  across  an  old,  rusty 
battle  axe  of  great  size,  and  setting  off  after  the 
others  he  arrived  at  the  scene  of  strife  just  as  the 
combatants  were  closing  with  each  other.  This 
youth  was  Donnacha  Mor  na  Tuaigh,  and  Hector 
Roy,  observing  him,  asked  him  why  he  was  not 
taking  part  in  the  right  and  supporting  his  chief 
and  clan.     Duncan  replied  :  "  Mar  a  faigh  mi  miadh 

1  Page  17. 


duine,  cha  dean  mi  gniomh  duine  "  (Unless  I  get  a 
man's  esteem  I  will  not  perform  a  man's  work). 
This  reply  was  meant  as  a  hint  that  he  had  not 
been  provided  with  a  proper  weapon.  Hector 
answered  him,  "  Dean  sa  gniomh  duine  's 
gheibh  thu  miadh  duine "  (Do  a  man's  work 
and  you  shall  get  a  man's  esteem).  Duncan 
at  once  rushed  into  the  combat  exclaiming, 
"  Buille  mhor  bho  chul  mo  laimhe  's  ceum  leatha, 
am  fear  nach  teich  romham  teicheam  roimhe  "  (A 
heavy  stroke  from  the  back  of  my  arm  and  a  step 
to  enforce  it ;  he  who  does  not  get  out  of  my  way 
let  me  get  out  of  his).  Duncan  soon  killed  a  man, 
and,  drawing  the  body  aside,  coolly  sat  down  on  it. 
Hector  Roy,  observing  this  strange  proceeding, 
asked  Duncan  why  he  was  not  still  engaged  along 
with  his  comrades.  Duncan  answered:  "  Mar  a  faigh 
mi  ach  miadh  aon  duine  cha  dean  mi  ach  gniomh 
aon  duine "  (If  I  get  only  one  man's  due,  I  will 
do  only  one  man's  work).  Hector  told  him  to 
do  two  men's  work  and  he  would  get  two  men's 
reward.  Duncan,  returning  again  to  the  combat, 
soon  killed  another  man,  and  pulling  the  body  aside 
placed  it  on  the  top  of  the  first  one,  and  again 
sat  down.  Hector  repeated  his  question  once  more, 
and  Duncan  replied  that  he  had  killed  two  men, 
and  earned  two  men's  reward.  "  Do  your  best," 
replied  Hector,  "and  let  us  no  longer  dispute  about 
your  reward."  Duncan  instantly  replied  :  "Am  fear 
nach  biodh  a  cunntadh  rium  cha  bhithinn  a  cunntadh 
ris"  (He  that  would  not  reckon  with  me,  I  would 
not  reckon  with  him),  and  rushed  into  the  thickest 


of  the  battle,  where  he  did  so  much  execution  among 
the  enemy  that  Lachlan  Maclean  of  Lochbuy  (Lach- 
lainn  Mac  Thearlaich),  the  most  redoubtable  warrior 
on  the  other  side,  placed  himself  in  Duncan's  way  to 
check  him  in  his  destructive  career.      The  two  met 
in  mortal  strife,  and  Maclean  being  a  very  powerful 
man,  clad  in   mail,  and  well   trained    in  the  use  of 
arms,  seemed  likely  to  prove  the  victor  ;  but  Dun- 
can, being  lighter  and  more  active  than  his  heavily 
mailed    opponent,    managed,    however,    to    defend 
himself,    watching  his  opportunity,  and  retreating 
backwards    until   he   arrived  at    a   ditch.      His  op- 
ponent, now  thinking  that  lie  had  him  in  his  power, 
made   a  desperate    stroke    at   him,   which    Duncan 
parried,  and  at  the  same  time  jumped  over  the  ditch. 
Maclean  then  made  a  furious  lunge  with  his  weapon, 
but  instead  of  entering  Duncan's  body  it  got  fixed 
in  the  opposite  bank  of  the  ditch.     In  withdrawing 
his  weapon  Maclean  bent  his  head  forward,  and  thus 
exposed  the  back  of  his  neck,  upon  which  Duncan's 
battle  axe  descended  with  the  velocity  of  lightning, 
and  with  such  terrific  force  as  to  sever  the  head  from 
the  body.     This,  it  is  said,  was  the  turning-point  of 
the   battle,  for   the   Macdonalds,  seeing    the    brave 
leader  of  their  van  killed,  gave  up  all  for  lost,  and 
began  at  once  to  retreat.      Duncan  was  ever  after- 
wards known  as  "  Donnacha  Mor  na  Tuaigh  "  (Big 
Duncan  of  the  Battle  Axe).     That  night  as  Mac- 
kenzie sat  at  supper  he  inquired  for  Duncan,  who 
was   missing   and  could  nowhere  be   found.       "  My 
sorrow,"  said  Mackenzie,  "  for  the  loss  of  my  scallag 
mhor  (big  servant)  is  greater  than  my  satisfaction  for 


the  success  of  the  battle."  "  I  thought,"  replied  one 
of  those  present,  "  that  as  the  Macdonalds  fled  I  saw 
him  pursuing  four  or  five  of  them  up  the  burn." 
The  words  were  hardly  spoken  when  Duncan  came 
in  with  four  heads  bound  together  with  a  rope  of 
twisted  twigs.  "  Tell  me  now,"  said  Duncan,  as  he 
threw  the  heads  down  before  his  master,  "  if  I  have 
not  earned  my  supper." 


There  was  once  a  famous  archer  of  the  Clan  Macrae 
called  Fionnla  Dubh  nam  Fiadlr  (Black  Finlay  of 
the  Deer).  He  was  forester  of  Glencannich.  While 
Finlay  was  occupying  this  position,  a  certain  Mac- 
donald  of  Glengarry,  who  had  fled  from  his  own 
home  for  murder,  took  refuge  in  the  forest,  having 
obtained  permission  from  one  of  the  chief  men  of  the 
Mackenzies,  not  only  to  take  refuge  there,  but  even 
to  help  himself  to  anything  he  could  lay  his  hands 
on  unknown  to  Finlay.  One  day  Finlay  and  another 
man  went  out  to  hunt  in  a  part  of  the  forest  which 
was  the  usual  haunt  of  the  best  and  fattest  deer. 
To  their  great  surprise  they  found  Macdonald  hunt- 
ing there  also.     Finlay  asked  him    who  gave  him 

1  Pages  34,  35. 

2  Fionnla  Dubh  nam  Fiadh  belonged  to  a  tribe  of  Macraes  called  Clann  a 
Cbruitear  (the  descendants  of  the  harper).  Those  belonging  to  this  tribe 
were  generally  of  a  very  dark  complexion.  It  is  said  they  were  not  of  the 
original  stock  of  Macraes,  but  were  descended  from  a  foreign  harper,  who  was 
brought  into  the  country  by  one  of  the  Mackenzies,  and  who  settled  down 
there  and  adopted  the  name  Macrae. 



permission  to  be  there.  "  That's  none  of  your  busi- 
ness," replied  Macdonald  ;  "  I  mean  to  kill  as  many 
deer  as  I  please,  and  you  shall  not  prevent  me." 
Thus  a  cpiarrel  arose  between  theim  and  the  end  of 
it  was  that  Finlay  shot  Macdonald  through  the 
heart  with  an  arrow,  and  cast  his  body  into  a  lake 
called  Lochan  Uine  Gleannan  nam  Fiadh  (the  green 
lake  of  the  glen  of  the  deer).  After  a  time  Mac- 
donald's  friends  in  Glengarry  began  to  wonder  what 
had  become  of  him,  but  at  last  a  rumour  reached 
them  that  he  had  been  killed  by  Fionnla  Dubh  nam 

On  hearing  this  they  formed  a  party  of  twelve 
strong  and  able  men  to  go  to  Glencannich  to  make 
inquiries,   and,  if  necessary,  to  take  vengeance  on 
Finlay.     On  arriving  at  Glencannich  the  first  house 
they  came  to  was  Finlay's.     His  wife  met  them  at 
the  door,  and  as  they  did  not  know  that  this  was 
Finlay's  house,  they  stated  the  object  of  their  visit, 
and  asked  if  she  could  give  them  any  directions  or 
information.      She  told  them   to  come   in   and  rest. 
They  did  so,  and  as  they  were  tired  and  hungry  they 
were  not  sorry  to  see  her   making  preparations  to 
show  them  hospitality.     Meantime  Finlay,  who  was 
in  the  other  end  of  the  house,  began  to  amuse  him- 
self by  playing  on  his  trump  or  Jews'  harp.     The 
Glengarry  men  were  so  engrossed  and  interested  in 
the  conversation  of  their  hostess  that  they  took  no 
notice   of  Finlay's  music.      She,   however,  listened 
attentively  to  it,  and  from  the  tune  lie  was  playing 
she   understood  that  he  wished   her   to  poison   her 
guests.     She  accordingly  contrived  to  mix  a  certain 

300         THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

kind  of  poison,  used  by  her  husband  to  kill  foxes,  in 
the  rennet  with  which  she  was  preparing  some  curds 
and  cream  which  she  set  before  them.  They  partook 
freely  of  this  dish,  and  eleven  of  them  died  from  the 
effects  of  the  poison  shortly  after  they  left  the  house. 
Finlay  then  went  out  and  buried  them.  The  twelfth 
man,  however,  managed  to  make  his  way  back  to 
Glengarry,  where  he  told  his  fellow  clansmen  what 
had  happened. 

The  chief,  hearing  of  it,  chose  eleven  strong  and 
brave  men  to  return  to  Glencannich  with  this  sur- 
vivor, who  undertook  to  act  as  their  guide  and  lead 
them  straight  to  Fiulay's  house.  Now,  though  this 
man  had  already  been  to  Finlay's  house,  he  had  not 
actually  seen  Finlay  himself,  and  would  therefore  be 
unable  to  recognise  him.  In  due  time  the  Glengarry 
men  reached  the  brow  of  a  hill  opposite  to  Finlay's 
house,  where  they  found  a  man  cutting  turfs.  This 
was  Finlay  himself,  but  he  received  them  with  such 
calm  indifference  that  they  never  suspected  who  he 
was.  They  asked  him  if  he  knew  where  Finlay  was, 
or  if  he  was  at  home.  "  Well,"  replied  Finlay, 
pointing  to  his  own  house,  "  when  I  was  at  that 
house  just  now,  Finlay  was  there  too."  The  Glen- 
garry men,  thinking  the  prize  was  now  within  their 
grasp,  hurried  to  the  house  without  looking  behind, 
and  so  did  not  observe  that  Finlay  was  following 
after  them.  As  they  crowded  in  at  the  door,  Finlay 
called  to  his  wife  through  the  back  window  to  hand 
him  out  his  bow  and  quiver.  His  wife  did  so,  and 
Finlay  then  took  his  stand  in  a  convenient  position 
with  his  bow  and  arrows.     "  Come  out,"  shouted  he 


to  the  Glengarry  men,  "  the  man  yon  want  is  here." 
They  rushed  out,  but  he  shot  them  dead  one  after 
another  before  they  were  able  to  reach  him.  He 
then  buried  them  along  with  his  former  victims,  and 
shortly  afterwards  moved  down  to  his  winter  quarters 
at  Achyaragan  in  Glenelchaig. 

After  a  time  Glengarry  began  to  wonder  what 
had  become  of  his  messengers,  and  so  he  sent  yet 
another  twelve  to  make  enquiries  about  them  and  to 
punish  Finlay.  As  these  men  were  passing  by 
Abercalder,  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Fort-Augustus, 
on  their  way  to  Glencannich,  they  got  into  con- 
versation with  a  man  who  was  ploughing  in  a  field. 
The  man  innocently  told  them  that  he  was  Finlay's 
brother,  whereupon  they  immediately  struck  their 
dirks  into  him  and  left  him  dead  in  the  shafts  of  the 
plough.  On  finding  that  Finlay  had  left  Glen- 
cannich they  followed  him  to  Glenelchaig,  where 
it  so  happened  that  the  first  man  they  met  was 
Finlay  himself,  who  was  out  hunting  on  Mamantuirc. 
They  began  to  ask  him  questions  about  the  man 
they  were  in  search  of,  which  he  answered  to  their 
satisfaction,  and  as  they  walked  along  he  conversed 
with  them  with  a  freedom  which  prevented  any 
suspicion  on  their  part.  But  on  parting  with  them 
he  quickly  took  up  his  stand  in  a  favourable  position, 
and  shouting  out  that  he  was  the  man  they  wanted, 
killed  them  all  with  his  arrows  before  they  could  lay 
hands  on  him.  The  last  of  the  twelve  took  to  flight 
and  was  killed  while  in  the  act  of  leaping  across  a 
waterfall.  His  name  was  Leiry,  and  the  waterfall 
is  called  Eas  leum  Leiridh  (the  waterfall  of  Leiry's 

302          THE   HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

leap)  to  this  day.  When  Mackenzie  of  Kintail 
heard  of  the  murder  of  Finlay's  brother  at  Aber- 
calder  he  applied  for  a  commission  of  fire  and  sword 
against  Glengarry,  who  was  also  making  preparations 
on  his  own  account  to  retaliate  for  the  slaughter  of 
his  men  by  Finlay.  The  Mackenzies  and  the  Mac- 
donalds  met  and  fought  their  first  battle  at  the  Pass 
of  Beallach  Mhalagan,  in  the  heights  of  Glensheil. 
During  the  fight  Finlay  took  shelter  with  his  bow 
and  quiver  behind  a  large  stone,  which  is  still 
pointed  out,  and  continued  to  pour  a  deadly  shower 
of  arrows  among  the  Macdonalds  until  at  last  they 
took  to  flight.  After  the  fight  was  over,  Mackenzie 
made  his  men  sit  down  to  rest  and  to  partake  of 
some  food.  Observing  Finlay  among  them  he  turned 
round  to  him  and  charged  him  with  cowardice 
for  taking  shelter  behind  the  stone  during  the  fight. 
"  You  are  very  good,"  said  he,  "  at  raising  a  quarrel, 
but  you  are  a  very  poor  hand  at  quelling  it." 
"  Don't  say  more,"  replied  Finlay,  "  until  you  have 
examined  your  dead  foes."  When  the  dead  Mac- 
donalds were  examined  it  was  found  that  no  fewer 
than  twenty-four  of  the  chief  men  among  the  slain 
had  fallen  to  Finlay's  arrows. 

One  day,  as  Finlay  lay  ill  in  bed  at  Fadoch, 
suffering  from  a  wound  in  the  head,  a  travelling 
leech  from  Glengarry  happened  to  visit  the  district. 
He  was  called  in  to  see  Finlay,  who  felt  much 
relieved  by  his  treatment.  As  the  leech  continued 
his  journey  in  the  direction  of  Camusluinie,  he  met 
a  woman,  who  asked  him  how  the  patient  was. 
"  He  is  much  better,  and  will  soon  be  quite  well," 


replied  the  leech.  "  Agus  leighels  thu  Fionnla 
Dubh  nam  Fiadh "  (And  you  have  cured  Black 
Finlay  of  the  Deer),  replied  the  woman.  The  leech 
did  not  know  until  now  who  his  patient  was,  and 
upon  learning  that  it  was  Fionnla  Dubh  nam  Fiadh, 
he  returned  again  to  the  house,  and  on  a  pretence 
of  having  neglected  something  that  ought  to  have 
been  done,  in  order  to  make  the  cure  certain, 
proceeded  to  examine  the  wound  in  the  patient's 
head  once  more.  In  the  course  of  the  examination 
he  drove  a  probing  needle  through  the  wound  into  his 
brain,  and  as  the  blood  gushed  out  some  of  it  flowed 
into  Finlay's  mouth.  "  Is  milis  an  deoch  a  thug  thu 
dhomh  "  (Sweet  is  the  drink  you  have  given  me), 
said  he.  and  with  these  words  he  expired.  The 
leech  then  left  the  house,  and  continued  his  journey. 
When  the  sons  of  Duncan  returned  and  found  their 
father  dead,  they  set  out  at  once  in  pursuit  of  the 
leech.  They  overtook  him  among  the  hills  above 
Leault,  killed  him,  and  buried  him  on  a  spot  which 
is  still  pointed  out.  Finlay  himself  was  buried  at 




John  Breac1  used  sometimes  to  go  in  attendance  on 
Seaforth  to  the  meeting  of  the  Scottish  Parliament 
at  Perth,  and  on  one  of  those  occasions  Seaforth's 
sword  was  stolen  from  the  hall  of  the  house  where 

iPage  170. 


he  was  living  in  the  town.  The  next  time  Seaforth 
went  to  the  meeting  of  Parliament  John  Breac,  who 
was  with  him,  recognised  the  stolen  sword  in  the 
possession  of  one  of  the  followers  of  Lochiel.  John 
charged  the  man  with  the  theft,  beat  him  soundly, 
and  took  the  sword  from  him.  When  Lochiel  heard 
of  the  ignominious  treatment  to  which  his  man  had 
been  subjected  he  swore  that  he  would  execute  sum- 
mary vengence  on  any  Kintail  man  afterwards  found 
among  the  Camerons  in  Lochaber.  Shortly  after  his 
return  to  Kintail  John  Breac  missed  three  of  his 
horses  from  his  farm  at  Duilig.  He  at  once  set  out 
on  their  track,  and  traced  them  all  the  way  to  Loch- 
aber, where  he  found  them  in  a  field,  and  some  men 
trying- to  catch  them.  John  went  into  the  field  and 
helped  the  men  to  catch  the  horses,  for  which  they 
thanked  him,  but  they  had  no  suspicion  who  he  was, 
nor  did  he  tell  them  the  object  of  his  visit.  He 
asked  them,  however,  if  Lochiel  was  at  home,  and 
they  told  him  he  was.  He  then  went  to  the  house, 
but  it  was  early  morning  and  Lochiel  was  still  in 
bed.  •  John  told  the  servant  that  his  business  was 
very  urgent,  and  desired  to  be  conducted  to  Lochiel's 
bedroom.  "  Who  are  you,  and  where  do  you  come 
from  ? "  asked  Lochiel  when  he  saw  the  stranger 
entering  his  bedroom.  "  I  come  from  Kintail,"  re- 
plied John.  "  From  Mackenzie's  Kintail  or  Mackay's 
Kintail?"1  asked  Lochiel.  "From  Mackenzie's," 
replied  John.  "Then  you  are  a  very  bold  man," 
continued  Lochiel.  "Are  you  riot  aware  that  I  have 
vowed  vengence  against  any  Kintail  man  found  in 

1  See  Note,  page  16, 


my  country?"  "I  am  well  aware  of  it,"  replied 
John,  "  and  what  is  more,  I  believe  I  was  the  cause 
of  your  vow."  John  then  quietly  took  possession  of 
Lochiel's  sword,  which  was  hanging  on  the  wall  by 
the  bedside,  and,  explaining  who  he  was,  swore  that 
he  would  deal  with  him  as  he  dealt  with  his  man  in 
Perth  if  he  did  not  at  once  retract  his  vow  against 
the  men  of  Kintail,  and  order  the  stolen  horses  to 
be  sent  back  to  Duilig.  Lochiel,  who  clearly  saw 
that  John  Breac  was  a  man  who  meant  what  he 
said,  readily  granted  both  requests,  rather  than  run 
the  risk  of  being  ignominiously  beaten  like  a  dog. 


About  the  time  of  the  battle  of  Sheriffmuir  there 
lived  in  Kintail  a  certain  Maurice  Macrae,  known  as 
Muireach  Fial  (Maurice  the  Generous).  He  was  a 
man  of  some  means,  and  lent  money  to  the  Chisholm 
of  Strathglass,  in  return  for  which  he  received  certain 
grazing  rights  on  the  lands  of  Auric.  Maurice  and 
his  wife  used  to  go  once  a  year  to  Inverness  to  sell 
butter  and  cheese,  which  they  carried  on  horseback 
through  the  Chisholm  country.  On  one  occasion, 
as  they  were  returning  home,  they  were  met  by  a 
party  of  Strathglass  men,  who  invited  Maurice  to 
drink  with  them  in  Struy  Inn.  Maurice  accepted 
the  invitation,  and  being  of  a  convivial  disposition, 
was  in  no  hurry  to  leave.  His  wife,  having  vainly 
endeavoured  to  induce  him  to  resume  his  journey, 
started  leisurely  alone,  expecting  that  her  husband 
would  soon  overtake    her.       But    Maurice  did  not 



follow,  and  his  wife,  at  last  becoming  anxious  on  his 
account,  hurried  home  to  Kintail,  where  a  party 
was  immediately  organised  to  go  in  search  of  him. 
They  searched  all  over  Strathglass,  and  having  made 
many  inquiries  without  obtaining  any  information, 
they  returned  back  to  Kintail.  On  returning  home 
one  of  their  number  disguised  himself  as  a  poor  idiot, 
and  went  to  Strathglass,  where  he  wandered  about 
begging  his  way  from  door  to  door,  but  at  the  same 
time  keeping  a  careful  watch  for  any  trace  or  talk  of 
the  missing  Maurice.  One  night,  while  lying  at  the 
door  of  a  house,  he  heard  someone  tapping  at  the 
window.  He  listened  attentively,  and  soon  heard 
the  man  at  the  window  and  the  master  of  the  house 
talking  about  the  bradan  tarragheal  (thewhite-bellied 
salmon),  which  was  tied  to  a  bush  and  concealed  in 
a  certain  pool  in  the  river.  When  the  conversation 
ceased  and  the  visitor  took  his  departure,  the  Kintail 
man,  wondering  what  was  meant  by  the  salmon, 
stole  quietly  away  to  the  pool  mentioned,  and  there 
found  the  body  of  Maurice,  who  had  been  murdered 
by  some  of  the  Strathglass  men,  and  whose  body  had 
been  hidden  in  the  river  in  a  dark  pool  under  a  thick 
bush.  He  drew  the  body  out  of  the  water,  carried 
it  some  distance  away  to  a  safe  hiding-place,  and 
then  set  out  in  all  haste  to  Kintail. 

When  the  people  of  Kintail  heard  what  had 
happened  they  formed  a  large  party  and  went  to 
fetch  the  body  home  to  Kilduich.  As  they  were 
passing  by  Oomar  churchyard,  in  Strathglass,  on 
the  way  back  to  Kintail,  they  came  upon  a  large 
funeral  party  who  were  in  the  act  of  burying  one  of 


the  principal  men  of  Strathglass.  As  the  stone  was 
being  placed  on  the  grave,  four  of  the  Kintail  men 
stepped  into  the  churchyard  and  carried  the  stone 
away.  This  was  done  in  order  to  provoke  a  fight, 
that  they  might  have  an  opportunity  of  avenging 
the  death  of  Maurice.  As  the  challenge  was  not 
accepted  they  carried  the  stone  all  the  way  to  Kil- 
duich  and  placed  it  over  Maurice's  grave,  where  it  is 
still  pointed  out.  Maurice  might  have  been  murdered 
for  the  sake  of  the  money  he  was  carrying  home  with 
him  from  Inverness,  but  the  people  of  Kir. tail  sus- 
pected that  the  murder  was  instigated  by  some  one 
connected  with  the  Chisholm,  who  did  not  like  to 
see  a  stranger's  cattle  grazing  on  the  hills  of  Affric, 
and  the  tradition  further  says  that  as  soon  as 
Maurice  was  dead  all  his  cattle  were  stolen  from 
their  grazing  by  the  Chisholm's  men.  Years  after- 
wards, when  Maurice's  son,  then  an  old  man,  was 
lying  on  his  death-bed,  a  certain  neighbour  called 
Murachadh  Buidh  nam  Meoir  (yellow  Murdoch  of 
the  fingers)  went  to  see  him.  It  was  a  cold  day, 
and  as  Murdoch,  who  was  asked  to  replenish  the 
fire,  was  in  the  act  of  breaking  up  an  old  disused 
settle  for  fuel,  he  found  concealed  in  it  the  parch- 
ment bond  of  the  above-mentioned  agreement  be- 
tween the  Chisholm  and  Muireach  Fial. 


Fearachar  Mac  Ian  Oig1  lived  at  Achyark,  and  was 
a  man  of  note  in  Kintail.  It  was  in  the  time  of 
Colin  Earl  of  Seaforth,   and  the  rents  were  very 

l  Page  187. 


heavy.  To  make  matters  worse,  the  bailiff  who  col- 
lected them  was  a  very  unpopular  man,  and  was  in 
the  habit  of  exacting  certain  payments  on  his  own 
account.  A  quarrel  having  arisen  about  a  certain 
tribute  which  Farquhar  refused  to  pay,  the  bailiff 
went  to  Achyark  one  day  while  Farquhar  was  out 
hunting,  and,  taking  advantage  of  his  absence, 
carried  away  a  cow  and  a  copper  kettle  in  payment 
of  the  disputed  tribute.  When  Farquhar  returned 
home,  his  wife  told  him  that  if  he  were  half  a  man 
the  bailiff  would  not  dare  to  do  what  he  did.  This 
taunt  roused  him  to  such  fury  that  he  immediately 
set  out  with  his  loaded  gun  in  pursuit  of  the  bailiff, 
whom  he  overtook  at  the  river  Conag.  As  the 
bailiff  was  crossing  the  river,  with  the  kettle  on  his 
back,  Farquhar  shot  him  dead.  When  he  returned 
home  he  told  his  wife  what  he  had  done.  "  You 
silly  woman,"  said  he,  "you  have  caused  me  to  work 
my  own  ruin.  I  must  now  look  to  my  safety,  and 
you  must  take  care  of  yourself  the  best  way  you 
can."  He  then  fled  for  safety  in  the  direction  of 
Loch  Hourn,  where  he  had  an  uncle  living.  When 
he  reached  Coalas  nam  Bo  (the  strait  of  the  cows), 
on  Loch  Hourn,  in  the  dead  of  the  night,  he  began 
-to  shout  across  the  ferry  to  his  uncle,  who  was  living 
on  the  other  side.  When  the  uncle  heard  him  he 
recognised  his  voice,  and  roused  his  own  sons,  who 
were  asleep  in  bed.  "  Get  up,"  said  he,  "I  hear 
Farquhar,  my  brother's  son,  shouting  to  be  ferried, 
with  a  tone  of  mischief  in  his  voice."  The  young 
men  at  once  got  up,  and  brought  Farquhar  across 
the  ferry.     When  his  uncle  asked  him  what  the 


matter  was,  Farquhar  told  him  that  he  had  killed 
Domhuull  Mac  Dhonnachaidh  Mhic  Fhionnlaidh 
Dhuibh  nam  Fiadh  (Donald,  the  son  of  Duncan,  the 
son  of  Black  Finlay  of  the  Deer).  "If  that  is  all," 
replied  the  uncle,  "  it  does  not  matter  much,  for  if 
you  had  not  killed  him,  I  should  kill  him  myself." 
Farquhar  hid  with  his  uncle  for  some  months,  and 
then  took  up  his  abode  in  a  cave  in  Coire-Gorm-a- 
Bheallaich,  in  Glenlic.  This  he  made  his  hiding- 
place  for  seven  years,  careful  never  to  appear  to  any 
but  his  most  trusted  friends.  He  never  left  his 
hiding-place  without  placing  a  copper  coin  in  a 
certain  position  on  a  stone  at  the  mouth  of  the  cave, 
his  idea  being  that  if  anyone  had  visited  and  dis- 
•  covered  his  hiding-place  in  his  absence  they  would 
be  sure  either  to  take  the  coin  away  or,  at  all  events, 
to  handle  it,  and  move  it  from  the  position  in  which 
he  had  left  it.  It  is  said  that  in  those  times,  if 
a  murderer  succeeded  in  evading  the  law  for  seven 
years,  he  could  not  afterwards  be  punished,  and  so, 
at  the  end  of  seven  years,  Farquhar,  considering 
himself  a  free  man,  suddenly  appeared  one  day  at  a 
funeral  in  Kilduich.  His  friends  were  delighted  to 
see  him  again,  and  having  paid  a  ransom  to  the 
representatives  of  the  murdered  man,  he  was  hence- 
forth able  to  go  about  the  country  in  safety.  On 
one  occasion,  when  taunted  on  being  a  murderer  by 
one  of  the  bailiff's  friends,  Farquhar  replied,  "  Ma 
mharbh  mis  'e  nach  d'  ith  sibh  fhein  e  ?  "  (If  I  killed 
him,  have  you  not  eaten  him  yourselves  ?)  This 
reply  referred  to  the  ransom  which  in  those  days 
would  probably  consist  of  food  and  cattle.    Seaforth, 

310         THE    HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

however,  would  not  forgive  the  murderer  of  his 
bailiff,  and  so  he  sent  a  message  to  caution  Farquhar 
never  on  any  account  to  come  into  his  presence. 
Shortly  afterwards,  Seaforth  was  fitting  out  an 
expedition  for  the  Lews,  and  gave  instructions  that 
his  men  should  meet  on  a  certain  day  at  Poolewe. 
When  Seaforth  arrived  there  he  was  disappointed 
to  find  so  few  of  his  men  waiting  for  him.  "  How," 
said  one  of  the  Kintail  men,  "  can  you  expect  your 
men  to  respond  to  you,  when  you  won't  allow  the 
bravest  of  them  to  come  into  your  presence  ? " 
"And  who  is  the  bravest  of  them  ? "  asked  Seaforth. 
"  Fearachar  Mac  Ian  Oig,"  was  the  reply,  "  and  he 
would  soon  be  here  if  you  would  only  restore  him 
to  the  position  he  occupied  before  the  murder  of  the 
bailiff."  Seaforth  consented  to  do  this,  and  Far- 
quhar, who  was  in  concealment  near  by,  was  imme- 
diately introduced,  and  became  reconciled  to  his  chief 
there  and  then.  The  tradition  says  that  in  the 
course  of  this  expedition  Farquhar  proved  himself 
one  of  the  bravest  and  best  of  Seaforth's  followers. 


There  was  hardly  any  event  in  the  past  history  of 
Kintail  around  which  there  gathered  more  legendary 
and  traditional  lore  than  the  famous  Glenlic  hunt,  in 
which  Murdoch,  son  of  Alexander  of  Inverinate,  lost 
his  life,  and  which  has  been  already  referred  to.1 
The  reason  for  this  was  no  doubt  the  mystery 
surrounding   Murdoch's   death,    and    the    series   of 

1  Pages  84-85. 


elegies  composed  during  the  fifteen  days  that  the 
search  for  his  body  continued.       His  death  was  sup- 
posed by   many  people  to  have  been  the  work  (if 
some  evil  spirit,  and  for  many  generations  it  was 
considered  unsafe  to  pass  at  night  by  the  spot  where 
the  body  was  found,  as  strange  sights  were  seen 
there  and  strange  noises  heard,  and,  most  convincing 
of  all,  mysterious  marks,  as  of  a  round  foot  with 
long  claws,  used  to  be  seen  on  the  otherwise  smooth 
unbroken  surface  of  the   snow    that    fell    there    in 
winter.     But  there  was  one  man  in  the  district  who 
was  proof,  at  all  events,  against  any  fear  of  the  evd 
spirit  by  which  the  scene  of  the  tragedy  was  believed 
to    be    haunted.       This  was  a  redoubtable    weaver 
called  Am  Breabadair  Og  (the  young  weaver),  who 
lived  at  the  Cro  of  Kintail,  and  who  always  carried 
a   brace    of    pistols    with    him    wherever   he   went. 
Having  resolved  to  challenge  the  evil  spirit  to  meet 
him,    he    carefully   loaded    his    pistols    with    silver 
buttons— silver   being,   according  to    a   well-known 
belief  of  olden  times,   a  metal  which  for  shooting 
purposes  was  proof  against  the  power  of  witches  and 
evil  spirits  alike.       Thus  fortified,  he  set  out  as  the 
night  came  on  to  the  haunted  spot,  determined  to 
challenge  and  shoot  any  thing,  whatever  it  might  be, 
that  chanced  to  come  across  his  path.       Nothing 
happened,    however,    the    first    night,    and    so    he 
repeated  his  watch  the  second  night  also  without 
any  result.      This  went  on  for  fourteen  nights  in 
succession,    and    still    the    weaver's    watches   were 
disturbed  by  neither  voice  nor  vision.       But  on  the 
fifteenth  night,  which,  it  may  be  observed,   corre- 


sponded  with  the  number  of  days  the  search  for 
Murdoch's  body  lasted,  the  weaver  returned  home 
crestfallen,  exhausted,  and  silent.  Nobody  was 
ever  told  what  he  saw  or  heard  on  that  night,  but 
he  had  evidently  failed  to  drive  away  the  evil  spirit, 
which  continued  to  haunt  the  place  as  before. 


Of  all  the  Macrae  heroes  there  is  no  one  whose  name 
enters  so  largely  into  the  later  traditions  of  Kintail 
as  Donnacha  Mor  Mac  Alister.1  It  is  said  that  when 
Duncan  was  a  mere  lad  he  went  on  one  occasion 
with  his  mother  to  sell  butter  and  cheese  at  Inver- 
lochy  (Fort-William).  On  the  way  home  Duncan 
sulked  and  fell  behind,  because  his  mother  refused 
to  give  him  money  to  buy  a  "  bonnet "  for  himself. 
As  they  continued  the  homeward  journey  along 
Locharkaig  side  the  mother  was  attacked  by  three 
Lochaber  robbers,  who  not  only  took  her  money 
from  her,  but  also  a  silver  brooch,  an  heirloom  which 
she  prized  very  greatly.  The  conduct  of  her  son, 
who  refused  to  give  any  help,  annoyed  her  so  much 
that  she  called  out  to  one  of  the  robbers  that  she 
had  still  one  coin  left,  and  she  would  give  it  to  him 
if  he  would  thrash  her  son  for  her.  "  Easan  am  bog 
chuilean "  (he,  the  soft  whelp),  contemptuously  re- 
plied the  robber,  and  going  up  to  Duncan,  struck 
him  on  the  face  with  the  back  of  his  hand.  This 
was  more  than  the  sulking   lad  could  stand,  and 

iPage  198. 


being  now  roused  to  action,  he  fell  upon  the  robbers, 
beat  them,  and  recovered  his  mother's  money  and 

Duncan  once  went  to  see  his  aunt  in  Lochaber, 
and    after    wading    the    Garry  river,   he    continued 
his  journey  across  the  Pass  of  Coire  'n  t'  Shagairt. 
As  the  darkness  came  on   he  arrived  at  a  lonely 
sheiling,  and  asked  pel-mission    to   pass  the  night 
there.      The  mistress  of  the  sheiling  received  him 
very  coldly,  and  refused  his  request,  but  Duncan 
had  made  up  his  mind  to  remain,  and  refused  to  go. 
Presently  the  daughter  of  the  mistress  came  in  from 
the  milking   of  the    cows,   and   proceeded  to  turn 
Duncan    out   by    force.       A    struggle    ensued,    but 
Duncan's  chivalry  led  him  to  acknowledge  himself 
beaten.       His   strength,    however,  gained  him   the 
respect  of  the  mistress,  and  he  received  permission 
to  remain  overnight.     He  then  sat  down  and  took 
off  his  shoes  and  stockings  to  cool  his  feet.     When 
the  mistress  of  the  sheiling  saw  his  feet  she  re- 
cognised him,  by  some  mark   or  peculiarity  about 
them,  as  a  connection  of  her  own  family.     It  turned 
out  that  she  was  the  aunt  he  had  come  to  Lochaber 
to  see.     Next  morning  his  cousin,  who  wanted  to 
put  his  skill  as  a  hunter  to  the  test,  told  him  there 
was  a  herd  of  deer  among  the  cattle.     Duncan  went 
out,  killed  two  of  them,  and  brought  them  in  for 
breakfast.    On  returning  home,  after  spending  a  few 
pleasant  days  with  his  aunt  and  her  daughter,  he 
found  the  Garry  river  in  flood.      At  the  river  he 
met  his  mother's  foster  brother,  Dugald  Macdonald, 
who,  on  being  asked  by  Duncan  if  the  river  was 


fordable,  taunted  him  for  hesitating  to  wade  across. 
Duncan  then  plunged  in,  but  was  very  nearly- 
drowned  before  he  got  to  the  other  side.  Dugald 
afterwards  went  to  Glensheil  to  see  Duncan's  mother. 
He  met  Duncan  fishing  on  the  River  Sheil,  which 
was  in  flood,  but  did  not  recognise  him.  Dugald 
told  him  where  he  was  going,  and  asked  him  to  show 
the  way.  Duncan  pointed  out  his  own  father's 
house  on  the  other  side  of  the  river.  Dugald  then 
attempted  to  ford  the  river,  but  would  have  been 
drowned  if  Duncan  had  not  come  to  his  rescue. 
Thus  Duncan  proved  himself  to  be  the  stronger  of 
the  two.  When  Dugald  was  leaving  Glensheil, 
Duncan's  father  gave  him  a  thrashing  for  tempting 
Duncan  to  run  the  risk  of  wading  the  Garry  river 
when  it  was  in  such  high  flood,  and  reminded  him 
that  if  Duncan  had  been  drowned  then,  he  would 
not  be  alive  to  save  Dugald  from  drowning  in  the 
River  Sheil.  Duncan's  mother  always  used  to  say 
ever  after  this  that  though  her  husband  was  so  good 
to  her  she  could  not  forget  how  he  thrashed  her 
foster  brother. 

It  has  already  been  mentioned1  that  William 
Earl  of  Seaforth  appointed  Duncan  Captain  of  the 
Freiceadan  or  Guard,  whose  duty  it  was  to  protect 
the  marches  of  Kintail  from  the  plundering  raids  of 
the  Lochaber  cattle  lifters.  Seaforth  had  heard  of 
Duncan's  strength  and  courage,  but  before  entrusting 
him  with  such  a  difficult  and  responsible  post  he 
resolved  to  satisfy  himself  as  to  the  truth  of  what 
he  had  heard  about  him.       He  accordingly  invited 

i  Page  198. 


Duncan  to  come  to  see  him  in  Brahan  Castle. 
When  Duncan  arrived  at  Brahan,  Seaforth  received 
him  alone  in  a  room  in  the  Castle.  After  some  con- 
versation, Seaforth  locked  the  door  of  the  room, 
drew  his  sword,  and  called  upon  Duncan  to  clear 
himself  at  once  of  some  imaginary  charge,  or  he 
would  take  his  life.  Duncan,  who  had  left  his  sword 
in  the  hall  of  the  Castle,  had  no  weapon  to  defend 
himself  with,  but  Seaforth's  hound  was  lying  on  the 
floor  close  by.  Duncan  seized  it  by  the  legs  and 
threw  it  at  Seaforth,  and,  before  Seaforth  could 
recover  from  his  surprise,  Duncan  took  his  sword 
from  him.  Seaforth  was  so  pleased  with  Duncan's 
promptness  and  coolness  that  he  at  once  decided  to 
make  him  the  Captain  of  his  Guard. 

At  one  time  a  band  of  Camerons  came  to  Lochalsh 
and  stole  a  large  number  of  cattle  from  Matheson  of 
Fernaig.  When  this  became  known,  Duncan  and 
his  men  set  out  in  pursuit.  They  soon  discovered 
the  track  of  the  spoilers,  and  they  overtook  them  on 
the  borders  of  Lochiel's  country.  A  fight  ensued,  in 
which  the  Camerons  had  the  worst  of  it.  Not  only 
was  the  cattle  recovered,  but  in  the  course  of  the 
fight  Duncan,  assisted  by  his  brother  Eonachan  and 
Matheson  of  Fernaig,  the  owner  of  the  cattle,  over- 
came Lochiel's  three  chief  warriors,  and  led  them 
prisoners  to  Kintail.  When  Seaforth  heard  of  this 
he  sent  a  bantering  message  to  Lochiel  asking  him 
to  come  and  ransom  his  champions  from  their  prison. 
Lochiel  sent  for  the  prisoners,  but  at  the  same  time 
replied  to  Seaforth  that  the  Kintail  men  could  never 
have  taken  the  Cameron  champions  prisoners  in  fair 

316         THE  HISTORY  OF  THE   CLAN  MACRAE. 

fight.  Seaforth  then  offered  to  send  three  men  from 
Kintail  to  Lochiel  to  challenge  any  three  of  the 
Camerons  to  a  friendly  contest  of  feats  of  strength. 
Seaforth  wanted  the  same  three  men  to  go,  but  his 
father  would  not  allow  Eonachan  to  be  one  of  the 
three  because  he  was  too  young,  and  because  his 
impulsive  and  hasty  temper  might  cause  the  friendly 
contest  to  end  in  a  quarrel.  Eonachan's  place 
had  to  be  taken  by  his  brother  Donald.  Duncan, 
Donald,  and  Matheson  of  Fernaig  then  set  out  for 
Lochiel's  castle  at  Achnacarry.  On  the  way  it 
occurred  to  Duncan  that  his  brother  Donald  had 
not  yet  tried  the  strength  of  any  of  the  Cameron 
champions,  and  so,  when  next  they  stopped  to  rest, 
Duncan  proposed  to  his  brother  that  they  should 
wrestle  together.  They  did  so,  and  Duncan  was 
soon  satisfied  that  his  brother  was  equal  to  the  best 
of  the  Camerons.  When  they  arrived  at  Achna- 
carry Castle  they  were  received  with  much  hos- 
pitality, and  liberally  supplied  with  food  and  drink. 
In  due  time  the  hall  of  the  castle  was  cleared,  and 
a  large  number  of  men  who  had  come  together  to 
witness  the  contest  were  brought  in.  The  opposing 
champions  stood  forth  and  began  a  wrestling  match. 
The  Camerons  in  each  case  had  the  worst  of  it,  and 
Lochiel  was  so  much  disgusted  with  his  champions 
that  he  kicked  them  out  at  the  door.  He  then  in- 
vited the  Kintail  men  to  join  in  the  feast  with  his 
other  guests,  which  they  did.  As  the  cup  circulated 
freely  and  the  evening  wore  on,  some  of  the  Came- 
rons began  to  betray  their  real  feelings  towards  the 
vanquishers  of  their  champions,  and  occasionally  cast 


threatening  glances  at  Duncan  and  his  companions. 
But  Lochiel's  lady,  being  anxious  to  avoid  bloodshed, 
contrived  to  warn  the  men  of  their  danger. 
Duncan  took  the  hint,  and  taking  advantage  of  the 
first  favourable  opportunity,  he  quietly  got  his  com- 
panions out  without  exciting  any  suspicions,  while 
he  himself  was  engaged  in  conversation  with  Lochiel. 
Shortly  afterwards  he  slipped  out  also  and  joined 
them.  The  night  was  dark  and  stormy,  but  they 
betook  themselves  to  the  mountains  of  Glengarry. 
When  they  reached  the  river  Garry  towards  break 
of  day,  they  found  the  Camerons  in  close  pursuit 
with  firearms.  The  Kintail  men  plunged  into  the 
flooded  river  and  with  much  difficulty  gained  the 
other  side ;  but  the  Camerons  would  not  venture  to 
try  the  river,  and  so  they  returned  home  after 
following  the  Kintail  men  for  many  miles  to  no 

Another  version  of  this  legend  says  that  during 
the  feast  some  of  the  Camerons  made  the  door  fast 
to  prevent  the  escape  of  the  Macraes,  and  that  a 
servant  girl  (perhaps  from  Kintail)  made  them  aware 
of  this  by  whispering  to  one  of  them  to  get  out  by 
the  window,  and  that  on  a  signal  from  Duncan  they 
rushed  for  the  door,  broke  it  open,  and  escaped  into 
the  darkness,  challenging  the  Camerons  at  the  same 
time  to  follow  them. 

When  Duncan  was  a  young  man,  he  lived  for 
some  time  at  Killechuinard,  and  at  night  used  to 
swim  across  Lochduich  to  Inverinate  to  see  his 
sweetheart.  On  one  occasion,  as  he  was  half-way 
across,  he  suddenly  came  into  collision  with  a  bull 


swimming  in  the  opposite  direction.  The  angry  bull 
tried  to  gore  him,  and  though  Duncan  was  a  power- 
ful swimmer,  he  did  not  think  he  could  swim  against 
a  Highland  bull.  So  he  cleverly  contrived  to  get  on 
the  bull's  back,  and,  seizing  hold  of  his  horns,  he 
compelled  the  animal  to  swim  back  with  him  to 

Though  Duncan  was  a  warrior  of  renown  and  a 
mighty  hunter,  he  was  also  very  tender-hearted,  and 
always  ready  to  help  anyone  in  distress.  On  one 
occasion  a  servant  at  his  father's  sheiling  at  Caorun, 
in  the  Heights  of  Cluanie,  was  taken  ill  of  a  virulent 
fever,  and  while  others  were  afraid  to  go  near  her, 
Duncan  took  her  in  his  arms  and  carried  her  all  the 
way  down  to  Glenshiel,  where  she  received  proper 
attendance  and  recovered  from  her  illness.  She 
afterwards  composed  a  song  about  Duncan's  kind- 
ness, of  which  the  following  is  the  only  verse  that 
now  seems  to  be  known  : — 

Se  nigh'n  Alastair  Rhuaidh 

A  rug  a  bhuaidh, 

'S  cha  be  na  fuar  mhic  greananach ; 

Se  fear  mo  ghaoil 

A  macan  caomh, 

A  rinu  sa  Chaorun  eallach  dhiam.1 

It  has  already  been  stated2  that  Duncan  was 
killed  at  Sheriffmuir,  where,  according  to  tradition, 
he  fought  in  command  of  the  Kintail  contingent  of 

1  It  was  the  daughter  of  Alister  Roy  (Duncan's  maternal  grandfather) 
that  brought  forth  virtue  (or  blessing)  and  not  cold  and  surly  sons — the  man 
of  my  love  is  her  gentle  son,  who  took  me  up  as  a  burden  at  Caorun, 
2  Page  198. 


Seaforth's  regiments.     Mention  has  also  been  made 
of  the  stone  which  he  set  up  at  Achnagart  as  he  and 
his  followers  were  leaving  Kintail  on  that  occasion. 
It  is  said  that  in  the  retreat  after  the  battle  he  killed 
seven  troopers,  one  after  another,  with  his  claymore, 
until  at  last  one  of  them  came  upon  him  with  a  pair 
of  loaded  pistols,  shot  him,  and  left  him  for  dead  on 
the  field.1     During  the  night  another  Kintail  man 
called  John  Macrae,  and  commonly  known  as  Ian 
Mac  Fhionnla  Mhic  Ian  Bhuidhe,2  who  had  lost  his 
shoes  in  some  marshy  ground,  and  was  also  severely 
wounded,  revived  sufficiently  to  think  of  leaving  the 
fatal  field  under  cover  of  the  darkness,   and  com- 
mence the  homeward  journey.     He  accordingly  began 
to  search  among  the  dead  for  a  pair  of  shoes.     In  the 
course  of  the  search  he  came  upon  Duncan,  who  was 
still  alive  and  able  to  speak,  and  whose  voice  John 
immediately  recognised.    "Oh,  Dhonnachaidh  bhoc," 
said  John,  "  'n  tusa  tha  so,  ciod  e  a  thachair  riut  ? " 
(0,  poor  Duncan,  is  that  you  ;  what  has  happened  to 
you  ?)     "  Thug  iad  a  nasgaidh  mi  le  n  cuid  peileiran 
beag"  (They  have  done  for  me  without  any  trouble 
with  their  little  bullets,  replied  Duncan.)     He  then 
asked  for  a  drink,  and  John,  having  no  other  means 

1  In  British  Battles  on  Land  and  Sea,  James  Grant,  in  his  description  of 
Sheriffmuir,  gives  a  slightly  different  account  of  the  death  of  Duncan  Mor. 
He  Bays  that  :-"  Under  Duncan  Mor  the  Macraes  made  a  desperate  resist- 
ance, and  are  said  to  have  died  almost  to  a  man.  During  the  struggle,  and 
while  his  people  were  falling  around  him,  and  ere  he  fell  himself,  he  was 
frequently  seen  to  wave  his  reeking  sword  on  high,  and  heard  to  shout, 
"  Cobhair  I  Cobhair  !  an  ainm  Dhe  agus  Righ  Seuma*  "  (Help  I  Help  ...  the 
name  of  God  and  King  James).  Before  Duncan  fell  he  slew  fifteen  with  Ins 
own  hand,  which  was  so  much  swollen  in  the  hilt  of  his  claymore  that  .t  could 
with  difficulty  be  extricated." 

2  Page  256. 


of  fetching  a  drink,  took  one  of  Duncan's  shoes,  and 
brought  it  to  him  full  of  water.  The  water  revived 
him  so  much  that  he  was  able  to  give  John  a  full 
account  of  his  adventures  during  the  battle,  but 
before  the  morning  dawned  Duncan  was  numbered 
among  the  slain.  John  lived  to  accomplish  the 
homeward  journey,  and  it  was  he  who  brought  to 
Kintail  an  account  of  the  manner  of  the  death  of 
Donnacha  Mor  Mac  Alister.  There  is  a  tradition  in 
Kintail  that  a  sketch  of  Duncan  in  the  battle  was 
made  by  one  of  the  officers  of  the  Royalist  troops, 
and  that  it  was  exhibited  along  with  his  sword  in 
the  Tower  of  London. 


Eonachan  Dubh,1  Duncan's  youngest  brother,  is  also 
frequently  mentioned  in  connection  with  Duncan's 
adventures  with  the  Lochaber  cattle  lifters.  It  is 
related  of  Eonachan  that  on  one  occasion  he  pursued 
a  party  of  Lochaber  raiders  who  had  stolen  cattle 
fromMacleod  of  Glenelg,and  recovered  the  spoil  single 
handed.  As  the  Glenelg  men  were  returning  home 
from  an  unsuccessful  pursuit  they  met  Eonachan, 
and  when  they  told  him  where  they  had  been,  and 
how  they  had  failed  to  discover  any  trace  of  the 
raiders,  Eonachan  volunteered  to  set  out  at  once, 
and  alone,  in  search  of  them.  Late  at  night  he 
discovered  them  in  an  empty  sheiling  house,  where 
they  had  arranged  to  take  shelter  for  the  night,  and 
were  then  roasting  a  huge  piece  of  beef  on  a  spit 

1  Page  210, 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE   CLAN    MACRAE.  321 

for  their  supper.  Eonachan  presented  himself  as  a 
benighted  traveller,  and  asked  to  he  allowed  to 
share  the  shelter  of  the  hut  for  the  night.  This 
request  was  readily  granted.  After  sharing  in  their 
hospitality  he  entertained  them  for  some  time  with 
his  conversation,  and  at  last  went  out  to  the  door  to 
see  what  the  night  was  like.  It  was  very  dark,  and 
as  soon  as  he  got  outside  he  shouted  to  the  men 
within  that  the  cattle  had  all  gone  away.  One  of 
the  men  then  went  out  to  see,  hut  no  soonor  was  he 
outside  the  door  than  Eonachan,  who  was  prepared 
for  the  occasion,  threw  his  plaid  over  his  head, 
knocked  him  down,  and  gagged  and  bound  him 
before  he  had  time  to  utter  a  word.  Shortly  after- 
wards another  went  out  to  see  what  had  become  of 
their  companion,  but  Eonachan  dealt  in  the  same 
manner  with  him  also.  After  a  little  time  a  third  man 
went  out,  but  only  to  receive  the  same  treatment  as 
his  companions.  There  were  now  only  two  men  left  in 
the  hut,  and  Eonachan,  knowing  that  he  was  quite 
a  match  for  both  of  them  together,  called  upon  them 
to  yield,  which  they  did  without  further  resistance. 
These  two  men  he  gagged  and  bound  also.  The 
Lochaber  men  had  some  guns,  which  Eonachan 
rendered  useless  by  breaking  off  the  stocks.  He 
then  told  them  to  make  their  way  the  best  they 
could,  with  gagged  mouths  and  bound  hands,  to 
their  chief,  Lochiel,  with  Eonachan's  compliments. 
Having  thus  disposed  of  the  thieves,  he  collected 
the  cattle  and  drove  them  back  to  their  owner  in 

Eonachan  was  once  on  a  visit  to  Brahan  Castle, 


and  while  talking  with  the  Countess,  who  had  a  fire 
of  cinnamon  in  her  room,  she  asked  him  if  ever  he 
saw  such  a  fine  fire  as  that.  "  No,"  replied  Eonachan, 
"  the  fragrant  smell  of  that  fire  reaches  all  the  way 
to  the  cattle  folds  of  Kintail."  "How  is  that?" 
asked  the  Countess.  Eonachan  pointed  out  to  her 
that  her  extravagant  ways  had  make  it  necessary 
for  her  husband  to  increase  the  rents  which  his  Kin- 
tail  tenants  paid  for  their  cattle  folds.  The  Countess 
took  Eonachan's  pointed  reply  in  good  part  and  dis- 
continued the  cinnamon  fires.  When  Seaforth  heard 
of  this  he  told  Eonachan  that  the  Countess  insisted 
on  having  a  fresh  ox  tongue  on  her  table  at  dinner 
every  day  of  the  year,  and  that  if  Eonachan  could  cure 
her  of  this  extravagance,  as  he  had  done  in  the  matter 
of  the  cinnamon,  he  should  feel  deeply  indebted  to  him. 
Shortly  afterwards  Eonachan  was  going  to  Dingwall 
with  a  large  herd  of  cattle,  and,  as  he  approached 
Brahan,  he  directed  his  herdsmen  to  drive  three 
hundred  and  sixty-five  of  the  cattle  past  the  front 
of  the  Castle,  in  such  a  way  as  to  make  the  number 
appear  as  large  as  possible.  Having  given  these 
instructions,  he  himself  hurried  on  in  advance. 
When  he  arrived  at  the  Castle  he  was  kindly 
welcomed  by  both  Seaforth  and  his  lady.  As  he 
sat  by  one  of  the  windows  talking  with  the  lady  the 
herd  of  cattle  began  to  pass  by.  "  What  a  very  large 
herd  of  cattle,"  remarked  the  lady.  "Not  at  all," 
replied  Eonachan,  "it  is  only  as  many  as  you  require 
for  your  own  dinner  in  the  course  of  the  year."  She 
could  not  believe  that  she  required  so  many,  and  she 
asked  Eonachan  what  he  meant.      He  explained  to 


her  that  as  she  wanted  an  ox  tongue  every  day  for 
her  dinner,  and  as  an  ox  had  only  one  tongue,  it  was 
necessary  to  kill  three  hundred  and  sixty-five  oxen 
every  year  for  her  dinner,  and  that  was  exactly  the 
number  of  the  herd  then  passing  by. 

Eonachan  once  dreamt  that  his  sister,  who  was 
married  in  Lochaber,  was  He  was  so  im- 
pressed by  this  dream  that  he  tried  to  persuade  his 
brothers  to  go  with  him  to  Lochaber  to  see  how  she 
fared.  His  brothers  made  light  of  his  fears  and 
refused  to  go,  so  he  set  out  alone.  When  he  arrived 
at  his  sister's  house  he  found  that  she  was  not  only 
dead,  but  that  she  was  being  buried  on  that  same 
day.  He  then  started  after  the  funeral  party,  and 
overtook  them  as  they  arrived  at  the  churchyard. 
Here  there  arose  a  dispute  as  to  where  she  ought 
to  be  buried,  which  greatly  annoyed  her  brother. 
"  What  are  you  disputing  about  ?  "  said  he  ;  "  if 
there  is  no  room  in  Lochaber  for  her,  there  is  plenty 
of  room  in  Kintail ;  lift  the  coffin  on  my  back." 
They  did  so,  thinking  he  could  not  carry  it  very  far. 
For  a  long  time  they  watched  him,  expecting  every 
moment  to  see  him  lay  down  his  burden,  until  at 
last  he  disappeared  over  the  crest  of  a  hill.  They 
then  set  out  in  pursuit  of  him  to  recover  the  body 
and  bring  it  back  to  the  proper  place  of  burial,  but 
before  they  could  overtake  him  he  accidentally  fell 
in  with  some  men  from  Kintail,  who  helped  him 
to  carry  the  body  all  the  way  to  Kilduich,  where  it 
was  buried  with  all  due  ceremony. 



John,  son  of  the  Rev.  Finlay  Macrae  of  Lochalsh, 
was  considered  one  of  the  best  swordsmen  of  his  own 
time  in  the  Highlands.  One  Sunday,  while  Mr 
Finlay  was  conducting  divine  service  in  Lochalsh 
Church,  a  party  of  four  or  five  soldiers  came  across 
from  Glenelg,1  and  began  to  plunder  his  house. 
While  this  was  going  on  John,  who  was  returning 
home  from  a  journey,  arrived  at  an  inn  above  Auch- 
tertyre,  and  went  in  to  rest.  But  he  had  hardly  sat 
down  when  word  reached  him  of  what  was  going  on 
at  his  father's  house,  and,  setting  out  at  once  with 
all  speed,  he  overtook  the  soldiers  on  the  way  to 
their  boat  with  the  plunder.  He  told  them  to 
return  everything  they  took,  and  that  they  would  be 
allowed  to  depart  without  being  further  interfered 
with.  It  so  happened,  however,  that  as  John  was 
hurrying  along  to  catch  the  soldiers,  one  of  his 
garters  came  undone,  and,  instead  of  returning  their 
booty,  the  soldiers  began  to  make  fun  of  his  hose, 
which  had  slipped  down  about  his  ankle.  This  was 
more  than  John  could  stand,  and  falling  upon  the 
soldiers  with  his  sword,  he  killed  them  one  after 
another  before  they  could  reach  their  boat.  The 
place  where  the  soldiers  were  buried  is  still  pointed 
out.  It  is  quite  near  Lochalsh  Parish  Church,  and 
is  known  as  Blar  nan  Saighdear  (the  Soldiers'  Field). 

1  The  military  barracks  at  Gleuelg  were  built  iu  1722,  but  in  all  probability 
there  were  soldiers  stationed  in  that  neighbourhood  from  the  time  of  the  battle 
of  Glensheil  in  1719  onwards, 



Many  years  after  the  Battle  of  Sheriffmuir,  a  High- 
land drover,  who  was  conducting  his  herd  of  cattle 
to  the  Southern  markets,  arrived  late  one  night  near 
a  gentleman's  house  in  the  Braes  of  Stirling.  The 
gentleman  was  a  Captain  Macdougall,  who  had 
fought  on  the  Royalist  side  at  Sheriffmuir.  The 
drover  called  on  the  Captain  to  ask  permission  to 
halt  with  his  cattle  for  the  night  on  the  terms  which 
were  then  usual  in  such  circumstances.  The  permis- 
sion was  granted,  and  the  Captain  being  struck  by 
the  manner  and  appearance  of  the  old  drover,  invited 
him  to  pass  the  night  as  his  guest.  The  invitation 
was  accepted,  and,  in  the  course  of  conversation,  the 
Captain,  learning  that  his  guest  was  from  Kintail, 
asked  him  if  he  knew  a  place  called  Corriedhomhain. 
The  drover  replied  that  he  did,  and  the  Captain 
then  proceeded  to  relate  the  following  incident  of 
the  Battle  of  Sheriffmuir  :  "In  the  course  of  the 
pursuit  after  the  battle,"  continued  the  Captain,  "  I 
followed  a  stout  Highlander  with  three  well-mounted 
troopers.  The  Highlander,  perceiving  our  approach, 
faced  about,  took  off  his  plaid,  and,  carefully  folding 
it,  placed  it  on  the  ground  that  by  standing  on  it 
he  might  have  a  firmer  footing.  My  desire  being  to 
take  him  prisoner  and  not  to  kill  him.  we  closed 
upon  him  with  brandishing  swords,  and  commanded 
him  to  surrender.  This,  however,  he  was  not  dis- 
posed to  do,  and  one  of  the  troopers,  approaching  too 
near,  had  his  skull  cleft  in  two  by  a  stroke  of  the 


Highlander's  claymore.  As  another  instantly  shared 
a  similar  fate,  the  third  trooper  and  myself  thought 
it  prudent  to  keep  at  a  more  respectful  distance.  I 
was  so  greatly  struck  by  the  Highlander's  bearing 
and  swordsmanship  that  I  asked  him  who  he  was, 
but  the  only  information  he  would  give  me  was  that 
he  was  from  Corriedhomhain,  in  Kintail."  "  I  know 
the  man  as  well  as  I  know  myself,"  replied  the 
drover,  "  his  name  is  Duncan  Macrae."  "  Well 
then,"  replied  the  Captain,  "  give  him  my  compli- 
ments, tell  him  I  commanded  the  troopers  who 
attacked  him  in  the  retreat  from  SherhTmuir,  that  I 
have  ever  since  been  curious  to  know  the  name  and 
condition  of  such  an  excellent  swordsman  and  brave 
man,  and  that  I  wish  him  well."  "  I  will  do  so  with 
much  pleasure,"  replied  the  drover,  who  was  himself 
the  same  Duncan  Macrae,  of  Corriedhomhain,  who 
had  fought  the  four  troopers. 

This  Duncan  Macrae,  of  Corriedhomhain,  was 
known  in  Kintail  as  Donnacha  Mor  nan  Creach 
(Big  Duncan  of  the  Spoils).  He  belonged  to  a  family 
called  Clann  a  Chruiter  (the  descendants  of  the 
Harper),  and  said  to  be  descended  from  a  minstrel, 
probably  of  Irish  origin,  who  settled  in  Kintail  and 
adopted  the  name  Macrae.  Fionnla  Dubh  nan 
Fiadh  was  of  the  same  tribe.1 


There  was  once  a  lady  in  Assynt  who  owned  a  piece 
of  land  which  she  proposed  to  give  to  some  neigh- 

i  Page  298. 


bouring  laird,  on  condition  that  he  should  maintain 
her  in  comfort  for  the  rest  of  her  life.  Seaforth 
offered  to  maintain  her  in  Brahan  Castle  on  the 
terms  she  proposed,  but  the  old  lady,  preferring  to 
remain  near  her  own  home,  rejected  Seaforth's  offer 
and  came  to  terms  with  Macleod  of  Assynt.  Sea- 
forth was  annoyed  at  this,  and,  by  way  of  retaliation, 
sent  Murdoch  Macrae1  (Murrachadh  MacFhearachair), 
one  of  his  under  factors,  and  Coll  Ban  Macdonell 
of  Barisdale,  with  a  party  of  Kintail  men,  on  a 
harrying  expedition  to  Macleod's  estates  of  Assynt. 
In  the  course  of  their  raid  they  plundered  Macleod's 
house,  and,  among  other,  they  carried  away 
a  web  of  beautiful  tartan.  They  also  took  away  two 
mares,  which  were  afterwards  found  and  recognised 
on  the  farm  of  Barisdale.  When  Macleod  heard  of 
this  he  commenced  proceedings  against  Coll  of  Baris- 
dale for  the  theft  of  the  horses.  When  the  trial 
came  on,  the  horses  were  brought  to  Fort-Augustus 
to  be  identified,  and  were  kept  there  in  the  military 
stables.  But  when  it  became  known  to  the  men  of 
Kintail,  among  whom  Coll  of  Barisdale  was  very 
popular,  that  the  horses  were  being  taken  to  Fort- 
Augustus  to  be  used  as  evidence  against  him  in  the 
trial,  they  resolved  to  make  some  effort  to  put  the 
horses  out  of  the  way.  Accordingly,  Ian  Mor  Mac 
Mhaighster  Fionnla  (Big  John,  son  of  the  Rev. 
Finlay),  Ian  Mac  Fhearachair  (John,  son  of  Farquhar) 
of  Morvich,  and  Donnacha  Dubh  Mac  Dhonnachidh 
Mhic  Choinnich  Mhic  Rhuari  (Black  Duncan,  son  of 

IThis  Murdoch  (see  page  81)  was  the  father  of  the  Kiutail  poet,  Iau  Mac 


Duncan,  son  of  Kenneth,  son  of  Roderick),  a  Mac- 
kenzie of  Lochcarron,  set  out  for  Fort-Augustus. 
Passing  through  Strathglass,  they  arrived  at  Tomich 
Inn  early  in  the  evening  and  went  to  bed.  They 
then  called  the  innkeeper  to  come  in  to  them  and 
offered  him  a  glass  of  whisky.  In  the  morning, 
before  they  got  up,  they  called  him  in  again  and 
offered  him  another  glass.  This  they  did  that  in 
the  event  of  any  trouble  he  might  be  a  witness  that 
they  spent  the  whole  night  in  his  house.  But  as 
soon  as  the  people  of  the  inn  retired  to  rest,  the 
three  visitors  quietly  got  up  and  set  out  in  all  haste 
to  Fort-Augustus.  They  entered  the  stables  by  a 
hole  which  they  made  in  the  roof,  and  when  they 
found  Macleod's  stolen  mares  they  cut  off  their 
heads,  which  they  took  away  with  them  and  sank  in 
Loch  Ness.  They  then  returned  to  Tomich  Inn  and 
went  to  bed  again  before  daylight,  without  having 
been  missed  by  the  innkeeper  or  any  of  his  people. 
The  trial  of  Coll  of  Barisdale  fell  through  because 
the  headless  horses  could  not  be  identified  as  Mac- 
leod's lost  property. 

One  day,  a  long  time  after,  Murdoch  Macrae  was 
in  Inverness,  and  had  on  a  pair  of  hose  made  out  of 
Macleod  of  Assynt's  stolen  web  of  tartan.  It  so 
happened  that  Macleod  was  in  Inverness  on  the  same 
day,  and,  meeting  Murdoch  in  the  street,  he  re- 
cognised the  stolen  tartan  in  the  hose,  and  naturally 
concluded  that  Murdoch  was  one  of  the  Seaforth 
party  by  whom  his  house  had  been  pillaged.  Mac- 
leod resolved  to  be  avenged  upon  him,  and  com- 
municated the  matter  to  Macleod  of  Dunvegan  and 


Sir  Alexander  Macdonald  of  Sleat,  both  of  whom 
were  on  the  Government  side,  and  there  the  matter 
rested  for  some  time.     But  one  night,  about  a  month 
after  the  Battle  of  Culloden,  when  Murdoch  hap- 
pened to   be    in  the  house  of  Macdonald  of  Leek, 
in  Glengarry,  where  a  party  of  the  Skye  Militia 
was  stationed  at  the  time,  he  was  suddenly  seized 
by  a  party  of  soldiers  under  Macleod  of  Dunvegan, 
and  sent   with   a  letter  from  Sir   Alexander  Mac- 
donald to  Lord  Loudon,  who  was  then  stationed  at 
Fort-Augustus.     Loudon  sent  him  to  Inverness  in 
charge  of  an  escort  of  soldiers.     On  his  arrival  at 
Inverness,  Murdoch  was  brought  before  the  Duke  of 
Cumberland,  who,  at  the  instigation  of  Macleod  of 
Assynt,  ordered  him  to  be  hanged  at  once  as  a  spy 
from  the  Pretender.     Murdoch  was  hanged  on  an 
apple  tree  which  grew  at  the  Cross  of  Inverness, 
and  which  immediately  afterwards  withered.     His 
body,    which,    after   his    death,    had   been   stripped 
naked,  was  left  hanging  on  the  tree  for  two  days, 
and  then  buried  at  the  back  of  the  Church.1     While 
thus  exposed,  he  is  said  to  have  "  appeared  all  the 
time  as  if  he  had  been  sleeping,  his  mouth  and  eyes 
being  shut  close — a  very  uncommon  thing  in  those 
who  die  such  a  death."      This  execution  of  a,  man, 
believed  to  have  been  innocent,  appears  to  have  made 
a  deep  impression  in  Inverness.      There  are  several 
contemporary  references  to  it,  and  in  a  poem  entitled 
"The  Lament  of  the  Old   Cross  of  Inverness,"   in 
1768,  reference  is  made  to  the  withering  of  the  tree, 

l  For  a  fuller  account  of   the  hanging  of  Murdoch  Macrae,  see  Charles 
Fraser-Mackintosh's  Antiquarian  Xvtcs,  first  series,  pp.  206-U10. 


and  Murdoch  himself  is  mentioned  "as  a  man  of 
fame  and  reputation,"  who  enjoyed  the  esteem  of 
men  of  rank  and  worth,  and  had  never  deserted  his 
King  or  his  country. 


The  early  connection  between  the  Macraes  and 
the  Mackenzies  of  Gairloch  has  been  already  re- 
ferred to  (pages  9,  10),  and  some  Macrae  traditions 
from  Gairloch  will  be  found  in  Appendix  K. 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE.  331 


rev.  john  Macrae's  account  of  the  origin  of  the  macraes. 

As  to  the  origin  of  the  Macras,  tradition  tells  us  of  a  desperate 
engagement  'twixt  two  of  the  petty  Princes  of  Ireland,  in  which  a 
certain  young  man  signalized  himself  by  his  prowess,  defending 
himself  from  a  particular  attack  of  the  enemy,  which  others, 
observing,  said  in  Irish  words  signifying  he  was  a  fortunate  man 
if  he  could  award  the  danger  ;  from  whence  he  was  afterwards 
called  Macrath,  i.e.,  the  fortunate  son. 

It  is  allowed  this  clan  were  an  ancient  race  of  people  in  Ireland, 
and  had  of  old  great  estates  there,  have  produced  eminent  men, 
and  are  still  numerous  in  that  island. 

The  pronunciation  of  the  name  here  spelled  Macra,  varying 
with  the  dialect  of  the  country  where  any  of  the  clan  generally 
reside,  has  occasioned  various  ways  of  spelling  this  word,  as  is  the 
case  with  several  others  j  thus  in  Ireland  they  use  Macrath  and 
Magrath  ;  in  the  North  of  Scotland,  Macrah,  Macrae,  Maccraw, 
Macrow.  In  England  and  the  south  of  Scotland  the  Mac  is  left 
out,  from  an  ill-founded  prejudice,  and  the  name  Rae,  Craw,  Crow, 
and  such  like,  retained  as  being  of  the  same  stock.  A  more  par- 
ticular account  might  be  had  from  such  as  conversed  with  and  have 
known  those  historians  and  genealogists,  such  as  Fergus,  Mac- 
rourie,  Mildonich,  Maclean,  <5zc,  who  were  good  scholars,  and 
acquainted  with  the  manuscripts  and  records  of  Ireland  kept  for 
giving  an  account  of  the  tribes  who  came  from  Ireland  to  Scot- 
land, and  became  heads  of  families  and  chiefs  of  clans  ;  and  from 
them  I  heard  it  confidently  said  and  affirmed,  that  the  Mackenzies, 
Macleans,  and  Macraes  were  of  the  same  people  in  Ireland.  Yea,  I 
heard  Sir  Allan  Maclean  of  Doward,  who  was  curious  and  taught 
in  these  things,  being  at  Dingwall  in  the  year  1GG3,  say  no  less, 


and  it  is  as  certain  as  tradition  and  the  authorities  of  the  fore- 
mentioned  antiquaries  can  make  it,  that  a  Macra  had  his  tomb,  as 
well  as  Mackenzie  and  Maclean,  in  Icolumbkill,  and  that  close  by 
one  another.  Doctor  George  Mackenzie,  who  has  wrote  a  genea- 
logical and  historical  account  of  the  Mackenzies,  mentions  that 
when  Colin  Fitzgerald  came  from  Ireland  in  the  year  1263,  a 
number  of  the  Macras  were  of  his  party  at  the  battle  of  Largs,  in 
Ayrshire,  which,  it  is  natural  to  think,  was  in  consequence  of  a 
friendly  attachment  then  known  to  have  been  'twist  their  ancestors, 
as  is  since  continued  'tvvixt  their  descendants.  But  whether 
there  were  any  Macras  before  then  in  Scotland  I  cannot  determine, 
only  that  tradition  says  there  were  some  of  them  on  the  estate  of 
Lovat,  when  the  Bizets  were  lords  of  that  place,  which  titles  and 
estate  they  forfeited  and  lost,  according  to  Buchanan,  in  the 
following  manner: — Anno.  1242. — King  Alexander  the  Second,  with 
many  of  the  nobility,  being  at  Haddington,  Patrick  Cuming,  Earl 
of  Athole,  his  lodging  was  burnt  in  the  night  time,  and  he,  with 
two  of  his  servants,  perished  in  the  flames.  This  fire  was  judged 
not  to  be  accidental,  and  because  of  an  enmity  'twixt  him  and 
William  Bizet,  nephew  to  King  William  The  Lyon,  and  eldest  son 
of  John  Bizet,  the  first  Lord  Lovat  of  that  name,  the  suspicion  was 
fixed  upon  him.  William  endeavoured  to  exculpate  himself  by 
offering  to  prove  his  being  in  Forfar  the  night  of  the  burning,  and 
also  offered  to  vindicate  himself  by  combat,  as  the  custom  then 
was.  But  neither  would  do,  so  that  he  was  summoned  criminally 
to  a  certain  day,  when,  finding  the  interest  and  power  of  his 
adversaries  too  great  for  him,  or  being  conscious  of  his  own  acces- 
sion to  the  crime,  he  did  not  appear,  so  was  sentenced  and  forfeited, 
but,  by  reason  of  his  connection  with  the  Royal  Family,  the  King 
gave  him  a  reprieve,  with  liberty  to  go  to  Ireland,  where  he  had 
an  estate  in  a  place  called  Gleuns  of  Glenmores,  the  rents  of 
which  estate  were  on  certain  occasions  before  this  forfeiture  col- 
lected by  persons  sent  on  purpose  from  the  estate  of  Lovat,  as 
they  were  in  like  manner  sent  to'  raise  the  rents  of  Glenelg  when 
in  possession  of  this  family. 

The  ruin  of  this  William  Bizet  did  not  satisfy  the  Cumings. 
They  level  next  at  his  brother,  John,  Lord  Lovat,  who,  by  his  own 
folly,  hastened  what  they  desired,  for  in  the  next  year,  1243,  he 
joined  Macdonald  in  his  rebellion  against  the  King,  and  when 


Macdonald  was  forced  to  return  to  the  Isles,  the  King  commanded 
the  Earl  of  Ross  to  apprehend  John  Bizet,  Lord  Lovat,  which  he, 
having  heard,  went  and  lurked  in  Achterlies,  but  a  price  being  set 
on  his  head,  he  was  taken  by  George  Dempster  of  Moorhouse  in 
the  wood  of  Achterlies,  and  sent  to  the  King,  by  whom  he  was 
sentenced  and  forfeited,  but  was  reprieved,  as  was  his  brother 
William,  with  liberty  to  go  to  Ireland.  This  John  Bizet  had  00 
children  but  thi-ee  daughters,  on  whom  the  King  bestowed  the 
estates  as  their  portions  because  of  their  relation  to  the  Royal 
family — Agnes,  the  daughter  of  King  William  the  Lyon,  being  the 
mother  of  this  John.  The  eldest  daughter,  Mary,  with  the  greatest 
part  of  the  lordship  of  Lovat  and  title  of  Lord  Lovat,  was  given 
by  the  King  to  Sir  Simon  Fraser  of  Kinnel,  second  son  of 
Alexander  Fraser  of  Twcedale,  Anno.  1247.  Elizabeth,  the  second 
daughter,  was  married  to  Andreas  Aboses  of  Spitewood,  and 
Cecilia,  the  youngest,  to  William  Lord  Fenton,  whose  portion  of 
the  estate  with  her  was  the  Braes  of  the  Aird,  Ercliss,  Sirathglass, 
Buntaite,  Guisachan,  and  Glenelg,  all  which  fell  in  again  to  the 
next  Lord  Fraser  of  Lovat  with  Janet,  daughter  to  Lord  Fenton, 
Anno.  1279. 

When  I  lived  at  Kilmorack,  in  the  year  1672,  a  strong  wind 
having  cast  down  the  top  stone  of  the  easter  gable  of  the  Kirk  of 
Beauly,  it  fell  on  the  altar  and  broke  to  pieces,  whereof  I  laid  most 
together,  and  found  the  letters  M.  B.,  supposed  to  be  the  initials 
of  Mary  Bizet,  raised  on  it  in  large  letters.  She  was  thought  to 
have  caused  build  or  at  least  finish  this  gable  and  side  walls 
adjoining  the  length  of  St  Catherine  and  St  Cross'  Chapels. 

In  the  year  1249,  King  Alexander  the  Second  died,  and  William 
and  John  Bizet  having  gone  to  Ireland  and  settled  their  families 
there,  their  three  brothers,  Walter,  Malcom,  and  Leonard,  who 
lived  in  Killiechuimen  and  Abertarff,  finding  the  Bizcts  greatly 
hated,  followed  them  to  Ireland. 

All  this  time  the  Macras  continued  on  the  lordship  of  Lovat, 
and  Mary  Bizet  having  been  fostered  in  the  house  of  Macra  of 
Cluues,  had  a  kindness  for  him,  and  a  deference  to  his  counsel  and 
advices,  which  was  a  means  of  bringing  him  to  the  favour  of  her 
husband,  Simon,  the  first  Lord  Fraser  of  Lovat,  and  from  him 
continued  'twixt  their  successors  till  the  Macras  removed.  Nor 
was  it  afterwards  forgot,  as  will  appear  in  the  sequel. 


The  Macras  were  faithful  and  serviceable  adherents  of  the 
family,  an  instance  of  which  was  thus  : — There  was  in  Ardmeanach 
about  this  time  a  man  of  numerous  kindred  and  followers  called 
Loban,  aguamed  Gilligorm,  who  had  a  claim  or  quarrel  against  the 
family  of  Lovat,  and  in  their  repeated  attacks,  and  while  Lord 
Lovat  was  frequently  from  home  and  at  Court,  the  Macras  opposed 
them  valiantly  and  with  open  hostility.  But  the  second  or  third 
Lord  Fraser  of  Lovat,  judging  it  for  his  interest  to  put  an  end  to 
so  troublesome  a  quarrel,  brought  from  the  south  country  twenty- 
four  gentlemen  of  his  name,  some  of  whose  posterity,  as  I'm 
informed,  live  yet  in  the  Aird.  With  these  and  the  Macras,  and 
such  others  as  he  could  get  and  thought  necessary,  he  marches 
directly  against  Gilligorm,  who,  with  all  the  forces  he  could  make 
ready,  were  prepared  to  receive  him,  and  after  some  proposals  of 
peace  made  and  rejected,  did  in  end  engage  in  set  fight  upon  the 
Moor  of  Drimderfit,  above  Kessock,  called  since,  from  the  dismal 
effects  of  that  fight,  Drimdeair,  i.e.,  the  Ridge  of  Tears. 

Both  parties  fought  resolutely,  and  Gilligorm  being  killed,  his 
kindred  and  followers  were  almost  totally  cut  off.1  Lovat  carried 
away  the  spoil,  and  Gilligorm's  relict,  who  was  with  child,  and 
thought  was  related  to  the  family  of  Lovat,  where  it  was  resolved, 
if  she  would  bring  forth  a  male  child,  he  should  be  destroyed 
lest  he  should  remember  and  revenge  his  father's  death.  But  by 
the  time  she  was  delivered,  and  that  of  a  son,  humanity  prevailed 
over  their  first  intended  cruelty  so  far  as  that  they  were  satisfied 
with  having  his  back  broken  that  he  might  not  be  a  man  of  arms. 
He  was  given  to  the  monks  of  Beauly  to  be  taught  and  learned 
there.  He  made  a  good  progress,  and,  coming  to  perfect  age, 
entered  into  Orders  and  became  a  priest,  and  was  called  Croter 
or  Cratach  Mac  Gilligorm.  He  travelled  to  the  West  Coast 
and  the  Isle  of  Skye.  He  laid  the  foundation  of,  and  built  the 
church  of  Kilmore,  in  Slate,  and  of  Kilichoinen,  in  Glenelg, 
and  though  he  lived  about  the  time  of  Pope  Innocent  the  Third, 
who  possessed  the  Chair  in  the  beginning  of  the  13th  century,  he 
did  not  observe  his  decree  against  the  marriage  of  the  clergy,  for 
this  Pope  was  the  first  who  made  that  law,  and  although  before  his 

1  In  a  note  added  to  a  transcript  copy  of  the  Rev.  John  Macrae's  MS.,  in 
1785,  it  is  stated  that  there  were  several  cairns  of  stones  then  on  the  site  of 
the  battle,  and  that  the  largest  of  them  was  believed  to  mark  the  grave  of 
Gilligorm  himself, 


time  many  churchmen  did  abstain  from  marriage  and  led  a  single 
life,  yet  it  was  free  for  any  churchman  of  the  Superior  or  Inferior 
Order  to  marry,  as  appears  by  the  story  of  St  Hylarie.  He  was 
Bishop  of  Poictiers,  in  France,  and  having  gone  to  the  East  to 
reform  the  Arian  Heresy,  heard  that  a  young  nobleman  treated 
with  his  daughter,  Abra,  for  marriage,  he  wrote  to  his  daughter 
not  to  accept  of  the  offer,  since  he  had  provided  for  her  a  far 
better  husband.  The  daughter  obeyed,  and  before  he  returned 
the  father  prayed  that  his  daughter  might  die  quietly,  wherein 
God  heard  his  prayer,  which,  when  his  wife,  her  mother,  under- 
stood, she  never  ceased  importune  him  till  she  obtained  the  like 
favour,  as  Baptista  Mantuanns  writes  of  him. 

But,  to  return  to  Croter  MacGilligorm  :  he  did  not,  I  say, 
observe  the  Pope's  said  decree,  but  married  and  had  children  ;  and 
in  memory  of  Finanus,  then  a  renowned  saint,  called  one  of  his 
sons  Gillifinan,  usually  pronounced  Gillinan,  the  letters  turning 
quiescent  in  the  compound,  and  the  son  of  that  man  again  was 
patronimically  called  MacGillinan,  whose  successors  are  now  in  the 
North  of  Scotland  called  Maclinans. 

Now,  to  compensate  for  this  long  and,  perhaps  you  may  think, 
needless  digression,  there  are  two  vulgar  errors  discovered.  The 
first  is  that  the  battle  of  Drumderfit  was  fought  'twixt  the  Macras 
and  Maclinans,  and  that  Lovat  had  sent  his  men  only  to  assist  the 
Macras,  whereas  there  were  not  such  a  race  of  men  then  in  being 
as  Maclinans,  and  what  the  Macras  did  was  only  as  followers  of 
Lord  Lovat.  The  other  error  is  that  the  Macras  came  to  Kintail 
as  soon  as  Colin  Fitzgerald,  of  whom  the  Mackenzies  are  descended, 
which  cannot  hold,  as  Simon,  the  first  Fraser  Lord  Lovat,  married 
Mary  Bizet,  Anno.  1247,  which  was  but  nineteen  years  before  Colin 
Fitzgerald  got  his  charter  of  Kintail  from  the  King,  Anno.  1266  ; 
and  the  Macras,  living  on  the  Lordship  of  Lovat,  during  the  time 
at  least  of  three  Lords  of  that  name,  cannot  be  supposed  to  have 
come  to  Kintail  till  a  considerable  time  thereafter.  But  why  or 
how  the  Macras  removed  so  totally  from  the  Lordship  of  Lovat  and 
from  Urquhart,  where,  being  in  alliance  with  the  Macleans,  they 
likewise  possessed  several  lands,  is  nut  at  this  distance  of  time 
easily  accounted  for,  especially  as  it  was  never  known  that  there 
was  any  misunderstanding  betwixt  Lovat  or  his  friends  and  them. 
On  the  contrary  such  of  the  Macras  as  lived  in  the  neighbourhood 


of  the  Frasers  still  kept  up  a  good  and  friendly  correspondence, 
and  Lovat  likewise  had  a  grateful  remembrance  of  their  good 
services  and  fidelity  to  him  and  his  family,  so  that  we  may  conclude 
they  did  not  remove  at  once,  but  at  different  times,  as  circumstances 
favoured  them." 

The  Rev.  John  Macrae  then  proceeds  to  give  an  account  of  the 
migration  of  the  Macraes  to  Kintail.  This  account  is  summarised 
in  Chapter  I. 


The  name  Maclennan  (in  Gaelic  Mac  Gillinnein),  the  traditional 
origin  of  which  is  incidentally  given  in  the  above  extract,  means  son 
of  the  servant  of  Finnan.  St  Finnan,  who  flourished  about  a.d.  575, 
was  a  native  of  Ireland,  and  one  of  the  companions  of  St  Columba. 
Others  derive  the  name  Maclennan  from  Mac  Gille  Adhamhnain. 
Adamnan,  who  became  Abbot  of  Iona  in  679,  was  the  author  of  a 
famous  life  of  St  Columba.  The  first  derivation,  which  is  the  one 
given  by  the  Rev.  John  Macrae  in  the  above  extract,  seems  the 
more  probable,1  though  the  name  of  Adamnan  appears  in  so  many 
different  forms  that  it  is  difficult  to  say  what  names  may  or  may 
not  be  derived  from  it.  The  Maclennans  were  at  one  time  numer- 
ous in  Kintail,  and  tradition  has  preserved  the  name  of  Domhnull 
Buidhe  Mac  Gillinnein  as  one  of  the  chief  of  the  Kintail  warriors 
in  the  feud  with  Glengarry.  There  is  a  well-known  tradition  that 
eighteen  of  the  chief  Maclennans  of  Kintail  were  killed  in  the 
Battle  of  Auldearn,  in  1645,  and  that  their  widows  were  after- 
wards married  by  Macraes,  who  thus  acquired  possession  of  the 
Maclennan  holdings,  and  so  became  the  leading  name  in  Kintail. 
But  it  is  a  tradition  that  has  no  trace  of  any  foundation  in  fact. 
We  have  full  contemporary  accounts  of  the  Battle  of  Auldearn, 
where  only  four  Kintail  men  were  killed,  two  Maclennans  and  two 
Macraes,  viz.: — Roderick  Maclennan,  called  Ruari  Mac  Ian 
Dhomh'uill  Bhain,  the  chief  standard-bearer  of  Kintail  ;  his 
brother,  Donald  Maclennan  ;  Malcolm  Macrae,  2  son-in-law  of  the 
Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae;  and  Duncan  Macrae,  called  Donnacha 
Mac  Ian  Oig.3      It  had  been  arranged  before  the  battle  that  Sea- 

1  See  Maebaiu's  Gaelic  Dictionary.     2  page  68.      3  page  187. 


forth,  who  was  ostensibly  fighting  against  Montrose,  but  had 
already  resolved  to  change  sides,  should  withdraw  his  men  without 
fighting.  But  the  men  themselves  were  not  aware  of  this,  and  con- 
sequently, when  they  received  the  order  to  retreat,  many  of  them 
refused  to  do  so.  Maclennan,  the  standard-bearer,  indignant  at  the 
thought  that  the  banner  which  had  so  often  been  victorious  should 
flee  in  his  hands,  fixed  the  staff  in  the  ground,  and  stood  by  it 
with  his  two-handed  sword  drawn.  A  number  of  Seaforth's  nan 
rallied  round  him  and  refused  to  surrender  until  the  brave 
standard-bearer  was  shot.  Several  others  were  killed  during  this 
incident,  but  only  the  above-mentioned  four  were  from  Kintail. 

There  is  a  tradition  that  when  Colin,  first  Earl  of  Seaforth, 
built  Brahan  Castle  and  fixed  his  residence  there,  most  of  the 
Maclennans  left  Kintail  and  settled  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Sea- 
forth's new  home.1  This  is  not  at  all  improbable,  as  the  name 
Maclennan  was,  aud  still  is,  fairly  common  in  the  country  round 
about  Brahan.  There  are  only  a  few  Maclennans  mentioned  in 
the  Rent  Rolls  given  in  Appendix  H,  so  that  at  that  time  they 
could  not  have  occupied  a  very  important  position  in  Kintail. 
We  are  told  that  there  were  several  Maclennans  in  Glensheil 
about  1790,  and  that  though  there  were  many  points  of  difference 
between  themselves  and  the  Macraes,  yet  they  were  always  ready 
to  join  the  Macraes  in  defence  of  their  common  country  against 
every  foe.2 

1  Tradition  communicated  to  the  author  by  Sir  Alexander  Maclennan, 
Craig  House,  Lochcarron. 

'Old  Statistical  Accounts  "f  Kintail  and  Glensheil. 

338  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 



The  following  account  of  Gregory,  or,  as  he  is  called  in  The 
Prophecy  of  St  Berchan,  Grig  the  Mac  Rath,  a  contemporary  of 
Alfred  the  Great,  and  one  of  the  greatest  of  the  early  Kings  of 
Scotland,  is  abridged  from  Chronicles  of  the  Scots,  edited  by 
William  Forbes  Skene,  LL.D.  : — 

The  Prophecy  of  St  Berchan  consists  of  two  Irish  manuscripts, 
written  probably  about  the  time  of  Donald  Bane,  who  was  King  of 
Scotland  from  1093  to  1098.  It  contains  a  list  of  Kings  of  Scot- 
land from  Kenneth  Macalpin  to  Donald  Bane  in  the  form  of  a 
prophecy  attributed  to  St  Berchan,  who  lived  towards  the  end  of 
the  seventh  century.  The  names  of  the  kings  are  concealed 
under  epithets,  and  Grig,  the  son  of  Dungal,  who  reigned  during 
the  last  quarter  of  the  ninth  century,  is  called  Mac  Rath.  The 
following  is  a  translation  of  some  of  the  parts  of  the  prophecy 
which  refer  to  him  : — 

Till  the  Mac  Rath  shall  come, 

He  shall  sit  over  Alban  as  sole  chief ; 

Low  was  Britain  in  his  time, 

High  was  Alban  of  melodious  cities. 

Pleasant  is  it  to  my  heart  and  body, 
My  spirit  relates  good  to  me, 
As  King  the  Mac  Rath  in  the  Eastern  land, 
Under  ravenous  misfortune  to  Alban. 

Seventeen  years  of  warding  valour, 

In  the  sovereignty  of  Alban  ; 

There  shall  be  slaves  to  him  in  the  house — 

Saxons,  Galls,  and  Britons. 

Grig  founded  a  church  among  the  Picts  of  Maghcircin  (or  Meams). 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE.  339 

Loug  afterwards  there  was  a  church  in  Mearns  dedicated  to  St 
Cyricus,  and  called  in  old  charters  Ecclesgreig  (Grig's  Church). 
Grig  and  St  Cyricus  were  probably  not  the  same,  but  they  appear 
to  have  been  in  some  way  connected. 

In  the  Chronicle  of  the  Scots  and  Picts  we  find  the  following 
entry  : — 

Grig  Mac  Dungal  xii  annos  regnavit  et  mortuus  est  in 
Duudurn  et  sepultus  est  in  Iona  insula.  Hie  subjugavit  sibi 
totarn  Yberniam  et  fere  totam  Angliam  et  hie  primus  dedit 
libertatem  ecclesiae  Scoticanae  que  sub  servitute  erat  usque  ad 
illud  tempus  ex  consuetudiue  et  more  Pictoruni.1 

After  a  reign,  variously  stated  from  eleven  to  eighteen  years,  of 
great  prosperity  and  dutiful  devotion  to  the  interests  of  the  Church, 
Gregory  is  said  to  have  been  slain  in  battle  at  Dundurn,  which, 
according  to  Skene,  was  situated  somewhere  about  the  east  end  of 
Lochearn,  but  as  a  matter  of  fact,  the  place  and  manner  of  his 
death,  as  well  as  the  date  of  it,  are  somewhat  uncertain.  The 
time  in  which  he  lived  is  roughly  fixed  by  a  great  eclipse  of  the 
sun,  which,  according  to  the  Pictish  Chronicle,  occurred  ki  the 
ninth  year  of  his  reign.  The  eclipse  is  known  to  have  occurred 
on  the  16th  June,  885.  This,  so  far  as  known,  is  the  earliest 
recorded  instance  of  the  name  Mac  Rath  in  Scotland.  He  was 
a  Son  of  Grace  in  his  devotion  to  the  Christian  Church,  and 
he  was  also  a  Son  of  Fortune  in  his  wars  with  the  neighbouring 
tribes,  as  well  as  with  the  Danes,  whom  he  drove  out  of  his  king- 
dom. Though  he  was  nominally  King  of  Scotland,  his  actual  rule 
was  probably  limited  to  the  countries  round  about  Scone,  in  Perth- 
shire, which  was  the  Capital  of  those  early  Scottish  Kings,  and  it  is 
interesting  to  note  that  the  name  Mac  Rath  appears  to  have  been 
somewhat  common  in  that  part  of  Perthshire  in  the  fourteenth 
and  fifteenth  centuries.  Gregory  is  also  said  to  have  built  the 
city  of  Aberdeen. 

1  "  Grig,  sou  of  Dungal,  reigned  twelve  year.*  ami  died  at  Dundurn,  and 
was  buried  iu  the  Island  of  Iona.  He  subdued  to  himself  Ireland  and  nearly 
all  England,  and  he  6rst  gave  freedom  to  the  Scottish  Church,  which  until 
that  time  was  in  servitude  according  to  the  constitution  and  custom  of  the 
Picts."  There  is  some  reason  to  believe  that  he  invaded  the  Kingdom  of 
Northumbria,  which  at  this  time  was  harassed  by  the  Danes,  but  there  dues 
not  appear  to  be  any  foundation  for  the  statement  with  regard  to  Ireland. 

340  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN   MACRAE. 

The  following  legend  is  from  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  Book  : — 
On  one  occasion  Fionn  and  six  of  the  chief  princes  were  all 
drinking  together  at  Alvie.  They  were  accompanied  by  their 
wives,  and  as  the  cup  circulated  and  took  effect  the  women  began 
to  talk  among  themselves  of  their  chastity.  No  women  on  earth 
could  be  more  chaste  than  they.  While  this  talk  was  going  on  a 
maid  was  seen  approaching  the  company.  Her  covering  was  a 
single  seamless  robe  of  spotless  white  from  end  to  end.  Fionn 
asked  what  virtue  was  there  in  her  seamless  robe.  She  replied — 
"  My  seamless  robe  has  the  strange  power,  that  such  women  as  are 
not  chaste  can  find  no  shelter  in  its  folds.  It  shields  none  but  the 
spotless  wife."  The  princes  then  insisted  that  their  wives,  each 
one  in  her  turn,  should  try  on  the  seamless  robe.  They  did  so,  but 
the  robe  would  not  fit  them  or  spread  out  over  them  or  cover  their 
persons.  "  Give  my  wife  the  seamless  robe,"  said  M'Raa,1  "  for  I 
have  no  fear  as  to  the  result."  M'Raa's  wife  took  the  robe,  which 
fitted  her  and  spread  over  her  so  easily  that  no  part  of  her  person 
remained  exposed. 

i  The  name  is  so  spelled  in  the  original  text ;  in  the  English  translation  it 
is  rendered  MaeRea.  It  has  been  questioned  on  competent  authority  whether 
this  is  the  same  as  the  modern  name  Macrae. 




"At  Ballachulish,  in  Lochaber,  upon  the  eighth  day  of  October, 
one  thousand  seven  hundred  and  two  years,  it  is  condescended 
and  agreed  to  betwixt  the  parties  following,  viz.: — George  Camp- 
bell of  Craignish,  on  the  one  part,  and  Farquhar  Macra  of 
Inverinate ;  Master  Donald  Macra,  minister  of  the  Gospel,  in 
Kintail ;  Donald  Macra  of  Camuslniny  ;  John  Macra,  in  Achyark  ; 
Duncan  Macra,  son  of  Christopher  Macra,  in  Ariyugan ;  and 
Kenneth  Macra,  brother  german  to  the  said  Farquhar  Macra  of 
Inverinate,  all  in  Kintail,  in  name  and  behalf  of  the  hail  remnant, 
gentlemen  and  others  of  the  said  name  of  Ra,  in  Kintail  and 
elsewhere,  lineally  descended  of  their  forbearers  and  predecessors 
on  the  other  part ;  that  is  to  say — Forasmuch  as  the  said  George 
Campbell  of  Craignish,  and  the  saids  Farquhar,  Mr  Donald,  Donald, 
John,  Duncan,  and  Kenneth  Macras,  have  at  date  hereof  seriously 
considered  what  relation,  firm  friendship,  and  correspondence  has 
been  of  old  and  hitherto  continued  betwixt  the  Campbells  of 
Craignish,  the  said  George  Campbell,  now  of  Craignish,  his  prede- 
cessors, and  the  forebearers  and  predecessors  of  the  said  Farquhar 
Macra  of  Inverinate,  and  others  above  written,  and  all  others  of 
the  said  name  of  Ra,  and  the  great  love  and  favour  each  of  them 
did  bear  to  other,  both  by  the  said  George  Campbell  of  Craignish 
and  his  predecessors,  taking  the  part  of  any  of  the  said  name  "I' 
Macra,  in  all  lawful  causes,  defending  the  samen  against  others 
when  occasion  required,  and  the  firm,  stable,  and  sure  love  and 
favour  the  said  Farquhar  Macra  and  others  foresaid,  of  the  said 
name  of  Macra,  and  their  predecessors,  did  and  doth  bear  to  the 
said  George  Campbell  of  Craignish  and  his  predecessors,  and  the 


acts  of  kindness  and  friendship  done  by  the  said  name  of  Macra 
to  the  said  family  of  Craignish,  when  occasion  offered,  in  all  time 
bygone.  And  now  for  the  more  firm  and  sure  upholding  and 
maintaining  of  the  said  relationship,  friendship,  and  correspond- 
ence, and  for  the  better  keeping  and  preserving  the  samen  on 
record,  in  all  time  coming,  the  said  George  Campbell  of  Craig- 
nish,  by  their  presents,  binds  and  obliges  him,  his  heirs  and 
successors,  to  maintain,  and  in  hand  take  the  part  of  any  of  the 
said  name  of  Macra  in  all  lawful  causes,  and  defend  the  samen,  to 
the  uttermost  of  their  power,  against  any  other  person,  their  duty 
to  Her  Majesty  and  Her  Highness'  successors  and  Council,  and 
their  immediate  lawful  superiors,  alwise  excepted.  And  sicklike 
the  saids  Farquhar  Macra,  Mr  Donald,  Donald,  John,  Duncan,  and 
Kenneth  Macra,  in  name  and  behalf  foresaid,  for  them,  their  heirs, 
and  all  others  lineally  descending  of  their  bodies,  by  their  presents, 
binds  and  obliges  them  and  their  foresaids,  so  far  as  they  may  do 
by  law,  to  own,  maintain,  and  in  hand  take  the  part  of  the  said 
George  Campbell  of  Craignish  or  his  foresaids,  or  any  others 
lineally  descending  of  his  family,  in  all  lawful  causes,  and  defend 
any  of  the  said  family,  to  the  utmost  of  their  power,  against  all 
other  person  or  persons,  their  duty  to  Her  Majesty  and  Her  High- 
ness' successors  and  Council,  and  their  immediate  lawful  superiors, 
all  is  excepted.  And  both  the  said  parties  obliges  them  and  their 
foresaids  to  renew  and  reiterate  their  presents,  as  oft  as  they  will 
be  required  thereto,  that  the  samen  may  be  kept  in  record  and 
memory  ad  futuram  rei  memoriam. 

"  In  testimony  hereof  (written  by  John  Campbell,  younger  of 
Balmillin),  both  parties  have  subscribed  their  presents,  place,  day, 
month,  and  year,  foresaid,  before  these  witnesses  :  —  Ronald 
Campbell  of  Lagganlochta  ;  Ronald  Campbell,  brother  german  to 
the  said  George  Campbell  of  Craignish ;  Archibald  Campbell, 
merchant  in  Kilvoran,  in  Islay  ;  and  the  said  John  Campbell, 
writer  hereof. 

(Signed)     "  Geo.  Campbell.  Farqr.  Macra. 

"  Mr  Dond.  Macrah.       D.  Mackra. 

"  John  Macrah.  Dun.  Macra. 

"  Ken.  Macra. 

"  Ron.  Campbell,  Witness.         Ron.  Campbell,  Witness. 
"  Arch.  Campbell,  Witness.       J.  Campbell,  Witness." 




The  two  regiments  now  linked  together  as  the  Seaforth  High- 
landers are  the  72nd  Highlanders  (the  Duke  of  Albany's  Own 
Highlanders)  and  the  78th  Highlanders  (the  Ross-shire  Buffs). 
The  72nd,  now  the  First  Battalion  of  the  Seaforth  Highlanders, 
■was  raised  by  Kenneth,  Earl  of  Seaforth.  It  was  inspected  and 
passed  at  Elgin  on  the  loth  of  May,  1778,  and  was  numbered 
the  78th.  In  1786  it  was  re-numbered  the  72nd,  and  in  1822 
received  the  additional  name  of  The  Duke  of  Albany's  Own 
Highlanders,  Albany  being  the  second  title  of  the  Duke  of  York, 
then  the  Commander-in-Chief  of  the  British  Army.  It  is  usually 
stated  that  this  regiment  was  recruited  largely  from  the  Macraes, 
but  an  examination  of  the  muster  roll  of  the  men  who  were 
inspected  and  passed  in  Elgin  in  May,  1778,  shows  that  although 
there  were  several  Macraes  among  them,  yet  they  formed  but  a 
small  proportion  of  the  whole  regiment.  The  Ross-shire  names  on 
the  roll  are  comparatively  few,  and  so  far  as  can  be  judged  from 
names,  the  recruits  might  have  been  brought  together  from  all 
parts  of  the  United  Kingdom.  The  majority  were  in  all  proba- 
bility Highlanders,  and  the  Macraes  became  so  prominent  in  this 
regiment,  not  because  of  their  number,  but  because  of  the  part 
they  took  as  ringleaders  in  the  Mutiny,  which  is  known  as  "  The 
Affair  of  the  Macraes." 

From  Elgin  the  regiment  proceeded  to  Edinburgh,  where  it 
was  ordered  to  be  kept  in  readiness  to  embark  for  India. 
During  their  sojourn  in  Edinburgh,  many  of  the  men  were  billeted 
in  the  Canongate  and  other  parts  of  the  city,  and  among  them 
there  arose  a  rumour  that  the  regiment  had  been  sold  to  the  East 


India  Company.  But  this  was  not  the  only  grievance.  The 
bounty  money  promised,  and  also  their  pay,  were  in  arrears,  and 
the  result  was  that  on  Tuesday,  the  22nd  of  September,  1778, 
when  the  regiment  assembled,  and  were  about  to  proceed  to  Leith 
to  embark  there,  a  large  number  of  men  refused  to  march  until 
their  grievances  were  attended  to.  The  officers  were  insulted  and 
stoned  by  the  populace,  who  were  in  complete  sympathy  with  the 
men.  A  scene  of  great  confusion  ensued,  and,  notwithstanding 
Seaforth's  efforts  to  allay  the  mutinous  feeling  by  promising  that 
their  demands  should  be  complied  with  as  soon  as  possible,  five 
hundred  Highlanders  shouldered  their  arms,  set  off  at  a  quick 
pace,  with  pipes  playing  and  two  plaids  fixed  on  poles  for  colours, 
to  Arthur's  Seat,  where  they  took  up  a  position  of  such  natural 
strength  that,  with  the  arms  of  those  days,  it  would  be  no  easy 
matter  to  compel  them  to  surrender.  Here  they  remained  for 
some  days,  being  liberally  supplied  with  food  and  even  ammuni- 
tion by  the  people  of  Edinburgh  and  Leith,  among  whom  they 
had  many  sympathisers.  They  appointed  officers,  and  placed 
sentries  in  regular  order,  so  that  any  attempt  to  surprise  them  was 
seen  to  be  clearly  hopeless.  Two  accidents  occurred  among  them. 
One  man  was  killed  by  falling  over  a  rock,  and  another  man,  who 
was  accidentally  shot  through  the  thigh,  was  removed  to  the 
Royal  Infirmary.  Meantime  the  authorities  were  assembling  a 
considerable  force  in  the  city,  but  at  the  same  time  efforts  were 
being  made  to  induce  the  mutineers  to  come  to  terms.  On  the 
second  day,  General  Skene,  who  was  second  in  command  in 
Scotland,  visited  them,  but  they  insisted  on  their  former  conditions, 
and  the  dismissal  of  certain  officers.  On  the  third  day  they  were 
visited  by  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  Lord  Dunmore,  Lord  Mac- 
donald,  and  several  gentlemen  and  clergymen,  but  with  the  same 
result.  On  the  next  day,  however,  a  settlement  was  arrived  at,  and 
the  following  conditions  were  accepted  by  them,  viz.  : — A  general 
pardon  for  all  that  had  passed  ;  that  all  arrears  should  be  paid 
before  embarkation  ;  and  that  they  should  never  be  sent  to  the  East 
Indies.  These  are  the  conditions  as  stated  in  the  newspapers  of 
the  day,  but  it  is  quite  possible  the  third  condition  may  have 
been  that  they  were  not  to  be  disposed  of  to  the  East  India  Com- 
pany, as  they  readily  sailed  to  India  three  years  afterwards.  The 
conditions  were  signed  by  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  Lord  Dunmore, 


Sir  Adol pirns  Stoughton,  Commander-in-Chief  for  Scotland,  and 
General  Skene,  second  in  command  in  Scotland. 

On  Friday,  the  25th  of  September,  at  11  a.m.,  they  marched 
down  from  Arthur  Seat,  headed  by  Lord  Danmore,  and  assembled 
in  St  Anne's  Yard,  near  Holyrood,  where  they  were  addressed  by 
General  Skene,  who  gave  them  some  good  advice,  and  promised 
that  a  Court  would  be  held  next  day  to  inquire  into  the  com- 
plaints against  some  of  the  officers.  These  complaints  were 
pronounced  by  the  Court  to  be  without  foundation,  but 
not  one  of  the  mutineers  received  punishment  of  any  kind. 
After  the  meeting  in  St  Anne's  Yard,  the  men  were  billeted  in 
the  suburbs  of  Edinburgh,  and  on  the  following  Monday  they 
embarked  at  Leith. 

This  amicable  settlement  did  not  give  satisfaction  to  all  the 
officers,  some  of  whom  blamed  Lord  Dunmore  for  acting  as  he  did 
on  behalf  of  the  mutineers,  and  urged  the  necessity  of  severe 
measures  as  the  only  guarantee  for  the  maintenance  of  discipline. 
The  public,  however,  applauded  the  wisdom  and  prudence  of  the 
reconciliation,  as  there  was  a  general  feeling  that  the  mutineers 
were  not  without  some  real  grievances.  Several  disturbances  of  a 
similar  nature  had  recently  taken  place  in  the  Highland  regiments, 
and  all  about  breaches  of  the  conditions  of  enlistment.  It  is 
quite  possible  that,  in  the  anxiety  to  gain  recruits,  promises  were 
sometimes  made  which  could  not  easily  be  fulfilled  ;  but  the  fact 
that  the  disputes  were  frequently  about  arrears  of  pay,  which  the 
Government  were  well  able  to  afford,  shows  an  inexcusable  care- 
lessness with  regard  to  one  of  the  most  practical  of  all  the  conditions 
of  employment.  And  when,  in  addition  to  these  grievances,  the 
men  had  to  serve  under  officers  who  neither  knew  their  language 
nor  appreciated  their  character,  it  can  easily  be  understood  that 
their  lot  was  not  always  free  from  provocation.1 

1  "  A  Highland  regiment,  to  be  orderly  ami  well  disciplined,  ought  to  be 
commanded  l>y  men  who  are  capable  of  appreciating  their  character,  directing 
their  passions  and  prejudices,  and  acquiring  their  entire  confidence  and 
affection.  The  officer  to  whom  the  command  of  Highlanders  is  entrusted 
must  endeavour  to  acquire  their  confidence  and  good  opinion.  With  this  view 
he  must  watch  over  the  propriety  of  his  own  conduct.  He  must  observe  the 
strictest  justice  and  fidelity  in  his  promises  to  his  men,  conciliate  them  by  an 
attention  to  their  disposition  and  prejudices,  and  at  the  same  time  by  pre- 


Of  these  disturbances,  "  The  Affair  of  the  Macraes  "  was  by  far 
the  most  formidable,  and  had  it  not  been  so  wisely  and  so 
j  udiciously  settled,  it  might  have  had  a  very  disastrous  effect  on 
the  efforts  being  then  made  to  recruit  the  army  from  the  High- 
lands. It  showed  once  for  all  that  Highland  soldiers  meant  to 
insist  at  whatever  cost  upon  being  dealt  with  in  good  faith,  and 
henceforth  we  hear  less  about  breaches  of  the  conditions  of 

The  idea  of  sending  the  regiment  to  India  was  for  a  time 
abandoned,  and  from  Leith  they  sailed  to  Jersey  and  Guernsey, 
where  they  were  stationed  for  some  time  to  resist  any  attempt  at 
invasion  by  the  French.  In  1781  they  proceeded  to  India,  ac- 
companied by  the  Earl  of  Seaforth  as  their  Colonel.  The  voyage, 
which  lasted  from  the  12th  June,  1781,  to  the  2nd  April,  1782, 
proved  a  disastrous  one.  Illness  broke  out  among  the  men,  and 
before  they  arrived  at  St  Helena,  to  their  utter  dismay,  their 
Colonel  died.  His  death  had  a  most  depressing  effect  upon  the 
men,  of  whom  no  fewer  than  two  hundred  and  forty-seven  died 
before  they  reached  India.  Traditions  of  this  disastrous  voyage 
still  survive  in  Kintail.  The  subsequent  career  of  the  72nd 
Highlanders  is  a  matter  of  history,  which  it  is  not  necessary  to 
repeat  here. 

The  78th  Highlanders  (the  Ross-shire  Buffs),  now  the  Second 
Battalion  of  the  Seaforth  Highlanders,  was  raised  by  Francis, 
Earl  of  Seaforth.  It  was  inspected  and  passed  at  Fort-George  in 
July,  1793,  and  proceeded  to  Jersey  and  Guernsey.  The  follow- 
ing year  another  battalion  was  raised,  which  was  inspected  and 
passed  at  Fort-George  in  June,  and  received  the  distinctive  name 
of  the  "  Ross-shire  Buffs."  From  the  Channel  Islands,  the  first 
battalion  went  on  active  service  to  Holland,  while  the  second 
battalion  proceeded  at  once  to  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope,  and  took 
part  in  the  capture  of  the  Colony  from  the  Dutch.     In  179G  it 

serving  a  firm  and  steady  authority,  without  which  he  will  not  be  respected. 
Officers  who  are  accustomed  to  command  Highland  soldiers  find  it  easy  to 
guide  and  control  them  when  their  full  confidence  has  been  obtained,  but 
when  mistrust  prevails,  severity  ensues,  with  a  consequent  neglect  of  duty, 
and  by  a  continuance  of  this  unhappy  misunderstanding  the  men  become 
stubborn,  disobedient,  and  in  the  end  mutinous. — Sketches  of  the  Highlanders, 
by  Major-Oeneral  David  Stewart  of  Garth. 


was  joined  by  the  first  battalion,  and  the  two  battalions,  in- 
corporated into  one,  proceeded  to  India,  where  the  regiment  saw 
much  service  before  it  returned  home  again  in  1817.  In  1804 
another  second  battalion  was  raised.  This  battalion  fought  with 
great  distinction  at  the  battle  of  Maida,  in  Italy,  in  1806.  The 
next  year  it  was  in  Egypt,  and  Buffered  very  heavily  at  El  Hamet. 
It  saw  some  further  arduous  service  in  Holland,  and  was 
incorporated  with  the  other  battalion  of  the  Ross-shire  Buffs  in 
1817.  The  subsequent  history  of  the  Ross-shire  Buffs  is  well 
known.  A  large  number  of  Macraes  from  Kintail  served  in  each 
of  these  three  battalions. 

The  72nd  and  the  78th  (Ross-shire  Buffs)  were  linked  together 
in  1881  as  the  Seaforth  Highlanders. 



The  old  parish  of  Kintail,  including  Glensheil,  which  was  made 
into  a  separate  parish  by  the  Lords  Commissioners  of  Teinds  on 
the  30th  December,  1726,  is  situated  in  the  south-west  of  the 
County  of  Ross.  A  considerable  portion  of  its  boundary  runs 
along  the  sea  coast,  its  inland  boundaries  being  the  parishes  of 
Lochalsh,  Kilmorack,  Kiltarlity,  Kilmonivaig,  and  Glenelg.  The 
present  parish  of  Kintail  is  about  eighteen  miles  long,  and 
varying  in  breadth  from  five  to  six  miles.  Glensheil  is  about 
twenty-six  miles  long,  and  from  two  to  six  miles  in  breadth.  The 
combined  area  of  the  two  parishes  is  rather  more  than  two 
hundred  square  miles,  a  great  portion  of  which  consists  of  moor- 
land and  mountain.  From  the  sea  coast  the  country  opens  up  in 
three  large  valleys  or  glens — Glenelchaig,  Glenlic,  and  Glensheil. 
These  glens  are  surrounded  by  steep  and  lofty  mountains,  which 
are  frequently  covered  with  green  pasture  from  base  almost  to 
summit.  The  richness  of  its  pastures  was  no  doubt  the  reason 
why,  in  the  pastoral  age  of  the  Highlands,  Kintail  was  so  noted 
for  its  cattle.  It  was  often  called  Cintaille  nam  Bo  (Kintail  of 
the  cows),  and,  needless  to  say,  was  one  of  the  happy  hunting 
grounds  of  the  cattle  lifters  of  Lochaber.  The  natural  pastoral 
richness  of  the  country  helped  also  to  rear  a  race  of  men  who, 
according  to  all  accounts,  were  at  least  as  robust  in  mind  and 
bodj',  and  as  well  favoured  as  any  of  their  neighbours.  The 
men  of  Kintail  were  usually  of  good  physique  and  strong,  full 
features.1     They  had  large  chests  and  deep  voices,  and  in  mimick- 

i  There  are  some  excellent  representations  of  Kintail  faces  in  Benjamin 
West's  painting  of  the  rescue  of  King  Alexander  III.  from  the  fury  of  a  stag 
by  Colin  Fitzgerald,  the  reputed  founder  of  the  House  of  Kintail,  the  original 
of  which  is  in  Brahan  Castle.     See  also  page  101. 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  349 

ing  the  speech  of  a  Kintail  man  in  Gaelic  it  is  still  the  custom  to 
adopt  as  deep  a  tone  of  voice  as  possible.  In  an  old  Gaelic  song 
they  are  spoken  of  as,  "  Fir  ghearra  dhonna  Chintaille  "  (the  thick- 
set auburn-haired  men  of  Kintail).  They  were  known  among  their 
neighbours  as  Na  Doimhich,  which  may  mean  either  the  bulky 
ones,  or  the  barrels,  while  the  Lochaber  men  were  usually  called 
— at  all  events  in  Kintail — Na  Fir  Chaola,  which  means  the  lean 
or  sharp-featured  men. 

The  earliest  glimpses  we  get  of  the  history  of  Kintail  comes 
to  us,  as  in  the  case  of  most  Highland  parishes,  through  legends 
connected  with  some  of  the  early  Scottish  Saints,  and  two  at  least 
of  the  contemporaries  of  Columba,  St  Oran1  and  St  Douan,'-  have 
left  traces  of  their  names  in  the  country.  Scururan,  or  Oran's 
Peak,  is  the  highest  and  most  prominent  of  the  mountains  of 
Kintail,  and  near  the  foot  of  it  is  a  place  called  Achyuran,  or 
Oran's  field,  while  the  small  island  on  which  the  ruins  of  the 
stronghold  of  the  Barons  of  Kintail  still  stand  is  called  Ellan- 
donan,  or  Donan's  Island.  So  far  as  at  present  known,  not  even 
a  legend  has  survived  to  explain  what  connections  those  two 
Saints  may  have  had  with  the  country,  but  that  they  were  con- 
nected in  some  way  with  the  places  which  bear  their  names,  may 
be  regarded  as  extremely  probable. 

About  the  middle  of  the  seventh  century  the  country  was 
visited  by  an  Irish  Saint  called  Congan.  He  was  a  son  of  the 
King  of  Leinster,  and  was  trained  as  a  soldier.  On  succeeding 
to  his  father's  dominions  he  ruled  well,  but  was  unfortunate  in 
war  with  his  enemies,  and  having  been  wounded  and  conquered,  he 

1  Oran,  a  wellborn  Irishman,  came  to  Iona  with  Columba.  When  Oran 
arrived,  Columba  told  him  that  whoever  willed  to  die  first  should  not  only  go 
more  quietly  to  Christ,  but  should  confirm  and  ratify  the  right  of  the  com- 
munity to  the  Island  by  taking  corporal  possession  of  it.  Oran  consented, 
whereupon  Columba  not  only  assured  him  of  eternal  happiness,  but  said  that 
none  who  came  to  pray  at  his  own  sepulchre  should  receive  his  petition  till  he 
had  first  prayed  at  Oran's.  Oran  was  thus  the  first  man  to  be  buried  in  Iona 
There  are  many  traces  of  Oran's  name  to  be  met  with  in  the  West  Highlands. 
Columba  came  to  Iona  in  a.d.  563. 

'-  Douan  was  also  a  disciple  of  Columba.  He  founded  a  Monastery  in  the 
Island  of  Eigg,  where  he  was  put  to  death,  together  with  his  community  of 
about  fifty  persons,  by  a  band  of  pirates,  probably  Picts  from  the  neighbouring 
i  on  the  17th  of  April,  a.d.  617. 


was  forced  to  flee  from  his  native  country.  Taking  with  him  his 
sister  Kentigerna  and  her  three  sons,  one  of  whom  was  the  cele- 
brated St  Fillan,  he  sailed  for  Scotland,  and  eventually  settled  in 
Lochalsh,  where  he  led  a  religious  and  ascetic  life,  and  lived  to  an 
old  age.  He  is  said  to  have  died  in  Lochalsh,  and  to  have  been 
buried  in  Iona.  St  Fillan  afterwards  built  a  Church  in  Lochalsh, 
and  dedicated  it  to  his  uncle  Congan.  It  was  called  in  Gaelic, 
Kilchoan,  that  is,  St  Congan's  Church,  and  stood  very  near  the 
present  site  of  the  Parish  Church. 

St  Fillan,  whose  name  is  associated  with  Kintail,  flourished 
early  in  the  eighth  century.  He  was  the  son  of  an  Irish  nobleman 
called  Feradach,  by  Kentigerna,  sister  of  St  Congan,  and  fled  with 
his  uncle  from  Ireland  to  Lochalsh,  as  already  stated.  The  chief 
scene  of  this  Saint's  labour,  however,  was  in  Perthshire,  but  tradi- 
tion says  that,  in  addition  to  the  church  he  built  in  Lochalsh,  he 
built  another  at  Kilellan  (Fillan's  Church),  in  Kintail,  which,  as  the 
name  implies,  was  called  after  himself.  There  is  a  burying-place  still 
at  Kilellan,  and  there  is  a  local  tradition  that  St  Fillan  himself  was 
buried  there.  It  is  said  that,  when  he  felt  his  end  was  drawing 
near,  he  went  to  Iona,  and  there  died,  kneeling  before  the  high 
altar.  His  body  was  then  sent  in  a  birlinn  or  galley  to  Kintail, 
and  buried  at  Kilellan  under  a  sod  that  had  been  brought  from 

The  next  Saint  whose  name  enters  prominently  into  the  tradi- 
tions of  Kintail  is  St  Duthac,  to  whom  the  old  Parish  Church  at 
Kilduich  was  dedicated.  He  was  Bishop  of  Ross,  and  flourished 
about  the  middle  of  the  thirteenth  century.  His  name  is  asso- 
ciated more  especially  with  Tain,  which  in  Gaelic  is  called  Bailie 
Dhuthich,  that  is,  Duthac's  Town.  The  Kintail  tradition  is  that 
Farquhar  Mac  an  t'  Shagairt,  Earl  of  Ross,  who  founded  the 
Abbey  of  Fearn,  and  died  in  1257,  sent  two  Irish  monks  to  Kin- 
tail to  minister  to  the  spiritual  wants  of  the  people.  One  of  these 
was  Duthac,  who  had  charge  of  the  north  side  of  Lochduich, 
which  has  ever  since  been  so  called  after  him.  The  other  monk 
was  called  Carrac,  and  had  charge  of  the  south  side.  The  two 
monks  used  to  meet  together  from  time  to  time  at  the  west  end  of 
the  Loch.  On  one  occasion,  at  the  time  of  driving  their  cattle  to 
the  Sheiling,  they  arranged  that  on  the  way  they  should  hold  a 
meeting  at  the  usual  place,  but  when  Duthac  arrived  there  he 


found  Carrac  lying  dead  on  the  knoll  where  they  used  to  meet, 
and  which  still  bears  Cansc'a  name.  Duthac  was  so  grieved  at 
the  death  of  his  friend  that  he  did  not  care  to  live  in  Kintail  any 
longer.  It  was  then  he  went  to  Tain,  where,  we  are  told,  he 
"taught  publicly  with  all  gentleness,"  and  became  noted  for  his 
miraculous  powers.  His  day  was  celebrated  on  the  8th  of  March, 
aud  his  shrine  at  Tain  became  a  famous  resort  for  pilgrims.  How 
far  these  Kintail  legends  may  have  any  foundation  in  fact  it  is,  of 
course,  impossible  to  say.  The  legend  of  the  death  and  burial  of 
St  Fillan,  probably  refers  to  some  other  ecclesiastic  who  may  have 
been  connected  with  the  old  church  at  Kilellan,  but  the  name  of 
St  Fillan  was  such  an  honoured  one  in  Kintail '  that  it  would  not 
be  surprising  if  legends  of  other  saints  gradually  gathered  around 
it.  There  is  no  reason  to  believe  that  St  Fillan  was  buried  in 
Kintail.  There  were  other  early  Celtic  ecclesiastics  of  the  name 
Fillan,  but  they  do  not  appear  to  have  been  connected  with 
Kintail.  Some  trace  of  another  Saint  survives  in  the  place  name, 
Killechuinard,2  on  the  south  side  of  Lochduich,  where  the  remains 
of  some  ruins  aud  of  a  disused  burial-place  are  still  to  be  seen, 
but  of  their  history  nothing  appears  to  be  known  beyond  a  vague 
tradition  that  a  monastery  once  stood  there. 

The  stronghold  of  Ellandonan,  around  which  most  of  the 
history  of  Kintail  centres,  is  believed  to  have  been  built  in  the 
time  of  Alexander  II.,3  who  reigned  from  1214  to  1249,  as  a  place 

1  Page  291. 

2  It  is  difficult  to  say  which  Saiut  it  was  whose  name  is  here  preserved. 
A  certain  Cyneheard  was  Bishop  of  Winchester  from  754  to  780,  and  there  is 
some  record  also  of  a  Scottish  Monk  or  Abbot  called  Kineard,  who  visited 
Gaul  with  the  great  British  scholar,  Alcuin,  about  the  end  of  the  eighth 
century,  and  wrote  a  life  of  Charlemagne.  It  is  more  likely,  however,  that 
Cille-Chuinard  means  the  Church  of  Donort,  which  in  Gaelic  would  be  Cille- 
Dhoinort,  and  would  be  pronounced  almost  exactly  the  same  as  Cille  Chuinard. 
Donort  was  Abbot  of  the  great  Celtic  Monastery  of  Murthlac,  in  Banffshire, 
from  about  1056  to  1098.  According  to  some  authorities,  there  was  for  some 
time  a  Diocese  of  Murthlac,  of  which  Donort  was  Bishop.  It  is  on  record  that 
at  the  beginning  of  the  twelfth  century  King  David  I.  of  Scotland  gave  to  the 
newly-formed  Bishopric  of  Aberdeen  five  churches  which  had  been  founded  by 
the  missionary  zeal  of  the  Monks  of  Murthlac,  and  which  had  belonged  to  their 
monastery.  It  is  quite  possible  that  one  of  those  churches,  dedicated  to 
Donort,  may  have  stood  on  the  spot  now  known  as  Killechuinard. 

3  See  page  293  for  the  Kintail  legend  of  the  Building  of  Ellandonan 


of  defence  against  the  Danes.  At  that  time  Kintail  formed  part 
of  the  Earldom  of  Ross,  and  is  said  to  have  been  inhabited  by 
three  different  tribes — the  Mac  Beolans,  who  inhabited  Glensheil 
and  the  south  side  of  Lochduich  and  Lochalsh,  as  far  as  Kylerea ; 
the  Mac  Ivors,  who  inhabited  Glenlic  ;  and  the  Mac  Thearlichs, 
who  inhabited  Gleuelchaig.1  Sometime  during  the  latter  part  of 
the  thirteenth  century,  the  Earl  of  Ross  appointed  a  kinsman  of 
his  own,  called  Kenneth,  to  the  government  of  Ellandonan  Castle, 
which  is  said  to  have  been  garrisoned  by  a  number  of  Macraes  and 
Maclenuans.  Kenneth  was  an  able  and  ambitious  man,  and, 
having  quarrelled  with  the  Earl  of  Ross,  whom  he  set  at  defiance 
during  the  unsettled  times  which  followed  the  death  of  King 
Alexander  III.,  in  1286,  he  succeeded  in  establishing  himself  in  a 
position  of  independence  as  lord  and  ruler  of  Kintail.  It  is  said 
that  he  ruled  well,  and  that  his  influence  was  felt  over  most  of  the 
Western  Isles.  He  died  in  1304,  and  was  buried  in  Iona.  He 
was  the  founder  of  the  great  Clan  Mackenzie,  and  from  him  they 
derive  their  name.  2  The  Earls  of  Ross,  however,  still  continued 
superiors  of  the  lands  of  Kintail,  as  part  of  their  Earldom,  and  the 
Mackenzies  occujjied  the  lands  and  the  Castle  as  their  vassals  for 
about  two  hundred  years.  King  Robert  Bruce  confirmed  to  the 
Earl  of  Ross  all  his  lands,  including  Borealis  Ergadia,  that  is, 
North  Argyle,  as  the  west  of  Ross,  Lochalsh  and  Kintail  included, 
was  then  called.  We  find  many  other  references  to  the  over- 
lordship  of  the  Earls  of  Ross  until  1463,  when  Alexander  Mac- 
kenzie, sixth  of  Kintail,  obtains  a  charter  direct  from  the  Crown. 

Meantime  we  find  various  contemporary  references  to  the 
circumstances  and  affairs  of  Kintail.  In  1331,  Randolph,  Earl  of 
Moray,  who  was  then  Warden  of  Scotland,  despatched  a  Crown 
officer  to  Ellandonan  to  prepare  the  Castle  for  his  reception  and 
to  arrest  misdoers.  Fifty  of  these  misdoers  were  put  to  death, 
and  their  heads  were  exposed  on  the  top  of  the  Castle  walls. 
As  Randolph  sailed  up  towards  the  Castle  in  his  barge 
and  saw  those  heads,  he  declared,  in  his  zeal  for  the  cause 
of  law  and  order,  that  he  loved  better  to  look  upon  them 
then    than   on   any  garland   of   roses   he   had   ever  seen.3      In 

1  Mackenzie's  History  of  the  Mackeuzies,  New  Edition,  page  45. 
2  Appendix  G.      3  Sir  Walter  Scott's  Tales  of  a  Grandfather, 


1503,  Alexander  Gordon,  Earl  of  Huntly,  undertook  to  reduce 
Ellandonan  and  other  castles  on  the  west  coast  "  for  the  daunting 
of  the  Isles,"  and  to  furnish  or  raise  men  to  keen  them  when 
reduced,  King  James  IV.  engaging  to  provide  a  ship  and  artillery 
for  the  purpose.  In  1504  there  was  a  general  insurrection  in  the 
Highlands,  which  it  took  the  King's  forces  two  years  to  quell,  and 
in  the  course  of  which  Ellandonan  Castle  was  occupied  by  the 
Earl  of  Huntly.  In  1539,  Donald  Gorm  Macdonald  of  Sleat 
invaded  the  country  and  attempted  to  take  the  castle,  but  was 
killed  during  the  siege  by  a  Macrae,  called  Duncan  Mac  Gille- 
chriosd.1  Donald  Gorm  and  his  followers  succeeded,  however,  in 
setting  fire  to  the  castle,  for  we  find  that  in  15-11  James  V. 
granted  remission  to  Donald's  accomplices  for  their  treasonable 
burning  of  the  Castle  of  Ellandonan  and  the  boats  there.  The 
great  feud  which  broke  out  between  Kintail  and  Glengarry  about 
1580,  and  in  which  the  Macraes  took  such  a  leading  part,  has  been 
already  referred  to.2  This  feud,  which  lasted  for  about  twenty- 
five  years,  ended  in  the  complete  discomfiture  of  Glengarry,  whose 
possessions  in  Lochcarron  and  Lochalsh  were  made  over  to  Kintail 
by  a  Crown  charter  in  1607.  The  House  of  Kintail  had  now 
practically  reached  the  zenith  of  its  greatness. 

Meantime  the  Barons  of  Kintail  and  their  people  took  a  pro- 
minent part  iu  the  national  affairs  of  Scotland.  John,  the  second 
Baron  of  Kintail,  fought  on  the  side  of  Bruce  at  Bannockburn, 
and  is  said  to  have  had  a  following  of  five  hundred  men.  John 
of  Killiu,  ninth  Baron,  who  was  one  of  the  Privy  Councillors  of 
James  V.,  fought  with  his  followers  at  Floddeu  in  1513,  and  at 
Pinkie  in  1547.  Colin,  the  eleventh  Baron,  fought  as  a  young 
man  at  the  head  of  his  vassals  on  the  side  of  Queen  Mary  at  the 
battle  of  Langside  in  1568. 

In  the  unsettled  times  of  the  reign  of  Charles  I.,  with  whose  cause 
George,  second  Earl  of  Seaforth,  finally  cast  in  his  lot,  the  men  of 
Kintail  played  an  important  part.  Seaforth  fought  at  the  battle 
of  Auldearn  in  1645,  nominally  against  Montrose,  but  it  had  been 
arranged  beforehand  that  his  men  should  retire  without  fighting, 
and  that  Montrose  should  be  allowed  an  easy  victory.8  Shortly 
afterwards  Seaforth  publicly  avowed  himself  a  supporter  of  Mon- 

i  Page  25.       -  Chapter  III.       3  Page  886. 


trose,  who  was  then  joined  by  a  large  number  of  the  men  of 
Kintail.  Henceforth  the  people  of  Kintail  continued  to  be  staunch 
supporters  of  the  House  of  Stuart  until  the  final  defeat  at  Culloden 
in  17-45.  In  1650  the  Parliament  placed  a  garrison  in  Ellandonan 
Castle  to  overawe  the  country,  but  the  insolence  of  the  soldiers 
becoming  intolerable,  they  were  summarily  turned  out  by  the 
people,  and  no  attempt  was  made  to  restore  or  to  replace  them.1 
A  number  of  Kintail  men  fought  on  the  Royalist  side  at  Wor- 
cester in  1651.  In  1654,  on  the  26th  of  June,  General  Monk, 
Cromwell's  lieutenant  in  Scotland,  visited  Kintail  with  an  army, 
and  remained  there  for  two  or  three  days.  The  names  of  the 
places  mentioned  in  the  account  of  his  visit  at  the  time  were 
evidently  written  by  men  who  knew  no  Gaelic,  and  are  not  exsily 
identified  now.  One  Kintail  man  was  killed  by  the  soldiers,2  the 
houses  and  huts  were  burnt  wherever  they  went,  and  a  large 
spoil  of  cattle  was  taken  by  them,3  "  which  made  some  part 
of  amends  for  the  hard  march."4 

A  large  number  of  Macraes  took  part  in  the  rising  of  1715, 
and  suffered  heavily  at  the  battle  of  Sheriffmuir.  Tradition 
relates  that  this  battle  made  fifty-eight  widows  in  Kintail.  The 
Macraes  of  Kintail  and  the  Mathesons  of  Lochalsh  were  in  the 
centre  of  the  second  line  of  Mar's  army,  and  a  writer  of  the  last 
century  says  that  they  were  the  only  part  of  Seaforth's  men  that 
behaved  well  at  Sheriffmuir,  for  when  the  rest  ran  away  the 
Macraes  and  Mathesons  held  their  ground  until  a  large  number  of 
them  was  left  dead  on  the  field.5     The  same  writer,  who  was  a 

1  Page  195.  °-  Page  31.  3  page  63. 

*  The  events  which  led  to  Monk's  visit  to  Kintail  were  as  follows  : — In 
1653  a  Stuart  rising  took  place  in  the  Highlands  under  the  Earl  of  Glencairn, 
whose  place  was  soon  taken  by  General  Middleton.  It  was  to  quell  this  rising 
that  Monk  made  his  march  through  the  Highlands  in  1654.  Having  heard 
that  Middleton  was  in  Kintail,  Monk  led  his  forces  there,  only  to  find,  on 
arriving,  that  Middleton  had  left  the  day  before  and  gone  to  Glenelg.  Monk 
did  not  follow  Middleton  to  Glenelg,  but  plundered  the  people  of  Kintail  and 
then  departed  by  way  of  Gleustrathfarrar.  The  rising  shortly  afterwards 
collapsed.  For  a  more  detailed  account  of  General  Monk's  visit  to  Kiutail, 
see  a  paper  by  Mr  William  Mackay  in  Volume  xviii.  (1S92)  of  the  Transactions 
of  the  Gaelic  Society  of  Inverness. 

5  The  Highlands  of  Scotland  in  1750,  from  a  MS.  in  the  British  Museum, 
with  introduction  by  Andrew  Lang. 


bigoted  Whig,  and  very  much  biased  in  most  of  his  remarks  On 
the  Jacobite  clans,  tells  us  that  the  common  people  in  Kintail  are 
"  the  Macraes,  who  are  by  far  the  most  fierce,  warlike,  and 
strongest  men  under  Seaforth."  He  then  goes  on  to  say  that 
until  quite  recently  the  Macraes  were  little  better  than  heathen 
and  savages,  but  his  only  excuse  for  such  a  statement  seems  to  have 
been  his  Whig  prejudices,  and  his  desire  to  make  it  appear  that,  as  a 
result  of  Whig  influences  in  Kintail,  there  was  a  ".surprising 
alteration  in  the  people  even  in  point  of  common  civility,  decency, 
and  cleanliness."  As  a  matter  of  fact,  there  was  hardly  any 
district  in  the  Highlands  where  Whig  influences  made  way  more 
slowly  than  in  Kintail. 

Early  in  1719,  Cardinal  Alberoni,  Prime  Minister  of  Spain, 
with  which  country  we  were  then  at  war,  fitted  out  a  power- 
ful expedition  under  the  Duke  of  Ormonde1  to  support  the 
Jacobite  cause  in  the  Highlands  of  Scotland.  But  scarcely  had 
the  expedition  left  the  coast  of  Spain  when  it  was  overtaken  by  a 
terrible  storm  in  the  Bay  of  Biscay.  The  storm  lasted  for  twelve 
days,  and  so  completely  dispersed  the  fleet  that  only  two  vessels 
were  able  to  reach  Scotland.  These  two  vessels  had  on  board  the 
Earl  of  Seaforth,  the  Earl  Marischal,  the  Marquis  of  Tulli- 
bardine,  and  about  three  hundred  Spaniards,  with  arms  and 
ammunition  for  two  thousand  men.  They  landed  in  Kintail  on 
the  5th  of  April,  and  encamped  on  the  mainland  opposite  to 
Ellandonan.  Here  they  lay  quiet  for  some  time  in  the  hope  that 
Ormonde  might  still  be  able  to  effect  a  landing,  but  they  were 
soon  joined  by  several  Highlanders,  including  the  famous  Rob  Roy 
Macgregor  and  a  party  of  his  followers. 

Shortly  afterwards  three  ships  of  war — the  Worcester,  the 
Enterprise,  and  the  Flamborough — sailed  up  Lochalsh  under  the 
command  of  Captain  Boyle  of  the  Worcester.  On  the  10th  of  May, 
early  in  the  morning,  Captain  Boyle  drew  up  the  Worcester  and 
the  Enterprise  in  front  of  Ellandonan  Castle,  which  was  garrisoned 
by  forty-five  Spaniards,  commanded  by  Irish  officers,  and  at  nine 

1  James  Butler,  Duke  of  Ormonde,  a  distinguished  soldier  of  the  reigns  of 
William  III.  and  Anne.  On  the  accession  of  George  I.  he  embraced  the  cause 
of  the  Stuarts,  and  was  henceforth  obliged  to  live  abroad.     Born,  1665  ;  died, 



o'clock  sent  his  lieutenant  with  a  boat  under  a  flag  of  truce  to 
demand  the  surrender  of  the  Castle,  which  was  refused.  About 
four  in  the  afternoon  Captain  Boyle  was  informed  by  a  deserter 
from  the  Jacobite  side  that  the  number  of  men  in  their  camp 
was  more  than  four  thousand,  and  was  daily  increasing.  One 
thousand  would  probably  be  nearer  the  truth.  He  there- 
fore resolved  to  delay  action  no  longer,  and  at  eight  o'clock 
in  the  evening  he  opened  upon  the  Castle  "  a  great  fire,"  under 
cover  of  which  he  despatched  two  boats,  manned  and  armed,  under 
two  lieutenants,  to  whom  the  Spaniards,  who  had  mutinied  against 
their  officers,  readily  surrendered.  To  prevent  the  Jacobites, 
whose  camp  lay  near  the  Castle,  from  taking  possession  of  it  again, 
Captain  Herdman  of  the  Enterprise  was  sent  to  blow  it  up.  This 
■duty  he  effectually  performed  after  having  first  sent  off  the 
prisoners  with  three  hundred  and  forty-three  barrels  of  gunpowder, 
fifty-two  barrels  of  musket  shot,  and  some  bags  of  meal.  At  the 
same  time  he  burnt  several  barns  on  the  mainland  near  the  Castle, 
where  quantities  of  corn  had  been  stored  for  the  use  of  the  camp. 
Such  was  the  end  of  Ellandonan  Castle. 

Meantime  Captain  Hedesley  of  the  FlaniDorough  sailed  up 
Lochduich,  where  a  large  quantity  of  ammunition,  belonging  to 
the  Spaniards,  was  stored  under  a  guard  of  thirty  of  their  men, 
but  on  his  first  appearance  within  sight  the  Spaniards  set  fire  to 
it.  This  store  was  situated  at  Loch  nan  Corr,  near  the  site  of  the 
Manse  of  Kiutail,  and,  for  many  years  afterwards,  cannon  balls 
and  other  relics  of  ammunition  used  to  be  found  on  the  glebe  in 
great  abundance.  It  was  at  the  same  time  that  the  old  church  of 
Kintail  was  destroyed,1  the  only  possible  excuse  for  such  an  act  of 
sacrilege  being  the  fact  that  the  incumbent  of  the  parish  was  that 
ardent  Episcopalian  and  Jacobite,  the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae,  who 
was  now  an  old  man,  and  who  died  shortly  afterwards.  After 
destroying  the  church,  the  troops  landed,  and,  according  to  their 
custom,  plundered  the  unfortunate,  defenceless  people. 

On  hearing  of  these  events,  the  Commander-in-Chief  of  the 
Forces  in  Scotland  ordered  General  Wightman,  who  was  then 
stationed  at  Inverness,  to  proceed  to  Kintail  with  the  troops  under 
his   command — about    1200,    which    included    136    Highlanders, 

l  Old  Statistical  Account. 


chiefly  Munros  and  Mackays.     The  Jacobite  force  consisted  of  about 
1100,  which  included  about  200  Spaniards.' 

The  battle  was  fought  on  the  10th  of  June,  at  a  place  now 
called  Eas-nau-arni  (the  waterfall  of  arms).  The  fighting  began 
at  five  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  and  lasted  for  about  three 
hours.  The  King's  troops  made  three  unsuccessful  attempts  to 
dislodge  the  Highlanders,  but  in  the  fourth  attack  Seaforth  was 
wounded,  and  the  heather  in  which  the  Highlanders  were  posted 
having  caught  fire,  they  began  to  fall  into  a  state  of  confusion. 
Recognising  the  hopelessness  of  further  resistance,  the  Highlanders 
dispersed  and  retired  to  the  mountains,  and  next  morning  the 
Spaniards  surrendered  as  prisoners  of  war.  The  King's  troops 
lost  twenty-one  killed,  and  one  hundred  and  twenty-one  wounded. 
The  loss  of  the  Highlanders  is  not  known,  but  was  probably  not 
very  heavy.  Seaforth,  Marischal,  and  Tullibardine,  with  the 
other  principal  officers,  succeeded  in  making  their  escape  to  the 

Major-General  Wightman  spent  some  days  in  the  neighbouring 
country,  plundering  and  burning  the  houses  of  the  guilty,  and 
on  the  28th  of  June  ho  writes  from  Lochcarron  to  say  he  is  on  his  way 
to  Inverness.  The  local  tradition  of  a  Dutch  Colonel,  who  was 
killed  in  the  battle,  and  whose  ghost  used  to  revisit  the  scene  of 
the  conflict,  appears  to  have  no  foundation  in  fact.  The  only 
officer  in  the  Royalist  side  who  is  returned  as  killed  in  the  official 
list  of  casualties  is  Captain  Downes  of  Montagu's  regiment,  who 
was  buried  on  the  south  side  of  the  river,  and  whose  grave  is  still 
pointed  out.2 

After  the  Rebellion  of  1715,  the  Seaforth  estates,  being  for- 
feited, were  placed  by  Parliament  under  the  management  of  the 
Forfeited  Estates  Commissioners.  The  Commissioners  did  not 
find  their  task  an  easy  one,  for  the  tenants  as  a  rule  adhered 
loyally  to  their  old  landlords  or  chiefs,  and  refused  to  pay  any  rent 
to  the  factors  whom  the  Commissioners  appointed.  For  several 
years  the  Kintail  rents  were  regularly  paid  to  Seaforth 's  Chamber 
lain,    Donald   Murchison,  who   continued  to   scud   them    to   his 

1  Tullibardine,  in  a  letter  to  the  Earl  of  Mar,  gives  the  number  aa  1120, 
including  200  Spaniards. 

2  For  a  full  account  of  the  battle  of  Glensheil,  see  "  The  Jacobite  Attempt 
of  1719,"  edited  for  the  Scottish  History  Society  by  W.  K.  Dickson. 


on  the  Continent.  At  last  two  Whigs  of 
William  Ross  of  Easter  Fearn,  and  his  brother,  Robert  Ross,  a 
Bailie  of  Tain — undertook  to  collect  the  rents  on  the  estates  of 
Seaforth,  Chisholm,  and  Glenmoriston,  and  started  from  Inverness 
on  the  13th  September,  1721,  with  an  escort  of  soldiers  under 
Lieutenant  John  Allardycc.  Having  visited  Glenmoriston,  they 
proceeded  to  Strathglass  and  Kintail,  but  a  young  lad,  Patrick 
Grant,  son  of  Ian  a  C'hragain,  the  Chief  of  Glenmoriston,  took  a 
short  route  to  Kintail,  and  informed  Donald  Murchison  of  the 
approach  of  the  Whig  factors.  Though  Murchison  had  been  "  bred 
a  writer,"  he  had  also  some  military  training,  and  held  a  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel's commission  in  the  Jacobite  army  of  1715.  Part  of 
the  funds  collected  from  the  people  he  used  in  keeping  on  foot  a 
company  of  armed  Highlanders,  whom  he  always  held  in  readiness 
for  the  protection  of  Seaforth's  interests  in  Lochalsh  and  Kintail. 
With  these  and  several  other  followers,  amounting  in  all  to  300 
men,  Murchison  set  out,  accompanied  by  Patrick  Grant,  to  meet 
the  Whig  factors  and  their  military  escort.  They  met  on  the 
2nd  of  October,  at  a  place  called  Ath  nam  Muilach,  a  narrow  pass 
in  the  mountains  beween  Glenaffric  and  Kintail.  After  some 
skirmishing,  in  which  several  were  wounded,  a  meeting  was  ar- 
ranged between  Easter  Fearn  and  Murchison,  with  the  result  that 
the  factors  retreated,  leaving  their  commission  in  Murchison's 
hands,  and  promising,  it  is  said,  not  to  act  again  in  the  service  of 
the  Commissioners.  Among  the  wounded  was  Easter  Fearn  him- 
self and  his  son  Walter.  The  son  died  on  the  following  morning, 
and  his  body  was  carried  by  the  soldiers  to  Beauly  Priory  for  burial.1 
In  the  following  month  the  Sheriff-Depute  of  Inverness  held 
Courts  of  Inquiry  at  Inverness  with  the  view  of  ascertaining  who 
were  Murchison's  followers.  Among  the  witnesses  examined  was  a 
soldier  in  the  Royal  Regiment  of  North  British  Fusiliers,  called 
Donald  Macrae,  who  was  one  of  the  escort  that  accompanied  the 
factors,  and  who  recognised  from  fifty  to  sixty  Kintail  men,  whose 
names  and  patronymics  are  stated  in  his  evideuce.2      They  were 

1  Fuller  accounts  of  the  affair  of  Ath  nam  Muilach  are  given  iu  Mackenzie's 
History  of  the  Mackenzie*  (new  edition),  pp.  305-310;  and  Mackay's  Urquhart 
and  Glenmoriston,  pp.  235-236. 

2  For  a  full  account  of  these  inquiries  see  a  paper  on  "  Donald  Murchison 
and  the  Factors  on  the  Forfeited  Estates,"  by  William  Mackay,  published  in 
the  Transactions  of  the  Gaelic  Society  of  Iuverness,  Vol.  xix.  (1893).  See  aleo 
Appeudix  M. 


nearly  all  Macraes,  most  of  them  belonging  to  the  chief  families  of 
Kintail.     Nothing  appears  to  have  come  of  this  inquiry. 

Shortly  afterwards  another  attempt  was  made  to  obtain  pus- 
session  of  Seaforth's  estate  for  the  Government.  A  company  of 
soldiers,  under  Captain  Macneill,  formerly  of  the  Highland  Watch, 
proceeded  from  Inverness  to  Kintail  by  Dingwall,  Uarve,  and 
Lochcarron.  But  while  crossing  the  hills  of  Attadale,  between 
Lochcarron  and  Lochalsh,  they  were  met  by  Donald  Murchison 
and  his  dauntless  followers  at  a  place  called  the  Coille  Bharj  (the 
white  wood).  A  skirmish  ensued,  in  which  one  soldier  was  killed 
and  several  wounded.  Captain  Macneill  himself  was  severely 
wounded,  and,  withdrawing  his  men,  shortly  afterwards  made  his 
way  back  to  Inverness  as  well  as  he  could.1  After  this  the 
Forfeited  Estates  Commissioners  appear  to  have  made  no  further 
attempt  to  collect  rents  in  Kintail. - 

In  1725  General  Wade,3  in  his  report  to  the  King,  states  that 
the  Seaforths  still  pay  their  rents  to  Donald  Murchison,  and  in  the 
same  year  the  Forfeited  Estates  Commissioners  report  that  they 
had  not  sold  the  estate  of  William,  Earl  of  Seaforth,  as  they  had 
not  been  able  to  obtain  possession  of  it.  The  constant  fighting  in 
which  the  men  of  Kintail  had  been  engaged  almost  since  1640  told 
against  their  material  circumstances,  and  General  Wade  states,  in 

1  Mackenzie's  History  of  the  Macken/.ies  (new  edition),  p.  811. 

2  In  Appendix  H.  will  be  found  a  list  of  the  tenants  on  Seaforth's  Kintail 
estate  in  1719  and  1756,  and  the  rents  they  paid.  Considering  the  high  value 
of  money  at  those  dates,  it  will  be  found  that  the  difference  between  the  rents 
paid  in  the  Highlands  then  and  now  was  not  so  great  as  is  generally  supposed. 

3  George  Wade,  Field  Marshal  of  His  Majesty's  forces,  and  Privy 
Councillor,  was  a  distinguished  soldier  whose  name  is  still  well  known  in  the 
Highlands  in  connection  with  his  roads  and  bridges.  He  joined  the  army  in 
1690,  served  in  the  Continental  wars  of  his  time,  and  eventually  rose  to  I  he 
highest  military  rank.  In  1724  he  was  appointed  to  a  command  in  Scotland, 
and  while  holding  that  command  he  employed  his  soldiers  in  making  roads  in 
the  Highlands.     The  roads  gave  rise  to  a  famous  couplet  :— 

If  you  had  seen  these  roads  before  they  were  made, 
You  would  hold  up  your  hands  aud  bless  General  Wade. 
In  1745  he  commanded  an  army  in  the  North  of  England  to  oppose  the  South- 
ward march  of  the  Highlanders,  but  was  too  old  and  infirm  to  be  of  much 
service.  He  died  in  1748,  at  the  age  of  80.  Wade  was  an  officer  of  great  vigour 
and  sound  judgment,  and  is  well  entitled  to  a  high  place  among  the  chief 
benefactors  of  the  Highlands. 


1725,  that  though  they  were  formerly  reputed  the  richest  of  any 
tenants  in  the  Highlands,  they  had  now  become  poor  through 
neglecting  their  business  and  applying  themselves  to  the  use  of 
arms.  Consequently  they  were  no  longer  able  to  pay  their  rents 
with  their  former  readiness  and  regularity.  In  1726  Seaforth  was 
pardoned  for  his  share  in  the  Rising  of  1715,  and  permitted  to 
return  to  his  native  land.  He  received  a  grant  of  the  feu-duties 
due  to  the  Crown  out  of  his  forfeited  estates,  which  were  held  by 
the  Government  until  his  death  in  1741,  when  they  were 
purchased  from  the  Crown — by  his  mother — for  the  benefit  of  his 
son  Kenneth,  Lord  Fortrose.1 

For  some  time  after  these  events,  the  country  enjoyed  peace. 
Law  and  order  were  more  firmly  established,  and  there  was  a 
gradual  return  of  prosperity.  Simon,  Lord  Lovat,  then  an  active 
supporter  of  the  Hanoverian  Government,  raised  a  company  of 
Highlanders  to  keep  in  check  the  Lochaber  cattle  lifters,  and 
Kintail  profited  to  some  extent  from  this  protection.  In  1722, 
barracks  was  erected  in  Glenelg,  and  a  few  companies  of  soldiers 
were  usually  stationed  there  until  after  the  battle  of  Culloden, 
when  the  building  was  gradually  allowed  to  fall  into  disuse. 
Shortly  afterwards  the  country  was  opened  up  by  one  of  General 
Wade's  military  roads,  running  from  Fort-Augustus  to  Glenmoris- 
ton,  thence  down  through  Glensheil  to  the  head  of  Lochduich, 
and  across  the  hills  of  Ratagan  to  Glenelg. 

In  1726,  as  already  stated,  and  while  the  Seaforth  estates  were 
still  in  the  hands  of  the  Government,  the  south  side  of  Kintail  was 
formed  into  the  separate  parish  of  Glensheil,  and  shortly  after- 
wards a  Presbyterian  minister  —  the  Rev.  John  Beton — was 
settled  there  in  spite  of  considerable  opposition  from  the  people, 
to  whom  Presbyterians  and  Whigs  were  equally  hateful,  but  the 

1  The  restored  Earl  did  not  show  Donald  Murchison  the  gratitude  to  which 
his  loyal  seryices  entitled  the  latter.  Donald  shortly  afterwards  left  the 
country,  and  died  in  the  prime  of  life  near  Conon.  A  monument  erected  to 
his  memory  on  the  Lochalsh  side  of  Kyleakiu  bears  the  following  inscription: — 
"  Tullochard. — To  the  memory  of  Donald  Murchison,  Colonel  in  the  Highland 
Army  of  1715.  He  successfully  defended  and  faithfully  preserved  the  lands 
of  Kintail  and  Lochalsh  from  1715  to  1722  for  his  Chief,  William,  the  exiled 
Earl  of  Seaforth. — Erected  by  his  great-grand-nephew,  Sir  Roderick  I.  Murchi- 
son, K.C.B.-1863." 


Parish  Church  was  not  built  until  1758.  The  old  Parish  Church 
of  Kintail  was  at  this  time  vacant  for  several  years.  The  Rot. 
Donald  Macrae,  the  last  Episcopalian  minister,  died  about  1721, 
but  his  Presbyterian  successor,  the  Rev.  John  Maclean,  was  not 
appointed  until  1730. 

The  Rising  of  1745  brought  fresh  trouble  upon  Kintail. 
Though  Seaforth  rcmaiued  loyal  to  the  House  of  Hanover,  yet  it 
was  well  known  that  the  sympathies  of  the  people  were  on  the 
other  side.  Sheriffmuir  and  Glensheil  were  not  yet  forgotten.  A 
writer  of  the  period1  states  that  "some  of  the  wild  Macraes" 
were  out  in  that  yerr,  and  there  is  a  local  tradition  to  the  effect 
that  of  those  who  joined  in  that  rising  not  one  ever  again  returned 
to  Kintail.  After  the  battle  of  Culloden,  Lord  George  Sackville  - 
entered  Kintail  by  Glenaffric,  and  with  the  brutal  cruelty  so 
characteristic  both  of  himself  and  of  his  chief,  the  Duke  of 
Cumberland,  plundered  the  defenceless  people,  and  drove  away  a 
large  number  of  cattle  and  other  booty.3  In  the  course  of  his 
wanderings  after  the  defeat  at  Culloden,  Prince  Charles  came  to 

1  The  Highlands  in  1750,  edited  by  Andrew  Lang. 
2  The  subsequent  career  of  Lord  George  Sackville  (born  1716,  died  1785) 
was  far  from  creditable.  He  was  in  command  of  the  British  horse  at  the 
battle  of  Minden  in  1759,  when  his  conduct  was  so  unsatisfactory  that  he  was 
tried  by  Court-Martial  and  dismissed  from  the  army.  In  1775,  under  the 
title  of  Lord  Germaine,  he  became  Secretary  of  State  for  the  American 
Colonies,  and  directed  the  American  War,  with  the  disastrous  result  that  we  lost 
our  American  Colonies.  The  career  of  William,  Duke  of  Cumberland  (born 
1721,  died  1765),  son  of  George  II.,  was  no  less  discreditable.  In  1715  he  was 
in  command  of  the  British  army  which  was  defeated  by  the  French  in  the 
great  battle  of  Fontenoy,  in  the  Netherlands.  Next  year  he  defeated  the 
army  of  Prince  Charles  Edward  at  the  battle  of  Culloden,  after  which  he  fixed 
his  headquarters  at  Fort-Augustus,  and  harried  the  neighbouring  country  with 
every  species  of  military  execution.  The  barbarous  cruelty  with  which  he 
treated  the  defenceless  people  gained  for  him  the  nickname  of  "  The  Butcher." 
From  Scotland  he  returned  to  the  command  of  the  army  in  the  Netherlands, 
and  was  again  defeated  in  1746  by  the  French,  with  great  loss,  at  the  battle 
of  Laufeldt.  In  the  Seven  Years'  War  he  held  an  important  command,  and 
suffered  a  great  defeat  at  the  battle  of  Hastenbach  in  1757.  Shortly  after- 
wards he  made  a  humiliating  surrender  to  the  French  at  Klosterseven,  for 
which  he  was  recalled  and  degraded  from  his  rank  in  the  army.  Culloden 
was  his  only  victory,  and  the  very  fates  seemed  to  exact  grim  vengeance  for 
the  cruel  and  cowardly  use  he  made  of  it. 

3  Old  Statistical  Account  of  Kintail. 


Glensheil  on  the  27th  of  July,  1746,  and  remained  there  until  the 
following  afternoon.1 

With  the  defeat  of  Culloden  it  may  be  said  of  Kintail,  as  of 
the  rest  of  the  Highlands,  that  the  old  order  of  things  came  to  an 
end,  and  began  gradually  to  make  way  for  the  modern  conditions 
of  life.  There  arose  a  greater  security  of  life  and  property  as 
people  learned  to  look  to  the  law  for  protection  rather  than  to  the 
sword.  Cattle-lifting  and  clan  feuds  came  to  an*  end,  schools  were 
established,  and  means  of  communication  with  the  great  commer- 
cial and  industrial  centres  of  the  South  greatly  improved.  But 
although  settled  peace  and  security  thus  brought  many  benefits, 
yet  there  came,  on  the  other  hand,  many  unavoidable  social  and 
economic    changes    which    did    not   always   prove   an   unmixed 

In  the  Old  Statistical  Accounts  of  Kintail,  by  the  Rev.  Roderick 
Morrison,  and  of  Glensheil,  by  the  Rev.  John  Macrae,  we  have  a 
fairly  full  description  of  the  circumstances  of  the  country  during 
the  fifty  years  following  the  battle  of  Culloden.  About  1769-1774, 
a  large  number  of  the  people  emigrated  to  America,  chiefly  to 
Carolina.  Their  descendants  are  still  numerous  there  and  in  the 
neighbouring  States,  and  many  of  them  have  since  been  honourably 
associated  with  the  affairs  of  their  adopted  country.  These 
emigrants  belonged,  as  a  rule,  to  the  well-to-do  farmers  of  the 
country.  They  were  not  unfrequcntly  young  men  to  whom  the  idle 
life  imposed  upon  them  by  the  peace  and  the  altered  conditions 
which  followed  the  battle  of  Culloden,  was  not  always  agreeable. 
Many  were  prompted  to  seek  new  homes,  partly  by  love  of  adven- 
ture, and  partly  by  a  desire  to  share  in  the  rumoured  wealth  of 
the  New  World.  It  would  seem,  too,  that  even  in  those  days  the 
rent  question  was  not  altogether  free  from  difficulties,  and  that 
the  more  spirited  of  these  men  disliked  a  connection  with  their 
Chief,  in  which  valour  was  no  longer  of  any  account,  and  of  which 
the  chief  feature  was  the  paying  of  rent. 

We  find  difficulties  about  the  rent  as  far  back  as  the  time  of 
Colin,  first  Earl  of  Seaforth,  who  lived  in  far  greater  state  than 
any  of  his  predecessors,  and  was,  therefore,  obliged  to  raise  the 
rents   accordingly.'2     The  relations  set  forth  in  Ian  Mac  Mhur- 

i  Page  210.  2  Page  189. 


achaidh's  poems,1  as  existing  between  the  people  and  their  chief, 
may  reasonably  be  regarded  as  somewhat  exaggerated.  The 
poems  containing  references  to  such  relations  were  evidently 
composed  with  a  view  to  induce  as  many  people  as  possible 
to  emigrate  with  him  to  America,  and  it  is  but  natural  that 
he  should  dwell  somewhat  emphatically  on  the  disadvantages  of 
life  iu  the  old  country,  as  compared  with  the  advantages  of  the 
promised  land  beyond  the  seas.  But  the  pointed  and  practical 
advice  he  gives  to  the  landlords  themselves  reasonably  pre- 
supposes some  excuse  for  offering  it,  and  it  is  interesting  as 
showing  what  the  class  of  men  to  whom  he  belonged  held  to  be 
the  landlord's  wisest  and  most  practical  policy  to  adopt  toward  his 

Cum  na  clachan  steibhe 

Dh'fhag  na  daoine  gleusda  'n  coir  dhut. 

Bidhe  aoidheal  ris  a  cheathairne, 
Cum  taobh  nan  daoine  matha  riut, 
'S  gur  mor  an  cliu  gun  chleith 
A  choisininn  t-athar  air  an  t-sheol  sin. 

Gur  iomadh  bochd  'us  dinnleachdan 
Thug  beannachd  air  do  shinuseara, 
Gur  maireanach  an  dilib  sin, 
'S  gur  cinntiche  na  'n  t-or  e.2 

On  the  whole,  however,  the  relations  existing  between  the  Sea- 
forths  and  the  people  of  Kintail  were  usually  very  cordial,  thanks 
to  the  pastoral  richness  of  the  country,  and  the  tact  and  sense  of 
justice  evidently  possessed  by  some  of  the  Macrae  Chamberlains, 
who  were  so  frequently  the  real  rulers  and  administrators  of  the 
affairs  of  Kintail,  for  during  the  last  two  hundred  years  of  their 
power  the  Earls  of  Seaforth  were  hardly  ever  resident  in  Kintail 
themselves.  The  traditions  of  the  country  have  preserved  frag- 
ments of  songs  in  which  the  virtues  of  more  than  one  Chamber- 

l  Appendix  J. 
2  Preserve  the  foundation  stones  left  to  you  by  able  and  generous  men.    Be 
courteous  to  the  yeomanry,  keep  the  good  men  on  your  »ide,  great  and  evident 

was  the  renown  gained  by  your  father  in  that  way.  Many  a  poor  man  and 
many  an  orphan  invoked  blessings  on  your  ancestors.  Such  things  are  an 
enduring  heritage,  and  more  to  be  relied  on  than  gold. 


lain  are  set  forth,  and  of  which  the  lament  for  Ian  Breac  Mac 
Mhaighster  Fearacher1  may  be  taken  as  an  example. 

But  the  social  stagnation  which  seemed  to  be  setting  in  after 
the  battle  of  Culloden  was  not  destined  to  last  long.  A  change 
was  rapidly  approaching,  and  scarcely  had  the  emigration  com- 
menced when  the  Highlanders  were  called  upon  to  fight  the  battles 
of  their  country  in  all  quarters  of  the  globe.  To  this  appeal  the 
men  of  Kintail,  like  the  rest  of  their  compatriots,  gave  a  ready  and 
willing  response.  A  fair  number  of  Highlanders  fought  in  the 
great  wars  of  the  last  century,  such  as  the  War  of  the  Austrian 
Succession  (1740-1748),  and  the  Seven  Years'  War  (1756-1763), 
and  there  were  certainly  a  few  Kintail  men  among  them,  but  it 
was  not  until  towards  the  end  of  the  century  that  Highlanders 
were  either  encouraged  or  invited  to  join  the  army  in  large  num- 
bers, and  that  the  famous  Highland  Regiments  were  enrolled. 
Between  1778  and  1804,  four  battalions  of  about  a  thousand  men 
each  were  raised  by  the  Earls  of  Seaforth,2  and  each  battalion 
contained  a  large  number  of  men  from  Kintail. 

It  would  seem  from  the  Old  Statistical  Account  that  the  forty 
years  following  the  battle  of  Culloden  was,  on  the  whole,  a  period 
of  prosperity  for  Kintail.  There  was  a  steady  increase  of  popula- 
tion in  spite  of  emigration,  and  so  well  off  were  the  people  that  the 
famine  of  1782,  which  was  felt  so  severely  in  many  parts  of  the 
Highlands,  was  not  felt  at  all  in  Kintail.  In  1792  there  were  only 
fifteen  poor  persons  in  Kintail  and  twenty-one  in  Glensheil.  These 
were  supported  by  the  weekly  collections  in  the  churches  and  by  the 
charity  of  their  neighbours.  There  was  no  confirmed  drunkard  in 
cither  of  the  two  parishes,  and  no  thieves.  A  baron-bailie  or  judge 
visited  the  country  quarterly  to  settle  such  differences  as  might 
arise  among  the  people.  Those  differences  were  usually  questions 
connected  with  encroachments  on  marches,  trespassing,  and  pen- 
folding.  From  the  beginning  of  June  to  about  the  middle  of 
August  the  cattle  were  moved  from  the  arable  fields  and  lower 
pastures  to  the  sheilings  on  the  upper  moorlands.  A  number  of 
people  went  along  with  the  cattle  as  herds  and  dairymaids,  and 
huts  were  erected  for  shelter  and  sleeping  accommodation.  In  fine 
summer  weather  life  under  such  circumstances  would  not  be  un- 

l  Appendix  J.        2  Appendix  D. 


pleasant,  and  the  season  spent  in  the  sheiling  was  usually  regarded 
as  a  time  of  much  enjoyment.  It  was  a  time  of  mirth  and  love 
making,  and  the  praise  of  nigheau  na  h'airidh  (the  maid  of  the 
sheiling)  forms  the  theme  of  many  a  Gaelic  love  song.  The  stock 
consisted  mainly  of  Highland  cattle.  There  were  hardly  any 
sheep,  but  there  were  about  three  hundred  horses  at  this  time  in 
the  parish  of  Kintail  alone,  and  probably  a  corresponding  number 
in  Glensheil.  There  was  a  parish  school  at  Cro  and  another  near 
the  Church  of  Glensheil.  There  was  a  third  school  in  Glenelchaig 
supported  by  subscriptions  from  the  farmers,  many  of  whom  were 
Roman  Catholics,  nearly  a  third  of  the  people  of  Kintail  at 
that  time  being  of  that  creed.1  It  is  to  the  credit  of  Pro- 
testants and  Roman  Catholics  alike  that  religious  differences 
did  not  prevent  them  from  combining  to  support  the  cause 
of  education.  Considering  all  circumstances,  it  would  appear 
that  at  the  close  of  the  last  century  the  people  of  Kintail  were  in 
fairly  prosperous  circumstances,  and  quite  as  advanced  in  their 
views  and  ways  as  any  of  their  neighbours. 

But  there  was  evidently  a  marked  change  for  the  worse  during 
the  next  forty  years.  The  population,  which  was  almost  stationary 
during  the  period  of  the  Napoleonic  War,  when  so  many  of  the 
men  were  serving  in  the  army,  began  to  increase  rapidly  after  the 
peace  of  1815,  without  any  corresponding  increase  in  the  means  of 
sustenance,  and  we  learn  from  the  New  Statistical  Account  in  1836 
that  at  that  time  there  was  a  considerable  amount  of  poverty  in 
the  country.  But  the  increase  of  population  was  not  the  sole 
cause  of  this  change.  Francis,  Earl  of  Seaforth,  having  got  into 
debt,  was  obliged  to  sell  considerable  portions  of  his  West  Coast 
estates.  When  his  people  came  to  know  of  the  state  of  his  affairs 
they  offered  to  pay  his  debts  if  he  would  reside  among  them,  but 
their  offer  was  disregarded.  Lochalsh  was  sold  under  value  in 
1803,  Kintail  and  a  large  portion  of  Glensheil  followed  in  1S07, 
and  the  long  connection  of  the  Seaforth  family  with  that  country 
was  all  but  euded  before  the  death  of  the  last  Earl  of  Seaforth, 
which  occurred  at  Warriston,  near  Edinburgh,  on  the  1 1th  of  Janu- 
ary, 1815 — the  last  of  the  direct  male  representatives  of  the  House 
of  Kintail.    The  remainder  of  the  old  Kintail  estate  was  sold  by  his 

1  For  an  account  of  the  founding  of  the  Roman  Catholic  Mission  in  Kintail 
see  page  73. 


grandson,  Keith  William  Stewart-Mackenzie,  in  1869,  and  the  last 
connecting  link  between  the  Seaforth  family  and  Kintail  was  thus 
finally  severed. 

With  the  severing  of  the  old  Seaforth  connection,  there  came 
other  changes  also,  changes  of  an  unavoidable  nature,  which  were 
only  a  part  of  the  great  social  change  which,  during  the  last 
hundred  years,  has  gradually  transformed,  either  for  better 
or  worse,  the  circumstances  and  the  condition  of  the  people  of  the 
Highlands.  Farms  on  a  larger  scale  were  let  to  strangers  from 
the  South  ;  sheep  took  the  place  of  cattle.  The  smaller  tenants 
were  gradually  dispossessed  of  their  holdings  in  order  to  make 
way  for  large  sheep  farms,  and  in  many  instances  poverty  was  the 
result.  Those  who  had  attained  to  middle  age  in  the  midst  of  the 
free  and  primitive  surroundings  to  which  they  had  hitherto  been 
accustomed,  could  not  be  expected  to  take  kindly  to  a  change 
either  of  abode  or  occupation,  and  when  they  left  the  country  in 
search  of  a  new  horns,  as  many  of  them  did,  it  was  only  to 
experience  failure,  disappointment,  and  poverty. 

The  young  and  the  enterprising  emigrated  in  large  numbers, 
chiefly  to  Canada,  and  between  1831  and  1841  there  began  a 
steady  decrease  of  the  population,  which  has  continued  ever  siuce. 
The  decrease  of  population,  however,  is  not  to  be  attributed  solely 
to  the  formation  of  large  farms.  It  was  observed  during  the 
early  decades  of  the  present  century  that  the  spread  of  education 
and  the  increased  facilities  of  communication  with  the  South 
induced  many  of  the  more  enterprising  young  people  to  seek 
opportunities  of  improving  their  circumstances  elsewhere.  This 
is  equally  true  at  the  present  time,  and  small  though  the  popula- 
tion is,  positions  of  honour  and  trust,  both  at  home  and  abroad, 
are  occupied  by  more  than  one  of  the  sons  of  Kintail,  who  could 
have  found  no  possible  career  in  their  own  native  parish. 

It  has  already  been  mentioned  that  the  old  church  in  Kintail 
was  destroyed  in  1719.  Another  church  was  built  some  time 
afterwards.  Part  of  the  roof  of  this  church  fell  in  during  divine 
service  on  Sunday,  the  7th  October,  1855,  without  injuring  any 
one.  It  was  then  declared  unsafe,  and  the  present  church  built. 
The  following  is  a  list  of  the  ministers  of  Kintail  since  the  Refor- 
mation, with  the  dates  of  the  commencement  of  their  ministry  : — 


John  Murchison  (Reader) 1574 

Murdoch  Murchison 1614 

Farquhar  Macrae        ------  1618 

Donald  Macrae  -------  1662 

Donald  Macrae  -         -         -         -         -         -         -  1681 

John  Maclean     -------  1730 

Donald  Maclean 1774 

Roderick  Morison 1781 

James  Morison   -------  1825 

Roderick  Morison 1877 

Roderick  Mackenzie 1898 

The  Free  Church  principles  of  the  Disruption  of  1843  did  not 
meet  with  much  favour  in  Kintail,  which  is  one  of  the  very  few 
Ross-shire  parishes  in  which  the  Free  Church  has  no  place  of 
worship.  The  failure  of  the  Free  Church  movement  in  Kintail 
was,  to  a  certain  extent,  owing  to  the  traditional  dislike  of  the 
people  to  the  Whigs  with  whom  they  believed  the  movement  to 
be  in  some  measure  associated  ;  hut  the  chief  cause  was  the 
popularity  of  the  two  parish  ministers  of  the  time,  the  Rev.  .lames 
Morrison  of  Kintail  and  the  Rev.  John  Macrae  of  Glenshcil,  whose 
fathers,  as  ministers  of  the  same  two  parishes,  had  succeeded  in 
winning  the  people  over  to  the  Presbyterian  Church,  and  who 
were  themselves,  both  of  them,  men  of  ability  and  sound  judg- 
ment, and  of  light  and  leading  among  the  people  with  whom,  by 
family  and  other  associations,  they  had  been  so  long  connected. 

The  Roman  Catholic  Mission,  which  is  still  conducted  in  Kin- 
tail, was  founded,  as  already  mentioned,1  by  the  Rev.  Alexander, 
son  of  the  Rev.  John  Macrae,  last  Episcopalian  minister  of  Ding- 
wall. For  many  years  the  mission  was  conducted  by  priests  who 
visted  the  country  from  time  to  time,  but  towards  the  close  of  the 
last  century  a  native  of  Kintail,  the  Rev.  Christopher  Macrae,  was 
appointed  priest  in  charge,  and  since  then  there  has  been  a  regular 
succession  of  priests  resident  at  Dornie.  The  present  priest  in 
charge  is  the  Rev.  Archibald  Chisholm.  The  handsome  Roman 
Catholic  premises  at  Dornie  were  built  by  the  late  Duchess  of  Leeds, 
and  consist  of  a  church,  presbytery,  convent,  and  school.  The 
church,  which  is  dedicated  to  Saint  Duthac,  was  opened  in  1861. 

Although  the  district  of  Glensheil  was  made  into  a  separate 
parish  in  1726,  and  a  minister  appointed  in  1730,  there  was  no 
l  Page  70. 


permanent  church  built  until  1758,  when  the  present  Church  was 
erected.  The  following  is  a  list  of  the  ministers  of  Glensheil,  with 
the  dates  of  the  commencement  of  their  ministry  :— 

John  Beton  (or  Bethunc)    -----  1730 

John  Macrae -         -  1777 

John  Macrae       -------  1824 

Farquhar  Maciver 1840 

Alexander  Matheson  ----.-  1864 

Duncan  Macrae 1891 

There  is  now  a  Free  Church  in  the  parish  of  Glensheil,  which  was 
built  in  1865.  The  first  minister  of  it  was  the  Rev.  Angus  Mac- 
kay,  and  he  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  Kenneth  Macrae,  who  was 
ordained  in  1898. 

Population  of  Kintail  and  Glensheil  at  various  periods  : — 
Kintail.         Glensheil.  Total. 

1755    ...  693  509  1202 

1790    ...  840  721  1561 

1801     ...         1038  710  1748 

1811     ...         1058  728  1786 

1821     ...         1027  768  1795 

1831    ...         1240  715  1955 

1841     ...         1168  745  1913 

1851    ...         1009  573  1582 

1861    ...  890  485  1375 

1871     ...  753  463  1216 

1881     ...  688  424  1112 

1891     ...  588  394  982 




I.  Descent  of  Margaret  Mackenzie,  first  wife  of  Alexander  Macrae 
of  Inverinate  (page  70) : — 

EDWARD  I.  of  England  had,  by  his  second  wife,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Philip  III.  of  France,  a  son, 

1.  Edmund  Plantagenet,  who  married  Margaret,  daughter  of 
John,  Lord  Wake,  and  was  beheaded  in  1329.    He  had  a  daughter, 

2.  Joan,  the  "  Fair  Maid  of  Kent,"  who  died  in  1385.  She 
married  Sir  Thomas  Holland,  Earl  of  Kent,  and  afterwards  the 
Black  Prince.     By  Sir  Thomas  Holland  she  had 

3.  Thomas  Holland,  Earl  of  Kent,  who  married  Alice  Pifczalan, 
and  died  in  1397.     He  had  a  daughter, 

4.  Margaret,  who  married  John  Beaufort  (died  1410),  son  of 
John  of  Gaunt,  son  of  Edward  III.,  and  had  a  daughter, 

5.  Jane  Beaufort,  who  married  King  James  I.  of  Scotland, 
and,  secondly,  Sir  James  Stewart,  the  "Black  Knight  of  Lorn/' 
She  died  in  1445,  leaving  by  her  second  marriage  a  son, 

6.  John  Stewart,  first  Earl  of  Athole,  who  married,  first, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Archibald,  fifth  Earl  of  Douglas.  He 
married,  secondly,  Eleanor,  daughter  of  William  Sinclair,  Earl  of 
Orkney,  and  died  in  1512.     By  his  second  marriage  he  had  a  son, 

7.  John  Stewart,  second  Earl  of  Athole,  killed  at  Flodden  in 
1513.  He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Archibald  CaKPBIU ., 
second  Earl  of  Argyll  (killed  at  Flodden),  son  of  Colin  Campbkll, 
first  Earl  of  Argyll  (died  1493),  son  of  Abchibald  Campbell  (died 
before  his  father),  son  of  Sir  Duncan  Campbell  (died  1453),  by  his 
wife,  Marjory  Stewart,  daughter  of  Robert,  Duke  of  Albany, 
Regent  of  Scotland  (died  1420),  son  of  Robert  II.  (died  1390), 


son  of  Walter,  Lord  High  Steward  of  Scotland,  by  his  wife 
Marjory,  daughter  of  Robert  Bruce  (died  1329).  By  his 
marriage  with  Mary  Campbell,  John,  Earl  of  Athole,  had  a 

8.  Elizabeth  Stewart,  who  married  Kenneth  Mackenzie, 
tenth  Baron  of  Kintail,  who  died  in  1568,  leaving  a  younger  son, 

9.  Roderick  Mackenzie,  first  of  Redcastle,  who  married 
Florence,  daughter  of  Robert  Munro  of  Fowlis,  and  died  shortly 
after  1608.  He  had,  with  other  issue,  Colin,  of  whom  below,  and 
a  son, 

10.  Murdoch  Mackenzie,  second  of  Redcastle,  who,  in  1599, 
married  Margaret,  daughter  of  William  Rose,  eleventh  of  Kil- 
ravock,  and  died  before  1629.  He  had,  with  other  issue,  Finguala, 
of  whom  below,  and 

11.  Margaret,  who  married  Alexander  Macrae  of  Inverinate. 

II.  Descent  of  Mary  Mackenzie,  second  wife  of  Alexander  Macrae 
of  Inverinate  (page  70),  from  Jane  Beaufort  (No.  5  in  the 
first  Table). 

Jane  Beaufort,  as  mentioned  above,  married,  first,  James  I. 
of  Scotland  (died  1437),  son  of  Robert  III.  (died  1406),  son  of 
Robert  II.  (died  1390),  son  of  Marjory,  daughter  of  Robert 
Bruce.     By  this  marriage  Jane  Beaufort  had  a  daughter, 

6.  Annabella,  who  married  George  Gordon,  second  Earl  of 
Huntly  (died  1502),  and  had  a  son, 

7.  Alexander  Gordon,  third  Earl  of  Huntly,  who  commanded 
the  left  wing  of  the  Scottish  army  at  Flodden  in  1513,  married 
Joan,  daughter  of  John  Stewart,  first  Earl  of  Athole  (No.  6  in  the 
above  Table),  by  his  first  marriage,  and  died  in  1524.  He  had  a 

8.  John  Gordon,  who  married  Margaret,  natural  daughter  of 
King  James  IV.  by  Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Lord  Drummond, 
and  died  before  his  father,  leaving  a  son, 

9.  George  Gordon,  fourth  Earl  of  Huntly,  "  the  most  power- 
ful subject  in  Scotland,"  who  was  killed  at  Corrichie,  near  Aberdeen, 
in  1562.  He  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Robert,  Lord 
Keith,  who  was  killed  at  Flodden,  and  had  a  daughter, 

THE   HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  371 

10.  Elizabeth  Gordon,  who  married  John  Stewart,  fourth  Karl 
of  Athole  (died  1579),  and  had  a  daughter, 

11.  Elizabeth  Stewart,  who  married  Hugh  Eraser,  Lord  Lovat 
(died  157G),  and  had  a  daughter, 

12.  Anne  Eraser,  who  married  Hector  Munro  of  Fowlis  (died 
1603),  and.had  a  daughter, 

13.  Margaret  Munro,  who  married  Alexander  Mackenzie  of 
Dochmaluag,  Strathpeft'er  (died  163G),  and  had  a  daughter, 

11.  Mary  Mackenzie,  who  married  Alexander  Macrae  of  Inver- 

III.  Descent  of  Agnes  Mackenzie,  first  wife  of  the  Rev.  John  Mac- 
rae of  Dingwall  (page  115),  progenitor  of  the  Conchra  family, 
from    Roderick    Mackenzie   of  Redcastle  (No.  0   in  the  first 
Table)  :— 
Roderick  Mackenzie  of  Redcastle   had,  as  mentioned  above, 

a  younger  son, 

10.  Colin  Mackenzie,  first  of  Kincraig,  who  married  Catherine 
(sasine  to  her,  15  Sept.,  1G17),  daughter  of  the  Rev.  John  Mac- 
kenzie of  Dingwall,  and  had  a  daughter, 

11.  Agnes,  who  married,  as  his  first  wife,  the  Rev.  John  Macrae 
of  Dingwall. 

IV.   Descent  of  Flora  Gillanders,  wife  of  John  Macrae  (page  179), 
from  Murdoch  Mackenzie  of  Redcastle  (No.   10  in  the  first 
Murdoch  Mackenzie,  second  of  Redcastle,  had,  as  mentioned 

above,  a  daughter, 

11.  Finguala  Mackenzie,  who  married  Roderick  Mackenzie, 
first  of  Applecross  (died  1616),  and  had  a  son, 

12.  John  Mackenzie,  second  of  Applecross  (s.isinc  1GG3), 
married  a  daughter  of  Hugh  Eraser,  third  of  Belladrum,  and  had 
a  son, 

13.  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  first  of  Auldenny,  married  Isabel, 
daughter  of  John  Matheson  of  Bennetsfield,  by  Mary,  daughter  of 
the  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  of  Kintail  (p.  162),  and  had  a  son, 

14.  Roderick  Mackenzie,  second  of  Auldenny  (sasine  1709), 


married  Margaret  (or  Catherine),  daughter  of  Simon  Mackenzie  of 
Torridon,  and  had  a  daughter, 

15.  Janet  Mackenzie,  who  married  John  Mackenzie,  of  the 
Dochmaluag  family,  and  had  a  son, 

16.  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  of  Torrancullin,  near  Kinloehewe 
(died  1837),  who  married  Kate  Mackenzie,  of  the  Torridon  family 
(died  1848),  and  had  a  daughter, 

17.  Margaret  Mackenzie,  who  was  born  in  1797,  and  died  at 
Strathpeffer,  1888.  She  married  Alexander  Gillauders,  born  at 
Kishorn,  1792,  died  at  Strathpeffer,  1877,  and  had,  with  other 

18.  Flora  Gillanders,  who  married  John  Macrae. 

Colonel    J.    A.    STEWART-MACKENZIE    of   Seaforth 




I.  Kenneth,  or  in  Gaelic,  Coinncach,  who  gave  their  name 
to  the  great  Clan  of  Claim  Choinnich  or  Mackenzie.  He  married 
Morbha,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macdougall  of  Lorn.  Kenneth 
died  in  1304,  and  was  buried  in  Iona.  He  was  succeeded  by 
his  son, 

II.  John,  the  first  of  the  race,  who  was  called  Mackenzie,  led 
500  of  his  vassals  at  Bannockburn  in  1314.  He  married  Margaret, 
daughter  of  David  dc  Strathbogie,  Earl  of  Atholl,  by  Joan, 
daughter  of  the  Red  Comyn  who  was  killed  by  Robert  Bruce  in 
1306.     John  died  in  1328,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

III.  Kenneth,  known  as  Coinneach  na  Sroine  (Kenneth  of 
the  Nose),  who  was  executed  by  the  Earl  of  Ross  at  Inverness  in 
1346.     He  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

IV.  Murdoch,  called  Murachadh  Dubh  na'  h'Uaigh  (Black 
Murdoch  of  the  Cave).  He  died  in  1375,  and  was  succeeded  by 
his  son, 

V.  Murdoch,  called  Murachadh  na  Drochaid  (Murdoch  of 
the  Bridge).  It  was  in  his  and  his  son's  time  that  Fionnla 
Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd,  the  founder  of  the  Clan  Macrae  of 
Kintail,  lived.     He  died  in  1416,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

VI.  Alexander,  called  Alister  Ionraic  (Alexander  the  Upright) 
to  whom,  during  his  minority,  Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd 
was  guardian.     He  died  in  1488,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

VII.  Kenneth,  called  Coinneach  a  Bhlair  (Kenneth  of  the 
Battle).     He  died  in  1491,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

VIII.  Kenneth,  who  was  treacherously  killed  by  the  Laird 
of  Buchanan,  in  1497,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  brother, 


IX.  John,  of  Killin,  who  fought  at  Floddon  in  1513,  and  at 
Pinkie  in  1547.      Ho  died  in  1561,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

X.  Kenneth,  called  Coinneach  na  Cuirc  (Kenneth  of  the 
Whittle).     He  died  in  1568,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

XI.  Colin,  called  Cailean  Cam  (One-eyed  Colin).  He  died 
in  1594,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

XII.  Kenneth,  Lord  Mackenzie  of  Kintail.  He  died  in  1611, 
and  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

XIII.  Colin,  first  Earl  of  Seaforth.  He  died  in  1633,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  brother, 

XIV.  George,  second  Earl  of  Seaforth,  a  leading  Royalist  in 
the  Civil  War,  died  in  Holland  in  1651,  and  was  succeeded  by 
his  son, 

XV.  Kenneth,  third  Earl  of  Seaforth,  called  Coinneach  Mor 
(Big  Kenneth),  also  a  firm  Royalist.  He  died  in  1678,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  son, 

XVI.  Kenneth,  fourth  Earl  of  Seaforth,  died  in  Paris  in  1701, 
and  was  succeeded  by  his  sou, 

XVII.  William,  fifth  Earl  of  Seaforth,  known  as  Uilleam  Dubh 
a  Chogidh  (Black  William  of  the  War).  For  the  prominent  part 
he  took  in  the  Jacobite  Rising  of  1715,  he  was  attainted,  and 
his  estates  forfeited.  He  died  in  Lews  in  1740,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  son, 

XVIII.  Kenneth,  for  whom  the  estates  were  bought  from  the 
Crown  in  1741,  and  who  was  known  by  the  courtesy  title  of  Lord 
Fortrose.  He  was  the  Seaforth  of  the  time  of  Prince  Charles,  but, 
notwithstanding  his  well-known  Jacobite  sympathies,  he  considered 
it  more  prudent  to  remain  loyal  to  the  House  of  Hanover.  He 
died  in  London  in  1761,  and  was  buried  in  Westminster  Abbey. 
He  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

XIX.  Kenneth,  created  Baron  Ardclve  and  Earl  Seaforth 
(Ireland).  He  died  near  St  Helena  in  1781  while  on  the  way  to 
India  as  Colonel  of  the  old  78th  Regiment,  raised  by  him  on  his 
own  estates,  and  now  known  as  the  1st  Battalion  of  the  Seaforth 
Highlanders.     He  left  no  male  issue.     He  was  succeeded  by 

XX.  Thomas  Frederick  Mackenzie-Humberston,  Colonel  of 
the  Hundredth  Foot,  son  of  William,  son  of  Alexander,  son  of 
Kenneth,  third  Earl  of  Seaforth.  He  was  killed  in  India  in  1783, 
and,  leaving  no  issue,  was  succeeded  by  his  brother, 


XXI.  Francis  Humberston  Mackenzie,  created  Lord  Seaforth 
of  the  United  Kingdom.  He  sold  the  greater  portion  of  the  Kin- 
tail  estates,  died  in  1815  without  surviving  male  issue,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  daughter, 

XXII.  Mary  Elizabeth  Fredrica,  who  married,  first,  Admiral 
Sir  Samuel  Hood,  without  issue.  She  married,  secondly,  the 
Honourable  James  Alexander  Stewart,  with  issue,  and  died  at 
Brahan  in  1862.      She  was  succeeded  by  her  son, 

XXIII.  Keith  William  Stewart  Mackenzie,  who  sold  what 
remained  of  Kintail  in  1869.  He  died  in  1881,  and  was  succeeded 
by  his  son, 

XXIV.  James  Alexander  Francis  Humberston  Stewart- 
Mackenzie,  Colonel  of  the  Ninth  Lancers,  and  lineal  representa- 
tive of  the  Earls  of  Seaforth. 

When  Francis  Humberston  Mackenzie,  Lord  Seaforth,  died 
without  surviving  male  issue,  in  1815,  there  was  no  known  male 
representative  left  of  any  head  of  the  house  of  Kintail  since 
Kenneth,  Lord  Mackenzie  of  Kintail,  who  died  in  1611.  Kenneth 
had  seven  sons,  but  the  male  issue  of  the  first  six  had,  so  far  as 
known,  become  extinct.     The  seventh  son  was 

Simon,  of  Lochslin,  who  died  in  1666,  having  had,  with  other 
issue — 

Simon,  who  died  in  1664,  leaving  an  only  son, 

Simon,  first  of  Allangrange,  who  died  in  1730,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  son, 

George,  second  of  Allangrange,  who  died  in  1773,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  son, 

John,  third  of  Allangrange,  who  died  in  1812,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  son, 

(xxn.)  George  Falconer,  who  was  served  heir  male  to  the 
House  of  Kintail  in  1829.  He  died  in  1841,  and  was  succeeded 
by  his  son, 

(xxiii.)  John  Falconer,  fifth  of  Allangrange,  win,  dud 
unmarried,  in  1849,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  brother, 

(xxiv.)  James  Fowler,  now  of  Allangrange,  lineal  representa- 
tive of  the  Chiefs  of  the  great  Clan  Mackenzie,  and  heir  male  to 
the  dormant  honours  and  ancient  titles  of  the  historic  family  of 



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£      S.      D. 

223     6     8 
266  13     4 
200     0     0 
100     0     0 
100     0     0 
173  13     4 
233     6     8 
233     6     8 
213     6     8 

197     6     8 
86  11     8 

245     3     4 

111     0     0 
40     0     0 



£     s.     D. 
16     0     0 
20     0     0 

16  0    0 
7  10     0 
7  10     0 

13     0     0 

17  10     0 
17  10     0 

15  0     0 

16  0     0 
7     0     0 

19  17     8 

9     0    0 




—  -    -     :: 



:    :  o  o  ir.  o    :    :      :      :  o        :        :    : 


—  ;  :  : :    -     i  • 


-h^hh    H   ^      c        :    : 

Achnagart  of  Glensheel  ... 

Easter  Achy  uran 

Wester  Achy  uran 



Mickle  Ratigan     

Little  Ratigan      

Little  Achyark     


Muck          ...         

Mickle  Achiy  ark 




KINTAIL— Barony  op  Ardelf. 

John  M'Rae 

Donald  M'Rae         

Maurice  Macra        

John  M'Rae...         


Murdo  M'Vic  Wuirich       

Farquhar  M'Rae     ... 

Christopher  M'Rae 

Malcolm  M'Rae       \ 

Murdo  M'Rae          J 

Christopher  M'Rae,  junr 

Murdo  M'Rae         

Ann  M'Rae } 

Duncan  M'Rae        1 

John  M'Rae,  junr.  ...         ...          J 

Duncan  M'Rae        

John  M'Ean  vie  Eulay 


-  i 

£        S.      D. 

24  13     4 

30  16     8 
80     0     0 
72  16     8 

131     6     8 
129  19     0 
80     0     0 
40     0     0 
10     0     0 
30     0     0 

20  0     0 
60     0     0 
10     0     0 
10     0     0 
55  10     0 

351     1     4 
167     2     0 
71   12     0 

21  15  10 

84     0     0 
226  13     4 



£     s.    D. 
2     0     0 
2  10     0 

6     0     0 
6     0     0 

10  "o    0 
10  10     0 

4  10     0 
28     9     0 
13  10     0 

1  17     6 

4     0     0 

17     0     0 



i.s   s   :•::    s   ::::::::=  -9-   s     :           i 


:':•-:««!::::■:::--.::-:         « 



:;  ;s  ;;;;;::;;;:;  2  s»»s    :       : 


rtlH H rt 


:::-    :w«    :;::::::.:   «    f  f  ^      :         c 


Achniterd  Easter... 
Achinterd  Wester 
Easter  Druidaig   ... 
Wester  Druidaig  ... 





Rowracb,    divided    into 
Mickle  Oxgate,  Middle- 
Oxgate,  and  Culmulin 

Artullich  and  Clachan(?). 
Morrich     ... 


Do.,  one  penny  and  half. 
Easter  Leakichan... 
Wester  Leakichan 
Achidren     (where    the 
Mwmt  is  now)  ... 

Mickle  Innerinnit 


KINTAIL— (Continued). 

Kenneth  M'Uae      

William  Mackenzie            

Christopher  M'Rae 

Finlay  M'Rae          

Duncan  M'Rae        

Donald  M'Rae         

Christopher  M'Rae             

Mary  M'Rae,  widow           

Alexander  M'Rae ^1 

John  M'Uae- Smith 

Dond.  M'Rae          

Augus  M'Huiston \ 

Dond.  Bayne           

John  M'Rae 

Donald  M'Kulay  Duy         ...          J 

D.mald  M'Uae          

Far.  |uhar  M'Rae     \ 

Alexander  M'Rae J 

Colin  Murchison      


John  M'Crimmon 

Rory  M'Lennan      

Florence  Mackenzie,  widd.  of  Dn.") 

M'Rae      J 

Farquhar  Finlav     \ 

Finlay  M'Uae    '       I 

Alexander  M'Uae j 

John  M'Uae J 



2  o 

£      S.      D. 

52     1     0 

69  6  8 
23  2  6 
34  13     4 

120  0  0 
12  12  0 
88  12     0 

212     2     8 

129  10     0 

127  10  8 
166  13  4 
173     6     8 

74  0  0 
132     6     4 

59     0     0 

11  0  0 
212     2     8 

72  2  8 
111     0     0 

8  ■ 

£       8.      D. 

4  4     0 

5  4     0 

1  17     6 

2  12     0 
9     0     0 

6  14     8 
17     4     0 

10  10     0 
9  16     0 

12  10     0 

13  0     0 
6     0     0 

11  0     4 
5     0     0 
1     0     0 

17     4     0 
5  16     0 
9     0     0 


o          ::  o    :::':"    :  ::■::::      :        :        :          : 


:        _    ;rt    :.„„.«« «      h        . 



O            0;u-o;00         :         ;;;0000         O         O            O 


;      :;:;;::--—;;;:::      : 


-     -  ;—  :--  -  «««  :  :  •:    i    -     i      \ 


Keppoch  Mickle 


Little  Keppoch     

Clinbow  (hrlinn  Carr) 


Half  Craigag  (?) 





Upper  Killilkn     




Upper  Mamaig      

For  half  of  Craigag  (?)     ... 


Neather  Mamaig 





Donald  M'Ley         -| 

Murdo  M'Coilire     ... 

Donald  M'Coilvue j 

Alexander  M'Rae    ...         ...          J 

Duncan  M'Rae        

Donald  M'Aulay     

Rory  M'Rae 

James  Mackenzie    ...         

Kenneth  M'Ean  vie  Illechallim    ... 

John  M'Conchie      

George  Mackenzie 

Christopher  MacRae          ...          \ 

Farquhar  MacRae / 

Murdo  M'Crae         

John  M'Crae           ...         

Alexander  M'Crae 

Murdo  Murchison 

Duncan  M'Crae 

Finlay  M'Crae         

Finlay  M'Crae,  above  mentioned,  \ 

and  Keunith  M'Crae      ...         / 

Alexander  M'Crae S 

Alexander  M'Crae j 

Duncan  M'Crae       "\ 

Donald  M'lUiehallum         ...          J 

Murdoch  M'Rea      S 

John  Bane   M'Ra,  for  half,  with  \ 

Murdo  M'Ra       J 



The   following   Macraes    were   landholders   in    the  parish 

Lochalsh  in  1718,  and  paid  together,  with  other  dues,  the  und( 
mentioned  rents  : — 

Alexander  M'Cra,  wadset  of  Conchra,  &c,  for  1000  marks — 

feu-duty  (Scots) £106  13 

Duncan  M'Cra  -         -         -         -         Innerskinnaig  [near  Conrhra)       73     13 

Duncan  M'Cra  -                                     Ardelve ....  77     •* 

Donald  Macro    -         -         -         -         Ardelve  -         -         -        -  77     «' 

Hugli  M'Ra Salchy   -  88  18 

Rental  of  Seaforth  Estates — Kintail  and  Glenshc 

Alexander  M'Rath,    - 

Malcolm  M'Eath 

John  M'Rath     - 

John  M'Rath     - 

Christopher  M'Rath  - 

The   Widow,   Alexander   Mac 

Challan,  and  Duncan  M'Ratl 
Duncan  MacMillan     - 
Rorie  MacLinan 
Mr   John   Beaton,  Minister  of  ( 

Let  terf  earn    -  -  -         I 

Christopher  M'Rath  - 
Kenneth    M'Rath,    Alexander"! 

M'Rath,  John's  son,  and  Alex-  - 

ander,  Christopher's  son  ) 

Donald  M'Rath's  widow,  Finlay  1 

Roy  M'Rath  J 

Donald  Oig  M'Rath   - 
Duncan  M'Rath 
Donald    M'Rath,    Christopher) 

M'Rath-  -       J 

Duncan  M'Rath, Alexander  Roy  "\ 

M'Rath-  -       / 

Donald      M'Rath,      Farquhar\ 

M'Rath-  -       J 

John  M'Rath,  Alexander  M'Rath 
Donald  Derg  Maclennau,  John  \ 

and  Donald   Buy  M'Lennan.) 
Alexander   M'Lennan,   Donald") 

Maclennan,  Donald  M'Leod  J 
Duncan    M'Lennan,    Karquharl 

M'Lennan,    Donald    M'Rath ) 
Four  Tenants     - 
Mr  John  M'Lean,  Minister   ofV 

Crowe  / 


Cambusnagawl         -        \ 

Ardintowl       -         -        ) 

Dal]       - 
/  Kastcranil  Wester  Drui-  \ 
I      daig,  Olenundalan       J 

J        Weatei  Achintyart 

Easter  Achintyart 
Leckichan       - 
Leckichan,  Muck,  Achi- 1 
gichuirn      -         -        / 
Kilehuinort    - 

Little  Ratagan 

Meikle  Ratagan 



Easter  Achigu ran    - 
Wester  Achiguran  - 
Inncrshcall     - 

Little  Achiyark 

Meikle  Achiyark 
Lienaasie,  Ice.  ■ 










8     0 

2  0 

3  i 




Three  Tenants  - 

Ardhullich  (?) 

£2501     1 

Farquhar  M'Kath 

Little  Inverinate     - 

2317     9 

Alister,  Farquhar's  sor 
John's  son 

,  Alister,! 

Meikle  Inverinate   - 

2018  10 

Duncan  M'Rath 

Leault    - 

805     6 

John  Cuthbert,  Finla 


Little  Keppoch 

407     9 

Tliree  Tenants  - 


1304     3 

Five  Tenants     - 

Dornie    - 

2607     9 

Two  Tenants     - 


1217     9 

Donald  M'Rath 

Camlmslynie  - 

3306     8 

Alexander  M'Rath,  & 

Nether  Mamaig 

614     4 

Christopher  M'Rath  - 

Duilig     -         - 

1911     1 

Duncan  M'Rath 

Fadoch  - 

1613     7 

Duncan  M'Rath 

Upper  Killilan 

2018     6 

Three  Tenants  - 

Nether  Killilan 

1603  10 

Duncan  M'Rath 


1007     6 

The  following  Macraes  appear  on  the  Rental  Roll  for  Loch- 

Alexander  M'Rath 
John  M'Rath     - 
Hector  M'Rath 

Altnasou  and  Drouaig 



£2912  1 
3413  4 
2704     5 



KEADAN     DUI5H     C  II I  N  I A  ILL  E. 

The  Feadan  Dubh,  or  Black  Chanter  of  Kintail,  which,  for  several 
generations,  was  one  of  the  heirlooms  of  the  Mackenzies  of  Kintail, 
is  now  in  the  possession  of  Lieutenant  Colin  William  MacRae '  of 
the  Black  Watch.  A  full  description  of  the  chanter  and  the 
drones  accompanying  it  appeared  in  the  Inverness  Courier  of  the 
29th  Ma j',  1894,  from  which  the  following  account  is  mainly  taken. 

The  chanter  is  considered  to  be  much  older  than  the  drones, 
and  the  note  holes  are  very  much  worn.  It  was  badly  broken  at 
some  time  or  another,  and  is  now  held  together  by  no  less  than 
seven  silver  rings.  The  two  top  rings  have  engraved  on  them  the 
words,  "A  smeorach  aigharach"  (the  merry  thrush).  The  other 
rings  have  "ScurOrain,"  the  slogan  of  the  Macraes;  "Caisteal 
Donain,"  "  Cinntaille,"  "  Loch-Duich,"  and  on  the  bottom  ring 
"  Tulloch  Aird,"  the  slogan  of  the  Mackenzies.  On  the  chanter 
stock  is  fixed  a  stag's  head  and  horns  in  silver,  the  Mackenzie 
crest,  surmounted  by  a  baron's  coronet,  and  underneath  it  the 
inscription,  "Lord  Seaforth,  Baron  Mackenzie,  High  Chief  of 
Kintail,  1797,"  and  below  this  inscription  the  words,  "Tulloch 

The  stock  of  the  blowpipe  has  the  following  inscription:— 
"  This  silver-mounted  black  ebony  set  of  bagpipes,  with  the  Feadan 
Dubh  Chintaille,  was  the  property  of  Lord  Seaforth,  Baron  Mac- 
kenzie, High  Chief  of  Kintail,  1797,"  and  on  the  blowpipe  itself 
is  the  figure  of  a  Highlander,  in  silver,  in  full  costume,  with  drawn 
claymore,  surmounted  by  the  motto,  "OThir  nam  Beam)  '  (from 
the  land  of  the  mountains). 

1  Page  150. 


The  stock  of  the  big  drone  has  the  following  inscription  : — 
"From  Lord  Seaforth,  Baron  Mackenzie,  High  Chief  of  Kintail, 
to  Lieutenant-Colonel  Sir  John  Macra,  K.C.H.,  of  Ardmtoul,  Kin- 
tail,  late  79th  Cameron  Highlanders."  The  big  drone  has  three 
shields,  and  the  top  shield  has  the  following  inscription  : — "  All 
Highland  bagpipes,  till  after  the  Battle  of  Waterloo,  had  but  two 
or  three  short  or  treble  drones."  The  second  shield  has,  "Lieut- 
Colonel  Sir  John  Macra,  K.C.H.,  late  79th  Cameron  Highlanders, 
was  the  first  to  introduce  (and  it  was  on  this  set  of  pipes)  the  use 
of  a  big  or  bass  drone ; "  and  the  third  shield  has,  "  The  big  or 
bass  drone  was  pronounced  a  great  improvement  in  the  harmony 
and  volume  of  sound." 

The  stock  of  the  second  drone  has  the  following  : — "  From 
Lieut.-Colonel  Sir  John  Masra,  K.C.H.,  to  his  nephew,  Captain 
Archibald  Macra  Chisholm,  late  42nd  Royal  Highlanders,  the 
Black  Watch."  The  shield  on  the  second  drone  has,  "  The  intro- 
duction of  the  big  or  bass  drone  was  approved,  and  the  example 
was  soon  followed  in  the  making  of  military  bagpipes." 

The  stock  of  the  third  drone  has  the  following  inscription  : — 
"From  Captain  A.  M.  Chisholm,  late  42nd  Royal  Highlanders,  Black 
Watch,  FreicadanDubh  to(j»rx<'>ttj>uws$or).  The  shield  on  the  third 
drone  has  "Lieut. -Col.  Sir  John  Macra  was  an  excellent  performer 
on  the  bagpipes.  He  made  pipes  and  chanters;  and  when  military 
secretary  to  his  relative,  the  Marquis  of  Hastings,  Viceroy  of 
India,  he  taught  the  natives  of  India  to  play  on  the  Highland 

Captain  Archibald  Macra  Chisholm  was  put  in  possession  of 
the  Kintail  bagpipes  soon  after  the  death  of  his  uncle,  Sir  John 
Macra,  in  1847.  When  the  late  Keith  Stewart-Mackenzie,  of  Sea- 
forth and  Brahau  Castle,  became  aware  of  this,  in  1849,  he  wrote 
to  Captain  Chisholm  expressing  his  most  anxious  desire  to  possess 
this  old  Mackenzie  heirloom.  He  made  a  handsome  offer  for 
them,  but  Captain  Chisholm  declined  it.  Captain  Chisholm  was 
himself  an  excellent  performer  on  the  bagpipes,  and  for  over  thirty 
years  acted  as  judge  of  pipe  music  at  the  Northern  Meetings  in 
Inverness.  Some  time  before  his  death,  which  occurred  on  the 
19th  October,  1897,  while  this  book  was  in  the  press,  he  presented 
the  Kintail  bagpipes  to  his  cousin,  Lieutenant  Colin  William 
MacRae,  as  already  mentioned. 



The  following  poems  arc  given  as  specimens  of  the  language  and 
poetry  of  the  Macraes,  and  as  illustrations  of  their  social,  political, 
and  religious  views  in  olden  tinier  : — 

This  song,  composed  by  Fearaohar  Mac  Ian  Gig,  during  his 
exile  (page  188),  was  given  to  the  author  in  1890  by  Alexander 
Macmillan,  Dornie.  It  is  given  also  in  The  Transactions  of  the 
Gaelic  Society  of  Inverness,  Leaves  from  My  Celtic  Portfolio,  by 
Mr  A.  W.  Mackenzie. 

Cha  ne  direadh  na  bruthaich 
Dh'fhag  mo  shiubhal  gun  treoir. 

Na  teas  ri  la  greine 

'Nuair  a  dh'  eifeadh  i  oirnn. 

Laidh  a'  sneachd  so  air  m'  fheusaig 
'Us  cha  leir  dhomh  mo  bhrog. 
'S  gann  is  leir  dhomh  ni  's  fhaisge, 
Ceann  a  bhata  nam  dhorn. 

Se  mo  thigh  mor  ua  creagan, 
Se  mo  dhaingean  gach  frog. 
Se  mo  thubhailte  m'  osan, 
Se  me  chopan  mo  bhrog. 

Ge  do  cheanaichiun  am  lmideal 
Cha  'n  fhaigh  mi  cuideachd  'ni  <>\. 
'S  ged  a  cheanaichiun  a'  seipein 
Cha  'n  fhaigh  mi  crcideas  a'  stoip. 
Ged  a  dh'  fhadinn  an  teine, 
Chi  fear  foille  dhcth  ceo. 
'S  i  do  nighean-sa  Dhonnachaidh 
Chuir  an  iomagain  so  oirnn, 


Te  'g  am  beil  an  cul  dualach 
0  guallaiun  gu  brog. 

Te  'g  am  beil  an  cnl  bachlach 
'S  a  dhreach  mar  an  t'or. 

Dheoin  Dia  cha  bhi  gillean 

Riut  a'  mire  's  mi  beo. 

Ged  nach  deaninn  dhut  fidhe 

Bhiodh  iasg  a's  sitheinn  ma  d'bhord. 

'S  truagh  nach  robh  mi  's  tu  'ghaolach 

Anns  an  aonach  'm  bi  'n  ceo. 

Ann  am  bothan  beag  barraich 

'S  gun  bhi  mar  rium  ach  d'  fheoil. 

Agus  paisdean  beag  leinibh 

A  cheileadh  ar  gloir. 

'S  mi  a  shnamhadh  an  caolas 

Air  son  faoilteachd  do  bheoil. 

Nuair  a  thigeadh  am  foghar 

Be  mo  rogliainn  bhi  falbh, 

Leis  a'  ghunna  nach  diultadh 

'S  leis  an  fhudar  dhu-ghorm. 

Nuair  a  gheibhinu  cead  frithe 

Bho  'n  righ  's  blio  'n  iarl  og, 

Gum  biodh  fuil  an  daimh  chabraich 

Ruith  le  altaibh  mo  dhorn, 

Agus  fuil  a  bhuic  bhiorich 

Sior  shileadh  feadh  feoir. 

Ach  's  i  do  nighean-sa  Dhonnachaidh 

'Chuir  an  iomagain  so  oirnn. 

It  is  not  the  climbing  of  the  hills  that  has  made  my  walk 
listless.  Nor  the  heat  of  a  sunny  day  when  it  rose  upon  us. 
The  snow  lias  settled  on  my  beard,  and  I  cannot  see  my  shoe. 
Hardly  can  I  see,  nearer  still,  the  head  of  the  staff  in  my  hand. 
The  rocks  are  my  big  house,  and  the  holes  are  my  stronghold. 
My  hose  is  my  towel,  my  shoe  is  my  drinking  cup.  If  I  were  to 
buy  a  bottle,  I  could  get  no  company  to  drink  it.  If  I  were 
to  buy  a  chopin,  I  should  not  get  credit  for  a  stoup.  If  I  were  to 
light  a  fire,  some  treacherous  man  would  see  the  smoke.  It  was 
your  daughter,  Duncan,  that  brought  this  anxiety  upon  us.     She 


who  has  beautiful  hair  from  her  shoulders  down  to  her  shoe.  She 
who  has  curling  hair  of  the  hue  of  gold.  God  forbid  that  young 
men  should  make  love  to  you  while  I  live.  Though  I  cannot 
weave  for  you,  yet  there  would  be  fish  and  venison  on  your  table. 
Would  that  you  were  with  me,  my  love,  on  the  hill  of  the  mist. 
In  a  small  brushwood  hut  with  no  one  with  me  but  you.  And  a 
little  child  that  would  not  betray  our  talk.  I  would  (gladly) 
swim  the  ferry  for  a  welcome  from  your  mouth.  When  the 
autumn  would  come,  my  desire  would  be  to  wander  with  a  gun 
that  would  not  miss  fire,  and  with  dark  blue  gunpowder.  When  I 
should  receive  permission  for  the  forest  from  the  King  and  the 
young  Earl,  the  blood  of  the  antlered  stag  would  flow  by  the  skill 
of  my  hand,  and  the  blood  of  the  roe-buck  would  flow  continually 
into  the  grass.  But  your  daughter,  Duncan,  has  brought  this 
anxiety  upon  us. 


The  following  lament  on  Ian  Breac  Mac  Mhaighster  Fearachar 
(page  170)  was  taken  down  by  Mr  Alexander  Macrae,  farmer, 
Ardelve  (page  166),  from  the  recitation  of  Mr  Duncan  Macrae, 
Ardelve  (page  183),  and  communicated  to  the  author  in  1896. 
The  author  of  this  poem  is  unknown  : — 

Gil  'm  beil  m'  inntinn  se  trom, 

'Us  cha  sheinnear  leum  foun 

Thionndaidh  disne  rium  lorn 

'S  na  clairibh. 

Gu  'm  beil  m'  aigneadh  fo  ghruaim, 
'S  cian  gur  fada  o'n  uair 
M'au  aitreabh  's  an  d'fhuair 
Mi  m'  arach. 

An  deigh  cinneadh  mo  ruin 
Air  an  d'  imich  an  cliu, 
'S  trie  mi  'n  ionad  fir  dhiubh 
O'n  dh'  fhas  mi. 

Cha  b'e  bhi  'n  dubhar  gun  ghrein 
Fath  mo  mhulad  gu  leir, 
Thuit  mi  cumha  luchd  speis 
Mo  mhanrain. 


'S  ann  sa  chlachan  od  shios 
Dh'  fhag  shin  ceannas  nan  cliar 
'S  am  fear  buile  na  'n  iarrta 
'N  airidh. 

Duin'  nasal  mo  ghaoil 
Chaidh  a  bhualladh  le  aog 
'S  aim  'n  ad  ghnuis  a  bha  aoidh 
A  chairdeas. 

'S  n'  am  b'  fhear  ealaidh  mi  fein 
Mar  mo  bharail  gu  geur 
'S  ami  ort  a  b'  fhurasd  dhomh  ceatachd 

Gu  n  robh  geurcliuis  ni's  leor 
Ann  an  eudan  an  t'  sheoid 
'S  bu  cheann  reite  do  ghloir 
An  Gailig. 

'S  mor  an  gliocas  's  an  ciall 
Chaidh  sa  chiste  leat  sios, 
Thug  sud  itean  a  sgiath 
An  alaich. 

Bhun  an  geamhradh  rinn  teanu 
Cha  robh  aoibhneas  dhuinn  ann 
'S  neo  shubhach  an  gleann 
Bhon  la  sin. 

'S  lorn  an  snaidheadh  bhon  tuath 
Bhi  cuir  Ian  sail  uaigh 
'S  bochd  a  naigheachd  do  thuath 

Tha  do  chinneadh  fo  ghruaim 
Dol  air  linue  leat  suas, 
Air  an  tilleadh  bu  chruidh  leo 
D'  fhagail. 

Tha  do  dheirbhleinean  broin 
Mar  ghair  sheillein  an  torr 
'N  deigh  na  mel,  na  mar  eoin 
Gun  mhathair. 

Nise  's  turseach  an  eigh 
Gun  am  furtachd  ac  fhein 
'S  mor  a  thuiteas  dhuibh  'n  deigh 
Do  laithean, 


'S  mor  an  aireamh,  's  a  chall 
Cha  do  thearuinn  mi  aim 
'S  cia  max  thearnaa  mi  'n  am 

A  phaidliidh. 

Ghillean  glacibh  sc  ciall 
Tha  n  ur  cuid  air  an  t  slieibh 
'S  iommadh  fear  bhios  ag  iarridh 
Fatb  air. 

Tha  na  taice  's  na  treoir 

Ann  an  caol  chistc  bhord 

Anns  a  chlachan  an  Cro 


Tha  do  cheile  fo  sprochd 
'S  i  neo  eibhin  gun  toirt, 
Rinn  creuchdan  a  lot 
Gun  tearneadh. 

B'  fhiach  a  h'  uidhcam  sa  pris 
Fhad  's  a  luighigeadh  dh'  i 
Gus  na  ghuidheadh  le  Righ 
N  an  gras  thu. 

A  Mhic  Mhoire  nan  gras 
A  dhoirt  d'fhuil  air  nar  sgath 
Gu  'm  a  duineil  'n  a  aitc 

Heavy  minded  am  I,  nor  can  I  raise  the  song  (of  gladness),  the 
die  has  fallen  for  me  inauspiciously  as  to  its  sides.  My  mind  is  in 
sadness,  and  for  a  long  time,  on  account  of  the  home  in  which  1 
was  reared.  On  account  of  my  beloved  clan,  whose  fame  has 
travelled  far,  often  have  I  been  in  the  place  of  some  of  them 
since  I  grew  up.  Being  in  a  sunless  shade  is  Dot  the  sole  cause  of 
my  sadness,  I  have  fallen  into  mourning  for  those  who  arc  the 
esteemed  ones  of  my  mirth.  It  was  down  in  that  graveyard  that 
we  left  the  chief  of  the  heroes,  and  the  head  of  the  township  if 
they  were  being  counted.  My  beloved  nobleman,  who  lias  been 
struck  by  death,  in  thy  face  was  the  expression  of  friendliness.  If 
I  were  a  man  of  talent,  keen  as  to  my  wit,  it  would  1"'  easy  For 
me  to  record  thy  praises.  There  was  intelligence  enough  in  the 
face  of  the  hero,  and  a  subject  of  agreement  would  be  thy  praises 
in  Gaelic.     Great  is  the  wisdom  and  the  understanding  that  went 


down  with  thee  in  thy  coffin,  this  has  plucked  feathers  from 
the  wing  of  thy  tribe.  The  winter  visited  us  severely,  there  was 
no  pleasure  for  us  in  it,  and  joyless  is  the  glen  since  that  day.  A 
keen  bereavement  for  the  people,  putting  John  in  the  grave ;  sad 
tidings  for  the  tenantry  of  Kintail.  Sad  were  thy  clansmen  as 
they  carried  thee  West  on  the  water,  hard  for  them  was  it  to 
have  left  thee  as  they  returned.  Thy  sad  orphans  are  like  the 
noise  of  bees  on  a  mound  for  their  honey,  or  like  fledglings  with- 
out a  mother.  Sad  now  is  their  cry  without  a  time  of  comfort 
for  them  ;  many  of  them  will  fall  after  thy  days.  Great  is  their 
number,  nor  did  I  escape  the  loss,  how  can  I  be  saved  in  the  day 
of  reckoning  (or  rent  paying).  Youug  men,  be  prudent,  your  pro- 
perty (cattle)  is  on  the  mountain  ;  many  a  man  will  try  to  take 
advantage  of  it.  Our  support  and  strength  is  in  a  narrow  wooden 
coffin  in  the  graveyard  in  Cro  of  Kintail.  Thy  wife  is  downcast, 
joyless,  listless,  wounded  with  sores  from  which  she  had  no  escape. 
Prosperous  were  her  surroundings  and  her  lot  as  long  as  thou  wast 
vouchsafed  to  her,  until  thou  wast  asked  for  by  the  King  of 
Grace.  Son  of  Mary  of  Grace,  who  shed  Thy  blood  for  our  sake, 
may  his  boys  be  worthy  of  his  place. 

The  following  Lament  for  Murdoch  Macrae  of  Inverinate,  who 
was  killed  in  Glenlic  (page  84),  is  still  well  known  in  Kintail.  It 
is  given  in  The  Transactions  of  the  Gaelic  Society  of  Inverness 
(Vol.  VIII. ),  Leaves  from  My  Celtic  Portfolio,  by  Mr  William 
Mackenzie. l     The  author  is  not  known  : — 

Si  sealg  geamhraidh  Ghl  inn-Lie 
A  dh'  fhag  greann  oirn  trie  'us  gruaim, 
'N  t-og  nach  robh  teann  's  a  bha  glic 
'S  an  teampull  fo'n  lie  's  an  uaigh. 

A  cheud  Aoine  de  'n  geamhradh  fhuar 
'S  daor  a  phaigh  sinn  buaidh  na  sealg, 
An  t-og  bo  chraobhaiche  snuagh 
Na  aonar  bhuaiun  'us  fhaotainn  marbh. 

1  On  page  3S3,  line  8,  for  Mr  A.  W,  Mackenzie  read  Mr  William  Mackenzie, 


Tional  na  sgirc  gu  loir 
Ri  siubhal  sleibh  's  ri  falbh  bheann 
Fad  sgios  nan  coig  latlia  deug 
'S  am  fear  dircach  treun  air  chall. 

Muracbadh  donn-gheal  mo  run 
Bu  mhin-suil  's  bu  leaiman  mnai 
A  gbnuis  amis  an  robh  am  ball-seire 
'S  a  bba  tearc  air  thapadh  laimh. 

Cbuala  mise  clarsacli  tbeud, 
'S  fiodhall  do  rear  a  co-sbeiun — 
Cba  cbuala  'a  cba  chluinn  gu  bratb 
Ceol  na  b'  fbearr  na  do  bheul  binn, 

Bu  tu  marbbaich'  bhalla-bhric-bhain, 
Le  morbh  fbada  dbireacb  gbeur, 
Le  cuilbheir  bbristeadb  tu  cnaimh 
'S  bu  sbil teach  fo  d'  laimh  na  feidh. 

Bhean  uasal  a  thug  dhut  gaol 
Nach  bi  cbaoidh  na  h-uaigneas  slan, 
'S  truagh  le  me  chluasan  a  gaoir 
Luaithead  's  tha  'n  suaim  sgaoilt  le  do'  bhas. 

Gur  tuirsach  do  chaomh  bhean  og 
'S  i  sileadh  nan  deoir  le  gruaidh 
'S  a  spionadh  a  fuilt  le  dorn 
Sior  chumha  nach  beo  do  shnuagh. 

'S  tursach  do  chinneadh  mor  deas 
Ga  d'  shireadh  an  ear  's  an  iar 
'S  an  t-og  a  b'  fhiughantaich  beachd 
Ri  slios  glinne  marbh  's  an  t-sliabh. 

Tha  Crathaicb  nam  buailtean  bo 
Air  'n  sgaradh  ro-mhor  rnu  d'eug, 
Do  thoir  bho  bheatha  cho  og 
A  ghaisgich  ghlan  choir  nam  beus. 

'S  tuirseach  do  sheachd  braithrean  graidh 
Am  2Mi'son  ge  bard  a  leugh 
Thug  e,  ge  tuigseach  a  cheard, 
Aona  bharr-tuirs  air  each  gu  leir. 

Bho  thus  dhiubb  Donnachadh  nam  Piog, 
Gillecriosd  's  an  dithis  de'n  chleir, 
Fearachar  agus  Ailean  Donn, 
Uisdean  a  bha  trom  'n  ad    " 


'S  math  am  fear  rannsaichidh  'n  t-aog, 
'S  e  maor  e  thaghas  air  leth, 
Bheir  e  leis  an  t-og  gun  ghiamh 
'S  fagaidh  e  'm  fear  Hath  ro  shean. 

The  winter  hunt  in  Glenlic  has  made  us  often  shudder  in  our 
sadness  about  the  youth  who  was  not  parsimonious,  yet  was  pru- 
dent, now  lying  in  a  grave  under  a  stone  in  the  temple.  The  first 
Friday  of  the  cold  winter  dearly  did  we  pay  for  the  success  of  our 
hunt — the  young  man  of  most  comely  appearance  alone  missing, 
and  to  be  found  dead.  All  the  people  of  the  parish  searching  on 
moor  and  mountain  during  the  weariness  of  fifteen  days,  for  the 
athletic  brave  man  who  was  missing.  The  fair  complexioned 
Murdoch  of  my  choice,  of  gentle  eye,  the  beloved  of  woman,  of  a 
countenance  with  the  expression  of  kindness,  and  rare  for  prowess 
of  arm.  I  have  heard  the  stringed  harp  and  the  violin  in  harmony 
playing  with  it,  I  have  neither  heard,  nor  shall  ever  hear  sweeter 
music  than  (the  converse  of)  thy  melodious  mouth.  Thou  couldst 
kill  speckled  white  trout,  with  long  straight  and  sharp  spear; 
thou  couldst  break  bones  with  the  gun,  and  the  deer  bled  freely 
at  your  hand.  The  gentle  woman  who  gave  thee  her  love,  and 
who  can  never  be  well  in  her  solitude — it  pains  my  ears  to  hear 
her  lamenting  how  soon  the  marriage  knot  has  been  undone  by 
thy  death.  Sad  is  thy  gentle  young  wife,  with  tears  flowing 
down  her  cheek,  plucking  her  hair  with  her  hand  in  bitter 
grief  that  there  is  no  longer  any  life  in  thy  countenance. 
Sad  was  thy  great  and  accomplished  clan,  searching  for  thee 
east  and  west,  while  the  youth  of  most  sympathetic  judgment 
was  (dead)  on  the  moor  on  the  side  of  the  glen.  The  Macraes 
of  the  cattle  folds  are  grievously  afflicted  by  thy  death — 
taken  out  of  life  so  young,  thou  generous  hero  of  becoming  con- 
duct. Sad  are  thy  seven  beloved  brothers — the  parson,  though 
profound  is  his  learning,  though  his  office  is  one  of  giving  comfort, 
yet  he  surpassed  the  others  in  his  grief.  First  among  them  is 
Duncan  of  the  silver  cups,  then  Christopher  and  the  two  clergy- 
men, Farquhar,  Allan  of  the  auburn  hair,  and  Hugh,  who  was  sad 
after  thee.  Death  is  an  excellent  searcher,  a  messenger  who 
chooses  in  a  special  way,  he  removes  the  unblemished  young 
man,  and  leaves  the  grey-haired  and  very  old  man. 



The  author  of  the  following  poem  was  Donnachadh  nam  Pios 
(page  87),  writer  of  the  Fernaig  MS.  It  has  been  transliterated 
from  the  Fernaig  MS.  into  modern  spelling  by  Professor  Mac- 

Aon  a  rimeadh  leis  an  Sgriobhair  air  lath  a'  bhreitheanais. 

Smaoineamar  an  la  fa  dheoidh 
Is  coir  dhuin  a  dhol  cug, 
Smaoineamar  peacaidh  na  h'oig, 
Smaoineamar  fos  na  thig  'n  a  dheigh. 

Smaoineamar  na  thig  'n  a  dheigh. 
Gur  e  la  na  mor  bhreith  ; 
Gach  ni  rinneadh  leinu  's  an  fheoil 
Cha'n  fhaodar  na's  mo  a  chleith. 

Cha'n  fhaodar  na's  mo  a  chleith, 
Maith  no  sath  a  rinneadh  leinn  ; 
'N  uair  chi  sinn  Breitheamh  nan  slogh 
Teachd  oimn  s  na  neoil,  tromp  'g  a  seirm. 

'N  uair  sheirmear  an  trompaid  mhor, 
Cruinnicheadar  na  sloigh  ma  seach  ; 
Gach  neach  a  tharlas  duibh  beo 
Caochlaidh  iad  an  doigh  's  am  beachd. 

Caochlaidh  muir  agus  tir, 
Caochlaidh  gach  ni  as  nuadh, 
Liobhraidh  an  talamh  suas, 
Gach  neach  a  chaidh  aims  an  uir. 

Gach  neach  a  chaidh  aims  an  uir 
Eiridh  iadsan  'n  an  nuadh  chorp, 
Is  gabhaidh  gach  anam  seilbh 
'S  a  choluiim  cheilg  an  robh  chlosd. 

Nior  chlosd  an  sin  do  na  chuan, 
Gluaiseadar  e  fa  leth  ; 
Na  bhathadh  bho  thoiseach  tim 
Liobraidh  se  air  chionn  na  breith. 
Breith  bheir  buaidh  air  gach  breith  ; 
Cha  Bhreitheamh  leth-bhreitheach  an  Righ 
Shuidheas  air  cathair  na  breith 
'S  a  bheir  ceart  bhreith  air  gack  ti. 

l  Transactions  of  the  Gaelic  Society  of  Inverness,  Vol.  XI. 


Gach  ti  a  bha  cur  ri  olc 
Tearbar  a  nochd  air  an  lamb,  cbli  ; 
Cairear  air  a  laimh  dheis, 
Gach  ti  bbios  deas  air  a  chinn. 

Gach  ti  bhios  deas  air  a  chinn 
Labhraidh  'm  Breitheamh  riu  gu  ce?rt ; 
Bho  'n  is  buidheann  bheannaicht'  sibh, 
Maitheam-sa  dhuibhs'  'n  'ur  peac'. 

Maitheam-sa  dhuibhs'  'n  'ur  peac'  ; 
Gabhaidh-s'  seilbh  cheart  's  an  rio'chd 
Chornharraich  m'  Athair  bho  thos, 
Dhuibhse  ann  an  gloir  gun  chrich. 

Oir  air  bhi  dhomhsa  fo  thart, 
Fo  fhuachd,  fo  acras,  chum  bais, 
'M  priosan  gun  treoir  gun  neart, 
Dh'  fhuasgail  sibh  ceart  air  mo  chas. 

Air  bhi  dhomh  a'm  choigreach  cein 
'S  a'm  thraveller  anns  gach  bail', 
Fhreasdail  sibh  dhombsa  'n  am  fheum  ; 
Cha  robh  ar  deagh-bheus  dhomh  gann. 

Ach  freagraidh  iadsan  am  Breitheamh, 
Cuin  chunnaiceamar  sibh  fo  thart, 
Fo  fhuachd,  fo  acras,  chum  bais, 
'S  a  dh'  fhuasgail  sinn  do  chas  ceart  ? 

Bheirim-sa  dearbhadh  dhuibh, — 
Dh'  fhuasgail  's  gur  ann  duibh  nach  olc, 
Mheud  's  gu'n  d'  rinneadh  leibhse  dhiol, 
Ri  piantaibh  mo  bhraithre  bochd-s'. 

Sin  labhraidh  'm  breitheamh  os  n'  aird 
Riu  fhuair  ait'  air  a  laimh  chli, 
Imichibh  uamsa  gu  brath, 
Dh'  iomisuidh  cais  is  craidh  gun  chrich. 

Far  am  bi  'n  t-Abharsair  am  pein, 
Aingle  's  a  chleir  air  fad, 
Mheud  's  nach  d'  rinneadh  leibhse  dhiol 
Ri  piantaibh  mo  bhraithre  lag-s'. 

Imichidh  iad  so  gu  truagh 

Dh'  Ifrinn  fhuair  am  bi  fuachd  is  teas, 

Dhoibh-san  ge  duilich  an  cas, 

Nior  faigh  iad  bas  ann  am  feasd. 


Ach  imichidh  buidhcann  a  ghraidh 
A  fhuair  ait  air  an  lamh  dheis 
Do  fhlaitheanas  nam  flath  feile  ; 
0  !  eibhinn  doibh-san  an  treis. 

0  !  eibhinn  doibh-san  an  treis, 
Eibhinn  doibh-san  gach  ni  chi, 
Eibhinn  bhi  'n  cathair  nan  gras, 
Eibhinn  bhi  lathair  a  Bhreithimh. 

Eibhinn  bhi  lathair  a  Bhreithimh, 
Eibhinn  a  shiochai'  's  a  bhuaidh  ; 
Cha'n  fhaodar  a  chur  an  ceill 
Mend  eibhneis  an  aite  bhuain. 

Eibhneas  e  nach  faca  suil, 
Eibhneas  e  nach  cnala  cluas, 
Eibhneas  e  nach  teid  air  chul, 
Dhoibh-san  d'an  toirear  mar  dhuais. 

Duais  is  mo  na  gach  duais, 
Ta  shnas  air  neamh  aig  mo  Righ  ; 
Eibhinn  do  gach  neach  a  ghluais, 
Air  chor's  gu'm  buaidhaichear  i. 

Air  chor's  gu'm  buadhaichear  i 
Smaoneamar  air  crich  an  sgeoil, 
Smaoneamar  ar  peacaidh  bath, 
Smaoneamar  an  la  fa  dheoidh. 

One  by  the  writer  on  the  Day  of  Judgment. 

Let  us  meditate  on  the  last  day  when  it  must  fall  to  our  lot  to 
die,  let  us  meditate  on  the  sins  of  youth,  let  us  meditate  still 
further  on  what  must  come  hereafter.  Let  us  meditate  on  what 
must  come  hereafter,  that  is  on  the  great  Day  of  Judgment,  when 
nothing  done  by  us  in  the  flesh  can  any  longer  be  concealed.  No 
longer  can  be  concealed  the  good  or  the  evil  done  by  us,  when 
we  see  the  judge  of  all  people  coming  to  us  in  the  clouds,  with 
the  sound  of  the  trumpet.  When  the  great  trumpet  is  sounded, 
all  people  shall  assemble  from  every  quarter  ;  those  who  happen 
to  be  still  alive  shall  change  in  manner  and  in  mind.  Sea  and 
land  shall  change,  all  things  shall  be  changed  anew,  the  earth 
shall  yield  up  all  who  are  buried  in  the  dust.  All  who  are  buried 
in  the  dust  shall  rise  in  their  new  bodies,  and  each  soul  shall 
take   possession   of  the  false  body  in  which  it   formerly  rested. 


No  rest  then  for  the  ocean,  it  shall  be  agitated  on  its  own  account; 
all  who  were  drowned  from  the  beginning  of  time  it  shall  yield 
up  for  the  judgment.  A  judgment  that  will  surpass  every 
judgment;  no  partial  judge  is  the  King  who  shall  sit  on  the 
judgment  seat,  and  give  righteous  judgment  to  all.  Those  who 
gave  themselves  up  to  evil  will,  on  that  day,  be  banished  on  the 
left  hand;  on  the  right  hand  will  be  placed  those  who  are  prepared 
for  His  coming.  To  those  who  are  prepared  for  His  coming 
the  Judge  will  openly  say  :  "  Because  you  are  a  blessed  company 
I  will  pardon  your  sins.  I  will  pardon  your  sins ;  take  you 
rightful  possession  of  the  kingdom  set  apart  from  the  beginning 
by  my  Father  for  you  in  glory  everlasting.  For  when  I  was 
thirsty  and  cold  and  hungry  unto  death  in  prison,  without  energy 
or  strength,  you  brought  true  relief  to  my  trouble.  Being  a 
stranger  far  away,  and  a  sojourner  in  many  places,  you  waited 
on  me  in  my  necessity  ;  your  deeds  of  kindness  towards  me  were 
not  few."  But  they  will  answer  the  judge,  "  When  did  we  see 
thee  thirsty,  cold,  and  hungry  unto  death,  and  brought  true 
relief  to  your  trouble  ?"  "  I  will  give  you  a  proof — you  brought 
relief,  nor  will  it  be  to  your  hurt,  inasmuch  as  you  showed  com- 
passion for  the  suffering  of  my  poor  brethren."  Then  will  the 
judge  openly  speak  to  those  placed  on  the  left  hand — "Depart 
from  me,  for  ever,  to  everlasting  trouble  and  torment !  Where 
the  Adversary  will  continue  in  torment,  together  with  his  angels 
and  ministers  for  ever,  inasmuch  as  you  showed  no  compassion  for 
the  sufferings  of  my  feeble  brethren."  Miserably  will  they  depart  to 
dismal  Hell,  where  there  will  be  cold  and  heat ;  however  agonis- 
ing for  them  may  be  their  trouble,  they  can  never  die  there.  But 
the  company  of  beloved  ones,  placed  on  the  right,  will  depart 
to  the  paradise  of  the  hospitable  princes  ;  Oh !  joyful  will  it  be 
for  them  the  while.  Oh  !  joyful  will  it  be  for  them  the  while, 
joyful  for  them  all  that  they  behold,  joyful  to  be  in  the  city  of 
grace,  joyful  to  be  in  the  presence  of  the  judge.  Joyful  to  be  in 
the  presence  of  the  judge,  joyful  his  peace  and  his  glory ;  it  is 
not  possible  to  declare  the  greatness  of  the  joy  of  the  everlasting 
place.  Joy  which  eye  never  beheld,  joy  which  ear  never  heard, 
joy  that,  will  not  cease  for  those  to  whom  it  will  be  given  as  a 
reward.  Greater  than  all  rewards  is  the  reward  up  in  Heaven 
with  my  King ;  joyful  for  everyone  who  has  so  conducted  him- 


self  as  to  attain  to  it.  That  it  may  be  deserved,  let  us  think  of 
the  end  of  the  tale,  let  us  think  of  our  deadly  sin,  let  us  think 
of  the  last  day. 

The  following  poem,  also  by  Donnachadh  nam  Pios,  has  been 
transliterated   from    the    Fernaig   MS.   into    modern   spelling    by 
George  Henderson,  Ph.D.1  : — 

Gne  orain  do  rinneadh  leis  a  sgriobhair,  anno  1G88. 

Ta  saoghal-sa  carail, 

Tha  e  daondan  da  'r  mealladh  gu  geur  ; 

Liuthad  caochladh  th'  air  talamh 

Is  daoin'  air  an  dalladh  le  bhreig  ; 

Chreic  pairt  duibh-s'  an  anam 

'S  do  ehaochlaidh  iad  barail  chionn  seud, 

Fhir  chaidh  aim  sa  chrannaig, 

Dhoirt  t'  fhuil  da  ar  ceannach, 

0  !  aoin  Itigh  Mhoire  beannuich  nar  creud. 

0  !  Athair  nan  gras 

Na  failing  sinne  'nar  cruas, 

Ach  amhraic  oirnn  trath 

Le  tlaths  o  d'  fhlathas  a  nuas. 

Mar  thug  thu  le  d'  mhioraild 

Claim  Israel  gun  dhiobhair  sa  chuan, 

Dionn  t'  eaglais  da  rireadh, 

Ga  ghuidh  le  luchd  a  mi  ruin, 

Bho  'sgriob-s'  ta  teachd  mu'  cuairt. 

'S  coir  dhi-s'  a  bhi  umhailt 

Gad  tha  i  fo  dhubh  aim  san  am ; 

Gur  h-iad  ar  peacaiman  dubhar 

Tharruing  oirnn  pudhar  is  call ; 

Ach  deanmar  tras^  agus  cumha 

liis  an  fhear  dh'  fhag  an  t-iubhair  sa  chrann, 

Chou  s'  gu  'n  ceannsuich  e'  bhuidheann 

Chleachd  an  eu-coir  as  duibhe, 

Mar  tha  breugan  is  luighean  is  feall. 

Dhe  churanta  laidir 

Dh'  alaich  muir  agus  tir, 

Tha  thu  faicsiim  an  drasda 

Mar  dh'  fhailing  am  prabar-s'  an  Righ  ; 

l  See  Leabhar  uau  Gleaun,  p.  271. 


Ach  reir  'a  mar  thachair  do  Dhaidh, 

Nuair  ghabh  Absolon  fath  air  go  dhith, 

Beir  dhachaigh  'na  dhail  leat, 

Dh'  aindeoin  am  pairtidb, 

Nar  Righ  chon  aite  le  sith. 

Fear  eil'  's  math  is  eol  domh 

Tha  'n  ceart  uair  air  fogaireadh  'na  phairt, 

Shliochd  nan  cuireannan  seolta 

Da  thogradh  's  nach  obadh  an  spairn  ; 

Ga  tamull  leinn  bhuainn  thu 

Cha  toireamar  fuath  dhut  gu  brach  ; 

Sann  da  'r  seors  bu  dual  sin, 

Eatar  mhith  agus  uaislean, 

Bhi  air  do  dheas-laimh  an  cruadal  's  an  cas. 

Truagb  nach  fhaicinn  thu  teachd 

Mar  b'  ait  le  mo  chridh  san  am, 

Far  ri  Seunias  le  buidheann 

Nach  geill  a  dh'  iubhair  nan  Gall, 

Tha  'n  drasda  ro  bhuidheach 

Mheud  s  gu  'n  shuidhich  iad  feall, 

Le  'n  seoladh  's  le'n  uidheam 

Anns  na  modaibh  as  duibhe, 

Chuir  fa  dheoidh  sibh  air  suibhail  do'n  Fhraing. 

Ach  thamar  an  duigh 

Gu'n  caochail  an  cursa  seo  fothast, 

Gu'm  faic  mi  le  m'  shuilibh 

Bhi  sgiursadh  gach  tnu  bha  's  na  moid, 

'S  gach  Baron  beag  cubach 

'Mhealladh  le  caraibh  's  le  luban  Prionns  Or ; 

Gheibh  Mac  Cailein  air  thus  duibh, 

Dh'  aindeoin  a  chuirte, 

'Galair  bu  duthchasach  dho. 

B'e  dhuthchas  bho  sheanair 

Bhi  daondan  r'a  melladh  gach  ti, 

Cha  b'fhearr  e  'thaobh  athair 

Ga  b'  mhor  a  mhathas  bho'  Righ  ; 

Ma  'se  seo  an  treas  gabhail 

Thug  eug  bhuaith  'bhathar  gu  pris, 

Le  maighdinn  sgoraidheach  sgathail 

Cha  d'  cheannsuicheadh  aisith ; 

Ged  thuit  thu  cha'n  athais  duit  i. 

Iomah  Tighearn  is  post 

Nach  eol  domh-s'  a  nis  'chur  an  dan 

Tha'n  drasda  gu  moiteil 

Le  phrabar  gu  bosdail  a'  d'  phairt ; 


'S  ami  diubh  sin  Cullodar, 

Granntaich  is  Rosaieh  a  chail, 

Nuair  thionndas  an  rotha 

Chon  annsachd  bho  thoiseach 

Gur  teannta  dhaibh  'chroich  'miosg  chaich. 

Ach  fhearaibh  na  h'  Alba 

Ga  dealbliach  libh  'drasda  'n  ur  cuirt, 

Gad  leught'  sibh  bho'r  leanabachd 

'S  bho  la  'gheil  sibh  a  dh'  Fhergus  air  thus, 

Thuit  gach  fine  le  toirmeasg 

Do  threig  's  nach  robh  earbsach  do'n  chrun, 

Ach  seo  t'eallach  a  dhearbhas 

Gur  h-airidh  an  seanchas, 

Gun  eirich  mi-shealbhar  da'n  cliu. 

Cha  chan  mi  na's  leir  dhonibh 

Ri  'ur  maithibh,  ri'r  cleir,  ri'r  por, 

D'eis  ur  miounan  a  Shearlas 

Gu  seiseamh  sibh-p  fhein  'n  aghaidh  deoin, 

'S  an  t-oighre  dligheach  na  dh'eis 

Thuit  nis  go  Righ  Seumas  r'a  bheo, 

Ach  dh'aindeoiu  ur  leirs' 

Ga  mor  'ur  cuid  leugh', 

Ar  liom-s  gu'n  'reub  sibh  a  choir. 

air  coir  dhirich 

Le  masladh  na  dhiobair  do  phairt, 

Bha  uair  a  staid  iosal 

S  tha  air  direadh  le  uchd  math  an  drasd  ; 

Seann  fhacla  's  gur  fior  e 

Bha  riamh  eadar  Chriostuidhean  graidh, 

Gur  miosa  na  ana-spiorad 

Duine  mi-thaiugeil 

Ghabh  na's  leoir  dhuibh-s  an  aim  air  na  chas. 

Cas  eile  nach  fas' 

Dheirich  mar  fhasan  sa  ruaig'  s', 

Chlaun  feiun  bhi  na'n  taic 

Do  gach  neach  tha  cur  as  da  mu  cuairt ; 

Do  threig  iad  's  cha  'n  ait  daibh 

'N  cuigeamh  faithn'  bha  'chasgadh  an  t-sluaigh; 

'N  aghaidh  nadur  a  bheart  seo 

Do  neach  'ghabh  baisteadh 

Ann  an  ainn  nan  tri  pearsan  ta  shuas. 

Ach  fhir  'dh'oibrich  gach  mioraild 

Bha  miosg  Chlainn  Israel  bho  thus, 

Nach  soilleir  an  giamh  seo 

Dh'aon  neach  ghabh  'Chriosdachd  mar  ghrund? 


Bho  laigh  geilt  agus  fiamh  nior 

Air  gach  Marcus,  gach  Iarl  's  gach  Diuc, 

Casg  fein  an  iorghalt-s 

Mas  toil  leat-s  a  Dhia  e, 

Mu  tuit  sinn  fo  fhiabhrus  do  ghnuis. 

Is  mor  dh'  eireas  dhut  a  Bhreatuinn 

'S  nach  d'fhaodadh  do  theagasg  na  am, 

Cha  leir  dhut  fath  t'eagla, 

Gu'n  tharruing  ana-creidimh  ort  call ; 

Bho'n  la  mhurtadh  libh  Searlas 

Tha  fhuil-san  ag  eigheachd  gu  teann, 

Gabh  aithri  a  t'  eucoir, 

Thoir  dhachaigh  Righ  Seumas, 

Neo  thig  sguirsa  bho  Dhe  ort  a  nail. 

Ghaidhealu  gasda 

Na  laighidh  fo  mhasladh  sa  chuis, 

Ach  faighear  sibh  tapaidh 

'S  Righ  Seumas  na  thiac  air  ur  cul ; 

Ge  ta  Uilleam  an  Sasunn 

Na  geillibh  a  feasda  do  chrun  ; 

Liom  is  cinnteach  mar  thachras 

Thaobh  innleachd  a  bheairtean, 

Gu  pilltear  e  dhachaigh  gun  chliu. 

Na  ma  h'ioghnadh  libh-p  fhein  seo 

'S  gun  ghlac  es'  an  eucoir  air  cheann, 

Bha  manifesto  ro  eitigh, 

Nach  faic  sibh  gur  breugach  a  chainnt ; 

'S  gach  gealladh  do  rinn  se 

Do  Shasunn  do  threig  se  gu  teann, 

Tha  iad  nis  'n  aghaidh  cheile, 

Nuair  thuig  siad  au  reusan, 

Ach  na  tha  Phresbiteriauich  ann. 

Na  ma  lughaid  'ur  misneachd 

Gn  robh  iad  seo  bristneach  na  curs, 

Fo  sgaile  religion 

B'e  'n  abhaist  s  an  gliocas  bho  thus ; 

Co  dhiubh  alach  a  nise 

Nach     .     .     .     .     le  mi-ruin, 

Ach  tha'n  aite  le  fios  dhuinn, 

Ged  dh'fhailing  righean  trie  iad, 

Aig  gach  armunn  bha  tiorcadh  a  chruin. 

Gu  ma  h'-amhluidh  seo  dh'  eireas 

'Mhaithibh  Alba  s  na  h'  Eire  san  am, 

Tha  'coitheamh  le  Seumas 

'S  nach  d'  amhraic  iad  fein  air  an  call ; 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE   CLAN    MACRAE.  399 

Ach  b'  fheall  am  bathais  's  an  eudan 

Fo  gach  neach  bha  ri  eiginn  'a  ri  feall, 

Ghabh  an  test  a  bha  eitigh, 

Eadar  mhaithibh  is  Chleire, 

Thoir  an  antnan  dha  'n  eucoireach  raheallt. 

Ach  tha  mi  dall  na  mo  bharail 

Mar  ceannsuich  Dia  'oharachd-sa  trath, 

'S  mar  mhealtar  leis  barail 

'Chleamhnais  fhuair  alloil  gun  bhlath  ; 

Is  mairg  a  thoisich  mar  ealaidh 

Athair-ceile  chur  ealamh  bho  bhair, 

Ach  seo  ordugh  nam  balach, 

Far  ri  dochus  nan  cailleach, 

San  t-saoghal  chruaidh  charail-s'  a  ta. 

Song  composed  by  the  writer  in  the  year  1688. 

This  world  is  deceitful,  it  constantly  deceives  us  bitterly,  many 
changes  there  are  on  earth  and  many  men  blinded  by  its  falsehood. 
Some  have  sold  their  souls  and  have  changed  opinion  for  the  sake 
of  gain.  Thou  who  suffered  on  the  Cross  and  spilt  Thy  blood  for 
our  redemption,  Oh  !  Thou  only  King  (son)  of  Mary,  bless  our  creed. 
Oh  !  Father  of  Grace,  do  not  fail  us  in  our  sore  distress,  but  look 
upon  us  soon  with  tenderness  from  Thy  Heaven  above.  As  Thou 
didst  miraculously  lead  the  children  of  Israel,  without  the  loss  of 
any,  through  the  sea,  so  do  Thou  in  very  deed  defend  Thy  Church 
(though  her  ill-wishers  pray  for  her  downfall)  from  the  evil  now 
fallen  upon  her.  It  is  her  duty  to  be  humble,  though  she  is  at 
this  moment  under  a  cloud.  Her  sins  are  the  cause  that  have 
brought  upon  us  harm  and  loss,  but  let  us  fast  and  mourn  to  Him 
who  went  to  the  Cross  without  faltering,  that  He  may  subdue 
them  who  have  been  practising  the  blackest  deeds,  falsehood, 
sacrilege,  and  treachery.  0  God,  mighty  and  strong,  who  peopled 
land  and  sea,  Thou  seest  how  at  this  juncture  the  rabble  has  dis- 
appointed the  King  ;  but  as  it  happened  in  the  case  of  David, 
when  Absalom  took  advantage  of  him  (to  try)  to  ruin  him,  do 
Thou,  in  Thy  appointed  time,  lead  the  King  home  in  peace  to  his 
own  place  in  spite  of  their  factions.  Another  man1  I  know  full 
well,  who  at  this  moment  is  in  exile  for  his  (King  James's)  cause — 

1  Perhaps  Kenneth,  fourth  Earl  of  Seaforth,  who  accompanied  James  II, 
to  France  after  the  Revolution  of  1688. 


of  the  race  of  the  capable  heroes,  who  would  accept  and  never  re- 
fuse the  strife.  Though  for  a  little  thou  art  away  from  us,  we 
shall  never  feel  indifferent  towards  thee.  It  is  in  the  blood  of  our 
race,  commons  and  nobles  alike,  to  stand  by  thy  right  hand  in  the 
time  of  difficulty  and  trouble.  Would  that  I  might  see  thee  com- 
ing as  my  heart  at  this  moment  would  desire,  along  with  King 
James  with  a  host  that  would  not  yield  to  the  bows  and  arrows  of 
the  Lowlanders,  who  are  rejoicing  at  having  planned  their  treachery 
with  the  cunning  and  resources  of  their  dark  councils,  which  have 
at  last  driven  you  an  exile  into  France.  But  I  am  in  hopes  that 
the  course  of  events  will  yet  change,  and  that  I  may  see  with  my 
own  eyes  the  discomfiture  of  every  wretch  who  took  part  in  their 
councils,  and  of  every  petty,  cringing  baron,  who,  by  his  tricks  and 
wiles,  deceived  Prince  Orange;  Argyll,  in  spite  of  his  rank,  will,  as 
one  of  the  first,  be  smitten  with  the  disease  that  comes  natural  to 
him.  It  comes  natural  to  him  from  his  grandfather  to  deceive 
everyone,  nor  is  he  better  from  his  father,  though  he  (the  father) 
received  so  much  kindness  from  his  King.  If  this  is  the  third 
occasion  on  which  the  disease  was  caught  from  a  "  maiden  "  sharp- 
toothed,  clear-cutting,  disgrace  has  not  been  quelled  though  he 
were  to  fall  by  her,  to  him  it  would  be  no  disgrace.  There  are  many 
lords  and  officials  whom  I  cannot  now  mention  in  my  verse,  who  at 
the  present  time,  together  with  their  rabble,  boast  with  affected 
modesty  of  their  connection  with  thee  (Argyll).  Among  them  are 
Culloden,  the  Grants,  the  Rosses  of  the  cabbage.  When  the  wheel 
turns  round  to  its  first  love  they  will  find  themselves  among  the 
rest  quite  close  to  the  gallows.  But,  ye  men  of  Scotland,  though 
your  court  (i.e.,  your  political  situation)  may  now  seem  satisfactory 
to  you,  still,  if  your  story  be  read  from  your  infancy  even  as  far 
back  as  the  day  when  you  first  submitted  to  Fergus,  it  will  be 
found  that  every  clan  has  fallen  by  appointed  decree — who 
deserted  and  proved  faithless  to  the  Crown.  But  this  is  a  forge  that 
will  test  unfailingly  the  truth  of  the  saying  that "  a  stain  may  fall 
on  their  honour."  I  am  not  going  to  speak  about  all  I  know,  to 
our  nobles,  our  clergy,  our  people,  after  your  oath  to  Charles  that 
you  would  stand  by  him,  come  what  may,  and  by  his  legitimate 
heir,  who  is  now  King  James,  for  life  ;  but  in  spite  of  your  sagacity, 
and  wide  though  your  learning  may  be,  you  are  certainly  violating 
the  right.     (Not  to  speak  of  his)  undoubted  right,  it  is  a  disgrace 


thai  so  many  have  forsaken  his  cause,  who  were  once  in  lowly 
estate,  but  have  now  climbed  by  good  fortune  upwards.  There  is 
a  proverb,  and  a  true  one,  which  has  ever  been  in  use  among  lov- 
ing Christians — that  worse  than  a  hostile  spirit  is  the  ungrateful 
man  ;  many  such  have  taken  advantage  of  him  (the  King)  in  his 
trouble.  Another  matter,  not  less  sad,  which  has  come  into  pro- 
minence in  this  affair — his  own  children  supporting  those  who  are 
everywhere  opposing  him.  They  have  forsaken,  and  not  to  their 
joy,  the  fifth  commandment  given  for  the  guidance  of  people. 
Such  conduct  is  unnatural  in  anyone  who  has  received  baptism  in 
the  name  of  the  Trinity  on  high.  But  Thou,  the  worker  of  all  the 
wonders  that  were  seen  from  the  first  among  the  children  of  Israel, 
is  not  this  a  very  apparent  guilt  for  anyone  professing  Christian 
principles  1  Since  a  great  fear  and  cowardice  has  fallen  upon  every 
Marquis,  every  Earl,  and  every  Duke,  do  Thou  thyself  check  their 
turbulence,  if  it  be  Thy  will,  0  God,  lest  we  fall  under  the  wrath 
of  Thy  countenance.  Much  may  happen  to  thee,  0  Britain,  since 
thou  didst  refuse  to  receive  warning  in  time.  Thoti  dost  not  see 
the  cause  of  thy  fear,  for  unbelief  has  brought  disaster  upon  thee. 
Since  the  day  King  Charles  was  murdered,  his  blood  is  con- 
stantly crying  out.  Repent  of  thy  guilt,  bring  King  James  home, 
or  destruction  from  God  will  surely  come  down  upon  thee.  Ye 
worthy  Gaels,  don't  rest  under  disgrace,  but  bo  of  courage  with 
King  James  to  back  you  up.  Though  William  is  in  England, 
never  yield  allegiance  to  his  Crown.  Certain  it  seems  to  me  what 
will  happen  from  the  deceitfulness  of  his  schemes,  he  will  be  driven 
back  in  disgrace.  Let  this  not  surprise  you,  seeing  that  he  has 
seized  injustice  by  the  head  (i.e.,  has  acted  upon  it  from  the  out- 
set). His  manifesto  was  altogether  perjured.  Don't  you  see  how 
false  his  words  are,  and  how  he  instantly  renounced  every  promise 
he  made  to  England.  They  (his  supporters)  are  now  at  variance 
among  themselves  since  they  have  understood  his  object,  except 
such  Presbyterians  as  there  are  among  them.  Let  not  your 
courage  be  any  the  less  that  these  (the  Presbyterians)  have 
always  been  unstable  in  their  allegiance.  Under  the  veil  of 
religion  it  has  been  their  custom  and  their  policy  from  the  first 

But  we  know  that  each  hero  who  succoured  the 

Crown  holds  his  position,  though  Kings  may  often  have  failed  them. 
So  may  it  happen  to  the  nobles  of  Scotland  and  Ireland  who  are 



fighting  for  James  without  thinking  of  their  loss,  but  treacherous 
were  the  countenance  and  face  of  each  one  engaged  in  mischief  and 
deceit,  who  accepted  the  perjured  "test,"  whether  nobles  or  clergy, 
giving  up  their  souls  to  the  crafty  evil  one.  But  I  am  blind  in  my 
opinion  if  God  will  not  soon  check  this  treachery,  and  bring  to 
nought  the  schemes  of  cold,  unnatural,  sterile  blood-relationship. 
Woe  to  him  who  commenced  his  career  by  suddenly  making  war 
upon  his  own  father-in-law  ;  but  such  is  the  way  of  clowns  and  the 
hope  of  carlines  in  this  callous  and  deceitful  world. 


Of  the  poets  of  Kintail,  no  one  is  better  remembered  than  Ian 
Mac  Mhurachaidh  (pp.  81-83),  or  has  left  behind  him  a  greater 
wealth  of  song.  Though  in  comfortable  circumstances,  he  disliked 
the  purely  mercenary  relations  which  were  beginning  to  grow  up 
between  landlord  and  people,  and  therefore  resolved  to  emigrate 
to  Carolina.  The  following  is  one  of  several  songs  which  he  com- 
posed in  order  to  induce  as  many  as  possible  of  his  countrymen 
to  accompany  him  : — 

Thanig  leitir  bho  Ian  Beitean 
Chuir  eibhneas  air  fear  nach  fhac  i. 

Beagan  do  mhuinntir  mo  dhuthcha 
Triall  an  toabh  am  faigh  iad  pailteas. 

Far  am  faigh  sinn  deth  gach  seorsa 
An  t-sealg  is  boidhche  tha  ri  fhaicinn. 
Gheabh  sinn  fiadh  is  boc  is  moisleach 
'S  comas  na  dh'  fhaodar  thoir  asda. 
Gheabh  sinn  coileach-dubh  is  liath  chearc 
Lachan,  ialtan  agus  glas  gheoidh. 
Gheabh  sinn  bradan  agus  ban  iasg 
'S  glas  iasg  ma  's  e  's  fhearr  a  thaitneas. 

B'  fhearr  na  bhi  fuireach  fo  uachd'rain 
'S  nach  fuiligeadh  iad  tuath  bhi  aca. 
A  ghabhadh  an  an  aite  'n  t'  sheoid 
An  t'  or  ged  bann  a  spog  a  phartainn. 
A  ghabhadh  an  an  aite  'n  diunloaich 
Siogaire  sgugach  's  e  beartach, 


Falbhamaid  'a  bitheadh  bcannachd  Dhia  leinn 
Triallamaid,  riadhamaid  barca. 

Falbhamaid  uile  gu  leir 

'S  gur  beag  mo  apeia  do  dh'  fhear  gun  tapadh. 

Thogaiun  fonn,  fonn,  fonn, 

Dh'  eireadh  fonn  oirn  ri  fhaicinn. 

There  came  a  letter  from  John  Bethune,  which  haa  given  joy 
to  one  who  haa  not  aeen  it.  A  few  of  my  country  people  about  to 
depart  to  a  land  of  plenty,  where  we  can  find  every  kind  of  the 
moat  delightful  hunting  that  could  be  aeen.  We  shall  find  deer, 
buck  and  doe,  with  permission  to  take  as  many  as  we  want.  We 
shall  get  the  woodcock  and  the  woodhen,  teals,  ducks,  and  wild 
geese.  We  shall  get  salmon  and  white  fish,  and  grey  fish  if  it 
will  please  us  better.  Better  far  than  stay  under  landlords  who 
won't  auffer  a  tenantry  with  them  ;  who  would  take,  inatead  of  a 
good  man,  gold,  were  it  from  the  claw  of  a  lobater  ;  who  would 
take,  inatead  of  a  brave  man,  a  aulky  sneak,  provided  he  was  rich. 
Let  us  depart,  and  may  the  blessing  of  God  be  with  us :  let  us  go 
and  charter  a  ahip.  Let  us  depart,  all  of  us,  for  small  is  my 
esteem  for  a  man  of  no  courage. 

I  would  raise  a  chorus  of  delight ;  we  should  be  delighted  on 
seeing  it. 


When  the  ahip,  by  which  Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh  and  so  many 
of  his  countrymen  were  about  to  leave  Kintail,  arrived  at  Caileach, 
where  it  anchored,  the  poet  invited  the  captain  of  the  ship  to 
dinner  with  him.  When  the  captain  saw  the  good  cheer  provided, 
he  told  the  poet  that  he  would  not  be  able  to  fare  so  sumptuously 
in  America,  and  strongly  advised  him  to  remain  at  home.  The 
poet's  wife  and  some  other  friends  wdio  were  present  also  urged 
him  to  the  same  effect  with  such  earnestness  that  his  resolution 
was  almost  overcome,  but  he  felt  that,  after  all  he  had  done  and 
said,  he  could  not  desert  the  people  he  had  induced  to  join  him, 
and  who  looked  up  to  him  as  their  leader,  so  he  decided,  at  what- 
ever sacrifice,  to  go  along  with  them  ;  and  the  next  song,  which  was 
probably  lesa  applicable  to  the  poet'a  own  circumatauces  than  to 


those  of  some  of  his  fellow-emigrants,  was  composed  to  cheer  and 
encourage  them  as  the  ship  was  sailing  away : — 

Nise  bho  na  thachair  sinn 
Fo's  cionn  an  stoip  's  na  creachaige, 
Gu'n  ol  sinn  air  na  faicinn  e 
'S  na  cairtealan  san  teid  sinn. 
Mhnathan  togaidh  an  turrus  oirbh 
'Us  sguiribb  dheth  na  h-iomadan, 
Cha  bharail  leum  gun  tillear  mi 
Bho'n  sguir  mi  dh  'iomain  spreidhe. 
Mhnathan  sguiribh  chubarsnaich 
Bho'n  char  sibh  fo  na  siuil  a  stigh, 
Cha  bharail  leam  gu'n  lubar  sinn 
Ri  duthaich  bhochd  na  h-eiginn. 

H-uile  cuis  dha  theannachadh, 

An  t'  ardachdainn  se  ghreannaich  sinn, 

Lin-mhora  bhi  dha'n  tarruin 

'S  iad  a  sailleadh  na  cuid  eisg  oirn. 

Gur  iomadh  latha  saraicht' 

Bha  mi  deanamh  dige  's  garraidhneau, 

An  crodh  a  faighinn  bais  oirn 

'Us  mi  paidheadh  mail  gu  h-eigneach. 

'S  iomadh  latha  dosguineach 

A  bha  mi  giulan  cosguis  dhuibh, 

'N  uair  reidheadh  a  chuis  gu  osburnaich 

Bhi  'g  osunaich  ma  deighinn. 

'S  beag  mo  speis  d'  an  uachdaran 

A  chuir  cho  fad  air  cuan  sinn, 

Air  son  beagan  do  mhal  suarach 

'S  cha  robh  buanachd  aige  fhein  deth. 

Tha  tighinn  fotham,  fotham,  fotham, 

Tha  tighinn  fotham  eiridh. 

Now  that  we  have  met  over  a  stoup  and  drinking-shell,  let  us 
drink  in  anticipation  of  seeing  the  quarters  whither  we  are  going. 
Women,  take  courage  for  the  voyage,  and  stop  your  mourning ;  I 
don't  think  I  can  be  induced  to  return,  now  that  I  have  ceased  to 
herd  cattle.  Women,  restrain  your  anxiety,  now  that  you  have 
gone  under  the  sails ;  I  don't  think  I  can  be  bent  backwards  to 
the  poor  country  of  destitution.  Every  thing  is  being  tightened, 
the  raising  (of  rents  1)  is  what  has  embittered  us  ;  trawling  with 


great  nets,  and  salting  our  fish.  Many  a  hard  day  was  I  making 
dykes  and  walls,  my  cattle  dying,  while  I  paid  rent  with  difficulty. 
Many  an  unfortunate  day  have  I  borne  expenses  on  your  account, 
and  when  the  matter  fell  into  ruin,  I  sighed  over  them.  Small  is 
my  esteem  for  the  landlord  who  has  sent  us  so  far  over  the  ocean, 
for  the  sake  of  a  little  wretched  rent,  which  he  did  not  long  enjoy. 
I  feel  inclined  to  go. 


Among  those  who  accompanied  Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh  was  a 
certain  John  Macrae — a  blacksmith — called  Ian  Mac  a  Ghobha 
(page  193).  The  American  War  of  Independence  began  almost 
immediately  after  the  arrival  of  the  Kiutail  emigrants  in  Carolina, 
and  they  unhesitatingly  cast  in  their  lot  with  the  Loyalists.  The 
poet  now  became  one  of  the  foremost,  by  his  songs  and  his  example, 
in  urging  his  brother  Highlanders  to  stand  up  iu  defence  of  what  he 
considered  to  be  the  just  rights  of  their  King  and  country,  and 
consequently,  when  the  Americans  got  him  into  their  hands  they 
treated  him  with  unusual  severity.  Ian  Mac  a  Ghobha  lost  his 
arm  in  the  war,  and,  making  his  way  back  to  Scotland,  eventually 
succeeded,  after  considerable  difficulty,  in  obtaining  a  pension  for 
his  services.  He  appears  to  have  been  a  man  of  mark  in  more 
ways  than  one.  He  possessed  an  excellent  voice  and  an  excellent 
memory,  and  brought  back  with  him  to  Kintail  several  of  Ian 
Mac  Mlmrachaidh's  songs,  which  he  was  never  tired  of  singing. 
He  died  at  Carndu,  near  Dornie,  in  1839,  aged  ninety-three.  The 
morning  after  his  death  an  old  woman,  who  lived  by  herself  on 
the  other  side  of  the  sea,  opposite  to  Kilduich,  told  the  first  neigh- 
bour she  met :  "  'S  mi  a  chuala  an  t-shehm  bhreagh  a  dol  a  stigh  a 
Chlachan  Duthaich  an  raoir,  's  mar  eil  mi  air  mo  mhealladh  se 
guth  biim  Mhic  a  Ghobha  a  bhann." — ("  What  beautiful  singing  I 
heard  going  into  Kilduich  churchyard  last  night;  if  I  am  not  mis- 
taken, it  was  the  sweet  voice  of  Mac  a  Ghobha."  Soon  afterwards 
the  news  of  his  death  arrived.1 

The  following  song,  perhaps  Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh's  last,  was 
composed  by  him  while  wandering  a  fugitive  in  the  primeval 
forest,  evidently  before  the  close  of  the  war,  as  he    still    looks 

iTradition  communicated  to  the  author  by  Mac  a  Ghobha's  great-grandson, 
Dr  Fanjuhar  Macrae,  London. 


forward  with  hope  to  the  arrival  of  Lord  Cornwallis,  who  was 
forced  to  smrender  to  the  French  and  the  Americans  at  Yorktown 
on  the  18th  of  October,  1781.  It  has  been  the  song  of  many  a 
Kintail  emigrant  since  the  days  of  Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh : — 

'S  mi  air  fogradh  bho  'n  fhoghar, 
Togail  thighean  gun  cheo  nnnta. 
Ann  am  bothan  beag  barraich, 
'S  nach  tig  caraid  dha  'm  fheorach  ann 

Ged  a  tha  mi  s'  a  choille 
Cha'n  eil  coire  ri  chnodach  orm. 

Ach  'bhi  cogadh  gu  dileas 

Leis  an  righ  bho'n  bha  choir  aige. 

Thoir  mo  shoraidh  le  durachd, 

Gus  an  duthaich  'm  bu  choir  dhomh  bhi. 

Thoir  mo  shoraidh  Chuitaille 

Am  bi  manran  is  oranan. 

A'n  trie  a  bha  mi  mi'n  bhuideal 

Mar  ri  cuideachda  sholasach. 

Cha  be  'n  dram  'bha  mi  'g  iarraidh 

Ach  na  b'fhiach  an  cuid  storaidhean. 

Ceud  soraidh  le  durachd 

Gu  Sgur-Urain,  's  math  m'  eolas  innt'. 

'S  trie  a  bha  mi  niu'n  cuairt  di. 
'G  eisdeachd  udlaich  a  cronanaich. 
A  bheinn  ghorm  tha  ma  coinneamh 
Leum  bo  shoillear  a  neoineanan. 
Sios  'us  suas  troimh  Ghleann-Seile 
'S  trie  a  leag  mi  damh  crocach  ann. 

Gheibhte  brie  air  an  linne 

Fir  ga  'n  sireadh  'us  leos  aca. 

Tha  mi  nis  air  mo  dhiteadh 

An  am  priosan  droch  bheolainteach. 

Ach  na  'n  tigeadh  Cornwallis 

'S  mise  d'  fhalbhadh  ro-dheonach  leis. 

A  thoirt  sgrios  air  na  beistean 
Thug  an  t'  eideadh  's  an  storas  bhuam. 
Tha  ni  sgith  'n  fhogar  sa    - 
Tha  mi  sgith  's  mi  learn  fheiu 
'S  cian  bho  thir  m'  eolas  mi 


I  am  an  exile  since  Autumn,  building  houses  without  smoke  in 
them.  In  a  little  hut  of  brushwood,  where  no  friend  will  come  to 
inquire  for  me.  Though  I  am  in  the  wood  (an  outlaw)  no  fault 
can  be  charged  against  me ;  except  righting  loyally  for  the  King 
because  he  was  in  the  right.  Take  my  sincere  farewell  to  the 
country  where  I  ought  to  be.  Take  my  farewell  to  Kintail,  the 
place  of  mirth  and  songs.  Where  I  often  sat  round  a  bottle  with 
a  happy  company.  It  was  not  the  drink  I  desired  but  the  worth 
of  your  stories.  A  hundred  sincere  farewells  to  Scur  Ouran, 
well  do  I  know  it.  Often  was  I  in  its  vicinity  listening  to  the 
bellowing  of  an  old  stag.  The  green  mountain  opposite  to  it, 
bright  to  me  were  its  daisies.  Up  and  down  Glensheil  often 
did  I  lay  an  antlered  stag  low.  Trout  might  be  found  on  the 
pool,  men  seeking  them  with  a  torch.  I  am  now  condemned  to  a 
prison  of  bad  fare.  But  if  Cornwallis  came,  gladly  would  I  join 
him.  To  scourge  the  wretches  who  have  robbed  me  of  my  clothes 
and  property. 

I  am  tired  of  this  exile,  I  am  tired  in  my  loneliness, — far  am  I 
from  the  land  of  my  acquaintance. 

Note. — Several  of  Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh's  poems  will  be  found 
in  The  Celtic  Magazine  (Inverness),  April-August,  1882. 

The  following  are  some  other  Macrae  poets  whose  Gaelic 
songs  were  at  one  time  and  in  some  instances  still  are  known 
among  Gaelic-speaking  Highlanders  :— 

Duncan  Macrae,  commonly  called  Donnachadh  Mac  Alister 
(page  198).  Only  fragments  of  a  lament  for  his  mother  and  of  a 
song  to  his  gun  appear  to  be  known  now. 

Kenneth  Macrae,1   of  the  Claim  Ian  Charrieh  tribe,  and  a 

1  Kenneth  had  a  son,  Alexander,  about  whom  the  following  paragraph 
appeared  in  The  Courier  (London)  of  the  28th  November,  1807  :— "  The  oldest 
man  now  living  in  Scotland  is  supposed  to  be  a  Highlander  of  the  name  of 
Alexander  Macrae.  He  was  born  in  the  parish  of  Kintail  in  the  year  1687,  and 
is  now,  of  course,  just  120  years  old.  In  the  year  1719  he  fought  under  Lord 
Seaforth  at  the  battle  of  Glensheil,  and  in  1721  he  enlisted  as  a  private  in  the 
Scots  Brigade,  serving  in  Holland,  where  he  continued  seven  years,  the  last 
two  of  which  were  spent  in  prison  in  some  town  of  France,  the  name  of  which 
he  does  not  remember.  In  1731  he  returned  to  his  farm  and  married  a  second 
wife,  who  died  a  few  years  after.  In  1705  he  fell  into  such  low  circumstances 
that  he  was  forced  to  procure  a  subsistence  by  going  about  from  house  to 
house  reciting  Ossian's  poems  in  Gaelic.  In  1773  he  married  his  present  wife, 
by  whom  he  ha?  three  children,  the  last  when  he  was  aged  ninety-six.     About 


relative  of  Ian  Mac  Ian  of  Torlysich  (foot  note,  page  214).  He 
lived  at  Ardelve,  and  was  an  old  man  at  the  time  of  the  battle  of 
Sheriffmuir,  at  which  he  was  present.  On  his  return  home  he 
composed  a  celebrated  lament,  or  ballad,  on  the  "  Four  Johns  of 
Scotland"  (footnote,  page  153),  which  is  given  in  "The  Trans- 
actions of  the  Gaelic  Society  of  Inverness,"  Vol.  VIII. — Leaves 
from  my  Celtic  Portfolio,  by  Mr  William  Mackenzie. 

Christopher  Macrae,  Sergeant  in  the  78th  Highlanders 
(page  80).  Some  of  his  songs  are  still  well  known  in  Kintail  and 

Donald  Macrae,  a  weaver  in  the  parish  of  Petty  in  Inverness- 
shire,  where  he  was  born  in  1756,  and  died  in  1837.  His  father 
was  a  native  of  Glenclchaig  in  Kintail.  He  was  the  author  of 
several  religious  poems,  which  are  spoken  of  very  highly  in  The 
Literature  of  the  Highlanders  by  the  Rev.  Nigel  Macneill. 

John  Macrae,  schoolmaster  at  Sleat  in  Skye  (page  183). 

The  Rev.  Donald  Macrae  of  Ness  in  Lewis  (page  83)  is 
mentioned  in  Macneill's  Literature  of  the  Highlanders  as  a  true 
poet,  though  he  did  not  produce  much.  His  best  known  song  is 
"  The  Emigrant's  Lament,"  written  on  the  occasion  of  the  de- 
parture of  many  of  his  congregation  for  Canada. 

John  Macrae  (page  130,  c3)  composed,  among  other  Gaelic 
songs,  one  on  the  late  Professor  Blackie  of  Edinburgh. 

James  Macrae  of  Ardroil  in  Lews  (page  193)  composed  several 
good,  and  sometimes  humorous,  Gaelic  songs. 

twelve  years  ago,  while  still  very  stout,  he  was  deprived  of  the  use  of  his  limbs 
by  a  violent  fever,  and  ever  since  has  been  unable  to  walk.  He  is  now  bed- 
ridden, deaf  and  blind,  but  his  memory  is  still  very  correct.  His  general 
amusement  is  singing  and  repeating  Ossian's  poems  in  Gaelic,  but  he  repeats 
so  fast  that  it  is  impossible  to  write  them  down,  and,  if  interrupted,  must 
again  return  to  the  beginning  of  the  poem.  He  appears  to  have  been  a  stout- 
made,  middle-sized  man,  and  still  looks  uncommonly  well."  The  old  man 
lived  at  Ardelve,  and  this  paragraph  is  believed  to  have  been  communicated  to 
the  London  Courier  by  the  Rev.  Lachlan  Mackenzie  of  Lochcarron,  who  on  one 
occasion,  while  attending  a  meeting  of  his  Presbytery  at  Ardelve,  visited  him 
at  his  home.  It  is  said  that  in  the  course  of  the  conversation,  Mr  Lachlan 
asked  the  old  man  if  he  was  not  afraid  of  death.  "  0  dhuiue  bhoc,"  replied 
the  old  man,  "  nam  faicadh  d'thu  Ceither  Iauan  na  h'  Alba  folbh  gu  Sliabh  an 
t'  Shiorradh  's  ann  orra  ua«h  rolli  feagal  roimh  'n  bhas."— (Poor  man,  if  you 
had  seen  the  four  Johns  of  Scotland  setting  out  for  Sheriffmuir,  little  did  they 
fear  death). 


John  Macrae  of  Timsgarry  in  Lews  (page  194). 

Duncan  Macrae1  of  Isle  Ewe  in  Gairloch,  a  faithful  follower 
of  Prince  Charlie,  whom  he  accompanied  throughout  the  Rising 
of  1745,  and  whose  retreat  he  assisted  to  cover  after  the  defeat  of 
Culloden,  composed  a  well-known  Gaelic  song  called  "  Oran  na 
Feannaige  "  (the  song  of  the  crow).  It  consists  of  an  imaginary 
dialogue  between  himself  and  a  crow  which  he  saw  in  Edinburgh 
while  there  with  the  Prince. 

1  This  Duncan  Macrae  was  believed  to  possess  the  gift  of  the  Sian.  This 
gift  was  supposed  to  enable  a  man,  by  means  of  an  incantation,  to  render  an 
object  invisible  until  the  charm  was  removed,  except  for  a  short  time  at 
regular  intervals  usually  of  seven  years.  Shortly  after  the  Battle  of  Culloden, 
a  French  ship,  which  put  in  at  Poolewe,  left  a  cask  of  gold  for  the  use  of  the 
Prince.  According  to  the  traditions  of  Gairloch,  this  cask  was  entrusted  to 
Duncan's  care,  and  being  unable  at  that  time  to  escape  the  vigilance  of  the 
King's  troops,  and  convey  the  gold  to  the  Prince,  he  hid  the  cask  in  a  place 
in  Gairloch  called  the  Fedan  Mor,  making  use  of  the  Sian  to  render  it  invisible. 
The  cask  never  reached  the  Prince.  On  one  occasion,  about  1826,  the  cask 
suddenly  became  visible  to  a  shepherd's  wife  who  was  spinning  there  with  a 
spindle  and  distaff  while  herding  her  cattle.  She  stuck  the  spindle  in  the 
ground  to  mark  the  spot,  and  ran  home  for  help  tD  remove  the  treasure,  but 
when  her  friends  arrived  at  the  spot  neither  the  cask  nor  the  distaff  could  be 
discovered.— Dixon's  Gairloch,  p.  165. 



It  has  already  been  stated,  in  Chapter  I.,  that  the  district  of 
Gairloch  is  rich  in  Macrae  traditions.  The  following  tradi- 
tions are  taken  from  Mr  John  H.  Dixon's  book  on  Gairloch, 
with  the  kind  permission  of  the  author  : — 




Once  upon  a  time  there  lived  a  powerful  man — Ian  Mac  Ian 
Uidhir  (John  the  son  of  Sallow  John) — in  the  Carr  of  Kintail,  and 
when  he  heard  such  aliens  (the  Macbeaths)  resided  in  the  island  of 
Loch  Tollie  (in  Gairloch)  he  thought  within  himself,  on  New 
Year's  night,  that  it  was  a  pity  such  mischievous  strangers  should 
be  in  the  place,  raising  rents  on  the  land  which  did  not  of  right 
belong  to  them,  while  some  of  the  offspring  of  gentlemen  of  the 
Clan  Mackenzie,  although  a  few  of  them  possessed  lands,  were 
without  possessions. 

Some  time  after  this,  when  the  snow  was  melting  off  the 
mountains,  he  lifted  his  arrow  bag  on  his  back,  sent  word  for  Big 
Donald  Macrae  from  Inverinate,  and  they  walked  as  one  together 
across  Killelan.  Old  Alastair  Liath  (Grey  Alexander)  of  Carr 
accompanied  them.  They  walked  through  the  mountains  of  Loch- 
carron.  They  came  in  by  the  mountains  of  Kinlochewe.  They 
came  at  a  late  hour  in  sight  of  Loch  Tollie,  and  they  took  notice  of 
Macbeath's  castle  in  the  island,  and  of  a  place  whence  it  would  be 
easy  for  them  to  send  their  arrows  to  the  castle.  There  was  a 
rowan  tree  alongside  the  castle,  which  was  in  their  way,  but  when 
the  darkening  of  night  came  they  moved  down  to  the  shore  in 
such  a  way  that  the  heroes  got  near  the  bank  of  the  loch,  so  that 
they  might,  in  the  breaking  of  the  sky,  be  opposite  Macbeath 
when  he  came  out, 


When  Macbeath  came  out  in  the  morning,  the  other  man  said 
to  Donald  Mor,  "  Try  how  true  your  hand  is  now,  if  it  is  not  trem- 
ulous after  the  night ;  try  if  you  can  hit  the  seed  of  the  beast,  the 
hare,  so  that  you  make  a  carcase  of  him  where  he  is,  inasmuch  as 
he  has  no  right  to  be  there."  Donald  shot  his  arrow  by  chance, 
but  it  only  became  flattened  against  one  of  the  kind  of  windows  in 
the  kind  of  castle  that  was  in  it. 

When  the  man  from  Can  saw  what  happened  to  the  arrow  of 
the  man  from  Inverinate,  he  thought  that  his  companion's  arrow 
was  only  a  useless  one.  The  man  from  Carr  got  a  glimpse  of  one 
of  the  servants  of  Macbeath,  carrying  with  him  a  stoup  of  water  to 
boil  a  goat  buck,  which  he  had  taken  from  Craig  Tollie  the  night 
before  ;  but,  poor  fellow  !  it  was  not  he  who  consumed  the  goat 
buck.  Old  Alastair  Liath  of  Carr  threw  the  arrow,  and  it  went 
through  the  kidneys  of  him  of  the  water-stoup. 

Macbeath  suspected  that  a  kind  of  something  was  behind  him 
which  he  did  not  know  about.  He  thought  within  himself  not  to 
wait  to  eat  the  goat  buck,  that  it  would  be  as  well  for  him  to  go 
ashore — life  or  death  to  him — as  long  as  he  had  the  chance  to  cross. 
He  lifted  every  arrangement  he  had,  and  he  made  the  shore  of  it. 
Those  who  would  not  follow  him  he  left  behind  him ;  he  walked  as 
fast  as  was  in  his  joints,  but  fast  as  Macbeath  was,  the  arrow  of  the 
son  of  Big  Donald  fixed  in  him  in  the  thickest  of  his  flesh.  He  ran 
with  the  arrow  fixed,  and  his  left  hand  fixed  in  the  arrow,  hoping 
always  that  he  would  pull  it  out.  He  ran  down  the  brae  to  a  place 
which  is  called  Boora  to  this  day,  and  the  reason  of  that  name  is, 
that  when  Macbeath  pulled  the  arrow  out  a  buradh,  or  bursting 
forth  of  blood,  came  after  it. 

When  the  Kintail  men  saw  that  the  superior  of  the  kind  of 
fortress  had  flown,  they  walked  round  the  head  of  Loch  Tollie, 
sprawling,  tired  as  they  were ;  and  the  very  ferry-boat  which  took 
Macbeath  ashore  took  the  Macraes  to  the  island.  They  used  part 
of  the  goat  buck  which  Macbeath  was  to  haye  had  to  his  meal. 
Thoy  looked  at  the  man  of  whom  they  had  made  a  corpse,  while 
the  cook  went  to  the  preparation  for  the  morning  meal.  Difficulty 
nor  distress  were  not  apparent  on  the  Kintail  men.  The  fearless 
heroes  put  past  the  night  in  the  castle.  They  feared  not  Mac- 
beath ;  but  Macbeath  was  frightened  enough  that  what  he  did  not 
get  he  would  soon  get. 


Although  the  pursuit  of  the  aliens  from  Mackay's J  country  was 
in  the  minds  of  the  Kintail  men,  they  thought  they  would  go  and 
see  how  the  lands  of  Gairloch  lay.  They  went  away  in  the  morn- 
ing of  the  next  day,  after  making  cuaranan  (untanned  shoes)  of  the 
skin  of  the  goat  buck  by  putting  thongs  through  it,  as  they  had 
worn  out  their  own  on  the  way  coming  from  Kintail.  They  came 
through  Gairloch  ;  they  took  notice  of  everything  as  they  desired. 
They  walked  step  by  step,  as  they  could  do,  without  fear  or  bodily 
dismay.  They  reached  Mackenzie's  Castle;  they  saluted  him.  They 
said  boldly,  if  he  had  more  sons,  that  they  would  find  more  land 
for  him.  Mackenzie  invited  them  in  and  took  their  news.  They 
told  him  about  the  land  of  Gairloch,  the  way  in  which  they  saw 
Macbeath,  and  the  way  in  which  they  made  him  flee,  and  the  time 
on  which  they  lived  on  the  flesh  of  the  goat  buck.  "  And  Ken- 
neth," says  Donald  (addressing  the  chief),  "  I  shall  remember  the 
day  of  the  foot  of  the  goat  buck  as  long  as  Donald  is  (my  name) 
on  me." — Dixon's  Gairloch,  pp.  21-23. 




John  Roy  grew  up  a  tall,  brave,  and  handsome  young  High- 
lander. "When  he  could  carry  arms  and  wear  the  belted  plaid,  he 
went  to  the  Mackay  country  to  visit  his  mother.  None  but  his 
mother  knew  him,  and  neither  she  nor  he  made  known  who  he 
was.  In  those  days  any  stranger  who  came  to  a  house  was  not 
asked  who  he  was  until  he  had  been  there  a  year  and  a  day. 
John  Roy  lived  in  the  servants'  end  of  the  house,  and  slept  and 
fed  with  them.  Mackay  had  two  rare  dogs,  called  Cu-dubh  and 
Faoileag  (black  dog  and  sea  gull),  and  they  became  greatly 
attached  to  John  Roy,  so  that  they  would  follow  no  one  else. 
Near  the  end  of  the  year  Mackay  told  his  wife  that  he  suspected 
the  stranger  was  a  gentleman's  son.     Her  tears  revealed  the  truth. 

1  The  Macbeaths  were  said  to  have  come  from  the  country  of  the  Maekays 
in  Sutherlandshire,  probably  in  the  thirteenth  century.  They  had,  at  least, 
three  strongholds  in  Gairloch,  one  of  which  was  the  island  in  Loch  Tollie,  as 
mentioned  above.  There  are  still  some  families  of  the  name  Macbeath  both  in 
Gairloch  and  in  Applecross. 


John  Roy  was  then  kindly  received  at  the  table  of  the  laird,  who 
asked  him  what  he  could  do  for  him,  John  Roy  begged  that 
Mackay  would  give  him  a  bodyguard,  consisting  of  the  twelve  of 
his  men  whom  he  might  choose,  and  the  two  dogs,  Cu-dubh  and 
Faoilcag.  He  got  these,  and  they  went  away  to  Glas  Lcitirc  in 
Kintail,  taking  with  them  an  anker  of  whisky.  Arriving  there, 
John  Roy  placed  his  twelve  men  in  concealment,  and  went  him- 
self to  the  house  of  Ian  Liath  Macrath  (Grey  John  Macrae).  It 
was  the  early  morning,  and  the  old  wife  was  spinning  on  the 
distaff.  She  looked  out,  and  saw  a  man  there.  She  called  to  Ian 
Liath,  who  was  still  lying  down,  "  There  is  a  man  out  yonder 
sitting  on  a  creel,  and  I  never  saw  two  knees  in  my  life  more  like 
John  Roy's  two  knees."  Ian  Liath  got  up,  went  to  the  door,  and 
called  out,  "  Is  that  you,  John  1 "  John  Roy  answered  that  it  was. 
"  Have  you  any  with  you  1 "  "  Yes,  I  have  twelve  men." 
"  Fetch  them,"  said  Ian  Liath.  He  killed  a  bull,  and  feasted 
them  all.  Then  he  told  John  Roy  that  Mackenzie  of  Kintail  was 
coming  that  very  day  to  hunt  on  the  Glas  Leitire  hill  of  his  (John 
Roy's)  fathers.  John  Roy,  with  his  twelve  men  and  Ian  Liath, 
went  to  the  hill,  takiug  the  whisky  with  them.  Mackenzie 
arrived  to  hunt  the  deer,  and  when  he  saw  John  Roy  and  his  men, 
he  sent  a  fair-haired  lad  to  inquire  who  they  were.  John  Roy 
bade  the  boy  sit  down,  and  gave  him  whisky.  Whenever  he  rose 
to  go,  more  whisky  was  offered,  and  he  was  nothing  loath  to  take 
it.  Mackenzie,  thinking  the  lad  was  long  in  returning,  sent 
another  boy,  who  was  treated  in  the  same  way.  Mackenzie  then 
saw  that  John  Roy  had  returned,  so  he  went  back  with  his 
followers  to  his  castle,  and  John  Roy  was  not  further  molested  by 
the  lords  of  Kintail. 

John  Roy  came  back  with  Ian  Liath  to  his  house,  when  the 
latter  told  him  that  he  had  Hector  Roy's  chest  with  the  title- 
deeds  of  Gairloch,  and  that  John  Roy  must  claim  the  estate. 
Ian  Liath  took  all  his  belongings,  and  accompanied  John  Roy 
and  his  twelve  men  to  Gairloch.  They  came  to  Beallach  a 
Chomhla,  at  the  side  of  Bathais  (Bus)  Bheinn.  Coming  down 
the  mountain  they  found  a  good  well,  and  there  they  rested  and 
left  the  women  and  the  cattle.  The  well  is  called  to  this  day 
"  Ian  Liath's  Well."  They  met  people  who  informed  them  that 
Ian  Dubh  Mac  Ruaridh  Mhicleoid,  or  Black  John  the  son  of  Rorie 


Macleod,  who  was  governor  of  the  old  castle  of  the  Dun,  was 
accustomed  to  walk  every  day  across  the  big  sand  and  to  lie  on 
the  top  of  the  Crasg  to  spy  the  country.  The  party  went  to  the 
Crasg,  and  Ian  Liath  told  Ian  Dubh  Mac  Ruaridh  Macleod, 
whom  they  met  there,  that  unless  he  left  the  castle  before  that 
night  he  would  lose  his  head.  Macleod  took  the  hint,  and  sailed 
away  in  his  birlinn,  with  all  his  valuables,  except  one  chest  con- 
taining old  title-deeds,  which  came  into  John  Roy's  possession 
along  with  the  castle.—  Dixon's  Gairloch,  pp.  39-40. 


It  was  after  the  expulsion  of  the  Macleods  that  the  affair  of 
Leac  nan  Saighead  occurred.  Many  of  the  Macleods  who  had  been 
driven  from  Gairloch  had  settled  in  Skye.  A  number  of  young 
men  of  the  clan  were  invited  by  their  chief  to  pass  Hogmanay 
night  in  his  castle  at  Dunvegan.  There  was  a  large  gathering. 
In  the  kitchen  there  was  an  old  woman,  who  was  always  occupied 
in  carding  wool.  She  was  known  as  Mor  Bhan,  or  Fair  Sarah,  and 
was  supposed  to  be  a  witch.  After  dinner  was  over,  at  night  the 
men  began  to  drink,  and  when  they  had  passed  some  time  thus 
they  sent  in  to  the  kitchen  for  Mor  Bhan.  She  came  and  sat 
down  in  the  hall  with  the  men.  She  drank  one  or  two  glasses,  and 
then  she  said  it  was  a  poor  thing  for  the  Macleods  to  be  deprived 
of  their  own  lands  in  Gairloch  and  to  live  in  comparative  poverty 
in  Skye.  "  But,"  says  she,  addressing  the  whole  party,  "  prepare 
yourselves  and  start  to-morrow  for  Gairloch,  sail  in  the  black  bir- 
linn, and  you  shall  regain  Gairloch.'  I  shall  be  a  witness  of  your 
success  when  you  return."  The  men  being  young  and  not  over- 
burdened with  wisdom,  believed  her,  because  they  thought  she  had 
the  power  of  divination.  They  set  sail  in  the  morning  for  Gair- 
loch, and  the  black  galley  was  full  of  the  Macleods.  It  was  even- 
ing when  they  came  into  the  loch,  and  they  dare  not  risk  landing 
on  the  mainland,  for  they  remembered  that  the  descendants  of 

1  Leac  nan  Saighead  is  on  the  south  coast  of  Gairloch,  and  not  far  from 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  415 

Domhnull  Greannach  (a  great  Macrae)  were  still  there,  and  they 
knew  their  powers  ouly  too  well.  They,  therefore,  turned  to  the 
south  side  of  the  loch  and  fastened  their  birlinn  to  Fraoch  Eilean, 
in  the  shelter  opposite  Leac  nan  Saighead,  between  Shieldaig  and 
Badachro.  They  decided  to  wait  there  till  morning,  then  disembark 
and  walk  round  the  head  of  the  loch.  But  all  the  movements  of 
the  Macleods  had  been  well  watched.  Domhnull  Odhar  Mac  Ian 
Liath  and  his  brother,  Ian  Odhar  Mac  Ian  Liath,  the  celebrated 
Macrae  archers,  sons  of  Ian  Liath,  mentioned  in  the  last  extract, 
knew  the  birlinn  of  the  Macleods,  and  they  determined  to  oppose 
their  landing.  They  walked  round  by  Shieldaig  and  posted  them- 
selves before  daylight  at  the  back  of  the  Leac,  a  projecting  rock 
overlooking  Fraoch  Eilean.  The  steps  on  which  they  stood  at  the 
back  of  the  rock  are  still  pointed  out.  Donald  Odhar,  being  a 
short  man,  took  the  higher  of  the  two  steps,  and  Iain  the  other. 
Standing  on  these  steps  they  crouched  down  in  the  shelter  of  the 
rock,  from  which  they  commanded  a  full  view  of  the  island  on 
which  the  Macleods  were  lying  here  and  there,  while  the  Macrae 
heroes  were  invisible  from  the  island.  They  were  both  celebrated 
shots,  and  had  their  bows  and  arrows  with  them.  As  soon  as  the 
day  dawned  they  opened  fire  on  the  Macleods ;  a  number  of  them 
were  killed  before  their  comrades  were  even  aware  of  the  direction 
wheuce  the  fatal  arrows  came.  The  Macleods  endeavoured  to 
answer  the  fire,  but  not  being  able  to  see  their  foes,  their  arrows 
took  no  effect.  In  the  heat  of  the  fight  one  of  the  Macleods 
climbed  the  mast  of  the  birlinn  for  a  better  sight  of  the  position 
of  the  foe.  Ian  Odhar  took  his  deadly  aim  at  him  when  near  the 
top  of  the  mast.  The  shaft  pierced  his  body  and  pinned  him  to 
the  mast.  "  Oh,"  says  Donald,  "you  have  sent  a  pin  through  his 
broth."  So  the  slaughter  continued,  and  the  remnant  of  the  Mac- 
leods hurried  into  the  birlinn.  They  cut  the  rope  and  turned  her 
head  seawards,  and  by  this  time  only  two  of  them  were  left  alive. 
So  great  was  their  hurry  to  escape  that  they  left  all  the  bodies  of 
their  slain  companions  on  the  island.  The  rumour  of  the  arrival 
of  the  Macleods  had  spread  during  the  night,  and  other  warriors 
such  as  Fionnla  Dubh  nan  Saighead  and  Fear  Shieldaig  were  soon 
at  the  scene  of  action  ;  but  all  they  had  to  do  was  to  assist  at  the 
burial  of  the  dead  Macleods.  Pits  were  dug,  into  each  of  which  a 
number  of  the  dead  bodies  were  thrown,  and  mounds  were  raised 


over  them,  which  remain  to  this  day,  as  anyone  may  see.  The 
name  Leac  nan  Saighead  means  "  The  flat  stone  of  the  arrows." 
— Dixon's  Gairloch,  pp.  45-46. 


Fionnla  Dubh  nan  Saighead  was  a  relative  of  Donald  Odhar  and 
Ian  Odhar,  and  was  also  of  the  Macraes  of  Kintail.  Finlay 
usually  lived  at  Melvaig.  As  a  marksman,  he  was  on  a  par  with 
Donald  Odhar.  In  his  day,  young  Macleod,  laird  of  Assynt,  came 
to  Gairloch  in  his  birlinn  to  ask  for  a  daughter  of  John  Roy  in 
marriage.  He  was  refused,  and  set  off  northwards  on  his  return 
voyage  in  his  birlinn,  which  was  manned  with  sixteen  oars.  They 
rowed  quite  close  to  the  land  round  Rudha  Reidh,  the  furthest  out 
headland  of  the  north  point.  Rudha  Reidh  was  then  known  as 
Seann  Rudha,  a  name  which  is  still  sometimes  given  to  it.  Fionnla 
Dubh  nan  Saighead  sat  on  a  rock  as  the  birlinn  passed.  He  called 
out,  "  Whence  came  the  heroes  f  They  replied,  "  We  came  from 
Gairloch."  "  What  were  you  doing  there  V  said  Finlay.  "  We 
were  asking  in  marriage  the  daughter  of  Mackenzie  of  Gairloch  for 
this  young  gentleman."  "  Did  you  get  her  ?"  said  Finlay.  They 
replied,  "  Oh,  no."  Finlay  dismissed  them  with  a  contemptuous 
gesture  and  an  insulting  expression.  They  passed  on  their  way 
without  molesting  him,  because  they  had  no  arms  with  them. 
Young  Macleod  brooded  over  the  insult  he  had  received  from 
Finlay  Macrae,  who  was  well  known  to  him  by  repute.  He  soon 
returned  with  his  sixteen-oared  birlinn,  manned  by  the  choicest 
warriors  of  Assynt,  to  take  vengeance  on  Finlay,  who  noticed  the 
galley,  and  guessed  who  were  its  occupants.  He  called  for  one, 
Chisholm,  his  brother-in-arms,  and  the  two  of  them  proceeded  to 
the  leac,  or  flat  stone,  close  to  the  edge  of  the  low  cliff  about  a  mile 
north  to  Melvaig;  the  leac  is  still  pointed  out.  They  reached  this 
place  before  the  Macleods  could  effect  a  landing.  On  the  way,  the 
Chisholm  said  to  Finlay,  "  You  must  leave  all  the  speaking  to 
me."  As  the  birlinn  drew  near,  Chisholm  called  out,  "  What  do 
you  want?"  "We  want  Fionnla  Dubh  nan  Saighead."  "You 
won't  get  him,  or  thanks,"  said  Chisholm;  "Go  away  in  peace," 


The  Maclcods  began  to  threaten  them.  "If  that  is  the  way,"  said 
Chisholm,  "let  every  man  look  out  for  himself."  The  contest 
began.  Finlay  and  Chisholm  were  well  sheltered  at  the  back  of  the 
leac.  A  number  of  the  Maclcods  were  killed  by  the  arrows  of  the 
two  heroes  on  shore,  whilst  they  themselves  remained  uninjured. 
The  Maclcods,  finding  their  losses  so  severe,  soon  thought  that 
discretion  was  the  better  part  of  valour,  and,  turning  their  birlinn 
northwards,  departed  for  their  own  country.  They  never  again 
molested  Finlay. — Dixon's  Gair/och,  pp.  46-47. 

Note. — In  speaking  of  the  Macrae  archers,  Mr  Dixon  says 
that  the  arrow  fired  at  the  serving  man  on  the  Loch  Tollie  Island, 
by  Alastair  Loath,  must  have  killed  its  victim  at  a  distance  of 
fully  five  hundred  yards.  Donald  Odhar  and  Iain  Odhar,  the 
heroes  of  Leac  nan  Saighead,  slew  many  Macleods  with  their 
arrows  nearly  four  hundred  yards  away.  Lest  any  reader  should 
doubt  the  authenticity  of  these  performances  on  account  of  the 
marvellous  range  attained,  Mr  Dixon  gives  several  instances  of 
wonderful  shots  made  by  Turks,  including  one  of  four  hundred 
and  fifteen  yards,  against  the  wind,  by  Mahmood  Effendi,  the 
Turkish  Ambassador's  secretary,  in  a  field  near  Bedford  House,  in 
1791,  and  one  of  nine  hundred  and  seventy-two  yards  by  the 
Sultan  himself,  in  1798,  in  the  presence  of  Sir  Robert  Ainslie, 
British  Ambassador  to  the  Sublime  forte. — Dixon's  Gairloch,p.  20. 




The  following  information  has  been  kindly  supplied  by  Mr  P.  J. 
Anderson,  librarian  of  the  University  of  Aberdeen,  from  the  old 
Minute  Books  of  the  Macra  foundation  : — 

Alexander  Macra,  ironmonger  in  Bristol,  who  died  on  24th 
August,  1780,  sets  forth  in  his  quaintly-worded  last  will  and 
testament  (dated  at  Edinburgh,  8th  November,  1763),  his 
desire  "that  a  considerable  portion  of  such  share  of  worldly 
substance  as  I  shall  at  the  time  of  my  death  be  entrusted  with 
by  the  providence  and  bounty  of  Almighty  God,  my  gracious 
Creator  and  Supporter,  may  be  employed  in  perpetuity  for  the 
maintenance,  education,  and  instruction  of  indigent  children,  with 
preference  to  male  children  or  boys,  of  the  Sirname  of  Macra, 
natives  of  that  part  of  Great  Britain  called  Scotland."  For  this 
purpose  he  appoints  as  his  executors  the  President  of  the  Court  of 
Session,  the  Dean  of  the  Faculty  of  Advocates,  the  Senior  Baillie 
of  Edinburgh,  the  Senior  Manager  of  the  Orphan  Asylum  in 
Edinburgh,  the  Principal  of  King's  College  in  Aberdon,  the  Pro- 
fessor of  Divinity,  the  senior  Professor  of  Philosophy,  and  the 
Professor  of  Humanity  there,  the  Senior  Minister,  the  Senior 
Baillie,  the  Dean  of  Guild,  and  the  Deacon  Convener  of  Aberdeen : 
directing  them  to  allow  his  estate  to  accumulate  until  of  the  value 
of  £20,000  Scots.  Subject  to  an  annuity  of  £150  Scots  payable 
to  each  of  his  sisters  (Margaret,  spouse  to  John  Matheson  in 
Duiriiiess,  and  Mary,  spouse  to  John  Matheson  in  Rairaig),  and  to 
a  perpetual  payment  of  the  interest  on  7300  merks  Scots  to  John 
Macra,  son  of  the  testator's  late  uncle  Mr  Roderick,  and  his  heirs 
male,  whom  failing,  the  interest  on  2000  merks  Scots  to  the  heir 
male   of   the   testator's   great  grandfather,   Alexander   Macra  of 


Inverinet:  the  yearly  produce  of  the  said  £20,000  Scots  is  to  be 
spent  "on  the  decent  cloathing,  mantenance,  education,  and  in- 
struction of  as  many  indigent  boys  or  male  children  of  the  Sirname 
of  Macra,  and  all  natives  of  Scotland,  as  the  said  nctt  yearly  pro- 
duce can  sufficiently  support." 

The  boys  arc  to  be  above  the  age  of  nine,  and  under  the  age 
of  twelve  ;  and  preference  is  to  be  given  to  descendants  of  the 
testator's  said  great  grandfather.  On  attaining  the  ago  of  thirteen, 
each  boy,  if  "he  is  found  to  have  an  extraordinary  genius  for 
Letters,"  is  to  come  to  Aberdeen  to  attend  one  of  the  burgh 
schools,  "  until  he  be  fit  for  the  Humanity  class  in  the  King's 
College  in  Aberdon  ....  and  for  as  long  thereafter  as  is 
usually  allowed  there,  for  being  instructed  in  the  Latin,  Greek, 
and  Hebrew  Languages,  Mathematics,  Philosophy,  and  Divinity, 
if  he  so  inclines."  If  not  found  "quite  acute  for  Letters,"  a  boy 
may  be  bound  apprentice  to  some  handicraft. 

"  And  I  hereby  ordain  that  any  boy's  father's  or  other  of  his 
predecessors'  using  to  add  the  letter  e,  h,  w,  or  y  to  his  surname 
of  Macra  ....  shall  not  be  sustained  an  objection  to  the 
admission  of  such  boy,  but  the  addition  of  any  of  these  four 
letters  to  the  proper  surname  of  Macra  is  to  be  construed  an 
inattentive  complyance  with  the  pronunciation  of  the  word 
Macra,  which  is  as  various  as  the  accent  of  the  language  is  different 
in  the  several  countrys  wherein  the  father  and  other  predecessors 
of  such  boy  resided." 

An  action  in  the  Court  of  Session  for  reduction  of  the  will  was 
unsuccessful,  and  the  duties  of  the  Trust  were  undertaken  by  the 
eight  last  named  executors,  the  others  declining  to  act. 

In  1794,  by  which  time  the  required  sum  of  £20,000  Scots 
(£1666  13s  id  sterling)  has  been  realised,  "in  consequence  of 
information  sent  to  Ross-shire,  where  the  relations  of  the  mortifier 
reside,  sundry  applications  from  them,  supported  by  the  clergy- 
men of  these  parishes,  arc  transmitted  to  the  agent  at  Aberdeen, 
along  with  certificates  of  the  propinquity  of  several  familys  who 
had  children  qualified  in  terms  of  the  mortification  to  be  admitted 
to  the  benefit  of  it." 

Kenneth,  son  of  Duncan  Macra,  in  Linasce,  Kintail,  late  lieu- 
tenant in  the  78th  Foot,  and  Alexander,  son  of  Farquhar  Macra, 
at  Fadoch,  Kintail,  are  admitted  as  "nearest  in  degree  to  Alex- 


ander  Macra  of  Inverinet,"  and  come  to  Aberdeen,  being  entrusted 
to  the  care  of  Professor  Macleod.  Alexander,  another  son  of 
Lieut.  Duncan,  accompanies  his  brother. 

In  1796  the  testator's  sisters  and  his  cousin  John  are  reported 
dead,  and  in  1798  "Captain"  Duncan,  who  visits  Aberdeen,  is 
recognised  as  heir  male  of  the  mortifier's  great  grandfather,  "  which 
is  proved  by  the  genealogys  transmitted  by  the  ministers  of  the 
parishes  where  the  several  branches  of  the  family  reside." 

1799.  Alexander,  son  of  Farquhar,  enters  bajan  class  at  King's 
College :  graduates  M.A.  in  1803.  {Officers  and  Graduates  of 
King's  Coll.,  1893,  p.  268.)  A  fourth  boy,  Duncan,  son  of  John, 
in  Morvich,  is  admitted. 

1800.  Kenneth,  son  of  Duncan,  enters  bajan  class  at  King's 
Coll.:  in  1803  goes  to  London  "to  be  placed  in  a  mercantile 

1804.  Alexander,  son  of  Duncan,  enters  semi-class  at  King's 

1805.  Duncan,  son  of  John,  in  Morvich,  "has  not  much 
genius,"  and  is  bound  apprentice  for  five  years  to  Mr  Littlcjohn, 
wright  in  Aberdeen. 

1806.  Admitted,  and  comes  to  Aberdeen  to  attend  Grammar 
School :  Alexander,  son  of  John,  son  of  Duncan,  son  of  Donald, 
son  of  Christopher,  lawful  son  of  Alexander  of  Inverinet.  Enters 
bajan  class  1809  ;  M.A.  1813. 

1813.  Admitted  :  Duncan,  son  by  a  second  marriage  of  Captain 
Duncan.  Enters  bajan  class  in  1820,  and  attends  four  sessions, 
but  does  not  graduate. 

1816.  Admitted  :  Farquhar,  son  of  Farquhar  in  Camuslivnie. 
Enters  bajan  class  in  1819;  M.A.  1823;  appointed  schoolmaster 
at  Lochcarron ;  student  of  divinty  1823-27;  minister  of  Free 
Church,  Knockbain. 

1824.  Admitted  :  Christopher,  whose  propinquity  is  certified 
by  Archibald  Macra  of  Ardiutoul  and  many  respectable  persons 
of  the  clan,  "  the  boy  being  in  a  state  of  absolute  nakedness  and 
starvation  "  ;  proved  to  be  over  age. 

1826.  Admitted:  Farquhar,  son  of  Alexander;  proved  to  be 
over  age.  Duncan,  son  of  Murdoch,  in  Stornoway  ;  proved  to  be 
over  age.  John,  son  of  Duncan,  in  Camuslunie.  Donald,  son  of 
John,  in  Conchra, 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  421 

1831.  A.  Mitchell,  Headmaster  of  the  Grammar  School,  Old 
Aberdeen,  reports,  1st  September,  that  John  and   Donald  "have 

attended  the  Grammar  School  of  Old  Aberdeen  for  the  space  of 
three  years  and  ten  months.  Their  attendance  has  upon  the  whole 
been  sufficiently  regular ;  but  their  application  has  by  no  means 
been  such  as  to  ensure  success  in  the  study  of  the  Latin  language  ; 
consequently  they  arc  both  very  deficient.  I  cannot  say  that  there 
is  much  difference  between  them,  but  on  the  whole  I  think  Donald 
the  better  scholar.  Neither  the  one  nor  the  other  appears  to  have 
any  '  extraordinary  genius  for  letters.'  "  To  be  sent  home  to  their 

1832.  John  and  Donald  wish  to  follow  some  liberal  profession, 
but  this  is  not  sanctioned.  The  former  is  apprenticed  to  Mr 
Kennie,  shipbuilder ;  the  latter  to  Mr  Simpson,  wright. 

Mr  Alexander  Macrae,  only  surviving  son  of  late  Captain  Dun- 
cau,  authorises  payment  of  the  annuity  to  his  mother  (?  stepmother). 

1833.  Admitted:  Alexander,  son  of  Finlay,  Auchtertyre.  Dies 
of  smallpox ;  has  not  been  vaccinated  ;  this  to  be  a  sine  qua  n<>n  in 

1834.  Applications  from  John,  son  of  Christopher,  Drudaig  ; 
Donald,  son  of  Finlay,  Auchtertyre;  Kenneth,  son  of  John,  Camus- 
lunie  ;  James,  son  of  Donald,  Kintail ;  the  first  is  admitted,  and  is 
subsequently  apprenticed  to  Mr  William  Henderson,  builder. 

1839.  Applications  from  Colin,  son  of  Christopher,  Inchroe  ; 
Donald,  son  of  Farquhar,  Glenshiel ;  Donald,  son  of  Finlay,  Loch- 
alsh  ;  Donald,  son  of  Farquhar,  Glenshiel  :  the  second  is  admitted, 
subsequently  apprenticed  to  Messrs  Blaikie  &  Son. 

1843.  Finlay  Macrae  admitted,  subsequently  apprenticed  to 
Mr  Cook,  tailor. 

1847.  In  this  year  the  trustees  authorised  their  agent,  Mr 
James  Nicol,  advocate,  to  uplift  the  funds  from  the  Northern 
Investment  Company,  in  whose  hands  they  then  lay,  and  to  lend 
them  on  heritable  security,  which  he  reported  had  been  found. 
The  money,  however,  Mr  Nicol  retained  in  his  own  hands  unsecured, 
and  in  1850  his  firm,  Nicol  &  Munro,  became  bankrupt. 

Mr  Alexander  Anderson,  advocate,  who  was  appointed  judicial 
factor  on  the  Macra  Trust,  was  able  to  recover  £419  14s  3d  from 
the  sequestrated  estate,  and  £1246  19s  Id  from  the  Macra  Trustees, 
who  were  held  to  have  been  guilty  of  gross  negligence.     In  18G2 

422  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

he  reported  that  the  fund  had  now  been  restored  to  its  original 
amount  of  £1666  13s  4d;  and  a  body  of  trustees  was  constituted 
de  novo :  those  accepting  office  being  the  Principal,  the  Professor 
of  Divinity,  the  Senior  Minister,  the  Senior  Baillie,  the  Dean  of 
Guild,  and  the  Deacon  Convener. 

During  the  succeeding  twenty-six  years  a  considerable  number 
of  applications  were  received  by  the  Macra  Trustees,  accompanied 
usually  by  proofs  of  descent  from  Alexander  Macra  of  Inverinet ; 
but  of  those  admitted  to  the  benefits  of  the  Fund,  no  one  seems 
to  have  proved  himself  worthy  of  a  University  education.  Under 
the  scheme  of  administration  of  the  Aberdeen  Educational  Trust, 
dated  17th  November,  188S,  two  bursaries  at  the  Grammar  School 
"  shall  be  known  by  the  name  of  the  Macra  bursaries,  and  these 
two  bursaries  shall  be  awarded  to  any  candidates  properly  qualified 
in  the  opinion  of  the  Governors  to  avail  themselves  of  the  educa- 
tion given  at  the  Grammar  School  of  Aberdeen,  who  shall  satisfy 
the  Governors  that  they  are  of  the  lineal  descendants  of  Alexander 
Macra  of  Inverinet,  the  great  grandfather  of  the  said  Alexander 
Macra,  ironmonger,  Bristol." 

On  the  death  of  Mr  Alexander  Macra,  Demerara,  son  of  Captain 
Duncan,  the  right  to  the  perpetual  annuity  seems  to  have  passed 
to  Dr  John  Macrae,  H.E.I.C.S.,1  son  of  Dr  John  Macrae,  younger 
brother  of  Captain  Duncan  ;  but  no  payments  were  ever  made  to 
him.  On  his  death  in  1864,  a  claim  was  put  forward  by  John 
Anthony  Macrae,  'W.S.,  son  of  Colin,  younger  brother  of  Dr  John, 
senior.  On  31st  March,  1865,  the  Trustees  having  considered  the 
proofs  advanced  by  him,  find  that  he  "is  now  the  heir  male 
lineally  descended  from  the  testator's  said  great  grandfather."  On 
1st  October,  1868,  Colin  George  Macrae,  W.S.,  was  served  heir  to 
his  father,  John  Anthony ;  and  he  now  represents  the  family. 

i  Page  103. 




Inverness,  20th  November,  1721.     In  presence  of  Master  Robert 
Gordon  of  Haughs,  Sheriff-Depute  of  Inverness, 

Compeared  Donald  McRae,  soldier  in  the  Royal  Regiment  of 
North  British  Fusiliers,  who,  being  solemnly  sworn  in  a  precogni- 
tion, maketh  oath  that  he  was  of  the  detachment  of  His  Majesty's 
Forces,  appointed  to  attend  the  Factors  on  the  Forfeited  Estates, 
when  the  insult  and  murder  was  committed  on  the  saide  Forces 
and  Factors  at  Loch  Affrick,  upon  the  Second  day  of  October  last 
by  several  Bodies  of  Highlanders,  and  that  he  knew  and  seed  the 
persons  following  amongst  the  saide  Bodies  of  Highlanders,  viz.  :— 
Donald  Murchison,  Chamberland  to  the  late  Earl  of  Seaforth. 
Donald  Murchison  of  Auchtertyre. 
John  McRae  of  Inverinat. 
John  Dow  McAlister  Vic  Gilchrist,  in  Achyark. 
Christopher,  Ferquhar  and  Murdo  McRaes,  sons   to  Christopher 

McRae,  in  Arivugan. 
Don  McRae  in  Glensheil,  nephew  to  the  said  Christopher. 
John  McUrchie  Vic  Alister  Vic  Vinister,  in  Killelan. 
John  McFinlay  Vic  Fan,  in  Killelan. 
Duncan  McEan  Vic  Conchie,  in  Killelan. 
Alexander  McEan  Vic  Conchy,  in  Killelan. 
John  McEan  Vic  Conchy,  in  Killelan. 
John  McEan  Vic  Conchy  Vic  Alister,  in  Glenelchak. 
John  Dow  McAlister  Vic  Gilchrist,  in  Achayouran  of  Glensheall. 
Donald  McAlister  Vic  Gilchrist,  in  Achyouran-begg. 

l  Page  358.  See  also  paper  on  "  Donald  Murchison  and  the  Factor»  on 
the  Forfeited  Estates,"  by  Mr  William  Mackay,  published  in  "The  Trans- 
actions of  the  Gaelic  Society  of  Inverness,"  Vol.  XIX. 

424  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Alexander  McConchy  Vic  Gilchrist,  in  Rategan  of  Glensheal. 
Alexander    McRae,  son    to    Master    Donald  McRae,    minister   of 

John  McRae,  son  to  Alexander  McFerquhar  Vic  Rae,  in  Morvich. 
John  McKenzie,  in  Inverinat,  son  to    Kenneth  Roy,   brother  to 

the  late  Aplecross. 
Ferquhar  Oig  McFerquhar  Vic  Alister,  in  Inversheile. 
Murdo  McFerquhar  Vic  Alister,  in  Croe  of  Kintail. 
Alexander  McFerquhar  Vic  Alister,  in  Morvich,  in  Croe  of  Kintail. 
John  McRae  Vic  Vinister,  in  Letterfearn. 
John  McRae,  eldest  son  to  Donald  McRae  of  Driudaig,  living  in 

Murdo  McAlister  Vic  Vinister,  in  Camboslynie. 
Alexander  McAlister  Vic  Vinister,  in  Glenelchak. 
Alexander  McHuistan  Vic  Rae,  in  Meikle  Salachy  of  Lochalsh, 

nephew  to  Aryvogan. 
Donald  Oig  McLennan,  in  Achnafeam  of  Lochalsh. 
Murdo  McRae,  in  Coriloyne  of  Glenloyne. 
John  McRae,  son  to  the  said  Murdoch  McRae,  in  Coriloyne  of 

Ferquhar  McConchy  Voir  Nakaime,  in  Glenloyne. 
Alexander  McHutchan  Vic  Rae,  in  Sallachy  More. 
Duncan  McHutchan  Vic  Rae,  in  Sallachy  More. 
John  Dow  McLennan,  in  Achnaguiran. 
Colline  McEan  Vic  Iver,  in  Inversheal. 
Murdo  McEan  Vic  Iver,  in  Inversheal. 
Duncan  McConchy  Vic  Gilchrist,  in  Islandonanbeg. 
Evander  Murchison,  son  to  John  Murchison  McEan  Vic  Conil,  in 

Donald  Roy,  son  to  the  ground  officer  of  Glenmoriston. 
John  McAlister  Vic  Rae,  in  Cambouslyne  of  Glenelchak,  one  of  the 

baggage  men  to  the  Rebells. 

Donald  McRae  further  maketh  oath  that  the  said  John 
McAlister  Vic  Rae,  baggage  man,  and  others  of  the  party  who 
conducted  the  troops  and  factors  back  through  the  wood,  informed 
him  that  the  persons  following  were  amongst  the  committers  of 
the  said  insult  and  murder,  viz. : — 

John  Dow  McAlister  Vic  Gilchrist,  in  Achyark 
Duncan  McConchy  Vic  Charlich,  in  Sallachy  More. 


Alexander  McFinlay  Vic  Ean,  in  Achnabein. 

Duncan  McAlistcr  Vic  Conchy  Mathcson,   in    Achrachen   of   Loch 

Murdo  McConchy  Vic  Ean,  in  Killelan. 
Alexander  McConchy  Vic  Vinister,  in  Aglachan  of  Lochalsh. 
Christopher  McFerquhar  Oig,  in  Letterfearn. 
Alexander  McAlister  Vic  Gillichrist  Vic  Ferquhar  Oig,  in  Mamaig 

of  Glenelchaig. 
Alister  McAlister  Vic  Gilchrist,  in  Kilarie. 
John  McEan  Vic  Conchy,  in  Ratigan. 

Donald  McAlister  Vic  Gilliechrist,  in  Achyark  of  Glensheal. 
Donald    Murchison,     in    Achachoraran,    brother   to   the   deceast 

Mnrdo  Mui'chison,  brother  to  the  deceast  Achtertoir. 
Alexander  Murchison,  brother  to  the  deceast  Achtertoir. 
John  McGilchrist  McRae,  in  Comer  of  Strathglcsh. 
Christopher  McEan  Vic  Conil  Vic  Vinister,  in  Conchraig  of  Cam- 

Christopher  McUrchie  Vic  Vinister,  in  Glenelchack. 
Alexander  and  Mylies  Murchison,  sons  to  John  Murchison  McEan 

Vic  Conil,  in  Achnabein. 
John  McDonald  Reach  Vic  Conchy  Oig,  in  Meikle  Salachie. 
John  Dow  McEuan  Gou,  in  Meikle  Salachy. 
John  McLennan  Vic  Conchy  Voi,  in  Mid  Ausgett  of  Kintail. 
Donald  McEan  Doi  Brebater,  in  Mid  Ansgett  of  Kintail. 
Finlay  McEan  Doi  Brebater,  in  Mid  Ausgett  of  Kintail. 
Duncan  Mac  Ean  Glas,  in  Achnason  of  Lochalsh. 
Donald  Mathcson,  in  Conchra  of  Lochalsh. 
Duncan  Mathcson,  in  Achnashcw. 
Donald  McDonald  Oig,  in  Ardinar. 
Finlay  McC'oil  Reach  Vic  Conchie  Oig,  in  Letterwhile  of  Kintail. 

Donald  Mcllae  furthur  maketh  oath  that  he  seed  Patrick  Grant, 
son  to  the  late  Glenmoriston,  with  the  saids  companies  of  High- 
landers ;  all  which  he  declares  to  be  truth,  as  he  shall  answer  to 
God,  and  declares  he  cannot  write  ;  and  further  maketh  oath  that 
he  seed  Kenneth  McConchy  Vic  Alister,  in  Ratigan  of  Glensheall, 
in  company  with  the  saids  Highlanders. 



The  following  version  of  the  Gaelic  poem  given  on  page  388 
was  sent  to  the  author  by  Mr  William  Mackay,  Craigmonie,  Inver- 
ness, but  it  was  too  late  to  be  included  in  Appendix  J.  It  was 
written  down  in  1877  by  a  well-known  Gaelic  scholar  and  poet, 
the  late  Mr  Farquhar  Macdonell,  of  Plockton,  Lochalsh,  and  sent 
by  him  to  the  Rev.  Alexander  Stewart,  LL.D.,  of  Nethet-Lochaber, 
by  whom  it  was  afterwards  sent  to  Mr  Mackay.  According  to  Mr 
Macdonell,  it  was  composed  immediately  after  the  burial  of  Mur- 
doch Macrae  in  Kilduich.  The  author  considers  this  the  best,  as 
it  is  also  the  most  complete,  of  several  versions  of  the  same  poem 
that  he  has  come  across  : — 

Deanam  na  marbhrainn  s'  as  ur 
Air  miann  suilean  Chloinn  'ic  Rath, 
Air  Murachadh  donna-gheal  mo  ruin 
A  bha  Ian  do  chliu  gun  chleith. 

A  dheagh  mhic  Alasdair  uir, 

Togamaid  do  chliu  an  tos, 

Sud  an  laoch  fo'n  robh  a'  mhuirn, 

'Shliochd  Fhearachair  nan  cuirt  's  nan  corn. 

Si  sealg  geamhraidh  Ghlinne-lic 
Chuir  greaun  oirn  gu  trie  'us  gruaim, 
M'  an  og  nach  robh  teann  's  a  bha  glic, 
Bhi  's  an  teampull  fo'n  lie  's  an  uaigh. 
Chiad  aoine  de  'n  gheamhradh  fhuar, 
'S  daor  a  phaigh  sinn  duais  na  sealg, 
An  t-og  bo  chraobhaiche  snuagh 
Na  aonar  bhuainn  'us  fhaotainn  marbh. 
Tional  na  sgire  gu  leir 
A  suibhal  sleibh  's  a  falbh  bheaun, 
Fad  sgios  nan  coig  latha  deug, 
'S  am  fear  dileas,  treun  air  chall. 


'S  turseach  do  clrinneadh  mor  deas, 
Ga  d'  shireadh  an  ear  's  an  iar, 
'S  an  tog  a  b'  ionmholta  beachd 
Hi  slios  glinne  marbh  'a  an  t-sliabh. 

Claim  'ic  Rath  nam  buailtean  bo 
Air  an  siarradh  gn  mor  mu  d'eug, 
Mu  d'  thoirt  as  a  blieatha  so  oim, 
Mhic  athair  nan  corn  's  nan  teud. 

'S  turseach  do  dheas  bhraithrean  graidh 
'S  am  parson  ge  hard  a  leugh, 
Thug  e,  go  tuigseach  a  cheaird, 
Barr  tuirse  air  each  gu  leir. 

Air  tlms  dhiubh  Donnachadh  nam  Pios, 
Gillecriosd  'us  dithis  na  chleir, 
Fearachar  agus  Ailean  Donn 
'S  Uisdean  a  tha  trom  do  dheigh. 

Bu  tusa  an  t-oclid  shlat  ghraidh 
Dh'ios  nam  braithrean  glana  coir, 
A'  nochd  gur  dosgach  an  cradh, 
Gu  'n  fhroiseadh  am  blath  dhiubh  og. 

Gur  tursach  do  cheud  blican  og, 
'S  flinch  frasach  na  deoir  le  gruaidh, 
I  'spionadh  a  fuilt  d'  a  deoin, 
Sior  chumha  nach  beo  do  shnuagh. 

Bhean  uasal  a  thug  dlmt  gaol, 
Nach  bi  chaoidh  na  h-uigneas  slan, 
'S  truagh  le  mo  chluasan  a  gaoir, 
Luaithead  's  a  sgaoil  an  t-aog  a  snaim. 

Bu  tu  'n  t-slat  eibhinn,  aluinn,  ur, 
Bu  mhiann  suil  's  bu  leanan  mna, 
A  ghnuis  an  robh  am  breac  seirc, 
Bha  cho  deas  air  thapadh  lamb. 
Bu  tu  marbhaich'  a  bhalla-bhric  bhain, 
Le  mordha  's  le  lau  chranu  geur, 
'S  le  cuilbheir  bhristeadh  tu  cnaimh, 
'S  bu  shilteach  'o  d'  laimh  na  feidh. 
Do  chul  buidh'  fainneach  ri  lie, 
Bha  ruthaidh,  's  e  gle  gheal,  dearg, 
'Ghnuis  an  robh  'n  gliocas  gun  cheilg, 
Air  nach  d'fhiosraicheadh  riamh  fearg. 
Chuala  mise  clarsach  theui, 
Fiodhall  'us  beus  a  cu-sheinu, 


'S  cha  chuala,  's  cha  chluinn  gu  brath, 
Ceol  a  b'fhearr  na  do  bheul  binn. 
'S  math  am  fear  rannsachaidh  'n  t-aog, 
Gur  maor  c  dh'iarras  gu  mean, 
Bheir  e  leis  an  t-og  gun  ghiamh, 
'S  fagaidh  e  fear  liath  bhios  sean. 
Bha  thu  fearail  aims  gach  ceum, 
Bu  bharant  thu  'n  deirce  bhochd, 
'S  tha  tlm  air  deas  laimh  do  Righ, 
Le  lughad  's  chuir  thu  'm  pris  an  t-olc. 
Tha  sluagh  taght'  aig  deagh  Mhac  Dhe, 
Gun  easbhuidh,  gun  fheum  air  ni, 
'S  tha  thus'  a  nis  'an  aoibhneas  mor, 
'An  cathair  cheoil  aig  Righ  nam  righ. 

THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  429 


Page  109.— Surgeon-General  Sir  William  Alexander  Mackiunon 
died  in  London  on  the  28th  of  October,  1897. 

Page  141. — Captain  Archibald  Macra  Chisholm  of  Glassburn 
died  on  the  19th  of  October,  1897. 

Page  158. — Colin  Macrae,  Camden,  South  Carolina,  lineal 
representative  of  the  Macraes  of  Conchra,  died  on  the  20th  of 
September,  1898.  He  was  succeeded  as  representative  of  that 
family  by  his  brother, 

Duncan  Macrae  of  Karnes  Castle,  who  died  on  the  14th  of 
December,  1898,  and  was  buried  on  the  21st  at  Kilduich,  his 
clansmen  in  Kintail  making  his  funeral  the  occasion  for  a  remark- 
able display  of  clan  sentiment  and  loyalty.     His  eldest  son, 

Stewart  Macrae  (page  158),  of  Newark -on-Trent,  is  now  lineal 
representative  of  the  Macraes  of  Conchra. 

Page  281. — In  addition  to  the  marriage  of  Alexander  Macrae 
and  Agnes  Gordon,  there  appears  also  to  be  some  record  of  a 
marriage,  about  the  same  time,  between  a  William  Macrae  and 
a  Thomasine  Gordon  of  Carleton.  It  is  not  impossible,  however, 
that  a  confusion  of  names  may  have  occurred  with  regard  to  one 
and  the  same  marriage. 




Page  67       - 

line       2 

Comma  after  property. 

„      67       - 


Read  has. 

„      69       - 


,     VIII. 

„      84       - 

»       17 

,     untimely. 

„      87      - 

„       25  (last) 

,     farther. 

„    193       - 

„         1  of  footnote  2 

,     Ghobha. 

„    269       - 




,     Loudon. 

„    282       - 




,     Herdman. 

„    283       - 


,     Dunnay. 

„    284       - 

„       19 

,     Georgiana. 

„    335       - 

>.       12 

,     Mantuanus. 

„    383       - 


,     Mr  William  Mackenzie. 

Map. — Achyar' 

;,  inadverte 


left  out 

m  preparation  of  block  foi 

map,  is  at  the  foot  of  Glenlic. 



Alberoni,  Cardinal,  355. 

Alva,  James  Erskine,  Lord,  239. 

Archers,  Macrae,  10,  300,  414,  417. 

Ardintoul  MS.,  44,  72. 

Argyll,  Earls  of,  369. 

Athole,  Earls  of,  3G9. 

Ath  nam  Muileaeh,  Affair  of,  81,  124,  125,  133,  358,  423. 

Badenoch,  Wolf  of,  4. 

Bain,  Alexander,  of  Inchvanie,  187. 

Barlow,  Colonel  Frederick,  marriage  and  descendants,  267. 

Barrow,  Dr  Robert,  of  Aberdeen,  142. 

Battle  of  Assaye,  191. 

Auldearn,  68,  187,  336,  353. 
„        Banuockburn,  353. 
,,         Bealach  Glasleathaid,  19. 
,,         Blar  na  leine,  29. 
„        Brandywine,  267. 
Cailleach  Rock,  42. 
Cat's  Back,  20. 
Culloden,  361. 
„         Drumderfit,  334. 

El  Hamet,  220,  222. 
Flodden,  353. 
,,         Fredericksburg,  254. 

Glensheil,  77,  133,  180,  357,  407. 
,,         Inverlochy,  85. 
„        Langside,  353. 
„         Leac  na  falla,  39. 
Malvern  Hill,  254. 
Maida,  222. 
Park,  17,  295. 
Philiphaugh,  281. 
Pinkie,  35.3. 
„         Ream's  Station,  254. 
Salamanca,   137,  268, 


Battle  of  Sheriffinuir,  11,  77,  123,  132,  153,  182,  198,  209,  242, 
256,  318,  319,  325,  354,  408. 
,,        Talavera,  270. 
„        Waterloo,  140. 
„         Worcester,  63,  160,  354. 
Bayne,  Janet,  of  Knockbain,  72. 

Bethime  or  Beton,  Eev.  Johu,  of  Glensheil,  163,  360,  368. 
Bissett  or  Bizet  of  Lovat,  289,  332. 
Blythman's  Ford,  Skirmish  at,  195. 
Bogle,  William  Lockliart,  39,  108,  221. 
Branoker,  William  Hill,  of  Athline,  219. 
Burial  of  Chiefs  of  Kintail,  8. 
Burns,  Robert,  239. 
Bursary,  The  Macra,  74. 
Campbell,  Rev.  Alexander,  of  Croy,  106. 

Rev.  Patrick,  of  Killearnan,  106. 
Campbells  of  Craignish,  6,  341. 
Cameron,  Sir  Eweu,  of  Loehiel,  90. 

Carey,  Rev.  Cartaret  Priaulx,  marriage  and  descendants,  277. 
Carter,  Colonel  Chilton  Lambton,  marriage  and  family,  269. 
Ceilidh,  The,  286. 
Chalmers,  Rev.  Thomas,  D.D.,  113. 
Chisholm,  Alister  Dubh,  25. 

„         Archibald,  of  Fasnakyle,  135. 

„         Captain  Archibald  Macra,  141,  3S2. 

„         Dr  Stewart,  140. 
The,  78,  92,  307. 
Claim  Ian  Charrich  Macraes,  22,  23,  214,  290. 
Chines,  formerly  Home  of  Macraes,  289. 
Coille  Bhan,  Affair  of  the,  359. 
Coinneach  Odhar,  the  Brahan  Seer,  31. 
Coll  Ban  of  Barisdale,  327. 

Colquhoun,  John,  Author  of  The  Moor  and  the  Loch,  119,  122. 
Contract  of  Friendship  with  Campbells  of  Craignish,  6,  341. 
Covenant,  The  National,  143. 

„         The  Solemn  League  and,  143. 
Cratach  Mac  Gilligorm,  334. 
Cumberland,  Duke  of,  329,  361. 
Currie,  The  Very  Rev.  Edward  Reid,  D.D.,  Dean  of  Battle,  103. 

„      Sir  Frederick  Larkins,  Bart.,  118. 
Daphne,  Launching  of,  129. 
Dean  of  Lismore's  Book,  3,  3 10. 
De  Butts,  Major-General  John  Cromie  Blackwood,  marriage  and 

descendants,  272. 
De  Sausmarez,  Captain  Philip,  R.N.,  marriage  and  descendants, 

Dewar,  Rev.  Neil,  of  Kingussie,  184. 

raa  history  of  the  clan  macrae.       433 

Dick,  David,  buys  Glenshcil,  218. 

Dingwall,  Introduction  of  Presbyterian  Minister  to,  71. 

,,         Presbytery  Records  of,  64,  144. 

„         School  first  opened  in,  71. 
Dingwall,  Roderick,  of  Ussie,  75. 
Disruption  of  Church  of  Scotland  in  18-43,  367. 
Donnachadh  Mor  Mac  Alister,  198,  312. 
Dounachadh  Mor  na  Tuagh,  10,  16,  295. 
Donnachadh  nam  Pios,  87,  391,  395. 
Douglas,  Dr  A.  Halliday,  marriage  and  descendants,  113. 
Downie,  Rev.  Alexander,  D.D.,  of  Lochalsh,  112. 
Dutch  Colonel,  The  Tradition  of  the,  357. 
Eas  nan  arm,  357. 
Eigg,  Monastery  of,  349. 
Elder,  Rev.  Robert,  D.D.,  105. 
Eliot,  Colonel  George  Augustus,  275. 
Ellandonan  Castle,  7,  22,  25,  58,  63,  195,  293,  351,  355. 
Elycht,  Fair  of,  44. 
Emigration  from  Kintail,  362,  366. 
Eonachan  Dubh,  210,  320. 
Farquhar  Mac  an  t'  Shagairt,  Earl  of  Ross,  350. 
Fearachar  Mac  Ian  Oig,  187,  307,  383. 
Fearn  Abbey,  350. 
Fernaig  Manuscript,  66,  88,  391. 
Fionnla  Dubh  Mac  Gillechriosd,  14. 
Fionnla  Dubh  nam  Fiadh,  35,  29S. 
Fionnla  Dubh  nan  Saighead,  416. 
Fionnla  Mor  nan  Gad,  291. 
Fionnla  nan  Gobhar,  225. 
Fitzgerald,  Colin,  4,  104,  288. 
Forbes,  Sir  John,  Bart,  of  Craigievar,  282. 
Forfeited  Estates  Commissioners,  357,  376. 
Forteath,  Colonel  Frederick  Prescott,  105. 
Fortrose,  16,  36,  57. 
Fortrose  Grammar  School,  53,  76. 
Four  Johns  of  Scotland,  153. 
Fraser  of  Achnagaim,  103. 

„        Belladrum,  162. 
Gairloch,  9,  19,  53,  54,  330,  410. 
Gillanders,  Alexander,  179,  372. 

„  Earls  of  Ross,  3,  7. 

Gilleoin  na  h'  Airde,  3. 
Gilleoin  na  Tuagh,  288. 

Gilstrap,  Sir  William,  Bart,  of  Fornham  Park,  159. 
Glencairn,  Earl  of,  239. 
Glenelg  Barracks,  360. 
Glengarry,  Feud  between  Kintail  and,  33,  298,  353. 



Glenlic  Hunt,  The,  84,  310,  388,  426. 
Glenmoriston.  Grant  of,  38,  78,  218,  358. 
Glensheil,  Ministers  of,  368. 

Parish  of,  348,  360. 
Gordon,  Earls  of  Huntly,  16,  353,  370. 
„        of  Carleton,  281. 
of  Earlston,  281. 

,,        of  Embo,  16. 

„        Sir  Robert,  Author  of  The  Earls  of  Sutherland,  16,  17. 
Grant  of  Glenmoriston,  38,  78,  218. 
„      of  Dundreggan,  218,  221. 
„      of  Shewglie,  218. 
Gregory,  or  Grig,  son  of  Dungal,  2,  338. 
Hastings,  Marquis  of,  137,  269. 
Harvie,  Professor  Thomas,  of  Glasgow,  282. 
Hawes,  Captain  Edward  William,  R.N.,  228. 
Hay,  Sir  George,  Earl  of  Kinnoull,  54. 
Hogg,  Rev.  Thomas,  of  Kiltearn,  143. 
Huntly,  Alexander  Gordon,  Earl  of,  16,  353. 
Ian  a  Chragain  of  Glenmoriston,  218,  358. 
Ian  Breac  Mac  Mhaighster  Fearachar,  170,  303,  385. 
Ian  Mac  a  Ghobha,  193,  405. 

Ian  Mac  Fhionnla  Mhic  Ian  Bhuidhe  and  his  descendants,  256. 
Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh,  81,  193,  363,  402. 
Ian  Mor  a  Chasteil  of  Glenmoriston,  38. 
Ian  Mor  Mac  Mhaighster  Fionnla,  324. 
Innes,  Florence,  of  Balnain,  145. 
Inverinate,  Macraes  Settle  at,  30. 
Johnson,  Dr  Samuel,  135. 
Kenmure,  Viscount,  281. 
Kennedy,  John,  of  Underwood,  marriage  and  descendants,  119. 

„         Rev.  John,  D.D.,  of  Dingwall,  125. 
Kenneth,  Founder  of  the  House  of  Kintail,  352,  373. 
Kinlochluichart,  179. 
Kintail,  Chiefs  of,  373. 

„        Church  Destroyed,  77,  356. 

„        Emigration  from,  362,  366. 
Macraes  Settle  in,  6,  288. 

„        Ministers  of,  367. 

„        New  Statistical  Account,  365. 

„        Old  Statistical  Account,  362. 
Parish  of,  348. 

„        Population  at  Various  Periods,  368. 

,,        Prosperity  in,  364. 

Rent  Question  in,  189,  362. 

„        Schools  in,  365. 

„       Social  Condition  of,  65,  362,  364,  366, 


Kintail,  Sold  by  Seaforth,  365. 

The  Black  Chanter  of,  381. 
The  Men  of,  348. 
„       Whig  Influences  in,  355. 
Kintail  in  Sutherland,  16,  304. 
Kylerea,  Sea  Fight  at,  41. 
Laing,  Samuel,  M.P.,  118. 
Larach,  Tigh  Mine  Dhomhmiill,  28. 
Larach,  Tigh  Mhic  Rath,  5. 
Le  Mesurier,  General  William,  267. 
Lews,  The  Rev.  Farquhar  Macrae's  Visit  to,  57. 

„      Conquered  by  Lord  Kintail,  56. 
Lindesay,  David,  Bishop  of  Ross,  54. 

„         Tatrick,  Bishop  of  Ross,  60. 
Loban,  sumamed  Gilligorm,  334. 
Lochiel,  90,  218,  304,  315. 
Londonderry,  Siege  of,  261. 
Loudon,  Earl  of,  137,  269. 
Lovat,  Simon,  Lord,  360. 

„     Lords  of,  5,  29,  289,  335,  371. 
Macbeaths,  The,  of  Gairloch,  412. 
Macbeolans,  The,  7,  352. 
Macdonald,  Angus  Og,  of  Glengarry,  40. 
„  Captain  Ronald,  219. 

„  Donald  Gorm,  of  Sleat,  25,  177,  353. 

„  Finlay,  of  Drudaig,  234. 

„  John  (Ian  Lorn),  Poet,  85. 

of  Balranald,  227. 
of  Glengarry,  40,  198,  298. 
of  Leek,  329. 
„  Rev.  Archibald,  Author  of  History  of  Clan  Donald,  100. 

„  Sir  Alexander,  of  Sleat  329. 

Sir  Donald,  of  Sleat,  36. 
Macdougall  of  Ardentrive,  108. 

„  of  Lunga,  219. 

Mac  Gillechriosd,  Duncan  (1),  25. 
„  Duncan  (2),  38. 

Macgregor,  Rob  Roy,  355. 
Macguire,  Hugh,  236,  240. 
Macintyre,  Dr  Duncan,  205. 
Mackay,  Dr  Charles  Gordon,  227. 
Mackenzie,  Agnes,  of  Kincraig,  145. 

„         Ancient  MS.  History  of  the  Clan,  43. 
,,         Anne,  of  Torridon,  94. 
,,         Captain  Donald  George,  106. 

„         Captain     Kenneth,    of      Kerrisdale,      marriage     and 
descendants,  114. 


Mackenzie,  Florence,  of  Cullen,  96. 

„  George,  Earl  of  Cromartie,  62. 

Hector  Hoy,  of  Gairloch,  9,  22. 
Isabel,  of  Ballone,  156. 
John  Roy,  of  Gairloch,  54,  412. 
„  Major  Colin  John,  111. 

„  Major-General  Colin,  111. 

,,  Margaret,  of  Redcastle,  70. 

Mrs,  of  Abbotsford  Park,  106. 
„  of  Allangrange,  Chief  of  the  Mackenzies,  375. 

of  Applecross,  48,  73,  174,  371. 
,,  of  Clean  waters,  191. 

of  Coul,  187. 
,,  of  Culdrein,  174. 

of  Cullen,  96. 

of  Dochmaluak,  62,  70,  98,  174,  371,  372. 
of  Gairloch,  174. 
of  Hilton,  80,  153,  161,  172. 
,,         of  Lentran,  168. 
of  Pitlundie,  125. 
of  Redcastle,  70,  370,  371. 
of  Torridon,  94,  168,  372. 
„         Rev.  Alexander,  LL.D.,  of  Kingussie,  101. 
Rev.  Colin,  of  St  Ninian's,  229. 
Rev.  Lachlan,  of  Lochcarron,  226,  229,  408. 
,,         Simon,  of  Lochslin,  62. 

Sir  Dougal,  26,  177. 
,,         Sir  George,  of  Rosehaugh,  62. 
,,         Surgeon-Major  Gilbert  Proby,  106. 
Mackillican,  Rev.  John,  of  Fodderty,  143. 
Mackinnon,  Florence,  of  Comechatachau,  152. 

,,  Lachlan,  of  Corriechatachan,  marriage  and  descend- 

ants, 108. 
,,  Neil,  of  Borreraig,  182. 

,'  „  Professor,  quoted,  90. 

Rev.  Donald,  D.D.,  of  Strath,  108. 
Rev.  Neil,  of  Creich,  181. 
Sir  William  Alexander,  K.C.B.,  109,  429. 
Maclauchlan,  Ewen,  the  Gaelic  Poet,  131. 
Maclean,  Dr  William  Henry,  228. 

Lachlan,  of  Lochbuy,  18,  297. 
Rev.  John,  of  Kintail,  168. 
Macleans,  Ancestor  of,  3,  288. 
Macleans  and  Macraes  of  same  Origin,  4. 
Maclennan,  Domhnull  Buidhe,  336. 

„  Ewen,  of  Killelan,  marriage  and  descendants,  220. 

„  Rev.  Duncan,  of  Laggan,  184,  206. 


Maelennans  of  Kintail,  336. 
Maclcod,  Janet,  of  Raasay  (1),  93. 
Janet,  of  Raasay  (2),  135. 
John,  of  Raasay  (Ian  Garbh),  93. 
Kenneth,  of  Arnisdale,  182. 
of  Assynt,  327. 
of  Dnnvegan,  329. 
of  Raasay,  93,  135,  175. 
Macmaster,  Rev.  Donald,  of  Kildalton,  203. 
Macpherson,  Donald,  of  Eigg,  184. 

Macqucen,  Rev.  John,  of  Applecross,  marriage  and  descendants,  102. 
Macra,  Alexander,  of  Hushinish,  139. 
Archibald,  of  Ardintoul,  135. 
Colonel  Sir  John,  12,  136. 
Macrae,  Alexander,  Author  of  Book  on  Deer  Stalking,  204! 

Alexander,  Founder  of  the  Macra  Bursary,  74. 

Alexander,  of  Inverinate,  69,  369,  418,  422. 

Alexander,  Writer,  Fortrose,  16.       ^s^ 

Archers,  10,  300,  414,  417. 

Bailie  Harry,  of  Dingwall,  146. 

Captain  Christopher  Alexander,  of  Kirksheaf,  213. 

Captain  Duncan,  of  Inverinate,  98. 

Captain  James,  of  Conchra,  156. 

Captain  James,  of  Holmains,  240. 

Captain  James,  of  Houston,  240. 

Captain  John,  of  Conchra,  156. 

Chamberlains  of  Kintail,  8,  363. 

Christopher,  Constable  of  Ellandonan,  24. 

Christopher,  of  Aryugan,  123. 

Christopher,  of  Glenmore,  229. 

Colin  George  (of  Inverinate),  W.S.,  121,  422. 

Colin,  of  Demerara,  116. 

Colonel  Kenneth,  of  Inverinate,  101. 

Constables  of  Ellandonan,  8,  24,  58. 

Councillor  Alexander,  190,  193. 

Dr  Alexander  Charles,  117. 

Dr  Donald,  of  Beckenham,  230. 

Dr  Donald,  of  Council  Bluffs,  232. 

Dr  Farquhar,  of  Alness,  180. 

Dr  Farquhar,  of  Inverinate,  104. 

Dr  Farquhar,  of  London,  194,  405. 

Dr  John  Farquhar,  207. 

Dr  John,  H.E.I.C.S.  (1),  102. 

Dr  John,  H.E.I.C.S.  (2),  103. 

Dr  John,  of  Auchtcrtyre,  175. 

Donald  Og,  195. 

Duncan,  of  Balnain,  148,  165. 


Macrae,  Duncan,  of  Corriedhomhain,  325. 

Duncan,  of  Inverinate  (Donnachadh  nam  Pios),  87. 

Duncan,  of  Kamcs  Castle,  158,  429. 

Episcopalians,  11,  260. 

Farquhar,  of  Inverinate,  97. 

Finlay,  of  Duilig,  180. 

General  William,  of  Wilmington,  253. 

Governor  James,  of  Madras,  190,  235. 

Horatio  Ross,  of  Chines,  13,  120. 

Jacobites,  11. 

James,  of  Balnain,  146. 

John  Alexander,  of  Niagara  Falls,  167. 

John  Anthony  (of  Inverinate),  120,  422. 

John  Breac,  170,  303,  364. 

John,  the  Gaelic  Poet  (Ian  Mac  Mhurachaidh),  81,  193 

363,  402. 
John,  of  Conchra,  153. 
John,  Schoolmaster  of  Sleat,  183. 
John,  solicitor,  Dingwall,  192. 
Lieutenant  Christopher,  of  Torlysich,  221. 
Lieutenant  Colin  William,  159,  381. 
Lieutenant  Farquhar,  128. 
Lieutenant  Farquhar,  of  Torlysich,  222. 
Lieutenant-Colonel  Roderick,  207. 
Major  Colin,  of  Conchra,  157. 
Major  James  Andrew,  228. 
Maurice,  of  Achyuran,  199. 
Meaning  and  Origin  of  Name,  1. 
Murdoch,  hanged  in  Inverness,  329. 
Murdoch,  of  Balnain,  147. 
Murdoch  of  Kinbeachie,  150. 
of  Holmains,  240. 
of  Houston,  240. 
of  Kirksheaf,  213. 
Rev.  Alexander,  Clachan,  203. 
Rev.  Alexander,  Founder  of  the  Roman  Catholic  Mission 

in  Kintail,  72,  367. 
Rev.  Alexander,  of  Crown  Court,  184. 
Rev.  David,  of  Dundee,  245. 
Rev.  David,  of  Oban  and  Glasgow,  243. 
Rev.  Donald,  last  Episcopalian  Minister  of  Kintail,  76. 
Rev.  Donald,  of  Lairg,  197. 
Rev.  Donald,  of  Lochalsh,  189. 
Rev.  Donald,  of  Melbourne,  231. 
Rev.  Donald,  of  Poolewe  and  Kilmory,  231. 
Rev.  Donald,  of  Urray  and  Kintail,  64,  160. 
Rev.  Duncan  Mackenzie,  of  Lochearnhead,  151. 


Macrae,  Rev.  Duncan,  of  Glenshcil,  206. 
Rev.  Duncan,  of  Woodgreen,  232. 
Rev.  Farquhar,  of  Glenorchy,  204. 
Rev.  'Farquhar,  of  Kmtail,  52. 
Rev.  Farquliar,  of  Knockbain,  130. 
Rev.  Farquhar,  of  Manitoba,  129. 
Rev.  Finlay,  of  Lochalsh,  4G. 
Rev.  Finlay,  of  North  Uist,  226. 
Rev.  Isaac  Vandenheuvel,  118. 
Rev.  James  Duncan,  of  Contin,  129. 
Rev.  James,  of  Sauchieburn,  242. 
Rev.  John,  Account  of  Origin  of  Macraes,  331. 
Rev.  John  Farquhar,  of  Melbourne,  232. 
Rev.  John,  Aberfeldy,  230. 
Rev.  John,  of  Dingwall  (1),  142,  152,  371.  ) 
Rev.  John,  of  Dingwall  (2),  70. 
Rev.  John,  of  Glenelg,  107. 
Rev.  John,  of  Glenshcil,  105. 
Rev.  John,  of  Knockbain,  200. 
Rev.  John,  tutor  to  Colin,  first  Earl  of  Seaforth,  44. 
Sergeant  Alexander,  191. 
Sergeant  John,  219. 
Stewart  (of  Conchra),  158,  429. 
Surgeon-Major  Alexander,  228. 
Vicars  of  Kmtail,  8,  58,  76,  160. 
Macraes,  Affair  of  the,  344. 

and  the  Lords  of  Lovat,  5,  29,  290,  335. 

connected  with  the  Mackenzies  and  the  Macleans,  4,  228. 

Country  of  the,  1. 

Migration  to  Kintail,  4,  6,  288,  335. 

Legends  and  Traditions  of  the,  286. 

MS.  History  of  the,  12,  72. 

in  Ayr,  4,  235. 

in  Badenoch,  184. 

in  Galloway,  281. 

in  Glenurquhart,  5,  335. 

in  Perthshire,  4,  339. 

of  Achnagart,  290. 

of  Ardintoul,   133. 

of  Auchtertyre,  174. 

of  Camusluinie,  165,  168. 

of  Carr,  184. 

of  Conchra,  152,  371,  429. 

of  Drudaig,  162. 

of  Inverinate,  30,  69,  97. 

of  Torlysich,  214. 

of  Wilmington,  U.S.A.,  248. 


Macraes,  The  Black,  24,  186. 
The  Fair,  24. 
„        Tradition  of  Coming  to  Kintail,  288. 
MacRae-Gilstrap,  Captain  John,  of  Ballimore,  12,  136,  158. 
Macraith  the  Wise,  2. 
Macrath,  Alastair  Liath,  410. 

Domhnull  Odhar,  10,  415. 
„        Ian  Liath,  412. 
„        Maurice,  288. 
McCrae,  Andrew  Murison,  W.S.,  284. 
„       Captain  Alexander,  283. 
„        (or  Macrae),  of  Glenlair,  281. 
„       William  Gordon,  marriage  and  descendants,  282. 
McCrea,  Admiral  John  Dobree,  272. 

Admiral  Robert  Contart,  270. 
„        Captain  James,  271. 

Captain  Ravdon  (1),  269. 
Captain  Rawdon  (2),  271. 
Captain  Richard  Charles,  271. 
„        Captain  Robert  Bradford,  275. 
,,        Colonel  John,  262. 

Jane,  "The  Bride  of  Fort  Edward,"  264. 
,,        Lieutenant  Alfred  Coryton,  272. 
Lieutenant  Herbert  Taylor,  280. 
„        Major  Frederick  Bradford,  275. 
„        Major  Robert,  of  Guernsey,  267. 
„        Major  Richard  Francis,  272. 
„        Major-General  Robert  Barlow,  270. 
„        Rev.  James,  261. 
,,        Surgeon-Major  John  Frederick,  280. 
McCreas  of  Guernsey,  259. 
Marischal,  Earl,  282,  355. 

Matheson,  Alexander,  shipowner,  Dornie,  48,  208,  287. 
„         Dr  Farquhar,  of  London,  49. 
„         John  Dubh,  of  Fernaig,  26,  30. 
of  Attadale,  125,  175. 
of  Fernaig,  125,  315. 
„         of  Lochalsh,  354. 

,,         Sir  Alexander,  Bart,  of  Lochalsh  and  Ardross,  125. 
„         Sir  Kenneth  James,  Bart,  of  Lochalsh,  125. 
Mavor,  Ivan  Ingram,  180. 

„      Rev.  James,  180. 
Maxwell,  John,  Bishop  of  Ross,  61. 

„         Sir  William,  Bart,  of  Cardouess,  120. 
Melbourne  Argus,  The,  109,  112. 
Middleton,  General,  70,  354. 
Miller,  Captain  David,  of  Pow,  227. 


Moira,  Earl  of,  137,  269,  277. 

Moncrieff,  Robert  Scott,  marriage  and  descendants,  113. 

Monk,  General,  in  Kintail,  31,  63,  354. 

Montrose,  The  Marquis  of,  85,  281,  353. 

Moray,  Randolph  Earl  of,  352. 

Morrison,  Rev.  Roderick,  of  Kintail,  114. 

Muireaeh  Feal,  Tradition  of,  305. 

Munro,  Donald,  of  Lealty,  105. 

„      of  Fowlis,  72,  172,  260,  370. 
Murray,  Mungo,  of  St  Andrews,  142. 
Murchison,  Colonel  Donald,  358,  360. 
„  John,  of  Auchtertyre,  153. 

„  John,  Reader  of  Kintail,  56. 

„  Murdoch,  Vicar  of  Kintail,  56. 

Murthlac,  Monastery  of,  351. 
Nicol,  Bailie  Thomas,  of  Dingwall,  192. 
Ogilvy,  Oliver,  cattle-lifter,  44. 
Ormonde,  Duke  of,  355. 
Or  na  h'  aoine,  The  Charm  of,  92. 
Patrick,  Robert  William  Cochran,  M.P.,  119. 
Payne,  Sir  Charles,  Bart.,  275. 
Perrins,  Charles  William  Dyson,  of  Ardross,  101. 
Pitsligo,  Lord  Forbes  of,  282. 
Poetry,  The,  of  the  Macraes,  383. 
Poulter,  Brownlow,  marriage  and  family,  274. 
Population  of  Kintail  and  Glensheil,  368. 
Presbyterians  in  Kintail,  360. 
Preparis,  78th  Highlanders  shipwrecked  on,  222. 
Prince  Charles  Edward  Stuart,  210,  361. 
Ramsay,  Sir  George,  Bart,  241. 
Randolph  Earl  of  Moray,  352. 
Rent  Rolls  of  Kintail  and  Glensheil,  376. 
Roman  Catholic  Mission  in  Kintail,  73,  367. 
Ross,  Donald,  of  Knockartie,  146. 

„     Earls  of,  3,  352. 

„     Edward   Charles  Russell,    winner   of  the  Queen's  Prize  at 
Wimbledon,  117. 

„     Horatio,  of  Rossie  and  Wyvis,  117. 

„     Major  John,  of  Tilliscorthy,  113. 

„     of  Easter  Fearn,  358. 
Royal  Lineage  of  Certain  Macrae  Families,  369. 
Russell,  Rev.  Alexander  Eraser  of  Kilmodan,  marriage    and  de- 
scendants, 105. 
„       Rev.  James,  of  Gairloch,  231. 
„       Rev.  John  Munro,  of  Cape  Town,  105. 
„       Sir  James  Alexander,  105. 
Sackville,  Lord  George,  361. 


St  Bercban,  2,  338. 

St  Columba,  349. 

St  Congan,  349. 

St  Cyricus,  339. 

St  Donan,  349. 

St  Donort,  351. 

St  Duthac,  350. 

St  Fillan,  291,  350. 

St  Finnan,  336. 

St  Hilary,  of  Poictiers,  335. 

St  Oran,  349. 

St  Patrick,  2. 

Seaforth,  Earls  of,  374. 

Seaforth  Regiments,  11,  343. 

Scots  and  Picts,  Chronicles  of,  339. 

Sheiling,  The,  365. 

Shirt  of  Mail,  Mackenzie's,  8. 

Sian,  The  Charm  of  the,  409. 

Skene,  Dr  William  Forbes,  12,  338. 

Solemn  League  and  Covenant,  143. 

Somerset,  Susan  Margaret,  Duchess  of,  112. 

Spanish  Ammunition  Destroyed  at  Loch  na  Corr,  356. 

Stewart,  Captain  William,  of  Ensay,  175, 

„       Major-General  David,  of  Garth,  220,  345,  346. 
John,  of  Ensay,  175,  219. 
of  Garth,  158,  175. 

„       of  Laskintyre,  218. 

„       Rev.  Alexander,  of  Cromarty,  201. 
Strathglass,  25,  29,  30,  305. 

Taylor,  Rev.  Haydon  Aldersey,  marriage  and  family,  274. 
Tobacco,  Price  of,  45. 

Tolmie,  Rev.  John  William,  of  Contin,  100. 
Torrens,  Sir  Henry,  K.C.B.,  277. 
Tuach,  George,  146. 
Tullibardine,  Marquis  of,  355. 
Vandenheuvel  Family,  116. 
Wade,  General,  359,  360. 
Walker,  Rev.  George,  of  Londonderry,  261. 
West,  Benjamin,  104,  348. 
Wheeler,  J.  Talboys,  238,  240. 
Wightman,  Major-General,  357. 
Winans,  W.  L.,  203. 



Page  80,  line  4  from  bottom — 

(a)  Alexander,  son  of  Colin,  married  Janet  Mackay, 
Avernish,  with  issue.  Isabel  married  John  Macrae 
Camusluinie,  without  issue,  and  Mary  married  John 
Macrae,  Ardelve,  with  issue  as  mentioned  on  p.  166 
11.  12,  13,  14. 

(6)  Flora  married  Duncan  Macrae,  Camusluinie, 
without  issue. 

(c)  Isabel  married  Farquhar  Macrae,  Kintail,  with 
issue,  and  went  to  America. 

(rf)  Janet  married  John  Macrae,  Sallachy,  with  issue, 
and  went  to  Canada. 

(e)  Margaret  married  Donald  Macrae,  blacksmith, 
Ardelve,  with  issue,  and  went  to  Canada. 

Page  102,  for  the  Descendants  of  the   Rev.  John   Macqueen 
and  Jean  Macrae,  read  as  follows : — 

a.  Son  died  young. 

b.  Mary  died  unmarried  in  1871. 

c.  Donald  Juhn,  born  in  1786.  Ensign  in  the  74th 
Highlanders  1800;  Lieutenant  1803;  Captain  1810 ; 
Major  1830.  Served  in  the  Peninsular  War,  and  was 
wounded  seven  times.  He  was  a  Knight  of  the  Order  of 
Hanover,  and  a  Military  Knight  of  Windsor.  He  married 
Mary  Bliss,  daughter  of  the  Honourable  Judge  Bliss  of 
Fredericton,  New  Brunswick,  and  died  in  1865,  with  issue. 

ex.  John,  Lieutenant  in  the  60th  Rifles,  died  young 
in  India. 

ca.  Sarah  Jean,  married  first  David  Reid  with 
issue:— (1)  Mary  died  in  childhood.      (2)  Donald  Norman 

446  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

married  first  Emana  Pugh  with  issue — (a)  Mary,  born 
1871,  who  married  Farquhar  Mackinnon  of  Kyle  with  issue, 
Flora,  John,  Donald,  Sheila  ;  (b)  Jessie,  born  1872,  married 
Ross  Palmer  with  issue,  Mary,  Jessie,  Dorothy,  Eileen, 
Donald  Horsley  ;  (c)  Donald  James,  born  1873,  married. 
Donald  Norman  Reid  married,  secondly,  Lilian  Wright 
with  issue  (d)  Florence,  born  1878,  married  Denis  Calnan, 
Indian  Civil  Service;  (e)  Norman  born  1881  ;  David  born 
1884.  (3)  John  Alexander,  born  1844,  died  unmarried  in 
India,  1883.  (4)  Catherine  Barbara,  born  1846,  died 
1865.  Sarah  Jean  married,  secondly,  Hugh  Bliss  John- 
ston, son  of  the  Honourable  Hugh  Johnston  of  St  John, 
New  Brunswick,  with  issue.  (5)  Hugh,  born  1856,  died 
unmarried  in  India,  1889.  (6)  Harriet,  born  1858.  (7) 
George,  born  i860,  M.D.  of  Edinburgh  University, 
Physician  in  London,  married  Alice  Merryweather  with 
issue  (a)  Hugh  Kenneth  born  1886,  Alec  Leith  born  1889 

03.  George  Bliss,  Captain  in  the  60th  Rifles,  and 
afterwards  in  the  51st  King's  Own  Light  Infantry,  served 
in  the  Indian  Mutiny,  married,  without  issue. 

04.  Minnie,  died  young. 

C5.  Madeline,  married  James  Grant,  with   issue   (1) 
Donald,  married  with  issue  ;  (2)  Margaret ;  (3)  James. 
c6.  Frances  Anne. 

d.  Archibald,  died  unmarried  in  1872. 

e.  Jean,  died  unmarried. 

/.  Elizabeth,  married  Alexander  Sutherland,  and  died 
without  issue  in  1879. 

g.  Kenneth,  Surgeon  H.E.I.C.S.,  married  Margaret 
Bairnsfather,  without  surviving  issue,  and  died  in  1879. 

h.  Jessie,  married  Major  Milne,  without  surviving 

i.  Farquhar,  Captain  in  the  Indian  Navy,  married 
Maria  Shuttleworth,  with  issue — Farquhar. 

k.  Maria,  married  Colonel  Campbell,  R.A.,  with  issue. 

/.  David,  died  young. 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  447 

Page  103,  for  the  Descendants  of  Georgina  Macrae  and 
Edward  Currie,  read  as  follows : — 

e.  Georgina  married  at  Patna,  Bengal,  on  the  3rd 
March,  1831,  Edward  Currie,  who  died  at  Ticehurst, 
Sussex,  8th  January,  1889.  Georgina  died  at  Boulogne! 
16th  April,  i860,  leaving  issue— 

si.  Helen  Eliza,  born  7th  July,  1832,  died  24th 
August,  1833. 

«2.  Georgina,  born  14th  July,  1834,  married  14th 
April,  1859,  Sir  Augustus  Rivers  Thompson,  who  died  at 
Gibraltar,  29th  November,  1890.  She  died  in  London, 
13th  December,  1892,  with  issue— (1)  Ruth,  born 
nth  October,  1864,  married  15th  November,  1888, 
Richard  Arthur  Bosanquet,  with  issue  —  Arthur 
Rivers,  born  12th  July,  1890;  Cecily  Ruth,  born 
25th  September,  1892 ;  Raymond  Francis,  born  3rd 
September,  1895.  (2)  Dora  Georgina,  born  28th  Septem- 
ber, 1866,  married  18th  June,  1891,  Colin  McLean,  with 
issue— Lachlan,  born  29th  September,  1892;  Eila  Beatrice, 
born  3rd  January,  1894  5  Mona  Rivers,  born  13th  March! 
1895  ;  Dora  Elizabeth,  born  9th  July,  1899.  (3)  Rachel 
Mary,  born  26th  November,  1868,  married  3rd  October, 
1899,  the  Rev.  Arthur  Davis.  (4)  Bertha,  born  18th 
July,  1870. 

«3.  Eliza  Fredrica,  born  at  Cobham  2nd  October, 
1835;  married  10th  January,  1857,  George  William 
Moultrie  of  the  Bank  of  Bengal.  He  died  at  Surbiton, 
Surrey,  12th  February,  1904,  leaving  issue— (1)  James 
Edward,  born  16th  November,  1858;  married  31st 
October,  1898,  Ethel  Mowbray  Fergusson,  with  issue- 
Frederick  James  Fergusson,  born  26th  August,  1899  ! 
Lionel  Geoffrey  Fergusson,  born  9th  June,  1901.  (2; 
Amy  Frederica,  born  20th  August,  i860;  married  27th 
November,  1879,  the  Right  Rev.  Louis  George  Mylne, 
D.D.,   Oxford,  late  Bishop   of  Bombay,   now  Rector  of 

448  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Alvechurch,  Worcestershire,  with  issue — Edward  Graham, 
born  19th  January,  1883 ;  Alan  Moultrie,  born  2nd  Janu- 
ary, 1886  ;  Ronald  Heathcote,  28th  June,  1887  ;  Kenneth 
Macnaughton,  born  15th  May,  1890  ;  Athol  Wordsworth, 
born  nth  December,  1894;  Euan  Louis,  born  16th 
June,  1897 ;  Angus  Fletcher,  born  24th  March,  1899. 
(3)  Fendall  Alexander,  born  1st  October,  1863.  (4)  Helen 
Georgina,  born  nth  April,  1866;  died  31st  December, 
!893-  (5)  Hugh  Crawford,  born  23rd  September,  1868 ; 
married  6th  January,  1904,  Mary  Reid,  with  issue — 
Amy  Frances  Heather,  born  2nd  April,  1905.  (6)  Steuart 
Bullen,  born  6th  November,  1872 ;  married  14th  Novem- 
ber, 1904,  Lilian  Murray.  (7)  Constance  Minnie,  born 
4th  May,  1877  ;  died  8th  January,  1886. 

04.  Edward  Hamilton,  born  at  Bath  24th  December, 
1836  ;  died  at  sea  27th  August,  1837. 

e$.  Edward,  born  at  Calcutta  31st  August,  1838  ; 
died  19th  August,  1839. 

e6.  John,  born  at  Calcutta  1st  September,  1839;  died 
6th  April,  1840. 

ey.  Mary  Katharine,  born  at  Calcutta  24th  January, 
1S41  ;  died  27th  April,  1883. 

e8.  Dora,  born  at  Calcutta  23rd  March,  1842 ; 
married  Nathaniel  Stuart  Alexander,  Bengal  Civil  Service, 
with  issue — (1)  William  Nathaniel  Stuart,  born  8th  May, 
1874.  (2)  Edward  Currie,  born  15th  September,  1875. 
(3)  Mary  Bethia  Isabel,  born  20th  May,  1878.  (4) 
Robert  Dundas,  born  29th  August,  1880. 

eg.  The  Very  Rev.  Edward  Reid  Currie,  D.D.,  born 
at  Calcutta  16th  February,  1844.     See  p.  103. 

Page  107,  line  9  from  bottom ; — 

Norman  Farquhar  married  January,  1907,  in  Mel- 
bourne, Aileen  Marguirite  Ann,  eldest  daughter  of  Andrew 
Rowan  of  that  city,  with  issue— John  Kenneth  Andrew 
Farquhar,  born  5th  June,  1908.. 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  449 

Page  124,  line  10  from  bottom  : — 

3.  Donald,  who  had  a  son  Duncan,  who  married 
with  issue. 

a.  John,  married  with  issue. 

si.  Alexander,  M.A.,  Aberdeen,  went  as  a  school- 
master to  Canada. 

rt2.  Donald  (called  Domhnull  Ruadh,  Red-haired 
Donald),  married  Anabella  Macrae,  with  issue — (1). 
Mary,  died  unmarried  at  Fadoch.  (2)  Margaret, 
married  Christopher  Mackenzie,  Ardelve,  an  elder,  died 
in  1905,  with  issue — one  son,  Donald. 

«3-  Kate  married  Alexander  Macrae  (Maclan),  Inver- 
inate,  with  issue — (1)  Farquhar.  (2)  John,  police-con- 
stable in  Edinburgh,  died  unmarried  in  Edinburgh.  (3) 
Flora,  died  unmarried.  (4)  James,  police-constable  in 
Glasgow,  married,  first,  a  Macdonald  from  Camusluinie, 
with  issue — Alexander,  married  in  Greenock ;  James 
married  a  second  time.  (5)  Maggie  married  Murdoch 
Macrae,  Letterfearn,  with  issue — John,  married  in 
America ;  Christopher,  at  Drudaig,  married  Christina 
Macaulay,  with  issue — Murdo,  Elizabeth,  Margaret,  Jane  ; 
Farquhar,  at  Drudaig ;  Lilias ;  Kate,  married  Charles 
Macaulay  in  America  ;  James,  at  Drudaig. 

b.  Murdoch,  son  of  Duncan,  lived  at  Dornie,  married 
Mary  Macrae,  sister  of  Farquhar,  mentioned  as  Dr 
Downie's  herd  (page  148),  with  issue. 

61.  Donald  married  Kate  Macdonald  Carr,  with 
issue — (1)  Mary  married  John  Fraser  in  America,  with 
issue — Christina,  Alexander,  Duncan,  Farquhar,  Cath- 
erine, Donald,  Annie.  (2)  Farquhar  lived  at  Fort- 
Augustus,  married  Anne  Macgregor,  Strathglass,  with 
issue — Kate ;  Mary  married  Murdoch  Mackenzie,  Loch- 
alsh,  and  went  to  London  ;  Donald  married  a  Macrae  at 
Fort- Augustus;  Christina;  Annie.  (3)  Christina  married 
Duncan  Macrae,  Inverinate,  with  issue  in  America — 
Alexander,  Donald,  Catherine,  Christina,  Ellen.    (4)  James 

450  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Morrison,  lived  at  Auchtertyre,  married  Isabel  Mackay, 
Altnasuth,  with  issue— Catherine  married  Murdoch  Mac- 
kenzie, Lochalsh,  with  issue  ;  Christina  married  Duncan 
Sinclair,  schoolmaster,  Lochalsh,  with  issue;  Farquhar, 
postmaster,  Kyle  of  Lochalsh,  married  Mary  Murchison, 
with  issue— Isabel,  Annie  ;  Mary  Ann  married  Alexander 
Davidson,  schoolmaster,  Plockton,  with  issue ;  Jane 
married,  first,  Andrew  Chisholm,  with  issue,  and,  secondly, 
George  Young,  bookseller,  Inverness.  (5)  Murdoch,  at 
Torcullin,  Kintail,  married  Kate,  daughter  of  Finlay  Mac- 
rae, who  served  in  the  Seaforth  Highlanders,  with  issue — 
Duncan  went  to  Canada,  where  he  married  Maggie  Mac- 
rae, with  issue — Murdoch  Finlay,  Alexandrina,  Kate; 
Finlay  served  in  the  Seaforth  Highlanders  in  Afghanistan 
and  Egypt,  then  went  to  America,  now  in  Helena, 
Montana,  married  Kate,  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae, 
Ratagan,  with  issue — Duncan,  Murdoch,  Helen  Kate ; 
Christopher  married  Catherine  Macrae,  Bundaloch, 
daughter  of  Donald,  #4,  page  129,  and  went  to 
America,  issue  —  Christina,  John  Farquhar,  Dun- 
can Murdoch,  Mary  Margaret,  Catherine ;  Catherine 
married  William  Senogles,  Kendal,  Westmoreland,  with 
issue — Murdoch  David,  Christina,  Catherine,  Sarah  Ann ; 
Annabella  married  George  Hood,  Glasgow,  who  died, 
1901,  without  issue  ;  Christina  died  young  ;  John  Tait,  at 
Inverinate,  was  for  some  time  piper  at  The  Alhambra, 
London,  married  Mary  Anne  Mackenzie,  with  issue — 
Catherine,  Murdoch,  George  Hood.  (6)  Christopher  died 
unmarried  in  New  Zealand. 

62.  Christina  married  Alexander  Macrae,  Ardintoul, 
with  issue,  and  went  to  America. 

63.  Janet  married  Farquhar  Macrae,  Lochalsh,  with 
issue,  and  went  to  America. 

64.  Isabella    married    John    Macrae,    Dornie,   with 
issue — Alexander,  who  died  unmarried. 

65.  Jane  married  Mr  Fraser,  Inverness,  with  issue 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  45  1 

66.  Catherine  married  Mr  Ross,  Glasgow. 

67.  Isabella  died  unmarried. 

c.  Duncan,  son  of  Duncan,  lived  at  Dornie,  married 
with  issue. 

d.  Colin,  son  of  Duncan,  lived  at  Dornie,  married 
with  issue. 

di.  Duncan  married  without  surviving  issue. 

dz.  Christopher,  innkeeper  at  Tomdoun,  in  the 
Heights  of  Kintail,  married  Catherine  Macrae  with  issue — 
(1)  Alexander,  in  Arisaig,  married  to  Mary  Macdonald, 
with  issue — Duncan,  Colin,  Catherine.  (2)  Colin,  in 
Lochaber,  married  Sophia  Campbell,  with  issue — Christo- 
pher, John,  Flora,  Isabella,  Louisa.  (3)  Donald,  at  Cluanie, 
in  Kintail,  married  Ellen  Macrae.  (4)  John,  in  Suther- 
landshire,  married  Margaret  Gillies,  with  issue — Duncan, 
Flora,  Catherine,  Jessie,  Christina,  Ellen.  (5)  Flora 
married  Alexander  Macrae,  Cro,  Kintail,  with  issue — 
Alexander,  at  Moy  Hall,  Inverness,  married  Mary  Rose, 
with  issue — Alexander,  Lily,  Mary,  Flora,  Lousia ;  Mary 
married  John  Macaulay,  Ardelve,  with  issue — John,  Alex- 
ander, Duncan,  Flora  married  Farquhar  Macrae,  Auch- 
tertyre,  already  mentioned  (page  183),  Christina,  Helen  ; 
Catherine  married  Duncan  Macrae,  Loch  Hourn,  with 
issue — Alexander,  Catherine,  Flora,  Mary  Harriet,  Chris- 
tina ;  Isabella  married  John  Macintyre,  Pitlochry ;  Jessie 
married  James  Brethowe,  with  issue.  (6)  Mary  married 
Alexander  Macrae,  Lochcarron,  with  issue.  (7)  Christina 
married  Alexander  Macrae,  with  issue — Duncan,  living  at 
Arnisdale,  Glenelg  ;  Flora;  Catherine;  Annie. 

Page  127,  to  com*  in  at  foot : — 

66.  Mary  married  John  Murchison,  Lochcarron,  with 

67.  Isabella  died  unmarried. 

68.  Maggie  died   unmarried. 

69.  Annie  married  John  Macrae  of  the  Balnain 
family,  mentioned  hereafter. 

452  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

bio.  Kate   married  John,   son   of  Murdoch    Macrae, 
of  the  Balnain  family,  with  issue. 

bn.  Janet  married  Farquhar  Macrae,  Sallachy,  with 
issue  in  America. 

612.  Mary  died  young. 
Page  128,  line  11  : — 

ci2.  Alexander,  in  Kishorn,  &c,  issue — (1)  Duncan, 
at  Kyle,  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  John  Macrae, 
Lochcarron,  with  issue— John,  Bella,  Mary,  Johan, 
Alexander,  Jessie  Anne.  (2)  Rev.  Murdoch,  United 
Free  Church,  Edderton.  (3)  Annie,  married  John 
Burnet,  with  issue.  (4)  Annabella.  (5)  Isabella.  (6) 

Page  129,  line  15  : — 

a<\.  Donald  married  Margaret  Macrae,  with  issue — 
(1)  Colin  married  Kate  Macdonald.  (2)  John  Farquhar, 
in  the  Argentine  Republic,  married  Helen  Stevenson, 
with  issue — Rudolph  John.  (3)  Farquhar  married  Annie 
Macpherson,  with  issue — Maggie  Anne,  John  Farquhar, 
Mary,  Donald.  (4)  Catherine  married  Christopher,  son  of 
Murdoch  Macrae,  Torchullin,  as  already  mentioned 
(page  450),  with  issue,  and  went  to  America. 
Page  148,  line  4  from  bottom  : — 

(b).  Donald,  married  with  issue. 

(bi).  Donald  married  Isabel  Grant,  Glenmoriston, 
with  issue — (1)  John  married  Lilias  Macrae,  Camusluinie, 
with  issue — Isabel ;  John  ;  Donald,  farmer,  Attadale. 
married  Hannah  Macrae  (Strome  Ferry),  with  issue — 
Lilias,  John,  Proby  died  1895,  Farquhar,  M.A.,  Glasgow 
(1906) ;  Alexander  died  unmarried  in  Australia ;  Annie 
married  John  Matheson,  Patt,  Lochalsh,  and  went  to 
Manitoba,  issue — Catherine,  Alexander,  Lilias,  Euphemia, 
Lachlan,  John,  Isabel,  Charles.  (2)  Elizabeth  married 
Thomas  Macrae,  Camusluinie,  with  issue,  as  given 
hereafter.  (3)  Flora  died  young.  (4)  Mary  married  John 
Mackenzie,  Glengarry,  with  issue. 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  453 

(£2).  Murdoch  married  Marion,  daughter  of  Christo- 
pher Macrae  (Roy),  Achnagart,  and  had,  with  other  issue — 

(1)  Duncan  married  a  Matheson,  with  surviving  issue,  a 
daughter,  who  married  Kenneth  Matheson,  Balmacarra, 
with  issue.  (2)  John  married  Catherine,  one  of  the 
"several  daughters"  mentioned,  page  127,  line  6,  with 
issue,  and  went  to  America. 

(63).  Farquhar  (62  on  page  148)  married  Isabella, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae  (page  152,  last  line),  with 
issue  (all  of  whom  went  to  America  about  1849).  (1) 
Malcolm  married   Helen   Macrae  (page  217),  with  issue. 

(2)  John,  called  "  Ian  Mor,"  married  Anne,  one  of  the 
"  several  daughters,"  page  127,  line  6,  with  issue,  one 
daughter.  (3)  John  married  Christina  Macrae  (Roy), 
Dornie,  with  issue.  (4)  Alexander.  (5)  Flora,  who  married 
Alexander  Macrae. 

(64).  Janet  married  Christopher  Macrae,  Kyleakin 
(page  161). 

(65).  Mary  married  Murdoch  Macrae  (Page  449). 

(b6).  Finlay. 

(c).  Farquhar  married  with  issue,  at  least  one  daugh- 
ter, who  married  Malcolm  Macrae  of  Corriedhoin. 

Page  149,  last  line : — 

(02).  John  married  a  daughter  of  Murdoch  Macrae, 
Sallachy  (and  went  to  America),  with  issue — Evan  Hugh 
Douglas,  Donald  Kenneth,  Maggie,  Mary,  and  others. 

Page  150,  line  7  ■ — 

(1).  Donald  (Domhnull  Ruadh)  died  on  the  way  to 
America,  leaving  issue — Donald  married,  with  issue,  in 

Page  150,  line  13 : — 

(61).  Alexander  married  Janet  Finlayson,  with  issue — 
Maggie,  Christina. 

454  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

(62).  Donald  married  Maggie  Barr,  living  in  Leeds, 
with  issue — Maggie,  Annie,  Duncan. 

(63).  John  married  Marion  Smith,  also  in  Leeds, 
with  issue — Kenneth,  Maggie. 

(65).  Annie  married  Farquhar  Macrae,  Lochlong- 
head,  with  issue  ;  John,  innkeeper,  Lochlonghead,  married 
Betsy  Maclean,  with  issue — Jessie,  Maggie,  Williamina  ; 
Farquhar  at  Lochlonghead ;  William  in  Leeds ;  Annie 
married  Murdoch  Macrae,  Dornie ;  Maggie  married 
Donald  Campbell,  Glenelg  ;  Christina  ;  Kenneth  died  un- 
married in  1900. 

Page  159,  line  13  : — 

Anna  Helena  married  in  1906  Sir  Alan  John  Colqu- 
houn,  Bart.,  of  Luss. 

Page  162,  line  12  : — 

a.  Donald  lived  first  at  Carr,  and  afterwards  at 
Achantighard,  where  he  died  in  181 1.  He  married  in 
1748  Christina,  daughter  of  Alexander,  son  of  Farquhar 
Macrae,  with  issue — 

ai.  John,  died  in  India. 

32.  Donald,  born  1752,  died  1831,  lived  first  at 
Totaig,  and  afterwards  at  Dornie.  He  married  in  1787 
Anabella,  daughter  of  Farquhar  Macrae  of  the  Duilig 
Family,  with  issue — Alexander,  John,  Donald,  Colin, 
Duncan,  Isabella,  Anne,  Flora,  all  as  already  mentioned. 

33.  Alexander,  a  tenant  at  Ruorach,  married 
Christina,  daughter  of  Duncan,  son  of  Donald  Macrae  V 
of  Torlysich,  with  issue — (1)  Alexander,  died  un- 
married. (2)  Murdo  resided  in  Glenelg,  and  married 
Catherine,  daughter  of  Murdo  Maclennan,  with  issue — 
Alexander  married  a  Maclennan  in  Carolina,  with  issue  ; 
Murdo  married  in  Carolina,  with  issue  ;  Flora  married 
Farquhar  Maclennan,  Cluny,  with  issue ;  Jessie  married 
James  Mackerchar ;  Catherine  married  Alexander  Morri- 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  455 

son,  and  emigrated  to  Carolina.  (3)  Donald  lived  in  Immer- 
graddan,  Glenelg,  and  married  a  daughter  of  John  Mnc- 
rae,  with  issue.  (4)  John  married  Erne,  daughter  of  Murdo 
Maclennan,  Immergraddan,  with  issue;  Alexander 
married  a  Macrae  from  Plockton,  with  issue,  in  Australia  ; 
John  in  Glenelg ;  Donald  in  Glenelg ;  Catherine  in 

^4.  Christopher,  a  tenant  in  Letterfearn,  married 
Flora  Macdonald,  with  issue  —  (1)  John,  married 
Janet,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae,  Letterfearn,  with 
issue— Mary,  Janet,  Christina.  (2)  Donald  died  unmarried. 

(3)  Murdo  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Macrae, 
Sarraig,  Letterfearn,  with  issue — John,  in  Oregon,  U.S., 
married  Isabella  Murchison,  with  issue— Hugh,  Christo- 
pher, Murdo,  and  others;  Christopher,  at  Letterfearn, 
married  Christina  MacAulay,  with  issue — Murdo,  Eliza- 
beth, Margaret,  Jane  ;  Farquhar;  James;  Lily;  Catherine, 
in  Vancouver,  B.C.,  married   Charles  Welsley  Macaulay. 

(4)  John  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Donald  Macrae,  Dru- 
daig,  with  numerous  issue  of  sons  and  daughters  in  Australia. 

a$.  Duncan  lived  at  Ruorach,  Kintail.  He  married 
Mary,  daughter  of  Malcolm  Macrae,  Letterfearn,  with 
issue — Donald,  John,  Hugh,  Helen,  Flora,  who  all 
emigrated  with  their  father  to  Upper  Canada. 

a6.    Mary   married  John    Macrae,  Inverinate,    with 
ay.    Margaret       married       Donald       Maccrimmon, 

a&.  Elizabeth  married  Donald  Buie  Macrae,  Nonach, 
with  issue — Duncan,  who  lived  in  Portchullin,  and  others. 

Page  162,  line  17  .- — 

61.  Donald  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Christopher 
Macrae,  Drudaig,  with  issue — (1)  Christopher  married 
Christina,  daughter  of  Christopher  Macrae,  Leckachan, 
with  issue — Christopher,  Donald,  Colin,  Janet.  (2)  Duncan 

456  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

lived  at  Carndue,  and  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Malcolm 
Macrae,  with  issue — Donald,  Malcolm,  Alexander,  Mary, 
John.  (3)  John  died  unmarried.  (4)  Alexander  died  un- 
married. (5)  Isabella  married  Christopher  Macrae.  (6) 
Janet.     (7)  Flora  married  a  Macrae. 

bz,  Farquhar  married  Isabella,  daughter  of  Alex- 
ander Macrae,  Ardintoul,  with  issue — (1)  Christopher 
married  Marion,  daughter  of  John  Macrae,  Glenshiel,  with 
issue — James,  Alexander,  Farquhar,  Catherine,  and 
another  daughter.  (2)  Archibald.  (3)  Donald  lived  at 
Letterfearn,  and  married  Anne  Maccrimmon,  Glenelg, 
with  issue — Farquhar,  in  Tain  ;  Archibald  ;  John  married 
Betsie,  daughter  of  John  Macrae,  Plockton,  with  issue- 
Isabella,  Mary  Anne ;  Alexander  married  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae  (Page  193,  4th  line  from 
top),  with  issue — Elizabeth  married  John  Macrae,  Glas- 
gow, with  issue — Alexander,  Mary,  Maggie,  Farquhar. 
Duncan,  Donald  John,  Anne ;  Donald  married  Christina, 
daughter  of  Farquhar  Macrae,  Letterfearn,  with  issue  ; 
Isabella  married  a  Mr  Martin,  Glenelg.  (4)  James  was 
drowned.  (5)  James  emigrated  to  Upper  Canada  about 
1842.  (6)  Duncan  emigrated  to  Upper  Canada  about 
1842.  (7)  Anne  married  Malcolm  Macdonald,  Letterfearn. 
(8)  Isabella  married  Donald,  son  of  Christopher  Macrae, 
and  emigrated  to  America.  (9)  Jane  married  Angus 
Macaulay,  Letterfearn. 

63.  Alexander,  who  was  in  the  78th  Highlanders. 

64.  Christopher,  in  78th  Highlanders,  killed  in  India 
29th  November,  1803. 

65.  Elizabeth  married  Farquhar,  son  of  John  Roy 
Macrae  of  the  Duilig  family,  with  issue  as  already 

bb.  Christina  married  Roderick  Mackenzie,  Plock- 
ton, with  issue. 

by.  Mary   married    Donald  Macrae  of  Nonach,  with 

THE    HISTORY    OK    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  457 

68.  Isabella  married  Donald  Macmillan,  Dornie, 
with  issue. 

Page  165,  line  4  from  bottom : — 

XI.  ALEXANDER,  called  Alister  Buidh,  had  by  his 
second  wife  a  fourth  son — 

Alexander  (to  come  at  foot  of  page  166),  married, 
with  issue. 

a.  Christopher  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Donald 
and  Julia  Macrae,  Camusluinie,  with  issue— 

at.  John  married  in  Ontario,  with  issue ;  Anne 
married  in  1905  Angus  Mackintosh  ;  Mary  ;  James  Donald. 

«2.  Donald  Alexander,  Roman  Catholic  priest,  in 
Goderich,  Ontario. 

Christopher  married,  secondly,  Anne  (page  50,  last 
line),  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae,  with  issue— 

and   went   to 

Page  166,  line  6: — 

«l.  Duncan,  who  went  to  New  Zealand,  has  issue- 
Christina  Bella,  married  Donald  Macrae,  son  of  Alexander 
Macrae,  author  of  a  book  on  "  Deer  Stalking,"  p.  204, 
with  issue  ;  Isabella  married  a  Mr  Thompson  with  issue; 
Farquhar;  Mary;  Catherine;  Duncan;  Annie  Jane; 

Page  166,  line  18: — 

Farquhar,  eldest  son  of  04,  Alexander  and  Zeller 
Macrae,  a  youth  of  great  ability  and  promise,  after  a 
highly  creditable  career  at  Aberdeen  Grammar  School, 
died  on  the  23rd  of  September,  1907,  aged  20  years. 








Kenneth,  a 

priest  : 

in  Canada. 


Christopher  ;  and 

one  daughter. 

b.  , 

Alexander   married 

Flora    Stewart, 



458  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Page  1 68,  8th  line  from  top: — 

IX.  DONALD  married  a  daughter  of  Charles  Mac- 
kenzie of  Letterewe,  with  issue. 

X.  MURDOCH  married  Julia  Mackenzie,  as  already 
mentioned,  with  issue. 

i.  Donald  was  the  last  of  the  family  to  live  in 
Camusluinie,  where  the  site  of  his  house  is  still  pointed 
out.  He  married  Anne  Mackenzie  of  Lentran,  who  sur- 
vived him  by  several  years.  He  died  at  an  advanced  age 
in  1790  leaving  issue — 

a.  Murdoch,  as  already  mentioned. 

b.  John,  as  already  mentioned. 

c.  Colin,  as  mentioned. 

d.  Alexander,  as  mentioned. 

e.  Abigail  married  John  Breac  Macrae  (page  216, 
13th  line  from  top),  with  issue,  as  mentioned. 

/.  Janet  married  John  Macrae,  called  Ian  Ard,  with 
issue,  at  least  two  daughters — 

/i.  Isabella  married  Farquhar  Macrae,  Sallachy, 
with  issue. 

/2.  Janet  died  unmarried. 

g.  Julia  married  Alexander,  son  of  Donald  Macrae, 
with  issue — 

gi.  Alexander  lived  in  Camusluinie.  He  married 
Janet,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae  of  the  Duilig  family, 
with  issue — Alexander,  for  some  time  hotelkeeper  at 
Reraig,  Lochalsh,  married  Isabella,  daughter  of  Duncan 
Finlayson,  Plockton,  with  issue — Duncan  ;  John  married 
and  left  issue — Duncan  Hector,  and  Jessie ;  William,  now 
living  in  Glasgow  ;  Jessie. 

h.  Flora  or  Florence. 

i.  John,  a  natural  son,  who  lived  at  Patt,  in  the 
Heights  of  Lochalsh.  He  married  Catherine,  daughter 
of  Donald  Macrae,  Glenshiel,  with  issue — 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  459 

fl.  Murdo,  called  Murachadh  Beg,  lived  for  several 
years  in  Glenundalan,  and  afterwards  in  Bundaloch.  He 
married  Martha  Mackenzie,  with  issue — (1)  Duncan,  who 
was  an  excellent  folklorist  and  genealogist,  and  who  died 
unmarried  at  Bundaloch  in  1884.  (2)  Flora  married 
Murdo  Macrae,  Lochcarron,  with  issue.  (3)  Catherine 
married  Colin  Macrae,  Dornie,  with  issue,  as  mentioned 
elsewhere.  (4)  Anne  married  John  Macrae,  son  of  Dun- 
can, with  issue,  among  others — Alexander  emigrated  to 
Canada  ;  Mary ;  Catherine  ;  Duncan  married  with  issue  ; 
Murdo,  now  living  in  Inverness,  married  Mary  Anne, 
daughter  of  Farquhar  Maclennan,  with  issue — Jessie, 
Catherine,  Farquhar,  a  medical  student  of  Aberdeen 
University,  Mary,  John,  Murdo.  (5)  Janet  married 
Roderick  Macrae,  Letterfearn.  (6)  Mary  married  James 
Nett  of  Melbourne,  Australia,  who  afterwards  resided  in 

t2.  Donald  lived  in  Fernaig,  Lochalsh.  He  married 
Catherine,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macaulay,  with  issue — 
Duncan,  Donald,  John,  Christopher,  Farquhar. 

23  John  ;  14  Duncan  ;  t'5  Donald  ;  ?6  Anne  ;  ij  Julia  ; 
j'8  Catherine. 

2.  Alexander  married  Catherine  Maclean,  niece  of 
the  Rev.  John  Maclean,  first  Presbyterian  Minister  of 
Kintail,  with  issue — 

a.  Murdo,  a  tenant  in  Camusluinie,  and  afterwards  in 
Ellan-na-goine,  Sallachy.  He  married  Mary,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Macrae,  Camusluinie  (page  50,  8th  line  from 
top),  with  issue. 

fli.  Alexander  died  unmarried. 

«2.  John  married  Catherine  Matheson,  Lochalsh, 
with  issue — (1)  Mary.  (2)  Julia  married  Samuel  Cameron, 
Sallachy,  with  issue.     (3)  Helen. 

A3.  Alexander  Og  died  unmarried. 

«4.  Catherine  married  Alexander  Macrae,  Bundaloch, 
without  issue. 


460  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

#5.  Julia  died  unmarried. 

a6.  Janet  married  Alexander  Mackay,  Bundaloch, 
with  issue. 

ay.  Mary  married  Alexander,  son  of  John  Mor 
Macrae  of  the  Duilig  family,  with  issue  hereafter 

«8.  Isabella  married  Alexander  Maclennan,  Sallachy, 
with  issue  in  Australia. 

ag.  Catherine  died  unmarried. 

3.  Anabella  or  Anne  married  Alexander  Macrae 
(page  2ii,  line  1),  with  issuers  there  mentioned. 

4.  Anne  married  Thomas  Macrae  at  Carr,  a  descend- 
ant of  Ferachar  Maclan  Og,  with  issue — 

a.  Murdoch,  a  soldier  in  the  78th  Highlanders. 
After  serving  with  his  regiment  in  India,  he  returned  to 
Kintail  and  married  a  daughter  of  Murdo,  son  of  Duncan 
Macrae,  Achnagart,  with  issue. 

ai.  Thomas,  who  lived  at  Camusluinie,  and  married 
Isabella  Macrae  (Page  131,  last  line),  with  issue — (1)  Alex- 
ander, lived  at  Applecross.  He  married  Isabella  Mackenzie, 
with  issue — Donald;  Bella;  Anne  married  John  Leed 
Macleay,  Wanganui,  New  Zealand,  with  issue  ;  Farquhar ; 
Murdo,  M.B.  and  CM.  (1908)  of  Glasgow  University  ; 
Christina,  died  1908  ;  Thomas  in  New  Zealand.  (2)  Isa- 
bella in  New  Zealand.  (3)  Helen  died  unmarried.  (4) 
Anabella  died  unmarried.  (5)  Mary  married  John  Moir, 
Culigeran,  Struy,  Beauly,  with  issue — Mary  Jane,  who 
married  Donald  Martin  of  Tarbert,  Harris,  with  issue. 

«2.  Duncan  lived  in  Raasay.  He  married  Anne 
Nicolson,  with  issue — (1)  Archibald  married  Maggie 
Cameron,  Morven,  with  issue — Kate.  (2)  Neil  married 
Kate  Macrae,  Skye,  with  issue — Duncan,  Murdo,  Thomas, 
John.  (3)  Murdo  unmarried.  (4)  Isabella  married  Donald 
Gillanders,  Garve,  with  issue — Mary. 

«3.  Donald  drowned  in  Loch  Duich.  He  was 
married,  without  issue. 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE  46  r 

«4.  Anne  married  Archibald  Ninnie  Finlayson  with 
issue  in  New  Zealand. 

«5.  Margaret  married  Duncan  Matheson,  with  issue. 
ab.  Isabella  died  unmarried. 
aj.  Alexander  died  unmarried. 

b.  Donald  lived  at  Carr.  He  married  Anne  Macrae 
with  issue. 

61.  Thomas  lived  at  Carr.  He  married  Maggie, 
daughter  of  John  Macrae,  and  emigrated  to  Australia, 
with  issue — (1)  Donald,  who  lived  at  Port  Campbell, 
Victoria,  Australia  ;  and  others. 

bz.  Christopher  married,  but  died  without  issue. 

63.  Isabella  married  Colin  Macrae,  Inchcro,  with 
issue  as  given  (page  80,  4th  line  from  foot). 

b\.  Anabella  married  Roderick  Macrae,  son  of 
Malcolm  of  the  Duilig  family,  with  issue  as  hereafter 

65.  Christina  married  Duncan  Macrae,  Bundaloch. 

66.  Lilias  died  unmarried. 
by.  Janet  died  unmarried. 
68.  Mary  died  unmarried. 

c.  Lilias  married  Donald,  son  of  George  Macrae  of 
the  Duilig  family,  with  issue  as  hereafter  mentioned. 

d.  Anne  married  Duncan,  son  of  Farquhar  Macrae, 
Killilan,  with,  among  others,  the  following  issue — 

di.  Finlay,  a  soldier  in  the  78th  Highlanders,  married 
with  issue  Catherine,  who  married  Murdo  Macrae,  Tor- 
chullin,  with  issue  mentioned  on  page  450 ;  Duncan 
married  with  issue  ;  Mary  ;  and  others. 

dz.  Murdo  lived  at  Letterfearn.  He  married  and 
left  issue,  one  daughter. 

5.  Isabella. 

6.  Margaret. 

Page  179,  line  18  ; — 

Flora  Gillanders,  wife  of  John  Macrae,  died  at  Strath- 
peffer,  12th  December,  1900,  buried  at  Kirkton,  Lochalsh. 

462  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

a.  Rev.  Alexander  Macrae  married,  7th  August,  1901, 
Winifred  Baliol,  daughter  of  James  Beeby  Scott,  of  the 
Bank  of  England,  by  his  wife  Ada  Sarah,  daughter  of 
James  Beeby,  Accountant  General  of  the  Navy,  with  issue 
— Duncan,  born  17th  October,  1902,  died  15th  February, 
1903,  and  buried  at  Brompton  Cemetery ;  Farquhar 
Baliol,  born  2nd  October,  1903. 

b.  Margaret  married  15th  December,  1904,  as  his 
second  wife,  without  issue,  Torquil  Nicolson,  who  died 
15th  June,  1906. 

Page  180: — 

e.  Jeannie,  who  married  Farquhar  Matheson,  Dornie, 
died  7th  June,  1901,  leaving  issue — Margaret  Mary,  born 
5th  November,  1898,  and  Flora  Gillanders,  born  13th 
March,  1900.  ' 

/.  Farquhar  Macrae,  M.B.  and  CM.,  married  12th 
July,  1899,  Margaret  Mann,  daughter  of  Hugh  Ross, 
Bridgend  of  Alness,  with  issue — Hugh  Ross,  born  25th 
May,  igoi ;  John  Alexander,  born  21st  February,  1903; 
Flora  Gillanders,  born  10th  November,  1908. 

Page  182,  line  15  : — 

1.  Finlay,  called  Fionnla  Ban,  married  Margaret 
Macrae,  Camusluinie,  with  issue. 

a.  Christopher  died  unmarried. 

b.  John  lived  at  Stromeferry,  married  Isabella,  sister 
of  Christopher  Roy  of  Morvich  (page  212,  line  8),  and 
went  to  Australia,  issue — 

61.  Donald  married  in  Australia  with  issue,  two 

bz.  Finlay  married  a  daughter  of  John  Macrae, 
schoolmaster,  Sleat  (p.  183),  with  issue  in  Australia. 

63.  Farquhar  married  without  issue  in  Australia. 

64.  Duncan  married  a  sister  of  Duncan  Mor  of 
Totaig,  in  Australia. 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  463 

b$.  Margaret  married  with  issue  in  Australia. 

c.  Alexander  married  Kate,  daughter  of  Christopher 
Macdonald,  Lonellan,  Kintail,  with  issue  as  given  on 
page  233. 

d.  Duncan  married  Anabella  Macrae  (page  127,  65). 
rfi.  John  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Thomas  Macrae, 

Camusluinie,  with  issue-  (1)  John  married  with  issue,  in 
Lochinver.  (2)  Duncan  married  Margaret  Macleod, 
Raasay,  with  issue — John,  Charles,  Donald,  Donald, 
Mary,  Murdoch.  (3)  Margaret  married  William  Gillies, 
Plockton.  (4)  Lilias  married  John  Gillies,  Plockton,  and 
went  to  California,  issue — William,  Donald,  Mary  Anne, 
John,  Annie,  Margaret  Mary.     (5)  Thomas  in  California. 

dz.  Anabella  married  Roderick  Macaulay,  Durinish, 
Lochalsh,  with  issue — (1)  John  married  Mary  (p.  127, 1.  11), 
daughter  of  John  Macrae,  with  issue — Roderick  John. 
(2)  Kate  married  Donald  Maclennan,  with  issue.  (3) 
Mary  died  young.     (4)  Duncan.     (5)  Roderick. 

d^.  Finlay  married  Anabella  Macdonald,  Applecross, 
with  issue — (1)  Jessie.  (2)  Matilda.  (3)  Duncan,  M.A.  of 
Aberdeen  (1896),  married  Agnes.,  daughter  of  the  Rev. 
Walter  Ross,  Nethy  Bridge,  Inverness-shire.  (4)  Maggie. 
(5)  Finlay. 

t/4.   Duncan  unmarried. 

d$.  Margaret  died  young. 

e.  Anabella  married  a  Maclennan  without  issue. 
/.  Mary  died  unmarried. 

Page  183,  line  8 .- — 

Farquhar,  living  at  Auchtertyre,  married  Flora  Mac- 
aulay, Camuslongart,  with  issue — Duncan  John. 

Maggie  married  John  Duff,  with  issue — John,  Mary, 

Page  183,  line  n  .— 

Anne  married  Kenneth  Matheson  with  issue  ;  Maggie 
married  Donald  Macrae,  Bundaloch  (page  200,  line  12), 

464  THE    HISTORY   OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

with  issue — Donald  ;  Mary  married  Donald  Reid  in  Glas- 
gow ;  Alexander,  in  Manitoba,  married  Isabel  Macrae, 
with  issue — Farquhar. 

Page  183,  line  19  : — 

d.  Alexander  married  with  issue. 

Ax.  Duncan  died  unmarried. 

dz.  Christopher  died  unmarried. 

d$.  Alexander  married  with  issue — Mary  married  in 
England  ;  Catherine  married  in  Glasgow ;  John  in  Glas- 
gow ;  Alexander  married  with  issue  ;  Donald  in  Glasgow  ; 

d<\.  Colin  in  Falkirk. 

d$.  Christina  died  unmarried. 

d6.  Catherine  married  Christopher  Macrae,  Ardelve, 
with  issue — Annie,  Duncan,  Maggie,  Christina,  Mary, 

dj.  Christina  married  in  Islay. 

Page  191,  line  2 : — 

2.  Christina  married  Donald  Macrae,  a  farmer  at 
Inverinate,  with  issue — 

a.  Duncan,  called  Donnacha  Sealgair,  married 
Margaret  Macrae,  with  issue. 

ax.  John  Roy  married  with  issue — (1)  Alexander  died 
in  Armadale,  Australia,  and  left  issue.  (2)  Roderick  died 
in  Armadale,  Australia,  and  left  issue.  (3)  Duncan  in 

A2.  Donald  died  young. 

a$.  Donald  died  in  Edinburgh. 

34.  Duncan  died  young. 

(15.  Ninnie  died  in  America. 

«6.  Margaret  died  in  Australia.  She  married  Farqu- 
har Macrae,  with  issue — (1)  Christopher  married  Elizabeth 
Maclennan,  with  issue. 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  465 

ay.  Catherine  married  Ivy  Macovil,  with  issue. 

<i8.  Flora  married  Alexander  Macrae,  Inverinate 
(page  193,  line  4). 

09.  Alexander  married  Flora,  daughter  of  Farquhar 
(page  148,  line  2  from  foot). 

b.  Farquhar,  known  as  Ferachar  Buie,  married  Isa- 
bella Maclennan,  with  issue. 

61.  Donald  went  to  Australia. 

62.  Alexander  died  at  Letterfearn.  He  married,  with 
issue — (1)  Alexander.  (2)  Kenneth,  a  detective  in  Perth. 
(3)  Kate  married  Kenneth  Macrae ;  and  two  other 

63.  Roderick  lived  at  Inverinate.  He  married  Ana- 
bella  Matheson,  Dornie  (a  daughter  of  John  Matheson 
and  of  Isabella  Macrae,  mentioned  on  page  48,  line  6 
from  foot),  with  issue — (1)  Christina  married  in  America 
with  issue.  (2)  Kate  married  Peter  Campbell,  head- 
master, Abriachan  Public  School,  Inverness-shire,  with 
issue.     (3)  John  died  young. 

c.  Donald  Roy  Macrae  lived  at  Carndu,  Dornie. 
He  married  Annie  Macmillan,  Dornie,  with  issue. 

ci.  John  lived  at  Ardintoul,  and  afterwards  in  Broad- 
ford.  He  married  Flora  Macrae,  with  issue— (1)  Donald 
Macrae,  Applecross.  (2)  Alexander  married  in  Glasgow, 
with  issue.  (3)  John  in  Broadford.  (4)  Christina  married 
a  Mr  MacColl,  Glasgow,  with  issue — John,  Mary,  Flora, 
Joan,  Christina.     (5)  Flora  married  in  Broadford. 

C2.  Donald  lived  at  Inverinate.  He  married  Mary 
Macdonald,  Carr,  with  issue — (1)  Farquhar  married  with 
issue.  (2)  Donald  went  to  Australia.  He  married,  and 
left  numerous  issue.  (3)  Kate  married  Donald  Macrae, 
gamekeeper,  Killilan,  with  issue— Catherine  married  John 
Fraser ;  John,  in  London,  married  Alice  Adams,  with 
issue — Donald  William,  Catherine  Ellen,  Ian  Alexander  ; 
Mary  Anne  married  a  Mr  Buxton  with  issue ;  Christina 
married  Duncan  Macmillan,  Dornie;  Flora  married  Joseph 

466  THE   HISTORY    OF    THE   CLAN    MACRAE. 

Tritton  with  issue  ;  Bella  died  ;  Donald,  a  gamekeeper  at 
Inverinate,  married  Christina,  daughter  of  Alexander 
Cameron,  Sallachy,  with  issue — Mary,  Catherine  Bella, 
Alexander,  Joan.  (4)  Duncan,  a  farmer  and  shoe- 
maker at  Dornie,  married  Isabella,  daughter  of  Roderick 
Mackenzie,  shipowner,  Shieldaig,  with  issue — Donald  at 
Dornie ;  Roderick  a  farmer  and  merchant  in  Shieldaig ; 
James  died  when  a  student  at  the  Raining  School,  Inver- 
ness ;  Mary.  (5)  Mary  married  Roderick  Matheson,  Loch- 
carron,  with  issue.  (6)  Kenneth  married  Kate  Macrae, 
mentioned  above,  with  issue,  Donald  and  Alexander  and 
seven  daughters.  (7)  Alexander  married  Margaret  Mathe- 
son, Avernish,  with  issue — Donald,  John,  Hector,  Duncan, 
Mary,  Mary  Anne,  Christina,  Bella.  (8)  Donald  married 
Efhe  Mackintosh,  Portree,  with  issue. 

03.  Alexander  died  in  Australia.  He  married  Ellen 
Macrae,  with  issue. 

C4.  Duncan  lived  for  some  time  at  Ardintoul, 
and  afterwards  emigrated  to  Australia,  where  he  died. 

C5.  Donald  died  in  Australia. 

c6.  Kenneth  died  in  Australia. 

cj.  Christopher  died  in  Australia ;  was  married,  and 
left  issue. 

c8.  Christina  married  Kenneth  Macrae,  Achmore. 

d.  Alexander,    Quartermaster    and    Sergeant   in    the 
78th  Highlanders  (page  191,  line  8). 
Page  200,  line  11 : — 

Donald,  son  of  Christopher,  married  Maggie,  daugh- 
ter of  Farquhar  Macrae  (a$,  page  183),  with  issue — 

Page  212:— 

Delete  the  whole  of  lines  3  and  4. 

In  line  5,  a.  John,  being  a  son  of  xn.  Alexander 
(mentioned  on  page  211,  line  1),  should  be  entered  as  (3). 
John,  and  his  family  enumerated  (a),  (b),  &c,  as  follows : — 

(a).  Christopher  married  Christina  Macrae,  with  issue. 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  467 

(ai).  Hannah  married  Finlay  Macdonald,  Inverinate, 
with  issue. 

(«2).  John  married  Mary  Macrae,  with  issue,  and  went 
to  Australia. 

(.13).  Annie  married  Kenneth  Macdonald,  Glenelg,  with 
issue — Duncan,  in  Australia. 

(04).  Kate  died  unmarried. 

(#5).  Alexander  died  unmarried. 

(a6).  Christopher  died  unmarried. 

(b).  Alexander  as  on  page  212. 

(c).  Annie  married  Alexander  Macrae,  Glenshiel,  with 

(d).  Kate  married  John  Macrae,  Glenshiel,  with  issue. 

(e).  Helen  married  Donald  Macmillan,  with  issue — 
Christopher,  Christina,  Isabella,  John,  Helen,  Kate,  Isa- 
bella, Flora  married  Kenneth  Macrae,  page  129. 

(/).  Isabella  married  John  Macrae,  son  of  Christopher 
(page  212,  line  8),  with  issue. 

(g).  Janet  married  William  Morrison,  schoolmaster, 
Letterfearn,  with  issue. 

(h).  Hannah  married  Donald  Macrae,  Cro  of  Kintail, 
with  issue. 

Page  214,  line  4  from  foot : — 

«X.  Duncan  married  Christina,  daughter  of  Alexander 
Macrae,  Auchtertyre,  with  issue. 

(1).  John  (not  Duncan,  as  on  page  214)  married  Isa- 
bella, daughter  of  Murdo,  son  of  Duncan  Macrae,  Achna- 
gart,  with  issue — 

(a).  Donald  died  unmarried. 

(6).  Duncan  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Roderick 
Finlayson,  with  issue;  Alexander  married  a  Miss  Bain, 
and  emigrated  to  Oregon,  U.S.,  where  he  died  in  1879, 
leaving  numerous  issue. 

(c).  Murdo  married  a  Miss  Mackenzie  of  Newcastle, 
without  issue. 

468  THE   HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

{d).  Alexander  married  a  Miss  Bain,  and  emigrated 
with  his  family  to  America. 

(e).  Farquhar,  who  was  for  many  years  proprietor  of 
the  Strome  Hotel,  married  Proby  Mary,  daughter  of 
Kenneth  Mackenzie,  Kishorn,  with  issue — 

(i).  Malcolm,  living  in  Salen,  Mull,  mairied  Flora 
Murchison,  Lochcarron,  with  issue — Farquhar,  Proby 

(2).  John  married  in  Melbourne,  Australia,  with  issue 
— Farquhar  Colin,  John. 

(3).  Isabella  married  William  Mackenzie,  with  issue — 
William ;  Hector ;  Isabella  married  George  Mackinlay, 
Edinburgh,  with  issue  ;  Jessie  married  John  Macdonald 
with  issue  ;  Proby  Mary  died. 

(4).  Annie  married  Murdo  Leed,  shipowner,  Inver- 
ness, with  issue — Murdo  ;  Proby  Mary  married  Ronald 
Fletcher,  Laggan,  Mull ;  Catherine  married  John  Macnair, 
New  York ;  Elizabeth. 

(5).  Elizabeth  married  John  Kennedy,  Lochcarron, 
with  issue — Farquhar  ;  Donald ;  Anne  ;  Proby  Mary 
married  Rev.  John  Macdonald,  Free  Church,  Sleat,  Skye  ; 
Bella  Anne. 

(6).  Hannah  married  Donald  Macrae  of  the  Balnain 
family,  with  issue  as  mentioned  elsewhere. 

(7).  Isabella  married  Bailie  John  Mackenzie,  Inver- 
ness, with  issue — Alistair  ;  Farquhar ;  Annie  Maria. 

(f).  Hannah  married  Donald  Macrae,  with  issue — 
Isabella  married  Donald  Matheson  with  issue — Christop- 
her;  Bella;  Hannah  married  Herr  Hoeckling. 

(g).  Christopher  died  unmarried. 

(h).  Alexander  died  unmarried. 

(i).  Isabella  died  young. 

(2).  Farquhar,  called  Ferachar  Post,  married  Eliza, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae,  tenant  of  Ruarach,  Kin- 
tail,  with  issue — Duncan  ;  Farquhar  married  with  issue  ; 
Donald  married  Elizabeth  Sutherland  with  issue ; 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  469 

(3).  Marion  married  Farquhar  Macrae,  Carr,  with 
issue — Christina  died  unmarried  ;  Mary,  unmarried ; 
William  died  unmarried  ;  John  married  Grace  Mackay, 
Ardnarff,  without  issue  ;  Alexander  married  a  daughter  of 
Duncan  Macrae,  Fernaig,  with  issue,  a  son,  Ewen,  in 
Glengarry,  and  a  daughter. 

Page  285,  line  10  from  bottom  : — 

6.  Farquhar,  born  1806,  &c,  had  issue — 
a.  Jean  Farquhar.  b.  Margaret  Morison.  c.  William 
Gordon,  d.  John  Morison.  e.  Mary  Amelia  Morison, 
born  1844,  married  George  Cadell  of  the  Indian  Forest 
Department,  with  issue — George  Ward  Cole,  born  1872  ; 
Agnes  Morison,  born  1873 ;  William  Farquhar,  born 
1874;  Florence  St  John,  born  1877;  Muriel  McCrae, 
born  1887. 

/.  Farquhar. 


(pp.    22,    23,    214,    288.) 

I.  JOHN,  called  Ian  Carrach,  the  progenitor  of  the 
Clann  Ian  Charrich  family  of  Macraes,  was  the  eldest 
son  of  Macrae  of  Clunes,  and  was  the  first  Macrae  to 
migrate  to  Kintail,  as  narrated  on  page  288  of  this  book. 
His  descendants,  whose  names  cannot  at  present  be 
traced,  lived  in  the  old  home  at  Achnagart  for  some 
generations,  and  one  of  them  is  said  to  have  been 
married  to  one  of  the  Grants  of  Glenmoriston.  By  her 
he  had  numerous  issue,  all  of  whom  died  young,  except 
one  named  John.  This  John  who  was  also  called 
Ian  Carrach  married,  and  had  issue,  at  least  two  sons, 
Finlay  and  Malcolm. 

1.  Finlay  of  whom  hereafter. 

2.  Malcolm  was  constable  of  Ellandonan  Castle  in 
the  early  years  of  the  16th  century.  He  espoused  the 
cause  of  Hector  Roy  of  Gairloch  in  the  great  feud  between 
Hector  and  his  nephew,  John  of  Killin.  After  a  struggle 
which  lasted  several  years,  and  in  which  Malcolm  took  a 
very  prominent  part,  the  supporters  of  Hector  Roy  had 
to  yield,  and  Malcolm  Mac  Ian  Charrich  was  dismissed 
by  John  of  Killin  from  the  Constableship.  He  thus  lost 
his  influence,  and  his  family  did  not  afterwards  assume  so 
much  importance  in  Kintail  (pages  21-23).  One  of  his 
descendants,  Malcolm,  called  Callum  Mac  Urichcian  (pro- 
bably Malcolm,  son  of  Murdo,  son  of  John),  was  living  at 
Letterfearn,  Kintail,  in  the  early  part  of  the  19th  century, 
and  was  married  to  Anne  Macdonald  with  issue. 

1.  Christina  married  Alexander  Macrae,  Ardelve, 
with  issue. 

ALEXANDER  MACRAE,  M.A.  (Clann  Ian  Charrich.) 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE   CLAN    MACRAE.  471 

2.  Martha  married  John  MacColl,  farmer,  Glen- 
finnan,  in  Inverness-shire,  with  issue. 

a.  Alexander,  born  1825,  died  at  Bolton,  in  Lanca- 
shire, in  1892.  He  married  Anne  Baxter,  with  issue — 
Ralph,  Margaret,  John,  Annie,  Alexander. 

b.  John,  born  1827,  M.A.,  Oxford,  died  in  Australia 
in  1893,  was  twice  married,  with  issue. 

c.  Christina  died  unmarried  in  Australia. 

d.  The  Rev.  Malcolm,  D.D.,  born  1834,  Canon  of 
Ripon  Cathedral,  an  intimate  friend  of  the  Right  Hon. 
William  Ewart  Gladstone,  and  a  well  known  theological 
and  controversial  writer.  He  married  Consuelo  Albinia, 
daughter  of  Major-General  Ciompton  Stansfield  of  Esholt 
Hall,  Yorkshire,  without  issue,  and  died  in  1907. 

e.  Janet,  born  1835,  unmarried. 

/.  Hugh,  born  1837,  B.A.  of  London.  Author  of 
several  mathematical  and  philosophical  works.  Married 
first,  in  1865,  Mary  Elizabeth  Johnson,  and  by  her,  who 
died  in  1884,  has  issue — Mary  Janet ;  Martha  Christina; 
Flora  ;  Hugh  Ernest,  a  judge  in  Burma,  married  with 
issue  ;  Anne  Louise,  married  with  issue.  Hugh  married, 
secondly,  in  1887,  Lina  Hortense  Marchal,  and  is  now 
(1909)  living  at  Boulogne,  in  France. 

3.  Catherine  died  unmarried. 

4.  Anne  died  unmarried. 

5.  Donald  went  to  Australia  in  1854.  Married 
Barbara  Forbes  with  issue. 

6.  Duncan  went  to  Australia  in  1854.  Married 
Catherine,  daughter  of  Farquhar  Macrae,  with  issue. 

7.  Hugh  died  unmarried  in  India. 

II.  FINLAY  Mac  Ian  Charrich  was  a  farmer  in 
Ardintoul,  Kintail.  Tradition  says  that  he  lost  his  life  in 
defence  of  his  home  against  a  band  of  spoilers  from  Sleat 
in  Skye.     He  left  issue,  at  least  one  son,  Donald. 

III.  DONALD,  known  as  Domhnull  Duilig  (Donald 
of  Duilig),  was  but  a  child  at  the  time   of  his  father's 

472  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

death,  but  when  he  grew  up  to  be  a  man,  he  gathered 
together  a  strong  party  of  Kintail  warriors,  and  making 
his  way  to  Sleat,  he  put  to  the  sword  the  only  survivor  of 
his  father's  murderers.  He  then  returned  to  his  home  in 
Ardintoul,  but  fearing  sudden  attacks  from  parties  of 
revenge  from  Skye,  he  moved  inland  to  Duilig  in  the 
heights  of  Kintail.  Here  he  lived  in  plentiful  circum- 
stances for  many  years,  and  was  looked  upon  as  a  man  of 
outstanding  merit,  not  only  among  members  of  his  own 
family,  but  among  the  Clan  as  a  whole.  Round  his 
memory  have  gathered  many  interesting  stories,  legends, 
traditions,  and  songs,  most  of  which  have,  unfortunately, 
been  lost,  but  a  few  of  them  may  still  be  heard  among 
the  older  people  in  Kintail.  Donald  was  married,  and  had 
at  least  three  sons— Finlay,  of  whom  hereafter,  Donald, 

IV.  DONALD,  of  whom  little  is  known,  lived  for  some 
time  in  Duilig.  He  married,  and  had  issue,  at  least  one 
son  : — 

V.  Donald,  who  was  fifth  in  descent  from  Ian 
Carrach,  and  was  known  as  Domhnull  Og  (Young  Donald). 
He  took  a  prominent  part  in  the  great  feud  between  Mac- 
kenzie of  Kintail  and  Macdonald  of  Glengarry  in  the  end 
of  the  16th  and  the  beginning  of  the  17th  century.  In  the 
spring  of  the  year  1606  Mackenzie,  after  he  had  seized  the 
lands  of  Lochcarron,  laid  siege  to  Strome  Castle,  which 
was  at  that  time  held  by  the  Macdonalds.  In  the  opera- 
tions round  the  Castle  Donald  Og  was  taken  prisoner. 
An  account  of  his  escape  is  given  thus  in  an  old  manu- 
script : — "  Mackenzie,  having  no  hope  of  taking  the  Castle 
by  storm,  resolved  to  raise  the  siege.  Then  Donald  Og, 
hearing  confidentially  from  one  of  the  servants  within  the 
Castle  how  things  were  moving  on  both  sides,  and  that 
Mackenzie  was  preparing  to  raise  the  siege,  bribed  one  of 
the  attendants  to  give  him  admittance  into  the  room  in 
the  Castle  where  the  gunpowder  was  kept.     Finding  that 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  473 

only  one  barrel  remained,  he  got  it  destroyed  by  pouring 
water  over  it.  He  afterwards  returned  to  his  own  room 
in  the  Castle,  and  maintained  that  he  felt  unwell  and 
would  be  the  better  of  fresh  air.  He  was  then  escorted 
under  two  sentinels  to  the  battlements  of  the  Castle. 
Here  he  walked  backwards  and  foiwards  till  a  suitable 
opportunity  for  action  presented  itself.  At  last  he  threw 
his  plaid  over  the  heads  of  the  two  sentinels,  and  then 
with  one  spring  leaped  off  the  battlements  to  the  ground 
below.  Mackenzie's  party  rushed  forward  expecting  to 
find  him  dead.  He  was,  however,  only  stunned  by  the 
fall,  and  soon  recovered.  He  made  known  to  Mackenzie 
the  state  of  the  besieged,  and  persuaded  him  to  renew  the 
attack,  with  the  result  that  the  Castle  was  surrendered  a 
few  days  afterwards  in  1606.,,  Mackenzie  ordered  it 
to  be  blown  up  in  case  it  might  fall  again  into  Glengarry's 
hands."  In  recognition  of  his  faithful  services  and  his 
brave  action  on  this  occasion  Mackenzie  allotted  to 
Donald  Og  free  lands  for  life  in  Killilan.  He  married  and 
had  at  least  two  sons  : — 

1.  John  of  whom  hereafter. 

2.  Duncan  was  a  tenant  at  Ratagan.  He  married, 
and  had  issue,  at  least  one  son,  Donald,  who  had  a  son 
Ronald,  who  married  Julia  Macrae  (a  niece  of  Murdo 
XIII.,  page  212),  with  the  following  issue — 

a.  Alexander  emigrated  to  Australia  in  1849.  He 
married  Catherine  Macdonald,  Drudaig,  with  issue — 

ax.  Ronald  married  in  New  South  Wales,  with 
numerous  issue. 

az.  Julia  married  twice  in  Victoria  with  issue. 

b.  Duncan  emigrated  to  America.  He  married  with 

c.  Christopher  married  a  Mackenzie  from  Letter- 
fearn,  and  emigrated  to  America. 

d.  Murdo  emigrated  to  America. 

e.  John  in  America. 

/.  Another  son  also  in  America. 

474  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

VI.  John,  son  of  Donald  Og,  and  sixth  in  descent 
from  Ian  Carrach,  was  called  Ian  Ban,  and  succeeded  to 
his  father's  farm  in  Killilan.  He  married  Mar- 
garet, daughter  of  John  Murchison,  Auchtertyre,  and 
sister  of  Colonel  Donald  Murchison,  who  acted  so 
zealously  on  Seaforth's  behalf  after  the  Rebellion  of  1715. 
He  left  a  son — 

VII.  Donald,  who  married  Flora,  daughter  of 
Farquhar  Macrae,  Inchchro,  with  issue — 

1.  Duncan  Roy,  a  tenant  at  Ardelve,  married 
Catherine,  daughter  of  John  Ban  Macrae,  Aird,  Lochalsh. 
He  died  about  the  year  1840,  leaving  issue — 

a.  Christopher  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Murdo 
Maclennan,  Aird,  Lochalsh.  He  was  tenant  of  the  farm 
of  Mangaridh,  Skye.     I^e  left  issue — 

ai.  Duncan  married  with  issue,  two  daughters  in 
British  Columbia. 

az.  Flora  married  Donald  Macrae,  Skye,  with  issue — 
Christopher,  who  is  married  with  issue,  one  son ; 
Margaret ;  Mary,  married  with  issue  ;  Catherine. 

a$.  Catherine  married  Alexander  Finlayson,  Kyleakin, 
Skye,  with  issue — Donald  ;  Christopher  ;  Alexander  ; 
Finlay ;  Marion,  who  married  John  Gillies,  Plockton, 
with  issue  ;  Maggie. 

«4.  Flora  married  John  Murchison,  Skye,  with  issue — 
Mary;  Christopher,  married  a  Miss  Mackenzie,  Kyle; 
Margaret  married  Donald  Macrae,  Carr,  Kintail  (page 
185,  line  4),  with  issue — Anabella  Mary,  Johan  Flora. 

b.  Donald  Roy  was  for  some  time  blacksmith  at 
Dornie.  He  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  Colin  Macrae, 
tacksman,  of  Inchchro  (page  80,  line  4  from  foot),  and 
emigrated  to  America  in  1848.     He  left  issue — 

61.  Colin  married  in  Canada. 

62.  John  in  Ontario. 

63.  Alexander  married  Isabella  Campbell,  with  issue, 
and  lives  now  in  Assiniboia,  Canada. 

64.  Janet  in  Ontario. 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  475 

65.  Mary  in  Ontario. 

66.  Catherine  married  in  Assiniboine,  Canada. 

c.  Duncan  was  a  tenant  in  Ardelve  in  1862.  He 
married  Isabella,  daughter  of  Donald  Macrae,  Nostie, 
Lochalsh,  with  issue— 

ci.  Donald  married  Mary  Macdonald  in  Arisaig  with 
issue — Alexander,  Margaret. 

C2.  Duncan  in  Glasgow,  married  Catherine  Macrae, 
with  issue — Duncan,  Donald,  Alexander-Angus. 

C3.  Alexander  lives  at  Lochluichart.  He  married 
Catherine  Murchison,  Portchullin,  iwth  issue — Duncan. 
Lauchlin,  Malcolm,  John,  Donald,  Alexander,  Mary  Kate, 
Roderick,  Isabella,  David. 

04.  John  lives  in  Glasgow.  He  married  Anne  Mac- 
kenzie with  issue — Isabella,  Kenneth,  John  Duncan, 

C5.  Catherine  married  Donald  Mackenzie,  Ardelve, 
with  issue — Duncan,  Christopher,  Donald,  Jessie. 

c6.  Janet  now  living  at  Auchtertyre. 

07.  Annie  married  Donald  Macpherson,  Sleat,  Skye. 

c8.  Maggie  married  Donald  Macintyre,  Wishaw,  with 
issue — Thomas,  Donald,  Catherine. 

d.  Colin  died  in  Ardelve. 

e.  Flora  married  a  Mr  Sinclair,  and  emigrated  to 

/.  Mary  married  Duncan  Macrae,  Ardelve  (page  183, 
line  1),  with  issue  as  already  mentioned. 

g.  Janet  married  Duncan  Macqueen,  Ratagan,  with 
issue— (1)  Father  Macqueen,  Inverness.  (2)  John  Mac- 
queen,  Ardelve,  married  with  issue.  (3)  Donald  in 
America.     (4)  Archibald  in  America. 

2.  John,  son  of  Donald  VII.,  was  called  John  Roy, 
and  lived  for  some  time  in  Inverness.  He  married  and 
had  issue,  at  least  one  son,  whose  descendants  lived  a  few 
years  ago  in  Inverness ;  and  one  daughter,  Isabella,  who 
died  at  Dornie  in  Kintail. 


4/6  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

3.  Anne  married  George,  son  of  Donald,  son  of 
Alexander  of  the  Duilig  family,  with  issue,  as  mentioned 

4.  Catherine  married  Malcolm  Macrae,  tenant  at 
Cragaig,  with  issue.  (a)  Donald  died  unmarried  at 
Bundaloch.  (b)  Farquhar  married  a  daughter  of  Duncan 
Macrae,  Bundaloch.  He  had  issue,  and  emigrated  to 
America,     (c)  Mary  married  a  Mackerlich,  with  issue. 

IV.  John,  youngest  son  of  Domhnull  Duilig,  and 
fourth  in  descent  from  Ian  Carrach,  left  two  sons — 

1.  Kenneth,  who  was  a  tenant  in  Ardelve.  When 
an  old  man  he  joined  Earl  William  of  Seaforth's  army, 
and  was  present  at  the  Battle  of  Shenffmuir  in  1715.  On 
his  return  home  he  composed  a  celebrated  elegy  on  the 
"  Four  Johns  of  Scotland  "  who  fought  and  fell  in  the 
battle.  He  left  one  son,  Alexander,  who  lived  for  some 
time  at  Cragaig,  and  afterwards  at  Ardelve,  and  was  said 
to  have  attained  to  the  age  of  120  years.  A  sketch  of  his 
life  appeared  in  the  London  Courier  of  the  28th  November, 
1807  (page  407).  None  of  his  descendants  can  be  traced 
now  in  Kintail  or  Lochalsh,  and  it  is  probable  that  no 
tna)e  issue  survived  him. 

2.  John  (probably  the  Ian  Maclan  mentioned  on  pp. 
214,  408),  married  and  left  issue,  at  least  one  son — 

a.  Malcolm,  who  was  noted  for  his  loyal  adherence 
to  Seaforth  after  his  estates  were  forfeited  in  1715. 
Malcolm  took  an  active  part  in  resisting  the  attempts  of 
the  Forfeited  Estates  Commissioners  to  collect  the  rents 
on  the  Seaforth  estates.  He  was  present  at  the  skirmish 
at  Coille  Bhan  (page  359),  and  fired  the  shot  which 
severely  wounded  Captain  Macneill,  who  was  in  charge  of 
the  detachment.  When  Seaforth  obtained  a  pardon  from 
the  King,  and  returned  to  his  Estates  in  1726,  Malcolm 
was  offered  the  farm  of  Reraig  in  Lochalsh.  He,  how- 
ever, refused  this  offer,  and  chose,  in  preference,  part  of 
the  farm  of  Drudaig  in  Kintail.  Here  he  died  in  the  year 
173c,  leaving  two  sons — 

THE    HISTORY   OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  47/ 

ai.  John,  who  was  tacksman  of  Ardelve,  and  who 
married  a  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae  of  Drudaig,  with 
issue — (i)  Kenneth,  who  was  for  a  long  time  tacksman  of 
Ardelve  and  afterwards  innkeeper  at  Jeanton,  Lochcarron. 
He  died  at  the  age  of  57,  on  the  19th  July,  1819,  and  was 
buried  in  Kintail.  He  married  Jane  Mackenzie  with 
issue;  Hector  emigrated  to  Upper  Canada;  John 
emigrated  to  Upper  Canada;  Alexander  died  in  the  West 
Indies  ;  Christina  ;  Helen  ;  Isabella.  (2)  Isabella,  who 
married  John  Ban  Macrae,  Camusluinie,  with  issue — (a) 
John  married  Margaret  Macrae,  Camusluinie,  with  issue- 
John  married  Isabella  Macrae  of  the  Inchchro  family, 
and  died  at  Camusluinie  in  1904,  without  issue ;  Kenneth 
died  unmarried  in  Camusluinie  in  1905 ;  Catherine 
married  Kenneth  Maclennan,  Letterfearn,  with  issue.  (6) 
Christopher  married  Helen  Macrae,  Camusluinie,  and 
removed  with  his  family  to  Barra,  where  one  of  them, 
John,  is  now  living  with  issue.  (c)  Janet  married  John 
Mackerlich,  Ardnarff.  (3)  Mary  married  Farquhar  Mac- 
rae, Camusluinie,  with  issue  as  already  mentioned  (page 
128,  line  14  from  foot). 

«2.  Alexander  lived  in  Glenshiel.  He  marrieda  grand- 
daughter of  Eonachan  Dubh  (page  210,  line  14),  and  is  said 
to  have  had  issue  at  least  three  sons,  two  of  whom  are 
said  to  have  emigrated  from  Letterfearn  to  Australia. 
The  other  son  (1)  John  married  Catherine  Maclennan  with 
issue,  [a)  Margaret  married  John,  son  of  John  Macrae, 
Camusluinie,  with  issue,  John  married  Isabella  Macrae 
without  issue ;  Kenneth  died  unmarried ;  Catherine 
married  Kenneth  Maclennan,  Letterfearn,  with  issue  as 
mentioned  elsewhere,  (b)  Alexander  lived  in  Camusluinie, 
and  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae  of 
Cnoc-na-carn,  Camusluinie,  with  issue,  David,  born  18th 
April,  1846,  and  now  living  at  Camusluinie;  Alexander, 
died  in  New  Zealand;  Catherine,  married  Duncan 
Macrae,  with  issue,  Christopher,  in  New  Zealand,  married 
Rebecca  Carr,  with  issue— (Duncan,  Catherine  Margaret, 

478  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Christina  Grace),  Kate,  Alexander,  in  New  Zealand,  John 
in  New  Zealand,  Donald,  Alexander,  David  ;  Bella  now  in 
Camusluinie.  (c)  Donald  lived  in  Camusluinie  and 
Killilan,  and  married  Catherine  Macrae,  Inverinate,  with 
issue — Kate,  married  John  Fraser,  without  issue;  John, 
now  living  in  London,  married  Alice  Adams,  with  issue — 
Donald,  Kate,  John  ;  Mary  Anne,  married  a  Mr  Buxton, 
with  issue — Donald,  John ;  Christina,  married  Duncan 
Macmillan,  Dornie  ;  Flora,  married  Joseph  Tritlon,  with 
issue — Donald,  Christina,  Edward  ;  Bella  died.  (d) 
Christina,  married  Allan  Cameron,  Sallachy,  with  issue. 

IV.  FINLAY,  eldest  son  of  Domhuill  Duilig,  and 
fourth  in  descent  from  Ian  Carrach,  succeeded  his  father 
as  tacksman  of  Duilig  in  the  year  1580  He  left  at  least 
three  sons — 1.  Alexander  of  whom  hereafter,  Donald, 

V.  Donald,  second  son  of  Finlay  IV.,  lived  at  Duilig. 
He  married  and  left  issue  two  sons — John,  Finlay. 

VI.  John,  called  John  Roy,  eldest  son  of  Donald  V., 
was  "  remarkably  handsome  in  his  personal  appearance." 
He  lived  at  Conchra,  and  married  Isabella,  daughter  of 
John  Macrae,  one  of  the  famous  "  Four  Johns  of  Scotland  " 
(page  153),  who  fell  in  the  Battle  of  Sheriffmuir.  He  left 
issue  three  sons  and  two  daughters,  viz — 

1.  Finlay,  was  tenant  of  Duart,  Lochalsh,  in  1772. 
He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Donald  Macmillan,  Coilree, 
Kintail,  with  issue — 

(a)  John,  drowned  at  Point  of  Sleat,  in  1817.  (b) 
Donald,  married  Anabella,  daughter  of  Ewen  Mackenzie, 
Strome.     He  was  drowned  in  1847.     He  left  issue — 

bi.  John,  who  was  a  shipowner,  married  Isabella, 
daughter  of  John  Macrae,  Dornie,  on  the  23rd  of  March, 
1848,  with  issue — Donald,  John  Farquhar,  Isabella 
married  Kenneth  Finlayson,  Plockton,  with  issue,  Eliza, 
Anne,  Anabella  married  Gillian  Currie,  with  issue,  Betsie 
married  John  Macrae,  Letterfearn,  with  issue.  62.  Alex- 
ander.     63.    Ewen   went    to    California.       64.    Isabella 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  479 

married  John  Mackenzie,  son  of  Alexander  Mackenzie, 
Ardelve,  and  emigrated  to  America  in  1848.  65.  Jane 
married  Farquhar  Matheson,  Achnadarroch,  Lochalsh. 

c.  Colin  was  a  sailor.  He  married  Florence,  daughter 
of  John  Matheson,  Plockton,  with  issue  and  emigrated  to' 
Cape  Breton  in  1827. 

2.  Donald,  died  without  issue. 

3.  Farquhar,  the  third  son  of  John  Roy,  was  for  some 
time  tenant  at  Western  Achadhantighard,  Letterfearn,  but 
removed  to  Dornie  in  1794,  where  he  died  in  1825  aged  75 
years.  He  married  in  1772,  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of 
Duncan  Macrae,  son  of  Donald  of  Drudaig,  (page  162,  line 
14),  and  had  issue — 

a.  John,  born  1776,  was  "  a  very  ingenious  man  and  a 
handy  craft."  He  married  in  1809  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Matheson,  schoolmaster,  Dornie,  (page  48,  nth 
line  from  foot).  He  died  at  Dornie  on  the  15th  of 
February,  1858,  aged  82  years.  He  left  issue — ax.  John, 
who  was  born  in  1812.  az.  Farquhar,  died  in  1836.  a$. 
Alexander,  born  14th  March,  1829.  #4.  Anne,  married 
Christopher  Macrae,  Bundaloch,  in  1839,  and  emigrated 
to  Australia  in  1852.  <i$.  Isabella,  married  John  Macrae, 
Plockton,  with  issue  as  already  mentioned.  a6.  Mary, 
married  in  April,  1849,  Duguld  Matheson,  Avernish, 
Lochalsh,  and  emigrated  to  America  in  the  following  June. 

(b)  Donald,  born  1784,  married  in  1818,  Mary, 
daughter  of  Captain  Duncan  Macrae  of  Inverinate,  with 
issue — bi.  Duncan,  born  on  22nd  January,  1819  ;  died 
unmarried,  bz,  Kenneth,  died  unmarried.  63.  John  Roy, 
was  for  several  years  tacksman  of  the  farm  of  Bundaloch. 
He  died  unmarried  at  Dornie.  64.  Farquhar  died  un- 
married. 65.  Mary,  married  Finlay  Macrae,  Carr,  with 
issue  as  already  mentioned,  (page  185,  line  12).  66. 
Magdalen,  now  (1909),  living  at  Dornie.  bj.  Florence, 
married  Alexander  Macnair,  Accountant  in  the  City 
Chambers,  Edinburgh.  She  died  in  1905,  leaving  issue — 
Annie,  Donald,  Mary,  Flora. 

480  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

(c)  Duncan  died  unmarried,  (d)  Anabella,  married 
in  1787,  Donald,  son  of  Donald  Macrae,  tacksman  of 
Achadhantighard,  who  was  Innkeeper  at  Totaig,  but  in 
1796  removed  to  Dornie  where  he  died  leaving  issue — 
(di.)  Alexander,  died  unmarried  at  Dornie.  (dz.)  John, 
died  in  New  Orleans,  leaving  issue,  one  daughter,  Sarah 
Anabella  Eliza.  (^3.)  Donald,  died  unmarried.  (d^.) 
Colin,  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  Murdo  Macrae, 
and  emigrated  to  America,  where  he  left  issue — Alex- 
ander, Donald,  John,  Colin,  Isabella,  Christina.  (^5.)  Dun- 
can, died  in  Carolina,  America.  (d6.)  Annie,  married 
John  Roy  Macrae,  son  of  Finlay,  son  of  Duncan  Macrae, 
Camusluinie,  and  has  issue  of  thirteen  sons  and  danghters 
in  Ontario.  (^7.)  Isabella,  married  in  1818,  John 
Matheson,  Dornie,  (page  48,  6th  line  from  foot),  with 
issue — (1)  John,  died  at  Dornie  ;  (2)  Flora,  married 
Farquhar  Maclennan,  and  is  now  (1909),  living  at  Dornie; 

(3)  Annie,  married  James  Turnbull,  with  issue  in  America; 

(4)  Marion,  married  James  Murchison,  Oregon,  with  issue; 

(5)  Mary,  died  at  Dornie ;  (6)  Roderick,  now  (1909), 
living  at  Dornie  ;  (7)  Anabella,  married  Roderick  Macrae, 
Inverinate,  with  issue — John  ;  Christina,  married  D. 
Macmillan.  Oregon,  with  issue  ;  Catherine,  married  Peter 
Campbell,  headmaster  of  the  Abriachan  Public  School, 
Inverness-shire,  with  issue  ;  (8)  Donald,  died  at  Dornie  ; 
(9)  Alexander,  shipowner  at  Dornie.  He  was  an  excellent 
folklorist  and  genealogist,  and  wrote  manuscript  notes  on 
the  Clan  Macrae,  the  Clan  Matheson,  and  the  Clan 
Mackenzie.  He  died  on  the  14th  of  October,  1897  ;  (10) 
Betsie,  now  (1909),  living  at  Dornie. 

(e)  Isabella,  married  Donald  Mackerlich,  and  emigrated 
to  Cape  Breton,  where  she  left  issue. 

(f)  Florence,  married  Finlay  Macrae,  shoemaker, 
Dornie,  with  issue  of  three  sons  and  four  daughters,  who 
emigrated  to  Canada  in  1845. 

(g)  Isabella,  married  Duncan  Macrae,  Bruaich,  Dornie, 
She  emigrated  with  her  husband  to  Cape  Breton  in  1822. 

THE    HISTORY   OF   THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  48  I 

4.  Annie,  daughter  of  John  Roy,  married  Alexander 
Stewart,  miller,  Nostie,  Lochalsh,  with  issue. 

5.  Mary. 

VI.  Finlay,  younger  son  of  Donald  V.,  married  and 
left  a  son. 

VII.  Donald,  who  lived  at  Cnoc-na-carn,  Camusluinie, 
in  1700.  He  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  Murdoch 
Murchison,  Caiplach,  Lochalsh,  and  had  issue,  two  sons, 
each  named  Alexander. 

VIII.  Alexander,  born  1728;  lived  at  Cnoc  na-carn. 
He  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae, 
Camusluinie,  with  issue — 

a.  Finlay,  who  served  in  the  78th  Highlanders,  and  was 
killed  in  India  in  1794. 

b.  Alexander,  married  Isabella,  daughter  of  Murdo  Roy 
Macrae  of  Corriedhoin,  with  issue — 

61.  Mary,  married  Malcolm  Macrae,  Ardelve,with  issue— 
(r)  Murdo  in  Stornoway  ;  (2)  Maggie,  married  Roderick 
Morrison,  Harris,  with  issue;  (3)  Alexander,  Preventive 
Officer,  Inland  Revenue,  Lochcarron,  married  with  issue- 
Mary  Catherine;  (4)  Roderick,  died  unmarried:  (5) 
John,  in  Glasgow,  married  with  issue— Malcolm  Alexander; 

(6)  Barbara  married  a   Mr  Morrison,  Lewis,  with  issue  ; 

(7)  Bella,   unmarried. 

62.  Catherine  married  Alexander  Macrae,  Camusluinie, 
a  descendant  of  Ian  Carrach,  with  issue,  as  already 

63.  Isabella,  married  Farquhar  Maclennan,  Camusluinie, 
with  issue— (1)  Isabella,  married  Duncan  Macrae,  New 
Zealand,  with  issue,  as  already  mentioned,  (page  166,  line 
6).  (2)  Mary,  in  New  Zealand  ;  (3)  Catherine,  died  in 
Camusluinie;  (4)  Alexander,  in  New  Zealand,  married 
Jane  Leishman,  with  issue— Bella,  Farquhar,  Sarah, 
Robert.  (5)  Annie,  married  Alexander  Maclennan, 
Camusluinie,  with  issue— Ewen,  Mourdina,  Farquhar 
Alexander,  Flora  Jane,  Bella  Kate,  Duncan.  (6)  Murdo, 
died     in     Camusluinie;     (7)   Jane,     married     Alexander 

482  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Maclennan,  Plockton,  with  issue — Murdo,  Maggie ;  (8) 
John,  in  New  Zealand ;  (9)  Ewen,  in  New  Zealand, 
married  with  issue. 

c.  Donald,  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  John  Macrae, 
Camusluinie,  with  issue — 

el.  Alexander,  died  unmarried. 

cz.  John,  married,  Maggie  Macinnes,  Drumbuie, 
Lochalsh,  with  issue — Donald,  John,  Kate,  Donald, 
Alexander,  Duncan,  Bella. 

c$.  Duncan,  in  Glenelg.  He  married  a  Miss  Morrison, 
with  issue — one  son,  Malcolm. 

C4.  Catherine,  married  Malcolm  Morrison,  Glenelg, 
with  issue. 

C5.  Isabella,  married  Duncan  Macrae,  son  of  Duncan 
Roy,  Ardelve,  with  issue,  as  already  mentioned. 

d.  Margaret,  married  Duncan  Macdonald,  Camusluinie, 
with  issue. 

e.  Catherine,  married  Alexander  Macrae,  Ardnarff, 
Lochalsh,  with  issue — (1)  Alexander,  went  to  Mull,  where 
he  married  with  issue — John,  a  farmer  in  Kerrera,  and  two 
daughters,  one  of  whom  is  named  Rebecca  ;  (2)  Rebecca, 
married  George  Maculloch,  Dornie,  with  issue  ;  (3)  Anne 
died  unmarried. 

/.  Catherine,  married  John  Mackay,  Camusluinie,  with 
issue — Maggie,  Kate,  Anne,  Donald  in  Stirling. 

g.  Janet,  married  Alexander  Macrae,  Camusluinie,  with 
issue,  three  daughters,  and  a  son  Alexander,  married  Isa- 
bella Finlayson,  with  issue — William,  in  Glasgow  ;  John 
lived  for  several  years  in  China  and  died  in  Glasgow 
leaving  issue — John  Hector,  Jessie ;  Duncan  ;  Jessie. 

h.  Janet,  married  Duncan  Macmillan,  Dornie,  with 
issue — Alexander,  who  was  one  of  the  best  genealogists  in 
Kintail,  (see  preface,  page  v.);  Farquhar,  died  in  Greenock; 
Annie;  Christina;  Annie. 

i.  Christina,  married  Farquhar  Macrae,  Letterfearn, 
with  issue — 

ii.  Farquhar,  married  Catherine  Macrae,  with  issue — 


Farquhar,  Parochial  Inspector,  Broadford,  who  married  a 
Miss  Macleod,  with  issue ;  Christopher  married  Helen 
Paterson,  with  issue ;  Catherine ;  Christina,  married 
Donald  Macrae,  with  issue  ;  Duncan. 

>2.  Donald,  married  a  Maciae  from  Inverinate,  with 
issue,  Farquhar,  married  Mary  Macdonald,  with  issue — 
Kate  ;  Donald,  married  with  issue,  in  Glasgow. 

?3.  Finlay  married  Mary  Macdonald,  Letterfearn,  with 
issue — Murdo,  who  married  Anne  Murchison,  with  issue  ; 
Christina,  married  William  Renwick,  with  issue,  on3  son 
Finlay;  Catherine,  married  a  Mr  Ferguson,  with  issue; 
Mary  ;  Maggie,  married  a  Mr  Currie,with  issue  ;  Farquhar, 
married  Christina  Macrae,  in  Glasgow,  with  issue. 

14.  Alexander  married  Catherine  Macrae,  with  issue — 
Duncan,  married  in  New  Zealand,  with  issue;  Christina, 
married  Robert  Macrae,  with  issue  ;  Alexander,  married 
Jane  Matheson,  with  issue  ;   Farquhar  ;  Maggie  ;  Patrick. 

j.  Mary,  married  a  Macrae  from  Bundaloch,  with  issue. 

VIII.  Alexander,  second  son  of  Donald  VII.,  married 
and  left  issue,  two  sons.  One  of  them  was  a  tailor,  and 
is  said  to  have  gone  to  America.  The  other,  Alexander, 
married  Catherine  Macrae,  daughter  of  Donald  Macrae  of 
Nonach  (page  455,  7th  line  from  foot),  and  went,  about 
the  year  1850,  to  Lochalsh,  Ontario,  Canada.  He  had 
issue — 

1.  Duncan  Roy,  married  Margaret  Macdonald,  with 
numerous  issue,  in  Ontario. 

2.  Donald  Buidh,  married  in  Lochalsh,  Ontario,  and 
left  numerous  issue. 

3.  Donald  Roy,  married  Catherine  Matheson,  with 
issue — 

a.  Donald,  a  merchant  in  Erbusaig,  Lochalsh,  Ross- 
shire,  where  he  died  in  October,  1909.  He  married  Anne 
Gillies,  with  issue — 

ai.  Catherine  Mary ;  az.  Dolina ;  a$.  John  Duncan; 
«4.  William  John,  now  a  student  at  the  Dingwall 

b.  Rev.  Kenneth,  Free  Church  minister  of  Glenshiel. 

484  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

c.  John  died  unmarried. 

d.  Duncan  died  unmarried. 

e.  Catherine. 

/.  Flora,  married  John  Finlayson,  with  issue. 

4.  Christina,  married,  with  issue,  in  Ontario. 

5.  Janet,  in  Ontario. 

6.  Mary,  married,  with  issue,  in  Ontario. 

7.  Isabella,  married  a  Mr  Finlayson,  in  Ontario,  with 

V.  Roderick,  third  son  of  Finlay,  son  of  Domhuill 
Duilig,  "  was  a  brave,  handsome  man,  and  exceed- 
ingly tall  in  stature."  As  a  young  man  he  joined 
the  forces  of  Seaforth,  and  was  present  at  the  Battle  of 
Auldearn  in  1645.  He  afterwards  became  in  a  romantic 
manner  the  confidential  friend  and  adviser  of  Mackenzie 
of  Fairburn,  a  near  relative  of  whom  he  married.  When 
a  very  old  man  he  was  drowned  while  fording  the  river 
Flchaig  in  Kintail.  He  left  numerous  issue,  of  whom  only 
a  few  can  now  be  traced.  One  of  his  sons  lived  in  Easter 
Ross,  from  whom  was  descended  the  Rev.  William 
Macrae,  chaplain  of  the  78th  Highlanders,  and  afterwards 
minister  of  Barvas  in  Island  of  Lewis,  where  he  died  in 
1855,  leaving  issue  Dr  Charles  Macrae,  Stornoway,  who 
married  a  daughter  of  John  Mackenzie,  Strome,  with  issue. 
Another  descendant  of  Roderick  was  the  late  Rev.  John 
Macrae,  Stornoway,  Lewis.  One  of  Roderick's  sons  was — 

VI.  John,  who  lived  in  Kintail,  and  married  with  issue 
— two  sons,  Malcolm,  Roderick. 

VII.  Malcolm,  eldest  son  of  John,  married  and  left 
issue,  at  least  one  son. 

VIII.  Alexander,  who  lived  in  Bundaloch,  and  was 
an  old  man  in  1772.     He  married  and  left  issue — 

1.  Duncan,  who  emigrated  to  America  with  issue. 

2.  John,  died  of  fever  while  crossing  to  America. 

3.  Malcolm,  called  Callum  Ruadh,  married  with  issue. 
a.  Annie  married  Roderick  Finlayson,  with  issue. 

<«J.  Alexander  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  Donald 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  4S5 

Macrae,  Portchullin,  Lochn.lsh,  with  issue — Catherine 
married  Duncan  Macrae,  Bundaloch,  with  issue,  (page 
130,  nth  line  from  first) ;  Anne  ;  Mary  ;  Bella  ;  John. 

az.  Donald,  married  in  Lossiemouth,  with  numerous 

b.  Donald,  emigrated  to  America. 

4.  Donald  married  and  left  issue. 

a.  Donald,  called  Domhuill  Beg  (Little  Donald), 
married  Helen,  daughter  of  Alexander  Macrae,  Ardelve, 
with  issue,  ax,  Mary,  died  unmarried  ;  az.  Maggie,  died 
unmarried ;  ^3.  Anabella,  married  Duncan  Mackenzie, 
Coigach,  Lochbroom,  emigrated  to  Canada  where  she  has 
issue,  one  son,  Donald  ;  a\.  Catherine,  married  Donald. 
McLaren,  with  issue  ;  ^5.  Bella,  married  Roderick  Mac- 
lennan,  Letterfearn,  with  issue. 

b.  Margaret,  married  Murdo  Macrae,  Bundaloch,  with 
issue;  61.  Kenneth;  bz.  Christina;  63.  Anabella;  64. 
Mary,  married  John  Maclennan,  Ruorach,  Kintail, 
with  issue — Duncan  ;  John  ;  Maggie  married  Duncan 
Macrae  with  issue;  Mary  married  Mr  Kennedy,  Plockton, 
with  issue. 

c.  Christina,  married  Finlay  Mackerlich,  Bundaloch, 
with  issue — ci.  John,  married  Catherine  Mackay,  Aultna- 
suth,  with  issue;  c?„  Mary;  13.  Maggie;  c\\.  Finlay, 
married  Maggie  Macrae,  Bundaloch, with  issue — Farquhai, 
who  is  now  living  in  Bundaloch, 

5.  Roderick,  married  Anabella,  daughter  of  Domhuill 
MacThomais  Macrae  of  Chriamphall,  Carr,  Kintail,  a  de- 
scendant of  Ferachar  Maclan  Og,  with  issue — 

a.  John,  married  Maggie  Macrae,  Dornie,  with  issue — 
John  at  Bundaloch  ;  Joan ;  Grace,  at  Bundaloch,  with 
issue — John  Macrae  and  Margaret  Macrae. 

b.  Alexander,  died  unmarried. 

c.  Christopher,  married  Isabella,  daughter  of  John 
Macrae,  (called  Ian  Soar,  John  the  Carpenter),  who  is 
mentioned  hereafter,  with  issue — CI.  Marion  ;  cz.  Roderick 
who  is  now  (1909),  headmaster  of  the  Public  School,  Glen- 

486  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

convinth,  Inverness,  and  married  to  Anne,  daughter  of 
Donald  Mackenzie,  Coigach,  Lochbroom,  with  issue — 
Christopher  Donald,  Isabella. 

d.  Duncan,  lived  at  Horsham,  Victoria,  Australia.  He 
married  Anne  Maclennan,  with  issue,  now  in  Victoria — 
Anabella,  married  the  Rev.  Mr  Fowler;  Roderick  ;  Chris- 
tina; Catherine;  Flora. 

e.  Roderick,  married  Flora  Maclennan,  with  issue — ei. 
Isabella,  married  Mr  Mackinnon,  Bridge  of  Allan,  with 
issue ;  e2.  Roderick,  now  a  farmer  in  St  Louis,  America ; 
e$.  Anabella,  married  in  St  Louis ;  #4.  Mary,  married  Mr 
Cameron,  Greenock,  with  issue  ;  e$.  Grace,  in  St  Louis  ; 
e6.  John,  a  farmer  in  Alberta,  Canada;  ej.  Murdo,  a 
farmer  in  Alberta,  Canada. 

/.  Bella,  married  Thomas  Macrae,  Dornie,  as  his  first 
wife  without  issue. 

g.  Donald,  married  Jessie,  daughter  of  Duncan  Mac- 
millan,  Bundaloch,  with  issue — Roderick,  emigrated  to 
America  ;  Duncan,  emigrated  to  America  ;  Anne,  married 
Mr  Watson,  Glenbrittle,  Skye.with  issue;  Bella,  Catherine. 

VII.  Roderick,  son  of  John,  son  of  Roderick, 
married  Mary  Murchison,  with  issue — 

1.  John  Mor,  (Big  John),  lived  at  Attadale.  He 
married  and  left  issue — 

a.  Alexander,  called  the  Moar  Dubh,  (The  Black 
Ground  Officer,)  married  Mary  Macrae,  Sallachy,  with 
issue — 

ai.  Duncan,  emigrated  to  Australia  about  1850.  He 
married  with  issue,  two  sons  in  Melbourne ;  a2.  John 
married  a  Maclean  in  Skye  ;  a$.  Donald,  died  young  ;  a\. 
Anne,  married  with  issue  in  Australia  ;  a$.  Kate,  married 
with  numerous  issue  in  South  Uist ;  a6.  Christina,  married 
in  Glasgow,  with  issue. 

b.  Donald,  lived  in  Attadale,  and  married  Kate  Mac- 
donald,  Camuslunie,  with  issue  ;  Duncan,  died  unmarried; 
Bella,  married  Mr  Cameron  with  issue ;  Anne,  married 
John  Macaulay,  Inverinate,  with  issue. 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  487 

c.  Mary,  married  Kenneth  Maclean,  Lochcarron,  with 

d.  Catherine,  married  Murdo  Macrae,  Attadale,  with 
issue,  Kate,  married  Christopher  Macrae,  Inverinate,  with 
issue,  one  daughter  in  Melbourne. 

2.  Donald,  married  Christina,  daughter  of  John 
Mackerlich,  with  issue — 

a.  John,  called  Ian  Soar  (John  the  Carpenter),  married 
Marion,  daughter  of  Duncan  Macrae,  Sallachy,  Lochalsh, 
with  issue — 

ai.  Donald,  died  at  Park,  Bundaloch ;  a?.  Donald 
Buidh,  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  Archibald  Macrae, 
Bundaloch,  with  issue — John,  married  Mary  Maclennan, 
Camuslongart  ;  Annie  in  New  Zealand  ;  Archibald  ; 
Duncan,  married  in  New  Zealand,  with  issue  ;  Marion, 
married  Hugh  Mackenzie,  Lochbroom,  with  issue  ;  Alex- 
ander, in  New  Zealand,  married  first  Mary  Matheson, 
with  issue — Mary  Anne,  and  secondly  Jessie  Rogerson, 
with  issue — Donald  and  Jessie  ;  Mary. 

b.  Donald  Soar,  married  a  Mackenzie,  daughter  of  the 
Gobha  Ban  (the  Fair  Blacksmith),  Ardelve.  He 
emigrated  to  America  where  he  left  issue — 61.  Roderick, 
married  with  issue;  bz.  Mary  married  Neil,  son  of  John  Ban 
Mackenzie,  Lochcarron,  with  issue — Donald,  in  Laurier; 
Christina,  in  Lochalsh,  Canada;  Margaret,  died  joung; 
John,  in  Laurier  ;  Niel  Gault  ;  Johan,  died  young;  Mary 
Ann  ;  Roderick,  the  gigantic  Drum- Major  of  the  famous 
Canadian  "  Kilties  Band,"  which  visited  this  country  a  few 
years  ago.  His  height  is  7  feet  1^  inches.  b$.  Isabella, 
married  Mr  Mackay,  Laurier,  Ontario. 

c.  Roderick  Soar,  lived  at  Ardnarff,  Lochalsh.  He 
married  Julia,  daughter  of  Donald  Macrae,  son  of  George 
of  the  Duilig  Family  with  issue;  ci.  John,  died  unmarried 
at  Ardnarff  in  1905  ;  C2.  Jock  died  unmarried  at  Ardnarff 
in  1904 ;  03.  Donald  married  Anne,  daughter  of 
John  Mackerlich,  Ardnarff.  He  died  in  Southland, 
New  Zealand,  where  he  left  issue — Julia  married  to  a  Mac- 

488  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

gregor  with  issue  ;  Donald  ;  Roderick  ;  John  ;  Jessie ;  C4. 
Donald,  married  Marion  Cameron,  Aultnasuth,  with  issue, 
Mary  married  Archibald  Weir,  Glasgow,  with  issue — 
George,  Donald,  Archibald  ;  Duncan,  married  as  his  first 
wife  Flora  Macdonald,  Fernaig,  Lochalsh,  with  issue — 
Christina,  Donald,  and  as  his  second  wife  Annie  Maccoll, 
Appin,  with  issue — Catherine  ;  Roderick,  married  Marjory 
Maclennan,  with  issue — Sarah,  Kate ;  Anabella,  married 
Donald  Macrae,  Portchullin,  and  lives  now  in  Plockton  ; 
C5.  Anabella,  married  Donald  Cameron,  Sallachy,  and 
left  issue — Mary,  married  Joseph  Macpherson,  Ord,  Skye, 
with  issue — Neil,  who  was  drowned,  Anabella,  Jane,  Mary, 
Ewen,  Norman,  in  Kyleakin  ;  Roderick,  married  Mary, 
daughter  of  Malcolm  Macrae,  Glenelg,  with  issue — Jessie, 
Malcolm,  Anabella,  Donald ;  c$.  Mary  died  young  ;  c6. 
Janet,  now  (1909),  living  at  Ardnarff ;  cj.  Christina,  now 
(1909),  living  at  Ardnarff. 

d.  Catherine,  married  John,  son  of  Murdo  Mackenzie, 
Aultnasuth,  with  issue — Christina,  John,  Donald,  who  is 
a  good  genealogist. 

V.  ALEXANDER,  eldest  son  of  Finlay,  eldest  son  of 
Domhuill  Duilig,  and  fifth  in  descent  from  Ian  Carrach, 
succeeded  his  father  to  the  lands  of  Duilig.  He  was 
married  and  left  issue  at  least  one  son. 

VI.  DONALD,  who  held  the  lands  of  Duilig  and  part 
of  Killilan.  He  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  George 
Mackenzie  of  Dochmaluak,  by  whom  he  had  issue  six  sons 
and  some  daughters,  viz. — John,  George,  Alexander, 
Donald,  Roderick.  The  names  of  the  rest  of  the  family 
cannot  now  be  traced. 

1.  JOHN,  eldest  son  of  Donald  VI.  was  known  as  Ian 
Ruadh.  He  was  a  gentleman  of  considerable  learning 
and  accomplishments,  being  when  young  educated  in  the 
Chanonry  of  Ross  (Fortrose).  He  had  most  of 
Glenelchaig  under  stock  and  used  to  send  droves  of  cows 
and  horses  to  the  Southern  markets.  He  died  in  1720  in 
Strathglass  on  his  way  home  from  the  Contin  market,  but 

THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE.  489 

his  body  was  brought  to  Kintail  and  was  buried  in 
Kilduich.  It  is  said  that  John  left  more  wealth  behind 
him  than  any  of  the  Macraes  of  Duilig,  who  lived  in  Kin- 
tail.  He  married  a  daughter  of  Captain  John  Murchison 
Auchtertyre,  by  whom  he  had  issue  only  one  daughter, 
who  married  a  Macrae  of  Aryugan,  Kintail. 

2.  George,  of  whom  hereafter. 

3.  Alexander,  was  called  Alistair  Caol,  (slender 
Alexander).  He  was  a  great  hunter,  and  is  said  to  have 
obtained  special  permission  from  Seaforth  to  hunt  on  his 
forests  at  his  will.  He  lived  in  Coilree  in  Glenelchaig,  and 
when  an  old  man  he  emigrated  in  I774  to  Carolina  with  a 
family  of  sons  and  daughters,  one  of  whom  Roderick  was 
married  to  a  daughter  of  Colin,  son  of  the  Rev.  Donald 
Macrae,  junior  minister  of  Kintail.  Roderick  is  known  to 
have  had  descendants  in  good  circumstances  dispersed 
through  the  State  of  Carolina,  and  he  was  evidently  the 
Roderick  Macrae,  who  landed  at  Wilmington  in  1774,  and 
from  whom  the  Macraes  of  Wilmington  are  descended. 
(Page  248). 

4.  Donald,  was  called  Domhuill  a  Chogidh  (Donald  the 
Fighter),  on  account  of  his  spirited  and  fiery  disposition. 
He  was  a  farmer  and  married  with  issue — 

a.  Malcolm,  called  Callum  Ruadh,  lived  for  some  time 
in  Glencannich.  He  married  a  Macrae  from  Kintail,  and 
had  issue — ax.  Malcolm,  called  Callum  Og,  who  when  a 
young  man  emigrated  to  America ;  02.  A  son,  who  was  for 
several  years  a  tailor  in  Strathglass.  He  married  a 
daughter  of  Farquhar,  son  of  Donald  Macdonald,  Camus- 
luinie,  and  emigrated  to  America  ;  ^3.  A  daughter,  who 
lived  till  recently  at  Crasg  in  Strathglass. 

5.  Roderick,  was  a  farmer  at  Altnabrahan  in  Glenling, 
Lochalsh.     He  was  married  and  left  issue. 

a.  Donald,  who  was  a  soldier  in  the  78th  Highlanders, 
and  was  present  at  the  "Affair  of  the  Macraes"  in  Edin- 
burgh in  1778.  He  went  with  his  regiment  to  India  and 
was  present  at  several  engagements.      He  returned    to 

490  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Kintail  and  is  known  to  have  lived  as  an  old  man  at  Ridh- 
Breac,  Glenling,  in  the  year  1810.  He  married  Mary, 
daughter  of  Kenneth  Maclennan,  Kintail,  and  by  her  had 

fli.  Alexander,  a  poet  of  considerable  talent.  He  lived 
for  several  years  in  the  Ling  Valley,  Lochalsh,  and  about 
the  year  1837  he  emigrated  to  Carolina.  From  there  he 
removed  to  Louisville,  Kentucky,  where  he  lived  for  many 
years.  When  the  Civil  War  broke  out,  he  remained 
neutral  and  suffered  imprisonment  for  about  a  year.  At 
the  conclusion  of  the  war  he  removed  to  Pollard,  Barber 
County,  Alabama,  where  he  was  Postmaster  for  some  time. 
He  married  a  lady  of  German  extraction  with  issue — (1) 
Mary  Ann,  married  a  Mr  Sutherland.  (2)  Donald,  was 
Captain  in  one  of  the  regiments  of  the  Federal  Army.  (3) 
Alexander,  served  in  the  Federal  Army  and  was  severely 
wounded  in  one  of  the  engagements. 

«2.  Roderick,  lived  for  some  time  in  Sallachy,  and 
afterwards  removed  to  Applecross.  He  married  Barbara 
Macrae,  with  issue — (1)  John,  married  Mary  Macdonald, 
Torridon,  and  died  in  Inverness  in  1906,  leaving  issue — 
Alexander,  in  South  Africa  ;  Roderick,  in  New  Zealand  ; 
John,  in  Inverness;  Catherine,  married  in  Inverness.  (2) 
Mary,  died  young. 

«3.  Annie,  died  unmarried  in  Aultnasuth. 

«4.  Christina,  married  John  Maclennan,  Aultnasuth, 
with  issue — (1)  Donald,  now  living  in  Maryburgh,  Rosa- 
shire.  He  married  Annabella  Macinnes,  with  issue — John 
Alexander,  died  young  ;  Murdo  in  Vancouver ;  Donald  in 
Vancouver  ;  Caleb  ;  Jessie.     (2)  Murdo,  died  in  Plockton. 

^5.  Alexander,  died  young,  b.  Lilias,  died  unmarried, 
c.  Anne,  died  unmarried. 

6.  Another  son  of  Donald  VI.,  whose  name  cannot 
now  be  traced,  lived  for  many  years  in  Ishcean,  in 
Strathfarrar,  but  afterwards  removed  to  Munlochy,  where 
he  died.  He  was  married  and  left  issue.  Two  of  his 
grandsons,  Roderick  and  Thomas,  died  unmarried  a  few 
years  ago. 

THE    HISTORY    Ol"    THE    (LAN    MACRAE.  49 1 

VII.  GEORGE,  the  second  son  of  Donald  VI., 
was  tacksman  of  Duilig  in  his  young  days,  and 
was  the  last  of  the  family  of  Domhuill  Duilig  to  live 
in  the  old  home.  He  removed  to  Camusluinie  in  177.2, 
and  a  few  years  afterwards  he  accompanied  his  son, 
Donald  to  Gairloch,  where  he  and  his  wife  died,  and  were 
buried  in  the  Churchyard  of  Tournaig.  George  is  said  to 
have  been  married  to  Anne,  daughter  of  Donald,  son  of 
John  Ban,  son  of  Donald,  son  of  Donald  of  Duilig,  and 
by  her  he  had  issue,  some  daughters  and  one  son. 

VIII.  DONALD,  who  was  a  farmer  in  Camusluinie. 
About  1778  he  went  with  his  aged  parents  and  young 
family  to  Tournaig  in  Gairloch,  but  returned  to  Kintail 
about  the  year  1815.  He  was  drowned  in  Loch  Long  in 
the  spring  of  1827,  at  the  age  of  72,  and  was  buried  in 
Killilan.  He  married  Julia,  daughter  of  Thomas  Macrae 
of  Carr,  a  descendant  of  Ferachar  Maclan  Oig  (Page 
1S7),  and  by  her  he  had  issue. 

1.  Donald,  of  whom  below. 

2.  Thomas,  who  was  a  farmer  in  Camusluinie.  He 
married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Donald  Ban  Macrae  of 
Nonach,  Lochalsh,  of  the  Balnain  family  with  issue. 

a.  Murdoch,  born  in  1824,  lived  in  Camusluinie,  Kin- 
tail,  where  he  died  on  the  5th  of  September,  iyog.  He 
married  Isabella,  daughter  of  William  Macrae,  Carr,  (page 
185,  line  5),  with  issue. 

ai.  William,  in  Camusluinie 
az.  Elizabeth,  in  Camusluinie. 

03.  Alexander,  educated  at  the  Grammar  School 
of  Aberdeen,  and  graduated  M.A.  of  Aberdeen  University 
in  1904.  He  is  now  (1910)  a  Master  at  the  Royal 
Masonic  School,  Bushey,  Hertfordshire,  and  is  the  author 
of  this  chapter  on  the  Claim  Ian  Charrich  Macraes. 

«4.  Donald,  of  Messrs  A.  Dow  &  Company,  Edinburgh. 

b.  Mary,  was  born  in  1826.     She  married  John,  son  of 

492  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE    CLAN    MACRAE. 

Duncan,  son   of  Fionnla  Ban,  (page   182,  13th   line  from 
foot),  with  issue  as  already  mentioned.     (Page  463). 

3.  John,  emigrated  when  a  young  man  to  Ontario, 
Canada.  He  lived  for  many  years  as  a  prosperous 
merchant  in  the  town  of  Port  Colborne.  He  married  first 
a  Macgregor  (daughter  of  c.  Margaret  or  d.  Isabella,  page 
164),  with  issue. 

a.  Bella,  who  died  unmarried  at  Port  Colborne  in  1868, 
aged  24  years.  John,  married  as  his  second  wife,  Mary 
Grabel,  with  issue. 

b.  John  Cyrus  Matthew  Fraser,  who  died  unmarried  at 
Port  Colborne  in  January,  1904. 

c.  Edward  Grabel,  who  died  unmarried  at  Port 
Colborne  in  1898. 

4.  Jessie,  married  Malcolm,  son  of  Farquhar  Macrae, 
(Ferachar  Buidh  nan  Fiadh),  with  issue. 

a.  Annie,  married  Alexander  Murchison,  Drumbuie, 
Lochalsh  with  issue. 

b.  George,  married  and  emigrated  to  America,  where 
he  left  issue. 

c.  Maggie,  died  unmarried  in  Ardelve  in  1905. 

d.  Mary,  died  unmarried  in  Ardelve. 

e.  Catherine,  married  in  South  of  Scotland  with  issue, 
one  daughter. 

5.  Julia,  married  Roderick  Saor,  son  of  Donald 
Macrae,  Ardnarff,  with  issue  as  already  mentioned. 

6.  Mary,  married  Finlay  Mackay,  Avernish,  Lochalsh, 
with  issue. 

a.  Donald  died  in  Cardiff,  was  married  without  issue. 

b.  John,  now  living  unmarried  at  Avernish. 

c.  Christina,  died  unmarried  in  Avernish. 

d.  Mary,  died  unmarried  in