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Darl    Me,nonal    Library 

3  1735  060  441   957 

Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 

in  2010  with  funding  from 

University  of  Pittsburgh  Library  System 





J.  SIMPSON    AFRICA,    b.l^ol- 



18  8  3. 

?RESS    OF    J.    B.    LIPPINCOTT    &   CO.,    PHILADELPHI 



This  handsomely-printed  and  illustrated  volume  is  the  result  of  the  efforts  of  Major  Louis 
H.  Everts  to  prepare  and  publish  a  history  of  the  counties  of  Huntingdon  and  Blair.  The 
material  for  the  histories  of  the  several  sub-divisions  of  these  counties  was  chiefly  collated  and 
the  sketches  prepared  by  writers  detailed  for  that  purpose  by  the  publisher,  as  follows:  J.  L. 
Rockey  for  Barree,  Brady,  Franklin,  Henderson,  Jackson,  Juniata,  Logan,  Miller,  Morris, 
Oneida,  Porter,  Walker,  Warrior's  Mark,  and  West  townships  of  Huntingdon  County,  and 
Snyder  and  Tyrone  of  Blair  County;  Dr.  Thomas  Cushing  for  Carbon,  Cass,  Hopewell,  Lincoln, 
Tod,  and  Union;  William  H.  Shaw  for  Clay,  Cromwell,  Dublin,  Shirley,  Springfield,  and  Tell 
townships  of  Huntingdon;  and  J.  H.  Schenck  for  the  other  townships  of  Blair  County.  The 
sketcli  of  the  city  of  Altoona  was  commenced  by  J.  P.  Snell,  and  completed,  after  his  death, 
by  Dr.  Thomas  Cushing  and  others,  and  that  of  Penn  township  was  written  by  Dr.  John  H. 
Wintrode.  Chapter  XVII.,  the  "  Bench  and  Bar,"  was  prepared  by  Theodore  H.  Cremer,  Esq., 
and  the  narratives  of  the  numerous  military  organizations  that  participated  in  the  great  conflict 
for  the  maintenance  of  the  integrity  of  our  national  Union  were  written  by  Capt.  Franklin 
Ellis.  Additional  information,  drawn  from  various  reliable  sources,  was  incorporated  with  these 

It  is  not  claimed  tliat  this  work  is  free  from  error.  It  treats  of  a  region  whose  history 
began  nearly  a  century  and  a  half  ago,  and  which  has  within  that  period  developed  from  an 
-almost  ti-ackless  wilderness  to  become  the  happy  home  of  ninety  thousand  people.  It  requires 
great  care  to  separate  truth  from  error  in  the  numerous  cherished  traditions  of  past  events.  This 
duty  has  been  as  faithfully  performed  as  possible  under  the  attending  circumstances.  Much 
valuable  information  will  be  found  in  the  following  pages  that  never  before  appeared  in  print  or 
was  accessible  to  the  public. 

Very  many  of  the  citizens  of  the  two  counties  cheerfully  responded  to  requests  for  informa- 
tion, or  kindly  tendered  it,  and  they  thereby  contributed  much  to  the  thoroughness  of  details  of 
the  work.  To  all  such  respectful  acknowledgment  is  made.  Some  localities  have  been  more 
minutely  described  than  others.  A  reason  for  this  will  be  found  in  the  fact  that  the  residents 
of  such  districts  manifested  an  interest  in  the  work,  and  assisted  in  procuring  valuable  data 
pertaining  to  their  respective  neighborhoods. 

HxTNTiNaDON,  Pa.,  March  15,  1883. 


CHAPTER    I.  r/ 

The  English  Claim  to  rennsylvania— SwediBh  and  Dutch  Poseeseion 

-Final  acknowlpdgn 

tit  uf  the  EngliBh  Claim.. 

Erection   of   Lancaster,  Cumberland,  and  Bedford  Counties — Pur- 
chase of  the  Indian  Titles — Erection  of  Townships  and  Election 
Districts— Local  Officers 

1  Occupation — Lenni  Lenape — Iroquois— Complaiu 
s  by  the  Whites  on  Unpurchased  Lands 

The  Murder  of  John  Armstrong,  an  Indian  Trade 

and  his  Com- 

The  Original  Inhabitants  of  the  Juniata  Valley— Unlawful  Intru- 
sions upon  their  Lands — Efforts  of  the  Government  to  restrain  the 


The  Indian  and  French  War  of  1755— Erection  of  Forts  Shirley, 
Standing  Stone,  Fetter's,  Holliday's,  Lowry's,Hartsock'8,  Ly tie's, 
Anderson's,  McAlevy's,  and  Roberdeau — Troubles  with  the  In- 
dians during  the  Revolutionary  War — Tory  Expedition  to  Kit- 

Highways— Indian    Paths- Public    Roads— The    River— Turnpike 
Roads— Canals— Railroads 

Early  Settlements— Names  of  Pioneers 


Huntingdon— The  Warm  Springs— Jack's  Narrows— Fort  Shirley- 
Black  Log  Valley— The  Clugage  Family,  and  the  Shades  of  Death 
in  1776 

Confiscation  of  the  Estates  of  Traitors 

Formation  of  Huntingdon  County — Erection  of  County  Buildings... 

The  Constitutional  Conventions  of  1776,1790,  1838,  and  187.3 


Iron  Manufacture 

List  of  Marriages  by  Rev.  John  Johnston,  1787  to  l82:i,  34'.l  couples.. 

The  Press  of  Huntingdon  County 



Military— War  of  the  Rebellion— The  Three  Yeani'  Troops— The 

Twenty-fifth  Regiment 

Military— The  Forty-ninth  and  Fifty-third  Regiments 

-The  Sixty-second  Regiment 

Military- The  Seventy-sixth  and  Seventy-seventh  Regiments 


Military — Eighty-fuurth  Regiment 

Military — Ninety-second  Regiment— One  Hundred  and  Tenth  Regi- 
ment—The Twelfth  Cavalry 

Military— War  of  the  Rebellion  continued— One   Hundred    and 
Twenty-fifth  Regiment 


One   Hundred    and 
nth  Regiments 

Military— War  of  the  Rebellion  continued— Nineteenth  and  Twen- 
tieth Cavalry,  and  One  Hundred  and  Ninety-second  Hegiment...- 

Military— War  of  the  Rebellion  continued— Two  Hundred  ?id  Sec- 
ond, Two  Hundred  and   Fifth,  Two  Hundred  and  Eighth  Regi- 
ments—Huntingdon  and  Blair  Men  in  other  regiments 

Representatives  in  Congress  and  the  Stale  Legislature 

Judicial  Officers 

County  Officers 





Cass  Township 
Clav  Towxshh 

Bench  and  Bar.. 


65   1    Dublin  Town 

Franklin  Townsh 



CllAI'TKK    .\I,1.  "a.u:  CHAPTER    LII. 

i||.U'Ti:i{    XUr.  CHAPTER   I.III. 


JuxiAIA  TowNSIIII- :!U1       Ti:i.l,  Township ^ 

ClIAl'TEK    XLV.                                          I  CHAPTER    LVI. 

LlNCOI-N-    TciWNSIlll- "'Oil         T"I1   ToWNKllIP 

CHAPTKU    XLVr.  '                                    CHAPTER   LVII 

I..«.VN  TnwNsn.n 307       Umhn  Tuknsiiii. 

CIIAI'I  i:i;    XI, VII.  CHAPTER    LA'TP 





linplUt  Cliurch  or  llu 
liarreo  Iron-Works..., 
Broiiil  Top  City,  |,liit  < 



Wosser,  0.  B 

51omit  Ciiion  in  1840 

N,.ff,  Bfujamin 


Oil.isoi,,  William 



f«-"'S    418 

"         419 

"         4:!8 


r..t.M-sl,urK,  Jilan  of 

I'ltiikiii,  R.Bnio 

•■           97 



I'.>\v.-ltim  Furnare 



"       2:i:! 


faoii.g    4G7 







S|M.c-r,  U.  M 

Slair,  Mi.:l,aol 

Slalcli,>hi,liial  l!,-f„rmaU 

1  IiiJi,ina 

-....facing    -211 

faring    MS 

•■           98 

"         '254 


Sl.'Vcns,  I'ralik  11 

"         35T 




Z'Z''""".      "         SM 

IIIM  IX(,I)()\  AM)l>LAni 


J:n,,r„sr,l  ,,rp,,:~.sls     li.rlhis   )\\.rl.- 







The  English  Claim  to  Pennsylvania— Swedish  and  Dutch  Possession- 
Final  acknowledgment  of  the  English  Claim. 

Christopher  Columbus,  to  whose  enterprise  and 
courage  the  world  is  indebted  Cor  the  discoveries  that 
resulted  in  opening  the  western  continent  as  a  home 
for  the  oppressed  people  of  Europe,  was  born  in  the  city 
of  Genoa,  Italy,  about  the  year  1435.  At  this  time  a 
large  and  profitable  trade  was  carried  on  between  the 
European  countries  and  India.  Convinced  by  his  de- 
ductions from  the  experience  of  preceding  and  con- 
temi)oraneous  travelers  and  navigators,  of  the  magni- 
tude and  globular  form  of  the  earth,  he  wns  assured 
that  a  new  rnule  to  this  rich  rcgiun  W(juld  Iw  found 
by  sailing  wcstu  ardly.  For  eighteen  years  he  labored 
to  the  end  tliat  \\r  aiiLiht  fit  out  an  expedition  to  ]irac- 
tically  test  his  scientific  opinions.  After  many  rebuffs 
and  disappointments  that  would  have  crushed  the  am- 
bition of  ordinary  men,  he  gained  the  confidence  and 
secured  the  encouragement  and  support  of  Ferdinand 
and  Isabella,  the  reigning  sovereigns  of  Spain,  by 
whose  liberality  three  small  vessels  were  fitted  out  and 



ards  ascertained  to  be  an 
verence,  he  named   San 

placed  under  his  command. 

tieet  set  sail  from  the  mads 

tlie  3d  day  of  August,  1VJ2 

October  touched  land,  aftcrv 

island,  wdiich,  in  devout  n 

Salvador,  one  of  the  Bahama  group,  situated  in  N. 

hit.  24°  SO',  and  longitude  1°  30'  E.  from  Washington. 

He  also  discovered  Cnba,  Hayti,  and  other  islands^ 

and,  returning,  he  reached  the  harbor  of  Palos  on  the 

15th  day  of  March,  1493. 

The  intelligence  of  Columbus'  discoveries  stimu- 
lated the  fitting  out  of  other  expeditions  by  the  mari- 
time nations  of  Europe.  Henry  VII.  of  England 
eagerly  accepted  the  offer  of  John  Cabot,  a  merchant 
of  Bristol  (but  supposed  to  a  Venetian  by  birth),  to  fit 

out  a  fleet  of  vessels  for  a  voyage  of  discovery  by  a 
more  northern  route  than  the  one  ]iiirsiiiMl  by  Colum- 
bus. On  the  5th  day  of  March,  14'.m;,  the  king,  by 
patent  signed  at  Westminster,  authorized  Cabot  and 
his  three  sons,  Lewis,  Sebastian,  and  Sancius,  "to 
saile  to  all  parts,  countreys,  and  seas  of  the  East,  of 
the  West,  and  of  the  North,  under  our  banners  and 
ensigns,  witli  five  ships,  of  what  burden  or  quantitie 
soever  they  may  lie,  and  as  many  mariners  and  men 
as  they  will  have  with  them  in  the  said  ships,  u|H,n 
their  own  proper  cost  and  charges,  to  seeke  out,  dis- 
cover, and  find  wdiatsoever  isles,  countreys,  regions,  (ir 
provinces  of  the  heathen  and  infidels,  whatsoever  they 
may  be,  and  in  what  i>art  of  the  world  soever  they 
may  be,  wdiich  before  this  time  have  been  unknoun  to 
all  Cliris'tians."' 

Under  this  charter,  in  May,  1497,  an  expedition 
under  the  command  of  Sebastian  set  out,  and  on  the 
24th  day  of  June  land  was  descried,  wdiich  proved 
to  be  the  coast  of  Labrador.  He  sailed  along  the 
coast  three  hundred  leagues,  and  planted  on  the  soil 
the  banners  of  England  and  Venice.-  The  next  year 
he  again  touched  the  continent  in  high  latitudes,  and 
turning  southward,  followed  the  coast  as  far  as  the 
mouth  of  the  Chesapeake  Bay. 

As  many  European  governments  were  from  time  to 
time  sending  out  expeditions  for  discovery  and  con- 
quest, it  became  necessary  to  avoid  conflicts  with  and 
war  upon  each  other,  to  settle  a  principle  which  all 
should  acknowledge  as  the  law  by  which  the  right  of 
acquisition  which  they  all  asserted  should  be  regu- 
lated between  themselves.  This  principle  was,  that 
discovery  gave  title  to  the  government  by  whose  sub- 
jects or  by  whose  authority  it  was  made  against  all 
other  European  governments,  which  title  might  be 


consiiiiini:in-a  i>y  posses 
the  Cabots  rested  the 
nieiit  to  dominion  in  tl 

Upon  tlie  discoveries  . 
of  the  English  froveri 
tliern  part  of  tliis  coin 

llrnry  Iluds an  i-aiL'li-h  navi,u'at..r,  set  ont  Ironi 

Texel,  Holland,  April  'J,  lUn'j,'  in  the  ship  "  Half- 
Moon,"  to  seek  u  jiassajre  to  China  by  the  iiurth.a~t. 
lie  was  then  in  tlie  service  of  the  Dutch  Ka-t  India 
Company.  Encountering  great  fields  of  ice,  In-  \va- 
compelled  to  change  his  course,  and  thm  mailed  l.>r 
Davis  Strait.  He  touched  land  in  latitu.l.'  H  I.'.'. 
and  sailed  thence  southwestwardly  a-  far  as  latiliidr 
37°  15'.  Heturninir.  he  entered  the  ni..nth  ..f  the 
Delaware  Bay  on  I'li.lav,  Au-n-t  i^Mli,-^  but  encun- 

New'Vork  liay,  discovered  the  river  that  bears  bis 
name   September  lltli,-'  and   explored   it   above   tlie 

The  liiLili  and  mighty  States-General  of  Holland 
in  1(11  I  i--ur.I  an  edict  granting  to  [lersons  who  had 
or  should  thereafter  discover  "  any  new  courses, 
havens,  countries,  or  places"  the  exclusive  privilege 
of  resorting  to  and  frequenting  the  same  for  four 
voyages.  Under  this  edict  the  merchants  of  Amster- 
dam fitted  out  several  vessels  for  the  purpose  of  ex- 
ploration. One  of  these  was  commanded  by  Ca])t. 
Cornelius  Jacobsen  Mey,  who  entered  the  Delaware 
Bay.  He  gave  his  own  name  to  tlie  northern  cape, 
now  called  Cape  May,  and  to  the  southern  the  name 
Cape  Cornelius,  now  known  as  Henlopen. 

Xo  settlement  was  made  on  the  Delaware  until 
1023,  wdien  under  the  auspices  of  the  West  India 
Coni]>any,  chartered  in  1621,  Capt.  Mey  ascended  the 
Delaware,  and  on  the  eastern  side,  about  Gloucester 
Point,  commenced  the  erection  of  Fort  Nassau,  in- 
tended for  a  trading-post,  as  well  as  for  security 
against  the  Indians.  This  effort  was  not  successful. 
The  fort  was  soon  abandoned,  for  we  are  informed  by 
De  Vn,-.  who  visiud  it  in  l(;:',;i,  that  it  was  then  ill 
the  pu--,>M ■  the  Indians. 

I'eier  Minuii,  in  b;:;7,  under  lb.'  |.atn.nage  of 
Christiana,  l^  of  Sweden,  with  two  vessels  and 
a  nund.rr  ..f  M'ttlrr-.  rro~-.d  ibr  Allanlir,  ami  alter 
tourbing  at   .lanie^lowii,   Va.,    reached    the    D.daware 

abniil    May,    lir.s.      He   pu.vba-ed    Ir tbr   Indians 

thes.,il  on  lb.'  uvMern  M.I 'the  bav  and  river  truni 

Cape  Henlopen  lo  Santirkan  i  Ibe  tall,  at  Trenton,, 
and  erected  tli,'  tort  and  lonn.lrd  the  lown  of  Chris- 
tiana, on  the  n..rlh  bank  -.1  Min.pias  Creek,  a  Ira-ue 
abov,.  ,t>,„„nll,.      From  tbi>  be^^ininng.  Suedi>b  set- 

ern  side  nt  tlir  l),-laware  to  and  above  the  site  of 
I'hila.lelphia.  In  hi.-it,  I'etrr  LindMn.,,,,  a  Suedid, 
engineer,   snrvey,d    and    mapped    tin-    river    iVo,,,     its 

fleet  nmler  the  eoni.nand  ol   ( i,,vern..r  V.irr  Sinvv,  - 

sant.  entered  the  river  and  I'aptured  one  by  one  the 
Sweili-li  forts  and  took  possession  of  the  colony,  and 
thus  ended  the  Swedish  government.  Both  nation- 
alities continued  to  dwell  along  the  banks  of  the 
stream,  the  Dutch  being  the  rulers. 

The  F^nglish  continued  to  claim  dominion  over 
that  portion  of  the  continent  along  which  Cabot  had 
eoa-t.d,  and  Charles  11.,  with  the  view  of  wresting 
p.—e^-iori  from  the  Dutch,  on  the  12th  of  March, 
liiii4,  by  iKitent  granted  to  liis  brother  James,  Duke 
of  York,  the  territory  now  embraced  in  the  States  of 
Xew  York  and  New  Jersey.  An  expedition  was  sent 
from  England  for  the  purpose  of  reducing  the  Dutch 
fortresses,  and  on  the  8th  of  September  the  fort  and 
town  of  Manhattan,  now  Xew  York,  were  surren- 
dereil.  On  the  1st  of  October  following,  the  .settle- 
ments on  the  Delaware  yielded,  and  thus  ended 
Dutch  dominion  over  the  soil  of  Peunsvlvania. 

C  H  A  P  T  E  R    II. 

nuilk.n  uf  till-  Tliree  Orisiuiil  Couhlics. 

Drinxi;  the  interval  between  the  end  of  Dutch 
occupation  of  Pennsylvania  and  the  grantinfr  of  the 
charter  to  William  Penn,  the  English  (iovernors  of 
X'ew  York  issued  a  large  number  of  land  grants,  and 
under  their  administration  settlements  multiplied 
along  the  Delaware.  But  as  these  relate  wholly  to 
that  portion  of  the  province,  they  do  not  directly  con- 
cern residents  in  the  interior. 

William  Penn,  in  1674,  became  oi>e  of  three  trus- 
tees chosen  to  manage  the  affairs  of  West  Jersey. 
In  the  execution  of  this  trust  he  had  good  oppor- 
tunity to  become  acquainted  with  the  valuable  tract 
of  land  lying  on  tlie  opposite  side  of  the  river.  At 
the  death  of  his  father,  Admiral  William  Penn,  it 
was  found  that  the  British  government  was  indebted 
to  bini  for  money  loaned  and  services  rendered  about 
sixteen  thousand  pounds.  In-tead  of  money,  Wil- 
liam suiTL'e-ted  that  he  would  prefer  a  grant  (d'  land 
on  the  western  side  of  the  Delaware  north  of  Mary- 
land. .\  i)etition  was  pre-eiited  to  I 'liarbs  II. 
in  .lunr,  Idso,  aiul  after  many  conlerrnei  ~  with  adja- 
cent proprietors,  on  the  4th  day  of  March,  1()M,  the 
king  granted  a  charter.  The  boundaries  were  de- 
scribed, but  serious  differences  occurred,  and  many 
years  passed  before  they  were  settled  and  defined. 
reiin.  bis  heirs  and  assigns,  were  made  and  ordained 
trih'  ami  absolute  proprietaries  of  all  the  lands 
within  the  bounds  described  in  the  charter,  and 
upon  bini  and  bis  heirs,  their  deputies  ami  lieuten- 
ants, ua-  .-onrerred  the  executive  authority  of  the 
pro\iii,r.  William  Markluun  was  commissioned 
DepiiiN  (oi\(riior,  and  sent  over  from  England 
elotbiil  with  lull  authority  to  inaugurate  the  new 
goveriimeiil,  and  in   the   tall  of  the  vear,  at  Upland, 


now  Chester,  he  took  charge  of  the  executive  affiiirs.' 
In  October,  1682,  Penn  arrived  in  the  "Welcome," 
and  soon  thereafter  the  lands  of  the  province  were 
divided  into  three  counties,  to  wit,  Chester,  Phila- 
delphia, and  Bucks.  The  precise  date  of  the  erec- 
tion of  these  counties  does  not  appear,  but  it  must 
have  been  before  the  18th  day  of  November,  1682,  as 
on  that  day  the  proprietary  issued  his  writs  to  the 
sheriffs  of  the  respective  counties,  requiring  them  "to 
summon  all  freeholders  to  meet  on  the  20th  instant, 
and  elect  out  of  themselves  seven  persons  of  most 
note  for  wisdom,  sobriety,  and  integrity,  to  serve  as 
their  deputies  and  representatives  in  General  As- 
sembhj,  to  be  held  at  Upland,  in  Pennsylvania,  De- 
cember 6th  (4th  ?)  next."  In  this  assembly  there  were 
re])resentatives  from  each  of  the  counties  named,  as 
well  as  from  the  three  "lower  counties"  of  Kent, 
New  Castle,  and  Sussex.  Representatives  were 
chosen,  and  met  in  General  Assembly  at  Chester  on 
the  4th  day  of  December.  Among  the  most  notable 
acts  of  this  legislative  body  was  the  passage  on  the 
7th  of  the  same  month  of  the  "great  law."  The 
broad  declaration  of  religious  liberty  contained  in 
the  first  section  of  this  law,  incorporated  in  substance 
in  each  of  the  constitutions  since  adopted  by  the 
people  of  the  commonwealth,  indicated  the  liberal 
opinions  of  our  ancestors  as  inculcated  by  the  founder, 
and  contributed  to  the  rapid  peopling  and  subsequent  j 
prosperity  of  the  colony.     It  is  in  these  words : 

"Almighty  God  being  the  only  Lord  of  conscience,  father  of  lights 
and  spirits,  and  the  author  as  well  as  object  of  all  divine  knowledge, 
faith,  and  worsliilt,  who  only  can  enlighten  the  mind  and  peisiiaiie  and 
convince  the  understanding  of  I'euple  in  '\w-  !■  \   i.i.  .    i  .  Ki-  -over-  j 
eignty  over  the  souls  of  mankind,  it  is  enai  t.' i   i  i  ,  .tlnrL-- 

said  that  no  person  now  or  at  any  titne  lieri-:iti  i       ;    ;    ixiiice 

who  fihall  coufessaud  aclinowledge  one  Alnii-liiv  '.-i  i     I'   ih    ri.Mtur, 
upholder,  and  ruler  of  the  world,  and  that  [nnti-xMii  iiim  .u    herself 



nlly  enjoy 

reflection ;  and  if  any  person  shall  abuse  or  deride  any  other  for  his  or 
her  different  persuasion  and  practice  in  matter  of  religion,  such  sliall 
be  looked  upon  as  a  disturber  of  the  peace  and  be  punished  accordingly. 

Pent],  in  a  letter  dated  5th  of  1st  mo.  (corresi)ondil 
le  present  style),  1C81,*  addressed  to  Kobert  Turner,  t 

*  It  miiBt  be  borne  in  mind  that  for  many  years  after  the  ( 
Penn  the  inhabitants  of  the  province  began  the  year  on  the 
of  JIarch,  hence  in  many  old  documents  the  dates  are  writ 
1st  day  of  1st  month,  10S,= j. 


Erection  of  Lancaster,  Cumberland,  and  Bedford  Counties— Purchases 
of  the  Indian  Title—Erection  of  Townships  and  Election  Districts- 
Local  Officers. 

Laxcaster,-  the  fourth  county  of  the  province,  was 
erected  from  Chester  by  an  act  of  the  General  Assem- 
bly passed  the  10th  day  of  May,  172!»,  and  ciiihraced 
all  the  lands  of  the  province  to  the  iiortlnvanl  of  Oc- 
torara  Creek,  and  to  the  westward  of  a  line  nf  marked 
trees  running  from  the  north  branch  ol'  said  creek  to 
the  river  Schuylkill.  The  sixth  county,  Cuinl)erland,^ 
was  erected  by  the  act  of  the  27th  day  of  .lanuary, 
1750,  and  took  from  Lancaster  all  the  lands  lying 
within  the  province  to  the  westward  of  Susquehanna 
and  northward  and  westward  of  the  county  of  York.* 

The  proprietaries,  having  due  regard  to  the  rights  of 
the  Indians,  would  not  permit  any  occupation  of  lands, 
either  by  settlement  or  grant  from  the  hind  office, 
until  after  the  Indian  title  had  become  vested  in 
them.  At  the  time  of  the  organization  of  Cumber- 
land County  the  natives  were  yet  in  possession  of  all 
the  territory  northwest  of  the  Kittatinny  Mountain  (the 
northern  barrier  of  the  Cumberland  Valley)  and  the 
Susquehanna  River.  At  a  treaty  held  by  order  of  the 
king  at  Albany  in  the  summer  of  1754,  negotiations 
for  the  purchase  of  the  Indian  title  resulted  in  the 
execution,  on  the  6th  day  of  July  in  that  year,  of  a 
deed  from  the  chiefs  of  the  Mohawk,  Oneida,  Onon- 
daga, Cayuga,  Seneca,  and  Tuscarora  nations,  consti- 
tuting the  confederacy  known  as  the  Six  Nations,  con- 
veying, for  the  consideration  of  four  hundred  pounds 
lawful  money  of  New  York,  to  Thomas  and  Richard 
Penn,  "all  the  lands  lying  within  the  said  province 
of  Pennsylvania,  bounded  and  limited  as  follows, 
namely:  Beginning  at  the  Kittochtinny  or  Blue 
Hills,  on  the  west  branch  of  Susquehanna  River, 
and  thence  by  the  said,  a  mile  above  the  mouth  of  a 
certain  creek  called  Kayarondinhagh ;  thence  north- 
west and  by  west  as  far  as  the  said  province  of  Penn- 
sylvania extends  to  its  western  lines  or  boundaries; 
thence  along  the  said  western  line  to  the  south  line  or 
boundary  of  said  province  ;  thence  by  the  said  south 
line  or  boundary  to  the  south  side  of  the  said  Kit- 
tochtinny hills;  thence  by  the  south  side  of  said  hills 
to  the  place  of  beginning." 

Although  a  few  warrants  were  issued  during  the 


year  IT'w  tor  himls  in  the  Ujipcr  part  of  tlic  valley 
of  the  Juniata,  aii<l  some  surveys  and  improvements 
were  made,  there  does  not  seem  to  have  been  any  di- 
vision of  this  territory  into  touii-hip^  for  some  yi'ars 
thereafter.  .\t  July  sessions  in  17i;7  the  Cumher- 
land  eourt  fixed  the  boundaries  „(  Dkiikv  town~hi]i 
as  follows:  "  lU'ginninp;  at  the  middle  of  the  Lon- 
Narrows;  tlienee  up  the  north  side  of  Juniata  as  far 
as  .laek's  Narrows:  thenre  to  ini-lude  the  valley  of 
Kishaeokulu-  and  Ja^ks  ('.■.•ek.-  These  Inmndaries 
included  a  pari  of  ihe  pre>enl  touiiship  of  Brady. 

At  Oetoher  of  llie  same  year  lour  addi- 
tional townships  were  erected,  and  were  naniid  and 
bounded  as  follows  : 

DfUl.lN-.— "  Hounded  by  Mr  ami  Fannet  townships 
on  the  one  side,  and  Coleraine  and  Barre  townships 
on  the  top  of  Sideling  Hill  on  the  other  side.'' 

CoLlcitAINE.— "Bounded  by  Dublin    township,  as 
above,  by  the  provincial   line,  and  the  to|)  of  Dun-  | 
ning's  .Mountain  (so  as  to  join  Cumberland  and  Bed-  ' 
ford  townships)  to  the  gap  of  M.UTi.-on's  Cove,  from 
thenee  to  the  mouth  of  Yellow  Creek  (joining  Barre 
township  i  to  strike  Sidling  Hill.-' 

Cl".MUi:i'.l..\Nl). — "Bounded  liy  ( 'i  Inain.'  lowii-hip 
(as  above),  the  provincial  line  to  tlir  Allr-nn  \M,,iin- 
tain,  and  along  the  top  of  the  All.^.  ii,y  .Mi.iintuiii 
to  the  top  of  the  ridge  that  divid,-  ihe  of 
Wills  Creek;  from  thence  ..f  .Imiiata  t,.  sirike  Dun- 
ning's  Mountain  through  LuuV  (oi]i." 

BEin-'ouii.  —  "  I'jounded  by  the  above-mentioned 
east  line  and  Dunning's  Mountain  to  the  gap  of  Mor- 
rison's Cove,  and  from  thence  to  the  top  of  Tussee's 
Srountain  (joining  Barre  township)  so  as  t<.  inrlu.le 
Morrison's  Cove,  and  from  the  end  of  .Morrison's 
Cove  cross  by  Fraid;stoun  to  tlie  .\llegheny." 

B.\I!lir..-- Bounded  by  Dublin,  Coleraine,  and 
Bedlord  lown-bips.  as  already  mentioned,  and  along 
the  .\llegaiiy  uniil  a  line  struck  from  thence  to 
Jack's  Mountain  so  as  l.,  include  the  waters  of  Little 
Juniata  ;nid  Shaver's  and  Siamling  Stone  Creeks." 

These  townships  of  Derry,  Dublin.  Coleraine,  Cum- 
berland, ISedford,  and  Bmrrc  included  all  -.1  tl..-  area 
of  Bedford,  Blair,  and  Huntingd<,n,  a  lar-c  pari  of 
Fulton  and  Milllin,  an.l  a  part  of  Centre  ('Minnies. 
It  is  probable  that  a~  the  .a-tern  linots  of  H.d.lin 
were  not  clearlv  defined,  a  pari  ..f  ubat  i-  now  Tell 
township,  Huntingdon  Co.,  may  have  been  inehided 
inthepreviou>lyerectedtown.hipof  Lack. 

■om  a  part  of  Derry.  and  included  all 
flhat  township  n.n-tbwe~t  of  Jack's  .Ml 
.flicers  of  townships  were  as  foil, 

EUi.jt,  Che:   -  C  vl,.    ]iu   Ihl  I,  Mverseers  of  Ilie  iwor;  James  Little, 
Chiul.-'  Ice.   ,  M,.»t-r9uf  feijccs. 

177IJ.— .1,1,11. ■-  w  .  Ic    h:i  .  .r.ilm  Wilson  (Barro),  Wini;im  Brown 

(.\rm,:;l.  ,      i    i.n-;   -  cmiel   Thomi'Son,    Dauid   Kf.w  (Barre), 
.TuiM.->  Ml  lAiini,;;!,  ,  «ii|.f.rvisi.r3;  ZoLulon   Mooro,  KoU-rt  Cald- 

l.illl,-,  Cliail.-  C.,l,lvn-ll  I  Band,  viow.-rs  of  fi-nccs. 
1771._William   ,Sliirlf.v    I  li,irn--),   ,Iame3    Foley    (Dillilin),   lonslaWes ; 
Saiiuu-1    ThoiiiiHon.    Daniel    Ego    (Bane),   superviaors:    Zebiilon 
Jloor,  Robert  Caldwell  iBarre),  Charles  Boyle,  Benjamin  Elliot 
(Dublin),  overseers  of  Ilie  poor. 

The  Indians,  after  fully  realizing  the  immense 
Stretch  of  country  covered  by  the  bounds  set  in  the 
treaty  of  1754,  expressed  disappointment  and  dissat- 
isfaction. They  said  they  did  not  understand  the 
points  of  the  compass  and  were  thereby  deceived. 
Some  of  them  became  allies  of  the  French  and  com- 
menced a  series  of  depredations  upon  the  frontier 

An  accommiiihition  of  the  ditferences  between  the 
proprietary  govern nient  and  the  Indians  was  eflfected 
at  a  conference  held  at  Easton,  where  on  the  23d  day 
of  October,  17ri.S,  a  deed  was  executed  limiting  the 
boundaries  of  the  purchase  as  follows,  to  wit :  "  Be- 
ginning at  the  Kittochtinny  or  Blue  Hills,  on  the 
we-t  bank  of  the  Sus.|Uehanna  River,  and  running 
thence  up  the  >aid  river,  and  binding  therewith,  to  a 
mile  abiive  the  mouth  of  a  creek  called  Kaaromlinhah 
(or  John  Penn's  Creek);  thence  northwest  and  by 
west  to  a  creek  called  Buffaloe's  Creek;  thence  west 
to  the  east  side  of  tlie  Alleghany  or  .\i)palachian 
Hills;  thence  along  the  east  side  of  said  hills,  liind- 
ing  therewith,  to  the  south  line  or  boundary  of  the 
said  province;  thence  by  the  said  .south  line  or  bonn- 
darv  to  the  -oiith  side  of  the  Kittatinny  Hill;  thence 
by  the  south  side  of  the  said  hill  to  the  ].la.-e  .,f  be- 
ginning." This  deed  confirmed  the  title  of  the  |iro- 
prietaries  to  all  the  lands  within  the  boundaries  above 
mentioned,  including  the  present  counties  of  Bed- 
ford, Fulton,  Blair,  Huntingdon,  MifHin,  Juniata,  and 
Perry,  and  parts  of  Snyder,  Union,  and  Centre,  and 
released  to  the  Six  Nations  the  residue  embr.acod  iu 
the  deed  of  1754. 

By  an  act  passed  on  the  0th  day  of  March,  1771, 
Bc'dford  County  was  erected  from  Cumlieiland.  and 
itslionmlaries  fixed  as  follows:  "  Beginning  wliere  the 
province  line  crosses  the  Tuscarora  ilountain.  and 
running  along  the  summit  of  that  mountain  to  the 
gap  near  the  head  of  Path  Valley;  thence  with  a 
norih  line  to  the  .Juniata;  thence  with  the  Juniata 
to  Ihe  iiiniiih  of  Shaver's  Creek;  thence  northeast  to 
the  line  cif  Berks  County;  thence  along  the  Berks 
County  line  northwestward  to  the  western  bounds  of 
the  province;  thence  southward,  according  to  the 
several  courses'  of  the  western  boundary  of  the  |irov- 
ince,  to  the  snulhwest  corner  of  the  prfivince;  and 
from  iheiicc  eastward  with  the  southern  line  of  the 
province  to  the  ]ilace  of  beginning." 

1  At  "II''  lini-'  it  wa.^  clainieil  by  Virginia  that  the  western  bonndarj- 


This  act  authorized  the  Governor  to  commission  a 
competent  number  of  justices,  who,  or  any  three  of 
whom,  were  empowered  to  hold  courts  in  the  months 
of  January,  April,  July,  and  October  in  every  year. 
With  remarkable  promptitude  a  Court  of  Quarter 
Sessions  was  opened  at  Bedford  on  the  16th  day  of 
April,  1771,  by  William  Proctor,  Robert  Hanna,  Wil- 
liam Lockery,  Robert  Cluggage,'  George  Wilson,  and  | 
William  McConnell.  The  court  then  proceeded  to 
divide  the  county  into  townships.  Air,  Dublin,  1 
and  CoLEUAiXE  were  to  remain  as  fixed  by  the  Cum- 
berland court.  The  lines  of  Bedford  and  Cumber- 
land were  extended  from  the  foot  to  the  top  of  the  j 
Allegheny  Mountain.  Barre  to  be  cut  otf  by  Little 
Juniata  andTussey's  Mountain.  Brother's  Valley, 
Fairfield,  Mount  Pleasant,  Hemp  Field,  Pitt,  Tyrone, 
Spring  Hill,  RossStraver,  Armstrong,  andTullileague 
follow,  but  as  these  townships  embraced  territory  out- 
side of  the  limits  of  Huntingdon  and  Blair  they  do 
not  concern  us  now. 

At  July  sessions,  1773,  "  that  part  of  Barre  town- 
ship including  all  the  waters  that  empty  into  the 
Raystown  Branch  of  Juniata  below  the  mouth  of 
Yellow  Creek  and  up  said  creek  to  Tussey's  Moun- 
tain is  hereby  erected  into  a  township  by  the  name  of 
Hopewell  township."  ; 

It  will  be  noticed  that  the  act  creating  Bedford 
County  excluded  from  the  boundaries  therein  de- 
scribed that  portion  of  Huntingdon  County  lying 
northeast  of  the  Juniata  below  the  mouth  of  Shaver's 
Creek,  and  according  to  the  letter  of  the  law  that 
territory  remained  in  Cumberland  County.  The  act 
of  March  21,  1772,  forming  Northumberland,  took 
from  Bedford  the  territory  lying  west  of  Tussey's 
Mountain  and  northeast  of  the  main  branch  of  the 
Little  Juniata  to  the  head  thereof^  Another  act 
passed  the  same  day^  for  the  purpose  of  explaining 
and  better  ascertaining  the  boundary  lines  of  the 
county  of  Bedford,  after  reciting  the  boundaries  de- 
scribed in  the  act  of  the  9th  day  of  Marcli,  1771,  and 
that  as  "  the  Tuscarora  Mountain  does  not  extend  to 
the  province  line  and  the  southern  boundaries  afore- 
said are  not  properly  described,  the  lines  of  the  county 
of  Bedford  cannot  be  known  and  run  by  the  trustees 
appointed  for  that  purpose,  provided  that  the  lines 
following,  to  wit:  "Beginning  where  the  province 
line  crosses  the  North  or  Blue  Mountain,  that  runs 
between  the  Great  and  Little  Coves  and  that  part  of 
Cumberland  County  called  Connegocheague,  and 
thence  along  the  summit  of  the  said  mountain  to  the 
beginning  of  the  Tuscarora  Mountain,  and  running 
along  the  summit  of  the  said  Tuscarora  Mountain  to 
the  gap  near  the  head  of  the  Path  Valley,  from  thence 
a  north  line  to  the  Juniata  River;  thence  up  the 
Juniata  to  the  mountain  that  divides  the  Kishicocolus 
Valley  from  the  Standing  Stone  Valley,  and  along  the 

summit  of  that  mountain  to  the  head  of  the  Stand- 
ing Stone  Creek  ;  from  thence  northeast  to  the  line  of 
Berks  County;  thence  by  Berks  County  line  to  the 
western  bounds  of  the  province  ;  thence  southward, 
according  to  the  several  courses  of  the  western  boun- 
dary of  the  province,  to  the  southwest  corner  thereof; 
and  from  thence  with  other  boundaries  of  the  prov- 
ince to  the  place  of  beginning;  shall  be,  and  are 
hereby  declared  to  be,  the  boundary  lines  of  the  said 
county  of  Bedford." 

By  act  of  the  2(5th  day  of  February,  1773,  all  the 
territory  of  Bedford  lying  west  of  the  Laurel  Plill  and 
of  the  ridge  dividing  the  waters  of  the  Allegheny  and 
Susquehanna  to  the  head  of  the  latter  stream,  and 
south  of  a  line  to  be  run  thence  due  west  to  the  limits 
of  the  province,  was  erected  into  a  new  county  called 

The  geography  of  the  valley  of  the  Juniata  was  not 
well  understood  by  the  framers  of  the  acts  of  Assem- 
bly above  recited,  and  the  indefinite  and  inconsistent 
descriptions  of  boundary  lines  were  producing  uncer- 
tainty and  conflict  of  authority.  On  the  .30th  day  of 
September,  1779,  an  act  was  passed  reciting  that^ — • 

ti.e  coiirsB  of  Lit 

11  iiiLuuvuiiieiit  fur  tUe  ijeople 
tii:il;i  at  tlie  place  aforesaid; 
I  luiintyof  Cumberland:  For 

land  iiloresaid ;  mid  thence  along  the  said  line  last  mentioned  to  tlie  place 

This  act  annexed  that  part  of  Ki.shacoquillas  Valley 
now  in  Brady  township,  Huntingdon  Co.,  to  Bedford 


County.  In  1773,  two  years  alter  the  erection  of  Bed- 
lonl  County,  the  huiils  ;dong  the  river  from  Jaek'.s 
Narrows  to  tlie  mouth  of  Mill  Creek,  and  those  tlien 
taken  up  in  the  we>t  end  of  Kisliaeoquillas  Valley, 
were  taxed  in  the  a>-e--niint  of  Barre  townshif), 
Cund.erland  ('....and  il  i>  fair  lo  presume  that  this 
di>triel  reuiainr.l  un.l.r  the  juri>  of  that  eounty 
until   after  the  ])as>a,i;e  of  the  ai't  of  the  ."Uth  of  Sep- 

FuANKsTowx  township  was  created  at  .\].ril  ^e-- 
sions,  177.'>,  from  parts  of  Bedford  and  Banv,  and  the 
boundaries  tixcl  as  f.dlnw-:  "Along  the  line  divid- 
inLC  r.e.lfor.l  aii.l  X..rtliund.iil:iiid  Counties  from  the 
We-t  ISran.h  ..f  Su-.|.i.-lianua  t..  where  Little  Juniata 
ruii^  throu;:h  Tussey's  .Mountain;  then  alonj:;  the  said 
mountain  to  the  ridge  dividing  Morrison's  Cove  from 
('r..yle's  Cove;  then  along  the  said  ridge  lo  Dun- 
ning's  .Mountain  ;  then  along  Dunning's  Mountain  to 
the  dividing  ridge  between  the  waters  of  Dunnin_i;'s 
Creek  and  the  southwest  branch  of  Frankstown 
ISraneh  ;  then  along  said  ridge  to  the  AUegeny 
.Mountain  ;  then  cross  the  .same  and  by  the  line  of 
tiueinahoning  townsliip  to  the  line  dividing  Bedford 
an.l  VVestmoreland  Counties,  and  by  the  said  line  and  the  limits  ,,f  this  eounty  t..  the  place  of  be-in- 

This  l..wnship  included  the  whole  of  Blair  C..iinty 
ami  the  present  townsliips  of  Jlorris,  Franklin,  anil 
Warri.n-'s  :\Iark  of  Huntingdon  County. 

Hl'NTi.vGDON"  township  was  formed  from  a  part  of 
liarre.  The  records  of  the  court  do  not  contain  any 
account  of  its  erection.  At  April  sessions,  H.'^d,  a 
return  of  the  townsliip  officers  was  made,  iV.mi  wlii.di 
it  may  be  inferred  that  the  township  was  finim  .1  about 
1771).  Its  territory  is  now  divi.le.l  into,  WalkiT. 
Porter,  and  parts  ol  .[iiniai:i.  L  i;;aii.  1 1.  nihr..on,  ami 
Oneida.  The  records  aU..  f:iil  |.,,.  an  a.v.aint  ..f 
the  erection  of  Siii  ni.r.'i  i..un-liip,  whicii  wa>  fnrm..d 
from  Dublin  about  the  .lale  la-t  m.-ntiune.l.  The 
earliest  assessment  ..f  (hi- t..uii-hip  was  ma. I.- in  17^0, 
and  of  Hunting.!.. !i  in  17M. 

Tvi:..m:  l.,wn-hip  wa-  eivet,.,]  Fraiikst.,wn, 
but    m-ither  tl,.'   .lal.'    n„r    l,.,un.larie,  ai.i.ear  a,„„„.r 

District,- at  the  place  called  the  Standing  Stone;  and 
the  freemen  of  the  townships  of  Brother's  Valley, 
Turkey  Foot,  and  Quesnaclioning,  being  the  Fourth 
district,  at  the  house  of  John  Kemberline,  near  the 
junction  of  said  three  townships."  Each  voter  was 
required  to  produce  a  certificate  of  his  having  taken 
and  subscribed  the  oath  of  allegiance,  as  prescribed 
by  an  act  passed  the  preceding  day. 

By  the  act  of  the  13th  day  of  September,  178.".,' 
dividing  the  several  counties  into  election  .li-tricts, 
Bedford  County  was  separated  into  live  .lisiri.ts,  and 
the  elections  directed  to  be  held  as  follows  :  Fir->t,  the 
town  of  Bedford  and  the  townships  of  Bedford,  Cide- 
raine.  Providence,  and  Cumberland  Valley,  at  the 
court-house  in  Bedford;  Second,  the  townships  of 
Bethel  and  Air,  at  the  house  of  Ephraim  Wallace,  in 
Bethel;  Third,  the  townships  of  Barre,  Hopewell, 
Frankstown,  and  Huntingd..n,  at  the  place  called  the 
.•Standing  t^t.jiie;  Fourth,  the  t..wii~hips  „f  Bn.ther's 
Valley,  (iuesmahoning,  Turk.y  F....t.  an.l  Wilford, 
at  the  house  of  James  I'.lack,  in  i  Jiiesmaboning ; 
Fifth,  the  townships  of  Dublin  an.l  .<liirley,  at  the 
house  of  George  Cluggage,  in  Shirl.v.  On  tlie  I'Jth 
day  of  Septeiiil.rr.  ifso.-  a  -iMli  .li-trict  was  created, 
insisting  ,.f  tlic  ■■  t..u  M-h!|.-  .,1  Frankst.iwn  an.l  Mor- 
ris,,n's  Cove"  V  .an.l  Ih.'  el. cti.. IIS,,  be  held 
at  the  li,,iise  ,.l'  l.a/,aiiis  Li,wrey,  at  Frankstown. 

The  act  ,,r  Si.|.t.  iT,  1786,  fixed  the  number  of 
re|iresentati\es  t.,  the  (ieneral  Assembly  to  be  elected 
in  Bedford  County  at  three. 

The  oflicers  of  the  townships  of  Bedford  C.,unty 
that  covered  the  present  territory  of  Huntiiigd.,n  and 
I'dair,  appointed  by  the  Court  of  (Quarter  Sessions, 
were  as  f,dlows: 

«y     riiilip  .Stonei*  (Hopewell) 
l.iitl.-  (niinee),  Joliii  Bell  i 

iity  fBiiiree),  John   Liittu     1 

Lies;    J„ 


Elections  and  Election  Districts.— A  huv  en 

une  U,  1777,  lixed  the  seeon.l  Tuesday  of  Oe 
H  the  day  for  le.hling  the  annual  sreneral  ele. 
l,-.ll..r.l   t'ounty  was  .livi.lcl   int.,   four  ,li>tri,-ts 


.,ws:  ••  II,..  fr,-,-m,m  .,f  ll„.  t.,wnsl,ips  ..f 
f.,r.l,  C.,Ieraiii,-.  an.l  (■unib,.rl.-,n.l  Valh-v,  h.-in- 
First    District,  shall   h.,|.l  ,lccti,,ns    at   the 

<.ii,,  Tli..„i.,s.l..l,„st.ii.  (l!Hr,ec),  Beiijiimin  Snn- 
■  (IIop."»cll),  ovi-raeers  of  the  poo,-;  James  Lit- 
(nui-ree),  MiL-hiiel  Whetstone,  Peter  Hnrtsock 

l.ireli  W:  Willmm  Barriek  (Frankstown),  Wil- 
..pcwi-lli,  coi^tiil.les;  Al.salom  Oray,  Siinmel 
Bi',ijiilninS;iu„.lei-8,  BiLSliiin  Shoiipe  (Hopewell), 
;  M;iiki-m  l'..l,Tii!in  (Kninkstowni,  Peter  Ilart- 
.'     April  se>*si'm^:  D;ivid  Lewis  ^B.irree), 


Ym.—PeUij  t'Miom,  Sept.  27 :  William  RidJle  (Barree).  John  WalUer 
(Dublin),  Joseph  Cellar  (Frankstown ),  .Kisliua  DavU  (Hopewell),  con- 
stables. General  ses'iom,  Oct.  14  :  William  EiilJle,  of  Barree,  B[ied  ; 
John  Wallier,  of  Dublin,  fined  thirty  shillings:  Thomas  Anderson, 
Joshua  Davis  (Hopewelll,  F^dix  Milb-r,  appointed  constables. 

l-n.—GstJeral  semom,  Api  il  1:1  :  William  Wilson  (Barree),  William 

1780.— (Jen 

(Barren),  Ihi    ■     h  .        ■:     .!    l.n    n^  .iI-  :     !"-■  '  :      r,, M.iliiin 

David  ].""!       !  :    .'.     ,  ^^  :      '•■  -   •       -     i         M      •     ilnp, 

well),  Ai.  ii>  1     1   .    I     I  ,  ,:.     ,.         ,    I -I  ".-■-  <ia 

braith,  Jiui,.^  '.i"„.,'i'    .-liiil.;.  '     !      l  ■  '      ■'■«»'- 

Anderson,  JeiiMniaUliickets  I  r..n  I  I      .      '  I     i  ,  .1  ■ ^m 

sey  (Dublin),  Jacob  Kowler,  Jr.,  \  >     i     i  il.-i'  >mm.  s  1. 

mon  Sell,  Hugh  Skelly  (Hopru.l    ,1  i    .  ~   I    ,  ,i"-liu;i    l,.« 

(HuntinKdiin),  Jacob  Shara,  Jamco  L.uiiiuh.iia  i.>huloj,  sopciv 

1781.— ,lj.ii(  .sessions- .-  David  Kalston  (Barree),  James  Barnet  (Dublin 
Absaluni  ("ira.v  (Fr;.i,k>lu«  „\  Lo.lwid;  Sidls  (Ilnntingdcnl,  Oeorj 
Clugga;;..:^ .-    ..    ..,...,1.1    ..  .1,  „.  |.h  ir  „  ,  „  .  IV„i  ,  n,i  „    M.r.ufle 

),  John  Kamaey  (Dublin), 

Jaiiu-i.  .\i.  .,  .1,:      1,    I     v  lliurree),  James  Harn,.t,  Hugh  Davi- 

B,.ii  (liiil  h      .1  rge    Reynolds  (Huntingdon),  George 

Wils.ju.  .1-1, 1,  II  ,i„.,i,  ;-i,i;l,.,j),  o\erseers  of  tlie  p.ior;  John  Wil- 
son, Janii'.'i  !I;inn;iiu  (Danee),  R,.ibert  Kani^ey,  IJeorge  Hudson 
(Dublin),  Henry  NelT,  Nathaniel  Janit  (Huntingdon).  James  Gal- 
braith,  William  Morris  (Shirley),  supervisors  of  the  Iiighways. 

Among  the  citizens  of  portion  of  Bedford 
County  now  composing  Huntingdon  and  Blair,  sum- 
moned as  grand  jurors,  were:  1772,  July  14th,  Michael 
Cryder;  1780,  April  Uth,  William  Shirley;  1781, 
January  sessions,  William  Simonton,  James  Foley, 
and  Michael  Cryder;  1782,  April  sessions,  Samuel 
Anderson  ;    July  sessions,  Samuel  Anderson,  James 

Foley,  and  Moses  Donaldson  ;  October  sessions,  Alex- 
ander McConnell ;  17.SG,  January  sessions,  George 
Ashman  and  George  Cluggage. 

The  first  Court  of  Quarter  Se.ssions  was  held  at 
Bedford,  April  16,  1771,  before  "William  Proctor, 
Robert  Cluggage,  Kobert  Hanna,  George  Wilson, 
William   Lockery,  and   William    ^■\lc(  ■.mncll,    i;>qs., 

justices  of  our  Lord  the  King,  to  hear  and  diiirniine 
divers  felonies  and  misdemeanors  in  the  said  county 
committed."  Twenty-three  grand  jurors  were  sworn. 
Robert  Galbraith  was  enrolled  as  an  attorney.  At 
April  sessions,  1773,  "John  Freeharty,  of  the  grand 
jury,  is  fined  five  shillings  for  being  drunk,  and  ten 
shillings  for  the  contempt  in  so  doing  while  on  the 
duty  of  that  oSice,  and  coming  into  court  while  in 
that  condition." 

At  July  sessions,  1780,  "  The  Court  proceeded  to 
regulate  the  Price  of  Labourers,  and  are  of  opinion 
that  the  same  shall  be  estimated  and  rated  26  Dollars 
each  Ifan  Y  Day."  October  sessions  continued  at 
same  rate. 

Unexplained  this  would  appear  extravagant,  but  it 
must  be  borne  in  mind  that  the  standard  of  value  was 
the  dollar  in  Continental  currcnry,  which  had  rapidly 
shrunk  in  worth  as  coiitraslcd  with  .s|.ccie.     Wlien 
measured  by  the  specie  standaid,  lUv  pi  nc  of  a  day's 
abor  was  about  forty  cents.     The  i)aper  currency  of 
the  country  depreciated  so   rapidly  in  value  tliat  it 
was   necessary  to  establish  some  rate  of  exchange, 
and  tlie  General  Assembly,  by  act  of  April  3,  1781, 
lixed  a  scale  of  depreciation  for  each  month  from  the 
bi-Liinning  of  the  year  1777  to  the  end  of  February, 
si.     In  July,  1780,  it  required  sixty-four  and  one- 
If  dollars  in  paper  to  equal  one  dollar  in  specie. 
Ain.iiig  the  justices  sworn,  as  appear.s  by  the  rec- 
ords, were : 

1771,  April  16,  Robert  Cluggage  ;  1773,  April  13, 
Robert  Cluggage  ;  1774,  April  13,  Robert  Cluggage; 
1782,  Dec.  18,  Robert  Cluggage  ;  1773,  April  13,  Wil- 
MoConnell  ;  1774,  May  12,  Henry  Lloyd;  1777, 
September,  Robert  Galbraith,  James  Martin  ;  1779, 
Jan.  13,  James  Carmichael,  James  Coyle  ;  1779,  Feb. 
12,  Matthew  Dean;  1781,  April  28,  John  Canan 
(commission  dated  Feb.  3,  1781);  1786,  July  20, 
Thomas  Wilson,  John  Little  ;  1787,  Jan.  22,  John 
Coyle  ;  1787,  June  22,  James  Coyle. 

j  Persons  were  recommended  for  license  to  keep 
public-houses  as  follows  : 

J  1773,  July  sessions,  Michael  Cryder  ;  1773,  October 
sessions,  Michael  Cryder;  1774,  October  sessions, 
Michael  Cryder,  Ludwick  Sells;  1778,  April  sessions, 
Francis  Cluggage ;  1781,  January  sessions,  Ludwick 

I  Sells;  1781,  April  sessions,  Benjamin  Elliot. 

Benjamin   Elliot   was   commissioned   high   sheriff 

I  Oct.  31.  178-5,  and  was  sworn  Dec.  19,  17,8.5. 

George  Ashman,  lieutenant,   was  sworn   Dec.   26, 

I  1780. 



hy  Ihi:  Wl.ilvsoli  I'lipurclKui'd  Lllljils. 

At  llie  time  the  lirst  Kiiropeaii  setllomi'iit^  were 
iiiaiie  ill  I'eiiMsylvaiiia  tlip  snil  was  occupied  liy  In- 
dians who  called  tlieniselves  Lenni  Lenape,  or  tlie 
original  people.  They  were  desifrnated  by  the  Euro- 
peans Delaware.^,  by  reason  of  their  inhabiting  the 
region  of  country  drained  by  that  stream.  They  were 
also  known  as  Algonquins.  The  tradition  of  this 
people  was  that  in  the  far-distant  past,  in  niijrrating 
eastward,  about  the  time  they  reached  the  Mis-is-ippi,' 
they  fell  in  with  the  Mengwe,-  who  also  camr  from  a 
distant  country,  and  had  reached  the  river  farther 
north.  Both  nations  had  the  same  object  in  view, 
the  seeking  of  a  new  and  better  country  towards  the 
rising  sun.  E.xploring  parties  sent  in  advance  re- 
ported the  region  east  of  the  river  to  be  inhabited  by 
a  people  of  physique  much  superior  to  that  of  the  in- 
vader-, and  that  they  dwelt  within  intrenchments  or 
forliliratii.iis.  This  peo|)le,  called  Allegewi,  declined 
pcriiii^-idii  to  settle  in  their  country,  but  agreed  that 
the  Lenajies  and  Mengwe  might  pass  through  their 
domain  and  settle  farther  eastward.  Accordingly 
the  lycnapes  began  to  the  Namoesi  Sipu.  Their 
nund)ers,  for  there  were  thousands  of  them,  so  appalled 
the  Allegewi  that  they  withdrew  their  permission 
and  commenced  a  savage  warfare  upon  those  who 
liad  already  passed  the  stream.  A  conference  was 
held,  and  the  Mengwe,  who  had  been  content  to  re- 
main as  spectators,  united  with  their  new  allies  and 
waged  a  fierce  war  against  the  .\llegewi,  who,  after 
suffering  severe  loss,  and  finding  that  further  resist- 
ance would  result  in  extermination,  abandoned  the 
cnuMtry  to  the  compierers  and  lird  >outhward.  In 
tlHronlli.l-.,  which  continued  many  y,;,r.stl„.LcMa[.es 
lost  many  of  their  warriors,  and  ih.y  clainied  lliat 
they  were  ahvav-  cui„].rll.d  to  Inar  ll.e  brunt  of 
battle,  wliile  llir  MriiL-wr  w.„i|,l  han-  in   lli,-  rrar. 

By  slow  and  ra-y  -ta^r.  thr~r  nati.m-  „,..v,d  lar- 
tluTea>luard.>till  continuiiiL'  upon  I,  rm.  ..f  fri,  n.l- 
ship,  th-  I.etiap,-  lullowim,'  tiic  >trraiii-  that  ran 
eastward,  while  the  Mengwe  made  rlioirr  of  the 
lands  in  the  vicinity  of  the  great  lakes.  The  former 
occupieil  the  country  from  the  Hudson  to  the  (Jliesa- 
I.eake  Bay.  inelnding  the  shores  of  the  four  -reat 
rivers,  thr  llud,M,n,  Delaware,^  .<u-.|iiclianna,  and 
Potomac,    making   the    Delauar,-   the  rhi.f  r,ntrr.,r 

became  divi.hd  i„|,,  three  tnl,,.,  i,,  wit:    rnamis 
Turtle,   rnalaelitu'..  ,,r  Turk.-y,   \V..lf  or  Minsi.  e. 

the  most  warlike  of  the  three  tribes,  dwelt  farther 
inland  as  a  guard  against  any  incursions  by  the  Men- 
gwe, and  their  possessions,  extending  southwest  from 
the  Hudson  to  far  beyond  the  Susquehanna,  included 
the  valley  of  the  Juniata.  These  three  principal 
divisions  were  divided  into  many  subordinate  clans 
or  tribes,  each  a.ssuming  a  distinct  name  as  circum- 
stance or  locality  might  suggest. 

The  Mengwe  were  separated  into  five  jirincipal 
tribes,- — Mohawks,  Oneiilas,  ()nondagas,  Cayugas, 
and  Senecas.  Growing  Jealous  of  their  more  southern 
neighbors,  and  apprehen-ive  of  their  increasing  num- 
bers and  power,  they  endeavored  to  provoke  hostili- 
ties between  different  tribes  of  the  Lenapes.  Failing 
in  their  designs,  some  time  about  the  close  of  the 
fifteenth  century  a  union  of  all  the  tribes  in  one  com- 
mon bond  was  effected,  and  they  were  afterwards 
known  in  history  as  the  Five  Nations.  By  the  French 
they  were  known  as  Iroquois,  by  the  Dutch,  Maquas, 
and  by  the  English,  Mingoes.  They  subsequently 
overmastered  the  Lenapes  and  became  the  dominant 

power,  whether  by  force  of  arms,  as  tliey  d  li I,  or 

by  dishonorable  stratagem,  as  the  Lena|i(  -  all.  -i-l,  it 
is  needless  now  to  inquire.  In  1712  the  'l'u-<ar'.ras, 
who  had  inhabited  the  interior  of  North  I'arolina  and 
Virginia,  were  driven  therefrom  by  the  r.)wliatlans, 
a  branch  of  the  Lenapes,  moved  northward,  and  were 
adopted  by  the  Iroquois,  who  were  thereafter  men- 
tioned by  the  English  as  the  Six  Nations.  The  lan- 
guage of  the  five  original  tribes  was  practically  the 
same,  but  different  from  that  of  the  Lenapes. 

The  early  treaties  made  by  the  proprietary  govern- 
ment for  the  purchase  of  lands  from  the  natives  were 
with  the  shackamaekers  or  chiel-  ol  tribe-  nt'  the  Del- 
awares.  The  Five  Nations  soon  ap|iear  a-  claimants 
for  the  territory  drained  by  the  Susquehanna  by  right 
of  eoiKiuest.  In  the  absence  of  written  records  it  ia 
dillienlt  to  determine  the  time  when  the  northern 
eonl'eileracy  subdued  the  Lenapes  and  wrested  this 
l>art  of  their  domain  from  them,  but  from  the  best 
aece-silde  data  it  ajipears  to  have  occurred  between 
li'i77  and  li;s4'  ']'|i,.  proprietary  government  made 
pun  lia-.  -  Ironi  both  claimants  until  the  right  of  the 
Si\  NaiJMii-  wa-  ai-qiiieseed  in  by  the  Delawares.  On 
thr  iM  'if  .Inly,  1742,  a  conference  with  the  chiefs  of 
thi'  .--ix  Xaii'.n-  and  the  chiefs  of  the  Shawanese  was 
held  hy  th.'  iH.v.rnor  aixl  Council  at  Philadelphia, 
and  |..r  ^  days.  Among  the  many 
-iiIijiMt-  pn-rntil  ron-ideration  and  adjustment 
Wile  renewed  euiii | ilai iits  on  tlie  part  of  the  Indians 
•■again-t  -.inir  people  who  .an-  settled  at  .luniata,  a 
I'.ranidi  i>t'  ."<a-qii.lianiiah,  and  all  along  the  Banks  of 
that  I'liver  a-  Mahaning.  ami  <lesire  that  they  maybe 
forthwith  made  to  uc  oil'  the  Land,  for  they  do  great 
Damage  to  .air  Cai-inv  the  Delawares."  The  Gov- 
ern.>r  re>p..n.l.'.l  that  on  their  former  cmiplaints  rela- 


"  some  Magistrates  were  sent  expressly  to  remove 
them,  and  we  thought  no  person  would  stay  after 
that."  The  Indian  response  was,  "  So  far  from  re- 
moving the  people,  they  made  Surveys  for  themselves, 
and  they  are  in  League  with  the  Trespassers.  We 
desire  more  effectual  Methods  may  be  used  and  hon- 
ester  men  em  ploy 'd."  This  the  Governor  promised  to 
do,  and  complained  to  the  chiefs  that  the  Delawares 
were  giving  some  trouble  about  lands  purchased  from 
them  about  fifty  years  ago.  A  few  days  later,  in  the 
presence  of  Sassonan,  a  chief  of  the  Delawares,  and 
a  number  of  Indians  of  that  nation  from  Shamokin 
and  the  forks  of  the  Delaware,  Canassatego,  a  chief 
of  the  Onondagas,  and  orator  on  the  occasion,  said, — 

"Brkthren,  the  Governor  and  Council; 

"The  other  day  you  infurmnd  us  of  tiie  misbeliavior  of  our  cousins, 
the  Delaware.s,  wi[h  respect  to  their  continuing  to  claim  ami  refusing  to 
remove  from  some  land  on  the  riv«r  Delaware,  notwirhstanding  tlu-ii- 
ancestora  had  sold  it  by  deed,  under  their  hands  and  seals,  to  the  pro- 
prietors for  a  valuable  consideration  upwards  of  fifty  years  ago.  and  not- 
withstanding that  they  themselves  had  about years  ago,  after  a  lung 

and  full  exaunnation,  ratifled  that  deed  of  their  ancestora,  and  given  a 
fresh  one  under  their  hands  ami  seals,  and  then  yuu  reqne>te(i  ns  to  re- 
move them,  enforcing  your  request  witn  a  string  uf  wanil>nni.  After- 
wards you  laid  on  the  table  by  Conrad  Weiser  our  own  letters,  some  uf 

our  cousins,  with  a  draught  of  the  land  in  dispute.  Wo  now  tell  y.m 
we  have  perused  all  these  several  papers.  We  see  witti  our  oWn  eyes 
that  they  have  been  a  very  unruly  peufile,  aud  are  ;illn;;etlier  in  the 
wrong  in  their  dealings  Willi  yon.     We  lnv .   - m  In  1.   I  1..  i    inuve  them 

may  return  to  the  other  side  of  Delaware,  where  you  came  from,  but  wo 
don't  Itnow  whether,  considering  liow  yon  have  demeaned  yourselves, 
you  will  be  permitted  to  live  there,  ur  whether  you  have  not  swallowed 
that  land  down  your  throats  as  well  as  the  land  on  this  side.  We,  there- 
fore, assign  'you  two  places  to  go,  either  to  Wyoming  or  Shaniidtin. 
You  may  go  to  either  of  these  places,  and  then  we  shall  have  you  more 
under  our  eye,  and  shall  see  how  yon  behave.  Dunt  deliber.ite,  but 
I   remove  away  and  take  this  bolt  of  wampum." 

j  This  incisive  speech  was  interpreted  by  Conrad 
Weiser  into  English,  and  by  Cornelius  Spring  into 
the  Delaware  language,  when  Canassatego,  taking  a 
string  of  wampum,  added, — 

"  After  our  .just  reproof  aud  absolute  order  to  depart  from  the  land, 

>r  ever  meddling  in  land  affairs 
■nd  from  you  are  ever  hei'eafrer  t 
purpose  you  are  to  preserve  thi 

Jige  1 

any  lands  ( 

this  t 

Br  the  riv. 
■  the  fntu 

Then  turning  to  the  Delawares,  holding  a  belt  of 
wampum  in  his  hand,  he  spoke  to  them  as  follows : 

"Let  this  belt 



m  serve  to  chastis 

talien  by  the  hai 


the  ht 

■id  and  sh 

ilied  seve 

senses  and  become  s 


you  don't 

know  wl 

nor  what  yon  are 


ng.    0 

ur  Biuthe 

r  Onas"  c 

and  bis  intern  iur 

S  t( 




is  bad,  your  hea 


■  fron 

being  up 

ight.  an. 

to  break  the  oh 


of  fri 

,tli  our 

seen  with  our  e,v 

3  a 


i-ii.-d  l.y 

nine  uf  j 

years  ago  for  this 



I'l'l    .1X1 

l-.>  M'^lli 

some  of  yonrseli 

upwards.     But  h 


l|...ll   V. 

conquered  you, » 

,,|,    « 

11,  -y" 

can   no  ni.n.-  -el 


i.l    111 

11    MnllH    II 

Ni.r  is 

power  uf  .-.-liinL; 

1,    -ill 

,.    Villi    M,i 

I.I  111. .1-1 

claim  is  gu.H- ,1,1 


1  yiiii 

L-Ut-        Yi 

1  liiiv..  i 

and  meat  a.ul  di 


l.y  th 

■^ Is  |.i 

again  like  childr 


S    .Vull 

lire       lin 

Wllllt     11 

dark!    Did  you  e 


ell  .,., 



ceiveany  part,  e\ 
told  us  ;>  Mini    1 




Nation,  ..1 

public  11 

give  til. -Ill 

the  helm  > 

blood.     Y. 

Tour  ears 

1  e  ever 

receive  the 

brace  of  ba 

d  men. 


We  d 

sider  what  has  been  said  ta 


and  his  Compan 

John,  familiarly  called  "  Jack,"  Armstrong,  an  In- 
dian trader,  and  his  two  companions,  James  Smith 
and  Woodworth  Arnold,  were  murdered  by  three 
Delaware  Indians  at  the  Narrows,  above  the  borough 
of  Mount  Union,  about  the  middle  of  February,  1744. 
This  event,  which  spread  alarm  and  consternation 
among  the  frontier  settlers  and  the  traders,  gave  name 
to  the  narrow  gorge  through  which  the  Juniata  breaks 
its  winding  course.  Jack's  Narrows  are  known  to 
every  traveler  who  has  wended  his  way  through  the 
narrow  defile.  "  Jack's  Spring"  is  celebrated  for  its 
cool,  silvery  water. 

The  following  deposition  communicates  the  first  au- 
thentic intelligence  of  the  murders : 


I  White  Oak  Tree 


.e  found  a 




8,  And 


he  carried 

to  the 


ns,  one  of 



was,  &  the 

,  after 

It  to  a  Delaware 


iif  of  this  chief  of  the  Six  Nations  is  variously  spelled,  accord- 
iiiicy  t.f  the  writer.     By  some  it  has  been  written  SliikeUimo^ 


.■•  S;it  Duwn 
•  Dop"  Cros-' 

liutl  liiul  Iiilrlligonco  111 
the  rest  of  Ihi)  While  51 
CoiisMllwl  lo  go  fMlllll-r 
Dep"  Furthc-rsiiith,  tlic 


•  Inil 

.1  Cros 

an  Ish 

I..1  where  tl 

ese  Pel 

^  lliUl  1 

een  Throwi.e 

And  There 

they  M 



was  ill 

Company,  and  ther 

tlie  Ci 

c.-k  ii 


f  the  Corps 

&  Thcs 

icJ  the  Ind 

ms  to  j. 

0  down  tlie 

Creek  o 


Ufp"  at 

a  Small  distance,  ex 

I-  Civi 

<  «»' 

n,  *  Si 

jii  After  th 

ese  Dep 

Seeing  Some  liiv 
thereab",  and  tie 
one  of  [he  Corps, 
ofs'l  Arlnslr.iM-S 

the  prisoner  confessed  tin-  iiinu-,  ami  L'ives  his  version 
of  tlie  circumstances.  Thi-  liu.r  wa^  laid  before  the 
Council  on  the  2oth,  and  diriTtiinH  iriven  that  Con- 
rad Weiser  should  be  immediately  dispatched  to  the 
chiefs  of  the  Delawares  atShainokin  to  make  peremp- 
tory demand  for  the  delivery  of  the  other  murderers, 
and  that  Shickalamy  and  the  Indians  there  shall  make 
immediate  search  for  the  goods  of  the  deceased,  in 
order  that  they  may  be  put  into  the  hands  of  his 
brother  for  the  satisfaction  of  his  creditors  or  the 
support  of  his  family. 

Alexander,  brother  of  John  Armstrong,  the  mur- 
dered trader,  wrote  to  the  Indians  as  follows  : 

"T"   Al.lMopprs,  KlN-n  OF  THE  DcliiVAnEs: 

S;,w  More  Bawled 
e,  where  they  found 
Id,  the  other  Servi 
Went  to  the  Kor- 
et  the  Indians,  but 

as  we  have  no  ini. 
a  friend  I  desire 
also  send  the  mi 

and  am  your  mil 

»re  &  Cooked  .Some 

Llid  the  Companions. 

'John  Masliame 

irted  friend  and  1 

.Tohn  Mu.-r 
Di'lauan-  li 
the  murders 
Injustice.    ? 

April  ye  2.1.1. 
We  have  sen 
erd's  son  kilt 


John  Ma-shamrlen  to  Goal,  ami  lie  says  that  the  Nisha- 

The  superscription  of  the  letter  was,^ 

"To  Sicalamus,  the  great  Conncellor  for  the  Mingoes." 

Conrad  Weiser,  upon  whom  the  government  always 
relied  as  a  mediator  and  pacificator  in  troubles  with 
the  iiativrs,  ill  a  letter  to  llirhard  Teters.  from  "Tul- 
pehokin,  .Vpril  2i;,  1744,''  .i;ivino-  an  aeeount  of  some 
other  Imsiness,  congratulated  himself  that  by  his  ab- 
sence from  home  he  was  spared  the  duty  of  iiiler- 
eeiling  on  behalf  of  the  Indians  with  the  goveriiiiient. 
I'lUt  liefore  his  letter  was  forwarded  he  received  one 
from  the  Governor,  dated  the  2Gth,  containing  the  in- 
structions of  the  Council,  and  acknowdedging  the 
same  in  a  postscript  of  the  2Sth,  prepared  to  set  out 
on  the  next  morning  for  Shamokin.  Peters'  to  Weiser 
was  daird  Philadelphia,  April  26th,  and  was  sent  by 


L'iser  delivered  his  message  at 
.  the  Delaware  chief,  and  the 
lians,  in  the  presence  of  Shick 
s  of  the  Si.\  Nations.  Oluin- 
of  the  Indians  named,  thus 


"  Bkotuee,  the  Goverxok; 

"  It  is  true  that  we,  the  Delaware  Indiiins,  by  the  Instigation  of  tlio 
Evil  Spirit,  have  Murdered  James  (John)  ArmstronR  and  his  Men.  We 
liave  transgressed,  and  we  are  ashamed  to  loolt  up.  We  liave  taken  tlie 
Murderer  and  delivered  him  to  the  Relations  of  the  Deceased,  to  bo 
dealt  with  according  tn  his  works. 
"Brotmer,  THE  Governor: 

"  Your  demand  for  the  goods  is  very  just.  We  have  gathere.l  some  of 
them.  We  will  do  the  utmost  of  what  we  can  to  find  them  all.  Wo  do 
not  doubt  but  we  can  find  the  most  part,  aud  whatever  is  wanting  we 
will  make  up  in  Skins,  which  is  what  the  Goods  are  sent  for  to  the 



"The  dead  Bodies  are  Buried  ;  it  is 
buried  by  the  Murderer,  and  the  otht 
thfm.  Our  Hearts  are  in  Mourning, 
and  cannot  siiy  anything  at  present." 

Shick  Calamy,  on  behalf  of  the  Six  Nations,  then 


cident.  Mussemelin  ha.s  certainly  nun  hi  i  i  ,  ilt  ^\iiitr  ijirti  Imn. 
self,  and   upon   his  bare   accusatinn  <i    \  :      '  ^  mi,  utiili    wn-^ 

nothing  but  spite,  the  said  Neshnlnii     -   -  i      i  J'tiii  iii.nlr  ;i 

prisoner.    Our  cousins,  the  Delawun-    In. -,  lim,    iln  n   diouk,  in 

particular  Olnmapifs,  never  examined  lliijigs,  but  ni.idi'  an  innocent 
pei-son  prisoner,  which  gave  a  great  deal  of  distuibaine  amongst  us. 

tlie  river  they  stopped  at  the  house  of  James  Berry.  James  tcdd  tlie 
young  man,  *I  am  sorry  to  see  you  in  such  a  condition.  I  have  known 
yon  from  a  boy,  and  always  loved  you.'  Then  the  young  miin  seemed 
to  be  veiy  much  struck  to  the  heart,  and  said,  '  I  have  said  nothing  yet, 
but  now  I  will  tell  all ;  let  the  Indians  come  in,  and  the  white  people 
also ;  they  shall  hear  it.'    And  then  told  Mussemeelin,  in  the  presence 

"'Now  I  am  going  to  die  for  your  wickedness.    Yon  have  killed  all 
the  three  white  men.     I  never  did  intend  to  kill  any  of  thiini.'     Tli.'ti 

•  It  is  tn 


The  following  is  what  Shick  Calamy  declared  to  be  i  .j,„|'^„'i 

tlie  truth  of  the  story  concerning  the  murder  of  John  •  „,..„  „ii 

Armstrnng,   Woodworth  Arnold,   and   James  Smith,  ,  a  .^iiimi 

from  the  beginning  to  the  end,  to  wit:  i  J',|,j'(|||.i 

"That  Mussemeelin  oiving  some  skins  to  John  Armstrong,  the  said  thrown 

Armstr-irig  seized  a  Imrse  of  the  snid  Mussemeelin  and  a  rifled  gun  ;  the    I  to  load  t 

ter  that  was  done  Mussemeelin  onlered  them 
j\v  him  toward  the  hill  where  they  intended 
lingly  they'did,  and  as  they  were  going  Mus- 
there  were  a  great  many  Indians  hunting 
liould  happen  to  meet  with  any  they  must  be 

itHi-i.iI 111.    «il-  only  being  at   liniiie  lU-niiuiiU-l   llie   hor.e  of 

told  him  lis  III. 

iiMi.h,,   li.  .:iu-i.   l,i.  was  her  proper  goods,  but  did   not  get  him, 

hadm.lhiog.  1 

,i. 1,    hnl    \.<.   il,„  time  sold  or  lent   the  horse  to  James  Berry. 


ir  .Mu-M  nil  riKi   iiiiii-  from   liunting,  his  wife  told   liini   that  Arm- 

cept any,  hut 

ilvllllV    i,     1--M.! 

,,.|,  -,,    n,,l    1..    1  ,  ii,i_i    Liiii 

ing  was  -on,-  liv,  and  that  she  demanded  the  horse  of  him,  but  did 


I  know  what  yo 

u  were  talking  aliout  win- 

get  him  ;  aiid.iis  is  tbou-lil,  pressed  him  to  pursue  and  take  revenge 

Arnistroug.     The  third  day  in  the  morning  after  .lames  Arinstnmg 

s  gone  by,  Mussemeelin  said  to  two  young   men  that  hunted  with 

1  The  path,  t 

ail,  or  traders"  r 

jad,leading!.i<i  Aughwick 

ai,'Come,let  us  go  toward  the  Great  Hills  to  huntbears;'  accordingly 



so  f.,r  1, 


1.    You  hav. 


il  to  h.tray  mo. 

hut  you  shall 

fare  like 

tl.u  whii 

Id  me 

n  if  yon  iiiloi 

ml  to 

hurt  me.' 


IW,l  J 

,M>iu^'  mull  hi 

■iuK  i 

11  Ereiit  ilmt-er 

of  losing  theii 

•lives,  of 

which  1 

hey  i 

ii.iil  iH'cn  mill 

.h  nfi 

-iiiil  nil  thiit  .In; 

,■,  accepted  of 

what   he 

on»,o,l  1 

m,  mill  th-  IP 


the  Kooils  they 

put  in  a  lu-ap, 

anil  cov- 

rl't'd  the 

■ni  fii 

ml  th 

un  went  to  tlieii 

•  hunting-cal.i 

u.     51  us- 


1  nrii 

■XKctaUy  flu 


two  or  three  m. 

lire  Indiana  II 

lele.  laid 

<lu»'n  hi 

f  Eoo 

,1s,  8111.1  h 

c  hml 

killed  .l.i.k  AVD 

iHtrong  and  ti 

;ik.-n  pay 

for  Ills  li 



tlieiii  ilise.iver  it 

,  that  person 

he  would 



but  othiTivisi 

.•   the; 

.•  mi^ht  take  .1  1 

:>art  of  the  go. 

„ls.    The 


Ill  Pin  i 

ciille.l  Jimmy 


kin,  after  Mu> 



the  Eouili,  «-i 

ilh  th 

ree  more  India 

ns   with   whom  he  had 


il.    0 

iiie  ur  Ihem  w 

IIS  Nesluleeny'.s  «on, 

whom  he  ha. 

1  or.Iered 

to  kill  .hinics 

Smitli,  hiittli 

lese  II 

li.liana  would  no 

t  have  any  of  t 

he  good-. 

lie.    I  am  sHtisHi^'l  the  Iiuliiins  have  just  rpiison  tu  conipliiiii  ut 
uivior  of  some  of  our  people." 

:i  .■..nirn  ii.r  li.l.l  l.v  \V,.i<i-r  witli  Slii.k  Calamy 
iiiiiii1h.|-  111'  MilpT  lip|i;iri-,  whuiii  hr  lia.l  met  at 

Sonie  time  after  the  yimngli in  had  heen  in  ShauMkin  it  wiw  whis-       ,  •||;^,„|i.-rs'  Mill,  ill    I'lXtail-.   ill   .IllIK-,  1747,  ln-rore  tlie 

pered  al.oiit  that  some  of  the  Delaware  Indians  had  killed   Aruislrong  ,  ,    ,.  ■.,  ,,  ,  •    ,  ,    •    , 

atidhisn.en.     .V  drunken  In, ,  came  to  one  of  the  Tu.lolous  houses  at       '^l^O^e  letter  Was  written,  tllfV,-  ^p.-ilal  rn.nplaint 

night,  and  t.ihl  the  ni.iii  of  the  house  tliat  ho  could  tell  him  a  piece  of  James  Dunning  and  Jiillll  ]',  iWil.  trailers,  for 
had  new«.  -What  is  that?'  s.iid  the  other.  Tiie  drunken  ni:iii,  .stealing  property  from  a  Delaware  liiiiian,  a  sober, 
wli'i'ch 'if  o'l'r  '■'I'lVrr'i'i  ii'i'i"i'''i"i  r'.".',,t' 'I'n'i  i,V'"p  !!  I  '  i  '  j" ''''■•""' .-"'"'""'1' '"''-"'l  "i'^"-  Tile  accusation  agaiust 
them  i'iiy«eir,to  pn-viiii  ;i,i,.t,i.i..,ii.  r.  i„.i„<..  I,  „.  ,1:  ,  1,1         i.  i     ,:  .      1  lull  ni  ng  was  fur  stealing  forty-seven  deer-skins  and 

our  i.reihieii.'    Next roi  ii- shn  k  . -..iiTii  v  ;iihi  »>.i in  .  I  i!.^,-   I      tlu'oe  liorses  (or  iiiares)  npon   the  heads  of  Joniady 

the  i)eiawar,.8  were  .ailed  to  a-sis.uii,iiia|.ies  ill  cmiicii.    Ti shi.u      (j^   j  f.^)  R\ver,  while  that  against  Powel  was  for 

Cahiniy  and  Oliiniapies  got  one  of  the  Tridolow  Indians  to  write  a  letter       ^  ,  ,,  „     ,. 

to  me  to  d...siie  me  to  coine  to  shnnioki.i  in  all  haste,  that  the  Indians  Stealing  two  bundles  of  skins  Jrom  the  same  Indian 
were  vi-iy  iiiinii  iii-sansii.d  in  iiiiini.    This  letter  was  hronght  to  my      when  he  was  in   inirsuit  of  Dunning.     The  Indian 

dunn.idid  not,!iuetonieddiei,iih  Deiawaie  indiau'safTairs.andstayed  at  the  iiou~e  ol  aMi.tlii;-r  Iiidiaii.  The  bi'otlier  Went  to 
at  home  till  1  received  the  government's  orders  to  go,  which  wa.s  ahout       ]>,„v,.rs  lii.U-,'.  all.l  there  took  sick  and  died.      Powel 


ik  the  >kiiis  Iriini  the  island,  and  it  was  claimed  that 
stole  them.     Powel  was  also  charged  with  keeping 

:un  that  had  been  pawned  with  him  by  these  two 
''oiuiin''i.V",i,'iii'i. ,,',',  'i!i  i'n'i  Ti'i'ui'i'i's  '"'lians  after  the  debt  to  him  had  been  paid.  \Veiser, 
m  that  had  ii.d  fii>t  and  .•xamiii.d  iiim,  when  Writing  til  SeiTetarv  Peters,  on  the  14th  of  July, 
freely.   They  tiien  went  to  tlie  other,  hut     says  he  w.mld  lie  glad  tii  hear  what  the  Council  pro- 

iwent  away  and  left  thein.     '1  he  lliree  In-       pg^^g,    {„    ,1,,  aliiillt    the    eiilllplaints   against   these    tWO 

agnrit,!l'cili.''them"!rl,'^s,\.nd\?eiivet     traders,  and  adds,— 

li,l.iv,.,i,I,.d;,i,-,  anrl  some  were  afraid  of  their  lives,  and  went^into 

that  could   not  he  pMvaihd  no  t,,  .1,.,  ,„,■,    a„,  IhlllK,  he.:ause  of  the  .■.- 

sentnieiil  of  their  hiu -,  l.ut  tlirv   1.,im-  pr.-Mvl  hy  Shirk  Calamy's 

5un»t,,a.-,-iire  the  nni,  l,i  .1 -,  ,,11..,  «  ,„.  Il,,,,   „,,i,l,l  he  cut  „tf  the 

He  is  afraid 
n-iin-ly  f.r  tif  lii 

A-.iin.  iindrr  date  .if  Jiilv  :20th.  Weiser  urges  in  a 
litt.r  tn  .-^.I'lvt.iry  Peter,  lli'at  the  Indians  must  have 
vali>l;iitiiiii  made  fur  ]irivato  injuries  iiitli.ted  Upon 
till  111  :  if  in  no  uther  way,  they  shoiihl  be  recom- 
pins,-.i  from  the  piiMic  treasury,  and  more  than  hints 
that  tlu'v  all'  imt  dealt  with  according  to  the  letter 
ami  spirit  ..f  ihr  public  treaties.  He  says  it  is  diffi- 
iiill  III  arriv.'al  the  truth  in  private  quarrels  between 
111.'  ■'wliiii-  ami  th.'  lir.iwn  p.'.iple,  fir  the  former  will 
..ulsu.Mr  tin-  Ml-.-  livil,  and  the  oath  of  the  latter  is 
nut  g.Hiil  in  iMir  lau<." 

the  .\<>embly  :\I.iy  f'^,  17  1 1,  ntlicial  of  the 
arrest  and  impri-nnnient  nf  the  murderer  of  Arm- 
strong and  his  mm,  ami  at  a  treaty  held  at  Lancaster 
in  June  with  the  .leputie-^  uf  the  Onondagas,  Senecas,,  t_)neidas,  and  Tnsearoras  he  referred  to  the 



murder,  and  was  responded  to  by  Canassetego  on 
belialf  of  the  Six  Nations.  From  his  personal  inter- 
course with  the  Indian  chiefs  and  the  statements  of 
Conrad  Weiser,  the  Governor  was  convinced  that  the 
Indian  complaints  against  .the  traders  and  others  were 
well  founded,  and  in  a  message  to  the  Assembly  on 
the  31st  of  July  said, — 

"I  cannot  but  be  apprehensive  that  the  Indian  trade  as  it  is  now  car- 
traders,  in  defiance  of  the  law,  carry  -[■  i  iu  i;-  li  lu  i^  mnongst  them, 
and  rake  advantngeoflhciritiordioul.       ,|  i  -  ilieat  them  out 

of  their  skins  and  their  wanipnni,  wl  :  .,      .  ^,  mid  often  to 

debauch  Iheir  wives  into  the  bargain  1-  ii  i  -  l  u.n.lered  at  then  if 
when  they  recover  from  tlie  drunken  lit  tliej-  shuiild  take  severe  re- 

CH  4PTEE    \  I 

the  l,u\uiiinicn 

The  Indians  found  in  the  valley  of  the  Juniata  by 
the  white  pioneers  were  Monseys  and  Conoys  of  the 
Lenape  nation,  Nanticokes  of  the  same  original  stock, 
Shawnees  and  Tuscaroras.  Some  Mingoes  of  the  Iro- 
quois nation  made  their  home  afterwards  for  some  time 
in  Kishacoquillas  Valley.  In  an  accountdated  in  1731, 
aiipended  to  the  depositions  of  Jonah  Davenport  and 
James  Le  Tort,  Indian  traders,  mention  is  made  of 
Indian  towns  on  the  river  as  follows  : 

Oheswn,  upon  Choniata,  distant  from  Susquehanna 
sixty  miles.  Shawanese.  Twenty  families  and  sixty 
men.    Kissikahqiielas. 

Axfiiiii)ii'jiiili/'i.  upon  Chfinhitfi,  distant  .about  one  hun- 
dri'.l  milr^  by  water  and  filty  by  land  from  Ohesson. 
Delawares.     Twrlve  families  and  thirty-six  men. 

Trading-posts  had  been  fixed  at  an  early  day  in  the 
valley,  where  goods  were  bartered  with  the  natives 
for  furs  and  skins,  but  settlements  could  not  he  law- 
fully made  prior  to  the  extinction  of  the  Indian  title 
by  the  treaty  of  1754.  Notwithstanding  the  fact  that 
before  the  treaty  the  lands  were  expressly  withlield 
from  occupancy  by  the  whites,  they,  regardless  of 
treaty  stipulations  and  the  reserved  rights  of  the  ab- 
origines, pushed  forward  beyond  the  purchase-lines, 
and  began  settlements  here  and  there  as  inclination 
led  or  choice  lands  and  abundance  of  game  attracted 
them.  The  first  complaint  by  the  Indians  about  in- 
trusions upon  unpurchased  lands  in  this  valley  is  de- 
scribed in  the  following  paragraphs. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  proprietary,  Thomas  Penn,  the 
Lieutenant-Governor,  and  members  of  the  Provincial 

Council,  with  Shekallamy,  a  chief,  and  Indians  of  the 
Six  Nations,  held  at  Philailelphia  on  the  I'.Uii  day  of 
June,  1733,  through  the  interpreter,  (loniad  Weiser, 
Shekallamy,  after  disposing  of  other  items  of  his  mis- 
sion, asked  "  Whether  the  proprietor  had  heard  of  a 
letter  which  he  and  Sassoonan  sent  to  .lolin  Harris, 
to  desire  him  to  desist  from  making  a  plantation  at 
the  mouth  of  Chonintit,  where  Harris  has  built  a  house 
and  is  clearing  fields." 

They  were  told  that  Harris  had  only  built  that 
home  for  carrying  on  his  trade;  that  his  [ilantation.  on 
which  he  has  houses,  barns,  etc.,  at  Pextan,  is  his  [ilace 
of  dwellino-  and  it  is  not  to  be  supposed  he  will  re 
not  1  lalelao  If 

n    k  1  d   CI 

1    I    II  1     1         h       1     H  1      e 

I  I  1  e    e        of  1  1  1  e 

1  1  11 

11  1    1        H  11,111 

11  1111  111  I 

II  111!  1      H    1     I 

n      II        I  I       II  1  1 

11       II  1  111  I 

•5     N  1         1       I  I  I  II 

I      e       u  de         1     d       1     I      I       1 
1  1         d       be  kep    f  ee        n  | 

tling  on."  He  was  told  in  answer  that  care  should  be 
taken  to  give  the  necessary  orders  in  it. 

John  Harris,  father  of  the  founder  of  Harrisburg, 
was  a  native  of  Yorkshire,  England,  and  settled  on  the 
bank  of  the  Susquehanna  sohie  time  before  the  year 
1726.  He  carried  on  an  extensive  trade  with  the 
neighboring  Indian  tribes,  bartering  his  mereliaiulise 
for  furs  and  skins.  In  the  pursuit  of  his  husiness  he 
appeared  to  have  established  a  branch  trading-lmuse 
at  the  ninulli  of  ('hniiiata,  of  which  eneroaehnient  the 
ever  sen-itive  ahorigines  uttered  the  complaints  de- 
tailed in  the  above  paragraphs. 

Conrad  Weiser,  who  appears  as  interpreter  for  the 
Indians  at  the  meeting  on  the  19th  of  June,  and 
who  subsequently  became  an  active  and  valuable  in- 
tercessor between  them  and  the  whites,  was  born  in 
Germany  in  1696,  but  at  an  early  age  emigrated  to 
America,  and  settled  about  the  year  1714.  His  nu- 
merous letters, interspersed  in  our  records  and  archives, 
indicate  him  to  have  been  a  man  of  unusual  acuteness, 
thorough  knowledge  of  Indian  character,  and  strictly 
upright  ill  the  business  committed  to  him.  His  place 
of  re--i(leiue  was  in  what  is  now  Berks  County,  and  the 
inscription  of  his  letters  written  when  at  liome,  "  TuL- 
PYHOCKIN,"  indicates  that  it  was  at  or  near  the  creek 
bearing  that  name.  He  was  the  grandfather  of  Rev. 
H.  A.  Muhlenberg,  once  minister  to  Austria. 

Weiser  is  first  noticed  as  an  interpreter  at  a  meeting 
of  the  Council  held  at  Philadelphia,  Dec.  10,  1731,  to 
which  he  accompanied  Shekallamy  and  another  In- 
dian, messengers  sent  to  the  Six  Nations.' 



A  part  of  the  business  of  tlie  chiefs  of  tlie  Six  Na- 
tions :U  tlie  conference  of  1742,  wliich  be.s^an  on  the 
30tli  day  of  June,'  liad  reference  to  the  consideration 
for  releasint?  tlieir  claim  to  all  the  land  in  the  prov- 
ince on  botli  sides  of  the  river  Susquehanna  lying 
eastward  of  the  Kndless  Hills,  called  by  the  Dela- 
wares  the  "  Kekkachtananin  Hills.'  -' 

The  Indians  having  at  a  previous  meeting  received 
payment  for  the  lands  lying  eastsvur.l  of  the  Sus,|Ue- 



were  not  insensible  of  the  value  of  their  lands  nor  ig- 
norant of  the  fact  that  the  goods  received  in  exchange 
therefor  wore  either  tawdry  finery  or  articles  of  little 
use  and  soon  destroyed  or  consumed.  Canassatego, 
an  Onondaga  chief,  on  this  occasion  said,  "  We  know 
our  Lands  .-ire  now  become  more  Valuable;  the  white 
People  think  we  .lon't  know  their  Value,  but  we  are 
sensible  that  the  Land  i-  Everlasting,  and  the  few 
Goods  we  receive  lor  it  are  soon  Worn  out  and  Gone; 
for  the  future,  we  will  sell  no  lands  l,ut  when  Brother 
Onas  ]Penn|  is  in  the  Country,  and  we  will  know 
beforehand  the  ( Quantity  <,f  Goods  we  are  to  receive." 
iCol.  Iter.,  iv.  .-.70.) 

The  whiter  still  i.ersisted  in  their  de>ire  to  push 
their  srttlements  westward,  probably  for  the  double 
puilin~e  (if  seeking  game  and  securing  good  soil  for 
cultivatiiin.  In  the  same  speech  from  which  we  have 
made  the  last  extract,  Cana.ssatego,  in  speaking  of  the 
lands  westward  of  the  Endless  Hills,  thus  complains: 
"  Your  I'eople  daily  settle  on  these  Lauds  and  spoil 

thrill,  a^  voii  know  they  have  no  right  to  the  Nnrtli- 
ward  of  Kittnrhiiniiy  Hills." 

In  these  transactions  the  duplicity  and  greediness 
of  the  while  man  are  prominently  exhibited,  and  the 
Indians — sole  and  rightful  proprietors  of  the  soil — set 

domain  by  the  advancing  column  of  civilization. 
And  this  work  to  be  accomplished  by  the  formality 
of  a  deed,  in  exchange  for  which  they  will  receive  a 
few  worthless  trinkets,  or  by  the  gradual  and  certain 
increase  of  settlers  on  thf  frontier  who  restrict  the 
limits  and  assist  in  the  destruction  of  game,  their 
only  means  of  subsistence.  Need  we  be  surprised 
then  to  learn  of  some  atrocious  act  committed  by  the 
red  man  upon  the  whites  when  they  are  daily  harassed 
by  settlers  and  traders  coming  uninvited  among  them 
and  dealing  out  potions  of  poisonous  rum,  defrauding 
them  in  trade,  and  occupying  their  lands? 

In  compliance  with  the  request  of  the  Indians  the 
following  proclamation  was  issued: 

"By  llie  Honorable  Geouge  Thom.\s.  E.«4..  and 
Conimander-iu-Chief  of  the  Province  of  Peimsi/;i'iiiii.i,  and  tlie  Counties 
of  Xetc-Cuatle,  Kent^  and  6"inMiez  upon  Delaware, 

*' Wherras,  liy  tlie  express  Orders  of  the  Hon.,  the  Proj.rietari^Bf  no 
Warrant  or  Lirense  lias  issued  out  of  the  Laml-office  for  taking  up  or  set- 

is  side  of  those  Hills, 
off  them  with   their 

r.iiy  lit  tlu-ir  highest 


3alil!S  of  the /JiKr 
■  the  Itiver  Patow- 

the  jiurtiose  of  -it 
too  weak  or  iini  in 
rishts,  and  that  :-(; 

protect   tlu-m   and   tli 
ill   be  driven  from  ih 

and  the  Great  Seal  of  the 
in  the  SLrlmilh  Tear  of  the 
■cond,  by  the  Grace  of  God 
efender  of  the  Faith,  etc. 

"GuD  save  the  King  I" 

ial  government  doubtless  honestly  de- 
)•  with  the  demands  of  the  Indians,  and 
good  faith  the  mutual  contract  made 
It  the  cupidity  of  the  daring  white 
ed  him  to  (iay  little  heed  to  the  proc- 
I  lii~  own  personal  safety  in  resisting 
.  At  a  council  at  Shamokin,  held 
the  orator  on  the  part  of  the  Indians, 
'  Brother,"  through  Conrad  Wei- 


"The  Dutchman'  on  Scokooniady  (Juniata)  claims 
a  right  to  the  land  merely  because  he  gave  a  little 
victuals  to  our  warriors,  who  stand  very  often  in  need 
of  it.  This  string  of  wampum  serves  (the  speaker 
then  took  two  strings  of  wampum  in  his  hands)  to 
take  the  Dutchman  by  the  arm  and  to  throw  him 
over  the  big  mountains  within  your  borders.  We 
have  given  the  River  Scokooniady  (Juniata)  for  a 
hunting-place  to  our  cousins,  the  Delawares,  and  our 
brethren,  the  Shawauese,  and  we  ourselves  hunt  there 
sometimes.  We,  therefore,  desire  you  will  iinmedi- 
ately  by  force  remove  all  those  that  live  on  the  said 
river  of  Scokooniady." 

From  time  to  time  the  Indians  repeated  their  com- 
plaints against  the  intruders  with  little  avail.  The 
white  pioneers  cared  little  for  paper  proclamations, 
and  less,  if  anything,  for  either  the  presence  or  the 
rights  of  the  natives.  Finally  affairs  reached  such  a 
crisis  that  the  government  must  either  enforce  its 
laws  or  by  passiveness  invite  savage  revenge.  Rich- 
ard Peters  and  Conrad  Weiser  were  accordingly  sent 
out  with  authority  to  view  the  frontier,  and  dispossess 
any  persons  found  on  unpurchased  territory.  Peters' 
report  is  herewith  printed  in  full,  as  it  relates  in 
part  to  a  district  within  the  bounds  of  Huntingdon 
County  : 

and  Oomin.iuder-i[i-Cliief  of    the    Province  of   Peiinsjlvania,  and 
Counties  of  Now  Custle,  Kent,  and  Sussex  on  Delaware. 
"Tlie  Rfport  of  Eicliard  Peters,  Esquire,  Secretary  of  tlie  Province 

of  Pennsjivania,  of  tlio  Proceedings  against  sundry  Persons  settled  in 

tlie  unpnicluised  Part  of  the  Province  aforesaid. 

a  String  of  Wa 
3  «itli  thestroi 
n  Tuesdiiy,  the 
.  Benjamin  Cli 
raith,  Esquires, 
le  Uri 

uder  Slieriff. 

nty-five  miles  from  tl 
n  the  Blue  Hills,  a  pla 

other,  not  quite  nni-Ii  ,!,  i 
sessedby  Georgi  ir:  i  w 
of  these  Persi'ii'  w  .  \ 
Hiddleston.and  c,  ,_  ( 
being  asked  by  what  Ri-ii 
of  those  Lands  and  erect'*< 
or  Authority,  but  that  the 
sylvan  ia,     They  then  were 

by  the  Governor's  Proclatr 
Proclamation,  and  had  not 
Hereupon  tlie  said  William 
Hiddleston,  and  George  Cnl 
their  view,  the  Under  Shci 

of  May,  the 
Lycon,  and 
..n,l  Mother 

-rni^   h      ji    I  least  for  want  of  their  Removal  i 

iii;iih  i  ^i\  Nations  of  Indians  and  this  Prov 

nee,  W  -.  ;  .nl  .,,  I  ii.  .  I,,.i,ih  •  Iiil.-euth  di  of  CumherlaiKl,  where  the  Places  on 
ettled  lay. 

wo  of  which  were  Sons  of  Schickcalamy, 
ho  Six  Nations  with  this  Gov 

3  Trespassers  and  had  r 

and    desiring 

-euth  day  of  May  last,  for  the  new 
aces  on  which  the  Trespassers  had 

Magistrate,  went  to  the  I.„.   TI„ 
Galloway  (which  they  had. i,: 

Ave  Indians,  three  from  Shamoldn, 
amy,  who  transact  th.'  Business  of 

they  were  convicted  and  nn     , 

longing  to  the  said  Genr,...".     ^^ 

»Jalion   called  ,\;in,n,  and    Andrew 
Mr.  Montour  telling  us  lie  had  a 
Twightwees  to  this  (iovcrnnu-nt, 
.  held  on  the  eighteenth  of   May 
Iraith,  George    Croglian,  William 

then  a  confere .       .  I  ^    .     , 

and  after  greiit   Iv:  ■,      ,,      ,      i 

destroyed  they  « .i  |.i,  ■  :   ;  , 

age  others  to  come  there -1..,        :, 
was  doing  would  signify  ii-ll,, 
Distance  fro   :  the  Inhabit,.,,; 
and  Mr.  Weiser  also  giving  it  a.,  l.i 

.1  :     •  .1         ••  :   .1      ..   ■■inply  G 

1..    !■     ^,  ,  s  go  away,  and  SO 

i       .s-ionofthemats 

,     :  !      ..-It  for  the  Proprie 

Ion.  Ml on  that  if  all  the  0; 

were  left  standing  the  Indians  wou 
ion  of  the  Government  that  they  w 

d  conceive  such  a  contemptible 
ould  come  themselves  in  the  ^V 


0  Frederic 

Star,  a 

Buffalo  Greek, 

in  Oliv 

er  to 


1,  Perry 

2  In  Cumberland  V 



five  mi 

German,  who  settleil 

SluTifT  l.y  my  Order. 

'■The  next  Day  Ijeitigthe  twenty-fourth  of  May,  Mr.  "Weisernnd  Mr. 
G;ilbiaith,  witli  the  Under  Sheriff"  and  myself,  ou  our  Way  to  the  month 
of  Juniata,  called  at  Andrew  Lycon'3  with  Intent  only  to  inform  him 

probably  in  Pfou 


that  his  Keighbure  were  bound  for  his  Appearance  aiui  irnineiiial!  to  cam bim  not  to  bring  himself  or  them  into  Trouble  by  r);.vies 

a  Refusal ;  But  lie  presented  a  loaded  Gun  to  the  Magistrates  and  Sheriff,  i    That  tl 

t  tb.- ni>tmau  that  ilarM  to  c.uie  ni-bor.     On  this  he  '    Vmvm 

:,  ,,   I    ,„,.|  .,  „.,„il!,.,i    t  .   il  .    r,,.^    ,;>      r  tb..  SluTiff.  left  .iff. 

said  he  V 

tiou.aii.ll.v  ii  -I- 
insisted  on  oui   b.u 

Mr.  Benjaurin  (hat 
before  separated  fro 

urn  il  Ihenjvelves         that  Ihe.v  were 
Lirew  Lycou  all  the       Case  to  the  Gov. 

■ted  to  nie  that  they  had 

f.uMil  ih.iT  .laim-B  Parker,  Thomas  Parker,  Owen  MeKeeb,  John  Mc-  mended  it  t.  tli.  m  .at  i,r.: ! .                                        ■    in  -.,.1,111 i.t 

(  I.H...  Kiiliaid  Kirkpatrick,  James  Murray,  John  Scott,  lleury  Oass,  if  they  weir  t.,  ili..  >mui  h  mI  1 :  : .  illi  i  .  ih.  N-i  ili 

J. ,1,1,  I  ■.,«, 111.  .-iiiM. 11  Cirb-e,  and  Jolin  Kilaugh.  who  bad  settled  Lands  :    of  it  thai  llo-j  u.-ul.l  nivi-  11..  I  1  ,  .  m  fi  1.  mlly 

oftl,,.t,,.,     .       ,'                .  \  1.  \\ .  11;.  \  li.ii  t   iiui!  Ibeni  in  Kecoguizauces  |    of  Maryland. 

of  the  r.  1               ''       II...      1  1'.. nil. I- t..  and  answer  for  their  j       *' I  iiave  truly  related  the  several  Blatters  of  Fact  in  the  order  they  were 

1)1- 1,,.  1,1  .,1  -                    .!;,■■  iii\  -rlf  ..r  Ml    w.  1-  I.    11  ..  i    111  \    i;.  M  ■    I  .  j    .        1    .   -    i  .  .  ..titidence 

remoli-i.;i    • ■                 i     .   .   :   ..  ;     -                                                                 iii.iii-,    l    I  -h    M          ■-    111.    I.    :.      :  I  :  li..  History 

meanest  of  Ibo-e  Cabbins  to  be  set  on  Fire,  where  the  Families  were  mc 

not  large  nor  the  luiproveineuts  considerable.  ha 

"  On  Jlonday,  the  2Slh  of  May,  we  were  met  at  Shippensburgh  by  Sam-  offi 
uel   Smith,  William   Maxwell,  George  Croghan,  Benjamin  Chambers. 

Robert  Cbambei-s,  William  Allison,  William  Trent,  John  Finley,  John  Hv 

Miller,  Hermauus  Ahicks,  and  James  Galbraitb,  Esquires,  .Justices  of  tin 

(■nmljerland  County,  who  informing  us  that  the  People  in  tlie  Tuscoraro  An 

Path,  in  the  Big  Cove,  and  at  Auqiiick  would  submit,  Mr.  Weiser  to 

earnestly  pressed    that  ho  uiiglit  be  excused  any  further  .attendance,  in 

■fore  you,  that  it  m.iy  appear  we 
be  Government  and  a  kind  and 


Ibiiiie:  and 

p,  Alexander  Mcl.'urlie,  David  Lewis,  Adam  McCail 
ndrew  Dnnlap,  Robert  Wilson,  Jacob  Pyalt.  Jacob  P.i 
illii    Raniage,   Reynolds  Alexander,  Samuel    Palteisoll 


presumed  to  settle  at  a  Place  called  the  Big 
om  its  being  enclosed  in  the  Form  of  a  Bason 
of  ihe  Kittochtiuny  Uills  and  the  Tuscoraro 
;  aud  lose  themselves  in  other  Hills).     This 

1  over  in  the  like  Kecogn 
prietai  ie.^.     Three  waste 

Big  aud    Little  Conollo 


)  convincing  that  all 
and  Mittimus  settled 

I  life  Irum  Justice, , 

t  of  my  Henierabran 

Part  of  the  Provin 

dition  tliey  should  acknuwlolg..  tlir_\  ha.l 
Propiitttiiries,  and  were  told  at  the  suttie 
be  burnt.  With  this  they  «ere  satisfin 
Bonds,  and  expected  that  as  tlu-ir  Calibi 
prietiiries  the  Person  in  Possession  of  tl 

continued  their  Seltleuionts  in  Op- 
People  were  only  prompted  by  a 
mds  no  better,  nay  not  so  good  as 


Lyon;  and  «•,,,  n 

■      ..u.evulM 


afl.r  tbeir 


was  burnt  and  Kin 



mo  Bonds 


expressed  Satisfa.  u 

■       -   iM-,-11  done 

to  tbe 

r  Cabbins, 

SiijingThiitif  thBlndi:,!,-  «,n,,l 


lid  no 

stay  thera 

it  WHS  better  to  be  away  dilectlj 

as  it  was  Snnmi 

r  Tim 

and  mild 

weatber.    Finding  sucb  a  geni-ral 

BUbuii-sion,  and  ve 

rilv  be 



would  be  efTectually  taken 

way,  the.e  was  no 


ess  in  n,y 


r  wbicb  I  did  not  do  for  tbo 

.ffenders,  giving  t: 

em  Bk 

ney  where 


vere  poor,  and  telling  tbeni  i 

ley  migbt  go  diicL 


ny  Part  of 

chased  or  the  India 

where  the 


ies  were  large,  aa  I  l,al.|n-ne 

i:.r,,„l   I,,l|,  ,,.,1    ,\,.„,    In    ^la 

to  bave  several   ., 

■c-     till 

vn  Planta- 
hey  could 
lis  Lenity 

■i]  f,ir  their 

Expedient  to  quiet 

u,  proposed  a  purchase  of  those 
.isn-uni  ibi-  Itulians.signifyiug  to  them  that  it  would  be  more  agree- 
to  you  to  buy  them  (as  the  Cause  of  Complaint  principally  arose 
■-)  than  any  other;  but  they  absolutely  refused,  ami  instead  thereof 
e  an  otler  of  about  two  Millions  of  Acres  on  the  East  iSido  of  Sasque- 
iiah,  saying  the  People  might  go  and  settle  there,  which  was  accepted 
a  Sum  of  Money  paid  them  down;  and  thereupon  a  Proclamation 
issued  to  warn  the  People  against  continuing  or  settling  on  any 
urchased  Laud  over  Sasquehaunah  on  the  severest  Penalties  ;  but 
making  no  Impression,  your  Honour  issued  Orders  to  me  and  Mr. 
ser  to  effect  their  Removal. 

L  leave  it  to  Mr.  Weiser  (as  he  was  joined  with  me  by  your  Honour) 
lake  his  own  Report,  and  shall  only  observe  that  in  all  our  Consul- 
»ns  he  (who  is  Indian  Interpreter  for  Virginia  and  Maryland  as  well 
:  this  Province,  and  must  be  supposed  to  know  tbe  minds  of  the  In- 
s  the  best)  proceeded  on  this  as  a  certain  Truth,  that  if  we  did  not 

■  Fulton  County. 

-  Fannett  township,  Franklin  Co. 

'  On   the   waters   of  Little  Augbwick    Creek, 

intingdou  Co.,  aud  the  towuship  of  the  same  m 

1-,    nn    i,i..ny    u.-iii^l    ht-   sh<.»  ,■,!,  Imi t    that    ihry   wuuld  feel   the 
i-our  of  the  Law. 

ay  be  proper  to  add  that  the  Cabbins  or  Log  Houses  which  were 
ere  of  no  considerable  Value,  being  such  as  tlie  Country  People 

i  Day  or  two. 

uly  the  Charge  of  an  Entertain 

action,  humbly  hoping  the  Part  I  have  acted  therein  will  meet  with 
your  approbation,  and  that  it  will  have  the  desired  good  ERect  in  re- 
moving the  Trespassers  and  prevent  their  returning  to  their  Settle- 
ments, and  any  future  Clamours  or  Complaints  from  the  Indians  on 
that  Head,  aud  am 

"  Your  Honour's  most  obedient, 

"humble  Servant, 

" Philadelphia,  July  2,  175i)." 

None  of  these  settlers  had  ventured  farther  west 
within  the  limits  of  Huntingdon  County  than  the 
Tuscarora  Valley  in  Dublin  and  probably  Tell  towu- 

»- — - — — - — — -— ~ — ^ 

&  Richard  Peters  was  commissioned  provincial  secretary  Nov.  24, 1748, 
and  served  until  1760.  He  owned  the  land  upon  which  Hollidaysburg 
is  located. 


sllips.       Tllr    Ivcll.Tliol,    n{    Ih 

is  oin 

|.rtuat.-,l    in    Ihr   „ai, .,■..,    th,-  x 


Iluntin-.l.m,   in   thr   virinity   ■ 

nf    \vl 

cabins   > 1.   |.rnl,;,   lli..>r 

of     1' 

Perry,  an.l  <'liarll..n. 

In    August    and    S,-|i(rinlHT 


renccs  detailed   in   Sr.Tetary 


was  iimoM-  the  Indians  of  N. 

■w    V. 

inessas,'e  to  them   fruiu  the  pr 


The  Onondaira  chiefs  were  ai 


action  had  heen  tal<en  ton-ards 
on  their  lands  near  tl.r.rnnial: 


■ial  vi^it  is  [ler-  five  men,  exidiisive  of  o(iicer.s.     C'apt.  Hiijrh  Mercer,' 

<:f  "  lUirnt  Call-  eomniandaiit  at  Sliirley,  reported,  April  10th,  that  he 

1,  ar   the   linr  ot  hail   only  thirty  men,  who  were  engaged  to  remain 

irh  some  of  the  there  until   the  1st  of  May,  by  which   time  he  i.s  in 

di-ntu-r,   l)eloni:,  hopes  of  completing  hi.s  company.     Col.  John  Arm- 
strong,  August  20th,   reported   to  Governor  Morris, 

viii.;-    the    cMcur-  that  "  as  Fort  Shirley  is  not  easily  defended  and  their 

■  re|init,   WeiMT  Water  may  be  taken   possession  of  by  the  Enemy,  it 

irk,  drlivrring  a  running  at  the  Foot  of  a  high  bank  Eastward  of  the 

iry  government.  Fort,  and  no  well   Diigg,  I  am  of  Opinion,  from  its 
1   to   know   what  '  remote  situation,  that  it  can't  serve  the  Country  in 

i-ing  the  settlers  the  present  Circumstances,  and  if  Attacked  I  doubt 

Ihi-naliouls,  and  will   be  taken   if  not  strongly   Garrisoned,  but   (ex- 

ing  finni  Wii-ir  treamities  excepted)  I  cannot  evacuate  this  without 

-  and  till-  iillirei-s  your  Honour's  Orders,"     Acting  upon  the  suggestion 

,■  Ci.vnni.r   had  of  Cul.    Arni-trnng,    William    Il^nny,   win.    had    suc- 

lie  inlruder>.  .-eedrd  Uoliert  1  lunter  Morris  a.0.icnlcnanl(  M.vernor, 

y  till-   |.riivin.-ial  ordered  the  evacuation  of  the  furt.  and   rr|H.rtril    his 

r  intinde  1  rllert,  action  to  the  Council  October  I'uh.     In  another  let- 

iiitliiT  iiMii|ilaiiit  ter  of  the  same  date,  written   froui   Carli-lr,  imw  in 

in   ,luly,   i::i4, 
tl,.-   laiid-.  wen- 

CHAPTER    VII.  ...„    „„.    ,„.,,      \, ,„-„,„.    u„;   ,,,., i   ,h,.  Kuins  ,.f  F.,rl 

the  Frenrh   and  i 
failure   ..1   Cnl.  W; 

.  wanted  U>  treat 

an.l  Lil 

Shirley.  |.r.,l.ali 

Furl   l; 

.  William  .'^liiil.'V 
nn,  nil   \\u-  wr-ln- 

Shi  id. 'y 
of  the 

sl.iii-g.  1.11  iir  11. Mr 
g  of   Davi.l    1)1,11,   t 

|,„    ;,    ,, 1  v.TV 



■' Humble  Sorvt., 

Tlie  destruction  of  Fort  Granville  and  ca|>ture  of 
prisoners  by  tlie  French  and  Indians  added  to  (he  ter- 
rors of  the  frontier  settlers,  and  impel  led  l  he  ee\  ern- 
nient  to  resort  to  more  decisive  measure-;  lo  j.iotect 
the  people  from  the  murderous  assaiills  nf  the  enemy. 
Accordingly  Governor  Morris,  actini;  n|inii  ijil'iinna- 
tion  received  from  escaped  prisoners  that  Shingas  and 
Jacobs,  the  leaders  of  the  hostile  Indians,  lived  at 
Kittanning,  from  which  point  bands  were  fitted  out 
for  depredations  in  this  and  adjacent  provinces,  con- 
certed an  expedition  against  that  town,  to  be  con- 
ducted by  Col.  John  Armstrong,  who  was  to  have 
under  his  command  the  companies  officered  by  Capts. 
Hamilton,  Mercer,  Ward,  and  Porter,  and  such  vol- 
unteers as  could  be  enlisted.  The  expedition  was  to 
be  conducted  as  secretly  as  possible,  and  was  to  be 
organized  at  Fort  Shirley.  About  the  end  of  August 
the  command  proceeded  en  route  for  Kittanning.  "At 
the  r.eaver  Diinis,  a  few  miles  from  Frankstown,  on 
tlie  Nerlh  llraneh  of  Juniata,"  the  sections  of  the 
coiuiiiaiid  that  marched  separately  were  consolidated, 
and  proceeded  r/atheKittanningpath  to  the  objective 

The  expedition  was,  considering  the  times  and  cir- 
cumstances, well  planned  and  promptly  executed. 
By  the  14th  of  September,  Armstrong  had  reached 
Fort  Littleton  on  his  homeward  march,  and  from  that 
point  sent  by  express  to  Governor  Denny  his  official 
report.  This  b(dd  and  determined  move  stayed  for  a 
time  the  incursions  of  the  enemy,  but  there  was  a 
sense  of  insecurity  felt  in  the  valley  until  about  the 
beginning  of  1762.  On  Jan.  5,  1757,  the  corporation 
of  Philadelphia,  as  a  reward  for  his  services,  pre- 
sented Col.  Armstrong  with  a  piece  of  plate,  caused 
a  medal  with  appropriate  legends  to  be  struck,  and 
addressed  him  a  letter  thanking  him  anil  his  officers 
for  their  gallant  conduct. 

In  1758  an  army  under  Gen.  John  Forbes,  com- 
prising commands  officered  by  Cols.  Boquet  and 
Washington,  set  out  vid  Fort  Bedford  to  dislodge  the 
French  at  Fort  Duquesne,  and  with  the  exception  of 
a  sanguinary  engagement  between  advanced  bodies 
under  Majs.  Grant  and  Lewis  and  the  Freueli  and 
Indians,  the  main  army  reached  the  fort  witlioul 
serious  loss,  but  found  it  in  ruins.  The  French,  un- 
able to  cope  with  the  superior  force  of  the  English, 
chose  to  apply  the  torch  rather  than  to  surrender  the 
fortress.     Forbes  erected  defensive  works,  wdiich  the 

tiong  ^\itli  two  biotbers  and  a  si.ster  emigrtitetl  from  the 
.ml,  and  suttkd  at  Cal  lisle  about  1748.  He  died  Miircb  9, 
.  Iiuiied  ill  the  old  cemetery  at  Carlisle,  Itis  son  Julili, 
^le  ill  1758,  Bt'ived  in  the  Revolutionary  war,  United  States 
New  Yolk,  miuibter  to  France,  and  Secretary  of  War 
'lit  Bladifaon.  Dr  J.iuies,anotlierson,  becaniedihtiiigiiislied 
1     He  died  iu  18^8,  and  was  buried  alongside  bis  father. 

next  year  were  supplanteil  by  more  substantial  ones, 
and,  in  honor  of  the  then  British  premier,  were  named 
Fort  Pitt.  The  same  year  (1758),  at  a  council  held 
at  Eastdii.  the  boundaries  in  the  Indian  deed  of  1754 
to  the  ]iru|>iiet;iries  were  curtailed  and  more  clearly 
deliiieil,  and  tlieir  title  to  the  lands  in  the  valley  of 
the  Juniata  confirmed, 

Tlie  Pontiac  war,  begun  in  1763,  again  alarmed  the 
frontiersmen,  and  quiet  and  peace  was  not  assured 
until  the  successful  termination  of  Col,  Bmiuet's  ex- 
pedition in  the  autumn  of  1764. 

Fort  Standing  Stone.— This  fort  stood  in  the 
vicinity  of  Penn  and  Second  Streets  in  the  borough 
of  Huntingdon.  Its  dimensions  or  precise  locality 
cannot  be  ascertained,  for  no  one  now  living  ever  saw 
its  lines  of  defense.  The  only  parts  of  it  remaining 
in  modern  times  were  the  logs  from  one  of  the  maga- 
zines that  had  been  removed  from  their  original  place 
in  the  fort  to  No.  205  Penn  Street,  aud  there  re-erected 
and  utilized  as  the  lower  story  of  a  building  which 
was  long  occupied  as  a  blacksmith-shop  by  John 
Simpson,  James  Simpson,  David  Snare,  and  others. 
They  were  of  heavy  oak  timber,  hewn  on  four  sides, 
and  "  dove-tailed"  at  the  corners  so  as  to  fit  closely 
together.  This  building  was  torn  down  about  1854 
to  clear  the  ground  for  the  erection  of  the  residence 
of  Theodore  H.  Cremer,  Esq.  The  accepted  tradition 
relative  to  the  time  of  the  erection  of  this  fort  fixed 
the  date  about  the  beginning  of  the  war  of  the  Revo- 
lution, but  on  an  interesting  map  of  the  territory  em- 
braced between  the  Hudson  on  the  east,  the  central 
part  of  Ohio  on  the  west,  the  shores  of  Lakes  Erie 
and  Ontario  and  the  river  St.  Lawrence  on  the  north, 
and  Maryland  on  the  south,  constructed  by  Capt. 
Pouchot,  in  the  French  military  service,  and  trans- 
mitted by  him  to  Marshal  de  Belle  Isle  in  a  letter 
dated  Montreal,  14th  April,  1758,^  quite  a  number 
of  the  English  defenses  and  other  prominent  objects 
are  located.  Among  those  in  Pennsylvania  are  Phila- 
dclphie,  Laneastre,  Euifon,  Franckstoion,  Rays  Toioii, 
de  la  Susqiteahanna,  Jiiueain  i?,,  Piclle  T!.,  F.  fniit- 
berlaml,  F.  Standen  Stone,  F.  <lii  (i„r,iir.  I.„,nh,n, 
Litetoii,  Loyalanon,  etc.  Viewed  in  the  ligiit  "I'  our 
present  geographical  knowledge,  the  map  presents 
many  inaccuracies,  but  it  is,  nevertheless,  a  remark- 
able exhibit  of  the  district  it  essays  to  represent 
when  we  consider  the  time  at  which  it  was  prepared, 
and  the  meagre  data  obtainable  a  century  and  a 
quarter  ago  in  the  then  w^estern  wilds. 

This  map  gives  Fort  Standing  Stone  an  existence 
at  a  date  much  earlier  than  that  fixed  by  any  English 
records  that  have  been  found.  The  French  having, 
by  the  treaty  of  Paris  in  1763,  surrendered  all  their 
northern  possessions  to  the  British,  were  no  lonjrer  in- 
terested in  this  region,  and  after  that  time  could  iiave 
no  motive  to  revise  Pouchet's  ma|i,  which  as  now 
printed  purports  to  be  A/av-s'imilr  of  the  original. 




Other  Forts.— Aliiiosl  at  tho  beirinimi';  ol  [he 
KfvolutidiKiry  .slrufrfrle  tlie  settlers  of  the  valley  felt 
the  nece.-sity  tor  providing  .sate  retreat.s  from  invading 

ereeted  tlirougliout  the  .settlniicnt-.  'riny  were 
usually  eonstrueted  of  logs,  and  |.rovidrd  with  luo|i- 
holcs  to  serve  tho  donhle  pur|iii-e  nl'  "  duthndcs"  and 
for  the  use  of  the  rille  in  ease  of  ailaiks.  Tho-e  elaborately  hnill  were  made  of  tiiidicr-  set  on 
end  and  llnnly  iiMl..'dd.'d  in  the  gnuin.l.  and  were 
called  slorkade^.  In-hle  were  magazines  l„r  the  -afe 
storage  nf  ammiiniti..M,  and  l.arraeks  for  the  aeeom- 
ni..dati(.n  of  soldier-  or  tho>e  seeking  proteetion. 
/■;//,,■.  was  I  lolliday-lmrg,  near  where  MeCa- 
han-  mill  -tan.l>.  J/.,//;./.n/\^,  about  a  mile  below 
that  town,  wa-  I'et.a-  'fitiis'  log  barn  transformed  j 
into  a  military  defeii-r.  y,-"vv'<  wa-  built  in  Canoe  \ 
valley,  thne  nnles  soutbwe-t  of  Water  ^-ireet,  where 
the  German  K.-lormrd  riinreh  now  stands.  This  • 
being  small,  the  hou-e  of  .Matthew  Dean,  farther  up 
the  valley,  wa-  n-ed  temporarily.  The  people  of 
Sinking  Valley  were  ae.-ommiMlated  by  a  fort  built 
near  the  re>hieiiee  of  .laeob  Roller.  Hartsnck'f,  in 
Woodroik  Valley,  near  Marklesburg,  and  Lytic  ■%  in  ' 
Ilarfs  I.o^r.  three  mile-  -oiith  of  Ale.xaielria,  served 
the  irdiabitants  in  their  respeetive  localities.  On  the 
southwest  >ide  of  Shaver's  Creek,  near  its  month,  was 
AnikrKon'.^,  wdiile  farther  up  the  ereek  Alexander  -Me- 
Conniek's  house  was  used  for  the  same  purpose.  .1/e- 
Alcvi/^,  a  -hort  di-tanee  east  of  the  village  of  .Me- 
Alevy's  Fort,  wa-  the  refuge  of  the  inhabitants  of 
Standing  Stom.  Valley. 

The  demand  for  lead  in  the  Revolutionary  struggle 
stimulated  seareh  for  that  metal,  and  sutfieient  indiea-  j 
tions  were  f  lUiid  in  Sinking  Valley  to  warrant  mining 
operations  there.  In  the  explorations  made  tracdngs 
ol'  aiieient  workings  were  found,  and  these  were  sup- 
posed to  have  been  the  work  of  the  French,  to  wdiom 
the  Indian-  had  cMjmmunieated  the  information  that 
lead  exi-led  in  the  valley.  .John  Armstnnig,  then  a 
to  Pre-ident  Wharton,  mentions  this  locality,  and  sug- 
gests thai  the  mine  on  the  proprietaries'  tract)  should, 
"at  lea,-t  lor  the  present,  be  seized  by  and  belong  to 
the  State.-  Ceil,  lianiel  lIolM-rdeau.  then  a  meiid)er 
of  Con-re-,  a-ked  and  obtaineil  leave  ol   ab-enee  lor 



about  tbedi-eovery  ol  a  m-w  v.'in 
ises  an  ample  -npply.  fo  protect  his  workmen  a 
stockade  was  bnilt,  which  «a-  i-alled  Fort  ll„l,n;h„u, 
but  by  man>  was  d,-i,unated  Ihe  I.r,„l-Mu,r  Fori. 
During  the  autumn  ol  1:70,  Capt.  Tlioma-  ('luggage 
was  ill  command  of  the  tort  with  a  .-ompany  ol  Kan- 
gors.  In  .March  of  that  vear  the  provim  lal  authorities 
decided   to   rai-e   live  companies  of  Kan-er-,  makin- 

three  hundred  and  eighty  men  in  all,  for  the  defense 
of  the  frontiers,  and  on  April  7th  the  Council  ap- 
pointed Thomas  Cluggage  captain,  and ileans 

first  lieutenant  id"  the  company  to  be  raised  in  Red- 
ford  County.  .\t  the  captain's  suggestion,  Moses 
Donley  was  appointecl  second  lieutenant,  June  ^(jth. 
Octolier  lUth  he  reported  that  his  command  had  been 
reviewed  and  passed  muster;  three  officers  and  forty- 
three  rank  ami  file,  one  of  the  latter  "  killed  or  taken." 

Numerous  parties  of  hostile  Indians  fell  upon  the 
settlers  of  the  valley  from  time  to  time,  murdering 
inhabitants,  carrying  off  captives,  and  burning  dwell- 
ings. The  particulars  in  most  eases  will  be  found 
in  the  history  of  the  townships  wdiere  these  events 
occurred.  The  business  of  the  land  office  is  a  pretty 
good  indication  of  tlie  sense  of  security  felt  by  the 
people  of  the  province  in  these  perilous  times.  From 
Feb.  3,  175-5,  to  the  month  of  June  of  that  year  a 
dozen  or  more  warrants  were  granted  for  land  in 
Huntingdon  and  Blair.  During  the  seven  years  im- 
mediately following  there  does  not  appear  to  have 
been  any  issued.  On  May  31,  1762,  several  warrants 
were  taken  out  for  lands  on  the  Aughwick,  on  the 
Frankstown  Branch,  and  in  other  localities,  and  from 
that  date  business  was  i|uite  active  during  the  balance 
of  that  and  the  first  half  of  the  succeeding  year.  The 
only  entry  for  17il4  appears  to  be  George  Croghan's 
application  for  a  warrant  for  the  Standing  Stone 
tract,  then  held  by  improvement.  The  next  year, 
17G.),  a  dozen  or  more  warrants  were  taken  out,  and 
in  1766  a  much  greater  number.  In  the  latter  year 
the  "application  system"  was  introduced,  and  hun- 
dreds of  persons  availed  themselves  of  the  opportu- 
nities it  afforded  of  obtaining  land  on  advantageous 
terms,  and  from  the  time  at  which  this  plan  was  put 
into  operation,  Aug.  1,  1766,  until  the  close  of  the 
land  office  during  the  war  of  the  Revcilnlion  but  few- 
warrants  were  issued. 

The  Indians  Grow  Troublesome.— In  the  early 

part  .pf  the  summer  of  1777  the  Indians  licgaii  to 
make  incursions  from  the  West  and  commit  murders 
and  pillage  in  Westmoreland  C.mnty,  which  had 
been  set  off  from  Bedford  in  177".,  and  linn  em- 
braced all  of  the  southwestern  part  of  the  province. 
Col.  .lolm  Piper,  lieutenant  of  Bedford  County,  ap- 
prelieiiding  that  the  savage  foe  would  soon  be  em- 
bohlencd  to  invade  the  territory  of  his  military  juris- 
diction, -up]ilied  arms  and  sustenance  lo  the  militia 
called  oiil  for  the  defense  of  the  frontier  as  far  as  it 
wa-  po--ilile  with  the  means  at  command  to  do.  lu 
a  letter  to  the  Council,  Dec.  11),  1777,  he  commends 
.Mr.  llolliday,  of  Frankstown,  for  his  action  in  as- 
,-eudiling  the  people  of  his  vicinity  and  in  procuring 
provi-ion-  lor  the  militia  wdio  went  to  their  ;issistance. 
'fhe  -ii nation  grew  more  alarming,  and  Piper  re- 
].orte.l  1..  President  Wharton,  Jan.  20,  1778,  that  the 
sitnalioii  of  the  frontiers  was  such  that  on  consulta- 
tion with  Col.  Hugh  Davidson,  sub-lieutenant,  it  was 
decideil  that  to  prevent  the  entire  evacuation  of  the 



western  part  of  the  county  it  was  necessary  to  raise 
tliirty  men  for  tlie  defense  of  the  Glades  (now  Som- 
erset County),  forty  for  the  central  division,  including 
the  town  of  Bedford,  thirty  for  Frankstown,  thirty 
for  Sinking  Valley,  and  thirty  to  guard  the  inhabit- 
ants of  Hart's  Log  and  Shaver's  Creek  Valleys,  the 
enlistments  to  be  for  nine  months.  He  remarked  that 
if  the  measures  recommended  be  approved  the  set- 
tlers will  remain,  and  if  rejected  he  had  reason  to 
believe  that  upon  the  first  alarm  from  the  Indians 
a  great  part  of  the  county  would  be  left  desolate. 
The  Council,  Ftlniiary  I'd,  refused  approval  of  his 
action,  as  it  \v:is  uiiwai  runted  by  the  militia  law, 
which  pointed  out  the  method  of  raising  such  a  force 
as  he  deemed  necessary  in  the  emergency. 

The  deprivations  to  which  our  citizens  were  sub- 
jected are  so  fnlly  [lortrayed  in  the  following  docu- 
ment that  it  is  presented  entire  : 

and  anxiety,  anJ  these  are  the  dangers  against  wliich  we  pray  that  in 
your  wisduni  you  w'd  Dtake  tlie  speediest  and  most  effectual  provision. 
Besides,  stiould  tlie  cruelties  of  the  savages  extend  as  far  as  us.  yun 
must  know  that  we  are  uot  capable  of  ourselves  to  make  adequate  re- 
sistance; we  must  flie,  and  leave  those  who  are  now  more  remote  from 
danger  exposed  to  all  that  iuh^  manily  which  we  now  dread  before  the 
danger  readies  us.  Wo  will  cUeeilully  contribute  all  the  assistance  in 
our  power  to  the  present  sufferer-s  ;  but  should  we  ourselves  become  the 

;ood  of  the  people, 

vils  tliat  now  threaten  us. 
;  you  to  awaken  in  you  the 
aie  sensibly  affected  with 

These  petitioners  chiefly  resided  in  the  territory 
now  embraced  in  Dublin  township,  Huntingdon  Co., 
and  Dublin  township,  Fulton  Co.,  and  many  of  their 
descendants  now  live  in  the  same  neighborhood. 

The  Tories  and  their  Expedition  to  Kittanning 
—Murders  by  the  Indians.— The  year  1778  opened 
inauspiciously  for  the  province,  and  especially  for  the 
settlers  in  the  interior.  The  British  were  in  posses- 
sion of  Philadelphia,  the  Indians  were  menacing  the 
settlements  and  Tories  along  the  frontiers,  adding 
terror  to  the  already  alarmed  pioneers  and  their  fami- 
lies. The  number  of  the  residents  in  the  upper  part 
of  the  Juniata  Valley  that  adhered  to  the  mother- 
country  during  the  early  days  of  the  struggle  for  in- 
dependence has  been  greatly  exaggerated,  and  the 
statement  that  the  valley  contained  nearly  as  many 
Tories  as  it  did  patriots'  is  a  great  error,  and  an  un- 
warranted reflection  upon  the  patriotism  of  a  region, 
sparsely  populated  as  it  was,  that  when  New  England 
appealed  for  aid,  furnished  a  company  of  frontier  rifle- 
men to  assist  in  the  defense  of  Boston  in  1775.  On 
the  other  hand,  public  sentiment  in  favor  of  inde- 
pendence was  so  strong  in  the  valley,  that  those  clearly 
guilty  of  treasonable  practices  could  not  dwell  longer 
therein,  while  the  sojourn  of  the  suspected  became 
very  uncomfortable  to  them.  Of  the  small  number 
that  had  the  courage  to  even  secretly  espouse  the 
British  cause,  John  Weston,  who  it  is  supposed  then 
resided  in  Canoe  Valley,  a  mile  fir  two  west  of  Water 
Street,  was  the  chosen  leader,  and  at  his  house  convo- 
cations were  held. 

It  appears  that  a  general  plan  was  formed  to  con- 
centrate a  large  force  of  Indians  and  Tories  at  Kittan- 
ning,  then  cross  the  mountain  by  the  Indian  path, 
and  at  Burgoon's  Gap  divide,  one  party  to  march 
through  the  Cove  and  Conococheague  Valleys,  the 
other  to  follow  the  Juniata  Valley,  and  form  a  junc- 
tion at  Lancaster,  killing  all  the  inhabitants  on  their 
march.  The  Tories  were  to  have  for  their  share  in 
this  general  massacre  all  the  fine  farms  on  the  routes, 
and  the  movable  property  was  to  be  divided  among 
the  Indians.-  A  party  was  organized  and  proceeded 
to  Kittanning  in  April,  1778,  but  by  a  mistake  on  the 
part  of  the  leaders  their  designs  were  providentially 
frustrated.  Gen.  Roberdeau,  in  a  letter  from  Stand- 
ing Stone,  April  23d,  to  the  lieutenant  of  Cumberland 
County,^  apprised  him  of  the  expedition,  and  esti- 
mated the  number  of  men  therein  at  thirty.  He 
stated  that  one  of  them  (Hess)  had  been  taken,  who, 
in  a  confession  extorted,  said  they  expected  to  be 
joined  by  three  hundred  men  from  the  other  side  of 
the  Allegheny.  Roberdeau  mentions  the  prevalence 
of  other  reports  fixing  the  nuiiilicr  ul'  whites  and  sav- 
ages at  a  thousand,  but  in  view  nf  pnivi^iiming  so 
large  a  body,  thinks  the  number  to  be  overestimated. 
Carothers  reported  to  the  Council,  April  24th,  that  he 
hadjust  received  an  express  from  Kishacoquillas  Valley 

Henry  Uoltz,  Isaac  Lefevi 

1  Jones,  p.  250. 

;  Ibid.,  p.  2.1 


Other  Forts.— Almost  at  the  Ije^MiHiin^c  of  iIk' 
EevcjIutioiKiry  stnifrf^le  tlie  settlers  of  tlie  valley  felt 
the  necessity  for  providing  safe  retreats  irnni  invading 
parties  of  Indians,  and  forts  were  from  time  to  lime 
creeted  throughout  the  settlements.  'I'liey  were 
usually  eonstrueted  of  logs,  and  [irovided  with  loop- 
holes to  serve  tlie  double  purpose  of  "<jutlooks"  and 
for  the  use  of  the  rifle  in  ease  of  attacks.  Those 
most  elaborately  built  were  made  of  timliers  set  on 
end  and  iirmly  imbedded  in  the  ground,  ami  were 
called  stockades.     Inside  were  magazines  ini-  i!i,-  >are 

,f    sold 


those  seeking  protection, 
ve  llullid;i>-lmrg,  near  where  McCa- 
lian'~  mill  .-laod^.  llnlli,l,iif.-:,  about  a  mile  below 
that  town,  ua-  IVIrr  Tiui.V  log  barn  transf<,rme<l 
into  a  mililarv  .lefri,^,'.  L„,r,;/s  wa<  built  in  Canoe 
valley,  three  miles  .southwol  of  Water  Slrert.  where 
the  German  Reformed  ('liiireh  now  >tand>.  This 
being  small,  the  house  of  .Matthew  Dean,  larther  up 
tbe  valley,  was  used  temporarily.  The  people  of  , 
Sinking  \'alley  were  accommodated  by  a  fort  built 
near  the  loidence  of  Jacob  Roller.  Hnrhr,c!:s,  in 
Woodcock  Valley,  near  Markle.sburg,  an.l  I.ijile'.",  in 
Hart's  Log,  three  miles  south  of  Alexandria,  served 
the  iidiabitants  in  their  respective  localities.  {_)n  the 
southwest  side  of  Shaver's  Creek,  near  its  mouth,  was 
AiuU-rsoii's,  while  farther  up  tlie  creek  Alexander  3Ic- 
Cormick's  house  was  used  for  the  same  purpose.  Mr- 
A/cnfs,  a  short  distance  ea>t  of  the  village  of  .Mc- 
Alevy-s  iM.rt,  wa~  the  refuge  of  the  inhabitants  ,.f 
Standing  Slone  \-aUey. 

The  demand  for  lead  in  the  Revolutionary  struggle 
stimulated  search  for  that  metal,  and  suliicieiit  indica- 
tions were  I'ouiul  in  Sinking  Valley  to  warrant  mining 
operations  there.  In  the  explorations  made  tracings 
of  ancient  workings  were  found,  and  these  were  sup- 
posed to  lia\c  been  the  work  of  the  French,  to  whom 
the  Indian-  had  eommuuicated  tiie  infonnation  that 
lead  e.xi-tid  in  the  valley.  .John  Armstrong,  then  a 
major-general,  in  a  letter  from  Yorktown,  Feb.  2;i,  177>i, 

gests  that  the  mine  i  on  the  proprietario'  tract  >  -liould, 

the  State."  Gen.  lianiel  Kohenleau,  then  a  jneiuber 
of  Congress,  asked  and  obtained  leave  ol  ali.-eiice  lor 
the  purjiose  <if  ..'.linu'  to  the  \:illey  ami  eoiidneling 
mining  operation^,  and  on  the  ];il,  of  .\pr)l  was  at 
Carlisle  on  li.e  load  tnillier.  On  tli.^  S.'A  of  that 
month  h.'  wa.  at  Slan.ling  and  on  the  l^Tth 
writes   from    ■■  Smkin- >|.nn-  Willev-  .■neoui:i-ini;lv 

sloeka.le  wa>  bnill 

,  whi. 

ch  wa>  ( 

■ailed  /;, 

,■/   I!ni. 


but    by    many    w.a 

s    de> 


the    /.n, 


■■    Furt. 

During  the  aulum 

n   ol 

177'.',  r:i 

ipl.  Thon 

lias  Cf 


was  in  commaml  . 

,1    the 

h  a  eomi 

MOV   o 

1    K.m- 

gers.    In  .March  of 


vear the 



dc'cided   t.i   rai>c  1 

ive   CI 

>  ol   Kan 

gcr>,  1 


three  hundred  and  eighty  men  in  all,  for  the  defense 
of  the  frontiers,  and  on  April  7th  the  Council  ap- 
pointed Thom.ts  Cluggage  captain,  and ."\Ieans 

first  lieutenant  of  the  compau}'  to  be  raised  in  Bed- 
ford County.  At  the  captain's  suggestion,  Moses 
Donley  was  appointed  second  lieutenant,  June  2tjth. 
October  lOtli  he  reported  that  his  eoniniand  had  been 
reviewed  and  passed  muster ;  three  officers  and  forty- 
three  rank  and  file,  one  of  the  latter  "  killed  or  taken." 

Numerous  parties  of  hostile  Indians  fell  upon  the 
settlers  of  the  viilley  from  time  to  time,  murdering 
inhabitants,  carrying  off  captives,  ajid  burning  dwell- 
ings. The  particulars  in  most  cases  ndll  be  found 
in  the  history  of  the  townships  where  these  events 
occurred.  The  business  of  the  land  office  is  a  pretty 
good  indication  of  the  sense  of  security  felt  by  the 
people  of  the  province  in  these  perilous  times.  From 
Feb.  3,  175.5,  to  the  month  of  June  of  that  year  a 
dozen  or  more  warrants  were  granted  for  land  in 
Huntingdon  and  Blair.  During  the  seven  years  im- 
mediately following  there  does  not  appear  to  have 
been  any  issued.  On  May  31,  1762,  several  warrants 
were  taken  out  for  lauds  on  the  Aughwick,  on  the 
Frankstown  Branch,  and  in  other  localities,  and  from 
that  ilate  bu-iness  was  (piite  active  during  the  balance 
of  that  and  the  first  half  of  the  succeeding  year.  Tbe 
only  entry  for  17G4  appears  to  be  George  Crogliau's 
application  for  a  warrant  for  the  Standing  .Stone 
tract,  then  held  by  improvement.  The  next  year, 
17ti'i.  a  dozen  or  more  warrants  were  taken  out,  and 
in  17l'ili  a  much  greater  number.  In  the  latter  year 
the  ■' ajjplication  system"  was  introduced,  and  hun- 
dreds of  ])ersons  availed  themselves  of  the  ojiportu- 
nities  it  afforded  of  obtaining  land  on  advantageous 
terms,  and  from  the  time  at  which  this  plan  was  put 
into  operation,  .^.ug.  1,  17G(5,  until  the  close  of  the 
land  office  during  the  war  of  the  Revolution  but  hw 
warrants  were  i.ssned. 

The  Indians  Grow  Troublesome.— In  the  early 

part  of  the  sniniiier  of  1777  the  Indians  began  to 
make  imairsions  fnnu  the  West  and  cmnniit  murders 
and  pillage  in  Westmoreland  County,  whic-h  had 
been  set  oft'  from  Bedford  in  177:;,  and  then  em- 
braced all  of  the  .southwestern  part  of  the  province. 
I'ol,  .lohu  Piper,  lieutenant  of  Bedford  County,  ap- 
prehending that  the  savage  foe  would  soon  be  em- 
liiililiiii'd  to  invade  the  territory  of  his  military  jnris- 
dieii'in,  supplied  arms  and  sustenance  to  the  militia 
called  oiii  for  the  defense  of  the  frontier  as  far  as  it 
was  pnsHl.le  with  the  means  at  command  to  do.  In 
a  hii.r  to  the  Council,  Dec.  ll»,  1777,  he  commends 
.Mr.  HollMiay,  of  Frankstown,  for  his  action  in  as- 
sembling the  pco[>le  of  his  vicinity  and  in  procuring 
provisi.iiis  for  the  militia  wdio  went  to  their  assistance. 
The  situation  grew  more  alarming,  and  Piper  re- 
l.Mite.l  In  rresident  Wharton,  Jan.  20,  1778,  that  the 
silLiation  ,,f  the  frontiers  was  such  that  on  consulta- 
tion with  Col.  Hugh  Davidson,  sub-lieutenant,  it  was 
de.ided   that  to  prevent   the  entire  evacuation  of  the 



western  part  of  the  county  it  was  necessary  to  raise 
thirty  men  for  the  defense  of  the  Glades  (now  Som- 
erset County),  forty  for  the  central  division,  including 
the  town  of  Bedford,  thirty  for  Frankstown,  thirty 
for  Sinking  Valley,  and  thirty  to  guard  the  inhabit- 
ants of  Hart's  Log  and  Shaver's  Creek  Valleys,  the 
enlistments  to  be  for  nine  months.  He  remarked  that 
if  the  measures  recommended  be  approved  the  set- 
tlers will  remain,  and  if  rejected  he  had  reason  to 
believe  that  upon  the  first  alarm  from  the  Indians 
a  great  part  of  the  county  would  be  left  desolate. 
The  Council,  February  2d,  refused  approval  of  his 
action,  as  it  was  unwarranted  by  the  militia  law, 
which  pointed  out  the  method  of  raising  such  a  force 
as  he  deemed  necessary  in  the  emergency. 

The  deprivations  to  which  our  citizens  were  sub- 
jected are  so  fully  portrayed  in  the  following  docu- 
ment that  it  is  presented  entire : 

"  May  19,  1778. 

"The  Inhaliitants  of  DuMin  Township,  To  the  hon(Uir;ible  .\sseluUly, 

the  Representatives  of  tlie  State  of  PennsyUunia  : 

'*\Ve,  your  humble  Petitionei's,  deeply  inipres-ied  witli  a  sense  of  the 

dauger  to  whicli  we  are  e.xpo.sed  by  tlie  Indians,  beg  leave  in  a  suppliant 

manner  to  liiy  our  case  before  you,  praying  that  in  your  deliberations 

We  slnill  shortly  be  deprived 

their  progress,  it  will  in  many  respects  1 
tage.     We  would  not  pretend  to  dictate 

to  our 


eater  ad 



y  particular 







1    -. 



■Walker,  1'.,Im  i,  1  ii  r  i 
Nelson,  ThoV  rarter, 
Henry  Holtz,  Isaac  Lefev 

These  petitioners  chiefly  resided  in  the  territory 
now  embraced  in  Dublin  township,  Huntingdim  Co., 
and  Dublin  township,  Fulton  Co.,  and  many  of  their 
desconilnnts  now  live  in  the  same  neighborhood. 

The  Tories  and  their  Expedition  to  Kittanning 
—Murders  by  the  Indians.—  The  year  1778  opened 
inauspiciously  for  the  province,  and  especially  for  the 
settlers  in  the  interior.  The  British  were  in  posses- 
sion of  Philadelphia,  the  Indians  were  menacing  the 
settlements  and  Tories  along  the  frontiers,  adding 
terror  to  the  already  alarmed  pioneers  and  their  fami- 
lies. The  number  of  the  residents  in  the  upper  part 
of  the  Juniata  Valley  that  adhered  to  the  mother- 
country  during  the  early  days  of  the  struggle  for  in- 
dependence has  been  greatly  exaggerated,  and  the 
statement  that  the  valley  contained  nearly  as  many 
Tories  as  it  did  patriots'  is  a  great  error,  and  an  un- 
warranted reflection  upon  the  patriotism  of  a  region, 
sparsely  populated  as  it  was,  that  when  New  England 
appealed  for  aid,  furnished  a  company  of  frontier  rifle- 
men to  assist  in  the  defense  of  Boston  in  1775.  On 
the  other  hand,  public  sentiment  in  favor  of  inde- 
pendence was  so  strong  in  the  valley,  that  those  clearly 
guilty  of  treasonable  practices  could  not  dwell  longer 
therein,  while  the  sojourn  of  the  suspected  became 
very  uncomfortable  to  them.  Of  the  small  number 
that  had  the  courage  to  even  secretly  espouse  the 
British  cause,  John  Weston,  who  it  is  supposed  then 
resided  in  Canoe  Valley,  a  mile  or  two  west  of  Water 
Street,  was  the  chosen  leader,  and  at  his  house  convo- 
cations were  held. 

It  appears  that  a  general  plan  was  formed  to  con- 
iciitrate  a  large  force  of  Indians  and  Tories  at  Kittan- 
iiiiig,  then  cross  the  mountain  by  the  Indian  path, 
ami  at  Burgoon's  Gap  divide,  one  party  to  march 
through  the  Cove  and  Conococheague  Valleys,  the 
other  to  follow  the  Juniata  Valley,  and  form  a  junc- 
tion at  Lancaster,  killing  all  the  inhabitants  on  their 
march.  The  Tories  were  to  have  for  their  share  in 
this  general  massacre  all  the  fine  farms  on  the  routes, 
and  the  movable  property  was  to  be  divided  among 
the  Indians.^  A  party  was  organized  and  proceeded 
to  Kittanning  in  April,  1778,  but  by  a  mistake  on  the 
part  of  the  leaders  their  designs  were  providentially 
frustrated.  Gen.  Roberdeau,  in  a  letter  from  Stand- 
ing Stone,  April  23d,  to  the  lieutenant  of  Cumberland 
County,^  apprised  him  of  the  expedition,  and  esti- 
mated the  number  of  men  therein  at  thirty.  He 
stated  that  one  of  them  (Hess)  had  been  taken,  who, 
in  a  confession  extorted,  said  they  expected  to  be 
joined  by  three  hundred  men  from  the  other  side  of 
the  Allegheny.  Roberdeau  mentions  the  prevalence 
of  other  reports  fixing  the  number  of  whites  and  sav- 
ages at  a  thousand,  but  in  view  of  provisioning  so 
large  a  body,  thinks  the  number  to  be  overestimated. 
( 'arothers  reported  to  the  Council,  .\pril  :i4tli,  tiiat  he 
hadjust  received  an  express  from  Kisharoi]uillus  Valley 


!  Ibid.,  p.  251. 



Mi|i|ilv  i.r  ;iniis,  :lim1   liriiii.'iii;i   iiiluniiiil  iorj   tliiil  In  lii>  li-ltrr  oT  thi-  l'>th  of  the  same  month.  Piper 

MrAlrvy  ha'l  (•■>iiir  tlun-  rx|.n>^  hiiii>fll,  u  iiii  -iv.-  a   ~lill    iiiiirr  i;l"()iiiy  account  ol"  the  coiisterna- 

■.•.iiint  that  a  h.i<ly  ..I    'I'Mii.-,  iiiiiiil>triii-   ii<  arly  tioii  uf  the    ]:L-''\>\r,  the   rtyinji  of  great  numbers  to 

■  hmiih-ed   ami   t«  iiily,  hail   driven   a   iiiiiiiher  ol'  |.laee- of  greater  seeiirity,  and  tiie  increasing  dread  of 

litant-  Ironi  "Slandiie/  St^iue    Towii."     This  re-  those  who  remained  of  an  attack  from  the  savages  or 

.'eraled.  and  Col.    Me. \  levy,  who   was    not    n|.on  .V  Iter  Uiehard  Weston's  capture,  he  was  examined, 

the  ground  hini-elf,  wa-  niiMiilornied.     lihliard  We,  .\pril  U7th,  relative  to  tlie  Kittanning  expedition,  and 

ton,  one  of  the  Kiltanni.i-  |.arlv,  was  arrested  on  his  narrat.'d  the  einMimsl.anccs  as  follows: 

return   to  the   vallev,   and   sent,   .\pril   :i7lli.  l.v  ( ien.  That   .loin.  We-ton,"  hi-   hmther.  a-ke,l    him    if  he 

Koherdeau.'     under     -uard     eonini.inded     l.y     J.ieiit.  woul.l    i;o  out    to   hunt.     That   he   had   lieard  at    the 

Means,  to  iIi.'  (  'ai  li-l.-  jail,  to  await  the  orders  ol'  the  Standing  .Stone  that  a  company  of  men  were  going  to 

('(juneil.     < 'aroilar-. '  who  tindeistooil   the  eomlition  join   the  English  and  the  Indians,  and  his  informant 

of  all'airs  at  tlii- eriiieal   time,  slated   the  itdiahitarits  was  lienjamin    Elliot,  in   conversation  with   Francis 

are    very    niueh    disheartened,    not    knowing   at    what  ('luggage.     That  he  refused  to  go  hunting,  and  that 

moment  those  "  villain-"  may  hi  in-  d.iw  ii  the  -;iv.iges  hrother  .(olin  and  w  ife  hoth  came  and  entreated  Iiim 

to  murder  their  families.     Col.  I'ip-r.  who-,,  re-idenee  to  g,,,  and  he  was  prevailed  on.     That  last  Thurs,hiy 

wass.nue  miles  .lisiant  from  (he  path  from  Carlisle  to  was  a  week  he  set  otf  with    hi-   said   hrother,  and  the 

the  eontem|ilaled   inva-ion    until    M.iy   4tli.  when   he  men  whom  they  met  in  the  woods  in  Sinking   Spring 

wrote  to  the  president  a-lollows:'  valley,  viz.,  Samuel   Berrow,   Jacob   Hare,'  Michael 

'SiK, -\u  i.ti.ii  ..I  111.  Hi  .-i,;,hnMn.i-  ii.tin  ,■  (;ui.i  ;is  1  imiipvi.  nito-  ITcre,  Pctcr  Shaver,'*  I'cter  Daly,  Adam  Portmerser," 

K.ti,.T  .n.|...  .i.ia.  1  i,,-h,i|.  II.  I  Liiiiv  ini,  e.„„.M.f  ti.M  <'..niiii,  Peter  Portmer.ser,  and  old  Portmerser,  the  father  of 

'l'^^!Z'^^■ul'Z■''''''^■'•''^^  Adam  and  Peter, McKee,'"  James  Little,"  John 

!,.«.    .,  \uhii   I  1.1    ,  I             i            ,    till  .nil.  uni  III  iiiiin  :ur  (I  Campbell  and  William  t'ampbell,  William  Hamson, 

iiiihi.  I,  iiimiu  :u  :ii  ill.  ,  .-    Ill  :  _.  1  ii  i ,  ni  ii  -  Ih-i  iim  ;n  i-u  n  ii  I  In-  .lame-  Armstrong.'"  Joliu  and  William  Shilling,  and 

!r'l'l'7!"',''''^7!rrriri'l!il'i'mr'!n'i''i  'n"!"M  !'"w  """  """■'■"■  "■'"'"'   "■'""'"  '"'  ''"'"   ""'   '•>-""■'"'"'>■■  luaking 

1,'Jl  ,",'„',  ,','17' '' ''"'  """'"""'"■"   •  """•""  "'"""•   ■  ""•     """■"  in  (I,,!  whole,  with  his  brother  ami    him-elf.  the  num- 

•■Tl,.-v  ,„■„.■  n|,„i,l,  a  l^iilv  III-  Iii.liiin-  ■ ■  ..rut, In-  K  i.tiin  ,i„i...,  ber    of   tbirty-oiie.      That    McKee,   Jacob    Hare,   ami 

"'"'""""''■'■''"-"'"'""■'''' >. 'III.  iii.iim-. -"-i'"i  nii^  -  .111..  iii-i.,ii  Samuel    lierrow,   in    ptirticular,    urged    him,   with    a 

w.i.^  III,.  Hiii.i.i.i.ii.r  iif  till. 'I'..!!.-   iii.i -.  lii.'ii  him  III.  I,.  11,.'.  i;..,t   ni'.i  pi'oiii  i-e  ol'  three    hundred  acres  of  land,  to   piek   the 

i,ni,.i.,lii.ti.|.v-,i,.'ui.iv„i,.  r, i..n.'i.,.o.,':,it..,iin..t.iiii',iii..'i„iViii.|-|.,i,      saiue  wliere  he  plea-ed.  if  he  would  s„  with  the  , i- 

'^^^7'■''777'''H''7''',"'''rn'  """"'■■'"''  "■■■'■•"■i'''-i-' '■  pany  to  the  Kittanning    to  join    lour  or  live  hnmlred 

■  birt  or 

atteniiited  to  (.se-ipe 

1  all  othe 
or  elmle  1 

rs  of 

lat  if  Ik 

V  he 

iiigor  1 

.aui-hed   to  the  I'.av  i 

if  Homh 


ish  prev 

ailed  over  this  count 

rv.     Tha 

t  he 

the  con 

npanv  over  Alleghen 

,v   .Mount 


ir  iirogr 

ess  they  were  met  hv 



of    IIll 

ntiligdon,  , 




tlie  nnravi 


ce  ii 

1    Hunt 

;ing,im,  wa 

S    III 

l.i,  r 

r.S.'i.  lie 

sold  his  |. 



igtiill  (.■ 

i.unty,  Jlil. 


that  one  of  them  shot  his  brother,  and  another  of  j 
them  scalped  him.  That  after  his  brother  was  shot, 
J\[eKee  pulled  a  letter  out  of  his  pocket  which  he 
had  got  from  an  English  officer  in  Carlisle  gaol,  and 
with  this  letter  displayed  a  handkerchief,  crying 
peace,  peace,  lirothers,  but  that  the  savages  ran  off 
without  uiviiiu-  attention.  That  he  immediately  re- 
tuniiMl,  with  MclCee,  Jacob  and  Michael  Hare,  Little, 
Adam  rorlmrrscr.  Peter  Portmerser,  William  and 
.Tohn  Sliiliiiii:,  I'cter  Shaver,  William  Hamson,  and 
one  or  twn  nmie  whose  names  he  does  not  know. 
Tliat  he  parted  with  some  of  them  at  the  foot  of  Al- 
legheny, and  with  some  others  in  Sinking  Valley,  all 
of  wlicim  declared  they  would  never  return  home  or 
surrender  themselves,  but  go  to  Baltimore,  and  wait 
the  arrival  of  the  English  fleet.  That  he  came  and'rcd  himself  to  Capt.  John  McDonald,  at  Ed- 
ward Beaty's.  That  McKee  informed  the  company 
that  he  understood  a  number  of  English  were  to  join 
the  savages,  and  about  the  10th  of  next  month  to 
come  down  upon  this  State.  That  he  was  informed 
by  iiis  brother,  John  Weston,  that  John  Hess  was  to 
meet  and  join  the  company.  That  he  heard  Zebe- 
diah  Rickets,  n(iw  a  prisoner,  say  tliat  if  ho  knew 
how  to  leave  his  family  he  wouhl  go  away,  to  avoid 
taking  tlie  oatli  prescribed  by  the  State." 

Col.  Armstrong,  June  23d,  reports  that  a  woman 
atid  two  children  were  missing  and  one  man  wounded 
at  the  head  of  Kishacoquillas  Valley.  This  woman 
was  the  wife  of  Rev.  David  Eaton,  who  then  lived  on 
the  farm  lying  immediately  west  of  the  gap  in  Stand- 
ing Stone  Mountain,  Brady  township,  and  now  con- 
stituting a  part  of  what  was  commonly  called  the 
"Milliken  mill  property."  Mr.  Eaton  had  settled 
there  in  1775-  or  earlier.  The  wife  and  two  children 
were  carried  off  by  the  savages,  and  all  efforts  on  the 
l)art  of  the  husband  and  father,  assisted  by  many  of 
his  neighbors,  were  unavailing.  Skeletons  were  after- 
wards found  near  a  path  in  the  Warrior's  Mark  settle- 
ment wdiich  were  by  some  supposed  to  be  those  of  the 
captives.  A  son,  Joseph,  escaped,  and  afterwards  be- 
came a  man  of  some  prominence  as  a  surveyor  and 
military  officer.  He  removed  to  Ohio  about  180o. 
His  son  George  W.,  adopting  the  calling  of  the  grand- 
father, afterwards  became  connected  as  professor  with 
colk'ges  in  Kentucky  and  Hamilton,  N.  Y.,  and  died 
in  the  latter  place  Aug.  3,  1872. 

The  wounded  man  mentioned  by  Armstrong  was  a 
young  Slagle,  who,  according  to  one  tradition,  was 
passing  through  the  gap  from  his  home  to  Pridmore's 
null  with  a  bag  of  grain.  He  was  shot  by  some  one 
in  ambush,  and  instead  of  returning  home  proceeded 
to  Fort  Standing  Stone  to  have  his  wounds  dressed. 

for  the  land  Feb.  3, 1775.  In  June 
t  of  William  Maclay,  deputy  surveyo 
'  and  made  a  survey  of  tlie  land.  Oi 
)  go  to  Canada  in  searcli  for  liis  cliili 

There  was  no  surgeon  at  that  place,  and  despairing  of 
rendering  him  the  necessary  aid,  some  friends  set  out 
with  him  in  a  canoe  to  go  down  the  river  to  Middle- 
town,  the  nearest  point  where  he  could  be  properly 
cared  for,  but  he  died  before  reaching  his  destination. 
He  declared  that  he  was  shot  by  Jacob  Hare. 

Artnstrong,  always  practical,  insisted  that  the  grain 
then  growing  upon  the  frontier  farms  was  of  such  im- 
portance for  the  support  of  the  people  that  it  must  be 
harvested,  and,  for  the  present,  the  idea  of  invading 
the  Indian  country  must  be  postponed  to  enable  the 
harvest  to  be  cut,  and  to  that  end  suggested  that  the 
work  in  the  fields  must  be  conducted  by  associated 
bodies  of  men,  with  guards  to  cover  them  and  patrols 
to  pass  from  settlement  to  settlement.  He  also  recom- 
mended to  Congress'  a  simultaneous  advance,  at  the 
proper  time,  of  not  less  than  three  bodies  of  men  from 
widely  separated  points  into  the  Indian  country  in 
the  valley  of  the  Allegheny,  as  the  most  efficient  means 
of  routing  the  invaders  of  the  settlements  of  the 
province.  The  authorities  endeavored  to  carry  out 
the  suggestions  for  the  protection  of  the  frontiersmen 
engaged  in  gathering  the  crops,  and  to  that  end  Col. 
Carothers  sent  to  Standing  Stone  Valley  such  men  as 
could  be  spared  for  that  purpose.*  In  a  consultation 
between  the  Council  and  the  board  of  war  arrange- 
ments were  made  for  frontier  defense,  and  it  was  agreed 
that  Col.  Brodhead's  regiment,  then  (July  14th)  on 
the  march  for  Pittsburgh,  should  be  ordered  to  the 
Standing  Stone.  In  additiflu  to  these  Continental 
troops,  three  hundred  militia  from  Cumberland  County 
and  two  hundred  from  York  County  were  to  be  ordered 
to  the  same  place.  Brodhead's  regiment,  or  the  part 
of  it  ordered  to  Standing  Stone,  was  estimated  at  three 
hundred  men;  these,  with  the  militia,  would  make  a 
force  of  eight  hundred."  Other  bodies,  numbering 
ten  hundred  and  fifty  and  five  hundred  and  seventy, 
were  ordered  respectively  to  Su!d)ury  and  Easton. 
Brodhead  received  orders  to  p:i-;s  ovtr  to  the  iipiier 
branches  of  the  Susquehaniiii,  and  if  he  reachcil 
Standing  Stone  at  all,  did  not  halt  long  there.  The 
presence  of  his  command  exercised  a  salutary  effect, 
as  great  number  of  the  terrified  inhabitants  on  the 
West  Branch  and  Penn's  Valley  returned  and  saved 
most  of  the  growing  crops.  Col.  Carothers  reported 
August  13th''  that  great  difficulty  was  experienced  in 
procuring  arms  for  the  militia  of  Cumberland  County 
ordered  to  Standing  Stone ;  that  some  of  them  had 
gone,  and  others  were  ready  to  go,  but  were  delayed 
from  want  of  camp-kettles,  haversacks,  and  canteens. 
Dr.  William  Shippen,  director-general,  was  informed 
by  the  Council  that  beside  the  militia  at  Sunbury 
tliere  were  two  other  commands  in  the  Continental 
service  that  would  require  a  supply  of  medicine;  one, 
consisting  of  five  hundred  men,  at  .Standing  Stone,  on 
the  Juniata,  in  Bedford  County,  and  the  other  of  four 

humlml  and  fifty  men  :a  or  i 

i.-ar  i:  iM.,n 

iii.striictod  to  pay  aUfiitinn  !■ 

,  til,-,-  tw,,  1 

same  time  tliat  tlie  <ine  at  Sii 

nbury  \va~  - 

Diii-iM<;  the  latter  part  (jf  17 

7S  and  the  v 

of  177II  tliere  were  frei|Ueiit 

rumors  of  I 

sioMs    east  of    the   AlleL'heM^ 

,•   .M,)iintain 

nmnler.s   comiiiittiMl.       In    th 

e    latter    pa 

Breekenridfreaiid  hisihuiL'liie 

r  were  killed 

by  the  Indians  on  their  phml 

latinn  three 

west  of   MeConnellstown,  in 

IVnn   t.e.v, 

event  stniek  terror  amoni.'  tl 

K-  re-id.-nt- 

cent  valh'vs,  and  as  a  re-ult 

the  Frank. 

In    ."\I;iv,  17.S0,  r„\.  .M^'Alei 

,y  att,Mide,l 


e  was  Kreamer  as  many  volunteers  to  serve  seven  months 

II  the  as  would  fill  their  companies. 

!.'  Lieut.  Ashman,  June  ath,  wrote  Col.  Arthur   I!u- 

iinlhs  ehanan,  at  Kishacoquillas,  lie  had  learned  by  e.\i> 

neiu-  tliat  on  the  morning  of  that  day,  as  a  party  of  volun- 

s,.iiie  Wirt'  L'oing  from  Bedford  to  Frank.stown,  a  band  of 

Inn,'.  In, Hans  fell  ujjon  and  killed  thirty  ;  seven  only  of  the 

alpe,l  parly  escaped  and  made  their  way  to  the  garrison  at 

until-  Krankstown.     He  urges  Buchanan  to  exert  himself 

Ihis  in  getting  men  to  go  to  Standing  Stone,  and  to  let  the 

ailja-  residents  along  the  river  know  of  the  movement  so 

eitle-  they  can  join  with  his  men  on  the  march.    The  latter 
reported  on  the  5th  that  the  day  before  Col.  Brown 

uncil  had  marched  a  party  to  Standing  Stone,  and  Capt. 

in  per^.in  an,l  presented  a  petition  i,!'  liis  Means  led   another  to  reinforce   the   post   in  Penn's 

asking  that  military  relief  shouhl  I.,-  s,iit  t,.  Stundin-  Valley. 

Stone  ValK'y.    On  the  :iOth  of  the  siiiu'  in,,ntli.  MaJ.  Various  traditions  have  heen  current  relative  to  this 

llohert  (.'luggage,  in  writing  to  Col.  Piper  from  Hunt-  sortie,  differing  so  much  in  details  that  it  is  preferred 

iiigdon,  reports  that  lurking  bands  of  Indians  had  to  give  the  account  oHicially  transmitted  by  Lieut, 

been  at  one  of  the  gaps  of  the  Allegheny,  and  that  Ashman  to  the  [iresident  of  the  Supreme  E.xecutive 

William  rhillips  on' the  preceding  Friday  ha,l  seen  Council.      Ashman    lived    .some    distance    from    the 

tw,,  ln,liari>  n.-ar  the  Three  Springs,  and  wa-  ,l,terre,l  s,ene,  un,l  may  not  have  heen  fully  informe.l  as  to  all 

fi-,im    firing   on   them   by   having  a  chihl   with   him,  that  occnrreil.     He  wr,,te, — 
wliiih    he   was   apprehensive   might    fall    int,i    their 

,       ..,,,''  -.v        ,  ,  "  Bedf,)rd  CoiVTT.  June  V.M7S1. 

hands    ,1     li,-    h'd     an     encounter.       He,    however.    ,•,,!-  -Sii;,-!  have  tc  inform  you  tlmt  on  Sunday,  th.  Il,ir,l  „rU,is  instant, 

lcrte,l    s,,nie    of    the    residents    of    the    vieinitv    and  :,  |,.,ily  ,,f  R,iij;,ts  under  Caiitnin  RoyJ.  cIkIiI  in  n„nil,ei-,witli  twcnty- 

traecl  them  towards  Pridmore's  mill,^  hut  linally  lo.t  "';■  ^' ■■'""<■-«'  ""J-"'  '"(•t.  Mo„r,.  an,i„t.  s,„iil,.  of  ti,o  miliiia  of 

their  track   and  ahandoneil   pursuit.     He   expressed  l!^,'!!,,!^^'!^^' MVii,,^"'i,m."'lf  Fn,!!k<t  J^''^^ 

men  as  a  guard  for  Huntingdon,  urge, 1  that  the  po>t  s,,,,,,.  „f  the  pa, 

in  Sinking  Valley  should  be  defen,l,',l  on  a,'<-,imit  ,,!'  "^  "''l-'"'"''  ''■', 

,  he  resumed  the     i, ait, 'nan, -v       >  >  ioii„i  ■ ,~  iii.,t  in- ^.,,,1-,,  «,)ui,i  1,8 

•  I,.,,,..  i„„„,.di,,l,|v;  h„t,I.,-fo,,-   I  i-ould   colle 

November  1^  St  th,"   va,-aiu-T      ,, ,.,.„,,,-. ,.. ,•,,, 

who    then    resi,le,l    ,,i,    th,-  ■'  f h 
Clay  l.,wnsliip. 

■flu-   (h-n.a-al    A-.-mhlv,  spur 
I„,rlnnili,-    fnnii    local    ,.ih,-.-rs 

each  ,,f  il 

!,•  ,-oimI 

1,-  of  N.iri 


land.  We 

lainl,  N,,r 


11,  ami    I'.v 

lionl.      i 

■■or   Ihe    1 


the  Clin 

i.-il,  ['.■li.  1 

",  17'^1, 


Boyd    ca. 

ilaiii,    ai 

1,1     Kirhar, 

1'  .l,,l,n,. 

-1,111     lien 

]\Iar,-h  1  11 
deleriM'  ,,l 

h  the  r. 
llie   Ini 



be    rai.,,1 

.    onh-r,', 

1    til,'     li,'i 

It, .nam 

,if    Ciiml 

County    I. 

■1    call    ,j 

ut    tw,i    hi 

militia,    0 

thereof  t,i 
Be.  1  to  1,1  ( 
laii'l   t,i  II, 

i  he  imii 

1,1   tli,',',lh. 

,ar,'li,'.l  1 
'r   hall'  1 

:o  llie  il.'l 

ties    shall 


(In    til,' 

.■;i.-t  tiu 


directcl   1 


an,|    l;,',Uo 



•rly  p,,Iii'y  ,if  Washington  in  the  autumu 
re-iihing  in  the  surrender  of  Lord  Corn- 
at  "liirkt.iwn,  i)et,iher  19th,  revived  the 



and  as  the  joyful  intelligence  was  carried  from  settle- 
ment to  settlement  the  hold  frontiersmen  were  stimu- 
lated to  hope  that  the  day  would  soon  arrive  when 
the  bloody  scalping-knife  would  be  returned  to  its 
sheath  never  more  to  be  removed,  and  that  along  the 
fertile  valleys  of  the  Juniata  the  husbandman  would  ; 
be  permitted  to  pursue  his  toil  in  peace.  To  guard 
the  r.ritish  soldiers  surrendered  at  York-town  levies 
were  made  upon  the  organized  militia  of  the  neigh- 
boring States,  and  the  Council,  November  20th,  or-  | 
dered  Capt.  Boyd's  company  of  Kangers  to  march  to 
that  place  and  act  as  guards  over  the  prisoners,  with 
instriictidiis  to  remain  there  until  February  25th  fol- 
lowing, and  then  return.  The  Council,  Feb.  23,  1782, 
ordered  Lieut.  Ricliard  Johnston,  then  at  Yorktown, 
to  march  witli  his  command  forthwith  to  Bedford,  and 
there  put  himself  under  the  command  of  the  lieuten- 
ant of  the  county  for  frontier  defense.  During  the 
balance  of  the  year  there  were  frequent  alarms  of  In- 
dian incursions,  some  well  founded  and  others  imag- 
inative, but  the  military  force  was  maintained  in 
garrisoning  the  forts  and  by  scouting  parties.  The 
number  of  men  thus  employed  was  sometime.s  so 
great  as  to  subject  the  authorities  to  much  inconven- 
ience in  keeping  up  a  supply  of  provisions.  On 
September  20th,  Lieut.  Johnston  was  ordered  to  [ 
march  from  Il.Mllnrd  County  and  put  himself  under 
tlie  ciMiniiaiiil  of  Maj.-Gen.  Irvine,  to  take  part  in  a 
contrinphitiil  expedition  into  the  Indian  country. 
Washington  disapproved  of  the  movement,  the  plan 
was  abandoned,  and  on  the  28th,  Lieut.  Johnston's 
orders  were  countermanded.  By  a  return  made  in 
November  this  company  consisted  of  one  captain  (then 
a  ]irisouer),  one  lieutenant,  one  ensign,  two  sergeants, 
two  corporals,  and  forty-five  privates. 

Capt.  Boyd,  missing  after  the  affray  of  June  3, 1781, 
and  suppo.sed  to  have  been  taken  prisoner  by  the  In- 
dians, on  Jan.  4, 1783,  asked  and  obtained  an  order  on 
the  provincial  treasurer  for  thirty  pounds  (specie)  on 
account  of  his  pay,  and  two  days  later,  on  his  repre- 
sentation, an  order  was  granted  in  favor  of  Henry 
Dugan,  one  of  his  sergeants,  for  six  pounds,  who  had 
just  "  returned  from  captivity  among  the  savages." 
By  the  month  of  June  the  safety  of  the  inhabitants 
of  the  frontiers,  that  had  for  twenty-eight  years  been 
frequently  menaced,  was  now  so  well  assured  that  the 
Council  on  the  Gth  ordered  that  the  Bedford,  West- 
moreland, and  Washington  ranging  companies  should 
be  immediately  discharged  from  the  service  of  the 

Another  Account  of  the  Tory  Expedition  to  Kit- 
tanning. — When  the  news  of  this  intendeil  foray  broke 
upon  the  residents  of  the  valley,  the  narrative  received 
high  coloring  from  the  affrighted  people,  and  it  is  dif- 
ficult at  this  day,  after  the  lapse  of  a  century,  to  ar- 
rive at  the  precise  facts.  The  statement  of  Richard 
Weston,  one  of  the  participants,  given  above,  should 
have  been  full  and  correct,  but  possibly  through  fear 
or  from  a  desire  to  sliieUl  himself  or  companiojis  he 

may  have  withheld  some  important  circumstances 
and  become  oblivious  of  names.  From  a  manuscript 
entitled  "An  Account  of  some  of  the  first  settlers  of 
the  Juniata  in  Huntingdon  County,  collected  from  the 
first  settlers  themselves,  by  Samuel  Caldwell,'"  the  fol- 
lowing statement  of  the  expedition  was  compiled. 

During  the  time  Gen.  Howe,  the  British  com- 
mander, occupied  Philadelphia  an  association  was 
formed  by  the  Tories  in  this  region.  They  thought 
the  British  were  about  to  reduce  the  country  to  sub- 
jection, and  supposed  that  by  assisting  the  Indians 
to  massacre  the  settlers  on  the  Juniata  they  would 
be  entitled  to  share  the  spoils  and  apportion  the 
principal  farms  among  themselves.  The  conspiracy 
extended  from  Path,  through  Amberson's  and  Tusca- 
rora  Valleys,  and  up  the  Juniata  into  Sinking  Valley. 
The  chief  men  were  McGee,-  of  Amberson's  Valley, 
Capt.  John  Weston,  and  Lieut.  Jacob  Hare. 

McGee  brought  their  men  up  the  river  into  Sinking 
Valley.  The  place  of  rendezvous  was  on  Brush 
Mountain,  near  LTnion  Furnace,  where  the  men  ar- 
rived in  small  parties,  generally  traveling  by  night. 
Weston  furnished  provisions.  After  the  company 
was  organized,  the  force  started  to  meet  the  expected 
Indian  allies  at  Kittanning.  Halting  a  short  dis- 
tance from  the  town,  the  captain  seated  his  men,  and 
he,  with  Lieut.  Hare,  entered  the  town  with  a  flag, 
and  were  received  in  due  form.  Weston,  who  could 
speak  the  language  of  the  tribes  there  located,  ex- 
plaining the  object  of  the  visit  of  the  white  brethren, 
said  they  had  come  to  meet  them  as  brothers  in  arms, 
and  to  lead  them  against  their  enemies  on  the  Juni- 
ata, until  they  were  all  destroyed.  The  savages  were 
pleased  with  the  prospect  of  so  many  white  allies, 
but,  exercising  that  caution  which  is  so  remarkably 
developed  in  their  character  to  provide  against  pos- 
sible treachery,  they  mounted  a  few  of  their  warriors 
on  horseback  with  cocked  guns,  and  jdaeing  Weston 
and  Hare  in  the  advance,  proceeded  to  mcit  the 
residue  of  the  company  and  escort  thmi  inio  the 
town.  Capt.  McGee  and  the  men  who  rciiiaimd  with 
him,  instead  of  laying  down  their  arms,  as  the  Indian 
notion  of  military  courtesy  would  require  on  such  a 
mission,  rose  up  with  their  guns  in  their  hands  and 
moved  forward  at  a  quick  step.  This  movement 
alarmed  the  Indians,  and  supposing  they  were  be- 
trayed by  spies,  immediately  shot  Weston,  raised  the 
war-whoop,  and  fled  to  the  town.  This  was  a  recep- 
tion not  looked  for,  and  full  of  alarm.  Hare  and  his 
comrades  made  haste  to  reach  the  Juniata. 

Jleantime  information  of  the  expedition  having 
been  organized  and   its  objects  leaked  out  througli 

1  Maj.  CaliUvell  was  a  son  of  Robert  Caldwell,  ami  liis  mother  a  daugh- 
ter or  Matthew  Dean,  who  settled  on  a  farm  now  in  Purler  townsliip. 
His  statement  was  prepared  from  information  conjmnnicated  Ijy  Marga- 
ret Means,  his  aunt,  Israel  Cryder,  his  father-in-law,  Kiehard.son  of 
Robert  Morrow,  who  assisted  at  the  "  cropping"  of  Jacob  Hare,  and 
other  old  citizens,  and  was  committed  to  writing  at  various  dates  from 
1S41  to  ISafi. 


the  w 



Pierce.  ' 
two  mil. 
wrote  III 
Gen.  Hi 


was  sdurHlc'i  IVuiii  house  to  lioLise,  ami  Iroiu  I'ori  to 
tort,  ami  altrr  .listrihuting  a  sutlicient  force  to  irarri- 
•son  the  frontier,  a  large  body  of  seouts  was 
.sent  out  to  traverse  the  country  along  the  eastern 
base  of  the  .\l!eu:lienv  Mountain,  watch  the  gaps,  and 



aped  through  tlieset- 
and  being  unknown, 
cai.tured  and  tal<en 

Hare  fled  to  the  lower  counties.  His  property  was 
confiscated  and  sold  by  the  provincial  government. 
Some  time  after  his  return  from  the  Kittanning  expe- 
dition he  stopped  for  the  night  at  the  bouse  of  Na- 
thaniel Paul,  in  Path  Valley,  Franklin  Co.,  about 
three  miles  from  Concord.  News  soon  spread  that 
Hare  w-as  in  the  valley,  and  the  next  day  a  number 
of  the  neighbors  collected,  some  out  of  curiosity,  and 
others  determined  to  avenge  the  murder  of  relatives 
or  friends  by  the  .savages  or  their  Tory  allies.  Among 
the  number  that  had  assembled  were  Richard  and 
Thomas  Morrow,  William  McMuUen,  William  Kelly, 
Kdward  Kelly,  Thomas  Askey,  James  Lathers,  Mat- 
thew ( )riiisliy.  William  Darlington,  and  a  man  named 
•■Shoemaker.  X'arious  methods  of  punishment  were 
pniposeil.  The  >evc-rity  i.f  some  of  them  indicated 
the  hitter  tilling  tliat  then  prevailed  against  any  one 
clearly  in  the  Tiiry  interest.  More  humane  counsels 
'prevaih-.l,  and  it  was  decided  that  he  >li.uild  be 
•■  cropped."  .V  ca-e-knife  was  "hacked"  alon-  the 
blade  to  resemble  a  saw,  and  with  tlii-  instrnment 
Darlington  executed  the  sentence  liy  rawing  nil'  both 
of  Hare's  oars  close  to  his  head.  He  wa-  then  set  at 
liberty,  and  left  the  .Tuniata  N'alley,  never  to  return. 

vears  thereafter  in  Ohio  or  Kentucky. 

Nrael  Cryder  named  ('apt.  .John  Weston,  .Jr., 
i:ichar<l  Weston,  ("apt.  Mc(;ee,  of  Path  Valley,  Peter 
<liaver.  who  lived  at  the  mouth  of  Shaver's  Creek, 
three  men  of  the  name  of  Potmesser  (  llardnic'ssi, 
father  and  two  sons,  who  lived  at  Huntingdon.  .lames 
Bridges,  who  farmed  the  Michael  Cryder  land  near 
that  place,  as  some  of  the  Kittanning  party,  which  he 
thonglil  ninni.ered  about  thirty.  lie  -tated  that 
Peter   Deuitt  and  Thomas  VauL'hn  were  anioni;-  the 



laid  bef.ire  the  Council  An-ust  ISth,  it  was  decided 
that  in  view  of  the  situatimi  of  the  county  and  the 
ilanger  there  might  lie  of  the  rescue  of  the  traitors,  a 
-p.-edy  (rial  of  the  ollenders  was  highly  necessary. 
Accordingly.  .Tcdin  Armstrong,  of  Cumlierland,  Bar- 
nniil  liouglierty  and  James  Martin,  of  Bedford,  Ar- 
ihil.ald  Met 'lean,  of  York,  and  John  Hubly,  of  Lan- 
caster (  oiinty.  were  ai)|>ointed,  and  on  the  24th  com- 
mis-iont  d  to  ■■  inquire,  on  the  oath  of  good  and  lawful 
men  ol  tlie  said  county  of  Bedford,  of  and  concerning 
the  s.iiii  ollenses.and  to  determine  the  same  according 
to  law."  September  29th  was  the  day  named  for 
the  commission  to  meet,  but  it  appears  from  letters  of 
Mr.  Doicjher'y  dated  April  (ith,  and  one  from  Mr. 
>b('lean  in  Scptendier.  1779.  that  their  duties  had 
not  been  liiUy  cxei  uted.  'l"he  names  of  the  persons 
trieil  or  the  result  of  the  trials  is  not  known. 


CHAPTER    VI  [I.— Indian  Tilths— Public  RoiiOs— Tlio  Uiver— Turul.ikf  Eoiids 
—Canal— Railroiiils. 

Indian  Trails  — When  tlie  Indian  trader  first  pene- 
tiitel  tliL  \m1  N  )t  tht  \  ille\  of  the  Juniata,  the  only 
hij;liu  i\  tl  iltii\u  1th  irea  now  embraced  within 
tlR  uiiti  I  Huntin  1  ii  ind  Blair,  were  the  trails 
01  I  itl  II  1  1\  tliL  il  iioines.  They  were  mere 
'  hull    I  III  iih  wide  enough   to  admit  the  yas- 

si^L     111     I       II  1  it-i  ridti    and  crossed  the  counties 

general  nortliwesteih  In  I  .n,  und  the  ."iiili.-st  writ- 
iLii  iCLOunt  ot  this  is  I  nil  1  111  tlic  iiiunial  ol  Cuiirad 
^\cl^er  sent  by  the  coloni  il  government  in  174.S  t,o 
treit  with  the  Indians  on  the  Ohio,  as  follows: 

\         ml       Sot       tf    1 1  my  house  anil  came  lo  James  Galbreath 
I  loghan  s  15  Miles. 

Men  coming  back  Sick,  A- 

1  the  afternoon  ; 

He  continues  to  descnbe  subsequent  incidents  of 
hi-.  ]  uint\  t )  I  )j;stown  and  other  points,  conferences 
«  ith  till.  lull  Ills  md  delivery  of  the  presents  to  them, 
his  tuiniiij:  h   mew  aid  on  the  19th  of  September.* 

\.t  the  Black  Log  another  fork  passed  by  the  Three 
'^piings,  thiou^h  Sideling  Hill  Gap,  by  Raystown, 
etc.,  to  Log.stown.  Hugh  Crawford*  and  Andrew 
Montour,  April  16,  1752,  Indian  traders,  and  doubt- 
less familiar  with  every  path  in  tliis  region,  reported 
to  the  provincial  authorities"  the  distance  from  Phila- 
delphia to  "  Twightwees,"  on  a  branch  of  Ohio,  via 
George  Croghan's,  "  Aucliquick,"  Frankstown,  Clear 
Fields,  etc.  John  Harris,  in  his  account  of  the  road 
to  Logstown,  taken  in  17.i4,  gives  the  following  in- 
teresting data  : 

Then  follow  other  distances  and  points  of  note  to 
Logstown, — 


Logs  Town  bi.v-^  '""■  \''  '-I  !!■ I   Ihinis's  Ferry. 

"Note.— John  ll.ini-  I. Miif  he  verily  believed  that  Logs  Town 

within  acco'  mentions,  the'  ruud  he  went  having  so  many  gi-eat  Crooks." 
"Joseph  SlUPrEX, Jr." 

In  December,  1758,  Governor  Hamilton  sent  James 
Patten  to  deliver  a  message  to  the  cliiefs  of  the  Six 
Nations  at  Ohio,  and  among  other  instructions  he  was 
directed  to  take  a  particular  account  of  the  road  from 
Carlisle.  The  concern  of  the  provincial  government 
was  to  ascertain  if  the  Forks  of  the  Oliio  were  within 
the  limits  of  the  province,  the  boundary  lines  of  which 
had  not  been  fully  ascertained.  Patten  was  to  call  at 
Mr.  George  Croghan's,  at  "  Aucquick,"  and  consult 
with  him.  After  his  return  he  and  Andrew  Montour 
constructed  and  presented  to  the  Council,  Mtirch  2, 
1754,  a  map  containing  "  a  just  Description  of  the 
Road,  as  well  by  Computation  as  by  the  Compass," 
which  they  believed  "to  be  as  near  the  Truth  as  it 
could  be  known  without  actual  Mensuration."  The 
following  tables  were  taken  from  the  map  : 

The  Computed  DMuiee  nf  the  Itoad  lirj  the  hiiUm  Traders  from  Carlisle  to 
.S/miionpm's  Toicn. 

Trom  Carlisle. 
Mi  es. 

From  Carlisle  to  Major  Montour's 10 

From  Montour's  to  Jacob  I'yalt's 25 

From  I'yatt's  to  George  Croghan's,  at  Auniuick  Obi  Town...  lo 

'  g.ip  east  of  Orbisoniu. 

ubsequenlly  bee 
ihives,  ii.  p.  133. 


w  Beilfo 


11  A  lira 

lb  of  Conemangl 

'  Standing 

i:  After^ 
.3  Gap  in 

ai  .1  known  as  Fo 
Jack's  Mountain 


IS  Frank 

Blown,  Blair  Co. 

18                          IIISTOKV    OF    HUNTINGDON  COUNTY,  I'KNNSYLYANIA. 

>>"i"'|  -!iM     i    1  '  Mi     -:  I    -    ,. i;_i  Theri- wiTc  :i  number  of  other  paths  of  minor  im- 

Im.,1,,  M  ,    ;  _  li         I      ■   .  II ,  I   li I   .'.'.'!'.'.'.;.!.''.'..'. s  |)iirt:ini-e.      One   extended  from  Frankstown   to  the 

k!'";;;!:..     m"                           '  '','nMi"'"::::::'::::::::::  v>  BaUl    Ua-le's  Nest,  near  Mllesburg-,  centre  Co.     A 

j;;:;;!;;'';  '            ,,,',:;  .1       ■-      '    '"i                 l;  brancli  ran  from  thi.s  through  Warrior's  Mark,  Frank- 

iV'.ii.  1;,      I                ^                             Tm  MTiir,    N  ''"'  "'"'   -^^"'■■"'^  '"  '''"^  main  road  at  Water  Street, 

Fr..iii  a:  _      •  M  1;  :,;,      I    I,  ,    ,  .  -       i  >■  and  will  Ijo  noted  in   the  description  of  tlinse  town- 

Knilll  r"i'.';!M";iVMMV't'"'i/;,i  ki.lilr'iinVns.^!.!.^^^                        -"i  -^liip-.      .\nuther     from     Raystown    to    Frankstown, 

r'ru"  fX^a'u'lm!u\'\'''-^h^^^^^^^^^                M  '""'  '"""  •'^'■""'''V?  StoDe  to  Eaystown,  one  from  the 

Miniith   ot   iiuystown  Branch  to  Raystown,  one  from 

■ne  o>«r«,  „/  (/,.  l!o„.i  from  c.,rti>U  to  ,s/„n,o,,;,m'«  Ton;,  !•;/  o„«;m,<,..  Standing  Stoiie  to  the  Bahl  Eagle's  Nest.  etc. 

N.ioW.smilM  to  Major  Montour's.  Fllst    Public    Roads.— At  the  January  sessions, 

w.s.u  .  ■ji)  mills  to. liuoii  I'.viitt'.*.   ^                           ^  1772,  of  tlie  Bedford  court,  on  the  petition  of  .''^aniuel 

'^.' :^|  ^^.■.''".|"f^ ,'' ,'i'"'^i'i^'^.^^''.^'j,^^^^^^^^^        ■    "'   '"  "     "  Anderson'  and  others,  inhabitants  of  the  township 

s.  7n  \v, :,  iniii-3 1,.  .\iic.iiiirk  li.q:  of  "  Barree,"  setting  forth  the  neces.sity  of  a  road  lead- 

s.  70  «.  .-,1..  inii.s  to  ('.,ni/,v  iliuiioiir.  \„„  Cpini  the  StttndingStoneor  Hart's  Log  by  Boquet's 

^^"001' "1    I'-.v^'i'  '"i'^'  "' "''  SpiiiiL'   at  M.('onnellstown)  and  up  Woodcock  Valley 

>-.  .j;,  w   ,„,.  ii|.  II.,-  ioi|..  til  ihc  irn-~iiio^  of  Yellow  Creek,  and   from  thence  to 

x.  r..i  \v. ..  loii.-,  to  ii,.- si,^,»oio.-,- ciMoiiu.  j,,i„  tiiy  ^rretit  rotid  near  Bloody  Run,  now  Everett, 

n't-'w  -iV'Uu.l.'u/i^iimol'-sunn^  •''"'"*-     Little,=   William    Shirley,'    Robert    Friggs,* 

N.  so  w.  1  mii.s  I.,  conaioiiiioriv  1  n ik.  lliigli  Guttcrv,  Richard  Long,'  and  Samuel  Anderson 

N.  low,  :■'  .  liiii...  I..  K;i.  i,aii.ii;oiiio  s  House,  Were  appointed  viewers.     A  report  not  being  made  by 

^  '''  ^^    '-■ '" '■■ '    '"  ''  """""  OKI  Town.  these  viewers,  on  the  14th  of  July  following,  a  peti- 

\v.-'.i  M  loiis  to tion  of  inlitibitants  of  "  Barree  and  Coleraine"  town- 

N,  so  w  r.  iioi.s  to  .-iini,o|.|.h,vTo«i,.  ships,  representing  that  a  road   between   the  points 

tibove  mentioned  would  be  of  great  use  to  the  public, 

.\  .Mr.  AVfst  w;is  at  till' same  time  examined  liv  the  the    court   named    Richard    Long,    Hugh    Guthrey, 

('null,  il,  ami  lucxpii— c(l  his ,, pinion  that  the  courses  Samuel  Thompson,*  James  Little,  Samuel  Anderson, 

ami  iii>lamrs  Mt  .hiwii  l.v  .Mr.  I'atten  came  as  near  to  and  Walter  Clark^  to  view  the  road  and  make  rejiort 

the  dull  I  as  was  pu—  wit  hunt  actutil  measurement,  of  their  ])roceedings  to  the  next  court.     This  ajipoint- 

Iii  ihi'  Itiltrr  part  olAuoii-t.  17'4,  Cnnrail  Wi-iscr  M-t  meiit  did  imt  sei  tur  :i  report,  and  at  October  sessions 

oiitonti  joiniiry  11.1111  111. nu-ti..\iiii|>ltlic  the  ]irisistriit    inlial.itants  of  Barree  township  were 

gi.vcriiiiM'iit.  ti.  havr  a  ri.iif.  rinio  with  M.iiii-  Tmliaiis.  luafil  l.y  tlir  rutirt   in   another  petition,  when   Jidin 

111  hi-  juiiriial  111- Mat.-  that  111- lilt  .\iiiltvw  .Mnm-iiii':-  I'ipiT."    K-inire.    Richard     Long,     JMichael   Crydcr.' 

on  tli.-^^ili.lSipt.-iiil.rr.     ■■  Ki.ih. -ix  liniir-liefiir.-miiiii  Saiiitii-1    .\  ml.-r.son,  James  Little,  and  William  Shirley 

Thi-  principal  inad  intiTi-d  I  liiiitiiigdi.ii  ( 'i.uiity  in  Cryili-f  w,-n-  appnintcil  to  vi.-w.     •fhc-c   viewers   laiil 

till- vii-iiiiiy  i.f  I'.lair's  .Mill-.aml  pa-M-dtiptlieTn.iigh  i.tit  a  r.iad  ami   made    return    to   .luly   nf  the 

Spriie.'  I.ta'm-li  i.t  •fii-ean.ra  Creek,  l.v  the  •■Tn.ii;,:-h-  sa,,,,-    vear.      One   liraneh    nf    the     road    began    at    a 

or   ■■(•., V,-'    -piiiio.    tlm.uoli    --^ha.le    Cap,    leTtliwanl  -  li  iek.'.ry  stamlillg  on  the  tmrth   side  of  the    Franks- 

aliiiig   Klaek    i.o-,:   valley  to  the  -  lllaek    l..!-.'   in  or  i.,wii    Ihaiieh  of  Juniata  River,  about  a  i|Marter  of  a 

near  the  gap  ea-i  ol  (  lilii-onia  ;  I  lirouol,  ,-liii-ley-l.iirg  mil,-  below   the  mouth  of  Standing  Stone  Creek,  at 

(.\uglnviek  1)1.1    Town,  or   Fort   Shirley.:  erosM-.l  L.  the  end   of  Stamlin-  Stone   Mountain,  supposed  to 

thetioillieni  Mileoltlie.lniiiata  aliove  .M,.unt  Uiiio,,:  l„-;,t    ..r    near    the    line   which    divides    tlij    ciumty 

cro>Mii-.luiiiata   aoaiu  t.i  the  s.,uth  side  at  the  lower  of    T.e.llor.l    from    Cumberland  :  and     running    from 

eiidor('\|.|-e"  Maiiil.  ill  tliel.or,.ii-jli  .,1  llmitiim.loii:  th.-m-e     n.irtli     thirty-lour    degrees    we.-t     eiglity->ix 

over  the  Warrior's  riiL'e  ami  eio-iii-ln  ihe  north  M.le  peiehes  to  Standing  Stone  Creek;  and  thence  up  said 

of  the  river  near  Jlart-   l.oii    i  A  lexamiria  i  ;   theme  ereek  north  lifteen  degrees  east  nineteen  i)erches  ;  and 

vl"   Water   Stn-ei    and  Canoe   valKy   to    Frankstowi;  thence  north  sixty-four  degrees  west  across  the  said 

and   Ilolli.laysl, org;   ami   th, 11. -e  over  the  Allegheny.  "  "  

Thesotilhern  l.ram-h,  leaving  the  main  ma. I  at  IMack         '/^, 'j'''^' [^'""'l:'""'- "'^■'[^■'"  '""'-'"1'.  ""'""'S''""  ^■''■ 

Log,  pasM-il   the   ■fliree  Spring-   near  the  borough  of  ~  i-^ill-'j .!"  h.!!!i  !.!ii^.!,!io--\i,o  i'.'o-ousii  ..f  Ciuisviilo. 

that  name,  ami    leaviiio    1 1  unl  in-^.loi,  I  ■..niity  at  Side-  Mi-.-l.-l  .„.  l:,,v-,--u  ..  lin,„.-l,. 

ling  Hill  Cap,  t..iielie,|   |-;veiell  ami  1  K-illi-nl.  en-ing         ■'■'-"''' •'-o.l  T..,.  M...>i.t,ii„. 

the   Alleoli.-iiy   a    numlo-r  ..f  mile-  -onthwest  of  the         J  Ir!:!:!  ::'!:'!,:;;'':;'''!',, ,,,, „. ,„,„ .„„„n„„,„„. 


creek  and  along  the  principal  street,  called  Alleghany 
Street,  in  the  town  of  Huntingdon  ninety-two  perches 
to  the  centre  of  the  said  town,  and  thence  the  same 
course  continued  and  along  the  same  street,  in  all 
two  hundred  and  seventy-two  perches,  to  the  point  of 
the  island  above  the  Standing  Stone ;  thence  south 
fifty-eight  degrees  west  fourteen  across  the  river 
Juniata,"  etc.  Then  follow  the  courses  and  distances 
to  a  point  about  one  hundred  perches  southwest  of 
ISoqiiet's  Spring,  where  the  other  branch  of  the  road 
was  intersected,  which  began  at  the  lower  end  of 
Water  Street  Narrows,  on  the  northeastern  side  of  the 
Frankstown  Branch  of  Juniata  River,  and  ran  along  j 
the  same  about  a  mile  and  a  half,  then  crossed  said  | 
river,  and  passing  near  the  house  of  Charles  Caldwell, 
in  Hart's  Log  Valley,  and  the  house  of  Henry  Lloyd 
in  Woodcock  Valley.  The  route  from  the  intersection 
of  the  two  branches  w-as  through  W^oodcock  Valley, 
passing  near  the  houses  of  James  Piper  and  John 
Piper,  to  the  "  great  road  about  fifteen  perches  above  j 
Bloody  Run."  Computing  the  measurements  of  the 
several  lines  we  find  the  distances,  according  to  the 
return  of  this  road  survey,  from  the  intersection  of 
Allegheny  and  Third  Streets,  in  the  borough  of  Hunt- 
ingdon, to  be  as  follows  :  To  Boquet's  Spring  at 
McConnellstown,'  four  miles  and  two  hundred  and 
ninety-five  perches;  to  the  crossing  of  Yellow  Creek, 
thirty  miles  and  two  hundred  and  ten  perches;  and 
to  Bloody  Run,  now  Everett,  thirty-eight  miles  and 
two  hundred  and  thirty-six  perches;  all  somewhat 
short  of  the  actual  distances.  This  route  was  ordered 
to  be  opened  to  the  breadth  of  thirty-three  feet,  and 
confirmed  as  a  public  road. 

On  the  12th  day  of  July,  1773,  on  a  petition  of  a 
number  of  the  inhabitants  of  the  county,  Benjamin 
Elliot,  John  Ramsey,  John  Walker,  Gaven  Cluggage, 
Lawrence  Swop,  and  James  Carmichael  were  ap- 
pointed to  view  and  lay  out  a  road  from  the  mouth  of 
Aughwick  Creek  to  the  great  road  leading  from  Bed- 
ford to  Baltimore.  As  no  report  was  made  by  these 
viewers  at  April  sessions,  1774,  on  petition,  another 
board  of  viewers,  consisting  of  James  Galbraith, 
Samuel  Thompson,  Gaven  Cluggage,  Giles  Stevens, 
Charles  Boyle,  and  Samuel  Daniel,  was  appointed  to 
lay  out  a  bridle-road.  The  report  of  these  viewers 
was  presented  to  the  court  at  July  sessions,  1774,  and 
the  road  ordered  to  be  opened  thirty-three  feet  wide. 
The  line  began  at  Silver's  Ford,  on  the  Juniata  River, 
about  a  mile  above  the  mouth  of  Aughwick  Creek, 
crossed  the  creek  north  of  Fort  Shirley,  passed  Robert 
Cluggage's  mill,  and  intersected  the  wagon-road  at 
Charles  Magill's  at  the  Burnt  Cabins.  Distance,  ac- 
cording to  the  return,  twenty-one  miles  and  fifty-four 

At  the  October  sessions,  Bartholomew  Davis  peti- 

'  This  sprin 

lie  snuthern  side  of  tlie  road  or  street  in  Mc( 
1,  in  tlie  rear  of  tlie  liousesaud  below  the  tannery.  Itrecp 
from  the  fact  that  Col.  Henry  Boquet  had  owned  the  adjai 

tioned  for  a  road  from  his  mill  "  to  James  Galbraith's, 
&  from  thence  to  Patrick  Kanan,  on  the  great  road 
leading  from  Silver's  Ford  to  the  Burnt  Cabins." 
James  Galbraith,  John  Donough,  John  Ramsey, 
Robert  Ramsey,  James  Cluggage,  and  Samuel  Thomp- 
son were  appointed  viewers. 

At  April  sessions,  1776,  on  the  petition  of  inhabi- 
tantsofBarree  township,  setting  forth  "  that  they  labor 
under  many  disadvantages  for  want  of  roads  to  the 
Juniata,  Frankstown  Branch,'  and  to  Bedford,  to 
Huntingdon  meeting  and  market,  unto  the  saw-  and 
grist-milP  on  the  aforesaid  branch,  and  praying  the 
court  to  appoint  men  to  view,  and  if  they  see  cause 
to  lay  out  one  road  beginning  at  William  McLevy's, 
on  Standing  Stone  Creek,  near  to  the  Big  Ga]i  that 
leads  into  Kishacoquillas  Valley  ;  thence  down  Sha- 
ver's Creek  to  the  mouth  thereof  into  Frankstown 
Branch  ;  thence  down  the  aforesaid  branch  to  the 
upper  end  of  Dr.  William  Smith's  island  ;*  thence 
crossing  Juniata  the  nearest  and  best  way  unto  the 
public  road  to  Bedford,  etc.  The  other  road  begin- 
ning at  the  upper  end  of  the  aforesaid  island  where 
the  first-mentioned  road  ends,  on  the  northeast  side  of 
said  branch,  and  from  thence  down  said  branch  until 
it  joins  the  aforesaid  public  road.  William  McLevy,* 
Alexander  McCormick,*  James  Williams,  Abraham 
Haines,'  Robert  Smith,  and  Nathaniel  Jarrard'  were 
appointed  viewers. 

The  Revolutionary  troubles  followed  so  soon  after 
these  proceedings,  that  road-making  was  suspended 
during  that  contest  and  for  some  years  afterw'ards, 
and  the  inhabitants  were  constrained  to  content  them- 
selves with  the  few  roads,  paths,  or  trails  already 
opened.  Beside  the  roads  already  mentioned,  there 
was  one  that  led  from  the  Raystown  Branch  through 
Tatman's  Gap  and  Plank  Cabin  Valley  to  Fort  Little- 
ton ;  one  from  Garard's  mill,  below  McConnellstown, 
to  the  Raystown  Branch.  These  were  in  use  in  1787. 
A  road  that  branched  from  the  Hart's  Log  road  west 
of  the  pulpit  rocks,  and  led  to  the  settlements  on  the 
river  above  Petersburg,  was  known  in  1788  asGraffius' 
road,  and  one  in  Plank  Cabin  Valley  was  called,  as 
early  as  1766,  "  Thomson's  road."  A  public  road  from 
Huntingdon  to  Three  Springs,  via  Cassville,  was  laid 
out  about  1790;  from  McCormick's  mill  to  Hunting- 
don, surveyed  in  November  of  the  same  year ;  from 
Minteer's  Gap  to  the  Warm  Springs,  May,  1791 ;  and 
that  from  the  Three  Springs,  through  Hare's  Valley,  to 
the  Juniata  occupies  in  part  the  route  of  an  ancient 

The  State  Road  over  the  Allegheny  Mountain, 

!  In  the  olden  time  the  river  flowing  past  Ilnntingdou  wa 
ankstown  Bniiich  down  to  its  juuctiuu  witli  the  Raystown 
!  Cryder's  Mills. 
I  Cypress  Island. 

i  Creek,  We 



—The  General  Assembly,  .Man-h  l".'.  17<;.  aullmri/.-.l 
the  president  to  appoint  three  ruiiinii—ion.r.  to  lay 
out  :i  State  highway  from  the  I'raiik.-town  llrancli  <>i' 
the  river  Juniata  to  the  river  UonemauL'li.  Inuii  nr  near 
points  at  ivhieli  these  streams  beeoine  naviL;al>K'.  <  h\ 
the  tith  of  Ai)ril.  Charles  Campbell,  of  •\Ve-tia..r.-hni<l, 
James  Harris,  surveyor,  of  CnMil.rrlan.i.  aii.l  S<,lom.,n 
Adams,  of  Redtbrd,  were  name.l  as  conimissicners. 
Their  return  was  eonfirmed  De.-inber  l.sth,  and  the 
road  or.hTe<l  to  br  opnu-d  t.i  llie  width  nf  ilttv  feet. 
It,  at  -  u  bnttonwund-trr,.  „n  Williaie.  Jlulli- 
,lay-.>  land,  on  the  bank  nf  the  I  rank-tnwn  l!raneh  of 
Juniata."  The  .li-taiir>s  to  pi  iinipal  points  along 
the  line  were:  To  ih>-  t<ip  ul'  \\,r  "  AUetrany"  Moun- 
tain, nine  miles;  to  a  branch  of  ( 'niiemauijh,  seven 
iidh^;  to  the  top  of  Laurel  Hill,  ten  miles;  to  the 
Itonnd  Top.  thirteen  and  a  half  nnles;  to  the  mouth 
of  lilaek  Liek  (.'reek,  fbur  miles;  to  tlir  month  of  Loy- 
alhanna,  eight  and  tlir,e-.iiiaitiT<  inib<,— makiii-  the 
whole  distance  lilty-tuo  ami  oiie-.|iiarter  mile-.  Ad- 
vertisements were  oideied  to  be  in-crted  in  the  I'liila- 
delphia.Carlisl...  and  i'itt-bui-jli  newspap.-r.  inviting 


:,sals   fo 

2r,,  1788,  the  proposal  of  Robert  (ialbraitb.  r.^(|..  to 
clear  and  make  good  the  road  between  tin-  ].oiiits 
nanie<!,  to  the  breadth  of  fifteen  feet,  exoei't  in  plares 
where  digging  or  bridging  is  neee.ssary,  and  there  but 
twelve  feet,  with  convenient  passing-places,  to  be 
completed  by  the  1st  day  of  January  following,  for 
the  slim  of  three  hundred  and  ninety-three  pounds  in 
>prrir,  wa-  ar.vpi.d  by  the  Council.'  Hugh  Davbl-on 
and  Andrew  ILiidersni  were  received  as  sureties  tor 
the  rouipletion  of  the  work.  One-half  .d'  the  . ■ou- 
tran pri.-e  was  paid  in  ban. 1.  and  llu^  balanr.-  was  to 
l„.   oaid   on   th.'  <-onu.lrtion  of  tli.-  work.     ( lalbraitli. 

lie-  lon-rr  than  h 
•  timr  Uv  nnd.Tt.H.l 
'd    crrtitirates    fron 

id    Titns,    Miehael    Mi 

d    w: 

■d.    di 

1  that  br  drov  ■■hi-  «a-on  with  upward-  of 
y  hnn.lie.l  ov.T  the-  .Mlrglimy  .Mountain  will, 
■'  NotwilhstandiiiLr  ih.-s.-  ^talrment-.  it  was  al- 
bv.-om,.  prr-on>  that  Calbraith  had  not  fully 
ji.-d  uith   lii-ro„,,arl.and  alba- an  exan.inatb.n 

accepted  by  the  public,  and  it  continued,  until  the 
construction  of  the  turnpike,  to  be  the  chief  highway 
between  the  valley  of  the  Juniata  and  the  waters  of 
the  Ohio. 

The  Larger   Streams    declared   Public   Hig-h- 

Ways.— F>efore  road-  were  con-tructed  in  this  re- 
gion at  public  expense,  the  larger  streams  were  util- 
ized as  highways,  and  it  became  necessary  to  dedicate 
them  to  public  use.  The  Assembly  on  the  9th  of 
March,  1771,  passed  an  act  declaring  a  number  of  the 
rivers  and  creeks  "public  streams  and  highways  for 
the  purposes  of  navigation  up  and  down  the  same ; 
and  that  all  obstructions  and  impediments  to  the  pas- 
sage of  his  Majesty's  liege  subjects  up  and  down  the 
same,  erected  or  hereafter  to  be  erected,  shall  be 
deemed,  held,  and  adjudged  common  nuisances."  The 
Juniata,  with  the  branches  as  far  up  as  Bedford  and 
Frankstown,  was  embraced  within  the  provisions  of 
thi<  act.  Commissioners  were  named  and  authorized 
to  ■'  scour,  enlarge, straighten  and  deei)en"  thestreams 
mentioned  in  the  act,  and  penalties  prescribed  for  the 
erection  or  maintenance  of  any  dam  or  other  obstruc- 
tion.' By  act  of  Feb.  5, 1794,  the  Little  Juniata  from 
its  mf)uth  up  to  the  head  of  Logan's  Narrows,  and 
Standing  Stone  Creek  from  its  mouth  up  to  the  mouth 
of  J^aurel  Run,  were  declared  public  highways  for  the 
)iassage  of  boats  and  rafts.  Feb.  25,  179o,  Benjamin 
Elliott  was  authorized  to  erect  a  wing-dam  on  the 
northeast  side  of  the  river.  March  23,  1796,  Thomas 
^Vhittaker  was  empowered  to  make  "  good  and  conve- 
ideiit  landings  on  both  sides  of  the  river  Juniata,  op- 
posite the  end  of  Montgomery  (now  Fourth)  Street, 
in  the  town  of  Huntingdon,  where  heat  present  keeps 
a  terry,  and  shall  at  all  times  hereafter  maintain  the 
-amc  in  good  order  and  repair,  fit  for  men,  horses,  and 
carriages  to  pass  and  repass."'-  Robert  Dean  and 
.lo^iph  Smith  obtained  legislative  authority,  March 
'■K  1797,  for  erecting  a  wdng-dam.  John  Canan  was 
authorized  by  act.  approved  Feb.  ID,  1799,  to  erect  a 




..  >aid  J.din  Canan's  mills, 
Huntingdon  to  the  western 
Pittsburgh  crosses  the  said 

va<  near  Hatfield's  Juniata 

r.lso.l.  to  tivct  a  wing-dam 
•n   owiumI   tlK'    Huntingdon 

,f.rd's  land,  was  dc(dared  a 
f  Feb.  I'.i,  isoii;  Tir-carora 
to  the  fork-  near  :\Iorrow's 
0.-,  ;  and  tlu'  Little  Jiiidata, 
I'.ell-s  mills,  then  Allcahenv 

;e-.-  How  Ca 
lly  settled  the 
he  reader.     Tl 



township,  by  act  of  March  26,  1808.  The  Aughwick 
Creek  became  a  highway  April  1,  1822,  and  several 
other  acts  relative  to  smaller  streams  were  passed  in 
subsequent  years. 

Tlie  importance  of  the  streams  as  public  highways 
attracted  the  attention  of  the  Legislature  to  such  an 
extent  as  to  secure  the  passage,  April  13,  1791,  of  an 
act  authorizing  the  improvement  of  the  larger  rivers 
and  cifeeks  of  the  State.  It  included  the  Juniata 
from  its  mouth  to  Water  Street,  and  thence  to  Franks- 
town,  and  i-'L'.'lL'ii  \v;is  aiipropriated.  The  same  act 
made  liberal  appropriutiuns  lor  tlie  laying  out  of  new 
and  improvement  of  old  roads.  For  the  road  through 
Canoe  Narrows  and  from  Daniel  Titus'  to  Poplar  Run 
£300  was  set  apart ;  for  the  road  from  Poplar  Run  to 
Conemaugh,  £360;  for  a  road  to  be  laid  out  from 
Frankstown  to  Pittsburgh,  £800  ;  for  a  road  through 
Jack's  and  Igow's  Narrows,  £120.  The  next  year' 
the  Legislature  made  some  changes  in  the  applica- 
tion of  the  moneys  appropriated  for  the  road  over 
tlie  Alleglieny  Mountain,  and  directed  that  £530  shall 
be  given  towards  improving  and  opening  a  road  from 
Frankstown  to  Conemaugh  at  or  near  the  mouth  of 
Stony  Creek.  Six  hundred  pounds  was  appropriated 
towards  improving  the  navigation  of  the  Raystown 
Branch  of  tlie  Juniata  from  its  mouth  to  a  point 
above  Bedford.  In  1792,-  $400  was  appropriated 
for  improving  the  road  between  Lewistown  and 
Huntingdon,  and  $500  added  to  former  grants  to 
the  road  from  Frankstown  to  Pittsburgh. 

The  Legislature,  April  7,  1807,  appropriated  eight 
hundred  dollars  for  the  purpose  of  laying  out  and 
opening  a  road  to  begin  at  Logan's  Narrows  and 
extend  via  mouth  of  Anderson's  Creek,  in  Clearfield 
I'ounty,  to  the  State  road  leading  to  Erie. 

The  numerous  mountain  gorges  along  the  course  of 
the  Juniata  presented  so  many  difficulties  in  the  way 
of  constructing  a  passable  artificial  road,  that  little 
could  be  done  w'ith  the  amount  of  money  from  time 
to  time  collected  by  taxation,  or  appropriated  from 
the  public  treasury  towards  that  end,  and  after  the 
u]>per  part  of  the  valley  had  reached  that  state  of 
inijirovement  as  to  have  a  surplus  of  the  products  of 
agriculture  or  manufactures,  resort  was  had  to  the 
river  for  reaching  the  eastern  markets.  The  ark 
and  the  keel-boat  were  introduced.  The  first  was 
constructed  of  hewn  and  sawed  lumber,  fastened 
together  with  wooden  pins,  built  to  carry  freight 
down  the  river,  and  after  the  discharge  of  the  cargo 
sold.  It  was  taken  apart,  and  the  plank  and  timber 
used  for  building.  The  keel-boat  was  constructed 
somewhat  like  the  hull  of  the  present  canal-boat,  and 
after  unloading  its  downward  freight,  brought  back 
such  commodities  as  the  merchants  and  others  pur- 
chased in  the  East.  It  was  "  pushed"  up  stream  by 
men  working  with  poles,  a  slow  and  slavish  process. 
With  the  removal  of  some  obstructions,  the  naviga- 

:  Act  of  Ajjii 

tion  of  the  Juniata  to  its  mouth  and  the  Susque- 
hanna to  Harrisburg  became  to  experienced  rivermen 
comparatively  easy  and  safe,  but  the  terror  of  the 
boatmen  was  "  Conewago  Falls."  It  was  reserved  for 
some  brave  spirits  of  the  upper  Juniata  to  successfully 
grapple  with  the  perils  of  these  falls.  In  Appendix 
III.  to  the  "American  Museum,"  Part  I.,  from  Janu- 
ary to  July,  1792,  published  by  M.  Carey,  Philadel- 
phia, on  page  32,  the  following  account  is  given  :  "  A 
Baltimore  paper  mentions  that  Mr.  Kryder  had  ar- 
rived there  from  Standing  Stone,  on  Juniata,  with 
one  hundred  and  four  barrels  of  flour,  having  per- 
formed the  voyage  in  five  days.  His  flour  passed  for 
superfine,  and  was  sold  immediately  at  the  highest 
price  for  cash ;  the  merchants  presented  Mr.  Kryder 
with  one  hundred  and  four  dollars  as  premium  for 
the  risk  he  ran,  with  his  two  sons,  in  attempting  the 
navigation  of  the  Susquehannah,  heretofore  thought 
to  be  impracticable  for  boats  of  burden."  This  flour 
was  doubtless  the  product  of  Cryder's  own  mill, 
which  stood  on  the  south  side  of  the  Juniata,  be- 
tween the  head  of  Cypress  Island  and  the  Hunting- 
don Dam.  For  a  further  description  of  the  mill  and 
the  Cryder  family,  see  Porter  township. 

Turnpikes. — The  river  could  only  be  relied  upon 
for  the  floating  of  arks  and  keel-boats  when  the  water 
was  at  a  certain  stage.  During  the  frosts  of  winter 
and  the  droughts  of  summer,  navigation  was  sus- 
pended, and  some  other  more  certain  means  of  com- 
munication between  the  upper  Juniata  region  and 
the  seaboard  became,  with  increasing  population  and 
the  growing  wants  of  the  people,  necessary  to  be  sup- 
plied. Other  sections  of  the  State,  imitating  the  ex- 
ample of  the  older  countries,  had  tested  the  merits  of 
turnpikes,  and  soon  the  project  of  the  construction  of  a 
macadamized  road  from  Harrisburg  to  Pittsburgh  was 
agitated.  This  scheme  took  shape  in  the  passage  of 
an  act  Feb.  24,  1806,  appointing  commissioners  to 
open  books  and  receive  subscriptions  of  stock  to  the 
"Harrisburg  and  Pittsburgh  Turnpike  Road,"  to  be 
constructed  through  Bedford.  The  act  prescribed  the 
conditions  requisite  to  the  issue  of  letters  of  incorpo- 
ration, as  well  as  the  rights  and  privileges  to  be  en- 
joyed by  the  company.  On  the  4th  of  March,  1807, 
the  Legislature  appointed  commissioners  to  take 
stock  "  for  the  purpose  of  making  an  artificial  or 
turnpike  road  from  Harrisburg  through  Lewistown 
and  Huntingdon  to  Pittsburgh,"  and  when  a  sufficient 
number  of  shares  had  been  subscribed  the  Governor 
was  authorized  to  i.ssue  letters  patent  creating  the 
subscribers  a  corporation,  to  be  styled  "The  president, 
managers,  and  company  of  the  Harrisburg,  Lewis- 
town,  Huntingdon  and  Pittsburgh  turnpike  road." 
This  company  was  to  have  all  the  powers  and  privi- 
leges granted  to  the  Harrisburg  and  Pittsburgh  Com- 
pany by  the  act  of  Feb.  24,  1806.  Among  the  c-oni- 
missioners  named  were  Andrew  Hendc-r-nn,  I'atiirk 
Gwin,  William  Steel,  John  Canan,  M'illiani  Monve, 
Thomas  Province,  and  Lazarus  Lowry,  nC  Hunting; don 



irt<  niadp 

le  comiiussioiier-^  w.-rr 
iiol  r.-wunliMl  with  siu-.'L-^.  an.l  on  the  20tli  of  Mar.h. 
ISID,  a  -U|i|iU'iiii'iit  ua-  pa— cmI  authorizing  tiie 
])oration  of  tiic  '•  Huntingilun,  Cambria  and  Indiana 
turni)ike  road,"  to  enjoy  all  the  privileges  conferred 
in  the  original  act.  A  meeting  of  the  citizens  of  the 
county  favorable  to  the  contemplated  improvenu-nt 
was  held  at  the  court-house  in  Hunting<lon,  Wed- 
nesday evening,  Jan.  12,  1814,  at  which  Col.  .John 
Canan  jin'^ided.  and  William  R.  Smith  acted  as  sec- 
retary. It  \v:i^  rt-iilved  to  memorialize  the  Legisla- 
ture that  a  pr(Pi"irtinnal  part  of  the  sum  already  ap- 
propriated by  that  body  towards  making  the  road 
from  Alexandria  to  the  crossings  of  the  Couemaugh, 
be  appropriated  towards  making  that  portion  of  the 
road  from  the  side  of  the  Allegheny  to  the  west 
side  of  the  Laurel  Hill.  The  route  recommended 
was  to  commence  at  John  Blair's,  on  the  east  side  of 
the  AllcLrheiiv,  tlience  by  the  nearest  and  best  way 
through  .Minister  and  Ehensburg  to  Martin  Reugcr's 

n  of  the  mad  lying  between  the  west  end  of 
Sir,-.'t,  ill  .Vh'xandria,  to  the  lane  that  led 
llavid  Stewart's  house  to  the  big  road,  was  ad- 
ed  to  be  let  on  the  2oth  of  February  foUow- 
From  a  report  of  the  affairs  of  the  company, 
in  May,  it  appeared  that  its  funds  were  as  fol- 

t  of  MHrcli  2-1,  isii 




The  contract-s  for  the  construction  of  the  road 
amounted  to  S190,l.').5.80,  and  the  tolls  received  up 
to  the  preceding  March  aggregated  S.300(l. 

.\t  the  election  of  January.  I.Sl'O,  .lohn  Blair  was 
UL'aiii    elected    president,  an.l    J.    George    Mytiuger 








fonte,  Ebcnsburg,  and  other  iioints. 
May  and  June  following.  Accordii 
May  9th,  books  were  opened  in  II u 
taverns  of  Patrick  Gwin  and  .'^aniiul 
the  week  a  number  of  citizens  ni' 
scribed  liberally.  A  suUicient  auio 
ing  been  taken  by  the  loth  of  Febn 
of  incorporation  were  issued,  ami 
effected  by  the  election  of  otticers. 

election.  M lav.  .Ian.  4.   I'^lli.  Jo 

elected   pn-Hdeiil,  Lewi>  Mytiiiger 
and  David  Stewart  secretary.     The 



elioxMi  treasurer.  In  1S21  these  gentlemen  were  re- 
elrited.  The  friends  of  the  imjirovemeut  persevered, 
and  ultimately  succeeded  in  opening  the  entire  line  of 
ruiid  from  Huntingdon  to  Blairsville,  a  distance  of 
seviiityseven  miles.  A  considerable  length  of  the  line 
pa.— Ill  through  a  rugged  and  sparsely-settled  region, 
tiiKil.le  to  contribute  any  substantial  aid,  many  of  the 
^uiJ>l■rillers  were  tardy  in  paying  iustallment-s  on  their 
siili-criptioiis,  and  the  managers  felt  compelled  to 
r.-..rt  lo  the  issue  of  "scrip"  to  meet  accruing 
debt~  lor  work  performeil.     The  above  is  a  facsimile 

.f  tie 

■  1,S24,  182o,  and  lS2i3,  John  Blair 
•siilent,  and  J.  George  Mytinger, 
i-t-uamed  year  the  board  of  niaa- 
din  Patton,  Joseph  Pattou,  John 


Stewart,  Miixwell  Kinkead,  Thomas  Jackson,  John 
Cresswell,  John  Lyon,  William  R.  Smith,  Silas 
Moore,  Moses  Canan,  George  MulhoUan,  Jr.,  and 
James  Elliott. 

The  Lewistown  and  Huntingdon  Turnpike 
Road  Company  was  organized  and  incorporated 
under  the  act  of  March  4,  1807,  and  constructed  the 
road  between  those  two  boroughs.  The  Legislature, 
in  an  act  passed  March  26,  1821,  making  apiiropria- 
tions  for  the  improvement  of  the  roads  ami  sln-ains 
of  the  State,  authorized  the  Governor  li.  suhs.nlir  l,,r 
three  hundred  and  forty  shares  of  the  stuck  of  tliis 

On  the  first  Monday  of  January,  1824,  the  follow- 
ing officers  were  chosen;  President,  E.  W.  Hale; 
Treasurer,  David  Lusk  ;  Managers,  A.  Bratton,  James 
Creswell,  B.  Walters,  Ruel  Elton,  M.  Norton,  T.  I. 
Postlethwaite,  John  Mavey,  Jr.,  George  Macklin,  A. 
Jacobs,  Elijah  Davis,  Jacob  Jliller,  and  David  R. 

Numerous  other  companies  were  from  time  to  time 
autliorized  to  be  incorporated  for  the  purpose  of  con- 
structing transverse  roads.     The  principal  ones  were: 

r»;-«;;(:te.— Bedford  and  Frankstown,  April  G,  1830 ; 
Brown's  Mills  and  Alexandria,  April  14,  1834;  Dun- 
cansville,  Newry  and  Leamersville,  April  21,  1858; 
Glen  Hope  and  Little  Bald  Eagle,  Mnrrh  20,  1,S4!)  ; 
Hart's  Log  Valley,  April  4,  1863;  Holiiday.l.nri;  .■ind 
Bedford,  April  10,  1835;  Huntingdon  and  Ca^svillc, 
Feb.  lo,  ISOO;  Huntingdon  and  Clearfichl,  April  2, 
1838;  Hmiliiigd.mand  McAlevy's  Fort,  Feb.  19,1850, 
April  20,  JS.Vl,  and  Marrl,  21,  1860;  Huntingdon  and 
Phillipslun-L'.  -March  31,  1S:^5;  Lt-wist.iwn  niul 
Valley,  Feb.  12,  is.-.d;  L..U(l.)n  and  Drake's  Fciiy, 
April  10,  ISiid;  M.,rriM,nVt'(ivc,  Aprd  11,  1S4X;  .Mor- 
rison's Cove  and  Woodcock  Valley,  May  8,  1854; 
Mount  Union,  Shirleysburg  and  Orbisonia,  April  5, 
1862;  Old  Fort  and  Spruce  Creek,  April  23,  1S44 ; 
Petersburg  and  Shaver's  Creek,  April  20,  1850;  Peters- 
burg a)hl  Kccd^viUe,  April  4,  1864;  Shade  Gap  and 
Burnt  Cabins,  April  20,  1853  ;  Shade  Gap  and  Jlount 




Spruce  Creek  and  Phi  Hi 

burg,  March  24,  1849;  Spruce  Creek,  April  8,  1826; 
Spruce  Creek  and  Water  Street,  Aiiril  13,  1846;  Ty- 
rone and  Spruce  Creek,  April  4,1868;  Water  Street 
and  Cleanield,  .\pril  2,  1838. 

yY»»/,-/,''-,„/...— .\ltoona  and  Clearfield,  April  11, 
1853;  Bain'e  Station  and  Alexandria,  Feb.  27,  1854; 
Bell's  -Mills  an.l  Fallen  Timber,  May  6,  1857;  Free- 
dom and  Sarah  Furnace,  April  15,  1853;  Hollidays- 
burg  and  Altoona,  April  5,  1852;  Hollidaysburg  and 
Bedford,  April  26,  1850;  Shade  Gap,  Shirleysburg 
and  Juniata,  April  13,  1854;  Tuckahoe  and  Mount 
Pleasant,  Feb.  20,  1852. 

Some  of  these  were  constructed,  a  few  are  yet  main- 
tained, but  the  larger  proportion  remain  in  their 
primitive  condition. 

The  Canal  and  the  Portage  Railroad.— The  mid- 
dle turnpike,  as  the  several  sections  extending  from 

Harrisburg  to  Pittsburgh  W( 
fully  completed  before  the  c 
railroad  and  canal,  from  Pli 
was  agitated.  In  the  llinil'n 
1825,  the  following  editorial 
"Turnpike  roads  bad  tln' 
all  agog  in  this  and  many  ot 
on  the  subject  of 
ety  (at  the  head  o 

an.  27, 



d  to 


nient-.  This  society  ha-  s,.t  to  work  ii 
to  convince  the  ptiblic  by  written  e-says  of  the  ne- 
cessity and  advantage  of  having  a  canal  to  unite  the 
Eastern  and  Western  walers  on  the  .luniata  route; 
but  whether  their  laudable  views  will  be  seconded  by 
the  Legislature  is  very  questionable." 

A  convention  of  delegates,  representing  nearly  all 
of  the  counties  of  the  commonwealth,  was  held  in 
Harrisburg,  Aug.  4,  1825,  for  the  ]mrpose  of  discus- 
sing the  subject  of  public  improvements,    John  Blair 
^  (Blair's  Gap)  and   John  Scott,  of  Alexandria,  were 
I  chosen  to  represent  Huntingdon  County  in  this  as- 
j  semblage.    After  full  discussion,  the  convention  gave 
;  a  decided  expression  of  opinion  that  the  opening  of 
an  entire  and  complete  conimtinicatiou  Ironi  the  Sus- 
quehanna to  the  Allegheny  ami  Ohio,  and   from  the 
Allegheny  to  Lake  Erie,  is  indi>  n.'ci'ssary  to 
maintain  the  character  ami  >lanilin;j-  of  lie'  Si  ale.  and 

25,  1826,  the  commencenienl    ol   '■The   I'enn-vl vaiiia 
Canal"  was  authorized,  ami  the  location  of  a  .eelion 

Juniata,  and  another  section  from  Pittsburgh  to  the 
mouth  of  the  Kiskindnitas,  directed  to  be  made  im- 
mediately and  put  under  contract.  The  next  year, 
April  9th,  the  Legislature  directed  the  work  to  be 
extended  up  the  valley  of  the  Juniata  to  a  point  at 
or  near  Lewistown,  and  up  the  valleys  of  the  Kiski- 
minitas  and  Conemaugh  to  a  point  at  or  near  Blairs- 
ville.  March  24,  1828,  the  commissioners  were  in- 
structed to  make  an  extensiim  from  Lewistown  to 
the  highest  point  expedient  and  praclicable  for  a 
canal  on  the  Juniata,  and  from  lilairsville  to  the 
highest  point  expedient  and  practicable  lor  a  canal 
on  the  Conemaugh,  and  to  locate  by  the  most  eligible 
route  a  railroad  across  the  Allegheny  Mountain,  wdth 
a  view  of  connecting  the  Juniata  and  Conemaugh 
sections  of  the  canal.  At  the  letting  at  Lewistown, 
October  loth,  contracts  for  the  line  in  Huntingdon 
County  were  awarded  as  follows  (canal  in  half-mile 
sections)  : 

160,  Cromwell,  Diven  &  Barton. 

161,  same. 

162,  Thomas  and  James  Moore. 

163,  same. 

164,  Bull  &  Buck. 

165,  Bargy  &  Bil  linger. 

166,  James  K.  Morehead. 

167,  Drum,  Arnold  &  Clark. 


KiS,  same.  i  basin,  bearing  different  parties  of  |)leasure,  accom- 

169,  Robert  Smith.  !  panied  witli  enlivening  strains  of  music.     Our  ears 

170,  Jolin  Elder.  were  astounded  with  the  perpetual  rattling  of  fire- 
172,  D.  Mcfiilliciiddy.  arms.  A  splendid  ball  was  given  at  the  house  of  Mr. 
17:'.,  Breslin  iV  .Moiiml'Ikiii.  i  Jackson,  several  houses  were  illuminated,  and  scarcely 
174,  .Mc.Manus  i*c  ISelian.  anything  occurred  to  alloy  the  general  happiness 
17,",.  j  which  was  felt  by  every  friend  to  internal  improve- 
17(;.  j  ment.  In  a  few  days  the  water  will  be  let  into  the 
177.  other  levels  to  test  their  tightness  also.  The  coniple- 
17s,  Caliooii.  Mi'Farland  >*i  ('o.  tion  of  the  aqueducts  at  .lack's  Xannws  and  Shaver's 
17'.i,  ^anic.  I  Ford  is  all  that  is  now  waniiiiL'  t..  have  the  Pennsyl- 
iMi,  Smith,  MuUjoUaniU*^  Co.  ]  vania  Canal  in  complete  •■]nialiMii  from  Middletown 
isi,  same.  I  to  this  place." 

IN:^,  Leach,  Tracy  t'ic  Co.  In  the  spring  of  IXIU  the  commissioners  appointed 

is:;,  W'clliiiati  &  I'.rown.  <  James    Taggart,  superintendent;   Edward    F.    Gay, 

1S4, -aiiic.  ))rincii)al  engineer;  and  James  K.  Moorhead,  super- 
Oii   XmcinKcr  I'.Uh   tlie   fullnwiiig  contracts  were      visor  from  Newton  Hamilton  to  Huntingdon.      On 

auanlcil:  Wednesday,    May   ISth.    a   boat    built    on    Standing 

Kay-towii  llraiicli  lce<lcr,  Uriah  Wickwire.  !  Stone  Creek  for  Messrs.  Hill  \-  Maylaml,  of  Hunt- 
Kaystuwii    I'.raiich  dam,   Dearmnml,  i;.,(learmcl   &      ingdon,  was  floated  down   that   stream   to   its   mouth, 

Co.  thence  down  the  Juniata  to  the  Kaystown   Branch 

Atighwick  Falls  dam,  Leslie,  Cook  &  Derno.  '  feeder,  through  which  it  entered  the  canal  and  was 

Shaver's  a(niedncl,  Jonathan  Leslie.  towed  up  to  the  town.     The  Adi-noute  of  Friday,  May 

Jackstown  aqueduct.  Bishop  &  McCoy.  :i7th,  contains  the  following  announcement: 

Mill  Creek  aqueduct.  Corker  &  Uivit.  •■i>..kt  or  iriNTi.vaDo.v. 

Standing  Stone  Creek  aqueduct,  Beaumcjnt,  Leach  "  onmi  .inirais. 

&  Tracev.  •"niiii-a.i>,  _i.— l-t,    l!n:Ll      KiiliIi,'   Capt.   Ueclitel,  from   Bonsnl   * 

On   the  orsaiiization   of   the  board   of   canal   t -  JJ"|;';  V'';77|7,\|y;''|; /'",  ■',',','■','' 

missioncrs  fbr  lS2!t,  .lames  Clarke,  of  Westmoreland,  ,li'|'",','N,.r,' '.i'lilni.^i,'"',,!  i'vi'r-'Mi 

was  appointed  acting  commi.ssioncr  for  the  Juniata  ".'a,  i'.n;ii  ■  i:.i>..v:,,-  i -iii,  \\:,ii,is.    MercimmiiBe  for  Caidwi-ii  & 

division,  and  De  Witt  Clinton  principal  engineer  for  ''"'i"'  "'  "'"■""■'-".■.  -i' 'i^'    \  i,.,„.,  i-etei-sburg;  GuibmiU.s,  Kit- 

tlie  same.     In  the  following  November  the  water  was  ''■ '!]'"  \\,,",',,.!i,'m."  iia'i,-"i   di't  Vanmnrt  in  les3  than  four  dnys 

let    into    the   canal    lictwccll     Lcwistown   and   Mifflin,  f,,,,,,  ll.aaic  lum,.    Fifteen  tons  merclmmlise,  fish  and  plasti-r,  for  Dull 

ari'l  the  p.ackct-lmal  ".Iiiiiiata"  commenced  running  \  .MrCMy.  Wi.t.r  street. 

between  those  towns      To  the  two  dams  one  at  the  ■■  JUi   ik.a  •  Lightfoot,' C.ipt.  Dull,  in  less  than  four  days  from 

"^       "'  Miililletnwii ;  cargo,  twenty  tons.    Merchandise,  fish  and  plaster,  for 

head  of  the  Long  Narrows  and  the  other  at  North  s     null  Ji  jicCo.v. 

Island,   were    attached    locks,   each    ninety    feet    long  l  "Slh.  Boat 'Margaret,' Capt.  McCoy,  siNteen  tons.    Merchandise,  fish 
and  seventei'U  feet  wide  within  the  chambers,  for  the   i  andi.laster.forMessrs.Orbison  &Snyder,l''i-,inkstown;Cald«-cll  iClark, 
.                      .    (■       II       1     1     1  '           fl           "'"' sl.urg;  Bucher  &  I'orter,  .Alexandria;  Mr.  McCahau,  Hunting- 
river.       I'lll^llalil     lu    the    act    of    .\pril    t'l.    ]S:;o,    the  "  I  li,- arrival  of  five  boats  on  the  canal  yesterday  was  a  siglit  pleasing 

haudise  for  Wil 
been  unloaded, 

.t  M. 

.lohn    Milclicll,  ol   ('.litre,  were   tin'    mw   a].pointccs.  "■' l"-i<after  beiween  this  place  and  Philadelphia." 

On  tif  7tli  ol  .liinc  ihc  iicu  l.uani  \va-  m-ani/i-d  i,y  On  the  1st  day  of  June,  a  letting  of  the  work  be- 

clcclin-    .Mr.  .^icv.nsoM    |,rc-i.iciit,    and    Francis    K.  twcni   lliiiitingdoii  and   HnllidayMnirg  was  made  at 

SI. link  ^cc, clary.     The   a]q.oi„ti„cni.    made   inr  tlie  William.lmr-.       I'.ctwecn    luo    and    three   thousand 

Juniata    divi-i,,i,    were    .lames    'l'a:;-aii.    Mi|Mrintcii.  pcrsnii.  w,-iv  in   atleiidaiicc,  and    the   bids   handed   in 

.Iciii  ;   .l..i,.e.  Feiv(i-,n,  i.iniei|.al   eii;jii,eer:    William  niiiiihcrcd  ov,-r  four  thousand.     The  plans  ,-nihraced 

W.    Milclicll,  -iipeni~.,r.     .lame,  I  iiM\ell  -i ee.lcd  loiiiiecai  ilaiiis,   foi-ty-three  locks,  seven  ,L;iianl-locks, 

the    latlcr   ,a    l.-w    llis   athruaids.     On     I  lu-iiay,  ami    M^vciily-thrce   sections.     The   Torla-c    mad,   .11- 

tlie  L'.l  ..r  .\,  the  wat.T  wa.  l.^l  int..  ll.e  l,-\,.l  vide.l  iiil..  tliirty-iive,  was  allotted  t,,  cii- 
al  lliinlin.Li.l.iii  to  llie  hank...  'I'll.'  .f//-e,„/,-  ,,|-  tractm-al  F.l.cii^l.iir;.- .  ai  ihe  L'-tli  ..f  Mav, 
NoN..mkcr'.Mli,all.i-d,'-cnl„ngtli,'lilliie'  ol'tl,.-  Icv.^l,  "  ( lii  last  Satiinlav  linmlivds  nf  .>nr  citizens  wit- 
says,-  II, -Md  11,,^  lann.liin-  of  the  '  James  Clarke,'  a  new 
••On  Thiir-day  ami  Fii.lay  Htli  and  .".I  li  )  our  .-il  i-  and  \. as  haii.l-nme  .■anal-l.oat,  into  the  basin  at  the 
zciis  displaye.l  the  utiiH.~l  hilarity  on  tli,'  ..ccaM,,,,.  w.-t  .-nd  ..I  \\h-  l,orou-h,  ,,wned  l,y  :\re.ssrs.  Williams 
A    vessel   was    lllte.l    lip,   which    plicl    Iniin    ba^n    to  ,V    .Milhr.       When    ^alely   launched    into    the    basin. 


she  was  greeted  by  the  hearty  acclamations  of  those 
who  witnessed  the  pleasing  and  interesting  sight. 
What !  a  cana/-hcint  launched  in  the  vicinity  of  Hunt- 
ingdon ?  Had  any  one  predicted  an  event  of  this 
kind  some  years  back,  he  in  all  probability  would 
have  been  yclept  a  toizard  or  set  down  as  beside  him- 
self. When  the  mail  stage  commenced  running  once  a 
week  from  Philadelphia  to  this  place  our  older  citizens 
considered  it  a  marvelous  affair.  What  will  they  say 
now  ?'" 

On  the  16th  the  "James  Clarke,"  having  been  pre- 
pared for  an  excursion,  left  its  wharf  at  Huntingdon 
about  ten  o'clock  a.m.,  with  about  eighty  ladies  and 
gentlemen  and  the  Huntingdon  Band  on  board,  and 
proceeded  to  Clintonville,  a  shipping-point  at  the 
upper  end  of  Mount  Union,  and  returned  in  the  even- 
ing. The  Gazette  says,  "  Among  those  on  board  we 
observed  James  Clarke,  Esq.,  and  lady.  The  canal 
banks  at  every  lock  and  bridge  were  crowded  with 
anxious  spectators,  who  evinced  their  delight  at  the 
approach  of  the  boat  by  hearty  cheers  and  huzzas. 
The  re-echo  of  the  soul-stirring  drum,  shrill  fife, 
melodious  flute,  etc.,  added  double  zest  to  the  occa- 
sion. The  sublime  and  romantic  scenery,  particu- 
larly at  Drake's  Ferry,  is  not  excelled  in  any  part  of 
Pennsylvania.  The  imagination  cannot  paint  any- 
thing so  beautifully  striking.  Old  nature  sits  there 
in  fearful  grandeur  unmolested  by  the  hand  of  time 
or  art  of  man." 

On  the  29th  of  July,  at  Hollidaysburg,  a  letting  of 
some  sections,  culverts,  and  viaducts  on  the  Portage  ^ 
Railroad  was  made,  and  on  the  5th  of  August,  at  the 
same  place,  contracts  were  awarded  for  canal  work  . 
between  Huntingdon  and  that  point.     About  the  1st 
of  December  navigation  was  closed  by  the  severity 
of  the  weather.     The  novelty  of  canal-boating  up  the  ' 
Juniata,  was  so  great  as  to  invoke  the  enterprise  of  i 
the  newspajiers  of  this  region  to  such  an  extent  as  to 
publish  weekly  lists  of  the  arrival  and  departure  of 
the  crafts  navigating  the  canal. 

The  boating  season  of  1832  began  early  in  March. 
On  Monday,  May  28th,  a  packet-boat  called   "Dr. 
William  Lehman,  of  Philadelphia,"  named  in  honor 
of  one  of  tlie  early  advocates  of  internal  improve- 
ments, was  ])laced  in  the  canal  at  Huntingdon.    This 
boat  was  built  on  Standing  Stone  Creek,  about  seven 
miles  above  the  liurough,  and  was  numbered  thirteen 
of  David  Leech's  line.     It  had  a  cabin  at  the  bow  for 
ladies  and  one  at  the  rear  for  gentlemen.     In  the  in-  t 
teriucdiatr  space  from  twenty  to  tliirty  tons  of  IVeiL'ht 
could    !><■   c-airieil.     'I'll.-   line    ciiM    nl'  tlu'    Allr-I,rny   I 
Mduritains  hnil  a  sulfu-ient  nnnilier  of  boats  to  run  one  i 
eacli  alternate  day  from  Huntingdon  eastward.     The  j 
"  William  Lehman,"  loaded  with  freight  and  passen-  ', 
gers,  departed  on  the  29th  for  Harrisburg,  the  pas-  I 
sengers  congratulating  themselves  that  this  improved 
method  of  travel  was  a  wonderful   advance  in  the  i 

,  Wednesday,  June  15,  1S31. 

matter  of  personal  comfort  over  the  jolting  stage- 

The  Frankstown  line,  the  designation  applied  to 
the  canal  between  Huntingdon  ami  1  lollidnysliurg, 
was  pushed  with  great  cniTi;;y,  nml  in  a  little  over  a 
year  was  completed  and  placid  in  naviL'-aMi'  order. 
On  the  15th  of  November,  at  a  meeting  of  the  citi- 
zens of  the  county  held  at  the  Washington  Hotel,  in 
the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  for  the  purijose  of  adopt- 
ing measures  expressive  of  their  gratitication  at  the 
completion  of  the  Juniata  division  of  the  canal,  Wil- 
liam Orbison  presided,  and  Robert  Williams  acted  as 
secretary.  Resolutions  were  adopted  declaring  the 
importance  of  the  public  improvements,  proposing  a 
public  celebration,  and  authorizing  the  ap[iointment 
of  a  committee  of  arrangements  to  pei iiet  a  |>lan  for 
the  celebration  and  invite  the  Slate  ollleials  and 
others  to  participate.  The  committee  consisted  of 
John  Henderson,  M.D.,  Matthew  McConnell,  David 
R.  Porter,  James  McCahan,  William  Dorris,  Walter 
Clarke,  and  Robert  Wallace,  with  the  following  as 
sistant  committees:  Petersljin-ff,  Joseph  Adams,  Wil- 
liam Walker;  Alexandria,  John  CrcsswcU,  John 
Porter;  Williamsburg,  Thomas  Jackson,  Adolphus 
Patterson;  Frankstown,  Henry  B.  Smith,  Martin 
Denlinger;  Hollidaysburg,  Christian  (liirlier,  Samuel 
Smith,  Christian  Denlinger ;  Blair's  (i<ip,  John 

At  ten  o'clock  a.m.  on  Tuesday,  November  28th, 
in  accordance  with  the  adopted  programme,  the 
packet-boat  "John  Blair"  left  Huntingdon  for  Hol- 
lidaysburg, bearing  the  committee  of  arrangements, 
Mr.  Taggart,  superintendent  of  the  Juniata  division, 
Edward  F.  Gay,  principal  engineer,  a  number  of 
young  men  attached  to  the  engineering  corps,  and 
some  ladies  and  gentlemen.  Accessions  to  the  num- 
ber were  made  at  each  town  along  the  route.  At 
Alexandria  salutes  were  fired  by  the  citizens  and  re- 
sponded to  by  a  cannon  from  the  boat.  Williams- 
burg was  reached  at  ten  o'clock  p.m.  The  houses 
were  illuminated,  and  the  arrival  of  the  little  vessel 
greeted  with  music  and  volleys  of  musketry.  Here 
the  passengers  tarried  the  night.  At  ten  o'clock  on 
Wednesday  the  "James  Clarke,"  towed  by  four 
horses,  left  its  moorings,  and,  in  company  with  es- 
corts from  Frankstown  and  Hollidaysburg,  proceeded 

At  Frankstown  the  fleet  met  a  cordial  reception. 
Here  the  visitors,  numbering  about  three  hundred, 
dined,  and  then  set  out  for  Hollidaysburg,  which 
point  was  reached  about  sunset.  In  the  evening  the 
houses  were  illuminated,  a  ball  given,  and  a  public 
meeting  held.  At  the  latter,  John  Scott,  of  Alexan- 
dria, presided,  assisted  by  Thomas  Jackson  and  Henry 
Beaver  as  vice-presidents.  Samuel  Royer  and  Joseph 
Adams  acted  as  secretaries.  Resolutions  commend- 
ing the  policy  of  the  State  in  regard  to  internal 
improvements,  congratulating  the  people  on  their 
progress,  the  contractors  for  the  prompt  and  faithful 



thr    Ik 


execution  of  their  contrai/ts,  ete.,  repnrtcil  by  a 
mittee  consisting  of  Daviil  R.  Poiter,  Joim  i  rr-uell, 
J.  George  Miles,  James  M.  Bell,  and  Janic.  '  <('nnn<.r, 
were  unanimously  adoiUed.  The  Huntingdon  excur- 
Bionists  arrived  at  home  on  Friday  evening-,  highly 
delighted  with  the  trip  and  the  hospitality  extended 
them  en  route.  Many  marks  of  gratification  of  the 
inhabitants  along  the  line  were  noticed.  In  jiassing 
the  farm  of  Abraham  Boyles,  a  soldier  of  the  Revo- 
lution, he  ajipeared  aloiu^  nii  thr  bank  ol'  the  canal, 
and  gave  a  salute  with 
turned  by  three  cheers  I 
The  old  gentleman  made 
"This  is  a  greater  event 
Thiif  had  sn/nr  enemies  ;  l/ils  \r.i-  none" 

The  opening  of  thr  .anal  to  ib.llidaysbm-  luarkc.l 
the  beginning  of  the  raj'id  ami  suli-tantial  growth 
enjoyed  by  that  towti  for  twcj  decades. 

James  K.  Moorhead,  supervisor,  selected,  in  Feb- 
ruary, 1833,  the  following  lock-tenders  for  the  Franks- 
town  line: 

No.  ],.T(.hri  Dailv;  2  and  :!,  Alexander  Lowry;  4, 
John  S,..ili„aii  ;  .'.  and  i',.  ( ■liri.tian  (iau-t  ;  7,  William 
McAvoy;  .s,  Daui.-l  ( 'loppi-r ;  M,  X.W.Orecn;  10  and 
11,  I'hilii.  Caiip;  1:^,  John  Miller;  l:;.  1'.  \V.  Mat- 
thews; H  and  1.-,,  KolM-rt  .MeCutehenii;  Hi,  William 
Potter;  17,  Henry  Kepliart  :  IS,  M.  1'.  Hinwh  :  I'.i, 
John  Dunnellv;  '.io,  .laeol,  Cl.aze;  21  an.l  22,  John 
Hutchinsnn  ;  2::  and  24,  Tli.mias  .Me.Millen  ;  27,,  .folin 
Kennedy  ;  2(J,  Daniel  Mullen  ;  27  and  28,  Robert  Mc- 
Farland;  29,  John  .\rmitage;  30  and  31,  Moses  F. 
Cromwell  ;  32  and  33,  John  Martin  ;  34  and  37),  James 
McUonell;  M.  Ja.'ol,  Lnngenecker;  37,  James  Mc- 
Cauley;  3'.i  and  4ii,  (ieorge  McDonough  ;  41,  John 
Nash;  42  and  IM,  Truui]). 

The  lollowing  exhibits  tlie  business  transacted  at 
the  collector's  office  at  Huntingdon  from  the  opening 
of  tlie  canal,  in  the  spring  of  1833,  until  the  31st  day 

Kistwiinl  ... 


This  tonnaL 


:i.ri22,!iB:!  Hm. 

J.auM   c-ii-u,.ll.  Iron,  Luwist.iwii  to  Huntingdon,  ai.|ii.ii,tt.d  St-pl. 

J.,ni.s  K    M hr.ul,  from  lift  loi'k  bi'side  .tugluvit-k  diini  1..  lli.-liea( 

th-- 1 ii-1  ;il">vf  Ilnntingdoii,  appointed  April  5,  ls:U. 

JmImi  \\  liiti.ik.-r,  Jr.,  from  IloUidaysbtirg  to  Aughwick  dam,  apiioin 

M„KC'3  .1.  I  lai  k,  Hollidaysbnrg  to  PGtcr<l,m-g,  a|.r.oiiitpd  Kcl,rua 

William  Keed,  from  Petcitljurg  to  Aiighwick  dam,  a]ipoint.-d  Febrna 

William  Rpfd,  from  Hollldajsliurg  to  tlie  Ea.vstoivn  liranch  .lam,  F 

John  Wliittaker,  Jr.,  from  the  Itiystown  Branch  dam  to  the  dam 

David  Wni  111,  I IN    v.]    ■,  1 1  t!i,; : :    II  Main  to  Ilollidaysburg;  re 

P.  AndeiS'Mi,  ai.iK.inted  Kili.  J,  Isl'.i;  reappointed  Jan.  21,  IS.ii 
tan.  29,  1851. 
?s  A.  Cunuiiighum,  appointed  Jan.  ;iO,  18.'>2;  reappointed  Jan.  1' 


ited  March,  1836. 
led  Fel.rnary,  1838, 

led  Fehinary,  1839;  reappointed  February,  1840, 
•bruary,  1842,  February,  1843. 
nte.l  January,  1844;  reappointed  January,  1845, 


ipointed  Ja 

(.pointed  Feb.  2,  1819  ;    reu|ip..inlL-.l  Jan 
111.  3(1,  1852  ;  reappointed  Jan.  IS,  1853, 

ary,  1843,  February,  1844. 




dn  lin 

e  of  the  State  public  works  were  sold 
-n  in  an  act  of  the  Legislatiire  passed„,„l.,.,.„„„v. 



n<l  the  P,-nnsylvani;i  Itailn.a.l  Com- 
he    pnieluHer.     .Me;intiine,  the    "  new 





had   been   instructed  over  the  Alle- 





n  to  av.i.l  the  in. -lined  plane.s.     Some 

the  olhcers  oi 



r   th,. 

sale,  the  pui-.-lias.r  removed  the  iron 




'..rlag...  an.l   the  canal   in 



sections  from  HoUidaysburg  down  to  the  Huntingdon 

The  Pennsylvania  Railroad.— Various  projects 
for  the  construction  of  a  railroad  across  the  State 
from  east  to  west  were  discussed  from  time  to  time, 
and  surveys  of  various  routes  made,  but  no  decisive 
action  was  tal^en  until  April  13, 1846,  when  the  Penn- 
sylvania Railroad  Company  was  incorporated  by  act 
of  the  Legislature,  with  an  authorized  capital  of  seven 
and  one-half  million  dollars.  Among  the  commis- 
sioners named  for  the  purpose  of  receiving  subscrip- 
tions to  the  stock  of  the  company  the  following  were 
residents  of  Huntingdon  County  :  John  George  Miles, 
John  Ker,  A.  P.  Wilson,  Edwin  F.  Shoenberger,  Ben- 
jamin Leas,  John  McCahan,  John  Long,  Brice  Blair, 
Thomas  E.  Orbison,  Edward  Bell,  William  Williams, 
and  John  Porter.  John  Edgar  Thomson  was  chosen 
chief  engineer,  and  entered  upon  his  duties  iu  the 
early  part  of  1847.  On  the  23d  of  July,  a  corps  of 
engineers  arrived  at  Huntingdon, and  began  explora- 
tions in  the  vicinity  of  the  borough.  On  the  19th  of 
May,  1848,  thirty-nine  sections  of  the  road  were  let 
at  Huntingdon.  The  contracts  for  the  portions  of  the 
line  in  Huntingdon  and  Blair  Counties  let  at  this  time 
were  awarded  as  follows  : 

Section  No.  87,  Thomas  Dolan;  No.  88,  MoIlduff& 
Dougherty  ;  No.  89,  A.  &  P.  Martin  ;  No.  90,  Salsburg 
&Bro.;  No.  91,  Saxton&  Anderson;  No.  92,  Becker  & 
Gros;  No.  93,  George  Scott;  No.  94,  Charles  Murray 
&  Co. ;  No.  95,  Charles  Murray  &  Co. ;  No.  96,  James 
McMahon  &  Sons;  No.  97,  White,  Wolf  &  Co. ;  No. 
98,  E.  &  J.  McGovern;  No.  99,  McMurtrie  &  Fisher; 
Np.  113,  Carr  &  Thurlow;  No.  114,  George  Leibrick 
&  Co. ;  No.  115,  John  McGran  &  Co. ;  No.  116,  Mc- 
Cue  &  Gillespie  ;  No.  117,  W.  P.  Sterrett  &  Co. ;  No. 
121,  E.  Sankey  &  Co. 

In  June,  1850,  the  road,  with  a  single  track,  was 
completed  to  Huntingdon.  On  Thursday,  the  6th, 
the  first  locomotive  arrived,  and  on  the  next  day 
trains  ran  regularly  between  this  point  and  Philadel- 
phia. The  papers  of  the  day  regarded  it  as  evidence 
of  wonderful  progress  when  the  distance  from  Phila- 
delphia lo  Cincinnati  could  be  accomplished  in  three 
days  and  six  hours.  On  the  17th  of  September,  1850, 
trains  began  to  run  ria  Altoona  to  Duncansville,  where 
connection  was  made  with  the  Portage  Piailroad.  On 
the  10th  of  December,  1852,  trains  were  run  through 
from  Philadelphia  to  Pittsburgh.  The  Mountain.di- 
vision  of  the  road  was  not  completed  until  Feb.  15, 
1854,  when  the  first  trains  passed  without  using  the 
inclined  planes. 

The  Bald  Eagle  Valley  branch  extends  from  the 
main  line  at  Tyrone  through  Bald  Eagle  Valley, 
touching  at  Bellefonte,  fifty-four  miles  to  the  Phila- 
delphia and  Erie  Railroad  at  Lock  Haven.  It  was 
leased  by  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  Company  in 
1864.  The  Tyrone  and  Clearfield  branch,  leased  in 
1867,  extends  from  Tyrone  forty-one  miles  to  Clear- 
field, with  lateral  roads  extending  into  the  Clearfield 

bituminous  coal  region  in  the  valley  of  the  Moshan- 
non  Creek.  The  Bell's  Gap  ( riarrnw-i;.iii,Ljv)  runs  from 
Bell'sMills,  or  Bellwood,intollic  AllrL'huiiycoal  field. 
From  Altoona  branches  run  to  HoUidaysburg,  Wil- 
liamsburg, Morrison's  Cove,  and  to  Newry. 

The  heights  in  feet  of  the  principal  stations  on  the 
main  line  and  branches  in  Huntingdon  and  Blair 
Counties  above  the  mean  level  of  tlie  Atlantic  ocean, 
and  distances  in  miles  from  Pliiladelidiia,  are  as  fol- 

The  Huntingdon  and  Broad  Top  Mountain  Rail- 
road.—In  January,  1847,  David  Blair,  member  of 
the  House  of  Representatives  from  Huntingdon 
County,  introduced  a  bill  to  incorporate  "The  Hun- 
tingdon and  Broad  Top  Mountain  Railroad  Com- 
pany." It  was  passed  by  both  houses,  but  vetoed  by 
Governor  Shunk.  He  objected  to  the  large  quantity 
of  land,  five  thousand  acres,  which  it  was  proposed 
to  authorize  the  company  to  hold,  as  well  as  to  other 
powers  conferred.  At  the  next  session  another  bill 
was  prepared,  passed  by  both  houses  and  approved 
by  the  Governor,  but  an  organization  of  a  company 
was  not  effected.  On  the  6th  of  May,  1852,  another 
bill  incorporating  "The  Huntingdon  and  Broad  Top 
Mountain  Railroad  and  Coal  Company"  received  the 
approval  of  Governor  Bigler.  By  August  a  sufficient 
amount  of  stock  had  been  subscribed  to  warrant  the 
application  for  letters  patent.  The  first  election  for 
directors  was  held  in  the  borough  of  Huntingdon, 
Monday,  Jan.  10,  1853,  when  the  following  gentlemen 
were  chosen  :  William  Ayres  (president),  James  Sax- 
ton,  A.  P.  Wilson,  James  Entrekin,  William  P.  Schell, 
Alexander  King,  John  Scott,  Lewis  T.  Watson,  and 
John  H.  Wirtrode.  The  board  was  immediately  or- 
ganized, and  Jacob  Miller  chosen  treasurer,  and  Sam- 
uel W.  Mifflin,  chief  engineer.  An  engineering  party 
was  soon  organized  as  follows:  Joseph  Mifflin,  assist- 
ant engineer ;  Peter  Van  Devander  and  J.  Simpson 
Africa,  levelers;  John  B.  Johnson  and  George  Eys- 
ter,  rodmen;  A.  S.  Ennis  and  George  M.  Houston, 
slopemen  ;  John  Wright,   back   flagman  ;    Nathaniel 


Williams  and  diaries  A.  Ciwin,  chainiiien  ;  George 
Westbrook  and  Alexander  Coulter,  axemen. 

On  Friday,  January  28tli,  the  survey  was  coui- 
Bienced  and  pushed  without  interruption.  The  main 
Jine  from  Huntinirdon  to  Hopewell  was  let  on  the 
2Sth  of  June.  On  Momlay.  July  MO,  18.35,  the  engine 
"Beaver''  passed  over  th.-  road  tor  the  distance  of 
eight  miles,  and  on  the  l-llh  ..I'  Au^'ust  trains  com- 
menced to  make  regular  tri]i<  daily  as  far  south  as  to 
Marklesburg  station.  By  the  close  of  the  year  the 
line  was  opened  to  the  bridge  at  Stonerstown,  and  in 
February  following  the  first  coal  was  carried  by  rail 
to  Huntingdon.  During  the  summer,  the  line  was 
opened  to  Hopewell,  and  soon  after  to  Mount  Dallas, 
a  distance  of  forty-five  miles.  Branches  called  SIuuip's 
Run,  Six-Mile  Run,  and  Sandy  Run  extend  eastward 
into  the  Broad  Top  coal  region.  The  cost  of  the  road 
and  equipment  was  $4,41 2,1()3. 23.  The  nuiid)cr  oltous 
of  coal  carried  in  1881  was  518,42U;  pig  metal,  23,223 
tons;  iron  and  other  ores,  48,904  tons.  At  Mount  Dal- 
las connection  is  made  with  the  Bedford  and  Bridge- 
port Railroad,  leased  to  and  operated  by  the  Penn- 
sylvania Railroad  Company,  and  trains  are  run  daily 
direct  between  Huntingdon  and  Cumberland.  Md. 
The  present  officers  of  the  company  are :  President, 
B.  Andrews  Knight;  Secretary,  J.  P.  Donaldson; 
General  Superiutendeiit,  George  F.  Cage. 

The  East  Broad  Top  Railroad.— Simultaneous 
with  the  movements  lnoking  towards  the  construction 
of  a  railroad  from  Huntingdon  to  reach  the  western 
side  of  the  Broad  Toji  coal  field,  efforts  were  made 
to  organize  companies  to  build  a  road  from  Mapleton 
or  Mount  Union  to  the  ea-teni  side.  Jleetings  were 
held  at  .several  points  in  tli.'  sciuiheastern  part  of 
Huntingdon  County  to  awaken  the  citizens  to  the 
importance  of  the  project.  The  result  was  the  grant- 
ing of  a  charter,  March  24,  1848,  for  the  formation  of 
the  "Drake's  Ferry  and  Broad  Top  Railroad  Com- 
pany," but  subsequent  efforts  to  organize  the  company 

The  East  Br.,ad  Top  Kaih-oad  an.i  Coal  Company 
was  organized  under  an  a«i  api.rov.d  A|.ril  lil.  1  s.ld. 
The  work  of  con^trurlion  was  eomnieiieed  on  the 
16th  of  Septemhrr.  1^72,  and  the  road  opened  for 
business  tli  Orliisonia,  a  <lisiance  of  eleven  nules  from 
its  northern  terminus,  .M.miit  T'nion  Station,  on  the 
Pennsylvania  Itaihoa.l,  on  the  :;(iih  of  August,  187;;, 
and  to  Robertsdal,.,  the  southnn  teniiiim^,  on  the 
4th  of  November.  I  s74.  Th..  len-lli  of  the  main  line 
is  thirty  un\,->:  -aiiL-e.  llirer  feet,  Tli.-  cost  of  the 
road  wa^sIMI  !l-.s-  ,l„.eo-i  of  , I,,  equipment  was 
$li;:;,77ii.2o.  d'lir  oHi.vr,  arr:  I'reMdenl,  William  A. 
Ingham;  Vice-l-rrMdr,,!,  IMuard  Roberts,  Jr. ;  Sec- 
retary and  TreaMirer,  W,  P..  .Jacobs:  Chief  Engineer, 
General  Manager,  and  Cciieral  Superintendent,  A. 
W.  .<iins.  During  ls,sl,  143,449  tons  of  bituminous 
Coal,  19,117  tons  of  pig  metal,  and  25,219  tons  of  iron 
and  otlh-r  ores  were  carried  over  the  road. 



Sideling  Hill  tuunel.. 

The  altituile  of  some  of  the  mountains  above  ocean 
'vel  is  as  follows  : 

Jii.k's,  13:5 

i;..uiid  kil 


miles  uorth  of  AToun 




)    "  '  !!!^!!!!!!!!!!!!!!^ 


''  ''"'"'"!!!Z.  2412 


iii„i,t  ',','.'',,[ '..^'_'' 






i:akly  settlemi:xts— x.-i.ME.'^  of  the  noNEER."^. 

Tin:  first  settlements  within  the  limits  of  Hunt- 
ingdon County  were  doubtless  those  made  by  the  per- 
sons wdiose  cabins  were  burned  by  order  of  Secretary 
Peters  in  the  suinmer  of  1750,  near  the  village  of 
Burnt  Cabins,  and  probably  extending  northeastward 
therefrom  along  the  Tuscarora  Valley.  These  were 
unwarranted  intrusions  upon  unpurchased  lands,  and 
tlie  scjuatters  therefore  acquired  no  title.  Andrew 
Moiiiour  having  earnestly  and  repeatedly  applied  for 
prniii>sion  to  live  in  some  of  the  plantations  over  the 
nine  Hills,  Governor  Hamilton,  by  the  advice  of  the 
( 'oiineil.  on  the  18tli  of  April,  1752,  issued  a  commis- 
sion to  him,  reciting  the  fact  that  many  persons  had 
gone  and  were  continually  going  over  the  Ivittatinny 
-Mountains  to  settle,  jiotuiihstandiiig  the  repeated 
procdainations  against  .-udi  |. radices,  and  that  he  had 
represented  that  he  could  be  serviceable  alike  to  the 
government  and  the  Si.K  Nations  in  keeping  people 
from  settling  on  the  unpurchased  lands,  in  consider- 
ation of  which,  license  and  authority  was  given  him 



to  reside  in  sucli  place  over  the  mountains,  found  to  1 
be  central  and  convenient  for  the  purpose  named. 
Montour  settled  on  the  north  side  of  Sherman's  Creek, 
on  the  Elliott  farm.  Perry  County.     His  name  is  per-  i 
petuated  in  the  designation  Montour's  Run.' 

George  Crogh.-ix. — George  Croglian,  a  conspicu- 
ous character  in  provincial  times,  an  Irishman  by 
birth,  was  licensed  in  1744  as  an  Indian  trader.  In 
1748  he  purchased  land,  and  became  a  resident  of  1 
Cumberland  County.  In  1750,  as  one  of  the  ni:ii,'is- 
trates  of  that  county,  he  accompaiiii'd  SciTctary 
Peters  in  his  visits  to  the  trespassers,  and,  as  appears 
by  a  letter  of  his  dated  June  10,  1751,  he  yet  resided 
southeast  of  the  Kittatinny  Mountain.  Soon  there- 
after, possibly  under  authority  similar  to  that  granted 
to  Andrew  Montour,  he  took  up  his  residence  at  I 
"  Aucquick,"  now  Shirleysburg,  for  it  is  found  in  the 
proceedings  of  a  conference  held  by  the  commis- 
sioners appointed  on  behalf  of  the  provincial  authori- 
ties, with  representatives  of  the  Six  Nations  and  other 
tribes  at  Carlisle,  in  October,  1753,  tliat  the  Indians  ' 
proposed  that  any  presents  intended  tor  them  should 
be  sent  to  "George  Croghan's  house  at  Juniata."  In 
the  instructions  of  the  Governor  to  James  Patten, 
•  who  was  sent  in  December  of  that  year  on  a  journey 
to  the  Ohio,  he  was  directed  to  call  "  at  George 
Croghan's  at  Aucquick"  and  consult  with  him. 

The  strife  between  the  English  and  French  for  the 
possession  of  the  Ohio  Valley  was  reaching  a  crisis 
which  would  be  settled  only  by  the  arbitrament  of 
the  sword.  The  latter,  sweeping  down  from  their 
Canadian  colonies,  were  enlisting  the  sympathies  and 
services  of  the  Indians  on  the  frontiers  and  alien- 
ating their  support  from  their  English  rivals.  As 
early  as  1749,  Capt.  Celeron,  commanding  a  detach- 
ment sent  by  the  Captain-General  of  Canada  to  take 
possession  of  the  lands  along  the  Ohio  and  its 
branches,  deposited  at  Venango,  Forks  of  the  Ohio, 
and  Kanawha,  leaden  plates  as  monuments  of  the 
"  renewal"  of  their  claim  to  dominion  over  the  region 
drained  by  those  streams.  Col.  George  Washington 
was  sent  by  the  Governor  of  Virginia  with  a  small 
military  force  to  occupy  the  Forks  of  tln'  (Miin.  but 
before  reaching  his  destination  was  attacked  at  Fort 
Necessity,  by  a  body  of  French  and  Indians  much 
superior  in  numbers,  and  compelled,  on  tlie  4th  day  of 
July,  1753,  to  surrender  his  defenses  and  retrace  his 
steps  nvri-  the  Alh'ghenies. 

Sum.'  Indian-  liiendly  to  the  English  interests  im- 
mediately moved  eastward  towards  the  settlements. 
Croghan  writes  to  Lieutenant-Governor  Hamilton 
from  "Aucquick  Old  Town,  Aug.  16,  1754,"  that 
"The  Half-King  Scarrooyady  and  several  other  In- 
dians, with  their  wives  and  families,  have  been  here 
since  Col.  Washington  was  defeated,  and  about  twelve 
days  ago  come  here  the  young  Shawanese  king  from 
the  lower  Shawanese  town,  and   several    more  with 

him,  and  Delaware  Or,,rL;e  and  several  other  Dela- 
wares  came  Ihtc  Iroiii  the  Fniirh  Inrl."  Coinci- 
ding with  the  vi.'ws  .,r  hi-  Indi.iii  L'ue-ts,  (  ni-han  sug- 
gested that  the  govcrnineiit  ii]U>t  move  quickly  and 
vigorously  or  the  <  )hii)  lands  wmild  he  lost.  A  confer- 
ence was  proposed  tn  be  held  at  his  place  in  ten  days. 
His  letter  was  laid  brloiv  ih.^  Couiu-il  <,n  Thursday, 
August  22(1,  and  it  was  then  dnidrd  tliat  Conrad 
Weiser  should  be  inmirdiatcly  sent  with  some  money 
and  a  letter  of  instruction  to  Aughwick.  He  set  out 
from  home  on  the  27th  of  August,  and  r(>ached  liis 
destination  on  the  3d  of  September.  In  the  account 
of  his  transactions,  he  stated  that  Croghan  had  had 
between  twenty-five  and  thirty  acres  of  the  best  In- 
dian corn  he  ever  saw,  and  c(}unted  above  twenty 
caliins  about  his  house,  and  in  thorn  at  least  two  hun- 
dred Indians,  men,  women,  and  rliihlic  n,  and  that  a 
great  many  more  were  scatttred  therualiDuts,  some 
two  or  three  miles  off.  The  extent  of  the  cleared  and 
cultivated  land  and  the  number  of  cabins,  indicates 
that  Croghan  had  been  a  resident  there  for  a  consid- 
erable time.  Beginning  with  the  moniin-  of  tlu-  4th, 
the  conference  occupieil  several  days,  Wriscr  leaving 
on  the  morning  of  the  8th.  There  wire  present  In- 
dians of  the  Seneca,  Oneida,  Cayuga,  and  Mohawk 
tribes  of  the  Six  Nations,  and  some  Hejaware--  and 
Shawanese.  Croghan  complained  to  tlie  government 
of  the  great  expense  that  he  was  subjerled  to  in  pro- 
visioning his  Indian  guests,  and  stated,  .Vngust  :;oth, 
that  they  had  already  almost  destroyed  thirty  acres 
of  corn.  Under  date  of  May  1,  1755,  he  writes 
Governor  Morris  from  "  Aucquick"  that,  pursuant  to 
his  instructions,  he  will  set  out  the  next  day  witli  all 
the  Indians,  except  tlie  women  and  children,  to  join 
Gen.  Braddock.  It  appears  that  some  of  the  women 
and  children  accompanied  him,  on  joining  Brad- 
dock  the  general  refused  iieriiiission  ibr  them  to  ac- 
company the  army.  Croghan  then  proposed  that 
they  should  go  nearer  the  settlements,  but  they  de- 
clined, saying  that  they  had  fixed  on  Aughwick  for 
their  residence  until  the  war  was  over,  and  as  many 
women  and  children  were  there  planting,  they  were 
determined  to  return.  Croghan,  in  a  letter  dated  at 
Fort  Cumberland,  May  20th,  says  there  will  be  about 
one  hundred  and  twenty  women  and  children  left 
behind,  and  suggests  that  if  provisions  are  purchased 
and  sent  to  his  house,  his  brother  would  deliver 
rations  to  them  daily.  After  the  defeat  of  Braddock, 
July  9th,  Croghan  returned  home,  and  notwithstand- 
ing he  learned  from  an  Indian  from  Ohio  a  rumor 
that  the  French  and  their  allies  would  make  a  de- 
scent upon  the  frontiers  during  the  coming  winter, 
and  who  advised  him  to  leave  Aughwick,  he  com- 
menced the  erection  of  a  stockade  fort,  and  by  the  9th 
of  October  had  it  nearly  completed.  In  this  move- 
ment he  was  acting  out  the  suggestion  made  by  Sec- 
retary Peters  in  December  previous.  On  12tli  of  No- 
vember he  had  .about  forty  men  with  him,  but  in 
view  of  the  aiiprehended  apfjroach  of  hostile  Indians, 



he  was  fearful  lie  couM  noi  iiiinnt.iiri  |".~si->»i.iii  I.ihl'. 
The  fort  was  contiminii-ly  i.irupii.l,  hi.w.vrr,  until 
some  time  in  the  sprini:  nl  IT'iii.  iluriiiL;  wliirh  time 
it  was  strengthened  by  direction  of  the  |ir.>vineial 
authorities  and  christened  Fort  Shirley.  !)iniiii;  his 
career  as  a  trader  among  the  Indians,  he  wa-^  sn  lib- 
eral in  his  dealings  and  so  jirofuse  in  his  presents  to 
the  natives,  that  with  the  losses  sustained  by  the 
French,  who  seized  and  appropriated  great  quantities 
of  his  goods,  he  became  embarrassed  financially,  and 
in  view  of  his  services  to  the  government,  the  As- 
sembly, Dec.  3,  1755,  passed  a  law  exempting  him 
from  arrest  for  debt  for  ten  years.  It  does  not  appear 
that  he  resided  at  Auglnvick  or  F'ort  Shirley  after  the 
summer  of  17515,  but  still  claimed  the  land.  A  survey 
without  a  formal  warrant,  but  by  the  consent  and  di- 
rection of  the  proprietaries,  was  made  by  Samuel 
Finley  for  Croghan  on  the  14th  of  October,  17G2,  of 
a  tract  containing  four  hundred  and  twenty-four 
acres,  called  "Old  Town,"  "situated  on  Aughwick 
Creek,  where  Fort  Shirley  stood."  This  tract  be- 
came the  property  of  James  Folay,  to  whom  it  was 
patented  Oct.  19,  1773.  He,  with  Mary,  his  wife, 
Jan.  2i),  1776,  conveyed  it  to  Paul  Warner,  of  Mary- 
land. Croghan  owned  numerous  other  tracts  on  the 
Aughwick,  at  Shade  Gap,  Huntingdon,  Alexandria, 
and  other  places.  (See  map.) 

Peter  Sheayer  was  licensed  as  an  Indian  trader 
in  1744.  He  settled  upon  the  west  side  of  Shaver's 
Creek,  near  its  junction  with  the  Juniata,  at  a  date  not 
known.  The  warrant  was  taken  out  for  the  land  by 
Samuel  Anderson,  Nov.  9,  1784,  and  it  was  certified, 
on  the  oaths  of  Thomas  Mitchell,  Oliver  Walliss,  and 
John  Walker,  that  the  improvement  was  made  in 
1754.  The  creek  received  its  name  from  Sheaver, 
who,  it  is  said,  was  niiiniered  some  time  liefore  17(i'>. 
(See  Logan  township,  i 

In  1744,  L.\z.u:i  s  am.  .F.\mi;s  L.iwky  were  li- 
ceuse<l  us  Indian  trader^.  The  fir^t  land  wairaiit 
issued  for  the  upper  part  of  the  Juniata  \'alli'y  in  the 
purchase-  ,,r  17.'.4  wa-  -ranted  FcU.  :;,  17."."..  t,'.  .lames 
Lnwry,  >uppn>,.d  to  lie  one  ..f  the  aliove-iiamed  traders, 
fur  three  hundred  acn-s,  -  inclndin.i:  a  meadow  (j.i  the 
Si-rin-  r.r.mi-lie-.  the  .,ld  Indian  tnwn  .,f  the  ,<l,aw- 
anesc  and  Delawaivs  .■alled  Krank-tnwn,  on  the 
Cranches  ,,f  .Inniala."  .\  >nrvey  ,.f  tlire,-  hundred 
and  ninely-llnve  ami  three-!,.urth~  acres,  niade.lnnc 
I.-.,  17(;.-.,\  patented  .March  -s,  17S:;,  and  called 
"Frank-town,"  and  described  as  .itmitcd  at  the  old 
Indian  b.wn  n(  the  .-^hawaiicM'  and  Dclawar.s  called 
Frank^tMwn.  'flic  warrantee  conviycd  to  .lames 
Lowry,  the  patentee,  by  deed  dated  .\pril  l-'.,  17.-.7. 
Thcacvpledlraditiun  i.thal  the  name  ..f  tli  i- Icealil  v 

the  same.  In  1770  and  1771  it  i>  ciiarged  to  James 
and  Daniel  Lowry's  heirs. 

On  the  same  day  that  James  Lowry's  warrant  was 
granted,  five  others  were  issued  for  lands  in  the  same 
region,  to  wit:  James  Rankin,  three  hundred  acres 
adjoining  Lowry,  and  including  "  an  Indian  cabin 
called  the  Little  Hunting  Cabin  ;"  Alexander  Lowry, 
three  hundred  acres,  upon  which  a  survey  of  two  hun- 
dred and  fifty-seven  and  one-half  acres  was  made, 
called  the  "Canoe  Place;"  Samuel  Smitii,  three  hun- 
dred acres;  Edward  Johnston, one  hundred  acres,  in- 
cluding the  "  Sleeping-Place  at  the  Big  Spring  at 
Frankstown  Hill;"  and  James  Sterrat,  four  hundred 
acres.  Alexander  Lowry's  warrant  was  executed  ou 
two  hundred  and  fifty-seven  and  onedialf  acres  at 
and  below  the  mouth  of  Canoe  Creek. 

John  Hart,  who  began  to  trade  with  the  Indians 
under  his  license  of  1744,  had  a  feeding  or  lodging 
place  at  Alexandria,  and  "  Hart's  Log"  Valley  per- 
petuates his  name.  He  did  not  purchase  any  lands 
nor  efi'ect  any  permanent  settlement.  The  warrant 
for  the  land  was  granted  Feb.  3,  1755,  to  James  Ster- 
rat, for  four  hundred  acres,  "  including  the  bottom  at 
the  Sleeping-Place  called  John  Hart's  Log,  on  the 
waters  of  Juniata."  Further  details  about  the  settle- 
ments on  this  and  adjacent  lands  will  be  given  under 
the  head  of  Porter  township. 

On  May  26,  1755,  John  McDowell  applied  for  three 
hundred  acres  "  at  a  place  called  the  Burnt  Cabbins, 
at  Aucquick ;"  and  William  Maxwell  for  three  hun- 
dred acres,  "including  Falkner's  and  William  and 
Thomas  Thompson's  improvements  at  Aucquick," 
and  two  hundred  acres  at  a  place  called  the  "  Three 
Sjirings,  on  the  Rays  Town  Road  at  Aucquick." 
Warrants  were  not  granted  on  these  applications,  but 
the  descriptions  serve  to  identify  localities.  The 
Kalkner  here  mentioned  is  doubtle^>  the  I'eter  Fal- 
coner described  in  Secretary  Peters'  report  of  his 
visit  in  1750.    .Maxwell   lived  near  the  Burnt  Cabins. 





p  then  incliuled  all  of  tlie  area  of  Huntingdon  County 
i.itaunJ  eii5t  of  Sideling  Hill,  also  a  considerable  part  of 
Tlie  valuation  is  omitted.  Abl.reTiatious;  a.,  acres; 
ws  ;  cl.,  cleared.  Those  taxed  with  horses  or  cows  can 
lents.    The  others  were  generally  non-re.sideuts.] 

uel  Wharton,  residents  of  Philadelphia  al 

rid  ill  the  valley  of  the  Juniala. 

)  on  Aughwick  Creek,  near  Meadow  Ga 


Calvert,  Thonms,  and  Steel,  Rpv.,  200  ,i. 

McMurtrie,  David,  Liltle  Ilell,  100  a. 

CampMe,  Francis,  Esq  ,  150  a  ,  10  c. 

Morris,  William,  Little  Hell,  200  a.'o 

Clnirletc.n,Samnel,200ii.,  10  c. 

Owens,  David.  1  1,.,  1  c. 

Daj  ly,  Jaines.l  ;iO0  a  ,  20  a.  cl.,  2  h  ,  1  c. 

Patrick,  I'.ter.  1  1,. 

Davenport,  Jusiali,  100  a. 

Ralph,  1  i-ol   ,I;,.ii.,,-l"ii  a.  Three  Springs." 

Elliot,  Beiijaniin,  100  a.  patented,  3  a.  cl. 

Hick.-t.    /i.  iiri.,-.  l-.i  ;,  Little  Hell. 

Elliot,  Rol.ert,  1.50  a.,  4  a.  cl. 

Smith,  \\,l\,„u.  1,.  I, '■ 

Elliot,  James,  100  8.,  6  a.  cl. 

Trent,  c.i'i    Uilli.tii.  l-".la. 

Elliot,Jolin,  100  a.,  4  a  cl. 

Watsoti,  Itohert,  1  1,. 

Hener.v,  Georges  .3011  a.,  3  a.  cl. 

Watson,  Jiimes,  400  a.,  1  h.,  1  c. 

Ilarh,  i.lKe,  Georffc,  160  a.,  6  a.  cl.,  1  h. 

Watson,  Samuel,  1  h. 

Holt,  IIenr.v,  l.'.O  a.,  1  c. 

WalliiiK,  Thomas,  50  a.,  7  a.  cl,,  1  li.,  1  c. 

Hunter,  .lames,  200  a.  patented. 

Wanl,  Maj.  Edward,  sundry  surveys.  2900  ». 

Harvey,  Robert,  l.iO  a.,  4  a.  cl. 

War.ler,  Jer-miah,  IGOO  a.,  IS  a.  cl.,  1400  on  Augl.wick. 

Hunter,  Jauies,  2iio  a  patented,  near  Black  Log 

200  a 


ed,  Augh- 

Wallace,  William  &  Co.,  and  Caleb  Jones,  1000  a.,  Cluggage's  Valley. 

Lukens,  Jolni,  lOsq., surveyor-general  at  Great  Meadows,  near  Aughwick,    I 


James  Cluggage,   George   Cluggage,    Robert   Watson,   James   Watson, 
Joseph  Justice,  Thomas  Jones,  Robert  Kelsey,  James  Bennot,  Sam- 

Tlie  list  for  1770  contain.^  names  that  do  not  appear 
on  those  for  the  preceding  years,  as  follows  : 

Thompsuu,  Capt.  William,  300  a.,  4  a.  cl.,  near  the  Great  Meadows. 

In  the  list  for  17(59  the  following  names  occur  that 
were  not  on  the  assessment  of  the  previous  year : 

Armstrong,  .Tohn.  Esq  ,'  1000  a.,  12  a.  cl 
Ale.\ander,  ilimdle.  Path  Valley,  200  a.,  3  a.  cl. 
AriMstniog,  George,  Col  ,  COO  a.,  some  improved. 

James  Cluggage,  Robert  Cluggage,"  George  Cluggage,  Robert  Calloy, 
William  Everet,  Robert  McKnight,  William  McCall,  Robert  Mal- 
comson,  James  Watson,  Samuel  Watson. 

Bedford  County  was  erected  from  Cumberland  by 
the  act  of  March  9, 1771,  and  Dublin  township  was  in- 
cluded therein.  Bef(*e  the  new  county  was  organized 
the  assessment  for  that  year  was  made,  and  as  many 
new  names  and  changes  occur  it  is  presented  entire  : 

ng,  301 

,  Path  Valley,  100  a 

of  the  Black  Log  Gap.    The 

<  Valb-y." 

uck  Mills,  now  Shirley  town- 

Carmichael,  John,  Little  Hell,  200  a 

I  Black  Log  Valley. 

■  Run,  Shirley  township. 

('ill.  .J. dill  .-\rmstiong  and  Richard 
Mill  cli»liirt,if  Cumberland  County, 
Ml,  I, lid  Inciited  many  of  the  surveys 
I    Coiiiilies  from  17t>2  to  1767.     Some 

I  poll  which  a  part  of  Mount  Union  is  built. 

i[    I    A  ,n  li  the  borough  of  Three  Springs  is  located. 

1     Ml    JIcGarvey  farm  and  some  adjoining   lands, 

I- j.ij.    \\:is  afterwards  a  justice  of  the  peace,  and  a  mili- 

Hevoliiti.inary  times. 

Lin  Aughwick  at  and  including  the  mouth  of  Black  Log 

the  junction  of  Black  Log  and  Shade  Creeks,  Cromwell 


Carmklm<-1,  .1: 


s,  i;.n  1 



111,,  r 

a.  c 

ClLfKaXf,  V.,:, 



Dol.u,l,.v,  .I.,l„ 


li.,  1  <■ 

Diivis,  l!.iith..l 


■W,  -111 


Doj  lo.  I>;ivi.l, 


u.,  4  li 

cl.,  Jo» 



4  a 

Eliut,  Ht'iijanii 


Ull  a., 




.  r.  ii. 


3U0  a.  ill  W.KiJcMck  VuIIl- 

It.  on  Tliree  ripiiiiss  Uun. 
oak  Valley, 
ittl.-ton,  300  a.  on  Augliwick,  ailjoiuing 

Kore.  Jacob,  100  a.,  10, -i 

Henry,  Willi 
Holt,  Hem  y, 

,  4(iOa  at  the 

,,,  .-I  .  ..u  Shaver's  rr.-ek. 

Wondcmk  Valley ;  40  a.  Totman's  Island.' 

r,  100  a.  on  Frankstoivn  Branch. 

i.lock  Valley. 

'.,!.;;  1  l,(K)(l  a.  on  Sinkhole  Valley  ;' 


iVilli.iMi,  ca[it  ,  :;iin  a.  ailj.  Starn-t;  I'nm  a.  .adj    Duflicld.  I'anoe 

&  Co.,  COO  a.  adj.  Gamble,  up  Frankstown  Creek  ;  5000  a.  east 
ich  of  .luniilta  ;--  15110  a.,  and  0000  a.  recovered  of  Mr.  Elli.'t,  east 
icli  of  the  waters  of  Juniata,23  surveyed  by  Robert  McKinuy; 
1  a.  adj.  ('apt.  Brady. 
\Iaj.   Edward,  300  a.  Ward's  Cain  ;    150U  a.  Ti.iiigh  Creek,  Ju- 


Iroiii  tlie  Cumberland  Valley,  and  settled  in  Woodcock 
r  McConnellstoivn.  He  sold  his  land  tlierc,  and  moved 
ne  (Huntingdon),  where  his  son,  Gen.  Hugh  Brady,  was 
^e  afterwards  removed  to  Northtiiuherhind  County. 

south  side  of  Jnniatjj,  above  Alexandria,  now  Porter 

ulhoon,  Ja 
•town,  Jan 

n,"  lived  on  the  side  of  the 
!  mouth  of  Coffee  Run.  From 
of  "Tatman'stlap,"  in  Terrace 


1  the  Barree  list  for  1769  the  following  additional 

names  appear  : 

Allisun,  Piitrick  &  Co.,  1000  a 
Allison,  Rev.  Pi-.,  2li0ii.3 

Allison,  John, 'JOU. I. 
AiiJerson,Siiiunfl,  inoa.,  Si 
Agiiew,  John,  150  a.s 
Bond,  Phin«is,-.iOOii. 
BoggB,  Andrew  600  a. 
Beaver,  Williiun,  3:10 a. 
Bradj-,  John 


Brady,  SaiiumI,  1  house  and  lot,  I  h.,  I  c. 

Brady  &  Henderson,  2000  a.  back  of  Tussey  Mo 

Clark  &  Peters,  1000  a. 

Cox,  Dr.  John,  600  a. 

Chew,  BeiijiiMiin,  Esq.,  500  a.« 

Conts,  Benjamin,  201)  a. 

Caldwell,  Kohert.'  I.iO  a.,  10  a.  rl  ,?,no  a., 2  h.,  2  , 

Carnahan,  .lohn,  1  hoM-s,.  an^i  l..l.L'h,lc. 

Cani|iMe  Cleary,  Jn  ;i  .  .^i  !i.  .1  .  J  h  ,  1  c. 

,,,,2  h.,  2C.13 

Murlrey,  Da\id,  300  a.-- 

Melchar, ,  400  a. 

Mould,  Anthony,  50  a.23 
McBride,  James,  150  a. 
McGaw,  David,100a. 
Moore,  Zehnlon,  100  a., ; 
Nllson,  William,  Mo  a.» 



,  3  sheep.2 

PoltiH'.v.  1       I  )i,  1  "'    .i  .  Branch  of  Bald  Eagle. 

Kippey,  \\illi.,iii,:;iju,i.-- 

Bobeits,  Joseph,  300  a.,  i  a,  cl.,2  h.,  2  c.29 

Shea,  John,  600  a. 

Shirley,  William,  20  a.,  13  a.  cl,,  2  h.,  1  c." 

Saunders,  Benjamin,  250  a  ,  10  a,  cl.,  4  h.,  2  c.^i 

Troy,  Michael,  GOO  a. 

Thompson,  Suranel,  150  a.,  12  a.  cl.,2  h.,  2  c.32 

Wallace,  John,  deceased,  lOOO  a. 

Wallace,  William,  000  a. 

Wolf,  George,  200  a. 

Wetherton,  William,  100  a. 

Weston,  John,  Sr.,  150  a.,  8  a.  cl.^" 

Jacks.m.G ge 

Johnston,  W.llia 
Kidd,  Benjamin, 

i.wnship,  Beilford  Co: 

Mordecai  Go 

nel,  William  Risle,  John  Parker,  John  Mont 


John  Long,  and  Anthony  White. 


nal  names  are  ibiind  in  the  list  f 

foUow.s  : 

Anderson,  Si 

muel,  1(10  a.,  20  a.  cl.,  25  a,  2  a.  cl.,  3  h.,  5  c. 

Anderson,  Daniel,  lOO  a. 

Bowers,  John,  2  h.,  2  c. 

Boquet,  Col.,  l:iOO  a. 

Beckbough,  Jacob,  lOU  a.,  3  a.  cl.,  1  h. 

Caswell,  llolielt,  1S4  a  » 

Hutchison,  George.  :!Oii  a.  Shaver's  Creek 

Heather,  George,  TO  a. 

Leauiy,  Daniel,  2  h.,  1  c. 

Little,  James,  3  h.,  2  c. 

Mclll-M>-i.  Willi. iii'i--' 

,  50  a 

(in.-  sniilliwc^l  sidr  iif  tile  Little  Juniata,  opposite  Barree 

11  the  bend  of  Riiystouii  Branch, at  the  Southend  of  Haun'i 

(.,  b  ,x..  Iiir.l  I.   ai  ],.  ,  I  -A  ,u  I,  ,,t   -la, v,.r'3  Creek. 

nl  I  i^iib  li  ..II  r :,.      I  I        1.1    .    .    ii    .  ■.    il  ..VL.  JacUstown, 

Hi,lLiii.     Thr  .la  i„i a   ■  1^  .-  Mill,     '■•■  I  wliicli  the  turn- 

letween  Jackstowu  and  Biidgepurt,  ua.,  derived  from  this 

Raystown  Branch. 
Riystuvii  Branch. 
...iiic.f  II Id  laud  titles -'Frederick,  the  Dutchman,"  lived 

..filia   II, tiiiiisons  of  Mill  Creek.     He  is  supposed  to  have 

111 la  Ii  win  farm  in  Union  township, 

Ill,,  mouth  of  Hare's  Valley,  and  resided  there. 

I.  h..  became  a  Tory,  and  his  land  was  confiscated 

)He  owned  the  "Old  Town  tract"  at  Frankstown. 

I  Little  Valley,  Penn  township, 

=  Shaver's  Creek  Valley. 

'  Raystowii  Branch. 

«Lu,.d  on  Raystowu  Branch. 

5 Supposed  to  be  "  Nelson,"  Shaver's  Creek  Valley. 

'At  the  Falling  Spring  and  other  places  in  Standing  Stone  Valley. 

;  Pi  idmnro  owned  and  lived  on  the  Mill  Creek  tract,  Brady  township, 

1  bnilt  lb.-  first  mill  there  about  1770  or  1771. 

■Ill,  l:  ,\-i.i\Mi  r.raiii  Ii,  Lincoln  township. 

'-Mill  l,.,i-i,.«ii  l;i,  Penn  township. 

iLiv.l   111    I' ah  1  reck  valley,  near  CassviUe.    "Shirley's  Knob" 

i|.i^    I      .  Ill    .      a  r.ianch,  Lincoln  township. 

=  1.  I  II  lirm,  Juniata  township,  Huntingdon  Co. 

.M,i>     :     a   I:   HI     .,  II  ih.iuch,  above  the  moutli  of  the  Kippling  Run, 

I  Shaver's  Creek  Valley. 
>  Probably  intended  for  S 
■■  Lived  on  Riiystown  lirii 


Shoaf,  Uustoii,  ITiO  ;i,,  1( 
Tealiurn,  IMiilip.  100  a. 
Wills..!!,  William,  100  r 

J..|.n  Sl.iiv.i,  .iMhii    I-,!l,.., 

Kfllj,J..l,ii  K.lly,  .■<.,l,.ni.. 

A.l.litinnal   names  ai 


Bl.vtlii',  lioiijaii.iii,  JiBJa. 

Bosliai',  S.<i!!iid,  :'.00  n.,  6  a.  cl., 

Beljoiit,.)acoli,M0a.,5a.  cl,  1 

Bowers,  .luhn,  anil  Jati!e8  Littlo 

taiy  Iract,'  ■>  li.,  2  c.  to  Bon 

Beech,  W.iMorcil,  100  a-,  2  a  cl 

Chestnut,  William,  700  a. 

Cross,  G.rilelins,  .".0  a ,  2  a.  cl.,  1 

Clark,  Walt..r,«l()Oa.,,  2 

China,  Robert. 

Croghan,  George,  200  a.  adjoin 

Philil)  Stoiier. 

runlop,Jan!e3,  lllOa. 

riower,  James,  60  a.,  3  a.  cl.,  1 

Denneston,  James,  mill-carpent 

Heather,  George,  200  a.,  10  a.  el 

Hartsock,  Peter,  2  li.,  2  c. 

Hicks,  Lewis,  400  a.,  0  a.  cl.,  1  1 

Igo,  Peter,;  1  h.,  2  c. 

Kleygar,  Anlh.ii!y,  40a.,2a  cl 

Leaoe,  Daniel,  renter,  1  h.,  1  e. 

Lukeiis,  John,  Esq.,360a.atth 

LOW.-.V,  James,  and  Daniel's  liei 


Mo..!-,  Levy,*  100  .1.,  Oil.  rl.,  2  h 

II.!gh  Guthrie,  Jarol, 



100  a. 

^.W.(i-ini.;  Freemen. 

Joseph  China, 


\s  Beebout. 


e  act 

erecting  Bedford  Coun 



9,  1771) 

fi.xerl  the  J 


a  River  as  the  line 

from  a  poi 

nt  below 


tun  H 


on  up  to  Shaver'.^ 


reek,  lit 

nee  that 


(if  th 

3  ter 

itory  now  embrat 


in   Hii 



ty  wl 


lies   north  of  tlie 


ver   an. 

east  of 


er's  C 


remained  in  Barr 



p,  Cum- 


M.l  C< 

.,  un 

il  anne.\ed  to  Be.lf.i 

.1  by  th 

•  aet.s  of 


and  1 


The  assessment  ( 


his   ihiu 





by  the  ('uniberl: 



ities,  for 


wa.s  a 

s  foil 

jws  : 

Maclay,  S.uuuel,  lliO  a.  bought  of  William  P.itt.-rson,  on 

McKnight,  John,  deceaseil,  estate,  three  :iOO-a.  tract.s, 

McKnight,  William,  2.W  a.  on  Shaver's  Creek. 
Mcl.eavey,  William,  300  a. 
McKnight,  Al.'xan.lei-,  1.50  a. 

VOOOa.oli  the  Wani,.r'»  Slark; 

cross.l!gof  Frankstown  Brand.  ;12  l;joo  a.  at  the  Gl. 
Oulery,  David,  20  a.,  2  a.  cl.,  1  h.,  I  c. 
Patterson,  James,  ISO  a.  opposite  the  moi!th  of  the  Juni. 
Poage,  James,  ISO  a.  upper  crossin-  of  ^r,lnU^town  Brai 

Prigni.iro,  J.)seph,n  160  a.,  5  a.  cl.,  1  gnst-inill,  2  li.,  3  c. 
Pettieoiit,  Doisi.y. 

II. .pew.  II  l,,^v,l^l,ip. 

2  Shaver's  Cie.-k  V.iUey. 

»So|..mori  l.'.)rsliey,  who  lesi.led  in  : 

family  Finshey's  O.ip,  in  TeriMco  .'Monii 
<  One  of  the  linililers  of  the  mill  at  tl 
»  The  Manor  of  Halt's  Log.  l>„rter  tt 
•Lived  on  the  waters  of  nig  T,ongh 

.,  111.,  a.  on  Juniata  River.=3 
.1 ,  .1  a  cl.  on  Juniata  River.! 

.  Whitaker  lauds,  Hart's  Log  'Valley,  Porter  township, 
tiino  oil  Standing  Stone  Creek.  The  Itickolses  were 
>me  resided  in  Hill,  Spruce  Creek,  and  Warrior's  Murk 

ved  i 

"The  old  Phmiiiaii  farm. 

==  Peter  Van  Pevander,  Virginia, settled  upon  t 
Brady  township, and  there  reareil  a  large  family.  An 
Pet..r,  Abraham,  I.-.aa.-,  Jac.l.,  and     Danghtei 



land    t..   tli^  i.lacB  ,,r  tlm   wiU.t 

The  following  is  copied  from  a  niaiuiscript  diury  of 
Rev.  Philip  Fitliiaii,  who  left  his  home  at  Greenwich, 
N.  J.,  May  9,  1775,  for  a  tour  through  Delaware,  Mary- 
land, and  Pennsvlvania,  and  at  a  Preshvterv  held  at 
West  Conocochca-Mc  <  'liurch  ( near  Mcrccrsburg,  Pa.  I 
was  comniis>i(iniMl  to  vi>it  ('(•ntr:d  Pennsylvania  a^  a 
supplytothc^cattcrt■(l  rrcsliytcrian  Cliurclics.  ( )n  his 
return  from  Kisliacoquilhis  Valley  he  passed  through 
the  territory  of  Huntingdon  County.' 

Under  date  Monday,  Aug.  21,  177."),  he  draws  near 
the  town  of  Huntingdon,  and  the  diary  continues, — 

•■nsitily  siifl  to  the  nioutli,  and  tliose 

1  e.Rh  ,1 

cast  I  slioiild 

esiape  no 

Letter  myself,  Uefore  I  arrived  w 



tuwn  I  l.iitoii  my  surto 

It  and  cocked  up  my  hat  in  the  best 



tranger,'  e 

Jid  a.tall  youngster  to  me  as  I  pu 

rst  f.».t 

n  tlie  porch. 


-  iMLstler  here 

?•  I  asked 


...1  from  Lelo 

V,  strange 


'■■, g  ill  lllOSilddl 


let  thehorse  coul  before  you  give 


pall.. 11. 

f  f.als  ' 


|i|..|    Mlli 

p.-ring  about  me  on  the  porch.    Some' 

Miii-h;    1 

■■>. IS 

■   .1.   1. ■Jilt. 

s  appointed  to  the  treaty  with  the 


.111-  ui.i 

.■    h.-lil    111 

•  Pitt.  Some  thought  I  was  a  1 


l.lier,  s.. 

lu-  Unit  I  will. 

a  t.ruken, 

absconded  mercbaut,  eoiue  that  1 


Tu,y  flj 

ng  from  km 

hstkk  vengeance.     I  supped,  however,  and 


,  Au{jitst  22d.~\  spent  the  i 

ir  of  Canada  withal 
'  Warm  Springs,'  foi 

bubbles  in  a  piece  of  land  which  is  al^iiost  level.    Tliere  is 
uit  of  a  few  feet  from  the  highest  part  uf  tlie  neighboring 

1  by  Hon.  John  Blair  Linn,  of  Bellefonte.,  useful  friend,- 



las,  gave 

lu  asu 

ill  nea 


k  horse  of 

lour  years 

old  and  a 

half  fori 

ly  old  con 



"  Havi 


I  left  ti 

u  n  in 


.y  with  M 


and  roilt 

down  the  river,  a  stony  pa 

h,  thro 

ack's  Narr 

the  liigl 

8  on  eacl 

side  of  the  w 

ter  c 

me  down 

t.i  Its  very 

bank,  so 

that  in  pi 

ces  we  we 

e  fore. 

i  to  go 


on  llie  wi 

lei's  e.b.e 

We  cms 

ed  over  t 

le  water. 

This  i 

one  e 

d  of  Hell  Valb-x 

■  said  Air. 


tu  me,  as 

we  were  , 



u  site 

Mce,  about 

ten  miles 

onward  i 

1  a  gap  W 

tween  Uie 

bills  w 

lich  is 


the  Shade 

of  Death. 


rvoniiig  at  Mr.  Fowlej's,  «  ho  lives  within 

.'.    Dislnnci;  fr.mi  town  twenty  niih-s. 

-I  had  alnxist  forgotten  to  tell  the  person 


."FISCATIOX    OF    Till-:    ESTATES    OF    TK.' 


tuins;  from  ' 
:  along  the  V 

.n,  and,  with  all  hU  army,  gone  off.    This  in  my 

//*. — The  weather  is  wet  and  very  muggy.  All 
'  back  settlements  are  remarkaldy  strong,  fresli, 
en  only  one,  the  young  man  in  Xorthninherland, 
any  kind  of  fever.  With  Mr.  Clngaue,  I  r.ide 
■  to  the  Shades  of  Death  to  fish.    Ofwick  f'reek 


Ijy  Mrs.  Clngage's  pathetic  i 
a  eompaiiy  of  ritiemeu  to 

"  Sufiibitj,  Anijust 

Amon(;  the  early  enactments  of  tlie  (ieneral  As- 
seiiihly  under  the  Constitution  of  1770,  was  one  "  <le- 
claring  what  shall  be  treason,  and  what  other  crimes 
and  practices  against  the  state  shall  be  misprision  of 
treason,"  passed  Feb.  11,  1777.  In  each  county  there 
were  inhabitants  who  still  adhered  to  the  crown  and 
directly  or  covertly  assisted  the  enemies  of  American 
independence.  That  the  line  between  friend  and  foe 
might  be  distinctly  drawn,  the  General  Assembly,  by 
act  passed  June  13th  of  the  year  named,  required  all 
the  white  male  inhabitants  of  the  State  to  take  and 
subscribe  an  oath  renouncing  all  allegiance  to  George 
the  Third,  king  of  Great  Britain,  and  pledging  them- 
selves to  be  faithful  and  liear  true  allegiance  to  the 
commonwealth  as  a  free  and  independent  State.  The 
justices  before  whom  the  oaths  were  made  and  sub- 
scribed, were  required  to  keep  registers  of  them,  and 
to  transmit  annually  a  list  of  the  names  of  the  per- 
sons sworn  to  the  recorder  of  deeds  of  the  proper 
county,  who  was  enjoined  to  record  the  same.  The 
justices  were  also  required  to  give  a  certificate  to 
cvtry  person  who  had  taken  the  prescribed  oatii.  On 
the  opposite  page  is  a  copy  of  a  certificate  transcribed 
fri>iij  the  original. 

Tlie  (Jcneral  Assembly,  by  act  i>asscd  Marcli  C, 
1778,  after  naming  a  number  of  prominent  citizens  of 
the  commonwealth  as  having  "most  traitorously  and 
wickedly,  and  contrary  to  the  allegiance  they  owe  to 
the  said"  State,  joined  and  a.lhcrcd  to,  and'still  do 
adlicri'  to,  :,ii,l  kiinwiii-ly  and  williii.oly  aid  and  assist 
the  army  olthr  kin;;  ol  ( inat  Mritain."  and  command- 
ing them  to  appear  Inr  thiir  trial  lor  such  treason  on  or 

ami  attainted  of  hij-'h  tn-:i>on,  niithorizcd  the  Supreme 
Executive  Couinil  to  coniiDaiHl,  \>y  public  i>roclama- 
tion,  all  persons,  sul jiit>  or  inlialiitants  of  the  State, 
or  tliose  owning  real  estate  tlicnin,  aiding  or  assisting 
the  .■ncinics  of  this  State  or  of  the  I'nitcd  States,  to 
nnilcr  tlnni<clves  on  or  before  a  day  ti>  be  named,  to  tliiir  trial  for  treason,  or  alter  that  day  to  stand 
and  lie  attainted  of  high  tivasnn,  an.l  suircr'suc-h  pen- 
allies    and    forfeitures^  a,   person,    attainted   of   liigh 

■lamation  ot  the  CoihkiI  i^-n.-.l  (),t.  od, 
.'  others,  John  Caniplieli,  William  Canip- 
Little,  Edward  Gibbons,  and  James  De- 
inberson's  Valley;  Andrew  Smith  and 
m,  of  the  township  of  Lack  ;  Joseph  King 
II  Wright,  of  Path  Valley:  Doniinick  Mc- 
oliii  .<iilhveli,  of  the  lown-liip  of  Tusca- 
Ihr  county  of  Cunilierland:  Richard 
till-  township  of  Frankstown,  and  .lacob 
lael  Hare,  and  Samuel  Barrow,  of  the 
I  r.arrre  and  county  of  I'lcdrord,  with 
r  cliarged    with    having    adhered   to   and 


knowingly  and  willingly  aided  and  assisted  the  ene- 
mies of  this  State  and  of  the  United  States,  by  having 
joined  their  armies  within  this  State,  and  were  re- 
quired to  render  themselves  for  trial  on  or  before  the 
15th  day  of  December  following,  or  thereafter  suffer 
the  penalties  and  forfeitures  prescribed  by  law. 

In  Council,  May  29, 1778,  agents  for  the  confiscated 
estates  were  appointed  for  the  several  counties  and 
instructions  to  them  adopted.  Those  for  Bedford 
County  were  Robert  Galbraith,  Thomas  I'rie.  ami 
John  Piper.  On  the  29th  day  of  January,  l7SI,.l,,hii 
Canan  and  Gideon  Richey  were  apiMiinti-il,  and  cm 
the  15th  day  of  November  in  the  same  year,  Michael 
Cryder  was  named  in  the  room  of  Mr.  Canan.  By 
proclamation  of  the  20th  day  of  March  of  this  year, 
"Henry  Gordon,  now  or  late  a  military  officer  in  the 
British  service,  now  or  late  of  the  township  of  Ken- 
nett,"  in  the  county  of  Chester,  was  commanded  to 

one  hundred  and  seventy  pounds."  "Thf 
(June  11,  1782),  recurring  to  the  pnichmialid 
March  the  twentieth,  1781,  on  wiiii-h  the  ai 
Harry  Gordon  and  the  seizure  nf  saiil  Irart  n 
said  to  be  founded,  observes  tliat  lliiiiv<l 
there  called  upon   to  render   hiinsclf  ami   a 

lute  tlie  property  of  Harry  (inrduii,  weie  unaii 

i>f  land  is  void  and  of  none  effect." 

In  ail  act  passed  the  31st  day  of  Januar 
al'ler  reciting  the  misnomer,  provided  that  i 
Gordon  shouM  not  r.Mider  himself  fur  trial  •< 
fore  the  24th  day  of  .Inly  then  next  en-^uin-. 
seizure  and  sale  ulreaily  maile  sh.iuld  he  ei> 
Gordon  did  not  appear,  and  on  the  lM  day  ol 
deeds  were  executed  by  the  Council  to  .lame 
for  the  two  tracts  for  the  consideration  named. ' 

',  1783,' 


I   DO  hereby  certify,      That 

hath  voluntarily  taken  and  fitbfcribed  the  Oath 
or  Affirmation  of  Allegiance  and  Fidelity,  as  di- 
reBed  by  an  Acl  of  General  Affembly  of  Penn- 
fylvania,  paffed  the  ijth  day  of  fane,  A.D. 
1777.  Witnefs  my  hand  and  feal,  the  i^th  day  : 
of  October  A.D.   1777.  : 

(Q^  '       JOSHUA  ELDER. 


Printed  by  JOHN  DUNLAP. 

render  himself  on  or  before  the  first  day  of  November 

Messrs.  Richey  and  Cryder,  after  giving  due  juiblic 
notice,  sold  at  tlie  court-house  in  Bedford,  on  the  ISth 
day  of  April,  1782,  a  tract  of  land  containing  alioiit 
three  hundred  acres,  situated  in  Hopewell  townshiii, 
"  a  little  above  Jack's  Narrows,  the  late  property  of 
Jacob  Hare,"  to  .A[icliael  Huffiiagle,  Esq.,  "  for  and 
in  trust  for  James  R.  Reed,  a  major,  and  Capt.  Sam- 
uel Brady,  for  the  sum  of  six  hundred  and  fifty 
."  They  also  made  return  of  the  sale  of  a 
tract  in  Frankstown  township,  "containing  about 
eighteen  iiundred  acres,  divided  into  two  tracts,  the 
one,  containing  about  fourteen  hundred  and  ninety- 
five  acres,  sold'to  James  W Is,  of  the  eounty  of  Cum- 

the  other,  containing  three  liumlred  and  twenty-five 
acres,  sold   to  the  said  James  Woods   for  the   sum  of 


'd  posses- 

and  the  persons  holding  und 
sion  until  1805. 

Seven  hundred  and  fifty  acres  of  the  larger  tract 
had  become  vested  in  the  devi.sees  of  Adam  HoUiday; 
lour  hundred  and  sixty-two  and  three-fourths  acres 
had  become  vested  in  David  Hayfield  Conyngham,  of 
Philadel|)hia,  the  possession  of  the  remainder  not 
having  been  obtained  by  him,  and  the  smaller  tract 
of  three  hundred  and  twenty-five  acres  became  the 
property  of  Daniel  Martin.  These  persons  were  by 
judgment  of  the  Circuit  Court  of  the  United  States, 
rendered  at  April  sessions,  180.5,  evicted  from  the 
parcels  mentioned,  by  Harry  Gordon,  an  heir-at-law 
of  the  attainted  Harry,  on  the  ground  of  his  misno- 
mer in  the  early  proceedings  of  the  Council. 


The  Legislature,  at  tlie  sessinn  of  isiii,-;,' appro- 
priated ten  tliousand  six  Imndri-il  and  twentv-ix  dol- 
lars to  Conyii^diam  and  the  exrrutor-  of  Jlolliihix .  to 
be  apporlioiK-d  hy  Daviil  Struart,  Andrew  Hender- 
son, and  .l.iha  Caiiaii,  according  to  the  value  of  the 
lands  at  the  time  ol'  llolliday's  purchase,  and  one 
thousand  two  linndnd  doUars  to  Martin  as  eoni|.on- 
sali.ui    lor  his   eviction    Iroin    tlie    three   hundred   and 

M..niil;,ii,,  «li.,r-  th..  n.a 

1  f..niierlv  called  Potts'  road  crosses  thes. 

:il.-ut  tnc.  miles  liortlluf 

-iltlelori ;  thence  t.y  a  sIraiKlit  line  to  Ilio 

(i,,l',  H'Siili-lii.KlIill.  wl. 

re  Sidelins  Hill  Creek  crosses  ti.e  mount 

lh.„..-  in  a  Blnii-lit  till.- 

l.y   the  northerly  side  of  .Sebastian  Sho 

11. Ul.  .,!■  tli(!  Kaysl.nv,,    I 

ranrl,  nf  ,;,l  i :   theme  en  a  flraijibl  t. 

Elk  Gals  in  Tukwv's  M 

■-tun.  .  ^11,1   11.-. 1  I..  Ill-  al.i.iit  nineteen  I 

above  or  soiuhwest.r  h  -  I 

n„    t     >n    .1  lluolin-.inn.lformerlycalle. 

Slan.IinKStoiic,  a.M  li.., 

Cm.    1.11.  0,|,,  ,:,   :,  sl,,,i-lil   1  i  I,-,  to  llo'  -i 

Hare's  real  estate  consisted  of  four  adjoining  tracts 
of  land,  situated  on  the  south  side  of  the  Juniata 
River,  including  the  borough  of  Mapleton,  and  ex- 
tending therefrom  up  the  river  and  up  Hare's  Valley. 
These  tracts,  containing  over  four  hundred  acres,  were 
confirmed  to  Frances  Reed  by  patents  issued  in  June, 

■  F    i(il-XTY    BUILDINGS. 

Stanmuxi:  ••^to 
don,  on  the  Jnni 
in  !i  few  years  : 
Settlements  wen 
adjacent  valleys. 
Bedford  Conntv 

•ards  known  as  Hunting- 
the  traders'  road,  became 
considerable  importance. 

ong  the  river  and  in  the 

under  C(jnsideralio 

i,..n  th 

c  I'.ithof^^  i 

opposed  bv  ilcs^r 

.  Whit 

liill,  of   runilierlan.l, 

Findhy,  ofWoin 


,  an.l  l.y  .M 
'aiian  lof  Bedford  |,  ai 
.•.1  in  an  eflbrt  to  hav 

Clvnier.      Mr.  f.n. 

lav  lai 

mea.Mire  po>l| c 

,  an.l   .. 

1  a  test  vote,  reacheil 

dav,    it   was    |i:i--e 

1    l.v    a 

.lechled    majority.     I 

peared  in  the  di-c 

11,-1. Ill, 

that   twelve 

fiftv  of  the   inlial.i 

till'   pro|...s.Ml   new  .■. 

prayed   for  it,  e,e 

■ti..ii,  a 

1.1   ,ixty-niiie  re,ii.,ii,t 

against   it.     On   tl 

.■     11. 'Xt 

.lay,   .-^ept.^    L'lUh 

bill  was   c.nnpate. 

an.l    1 

nallv   enacted.      \   pa 

the  text  of  the  ImI 

11. .ws: 

■■Sfic.l.    ItV,cr«..<,  II  1, 

,1 ,.„, 

1 ,,,..,1    ,„  ,1„,  0,.„..ral  A. 

of  this  8tate.  l.y  Uo^ 

l..T..ri;s  . 

11.  il   |i,ic  ..f  l;,-.ll,inl  .',.... ilv 

lies  on  the  waters  ottl.o 


..     11., .1.1    1,    ..1    .I.1III..I,,,   11...    1    ,u 


■■  ""•■-l-""'"'^  S' V..I1..V, 

from  the  counties  of  Nortliumberlaud,  Cumberland  and  Fmnklin,  to  tlie 
I.l..ce  of  beginning." 

The  town  of  Huntingdon,  on  the  river  Juniata,  was 
fixe. 1  upon  as  the  seat  of  justice  the  new  c.ninty, 
and  Benjamin  Elliott,  Thomas  Duncan  Smith,  Ludwig 
Sell,  George  Ashman,  and  William  McElevy^  ap- 
pointed trustees,  who,  or  any  three  of  whom,  were 
authorized  to  take  assurance  and  conveyance  of  and 
for  the  land  and  grounds  proposed  to  be  appropriated 
in  said  town  for  the  site  of  a  court-house  and  jail. 
Courts  were  to  be  held  on  tiie  first  Tucs.hiy  in  the 
months  of  December,  March,  June,  an.l  Si'plember. 
The  voters  of  the  county  were  atithorize.l  to  choose 
one  representative  to  siave  in  the  General  Assembly. 

It  h. •comes  a  matter  of  s.iine  interest  at  this  dtiy, 
nearly  a  century  aft. a'  the  ].assage  . if  the  bill  to  create 
tlii>  new  county,  the  eighteenth  of  the  commonwetilth, 
t.i  ti.jte  the  views  thereon  expressed  by  contempora- 
n.'..iis  writers.  In  The  Pci,iifi//vfui;a  Packd  and  Daibj 
Adr,;iis,r.  a  lea. ling  jiaper  of  Philadelphia,  in  the 
i--u.'  .if  .-^eiit.  lil,  17>^7,  under  the  hea  ;ing,  "General 
.\ssenibly,  Wednesday,  Sept.  IPth,"  the  measure  wag 
thus  treated: 

"Tl..   l.illf.irerertingpartof  inl..a  n.-w  c .ty,  which 

ShipiLMisburg  to 

A.  tof  loll,  til,  1S07. 

■  Henderson  and  Riclnr.l  ; 



0  etvifciiLcu 

<?/^^^../.L. ....  .,^  ,,:^  ojmiJtui^ 



*'Tlie  friends  of  the  bill  observed  that  it  had  origiuated  in  the  first 
aessioiiB  of  this  house,  and  if  it  has  been  at  all  disagreeable  to  the  citi- 
zens who  were  to  be  affected  by  it,  counter  petitions  would  certainly  have 
been  presented.  But,in  truth, it  was  a  measure  highly  favoured  by  the 
people,  and  would  be  equally  advantageous  to  the  State  at  large  and  to 
the  particular  district  comprised  within  the  proposed  boundaries, — to  the 
State,  by  ira|)roving  our  internal  commerce  and  facilitating  our  trade 

with  the  western  coitntriei 
obliged  to  travel    eighty 

curred  by  the  State  upon 
gendered  by  the  Conetitiii 
and  conveniences  of  the  ci 

1  the  prs 


old  I 

of   the   Fox 

iBhed,as  Dr.  Smith  presented  a  lot  of  ground  for  the  scite  of  a  court-house 
and  gaol,  and  the  greater  part  of  the  money  necessary  to  erect  these  build- 
ings would  be  furnished  by  a  voluntary  subscription. 

"  The  question  being  put,  the  bill  was  taken  up  by  paragraphs,  and, 
after  a  few  amendments  in  describing  the  boundaries  of  the  new  county, 
called  Huntingdon,  it  was  ordered  to  be  engrossed." 

Early  Election  Districts.— At  the  time  of  the 
separation  tioni  Bedford  County,  the  territory  of 
Huntingdon  was  embraced  in  three  districts,  to  wit : 
the  third,  fifth,  and  sixth.  The  fifth  and  sixth  were 
divided  in  tlie  formation  of  the  new  county,  but  the 
voting-place  for  each  fell  within  its  limits. 

The  fourth  district  was  formed  in  1794,  and  con- 
sisted of  the  townships  of  Woodberry  and  Franks- 
town  and  that  part  of  Allegheny  township  that  lies 
west  of  the  Widow  Edingtou's.  The  elections  were 
to  be  held  at  the  store-house  of  Alexander  McDowell, 
in  Frankstown  township.'  The  third  district  was  to 
comprise  Franklin,  Tyrone,  and  Morris  townships 
and  that  part  of  Allegheny  that  lies  east  of  the 
Widow  Edington's,  and  the  elections  were  to  be  held 
at  the  house  of  Capt.  Alexander  Ramsey,  in  Franklin 
township.'^  The  fifth  and  sixth  districts  were  formed 
in  1797.'  The  former  embraced  Woodberry  and 
Morris  townships,  and  the  place  of  elections  fixed  at 
the  house  of  Robert  Smith,  in  Williamsburg ;  the 
latter  included  all  the  territory  of  the  county  lying 
between  Sideling  Hill  and  Tussey's  Mountain  and 
south  of  the  following  bounds,  to  wit:  from  the 
path  on  the  summit  of  said  mountain  leading  from 
Hartsock's  fort,  by  a  straight  line  to  and  including 
John  Freate's  house  ;  thence  by  a  straight  line  to 
Forshey's  Gap  in  Terrace  Mountain ;  thence  northward 
along  the  summit  of  said  mountain  to  the  wagon- 
road  leading  from  Little  Trough  Creek  to  Huntingdon  ; 
thence  by  a  straight  line,  so  as  to  include  the  inhab- 
itants of  Little  Trough  Creek,  to  the  summit  of 
Sideling  Hill.  Isaac  Crura's  house,  on  the  Raystown 
Branch,  was  appointed  as  the  place  for  holding 

Barree  and  West  townships  in  1798^  were  made  the 
seventh  di-strict,  and  the  elections  directed  to  be 
held  at  the  house  of  William  Murray.     That  portion 

1  Changed  in  1799  to  th< 

!  Act  of  Sept.  22,  1794. 
3  Act  of  March  21,1797. 

!  of  Frederick  Crii 

of  Morris  townsliip  lying  northr 
Tavern  Kiiii  was  taken  fiom  the  lilth  tiiid  added  to 
the  tliird  district.  The  ei-htii  distrii'l.  fiirined  in 
1799,Mvas  to  consist  of  Shirley  t..wns]iip  and  that 
part  of  Springfield  lying  west  <il'  tlic  Black  Lug 
Mountain.  John  Palmer's  house  in  Sliirlryslmi-L'' was 
named  as  the  votiiiir-|ilace.  lliiMin  ti>rtii-liip  and 
the  remaining  part  of  S|iriiii;lirld  was  (iHrcnticr  to 
form  the  second  district,  and  tltf  rinlit  of  siillhiiic  was 
to  be  exercised  at  the  house  of  ( if(ii'i;;c  lltidsim.  The 
ninth  district,  ei-ected  in  ISOO,"  ronsisiid  of  lliat  jiart 
of  the  township  of  Allegheny  lyiriL'  west  of  the  sum- 
mit of  the  Allegheny  M<miit:iiii.  ('.irueliii-  -Mf(  Jiiiie's 
house  was  named  as  the  voliiiLi-placi'.  At  llicsatne 
time  that  portion  of  tlie  sixth  ilistrict  lying  north. 'tist- 
ward  of  the  following  lines,  to  wit:  Beginning  in 
Forshey's  Gap  in  Terrace  Mountain,  thence  by  a 
straight  line  to  the  mouth  of  Little  Trough  ('reek  ; 
thence  up  Big  Trough  Creek  to  I'liilip  ('iirfinaii's 
saw-mill ;  thence  by  a  straight  line  to  ilir  liin'  oi'  the 
eighth  district  so  as  to  include  the  house  of  .loshna 
Chilcoat,  Jr.,  was  added  to  the  first  disliict,  ttnd  the 
elections  ordered  to  be  held  in  the  cotirt-housc  in  the 
borough  of  Huntingdon.  A  part  of  West  towtiship 
was  also  added  to  the  first  district,  lieinu  Ih.'  purt 
lying  south  and  west  of  the  following  bonuil-,  to  wit: 
beginning  at  Tussey's  Mountain  opposite  the  head  of 
Nelson's  Run,  thence  down  said  run  to  Shaver's 
Creek ;  thence  up  said  creek  to  the  road  leading  from 
McCormick's  mill  to  the  borough  of  Huntingdon  ; 
thence  along  said  road  to  the  line  of  Huntingdon 

Court-Houses. — The  first  courts  of  the  county 
were  held  in  the  public-house  of  Ludwig  Sell,  a  long 
two-story  log  house  that  stood  on  the  northern  side 
of  Allegheny  Street,  on  lot  No.  7,  west  of  the  Penn- 
sylvania Railroad  freight  station.  The  property  after- 
wards passed  into  the  possession  of  Abraham  Haines, 
and  the  lot  is  now  owned  by  Thomas  Fisher.  It  is 
probable  that  after  the  completion  of  the  jail  and 
temporary  court-house  on  Second  Street,  the  sessions 
of  the  court  were  held  there  until  the  building  was 
burned.  The  first  permanent  structure  for  the  ac- 
commodation of  the  courts  and  county  officers,  a  sub- 
stantial brick  edifice,  was  built  on  Third  Street,  south 
of  Penn,  fronting  northward.  Third,  then  called 
Smith  Street,  was  originally  ninety  feet  wide.  To 
afford  a  sufficient  passage-way  at  each  end  of  the 
structure,  seven  feet  was  taken  from  the  lots  adjoining 
Third  Street,  making  the  entire  width  one  hundred 
and  four  feet,  and  leaving  the  passage-ways  about 
j  thirty  feet  each.  A  yard  in  the  rear,  extending 
I  towards  Allegheny  Street,  was  set  with  trees  and  in- 
1  closed  by  a  fence.  A  hall  ran  half-way  through  the 
!  basement  story  from  an  entrance  on  the  southern 
side.  From  this  hallway  a  door  led  to  the  ofiice  of 
the  register  and  recorder  on  the  east,  and  one  to  the 

Act  of  June  IS,  1799. 

of  lli-v 



office  of  the  protlionotiiry  on  the  west  si.le.  The 
court-room  occupied  the  whole  of  the  second  story, 
and  was  reached  by  a  flight  of  a  (h)zen  or  more  steps 
from  the  Penn  Street  side.  Tlie  "  bench"  was  formed 
by  a  wooden  annex  supported  by  two  stout  wooden 
pillars,  one  standing  on  each  side  of  the  hallway 
leadinf:  to  the  offices  on  the  lower  story.  Aliniit  une- 
luilf  of  the  floor  area  was  fenced  off  for  thr  .urwnniin- 
dation  of  the  judges,  lawyers,  jurors,  and  suitors.  In 
the  space  allotted  to  the  bar  were  semicircular  tables, 
useil  lately  in  the  prothonotary'sand  recorder's  offices. 
The  room  was  heated  by  two  immense  si.x-plate  stoves, 
cast  at  the  Bedford  Furnace  at  Orbisonia.  These  were 
long  enough  to  easily  admit  a  four-foot  stick  of  wood. 
At  the  western  side  of  the  door  a  flight  of  stairs  run- 
ning westward  reached  the  third  story.  On  the 
southern  side  of  the  hallway  were  three  jnry-rooms; 
on  the  north  side  and  at  the  end  of  the  hallway  were 
two  rciiims  occupied  by  the  county  commissioners. 
The  l.uililiiig  was  surmounted  with  a  dome,  in  the 
ceilinj;'  of  which  was  placed  the  bell  used  in  calling 
the  court-  and  othir  assemblages  in  the  house  below, 
and  it  wa^  niiii;  hy  means  of  a  rope  attached  to  a 
lever  on  tiie  bell-shaft.  This  bell  weighed  two  hun- 
drcil  and  lil'ly-four  pounds,  and  bore  the  following 
inscription:  "Cast  by  Samuel  Parker,  Phila.,  1798. 
William  .^luith,  D.D.,  to  the  Borough  of  Huntingdon, 
Jniiiata."'  After  the  completion  of  a  new  court- 
house in  1S4J  the  old  building  fell  into  the  possession 
of  the  borough  aiithi.ritie-,  who  iicrmitteil  it  to  be 
u.sed  for  religion-  and  puldic  niectiiiL;-  until  it  was 
demolished  in  May,  1S4S,  when  the  street  it  so  long 
obstructed  was  again  ojiened  to  its  full  width. 

By  1S39,  the  population  and  wealth  of  the  county 
had  so  increased  as  to  justify  the  erection  of  a  new 
building  better  proportioned  to  the  business  of  the 
courts  and  the  necessities  of  the  public  offices.  A 
location  on  Penn  Street  near  Fifth  was  projjosed, 
but  the  county  authorities  finally  decided  to  locate 
upon  a  plot  two  hundred  feet  siiuare,  being  lots  :;i, 
.3:i,;;:;,  an, 1  lU.  extending  from  Penn  to  Washington 
.Strrct,  ra-t  u[   Third  Streel. 

.lohn  I'adwalladcr,  an  early  s,.itler  an.l  prominent 
meiidn-rof  the  bar,  owned  and  iv-ide.l  on  the  la>t 
three  lots.  Stephen  Drury,  a  eloik  and  mathematical 
instrument  maker,  owned  lot  No.  .'.1.  i  »n  the  ilth  of 
Au-nst,  V.r.'.,  in  the  days  .,f  tl,,.  State  Inan-olUce. 
Cadwalhulcr    executed    a    inortLia-r    to    tbi'   coinmis- 

vealth  on  his  lots  for  th 
he  :nst  of  the  same  mon 
nortgage  for  oni'  linndre 

e  Leg- 

year,  transferring  the  "  lien,  right,  title,  and  claim  of 
the  commonwealth  of,  in,  and  to"  the  lots,  under  the 
mortgages  to  the  "county  of  Huntingdon,  for  the  use 
and  piir])ose  of  building  by  said  county  of  a  court- 
house and  other  necessary  buildings  for  the  said 
county,  therewith  and  thereon,  and  for  such  other 
uses  as  the  commissioners  of  said  county  shall  here- 
after determine."  A  writ  of  scire  facias  had  been 
i.ssned  on  the  Cadwallader  mortgage  in  1810,  and 
judgment  obtained,  which  had  been  revived  at  vari- 
ous times  before  the  transfer  to  the  county.  It  was 
again  revived  in  1839,  wdien  the  debt  amounted  to 
one  thousand  nine  hundred  and  forty-three  dollars 
and  twenty-five  cents.  The  lots  were  then  sold  at 
sheriffs  sale,  and  bought  by  the  county  commis- 
sioners for  one  thousand  dollars.  A  scire  facias  was 
issued  on  the  Drury  mortgage  in  the  same  year,  and 

I  judgment  obtained  for  three  hundred  and  twenty-five 

I  dollars  and  fifty  cents,  on  which  the  lot  was  sold,  and 
bought  by  the  commissioner.s.-     A  court-house  was 

[  erected  upon  the<e  lots,  the  front  line  being  in  the 
rear  of  the  Cadwallader  man-ion,  whiili  wa-  used  by 
the  carpenters  during  (he  progr.--  oi  tlie  new  build- 
ing as  a  work-shop.  The  old  well,  from  which  water 
has  been  drawn  for  more  than  fourscore  years,  is  yet 
in  use.     This  building,  two  stories  in  height,  com- 

I  pleted  and  occupied  in  August,  1842,  was  constructed 
in  the  shape  of  a  T,  and  Ijad  a  court-room  and  offices 
for  the  prolhonotary  and  register  and  recorder 
(ill  the  lower  floor,  the  offices  being  in  the  wings. 
The  commissioner's  office  was  on  the  second  floor, 
immediately  over  the  recorder's  office,  and  the  grand 
jury  room  over  the  prothonotary's  office.  Other 
rooms  on  the  second  floor  were  appropriated  to  the 
use  of  the  treasurer,  sherifl',  county  surveyor,  and 
traverse  juries.  James  and  Robert  Stitt  were  the 
contractors.  Jlostof  the  bricks  used  in  the  construc- 
tion of  the  building  were  made  and  burned  on  the 

The  snbject  of  enlarging  and  modernizing  the 
court-house  and  providing  greater  security  for  the 
county  records  had  been  discussed  for  several  years, 
and  several  times  was  included  in  the  recommenda- 
tiniis  of  the  grand  inquest.  At  November  sessions, 
1  ssl,  on  a  petition  presented  to  the  court  and  referred 
to  the  grand  jury,  the  following  presentment  was 
made : 

"  Tlie  <  J  rand  Inquest  of  the  Commonwealth  of  Pennsylvania,  inqniring 
fur  the  ci)nnt,v  of  HniitingUon,  upon  their  r,'spectivo  oatiis  anj  ntlirma- 
ti.ins,  il.i  iiiesent:  Tliat  the  building  now  used  as  a  tuuit-house  is  >lcli. 

suitors.  wilMHssi'S,  jnr.vnien,  and  the  rublic,  and  is  poorly  lighted  and 


,  the 

"  •''■■  'II "i'  •■-  "I  th.-  i'lutliunotary  and  Register  and  Recorder,  and 

"4th.  Tlie  offices  of  the  Sheriff,  Treasurer,  and  Commissioners  are  not 
IMOperly  arranged  for  the  use  of  the  officers  and  the  putdic. 

THE   CONSTITUTIONAL   CONVENTIONS   OF  1776,  1790,  1838,  AND  1873. 


":>tti.  Witiiess-ii.uins,  jiii-y-rooms,  and  convenient  out-buildings  ai-e 

"  It  is  lielievfil.  in  viaw  of  the  above  facts,  and  to  secure  the  speedy 
and  projier  adniiiiistratiin  of  justice  and  tlie  preservation  of  the  public 
records,  that  such  changes,  by  repair,  enlargement,  and  building  of  ad- 
ditions, be  made  as  may  be  deemed  necessary  to  relieve  the  above-stated 
objections,  and  they  do  so  recommend. 

"  D.  Cl.ARKSON,   Foreman." 

This  report  .was  indorsed  by  the  grand  jury  at 
January  sessions,  1882,  and  concurred  in  by  the 
court.  Of  the  several  plans  submitted,  the  commis- 
sioners adopted  one  prepared  by  M.  E.  Beebe,  of 
Buffalo,  N.  Y.  At  the  letting  six  bids  were  received, 
ranging  from  $71,300  to  193,140.50.  The  contract  was 
awarded  to  Henry  Snare  &Co.  at  the  first-mentioned 
sum.  Temporary  quarters  for  the  public  offices  were 
provided  in  the  Morrison  House,  northeast  corner  of 
Third  and  Allegheny  Streets,  in  the  month  of  June, 
and  the  work  of  removing  the  old  building  com- 
menced. At  present  writing  (November  24tli)  tlie 
brick-work  of  the  new  court-house  has  been  carried 
iilmiist  to  the  top  of  the  second  story. 

County  Buildings.— The  Jails.— The  act  erecting 
Huntingdon  ('(juiity  authorized  the  commissioners  to 
raise  by  taxation  a  sum  of  money  not  r.xccriliiig  il'oii 
($533.33),  to  be  put  into  the  hands  ol  the  inwlics 
named  in  the  law,  for  the  purpose  of  lniiMiiii;  iind 
tiiiisliiiig  :i  court-house  and  jail.  This  sum.  loLrclher 
with  about  £200  more,  chiefly  suhsciilM.d  l,y  the 
inhabitants  of  the  town,  making  an  aggregate  sum 
of  .S10()(!.()G,  was  expended  by  the  trustees  in  build- 
ing a  substantial  house  as  a  permanent  jail,  with 
provision  for  a  temporary  court-house  over  the 
same.  It  was  erected  on  lot  No.  41,  donated  for 
the  purpose  liy  William  Smith,  D.D.,  located  on  the 
eastern  sidi'  ol  Second  Street,  being  the  ground  now 
occupieil  liy  the  eastern  extension  of  Penn  Street. 
Bef  ire  it  was  iully  completed,  it  took  fire  and  was 
destroyed.  A  prisoner,  confined  therein,  was  with 
some  difficulty  rescued  from  the  flames.  The  trustees 
representing  to  the  General  Assembly  that  they  were 
under  tlie  necessity  of  contracting  a  considerable  debt 
for  ereeiiiiL:  a  new  stone  jail,  capable  of  further  en- 
largement as  occasion  may  require,  by  an  act  passed 
April  l',»,  17!I4,  the  Governor  was  authorized  to  loan 
to  the  trustees  the  sum  of  £800  ($21.33.33)  for  that 
purpose,  and  the  commissioners  were  empowered  and 
required  to  levy  and  collect  by  taxation  a  sufficient 
amount  annualiy  so  as  to  repay  the  loan  and  interest 
in  seven  yearly  installments.  The  act  of  March  9, 
17'.)(i,  authorized  tlie  commissioners  to  levy  the  further 
sum  of  fijtio  ($li;00)  for  "erecting  and  completing 
the  public  building.s." 

A  second  prison,  constructed  of  stone,  was  erected 
in  Third  Street,  near  the  southern  line  of  Church 
Street.  This  building  served  its  purpose  for  over  thirty 
years.  Some  years  thereafter,  the  erection  of  a  new 
and  third  jail  was  agitated,  and  the  centre  of  Third 
at  the  northern  line  of  Mifflin  was  preferred  by  the 
county  authorities  as  a  site,  by  reason  of  its  being  in 

full  view  of  the  court-house,  which  then  .stood  in  the 
same  street  below  Penn,  fronting  northward.  Al- 
though some  kind  of  consent  had  been  obtained  from 
the  citizens  of  the  borough  for  the  occupancy  of  a 
part  of  the  public  street  by  the  old  structure,  the 
commissioners  were  unwilling  to  commence  the  erec- 
tion of  a  new  building  on  the  ground  proposed,  with- 
out the  formal  approval  of  the  citizens  and  authorities 
of  the  borough,  and  accordingly  presented  their  re- 
quest to  the  Burgesses  and  Town  Council.  At  a  meet- 
ing of  that  body  held  Feb.  20,  1827,  it  was  "  moved 
by  Mr.  Miles,  seconded  by  Mr,  MeCalian,  that  a  com- 
mittee be  appointed  to  imiiiire  into  the  ex|iedieiiry  of 
granting  the  privilege  tothceoumv  e(iijiiiiis-,i(iiiers  of 
buildingajail  on  Smith  f  now  Third  i  Sheet.  Wliere- 
upon,  .Messrs.  .laekson,  \-aiitries,  and  Wliiltaker  were 
[  appoint, 'd  lor  that  purpo-e,  and  make  report  at  next 
mccliii-."  At  thi'  next  meetiii-,  he|,|  .Marel,  :;,  1.S27, 
the.'onnnittee  re|M,rted  tlial  the  eilizen.  h.-id  almost 
unanimously  testified  their  ap|.rol,ation  of  granting 
the  desired  privilege,  as  is  proved  by  a  paper  signed 
by  the  said  citizens  and  filed  with  the  report,  and  pre- 
sented the  following  resolution: 

"  l:>'^''!r,,l,  ]!y  tlie  Biiigesses  and  Town  ConiiLil^iiii],  Ihiit  tlie 

I  "ii-Miit  ;iinl  ii[iitioliatii)ii  uf  the  said  Burgessos  :iinl  'I'l.wii  ('umnil  are 

InT.'l.y   -iv.'ii   to  tlie  saiil  commissioners  to  builil  :i  rnmily  j.iil  at  the 

I    place   and  on  the  ground  above  described,  so  far  as  the  corporation  is 

concerned  or  is  enabled  to  do  by  the  powers  vested  in  them." 

}       The  petition  bears  the  names  of  eighty-eight  citi- 


1838,  AND   187.3. 

Congress  having  by  resolution  adopted  on  the 
15th  of  May,  1776,  recommended  to  the  Assemblies 
and  Conventions  of  the  several  United  Colonies  where 
no  government  sufficient  for  the  exigencies  of  their 
affairs  had  been  established,  to  adopt 'such  govern- 
ment as  should,  in  the  opinion  of  the  representatives 
of  the  people,  best  conduce  to  the  happiness  and 
safety  of  their  constituents  in  particular,  and  America 
in  general,  the  Committee  of  Safety  of  the  city  and 
liberties  of  Philadelphia  issued  a  circular  letter  to 
the  people  of  the  several  counties,  inclosing  a  copy 
of  the  resolution,  and  requesting  the  appointment  of 
deputies  to  meet  in  Philadelphia  on  the  18th  of  June. 
On  the  day  appointed,  ten  of  the  eleven  counties 
then  formed  were  represented,  Cols.  David  Espy 
and  John  Piper  and  Samuel  Davidson  appearing  for 
Bedford  County.  An  organization  being  effected, 
Col.  Thomas  McKean  was  chosen  president.  In  the 
deliberations  of  this  conference,  which  continued  its 
sessions  until  the  25th,  inclusive,  the  resolutions  of 
Congress  were  approved,  the  existing  government  of 
the  province  declared  insufficient  for  the  exigencies 



of  tlie  times,  and  the  callinir  of  a  provincial  conven- 
tion, for  the  express  purpose  of  forniiiifr  a  new  govern- 
ment on  the  iiutliority  of  the  people  only,  detenniiu-'l 
upon.  The  representation  for  each  county  was  fixed 
at  eifrht;  Monday,  July  8th,  named  as  the  time  for 
the  election,  the  qualification  of  voters  prescribed, 
judges  appointed,  and  Monday,  July  loth,  the  date 
ordered  for  members  chosen  to  meet  in  convention  in 
the  city  of  Philadeli)hia.  A  patriotic  address  to  the 
associators  of  the  province,  to  whom  the  ri:;iit  of  >ul- 
frage  was  confined,  received  unanini'iu.~  aiiprovul. 
Want  of  space  forbids  its  entire  reproduction,  and  a 
single  paragraph  must  be  taken  as  an  index  ot  tlie 
whole:  "It  is  now  in  your  |M,wer  to  immortalize  your 
names  by  minglioL'  your  acliicvements  with  the  events 
of  the  year  177G,  ...  a  year  which,  we  hope,  will  be 
famed  in  the  annals  of  history  to  the  end  of  time  for 
establishing  upon  a  lasting  foundation  tlie  liberties  of 
one-quarter  of  the  globe." 

At  the  election  held  in  I'.odfonl  County,  Tlionias 
Smith,  Henjamin  Elliott,  Jose|iU  Powell,  John  Pard, 
John  Wilkin^,  Thomas  Coulter,  Henry  Elioads,  and 
John  (  I  — ii:i  were  chosen  delegates.  One  only  of  this  Benjamin  Elliott,  resided  in  Huntingdon 
County.  .Mr.Smith  never  residrd  in  tbi.  .ouiity,  but. 
being  a  luilf-brother  of  Dr.  Si.iilh.  |iro|,ri,.toi- of  the 
town  of  Huntingdon,  and  having  made  wlun  ,le|mty 
surveyor  a  number  of  surveys  in  the  courjty.  n--  well 
snli>e(inently  sat  as  president  judge  of  the  r.mri- 
therein,  he  is  identified  with  its  history.  A  brief 
sketch  of  both  these  gentlemen  will  be  found  in  the 
chapter  on  the  P>ench  and  P>ar. 

The  convention  concbuled  its  labors  on  the  28th  day 
of  September, and  the  •  'oii-titution  adopted  was  signed 
by  the  members  present.  The  signatures  of  all  the 
representatives  from  Bedford  County  are  appended 
with  the  exception  of  that  of  Henry  Rhoads.  The 
change  from  a  jn-oprietary  government,  to  one  based 
upon  popular  -nlli:eje,  was  sueh  a  iHiuked  departure 
from  til.'  oM  order  oftbin-^  as  to  provoke  iniu'h  crit- 
icism and  Muue  di-:iti-la.l  ion.  The  legislative  power 
was  lodged  in  a  >iiii;b'  liou-e  of  re|)resentatives  called 
the  "General  A--enilily  ..f  the  Representatives  of  the 
Freemen  <d'  Penn-y Ivania."  the  mendiers  of  which 
were  t<,  be  cbo-en  anruiaUy..n  the  -eeond  Tuesday 
of  (letober.    an. I    niei-t    on    the    r,,„rih    Mondav.      The 

supreme  ,.x. 
dent  and  I  o 
her  from  r:ie 
freemen    the 

be  ch.,>e 
sheritl~  i 



in  each  ward,  township,  or  district  for  justices,  and 
two  in  eacli  county  for  sheriS' and  for  coroner,  and 
one  for  each  office  was  conimLssioned  by  the  Presi- 
dent in  Council.  Another  body  was  authorized,  called 
the  Council  of  Censors,  to  be  composed  of  two  members 
from  each  city  and  county,  and  chosen  at  the  general 
election  in  1783,  and  in  everj-  seventh  year  thereafter. 
The  duties  enjoined  on  this  Council  were  to  inquire 
whether  the  Constitution  has  been  preserved  invio- 
late, and  whether  the  several  branches  of  government 
have  performed  their  duties  as  guardians  of  the  people, 
or  assumed  to  themselves  other  orgreater  powers  than 
they  are  eiititleil  to  by  the  < 'onstitution  ;  to  ascertain 
if  taxes  have  lieen  Ju-tly  laid,  revenues  properly  ex- 
pended, and  tlie  laws  duly  executed.  This  body  was 
also  empowered  to  call  a  convention  for  the  purpose 
of  amending  tlie  Constitution  when  necessary. 

Constitution  of  1790.— In  the  As.sembly,  March 
'2-i,  17MI,  roolntions  declaring  that  amendments  to 
the  Constitution  were  nece.ssary,  were  adopted  by  the 
decided  vote  of  forty-one  ayes  to  seventeen  noes. 
These  resolutions,  which  contained  a  request  to  the 
Supreme  Executive  Council  to  promulgate  the  rec- 
ommendations to  the  people  of  the  commonwealth, 
were  eon>i.lered  by  that  body  on  the  28th,  and  the 
request  decliiRHl.  In  Septeinber  following,  the  As- 
>embly  passed  resolutions  calling  for  the  election  of 
delegates  to  a  convention.  Representatives  were  ac- 
cordingly chosen,  and  the  convention  met  in  Phila- 
ilelpbia  on  the  fourth  ^londay  of  November,  choosing 

IS  Miilii 

lent.    After  a  protracted  sitting, 
an  adjourniiient   until  the    next   year,  and  reassem- 

In  this  convention  Huntingdon  County  was  repre- 
sented by  Andrew  lleiidei-on. 

Sweeping  chan-e-  were  made  in  •.■■overnniental  ma- 
chinery. A  second  li"_ri-lative  l.raneli,  the  Senate, 
was  created,  the  SiipriTne  Exeeiiiive  ('oninil  and 
Council  of  Censors  abolished,  and  the  chief  executive 
authority  conferred  upon  a  Governor  to  be  chosen  by 
the  electors,  who  could  exercise  a  negative  upon  bills 
passed  by  the  General  Assembly;  the  tenure  of  the 
judges  extended  during  "good  behavior,"  and  the 
Legislature  required  to  meet  annually  on  the  first 
Tuesday  of  December,  and  directed  t"  pio\id(  for  the 
education  of  the  poor.  The  Seieite  \\,i-  lo  ,  (,n~ist  of 
eighteen  members,  elected  for  tbiir  year-.  .Xortlium- 
berland,  Luzerne,  and  Huntingdon  eoii-titnied  one 
district.  Thomas  Mifflin,  who  bad  served  hi-  tellow- 
citizens  as  member  of  the  .V^sembly  lor  I'liihelelphia, 
delegate  to  the  first  Continental  i  ■oii-ie-s  major-gen- 
eral in  the  Revolution,  d.  b-ate  to  and  Pre-ident  of 
Congress,  member  and  Speaker  of  the  Assembly, 
niember  of  the  Federal  Constitutional  Convention  of 
17s7,  president  of  the  Supreme  Executive  Council 
ami  of  the  Constitutional  Convention  of  1700.  was  in 
the  year  last  named  chosen  the  first  Governor,  and 
was  twice  re-elected. 

Constitution  of  1838.— <)n  the  14th  of  April,  18:54, 

THE  CONSTITUTIONAL   CONVENTIONS  OF   1776,  1790,  1838,  AND  1873. 

the  Legislature  passed  au  act  authorizing  a  popular 
vote  on  the  question  of  calling  a  convention  to  revise 
the  Constitution.  Eighty-seven  thousand  five  hundred 
and  seventy  votes  were  oast  in  favor,  and  seventy- 
three  thousand  one  hundred  and  sixty-six  against  the 
proposition.  The  next  year  a  law  was  approved  di- 
recting the  people  to  choose  delegates  to  a  convention 
which  began  its  sessions  at  Harrisburg,  May  2,  1837, 
and,  after  adjournments,  completed  its  labors  Feb.  22, 
1838.  Samuel  Koyer  and  Cornelius  Cruni  represented  | 
Huntingdon  County.  The  amendments  proposed  [ 
were  adopted  by  popular  vote  at  the  October  elec- 
tion. Among  the  important  changes  were  reducing 
the  senatorial  term  to  three  years  ;  making  the  Gov- 
ernor ineligible  for  election  more  than  two  terms  in 
succession  ;  fixing  the  time  for  the  assembling  of  the 
Legislature  on  the  first  Tuesday  of  January  ;  the  ap- 
pointment of  prothonotaries,  recorders,  registers,  and 
justices  of  the  peace  taken  from  the  excnilivi'  and 
authority  to  elect  these  officers  conlrnud  iipuu  the 
qualified  voters,  and  life  tenure  in  office  abolislied. 

At  the  election  at  which  the  amendments  were 
adopted,  David  R.  I'orter,  of  Huntingdon  County, 
was  chosen  Governor,  and,  in  conformity  with  the 
altered  Constitution,  was  inaugurated  on  the  third 
Tuesday  of  January,  1839. 

The  new  Constitution  contained  a  provision  author- 
izing its  amendment  if  the  proposed  change  should 
receive  the  approval  of  two  Legislatures  in  succession, 
followed  by  an  afiirraative  vote  of  the  qualified  elec- 
tors of  the  Commonwealth.  By  the  method  thus 
prescribed  the  organic  law  was  three  times  amended, 
in  1850,  1855,  and  1864.  The  first  amendment, 
adopted  in  1850,  authorized  the  election  of  the  judges  ' 
by  the  people  for  the  teims  as  prescribed  in  the 
Constitution,  to  wit :  of  the  Supreme  Court,  fifteen 
years ;  president  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  and 
all  other  judges  learned  in  the  law,  ten  years;  asso- 
ciate judges  of  the  Common  Pleas,  five  years.  The 
first  election  for  judges  was  in  October,  1851.  In 
1857  four  amendments  were  added.  The  first  limited 
the  power  of  the  Legislature  to  contract  debts ;  re- 
quired the  creation  of  a  sinking  fund  for  the  gradual 
extinguishment  of  the  State  debt;  prohibited  the 
loaning  of  the  credit  of  the  commonwealth  to  any 
individual,  company,  corporation,  or  association,  and 
the  Legislature  from  authorizing  any  county,  city, 
borougli,  township,  or  incorporated  district  from  be- 
coming a  stockholder  in  any  company,  association,  or 
corporation,  or  loaning  its  credit  thereto;  the  second 
restricted  tlie  power  to  erect  new  counties;  the  third 
provided  for  a  septennial  apportionment  of  the  State 
into  representative  and  senatorial  districts;  and  the 
fourth  conferred  upon  the  Legislature  power  to 
change  or  revoke  any  charter  of  incorporation  there- 
after granted  whenever  it  may  be  injurious  to  the 
people.  The  amendments  of  1864  authorized  any  of 
the  voters  of  the  commonwealth  in  actual  military 
service  to  exercise  the  right  of  surtVage  ;  proliibited 

granunii-  ai 

such  auth.i 

The  poli 

changi',  and  at  the  election  of  1S50  tlie  amendment 
was  adojUed  by  the  decided  vote  of  144,594  to  71,9;i5. 
The  disposition  to  scatter  the  public  revenues  instead 
of  husbanding  them  for  the  payment  of  the  public 
obligations  met  a  wholesome  restraint  in  the  amend- 
ments of  1857,  while  under  those  of  1864  the  i.rac- 
tice  of  passing  bills  embracing  a  variety  of  subjects 
in  a  single  enactment  was  terminated,  and  the  Leg- 
islature relieved  to  a  very  great  extent  from  the  con- 
sideration of  "special  bills." 

Constitution  of  1873.— While  these  changes  in 
the  organic  law  of  the  commonwealth  restrained  to 
a  great  degree  vicious  and  unnecessary  legislation, 
the  rapid  increase  of  wealth  and  population  created 
new  interests,  and  the  ingenuity  of  man  devised  new 
methods  of  perverting  the  law-making  power  to  per- 
sonal ends  and  private  or  corporation  aggrandize- 
ment. The  people  demanded  a  remodeling  of  the 
Constitution  and  the  engrafting  upon  the  funda- 
mental law,  such  additional  changes  as  the  experi- 
ence of  nearly  a  third  of  a  century  had  demonstrated 
woukl  contribute  to  the  public  good.  The  General 
Assembly,  June  2,  1871,  acting  in  accord  with  the 
sentiment  of  the  people,  pa.ssed  a  resolution  submit- 
ting the  question  of  calling  a  convention  to  the  voters 
at  the  following  general  election.  The  feelings  of 
the  citizens  were  expressed  with  great  emphasis  by 
casting  328,354  votes  in  favor  of  a  convention,  to 
70,205  against.  Huntingdon  County  contributed 
5453  ballots  for  the  proposition,  while  only  5  were 
recorded  against  it,  and  in  Blair  County  the  vote 
stood:  for,  6214,  and  16  against.  Backed  by  such 
an  expression  of  the  popular  will,  the  Legislature 
passed  an  act,  approved  by  the  Governor,  April 
11,  1872,  making  provisions  for  the  election  of  "del- 
egates to  a  convention  to  revise  and  amend  the 
Constitution  of  the  State"  at  the  following  October 
election.  For  the  Twenty-first  Senatorial  District, 
composed  of  the  counties  of  Bedford.  Fulton,  Blair, 
and  Somerset,  Samuel  L.  Russell,  of  Bedford,  and 
James  W.  Curry  and  Augustus  S.  Landis,  of  Blair, 
were  chosen  delegates ;  and  the  Twenty-second  Dis- 
trict, composed  of  Centre,  Juniata,  Mifflin,  and 
Huntingdon  Counties,  was  represented  by  John  M. 
Bailey  and  John  McCulloch,  of  Huntingdon,  and 
Andrew  Reed,  of  Mifflin.  The  convention  began 
its  sessions  at  Harrisburg,  November  12th ;  ad- 
journed, November  27th,  to  meet  in  Philadelphia, 
Jan.  12,  1873,  and  completed  its  labors  in  that  city 
on  the  3d  day  of  November  following.  The  Consti- 
tution adopted  by  the  convention  was  submitted  to 



the  16th  day  of  Decern lior.  It  wns  ratified  liy 
253,744  votes  being  east  in  it-;  lavnr,  while  diily 
108,954  were  polled  a,-ain>t  il.  lii  Hmain-don 
County  the  poll  stood:  fur  the  ailoptinji,  L'4i;s: 
against,  494;  and  in  Blair:  for,  1782;  a-ain-t,  2lMs. 
The  new  Constitution  went  into  effect  .Ian.  1,  ls74. 
Among  the  changes  provided  for  by  this  instrument 
were  increasing  the  number  of  representatives  to 
two  hundred,  and  the  senators  to  fifty;  biennial  ses- 
sions of  the  Legislature  after  1878  ;  extension  of  rep- 
resentatives' term  to  two,  and  senators  to  four  years ; 
method  of  enacting  laws  prescribed,  and  legislative 
authority  still  further  restricted  ;  gubernatorial  term 
extended  to  four  years  and  incumbent  declared  ineli- 
gible for  the  succeeding  term ;  a  Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor and  Secretary  of  Internal  Affairs  to  be  chosen 
by  the  people  for  four  years ;  the  pardoning  power 
of  the  Governor  limited  to  such  cases  as  may  be  rec- 
ommended by  a  board  of  pardons;  term  of  supreme 
judges  extended  to  twenty-one  years;  municipal 
debts  limited;  prohibition  of  special  legislation,  etc. 



Bedford  Furnace.— At  an  early  day  in  the  history 
of  this  region  its  iron  ores  began  to  attract  attention, 
and  projects  for  their  utilization  were  discussed.  Few 
of  the  inhabitants  possessed  sufficient  capital  to  em- 
bark in  the  erection  of  I'stablislnuents  fur  the  manu- 
facture of  iron,  and  liiMM-  who  liiul  surplus  money 
were  inclined  to  use  it  in  oth.-r  dir.-ctions.  It  be- 
came necessary  to  enlist  capital  from  outride,  which 
in  due  time  was  secured.  In  the  fall  of  1785,  George 
Ashman  and  Cromwell  began  to  take  war- 
rants for  vacant  lands  in  the  valleys  in  the  vicinity  of 
Orbisnnia.  and,  ;i-.-n,i:iting  with  themselves  Edward 
Ridgcly,  aliont  the  same  time  commenced  the  erecticm 
of  "Bedford  Furnace,"  the  iron-smelting  estab- 
lishment west  of  the  Susquehanna.  Its  location  was 
shown  to  the  writer  some  years  ago  by  one  of  the  oM 
residents  of  Orbisonia,  on  the  bank  of  the  run  a  sli.jrt 
distance  southeast  of  the  eastern  end  of  Ashniim 
Street  of  that  borough.  Its  size  is  said  to  have  Wvu  : 
bosh  five  feet,  with  a  stack  either  liltocii  nr  seventeen 
feet  high.'  Thecapacity  in  pHMJintiun  wa-  ei-hl 
to  ten  tons  of  pig  metal  p.rweek.     It  w:w  run  liv  either 

such  a  point  and  in  such  a  manner  as  would  call 
forth  tlie  a<]miration  of  modern  engineers.- 

The  main  room  of  the  court-house  that  stood  in 
Third  Street,  in  the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  was 
heated  by  two  large-sized  six-plate  stoves  that  bore  the 
inscription  "  Bedford  Furnace."  At  the  Centennial 
Exposition  a  stove-plate  cast  at  this  furnace  in 
1792  was  among  the  relics  of  the  past.  The  Bedford 
Company,  a  few  years  after  the  erection  of  the  fur- 
nace, built  a  forge  on  the  Aughwick  Creek  above  Or- 
bisonia. The  product  of  the  furnace  was  run  into 
stoves  and  other  castings,  or  converted  at  the  forge 
into  bar-iron  of  shapes  suitable  for  blacksmiths'  use. 
The  surplus  was  at  first  carried  overland  to  Pitts- 
burgh, and  it  has  been  claimed  that  the  first  bar-iron 
made  in  this  country  that  found  its  way  to  the  market 
of  that  city  was  produced  at  this  forge.  On  the  10th 
of  September,  1793,  Thomas  Cromwell,  for  the  coni- 
j)any,  advertised  in  the  Pittsbun/h  Gazef/e  that  cast- 
ings and  bar-iron  were  for  sale  at  the  Bedford  Fur- 
nace. There  now  remains  scarcely  a  trace  of  the 
location  of  this  pioneer  furnace. 

Barree  Forge. — The  next  establishment  erected 
was  Barree  Forgo,  on  the  north  side  of  the  Little  Ju- 
niata, about  nine  miles  northwest  of  Huntingdon, 
then  in  Barree,  now  Porter  township,  Huntingdon 
Co.  In  the  spring  of  1794,  Edward  Bartholomew, 
of  Chester  County,  purchased  from  Lazarus  Brown 
McLane  several  tracts  of  land  on  the  Little  Juni- 
ata, and  with  his  son-in-law.  Oreeiiberry  Porsey, 
commenced  the  ereetinn  uf  H.-uree  I'di-i'.  Its  supply 
of  pig  metal  was  drawn  Iroin  ( 'eiitn  I'urnaei-  tor  many 
years.  This  establislunent  was  carried  on  witli  great 
success.  A  forge  is  still  at  work,  and  a  few  years  ago 
a  furnace  was  added.  Both  are  yet  run  on  charcoal. 
These  are  near  the  site  of  the  ancient  Minors'  mill. 

Huntingdon  Furnace.— About  the  year  179(5  a 
company  was  formed  by  Jlordecai  Massey,  Judge 
John  Gloninger,  of  Lebanon,  atid  George  Anshutz  to 
erect  a  furnace  called  "  irniilinud"n,"  on  the  War- 
rior's JIark  Run,  in  Franklin  township,  Huntingdon 
Co.  The  first  named  w-as  the  owner  of  the  land, 
the  second  contributed  money,  and  the  third  skill, 
:iii|iiired  in  the  manufacture  of  iron  in  Europe.  It 
lias  bien  s.'iid  that  the  company  commenced  with  one 
li(.i>eand  a  piiir  of  oxen  at  the  "  old  seat."  The  lo- 
cation was  not  favorable,  and  after  some  time  was 
abandoned,  and  another  furnace  was  built  about  a 
mile  farther  down  the  run.  Besides  the  persons 
named.  Martin  Dubbs  and  George  Shoenberger  were 
snlisei|iiently  members  of  the  company,  which  was 
known  as-.Iohn  Gloninger  ct  Co.,"  and  as-Ghm- 
iuL'er.  .Vnshnt/.  .t  Co."     This,  run   on 

1    its    owners.      In    its    e:irly  days  many 
list,  and  the  familiar  legend  "Hunting- 



don  Furnace"  may  yet  be  seen  in  localities  where 
wood  is  still  used  as  fuel.  Out  of  the  necessities  and 
profits  of  this  establishment  there  grew,  from  time  to 
time,  a  forge  on  Spruce  Creek,  built  about  1800,  the 
upper  and  lower  Tyrone  Forges,  rolling-mill,  slitting- 
mill,  nail-factories,  saw-  and  grist-mill,  and  Bald 
Eagle  Furnace.  As  early  as  1819  the  furnace  estate 
had  spread  over  an  area  exceeding  forty  thousand 

Other  Early  Iron-Works. — Juniata  Forge,  on  the 
Juniata  below  Petersburg,  was  built  about  1804  by 
Samuel  Fahnestock  and  George  Shoenberger.  It  was 
in  operation  during  the  last  year  (1882).  Cokraine 
Forge,  on  Spruce  Creek,  was  commenced  by  Samuel 
Marshall  in  1805.  Subsequently  the  group  of  three 
was  designated  Coleraine  Forges.  Cove  Forge  was 
built  in  1810  by  John  Royer.  Etna  Furnace  and  Forge 
were  begun  in  1805  by  Canan,  Stewart  &  Moore. 
They  were  located  near  the  Juniata,  in  Catharine 
township,  Blair  Co.  This  furnace  was  the  first  erected 
within  the  limits  of  that  county.  Knobtoiigh's 
hlooniery,  near  the  site  of  Paradise  Furnace,  on  Trough 
Creek,  Tod  township,  Huntingdon  Co.,  was  in  opera- 
tion early  in  the  present  century.  About  1810  or 
1811,  Union  Furnace,  on  ihe  Little  Juniata,  Morris 
township,  was  built  by  Edward  B.  Dorsey  (grandson 
of  the  projector  of  Barree  Forge)  and  Caleb  Evans. 
Allegheny  Furnace,  near  Altoona,  the  second  in  age 
in  Blair  County,  was  built  in  1811  by  Allison  & 
Henderson.  In  1813,  Pennsylvania,  on  Spruce  Creek, 
Franklin  township,  was  erected  by  John  Lyon,  Jacob 
Haldeman,  and  William  Wallace.  Springfield  was 
built  in  1815  by  John  and  Daniel  Royer,  and  Rebecca 
in  1817  by  Dr.  Peter  Shoenberger.  Both  these  are  in 
Blair  County.  By  this  date  the  reputation  of  "  Juniata 
iron"  had  become  so  well  established  in  the  markets 
of  the  country,  that  its  manufacture  became  and  con- 
tinued for  many  years  a  leading  industry,  and  many 
additional  works  were  built. 

The  following  schedule  of  prices  of  nails  at  the 
Tyrone  Works  in  June,  1819,  is  interesting  in  these 
days  of  improved  machinery:  Per  hundred-weight, 
three-penny,  $25;  four-penny,  $20;  six-penny,  $15; 
eight-,  ten-,  twelve-,  sixteen-,  and  twenty-penny,  $12. 

The  production  of  these  works  was  estimated  in 
February,  1826,  as  follows  : 




Maria  Forge  was  then  in  operation,  but  did  not 
make  bar-iron. 

At  Millington  Forge,  on  Spruce  Creek,  the  manufac- 
ture of  steel  was  commenced  by  William  McDermott, 
a  Scotchman,  some  time  between  1810  and  1820,  and 
carried  on  with  success  until  his  death,  which  occurred 
about  the  last-named  year.  Here  David  R.  Porter, 
afterwards  Governor  of  the  commonwealth,  then  en- 
gaged in  the  iron  business,  married  Josephine, 
daughter  of  Mr.  McDermott. 

Harris'  "Pittsburgh  Directory"  for  1837  contains  a 
list  of  iron-works  in  Huntingdon  County,  as  follows: 
On  the  Little  J'»»/rt/'a.— Elizabeth  Furnace  and  Mary 
Ann  Forge,  owned  by  Edward  Bell ;  Antes  Foi'ge,  by 
Graham  &  McCamant;  Cold  Spring  Forge,  by  John 
Crotzer;  forge  by  A.  R.  Crane  (not  finished  in  1S37) ; 
Union  Furnace,  owned  by  Micliael  Wallace,  occupied 
by  Dorsey,  Green  &  Co. ;  Barree  Forge,  owned  by 
Dorsey,  Green  &  Co. ;  Tyrone  Forges  (two),  by  Wil- 
liam Lyon  &  Co. ;  Juniata  Forge,  by  G.  &  J.  H. 
Shoenberger.'  On  the  Frankstown  Branch. — Alle- 
gheny Furnace,  by  E.  Baker  &  Co. ;  Etna  Furnace 
and  Forge,  by  H.  S.  Spang;  rolling-mill  and  forge, 
by  G.  Hatfield  &  Co.  (not  completed  in  1837);  fur- 
nace by  H.  S.  Spang  (not  completed  in  1837)  ;  Cove 
Forge,  by  Royer  &  Schmucker.  On.  the  Eaysto^un. 
rSraitili. — Frankstown  Furnace,  by  Daniel  Hileman  ;^ 
( ■Iinl..ii  Forge,  by  William  Hopkins  &  Beightel.  On 
Sliiiit-  ( 'rcrJ:. — Greenwood  Furnace,  owned  by  Rawle 
&  Hall ;  forge  owned  by  W.  &  A.  Couch,  leased  to 
Rawle  &  Hall.  On  Spruce  Oree-t.— Elizabeth  Forge, 
by  G.  &  J.  H.  Shoenberger  :  Pennsylvania  Furnace 
and  three  Coleraine  Forges,  by  Shorb,  Stewart  &  Co. ; 
Elizabeth  Forge,  by  Robert  Moore;  Franklin  Forge,  by 
C.  Wigton;  aiillington  Forge,  by  William  Hopkins; 
Stockdale  Forge,  by  John  S.  Isett.  On  Shade  Creek. 
— Rockhill  Furnace,  by  J.  M.  Bell;  Winchester  Fur- 
nace, owned  by  T.  T.  Cromwell,  occupied  by  J.  M. 
Allen.  On  Aughwick  C'reeii-.— Chester  Furnace  and 
Aughwick  (Forge),  erected  in  1837.  On  Warrior's 
Mark  iJ?m.— Huntingdon  Furnace,  by  G.  &  J.  H. 
Shoenberger.  On  Little  Bald  Eagle  Creek.— Ba\& 
Eagle  Furnace,  by  William  Lyon  &  Co.  On  Big 
Trough  Creek. — Mary  Ann  Furnace  and  Forge,  owned 
by  John  Savage,  conducted  by  George  Thompson.  On 
Piney  CVeeZ:.— Springfield  Furnace  and  Franklin 
Forge,  by  Samuel  Royer  &  Co.  On  Clover  Creek. — 
Rebecca  Furnace,  owned  by  Dr.  Peter  Shoenberger. 
In  all,  16  furnaces,  24  forges,  and  1  rolling-mill, 
making  13,750  tons  of  pig  metal  and  9309  tons  of 
blooms  annually. 

In  1855  the  iron  establishments  of  the  two  counties 
were  as  follows : 

on.^in  Tons. 





Huntingdon  Fninace 
Greenwood  (2)    ' 


1  On  the  Jumat    Ri 

G  *  I  H  sh 
Tie\ler  l  ( 
Isett  Wigt  I 


Edw.inl  Furmife '  '            ■  >■'  v  (  ., 

Mill  Creek    ■■      ■"  -  '   ' 

Monroe         "      '  w .  .l,.l,i,..i, 

H..i:i:l.  iin.l  Knuiiic,^  ii  '^  'i-  ■"  a  '■ 

MM. ,,.!.,  rn,,.,.,-.  ,,„aK..,-....  -MM._:.. 

Elizai.eth       •■  "  .  .    .  JK.i  lu.  i..,!.-,    l,i-ll 

RoUiiift-MiU     ami      ruiMlilic 

Furge         Porter S.  Hatfield  A  Son. 

Juniata  R..llinK-MiIl  and  Forge. West 1!.  Lorenz. 

Alexandria  Foimdry I-i.i.  1  i;iafius. 

Eagle  "         Tod  tw',.         .1    1..   '■    I>:ivi.|   fin. 

Huntingdon       "         '    ^1    •'"'"••'^-1 

Tetersbiirg         '* "    '  '^     '       '^ 

Sl.irleysl.nrg     •;        '   V>'l     llnv 

Water  Street      "         !!!!!!!!!!...'' I..I,  l',j  n,].!..... 

Blair  Cmmtll. 

liiT,  17.^7,  luid  of  Huntingdon  soon  thereafter.  He 
iiiankd  Jtine  McBeth,  of  Cumberland  County,  and 
liir  a  short  time  resided  in  Shaver's  Creek  Valley. 
t^uoii  thereafter  he  moved  to  Huntinjrdon,  and  resided 
at  thesoutheastern  corner  of  Second  and  Pcnn  Streets, 
where  he  died  Dec.  16.  1823. 

Portage  Works    trolli 


.1.  R.  JlcFarla 
.McLanalnin,  \ 

These  establishment 
such  rapid  inroads  ujin 
ing  year  it  beettini'  iiicu 
vide  the  neeessaiy  siip 
as  proved  nii|iriirit:ihl 
were  run  on  cokr.  Mi 
theuhuvc  lists  arc  r.,1. 
the  uses  Inrwhi.'hlh.'y 
ablv  l.H-at.Ml.  r.iiitiimc- 

Libt  of  Ma 

l!rv.  .1 

LIST   OF   MARRIAGES,  1787  TO  1823. 

May  18,  Rol.ert  Ried  and  Elizalipth  Allison. 

"    24,  Alexander  Lynn  iind  Rusatma  WHrnock. 
Aug.  7,  John  Ross  and  Agnes  McKittrock. 

"  23,  Joseph  Henderson  and  Jane  Elliot. 
Sept.  lY,  William  Eastep  and  Einelia  Wright. 
Oct.  1,  Caleb  Armitage  and  Catharine  McCabe. 

"    2,  Siirancl  Stewart  and  Ann  Wilson. 
Nov.  In,  David  Moore  and  Elizahelh  Diivia. 
Aug.  31,  James  McMurtrie  and  Elizabeth  Elliot. 
1799.  Jan.  3,  Andrew  Boyer  and  Susannah  Heiatan. 

"    8,  Wllliaiu  Laird  and  .\nn  Drennan. 
Feb.  7,  K..N  :l  .1    !i;i-i  .1,   ,  ,  I  \l;,rv  Johnston. 



Dec,  I 

Mcl'leMand  ami  Jane  McDonald. 
1800.  Sept.  10,  Thomas  Lloyd  and  Nancy  Moore. 
Oct.  1,  Robert  Orr  and  Ann  Huston. 

"    7,  Rev.  Ale.xander  Mcllwaine  and  t^atharine  Cauan. 
Nov  13,  James  Robinson  and  Margaret  Mi-Langhlin. 

"     25,  John  Hennen  and  Elizabeth  Johnston. 
Dec.  11,  David  Newinsliani  and  Sn-an  Kurtz. 

Aluil  11),  John  I'atlun  and  Rebecca  Sinipson. 

"      2:i,  Samuel  Fisher  and  H.dn-ica  Borland. 
July  7,  Saiiiu,!  Kin- and  Ann  .Marshal. 

"     11,  .\.     .      ~     .  I'll  Isabella  McLaughlin 

"     11,. I II'    nri  Nelly  McCall. 

Oct.  211,  .b.lii.  -:.   ■  .11     I    ,   M.i-ar.-t  Wilson, 



ling  and  Surah  Saggett. 

"  2:),  Samuel  "S 
"  23,  William  i 
"    24,  James  Ar 




V  12 


d  Tussey 




nas  He;np 

June  9, 


1  Lloyd  ai 


.31,  l>i. 

er  I'liii 

■liu,.  ami 



14,  Da 

ii,d  llii 

.•tt  ami  1' 


21,  Jo 

n  Hem 

erson  ami 



23,  Sal 

luel  Al 

lerson  am 


D.  Jan 

11,  Ro 

ert  Bo, 

,1  and  Hai 

nab  F 


23,  Jos 

-lib  Fav 

ami  Mis. 




,...,  M 

,  1 1  1 : 

.■  l>rou 


20,  Wi 

••.1    ■■ 

ii-v  A 



i;,n  D 

Sept.  27,  .bill 
1811.  Jan.  20,  Willi. 
Feb.  20,  David 
"  26,  Isaac 
March  12,  Juh 
19,  Die 
April  11,  Robe 


Oct.  15,  Joseph  Williams  anil  R;icliel  Beatty. 

1812.  Jan.  9,  Thomas  Kerr  and  Widow  Hill. 

"    21,  Williiiiii  Brown  and  Elizabetli  M.vtinKer. 
"    30,  Thomas  Jaclison  and  Catharine  Mcllwain 
April  10,  James  Robinson  and  Elizabeth  .\llen. 
JuneO,  Aaron  Allen  and  Hannah  Thomas. 


Sept.  IS,  "William  Wilson  and  Jane  Eynphart. 

"     IS,  John  Johnston  and  Catharine  Johnston. 
Oct.  2:!,  John  Stitt  and  Martha  Galbrnith. 
Kov.  20,  William  Dorris  and  Nancy  Stitt. 
1818.  Jan.  1.5,  John  Jacobs  and  Dorcas  Vandevender. 
Feb.  12,  Gilbert  Cheney  and  Ann  Dearmont. 
March  12,  Andrew  Newell  and  Margaret  Doris. 
"       1-',  Aiidr.-\v  Arni^tion^  and  Jane  Nielson. 

MaRl.  •!.  D..M 


.    ■-! 

Mayll,  Fr.i. 


-    ,         i 

"      13,  Til.  in 

^l  ,   _ 

i.  :   ^I. 

"     27,  Mate 

.■1  1" 

Nov.  2,  Jami,. 


:.  ....:i 

..i.a  L. 

"      li;,Jacol 


dur  an. 


"     25,Jame 


nd  Acti: 

s  Mnss 

t.  March  3.  Will 


on  and 

1  Grace  UeiEhart.2 
Margaret  White, 
lirabelh  Roller.* 

"       24,  4a 
April  12, 

"     19, 

Nov.  1,  John  Ciuui  and  Mary  McAkvy. 

Dec.  13,  William  McAlevy,  Jr.,  and  Jane  Wilson. 

"    22,  Edward  Patton  and  Anna  McJlurtrie. 

"    22,  James  Porter  and  Sarah  Ray. 
1815.  Jan.  .">,  James  Robinson  and  Nancy  Lan^. 

"     19,  George  Slaliond  and  JIargaret  Simonton. 

"     2e,.  J.din  WiUon  and  .Snsan  Graflns. 
Mar.h  2,  TIi.o.k,,  W;,Il;,ce  and  El-arinr  Crawford. 

1823.  Jan.  2,  Ge,. 


■  Nell  and  Klizal 

Elizabetli  Cr.imwe 
id  Polly  Macanley. 

"     16,  Pi-t.-i   Nil     ,.,  .  M  ,i>    Mil.,,. 
May  1,  Joseph  Stewart  and  Judith  Lloyd. 
"    20,  Rodman  ^yilcox  and  Rosanna  Gwin. 
'*    29,  Peter  Swope  and  Slartha  Vandevender. 

"  (i,  ThoniiLs  .11.  Galbrailb  and  Ni 
"  l.S,  Alexander  Ramsey  and  Elil 
March  13.  B.-njainin  K  Stevens  and 



Dec.  S,  Jonathan  lliirlsock  i 
1817.  Jan.  21.  John  McCabe  and  Mary  Glazier. 

March  20,  William  Ingram  and  Mary  Nicholson. 
April  17,  Hugh  Hazlott  and  Jane  Star. 

"     24,  George  Marshall  and  Jane  McDermot. 
May  l.i,  Vincent  Robison  and  Susanna  Hess. 
June  6,  Andrew  and  Rebecca  Green. 


TlIE    PllESS    OF    UUMIXGDOX    COrXTY.    • 

The  first  newspaper  enterprise  in  the  county,  if 
not  ill  the  valley  of  the  Juniata,  was  77te  Huntingdon 
( 'mirier  anil  Weckh/  Adrcrtiscr,  "Printed  and  pub- 
lished by  iliehael  Duffey,  at  the  corner  of  Allegany 
Street  &;  the  Public  Square;  Where  Advertisements, 
articles  of  useful  intelligence,  and  Essays  having  the 
Public  wellfare  for  their  objects,  will  he  thankl'iiUy 
received  and  carefully  inserted."  The  initial  number 
was  issued  Jiilv  4,  1797,  from  the  house  then  owned 

1  Gazette  mys  of  Spruce  Creek  and  '-of  Woodcock  Valley.  ISth  Febr 
was  Tliurstlmj. 

s  Both  of  the  borough  of  Huntingdon. 

<  Daughter  of  Philip  Roller,  Esq.  All  of  Sinking  Volley.  27th 



by  John  Cadwalladcr,  that  stood  at  Nos.  305  and  307 
Allegheny  Street,  and  afterwards  by  David  Snyder 
and  his  son-in-law,  John  \V.  Mattern.  The  only 
copy  of  the  paper  known  to  be  in  existence  is  one  of 
No.  6,  dated  Tuesday,  Aug.  8,  1797,  in  the  possession 
of  the  writer  hereof.  It  contains  foreign  intelligence 
from  Londonderry  of  May  6th  ;  Dublin,  May  10th; 
Cork,  May  6th;  London,  May  10th;  and  Viriina, 
May  26th ;  and  domestic  items  from  Philadelphia, 
Lexington,  Ky.,  Cincinnati,  and  other  places.  The 
solitary  item  of  local  news  is  as  follows : 

"HfNTINGDON,  August  9. 

"The  publication  of  this  Paper  was  unavoidal)ly  protracted  till  tliis 
day,  by  wliich  delay  we  aro  enabled  to  notice;  that  this  morning  about 
1  O'clock,  the  Borough  of  Huntingdon  was  alarmed  with  the  Ory  of 
Fire  I  which,  broke  out  in  a  hack  building,  the  property  of  Mr  George 
Householder;  and  threatened  destruction  to  the  adjacent  buildings,  but 
by  the  generous  exertion  of  our  fellow  Citizens  that  devouiing  element 
was  conquered  without  doing  any  other  damage,  except  the  tearing 
down  of  the  building  in  which  the  (ire  originated." 

Among  the  advertisements  is  a  notice  from  Johonus 
Tob,  complaining  that  people  from  the  borough 
of  Huntingdon  and  elsewhere  have  made  a  practice  of 
passing  through  his  fields  and  throwing  down  the 
fences,  and  warning  trespassers  that  they  may  depend 
they  will  be  dealt  with  as  the  law  directs.  Arthur 
and  William  Moore  request  all  persons  indebted  to 
their  store  in  Alexandria  to  settle  off  their  respective 
accounts.  John  Cryder  offers  himself  as  a  candidate 
for  sheriff  at  the  following  election.  Jacob  Weaver 
gives  notice  that  the  lottery  for  the  lots  in  his  town 
of  Georgetown,  in  Hopewell  township.  Woodcock 
Valley,  took  place  on  the  7th  of  July.  John  Hughes, 
United  States  excise  officer,  ]iublishes  regulations  rela- 
tive to  the  entry  of  stills.  John  Keller  offers  a  reward 
of  ten  pounds  for  the  capture  of  the  thief  aud  recovery 
of  a  horse  stolen  from  his  pasture-field  in  Canoe 
Valley,  on  the  night  of  the  2d  of  August.  Robert 
Hubbell  forewarns  persons  against  trusting  his  ab- 
sconding wife  Jane.  John  Cadwallader  informs  sub- 
scribers to  the  fund  of  the  public  grammar  school, 
incorporated  for  the  town  and  county  of  Huntingdon, 
that  they  are  required  to  make  payment  to  him  as 
treasurer  without  delay,  and  that  proposals  in  writing 
will  be  received  for  erecting  a  school  building 
of  brick,  twenty-four  by  thirty-six  feet,  two  stories 
in  height.  The  printer  publishes  his  prospectus, 
and  informs  the  public  that  he  has  a  valuable  col- 
lection of  books  for  sale.  The  price  of  the  paper 
was  two  dollars  per  annum.  It  was  well  printed  for 
the  times,  and  contained  four  columns  on  a  page.  The 
form  measures  nine  and  one-half  by  sixteen  inches 
on  each  page.  Among  the  patrons  of  this  paper  re- 
siding out  of  town  whose  names  have  been  preserved 
are:  James  Champion,  Philip  Lauman,  William 
McKillip,  WilliaiTi  Mulhallin,  Samuel  Marshall 
(Spruce  Creek),  William  Moore  (Woodcock  Valley), 
John  Gloninger,  Joshua  Lewis,  Mr.  Gahagin,  of 
Hart's  Log,  Benjamin  Laughead,  Jacob  Van  Gilder, 
William  Hollidav,  Francis  Smith,  Henry  Caldwell, 

Joseph  Galbraith,  Samuel  Galbraith,  Samuel  Kerr, 
Thomas  Durbin,  Thomas  Phillips,  John  Storm,  John 
Byrnes,  Capt.  Richard  McGuire,  John  Burgoon,  John 
McCoy,  Thomas  Scott  (Shaver's  Creek),  Lawrence 
Dempsey,  John  Culbertson,  Daniel  McConnaughy, 
MichaelSkelly,  Andrew  Bell,  Angus  Sinclair,  Robert 
^McCartney,  Joseph  Cadwallader,  Hugh  Dalrymple, 
.\lexander  McGeehan,  James  Ross,  Robert  Riddle, 
Thomas  McMillan.  Duffey  continued  the  publica- 
tion of  the  paper  for  about  seven  months,  until  Feb- 
ruary, 1798,  when  from  insufficient  patronage,  owing 
doubtless  to  the  difficulties  attending  the  delivery  of 
his  issues  in  the  absence  of  mail  facilities,  he  was 
compelled  to  quit. 

The  next  venture  was  The  Guardi<m  of  Liberty  and 
Hnnt'iiKiihia  Chronicle,  by  John  R.  Parrington,  com- 
menced in  the  fall  of  1799,  and  continued  about  a  year. 
The  size  and  jirice  was  the  same  as  the  '  'mirier.  In  No. 
.38,  of  tlie  date  Aug.  14,  180i),  (Jmi;:,.  ( iiithrie,  jailer, 
offers  a  reward  of  eight  dollars  lur  ;in  escaped  ]irisoner 
committed  for  forgery.  Apprentices  are  wanted  by 
Stephen  Drury  to  the  clock-  and  watch-making  busi- 
ness, by  William  Hannegan  to  the  tailoring,  by  John 
Yocum  to  the  blacksmithing,  by  Archibald  Thomp- 
son to  the  saddling,  and  by  Christopher  Steel  to  the 
cut-  and  hammer-nailing  business.  David  Newing- 
ham  offers  a  reward  for  the  recovery  of  a  watch  lost 
between  "  this  borough  and  Patrick  Leonard's  farm." 
The  editor,  in  a  standing  advertisement  dated  Jan. 
30,  1800,  informs  his  readers  that  a  paper-mill  is 
building  about  twenty  miles  distant  from  the  borough 
that  will  keep  in  the  county  thousands  of  dollars  that 
would  otherwise  go  elsewhere,  and  that  will  consume 
large  quantities  of  rags.  He  urges  the  people  to  save 
these  otherwise  useless  articles  for  sale  to  the  paper- 
mill  and  thus  assist  the  enterprise. 

On  the  12th  of  February,  1801,  John  McCahan 
commenced  the  publication  of  The  ILintingdon  Ga- 
zette and  Week/i/  Advertiser.  The  size  and  price  was 
the  same  as  its  predecessors.  It  was  "printed  by 
John  McCahan,  Washington  Street,  opposite  to 
Gwinn's  Alley."  In  1802  the  office  was  on  Hill 
Street,  "second  door  to  Mr.  Samuel  Steel's  tavern." 
Mr.  McCahan  was  born  in  a  small  village  called 
Drumuahaigh,  in  the  north  of  Ireland,  in  November, 
1780,  and  landed  in  the  United  States  in  August, 
1792.  He  commenced  his  career  as  a  printer  with 
the  firm  of  Steel  &  McClain,  of  Carlisle,  as  an  ap- 
prentice, in  1795.  The  establishment  failed  the  next 
year,  and  in  1797  he  worked  as  a  journeyman  on  the 
Courier,  in  Huntingdon,  for  Michael  Duffey.  After 
that  paper  died  he  followed  Mr.  Duffey  to  Baltimore, 
and  in  1799  worked  for  William  Pechin  on  a  "  Di- 
gest of  the  Laws  of  the  United  States."  He  con- 
ducted the  Gazette  from  its  establishment  in  1801 
until  July  9,  1828,  over  twenty-seven  years,  when  he 
transferred  the  control  and  management  of  it  to  his 
son,  John  Kinney  McCahan.  Mr.  McCahan  was 
ideiititicd  with  nianv  of  the  imiirovements  and  insti- 



tutions  of  hi.s  time,  and  acquired  a  large  estate  in 
lands  situated  in  various  part.s  of  Huntingdon  and 
Blair  Counties.  He  remained  a  resident  of  the  bor- 
ough of  Huntingdon  until  about  1843,  when  he  re- 
moved to  the  "  Log  Cabin  Farm,"  in  Walker  town- 
ship, ojiposite  the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  on  which 
he  had  just  completeil  the  brick  residence  now  owned 
and  occupied  by  a  grandson  bearing  his  name.  He 
was  a  man  of  great  industry,  energy,  and  tact,  and 
nianifi-stcd  remarkable  firmness  and  decision  in  all 
lii<  liu~iness  affairs.  While  he  led  an  active  life,  al- 
ways taking  an  interest  in  matters  of  public  concern, 
and  participating  in  the  political  contests  of  ilie 
times,  he  never  sought  nor  iield  any  official  pnvitinns 
other  than  those  connected  with  the  borough  govern- 
ment. He  died  Sunday  morning,  March  22,  1857,  in 
his  seventy-seventh  year,  and  his  remains  rest  in 
the  Huntingdon  Cemetery.  One  son,  James  A.  Mc- 
Calian,  who  resides  near  Hollidaysburg,  is  the  only 
one  of  his  children  now  living.  John  Kinney  Mc- 
Calian  comlucted  the  Gii:iite  until  April  23,  1834, 
when  h.-  disposed  of  the  establishment  to  Alexander 
Gwiii,  and  removed  to  the  Laurel  Springs  Mills,  a 
short  distance  above  Hirminghani.  Some  time  after 
the  death  of  his  father  he  returned  to  Huntingdon, 
and  for  many  years  resided  in  the  house  on  the  north- 
east corner  of  Washington  and  Fifth  Streets,  where 
he  died  Jan.  IC,  1888,  aged  seventy-nine  years. 

While  the  Oazetle  when  under  the  direction  of 
its  founder  and  his  son  advocated  the  election  of 
Jackson  and  other  Democratic  candidates,  it  was  not 
as  distinctively  Democratic  as  it  became  under  the 
management  of  Ale.tander  Gwin.  In  the  Democratic 
split  of  183.5,  when  George  Wolf  and  Henry  A. 
Muhlenberg  were  nominated  by  opposing  factions  of 
the  then  dominant  party  in  Pennsylvania,  and  which 
resulted  in  Jo.seph  Ritner,  the  Anti-Masonic  candi- 
date, receiving  a  plurality  of  votes,  and  being  inaugu- 
rated Giivenior,  the  Gazette  warmly  advocated  the 
elecli'.n  of  .Muhlenberg,  the  candidate  of  the  "Young 
Deniocrary."  In  the  spirited  gubernatorial  contest 
of  ]>;:;s  it  canir^tly  supported  David  R.  Porter.  On 
thi-  iltli  ..f  l'cbrii;iry,  is:!!),  Mr.Gwin  retired  from  the 
edil'iriid  cliair.  and  was  succeeded  by  P.  S.  Joslyn. 
A  short  timi'  thiTcnftrr  llie  material  was  removed  to 
]Iolliday>l.tir-,  aiul  the  Cr.rttr,  long  a  weekly  visitor 
to  many  hoii-^cholils  in  the  county,  ceased  to  exist. 
One  of  the  iiiridi-iils  connected  with  this  inw~pa|.er 
worth  rrci.rdiiiL:  is  ilie  fact  that  for  many  years  it 
wa-  ].riiiled  ..n  p.iper  mannfactured  at  the  "Laurel 
Sprini;^"  |.aper-iiiill,  near  Birmingham,  the  estab- 
li~]in,erit  leleiied  to  in  the  GiianHaH  of  Libert;/. 

The  . I „/.,■/.,,„  /.;„//,  was  in  existence  in  1811,  but 
the  ilat.  s  of  its  l.irili  and  death  have  been  lost  to  liis- 
tory.  In  September,  Isl:;,  James  Barbour  com- 
menced the  publication  of  The  Hiniliiindo,,  Intelti- 
neneer,  a  Democratic-Republican  weekly.  In  Octo- 
ber, 1814,  the  name  was  changed  to  Tlie  Hindi n^jdon 
liei>,ihlle,u,.     Barl.onr  continued  to  pnhli~h  the  paper 

until  August,  1819,  when  the  last  number  was  issued, 
and  the  establishment  became  the  property  of  James 
S.  Patton,  who  had  been  one  of  the  editors  of  the 
Lewistown  Mercury.  Another  newspaper  effort  called 
the  Viltiif/e  Monitor  was  not  successful.  From  its 
material  the  publication  of  the  Republican  Advocate 
was  commenced  in  the  summer  of  1820  by Un- 
derwood and  John  MuUay.  Underwood  subsequently 
retired  from  the  firm,  and  John  W.  Shugert  became 
the  junior  partner.  Sept.  8,  1827,  Mullay  disposed  of 
his  interest  to  Shugert,  wdio  conducted  the  paper 
alone  until  Feb.  7,  1829,  wdien  he  sold  out  to  Robert 
Wallace.  The  size  of  the  pages,  four  columns  in 
width,  was  ten  by  seventeen  and  one-half  inches  until 
July  30,  1828,  when  it  was  enlarged  to  five  columns 
in  width.  Augustus  Banks  became  joint  edi,tor  and 
proprietor  with  Mr.  Wallace,  June  15,  1831.  The 
latter  disposed  of  his  interest  to  Thomas  P.  Campbell, 
and  on  the  28th  of  March,  1832,  the  firm  became 
Banks  &  Campbell,  and  continued  one  year.  Mr. 
Banks  conducted  the  paper  alone  until  May,  1835, 
when  he  transferred  it  to  George  Taylor  and  Mr. 
Campbell.  With  the  number  issued  Dec.  30,  1835, 
the  Ripiihlirnii  Adcncnte  expired.  The  material  was 
united  with  that  of  the  late  Hutlidai/sbiirf/  Sentinel, 
piililished  by  William  R.  McCay,  and  a  new  paper 
called  the  Advocate  and  Sentinel  issued  by  Mr.  McCay, 
who  continued  its  issue  under  the  new  title  until 
about  the  middle  of  the  year  1S41,  wdien  the  estab- 
lishment clmnged  hands,  and  a  new  eumlidate  for 
public  favor  wa^  i-iied  hv  K.  V.  Kveiliart,  under  the 
name  of  the  />r,„',r,-^,tir  W^dr/nnni,  and  continued  by 
iiim  and  Robert  Woods  for  about  two  years,  and  then 
finally  abandoned.  The  material  was  stored  in  a 
house  on  Allegheny  Street,  and  a  few  years  later  was 
used  in  the  publication  of  the  Messenger. 

The  Huntingdon  Courier  and  Anti-Mamnie  R.puUi- 
ciin  was  commenced  by  Henry  L.  McConnell,  June 
2,  1830.  Before  the  close  of  the  first  volume  the  firm- 
name  became  McConnell  &  McCrea.  In  February, 
1833,  W.  A.  Kinsloe  succeeded  as  publisher;  a  month 
later  the  firm  was  changed  to  N.  Sargent  and  W.  X. 
Kinsloe;  July  3d,  Mr.  Sargent  retired  and  Dr.  Jacob 
lloft'man  and  W.  A.  Kinsloe  became  publishers. 
About  the  close  of  the  year  J.  Hoffman  &  Co.  were 
announced  as  publishers,  who  continued  until  Sep- 
tember, 1834,  and  were  succeeded  by  William  Yeager. 
Hamilton  Scrapie  soon  after  mounted  the  editorial 
tripod,  and  on  the  20th  of  May,  1835,  he  published 
his  valedictory  ami  announced  that  he  had  united 
the  siibscriptinn  li<t  with  that  of  the  HoUidaij^burg 
Aurora,  whieli  would  thereafter  be  called  the  Aurora 
iniji  ('niirirr. 

The  /f'n,H„,,d,.n  Rule,  a  German  Anti-Masonic 
paper,  wa>  commenced  about  is:;4  by  Dr.  Jacob 
Holfman  and  continued  for  a  short  time. 

The  material  of  the  Courier  was  purchased  by  A. 
W.  Benedict  &  Co.,  and  the  publication  of  a  six- 
column   Aiiti-.Masonic  paper,  called   the  Huntingdon 


Journal,  commenced  Sept.  25,  1835.  In  April,  1836, 
Mr.  Benedict  became  sole  proprietor,  and  continued 
as  such  until  Feb.  2,  1842,  when  he  sold  to  Tlieodore 
H.  Cremer.  Under  the  management  of  the  latter  the 
typographical  appearance  of  the  paper  was  much  im- 
proved by  the  use  of  new  type  and  a  new  heading, 
June  7,  1843.  Up  to  this  time  its  motto  was,  "One 
Country,  One  Constitution,  One  Destiny."  The  Anti- 
Masonic  party  having,  some  years  before,  become 
merged  into  the  Whig  organization,  the  Journal  be- 
came the  Whig  organ.  Mr.  Cremer  sold  out  to  James 
Clark,  of  Harrisburg,  who  assumed  editorial  control 
Aug.  13,  1845.  The  appearance  of  the  paper  was 
again  improved  in  September,  1846,  and  in  June, 
1848.  Mr.  Clark  died  March  23, 1851,  and  the  vacant 
editorial  chair  was  assumed  by  William  H.  Peightal 
on  the  10th  of  April.  J.  Sewell  Stewart  became  editor 
and  proprietor  Aug.  1,  1851.  May  20,  1852,  J.  A. 
Hall  became  a  partner,  and  on  the  30th  of  September 
following  Mr.  Hall  became  sole  owner,  and,  securing 
the  services  of  Adin  W.  Benedict,  the  founder  of  the 
paper,  as  political  editor,  he  continued  the  publica- 
tion until  March  23,  1853,  when  Samuel  L.  Gla.sgow 
purchased  the  establishment.  On  the  11th  of  May 
an  enlargement  to  seven  columns  was  made.  On  the 
first  day  of  March,  1854,  William  Brewster  succeeded 
to  the  editorial  control  as  well  as  proprietorship  of 
the  establishment,  and  on  the  2d  of  May,  1855,  Samuel 
G.  Whittaker  became  associated  with  him.  Mr.  Whit- 
taker  retired  Dec.  23,  1857.  Nearly  two  years  later. 
Dr.  Brewster  sold  out  to  John  Lutz,  of  Shirleysburg, 
and  in  the  issue  of  Nov.  30,  1859,  announced  the  sev- 
erance of  his  connection  with  the  paper.  With  the 
material  of  the  Journal,  Lutz  recommenced  the<S7;(V- 
leysburg  Herald;  the  subscription  list  he  disposed  of 
to  Mr.  Whittaker,  wlio,  uniting  with  John  A.  Nash, 
the  founder  of  the  Hiiiif'ui<i'hiii  Amrrican,  commenced 
May  9, 1855,  the  firm  <if  Na>li  c*t  Whittaker  continued 
the  publication  of  a  six-column  ]):ipcr  umlfr  the 
united  names  of  the  Huntingdon  Jmima/  ,i„d  Ameri- 
can until  Dec.  6,  1865,  when  Mr.  Whittiikcr  retired, 
and  Mr.  Nash  and  Robert  McDivitt,  under  the  firm- 
name  of  John  A.  Nash  &  Co.,  became  publishers.  In 
the  beginning  of  1867  an  enlargement  to  seven  col- 
umns was  made.  On  the  29th  of  May  following,  Mr. 
Nash  became  sole  proprietor,  but  Mr.  McDivitt  re- 
mained as  one  of  the  editors  until  the  close  of  1870, 
when  he  retired  and  was  succeeded  by  J.  R.  Durbor- 
row,  of  Bedford,  who  had  purchased  and  added  to 
the  establishment  the  material  and  subscription  list 
of  the  Repuhlicdn.  At  the  beginning  of  the  new 
year  the  paper  was  enlarged  to  eight  columns,  the 
old  name  The  Huntingdon  Journal  restored,  and  the 
typographical  appearance  greatly  improved.  The 
style  of  the  firm  was  J.  R.  Durborrow-and  John  A. 
Nash,  publishers  and  proprietors,  until  May  24,  1878, 
when  Mr.  Nash  became  sole  proprietor  and  editor, 
and  yet  continues  in  that  relation.  The  Journal,  one 
of  the  old-established  newspapers  of  the  Juniata  Val- 

ley, has  now  (January,  1883)  entered  upon  its  forty- 
sixth  volume. 

After  the  death  of  the  Wtlrhman,  the  Journal  re- 
mained for  a  time  the  only  jiaixT  printed  at  Hunting- 
don. In  the  fall  ..t  1S4:!  new  iiialeiial  piirrhased, 
and  the  /fii„/i„:/'/,,„  <;/,,/„'  ,-c,iiiii,eneed  by  Lewi-.  G. 
Mytinger  and  G.  L.  Geiit/.el  on  the  24lh  of  Novem- 
ber. Jlytinger  owned  the  office,  and  after  a  few 
months  Gentzel's  name  was  dropped.  About  1st  of 
June,  1845,  he  Sold  to  Thomas  P.  Caniiibell,  under 
whom  the  paper  was  issueil  l(]rsi>nie  time  by  .T.  W'lMsh 
Brewer,  and  then  by  Lyons  Mussina  as  editor  and 
publisher.  In  the  spring  of  1846,  William  Lewis 
purchased  the  establishment  and  issued  the  paper  as 
editor  and  publisher.  After  the  retirement  of  Mr. 
Mytinger  a  new  series  was  begun.  On  the  25th  of 
June,  1858,  the  Olobe,  which  wits  always  clearly  and 
distinctly  printed,  appeared  in  an  entirely  new  and 
attractive  dress.  The  word  "  Huntingdon"  was  omit- 
ted from  the  heading.  Up  to  the  close  of  I860  it  was 
continued  as  a  six-column  sheet,  but  with  the  first 
issue  of  1861  an  enlargement  to  seven  columns  was 
made  and  new  type  used.  In  the  following  April 
semi-weekly  issues  of  half  a  sheet  were  begun  and 
continued  until  June,  1862.  The  rise  and  progress  of 
the  great  Rebellion  excited  a  desire  on  the  part  of  the 
people  for  the  latest  news  from  the  seat  of  war,  and 
to  supply  this  popular  demand  many  weekly  news- 
papers throughout  the  State  adopted  the  policy  of 
the  enterprising  publisher  of  the  Olobe.  On  the  5th 
of  November,  1861,  Alfred  Tyhurst  became  associate 
editor,  and  continued  until  the  semi-weekly  issues 
were  abandoned.  Hugh  Lindsay  became  associate 
editor  Jan.  4,  1865,  and  on  the  3d  of  April,  1867,  in 
addition  to  editorial  duties,  shared  with  Mr.  Lewis 
the  responsibilities  of  publisher.  This  arrangement 
continued  until  April  1, 1872.  On  the  1st  of  January, 
1871,  the  paper  was  enlarged  to  eight  columns.  Al- 
fred Tyhurst  became,  April  1st,  a  member  of  the  firm, 
which  was  known  as  The  Globe  Printing  Association, 
with  William  Lewis,  A.  Tyhurst,  and  Hugh  Lindsay 
as  editors  and  business  managers.  Four  months  af- 
terwaid-  .Mr.  'lylmrst  retired,  and  Messrs.  Lewis  and 
Lindsay  remained,  the  former  as  publisher,  proprie- 
tor, and  political  editor,  and  the  latter  as  business 

On  the  10th  of  December,  1872,  in  the  twenty- 
seventh  year  of  his  ownership  of  the  Olobe,  during 
which  the  paper  had  become  one  of  the  permanent 
and  prosperous  ones  of  the  valley,  Mr.  Lewis  sold  out 
to  Professor  A.  L.  Guss,  who,  as  publisher  and  pro- 
prietor, immediately  assumed  posse.ssion  of  the  estab- 
lishment, and  continued  to  conduct  the  paper  until 
July  24,  1877,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  Alfred  Ty- 
hurst as  editor  and  proprietor.  Five  years  later  Mr. 
Tyhurst  was  compelled  by  ill  health  to  rest  from  edi- 
torial labor.  After  his  death  the  establishment  was 
sold  by  his  executors  to  Howard  E.  Butz  on  the  9th 
of  January,  1883,  the  geutlenuin  who  had   editorial 



tluu'ge  during  several  preceding  months.  ( )n  the 
1 'itli  of  August,  1877,  the  original  name,  The  lliiiifiini- 
diiii  Ghhr,  was  restored  to  tlie  head  of  tlie  paper  ami 
\\w<  |irii|irrly  remained  tliere  >ince. 

Tiu  Mxitenifer. — -George  AV.  W'iiittaki'r  and  George 
liayinnnd  purehased  tlie  jires- and  ty[]e  of  the  defunct 
Ailrn,;i/r  ,111(1  Sriitiiirl  aiid  Wiitrli iinin,  aud  with  them 
on  ihc  l.'uh  c.f  April,  ls4ii.  cinmenced  the  publica- 
tinn  mI  a  liM--i(j|iinin  paper  (■.■died  The  Messenger, 
ni'iitral  in  p'llitics.  (  ine  year  later 'an  enlargement 
til  llii^  rxiciit  iif  line  riiluniri  per  ]iage  was  made,  and 
tlji'  name  anirnili'd  to  J/iiiifiiii/'Inii  Messenger.  At  the 
end  (if  the  xrund  year  the  partnership  was  (iissolved 
uitli  tlie  view  lit'  discontinuing  the  publication  of  the 
jiapcr;  but  a  lew  weeks  later  Mr.  Whittaker  recon- 
sidered thfe  idea  of  abandoning  the  profession,  and 
on  the  17th  of  May'commenced  the  third  volume, 
reducing  the  sheet  to  the  original  width,  five  columns, 
and  continued  to  issue  the  paper  until  the  spring  of 
l,s4'.i,  when  he  sold  the  material  to  Samuel  McElhose, 
who  removed  it  to  Brookville,  Jefferson  Co.,  and  there 
commenced  the  Jefferson  Star. 

The  Standing  Wo«c.— In  the  summer  of  1S53,  J. 
8im|iMin  Africa  and  8auiuel  G.  Whittaker  purchased 
a  new  ])rcss,  type,  and  material,  and  commenced  the 
imliliiation  of  a  six-culumn  weekly  independent  paper 
called  77'.  St<u,di,nj  S/nne  Banner.  The  initial  num- 
ber was  issued  .lune  11th,  ami  the  title  was  subse- 
(luently  aliridged  to  The  .Stuniling  Stone.  The  enter- 
prise met  a  fair  measure  of  financial  success,  and  it 
wiiuld  doubtless  have  become  one  of  the  permanent 
eslalilishnients  of  the  borough,  but  circumstances 
directed  the  material  interests  of  the  proprietors  into 
other  channels.  The  senior  having  been  elected 
ciinnty  smveyor,  the  duties  of  that  office  engrossed 
Ins  attention,  and  the  juniiir  desired  to  gratify  an 
inclination  tn  sn-k  a  Imnie  in  the  West,  which,  how- 
ever, was  not  aeeomplished  until  some  years  later, 
Failini;  in  the  effort  to  dispose  of  the  estalili-hment 
tu  a  party  who  would  continue  to  publisli  the  ]ia|ier, 

it  was  sold   to  a  company  of  gentlemen    in    Alt la, 

under  whose  patronage  a  paper  was  lommern^ed,  nut 
(il   ulii.^li  has  grown  the  Allnmi.i  Trihmir. 

Thr  /',/»;».— The  materi^il  of  the  Shir/n/shm;/ 
ll.i-.itd    was    purehased,    and    on    the    :;d    of    Aueust, 

and  r.enjamin  F,  Miller  commenced,  Jlarch  20,  ISGl, 
lo  issue  Tlir   ]Vnrk!ngnien's  Advocate,  which  was  con- 

The  Land  Xews  was  begun  by  lln-h  Lindsay, 
March  It),  1874.  The  pages,  eight  and  lliree-.|iiMrters 
by  eleven  and  one-half  inches,  were  four  columns  wide. 
For  the  first  six  months  it  was  i.ssued  weekly  and 
afterwards  semi-weekly.  Frank  Willoughby  became 
a.ssociated  with  the  founder  of  the  paper  Feb.  15, 
1875,  as  one  of  the  publishers.  With  the  first  num- 
ber of  the  fiftli  volume,  March  11,  1878,  an  enlarge- 
ment was  made  and  "the  patent  inside"  introduced 
and  u,sed  until  June  11,  1879,  when  by  the  introduc- 
tion of  an  improved  press  the  publishers  were  enabled 
to  have  all  tlie  work  on  the  paper  performed  at  home. 

Mr.  Willoughby  retired  June  14,  1880,  leaving  Mr. 
Lindsay  sole  publisher. 

The  Monitor. — The  G/obe,  the  old  Democratic  pai)er, 
having  allied  itself  with  the  Republican  party,  a 
press  and  type  were  purchased  by  a  number  of  the 
citizens  of  the  county,  and  the  publication  of  a  six- 
column  weekly  called  The  Monitor  was  commenced 
in  tlie  borough  of  Huntingdon,  Aug.  30,  1862.  Ru- 
mors were  circldated  that  ruemliers  of  the  One  Hun- 
dred and  Twenty-filth  Keuiment  ol'  reiinsylvania 
Volunteers  from  thi>  eoumy,  then  in  actual  service, 
had  held  a  meeting  and  resolved  upon  the  destruction 
of  the  establishment  on  their  return,  in  retaliation 
for  some  alleged  grievance.  Letters  were  written  to 
members  of  iliff'erent  companies  of  the  reiriment  be- 
fore its  return  to  Hairi-burg,  and  mi  its  reaching  there 
they  were  interviewed  for  the  purpose  of  ascertaining 
the  truth  of  these  rumors,  and  assurances  were  inva- 
riably given  that  no  sucli  meeting  had  been  held,  and 
that  the  preparations  making  for  the  defense  of  the 
property  were  unnecessary.  The  thirty-eighth  num- 
ber of  the  first  volume  was  issued  May  14,  1863.  -Six 

ress,  t> 

"iperty  that 


thai    therealler   tlie    is.ue   ol  the    p:iper    would 
remarked,   ■■/■//.■  I'ninn    has   been   -eir-ii-laiinm 

;(;u,  by  William   Summers,  |.ro|.rietor,  ami    William 

,  Shaw,  .•dilor,  waseoulinued  a  lew  m is. 

From    the   //,;../,   establishment    Williim    F.   Shaw 

■  voice  be  hustled  by  tlio 

,'uur  persons  emlaiigered, 

l!y  the  sacreil  altm-s  of 



obedience  to  the  law  of  the  land,  let  lis  hoth  assert  and  maintaiD  our 
rights.  The  Monilor  nuist  be  le-establislied,  and  every  moment  of  delay 
broods  peril  to  our  cause.  Let  there  he  a  thousand  Democrats  in  coun- 
cil.   There  is  no  man  who  loves  liberty  that  cannot  devote  one  day  to 

"John  S.  Miller,  R.  Bruce  Petrikin,  W.  P.  McNite,  A.  Johnston,  J. 
Simpson  Africa,  E.  L.  Everhart,  F.  Hefright  F.  B.,  Wil- 
liam Colon,  A.  P.  Wilson,  G.  Ashman  Miller,  John  H.  Lightncr, 
George  Mears,  R.  Milton  Speer,  Joseph  Reigger,  Daniel  Africa,  Val- 
entine Hoover,  A.  Owen." 

Pursuant  to  this  call  a  large  meeting  assembled  at 
the  court-house  on  the  clay  appointed.  Gen.  George 
W.  Speer  presided,  assisted  by  fifty  vice-presidents 
and  twenty-two  secretaries,  representing  each  town- 
ship and  borough  in  the  county  From  the  lengthy 
lei  crt  ot  the  committee  on  le  ohitions  the  following 
e\tr\ct  w  IS  tiken 

W        EF»       Tl  t  I 

C     tr  S3    I  all        1  1 

&1   per  the  o  gan  of  tl  e  Deraocratu 

ind  tor  tl  e  e\er   »e    f  tl  ese     gl  ts 

t      li    I  at  oyed  b>  a  1    vlesB  mob 

( heretofore 

On  the  'd  ot  Julv  Ike  Monitoi  leappeared  enlirged 
to  si.\en  columns  with  J  Irvin  Steel  is  editor  and 
publisher.  It  contained  the  following  account  of  the 
"  Destruction  of  the  Monitor:" 

"On  iIk'  JOth  of  last  JLiy,  as  our  readers  will  remember,  the  office  of 

a  base  falsehood.  Tlio 
immortal  honor  upou 
received  the  wai-m  wel 
outrage,  and  condemn 

and  the  scarred  v 

"  We  will  d(.  oui 

Criminal  proceedings  were  commenced  against  a 
number  of  the  participants  and  abettors  of  the  out- 
rage. The  grand  jury  at  August  sessions  found  a 
true  bill  against  seventeen  of  the  rioters.  Si.'c  had 
not  been  taken,  and  the  recognizance  of  another  was 
forfeited.  The  trial  proceeded  against  six  soldiers 
and  four  civilians.  Four  of  the  soldiers  were  con- 
victed and  sentenced  t(j  pay  a  llnr  of  live  (loUars 
each,  and  to  undergo  an  iiii|irisoniiu'ii(  olsix  iiionihs. 
On  the  evening  before  the  Octnlxr  clcclioii  a  pardon 
was  received  from  the  Governor  lor  ihc  piison.^  con- 
victed. About  three  o'clock  on  Saturday  iiioniiim,  .Fuly 
25th,  a  panel  of  one  of  the  front  doors  was  broken 
out  through  which  some  persons  entered  the  office 
and  destioved  thiee  cases  of  type  And  pied  seven  col- 
umns ot  mitt  1  Til  n  jise  aroused  some  of  the 
nu^hb  is    111  1  tl     11   f  1    tit  1 

With  the  til  t  mil  1  ii  ued  in  1865  a  reduction  in 
the    i/e  ot  th     I    I    1  in  ide     At  the  beginning  of 

the  ffuith   \    \  Dill   -Ith    Mr.  Steel   retired, 

and  the  edit  ii  1  ii  in  i  iiantwas  assumed  by  S.  A. 
Mckenzie  whf  w  x  succeeded  by  Joseph  S.  Corn- 
in  in  Decembei  13th  One  jear  later  the  old  size  of 
seven  c  lumns  was  resum  d  On  the  KJtli  of  .July, 
1872  the  typographi  il  ||  ii  i  co  ol'  Ijic  pn]ier  was 
impioved  the  sheet  i  1  ii  It  liiilil  coluiiiiis,  and 
the  heading  chin,,c  1  1  //  /  I'lnn  Mnn'ittir.  Sept. 
22  1874  Ml  Cornmin  letired  and  was  succeeded  by 
feimuel  E  Fleming  ind  M  M  McNeil  as  editors 
ind  pioprietois  The  latter  withdrew  June  12,  1876, 
when  the  name  of  the  publishing  firm  was  changed 
to  &  E   Fleming  &,  Co    and  such  it  yet  remains. 

The  Rejnibhcan  was  established  by  Theo.  H.  Cre- 
mer  Sept  15  1869  With  the  eighth  issue  tiie  title 
was  changed  to  Huntingdon  Coiinfi/  Rrimhliniii.  The 
material  having  been  sold  to  J  R.  Diuiiorrow,  who 
had  become  one  of  the  owners  of  the  Joiinml,  the 
last  numbei  was  issued  Dec   3   1S70. 

The  material  of  the  People's  Defender,  of  Hunting- 
don, was  purchased  by  Alfred  Tyhurst,  who  moved  it 
to  Coalmont,  and  there,  in  February,  1861,  com- 
menced a  weekly  called  The  Broad  Top  Miner,  and 
continued  its  publication  until  the  14th  of  June, 
when,  owing  to  the  then  disturbed  condition  of  the 
country,  work  was  suspended  thereon  and  never  re- 
sumed. Its  material  subsequently  became  a  part  of 
the  first  Monitor  establishment. 

The  Orbisonia  Leader  was  commenced  about  No- 
vember, 1876,  by  R.  J.  Coons,  and  continued  a  few 
years.  The  vacant  place  is  now  ably  filled  by  the 
(h-hixniihi  Dispatch. 

Tin-  /'//./)■//«,  a  religious  paper  issued  in  the  interest 
of  the  German  Baptists  or  "  Brethren,"  by  some  called 
"  Dunkards,"  was  begun  at  Marklesburg  in  January, 
1870,  by  Henry  B.  and  J.  B.  Brumbaugh.  In  the 
fall  of  1874  the  establishment  was  moved  to  Hunt- 
ingdon. Two  years  later  the  Primitire  ('liristimi,  a 
paper  of  the  .same  denomination  that  had  up  to  that 
time   been   published   at   Berlin,  Somerset  Co.,  was 



united  with  it,  and  tlieiK-eforward  the  paper  was 
issued  under  the  latter  name  by  Quinter  &  Brum- 
baugh Bros.  It  has  a  very  large  circulation  over 
many  of  the  States  of  the  Union.  The  establish- 
ment, located  at  the  northwest  corner  of  Washington 
and  Fourteenth  .Streets,  runs  its  presses  by  steam, 
and  has  a  book-bindery  attached.  1 

A  monthly  called  The  Hunliifjdon  Liiemry  Museum 
and  Moiithhj  MUceHanij  became  a  candidate  for  public 
support  early  in  1810.  It  was  conducted  by  William 
R.  Smith  and  Moses  Canan,  and  printed  in  a  cred- 
itable manner  at  the  Guzetle  office.  It  expired  after 
the  issue  of  the  twelfth  number. 

Young  Amcrioi,  Business  Journal,  H<,„„  M„„lhhj, 
and  several  other  pajiers  were  starti'<l  at  different 
times  in  the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  cuntinueil  for 
a  while,  and  then  suspended. 

The  Heridd,  a  weekly  independent  [laper,  was 
started  at  Shirleysburg,  Feb.  1,  1855,  by  John  Lutz. 
At  the  end  of  the  first  year  it  passed  into  the  hands  of 
John  G.  Long,  and  subsequently  to  Benjamin  F.  Mil- 
ler. Under  the  nianagenient  of  the  latter  its  publi- 
cation was  su-i^ended  lor  a  slKjrt  time,  until  on  the 
7tli  of  January,  185S,  Mr.  Lutz  again  assumed  the 
editorial  management,  with  his  son  Benjamin  as  as- 
sistant editor  and  printer.  Until  the  25th  of  March 
the  size  was  Ave  columns,  when  it  was  increased  to 
si.x.  On  the  28th  of  July,  1859,  the  establishment 
having  been  sold  to  R.  Milton  Speer  for  removal  to 
Huntingdon,  and  The  Union  started,  Mr.  Lutz  bade 
adieu  to  his  readers.  A  few  months  later,  in  the 
arrangements  that  resulted  in  the  consolidation  of  the 
Itiintin'jilon  Journal  and  American  papers,  Mr.  Lutz 
ulitaintd  the  material  of  the  Journal  office,  with 
which,  on  the  4tli  of  January,  1860,  he  resumed  the 
l.ublicati..n  of  The  Herald.  From  the  30th  of  April 
until  the  5th  of  November,  1861,  the  paper  was  is.^ued 

Mount  Union  Times.— The  first  paper  published  in 
Mount  Union  was  called  the  Mount  Union  Times,  and 
was  issued  weekly  by  Adam  Harshberger  and  John  S. 
Bare,  about  1867,  with  Benjamin  Lutz  as  foreman. 
The  press  was  the  one  previously  used  at  Shirleysburg 
in  the  publication  of  the  Shirlei/shur;/  Herald.  The  , 
M'lun/  Union  Times  waa  a  six-  or  seven-column  paper, 
witli  a  "  patent"  inside,  printed  in  Chicago,  and  was 
the  fir^t  paper  with  a  "  patent"  inside  published  in 
tliis  |i;uf  of  the  Statr.  Before  the  Times  had  been 
puhli^hiil  a  yeai',  Lutz.  who  by  some  means  retained 

othre  to  W.  1'.  .McLaui;lilin,  who  started  a  weekly, 
thv  Mount  Union  //,/-/./,  w ii h  Lutz  as  c..iHpo>it. ,r  and 
foreman.  Mes-rs.  llaishber-er  and  Bare  eomplete.l 
the  vear  l,v -riling  their  papers  printed  at  the  .!/■ 
/„„„„  Tril,,,,,,-  olliee.  an.l  at  the  end  of  the  year  the 
paper  .su.-pended.  .Mr.  .McLau-iilia  ran  the  //- ,w,'./ 
iorashort  time  and  >ohl  it  to  Uev.  llowar.l  11.  .lef 
fries,  now  of  Denver,  Col.  Jellries  wa-  a  -.n  of  Rev, 
Cvrus  Jeffries,  a  n..ted  .<j.irituali>t  and  the  h.under  of 

a  denomination  known  as  the  "  Resurrectionists,"  of 
which  the  son  Howard  was  a  minister.  (This  is  the 
same  Howard  B.  Jefiries  who  married  a  couple  in  a 
balloon  at  Cincinnati  some  years  ago,  an  account  of 
wduch  wa.s  published  in  all  the  papers.) 

Some  time  after,  probably  in  the  latter  part  of  the 
year  1868,  John  Dougherty  bought  the  Herald  from 
Jeffries  and  imported  an  editor  named  Seaman  from 
Elizabethtown,  Lancaster  Co.,  Pa.  Mr.  Seaman  and 
Mr.  Dougherty  not  agreeing,  the  latter  took  editorial 
charge  of  the  paper  himself,  and  continued  its  publi- 
cation until  September,  1869,  when  Theodore  H. 
Cremer,  of  Huntingdon,  bought  out  the  establish- 
ment, and  taking  it  to  Huntingdon  started  the  Hunt- 
ingdon Eepnblienn. 

No  paper  was  published  in  Mount  L^nion  from  the 
last  issue  of  the  Herald,  in  August,  1869,  until  Febru- 
ary, 1873,  when  H.  E.  Shaffer  started  the  Mount  Union 
Times,  a  seven-column  weekly,  with  new  material  and 
imitorted  outside.  Mr.  Shaffer  continued  the  Times 
successfully  until  the  summer  of  1875,  when  Dr.  G. 
W.  Thompson,  Rev.  Cyrus  Jeffries,  Joseph  Bardine, 
B.  F.  Douglas,  and  John  H.  Miller  formed  a  company 
under  the  firm-name  of  Dr.  G.  W.  Thompson  &  Co., 
and  bought  the  office  and  paper  for  fourteen  hundred 
dollars.  They  changed  the  name  of  the  paper  to  77;f 
People's  Era,  and  continued  it  as  a  weekly  for  some 
months  with  Rev.  Cyrus  Jeffries  as  editor,  and  John 
H.  Miller  as  local  editor.  In  a  few  weeks  Joseph 
Bardine  took  the  place  of  the  latter  as  local  editor, 
but  the  paper  was  far  from  being  a  success,  and  in  the 
fall  of  the  same  year  John  M.  Bowman,  of  Johns- 
town, bought  the  paper,  and  rechristened  it  the  Mount 
Union  Times,  and  printing  both  sides  at  home,  ran  it 
until  August,  1877,  when  the  paper  was  sold  to  W.  T. 
Bair,  of  the  Shirlegsburc,  Herald.  (W.  T.  Bair  had 
started  the  Mount  Union  Herald,  a  three-column 
weekly  folio,  in  September,  1875,  and  after  a  year 
moved  it  to  Shirleysburg. )  Mr.  Bair  published  the 
Times  (part  of  the  time  printing  both  sides  and  then 
the  inside  only)  until  August,  1879,  when  it  was 
bought  by  Dr.  A.  R.  McCarthy,  wlio,  after  a  cessa- 
tion of  seven  weeks,  revived  it  a~  a  weekly.  Sept.  '^o, 
1879,  with  John  S.  Bare  as  local  edife.r,  and  after- 
wards in  succession,  W.  E.  McCarthy,  Millard  T. 
Whittaker,  and  V.  B.  McCarthy.  Except  from  ,Tan- 
uary  to  April,  1882,  when  the  paper  was  published  as 
a  semi- weekly,  the  Times  has  been  issued  regularly 
as  a  weekly  since  under  the  control  of  the  present 
editor,  wdio  has  kept  it  going  longer  than  any  previous 

The  Mountain  Voice,  a  four-page  weekly,  commenced 
by  B.  F.  Gehrett,  M.D.,  at  Broad  Top  City.  June  22, 
1S76,  who  was  succeeded  Jan.  27,  1877,  by  Joseph  J. 
M(irr(iw,  was  in  existence  some  time  over  a  year. 
The  Ho/ne  Monthly,  an  eight-page  paper  "  for  the 
family  circle,"  commenced  in  January,  1879,  by  E. 
B.  Swaiie,  in  the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  had  reached 
several  numbers,  when,  on  the  nitrht  of  the  28th  of 


June,  some  persons  ( 
type,  and  threw  the 

ntered  the  office,  carried  off  the 


Term  Adm 


rerm  Admitted. 

n  into  the  canal. 

A.S  the  paper 

J,.siali  E.  Barkley 
Oratz  Etting, 



John  Cresswell,  Jr 

,  April  12.  1.S42. 
Jan     17,  1843. 

was  exempt  from  anything  like  personalities,  no 


Charles  B  Seely, 



James  S,' Stewart, 

April  17,  1.843. 

son  could  be  found  f 

jr  this  outrage. 

Hugh  Brady, 



William  Dorris,  ' 


William  I'alton, 



John  S,  McVev, 

Aug,  24,  1S43. 

John  Williamson, 
J.din  G.  Miles, 

Aug.    15, 


Samuel  M,  Lititi, 
A.lin  W,  Benedict 

Jan,    19,  1.S44. 

Ainil    0,  IS44, 

Williiim  Swift, 

Nov.    12, 


,Inbll    lllV.tlnll , 

April  in,  l,-i44. 


Barton  HcMullen 
Isaac  Fisher, 

April     '.i, 
Apiil   11, 

■  lusi.pli    K„n,|.. 

.lair  U    Is"' 


Abram  S.  Wilson, 
Ephraim  Banks, 

Aug.    l::, 
Aug,    1  ;, 

,l,.,l,.,l,,,l.  .t„  k. 

.MM,  IJ,  1S45. 

List  of  Attorneys  ddmittud 

to  the  Bar  from  the  Organization 

of  the 

Samiiel  M.  Green, 
Willnim  J.  Christj 
John  A.  lilodget. 

Aug.  1.1, 
,   Aug.  1.;, 
Aug.  17, 

'i'iim"  'k'k'"|'"' 

,\in.    I:.  ls4.-,. 

County  to  the 

present  date,  December,  IS 


'\"y'.<.iZ'  '' 

Aug    1:1,  1.S4.:,, 

T."i  ni  Ai 


Term  Ad 


McClay  Hall, 

Aug.  11, 

Aug,  14,  1845. 

•George  Wharton,      prior  to 


An.lrew  Tulloh, 



T.  Nixon  VaiidyUe 

,    Nov.   12, 

Willn.iii    I.Jacobs 

Aug.  16,  1845. 

Cliarles  Smith,          prior    t 


John   Rose, 



Ricliard  H.  illcCab 

-,  Jan.    VI. 

li-     C.     Iiiinbar, 


James  Hamilton,      prior    t 


W.  A.  Tbnnipson, 



John  J.  Il,.i,d..r--i,„ 

,   Aug.    '.I, 


Aug.  21,1845. 

Bradford,           prior    t 


I.   W.  Ciiliiertson 



S|.-«:ul  Sl,.,.|, 

Aug.    '.', 


TiliMii    1.  c.lby, 

.Ian.    11,  184(5. 

James  Ri.ldle,           prior    t 





■''""■"    ^'     I'""- 

Aug.  in, 

San, ml  Slc.^l 

.Ian.    21,  1M6. 

George  Fisher,          Jnne, 


W    Lee  llannum, 



Ainir.w  .1    Clin,-. 

Apiii  11. 

.biliii  .^.,,tt. 

.Ian.     2;    1S16, 

W.  JI.  Brown,          Dec. 


James  Kedie, 



Jonathan  (.ill  lisle. 

Aug.    ^. 


llaikl   |-,,.,|M  1 

A]iiil  I  1,  1,SJ6, 

Johufa.lwallader,  Dec. 


David  Irwin, 



Robert  Wallace, 

Jau.   12, 


.1   l.,,«  iir 

Ai.iil  l,-i.  Is46, 

David  JIcKeelian,    Dec. 


John  Miles, 



Bond  Valentine, 

Nov.  1.-,, 

•I.'lin  U  .  1  hi. nil.. M 

.  .\|iiil  la,  I,s47. 

Thomas  Nestit,        Dec. 


John  .Shippen, 


1802.  Maclean, 

April  10, 

.I..I111  l;,..,i. 

\kiil  I7,]s48, 

Jacob  Nagle,             June 

,  1711(1. 

Thomas  Gemmill 



Andievv  Parker, 

April  in. 

1,1.  .•  .    \  ,   M  ,  ., 

\-i.:     I-.  l-4:s. 

■Galhraitli  Patterson,  June, 


.b,-i,,l,  Espy, 



James  P.  Hepburn 

April  in, 

.1   .-     |.        \  :     >  . 

1.1       1  !,  1  -4!). 

Snmuel  Riddle,         Dec. 


Thninas  Bnrnside 



Calvin  Blythe, 

May  :lii. 

1;    r.i.       r.  ■■ 

\   .        1    .   IS49. 

Richard  Smith,         Dec. 


Siunuel  Massey, 



91.  1).  Ma-o-ehaii, 

Aug.  14. 

'■'■■"   "  "    "  ''•  ' 

.\n--   11,   ls49. 

Jonatlian  Walker,    April, 


Andrew  Hoggs, 



Niith.   1'    Krl|.|!n;i 

.  .\im   1  1. 

1  •;;niii,,|    llkinrliai 

1,   Ken.      .-,,  1.S49. 

Thomas  Nesbit,        Aug. 


William  Ward, 



M  lilh.  «    |i    i;i._L 

'   ' '   '   ^     "■•'>'■ 

.Ian.    13,1850. 

John  Clark,              Aug. 


Walker  Reed, 



.\iidi.'«    1'    «  il.-ii 

.\].til  in. 

''•''  "'     "       llnllll-. 

Nnv.   12,  ls,50. 

Robert  Duncan,        Aug. 


Moses  Canan, 



'■"''"■'  "■    """''■" 

All-.   1  1 

-"  "      1  ld-1, 

.Ian      22,18.51. 

Jacob  Carpenter,      April, 


Isaac  B.  Parker, 



.l.iiiHs  .\.  r.'lnkiii 

.Vug    1... 

s.ini'l  n.  W  jh^.inl, 

.\|ail  11,  ]^:.\. 

William  Ross,           April, 


James  M.  Riddle, 



.\l..\!.tll|rl      KllIC, 

A|illl  1.'., 

"■'"""■1    !■    '■ki-:.n 

.  .kill    I  ;,  is.vj. 

Henry  Wood,             April, 


William  Norris, 



S.iiiiih-I  .M.  11.11  kla 

.Ainil  1.-., 

.bibll     .N.     l'|,:U,Ji, 

A|iiil  Ij,  |s.:,2. 

Joria.  Henderson,     April, 


A.  Henderson,  Jr 



Alexander  (iwiu. 

Nov.     9, 


Samuel  T,  Brown, 

Ajiril  12,  1.S52, 

Thomas  Elder,          Nov. 


John  Carpenter, 



Charles  W.  Kelso, 

Nov.     9, 


H.  Biicher  Swope, 

April  14,  1.8,53. 

Thomas  Collins,       Aug. 


James  M.  Russell 



Samuel  S.  Whartor 

,  April, 


William  P.  Schell, 

Aug,  11,1S53. 

Abrm.  Mnrnson,      Aug. 


Wm.  R.  Smith, 



Hamilton  Semple, 

Aug.    9, 


Thomas  L.  Fletche 

,  N-nv.    17,  1.8,53, 

James  Morrison,       Jan. 


John  Tod,  of  Bed 


Nov.     4. 

s  ■.! 

.tiliii  .\iii,it,ij... 

.^'n^      -1,  |s.-,3. 

John  T.yo.i,                Aprii, 





Nathan  Sirgent, 

Aug.  m,. 

.1   .liii    W  ,    .M.iM,  II,, 

.\l  1  1.  11,  l-.'i4. 

George  Duffleld,        April, 


William  Dean, 



James  T.  Hale, 

Nov,  l:',. 

iMMi   III      llii,..(l, 

\:,      1.-.     I..-4. 

Thomas  Hadileu,      Aug. 


George  Burd, 



James  Crawford, 

Jan.    11. 

.\.    \   ,    1   .11-,. 11-, 

Aiig    1  ■.,  ls.-,4. 

Thouws  Anderson,  April, 


John  Johnston, 

Aug.    12,1811. 

Espy  L.  Anderson 

Apiil    :•,,  1 .1  \,.ir, 

Jau,    10.  1855, 

Charles  Huston,        Aug. 


Alex.  A.  Audersor 

,Ang.    15 


John  McGee, 

Aug,  m. 

1.1  «..  M    Stewart, 

Jan.    10,  1855. 

R.  Duncan,                 Aug. 


Thos.  Moutgomer 



James  Bnrnside, 

Jan,    H, 

1 "lan  lliiir. 

April  14,  1855. 

William  Reynolds,   Aug. 


Dan.  S.  Houghton 


Reuben  C.  Hale, 

Nov,  11, 


11.  \\all,cr  Woods, 

Jan.    12,1866. 

Jesse  Bloore,               Nov. 


Wm.  W.  Potter, 



A.  B.  Norris, 

April  15, 


George  M.HouIz, 

April  13,1857. 

Evan  Rice  Evans,    April   1 

,  1797. 

John  Blanchard, 



Wm.  P.  Orbison, 

Nov    12, 

Erskiue  U.  Miles, 

Aug.  10,  1857. 

Roliert  McClnre,       April   17 

,  1797. 

Thomas  Blair, 



Samuel  Calvin, 
George  Taylor, 

April  12, 


John    R.    Edie,    of 

Robert  Allison,         April, 


William  W.  Sraitli 

,  April, 


April  12, 



Aug.  11,  1857. 

Thomas  Duncan,      April, 


Alex.  Thompson, 



David  Blair, 

Aug,    8, 


Morde.  JlcKiimey 

Nov.    12,1857. 

David  Watt,              April, 


James  M.  Kelly, 



Thos.  P.  Campbell 

Nov.  15, 


Henry  0.  Smith, 

Nov.   13,1857. 

Elias  White  Hale,    Aug. 


Duncan  S.  Walke 

,  April  14 


David  Candor, 

April  11, 


J.  S.  Robison, 

Jan.    13,1.858. 

John  Lyon,                Nov. 


David  Huling, 

April   15 


R.  A.  McMurtrie, 

April  15, 


John  Cessna,  of  Bee 

Wm.  A.  Patterson, 

Jiimes  Steel, 

Aug.    IS 


John  P.  Anderson, 

April    9, 



Jan.  15,  1858. 

ofMifflin  County,  April, 


Janu'S   BIitDowell- 


Thos.  C.  McDowell 

June  19, 


Wm.  A.  McGalliard,  Nov.  1.5, 1858. 

H.  N.  McAllister, 
John  Feuelon, 

Aug.  1.3. 
Aug.  12, 


Andrew  Reed, 
Wm.  H.  Woods, 

Nov.  19,  1858. 


Jan,    12,1859. 

>  The  first  court  was  held 

on  the  second  Tuesday  in 



George  W.  Barton, 

Aug.  12, 


M.  H.  Jolly, 

Apiil  11,1859. 

The  dockets  which  contiined  the  proceedings  of  the  C 

luvt  of  Common 

Thaddens  Banks, 

Nov.  12, 

Henry  T.White, 

April  14, 1859. 

Pleas  from  that  time  to  December  term,  1788,  inclusive 

were,  ace 


Gen.J.  B.Anthony,  Jan.  15, 


James  D.  Camphel 

,  Nov.  14,  1859. 

to  tradition,  destroyed  by  Geu.  McAle.vy  .and   his   me 

n,  therefo 

W.n.  M  Stewart, 

Jan.   15, 


R.  Milton  Speer, 

Nov.  14,  1859. 

respective  dates  of  the  adn 

ssion  of  members  of  the 

bar  prior  to  1789 


,Ji(n.   15, 


J.  H.  0.  Corbin, 

Nov.  14,  1859. 

cannot  he  given.    The  nam 

s,  however,  of  all  who  appear  to  have  been 

Jeremiah  S.  Black 

Aug.  17, 


T.  M.  Cornpropst, 

Aug.  16,  ISCO. 

practicing  are  given  at  the  1 

ead  of  this  list. 

Joshua  F.  Cox, 

Aug.  17,  1 


Samuel  J.  Murray, 

Aug.  21,  i.son. 

2  The  earliest  dockets  ext 

nt  are  very  meagre,  scarcely  amounting  to 

Aug.  K.  Cornyn, 

Nov.     9, 


E.  Hammond, 

Jan.    21,  1801. 

respectable  minutes  of  Ihe  proceedings  of  the  courts. 

No  accoa 

nt  was 

William  C.  Logan, 

Jan.   12, 


John  Dean, 

Aug.  10,1861. 

taken  of  days  in  Ihe  entry 

f  suits  or  judgments,  nor 

n  the  adn 

i  ssion 

Robert  L.Johnstor 

,  April  13, 


Warren  Raymond, 

Jan.    15,  1.SC2. 

of  altoriieys  ;  evcrvtbing  appears  to  have  been  referred  to  the  ter 

11,  and 

E.V.  Everhait, 

Jnne  21, 


Rud-h.  McMurtrie, 

April  16,1802. 

the  date  of  that  is  often  obs 

cure.     Hence  the  term  an 

i  not  the 

lay  of 

P.  Frazer  Smith, 

June  23, 


Joseph  Parker, 

April  21,  l,sil2. 

the  month  is  given  in  this  1 

St  down  to  about  the  year  1817.    Fio 

n  that 

Theo.  H.  Cromer, 

Aug.  10. 


Samuel  L.  Russell, 

April  23,1862. 

time  on  more  attention  is  g 

ven  to  dates,  as  will  appear  by  refere 

nee  to 

John  W.  Shaw, 

Aug.  11, 


John  M,  Bailey, 

Aug,  11,1862. 

the  list. 

William  Ayres, 

Jan.    10, 


P.  Marion  Lytic, 

Aug.  11,  1862. 


I'crm  Admilteil. 

Term  AJmiltL-.l. 

m.  A.  Wallace, 

Aug.  14,  1802. 

James  B.  RidJle,       Aug.  10,  1874. 

n.  A.  Stelihens, 

Nuv.     9,  1KC2. 

Jus.  S.  I..-i»-iiigriug,  Jan.  20,  1S75. 

M,  \V„..dUuk, 

Nov.  11,  1802. 

George  B.,      JI'cli  2:),  1875. 

April  12, 1SC4. 

W.S.  Alexanck-r,      MVIi  23,  1875. 

.1.  A.  MoOiiilM 

Aug.     8,  1864. 

W.  D.  Horning.         April  21,  1875. 

i.z.e  A,  l,..vdl. 

Aug.  Id,  1804. 

Edward  J.  McCoy,    Aug.  18,1875. 

.1.1.  1!.  .Mass-y, 

Nov,  14,  1804. 

Herman  IJ.  North,   Aug.  19,  1875. 

-\m,  M.  (■..uik-y 

No%-.  2I,1S(;4. 

J.  D.  Hi.  ks,                Nov.     8,  1875. 

M.  WilliUMlSUll 

Jan.    17,  18I-,.-,. 

Thorn  IS  M.  Polloi:k,  Nov.  15, 1875. 

in  F,  Kreaiiff, 

A|iril  11,  l80.n. 

T.  W.  JacUM.n,          Doc.    21,1875. 

».  Ci.  U,  Findlay 

Aug.  14,  1805. 

EzraD.  I'aiker,         Jan.   10,1870. 

Ilium  A.  Sipo, 

Aug.  14,  1805. 

Ch.-«.  A.  Burnett,      Jan.   11,  1870. 

B.  Arniiliige, 

Aug.  14,  160S. 

Ja«.  J.  Cliaml.ei  lin,  April  10, 1876. 

oniiwM.  Ltlcy, 

Aug.  14,1805. 

William  W.  Dorris,  April  12,  1870. 


Aug.  15,  1805. 

A.  A.  Anilerson,        April  12,  1876. 

It.Mi  S   Lytle, 

Aug.  l:i,  1800. 

Frank  Love.               Aug.  21,  1870. 

S..MI-5I  111  trie. 

Aug.  Ki,  ISOO. 

S.  I>.  McDivitt,          Oct.      3,  1870. 

Aug.  15,  1800. 

F.  B.  Tiernev,            Nov.  13,  1870. 

11    .-,111^1  ee, 
,11    «ill,i.ni3..ii 

Apiil    8,1807. 

JohnOornman,         Jan.   15,1877. 
C.  S.  Marks,                June  14,  1877. 

April  15,  1807. 

S.  L.  Glasgow,           June  16, 1877. 

.  18GS.     J.  Fr 

George  11.  Spang, 

J.  Hall  Mii-ser, 

Apiil  12,1809. 

D.  M.  De  Vore,          Jan.  10, 

J.  J. 

Nov.  11,  1809. 

J.  M.  A.  Pa.=smor.>,    Jan.   17, 


Jan.  20,  1.S70. 

Edward  L.  Co-V,         April    7, 

Wil-i.ii  r  sp.-.k, 

April  11,  1870. 

James  A.  Fleming,   Aug.  18, 

W    II 

April  11, 1870. 

A.  Porter  Hney,         Aug,  l.S, 

1!.  S.u.i   .M.lllduir 

Aug.    8,1870. 

Lemuel  II.  Beers,      Sept.  i", 

Blih,  Z.iilliiUT, 

Aug.    8,1870. 

John  D.  Dorris,         Sept.  27, 

Fri.leri.k  Jeakel, 

Aug.    8,1870. 

Charles  G.  Br..wn,    April  11, 

U.  C.  Madden, 

Nov.  14,1870. 

Dan'I  McLaughlin,  April  IS, 

J.  R.  Dnrliorow, 

Jan.    10,1871. 

Charles    H.iwer,  of 


.1.111.    I'l,  1n7. 

Ueber  McHilgh, 

April  10,  1882. 


All-  i;.  1^7. 

.     Howard  E.  But/,, 

April  10,  1882. 

F,.r.   21 1!  1S74 

Clement  Hale, 

April  10,  1882. 

April  22,  IN74 

John  Y. 

April  12,  1882. 

1   William  .s.  Taylor 


rposr  now  t 

o  -ivo  a  brief  1, 

story  of  the 


iiLiiiCiiuiity  IV.. 
t.itlle|.re-elll  t 
lit-  have  lieell 

11  theiir:,'aiii- 
iiie.     Tolliis 


li.t   of  all 
turncys  nf 

iirt>    of    the 


.lilt,     Willi 

1,.-   ilate   of    till 

r  aiiiiiis>ion 


iiiir    hi-tur 

ml.       Tlii-    l-i.n 

1-  the  lia<is 
■ily    he    eoii- 

(  If 

'1'  1 

rniirM-  tlii- 

.TM,,,-,    will 
-.111-  Ullii  h 

-iHin  idler  t 

ilplir-llril  their 

.leiits.if  the 



And  that  were  resident.s  of  the  county  many 
left  no  monument  in  court  except  the  brief  record  of 
their  admission;  their  deeds  are  forgotten,  and  all 
that  can  be  done  now  is  to  save  their  names  from 
oblivion.  But  there  are  a  few  names  standing  out  as 
landmarks,  historic  names  that  have  outlived  their 
day  and  generation,  names  that  have  not  fallen  a  prey 
to  the  tooth  of  Time  and  yet  survive  in  the  century 
that  succeeded  their  own,  and  shall  form  the 
subjects  of  sketches  of  such  length  as  the  iironiinence 
of  each  may  demand. 

The  county  was  organized  on  the  20th  of  Septem- 
ber, 1787,  by  an  act  of  Assembly  of  that  date,  the 
organic  law  itself  fixing  Huntingdon  as  the  seat  of 
justice,  and  directing  the  terms  of  the  courts  to  com- 
mence on  the  second  Tuesdays  in  December,  March, 
June,  and  September  of  each  year.  Lazarus  B.  JIc- 
Olean  was  commissioned  prothonotary  of  the  Court 
of  the  Common  Pleas  and  clerk  of  the  Courts  of 
Quarter  Sessions,  Oyer  and  Terminer,  and  Orphans' 
Court ;  and  Andrew  Henderson  was  commissioned  reg- 
ister of  wills  and  recorder  of  deeds  in  and  for  the 
county.  McClean  was  from  Franklin  County,  and 
was  commissioned  on  the  25th  of  September,  17S7  ; 
Henderson  was  from  Chester  County,  and  was  com- 
missioned on  the  29th  of  the  same  month.  A 
sheritr  was  furnished  in  the  i)erson  of  Benjamin 
Elliott,  a  citizen  of  the  county,  who  was  commissioned 
on  the  22d  of  October,  1787.  Robert  Galbraith  was 
commissioned  president  judge  of  the  county  courts 
on  the  23d  of  November.  At  the  same  time  the 
Supreme  Executive  Council  commissioned  Thomas 
Dunetin  Smith,  justice-elect  for  the  town  of  Hunt- 
ingdon; John  Williams,  justice-elect  for  the  dis- 
trict of  Huntingdon  township;  Thomas  McCune, 
justice-elect  for  the  district  of  the  township  of  Ty- 
rone; and  William  Phillips,  justice-elect  for  the 
district  of  the  township  of  W'oodberry,  all  by  one 
commission.  They  combined  the  offices  of  justices 
of  the  peace  and  associate  judges,  and  under  the 
judicial  system  then  existing  they  held  the  courts 
of  the  eotinty.  Thus  we  had  all  the  machinery 
for  holding  courts, — county  officers,  a  president  judge 
and  four  associates, — and  the  people  no  doubt  were 
happy  in  the  contemplation  of  this  important  fact, 
and  rejoiced  at  the  prospect  before  them.  All  things 
were  now  rcaily.  but  there  was  no  court-house. 
One  Lu.hvig  Si'll.  li.iwever.  had  a  hou-e.-a  piiblie- 
hoii-e,— ami  the  aet  of  A.->enihly  which  lireatlied 
the  new  county  into  being  directed  that  the  courts 
shoiilil  lie  held  ;it  his  house  until  a  court-house  could 
lie  built.  The  house  of  Mr.  Sell  stood  on  the  north 
side  ot  .Mle-heiiy  Street,  between  Second  and  Third, 
nil  the  lot  now  owned  and  occupied  by  Thomas 
Fisher,  anil  it  elianged  owners  several  times  during 
the  piri.iil  wliieli  the  courts  were  held  in  it.      The 

lii-.-l  I ri-hoii-e  proper,  which  stood  on  Third  Street, 

lietiveeii  I'.nii  and  .\llegheny,  was  not  completed  till 



The  first  court  was  held  in  the  house  of  Ludwig 
Sell,  on  the  second  Tuesday  in  December,  1787,  by  the 
president  and  associate  judges  above  named,  nearly  a 
century  ago.  At  the  present  date  but  little  is  known 
of  most  of  them,  except  that  they  were  considered 
good  men  in  their  day,  the  associates  being  chosen  by 
the  voting  portion  of  the  people,  and  commissioned 
by  the  Supreme  Executive  Council  fur  a  term  of 
seven  years,  not,  as  afterwards  under  the  Constitution 
of  1790,  for  life  or  during  good  behavior.  From  tlie 
commission  of  Robert  Galbraith  it  appears  that  he 
was  a  citizen  of  Huntingdon  County  at  the  date  of 
his  appointment.  But  little  is  known  of  liini  at  this 
remote  time.  He  was  learned  in  the  law,  and  was 
a  justice  of  the  peace,  like  his  associates,  also  a 
surveyor.  Of  the  latter  fact  ample  evidence  is  found 
in  old  surveys.  He  held  the  position  of  president 
judge  from  Nov.  23,  1787,  till  Aug.  20,  17i)l,  when  he 
was  superseded  by  Thomas  Smith,  a  law  judge,  as 
will  be  seen  farther  on.  He  was  also  commissioned 
an  associate  judge  afterwards  under  the  Constitution 
of  1790,  and  sat  with  Judge  Riddle  on  the  bencli  as 
late  as  November  term,  1802.  His  death  occurred 
a  few  years  later,  as  he  was  never  on  the  bench  after 
i  that  date.'  • 

Thomas  Duxcan  Smith,  one  of  the  first  justices 
I  and  associate  judges  of  the  county,  was  a  son  of  Wil- 
!  Ham  Smith,  D.D.,  the  founder  of  the  town  of  Hunt- 
ingdon. He  was  a  member  of  the  medical  profession, 
i  reared  in  Philadelphia,  but  had  become  a  resident  of 
;  Huntingdon,  in  and  around  which  his  father  owned 

i  a  large  amount  of  real  estate.  He  died  in  the  twenty- 
I  ninth  year  of  his  age.  He  was  born  Nov.  18,  1760, 
{  and  died  July  9,  1789,  aged  twenty-eight  years,  seven 
[  months,  and  twenty-one  days.  He  was  buried  in  the 
i  Huntingdon  Cemetery,  where  a  huge  marble  slab 
!  marks  his  grave  and  that  of  his  brother  Richard. 
I  Other  justices  and  associate  judges  were  afterwards 

I  commissioned  before  the  tenure  of  office  was  changed 
I  by  the  adoption  of  the  Constitution  of  1790.  In 
June,  1789,  we  had  Thomas  Wilson  and  John  Little, 
!  in  addition  to  the  four  who  had  been  previously  com- 
i  missioned.  The  courts  held  by  these  gentlemen  were 
called  justices'  courts.  The  associates  sometimes 
held  sessions  in  the  absence  of  Galbraith,  the  presi- 
dent. The  chief  business  of  these  courts  was  to  ex- 
amine and  discharge  insolvent  debtors,  with  whom 
the  prison  was  at  times  filled.  Even  the  attor- 
neys were  not  all  free  from  imprisonment  for  debt, 
and  some  of  them  had  to  pass  through  the  ordeal, 
quaintly  termed  the  "  flint-mill." 

Thomas  Smith  was  the  first  president  judge 
learned  in  the  law  who  presided  in  the  courts  of 
this  county.  On  the  20th  of  August,  1791,  he  was 
commissioned  by  Thomas  MifBin,  Governor,  as  presi- 
dent judge  of  the  several  courts  in  the  district  con- 

i  proven  on  tlie  '.id  of  Feljruary 

sisting  of  the  counties  of  Cumberland,  Franklin, 
Bedford,  Huntingdon,  and  Mifflin.  He  continued 
president  judge  of  this  district  only  for  the  short 
])eriod  of  two  years  and  five  months.  On  the  ."Ist  of 
Jainiaiy,  1704,  he  wns  promoted  by  an  appointment 
to  a  se;it  on  llir  Supmni'  lU-nch,  and  he  continued  to 



he  justices  ol'  the  Supreme  Court  until  the 
i  ileatli,  which  occurred  on  the  31st  day  of 
19,  fifteen  years  and  two  months  after  the 
date  of  his  appointment  as  a  justice  of  the  Supreme 
Court.  His  brethren  of  the  bencli  at  different  times 
were  Chief  Justices  McKean,  Shippen,  and  Tilgh- 
man,  and  Justices  Yeates  and  Brackenridge.  The 
opinions  written  by  him  compare  well  with  those  by 
his  brethren,  and  are  contained  in  2d,  3d,  and  4th 
Yeates'  and  1st  Binney's  Reports. 

At  that  time  the  State  was  divided  into  circuits,  in 
which  tlie  judges  of  the  Supreme  Court,  one  or  more 
by  turns,  lield  sessions  of  the  ( ,'ircuit  Courts.  Thomas 
Smith  and  Jasper  Yeates  held  one  of  these  courts  at 
Huntingdon  on  the  2',lth  of  May,  1806.  On  the  27th 
of  April,  1807,  Judge  Smith  again  held  a  Circuit 
Court  at  Huntingdon.  He  and  his  brethren  of  the 
Supreme  Bench  held  Circuit  Courts  here  annually  for 
a  number  of  years  in  April,  May,  and  June  of  differ- 
ent years.  From  the  decisions  of  these  courts  writs 
of  error  and  appeals  could  be  taken  to  the  Supreme 
Court  in  Banc,  at  the  hearing  of  which  the  judge  who 
had  tried  the  case  on  the  circuit  generally  gave  no 
opinion,  but  left  the  final  decision  to  his  brethren. 
No  causes  were  originally  instituted  in  the  Circuit 
Courts,  but  were  transferred  to  it  from  the  Courts  of 
Common  Pleas  and  Quarter  Sessions  by  certiorari  or 
habeas  corpue,  and  appeals  were  also  allowed  to  them 
from  the  Orphans'  Courts  and  Registers'  Courts.  The 
first  Circuit  Courts  were  established  in  1799,  and  con- 
tinued ten  years.  They  were  abolished  in  1809,  and 
in  this  county  all  the  then  pending  cases  were  trans- 
ferred to  the  Common  Pleas  to  November  term,  1809. 
They  are  contained  in  Continuance  Docket  F,  begin- 
ning at  page  79. 

Judge  Smith  was  a  half-brother  of  William  Smith, 
D.D.,  the  founder  of  the  town  of  Huntiie^Jon,  an^l  llie 
only  brother  he  had  in  America.  Hewasaii  l^iii^lisli- 
maii  by  birth  and  education,  dignified  in  manner,  and 
upheld  the  honor  of  courts  and  the  dignity  of  the 
legal  profession,  and  would  not  permit  his  most  inti- 
mate iriend  to  cast  even  a  shadow  of  contenijit  upon 
I  the  judicial  ermine.  This  quality  in  him  is  iiiirly 
I  illustrated  in  the  following: 

i      Judge  Smith  had  been  a  surveyor,  and  had  made 

'  many  of  the  early  surveys  in  this  part  of  the  State 

prior  to  his  appointment  to  a  judgeship.     In  making 

these  surveys  he  had  with  him  among  others  one  Pat 

Leonard,    as    chain-carrier   or   other   assistant,   and 

[  in  camping  out,  eating,  drinking,  and   sleeping  to- 

j  gether,  an  intimacy  and  familiarity  grew  up  between 

I  tliem,  especially  on  Pat's  part,  which  Leonard  could 

!  not  drop  when  Smith  assumed  the  dignitv  which  is 


i.  ..l.i 

ami  wi^lied  every  one  to  know  that  he  had  a  friend  at 
(.■(inrt.  At  the  time  referred  to  the  courts  were  held 
at  the  house  designated  in  the  act  of  Assembly,  kept 
as  a  tavern  hy  :\Ir^.  Haines,  where  the  court  liar 
was  separati'd  from  the-  <ither  bar  and  llu-  cduit- 
ronni  liv  ]iolrs  rut  and  adjusted  for  tlie  |.ur|M>-i-. 
jA-.nard  .>l,taii„-d  a  lai-e'  bowl  from  ibr  land- 
lady   and    a    pint   ..f    whiskey,    which   he   bad     n>ad.. 

tlie  familiarity  actpiired  as  stated,  he  api)roached  the 
judge,  and  proffering  the  bowl  to  him,  said,  "Here, 
Tani,  take  a  hirer  of  this  before  you  charge  the  jury." 
The  judge,  however,  would  iiol  come  down  from  his  | 
dignity   nor  iiubibe  from  the   bcjwl,  however  dry  he  i 
may  have  been,  but  looked  upon   Pat's  familiarity  as 
a  contempt  of  court,  and  ordered  him  to  to  be  impris-  | 
oned  in  the  jail  of  the  county;  whereupon  Leonard 
was  taken  to  a  little  pen  made  of  slabs  or  puncheons, 
which  -tnnd  where  .Miller's  tannery  now  is,  and  there 
imprisoned   for   a    few   hours.     Thus    he   was   put    in 
"  durance  vile''  for  no  other  otfcnse  than  his  kimlness 
and  familiarity  towards  his  former   friend   ami   com- 
panion the  judge. 

Thonuis  Smith  went  the  way  of  all  Hesh  more  than 
seventy-three  years  ago,  surviving  the  Circuit  Court 
oidy  four  days,  but,  like  his  contemporary.  Chief  Jus- 
tice Tilghnian,  who  survived  him  sixteen  years,  he 
has  h^Fl  a  reeurd  behind  him  more  enduring  than 
nionuineiital  marble.  So  long  as  Pennsylvania  has  a 
judicial  history  the  name  of  Thomas  Smith  will  oc- 
cupy an  enviable  position  upon  its  early  pages.' 

Ja.mes  Rir)j)LE. — Among  the  first  attorneys  wdio 
pracliei'd  in  tlie  courts  of  Huntingdon  County 
was  .lame-  Kiddle,  of  Bedford.  His  name  ajfpears 
first  upon  the  records  in  1789,  the  earliest  now  ex- 
tant, lie  was  probably  admitted  at  the  first  court 
held  ill  the  comity,  in  December,  1787.  There  is  no 
rccnrd  ..I  hi- adiiii--ii.ii.  The  dockets  containing  the 
liroceediiiL'~  "I  tbi'  Court  <i['  Common  Plea.s  prior  to 
nS'.i  ha\c  lieeii  (bstiuycd.  lie  was  the  cotemporarv 
of  Hamihnn,  CIkiiIc-  Sinitb,  Cadwalladcr,  Duncail, 
Walts,  .I,.„:,tli;ui  1 1  emler- „i.  :,,i,l  Kiehard  Smith,  etc. 
Jle  praetiecl  in  on,-  curt-  until  April  term.  17111. 
when  he  siu'ceeded  Tlioiiias  Smith  on  tlie  bench, 
(b.vernor  .Mitilin   a,., ted    and    eon -ioncd   him 

the  county.  He  w;is  a  brother  of  Samuel  Riddle, 
a  member  of  the  Huntingdon  bar.  Judge  Riddle 
resided  in  Bedford,  and  is  said  to  have  lived  to  be  an 
old  and  feeble  man. 

His  a.ssociates  on  the  bench  were  David  Stewart, 
Hugh  Davison,  Benjamin  Elliott,  and  afterwards 
William  Steel. 

Tii.iMA-,  Cuuri-.K.— Coveruor  McKean  appointed 
and  eoiiimi--ioned  Thomas  Cooper  president  judge  of 
the  Fourth  .ludieial  District,  of  which  Huntingdon 
f'ouiily  formed  a  jiart.  His  commission  is  not  re- 
corded in  this  county,  and  its  precise  date  cannot  be 
given.  He  Iield  his  first  court  in  Huntingdon  in 
November,  1804,  and  his  last  in  January,  ISOC, 
holding  but  five  terms  here.  In  180(5  the  State  was 
redistricted  into  ten  districts.  Huntingdon  County 
continued  in  the  Fourth  District,  and  Judge  Cooper 
became  the  president  judge  of  the  Eighth  District. 

Jonathan  Walker.— This  gentleman  made  his 
first  appearance  in  the  courts  of  Huntingdon  County 
at  April  term,  1792,  wdien  he  was  admitted  to  prac- 
tice. He  was  a  resident  of  Northumberland  County 
at  the  time  of  his  appointment,  but  afterwards  re- 
moved to  Bedford.  After  the  redistricting  of  tlie 
State  ill  1806,  whish  increased  the  number  of  the 
judicial  districts  from  five  to  ten,  lie  was  ajipointed 
president  judge  of  the  Fourth  District,  composed  of 
the  counties  of  Mifflin,  Centre,  Huntingdon,  and  Bed- 
ford. His  commission  is  dated  the  1st  of  March, 
1806,  issued  liy  Governor  McKean.  lie  tind;  the  oath 
of  office  before  Judge  Cooper,  of  the  l^iiilitli  I)i-irict. 
on  the  18th  of  March,  1806.  He  continued  to  pre- 
side here  for  a  period  of  twelve  years,  from  A)iril, 
1806,  till  August,  1818,  when  he  was  succeeded  by 
Judge  Hu.ston. 

Judge  Walker  is  said  to  have  been  a  learned  and 
upright  judge  and  a  true  patriot.  He  was  the  first 
judge  in  tliis  district  who  doffed  the  wig  and  robe  of 
tlie  bench  and  dressed  in  plain  citizen's  clothes. 
Until  till'  time  when  .Tudge  Walker  took  a  seat  on 
the  beiicb  the  piowdered  wig  and  robe  were  conspic- 
uiai^  paraphernalia  of  the  judicial  oflice.- 

.\t  one  of  Judge  Walker's  courts  an  intoxicated 
"Id  soldier,  who  had  made  some  disturbance  in  court, 
was  brought  up  beloie  him,  and  ordcicd  to  jail.  On 
being  led  out  by  the  ofiicer,  he  turned  round  t.i  the 
judge  and  -aid,  "  Yer  lionor,  Anthony  Wayne  would 
not  liave  said  that."  The  judge  not  hearing  any- 
thin-  but  the  name  of  Wayne,  imjuired  what  he  said. 




The  small  salaries  paid  to  the  judges  in  those  days 
did  not  place  them  above  the  annoying  embarrass- 
ments common  to  other  classes  of  the  community.    It 
appears  that  Judge  Walker  not  free  from  pecuni- 
ary embarrassments.   The  year  after  his  appointment 
two  judgments  for  considerable  amounts  were  entered  ! 
up  against  him,  which  do  not  appear  to  liave  l)een 
satisfied,  and   it  is  said  that  some  of  liis  p:i|ir]-,  well 
seasoned  by  age,  could   be  purchased   at  a  discount  j 
similar   to    that  which   rules  Continental   scrip  and  | 
Confederate  currency. 

Jonathan    Walker   was    the   father   of   Robert   J. 
Walker,  a  politician  and  statesman  of  prominence,  I 
who   was  Secretary  of  the  Treasury  of  the  United  ! 
States,  and  afterwards  Governor  of  the  Territory  of 
Kansas,  appointed  by  President  Buchanan. 

This  is  a  brief  record  of  four  of  the  president  judges  j 
of  the  county  courts,  covering  a  period  of  twenty-seven  j 
years,  down  to  the  commencement  of  the  time  of 
Charles  Huston,  1818,  a  time  within  the  memory  of 
men  now  living.  Next  will  be  given  sketches  of  a 
few  of  the  associate  judges,  down  to  about  the  same 
period  of  time. 

Andrew  Henderson.— One  of  the  imperishable 
names  in  the  history  of  Huntingdon  County  is  that  I 
of  the  above-named  gentleman,  one  of  its  early  as- 
sociate judges.     He  was   appointed  on  the  29th   of  I 
September,  1787,  for  a  term  of  seven  years.    His  com-  i 
mission  as  associate  judge  is  recorded  on  the  first  and 
second  pages  of  the  first  book   opened   in   the   re- 
corder's office.  Docket  A,  No.  1. 

Mr.  Henderson  appears  to  have  been  one  of  those 
fortunate  men  who  had  office  upon  office  and  office 
after  oftice  tlirust  upon  him.     At  the  same  time  that 
he  was  appointed  an  associate  judge,  he  was  also  ap-  ' 
pointed  recorder  of  deeds  in  and  for  the  county  and  i 
register  of  wills,  and  on  the  same  day  he  received  a  i 
commission  Dedirrms  PotestaUin,  and  on  the  1.5th  of  ! 
January,  1788,  he  received  a  commission  as  justice-  | 
elect  for  the  town  of  Huntingdon.     On  the  13th  of 
December,  1788,  he  was  appointed  prothonotary  of  | 
the  Court  of  Common  Pleas.     He  was  a  member  of 
the   convention   which   framed   the   Constitution   of 
1790.     After  the  adoption  of  that  Constitution,  while 
these  commissions  were  all  in  force.  Governor  MifHin, 
on  the  11th  of  July,  1791,  reappointed  him  jirothono- 
tary,  clerk  of  the  Quarter  Sessions,  Oyer  and  Ter- 
miner, and  of  the  Orphans'  Court,  and  on  the  13th  of 
January,  1800,  Governor  McKean  reappointed   and  1 
commissioned  him  to  all  these  offices,  and  he  con- 
tinued to  hold  them  until  the  28th  of  February,  1809, 
when   he   was  succeeded   by  William   Steel    in   the 
offices   of   register   and   recorder,   prothonotary   and 
clerk  of  the  several   courts,  the   appointing   power 
having  changed  from  Governor  McKean  to  Governor 

Mr.  Henderson  was  on  the  bench  as  late  as  Sep- 
tember term,  1790,  but  not  later.  His  character  as 
associate  judge  is  not  so  conspicuous  as  that  of  a  pio-  ' 

neer  in  the  town  and  county  of  Huntingdon.  He 
moulded  the  offices  and  shaped  the  practices  in 
tlieni.  Tlie  oflSces  of  register  and  recorder  he  held  for 
twenty-two  consecutive  years,  first  under  the  Supreme 
Executive  Council,  and  afteiwards  under  (inveriior 
Mifllin's  and  Governor  McKcan's  admiiiislrati.Mis 
under  the  Constitution  of  1790,  and  tlie  offices  of 
prothonotary  and  clerk  of  the  several  courts  he  held 
for  tlie  term  of  eighteen  years. 

Mr.  Henderson  was  nopuhir,  not  only  with  the  ap- 
pointing iiowers  of  the  Slate,  but  also  with  the  people 
among  whom  he  lived  and  assneiated.  He  was  five 
times  elected  chief  burgess  of  the  borougli  of  Hun- 
tingdon in  five  successive  years,  from  1803  to  1807, 
both  inclusive,  and  again  in  1809  and  in  ISIO,  thus 
being  the  chief  ruler  of  Huntingdon  for  seven  years. 
Some  of  the  laws  of  the  borough  signed  by  him  are 
still  upon  the  ordinance-book. 

He  erected  the  large  brick  house  on  the  southeast 
corner  of  Allegheny  and  Third  Streets,  in  Hunting- 
don, long  known  as  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  depot, 
prior  to  its  removal  a  square  farther  westward.  He 
occupied  that  large  and  commodious  house  with  his 
family  down  to  the  time  of  his  death. 

Nothing  definite  is  known  of  the  history  of  Mr. 
Henderson  prior  to  his  advent  into  Huntingdon.  As 
stated  elsewdiere,  he  came  from  Chester  County.  It 
is  probable  that  he  had  some  experience  in  the  offices 
connected  with  the  courts  previous  to  his  appoint- 
ment in  this  county,  which  was  probably  the  reason 
why  he  was  selected  for  tlie  various  offices  which  he 

In  the  southeast  corner  of  the  cemetery  on  the  hill 
in  Huntingdon  is  an  inclosure  surrounded  by  a  mas- 
sive brick  wall,  in  which  rest  side  by  side  the  mortal 
remains  of  Andrew  Henderson,  who  died  on  the  2(jth 
day  of  June,  1812,  in  the  fifty-first  year  of  his  age, 
and  of  Mary  Henderson,  his  wife,  who  died  on  the 
21st  of  March,  1823,  in  the  fifty-fourth  year  of  her 
age ;  and  also  of  John  A.  Henderson,  their  only  son, 
who  died  on  the  15th  of  September,  1824,  in  the 
thirty-second  year  of  his  age. 

Mr.  Henderson,  like  many  of  the  first  settlers  of 
Huntingdon,  was  an  Episcopalian." 

Benjamin  Elliott  was  appointed  and  commis- 
sioned an  associate  judge  of  the  several  courts  of  the 
county  by  the  Supreme  Executive  Council  in  1789,  of 
which  Council  he  was  at  that  time  a  member.  He 
had  been  sheriff  of  Bedford  County  prior  to  the  for- 
mation of  Huntingdon  County,  and  also  the  first  sher- 
iff of  Huntingdon  County.  He  had  been  a  member  of 
the  convention  that  framed  the  State  Constitution  of 
177<),  and  a  member  of  the  State  Convention  to  ratify 
the  Constitution  of  the  United  States.  He  served  as 
a  member  of  the  Supreme  Eitecutive  Council  in  1789 
and    1790,  until  the  20th  of  December  of  the  latter 


year,  when  Tiiomas  IMitHiii  became  Governor  -.uA  the 
<'()uncil  expired.  He  was  lieutenant  of  the  i-oimtv 
(hiring  tlie  troubles  of  its  early  years,  and  in  the  <il<l 
records  he  is  called  Col.  Elliott. 

As  an  associate  judge,  he  ocenpied  a  seat  on  llie 
bench  with  the  first  three  president  ju.l-es  of  the 
county,  and  with  .Vvsui-iate  .Ftnljcs  David  Stewart  and 
JIutrh  r)avis()n.  and  |H-rlia|is  willi  others.  He  was 
aNo  the  first  rliirf  bur-es-  of  the  bortniirh  of  Hunt- 
injrdon.  In  17'Ji;,  when  the  toun  wa<  ineorporaled 
into  a  bi.rou-h.  he  was  elected  to  that  office  and 
servi-d  in  it  for  three  years.  In  the  year  ixiio  he  was 
elected  county  .■onimis,sion<-r  and  served  in  that  olhce 
a  term  of  three  years.  Tlins  Assoc-iate  .Tud-e  Klliott 
]jerfonned  an  important  part  in  the  numagement  of 
the  affairs  of  the  county  in  it.s  early  days.  Mr.  Elli- 
ott was  a  man  of  considerable  wealth  and  influence. 
He  was  one  of  the  "  borough  fathers,"  a-s  the  bur- 
gesses and  Council  are  called,  in  a  double  sense.  He 
had  a  large  family  of  daughters,  wdio  were  married 
to  some  of  the  most  prominent  men  of  the  town 
in  those  days,  among  whom  were  Robert  Allison, 
David  MeMurtrie,  Sr.,  William  Orbison,  and  Jacob 
Milh'r,  all  of  whom  have  passed  to  that  "bourne 
from  whence  no  traveler  returns ;"  but  the  town 
contains  many  of  his  grandchildren  and  great-grand- 
children, who  are  proud  of  their  ancestry.  Mr.  Elli- 
ott and  his  family  were  members  of  the  Epi.scopal 
Church,  but  some,  if  not  all,  of  his  daughters  after- 
wards became  members  of  the  Presbyterian  Church. 
Mr.  Elliott  was  a  man  of  character  and  intiniMiii-  and 
lived  to  a  ripe  old  age.  He  died  on  the  loth  of  .March, 
18:35,  aged  eighty-three  years.  His  remains  rest  in 
the  Huntingdon  cemetery. 

David  Stewakt  was  ai>poiiited  and  comniis 
sioned  associate  judge  by  foivurnor  Mifllin  on  the 
20th  of  August,  1791,  and  served  in  that  capacity  till 
the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  between  the 
January  and  the  April  term  in  182(5.  At  the  August 
term  of  that  year  he  was  succeeded  by  .Toscph  .\dams. 
Thus  it  will  be  seen  that  Judge  David  .'^teuart  was  on 
the  bench  for  thirty-five  eonsecutiv.' year>,  the  Iohl--- 
est  term  of  service  in  the  county.  He  on  the 
lieiudi  witli  Robert  Galbraith,  first  president  judge 
of  the  connly.  and  with  Thomas  Smith,  Thomas 
( -ooper,  .lames  Hi, Idle,  Jonathan  Walker,  and  Charles 
Hu~ti.ii.  pre-ident  judges  through  the  whole  of  their 
resp( ctive  term-.  I'lii'  associate  judges  on  the  bencdi 
with    him    at    .jillerent    times  were   John   Canan  (ao- 

tii,  r, 

to  have  been  an  excellent  penman,  and  to  liave  kept 
a  full  and  satisfactory  record  or  minute  of  the  pro- 
ceedinirs  of  the  commissioners. 

He  was  a  resident  of  that  portion  of  Morris  town- 
ship whieh  is  now  in  niair  County  and  called  Cath- 
arine tou-nship. 

In  the  absence  of  the  president  judge,  this  as.sociate 
lield  Courts  of  Quarter  Sessions  with  other  associates 
on  the  bench,  tried  cases  and  charged  juries  with  in- 
telligence and  plain  common  sense,  which  is  synony- 
mous with  common  law. 

He  was  the  father  of  John  Stewart,  who  was  also  a 
county  commissioner  about  half  a  century  ago,  and 
who  was  distin^'uished  from  other  men  of  the  same 
name  as  /nine  John  Stewart;  and  he  was  also  the 
father  of  Robert  G.  Stewart,  of  Water  Street,  and  of 
Dr.  James  Stewart,  of  Indiana,  Pa.,  all  prominent 

;  and  influential  men  who  died  many  years  ago. 

I  We  had  two  other  associate  judges  of  the  name  of 
Stewart,  Capt.  John  and  Thomas  P.,  of  whom  we 

j  may  say  a  word  farther  on. 

JoHX  Caxan"  was  appointed  an  associate  judge  in 
1791.  He  had  been  a  prominent  man  in  Bedford 
County  prior  to  the  erection  of  Huntingdon  County, 
and  was  a  member  of  the  General  Assembly  at  that 
time.     He  had  also  been  a  member  of  tlie  Supreme 

',  Executive  Council  from  Huntingilon  County  in  1787 

I  and  17SS.     In   1791   and   1792  he  was  elected  to  the 

I  A.ssembly  from  Huntingdon  County,  and  in  1794  he 
was  chosen  State  senator  for  the  district  composed  of 
the  counties  of  Huntingdon  and  Bedford.  Among 
the  old  archives  he  also  figures  as  Col.  John  Canan. 

'  William  Steel.— This  gentleman  was  another 
of  the  prominent  and  fortunate  men  of  the  county. 
He  was  appointed  an  associate  judge  on  the  2d  of 
April,  18(14,  by  Governor  McKean.  Of  course  he 
was  not  "  learned  in  the  law," — few  of  the  associate 
judges  are,  and  Huntingdon  County  has  never  had 
any  wdio  were  law  judges.  He  was  an  Irish  gen- 
tleman of  the  Covenanter  faith.  A  great  portion  of 
hi^  time  he  kept  a  public-house  and  a  store,  and  withal 
ilid  a  considerable  amount  of  surveying,  and  l)y  reason 
of  these  various  occujiations  and  lii^  social  disposi- 
tion he  became  extensively  acquainted  with  the  people 
of  the  county.  His  political  aspiraijon-  ,li,l  not  be- 
gin or  end  with  his  appointment  to  a  seat  on  the  liench. 
Ill  17'.iri  he  waselected  acounty  commissioner  by  three 
liuiidied  and  thirty-six  votes,  there  being  only  four 
eleetion  districts  in  the  county  at  that  time.  In  1800 
lie  \vas  a  candidate  for  the  lower  branch  of  the  Legis- 
laltire.  aiid  made  a  respectable  jioll,  but  was  defeated 
hy  .lames  Kerr.  In  1802  he  was  a  canilidate  for  the 
same  otliee  and  elected,  with  John  lllair,  ,.vrr  Arthur 
Moore    and    Uiehard    Smith,    Mr.    Steel    liaviuir    the 

icriir,  and  received 
otes  against  elevei 
ir  William  Spear. 

.en  hundred 


carried  the  county  by  a  li.inclsome  majority,  but 
Thomas  Jackson  was  elected  in  the  district.  Jlr. 
Steel's  popularity  was  continually  increasing. 

In  1809  (Feb.  28th)  he  was  appointed  prothonotnry, 
register  and  recorder,  and  clerk  of  the  courts  by  (lov- 
ernor  Snyder,  and  continued  to  hold  these  nflices  until 
1821,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  Richard  Smith,  a 
member  of  the  bar. 

Judge  Steel  also  had  a  high  military  title,  that  of 
general,  he  having  been  chosen  major-general  of  the  ! 
militia.  Certain  it  is,  however,  that  while  on  the 
bench  as  an  associate  judge,  and  afterwards  while 
acting  as  prothonotary,  he  often  used  a  military  term 
of  definite  meaning.  When  witnesses  had  been  sub- 
poenaed and  did  not  attend  court,  he  would  say,  with 
considerable  emphasis,  "Send  a  detachment  for 
them,"  or  "bring  them  in  by  a  detachment."  This 
was  often  related  by  his  son,  the  late  Maj.  James 
Steel,  as  a  joke  upon  his  father,  and  the  major  would 
laugh  heartily  over  it. 

The  writer  became  personally  acquainted  with  Gen. 
Steel  in  IS.'ii;,  Imt  IkkI  no  acquaintance  with  any  of  | 
the  associate  jui'.L^r^  who  preceded  him.  He  was  then  j 
familiarly  known  by  the  name  of  Gen.  Steel.  The  I 
name  of  judge,  if  ever  known  by  it,  was  entirely  super-  1 
seded  and  merged  in  his  military  title.  As  associate  ' 
judge  he  was  succeeded  by  Joseph  ]\IcCune. 

Mr.  Steel  was  a  man  of  medium  height,  heavy  and 
erect  frame,  communicated  freely  and  intelligently, 
was  kind  and  courteous  to  all,  and  to  young  men  in 
particular,  and,  like  his  immediate  predecessor,  Judge 
Elliott,  he  lived  to  an  advanced  age.  He  left  surviv- 
ing him  two  brothers,  namely,  Samuel  Steel,  who  had 
been  county  treasurer  several  times  and  was  well 
known  in  the  county,  and  Alexander  Steel,  of  West 
township,  a  farmer,  and  two  sons,  James,  who  became 
a  prominent  member  of  the  bar,  a  sketch  of  whom 
will  be  given  in  turn,  and  William,  and  six  or  seven 
daughters,  all  of  whom  are  now  deceased.  Gen.  Steel 
lived  in  the  house  now  owned  and  occupied  by 
C.  C.  North,  on  the  north  side  of  Penn  Street,  be- 
tween Third  and  Fourth  Streets,  and  died  at  his  resi- 
dence on  the  12th  of  May,  1840,  in  the  eighty-sixth 
year  of  his  age. 

Down  to  this  point  in  the  history  of  the  bench  and 
bar  sketches  of  the  president  judges  and  their  associ- 
ates have  been  given.  It  now  becomes  necessary  to 
give  an  account  of  the  members  of  the  bar  down  to 
about  the  same  period  of  time. 

Keeping  in  view  the  fact  that  the  counties  of  Bed- 
ford, Franklin,  and  Huntingdon  having  then  been 
recently  made  out  of  parts  of  Cumberland,  and  Cum- 
berland itself  out  of  part  of  Lancaster,  it  is  readily 
understood  why  it  was  that  the  first  practicing  law- 
yers in  Huntingdon  were  Charles  Smith,  of  Lancas- 
ter, James  Hamilton,  Thomas  Duncan,  and  David 
Watts,  of  Carlisle,  and  James  Riddle,  of  Chambers- 
burg,  and  others  from  still  more  remote  counties. 
These  attornevs  of  the  older  counties  followed  up  tlie 

courts  111  tlie  I 
its  legal  busii 
Jr.,  Jaredlnu 
appeareil  in  ol 

the  Si 



Carlisle,  was  sworn  in  our  court  as  deputy  attorney- 
general  as  late  as  April  term,  180G,  and  deputies 
performed  the  same  duties  that  now  devolve  upon  the 
district  attorney. 

The  first  court  was  held  in  December,  1787,  but  the 
records,  the  dockets,  and  minute-books  of  the  Court 
of  Common  Pleas  between  that  date  and  .Miirch  term, 
1789,  are  missing,  and  there  is  a  tradition  that  they 
were  destroyed  l.y  ( ien.  William  McAlevy,  who  ordered 
them  to  be  Imnii'd.  lor  what  cause  is  now  not  known. 
Put  for  this  uiilortunato  event  we  could  lay  before 
our  readers  the  names  of  the  attorneys  who  attended 
and  were  sworn  and  admitted  members  of  the  bar  at 
the  first  opening  of  the  courts  of  the  county.  Thirty- 
six  years  ago  tlie  first  court  in  P.lair  County  was  held 
at  Hollidayshurg,  and  the  attorneys  from  Hunting- 
don and  Bedford  Hocked  there,  with  smaller  crowds 
from  Cambria  and  other  counties,  "  like  doves  to  their 
windows,"  and  were  sworn  in  as  attorneys  of  that 
court  under  Judge  Black,  of  the  Somerset  and  Bed- 
ford District,  afterwards  chief  justice  of  the  State. 
The  opening  of  the  courts  in  Huntingdon  at  the  or- 
ganization of  the  county,  fifty-nine  years  earlier,  no 
doubt  presented  a  similar  scene  on  a  smaller  scale, 
but  the  record  of  this  is  gone. 

Messrs.  Wharton,  Bradford,  and  IngersoU  were 
Philadelphians,  and  came  to  our  courts  on  official 
business  of  the  State  or  of  the  United  States.  Riddle 
and  Orbison  were  residents  of  Cliainbersburg,  the 
latter  an  uncle  of  William  Orbison,  of  Huiiliiigdon. 
Riddle  became  president  judge  in  1794.  Hamilton, 
Duncan,  and  Watts  came  from  Carlisle,  and  Smith 
from  Lancaster. 

JoHX  Cadwall.\der  was  the  first  lawyer  resi- 
dent in  Huntingdon.  He  was  admitted  at  December 
term,  1789,  on  motion  of  James  Hamilton,  and  seems 
to  have  had  a  good  practice  from  the  first  down  to 
1807,  the  time  of  his  death. 

He  was  a  man  of  business  outside  of  his  profession 
as  well  as  in  it.  He  was  elected  one  of  the  county 
commissioners  in  1790,  and  served  for  three  years. 
He  was  again  elected  in  1799,  and  served  a  term  of 
three  years  more.  In  the  interim  between  1790  and 
1799  he  served  part  of  the  time  as  clerk  to  the  board 
of  commissioners,  and  part  of  the  time  as  auditor, 
appointed  by  the  court  with  two  other  gentlemen,  to 
settle  the  accounts  of  the  commissioners  and  treasurer. 
He  was  also  the  first  po.stmaster  in  Huntingdon.  The 
precise  time  of  his  appointment  or  the  length  of  time 
that  he  served  as  postmaster  cannot  be  ascertained  at 
this  late  date,  as  no  oflScial  record  of  it  remains,  the 


sinned  with  the  freiicral  post-office  hiiilding  in  the  fire 
of  December,  183(5.  The  most  definite  inf<irmatinn 
that  can  now  he  obtained  is  tliat  the  post-office  at 
Jliiiitin^'don,  Pa.,  began  to  render  quarterly  rctiniis 
on  the  1st  nf  .lanuary,  1798,  and  tliat  John  i 'adwal- 
laiKT  was  till-  postmaster.  He  was  a  sl<illtul  pt-n- 
niaii,  an  exci-llc-nt  cleric,  and  apjiears  to  liavi-  liecri 
an  acliv.'.  eiii-r;_'i-tic,  and  useful  man. 

Ol'  his  earlier  history  nothing  is  known  to  tlie  writer. 
l!y  industry  and  attention  to  business  he  acquired  a 
large  landed  estate,  much  of  wliich  he  disposed  of  in 
his  lifetime,  and  his  executors  conveyed  a  portion  of 
the  residue  after  his  death,  in  fulfillment  of  contracts 
made  by  him  before  his  death.  He  owned  the  lots 
upon  which  the  court-house  was  erected  completed 
in  1S42,  and  upon  which  the  new  one  is  now  in  prn- 
i-css  of  erection,  and  down  to  a  short  time  prior  to 
1S42  his  widow  and  his  daughter  occupied  the  old 
hoini->tcad,  wliicli  wa.s  removed  to  give  place  to  the 
court-liou-( .  \)y  some  mean.s  the  femily  liad  become 
poor,  and  the  title  to  the  lots  was  vested  in  the  C(nn- 

Some  interesting  facts  in  the  early  history  <d'  the 
county  might  be  given  in  connection  with  Mr.  Oadwal- 
lader'a  administration  of  its  affiiirs,  but  two  or  three 
must  suffice.  In  the  year  1800  the  taxables  of  the 
county  numbered  2559;  the  slaves,  22;  the  expenses 
of  the  county  for  that  year  were  estimated  at  $.'1(100,  in- 
cluding $800  to  be  paid  on  account  of  the  public  Imild- 
ings  (the  court-house  and  jail) ;  and  down  to  the  year 
1705,  or  later,  the  commissioners'  office  was  kept  in  a 
room  rented  from  Peter  Swoope  for  the  sum  of  five 
]iounds  |)er  annum.  When  serving  as  commissioner, 
Mr.  Cadwallader  made  a  trip  to  Philadelphia,  and  had 
the  tax-list  publisheil  for  twenty-six  weeks  in  a  Phila- 
delphia newspaper,  for  wlii.-li  the  county  paid  sixty 
pounds  and  fifteen  shillings  to  one  Francis  Bailey. 
The  unseate.l  land  li>t  occupied  six  columns  of'a 
daily  n.  wspap,.r.  Sneh  were  the  times  in  which  Mr. 
Cadw.dladei- lived. 

Pi.  itAKi.  Smith  was  a  s,,n  of  William  Smith, 
DA)..  [\w  lonnder  nl  (he  (own  of  llnntiniidt.n.  lie 
was  born  on  lie-  ^-.tli  of  .lannaiy,  i;(;;i,  and  made  his 
first  appearanee  in  the  ,oni1s  of  the  county  in  I7'.)l, 
havin-  been  .-elniiKed  as  a  member  of  the  at  the 
Deeember  term  of  that  year.  His  residence  was  at 
the  "Cypress  CoKai;-.-."  (hen  in  llie  outskirts  of  the 
town.  The  inland  and  larni  eunn.ete.l  with  the  cot- 
ta-c  were  (he  properlv  nf  Mr.  Sinith.  West  Hunt- 
in.jdon  has  .i„ee  1 n   l.nill  un  (he  farm.      He  was  a 

^'ll.vpopuh.r.  and  noeenphda  proniim-nf  position 

as  a    l;„-,.v,  poiilv    „,,.,n,  tine-lo.k, n.^   and    pusse.sin.' 

of  a  gentleman  of  (he  old  >,-! 1.     Ilemarrieil  Lelitia 

Nixon  Coakley,  a  ladv  of  Lancaster,  who  was  highly 
esteemed  by  all  who  knew  her. 

of  the  villagers  flocked  to  the  cottage  to  enjoy  the 
shady  walks  beside  the  river  for  recreation.  It  was  a 
])!easant  resort,  where  the  "  latch-string  was  never 
pidled  in,"  and  few  would  come  away  without  par- 
taking of  the  hospitality  of  his  board.  Such  a  man 
would  have  many  friends. 

But  there  is  another  side  to  this  picture.  While 
^Ir.  Smith  was  borne  up  by  the  wave  of  popularity, 
his  property  was  gradually  swept  away  from  him  by 
his  creditors.  He  was  elected  to  the  Legislature,  but 
while  on  his  way  to  take  his  seat  tlie  sherilT  served  a 
summons  on  him  to  answer  a  plea  of  debt,  and  he  was 
under  the  necessity  of  pleading  his  privilege,  and  the 
service  was  set  aside.  He  became  more  and  more  em- 
barrassed, and  judgments  were  obtained  against  him, 
and  court  after  court  his  real  estate  w-as  under  the 
sherirt's  hammer;  at  one  time  lands  amounting  to 
eight  thousand  dollars,  at  another  time  eight  tracts  of 
valuable  lands  were  sold  at  an  enormoussacrifice.  The 
majestic  intended  mansion,  now  the  Exchange  Hotel, 
erected  by  him,  the  rival  of  the  house  erected  oppo- 
site to  it  by  Andrew  Henderson,  was  sold  in  an 
unfinished  state,  and  purchased  by  the  order  of  Free- 
masons for  about  ten  per  cent,  of  its  original  cost. 
His  library,  too,  had  been  levied  upon  and  sold. 

Mr.  Smith's  mind  was  now  pursued  by  a  phantom, — 
is  there  a  man  W'ho  is  not  at  scmie  jieriod  haunted  by 
some  phantom  or  other?  ^Mr.  Smith's  was  the  drcail 
of  poverty,  perhaps  the  commonest  spectre  that  haunts 
the  human  mind.  Perhaps  poverty  was  a  reality 
staring  him  in  the  fivce.  How  few  men  wdio  have  had 
palmy  days  can  bear  up  under  adversity  I  He  per- 
ceived that  his  property  had  imperceptibly  wasted 
away,  and  to  increase  his  terrors  there  was  a  hiwsiut 
against  him  that  had  been  pending  many  years,  now 
to  be  tried  at  a  special  court.  The  claimant  was  a 
relative  of  .Mr.  Smith  by  marriage.  He  dreaded  the 
final  issue,  though  convinced  that  justice  was  on  his 
side.  At  length  the  dreaded  day  arrived.  The  cause 
was  called,  the  jury  impaneled,  and  the  trial  pro- 
eeeiled.  His  adversary  taunted  him  and  charged  him 
with  dishonesty.  Mr.  Smith  rose  to  repel  the  insult, 
while  everv  limb  shook,  and  charged  his  adversary 
with  l'alsebn,,d.  .Ml  was  confusion.  The  judges  in- 
terlereil  (o  |>reserve  order.  The  excited  defendant 
heard  tlieni  not.  He  was  eonimanded  to  sit  down, 
but  he  still  persisted  to  vindicate  his  character.  A 
second  and  a  third  time  he  was  called  upon  to 
sit  down  and  be  silent,  which  awakened  him  to  a 
sense  of  his  position.  He  slowly  .sank  into  his  seat, 
ami,  as  if  abashed,  his  head  hung  over  his  bosom,  and 
liiailually  descended  till  it  rested  on  the  desk  before 
hi(n.  (  irder  was  again  restored,  and  the  court  pro- 
ceded  (n  business.  A  few  moments  after.  John  Wil- 
liam-on,  who  was  sitting  near  Mr.  Smith,  appmaehed 
liiiii,  and  on  raising  him  he  was  found  to  be 

The  ennsternation  and  dismay  caused  by  this  death 
mav  be  imagined,  but  cannot  be  described. 

Thus    died     Richard     Smith,    one    of    the     most 



prominent  of  the  early  members  of  the  Huntingdon 
bar,  a  gentleman  of  learning  and  ability,  of  wealth 
and  friends,  whose  sources  of  enjoyment  were  almost 
boundless,  his  home  a  little  paradise. 

The  verdict  in  the  case  on  trial  at  the  time  of  the 
death  of  Mr.  Smith  was  in  his  favor.  The  case  was 
tried  September  2gth  till  Oct.  1,  182.3;  verdict  for 
the  defendant.  Motion  for  a  new  trial  overruled  Oct. 
3,  1823. 

Richard  Smith  was  elected  to  the  lower  house  of 
the  Legislature  in  1803.  In  February,  1821,  after  he 
met  with  his  financial  embarrassment,  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  offices  of  register  and  recorder  by 
Governor  Heister,  and  served  until  the  time  of  his 
death,  wliich  occurred  on  the  Ist  of  October,  1823. 
His  age  was  fifty-four  years,  eight  months,  and  six 
days.  He  never  had  any  children.  He  was  the  brother 
of  Thomas  Duncan  Smith,  M.D.,  one  of  the  first  asso- 
ciate judges,  who  was  about  eight  years  older  than 
Richard,  and  died  in  July,  1789.  One  massive  mar- 
ble slab  covers  the  graves  of  these  two  brothers,  with 
this  inscription  upon  it, — 

Robert  Allison  was  one  of  the  members  of 
the  bar  of  this  county  connecting  the  past  with 
the  present  century  in  his  career.  He  was  a  native 
of  Franklin  County,  read  law  with  Richard  Smith, 
and  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  Huntingdon  bar, 
on  motion  of  Mr.  Smith,  at  April  term,  1798.  He  took 
up  his  residence  at  Huntingdon,  became  prominent 
at  the  bar,  and  had  a  largo  and  profitable  practice  for 
some  thirty  years  or  more. 

As  a  gentleman  and  lawyer,  Mr.  Allison  justly 
ranked  high.  He  was  a  man  of  considerable  wealth 
and  influence,  connected  by  marriage  with  several  of 
the  most  influential  families  in  the  county.  He  was 
a  man  of  good  understanding,  but  he  was  not  eloquent. 
Neither  be  nor  his  cotemporary  members  of  the  bar 
resident  in  Huntingdon  at  that  period  excelled  in 
oratory.  In  almost  all  important  cases  lawyers  from 
abroad  were  associated  in  the  trial  of  them  with  the 
resident  attorneys,  and  generally  the  arguments  to 
the  juries  were  made  by  the  attorneys  from  abroad. 
Among  these  were  Jonathan  Walker  and  Charles 
Huston,  who  were  afterwards  judges,  and  Hamilton, 
Duncan,  and  Watts,  of  Carlisle,  Elias  W.  Hale,  of 
Lewistown,  and,  later,  Alexander,  of  Carlisle,  and 
Potter  and  Blanchard,  of  Bellefonte. 

Mr.  Allison  was  several  times  a  candidate  for  Con- 
gress, and  carried  Huntingdon  County  against  John 
Mitchell  and  John  Brown,  and  in  1830  he  was  elected 
over  John  Scott.  The  district  was  composed  of  the 
counties  of  Huntingdon,  Mifflin,  Centre,  and  Clear- 
field. The  vote  stood:  For  Allison,  4776;  and  for 
Scott,  3898.  John  Scott  was  the  father  of  John  Scott, 
United  States  senator  from  March  4,  1869,  to  March 
4,  1875. 

While  Mr.  Allison  was  filling  a  high  office,  assist- 
ing in  making  laws  for  the  nation,  he  did  not  despise 
small  things,  but  was  also  assisting  in  making  laws  for 
the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  and  enforcing  them  in 

'  the  capacity  of  chief  burgess.  He  was  first  elected 
burgess  in  1815,  and  again  in  1817,  1819,  and  from 

'  1821  to  1824,  both  inclusive,  and  again  in  1826  and  in 
1830,  thus  serving  for  nine  years,  the  longest  period 
ever  served  by  any  man  in  that  office,  two  years  in 

I  excess  of  the  service  of  his  brother-in-law,  Andrew 

!  Henderson. 

!  Mr.  Allison  was  a  man  of  medium  size,  well  pro- 
portioned, fair  cnniiili  xion.  ami  line  presence.  He 
married  adaiiiilitcr  ol  .liid-.'  f'.lliotl,  of  Huntingdon, 

I  and  reared  a  lari;c  faiiiily  ot  (l:in^:liters.  In  his  later 
years  he  was  afflicted  with  apoplexy,  which  affected 
his  speech  to  such  an  extent  as  to  render  it  difficult 

1  to  understand  him.     He  died  on  the  2d  of  December, 

'■  1840,  aged  sixty-five  years  and  eight  months.     His 

I  residence  at  the  time  of  his  death  was  at  No.  523 
Penn  vStreet,  which  at  the  time  of  its  erection  was 

;  considered  the  best  in  the  place. 

William  Orbison  was  the  son  of  Thomas  Or- 
bison,  who  resided  on  a  farm  owned  by  him  in  York 
(now  Adams)  County,  on  the  Maryland  line,  apart 

I  of  his  land  extending  into  that  State,  and  was  during 
the  Revolutionary  war  a  captain  of  militia,  and  served 
until  the  end  of  the  war.     His  grandfather  was  also 

I  named   Thomas.     He   had   emigrated   from    Ireland 

i  about  the  year  1740,  and  purchased  land  in  Franklin 

I  County  (then  Lancaster),  on  which  he  resided  till  the 
time  of  his  death.  William  Orbison  was  born  in 
Adams  County,  Pa.,  on  the  20th  of  June,  1777,  and 
resided  with  his  family  and  was  engaged  in  farming 
until  August,  1794,  when  he  commenced  to  learn  "the 
languages,"  as  it  was  then  called,  with  Rev.  Alexan- 
der Dobbins,  near  Gettysburg;  continued  at  school 
until  January,  1797,  having  in  that  time  read  all  the 
authors  usually  read  at  such  iastitutions.  The  greater 
portion  of  1797  and  1798  he  spent  in  Virginia,  teacli- 

\  ing  "the  languages"  to  children  in  private  families. 
After  successively  keeping  a  small  store  for  Rev.  John 
Breckenridge  in  Washington  City  and  teaching  school 
in  Hanover,  he  became  dissatisfied,  j-nd  at  tlie  solici- 

I  tation  of  his  uncle,  James  Orbison,  of  Cliambers- 
burg,  he  commenced  reading  law  with  him  in  April, 

I  1799;  read  till  Aug.  6,  1801,  when  he  was  examined 
and  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  usual  certificates  of 
competency,  etc.  On  the  25th  of  the  same  month  he 
arrived  at  Huntingdon,  and  on  the  next  day  was  ad- 
milted  an  attorney  in  the  courts  of  Huntingdon  County. 
After  visiting  friends  in  Chambersburg  and  in  .\danis 
County,  he  returned  on  the  19th  of  October,  and  from 

I  thenceforth  he  was  a  citizen  of  Huntingdon  until  the 
time  of  his  death.  On  the  6th  of  October,  1808,  he 
married  Eleanor,  daughter  of  Benjamin  Elliott.  Mr. 
Elliott  was  one  of  the  associate  judges  of  Huntingdon 

!  County. 

!      Mr.  (.)rbison  was  a  good  lawyer,  entirely  safe  and  trust- 


worthy,  and  trai 
out  imiL-h  di-;pla; 
s,m  William  P.  ^ 

ix;;.-.,  th(.'..,M  -> 
atturnev>,  .Inin- 

and  has  lill,-. 
dent  of  th.-  o 
Mr.  Orbisn 
six  inches  ii: 
versation.  an 

.1  a  lar.L'c  >liare  of  business  with- 
lay  in  cHinl.  I  )uvvn  to  the  time  when  liis 
'.was  admitted  to  the  bar,  in  November, 
irciitliiiian  kept  his  place  on  the  list  of 
111;  his  own  legal  business  and  that  of  a 
It  afi.r  that  date  his  son  took  his  place, 
it  lor  many  years.  He  was  the  piresi- 
d  lliiiiliii-d'..n  Hank, 
wa-  a  tin.'-l.mking  man,  about  five  feet  ' 
stature,  of  elastic  gait,  fair  and  florid 
ively,  agreeable,  and  instructive  in  con- 
able  and  piquant  writer,  and  a  gentle- 
man iif  the  "old  -I'ho'.l,  "  the  last  of  our  citizens  to  i 
dotf  the  <■»,  luMii, .liable  in  nlden  times.  He  never 
aspired  to  any  political  position,  never  was  a  candi- 
date for  the  honors  or  emoluments  of  office,  but  he 
was  nevertheless  well  informed  as  to  all  that  was  in- 
V(dved  in  party  struggles,  and  took  an  active  part  in 
thciii,  ol'icij  furnishing  the  rescdutions  |,ir  pulitical 
meting.  Ml  the  Old-Line  Whig  party,  and  many  a 
terse  and  pointed  article  for  the  press,  b,,tli  in  |,rose 
and  verse,  emanated  from  his  pen.  j 

In  1815,  Mr.  Orbison  commenceil  the  btiilding  of 
the  li(iii.>e  nil  the  northwest  corner  of  Penn  and  Third 
Streets  where  his  son  William  P.  now  resides,  and 
in  the  fall  uf  IslO  he  moved  into  it,  and  continued  to 
reside  tliere  till  the  day  of  his  death. 

In  the  more  advanced  years  of  his  life  .Mr. 
was  a  very  exemplary  Christian,  a  member  of  the 
Presbyterian  Church,  and  a  liberal  contributor  to  the 
cause  of  religion.  He  died  on  the  23d  of  August, 
18.37,  at  the  mature  age  of  eighty  years,  two  months, 
and  three  days.     His  widow  .lie.l  in   February,  ISCo. 

Wii.i.i  AM  R.  Smith.— Prominent  among  the  mem- 
liers  i>r  the  Huntingdon  bar  admitted  in  the  first 
de.iide  of  the  jiresent  century  and  resident  in  the 
eoniily  u:i.  William  Kiidoipl,  .•^mitli.  He  wa.  the 
son  of  William  M v  Siiiilli,  all, I  giaiidsoi,  ,,f  Wil- 
liam Smilli,  1».I).  lie  studied  law  with  .lames  Mil- 
nor,  ..I  niiladelpliia.  who  alteruards  went  to  New 
York,  aii.l  tli.Mv  became  a  well-known  Kpiscopal 
riei-yiiiiiii.  He  was  admitted  to  tlie  bar  at  Hiint- 
inpdoiiat  November  term,  Isos,  He  was  of  a  wealthv 
and  inllmniial  lainilv,  posMSM^d  -real  natural  abilitv, 
was  higiily  ediirated',  lliieiil  of  speech,  and  in  evia-y 
way  well  .|iialilied  lo,-  (be  transartion  .>f  business,  and 

tiee.  lie  was.  Iiow.ver,  bill  a  t\-\v  years  at  the  bar  till 
he  turned  bi-  alleiilioii  lo  piditics,  to  the  evident 
prejmlire  olbi-  piariiee.  In  1812,  hut  four  years 
alter  111-  adini^ioii.  I„.  br.aiiie  a  candidate  for  the 
State  S.iiale,  In  IS2_'  be  was  again  a  candidate  for 
that  olfii-,-,  and  was  eleeted  ill  the  room  of  Michael 
Wallace,  re-iuMied.  Ill  Is.'.'i,  Mr.  Smith  was  elected 
to  tile  House  ol  Kepre-eiiiaiives  over  Peter  Cassidy 
at  a  spe.aal   eleeti.m.  and   at    a   general   election   the 

man,  but  they  were  defeated  by  Matthew  Wilson  and 
Joseph  Adams.  At  the  special  election  he  wii-s  elected 
by  a  majority  of  two  votes  only,  the  vote  standing:  For 
Smith,  si-x  hundred  and  thirty-three;  and  for  Cassidy, 
six  hundred  and  thirty-one.  A  friend  of  Cassidy, 
meeting  Smith  a  day  or  two  after  the  result  was 
known,  reproachfully  cast  it  up  to  him  that  he  had 
been  elected  by  only  two  majority.  Smith,  with  the 
most  dignified  wave  of  the  hand,  and  in  the  blandest 
manner,  replied,  "My  friend,  one  is  as  good  as  a 
thousand!"  Mr.  Smith  ranked  high  as  a  legislator 
in  both  branches  of  the  Legislature. 

Although  popular  at  home  and  abroad  as  a  man 
and  as  a  politician,  he,  like  other  prominent  men,  had 
his  troubles  and  his  quarrels,  as  such  men  have  in  the 
present  age.  In  1826  he  found  it  necessary  to  insti- 
tute actions  of  libel  against  two  printers  and  editors, 
but,  like  many  other  suits  for  libel,  these  were  never 
tried,  but  iiermitted  tO  slumber  and  to  .leep  that  >leep 
wliiili  knows  no  waking,  the  mere  iu-titution  of  the 
suits  probably  having  had  the  desired  ell'ect  of  silenc- 
ing the  batteries  of  these  disciples  of  Faust.  In  the 
fiill  of  the  same  year  he  also  prosecuted  Charles 
j  Raymond  for  libel,  which  resulted  in  a  conviction 
and  a  small  fine  and  costs.  This  grew  out  of  articles 
written  by  Raymond,  and  printed  in  a  newspaper 
called  the  Rcpiiblirn,  A'/n„„/r,  against  Mr.  Smith 
while  a  candidate  tor  .Vs^embly,  by  reason  of  which 
publication  he  was  defeated.  He  was  also  a  brigadier- 
general  of  the  militia. 

Gen.  Smith  married  Miss  Eliza  -Vnthony,  a  very 
excellent  lady.  He  resided  in  the  stone  house  on  the 
northeast  corner  of  Third  and  Allegheny  Streets, 
wbieb  has  undergone  many  changes  since,  and  has 
been  for  a  long  time  known  as  the  "Morrison  House," 
in  which  the  county  offices  are  now  temjiorarily  lo- 
cated, awaiting  the  completion  of  the  new  court-liouse. 
Some  years  after  the  death  of  his  first  wife,  Cnu.  Smith 
married  Mary  Van  Dyke,  a  niece  of  Mrs.  Richard 
Smith.  After  he  left  Huntingdon  he  lived  in  I'.edford 
for  a  number  of  years.  A  gentleman  who  knew  him 
during  his  long  residence  in  Bedfonl  s]>eaksol  him  as 
a  dignified,  high-toned,  and  talented  idd  gi'iitleman, 
but  somewhat  eccentric.  From  Bedford  he  moved 
to  Mineral  Point,  Wis.,  where  he  performed  much 
literary  habor,  and  among  other  works  wrote  a  history 
of  Wisconsin  in  four  volumes.  The  whole  of  this 
family  of  Smiths  naturally  inclined  to  literary  ]iur- 
siiits.  Richard  Penn  Smith,  a  brother  of  Wil- 
liam P.,  became  a  popular  dramatist  and  writer  of 

ably  fine  form  and  features.     .\n  old  ei 

was  the  handsomest  man  he  ever  >aw. 

I  pronounced  him  the  most  accomplisbed  i 

!  lived  in   Huntinsdon.     He  was  cashier 

vs  he 

Huntingdon  Bank. 

Subsequently  he  been 
]irojierty    passed    under 

m  vol  veil 
•   sheriir 

in  debt,  and  his 
hammer,   after 


which  he  received  an  appointment  as  a  Rnvernnient 
otflcial,  which  tooli  him  to  Wisconsin,  as  aliovc 
stated,  where  he  died  in  August,  IStiS. 

Thomas  Montgomery  was  enrolled  an  altorncy 
of  the  courts  of  Huntingdon  County  at  Novi'mlicr 
term,  ISll.  He  came  from  Lancaster,  and  had 
probably  been  admitted  there  shortly  before  that 
date,  fie  (HMiipieil  a  pbire  at  the  bar  of  this  county 
for  thirty-seven  years,  yet  he  never  seemed  to  enter 
into  tlie  praetice  with  his  whole  heart  and  soul,  as 
many  a  younp  man  has  been  known  toilo.  His  name 
appears  to  almut  as  many  suits  as  that  of  any  other 
meml)er  of  the  bar,  and  yet  he  never  appeared  to 
have  ba<l  conrhlrni-e  or  courage  sutlieicnt  to  fry  a  case 
without   as^ista':re  from  some  of  his   liiitbicii  ol'  the 

seemed  to  grow  upon  him.  A  lady  from  Lancaster, 
of  much  intelligence,  who  knew  him  m  bis  youth, 
often  spoke  of  him  in  tlic  kindest  terms.  She  repre- 
sented bini  as  a  young  gi-ntleman  who  had  no  taste  or 
inclination  for  the -study  or  the  practice  of  the  law, 
but  his  friends  and  relatives  persuaded  or  forced  him 
into  it;  that  they  were  proud  and  influential  people, 
and  believed  that  the  road  to  honor  and  wealth  and 
distinction  led  right  through  the  legal  profession. 
This  woidd  no  ihmbt  account  for  much  in  his  history 
that  might  otherwise  be  a  mystery,  and  it  shows  at 
the  same  time  the  error  of  forcing  young  men  into 
avocations  udiich  are  not  congenial  to  their  natures. 

As  a  lawyer,  Mr.  Montgomery  never  attained  much 
eminence.  If  he  ever  had  any  ambition  it  led  in  a 
different  direction.  For  such  a  man  the  bar  had  no 
attractions,  and  his  whole  nature  would  have  to  un- 
dergo a  change  before  he  could  prove  a  success.  He 
was  a  most  amiable  and  inoftensive  man,  and  the 
charcter  of  his  mind  could  be  read  in  his  finely-chis- 
eled countenance  by  any  one  who  had  the  firintest 
conceiition  of  physiognomy.  In  person  he  was  tall 
and  well  jiroportioned,  approximating  six  feet  in 
height,  and  perfectly  erect  to  the  last.  In  politeness 
he  was  unexcelled  by  Chesterfield  himself,  and  the 
young  man  who  was  studying  that  master  could  well 
afford  to  lay  him  aside  and  learn  from  the  living  ex- 
ample. His  complexion  was  pallid  to  a  degree  ap- 
proacliing  wliitciu-ss,  and  his  hair  was  abundant  and 
of  a  bright  silvery  hue,  but  seemed  in  harmony  with 
the  entire  eoniposition  of  the  man;  and  although 
he  would  have  changed  his  hair  to  any  color  rather 
than  have  it  white  in  his  early  years,  he  seemed  proud 
of  it  in  liis  iid\anced  years,  and  would  habitually  run 
his  fingers  through  it  and  over  it  with  apparent  satis- 

He  was  a  bachelor,  and  lived  not  by  himself,  but  at 
some  tavern  during  term  time,  and  often  spent  liis  va- 
cations with  the  farmers  on  the  "Branch,"  and  par- 
ticularly with  the  Norrises,  wdiom  he  esteemed  very 
highly.  His  favorite  beverage  was  buttermilk,  and 
some  of  the  fanners'  wives  and  daughters  whom  he 
visited  nicknamed  him  "  I'.uttermilk  Tommv."     He 

is  luxury  with  so  much  politeness  and 
ucb  a  relish  that  it  was  a  pleasure  to 
,  to  s:iy  noibing  of  the  flattery  which 
,ntlic-iftandtln-:iver.      Manvofthe 


He  never  was  a  candidate  for  any  oflice,  and  never 
meddled  in  politics  any  further  than  to  vote  for  his 
friends,  irrespective  of  party,  and  to  do  all  he  could 
for  his  favorites  without  traducing  opposing  candi- 

He  had  many  go<id  traits.  He  had  a  good  lieart 
and  a  contented  mind,  and  he  had  none  of  that  sel- 
fishness which  is  so  common  in  b.achelors  in  advanced 
life.  He  died  at  the  house  of  his  old  friend,  Jac<d) 
Miller,  after  a  short  illness,  on  Christmas-day, 
LS48.  He  left  no  heirs  to  dispute  about  his  estate,  and 
no  estate  to  dispute  about.  Soon  after  his  death  a  far- 
out  relative  inquired  "what  estate  the  late  Mr.  Mont- 
gomery had  left,"  and  looked  disappointed  when  he 
was  told  that  the  late  Mr.  Montgomery  died  his  own 
administrator.  The  members  of  the  bar,  at  the  in- 
stance and  suggestion  of  Messrs.  C'remer  and  Petrikin, 
put  up  tombstones  to  mark  his  grave,  near  the  south- 
western corner  of  the  cemetery.  He  was  born  in  1785, 
and  died  Dec.  25,  1848,  aged  sixty-three  years. 

Mention  will  now  be  made  of  President  Judges 
Huston,  Burnside,  and  Woodward,  followed  by  the 
members  of  the  bar  who  flourished  while  these  judges 
occupied  seats  on  the  bench. 

Charles  Huston  was  admitted  to  practice  in  the 
several  courts  of  Huntingdon  County  in  August,  170G, 
on  motion  of  Jonathan  Walker.  He  had  been  ad- 
mitted one  year  before  in  Lycoming  County,  which 
was  then  a  new  county,  formed  out  of  part  of  old 
Northumberland.  Mr.  Huston  had  a  large  practice 
as  a  land  lawyer  here  and  in  his  own  and  other  coun- 
ties until  1818,  when  he  was  appointed  to  the  presi- 
dent judgeship  of  this  district  by  Governor  Find- 
lay.  He  succeeded  Jonathan  Walker.  The  district 
was  the  same  in  which  he  had  practiced,  composed  of 
the  counties  of  Bedford,  Huntingdon,  Jlifflin,  North- 
umberland, and  Lycoming,  and  by  that  time  it  had 
become  populous,  and  the  lists  of  causes  in  each 
county  were  large,  and  he  held  adjourned  courts  fre- 
quently. He  maintained  the  dignity  of  the  court,  and 
made  examples  of  several  disorderly  persons  in  this 
county.  Among  others  were  the  following:  In  1820 
a  man  was  sent  to  jail  for  three  hours  for  saying  to  a 
prisoner  on  trial   for  murder,  in  the  hearing  of  other 



^zl  ;i  juror 
capable  of 

his  .•,,,11 

iii— i 

.11    ._-X|.il' 

■.1  ill  ls4:,. 


his  r 


11  .'xpinMl. 


five  v.M 

>,  wl 

■n..l.l  a. 

vlia.l  l.liii 

t.'.l  his  niin.l  aii.leii- 


lis  1.. 

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r..l,-  hi-  1,. 

.k  ,iilitl,.l  •■  Hu>t..n 

on   I,.N 

lislicl    i 

of  Ian. 1 

1   Tit 


.    Ti„-1 

...k  i-th.^i 

i,"  which  was  pub-  .-oiiiph.te  history 

but  lt~, 
di.l  n..t 

Hi. .11  wa 
up  toll 

.  .I,'lay,-.|  t 
.■   ,-X|..M-|a 

h.iis  of  th..  autlior's 


-11.11    ]■.■. 

.h'.l    ill    r, 

•llffunte   during   his 

In    |.,T< 

|>,  ai 
.11    ii 

1   aft.Tu  till   t 
II    aii.l    at 

le  time  of  his  death, 
letic,  and  possessed 

His  character  as  a.  jurist  is  well  known  to  Pennsyl- 
vania lawyers,  especially  to  those  of  advanced  age, 
and  it  is  unnecessary  to  dwell  further  upon  it.  In 
early  life  he  determined  to  master  the  law,  and  how 
well  he  succeeded  is  fully  attested  by  the  record  of 
his  riper  years. 

Thomas  Burnside  was  a  resident  of  Bellefonte, 
where  he  had  settled  down  in  his  early  manhood, 
having  come  from  one  of  the  eastern  counties  of  the 
fstate.  He  was  of  Irish  descent,  but  of  his  parentage 
and  boyhood  little  i-  kii..wn.  He  was  admitted  as  an 
attorney  at  at  April  term,  1804,  and  con- 
tinued to  attend  the  courts  of  the  county  and  had  a 
considerable  practice  until  August  term,  1826,  when 
he  was  a[>pointed  president  judge  of  the  Fourth 
.ludicial  District,  composed  of  the  counties  of  Centre, 
Clearlicid,  Mitilin,  and  Huntingdon,  and  afterwards, 
when  Clinton  County  was  erected,  it  was  added  to  the 
district.  H  \  I  ippointed  bv  Governor  bhulze  to 
succeed  .1  il  Huston  «ho  hid  been  ipp  nnted  to 
the  Hupremt  L  jurt  in  the  precedin      \|  ril 

Prior  to  his  appointment  as  )u  L  I  hill  een  an 
active  politician  in  tlie  Democrat  |  iit\  In  ISlo 
he  was  ekcti  1  t  >  (     n   le  s  it  i  sj  ec   U  de  ti   n  in  the 


1^^  hJ 

rict  .-..inp.isc.l  of  the  counties  of  Huntingdon,  Cen- 
."\Iillliii,  ('i.Nuiicld,  and  McKean,  In  1824  he  was 
■tc.l  to  th..  Stiitc  Senate  from  the  Thirteenth  Dis- 
t,'.l  ..f  l.y.v.inin-.  Centre,  Clearfield,  Mc- 
111,  an. I  l'  11.-  was  .•li.isen  Speaker  of  the 
ate,  ami  tlllc.l  the  chair  until  the  commencement 


Judge  Burnside  succeeded  Judge  Huston  on  the 
bench  of  the  Common  Pleas  and  also  on  the  bench  of 
the  Supreme  Court,  and  stepped  into  his  shoes  in  18:2(1 
and  again  in  1845,  being  his  immediate  successor  in 
both  instances.  In  1841  he  resigned  his  judgeshiji 
here,  and  Governor  Porter  appointed  him  to  another 
in  Montgomery  County,  and  George  W.  Woodward 
was  appointed  his  successor  in  this  district.  On  the 
2d  of  January,  1845,  Judge  IJuniside  was  appointed  a 
judge  of  the  Supreme  Court,  and  he  served  in  that 
capacity  until  the  time  of  his  death  in  March,  lS"il. 
Hewas  succeeded  in  that  court  by  Judge  George  \V. 

As  a  Common  Pleas  judge,  he  was  regarded  as  able, 
upright,  and  impartial,  and  he  administered  equal  and 
exact  justice  between  man  and  man,  and  as  a  criminal 
judge  he  was  a  terror  to  evil-doers.  But  he  had  no 
printed  rules  regulating  the  practice  in  liis  courts. 
He  had  a  few  rules  which  he  carried  in  his  head  or 
in  a  private  book,  and  a  few  rules  or  standing;  nnlers 
were  scattered  through  the  dockets,  and  but  irw  i>f 
the  attorneys  knew  anything  of  them.  I'lic  liii-iiie.-.s 
in  this  county  accumulated  to  sucli  a  dru  rrr  tli.ii  ~uits 
could  rarely  be  reached  and  tried  insidi'  nf  iwo  years 
from  the  time  of  their  institution.  His  opinions  in 
the  Supreme  Court  were  generally  brief  and  pointed. 

In  manner  he  was  rude  and  blunt.  His  personal 
appearance,  too,  was  against  him,  and  he  did  not 
seem  to  care  about  improving  it  by  dress  or  toilet. 

He  died  on  the  25th  of  March,  1851,  much  la- 
mented by  his  numerous  friends  and  by  the  legal 
profession  in  general. 

George  W.  Woodward  once  adorned  the  judicial  ' 
bench  of  Huntingdon  County.  He  succeeded  Thomas 
Burnside  in  April,  1841,  as  president  judge  of  the 
Fourth  Judicial  District,  composed  of  (lie  Cdunfiesof 
Huntingdon,  MitHin,  Centre,  Clearth-ld,  and  Clinton. 
He  was  regarded  as  one  of  the  best  judi:.-  a|ip'iinted 
by  Governor  Porter.  The  Fourth  Judicial  District 
was  at  that  time  the  largest  and  most  burdensome 
one  in  the  State,  and  the  pending  cases  had  accumu- 
lated to  such  an  extent  that  the  delay  occasioned 
thereby  amounted  almost  to  a  denial  of  justice. 

At  the  time  of  his  appointment  Judge  Woodward 
was  a  practicing  attorney  at  Wilkesbarre,  Luzerne  i 
Co.  He  had  been  a  member  of  the  Constitutional 
Convention  of  1837-38,  and  although  he  was  one  of 
the  youngest  members  of  that  body,  he  soon  gained  ' 
the  honorable  distinction  of  a  leader  of  his  party  in 
that  connection,  and  attracted  considerable  attention 
throughout  the  State  by  the  clearness  and  ability 
which  characterized  his  speeches.  ) 

In  1845  he  was  nominated  for  United  States  sena-  i 
tor,  and  was  defeated  by  Simon  Cameron.     In  De-  i 
cember  of  the  same  year  President  Polk  appointed 
him  judge  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States, 
but  the  Senate  rejected  him. 

While  his  nomination  was  pending  before  the  , 
Senate  a  meeting  of  the  Huntingdon  bar  was  con- 

vened, without  distinction  of  party,  and  resolutions 
were  adopted  urgini,'  his  confirmation.  Two  of  the 
resoluth.ns  were  as  lull,,ws:  "  1st.  That  the  Hunting- 
don Ijar  entertains  the  kindest  recollections  of  the 
character  and  example  of  the  Hon.  G.  W.  Woodward 
while  lie  was  with  us,  no  less  for  his  civic  virtues 
than  for  liis  judicial  firmness  and  amenity.  2d.  That 
from  our  knowledge  of  the  man  we  confidently  as- 
sure the  profession  throughout  the  United  States  that 
the  recent  appointment  has  added  to  the  bench  of  the 
Supreme  (Juurt  a  jurist,  a  scholar,  and  a  gentleman 
who  will  fully  sustain  the  reputation  of  the  high  tri- 
liunal  of  wliich  he  is  now  a  mendier." 

He  appeared  to  liave  a  tide  of  ill  luck  .against  him 
in  1,S4-'),  but  in  1852  he  was  chosen  to  the  Supreme 
Court  of  Pennsylvania,  and  served  a  iidl  term  of  fif- 
teen years,  endinn-  in  ist;;  as  chief  justice.  After- 
wards he  was  twice  elected  to  Congress  from  the  Lu- 
zerne district,  and  was  au  able  and  prominent  mem- 
ber of  that  body. 

His  last  public  position  was  that  of  a  delegate  to 
the  late  Constitutional  Convention  which  Irameil  the 
present  Constitution  of  the  State,  his  first  and  his 
last  public  position  being  tliat  of  a  framer  of  Consti- 
tutions for  his  native  State. 

Judge  Woodward  held  his  first  court  in  this  county 
in  April,  1841.  At  that  time  he  was  tall  and  slender, 
measuring  more  than  six  feet  in  height,  and  very  erect, 
with  high  forehead  and  blue  eyes,  evincing  depth  of 
thought,  and  his  whole  countenance  and  manner  de- 
noted more  than  ordinary  intellect  and  firmness.  He 
remained  here  only  one  year. 

Judge  Woodward  died  at  Rome,  Italy,  in  May, 
1875,  while  sojourning  in  that  far-oft'  country. 

JoHS  Blanchard  was  a  resident  of  Bellefimte. 
He  was  admitted  an  attorney  in  this  county  at  April 
term,  1815.  He  had  been  admitted  at  York,  Pa.,  on 
the  31st  of  March  of  that  year.  He  was  an  Eastern 
man,  reared  and  educated  in  New  England,  a  gradu- 
ate of  Yale  College,  and  thoroughly  imbued  with 
Puritanical  principles. 

He  located  in  Bellefonte  wdiile  yet  a  young  man, 
and  secured  a  good  practice  in  Centre  County  and 
soon  extended  it  into  adjoining  counties.  For  many 
years  he  was  an  attendant  upon  our  courts,  and  par- 
ticipated in  most  of  the  important  trials  that  took 
place  here.  He  was  one  of  Robert  Campbell's  attor- 
neys in  the  case  of  the  Commonwealth  against  him 
for  libel  upon  Governor  Porter.  His  colleagues  in 
that  case  were  Samuel  Alexander,  of  Carlisle,  and 
John  G.  Miles,  of  Huntingdon. 

Mr.  Blanchard  had  all  his  life  been  an  opponent  of 
the  Democratic  party.  He  had  grown  gray  in  that 
opposition.  No  wonder,  therefore,  that  he  should  in 
1844  receive  the  unanimous  nomination  of  the  Whig 
party  for  Congress.  The  district  was  composed  of  the 
counties  of  Centre,  Huntingdon,  Mifflin,  and  Juniata, 
every  county  being  represented.  Tlie  conference 
nominated  him  by  acclamation.    .Tohii  G.  Miles,  who 


Wi\s  his  brutlier-in-law,  had  many  friends  in  this 
county,  and  tlie  conferees  from  this  county  would 
have  voted  for  liis  nomination,  but  he  declined  in 
favor  of  Mr.  lilaiichard,  thus  making  a  sacrifice  which 
not  many  men  are  willing  to  make.  Dr.  Joseph  Hen- 
derson, of  .MifHin  County,  was  his  competitor.  Hunt- 
ingdon CiiuMty  gave  Mr.  IJlanchard  a  majority  of 
thirteen  hundred  and  thirty-one,  and  he  carried  the 
district  by  three  hundred  and  ninety-six  majority.  la 
184G,  Mr.  Blanchard  was  again  nominated  and  elected 
to  Congress  over  A.  P.  Wilson,  of  Huntingdon. 

Mr.  Blanchard  was  not  noted  for  much  speaking  in 
Congress,  although  he  was  not  entirely  silent.  He 
made  a  speech  upon  the  tarifT  question  which  at- 
tracted considerable  attention  at  the  time.  His  voice 
was  feeble,  but  his  fellow-members  soon  discovered 
that  there  was  something  in  him,  and  they  gathered 
around  him  to  hear  what  he  had  to  say.  His  speech 
on  that  occasion  abounded  in  wit  and  humor,  as  well 
as  ill  sound  and  forcible  argument,  cliaracteri^lic  of 
Mr.  Blanchard. 

J[r.  Blanchard  was  a  man  of  good  talents,  but  of 
very  ordinary  personal  appearance.  He  was  a  long- 
headed and  long-fiiced  man  in  a  literal  and  natural 
seii'^e.  lie  was  about  five  feet  eight  or  nine  inches 
high,  thin  and  ]>ale.  For  a  long  time  he  was  in  ill 
health,  and  labored  under  bodily  and  mental  depres- 
sion, but  he  recovered  from  this  and  "was  himself 
again."  Towards  the  latter  part  of  his  life  his  voice 
in  some  measure  failed  him,  but  his  mind  remained 
clear  to  the  last. 

William  W.  Potter  was  admitted  an  attorney  of 
the  courts  of  this  county  on  the  10th  of  August,  1815, 
while  Judge  Walker  still  presided.  He  was  a  resi- 
dent of  Bellefonte,  and  had  been  admitted  in  Centre 
Countv  a  short  time  before  he  became  a  member  of 
the  Huntingdon  bar. 

He  was  of  very  comely  and  commanding  appear- 

of  line  I'ealurc^-.  very  black  hair,  and  pleasant  adilress. 
1 11^    wri-ht     probably    appro.ximated    two    hundred 

1  had  a  lull  practice  m  Cen- 
>fr-<ioiial    engagements  fre- 

<aUMs.  and  he  bee 
•r.     H>-  "ften    indul 

son,  of  Huntingdon,  a  popular  politician  in  what 
was  then  denominated  the  Democratic  Anti-Masonic 
|iarty,  the  regular  nominee  of  that  party.  John  Ash- 
man, of  Three  Springs,  was  also  a  candidate,  being 

i  nominated  by  a  small  party  on  what  they  were  pleased 
to  call  "  the  People's  ticket."  The  vote  stood  in  this 
county:  For  Potter,  1793  ;  for  Williamson,  1922  ;  and 
for  Ashman,  181.  Mr.  Potter  had  a  majority  in  the 
district.  His  first  term  in  Congress  proved  satisfac- 
tory to  his  part}',  and  in  1838  he  was  again  nominated 
and  elected  by  a  small  majority  over  James  Irvin,  of 
Centre  County. 

\  He  died  in  1839,  and  a  special  election  was  held  in 
November  of  that  year  to  (511  his  unexpired  term, 
when  George  McCuUoch  was  elected. 

At  August  sessions,  1839,  the  famous  prosecution  of 
Robert  Campbell  for  libel  was  tried.  The  alleged 
libel  was  a  letter  written  by  the  defendant,  Campbell, 
the  successor  of  Porter  in  the  prothonotary's  office,  to 
Xer  Middlesworth,  a  prominent  politician  of  Union 
County,  in  March,  1838,  while  Porter  was  a  candidate 
for  Governor,  charging  that  Porter,  the  prosecutor, 
was  discharged  as  an  insolvent  debtor  in  1819,  and  that 
he  afterwards,  while  in  charge  of  the  records,  purloined 
the  schedule  of  his  property,  debts,  etc.  As  already 
stated  in  the  preceding  sketch,  the  defendant  v,  as 
represented  by  Miles,  Alexander,  and  Blanchard. 
Governor  Porter  had  employed  and  brought  here 
George  W.  Barton,  of  Philadelphia,  and  Mr.  Potter  to 
assist  Alexander  Gwin,  the  prosecuting  attorney.  Mr. 
Barton  was  noted  for  his  eloquence  and  ability  as  a 

t  lawyer.     After  the  evidence  was  all  in  he  commenced 

I  the  opening  argument  for  the  commonwealth,  and 
spoke  for  four  hours,  pouring  out  a  perfect  torrent  of 
declamation,  and  after  Messrs.  Alexander  and  Blan- 
chard argued  the  case  of  the  defense  with  their  usual 
ability,  Mr.  Potter  made  the  concluding  speech  for 
the  prosecution  with  such  consummateskill  and  power, 
and  with  aglow  of  eloquence  and  a  vigor  of  logic  that 
tntally  eclipsed  his  city  colleague,  and  left  him  to  the 
~mall  honors  of  a  tin  trumpet  sound  as  compared 
with  the  clear  bugle  blasts  of  Mr.  Potter.  The  argu- 
miiit>  ill  this  exciting  case  were  doubtless  the  grand- 
est display  of  oratory  ever  exhibited  in  this  county. 
Mr.  I'.'ttrr  was  then  in  good  health  and  spirits,  and 
app:irrnily  in  the  full  vigor  of  manhood,  but  was 
striikin  down  suddenly  before  another  court  was  held 

.Iami.s  (?i-eel  was  born  on  the  l.'lth  of  January, 
IT'.iij.  Alter  he  grew  to  a  proper  age  he  was  sent  to 
the  siliiiiil  under  the  tutorship  of  Rev.  John  John- 
ston, where  he  le:iriied  to  read  Latin, — how  little  or 
how  iiiueh  i>  not  kii.iwii,  nor  is  it  now  material  to 
know.  He  wa-  a  smart  boy,  such  as  in  common  par- 
lance at  ihi-  day  uould  be  called  "  fast,"  and  was  full 
of  mischievous  but  not  malicious  tricks.  His  father, 
William  Steel,  held  the  offices  of  prothonotary  and 
i-lcrk  of  the  courts,  and  James,  while  yet  a  lad,  was 
put    in   as   clerk  and  afterwards  as  deputv,  and   did 



good  service  in  the  offices.     His  father  also  kept  a 
store  and  a  tavern,  and  the  boy,  or  young  man,  as 
they  would  now  say,  had  fine  opportunities  of  extend-  ' 
ing  his  acquaintance  and  developing  his  character, 
and  he  improved  them.  | 

At  times  the  father  would  become  impatient  with  j 
the  son  and  rebuke  him  for  his  waywardness,  and 
threaten  to  "  bind  him  out  to  a  trade,"  and  upon  one 
occasion  actually  took  him  by  the  arm  and  was 
leading  liim  to  the  shop  of  David  Snyder,  a  hatter, 
to  bind  him  an  apprentice  to  learn  that  art  and  1 
trade.  But  while  on  the  way  by  the  merest  accident  j 
they  met  Robert  Allison,  a  gentleman  who  knew 
James  and  liked  him.  Upon  being  made  acquainted 
with  the  mission  on  which  they  had  started,  Mr. 
Allison  interposed  and  said,  "  Gen.  Steel,  let  me  have 
the  boy,  and  I  will  make  a  lawyer  of  him."  The 
father  thought  it  hardly  worth  while,— the  boy  would 
not  have  application  enough, — but  finally  consented 
to  let  him  try  it.  After  the  usual  course  of  study  he 
was  duly  examined  and  admitted,  on  motion  of  his 
preceptor,  on  the  18th  of  August,  1818.  He  was  well 
qualified  to  practice.  He  was  in  himself  a  book  of  legal 
forms.  Having  been  clerk  in  the  office  of  the  county  i 
commissioners  and  in  the  office  of  an  attorney  of  ex- 
tensive and  varied  practice,  and  clerk  in  the  prothono- 
tary's  and  register  and  recorder's  ofiices,  he  was  famil- 
iar with  all  the  legal  forms,  and  being  at  the  same  time 
an  excellent  and  expert  penman,  he  proved  to  be  one  of 
the  best  of  scriveners.  His  professional  business  con- 
sisted chiefly  in  Orphans'  Court  practice  and  scriven- 
ing.  He  had  a  memory,  too,  that  enabled  him  to  refer 
to  ])recedents  in  the  courts  and  in  the  offices  of  the 
county, — an  endowment  which  will  save  a  vast  amount 
of  perplexing  trouble  and  time  in  the  preparation  of 
legal  documents.  In  the  course  of  his  long  practice 
he  was  counsel  for  the  county  commissioners  for  many 
years,  and  counsel  for  .Sheriff's  James  Henderson, 
Thomas  Lloyd,  and  Joseph  Higgins,  and  perhaps 
others,  and  made  as  few  mistakes  as  any  other  man 
who  ever  acted  in  those  capacities.  He  was  always 
regarded  as  a  safe  counselor. 

By  some  means  he  acquired  the  name  of  major,  and 
was  better  known  by  that  title  than  by  his  Christian 
name.  In  fact,  almost  every  prominent  citizen  of  the 
town  and  county  at  that  time  was  the  happy  pos- 
sessor of  some  military  title,  but  many  of  them  could 
not  show  a  commission  conferring  that  distinction. 

Maj.  Steel  had  all  the  elements  of  popularity 
within  himself.  He  was  generous  to  a  fault,  frank, 
truthful,  warm-hearted.  ea.sily  accessible,  and  con- 
fiding. He  was,  moreover,  full  of  good  nature,  wit, 
and  humor,  fond  of  cracking  jokes,  and  he  told  anec- 
dotes with  a  great  deal  of  vim  and  zest. 

The  first  record  we  have  of  his  political  or  official 
life  is  in  1819,  one  year  after  his  admission  to  the  bar, 
when  he  was  elected  county  auditor  over  Conrad 
Buclier.  In  1827  he  was  elected  county  commis- 
sioner over  John  Owens.     In  the  early  part  of  1839, 

Governor  Ritner  a|>pninte(l  him  prothonotary  before 
he  left  the  executive  chair,  and  the  incoming  Gov- 
ernor (Porter)  appointed  John  Cresswell  to  the  same 
office.  Many  similar  appointments  were  made  by 
the  outgoing  and  the  incoming  Governors,  and  when 
the  question  was  taken  into  court  Porter's  appoint- 
ments were  sustained.  The  Constitution  of  1838  had 
just  become  operative,  and  this  question  as  to  the 
appointing  power  grew  out  of  a  section  in  it.  Mr. 
Steel  was  ousted,  and  the  office  was  given  to  John 
Cresswell.  In  the  fall  of  the  same  year  (1839)  the 
same  two  gentlemen  were  candidates  for  the  same 
office,  nominees  of  tlieir  resjiective  parties,  the  office 
having  become  elective,  and  Steel  was  elected  over 
Cresswell  by  a  vote  of  2321  to  2159.  He  served  out 
his  third  term  till  December,  1848. 

He  was  more  than  six  feet  liigh,  thin  in  flesh,  his 
eyes  were  gray  and  searching,  his  fiice  always  clean 
shaved,  without  whiskers,  and  his  hair  well  set,  but 
gray,  and  his  general  demeanor  was  gentlemanly, 
polite,  and  affidjie. 

In  iiis  early  years  he  manifested  some  wildness, 
but  in  the  flower  of  manhood  he  was  converted  and 
joined  the  Methodist  Episcopal  communion,  and  be- 
came an  exemplary  Christian.     In  or  about  the  year 
1834  he  married  Miss  Eliza  Rothrock,  of  Bellefonte, 
a  Methodist  lady,  whom  he  met  at  a  camp-meeting 
some  time  before.    Their  home  soon  became  the  head- 
quarters of  the  circuit  preachers,  and  the  major  and 
his  good  lady  were  noted  for  their  generous  hospi- 
tality.    Many  amusing  stories  could  be  told  about 
Maj.  Steel,  but  space  will  not  permit.    However,  one 
little    pious   anecdote   of  which  he  was  the  subject 
must  be  mentioned.    The  old  Steel  family  were  "  Cov- 
enanters," and  were  not  pleased  that  the  major  had 
i  left  the  faith  of  his  fathers  and  joined  the  Methodist 
Church.     Soon  after  he  joined  the  church  he  visited 
j  his  uncle,  Alexander  Steel,  in  the  country,  who  asked 
I  him  to  conduct  the  family  worship,  which  was  accord- 
j  ingly  done.    The  next  morning  his  uncle  said  to  him, 
;  "  Well,  Jeems,  you  made  a  pretty  good  prayer,  but  it 
was  wonderfully  scattered." 

He  never    practiced   outside  of  his  own   county, 
never  traveled   much  except  to  camp-meetings  and 
1  conferences.     He  was   domestic   in   his   habits   and 
tastes  and  of  high  social  qualities,  and  took  great 
j  interest  in  the  cause  of  temperance  and  moral  reform. 
He  died  at  his  residence  in  Huntingdon  on  the  26th 
j  day  of  December,  1868,  aged  seventy-two  years,  "re- 
tiring in  the  hope  of  a  glorious  resurrection." 

John  G.  Miles  was  a  member  of  the  Huntingdon 
County  bar  in  active  practice  for  about  fifty  years. 
He  was  admitted  on  the  15th  of  August,  1821,  and 
continued  in  practice  till  about  the  year  1871.  He 
also  attended  the  courts  in  Centre,  Cambria,  and 
Blair  Counties,  and  had  a  large  and  hicrativc  prac- 
tice down  to  the  date  of  his  retirement  from  the  bar. 
He  resided  in  Huntingdon  during  all  this  time,  and 
'  was    a    highly-respected    citizen    and    well    known 



tlirnUL'li'iiit  tlir  county.  He  was  a  close  student,  an 
iMiiu-tii'.u<  piartitioner,  and  expended  a  great  di-al 
of  iahor  in  tin-  iireparation  of  his  cases  as  well  as  in 
the  trial  of  them.  From  July  31,  1837,  George  Tay- 
li>r  laftcrwards  judge)  was  in  partn«-ship  with  Mr. 
Miles  in  the  practice  of  law  until  August,  1843,  when 
ilr.  Taylor  retired  and  William  Dorris,  Jr.,  took  his 
])l:icf,  and  the  law  firm  continued  to  be  Miles  & 
Durris  until  November,  1872,  the  date  of  Mr.  Miles' 
retirement  and  removal  to  Peoria,  111. 

He  was  not  a  politician,  but  adopted  the  Anti- 
Masonic  and  Whig  doctrines  in  early  life,  and  ad- 
lurcil  to  them  unwaveringly,  and  in  1856  naturally 
gli.hd  into  the  Republican  party  with  the  body  of 
the  WhiL'  party  in  the  North.  He  was  always  very 
decided  in  his  political  convictions  and  preferences. 
In  1S4II  his  ].arty,  without  any  solicitation  ou  his 
jiart,  ncjminated  him  for  the  lower  branch  of  the 
State  Legislature  and  elected  him.  He  received  one 
hundred  and  twenty-two  votes  more  than  Joseph 
Higgins.  his  colleague,  and  was  elected  over  his  i 
highest  competitor  by  more  than  a  thousand  majority. 
The  next  year  there  was  one  of  those  strange  period- 
ical revulsions,  and  he  and  his  colleague  were  de- 
feated by  small  majorities.  In  1843  he  was  a  member 
of  the  State  Committee  of  his  party. 

Jlr.  Miles  was  strictly  honest  in  politics  as  well  as  I 
in  all  things  else.  In  18ot!  he  was  chairman  of  the  I 
Kepublican  County  Committee,  and  conducted  the 
first  Re])ublican  campaign  in  the  county,  that  of 
Fremont  cs.  Buchanan  and  Fillmore.  At  the  end  of 
a  vigorous  campaign  he  had  some  of  the  funds  left 
which  had  been  furnished  by  the  State  Committee, 
which  he  actually  paid  over  to  that  committee.  This 
may  appear  incredible  to  moder;i  politicians,  and  es- 
[lecially  to  chairmen  of  county  committees,  but  it  is 
nevertheless  true ;  he  rendered  an  account  of  his  dis- 
linrsements,  and  accomjjanied  it  with  the  cash  on 
hand  all  tlie  same  as  if  he  had  been  under  bonds  to 

cnngre->innal  aspirants  as  the  following:  In  1>;44  he 
was  the  cboici- of  his  party  in  the  county  t'nr  Cm- 
gri-~s.  and  the  conferees  were  instructed  for  him.  but 

.n    and  w; 
1 e  fi-..i 

Harrisbuii;  at  the  endol  tlu-  h^.u-ishil  i  v  ,•  >c-~iun.  Mr. 
Miles  met  with  a  serious  accident,  and  narr..wly  es- 
caped a  sudden  and  awful  death.  It  was  |,nbli-licd 
in  some  of  the  newspapers  that  lie  was  so  scvirdy  in- 
jured that  he  -urvivcd  but  a  few  moments.  He  was 
traveling  in  a  |iackcl-l")at.  .ind  in  entering  a  Jock  a 
sudden  iar  tliivw  liini  into  the  lock,  where  he  was 
caught  between  tli.^  walls  of  the  lock  and  the  railing 
of  the  bnat  and  -liovd  or  rnlled  by  the  progress  of 
the  linal.      The  preseiii'e  of  mind   ajid   the  activity  of 

continue  a  life  of  usefulness.  Thus  he  was  one  of  the 
k-K  who  are  permitted  to  live  long  enough  to  see 
their  own  death  announced  in  the  newspapers. 

He  was  the  attorney  of  the  late  Dr.  Peter  Shoen- 
berger,  who  also  appointed  him  one  of  his  executors. 
Mr.  Miles  became  the  acting  executor  of  that  large 
estate,  and  devoted  much  time  and  attention  to  the 
settlement  of  it.  The  late  firm  of  Miles  &  Dorris  were 
the  resident  counsel  and  attorneys  for  the  Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad  Company,  and  served  the  company 
faithfully  and  well. 

Mr.  Miles  was  born  March  13,  1797,  in  Centre 
County,  and  died  at  the  residence  of  his  son.  Dr.  B. 
Fullerton  Miles,  in  Peoria,  III.,  on  the  27th  of  Sep- 
tember, 1877,  in  the  eighty-first  year  of  his  age.  His 
remains  were  brought  to  Huntingdon.  A  massive 
granite  rock,  weighing  eight  thousand  pounds,  marks 
the  spot  in  the  cemetery  where  his  dust  is  mingled 
with  that  of  the  earth. 

AVgustu^  K.  Corsyx  was  a  native  of  Perry 
County,  Pa.  He  came  to  Huntingdon  in  the  spring 
or  summer  of  1840,  prospecting  for  a  good  place  to 
locate,  etc.,  and  then  returned  to  New  Bloomfield 
until  September,  when  he  made  his  second  appear- 
ance here  and  opened  an  office  in  McCahan's  Row 
(now  Cunningham's),  and  published  a  card  announc- 
ing that  he  and  Isaac  Fisher,  of  Lewistown,  were  in 
partnership  in  the  practice  of  law  in  Huntingdon. 

He  was  admitted  to  practice  at  Huntingdon  on  the 
9th  of  November,  1840.  The  partnership  announced 
did  not  continue  long,  for  in  December,  1840,  Mr. 
Cornyn  changed  his  advertisement,  and  he  was  doing 
business  alone  in  the  same  place;  and  Mr.  Fisher 
moved  his  office  from  Lewistown  to  Huntingdon  in 
December,  1843,  and  entered  into  partnershi])  with 
John  Williamson. 

In  January,  1842,  .Air.  Cornyn  married  Miss  Ellen 
Anderson,  si.ster  of  John  P.  Anderson,  of  Hunt- 
ingdon, but  she  died  in  October  of  the  same  year. 
In  September,  1850,  he  again  married,  this  time  a 
Miss  Jacobs,  of  Harrisburg,  and  soon  afterwards  re- 
moved toChambersburg,  where  he  opened  a  law-office, 
and  remained  till  he  died  some  years  later. 

During  his  residence  in  Huntingdon  he  was  an 
active  politician  in  the  Whig  party,  and  took  a 
lively  interest  in  the  contest  between  James  Irvin 
and  George  McCuUoch,  for  Congre-ss,  as  well  as  in 
subsequent  i)olitical  contests.  In  1848  he  received 
the  nomination  for  Assembly,  and  was  elected  over 
Kohert  F.  Haslet  by  a  majority  of  three  hundred  and 
forty-six.  In  1849  he  was  again  nominated  for  the 
same  office,  and  elected  over  David  Duff  by  a  ma- 
jority of  five  hundred  and  fifty-nine  votes.  In  both 
these  years  he  made  vigorous  campaigns,  and  ad- 
ilressed  a  number  of  large  meetings  in  various  parts 
of  the  county.  He  was  a  fluent  speaker,  possessed  of 
a  good  deal  of  wit  and  humor,  and  spoke  with  force 
and  effect.     At  times  he  was  quite  eloquent. 

In  persiin.  Mr.  Cornyn  was  tall  and  slender,  and  of 



prepossessing  appearance.  He  was  fond  of  dress  and 
gilt  buttons  and  parade.  He  had  acquired  the  title 
colonel  by  election, — colonel  of  militia, — and  was 
elated  with  it. 

It  was  through  his  influence  that  the  Twenty-fourth 
Judicial  District  was  created,  and  Judge  Taylor  ap- 
pointed to  preside  over  it. 

Bartox  McMulles"  was  a  native  of  Pennsylvania. 
He  was  born  at  Mexico,  or  its  vicinity,  in  Cumber- 
land (now  Juniata)  County,  in  the  year  1796.  He 
was  educated  in  MifHin  County,  and  studied  law 
with  Elias  W.  Hale,  a  very  prominent  and  excellent 
lawyer  of  that  place.  Mr.  McMuUen  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  at  Huntingdon  on  the  '.Ith  ..f  April,  \^T2. 
He  had  been  admitted  in  Lewistown  a  short  time  be- 
fore, and  ]irobably  opened  an  office  there,  but  he  set- 
tled in  Huntingdon  soon  after  his  admission  here 
and  ojiened  an  otiice,  and  immediately  entered  into  a 
good  practice,  and  continued  in  it  for  about  six  con- 
secutive years.  His  professional  career  was  short  but 
brilliant.  That  insidious  destroyer,  consumption, 
seized  uimii  him  as  a  victim,  and  after  the  usual 
changes  wliicli  inspire  flattering  hopes  and  depressing 
fears  he  linally  succumbed  on  the  20th  of  March, 
1828,  at  the  age  of  thirty-two  years. 

He  had  been  married  but  a  few  years  to  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Patrick  Gwin,  one  of  the  early  and  often- 
elected  sheriffs  of  the  county,  and  sister  of  James 
Gwin,  afterwards  one  of  the  associate  judges,  and  of 
Alexander  Gwin,  a  member  of  the  bar  at  a  later 
period.  He  had  but  two  children,  a  son  and  a 
daughter.  The  latter  is  still  living.  Tlie  daughter 
married  John  Arniitage,  who  was  sheriff,  and  after- 
wards a  member  of  the  bar.  She  is  the  mother  of 
George  Barton  Armitage,  a  member  of  the  bar. 

Mr.  McMidlen  never  held  any  public  office  nor 
coveted  any.  His  ambition  seemed  to  lead  him  to 
seek  eminence  at  the  bar,  and  in  no  other  direction. 

Isaac  Fisher  was  a  native  of  the  State  of  Dela- 
ware, and  studied  law  and  was  admitted  there  while 
yet  a  young  man.  From  thence  he  traveled  over  a 
large  portion  of  the  country,  and  especially  through 
the  Southern  States  of  the  Union,  wdiere  he  became 
thoroughly  disgusted  with  the  arrogance  and  self-im- 
portance of  the  slave-holders  as  a  class,  and  with  the 
iniquities  of  the  institution  of  slavery.  He  finally 
settled  in  Pennsylvania.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  at  Huntingdon  on  the  11th  of  April,  1822.  He 
bad  previously  been  admitted  at  York  and  at  Lewis- 
town.  At  the  time  of  his  admission  at  Huntingdon 
he  was  a  resident  of  Lewistown,  and  continued  there 
until  the  year  1843,  when  he  removed  to  Hunting- 
don and  opened  an  office,  and  was  for  some  years 
associated  with  John  Williamson,  in  the  law  busi- 

Mr.  Fisher  was  a  dignified  and  aristocratic-looking 
personage,  not  over  five  feet  ten  inches  in  height,  but 
with  an  unusually  large  abdomen,  caused  by  the  com- 
bined influence  of  a  tremendous  appetite,  a  seden- 

tary life,  and  consummate  gastronomic  abilities.  So 
much  was  this  reservoir  in  his  way  that  he  coidil  not 
stoop  to  pick  anything  ott'the  ground,  and,  moreover, 
it  seemed  to  be  a  burden  to  all  the  members  of  the 
body,  es|)ecially  to  the  lower  limbs.  The  contour  of 
his  head  and  the  features  of  his  face  were  also  very 
striking.  His  organs  of  vein  r:ilii)ii  were  poorly  de- 
veloped, his  perceptive  r:ieiillii-,  were  lull,  lii^  lore- 
head  projected  over  blur  or  liLiiit-L:r:iy  eyes,  |ir(]ti'(ied 
by  heavy  brows,  his  nose  somewhat  hooked,  month 
large  and  slightly  drawn  to  one  side.  His  tempera- 
ment,  as  phrenologists  would  say,  was  that  in  wliich 
the  bilious  predominated,  combined  with  the  lym- 
phatic. His  language  was  pure  and  elegant,  his 
erinneiati<in  clear,  and  his  style  forcible  and  em- 

He  never  had  a  very  full  practice,  and  this  enabled 
him  to  make  the  most  out  of  every  case,  and  to  take 
every  case  wdiich  he  lost  in  the  Common  Pleas,  if  in 
the  least  doubtful,  to  the  Supreme  Court,  where  he 
reversed  many  cases;  He  was  not  fond  of  authorities, 
at  least  not  of  modern  ones,  preferring  to  rest  his 
cases  upon  general  principles  and  the  opinions  of  the 
sages  of  the  woolsack  and  powdered  wig. 

Some  years  before  he  took  up  his  residence  in 
I  Huntingdon  he  wrote  a  book  entitled  "  Charles 
!  Ball,"  somewhat  in  the  style  of  a  novel  or  romance, 
his  hero  being  a  slave,  and  the  incidents  narrated 
those  which  the  author  had  picked  up  while  travel- 
ing or  sojourning  in  the  South.  Only  a  small  edition 
was  printed,  and  it  is  difficult  to  obtain  a  copy  of  it 
now.  In  this  effort  as  an  author  he  was  more  than  a 
quarter  of  a  century  ahead  of  the  times  in  which  he 
lived.  A  third  of  a  century  later  his  book  might 
have  been  as  popular  as  "  Uncle  Tom's  Cabin." 

Mr.  Fisher  was  an  intellectual  combatant  who 
rarely  failed  to  command  respect  and  admiration. 
With  his  full  and  imposing  figure  and  resolute  face, 
his  severe  logic,  his  correct  syntax,  in  short,  with  his 
weighty  person  and  his  weighty  words,  he  was  always 
forcible  and  impressive  whenever  he  addressed  a 
court,  a  jury,  or  a  public  assembly. 

He  departed  this  life  in  August,  18.58,  at  an  ad- 
I  vanced  age. 

James  M.  Bell  was  a  native  of  that  part  of  Hunt- 
ingdon County  which  now  forms  the  county  of  Blair. 
He  was  the  son  of  Edward  Bell,  one  of  the  pioneers 
of  the  upper  Juniata.  He  was  educated  in  Hunting- 
don, and  studied  law  with  Robert  Allison.  He 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  10th  of  August,  1824, 
went  to  Bedford,  and  remained  there  a  few  months, 
then  returned  and  opened  an  office  in  Huntingdon, 
and  continued  to  practice  till  the  year  1845,  when,  in 
anticipation  of  the  erection  of  Blair  County,  he  re- 
moved to  Hollidaysburg  and  made  investments  there, 
built  a  fine  mansion,  and  entered  into  the  banking 
business,  and  made  the  place  his  permanent  home. 

In  person,  Mr.  Bell  was  about  five  feet  ten  inches 
in  height  and  well  proportioned,  (|uite  athletic,  with 


broad,  smooth  face  and  open  countenance,  black  hair, 
wliich  he  lost  in  early  manhood,  large,  black,  rolling 
eyes,  betokening  a  restless  spirit  and  indomitable 
energy.  He  was  a  man  of  attractive  personal  appear- 
ance and  decidedly  talented.  When  he  spoke  in 
public  his  whole  body  was  in  motion,  his  hands 
making  gestures,  and  his  voice  full  and  clear.  He 
was  a  man  of  acknowledged  genius  and  indescribable 
verbiage.  His  writings  as  well'as  his  speeches  all  had 
the  same  verbosity  of  style,  which  often  made  him 
ajipear  tedious  and  uninteresting.  He  had  a  strong 
sense  of  justice,  and  despised  everything  that  was  low 
and  mean;  always  addressed  himself  to  the  mind  and 
conscience,  never  to  prejudice  and  passion.  He  was 
an  extremely  eccentric  character.  He  was  an  able 
lawyer,  and  could  readily  see  the  strong  and  the  weak 
liiiints  in  cases,  and  seize  upon  them  and  make  the 
most  out  of  them  notwithstanding  his  laborious  and 
verbose  style.  His  chief  power  consisted  in  his  ability 
to  seize  upon  the  salient  points  of  a  case  and  fix  the 
attention  firmly  upon  them.  From  1835  till  the  close 
of  his  professional  career  he  was  retained  in  nearly 
all  the  important  cases  in  the  courts  in  this  county, 
and  accumulated  some  wealth  by  his  practice.  He 
did  not  rise  very  rapidly  at  the  bar  for  the  first  two 
or  three  years  after  his  admission,  but  he  was  ap- 
pointed prosecuting  attorney  for  the  county  in  1827, 
and  then  rose  rapidly  in  his  profe.ssion,  proving  him- 
self a  careful,  industrious,  and  efficient  prosecuting 
officer  for  the  commonwealth. 

In  18.38,  Mr.  Bell  was  nnniiiiati.l  to  fill  tlie  unex- 
]iired  senatorial  term  of  David  K.  Porter,  who  had 
been  nominated  for  Governor.  The  senatorial  district 
was  a  double  one,  entitled  to  two  senators,  and  em- 
braced the  counties  of  Huntingdon,  Mifflin,  Juniata, 
Perry,  and  Union.  Mr.  Bell  had  the  largest  vote  in 
the  county,  a  majority  of  one  thousand  and  forty- 
seven,  and  two  hundred  and  eighty-tour  majority  in 
the  district.  It  is  needless  to  say  that  he  became  a 
]>roiiiineiit  and  influential  member  of  the  Senate. 

Sinnc  time  alter  going  into  the  business  of  banking 
in  llnlHrhiy-buri;  he  engaged  in  the  same  business 
luir.  and  Martr.l  the  l.anki\igdi.iuse  of  Bell.  Garrctt- 
s.,ii  .^  ('.,.,  wlii.-h  finally  grew  int..  the  Fii.t  Xati,.nal 
Bank,  ..f  which  he  was  Irnni  it>  n,-ani/,a- 
tioli  until  his  .l.'ath,  which  t.H.k  pla.-r  na  ihr  llh  of 
.Tune.  1^7",  at  his  r.-idmrr  in  Il,,lli,hiy-h,ir-. 

1;..i;i:ki  \Va  ij.a.'i:.  -The  tlr-t  auihcntir  a.rount 
that  «c  haMM.flhi-  -cnth.niaii  is  that  he  wa- a  srhool- 

wanlsadmitlcdtnthr  h:.r  at  1 1  iiiilin-dnn  ..„  th,' 
of  .laniiary,  1  mV,.  ilr  lia.l  prrvioiisly  h.-cn  adn 
to  the  Miiliiii  County  har.  Ilr  appear-  t..  ha\ 
(piiivdaiiood  shan-ofthr  l.u-in.-s  i„  rouri  i„  a 
time  attcr  his  adiui-Mon  ,„  Hui,t.i,-don. 

He  Hiairic.l  a  Mi-  llrmphill,  and  rrar.d  a  f 
in  lluntiic.'.lon.  So„u'  tiiuc  altrr  ls::i;  h,-  i„ov 
CIcaiiicId  Conntv.  where   he   till   the   til 

his  death.  His  wife  died  there  also  many  years  ago. 
He  wa.s  the  honored  father  of  William  A.  Wallace, 
who  was  for  twelve  years  State  senator  and  United 
States  senator  for  six  years. 

Robert  Wallace  was  a  man  of  small  stature,  below- 
medium  size,  of  an  honest,  open  countenance,  and 
of  a  cordial  and  sincere  disposition.  He  was  proud 
of  his  social  and  political  standing,  and  frank  and  un- 
reserved in  the  ordinary  intercourse  of  life. 

He  was  also  a  man  of  some  consequence  as  a  poli- 
tician in  the  Democratic  party.  For  a  while  he  owned 
and  edited  a  newspaper,  and  editors  are  generally 
looked  upon  as  leaders.  He  was  appointed  prosecut- 
ing attorney  under  Attorney-General  George  M.  Dal- 
las, during  the  administration  of  Governor  Wolf,  and 
bore  the  honor  with  becoming  dignity. 

Mr.  Wallace  was  an  Irishman  by  birth,  and  of  the 
Protestant  faith.  He  lived  to  the  ripe  age  of  eighty- 
three  years,  and  died  on  the  2d  of  January,  l.S7."i,  at 
Wallaceton,  Clearfield  Co.,  Pa. 

AxDREW  Porter  Wilsox  was  born  two  miles 
from  Roxbury,  Lurgan  township,  Franklin  Co.,  Pa., 
on  the  13th  day  of  June,  1806.  He  was  the  son  of 
Charles  Wilson  and  Sarah,  his  wife,  of  that  county. 
He  graduated  at  Jefferson  College  in  1823,  and  en- 
tered the  law-office  of  George  B.  Porter,  of  Lancaster, 
studied  with  him  about  two  years,  after  which  he  went 
to  Litchfield,  Conn.,  where  he  attended  the  law  school 
under  Judge  Gould.  In  April,  1826,  he  was  examined 
publicly  by  a  committee  of  the  bar  in  Litchfield,  in 
the  presence  of  the  whole  bar  of  the  county,  where 
no  one  could  be  admitted  without  a  vote  of  two-thirds 
of  the  lawyers  who  attended  the  examination.  The 
vote  of  the  bar  was  unanimous  for  his  admission, 
and  on  the  5th  of  April,  1826,  he  was  admitted  in 
the  Superior  Court  of  the  State  of  Connecticut  as  a 
lawyer  entitled  to  practice.  He  returned  to  Lan- 
caster, and  was  admitted  there  in  the  spring  of  the 
same  year.  In  1828,  through  the  influence  of  his 
cousin,  David  II.  Porter,  and  others,  Attorney-General 
Calvin  Blythe  appointed  him  his  deputy  for  Hunting- 
don County,  and  thus  commissioned  he  came  to  Hunt- 
ingdon, and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  16tli  of 
April,  1828,  from  which  time  his  citizenship  in  Hunt- 
ingdon County  maybe  dated.  Mr.  Wilson  at  once 
entered  upon  a  successful  career  of  practice,  wliicli 
was  uninterrupted  through  a  period  of  about  thirty- 
five  years,  running  <lown  to  about  the  year  l.sii3,  when 
he  retired  from  active  practice.  During  all  this  time 
he  never  hail  a  law  partner  except  lor  a  few  years  at 
the  ilo>c  ,,1  hi-  career,  when  he  had  associated  with 
him  lii,~  Irh'ud  and  former  student,  R.  Bruce  Petrikin, 
w  ho  -till  occupies  the  same  office  which  was  occupied 
by  Mr.  Wilson  during  the  whole  time  of  his  practice. 
The  I.  ronis  of  the  court  show  how  extensively  he  was 
lUiployi'd  in  these  thirty-live  years  in  the  active  pur- 
suit .if  hi-—  His  name  appears  to  more 
-uits  .luring  that  time  tluui  that  of  any  other  attorney 


His  arguments  indicated  a  lack  of  metliod.  Tliere 
was  no  systematic  arrangement  in  them.  They  were 
rambling  and  unstudied,  never  concise  and  pithy. 
He  was  not  quite  so  verbose  nor  as  roundabout  in  his 
speeches  as  bis  contemporary,  Mr.  Bell.  Neither  of 
them  had  studied  or  practiced  the  arts  and  graces  of 
oratory  with  any  degree  of  success. 

Mr.  Wilson  was  not  in  the  county  many  years  until 
he  was  chosen  a  military  leader  and  had  the  title  and 
epaulets  of  a  general  bestowed  upon  him,  and  thence- 
forth he  was  known  by  the  popular  name  of  Gen. 

In  1837  he  was  a  candidate  for  Assembly,  and  ran 
forty-one  votes  ahead  of  his  colleague  on  the  ticket, 
but  was  beaten  two  hundred  and  ten  votes.  In  1840 
he  was  again  a  candidate  on  the  Democratic  ticket, 
his  party  having  nominated  him  for  Congress.  He 
was  defeated  by  James  Irvin.  In  1846  he  was  again 
nominated  for  Congress,  and  was  defeated  by  John 
Blanehard.  This  result  disappointed  the  hopes  of 
Mr.  Wilson,  and  he  never  was  a  candidate  after- 

Although  Mr.  Wilson  had  a  full  and  lucrative 
practice,  he  engaged  in  other  business  from  time  to 
time,  especially  in  carrying  mails,  in  stage-lines,  and 
in  transportation  companies.  He  was  fond  of  horses 
and  kept  many  very  good  ones,  and  his  fondness  for 
riding  and  driving  blooded  horses  continued  unabated 
till  the  close  of  his  life ;  and  at  the  time  of  his  death 
he  had  several  fine  specimens  of  them,  and  was  rear- 
ing colts  to  keep  up  a  full  supply. 

Mr.  Wilson  was  an  Episcopalian,  and  contributed 
liberally  to  that  church,  and  attended  its  ministra- 
tions. He  also  held  a  pew  in  the  Presbyterian  Church, 
and  attended  it  in  the  absence  of  service  in  his  own. 
He  was  a  gentleman  of  fine  personal  appearance,  of 
good  social  qualities,  polite  and  agreeable  in  manners 
and  conversation,  fond  of  dress,  and  quite  a  beau. 
He  never  married,  but  for  many  years  he  kept  house, 
first  having  an  elderly  aunt  to  act  as  matron,  and 
after  her  death  a  youthful  niece  doing  the  honors  of 
the  household.  He  accumulated  an  estate  worth 
some  sixty  or  seventy  thousand  dollars,  and  died  in- 

An  illness  which  was  not  deemed  dangerous  at  first, 
under  which  he  lingered  for  some  months  without 
much  apparent  suffering,  finally  terminated  in  his 
death,  at  his  mansion  in  Huntingdon,  on  the  28th  of 
February,  1871,  aged  sixty-four  years,  eight  months, 
and  fifteen  days. 

Alexander  Gwin  was  born  in  the  borouj^li  of 
Huntingdon  on  the  29th  of  December,  isd?.  He 
received  a  collegiate  education,  graduated  at  Dickin- 
son College,  Carlisle,  and  afterwards  studied  law  in 
the  otBce  of  Robert  Allison,  and  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  on  the  '.Ith  of  November,  1830.  His  father,  Pat- 
rick (Jwiii,  had  been  sheriff  of  the  county  for  several 
terms,  ulttriiatiiig  with  John  Patton,  and  had  an  ex- 
tensive acquaintance  and  influence  throughout  the 

county.  Mr.  Gwin  came  to  the  bar  under  highly 
favorable  circumstances,  and  immediately  entered 
u[)on  a  practice,  for  which  he  was  well  qualified  by 
education  and  habits,  but  the  business  committed  to 
his  care  was  chiefly  that  of  his  immediate  family  con- 
nections and  friends.  On  account  of  distaste  for  the 
legal  profession,  or  some  other  cause,  he  divided  his 
time  and  attention  between  politics  and  the  law, 
seemingly  with  a  preference  for  the  former.  Conse- 
quently in  1834  we  find  him  at  the  head  of  a  Demo- 
cratic newspaper.  The  Hnnfini/ddii  Gazette,  advocating 
the  election  of  Henry  A.  Muhlenberg  for  Governor. 
Mr.  Gwin  was  not  disheartened  by  the  defeat  of  his 
candidate,  but  renewed  his  efforts  as  an  editor  for 
several  years,  and  as  a  politician  till  the  close  of  his 
life,  and  became  more  celebrated  as  a  political  leader 
than  as  a  lawyer. 

In  1839  he  was  appointed  prosecuting  attorney  for 
the  county,  an  office  which  he  filled  for  three  years. 
This  office  he  held  at  August  term,  1840,  when  he 
conducted  the  prosecution  of  Robert  McConaughy  for 
the  murder  of  the  Brown  family,  the  most  exciting 
case  that  was  ever  tried  in  the  county.  In  this  trial 
he  was  assisted  by  George  Taylor,  then  a  young 
attorney  (afterwards  judge),  and  they  both  distin- 
guished themselves  by  the  arguments  they  made  for 
the  commonwealth.  Mr.  Gwin,  although  a  plain, 
matter-of-fact  man,  who  eschewed  everything  like 
rhetorical  flourishes,  made  a  powerful  speech  against 
the  prisoner,  which  called  forth  the  admiration  of  the 
audience.  It  was  the  concluding  argument  in  the 
case,  and  was  overwhelming  to  the  prisoner. 

His  whole  course  as  a  prosecuting  officer  was 
marked  by  a  serene  severity  and  the  strictest  regard 
for  the  interests  of  the  commonwealth.  He  discharged 
the  duties  of  his  office  without  fear,  favor,  or  aftection, 
and  thus  became  a  terror  to  evil-doers  and  a  "  praise 
to  them  that  do  well."  Political  excitement  ran  high 
and  wild  at  that  period  of  the  history  of  our  county, 
and  at  one  of  the  courts  the  grand  jury  to  whom  a 
bill  had  been  sent  charging  some  offense  growing  out 
of  the  violation  of  the  election  laws  returned  it  in- 
dorsed "  ignoramus,  and  that  Alexander  Gwin,  prose- 
cuting attorney,  pay  the  costs,"  etc.  Judge  Burnside 
remonstrated,  explained  the  law  on  the  subject  of  im- 
posing costs  upon  officers  of  the  law,  but  tlie  jury 
were  firm,  and  would  not  move  from  their  position. 
Mr.  Gwin  stood  apparently  unmoved.  Judge  Burn- 
side,  turning  to  him,  asked  whether  he  had  any  other 
bills  to  lay  before  the  grand  jury,  when  Mr.  Gwin 
]iromptly  replied,  "I  have  no  more  business  for  this 
grand  jury  !"  Thereupon  the  grand  jury  was  dis- 
charged, and  the  remaining  bills  were  held  over  to 
the  next  sessions  for  another  grand  jury.  Mr.  Gwin 
never  had  any  trouble  with  grand  juries  afterwards. 

Mr.  Gwin  had  much  to  do  with  the  distracting 
movement  in  1S41,  when  the  Democrats,  under  a  local 
organization  known  as  the  Workingmen's  party, 
elected  a  portion  of  their  ticket  in  the  county  ;  but 



his  greatest  triumph  came  off  in  1845,  when  he  and 
Henry  L.  Patterson  were  elected  to  the  House  of 
Kepresentatives  over  Henry  Brewster  and  Adolphus 
Pattcrsiiii.  The  members  voted  for  the  division  of 
the  rounty  and  carried  it  through  the  Legishiture, 
but  yiv.  (iwin  retired  from  iiolitics,  and  died  two  vears 

a    rem 




•rllial    1' 




He  was 




t   and   j 








Lied  fdi'ty  years  and  three  months. 
Sami'ei.  S.  WiiAiniiN  wa.s  born  in  tlie  vicinity  of 
Newton  Hamilton,  in  Mitiiin  County,  in  the  year 
1806.  He  was  the  son  of  Henry  Wharton,  a  respect- 
able farmer,  who  lived  to  the  remarkable  age  of  ninety- 
one  years,  and  died  in  the  year  1873.  The  subject  of 
this  sketch  was  educated  in  the  borough  of  Hunting- 
don, and  afterwards  read  law  in  the  office  of  James 
M.  Bell,  and  was  on  the  13th  day  of  April,  1831,  ad- 
mitted to  practice.  He  opened  an  office  in  Hunting- 
don, but,  in  ciimmon  with  other  young  attorneys,  he 
expericnccil  that  clients  with  important  causes  are  shy 
cd'  new  and  inexperienced  lawyers  and  pass  by  their 
offices  on  the  other  side  of  the  way,  and  without  wait- 
ing long  he  turned  his  attention  to  the  field  of  jiolitics, 
so  temjiting  to  young  men  of  ambition  under  such  cir- 
cumstances, and  in  consequence  of  this  he  never  had 
a  very  extensive  practice  at  the  bar.  He  was  aftor- 
ward<  admitted  to  tli.'  bar  in  the  counties  of  Mifflin 
and   I'.lair,  and  al-n  in  the  Sujireme  Court  at  Harris- 


tuiH's  (hanged  and  he  became  one 
;>tul  imliticians  that  we  ever  had  i 



titles  were  re" 


stepping-stones    to 


pr.lrrme.its,  a 


ticians  availed  then 

,,-lve>  n 

tl,e-e   titles,  tb 

e  hi 

the  grade  the  grcatc 

the  Un> 


Mr.     Wliarlnn     u 

<     appo 

nlrd     deputy    : 


general    tor   llinitiriL 

don    Cnl 

nty   (Ml-   pro-r.-i 


torm-v,  as  tliev  w.-r. 


n   tli..>,.  day>'  1 

.V  A 

nev-(:enrralT..,l,l  j, 


in   ls.->:i,   when    1 


.11    an.l    r.lair 


formed   a    represent; 

live    dis 

rirt,   .Mr.    Wliai 


tl..'  Win-    ti.krt.       1 

,■  wa.   ;, 

:uu  ;!  i^ind'idln, 


ami   in  is:,;,  l.iit  wa- 


1.      In   ISou  1,,.. 


liMimc'd    np    a^ain    a 

d    rci'ei 

i-d    the    noiiiiie 


shaping  his  course  for  the  congressional  nominaticm 
in  18(32,  and  would  in  all  reasonable  pml. ability  have 
proved  siK'cessful  had  he  lived  until  that  time,  but 
lie  was  suddenly  cut  off  by  death  before  another 
nominating  season  came  around.  He  died  at  his 
boarding-house  in  Huntingdon  in  the  summer  of 
18(32,  after  an  illness  of  only  a  few  days.  His  corpse 
was  removed  to  the  residence  of  his  only  surviving 
son,  H.  S.  Wharton,  from  whence  his  funeral  took 
place.  He  died  "  with  the  harness  on,"  being  at  the 
time  of  his  death  a  member  of  the  State  Senate  and 
a  prominent  candidate  for  Congress. 

His  personal  appearance  would  attract  attention  in 
any  assembly.  He  was  a  fine-looking  man,  fully  si.x 
feet  high  and  of  symmetrical  form.  While  in  the 
lower  branch  of  the  Legislature  he  was  familiarly 
known  as  "  the  handsome  member,"  and  while  in  the 
Senate  his  personal  appearance  wa.s  equally  attractive. 
He  was  attentive  to  his  dress  and  general  personal 
appearance.  He  died  on  the  3d  of  June,  1862,  aged 
fifty-six  years. 

James  Cc.awihui.  was  a  native  of  West  tnwn~hip, 

a  farmer  and  justice  of  the  peace  in  said  town- 
ship. Jaiues,  the  subject  of  this  brief  memoir,  was 
born  in  February,  1809.  He  received  a  good  educa- 
tion, graduated  at  Jefferson  College,  Canonsburg, 
with  second  honor,  read  law  for  the  prescribed  pericjd, 
and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  Huntingdon  on  the 
14tli  of  .laiinary,  1833,  and  soon  afterwards  located 
at  Holliday>l.nrg.  opened  an  office,  and  immediately 
entered  upon  a  successful  career  of  practice  in  that 
place,  which  was  at  that  time  a  small  town  or  village, 
just  leaping  into  importance  on  account  of  being  des- 
tined to  become  the  connecting  link  between  the 
Pciinsyhania  Canal  and  the  Allegheny  Portage  llail-  r].on  the  completion  of  that  great  there. ngh- 
far.-  H..llidaysburg  beeameaplace  noted  f.r  bii-ine<s, 
ami  .■special'ly  for  law  business.  :\Ir.  Ciinvloid  bad 
made  a  happy  selection.  He  was  II. .lliday>l. org's 
fir~t  lawyer,  ami  lived  long  enough  to  see  it  become  a 
thriving  ti.wn  and  assume  a  name  and  a  place  upon 
111.'  in.ip  nt'  the  State,  but  not  long  enough  to  .see  it 
be. '.Hi.'  a  -rat  i.t' justice  and  have  courts  of  it-s  own. 
A>  a  lawyer,  .Mr.  Crawford  was  well  read,  careful, 
anil  till.'  as  st.el  to  the  interests  of  his  clients.  He 
ha. I.  fi.r  a  young  lawyer,  a  good  practice.  He  was  a 
man  i.t  sound  common  sense,  and  of  tolerable  con- 
viT>a(i..iial  powers.  For  strict  morality  and  purity 
of  lit.'  in  ]irivati'  and  public  stations  he  had  no  supe-,  an.l  in  the  practice  of  liis  profession  he  lived 
tully  up  t..  111.'  obligation  of  his  oath  to  act  with  all'lily.  t.i  u-^e  no  falsehood,  nor  ilelay  any  per- 

'  ma 

IS  Mr.  C 

rd  were  not  to  be  found  in 
lid  the  .■..iintry  had  a  call  for  such 
■.I  him  for  a  while  from  the  narrow 
lly  .■online  the  employment  of  a 
in  a  village.     .Mr.  Crawford  was  a 



Democrat  of  the  old  school,  and  his  party  honored 
itself  in  1835  by  nominating  him  as  their  candidate 
for  the  Legislature,  but  as  there  was  at  that  time  an 
opposition  majority  of  more  than  eight  hundred  in 
the  county  he  was  defeated,  though  he  ran  more  than 
four  hundred  votes  ahead  of  his  colleague  on  the 
ticket.  In  1836  he  was  again  nominated  for  the  same 
office  and  elected.  This  was  before  the  division  of 
the  county  was  agitated  in  political  circles,  and  that 
question  did  not  enter  into  the  contest  It  was  the 
personal  popularity  of  Mr.  Crawford  that  carried  him 
into  office. 

As  a  member  of  the  Legislature,  Mr.  Crawford  was 
attentive  and  industrious,  always  at  his  post,  but  he 
was  not  a  talking  member. 

He  retired  to  private  life  and  continued  to  pursue 
his  profession.  He  was  in  delicate  health  for  some 
years,  consumptive,  and  gradually  wasted  away.  He 
died  at  the  old  homestead,  above  Petersburg,  on  the 
18th  of  February,  1840,  at  the  early  age  of  thirty-oue 
years,  and  was  buried  at  Huntingdon. 

Benjamix  R.  Stevens. — The  memories  of  few 
men  outlive  the  monumental  stone  which  marks 
their  last  resting-place  on  earth,  and  yet  more  fleet- 
ing is  the  memory  of  him  who  has  not  been  fortunate 
enough  to  have  an  epitaph  to  be  sullied  by  the  ele- 
ments and  obliterated  by  the  tooth  of  Time.  The 
memory  of  the  gentleman  whose  name  stands  at  the 
head  of  this  brief  sketch  would  have  thus  faded  away 
if  the  meagre  facts  contained  therein  had  not  been 
gathered  ten  years  ago,  while  some  who  breathed  the 
same  air  that  he  breathed  were  yet  in  the  flesh,  for 
now  but  few  are  found  who  knew  him  or  any- 
thing about  him.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Hunting- 
don bar  from  about  the  year  1813  to  1827,  but  no 
record  can  be  found  of  his  admission.  It  must,  how- 
ever, have  been  about  the  year  1813,  as  his  name  first 
appears  to  suits  as  plaintiff's  attorney  to.  November 
term  of  that  year,  and  he  must  have  practiced  here 
some  fourteen  or  fifteen  years.  In  1827  his  name 
disappears  from  the  records,  the  last  time  it  occurs 
being  at  August  term  of  that  year.  He  appeared  to 
many  suits  brought  in  1818,  and  for  several  years 
later.  He  was  an  Eastern  man,  from  one  of  the 
New  England  States.  In  person  he  was  thin  and  tall, 
of  fair  complexion,  light  hair,  and  regular  features. 
Some  say  he  wore  a  cue,  others  deny  this.  Like 
many  of  his  professional  cotemporaries,  he  indulged 
too  much  in  the  flowing  bowl,  which  at  times  im- 
paired his  health  and  usefulness.  He  married  a  Miss 
Moore,  of  Huntingdon,  who  is  said  to  have  been  a 
very  amiable  and  excellent  lady,  and  he  had  a  son 
named  Nathaniel  B.  Stevens.  After  Mr.  Stevens 
died  his  family  removed  to  Connecticut.  The  date 
of  his  death  is  not  known,  probably  1827  or  1828. 

As  a  lawyer,  Mr.  Stevens  ranked  high.  Judge 
Huston  is  reported  to  have  pronounced  him  the  best 
lawyer  in  his  district. 

Thomas  P.  Campbell  was  a   native  of  Hender- 

son townsliip,  Huntingdon  Co.,  son  of  Matthew 
Canipliell;  received  such  education  as  could  be  ob- 
tainc(l  in  tin-  cnuntry  schools  and  by  persevering 
outsidi'  study.  He  learned  the  art  and  mystery  of 
printiiiu.  in  Huntingdon,  edited  and  puMislied  the 
first  neus|.a|.er  printed  in  Hollidayslmrt;,  called  the 
Aurofii,  disposed  of  his  printing-office,  and  studied 
law  in  the  oflice  of  Andrew  P.  Wilson,  in  Hunting- 
don, during  which  time  he  and  George  Taylor  (after- 
wards judge)  edited  a  Democratic  newspaper,  pub- 
lished in  Huntingdon,  entitled  the  BepubUcaii  Advo- 
cate. He  was  examined,  admitted,  and  sworn  in  as 
au  attorney  on  the  15th  of  November,  1836,  practiced 
in  Huntingdon  till  about  the  year  1865,  then  removed 
with  his  family  to  Davenport,  Iowa,  and  remained 
there  till  he  died,  on  the  6th  of  February,  1881. 

During  all  the  time  that  Campbell  practiced  here 
he  was  one  of  the  most  eloquent  speakers  at  this  bar, 
and  had  a  good  practice. 

In  January,  1839,  his  personal  and  political  friend, 
Governor  Porter,  appointed  him  register  and  recorder 
in  and  for  Huntingdon  County,  which  offices  he  filled 
till  the  general  election  in  October  of  the  same  year. 
The  offices  having  become  elective  under  the  Consti- 
tution of  1838,  he  was  a  candidate  for  the  same  in 
the  fall  of  1839,  and  was  defeated  by  John  Reed,  who 
had  been  his  predecessor  in  the  offices.  The  majority 
against  him  was  only  two  hundred  and  eighteen. 

In  April,  1842,  he  was  appointed  commissioner  in 
bankruptcy  under  the  bankrupt  law  of  1841,  and 
served  until  the  law  was  repealed  in  1843. 

In  1851  he  was  the  competitor  of  Judge  Taylor  fur 
the  office  of  president  judge. 

Mr.  Campbell  was  a  Democrat  from  his  youth  up 
until  1861,  when  the  war  of  the  Rebellion  broke  out; 
then  he  with  many  prominent  members  of  his  party 
became  first  a  war  Democrat,  and  afterwards  joined 
the  Republican  party. 

When  the  internal  revenue  law  had  been  passed 
he  was  appointed  assessor  for  the  congressional  dis- 
trict composed  of  the  counties  of  Huntingdon,  Blair, 
Cambria,  and  Mifflin,  which  office  he  held  for  several 
years  until  he  was  superceded  by  the  appointment  of 
J.  Sewell  Stewart. 

J.  Sewell  Stewaet  was  a  native  of  West  town- 
ship, Huntingdon  Co.,  Pa.,  born  on  the  1st  day  of 
May,  1819.  He  graduated  with  honor  at  Allegheny 
College,  Meadville,  Pa.,  in  1841,  studied  law  in  Hunt- 
ingdon in  the  office  of  James  Steel,  and  clerked 
in  the  prothonotary's  office  then  held  by  him,  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  17th  of  April,  1843, 
and  thenceforth  he  was  actively  engaged  in  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession.  In  1848  he  was  appointed 
deputy  attorney-general  (prosecuting  attorney)  for 
Huntingdon  County;  and  the  office  being  made 
elective  and  its  name  changed  to  that  of  district 
attorney,  he  was  nominated  and  elected  in  1850  and 
again  in  1853,  and  continued  to  discharge  the  duties 
of  that  office  till  the  Novenber  sessions,  1856. 



Mr.  Stewart  lia.l  a  ta-tr 
■vhicli  he  purchased  th,-  //^ 
;.stablishnient  and  iiistalh-' 
diair  in  ISol,  and  at  the  ? 
irofessional  practice,  but  h( 

for  literature,  to  indulge 
iiliiiijihrn  Journal  jirinting 
liiinself  in  the  editorial 
anie  time  continuing  his 
soon  wearied  of  editorial 
felicity,  and  sold  his  printing-ofBce  the  following 
year  and  again  devoted  his  whole  time  to  practice. 

In  1865  he  was  appointed  xssessor  of  internal  rev- 
enue in  the  Seventeenth  District,  composed  of  the 
counties  of  Huntingdon,  Blair,  Cambria,  and  Somer- 
set, which  ollice  lie  held  at  the  time  of  his  death. 

11  ted 

W.  Benedict,  as  a  i 

liartni-r  in  practice  in  January,  1806,  and  in  1867, 
P.  M.  Lvlh'  also  became  a  member  of  the  firm, 
under  the  name  iiF  Ijeucdirt,  Stewart  &  Lytic,  and 
was  ,li.s,,lvc.l  ill  April  .,f  that  year  by  the  'death  of 
Mr.  Benedict. 

As  a  member  of  the  legal  fraternity,  Mr.  Stewart 
had  estal)lished  a  reputation  for  .strict  honesty,  care- 
ful attention  to  business,  and  scrupulous  fidelity  to 
his  clients;  and  as  a  man  and  citizen,  he  was  highly 
esteemed.  His  demeanor  was  uniformly  respectful 
and  gentlemanly.  He  had  fine  literary  taste  and  a 
poetical  turn  of  mind,  and  was  the  author  of  credit- 
able productions  in  verse  as  well  as  prose. 

He  died  at  his  residence,  one  door  west  of  the 
court-house,  in  HuntinL'don,  on  the  morning  of  the 
6tli  of  February,  1.S71,  in  the  fifty-second  year  of  his 

John  P.  Axdeesox  was  the  son  of  A.  A.  .Vnder- 
son,  a  prominent  member  of  thebarof  Miltlin  •  ouiity. 
Pa.  He  was  born  at  Lewistown  on  the  2litli  day  of 
.January,  1  sis.  He  studied  law  in  Huntingdon  under 
the  ilirertion  of  J,  George  Miles,  and  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  at  Huntingdon  on  tlie  9th  of  March,  1838. 

Mr.  Anderson  had  been  an  active  politician  even 
before  his  admission  to  the  bar,  and  had  rendered 
considerable  service  to  the  Democratic  party,  and 
especially  to  David  R.  Porter  in  his  senatorial  and 
gubernatorial  campaigns,  and  in  1839  he  was  ap- 
])ointod  iiroscciiting  attorney  for  Alleghenv  Oountv 
aii.l  .liMri.'l  allnniev  ,.l'  lli,'.  fnited  States  tbr  the 
Western   DiMrirt  ..f  l^■nn^vl vania. 

The  followin-  extract  lioin  an  article  in  a  Demo- 
cratii'  newspaper,  aniiMiinciiiu'  his  apjioinfment  to  the 
above  otlices.  will  -erve  !■>  show  the  esteem  in  which 
Mr.  An. lei-., n  was  held  l,y  his  personal  and  political 

'■M.-ij.  ,\ndrr-.n  i-.  .-i  vniinL'  gentleman  of  superior 
mind,  of  fine  IrL'nl  and  literary  attainments,  and 
great  eticriry  nl  .harniler,  yet  firm  and  dignified,  and 
his  eli"|Ueiiee  is  a  rich  combination  of  logic  and  wit. 

Numerous  other  Democratic  newspapers  of  the  day 
were  teeming  with  highly  flattering  enconiiiinis  upon 
.Mr.  An.ler>/.ii.  whu  Inid'tliiis  been  pn,vi<le.l  h,r  uitli 
two  - 1  ,>Hie..sHl  ,,nee. 

y\\.  .Vieh'r.un  retired  the  i^raetice  ,,f  tin-  law 
soon  after  he  was  thmu-h  with   these  otlices,  but  he 

did  not  retire  from  politics.  He  was  appointed  super- 
visor on  the  Pennsylvania  Canal  while  it  yet  belonged 
to  the  State.  He  ama.ssed  a  large  fortune.  He  died 
at  his  residence  in  Huntingdon  on  the  10th  of  Feb- 
ruary, 1862,  aged  forty-four  years  and  fifteen  days. 

Adix  W.  Benedict  was  a  native  of  the  State  of 
New  York.  His  father.  Rev.  Joel  Benedict,  was  a 
Presbyterian  minister,  who  moved  from  Norwalk, 
Conn.,  to  Orange  County,  N.  Y'.,  where  the  subject  of 
this  sketch  was  born  on  the  29th  of  January,  1808. 
His  mother's  maiden  name  was  Currance  Wheeler. 
He  was  brought  up  and  educated  in  Orange  County 
in  the  common  brandies  then  taught  in  country 
schools,  and  was  afterwards  placed  under  the  instruc- 
tion of  the  Messrs.  Harper  Brothers  in  New  York 
City  to  learn  the  art,  trade,  and  mystery  of  letter- 
press printing.  In  1830  he  married  Miss  Ann  E. 
Ross,  of  New  Y'ork,  and  subsequently  went  to  Phila- 
delphia with  his  youthful  wife,  where  he  entered  into 
partnership  with  John  Boyle,  also  a  printer,  in  a  book 
and  job  printing  office,  under  the  firm-name  of  Boyle 
&  Benedict,  and  remained  in  that  business  and  in  that 
firm  until  September,  1835,  when  he  removed  with 
his  family  to  Huntingdon,  where  he  started  the  Jour- 
luil,  ill  the  name  of  A.  W.  Benedict  &  Co.,  the  "Co." 
being  his  Philadelphia  partner,  John  Boyle.  In  April, 
IS.'W,  Mr.  Benedict  exchanged  his  interest  in  the  Phil- 
adelphia establishment  for  that  of  his  partner  in 
Huntingdon.  Mr.  Benedict  then  continued  sole  edi- 
tor and  publisher  of  the  Journal  until  February,  1842, 
when  he  sold  the  establishment  to  T.  H.  Cremer. 

In  1836,  Mr.  Benedict  was  appointed  collector  of 
tolls  at  Huntingdon  by  the  canal  commissioners,  and 
he  continued  in  that  office  until  the  close  of  Governor 
Ritner's  administration,  in  January,  1839. 

.\fter  Mr.  Benedict  disposed  of  his  printing  estab- 
lishment he  entered  the  office  of  Messrs.  Bell  &  Orbi- 
soti  as  a  Law  student,  at  the  age  of  thirty-four  years, 
and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  9th  of  April,  1S44. 
In  1843,  while  yet  a  student,  he  was  appointed  by  the 
court  a  county  commissioner,  to  fill  a  vacancy  occa- 
sioned by  the  death  of  Robert  Moore,  of  the  borough 
of  Huntingdon. 

Mr.  Benedict  had  the  faculty  of  speech  well  devel- 
oped while  yet  a  resident  of  Philadelphia,  where  he 
often  spoke  at  political  meetings  and  other  popular 
assemblages,  and  he  kept  up  this  habit  in  Hunting- 
don, and  took  the  stump  in  the  several  political  cam- 
paigns, especially  in  the  Presidential  caniiiaign  of 
1840,  which  resulted  in  the  election  of  Gen.  Harrison. 
He  was  a  good  debater,  and  an  expert  and  able  writer, 
and  these  qualities  served  him  well  when  he  came  to 
the  liar,  and  he  soon  glided  into  a  remunerative  prac- 

In  ls4i;  the  nomination  for  member  of  the  Legis- 
lature was  tendered  to  him  by  the  Whig  party  of  the 
eoiiiuy  in  convention  assembled,  but  he  promptly 
declined  it  on  the  spot  in  a  neat  little  speech  ;  but  in 


he  accepted  the  nomination  and  was  elected.  Prior 
to  that  date  he  held  the  responsible  position  of  deputy 
secretary  of  the  commonwealth  during  Governor 
Johnston's  administration,  and  that  seemed  to  give 
him  a  taste  for  office,  and  he  sought  the  Legislature 
as  member  or  clerk  to  gratify  that  taste.  He  was 
successful,  and  served  during  one  session  as  member 
and  during  several  as  chief  clerk,  which  latter  office 
he  held  at  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  on 
the  28th  of  April,  1867. 

Mr.  Benedict  was  a  gentleman  of  medium  size,  well- 
proportioned  form,  possessed  a  good  deal  of  muscular 
power,  blue  eyes,  brown  hair,  which  turned  gray  pre- 
maturely, and  a  profuse  beard,  which  became  snowy 
white  during  his  residence  at  Harrisburg  while  deputy 
Secretary  of  the  State,  and  continued  so  to  the  time  of 
his  death.  He  was  affable  and  easily  accessible,  and 
very  popular  as  an  officer.  While  clerk  of  the  House 
of  Represenatives,  the  Democratic  members  mani- 
fested their  appreciation  of  him  by  publicly  present- 
ing to  him  a  gold-headed  cane,  with  appropriate  in- 
scriptions engraved  upon  it.  This  generous  gift  was 
highly  prized  by  him,  and  is  carefully  preserved  by 
his  widow  and  family  as  an  heirloom. 

Mr.  Benedict  had  excellent  opportunities  to  become 
wealthy,  but  did  not  improve  them.  He  never  accu- 
mulated any  property  or  means  until  he  became 
deputy  Secretary  of  State.  After  that  date  he  became 
more  economical  and  acquired  a  considerable  estate, 
real  and  personal.  He  always  lived  well,  was  gener- 
ous to  a  fault  and  hospitable,  and  took  pleasure  in 
entertaining  his  numerous  friends,  and  was  held  in 
great  esteem  by  all  who  knew  him,  and  those  who 
knew  him  best  esteemed  him  most.  He  died  at  his 
home  in  Huntingdon,  after  a  brief  illness,  in  the 
sixtieth  year  of  his  age. 

John  Reed  was  born  in  the  vicinity  of  Reedville, 
Mifflin  Co.,  Pa.,  on  the  22d  day  of  June,  1793.  While 
yet  a  child  his  parents  removed  to  Huntingdon  County, 
to  the  neighborhood  of  McAlevy's  fort,  his  mother 
carrying  him  over  the  mountain  on  horseback.  He 
received  such  schooling  as  the  country  at  that  time 
afforded,  and  when  grown  up  to  manhood  he  traveled 
to  the  western  part  of  the  State  and  sojourned  for 
a  while  in  Washington  and  Allegheny  Counties.  He 
returned  to  his  adopted  county  and  taught  school  at 
various  points  in  Huntingdon  and  adjoining  counties. 
He  also  learned  the  occupation  of  a  miller,  and  had 
charge  of  various  mills  at  different  times,  among  them 
one  at  McAlevy's  fort,  and  another  at  Alexandria, 
and  his  time  was  divided  between  attending  mills  and 
teaching  schools  till  the  year  1836,  when  Governor 
Ritner  appointed  him  register  and  recorder  and  clerk 
of  the  Orphans'  Court  of  Huntingdon  County  to  suc- 
ceed David  R.  Porter.  Until  this  time  he  had  never 
held  any  office  except  that  of  county  auditor,  to 
which  he  was  elected  in  1831.  In  1840  he  was  one  of 
the  Presidential  electors  of  Pennsylvania,  and  cast 
his  vote  for  Gen.  Harrison,  at  Harrisburg.    Mr.  Reed 

discharged  the  duties  of  the  office  of  register  and  re- 
cordrr  and  clerk  of  the  Orphans'  Court  with  entire 
sati>larti.iii  to  the  public  until  1839,  when  David  R. 
Porter,  who  had  been  elected  Governor,  appointed 
Thomas  P.  Campbell  in  his  stead ;  but  at  the 
general  election  in  1839,  under  the  new  provisions 
in  the  amended  Constitution  of  1838,  Mr.  Reed  was 
elected  over  Mr.  Campbell.  Upon  the  expiration  of 
his  term  in  1842,  Mr.  Reed  was  again  elected  to  the 
same  offices.  Atthe  end  of  this  term,  in  1845,  he  com- 
menced the  study  of  the  law  under  the  instruction  of 
David  Blair,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the 
17th  of  April,  1848,  when  he  was  nearly  fifty-five 
years  of  age.  He  opened  an  office  in  Huntingdon, 
and  at  once  entered  upon  a  good  Orphans'  Court  prac- 
tice. His  long  experience  in  the  register's  office  and  as 
clerk  in  the  Orphans'  Court  qualified  him  well  for  tlie 
business,  and  his  extensive  acquaintance  throughout 
the  county  and  his  fidelity  to  his  duty  were  the  means 
of  bringing  him  a  practice  in  the  Orphans'  Court 
such  as  would  have  required  the  labor  and  persever- 
ance of  a  young  man  for  years  to  have  acquired.  Mr. 
Reed  was  a  well-known  and  well-tried  man,  and  every 
one  who  knew  him  would  trust  his  all  to  him.  He 
was  counsel  for  the  county  commissioners  for  several 
years,  and  proved  a  safe  and  good  counselor. 

Mr.  Reed  stood  nearly  head  and  shoulders  higher 
than  any  other  member  of  the  Huntingdon  bar  ex- 
cept Jas.  Steel,  who  was  but  little  lower  than  lie.  Mr. 
Reed  was  thin  and  straight  as  well  as  tall,  and  some 
rude  and  impudent  boat-boys  called  him  the  "shot- 
tower,"  because  he  had  given  them  some  wholesome 
admonition  which  they  did  not  relish.  He  was  un- 
obtrusive, always  civil  and  pleasing  in  manner  and 
edifying  in  conversation.  He  was  fond  of  mathe- 
matics and  spent  much  time  in  solving  problems  for 
amusement, — a  good  way  to  keep  a  man  in  his  office 
when  he  has  nothing  special  to  do  to  keep  him  there. 

In  all  his  avocations,  whether  as  a  school-teacher, 
a  miller,  a  public  officer,  a  private  citizen,  a  lawyer, 
or  as  a  Christian,  he  was  always  honest  in  the  dis- 
charge of  all  his  duties.  He  died  at  tlie  residence  of 
his  son,  William  D.  Reed,  near  Huntingdon,  on  the 
26th  of  March,  1868,  in  the  seventy-fifth  year  of  his 
age.  Taking  Mr.  Reed  all  in  all,  we  shall  never  look 
upon  his  like  again. 

MoRDECAl  B.  Massey  was  born  in  Barree  town- 
ship, Huntingdon  Co.,  on  the  18th  of  October,  1835, 
the  son  of  Robert  Massey;  went  to  school  at  Pine 
Grove,  Centre  Co.,  and  graduated  from  Jefferson  Col- 
lege, Canonsburg,  Washington  Co.,  Pa.,  in  1857, 
with  second  honor  in  the  largest  class  ever  grad- 
uated from  that  institution  ;  studied  law  in  the  office 
of  Messrs.  Montgomery  &  Gibson,  in  Washington, 
Pa.,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  that  place  in  or 
about  the  year  1860.  He  then  returned  to  his  father's 
in  Barree  township,  married  Miss  Maggie  Hunter,  of 
Petersburg,  in  1864,  and  remained  among  his  rela- 
tives and  friends  until  tlie  14th  of  Xovenfoer  (jf  that 


year,  when  lie  was  adiiiitled  to  the  bar  at  Hunting- 
don. He  purchased  Andrew  P.  Wilson's  law  library, 
and  entered  into  partnership  witli  R.  Bruce  Petrikin, 
and  some  time  after  that  M.  .M.  .McNeil  was  taken 
into  the  firm. 

As  a  member  of  llic   le-al   [in.fession,  .Mr.  Ma.ssey 

in-,  and  was  faithful  alike  to   the  court   ami  to  his 

Mr.  Massey  was  afflicted  with  a  lingering  bronchial 
affection,  which  increased  in  severity  until  he  finally 
succumbed  and  fell  a  victim  to  it.  In  the  winter  of 
1870-76  he  went  to  Florida,  where  he  remained  until 
spring,  when  he  returned  considerably  improved  in 
health,  and  he  intended  to  spend  the  next  winter  in 
Florida  also,  but  when  the  winter  set  in  he  was  too 
much  enfeebled  to  undertake  the  journey. 

Jlr.  Massey  was  a  sportsman  as  well  as  a  lawyer, 
an  excellent  shot,  fond  of  hunting  in  the  mountains, 
and  was  very  successful  in  shooting  deer  and  other 
large  game,  never  troubling  smaller  game  than  squir- 
rels, of  which  he  bagged  many.  At  the  time  of  his 
death  he  had  one  of  his  rooms  carpeted  with  deer- 
skins tanned  with  the  hair  on. 

He  took  a  deep  interest  in  scientific  subjects  and 
bestowed  considerable  attention  upon  them.  He  vis- 
ited the  Centennial  f^xhibition  in  Philadelphia  twice, 
and  examined  all  the  guns  that  were  on  exhibition 
there,  and  closely  inspected  other  products  of  the  arts 
and  sciences,  and  appeared  to  understand  them  better 
tlian  the  mass  of  visitors  to  that  famous  display  of 
the  products  of  the  nations. 

:Mr.  Massey  contributed  several  well-written  articles 
on  gunnery  and  other  scientific  subjects  to  the  S'porls- 
mnn,  a  periodical  publication  of  wide  circulation,  the 
name  of  wliich  has  since  been  changed  to  Forest  and 

Mr.  JIassey  died  at  his  residence  in  Huntingdon 
on  the  13th  day  of  March,  1877,  aged  forty-one  years, 
four  months,  and  twenty-three  days,  and  being  a 
member  of  Mount  Moriah  Lodge,  No.  800,  A.  Y.M., 

Hexuy   T.  \Vh 

(n(jw  Oneida),  on 
tinxdon.     He  was 

8tii  of  February,  ISCii. 

The  subject  "of  this 

of  .Tune,  \'<X',.  was   c.lii 

liis  attention   to  p^ 

West   towi 

out  live  miles  from  Hiin- 
if  Henry  White,  and  liis 
^  F.-tlier  Ramsey,  a  full 
1. 'ilHuntingdon.  Henry 
her  of  George  D.  White, 
lip  Pierpont,  Ya.,  on  the 

lir  was  born  on  the  24tli 

if  the 
:i  Milk 

years.  Mr.  White  served  out  his  term,  but  he  was  in 
very  delicate  health,  and  died  within  two  years  after 
the  expiration  of  his  term  of  oftice,  and  in  less  than 
four  years  after  his  admission  to  the  bar. 

He  was  sober  and  industrious,  and  had  the  confi- 
dence of  the  people,  and  gave  promise  of  great  use- 
fulness at  the  bar  and  as  a  citizen,  but  these  bright 
prospects  and  fond  hopes  were  all  cut  off  by  his  early 
death.  He  died  of  consumption  on  the  11th  of  Sep- 
tember, 1863,  aged  thirty  years,  two  months,  and  eigh- 
teen days. 

J.  H.  O.  CORBIX  was  born  in  CassviUe  in  July, 
1838,  and  was  educated  at  the  Seminary  at  that  place, 
studied  law  in  the  office  of  Messrs.  Scott  &  Brown,  in 
Huntingdon,  was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  l-lth  of 
November,  18.59,  and  in  the  fall  of  1862  he  was  nomi- 
nated by  the  Republican  party  for  district  attorney,  and 
was  elected  over  R.  M.  Speer,  his  Democratic  com- 
petitor, who  had  then  been  at  the  bar  less  than  three 
years,  the  two  candidates  having  been  admitted  on 
the  same  day,  and  both  being  natives  of  Ciissville, 
and  of  about  the  same  age. 

Mr.  Corbin  was  a  young  man  of  fine  talents,  and 
possessed  many  good  qualities  of  head  and  heart.  He 
was  clever  and  generous  and  popular,  and  was 
making  his  way  up  at  the  bar. 

Abraham  S.  Wilson  made  his  first  appearance  in 
the  courts  of  this  county  on  the  13th  of  Aii-ust,  ls22. 
He  was  a  native  of  Mifflin  County,  atid  located  at 
Lewistown,  where  he  resided  down  to  the  time  of  his 
death.  He  was  a  Democrat,  and  took  a  deep  interest 
in  that  old  party,  and  became  an  active  and  favorite 
politician  before  his  accession  to  the  bencdi.  He  held 
the  office  of  prothonotary  of  Millliii  Cnunty  for  many 
years  by  appointment,  and  atterwards  was  elected  to 
the  Legislature,  and  became  ipiite  prominetit  in  that 

He  was  a  good  lawyer,  and  had  an  extensive  prac- 
tice. He  bestowed  much  labor  upon  his  cases,  and 
tried  them  well,  and  was  remarkably  successful.  He 
attended  the  courts  of  Huntingdon  occasionally,  but 
never  had  much  practice  here.  He  had  an  extensive 
circle  of  relatives  and  friends,  and  he  was  very  much 
given  to  hospitality,  so  much  so  that  it  kept  his  ex- 
cliei|Uer  in  a  low  condition. 

( lu  the  L'3d  of  March,  184:2,  Governor  Porter  sent  a 
message  to  the  Senate  nominating  Abraham  S.  Wil- 
son judge  of  the  Twentieth  Judicial  District,  com- 
posed of  the  counties  of  Huntingdon,  Mifflin,  and 
Fiiinii.  Previous  (o  that  time  Huntingdon  County 
was  ill  the  Fourth  .liidicial  District,  with  Centre, 
Clearlield,  Clinton,  and  Mifflin.  Huntingdon  and 
Milllin  were  taken  from  it,  and,  together  with  Union, 
formed  the  Twentieth  District,  and  Judge  Woodward 
continued  in  the  Fourth,  and  Wilson  was  appointed 
}Ui\-^y  of  the  Twentieth  District,  as  above  stated.  On 
the  ;;oth  of  March,  1842,  the  Senate   confirmed  his 

Judge  Wilson  lield  no  regular  term  at  Huntingdon 



iu  April,  1842;  his  first  regular  term  was  held  in  the 
then  new  court-house  in  August  of  that  year.  The 
court-house  used  in  Judge  Wilson's  time  was  the 
second  one  in  the  county.  It  was  torn  down  in  June,  ! 
1882,  and  stood  on  part  of  the  ground  now  covered  by 
the  third  court-house  erected  in  the  county.  The  fol- 
lowing is  from  the  Huntingdon  Journal  o(  the  10th  of 
August,  1842 : 

"The  new  (-ourt-honse  is  now  completed,  and  the  courts  are  holding 
their  sessions  in  it.  The  public  offices  are  also  removeii  to  the  new 
building.  All  of  the  rooms  are  convenient,  comfortable,  and  commo- 
dious. The  people  generally  appear  to  be  well  pleased  with  the  new 
building,  the  whole  cost  of  which  is  just  $9135.20.  The  lots,  together 
with  two  others,  cost  $1000. 

'■  Besides  this  we  have  a  new  judge,  and  when  all  '  get  the  hang'  of 
the  new  establishment,  we  expect  matters  to  move  along  finely." 

A  week  later  we  have  the  following  notice  of  Judge 
AVilson  in  the  same  paper: 

"  The  Hon.  A.  S.  Wilson  has  assumed  the  arduous  -Inti".^  nf  juvHiideat 
judge  of  the  Twentieth  Judicial  District,  in  wliicli  ...inlv  i~  in- 
cluded. The  present  is  the  first  regular  term  at  will,  h  li.  h..-  |.i.m.I,-.1 
in  this  county,  and  we  are  pleased  to  say  that.  s.>  l.n  ;ls  w..  Ii;i\.-  l..-.-n 
able  to  learn  the  sentiments  of  otliers,  with  wliich  our  own  accord,  lie 
gives  general  satisfaction.  The  judge  is  a  plain,  unassuming  gentleniiin 
and  an  able  jurist,  possessing  mildness,  deliberateness,  and  penetration, 
qualities  which  enable  him  to  arrive  at  correct  and  just  conclusions." 

All  who  had  the  pleasure  of  an  acquaintance  with 
Judge  Wilson,  and  were  familiar  with  his  manner  of 
doing  business  on  the  bench,  will  bear  witness  to  the 
truthfulness  of  the  above. 

In  September  of  the  same  year  (1842)  his  charge  to 
the  grand  jury  at  the  August  sessions  was  published 
in  the  Journal  and  other  newspapers  in  the  district. 
It  covered  four  closely-printed  columns  of  the  news- 
paper named,  and  it  was  conceded  on  all  hands  that 
it  was  an  able  production,  both  as  to  matter  and  style, 
well  defining  the  duties  of  grand  juries,  and  impress- 
ing and  urging  the  full  and  impartial  performance  by 
them  of  those  duties. 

In  1849  the  Twenty-fourth  Judicial  District  was 
formed,  and  Huntingdon  County  was  placed  in  it, 
and  George  Taylor  was  appointed  president  judge 
of  the  new  district,  and  Judge  Wilson  continued 
to  preside  over  the  old  Twentieth  District,  then  com- 
posed of  the  counties  of  Mifiiin  and  Union.  Our  dis- 
trict has  remained  unchanged  from  tliat  time  to  the 
present,  constituted  of  the  counties  of  Huntingdon, 
Blair,  and  Cambria. 

On  the  bench  Judge  Wilson  was  dignified,  careful, 
firm,  and  impartial,  courteous  and  kind  to  all,  espe- 
cially to  the  younger  members  of  the  bar.  There  was 
a  magnetism  about  him  that  attracted  all  towards 
him  who  came  within  the  circle  of  his  acquaintance. 
The  younger  members  of  the  bar  were  strongly  at- 
tached to  him,  and  he  treated  them  uniformly  with 
kindness  and  consideration.  He  was  also  a  favorite 
with  the  judges  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  State, 
"a  pet,"  as  Isaac  Fisher  used  to  say  when  he  found  it 
hard  to  reverse  him  in  that  court.  We  do  not  say 
that  he  was  a  pet  of  the  Supreme  Court,  or  that  they 
ever  had  any  pets,  but  he  was  personally  known  to 

all  the  judges  of  that  court,  and  they  had  entire  con- 
fidence in  his  integrity,  and  reversed  him  very  re- 
luctantly, except  for  very  plain  errors. 

In  person  Judge  Wilson  was  about  five  feet  eight 
or  nine  inches  high,  and  well  proportioned,  of  fair 
complexion,  blue  eyes,  light  brown  hair,  heavily 
sprinkled  with  gray  in  his  later  years.  He  was  a 
man  of  fine  presence  and  good  conversational  powers, 
agreeable  in  manners,  fond  of  relating  anecdotes,  of 
which  he  had  a  large  stock,  and  he  was  always  an 
entertaining  and  pleasing  companion. 

His  business  was  never  so  pressing  that  he  could 
not  find  a  few  days  or  weeks  each  year  to  devote  to 
the  healthful  and  invigorating  pastime  of  hunting 
and  fishing,  of  which  he  was  excessively  fond,  and 
which  aflibrded  him  many  of  his  most  amusing  anec- 
dotes and  incidents  related  afterwards. 

He  continued  to  preside  in  the  Twentieth  District 
until  the  time  of  his  decease.  A  few  years  before  his 
death  he  received  an  accidental  bodily  injury  which 
hastened  his  end.  He  departed  this  life  some  twenty 
years  ago,  much  regretted  by  his  family  and  numerous 

George  Taylor.— The  history  of  those  having 
been  eminently  successful  in  life,  and  especially  of 
those  who  have  been  raised  to  eminence  from  hum- 
ble life,  is  always  interesting  and  instructive.  By  ex- 
ample it  serves  to  direct  while  it  tends  to  encourage 
the  faltering  and  desponding  to  renewed  exertions. 
Among  those  to  whom  the  terms  "self-made"  and 
"self-taught"  peculiarly  apply  is  Judge  Taylor. 
He  was  a  native  of  Chester  County,  Pa.,  born  at 
Oxford,  in  that  county,  on  the  20th  of  November, 
1812.  He  was  the  fourth  child  of  Matthew  Taylor 
and  Rebecca,  his  wife,  whose  maiden  name  was  An- 
derson. He  could,  no  doubt,  trace  his  family  through 
a  "  long  pedigree  of  toil"  in  his  native  county  and  per- 
haps far  back  into  the  mother-country.  Like  Benja- 
min Franklin,  whose  ancestors  for  generation  after 
generation  were  the  blacksmiths  of  Eaton,  he  could 
trace  his  back  and  find  that  his  father  was  an  humble 
and  honest  blacksmith  of  Oxford,  and  that  through  a 
long  line  of  ancestors  the  anvil  and  the  hammer  were 
the  family  ensigns,  and  not  the  lap-board  and  the 
shears,  as  the  name  might  indicate.  His  father  had 
a  large  family  and  limited  means,  and  consequently 
he  was  aff'orded  few  facilities  for  acquiring  even  the 
rudiments  of  an  education.  While  he  was  a  boy  he 
assisted  his  father  in  the  shop,  and  while  thus  en- 
gaged met  with  a  very  serious  misfortune,  a  fragment 
of  iron  or  steel  striking  and  lodging  in  one  of  his 
eyes,  from  which  he  suffered  severely.  His  eye  was 
disfigured,  and  he  wore  blue  or  green  spectacles  to 
conceal  it.  It  was  frequently  remarked,  however, 
that  he  could  see  more  with  one  eye  than  most  per- 
sons could  see  with  two. 

He  was  not  at  any  school  or  other  institution  of 
learning  after  he  was  thirteen  years  of  age.  But 
several  years  of  his  early  life  were  profitably  occupied 


in  teaching  a  country  scliool  in  tliis  county.  During 
tliis  period  he  diligently  availed  himself  of  all  the 
means  of  inii)rovement  within  his  reach,  greatly  in- 
<'rease(l  hi'*  scanty  stock  of  Icnowledge,  and  in  the 
<|iiiet  seclusion  of  his  rural  home,  unnoticed  by  those 
around  hiiu,  laid  the  foundation  of  liis  future  success. 
While  thus  engaged  he  wrote  to  David  R.  Porter, 
prothonotary  of  Huntiuirdnn  ('ounty,  offering  his 
services  as  a  clerk,  and  I\Ir.  INjrter  was  so  well  pleased 
with  the  tenor  and  penmanship  of  the  letter  that  he 
took  him  into  his  employ.  For  one  destined  for  the 
bar  there  is  no  better  school  than  a  well-ordered  pro- 
thonotary's  office.  In  1834  he  commenced  reading 
law  in  the  office  of  Andrew  P.  Wilson,  and  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  on  the  l'2t\\  of  April,  l^i.'Hii.  He 
was  then  in  his  twenty-fnurtli  year.  liunyaMt  with 
•energy  and  youthful  ho]>u,  i>resi>nt  and  past  difficul- 
ties were  forgotten  in  the  anticipation  of  future  suc- 
cess, and,  a.s  has  been  .said  of  another,  the  horoscope 
of  his  destiny  gleamed  before  his  young  eyes  in  gol- 
den colors.  Soon  after  his  admi.ssion  he  gave  promise 
of  success  in  his  profession,  and  by  his  masterly 
•efforts  in  a  number  of  important  cases  he  acquired 
an  early  reputation  as  an  able  lawyer  and  advocate. 

In  1840  he  assisted  in  the  prosecution  of  Robert 
McConaughy,  who  was  tried  in  this  county  for  the 
murder  of  the  Brown  family,  in  Shirley  township. 
The  case  was  one  entirely  of  circumstantial  evidence, 
and  in  a  speech  of  matchless  eloquence,  in  a  clear, 
logical  analysis  of  the  facts,  he  so  traced  the  murderer 
through  all  his  windings,  and  so  fastened  the  evidence 
■of  his  guilt  upon  him,  that  there  was  no  escape.  The 
writer  has  frequently  conversed  with  the  able  counsel 
of  the  prisoner  as  to  the  effect  of  that  argument,  and 
they  said  it  was  perfectly  electrical  and  overwhelm- 
ing, that  the  jury,  the  judges,  and  the  audience  were 
so  completely  carried  away  with  it  that  any  attempt 
at  a  defense  seemed  to  be  useless,  and  conviction  fol- 
lowe.1  im-vit;  '['\t\-  was  nnc.f  the  L'rcatcst  efforts 
<)f  his  prolrs-iunal  lifr. 

In  the  pnisi'ditiiiii  ot' the  Flanigans  for  n)urder  in 
■C'amliria  ('oiiiity  hr  made  another  three  or  four  hours' 
speech  in  Kclialf  of  the  commonwealth,  which 
said  to  be  .as  jiowcrtiil  as  the  arirument  in  tlie  Mc- 
■CJonaughy  case,  and  compared  favorably  with  it  in  for- 
ensic eloquence. 

At  the  lime  of  these  trials,  an<l  for  some  time  after- 
wards, lie  was  in  partnership  with  John  G.  Miles 
in  the  pr.'ictice  of  the  law,  under  the  firm-name  of 
Miles  &  Taylor. 

In  October,  1.S4;;.  he  was  elected  treasurer  of  the 
county,  and  served  a  term  of  two  years.  I  )uriug  this 
time  he  had  almost  abandoned  the  law,  had  retired 
from  the  firm  of  Miles  &  Taylor,  and  was  preparing 
himself  for  the  Presbyterian  ministry.  During  these 
two  years  he  nuide  such  progress  in  studying  Greek 
that  he  could  read  the  New  Testament  in  the  original 
tongue.  But  he  returned  to  the  law,  and  never  en- 
tered the  ministry. 

Judge  Taylor  was  an  exceedingly  careful  man  in  all 
his  literary  eflforts.  His  words  were  all  appropriate, 
carefully  selected,  plainly  and  neatly   written,  and 

I  clearly  and  distinctly  uttered,  and  his  penmanship 

,  was  characterized  by  the  utmost  degree  of  precision. 
Every  word,  syllable,  and  letter  wa.s  plainly  written  and 
exactly,  in  its  proper  place,  every  "  i"  dotted  and  every 
"t"  crossed,  and  his  orthography  and  punctuation 
were  faultless.  All  his  writings  were  executed  with 
as  much  care  as  if  they  had  been  intended  for  the 

1  "  public  eye."  And  his  pronunciation  and  articula- 
lation  in  public  and  private  discourse  were  models 
worthy  of  imitation,  and  his  emphasis  was  very  ener- 
getic and  impressive. 

In  1835,  while  a  law  student,  he  was  also  editing  a 
Democratic  newspai)er,  and  his  careful  habit  of  writ- 
ing was  no  doubt  cultivated,  if  not  acquired,  wdiile 
\>'riting  for  the  press,  well  knowing  that  his  editorials 
would  be  extensively  read  and  closely  and  severely 

Early  in  life  he  adopted  a  rule  which  every  young 
man  would  do  well  to  practice  upon, — that  everything 
that  is  worth  doing  at  all  is  worth  doing  well.  And 
this  rule  he  carried  into  his  professional  business,  and 
whatever  cases  he  had  he  prepared  thoroughly  and 
tried  well,  taking  pains  first  to  make  himself  perfectly 
acquainted  with  the  facts  and  the  law  of  each  case ; 
and  thus  he  acquired  more  reputation  in  a  few  years 
than  a  careless  or  indolent  man  could  acquire  in  a 

,  lifetime  of  threescore  and  ten. 

Thus  in  the  thirteen  years  of  his  ]iractice  he  had 
acquired  an  enviable  reputation  as  a  lawyer.  During 
all  the  time  that  he  practiced  the  bar  of  his  own 
county  was  crowded  with  lawyers  of  ability  and  emi- 
nence, men  of  character  and  experience,  some  in  the 
prime  of  life,  and  some  in  the  zenith  of  their  profes- 

'  sional  course ;  and  the  other  counties  in  the  district 
also  abounded  in  able  lawyers  in  full  practice.  Of 
course,  at  such  a  bar  no  young  lawyer  could  reason- 
ably have  expected  much  pecuniary  success,  and  for 
thirteen  years  young  Taylor  struggled  onward  and 

I  upward,  with  barely  profit  enough  to  support  himself 
and  his  family.  But  to  be  selected  from  such  a  bar  to 
)>reside  over  such  a  district  was  a  distinction  and 
an  honor  of  which  any  man  might  well  be  proud. 
Thenceforth    he  had  a  wider  field  for  the   exercise 

'  of  his  legal   talents,  and   speedily   his  fame  spread 

j  throughout  the  commonwealth. 

I  When  the  Legislature  in  1849  jiassed  an  act  cre- 
ating the  Twenty-fourth  Judicial  District,  he  was 
recommended  almost  unanimously  by  the  bar  of 
Huntingdon  and  Blair  Counties  for  the  president 
judgeshi])  of  the  new  district,  composed  of  the  counties 
of  Huntingdon,  Blair,  and  Cambria.  In  April,  1849, 
Governor  Johnson  conferred  the  appointment  upon 
him,  which  was  unanimously  confirmed  by  the  Sen- 
ate. After  the  amendment  of  the  Constitution 
making  the  judiciary  elective  was  adopted,  by  which 
the  commissions  of  all  the  judges  terminated  in  De- 



cember,  1851,  Judge  Taylor  was  unanimously  nomi- 
nated by  his  party  (the  Whigs)  as  a  candidate,  and 
elected  in  October  of  that  year.  This  election  brought 
him  another  commission  for  ten  years.  After  serving 
the  term  he  was  re-elected  for  another  term  without 
opposition.  During  the  twenty-two  years  of  his  judge- 
ship he  faithfully  discharged  the  duties  of  his  office, 
and  never,  from  sickness  or  any  other  cause,  failed  to 
hold  the  regular  terms  of  court  in  the  district. 

There  is  probably  no  other  position  in  life  which 
so  completely  shows  and  tests  the  mettle  of  which  hu- 
man nature  is  composed  as  that  of  president  judge. 
Its  duties  are  delicate,  difficult,  and  responsible  in 
the  highest  degree.  The  fortunes  and  even  the  lives 
of  men  are  sometimes  suspended  upon  the  strength 
or  weakness  of  the  presiding  judge,  and  temptations 
beset  him  on  every  side  to  swerve  him  from  the 
straightforward  line  of  duty.  Great,  terrible,  awful 
is  the  responsibility  of  the  position,  and  all  honor  is 
•due  to  the  man  wlio  can  discharge  it  unawed  by  fear, 
unseduced  by  affection  or  the  hope  of  gain,  with  no 
prompter  but  conscience,  and  no  guides  but  truth  and 
law.     Judge  Taylor  was  a  man  of  this  model. 

He  had  an  intense  love  of  justice,  and  the  nerve 
fearlessly  to  administer  it  in  the  face  of  all  opposi- 
tion, yet  he  always  tempered  justice  with  mercy. 

The  judge  had  a  taste  for  agricultural  and  horti- 
cultural pursuits,  and  followed  them  whenever  he 
had  leisure  to  do  so  without  neglecting  his  official 

At  the  regular  term  of  the  Blair  County  court,  whilst 
charging  the  jury,  on  the  24th  of  October,  1871,  he 
became  so  ill  that  he  was  obliged  to  leave  the  court- 
room. Prompt  medical  aid  gave  temporary  relief,  and 
he  expected  to  resume  his  duties  on  the  bench  on  the 
following  day;  but  towards  evening  he  was  stricken 
■with  paralysis  (which  he  had  for  a  long  time  dreaded) 
in  both  his  lower  limbs,  causing  entire  helplessness 
of  body,  whilst  his  mind  retained  its  vigor.  He  was 
brouglit  home  on  a  special  train.  Notwithstanding 
the  efl'urts  of  skillful  physicians  and  careful  nursing 
of  his  family,  he  gradually  became  worse  until  Tues- 
day morning,  November  14th,  when,  without  a  strug- 
gle, he  gently  passed  away,  at  the  age  of  fifty-eight 
years,  eleven  months,  and  twenty-one  days. 

"  Here  the  reward  stands  for  thee,— a  rhief  seat 
In  Fame's  fair  sanctuary,  where  some  of  old, 
Crown'd  with  their  troubles,  now  are  here  enroU'd 
In  memory's  sacred  sweetness  to  all  ages," 

Joseph  McCune  was  appointed  and  commissioned 
an  associate  judge  in  December,  1810,  by  Governor 
Simon  Snyder.  He  resided  in  the  Frankstown  dis- 
trict, now  in  Blair  County,  where  he  had  been  a  jus- 
tice of  the  peace  for  about  ten  years,  having  been  ap- 
pointed by  Governor  McKean  in  the  year  1800.  He 
occupied  a  seat  on  the  bench  from  1810  down  to  the 
close  of  1838,  when  he  resigned  in  favor  of  John  Ker, 
who  was  commissioned  by  Governor  Ritner  under  the 

Constitution  of  1790,  shortly  before  it  gave  place  to 
that  of  1838.  His  term  was  the  longest  of  any  in  the 
county,  e.Kcept  that  of  David  Stewart. 

Judge  McCune  was,  at  the  date  of  the  writer's  ac- 
quaintance with  him,  a  very  clever  old  gentleman, 
who  was  well  booked  up  in  the  early  history  of  the 
i  Juniata  Valley,  and  of  Huntingdon  County  in  particu- 
1  lar,  and  he  was  very  fond  of  relating  the  incidents 
connected  with  the  early  history  of  this  |iart  of  the 
State,  as  well  as  of  the  stirring  events  of  the  Revolu- 
tionary war.  He  had  a  retentive  memory  and  had 
stored  it  full  of  interesting  facts,  which  he  could  call 
forth  as  occasion  required,  and  this  made  him  an  en- 
tertaining and  instructive  companion. 

He  was  not  a  "  law  judge,"  but  a  farmer  by  occupa- 
j  tion  and  education,  owning  and  tilling  a  two-hundred- 
acre  farm  in  Frankstown  township. 

He  was  not  ambitious  for  political  honors  after  he 
had  a  seat  upon  the  bench,  but  six  years  earlier,  in 
I  1804,  he  had  been  elected  to  the  Legislature  for  one 
I  term,  which  seemed  to  satisfy  his  ambition  in  that 
direction.  He  was  a  large  and  fleshy  man,  very  good- 
natured  and  friendly  to  ail,  one  of  those  who  would 
have  hosts  of  friends  and  few  enemies. 
I  Joseph  Adams  was  also  a  resident  of  Frankstown 
township  when  he  was  appointed  an  associate  judge 
of  Huntingdon  County.  He  was  first  commissioned 
on  the  10th  of  July,  1826,  by  Governor  Shulze,  and 
his  commission  was  renewed  on  the  15th  of  March, 
1841,  by  Governor  Porter,  the  term  of  office  having 
beau  changed  to  five  years  under  the  Constitution  of 
1838,  and  the  Legislature  of  1838-39,  in  classifying 
the  associate  judges,  placed  him  in  the  second  class, 
whose  term  of  office  expired  on  the  27th  of  February, 
1841.  Having  thus  been  legislated  out  of  office.  Gov- 
ernor Porter  renewed  his  commission  in  March,  1841, 
as  above  stated,  for  five  years,  which  continued  him 
in  office  until  the  county  was  divided,  the  division 
leaving  him  in  the  new  county  of  Blair. 

Judge  Adams  was  a  man  of  diminutive  size,  black 
eyes,  and  regular  features.  He  was  well  informed  and 
well  disposed,  having  more  than  ordinary  intelligence 
and  a  remarkably  retentive  memory,  and  he  had  a  high 
opinion  of  his  own  ability,  and  sometimes  transacted 
business  in  the  absence  of  the  president  judge,  even 
to  the  trying  of  ordinary  cases  in  the  Quarter  Sessions. 
He  was  a  rigid  Democrat,  and  did  not  deem  it  out  of 
place  in  him  to  preside  at  public  meetings  of  his  party, 
or  to  participate  otherwise  in  its  meetings.  He  was 
at  one  time  in  good  financial  circumstances,  but  he 
engaged  in  a  transportation  company  and  other  busi- 
ness enterprises  which  brought  financial  ruin  upon 
him,  from  which  he  never  fully  recovered. 

In  1825  he  was  elected  to  the  lower  branch  of  the 
State  Legislature.  He  and  Judge  Burnside  were  ap- 
pointed to  seats  on  the  bench  about  the  same  time, 
and  they  always  appeared  on  very  intimate  and 
friendly  terms. 
John  Ker  succeeded  Joseph  McCune  on  the  bench 



as  associate  judge  in  18;!S,  he  being  the  last  of  our 
associate  judges  appointed  under  tlio  Constitution  of 
1790.  The  new  or  amended  (Jonstitutioii  required  the 
first  Legislature  convened  under  it,  that  of  18:58-39, 
to  chissify  the  associate  judges  into  four  classes  ac- 
cording to  seniority  of  commission,  the  oldest  e.xpir- 
ing  first,  and  the  youngest  last.  The  first  Legislature 
did  classify  the  judges,  and  Judge  Ker  vva.s  placed  in 
the  fourth  class,  whose  commissions  expired  on  the 
27th  of  February,  1843.  But  the  next  Legislature, 
that  of  1839-40,  reclassified  them,  and  placed  Judge 
Ker  in  the  first  class,  whose  term  expired  in  1840,  and 
Governor  Porter  appointed  and  commissioned  James 
Gwin  to  succeed  him,  who  took  his  seat  on  the  bench 
in  April  term,  1840.  A  considerable  number  of  other 
judges  were  in  the  same  predicament,  and  a  case  was 
taken  up  to  the  Supreme  Court  from  one  of  the  east- 
ern countii-.  iur  adjudication  and  iriade  a  test  case. 
While  tlii^  ra-r  was  pending  Judge  Ker  took  courage 
to  claim  and  hold  his  seat,  and  at  one  of  the  terms 
he  dropped  into  one  of  the  seats  just  at  the  moment 
that  Judge  Gwin  was  ascending  the  steps  leading  to 
the  bench,  and  the  novel  scene  was  presented  of  two 
judges  claiming  the  same  seat  upon  the  bench  at  the 
same  time.  At  the  sugge-stion  of  Judge  Burnsidc 
both  claimants  withdrew  from  the  bench  for  that  term. 
The  case  in  the  Supreme  Court  was  decided  in  favor 
of  the  appointees  of  Governor  Ritner,  and  Judge 
Ker  served  out  his  term,  which  ended  in  1843. 

Judge  Ker  was  a  man  above  medium  size,  of  fair 
and  florid  complexion,  blue  eyes,  and  brown  hair, 
slightly  mingled  with  gray  in  his  later  years.  He 
was  of  a  very  social  disposition,  afl'able  and  easy  in 
conversation  and  very  courteous,  and  of  the  most  pure 
an<l  correct  morality.  He  was  an  elder  in  the  Pres- 
byt.riaii  (  'lunch,  well  booked  in  ecclesiastical  history, 
Will  inliininil  ill  everything  concerning  Presbyterian- 
pressed  ill-  sriitiiiH'iils  vi.'i-y  frcc'lv  and   intcllinciitlv. 

He  rcsi,l,.,l  in  \Valkur'lowii>'liip,  two  miles  from 
Huntinirdon.  His  li.imestcad  was  located  upon  a 
slight  eiiiiiiriuT,  coiiiiiianding  a  view  of  the  surround- 
ing country  an. I  i)f  a  ]'ortion  of  the  town.  He  was 
noted   for   Ids    hnspilalil v.      Xothiiii,'    delii^-hted    him 

welcome  i 
"given  tc 
He  evi, 
ship  hoiKi 
after  anv 

gravity  ami 
the  utmost 
register  ami 
of  Hunlinui 
Judge  Ke 

lie  his  iHinors  with  bet 
il  .li-,l,arged  his  dull, 
lis  lalliei-,  William  K, 
deleikof  the  Orphans 
appointed  in  ls-1. 

as.sociate  judge  on  the  20th  of  March,  1840.  The 
early  part  of  his  judicial  history  is  considerably  min- 
gled with  that  of  Judge  Ker,  his  immediate  prede- 
cessor. He  was  on  the  bench  but  a  term  or  two,  when 
the  Supreme  Court  decided  that  the  first  Legislature 
convened  under  the  Constitution  of  1838,  in  cla.ssify- 
ing  the  associate  judges,  had  exhausted  the  power 
conferred  upon  it  by  that  instrument,  and  conse- 
quently no  subsequent  Legislature  could  legally  dis- 
turb that  classification.  This  decision  ousted  Judge 
Gwin  and  reinstated  Judge  Ker.  In  1843,  Judge  Ker's 
commission  expired,  and  Judge  Gwin  was  again  com- 
missioned by  Governor  Porter,  and  recommissioned 
in  1848  by  Governor  Shunk,  and  he  served  till  18-51, 
when  the  judges  became  elective  by  the  people  under 
the  constitutional  amendment  of  1850. 

Judge  Gwin  was  a  tall,  slender  man,  of  fine  features 
and  dark  hair,  which  had  prematurely  turned  gray. 
He  was  dignified  and  commanding  in  appearance, 
and  would  secure  the  respect  of  any  assembly  in 
wdiich  he  might  appear.  He  was  the  son  of  Patrick 
Gwin,  who  had  been  elected  sheriff  of  the  county 
three  times,  and  brother  of  Alexander  Gwin,  a  member 
of  the  bar.  He  acted  for  some  time  as  deputy  sherifT 
under  his  father,  a  good  school  to  acquire  business 
knowledge  and  habits,  and  he  was  one  of  the  best 
business  men  in  the  county.  Previous  to  his  appoint- 
ment to  the  bench  he  was  in  the  mercantile  business 
in  Huntingdon,  conducting  a  general  store. 

Being  very  extensively  acquainted  throughout  the 
county  he  became  tiseful  on  the  bench,  es[ieeially 
when  the  presidentjudge  resided  out  of  the  euuiity. 

Judge  Gwin  resided  in  Huntingdon  all  his  life,  and 
was  a  highly-esteemed  citizen.  He  was  elected  chief 
burgess  of  tlie  Ixirou'jh  three  times, — in  is;-;;  and 
1838  and  in  1859.  At  the  time  of  hi.  death  he  was  a 
director  of  the  Fir-t  Xath.nal  I'.aiik  d'  lluiitiii-doii. 
He  was  a  momlu'i-  of  the   l're-li\  leriaii  t'liureh,  and 

November,  isii:!.  and  was  at  the  time  of  his  death 
aged  sixty-tliree  years,  three  months,  and  twcntv-one 

Jiiiix  Stew-VET,  one  of  the  associate  justices  of 
Huntingdon  County,  was  born  in  Dauphin  County, 
I'a..  on  the  18th  of  February,  178G.  He  was  not  ''  to 
the  manner  born,"  but  we  are  credibly  informed  that 
lie  "eame  to  the  manor"  about  the  year  1800,  when 
II''  was  aliout  fourteen  years  of  age.  Not  much  is 
known  of  his  early  history.  In  .\pril.  1813,  after  the 
war  was  declared  under  the  administration  of  Presi- 
ileiit  :\Iadison  against  Great  Britain,  lie  was  drafted 
into  the  service  of  his  country.  He  went  from  Alex- 
andria. Huntingdon  Co.,  to  Erie,  starting  on  the  (Jth 
<lay  of  May  of  the  same  year,  in  Cajit.  Morris'  com- 



Perry  at  the  celebrated  battle  of  Lake  Erie,  which 
was  fought  on  the  10th  of  September,  1813,  and  ar- 
rived at  the  bloody  scene  about  an  hour  after  the 
battle  was  over,  and  was  rejoiced  to  learn  that  victory 
had  perched  upon  the  American  flag.  Afterwards  he 
was  stationed  at  Fort  Maiden,  in  Upper  Canada,  a 
fort  which  has  long  since  fallen  into  ruins.  At  or 
about  the  time  of  his  discharge  he  was  promoted  to  a 
captaincy,  and  was  commissioned  by  Governor  Simon 
Snyder,  and  cdiiiinainU'd  n  company  of  volunteers 
about  fifteen  yrnis.     So  inuch  for  his  military  career. 

Capt.  John  ,'^tcwarl  was  a  Democrat  of  the  old 
school,  of  the  straightest  sect,  and  prominent  in  his 
parly,  probably  the  most  influential  man  in  his  town- 
ship for  many  years.  He  was  always  a  host  within 
himself  in  that  Democratic  stronghold,  "  Old  Barree," 
and  many  of  the  rank  and  file  looked  up  to  him  and 
learned  their  political  lessons  from  him.  Although  a 
strong  partisan,  he  never  appeared  to  have  any  han- 
kering after  the  spoils  of  victory,  that  cohesive  jiower 
by  which  parties  are  held  together,  sometimes,  more 
than  by  principle. 

On  the  2.3d  of  March,  184(5,  his  military  title  was 
exchanged  for  a  civil  one.  Capt.  Stewart  now  became 
Judge  Stewart.  Governor  Shunk  at  that  time  com- 
missioned him  an  associate  judge  of  the  courts  of 
Huntingdon  County,  and  he  served  out  his  term  of 
five  year.s,  after  which  the  associate  judges  were 
elected.  On  the  bench  he  was  attentive,  careful,  and 
conscientious  in  the  discharge  of  his  duties. 

In  person  he  was  tall,  large,  and  well  formed, 
and  of  a  fair  and  sandy  complexion  ;  a  man  of  re- 
markable firmness,  pure  morals,  and  good  habits;  an 
agreeable  and  entertaining  companion,  a  good  neigh- 
bor and  good  citizen.  He  departed  this  life  on  the 
16th  of  October,  1861,  in  the  seventy-sixth  year  of 
his  age.  He  died  at  his  residence  on  his  farm  near 
Manor  Hill,  deeply  and  sincerely  lamented  by  his 
numerous  friends  and  acquaintances. 

Jonathan  McWiLLiAjrs  was  a  native  of  Spruce 
Creek  Valley,  Huntingdon  Co.,  Pa.,  where  he  re- 
sided from  his  birth  down  to  within  a  few  years  of 
the  time  of  his  death.  He  lepre.sented  Huntingdon 
County  in  the  Legislature  of  the  State  two  sessions, 
having  been  elected  in  184i2  and  in  1843,  three  years 
before  the  organization  of  Blair  County.  He  was  the 
last  associate  judge  in  the  county  appointed  by  the 
Governor,  his  commission  being  dated  the  4th  of 
April,  1851.  The  office  having  become  elective,  he 
was  elected  in  the  fall  of  the  same  year,  and  served 
out  his  term,  ending  in  185G,  when  he  was  succeeded 
by  Benjamin  F.  Patton. 

Judge  McWilliams  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
Huntingdon  County  Agricultural  Society,  and  be- 
came its  first  jiresident.  He  took  a  great  interest  in 
agriculture,  and  was  a  warm  and  consistent  advocate 
of  the  cause  of  temperance,  as  well  as  of  other  moral 
reformation  and  improvement,  a  man  of  very  gen- 
eral and  correct  information.     In  person  he  was  tall. 

slender,  and  erect.  He  was  un  elder  in  the  Presbyte- 
rian Church,  anil  niaiiiCi-stuil  a  dn-p  inti  re-.!  in  church 
affairs,  exemplilyin!;-  his  prolrssimi  by  a  ('hristian 
walk  and  conversation.  These  characteristics  shone 
conspicuously  in  his  judicial  life.  He  removed  to 
McVeytown,  Mifliin  Co.,  in  November,  ISliG,  and 
died  at  that  place  on  the  2d  of  September,  1870. 
lie  was  born  in  Franklin  township  on  the  3d  of  June, 
17'.t7,  and  was  at  the  time  of  his  death  aged  seventy- 
three  years  and  three  months. 

Thomas  Finney  Stewart,  one  of  the  associate 
judges  of  Huntingdon  County,  was  born  in  Hanover 
township,  Dauphin  Co.,  Pa.  His  grandfather,  Samuel 
Stewart,  was  born  nearGlasgow.  irj  S.ntlaiid,  and  emi- 
grated to  this  country  in  1735  with  his  faiiiily,  aiiiuug 
whom  was  Samuel  T.  Stewart,  an  infani,  burn  in  l7-';4, 
who  grew  ii|i  and  performed  good  military  servi<-e  in  the 
Revolutionary  war,  and  became  the  father  ot Thomas 
Finney  Stewart,  the  suljeet  >.f  this  sketch.  Thomas 
F.Stewart  wa- boni  m,  the  lllh  nl  A  ugnst,  1794.  His 
mother's  inaiih'ii  name  was  Xaney  ( 'alhoun.  He  was 
only  eight  years  of  age  when  his  father  died,  and  nine- 
teen when  his  mother  and  family  moved  to  Spruce 
Creek,  Centre  Co.,  in  1813.  He  drove  a  two-horse 
wagon  freighted  with  the  most  valuable  articles, 
while  his  mother  and  his  brother  David  made  the 
trip  on  horseback,  and  his  sister  Margaret  in  the 
stage.  His  brother  William  C.  had  gone  there  a  year 
or  more  before  the  family  moved.  His  elder  brothers, 
William  C.  and  David,  became  members  of  the  well- 
known  firm  of  Lyon,  Shorb  &  Co.,  extensively  engaged 
in  the  manufacture  of  iron.  His  sister,  Margaret  A., 
the  youngest  of  the  family,  was  married  to  John  Lyon 
in  July,  1820.  Thomas  F.  Stewart  resided  on  a  farm 
on  Shaver's  Creek,  in  West  township,  and  pursued  the 
business  of  farming.  He  was  elected  an  associate 
judge  in  October,  1851,  on  the  Democratic  ticket. 
He  moved  to  Petersburg,  where  he  spent  the  latter 
years  of  his  life  in  retirement. 

Judge  Stewart  was  well  informed  on  all  ordinary 
subjects,  had  an  extensive  acquaintance  with  the 
people  of  the  upper  and  middle  portions  of  the 
county,  and  was  therefore  well  qualified  to  perform 
the  duties  devolving  upon  him  as  an  associate  judge. 
His  conduct  was  characterized  by  uprightness  and 
impartiality,  and  gave  general  satisfaction. 

He  was  of  Presbyterian  ancestry  through  a  long 
line,  but  in  early  life  he  imbibed  the  faith  of  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  Church  and  united  with  that 
denomination.  He  was  the  only  one  of  the  family 
who  forsook  the  faith  of  his  fathers,  and  he  lived  a 
consistent  Christian  life  and  retained  the  new  faith  to 
the  end  of  his  days. 

In  1818  he  married  Mary,  daughter  of  John  and 
Nancy  Bailey,  of  Penn's  Valley.  They  had  fifteen 
children,  seven  of  whom  died  in  infancy.  (Jf  the 
remaining  eight  only  five  are  now  (September,  1882) 
living.  His  widow  survived  him  but  a  short  time, 
and  died  in  ISC.G. 



Judge  Thomas  F.  Stewart  was  a  mau  of  tine  per- 
sonal appearance,  a  little  over  medium  size,  of  regular 
features,  hair  turned  gray  in  his  latter  years,  modest 
and  unassuming  and  pleasant  in  manner  and  conver- 
sation. He  died  at  his  home  in  Petersburg  on  the 
8th  of  August,  1864,  aged  seventy  years  less  two  days. 

John  Brewster  was  elected  an  associate  judge  in 
October,  1856,  and  served  until  the  time  of  his  death, 
which  Qccurred  late  in  the  tall  of  1859.  He  was  a 
resident  of  the  borough  of  Shirleysburg  at  the  time 
of  his  election  and  at  the  time  of  his  death,  and  was 
extensively  engaged  in  the  business  of  tanning.  lu 
January,  1840,  a  great  calamity  befell  him  which  cast 
a  gloom  upon  him  for  the  remainder  of  his  life.  On 
the  2d  of  January,  in  the  small  hours  of  tiie  night, 
his  dwelling-house  was  discovered  to  be  on  tire  and 
the  flames  bursting  through  the  roof.  His  aged 
mother  and  a  grandson  aged  about  six  years  and  a 
female  relative  of  the  family  all  perished  in  the 
flames.  A  very  deep  snow  had  fallen  in  the  night, 
and  the  fire  had  made  such  fearful  progress  before  it 
was  discovered  that  it  was  impossible  to  aid  the  suf- 
ferers sufHciently  to  make  their  escape. 

Judge  Brewster  had  accumulated  a  large  estate,  the 
greater  portion  of  which  he  gave  to  religious  and 
charitable  institutions  in  his  lifetime.  He  was  a 
member  of  the  Presbyterian  Church,  and  contributed 
quite  liberally  to  it  and  institutions  connected  with 
it.  He  was  a  large  man,  well  informed,  attentive  to 
business,  and  highly  esteemed  by  all  who  knew  him. 

John  Long  was  appointed  an  associate  judge  by 
Governor  Packer  on  the  9th  of  December,  1859,  to 
fill  a  vacancy  occasioned  by  the  death  of  Judge 
Brewster,  and  served  till  the  first  Monday  in  Decem- 
ber, 186(1,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  his  brother-in- 
law,  William  B.  Leas. 

His  father.  Christian  Long,  came  from  ^Maryland 
to  Huntingdon  County  about  the  year  17:mi,  and  was 
call<il  to  the  iiiiiii>ti-y  in  the  German  Baptist  Church 
in  early  life,  and  laln.ivd  faithfully  until  he  was  called 
hcric."     lb-  wa-  at  llic  time  (if  his  death  a  bishop. 


dlowed  agri- 
I  lie  en-a-ed 


stated.  l'..r  some  vear-  l.elore  his  death  he  liad  re- 
tired rr.m,  l,usi„e-s.  Ill-  eoiMiuet  diirin-  his  hnef 
judi.'ial    career  -ave  -eneral  saliMaetio,,.      lie  was  an 

held  in  -reat  e-teeiii  hy  all  who  knew  him.  11.-  died 
at   hi-   h,.M,e   in  Sliirhvsl.ur- on   the   loth  of  Deceni- 

brother-in-law,  John  Long,  who  had  been  appointed 
to  fill  a  vacancy  occa.sioned  by  the  death  of  John 
Brewster,  whose  term  would  not  have  expired  until 
December,  1861.  Thus  we  had  three  associate  judges 
within  a  period  of  five  years, — Brewster  for  three 
years.  Long  for  one,  and  Leas  for  one, — all  from  Shir- 
leysburg. But  Judge  Leas  was  elected  for  a  full  term 
and  served  it  out,  ending  on  the  first  Monday  in  De- 
cember, 1865,  and  thus  we  have  a  precession  of  one 
year  in  the  election  of  our  associate  judges. 

Judge  Leas  was  in  business  for  nearly  fifty  years, 
merchandising,  farming,  and  tanning.  During  this 
time  he  also  served  in  many  of  the  borough  offices 
and  as  postmaster  under  several  administrations.  He 
was  also  a  stockholder  and  director  in  the  Union 
Bank  of  Huntingdon.  In  July,  1871,  he,  in  company 
with  Rev.  Dr.  A.  K.  Bell  and  Rev.  J.  W.  Evans, 
started  on  a  tour  to  Europe,  and  traveled  all  through 
England,  vScotland,  and  Ireland  and  a  great  portion 
of  the  Continent.  He  wrote  numerous  interesting 
and  instructive  letters  home  during  his  journeyings, 
which  were  published  in  the  newspa[)ers  and  exten- 
sively read. 

He  accumulated  a  large  estate  from  the  profits  of 
his  business,  which  he  left  to  his  family  after  making 
liberal  bequests  to  the  Baptist  Church,  of  wdiich  he 
was  a  working  member,  and  to  other  religious  and 
charitable  institutions. 

As  an  associate  judge,  the  duties  of  his  office  were 
all  discharged  with  that  scrupulous  care  an<l  atten- 
tion which  characterized  all  the  social  and  business 
relations  of  his  life. 

He  died  very  suddenly  in  the  cars  on  the  Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad,  just  after  entering  them  at  Mount 
Union,  on  his  way  to  Huntingdon,  on  tlie  17th  of 
February,  1882,  aged  seventy  years  and  ten  days.  He 
was  buried  at  Shirleysburg. 

Next  come  the  living  associate  and  ex-assoeiate 
judges  of  the  county.  The  oldest  ami  longest  re- 
tired of  these  is 

BEX.I.4.MIN  F.  Pattiix,  wlio  was  elected  in  18-'')6 
and  re-elected  in  1861.  He  was  residing  in  the  vil- 
lage of  Warrior's  Mark  at  the  time  of  his  election, 
wliere  he  had  been  a  justice  of  the  peace  for  a  num- 
ber of  years  and  also  engaged  in  the  mercantile  busi- 
n.'ss.  After  the  expiration  of  his  second  term  he 
removed  to  Altoona,  Blair  Co.,  where  he  is  now  living 
at  an  advanced  age. 

AxTHoxY  J.  Beavei;,  of  Penn  township,  was 
elected  in  1865  and  re-elected  in  1870.  He  had  served 
in  the  Union  army,  and  lost  an  arm  in  the  war  of  the 
Pebellion.  He  had  returned  but  recently,  when  he 
was  nominated  by  the  Republican  party  and  elected. 
He  is  now  engaged  in  tlie  mercantile  business  at  James 
Creek.     He  is  apparently  about  fifty  years  of  age  and 

n  Shirley-lau-L'  in  .\ni:ii-l,  bs-.".i.  an.!  eonlinin.l  to 
■eside  there  till  the  lime  ol  hi,  deatli;  >va-  eleeteil  an 
issociatc    judge     in     October,    bNio,    sueeceding     his 





taker.  He  is  active  and  apparently  about  sixty-five 
years  old.  He  had,  previous  to  liis  election  as  an  as- 
sociate judge,  served  as  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  as 
director  of  the  poor. 

Adam  Heeter,  of  Clay  township,  was  elected  in 
1875.  At  the  end  of  his  term  he  retired  to  his  farm, 
in  the  same  township,  where  he  is  now  engaged  in 
farming.  In  1S67  he  was  elected  a  director  of  the 
poor.  He  is  about  sixty  years  of  age,  in  good  health, 
and  active. 

Graffus  Miller,  of  the  borough  of  Hunting- 
don, was  elected  on  the  Democratic  ticket  in  1876, 
and  served  one  term,  ending  in  1881.  He  was  en- 
gaged in  the  mercantile  business  before  his  election, 
which  business  he  carried  on  during  his  term  of  office, 
and  continues  yet.  He  had  served  a  term  as  sheriff 
of  the  county  from  1856  to  1859. 

John  Laporte,  of  Franklin  township,  was  elected 
in  1880,  and  is  now  the  senior  associate  judge  in 

Georoe  W.  Johnston  was  elected  from  the  bor- 
ough of  Huntingdon  in  1881,  to  succeed  Judge  Mil- 
ler. He  held  the  office  of  sherifl"  of  the  county  from 
1862  to  1865.  He  also  served  as  jury  commissioner 
in  1874  by  appointment.  He  had  previously  been 
engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  successively  at 
Petersburg  and  at  Huntingdou,  and  was  well  qualified 
for  the  duties  devolving  upon  associate  judges.  He 
is  in  his  seventy-fourth  year. 

Here  follow  the  living  members  of  the  bench  and 
bar.  Limited  space  will  only  allow  a  few  lines  to 
be  devoted  to  each.  The  associate  judges  will  be  in- 
troduced in  the  order  of  their  commissions,  and  the 
attorneys  in  the  order  of  the  date  of  their  admission 
to  the  bar. 

John  Dean,  the  present  able  and  efficient  presi- 
dent judge  of  the  Twenty-fourth  Judicial  District, 
resides  in  Hollidaysburg,  and  as  a  chapter  is  devoted 
to  the  bench  and  bar  of  Blair  County,  no  further 
mention  is  made  of  him  here  than  to  say  that  he 
is  the  immediate  successor  of  Judge  Taylor,  having 
been  elected  in  1871,  and  re-elected  in  1881. 

John  Williamson  is  the  senior  living  member 
of  the  Huntingdon  County  bar.     He  was  born  in 
Washington  City,  D.  C.  on  the  14th  of  February,  ' 
1796.     His  father  was  of  Scotch  and  his  mother  of  j 
German    descent.     He   studied  law  in   the  office  of  ■ 
James  M.  Kelley,  in  Indiana,  Pa.,  and  was  admitted  I 
to  the  bar  at  that  place  in  September,  1819.     He  was  j 
admitted  at  Huntingdon  at  April  term,  1821,  and  from 
that  time  to  the  present   he  has  been  a  citizen  of 
Huntingdon,  where  he  has  been  in  active   practice 
ever  since  down  to  about  the  year  1865,  with  the  ex-  i 
ception  of  the  interval  of  his  residence  in  Washing-  j 
ton  while   in   office   there.     His  practice  continued  j 
through  some  forty  years,  during  a  great  portion  of 
which  time  he  was  concerned  in  the  trial  of  nearly 
all  the  criminal  cases  in  the  county,  generally  for  the 
defense,  and  was  very  successful.  ; 

He  was  not  long  at  the  liar  till  he  divided  his  time 
and  attention  between  law  and  politirs,  and  in  1830 
was  elected  to  the  lower  branch  nt'  the  Stale  Legisla- 
ture, with  John  Blair,  over  Alexander  Dysart  and 
Henry  Beaver,  as  a  volunteer  candidate. 

In  1832  he  was  a  candidate  for  the  State  Senate, 
and  received  2170  votes  in  Huntingdon  County  to 
1650  cast  for  George  McCulloch,  his  competitor,  but 
he  was  defeated  by  the  other  counties  in  the  district, — 
Mifflin,  Cambria,  and  Juniata. 

In  1836  he  was  a  candidate  for  Congress,  and  re- 
ceived 1922  votes  in  the  county,  while  the  opposing 
candidate,  W.  W.  Potter,  received  but  1793.  This  dis- 
trict, too,  was  Democratic,  and  Mr.  Williamson  was 
defeated  by  the  other  counties  in  it, — Centre  and 

In  March,  1841,  President  Harrison  appointed  him 
recorder  of  the  land  office  at  Washington,  in  which 
he  served  till  the  end  of  President  Tyler's  adminis- 

Mr.  Williamson  is  a  large  man,  well  formed,  of 
fine  general  appearance,  courteous  and  affable,  of 
good  conversational  powers  and  general  intelligence, 
full  of  keen  wit  and  humor,  and  a  genial  and  pleasing 
companion.  He  can  speak  the  German  language, 
and  this  makes  him  popular  too  among  the  Germans. 
He  has  often  been  pressed  into  service  in  court  as  in- 
terpreter when  German  witnesses  had  to  be  examined 
who  could  neither  speak  nor  understand  English. 
He  is  now  (August,  1882)  in  his  eighty-seventh  year, 
in  a  good  state  of  preservation  for  an  octogenarian, 
with  his  mental  powers  but  little,  if  any,  impaired. 

William  P.  Orbison  ranks  next  to  Mr.  William- 
son in  point  of  seniority.  He  is  the  son  of  William 
Orbison,  deceased,  a  former  member  of  the  same  bar; 
w'as  born  Nov.  4,  1814,  at  Huntingdon  ;  attended  the 
Huntingdon  Academy,  Jefferson  College,  Canons- 
burg,  Pa.,  where  he  graduated  in  September,  1832; 
read  law  in  Huntingdon  with  the  late  John  G.  Miles 
for  two  years  and  a  half,  entered  the  law  school  at 
Carlisle,  where  he  remained  six  months,  graduating 
in  November,  1835,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at 
Carlisle  at  November  term  of  that  year.  He  then 
returned  to  Huntingdon,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar 
on  Nov.  12,  1835.  In  the  spring  of  1836  he  entered 
into  partnership  with  James  M.  Bell,  and  continued 
with  him  until  Mr.  Bell  removed  to  Hollidaysburg 
in  1845.  Mr.  Orbison  afterwards  continued  to  practice 
by  himself.  He  was  president  of  the  First  National 
Bank  of  Huntingdon  from  1871  to  1878,  succeeding 
James  M.  Bell.  He  is  now,  at  the  close  of  the  year 
1882,  in  a  good  state  of  preservation. 

David  Blair  was  born  in  Dublin  township,  Hunt- 
ingdon Co. ;  son  of  the  late  John  Blair,  deceased; 
educated  at  Washington  College,  Washington,  Pa.; 
studied  law  in  the  same  place  in  the  office  of  William 
Baird  until  he  died,  and  then  in  tlie  office  of  Messrs. 
Leet  &  Atchison,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of 
Washington  Countv  in  June,  1S36.    He  was  admitted 


tn  tlieliar  in  Iluntingdon  on  the  Sth  of  .\ii,t;u<t,  1836, 
uml  lias  practicpd  here  ever  since. 

Mr.  lilair  was  appointed  county  treasurer  three 
tir;irs.  in  ls:;s,  \s:V.),  and  1840.  In  1S4G  he  was  elected 
a  infiiilM-r  ol'  llie  House  of  Representatives,  and  re- 
olicted  in  1847.  He  has  also  been  elected  to  borough 
otiices,  such  as  school  director  and  burgess,  and  has 
lately  vacated  the  office  of  chief  burgess. 

Theodore  H.  Ceemer  was  born  at  York,  Pa., 
March  16,  1817  ;  .son  of  Abraham  Creraer  and  Mary 
M.,  his  wife,  whose  maiden  name  was  Haller.  He 
attended  the  best  private  schools  and  the  York  County 
Academy  before  the  era  of  common  schools.  In 
1837  he  read  law  in  his  native  town  in  the  office  of 
Robert  J.  Fisher  (afterwards  jiresident  judge).  In 
183S-39  he  read  law  in  the  office  of  James  Arm- 
strong, at  Williamsport,  Pa.  In  December,  1839,  he 
read  law  and  clerked  in  the  prothonotary's  office  in 
Huntingdon  under  James  Steel,  and  in  the  latter 
part  of  1840  entered  the  law  school  connected  with 
Dickinson  College,  at  Carlisle,  Pa.,  and  graduated 
with  the  class  of  1841,  went  to  Y'ork,  and  was  ex- 
amined and  admitted  to  the  bar  there  on  the  3d  of 
August  of  that  year,  then  returned  to  Huntingdon, 
and  was  admitted  on  the  10th  of  the  same  month, 
from  which  date  to  the  present  he  has  been  a  resident 
of  Huntingdon. 

In  1848  he  was  elected  |ir(.thonotary,  and  re-elected 
in  IS'il.  At  the  end  of  his  second  term  he  resumed 
practice,  and  has  continued  at  the  bar  ever  since.  In 
1856  he  was  elected  district  attorney  without  oppo- 
sition. He  has  also  been  honored  with  the  i)nices  of 
school  director  and  chief  burgess. 

WlLLI.^M  DOREIS,  only  son  of  William  1  lorris, 
merchant,  deceased,  was  born  at  Huntirigdcm.  nn  the 
10th  of  September,  1822.  After  prejiaring  himself  in 
the  schools  and  academy  in  his  native  town,  he  en- 
tered Lafayette  College,  at  Easton,  Pa.,  from  which 
lie  graduated  in  September,  1840.  He  then  entered 
the  office  as  a  student  of  Messrs.  Miles  &  Taylor, 
attorneys  in  full  practice  in  Huntingdon,  and  after 
the  usual  course  of  study  was  admitted  to  the  bar  on 
the  loth  of  August,  1843.  During  a  portion  of  his 
student  life  and  as  a  part  of  his  training  for  the  bar 
he  clerked  in  the  office  »(  tin'  pr'.ilii, notary,  a  good 
school  in  which  to  accjuirc  a  kiiowlrdgc  nt  lci:al  busi- 
ness. S<Mjn  .•ifter  his  adnii-ion  lie  .iiiiMvd  into  part- 
nershi|i  with  .lohii  <i.  !\Iilrs,  mic  oflii>  pri'ccptors, 
takinsr  ih.'  y\:<rr  ..{  .Mr.  Tayl.,r,  and  ilir  firm  prac- 
ticed  und.T   the   nanicl-  Mil.-   .V    Dnni-   Ir tlial 

time  until  .Mr.  Milrs  rrniov.d  to  l',,)ria.  111.,  aftrr 
wbic-li  .Mr.  Dnrri-  r.,ntinurd  tu  practi.v  at  his  r.-i- 
dence  at  llir  nurlhwr~t  crrurot  F,,nrtl.  an, I  I'cnn 
Streets,  within  tw..  hun.bvd  lr,.t  of  hi-  hirlliplace, 
eversincr.      .Mr->i>.  .Mil.-  ,V   D.nri-wrr.'  tli.'  r.-i.l,iit 

During  the  war  of  the  Rebellion,  in  1862,  Mr. 
Dorris  was  appointed  colonel  of  the  Third  Regiment 
of  Pennsylvania  Militia,  and  served  during  the 
threatened  invasion  which  was  repelled  at  Antietam. 

JoHX  Scott  was  born  at  Alexandria,  on  the  14th 
of  July,  1824,  and  is  of  Scotch-Irish  descent.  His 
father,  also  named  John  Scott,  was  a  major  of  volun- 
teers in  the  war  of  1812,  and  was  elected  to  Congress 
in  1828,  in  the  district  composed  of  the  counties  of 
Huntingdon,  Mifflin,  Centre,  and  Clearfield,  and  rep- 
resented said  district  in  the  Twenty-First  Congress. 
His  son,  the  subject  of  this  brief  sketch,  received  such 
an  education  as  the  schools  of  his  native  village 
afforded,  and  afterwards  .was  instructed  by  private 
teachers  in  Latin  and  Greek. 

In  1842  he  entered  as  a  student  the  law  office  of 
Alexander  Thompson,  in  Chambersburg,  and  at  the 
end  of  the  usual  course  of  study  was  admitted  to 
the  bar.  He  returned  to  his  native  county,  and  was 
admitted  to  practice  in  its  several  courts  on  the  23d  of 
January,  1846,  and  opening  an  office  in  Huntingdon, 
was  soon  afterwards  appointed  deputy  attorney-gen- 
eral for  the  county,  and  discharged  the  duties  of  that 
office  for  several  years  with  marked  fidelity  and  ability. 
He  possessed  talents  of  such  a  high  order  that  he  was  at 
once  recognized  as  the  leader  of  the  Huntingdon  bar, 
and  ranked  with  the  ablest  lawyers  in  the  interior  of 
the  State.  His  health  failing,  in  1853  he  visited 
Europe,  in  company  with  the  elder  William  Dorris, 
and  was  much  benefited  by  his  trip. 

In  1861,  although  a  Democrat,  he  was  elected  to 
the  State  Legislature  without  opposition,  the  county 
being  Republican.  He  was  a  war  Democrat,  and 
acted  with  the  Republicans  in  the  organization  of  the 
ll.iusc.  He  advocated  the  re-election  of  Governor 
Curtiii  in  1863,  and  the  re-election  of  President  Lin- 
c.ln  in  1864.  In  the  canvass  of  1868  betook  an  active 
part  in  the  support  of  the  Republican  ticket,  and  his 
able  arguments  before  the  masses  of  the  people  at- 
tracted public  attention  towards  him  as  a  suitable 
successor  to  Mr.  Buckalew  in  the  United  States 
Senate,  and  when  the  Legislature  convened  he  was 
elected  to  that  important  position,  and  took  his  seat 
on  the  4th  of  March.  1S60,  and  served  till  the  end  of 
liis  term  of  six  years. 

.senatorial  career.  The  reader  is  referred  to  the  "  Con- 
gressional Record"  for  that,  and  it  will  be  found  that 
the  State  and  nation  sutiered  no  detriment  at  his 
ban. Is,  He  fulfilled  the  pre.lictions  of  the  J'ii>sb)ir,ih 
(i'lyifr  at  lb.'  time  of  his  election:  "  Being  a  lawyer 
..f  great  .Icpth  and  acute  discernment,  it  may  be 
naturally  supposed  that  he  will  soon  take  a  front  rank 
with  the  foremost  in  Congress,  peculiarly  in  ques- 
tions involving  international  law  and  the  interest  and 
pr.itci'tion  of  h.imc  manufactures,  a  subject  on  whi.di 
he  is  well  inl'.jrnicd  and  entertains  broa.l  ami  favorable 

L'Ut  residing  in 


/i<  rx  ,<ycu-7  /I, 



he  lias  never  severed  his  connection  witli  the  Hunt- 
ingdon bar.  He  still  owns  his  former  place  of  resi- 
dence here,  and  has  other  interests  and  associations 
that  bring  him  into  our  courts  occasionally  as  counsel 
and  attorney.  He  is  at  present  general  solicitor  for 
the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  Company. 

When  in  full  practice  in  Huntingdon,  Mr.  Scott 
had  associated  with  him  Samuel  T.  Brown,  under  the 
finii-Mame  of  Scott  &  Brown,  and  after  John  M. 
Bailey  was  admitted  to  the  bar  he  became  a  partner, 
and  the  firm-name  was  changed  to  Scott,  Brown  & 
Bailey.  Mr.  Scott  withdrew  from  the  firm  in  or  about 
the  year  1870. 

Robert  Bruce  Petrikin,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch,  was  horn  at  Muncy,  Lycoming  Co.,  Pa.,  on 
the  12th  day  of  September,  1826.  His  father,  Wil- 
liam A.  Petrikin,  was  born  in  Bellefonte,  Pa.,  where 
his  paternal  grandfather,  William  Petrikin,  a  native 
of  Scotland,  settled  in  1798.  The  maiden  name  of 
his  mother  was  Margaret  Montgomery,  the  eldest 
daughter  of  John  Montgomery. 

He  received  his  academic  education  at  the  academy 
of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Shedden,  at  McEwensville,  Pa.,  and 
completed  his  collegiate  education  at  Lafayette  Col- 
lege, Easton,  Pa. 

He  soon  afterwards  removed  to  Huntingdon,  and 
on  the  17th  day  of  June,  1847,  entered  on  the  study 
of  the  law  in  the  office  of  Andrew  Porter  Wilson, 
then  and  for  many  years  afterwards  an  eminent 
and  successful  lawyer.  On  the  13th  of  August, 
1849,  he  was  admitted  to  practice  law  in  the  several 
courts  of  Huntingdon  County,  and  entered  at  once 
upon  a  lucrative  practice  as  a  partner  with  his  late 
tutor.  Gen.  Wilson.  From  the  outset  of  his  profes- 
sional career  he  was  noted  for  his  industry,  energy, 
and  prolcssional  skill. 

At  the  breaking  out  of  the  Rebellion  he  enlisted  as 
a  ])rivate  soldier,  and  was  elected  major  of  the  Fifth 
Regiment  of  Pennsylvania  Volunteers.     He  served 
with  distinction  in  the  army,  and  at  the  expiration  of  , 
his  term  of  service  returned  to  Huntingdon  and  re- 
sumed the  practice  of  his  profession,  to  which  he  has  i 
ever  since  devoted  his  time  and  energy.     He  soon 
afterwards  married  Mary  Pohl,  a  daughter  of  Henry  [ 
Pohl,  of  Philadelphia,  and  the  result  of  this  union  is 
two  daughters  and  three  sons,  the  eldest  of  v.lioiu  is 
pursuing  his  studies  at  Yale  College. 

Although  elected  to  the  Senate  of  Pennsylvania  in 
the  fall  of  1870,  which  position  he  filled  for  three 
years,  he  has  not  sought  or  seemed  to  desire  political 
preferment.  His  term  in  the  Senate  was  marked  by 
a  desire  on  his  part  to  introduce  and  pass  wholesome 
acts,  many  of  which  emanating  from  his  pen  became 
laws,  notably  among  which  was  the  act  establishing 
the  fishery  system  and  fishery  commission  for  the 
State  of  Pennsylvania,  the  law  prohibiting  the  fre- 
quent changes  in  school-books,  and  the  law  giving 
to  laborers,  miners,  and  others  a  lien  for  wages. 

He  is  a  gentleman  of  strong  convictions,  of  pleasant 

and  genial  manners,  and  is  intensely  devoted  to  his 
friends.  He  detests  ingratitude  and  infidelity.  He 
is  a  fine  scholar  and  a  strong,  terse  writer.  Now 
past  the  meridian  of  life,  he  is  in  the  possession  of 
excellent  health,  and  with  his  ripe  experience  as  a 
lawyer  and  his  love  for  his  books,  and  with  his  well- 
stored  and  well-poised  legal  mind,  he  might  justly 
be  styled  "  the  mentor"  of  the  Huntingdon  bar. 

Samuel  T.  Brown  was  born  in  Mifflin  County, 
Pa.,  on  the  21st  of  March,  1827.  He  received  his 
education  in  schools  taught  by  his  father,  John 
Brown,  before  the  era  of  common  schools,  and  in  a 
private  school  taught  by  Rev.  James  Nourse,  in 
Milroy,  Mifflin  Co.,  Pa. 

In  April,  1849,  he  commenced  the  study  of  law 
under  the  instruction  of  Thomas  P.  Campbell,  and 
was  admitted  to  practice  in  the  several  courts  of 
Huntingdon  County  on  the  12th  of  April,  18.52.  He 
then  went  to  Ridgway,  Elk  Co.,  with  a  view  to  prac- 
tice there;  but  finding  that  region  "too  much  of  a 
wilderness,  after  waiting  six  months  for  clients  who 
did  not  come,  he  pulled  down  his  "shingle"  and 
came  back  to  Huntingdon,  and  after  teaching  school 
a  term  or  two,  and  serving  in  the  engineer  corps  on 
the  Huntingdon  and  Broad  Top  Railroad,  he  entered 
into  partnership  in  the  practice  of  law  with  John 
Scott  in  October,  1853,  and  continued  his  law  part- 
ner until  his  election  to  the  United  States  Senate, 
and  for  about  a  year  afterwards.  Mr.  Bailey  also  be- 
came a  member  of  the  firm  soon  after  his  admission 
to  the  bar. 

In  1868,  Mr.  Brown  was  elected  to  the  lower  branch 
of  the  State  Legislature,  and  was  an  active  member 
of  that  body  at  the  time  that  Mr.  Scott,  his  partner, 
was  elected  to  the  United  States  Senate. 

Mr.  Brown  was  elected  district  attorney  in  1858, 
and  served  till  the  close  of  18G1.  He  has  also  served 
in  various  borough  ofllces,  such  as  chief  burgess, 
school  director,  and  in  other  jjositions.  He  is  now 
the  senior  partner  in  the  firm  of  Brown,  Bailey  & 

John  W.  Mattern  was  born  in  Franklin  town- 
ship, Huntingdon  Co.,  on  the  12th  of  October,  1821; 
was  educated  in  the  schools  of  the  neighborhood,  and 
partially  at  Allegheny  College,  at  Meadville;  worked 
with  his  father,  Samuel  Mattern,  at  the  woolen  man- 
ufacturing business  in  Franklinville  until  April, 
1849.  In  February,  1852,  he  commenced  the  study 
of  the  law  with  John  Scott;  was  admitted  at  April 
term,  1854,  and  has  continued  in  the  practice  ever 
since  that  time.  He  held  the  office  of  deputy  United 
States  collector  for  a  part  of  Huntingdon  County  in 
1862-63,  and  is  now  holding  a  position  to  which  he 
was  recently  appointed  in  the  Pension  Office  at 
Washington  City. 

William  H.  Woods  was  born  at  Lewistown,  Pa., 
on  the  17th  of  May,  1829;  son  of  Rev.  James  Woods, 
for  many  years  pastor  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  in 
that  iilace;  attended  the  academy  at  Lcwistown;  en- 


tered  the  college  at  Princeton,  N.  J.,  from  which  he 
graduated  in  lS-18;  read  hiw  with  liis  brother,  Samuel 
S.  Woods,  late  president  judge  of  Lewi-^town,  now 
deceased,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  n(  ."\Iifflin 
Ciiunty  in  1  ^•'lS.  He  came  to  Huntingdmi.  and  was 
admitted  to  j.ractice  on  the  12th  of  January,  \s.',>j, 
opened  an  olHce,  and  has  been  in  successful  practice 
ever  since.  Prior  to  his  admission  as  an  attorney  lie 
conducted  Milnwood  .\cademy.  at  Shade  Gap,  in  this 
county,  for  several  yciirs.  ;iiid  had  also  bi-cii  enL^a^ad 
as  a  teacher  in  other  iii-titutiims  cit'  leaniiiiL'. 

RoiiEKT  MiLTciN  Sri:i:i;  was  horn  on  the  stli  of 
September,  1838,  at  Ca^sville,  Huntinir.lon  ("o.,  uii.l 
was  educated  at  Ca-sviUe  Seminary.  After  teaeliinu' 
school  for  several  term-  he  eon, men.  ed  the  of 
the  law  in  A|.ril,  is:,;,  with  Mes-r..  Wil-on  \  Pet- 
rikin,  in  Huntingdon,  and  eontinued  uith  tliei.i  until 
the  14th  of  X(;vember,  ISol).  when  he  was  examiueil 
and  admitted  to  the  bar.  In  the  spriiig  of  18G0  he 
opened  an  ollicfi  in  Huntingdon,  where  he  has  been 
in  full  and  successful  practice  ever  since. 

In  .Tanuary,  1SG3,  he  was  elected  assistant  clerk  of 
the  House  of  Representatives  at  Harrisburg. 

In  1870  he  received  the  Democratic  nomination  for 
Congress  and  was  elected,  and  in  1872  he  was  renomi-  | 
nated  and  re-elected,  the  district  being  composed  of 
the  counties  of  Huntingdon,  Blair,  Cambria,  and  j 
Jlittiin,  and  he  served  and  represented  this  district  in 
the  Forty-second  and  Forty-third  Congresses  to  the 
satistaction  of  his  constituents. 

In  1872,  Mr.  Speer  was  a  delegate  to  the  National 
Convention  which  met  at  Raltimore  and  nominated 
Horace  Greeley  for  President,  and  in  1S78  he  was 
chairman  of  the  State  Democratic  Committee,  and  in 
18S0  he  a  delegate  at  large  from  Pennsylvania  to 
the  National  Democratic  Convention  that  nominated 
Gen.  Hancock  for  President. 

Mr.  Speer  has  also  served  iiis  neighbors  and  fellow- 
citizen-  in  the  r.or.iiiLdi  Council,  and  two  successive 
terms  a-  -eliool  director,  the  last  term  as  jiresident  of 
the  board. 

Mr.  Speer  has  lia.l  a-so.iated  with  him,  his  lirother- 
iu-law.  i:.  S.  MeMurtrie,  in  the  practice  of  law,  >ince 
August,  181)6. 

John  Mu.MPin;  l'..\Il.i;v,  whose  paternal  am-estrv 
was  of  English  and  hi-  maleniai  of  (lermaii  deseeni. 
was  born  in  Dill-biirg,  York  Co..  I'a..  .Inly  11,  bs:i;i, 
II, s  lather,  Samuel  N .  Ilailey,  ,ep,v-enie,l  V,,rk 
County  in  the  State  l.e^i-latnre  for  three  eon-eeiiti\  e 
term-,  and  wa-  al-o  lieutenant-colonel  of  the  Twelfth 
I'enn-vlv.ania  Ke-erve-. 

Mr.  r.ailev  w.-i-  educated  in  ih,'  common  selmol-  ,,f 
his  .lav,  ami   al-..  alt.-u.l.Ml   s.nau-al    t.'rm-  ..f  th.^'fu- 

Franklin  in  Huntingdon  County,  which  he  continued 
during  the  winter  terms  until  the  spring  of  18$0, 
when,  as  a  student,  he  entered  the  law-office  of  Scott 
i^  Ilr(.wn,  in  Huntingdon,  composed  of  John  Scott, 
wli.i  -ulisequently  became  a  United  States  senator, 
and  i-  n.iw  ..'eneral  solicitor  for  the  Pennsylvania 
i;ailr,.ad  at  I'hila.lelphia,  an.l  Samuel  T,  Hr.iwn,  with 
wh.un   he    is    n.nv   a— ..eiate.l    in    the    i.racti.-e   of  the 

He  .ontinue'l   to   t.-acli   scho.d   during   the  winter 

.Vu'.',  11,  l^i;2,  when  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar. 
So.ui  after  hi-  a.lmission  to  the  bar  he  became  asso- 
eiate.l  with  his  former  preceptors,  under  the  tirm- 
name  of  Scott,  Brown  &  Bailey,  which  relation  con- 
tinued uninterruptedly  and  with  the  utmost  harmony 
until  the  election  of  Mr.  Scott  to  a  seat  in  the  United 
States  Senate  in  1.8(59,  after  which  the  business  was 
continued  under  the  firm-name  of  Brown  t\:  Bailey 
until  1882,  when  Charles  G.  Brown,  a  son  ..f  his  part- 
ner, became  a  member  of  the  firm,  and  the  i.artner- 
ship  name  changed  to  Brown,  liailey  c^  Brown,  as  it 
is  still  continued, 

Mr.  Bailey  has  devoted  his  whole  tiiue  to  his  pro- 
fession, and  but  little  or  none  of  it  to  politics,  and  has 
never  been  a  candidate  for  any  political  office  except 
for  delegate  to  the  Constitutional  Convention  of  1872- 
73,  ndien  he  was  noiuinated  by  the  Democratic  party 
and  elected  to  rejiresent  in  part  the  counties  of  Hun- 
tingdon, Centre,  Mifflin,  and  Juniata,  these  consti- 
tuting the  Twenty-second  Senatorial  District. 

In  the  convention  he  served  on  the  committees 
of  "  revenue,  ta.xation  and  finance,"  "  commissions, 
offices,  oaths  of  office,  and  incompatibilities  of  office." 
He  has  also  served  his  townsmen  in  the  councils  of 
the  b..r.,ui:h  ..f  Huntingd.m, 

Mr.  Bail.^y  was  marricl  in  the  -prin-  of  1m;;i  t.) 
.Mfss  Lcttic  Fisher,  .laughter  <,f  Th.mias  Fi>her,  of 

P.  M.  Lyti.i:,  son  of  Nathaniel  Lytic,  was  b.irn  in 
Franklin  t.iwn<hi]i,  at  the  village  of  Spruce  Creek,  on 
the  Cth  nf  February,  1840.  He  was  educate.!  in  the 
e.uinii.m  ).il-  ol  lii>  native  township  and  of  the  ad- 
j.iiiiiri-  t.iwn-lii].olMorris,  and  at  Tuscarora  Academy, 
.\.'a.l.'mia,  I'a.  .\t  al..  ait  the  age  of  twenty  he  entered 
til.'  .iHii'e  .if  Me-r-.  Wilson  &  Petrikin  as  a  .student, 
au.l  w.i-  a.lmitted  to  practice  in  the  several  courts  of 
HuntiMtr.l.Mi  founty  on  the  Uth  of  August,  1862. 
Ill-   lia<   .■.lulinued   in   ]ira.ti.f  in  Huntingd.m   ever 

\Vii.i.i.\.M  .AI,  K,  Wii.i.i.\Ms.iN-.  -on  .,f  Pev.  Mc- 
K'nighl  Williamson,  wa>  born  in  .luniata  County, 
I'a.,  on  the  2'.Hli  of  June,  1840,  educated  at  .Milnwood 
.\.-ademy,  at  Sha.le  Gap,  Huntingdon  Cmnty.  Pa., 
r.'ad  law  in  Huntingdon,  in  the  office  of  hi.s  hr.ither- 
iii-law,  William  H.  Woods,  and  was  admitted  to  prac- 
li.'.-  in  the  several  courts  of  the  county  an  the  17th  of 
.laiiuary,  186'),  He  immediately  entered  into  part- 
m  r-l,ip'  with  Mr.  Woods,  his  pre.',  an.l  continued 

%.  ^ .  ^. 


^  t-.^m^  tdc^ii^ 



ill  that  relation  until  his  appointment  to  the  office  of 
prothonotai-y  by  Governor  Hartranft,  on  Nov.  22, 
1877,  to  fill  the  vacancy  occasioned  by  the  death  of 
Lewis  M.  Stewart,  and  was  nominated  and  elected  to 
the  same  office  in  1878,  and  again  in  1881,  and  is  the 
present  incumbent. 

G.  Barton  Armitage  was  born  at  Huntingdon,  on 
the  6th  of  February,  1846.  He  is  the  son  of  John 
Armitage,  who  was  elected  sheriff"  in  1844,  and  liad 
been  deputy  sheriff'  during  the  whole  term  of  Sheriff 
Shaver,  and  read  law  afterwards  and  was  admitted  to 
the  bar  on  the  21st  of  November,  1853,  and  died  in 
the  spring  of  1857.  He  was  educated  in  the  select 
schools  of  Huntingdon  and  at  the  Huntingdon  Acad- 
emy, studied  law  in  the  office  of  Messrs.  Scott  &  Brown, 
and  was  admitted  to  practice  on  the  14th  of  August, 

Milton  S.  Lytle,  son  of  Nathaniel  Lytle,  and 
brother  of  P.  M.  Lytle,  was  born  in  Franklin  town- 
ship, Huntingdon  Co.,  Pa.,  on  the  19ch  of  Octo- 
ber, 1842,  educated  at  the  public  schools  and  at  the 
Pennsylvania  State  College,  read  law  in  the  office  of 
R.  M.  Speer,  and  in  the  office  of  Messrs.  Benedict, 
Stewart  &  Lytle,  in  Huntingdon,  and  was  admitted 
to  practice  on  the  13th  of  August,  1866.  He  was 
elected  district  attorney  in  1869.  He  is  the  author  of 
the  "  History  of  Huntingdon  County,"  published  in 
1876,  a  work  of  merit. 

K.  Allen  Lovell  was  born  in  Cass  township, 
July  20,  1841.  He  received  his  education  in  the 
common  schools,  supplemented  by  study  at  J.  B. 
Kidder's  seminary  in  Shirleysburg  and  State  Normal 
School  at  Millersville.  He  studied  law  with  Messrs. 
Scott  &  Brown  at  Huntingdon,  and  was  admitted  to 
the  bar  Aug.  10,  1864.  He  commenced  practice  in 
November,  1865,  and  was  appointed  district  attorney 
in  1866,  was  re-elected,  and  served  in  this  capacity  for 
three  years.  In  1877  was  elected  chief  burgess  of 
Huntingdon  borough,  and  also  served  as  chairman  of 
the  board  of  health.  (Fora  more  complete  biography 
see  Huntingdon  borough.) 

E.  Stewart  McMurtrie,  son  of  William  E.  Mc- 
Murtrie,  was  born  in  Huntingdon  on  the  13th  of  Au- 
gust, 1842,  graduated  at  Jefferson  College,  Washing- 
ton, Pa.,  on  the  4th  of  September,  1864,  studied  law 
in  Indiana,  Pa.,  with  Messrs.  Stewart  &  Clark,  and 
was  admitted  there  in  June,  1866,  and  in  Huntingdon 
on  the  13th  of  August  following,  and  immediately 
formed  a  partnership  with  his  brother-in-law,  R.  M. 
Speer,  under  the  firm-name  of  Speer  &  McMurtrie, 
and  has  continued  in  that  relation  ever  since. 

J.  Randolph  Simpson,  son  of  John  Simpson,  was 
born  in  Huntingdon,  Dec.  13,  1841,  educated  in  the 
public  schools  of  the  borough  at  intervals  between 
working  on  his  fiither's  fiirm,  in  a  carpenter-shop,  and 
clerking  in  a  book-store.  He  entered  the  army  and 
was  sworn  into  service  16th  of  August,  1862,  became 
sergeant  of  Company  C,  One  Hundred  and  Twenty- 
fifth  Regiment  Pennsylvania  Volunteers,  was  wounded 

Sept.  17, 1862,  at  the  battle  of  Antietam.  His  brother, 
George  W.,  of  the  same  company,  color-sergeant,  was 
killed  in  the  same  battle.  Mr.  Simpson,  after  being  in 
the  hospital  and  home  on  furlough,  was  discharged  on 
the  6th  of  April,  1863,  on  account  of  disability,  after- 
wards taught  school  two  years  in  Huntingdon,  com- 
menced the  study  of  law  with  A.  W.Benedict  in  March, 
1864,  took  charge  of  the  prothonotary's  office  for  W. 
C  Wagoner  in  August,  1865,  and  was  himself  nomi- 
nated and  elected  to  the  office'  of  prothonotary  the 
following  year,  receiving  a  majority  of  ten  hundred 
and  thirty-five  over  his  competitor,  and  the  largest 
vote  of  any  candidate  on  the  ticket.  He  acted  as 
prothonotary  to  the  end  of  his  term,  and  declined  a 

He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  loth  of  August, 
1866.  On  the  23d  of  January,  1869,  he  formed  a  law 
partnership  with  G.  Barton  Armitage,  under  the  name 
of  Simpson  &  Armitage,  and  in  December  of  the  same 
year  a  partnership  in  the  insurance  business,  under 
the  name  of  G.  B.  Armitage  &  Co. 

H.  E.  Shaffer  was  born  in  Lewisburg,  Union  Co., 
Pa.,  Aug.  21,  1844,  was  educated  in  the  common 
schools,  and  at  Airy  View  Academj',  Port  Royal, 
Juniata  Co.,  under  the  care  of  Prof.  David  Wilson, 
began  reading  law  on  the  21st  of  August,  1862,  with 
James  S.  Linn,  in  Lewisburg,  father  of  John  Blair 
Linn,  and  continued  with  him  until  August,  1864, 
when  he  went  to  Mansfield,  Ohio,  and  read  la\V  in 
the  office  of  Senator  M.  M.  May  until  June  24,  1866, 
when  he  was  examined  and  admitted  in  the  District 
Court  in  session  at  Bucyrus,  Crawford  Co.,  Ohio,  to 
practice  in  all  the  courts  in  Ohio,  and  on  the  13th  of 
April,  1868,  he  was  admitted  to  practice  in  the  several 
courts  of  Huntingdon  County. 

In  1868,  Mr.  Shafl^er  moved  to  Fulton  County,  and 
for  four  years  practiced  law,  and  at  the  same  time 
edited  the  Republican.  In  1872  he  removed  to  Mount 
Union,  opened  an  office  there,  and  has  been  in  prac- 
tice ever  since.  He  has  been  admitted  to  practice  in 
the  Supreme  Court  of  Pennsylvania  and  in  the  Dis- 
trict Court  of  the  United  States. 

Samuel  E.  Fleming,  son  of  James  Fleming,  late 
of  the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  deceased,  was  born  at 
Manor  Hill,  Huntingdon  Co.,  on  the  31st  of  January, 
1845.  He  was  educated  in  the  common  schools  of 
Barree  township  and  at  Tuscarora  Academy,  Acade- 
mia,  Juniata  Co.,  read  law  with  R.  Milton  Speer,  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  10th  of  August,  1868, 
and  has  been  in  practice  ever  since,  and  has  also 
been  editor  of  the  Hantin;idon  Monitor  for  over  eight 
years,  and  joint  owner  of  it  with  Mr.  Speer. 

M.  M.  McNeil  was  born  near  Three  Springs,  Jan. 
9,  1847.  At  the  age  of  fourteen  years  he  was  sent  to 
the  academy  at  Martinsburg,  Blair  Co.,  Pa.;  at  six- 
teen commenced  teaching  common  schools  during  the 
winter  and  attending  the  State  Normal  School  at  Mil- 
lersville during  the  summer,  until  tlie  fall  of  1866, 
when  he  entered  the  office  of  R.  Milton  Speer  as  law 



student,  anil  remained  with  him  until  the  time  of  his 
admission  to  the  bar,  on  the  10th  of  August,  18G8. 

In  1869  he  was  elected  prothonotary  and  clerk  of 
the  Courts  of  Quarter  Session  and  Oyer  and  Termi- 
ner for  the  term  of  three  years.  After  the  expiration 
of  his  official  term  he  entered  into  partnership  with 
R.  Bruce  Petrikin  and  M.  B.  Massey,  which  part- 
nership continued  until  the  fall  of  1875,  when  Mr. 
Massey,  on  account  of  failing  health,  withdrew,  and 
the  remaining  partners  have  continued  to  practice 
under  the  name  of  Petrikin  &  McNeil. 

JOHX  Syi,vaxus  Blair  was  born  Jan.  31,  1848, 
in  Harrisburg ;  son  of  David  Blair ;  educated  at 
Princeton  College,  New  Jersey,  where  he  graduated 
in  18G6  ;  studied  law  in  Huntingdon,  in  the  office  of 
his  father  and  in  the  office  of  William  Dorris,  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  10th  of  August,  1868, 
and  practiced  in  Huntingdon  until  1873,  since  which 
date  lie  h;is  been  in  the  office  of  the  Department  of 
Justice  at  Washington  City  as  assistant  attorney. 

Thomas  W.  Myton  is  a  native  of  West  township, 
Huntingdon  Co.,  born  Feb.  13,  1842  ;  was  educated 
in  the  common  schools ;  studied  law  in  the  office  of 
J.  Sewell  Stewart,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at 
Huntingdon  on  the  12th  of  August,  1868. 

He  served  in  the  war  of  the  Rebellion,  and  lost  an 
arm  at  Chancellorsville. 

Mr.  Myton  was  elected  treasurer  of  the  county  in 
186.5,  and  prothonotary  and  clerk  of  the  criminal 
courts  in  1872.  In  November,  1882,  he  was  elected 
to  the  House  of  Representatives  at  Harrisburg  to  rep- 
resent  Huntingdon  County  for  the  next  two  years. 
Mr.  Myton  and  J.  F.  Schock  are  partners,  practicing 
under  the  name  of  Myton  &  Schock. 

J.  Hall  Musser  was  born  in  Jackson  township, 
Huntingdon  Co.,  on  the  14th  of  January,  1844;  sou 
of  William  Musser,  deceased,  of  said  township.  He 
attended  the  common  schools,  and  at  the  age  of  six- 
teen years  entered  the  academy  at  Pine  Grove  Mills, 
Centre  Co.,  and  left  said  academy  and  entered  the 
army  on  the  21st  October,  1861,  and  remained  in  the 
military  service  until  the  close  of  the  war.  He  again 
entered  the  same  academy,  and  remained  there  about 
two  years.  In  the  spring  of  1867  he  entered  the  office 
of  Messrs.  Scott  &  Brown  as  a  law  student,  and  was 
admitted  to  [)ractice  on  the  12th  of  April,  1869.  In 
the  fall  of  1873  he  was  appointed  by  the  court  to  act 
as  district  attorney  during  the  protracted  illness  of 
H.  C.  Madden,  who  had  been  elected  to  that  office. 
In  the  spring  of  1874,  while  still  acting  district  attor- 
ney, he  was  appointed  postmaster  at  Huntingdon, 
which  position  he  held  until  tlie  fall  of  1881,  when 
he  resigned. 

Davih  ('ALnwi;i.i.  wasb.,rn  at  Water .-^trert,  Hunt- 
ingdon Co.,  and  was  eilueated  in  tlie  eoMimon  seliools 
of  his  native  village,  and  in  Alexandria  and  the  old 
Hook  school  near  Spruce  Creek,  after  which  he  went 
to  HoUidaysburg  and  learned  the  trade  of  tanning 
witli   liis  uncle  David.      In   1S4I»  he  came  to  Hunt- 

ingdon, where  his  father,  Samuel  Caldwell,  then  re- 
sided, and  being  still  in  his  minority,  he  entered  the 
public  school  at  Huntingdon  as  a  pupil,  and  finished 
his  education,  as  far  as  the  schools  were  concerned, 
in  18.50.  While  at  the  Huntingdon  school  he  studied 
surveying,  and  afterwards  assisted  his  father,  who 
then  deputy  surveyor  of  the  county.  In  the  winter 
of  1850-51  he  taught  the  Hook  school,  in  Franklin 
township,  where  he  had  himself  been  a  pupil  from 
1842  to  1846.  During  the  next  six  years,  from  1851 
till  1857,  he  devoted  his  time  and  attention  to  clerk- 
ing and  managing  at  iron-works  for  Dr.  Peter  Shoen- 
berger  and  others  in  the  counties  of  Huntingdon 
and  Bedford,  and  in  the  lumber  and  coal  business  in 
Cambria,  until  called  home  by  the  death  of  his  father 
in  May,  1857,  to  undertake  the  settlement  of  his 
estate.  In  October  of  the  same  year  he  was  elected 
prothonotary  and  clerk  of  courts,  and  served  three 
years.  He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  20tli  day 
of  January,  1870,  since  which  time  he  has  continued 
in  active  practice.  (For  a  sketch  of  his  ancestors,  see 
Porter  township.) 

H.  Clay  Madde.v  was  born  at  Maddensville, 
Huntingdon  Co.,  on  the  13th  of  March,  1845;  edu- 
cateil  in  common  schools,  and  one  term  at  Milnwood 
Academy,  afterwards  at  Academia,  Juniata  Co.  At- 
tended Law  Department  of  the  University  of  Iowa 
City,  Iowa,  and  was  admitted  in  that  State  on  the 
30th  of  June,  1869,  and  of  Huntingdon  on  the  14th 
of  November,  1870,  and  has  been  in  practice  here 
continuously  ever  since.  Mr.  Madden  was  elected 
district  attorney  in  1872,  for  a  full  term  of  three  years. 
He  is  now  counsel  for  the  county  commissioners. 

William  A.  Fle.mixg  was  born  in  Clarion  County, 
Pa.,  on  the  17th  of  September,  1845;  educated  two 
years  at  Dayton  Union  Academy,  graduated  Octo- 
ber, 1866 ;  attended  during  a  two  years'  course  in  the 
Law  Department  of  Michigan  University,  and  gradu- 
ated March,  1869.  Afterwards  studied  law  in  the 
office  of  Judge  McEnally,  in  Clearfield,  Pa.,  for  one 
year,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Clearfield  bar  in  1870, 
and  to  the  Huntingdon  bar  on  the  10th  of  April,  1871. 

Robert  A.  Orbisox,  son  of  William  P.  Orbison, 
was  born  in  Huntingdon  on  the  31st  of  January, 
1849,  and  received  his  education  at  the  Huntingdon 
Academy  and  Washington  and  Jefferson  College, 
Canonsburg,  Pa.,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1868; 
read  law  in  his  father's  office  in  Huntingdon  for  two 
years,  after  which  he  went  to  the  Albany  Law  School 
one  year,  where  he  graduated,  and  was  admitted  to 
practice  in  the  Supreme  Court  of  New  York  at  Al- 
bany. He  then  returned  to  Huntingdon,  and  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  on  the  25th  of  May,  1871,  aud 
practiced  here  till  1877,  when  he  went  to  Minnesota, 
and  was  admitted  to  practice  in  that  State,  and  re- 
mained there  for  about  one  year,  then  returned  to 
Huntingdon,  and  remained  in  his  lather's  office  till 
July,  1880,  when  he  went  to  Washington  City,  having 
been    aiM'ointed  assistant   to    the  :issistant  attorney- 

PHP  'wl^ 





general  who  had  charge  of  defending  claims  against 
the  United  States  in  the  Court  of  Claims.  In  Augnst. 
1882,  lie  returned  to  Huntingdon,  and  has  cuiitinuud 
in  practice  with  his  father. 

J.  F.  SniooK  was  born  in  Oneida  township,  llunt- 


IS  fa 

sliip.  J.  F.  Schock  was  educated  in  the  c.iinmon 
scliiiols  and  at  tlic  academy  at  Pine  <Trovc,  Centre 
Co.,  and  at  the  semiiuiry  at  \Villiams|iort,  Pa.,  and 
became  a  teaclicr  in  the  common  schools  himself, 
teacliin;^:  ij;raded  and  other  schools  ;  afterwards  studied 
law  in  the  nllice  of  Messrs.  Scott,  Brown  &  Bailey,  and 
was  admitted  tii  practice  in  the  several  courts  of  Hunt- 
ingdon County  on  the  20th  day  of  June,  1872.  After- 
wards he  was  appointed  deputy  prothonotary  under 
Thomas  W.  Myton,  and  also  under  his  successor, 
Lewis  M.  Stewart,  and  after  the  death  of  the  latter 
he  held  the  office  as  acting  prothonotary  for  a  month 
or  two,  until  a  successor  was  appointed. 

Mr.  Scliock  is  the  junior  partner  in  the  law  firm  of 
Myton  &  Schock. 

J.  Chalmers  Jackson,  son  of  George  Jackson,  a 
highly-respected  farmer  of  Jackson  township,  was 
born  in  said  township  on  the  11th  of  November, 
18-i7.  He  is  a  graduate  of  Jefferson  College,  of  the 
class  of  1871,  and  read  law  with  Messrs.  Petrikin  & 
Massey,  in  Huntingdon,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar 
on  the  11th  of  November,  1872. 

Mr.  Jackson  was  elected  district  attorney  in  1875 
for  the  term  of  three  years. 

L.  S.  (!i',issiN(iEii  was  born  in  Juniata  township  on 
the  ir.lh  of  fel.ruary,  1851.  He  is  the  sou  of  William 
Geissin.i;er,  an  imnored  farmer  of  that  township.  He 
was  educated  in  the  common  schools  of  Juniata  and 
Walker  districts,  at  Rainsburgsix  montlis,  six  months 
at  Millersville  Normal  School,  and  three  years  at  Mer- 
cersl)urg  College,  Franklin  Co.,  Pa.  He  studied  law 
in  Huntingdon  in  the  office  of  Messrs.  Scott,  Brown  & 
Bailey,  and  was  admitted  to  practice  in  the  several 
courts  of  tlie  county  on  the  15th  of  January,  1873. 

Mr.  Geissinger  was   appointed   notary  public   by 

Governor   Hartranft   in    1876,  and    reappointed   by 

Governor  Hoyt  in  1879,  and  United  States  commis- 

j         sioner  on  the  20th  of  March,  1882.     He  was  counsel 

\        for  the  county  commissioners  in  1876-78. 

1  George  B.  Orlady,  son  of  Dr.  Henry  Orlady,  was 

!         born  at  Petersburg,  Huntingdon  Co.,  Pa.,  on  the  22d 

I         of  February,  1850.     He  received  a  common   school 

education,  after  which  he  entered  the  State  Agricul- 

J        tural    College,   May  10,    1864,  entered    Bell's   Mills 

Academy  in  December,  1866,  and  Washington  and 

Jefferson  College,  Washington,  Pa.,  in  August,  1867, 

I        and  graduated  in  August,  1869.     Read  medicine  with 

I        his  father,  entered  Jefferson  Medical  College,  Phila- 

I        delphia,  in  September,  1869,  and  graduated  M.D.  in 

March,  1871.     Practiced    medicine   at   Petersburg  a 

!        short  time.     Studied  law  with  Samuel  S.  Blair,  Hol- 

I         iidaysburg,  and  was  admitted   to   the   bar   of   Blair 

I  County  in  January,  1875.    Came  to  Huntingdon,  and 

1  was  admitted  to  practice  in  the  several  cmirts  on  the 

2r;d   of  Mareli.  187.".,  and    continued    here   and  was 

elected  district   attorney  in   1S78,  and    re-elected  in 


W[[>liam  W.  Dorris,  son  of  William  Dorris, 
was  born  at  Huntingdon  on  the  of  March,  1852. 
After  attending  the  academy  at  home,  he  entered 
Mantua  Academy,  West  Philadelphia,  from  1868  to 
1870.  Entered  Lafayette  College,  class  of  1874,  at 
Easton,  Pa.,  and  remained  ihere  one  year.  Com- 
menced reading  law  in  the  office  of  his  father  and 
witli  George  B.  Orlady,  and  was  admitted  to  tlie  bar 
on  the  12th  of  April,  1876.  He  continues  in  tlie  office 
with  his  father. 

Alexander  Augustus  Ani)ei:sox,  son  of  the  late 
[  John  P.  Anderson,  was  born  at  Huntingdon  on  the 
I  23d  of  April,  1854.  Studied  law  with  William  Dor- 
ris, in  Huntingdon,  and  was  admitted  to  practice 
j  in  the  several  courts  of  Huntingdon  County  on  the 
12th  of  April,  1876,  also  admitted  to  the  Philadelphia 
I  bar  in  January,  1877,  and  opened  an  office  there  for 
a  short  time,  but  returned  again  to  his  native  town. 

Samuel  L.  Glasgow  was  born  in  the  year  1827, 
in  Huntingdon  County  (now  Blair),  near  the  spot 
where  the  city  of  Altoona  afterwards  assumed  a  name 
and  a  place  on  the  map  of  the  State  and  nation.  He 
graduated  from  Pennsylvania  College,  Gettysburg,  in 
1849.  Afterwards  taught  the  high  school  in  Williams- 
burg, Blair  Co.,  Pa.  Read  law  in  Huntingdon,  in  the 
office  of  Andrew  P.  Wilson,  and  was  admitted  Jan.  13, 
1852.  After  being  at  the  bar  a  while  he  left  it  and 
followed  other  pursuits,  but  resumed  the  law  after 
being  examined  and  again  admitted  on  the  16th  of 
June,  1877. 

Davis  G.  Zeigler,  son  of  Adam  Zei^ler,  was 
born  at  Marklesburg,  Huntingdon  Co.,  Pa.,  on  the 
12th  of  February,  1850,  educated  in  common  schools 
and  Huntingdon  Academy,  and  one  year  at  Ursinus 

He  read  law  in  Huntingdon,  with  Messrs.  Brown 
&  Bailey,  and  was  admitted  to  practice  on  the  10th 
of  April,  1878. 

B.  J.  Devor  was  born  in  Path  Valley,  Franklin 
Co.,  Pa.,  on  the  29th  of  October,  1829,  was  educated 
in  the  common  and  select  schools  in  all  the  English 
branches.  He  also  studied  geometry,  surveying,  and 
civil  engineering,  and  is  a  practical  surveyor.  He 
also  studied  theology,  and  was  examined  before  the 
board  of  examination  of  applicants  to  the  ministry 
met  at  Johnstown,  Pa.,  and  was  admitted  to  that 
body  of  ministers  of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ's 
Church,  Allegheny  Conference,  Pennsylvania. 

Mr.  Devor  read  law  with  H.  E.  Shaffer,  Mount 
Union,  and  was  examined  and  admitted  to  the  bar  at 
Huntingdon  on  the  26th  of  November,  1878.  He 
has  an  office  in  Mount  Union,  and  docs  some  survey- 
ing in  connection  with  his  legal  |)racliec. 

James  A.   Fleming;,  son  of  .lame,   Fleming,  late 



of  the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  ilcceasod,  and  brother 
of  Samuel  E.  Fleming,  was  born  at  Manor  Hill, 
Jan.  -22,  1856,  educated  at  tin-  llnntiiiL'don  Academy 
anil  Chaniber.sburg  Academy,  read  law  in  Hunting- 
don  »ith  K.  Milton  Speer,  :uid  was  :,d,i,itl.  d  t..  the 
bar  on  the  18th  of  August,  ls7;i.  .Air.  Fleming  is  an 
accomplished  phonographer. 

L.  H.  Beers  was  born  in  Cromwell  township, 
Huntingdon  Co.,  on  the  2r)tU  of  August,  l.s.02.  He 
received  his  education  in  the  common  schools  and  at 
Milnwood  Academy,  Shade  Gap,  Allegheny  Semi- 
nary, Bedford,  and  at  Dickinson  Seminary,  Wil- 
liamsport,  I'a.,  and  graduated  at  the  last-named  insti- 
tution. He  studied  law  in  Huntingdon,  in  the  office 
of  Messrs.  Brown  &  Bailey,  and  was  admitted  to  the 
baron  the  2()th  of  September,  ISTH. 

Joii>f  D.  DoRRis,  second  son  of  William  Dor- 
ris,  was  born  at  Huntingdon,  Pa.,  Oct.  14,  lSo8,  and 
was  educated  at  the  Huntingdon  Academy  and  at  La 
fayette  College,  Easton,  from  which  he  graduated 
June  26,  1878;  studied  law  with  his  father  in  Hunt- 
ingdon, and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  Huntingdon 
County  on  the  27th  of  September,  1880. 

Ch.\rles  G.  Brown,  son  of  Samuel  T.  Brown, 
was  born  at  Huntingdon  on  the  10th  day  of  July, 
1858.  After  attending  private  and  select  schools  he 
entered  tlie  Huntingdon  Academy,  then  in  charge  of 
Professor  James  A.  Stephens,  and  there  prepared  for 
college,  entered  the  freshman  class  at  Lafayette  Col- 
lege, Easton,  Pa.,  and  pursued  the  regular  classical 
course  for  four  years,  gradiuiting  in  June,  1879,  with 
the  degree  of  A.B.  He  then  entered  the  law-office 
of  Messrs.  Brown  &  Bailey,  in  Huntingdon,  as  a 
law  student,  and  after  the  usual  course  of  study  and 
the  prescribed  time  was  admittc(l  to  ]iractice  on  the 
nth  of  April,  1881,  and  on  the  1st  of  January  fol- 
lowing became  associated  as  a  partner  with  his  father 



■Av  .".th  of  October,  18">ii 
OH  in  schools,  and  taugh 
ir-,  registered  its  a  law  St 
l!ailcy  on  the  l>t  of  .\ 
to  the  bar  on  the  -.'.".th  i 


President  Judge  Taylor,  was  born  at  Huntingdon, 
Aug.  25,  1853,  educated  at  the  common  and  select 
schools  and  academy  at  Huntingdon  and  Mantua 
Academy,  Philadelphia,  read  law  with  Hon.  J.  R. 
Ludlow,  in  Philadelphia,  and  with  his  father  in  Hun- 
tingiliin,  also  attended  law  lectures  at  L'niversity  of 
Pennsylvania  :  ailmitted  to  the  bar  in  Linn  County, 
Iowa,  Jan.  11,  lS7i),  and  to  the  bar  of  Huntingdon 
County  Oct.  1,  1882. 

H.  H.  ^V.iITE  was  born  in  Tyrone  townshii>,  Blair 
Co.,  ,Jan.  27,  1852.  His  parents  removed  to  War- 
rior's Mark  township,  Huntingdon  Co.,  in  1859. 
He  received  a  common-school  education,  and  subse- 
quently followed  the  profe.ssion  of  teacher  for  nine 
years.  He  read  law  with  George  B.  Orlady,  and  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  Jan.  8,  1SS.3. 

Harry  A.  Browx,  son  of  James  A.  Brown,  was 
born  March  30,  1861,  in  the  borough  of  Huntingdon. 
Was  educated  at  the  public  schools  and  the  academy 
in  his  native  borough,  and  afterwards  attended  La- 
fayette College.  Read  law  in  the  office  of  Messrs. 
Pirown  &  Bailey,  and  was  admitted  to  practice  in  the 
courts  of  Huntingdon  County,  Jan.  8,  1883. 



military  service  of  the  province,  before  the 
ion  of  Independence,  there  were  a  number 
s  connected  with  the  territory  now  composing 
don  and  Blair,  either  as  residents  for  a  time, 
vners   of  land    therein.      (Jf   these   niav    be 



TJC.  Fii-st  BiitWIiii, 

to  iidjutiut. 
Demn/s  Com 

Howard  E.  Bctz  was  born  near  Allen 
high  Co.,  Pa.,  Nov.  30,  1859,  cducate<l  in  t 
schools  of  Reading,  and  after  graduating 
same,  entered  Union  Seminary,  at  New  11 
where  upwards  of  three  years  more  were  s| 
quiring  an  English  and  classical  educati 
mcnccil    to    read    law    with    i:iclim,„,d    L. 


1,  Le- 




n   the 

Ungli  Mercer,  c;ipt.;  Tho 
iiwfiini.  i-nsigti  of  Hiiniiltoii 
,  E.lwiirJ  Waril,  .■Hl.t. 

regiment,  consisting  of  three 
d     In-     Lieutenant-Governor 

with  Messrs.  IVtr 
was  admitted  to 
Mr.  But/,  i.s  at  p 
Huntinr,dnn  GM„ 
William    S.  1 

le  nig  Spring  tract  at  McConnellstowii,  Land  . 
,   part  of  tlie  laml   in   tlie  Fourtli   W-anl,  Hu 



Pirsl  BallaUm. 
1758.  May  S,  TliomnsSniallman,  q.m. 
n.-i7.  Dec.  4,  Hiisli  Mercer,  capt. 

17.'iS.  Miircli  U,  [iiigh  Crawford,  ensign  of  Hamilton's  company. 
17:i7.  Dec.  13,  Edward  Ward,  capt.    1759.  April  2li,  maj.  of  Tliird  Bat- 

Second  Battalion. 
1758.  Jan.  9,  Asher  Clayton,  capt.;  q.m.  June  8tll ;  wounded  at  Grant's 

1759.  March, 

III  1760,  Api-il  12th,  Asher  Clayton  was  major  of 
the  First  Battalion  ;  April  13th,  Hugh  Mercer,  colo- 
nel, and  Thomas  Suiallman,  major  of  the  Second 

Tlie  Pennsijlmnia  Regiment.— Second  Battalion. 
1763.  July    2,    Asher    Clayton,    capt.     1704.  July   2,    lieut.-col.  com- 

In  August,  176-t,  the  regiment  mustered  912  men. 
Lieut. -Col.  Chivton's  company  contained  47,  and 
Capt.  John  Brady's,  48. 

The  Revolution. — The  oppressions  and  exactions 
of  the  mother-country  were  becoming  more  and  more 
odious  to  the  people,  and  were  acting  as  educators 
to  prepare  the  colonists  for  the  impending  contest, 
which,  under  Providence,  was  to  result  in  their  eman- 
cipation from  foreign  rule.  At  a  meeting  of  deputies 
chosen  by  the  people  of  the  several  counties,  held  at 
Philadelphia,  July  15, 1774,  in  which  Bedford  County 
was  represented  by  George  Woods,  the  Boston  port 
bill  and  other  Parliamentary  measures  affecting  the 
people  of  the  colonies  were  denounced,  and  a  cou-  of  deputies  from  the  several  colonies  to  consult 
together  and  adopt  some  measures  for  the  relief  of 
grievances  recommended.  In  the  Assembly,  June 
30,  1775,  it  was  resolved  "That  this  House  approves 
the  association  entered  into  by  the  good  people  of 
this  colony  for  the  defense  of  their  lives,  liberties, 
and  property."  A  Committee  of  Safety,  consisting 
of  twenty-five  citizens,  was  appointed  and  authorized 
to  call  into  actual  service  such  number  of  the  asso- 
ciators  as  they  may  judge  proper.  Organizations  of 
"  associators"  were  formed  in  most,  if  not  all,  the 
counties.  The  committee  organized  July  3d  by  the 
choice  of  Benjamin  Franklin,  president.  Congress, 
July  18th,  recommended  that  all  able-bodied  effective 
men  between  sixteen  and  fifty  years  of  age  should 
immediately  form  themselves  into  companies  of  mi- 
litia, to  consist  of  one  captain,  two  lieutenants,  one 
ensign,  four  sergeants,  four  corporals,  one  clerk,  one 
drummer,  one  fifer,  and  about  sixty-eight  privates. 
The  companies  to  be  formed  into  regiments  or  bat- 
talions, officered  with  a  colonel,  lieutenant-colonel, 
two  majors,  and  an  adjutant  or  quartermaster.  All 
officers  above  the  rank  of  captain  to  be  appointed  by 
the  provincial  authorities. 

Congress,  June  14,  177"),  authorized  the  raising  of 

six  companies  of  expert  riflemen  in  Pennsylvania, 
two  in  Maryland,  and  two  in  Virginia,  to  join  the 
afmy  near  Boston.  On  the  22d  the  "  colony  of  Penn- 
sylvania" was  directed  to  raise  two  more  companies, 
making  eight  in  all,  which  were  to  be  formed  into  a 
battiilion.  Lancaster  County  furnished  two  companies 
instead  of  one,  and  thus  the  battalion,  which  was  com- 
manded by  Col.  William  Thompson,  was  swollen  to 
nine  companies.  Besides  the  companies  from  Lan- 
caster there  were  two  from  Cumberland,  and  one 
from  each  of  the  counties  of  York,  Northuniberland, 
Bedford,  Berks,  and  Northampton.  This  command 
passed  the  Hudson  above  West  Point  about  the  1st 
of  August,  and  a  few  days  thereafter  reached  Cam- 
bridge. Thacher,  in  his  "Military  Journal  of  the 
Kevolution,"  under  date  of  August,  1775,  thus  de- 
scribes this  battalion  : 

hardy  men,  many  of  them  exceeding 
3d  in  white  frocks  or  rifle-shirts  and 
round  hats.  These  men  are  remarkahle  for  the  accuracy  of  their  aim, 
striking  a  mark  with  great  certainty  at  two  hundred  yards' distance. 
At  a  review,  a  company  of  them,  while  on  a  quick  advance,  fired  their 
halls  into  objects  of  seven  inches  diameter  at  the  distance  of  two  hun- 
dred and  fifty  yards.  They  are  now  stationed  in  our  lines,  and  their 
shot  have  frequently  proved  fatal  to  British  oificers  and  soldiers  who 
expose  themselves  to  view,  even  at  more  than  duuhle  the  distance  of 
common  musket-shot." 

By  a  return  made  at  Cambridge  on  the  18th  of 
August,  three  field-officers,  nine  captains,  twenty- 
seven  lieutenants,  the  adjutant,  quartermaster,  sur- 
geon, and  mate,  twenty-nine  sergeants,  thirteen  drum- 
mers and  fifers,  and  seven  hundred  and  thirteen  rank 
and  file  were  present  fit  for  duty.  This  battalion  was 
designated  the  Second  Regiment  (and  after  Jan.  1, 
1776,  the  First  Regiment)  "  of  the  army  of  the  United 
Colonies,  commanded  by  His  Excellency  George  Wash- 
ington, Esquire,  general  and  commander-in-chief." 
Two  of  the  companies — one  from  Lancaster  and  one 
from 'Cumberland — were  ordered  to  join  the  detach- 
ment sent  under  Arnold  to  Quebec.  The  battalion 
was  stationed  on  Prospect  Hill,  and  subsequently  on 
Cobble  Hill.  At  it  was  under  the  command  of 
Gen.  Lee,  but  subsequently  became  a  part  of  Gen. 
Putnam's  department.  The  British  abandoned  Bos- 
ton March  17th,  and  soon  after  the  regiment,  under 
Lieut.-Col.  Hand,  marched  to  New  York,  and  was 
stationed  at  New  Utrecht  during  May  and  June. 
The  term  of  enlistmml  was  for  one  year,  and  would 
.soon  expire.  Wasliiuiitnii  wrote  the  |)rr~idcnt  nf 
Congress  on  the  22d  ol  .Vpril  Irmii  New  Y'ork, — 

"The  time  for  which  the  ritlemen  enlisted  will  expire  on  the  1st  uf 
July  next,  and  as  the  hiss  of  such  avaluahle  and  brave  boily  r.f  men  will 
be  of  great  injury  to  the  service,  I  would  submit  it  to  the  rori.^iileratinn 
of  Congress  whether  it  would  nut  he  best  to  adopt  .«onn'  to  in- 
dut-e  them  to  continue.  Tliey  are,  indeed,  a  very  useful  corps,  but  I 
need  not  mention  this,  as  their  importance  is  already  kiioun  tu  the 

On  the  1st  day  of  July  this  body  entered  its  second 
term  of  service  as  the  "  First  Pennsylvania  Regi- 
ment" of  the  Continental  line.  The  enlistment  was 
for    two    years,    but    was    siihsec|uently    changed   to 

HISKJRV  OF  ih:ntingdox  county,  pkx.nsvi.vaxia. 

'MuriM- the  war."     Ool.  Ihm.l  wrote  in 


M,.-],,,,,.  Iiu,,.. 


asking'  liini  to  reeommciid  (■>  Coii-r, -~ 

the  appoint- 

11. n.i.,,i.i,.rii, 

meat  <if  a  major  for  his  re.ujiimnt.  ami  l-.r 

ing  iiiloniKf- 

.Mctl..l,;,l.l,  l';,l, 


tiori  nameilliis captains  aeeordini;  to  lan 

k.a-  lollow>: 

.McFarhu.o.  Tli, 


liobert  Clugage,  Mattianv  Smith.  Janie^ 
Miller,  Charles  Craig,  James   Crier,   U 

];o-s,  llenrv 
i.,vi.l    1  [arris. 

Jlantiuin,  Ihim 
Millar.  Mirluiu: 


u'!iI!Vron'.r'''''a   "h"  erVnnes    To 

>s,    the'    tliird 

I'i.m,  l!i.l..Ml. 
I'llts.  .l..tu,. 

eai.lain.    to    the    |,o,itioa     ol     major.       ( 
Smilh,  learniu-  liiat   a  junior  .■.•.|.tain   1 

lad'heen   ap- 

l'l""il'.S,i 1. 


poiiite,!   over  them.  re-igtie.l   on   tlf  Ctl 
Cai.t.   <'liiLia-e-s   ,liLriiilie.|    re-i-iiatioti. 

1   ..f  Uetoher. 
whieh    is   ae- 

Sh.-li.ii,.  Tl,..m:i 

com|.aiii.-.l  with    hearty  wi-lie~  lor  llie   ~ 

Ure,.-sof   the 

.sinionton.  .\les 


caii.e,  will  he   louml  in  -  Force-   .Vrehi- 

, .-,"  oih  ser.. 

Sniilh,  Eumniie 


vol.ii.|.a^e!llil.'     Thi.  reginutil   |,artiei 

I!e<i.le<    tlio: 

ous   iKiltl,.,  .hint,-  the  eoutimianee  of  1 

lie  war  ii|>  to 

e  in: 

ime-   .appear   in   the   al.ove 
■r  |.ei-o,i<  reMdiiigin  "Old 
Iluiitiii-do,,--  wlio  |,artieipated  in  the   Kevokitionary 
KOt,L  OF  c.\l'T.  ROBERT  OLUO.MiKs  coMi'ANY.  sl  ru-Lxle.     S.iiie  enlisted   here   aiul  never  returned; 

M,  Roi„.rt  Clusago;  rirst  Lieutfiiiini,  .i-h,,  nimini-  ,ith(  r- joi  tied  eomii, and- raised  elsewhere,  and  became 
I,  1-' I-'-.  "  ']• .',  'i,'|.,  I'i  ■  !■  11  I  I  ■  i'  '  ■ii'ii'  Thiiciii-ii  eitizeii-  liere  ai'ti'rwar.l-.  Of  tlie  hitter,  iliose  named 
Li^lWuj':„uu'IC''':^"'^  "  '•'■■  r  '.  '■'  '  "  ,'l  l„'!n..„ai,";  h.'low  werere-ideiils  ill  ISJO,  and  applied  fir  l.eiishms 
rsc-ant-.  K.n-  II   ■  :■       '■■         ■  ..  M..n  ,„.i ,  li;,vi.i      uiider  t  he  aet  of  (/on-re-s  ,  ,a-se.l  March  1  S,  LS 1 S  : 

P,1.  Uci;t. 

3.  Rol.LTt  UmiUiri.  ;,-.■.!  (o  ;  .Mili-lr,!  for  tlic  war  in  Ciipt.  Bette's  com- 

IKiiiy,  Tlh  .Mil.  Ri-t. 

4.  Joliii  Trv,.«,..  eiili-l.-.l  .\liril  20,  1776,  in  Oii.t,  Henry  Slinde's  cnminny 

0.  Alpxancl'-r  Caniplii-ll,  aged  73;  served  three  years  in  Ciipt.  Thomas 


1,  Thomas. 


r,  George. 






I,  Stephen. 




T,  Pl,ihl,.» 


,van,  .James. 





n,  .■\le.\aijdiT. 




n,  James. 


,  John. 


g.  Cornelius. 


in,  William." 

G.  Alexander  King,  aged  (iS;  enlisted  in  177G  in  Cajit.  Henry  Darl.y's 

■esap's  company  of  Maryland. 

mens.  Warrior's  Marl;  township,  aged  02;  enli-ted   in 

■s  M  .xw.lfs  r..m|iany,  I'nl.  Shreeve's  regiment  .New  Jer- 

;\        \      1,  ., ill  e  I, lined  his  c.miimny;  drafted 

;.  aged  (m;  iMilisted  Jan.  S,  177G,  in  Capt.  Craig's 
:.]  I'a.  liatt.;  wonnded. 

1  W;L-hington  Connty 


1777  in  Capt.  Henry  Bicke 

'J  in   Haserstown   February, 
ny,  1st  Md.  Regt. ;  discliarged 

iiediately  rejui 

.  9, 1811,  in  his  5r,th    year,  was 
Islim.l,  Ans.  2S,  1770,  and  after 

■24,  Joli 
25.  I'.ti 

'apt.  Kicliard  Brown's 

1     I,    J  ,    .i-rl,arged  July  11, 177G; 

111'  IN   M e's  company  uf  the  l:Jtli 

ti.  llie  -id  Kegt,  and  discharged  No- 
-  i|  Long  Island,  White  Plains,  Tren- 

licutenant  in   Capt.  Clngage's  com- 

sliip,  aged  63;  went  out  in  militia 
I  nfterwai'ds  was  in'Capt.  Richard 
t  .and  served  three  years;  was  in 

•  iilisted  in  Capt.  Thomas  Church's 
inn,  and  suhsequently  attached  to  tlio 

.  Deitrich  Onrhand  (Au 

ndt),  aged  60  in  1818  ;  enlisteil  by  Lieut. 
t.,  Cnl.  Walter  Stewart,  and  after  the 
I  '1  til  Capt.  John  Bankson's  company 

31.  Isaac  Kosel.rough,  blacksmith,  aged  63  in  1S23;  enlisted  in  1770,  in 
Capt,  James  Mooi-e's  company,  4Ih  Pa.  Battalion. 

32.  David  Nicholson,  tailor,  aged  C5  in  182:);  enlisted  in  the  spring  of 
177(5  in  Capt.  James  Dunn's  company,  Del.  Regt.;  re-enlisted  in 
Capt.  Robert  Kirkwood's  company  for  one  year.  Was  in  the  battles 
of  Trenton  and  Princeton,  and  in  several  small  engagements  with 

The  remains  of  four  111'  I  111-  suldicrs  named  in  the 
preceding  list,  to  wit:  Ak-xamlor  King,  J<ihn  Irvine, 
James  Duncan,  and  Martin  Ghilnuigh,  who  died  June 
15,  1822,  aged  about  eighty,  rest  in  the  Huntingdon 
cemetery.  It  is  also  the  place  of  interment  of  other 
Revohitioiiarv  soldier,^,  to  wit: 

■  •  lie  died  Wcdnesd,ay,  Aug,  29.  1«:{2.  and  was  buried  with  appropriate 

]         military  honors  l,y  the   Hnntingdim  Volunteers  on  Thursday.     He  en- 
i         listed  at  an  ciirly  age,  ami  participated  in  the  battles  at  Trenton,  Prince- 

John  Dorland,  who  died  Aug.  9, 1813. 

Andrew  Henderson,  who  died  June  21, 1812,  in  his  .".Ist  year,  at  the  age  of 

17,  was  appointed  an  officer,  and  served  until  the  close  of  the  war. 

(See  Bench  and  Bar  of  Huntingdon  County) 

There  were  many  other  participants  in  the  struggle 
for  independence  who  resided  at  the  time  of  their 
death  in  the  two  counties,  and  it  is  to  be  regretted 
that  their  names  have  not  been  obtained. 

Pursuant  to  the  resolutions  of  ado]ited 
July  18,  1775,  and  the  regulations  of  the  Council  of 
Safety  made  in  conformity  therewith,  John  Piper 
became  colonel  of  the  Bedford  County  battalion. 

Congress,  May  15,  1776,  in  resolutions  adopted,  de- 
clared it  to  be  irreconcilable  to  reason  and  good  con- 
science for  the  colonists  to  take  the  oaths  required  for 
the  support  of  the  government  under  the  crown  of 
Great  Britain.  They  also  declared  it  necessary  that 
the  exercise  of  every  kind  of  authority  under  the 
crown  should  be  suppressed,  and  all  the  powers  of 
government  exerted  "  under  the  authority  of  the  peo- 
ple of  the  colonies  for  the  preservation  of  internal 
peace,  virtue,  and  good  order,  as  well  as  for  the  de- 
fense of  their  lives,  liberties,  and  properties,  against 
the  hostile  invasions  and  cruel  depredations  of  their 

Copies  of  the  resolution  of  Congress  were  trans- 
mitted to  the  battalion  officers,  and  by  them  to  the 
captains  of  companies  within  their  respective  com- 
mands. In  tearing  down  the  old  Simpson  mansion,  a 
log  and  weather-boarded  house  that  stood  on  the 
northwestern  corner  of  Penn  and  Second  Streets  in 
the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  a  letter  was  found,  July 
13,  1876,  from  Capt.  (afterwards  Gen.)  McAlevy, 
addre.ssed, — 

John  Piper  of  the 
Batalion  in  Bedford 

of  which  the  following  is  a  copy  : 

"  Colonel  Piper 
Respected  sir  : 
"  I  take  the  pleasure  to  Acquaint  you  that  on  th 
instant  at  a  full  meeting  of  my  Company  that  I  made  tin 
Congress  of  the  flfteenth  of  May  fully  kiujwii  to  them.    / 
mously  Gave  me  their. opinions  that  all  Powers  anil  an 
from  the  Crown  of  Great  Britain  Shoulil  be  totily  Diss' 
fully  Resolved  to  Risk  all  that  is  Dear  and  valnabb-. 
"I  am  sir  your  Most  Humble  Servant, 

'■  Willi, 

In   December,  1770.  tin 
eral  battalions  of  militia  \ 

f  the  sev- 
le  Council 


heir  com 


Of  tl 

IS   HoUi, 
■ol.  PilH. 

r  inf.-ri 

iie.l  tl 

to  march  witli   tlieir  "Battalions  to  succor  General 

Washington."     From  the  meagre  records  remaining 

it  appears  that  Capts.  William   McAlevy,  Clugage, 

and  Parker  responded  with 

first-named   company  Tho 

On  the  of  that  monll 

Committee  of  Safety  that,  |iin--uimt  to  tlir 

ceived,  a  number  of  men  an-  now  on  the  n 

account  of  the  depth  of  the  snuw  it  was  c 

the  men  to  assemble  in  oni-  body,  and  b 

gave   each    captain   orders   to   march    his  and  best  way  to  I'hiladelpliia. 

On  March  17,  1777,  an  act  wa^  pa^-ed 
the  militia  of  the  conimoinvealth.  by  wliic 
ident  of  the  Supreme  Executive  Council  v 
ized  to  appoint  one  lieutenant  and  not  mor 
sub-lieutenants  in  each  county,  and  pro 
made  for  organizing  the  n 
the  ages  of  eighteen  and  fifty-three 
and  battalions,  as  well  as  the  adoption  of  a  general 
strict  military  code.  In  1780  another  militia  law  was  , 
passed  supplanting  the  enactment  of  1777.  l>ut  re- 
taining many  of  the  provisions  of  the  former  laws. 
The  office  of  subdieutenant  was  abolished  after  April 
1,  17S3.'  Under  the  first-mentioned  acts  the  officers 
of  Bedford  County,  prior  to  the  erection  of  Hunting- 
don, were : 

han  five 
ion  was 
bitants  between 
into  companies 

.luiiii : 


1  M;ir 

cli  21,  177T. 


c.  A.lunan,  app, 

Nov,  -21,  17 


e  Woods, 

appointed  S 

;-!pt.  17,  17S^  Bi.u! 



am  1  .it  ■ 

11  !■,  li    ■!    1 


m  II.  : 

\l  ,,,  1,  ..| 


D:)V|i|..  1 

,   .,|  1 

II,.,   , 

M.nrl,  ■■]     1 



»,  :i].li. 


Mar.  h  21    ' 


,s  U,-i^  .•, 


led  S- 

j't.  12,  1777. 

tached  from  this  place,  were  with  Col.  Keilson  ;  the 
whole,  otticers  and  men,  both  belonging  to  that  county 
and  the  militia  of  this  State,  behaved  with  great 
bravery,  such  as  would  do  honor  to  veteran  soldiers." 
On  the  18th  of  May,  1781,  Lieutenant  George  Ash- 
man and  his  sub-lieutenants  divided  Bedford  County 
into  three  battalions.  The  townships  of  Dublin. 
Shirley,  Barree,  Hopewell,  Frankstown,  and  Hunt- 
ingdon, then  embracing  all  of  the  area  now  consti- 
tuting Huntingdon  and  Blair  and  part.s  of  adjoining 
counties,  composed  one  battalion,  and  the  other  part 

the  cour 

eighteen  and  fit 

two.  The  citizens  of 
ity  numbered  fourteen 
•')  the  white  male  in- 
between  the  ages  of 

spector  l.ii 

An  act 

the  militi 

vided  for  i 

der  was  c..mniis.M„ne.l  brigade  in- 
n-don CoiHity  April  11,  1793, 
.Vpril  9,  1799,  materially  changed 
11  'if  the  commonwealth,  and  |iro- 
complete  and  efficient  organization. 
The  white  male  inhabitants  between  the  ages  of 
eighteen  and  forty-five,  made  subjects  of  military 
duty,  were  arranged  into  divisions,  brigades,  regi- 
ments, battalions,  and  companies.  MifHin  and  Hunt- 
ingdon Counties  formed  a  division,  the  Tenth.  The 
regiments  of  this  county  were  numbered  as  follows: 
the  one  commanded  by  Lieut. -Col.  Moore,  No.  14; 
Lieut.-Col.  Fee's,  No.  33;  Lieut.-Col.  Cromwell's,  No. 
41);  Licut.-C.,I.  nollid'ay's.  No.  .x8 ;  and  Lieut.-Col. 
Spencer's,  No.  1  l;i,  Prnvi^ion  was  made  forarranging 
the  oflicers  and  iiim  into  chn-es  iireparatorv  to  drafts 

med  officers  were  c 
The  elections  held 

Firsl  i^.l/^^/ion.-Colonel,  .<iiiilli ;  captains,,  Tissue,  Oli- 
vor  Drake;  first  liputenant.s,  Cliristy  Agc-ncy,  William  Sicliolls; 
si-rond  lieutt^nauts,  Georgi-  Bniner,  Henry  .Vl.ranis;  ensigns.  George 

tain.  Samuel  Tlmni 
of  a  runt. .1,111. 'lit 

at  Prii 

by  \Va>l 
iciiMn  al 

writing  iiiidrr  dii 

tc  c.f  !• 

It    of  :i 

'rli.   1<,   1 

preceding  niudit  1 


1  a  party 




No.   : 



..f  M; 

•t  lit  .Vjiril  9,  1.SII7,  made  further  changes, 
don,  Mifflin,  and  Centre  were  united  in  one 

and  numbered  the  Eleventh.  The  com- 
s  of  the  Huntingdon  County  regiments  at 
.'  were:  N...   14.   Lieut. -CI,    .lanics   :\Ioore ; 

Lieut. -Cnl.     Andrew    lleiider.nn  :     X...    4lj, 

2II:  No.  .-..^,  l,i.-nt.-Col. 
.■Col,  .lanu-  Kntivkin. 
v.r.' named  for  tlu- month 
n  Ortobcr,  on  which  all 
itary  duty  were  required 
:ive  companies,  or  in  de- 
nt of  a  fine.  The  officers 
ipany  were  arranged  into 
became  necessarv  to  call 

.  152. 

WAR   OP    1812. 

any  part  of  the  force  into  actual  service,  the  requisi- 
tion was  made  for  one  or  more  classes  as  necessity  re- 
quired. Although  changes  were  made  from  time  to 
time  in  the  militia  system  of  the  commonwealth,  the 
main  features  of  this  enactment  were  retained  until 
the  militia  establishment  was  dissolved  in  1849.  In  the 
war  of  1812  a  call  for  militia  required  William  Mor- 
ris,' cai)taiii  of  the  first  company  of  the  Thirty-third 
Regiment,  to  march  with  classes  called  upon.  He 
was  then  imprisoned  for  debt.  The  captain  of  the 
second  company,  James  Simpson,  took  his  place  and 
marched  the  men  to  Alexandria,  the  place  of  rendez- 
vous for  tlie  militia  called  from  this  section.  Before 
the  dei)urtnre  of  the  command  fur  Erie,  Capt.  Morris 
was  released  from  prison,  assumed  his  place,  and 
served  in  the  army  with  great  credit. 

The  regimental  training  places  in  1803  and  1812 
were : 

Fourteenth  Regiment,  Mr.  Porter's,  near  Birming- 
ham ;  Thirty-third  Regiment,  Huntingdon;  Forty- 
sixtli  Regiment,  Gaven  CRigage's,  near  Bedford 
Furnace;  Fifty-eighth  Regiment,  Hollidaysburg; 
One  Hundred  and  Nineteenth  Regiment,  Jacob 
Grove's,  Woodcock  Valley. 

War  of  1812.— On  Monday,  May  4,  181'2,  the 
"  Huntingdon  Light  Infantry,"  a  volunteer  company 
officered  by  Robert  Allison,  captain,  and  Jacob  Mil- 
ler, first  lieutenant,  voted  unanimously  to  tender 
their  services  to  the  President  in  the  then  impending 
war  with  Great  Britain,  more  than  a  month  in  ad- 
vance of  the  formal  declaration  of  war,  which  was 
issued  June  18th.  It  is  to  be  regretted  that  a  list  of 
the  members  of  this  company  cannot  be  obtained. 
The  tender  was  accepted,  and  on  Monday,  September 
7th,  tlie  company  marched  from  Huntingdon  to  Ni- 
agara via  Petersburg,  Spruce  Creek  Valley,  and  Belle- 
fonte,  and  reached  Bufl^alo  on  the  2d  of  October. 

Governor  Snyder,  by  general  orders  dated  May 
12th,  directed  a  draft,  in  the  manner  prescribed  by 
law,  of  fourteen  thousand  militia,  to  be  formed  into 
two  divisions,  four  brigades,  and  twenty-two  regi- 
ments. The  quota  of  the  Eleventh  Division,  Hunt- 
ingdon, Mifflin,  and  Centre  Counties,  was  as  follows  : 

First  Brijiifie.— Artillery 13 

Cavalry 1:1 

lufautry  aud  rifle  corps 2-9 


Second  Brigade.— An\\\ery 21 

Cavalry  21 

Infantry  aud  rifle  corps 3K9 

On  the  9th  of  June,  Moses  Canan,  captain  of  "The 
Juniata  Volunteers,"  a  light  infantry  company  shortly 
before  organized  at  Alexaildria,  and  attached  to  the 
One  Hundred  and  Nineteenth  Regiment,  tendered  the 
services  of  the  company  to  the  Governor,  and  some 
time  later,  Isaac  Vandevander,  captain  of  a  rifle  com- 
pany at  McConnellstowu,  and  Jacob  Vanderbelt,  also 

1  He  resided  on  lot  Nos.  420  and  422  Penn  Street. 

a  captain  of  a  rifle  company,  also  tendered  the  ser- 
vices of  their  respective  commands.  The  Governor, 
in  general  orders,  dated  respectively  August  2.'5th  and 
September  5th,  accepted  these  companies.  The  com- 
panies of  Capts.  Canan  and  Vandevander  marched 
from  Alexandria  for  Meadville,  Friday,  September 


The  rolls  of  two  of  the  drafted  companies  from 
Huntingdon  County,  as  they  stood  in  November, 
1813,  are  as  follows : 






e  5tli 

;  J 

hii  Mcllr 





vp,  pn 

John  Galbraith,  pro.  from  pri' 

Kflly,  William. 
Gntrie,  William. 
McCamnion,  John. 
Dean,  George. 
Ewing,  David. 
Dearmet,  William. 
Thom-TOii,  Matthew. 
Sli..ii|.,  Gi-or-e. 

McGifBn,  Samuel. 
Flenner,  Jonathan. 
Strong,  Daniel. 


Kimberlin,  Henry. 
Duncan,  Daniel,  dis 
Nelson,  William. 
Walls,  Jacob. 
Cornelius,  Jacob. 

Fitzimons,  Henry. 

Scott,  Jol 
Ilewct,  II 

Griffin,  Jiiliii 
Irwin,  Samn 
Forsley,  Tho 
Kint,  Nicliol 
Fleming,  J,.l 
Kalston,  Tlw 


Dun,  John,  disch.  Sept. 


11. .Ih    .   \\lli ,     !:- 

Stewart,  William,  disch 

Nov.  5. 

Dui.i;hcrlv,  IMnaid. 

Thomson,  Rees. 

Clemens,  Itobert. 

Getties,  Kol.ert. 

Stewart,  John,  .liscli 

McKcehau,  Davi.I,  died  lotli. 

llavvkenbery,  Adam 

Sw.t.,  Jac.,1.. 

Johnson,  Anthony,  o 

T.iyb.r.  William  Wilson 

the  end  of  term. 

Bangher,  Henry. 

BoweroocU,  Jacob. 

I.cmu.x,  John. 



Hyte,  James,  disch.  Oct 


cmarks  set  opposite  the 

rue,  and  the 
:s,  Vojilain. 


Jtiiiri,  Eilmuiiil  Tipt..ii;  Kii^t  Lieutenant,  John  McCabe;  Second 
Lieutenant,  I-nao  Vantrccs;  Tliiid  Lieutenant,  John  Cox;  Fourth 
Lieutenant.  Cliii.«tiin  Henliiiger;  KnsiKU,  Patrick  Madilen  :  Ser- 
geants, J.>lin  Calderwood,  Benjamin  SlcCune,  Jesse  Jloore,  Peler 
Hevvit,  Jacob  Shafer;  Corporals,  Jauies  ftlalhers,  Tlionias  Rees, 
Abraham  Law,  James  Parks,  Zailuclv  Westover;  Drummer,  Elisha 

Langlilin,  Ilugli. 
Parlier,  Ira. 
Walls,  Jonathan. 

TliompsDU,  Will: 
HnnU)arger,  Jost 
Kelly,  Davis. 

Oardner,  Williai 
Gearlmrd,  John. 

After  the  completion  of  the  vessels  that  were  to 
constitute  Commodore  Perry's  squadron  on  Lake 
Erie,  in  the  fall  of  1813,  volunteers  were  solicited  to 
complete  the  required  force  on  board.  A  number  of 
the  Pennsylvania  inilitia  tendered  their  services,  and 
were  accepted.  The  Legislature,  by  resolutions  ap- 
proved .Jan.  31,  1814,  after  expressing  the  thanks  of 
the  government  of  the  conimonwealtli  to  the  commo- 
dore, his  assistant  commandants,  and  the  Pennsylva- 
nians  who  volunteered  on  board  the  .squadron,  cli- 
rected  the  Governor  to  present  to  each  of  the  latter, 
"in  compliment  of  their  patriotism  and  bravery,  a 
.silver  medal  of  the  weight  of  two  dollars,"  with  his 
name  thereon.  George  Grady,  a  member  of  Cajit. 
AVilliaiii  Morri-;'  company,  a  resident  of  Henderson 
lowij-hip,  \va^  the  recipient  of  one  of  tliese  medals. 

In  1>1J.  Dr.  ,Io-eph  Henderson,  Dr.  James  Stew- 
art, and  John  Larkin  were  appointed  lieutenants  of 
infantry  in  the  "new  army."  Dr.  Alexander  Dean, 
of  the  borough  of  Huntingdon,  was  chosen  surgeon 
of  the  f^econd  Pennsylvania  Eegiment.  commanded 
l)y  Col.  ,Tohn  Piirviance. 

Mexican  War.— Congress,  May  13.  184(i,  declared 
that  "  by  the  act  of  the  republic  of  Mexico  a  state  of 
war  exists  between  that  government  and  the  United 
States."  Troops  were  called  for,  and  the  President 
made  a  requisition  on  tlie  Governor  of  Pennsylvania 
for  six  regiments.  Over  ninety  volunteer  companies, 
numbering  eight  thousand  three  hundred  and  seventy- 
four  men,  responded  to  the  call.     Among  them  were : 

No.  57.    ]y,irrii>r'r  M.irl:  Fmriljif.'i.—Calitain,  James  Bell;  Firet  Lieuten- 

t:(.'lelland,  Joseph. 

inch  :2.s,  IS14,  another  general  militia  law  ^ 
"V(  d  by  the  (iovernor.  Sixteen  divisions  w 
r<\.  The  Tenth  embraced  Mifflin  and  CenI 
:ituting  the  First  Hrigade.  and  Huntingdon  :i 
rfield.  the, •Second   Hri-ratle. 

XI,  Iiivi.i„ii,.I,,,iie<  lianks,  Mifflin  County,  IslJ-l.-i, 

X.  liiv,.-i  ,0,  WillMui  Steel,  Huntingdon  V, y,  1514. 

XI.  riiv.sion,'  First  Brigaiie,  F.zra  Doty,  Mifflin  County,  IMJ 
XI.  Division.  First  Brigade,  Lewis  Evans,  Mifflin  C.iuiity,  1M4. 
XI.  Divisi.oi,  Si-coud   Brigade,  William  Steel,   Iluntio^il,.n   C. 

\I    l>i>i-i,.„.  Seeon.l    Itrigad..,  Arthur  Moore,   Huntingdon  Cc 

Ilri.jade-  Insprclor. 
M    |ir.  isiMii,  First  Uriga.le,  John  Young,  Centre  County,  1SI2. 
XI     I'liisioii,  Seeon.l   Brigade,  William  Jloore,  Huntingdon  Co 

No  formal  call  was  made  upon  the  volunteers  until 
in  December,  wlien  ten  companies  were  ordered  to 
rendezvous  at  Pittsburgh  on  the  7th  of  that  month,  to 
be  mustered  into  the  service  of  the  rniied  Stales. 
On  Thursday,  Friday,  and  Saturilay.  loth,  11th,  and 
12th  days  of  December,  184(3,  eight  of  the  companies, 
being  from  the  eastern  jiart  of  the  State,  jiassed 
Huntingdon  by  canal.  They  were  entertained  by 
the  citizens  of  the  borough  during  a  brief  stop  on 
their  journey.  ^V'iIliam  T.  Wilson,  a  former  enijiloye 
of  the  Jo«r«a/ office,  joined  Capt.  Dana's  company  of 
Wyoming  Artillerists^  James  Ellis.  William  Sullivan, 
Robert  JI.  Jones,  John  Condo,  Robert  Woods,  George 
W.  Yeager,  and  Samuel  Holliday  left  the  .same  week 
to  join  the  regiment  at  Pitt-sburgh.  These  companies 
were  organized  as  the  First  Regiment,  and  Francis 
Murray  Wyneoop,  of  Pottsville,  was  chosen  colonel ; 
Samuel  \V.  Black,  of  the'  Pittsburgh  Blues,  lieuten- 
ant-colonel; and  F.  L.  Howinan,  of  the  Wyoming 
Artillerists,  major.  Messrs.  Sullivan,  Condo,  Woods, 
and  Yeag.-r  joined  the  Pittsburgh  Blues.  The  Sec- 
ond Regiment  was  .irganized  soon  after. 

The  Wayne  (iiiards  mustered  into  the  service  at 
Pittsburgh.  May  l',i,  1S47,  was  officered  as  follows: 



Captain,  James  Caldwell ;    First  Lieutenant,   Dr. 

A.  MfKaniey;  Second  Lieutenant,  Dr.  C.  Bowers; 
Tliird  Lieutenant,  Jolm  A.  Doyle;  Sergeants,  George 
Filey,  J.  L.  Madison,  W.  A.  McMonigle,  William 
Westhoven  ;  Corporals,  J.  L.  Kidd,  Jacob  Shade,  C. 

B.  Wilson,  A.  W.  Clarkson. 

This  company  was  raised  from  citizens  of  the 
upper  end  of  Mifflin  and  southeastern  part  of  Hunt- 
ingdon Counties,  and  it  is  to  be  regretted  that  a  full 
roster  is  not  accessible.  Besides  those  named  above, 
David  Duff,  Henry  Hazzard,  Jacob  Hawn,  and 
David  McMurtrie  enlisted  from  Huntingdon,  and  at 
the  same  time  William  Snare  and  John  Johnston 
were  in  the  regular  service. 

A  detachment  from  Huntingdon  and  Blair,  raised 
in  the  fall  of  1846,  joined  the  "American  Highland- 
ers," a  uniformed  company  which  had  been  organ- 
ized in  Cambria  County  before  the  opening  of  the 
war,  and  of  which  the  captain  was  Jolm  W.  Geary, 
afterwards  Governor  of  Pennsylvania,  but  at  that 
time  employed  at  the  "Summit"  (now  Cresson),  in 
the  office  of  John  Snodgrass,  superintendent  of  the 
old  Portage  Railroad. 

Capt.  Geary  offered  the  services  of  his  company  to 
the  Governor  of  Pennsylvania  and  they  were  accepted, 
but  as  the  strength  of  the  "  Highlanders"  was  con- 
siderably below  the  standard  required,  he  desired  to 
fill  their  ranks  by  recruitment,  and  in  order  to  do  this 
he  proposed  to  William  Williams,  of  Hollidaj'sburg 
(who  afterwards,  during  the  war  of  1861-65,  was  ap- 
pointed and  commissioned  major  in  the  Fourteenth 
United  States  Infantry),  to  raise  twenty-five  men  for 
the  company,  and  for  which  service  he  (Williams) 
was  to  receive  the  appointment  of  sub-lieutenant  in 
the  "  Highlanders."  Under  this  agreement  twenty- 
two  or  twenty-three  men  were  enlisted  in  Hollidays- 
burg  and  vicinity,  among  which  number  Maj.  Wil- 
liams now  recollects  only  Thomas  Hurd,  Frederick 
Hesser,  James  Mealy,  Washington  Stone,  Andrew 
Dripps,  Don  Revalon,  Robert  McNamara,  and  John 

The  detachment  of  men  raised  at  HoUidaysburg 
and  vicinity  left  that  place  in  December,  1846,  and 
joined  Geary's  "  Highlanders,"  the  strength  of  which 
company  was  raised  by  this  accession  to  about  eighty- 
five  men.  At  Pittsburgh  it  was  assigned  to  duty  as 
Company  B  of  the  Second  Pennsylvania  Regiment, 
of  which  Capt.  William  B.  Roberts  was  elected  colo- 
nel and  Capt.  John  W.  Geary  lieutenant-colonel. 
Upon  the  promotion  of  Capt.  Geary  to  the  lieutenant- 
colonelcy  of  the  regiment  the  following  named  were 
elected  to  the  commissioned  offices  of  Company  B, 
viz.:  ca])tain,  John  Humphreys;  first  lieutenant, 
Samuel  W.  Black;  second  lieutenants,  Elisha  Luck- 
ett  and  William  Williams. 

The  company  embarked  at  Pittsburgh  on  the 
steamer  "  Cambria,"  and  with  the  regiment  pro- 
ceeded down  the  Ohio  and  Mississippi  Rivers  to  New 
Orleans,  encamping  for  a  time  at  Plaine  Clialmette,  a 

place  some  miles  below  the  city,  and  where  Gen. 
Jackson  fought  the  British  forces  under  Packenham, 
Jan.  8,  1815.  Here  the  Second  Pennsylvania  lay  en- 
camped adjoining  a  Mississippi  regiment  commanded 
by  Col.  Jefferson  Davis,  afterwards  notorious  as  Presi- 
dent of  the  so-called  Confederate  Stales  of  America. 
From  this  camp  the  regiment  embarked  on  sailing- 
vessels  bound  for  Mexico:  Companies  B  (Capt. 
Humphreys),  D  (Capt.  Murray),  and  G  (Capt.  Mc- 
Williams)  taking  passage  on  the  ship  "  Gen.  Vea- 
zie,"  Capt.  Fairfield.  The  "  Veazie"  was  driven 
from  her  course  to  the  coast  of  Cuba  and  was  at  sea 
twenty-five  days,  during  which  time  the  smallpox 
broke  out  among  the  men  on  board,  and  in  conse- 
quence they  were  landed  at  Lobos  Island,  while  the 
other  transports,  with  the  remainder  of  the  regiment, 
proceeded  to  Vera  Cruz. 

The  three  companies  which  were  landed  at  Lobos 
Island  from  the  ship  "  Gen.  Veazie"  remained  there 
in  quarantine  for  about  a  month,  at  the  end  of  which 
time,  the  smallpox  having  disappeared,  they  sailed 
for  Vera  Cruz,  where  on  their  arrival  they  found 
that  that  strongly-fortified  city  had  surrendered  to 
Gen.  Scott,  who  had  already  marched  with  the  main 
body  of  his  army  on  the  road  to  the  city  of  Mexico. 
The  Second  Pennsylvania  had  marched  inland  with 
Scott's  forces,  but  the  three  companies  which  had 
been  quarantined  at  Lobos  (under  command  of  Lieut.- 
Col.  Geary)  joined  the  division  of  Gen.  Quitman 
(which  had  not  yet  left  Vera  Cruz),  and  marched 
with  it  to  Cerro  Gordo,  where  they  arrived  after  Gen. 
Scott's  battle  and  victory  at  that  place.  The  "army 
had  moved  on  from  Cerro  Gordo  towards  Jalapa, 
where  it  was  overtaken  by  Quitman's  division,  and 
where  the  three  companies  of  the  Second  Pennsylva- 
nia, under  Lieut. -Col.  Geary,  rejoined  their  regiment, 
encamping  about  three  miles  from  the  city.  When 
the  army  moved  on  towards  Orizaba,  the  three  com- 
panies of  the  Second  which  had  come  on  the  "Gen. 
Veazie"  remained  at  Jalapa,  being  ordered  into  the 
city  on  garrison  duty.  Here  Lieut.  Williams  was  in 
command  of  the  company,  Capt.  Humphreys  and 
Lieuts.  Black  and  Luckett  being  on  the  sick-list. 
Williams  afterwards  became  first  lieutenant  of  the 
company  by  the  resignation  of  Lieuts.  Black  and 
Luckett,  First  Sergeant  Frank  McKee  being  at  the 
same  time  promoted  to  second  lieutenant.  From 
Jalapa  Lieut.  Williams  was  ordered  to  Pennsylvania 
on  recruiting  service,  and  did  not  return  to  the  army. 
On  his  way  home,  when  in  New  Orleans,  he  met  two 
companies,  respectively  commanded  by  Capts.  Taylor 
and  Caldwell,  who  were  on  their  way  to  join  the  Sec- 
ond Pennsylvania  Regiment  in  Mexico. 

With  regard  to  the  two  companies  above  mentioned 
as  having  gone  forward  to  join  the  regiment  in  the 
field,  the  following  information  has  been  obtained 
from  Mr.  Ira  Jenkins,  of  Huntingdon  borough,  who 
was  a  member  of  the  Wayne  Guards,  which  was  com- 
posed of  men   from  Mifflin.   Huntingdon,  and   Blair 


Counties,  the  largest  part  being  from  Mitlliii,  with 
about  fifteen  men  from  Huntingdon,  ami  aliout 
twenty-five  from  Williamsburg,  Blair  Co.,  ami  vi- 
eiiiitv.  Aiii'iML'  those  who  went  from  Huntingilon 
<;.,ui'it.v  Ur  rr,'oll,.rt>  William  A.  McManigal,  An- 
tlioiiy  ('olal.iiic,  Joseph  A.  Madison  (sergeant), 
Jacob  F.  SiK-igh,  Thomas  Richardson,  of  Cofl'ee 
Run,  Joel  L.  Hoover,  of  Mount  Union,  Robert  Me- 
Carrel,  of  Mapleton,  the  last   mentioned  four  being 



Tlie  other  com|iany  referred  to  was  raised  ]irini-i- 
pally  in  Bedford  County,  but  contained  several  men 
from  Ilollidaysburg  and  the  southeast  part  of  Blair 
County,  also  a  number  from  Huntingdon  County, 
among  whom  were  Robert  ^Vood,s,  Henry  Hazard, 
and  Jacob  Hawn.  The  company  was  raised  in  the  | 
s[)ring  of  1847,  and  organized  under  command  of 
Capt."  Taylor,  of  I'.edford.  In  May,  1847,  it  pro- 
ceeded by  march  and  by  tiaiisportation  on  the  canal, 
to  Pittsburgh,  where  it  was  immediately  joined 
by  Cai>t.  ('aldwell's  iMi  company,  and  the  two  ! 
embarki'cl  on  hoard  tlie  steamer  "Col.  Yell,"  and 
moved  down  tin'  river  to  New  Orleans,  wliere  they 
arrived  early  in  .luly,  and  were  there  met  by  Lieut. 
Williams  i.n  his  return  from  .Talapa,  as  above  men- 
tinin-d.  They  encaiiiiied  at  I'laine  Chalmette  (Camp 
Carletoni,  below  the  city,  where  large  numbers  of 
men  in  other  commands  were  sick  with  measles. 
The  disease,  however,  did  not  spread  to  any  great 
extent  amung  the  suldiers  of  the  two  Pennsylvania 
companies.  Alt.r  a  ^leot  M:iy  at  Plaine  Chalmette 
tlie  companir-  nt  (';ipi>.  I  aldwell  and  Taylor  em- 
barked on  the  ship  "  Florida,"  and  proceeiled  to 
Vera  Cruz,  whence  they  marched  with  the  divi-iun 
of  Gen.  Franklin  Pierce  (afterwards  President  of  the 
United  States)  to  Puebla,  wdiere  the  division  joined 
the  army  of  Gen.  Scott,  and  where  the  companies  of 
Capts.  Taylor  and  Caldwell  were  assigned  to  the  Sec- 
ond Pennsylvania,  the  former  being  designated  as 
L  and  the  latter  ii-s  M  company. 

TheSecond  Pennsylvania  Regiment  having  marelu'd 

Ohurubusco,  Molino  du 
the  storming  of  the  Bele 
engagement,  as  also  in 
very  heavily  in  killed 
first  regiment  to  ent.-r 
surrender,  Sept.   1:;,   1^1 


[.n  the  -M  of 
Lieut.Cul.  r 

t    l..~t 

l~     thr 


the  SiM' 
id  wa^ 

Mexico,  where  it  remained  until  May,  1848,  when  it 
marched  to  Vera  Cruz,  embarked,  and  proceeded  liy 
sea  to  New  Orleans,  and  thence  by  steamers  up  the 
Mississipjii  and  Oliio  Rivers  to  Pittsburgh,  where  tiie 
men  were  mustereil  out  of  service  on  the  29th  of  July 

The  War  of  the  Rebellion.— In  the  great  conflict 
of  18iil-i;."),  known  as  the  war  of  the  Rebellion,  the 
people  of  Hnntingdoii  ami  Blair  Counties  exhibited 
the  greatist  |)atriotisni  and  promptness  in  furnishing 
and  torw.inliiig  men  for  service  in  the  Union  armies. 
From  the  time  when  the  first  call  for  troops  was  made 
known  until  the  surrender  of  the  principal  hostile 
army  made  further  calls  unnecessary,  the  young  m.n, 
the  middle-aged  men,  and  not  infrequently  the  old 
men  of  these  counties  responded' to  each  appeal  with 
a  patriotic  alacrity  not  excelled  in  any  other  part  of 
the  State  or  L'nion. 

The  war  wits  commenced  in  the  harbor  of  Charles- 
ton, S.  C,  at  daylight  in  the  morning  of  Friday,  Ajiril 
12,  1861,  by  the  opening  of  a  heavy  fire  on  Fcjrt 
Sumter  fmni  the  formidable  Confederate  earthworks 
which  ciuireled  it.  The  bombardment  was  continued 
incessantly  during  all  that  day  and  the  forenoon  of 
the  next,  and  at  about  one  o'clock  p.m.  on  the  Kith 
the  fort  surrendered,  the  buildings  within  its  inclosure 
being  on  fire.  On  Jlonday,  the  loth  of  April,  the 
President  ni'  the  United  States  issued  a  proclamation 
declaring  certain  Snuthern  States  to  be  in  a  state  of 
rebellion,  and  ealling  for  a  force  of  seventy-five  thou- 
sand men  tu  suppic--  it.  Of  this  number  the  quota 
of  Pennsylvania  was  |ilaeed  at  sixteen  regiments,  and 
on  the  afternoon  of  the  same  day  on  which  the  Presi- 
dent's proclamation  was  issued,  the  Secretary  of  War 
telegraphed  to  Governor  Curtin  asking  for  two  regi- 
ments to  march  from  Pennsylvania  within  three  days 
to  the  defense  of  Washington,  this  State  being  the 
only  one  lying  near  the  capital  which  could  be  relied 
on  to  furnish  troops  for  its  protection.  The  Presi- 
di-iit'>  eall.  with  a  strong  appeal  from  Governor  Cur- 
liii,  \\a-  tiligiaphed  to  every  i)art  of  the  State,  urging 
men  tn  ii.ini-  lurwanl  with  all  possible  speed. 

ill  re<|i..ii~r  to  this  appeal  the  Ringgold  Light 
.\rtillery,  of  Itea.ling,  the  Logan  Guards,  of  Lewis- 
t.iwii,  till-  Washington  Artillery  and  National  Light 
Infantry,  of  I'ottsville,  and  the  Allen  Rifles,  of  Allen- 
tnwn.  promptly  offered  their  services,  and  being  as 
piuiiiptly  acce|ited,  marched  at  once  for  the  national 
eiipiial,  passing  through  Baltimore  on  the  ISth  of 
April  ill  the  midst  of  the  wildest  excitement  and  the 

bird  Inrlhr  avowed  purpose  of  iireventing  ^by  force 
•  if  arms  if  mid  should  be)  the  passage  of  the  troops. 
Tin-  I'riiii-ylvaiiia  soldiers,  however,  preserved  their 

Inr-,  ami  marehed  through  the  city  without  mo- 

lotalion,  and  arrived  at  Washington  at  seven  o'clock 


.■as  not  less 



from  tilt 

tie  tlian  in  the  counties  wli 




■hen  the  call  of  the  Presiile[it  und  the 
appeal  of  Governor  Curtin  were  flashed  westward 
over  the  telegraphic  wires,  men  of  these  two  counties 
were  preparing  to  march  to  the  defense  of  the  capital, 
and  within  three  days  six  companies  from  Blair  and 
one  company  from  IliiiitinLidoii  were  on  their  way  to 
the  general  rendezvous  at  Ilanishiirg.  A  few  days 
later  another  company  from  Blair,  and  also  another 
from  Hnntingdon,  went  forward  to  the  State  capital 
to  join  tlie  ranks  of  their  country's  defenders. 

The  six  companies  embraced  in  this  first  contribu- 
tion  by  Blair  ('ounty  of  men  for  the  national  armies  | 
had  previously  existed  as  independent  organizations, 
and  they  became  incorporated  with  the 

Third  Regiment  of  Pennsylvania  in  the  three 
months'  service.  The  Huntingdon  County  companv 
(whieli  also  had  a  previous  existence  as  an  in(le|icn- 
dent  organization)  was  then  known  as  the  '■,'^taMd- 
ing  Stone  Guards,"  and  became  a  part  of  the  Filth 
Regiment,  though  the  date  of  its  muster  into  the  ser- 
vice was  the  same  as  that  of  the  Blair  County  com-  ( 
panics  which  entered  the  Third.  These  companies 
of  Blair  County  men  which  joined  the  Third  Regi- 
ment were  designated  in  the  regimental  organiza-  | 
tion  and  commanded  as  follows:  Company  A  (of 
Hollidaysburg),  Captain,  John  R.  McFarlane,  of  Hol- 
lidaysburg;  First  Lieutenant,  John  McKeage;  Second 
Lieutenant,  Thomas  Mcl'\arlane.  Company  B,  of 
Altoona,  Captain,  Henry  Wayne  (killed  at  Pocotaligo,  ' 
S.  C);  First  Lieutenant,  Joseph  W.  Gardner;  Sec- 
ond Lieutenant,  John  M.  Clarke.  Company  C  (of  ! 
Williamsburg),  Captain,  William  L.  Neff;  First 
Lieutenant,  Jacob  C.  Yingling;  Second  Lieutenant,  i 
Robert  Johnston.  Company  D  (of  Tyrone),  Cap- 
tain, James  Bell;  First  Lieutenant,  William  B.  Dar- 
lington ;  Second  Lieutenant,  Francis  M.  Bell.  Com- 
pany E  (of  Altoona),  Captain,  Jacob  Sczink; 
First  Lieutenant,  Richard  J,  Crozier ;  Second  Lieu- 
tenant, Frederick  Shillinger.  Company  H  (of  Hol- 
lidaysburg),  Captain,  Alexander  M.  Lloyd;  First 
Lieutenant, Christian  N.Snyder;  Second  Lieutenant, 
Stephen  C.  Potts.  All  these  six  companies  were  mus- 
tered into  the  service  on  the  20th  of  April,  1861, 
which  was  also  the  date  of  the  organization  of  the 
Third  Regiment,  of  which  these  companies  formed  j 
the  principal  |.art. 

The  rendezvous  of  the  Third  Regiment  was  "Camp 
C;urtin,"  at  Harrisburg,  that  historic  camp  being  first 
occupied  and  used  as  such  by  G  company  (from  Johns- 
town, Cambria  Co.)  of  the  Third,  on  the  morning  of  ' 
April  18,  1861.  The  organization  and  muster  of  the 
regiment  was  effected  here,  as  stated  above,  on  the  20th 
of  the  same  month,  its  field  and  staft'  officers  being: 
Colonel,  Francis  P.  Minier  (of  Hollidaysburg) ;  Lieu-  j 
tenant-Colonel,  John  M.  Power  (of  Johnstown); 
Major,  Oliver  M.  Irvine  (of  Pittsburgh);  Adjutant, 
James  C.  Noon  ;  Quartermaster,  Jacob  M.  Campbell ; 

Surgeon,  R.  S.  M.  Jackson.  On  the  evening  of  the 
day  of  muster  the  regiment  received  marching  orders, 
j  and  immediately  departed  from  Harrisburg  by  railroad 
j  for  Baltimore,  but  did  not  reach  that  city,  being 
stopped  at  Cockeysville,  Md.,  by  the  destruction  of  a 
bridge  a  little  farther  on,  and  also  at  that  point  re- 
ceiving orders  from  Gen.  Scott  to  halt  at  Cockeysville 
and  not  attempt  the  passage  through  Baltiiriore, 
which  had  been  made  at  the  cost  of  bloodshed  by  the 
Massachusetts  Sixth  Regiment  on  the  19th.  On  re- 
ceipt of  these  orders  the  Third  encamped  near  Cock- 
eysville, and  remained  there  until  the  22d,  when  it 
returned  to  York,  Pa.,  reaching  there  in  the  morning 
of  the  23d,  and  remaining  there  four  days,  during 
which  time  the  officers  and  men  of  the  regiment 
wei'c  recipients  of  most  liberal  hospitality  from  the 
citizens  of  the  town.  On  the  27th  the  Third  moved 
from  York  to  Chambersburg,  where  it  was  assigned 
to  duty  in  the  Second  Division,  Second  Brigade, 
commanded  by  Brig.-Gen.  George  C.  Wynkoop,  the 
other  regiments  composing  the  brigade  being  the 
First  and  Second  Regiments  of  Pennsylvania,  com- 
manded respectively  by  Cols.  Samuel  Yohe  and  Fred- 
erick S.  Stuinbaugh.  The  regimental  camp  was  about 
three  miles  from  the  town,  and  named  "Camp  Cham- 
bers." At  this  camp  the  Third  remained  until  the 
7th  of  June,  when  it  moved  with  its  brigade  by  rail- 
road to  Hagerstown,  thence  marched  immediately  to 
Funkstown,  at  which  place  orders  were  expected  to 
march  on  Harper's  Ferry,  Va.,  where  there  was  a 
considerable  body  of  the  enemy's  forces  in  position, 
commanded  by  Gen.  Joseph  E.  Johnston.  The  ex- 
pected orders,  however,  were  not  received,  and  the 
regiment  remained  at  this  camp,  quietly  engaged  in 
drill  and  other  routine  duty,  for  more  than  three 
weeks,  and  on  the  1st  of  July  moved  with  Keim's 
division  (of  which  it  was  a  part)  to  Williamsport, 
Md.,  on  the  left  bank  of  the  Potomac.  On  the  2d  it 
crossed  the  river  to  the  "sacred  soil"  of  Virginia, 
and  advanced  with  the  troops  to  Martinsburg,  in  that 
State,  arriving  there  on  the  3d.  The  camp  of  the 
regiment  was  made  near  the  town,  to  the  northward; 
but  after  a  short  stay  at  this  place  the  Third  was  or- 
dered back  to  Williamsport,  as  a  guard  to  the  depot 
of  supplies  which  had  been  established  at  that  point 
for  the  use  of  the  forces  of  Gen.  Patterson  at  Martins- 
burg and  neighboring  points  in  Virginia.  On  this 
duty,  and  in  the  guarding  of  communications  with 
Williamsport,  the  regiment  remained  until  after  the 
expiration  of  its  enlistment,  when,  on  the  16th  of 
July,  it  was  ordered  to  Harrisburg.  Moving  by  way 
of  Hagerstown,  Md.,  it  reached  the  capital  of  Penn- 
sylvania on  the  following  day,  and  there,  on  the  2;ith 
of  July,  1861,  was  mustered  out  of  service. 



econJ  svrge.iiit;  David  Stiller,  tliird  serg 
r;:('Jiiit;  Andrew  Leiip,  fiist  curpornl ;  J( 
1 ;  Henry  B^rr,  third  corporal;  Joseph  Zui 
I  Weigh'anian,  Willialii  Weigliaman,  mus 

Allien,  Francis. 
AIl.a.i[;li,  Henry  : 
Iiog;:s,  Alexander 
C\:nlsf,  Geor-e  F. 
Charles,  Samuel  \ 

'rum,  William. 

(Mustered  in  April  2(1,  18C1.) 
plain;  Jacoh  C.  Yingling,  firet  lieute 

ii..iid  heig.ant:  Albert  B.  Flood,  th 

;  Robert 

c..ri".i:,I;  I'.iM.l   r    Yi 
J. dm  A.  .-11,  K;unv,  mu; 

Allendei,  James  1). 
Bell,  William  H. 
Brennenian,  Slicliael. 
Biltle,  Cliarles. 
Baker,  Samuel  G. 


Lang,  R,il) 
Lucas,  Abi 

F.Ttm-y,  Matthia 
Fil  e,  George. 
Ferry.  Joseph. 

Eicholl-/,.  lie 

Ljun.,  M, 

nry  Wayne 
Clark.  Bee 
Wilkes,  to 

Sl,  se. 
W.    It.  ed. 

(Mmlered  in  April  20.  I.SCl  ) 
in;  Joseph  W.  Gardner,  first  lieutenant;  John  M. 
uteuant;  John  S.  Calvert,  first  sergeant ;  Levi  .Mc- 
serg'-ant ;  John  LatTerty,  third  sergeant ;  W'illiam 
■rgeniit;  Thomas  C.  Yingling.  first  corporal  ;  Henry 
orporal;   William   Hook,  third  corporal;  William 

torpolal  ;   Thomas   Coleman,  musiciau  ;  William 

Huuck,  lloieey  B. 
Hofi'man,  William 

Jones,  Wi 
Kane,  Jol 
Kelly,  Jul 

Gaylord,  Ge 
Hamilton,  < 

William  B    Darlingtt 


OwenB,  Janiea  H. 
Owens,  William  J. 
Pruner,  Joseph  D. 
Price,  Albert  II. 
Quinn,  Jacob. 
Koacli,  E.ibort  A. 
Stewart,  Juliu  P. 
Shive,  William  C. 
Schmidt,  John. 
Stiaithoof,  Henry  1 
Smith,  Oliver  G. 

Scoflehl,  William. 
Sneath,  Robert. 
Stonebraker,  Sanford  M. 
Stouebraker,  Sanford. 
Schell,  Alfred. 
Thompson,  James  E. 
Watson,  Jeremiah  S. 
Watson,  Samuel  A. 
W^urtz,  James. 
Wilson,  Joseph  L. 
Youtz,  John. 

{Mustered  in  April  20,  1801.) 
Jacob  Szink,  captain;  Richard  J.  Crozier,  first  lieutenant;  Frederick 
Shillinger,  second  lieutenant;  Robert  M.  Messmer,  first  sergeant; 
David  Counsman,  second  sergeant ;  Alexander  H.  Stewart,  third 
sergeant;  Jacob  J.  Smith,  fourth  sergeant;  John  Flanagan,  first 
corporal;  William  B.  Bartley,  second  corporal;  Washington  Foust, 
third  corporal ;   Joseph  Noel,   fourth  corpoial ;   Charles  Inherst, 

Gates,  John. 
Gather,  George  C. 
Griflin,  Russell. 
Henshey,  John  B. 
Henshey,  Thomas. 
Hicks,  William. 
Hughes,  Josei)h. 


,  Wil 


Anderson,  Samuel  T. 
Anderson,  Henry  M. 
Aiken,  Matthew. 
Attick,  James  H. 
Bush,  John  H. 
Beatty,  Franklin  M. 
Barker,  Gilbert  A.  B. 
Beals,  Jacob  R. 
Beams,  John. 
Baer,  Harrison  D. 
Bartow,  Thomas.    * 
Boyles,  William  T. 
Brickner,  Frederick. 
Cutler,  William  B. 
Cruae,  George  W. 
Clark,  John  A. 
Divine,  John  N. 
Duffy,  Francis. 
Fechter,  Ignatius. 
Fichel,  Paul. 
Fry,  Robert. 
Fay,  Andrew  J. 
Finney,  Francis. 
Glenn,  William  F. 
Ginter,  David  M. 
Garden,  Robert  B. 
Grifiith,  Napoleon  B. 
Gunkle,  Joseph. 
Hubert,  John. 
Hammoud,  James. 
Hogentoglor,  Nath'l  F. 
Isenberg,  Daniel,  Jr. 

Isett,  Washington. 
Kelley,  John  A. 
Kipple,  George  H. 
King,  Hezekiab. 
Loudon,  David  M. 
Lynde,  Elihu  S. 
Laughlin,  John  M.  C. 
McFadden,  John  E. 
Myers,  Joseph. 
Marshall,  Alexander  W 
McMahan,  Mordecai. 
Montgomery,  Robert  B 
Marshall,  William  H. 
Miller,  Gabriel. 
Moore,  James  T. 
Marshall,  Winfield  S. 
■Miller,  Samuel  H. 
Nightwine,  James. 
O'Bourke,  Richard. 
Price,  William  H. 
Parker,  Joseph  L. 
Parker,  Samuel  D. 
Quinlan,  Patrick. 
Reeves,  George. 
Rook,  Joseph  H. 
Stoddard,  Thomas. 
Shandelmeyer,  Jacob. 
Stocksleger,  Peter  W. 
Schiednagle,  Anthony. 
Smith,  William  C. 
Sisler,  William. 

Halloway,  Michael. 
Howe,  James  M. 
Hawksworth,  George  W. 
Huff,  Henry. 
Keech,  Jcseph. 
Keogh,  Edward. 
Krees,  George  G. 
Kinkead,  David  P. 
Loesh,John  W. 
Long,  John  D. 
Lear,  Willinm. 
Lane,  John. 

Lane,  George. 
Mason,  Robert. 
Maloy,  Thomas. 
Miller,  George. 
McCliire,  Alexander. 
Murray,  John. 
Mcllvaine,  William. 
Plack,  George. 
Ream,  Charles. 
Rubs,  Joseph  C. 
Roush,  George. 
Shrader,  Frederick. 
Sellers,  George. 
Spade,  George. 
Thompson,  James  E. 
Tipton,  Caleb. 
Ullery.  Daniel. 
Vogle,  Jacob. 
White,  Benjamin. 
Wildes,  Tillinghaat. 
White,  Edward. 
Wingate,  J.  Russell. 

{Mtistered  in  April  20,  1861.) 
Alexander  M.  Lloyd,  captain;  Christian  N.  Snyder,  first  lieutenant; 
Stephen  C.  Potts,  second  lieutenant ;  Augustus  Batton,  first  sergeant ; 
Frank  Vogle,  second  sergeant;  Simon  B.  Barr,  third  sergeant;  Nicho- 
las Stephens,  Iburlh  sergeant;  David  K.  Yoder,  first  corporal ;  Caleb 
M.  Kephart,  second  corporal ;  James  T.  Pendergast,  third  corporal ; 
David  Barr,  fourth  corporal ;  George  Weighaman,  Jolin  Miller,  Jr., 


Barr,  Thomas  M. 

Ciaig,  James. 

Beales,  John  T. 

Curry,  Charles. 

Boell,  Harry. 

Cruse,  Charles  W. 

Boell,  William. 

Curry,  John. 

Byers,  Walter  P. 

Cooper,  Benjamin. 

Black,  Genrge  W.  Z. 

Clark,  John. 

Bradley,  William  J. 

Dorsey,  William  C. 

Blain,  William  J. 

Fr.ank,  Christian. 

Blackstone,  Dill. 

Fonton,  fliarb-s  M 

Barr,  James. 

Green,  Thomas. 

Bryan,  Harry. 

Graffius,  Abraham. 

The  Fifth  Regiment  of  Pennsylvania  in  the  three 
months'  service  included  (as  has  already  been  men- 
tioned) a  previously-organized  independent  company 
of  Huntingdon  known  as  the  Standing  Stone  Guards. 
It  was  designated  in  the  regimental  organization  as 
D  company  of  the  Fifth,  and  was  mustered  into  the 
service  of  the  United  States  April  21,  1861. 

This  company,  it  was  stated,  left  for  Harrisburg  in 
advance  of  all  other  troops  from  Huntingdon  and 
Blair  Counties,  but  if  so,  the  priority  of  departure 
was  only  a  matter  of  a  few  hours,  and  the  men  and 
officers  of  all  the  companies  that  then  moved  in  re- 
sponse to  the  appeal  of  Governor  Curtin  were  equally 
anxious  and  eager  to  reach  the  scene  of  action,  though 
facilities  of  transportation  were  not  equally  favorable 
to  all. 

The  Fifth  Kegiment  was  rendezvoused  and  organ- 
ized at  Camp  Curtin,  where  its  companies  were  mus- 
tered into  the  service  of  the  United  States  on  the  20th 
and  21st  of  April,  1861.  Its  field-officers  were  Col.  R. 
P.  McDowell,  of  Pittsburgh  ;  Lieut.-Col.  Benjamin 
C.  Christ,  of  Schuylkill  County;  and  Maj.  R.  Bruce 
Petrikin,  of  Huntingdon.  The  regiment  was  armed 
and  ammunitioned  (but  not  fully  equipped  in  other 
respects)  at  the  State  arsenal,  and  on  the  evening  of 
the  21st  of  April  left  the  State  capital  by  the  North- 
ern Central  Railway  for  Baltimore,  but  was  intercepted 
by  counter  orders  and  returned  to  Harrisburg,  whence 
on  the  22d  it  moved  by  railroad  to  Philadelphia, 
reaching  there  in  the  afternoon  of  the  same  day.  On 
the  23d  it  was  embarked  on  steamers  for  Annapolis, 
Md.,  where  it  duly  arrived,  and  remained  until  the 
I  26th,  when  it  took  up  the  line  of  march  along  the 
1  railroad  leading  to  Annapolis  Junction,  which  was 
reached  on  the  same  evening,  and  made  its  bivouac 
in  the  full  expectation  of  an  attack  from  a  hostile 
force  which,  as  it  was  rumored,  was  advancing  from 
Baltimore.  But  the  night  passed  without  the  expected 
demonstration,  and  on  the  following  day  the  regiment 
moved  by  rail  from  the  Junction  to  Washington. 

The  Fifth  Pennsylvania  formed  a  part  of  Frank- 
I  lin's  (Fir.-it)  brigade,   in   the  division  of  Col.  (after- 



P.  Ueiiitzc-liuuii,  the  other  Ijrifiiule. 
ing  commanded  respectively  by  (.'< 

■r  thi: 

iiid  of   P,r 

E.  C.  Wi 

().  ().  JiMward  and  O.  B.Wilcox.  In  the  forward 
niiivement  cil'  the  army  upon  Centreville  and  Manas- 
sas, the  Filth  Pennsylvania  remained  under  orders  at 
Alexandria,  and  consequently  did  not  participate  in 
the  battle  and  defeat  of  Bull  Run  on  the  21st  of  July. 
Its  term  of  service  expired  on  the  day  of  the  battle,  j 

ordered  to  Harris- 

ediatelv  afterwards 
I'tbe  2oth  I 

i  S.  Ciiuipljell,  secoDd  sergfant;  William  H.  Fl.:iiner,  thit 
Lilt;  George  A.  Simpson,  fuurtli  sergeuut;  Jiinies  aicCabai 
ijrponil ;  Roliert  B.  Smith,  second  corporal ;  William  S.  Wes 
,  tliinl  corporal ;  George  W.  t'yplier,  fourth  cor))oral :  A.  Kii 
iioy,  Kdwiii  \V,  Thoniiis,  musicians. 

Black,  George  A. 

MLTalie.  Edward. 

Bradley,  .lohn  W. 

McMurtiie,  Samuel  ^ 

Caiman,  .lohu. 

JlcJliirtri.-.  dame,.. 

Coder,  William  B. 

Mci:c-e,  Clialh-s  W. 

Clarli,  .tacob  S. 


Conch,  W.  A.  B. 

Jlcl-all,  .la.-ol,. 

Clark,  Alfred. 

31,  Keali,  Jame*. 

CullLson,  .lid.n. 

McAllisler.  Alfred. 

CuMiiinshain,  J.  D. 

.Miller,  Adam  1'. 

Defl-enbach,  Samuel  S. 

Kash,  E.  K. 

De  Armet,  .John. 


Douiihoo,  John. 

Kiliaid.  Saiiiii.d. 

l)eeter,Johu  A. 

Roidelt.  .hums. 

Dean,  George  W. 

Slaul.B,  Nathaiiicd. 

Eatep,  William. 

Shaw,  «  illuill,  11. 

Fink,  John. 

Slamm,  J-i|.iK 

Fleck,  Augustus. 

Stevens,  William. 

Forshcy,  Henry. 

SliirtsmaM,  William- 


Sleel,  Jacob. 

Glazier,  William  IT. 

Shaffer,  I'cter. 

Gilliland,  .Tohn  W. 

Siieath,  t;eorge 

Gillilaud,  William  D. 

Sneath,  Kieliald. 

narvey,  George  W. 

Souder,  John. 

Hoftman,  Theophilus. 

Thompson,  Robert  E. 

Heffiier,  Uavid  J. 

T.d.ias,  ^al^i^. 

Hoffman,  John.„,Jo„.phH 

Kneegan,  Thomas. 

Vaiid.'Vriid.T,  M,  11, 

Lytle,  John  M. 

Willi >,  11    ri..iiklli 

Long,  William  II. 

Wag r,  William  11. 


Wliilo,  .\nlhM„y 

McFarland,  Theodore. 

\Vi^.>.  William  II. 

(  »n  the  Sth  of  June  the  regiment  with  its  brigade 
muMil  In  (ireencastle,  where  it  remained  engaged  in 
drill  and  camp  duties  until  the  l.")th,  when  it  moved 
sDiitbward  with  Gen.  Patterson's  column,  and  arrived 
at  Williamsport  on  the  16th.  Here  it  remained 
guarding  the  fords  of  the  Potomac  in  the  vicinity 
and  on  other  duty  until  July  2d,  when  the  command 
crossed  the  river  into  Virginia  and  moved  towards 
Martinsburg,  where  it  arrived  in  the  afternoon  of  the 
3d,  having  been  slightly  engaged  (but  without  loss) 
in  a  skirmish  with  the  enemy's  cavalry  on  the  route. 
It  was  the  expectation  that  Gen.  Patterson's  column 
would  move  from  Martinsburg  to  Winchester,  Va., 
to  attack  the  Confederate  forces  under  Gen.  Johnston, 
but  an  order  which  had  been  given  to  that  effect  was 
countermanded,  and  the  Tenth  remained  at  Martins- 
burg until  the  loth,  when  it  moved  to  Bunker  Hill, 
Va.,  and  thence  two  days  later  to  Charleston.  Here 
and  in  this  vicinity  the  regiment  remained  until  the 
23d,  when  it  moved  to  Harper's  Ferry.  News  had 
been  received  nf  the  disastrous  result  of  the  battle  nf 
Bull  Ivun  two  days  before,  and  Gen.  Patterson's  posi- 
tion was  no  longer  tenable.  The  term  of  enlistment 
of  the  three  months'  men  had  alsf)  expired,  and  on 
the  24th  the  Tenth  with  other  troops  crossed  the 
Potomac  into  Maryland.  The  regiment  marched  to 
Hagerstown,  and  thence  moved  by  railroad  to  Ilar- 
risburir.  where  it  was  mustered  out  of  service  on  the 


nry  M.  McConnell,  . 
tin  y.  B.  Hardin- 
geant  ;  George  W. 


II,  firt 


oral :  John  Ilof 
;  George  D.  Me 

-  i^_.  ant  1  .lohn  E.  Bryant,  lliiri 
uurtli  sergeant;  George  W.  Trite 
ond  corporal;  Thomas  Elli.s,  thin 
iirib  corporal;  George  W.Brady 

The  Tenth  Regiment  of  thrue  m.-nths'  tm.ips  con- 
tained one  company  Iroin  Hunlingdini  ( 'niinty.  desig- 
nated as  Company  1,  iiiid  iHn--terrd  iiilo  the  service 
of  the  United  States  April  2(1.  l.^Gl.  The  rendezvous 
of  the  Tenth  Kegiment  was  at  Camp  Curtin,  where  its 
organization  was  effected,  and  its  several  companies 
mustered  into  the  service  from  the  22d  to  the  29th  of 
April,  l.siH.  The  tield-oflicers  nf  the  regiment  were 
Col.  Sullivan  A.  jMere.lilh,  Lieut.-Col.  Oliver  J. 
Dickev.  Maj.  HirlKird  White.  On  the  1st  of  :\Iay 
the  regiment  nmved  by  railrnad  Irnin  IIarri>lmrg  to 
(;hainiier>buig.  Pa.,  where  it  w:is  as>igned  tn  the 
Third   P.ri-ade  nf  the  Second    iCadwallader's)   divis- 

Herhcraon,  Jacob. 
Ilobson,  Thomas. 
Heckley,  Allen, 
llevin,  Thomas. 

WAR   OF   THE    REBELLION.,  T1k.iii-i3.  Wetlierill,  William. 

v.. lilt,  Li'i.imnl.  Young,  William. 

Ill  the  Fourteenth  Regiment  (three  months'  ser- 
vice) was  a  Blair  County  company,  chiefly  from  Mar- 
tiiisburg  and  vicinity.  This  company,  designated  as  H 
cuni])any  of  the  regiment,  was  mustered  into  service 
April  -I-i,  1861.  Company  I  of  the  Fourteenth  also 
contained  a  number  of  men  from  Blair  and  Hunting- 
don Counties.  Its  commissioned  officers  were  Capt. 
Alexander  Bobb,  First  Lieut.  J.  C.  Saunders,  Second 
Lieut.  John  H.  Typher. 

This  regiment  was  organized  at  Camp  Curtin  in 
the  latter  part  of  April,  1861,  under  the  following- 
named  field-officers:  John  W.  Johnston,  colonel; 
Richard  McMichael,  lieutenant-colonel;  Charles  N. 
Watts,  major.  It  was  mustered  into  the  United 
States  service  as  a  regiment  April  30th.  On  the  9th 
of  May  it  was  moved  from  Camp  Curtin  to  the  fair 
grounds  at  Lancaster,  and  there  remained  until  the  3d 
of  June,  when  it  moved  to  a  camp  about  five  miles 
from  Chambcrsbnrg,  and  was  there  assigned  to  the 
Fifth  brigade  {Gen.  James  S.  Negley)  of  Gen.  Wil- 
liam H.  Keim's  (Second)  division. 

After  a  stay  of  about  two  weeks  at  the  camp  near 
Chambersburg,  the  regiment  moved  (June  16th)  to 
Hagerstown,  Md.,  and  thence  on  the  20th  to  a  camp 
near  Sharpsburg.  At  this  place  it  remained  until  the 
2d  of  July,  when  it  moved  with  the  column  under 
Gen.  Patterson  across  the  Potomac  into  Virginia,  and 
on  the  3d  (having  encountered  Ashby's  Confederate 
cavalry  on  the  march  of  the  previous  day)  arrived  at 
Martinsburg,  where  it  remained  on  provost  and  other 
duty  until  the  15th  of  July,  when  it  moved  with  the 
forces  of  Gen.  Patterson  to  Bunker  Hill,  Va.,  upon  a 
report  that  the  enemy  was  in  force  at  that  i)lace.  No 
enemy  was  found,  however,  but  only  his  deserted 
camps,  and  on  the  18th  the  regiment  marched  to 
Charlestown,  Va.,  and  on  the  21st  (the  day  of  the 
Bull  Run  battle)  to  Harper's  Ferry,  where,  two  days 
later,  the  news  was  received  of  the  great  disaster  to 
the  Union  arms.  This  ended  the  Virginia  campaign, 
and  soon  afterwards,  the  term  of  service  of  the  Four- 
teenth having  nearly  expired,  it  crossed  the  Potomac, 
marched  to  Hagerstowii,  where  it  arrived  on  the 
26th,  was  moved  thence  by  rail  to  Chambersburg, 
and  Trom  there  to  Carlisle,  where  after  a  stay  of 
eleven  days  it  was  mustered  out  and  disbanded  on 
the  7th  of  August. 

Company  H. 
Thomas  Holland,  captain ;  William  McGraw,  first  lieutenant;  Samuel 
A.  Andrews,  second  lieutenant;  David  Gildea,  first  sergeant;  .John 
H.  Robertson,  second  sergeant;  Joseph  Manic,  tliird  sergeant;  George 
S.  Hoover,  fourth  sergeant;  David  Ligenfeldt,  fi^^st  corjioral;  Jacob 
W.Andrews,  second  corporal;  Mahlon  B.  Hamilton,  third  corporal; 
John  n.  Black,  fourth  corforal ;  Daniel  B.  Hicks,  Thomas  Lloyd, 


Brubaker.  E 
Burke,  Patri 

Donahay,  David  A. 
Dillman,  Simon  P. 
Dougherty,  Michael. 

Enieigli,  Charles. 

I,  William 
,John  n. 


cy,  Luther  M. 

Gates,  Martin. 
Grooms,  David. 
Haiiisey,  George. 
Henderson,  William. 
Hammond,  Edward. 
Hodge,  Patrick  F. 
Hammers,  James  J. 
Hammond,  Greenbury. 
Huglies,  John. 
Hall,  George. 

Mowry,  William  E. 
Miller,  Edward  B. 
Miller,  Henry. 
Mangns,  Abraham. 
Mountain,  William. 
Myers,  Peter. 
McConnell,  William  , 
Mclnay,  John. 
McKenzie,  Robert. 
McCartney,  James. 
Malone,  Christian. 
Nofsker,  William. 
0.<iner,  George  A. 
Perkins,  George  W. 
llobinson,  James. 
Eotherick,  Davis  B. 
Robinson,  William. 
RelTner,  James. 
Uough,  Andrew. 
Ruggles,  Joseph. 
Smith,  William. 
Smith,  John. 
Smith,  David. 
Stiffler,  William. 
Shauck,  Joshua. 
Vaughn,  George. 
Wilt,  Josepli. 
Williams,  James. 

Company  I. 
exander  Bobb,  captain;  J.  C.  Saunders,  first  lieutenant;  John  H.  Ty- 

t ;  William  Knee,  first  sergeant ;  David  Bren- 
neman,  second  sergeant;  James  McFaddeu,  third  sergeant ;  David 
McKee,  fourth  sergeant;  Johnson  C.  Ackers,  first  corporal;  George 
Strayer,  second  corporal:  John  Grimes,  third  corporal;  Peter  Bar- 
ley, fourth  corporal ;  Thomas  Campbell,  H.  Boner,  musicians. 

Brenizer,  John. 

Henry,  Frederick. 

Brown,  Wasliington. 


Brown,  William. 


Bartlebaugh,  M. 

HerriTigton,  Ilora 



Bartk-liaugh,  Silas. 


Brown,  Jacob. 

Kiehl,  Theodore. 

Barr,  Reuben. 

Kolb,  Henry. 

Burket,  George. 

Kurtz,  George. 

Bossier,  Henry. 

Kurr,  William. 

Brenner,  Amos. 

Kissler,  John. 

Coleman,  James. 

-      Lyman,  Charles. 

Campbell,  Lawrence. 

Lingle,  Jerome. 

Cook,  Charles. 

Leidig,  Daniel. 

Carman,  Henry. 

Lytic,  John. 

Cunra.l,  Isaac. 

LitUe,  James. 

Dunli. P.John. 

Loose,  Samuel. 

Dilser,  Lawrence. 

Miller,  Edward. 

D..,iels,  Edward. 

McGinley,  Thoma 

Fore,  Yost. 

Muckler,  George. 

Fink,  Jacob. 

Mordus,  Samuel. 

Firth,  John. 

Mausaus,  George. 

Fight,  William. 

McChesne,  John. 

Fighter,  Clemens. 

Moore,  George. 

Firth,  Jacob. 


Fite,  Abraham. 

Mortis,  Sam.iel. 

Funk,  David. 

Miller,  Samuel. 

Geitly,  Jacob. 

Moore,  Lewis. 

Guilard,  George. 

Mortzer,  SamueL 

Greenleaf,  Buiner. 

Moss,  E.lwin. 

Grove,  Amos. 

Nickeson,  Charles 

Uimes,  John. 

Ruggles,  John. 

Hoover,  George. 

Roberts,  William. 


Spencer,  Jninm.  W  .i-lin,-,  J;.im-s. 

Shoeniaii,  Diivid.  \\  luii,  Hi-my. 

Solida,  Julii,.  \\n, I,,  William. 

The  Fifteenth  Regiment  cdiitained  oue  company  ^ 
wliich,  though  credited  to  Cambria  County,  was  made  ' 
up  largely  of  men  from  Huntingdon,  which  county  j 
furnished   all   its   commissioned   officers,  as  will   be 
found   in   the   roll.      This   company — designated   as 
H  of  the  Fifteenth— was  mustered  into  service  on 
the  23d  of  April,   1861.      The  Fifteenth    Regiment 
was  organized  at  Camp  Curtin,  its  field-officers  being 
Col.  Richard  A.  Oakford,  Lieut.-Col.  Thomas  Biddle, 
Maj.  Stephen  N.  Bradford.    It  was  brigaded  with  the 
Fourteenth,  under   Gen.  James   S.  Xegley,  and  its 
history  from  muster  in  to  muster  out  is  essentially 
the  same  as  that  of  the  Fourteenth. 

A  considerable  number  of  men  of  Huntingdon  and 
Blair  Counties  served  in  other  companies  and  regi- 
ments, but  the  companies  which  have  been  men- 
tioned above  were  all  which  were  distinctively  of 
these  counties  in  the  three  months'  service.  During  ' 
their  first  enlistment  they  saw  nothing  of  actual  war, 
but  the  greater  part  of  them  afterwards  entered  regi- 
ments raised  for  three  years,  and  in  that  term  of  ser- 
vice became  veteran  soldiers.  Many  of  them  gave 
up  their  lives  on  the  battle-field,  many  others  died  in 
Southern  prisons,  and  hundreds  who  came  back  from 
tlie  conflict  to  their  homes  in  the  valley  of  the  .lii- 
niata  will  bear  to  their  graves  the  scars  and  wounds 
received  in  the  service  of  their  country. 

Below  are  given  lists  of  officers  and  enlisted  men 
of  the  companies  from  Huntingdon  and  Blair  Coun- 
ties serving  in  the  three  months'  regiments  men- 
tioiicil  in  the  jireceding  military  sketches,  viz. : 

Company  H. 
.lu^epli  .InhnsHii,  captain;  Slidiael  McNally,  first  lieutenant;  William 
II   Sini|~.ij,  siconil  licntouant ;  George  W,  Harliley,  first  sergeant; 

McCooll,  John. 
McDowell,  Matthew. 
N.-lson,  William. 

IticlierSLin,  George. 
Riin.kilpli,  George. 
Steinman,  Matthew. 
Steliiey,  Henry. 
Stanly,  Joseph  B. 
Shriver,  Frederick. 
Sellers,  Jacob. 


MILITAI'.Y— WAR    OF    THE     REBEI>I>IOX.— (  Co: 
THE  TllRKl 

After  the  filling  of  the  first  quotas  the  War  De- 
partment changed  its  policy  and  ceased  to  accept 
three  months'  men,  the  term  of  service  required 
being  three  years  or  during  the  war,  with  some  ex- 
ceptions of  regiments  enlisted  for  shorter  times.  Dur- 
ing the  long  struggle  Huntingdon  and  Blair  Counties 
furnished  large  numbers  of  troops  for  the  armies  of 
the  United  States.  Of  the  movements  and  services 
of  those  regiments  in  which  Huntingdon  and  Blair 
men  served  separate  historical  sketches  will  be  given, 
witli  lists  of  their  Huntingdon  and  Blair  County 
members.  It  is  admitted,  however,  that  the  lists 
given  are  not  entirely  accurate  or  complete,  but  tlicy 
are  as  nearly  so  as  it  is  practicable  to  make  them  from 
the  records  of  the  adjutant-general's  office. 

The  Twenty-eighth  (three  years)  Regiment  of 
the  Pennsylvania  line  was  raised  and  organized  in 
the  summer  of  ISGl,  princijially  through  the  efforts, 
and  largely  at  the  expense,  of  its  original  colonel, 
John  W.  Geary,  who  was  a  veteran  officer  of  the 
jMexican  war,  and  who  afterwards  became  a  general 
in  the  United  States  service  and  Governor  of  t!ic 
State  of  Pennsylvania.  The  other  field-officers  of  the 
Twenty-eighth  were  Lieut.-Col.  Gabriel  deKorponay 
and  Maj.  Hector  Tyndale.  The  regiment  was  of 
unusual  size,  embracing  fifteen  companies,'  of  which 
line  ((.'ompany  O)  was  recruited  in  Huntingdon 
(i.unty:  its  commissioned  officers  will  be  found  in 
the  iriu>ter-roll.  The  rendezvous  of  the  regiment 
was  a  camp  at  Oxford  Park,  Philadelphia,  where  the 
organization  was  effected,  and  the  regiment  brought 
up  to  the  usual  strength  of  ten  full  companies  priorto 
the  battle  of  Bull  Run,  July  21st.  Under  the  urgent 
eall  for  reinforcements  resulting  from  that  disaster  to 
the  ['iiidu  arms.  Col.  Geary,  with  the  ten  completed 

)  fifteen  companies 



companies  of  the  Twenty -eighth,  left  the  rendezvous 
on  the  27tli  of  July,  and  proceeded  by  railroad  to 
Harper's  Ferry,  Va. ;  the  other  five  companies  (not 
then  completed)  being  left  at  camp  under  Maj.  Tyn- 
dale,  with  orders  to  join  the  command  at  the  front  at 
the  earliest  possible  time. 

The  main  body  of  the  regiment  on  arrival  at  Har- 
per's Ferry  was  assigned  to  the  brigade  of  Col.  (after- 
wards major-general)  George  H.  Thomas,  in  the 
corps  of  Gen.  N.  P.  Banks.  From  Harper's  Ferry 
the  Twenty-eighth  moved  to  Saudy  Hook,  a  short 
distance  lower  down  the  Potomac,  on  the  Maryland 
side,  from  which  latter  place  it  marched  on  the  14th 
of  August  to  Point  of  Rocks,  sixteen  miles  lower  down 
and  on  the  same  side  of  the  river,  where  the  regi- 
mental headquarters  were  established  ;  but  the  com- 
mand (divided  into  detachments,  and  being  joined  not 
long  afterwards  by  the  five  other  companies)  occupied 
a  line  nearly  thirty  miles  long  on  the  Potomac  (above 
•  and  below  the  Point),  with  picket-posts  established  at 
about  every  quarter  of  a  mile  the  entire  distance  ;  the 
duty  being  to  guard  the  numerous  fording-places  and 
ferries,  to  prevent  the  crossing  of  bodies  of  the  enemy, 
and  also  to  stop  communication  between  the  disaf- 
fected people  of  that  part  of  Maryland  and  the  Con- 
federates on  the  Virginia  side. 

In  these  and  other  duties  the  Twenty-eighth  held 
the  line  of  the  Potomac  for  more  than  six  months, 
during  which  time  its  detachments  frequently  partic- 
ipated in  minor  engagements  with  the  enemy  across 
the  river,  and  captured  in  the  aggregate  a  large  num- 
ber of  prisoners.  On  the  15th  of  September,  at  a 
])oint  above  Harper's  Ferry,  the  posts  of  the  regiment 
were  attacked  by  the  enemy,  who  was  driven  back 
with  a  loss  to  them  of  nearly  one  hundred  killed  and 
wounded,  and  four  light  artillery  pieces  taken  by 
Geary's  men.  Nine  days  afterwards  the  position  of 
the  regiment  at  Point  of  Rocks  was  furiously  but  in- 
eftectually  assailed  by  artillery  and  infantry  from  the 
south  side  of  the  river,  the  fight  continuing  for  more 
than  two  hours.  A  similar  affair  occurred  about  the 
28th,  in  which  the  enemy  was  driven  from  a  fortified 
position  opposite  Berlin,  Md.,  and  again,  on  the  2d  of 
October,  they  were  dislodged  from  their  defenses  on 
the  south  side  of  the  river  below  Weaverton.  On  the 
16th  Col.  Geary,  with  parts  of  the  Twenty-eighth,  the 
Third  Wisconsin,  and  the  Thirteenth  Massachusetts 
Regiments,  crossed  the  river  above  the  mouth  of  the 
Shenandoah,  and  fought  a  brisk  battle  with  the  ene- 
my's forces  under  Col.  "Shanks"  Evans,  of  South 
Carolina,  and  Turner  Ashby,  of  Virginia,  defeating 
them  with  a  loss  estimated  at  one  hundred  and  fifty 
killed  and  wounded,  and  capturing  one  heavy  piece 
of  artillery  and  ten  prisoners. 

The  Huntingdon  County  company  (0)  participated 
with  the  regiment  and  different  divisions  to  which  it 
was  attached  in  the  many  engagements  of  the  several 
campaigns,  among  which  the  following  were  most 
prominent:  Nolan's  Ferry,  Md.,  Oi't,  .^n,  isr.l  ;   B^t- 

lin,  Md.,  Nov.  10,  1861 ;  Harper's  Ferry,  Va.,  Nov. 
24,  1861 :  Bolivar  Heights,  Va.,  Feb.  25  and  26,  1862; 
Lovettsville,  Va.,  March  1,  1862;  Wheatland,  Va., 
March  7,  1862 ;  Leesburg,  Va.,  March  8,  1862 ;  and 
from  that  time  to  the  next  April  the  company  par- 
ticipated in  engagements  with  the  enemy  at  Upper- 
ville,  Ashby's  Gap,  Rectortown,  Piedmont,  Linden, 
Front  Royal,  Middleburg,  Salem,  White  Plains,  and 
on  April  14,  1862,  at  Catlett's  Station.  May  15, 1862, 
a  part  of  the  company  was  captured  at  Linden,  Va., 
and  on  July  10th  the  company  and  regiment  were 
assigned  to  the  Second  Brigade,  First  Division,  Second 
Corps,  under  Gen.  Banks.  Sept.  17,  1862,  the  com- 
pany and  regiment  was  engaged  in  the  battle  of  An- 
tietam,  and  on  the  23d  crossed  the  Potomac  in  pur- 
suit of  the  enemy.  Oct.  28,  1862,  the  comp.any  was 
transferred  to  the  One  Hundred  and  Forty-seventh 
Regiment,  and  with  that  command  mustered  out  of 
the  service. 

Company  0. 
(Mustered  in  Aug.  17,  1861.     Date  of  transfer  to  Company  B,  One  Hun- 
dred and  Forty-seventh  Regiment  Pennsylvania  Volunteers,  Oct.  2S, 
1802,  except  where  noted.) 
George  F.  McCabe,  captain;  J.  Addison  Moore,  first  lieutenant;  A   H. 
\V.  Creigh,  second  lieutenant;  Wm.  W.  Willett,  first  sergeant;  K. 
E.  Thompson,  S.  S.  DefTenbangli,  M.  M.  Vandevnnder,  William  U. 
Glazier,  Edwin  MoCalicfrrn  tn~m-_-l  ,Tni   1 ,  1"iv.n,  ^Trifants  ;  James 
Moore,  David  Heffner,  '11.    hi  n  K         .n    :i.i      t.  I> 'i:,|.[i's  Pa.  Bat- 
tery Oct.  5,  1861),  Wilkri-    !■■•.  I.   ii.   .1    "  :     I  :,  Im;1),  John 
Withersponn.  Samuel  llinn  I  i  [  ..hi.  i  .1  I  •  I-   -'-,  I    ■.    .  .L.iin  Donohue, 
John  Shoemaker  (pro.  to  c..r|..  Keh.  2S,,  ,.,m  i».r;il3;  Jacob  Mc- 
C.ill,  Josiah  M.  Funk,  musicians. 

Barber,  Alej.  R. 
Barr,  John,  di.sch.  on  surg.  cert.  Dec.  27,  1S61. 


,  Ajel. 


SOX,  Georg 



Wm.  H.,  I 


0  sergt.  Nov.  1 



Cliarles,  t 


to  Knapp's  Pa 

Battery  Oct 

.>>,  Ih 



Bard,  Thon 


,  Wiishing 


Clark,  Benj 



n,  Thomas 


mded  at  Antie 

•am  Sept.  17, 


Cane,  William. 

Cronan,  Dennis,  trans,  to  Knapp's  Pa.  Battery  Oct.  h,  1861. 

Copeland,  William  P.  Corbin,  Matthew. 

Cossart,  William  H.  Corbin,  Washington. 

Cedars,  Joseph.  Dambuskey,  H. 

Clark,  Amos. 

Davis,  James  W.,  wounded,  with  loss  of  leg,  Antietara,  Sept.  17, 1802. 

Duffy,  Jolin  P.,  wounded,  with  loss  of  leg,  Antietani,  .Sept.  17,  1862. 

Ditlns,  George  W. 


irraday,  Thomas. 


imn,  Thomas. 


bson,  Wm,  H.,  tra 

s.  to  K 

napp's  Pa.  Battery 

Oct.  b,  186 


een,  James  A. 




erskey,  Fredericlc. 


u,  Isaac. 


nghes,  W.  H.,  pro. 

to  corp 

Sept,  1 

,  ISOI  ;  to 

crgt.  Nov 


■nkleroad,  J.  W. 



ughes,  Jam.-s. 
nes,  Pu.hard. 


biiKon,  Thomas,  pr 

0.  to  CO 

p.  Jan 

10,  1802 ; 

educed  M 


bus,  Jess,-,  killed 

t  Antietam  Sept.  17,  1862 

;  Autielam  Sept,  17.  IKi 


UTlli  Eegt.  1'.  v.,  Oct. 
Moloney,  Sanuit-l  C. 
Slurpliy,  James. 
Mehan,  Blatthew. 
Morgan,  Tlioma.-^. 

iiitietamSi'pt.  17,  1SG2. 
McCarrou,  Edwin. 
Noally,  David. 
O'Neal,  James. 

<  Pa.  Battery  Oct.  5,  ISCl 
Ronpe,  Thomas. 
Riley,  Jolin. 
Rankin,  Willium. 

,  Slav  i:.,  1S62, 

The  Fifth  Reserve,  or  Thirty-fourth  Regiment. 
— Till'  Fifth  Reserve  Regiment,  inimliered  tlieThirly- 
Cuiirtli  lit'  the  Pennsylvania  line,  was  organized  ;it 
Camp  Ciirtin  on  the  20th  of  June,  ISGl,  heing  iiuulr 

Lycoming,  Northiiml.i'ilaii.l.Cleaiiielil.rninn.  lliiiit- 
irigdon.  Centre,    liiailluni,   and    I,anca>liT  CMUnlie^. 

maud  of  Ccd.  Lew  Wallace  at  that  point.  The  route 
of  the  command  was  from  Harri.sburg  by  the  Penn- 
sylvania Railroad  to  Huntingdon,  thence  southward 
by  the  Huntingdon  and  Broad  Top  Railroad  to 
Hopewell,  where  it  arrived  on  the  night  of  the  22il, 
the  men  having  been  profusely  feasted  during  their 
stop  at  Huntingdon,  where  "an  ample  dinner  had 
been  provided  for  the  coming  soldiers,  of  which  they 
l)artook  most  freely,  and  filled  their  haversacks  with 
the  choicest  dainties.'' 

From  the  night  camp  of  the  22.1  at  Hopewell  the 
command  moved  early  in  the  morning  of  .Sunday,  the. 
2:'.d  of  June,  and  took  the  road  for  Bedford  Springs, 
near  which  place  it  encamped  on  the  same  evening. 
This  was  named  "  Camp  McCall,"  and  the  two  regi- 
ments and  battery  remained  there  three  days.  From 
"  Camp  McCall"  the  command  marched  to  the  Mary- 
land line,  wliere  a  cam])  was  formed  called  "  Camj) 
Mason  and  Dixim."  There  it  remained  until  the 
night  of  the  7tli  iif  .Inly,  when  it  moved  forward  and. 
occupied  Cumberland,  this  being  done  at  the  urgent 
request  of  the  citizens  of  the  town,  who  desired  it 
for  protection  against  a  rumored  raid  of  the  enemy's 
cavalry.  The  attack  was  not  made,  being  prevented 
doubtless  by  the  presence  of  the  Pennsylvania  troops. 
On  the  following  day  the  regiments  took  possession 
of  the  camps  previously  occupied  by  Col.  Wallace's 
Indiaiiiaii-.  On  tlie  lUth  i.f  .July  the  .■•.mmand  moved 
tn  a  i-aiuii  al.uut  tw.,  mile,  liom  New  (/reek.  Va., 
and  twenty  miles  al)ove  Cumberland,  wliere  a  rail- 
riiad  bridge  hiid  been  destroyed  by  the  enemy.  The 
tiiwn  111'  New  Creek  was  occupied  imme<liately  after- 
waids  liy  the  tniups.  and  un  the  2oih  tlu'  Fifth  moved 
til  I'irdniiiiit.lo  hold  thrtown  and  atfur-il  protection  to 

the  men 

Amlnw  S.    H^i 

Liriit.-i',,|.  .I,,-,.pli  \V.  I'l-h.r,  ul'  LanrnMiT  Cminty, 
and  M;,j.  C.ii-i.  l);,,v,  of  llunlin-dnn  Cnnnly.  pro- 
miilnl  fn.m  explain  nf  1  cimipany,  and  -nrrrr^U-l 
ii,  the  ninimand  i.f  cunipany  by  Capl.  Frank 

(hi  Ihr  21st  i.r  .limr,  tl.r  dav  Inlliiwing   tin.  m-an- 
i/,atiiin  of  the  Fiflh  niid.T  llir  almM-nainrd  lirlibulli- 

of  Ihr  Filth  by  Capl.  Siaii-ra  C.  Sinnnmis  of  tin 
Sev..rith  Regular  Inlanlrv,  and  in  (he  niurnin-  ultli. 
22il  the  regiment,  willi  I'.attrry  .\.  Fir-I  rrnii-yl 
vaiiia  Artillery,  and  ihr  -  r.iirkl.air'  iv-ini.ait.  nmlr 
Ciil.  Charlr-  .1.  I'.iiidlr,  li'll  Canip  Ciirtiii  miiler  i.nirr 
I'nim  Cm.  Smtt  In  pmrrrd  In  Cniiil.iTlanil,  .Md.,  ti 
relicv  the  Llevenlh    Imliana    Ke-iment,  under  enni 


thr    rditnr   nf  which  jnumal 

V    liv   the    rrheio   and    from   it 

.per  called  tli 

,e/V«„..yn//»'.//.'<wrrt',"  which 

-t  of  a  great 

number  of  similar  publications 

ing  thenar 

l)y  the  editors  and   printers  in 

I,,.,,, ■,,,.„  ',,|-  tl 

le  Fiflh   and  the  Buektails  at 

'",'■  i''>';i""-" 

t.  New  Crrek,anil  neighboring 

e  tiiey  had  f 

rniuent  skirmishes  with  bodies 

•iny's  ravalry 

and  inl'antrv,  alfnrded  protec- 

■  ■    Fiiinn   p.-i 

iple  111'  that  region,  and  by  re- 

rrailrna.l  lir 

id-es  which  had  been  destroyed 

naipiaii-d  ra 

11  road  communication  between 

and  Whivlir 

ig.     Their  campaign  was  closed 

1  nf  Ihr  urg, 

lit  need  of  more  troops  in  the 

r  Wa^hin-ln 

11  tn  protect  that  city  against 

Ird    .adv.u 

nf  the  enemy  after  the  battle 

un.      Irirnul 

nrmity  to  orders  recalling  this 

Ihr    r.-inirl 

Its  and    battery   took   up  their 



rived  on  the  31st.  There  the  companies  were  recruited  ] 
to  near  the  maximum  strength,  and  on  the  8th  of 
August  the  Fifth  was  moved  by  rail  to  Washington, 
and  thence  marclied  to  the  camp  established  for  tlie 
reserve  division  at  Tenallytown,  Md.,  as  before  men-  | 

In  the  orsaiii/atinri  ,,(  the  ilivisioii  at  the  Tenally- 
town camp  till'  I'llili  wa-.  a  — i'^nr.l  to  Brig.-Gen.  John 
F.  Reynolds'  I  l-'iivi  )  lu-iL^ailr,  <>(  which  the  other  regi- 
ments were  the  I'ir-f,  Srr.>nd,  and  Eighth  Reserves,  } 
commanded  rrsp.ctivrlv  hy  Col.  R.  Biddle  Roberts, 
Col.  William  I'..  Mann,  and  Col.  George  S.  Hays. 

The  regiment  remained  at  Tenallytown  about  two 
months,  a  period  wdiich  was  passed  in  camp  routine, 
picket  duty,  and  frequent  alarms  along  the  line  of 
the  Potomac,  and  on  the  9th  of  October  moved  with 
its  brig.ade  and  division  across  that  historic  stream  and 
took  position  in  the  line  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac 
at  Langley,  Va.,  at  which  place  the  Reserve  division 
made  its  winter-quarters.     In  the  battle  of  Dranes- 
ville,  which  was  fought  on  the  20th  of  December  by  [ 
theTliird  Brigade  (Gen.Ord's)  of  the  Reserves,  neither  j 
the  Fifth  Regiment  jior  any  part  of  Reynolds'  brigade  ' 
took  part,  having  been  delayed  at  Difficult  Creek  by  ' 
orders  of  Gen.  McCall.  . 

On  the  10th  of  March,  1862,  the  Fifth,  with  the  ' 
entire  division,  moved  from  the  winter-([uarters  at  | 
Camp  Pierpont  (Langley)  to  Hunter's  Mills,  Va., 
with  the  expectation  of  joining  in  a  general  advance 
of  the  army  on  the  Confederate  position  at  Manassas. 
But  it  was  found  that  the  enemy  had  evacuated  his 
line  of  defenses  and  retired  towards  Gordonsville, 
and  thereupon  the  plan  of  the  campaign  was  changed 
by  the  commanding  general,  McClellan,  and  the  Re- 
serve regiments  were  ordered  back  to  the  Potomac. 
On  the  14th  the  retrograde  march  was  commenced,  and 
continued  through  mud,  darkness,  and  a  deluge  of  rain 
to  Alexandria,  where  it  was  expected  that  the  division 
would  embark  with  the  rest  of  the  Army  of  the  Poto- 
mac for  the  Peninsula;  but  this  was  not  the  case. 
The  division  of  McCall  was  assigned  to  duty  with 
the  First  Corps  under  Gen.  McDowell,  which,  with 
the  exception  of  Franklin's  division,  was  held  be-  ; 
tween  the  Potomac  and  Rappahannock  Rivers  for 
the  protection  of  the  city  of  Washington. 

From    Alexandria    the    Fifth,   with    its    brigade, 
marched   back   (April  9th)   to  Manassas,  thence  to 
Catlett's  Station,  thence  to  Falmouth,  and  (May  26th) 
across    the    Rappahannock    to    Fredericksburg,    of  : 
which  place  Gen.  Reynolds  was  appointed  military 
Governor.     An  advance  from  Fredericksburg  along 
the  line  of  the  railroad  towards  Richmond  was  in- 
tended, but  this  was  found  to  be  inexpedient,  and  as 
Gen.  McClellan  was  calling  urgently  for   reinforce- 
ments to  the  Peninsula,  Reynolds'  brigade  was  re- 
called from  its  advanced  position  on  the  railroad,  the 
entire  division  was  marched  to  Gray's  Landing,  and  ; 
there  (June  9th)  embarked  for  White  House,  on  the  : 
Pamunkev  River,  where  it  arrived  on  the  9th  of  June. 

There  had  been  a  vast  quantity  of  stores  collected  at 
White  House  for  the  use  of  the  army  on  the  Chicka- 
horainy,  and  the  timely  arrival  of  the  Reserves  pre- 
vented the  destruction  of  those  stores  by  a  strong  de- 
tachment of  Confederate  cavalry  under  Fitzhugh 
Lee,  who  was  then  on  his  way  towards  the  Pamunkey 
for  that  purpose.  From  White  House  the  Fifth 
marched  with  its  division  by  way  of  Baltimore  Cross- 
Roads  to  join  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  in  the  vicin- 
ity of  Gaines'  Mill.  Thence  the  division  was  moved 
to  the  extreme  right,  where  it  took  position  at  Mechan- 
icsville  and  along  the  line  of  Beaver  Dam  Creek. 

On  Thursday,  the  26th  of  June,  was  fought  the 
battle  of  Mechanicsville,  the  first  of  that  series  of 
bloody  engagements  known  collectively  as  the  "Seven 
Days'  Fight,"  and  also  (with  the  exception  of  the  se- 
vere skirmish  at  Dranesville  in  the  previous  Decem- 
ber) the  first  engagement  in  which  the  infantry  of  the 
Pennsylvania  Reserves  took  part.  The  Fifth  had 
been  that  morning  ordered  across  the  Beaver  Dam 
Creek  to  guard  the  Mechanicsville  and  Meadow 
Bridges,  and  four  companies  advanced  to  Mechan- 
icsville. At  one  o'clock  p.m.  the  enemy  appeared 
and  drove  in  the  advanced  pickets  to  the  creek.  At 
two  P.M.  Reynolds  withdrew  his  brigade  and  occupied 
the  light  works  which  had  been  thrown  up  behind  the 
creek.  The  Fifth  occupied  the  left  centre  of  the 
brigade  line,  being  posted  in  the  partial  cover  of  a 
belt  of  woods  on  the  left  of  the  road.  The  enemy, 
advancing  in  strong  force,  attacked  with  great  im- 
petuosity, the  Georgia  and  Louisiana  troops  wading 
Beaver  Dam  Creek  where  the  water  reached  up  to 
their  belts,  and  charging  again  and  again  with  fierce 
determination.  Reynolds'  brigade  on  the  right  re- 
ceived and  repelled  the  severest  assaults  in  the  con- 
flict, which  raged  through  the  whole  afternoon,  and 
only  ceased  when  darkness  closed  down  on  wood  and 
stream.  The  entire  loss  of  the  Reserve  division  was 
two  hundred  and  ten  killed  and  wounded  and  two 
hundred  and  eleven  missing,  of  which  number  tlie 
Fifth  Regiment  sustained  a  loss  of  fifty  killed  and 

Through  the  night  succeeding  the  battle  tlic  men 
of  the  Pennsylvania  Reserves  slept  on  the  field  of 
conflict.  At  daylight  on  the  morning  of  the  27th  of 
June  the  Fifth,  with  its  companion  regiments,  with- 
drew from  the  line  of  the  Beaver  Dam,  and  moved 
down  parallel  with  the  Chickahominy,  some  two  or 
three  miles,  to  Gaines'  Mill,  where  Gen.  Fitz  John 
Porter's  corps  (of  which  the  Reserves  formed  a  part) 
was  placed  in  line  of  battle  for  the  renewed  conflict, 
which  was  inevitable.  Butterfield's  brigade  occupied 
the  extreme  left,  Sykes'  division  of  regulars  the 
right,  and  McCall's  Pennsylvanians  were  placed  in 
the  second  line,  Meade's  brigade  being  on  the  left, 
near  the  Chickahominy,  and  Reynolds'  brigade  on 
the  right  of  the  line  of  the  Reserves.  Approaching 
the  Union  lines  from  the  direction  of  Cold  Harbor 
and   Dispatch    Station    were    the    Confederate   com- 



mands  of  Gens.  A.  P.  Hill,  Longstret-t,  D.  H.  Hill, 
and  (farther  away,  but  moving  up  with  all  possible 
speed)  the  corps  of  the  redoubtable  "Stonewall" 
Jac-kson,  in  all  more  than  fifty  thousand  men,  against 
half  that  number  on  the  Union  side.  The  battle 
was  opened  by  a  furious  attack  on  the  regulars  com- 
posing Porter's  right.  These,  after  having  repulsed 
the  enemy  in  his  first  attack,  finally  gave  way  before 
a  renewed  assault.  The  battle  raged  luriously  during 
the  afternoon,  the  Fifth,  and  other  regiments  of  the 
Reserves  in  the  second  line,  being  constantly  under  a 
severe  artillery  fire.  Between  four  and  five  o'clock 
the  Second  and  Third  Brigades  were  advanced  to  the 
first  line,  and  at  once  became  heavily  engaged,  the 
enemy  making  a  furious  and  most  determined  assault 
at  that  point  of  the  line.  "  The  Filth  Regiment,  on 
my  left,"  said  Maj.  Stone,  of  the  Bucktails,m  his  offi- 
cial report,  "the  conduct  of  which  afforded  a  con- 
stant example  of  courage  and  discipline,  answered 
tlie  enemy  with  the  most  terrific  fire."  In  that  peril- 
ous position  the  regiment  stood  fast,  and  held  its 
ground  against  repeated  charges,  until  the  men  had 
exhausted  their  ammunition,  when  they  retired  be- 
fore a  flank  assault  made  by  the  veterans  of  Stone- 
wall Jackson.'  ,Ju>t  then  thr  famous  Irish  Brigade 
moved  past  them  rapidly  to  the  front,  poured  in  a 
destructive  volley,  and  bravely  held  the  enemy  in 
check,  while  the  wearied  men  of  the  Fifth  fell  back 
with  empty  cartridge-boxes,  but  without  panic  or 
disorder,  to  the  Chickahominy.  During  the  after- 
noon of  the  battle  the  command  of  the  Fifth  devolved 
im  Lieut.-C'ol.  Fisher,  Col.  Simmons  being  in  com- 
mand of  the  brigade.  The  heroic  Gen.  Rcynnlils, 
the  brigade  commander,  became  separated  from  his 
troops,  and  was  captured  by  the  enemy  on  the  fulhiw- 
ing  morning.  The  losses  of  tlie  Fil'tli  Rei;iiueiu  in 
this  engagement  were  nut  rf|inrtid  separately  fn>ni  of  the  succeeding  fniir  dnvs. 

The  day  of  Gaim-.'  Mill  ,],.~'.:\  i„  1,1 1  ;,,id  ,\'l\-.n 

to  the  Union  force-,  and  diirin-  tin-  iii-lil  thr  -bat- 
tered Pennsylvania  i;.~cr\,-.  with  th.-  ..tlur  iruup^. 
succeeded  in  crossing  tlir  ( 'hirkalii.ii;iii\- and  di-tniy- 
ing  the  bridge  bflniid,  tli..uL'li  Iwo  hrid-r^ 
farther  d.iwn  the  stnam  i  liuttoiuV  and  Lon- r.rid-.- , 

•  ituaticm  of  affairs  the  gn 
day  morning,  decided  on 
IV  to  .Tames  River,  where 

'iliiig  uf  it  ttftPi-wurils,  paid  a  liigli  compliment  to  tlie  g.illiint 
of  tlic  IVinisylvanla  Ilcscrvcs  on  that  fidij,  ami  said,  "  It  was 

troops  were  informed  of  the  proposed  change  by 
an  apparently  triumphant  announcement  (intended 
merely  to  encourage  the  soldiers,  and  lighten  in  some 
degree  the  gloom  of  the  great  disaster)  that  a  new 
flank  movement  was  about  to  be  executed  that  would 
surely  and  swiftly  result  in  the  capture  of  Richmond. 
No  such  assurance,  however,  could  conceal  from  the 
intelligent  men  who  formed  the  Army  of  the  Poto- 
mac that  their  backs,  and  not  their  faces,  were  now 
turned  towards  the  Confederate  capital,  and  that  the 
"  change  of  base"  was  made  from  necessity  rather 
than  choice. 

During  the  day  succeeding  that  of  the  Gaines'  Mill 
battle  the  Fifth  Reserve  lay  in  quiet  on  the  south 
side  of  the  Chickahominy,  near  the  York  River  Rail- 
road. On  Sunday,  the  29th,  it  moved  with  the  other 
regiments  to  and  White  Oak  Swamp,  and  at 
evening  came  to  the  vicinity  of  Charles  City  Cross- 
Roads,  where  on  the  following  day  a  fierce  battle 
was  fought,  in  which  the  Fifth  took  gallant  part. 
The  first  assault  of  the  enemy  at  Charles  City  Cross- 
Roads  was  received  at  about  one  o'clock  in  the  after- 
noon of  the  30th.  At  about  thr^e  o'clock  the  Fifth 
became  heavily  engaged,  and,  with  the  Eighth, 
charged  the  Seventh  and  Seventeenth  Virginia  Con- 
federate Regiments,  putting  them  to  complete  rout, 
and  capturing  many  prisoners.  Later  in  the  day  the 
Fifth  fought  desperately,  repelling  repeated  assaults 
of  the  foe,  and  losing  its  commander,  the  brave  Col. 
Simmons,  who  was  mortally  wounded,  taken  pris- 
oner, and  died  in  the  hands  of  the  enemy.  No  abler 
or  more  gallant  officer  than  Col.  Seneca  G.  Simmons 
ever  led  a  regiment  to  battle.  The  division  com- 
mander, Gen.  McCall,  was  also  taken  prisoner  in  this 

in  the  terrible  battle  of  Malvern  Hill,  which  was 
f .light  in  the  afternoon  of  the  following  day  (July 
1-^t  I.  the  Fifth  being  held  with  the  division  in  reserve, 
did  lint  become  actively  engaged,  though  it  lay  for 
liiuirs  under  a  heavy  fire  of  artillery.  The  iiattle 
ii|iened  about  four  o'clock  P.M.,  and  from  that  time 
until  darkness  closed  the  roar  of  musketry,  the  crash 
of  artillery,  and  the  howling  of  canister  was  uninler- 
mitting.  Finally  the  carnage  ceased,  and  the  men  of 
llii-  Xi)rtli  lay  down  on  the  field  (as  they  supposed) 
(.r  viituiy.  lUit  at  about  midnight  orders  came  to 
fall  ill  lor  a  march,  and  the  Pennsylvania  Reserves, 
wiili  "tber  commands  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac, 
iiioveil  >ileiitly  down  the  hill  and  away  on  the  road 
to  Berkeley  (or  Harrison's  Landing),  where  they  ar- 
rived and  camped  on  the  2d  of  July.  The  loss  of 
the  Fiftli  Reserve  Regiment  in  the  seven  days'  bat- 
tles from  the  Chickahominy  to  Malvern  Hill  was 
one  luuulred  and  thirty-three  killed  and  wounded, 
and  one  hundred  and  three  taken  prisoners.  By  the 
death  of  Col.  Simiiioiis,  Lieut. -Col.  Fisher  was  pro- 
moted to  eolonel,  Maj.  George  Dare  to  lieutenant- 
colonel,  anil  Capt.  Frank  Zentmyer  to  major  of  the 


After  a  dreary  stay  of  about  six  weeks  at  Harri- 
son's Landing  tlie  Fifthi  brol^e  camp,  and  from  that 
time  to  the  final  muster  out  Companies  G  and  I  par- 
ticipated in  the  several  battles  in  which  the  regiment 
was  engaged,  among  which  were  the  second  Bull  Run, 
Aug.  20,  1862,  in  which  Lieut.  R.  W.  Smith,  of  Com- 
pany G,  was  killed;  South  Mountain,  Antietam, 
Fredericksburg,  Va.,  Dec.  13,  1862.  In  February, 
1863,  was  sent  to  Washington  to  rest  and  recruit. 
In  battle  of  ( ietlyslmri;.  I'a.,  in  July,  1863;  War- 
renton,  Bristur  Shitioii,  Mine  Run,  and  then  sta- 
tioned at  Alexariilria  thn.ugh  the  winter  of  1863-64. 
In  battle  of  Wilderness,  Perkin's  Store,  Fredericks- 
burg, and  Orange  Turnpike,  May  6,  1864;  Spott- 
sylvania  Court-House,  North  Anna  River,  Bethesda 
Church,  May  30,  1864,  which  was  their  last  battle. 
They  left  the  field  June  1,  1864,  and  proceeded  to 
Holmesburg,  Pa.,  where  the  whole  regiment  was  re- 
ceived with  joyous  demonstrations  l)y  the  people  of 
its  native  State. 


Company  G. 

(Mustered  in  June   21,  ISGl,  except  where  noted.     Date  of  muster  out 

I.  D  to  capt.  Jan.  12, 1802 ;  disch. 
;  Fredericksburg  Dec.  13, 1862. 
t.  to  capt.  Aug.  25,  1803;    brevet 

Deui    I   1.1     (    " 

t    1  11  1  Re„t  P  V  Junes,  lkt,4,  vet 

Di\  -    I   1      1       1 

»           t       hiMction  Dec  19,  lSb3. 

EU     1    1 

1     1           11     IS!  2 

Edwiii  1 

11       In  ksl.urgDec  13,186 

Eveiai    W  ,  Ui  1 

i,.,   L    .    1      IM.     f  wmnJsrecd    a 

Foust   Fred,  nek 

F.bher   Pnnklin 

trans  t    1   )   Ellct   l(i   Isfl 

Fowler  Samuel  k 

llled  at  New  Market  Cross  Roadi  June  0 

Oe.sseiige,    I)   II 

Ginett   Bermrd, 

disch  on  surg  certif  April  2, 1803 

Gilbl.nd   Willun 

,  diach  onsui,  ceitif  May  4,  ISO, 

(,.een,  Ol.arUs,  tr 

ma   to  Vet   lie?  CorisSLpt   1    1803 


Hite,  Tbomas  M  ,  trans  to  191st  Regt    P   V    lune  C  1S64;  v. 

Hall,  Thomas,  trans,  to  191st  Eegt.  P.  \  .  June  6, 1804  ,  \et. 

Hoover,  Joel,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Sept.  13,  1802. 

Herbert,  Micriael. 

Ii-vin,  Samuel. 

Irvin,  Daniel,  killed  at  Spottsylvania  Court-House  May  10, 1 

Johnson,  John,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Nov.  2,  18G2. 

King,  John  P.,  trans,  to  19Ist  Eegt.  P.  V.  Juno  0,  1S04;  vet. 

Keitli,  Andrew,  killed  at  New  Market  Crusi-Roads  June  311, 

Lloyd,  Thomas,  disch.  i)U  surg.  certif.  Nov.  10,  1802. 

Louther,  William,  trans,  to  Vet.  Kes.  Corps  Sept.  1, 1803. 

Moyer,  John. 

to  191st  Regt.  P.  V.  June  0, 1.S64;  ve 
191st  Regt.  P.  V.  June  0,  1804;  vet. 
1.  by  order  War  Dept.  Dec.  10,  1802. 

JlcCabe,  Samuel  S. 

McDonald,  Henry. 

Nash,  George  H. 

Miller,  David  H., 
Bliiore,  James,  tra 
Morgan,  Franklin 

h.  Oct.  24, 18G2. 
es.  Slay  16,  1862. 

O'Brien,  John,  disch.  by  order  of  War  Dept.  Dec.  10,  1862. 

-    1     Ntlieut.Aug.  23,lS03;toadjt.May 
;  „  1,05.. 
Au„.  i:.,  1S03. 
).  from  sergt.-maj.  to  2d  lieut.  Aug.  8, 1862 ; 
),  1802. 
pro.  to  2d  lieut.  Aug.  2!-,,  1863  ;  brevet  1st 

Powell,  Ephraim. 

Pope,  Daniel. 

Pope,  Edward. 

Pro.igh.  Samuel,  trans,  to  191st  Regt.  P.  V.  June  0,  1804;  vet. 

Pope,  John,  killed  at  New  Market  Cross-Roads  June  30, 1302, 
Parks,  John,  killed  at  New  Market  Cross-EoaJs  June  30,  1802 

Rowland,  James. 

Ramsey,  John,  disch.  on  surg.  certif  Dec.  4,  1802. 

K -rt,  Ge..,rge,  di.-ch.  on  surg.  certif.  Dec.  23,  1802. 

KicliiirJ  Mere, 

th,  Istsergt.,  w 

junded  and  pris 

sner  a 

Dec.  13,  IS 

,2;  died  at  Rich 

nond,  Va.,  Dec. 


Jacob  Havvn,  s 


Patrick  Kelly, 


David  Sl.outz, 


Henry  Eckley 

Thomas  Given 

seigt!,  died  Oct 

1,  1802,  of  wo 



17  th. 

Alexander  Sha 

nnon,  sergt. 

David  Decker, 


Peter  L   Posle 

.  Corp. 

Andersui,  Slew 

irt,  rorp. 

Robert  McCar 

ell,  corp,  trans. 

to  lOlst  Regt.  P 

V.  Ji 

Franklin  Cout 

191st  Regt.  P.  \ 

.  Jon 

John  S.  Heude 

son,  Corp.,  disc 

.  on  surg.  certif 


John  C.  Smith,  musician. 

W.H.Wickernian,  musician. 

Allison,  Steel,  disch,  on  surg.  certif.  Jan.  21, 1802. 

Brewster,  James  C. 

Brinder,  David,  killed  at  Wilderness  May  7, 1864. 

Cox,  William,  trans,  to  19l8t  Regt.  P.  V.  June  6,  1864;  vet 

Couta,  George,  trans,  to  191st  Regt.  P,  V,  June  6, 1864 ;  ve 

Cairns,  John,  died  of  wounds  reed,  at  Spottsylvania  Court-I 

Corbett,  Luther,  killed  at  Fredericksburg  Dec.  13,  1862. 
Couta,  Henry,  killed  at  Antietam  Sept.  17,  1862. 
Corbiii,  Harrison,  killed  at  Fredericksburg  Dec.  13,  1802. 
Couch,  Cyrus. 
Corbin,  George. 
Campbell,  Charles. 

Stehley,  Benjam 


Stewart,  Asbnry 


11,  John,  di 

ch.  on  surg.  certif  JIarcl 

,5, 1803. 

Sweeney,  John,  t 

rans,  to  191st  Regt.  P.  V.  J 


;,  1804. 


rt,  Joseph, 

killed  at  Bull  Run  Aug.  3 




rl,  Al.niha 

n,  killed  at  Spottsylvania 


-House  May 

er,  Willian 


s,  W 



n,  Simon. 


,  David. 


,  Thomas, 

trans,  to  lOlst  Eegt.  P.  V. 


0,1864;  vet 


mson,  San 

uel,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Oct. 

0,  1802. 



ercd  in  J. 

ne  21,1861,  except  where 
Juno  11,  1804,  except  wl 
capt.,  pro.  to  maj.  Aug.  1 


d.     Date  of 

J.  A.  McPherran,  2d 

Israel  D.  Kinch,  2d  lieut.,  pri 
killed  at  Fredericksburg 

,  1861 ;  pro.   to  capt.  Co.  F 

fi-om  1st  aergt. 

t.  Oct.  1,1862; 


pro.  to  Corp.  Feb.  1,  1)*02  ;  to  sergt.  Sppt.  2,    I    Nash,  John. 
1,  ISfi-.;.  '    Nash,  Alexander,  tmns.  to  lOUt  Regt.  P.  V.  Ju 

Williani  C.  I'littei-son,  serst 

,  pro. 

to  c 


George  W.  Spe:,ke.-,  sr-rgt., 

"•"•  ' 

)  s.-r 

Geort'e  Gensamore,  serst. 

J.  F.  BHth..rst,siTgt.,(lisi-l, 



erickslmi-  Dec.  i:!.  ISO 





James  A.  All.nin,  Corp. 

Alexander  Dickson,  Corp. 

David  Knee,  corp. 

Samuel  Spangler,  Corp.,  .li.« 



if.  Jai,.  2S 
N.  H.,  .-..rp.,  disch.  on  snrj;.  i-ertif.  Jan  211,  isr,.i. 
Jolin  \V.  .\yrp.s  Corp.,  iliscli.  Ang.  n,lSG:i,for  wound! 

M..nnlain  .Sept.  14,  1S(;2. 
Miles  Jl.i.ire,  Corp.  .Tan.  24,  ISOI ;  tians.  to  131st  R.-gt. 

James  U.  Worts,  Corp.  Martli  1,  I8('.4;  trans,  to  KUst 

ISIU;  vet. 
Ricliard  H.  Dare,  musician  Jinu-  21,  isni. 

Ayres,  .lames  V. 

,  1SG2. 
received  atSoutli 
r.V.  June  6,  isr.4; 

Regt.  r.V.  JnneC, 

P. '\-. 

ottlieb.  Reader,  Dauie 

,  George  A.,  trans,  to  I9]st  Regt.  P.  V.  Ji 

inibrr-.T,  n.  F.. 
-warl.  David  D. 

illiani.  Strepler,  Jacob, 

loel,  Tate,  Edward. 

Joliii  P.,  died  at  Forage  .Stjition,  Va.,  June 


Ii.  by  Gen.  Order  Oct.  10,  1SG2, 
o  Mattery  C.  6th  U.  .S.  Art.  No 
s.  to  191st  Regt.  P.  T.  June  0, 
:'amp  Pierpont,  Va.,  Jan.  21,  I 
131st  Regt.  P.  V.  JuneO,  ISCJ 

orgo  B.,  must,  in  June  S,  180:'.. 
I,  trans,  to  119lh  Regt.  P.  V.  Jnn 
1,  trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps. 

up  Tenally,  D    C,  Aug.  21 
lerirksburg,  Va,,  Dec.  13,1 

t  I'amp  Tenally.  D. 
July  19,  l.«r.l  ; 
cksburg  Dec.  l;),  ISi 

;  Nor 

,  Josep 

Kelly,  William. 

Klepper,  Johii,  discli.  on  surg.  certif.  Auf 
Kincli,  Emniinger,  trans,  to  Signal  Corps 
Knee,  Henry,  trans,  to  191st  Regt.  P.  V.  . 

,  Milt,. 

Twelfth  Reserve  Regiment, —the  Forty-first  of 
the  PL-iinsylvania  line,— was  uji  '.f  companies 
which  had  been  raised  for  tlie  three  months'  service 
but  failed  to  secure  acceptance,  one  of  them  being 
tlie  Hniilinirdon  (iuards,  from  Huntingdon  County, 
whicli  boc;iiiio  ( 'oiii|iany  I  of  the  regiment,  the 
oriL.'inal  .•niiiiui--i<iTicd  officers  being  Capt,  James  C. 
r.akcr,  Lieut.  IVrry  Etchison,and  Second  Lieut. 
Samuel  J.  Cloyd.   The  Twelfth  was  organized  at  Camp 

Curtin,  where  it 
service  .\u-.  l<i.  " 
H.  Tag-art.  ol  ] 
Bailey,  of  Vuik 
Nrjrtliampt'iii   ( '. 

Baltimore  and   .' 
serve  divisio 
signed  to  the 
The  histoi 

mustered  into  the  United  States 
1.  ISC.l.  its  fiold-olficers  being  Col.  .John 
I  ]'liiladcl|>liia;  Lieut.-Col.  Samuel  N. 
rk  Cnuiily:  and  -Maj.  Peter  Baldy,  of 
Coiiiilv.  On  the  day  of  muster  the 
'amp  ('iiniii.  and  proceeded  by  way  of 
1  A'a-hingtMii  t,.  the  camp  of  the  Pe- 
at Tenallytown.  Md.,  where  it  was  as- 
rhird  Brigade. 

of  the  Twellth  is  much  the  same  as 
that  of  the  Fifth  Re.serve  Regiment,  both  being  in 
the  ■''anie  division  (though  for  more  than  a  year  in 
ililferent  brigades)  during  their  terms  of  service.  For 
the  general  movements  of  the  Reserves,  therefore, 
ni;  r.ii.r  m:iy  be  had  to  the  history  of  the  Fifth  al- 
riady  given.  The  latter  regiment,  however,  was  not 
in  the  battle  of  Dranesville,  Dec.  20,  18(31,  where  the 
Twelfth  took  part  in  the  engagement,  but  without  loss. 
In  March,  18()2,  the  regiment  moved  with  the  division 
to  Hunter's  Mills,  Va.,  thence  to  Fairfax  Court- 
House,  to  Centreville,  to  Manassas  ,luii<tinii.  .■md  to 
Fredericksburg,  Va.  The  Hunting.lon  company 
(P.  which  bad  been  statinned  at  Manassas  Junc- 
tinii,  manlicd  thence  with  the  Fifth  Reserve  Regi- 
ment, and  arrived  at  Fal nth,  opposite  Fredericks- 
bur-,  on  the  11th  of  Mav. 



At  Fredericksburg  the  Twelfth  joined  the  forces  of 
Gen.  Irwin  McDowell,  and  Gen.  Ord  was  succeeded 
by  Gen.  Truman  Seymour,  in  conimaud  of  the  Third 
Brigade.  From  that  place  it  moved  with  the  division 
to  the  Virginia  Peninsula,  marching  from  White 
House  Landing  to  Mechanicsville,  where  it  became 
a  part  of  the  corps  of  Gen.  Fitz  John  Porter. 

In  the  battle  of  Mechanicsville,  June  26,  1862,  the 
Twelfth  occupied  the  extreme  left  of  the  line,  where, 
at  about  four  o'clock  p.m.,  the  enemy  made  a  desper- 
ate attempt  to  flank  by  sending  a  heavy  force  down 
the  EUerson  Mill  road.  In  the  desperate  conflict 
which  followed  the  attempted  e.xecution  of  this  move- 
ment the  Twelfth  fought  with  unsurpassed  bravery  and 
determination,  e.xpending  one  hundred  rounds  of  am- 
munition, and  holding  the  ground  against  a  greatly 
superior  force  until  darkness  closed  the  fight.  Between 
three  and  four  o'clock  on  the  morning  of  Friday,  the 
27th,  the  regiment  retired  with  the  division  to  Gaines' 
Mill.  In  the  battle  which  was  fought  there  on  that 
day  it  was  posted  in  support  of  Easton's  battery,  and 
remained  on  that  duty  and  under  a  tremendous  artil- 
lery fire  for  more  than  three  hours.  At  about  half- 
past  five  o'clock  the  enemy  assaulted  in  very  heavy 
force,  but  was  held  in  check  for  a  time,  with  heavy 
loss  on  both  sides.  At  dark  the  Twelfth  with  other 
Reserve  regiments  retired  to  the  Chickahominy,  and 
before  midnight  had  crossed  that  stream  by  the  Wood- 
bury bridge.  The  loss  of  the  regiment  in  the  battle 
of  the  27th  was  thirty-one  killed  and  wounded.  On 
the  2Sth  (the  day  following  the  battle)  the  Twelfth 
was  on  picket  along  the  Chickahominy.  At  three 
o'clock  A.M.  on  Sunday,  the  29th,  it  marched  as  guard 
to  the  reserve  artillery  train,  moving  on  the  road 
leading  across  White  Oak  Swamp  to  the  James  River. 
In  the  afternoon  of  the  30th  it  was  engaged,  as  was 
also  the  Fifth  Reserve,  in  the  battle  of  Charles  City 
Cross-Roads,  receiving  a  sudden  and  tremendous  at- 
tack by  a  heavy  force  of  the  enemy,  losing  sixty-five 
killed,  wounded,  and  missing.  At  midnight  the 
Twelfth  marched  from  the  field  on  the  road  to"  James 
River,  halting  at  Malvern  Hill,  where  Gen.  McClellan 
massed  the  reserve  artillery,  and  made  his  dispositions 
for  a  determined  stand  against  the  advancing  enemy. 
In  the  battle  of  Malvern  Hill,  July  1st,  the  Twelfth 
was  held  in  reserve  and  not  actively  engaged,  though  | 
being  for  hours  under  a  heavy  fire  of  artillery.  In  j 
the  latter  part  of  the  night  succeeding  the  battle  it 
marched  with  the  division  for  Harrison's  Landing, 
where  it  arrived  in  the  forenoon  of  July  2d.  This 
was  the  end  of  the  series  of  battles  known  as  the 
Seven  Days'  fight,  in  which  the  Twelfth  lost  seventy- 
three  killed  and  wounded  and  thirty-six  missing. 

On  the  evacuation  of  the  position  at  Harrison's 
Landing  the  regiment  moved  to  the  Rappahannock, 
and  fought  under  Gen.  Pope  in  the  second  Bull  Run 
battle,  August  29th  and  30th,  losing  forty-three  killed 
and  wounded.  Crossing  into  Maryland,  the  Twelfth 
fought  in  the  battle  of  South  Mountain,  losing  twenty-  ! 

five  killed  and  wounded.  The  men  fought  htre  with 
the  greatest  gallantry  and  determination,  forcing  their 
way  up  the  mountain-side  in  the  face  of  the  enemy, 
and  bivouacked  for  the  night  on  the  summit.  At 
Antietam,  on  the  16th  and  17th  of  September,  the 
regiment  was  again  engaged,  fighting  with  its  accus- 
tomed bravery,  and  su.staining  a  loss  of  sixty-one 
killed  and  wounded  and  three  missing. 

In  the  great  battle  of  Fredericksburg,  on  the  13th 
of  December,  the  Twelfth  suffered  the  severe  loss  of 
eighty-three  killed  and  wounded  and  thirty-four  taken 
prisoners.  Its  position  was  with  its  brigade  on  the 
extreme  left,  three  miles  below  the  town  of  Freder- 
icksburg, where  it  crossed  the  river  on  pontoons. 
On  the  13th  a  fierce  assault  was  made  on  the  enemy's 
works  and  they  were  carried;  but  no  support  was  at 
hand,  and  the  brigade  was  forced  back,  with  the 
above-stated  loss  to  the  Twelfth.  After  the  battle 
the  regiment  recrossed  the  river  with  the  army,  and 
reoccupied  its  previous  camp.  It  took  part  in  the 
dreary  "mud  march"  made  in  January,  1S63,  by  the 
army  under  Gen.  Burnside,  and  was  soon  after  or- 
dered to  the  defenses  of  Washington,  and  to  rest  and 
recruit  its  decimated  ranks. 

From  Washington  Company  I,  nl'  Huntingdon 
County,  moved  with  the  regiment  in  all  its  marches 
and  participated  with  it  in  all  the  battles  in  which  it 
was  engaged  to  the  close  of  the  war,  among  which 
were  the  Gettysburg  campaign,  where  it  took  an  ac- 
tive part  in  the  struggle.  It  was  engaged  with  the 
enemy  at  Broad  Run,  Va.,  Rappahannock  Station, 
Oct.  14,  1863,  New  Hope  Church,  Nov.  26,  1863, 
battle  of  the  Wilderness.  Spottsylvani.a  Court-House, 
Va.,  Gurnea  Station,  Jericho  Ford,  and  Bethesda 

The  re-enlisted  men  and  recruits  of  the  Hunting- 
don company  were  transferred  to  the  One  Hundred 
and  Ninetieth  Regiment,  which  was  actively  engaged 
until  the  close  of  the  war. 



(Miistereil  out  M,irch  17,  ISGi:,  cxceiit  wlirvc-  ij.'tc.l) 

I  of  thia  compuny  on   lili-  ^it  iuljnliml-geii- 

Capt.  .Tames  C.  Baker,  must,  in  Feb.  6,  1KC.2;  (lied  July  7.  isil-i. 

(Japt.  Cliill  W.  Hazzai-U,  must,  in  J:\ly  30,  1S61  ;  pro.  to  uapt.  April  20, 

18G3 ;  brevetted  maj.  Marcll  13,  ISGo  ;  must,  out  vvitli  eonipauy  June 

11, 1SC4. 
First  Lieut.  Perry  Etcbison,  res.  July  18,  18G2;  must,  in  Mar.^l.  17, 1802. 
First  Lieut.  William  H.  Myers,  must,  in  July  2-1,   IsGl ;    jiro.  from 

sergt.-maj.  to  Ist  lieut.  April  20, 1803  ;  brcvuteil  capt.  March  13, 1SG5; 

must,  out  with  company  Juno  11,  1S04. 
Seconil  Lieut.  Samuel  J.  Cloyd,  must,  iu  Murcli  17,  USG2;  discli.  Jan.  T, 

Second  Lieut.  Frank  D.  Stephens,  pro.  from  private  to  1st  sergt.  April 

24,  1862;  to  2d  lieut.  April  24,  1863 ;  prisoner  at  Gaines'  Mill  June 

27,  1862;  wounded  at  Fredericksburg  Dec.  i:!,  18G2  ;  trans,  to  Co.  D, 

190th  Regt.  P.  v.,  June  1,  1864. 
First  Sergt.  Andrew  J.  Deniming,  captured  at  Weldon  Railroad  Aug.  19, 

First  Sergt.  WiUiamW.  Woods,  must,  in  Aug.  Hi,  ISGl;  must,  out  uilh 

company  June  11,  1S64. 
Sergts.  Thomas  M.  KeUy,  David  Long,  .lobn  C.  Rinker,  R.  Y.   Askin, 




Corps.  Jtisppli  Beeru.  David  Hari'    ■  I  ,  I      >•  I     w  li      i,  I'  i .  i  i 
John  n.  Cl.ilcoal.Willinm  II    li     i      v,  in, 

D.  Long,  IlL'tiry  C.»n  !■  -]  ■  .  >  \     ,  :        !:  .i 

1864;  die<lii  prisoner,  dale  "111.      >-:,'!.-     -   n    ^Im: 
at  Weldoli  Kiiilroad  Aug.  19,  ]siAi. 

Musidans,  John  Harvey,  (Joorgo  W.  Weiglit. 

Alherl,  Henry,  must,  in  .\pril  r>,  18IV2. 

Allen,  Rohert  J.,  must,  in  Ai>ril  5,  lsn2. 

Barker,  George  S. 

Baker,  Josiah. 

Butts,  John  F.,  must,  in  Auk.  Id,  ISGl  ;  must,  out  with  lou 

Black,  John,  tiana.  to  C.  Il,  iniith  Iii-f.'t.  V.  V.,  June  1,  ISC 
at  Weldon  Railroad  Aug.  l!l,  l.stil ;  died,  date  unknown. 

Briggs,  Jolin  A. 

Bypuss,  Herni.TTi,  must,  iu  March  27,  1SIJ2. 

Carother,  William  H.,  trans,  to  Co.  D,  190th  Kegt.  P.  V.,  Ji; 
prisoner  at  Weldon  Railroad  .\ug.  19,  ISM;  died,  date  u 

Cornelius,  .Tolin.  Copenliaven,  Wdliam. 

Cloyd,  Thomas,  must,  in  April  5,  1802. 

Duffleld,  James  R,,  must,  out  ivith  company  Jun.'  11,  isr.4. 

I)e  Armitt,  John  C,  trans,  to  Co.  D,  lUOth  Regt.  V.  V.,  Jn 
prisoner  at  Weldon  Railroad  Aug.  19,  IsG-l. 

Durboran,  Isaac  II.,  mu. 

t.  out  with  comp 

ny  Juno  11, 


Aug.  10,  IS61. 

Elliott,  .lames  A. 

Giles,  James  P.,  trans,  to 

Co.  D,  lomh  Regt 

P.  v.,  June  1 

,  1804  ; 

at  Wel.lon  Railroad  Aug.  19, 1S64. 



ck,  Aquilla. 

Flick,  George  W. 


man,  James 


Hamnuin,  Peter. 


ck,  Jeremia 

Harvey,  William. 

Hicks,  Thomas  J. 

Hudson,  Augustus  B.,  must,  in  April  .5, 180 


Johns,  John  E. 


1,  James. 

Kelly,  Alfred. 



Kelly,  Tliomas  S. 

Livinghotuse,  B.  F.,  tra, 

s.  to  Co.  D,  19utl 

Kegt.  P.  V 

,  June 

pris.iner  at  Weldon 

lailroad  Aug.  19, 

S04;  died,  date  unl 

Lcerd,  George. 

Locke,  Jonathan,  must,  i 

1  March  20, 1802; 

trans,  to  Co 

D,  190 

1'.  v.,  June  1,  1804 

prisoner  at  WolO 

on  Railroad 


died,  date  unknown. 

Locke,  Daniel,  must,  in  March  29,  1802. 

Livinghouse,  J.  C,  must. 

in  March  29, 1802 

trans,  to  Co 

11,  191 

P.  v.,  June  1, 1804;  p 

isoner  at  Weldon 

R.ailn,ad  An 


Sw.artz,  liaMi.-l,m 


•J9,  1802. 

Thoma.s,  Josei.h,  ■ 

lUSt.  1 

1  March  29, 18G2 

Aug.  19,  1804 


t  prisoner,  date  . 

Taylor,  George  B. 


in  Ap 

il  ,•;,  1802. 

Vauglin  Thomiis 


Wright,  Henry  C. 


to  Co. 

D,  190111  1 



The  Forty-ninth  and  Fifty-third  Regiments.— 

In  the  organization  of  this  regiment  there  were  in- 
cluded two  companies  from  Huntingdon  County,  viz., 
C  company,  Capt.  John  B.  Milet-  (afterwards  pro- 
moted to  major  and  to  lieutenant-colonel,  and  killed 
at  Spottsylvania  May  10,  1864),  and  D  company, 
Capt.  James  D.  Campbell.  The  other  companies  of 
the  regiment  were  recruited  in  Chester,  Centre,Mifflin, 
and  Juniata  Counties.  The  rendezvous  of  the  Forty- 
ninth  was  at  Camp  Curtin,  where  it  was  organized  in 
.■^ejiteniber,  1861,  under  the  following-named  firld- 
officers:  Colonel,  William  H.  Irwin;  Lieutenant- 
Colonel,  William  Bri.shane;  Major,  Thomas  M.  Hil- 
lings. The  regiment  left  Harrisburg  on  the  22d  of 
September  and  proceeded  to  Washington,  D.  C,  wliere 
it  was  assigned  to  Brig.-Gen.  W.  S.  Hancock's  (First 
brigade  of  Gen.  "  Bald.y"  Smith's  division  of  the 
Fourth  Corps,  commanded  by  Mnj.-Gen.  Erasmus  D. 
Keyes.  After  being  assigned,  the  regiment  was  en- 
camped with  its  brigade  at  Lewinsville,  Va.,  where 
and  in  which  vicinity  it  was  employed  in  camj)  and 
pieket  duty  till  March  10,  1862,  when  it  move<l  for- 
ward with  the  army  toward  Manassas,  and  thence  ( when 
that  place  was  found  to  have  been  evacuated  by  the 
enemy)  back  to  Alexandria,  Va.,  where,  on  the  24th 
of  March,  it  embarked  and  proceeded  to  Newjiort 
News,  where  it  arrived  on  the  26th.  On  the  4th  of 
April  it  moved  with  the  .\rmy  of  the  Potomac  up  the 
Peninsula,  and  nn  the  .'>th  :irrived  in  front  of  the 
enemy's  position  on  the  linr  extending  from  York- 
town  to  the  James  River,  It  lield  its  position  along 
the  left  bank  of  the  Waruirk  River  until  Sunday, 
May  4th,  when  it  moveil  lurw;ird  with  tlie  nther 
troops  of  the  army  in  pursuit  of  the  enemy,  who  had 
evaeuated  his  Yorktown  line  and  was  retreating 
towards  Richmond.  The  Confederate  forces  were 
overtaken  that  night,  they  being  in  a  strong  position 
near  the  town  of  Williamsburg,  where  a  heavy  battle 
was  fought  on  the  following  day,  the  fight  being 
ojiened  by  Hooker's  division  at  daylight,  in  the  midst 
of  a  drenching  rain,  which  continued  through  the 
day.  Hancock's  brigade  occupied  the  right,  the 
Forty-ninth  being  on  the  left  centre,  with  the  Sixth 
."\rainc  on  its  right,  and  the  Forty-third  New  York  on 
its  left.  It  was  ordered  into  the  fight  at  about  eleven 
o'clock  A.M.,  and  moved  forward  unflinchingly,  en- 
countering the  Confederate  brigade  of  Gen.  Jubal 
Ijarly.  At  the  first  shock  Hancock's  men  recoiled 
and  retired  a  short  distance,  then  rallied,  charged, 
and  drove  the  enemy  back  in  di.sorder  and  with  heavy 
loss,  including  about  three  hundred  prisoners  taken 
liy  the  lirigade  of  Hancock.  Many  of  the  prisoners 
were  of  the  Fifth  North  Carolina  Regiment,  which 
confronted  the  Forty-nintli  Pennsylvania,  which 
fouglit  witli  uni'xcelled  braverv.  and,  with  the  other 



regiments  of  Hancock's  command,  was  highly  com- 
mended by  Gen.  McClellan  for  gallant  conduct  in 
this  engagement. 

During  the  night  succeeding  the  battle  the  enemy 
retreated  from  his  strong  line  at  Williamsburg,  and 
two  days  later  tlie  Army  of  the  Potomac  moved  for- 
ward in  pursuit.  The  Forty-ninth  advanced  by  way 
of  Old  Church  and  Cold  Harbor  to  the  Chickahominy 
in  the  vicinity  of  New  Bridge.  It  remained  on  the 
north  side  of  the  Chickahominy  until  the  5th  of 
June,  when  it  crossed  that  stream  by  the  "  Grape- 
vine" bridge,  and  moved  to  Garrett's  Hill.  On  the 
26th  it  stood  in  line  of  battle  to  take  part  in  the  ex- 
pected movement  on  Eichmond,  led  by  Hooker's 
division.  On  the  26th  was  fought  the  battle  of  Me- 
chanicsville  by  the  Pennsylvania  Reserves  on  the 
extreme  right,  the  Forty-ninth  taking  no  part,  being 
on  the  opposite  side  of  the  Chickahominy.  During 
the  day  of  the  battle  of  Gaines'  Mill  (June  27th)  the 
regiment  was  in  line  waiting  orders,  and  towards 
evening  was  briskly  attacked  by  a  Confederate  force 
from  Richmond  under  Gen.  Magruder,  but  sustained 
little  loss.  In  the  night  of  the  27th  it  moved  to 
Golding's  farm,  and  on  the  following  day  became 
warmly  engaged  at  Peach  Orchard  with  a  force  of  the 
enemy  under  Gen.  Robert  Toombs.  The  loss  of  the 
regiment  in  the  actions  of  the  27th  and  28th  was 
thirty-three  killed  and  wounded.  On  the  29th  it  re- 
pulsed the  enemy  handsomely  in  a  minor  action  at 
Savage  Station,  on  the  York  River  Railroad,  and  on 
the  same  night  took  up  its  line  of  march  for  James 
River,  which  it  reached  (at  Harrison's  Landing)  on 
the  2d  of  July,  not  having  taken  active  part  in  the 
battle  of  Charles  City  Cross-Roads,  on  the  30th  of 
June,  nor  in  that  of  Malvern  Hill,  July  1st. 

At  Harrison's  Landing  the  regiment  (which  sufl'ered 
there  very  severely  from  sickness)  remained  until  the 
16th  of  August,  when  it  marched  thence  down  the 
Peninsula  by  way  of  Williamsburg  to  Fortress  Mon- 
roe, where  it  was  embarked  on  the  23d  and  proceeded 
up  the  Chesapeake  and  the  Potomac  River  to  Alexan- 
dria. On  the  27th  it  marched  from  Fairfax  Seminary 
with  Franklin's  corps  to  the  relief  of  Gen.  Pope,  who 
was  then  hard  pressed  by  the  enemy  south  of  Manassas. 
It  reached  Centreville,  but  did  not  go  beyond  that 
point,  and  consequently  was  not  present  at  the  second 
Bull  Run  battle.  On  the  night  of  August  31st  it 
marched  from  Centreville  back  to  its  previous  camp 
at  Fairfax  Seminary.  On  the  invasion  of  Maryland 
by  Gen.  Lee,  it  moved  from  Fairfax  (September  5th), 
crossed  the  Potomac,  and  took  part  in  the  engagement 
at  Crampton's  Gap  on  the  1-lth.  On  the  17th  (the 
day  of  the  great  battle  of  Antietam)  the  regiment 
marched  from  Pleasant  Valley,  Md.,  to  the  scene  of 
action,  reached  the  field,  and  formed  line  of  battle, 
but  was  not  ordered  into  the  fight,  though  it  lost 
several  men  by  the  fire  of  the  enemy's  artillery. 

On  the  19th  the  regiment  moved  from  Antietam  to 
the  Potomac,  which  it  crossed  a  few  days  later,  and 

advanced  by  successive  marches  to  Warrenton,  to 
Stafford  Court-House,  to  Belle  Plain,  and  to  Fal- 
mouth, on  the  Rappahannock,  opposite  Fredericks- 
burg. In  the  great  battle  at  that  place  on  the  13th 
of  December,  it  crossed  the  Rappahannock  with 
Franklin's  grand  division  on  the  extreme  left,  and 
was  posted  in  support  of  batteries,  but  was  not  en- 
gaged against  the  enemy's  infantry.  On  the  16th  it 
recrossed  the  river,  and  soon  after  went  into  winter- 
quarters.  On  the  9th  of  January  the  regiment  was 
consolidated  into  four  companies,  and  Maj.  Miles  and 
other  supernumerary  officers  were  ordered  on  recruit- 
ing service,  by  which  means  the  regiment  was  nearly 
filled  during  the  winter. 

In  the  reorganization  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac 
after  Gen.  Hooker  assumed  command  of  it,  the  Forty- 
ninth  was  assigned  to  Sedgwick's  (Sixth)  corps.  First 
Division,  Third  Brigade,  commanded  by  Gen.  Russell. 
Marching  on  the  campaign  of  Chancellorsville,  the 
regiment  crossed  the  Rappahannock  on  the  29th  of 
April,  placing  the  pontoons  in  position  for  the  passage 
of  Sedgwick's  corps,  and  losing  several  men  in  per- 
forming that  service.  From  the  south  bank  of  the 
river  it  moved  with  its  division  to  the  heights  in  the 
rear  of  Fredericksburg,  where  the  enemy  was  found 
strongly  fortified.  The  regiment  remained  in  front 
of  these  works  until  the  30th,  when  it  moved  to  the 
river  and  remained  till  May  3d,  when  it  again  moved 
forward  and  lay  under  a  heavy  artillery  fire  for  several 
hours.  On  the  same  day  it  moved  through  the  town, 
and  became  sharply  engaged  in  skirmishing  near 
Salem  Church.  Again  on  the  4th  it  was  engaged  in 
skirmishing  until  nightfall,  when  it  sustained  a  fierce 
attack  by  the  enemy  until  forced  to  retire  towards  the 
river.  On  the  5th  it  recrossed  the  river  at  Banks' 
Ford,  and  returned  to  its  old  camp-ground  at  White 
Oak  Church,  having  experienced  but  light  loss  in  the 
campaign  of  Chancellorsville.  Moving  northward 
on  the  campaign  of  Gettysburg,  the  men  suffered  ter- 
ribly, marching  day  after  day  in  excessively  hot 
weather  and  through  clouds  of  dust  raised  by  the 
myriad  feet  and  hoofs  and  wheels  of  the  advancing 
column.  The  regiment  crossed  the  Potomac  at  Ed- 
wards Ferry,  and  advanced  to  Westminster,  Md., 
whence  it  marched  towards  Gettysburg.  It  arrived 
on  the  field  at  about  2  o'clock  p.m.  on  the  2d  of  July, 
and  was  placed  in  position  in  support  of  the  Fifth 
Corps.  On  the  morning  of  the  3d  it  was  placed  on 
the  extreme  left,  but,  with  its  corps,  was  changed  dur- 
ing the  day  to  the  right  of  Round  Top,  where  it  stood 
in  line  ready  to  enter  the  fight,  but  was  not  ordered 
in,  suffering  only  a  slight  loss  from  the  artillery  fire. 
After  the  battle  it  moved  (July  5th)  in  pursuit  of  the 
enemy,  but  did  not  become  eugaged  except  in  a 
skirmish  on  the  12th. 

Crossing  the  Potomac  into  Virginia,  the  Forty-nintli 
was  employed  in  various  movements  and  marches 
during  the  succeeding  summer  and  fall.  In  the 
morning  of  November  7th,  it  marched  with  its  corps 


from  Warreiiton  to  ;i  point  near  Rappahannock  Sta- 
tion, where  tlie  enemy  was  found  strongly  intrenched 
near  tlie  river.  Late  in  the  day  the  ])osition  was  at- 
taclced  by  Ru.ssell's  brigade  (including  the  Forty-ninth 
Regiment),  and  just  as  the  twilight  fell  the  work  was 
carried  at  the  point  of  the  bayonet.  The  effective 
force  of  the  charging  brigade  was  but  about  thirteen 
hundred  men,  while  the  works  were  well  supplied 
with  artillery,  and  held  by  fully  sixteen  hundred 
Confederates,  who  were  taken  prisoners,  including 
one  hundred  and  twenty-eight  commissioned  officers, 
of  whom  two  were  commanders  of  brigades ;  and 
among  the  material  captured  were  four  pieces  of  artil- 
lery with  caissons  and  a  large  quantity  of  ammunition, 
eight  battle-flags,  and  nineteen  hundred  .stand  of 
small-arms.  For  the  carrying  of  the  intrenched  line 
with  the  bayonet,  and  the  seizing  of  the  enemy's  pon- 
toon-bridge, the  Forty-ninth  and  other  regiments  of 
the  assaulting  column  were  warmly  complimented  in 
general  orders  by  Gen.  Sedgwick,  who  said  they  de- 
served "  especial  honor"  for  their  steadiness  and  gal- 
lantry. The  loss  of  the  Forty-ninth  in  this  engage- 
ment was  thirty  killed  and  wounded.  Afterwards,  in 
the  affair  at  Mine  Run,  the  Forty-ninth  lay  for  some 
hours  under  artillery  lire,  but  was  not  engaged,  and, 
retiring  with  the  other  troops,  went  into  winter-quar- 
ters at  Hazel  Run,  where  about  two  hundred  and  sixty 
men  re-enlisted  for  the  war,  and  where,  during  the 
winter,  the  regiment  received  large  accessions  of  re- 
cruits and  drafted  men  from  Penn.sylvania.  ( »n  the 
23d  of  April  following  Maj.  Miles  was  proniotid  to 
the  grade  of  lieutenant-colonel. 

In  the  spring  campaign  of  1804  the  regiment 
marched  with  its  division,  crossed  the  Rapidan  at  Ger- 
mauia  Ford  on  the  4th  of  May,  and  on  the  following 
day  was  engaged  in  the  first  of  the  battles  in  the  Wil- 
derness, losing  thirty-four  killed  and  wounded,  but  re- 
pulsing the  enemy  and  holding  the  field.  In  the  early 
morning  of  the  6th  the  battle  was  reopened  and  kept 
up  during  the  day,  the  heaviest  fighting  being  in  front 
of  the  Forty-ninth  and  its  division.  During  the  night 
it  moved  to  the  left,  and  was  engaged  in  heavy  skir- 
mishing through  the  following  day.  Still  moving  by 
the  left,  it  arrived  before  noon  of  tin-  Sth  at  Laurel 
Hill,  where  a  action  ensued.  »  hi  tin-  '.Uh  <ien. 
Sedgwick,  the  corps  commander,  was  killed,  while 
selecting  a  position  on  the  left.  He  was  succeeded  in 
the  command  by  Gen.  H.  G.  Wright.  Gen.  Ru.ssell, 
of  the  brigade,  now  took  command  of  the  division, 
and  was  succeeded  as  brigade  commander  by  "ion. 
Eustis.  On  the  10th  the  regiment  was  cmiiiiually 
under  fire,  and  late  in  the  day  charged  with  the  di- 
vison,  carrying  the  enemy's  works  in  its  front,  and 
taking  several  pieces  of  artillery  and  more  than  eight 
hundred  prisoners,  but  afterwards  being  compelled  to 
abandon  the  positimi  and  the  captures,  retiring  before 
a  heavy  reinforci'nient.  In  the  cliargr  ami  subsequent 
retreat  across  ojicii  ground  swept  by  artillery  and 
musketry,  the   regiment   l(i>t  sixty-tivo   killed  (among 

whom    was    Lieut.-Col 
wounded  and  missing. 

Miles)  and  two  hundred 
Among  the  wounded  were 
Lieut.  B.  H.  Downing,  of  D  company,  and  Lieut. 
Hilands,  adjutant  of  the  regiment.  The  dead  and 
many  of  the  wounded  were  necessarily  left  in  the 
hands  of  the  enemy,  and  the  bodies  of  Col.  Hulings 
and  Lieut.-Col.  Miles  were  not  recovered. 

On  the  12th  of  May  the  regiment  was  again  en- 
gaged near  Spottsylvania  Court-House,  charging 
with  other  troops  on  that  part  of  the  Confederate 
works  known  as  the  "  Bloody  Angle."  The  fight 
raged  all  day,  and  the  slaughter  was  terrible,  but  the 
works  were  carried  and  occupied  by  the  Union  forces 
on  the  following  day.  L'p  to  this  time,  in  the  nine 
days  which  had  elapsed  since  the  regiment  crossed  the 
Rapidan,  its  losses  had  been  three  hundred  and  ninety- 
one  killed,  wounded,  and  missing,  reducing  its  num- 
bers to  about  one  hundred  and  thirty-five  effective 
men,  with  which  it  entered  the  engagement  of  .June 
1st  at  Cold  Harbor,  where  it  fought  for  two  days  ; 
then,  with  the  other  troops,  left  the  position,  marched 
to  and  crossed  the  James  River,  and  moved  to  the 
front  of  Petersburg,  where  it  remained  posted  .at  sev- 
eral diflerent  points  in  the  lines  encircling  the  be- 
leaguered city  till  the  11th  of  July,  when,  with  the 
other  commands  of  the  Sixth  Corps,  it  was  embarked 
and  transported  to  Washington  City,  where  it  arrived 
on  the  12th,  and  was  at  once  marched  out  to  meet  the 
Confederate  column,  which,  having  entered  Maryland 
across  the  Upper  Potomac,  was  moving  under  com- 
mand of  Gen.  Early  to  the  assault  of  the  works  around 
the  national  capital  by  way  of  Monocacy.  The  in- 
vading force  made  a  precipitate  retreat  before  the  ad- 
vance of  the  grim  and  battle-scarred  Sixth  Corps, 
which  kept  up  the  pursuit  until  it  had  crossed  the 
Potomac  and  reached  Berryville,  Va.  It  then  re- 
turned to  the  vicinity  of  Washington,  when  it  was 
soon  learned  that  Early  had  commenced  vigorous 
hostilities  in  the  Shenandoah  Valley  against  the  forces 
of  Gen.  Philip  H.  Sheridan.  The  Sixth  Corps  then 
marched  rapidly  to  Harper's  Ferry,  where  it  crossed 
the  Potomac,  and,  advancing  up  the  valley,  joined 
Gen.  Sheridan's  Army  of  the  Shenandoah. 

At  Winchester,  on  the  19th  of  September,  the  Forty- 
ninth  took  parr  in  the  battle  by  which  the  enemy's 
forces  were  routed  and  sent  "  whirling  up  the  valley." 
In  that  action  the  regiment  lost  forty-nine  killed  and 
wounded.  "  In  the  heat  of  the  engagement,"  says 
Bales,  "a  shell  burst  near  the  top  of  the  color-stafT, 
scattering  to  the  winds  the  few  remaining  shreds  of 
the  Hag,"  A  new  State  flag  was  presented  to  the 
regirmnt  on  the  26th  of  October. 

After  the  battle  at  Winchester  the  Forty-ninth  with 
its  brigade  remained  in  the  town,  guarding  prisoners 
and  on  other  duty,  until  the  29th  of  October,  when 
the  brigade  rejoined  the  division  and  corps  at  Cedar 
Creek.  In  November,  after  the  army  of  Gen.  Sher- 
idan had   expelled  the   Confederate  army  from  the 

irdered    back 



army  in  front  of  Petersburg,  and  arrived  there  on  the 
5th  of  December,  immediately  after  which  time  the 
Forty-ninth  went  into  winter-quarters  on  the  Weldon 
Eailroad.  On  the  opening  of  the  final  campaign  of 
the  war  in  the  spring  of  1865,  the  regiment  moved  on 
the  night  of  April  1st,  and  on  the  morning  of  the  2d 
took  part  in  the  grand  assault  which  broke  the  Con- 
federate line  and  caused  the  evacuation  of  Peters- 
burg, the  enemy  retreating  during  the  succeeding 
night  towards  Danville.  The  Sixth  Corps  pursued 
and  overtook  and  fought  the  flying  Confederates  at 
Sailor's  Creek,  routed  them,  and  took  seven  thousand 
prisoners,  incUulini;  tliricufneral  ofiicers.  The  Forty- 
ninth  lost  in  that  ailimi  hut  slightly, — seven  killed 
and  wounded.  Frdin  this  iicid  the  regiment  marched, 
in  charge  of  prisoners,  to  Appomattox  Court-House, 
where  it  arrived  on  the  day  of  the  great  surrender 
(April  9th).  After  that  decisive  event  it  moved  to 
Danville,  Va.,  reaching  there  on  the  27tli,  and  re- 
maining until  the  23(1  of  May.  The  surrender  of  the 
Confederate  army  under  Gen.  Johnston  in  North  Car- 
olina had  ended  the  war,  and  the  Forty-ninth  then 
turned  homeward,  and  marching  through  Richmond 
arrived  on  the  2d  of  June  at  the  Washington  defenses, 
where  it  remained  until  the  15th,  when  its  history 
was  closed  by  muster  out  of  the  service. 

The  list  of  officers  and  enlisted  men  of  the  Hunt- 
ingdon County  companies  in  the  Forty-ninth  is  as 
follows : 


Capt.  John  B.  Miles,  must,  in  Aug.  5,  ISGl ;  pro.  to  maj.  Oct.  16, 1S62. 
Capt.  J.  B.  Eckebarger,  must,  in  Oct.  2, 1801 ;  pro.  to  1st  lieut.  Oct.  10, 

1S61;  discli.  Nov.  19,1803. 
Capt.  A.  Boyd  Hutchinsou,  must,  in  Aug.  31, 1861;  trans,  to  Co.  G,  date 

Capt.  James  C.  Smith,  must,  in  Aug.  31, 1801 ;  pro.  from  1st  sergt.  to  2d 
.lieut.  Oct.  20, 1862;  trans,  from  Co.G  Junell,  1803;  pro.  to  1st  lieut. 

Feb.  26,  1864;  to  brevet  capt.  Aug.  1,  1804 ;  to  capt.  Juno  3,  1805; 

must,  out  with  company  July  15,  1865. 
First  Lieut.  F.  W.  Wombacher,  must,  in  Sept.  10,  1S61 ;  pro.  to  capt. 

Co.  E  March  16,  1864. 
Second  Lieut.  A.  G.  Dickey,  must,  in  Aug.  31, 1861 ;  res.  Oct.  27,  1802. 
Second  Lieut.  Cliristian  Dale,  must,  in  Dec.  31, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G 

Jan.  11,  1863;   pro.  to  2d   lieut.  March  4,  1S64;   com.  capt.  Co.  F 

June  27, 1805  ;  not  mustered ;  mustered  out  with  company  June  15, 

•  First  Sergeant  John  Miller,  must,  in  Aug.  31, 1801 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G 

j  Jan.  11,  1863;  pro.  from  Corp.  to  sergt.  Sept.  19,  1804  ;  to  Ist  sergt. 

I  April  6,  1805  ;  com.  Ist  lieut.  July  14,  1S64;  not  mustered;  mustered 

}  out  with  company  July  15,  1805 ;  vet. 

I  First  Sergt.  Jeremiah  C.  Brown,  must,  in  Aug.  30, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co. 

j  G  Jan.  11, 1863  ;  must,  out  Oct.  28,  1864.  expiration  of  term. 

I  First  Sergt.  Calvin  Cain,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan. 

[  11,  1863  ;  pro.  to  1st  sergt.  Oct.  23,  1864;  killed  at  Petei'sburg,  Va., 

i  April  6, 1865  ;  vet. 

'  First  Sergt.  George  S.Ketner,  must,  in  Aug.  31, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G 
Jan.  11,  1863  ;  pro.  to  1st  sergt.  March  4, 1864  ;  killed  at  Winches- 
ter, Va.,  Sept.  19, 1804  ;  vet. 

I  Sergt.  Henry  Entriken,  must,  in  Oct.  10,  1861 ;  pro.  from  Corp.  to  sergt. 

i  Sept.l, 1862;,  1863;   must,  out  with  com- 

'  pany  July  15. 1865;  vet. 

'  Sergt.  James  F.  Moore,  must,  in  Sept.  9, 1861 ;  pro.  to  corp.  Sept.  10, 1862 ; 

I  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11,  1863  ;  pro.  to  sergt.  Oct.  24,  1864 ;  com.  2d 

\  lieut.  July  14, 1865 ;  not  mustered  ;  must,  out  with  conjpany  July  15, 

Sergt.  Samuel  D.  Osborne,  must,  in  Sept.  3,  !S0l ;  pro.  to  Corp.  Sept.  1, 

1862;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11,  1803;  pro.  to  sergt.  April  6,  1865; 

must,  out  with  company  July  15,  1865  ;  vet. 
Sergt,  Harvey  Moore,  must,  in  Sept.  12,  1801 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

1803;  pro. to  sergt.  Oct.  31,  1S04;  absent,  sick,  at  must,  out;  vet. 
Seigt.  Rolrert  B.  Smith,  mii>t.  in  Aug.  30, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  D  Jan. 

11,  1803;  must,  out  Oct.  23,  1804,  expiration  of  term. 
Sergt.  Samuel  Stewart,  must,  in  Aug.  15, 1801 ;  discli.  on  surg.  certif. 

Sept.  17,  1861. 
Corp.  Eugene  Jeffries,  must,  in  Sept.  9, 1801 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

1803;  pro.  to  corp.  March  4,  1864;  must,  out  with  company  July  15, 

1865;  vet. 
Corp.  Jolin  T.  Hall,  must,  in  Sept.  12,  1801 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

1803;  pro.  to  corp.  Oct.  24,  1804;  must,  out  with  company  July  15, 

1805;  vet. 
Corp.  H.  W.  Marshall,  must,  in  Sept.  3,  1801 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

1803;  pro.  to  Corp.  Oct.  24,  1864;  must,  out  with  company  July  15, 

1805;  vet. 
Corp.  Merritt  D.  Stalbird,  must,  in  Sept.  9,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan. 

11,  1863  ;  pro.  to  corp.  July  1, 1865  ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

15,  1865 ;  vet. 
Corp.  Enos  S.  McCafferty,  must,  in  Sept.  4, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan. 

II,  1803;  pro.  to  corp.  Nov.  1,  1804:  must,  out  with  company  July 

15,  1865;  vet. 
Corp.  John  M,  Duey,  must,  in  .\ug.  31,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

1803 ;  pro.  to  corp.  Sept.  19, 1864;  killed  at  Petersburg  April  6, 1805  ; 

Corp.  Mm 



ma.  from  Co.  F  Jan. 
ed  in  action;  buried 

.  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

aii.s,  from  Co.G  Jan. 

IS.  from  Co.G  Jan.  11, 

.  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

a,  Joseph,  must,  in  Aug.  31.1861;  trail 
1863  ;  must,  out  with  company  July  15,  1805  ;  vet. 

Armpruster,  G  ,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11,  1803  ; 
must,  our  with  company  July  15,  1865;  vet. 

Arney,  Edward,  must,  in  Nov.  2,  1804;  must,  out  with  company  July 

Ambrosi',    -,  Ihn-I 


Beufer,  Lulhrr,  iiiu.^t. 

killed  at  Cold  Harbor  June  1,  1804. 
Butler,  David  R.,  must,  in  Sept.  3, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 1863; 

died  of  wounds  received  at  Cold  Harbor  June  1,  1865;  vet. 
Barnes,  Robert  P.,  must,  in  Sept.  12,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

Beck,  Edward  J.,  must,  in  March  18,1802;  trans,  from  Co.G  Jan.  11, 

1863;  must,  out  March  II,  1^'-,  .  -,[  ii.n;  f  1,1  in. 

Beck,  Jeremiah  C,  must,  in  F,  1    .       ;  -  ,      ii.,ni  Co.  D  Jan.  11, 

1863;  must,  out  Feb.  27, 1.^1   ',       :,i     1     ,       ■     ni 
Berkhiuier,  J.  1:,,  must,  in  Auu   .1,;      I,  i    .n-   li -lo  I'o.  G  Jan.  11, 1863  ■ 

'  ,  1-:;   trans,  from 

Co.  D  Jan 



;    -  , 

Co.  G  Jan 



i  ■•!   trrni. 

.      iKUis.  from 

■■0.  a  Jan. 



1  .  nans,  from 

Co.G  Jan 



1  111   II  lit  term. 

1,1.^61;  trans,  from 

Co.  G  Jan 



from  Co.G  Jan.  11, 1863; 
rns.  from  Co.  D  Jan.  11, 


Barnaclf.  Willi  'n:,  niu-i    in    .\i,_:    in 

1803;  must,  out  Oct.  23,  IS04,  e.Npiralion  of  term. 
Brozer,  William  B.,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  ISOt ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Ji 

1803  ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Feb.  6,  1863. 
Baumgardner,  A.,  must,  in  Sept.  7,1801;  trans,  from  Co.  D  Jan.  11, 1803 

disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Jan.  13, 1863. 
Bruman,  William,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1801;  trans,  from  Co.G  Jan.  11, 

1863  ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Jan.  17,  1803. 
Carter,  James,  must,  in  Feb.  9,  1864  ;  must,  out  July  15,  1865. 
Campbell,  Jo.seph,  must,  in  Marcli  12,1802;  trans,  from  Co.G  Jan.  11, 

1863;  must,  out  with  company  July  1.5,  1865;  vet. 
Carroll,  John,  must,  in  Sept.  9,  1801  ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11,  1863  ; 


Jan.  11,  1S63; 
Co.  F  Jan.  11, 
Co.  G  Jan.  II, 

Corbin,  William,  ninst.  in  .\ufr  :;1,  1  -'  !  ,  i    .:  - 

captured;  died  at  Andei-S"ti\  il       '    i      \     . 
Coon,  John  J.,  must- in  Sept. '.I.  1      .     '  : 

captured;  died  at  Anderenri  Ml;     '-^    >>t   . 
Cateraon,  Eobert  A.,  must,  in  Sei^t.  lo,  I^Gl ;  ti; 

18G3  ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Jan  6.  18(i4. 
Campbell,  David  S.,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  18G1 ;  tr 

1803;  disth.  on  surg.  cerlif.  Nov.  10,  lS(i3. 
Crosthwaite,J.  T.,  must,  in  Aug.  31,1861  ;  trans  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 18(53 

wounded  at  Cold  Harbor  Juno  l,18i;4;  must,  out  Oct. 2.3, 1864,  expi 

ration  of  term. 
Cromer,  George  W -i    i[i   \ii-      1    l^-l  ;  tiaus.  from  Co.  D  Jan.  11 

18G3;  must. out",  r         I      !     \i   u  cf  term. 

Coucb,  Robert  A.,  ini.-     n    \..      :     I -■  I  ;  trans,  from  Co.  D  Jan.  11 

Hoy,  Jobn  H.,  must,  in  Aug.  31, 1861;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11,  1863; 

discli.  on  BUrg.  certif.  July  27,  1864  ;  vet. 
Henderson,  James  F.,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

1864 :  trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps  Sept.  30, 1863. 
Hodgson,  Francis  M.,  must  in  Oct.  10,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

1863;  trans,  to  Signal  Corps  Aug.  12, 1S63. 
Uilands,  Roland,  must,  in  .Vug,  15,  1861;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Dec.  16, 

Huston,  Benja 

Aug.  15,  1861;  disch. 


Couts,  Clni- 
Colyer,  "  i 
Coder,  Jacu 

.  D  Ja 

)  Jan. 

,  1863 


lif.  Starch 

must,  out  Oct.  23,  1864.  expiration  of  term. 
Clark,  Alfred,  must,  in  Sept.  11, 1861 ;  disch.  o; 

Clarkson,  Benjamin  F.,  must,  iu  Aug.  .10,  ISOl ;  trans,  from  Co.  D  Jan. 

11,  1863;  trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps  Sept.  21,  1863. 
Coonroy,  Nicholas,  must,  in  Aug.  15, 1861 ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  April 

Dunkle,  John  N.,  must,  in  March  12, 1862 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

1863;  must,  out  with  company  July  15,  1S65;  vet. 
Debler,  P.iul,  must,  m  Sri.t.  9.  ISGl  ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  U,  1863  ; 

Dolby,  Thomas  0., 

Jackson,  Robert  S.,  must,  io  Sept.  12,  1861;  trans,  from  C«.  F  Jan.  11, 

1863;  must,  out  with  company  July  15,  1865;  vet. 
Keene,  Joseph  L.,  must,  in  Sept.  9,  1861 ;  trans. from  Co.F  Jan.ll,lS63; 

absent,  sick,  at  must,  out :  vet. 
Kuarr,  Levi  T.,  niusl.  in  Au.-  :il,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11,  1S63; 

disch.  -n  ■■;i-     .  .  ir  ■    I.       -n,  ]863. 
Knight.c;.    1.     11  -.|it.  8,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

186."-;  Ill-  '1  -    },  expiration  of  term. 

Kaup,  WilliiDii  li  ,  IN,-;    ;m    \mv-.  31,  1861;  tnrns.  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

1863;  must-  mit  ikt.  Si,  1.m,4,  expiration  of  term. 
Lcvengood,  ElBnger,  must,  in  Sept.  6,  1S61;  trans,  from  Co.F  Jan.  11, 

Leech,  Alexander,  must,  in  Feb.  9,  1864. 
Lichty,  William,  nnist.  in  Aug. 31,  1861;  trans,  from  Co. G  Jan.  11,1863; 

must,  out  Oct.  23,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Lawner,  Henry  E.,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

1863  :  must,  out  Oct.  23,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Lowry,  Jose],li,  mu-t.  in  Aug.  31,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11,  1^63  ; 

must,  out  Oct.  23, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Lanver,  Charles   It.,  mu>t.  in   Aug.  31.  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

lS63;(li-.K     '11. 111.-   r.-i  111,  Jan.  31,  1863. 

nel  S., 

,  1SU4, 

Dixou,  George  " 
David,  John  M., 

:xpiratioD  of 

must,  in  Aug.  3(i,  18 

ist.  out  Oct.  23, 18G4,  expirat 

M.,  must,  in  Aug.  30,  1861;  1 

must,  out  Oct.  2.3, 1864,  expiration  of 
Davidson,  Miles,  must,  in  Aug.  16, 1801; 

Deal.  Edmund,  must,  in  Aug.  16,  1861 ;  ki 
Eby,  Daniel,  nmst.  in  June  18,  1864,  8ul 

puny  July  15,  1805. 
Eckenroth,  Charles,  must,  in  March  15, 1362;  trans,  from  Co.  G.  Jan.  11, 

1863;  disch.  on  suig.  certif.  Feb.  6, 1803. 
Evens,  Machia,  must,  in  Aug.  15,  1861 ;  disrh.  on  surg.  certif  April  21, 

Foster,  Henry,  must,  iu  Aug.  31, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11,  1863. 
Franks,  John,  must,  in  Aug.  15, 1861 ;  died  Jan.  16,  1862. 
Fif/jendd,  Eeuison,  must,  in  Aug.  15, 1801 ;  killed  June  2S,  1862. 
Oreen,  Denson  M.,  must,  iu  Sept.  17,  ISCI ;  trans,  from  Co.  D  Jan.  11, 

1863;  absent  on  detached  service  at  must.  out. 
Gilchrist,  Samuel  A.,  in  Sept.  28,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  V  .Ian.  11, 

1863;  killed  at  Cold  Harbor  Juno  1, 1864  ;  vet. 
Griilis,  John,  luu-l-  ill  S'l'l.  0,  1801;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.   11,  1ni;3; 

in.  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11,  1863  ; 

Miller,.Io-i,l          ,1      11   -   ,1     ;,  1  SOI  ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11,  1.563; 

1,  Va.,  grave  559. 

absent,  . 

ins.  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11,1863; 

Moody,Kau,,i  1,111-1-1   in>-|-t  12,1861:  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 1863; 

•  rm. 

died  at  Washington,  D.  C,  Feb.  0,  1863. 

trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

.Masterson,  William,  must,  in  Sept.  9,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

11  of  term. 

1803;  must,  out  Oct.  23,  1804,  expiration  of  term. 


Maye.s,  Thomas  C,  must  in    An._-   M.  ISfil;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 


1803;  must,  out  (lit   j;,  l-t   -m  iioinn  of  term. 

,  trans,  from  Co.  D  Jan.  11, 

Jloon,  Jesse  H..  mu.-ti-i  -ii    ;j    l-    ;     1 1  mis,  fn.m  Co.  F  Jan.  11,1863; 

n  of  term. 

must,  out  Oct.  2;i.lM.i,-x|-ii,,ii--iinr  i.-rm. 

ms.  from  Co.  D  Jan.  11,  IS6;; ; 

Millard,  Charles  F.,  must,  in  .-epi.  -..,  l,~..l ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11,  '63. 


JlcCoole,  Jacob,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1801 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11,  1863  ; 

*ch.  on  surg.  certif.  June  10, 

must,  out  with  company  July  15,  1865;  vet. 

:>IctiMillen,  J.-liii,  uiii,t,  in  Aug.  l-Msol  ;  killed  in  action  June  28, 1862. 

ed  June  27, 1802. 

Naylor.  Willi  111,   T     m-i-l     i,   --;-;     -    ]■-  I     i-  m.    fi,-ni  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

titute;  must,  out  with  com- 

1803;. h        ,     1     ,-        -    -            ^   ,     1-        ;      ;           !  ui-i,-.d  at  Culpeper 


il  0,  1865;  vet. 

1,  ISCI  ;  trans. from  Co.  F  Jan.  II, '03 
I  SGI ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  II,  186:!; 

.  1-1  I ;  di.sch.  by  G.  0.  May  211,  1805. 
,  1-'  1;  Hans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  II,  1863; 

-1  I;   111, ns,  from  Co.F  Jan.  11,  1863; 

-I  ;  tl..liS,  from  Co.  r  Jan.  11.  1863; 


li'Neal.  James,  must,  in  Sept.  12,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  .Ian.  10,  1863; 

disch   on  surg.  certif.  April  17,  1803. 
I'reston,  Joseph  J.,  must,  in  Sept.  10,  1861;  trans,  from  Co,  F  Jan.  11, 

1803;  nuist,  out  Oct,  23, 1864,  expiration  of  term, 
Pedrick,  Lyman,  must,  in  Sept.  9,  1861:  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11,1863; 

disch.  an  snrg.  certif.  .Ian.  2,  1864. 
Sniilh-  Jacob,  must,  in  An-,  ;',1,  isni  ;  trans,   from  Co.  G  Jan,  11,  1863; 

^^lllllll,  i: L-i-  c,  must.  111  F.-l..  s,  1m;i,  trans,  from  Co,!;, Ian,  11,1863; 

Sturt/lniiii,  .1,11.1-.    -t.   1-1    1,11    :-,  l--;:,  trans,  from  Co.  D  Jan.  II, 

Secor,(; Ill-    II,-,-;    11    ~-r    1-1.  ;■'  I  ,  111, ii<,  from  ("o.  F  Jan. 11,1863; 

Smiley,  John,  inusl,  in  S,-pt    IJ.  I.-<i;l  ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  , Jan,  11, 1863; 

Spear,  Anilrew  J,,  must,  in  Sept.  11,  1861;  trans,  from   Co  F  Jan.  11, 

18G3;  must,  out  Oct.  23, 1864,  exiiiration  of  term. 
Shorthill,  James,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

1SG3;  disch.  on  snrg.  certif.  Feb.  0, 1863. 
ShafTuer,  Henry  H.,  must,  in  Aug.  15, 1861 ;  pro.  to  hospital  steward. 
Toot,  Tbomns,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 1863; 

mu-t.  out  with  company  July  1.5,  1805;  vet. 
Tboni|,s,,ii,  Corge  W.,  must,  iu  Aug.  31,1861;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.,-.;:;  must  ,iut  with  company  July  15, 1865;  vet, 
Tnriu-i,  A,i,ln-w,  must,  in  Sept,  12,  1801;    trans,    fiom  Co.  F  .Tan.  11, 


Ta.vlor,  William  H.,  must,  In  Aug.  31,  ISCl;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

1863  ;  must,  out  Oct.  23,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Walker,  Calvin  T.,  must,  in  Feb.  8, 1864;  must,  out  with  company  July 

15,  1865. 
Wolfe,  Franklin  C,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

Whitecraft,  George  S  ,  must,  in  Sept.  12,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

1S63-,  must,  out  Oct.  23.  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Wagner,  Benjamin  F.,  must,  in  Aug.  31, 1861 ;  trana.  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

1863;  must,  out  Oct.  23,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Working,  Samuel,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  G  Jan.  11, 

1S63  ;  must,  out  Oct.  23,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Whipple,  John,  must,  in  Aug.  15,  1861;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  June  19, 

Yeager,  .Spencer  G.,  must,  in  Sept.  9,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.   11, 

1863;  must,  out  with  company  July  1.5,  1865  ;  vet. 
Yeager,  David  S.,  must,  in  Sept.  8,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11,  1863  ; 

must,  out  with  company  July  15,  1865;   vet. 
Yeager,  Andrew  J.,  must,  in  Aug.  31,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  O  Jan.  11, 

Young,  Israel,  must,  in  March  28, 1862;  trans,  from  Co.  G  June  11,  1S63  ; 

must,  out  March  28,  1865,  expiration  of  term. 

Company  D. 
Capt.  James  D.  Campbell,  must,  in  Aug.  10, 1861 ;  resigned  Jan.  18, 1863. 
Capt.  James  A.  Quigley,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan. 
11,  1863;  wounded  May  12, 1864;  must,  out  Oct.  28,1864,  e.xpiration 

Capt.  John  W.  Russel,  must,  in  Aug.  15,  1861 ;  pro.  to  corp.  Nov.  1, 1861, 
to  sergt.  May  20, 1862,  to  Ist  sergt.,  and  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11, 
lS6o  ;  pro.  to  2d  lient.  March  16,  1864,  to  capt.  Nov.  30,  1864  ;  must, 
out  with  company  July  17,  1865;  vet. 

First  Lieut.  Julin  H.  Westbrook,  must,  in  Aug.  30,  1861 ;  disch.  Nov.  19, 

First  Lieut.  William  Sherwood,  must,  io  Aug.  6,  1861;  pro.  from  Corp. 
to  sergt-  Nov.  25,  1861,  to  1st  sergt.  Jan.  8, 1862,  to  1st  lieut.  Aug. 
,5,  1S62;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11,  1863;  pro.  to  capt.  Co.  F  March 

11,  1863  ;  pro.  to  Corp.  June  17,  1864  ;  must. 
15,  1865;  vet. 

t  with  company  July 
.  Sept.  10, 


Frank  Y.  McDonald,  must,  in  Aug. 

Second    Lit  ut.    Benjamin  H.  Downing,  mui 

from  Co.  B  Jan.  11,  1863;  trans,  to  Co.  E  March  16,  1864, 
First  Sergt.  Davis  H.  Law,  must,  in  Aug.  15,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  B 

Jan.  11,  1863;  pro.  from  corp.  to  sergt.  Jan.  17, 1864,  to  1st  sergt. 

April  7, 1865  ;  com.  2a  lieut.  July  14, 1865 ;  must,  out  with  company 

July  17,  1865;  vet. 
First  Sergt.  Stephen  Transen,  must,  in  Aug.  21, 1861 ;  pro.  to  corp.  Nov. 

Ill,  1861,  to  sergt.  May  20,  1862;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11,  1863; 

pro.  to  1st  sergt.  March  16,  1864,  to  sergt.-maj.  April  7,  1865;  vet. 
Sergt.  William  Sollars,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan. 

11,1863;  must,  out  with  company  July  15,  1865;  vet. 
Sergt.  Theodore  B.  Reeder,  must,  in  Aug.  17,  1860;  trans,  from  Co.  C 

Jan.  11, 1863 ;  pro.  to  sergt.  March  16, 1864 ;  must,  out  with  company   I 

Sergt.  Charles  D.  Train,  must,  in  Sept.  1, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan. 

11,1863;  pro.  to  Corp.  May  12,  1864;  pro.  to  sergt.  Nov.  30,  1864; 

must,  out  with  company  July  15, 1865  ;  vet. 
Sergt.  Daniel  S.  Daler,  must,  in  Aug.  15,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11, 

1803  ;  pr.j.  to  Corp.  Nov.  15,  1864,  to  sergt.  April  7,  1865  ;  must,  out 

with  company  July  15,  1865  ;  vet. 
Sergt.  Daniel  S.  Swyers,  must,  in  Aug.  19, 1861 ;  pro.  from  corp.  to  sergt. 

Aug.  29,  1862;  from  Co.  A.Jan.  11,  1863;  killed  at  Spottsylvania 

Court-House  May  10,  1864  ;  vet. 
Sergt.  Frank  A.  Brown,  must,  in  Aug.  15, 1.861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.   ; 

11,  1863;  died  Juno  17,  1864,  at  Wilmington,  Del.,  of  wounds  re-    ' 

ceived  at  Spottsylvania  Oourt-House  May  10,  1864  ;  vet.  1 

Sergt.  Thomas  G.  Hutchinson,  must,  in  Aug.  21,  1861;  pro.   to  Corp. 

March  14,  1862  ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11, 1863 ;  pro.  to  sergt.  Sept. 

10,  18M;  must,  out  Sept.  25,  1864,  at  expiration  of  term.  I 

Sergt.  James  Hill,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861 ;  pro.  to  corp.  Nov.  6,  1862; 

trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11, 1863  ;  pro.  to  sergt.  May  12,  1864  ;  must. 

outSept.  10, 1864,  at  exjiiration  of  term. 
Corp.  W.  H.  Ammerman,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.   ' 

Corp.  Uriah  Kitchen,  must,  in  March  24,1864;  pro. 

18C4;  must,  out  with  company  July  15,  1865. 
Corp.  J.  C.  Montgomery,  must,  in  Aug.  15,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan. 

11,  Iso:'.;  jiro.  to  Corp.  Nov.  23,  1864;  must,  out  with  company  July 

I.'-.,  1S6,-.  ;  vet. 
Corp.  Oliver  P.  Wilson,  must. in  Sept.  1, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11, 

1863;  pro.  to  Corp.  March  1,  1865;  must,  out  with  company  July  15, 

1865  ;  vet.  ' 

Corp.  Solomon  Martin,  must,  in  Sept.  7, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan. 

11,  1863;  pro.  to  corp.  April  7,  1865;  must,  out  with  company  July 

15,  IS6.5;  vet. 
Corp.  John  U.  Pratt,  must,  in  March  8, 1864  ;  pro.  to  sergt.  June  5, 1865  ; 

must,  out  with  company  July  15, 1865. 
Corp.  John  A.  Jackson,  must,  in  Feb.  6, 1863 ;  absent,  sick,  at  muster  out. 
Corp.  William  A.  Johnson,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  A 

Jan.  11,  1863;  killed  at  Spottsylvania  Court-House  May  10,  1864; 

Corp.  Jacob  Shriver,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  and  pro. 

to  Corp.  Jan.  11,  1863;  died  June  17,  1864,  of  wounds  received  at 

Spottsylvania  Court-House  May  10,  1864;  buried  in  National  Cem- 
etery, Arlington,  Va. ;  vet. 
Corp.  Joseph  B.  Brown,  must,  in  Aug.  15, 1801 ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan. 

11,  1863;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Feb.  16,  1863. 
Corp.  James  C.  Langton,  must,  in  Sept.  12,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan. 

11,  1863  ;  ilLsch.  Oct.  24,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Arbogast,  John,  must,  in  Aug.  20,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11,1863  ; 

must,  out  Oct.  23, 1864, expiration  of  term. 
Brobb,  Isaac,  must,  in  Feb.  8, 1864;  substitute;  must,  out  with  company 

July  15,  1865. 
Brown,  George  W.,  must,  in  June  10, 1864 ;  substitute  ;  must,  out  with 

company  July  15, 1865. 
Brown,  Andrew  C,  must,  in  Sept.  7, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11  , 

1863;  died  June  15,  1864,  of  wounds  received  at  Spottsylvania  May 

10,1864;  vet. 
Boyd,  Aaron  B.,  must,  in  Aug.  1,5,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  H,  1863; 

must,  out  Sept.  10,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Brewer,  Andrew  J.,  must,  in  June  1,  1864;  disch.  by  S.  0.  Dec.  25,  1865. 
Bathurst,  Andrew  G.,  must,  in  Sept.  1,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  F  Jan.  11, 

1.SC3;  disch.  by  G.  O.  Jan.  15,  1865;  vet. 
Cronen,  Patrick,  must,  in  March  8,  I860 ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

St. out  with  company  July 
St.  out  with  company  July 
from  Co.  E  Jan.  11,  1S63; 
.from  Co.  EJan.  11,1863; 
from  Co.  B  Jan.  11,  1803; 
from  Co.  A  Jan.  11,  1863  ; 

1861;  disch.  Nov. 



Cough  1 

n,  Micl 

ael,  must.,1862;mi 

g.  15,1861;  trans. 


LSI-,,-,  ;  v 

6,  1864. 


IT,  Wil 

iam.must.iuFeb.  8,  1864;m 

Conklin,  John,  must,  in  Aug.  15,  1861 ;  t 

disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Dec.  3,  1864. 
Climpson,  M ilton,  must,  in  Aug.  1, 1861 ;  1 

disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Jan.  22, 1863. 
Camp,  Essex  P.,  must,  in  Aug.  28,  1862 ;  t 

disch.  by  S.  O.  May  12,  1863. 
Cadee,  Erastus,  must,  in  Aug.  19, 1861 ;  t 

disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Feb.  6, 1863. 
Corkle,  Jackson  J.,  must,  in  Aug.  28,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11, 

1863;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  17, 180,5. 
Cook,  George  M.,  must,  in  June  3,  1864;  disch.  by  G.O.  June  29,  1866. 
Cade,  Charles   H.,  must,  in  .\ug.  19,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11, 

1SC3  ;  disch.  Sept.  10,  1864,  e.xpiration  of  term. 
Daller,  Benjnmin,  must,  in  Feb.  4,  1864  ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

15,  IS 


Aug.  15, 1861;  I 

apany  July 


Downing,  William  H.,  must,  in  Jan.  20, 1802;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11, 

1S63  ;  killed  at  Spottsylvania  May  10,  1804. 
Dehass,  Curtis,  must,  in  May  3,  1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  22,  1664. 
Eberhart,  Solomon,  must,  in  Dec.  8, 1864  ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

15,  1665. 
Elder,  Thomas  J.,  must,  in  June  1,  1804;  must,  out  with  company  July 

15,  1865. 
Eckley,  Joseph,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11, 1863  ; 

must,  out  Sept.  15,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Fravel,  Samuel  F.,  must,  in  Aug.  14,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.   E   J  n 

1863 ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Jan.  29, 1863. 
Fiain,  Samuel  T.,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11, 

1863  ;  must,  out  Sept.  10,  1664,  e.xpiration  of  term. 


Cla.lfi.-ltiT,  Willhim  A.,  must,  in  Aiir.  21,  Isiil  :  Irans  from  Co.  E  Jan. 

lI,lSi;3;  killed  at  SlK)tt.s.vlvaniii  May  III,  1!.C4;  vi-t. 
GcBsick,  Augustus,  must,  in  Sept.  l,l«i;i;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11, 

Gray,  Saniu-1,  must,  in  Aug.  16,  l.SGl  ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11,  1SG3; 

must,  out  Oct.  24,  WrA,  i-xpir.ition  of  term. 
Iliukle,  George  \V.,  must.  In  Aug.  l.i,  ISGl;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11, 

McFarland.  W.  H.,  must,  in  Aug.  19,1801;  al.sent,  sick,  at  must,  out;  vet. 
McAffee,  Daviil,  must,  in  Aug.  19, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  D  Jan.  11, 1SC3; 

(lisch.  on  surg.  certif.  Feb.  25,  186.1. 
McClauskey,  C„  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11. 1S62; 

must,  out  Sept.  10, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
McMain,  Thomas,  must,  in  Feb.  4,  1864;  disch.  on  surg.  certif. 
McClenahan,  R.  G  .  must,  in  Aug.  14, 1861 ;  trans,  from  V<i.  E  Jan.  11, 

1862;  nin^t     i:f  * irt  2''.  1'^n4,  expiration  of  term. 
McKinley,.!  ■  r    <•■'■-'  ■     \'-   I'l,  l-SCl;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11, 1S62; 

B   Ja 


from  Co.  A  Jan.  11, 


opany  July 

g,  19,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co, 
ug.  19,  ISGl ;  trans,  from  Co 

A  Ja 

,  1S63 


A  Jan. 

arlUe^-.  ijcoi;;..-,  must,  in  Aug.  19.  1861;  1 

186.i ;  must,  out  Sept.  15, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
I  ckrott,  Lewis  P.,  must,  iti  Aug.  15, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11, 

1863:  mnst.  out  Sept.  10,  1864,  expiration  of  term, 
iitton.  George  W,,  must,  iu  Aug.  19,  1861;  trans,  from  Co,  ■\.  Jan.  11, 

1863  ;  must,  out  Sept.  10, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
iiffmaii,  Dauiel,  must,  in  .Sept.  10,1801;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11, 

181.3 ;  mnst.  out  Oct.  23,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
.  i,.!i  I  l.~.  Ilezckiali,  must,  in  Feb.  8, 1864;  disch.  on  snrg.  certif.  May 

:,].!.  .I.l.n  51.,  must,  in  Aug.  19,1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  C  11, 1863; 
\vi  uiHled  at  Spottsylvania  Courl-Hguse  Blay  10,  1864;  must,  out 

I  March 

Tom  Co.  A  Jan.  11,  1,m:.3, 
from  Co.  A  Jan.  11,  1863; 

Peter,  must,  in  Aug.  19, 1861 ; 
ast.  out  Aug.  24, 1864,  expiratio: 

David,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  ISGl 
list,  out  Sept.  15,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
,  John  C,,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  J; 
u,t.,int  Willi  rniiipany  July  15,  1866;  Tct.,  iiiii~t,  in   March  8,  1865;  must,  out  with  o<: 

Owens,  Matthew,  nuist.  in  Aug.  19, 1864;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11,1863; 

killed  at  Spottsylvania  Court-House  May  10,  1864. 
Osborne,  J.din,  must,  in  March  17,  1863. 
Owens,  William,  must,  in  Sept.  12,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11, 1863  ; 

nmst.  out  Oct.  20, 1864,  expiration  of  term, 
Csborne,  Abiah  D.,  must,  in  Feb.  4,  1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  17,  1863. 
Packer,  James  M.,  must,  in  May  31, 1864;  must,  out  with  company  July 

15,  1865. 
Perry,  Charles,  must,  in  Aug,  19,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11,  1803; 

died  May  11,  1864,  of  wounds  received  at  Spottsylvania  Court-House 

May  111,  1864. 
Patton,  Hugh,  must,  in  June  7,  1804. 

Ricli,'    ,    ,'    !.;i    I:,;-'    I'l    \    J    1  I,  IsOl  ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  11,  1863; 

II   -       .   !    ;         -.     I  \         JO.  1861;  trans,  from  Co.   E   Jan.  11, 

1-   ,      i,   ,1    It  1     II  1',  ;  I,.  ,i-  ihiy  14,1864. 
Ko,se,  William,  inii^t.  in  Aii^.  I'.i,  1S6I :  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11,  1803; 

ilisch.  on  surg.  certif.  Feb.  23,  1862. 
Reading,  Amos,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11,  1863; 

must,  out  Sept.  IS,  1S64,  expiration  of  term. 
Ulioads,  Peter,  must,  iu  Sept.  7, 1801;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11,1863; 

uiust.  out  Oct.  23, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Kimly.n.W,  C,,in  Aug.  15,1861;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11, 1S63; 

I,  ::,  ,1    ,:  I-  ■  1  II, iil.or  Junes,  1864. 
Ki-      "  111  Aug.  19,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  II,  1803; 

-  V  , Ilia  Court-House  May  10,  1864. 

SL.ii      I,   Si  III  ,1    111  .Mairli  18,1862;  trans,  from  Co.E  Jan. II, 1863; 

nil  .1     ,  III   uilli         i„ii;,ii>    July  15,1865;  vet. 
Si. .1,1,    M,,ill,,«    11.  nil. -I    II.  .Sou.  19,  1861;  trans.from  Co.  A  Jan.II, 

1  -I,  '.  :  KiM--.l  ,if  ,-^|.,,.ti-\  1\  iini  Ci.urt-House  May  10,  1804. 
Spi.  .  .  ,,T,  1,  nil  ill.  niii-t    ill   \ii^-  III.  I.SOI;  traus.  from  Co,  A  Jan.  11,1803; 

Spiiigler,  Jonas,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  ISGl ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  1I,18G3; 

iliscb snrg.  certif.  Jan.  10.  1805;  vet. 

Slniiik,  William  H,,  mnst.  in  Aug.  9,  1862;, 

I^i;:; ;  .Um-Ii,  i.y  i;,  o.  June  17, 1SC5. 

«61  ; 


Aug.  I,-.,  isi.l  ;  trans,  from  C.  I!  Jan.  II 

Co.  E  Jan 
Co.  E  Jan 

15, -1861;  trans,  fro 

.  from  C,  n  Ja 

"_•,  I.',  ISGl  ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Ja 

V.i,.  19,1864;  vet. 

ill  Aug.  10,  1861;  trans,  from  Co. 

company  July  15, 1865;  vet. 

ing.  14,  ISGl ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Ja 

iiy  July  15,  1805;  vet. 

■    ill  Aug.  19,  l.'iOl  ;  trans,  from  Co 

E  Jan.  II, 



Wilkinson,  S.  D.nuist.  in  Aug.  16,1861;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11,186.3; 

must,  out  witli  company  July  16,  1865 ;  vet. 
W..o.l.>ii,    .V.lain  B,  must,  in  Sept.  1,  1861;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11, 

1S6:J;  nmst.  "ut  with  company  July  15,  1865;  Tet. 
Wintcroii,  Philip,  must,  in  March  16,1863;  must,  out  with  company 

July  15,  1865. 
Watliins,  William,  must,  in  Aug.  14,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11, 

1H63;  must,  out  with  company  July  15,1865;  vet. 
Waters,  Erastus  J.  C,  must,  in  Oct.  8,  1863;  killed  at  Spottsylvania  May 

10,  1864. 
Wolf,  Charles,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11,  186.5; 

ilicil  at  Philadelphia  June  28,  1863. 
Walker,  David,  must,  in  Aug.  19,  1861  ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11, 1863; 

died  Aug.  9, 1863;  buried  in  Military  Asylum  Cemetery,  D.  C. 
Wallers,  Frazier,  must,  in  Aug.  13,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11, 1863; 

W.atkins,  .lohii, 

di.sch.on  »in 

Walizer,  Elia.t, 

trans,  from  Co.  B  Jan.  11,  1863; 
disch.  on  surg.  ccrtif.  May  27, 

from  Co.  E   Jai 

Wolfe,  Gideon  W.,  must,  in  Aug.  21, 1861 ; 

1863 ;  must,  out  Oct.  23, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Williamson,  T.  M.,  must,  in  Aug.  21,  1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11, 

1863;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  June  21,  1865;  vet. 
Weher,  Sylvester,  must,  in  Aug.  21, 1S61  ;  trans,  from  Co.  E  Jan.  11, 1863 ; 

must,  out  Oct.  23, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Workman,  Jacob,  must,  in  Aug.  19, 1861 ;  trans,  from  Co.  A  Jan.  11, 1863 ; 

must,  out  Oct.  23,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Targer,  Abnim,  must,  in  Feb.  8, 1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  22,  1865. 

The  FiftytMrd  Regiment,  of  which  Col.  John  E. 
Brooke,  of  .Alonti^oiiiery  County,  was  the  first  com- 
manding officer,  was  organized  at  Camp  Curtin  in 
September  and  October,  1861,  being  composed  of 
companies  recruited  in  Montgomery,  Cheater,  Blair, 
Huntingdon,  Clearfield,  Centre,  Carbon,  Union,  Lu- 
zerne, Potter,  Westmoreland,  Northumberland,  and 
Juniata  Counties.  The  men  recruited  in  Blair  and 
Huntingdon  Counties  formed  "  C"  company,  of  which 
John  H.  Wintrode  was  captain. 

Moving  from  Harrisburg,  Nov.  7,  1861,  the  regi- 
ment proceeded  to  Washington,  D.  C,  whence,  on 
the  27th  of  the  same  month,  it  crossed  the  Potomac 
and  went  into  camp  near  Alexandria,  Va.,  which  be- 
came its  winter-quarters.  In  March,  1862,  it  moved 
forward  with  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  in  the  fruit- 
less advance  on  Manassas,  and  from  that  march  re- 
turned to  Alexandria,  where  it  was  assigned  to  the 
Third  Brigade  of  Richardson's  (First)  division  of  the 
I  Second  Corps,  commanded  by  Gen.  Edwin  V.  Sumner. 
i  About  the  1st  of  April  the  regiment  with  its  corps 

j  was  transported  by  water  to  the  Virginia  Peninsula, 
I  and  moved  with  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  to  the  line 
I  in  front  of  Yorktown.  The  enemy  evacuated  that 
I  place  in  the  night  of  the  3d  of  May,  and  on  the  fol- 
j  lowing  day  the  army  moved  on  in  pursuit,  arriving 
I  the  same  night  at  Williamsburg,  where  a  blooily  battle 
[  was  fought  on  the  -ath.  On  the  6th  the  Filiy-tliir.l 
returned  to  Yorktown  and  remained  five  days,  then 
moved  by  steamer  up  the  Y'ork  River  to  West  Point, 
I  marching  thence  to  the  line  occupied  by  the  army 
J  along  the  Chickahominy.  Crossing  that  stream  on 
I  the  night  of  the  31st  of  May,  it  took  part  in  the 
battle  at  Seven  Pines  on  the  following  day,  losing 
I  nearly  one  hundred  men  in  killed,  wounded,  and 
I        missing,  and  showing  through  the  conflict  a  steadi- 

ness and  bravery  that  elicited  the  commendation  of 
the  division  and  corps  commanders.  On  the  27th  of 
June,  when  the  right  wing  of  the  army  was  closed  in 
deadly  conflict  with  the  enemy  at  Gaines'  Mill,  the 
Fifty-third,  being  a  part  of  the  left  wing,  was  posted 
on  the  York  River  Railroad,  on  the  other  side  of  the 

I  Chickahominy;  but  late  in  the  afternoon,  when  the 
battle  had  turned  against  the  Union  forces  under 
Gen.    Porter,   this    regiment   with   its   division    was 

(  thrown  across  the  river  to  their  succor,  and  entering 
the  fiery  arena,  helped  to  hold  the  victorious  Confed- 
erates in  check  until  the  friendly  darkness  came  on, 
and  then  amid  the  shades  of  night  all  recrossed  to 
the  south  side  of  the  stream,  destroying  the  bridges 

'  behind  them.  The  main  body  of  the  army  at  once 
took  up  the  line  of  march  for  the  James  River,  and 
the  First  Division  of  Sumner's  corps  covered  the  re- 
treat, becoming  hotly  engaged  with  the  pursuing 
enemy  at  Peach  Orchard,  and  at  Savage  Station  on 
Sunday,  the  29th.  Moving  on  from  this  encounter 
the  command  crossed  White  Oak  Swamp  and  moved 
on  in  good  order,  frequently  turning  to  fight  on  its 
way  to  Malvern  Hill,  where  it  arrived  in  the  forenoon 
of  Tuesday,  July  1st.  In  the  tremendous  conflict  of 
that  day  the  Fifty-third  was  not  closely  engaged, 
though  under  a  heavy  fire  for  several  hours.  Between 
midnight  and  dawn  of  the  2d  it  again  moved  on, 
crossing  Turkey  Creek,  and  covering  the  retreat  of 
the  army  from  the  field  of  victory  to  Harrison's  Land- 
ing, where  a  new  base  of  supply  was  made,  and  where 

•  the  Fifty-third  remained  with  its  corps  until  the 
16th  of  August,  when  it  moved  with  the  other  troops 
down  the  Peninsula  to  Newport  News,  whence  it  was 
moved  by  transports  to  Alexandria,  under  orders  to 
reinforce  Gen.  Pope,  who  was  being  overwhelmed  on 

]  the  Rappahannock.  It  did  not  arrive  in  time  to  take 
part  in  the  .second  Bull  Run  battle,  though  within 
hearing  of  the  distant  roar  of  conflict  on  the  30th, 
while  on  the  march  towards  Centreville,  where  it  ar- 
rived on  the  following  day.  It  was  at  once  placed  in 
position  to  cover  the  retreat  of  the  defeated  Army  of 
Virginia  to  the  Potomac,  and  having  done  this  with 
the  usual  steadiness  and  gallantry,  it  moved  across 
the  river  to  a  position  northwest  of  Washington,  Sep- 
tember 3d,  and  a  few  days  later  was  again  on  the 
march  in  the  campaign  of  South  Mountain  and  An- 
tietam.  In  the  first  of  these  two  engagements  it  took 
no  active  part,  being  held  in  reserve.  It  reached  An- 
tietam  Creek  on  the  16th,  and  in  the  great  battle  of 
the  17th  was  engaged  early  in  the  day,  holding  posi- 
tion on  the  extfeme  right  of  the  division,  charging 
the  enemy  and  driving  him  from  his  strong  position  in 
its  front,  and  holding  the  ground  against  all  attempts 
of  the  Confederates  to  reoccupy  it.  Later  in  the  day 
the  regiment  was  posted  in  support  of  a  battery,  and 
was  under  an  exceedingly  heavy  fire  for  many  liours. 
Its  loss  at  Antietam  was  twenty-eight  killed  and 
wounded.  After  the  battle  it  moved  with  its  brigade 
in  pursuit  of  the  enemy,  and  on  the  22d  crossed  the 



Potomac  into  Virginia.  The  Cont'ederate  army  had 
escaped,  and  tlie  troops  rested  for  more  tlian  a  month 
at  Bolivar  Heights,  near  Harper's  Ferry.  On  the 
30th  of  October  it  moved  southeast  across  the  Shen- 
andoah, fighting  at  Snicker's  Gap  on  the  -Itli  of  No- 
vember, reaching  Warrenton  on  tlie  9th,  thence 
marching  to  Falmouth,  opposite  Fredericksburg, 
and  arriving  there  on  the  19th. 

In  the  campaign  of  Fredericksburg,  the  Fifty-third 
crossed  the  Rappahannock  on  the  12th  of  December, 
driving  the  enemy's  light  forces  from  the  bank  of  the 
river,  and  occupied  a  part  of  the  town.  Early  in  the 
day  of  the  great  battle  (December  13th)  the  regiment 
with  its  brigade  formed  line  of  battle  along  the  south 
border  of  the  town,  and  after  a  halt  of  nearly  two 
hours  in  that  position,  all  the  while  under  a  terrible 
tire  from  the  enemy's  batteries,  advanced  at  double- 
quick  towards  the  famed  stone  wall  that  barred  the 
way  to  the  acclivity  of  Marye's  Heights.  Here,  as  at 
other  points  along  the  line,  the  rocky  barricade  proved 
impregnable  to  the  Union  assault,  but  the  Third  Bri- 
gade charged  up  to  within  twenty-five  rods  of  it,  and 
held  its  position  there  in  the  face  of  a  fire  as  destruc- 
tive as  any  that  was  ever  poured  into  an  advancing 
column,  and  through  all  the  remaining  hours  of  the 
day  they  held  it  against  repeated  attacks  by  the  enemy 
until  night  closed  in  on  the  scene  of  carnage,  and 
then,  and  not  till  then,  they  retired  from  the  advanced 
line  and  made  their  cheerless  bivouac  in  the  town. 
The  Fifty-third  lost  in  this  engagement  one  hundred 
and  fifty-six  killed  and  wounded,  which  was  consid- 
erably more  than  half  the  effective  strength  with 
which  it  entered  the  fight.  On  recrossing  the  river  it 
reoccupied  its  old  quarters  at  Falmouth,  where  it  re- 
mained employed  in  provost  and  camp  duty  during 
the  winter. 

In  the  spring  campaign  of  lS(i3,  the  regiment 
moved  from  its  camp  on  the  28th  of  April,  crossed 
ihc  Rappahannock  at  United  States  ford,  and  marched 
to  Chancellorsville,  where  it  took  part  in  the  great 
battle  during  the  three  days  of  its  continuance,  suf- 
fering considerable  loss.  On  the  6th  of  May  it  re- 
crossed  the  river  with  the  army  and  returned  to  its 
old  quarters  near  Falmoutli.  When  it  was  ascer- 
tained that  the  Confederate  army  under  Lee  was 
moving  to  the  invasion  of  Murylund  and  IVnnsylva- 
nia,  the  regiment  (which  was  then  in  the  Fourth 
Brigade  of  the  First  Division  of  the  Second  Corps) 
marched  on  the  14th  of  June  to  Banks'  Ford,  to 
observe  the  movements  of  the  enemy,  and  imme- 
diately afterwards  moved  northward»with  its  corps  to 
Thoroughfare  Gap,  where  it  became  eng.aged  with  the 
enemy  on  the  20th.  It  remained  there  in  position 
until  the  2,")th,  when  it  resumed  the  march  northward, 
and  reached  the  field  of  Gettysburg  at  8  o'clock  a.m. 
on  the  2d  of  July,  three  companies  of  the  regiment, 
however,  being  absent  on  detached  duty.  The  efl'ec- 
tive  strength  with  which  the  Fifty-third  entered  the 
battle    of   Cettysburg    was   only    one    liundreil    and 

liber  it  suffered  a  loss 
jnded    in    the   great 

twenty-five  men,  out  of  which 
of  seventy-three  killed  and 

From  this  time  to  the  close  of  the  war  the  Hunt- 
ingdon and  Blair  men  in  Company  C  participated  in 
all  the  campaigns  and  battles  in  which  the  regiment 
was  engaged.  Among  the  battles  in  which  the  com- 
pany was  prominently  engaged  were  Rappahannock 
Station,  Bristoe  Station,  Mine  Run,  Wilderness,  Po 
River,  Spottsylvania  Court-House,  Cold  Harbor,  June 
•2,  18154;  Petersburg,  Va.,  June  16,  1864;  Ream's 
Station,  Va.,  Aug.  21,  1864;  Boydton  Plank-Road, 
Five  Forks,  Deep  Creek,  Va.,  April  6,  1864;  and  at 
Appomattox  Court-House  at  Lee's  surrender.  Shortly 
after  this  the  company,  with  other  troops,  returned 
by  way  of  Washington  to  Harrisburg,  from  whence 
the  men  returned  to  their  homes  and  to  the  pursuits 
of  civil  life. 


Capt.  JohD  H.  Wintrode,  must,  in  Oct.  17, 1S61 ;  res.  Dec.  3, 1802. 
Capt.  Heur.v  J.  Smith,  must,  in  Oct.  17,  1801 ;  pro.  from  1st  sergt.  to  2 

lieut.  M.iy  9,  1S62,  to  capt,  Jau.  1,  180^;  discli.  March  16,  1805. 
1st  Lieut.  Robert  McXamara,  must,  in  Oct.  17,  1S61 ;  res.  May  9, 1802. 
Ist  Lieut.  Samuel  M.  Rojer,  must,  in  Oct.  17, 1861 ;  pro.  from  2d  to  li 

lieut.  Ma.v  9,  1S02;  res.  Dec.  1,  1802. 
let  Lieut.  D.  S.  Fouse,  must,  in  Oct.  17, 1861 ;  pro.  from  sergt.  to  Ist  lieu 

Dec.  1,  1SC2;  must,  out  Oct.  S,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
1st  Lieut.  Andrew  J.  Merrett,  must,  in  Oct.  17, 1801 ;  pro.  to  corp.,  to  It 

sergt.,  to  2d  lieut.  May  1,  I860,  to  Ist  lieut.  May  18,  1865  ;  must,  oi 

with  company  June  30, 1805;  vet. 
2d  Lieut.  John  McLaughlin,  must,  in  Oct.  17, 1S61 ;  pro.  from  serirt.  t 

2d  lieut.  Jan.  1,  1803;  com.  1st  lieut.  Oct.  S,  1864;  not  mustered 

must,  out  April  24, 1865,  to  date  March  14,  1805. 
lat  Sergt.  Andrew  J.  Fleck,  must,  in  Oct.  17,  1S61 ;  pro.  to  corp.  May  li 

1M,4.  t,.  .lergt.  Nov.  2,  1864,  to  1st  sergt.  May  2,  1SC5;  absent  wit 

?t.  in  Oct.  17, 1861 ;  pro.  to  sergt.;  must, 

11^1,17, 1861 ;  pro,  to  Corp.  Feb.  26, 1864, 
■  lit  with  company  June  30,  ISO.'i ;  vet. 
'1.  1.  17,  1S61;  pro.tocorp.  July  1,1864, 

,  out  with  company  June  3o,  1865;  vet. 

Oct.  17,  1861;  pro.  to  corp.  July  1,  1864, 

it.  out  with  company  June  3U,  1805 ;  vet. 

t  in  Oct.  17,  1861  ;  pro.  to  sergt. ;  pris- 
16,  1»64,  to  April  28,  1865 ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  May  29, 

Oct.  17, 1861 ,  pro.  to  sergt. ;  captured  ; 
disili,  by  G.  0,  June  211,  1805;  vet. 

(Iiiite  of  musler  in  Oct.  17,  1861,  except  where  noted.) 
Sergt.  <;,  AV.  M.iitt^'umery,  pro,  to  sergt.;  died  at  Philailrlpliia  July  1, 

l<sii4,  nf  wuiiiids  received  in  action  near  Petersburg,  Va.;  vet, 
Sergt.  William  D,  Shontz,  must,  in  Oct,  27,  1801;  pro .  to  sergt, ;  killed  at 

Spottsylvania  Court-House  May  10,  1864. 
Sergt,  Authony  J,  Beaver,  pro.  to  sergt.;  trans,  to  Vet.  Ues.  Corps  May  15, 

Sergl.  Jol 

n  Kodgers, 

10  ser 

,'t,  June  16, 

Sergt.  Ila 

id  B,  Roth 


rora  June  1 



Sergl.  Sai 

i.el  W.  Gill 

Scrtrt.  Matth 

1  Cemetery,  Gettysburg, 

;orp,  July 

Corp,  William  Fernwalt, 

pauy  June  ;!M,  1865;  vet. 
Corp,  David  A,  Sias,  pro.  to  corp.  Sept.  4, 1864;  must,  out  with  company 

Juno  311, 1S05;  vet. 
Corp.  Matthias  (Juerry,  must,  in  Feb.  15,  1864;  pro.  to  corp,  Sept.  21, 

l.'*64;  must,  <ult  with  company  June  30,  1805;  yet. 
Corp.  Ludeii  IS.  Mori  is,  must,  in  Feb.  3,  1864;  pro.  to  Corp.  Nov.  2,  1864; 

must,  out  with  ronipany  June  30, 1865. 
Corp.  John  C,  Slates,  must,  in  Feb,  3,  1864 ;  pro,  to  corp.  March  1, 1866; 


Corp.  Charles  Nash,  must,  in  March  25, 1864 ;  pro.  to  Corp.  May  1,  1865 ; 

must,  out  with  company  June  30, 1865. 
Corp.  John  Keiser,  must,  in  Sept.  1,  1863;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 
Corp.  Jacob  W.  Prougli,  pro.  to  Corp.;  must,  out  Not.  2, 1864,  expiration 

Corp.  George  W.  Isett,  pro.  to  Corp.;  disch,  Sept.  4,  1864,  for  wounds  re- 
ceived at  Gettysburg  July  2,  1863. 
Corp.  Samuel  Kinney,  must,  in  Jan.  16, 1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  Juno  20, 

April  9, 1865; 

Corp.  Frederick  L.  Snyder,  prisoner  from  June  16,  1864,  i 

disch.  by  G.  0.  May  29,  1865;  vet. 
Corp.  Elijah  Crownover,  pro.  to  Corp. ;  killed  at  Spottsyl' 

House  May  12,  1864;  vet. 
Corp.  William  Reed.  Corp.  William  Bstep. 

Corp.  Luther  T.  Sangree.  Corp.  H.  B.  Geisluger. 

Musician  Jacob  Chilcoat,  must,  out  with  company  June  30,  1865. 
Musician  Alexander  W.  Campbell,  must,  out  with  company  June  ; 

1865  ;  vet. 
Musician  Henry  F.  Sheeder,  must,  out  with  company  June  30,  1865 ;  v 
Abbott,  Amos,  must,  out  with  company  June  30,  1865 ;  vet. 
Allen,  George,  must,  in  March  28, 1864  ;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 
Argyle,  Steele,  must,  in  Nov.  18, 1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  20,  1865. 



,  1S64;  substitute;  l 

,  1865. 

Brown,  James  L.,  must,  in  Jan.  13,  1865  ;  substitute  ;  wounded  in  action 
March  25,  1865 ;  disch.  by  G,  0.  July  17,  1865. 

Bowers,  Isaac,  must,  in  April  22,1864;  must,  out  with  company  June 
30,  1865. 

Brown,  Charles,  must,  in  Feb.  16, 1864  ;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 

Baker,  William,  must,  in  Aug.  25, 1863;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 

Bodenstein,  Charles,  must,  in  Aug.  25, 1863;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 

Boss,  Green  J.,  must,  in  March  2, 1865;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 

Biss,  John  C.  Bollinger,  James. 

Coble,  Benjamin,  must,  out  with  company  June  30,  1865 ;  vet. 

Cusac,  Michael,  must,  in  Jan.  5,  1865  ;  substitute ;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany June  30,  1865. 

Graig,  William,  must,  in  Aug.  24, 1863;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 

Clark,  Etlian,  must,  in  Feb.  28, 1865;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 

Coble,  William,  must,  in  Dec.  24, 1863;  trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps  April 
3,1865;  vet. 

Dugan,  Thomas,  must,  i 

DeCrnssy,  Charles,  musi 
company  June  30, 1865. 

Deitrick,  George,  must,  in  Jan.  9,  ISO 
pany  June  30, 1865. 

Dean,  William  D.,  must,  in  March 



Daily,  Michael,  i 

16,  1865. 
Decker,  James  M.,  must,  in  Jan.  4, 1894;  died  at  City  Point,  Va.,  July 

22,  1864. 
Dean,  Daniel,  died  Oct.  27, 1862. 

Eslick,  Ira  J.,  must,  in  Feb.  20,1864;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 
Enyeart,  James  K.,  died  Dec.  11,  1863,  at  Alexandria,  Va.,  grave  1161. 
Fair,  Henry. 
Furst,  Clscar,  must,  in  Jan.  3, 1SC5  ;  substitute  ;  absent,  wounded,  at  must. 

Fry,  Aliraham,  musI 
Nat.  Com.,  Arliu 
Fink,  John. 
Fleck,  Daniel. 
Green,  Henry,  must. 

Gyr,  Henry,  must,  in 

1864;   died  Sept 

Fouse,  Reuben  ] 
Fouse,  George  A 

ompany  June  30, 
ut  with  company 

June  30,  1865. 
Geiger,  John  W.,  must,  in  Aug.  10, 1863;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 
Godfrey,  William,  must,  in  Feb.  25, 1864;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 
Garner,  Matthew  G.,  must,  out  Nov.  2, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Garner,  John. 
Garner,  Joh  n  M. 
Gill,  George  W.,  died  Nov.  28,  1802;  buried  in  Military  Asylum  Ceme 

tery,  Wa-fhington,  D.  C. 
Gregg,  John. 
Heltzel,  George  L.,  must,  out  with  company  June  30,  1865;  vet. 

■man,  Charles  S.,  must,  in  Oct.  17,  1804;  substitu 
company  June  30,  1865. 


ny  Ju 

Hilliard,  Daniel,  must,  in  Nov.  16,  18t 

30,  1865. 
Harsh,  Henry,  must,  in  Jan.  16, 1865 ; 

Hill,  Wallace,  must,  in  Feb.  16,  1864  ;  I 

Hands,  Patrick,  must,  in  Feb.  22,  1864; 

30,  1805. 
Hood,  Robert,  must,  in  Jan.  9,  1864 ;  killed  at  Spottsylvania  Court-House 

May  10,  1S64. 
Heifner,  Jacob,  must,  in  Feb.  29,  1864  ;  killed  at  Petersburg,  Va.,  June 

16,  1864  ;  buried  at  City  Point,  Va. 
Hanimon,  James. 
Hanna,  John,  died  Nov.  21,  1861 ;  buried  in  Military  Asylum  Cemetery, 

Washington,  D.  C. 
Heifner,  William. 
Harker,  Henry. 
Heller,  John  A. 
Hess,  John,  died  1862; 

section  B,  lot  34. 
Houck,  E/.ekiel  J. 
Jolly,  Samuel  S.,  must, 

Johnston,  Thomas,  must,  il 

company  June  30, 1865, 

Johnston,  James  D.,  must. 

ried  i 

Dec.  20,  1864;  mi 

in  Jan.  25,  1805;  substitute 
lUst.  in  Feb.  28,  1865  ;  must.  0 
April  11,  1865;  must,  out  with 
Jan.  il,I865;  substitute;  mii 

al  Cemetery,  Seven  Pines,  Va 
must,  out  with  company  Jun 

3  30, 

Kugan,  Martin,  must,  in  Aug.  25,  1865  ;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out.  • 
Keasler,  George  W.,must.  in  March  19,  1864;  absent  at  must.  out. 
Kyler,  Isaac,  must,  in  March  10, 1862;  dishonorably  disch.  by  general 

Kessler,  John,  must,  in  Sept.  21, 1863;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  12,  1865. 
Keiter,  John. 
Larkins,  Francis,  must,  in  July  30, 1863  ;  must,  out  wilh  company  June 

30,  1865. 
Leace,  Oliver,  must,  out  Nov.  2, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Long,  Henry,  must,  in  Jan .  14, 1865  ;  substitute. 
Lightner,  Charles. 
Magill,  Jacob,  wounded  at  Spottsylvania  Court-House  May   10,1864; 

disch.  Feb.  16,  1865,  to  date  Nov.  2,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Malyer,  Ferdinand,  must,  in  Dec.  20,  1864;  s 

company  June  30,  1865. 
Maher,  Martin,  must,  in  Sept.  6,  1864;  subs 

March  31, 1865;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  20, 
Mone,  Edwin,  must,  in  Sept.  16, 1803;  must.  0 


itnte;  ' 


at  with 

Mower,  William  H.,  must,  in  July  22, 1863; 

June  30, 1865. 
Morel,  David,  must,  in  Feb.  28, 1865;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 
Murphy,  David,  must,  in  Jan.  27,1864;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 
Montag,  Wm.  G.,  must,  in  Sept.  19,  1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  16,  1865. 
Moran,  Francis,  must,  in  July  20,  1863;  disch.  by  G.  0.  May  31,  1865. 
Montgomery,  J. 
McCall,  William,  must,  in  Feb.  29,  1804  ;  must,  out  with  company  June 

30, 1865. 
McCreary,  Paul,  must,  in  Jan.  2,  1864;  must,  out  with  company  June  30, 

Mclntire,  John,  must,  in  Dec.  18,  1804;  must,  out  with  company  June 

McCoy,  John, 

Aug.  7,  1863 

out  with  compan 



McKnight,  John,  must,  in  Jan.  5,  1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June 

McGeegan,  John,  must,  m  Sept.  16, 1804 ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  May  31,  1805. 

McCoy,  James. 

McLaughlin,  P. 

Norris,  Samuel  W.,  pris.  from  June  16th  to  Nov.  24,  ISO  1 ;  nuist.  out  Feb. 

20,  1865,  to  date  Nov.  30,  1864. 
Neresgold,  Henry,  must,  in  Dec.  26, 1864  ;  must,  out  with  company  June 

30,  1865. 
Neidengard,  Henry,  must,  in  Jan.  16,  1865  ;  sllbatitute  ;  disch.  by  G.  0. 


C  H  A  P  T  E  It    X  X  I. 

I'r.-lt,  Ul..-aiiili,  must,  ill  Fub.  ;:u,  lSli4  ;  abacnt 
I'oltc-r,  Thunios,  must,  in  Feb.  22, 18li4;  abaen 
Pannatta,  Williiim.  ProuBh, 

Budcr,  William,  must,  in  Nov.  10,  18(14;  woui 

ISC,-. ;  ili^cll.  by  G.  0.  Juno  22,  I8C5. 
Buss,  doigi',  must,  in  Feb.  la,  1SIJ4;  absent,  si 
Iliukiii^,  .fames,  must,  in  Aug.  7,  l8fi."J ;  aliscnt 
KohiiiJ,  ,luhn,  must,  in  Jan.  29,  IslH;  ca|iture 

II..U-C  May  12, 18S4;  absi-nt  at  must.  out. 
K.Viiti,  (:...i.ige,  must,  in  Feb.  28, 18C5;  must.ui 

[TAKV— WAll    OF   Tin-:    Ki:iiEl.LIU> 

-  (  Co; 


K..U(;1,,  J- 



ne  30, 




in  Dec.  13 

1864;  .su 






ry,  m 

ist.  in  Jai 




n.  nji 

^t.  in  Jar 

G,  18i;.5  ; 


•  ji 

,e  .■'.", 


;  Spottsylvania 
ith  company  Jii 

, 1SG5; 

>  -M,  1805. 

Slaglille,  Abraham,  must,  in  Dec.  30,  18G4; 

Smith,  William,  must,  in  March  2,  1805  ;  ab 
Smith,  James,  must,  in  Aug.  24,  1803;  al.sfu 
Sprink,  John,  must,  in  .Sopl.  2,  18G3  ;  abwnt 
Shyley,  William  H.,  must,  in  Apiil  21,  Isi.-; 
Dec.  0,  1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  Apiil  J,  IH 

Sliowaller,  ,Iohn,  March  5,1804;  .lis 

nbstituto ; 


Tetwyler,  Peter,  absent, 
Tobler,  Jacob,  must,  in 

Doc.  21),  1804;  disch 

Todd,  liernhard.  must,  in  0.1.  IV,  Isill. 
Varner,  Caspi-r,  must,  in  Jiui.  0,  ISGo;  substiti 

pany  June  3ii,  ISOy. 
Vannatla,  William,  must,  in  Doc.  27, 1»G4;  s 

Weakland,  .\UKUst,  must,  in  Oct.  17,  1801 ;  abs 

A.,  must,  in  Oct.  18,  ISt'.l; 
■liaci,  must,  in  July  28,  1803 

The  Sixty-second  Regiment,  of  which  Col.  Samuel 
W,  Bhick  was  the  tiist  comniaiiiling  officer,  was  raised 
in  the  month  of  July,  l.i;ijl,  under  autliority  given  on 
the  4th  of  that  mouth  to  Col.  Black  by  the  Secretary 
of  War.  The  authority  was  afterwards  extended,  al- 
lowing the  regiment  to  include  twelve  full  companies, 
of  which  seven  were  recruited  in  Allegheny  County, 
two  in  Clarion,  and  one  in  each  of  the  counties  of  Arm- 
strong, Jefferson,  and  Blair.  The  company  from  Blair 
(which  was  the  full  company  that  left  the  county 
to  enter  the  three  years'  service)  was  designated  as  M 
company  of  the  regiment,  Capt.  Richard  J.  Crozier. 
The  rendezvous  of  the  regiment  was  at  Pittsburgh,  but 
soon  after  its  organization  it  moved  (July  24, 1861)  to 
Harrisburg,  where  it  remained  in  camp  several  weeks. 
Proceeding  thence  to  Washington,  D.  C,  by  way  of 
Baltimore,  it  received  equipments  and  arms,  and  on 
the  nth  of  September  crossed  the  Potomac  to  Vir- 
ginia, encamping  at  Fort  Corcoran,  and  being  as- 
signed to  the  Second  Brigade  (Brig.-Gen.  George  W. 
Morrell)  of  Gen.  Fitz  John  Porter's'division.  After 
about  two  weeks  spent  at  Fort  Corcoran  in  camp  duty 
and  work  upon  the  fortifications,  the  regiment  ad- 
I  vanced  to  a  new  line  fartlier  south,  where  it  went  into 
!i'k"^at  mu"  t"  mit "  '  "■  "'^'"P  ^^'''ich  was  christened  "Camp  Bettie  Black," 

cu,  at  niMsi.  out.  In  the  spring  campaign  of  1862,  the  Sixty-second 

IS,  fn.m  .N..V.  28,  isr.3,  to  nioved  With  the  army  on  the  10th  of  March,  but  upon 
the  discovery  that  the  enemy  had  evacuated  his  works 
Foil.  14, 1805, for  wounds  '  'i'  Mauassas  the  advance  was  abandoned,  and  the  regi- 
1  ment  with  the  other  troops  of  the  army  moved  back 
.  by  G.o.  June  15, 1,86.5.  j  f„  jj^g  Potouiac,  arriving  on  the  16th  of  March  at 
letcry'Ariing'ton,  Va.  I  Alexandria,  where  a  few  days  later  it  was  emb;irked 
,1803.'         "     '  and   proceeded  to  .Monroe,  cnr;nii|.iiig  f.uir 

miles  from  that  place,  at  tlie  site  of  the  oh 
Hampton,  which  had  tlieii  recently  been  li 
:.  the  Confederate  trn,,|,,^  under  command  of  < 

I.-;  must., .lit  with  com-      M;|o-nuler.     From  Hampton  the  regiment  with  other 
.iiinv.tbo.m.iuvJnne  '  '"'""I"^  iiia.lea  reeoiiiioissancc  to  Big  Bethel,  and  on 
tile  -Itli  ;inil   ".til  iii  .\pril  marched  with  the  army  up 
""  Jnn.  :;o,  iM,-,.  till'  I'liiinsiihi  to  [he  liont  of  theeiiemy's  fortified  line 

:it  Yorktcjwn,  skirmishing  by  the  way,  and  losing  one 
i.;mu.t.,.„t  will,  a.m.      kil  le.l  and  three  woundeil.    " 
Fur  mote  than  four  week 
,l,stituto;di.,  G.o.       j,,    |,.,,„,    ,,,■    Y,,|-ktnwn.    em| 
■nt,  sick  at  must  out  other  .Inly.      On  the  ni-lit  ol 

out  with  company  J"..,,      .•mv    eva.uat,Ml    his  V,,rkto\\ 
h.uiiii:  ,l:,v  the  An 


J.  B. 

the  regiment  remained 
lyed  in  fortifying  and 
he  4th  of  May  the  en- 
lines,  and  on  the  fol- 
f  the  Potomac  moved  on  in 
pui-uit.  ix,-ei>t  the  division  of  Gen.  Porter,  which 
(iiielieliii-  the  Si.xty-seeond  Regiment  1  remained  at 
Y,,rkl.,wn  until  tli,.  .stli,  when  it  moved  by  ste:imcr3 
up  the  Y,,ik  Kiverlo  We.i  l',,int.  and  encamped  on 
the  opjiusite  side  of  the  stream.  Here  Gen.  Griffin 
took  command  of  the  (Second  Brigade,  Gen.  Morrell 
being  assigned  to  the  command  of  the  division,  and 
Gen,   F.  J.   Porter  to  that  of  the   Fifth   Provisional 


From  West  Point  the  regiment  moved  with  Mor- 
rell's  division  to  the  line  of  the  Chickahominy,  ar- 
riving at  Gaines'  Mill  on  the  26th  of  May.  On  the 
27th  it  moved  before  daylight,  and  marched  with  its 
division  to  Hanover  Court-House,  where  it  was  ex- 
pected a  junction  would  be  made  with  Gen.  McDow- 
ell's (First)  corps  from  Fredericksburg  and  Bowling 
Green.  This  was  not  effected,  but  the  enemy  was 
met  near  the  court-house,  and  a  sharp  engagement 
was  the  result.  Martindale's  (First)  brigade  had 
the  advance,  and  the  Second  Brigade  followed  in  its 
support.  On  finding  the  enemy  in  front  a  line  of 
battle  was  formed,  with  the  Second  Brigade  on  Mar- 
tindale's right.  The  Union  line  charged  the  Con- 
federates, completely  routing  them,  and  capturing 
their  camp  equipage  and  a  large  number  of  arms, 
with  more  than  eighty  prisoners,  among  whom  were 
several  officers.  The  loss  of  the  Sixty-second  was 
light,  only  six  wounded  in  the  engagement,  and  on 
the  same  night  it  returned  with  the  other  troops  to 
the  camp  near  Gaines'  Mill. 

On  the  afternoon  of  the  26th  of  June  was  fought 
the  battle  of  Mechanicsville,  by  McCall's  division 
of  Pennsylvania  Keserves  on  the  Union  side.  From 
its  camp  near  Gaines'  Mill  the  Sixty-second,  with  its 
division,  was  ordered  up  to  the  support  of  the  Reserves, 
and  it  was  for  a  considerable  time  under  a  heavy  fire 
from  the  enemy,  but  did  not  become  closely  engaged. 
The  conflict  resulted  in  a  decided  advantage  gained 
by  the  euemy,  and  the  retreat  of  the  Reserves  early 
on  the  morning  of  Friday,  the  27th,  to  Gaines'  Mill, 
three  or  four  miles  farther  down  the  Chickahominy, 
where  Porter's  corps  stood  in  line,  prepared  to  give 
battle  to  the  advancing  Confederates  under  Long- 
street,  the  two  Hills,  and  "  Stonewall"  Jackson. 
Morrell's  division  held  the  extreme  left  of  the  Union 
line  ;  Griffith's  brigade  (in  which  was  the  Sixty-second 
Regiment)  occupying  the  right  of  the  division  line, 
and  joining  the  left  of  Sykes'  division. 

The  Confederate  corps  of  .Gen.  Longstreet  advanced 
from  the  northward,  and  the  battle  was  opened  with 
tremendous  energy.  It  soon  became  general  along 
nearly  the  entire  line,  and  raged  with  fury  during  the 
entire  afternoon,  the  advantage  being,  in  general,  on 
tiie  side  of  the  Confederates.  The  Sixty-second  and 
the  Ninth  Massachusetts  Regiments  were  ordered  to 
charge,  and  did  so  with  the  utmost  steadiness  and 
bravery.  Col.  Black,  of  the  Sixty -second,  was  killed, 
and  the  command  of  the  regiment  then  devolved  on 
Lieut. -Col.  J.  Bowman  Sweitzer.  By  this  desperate 
charge  the  enemy  was  driven  from  his  position  at  that 
point,  but  the  Sixty-second  advanced  too  far,  uncov- 
ering its  flank.  This  was  immediately  perceived  by 
the  Confederates,  who  at  once  took  advantage  of  its 
exposed  position,  and  massing  on  the  flank  poured  in 
a  most  destructive  enfilading  fire;  but  the  regiment 
held  its  ground  with  remarkable  steadiness,  and  de- 
livered volley  after  volley  till  its  ammunition  was 
exhausted,  when  it  was  comiielled  to  fall  back  bcfure 

overpowering  numbers  of  the  enemy.  Having  re- 
plenished its  ammunition,  it  was  ordered  to  the  suc- 
cor of  the  troops  which  were  hard  pressed  on  the 
extreme  left  near  the  Chickahominy.  The  regiment 
went  in  at  double-quick,  charging  into  a  belt  of  woods, 
in  theface  of  a  witheringfire  from  the  enemy,  who  was 
strongly  posted  there.  The  fighting  was  fierce  and 
determined  on  both  sides,  but  the  Union  line  was 
forced  back,  and  the  regiment  retired  to  the  Chicka- 
hominy. In  the  charge  and  repulse,  late  in  the  after- 
noon, Lieut.-Col.  Sweitzer  was  taken  prisoner,  aud  on 
the  following  day  was  taken  to  Richmond. 

During  the  night  succeeding  the  battle  the  regiment 
crossed  the  Chickahominy,  and  on  Saturday,  the  28th, 
it  remained  in  comparative  quiet  after  the  terrible 
scenes  of  the  conflict  at  Gaines'  Mill.  On  Sunday  it 
moved  with  the  other  troops  in  the  retreat  (or  change 
of  base)  to  the  James  River,  and  arrived  at  Malvern 
Hill  in  the  evening  of  June  30th.  In  the  great  battle 
at  that  place,  in  the  afternoon  of  the  following  day,  it 
lay  in  support  of  a  battery,  and  repelled  a  desperate 
and  determined  charge  of  the  enemy,  made  for  the 
purpose  of  capturing  the  guns.  The  entire  loss  of  the 
Sixty-second  in  this  and  the  preceding  battles  of  the 
campaign  (including  that  of  Hanover  Court-House) 
was  two  hundred  and  ninety-eight  killed,  wounded, 
and  missing. 

From  the  field  of  victory  at  xMalveni  Hill  the  Sixty- 
second  moved  with  the  army  snon  aller  midnight, 
and  marched  away  through  the  gloom  and  mud  and 
pouring  rain  on  the  road  to  Harrison's  Landing  (or 
Berkeley),  on  the  James  River,  arriving  there  late  in 
the  forenoon  of  July  2d.  At  about  1L30  p.m.  on  the 
Slst  of  July,  the  Confederates  on  the  opposite  side  of 
the  river  suddenly  opened  fire  on  the  Union  army  from 
fifteen  batteries  of  field  artillery.  The  gunboat  fleet  in 
the  river  promptly  replied  with  their  monster  Parrotts 
and  eleven-inch  guns,  and  for  nearly  an  hour  the  sky 
and  the  waters  of  the  James  glowed  brightly  with  the 
incessant  glare  of  bursting  shells  ;  then  suddenly  the 
fire  ceased,  and  the  enemy  withdrew  his  batteries, 
having  done  but  slight  damage  to  the  Union  maga- 
zines, which  it  had  been  his  intention  to  destroy. 
On  the  following  day  (August  1st)  the  Sixty-second, 
with  its  division  and  corps,  moved  across  the  James, 
and  burned  the  mansion  and  other  buildings  of  the 
Ruffin  plantation,  and  leveled  the  woods  which  had 
screened  the  enemy's  preparations  for  the  artillery 
attack  of  the  preceding  night. 

After  a  stay  of  nearly  seven  weeks  at  the  Landing 
the  army  evacuated  the  position  and  marched  down 
the  Peninsula.  The  Sixty-second  took  up  its  line  of 
march  on  the  14th  of  August,  and  moved  by  way  of 
Williamsburg  and  Yorktown  to  Newport  News,  where 
it  embarked  and  was  transported  to  Acquia  Creek  on 
the  Potomac.  Thence  it  moved  by  railroad  to  Fred- 
ericksburg, and  remained  a  short  time  in  the  vicinity 
guarding  the  fords  of  the  Rappahannock,  but  soon 
moved  up  and  rejoined  its  divi-hjii,  whirh  had  marched 



to  the  relief  of  Gen.  Pope,  whose  army  wa.s  being 
hard  pressed  by  the  enemy  south  of  Manassas.  The 
regiment  was  sliglitly  engaged  at  Gainesville,  Va., 
August  27th,  but  did  not  take  part  in  the  battles  at 
Bull  Run,  August  29th  and  30th,  being  in  reserve 
with  Gen.  Porter's  corjis.  After  that  battle  and  defeat 
it  retired  with  its  division  to  Centreville  and  thence 
to  Minor's  Hill,  near  Washington,  reaching  there 
September  4th. 

In  the  Antietam  campaign,  the  Sixty-second  was 
present  on  that  famous  field,  but  was  not  closely  en- 
gaged in  the  great  battle  of  September  16th  and  17th, 
its  division  and  corps  being  held  in  reserve,  though 
the  Second  Brigade  was  for  hours  posted  in  support 
of  batteries  and  under  a  heavy  artillery  fire.  After 
the  battle  the  Confederate  army  retreated  to  the 
river  and  crossed  into  Virginia,  where,  on  the  30th 
of  September,  the  regiment  became  slightly  engaged 
in  a  fight  with  a  part  of  his  forces  at  Blackford's  Ford. 
An  account  of  that  engagement  is  given  by  Bates, 
in  his  "History  of  the  Pennsylvania  Volunteers," 
as  follows  :  "  On  the  30th,  the  enemy  having  retired 
across  the  Potomac,  the  Si.xty-second  was  ordered  on 
a  reconnoissance  to  the  Virginia  shore  for  the  pur- 
pose of  developing  his  strength.  Crossing  at  an  early 
hour  at  Blackford's  Ford,  the  regiment  was  formed, 
and  Companies  L  and  M  were  deployed  as  skirmishers. 
No  enemy  was  visible,  and  to  all  appearances  he  had 
withdrawn  his  forces.  A  few  stragglers  were  captured 
and  a  number  of  muskets  were  gathered,  when  the 
regiment  recrossed  the  river,  and  the  entire  corps  was 
put  in  motion  to  follow  up  the  retreating  army;  but 
scarcely  had  the  One  Hundred  and  Eighteenth  Penn- 
sylvania (which  formed  the  head  of  the  column) 
reached  the  opposite  shore  when  the  enemy  debouched 
in  heavy  columns  from  a  thick  wood  and  made  an 
impetuous  assault  upon  thi«  isolated  force,  killing 
and  capturing  many,  and  driving  the  rest  in  coufu- 
siiiii  bark  In  tl;r  rivrr.  ( icri.  Murell  had  taken  the 
jirecautiuii  to  plant  :i  battery  u>  cover  the  crossing. 
This  was  immediately  opened,  and  soon  succeeded  in 
checking  and  driving  back  the  assaulting  parly. 
After  this  atfair  the  army  remained  in  comparative 
quiet,  resting  upon  the  bank-  of  the  Pcjtomac  until 
the  close  of  October," 

In  the  reorganization  of  the  army  which  foUoweil 
the  api>ciiiitMient  of  Gen.  A.  E.  lUirnside  to  surceed 
Gen,  MeClellaii  in  the  chief  command,  the  brigade 
of  whii'h  the  Sixtv-secoud  was  a  part  (the  Second) 
was  under  command  of  Col.  Sweitzer,  the  division 
under  Gen.  Grifhn,  and  the  corps  (the  Fifth)  under 
V,ea.  Butterfield,  the  Fifth  and  Third  Corps  together 
forming  the  Centre  Grand  Division,  under  eDUiniaml 
of  "  Fighting  Joe  Hooker." 

In  the  great  battle  of  Fredericksburg,  Dec,  1:^, 
1862,  the  Second  Brigade  cro.ssed  the  Rappahannoek 
at  noon  of  that  day,  and  marched  through  the  .streets 
of  the  town  under  a  terrific  fire  of  artilli^ry,  and  ile- 
llecting  to  the  right  moved  past  a  brick-kiln  to  and 

across  the  railroad  to  the  front  of  the  enemy's  almost 
!  impregnable  position  on  Marye's  Heights.     There  it 
!  was  met  by  a  fire  as  destructive  as  was  ever  hurled  in 
the  face  of  an  assaulting  column.     The  right  of  the 
line  gave  way,  but  the  Second  Brigade  moved  steadily 
forward  through  the  infernal  fire  to  a  point  within 
ten  rods  of  the  stone  wall  which  sheltered  the  enemy. 
To  advance  beyond  that  point  was  impossible,  but 
I  the  men  lay  down  in  mud  and  water,  a  position  so 
!  exposed  that  a  man  could  hardly  rise  to  his  feet  and 
live  a  minute  afterwards,  and  remained  there  until 
Sunday  evening,  December  14th,  when  they  returned 
under  cover  of  darkness  to  the  town.     Through  the 
day  and  evening  of  Monday,  the  15th,  the  regiment 
picketed  the  outskirts  of  the  town  and  threw  up  in- 
trenchments  to  cover  the  retreat  of  the  army.    During 
the  same  night  it  recro.ssed  the  river,  and  occupied 
its  old  camp  on  the  north  side  of  the  Rappahannock. 
I  The  loss  of  the  regiment  in  the  battle  of  Fredericks- 
burg was  seventy  killed  and  wounded. 

In  the  spring  campaign  of  1863  the  Sixty-second 
left  its  winter-quarters  on  the  27th  of  April,  and 
moved  with  its  corps  (the  Fifth,  then  under  command 
of  Gen.  Meade)  to  and  across  the  Rappahannock  at 
Kelly's  Ford,  and  the  Rapidan  at  Ely's  Ford,  and 
marched  thence  to  Chancellorsville,  where  the  com- 
mander of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac,  Geu.  Hooker, 
made  his  dispositions  for  battle,  with  the  Fifth  Corps 
on  the  left  of  the  line.  On  the  1st  of  May  the  Sixty- 
second  moved  with  its  brigade  and  division  on  a  re- 
connoissance to  the  left.  Late  in  the  day  the  Second 
Brigade  advanced  to  an  extremely  exposed  position, 
where  it  was  without  support,  and  where  a  superior 
Confederate  force  attempted  to  reach  its  flank  and 
rear,  to  cut  it  off  from  the  remainder  of  the  division. 
Companies  L  and  M  of  the  Sixty-second  being 
thrown  out  as  skirmishers,  discovered  the  position 
and  evident  designs  of  the  enemy,  and  after  several 
hours  of  skirmishing  and  fighting  (through  the  greater 
part  of  the  night),  the  brigade  was  extricated  from  its 
perilous  situation,  and  succeeded  in  rejoining  the  main 
body.  On  the  2d  of  May  the  regiment  was  not  en- 
gai;ed  in  the  battle  which  resulted  in  the  breaking 
and  j.artial  ront  of  the  Eleventh  Corp.s.  On  the  3d 
it  \v.[s  po-ted.  with  its  brigade,  in  support  of  artillery, 
and  assisted  in  the  work  of  intrenchment.  Afterwards 
the  tsixty-second  was  detailed  to  skirmish  through  a 
belt  of  woods,  preparatory  to  an  advance  of  the  Union 
lines ;  but  the  enemy  fired  the  woods,  and  in  that  way 
prevented  the  execution  of  the  movement.  On  the 
4th  the  brigade  advanced  (the  Sixty-second  in  the 
front  line)  to  reconnoitre  a  strongly  intrenched  posi- 
tion of  the  enemy,  but  was  met  by  so  fierce  a  fire  of 
artillery  that  it  was  compelled  to  retire.  In  this  ad- 
vance the  regiment  lost  fourteen  wounded.  At  about; 
three  o'clock  in  tlie  morning  of  the  6th  of  May  the 
Filth  Corps  moved  b.ack  and  recrossed  the  Rappa- 
hannoi-k,  the  Sixty-second  being  the  last  regiment  to 
cross  the  swollen  stream,  from  which  it  marched  back 



to  its  previous  camp  at  Falmouth,  where  it  remained 
till  about  the  1st  of  June,  then  moved  up  the  river  to 
Kelly's  Ford,  where  it  was  employed  on  picket  duty 
and  in  observing  the  movements  of  the  enemy. 

About  the  middle  of  June  the  regiment  marched 
northward  with  the  army  on  the  campaign  that  cul- 
minated in  the  battle  of  Gettysburg.  It  arrived  with 
the  Fifth  Corps  on  that  historic  field  at  daylight  on 
the  morning  of  the  2d  of  July,  having  been  slightly 
engaged  with  the  enemy  at  Middleburg,  and  the  men 
having  suffered  terribly  from  the  heat,  dust,  and  fa- 
tigue of  the  long  march.  The  corps  was  first  placed 
in  position  in  the  rear  of  Cemetery  Hill,  where  it  re- 
mained awaiting  orders  during  the  greater  part  of  the 
day.  It  was  finally  ordered  in  to  support  Sickles' 
corps,  which  was  hard  pressed  and  in  danger  of 
being  forced  back  in  disorder.  The  position  of  the 
Seconck  Brigade  was  in  front  of  Little  Round  Top. 
The  Sixty-second  occupied  the  left  of  the  brigade 
line, — an  exposed  position, — which  the  enemy  at- 
tempted to  flank,  but  failing  in  this,  made  a  vigorous 
attack,  which  was  repulsed,  but  the  Second  Brigade 
was  withdrawn  to  a  new  line  behind  a  wheat-field, 
across  which  it  soon  afterwards  charged,  under  a  ter- 
rible fire,  but  while  doing  so  its  advance  was  checked 
by  the  giving  way  of  a  brigade,  which  was  pursued 
by  a  heavy  force  of  the  enemy,  who  came  on  with  a 
rush  and  yell,  and  gained  the  flank  and  rear  of  the 
charging  Second  Brigade,  which  was  thus  placed  in 
an  extremely  perilous  position,  aud  was  extricated 
only  by  the  unsurpassed  bravery  and  steadiness  of  the 
officers  and  men,  who  retired  slowly,  but  fighting  over 
all  the  ground,  until  they  gained  a  position  of  com- 
parative security  at  the  base  of  Little  Round  Top, 
the  enemy  in  the  mean  time  having  been  checked 
and  driven  by  a  brigade  of  the  Pennsylvania  Re- 
serves. During  the  night  the  men  built  a  rough 
stone  wall,  connecting  the  slopes  of  the  two  Round 
Tops,  and  this  rude  defense  was  held  by  the  Sixty- 
second,  which  was  not  again  closely  engaged  in  the 
battle.  Its  losses  at  Gettysburg  were  heavy,  reducing 
its  strength  to  less  than  one  hundred  men.  Among 
the  wounded  in  this  battle  was  Lieut.  Patrick  Morris 
of  M  company  (mortally). 

The  Sixty-second  took  active  part  in  the  succeeding 
campaigns  of  the  summer  and  fall  of  1863,  and  fought 
bravely  in  the  engagements  at  Manassas  Gap,  Rappa- 
hannock Station,  Locust  Grove  Church,  and  at  Mine 
Run,  December  3d.  Immediately  after  the  close  of 
the  Mine  Run  campaign  it  went  into  winter-quarters, 
where  a  considerable  proportion  of  the  men  re-enlisted 
and  a  large  number  of  recruits  were  received  from 
Pennsylvania.  During  the  winter  the  regiment  was 
employed  by  detachments  in  guarding  the  Orange 
and  Alexandria  Railroad. 

On  the  opening  of  the  spring  campaign  of  1864 
the  Sixty-second  moved  with  its  corps  to  the  Rapidan, 
crossed  that  river  at  Germania  Ford  in  the  night  of 
the  3d  of  May,  and  moved  southward  into  the  Wil- 

derness, where  it  became  heavily  engaged  with  the 
enemy  on  the  5th,  the  regiment  occupying  the  extreme 
right  of  the  division  line.  It  was  again  engaged  on 
the  6th  and  7th,  and  on  the  8th  it  fought  at  Laurel 
Hill,  losing  heavily,  but  holding  its  ground  and  throw- 
ing up  defensive  works  in  the  face  of  the  enemy.  It 
was  heavily  engaged  and  sustained  severe  loss  in  the 
great  battle  at  Spottsylvania  Court-House,  and  was 
almost  constantly  in  line  and  under  fire  at  and  near 
that  place  from  the  12th  to  the  21st  of  May,  when  it 
moved  to  the  line  of  the  North  Anna  River.  It  was 
engaged  in  the  battle  at  Jericho  Ford,  and  at  Tolo- 
potomy  on  the  30th.  From  the  31st  to  the  3d  of 
June  it  was  continually  under  fire,  and  fought  bravely 
in  the  bloody  battles  of  Bethesda  Church  and  Cold 
Harbor,  suffering  heavy  loss  in  both  engagements. 

Moving  from  Cold  Harbor  across  the  Chickahominy 
to  the  James  River,  the  regiment  crossed  the  latter 
stream  and  marched  to  Petersburg,  reaching  there  in 
the  evening  of  the  16th  of  June,  and  taking  part  in 
the  battle  of  the  18th  on  the  lines  encircling  that 
city,  and  in  the  engagement  of  the  21st  at  Jerusalem 
Plank-Road,  where  it  lost  slightly  in  killed  and 

On  the  3d  of  July,  1864,  the  ten  original  companies 
of  the  Sixty-second  Regiment  were  mustered  out  of 
the  service  (the  term  of  their  enlistment  having  ex- 
pired), and  the  two  remaining  companies  (L  and 
M)  were  transferred  to  the  Ninety-first  Pennsylva- 
nia Regiment,  and  remained  with  it  before  Petersburg 
until  the  expiration  of  their  term  of  service,  and  were 
mustered  out  on  the  8th  of  August,  1864.  The  tat- 
tered and  shot-torn  flag  of  Company  M  has  in- 
scribed upon  it  the  names  of  the  battles  in  which  the 
Sixty-second  took  part,  viz. :  Siege  of  Yorktown, 
battle  of  Yorktown,  Hanover  Court-House,  Seven 
Days'  battles,  Gainesville,  Antietam,  Blackford's 
Ford,  Fredericksburg,  Chancellorsville,  Gettysburg, 
Manassas  Gap,  Rappahaiinork  Station,  Mine  Run, 
Wilderness,  Laurel  Hill,  S|H,Usylv;inia  Court-House, 
Jericho  Ford,  Tolopotdiny,  lirtln^ila  Church,  Peters- 
burg. The  following  is  a  list  of  the  officers  and  en- 
listed men  of  the  Blair  County  company  of  tlie  Sixty- 
second,  viz. : 

Company  M. 
(Date  of  muster  in  Aug.  9,  ISGl,  except  where  noteii.) 
Capt.  Richard  J.  Crozier,  res.  March  7, 18C3. 

Capt.  John  H.  Murray,  pro.  to  2(1  lieut.  Sept.  1, 1861 :  to  1st  lieut.  Dec. 
13,  1862;  to  capt.  March  7,  1S63;  mu'st.  out  with  . 

apany  .\ug.  15, 

Firat  Lieut.  Stephen  C.  Potts,  died  Dec.  14,  1862,  of  wounds  received  i 

Freilericl<8burg,  Va.,  Dec.  13,  1862. 
First  Lieut.  Rnbert  N.  Martin,  pro.  from  1st  sergt.  to  1st  lieut.  May 

1S64;  must,  out  with  company  Aug.  l.'i,  1864. 
Second  Lieut.  Andrew  T.  Howden,  must,  in  July  4,  isr.l ;  pro.  to  q.i 

Aug.  21,  1861. 
Second  Lieut.  Patrick  Morris,  died  July  11,  1863,  of  wounds  received  i 

Gettysburg  July  2,  1863;  buried  in  National   Cemetery,  section  i 

grave  86. 
First  Sergt.  John  Milffty,  pro.  from  corp.  to  sergt.  Dec.  15.  1862;  to  1 



Ser^'l.  Jm 

R.  GarJner,  tnins.  to  Olst  Kegt.  P.  V.  July  J",  1SC4; 

IT,  pro.  from  corp.  to  sergt.  May  1, 1SG4  ;  must,  out  willi 

;.  15, 16G4. 

weirs,  pro.  from  corp.  to  sergt.  M.iy  9, 1S64;  must,  out 

,1S64;  must. 

V.  July  20,  1804; 

Sergt.  George  G.  Kre.-is,  killed  at  WilJerness  May  8,1864;  buried  in 
Wilderness  l.urial-griuniils;  vet. 

Corp.  Dec.  1.5,  1S62 ;  must,  out  witli  com- 


nell,  Jonatban,  ir 
July  2CI, 
is,  Robert,  must. 

9l3t  Regt.  P.  V. 

,1861;  killed  ; 

Eatuii,  Hannibal  V.,  died  Oct.  8, 1862. 

Elder,  Reuben,  must,  in  March  31,  1864  ;  died  May  15,  1864,  of  wounds 

received  at  Spottsylvania  Court-House  May  12,1864. 
Finney,  Orrin  P.,  must,  out  with  company  Aug.  16,  I8C4. 
Frederick,  Benjamin  F.,  trans,  to  Olst  Regt.  P.  V.  July  20, 1864;  vet. 
Fltz^i^lmon3,  James,  must,  in  Feb.  13,  1362;  trans,  to  91st  Regt.  P.  V. 


July  13,  1863; 

Corp.  Thomas  Green,  pr 

pany  Aug.  15,  1804. 
Corp.  Patrick  Brady,  pro.  to  cnrp.  Sept. 

Aug.  15,  1864. 
Corp.  Jonathan  Ginter.  pro.  to  corp.  M 

pany  Aug.  15,  1S64. 
Corp.  H.B.Flenink.n,  inu-t.  in  Aus.  11 


.ut  with  com- 
.July  1,1864; 
.July  1,1864; 

Freeman,  James  E., 

Gather,  Jacob,  must,  in  Aug.  IT,  1862;  disch.  on  surg.  cert 
G.irber,  Charles,  must,  in  July  4, 1861  ;  must,  out  July  4,  IS 

of  term. 
Horn,  Levi  .\.,  must,  out  with  company  Aug.  15,  1864. 
Ualloreu,  Charles,  must,  out  with  company  Aug.  15, 1864. 
llenshy,  John  B.,  must,  in  Sept.  17,  1S61 ;  disch.  on  surg.  c 

list  Regt.  P.  V. 

Corp.  IHU  r.l.i   I..'  •      ,  I  I 

Corp.  lliirrison  H.  Suydei 

Cirii.  Tlioiiias  Maloy,  .li*. 
Corp.  Thomas  Connelly.  >1 
Corp.  Henrys.  D.vim'.  ii 
Corp.  Samuel  McKiiiii-.y, 
Corp.  TlioDias  Conden,  nit 

in,  1S63. 
Corp.  Henry  S.  GalIow,ay, 
Corp.  William  J.  Blair. 
Corp.  Thomas  Hensly,  mi 

I.  July  1,  1864; 

1  surg.  certif.  Feb.  5,  1864. 
,  Spottsylvania  Court-Hou 

g.  certif.  June,  1802. 
Dn  surg.  certif.  Jan.  9, 1863. 
Jan.  1,  1804;  trans,  to  9l8t  Regt. 

IS.  to  91s 
:  Regt.  P.  V.  July  2ii 

1861  ;  disch. 

,  186: 

Kegt.  P,  V.  July 
t  Regt.  P.  V.  July 

Johnston,  Hugh 

:.  Res.  Corps  Sept.  5,  lMi3. 

ed  at  Gaines'  Mill,  Va,,  June  27,  1S62. 

.  0,  1863. 

t  with  company  Aug.  15,  1864. 

itli  company  .\ug.  15,  1864. 

a  March  31,  1864;  trans,  to  9Isl  Regt.  P.  V. 

itureJ  .at  Laurel  Hill.  Va.,  May  9,  1864. 

.  -  I  111.  Oct.  22,  1862. 
ill  .vc.|itember.  ISGl. 
'1-1  l;-gt.  P.  V.  Junc20,  1864;  vet. 

25,  1862 ;  died  Jan.  13,  1862  of  wounds  reed, 
a.,   Dec.  13,  1S02;  buried  at  Alexandria,  Va,, 

.OlstKegt.  P.  V.July 

at  Gettysburg; 
g.  certif.  Oct.  22, 

[  with  ( 

,  to  9Ist  Regt.  P.  V.  July  20, 

Vet.  lies.  Corps  Nov 

.  1.  1863. 

■dut  Gaines' Mill,  Va 

...June  27, 


in  Feb.  19,  1862. 

Minor's  Hill,  Va.,Oe 

t.2.S.  1861. 

1  Sept.  9,  ISO! ;  died 

May  0,  181 

;  1,  of 

rsville,  Vn.,  May  3,  1 

July  15,  1803;  disch 

lipany  Aug.  15,  1864. 
Mit  with  company  .\ug.  15,  1864. 
It  with  comiiany  Aug.  15,  1S64. 
January,  1862;  liisch.  on  surg.  certif.  Ja 


Hess,  David,  must,  in  July  15,  186: 

V  211,  1864. 

■e,  William,  must,  in  March  31,  1864 

ns.  to  91st  Regt.  P.  V. 
IS.  to  91st  Regt.  P.  V. 
Bealton  Station,  Va., 

Dec.  17,  1863. 
McKinley,  George,  died  .at  Minor's  Hill,  Va.,  December,  1861. 
Nolan,  William,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  May  5, 1863. 
Nicodomus,  Samuel,  trans,  to  91st  Regt.  P.  V.  July  20,  1804 ;  vet. 
Norton,  William,  must,  in    July   U,  1803;    substitute;    trans,  to  9: 

Regt.  P.  V.  July  20, 1864. 
Orr,  William,  missing  at  Spottsylvania  Cmrt-Hoiise  May  12,  ISiU. 
O'Connor,  William,  must,  in  July  Hi,  1863;  trans,  to  91st  liegt.  P. 

Smith,  Isaac,  must,  out 
Shade,  Henry,  must,  ou 
Slineman,  Matthew  C, 

t  Regt.  P.V.July 
•s.  Corps  Sept.  15, 
91st  Regt.  P.  V. 

npauy  Aug.  15, 1864. 
mipany  Aug.  15,  1864. 
id  at  Gettysburg,  Pa.; 

5.  certif.  Feb.  1,  1863. 



Aug.  27, 1861 ;  disch.  un  surg.  cerlif,  March 

Saltgiver,  George, 

25, 1S63. 
Sellers,  George,  disch.  Oct.  6,  1S02,  for  wounds  reed. at  Gaiues'  Mill,  Vii 

Sliarrer,  Daniel,  must,  in  Feb.  7,  1862  ;  disch.  Oct.  6,  1802,  for  wounds 

reed,  at  Gaines'  Mill,  Va.,  .Tune  27,  1SC2. 
Smath,  John,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Feb.  6,  IstiS. 
Shade,  William,  trans,  to  91st  Regt.  1'.  V.  Jnl.v  20,  1864;  vet. 
Shaffer,  John,  trans,  to  Olst  Regt.  P.  V.  July  2li,  1864  ;  vet. 
Sejbert,  Samuel  W.,  must,  ia  Aug.  31,  1863;  substitute;  trans,  to  91st 

Regt.  P   V.  July  20,  1864. 
Stolla,  Frederick,  must,  in  July  10,  1803;  trans,  to  9l8t  Regt.  P.  V.  July 

1  July  16,  1863 

Regt.  P.  V.July 
Regt.  P.  V.  July 

Steele,  James  B  ,  must,  in  July  17,  1863  ;  trans,  to 

20, 1864. 
Tipton,  Samuel  B.,  trans,  to  9l8t  Regt.  P.  V.  July  20, 1864  ; 
Widensall,  John,  must,  out  with  company  Aug.  15,  1SC4. 
Wensel,  Frederick,  absent,  sick,  at  muster  out. 
Watkins,  Thomas,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  June,  1862. 
Watson,  George  M.,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Nov.  15,  1863. 


MILITARY— WAR  OF    THK    REBELLION.— (  C»ii(/-i.i«7.) 

The  Seventy-sixth  Regiment  was  raised  in  the 
fall  of  1861,  and  organized  at  Camp  Cameron,  Har- 
risburg,  under  the  following-named  field-officers,  viz. : 
Colonel,  John  M.  Power;  Lieutenant-Colonel,  D.  H. 
Wallace;  and  Major,  Oliver  M.  Irvine,  of  Blair 
County.  Two  companies  of  the  regiment  were  raised 
in  Blair  County,  viz. :  Companies  C  and  F. 

The  regiment  left  Harrisburg  on  the  19th  of  No- 
veniber,  1861,  and  proceeded  to  Fortress  Monroe, 
and  thence  by  ocean  transports  to  South  Caro- 
lina to  join  the  expeditionary  forces  which  had 
previously  gone  forward  to  Beaufort,  in  that  State, 
under  command  of  Gen.  T.  W.  Sherman.  Arriving 
at  Hilton  Head  on  the  8th  of  December,  it  was  as- 
signed to  the  brigade  of  Gen.  H.  G.  Wright,  and  in 
that  command  passed  the  winter  in  the  delightful 
climate  of  lower  South  Carolina,  engaged  in  camp 
and  picket  duty  and  the  erection  of  defensive  works. 
On  the  8th  of  April,  1862,  eight  companies  of  the 
regiment  embarked  at  Hilton  Head  {leaving  F  and 
A  companies  behind  at  that  place)  and  proceeded 
to  Tybee  Island,  near  the  mouth  of  Savannah  River, 
toassi-^tin  t  111' projected  assault  on  Fort  Pulaski.  On 
the  loth  tin;  li.iiic  lies  were  opened  on  the  fort,  which 
surroiidiM-rd  on  tlir  11th  without  an  assault  of  infantry. 
The  regiment  returned  to  Hilton  Head  on  the  19th, 
and  remained  there  till  the  30th  of  May,  when  it 
moved  to  North  Edisto  Island,  and  on  the  1st  of  June 
to  John's  Island,  to  take  part  with  other  troops  in  an 
attack  on  Charleston.  It  moved  to  Legareville  on 
the  .''ith  of  June,  and  ten  days  later  the  attack  was 
made,  but  was  unsuccessful,  and  the  troops  withdrew. 
During  the  remainder  of  the  summer  and  part  of  the 
fall  the  regiment  remained  in  comparative  inaction. 

On  the  27th  of  September  Maj.  Irvine  resigned,  and 
Capt.  Cyrus  Diller  was  promoted  to  the  majority. 

On  the  22d  of  October  the  Seventy-sixth  (then 
under  command  of  Col.  D.  C.  Strawbridge)  marched 
on  an  expedition    for  the  purpose  of  breaking  the 

j  railroad  communication  between  Charleston  and  Sa- 
vannah by  the  destruction  of  the  long  and  high 
trestle-work  at  Pocotaligo.  A  strong  force  of  Con- 
federates was  encountered  and  a  severe  battle  resulted, 
in  which  the  Seventy-sixth  took  prominent  part,  and 
sufiered  a  loss  of  seventy-five  killed  and  wounded. 
Among  the  former  was  Capt.  Henry  Wayne,  and 
among  the  wounded  Lieut.  Gwin,  both  of  F  com- 

From  this  time,  for  more  than  eight  months,  the 
regiment  was  employed  in  picketing  and  ordinary 

I  military  duty  on  St.  Helena  and  others  of  the  Sea 
Islands.  On  the  6th  of  July,  1863,  it  moved  with  the 
other  regiments  of  the  brigade  commanded  by  Gen. 
George  C.  Strong  to  Morris  Island,  in  Charleston 
Harbor,  to  take  part  in  an  assault  on  Fort  Wagner. 
In  the  morning  of  the  10th  a  tremendous  cannonade 
was  opened  on  the  fort  by  the  Union  batteries  and 
ironclads,  and  was  continued  for  more  than  two  hours, 
at  the  end  of  which  time  Strong's  brigade  (including 
the  Seventy-sixth)  moved  forward  to  the  attack,  and 
gallantly  carried  the  shore  batteries.  At  about  sun- 
rise on  the  following  morning  the  Seventy-sixth  and 

'  the  Seventh  Connecticut  Regiment  assaulted  the  main 
work  (Wagner),  but  were  repulsed  with  a  to  the 
Seventy -sixth  of  fifty-two  killed  and  one  hundred 
and  thirty-five  wounded,  among  the  latter  of  whom 
was  Maj.John  W.  Hicks,  of  Blair  County.  On  the 
evening  of  the  18th  of  July  the  regiment  joined  in 
another  assault  more  fierce  and  determined  than  the 
former  one,  and  in  this  Gen.  Strong,  commander  of 
the  brigade,  and  Col.  Robert  G.  Shaw,  of  the  Fifty- 
fourth  Massachusetts  Regiment,  were  killed.  In  this 
action,  however,  the  Seventy-sixth  Pennsylvania  suf- 
fered much  less  than  in  the  previous  assault,  losing 
only  nineteen  killed  and  wounded.  On  the  2d  of 
August  the  regiment  moved  to  Hilton  Head,  where 
it  remained  many  months,  picketing,  and  occupying 
adjacent  points  by  detachments.  During  this  time 
(December  20th)  Maj.  Hicks  was  promoted  to  the 
grade  of  lieutenant-colonel. 

The  regiment  remained  in  the  South  till  the  first 
part  of  May,  1864,  when,  with  its  corps,  it  was  trans- 
ported to  Virginia,  and  there  attached  to  the  Army 
of  the  James,  under  Gen.  B.  F.  Butler,  at  Bermuda 
Hundred.  On  a  reconnoissance  made  by  the  brigade 
soon  after  its  arrival,  the  Seventy-sixth  lost  sixty-one 
killed,  wounded,  and  missing,  in  an  action  at  the 
Weldon  Railroad,  the  destruction  of  which  was  the 
object  of  the  expedition.  The  enemy's  force  retired 
and  concentrated  at  Fort  Darling  (Drury's  Bluff),  on 
the  James  River,  below  Richmond,  where  they  were 
reinforced  by  Wise's  Legion,  and  attacked  in  turn 
on  the  16th  of  May,  gaining  a  decided  advantage. 



Fighting  was  continued  for  several  clays  afterwards, 
without  resulting  in  a  general  engagement.  On  the 
27th  of  May  the  regiment,  with  its  division  (the 
Second  of  the  Tenth  Corps),  embarked  and  proceeded 
down  the  James  and  up  the  York  and  Pamunkey 
Kivers  to  White  House  Landing,  where  it  joined  the 
Army  of  the  Potomac  about  the  time  when  it  was 
taking  position  at  Cold  Harbor,  where  the  regiment 
took  part,  and  sustained  heavy  in  the  tremendous 
battles  of  the  1st,  2d,  and  3d  of  June.  After  these  en-  j 
gagemen ts  it  moved,  with  its  division,  across  the  Chick- 
ahominy  and  James  Rivers,  and  rejoined  the  Army  of 
the  James  on  the  loth  of  June,  and  was  at  once  sent 
out  with  a  force  to  destroy  the  railroads.  Oq  the  23d 
it  joined  the  lines  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac  before 
Petersburg.  It  was  on  active  duty  at  the  mine  explo- 
sion (July  30th),  and  suffered  considerable  loss.  From 
the  13th  to  17th  of  August  it  was  daily  under  fire  at  | 

I      pBo 


V         t 

le  e 

le       I 


H    ( 



a  k 

the  regiment  returned  by  sea  to  their  homes  in  Penn- 

The  lists  of  ofticers  and  enlisted  men  of  the  Blair 
County  companie.s  of  the  Seventy-si.xth  Regiment  are 
given,  as  follows  : 



(Date  of  muster  iu  Oct.  17,  1S61,  except  where  noted.) 

Capt.  .lolin  W.  Hicke,  pro.  to  niaj.  May  1,  1863. 

Capt.  Alfred  Hicks,  pro.  from  2d  to  1st  lieut.  Sept.  2,  18C2,  to  capt.  Slay 

1,  1863;  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1804,  expiration  of  term. 
Capt.  John  McNevin,  pro.  fi-om  q.m.-sergt.  to  2d  lieut.  Oct.  10,  1804,  to 

capt.  Feh.  17.  186.T  ;  must,  out  with  company  July  IH,  1865  ;  vet. 
First  Lieut.  GeorKe  S.  Hower,  died  at  Hilton  Head,  S.  C,  Sept.  2,  1862. 
First  Lieut.  Josepli  Harlin,  pro.  from  1st  sergt.  Feb.  17, 1865;  must,  out 

with  conipiiny  July  18,  1865. 
Second  Lieut.  Joseph  D.  Kuch,  pro.  from  1st  sergt.  Sept.  2,  18G2;  disch. 

April  16, 1863. 
Second  Lieut,  Pliiln.  N.  Hicks,  Sr.,pro.  from  sergt.  Fell.  14,  1S64;  disch. 
Auir.  19_  lani. 

m  d  R  0     , 


t  1  k 

ho'-  el 

la  1       e      k        0     1         II 

I         o  to  k  ]  e  k  on 

e  a  t  H         e       R  1 

o  n  o     ) 

1  r  h       1  t  e 

ID  1     4    1       e 

B  I     1  1        h 

1  1 f  1  e  el 

n  n  f{         1  >-     e  1 



1  1     M  J 

I  t  r 

e  f 

V  1        1  t      '< 

e         W  1  e       R  N 

e  II  e     ( 

e  ee         1    Jb    tl         r 

:>f  the  Confederate  armies  of  Lee  and  Johnston)  it 
moved  to  Wilmington,  and  from  thence  the  men  of 


Hagerty,  Isa;ic,  must,  in  Aug.  27,  18G3;  absent,  in  continement,  at  nmat. 
Hall,  John,  must,  in  July  22,  1S63  ;  must,  out  with  company  July  18, 

Bowen,  Thomas,  mus 

18U4;  must,  out  with  comp 
ubstitute ;  must,  out  v 

I  July 



Bonnell,  James,  must,  in  Feb.  17,  1865; 

pauy  July  18,  18G5. 
Ball,  Elias  B.,  must,  in  Jan.  19, 1865 ;  disch.  by  G,  0.  July  31,  1805. 
Breeze,  Samuel,  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Brown,  Anson  G.,  must,  in  Feb.  16,  1865;  substitute;  disch.  by  G.  0. 

June  10,  1865. 
Brownson,  Isaac  \V.,  must,  in  Dec.  13,  1864;   died  at  Raleigh,  N.  C, 

,  1866. 

Bomganlner,  Zach.,  killed 
Conklin,  John,  must,  in  F 

2,  1865. 
CoUafcan,  Mioliael,  diach.  by  surg.  ceitif.  June  22,  1803. 
Chamberlain,  W.  P.,  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Curran,  James,  must,  in  Feb.  27,  1864;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  June  4, 

Crawford,  William,  killed  at  Pocotaligo,  S.  C,  Oct.  22,  1862. 
Ck)x,  John,  died  July  18, 1863,  of  wounds  received  at  Fort  Wagner,  S.  C, 
Buffey,  John,  must,  in  June  4,  1864;  must,  out  with  company  July  18, 


Feb.  23,  1865;  substitute;   absen 

Dayton,  Jolin  M,  must,  in  July  23,  1863  ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  July  15,  1865. 
Dunn,  William,  must,  in  July  14,1803;  trans,  to  Vet.  Ees.  Corps.;  disch. 

by  G.  0.  Aug.  14,  1865. 
Dehaven,  Absalom,  must,  in  July  13,  1863;  disch.  by  G.  0.  May  10,  1865. 
Dunlap,  William,  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Dasher,  John  W.,  must,  in  Feb.  19, 1802;  wounded  at  Fort  Wagner,  S.  C, 

July  18,  1863  ;  must,  out  expiration  of  term. 
Deafabaugh,  Adam,  must,  out  Nov.  23,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Deafabaugh,  Thomas,  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1854,  expiration  of  term. 
Davis,  Joshua  V.,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  March  3,  1803. 
Dasher,  Samuel,  trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps  April  28,  1864. 
Dasher,  Levi,  died  at  Hilton  Head,  S.  C,  April  17,  1863. 
Denuisou,  Jos.  S.,  must,  in  Dec.  30,  1803;  died  at  Hampton,  Va.,  Sept. 

12,  1S64;  burial  record  Aug.  12, 1804. 
Davis,  James,  must,  in  Feb.  16, 1865;  substitute. 
Evans,  Charles  W.,  must,  in  June  2, 1864 ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

18,  1865. 
Flick,  Thomas,  must,  in  Aug.  24,  1863  ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  7,  1305. 
Fetzer,  Michael,  must,  in  July  18,  1864  ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

18.  1805. 
Francis,  Albert,  must,  in  Feb.  23, 1865  ;  substitute  ;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  18, 186(^. 
Frutchey,  Christian,  must,  in  Jan.  19,  1865;  disch.  by  G.  0.  July  13, 

Fitzgerald,  I'atri«k,  must,  in  Feb.  18,  1865;  substitute;  must,  out  with 

company  July  18,  I860. 
Fredergill,  Thomas,  nmst.  in  Nov.  1,  1801 ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Sept. 

5,  1802. 
Flanningtoii,  James,  must,  in  Feb.  21,  1S65  ;  substitute. 
Gneser,  .\dam,  must. in  July  13,  1863;  must,  out  with  CLimpany  July  IS, 

Gross,  John,  must,  in  Feb.  21,1865;  substitute;  must,  out  with  company 

July  18,  1865. 
Goutard,  Adolph,  must,  in  July  25, 1863;  disch.  by  G.  0.  July  18, 1865. 
Gibbuny,  John  C,  must,  in  Feb.  22,  1864  ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

18,  1805. 
Gates,  M.  V.  B.,  must,  out  Nov.  28, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Gates,  George  W.,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  March  28,  1863. 
Greene,  Edward  S.,  must,  out  Nov.  28, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Glunt,  Jacob,  killed  at  Petersburg,  Va.,  July  30,  1864  ;  vet. 
Good,  John,  killed  at  Petersburg,  Va.,  Aug.  16,  1864;  vet. 
Garland,  Moses  K.,  must,  in  March  28, 1864 ;  died  at  Chapin's  Farm,  Va., 

Jan.  1,  1805. 
Hoover,  John  D.,  must,  in  Aug.  26,  1863;  must,  out  with  company  July 

ith  company  July 

ith  company  July 

Darbytown  Boad, 


F.,  must,  in  Feb.  17,  1865  ;  substitute;  must.  - 

pany  July  18,  1865. 
Hawley,  Isaiic,  must,  in  Aug.  27,  1863  ;  absent,  sick,  at  mi 
Hetrick,  Andrew  G.,  must,  in  Aug.  26,1863;  must,  out  v 

July  18.  1865. 
Hainlcy,Christian,  must,  in  Feb.  23,1664;  must,  out  with  company  July 

18,  1865. 
Henderson,,  must,  in  Feb.  23,  1864 ;  must,  out  witli  company 

July  18, 1865. 
Hoover,  George  S.,  must,  in  Feb.  27,  1864;  must,  out  with  company  July 

18,  1805. 
Helsel,  Edward,  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Hicks,  Phil.  N.,  Jr.,  must,  in  Feb.  24,  1864 ;  pro.  to  q.m.-sergt.  Sept.  7, 

.  1864. 
Hook,  Maddock,  must,  out  Nov.  28, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Hainzey,  John,  must,  out  Nov.  28, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Hainzey,  George,  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Hoover,  Thomas  L.,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  June  8, 1864. 
Hale,  Henry,  must,  in  Nov.  1,  1861 ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Feb.  1, 1863. 
IloWH,  Robert,  prisoner  from  July  11,  1863,  to  Nov.  20,  1864  ;  must,  out 

Nov.  25,  1804,  expiration  of  term. 
Hall,  George,  discli.  on  surg.  certif.  March  24,  1803. 
Higley,  Daniel  M.,  must,  in  Aug.  27,  1863;  di.sch.  on  surg.  certif.  Dec. 

14,  1804. 

Hendrick,  Otis  N.,  must,  in  Sept.  4,  1863  ;  killed  at  Drury's  Bluff,  Va., 

May  16,1864. 
Hall,  Samuel  S.,  must,  in  Jan.  19,  1865;  died  at  Wilmington,  N.  C,  April 

15,  1805. 

Irvin,  John  S.,  must,  in  Feb.  21,  1865;  substitute;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  18, 1865. 

Jordon,  William  T.,  must,  in  Aug.  27,  1803;  must,  out  with  company 
July  18,  1866. 

Jenkins,  John,  nmst.  out  Nov.  28, 1804,  expiration  of  term. 

Keener,  William  F.,  must,  in  Aug.  13, 1803;  must,  out  with  company 
July  IS,  1865. 

Kline,  George  W.,  must,  in  Aug.  27,  1S63 ;  must,  out  with  company  July 




.  certif.  Feb. 

L  Aug.  24,  1863;  disch. 


18,  1805. 

idershot,  S.,  mu 

t.  ill  Aug.  25,  1863;  m 

18,  1805. 

ncock,  Johu,  mus 

t.  in  July  13,  1863;  m 

18,  1365. 

gerty,  Henry,  mu 

St.  in  Aug.  27,  1803  ;  w 

Va.,  Oct.  27,  186 

4;  disch.  by  G.  0.  July 

King,  Watson  S.,  mu 

Kegrise,  Ebenezer,  killed  at  Fort  Wagner,  S.  C,  July  11, 1803. 
Renter,  Robert  F.,  must,  in  Aug.  27,  1863  ;  died  at  Point  of  Rocks,  Md., 

Jan.  15, 1M65;  buried  in  National  Cemetery,  City  Point,  Va.,  section 

A,  division  4,  grave  52. 
Kell.-y,  James  II.,  must,  in  July  14,1863;  died  at  SVilmiugtou,  N.  C, 

King,  Thomas  D.,  must,  in  Dec.  31,  1863;  died  at  Portsmouth,  Va.,  July 

17,  1864. 

Langdon,  Harrison,  must,  in  Feb.  20,1865;  substitute;  must,  out  with 

company  July  18,  1865. 
Luther,  Francis,  must,  in  Jan.  25, 1865 ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

18,  1865. 

Laise,  John,  must  out  with  com]  any  July  18, 1S65  ,  vet 
Ling,  John,  must.'  out  Nov  28,  1804,  expiration  of  term 

Loreuz,  John  B.,  must  out  N  1  1     f  tcim 

Lang,  James,  disch  on  sur,, 

Lyninger,  Edward,  killed  at  I  I    \  10,  lSf4    vet 

Liugafclter,  A.  J.,  must  in  A  „         1  Ij  G  0  May    11  IsOo. 

Moore,  John  W.,  must  in  Feb  „1, 1804,  must  out  with  ccmpany  July 

18,  1S66 ;  vet. 
Marks,  Jacob,  must,  out  with  company  July  18, 1805. 
Miller,  Henry,  must,  out  with  company  July  18,  1805;  vet. 
Montgomery,  T.,  absent,  sick,  at  must,  out;  vet. 
Moutz,  John,  must,  in  Feb.  20,  1865 ;  substitute ;  must,  out  with  company 

July  IS,  1805. 
Mowry,  Thomas,  must,  out  Nov.  28, 1864,  expiration  of  teim. 
Moore,  Jesse,  must  out  Nov.  28, 1864,  expiration  of  term, 
Moyer,  Michael,  must,  in  Feb.  14, 1865  ;  substitute ;  died  at  Raleigh,  N.  C, 

July  5,1S65. 






McKeelian,  W.  L.,  must,  out  Nov.  28, 1854, 
McCounell,  John  A.,  must,  out  Nov.  28,  ISC 
Nolan,  Joliu,  must,  in  Feb.  20,186.1;  substit 

July  18,  ISUo. 
Ounkst,  Daniel,  must,  in  Feb.  24, 1804 ;  mils 

186,^>;  vet. 
Packard,  Eden,  must,  iji  Feb.  17,  1S05;  suli 

1,5,  1805. 
Pond,  William,  must,  in  Feb.  17,  ISCo;  suli 

pany  July  18, 1SC.5. 
Pnrehan,  Abdol,  must,  in  March  14,  1805 ;  i 
Bobison,  John,  must,  in  July  23, 1SI)4;  musi 

Eeish,  Joseph,  must,  in  Feb.  IS,  1805  ;  BUlii 

pany  July  IS,  1805. 
Ramage,  Thomas  R.,  must,  out  Nov.  28, 186 
Reddy.  Henry,  disch.  on  snrg.  certif.  May  y 
Rork,  Joseph  H.,  must,  in  Nov.  1,  1861;  .1 


,  1864  ; 

must,  out  with  company 
;  witli  company  July  18, 
te  ;  diech.  by  G.  0.  July 
.■ ;  juust.  out  Willi  com- 

with  company  July  IS, 

on  eurg.  certif.  Feb-  1, 
Feb.  10,  1865  ;  vet. 

Beddick,  Franklin,  died  at  Federal  Point,  1 

Smith,  David  K.,  must,  out  witli  company  July  18,  1865. 

Simpler,  William,  must,  in  Feb.  IS,  1865;  substitute;  must  out  with 
company  July  18, 1865. 

Schmidt,  John,  must,  in  Feb.  18,  18G5  ;  substitute  ;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  18,  18C5. 

Scott,  John,  must,  in  Dec.  31,  1863  ;  must,  out  with  company  July  18, 

Smith,  John,  must,  out  Nov.  28, 1864.  expiration  of  term. 

Smith,  John  M.,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Feb.  2, 1862. 

Smith,  John  (2d),  must,  in  Feb. 20,  1865  ;  substitute;  G.O.Juue 
25,  1865. 

Strayer,  Henry,  disch.  on  surg.  certif,  Feb.  2,  lsc,2. 

Seymour,  Edwin,  must,  in  Jan.  21,1865;  sulistitute;  discli.  by  G.  O.June 

Tyler.  George  I'.,  must,  in  Feb.  18,1865:  substitute;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  IS,  1865. 

Tate,  John  T.,  must,  out  with  company  July  18, 1865;  vet. 

Tate,  William  W.,  killed  accidentally  Dec.  5, 186  1. 

Treese,  Henry,  died  at  Hilton  Hea.l,  S.  C,  May  20, 1862. 

Vaughn,  Thomas  H.,  disch.  by  G.  0.  Aug.  18, 1805;  vet. 

Wildoner,  Luther  G.,  must,  in  Oct.  1.'),  1804;  substitute;  must,  out  with 
conipiuiy  July  18,1805. 

Wentzell,  John,  must,  in  June  2,1864;  must,  out  with  company  July 

Wick,  I'ctcr,  must,  in  Feb.  18, 1805 ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  July  15, 1805. 

Sergt.  John  N.  Det» 

Segt.  George  Boyle,  must,  in  Jan.  1, 1864;  absent  without  b-aveat  mus- 
ter out;  veteran. 

Sergt.  William  Miller,  must,  in  Feb.  1,1864;  pro.  to  sergt.  March  11, 
1865;  must,  out  with  company  July  18, 1805;  veteran. 

Sergt.  John  Shay,  must,  in  Aug.  21,1863;  pro.  to  sergt.  July  1,  1865  ; 
com.  2d  lieut.  July  1, 1865 ;  not  must. ;  must,  out  with  company 
July  IS,  1805. 

Sergt.  James  A.  Gwin,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1861 ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif. 

Sergt.  William  H.  Moore,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1861;  disch.  Oct.  18,  1862. 

Sergt.  Peter  Fogel,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1861;  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1864,  ei- 

Pergt.  William  A.  Kline,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1861 ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif. 

Sergt.  Alexander  R.  Gwin,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1661;  killed  at  Fort  Wag- 
ner, S.  C,  July  IS,  1863. 

Sergt.  Lucius  A.  Hurlbert,  must,  in  Aug.  27,  1SG3;  disch.  by  G.  O.  June 
28,  1865. 

Sergt.  John  A.  Boyles,  must,  in  Oct.  2S,  1S61 ;  died  at  Charleston,  S.  C, 
July  20,  IS63. 

Corp.  George  Snyder,  must,  in  Aug.  26,  1863;  wounded  at  Darbytown 
Road,  Va.,  Oct.  27,  1864 ;  must,  out  with  company  July  18,  lSt>5. 

Corp.  Augustus  Barker,  must,  in  July  18, 1863;  must. out  with  company 
July  18,  1805. 

Corp.  George  McKe 

Corp.  HeniY  r:i.'i.  ■ 

July  9,  1863;  pro 

, 1865; 

May  4,  1S65; 

June7,  i-         ;  I,  I       .1  «  nil  company  July  18, 1865. 
Corp.  G<-.i_     l:    I  i:.  Feb.22,1864;  pro.tocorp.JuIy7,lS65; 

must,  Mill  .     iMi.n.i   .luly  18,1865. 
Corp.  Thomas  Cliubb,  must,  m  Blarch  3, 1865 ;  pro.  to  corp.  July  7. 1S65 ; 

must,  out  with  company  July  18, 1865. 
Corp.  Alheit  D.  Moore,  must,  in  Oct. 28, 1861 ;  disch.  on  surg. certif.  April 

4,  1S03. 
Corp.  Henry  A,  Miller, 

expiration  of  term. 
Corp.  John  Laffcrty,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1861 

piration  of  term. 
Corp.  D.lniel  Clark,  must,  in  Nov.  8,  1861 

Corp.  Casper  Wicker 

28,  1861; 


Corp.  Nicholas  McCollough,  must,  in  July  16,  1S63  ;  disch.  by  G.  O,  May 

24,  1805. 
Corp.  David  A.  Moore,  must,  in  Oct.  2S,  Isol;  di»ch.  on  surg.  certif. 

April  4,  1862. 
Corp.  Adie  F.  Irwin,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1801  ;  must,  out  «an.  12,  1865,  ei- 

Corp.  John  McLaughlin,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1801;  disch.  July  13,  1802. 
Cnrji,  .hiiiics  Mct'ormick,  must,  in  Nov.  6,  1801;  pro.  to  sergt.-miijor. 
I'm  I'  Charts  Evans,  must  in  Nov.  6,  1861;  pro.  to  sergt.  Co.  K. 
Cnrp.  Ji.nies  II.  Hushes,  must,  iu  Oct.  28,  1861;  killed  at  Chesterfield 

,  1804. 

.  0,  1861 ;  killei 

) ;  res.  Miiy  27, 1805. 
sol  ;  pro.  from  hospital 
lit.  Juno  30,  1805  ;  must. 

at  Drury's  Bluff,  Ta., 
Jilled  at  Oiesterfield 
n  action  July  9,  1804. 

I  Oct.  10, 1804  ;  i 
Oct.  10,  1864  ;  6 


(Dote  of  muster  in  of  balance  of  company,  Oct.  28,1861,  except  i 
Ayers,  James  M.,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  ISBl ;  must,  out  Nov.  23,  1864, 

Bollinger,  Jolm,  must,  in  July  14,  1863;  wounded  at  Darbytown  Boad, 

Va.,  Oct.  27,  1864;  must,  out  with  company  July  18,  1865. 
Berker,  Frederick,  must,  in  Aug.  26, 1863  ;  must,  out  with  company  July 


Mtli  company. 

Gray,  John,  must,  in  Feb,  18, 1865  ;  substitute ;  I 

July  IS,  1865, 
Grossman,  Frederick,  must,  in  Feb,  23,  18G5;  substitute;  nuist.  out  with 

company  July  18, 1865, 
Grossenbecker,  John,  must,  in  Feb, 21,  1865;  substitute;  must,  out  with 

compauy  July  18, 1865, 
Gray,  Silas,  must,  in  Oct,  28,  1861 ;  disch.  Sept,  4,  1862, 
Gray,  Milton,  must,  in  Oct,  28,  1861;  must,  out  Nov,  28,  1S64,  at  e.\pira- 


1  Oct.  -2 


I  Begt,  P,  V,  June  22,  1865 ;  absent. 

1  company  July 
18,  1S65, 

Bearer,  Levi, must,  in  Oct,  19, 1864;  substitute;  must,  out  with  company 
July  18,1866, 

Barton,  Bright  H,,  must,  in  Feb,  26,  1864  ;  must,  out  with  company  July 
18, 1866, 

Brown.  James,  must,  in  Feb,  24,  1865;  substitute;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  18, 1865, 

Buffamoyer,  Daniel,  must,  in  Feb,  15,  1866;  substitute;  must,  out  with 
company  July  IS,  1865, 

Back,  Treranian,  must,  out  Nov.  28, 1854,  expiration  of  term. 

Burkhart,  William,  must,  out  Nov,  28, 1864,  expiration  of  term, 

Burkbart,  William  D.,  must,  out  Nov,  28, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 

Bare,  Walter,  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 

Brown,  Joseph,  must,  out  Nov,  28,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 
Ball,  Willi:ini  W,,  must,  in  Aug,  27,  1863;  disch,  by  G.  0,  June  9, 1865, 
Brown,  James  B.,  killed  :it  Cold  Harbor,  Va,,  June  6, 1864, 
Burkliolder,  Heury,  died  at  Hilton  Head,  S,  C,  Aug.  23,  1862;  burial 

Buel,  Heury  G.,  killed  at  Fort  Wagner,  S.  C,,  July  11,  1863. 

Boyles,  William,  killed  at  Pocotaligo,  S.  C,  Oct,  22, 1862, 

Bai  tlebougli,  Henry,  died  at  Hampton,  Va.,  June  29, 1864,  of  wounds  re- 

Giboney,  George  W.,  must,  in  Nov,  16,  1861 ;  must,  out  Nov,  28,  1864,  at 

expiration  of  term. 
Gobies,  William,  must,  in  Aug,  27,  1863;  died  at  Hampton,  Va.,  July  20, 

Gaines,  George,  must,  in  Aug,  26,  1863;  died  July  11,  1804, 
GiUhouse,  Albert  G,,  must,  in  Sept.  18,  1861, 
Hawley,  Isaac,  must,  in  Aug,  26, 1863 ;  absent,  sick,  at  must,  out. 
Hopper,  Nicholas,  must,  in  Feb,  16,  1865  ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

18,  1865. 
Henney,  Levi,  must,  in  Aug.  27, 1863;  disch,  by  G,  0,  June  2, 1865, 
Hultz,  Nathan,  must,  in  Aug,  27,  1863;  disch,  by  G,  O.June  2,  1865. 
Hubbard,  Michael,  must,  in  Aug.  26,  1863;  disch,  on  surg.  certif,  April 

24,  1865. 
Houseman,  Andrew,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1861  ;  trans,  to  Signal  Corps  Oct, 

16,  1863, 
Hempiield,  George,  must,  in  April  24,  1862 ;  trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps 

Dec.  8,  1863. 
Hencb,  Frederick,  must. 

Hagerty,  Joseph,  must,  ii 

Bradley,  Thomas,: 

,  March  28, 1864 ;  died  June  12, 1864,  of  \ 

1864;  killed 

buried  near  Fort  Steadman,  Petersburg,  Va, 
Hurley,  John,  must,  in  Oct,  28, 1861 ;  died  at  Fo 

30,  1801, 
Holeman,  Edward,  must,  in  Feb,  22 

N,  C,  June  19,  1S05, 
Irwin,  Jacob,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1861 ;  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1864,  at  ( 

Jennings,  Michael,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1861 ;  must,  out  Nov.  24, 1864, 

Head,  S.  C, 
July  9,1864; 

It  Fortress  Monroe,  V.i,,  Nov. 
substitute;  died  at  Raleigh, 

Black,  John  W.,  must,  in  Feb,  13,  1865 ;  substitute, 

Cogsdale,  Tyler,  must,  in  Aug,  27,1863;  disch,  by  G.  0,  July  8,  1805, 

Clemo,  Stephen,  must,  in  Sept,  23,  1864;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 

Cochran,  Michael,  must,  in  Feb,  25, 1865 ;  substitute ;  must,  out  with 
company  July  18,  1865. 

Crossley,  Matthias,  must,  in  Feb.  21,  1865 ;  substitute;  died  July  21, 
1865 ;  buried  in  Cypress  Hill  Cemetery,  Long  Island. 

Conrad,  Henry,  must. in  Deo. 23, 1864;  must,  out  with  company  July  18, 

Cooper,  Isaac,  must,  in  Feb.  15,  1866;  substitute;  must,  out  with  com- 
pauy July  18,1866. 

Conners,  John,  disch,  on  surg,  certif. 

Grossman,  Frederick,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  April  21,  1863, 

Chittenden,  Abel  S,,  must,  in  Sept.  23,  1864;  died  at  Wilmington,  N,  C, 
May  14,  1866, 

Dell,  Samuel,  must,  in  Feb.  22, 1864;  absent,  sick,  at  must,  out. 

Diehl,  William  H.,  must,  iu  Feb,  17,  1S05;  substitute;  disch,  by  G,  0. 
June  30,  1805, 

Diren,  Daniel  W,,  must,  out  Nov,  28, 1804,  at  expiration  of  term. 

Ditch,  Henry,  disch,  on  surg,  certif.  April  4,  1803. 

Dole,  Daniel,  must,  in  Feb,  18,  1864;  substitute;  disch,  by  G.  0,  June  19, 

Dunham,  Joseph,  must,  in  Aug,  25, 1863  ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  12,  1806. 

Delauey,  John,  died  at  Hilton  Head,  S.  C,  Nov,  8, 1862. 

Daniels,  John,  must,  in  Oct.  16,  1861. 

Frank,  William,  must,  in  Oct,  14, 1864 ;  subslitute ;  disch,  July  13, 1805. 

Freeman,  Spencer,  must,  in  Aug,  26,  1863  ;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 

Pairen,  Martin,  must,  in  Feb.  21, 1865 ;  substitute  ;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  18, 1866,  i 

Fleck,  Luther  E,,  must,  in  Oct,  28, 1801;  died  at  Hampton,  Va.,  June  17, 
1864,  of  wounds  received  in  action. 

Fry,  Adam,  must,  in  Oct,  28,  1801 ;  killed  at  Pocotaligo,  S.  C,  Oct.  22, 

Fry,  Levi,  must,  in  Oct,  28,  1861 ;  killed  at  Fort  Wagner,  S,  C,  July  11, 

Finley,  Stephen,  must,  in  Aug,  27,  1862;  killed  at  Fort  Wagner,  S,  C„ 
July  11, 1863, 

Johnson,  John,  must,  in  Sept.  20, 1861. 

Kelly,  Atkinson,  must,  in  Aug,  27,  1863;  absent,  sick,  at  must,  out, 

Kimball,  Festus  A,,  must,  in  Feb,  10,  1865  ;  substitute  ;  disch.  by  G,  0. 
July  14,  1865. 

Kerns,  Thomas,  must,  in  Feb.  22,  1865;  substitute;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  18,  1865. 

Krotzen,  John,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1861 ;  disch.  on  surg,  certif.  April  19, 

Kough,  John  S.,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1861 ;  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1804,  at  ex- 
piration of  term. 

Kelley,  Randall  W.,  must,  in  Sept.  23, 1864;  disch.  by  G.  O.June  28, 1865, 

Kounsman,  David,  must,  in  Oct,  28,  1861  ;  killed  at  Fort  Wagner,  S.  C, 
July  11,  1863, 

Kinsel,  Jonathan,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1801 ;  killed  at  Fort  Wagner,  S.  C, 
July  11,  1863, 

Krotzer,  Henry,  must,  in  Oct,  28, 1801 ;  died  at  Salisbury,  N,  C,  Nov,  22, 

Kemp,  Joseph, 

Nov,  16,  1801 ;  died  at  Hilton  Head,  S.  C,  July 
St.  in  March  24,1862;  killed  at  Fort  Wagner, 
,  in  March  24, 1862;  died  at  Hilton  Head,  S,  C, 
r,  1805;  substitute;  must,  out  with 

S,  C,  July  11,1863, 
Knox,  Willbun  T.,  must,  in 

July  28,  1802. 
Laugtilin,  George  W.,  must 

company  July  18,  1865. 
Lafferty,  George,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1861;  must,  out  N. 

I  Sept.  23,  1864  ;  disch,  by  G,  0.  Ju 

Leffler,  Williai 
Logan,  Jamei  A.,  must,  in  Nov,  10,  1861. 
Langdon,  John  G.,  must,  in  Sept,  12,  1861, 
Martin,  Andrew,  must,  in  Feb.  25,  1864;  uiu 

18,  1 


,  29, 1864  ;  disch.  by  G. 


^liller,  EdnionJ,  must,  in  Oct.  18, 1864  ;  substitute  ;  must,  out  witb  com- 

piiny  July  18, 18C5. 
Meadville,  Graliiim,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1861;  prisoner  from  July  13, 18C3, 

to  Nov.  21, 1864;  must,  out  March  7,  18G5,  to  date  Nov.  26,  1864. 
Moadville,  Peter,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1801 ;  discU.  July  15,  1863. 
Monland,  Joliu,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1861 ;  disch.  June  23, 186.3. 
Miller,  George  W.,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1861 ;  disch.  on  Burg.  certif. 
Miller,  James,  must,  in  Sept.  26, 1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  28, 1865. 
Maltheiv,  Edward  B.,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1861 ;  disch.  on  surg.  certif. 
Mumford,  Alonzo  0.,  must,  in  Sept.  23, 1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  28, 

Monroe,  Joseph,  must,  in  Sept.  23, 1804  ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  May  29, 1806. 
Murri.y,  Ileory,  must,  in  Feb.  24, 1865  ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  10, 1805. 
Morgan,  John  R.,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1801 ;  killed  at  Fort  Wagner,  S.  C, 

July  11,  1803. 
McKiiill,  .\lbert,  must,  in  Feb.  22,  1805;   substitute;   must,  out  with 

McAriiiab,  William  A.,  must,  in  Feb.  27,  1804;  must,  out  with  company 

July  18,  1800;  vet. 
McKeefer,  Arthur,  must,  in  July  11,  1803;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  April 

Noles,  Michael,  must,  in  Feb.  16,  1865;  substitute;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  18,  1805. 

Osier,  John,  must,  in  July  10,  1863;  disch.  by  G.  O.  Juno  9, 1805. 

O.vworth,  George,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1801 ;  trans,  to  Signal  Corps  Oct.  13, 

Powell,  John,  must,  in  Feb.  24,  1S04;  died  at  Uampton,  Ya.,  Aug.  28, 

iSept.  23,  1864;  must.  • 

1  Company  July 

Kogers,  Samuel  F.,  must,  in  Jan.  25,  1865;  trans,  from  203d  Kegt.  P.  V. 
June  22, 1805;  must,  out  with  company  July  18,  1865. 

Beed,  William  H.,  must,  in  Oct.  20, 1864;  substitute ;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  18,  186.1. 

Eeed,  Thomas,  must,  in  Aug.  26,  1863;  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  May  8, 

Eumbaiigh,  James,  must,  in  July  13,  1803 ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  May  22, 1865. 
Uagan,  Daniel,  must,  in  Oct.  28, 1861;  died  at  Uillou  Head,  S.  C,  July 

11,  1802. 
Rolles,  Clement,  must,  in  Aug.  25, 1803. 
Shultz,  Dalliis,  must,  in  Dec.  28, 1863 ;  traus.  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps  Sept.  16, 

1.SC4  ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  July  31,  1865. 
Spicer,  Charles,  must,  in  Oct.  10,1804;  substitute  ;    must,  out  with  com- 

vith  company  July  18, 
iington,N.C.,  April  24, 

Smurr,  Reason,  must,  in  July  16, 1863;  muBt.( 

Shall,  .John,  must,  in  Aug.  11, 1804;  died  at  % 

Skipper,  August  11.,  must,  in  Feb.  24,  1805;  substitute;   must,  out  wi 

company  July  18,  1.S05. 
Strawinger,  John,  must,  in  Feb.  13,  1865;  substitute;  must,  out  wi 

company  July  18, 1865. 
Silbo,  John,  must,  in  Feb.  21,  1865;   substitute;  must,  out  with  coi 

pany  July  IS,  1805. 
Staruosky,  Henry,  must,  in  Feb.  25,  1805;  subslitute;  must,  out  wi 

company  July  18,  1805. 
Stole,  Christian,  must,  in  Aug.  18, 1804  ;  substitute ;  traus.  from  203d  Re( 

P.  V.  Juno  22, 1805;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 
Smith,  George,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1861  ;  disch.  Feb.  29,  1S63. 
Smith,  Sanford,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  ISOl ;  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1804,  expii 

tiou  of  term. 

on  of  I 

Shannon,  John,  must,  in  >.iv.  0,  1801;   disch.  Aug.  1,  1862. 

M.ult/,,,  [    ii,  .Xut;.  27,  1S63;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  2,  1805. 

Ste r,  l;..iij:iii,n.,mu-t.  in  ii.t.  28,  1861;  killed  at  Pocotaligo,  S.C,  Oct. 

22,  1802. 
Smith,  William,  must,  in  Sept.  30,  1803;  killed  at  Drury'e  liluff,  Va., 

May  14, 1804. 
Tioruey,  Thomaa,  must,  in   Feb.  27,  1804  ;  must,  out  with  company  July 

Thompson,  George,  must,  in  Feb.  10,  1865  ;  substitute;  tlisch.  by  G.  0. 

July  18,  1863. 
Taylor,  Gilbert,  must,  in  Feb.  26,  1S03;  subslilule;  disch.  by  G.  0.  July 

7,  1805. 

Vauor.len,  Nor.G.,must.inOct.24,1864;  killed  at  Fortress  Monroe,  Va., 
Dec.  12,  1804. 

Wise,  John,  must,  in  Aug.  27, 1863  ;  absent,  sick,  at  must.  out. 

Welsh,  David,  must,  in  Feb.  23,  1866 ;  substitute  ;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany July  18,  1806. 

Whitman,  Thomaa,  must,  in  Feb.  14,  1865;  substitute;  must,  out  with 
company  July  18,  1805. 

Wicker,  Frederick,  must,  in  Oct.  28,  1801  ;  must,  out  Nov.  28,  1804,  expi- 
ration of  term. 

Weirbaugh,  Levi,  must,  in  April  24, 1862;  must,  out  May  15, 1805,  ex- 
piration of  term. 

Wilcox,  David  E.,  must,  in  Sept.  23,  1804;  disch.  by  G.  O.  June  ID,  1865. 

Weirbaugh,  Henry,  must,  in  March  30,  1802;  died  at  Portsmouth  Grove, 
R.  I.,  Oct.  18,  1804;  burial  record  Oct.  30,  1864. 

Weeks,  Carodan,  must,  in  Aug.  27, 1803;  diedat  Andersonville,  Ga.,Oct. 
2,  1S04,  grave  10,217  or  10,253. 

Touug,  John,  must,  in  Jan.  1,  1864  ;  disch.  by  S.  0.,  date  unknown  ;  vet. 

The  Seventy-seventh  Regiment.— This  regiment 
included  in  its  original  organization  one  company 
(C)  from  Huntingdon  County.  After  the  regiment 
had  been  in  the  service  three  years  and  five  month?, 
it  was  joined  in  the  field  by  a  conipauy  of  Blair 
County  men  under  command  of  Capt.  Daniel  Shock. 
Tliis  was  designated  as  Company  F,  most  of  the  sur- 
viving members  of  the  original  F  compauy  being 
transferred  about  the  same  time  to  A  company. 

The  Seventy-seventh  was  rendezvoused  at  Camp 
AVilkins,  near  Pittsburgh,  where  it  was  organized, 
under  command  of  Col.  Frederick  S.  Stumbaugh,  in 
October,  1861.  On  the  ISth  of  that  month  it  was  em- 
!  barked  on  transport  steamers,  and  proceeded  down 
the  Ohio  to  Louisville,  Ky.,  in  company  with  the 
Seventy-eighth  and  Seventy- ninth  Regiments  of  the 
Pennsylvania  line,  these  three  regiments  forming  a 
brigade,  commanded  by  Brig.-Gen.  James  S.  Negley, 
of  Pittsburgh.  From  Louisville  the  brigade  marched 
south  along  the  line  of  the  Louisville  and  Nashville 
Railroad,  and  remained  encamped  for  a  considerable 
time  at  a  camp  called  "  Camp  Negley,"  in  honor  of 
the  brigade  commander.  While  here  the  Seventy- 
seventh  was  detached  from  the  brigade  and  assigned 
to  the  Fifth  Brigade  of  the  division  commanded  by 
(ieii.  .Vle-^ander  McD.  McCook,  the  other  regiments 
of  tlie  brigade  (commanded  by  Brig.-Gen.  Thomas  J. 
WciimI)  being  the  Twenty-ninth  and  Thirtieth  In- 
di;iMa  and  the  Thirty-fourth  Illinois.  This  brigade, 
with  the  army  of  Gen.  Buell,  marched  southward  into 
Tennessee,  and  arrived  at  Nashville  on  the  2d  of 
JLirch,  1862.  Soon  afterwards  the  Seventy-seventh, 
with  the  other  forces  of  Gen.  Buell,  continued  the 
southward  march,  moving  towards  a  point  on  the 
Tennessee  River,  where  the  forces  of  Gen.  Grant  and 
the  Confederate  army  under  Gen.  Albert  Sidney 
Johnston  were  approaching  each  other,  and  where, 
on  Sunday,  the  6tli  of  April,  they  joined  in  the  great 
battle  of  Shiloh  or  Pittsburgh  Landing.  On  the  even- 
ing of  the  5th  (the  same  time  when  the  Army  of  the 
Potomac  under  Gen.  McClellan  arrived  in  front  of 
Yorktown)  the  advance  of  Gen.  Buell's  corps  reached 
Savannah  (nine  miles  below  Pittsburgh  Landing,  on 
the  Tennessee),  and  bivouacked  there  for  the  night. 
On  the  following   morning-   Buell  heard  the  roar  of 



the  distant  bnttle.nnd  hurried  his  troops  forward  with 
all  possible  speed.  The  divi.sion  of  Gen.  William 
Nelson  led  the  advance,  and  pushed  on  without  halt 
until  late  in  the  afternoon,  when  it  reached  the  right 
bank  of  the  Tennessee,  opposite  the  place  where 
Grant's  hard-pre.ssed  battalions  were  engaged  in  the 
desperate  fight,  contesting  every  inch  of  ground,  yet 
slowly  retiring  towards  the  river.  When  the  suc- 
coring division  came  up  opposite  the  scene  of  con- 
flict its  brave  yet  rough  old  commander  sent  an  aide 
across  to  report  to  Gen.  Grant,  with  this  message, 
"Tell  him,"  said  he,  "that  Gen.  Nelson  is  here  with 
ten  thousand  fii/Zi/ing  men  and  no  d — d  cowards !" 
this  last  remark  being  caused  by  the  sight  of  a  large 
number  of  fugitives  from  the  fight  skulking  behind 
the  bluff  bank  of  the  river.  "  Tell  Gen.  Nelson,"  said 
Gen.  Grant  to  the  aide,  "that  our  men  seem  to  be 
doing  pretty  well,  but  we  shall  be  glad  to  see  him 
over  here."  The  division  was  promptly  crossed  and 
placed  in  position,  enabling  the  Union  forces  to  hold 
their  ground  tirmly  against  the  last  desperate  assaults 
of  the  Confederates.  During  the  night  the  gunboats 
in  the  river  kept  up  an  incessant  cannonade,  throw- 
ing their  huge  shells  over  the  heads  of  the  men  of 
Grant's  army  and  into  the  Confederate  lines  beyond. 
In  the  morning  of  the  7th  the  battle  was  renewed, 
and  the  rebel  forces  were  driven  back  at  all  points, 
though  they  held  their  ground  most  stubbornly  and 
fought  for  hours  with  the  greatest  desperation.  Other 
troops  of  Buell's  command  had  arrived  in  the  mean 
time,  and  among  them  the  brigade  in  which  was  the 
Seventy-seventh  Pennsylvania,  which  came  up  by 
.steamboat  from  iSavannah.  At  about  nine  o'clock  in 
the  morning  it  marched  upon  the  field,  and  was  im- 
mediately under  fire.  For  six  hours  after  its  arrival 
the  battle  raged  with  the  greatest  fury.  The  regiment 
repelled  a  desperate  assault  of  cavalry,  and  was  in 
the  front'  line  in  the  final  charge  which  drove  the 
enemy  from  the  field  and  ended  the  conflict. 

For  about  a  week  after  the  battle  the  regiment  re- 
mained on  the  field  near  Pittsburgh  Landing,  then 
moved  several   miles  to  a  new  camp.     About  four 
weeks  later  it   moved   with   the  army  towards   the 
enemy's  strong  position  at  Corinth,  Miss.,  in  the  ex- 
I      pectation  of  a  general  attack  upon  the  works  at  that 
1     place,  but  they  were  occupied  without  resistance,  the 
I     Confederates  having  evacuated.      Upon  the  fall  of 
i      Corinth,  Gen.  Buell's  army  marched  back  to  Nash- 
i      ville;  the  Seventy-seventh,  with  its  brigade,  passing 
the  entire  summer   on   the   route,  which  was  from 
I     Corinth  up  the  valley  of  the  Tennessee  to  Bridgeport, 
I     Ala.,  thence  northward  by  way  of  Stevenson,  Cowan, 
I     Decherd,  Manchester,  and  Murfreesboro'  to  the  capi- 
I     tal.     Here  it  had  little  rest,  being  ordered  northward 
I     on  the  rapid  march  with  Buell's  forces  to  intercept  the 
I     Confederate  Gen.  Bragg,  who  was  marching  on  Louis- 
j     ville,  Ky.     Buell's  forces  arrived  on  the  26th  of  Sep- 
I     tember,  and  on  the  following  day  the  Seventy-seventh 
I     encamped  in  the  suburbs  of  the  city. 
I  10 

On  the  arrival  of  Buell's  army  at  Louisville,  Gen. 
Bragg  faced  his  forces  southward,  and  marched  back 
towards  Tennessee.  Buell  followed  with  his  army, 
leaving  Louisville  on  the  1st  of  October.  The 
Seventy-seventh,  moving  with  the  left  wing,  passed 
through  Stanford  and  Nicholsville,  Ky.,  skirmishing 
with  the  enemy  at  Claysville,  Lawrenceburg,  and 
other  places,  but  not  being  present  at  the  general  en- 
gagement near  Perryville,  October  8th.  It  reached 
Nashville,  Tenn.,  in  the  last  part  of  October,  and  re- 
mained there  and  in  that  vicinity  for  two  months, 
taking  part  in  a  minor  engagement  at  Lavergne  on 
the  27th  of  November.  On  the  26th  of  December  it 
moved  with  the  army  towards  Murfreesboro',  near 
which  town  the  great  battle  of  Stone  River  was  fought 
on  the  31st  of  December  and  1st  and  2d  of  January. 
The  Seventy-seventh  was  on  the  left  of  the  division 
of  Gen.  R.  W.  Johnson,  which  occupied  the  extreme 
right  of  the  army,  the  position  of  the  regiment 
being  partly  in  a  cedar  thicket  and  partly  in  a  cotton- 
field,  with  the  enemy  near,  and  directly  in  front.  In 
this  position  it  lay  during  the  night  of  Tuesday,  De- 
cember 30th.  The  battle  was  opened  by  Hardee's 
(left)  corps  of  the  Confederate  army,  which  made  a 
furious  assault  soon  after  daylight  on  the  31st,  while 
the  battery  horses  of  Johnson's  division  were  being 
taken  to  water.  In  a  few  minutes  twenty-seven  guns 
out  of  Johnson's  five  batteiies  were  in  the  hands  of 
the  Confederates,  and  the  three  divisions  of  Johnson, 
Davis,  and  Sheridan  (comprising  McCook's  army 
corps)  were  in  retreat  in  some  disorder  across  the 
cotton-field  towards  the  shelter  of  a  ceda^  wood  in 
the  rear.  The  Seventy-seventh,  with  some  other 
troops,  rallied,  made  a  counter-charge,  and  recaptured 
the  guns  of  Edgerton's  battery,  which,  however,  were 
soon  after  again  taken  by  the  enemy,  and  the  regi- 
ment, compelled  to  relinquish  its  temporary  advan- 
tage, was  finally  driven  across  the  field,  and  through 
the  woods  to  the  vicinity  of  the  Nashville  and  Chat- 
tanooga Railroad,  where  the  troops  were  rallied  and 
a  new  line  established  by  the  commanding  general, 
Rosecrans.  This  line,  strengthened  by  slight  breast- 
works, was  held  through  the  day  against  repeated 
attacks  by  the  enemy.  Several  attacks  were  also 
made  on  Thursday,  January  1st,  and  the  artillery  fire 
was  incessant  during  that  day,  but  no  very  decided 
advantage  was  gained  on  either  side.  The  forenoon 
of  Friday  passed  in  comparative  quiet,  but  about  the 
middle  of  the  afternoon  the  Confederates  attacked 
with  great  fury  on  the  left  of  Rosecrans'  line,  gain- 
ing an  advantage  at  first,  charging  Stone 
River,  and  causing  the  Union  troops  to  recoil  at  that 
point,  hut  they  rallied  at  once  and  drove  the  enemy 
back  across  the  stream.  From  that  time  the  conflict 
raged  until  after  dark,  resulting  in  the  complete  rout 
of  the  Confederates,  who  retreated  through  the  town 
of  Murfreesboro'  and  along  the  turnpike  road  towards 

Through   the   entire   battle   of   Stone    River    the 



Seventy-seventh  behaved  with  great  gaUaiitry  and 
steadiness,  for  whicli  it  was  highly  complimented  by 
Gen.  Rosecrans.  Soon  after  the  battle  it  encamped 
near  Murfreesboro',  where  it  remained  until  the  gen- 
eral advance  of  the  Army  of  the  Cumberland,  June 
24,  1863.  In  the  advance  a  Confederate  division 
(Cleburne's)  was  found  in  a  strong  position  at  Liberty  , 
Gap,  where  a  heavy  fight  resulted  on  the  24th  and 
2.')th,  ending  in  the  retreat  of  the  enemy.  The 
Seventy-seventh  was  one  of  the  charging  regiments, 
and  sustained  severe  loss  in  the  engagement.  i 

The  enemy  retired  to  a  strongly  intrenched  line  at 
TuUahoma,  but  evacuated  it  on  the  approach  of  the 
Union  army,  and  retreated  to  Bridgeport,  Ala.,  and 
thence  into  Northern  Georgia.  The  Union  army  fol- 
lowed in  pursuit,  the  Seventy-seventh  with  its  division 
arriving  at  Bridgeport,  on  the  Tennessee  River,  on 
the  31st  of  August.  Crossing  the  river,  it  moved  to  i 
Trenton,  Ga.,  thence  up  Lookout  Valley  to  Valley 
Head,  then  across  the  mountain  to  Broomtown  Valley, 
on  the  road  to  Rome,  Ga.,  but  before  reaching  the 
latter  place  the  progress  of  the  column  was  arrested 
by  the  intelligence  that  the  enemy  was  menacing  the 
left  of  Gen.  Rosecrans'  army,  with  the  evident  inten-  | 
tion  of  giving  battle  to  that  part  of  the  line  (wliich 
was  separated  from  the  extreme  right  and  more  than 
thirty  miles  from  it)  and  of  making  a  desperate  at- 
tempt to  reoccupy  Chattanooga;  and,  tinally,  that 
Longstreet's  corps,  having  been  detached  from  the 
Army  of  Northern  Virginia,  was  already  on  the  south 
side  of  the  Savannah  River,  and  moving  by  rail  with 
all  possible  speed  tojoin  Bragg'sarmy  at  Lafayette,  Ga. 
Upon  receipt  of  this  intelligence  the  Seventy-seventh, 
with  its  division  and  the  other  commands  of  the 
Union  army,  moved  rapidly  back  over  the  mountain 
and  down  the  valley  by  the  same  route  over  which 
the  advance  had  been  made,  and  again  crossing  the  , 
mountain  lower  down  towards  the  Tennessee,  entered 
the  valh'v  known  as  McLemore's  Cove  on  the  17th  of 
Septendier.  After  some  fighting  at  that  place  the  ' 
Seventy-seventh,  with  its  division,  moved  by  way  <if 
Dug  Gap,  Pond  Spriiii;,  niiil  (i(jrdon's  Mills,  and  ar- 
rived on  the  Held  nl   ( 'liiikain.-mga  on  Saturday,  thr 

19th  of  September,  and  sr altirwards  hccame  hotiy 

engaged  in  the  great  battle  which  w;is  LuiLiiit  llnrc  (Jii 
that  and  the  fcjllowing  day  by  tlic  \'u\'>u  army  nrulcr 
Gen.  Rosecrans  and  the  Confederate  f.irees  under 
Bragg,  reinlnreed  by  Longstreet's  corps  fnnii  Vir- 

Near  the  close  of  the  first  day\  ll-ln   at   (■|,i,k- 
amauga  the  regiment  charged,  with  it>  luiLMde  i  Wil- 

and  whi 
been  rcii 

le  in  th 
by  ti  1 
1  forced 

the  most 




to-hand  struggle  in  the  twilight  gloom  they  were  over- 
powered, and  seventy  enlisted  men  of  the  Seventy- 
seventh  taken  prisoners,  as  were  also  several  of  the 
company  officers,  and  all  the  field-officers  of  the  regi- 
ment, wdio  remained  prisoners  till  May  1,  1864.  Many 
of  the  privates  of  the  regiment  who  were  captured  in 

,  this  fight  died  in  the  prison-pen  of  Andersonville. 
The  remnant  of  the  regiment  (those  who  escaped 
capture  in  the  evening  of  the  lyth)  fought  in  the 
battle  of  the  second  day  at  Chickamauga  under  com- 

I  mand  of  Capt.  Joseph  J.  Lawson,  of  Company  C. 
The  battle  resulted  in  defeat  to  the  Union  army, 
and  on  Saturday  night  (September  20th)  the  Seventy- 
seventh,  with  the  other  commands,  withdrew  from  the 
field  of  disaster  to  Ro,ssvillc,  Ga,,  and  from  there  on 
Monday  night  and  the  early  morning  of  Tuesday  re- 
treated to  Chattanooga. 

I  After  Chickamauga  the  regiment  saw  no  more  of 
fighting  (lunn-  tlieycur  1803.  In  October  it  moved 
from  ChaltaniM.-u,  cni-sing  the  Tennessee,  and  march- 
ing by  the  "  Bob  White  road"  to  Jasper,  Tenn.,  where 
it  arrived  on  the  26th.  Thence,  crossing  the  Tennes- 
see to  Shellmound,  it  moved  up  the  river  to  Wliile- 

I  side's,  Ga.,  where  it  remained  during  the  winter,  and 
where  a  considerable  number  of  the  men  re-enlisted 
as  veterans,  and  the  strength  of  the  command  was 
largely  increased  by  recruits  from  Penn.sylvania. 

In  the  spring  and  summer  campaign  of  1804,  the 
Seventy-seventh  fought  at  Tunnel  Hill  on  the  7th  of 
May,  at  Rocky  Face  Ridge  on  the  8th,  in  several  minor 
engagements  from  the  9th  to  the  13th,  at  Resaca,  Dal- 
las, Ga.,  at  New  Hope  Church,  at  Kingston,  Ga..  at 
Kenesaw  Mountain  (where  it  lost  heavily  in  killed  and 
wounded),  and  at  Peach  Tree  Creek,  July  20tli.  It  also 
fought  in  the  subsequent  actions  around  Atlanta, 
including  the  battles  of  Lovejoy's  Station  and  Jones- 

After  the  fall  of  Atlanta,  when  the  Confederate  army 
under  Gen.  Hood  suddenly  crossed  the  Chattahoochee 
into  Alabama  and  marched  towards  Nashville,  with 
the  .vident  intention  of  assaulting  and  capturing 
tli;it  city.  (Icn.  Sherman  detached  a  strong  force 
liiini  lii,^  aniiy  at  Atlanta  and  placed  it  under  com- 
mand of  Gen.  George  H.  Thomas,  with  orders  to 
march  in  pursuit  of  Hood,  give  him  battle,  and 
thwart  his  designs.  The  force  was  composed  of  the 
Tweiily-tliini  (,'orps  (Gen.  Sehofield)  and  Stanley's 
( I'liiirtli )  ('or|)s,  of  which  latter  the  Seventy-seventh 
was  a  ]iart.  The  regiment  arrived  on  the  3d  of  No- 
vcmlier  at  Pulaski,  Tenn.  About  the  25th  it  moved 
to  ( '..hiiiiliia,  where  the  enemy  was  found  in  heavy 
force  :iiid  strongly  posted.  A  severe  engagement 
rc-iiltcl,  in  which,  on  the  29th,  the  Seventy-seventh 
took  ;i  coii-piciioii-  jiart.  During  the  following  night 
tin  regiment  moved  to  Franklin,  Tenn.,  where  it 
ton -lit  k.ravely  in  the  great  battle  of  the  30th,  being 
:it  one  lime  almost  entirely  surrounded  by  the  enemy, 
bnt   e-caping  ti-om  its  exjiosed  position  by  the  exer- 


great  and  decisive  battle  of  Nashville,  the  Seventy- 
seventh  took  a  prominent  part  in  charging  the  Con- 
federate works  on  the  15th  of  December,  and  on  the 
following  day  exhibited  still  greater  gallantry  in 
attacking  one  of  the  enemy's  strongest  positions, 
moving  forward  under  a  most  destructive  fire  of 
canister,  capturiug  a  battery,  and  driving  the  Con- 
federates in  its  front  in  utter  and  irretrievable  rout. 
The  loss  of  the  regiment  in  this  battle  was  heavy  in 
killed  and  wounded,  among  the  former  being  Lieut. 
Alexander  T.  Baldwin,  of  Company  C. 

The  Confederate  army,  completely  defeated  and 
routed  at  Nashville,  fled  southward  into  Alabama. 
Among  the  Union  forces  which  pursued  was  the 
Seventy-seventh,  which  marched  rapidly  to  Hunts- 
ville,  Ala.,  but  there  abandoned  the  pursuit  and 
remained  through  the  succeeding  winter.  About 
the  middlp  of  March,  1865,  it  marched  to  East  Ten- 
nessee, where  it  was  joined  by  five  new  companies, 
one  of  which  was  the  new  F  company,  from  Blair 
County,  under  command  of  Capt.  Shock.  About  the 
last  of  April  the  regiment  returned  to  Nashville, 
where  it  was  assigned  to  the  First  Brigade,  First 
Division,  Fourth  Army  Corps.  In  Jane  it  left  Nash- 
ville, and  passing  down  the  Mississippi  by  boat  to 
New  Orleans,  went  into  camp  at  Plaine  Chalmette 
(Gen.  Jackson's  old  battle-ground  of  1815),  where  it 
remained  nearly  a  month ;  then  embarked  and  pro- 
ceeded by  sea  to  Indianola,  Texas,  arriving  there  on 
the  27th  of  July,  and  immediately  afterwards  march- 
ing to  Green  Lake.  Afterwards  it  moved  to  a  camp 
near  Victoria.  It  remained  in  Texas  until  the  early 
part  of  December,  1865,  when  it  moved  to  Indianola, 
where  the  men  were  embarked  and  proceeded  by 
sea  to  Philadelphia.  Arriving  there  on  the  16th  of 
January,  1866,  they  were  duly  disbanded  and  re- 
turned to  their  homes  and  the  vocations  of  civil  life. 

Following  are  given  lists  of  the  officers  and  en- 
listed men  of  the  Huntingdon  and  Blair  County 
companies  of  the  Seventy -seventh  Regiment: 


Company  C. 

(DiUe  of  muster  in  Sept.  20,  1S61,  except  where  noted.) 

Capt.  Michael  McNally,  res.  Nov.  24,  1862. 

Capt.  Josepll  J.  Lawson.  pro.  from  1st  lieut.  to  capt.  Jan.  8, 1863  ;  to  m:ij. 

June  13, 1805. 
Capt.  Samuel  S.  Gillraan,  pro.  to  Corp.  Feb.  23,  1862;  to  sergt.  Dec.  1, 

1SG2;  to  1st  lieut.  April  10,  1865;  to  capt.  Sept.  1,  1865;  wounded 

at  Marietta,  Ga.,  July  4,  1864;  absent,  with  leave,  at  must,  out;  vet. 
1st  Lieut.  Alexander  T.  Baldwin,  pro.  from  sergt.  to  1st  sergt.  N<jv.  15, 

1861;  to  2d  lieut.  May  25, 1862;  to  1st  lieut.  Jan.  8,  1863  ;   wounded 

at  Dallas,  Ga.,  May  28, 1864 ;  killed  at  Nashville,  Tenn.,  Dec.  16, 1864. 
Ist  Lieut.  Silas  M.  Cline,  pro.  from  sergt.-maj.  to  2d  lieut.  April  10, 1805 ; 

to  1st  lieut.  Sept.  1,  1865 ;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 1865 ;  vet. 
2d  Lieut.  Samuel  T.  Davis,  pro.  to  adjt.  Sept.  28,  1861. 
2d  Lieut.  Edward  B.  Miller,  pro.  fnim  Corp.  to  1st  sergt.  May  26, 1862; 

to  2d  lieut.  Jan.  8,  1863;  disch.  by  S.  0.  Aug.  22,  1863. 
2d  Lieut.  John  T.  Baldwin,  pro.  to  Corp.  Slarch  12, 1862;  to  sergt.  Jan. 

6,1864;  to  let  sergt.  April  12, 1S05;  to  2d  lieut.  Sept.  1, 1865;  must. 

out  Willi  company  Dec.  6,  1865;  vet. 
1st  Sergt.  Daniel  McNulty,  pro.  to  Corp.  Aug.  10,  1862  ;  to  sergt.  April 

12,  1800;  to  Ist  sergt.  Sept.  1,  1865;  absent,  on  furlough,  at  must. 

pro.  from  Corp.  to 


Dec.  14, 



prisoner  from  Sept.  19 

1803,  to 




0.  to  Corp.  Sept.  4 


to  sergt 



nded  at  Frank  11 

.,  Ten 

.,  Nov. 

0,  1864; 


nans,  to  44th  Regt.  P.  V.  Nov.  15,1801. 
mil  t   in  JIarch2.5,1804;pro.to8ergt.  April  10, 1864; 
must,  out  Nvith  c.niiiiniy  Dec.  6,  1865. 
j   Sergt.  William  Heidler,  pro.  from  Corp.  to  sergt.  Nov.  28, 1862  ;  wounded 
at  Eesaca,  Ga.,  May  15, 1864 ;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  0, 1805 : 

1    Sergt.  Henry  Wagner,  wounded  at  Liberty  Gap,  Tenn.,  Juno  25,  1863  ; 
pro.  to  Corp.  Dec.  1, 1862;  to  sergt.  Sept.  1, 1865  ;  must  out  with  com- 
[  pany  Dec.  6,  1865  ;  vet. 

j   Sergt.  Andrew  J.  Mitchell,  wounded  at  Chickamanga,  Ga.,  Sept.  19, 1863 ; 

pro.  to  Corp.  April  12,  1865;  to  sergt.  Nov.  1, 1805;  must,  out  with 

company  Dec.  6, 1805;  vet. 

i   Sergt.  Scott  E.  Crawford,  died  Jan.  13, 1863,  of  wounds  received  at  Stone 

j  River,  Tenn .,  Dec.  31, 1802. 

Sergt.  Philip  Bear,  pro.  to  sergt.  June  30, 1802;  captured  Oct.  8,  1862; 

trans,  to  regular  army. 
Corp.  A.  W.  Baldwin,  must,  in  Feb.  22,  1864;  pro.  to  Corp.  Sept   1, 1805  ; 
1  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 1865. 

Corp.  George  \V.  Leidick,  pro.  to  Corp.  Dec.  11,  1863;  must,  out  with 

company  Dec.  6, 1865 ;  vet. 
Corp.  Henry  H.  Long,  pro.  to  Corp.  April  12, 1865;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany Dec.  6, 1865;  vet. 
Corp.  Patrick  McNulty,  wounded  at  Dallas,  Ga.,  May  28,  1864;  pro.  to 

Corp.  April  12, 1865  ;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 1805  ;  vet. 
Corp.  Thomas  McMahon,  pro.  to  corp.  Nov.  1,  1805 ;  must,  out  with 

company  Dec.  6,  1865  ;  vet. 
Corp.  Augustus  Kiddle,  pro.  to  corp.  Deo.  11,  1863;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany Dec.  6,  1865 ;  vet. 
Corp.  John  Roark,  pro.  to  Corp.  Sept.  1, 1865  ;  must,  out  with  company 

Dec.  6,  1865;  vet. 
Corp.  EzekielTantlinger,  pro.  to  Corp.  Sept.  1, 1865;  must,  out  with  com- 

Corp.  Harvey  Bennett,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Jan.  10,  1862. 

Corp.  William  Jones,  pro.  to  corp.  July  1, 1864  ;  trans,  to  U.  S.  Engineer 

Corps  Aug.  1,1804;  vet. 
Corp.  Richard  Mitchell,  pro.  to  corp. 

1,  1865. 
Corp.  William  Keith,  died  Jan.  10,  1863,  of  wounds  received  at  Stone 

River,  Tenn.,  Dec.  31, 1862;  burled  at  Stone  River,  grave  84. 
Corp.  James  S.  Leator,  died  at  Nashville,  Tenn,,  June  10, 1802. 
Corp.  W.  H.  H.  Woolslair,  pro.  to  corp.  Deo.  1, 1862 ;  captured  at  Chicka- 

mauga,  Ga.,  Sept.  19,  1803;  died  at  Andersonville  Aug.  27,  1864; 

giave  0980. 
Corp.  Hugh  M.  Hall,  pro.  to  corp.  June  30, 1862  ;  captured  Oct.  8, 1862; 

enl.  iu  regular  army. 
Musician  John  Dill,  must,  in  Feb.  25,  1864;  must,  out  with  company 

Dec.  6,  1865.,  Gustave,  must,  in  Feb.  29, 1864;  wounded  at  Franklin,  Tenn., 

Nov.  30,  1864 ;  disch.  by  6.  0.  June  13, 1865. 
Arndl,  John  J.,  must,  in  Oct.  29, 1861 ;  trans,  to  regimental  band  Nov. 

1,  1861. 
Brehm,  William,  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 1866;  vet. 

Baker,  George, ,  absent,  on  detached  duty,  at  must.  out. 

Brown,  Emaunel,  must,  in  Feb.  24, 1804 ;  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 

0,  1805. 
Bray,  Thomas,  must,  in  Feb.  20,  1804  ;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 

.  11,  1863;  to  com.-sergt.  April 


,  John  S.,  must,  in  Feb.  4, 1S65  ;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 


tt,  Silas  A.,  must,  in  Slarch  1, 1865;  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 

company  Dec.  6, 

March  8,  1866;  musi 


Brooks,  John  W.,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  May  22, 1862. 

Bilchins,  John  C  ,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  June  2, 1862. 

Bull,  Jacob,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Sept.  24, 1862. 

Boyer,  Peter,  must,  out  Oct.  11, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 

Buchanan,  James  VV.,  must,  out  Oct.  11,  1804,  expiration  of  term. 

Black,  Samuel  D.,  must,  in  July  23,  1862  ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  22,  1865. 

Bostwick,  Albert  S.,  must,  in  Feb.  24, 1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  May  12, 1866. 

Breiteiistein,  Lnid,  trans,  to  4tti  U.  S.  Art.  March  1!',  IS04. 

HISTORY   OF   HUNTINGDON   COUNTY,  PENNSYLVANIA.,  SKinuel,  .lie.l  at  I.oinsville,  Ky.,  Murch  4,  1802. 

llolden,  John  :^.,  must,  in  March  1,  1805:  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 

Bender,  Kzra  K.,  died  at  Corinth,  Miss.,  June  19, 1602. 

0.  1805. 

Ben.I-r.  Fliivius  J.,  .ni.tnred  .it  ChickamauBii,  Ga.,  Sept.  10,  ISC,:!;  died 

Ilursli,  Lebhias  B.,  must,  in  March  lo,  1S05;  must,  out  with  company 

at  l:M,„i..i,.|,Va.,  Feb,  24,  18C4. 

Dec.  0.  1805. 

Hr...,-ll,.,.  Ii,  Tl,..i„,,s  must,  in  Sept.  29,  ISIU;  eapturcd  at  rhickamanga. 

Hibler,  Walter,  uinst.  in  March  21, 1800;  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 

i::i.,Sri-i,  ri,  1-1.:;  diedatAndersunvilloNov.  27,  IKM  ;  luir.  rec.  Oct. 

0.  1865. 

■Ji,,    |s,,l,     ;;,,,,..   rj.I77. 

Howell,  Albert  J,   must,  in  March  1.5,1805;  died  Nov.  28,  1805  ;  buried 

]■.:,::'..  V.   !     i:,,   .,,  . -^  M,  Sept.  Hi.  1802  ;  captured  at  Oiiek.tniaupi,  Ga., 

six  miles  northwest  of  Victoria,  Tenn. 

-:       |.    1        ,    in.l  at  Ander.-!onville,Tuly  31, 1804;  grave  44114. 

llolwager,  Jacob,  must,  in  March  9, 1805  ;  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 

I',  ,,  ,  ,  -        1         i;,    -t.  in  March  9,  1805;  died  at  Camp  Stanly,  Te.'ias, 

0,  1805. 

'   ^,'.  :     ■■]-.. 

Hummel,  Cliristian,  must,  in  March  9,  1805;  must,  out  with  company 

l!.„„,.l"-'>Tli..i".-t.  in  Man-h  i:,  isra. 

Dec.  G.  1865. 

Hell.  F,..I.T,cU,M,u.t.  ,MM;inl,-.l,  IN,.-,. 

Hilbish,  Zachariah  T-,muKt.  in  March  8, 1865;  must,  out  with  company 

r,d,-niar,,  .iMu-f  ],..  niu-l,  out  with  company  Dec.  0,  ISI«;  vet. 

Dec.  0. 1865. 

Calveit.WilliiLinll  -t.i.i  l-,.h,  27,  ls.;4;wonn.lea  at  Franklin,  Tenn.; 

Heller,  James,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  10, 1S02. 

Hamer,  George  G,,  must,  out  Oct.  11,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 

Cup]..  Joseph,  .ou>l    ..,   F.h   L-:.,  1.^1:4;  «ound.'d  at  Ilalla»,  Ga.,  Jnne  7, 

Hamilton,  Joseph  B.,  must,  out  Oct.  11,  1864.  expiration  of  term. 

l»i;4;   ]„HM    o„l   uith.oinlMny  Hoc    CISI,."). 

Holt,  James,  must,  in  Oct.  1, 1862  ;  must,  out  Oct.  0, 1865,  expiration  of 

Cramer,  Samnel,  mn.t  in  20,  lb02;  mn=.t.  out  with  comjuiuy  Doc. 


C,  ISO.i. 

Haas,  Henry,  must,  in  Oct,  20,  1861;  trans,  to  regimental  band  Nov.l, 

Cooper,  William  X).,  discli.  on  surR.  certif.  Jan.  10,  1805. 


Carpenter,  ThumM  D.,  must,  in  Oct.  20,  ISOl ;  trana.  to  hand  Nov.  1,  1801. 

Ilinger,  Samnel  H.,  wounded  at  Lovejoy,  Ga.,  Sept.  2,  1804;  must,  out 

Crook,  William  H.,  must,  in  Oct.  20,  1.801 ;  trans,  to  hand  Nov.  1,  1801. 

with  company  Dec.  6,  1865;  vet. 

Cook,  Charles  t:.,  commissioned  2d  lient.;  trans,  a.s  aide-de-camp  to  Btaff 

Johnston,  Jacob,  must,  in  Oct.  20, 1861 ;  trans,  to  n-gimental  band  Nov.  1, 

of  Gens.  Negley  and  Palmer;  died  July,  1864,  of  wounds  received  at 

1.SCI . 

.Atlanta.  Ga. 

Jennings,  .'Samuel,  res.  Oct.  S,  1861. 

Oolhalh,  .\nieil,  dic-d  at  Tnsoumbia,  Ala.,  June  10,  1802. 

Keller,  Isaac,  must,  in  Feb.  22.  1864;  nmst.  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 

Dixon,  W  ,11,.„M.  wuonded  at  Stone  I'.iver,  Tenn.,  Dec.  31,  1802,  at  Chick- 


am,in-a.  Ga  ,  S-iit.  10,  lSG:i,  and  at  Nashville,  Tenu.,  Dec.  16,  1804; 

Kegg,  Joseph,  must,  in  Feb.  20,  1804;  must,  out  with  comjiany  Dec.  6, 

Doaii.-,  1:  ,  mnsl.  in  March  i:j,  1805;  must,  out  witli  company 

Kol.p,  William  G.,  must,  in  March  9,  1805;  must,  out  with  company 

iTc   r,,  ISO,-, 

Dec.  0,  1805. 

DraK,-,  Jolni.  niL„t.  in  Jtarch  8,  ISC.",;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  0, 

Kreps,  Henry  P.,  wounded  at  Liberty,  Tenn.,  June  2.5,1803;  n.ust.  out 

Sept   20,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 

Dougherty,  George  W.,  woumled  at  Liberty  Gap,  Tenn.,  June  25, 1863  ; 

Kephait,  Samuel,  must,  in  Feb.  27,  1864;  killed  ,at  Atlanta,  Ga.,  Aug.  5, 

must,  out  Oct.  11,  1804,  oxpir.ation  of  term. 


Doihool.  II.,  nnist.  out  Oct.  21,  1S04,  e.Ypiration  of  term. 

Lee,  Henry  T.,  must,  in  Feb.  22,  1861;  wounded  at  Dallas,  Ga.,  May  28, 

p \>  :  ,■,  ,  :,  1:    „.,un,l,..l;a  Liberty  Gap,  Tenn.,Jnne  25, 1803 ;  must. 

1,864;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 1805. 

,1        '    .     ;      1.  .  ,|ii,iiiiiii  of  term. 

Leidick,  Joseph   E.,  must,  in  Feb.  24,  1804;  must,  out  with  company 

IK    ,    :       •          [                ,  :,    .:,-     I,.',.,   U  Uct.  10,  1801 . 

Dec.  0,  1865. 

Kl.  r.  ,  ^'liM.   i    1111,-1    10  M,.ii  li  8,  1865;  died  at  Camp  Ilarkor,  Tenn., 

Leidick,  Abraham,  must,  in  Feb.  24, 1804 ;  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 

,11, ,y,:,  ISO,.. 

0,  1.805. 

FahnestocU,  Eidiraim  A.,  must,   out  with  company  Dec.  0, 1805;  vet. 

Leidick,  Daniel,  must,  in  Feb.  28,  1805;  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 

Flower.^  .la.oh,  trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps  Feb.  6,  1864. 

0,  1805. 

FnlKi..;ul,  John,  tran.s.  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps  Sept.  12,  1803. 

Lehnnm,  Jacob,  dis.h.  Aug.  24,  1803.  for  wounds  received  at  Liberty 

Fiiebao-h,  .lacob,  die.l  at  Camp  Chase,  Ohio,  July  10,  1802. 

Gap.  Tenn.,  June  2,5,  1803. 

Fii.loii.  Isai.c  N.,  n,ust.  in  Feb.  24,  1804;  died  in  Texas,  July  25,  1S05. 

Long,  .lann-s  P.,  must,  out  Oct.  11,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 

Fit/.;;., aid,  Henry. 

Landgral't,  C'harles,  must,  in  Aug.  15,  1S04;  discli.  by  G.  0.  June  22, 

G.irv,.,,  Iiavol  H.,  nin-t,  in  Feb,  22.  1804;  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 


0,  HC".  ;  vt. 

Logan,  Thonnis,  tr.ans.  to  4th  U.  S.  Art.  March  10,  1.S04. 

t;o.»ll'n.-.  I'll.  , ,  n.n,-t,  10  Fi-b  2,..  1m;I  ;  woU],deil  at  Dallas,  Ga„  3Iay  30, 

Lyeum,  John,  must,  in  Feb.  25,  1,864  ;  trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Cirps  Aug.  25, 
Marks,  Levi,  must,  in  Feb.  25,  1804;  must,  out  with  cmipany  Doc.  6, 

Gnd,lrlv^u-H,;''ou"'iirMa,cl,  10,1805;  must,  out  with  company 

Getty-.  S;nnui  1    ,\.,  .ou.^t.   H,  Sept.  20,  1861;  disch.  Feb.  7,   180:i,   for 

MarUel,  Adam  K.,  must,  in  Feb.  25,  1804  ;  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 

wonlel,^l•ll■l^.■a:,18tMn.■  Ki ver,  Tenn.,  Dec.  31,  1802. 

1:,  1.S05. 

lie  River,  Tenn.,  Dec.  31,  1802 

.  by  G.  O.  June  22, 1805. 

111.I..I  at  Dallas,  U.i.,  .May  2>-,  lM.4;  must,  out  witli 
w..iiiided  at  Stone  River,  Tenn.,  Dec.  31,  1802  ;  must, 
l.iii   Maich  12,1801;  must,  out  with  company  Dec, 

Mnrphy,  George  B.,  must,  in  Starch  1,1805;  must,  out  with  company 

Dec.  0,  1805. 
Michael,  Jacob  C,  must,  in  March  0,  1805;  must,  out  with  company 

Dec.  6,  1805. 
Manning,  William,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  Feb.  0,  1803. 
Mnrphy,  Alexander,  trans,  to  Co.  I)  Oct.  10, 1861. 
Monroe,  George  W.,  must,  in  Oct.  29,  1S61;  trans,  to  regimental  band 

Hurley,  Walter,  died  at  Na.shville,  Tenn.,  Oct.  10,  1802. 

Martin,  John,  captured  at  Chickamauga  Sept.  19,  1863;  died  at  Ander- 

sonvillc,  Ga.,  Aug.  :iO,  1804,  grave  7263. 
Murpliy,  William,  must,  in  March  1,  1805;  died  at  Green  Lake,  Tei., 

Starch  6,  1865 ; 

ilh  company 

McLimaus,  Tlioma 

Dec.  0,  1865. 
McLimaus,  Robert,  must,  in  March  6,  1805;  must,  out  with  company 

.  out  witli  company  Dec. 


McFarland,  Chiirles,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  April  10, 1863;  died  at  An 

ni|i.ilis,  JM.,  April  2i,  ISO:!. 
McGiiiley,  James,  must,  out  Oct.  U,  1S04,  expiration  of  term. 
McKi'e,  Isaac,  captiireil  at  Chickamauga,  Ga.,  Sept.  19,  1803;   died  o 

Riiliniond,  Va.,  Jan.  17,  1804. 
Nipple,  Ali-.vander,  must,  in  Feb.  22, 1804;  must,  out  with  company  Di'. 



disch.  on  Burg.  certif.  June  24, 18G2. 
I,  must,  in  Oct.  20,  1801 ;  trans,  to  regimental  band  Nov. 

ck,  must,  in  Feb.  25, 1804;  wounded  at  Atlanta,  Ga.,  Jul 

trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps,  date  unknown. 
I.,  must,  in  Sept.  2(1, 1801. 

II,,  must,  in  Feb.  27,  1804. 
i  W.,  must,  in  Oct.  29,  1861 ;   trans,  to  regimental  bar 

,  must,  in  Feb.  22, 1804 ; 


Patterson,  John  H.,  must,  in  Feb.  24,1864;  must,  out  with  company 

Dec.  0,  1.SI5. 
Price,  William  P.,  trans,  to  Co.  B  Nov.  1,  1801. 
Rosenborg,  Jackson,  wounded   at   Cliickamauga,  Sept.  19,   18G3,   and 

Lovejoy,  Ga.,  Sept.  2, 1804;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  0, 1800; 

Rhodes,  Isaac,  must,  in  Feb.  25, 1804  ;  must,  oui 

Reese,  David,  must,  in  Marcli  8,  1805;  must,  on 

Kaizer,  Matthias,  must,  in  March  6, 1805;  must. 

6,  1865. 
Rupe,  George,  wounded  at  Liberty  Gap,  June  2 

kvith  company  Dec.  6, 
with  company  Dec.  0, 


les,  Joseph,  must,  in  March  12,1862;  musi 
xpiration  of  term. 

Koth,  Je 

March  20,  1805, 
Oct.  29, 1801  ;  trans,  to  regimental  band  Nov.  1, 
n  Oct.  20,  ISOl  ;  died  at  Louisville,  Ky.,  Nov.  7, 
n  Oct.  20,  ISCI ;  died  at  Louisville,  Ky.,  Feb.  7, 
Oct.  20,  1861. 

Wilson,  James  M.,  must,  in  Fab  27,1864;  wounded  at  Fianklin,  Teun., 
Nov.  30, 1864;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6,  1805. 

Wildman,  James,  must,  in  July  15,  1804;  must,  out  with  company  Dec. 
0,  1805. 

Waduman,  William  W.,  must,  in  Marcli  10, 1805 ;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany Dec.  0,  1805. 

Wilson,  Josepli,  disch.  on  surg.  certif.  June  24,  1862. 

Watkins,  Natlianiel,  disch.  on  surg.  rertif.  Jan.lO,  1862. 

Webster,  William,  must,  out  Oct.  11, 1864,  expiration  of  term. 

Wagnei-,  Jesse,  must,  out  Dec.  10,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 

White,  Charles,  must,  in  July  21,  1802 ;  disch.  by  G.  0.  June  22, 1865. 

Wirths,  M.itthias,  must,  in  Feb.  27,  1864;  disch.  by  G.  0.  July  10, 1865. 

Welker,  George  C,  nnist.  in  Oct.  29,  1801 ;  trans,  to  regimental  band 
Nov   1,  ISOl. 

Zeigb,  Joseph,  ni 

Zeager,  Jacob,  mi 

Zeek,  Emanuel,  n 

Zeigler,  Josiah,  ii 

20,  1804;  disc 
Zimm,  William  I 

Nov.l,  1801. 


,  1804  ; 

Feb. 22, 1864;  i 
n  Feb.  27,  1804; 

1  company  Dec.  6, 
company  Dec.  6, 
I  company  Dec.  0, 
Atlanta,  Ga.,  Aug. 

Capt.  Daui 
Dec.  0 



24, 1805 ; 

•ith  . 


.  in  March  9, 1865  ;  i 

;  with  company  Dec.  0 
ut  with  company  Dec 

First  Lieut.  Miles  Zentmcyer,  mu 

company  Dec.  fi,  1865. 
Second  Lieut.  J.  0.  Brookbank,  pro.  to  q.m.  Oct.  15,  1805. 
First  Sergt.  George  Diehl,  must,  in  Feb.  27, 1805 ;  must,  out  with  com- 
pany Dec.  6,1805. 
Sergt.D.  R.  P.  Johnston,  must.' in  Feb.  24,1805;  must,  out  with  cum- 
j  pany  Dec.  G,  1865. 

list,  out  witli  company       Sergt.  James  E.  Davis,  must,  in  March  2, 1S05  ;  must,  out  with  company 

I  Dec.  6,  1805. 

out  with  company  Dec.    I    Sergt.  Louis  H.  Geisler,  must,  out  witli  company  Dec.  6,  1805. 

Sergt.  George  W.  Miller,  must,  in   Feb.  24,  1805;  must,  out  with  com- 
out  With  company  Dec.    '  pany  Dec.  0,  1S05. 

Corp.  D.  S.  llergslresser,  must,  in  Feb.  27,  1805  ;  must,  out  Dec.  12,  1805. 
t  with  company  Dec.  0,    \    Corp.  John  T.  Allen,  must,  in  March  3,  1805;  must,  out  with  company 


,  lSCi5 

Corp.  ^ 

i  Hcigle,  must. 


A'ith  company 


Dec.  0,  1805. 
Coi-p.  Thomas  C.  Miller,  nnist.  out  with  company  Dec.  fi,  1805. 
Corp.  George  Morrison,  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6,  1805. 
Corp.  Lewis  Sylong,  must,  in  March  2,  1805;  died  Sept.  13, 1865;  buried 

six  miles  northwest  of  Victoria,  Texas. 
Corp.  Jer.  Rickabaugh,  discli.  by  G.  O.  Sept.  14,  1865. 

Shirk,  Cliristiau  G.,  must,  out  Oct.  11, 1864,  expiration  of  term.  ' 

Silks,  George  W.,  must,  out  Oct.  11,  1864,  expirati.>n  of  term. 

Stevens,  Jacob  C,  must,  out  Oct.  11,  1864,  expiration  of  term. 

Silks,  Samuel,  must,  out  Oct,  11, 1864,  expiration  of  tei  ui. 

Stevenson,  George,  trans,  to  Co.  D  Oct.  10, 1801. 

Sneath,  Willis,  trans,  to  Co.  D  Nov.  1, 1801. 

Shult/.,  Jacb,  trans,  to  Vet.  Bes.  Corps  Aug.  10, 1863. 

Stallmaii,  Franklin,  wounded  May  28,1864;  trans,  to  Vet.  Res.  Corps 

Jan.  In,  1805. 
Shade,  Alfred,  must,  in  Oct.  29, 1801 ;  trans,  to  regimental  band  Nov.  1, 


.  Jaco! 

,  1805 


I  II.,  must. : 

29, 1861 ;  trans,  to  regimeutal  baud 
Oct.  29,  1801 ;  trans,  to  regiment; 


Bookliamer,  Tliomas,  must,  out  witli  company  Dec.  6, 1865. 
Bookhamer,  Jolin,  must,  out  witli  company  Dec.  6, 1865. 
Berayer,  Joaepli  S.,  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 1805. 
Bnrket,  David,  must,  in  March  6,  1805;  absent,  sick,  at  musI 
Blackburn,  ller'n,  must,  in  Fob.  27, 1805  ;  must,  out  with  Co 

0,  1805. 
Boyer,  William,  must,  in  March  3,  1.SC5;  must,  out  with  coi 

6,  1805. 
Boswell,  William,  must,  in  March  3,  1865  ; 

6,  1805. 
Bishiiig,  Samuel, must,  in  Jan  18,1805;  m 

Buck,  Augustus,  must,  in  April  3,  1865;  m 

lilt  with  company  Doc. 
with  company  Dec.  6, 
t  with  company  Dec.  6, 


I  Feb.  2S,  18115  ;  diseh. 

Merlnu.l,  .James,  must,  in  Fel..24,  18G5;  must,  out  with  company  Dec.  6, 

2(1,  ISG,-.. 

McCue.  William,  must,  in  March  2,  18C,i;  must 

.out  with  company  Dec. 

ipaliy  Dec.  0. 

0,  1803. 

MeCray,  James,  must,  in  Marcli  2,  I8C.i;  disch. 

l.y(;.  O.July  .5,1865. 

ompuny  Dee. 

Nolaud,  Tliomas,  must,  in  Felj.  28, 1S65. 

'   Over,  Daniel,  must,  in  Feb.  28,  1805  ;  must,  ou 

It  Willi  company  Dec.  6, 

iil);iiiy  Dec.  i;, 


I'lihglf,  Daniel,  must,  in  Feb.  28,  18G5;  must. 

,  out  with  company  Dec. 

Conrad,  Ed" 

n,  Martin,  must,  in  Feb.  27,  1865;  died  Sept.  2,  18G3  ;  bu 

iles  northwest  of  Victoria,  Tex;is. 

berlain,  Jacob,  must,  in  March  6,  IStlS;  ab,s,.|it,  sick,  at 

1  Feb. 



Diehl,  Gei.rge  0  ,  must,  in  Feb.  2.S,  1805;  mui 

6,  1.S65. 
Direly,  Jlorgan,  must,  in  Feb.  28,  1805  ;  must. 

Direly,  Martin,  must,  in  Feb.  28,  1805; 

Direly,  Ceorge  M.,  must,  in  Feb.  27,  1805  ;  mu 

Eduiist Is.aa.-,  must,  iu  March  0, 1S05  ;  mm 

Fisher,  Ii.u.i..!  J.,  nimt.  in  Mareli  0,  lSC.i;  mu 

Pliillips,  James,  mus 
K,aezer,  Daniel  S.,  u 

Dec.  0,  1805. 
Eitchey,  George  S., 


1  1,  1805;  disch.  by  G.  O.  July  1,  1805. 
■b.  24,  1866  ;  disch.  by  <i.  O.  June  23,  1865. 
March  20,  1805;  must,  out  with  company 

in  Feb.  28,  1865;  disch.  by  G.  0.  July  11, 

ust.  out  with  company  Dec. 
.  out  with  company  Dec.  G, 

vitli  company  Dec. 
,ith  company  Dec. 

Stevens,  Giles,  must. 

Sprankle,  David,  mui 

0,  1805. 
Spcece,  Henry,  must. 

t.  in  Feb.  24, 
Feb.  24, 1S05  ; 

iu  Feb.  28,  ISO 
March  2,  I8G5 

n  Feb. 


1  company  Dec.  6, 
■ith  company  Dec. 
th  company  Dec.  0, 


ust.  in  Feb.  28,  1805;  died  at  Nashville,  Ten 

:k,  William, 


in  Feb, 


05;  died  a 

7,  1805. 

eman,  Mich 

,  must. 

in  Fe 

b.  28,  isc; 

July  iJ.18G, 

dau,  Henry, 


in  Feb. 

28,  If!( 

55;  must. 



ly,  must,  in  JIarch  2, 

,1865;  mu 

•ake,  Texas,  Auk. 
t  Louisville.  Ky., 
cora,.a,.y  Dec.  (., 

Stewart,  Samuel  A., 

Tipton.  Levi,  must. 

Trueuian,  Jacob,  mi 

Temple,  Fianklin.n 

ust.  in  March  2, 1805. 
.iu  Feb.  28,  1865. 
Feb.  27,  1865  ;  must. 


upany  Dec. 

St.  in  March  \  1805;  died  Sept.  16, 1865;  buried  si 

of  Victoria,  Texas. 

ust.  i\i  March  0,  1605;  died  Oct.  1,  1805;  buried  si 

of  Victoria,  Texas. 

lust.  in  Jan.  18,  1S65;  absent,  sick,  .it  must.  out. 

isl.  in  Feb.  27,  1865;  must,  out  with  c.iuipany  De 

,  in  Feb.  28,1805;  : 

ith  company  Dec. 

b.  2.'!,  1805;  died  : 

■ia,  Texas. 

[3,  1805;  niust.<i 

Feb.  28,  1865;  died 

V  H  A  P  T  E  R    XXIII. 

.\HV— W.^ll    iiF    TIIK    REBELLION 


Eig^hty-fourth  Regiment.  —  The  Eighty-fourth 
RetjiMieiit  of  rt'iiii-ylvaiiia  wiis  raised  in  the  summer 
and  fall  of  l.-^Cl,  :nid  or-aniz.-d  under  the  following- 
named  fu-ld-nHiirr>,  vi/.  :  C.l.  William  (i.  Murray 
((.f  Hnllidnv>l.iii-,  niair  Co.),  Lieut. -Col.  Thomas  C. 
McDowell. '.Mai.    WaUrr    I'.airett.      The    rendezvous 



near  Huntingdon  (which  was  also,  and  at  the  same 
time,  the  rendezvous  of  the  One  Hundred  and  Tenth 
Regiment),  but  it  was  removed  from  this  to  Camp 
Curtin  about  the  1st  of  December  following.  The 
companies  composing  the  regiment  were  recruited  in 
the  counties  of  Cameron,  Clearfield,  Columbia,  Blair, 
Dauphin,  Lycoming,  and  Westmoreland.  Of  these, 
Blair  County  furnished  two  full  companies  (A  and 
E),  and  a  large  proportion  of  two  other  companies 
(C  and  I),  the  former  of  these  two  being  partly  raised 
in  Westmoreland,  and  the  latter  partly  in  Clearfield 

The  regiment  was  mustered  into  the  service  on  the 
24th  of  October,  1861.  On  Wednesday,  November  27th, 
it  left  Camp  Crossman  for  Harrisburg,  where  it  arrived 
the  same  night,  and  on  the  following  day  pitched  its 
tents  at  Camp  Curtin.  On  the  21st  of  December  the 
State  colors  were  presented  to  the  regiment  by  Gov- 
ernor Curtin.  The  flag  was  received  by  the  colonel, 
and  by  him  placed  in  charge  of  Color-Sergeant  Stokes, 
who,  on  receiving  it,  said,  "Governor  and  colonel, 
if  I  don't  return  this  flag,  'twill  be  because  Ned 
Stokes  will  occupy  five  feet  eight  on  the  ground." 

On  Tuesday,  December  .31st,  the  regiment  leftCamp 
Curtin  for  Williamsport,  Md.,  proceeding  by  railroad 
to  Hagerstown,  Md.,  whence  it  marched  to  Clear 
Spring,  camping  there  on  the  night  of  January  1st. 
Moving  forward  the  next  morning,  it  arrived  at  Han- 
cock at  three  o'clock  p.m.,  and  was  quartered  in  the 
town  for  the  night.  On  Friday,  January  3d,  it  crossed 
the  Potomac,  and  marched  to  Bath,  Va.,  reaching  there 
at  one  o'clock  p.m.,  and  on  the  following  day  had  a 
sharp  skirmish  with  the  enemy  at  that  place,  the 
Eighty-fourth  being  supported  by  the  Thirty-ninth 
Illinois,  with  a  section  of  a  battery  and  a  small  body 
of  cavalry.  The  enemy  (a  part  of  "  Stonewall"  Jack- 
son's forces)  drove  in  the  Union  skirmishers  at  eight 
o'clock  A.M.,  but  was  held  in  check  until  three  o'clock 
P.M.,  when  the  Eighty-fourth  and  other  troops  were 
compelled  to  retire  before  the  superior  Confederate 
force,  and  marched  by  way  of  Sir  John's  Run  to 
Hancock,  crossing  the  river  at  about  dark.  Gen. 
Lander  arrived  at  Hancock  the  same  night,  and  on 
the  following  day  assumed  command  of  the  troops  at 
that  place. 

The  enemy  who  had  been  fought  at  Bath  followed 
the  retreating  Union  troops  to  the  Potomac,  and 
shelled  the  town  from  the  south  side  of  the  river. 
The  Union  troops  were  formed  in  line  to  resist  the 
enemy  should  he  attempt  to  cross;  but  it  was  found 
he  had  no  intention  of  doing  so,  his  advance  being 
merely  a  feint  to  cover  his  real  designs  against 
Romney,  Va.  Discerning  this.  Gen.  Lander  made  a 
counter-movement,  marching  his  regiments  to  Cum- 
berland, Md.,  where  the  other  troops  of  his  command 
were  concentrated,  and  where  the  Eighty-fourth  ar- 
rived on  the  12th  of  January.  During  the  winter 
the  regiment  was  posted  successively  at  the  railroad 
bridges  over  the  North  Bniiicli  and  South  Branch  of 

the  Potomac  and  at  Paw  Paw  Tunnel.  On  the  28th 
of  February  it  was  brigaded  with  the  Fourteenth 
Indiana  (Col.  Kimball),  Uie  Sixty-seventh  Ohio  (Col. 
Busenbinder),  and  Seventh  Virginia  (Col.  Evans). 

On  the  2d  of  March,  Gen.  Lander  died,  and  the 
command  devolved  on  Col.  Kimball.  On  the  5th  the 
regiment  moved  to  Martinsburg,  Va.,  arriving  there 
at  midnight  of  the  6th.  On  the  11th  the  First,  Sec- 
ond, and  Third  Brigades  were  ordered  to  Winchester, 
and  moved  towards  that  town,  arriving  at  Bunker 
Hill  in  the  afternoon  of  the  same  day,  and  reaching 
a  point  within  two  miles  of  Winchester  on  the  night 
of  the  12th.  There  the  information  was  received  that 
the  town  had  been  evacuated  by  the  Confederates, 
and  thereupon  the  regiment  went  into  camp,  which 
was  named  "  Camp  Kimball."  Here  Col.  Kimball, 
who  had  succeeded  to  the  command  on  the  death  of 

!  Gen.  Lander,  was  himself  succeeded  by  Gen.  James 
Shields.  On  the  18th  of  March  the  regiment  moved 
southward  about  seventeen  miles,  passed  through 
Middletown,  and  bivouacked  one  mile  south  of  the 

On  the  19th  the  Eighty-fourth  marched  southward, 

,  its/idvance-guard  skirmishing  with  Ashby's  cavalry, 
and  losing  slightly  in  wounded.  That  night  it 
bivouacked  one  mile  south  of  Strasburg.  On  the 
20th  it  left  this  camp  and  marched  back  to  Camp 

j  Kimball,  two  miles  north  of  Winchester,  which  it 
reached  before  eight  o'clock  p.m.,  having  marched 

I  twenty-three  miles  without  a  halt  for  rest.  On  the 
evening  of  the  22d  of  March  it  moved  through  Win- 

1  Chester  southward  to  meet  the  forces  of  "  Stonewall" 

j  Jackson,   who  was  reported  to  be  approaching  the 

1  place.  The  regiment  marched  about  four  miles,  and 
bivouacked  two  miles  south  of  Winchester.  On 
Sunday  morning,  March  23d,  the  Confederate' army 
under  Jackson,  eleven  thousand  strong  and  having 
twenty-eight  pieces  of  artillery,  moved  forward  to  a 
point  near  the  village  of  Kernstown,  something  more 
than  four  miles  south  of  Winchester,  where  at  about 
eleven  o'clock  a.m.  they  attacked  Gen.  Shields'  ad- 
vance brigade,  which  retired  in  good  order  towards 
the  main  body.  The  Eighty-fourth  stood  in  line 
supporting  a  battery.  The  enemy  moved  up  rapidly 
with  infantry  and  artillery,  advancing  through  a 
piece  of  woods  on  the  right.  The  Eighty-fourth 
being  ordered  to  charge  moved  quickly  forward  from 
the  high  land  on  the  Kernstown  road  across  open 
ground  and  entirely  without  cover  to  the  place  where 
the  enemy  held  a  strong  position  behind  a  stone  wall 
and  partially  covered  by  woods.  From  this  position 
a  most  destructive  fire  was  poured  in  at  close  range 
upon  the  advancing  column,  but  the  Eighty-fourth 
moved  forward  unflinchingly  through  the  leaden 
storm.  Col.  Murray's  horse  was  wounded  under  him, 
and  he  dismounted  and  marched  on  foot  at  the  head 
(if  his  mm,  Init  a  lew  minutes  later  he  fell  with  a 
riili-liall  ill  his  brain.  ,\rtcr  the  loss  of  Col.  Murray 
the   n-LiiiiH'Mt    |Kirti:illv   L'avt-  uuv    iiiid    frll    into  some 



disorder,  but  rallied  under  command  of  Capt.  George 
Zinn  and  held  its  ground.  The  enemy  was  forced 
from  his  position,  and  finally  retreated  in  disorder. 

Gen.  Shields,  in  his  otHcial  report  of  this  battle, 
said  that  the  Confederate  forces,  though  strongly 
posted  behind  a  high  and  solid  stone  wall  situated  on 
an  elevated  ground,  "were  forced  back  through  the 
woods  by  a  fire  as  destructive  as  ever  fell  upon  a  re- 
treating foe.  Jackson,  with  his  supposed  invincible 
'  Stonewall  Brigade'  and  the  accompanying  brigades, 
much  to  their  mortification  and  discomfiture,  were 
compelled  to  fall  back  in  disorder  upon  their  reserve. 
There  they  took  up  a  position  for  a  final  stand,  and 
made  an  attempt  for  a  few  minutes  to  retrieve  the 
fortunes  of  the  day,  but  again  there  rained  down 
upon  them  the  same  close  and  destructive  fire.  A 
few  minutes  only  did  they  stand  up  against  it,  when 
they  turned  dismayed  and  fled  in  disorder,  leaving  us 
in  jiossession  of  the  field,  their  killed  and  wounded, 
three  hundred  prisoners,  two  guns,  four  caissons,  and 
a  thousand  staml  of  small-arms.     Night  alone  saved 

Tlie  Ei-hty-f  .urth,  which  went  into  tlie  battle  with 
only  about  two  hundred  and  sixty  fighting  men,  U)st 
ninety  in  killed  and  wounded.  "Among  the  killed" 
Wen-  Lirut.  Charles  Reim,  of  A  company;  Capt. 
Gallaher,  of  E  company  ;  and  (as  already  mentioned) 
the  commanding  officer  of  the  regiment,  Col.  Mur- 
ray, of  whose  life,  services,  and  deatli  the  following 
sketch  is  fnun.l  in  '■Martial  l).;;h  ofl'mnsylvania,'' 

William  Ghay  :\rL-i:i:AY,  culonel  of  tti.'  Ei-hly- 
fourth  Regiment,  was  born  on  the  2".th  day  ,.f  .lulv, 
1825,  in  the  town  of  Langf  .rd,  Ireland,  lie  wa<  tlie 
eldest  son  of  John  and  Sarah  iGr.iy;  Murray.  When 
but  nine  months  old  his  parents  with  their  children 
emigrated  to  New  Y'ork,  where  the  father  engaged  in 
busines.;.  He  soon  after  removed  to  the  interior  of 
the  State,  and  subsequently  to  Lancaster,  and  then  to 
Harri>liurg,  Pa.,  engaging  in  active  business,  and  died 
in  1S44. 

The  SUM,  William  Gray.lieiuL'  intended  f,r  mercan- 
tile life,  recrived  agou,!  edur;iti.m  in  branches 
bestcaleulate<l  to  brii^elhl  to  him.  (In  K-aviiiL:  ,-eliool 
he  entered  his  father's  >tore,  but,  that  he  might  have 
the  best  advantages  whieli  .-oul.!  be  allord.Ml,  he  was 
placed  in  a  large  mercantile  liou-e  in  the  city  <<(  New 
York,  where  he  remained  until  the  spring  of  is tri. 
On  coming  to  his  majority  in  the  Inllowing  year  he 
had  perfected  arrangements  for  enti-ring  bii-inis-  .m 
his  own  account,  wlien  the  Mexican  war  <.,it 
and  he  volunteered  as  a  private  in  the  Cameinn 
Guard-,  II. ■  was  niadr  a  srrL'caut,  and  while  -rrving 
in  that  eaparity  :it  V,-ra  ( 'rnz  was  :i|. pointed  a  s,M-on,l 
lirnt.'Maiit  in  (he  Kiev. ■nth  Tnile.!  Stat.-  InCautrv  bv 
I'r.-i.l.ait  I'.ilk  and  .served  with  .li-t  in.-tiou  thr.'.nuh 
th:(t  war,  ami  ui^n  returning  to  pri vat.-  liti-  -.lih.i  in 
H.,lli.laysburg.  He  was  ener,-etii'  in  bu,in.-s.  a-  h.. 
ha.l  been  in  the  arniv,  an. I  b.,r,'  a  part  in 

the  political  struggles  of  the  time.  In  1851  he  was 
married  to  Miss  Elizabeth  Dougherty,  by  whom  he 
had  three  children,  two  of  whom  survive  him.  In 
1852  he  was  appointed  postmaster  of  Hollidaysburg 
by  President  Pierce,  and  reappointed  by  President 

At  the  outbreak  of  the  Rebelliou  he  took  strong 
grounds  with  the  Union  side  and  avowed  his  inten- 
tion of  entering  the  army.  A  captain's  commission 
in  the  regular  service  was  tendered  him,  but  his  wife 
being  in  the  last  stages  of  consumption  he  declined 
it.  Having  had  much  experience  in  recruiting  and 
organizing  troops  his  counsel  was  sought,  and  his 
.services  were  invaluable  in  enlisting  and  pushing 
forward  recruits  for  the  volunteer  force.  His  wife 
died  in  August,  18G1.  A  short  time  afterwards  he 
received  authority  from  Governor  Curtin  to  recruit  a 
regiment  of  infantry,  and,  obedient  to  the  promptings 
of  duty,  he  at  once  .set  about  the  work. 

On  the  19th  of  December,  ISGl,  his  regiment,  the 
Eightj'-fourth,  marched  from  camp  and  was  drawn 
up  before  the  capitol  to  receive  its  flag.  Governor 
Curtin,  in  presenting  it,  referred  to  Col.  Murray  as  a 
tried  soldier,  and  to  the  men  as  actuated  by  the  purest 
anil  loftiest  patriotism,  leaving  wives,  mothers,  and 
children,  and  the  endearments  of  home  to  maintain 
the  laws  and  the  Constitution  with  the  sword.  In  Col.  Murray  said,  "' I  accept  this  beautiful 
standard,  presented  by  the  Legislature  of  the-  Key- 
stone State  through  you,  its  honored  chief  magistrate, 
in  such  glowing  and  eloquent  terms.  As  the  period 
lor  speech-making  has  passed  and  the  hour  for  ener- 
getic action  has  arrived,  my  remarks  on  this  occasion 
shall  be  brief,  as  becomes  a  soldier.  In  accepting 
tills  flag  on  behalf  of  the  regiment,  I  do  it  with  the 
full  consciousness  of  the  relations  whicli  both  oflicers 
and  men  bear  to  our  noble  State  and  the  nation  wdiose 
cause  we  have  espoused.  Permit  me  to  thank  you, 
sir,  for  the  terms  of  comin.'H.latioii  in  which  you 
have  been  ])leased  to  speak  of  tlu'  Eiglity-f.mrth  and 
of  my  humble  self,  and  to  assure  you  that,  whatever 
our  fate  may  be  in  the  future,  we  will  endeavor,  by 
go.)il  con.luct  and  a  strict  discharge  of  our  duties,  to 
make  su.h  a  record  as  will  bring  no  dishonor  upon 
the  'Star--  an.l  Stripes'  which  we  go  to  maintain  aud 
.letiml,  or  th.'  pr.iu.l  Commonwealth  whose  sons  we 
.leeiii  it  an  t.i  call  ourselves. 

a.'tiv.'  eam]>aigningof  the  regiment  eomnienced 
'  1st  of  .laiiiiary.  lS(i2,  when  it  was  led  by  Col. 
IV  t.,  r,atli,Va.,to  the  relief  of  the  Thirty-ninth 
s  au.l  a  siition  of  artillery,  commanded  by 
.Muhlenberg,  er.issinir  the  Potomac  at  Hancock, 



Md.  The  opposing  force  greatly  outnumbered  them, 
being  estimated  at  from  sixteen  to  twenty  tluuisaml 
men.  After  twenty-four  hours  of  irreguhir  skirmish- 
ing, tlie  Union  force  succeeded  in  withdrawing  across 
the  river  and  bringing  olT  the  guns. 

In  the  battle  of  Winchester,  Va.,  the  Eighty-fourth, 
which  from  the  hard  service  to  which  it  had  been  sub- 
jected had  been  reduced  to  barely  three  hundred  men, 
was  selected  to  lead  in  the  assault  upon  the  enemy's 
batteries,  which  were  securely  posted  and  were  par- 
ticularly destructive.  The  ground  was  open  which 
they  had  to  cross,  and  repeated  charges  were  made, 
which  Col.  Murray  led  with  great  gallantry,  officers 
and  men  falling  on  every  side,  strewing  the  ground 
with  the  dead  and  the  dying.  In  the  midst  of  the 
struggle  his  horse  was  shot  under  him.  Extricating 
himself,  he  renewed  the  charge  on  foot.  A  little  later 
his  cap-cover  was  shot  from  his  head.  The  carnage 
was  now  terrible,  the  enemy  screening  themselves  be- 
hind astone  wall  and  a  curtain  of  wood.  But,  nothing 
daunted.  Col.  Murray  led  on  Ids  regiment,  and  just  as 
it  was  entering  the  grove  which  crowned  the  summit, 
while  rushing  on,  with  sword  in  hand,  and  exclaim- 
ing, "  Charge,  boys !  charge !"  he  was  struck  by  a  rifle- 
ball,  which,  crasliing  through  the  bugle  of  his  cap, 
carrying  away  the  figures  "84"  with  it,  passed  through 
his  brain,  tearing  away  the  top  of  his  skull.  But 
though  ftillen,  his  heroism  was  not  without  its  reward, 
for  the  stronghold  in  carrying  which  he  had  sacrificed 
his  life  was  taken  and  the  victory  gained.  His  body 
was  received  in  Harrisburgwith  imposing  ceremonies, 
the  Governor,  heads  of  departments,  the  two  bouses 
of  the  Legislature,  and  military  and  civic  societies 
moving  in  the  sad  procession.  The  body  lay  in  state 
at  the  residence  of  his  mother,  and  was  viewed  by 
great  numbers.  From  the  capital  it  was  taken  to 
Hollidaysburg,  where  even  more  universal  sorrow  was 
manifested  and  tokens  of  respect  were  shown.  At  the 
residence  of  his  father-in-law,  John  Dougherty,  Esq., 
thousands  of  sorrowing  friends  and  relatives  gathered, 
eager  to  take  a  last  look  at  the  fallen  soldier.  At  St. 
Mary's  Church  high  mass  was  celebrated,  and  a  most 
touching  and  eloquent  discourse  was  delivered  over 
the  remains  by  the  Rev.  John  Walsh.  He  was  finally 
laid  to  rest  beside  his  wife,  whom  he  had  but  a  few 
months  before  followed  to  the  grave. 

Col.  Murray  was  a  man  of  large,  active  benevolence, 
warm  and  ardent  in  his  impulses,  though  singularly 
calm  and  equable,  and  energetic  and  untiring  in  the 
patli  of  duty.  In  person  he  was  six  feet  in  height, 
with  a  largo  and  muscular  frame.  He  was  of  light 
complexion,  brcjwn  hair,  eyes  of  a  bright  gray  and 
expressive,  features  prominent,  movements  quick,  and 
to  courage  of  the  highest  order  was  united  a  strong 
sense  of  religious  responsibility.  i 

On  the  25th  of  March  the  Eighty-fourth  left  its 
camp  south  of  Winchester  and  moved  ten  miles  to  the 
little  village  of  Berryville,  Va.,  and  remained  there 
as  provost-guard  of  the  town  until  the  2d  of  May, 

when  it  moved  up  the  valley,  passing  through  Front 
Royal,  and  crossing  the  Blue  Ridge  marched  eastward 
to  tlie  Rappahannock,  and  down  the  valley  of  that 
stream  to  Fredericksburg,  where  it  became  a  part  of 
the  Fourth  Brigade  of  Shields'  division  of  McDowell's 
(First)  corps.  Soon  afterwards,  however,  it  was  or- 
dered back  to  the  Shenandoah  Valley  to  the  support 
of  Gens.  Banks  and  Fremont.  It  arrived  at  Front 
Royal  May  30th.  From  that  place  it  moved  to  Port 
Republic,  reaching  there  June  8th,  and  on  the  9th 
took  part  in  a  severe  engagement  wdth  the  enemy,  the 
Fourth  Brigade  being  in  the  advance.  The  Confed- 
erates in  strong  force  made  a  desperate  and  partially 
successful  effort  to  turn  the  Union  left  and  come  in 
on  its  rear,  when  the  Third  Brigade  came  up  to  the 
aid  of  the  Fourth,  checked  the  enemy's  advance,  and 
he  was  driven  a  short  distance,  but  being  again 
heavily  reinforced  at  that  point,  the  Eighty-fourth 
and  other  regiments  composing  the  Union  force  were 
compelled  to  retreat,  but  did  so  steadily  and  in  good 
order,  though  with  quite  heavy  loss.  The  enemy 
closely  followed  up  his  advantage,  and  pursued  the 
Third  and  Fourth  Brigades  until  they  reached  the 
place  where  the  First  and  Second  Brigades  stood 
tirmly  in  line.  There  the  retreat  was  stayed  and  the 
battle  ended,  the  Confederates  giving  up  the  pursuit 
and  retiring  from  the  field,  and  the  Union  forces  soon 
after  falling  back  to  Port  Republic. 

From  Port  Republic  the  Eighty-fourth  again  moved 
eastward  to  the  vicinity  of  Alexandria,  Va.,  and  went 
into  camp  at  Cloud's  Mills,  where  Col.  Samuel  M. 
Bowman  became  its  commanding  officer,  and  where 
the  regiment,  with  the  Third  and  Fourth  Brigades, 
remained  until  the  early  part  of  July,  when  it  again 
took  the  field  with  the  army  of  Gen.  John  Pope,  it 
being  then  a  part  of  Ricketts'  division  of  McDowell's 
corps.  Moving  to  the  vicinity  of  Warrenton,  Va.,  it 
remained  there  till  the  last  part  of  the  month,  then 
moved  towards  Culpeper  Court-House,  near  which 
place  the  battle  of  Cedar  Mountain  was  InUL'ht  on  ilie 
9tli  of  August. 

On  the  14th  of  August,  Gen.  Pope  advanced  to  the 
Rapidan,  and  remained  on  that  line  a  lew  days,  then 
commenced  falling  back  towards  Washington,  the 
enemy  pursuing  and  constantly  threatening  his  right 
and  rear.  On  the  28th,  at  Thoroughfare  Gap,  Rick- 
etts' division  (which  included  the  Eighty-fourth) 
fought  the  entire  Confederate  corps  of  Gen.  Long- 
street,  who  was  attempting  to  force  the  pass  and  join 
"Stonewall"  Jackson's  forces  at  Manassas  Junction. 
The  division  fought  until  night,  then  fell  back  to  Bull 
Run,  where  the  Eighty-fourth,  with  its  brigaile,  fought 
all  day  in  the  disastrous  conflict  of  the  oOih,  known 
as  the  Second  Bull  Run  battle.  Th.-  jioMtiou  of  the 
brigade  was  first  on  the  right  and  altirwards  on  the 
left  of  the  line.  It  was  very  heavily  engaged  during 
the  afternoon,  and  remained  on  the  field  until  after 
dark,  at  ndiich  time  it  occupied  an  extremely  exposed 
iiositioii   far  in  advance  of  the  other  troops,  and  was 



in  imniiiionf  ilaiifier  of  being  i-ut  ofT  by  a  Confederate 
division,  liut  finally  succeeded,  though  with  great 
difficulty,  in  withdrawing  from  the  field  and  cros:iing 
Bull  Run  in  safety.  The  Eighty-fourth  moved  that 
night  to  Centreville,  and  from  there  on  the  following 
day  to  the  defenses  of  Washins'ton. 

During  the  succeeding  (-iniiiai^'ii  of'  Soiitli  Moun- 
tain and  Antietam  the  rcL'inunt  and  its  brigade  'then 
forming  a  part  of  Gen.  Whipple's  division)  remained 
at  Arlington,  where  the  strength  of  the  Eighty-fourth 
(which  after  the  battle  of  August  30th  had  been  re- 
duced to  less  than  eighty  men)  was  largely  increased 
liy  accessions  of  recruits  and  the  return  of  conva- 
lescents. In  October  it  joined  the  Army  of  the  Po- 
tomac, being  made  a  part  of  Gen.  Franklin's  grand 
division,  with  which  it  took  gallant  part  in  the  great 
!)attle  of  Fredericksburg,  losing  heavily  in  killed  and 
wounded,  and  receiving  complimentary  mention  for 
its  bravery  and  steadiness  from  Gen.  Carroll  in  his 
official  report  of  the  operations  of  the  12th  and  13th 
of  December. 

After  the  battle  of  Fredericksburg  the  Eighty- 
fourth  with  its  brigade  recrossed  the  Rappahannock 
and  returned  to  camp  at  Stoneman's  Switch,  where 
(excepting  a  few  days  spent  on  Gen.  Buruside's 
famous  but  fruitless  "Mud  March"  in  January)  it 
remained  during  the  winter  of  18(52-03.  On  the 
opening  of  the  spring  campaign  the  regiment  moved 
with  the  army  across  the  Rappahannock  and  marched 
to  Chancellorsville,  where  it  was  hotly  engaged  in  the 
great  battle  at  tiiat  place  on  the  2<1  and  3d  of  May, 
and  remained  under  a  licavv  fire  during  the  conflict 
(,f  the  4th. 

'I'lie  division  of  whi.'li  the  Eighty-fourth  was  a 
jiart  liaving  been  greatly  reduced  in  numbers  by  the 
casualties  of  the  campaign  of  Chancellorsville,  and 
its  commander  (Gen.  Whipple)  having  been  killed 
in  the  battle,  was  disintegrated  and  its  regiments 
us^iuiie.l  lo  other  commands,  the  Eighty-fourth  being 
plaeeil  ill  I 'air's  lirigadc.  in   the  Second  Corps.     The 


■issed  the  Poto- 
mainderof  the 
Heights,  ,Iulv 

d  241 

Kelly's  Ford,  Xovemlu-r  7th;  at  Lc-ust  Crove 
Church,  November  28th;  at  Mine  Run,  November 
30th,  and  in  several  minor  engagements,  luit  -nUer- 
ingonlya  li-ht  in  killed  and  wounded.  Alter 
the  f\i,-r  of  iIh'  Mine  Knn  campaign  the  regiment 
went  into  wiiilerM|iiarteis  „,.ar  lirandy  Station,  Va., 
where  a  large  number  of  its  men  re-enlisted  for  the 
war  and  received  the  usiuil  "  veteran  furlough." 

On  the  opening  of  the  spring  campaign  of  ISiU 
the  Eighty-fourth   moved  with   the  army  across  the 

4th  of  May  and  entering  the  "S'irginia  Wilderness, 
where  it  was  actively  engaged  in  the  battles  of  the 
5th  and  6th,  suffering  in  the  latter  a  heavy  loss, 
among  which  was  that  of  Lieut.-Col.  Opp  mortally 
wounded.  Again  on  the  10th  it  was  engaged-  at  Pa- 
munkey  River,  and  on  the  12th  joined  in  the  most 
desperate  charge  which  was  made  in  the  Wilderness 
campaign,  the  assault  on  the  strong  works  of  the 
enemy  at  Spottsylvania  Court-House.  In  the  battle 
and  victory  of  that  day  the  Eighty-fourth  took  a 
prominent  part,  and  gave  active  assistance  in  the 
capture  of  a  large  number  of  Confederate  prisoners. 
From  the  14th  to  the  23d  it  was  constantly  on  the 
march  or  in  line  of  battle  under  fire.  On  the  23d  it 
fought  at  North  Anna  River,  charging  and  carrying 
the  enemy's  works.  On  the  30th  it  was  all  day  under 
fire  in  the  battle  at  Tolopotomy,  On  the  31st  it 
fought  at  Pleasant  Hill,  and  again  at  the  same  place 
on  the  1st  of  June,  when  Lieut.  Nixon,  of  I  company, 
was  among  the  wounded. 

From  Cold  Harbor  the  army  crossed  the  Chicka- 
hominy  and  marched  towards  the  southeast,  having 
Petersburg  for  its  objective-point.  The  Eighty-fourth 
with  its  brigade  crossed  the  James  River  on  the  14th 
of  June,  and  on  the  ItJth  took  part  in  a  general  as- 
sault on  the  bristling  lines  of  the  enemy  in  front  of 
Petersburg.  The  Second  Corps  renewed  the  attack 
on  the  17th,  and  forced  the  enemy  to  yield  some  of 
his  outer  works.  On  the  27th  of  July  the  regiment 
fought  at  Deep  Bottom,  and  again  at  the  same  [ilace, 
and  near  Charles  City  Cross-Roads,  on  the  14th  of 
August.  On  the  1st  of  October  it  took  part  in  an 
assault  on  the  Confederate  lines,  in  which  aetion  it 
was  repulsed  with  severe  loss,  Lieut,  t'ol.  /inn  being 
among  the  seriouslj'  wounded.  During  the  month  of 
December,  18G4,  the  men  originally  enlisted  in  the 
Eighty-fourth  were  mustered  out  of  service,  exce|)t- 
ing  those  who  had  re-enlisted  as  veterans,  who  with 
the  recruits  of  the  regiment  were  organized  into  a 
battalion  of  four  com|)anies.  This  battalion  fought 
at  Weldon  Railroad  October  27th,  and  again  at  the 
same  place  on  the  9th  of  December.  On  the  13th  of 
January,  1865,  the  battalion  was  consolidated  with 
the  Fifty-seventh  Pennsylvania  Regiment  under  Col. 
Zinn,  previously  lieutenant-colonel  of  the  Eighty- 
fourth,  The  Fifty-seventh  was  mustered  out  of  ser- 
vice on  the  29th  of  June,  1865,  having  served  honor- 
ably through  the  campaign  wdiich  was  ended  by  the 
surrender  of  the  Confederate  army  by  Gen.  Lee  at 
Appomattox  Court-House. 

Following  is  a  list  of  ofheers  and  men  of  the  four 
comiJanies  which  were  entirely  or  partially  raised  in 
Blair  County,  viz.: 


(Company  A  mnstered  out  Dec.  12, 1SG4.) 
l">rt  L,  norrell,  res,  July  24,  1862. 
iiathiin  Dltiio,  pro.  from  Isl  licut.  July  24,  1SC2 ;  res.  Oct.  15, 


Sergt.  Jamea  G.  Shannon,  disci 
Sergt.  Joseph  Delehunt,  pro.  t 

15, 1862. 
Sergt.  Joseph  W.  Dougherty,  pro.  to  2d  lieut.  Oct,  15, 1862;  to  1st  lieut. 

Feb.  2.5,  1SC3;  vet.  Jan.  1, 1804. 
Sergt.  SinieoTi  B.  Burr,  trans,  to  Invalid  Corps  Ang.  15,  1863. 
Corp.  JiiniPS  Barr,  trans,  to  Invalid  Corps  Oct.  1,  18G3. 

Lanibright,  prisoner  at  Chiincellursville  May  3, 1803. 

Albert.  Fr.mcis,  prisoner  Oct.  13,  ISC,.;. 

Bunker,  Henry  L.,  niM<t.  in  Dec.  "■,  18lil ;  wounded  at  Tolopotoniy  May 

31,  ISM;  .int  with  comjiany  Dec.  12,  1SG4. 
Bowers,  ('..nicliiiB  H  ,  «o„ii.Mrl  at  Winchester,  Va.,  March  23,  1862. 
Benton,  Hivi!  II  ,  ti  in^   l,i  Invalid  Corps  Aug.  15,1803. 
BuUers.  \\ii;i  mi  II  ,  'li  rh    JIarch  29,  1803. 
Burk,  Sai„u..l,,lh,l    F,.|,   Ji.  1S63. 
Beamendorler,  Cyrus  W  ,  vet.  Jan.  1,  1864. 
Carl,  Anthony,  killed  at  Port  Republic. 
Cruse  (add),  disch.  Feb.  U,  1863. 
Case,  Renl..-n.  dis.  h.  Nov.  :VJ.  1SG2. 
Cruse,  I..  iM,      i;.  i ',  :    i   ,  i-i.:     |,r)-t  ..ut  with  company. 

DannaN.  \^  n  -  ,  m  ,   i  ,    i  .   .iiiiiany. 

Davis,  \Vi;h  ,1,1   \,« ;- 1  ,ii  W  11. I,, •ater,Va.,  March  23,  1862;  disch. 

Evans.  Frank,  must,  out  with  company. 
Fether,  .lo.siah,  discb.  Jan,  24,  1802, 
Frank,  A,laTn.  disch.  July  11,  1862. 
Try,  Michael,  disch.  Oct.  6, 1862. 
Ferry,  Joseph,  must,  out  with  company. 
Gern,  Charb'S,  dis,-h.  Sept.  24,  1S62. 
Garrison,  Tli    nn=   ii,  Ht    .iit  with  company. 


T,  Va,,  March  23, 1862 ;  • 

Grimes,  Jacob,  disch,  Nov.  3, 1862. 

Halpin,  James,  disch,  Aug.  15, 1862. 

Harbaugh,  .lason,  must,  out  with  company. 

Hemler,  Joseph,  must,  out  with  company. 

Hileman,  William  K.,  sergt.  May  3,  1803  ;  must,  out  with  compan, 

Hertzler,  Abraham,  wounded  at  Winchester,  Va.,  March  23, 1862 ; 

to  Invalid  Corps. 
James,  Jesse  T.,  died  Sept.  23, 1863, 
Kripple,  John  A  ,  disch.  Feb.  13, 1863. 
Lane,  David  M,,  must,  out  with  company. 

Lowe,  William  H.,  prisoner  at  Port  Republic;  disch.  Oct.  2,  1863. 
Lewis,  John  I. 
Murray,  Jacob,  disch. 
Manghenner,  Sol.  D., 
Mock,  Josi.Ui  D.,  disch 
Mussaveus,  George,  trans,  to 
McGlue,  William,  wounded 

4,  1802. 

out  with  company. 
0,  1862. 
Invalid  Corps  Aug.  15,  1803. 

Fredericksburg   Dec.  13,  1862 

Wear,  Emanuel,  disch.  Dec.  10,  1862. 
Widensall,  Jacob,  aergt.  Aug.  15, 1803  ; 
Wighaman,  John,  appointed  principal  ii 

Jan.  12, 1865. 
Wilson,  Henry  K..  pri 

Aug.  15, 1863;  niu 
Wilie,  William. 

Wise,  Jacob,  wounded  at  second  Bull  Run  ;  disch.  Dec.  27, 
White,  Silas,  wounded  at  Winchester,  Va.,  March  23,  1802. 
White,  Edward,  disch.  Feb.  13,  1803, 
Young,  Charles,  trans,  to  Co.  F. 
Zimmerman,  John,  disch.  Oct.  14,  1862. 
Zimmerman,  Wdliam,  must,  out  with  company. 
Company   C, 
(Date  of  muster  in  Sept.  10,  1802, 
Capt.  Abram  J.  Crissman,  must,  in  Sept.  5 
Capt.  B.  M.  Morron,  must,  in  Sept.  5, 1801 

ept  where  noted.) 
51  ;  res.  July  15,  1802, 
ro,  from  Ist  lieut.  July  ] 

Capt.  William  Logan,  disch.  Aug.  28,  1803. 

Capt.  James  J.  Wirsing,  must,  in  Sept.  10, 1861 ;  pio,  from  2d  to  1st  lieut. 

Jan.  12, 1803;  wounded  at  Chancellorsville,  Va,,  May  3, 1863;  pro. 

to  capt.  Nov.  16,  1863 ;  disch.  Jan.  3,  1865. 
First  Lieut.  Archibald  Douglass,  must,  in  Sept.  16,  1801 ;  rea.  Jan,  11, 

First  Lieut,  Charles  Mummey,  must,  in  Dec.  4, 1861  ;  captured  at  Chancel- 
lorsville, Va.,  May  3,  1863;  pro.  from  Ist  sergt.  Dec.  11,  1803  ;  disch. 

March  24,  1864, 
Sei-on.l  Lleot.  Cliarlcs  O'Neil,  must,  in  Dec.  18,  1861 ;  res.  April  30,  1862. 
8,-c„ii,l  Lit^iit.  William  M.  Gwinn,  must,  in  Dec.  5, 1861 ;  pro.  from  sergt.- 

uiaj.  April  23,  1862;  res.  Sept.  19, 1862. 
Second  Lieut.  William  Hays,  pro,  from  1st  sergt,  Jan.  13, 1803 ;  wounded 

and  captured  at  Chancelloraville,  Va.,  May  3, 1S63  ;  disch.  Aug.  27, 

Second  Lieut.  Joseph  McMaster,  pro.  to  2d  lieut.  July  21,  1804;  disch. 


,  K,jbert  R.  Roberts. 

Sergt.  Matthew  Campbell. 
Si-rgt.  Charles  JlcCluoe.  Sergt.  Harrison  Hines. 

Corp,  Eli  Juhnston,  trans,  to  Co.  H,  57th  Regt.  P.  V.,  Jan.  13,  1865 
Corp.  John  Felgar. 

Corp.  John  Stum,  wounded  at  Chancellorsville,  Va.,  May  3,  1863, 
Corp.  Jeremiah  Wirsing. 
Corp.  Joseph  Hood. 

Corp.  Moses  Clark,  captured  at  Chancelloraville,  Va.,  May  3, 1803  ; 
to  Co.  H,  57th  Regt.  P.  V.,  Jan.  13,  1805. 

Musician  Austin  Ringlei 
Musician  John  Cramer, 
Aukney,  Norman,  trans, 

McD,.i,,-,L'     J     ,  ,   I      I    .,,. 

Mclnti,,,  i::,,  '  ■'■.\'    1  ■  I.   J".,  1SIJ3. 

McGrain,  .b.lin,  litll,-d  ut  Locust  Grove,  Va. 

McCarly,  Morrison,  1st  lieut,  Oct,  15,  1802;  res.  Feb.  25,  1863. 

More,  Joseph  H.,  1st  aergt.  Oct.  15,  1802 :  vet. 

Mason,  Robert  L.,  killed  at  Winche.ster,  Va. 

Peterson,  William  A.,  wounded  .at  Chancellorsville;    trans,  t, 


, John  A. 



Piper,  Thomas  F,,  disch.  Aug.  26,  1862. 
Piper,  Silas  W,,  1st  aergt.  Nov.  1, 1862 ;  2d  liei 

Willi  comp.any. 
Pickel,  Lewis,  must,  out  with  company. 
Pickel,  Robert,  must,  out  with  company. 
Pickel,  Henry,  must,  out  with  company. 
Koseleab,  William,  must,  out  with  company. 
Smith,  John  B.,  wounded  at  Cedar  Mountain 
Spade,  George,  disch.  Dec.  30,  1802. 
Scott,  I)avi,l,  disch.  Nov.  lU,  1862. 
Thompson,  Thomas,  disch.  Oct.  20, 1862, 
Trainer,  John,  Jan,  1,  1864;  vet. 
Teeters,  John,  wounded  at  Bull  Bun  Aug.  I 

Akers,  William  C,  must,  in  Dec,  ,".,  1S61;  died;  buried  in  Wild 

Brougher,  Aaron. 

Binkey,  Jacob,  wounded  at  Chancellorsville,  Va ,  May  3,  1863. 
B,ildwin,  Josiah,  trans,  to  Co.  H,  57tli  Regt.  P.  V.,  Jan.  13,  1805. 
Barron,  Jacob  D.,  wounded  at  Chancelloraville,  Va.,  May  3,  I8C3  ; 

to  Co.  H,  57th  Regt.  P.  V.,  .Ian.  13,  1865. 
Bechtel,  John. 

Bollard.  Owen,  died  at  Hancock,  Md.,  Jan.  6,  1802. 
]!,. liner,  Henry  W.,  must,  iu  Oct.  24,  1.861 ;  trans,  to  Co.  A  ;  vet. 
l!lunu,„ler,  William.  Bair,  John. 

lJ,,os,',  Isaac.  Bowels,  C,  D. 

Beissert,  Herman,  captured  at  Cliancellorsvill,-,  Va.,  May  3,  1803. 
Berkstresser,  John. 
Berry,  John. 

1802 ;  disch.  Ma 


Murlln'iiy,  Jmiiii-s,  must,  in  Sept,  111,  1SC2. 

Muody,  Mal-shall,  must,  in  Sept.  16, 18G2;  killed  at  C'liau 

SI.vj-  \  I  SOS. 
Mickey,  Julm  S.,  must,  iu  Sept.  16, 1862. 
M.illiews,  Julin,  must,  in  Sept.  15.  I'^O-J;  died  Dec.  23, 

Jlilitiiry  Asylum  Cemetery,  I).  C. 
Miirpliy,  Jclin. 
Mi.son.  r.obert. 

Camerer,  Join 

Jan.  13,  l: 

Carr.ill,  Thoni 

i  received  at  Wi 

t  Ilavidsbi.rE,  Pa. 
Sept.  16,  1S62;  trans,  tu  Co.  II.  j"tli  Reg 

Fry.  Mil  h.ael.  Sr..  must,  in  Sept.  16,  1.S62. 
Frj-,  Jlichael,  Jr.,  must,  in  Sept.  IC,  1802. 
Freeman.  (Jenrge  S.,  innst.  in  Sept.  16,  1S6 

Va.,  May  :i.  1S63. 
Flegal,  SnmnierfieW. 
Geisy,  Jolin,  must,  in  Sept.  10,  lsr,2;  trni. 

Jan.  i:i,  1S65. 

Co.  II.  67th  Kegt.  P.  V.. 

P.  v..  Jau.  13,  1S05  ; 

P.  v.,  Jan.  13,  lS6o. 
McGraw,  Jolin. 
MeCy,  Patrick. 
McCartney,  Morr'u. 

ncliester.  V;i.,  March  23,  1SG2. 
Dec,  1S61  ;  trans,  to  Co.  A. 
n  Aug.22,lSG2;  trans,  to  Co.  H,  67tli  Regt. 

os.toCo.H,.'j7thRegt.P.  v., 

,  must,  in  Sej)!.  16, 

July  : 

et.  Res.  Corps;  disch. 
n,  o7th   Regt.  P.  V„ 

llarnian,  Eli,  must,  iu  Sept.  16, 1S02;  tr 

Jan. 13, 180S. 
Hays,  George,  must,  in  Sept.  16,  1862;  killed  at  Chancellorsville,  Va., 

May  3,  1803. 
Hays,  Clement  H.,  must,  in  Sejit.  16,  1S02. 
HolTer,  Jeremiah,  must,  in  S^-pt.  10,  1SG2. 

Ilofler,  George,  must,  in  Sept.  10,  1802;  trans,  to  Co.  II,  .57th  Regt.  P. 

v.,  Jan.  13, 1865. 
Hoffer,  Samuel,  must,  in  Sept,  10,  1S62 ;  trans,  to  Co.  H,  .'.7lh  Regt.  P, 

v.,  Jan.  13,  1505. 
Ilileman,  William  C,  must,  in  ISCl  ;  died  of  wounds  received  at  Win- 

I-,  Va 

,  1862. 

I'm  kri,  II, ■!,;/,  ^t    in  Oct.  24,  1801;  trans,  to  Co.  A  ;  vet. 

Queer,  William,  must,  in  Sept.  16,  1802;  trans,  to  Co.  H.  57th  Regt.  P. 

v.,  Jan.  13,  1805. 
Reese,  George  B.,  must,  in  Sept.  10.  1802. 
Roadman,  Perry  H.,  must,  iu  Sept.  10.  1862. 
Richards.  Thomas,  must,  in  Sept.  10,  1862  ;  trans,  to  Co,  H,  57th  Regt.  P. 

idkey,  Wi 

Rick,  Felix. 

li  iiry  II.,  must,  in  Sept.  16, 1862;  captured  at  Chancellorsvilli 
."Hay  3,  1863  ;  trans,  to  Co.  H,  ,57th  Regt.  P.  V.,  Jan.  13,  1863. 
:,Miry.  must,  in  Sept.  10.  1802;  died  July  20. 1863  ;  buried  in  Mil 

to  Co.  II.  57th  R.-st.  P, 
Vet.  Res,  Corps;  disch. 

e-t    P,  v..  Jan.  13,  1865. 

ust.  in  Dec.  5, 

unded  at  Chn 

Wimer,  William  R. 

Wingale.  J.  Ritiisell,  must,  in  Dec.  24,  1801  ;  trans,  to  Co,  D. 

Ytiung,  Martin,  disch,  for  \vounds  received  in  action. 

Co,  II.  67tli  Regt,  P,  V„ 
[  Dec,  9,  lsi;2;  buried  in 


1  Sept,  5,  1801  ;  pro,  from  1st  lient.  March 


(  It  \i 

I  p  o  f  om  serfct  to  1st 
m  to  1  t  1  e  t  Aug  2, 
captur  d  May  3  1863; 

Ford,  Patrick,  must,  in  1801. 

Fry,  John  C,  must,  iu  Duo.  5,  ISOl ;  trans,  to  Co.  H,  67th  Regt.  P.  V., 

Jan.  13,  1S65. 
Flancgan,  George  A.,  must,  in  April  8,  1804;  captured;  died  at  Salis. 

;  Dec   6  1864.       Gall: 


March  18  186 
d  captured  at  CI  an- 
1  18f4  exp  rat  o    of 

11    s    11     V      M  y  J  1604    n    st  oi 

1st  Se  gt  Darsey  B  H     ck  n    st    n  1801    p  o  from  ser^t  Marcl    23, 

'!e  ot  II       J  W  Moyer  n  ust    n  1  01 

Gates,  Jeremiah,  must,  in  ixn  ;  killed  at  Winchester,  Va.,  March  23, 

Gates,  F.  N.,  must,  in  1801. 
Gates,  William  H.,  must,  in  1801. 

Glass,  John,  must,  in  March  30, 1864;  died  at  Carlisle,  Pa.,  April  7,  1804. 
Hancufl,  Thomas  W.,  must,  in  1861 ;  killed  at  Winchester,  Va,,  March 

23,  1862. 
Harkins,  Patrick  P„  must,  in  1801. 
Hurley,  William,  must,  in  April  5, 1804;  trans,  to  Co.  I,  57[h  Regt.  P.V., 

Se  t,t   II 
Se     t   II 

o    f  c 


1  27,1864; 


Kegt.  P.  v.. 


James,  killed  at  Chancellorsville,  Va.,  May  3, 1863. 

II,  must,  in  1861 ;  killed  at  Winchester,  Va.,  March  23, 1862, 

rgo  W.,  must,  in  1861. 

les  W.,  must,  in  1861. 

H  1861 

trans  to  Co 


1  at  CI 



V    Ja 

H   I860    V 

tr     s  t 

Co    ADe     1861 

to  Co  I  F 

1    17  1802 


cello  s    lie 



tl     1 

ut   Md    D 



King,  James,  must,  iu  Dec.  24, 1861;  tri 
King,  Daniel,  must,  in  April  12, 1864;  t 

,  D  Dec.  1861. 

o.  I,  57th  Regt.  P.  V., 

Kelly,  Henry  V.,  must,  in  May  30, 1804. 

Kelly,  William  D.,  must,  in  May  30, 1804. 

Lynch,  Rohert,  must,  in  Dec.  24,  1801 ;  trans,  to  Co.  D  Dec.  1801. 

Lissick,  Samuel,  must,  in  Nov.  2, 1802 ;  captured  at  Chancellorsville,  Va., 

.May  3,  1863;  trans,  to  Co.  I,  67th  Regt.  V.  V.,  June  13,  ISOO. 
Lias,  James  M.,  must,  in  Sept.  15, 1802 ;  captured  at  Chancellorsville,  Va., 

May  3,  1803;  trans,  to  Co.  I,  57th  Regt.  P.  V.,  June  13,  1805. 
Lucas,  Daniel,  killed  at  Chancellorsville,  Va.,  May  3,  1803. 
Mock,  William  H.,  must,  in  1861. 
Miller,  Henry,  must,  in  1801. 

Moiiison,  John,  must,  in  Dec.  24,1861 ;  trans,  to  Co.  D  Dec.  1861. 
Murray,  Ferdinand,  must,  in  Dec.  24,  ISO) ;  tl-ans.  to  Co.  D  Dec.  1861. 
Miller,  Jiinica,  -.voUDded  at  Chancellorsville,  Va.,  May  3,  1863 ;  trans,  to 

Cu.  1,  .'>7lh  Regt.  P.  v.,  Jan.  13, 1805. 
Miller,  Jacoh  W.,  must,  in  April  12,  1S64 ;  trans,  to  Co.  I,  57th  Regt.  P. 

, 1865. 

Cass  ij   LI     st 

1 1 

st  in  18 

Cra  g  Jol  n  n 




Con  a  1  R  be 




Colh  rt  Ja      a 




rris,  James, 





[ids,  \ 



Ehvell,  Wil 
May  3,  180 



Dei  iiiott,  CI 



St.  iulh 

Closkey,  II( 

ill  ISO 

JIaiius,  Jan 

e»,  m 



Intyre,  He, 

■y,  m 


in  1861. 

Derjnott,  C. 


in  1801 


I ;  buried  iu  Wilde 

.G,  67th  Regt.  P.  v.,  Jan. 


18  4 

pol  8  M  1    Ma  < 

Downig,  James,  must,  in  1801. 

Devore,  Daniel,  must,  in  1801. 

Dunn,  John,  Sr.,  must,  in  1801. 

Downs,  Thomas,  killed  at  Chancellorsville,  Va.,  May  3,  1803. 

Eberhart,  Jacob  M.,  must,  in  1801. 

Estep,  Henry  B.,  captured  at  Chancellorsville,  Va.,  May  3,  1803;  trans- 

to  Co.  I,  67th  Regt.  P.  V.,  Jan.  13, 1805. 
Enders,  Joseph,  must,  iu  Dec.  6, 1801;  captured  at  Chancellorsville,  Va., 

May  3,  1803  ;  trans,  to  Co.  A;  vet. 
Enders,  Michael,  must,  in  Sept.  15,1862;  captured  at  Chancellorsville 

Va.,  May  3,  1803 ;  trans,  to  Co.  G,  57th  Regt.  P.  V.,  Jan.  13,  1805. 
Estep,  David,  must,  in  Sept.  23,  1862 ;  captured  ;  died  at  Salisbury,  N,  C, 

Estep,  Elijah,  ni 

FrIel,  Hugh,  in 

Funk,  Alexandi 
Flemmey,  Stejil 

Sept.  15,  1862;  t 
1801  ;  captured 

.  to  Co.  I,  57th  Regt.  P.  V., 

haucellorsville,  Va.,  May  ! 

o.  I  Feb.  17,  1802. 

surg.  certif.  June  3,  1862. 

Jan.  13,  1805. 
Nixon,  Albaii  H., 
Nunemaker,  Jaun 

3,  1863. 
Nash,  Adam,  must,  in  Sept.  15,1862;  trans,  to  Co.  I,  57tb  Regt.  P.  V., 

Nash,  Samuel,  killed  at  Chancellorsville,  Va.,  May  3, 1863. 

Newhouse,  William,  must,  iu  March  30,  1864;  trans  to  Co.  1, 57th  Kegt. 

P.  v.,  Jan.  13,  1865. 
Ortli,  John,  must,  in  Dec.  20,  1861. 
Obenour,  Theobald,  died  at  Alexandria,  July  2d,  of  wounds  reed,  at 

Chancellorsville,  Va.,  May  3, 1803;  grave  874. 
Painter,  William,  must,  in  1801. 
Peight,  Joseph,  must,  in  1801. 
Pierce,  William  S.,  must,  in  1861  ;  trans,  to  Co.  G,  57th  Regt.  P.  V.,  Jan.