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FOR a bibliographical or literary notice of the romance of Paris 
and Vienna, here republished for the firil time from the moft 
ancient Englifh verfion, there are fcarcely any materials. It is un- 
mentioned by Fauchet, Ellis, and Dunlop. It is too late in date 
by a half-century or fo to have found a place in the invaluable 
Hijiory of French Literature, produced under the aufpices of the 
Benedictines of Saint- Maur, and now continued by the French Aca- 
demy. Our Englifh Warton alludes to it only in the moft curfory 
manner, and had evidently never feen a copy in any language. 

This is much to be regretted, I think, for in the whole compafs of 
early romantic fiction of a chivalric character, I do not remember at 
any time to have met with a book fo peculiarly fimple and unaffected 
in its ftructure and ftyle as this. I will fcarcely go fo far as to fay 
that probability is never violated ; in a work of the kind fuch could 
not well be expected to be the cafe ; but, aíîuredly, there is a free- 
dom, which muft charm, from many of the vices which befet fuch 
productions : extravagance of conceit, tedioufnefs of digreíîìon, far- 
fetched incidents, and turgid phrafeology. On the contrary, the nar- 
rative is neither involved nor irkfome, and many of the thoughts and 
turns of expreffion have a naturalnefs, which, in a compofkion of the 
period, is as fafcinating as it is rare. 


vi Preface. 

Paris and Vienna is a profe tale of knight-errantry, of Catalonian 
origin, at a date when the dialects of Catalonia and Provence were 
ftill more diftincT from each other than they are at prefent. About 
1430, it was tranflated from the Catalonian into Provencal proper by 
fomebody whofe name has not been preferved ; and in 1459, Pi erre de 
la Sippade rendered the romance out of Provencal into French. He, 
curioufly enough, apologizes for any defects in his work, ufing the 
plea that he was not a Frenchman by birth, but was born and bred in 
the city of Marfeilles. 

From France it feems to have communicated itfelf very rapidly to 
Italy, Germany, and Holland. From France, however, I apprehend, 
and not from Holland, it came over to us. My reafon will be given 

The oldeft impreíîîon hitherto difcovered in any language is an 
Italian verfion printed at Trevifo in 1482, 4to. This is five years 
anterior to the earlieft known French copy, publifhed at Antwerp by 
Gerard Leeu, in 1487, a fmall folio of thirty-nine leaves, 1 and there 
can be little or no doubt that the editions printed in France have 
either difappeared, or, (which is fcarcely probable, however,) remain 
to be traced. 

Gerard Leeu, who put forth the French verfion in 1487, ventured 
in the following year upon a tranilation in Dutch, which forms a 
fmall folio of thirty-fix leaves. Laftly, there is the Engliih volume, 

1 This was reprinted at Antwerp, without date, 4to., Gothic letter. See Intro- 
duction to the modern edition of the French romance, Paris, 1835, 8vo., of which, by 
the favour of Henry Huth, Efq., I have a copy before me, beautifully printed on 
vellum. The title of the edition of 1487 is there given in full from the copy in the 
Bibliothècjue Impériale. 

Preface. vii 

which I am now reproducing verbatim, (o far as my ability goes, and 
of which the only copy hitherto ieen or traced is among the books 
bequeathed to the Britiih Mufeum by George III. This precious 
relic was purchafed by the king at the Tale of the library of James 
Weft, Efq., in 1773, for £14; it had moft probably been Lord 
Oxford's. It is a fmall folio of thirty- five leaves, without any regular 
title-page, and without paging and catchwords. A facfimile of the 
firft leaf accompanies the reprint. 1 

In the reign of James I., an independent Engliíh verfion of Paris 
and Vienna was executed by a gentleman connected by marriage with 
the Mynihulls, but whofe name has not tranfpired. The unknown 
author of this comparatively modern tranilation has amplified and 
overlaid his original, to which indeed he has not acknowledged any 
obligation on the title or in the prefatory matter. Keeping merely 
the main thread of the ftory in fight, and enlarging and altering the 
details as he went on at pleafure, the writer, perhaps, felt juftified in 
withholding from his friends and the public the fact that his plot and 
chief incidents were borrowed. The firft edition, to the beft of my 
knowledge, was in 162.0, 4to., and there are four others. 2 

1 Caxton's verfion is not, as it has been aflumed, a literal one or a true one, except in 
a fubftantial fenfe. I fhall, in the Notes at the end of the preient volume, point out 
fome of his departures from his (as I conjecture) French original, and alio lbme of his 
omilfions. Brunei, in the lateit edition of his Manuel du Libraire, refers to two early- 
Italian poems in ottava rima on the fubjeci. It may be proper to mention that, befides 
the impreffions of Paris and Vienna already defcribed, there were many of more recent 
date ; it continued to be reprinted, both in France and Italy, till the end of the 
feventeenth century. 

2 Thefe are all fufficiently, perhaps, defcribed in the editor's " Handbook to Early 
Englifh Literature," in voce. 

viii Preface. 

Of Caxton's tranflation, which is far more interefting and valuable 
to us, as exhibiting the romance in fomething like its priftine ihape 
and fimplicity, we are led to conjecture, by a fragment exifring among 
Mr. Douce's books in the Bodleian, that there was a reprint by 
Caxton's apprentice and fucceflbr, Wynkyn de Worde, about 15 10. 
The fragment is noticed by Dibdin in his edition of Herbert's Typo- 
graphical Antiquities, but he miftook it for Caxton's own impreíîìon 
of 1485. 

Certainly, not the leaf!: remarkable feature, in the literary hiftory of 
Paris and Vienna, is the honour which it received, in the commence- 
ment of the fixteenth century, at the hands of Jean de Pino, Bifhop 
of Rieux, who turned the romance into Latin for the edification of 
the two fons of the Chancellor Duprat. The bifhop happened to be 
at Venice about 1 5 1 6, in the quality of ambatfador from Francis I. 
to the Republic, and there he caufed his book to be printed. It is 
a large 8vo. of fifty-fix leaves, without pagination, and is dedicated 
to the noble youths whom it was defigned, from its elegant ftyle and 
wholefome moral, to benefit and inftruct. An early copy was tranf- 
mitted to Paris, where it was immediately republished in the fame 

The MSS. of the work are by no means numerous ; nor am I 
aware of any exifting in England. In the Bibliothèque Impériale at 
Paris, no fewer than five are preferved, all of the fifteenth century, 
and two of them quite late in that century. It was from one of thefe 
that M. Alfred de Terre-bafTe chiefly derived the text of his edition 
of Paris, 1835, 8vo. It bears the number 7534, and is a 4to. 
volume on vellum, in long lines, with one miniature in two compart- 
ments. It at one time formed part of the fine old library collected 
by the earlier kings of France at Blois, and removed to Fontaine- 
bleau by Francis I, and thence by Henry IV. to Paris. 

Preface. ix 

This precious MS. is far more correct than the printed copies, of 
which the value entirely confiils in their exceffive rarity, and typo- 
graphical excellence. 

The only other fiction connected with the Viennois — a diftrict of 
France, part of which formed the moil ancient fettlement made in 
that kingdom by Italians 1 — is, fo far as my information extends, a 
long romance in verfe, by Bertrand Le Clerc, entitled, Le Roman 
de Girard de Vienne. A fine MS. of this, on vellum, with rich 
illuminations, is among the Royal MSS. in the Britiih Mufeum. It 
is written in double columns, in a hand of the thirteenth century. 2 

Warton, in his Observations on the Faery ^ueene, cites a pafiage 
from Skelton, 3 to ihow that Paris and Vienna formed one of the 
popular tales of chivalry in that poet's time, and if the mention he 
introduces of our hero and heroine ihould not be thought perfectly 
conclufive evidence, the point is fomewhat ftrengthened by the enu- 
meration of Paris and Vienna in Bifhop Douglas's Palis of Honoure, 
1553, (but written many years before), among the retinue of Venus. 4 

The prefent legend preferved fufficient notoriety in this country, as 
late as the reign of Elizabeth, to induce its felection for dramatic treat- 
ment and reprefentation at court. We are indebted to Malone for 
the fact that Paris and Vienna was ihown on Shrove Tuefday, 1571, 
at night, by the children of Weftminfter, before the queen. 

W. C. H. 

Kenfington, Dec. 16, 1867. 

1 Allou, Monumens des Differens Ages obíervés dans la Haute-Vienne, 1 82 1. 

2 Warton, H. E. P. ed. 1824, i. 149, note a. 

3 Phylyp Sparowe, in Dyce's Skelton, i. 71. 

4 Dyce's Skelton, ii. 140. 



ALANUS who was very fage hath written in the book of his 
doctrines an axiom [vne aucìorité] which in Latin expreiTed : 
Hoc crede quod tibi verum eíTe videtur, etc. and is as much as to fay, 
tranilated out of Latin into French : Tu croyras les chofes qui te fem- 
bléront eftre vraies. And I undertake this theme in the prefent 
cafe, becaufe I have all my life taken pleafure in the reading of 
romances and chronicles of the ancient hiftories, as of the life of 
Lancelot, of Triftan, of Florimond, of Guy of Warwick, who per- 
formed many brave acts in their life, according to what I have found 
in writing, in many particulars, and I have found fome [en ay 
trouuees] which it is very impoffible to believe. And feveral other 
books I have feen ; but among them I have felected a writing in the 
Provencal tongue, which was drawn from another book written in the 
Catalan language [dialect], in which was contained the life of a baron, 
who was called Godfrey Dalençon, who was Dauphin of Vienne, and 
had a daughter who was called Vienne, who was a paragon of beauty. 
And how a knight, who was called Paris, fon of a baron, whom they 
called Meíïìre James, was enamoured of the faid Vienne, fo that, to 
do her honour, he achieved in his life-time many valiant things, as 
you will hear by-and-bye. And becaufe the matter is reafonable and 

xii Prologue, 

tolerably credible, and the ftory is pleaíìng, for it is very good to 
relate the brave deeds which our ancestors [les anciens] accompliihed 
long ago, I have undertaken to draw the hiilory for you from Pro- 
vencal into French. I beg to requeft of all thofe who (hall read the 
faid book, that if they find anything in it written which is unpoliihed 
[qui ne foit bien feant], that they will pardon my defects, and amend 
them according to their judgment, for my capacity is not fufficient 
for the proper handling and treating of fuch matters, and alfo, info- 
much as I am not French by birth, but was born and bred in the city 
of Marfeilles ; and will you be pleafed to take notice, that I belong 
to [the pariih of] Saint-Pierre, whence I take the name of La Sippade ; 
and this book was, at the outfet, written in the year a thoufand iiij c 
xxxij, the third day of the month of September, as appears from the 
copy from which this book is taken, which commences by the hand 
of Guillaume le Moign, the xvi th day of the month of January, a 
thoufand iiij c lix. ] ] 

1 Tranflated from the French edition of 1835. ^ * s om hted by Caxton. Guil- 
laume Le Moign, or William the Monk, was the copyiii employed by Sippade. 

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Paris and Vienna. 

ft Here begynneth thyftorye of the noble ryght valyaunt & worthy knyght 
Parysj and of the fayr Vyene the daulphyns doughter of vyennoys/ 
the whyche fuffred many aduerfytees bycaufe of theyr true hue or 
they coude enioye the effeïï therof of eche other j 

IN the tyme of kynge Charles of Fraunce the yere of our lord Ihefu 
Cryft M CC lxxj/ was in the londe of vyennoys a ryche baron 
daulphyn and lord of the lond that was named lyr Godefroy of alaun- 
fon & was of the kynges kynrede of fraunce/ the whiche daulphyn 
was ry5t myghty and a grete lord bothe in hauoyr and in landes/ & 
was a ryght wyfe man/ in fo moche that for his grete wyfedom he was 
moche made of/ bothe of the kynge of fraunce & of al the lordes & 
barons of his courte/ foo that noo thynge was doon in the fayd royame 
but that he was called therto/ & had to his wyf a moche fayre lady 
whiche cleped was dame dyane whyche was of fo grete beaulte that 
ihe was wel worthy & dygne to be named after that fayre fterre y men 
calle dyane that appyereth & iheweth a lytel afore the day/ and alfo 
ihe was replenyffhed of all noblenes & gentylnes that a lady may or 
ought to haue/ The fayd daulphyn thenne and this noble lady dyane 
were vij yere to gyder wythoute yíìue that moche they defyred to haue/ 
and prayed our lord bothe nyght & day that they myght haue chyl- 
dren playfaunt and redy to hys deuyne feruyce/ and our lord thorugh 


2 Paris & Vienna, 

hys benygnyte herde theyr prayer/ and after hys playfyr gaf vnto them 
the viij yere of theyr mar y age a ryght fayr dough ter for the whyche/ 
grete gladnes & Ioye was made thorugh all the daulphyns londe/ and 
the chylde was baptyfed with grete honour & Ioye/ &: in token of grete 
loue they named hyr vyenne by caufe the cyte where ihe was borne in 
was called vyenne/ and thys doughter was delyuerd vnto a noble lady 
for to be nouryfihed wyth hyr/ the whyche lady was of the fayd cyte 
and had a lytel doughter of the age of vyenne the whyche was named 
yfabel/ & fo the fayre vyêne was nouryfihed wyth the fame yfabel 
from hyr tender age vnto many yere after/ & foo grete loue was 
bytwene them bothe that they called eche other fyfters/ & the fayre 
vyenne grewe and encreaced euer in fouerayn beawte & gentylnefle/ 
fo that the renomee of hyr excellent beawte flouryfihed not onely 
thurgh al fraûce but alfo thurgh al the Royame of englond & other 
contrees/ It happed after ihe was xv yere of age that ihe was 
defyred to maryage of many kny5tes & grete lordes/ & at that tyme 
was in the daulphyns courte emonge many hys kny5tes/ a noble mâ 
of auncyent lygnage & of fayr londes/ the whiche was wel byloued 
of the daulphyn & of alle the lordes of the lande and was called fyr 
lames/ thys noble man had a moche fayr fone that had to name Parys/ 
& hys fader made hym to be taught in al good cuftommes/ and whan 
he was xviij yere of age he was adreifed to the dyfcyplyne of armes/ 
& demened hym felf fo nobly & worthely in al maner dedes of 
chyualrye that wythin a ihorte tyme after he was doubed knyght by 
the hande of the fayd lord daulphyn/ C Noo fayte of knyghthode 
ne none aduenture of chyualrye happed after but that he founde hym 
felf at it in foo moche that the renommee of hym ranne thurgh al the 
world & men fayd he was one of the beil kny5tes p l myght be founde 
in ony contree/ & helde hym felf ryght clene in armes and lyued 

arts csr Vienna. 3 

chaftly & Ioyefully/ & had euer ahoute hym fowles and 
houndes for hys dyfporte to alle maner of huntyng fuffyfaunt ynough 
for a due or for an erle/ and thurgh hys proweiTe and hardynes he 
was acqueynted & knowen of many other grete lordes/ and emonge 
alle other he was gretely and louyngly acqueynted with a yonge 
knyght of the cy te of vyenne that hyght Edward/ and were bothe of 
one age and moche loued eche other/ and as two brethern of armes 
wente euer to gyder there as they knewe ony Iouftyng or appertyfe 
of armes to be had for to gete honour/ C And wete it vvel that 
befyde theyr worthynes in armes they were good mufycyens playeng 
vpon alle maner Inftrumentes of mufyke/ and coude fynge veray wel/ 
but Parys paifed in al poyntes 1 his felowe Edward/ Notwythftondyng 
Edward was amerous al redy of a noble lady of the courte of braban/ 
but Parys as yet knewe nought of amoroufte but not longe after 
Venus the goddes of loue fyred his thou^t with the hert vnto a noble 
yong lady/ that is to wete the fayre vyenne the daulphyns doughter 
of vyennoys that was his lyege lord/ & the more he growed toward 
his flouryng age p e more he was efpryfed & brennyng of her loue for 
the grete beaute y was in hyr/ But Parys thought euer in hys herte 
that this loue was not wel lykly ne cordable/ C For he was not of 
fo hyghe lygnage as the noble mayden vyenne was of/ & therfore 
Parys kept hys loue fecrete that none ihold perceyue it fauf Edward 
his trufty felowe to whom he brake & ihewed his counceyl And the 
fayre vyenne perceyued not that parys was amerous of hyr/ nor parys 
alfo durft neyther ihewe nor fay nothynge to hyr of hyt/ but the 
more that he fawe hyr the more grewe p e fyre of loue within hym 

1 Caxton has ponytes. 

4 Paris & Vienna. 

C Hozv Parys and Edward hys felowe played ivyth dyuers Inftrumttes 
by Tiyght tofore the chambre of vyenne I 

PArys thenne & edward wyth one accorde dyfpofed them felf for 
to gyue fomme melodyous myrthe to the noble mayde vyenne/ 
and wyth theyr mufycal Inftrumentes/ as recourders/ they yede by 
nyght tyme to gyder toward that parte of the caftel where as the 
fayre vyenne laye in hyr chambre/ and there they fange ful fwetely 
and fowned melodyouily theyr mufycal Inftrumentes and pypes/ and 
certeyn the melodye of their fonges and the fowne of theyr Inftrument 
was fo playfaunt & fo fwete that it paíféd al other melodye/ And 
whan the daulphyn and his wyf & the fayre vyenne theyr doughter 
herde this fwete and melodyous fowne/ as wel of mâs wyces as of 
dyuers Inftrumêtes they had grete Ioye and took grete playfyr at it 
& had grete defyre to knowe what they were that fo grete folace and 
Ioye made tofore theyr caftel/ and for to wete & knowe what they 
were the daulphyn aflygned a day of a fefte at the whyche he fente 
for alle maner mynftrellys in hys londe/ chargyng theym vpon grete 
payne that they fhold come for to playe before hym and hys barons 
in hys caftel of vyenne/ & whan they were al come they played and 
fange in theyr beft wyfe/ but emong them were not foúde tho myn- 
ftrelles that the lord daulphyn fought fore/ wherof he was forouful & 
defyred more to knowe what they were than he dyd afore/ And whan 
vyenne herde alle the mynftrellys of the londe that fowned at y fefte 
ihe fayd to yfabel hyr damoyfel & preuy felowe/ by my fayth fwete 
fyfter thefe mynftrellys playen nou5t to the regarde of them that were 
wonte to come before our chambre/ & me dyfplayfeth moche that I 
may not knowe them/ for certeynly they come not hyther for nought/ 
for they loue outher you or me/ 

Pans & V'ienna. 

WHan the daulphyn vnderftode hys doughters wordes he wyllyng 
to playfe hyr fayd vnto hyr that yf it were poflyble ihe 
fhold knowe what they were that foo fange euery nyght before hyr 
chambre/ wherfore he ordeyned x men of armes and commaunded 
them to hyde them felf pryuely there as the fowne was herde/ & that 
they ihold brynge to hym other by force or otherwyfe them that 
made that fwete melodye/ Now came the nyght that the ij yonge 
knyghtes Parys & Edward that no thynge knewe of thembuf ihement 
that was layed for them came with theyr Inftrumentes toward the 
cartel & there they began to fynge & fowned theyr Inftrumentes fo 
melodyouily that grete playfyr it was to here/ & whan they had fonge 
and wold haue returned thyder as they were come fro/ the x knyghtes 
lepte & cam forth and falewed them curtoyille fayeng that they nedes 
muft come wyth them for to fpeke with their lord the daulphyn/ 
Thenne fayd Parys to them/ Fayr lordes abyde a lytel whyle/ yf it 
playfe you & of vs ye fhal haue an anfuer Thenne wente Parys & 
edward a parte and fpake to gyder/ ye fee fayr brother fayd Parys to 
Edward in what party we be now and I wold not that ye ihold haue 
by me ony dyfplayfyr nor harme/ but foo moche I telle you that or I 
fhold fuffre me to be ledde tofore the daulphyn I had leuer deye/ 
therfore fayr brother aduyfe we what is befte for to do/ & edward 
heryng parys wordes fayd/ brother myn haue noo fere of no thynge 
and lete vs doo as ye wyl/ Thenne fayd they to the x men of armes 
lordes thurgh your curtofye fuffre vs to retorne thyder as we came 
fro/ for we be at my lord the daulphyns playfyr & of all the lordes 
& barons of his courte but in ony maner as for thys tyme we may not 
fulfylle hys commaundement/ 

6 Paris 'ílf Vienna. 

WHanthefayd x men of armes faw the ij knyghtes dyfobey flaunt/ 
they anfuerd to them ye ihal now come to hym other wyth 
your wylle or by force/ and bygan to pulle oute theyr fwerdes & came 
ayenft the two yonge knyghtes that naked were from al armes fauf 
theyr fwerdes and theyr bowclers/ wherwyth they couerd them and fo 
manfully deffended theyr bodyees that they hurte & wounded fore 
al the ten armed men in fo moche that they maad them alle to voyde 
and flee fro the place whether they wold or not/ C And on the 
morovve erly the ten men of armes came to fore the daulphyn alle 
wounded and fore hurt/ And they recounted to hym how two yonge 
men onely had arayed them fo and how they nedes mull flee for fere 
of theyr lyues/ 

Wherof the daulphyn was ryght angry to fee them fo fore hurt & 
took grete dyfplayfyr of it/ and thought wel that the fayd two yonge 
knyghtes were of grete ftrengthe and vertue/ wherfore he comanded 
an hondred men to be redy for to efpye & take them the nyght 
folowyng yf they came ageyn chargyng that none hurte ihold be 
doon to them/ but after theyr fonge doon/ they ihold be brought 
vnto hym/ but thys enterpryfe came to none effect/ for the two yonge 
knyghtes came not ageyn but kepte alle that they had doon fecrete/ 
whan the fayre vyêne fawe that ihe my3t not knowe what thefe 
mynftrellys were ihe thought they were fomme grete lordes that were 
amerous of hyr/ & ihe & hyr damoyfel yfabel fpake of none other 
thynge than of thefe mynftrelles and had grete playfyr to talke of 
them/ Parys feyng he durfl: not fay nor ihewe the grete loue that he 
had to the fayr vyenne/ thought he wold hyde hys courage from 
hyr/ wherfore he took acqueyntaunce wyth the bysihop of Saynt 
Laurence the whyche lerned hym holy fcrypture/ The daulphyn 

Paris & Vienna. 7 

thenne feyng hys doughter ful tryfte & penfyful for thys that ihe 
myght not knowe the fayd mynftrelles that fo melodyoufly played 
tofore hyr chambre/ he ordeyned a Iouftyng place wythin his cyte of 
vyenne and made lyftes and fcaffoldes to be fette vp & fente his 
herauldes in fraunce in Englond and in normandye to anounce & 
fhewe vnto al kny5tes and gentylmen that wold doo faytes of armes 
and of chyualrye for loue of al ladyes and damoyfelles/ that the Iouftes 
ihold be holden the fyrft day of may/ in the cyte of vyenne/ And 
he that ihold doo beft in armes/ ihold haue of the Daulphyns 
doughter a ihelde of cryftalle of grete valurr/ and a garlond wyth 
rofes and floures of fyn gold/ And wete ye wel that vyenne the 
noble and fayr mayden was ryght gladde of the Iouftes that hyr fade r 
ordeyned for hyr fake/ Fro grete talent and defy re ihe had to knowe 
hym that was foo amerous of hyr/ and ihe thought he wold be at the 
fayd fyrft day of may at vyenne/ 

C After the meifagers that had pronounced the Iouftes were comen 
ageyn to the cyte of vyenne/ the mooft parte of the knyghtes and 
gentylmen of the Royame of Fraunce of Englond and of Normandye 
made them redy for to come to the cyte of Vyenne to the fayd 
Iouftes/ C And in efpecyal many noble barons of the royame of 
Englond & of france that amerous were of the fayre vyenne for the 
renomme of hyr grete beaulte/ came to the fayd Iouftes wyth ryche 
and noble araye/ emonge whome was Iohan due of bourbon neuew to 
the kyng of frauce Edward the kynges fone of englond/ Anthony 
fone to the erle of prouence/ Gherard the marquys fone of Mount- 
ferat/ and wyllyam fone to the due of Carnes/ Paris thêne knowyng 
this noble afTemble and the Iouftes that ihold be the fyrft day of May 
thought in hym felf whether he ihold goo thyder or not/ but the 
grete loue that he had to the fayre vyenne conftrayned hym therto/ 

8 Paris & Vienna. 

Neuertheles he took counceyl of Edward his felowe the whyche an- 
fwerd to hym/ yf ye goo I wyl holde you companye thyder/ but we 
muft departe fecretly that we be not knowen/ and anone they made 
redy theyr harnoys & pourueyed theym of good horfes whiche they 
harneyfed al in whyt/ & none other token they had on them whereby 
they myght be knowen fauf that they were arayed al in whyt & one 
]yke that other/ The day of the Iouftes thêne approched & al the 
lordes & barons afore fayd cam ij dayes before the fefte to p e cyte of 
vyenne where the daulphyn for loue of them dyd doo make a noble 
fcaffold where as the fayre vyenne was rychely arayed/ & al that fawe 
hyr were ameruaylled of hyr grete beaute To that fefte came many 
noble knyghtes & fquyers clothed and arayed rychely after the guyfe 
of theyr contree/ & there were many mynftrellys playeng vpon al 
maner Inftrumentes/ & many good fyngars whyche the noble mayde 
vyenne herkened ful wel For hyr hert was onely fette to thynke 
how ihe myght knowe hym that was hyr louer/ parys thenne 
came thyder and was ordeyned for to ferue at the daulphyns table 
where vyenne fatte/ & wete ye wel that ful gracyouily and curtoyily 
he ferued and kerued before hyr/ 

C How Parys gate the prys of the Iouftes in the cyte of Vyenne j 


THan the day was comen that the lordes knyghtes & gêtyl- 
men ihold Iufte for loue of the ladyes/ Parys & Edward yede 
to a fecrete place where they armed them fecretly and fyn came to 
the lyftes with theyr badges & tokens and were horfed and armed ful 
rychely and wel/ Alle other knyghtes there were knowen by theyr 
armes/ but the two whyt knyghtes were vnknowen/ 

The daulphyn thenne commaunded that euery one ihold muftre 

Paris ÊP Vienna, g 

or the Iouftyng began along the felde tofore the ladyes & damoyfelles/ 
and Too they moftred rydyng tofore the fcaffold of the fayre vyenne & 
were fo nobly & rychely armed & arayed/ and fo godely men they 
were that euery one fayd/ the floure of knyghthode may now be feen 
in thys place a emonge al other prynces Edward of Englond was 
mooft amerous of al & ryght renòmed in armes/ The pucelle 
Vyenne feyng alle thefe noble knyghtes/ fayd to hyr damoyfel yfabel/ 
Fayr fyfter whyche of them al thynke you that mooft dooth for the 
loue of me/ & yfabel anfuerd/ honourable lady me femeth he that 
bereth the lyon of gold in his armes dooth more for your loue than 
the other/ Certes fayd vyenne yonder two whyt knyghtes that bere 
none armes in theyr iheldes are more to my fantafye than ony of the 
other alwaye/ we fhal fee now what they can doo/ Thêne were the 
knyghtes redy to do fayte of armes/ And fyrft an hardy & valyaunte 
knyght that bare in hys armes a crowne of gold bygan the fyrft 
cours/ & ayenft hym ranne the good knyght edward parys felowe & 
recoútred eche other fo vygorouily Y they brake bothe theyr fperes/ 
many other mette eche other fodaynlye gyuyng grete ftrokes/ fomme 
were ouerthrowen to the erthe & fomme brake theyr fperes worthely 
& kept theyr fterops ryght valyauntly/ the other recountred eche 
other fo manfully that bothe hors and man were cafte to the grounde/ 
For euery man dyd hys beft to gete worihyp there/ Edward the 
kynges fone of englond bare hym ful wel and had the better vpon 
many a kny3t there/ but the ftrong kny5t parys broched hys hors 
toward hym/ and mette hym fo vygorouily that atte ende he ouer- 
threwe hym & had the better of hym wherof he gate grete worihyp 
and was moche pray fed for hys grete prowefl'e/ Thys Iouftyng lafted 
tyl fouper tyme/ & whan p e euen cam many of them were wery of 
the Ioufte & refted them/ but parys dyd thêne more of armes fhewyng 

io Paris ê? Vienna. 

his meruavllous proweiTe than he had doon of al that day in fo moche 
that none durft approche hym ne withftonde his appertyfe in armes/ 
& fo moche he dyd that thonour & prys of the Iouftes retted & abode 
in hym that day/ 

How the fhelde of cryfial & the garlond with fioures of gold were 
yeuen to Parys as to the heft doer in faytes of armes/ 

THe fefte ended/ grete worihyp & loenge abode to p e ij kny3tes 
with Y whyt armes/ and Parys was ledde vnto the fcaffold 
there as vyêne was the whyche delyuerd hym the fhelde of cryftal & 
the garlond wyth floures of gold that fhe helde in hyr honde/ & 
thenne parys with Edward his felawe departed thens in the fecreteft 
wyfe that they coude and wente to vnarme them to j? e place where 
they fyrft armed them felf/ The barons and knyghtes that were 
there fpake wel of the proweiTe & of the chyualrye of the knyghtes 
with the whyt armes fo that the daulphyn & the other grete lordes 
had grete defyre to knowe what they were & to haue theyr acqueyn- 
taunce/ but they departed fo fecretly fro the felde that no man knewe 
where they were become nor what waye they toke 

AFter al thys was thus doon the knyghtes returned in to theyr 
contrees fpekyng euer of the ryal fefte and chere that the 
daulphyn had doon to them/ & of the proweiTe of the whyt knyghtes 
& of the ryght fouerayn beaute and nobleiTe of vyenne/ And in the 
mene whyle there moeued a ftryf betwyxte the barons & of 
Frauunce and of Englond For fomme were there that were amerous 
of the doughter of the due of Normandye/ and fomme were that 
loued and bare oute the bealute ' of the fyfter of the kyng of Englond/ 

1 Query beaulte. 

Paris & Vienna. i i 

fayeng ihe was fayrer than Vyenne was/ and other were there that 
helde contrarye oppynyon fayeng that the daulphyns doughter vyenne 
paiTed in beaute al other wymmen in the world/ and for this reafon 
was grete debate & ftryf betwyxte the kny5.tes of fraunce & them of 
Englond for the beaute of thefe thre damoyfelles/ 

<[ Euer multeplyed & grewe more the bruyt and the renòme of 
the daulphyn by caufe of the Iouftes and tournoyment doon in his 
cyte of vyenne/ wherof he had grete Ioye/ for they had be moche 
honourable and playfaunt to al knyghtes/ And Vyenne euer thought 
in hyr felf who myght he be that had goten the worfhyp and prys of 
the Iouftes and fayd to yfabel/ Neuer trufte me dere fufter but J? e 
knyjt to whom I haue yeuen the ihelde of cryftal and my garlond 
is he that fo fwetely fange for the loue of me tofore our chambre/ 
for myn hert gyueth it me/ and by my fayth fyfter he is ful noble 
and worthy/ & in alle hys dedes ryght curtoys and gentyl as we 
myght haue {c&n whylere wherfor I fay you my fwete fyfter that in 
hym I haue putte the rote of myn entyere herte/ my wylle and al my 
loue/ nor neuer I lhal haue playfyr ne Ioye vnto p e tyme that I 
knowe what he is/ for my loue is al hys/ & of what fo euer eftate 
he be of I neuer fhal take myn herte fro hym/ C Thenne began 
(he to wayle and fyghe for the loue of hym ful tenderly/ for tyl now 
(he had not felte the fparkles of loue that fprange out of hyr hert/ but 
parys knewe nothyng herof p l fhe defyred to haue hym & to knowe 
what he was/ but he kepte hys loue fecrete in hys hert/ For he durft 
not ihewe it vnto hyr wherfore he ledde hys lyf in grete tryfteiTe and 
forowe he went euer in the felawfhyp of the byfihop of faynt Lau- 
rence & made femblaunte of nothyng And lames the fader of Parys 
that had feen the noble feeft and the ryal Iouftes in the cyte of 
vyenne/ wenyng to hym that hys fone parys had not ben there was 

i 2 Paris & Vienna, 

ful Tory &" had grete dyfplayfyr of it and fayd/ Fayr fone Parys I am 
in a grete malencolye & in a thought for you that ye be not fo 
Ioveful ne mery as ye were wonte to be/ here afore tyme I fawe you 
euer redy to the Iouftes and to al maner faytes of chyualrye for to 
gete honour/ & I now fee you al chaunged fyn ye took acqueyn- 
taunce wyth thys bvffhop for lothe I were to fee you bycome a man 
of relygyon as I fere he wyl brynge you to/ and ryght wrothe I am 
that ye were not at that noble and ryal tournoyment that hath be 
holden in vyenne for the fake of alle the ladyes of thys londe/ wher- 
fore dere fone I praye you to take hede to your felf that ye lefe not 
your good renommee/ your worihyp ne the prayfyng alfo that ye gate 
afore tyme/ and that ye fpende not your yongthe in ydleneiTe/ And 
Parys heryng alle thys anfuerd noo thyng to hys fader but abode 
ftylle penfyflull thynkyng on p e beaute of vyêne/ 

NOw fayth thyftorye that as ye haue herde aboue a grete ftryf 
befyl emong the knyghtes aforefayd for the loue of the thre 
damoyfelles afore fayd/ For the erles fone of Flaundres was gretely 
wrothe for thys caufe wyth the Due of brennes and had beten ftr 
hurte fore eche other fo that none my^t make the pees betwyxte 
theym/ For eyther of hem mayntened & bare oute the beaute of his 
lady C It happed thenne that fyue knyghtes hardy and valyaunte 
came forth the whyche fayd that they were redy to fyght and for to 
proue by force of armes that Florye the dukes doughter of Normandye 
was the fayreft damoyfel of alle the world/ And Incontynent ftert 
vp fyue other knyghtes that faid & mayntened that conftaunce the 
kynges fyfter of englond was the fayreft/ And forthwyth other v 
knyghtes rofe vp that mayntened and vphelde the beaute of vyenne 
aboue alle other wymmen in the world in fo moche that thys debate 

Paris & Vienna. i g 

cam to the knowleche of the kyng of Fraunce whiche fayd that herof 
myght growe a grete trouble and dyfcorde emong his barons & other 
lordes/ Soo fente he worde to them that they ihold come toward 
hym and that he {hold gyue fuche a fentence vpon theyr ftryf that 
they al ihold be therof contente/ the whyche meíTage plefed them 
wel and came alle toward hym aiTone as they myght/ And whan 
they were come tofore the kyng they fpake of theyr ftryf/ But anone 
the kyng ordeyned a Iouftes for the loue of the fayd thre ladyes/ & 
made his maundement that they al ihold come wyth theyr armes and 
hors for to Ioufte the viij day of feptembre in the cyte of parys/ and 
they that ihold do beft in armes at that day they ihold haue the prys 
& the worfhyp of the fefte and the lady on whos beaute they helde 
with ihold be reputed and holden for the fayreft damoyfel of alle the 
world/ The kyng of Fraunce thenne fente worde to the faders of the 
forfayd thre ladyes prayeng them to come atte fame fefte and that 
eyther of them ihold brynge wyth hym a prefent of rycheiTe the 
which thre prefentes ihold be yeuen in the worihyp of their thre 
doughters to the beft doer in armes in token of vyciorye/ And thus 
the kyng of englond fyrft fent for hys fyfter Conftaunce a fayre 
crowne of gold alle fette wyth perlys and precyous ftones of grete 
value/ The due of Normandye for loue of hys doughter Florye 
fente a ryght fayre garlond fette wyth dyuers perlys & precyous 
ftones moche ryche and of grete extymacyon/ And the daulphyn for 
loue of hys doughter 1 vyenne fente a moche ryche coler of gold al 
enuyronned wyth precyous ftones of dyuers colours/ the whiche was 
worth a ryght grete trefour/ And thefe thre Iewellys were delyuerd 
to the kynge of Fraunce/ The forfayd knyghtes thenne made them 
redy and apparaylled al thynges accordyng to the Iouftes/ &" in ryche 

1 Caxton has doughrer. 

1 4 Paris & Vienna. 

araye came al to the cyte of Parys/ and wete ye wel tha" in Fraunce 
was not feen afore that day fo grete noblefTe of barons °nd knyghtes 
as were there aiTembled/ for there were the mooft hye prynces & 
barons of englond of Fraunce and of Normandye and eyther of them 
dyd fette al hys wytte and entendement to vpholde and bere oute 
that they had purpofed and fayd/ and euery baron gaf hys lyuerey 
that they mold be knowen eche fro other/ & the bruyt & rename was 
that my lady conftaunce ihold haue thonour of that fefte for thys 
that many a fayre and hardy knyght made them redy to mayntene 
the quarelle of hyr beaulte/ but neuertheles eyther of thefe thre 
partyes hoped to haue the worfhyp of the fefte/ & parys that was in 
vyenne the cyte/ and that wel knewe the grete apparaylle of thys fefte/ 
took counceyl of Edward hys felawe whether he ihold goo to parys 
or not/ And Edward counceylled hym to goo thyder/ fo that he 
wente fecretly/ & fayd yf ye goo thyder fecretly and yf god gyue 
you grace that ye gete the worfhyp of the fefte/ grete wele & good 
fhal come to you therby/ and yf ye goo and be knowen the daulphyn 
and the other lordes fhal not preyfe you foo moche as they ihold yf 
ye were vnknowen for caufe that ye be not of fo grete lygnage as 
they be/ another is yf ye goo openly and that my lady vyenne 
happeth to haue thonour of the fefte by your prowefle/ ihe fhal 
nought be fette by/ confyderyng the other grete lordes that fhal be 
there procedyng your degree/ & yf ihe gete the worfhyp of the fefte 
by a knyght vnknowen the loue and honour fhal growe the more in 
hyr courage toward hym that thus hath doon for hyr fake/ wherfore I 
counceyl you to goo thyder in the mooft fecreteft wyfe that ye may/ 
for my trufte is that ye fhal gete grete worfhyp there/ and but yf ye 
goo/ trufte me I fhal make my felf redy to goo thyder for you/ For 
I wyl be lothe to fee the beaulte of my lady vyêne to be rebuked 

Paris & Vienna. 15 

At thefe wordes graunted Parys to goo to the fayd Iouftes/ and whan 
he was redy & had al thynges accordyng to a noble knyght he 
departed in the fecreteft manere that he myght toward the cyte of 
parys where as the kyng of Fraunce maad grete prouyfyon of alle 
maner metes and of al other thynges necefiarye to fuche a ryal fefte/ 
And in the myddes of the cyte of parys he ordeyned the place where 
the knyghtes ihold Ioufte and dyd doo make many fayre fcaffoldes 
for the ladyes and damoyfelles to be fette on/ for to beholde the 
Iouftyng/ Alfo he dyd do make thre baners ful fayre and ryche/ the 
fyrft baner was whyt/ and there was wryton vpon hit in letters of 
gold/ vyenne doughter to my lord godfroy of alenfon daulphyn of 
vyennoys/ the fecond baner was rede/ and was wryton theron in 
letters of gold/ Conftaunce the kynges fyfter of englond/ The thyrd 
baner was whyt and in letters of gold was wryton theron/ Florye 
doughter to the due of normandye/ and thefe iij baners were pyght 
vp at the thre cornes of the felde/ and wete ye that fo grete prees 
was there that the peple took theyr place vpon the fcaffoldes ij dayes 
afore the fefte for to fee the grete peple & the fayr ordynaunce that 
there was/ 

WHan it was fo that the lordes were redy of alle thynges that 
were neceflarye/ and were departed fro theyr contrees they 
affembled al at parys the xiiij day of feptembre/ and neuer tofore was 
feen fo grete a companye of nobles/ For fro alle partyes was comen 
grete chyualrye/ the fòme for to do armes/ and the other for to fee 
the fefte whyche was moche fumptuous and noble/ & whan the day 
aflygned came of the Iouftes/ On the mornyng erly he dyd doo fette 
thefe thre Ioyaulx or Iewels in the baners/ The whyche ihone and 
refplendyfihed moche merueillouily for the nombre of perles & pre- 

i6 Paris Sf Vienna. 

cyous ftones that were in the baners/ Now it ihold be ouerlonge 
to recyte of the barons and of the knyghtes that were in that Iour- 
neye/ For many were comen thyder fro the royame of fpayne/ of 
aragon and of many other contrees for to prone their ftrengthe and 
perfones/ and for to mayntene the barons that mayntened the thre 
ladyes maydens/ Of whome we íhall reherce of the pryncypalleft 
here after the ihorteft wyfe we may/ And whan it came in the 
mornyng that euery man was armed & apparaylled in the felde/ and 
that the kyng of Fraunce was fette in hys hrete ' fcaffolde/ and began 
to fay al alowde and moche meruayllouily/ that alle the people myght 
here and vnderftonde/ Knyghtes and barons that been here for to do 
the fayte of armes goo ye eueryche vnder that baner that he wyl 
mayntene for the loue of hys lady/ and we gyue in comaundement 
that this felde be of loue and of curtofye/ as it to you apperteyneth/ 
how be it we wyl wel that eche of you do valyantly hys armes and 
hys chyualryes for that damoyfell whyche he wyl mayntene/ And he 
that ihal wynne the felde ihal haue the prys and thonour of the 
fefte/ and that lady or damoyfel ihal be mayntened and allowed for 
the mooft fayre damoyfel of the world/ and ihal haue the prys and 
thonour of them of Englond of Fraunce & of Normandye/ and that 
to thys noo man be fo hardy to gaynfay vpon the payne to lofe his 
lyf/ And yet after thys he fayd/ ye fee here a fayre crowne the 
whyche the quene of Fraunce hath ordeyned/ to thende that it be 
delyuerd to the fader of the damoyfel that ihal haue the prys and 
honour of the felde and of the Iouftes/ And the knyght that ihal 
gete the prys and thonour of the Iouftes ihal haue all the thre baners 
and the thre Iewels that been in them/ & comaunded that the baner 

1 Query grete. 

Paris Ê? Vienna. 1 7 

of Normandye ihold fyrft make hys muftre/ & nexte the baner of 
Conftaunce and thenne that of Vyenne/ 

C And fyrft vnder the baner of Normandye were they that folowe/ 
that is to wete Iohan fone of therle of Flaunders/ Phelyp of bauyers 
neuew of the kynge of Frounce/ Edward fone of the duke of bour- 
goyne/ Iohan erle of Armynak/ Balaxe brother of the marquys of 
Saluce Geffiroy due of pycardye/ And after them came many other 
wel armed & habylied/ After came the baner of Còftaunce/ the 
whiche accompanyed Iohan fone of the due of bremeos/ Gaftamons 
of gaftre brother of the erle of foyes/ Anthonye alegre fone of the 
due of Carnes/ Larer neuew of the due of bourgoyne/ The honour- 
able Iohan of braban/ Salamon de launfon brother of theHe of the 
marche/ and after them came many other barons and knyghtes/ and 
thêne after came the baner of the fayr vyêne/ the whyche accom- 
panyed hughe fone of the due of Bourbon/ Edward fone of the kyng 
of Englond/ Wy^iam fone of the due of barry/ Antony e fone of the 
counte of prouynce/ Parys fone of fyr Iaques of vyenne/ Dormando 
of monferrant fone of the marquys/ thre fones of the due of Carnes/ 
Iohan perylious due of Normandye/ & after ihem came many other 
barons and knyghtes wel armed & wel horfed/ And whan the muftre 
was made/ euery baner returned in to hys place/ whyche moche noble 
and meruayl'ous Jiynge was it to fee and to byholde the nobleiTe of 
the barons & knyghtes foo wel horfed and armed as they were/ And 
the daulphyn and fyr Iaques fader of Parys were comen for to fee the 
fefte & the Iouftes/ 

1 8 Paris êf Vienna. 

C How Parys wan the ŷrys at the louýes in the cyte of Parysj 

WHan thenne it came to the houre of tyerce began the Ionftes/ 
and cam in to the felde moche nobly armed Iohan fone of 
therle of flaundres/ ■& ageyn hym came Johan fone of the duke of 
brennes & coped to gyder fo fyeríly p they brake theyr fperes/ and 
Iohan fone of therle of fiaunders tombled to therthe vnder hys 
hors/ & after ayeníì: Iohan de brennes came Edward fone of die duke 
of bourgoyne/ Thefe ij knyghtes bete doun puyiTaun^y Iohan de 
brennes/' vnto the tyme p l there came avenft hym Iohan peryllous 
due of Normandye/ whye'-'e r mote hym wyth r oo grete force that he 
ouerthrewe hym vndei hys hors & brake by arme & put hym in 
fuche eftate that he wyfc not whether it was day or nyght/ and ayenft 
Iohan peryllous came Anthonye a'egre fone of the due of carnes/ and 
dyd fo moche provvefie wyth his perfone that he conquerd Iohan 
peryllous and v other knyghtes -nyghty men of his partye whom he 
fmote to the erthe by force of armes/ A !ter came ageynft anthonie 
alegre Geffroy of pycardye and Hmote anthonie in iv.^hz wyfe that he 
fyl to the erthe/ & vj other itronge knyghtes of hys partye/ and 
after d)d foo meruay.Moui feates of armes/ that euery man favd that 
he had thonour of the fe de/ And thêne came fhe free knyght parys 
ayenf. geffroy beryng lowe hys fpere/ & they gaf fo grete ftrokes that 
the knyghtes and horfes wente al to therthe/ wherfor the 'cvng fayd/ 
that fythe bothe two were throwen to the erthe/ that they mold 
retorne ageyn to the louftes/ & paryj wyth a grete defyre confented/ 
and foo bothe retorned & came rennyng/ And Parys gaf to geffroy 
fo grete a ftroke/ that hys hors ilode and thenne geffroy ouerthrewe 
to the erthe/ but by caufe that the hors flode it was fayd that the 
hors was caufe that he ouerthrewe/ For moche they mayntened 

Paris Í&P Vienna. 19 

gefFroy and fayd that he was not vaynquy fined/ &that it fhold be 
wel doon that they (hold Iufte ageyn/ And by caufe that Parys was 
not knowen ther was none that mayntened hym ne fufteyned/ neuer- 
theles the kyng of fraunce knewe wel that gefFroy was vaynquyffhed 
loyally & wel/ For he had wel feen the aduenture/ & wold do no 
wronge vnto the knvght why die was of grete ftrengthe and myght/ 
and ano'-ie fente to 'rym an heraulde whyche fayd to hym in the name 
of the kynge of fraunce that the kyng had wel feen & wel knewe that 
Parys had vaynquyffhed hys knyght/ Notwythftondyng yf he wold 
yet ones retonie to the Iufte by hys noblefFe that he mold do hym 
felf grete honour And thenne Parys maad hys anfuer fayeng that 
the beaulte of my lady vyêne was fo grete that in al the world was 
none to hyr lyke that yf it pleafed the Kyng I am redy for to 
furnyffhe the Iouftes for hys loue ayenft the knyght yet another 
tyme/ and to Iufte tyl that gefFroy fbold be vavnquy fined/ & that 
was wythoute ony gaynfayeng/ & the heraulde retorned and tolde it 
to the kyng/ wherof the kyng was wel contente & fayd that the 
knyght ought to be fomme grete lord/ For he was of grete valoyr 
and puyfFaunce and fpake moche fwetely and curtoyfly/ And after 
Parys chaunged and took another hors/ whyche Edward hvs felowe 
had made redy for hym & retorned to the Iuftes/ & fmote to gyder 
wyth foo grete myght/ that by veray force gefFroy went to therthe 
vnder hys hors ryght euyl hurte/ 

THenne whan it came toward euen the Iouftes were fo grete 
thycke and ftronge that al the thre partyes as wel of one as of 
other were throwen dour to the erthe/ that there abode no moo of 
the partye of vyenne but parys allone/ and of the partye of norman- 
dye thre knyghtes ftronge and puyfFaut and they were Balaxo brother 

2 Paris & Vienna. 

of the marquys of Saluces/ Iohan fone of the erle of Armynack/ and 
phelyp of bauyere/ & of the partye of conftaunce other thre ftronge 
& myghty/ that is to wete Johan of braband ' larer neuew of the due 
of bourgeyn/ and Salamon dalanfon brother of p e counte de la marche 
and they fayd that the Iuftes ihold abyde fcy L on the morne / for they 
were moche wery/ and whan parys faw that they wold haue retorned/ 
he fewtred hys fpere/ and there cam ayenfl hvm balaxo brother of the 
marquys of faluces/ And Parys at the fyrft ftroke ftrake hym doun 
to the erthe vnder hys hors/ and in lyke wyfe dyd to the other v/ 
and moche nobly & valyauntly he wanne thonour of the Iuftes and 
of the felde/ 

C How the kyng commaunded that the thre baners wyth the iij Iewellys 
Jliold be gyuen to Parys champyon of vyenne/ 

THe Iouftes fynyfihed Parys wanne the beaute of hys lady the 
fayre vyenne/ and he was ledde to the fcaffolde where as the 
kynge was/ & the other grete lordes & knyghtes & there were dely- 
uerd to hym the thre baners & the thre Iewellys that were in them/ 
& Parys ihewed them thurgh all the felde/ in fygne that the fayd 
vyenne had goten thonour for to be the fay reft damoyfell thai; was in 
alle the world by the fame yonge knyght/ and whan Parys had the 
thre fayr baners and the thre ryche Iewellys/ he and Edward hys 
felowe departed out of the cyte of parys and oute of fraunce the 
mooft fecrete wyfe that they myght/ ÒV retorned in to dalphyne/ 
Parys retorned in to the companye of the forfayd byfihop of Saynt 
Laurence/ as he had not been at the fefte/ & alwaye he demaunded 
tydynges of the Iuftes that were made in fraunce/ and who had 
thonour of the Iouftes/ 

Paris §§P Vienna. 21 

WHan the fefte was made al the barons & knyghtes that 
were there had grete defyre to knowe who was he that fo 
valyauntlv & fo nob'y had wonne the Iourneye & the honour of the 
Iuftes for to doo to hym worihyp/ but .they coude neuer knowe 
hym/ wherof they had grete dyfp'ayfvr/ & fayd that the knygbt was 
of grete wyfedom/ by caufe he wold not be knowen/ And after this 
the barons & knyghtes took leue of the kyng/ and returned in to 
theyr londes al dvfcomforted/ by caufe they had not goten the honour 
of the fefte/ and yet were they more angry by caufe they knewe not 
to whome the honour was gyuen of the fefte ne of the Iuftes/ The 
kyng of Fraunce whyche moche loued the dolphyn made to hym 
grete fefte & moche grete honour/ And the kyng delyuerd to hym the 
crowne that the quene had gyuen/ for to gyue to hyr that ihold haue 
the honour of the Iouftes/ to thende that he ihold gyue it vnto hys 
doughter vyenne in fygne & token that ihe was the mooft fayr 
damoyfel of the world/ & whan al thys was doon/ the dolphyn and 
the fader of parys returned in to do'phyne in moche grete honour 
and grete 1 Ioye/ whan vyenne knewe that hyr fader came ihe came 
and mette hym as ihe «vas accuftomed/ Thenne whan the dolphyn 
fawe hyr/ he kyifed hyr & fette on her hede the crowne whyche the 
kynge had gyuen hym/ and tolde to hyr how ihe had gotoa the 
honour for to be .ihe mooft fayreft damoyfell of the world/ and loo 
here is the fayr crowne that the quene of fraunce r endeth to you 
in token that ye haue goten the honour/ Notwythftondyng fayr 
doughter/ that ye haue had many contrarye Lherto/ but ye haue had 
a good deffendour & ry5t ftronge and hath we! quyted hym in your 
nede/ For of eche partye were abyden thre knyghtes moche ftronge 

1 Caxton has grere 

22 Paris & Vienna. 

and puyfTaunte/ and on your partye was left but one knyght onely 
whyche vavnquy fined al the other/ wythout ony token/ and is de- 
parted alle fecretly that no mar knewe hym ne the kyng of fraunce 
hath no knowlechc of hym, but he hath borne awaye wyth hym the 
thre baners & the iij Iewel-ys that were in them & alfo the prys & 
thonour of the fefte/ wherfore fvvete & fayr doughter ve wote neuer 
to whom to gyue thankynges of fo moche honour as hath be doon 
for you but I praye to god of heuen & to the glorious vyrgyn 
marye ' that it playfe hym to gyue to hym good & honour/ love & 
excellence & in alle his feates vyctorye/ lyke as he is chyef & hede 
of al honour and of al chyualrye in thys world For I neuer fawe ne 
herde of knyght that fo gracyouily and fo curtoyily bare hym in his 
armes & in his chyualryes/ And whan vyêne herde fpeke of thefe 
tydynges/ & fawe the grete honour & prys that ihe had goten and al 
was comen by this noble knyght/ me fayd to yfabeau hvr damoyfel/ 
My fufter fayd I not to you wel but late/ that I was byloued by the 
mooil noble and valyaunt knyght of fraunce/ & by my favth my 
fwete fufter th ; s is he y fo fwetely fonge & that wanne the luftes in 
this cyte & bare with hym the iheMe of cryftal & my garlonde/ and 
went his waye fo that noo man myght knowe hym, aduyfc you wel 
fayr fufter what honour is comen to me by bis prowetfe & by his 
bounte I may wel be fory & dolant/ whan I ma} not knowe who 
he is & myn herte is moche heuy & myn entendement that I neuer 
can fynde the moyen to fee & knowe hym/ and yet ihe fayd/ Certes 
my fwete fufter yfabe?u I byleue that my dayes be morte/ & that 
I fhall deye of fomme cruel & fals deth for the grete defp ] ayfyr that 
I haue contynuel'y in my herte/ for I can none other thynge doo 
but wepe & way^e/ oc alwaye to contynue in forouful Ivf & heuy but 
none apperceyued it but onely hyr damoyfel yfabeau/ 

Paris &* Vienna. 23 

THe fader of parys whyche had ben with the dolphyn in that 
fefte had not feen there hys fone Parys wherof he had grete 
forowe in his herte for he had ittn that he was accuftomed to be in 
al noble Iuftes/ but thenne he fawe hvm goo with the byffhop of 
faynt Laurence/ and dy r pofed hym not to doo armes as he was woned/ 
wherfor he feyd to hym on a day My fone I had hoped to haue had 
in the grete confolacyon but now thou b[r]yr.geft me in to grete 
heuyneiTe and dyfplayiyr v. nan I fee that tbou wy«i: not departe from 
thys byffhop wherfor I praye the that j? a !eue hym & doo 100 that 
it may be to me playfaunt and to the honrefte Parys herde hym 
wel/ but he gaf not a word to anfuer The fader of p arys. feyng thys 
went to his fecrete felowe Edward and f?yc to hym I fee wel that 
the grete amytye &; loue that ye haue to ny fone/ and knowe ye for 
certayn that I haue 'n my hert grete melancoiye whan I remembre 
that Parys hath had grete honour & fame of cbyualrye and now I 
fee that he gooth al wyth thys byfihop and leteth hys h.vwkes his 
houndes and hors to deye r or hongre wherfore I praye you that ye 
wyl gyue me fomme coimceyî y whyebe am foo that I deye 
for forowe/ And whan ie had fa yd thefe wordes Edward had pyte 
of hym/ & comforted hym the befce wyfe he coude/ and departed 
fro hym and wente ftrayte lO hys fe-owe Parys and fayd to hym I 
knowe we) thai 'one conftrayueth the -o ítronge y that thou haft noo 
power ouer thy [elf] wherfore thy lyf may not longe endure/ And 
alfo cii) ~ade>- and thy frendes ben euy 1 contente a^enft the/ and I fay 
to the that for to be vertuous and va'yaunt it p^yfet^ mocbe to god, 
And for the loue of one woman .hou dooft moche defp'ayfyr to thy 
fader And ah r o for noo perfone what fomeuer he or ihe be/ thou 
oughteft not to lefe the wele & renomee that thou haft of chyualrye/ 

24 Paris & Vienna. 

It appyereth not in the/ that thou haft ony vertu or courage/ wher- 
fore I praye the that thou wyit do fomme thyng that it may be 
play faun £ to rh/ fader whych hath defyred & prayed me that I ihold 
foo fay to the/ whan parys had herde al this/ he anfuerd to edward 
and favd to hym/ I knowe wel that thefe thynges that thou haft fayd 
to me been vertuous &: honneft/ but they been to me greuous/ for to 
put me from the thoughtes in w ryche I am contynuelly/ Neuertheles 
I praye the that thou gyue me counceyl what is befte that I doo/ 
Thenne fayd edward it ihold wel payfe me/ yf it were thy pïayfyr 
that we ihold goo in to braband/ For it is vj monethes paifed that I 
haue not feen my lady/ & there ihall we do armes/ by which we may 
gete fame and honour/ & paris agreed therto fayeng that he was 
contente yf it playfed hym fo to do/ & Incontynent they made redy 
theyr harnoys & horfes and a"e thynges neceflarye to them/ & or 
Parys departed he put in hys chambre al the thynges & pryfes that 
he had wone by chyualryes & clofed tbem faft in his châbre/ & 
deWuerd the keye to bis moder & prayed hir moche deHy that ihe 
fhold not open it/ ne fuffre p l onv perfone ihold entre therin/ And 
after they we-.ite toward Braband/ where as they dyd grete feates of 
chyualrye & Jouftes wherof they gate grete honoure and worihyp/ 
and were moche prayfed of ladyes and damoyfel'ys/ And parys made 
countenaunce for to haue abyden in braband for the loue of edward 
but hys herte drewe vnto the fayre Vyenne/ whome he fo moche 
loued in hys herte fecretely/ 

Paris ÊP Vienna. 25 

C How Dyane and vyenne hyr daughter wenten to vyfyte the fader of 
Parys the whyche was feek/ 

N' Ow it happened that duryng thys tyme that Parys and Edward 
duelleden in Braband/ the fader of Parys fyl in to a fekeneffe 
of feures or acceife/ And the caufe came of the thought that he had 
of hys fone Parys/ And he beyng feek the doulphyn wente on a day 
to fee hym/ and demaunded the caufe of hys maladye/ and comforted 
hym the beft wyfe that he coude/ and after retorned home/ and fayd 
to hys wyf/ that it were wel doon that íhe íhold goo fee and vyfyte 
meflyre Iaques whyche was feke/ And forthwyth Incontynent my 
lady dyane/ hyr doughter Vyenne and yfabeau hyr damoyfel wyth a 
grete companye wente to the caftel of Syr Iaques/ and falewed hym 
moche nobly as it wel apperteyned/ &: the beft wyfe that they myght 
C And whan they were in the chambre where meflŷre Iaques was and 
laye/ Dame dyane demaunded hym of his fekeneife And meifire 
Iaques fayd that al hys dyfeafe came for hys fone Parys/ by caufe 
he lofte fo hys tyme/ and that he went alway wyth the byffhop of 
Saynt laurence/ wherof I fere me that he ihal become a man of rely- 
gyon/ I haue no moo chyldren but hym/ I wote not what I ihall doo 
wyth the goodes that god hath gyuen to me/ And my lady dyane 
comforted hym and fayd that hys fone was moche wel byloued of the 
doulphyn/ & that he had moche grete amytye of many grete lordes/ 
barons & knyghtes/ & alfo fhe fayd that emong al thynges he mold 
ordeyne for hys helthe/ & after all thys the moder of parys prayed 
hyr that it myght playfe hyr to come fee the caftel/ and fhe anfuerd 
that fhe moche defyred it Thenne the moder of parys fhewed hir al 
the caftel/ & ledde hir in to an halle al ful of armes and abylemens 


2 6 Paris & Vienna. 

of warre for to fyght in batayll/ After ihe ladde hyr in to another 1 halle 
where as were many hawkes/ faulcens/ and many other fowles of 
chace/ And after in to many other halles & chambres rychely arayed 
whyche were ouer longe to reherce/ And after the moder of Parys 
ihevved vnto hyr the chambre of Parys where that he ilepte/ wherin 
were many abylments/ whyche fhold wel fuffyfe p e chambre of a grete 
prynce And in the fayd chambre were two grete ftandardes couerd 
after the guyfe of Fraunce/ That one was ful of clothe of gold and 
fylke/ and that other of harnoys and of many other thynges/ Thenne 
fayd Vyenne to yfabeau/ by my fayth fayr fyfter I haue noo grete 
meruaylle of thys yonge knyght Parys though of hym be maad grete 
mencyon/ For thordynaunce of thyfe thynges ihewe wel that he is 
of grete valure/ And in byholdyng of thefe thynges ihe fawe a couerture 
of an hors alle whyte/ And hyr femed that it was the fame that the 
knyght bare that wanne the prys of the Iouftes that was made in the 
cyte of Vyenne/ and that had the ihelde of cryftal & the garlond 
whych ihe tolde to yfabeau And yfabeau anfuerd to hyr/ neuer thynke 
ye foo/ For all day been made femalable 2 couertures and tokenes 
whyte/ wherof ye may wel be deceyued/ Vyenne enforced alle waye 
hyr felf to tuke 3 better hede/ and of the grete Ioye that ihe had ihe 
fayd to hyr moder/ Madame I am a lytel crafed and fodeynly taken/ 
wherfore yf it playfe you I wold fayne refte a lytel in this chambre/ 
and late me be alle allone wyth my fufter yfabeau/ for I wyl haue 
none other/ and anone eche body auoyded oute of the chambre/ and 
yfabeau dyd ihytte the dore that none myght come in/ C Thenne 
fayd vyenne now we ihal fee yf we may fynde ony thynge that we may 
haue better knowleche of/ For myn herte fayth yes/ After that they 

J Caxton has anothrr. 2 Query femblable. 3 Query take. 

Paris âf Vienna. 27 

had ferched and vyfyted alle the chambre/ they cam on a fyde of the 
chambre where they fonde a lytel dore/ of whyche henge a lytel keye 
by a thwonge/ and anone they opened the dore and entred therin 
And there was a lytel chambre whyche was xij foot longe/ and was 
an oratorye/ where as was the magefte of our Lord Ihefu Cryft vpon 
a lytel aulter and at eche corner was a can[del]ftyke of fyluer/ and 
thyder cam Parys for to make hys facrefyfe whan he aroos/ and 
whan he wente to hys bedde/ 

C And there were the thre baners that the noble knyght Parys 
had wonne in the cyte of Parys/ And the thre Iewellys of the 
thre damoyfelles aforefayd/ And in the fame place was alfo the 
ihelde of Cryftal and the garlond that Vyenne delyuerd to hym 
whan he wane the prys at the Iouftes in the cyte of vyenne/ And all 
thefe he kepte fecrete in that place/ And whan vyenne fawe thefe 
thynges/ fhe was fure that Parys was he whome ihe had fo moche 
defyred to knowe/ and that foo moche honour had doon to hyr/ 
and for the grete Ioye that fhe had/ fhe fette hyr doun on the 
grounde/ and there abode a grete whyle/ and coude not fpeke a word/ 
And after fhe fpake to yfabeau/ & fayd my fwete fyfter/ bleíïyd and 
preyfed be our lord of thys good Iourney/ For me thynketh I ihold 
neuer departe oute of thys chambre/ Alas I haue fo longe abyden to 
knowe/ who he was that fo fwetely played in his Inftrumentes fo 
nygh vnto me/ and now he is fo ferre/ & thenne yfabeau began to 
repreue hyr and fayd to hyr/ Swete lady Í praye you that ye fay ne 
do ony thyng whiche myght torne you to folye/ and be ye ruled by 
wyfedom and reafon/ For not wythftondyng that parys haue fo moche 
good & vertues/ yet ye ought to confyder that he is not egal to you 
in lygnage ne in eftate/ For I knowe wel that many noble & puyiTaunt 
lordes haue demaunded you in maryage/ & loue you & do grete 

28 Paris êf Vienna. 

thynges for you/ and alfo thonour of Parys whyche is your vayflal 
and fubget is not egall ne worthy vnto you/ C Thenne vyenne 
was moche angry on yfabeau and began to fay/ A veray god I am 
wel dyfcomforted and deceyued by the/ that thus agayn fayeft me 
of hym that I fo longe haue defyred to knowe/ Alas I had fuppofed 
that in noo thyng ye wold haue dyfplayfed me/ And in good fayth 
I fay to the/ that this man I wyl loue and demaunde/ and I promyfe 
the in good fayth/ that yf thou ony more gaynfaye me I ihal flee my 
felf/ and thenne thou fhalt be caufe of my deth/ For I wyl not lefe 
hym that I haue fo longe loued/ but I fay to the for trouthe/ that yf 
thou euer fay to me fuche wordes of my frende parys/ that thou fhalt 
neuer after haue fpace to fay them ageyn another tyme/ for yf thou 
confydereft wel hys noble condycyons and cuftommes/ thou iholdeft 
preyfe hym better than thou dooft/ And knoweft thou not wel that 
the kyng of fraùce wold that it had cofte hym half hys Royame that 
hys fone Lowys were as valyaunte as parys is/ C And alfo there 
be many notable lordes that defyre to knowe his name/ and to haue 
hys amytye/ 

C Thenne take hede and byholde by my fayth yf euer thou fawe man 
that myght be compared to hym/ certaynly alle vertues been in hym/ 
And fythe that fortune hath brought me to hys loue/ he is worthy to 
haue my loue/ and yet more than is in me/ And haue I not reafon 
& caufe thêne to loue hym/ whyche hath doon to me fo grete good 
and honour and doubtyng noo peryl of hys perfone/ and is it not wel 
grete worihyp to my fader to haue for vaiííal and fubget the befte 
knyght that is in all the world For in alle the world is noo knyght 
that I wold forfake parys fore/ ne oone that hath doon fo moche for 
me/ And thus to fpeke of the feates of Parys fhe doude 1 not ftynte/ 

1 Query coude. 

Paris ê? Vienna. 29 

ft Thenne came two damoyfelles knockyng at the chambre dore 
fayeng/ Vyenne ye muft come to my lady/ And yfabeau fprange 
oute fayeng that ihe ihold come anone/ And vyêne feyng that ihe 
muil nedes departe fro thens fayd to yfabeau/ My fufter fyth we 
muft departe hens late vs take fomme of thefe Iewellys/ and we ihal 
kepe them fecretly tyl that Ptrys 1 be comen and we ihal fee what 
countenaunce he ihal make in hym felf C Thenne they took the 
colyer and the whyte baner of vyenne and other Iewellys and hydde 
them vnder theyr clothes/ and wente in to the chambre of meifyre 
laques/ but vyenne defyred gretely to fpeke with paris and thought 
longe or he came home/ And in the mene whyle mefïire laques re- 
couerd of his maladye and bycam alle hool wherof Vyenne had grete 
Ioye but ihe durft not ihewe it/ 

ft How Parys and Edward returned oute of brabandj 

AFter certeyn tyme that Parys had be in Braband wyth hys 
felowe Edward/ he defyred ftrongely to fee the fayr vyenne/ 
For the loue of hyr deftrayned hym moche ftrongly/ ft Neuertheles 
he durft not telle it to hys felowe/ to thende that he /hold take noo 
dyfplayfyr of hys departyng/ And fone after the fpace of v dayes 
Parys receyued a letter that hys fader was feek/ & thêne he fayd to 
Edward/ Ryght dere brother & felowe/ plefeth it you to wete that 
my fader is fore feke/ & me femeth it were good that we departed 
yf ye confente but I praye you that ye take noo defplayfyr 2 in thys 
departyng/ for yf it playfe god we ihal fone retorne/ And edward 
feyng the Iufte reafon of Parys and hys good wylle/ fayd to hym that 

1 Query Parys. 2 Caxton has defplayryr. 

30 Paris ^f Vienna. 

he was wel content & plefyd/ wherfore Incontynente they departed 
oute of braband and came in to the cyte of vyenne/ of vvhos comyng 
mertyr Iaques had fouerayn playfyr fpecyally/ by caufe he had herde 
that Parys hys fone had doon valyauntly feates of armes/ ÍT Now 
it happed that whan Parys was arryued at home wyth hys fader lyke 
as he was accuftomed/ Allewaye to fore or he wente to hys bedde/ he 
wente to make hys oryfons and prayers/ and after he aduyfed yf he 
lacked ony thynge/ and fonde that tho thynges that he loued befte 
were taken awaye/ wherof he was moche angry/ and quaii half in 
defpayr in fuche wyfe that alle the nyght he coude not ilepe And 
whan it came in the mornyng he came to hys moderand fayd/ Moder 
how is it that ye haue not kepte my châbre cloos and fhytte/ For I 
lacke certayn thynges whyche I wold not gladly lefe/ and haue for 
them grete dyfplayfir/ To whom hys moder anfuerd/ My fone by 
my fayth there neuer entred therin perfone/ but on a tyme whan 
your fader was feek came my lady dyane and hyr doughter vyenne/ 
and whan they had vyfyted your fader/ they wente al aboute for to 
fee thys cartel/ and thenne they entred in to your chambre/ But I can 
not thynke that they took ony thyng for they taryed not longe/ fauf 
onely vyenne whyche taryed onely allone fauf hyr damoyfel/ by caufe 
ihe was euyl at eafe at hyr hert/ wherfore my fone I praye you to 
take noo dyfplayfyr/ And thenne Parys fayd to hym felf/ yf none 
other theef haue taken it fauf ihe I ihal not be dyfcouerd/ Neuer- 
theles I wote neuer yf Vyenne hath taken it awaye for ony thynge/ 
C And after he arayed hym felf and cladde hym moche nobly/ & 
wente to do the reuerence to the daulphyn/ and to dame Dyane/ 
And after to Vyenne theyr doughter/ And the dolphyn receyued 
hym moche curtoyíly/ C And the daulphyn demaunded hym 
tydynges and of many other thynges/ 

Paris Sf Vienna, 3 1 

C And whan the fayre lady Vyenne fawe parys of the grete defyre 
that ihe had to fee hym/ and of the grete loue that ihe bare to hym/ 
alle hyr chere was coloured lyke a frefihe rofe in the monthe of 
Maye/ and coude not be contcnte ne fylled to beholde hyr fayre loue 
and frende Parys/ And the more ihe byhelde hym/ the more grewe 
and encreaced hyr loue toward hym ÍE And Parys beyng tofore the 
dolphyn on his knee moche humbly durft not loke on Vyenne/ But 
in hys herte he had grete payne/ And who had wel byholden hym/ 
had wel feen in his vyfage hys thought/ And after that the dolphyn 
had demaunded hym of that it plafed hym Parys took leue of the 
dolphyn and of my lady dyane & of vyenne theyr doughter & returned 
home to hys faders hous/ 

AFter a fewe dayes Vyenne in fuche wyfe as loue deftrayned hyr 
faid to hyr damoyfel yfabeau/ my fufter knowe ye for trouth 
that me femeth that parys is moche penfyf/ and I byleue that it is for 
hys thynges whyche he fyndeth not in his oratory e/ me femeth it is 
beile that we lete hym haue knowleche that we haue them/ Ifabeau 
aniuerd/ it were wel doon foo/ but that it be doon honeftly and 
fecretely/ Thenne fayd vyenne I ihal aduyfe the manere After 
certeyn dayes vyenne fayd to hyr moder/ Madame I lete you wete 
that I am a lytel charged in my confcyence/ & I wold fayn confeiTe 
me to fomme good perfone/ And it is tolde me that the byfihop of 
faynt laurence is a moche honeft man & deuoute/ wherfore madame 
I praye you to fende for hym Y I myght fpeke wyth hym/ And my 
lady dyane feyng the good wylle of hyr doughter fente for to fetche 
the byfihop/ And vyenne confeifyd hyr to hym moche deuoutely 
fpekyng alwaye of our lord & of hys commaundementes/ & after that 
ihe was confeifyd/ ihe prayed p e byfihop that he wold come ageyn 

2 2 Paris & Vienna. 

on the morne/ for ihe fonde grete comforte in his wordes/ & that ihe 
wold telle hym fomme thynges in grete fecrete/ And on the morne 
the byfihop came ageyn to vyenne/ & vyêne fayd to hym thus/ 
My ghooftly fader fomme thynges haue been taken away in a place/ 
the whiche longen to parys fone of meíTyre Iaques/ And the perfone 
that hath them hath therof confcyence/ And therfore I praye you as 
moche as I may/ that by your benygnyte ye fay to hym that yf he 
may/ he come to morne hyther wyth you/ & the byfihop whyche 
aduyfed hym noo thyng of thentencyon and thought of vyêne faid 
that he fhold brynge hym wythoute faute/ 

C How vyenne dyjcouuerd hyr courage to Parys 

ON the morne the byfihop came moche dylygently & brought 
parys wyth hym/ And vyenne falewed parys wythoute to 
make ony femblaunte of loue/ and parys rendred hys falewes 
ageyn moche humbly/ And thenne Vyenne wythdrewe hyr fro the 
byfihop and the other/ and faid to parys It is not longe fythe ye 
were goon in to braband/ and that I accompanyed my lady my 
moder for to goo vyfyte your fader whyche thenne was feek/ & we 
fawe and byhelde al the cartel vntyl we came to your oratorye & 
there I fawe certayn Iewellys whyche moche wel pleafed me and I 
took them & haue kepte them vntyl thys prefent tyme/ And I lhal 
now rendre them to you ageyn/ & therfor I praye you that yf I haue 
doon ony dyfplayfyr or maad ony defaulte that ye wyl pardonne me/ 
for I promyfe to you by my fayth that I haue doon it for none euyl/ 
To whome parys anfwerd humbly and wyth grete reuerence & fayd 
moche curtoyily/ Madame by your curtofye ye came to vyfyte my 
fader/ of whyche vyfytacyon not onely my fader/ but alle our frendes 

Paris âf Vienna. 33 

haue receyued grete & fouerayn honour/ wherfore myn excellent 
lady/ my fader/ my moder/ and I been alle youres/ and alle that we 
haue alfo/ And yf by aduenture your ladyfhyp had ony playfyr to 
take of my Iewellys/ I enfure you by my fayth/ that myn hert hath 
therin moche gretter playfyr thâ hert of man may thynke and yet 
more {hold haue yf the fayd Iewellys were better the half than they 
be/ Soo thenne I praye you ryght honourable damoyfel that ye wyl 
pardòne me For not al onely thefe Iewelles whyche been of lytel 
valewe but my fader my moder and I been al youres/ and al redy to 
obeye to your feruyce/ and knowe ye verayly that it is not longe 
fythen/ that the fayd Iewels were by a frenfihe knyght gyuen to me/ 

THenne fayd Vyenne ye nede not to fay to me fro whens thefe 
Iewels ben comen/ For I knowe them as wel as ye/ And 
vyenne fayd/ I meruaylle me gretely how ye fo longe haue hydde 
your loue fro me/ I praye you as moche as I may/ and by the fayth 
that ye haue toward me that ye fay to me the trouthe of that whyche 
I ihal demaunde you/ for moche I defyre it to knowe/ <[ Thenne 
fayd Parys ryght honourable damoyfel/ ye ought not to praye me/ 
where ye haue power to commaunde me/ For alle that/ your lady- 
fhyp ihal plefe to demaunde me/ I ihal fay to you the trouth wyth 
good hert & good wylle/ Thenne fayd vyenne I wyl fyrft that ye fay 
the trouthe/ that yf ye were he/ that in fuche a yere cam euery nyght 
fyngyng and fownyng Inftrumentes fo fwetely tofore my chambre/ 
After I wyl that ye telle me yf ye wane the Iuftes that were made the 
fyrft day of may in this cyte/ And yf ye bare awaye the ihelde of 
cryftal and the chapelet whyche I haue feen in your oratorye/ After 
I wyl that ye fay to me/ yf ye wanne the Iuftes the xviij day of 
feptembre whyche were made in the cyte of parys/ where as were fo 

34- Paris fef Vienna. 

many noble knyghtes & barons/ & yf ye had goten there the iij 
baners whyche I haue feen in your oratorye/ & I praye you that ye 
telle to me/ yf ye haue doon to me fuche feruyce/ for fuche thynges 
ye ought not to hyde/ And yf by aduenture ye haue doon them for 
the loue of my fader or of hys courte/ we be moche holden to you & 
be boûden to thanke you/ And yf by aduenture for ony lady or for the 
loue of me ye haue doon it/ I thanke you as moche as I may/ and it 
is wel reafon that ye therfore be rewarded/ And yet fayd Vyenne to 
Parys/ knowe ye for trouthe/ that it is long fythe that I haue defyred 
to knowe/ & yet defyre ftrongely to knowe it/ wherfore yf ye wyl do 
me ony playfyr/ I praye you that ye fay to me the trouthe/ wythout 
leuyng of ony onely thynge or word/ 

THêne fayd parys moche humbly with grete fhamefartnes that 
he had to vtter the folye that he had enterpryfed/ Ryght 
honourable and fayr lady I am not worthy to be named hym whiche 
hath doon thys/ whyche it hath pleafed you to demaunde of me/ but 
notwythftondyng that I be a man of lytel eftate I humbly fupplye you 
that in caas ye ihal fynde dyfplayfyr in my wordes that it playfe you 
to pardonne me/ and that ye take noo dyfplayfyr in that I ihal fay/ 
for your noblefie ihal not be the lafTe in valure/ For my caas enfor- 
ceth me to fay that/ whyche is to me folye to thynke/ Thenne Parys 
al ihamefait and in grete reuerence knelyng vpon hys knee fayd/ 
Ryght worihypful damoyfel parys your Indigne feruaunt is he of 
whome ye haue fpoken & demaunded/ & ihal to you obeye and 
feme in al thynges that ye haue me demaunded/ For fythe that I 
haue had ony rememberaunce/ my wylle & my thought hath be fub- 
myfed to your perfone and ihal be as longe as I ihal lyue/ Thenne 
fayd vyenne/ Parys my fwete frende it is not now tyme that I make 

Paris Êf Vie?iria. 35 

anfuer to your wordes/ for it ihold be ouerlonge to recounte/ But 
that not wythftondyng I wyl wel that ye knowe that your loue 
deftrayneth me To ftrongely/ that there is no thynge in the world 
thnt I loue foo moche as you/ wherfore abyde in good hope 
Ioyouily/ for yf it playfe god ye ihal fee that thys whyche I fay ihal 
be trewe/ Thenne fayd parys/ Madame who may thynke the Ioyouite 
in whyche I am by your anfuer whiche is to me ryght fwete/ For I 
neuer fuppofed to haue had fo fwete an anfuer of you/ but for to haue 
endured in payne & in languyfihyng/ For not onely to me/ but vnto 
a kyng ihold be ouer moche to haue your loue/ & I praye god that 
I may doo fuche thynges as may be to you playfaunt/ and that I 
neuer lyue to do to you thynge that ihold defplayfe you/ ne torne 
you to melancolye/ & thus departed that one fro that other in gretter 
loue than tofore/ and took terme to fee eche other ageyn as haftely 
as they myght/ and vyenne returned more Ioyouily than ihe fhewed/ 
and wente in to hyr moders chambre/ and after the byffhop departed/ 
& parys accompanyed hym vnto his paleys and took leue of hym/ 
& returned home vnto hys faders lodgyng/ & after tolde to edward 
hys felowe/ alle the parlament that he had had wyth vyenne/ & 
Edward fayd to hym/ fayre brother and frende/ herein is no Iape ne 
truffes/ but I praye you that ye do your thynges fecretly for there 
ben many falfe tonges And Vyenne was moche more Ioyous than 
ihe had ben accuftomed/ and Parys alfo/ And the fayd Parys & 
edward hys felowe made grete chyualryes & dyd grete armes/ whyche 
were moche playfaunt to the fayre vyenne/ Thenne it happed that 
after certeyn tyme feyng the dolphyn that hys dough ter was come to 
xv yere of age/ treated for to gyue to hyr an hufbond/ And many 
tymes he had ben requyred of many noble prynces but by caufe he 
had but hyr onely and no moo fones ne doughters/ vnnethe he wold 

36 Paris S§f Vienna, 

confente And in treatyng thus of maryage Parys herde fomme 
thynges wherof he was fore ennoyed in hym felf/ and thought/ why 
thynke not I to haue this noble lady whyche is fo moche defyred of 
fo many noble prynces & barons/ and fore bewaylled hym felf/ and 
dyd foo moche that he fpake to vyenne and fayd/ O fwete Vyenne/ 
where is your fayr and agreable promeiTe that ye made to me whan 
I departed fro you and how may it be/ that your fader fpeketh for 
to marye you/ 

WHan vyenne herde Parys fpeke in thys manere/ ihe fayd to 
hym parys yf my fader fpeke to me of maryage/ it is noo 
grete meruaylle/ for I may not deffende hym/ Neuertheles I haue 
not confented to ony maryage/ And ye knowe wel that maryage is 
nothyng worth/ wythout the confentyng of bothe partyes/ wherfore 
I praye you to be contente/ for I promyfe to you that I fhal neuer 
haue man in manage but you/ and I wold that it fhold be ihortly 
accomplyfihed yf it pleafed god/ honeftly & Iuftly and not in fynne 
ne in ordure/ Therfore I wyl that ye aíïaye one thynge/ which 
fhal be moche dyffycyle to doo and ryght peryllous/ but neuertheles 
it byhoueth that it be doon/ thêne fayd Parys/ honourable lady/ that 
whyche fhal playfe you to commaunde me/ I fhal accompliffhe it 
with good hert though I fhold deye/ & thenne fayd Vyenne/ I wyl 
that Incontynent ye fay to your fader/ that he goo to my lord my 
fader/ and requyre hym that he gyue me in maryage to you/ and 
that herein ther be no deffaute/ & whan Parys herde the wylle & 
defyre of vyenne/ he was quaii al abafihed & fayd/ Ryght honourable 
lady & how/ wyl ye that I deye thus/ I praye you yf it playfe you/ 
that it be not doo/ Thenne vyêne fayd fette ye fo lytel by me/ that 
ye wyl not enterpryfe this/ Alas where is your entendement/ Certes 

Paris S§f Vienna. 37 

it muft nedes be doon/ Jncontynent Parys anfuerd/ worihypfull 
lady/ fythe it playfeth you/ I fhal accomplyffhe your cômandement 
though I (hold deye therfore an hondred thoufand tymes & thus took 
leue of vyenne and wente to hys fader Incontynent and fayd to hym/ 
Dere fader alwaye ye haue (hewed to me grete loue/ wherfore I by- 
feche almy3ty god that he rewarde you lyke as I defyre/ Dere & 
honourable fader I wold praye you of one thynge/ and by caufe it is 
doubtous I wyl that ye promyfe it to me tofore I fay it to you/ for 
ellys I wyl not fay it vnto you/ & hys fader fayd to hym/ My fone 
there is nothyng in the world that I may doo for the/ but I fhal 
accomplyfihe it by the grace of god/ therfor fay to me thy playfyr 
& wylle/ & thenne parys tolde to hys fader a parte of the pryuete 
and promeiTe that he had wyth vvenne/ by caufe he mold wyth the 
better wylle doo that/ whyche he wold requyre hym/ Thenne fayd 
parys to his fader/ the prayer that I praye & requyre you is/ that it 
playfe you to fay to the dolphyn/ that he gyue to me hys doughter 
to wyf and in maryage/ And I humbly byfeche you that herein ye 
wyl not faylle me/ & meffire Iaques heryng hys fone thus fpeke/ 
almooft he was fro hym felf for the grete folye p l he fayd to hym/ & 
he fayd in repreuyng hym that he neuer (hold fpeke more of that 
fayte/ for he wold not deye for hys doughter/ and that he ihold de- 
maunde of hym fomme other thynge/ for it were grete folye to fpeke 
to hym of fuche a thynge/ And parys fayd worihypful fader/ as 
moche peryllous is it to me as to you/ therfor I am not abaffhed 
thugh ye reffufed to doo it/ But loue enforceth and conftreyneth me 
fo ftrongely/ that I am half confufed/ and am as wel contente that he 
do it not/ as to doo it/ but that ye do your deuoyr onely/ and fo 
longe parys prayed hys fader/ that he ' promyfed hym to doo it/ 

1 Caxton has be. 

3 8 Paris Sf Vienna. 

C flow mejjìre Iaques demanded of the doulphyn hys daughter vyenne 
in maryage for hys /one Parysj 

Henne went meíîìre Iaques to the dolphyn all chaunged of 
X colour and fayd to hym/ My ryght redoubted and fouerayn 
lord a certeyn requefte is made to me/ whyche I muft fay vnto you/ 
the vvhiche me femeth is of pafTyng lytel reafon/ and therfore it muft 
be at your mercy/ and in caas ye fynde therin dyfplayfyr/ that ye 
pardonne me/ and to take noo regarde to my grete folye/ The doul- 
phyn truftyng in the grete wyfedom of meíîìre Iaques graûted hym 
to fay what fomeuer he wold/ Thenne fayd meffire Iaques/ Myn hye 
and fouerayn lord/ Parys my fone hath prayed me fo moche that I 
mold requyre of you vyenne your doughter to be hys wyf/ the 
vvhiche thynge is not onely to fay/ but alfo to thynke grete prefump- 
fyon and grete folye/ but the loue of my fone conftrayneth me foo 
ftrongely/ that by force I muft fay it to you/ And fodeynly the 
doulphyn was moeued in grete felonnye/ and wold not fuffre hym to 
ende hys wordes/ but repreued hym moche hardly fayeng/ vylayne 
& vafTal that thou arte/ how kepeft thou my worihyp/ by god I ihal 
wel chaftyfe you/ that ye ihal neuer thynke fuche thynges/ and co- 
maunded hym that Incontynent he ihold departe thens/ and that 
neuer he ne hys fone ihold come in hys fyght/ wherfore meffire 
Iaques departed thens moche rebuked holdyng doun hys heed/ and 
returned in to hys hous/ & tolde to hys fone Parys al that had be fayd 
and doon bytwene hym & the Doulphyn/ wherof Parys thanked 
moche hys fader/ 

Paris & Vienna. 39 

He doulphyn wente in grete thou5t thurgh the paleys hauyng 
grete Indygnacyon and alle angry in Too moche that none durft 
fpeke to hym ne come in his waye/ and he beyng thus in thys manere 
he fente for his doughter vyêne & made hyr to come to hym/ and 
fayd to hyr/ we haue had wordes of grete dyfplayfyr/ Thys vyllayne 
mefìyre Iaques hath fayd to vs that we mold gyue you to wyf and in 
maryage to hys fone Parys/ Aduyfe you what wyfedom it were/ by 
god or that I mold do it/ I wold rather make you a nonne or a 
menchon/ & it fhal not be longe to/ but that ye ihal be hyely 
maryed/ fo that ye ihal holde you contente/ & here I fwere to you 
that yf it were not for the grete feruyces that he hath doon to me 
Incontynent I mold do fmyte of hys hede/ & whan vyenne fawe hyr 
fader in fo grete angre ayenft meflyre Iaques & hys fone/ ihe fente 
for to feche Edward for to come fpeke to hyr/ & whan Edward was 
come Vyenne fayd to hym/ Edward it is foo that my fader is moche 
angry ayenft meifire Iaques & ayenft parys wherof I haue grete dyf- 
playfyr & haue grete doubte that my fader wyl do fomme harme to 
Parys/ & therfore I wyl that ye fay to hym/ that he kepe hym felf 
in the mooft fecreteft wyfe that he may/ and I fhal alfo fee the 
manere yf I may appeafe his felonnye and angre/ Thenne edward 
Incontynent took leue of vyenne/ & went & fayd to paris all that 
vyenne had fayd to hym & fayd fayr brother/ me femeth that it were 
good that ye departed oute of this contrey for to abfente you for a 
fpace of tyme For it may be that to the doulphyn ihal longe endure 
hys angre/ as I vnderftonde by that whyche vyenne hath fayd to me/ 
Thenne anfuerd Parys/ fythe that ye haue counceylled me foo I ihal 
fo do/ not wythftondyng that it fhal be to me a forouful & an heuy 
departyng/ but er I departe I fhal take leue of Vyenne though I 
fhold deye/ 

Ao Paris & Vienna. 

THenne Parys dyd Too moche that he fpake vnto vyenne on a 
derke nyght at a lowe wyndowe/ where as they myght wel fay 
what they wold/ I am certeyn fayd vyenne that my fader hath wylle 
to hurte you/ wherof I lyue in grete melancolye/ For in al the world 
is no thynge that I loue fo moche as you/ & yf by aduenture ye 
deye I wyl not lyue/ Thenne fayd parys/ honourable l lady it femeth 
me befte that I departe fro hens a certeyn tyme tyl my lord your fader 
be more peafed & hath paffed hys euyll wylle/ how be it/ that it ihal 
be to me a moche forouful thynge to wythdrawe me fro you/ For 
my lyf ihal be moche heuy/ Neuertheles I fhal accomplyffhe your 
wylle in alle that ye ihall commaunde me/ what fomeuer come therof/ 
And vyêne feyng the good wylle of parys after many wordes ihe fayd 
to hym/ Parys my frende I knowe well the grete loue that ye bere to 
me/ & fythe it fo is/ I fwere to you by my fayth/ that ye ihal neuer 
departe fro thys cyte wythoute that I goo wyth you/ For it is my 
wylle/ wherfore afibne as ye may/ make you redy of al thynges 
necefTarye/ and fynde ye the manere that we may efcape oute of the 
royame of fraunce/ and that we may goo in to fomme other lord- 
fhyppe/ where as we may lyue Ioyoufly and furely Neuertheles 
tofore or we departe from hens I wyl that ye promyfe two thynges/ 
The fyrft is/ that ye touche not my body vnto the tyme that we be 
lawfully maryed/ The fecond is that yfabeau parte in al the goodes that 
we ihal haue/ and other thynge wyl I not as for thys prefent tyme/ 
but that onely our departyng may be ihortely/ and I ihal pourueye 
fomme Iewels & money for our neceíìyte/ and al thys Parys pro- 
myfed to hyr/ and eche departed fro other for tadreiTe fuche thynges 
as to them ihold be necefTarye/ 

1 Caxton has honourable. 

Paris & Vienna. 41 

WHan Parys was departed fro vyenne he wente to a man named 
george and fayd to hym/ George my frende alvvaye I haue 
fruited in you/ and haue alwaye loued you/ wherfore I praye you 
now that to thys that I ihal fay you ye faylJe me not/ for I pro- 
myfe you ye ihal not lefe therby/ and George prom y fed to hym 
to doo al that ihal be to hym poifyble wyth ryght good hert/ 
& thenne Parys fayd to hym/ knowe ye for cartayn that I haue 
wrath & rancour to a man of thys toune for certayn defplayfyr 
that he hath doon to me/ wherfor I wyl flee hym/ and Incon- 
tynent as I haue flayne hym/ I wyl departe out of the royame 
of Fraunce/ wherfore I praye you Y ye wyl goo to Aygues 
mortes/ & that ye there make redy a galeye furnyffhed of al thynges 
neceffarye tyl that we be arryued there as we wold be/ And alio I 
praye you that ye doo ordeyne fro hens to aygues mortes fro v myle 
to v myle alwaye good horfes redy to thende that we may furely re- 
freffhe vs yf it be nede/ & alfo I wyl that ye do thys as fecretly as 
ye may 7 / and loo here is money ynough for to furnyfihe thefe fayd 
thynges/ George fayd/ I ihal doo al thys gladly/ And Incontynent 
made hym redy/ & whan he came to aygues mortes he hyred a 
galeye/ and eitablifihed al the paflages/ and dyd wel al that parys 
had charged hym/ & came ageyn/ and tolde to parys how he had 
pourueyed al that he had charged hym/ wherof parys was moche 
Ioyous/ & anone parys wente and tolde to Vyenne that alle thynges 
that ihe had comaunded were doon And thêne they concluded 
that the nexte nyght folowyng that at a certeyn houre eche of them 
ihold be redy/ thêne he took leue of hyr and wente home/ and bad 
George to take two hors out of hys (table/ and that he íhold fadle 
them and abyde hym wythoute the cyte in a certayn place tyl he ihold 

• G 

42 Pa?' is ÊP Vienna. 

come/ & Edward the felowe of Parys wyfte noo thynge of alle thys/ 
vvherof he was moche abafihed and meruayllouily angry whan that 
he knewe it/ 

C How parys ladde awaye vyenne and yjabeau by nyghtj 

WHan Parys was pourueyed of money and of al other thynges 
beyng to them neceflarye/ he wente allone the fecreteft wyfe 
Y he my3t and came to the place empryfed at the houre taken/ and 
he made a tokene whiche vyenne knewe And anone vyenne and 
yfabeau cladde them in mannes araye & lepen oute of p e caftel by 
a fauce porte/ and fo came thefe two damoyfelles to the place 
where as parys was allone/ whyche awayted vpon theyr comyng/ & 
Incontynent they departed and went where as theyr horfes were 
whom they took & rode as fafte as they myght/ and george rode 
alwaye tofore by caufe to knowe vvel the waye/ and whyles they thus 
rode/ aroos a frorme wyth a grete rayne whyche endured tyl on the 
morne at nyght/ and thenne they arryued nygh vnto a lytel towne/ 
but they entred not by caufe they wold not be knowen/ and wente & 
lodged them in a lytel chyrche nygh vnto the toun/ where they 
fonde a chapelayn whiche receyued them gladly the beit wyfe he 
myght/ & thenne whan the nyght came Parys and the chapelayn 
ilepte in a lytel hous Ioynyng to the chyrche/ George and parys 
feruaunte ilepten in the ftable with the beftes/ And vyenne and 
yfabeau íîepten in the chyrche/ and in the mornyng erly they wente 
Jyghtly to horfback/ & rode tyl they came nyghe vnto a ryuer/ 
whyche was ryfen hye by caufe of the rayne that had fallen/ Thenne 
parys was moche angry by caufe he fawe wel that it was moche 
peryllous/ &" fayd to George/ that he ihold ferche & aduyfe fomme 

Paris ílf Vienna. 43 

good place where they myght paife ouer/ & george wythdrewe hym 
a lytel from them/ and chaas a place whiche thought hym good/ and 
took the ryuer wyth hys hors/ And whan he was in the myddes of 
the ftreme hys hors faylled hym that he was drowned and hys hors 
alfo/ C Farys feyng that george was drowned was moche fore 
abafihed/ and durft make noo femblaunte/ by caufe that fayre vyenne 
ihold haue noo melancolye/ And after Vyenne demaunded of Parys 
where george was bycomen/ and parys anfwerd to hyr/ that he had 
fent hym for to ferche fomme good paffage/ and they wold torne in 
to the chyrche ageyn tyl George were comen/ And vyenne anfuerd 
to hym that it playfed to hyr wel foo to doo/ For ihe had grete 
doubte and fere for to paiTe the water/ IT And whan they were in 
the chyrche/ Parys was moche aferde to abyde longe in that place/ for 
he fawe that it was not fure/ wherfore he demaunded the chapelayn/ 
yf they myght in ony wyfe paiTe that water/ And the chapelayn fayd 
not in thre dayes tyl the water were decreced and aualed/ 

C And parys fayd to hym that he ihold goo in to the towne to 
feche and fee yf he myght fynde ony men that wold make a brydge 
foo that they my3t paiTe And that he ihold fpare for no money/ 
For I ihal paye to them as moche as they wyl haue/ & the chapelayn 
fayd that he mold doo hys befte/ Thus dyd Parys noo thynge but 
thynke how they myght paiTe the ryuer/ Now leue we Parys and 
torne we to the doulphyn/ whych had loft his fayre doughter vyenne/ 

C How the doulp\Ji\yn dyd doo ferche and feche vyenne by hys feruauntesj 

ON the morne that vyêne was lofte & departed fro the hous of 
hyr fader/ & that the doulphyn knewe it/ he fuppofed to 
haue goon oute of hys wytte/ & al the courte was troubled/ & fente 

44 Paris &* Vieitna. 

haftely men on horfback & a fote by dyuers partyes the mooft 
fecretely that he myght/ & prayed them that they ihold brynge 
home to hym vyenne quyck or dede/ It happed by aduêture that 
one of his men a fote that was fente to feche Vyenne came in to the 
towne where as the chapelayn was comen to feche men to make the 
brydge/ The foteman demaunded euery man yf they had feen two 
damoyfelles whyche were fledde fro the doulphyns courte/ Thêne 
the chapelayn faid to hym that it was not longe fyth fuche tweyne 
departed wyth other men C And the man fuppofed that the fayd 
chapelayn had fayd it in Iape or in mockyng/ And fayd that the 
Doulphyn was moche angry/ and had fworne that yf ony mâ or 
woman knewe where they were and fhewed it not/ that he fhold 
make them to lofe theyr hedes/ And whan the chapelayn herde thefe 
wordes he remembred hym of them that were hyd in hys hous/ And 
in grete drede fayd to hym/ that he fhold tarye there a lytel/ & that 
for the loue of my lord doulphyn he wold gladly feche for them/ 
and afibne as he myght fynde tydynges of them he fhold lete hym 
wyte/ i\nd fo departed fro thens/ and retorned home ageyn/ and 
tolde al thys to parys/ and what he had herde in the toune/ fayeng 
alfo that he doubted that it was for them of hys companye/ wherfore 
he fayd to hym ferthermore/ fyr I praye you that ye departe from 
hens/ and fuffre not that I lefe my lyf/ but take ye the befte coun- 
ceyl ye can/ For there ben fyfty men on horfback that feche you/ 
whan Parys herde hym fay this it nedeth not to demaunde yf he 
were heuy and melancolyous/ and for the grete forowe that he had 
he chaunged al his colour/ And he fayd to the chapelayn/ I praye 
you that ye tarye a lytel & I fhal make you an anfuer/ & thenne 
Parys went to vyenne/ for to telle to hir al thys feat/ And whan 
vyenne fawe hym entre/ and fo chaunged in hys colour fayd to paris/ 

Paris ^f Vienna. 45 

what tydynges brynge ye whyche are fo pale and your colour 
chaunged/ I praye you as hertely as I can that it playfe you to telle 
me/ Thenne Parys fayd to hyr The tydynges that I brynge ben euyl 
for you and for me/ For ihortly fhal be accompliffhed our aduen- 
ture/ and therfore I wyl flee my felf/ and alfo he faid complaynyng/ 
O god how my lyf is forowful and heuy to haue brought thys excel- 
lent lady as ye ar in fuche daunger/ O good god why gaf thou not 
to me the deth tofore or that I fette hir out of hyr faders hous/ O 
alas my fader and my moder what fhal befalle of you/ whan the 
doulphyn fhal knowe/ that I haue ftolen from hym hys doughter/ 
C O my good felowe Edward why counceylled not I wyth the tofore 
or I had doon thys folye And after he retorned to vyêne fayeng/ and 
what fhal falle of you my lady/ whan your fader fhal fee you/ Certes I 
thynke that how cruel that he be/ whan he fhal fee your noble perfone/ 
his hert fhal not fuffre to do you ony harme/ O god almyghty do to 
me that grace p l I onely may bere the payn of this fayt & none other/ 
O lady vnhappy was that day for you and for me whan fyrft ye had 
acqueyntaunce of me/ And whan Parys had fynyffhed hys com- 
playnte/ he tolde to Vyenne al that the chapelayn had fayd to hym/ 
And forthwyth as a perfone defpayred/ took hys fwerde and wold 
haue ryuen it thurgh hys body/ And Vyenne as vertuoufé and valy- 
aunte took to hyr hert/ and took the fwerde fro hym and comforted 
hym and fayd/ C O free knyght/ my Ioye/ my lyf/ and my folace/ 
what wyl ye doo/ knowe ye not wel/ that who that fleeth hym felf 
wytyngly/ fleeth the foule and the body/ and yf ye deye/ I affure 
you I fhal deye alfo/ and fo fhal ye be caufe of my deth as wel as of 
your owne O Parys where is your wyfedom and your prowefTe/ Now 
whan ye fhold haue mofte ftrengthe & mooft vertuous courage ye be 
aferde/ O my knyght thys is noo newe thynge" that the perfones that 

4 6 Paris âf Vienna. 

lyuen in thys world haue trybulacyons/ of what fomeuer lygnage they 
be/ Certes thys is not the courage of one fo valyaunte knyght as ye 
be/ For now whome that ye ought to comforte/ ihe muft now corn- 
forte you/ And therfor my fayr brother and frende I praye you as 
moche as ye may/ that Incontynente ye departe fro hens/ and that ye 
goo your waye/ and yf ye do not fo I íhal flee my felf wyth your 
fwerde/ For your departyng is as greuous to me/ as myn ihal be to 
you/ but it byhoueth to efchewe of two euyls the werfe/ And alfo ye 
ought to confydere one thyng/ that not wythftondyng the grete faulte 
and trefpaas that I haue made to my fader/ yet therfore he ihal not 
put me to deth/ confydered the grete loue that he hath alway had 
toward me/ and yf ye were taken/ I wote wel that ye and I ihold bothe 
deye/ And yet I haue good hope/ that myn entencyon ihal come 
vnto a good ende/ For be ye fure though he neuer pardonne me/ I 
ihal neuer haue other huibond but you and that I promyfe you by 
my fayth/ But alle waye of one thyng I praye you/ that for none 
other lady ye forgete not me/ And whan ye ihal be in another con- 
treye wryte vnto me of your aduenture/ And to thende that ye the 
better remembre me loo here is a rynge of gold wyth a dyamonde/ 
the which I praye you that ye wyl kepe for the loue of me 

<T How Parys departed from VyenneJ and lefte hyr in the chyrche/ 

AFter moche other langage paris kyfTed vyêne wyth grete fyghes 
and thoughtes/ and ihe comforted hym the beft wyfe ihe 
myght/ in prayeng our lord Ihefu Cryfte that in ihort tyme ihe 
myght fee hym/ lyke as hyr herte defyred mooft of ony thynge that 
was in the world/ And thenne Parys departed fro Vyenne wyth 
grete forowe and heuynefle/ And took his waye wyth hys feruaunte 

Paris &* Vienna, 47 

tyl he came to the ryuer where they coude not tofore haue pafied/ 
and as defpayred doubted noo thynge but entred therin/ and the 
water was Too aualed that they paiTed wythoute ony peryl/ And they 
rode two dayes wythoute ony mete/ for they durft not paife thurgh 
ony toun/ And they paiTed tyl they came to aygues mortes/ And 
there he founde the galeye that george had hyred/ whyche anone he 
took/ and fo longe faylled and rowed tyl that they arryued at Gene/ 
Parys made meruayllous countenaunces in the galeye/ that alle they 
that were therin/ had fuppofed he had be a fool/ for allewaye he 
was penfyf/ and ymagynatyf/ and vnnethe wold fpeke ne fay a word/ 
C Thenne whan he was at gene he hyred hym a lodgyng & lyued 
there in grete heuyneiTe & forowe/ Now leue we to fpeke of Parys 
and retorne we to vyenne whyche abode in the chapelayns hous 

C How vyenne was founde in the chyrche by a fotemanj and how 
/he was brought ageyn to hyr fader/ 

WHan Parys was departed fro vyenne ihe abode allone wyth 
yfabeau makyng the gretteft forowe of the world that it was 
a grete pyte to byholde/ lyke as ihe had as leef to deye as to lyue/ 
And whan ihe was wel wery of wepyng/ and that it was force that 
ihe muft retorne to the mercy of hyr fader the doulphyn/ ihe ap- 
peafed hyr felf/ And anone the chapelayn went for to feche the 
foteman and brought hym in to the chyrche/ And whan Vyenne 
fawe hym/ ihe knewe hym wel/ For ihe had oftymes feen hym in hyr 
faders hows/ And thys man fayd to hyr alle hys charge/ & that many 
knyghtes were oute for to feche hyr/ And Vyenne fayd to hym goo 
& telle them that thou haft founden me here/ & brynge them hyther/ 
Thenne the man wente & fonde the knyghtes that thenne were 

4_8 Paris Sf Vie?i?ia. 

comen in to the towne/ and tolde to them how he had foûden hyr/ & 
that they mold come with hym & he wold brynge them to the place 
where íhe was/ whan p e kny3tes herde thefe tydynges anon eche 
made grete hafte tyl they cam to hyr/ thêne wha they were tofore 
vyenne they falewed hyr and fayd to hyr that the doulphyn had doo 
feche hyr in dyuers contreyes/ and after they comforted hyr/ and 
fayd that ihe mold not be aferde of hyr fader/ for he wold doo to hyr 
noo defplayfyr/ for he 1 fhal haue fo grete Ioye/ whan he fhall fee 
you/ that he fhal pardonne you and appeafe hys yre/ 

C And than Incontynent they wente to horfbacke/ and brought 
forth the chapelayn wyth hyr to thende that he íhold excufe hyr 
tofore hyr fader/ and tolde how me was pure and clene of hyr body/ 

NOw fayth thyftory that whan Vyenne was comen tofore hyr 
fader the doulphyn/ he made toward hyr heuy and euyll 
chere/ But not wythftondyng Vyenne kneled doun on bothe hyr 
knees to the erthe fayeng and in wepyng/ Redoubted fader I fee wel 
and knowe in my felf that I haue mefpryfed and faylled toward you/ 
wherof I haue grete defplayfyr/ Neuertheles folyfihe loue hath en- 
forced me to loue hym/ whyche is wel worthy to be byloued of the 
mooft gretteft lady of the Royame of fraunce allewaye {etn the 
noblenes that is in hym/ For I wene that in alle the world is none to 
hym lyke ne pareylle/ C And alfo I thynke that I am not the firft 
that haue trefpaced by femblable reafons/ wherfore redoubted fader I 
am in your mercy/ and take of 'me vengeaunce/ fuche as fhal playfe 
you/ and to me chaftyfement/ and example to other Neuertheles I 
wyl wel that ye knowe and that I fwere by my foule/ that I am as 

1 Caxton has be. 

Paris & Vienna. 49 

pure and clene of my body as I was that day that I departed fro hens/ 
And loo here is the chapelayn whyche can fay to you the trouthe/ 
And thenne the chapelayn tolde how ihe came wyth iij men of whom 
that one was a moche fayre knyght yonge & curtoys the whyche I 
byleue is drowned in paiTyng a ryuer/ And they were in myn hous/ 
and the two damoyfelles ilept to gyder in the chyrche/ and the 
knyght ilepte wyth me/ And the other two ilepte in the ftable with 
the horfes/ Thenne whan the doulphyn herde thefe tydynges he had 
ry^t grete playfyr/ of which he made noo femblaunte/ and gaf to the 
chapelayn moche money & grete yeftes/ and bad hym retorne/ 
C After the doulphyn took vyenne by the hande/ in repreuyng hy r 
moche gretely/ and lad hyr in to hyr moders chambre wyth yfabeau/ 
for hir moder was feke of the grete forowe that ihe had for hyr 
doughter/ and there the moder blamed them bothe two/ And yfabeau 
fayd that vyenne was as pure and clene of hyr body as ihe was the 
day that ihe departed/ Alas fayd the doulphyn/ thou haft put vs in 
the mood gretteft fhame of V world And I promyfe that alle they 
that haue confented therto ihal be wel punyfihed/ and in efpecyal 
that euyl traytre Parys whych is caufe of al thys fayte and yf euer Í 
may haue hym I ihal make dogges deuoure hym and alfo bothe ye 
tweyne ihal fuffre therfore grete penytence/ Thenne fayd vyenne 
wepyng/ I fee wel and knowe that ye haue entencion to do to me 
moche gryef and harm/ and I fee wel that my lyf inal not longe en- 
dure/ Therfore I fwere to you in good fayth/ that there is noo man 
in the world that I fo moche loue as I doo hym whom ye fo menace 
and thretene/ For in hym I haue my thought & courage wythoute 
euer to faylle hym/ and yf ye ihortly gyue to me my penaunce/ fo 
moche ihortly ihal be my deth/ And yf ye fufTre me to endure it 
longe/ fo moche more ihal I bere it/ and my foule ihal be the more 

• H 

5<d Paris & Vienna. 

fure tofore almyghty god/ & knowe ye for certayn that for hym and 
hys loue I am redy to deye/ 

Thêne the doulphyn yiTued out of the chambre in grete Indygna- 
cyon/ and commaunded that the fader of Parys mold be put in an 
euyl pryfon/ And that al hys goodes mold be taken fro hym/ And 
alfo that vyenne & yfabeau ihold be enclofed in a chambre/ and that 
wel lytell mete ihold be gyuen to them/ and moche he menaced and 
thretened them/ and thus they abode a longe tyme in that chambre/ 
and contynuelly Vyenne dremed of Parys/ 

C And whan ihe myght haue ony fpace to fpeke to Edward felowe 
of Parys/ ihe requyred hym that he ihold ferche yf he myght haue 
ony tydynges of parys/ and that he ihold lete hyr knowe therof/ 
C In thys maner vyenne paífed hyr tyme in grete forowe & in grete 
thought alle waye defyryng for to here fomme tydynges of that noble 
knyght Parys/ 

WHan Vyenne had ben a grete tyme in thys manere/ The 
doulphyn bythought hym that thenne hys doughter Vyenne 
had been wel chaftyfed/ 

4T And thenne the Doulphyn fader of Vyenne ordeyned that ihe 
came oute of pryfon/ And thêne he purpofed to gyue to hyr an 
hufbond/ and fette hyr in hyr fyrft eftate/ wherof alle the courte was 
moche Ioyous/ and in efpecyal Edward felowe of Parys/ C And 
after certayn tyme the doulphyn wrote to the Erie of Flaunders that 
he wold doo marye hys doughter vyêne wherupon he requyred hym 
that he wold gyue to hym counceyll in thys mater/ For it was vnto 
hym chargeable/ And duryng the tyme that vyenne was oute of 
pryfon hyr herte was neuer in refte/ but euer ihe was heuy and fo- 
rouful for hyr fwete and faythful frende parys/ whome ihe myght 

Paris & Vienna. 5 1 

not fee/ and knewe not whether he were dede or a lyue/ And whan 
the doulphyn fawe hyr fo heuy/ On a day he fayd to hyr/ My fwete 
doughter/ wherfbre be ye fo forouful/ gyue your felf to playfyr/ For 
as to me I remembre nomore the thynges pafled/ And there is noo 
thynge in the world that ye demaunde me but I fhal doo it for you/ 
And thenne vyêne whyche had not forgeten Parys fayd to hym/ 
Honourable fader yf I were fure of the thynges pafled that they were 
forgoten by you/ I ihold be more fure than I am/ but I byleue 
fermely/ that ye haue them yet in your remembraunce/ For ye holde 
alwaye meiTyre Iaques in pryfon the fader of Parys/ whyche is not 
culpable of ony parte of thys dede ne caufe/ And yf ye wold do to 
me foo moche grace that ye wold pardonne hym and rendre to hym 
al hys goodes & thynges I mold be moche Ioyous/ And the doul- 
phyn for the playfyr of hys doughter fayd to hyr/ that it wel playfed 
to hym/ and Incontyn[en]t the doulphyn dyddo delyuer meiTyre Iaques 
out of pryfon/ and dyd do retorne to hym al hys goodes and thynges 
that had be taken from hym/ wherof meiTyre Iaques had grete 
playfyr/ for yf he had abyden lenger in pryfon he had be dede 
for hungre/ for there was none that comforted hym but edward/ 
whiche comforted hym the beft wyfe he myght/ & gaf to hym dayly 
that whyche was neceiTarye for hys lyf/ whan vyenne knewe that 
meiTyre Iaques was oute of pryfon/ íhe was moche Ioyeful and had 
grete playfyr/ Neuertheles al the confolacyon of vyenne was whan 
ihe myght fpeke wyth edward of hyr loue Parys/ And thus ihe 
paiTed hyr tyme in ryght grete payne and heuyneiTe the befte wyfe 
ihe myght/ 


Han the Erie of flaunders had redde the letters of the doul- 
phyn & vnderftood that he wold marye his doughter vyêne 

52 Paris & Vien?ia. 

vvhych was of the age of xv yere/ he trayted that ihe fnold haue of 
two barons that one/ that is to wete the fone of the kyng of englond/ 
or the lone of the duke of bourgoyne/ whyche thenne had grete 
renommee in fraunce/ and that was for the grete prowefTe that was in 
hym/ and the fayd erle made thys fayd traytye/ & fente word vnto 
the doulphyn/ that hym femed beft that the fone of the due of bour- 
goyn were befte for hyr/ by caufe that it (hold be grete playfyr to 
the Kynge of fraunce/ and that he was a noble knyght and of grete 
prowefTe/ and whan the doulphyn had receyued thefe letters fro therle 
of Flaunders/ he fente to the kyng of fraunce to wyte of hym whyche 
fnold beft playfe hym of thefe two prynces aforefayd that íhold haue 
his doughter/ For whome that he wold fhold haue hyr/ wherof y 
kyng had grete playfyr/ and reputed it to hym grete honour/ And 
he fente to hym worde/ that it mold playfe hym beft that he maryed 
wyth the fone of the due of bourgoyn hys neuew/ and in fo doyng 
he ihold doo to hym ryght grete playfyr/ and wold do as moche for 
hym whan tyme and place requyreth/ And fcyng the doulphyn the 
wylle of the kyng of fraunce fente worde to therle of flaunders/ that 
he had counfeylled wyth hys barons/ cV alfo that it was the wylle of 
the kyng of fraunce that his doughter fnold be maryed to the fone of 
the due of bourgoyne/ And thenne therle laboured fo moche in thys 
mater that he made the fayd fone of the due to agree as for hys 

C How Parys fente a letter to hys felowe Edward I 

NOw late vs leue to fpeke of thys mater/ and retorne we vnto 
Parys whyche abode in the cyte of gene moche heuy/ and 
whyles thys maryage was in trayty Parys dwelled in gene oute of al 

Paris êf Vienna. 53 

Ioyes and playfaunfes worldly/ & al for the loue that he had to the 
fayr vyenne whome he had foo moche at his hert/ And abode alwaye 
in hys lodgyng allone/ and bycame fo deuoute and foo humble toward 
god/ that it was grete meruaylle/ and alfo for the good countenaunces 
that he made/ he was moche wel byloued of al the peple of the cyte 
and they helde hym for a noble man/ and fayd he muft nedes be the 
fone of a grete lord/ And Parys beyng in thys manere had grete 
defyre to haue tydynges of vyenne/ and what was hyr aduenture/ 
And anone ordeyned two letters/ that one to hys fader/ & that other 
to hys felawe Edward/ Of whyche the letter to hys fader fayd in 
thys manere/ 

RYght dere & honourable fyr and fader playfe it you to wete 
that I am moche forouful and heuy of my cruel aduenture/ 
and alio I endure grete heuynes/ forowe and arTlyclyon/ doubtyng 
that for me ye haue fuffred grete payne and trybulacyon/ and I late 
you wete that I am at genes/ & dwelle in a lodgyng allone depofed 
fro al Ioyes and confolacyons mondayne/ For myn entendement is 
to ferue god and our lady fro hens forth/ & purpofe that ye fhal fee 
me nomore/ for I wyl departe & goo thurgh the world to feche holy 
pylgry mages/ And yf by aduenture I fhal deye tofore that ye fhal 
fee me/ I praye you that it may playfe you that I deye not in your 
euyl wylle/ but humb[l]y byfeche you that it playfe you to pardonne 
me/ and to gyue to me your benedyctyon/ Alfo dere fyr and fader I 
praye you & fupplye that my dere brother and felowe Edward ye 
wyl take in my name and place/ and that he be recommaunded as 
your fone in ftede of me/ as wel in your herytage as in other thynges/ 
and the grace of the holy ghooft be wyth you/ Recomaunde me to 
my moder &c/ And the letter of Edward fayd thus/ 

54 Paris & Vienna, 

DEre and ipecyal brother and fynguler frende edward the peryl 
of paris and of hys aduenture is pourfyewed of alle euyl and 
cruel fortune/ I comaunde me to you as moche as I may fay or thynk 
Neuertheles lyke as we haue ben accuftomed to wryte letters of loue 
and of chyualrye/ Now I muft wryte letters anguyfihous of forowe 
and of euyl fortune/ for alas I am vnhappy al allone in a ftrange 
contre/ & exyled fro al Ioyes and fro alle playfyr/ and out of al 
worldly playfaunce thynkyng nyght & day on the bele vyenne/ the 
whyche I thynke that for me hath fuffred mortal forowe/ and I fay to 
you that yf I knewe that for me ihe fuffred payne and forowe I {hold 
be in defpayr/ for I am worthy for to be punyfihed cruelly for that 
fayte & none other wherfore I praye god and alle hys fayntes that 
ihe may be kepte from al euyl/ and gyue hyr grace to profpere in 
al good and honour lyke as ihe is worthy and myn herte defyreth/ 

{[ My dere broder & felowe the mooft dere thynges that I loue in 
thys world is fyrft the fayr and fwete vyenne/ & next you to whom 
I praye you yf it may be in ony wyfe that ye wyl fay to hyr in my 
name/ how that I am lyuyng in genes/ Paflyng my lyf moche heuy 
and forouful for thabfence of hyr noble perfone/ and for the cruel & 
euyl fortune that hath pourfyewed me/ and alfo fay ye to hyr that I 
crye hyr mercy/ & that it may playfe hyr to pardonne me/ yf by me 
ihe haue ony dyfplayfyr and god knoweth myn entencyon/ & in what 
trybulaciô I lyue And fyth that it hath not playfed to our lord/ 
that we accomplyfihe not our defyre & wylle/ we ought to bere it 
pacyently/ And alfo ye fnal fay to hyr/ that I praye and fupplye her 
as moche as I may that ihe yet take no hufbond/ vnto the tyme that 
ihe ihal fee thende of our aduenture/ & after thys I praye you dere 
broder of the confolacyon of my fader & my moder/ and that ye be 
to them as a fone For feyng the loue that alwaye we haue had to 

Paris & Vienna. $$ 

gyder/ I haue wryton to my fader/ that in the ftede of me he take 
you for hys fone/ and that after hys lyf/ he wyl leue to you hys 
herytage/ for fo moche broder & felowe I praye & byfeche you that 
ye be to theym humble and obeyiTaunt/ & the better parte fhal be 
youres/ and yf by aduenture ye wryte to me ony letter late the letter 
be kepte in my faders hous/ p e holy ghooft haue you in hys kepyng/ 
And he delyuerd thys letter to a courrour whyche wythin fewe dayes 
was at vyenne/ and fecretely delyuerd hys letters to edward the good 
knyght/ whan Edward had receyued thefe letters and knewe that 
paris was a lyue/ he had ryght as grete Ioye as ony man coude thynke 
or byleue/ Neuertheles he helde p e courrour fecretely in his hous to 
thende that the dolphyn fhold not knowe therof/ and whan he had 
herde the letters/ he went to the hous of mefiyre Iaques the fader of 
the noble parys & fayd to hym/ C Meflyre Iaques I brynge to you 
thys letter/ And whan meiTyre Iaques had redde the letter/ he coude 
not be facyat of redyng/ he took fo grete playfyr therin/ ÍT After 
that he had redde it at his playfyr/ he prayed Edward to wryte to 
hym an anfuer wel at large of alle that was byfallen fyth hys depart- 
yng/ & thys doon edward departed fro hym/ & wente vnto beale 
vyenne/ whome he fonde moche heuy and forouful for hir loue and 
frende parys/ and Edward fayd/ honourable lady/ & how is it/ that 
ye be thus heuy/ and vyenne fayd to hym/ alas fayr broder Edward/ 
I haue good reafon and caufe to be heuy For myn herte abydeth 
thynkyng day & nyght on my good knyght Parys/ and I knowe not 
whether he be alyue or dede/ of whyche thynge I moche defyre to 
knowe/ For yf he be deed I am caufe therof/ And certes yf he be 
dede I may not lyue after hym/ yf our lord wold doo foo moche 
grace that he be a lyue/ fayn wold I knowe in what londe he is/ to 
thende that I my3t fende to hym a lytel money/ foo that he haue 

có Paris & Vienna. 

noo neceiTyte for hys perfone/ And edward fayd to hyr/ Madame 
what wyll ye gyue me/ yf I telle te you good tydynges and fure 
of hym/ 

C Thenne fayd Vyenne/ by my fayth there is noo thyng that I 
haue in thys world/ whyche I may gyue wyth myn honour/ but that 
I ihal gyue it to you Thenne fayd Edward/ loo here is a letter 
whyche he hath fente to me/ and whan vyenne fawe the letter ihe 
opened it and redde it al allonge/ & whan ihe had redde it ihe hal 
foo grete Ioye/ that hyr femed god had appyered to hyr/ and the 
love that ihe had in hyr hert ihewed wel in hyr vyfage/ For 
fythe that ihe departed fro parys ihe had not fo good vyfage ne chere 
as ihe had thêne & whan the folace had ynough endured Edward 
fayd to hyr Madame gyue to me ageyn my letter/ that I may make 
to hym an anfuer/ And Vyenne fayd it plefeth me moche that ye 
make to Parys my fwete frende an anfuer/ but furely the letter ihal 
remayne wyth me/ Thenne he fayd/ Madame haue ye not promyfed 
to gyue to me that thyng that I ihal demaunde you/ yes fayd ihe/ 
Thenne edward fayd I defyre ne wyll haue none other thynge/ but 
that ye gyue to me my letter/ for aifone ihal I gyue to you my lyf/ 
but and yf ye wyl demaunde ony other thynge/ I wyl wel/ Thêne 
fayd Edward I am contente that the letter abyde wyth you/ & after 
he ordeyned another letter to Parys which fayd in this manere/ 

ft How Edward fente anfuer of his letter to Parys/ whyche abode 
in the cyte of genes j 

RYght dere brother frende and felowe parys/ your fader and 
your moder grete you wel/ the whiche haue fu fired for you 
moche dyfeafe/ payne and defplayfyr/ and in efpecyal your fader 

Paris & Vienna. 57 

whiche hath longe been in pryfon/ & alle hys goodes were taken fro 
hym/ and alfo I certefye you that by the grace of god and at the 
requeft and prayer of Vyenne/ the doulphyn hath pardonned hym 
alle hys euyl wylle/ and delyuerd hym oute of pryfon & reftored to 
hym alle hys goodes ageyn/ And plefe it you to wete fayre brother 
that vyenne hath had fo moche Ioye and fo grete playfyr whan ihe 
had knowleche that ye were a lyue/ that it is wonder to byleue/ 
For al hyr confolacyon was for to haue tydynges of you/ &. ihe re- 
commaundeth hyr to you as moche as ihe may/ & hath moche grete 
defyre to fee you & alfo prayeth you not to wythdrawe you fro hyr 
ne fro that contreye/ but that ye wryte ofte to hyr of your eftate/ 
And ihe fendeth to you an efchaunge of thre thoufand floryns/ of 
whiche ihe wyl that ye take your playfyr & Ioye/ for al hyr hope is 
in you/ Alfo ye fhal vnderftonde that ihe hath be kepte in pryfon a 
certayn tyme/ but thanked be god ihe is now oute/ Alfo I haue 
ihewed to hyr your letter/ whyche ihe reteyneth/ and after that ihe 
had redde it/ I myght neuer haue it ageyn/ but ihe fayd/ that ihe 
had leuer to lefe al that ihe had/ than the faid letter & ye fhal knowe 
that the doulphyn treateth a maryage for hyr the which is the fone 
of the due of bourgoyn/ & he hopeth fro day to day/ that it ihal be 
accomplyfihed/ Neuertheles I trufte foo moche in vyenne/ feyng J; 1 
whiche ilie hath fayd to me/ that ihe wyl neuer haue other huibond 
but you/ wherfore lyue ye forth Ioyoufly in hope/ Dere brother I 
thanke you as I can or may for the prefentacyon that ye haue doon 
for me/ your foule be wyth god/ to whome I praye that he kepe you 
in hys holy warde & protectyon Sec/ whan thys letter was wryten he 
delyuerd it to the courrour/ whyche made hafty Iourneyes fo that he 
arryued at genes/ where as the good kny3t Parys dwelled and abode/ 

5 8 Paris & Vienna. 

WHan the noble paris had redde the letter/ & knewe that 
vyenne had been in pryfon/ almooft for forowe he was oute 
of his wytte curfyng his euyl fortune/ & after he curfed the day that 
he was borne & moche dyfcomforted hym felf/ & alfo he curfed the 
doulphyn fayeng/ O cruel fader and vnconnyng/ how may your hert 
fuffre to put in pryfon hyr that is foo noble a creature/ whyche is ful 
of al vertues/ that is the fayre vyenne/ whyche is noo thynge caufe of 
thys fayte/ For J my felf onely haue doon it/ & ought to bere allone 
the penaunce/ alas & wherfore dyd not god to me fo moche grace/ 
that I had be taken in ftede of hyr/ O fayre vyenne what haue I 
doo for you/ whyche haue fuffred foo moche payne for me/ Thus he 
made a grete whyle hys forowe in wepyng ftrongely/ After Parys 
fawe that the fayr vyenne was retorned in to hyr fyrft eftate/ wherof 
he was moche Ioyous/ & whan he had receyued the efchaunge that 
vyenne had fente hym he hyred a moche fayr hous & cladde hym 
honeftly & rychely & took acqueyntaunce & amytye wyth the gretteft 

6 befte of the cyte/ in fo moche they dyd hym moche good and 
honour/ & thus duellyd parys a grete whyle/ alway remembryng in 
hys hert the loue of vyenne/ for alleway hys loue encreaced/ And 
euery moneth they wrote letters eche to other/ of whyche here is 
made noo mencyon/ for it mold be ouer longe to reherce/ & torne 
we here in to flaunders for the fayte of the maryage of the excellent 

NOW fayth thyftorye that whan therle of Flaunders had accorded 
the maryage with the due of bourgoyn he made redy hys fone 
and apparaylled hym of companye and of horfes/ and lete it be 
knowen to the doulphyn/ that he ihold make redy al thynge necef- 

Paris &* Vienna* 59 

farye/ & that he ihold haftely fende to hym his lone/ whan the doul- 
phyn herde thefe tydynges/ that he/ whome he fo moche defyred 
ihold come he was moche Ioyous/ and Incontynent dyd doo make 
redy many grete & meruayllous feftes/ & duryng the fame dyd doo 
make redy hys fone the due of bourgoyne/ horfes and peple for to 
accompanye hym whiche was a fay re thynge to fee/ C And after 
fent hym to therle of flauders/ whyche receyued hym wyth grete 
Ioye & wyth grete honour & fefted hym two dayes/ and delyuerd to 
hym hys fone in his companye/ and fente hym to the doulphyn/ & 
whan the doulphyn knewe theyr comyng/ he dyd do make redy to 
receyue hym/ and whan they were by a day Iourneye nygh vnto 
vyenne/ he rode oute wyth moche grete chyualrye/ & receyued them 
with moche grete Ioye and playfyr/ & eche made grete fefte to other 
whyche were ouer longe to recounte/ Neuertheles tofore that the 
doulphyn came to the fone of the 1 due of bourgoyn/ hee & hys wyf 
entred in to the chambre of vyenne to whome the doulphyn fayd/ 
Fayr doughter it was the playfyr of god that I & your moder were 
to gyder vij yere wythoute hauyng ony chylde/ and in the viij yere 
our lord comforted vs wyth you/ in whom we haue al our arreciyon/ 
For we haue neyther fone ne doughter but onely you/ ne fuppoie 
neuer to haue/ fo we trufte that by you we haue one/ It is trewe 
that 2 fo as god wyl and hath ordeyned we wyl afTemble you to a 
moche honou[ra]ble maryage/the whiche to vs playfeth moche/ for I 
enfure you the doughter of the Kynge of Fraunce hath moche de- 
fyred to haue hym/ that ye ihal haue/ for god hath endowed hym 
with fo moche good & honour as hert of knyght may haue/ thus to 
the playfyr of god/ & of the vyrgyn marye/ we haue made the 
maryage of the fone of the duke of bourgoyne & of you/ wherfor we 

1 Caxton has Jhe. . 2 Caxton has thot. 

6o Paris & Vienna. 

praye you/ that therto ye wyl gyue your good wyl!e & playfyr/ and 
alio that ye wyl haue the maryage agreable/ Thenne vyenne anfuerd 
to hyr fader/ Honourable fader & lord I wote wel that thys that ye 
entende is for my wele & prouffyt/ But not wythftondyng that I be 
in age for to marye/ & that in thys maryage I mold receyue honour 
more than I am worthy/ Neuertheles I ihal not yet be maryed for 
yf we haue not thys man/ yf it playfe god we ihal haue another as 
good or better/ And thynke ye not myn honourable lord/ that I fay 
thys for ony excufacyon/ but it is fythen xv dayes that I haue be 
euyl dyfpofed of my perfone/ & the maladye that I haue caufeth me 
to take noo playfyr for to be maryed/ For I haue auowed vnto god 
neuer to be maryed to thys man ne to none other/ as longe as I ihal 
be in thys maladye/ C Thenne thought the dolphyn that vyenne 
fayd it for fhamefaftnes/ Neuertheles he trauaylled hyr euery day 
wyth fayre wordes that (he mold confente to thys maryage/ but it 
auaylled nothyng all that he dyd/ for the wylle of hir was more in 
parys than in ony man of the world/ 

THenne on the morne the fone of the due of bourgoyne/ & the 
fone of the erle of Flaunders entred in to the cyte of vyenne/ 
wherof the doulphyn had grete Ioye & playfyr/ and thys ferte en- 
dured wel fyftene dayes/ that they dyd no thynge/ but daunce/ 
fynge/ and dyd other dyuers playfyrs/ and duryng thys fefte the 
doulphyn fayd to the fone of the duke of bourgoyn to thende that he 
ihold thynke none euyl by caufe he abode fo longe or he myght 
efpoufe hys doughter/ C Fayr fone I praye you & byfeche that ye 
take you to playfyr and Ioye/ And gryeue you noo thynge of thys 
longe abydyng here/ for certayn my doughter is fo feke/ that vn- 
nethe fhe may fpeke/ whyche doth to hyr grete defplayfyr and ihame/ 

Paris Ssf Vienna, 61 

for fayn ihe wold be out of hyr chambre/ And thenne the fone of 
the due of bourgoyn as he that 1 mente but good fayth / byleued it 
lyghtly/ Neuertheles the doulphyn dyd nothyng ny3t ne day/ but 
admonefted hys doughter one tyme in fayr wordes/ and another tyme 
in menaces but in no wyfe he coude make hys doughter to confente/ 
And comaunded that ihe ihold nothyng haue but brede & water and 
vyenne abode one day foo in thys manere/ and al thys dyd the doul- 
phyn/ to thende that ihe ihold confente to the maryage/ and alwaye 
he dyd to hyr more harme & payne/ & vyenne was alwaye more 
harde/ and ferther fro hys defy re/ wherof the doulphyn had moche 
grete dyfplayfyr and not wythoute caufe/ & feyng the Doulphyn 
that hys doughter was foo Indurate/ he thought that by fomme good 
moyen he wold fende home ageyn the fone of the due of bourgoyn 
for he doubted that yf he abode longe/ that this feat myght be dyf- 
couerd,, and he gaf to hym fayr Iewellys/ and after fayd to hym/ 
Fayre fone I wyl that ye take noo defplayfyr in that I ihal fay to you/ 
Me femeth wel that at thys tyme this maryage may not goo forth of 
you and of my doughter/ for after that I fee & as me femethe the 
wylle of god is ferther than I wold at thys tyme/ For he wyl not 
that the maryage of you and of my doughter take now effecte/ wher- 
fore I haue ryght grete defplayfyr in my hert onely for the loue of 
you/ Thenne the fone of the due of bourgoyne feyng that at that 
tyme he myght doo noo thyng/ toke leue of the Doulphyn and re- 
turned in to his contree by caufe that Vyenne was not in helthe/ and 
promyfed that aifone as he myght knowe that ihe ihold be hool/ he 
wold retorne for to accomplyfihe the mariage lyke as the doulphyn 
had promyfed to hym/ 

1 Caxton \\isjbat. 

6 2 Paris ®P Vienna. 

C How the doulphyn dyd doo enpryjonne vyene by caufe that /he wold 
not conjente to the maryage to the /one of the duke of bourgoynej 

AFter certayn dayes that the Tone of the Duke of bourgoyn was 
departed fro the cyte of vyenne/ the doulphyn for grete def- 
playfyr that he had dyd do come tofore hym the mayfter Iayler of 
hys pryfon/ and dyd doo make wythin hys paleys a lytel pryfon 
derke and obfcure/ and he dyd do put vyenne and yfabeau in to 
that pryfon/ and commaunded that they ihold haue nothyng to 
ete but brede and water/ and one damoyfel in whome the dolphyn 
trufted ihold brynge it to them And in thys manere vyenne & 
yfabeau pafiyd theyr tyme in grete forowe/ And thynke not that for 
thys pryfon/ the hert of vyenne wold in ony wyfe confente to the 
wylle of hyr fader/ but alway encreaced wyth hyr p e wylle toward hir 
fwete frende Parys/ and wyth fwete wordes ihe comforted yfabeau 
fayeng/ My dere fufter abafihe you not for thys derkenes/ for I haue 
confydence in god/ that ye ihal haue yet moche welthe/ For my fayr 
fufter/ It is a moche ryghtful thyng that for the good kny5t parys 
whyche for me fufFreth fo moche payne/ that I fuffre thys for hym/ 
and alfo I fay to you that al the paynes of this world be nothyng 
greuous to me whan I thynke on hys fwete vyfage/ And in thys 
manere that one comforted that other/ in fpekyng alle day of the 
valyaunte knyght Parys/ 

C How the /one of the due of bourgoyn departed fro hys contreye for to 
come fee the fayr e lady Vyenne j 

WHan the fone of the due of bourgoyne had abyden longe tyme 
in hys contree/ On a day he had grete thought of vyenne/ 

Paris & Vienna, 63 

& that was for the grete beaute of hyr/ and it dyfplefed hym moche 
that at hys beyng there he had not feen hyr ' and fo concluded to goo 
& fee hyr and it was not longe after that he cam to the dolphyn 
and the doulphyn receyued hym moche gladly and with grete honour/ 
Thenne prayed he the dolphyn that it myght plefe hym to ihewe 
to hym vyenne alfo feke as ihe was/ For in the world was nothyng 
that he foo mrche defyred to fee as hyr/' And the doulphyn feyng 
the wylle & defyre of hym wold noo lenger hyde hys courage but 
fayd to hym/ My fayr fone by the fayth that I owe to god I haue 
had grete defyre that thys maryage ihold be made but my doughter 
for thys prefent tyme wyl take noo hufbond ne be maryed wherfore 
I haue grete defplayfyr and that for the loue of you/ & to thende 
that ye knowe, that it holdeth not on me/ I fwere to you that fythe 
ye departed fro thys toun I haue doon hyr to be kepte in a pryfon 
derke and obfcure/ and hath eten nothyng but brede and water onely/ 
and haue fworn that (he ihal not goo oute of pryfon tyl íhe íhal con- 
fente to haue you in maryage And thus I praye you that ye take 
noo defplayfyr/ yf at thys tyme y'e fee hyr not/ for ye may not fay lie 
to haue grete maryage/ in caas that this faylle you and thenne he 
anfuerd/ honourable fyr I praye you moche hertely/ fyth that it is fo/ 
that er I retorne I may fpeke to hyr and I ihal praye hyr as moche 
as I ihal mowe/ and ihal fee yf by ony manere I may conuerte hyr 
fro hyr wylle/ thenne fayd the doulphyn he was contente/ 

Thenne he fente to his doughter clothyng and veftymentes for to 
clothe hyr and alfo mete for to ete/ For in two monethes ihe had 
eten but brede and water/ wherof ihe was moche feble/ and jhat 
ihewed wel in her vyfage/ & thus he dyd by caufe ihe ihold confente 
to the maryage/ And thenne it was concluded/ that the fone of the 
due of bourgoyn ihold come fee hyr & fpeke with hyr/ and thenne 

64 Paris & Vienna. 

whan Vyenne fawe thys and had receyued all & knewe that the fone 
of the due of bourgoyn ihuld come & fpeke wyth hyr ihe faid to 
yfabeau hir damoyfel/ fayr fufter beholde how my fader & moder 
wene by thefe veftymentes & thys henne that I ihold ete to deceyue 
me and put me fro my purpoos/ but god forbede that I ihold do fo/ 
& thenne ihe took the henne/ & fayd to hyr that brought it/ fyth it 
playfeth to the fone of the duke to come & fpeke to me/ fay ye to 
hym that he may not come thefe iij dayes/ & whan he cometh that 
he brynge with hym the byfihop of Saynt laurens/ She that had 
brought to hyr the henne fayd alle thys vnto the doulphyn and to 
dame dyane hir moder/ C Thenne vyenne took the two quarters of 
the henne and put them vnder hyr arme hooles/ and helde them there 
fo longe/ that they ftonken moche ftrongely/ C And whan it came 
to the thyrd day/ the byfihop of Saynt Laurence and the fone of the 
Duke of Bourgoyne camen for to fee vyenne/ and or they entred they 
opened a treylle whyche gaf lyght in to the pryfon/ 

C Thenne whan the fone of the due fawe Vyenne in the pryfon he 
fayd to hir by grete pyte that he had/ Noble vyenne how wyl ye 
deye thus for hungre foo folyly by your owne defaulte/ C And 
knowe ye not wel that your fader hath gyuen you to me to haue to 
my wyf/ wherfore I lyue in grete payne/ and in moche grete forowe 
for the durefìè of your courage/ wherof ye doo ryght grete fynne/ 
And doubte ye not that god punyfiheth you for thynobedyence that 
ye doo to your fader and to your moder/ wherfore I praye you fayre 
Vyenne to telle to me for what caufe ye wyl not haue me in maryage 
to your huibond/ Doubte ye that whan ye fhall be wyth me/ that 
ye may not ferue god as wel as ye now do that fuffre thys payne/ I 
promyfe you by my fayth Y ye ihal haue playfaunces and lybertees 
in al the maners that ye ihal conne demaunde/ Thenne I praye you 

Paris S§f Vienna. 65 

that ye wyl not here deye Co dolorouily/ and yf ye wyl not doo it for 
the loue of me/ yet at the leile do it for the loue of your fader and of 
your moder whyche lyue for you in grete forowe and in grete heuy- 
nefl'e/ wherfore ye ought to haue pyte on them/ 

WHan Vyenne had herde thefe wordes ihe was quafi abafihed 
and fayd fyr fauyng your honour I am maryed/ how be it ye 
knowe hym not whome I haue in myn hert/ And alfo I knowe and 
graunte ryght wel that ye be worthy to haue one moche gretter and 
more hye a lady than I am/ and I late you wete that for hym that I 
defy re I ihold fuffre more payne than I fele/ And therfore I praye 
you that fro hens forth ye fpeke to me no more of thys mater/ And 
alfo I am fo euyl dyfpofed in my perfone that yf it endure in me/ my 
lyf ihal not be longe/ and yf it were honefte I ihold ihewe it you and 
than ihold ye fee how it ftondeth wyth me/ Neuertheles approche ye 
ner to me/ & ye ihall the better byleue me/ And the fone of the 
duke of bourgoyne & the byflhop of faynt laurence approuched vnto 
vyenne/ fro whom yflued foo grete a ftenche/ that vnnethe they myght 
fuffre and endure it/ whiche fauour came fro vnder hyr arme holes of 
the two quarters of the henne/ whiche were roten/ And whan vyenne 
fawe that they had felte ynough of the ftenche ihe fayd to them/ 
lordes ye may now knowe ynough in what aduenture I am dyfpofed/ 
Thenne they took leue hauyng grete compaifyon on hyr/ And they 
fayd to the dolphyn that vyenne was thêne half roten and that ihe 
ftanke/ and demed in them felf that ihe myght not lyue longe/ and 
that it ihold be grete damage of hyr deth for the fouerayn beaute 
that was in hyr/ And Incontynent the fone of the due of bourgoyn 
took hys leue of the doulphyn/ and returned in to hys contrey/ and 


66 Paris & Vienna. 

recounted to hys fader the lyf of vyenne/ wherof alle they that herde 
hym had grete pyte in theyr herte/ 

WHan the doulphyn fawe that the maryage was broken/ by 
the defraulte of his doughter Vyêne/ he fware that íhe ihold 
neuer departe fro thens/ but yf fhe wold confente to hys wylle/ 

And fo fhe abode longe tyme in that pryfon where fhe had grete 
thought and forowe for hyr fwete and trewe frende parys/ & hyr 
defyre was on noo thyng but for to here tydynges of parys hyr loue/ 
But in the eftate that fhe was in/ no man myght brynge hyr tyd- 
ynges/ And Edward the felowe of Parys feyng that Vyenne abode 
in foo grete payne/ and that none durft fpeke to hyr/ he had in his 
herte grete forowe/ & was moche moeued of grete pyte/ and alfo 
for the grete loue that he had to parys/ And concluded to 
make a chapel in the chyrche that touched the palays of the dol- 
phyn and in a corner he dyd do dygge fo depe that it was nyghe 
to the foundement of the pryfon/ wherein vyenne was/ and by 
caufe he wold not haue the thyng dyfclofed/ he wold that they 
fhold dygge no ferther/ and whan the chapel was achyeued and fyn- 
yffhed/ Edward alle allone dygged hym felf fo ferre/ that he made 
an hole/ by whyche he fpake to vyenne whan he wold whyche caue 
was made fo fecretly that no man my3t apperceyue it/ Soo it happed 
on a day Edward byhelde vyêne thurgh this hole/ & falewed hyr/ & 
thenne whan vyenne herd hym & knewe hym/ ihe had fo grete Ioye 
& confolacyon/ that fhe femed that fhe was ryfen fro deth to lyf/ & 
the fyrrr. tydynges that Vyenne demaunded of hym were yf he knewe 
ony tydynges of parys & edward tolde to hir that it was not longe 
fyth/ that he had receyued a letter fro hym/ wryton at genes/ Thenne 
faid vyêne al wepyng to hym/ alas whan ihal p e day come that I ihal 

Paris (fef Vienna. 67 

fee hym/ & that doon I wold be còtente that god ihold do his wylle of 
me/ for none other thyng I defyre in this world/ Alas fayr brother 
what femeth you of my lyf & of this fayr chambre in whyche I 
dwelle in/ certeynly I byleue veryly/ that yf parys knewe it/ J? 1 for 
his loue I fuffre thus moche forowe/ that the hert of hym ihold fvvelte 
for forowe/ and after ihe tolde to Edward the parlament that ihe had 
with the fone of the due of bourgoyne/ & alfo of the henne/ & 
prayed hym W he wold fende worde of al thys to parys & that fhe 
recommaunded hyr to hym/ & alfo that fhe had none other hope in 
thys world but in hym/ Edward brought to hyr euery day fro thêne 
forthon mete & drynke/ & al that was neceflarye to hyr/ for hyr lyf/ 
& comforted hyr with fayr wordes the beft wyfe he myght/ & 
Edward wrote al playnly to parys/ how for hungre ihe ihold haue 
been dede/ ne had he ben/ whyche dayly pourueyed for hyr al that 
was to hym neceifarye/ and he wrote to hym alle the manere that 
Vyenne had holden wyth the fone of the Duke of Bourgoyne And 
that thys fayre lady Vyenne defyred noo thynge in this world but for 
to fee hym onely And alfo that ihe prayed hym that he ihold not 
departe oute of the contree that he was in/ 

WHan the noble Parys had receyued the letter fro Edward and 
knewe that vyenne abode in pryfon/ it is no nede to de- 
maunde yf he had grete defp[l]ayfyr/ & almooft was in fuche caas/ as 
to lefe his wytte for forowe/ And on that other parte he had grete 
drede that ihe ihold be maryed in efchewyng of the grete harme & 
payne that ihe fuffred/ and herein he was penfyf nyght and day/ 
fayeng to hym felf/ I fee wel that I may not efcape but that vyenne 
muft nedes be maryed/ and by that moyen hyr loue and myn fhal 
fay lie/ Alas now fee I wel that now me byhoueth noo hoope ne trufte/ 

68 Paris £&f Vienna. 

Alas caytyf and vnhappy what ihal byfalle of me/ I ihal goo fo 
ferre/ that fro hyr I may neuer here tydynges/ ne alfo ihe fro me/ 
and after this he bygan ageyn hys complaynte fay en g/ O veray god 
of heuen wherfore haft thou not doon to me foo moche grace/ that in 
the ftcde of hyr I myght fuffre the payne that ihe fuffreth for me/ 
C O cruel fortune ful of cruel tormente/ and what hath vyêne doon 
or made that ihe muii fuffre fo greuous penaunce/ Alas were it not 
more reafon/ Iuftyce and caufe that I whyche haue doon alle thys 
euyl bere the punycyon/ certes yes/ 

C How Parysfente a letter to Edward hys felowe/ 

AFter that he had made hys còplaynte/ he wrote a letter vnto 
Edward/ doyng hym to wyte how he had fouerayn forowe for 
vyêne whiche was in pryfon/ and he thanked hym of the goodnes and 
dylygence that he had doon toward hyr/ in prayeng hym that he 
neuer wold fay lie hyr/ but contynuelly ayde and helpe hyr/ C And 
after he wrote to hym how for veray dyfplayfyr and melancolye he 
wold goo in to fomme ftraunge contreye/ And that fro than forthon 
he ihold fende to hym noo moo letters/ And that he neuer retche for 
to here moo tydynges fro hym/ nomore than of a deed perfone/ 
C Thenne whan Edward had receyued thefe letters fro Paris and 
knewe that he wold eftraunge hym fro that contree of genes/ and 
wold goo in to a ftrange contreye he was moche wroth and fore 

C And thenne Incontynent parys 1 wente and tolde it to the fader 
and moder of Parys/ wherof they toke fo grete forowe that they fup- 
pofed to haue lofte theyr wytte/ And after edward wente and tolde 

1 Query Edward. 

Paris {§? Vienna. 69 

it alio to vyenne/ wherof it nedeth not to demaunde the grete forowe 
that fhe had/ for it was To grete and ouermoche/ that yf edward had 
not comforted hyr ihe had been dede/ And thenne fhe complayned 
to yfabeau fayeng that fythen fhe neuer entended to here tydynges of 
hyr loue Parys fhe was ryght wel contente to deye and that fhe wold 
neuer more haue playfyr of no thynge th'at was in thys world/ and 
that thenne ihe wold that fhe were dede/ And yfabeau comforted 
hyr alwaye 

C How parys wente to fliyppe at venyjej for to goo to the holy 
Jepulcre in Iherufalemj 

AFter that paris had fent the letter to Edward Incontynent he 
departed fro genes wyth hys feruaunte/ and wente to venyfe 
where he took fhyppyng/ and faylled fo ferre that he cam to alexan- 
drye / where he abode a fpace of tyme/ & after in that contrey he 
enformed hym & lerned the waye to the moûte of caluarye and of 
Iherufalem/ and how he myght pafTe furely / And afterward Parys 
concluded to goo in to that contrey a pylgrymage/ but tofore or he 
took hys waye/ he lerned for to fpeke the langage of moores/ And 
whan Parys coude wel fpeke mouryike/ he and his varlet took the 
waye toward ynde/ Ande fo ferre laboured by theyr Iourneyes/ that 
they arryued in the londe of prefter Iohan/ In whyche he dwelled a 
longe tyme And in that whyle hys berde grewe longe/ and after he 
took the habyte of a more/ and alfo lerned alle the cuftommes and 
maners of the contree/ And he had alle waye fafte byleue in our 
lord Ihefu Cryfte/ and in the gloryous vyrgyn marye hys fwete 
moder/ And thus abydyng in thys maner he had grete wylle to goo 
to Iherufalem to the holy fepulture/ for to fee the holy fayntuaryes/ 
& for taccomplyffhe the holy pylgremage Thêne whan he was in 

jo Paris &* Vienna. 

Iherufalem/ he fette al his courage in deuocyon/ & bycam fo deuoute 
that it was meruaylle/ and prayed contynuelly our lord that by the 
meryte of his paftyon he wold gyue to hym faluacyon of hys foule/ 
& confolacyon for his body & alfo for fayr vyenne/ & after he de- 
parted fro thens and wente in to Egypte/ and arryued in the contree 
of the foudan/ & hys money bygan to faylle/ & hyred hym a litel 
hous wherin he dwellyd moche heuy and forouful for hys Infortune/ 
And alfo he had grete defplayfyr whan he fawe other tryumphe and 
wexe lordes/ Now it happed on a day that parys wente to playe and 
dyfporte hym out of the toun in the feldes/ and there mette with the 
faulconners of the foudan/ whyche came fro hawkyng/ and emonge 
them was one fawcon moche feke/ and that fawcon the fowdan loued 
befte of alle the other/ Thenne demaunded Parys of the fawconner 
what fekenefTe the fawcon had/ And the fawconner fayd to hym that 
he wyft not/ Thenne fayd paris truly yf he contynue in the maladye 
that he hath he ihall not lyue thre dayes/ but yf ye doo that I ihal 
fay to you/ and yf he be not hole therwyth he ihal neuer be hole/ 
Thenne fayd p e fawlconner to hym/ I praye you that ye wyl telle me 
what I ihal do for I enfure you faythfully/ that yf ye may make hym 
hole/ it ihal mowe auaylle you and me alfo and that I promyfe you/ for 
the fouldan had leuer lofe the befte cyte that he hath than this fawcon/ 
Thenne Parys wente and fought certayn herbes/ and gaf them to the 
fawlconner and bad hym to bynde them to the feet of the fawcon/ 
and fo he dyd/ and fone after the fawlcon amended and becam as 
hole as euer he had be tofore/ wherof J? e fouldan was moche Ioyous/ 
and for loue of thys faulcon/ the fouldan made the fawlconner a grete 
ferd ' in hys courte/ Thenne the faulconner feyng that by the moyen 

1 Query lord. 

Paris & Vienna. 71 

of parys he had goten thys lordihyp/ he dyd to hym moche playfyr/ 
& ihewed to hym as grete amytye and frendihyp as he 1 had ben hys 
brother/ & brought hym in the grace of the fouldan/ and was re- 
ceyued in to hys courte/ & the fouldan loued hym foo wel/ that he 
gaf to hym grete offyce/ and mayntened .hym in grete honour/ ye 
ihal vnderftonde that in thys tyme regned a moche holy pope/ the 
whych was named Innocent/ and was a moche holy perfone & de- 
uoute/ And it plefed foo hym that he gaf oute a croyfee/ ayenft the 
fals myfcreauntes & hethen men/ to the ende that the name of our lord 
Ihefu cryft were more fayntefyed and enhaunced thurgh out al cryf- 
tyente/ And therfore was maad a grete counceyl emonge the car- 
dynals and prelates/ & was concluded by theyr parlament that thys 
croyfee mold be wryton to the kyng of fraunce/ and to other kynges 
cryften/ dukes/ Erles and other grete lordes/ and fo was it doon/ 

tT How the doulphyn came toward the kyng of Fraunce I 

WHan the kyng of france had receyued the letters fro the 
pope/ Incontynêt he fente for the doulphyn of vyennoys/ that 
he ihold come and fpeke wyth hym/ the whiche Incontynent came at 
his commaundement/ Thenne the kynge fayd to hym/ Syr Godefroy/ 
we haue made you to come hyther/ for ye be one of p e mooft wyfeft of 
our courte/ & alfo ye be of our lygnage/ And we late you wete that 
our holy fader the pope hath wryton to vs that he hath yeuen a 
croyfee ayenft the mefcreaútes wherfore we for the loue and reuerence 
of god entêde for to goo thyder/ Neuertheles we haue aduyfed/ that 
ye ihold goo fyrft in to thoo partyes/ & we praye you for the loue 

1 Caxton has be. 

j 2 Paris ÊP Vienna. 

and reuerence of god that ye take on you the charge for to efpye the 
contrees and alfo the paifages/ Thenne the doulphyn fayd/ I am redy 
& apparaylled to do your comaundement wyth good wylle/ But how 
ihal I mowe doo it for to paiTe furely emonge the hethen peple/ 
For yf they apperceyue in ony wyfe that I goo for to efpye theyr 
contree/ I fhal not conne efcape/ but that I muft deye by cruel deth 
yf god kepe me not/ Thenne fayd the kyng ye may goo and your 
companye furely clothed in habyte of pylgryms/ for ye knowe wel 
that thys is not the fyrft tyme/ that many cryften men haue been in 
the holy londe/ wherfor I praye you yet eft ones that in p e name of 
Ihefu cry ft that ye make you redy for to goo thyder/ and take wyth 
you of our knyghtes as meny as it fhal playfe you/ 

C Thenne the doulphyn feyng the wylle of the kyng/ and that 
Incontynent he muft departe/ he fente letters to hys wyf/ that he 
wold goo in to the holy londe to feche the holy fayntuaryes & pyl- 
grymages/ and prayed hyr that fhe moche wyfely ihold gouerne hys 
londe/ & that vyenne hys doughter ihold not efcape oute of pryfon 
tyl he retourned for in ihorte tyme he wold come ageyn/ 

<E How the Doulphyn took hys ftiyppyng for to goo in to Iherujalemj 

AFter that the doulphyn had taken hys ihyppe/ & paiTed in to 
Surrye and damaike/ to Iherufalem and in many other places/ 
&" had aduyfed and efpyed moche wyfely and wel alle the contree/ 
And enquyred of the cryften men that dwellyd there many thynges/ 
without dyfcoueryng his wylle and entente/ Neuertheles fomme euyl 
cryften men for to gete money tolde it vnto the fouldan of baby lone/ 
G Thenne whan the fouldan knewe it/ he maad noo femblaunte/ but 
Incontynent he made all the paifages to be kept where as the pyl- 

Paris & Vienna. 73 

gryms went by in fuche manere as the doulphyn was taken & alle 
hys companye wyth hym in a place called Ramon not ferre fro Iheru- 
falem/ whyche was brought tofore the fouldan/ and he ordeyned that 
the doulphyn mold be tormented and pyned/ The doulphyn feyng 
hym felf in fuche a poynte fayd that they (hold not tormente hym/ 
and he wold fay to them the trouthe/ & thus he recounted to the 
fouldan how the Pope had gyuen oute a croyfee ayenft them/ & how 
he was comen to efpye the contreye/ whan the fouldan fawe thys/ he 
fayd that he wold aduyfe hym of what deth he wold do hym to deth/ 
in maner that al other ihold take enfaumple/ And commaunded that 
anone he ihold be ledde in to alyfandrye/ & there to be put in to an 
harde pryfon/ and alfo that none ihold gyue to hym but brede and 
water/ Thenne the doulphyn was brought in to Alyfandrye/ & was 
put in to an hard and ftronge toure/ & there he fuffred a myferable 
lyf/ and had kepars that kept hym ny3t and day/ Thus was the doul- 
phyn in grete forowe/ thynkyng neuer to yiTue out of p l pryfon but 
dede/ Neuertheles the Pope and the kyng of Fraunce dyd ofte tymes 
grete payne to haue hym out by fynaunces/ but they myght not haue 
hym/ C For the fouldan fayd that he ihold do on hym fuche puny- 
cyon/ that al other ihold take enfaumple/ Now late vs leue to fpeke 
of the doulphyn/ and retorne we to Parys that knewe no thynge of 
thefe tydynges 

NOw recounteth thyftorye that parys was in babylone lyke as ye 
haue tofore herde/ whyche knewe noo thynge of thys fayte/ 
So it happed that by aduenture ij freres relygyous fought thyndul- 
gences of the holy lande & aryueden in babylone/ where they wold 
fee the feygnorye & the puyifaunce of the fowdan/ For thenne the 
fowdan helde hym in Babylone wyth moche grete puyifaunce/ Thefe 


74 Paris âf Vienna. 

two freres were of thefe partyes/ whyche beyng in tho partyes it 
happed as they wente in the towne parys fonde them/ Thenne parys 
falewed them & demaunded of thefe partyes and fayd to them in 
thys manere/ After that I haue herde fay emonge you cryften men 
ye haue a Pope/ the whyche is moche ftronge & puyiTaunt/ And 
alfo ye haue many kynges/ & grete lordes/ & fo grete townes cytees 
and caftellys/ that I haue merueyll how ye fufFre that we that be not 
of your lawe haue the feygnorye of the holy lande whiche ought to 
apperteyne to you as ye fay/ And whan the freres had herde Parys 
thus fpeke/ they were fore aferde/ And one of them anfuerd in the 
langage of moure/ For they wyft none other but parys was a moure/ 
èc fo dyd al they of the contrey/ & he fayd to hym/ Syr I byleue wel 
that ye haue herd fay/ that in our partyes been afTembled grete compa- 
nyes of peple & men of warre for to come in to thyfe partyes/ by caufe 
that our holy fader the Pope/ hath graunted oute a croyfee/ and in 
the tyme whyles our men of warre afTembled/ the kynge of fraunce 
whiche is the gretteft of cryftyente/ fente a noble baron whyche is 
named the doulphyn of vyennoys for to vyfyte and efpye thefe 
partyes/ Thenne he beyng in thefe partyes/ the fouldan fette men in 
fuche places where as the pylgryms were accuftomed to paiTe/ And 
fodeynly he dyd do take hym in a cyte named Ramon/ and after 
fente hym in to Alyfandrye/ and there fette hym in an euyl pryfon/ 
wherein I fuppofe that he be dede/ and thus for thys caufe/ the fayt 
was dyfcouerd/ Thenne fayd Parys how is that lord named/ Thenne 
fayd the frere/ he is named godefroy of Allaunfon doulphyn of 
vyennoys/ And whan parys herde thys he was moche abafihed/ but 
he made noo femblaunter/ And thought in hys hert/ that hys ad- 
uenture myght yet come to good and effecte/ Thenne he demaunded 
them of many thynges/ and fayd to them/ that he wold more fpeke 

Paris & Vie?ina. 75 

to them another tyme/ and demaunded them where they were lodged/ 
and they tolde hym more for drede than for loue/ for they thought 
he wold haue doon to them fomme harme/ 

WHan Parys was departed fro the freres/ he was moche penfyf 
how and in what maner he myght goo in to Alexandrye for 
to fee the doulphyn/ & how he myght gete hym oute of pryfon/ and 
fo moche he thought on his fayte/ that he purpofed to goo to the 
hoftry where the freres were lodged/ and foo wente thyder/ & whan 
the freres fawe hym/ they were fore aferde Thenne parys took them 
by the handes/ and ladde them to folace thurgh p e cyte fpekyng of 
many thynges alwaye in the langage of moure/ & fayd to them/ I 
haue grete defyre to fee that cryften knyght whiche is in alexandrye 
For I haue alwaye had good wylle to the cryften men/ peraduenture 
I myght yet wel helpe hym/ & yf ye wyl come with me I promyfe 
you by my lawe/ that I ihal make you good chere/ & doubte ye 
nothyng/ and thenne whan the freres herde hym thus fpeke they 
wyft not what to anfuer/ they had fo grete fere/ Neuertheles they 
truftyng in the mercy of god/ they promyfed hym/ that they fhold 
goo wyth hym/ though they mold deye/ & prayden god in theyr 
courage that he wold graunte grace that he myght come oute of 
pryfon/ Thenne Parys had grete playfyr of the anfuer of the freres 
& wende neuer to fee Y houre/ that he myght be wyth the doulphyn 
for to fee the ende of his aduenture/ and fo departed fro the freres/ 
and wente ftrayte to the faulconner of the fouldan wyth whom he had 
grete knowleche/ & fayd to hym/ Seynour I thanke you of the grete 
honour/ curtofye & gentylnes that ye haue do to me/ & playfe it 
you to wyte that I wyl departe fro hens in to alyfandrye/ and I pro- 
myfe to you that for your loue I mail not tarye longe/ but that I 

7 6 Paris & Vienna. 

íhal retorne hyther ageyn/ And by caufe I am there vnknowen/ and 
that I neuer was there/ I praye you ryght humbly/ that I my3t haue 
a maundement of the fouldan/ that he commaunde to the gouernours 
that I may goo thorugh alle hys londe furely/ For ye knowe wel that 
one may not kepe hym ouer wel fro euyl peple/ Therfore I praye 
you and requyre that ye wyl gete me fuche a maundement/ and alfo 
that ye wyl commaunde me humbly to the good grace of my lord 
the fouldan/ and forthwyth the faulconner wente to the fouldan 
and made hys requefte for Parys/ & Incontynent the fouldan 
graunted hym al hys defyre/ fayeng that it moche defplayfed hym/ 
of the departyng of parys & yf he wold abyde & dwelle in hys 
courte he wold make hym a grete lord/ Thenne the faulconner fayd/ 
Dere fyr he hath promyfed me/ that in ihort tyme he ihal retorne/ 
Thenne the fouldan dyd do make the maundement lyke as he wold 
deuyfe/ chargyng al his lordes offycers & fubgettes of townes cytees 
& caftellys of his londe that they ihold do to hym grete honour/ 
& that they ihold gyue & delyuer to hym al that mold be 
necefTarye to hym wythout takyng ony money or ony other thynge 
of hym/ And alfo the fouldan gaf to Parys many ryche clothes 
& veftymentes of cloth of gold and of fylke/ and alfo he gaf to 
hym grete trefour/ prayeng hym that he ihold not longe tarye/ 
but haftely retorne ageyn/ & promyfed hym that he ihold make hym 
a grete lord/ and delyuerd hys maundement/ the whyche was fealed 
wyth the propre feale of the fouldan/ and fygned wyth hys owne 

WHan Parys had receyued alle thefe thynges that the fouldan 
had gyuen to hym/ he took leue of hym and of hys courte 
& went with the freres in to Alexandrye/ Incontynent after he was 

Paris & Vienna. 77 

comen he iriewed the maundement to the admyral/ the whyche anon 
after he had feen it dyd grete honour to Parys/ and delyuerd to hym 
a fayr lodgyng pourueyed of al thynges neceifarye/ and delyuerd 
another to the freres/ Thadmyral came euery day to fee parys in hys 
lodgyng for to do hym honour and companye/ and wente & rode to 
gyder thorugh the cyte/ and by caufe that Parys was rychely clad/ 
euery man made to hym grete honour and fayd that he femed wel to 
be the fone of fòme grete moure And on a day as they rode in the 
cyte they paiTed forth by the toure where as the dolphyn was in 
pryfon/ C Thenne Parys demaunded of the admyral what toure it 
was that was fo fayre/ Thenne he tolde to hym y it was a moche 
cruel pryfon & terryble In whyche the fouldan helde a pryfonner a 
grete lord & baron of the theile '/ whyche was comen for tefpye thefe 
contreyes/ Thêne fayd parys I praye you late vs goo fee hym/ & the 
admyral fayd he ihold gladly/ Thenne they alyghted fro their horfes/ 
& entred in to the pryfon/ and whan parys fawe the doulphyn/ he 
had in hys hert grete defplayfyr/ by caufe of the myferable & forouful 
lyf that he fuffred/ & Parys demanded of p e kepars what man he 
was/ And they fayd/ that he was a grete baron of Fraunce/ Thenne 
fayd parys/ vnderftondeth he mouryffhe/ and they fayd nay/ but 
that notwythilondyng yf he wold fpeke to hym/ that they ihold 
fynde tourchemen ynough/ Thenne fayd Parys he wold retorne 
another day for to demaunde of hym of the partyes of the wefte/ 
& prayed thadmyral to gyue comandement to the kepars/ that as 
ofte as he ihold come/ that they ihold fhewe hym to hym/ & 
Incontynent he comanded lyke as parys had defyred/ & thenne they 
departed/ & a fewe dayes after parys returned and came to the pryfon 

1 Query wefte. 

78 Paris & Vienna, 

and brought one of the freres wyth hym that coude fpeke mouryike/ 
& whan they were wythin the pryfon/ paris fayd to the frere that he 
mold falewe hym curtoyily/ Neuertheles the frere knewe noo thynge 
that parys coude fpeke frenf fhe/ Thenne the frere fayd to the doul- 
phyn/ that that lord was come for to vyfyte hym/ & that he loued wel 
cryften men/ & that he was wel in the grace of the fouldan/ and that 
he trufted ys moche in hym as in ony man of hys contreye/ & thus 
the frere demaunded many thynges of the doulphyn in the name of 
parys/ and fayd yf he myght doo for hym he wold gladly 

WHan the doulphyn herde the relygious frere thus fpeke in the 
perfone of the moure/ he was moche abafihed in hys courage/ 
byfechyng our lord that he wold put hym in fuche courage & good 
wylle for to brynge hym out of pryfon Parys defyred to here tyd- 
ynges of the fayr vyenne fayd to the frere/ that he mold aike of the 
doulphyn yf he had ony wyf or chyldren/ Thenne the dolphyn 
began to wepe/ & faid that he had a wyf/ & a doughter holden for 
the fayreft of Fraunce/ whom he helde in pryfon bycaufe ihe wold 
take noo hufbond/ Thenne paris began to comforte hym by the 
mouthe of the frere/ fayeng that he ihold take alle in pacyence/ & 
god mold yet ones delyuer hym oute of pryfon/ by whyche wordes 
the doulphyn was fo reioyced & Ioyous/ that hym femed that god 
had appyered to hym/ & the doulphyn fayd to the frere that it was 
grete pyte that the moure was not cryften/ & prayed our lord that he 
wold gyue to hym puyifaunce to kepe hym in that good wylle that 
he had & fo departed that one fro that other moche comforted/ 
Thenne parys fayd to the kepars that he had founde fo grete playfyr in 
the pryfonner/ that he wold ofte tymes come for to dyfporte hym 
and they fayd whan it playfed hym he ihold retorne & be welcome/ 

Paris &? Vienna. 79 

and thenne parys fayd to the freres that were in p* place yf I thought 
to be fure of you/ I thynke wel to fynde the moyen to brynge thys 
pryfonner out of pryfon/ & the freres were moche admerueylled of 
thys whiche parys had fayd to them/ and they fayd to hym/ by 
the fayth that we owe to our god/ that of vs ye nede not to doubte/ 
& in caas that ye be in wylle late vs áíTaye but it muft be doon 
fecretely / for ye fee wel how manv kepars been there contynuelly/ 
Thenne fayd Parys I ihal gyue to you good counceyl and remedye of 
alle thys/ but I wyl haue two thynges/ The fyrft thynge is I wyl 
that ye goo wyth me/ That other is that he ihal gyue to me my 
lyuyng honourably in hy r s contre/ for I am in grete doubte whan I 
haue delyuerd hym and ihal be in hys contreye that he wyl fette 
nought by me/ and I can noo meftyer ne crafte/ and foo I myght be 
wel deceyued/ Therfore yf he wyl aíîure me/ & that he wyl gyue to 
me a yefte fuche as I ihal demaunde hym whan I ihal be in hys con- 
treye/ I ihal delyuer hym & ihal leue my contree for loue of hym/ 
& ye may fee in what eftate I am/ 

ON the morne Parys and the freres came in to the pryfon & the 
frere recounted al thys to the doulphyn & whan the doul- 
phyn vnderftood thys/ hym thought that god bare hym awaye/ & 
fayd I thanke god & thys moure of the good wylle that he hath 
toward me For I neuer dyd hym feruyce ne playfyr wherfore he 
ought to do fo moche for me/ Neuertheles I hope that is the playfyr 
of god that he ihal delyuer me oute of pryfon/ I am redy to fwere 
vpon the body of Ihefu Cryft or I euer departe from hens ' that 
aíïone as I ihal be in myn owne lande I ihal mayntene hym in more 
gretter eftate/ than he ne is here and I wyl that he doo alle hys wylle 
of al my londe/ for it ihal fuffyfe to me onely that I haue a lyuyng 

8o Paris êf Vienna. 

for me and my wyf/ and I ihal do al that he wylle/ and fo fay ye to 
hym on my behalue/ And thenne the frere tolde al to parys that 
whych the doulphyn had fayd and promyfed to do/ and to thende 
that parys mold be more fure/ he fayd to the frere that he mold 
brynge tofore hym the body of our lord Ihefu cryft/ and that tofore 
hym he mold fwere to holde alle that he promyfed/ and the frere 
tolde it to Parys/ and the doulphyn fware it tofore Parys to accom- 
plyfihe alle that he had promyfed And whan he had fworne/ to the 
ende that Parys mold be the better contente/ the doulphyn receyued 
the precyous body of our lord Ihefu Cryft/ fayeng that it {hold be to 
the dampnacyon of hys foule/ in caas that he accomplyfihed not al 
that he had promyfed whan they ihold be in his londe/ and whan 
thys was doo parys and the freres departed fro the doulphyn/ and 
wente to the porte/ for to wyte yf there were ony fufte that wold 
come hytherward/ and by aduenture they fonde a fufte/ and Parys 
wyth the freres fpake to the patrone/ and promyfed hym a M befaunts 
of gold yf they wold lete haue paifage fyue perfones/ The Patron 
feyng the grete trefour/ fayd to them that he was contente/ but he 
wold haue half at the porte/ and fayd to them/ lordes I praye you 
make you redy/ For in caas that the moures of thys londe fonde 
vs we ihold be al dede C/ Thenne fayd Parys make your felf al 
redy/ for thys nyght at mydnyght I fhal come/ And after thys 
Parys retorned to hys lodgyng & dyd do make redy moche vytayll 
and the beft wynes that he coude gete & he with the freres maad 
prouyfyon of alle other thynges and mantellys and towellys/ 

WHan al was redy parys wente to the kepars of the pryfon and 
fayd/ I thanke you many tymes of the playfyrs that ye haue 
doon to me/ I wyl now departe fro hens for to retorne to my lord 

Paris & Vienna. 8 i 

the fouldan/ but for your loue I wyl foupe wyth you thys nyght and 
praye yow that we may foupe to gyder/ & they anfuerd that it wel 
pleafed them for his loue Thenne Parys fente for the vytayll & for 
the wyn/ and after it was come/ they fouped to gyder/ And the 
kepars which had not been accuitomed to drynke wyn/ dranke fo 
moche that they alle were dronke/ & Incontynent leyed them doun 
to ilepe/ & ilepte fo fafte/ that for noo thyng they coude not awake 
them/ & whan parys fawe that/ he fayd to the freres/ that they íhold 
vnfeter the doulphyn/ & that they ihold opene the yates of the 
pryfon/ & yf ony of the kepars awake I fhal flee hym/ Thenne the 
freres began to vnfetere the doulphyn wyth grete drede/ prayeng god 
to be theyr ayde and helpe/ And whan the doulphyn was loos he 
cladde hym lyke a moure After Parys ilewe alle the kepars one 
after another by caufe yf they awoke they ihold not come after them/ 

THys doon/ the doulphyn wyth parys and his varlet/ and the 
two freres camen to the porte/ and haftely entred in to the 
fufte which was al redy/ and wonde vp theyr fay lie/ and by the helpe 
of god began fo fail to fay lie that wythin fewe dayes they arryueden 
in a place that thenne was cryften and there the doulphyn wente a 
londe by caufe he was moche greued and annoyed as wel of the fee/ as 
for the harme that he had fuffred in pryfon/ and there borowed 
money/ and fro thens came in to cypres/ where was a kyng whyche 
had dwellyd in the courte of the kyng of fraunce The whiche as 
fone as he knewe that the doulphyn of vyennoys was come/ he went 
to mete hym and prayed hym that he wold come and lodge in hys 
paleys/ And the doulphyn wente thyder/ wherof the kyng had grete 
Ioye/ & there he made hym grete chyere/ for many tymes they had 
{&en eche other in j? e kynges court of Fraunce/ and after the kyng 


82 Paris & Vienna. 

demaunded hym of his aduenture/ & the doulphyn recounted it to 
hym al alonge ' and bycaufe of the comyng of the doulphyn he made 
moche grete fefte/ and receyued hym moche hyely/ and made hym to 
foiourne there as longe as it playfed hym/ And whan the doulphyn 
had foiourned there at his playfyr/ he took, leue of the kyng and of 
al hys courte/ thankyng hym moche of the grete playfyr y he had 
doon to hym/ The kyng feyng that the doulphyn wold departe/ he 
gaf to hym grete yeftes/ and dyd do arme two galley es whyche 
accompanyed hym/ and brought hym vpon the fee/ and had foo 
good wynde that in fewe dayes after they brought hym in to aygues 

WHan the doulphyn was arryued/ the knyghtes of the doul- 
phyne herde it anone/ and forthwyth maad them redy & 
went to horiback & mette wyth hym at aygues mortes/ & there 
receyued hym in grete honour/ & fo came forth the ry3t waye to 
vyenne/ and for Ioye of hys comyng/ al they of the cyte made a 
moche noble and meruayllous fefte/ whyche endured wel fyftene 
dayes/ & the playfyr & Ioye was fo grete emonge them by caufe they 
had recouuerd theyr lord/ that noo man fhold and coude haue thought 
it/ Parys in alle this wyfe neuer chaunged hys vefture ne clothyng 
but contynuelly wente to maife/ and by the commaundement of the 
doulphyn the people dyd hym grete reuerence & honour/ fo moche 
that parys was aihamed therof/ and fpake noo thynge but mouryike/ 
And he had a grete berde/ and made to noo perfone of the world ony 
knowleche/ and after a whyle of tyme/ the doulphyn for taccomplyfihe 
that he had promyfed to parys by the frere/ dyd do fay to parys and 
do demaunde yf he wold haue the feygnourye of hys londe and 
contree/ For he was al redy for taccomplyfihe that/ whyche he had 

Paris & Vienna. 83 

promyíed And Parys made to hym anfuer/ that he fhold kepe ftylle 
hys londe/ Thenne the doulphyn dyd do demaúde hym yf he wold 
haue hys doughter vyenne/ and parys made the frere to fay ye/ for 
that pleafed hym wel/ And thenne they wente to hyr/ 

C Thenne whan they were tofore Vyenne the frere fpake firft 
Madame ye knowe wel that my lord your fader hath ben a grete whyle 
in pryfon/ and yet mold haue been/ ne had haue been/ thys moure/ 
whyche hath faued hym/ puttyng hys perfone in ryght grete peryl 
and daunger for the loue of my lord your fader/ And thus ye may 
wel knowe how moche he is holden to hym/ & by caufe herof your 
fader is fubget to hym euer/ wherfore your fader prayeth you that 
vpon al the playfyr that ye wyl doo for hym/ that ye wyll take hym 
for your huibond/ And he ihal pardonne all the defplayfyr that euer 
ye dyd to hym/ whan the frere had fynyfihed his wordes/ vyenne 
anfuerd to hym fayeng/ The byffhop of faynt laurence knoweth wel 
that is here prefent that it is longe fyth that yf I wold haue be maryed/ 
I myght haue ben maryed wyth more honour vnto my fader/ than 
vnto this moure/ for the fone of the due of borgoyne had efpoufed 
me yf I wold haue confented but god hath put me in fuche a maladye/ 
that I may not longe lyue in this world/ & euery day my maladye 
encreaceth & fo enpayreth me that I am half roten wherfor I praye 
you to fay to my fader that he holde me excufed/ for at thys tyme I 
wyl not be maryed/ Thenne they took theyr leue of vyenne & re- 
counted alle thys to the doulphyn/ Thêne the doulphyn fayd to the 
frere that he fhold fay it to the moure/ & fo the frere tolde it al to 
parys/ and thenne parys which was aferde to lefe the loue of vyenne/ 
wente for to fee hyr in the pryfon with the frere & the byffhop of 
faynt laurence/ Thenne whan Parys fawe vyenne in that dyfpofy- 
cyon/ he had moche grete forowe & grete merueylle/ and thenne he 

84 Paris af Vienna. 

made the frere to falewe hyr in hys name/ and vyenne anfuerd vnto 
hys gretyng ryght curtoyily/ & the frere fayd in the name of parys/ 
Madame ye knowe wel I haue delyuerd your fader oute of pryfon/ 
wherof ye ought to haue fynguler playfyr/ & yet he ihold haue been 
there yf I had not haue been and holpen hym oute/ & he pardonneth 
you with good hert and good wylle alle the defplayfyrs that euer ye 
dyd ageynft hys playfyr/ And prayeth you that ye take me for your 
huibond/ and wyll that we haue the lordfhyp of the doulphyne/ and 
therfor I praye you/ that neyther ye nor I lofe not thys honour/ 
€[ And yet more though thys were not/ ye ought not to dyfobeye 
the commaundementes of your fader/ C And thenne vyenne anfuerd 
to the frere as to the perfone of Parys fayeng/ I knowe well that ye 
haue delyuerd my fader oute of pryfon/ Not wythftondyng my fader 
ihal haue fuche regarde ageynft you that ye ihal lefe noo thynge/ 
ÍT And I wote wel that ye be a man of grete lygnage/ & are thorthy ' 
to haue a gretter lady than I am/ But the byfihop of feynt Laurence 
whyche is prefent knoweth wel that for the maladye that I am in/ I 
may not longe lyue/ & thine fayd the frere in his name this is by 
caufe I am a moure that ye refufe me/ I promyfe you that I ihal 
become cryften/ but I thynke wel that yf ye knewe who that I am/ 
and what I haue lèfte for to brynge your fader oute of pryfon/ that 
ye wold preyfe me more than ye doo/ knowe ye for certeyn that your 
fader ihal be pariured/ for he hath prom y fed that ye ihal be my wyf 
wherof ye ihal haue blame/ therfore yf it playfe you graunte ye hym 
hys wylle/ Thenne fayd vyenne/ lord I haue herd fay moche good 
of you/ & that ye be he that haue doon fo moche for my fader/ but 
neuertheles in the maladye in the whyche I am/ none ought to coun- 

1 Read worthy. 

Paris &? Vienna. 85 

ceyl me to take an hufbond/ For my lyf may not longe endure/ and 
by caufe that ye may knowe that I fay trouth approche ye ner to me/ 
& ye ihal fele and fmelle in what dyfpofycyon I am of my perfone/ 
And thenne they approuched ner to hyr/ and vyenne had put two 
quarters of an henne vnder hyr two arme. hooles/ and there yfTued fo 
grete ftenche that the byfihop ne the frere myght not fuffre it/ 
Neuertheles the ftynche was to parys a good odour/ for he fmellyd it 
not & fayd I wote not what ye fmelle/ for I fele none euyl fauour/ 
And they meruaylled ltrongely/ by caufe he felte not the odour/ 
And the frere fayd in parys name/ For this odour ihal I neuer leue 
you & I aifure you I ihal neuer departe fro hens vntyl ye haue con- 
fented to that your fader wyl/ and vyenne anfwerd moche angrely & 
fayd by the fayth that I owe to god I ihal rather rêne wyth my hede 
ayenft the walle that I ihal make my brayn yífue oute of my mouth/ 
& fo ihal ye be the occafyon of my dethe/ Thêne fayd the frere ye 
ihal not fo doo madame/ For I promyfe you fro hens forth/ that I 
ihal neuer fpeke more to you/ fythe that it is not your wylle ne 
plefyr/ but atte lefte of one thyng I praye you/ that this nyght ye 
aduyfe you/ and I ihal retorne to morn for to haue of you an 
anfuer/ and ye ihal take counceyll of your felowe/ and I praye to 
god that ye may be wel counceylled/ and alle thefe thynges fayd the 
frere in the name of parys to vyenne/ And after they took theyr leue 
of vyenne/ and fayd alle to the doulphyn/ wherof he was thenne 
moche dyfpleafed/ and bad the frere to telle it alle vnto Parys for to 
excufe hym/ and that he ihold not leye the blame on hym/ C And 
whan they were departed fro vyenne/ ihe fayd to yfabeau/ My fayr 
fufter/ what femeth you of the wyfedom of my fader/ that thynketh 
that I ihold take thys moure to my hufbond/ and haue refufed the 
fone of the Duke of bourgoyne ' but god forbede that euer in my lyf 

86 Paris ^f Vienna. 

I haue other lord than Parys to myn hufbond/ whome I hope yet to 
haue/ & yfabeau fayd/ Certes Madame I wote not what to fay of 
your fader whyche wold gyue you to a moure in maryage/ I haue 
therof grete thought/ for he hath fayd that he ihal retorne to morn 
to fee you/ and hath fayd that ye ihold remembre and aduyfe you/ 

C How Parys came to fee vyenne in the pry/on/ and how 
/he knewe hymj 

ANd on the morn betymes Parys cladde hym moche more 
rychely than he had be accuftomed/ & gyrde wyth a moche 
ryche fwerde/ and came to the pryfon with the frere and the frere 
fayd to hyr/ Madame we been retorned for to knowe your good 
anfwer/ and your entencyon/ And vyenne anfuerd/ lordes myn en- 
tencyon is that I ihal neuer breke my promefTe that I haue made/ 
For I haue auowed that I ihal neuer take hufbond/ ne goo oute of 
this pryfon/ but dede fauf hym to whome I haue promyfed/ and 
therfore retorne ye in good tyme € Thenne fayd the frere/ by my 
fayth I wote not what to fay/ for it is grete dommage that ye fuffre 
fo moche forowe &; payne/ and fyth it is thus your wylle & that ye 
wyl none otherwyfe do/ Neuertheles the moure prayeth you/ that it 
may playfe you to do to hym fo moche grace/ that fyth ye wyl not 
take hym in maryage/ that ye wyl were thys rynge for the loue of 
hym/ Now thys rynge was the fame rynge that vyenne gaf to parys 
whan he departed fro hyr in the hows of the chappelayn/ and vyenne 
by caufe they ihold nomore come ageyn took the rynge/ & whan ihe 
had receyued the rynge/ parys fayd to the frere/ I praye you that ye 
tarye a lytel wythoute/ For I wyl fee what countenaunce ihe wyl 
make of the rynge/ and the frere fayd gladly/ Neuertheles he mer- 

Paris & Vienna. 87 

uaylled moche and Incontynent the frere wente oute and vyenne 
began to beholde the rynge/ and whan parys fawe that vyenne by- 
helde the rynge fo ftrongely / he began to fpeke in hys playne tongue/ 
and fayd/ O moche noble lady why be ye fo moche admeruayled of 
that rynge/ Thenne fayd vyenne/ Certesto my ferny ng I fawe neuer 
a fayrer/ C Thenne fayd parys/ Therfore I praye you that ye take 
therin playfyr for the more that ye byholde it the more ye fhal 
prayfe it/ 

WHan Vyenne herde the moure thus fpeke/ thêne fhe was 
more admeruaylled than tofore/ and was as a perfone al 
abaf ihed and fayd/ Alas am I enchaunted/ & what is thys that I fee 
and here fpeke And in fayeng thefe wordes fhe wold haue fledde 
for fere oute of the pryfon/ by caufe fhe herde the moure fo fpeke/ 
thenne fayd parys/ O moche noble lady vyenne/ meruaylle ye noo 
thynge/ ne haue ye noo doubte/ lo here is parys your true feruaunte/ 
and vyenne was thêne abafihed more than tofore/ Certes fayd fhe 
this may not be but by werke enchaunted/ & parys fayd/ Noble 
lady hit is none enchaunted werke/ For I am your feruaunt parys 
whyche lefte you with yfabeau in fuche a chyrche/ & there ye gaf 
to me the dyamond whiche now I haue delyuerd to you and there ye 
promyfed to me that ye wold neuer take huibond but me/ and be ye 
noo thynge admeruaylled of the berde ne of the vefture that I were/ 
for they take awaye the knovvleche of me/ & many other wordes fayd 
parys to vyenne/ by whyche fhe knewe clerely that he was parys and 
for the fouerayn loue that fhe bare to hym/ & for the grete Ioye that 
fhe had/ me began to wepe in hys armes/ and tembrace and kyife 
hym moche fwetely/ and there they comforted eche other wyth fwete 
wordes/ & fo abode longe tyme/ vyêne coude not ynough kyife hym 

88 Paris ílf Vienna, 

& enbrace hym/ and alfo parys demaunded of hyr of hyr aduenture/ 
& ihe tolde hym alle/ And of alle thys yfabeau had nothyng herde 
of/ for ihe was fafte a ilepe by caufe ihe had watched alle the nyght 
byfore/ and for the grete Ioye and fwetenes that parys & vyêne de- 
meaned bytwene them ihe awoke/ and whan ihe fawe vyenne beyng 
enbraced with the moure ihe fayd/ Madame what is thys that ye do/ 
haue ye lofte your wytte/ that fo enbrace this moure/ hath he en- 
chaunted you that ye fuffre hym foo famylyer wyth you/ and is this 
the fayth that ye kepe to parys/ for whom ye haue fuffred fo moche 
payne & forowe/ and vyenne fayd/ Swete fufter fay ye noo fuche 
wordes/ but come & take your parte of the folace that I haue/ for 
alfo wel haue ye founden good aduenture as I haue/ See ye not here 
my fwete parys/ whome fo moche we haue defyred/ Thenne yfabeau 
approched ner to hym & byhelde hym wel and fawe that it was parys/ 
and ihe wente & kyfTed hym/ & demened fo moche grete Ioye by- 
twene them thre/ that there is noo perfone in the world that myght 
fay ne thynke it/ but fo abode a grete whyle in thys foulas and Ioye/ 
tyl atte lafte parys fpack/ Swete vyenne it byhoueth that we goo hens 
tofore my lord the dolphyn your fader/ For now fro hens forth it 
is necefTarye that he knowe alle our fayte/ Neuertheles I praye you 
to fay nothyng/ tyl I defyre you/ and al thre came oute of the pry- 
fon/ and fonde the frere whyche meruaylled gretely and alle they to 
gydre wente to the doulphyn/ whyche had fouerayn playfyr whan he 
faw them And neuertheles he was moche abafihed how his doughter 
was fo come/ and thenne parys fayd to the frere/ Say ye to the doul- 
phyn that I haue conuerted hys doughter to hys wylle and to myn/ 
& that it playfe hym that ihe be my wyf/ & the frere fayd foo/ 
Thenne the doulphyn fayd to hys doughter/ wyl ye take thys man 
for your hufbond/ whyche hath delyuerd me oute of pryfon in grete 

Paris 6§f Vienna. 89 

peryl of hys perfone/ Thenne demaunded vyenne of Parys yf he 
wold that fhe fhold fpeke/ and parys fayd ye/ And thenne Vyenne 
fayd to the doulphyn/ My fader I am redy to do your commaunde- 
ment and hys/ and praye you to pardonne me & to gyue to me your 
benedyciyon/ and whan fhe fayd thus/ hyr fader pardonned hyr and 
gaf to hyr hys bleffyng & kyiTed hyr/ Thenne fayd vyenne loo here 
is my good frende Parys whome I haue fo moche defyred/ and for 
whome I haue fuffred fo moche payne & forowe and fader thys is he 
that fo fwetely fonge and floyted/ and that wanne the Iouftes in thys 
cyte/ and bare with hym the fhelde of cryftal and my garlonde/ & 
alfo thys is he that wanne the Iouftes in the cyte of paris and wan 
there the thre baners wyth the iij Iewellys/ and went awaye with them 
wythoute knowyng of ony man/ And alfo he hath delyuerd you out 
of pryfon puttyng hys lyf in Ieopardye for you/ and whan the doul- 
phyn vnderftood al thys he was meruaylloufly glad and Ioyous/ 
After al thys parys went to his fader/ & whan he fawe hym and 
knewe that he was hys fone parys/ whome he had fo longe defyred 
to fee/ he enbraced hym & kyiTed hym/ & for the loye that he had 
he coude not fpeke a word and after alle the other lordes & knyghtes 
ranne for tembrace & kyfle hym/ and after this loye Parys fader 
fayd to the doulphyn/ € My lord playfe it you that I may borowe 
mv fone home to my hous for to fee his moder and hys felowe 
Edward/ <T Thenne fayd the doulphyn it playfeth me ryght wel 
onely for thys day/ For to morn I wyl that the maryage of hym & 
my doughter be made & folempnyfed here/ And thenne meiTyre 
Iaques wente with hys fone vnto hys hous/ And whan he was there/ 
verayly his fader/ his moder/ and hys felowe Edward wyft not where 
they were for loye and playfyr that they had and that was noo 
wonder/ for they had no moo chyldren but hym/ and he fhold wedde 


ço Paris ^f Vienna. 

the doughter of their lord/ and alfo Parys was in that tyme become 
a valyaunte knyght/ and ful of al beaulte/ and for many reafons it 
was no meruayll though they had in hym grete Ioye and playfyr/ & 
Edward demaunded of hym of hys aduenture/ & many other thynges/ 
And he recounted and tolde hym alle/ 

C How Parys ejpoufed and wedded vyenne j and of the f eft e 
that was there made/ 

THenne on the morn the dolphyn gaf his doughter in maryage 
to parys And the fefte was moche noble and fumptuous/ 
For moche peple were comen thyder for to fee the fefte/ and it 
endured fyftene dayes/ And the playfyr and folace whyche was doon 
for the loue of Parys and of vyenne was foo grete/ that vnnethe it 
may be byleued/ whyche parys and Vyenne lyued to gyder a grete 
whyle in ryght grete confolacyon and playfyr/ but after thaccom- 
plyfihement of the maryage/ the fader and moder of parys lyueden 
not longe after in thys world/ and Parys had by vyenne hys wyf thre 
chyldren/ that is to wete two fones & one doughter/ And the doul- 
phyn ordeyned for them moche noble matrymonye/ And parys after 
the deth of hys fader and his moder wold that Edward hys dere 
felowe ihold be herytyer of al the goodes that hys fader lefte and 
gaf to hym yfabeau to hys wyf/ whyche lyued to gyder longe tyme 
in grete loue and Concorde/ And fone after the doulphyn & hys wyf 
deyeden/ And thenne was Parys doulphyn 1 and had the pofTefTyon 
of al the feygnourye/ the whyche lyued wyth vyenne in thys world 
fourty yere and ledde a good and holy lyf/ in fo moche that after 

1 Caxton has doulybyn. 

Paris & Vienna. 91 

thentendement of fomme men they be fayntes in heuen/ & they deyed 
bothe in one yere/ And femblably Edward and yfabeau deyed bothe 
tweyne in one yere/ Therfore late vs praye vnto our lord that we 
may doo fuche werkes in this world/ that in fuche wyfe we may 
accompanye them in the perdurable glorye of heuen Amen/ 

C Thus endeth thyftorye of the noble and valyaunt knyght parys/ 
and the fayr vyenne doughter of the doulphyn of Vyennoys/ tranf- 
lated out of frenffhe in to englyffhe by wylliam Caxton at weftmeftre 
fynyffhed the laft day of Auguft the yere of our lord M CCCC lxxxv/ 
and enprynted the xix day of decembre the fame yere/ and the fyrft 
yere of the regne of kyng Harry the feuenth/ 

€ Explicit p Caxton 





wy J - î J&Bljfc- u 6W"regp 



















^4 veríi^» Got/, a peculiar adjuration, put 
into the mouth of a high-born maiden 
of" fifteen. Fr. inn Z)iew. 

After al thys parys went to his fader. 
In the French copy, the exultation of 
" MeJJire Jacques " at the recovery of 
his loif. more quaintly and copioufly 
defcribed than in Caxton's text, for there 
we are told, "Comment Meifire Jacques 
couroit par les rues tout efFraye de ioye 
de la venue de Ion fils." 

Again fay, gain fay. Mortes. A Roman ftation (Aqua; 
Mortis), about fix miles inland, but accef- 
fible to the Mediterranean by a canal of 
navigable width. Here Louis IX em- 
barked for the Holy Land. The whole 
of this diftrici (now the French Depart- 
ment of the Gard) is flat and low, and 
there is a pofiibility that at one period 
Aigues-Mortes may have been on the 
fea. The ancient Roman canal is ftill 
in exiflence and ufe. 

Allenaye feen the noblenes that is in hym. 
Here we have a French idiom, but in 
the copy printed by M. TerrebaiTe the 
paffage does not occur, the narrative, 

which is far more copious, being differ- 
ently conducted. 

Arayed, fpoiled or difcomfited, but more 
ufually, foiled. I have a long note fome- 
where (perhaps in Old Englijh Jejt- 
Books), illufirating the fubjeci, fo far as 
I could at that time. See alfo Har- 
well's Dial, art., Araye. 

Armynak. Armagnac. 

Afsemble, v. to draw. 

Avayle, i.q. vayle, or vail, to lower, or 
ciminifh. Mr. Halliwell {Arch. Diet., 
voce Avayle) furnifhes an example of its 
ufe in the prefent fenfe. 

Baviers, Bavaria. 

Bijhop of St. Laurence. The French has 

" lefvefque de Saint Vincent," and adds 

" et autres gens deuots de religion." 
Body of our lord Ihefu cryfl. The bread 

and wine in the communion. 
Brennes, Brienne. There was no Duke 

of Brienne at fo early a period. 

Carnes. " Wyllyam fone to the due 
of Carnes." The French copy reads 


Glojfary and Notes. 

Chargeable, refponfible. 

Charles of France. There was no King 
Charles of France in 1271, and the 
French verfion lays merely, " En cellui 
temps que le roy Charles regnoit en 
France," leaving the reft to the imagin- 
ation. My impreffion is, that the 
prince intended was Charles the Simple, 
or the Fourth, who afcended the throne 
in 898, and whofe fon Louis became 
king in 936. At p. 28 the king's fon 
is explicitly called Lowis. I cannot 
reconcile the incidents related here with 
any other reign. It is tolerably evident 
that the romance was compofed when 
Dauphiny was a flourifhing ftate, inde- 
pendent of France ; and Dauphiny was 
united to that kingdom in 1349, ^ on § 
before which time the power of its 
princes had begun to decline. At a 
period, therefore, fo comparatively clofe 
to its annexation, the fcene of the prefent 
ftory can hardly be laid with a due adhe- 
rence to probability. 

Chere, the face or countenance. So, to 
change cheer, to change countenance. 

He made toward hyr heuy and euyll 
chere. In the French copy this is dif- 
ferently put," — et quant le Daulphin 
vit fa fille, il la receult moult celeement 
le plus quil peult, fans faire femblant 
nullement. Car il ne vouloit quilz 
fceuflent rien de fon fait." 

Contynuelly, immediately. 

Conflance the kynges fyjler of englond. 
I do not know who this lady may have 
been, as no king of England appears to 
have had a filler fo named. It is pro- 
bably an example of licence on the part 

of the author, and only one among 

Countenance, a grimace. 

Courage. In the French it is the fame, 
and Caxton gave it as he found it. In 
old French, courage = heart or mind. 
So Cotgrave, who gives an example of 
its ufe in this íènfe much later (161 1), 
" Tu cognois mon courage," that is, 
"Thou knoweft my minde." Mr. Halli- 
well {Arch. Dial., in voce) fays that it is 
Anglo-Norman. Levins, in his Dic- 
tionary, 1 570, explains courage to mean 

Croyfee, crufade. 

Cypres. Cyprus was an independent 
kingdom till the clofe of the fifteenth 
century, when it was abforbed by 
Venice. In 1192, Richard I. gave the 
iiland to Guy de Lufignan, ex-king of 
Jerufalem, who may be the perfon here 

Defend, prevent. 

Derkenes, cloud of forrow. 

Dolant. The French word is dolent, and 
Caxton's adoption of it feems an argu- 
ment in fupport of his having taken 
his compendium from a French copy. 
There are feveral other forms of fpeech, 
which tend to fhovv that our prototypo- 
grapher's original was a French edition, 
rather than a Flemifh or Dutch. 

Dolphin of Vienne. In the French copy 
(1835), it is faid that the prince auoit 
grant beaulte en foy, which does not 
occur in Caxton's text. 

Doubting, fearing. 

Doubtous, fearful. 

Glojfary and Notes. 


Doyng, making. Doyng hym to wyte. 

Dyane. In the French copy is the addi- 
tional information that ihe was the 
daughter of the Count of Flanders. 

Edward, fon of the king of England. In 
the French verfion the king himfelf is 
reprefented as being at Paris. " Le 
daulphin, le roy Dangleterre et le due 
de Normandie eftoient au chaffault," 
&c. (p. xiv.). The king of England's 
fon is mentioned three or four times. It 
is probably mere romantic licence ; but 
either Edward III. when Prince of 
Wales, or his fon, the Black Prince, 
might be intended. 

Egal, equal. This is one of the forms 
which appears to me to (how that Cax- 
ton reforted to a French edition anterior 
in date to any at prefent known. Such 
another word isfubget at p. 28. 

F.mbufihment, ambufcade. 

Entendement, mind, faculty ; Fr. entende- 
ment, Mettre fon entendement = to 
apply his whole mind. 

Entention, fixed defign. 

Excbaunge, bill of exchange. 

Fauce pojie. The French copy merely 
fays, " faillirent hors du iardin." 

Fayte, feat, faci, deed. 

Fellonye, anger. Old Fr. 

Fet, fetch. Fette, fetched. 

Fewter. " — he fentred hys fpere, and 
there cam ayenjl hym," Sec. I fulpeci 
that this is the true reading in Robert 
the Deuyll (E. E. P. Poetry of England, 
i. 232), only known to us at prefent in 
a not very accurate tranfeript from fome 
old printed edition : 

" He fentred his fpeare, and forth 
he gothe." 

In the ed. of R. the D. publiihed in 
1798, it ftands fentred : I conjectured, 

Floyted, played on the flute. 

Footman, a fervant on foot. 

Force, need. 

Free knight. Here a knight, I prefume, 
who having received no formal invita- 
tion to the tournament, was confidered 
an outfider. Paris is fo termed at p. 
18, becaufe, perhaps, he had come to 
the meeting fecretly, and did not accom- 
pany his father, who was unaware of 
his prefence. But elfewhere (p. 45) 
Vienne calls Paris a free knight, evi- 
dently fignifying, as ufual, noble or 

Fuji. " A light gaily that hath about 
16 or 18 oares on a fide, and two 
rowers to an oare." — Cotgrave's Diet., 
ed. 1650. 

Fynaunces, offer of money. 

Fyrft day of May. In England, and, per- 
haps, on the continent, the month of 
May (and among us June alio) was fet 
apart for tournaments. See Remains 
of E. P. P. of England, ii. 109, where 
a paflage is quoted from Harl. MS. 

Gene, Genoa. 

George. In the French copy, the man's 
name is Olivier, and the matter is differ- 
ently managed to fome extent. ''Quant 
Paris fut en fon hoitel il fen vim a vng 
fien efcuier, en quel il fe fioit moult, et 
auoit nom celui varlet Oliuier," &c. 

9 6 

Glojjary mid Notes. 

The whole narrative, indeed, is fo al- 
tered as to become, in the Engliih vol- 
ume, a diftinci ftory. 

Godefroy cCAlencon. Alençon was alien- 
ated from France in the reign of Charles 
the Simple, to which I refer the ftory 
of Paris and Vienna. In the romance 
this Godfrey d'Alençon, Dauphin of 
Vienne, is defcribed as a baron. I can 
find no account of him. 

Grant, confer.t. "At thefewordes graunted 
Parys," Sec. This intranfitive uie of 
the word is obfolete. 

Havoyr, poífeíîìon. It is ftill ufed in the 
Weft of England in a (lightly modified 
form, viz. having. The Anglo-Saxon 
word was haves, according to Mr. 
Halliwell ; but in the Promptorium 
Parvulorum (ed. Way), we get havure, 
havinge, or hawinge, all = Fr. havoir. 
The expreflion does not occur in Sip- 
pade's tranflation. 

He and Edward his felowe departed out 
of the cyte of parys. This is fomewhat 
differently and much better told in the 
French of La Sippade : " Paris fen vint 
deuant le roy et la royne fi enclina le 
chief en prenant congie deulx. Et le 
roy qui penfoyt que Paris voulfeift aler 
en fon longiz pour foy defarmer, lui 
donna congie. Adonc Paris hurta fon 
cheual des efperons et fen ala et Edouart 
le fuiuit apres. Mais ilz ne logierent 
point en la vile ains paiTerent dehors la 
porte ft* fen vindrent en vne ville qui eft 
a deux lieues de Paris pres ou ils furent 
bien logiez et bien aifiez." 

Heart. " Myn hert gyueth it me." This 

is poetical ; the meaning is clear. 
Again, there is much elegance and feli- 
city of expreflion, where Vienne is made 
to fay, a line further on, " In hym I 
haue putte the rote of myn entyere 

How Parys efpoufed and wedded Vyenne. 
In the French copy it is related, "Com- 
ment le roi de France et toute fa Ba 
ronnie furent au mariage de Paris et 

How Parys came to fee Vyenne in the 
pryfon, and how Jhe knewe hym. In 
the French copy a fcene, not found in 
Caxton's, is here introduced, in which 
Vienne is reprefented deploring the lofs 
of Paris at the fight of the diamond ring 
which fhe had formerly given to him, 
and which fhe now fuppofed had paifed 
from hand to hand, till it came into the 
poífeflîon of the counterfeit Moor. Then 
fhe thought that her vifion of Paris was 
realized. " Et puis tant regardoit lan- 
neau elle affermoit que ceftoitcellui que 
vne fois donna a Paris en nom de mari- 
age. Et lors elle dift, or voy ie bien 
que mon fonge eft vray, ceft que Paris 
eft mort, et apres fa mort ceft annel a 
eft tranfporte dune main a autre tant 
que finablement il eft venu en la main 
de ceft gentil homme, qui me la 

Imaginative, full of fancies, thoughtful. 

Innocent. This was Innocent III, and 
the Crufade was publifhed in 1 198. A 
pretty full account of it may be found 
in my Venetian Hijlory, chaps. 8, 9. 
But Michaud is of courfe more copious. 

Glojfary and Notes. 


It may be obferved, generally, that the 
narrative of the travels of Paris is con- 
duced with the indifference to geogra- 
phical precifion ufual in works of a ro- 
mantic character. 

John, Duke of Bourbon. This (if the | 
chronology fuggefted for Paris and 
Vienne be correct) is an example of j 
poetical or romantic licence ; for the 
firft Duke of Bourbon, a grandfon of 
Louis IX. of France, was ib created by 
Charles IV. [V.] in 1327, and his 
grandfon was the firil duke who bore 
the name of John. Under any circum- 
ftances, there appears to be a miftake, 
for Caxton or his tranflator adds, that 
this John was " neueu to the kyng of 
fraunce.'' The French copy of 1835 
makes no mention of a Duke of Bour- 
bon, but enumerates among the tilters 
Henry, fon of the Duke of Bourbon. 

Joujls. The fair Vienne, was, according to 
the ftory, " xv yere of age," and it may 
be coniidered that the power of dialogue 
which is given to her is a little over- 
drawn. But a far more curious circum- 
ftance is, that a degree of prowefs at the 
tournaments celebrated in thefe pages, 
which would have done honour to 
paladins, is attributed to youths who, 
according to the French text, varied in 
age from fifteen to five-and-twenty ! 
Paris himfelf was only eighteen, an age 
at which, in this degenerate era, men do 
not ufually find their phyfical powers 
thoroughly matured. 

Joyoujle, joy, or joyoufnefs. 

Ladies maidens, unmarried ladies. We 
ihould fay maiden ladies. 

Lerne, teach. This is now confidered a 
vulgarifm ; the word appears to have 
been anciently in ufe in this caufative 
fenfe, and thus to have poffeffed a quafi- 
tranfitive fignification, which it has 
fince loft. 

Livery, badge or device. 

Loenge, praife ; Fr. louange. 

Lowis. This may poffibly refer to Louis 
IV, who, in 936, became king of 

Lyghtly, readily, quickly. 

Majejly of Our Lord, The Hoft. 

Menchon, i. q. mynchyn, a nun. Caxton's 
text here, as elfewhere, is a mere cur- 
tailed paraphrafe of the original ro- 
mance. The phrafe, or its equivalent, 
does not occur there. Caxton feems to 
difcriminate between nun and minchen 
(or mynchen) ; but the fenfe, fo far as I 
am aware, is the fame. 

Mefchaunt, miferable, through having done 
ill (really or in fancy), 

Mufical injtruments. Caxton generalizes 
here ; but in the French text the word 
is aubades, which Cotg^ave renders, 
" Morning- mufick, fuch as /idlers play 
into chamber-windows." 

Muficians. " They were good mufytyens 
playeng." Mufic was confidered in 
ancient times rather a feparate profeflion, 
than as one which appertained to knight- 
hood. At this diftant date, the min- 
ftrels were a large and important body, 
with great and valuable privileges (which 
they too often abufed) ; and it is not 

9 8 

Glojfary and Notes. 

often that we find heroes of romance 
portrayed as even ambitious of pofleíling 
this fort of accompliihment. The 
French copy has, " car ils chantoient 
moult bien, et puis iouoient de leurs 
initrumens chançons melodieufes comme 
ceux qui de celui mejlìer ejioient les 

Naked. " The two yonge knyghtes that 
naked were from al armes," Sec. 
Naked merely means bare, of courfe, 
here ; but the term is ftill applied to a 
perfon who is unfurniihed with the 
means of defending himfelf. 

Now recountetb thyjlorye that parys was 
in babylone, {$c. In the French copy, 
between the account of the Dauphin's 
journey to the Holy Land, and his re- 
Jeafe by Paris from confinement, there 
is a chapter, omitted by Caxton, or, 
perhaps, not in the copy he ufed, fhow- 
ing " comment Vienne dans la prifon 
eult une virion de Paris." 

Ordure, impurity or uncleannefs. This 

is French again. 
Ought to be, ihould be by right. 

Parlament, converfation. The French 
copy reads parlement, and Caxton or 
his tranflator adopted the word without 

Party, lot. The phrafe is not in the ori- 
ginal, where Paris and Edward are 
accompanied by a fervant (varlet), who 
carries their inltruments, and for whofe 
fafety they provide, left he ihould fall 
into the hands of the knights, and fo 

they ihould be identified. I can find 
no account of the ufe of party in its 
prefent fenfe in any of the dictionaries ; 
but it feems to be merely the Fr. partie 
from Lat. partior, to divide, as by a 
lottery, or otherwife. 

Party, feftion, divifion. " Eyther of 
thefe thre partyes hoped," &c. 

Parys had by vyenne hys wyf thre chyl- 
dren. The French copy fays, " Sept 
enfans, quatre filz et trois filles." It alfo 
acquaints us with the faci that Paris be- 
came, after his father-in-law's death, 
Dauphin of Vienne, and reigned till he 
was ninety years of age, when he abdi- 
cated in favour of his eldeft fon, God- 
frey, Vienne and himfelf devoting the 
remainder of their lives to heaven. 
Paris lived to the age of 1 05, and Vienne, 
who furvived him five months, faw her 
97th year. 

Parys defyred to here tydynges of the 
fiyr vyenne, {£c. This elliptical form 
is very ufual in early Englifh. We 
ihould write, "Parys who defyred," 

Perfons. This word appears to be ufed 
here in an uncommon fenfe. There is 
no example of its employment in fuch a 
way in the ordinary dictionaries (Promp- 
torium, Palfgrave, Cotgrave, Levins, 
Nares, Halliwell). The meaning is 
perfonal, or rather, bodily, qualities. 

Prevy felowe. Vienne addreíTes Ifabel 
by the term, which was in this cafe 
nearly equivalent to our companion. 
She was evidently a perfon of gentle 
birth, and the dauphin's daughter fre- 
quently calls her fijler. 

Gloffary and Notes, 


Prefentacyon, reprefentation. Old Fr. 
" Dere brother (fays Edward, alluding 
to the defire Paris had expreiTed to his 
father) / thank you for the prefentacyon 
that ye haue doon for me." 

Propre,o\xn = Fr. propre, Lat. ptoprius. 

Pucelle, maiden. 

Pyght, fixed. We have a very vivid little 
iketch of contemporary feelings and 
manners, where, a few lines further 
down, it is faid that " the peple took 
theyr place vpon the fcaffoldes ij clayes 
afore the fejie for to fee the grete peple 
y thefayr ordynaunce that there was." 

Pyned, put to pyne or pain. 

Quick, alive. 

Ramon. I prefume Rama or Ramla, be- 
tween Jaffa and Jerufalem, to be the 
place intended. The geography of ro- 
mancifts is not always very exact. The 
French copy reads merely, "en vne 
ville pres de Iherufalem." 

Recourders, recorders. A recorder was 
a flageolet, with a fmall bore, in ufe as 
late as the end of the feventeenth cen- 

Repreve, reprove. 

Sacrifice, mafs. To facrifice = to attend 
the facrifice of the mafs. 

Sette hyr doun on the ground. The 
French copy has, " elle dill a fa mere, 
que ill lui plaifoit elle vouldroit vng pou 
repofer/wr le lit de Paris. Tantoft la 
firent mettre fur le did lit." Then, 
when Vienne and Ifabel are left by 
themfelves, the former defcends from 

the bed, and " fi fen vint la ou les con- 
vertures blanches eftoient, fi les vira et 
regarda de tous coftez, puis dift a yfa- 
beau : Certes belle feur ie te diffie bien 
que ceiloient les couvertures que le che- 
valier qui gaigna le tournoiement portoit 
et maintenoit. Si tu veulx bien regarder 
cy tu congnoiftras que iay dy vray. Et 
quant elle eut ce dit elle fe tourna vers 
les couvertures et dill que Dieu veuille 
garder le cheualier qui telles enfeignes 
porte, fi les baifa plus de cent fois;" all 
of which is loft to us in the old Engliih 

Serve and kerve. This probably requires 
no explanation. It is well known that 
gentlemen and even knights attended on 
perfons of royal blood, and handed the 
diihes, which were delivered to them 
by the menials. 

Seven years without ijlue. This paflage, 
and many others, are confiderably 
abridged by Caxton, who, without any 
acknowledgment,took great liberties with 
his original, unlefs, which is not pro- 
bable, he ufed a text which was already 
corrupt and mutilated. 

Stenche. " And the fone of the duke of 
bourgoyne JJ the byfihop of faynt 
laurence approached vnto vyenne, fro 
whom yjlued foo grete a jlenche, that 
vnnethe they myght fuffre and endure 
it." In the French copy, the chapter 
which introduces this fcene, fo repug- 
nant to modern notions of delicacy, is 
headed oddly enough, "f[ Comment 
Vienne fauifa dune gentile invention 
pour fe deliurer du filz au due de Bour- 


Glojjary and Notes. 

Surrye, Syria. 

Swelie, v, to faint. (A. S.) 

There as, whereas. This form is very 

Tierce, tertia, the third divifion of the 
Roman Catholic day, the firft being 
matins or lauds, the fecond prime, and 
the fourth fext. Tierce is about 9 a.m. 

Tourcbemen, Turcomen, in the fenfe of 

Towellys, towels. The word is found in 
the fame fenfe as now underftood in 
the Promptorium Parvulorum. 

Treylle, lattice or grating ; Fr. treille. 

Two galleyes. " The kyng . . . dyd do 

arme two galleyes whycbe accompanyed 
bym." In the French copy, it is faid 
that thefe were " deux galees de Gennes 
qui venoient de Rodes et vouloient aler 
en Aigues Mortes." 

Unconning, infenfible, unconfcious. 
Unnethe, fcarcely. 

Wende neuer to fee y boure. In our 
modern phrafeology, the expreflion 
would be, " He thought the time would 
never come," he was fo impatient to fee 
the Dauphin. 

Wexe, v. to wax, to grow. 

Woned, wont. 



IT is propofed, that the prefent volume mail be followed, as fpeedily 
as the ftate of the Subfcription Lift will permit, by other works, 
as follow : — 

I. The Works of William Browne, vol. i, containing Brit- 
annia's Paftorals, in three books, with a Memoir and Notes. 

# # * I have found unqueftionable proof that the Third Book, firft 
printed for the Percy Society in 1851, was by the author of the Firft 
and Second. 

II. The Works of Samuel Rowlands, vol 1, containing, 

1. The Betraying of Chrift, 1^98. 

2. Humors Ordinarie [1600]. 

3. Greenes Ghoft haunting Coneys-Catchers, 1602. 

4. A Terrible Battel between Time and Death [1602]. 

5. Tis Merry when Goffips meet, 1602. 

III. A Volume of Unique Early Jest Books (1607-30). 

1. Dobfon's Drie Bobbs, 1607. 

2. Jefts to make you merne, 1607. 

3. Merry Jefts, concerning Popes, Friars, &c, 16 17. 

4. Archee's Jefts, 1630. 

5. Gualtier's Rodomontados, 16 10. 


Advertifement . 

IV. Narratives of Early Murders (1573-1620), in prole 
and verfe. 

V. The Works of Browne, vol. 2, containing, 

1. The Shepheards Pipe, 16 14. 

2. The Inner Temple Mafque. 

3. Mifcellaneous Poems. 

VI. The Works of S. Rowlands, vol. 2, containing, 

1. Look to't, for lie Stab Ye, 1604. 

2. Hell's Broke Loofe, 1605. 

3. The Hiftory of Guy, Earl of Warwick, in verfe, 1607. 

4. Diogenes Lanthorne, 1607. 

5. Democritus, or Doctor Merryman, his Medicines againft 

Melancholy, 1607. 

Several of the more interefting Caxtons will be eventually included, 
fuch as Godfrey of Bulloigne, The Life of Charles the Great (already 
promifed), The Life of St. Wenefride, and The Boke of Good 
Maners. I ihall alfo give The Pinder of Wakefield, from the 
exceffively rare edition of 1632, Pettie's Petite Pallace of Pettie his 
Pleafure, 1576 ( v as I announced), and the Life of Jofeph of Arima- 
thea, from Pynfon's edition. 

W. C. Hazlitt. 


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