Skip to main content

Full text of "Rossiana; papers and documents relating to the history and genealogy of the ancient and noble house of Ross, of Ross-shire, Scotland, and its descent form the ancient earls of Ross, together with the descent of the ancient and historic family of Read, from Rede of Trough-end, Reade of Barton Court, Berks, and Read of Delaware. Also some account of the related families"

See other formats


0  -7* 


LP  9 

1     <■ 

.^   0^    t,   -J 

.0w  c>  V 




.0  t> 

r.        ,^         *j^ 






^  o^      ; 

4  o 

,*6  ...  v™"  ^  .,.  *<.  • 

^  .. 

%    -t> 



.   .    5  .     > 



v/  .-it  /iSfe 



•     V,**     *Wa\  V,**  /i^fe*' 




Papers  and  Documents  Relating  to  the  History  and  Genealogy  of  the 
Ancient  and  Noble  House  of 


of  Ross-shire,  Scotland,  and  its  Descent  from  the  Ancient  Earls  of  Ross, 

together  with  the  Descent  of  the  Ancient  and 

Historic  Family  of 


from  Rede  of  Troughend,  Reade  of  Barton  Court,  Berks,  and  Read  of 
Delaware.     Also  some  account  of  the 


of  Meredith,  Cadwalader,  Carpenter,  Pumpelly,  Drake,  Carron  d'Allon- 
dans,  Foras  and  Ward,  and  the  New  England  and  Mayflower 
Families  of  Allerton,  Bradford,  Cook,  Cushman,  Freeman,  Marshall, 
Warren  and  Waterman,  together  with  articles  on  Ancient  Free- 
masonry, the  Knights  of  the  Amaranth  and  Knights  of  Albion. 

By  Major  Harmon  Pumpelly  Read,  f.  R.  g.  S., 

Member  of  the  Historical  Society  of  New  York  and  the 
Archivio  Storico  Gentilizio  of    Italy. 

Being  a  compilation  of  Original  Documents  found  in  the  Archives  of  the  Late 
General  John  Meredith  Read,  Original  Articles  by  the  Author  and  Com- 
piler, and  Articles  already  published,  including  the  Descent  of  the  Earls  of 
Ross    by    the    Late    Francis    Nevile    Reid,    Esq. 

ALBANY,  N.Y.,  1908. 



Two  Couies 


FEB  20 


Copyrlfc-nt  Entry 

CLASS    al     XXC,  No, 
Z.-2-5  !  2-tf 
COPY     8,1 

Copyright,  1908 
By  Harmon  Pumpelly  Read 

Press  of 

The  Argus  Co.,  Printers, 

Albany,  N.  Y. 


Descendants  of  the  Earls  of  Ross 
in  Scotland. 


fRrs.  iKargurritr  iir  (Harnm  Erafc, 





Contents.  xvii 


Arms  of  Ross Frontispiece 

Earl  of  Ross's   March 6 

Balnagown    Castle    9 

Ancient  stone  carving  at  Daan  House 84 

Tusculum,  seat  of  Hon.  John  Ross 168 

Residence  of  Hon.  George  Ross  at  Lancaster,  Pa 169 

Troughend  . 197 

Tablet  in   Elsdon   Church 198 

Ancient  Library  of  Merton  College 200 

Elsdon   Church    209 

Redesdale 203 

Elsdon    Castle    211 

Ruins   of   Barton    Court 237,  238 

Shipton   Court   246 

Horn  of  Nigel,  the  Forester  of  Borstall 252 

Silver  tankard  of  Colonel  John  Read    ( 1688-1754) 266 

Gravestone  of  Colonel  John  Read  ( 1688-1754) 267 

Reading  table,  candlesticks  and  chair  of  Colonel  John  Read  (1688-1754)  . .   268 

Sword  of  Gunning  Bedford 269 

Silver  service  of  Hon.  George  Read  (1733-1798) 278 

Read  Mansion  on  Delaware  Bay 279 

Decoration   of  the   Order   of   the   Cincinnati 281 

Discovery  of  Alliance  and  Morris  Islands  by  Commodore  Thomas  Read.   282 

U.   S.   frigate  Alliance 283 

Silver  service  of  Colonel  James  Read  (1743-1822) , 284 

Residence   of   Hon.   George   Read.   2d    (1765-1836) 292 

Heraldic  achievement  of  General  John  Meredith  Read  as  a  Knight  Grand 

Cross  of  the  Redeemer 303 

Masonic  jewel  and  eagle  of  the  33d  degree 309 

Grand  Cross  of  the  Redeemer ^2g 

Castor,  tankard,   server  and  coffee  pot  of  Reese   Meredith 329 

Old   Carpenter   House,    Philadelphia 340 

Harmon  Pumpelly  house  at  Owego,  N.  Y 365 

Keys  to  Masons'  marks . " 391-3 

Early  seal  of  Rosicrucian  Masonry 399 

Decoration  of  the  Order  of  Hie  Amaranth 402 

PORTRAITS  —  (Steel). 

Ross,  Rev.  George,  M.  A.   (1679-1754) 154 

Ross,  Hon.   George,  the   Sig  ler    (  1730-1779) 168 

Read,  Colonel  John,  of  Delaware  (1688-1756) 264 

xviii  Contents. 

Read,  Hon.   George,   the  signer    (1733-1798) -7« 

Read,  Commodore,  Thomas   ( 1740- 1788) 280 

Read,  Colonel  James    ( 1743-1822) 284 

Read.  Hon.  John   (  1769-1854) 206-  -   I 

Read,  Chief  Justice  John  Meredith    (1797-1874 ) 3°o  • 

Read,  General  John  Meredith   (  1837-1896) 302  .  ' 

Read,  General  John  Meredith,  in  court  costume 306 «-  | 

Read,  Mrs.   John   Meredith    (18     -18     ) 31O"    ' 

PORTRAITS  —  (Process). 

Duchess  of   Sutherland r5° 

Ross,  Hon.  John   (1714-1776) 166 

Ross,   Hon.  George,  the  Signer    (  1730- 1779> l~2 

Gurney,  Mrs.  1  tenry  (  nee  Catherine  Ross ) i7'v 

Reade,  Sir  Compton   (1626-1679),  first  Baronet  of  Shipton  Court 254 

Penyston,  Lady,  daughter  of  Sir   Compton   Reade 255 

Reade,  Sir  Thomas   (1684-1752).   fourth  Baronet  of  Shipton   Court 256 

Reade,  General  George  (1687-1756),  grandson  of  Sir  Compton  Reade....  257 

Read,  Sir  John  (1691-1712).  third  and  lasl    Baronet  of  Brocket  Hall 260 

Read.  General  Meredith  (1837-1896).  at  the  age  of  23.  as  Adjutant-General 

of  the   State  of  New   York 3°4 

Read.  Major  Harmon  Pumpelly   (  [860-  ) 3H 

Read,  Colonel  John  Meredith   <  1869-        ) 312 

Pumpelly.    Hon.    Harmon     (170;   iXSji 364 

Read.    Mrs.    Harmon    Pumpelly 373 

Foras,   Bartolbmeo   di    (1362) 37° 

Foras,   Count   Amedee 377 

CO  ATS-OF- ARMS  —(Steel). 

Read.  General   Meredith    1  [837-  [896) 3 '4. 

Read,   General    Meredith    (1837-1896),    as    Knight    Grand    Cross    of    the 

Redeem  r 3 '  -' 

Pumpelly 35§ 

Carron  d'Allondans,   shown   in   1>  ><  »k-plate }7- 

COATS-OF- ARMS  —  (Process). 

Ross   Fn  mtispiece. 

Ross  of  Shandwick 31 

King's  Escutcheon,  or  Arm-  of   David  II.  of  Scotland 83 

Ross,   shown   in  ancient   stone  carving  at    Daan    House 84 

Earls  of  Ross §5 

Alexander  Stewart.   Earl  of   Buchan 86 

Ross    of   Balnagown 88 

Ross,  Hon.  John   I  1714-1776).  shown  in  book-plate 167 

United   States   of  America l9l 

Rede  of  Troughend.  shown  on  tablet  in  Elsdon  Church 198 

Read  of  Delaware,  shown  on  gravestone  of  Colonel  John  Read 267 

Contents.  xix 

Read,  Hon.  George,  the  Signer   (1733-1798),  shown  in  book-plate 276' 

Read,  General   Meredith    (1837-1896).   shown   in  heraldic  achievement   as 

Knight    Grand    Cross   of    the    Redeemer 303  ■ 

Drake   family   3^7 


Ross,   Hon.   John    (1714-1776) 167 

Read,  Hon.  George   (1733-1798) 276 

Read,    General    Meredith    (1837- 1896),    steel 312 

Read,  Mrs.  Harmon  Pumpelly,  steel 372  •> 


Earls  of  Ross,  descendants  of 2  -  '■'. 

Ross,  Rev.  George,  descendants  of 159  •  '> 

Ross,  Hon.  George,  descendants  of 169.  x 

Baronets  of   Shipton   Court 253«- 

Read,  Colonel  John,  of  Delaware,  descendants  of 269 

Mayflower  and   New   England   families 345  *>/ 

Marshall   family    348*  \ 

Pumpelly  family   358  "  \ 

Drake,  Roberts  and  Learning  families 366 

Ward   family  of   Maryland 378 


THE  descent  of  the  Ross  and  Read  families  from  the  ancient  Earls  of 
Ross,  as  shown  in  the  following  pages,  is  derived  from  the  Ross  and 
Read  muniments.  The  pedigree  from  Malcolm,  first  Earl  of  Ross,  to 
David  Ross  of  Balblair,  ancestor  of  the  American  or  Read  Rosses,  is  largely 
from  the  very  accurate  and  valuable  account  of  the  descendants  of  the  Earls 
of  Ross,  published  by  the  late  Francis  Nevile  Reid,  Esq.,  himself  a  descendant 
in  the  female  line.  This  account  of  the  family  appeared,  in  1889,  1890,  1891, 
1892  and  1893,  in  The  Scottish  Antiquary;  or,  Northern  Notes  and  Queries. 
edited  by  the  Rev.  A.  W.  Cornelius  Hallen,  M.  A.,  Edinburgh.  In  his  intro- 
duction to  the  work,  which  was  accompanied  by  a  well-planned  key  chart,  a 
copy  of  which  appears  herewith,  Mr.  Reid  said : 

In  these  tables  there  are  probably  many  omissions,  and  possibly  many  errors;  it 
is,  however,  hoped  that  their  publication  will  bring  to  light  fresh  material,  and  enable 
what  is  faulty  to  be  corrected.  A  life  passed  chiefly  abroad  has  rendered  it  impossible 
for  me  to  consult  authorities  which  are  easily  accessible  to  others.  I  am  anxious  to 
thank  all  those  friends  who  have  given  me  during  many  years  of  research  so  much 
valuable   assistance. 

In  later  publications  Mr.  Reid  noted  many  corrections,  and  these  changes, 
as  well  as  many  corrections  by  the  author,  have  been  made  in  the  account  as 
printed  here. 

Mr.  Reid  was  the  son  of  the  late  Mr.  Nevile  Reid  of  Runnymede,  by  his 
second  wife,  Caroline,  third  daughter  of  the  seventh  Lord  Napier.  He  was 
born  in  1827,  and  married  in  1859  Sophia,  youngest  daughter  of  Sir  Thomas 
Gibson  Carmichael,  seventh  Baronet.  He  died  on  the  12th  of  July,  1892,  at 
the  ancient  palace  of  Ravello,  three  miles  from  Amalfi.  Mr.  Reid  purchased 
this  historical  residence  many  years  ago.  It  covered  several  acres,  and  he 
retained  the  Tower,  the  Saracenic  Court  and  a  large  portion  of  the  main 
building,  which  became  under  the  auspices  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Reid,  the  home 
of  elegant  comfort  and  hospitality.  "  Mr.  Reid,"  says  The  Scottish  Antiquary, 
"  threw  himself  into  works  of  utility  and  beneficence.  He  brought  water 
from  the  mountains  to  the  village  of  Ravello,  cultivated  lemons,  walnuts, 
olives  and  vines,  introducing  new  species  from  France ;  while  luxuriant  gar- 
dens descended  towards  the  sea  by  many  terraces.  Much  was  done  for  the 
district ;  a  carriage  road  was  made,  whereas  formerly  only  mules  and  por- 
tantinas  could  approach  the  house.  The  fragments  of  marble  which  had 
formed  the  beautiful  gallery  of  the  cathedral  were  recovered  and  replaced 
and  the  cathedral  restored,  for  which  Mr.  Reid  received  the  thanks  of  the 
Italian  Government.  Not  only  were  the  poor  attended  to,  but  young  men 
were  educated,  and  much  employment  given.  He  died  beloved  and  respected 
by  high  and  low.  The  record  of  such  a  life  affords  consolation  to  those 
from  whom  it  has  been  taken." 

2  Rossiana. 

These  few  lines  are  scarcely  an  adequate  tribute  to  one  who,  in  addition 
to  his  public  services,  has  placed  under  lasting  obligations  all  the  descendants 
of  the  Earls  of  Ross. 


I.1  Malcolm,  Earl  of  Ross,  had  a  mandate  from  Malcolm,  King  of  Scots, 
to  protect  the  monks  of  Dunfermline,  dated  at  Clackmannan  A.  D.  1153-65 
(Reg.  de  Dunfermlyn,  p.  25).  He  was  of  the  Celtic  family  of  O'Bealan  or 
Builton,  as  Sir  Robert  Gordon  writes  it  (Hist,  of  Earls  of  Sutherland). 
There  never  was  an  Earl  who  bore  the  surname  of  Ross,  but  when  the  title 
passed  to  descendants  in  the  female  line,  the  Lairds  of  Balnagown  assumed 
the  name  as  male  representatives  of  the  Earls.  Malcolm  must  have  lived 
also  during  the  reign  of  William  the  Lion,  1165-1214. 

2.  Ferquhard,  second  Earl  of  Ross,  founded  the  Abbey  of  Feme  in  the 
parish  of  Edderton  in  1230,  and,  dying  about  1251,  was  buried  there;  the 
stone  effigy  of  a  warrior  is  said  to  mark  his  grave.2  The  Abbey  was  not 
long  after  its  foundation  removed  to  a  site  a  few  miles  distant;  hence  it 
was  often  called  Abbacia  de  Nova  Farina.  In  1597  part  of  the  Abbey 
lands  was  erected  into  the  temporal  lordship  of  the  Barony  of  Geanies, 
and  in  1607  the  remaining  lands  were  annexed  by  Act  of  Parliament 
to  the  Bishopric  of  Ross  (Statist.  Account  of  Scotland).  In  1237  he  was 
witness  to  an  agreement  between  the  Kings  of  England  and  Scotland,  in 
presence  of  Odo,  the  Legate  (Foedera  i.  233),  and  in  1244  he  was  one  of  those 
who  informed  the  Pope  of  the  treaty  of  peace  made  with  the  King  of  Eng- 
land (Mat.  Paris  Chron.  Maj.  iv.  383).     Earl  Ferquhard  had 

3.  William,  his  successor.  (See  below.) 
209.  Malcolm,  mentioned  in  the  writs  of  the  Lovat  estate,  No.  77,  con- 
firmation by  Alexander  III.  of  the  donation  made  by  Malcolm, 
son  of  Ferquhard,  Earl  of  Ross,  to  William  de  Byseth  of  the 
lands  of  Craigarn,  24th  December  and  12  of  reign  (Ant.  Notes, 
C.  F.  Macintosh,  Inverness.  1865). 

(1.)     Euphemia.   married  Walter  de   Moravia,   Knight,   Lord  of  Du.fus, 

(2.)     Christina,  said  to  have  been  third  wife  of  Olaus,  fifth  King  of  Man 
and  the  Isles,  who  died  1237. 

3.  William,  third  Earl  of  Ross.  "  Wm.  son  of  Earl  Ferquhard  wit." 
Sept.  1232   (Cartulary  of  Moray).     He  obtained  a  grant  of  the  Isles  of  Skye 

lumbers  in  black-face  type  refer  to  corresponding  numbers  in  the  Key  Chart 

2Mr.  Skene  (Celtic  Scot.  vol.  i,  p.  483,  vol.  iii,  p.  78)  ignores  Earl  Malcolm,  and 
makes  Ferquhard  the  first  Earl  of  Ross.  He  states  that  the  territory  belonging  to  the 
Celtic  monastery  of  Applecross,  founded  in  the  seventh  century  by  the  Irish  Saint 
Maelrubha,  lying  between  the  district  of  Ross  and  the  western  sea,  from  Loch  Carron 
to  Loch  Ewe  and  Loch  Maree,  had  passed  into  the  hands  of  a  family  of  lay  abbots, 
called  Sagarts  or  Priests  of  Applecross.  This  Ferquhard  Macinsagart,  son  of  the  lay 
possessor,  was  thus  a  powerful  Highland  Chief.  When  Alexander  II.,  soon  after  his 
accession  (1214-49),  was  forced  to  suppress  an  insurrection  in  Moray  and  Ross,  Fer- 
quhard, siding  with  him,  seized  the  insurgent  leaders  and  beheaded  them.  He  presented 
their  heads  to  the  King,  15th  June,  1215,  was  knighted  and  created  Earl  of  Ross,  which 
thus  became  a  feudal    Earldom   held  of   the   Crown.      Is   Earl   Malcolm   a   myth? 



1    George  Ross 
Mary  Bird 

George  Ross  (The  "  Signer")=ANN  I<awler. 

C#V   2    James  Ross^  J^^/^t  OsyoeU     3    Mary  Ross 

James  Wilson 

4  Ann  Ross       5  Patton  Ross       6  Win.  Bird  Ross       7  Gertrude  Read  Ross      8  Geo.  W.  Ross 
James  Hopkins    Elizabeth  Witmer    (Unmarried)  (Unmarried)  Mary  Witmer 

18  George  Ross      19  Mary  Elizabeth 

/  Ross  (I,ast  descend- 

ant named  Ross  of 

13  Washington    14  William    15  George    16  James  M.    17  Ann  (&$\JUD         George    Ross,    the 

=  =  .y-rwv         "signer.") 




24  James 
22  William   23  Henry  C.    and  10  others  (Unmarried.) 

30  Henry  C. 
(11  children) 

31  Ralph  32  Isabel 

9  Tho3.R.  Ross        10  Robert  Coleman  Ross         11  Caroline  Ross  12  Eliza  Juliana  Ross 

Samuel  D.  Orrick  Dr.  Abraham  Carpenter 

20  John  Newton  Orrick 

25  Caroline 

26  Anna  Julia  27  Eliza  Ross  28  Harriette  Borrows 

John  H.  McMurdy  Frank  M.  Taylor  E.  C.  Stimson 

I  I 

33  John  H.  McMurdy  31  David  Paul 

Mary  Frances  Kaufman 

21  Caroline  Orrick 
David  G.  Eshleman 

29  George  Ross 
Elizabeth  Spencer 









Designations  of  members  of  the  Ross  Family  n 
reference  to  the  Key  Chart. 

Achnacloich,  130,  131,  132,  133,  131a.  Ui!>,  134c 

Aldie,  liii.,  liiii.,  Iv. 

Allan,  Little.  141,  142,  lxv. 

Allan,  Easter  Little,  Ixvi.,  lxvii. 

Ankerville.  97,  98. 

Ardgay,  74. 

Balblair,  197a,  197/>. 

Balmachy,  191,  194.  195,   196a.  196(.. 

Kalnagown,  9,  10,  11,  12.  13.  14.  15,  10,  17.  IS,  19,  20. 

Balon,  205. 

Brealangwell,  88. 

Cromarty,  xix. 

Culnahall,  190. 

Cunlich,  xiii.,  xvi.,   xviii.,  xix..  Ixxix.,   lxxx. 

Daan,  Little,  110,  11C. 

Drugillie,  123. 

Drumgelly,  176. 

Easterfearn.  100,  102,  103,  105,  106.  107. 

Eye,  lxvii.,  Ixviii. 

Gladfield,  91,  92. 

Invercharron,  74,  75.  76.  77.  79,  SO,  81,  82,  S3,  84. 

Inverchassley,  50,  51.  52,  53.  54.  55,  56.  57.  58.  59,  60.  61,  62. 

Kerse,  157,  158. 

Logie  Easter,  181,  182,  1S3. 

Pitkerie,  xii.,  xxii. 

Pitkerie,  Nether,  xxiiii..  xxv.,  xxvi. 

Pitmaduthie,  126. 

Priesthill,  136a,  13W,  136r,  136J,  136c 

Ranyes,  149. 

Rarichies,  8. 

Rosehill,   lvii. 

Ross,  Earl  of,  1,  2.  3.  4,  5,  6. 

Shandwick,  143,  144.  143.  146,  152.  154.  155,  156,  157.  171. 

Skeldon,  Berbice,  159. 

Tarrel,  Little,  i.,  ii.,  iii..  iiii.,  v.,  vi.,  vii. 

Tolly,  130. 

The  connection  of  the  following  branches  of  ti 
.^^aa    ■  amuy     wim    mi--    main    stem    is    at    present 
doubtful.     Sometimes   there  are  only  two   or  three 
generations,  and  then  the  family  disappears;  some- 
times, as  in  '  Morangie,'  there  are  many  generations: 

i  of  Kindeace,  1st  family. 



'        Morangie. 



Inverchassley.lst  family 
'        Pitcalzeane. 

'       Tutintarroch 

Ross  of  Risollis. 







Andrew,  provost  of  1  am 

William,  bail!      ' 

:  of  T 




Ancient  Earls  of  Ross.  3 

and  Lewis  from  Alexander  III,  and  died  at  Earles  Allane  —  May  1274 
( Kalender  of  Feme).1  having  married  Jean,  daughter  of  William  Comyn, 
Earl  of  Buchan,  by  his  first  wife.     He  was  succeeded  by  his  son  and  heir 

4.  William,  fourth  Earl  of  Ross.  In  1283  he  was  one  of  the  nobles  who 
acknowledged  the  Maid  of  Norway  as  heir  to  the  Crown  (Acts  of  Parlia- 
ment). He  sided  alternately  with  the  English  and  Scotch  parties;  did 
homage  to  Edward  I,  as  overlord  in  a  chapel  at  Berwick,  1st  August  1251 
(Bain's  Cal.  Doc.  Scot.  ii.  No.  508).  He  was  one  of  the  auditors  elected  by 
Bruce  and  Baliol  at  the  trial  before  Edward  I.  in  1292  (Palgrave,  Scot.  Rec. 
No.  18,  p.  52).  His  seal  is  attached  to  one  of  the  writings  deposited  in  the 
Exchequer  concerning  the  fealty  done  by  John  Baliol  to  Edward  (Bain's  Cal. 
ii.  No.  660).  In  1292  his  lands  in  Argyll  were  formed  into  the  Sheriffdom 
of  Skye  (Acts  of  Parliament).  In  1296  the  Scottish  army,  under  the  Earls 
of  Ross,  Menteith,  and  Athole,  made  an  incursion  into  England,  devastating 
the  country.  They  succeeded  in  occupying  the  important  castle  of  Dunbar. 
Edward  determined  to  recover  it,  and  sending  a  strong  force  to  attack  the 
Scots,  the  armies  met  on  the  high  ground  above  Dunbar,  when  the  Scots  were 
utterly  defeated  with  a  loss  of  10.000  men  and  many  prisoners.  On  the  day 
after  the  battle,  21st  April  1296,  Edward  came  to  Dunbar,  when  the  castle 
surrendered  at  discretion.  Among  the  numerous  prisoners  was  the  Earl  of 
Ross,  who  was  sent  a  prisoner  to  the  Tower,  where  the  Sheriffs  were  ordered 
to  pay  six-pence  a  day  for  his  maintenance  (Hist.  Scot.  Tytler,  vol.  i,  p.  99, 
Stevenson's  Hist.  Doc.  ii.  27).  His  eldest  son  Hugh  obtained  a  safe  conduct 
to  visit  him  28th  August  1297  (Hist.  Doc.  Scot.  vol.  ii.).  On  or  about  29th 
September  1303,  an  order  for  his  escort  and  guard,  with  minute  directions 
for  his  journey,  was  issued.  He  reached  Perth  12th  December,  where  he 
remained  with  the  Prince  of  Wales  until  3d  February  1303-4,  when  he  was 
sent  home.  In  1305  he  was  appointed  Warden  beyond  the  Spey.  In  1306 
Bruce's  Queen  and  daughter.  Princess  Marjory,  on  the  advance  of  the  English 
army,  took  refuge  in  the  girth  or  immunity  of  St.  Duthace  at  Tain,  but  the 
Earl,  violating  the  sanctuary,  delivered  them  up  to  the  English ;  they  were 
sent  prisoners  to  England,  and  not  liberated  until  1312  (Foedera).  In  1308 
Bruce  and  the  Earl  were  reconciled  at  Auldearn  ;  he  did  homage  and  was 
infeft  in  the  lands  of  Dingwall  and  Ferncrosky  (Acts  of  Pari.  Rob.  hid., 
p.  16,  No.  17).  In  1312  he  sealed  at  Inverness  an  agreement  between  the 
^iogs  of  Scotland  and  Norway,  and   in    1320  he  concurred   in  the  baron's 

r)'-""  asserting  the  independence  of  Scotland  (Acts  of  Parliament) . 
er  to  the  j.  0y^  3th  January  ^322]^   (Kalender  of  Feme),  having  married 

uied  at  Delny,  2> a  lacb'  w^°  warmly  supported  the  English  party. 

P  lemia —  __w   's  imprisonment  Edward  granted  her  maintenance  from 

,,    ""^kfrshushiuad  He  left  issue 

-5.     Hugh,  his  heir.     (See  bclozv.) 
207.     Sir   John,    who    married    Margaret    Comyn,    second    daughter    and 

co -heiress   of  John.   Earl   of  Buchan.     He   had  with  her  half  of 

the   Earl   of   Buchan's   heritage  in   Scotland    (Rob.  hid.  2.  44)  ; 

dying  s.  p.,  the  lands  passed  to  his  nephew,  William,  Earl  of  Ross. 

aTo  the  Rev.  Dr.  Joass  I  owe  a  most  careful  transcript  of  the  Obit  notices  of  the 
name  of  Ross,  from  the  Kalender  of  Ferae  MS.  on  parchment  at  Dunrobin  Castle. — 
F.   N.   Reid.  •%' 


4  Rossiana. 

208.  Sir  Walter,  who  was  a  scholar  at  Cambridge  1306,  and  4th  June 
1307  received  a  gift  of  10  marks  from  King  Edward  (Cal.  Doc. 
Scot.  vol.  ii).  He  was  the  dearly  loved  friend  of  Edward  Bruce, 
and  fell  at  Bannockburn  23d  June  1314. 

"  Sir   Edward  the   King's   brother 
Loved,  and  had  in  sik  daintie 
That  as   himself  him  loved  he." —  Barbour. 

(1.)     Isabella,  obtained  a  dispensation  from  Pope  John  XXII.,  dated  at 
Avignon  1st  June  1317.  to  marry  Edward  Bruce,  Earl  of  Carrick. 
conne:ted   within   third   and    fourth   degrees   of   affinity.     He   fell 
at  the  battle  of  Dundalk,  .?.  p.  /.,  5th  October   13 iS.  being  styled 
King  of  Ireland.     The  marriage  probably  never  took  place.     The 
mother  of  his  illegitimate  son  Alexander,  afterwards  Earl  of  Car- 
rick.  was   Isabel,   sister  of  David  de  Strabolgi,   Earl  of  Athole. 
(New  Peerage,  Note,  G.  Burnett.) 
(2.)     Dorothea,  married  Torquil  M'Leod,  second  Baron  of  Lewis  P. 
5.     Hugh,   fifth   Earl   of   Ross.     By   a    somewhat   questionable   exercise   of 
Prerogative.  Robert  I.  gave  to  Sir  Hugh  de  Ross,  Knight,  son  and  heir  of 
William,    Earl    of    Ross,    the    Vice-County    and    Burgh    of    Crumbathy,    5th 
December  1316  (Exch.  Rolls,  Scot.  vol.  i).     He  obtained  by  various  charters 
from  the  King   (Rob.  Ind.  2,  56,  58,  59,  60)   the  lands  of  Skye,  Strathglass, 
Strathconan.  etc.     At  the  battle  of  Halidon  Hill,  near  Berwick,  fought  on  St. 
Magdalen's  Day.  20th  February  1333-4.  he  led  the  reserve  to  attack  the  wing 
which  Baliol  commanded,  was  driven  back  and  slain1    ( Tytlcr.  vol.  ii,  p.  29). 
The  English  found  on  his  body  the  shirt  of  St.  Duthace,  supposed  to  possess 
miraculous  powers,  and  restored   it  to  the  sanctuary   at   Tain.2     He  married 
first  in  1308  Lady  Maud  Bruce,  sister  to  the  King  (Chart.  Rob.  Ind.  2,  49), 
"  Hugonis  de  Ros  and  Mauld,   sister  to  the  King,  the  lands  of  Name  cum 
burgo."  ,  By  her  he  had 

6.  William,  his  successor.     (See  below. ) 

7.  John,  son  of  late  Hugh,  Earl  of  Ross,  died  27th  May  1364  (Kalen- 

dcr  of  Feme). 

(1.)     Marjory,    married,    as    second    wife,    before    1334,    Malise,    Earl    of 

Strathern.    Caithness,    and    Orkney.     The    Earl    was    attainted    in 

1335   and   his  honours    forfeited.     He  died   ^.   p.   m.   before   1357- 

He   granted   to   William,    Earl   of   Ross,   his   brother-in-law,   the 

marriage   of   his   daughter,    Isabel,    declaring  her  heiress   to  the 

Earldom  of  Caithness.     She  was  given  in  marriage  to  Sir  William 

St.  Clair,  and  was  mother  of  Sir  Henry  St.  Clair.  Earl  of  Orkney 

(Lib.  Ins.  Miss.  p.  43,  Rob.  Ind.     New  Peerage,  G.  E.  C). 

The  Earl  married,  secondly,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Sir  David  Graham  of 

Old   Montrose,   dispensation   granted  at  Avignon  by  Pope  John  XXII.,  24th 

November  1329,  on  the  discovery,  long  after  they  were  married  and  had  issue. 

'On  1st  of  May,  1362,  Robert  de  Lawedis,  Lord  of  Ouarelwood,  founded  a  chapel 
in  the  cathedral  of  Moray  for  his  own  soul,  and  especially  for  the  soul  of  the  late 
Hugh.   Earl  of   Ross,   his  lord    (Cartul.   of  Moray). 

-Duthace,  Bishop  of  Ross,  was  of  noble  birth,  and  dying  1249,  was  enrolled  among 
the    Saints    Sth    March    (Keith's    Bishops   Scot.). 

Ancient  Earls  of  Ross.  5 

of  a  canonical  impediment,  and  legitimating  the  children  (Note,  G.  Burnett). 
She  obtained  another  dispensation,  13th  April  1341.  to  marry  John  de  Barclay, 
and  thirdly,  21st  November  1348,  to  marry  John  de  Moravia.  By  her  first 
husband  she  had 

8.  Hugh  of  Rarichies,1  of  whom  hereafter  as  first  of  Balnagown. 
(1.)  Euphemia,  married,  first,  John  Randolph,  third  Earl  of  Moray, 
who  fell  at  the  Battle  of  Durham,  s.  p.,  17th  October,  1346.  She 
married,  secondly,  as  second  wife,  Robert,  Earl  of  Strathern, 
afterwards  King  Robert  II.  Dispensation  granted  by  Pope  In- 
nocent VI.,  at  Avignon,  2d  May,  1355,  for  the  third  degree  of 
affinity  and  the  fourth  of  consanguinity.  The  affinity  is  clear, 
the  Earl  of  Strathern  and  the  Earl  of  Moray  being  descended  in 
the  third  degree  from  the  Earl  and  Countess  of  Carrick.  The 
relationship    by    consanguinity    has    yet    to    be    discovered.     The 

King  died   13th  May,   1390,  and  the   Queen  ,   1372.     With 

daughters  they  left  two  sons, 

(1.)     David  Steward,  Earl  of  Stratherne,  created  before  Novem- 
ber, 1375,  Earl  of  Caithness.     He  died  before  1389,  leav- 
ing an  only  daughter,  Euphemia,  Countess  of  Stratherne 
and  Caithness. 
(2.)     Walter  Steward,  on  the  resignation  of  his  niece  Euphemia, 
became    Earl    of    Caithness,    created   about    1409    Earl    of 
Athole.     He    married,    before    19th    October,    1378,    Mar- 
garet, only  daughter  and  heiress  of  Sir  David  de  Barclay 
of  Brechin,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons,  David,  who  died 
in  England,  v.  p.,  leaving  a  son  Robert,  who  joined  his 
grandfather   in   the   murder   of  James    I.,   at    Perth,    and 
was    executed    at    Edinburgh,    March,    1437,    a    few    days 
before  his  grandfather.     His  second  son  was  Alan,  Earl 
of  Caithness,  who  died  unmarried,  1431. 
(2.)     Janet,    married,    first,    Monymusk    of   that    Ilk,    and    secondly,    Sir 
Alexander  Murray  of  Abercairney ;  an   indenture  was  executed 
at   Perth,   24th   November,    1375,   between  Queen   Euphemia  and 
her  son,  Earl  David  of  the  one  part,  and  Alexander  Murray  of 
Drumsergorth  of  the  other  part,  agreeing  that  Alexander  Murray 
should  marry  Lady  Janet  de  Mony-Muske,  sister  of  the  Queen, 
who  with  the  Earl  promised  to  assist  him  in  recovering  his  in- 
heritance, and  that  Walter  Murray,  brother  of  Alexander,  should 
if  he  pleased,  marry  the  elder  daughter  of  Lady  Janet.     (Ander- 
son's Dip.  Scot.  p.  lvii,  Earldom  af  Strathern,   Nicholas.)     The 
seals  of  the  Queen  and  of  her  son  were  affixed  to  the  indenture. 

1George  Crawfurd,  historiographer  of  Scotland,  records  that  Hugh  of  Rarichies,  first 
Laird  of  Balnagown,  was  the  son  of  Hugh,  fifth  Earl  of  Ross,  by  his  first  wife,  Lady 
Maud  Bruce,  sister  of  Robert  II.  Rev.  Compton  Reade,  in  his  "  Record  of  the  Redes," 
makes  the  same  claim,  thus  showing  that  the  Line  of  Balnagown  came  direct  from 
the  Earls  of  Ross  and  the  Royal  house  of  Scotland.  (See  "  Read  Descent  from  the 
Royal    House    of    Scotland,"    post.) 

6  Rossi an  a. 

(3.)  Lilias,  married  William  Urquhart,  heritable  Sheriff  of  Cromarty, 
who  succeeded  1314.  (Titles  of  Urquharts  of  Cromarty,  Antiq. 
Notes,  C.  F.  Macintosh.) 

6.  William,  sixth  Earl  of  Ross  and  Lord  of  Skye,  Justiciar  of  Scotland 
north  of  the  Forth,  called  in  a  charter  of  1374  "  frater  regis,"  was  in  Norway 
when  his  father  died,  and  did  not  take  possession  of  his  Earldom  until  1336. 
In  1346  King  David  assembled  an  army  at  Perth  to  invade  England,  but  the 
expedition  began  badly,  for  the  Earl  of  Ross  murdered  Ronald  of  the  Isles 
in  the  monastery  of  Elcho,  and  returned  with  his  men  to  their  mountains 
(Exch.  Rolls  Scot.  vol.  i.).  The  soldiers  of  the  Isles  also  dispersed,  and 
many  of  the  Highlanders  followed  them.  The  King  advanced  into  England, 
and,  T~th  October,  1346.  the  battle  of  Durham  was  fought,  and  he  was  taken 
prisoner  and  sent  to  the  Tower.  The  King  was  liberated  in  1357  and  held 
a  Parliament  at  Scone.  Nine  years  later  the  northern  lords  had  thrown  off 
their  allegiance,  and  refused  to  contribute  their  rate  towards  the  payment 
of  the  King's  ransom  and  other  burdens.  Among  the  principal  leaders  were 
the  Earl  of  Ross  and  Hugh,  his  brother.  The  Earl  remained  absent  from 
Parliament  in  1366,  1367,  but  in  1368  was  obliged  to  find  security  to  keep  the 
peace  (Acts  of  Parliament  ).  and  engaged  within  his  territories  to  administer 
justice,  and  assist  the  officers  in  collecting  the  taxes.     (Tytler,  vol.  ii.,  p.  51.) 

In  1350  the  Earl,  with  the  approval  of  his  sister,  Marjory,  Countess  of 
Caithness  and  Orkney,  and  on  condition  of  obtaining  the  King's  consent, 
appointed  his  brother  Hugh  his  heir  (Bain.  Chart.  Orig.  par.  Scot.  vol.  ii. 
pt.  ii.  p.  487).  On  the  death  of  his  uncle,  Sir  John  de  Ross,  he  inherited  half 
of  the  lands  of  the  Earldom  of  Buchan  {Acts  of  Parliament ).  King  David 
favoured  the  marriage  of  the  Earl's  daughter.  Euphemia.  with  Sir  Walter 
de  Lesley  without  her  father's  sanction,  and  in  1370,  probably  remembering 
the  Earl's  conduct  at  Elcho,  compelled  him  to  resign  all  his  possessions  for 
reinfeftment.  Therefore,  a  new  charter  was  granted  of  the  Earldom  of  Ross 
and  Lordship  of  Skye,  and  of  all  his  lands,  except  those  which  belonged  to 
the  Earldom  of  Buchan.  first,  to  the  heirs-male  of  his  body;  whom  failing, 
secondly,  to  Sir  Walter  de  Lesley.  Euphemia,  his  spouse,  and  their  heirs; 
whom  failing,  thirdly,  to  his  youngest  daughter.  Joanna  or  Janet,  and  her 
heirs.  After  his  brother  Hugh's  death  he  addressed  a  Querimonia,  dated 
24th  June  1371  (Antiq.  of  Aberdeen,  Jos.  Robertson)  to  Robert  II.  in  which 
he  styles  himself  "  humilis  nepos,"  complaining  of  the  way  in  which  all  his 
possessions,  and  also  those  of  his  brother  Hugh,  lying  within  Buchan,  had 
been  taken  from  him  by  force  and  fraud,  and  given  by  the  late  King  to  Sir 
Walter  de  Lesley.  This  complaint  met  with  no  result ;  a  few  months  later 
he  died  at  Delny.  9th  February  1371-72  (Kalender  of  Feme),  his  only  son, 
William,  having  died  before  him.  In  1354  his  son  was  proposed  as  one  of 
the  hostages  for  the  payment  of  the  King's  ransom  (Acts  of  Parliament), 
but  in  August.  1357  he  was  too  ill  to  travel  to  England,  and  must  have  died 
before  the  end  of  the  year.  Therefore,  in  virtue  of  the  new  charter,  the 
Earl's  two  daughters  became  heirs-portioners.  William,  Earl  of  Ross,  John 
de  Berclay,  Thomas  de  Moravia  (brother  of  the  grantor)  and  others  were 
witnesses  to  a  charter  by  John  de  Moravia,  granting  certain  lands  in  the 
barony  of  Awath  to  his  "  consanguines,"  Andrew   de   Ros,  son  of  the  late 

THE     KARI,     OF     ROSS'S     MARCH. 

Ancient  Earls  of  Ross.  7 

William   de   Ros,   "militis."     In   the   old   copy   on   parchment   of   the   charter 
the  date  is  wanting. 

(1.)     Euphemia.     (See  below.) 

(2.)     Joanna   or  Janet,   who   died  before    1400.   having   married   in    1375 

Sir  Alexander   Fraser  of  Cowie,   who,  4th  June    1375,   obtained 

a  charter  from  Sir  Walter  Lesley  in  favour  of  him  and  his  wife 

of  the  lands  of  Philorth  and  others,  in  compensation  for  their 

lands   in   Ross    (confirm.   Robert   III.   28th   October     1405).     Sir 

Alexander    was    ancestor    of    the    Barons    Saltoun.      (See    Lord 

Saltoun,  Frasers  of  Philorth). 

(1.)     Euphemia,  Countess  of  Ross,  married  first,  before  1365,  Sir  Walter, 

second  son  of  Sir  Andrew  Lesley,  assuming  j'u.  ux.  the  title  of  Earl  of  Ross ; 

he    died    about    1379.      The    Countess    was    forced    to    marry,    secondly,    Sir 

Alexander  Stewart,  "  Wolf  of  Badenoch,"  fourth  son  of  Robert  II,  by  whom 

she  had   no  issue;   dying  24th  July   1394,   he  was  buried   at   Dunkeld.     He 

received  a  royal  charter  of  all   his   wife's  lands,  22d  July    1382,   and,   24th 

July,    another   charter    styles    him   Earl   of   Buchan.     The    Countess    became 

Abbess  of  Elcho,  and,  dying  about  1394,  was  buried  at  Fortrose.    By  her  first 

husband  she  left, 

(1.)     Alexander.     (See  below.) 

(2.)     Margaret.     (See  post.) 

(1.)     Alexander  Lesley,  Earl  of  Ross,  married  Isabel,  eldest  daughter  of 

Robert  Steward,  Earl  of  Fife  and  Duke  of  Albany,  Regent  of  Scotland,  third 

son  of  Robert  II.    The  Earl  died  at  Dingwall,  1402,  leaving  an  only  daughter, 

Euphemia,  Countess  of  Ross,  who  became  a  nun.     She  illegally  resigned 

the  Earldom  to  her  maternal  uncle,  Sir  John  Steward,  who  thereupon 

styled   himself  Earl   of   Buchan  and   Ross.     He   fell   at   the   battle  of 

Verneuil,  17th  August  1424. 

(2)     Lady    Margaret    Lesley,    on   the    resignation    or    death    of    her    niece 

Euphemia,   was   the   next  heir  to  the   Earldom.      She   had   married   Donald 

M'Donald,  Lord  of  the  Isles,  who  now  claimed  the  Earldom  in  her  right. 

This  claim  being  refused,  he  protested  against  the  injustice,  and,  gathering 

a    numerous    force,    came    through    the    northern    mountains    and    descended 

into  the  flat  country  near  Harlaw,  where  he  met,  24th  July   141 1,  a  small 

force  under  the  Earl  of  Mar,  illegitimate  son  of  the  "  Wolf  of  Badenoch," 

by  whom  he  was  defeated, —  a  great  gain  to  the  Lowlanders,  for,  had  he  won 

the  battle,   he   would  have  been   Lord   of  about  half  of   Scotland    (Burton, 

.  Hist.  Scot.  vol.  iii.  p.  100).     He  died  at  Isla  about  1423;  the  Countess  was 

imprisoned  on  the  Island  of  Inchcolm,  in  the  Firth  of  Forth,  and  died  about 

1429,  leaving,  with  other  issue, 

(1.)     Alexander.     (See  belozv.) 
(2.)     Hugh,  ancestor  of  Lord  Macdonald. 

(3.)     Celestine,  ancestor  of  Lord  Macdonnell  and  Arras.     Extinct. 
(4.)     Margaret,    married    John,    eighth    Earl    of    Sutherland.      She    was 
nearly  drowned  in  crossing  the  ferry  at  Unes,  and,  being  drawn 
on    shore,    was    murdered,    it   is   said,    at   the    instigation   of   the 

8  Rossiana. 

"  Laird  of  Balnagown  his  daughter,"  by  whom  the  Earl  had 
two  illegitimate  sons.1  Her  only  daughter,  Elizabeth,  became 
Countess  of  Sutherland,  jure  sua. 
(i.)  Alexander  M'Donald.  Earl  of  Ross  and  Lord  of  the  Isles.  In  1427 
the  Highland  chiefs  were  summoned  to  parliament ;  among  them  were 
Alexander  of  the  Isles  and  the  Countess  of  Ross,  his  mother.  On  presenting 
themselves  they  were  seized  and  imprisoned.  Alexander  was  soon  after 
liberated,  and  the  first  use  he  made  of  his  liberty  was  to  devastate  the 
Crown  lands  with  a  numerous  force.  James  I.  defeated  him  at  Lochaber. 
23d  July  1429,  and  he,  being  driven  from  place  to  place,  on  27th  August 
presented  himself  before  the  high  altar  of  the  chapel  of  Holyrood  in 
presence  of  the  King,  Queen,  and  Court,  clad  only  in  his  shirt  and  drawers, 
and,  giving  up  his  sword,  sought  for  mercy.  The  King  spared  his  life,  but 
confined  him  for  some  months  in  Tantallon,  when  his  mother  and  he  were 
released  and  his  lands  restored.  He  died  at  Dingwall  4th  May,  1448,  having 
married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander  Seton,  Lord  of  Gordon  and 
Huntly,  and  leaving,  with  other  issue, 

(1.)  John,  Earl  of  Ross  and  last  Lord  of  the  Isles.  In  1456  the  King 
gave  him  the  barony  of  Kyneward,  which,  owing  to  the  Earl's 
minority,  had  been  in  the  King's  hands  in  ward  for  three  years. 
(E.vcli.  Rolls  Scot.  vol.  vi.).  Sasina  Com.  Rossii  de  t.  de  Kyned- 
ward.  James  II..  1456  (Ibid.  vol.  ix.).  In  1462,  having  made 
an  independent  treaty  with  Edward  IV.,  he  was  deemed  a 
traitor,  and,  to  avoid  forfeiture  was  forced  to  cede  his  lands 
and  titles  to  the  Crown.  In  the  ninth  parliament  of  James  III., 
4th  July  1476,  Art.  71  "  annexes  till  his  Crown  the  Earldom  of 
Ross  with  the  pertinents  to  remain  thereat  forever  *  *  * 
it  sail  not  be  leiful  to  his  *  *  *  Successors  to  make  Aliena- 
tion of  the  said  Earldom  or  any  part  thereof  frae  his 
Crown  *  *  *  Saiffand  *  *  *  to  give  the  said  Earldom 
till  ane  of  his  or  their  secunde  sounes."  He  was  then  partially 
restored,  with  remainder  to  his  illegitimate  sons,  being  made  a 
Lord  of  Parliament  under  the  style  of  John  de  Isla.  Lord  of  the 
Isles.  This  title  he  finally  forfeited  in  1494.  when  he  retired  to 
the  Abbey  of  Paisley,  where  he  died  s.  p.  I.  about  1498,  having 
married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  James,  Lord  Livingstone,  con- 
cerning whom  there  is  the  following  entry  in  the  accounts  of 
the-  Lord  High  Treasurer,  vol.  i.,  "  1497,  26  Nov.  for  ane  vnce 
of  sewing  silk  to  the  Countess  of  Ross  to  the  Kingis  clathes  iiijs." 


8.  Hugh  Ross  of  Rarichies,  first  of  Balnagown.  He  obtained  these  and 
other  lands  by  a  grant  from  his  brother.  As  indicated  by  the  mullet  on  his 
seal,  he  was  third  son  of  Hugh,  Earl  of  Ross,  being  eldest  son  of  the  Earl's 

1Isobella,  daughter  of  Alexander  Ross,  seventh  of  Balnagown,  wife  of  George  Munro 
of  Foulis;  her  son  Alexander  Sutherland  (the  Bastard)  opposed  service  of  "brief"  in 
favour  of  Lady  Elizabeth  Sutherland,  then  wife  of  Sir  Adam  Gordon,  at  the  Court 
held   at    Inverness.    25th   July,   1509. 

io  Rossiana. 

second  marriage  with  Margaret  Graham  (see  ante).  On  30th  March  1351 
he  granted  the  lands  of  Scatterby  and  Byth  to  "Karissimo  awunculo  nostro 
Petro  de  Grame  "  (Ch.  of  Conf.  Frasers  of  Philorth,  vol.  ii.  p.  232).  On 
10th  May  1333  Earl  Hugh  granted  to  his  son  Hugh  the  lands  then  in  the 
hands  of  Margaret  of  Ross  by  reason  of  her  tierce  when  it  should  happen, 
except  certain  lands  in  Aberdeenshire  reserved  for  William  his  son  and  heir 
(Bain.  Char.  Orig.  Par.  Scot.  vol.  ii.  pt.  ii.  p.  486).  In  1341  he  obtained  from 
his  brother,  Earl  William,  the  lands  of  Westray,  in  1357  those  of  Eister  Alane, 
On  1st  July  1365  he  is  styled  Lord  of  Philorth  (Rob.  Index),  which  lands 
he  exchanged  with  the  Earl  for  Wester  Ross,  Strathglass,  and  Ellandonan. 
He  died  before  June  1371,  having  married  Margaret  de  Barclay.  Charter 
26th  February  1369,  David  II.  to  Hugo  de  Ros  and  Margaret  de  Barclay. 
He  had  issue, 

9.     William.     (See  belozv.) 
(1.)     Jean,    married    Robert    Munro,    eighth    Baron    of    Foulis,    killed 

1369.     P- 

9.  William,  second  of  Balnagown.  Confirmation  by  Robert  II.  to  William, 
Earl  of  Ross,  of  the  gift  of  the  lands  of  Balnagown  and  others  to  his  late 
brother  Hugh  and  his  son  and  heir  William.  Given  at  Badenoch  1st 
August  1374  (Great  Seal).  Confirmation  to  William  de  Ross,  son  and  heir 
of  the  late  Hugh,  of  the  lands  of  Balnagown,  22d  October  1378  (Great  Seal). 
He  married  Christian,  daughter  of  Lord  Livingstone  ( Citron.  Earls  of  Ross)  ; 
she  is  said  to  have  built  the  Kirk  of  Alness,  or,  according  to  another  account, 
the  Bridge  of  Alness ;  their  son  and  heir  was, 

10.  Walter,  third  of  Balnagown,  styled  in  1398  Walter  of  Ross,  Lord 
of  Rarichies;  he  received  from  Alexander  Lesley,  Earl  of  Ross,  part  of 
Cullys  (Bain.  Chart.).  He  married  Katherine,  daughter  of  Paul  M'Tyre,  the 
freebooter;  she  received  for  her  dowry  the  lands  of  Strathcarron,  Strathoy- 
kell,  and  Westray.  This  levier  of  blackmail  was  great-grandson  of  Lady 
Christina  and  Olaus,  King  of  Man  (see  ante)  ;  on  5th  April  1366  Earl 
William  granted  him  and  his  heirs  by  Mary  de  Grahame  the  lands  of  Gerloch, 
forming  part  of  the  Sheriffdom  of  Skye  (Rob.  Index)  ;  the  grant  was  con- 
firmed by  Robert  II.     (Great  Seal).1     They  left  issue,  a  son. 

11.  Hugh,  fourth  of  Balnagown,  is  said  to  have  married  Janet,  daughter 
of  the  Earl  of  Sutherland  by  Helen  Sinclair,  daughter  of  the  Earl  of 
Orkney  (Chron.  of  Earls  of  Ross).  At  Dunrobin  there  is  no  trace  of  this 
lady  or  of  the  marriage  of  Hugh  Ross ;  he  had, 

12.     John.     (See  belozv.) 

140.  Hugh,  named  in  the  Chron. 

141.  Mr.  William  of  Little  Allan.     (See  post.) 

206.  Mr.  Thomas,  on  the  resignation  of  his  brother  Mr.  William,  became 
Sub-dean  of  Ross  and  Parson  of  Rosskeen.  As  Sub-dean  of 
Ross  and  Rector  of  the  collegiate  church  of  Tain  he  witnessed 
a  charter   1487      (Great  Seal). 

xMr.  Skene  (Celtic  Scot.  vol.  iii,  p.  355,)  states  that  the  chronicle  mentioning  the 
marriage  of  Olaus  the  Black  and  Christina,  daughter  of  Earl  Ferquhard,  does  not  name 
their  supposed  three  sons,  Leod,  Gunn  and  Leandres,  that  this  filiation  is  certainly- 
spurious.  Paul  was  related  to  William  the  sixth  Earl,  and  in  various  pedigrees  is 
called   grandson   of   Leandres. 

Line  of  Balnagown.  n 

12.  John,  fifth  of  Balnagown,  precept  by  Alexander,  Earl  of  Ross  and 
Lord  of  the  Isles  for  infefting  him  as  heir  to  his  father  Hugh  {Bain.  Chart.). 
John  of  Ross,  Laird  of  Balnagown,  was  party  to  a  bond  (Hist.  MS.  Rep.). 
The  lands  of  Little  Allan  on  his  resignation  were  granted  by  James  IV., 
18th  October  1490,  to  David  Ross,  his  grandson  and  apparent  heir  (Great 
Seal).  He  is  said  to  have  married  Christian,  daughter  of  Torquil  Macleod 
of  the  Lewes ;  he  had. 

13.     Alexander.     (See  below.) 
136a.     Mr.  Donald  of  Priesthill.     (See  post.) 

137.  Malcolm,  named  in  the  Chron.;  he  was  perhaps  burgess  of  Tain 

and  father  of  William,  who  died  4th  March  1537     (Kal.  of  F.). 

138.  Andrew,  burgess  of  Tain  (Old  MS.  Pea1.). 

139.  John,  who  is  said  to  have  married  Munro  of  Tain 

(Old  MS.  Ped.). 

13.  Alexander,  sixth  of  Balnagown,  fell  at  Allt  Charrais,  with  a  con- 
siderable number  of  the  clan,  in  a  fight  with  the  Sutherlands.  The  Kal.  of 
Feme  states,  under  date  i486,  June,  "  Ob  Alexr.  ross  de  balnagown,  mgri 
wilhelmi  ross,  et  Vilhelmi  ross,  angusii  de  terrel,  alexr.  terrel.  etc.  in  die 
scti  barnabi  apti,  aho  dhi  m°cccc°lxxxvi  apud  aide  charwis  undecimo 
huius."  He  married  Dorothy,  daughter  of  Alexander  Sutherland  of  Duffus. 
In  the  MS.  at  Dunrobin  it  is  stated  that  "  she  had  the  wyt  of  the  field  of 
Aldyharves,"  and  had  issue, 

14.     David.     (See  below.) 

(1.)  Isobel,  married,  as  first  wife,  George  Munro,  tenth  of  Foulis;  their 
only  son,  George,  was  killed  with  his  father,  1452. 

14.  Sir  David,  Knight,  seventh  of  Balnagown,  married  first  Helen  Keith, 
daughter  of  the  Laird  of  Inverugie,  "  ane  guid  woman."  Charter  to  him  and 
Helen  Keith,  his  wife,  of  Wester  Rarichies  and  Culleis  28th  October   1490 

(Great  Seal)  ;  she  died May  1519  (Kal.  of  F.).     He  married  secondly 

a  daughter  of  the  Duke  of  Albany,  by  whom  he  had  no  issue.    He  died  20th 
May  1527  (Kal.  of  F.).  leaving  by  his  first  wife, 

15.  Walter.     (See  below.) 

74.     William  of  Ardgay.     (See  post.) 
130.     Hugh  of  Achnacloich.     (See  post.) 

(1.)  Agnes,  who  married  William  M'Culloch  of  Plaids,  and  died  at  Hil- 
ton, 24th  April,  1572.     (Kal.  of  Feme.) 

15.  Walter,  eighth  of  Balnagown,  was  slain  at  Tain  12th  May  1528  (Kal. 
of  F.),  having  married  Marion,  daughter  of  Sir  John  James  Grant  of  Grant, 
by  whom  he  had, 

16.  Alexander.     (See  bclozv.) 
73.     Hugh.     (Old  MS.  Ped.) 

(1.)  Katherine,  married  John  Denune,  third  of  Cadboll,  bailie  and  bur- 
gess of  Tain. 

(2.)  Janet,  married,  as  second  wife,  Hugh  Fraser,  fifth  Lord  Lovat,  slain 
at  Lochlochy  1545  — "  Hugh  Lord  Lovat  and  Janet  Ross  his 
wife,"  19  July  1536  (Great  Seal). 

16.  Alexander,  ninth  of  Balnagown,  on  5th  April  1569,  signed  a  bond  to 
be  faithful  to  James  VI.  and  the  Regent.     He  was  confined  in  the  Castle  of 

12  Rossiana. 

Thomptalloun    {Reg.   P.    Conn.).     He   died   at   Ardmore   25th   October    1592, 
buried  at  Feme,   having  married,   first,  Janet,   daughter  of  John,   third   Earl 
of  Caithness.     Charter  to  him  and  Janet   Sinclair   his   wife   of  the   lands  of 
Eister  Rarichies,  26th  September  1546     (Great  Seal).     He  had  by  her. 
1~-     George.     (See  below.) 

(i)      Katherine,   "the  witch"    (see  "Witchcraft  in  Scotland"  page   147). 
she  married,  as  second  wife.  Robert  More    Munro  of  Foulis.  who 
died  4th  November  1588,  by  whom  she  bad.  with  four  daughters: 
1.  Geo.    Munro   of   Obsdale.     2.  John   of    Meikill    Davanch,   who 
married    Beatrix    Ross.   Sas.    24th   Janusry    1607,   relict,  and   now 
spouse  to  Andrew  Ross  of  Shandwick. 
(2.)     Agnes  (perhaps  by  first  wife),  married  Duncan  Campbell  of  Boath. 
(3.)     Christian    (by   first   wife?),   married   Kenneth    Mackenzie,   third   of 
Dochmaluak,  who  died  1617,  buried  at  Beauly. 
He  married,  secondly,  Katherine,  daughter  of  Kenneth  Mackenzie  of  Kin- 
tail ;    she   died    at    Daan    12th   April.    1592.    was   buried   at    Feme,    and,    with 
various  daughters,  had. 

21.     Nicholas,  first  of  Pitcalnie.     (See  post.) 

72.     Malcolm.     In    1580    King    James    granted    him    the    chaplainry    of 

Cambuscurry    for   his    education.     Charter   to   him   of  the    lands 

of  Cambuscurry  8th  August  1598   (Great  Seal).     Sas.  30th  April 

1606  on  precept  from  chancery  to  him  for  the  mill  of  Morinsche. 

He  died  s.  p. 

1".     George,  tenth  of  Balnagown.  in  May   1560  was  infeft  in  the  Lordship 

of  Balnagown  on  charter  by  his  father  (Balnagowy  Papers),  in  1567  was  a 

student  at  St.  Andrews,  had  a  charter  of  the  lands  of  Wester  Feme,  Mul- 

derg,  etc..  7th  June  1606  (Great  Seal),  died  14th  February  1615-6  (Kal  of  P.), 

having  married  first  Marion,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Campbell,  first  of  Calder, 

by  whom  he  had, 

18.     David.     (See  belozv.) 

(I.)     Jean.  "Lady  of  Kintail."  died  12th  May  1604   (Kal.  of  F.),  having 
married    Kenneth,    first    Lord    Mackenzie    of    Kintail.    who    died 

March  161 1.     P. 

(2.)     Katherine.  "Lady  Maye."  died  5th  July  1603    (Kal.  of  F.),  having 

married  Sir  William  Sinclair  of  Mey.     P. 
(3.)     Muriella.    married    Duncan    Grant.      Sas.    26th    November    1606   on 
charter  of  the  church  lands  of  Rothemurchus  by  Patrick  Grant 
to  his  son  and  apparent  heir  Duncan  and  Muriella  Ross. 
(4.)     Isobell,  married  as  second  wife  John  Munro.  first  of  Fearn. 
George     Ross     married,     secondly,     Isobell,     second     daughter     of    Angus 
M'Intosh  of  M'Tntosh.     "  Lady  Balnagown."  Sas.  9th  March  1669.     He  had 
also  a  natural  son  Alexander   (Reg.  P.  Conn.  3d  June  1596)-     He  was  suc- 
ceeded by  his  son  and  heir. 

18.  David,  eleventh  of  Balnagown.  Sas.  1st  May  1606.  on  charter  by 
George  Ross  to  David  his  son  and  apparent  heir  of  Culcarne  and  other 
lands.  Heir  of  his  father  in  the  lands  of  Wester  Feme.  Downie,  Ranylome, 
Meikle  Rany.  Pitkerie  and  others.  8th  September  1615  (Retours).  He  died 
20th   November   1632,  buried  at   Feme,  having  married  first  —  contract  pre- 

Line  of  Balnagown.  13 

served  at  Dunrobin  dated  7th  and  8th  July  1584  —  Lady  Mary  Gordon, 
second  daughter  of  Alexander.  Earl  of  Sutherland,  "  a  vertuous  and  comely 
lady  of  ane  excellent  and  quick  witt  "  (Sir  R.  Gordon);  she  died  s.  p.  at 
Overskibo  in  1605,  aet.  22,  buried  at  Dornoch.  By  the  aforesaid  marriage 
contract  it  was  also  settled  that  should  there  be  a  failure  of  an  heir-male 
to  Balnagown,  then  John,  Master  of  Sutherland,  should  marry  Jean,  eldest 
daughter  of  George.  He  married,  secondly,  Lady  Annabella  Murray, 
daughter  of  John,  Earl  of  Tullibardine.  Sas.  6th  January  1607  on  charter 
from  George  Ross  of  Balnagown  to  Annabella  Murray,  about  to  marry  his 
apparent  heir;  he  was  succeeded  by  his  only  son, 

19.  David,  twelfth  of  Balnagown,  "  being  21  years  complete."  Sas.  22d 
October,  1640.  On  commission  of  war  Ross-shire  1643-44-46  (Acts  of  Pari.). 
He  fought  at  the  Battle  of  Worcester,  and,  dying  a  prisoner  in  the  Tower, 
was  buried  at  Westminster  29th  December  1653  (Kal.  of  F.),  having  married 
in  1635  Marie,  eldest  daughter  of  Hugh,  Lord  Fraser  of  Lovat,  "  and  now 
spouse,"  Sas.  31st  March  1636;  she  died  at  Ardmore  22d  December  1646 
(Kal.   of  F.),  leaving  issue, 

20.    David.     (See  below.) 

Alexander,  born  13th  September  1645,  died  s.  p.,  April  1665. 

(1.)  Isobell,  married,  1659,  James  Innes  of  Lightnet  (Stodart's  Scottish 
Arms,  ii,  288),  brother  to  Sir  Robert  Innes  of  that  Ilk,  being 
relict  of  Colonel  John  Sutherland,  brother  to  Lord  Duffus. 

(2.)  Katherine,  married  Mr.  John  Mackenzie,  fourth  of  Inverlael,  "  his 
spouse."     Sasine,  8th  April  1670,  P. 

20.  David,  thirteenth  of  Balnagown,  son  and  heir  to  his  father,  6th 
October  1657,  in  the  lands  of  Strathoykell,  Inverchasley,  and  others  (Inq. 
spec.  Ross  ct  Cram.),  Commissioner  of  Supply,  Ross-shire,  1678-85  (Acts  of 
Parliament),  M.  P.  Ross-shire,  1669-74,  Sheriff,  1689.  He  obtained  a  charter 
to  himself  and  Francis  Stewart  of  the  lands  and  barony  of  Balnagown,  20th 
July  1688  (Great  Seal).  Born  14th  September  1644,  he  died  17th  April 
1711,  s.  p.  I.,  having  married  (sasine  on  marriage  contract,  10th  April  1666) 
Lady  Anne  Stewart,  daughter  of  James,  Earl  of  Moray;  she  died  1719. 

He  left  several  illegitimate  children,  among  them  "  George,  son  to  David 
Ross  of  Balnagown,"  Sasine  18th  November  1694.  He  settled  part  of  the 
Drum  of  Fearn  on  John  Ross,  mason  in  Balnagown,  and  Margaret  Ross  his 
spouse,  6th  May  1668. 

Various  settlements  were  proposed  for  establishing  the  ■succession  to  the 
broad  lands  of  Balnagown,  which,  by  a  document  registered  at  Fortrose  in 
1688,  consisted  of  forty-eight  properties.  An  interesting  account  is  given 
of  the  extraordinary  intrigues  for  gaining  possession  of  the  estate  in 
Antiquarian  Notes,  Macintosh,  Inverness,  1865,  pp.  57-/0.  Excluding  the 
old  family,  it  passed  to  Lieut.-General  Charles  Ross,  from  him  to  his 
nephew,  Honourable  Charles  Ross,  who  fell  at  Fontenoy,  30th  April  1745, 
when  his  father,  George,  thirteenth  Lord  Ross,  succeeded.  His  son,  William, 
Lord  Ross,  inherited,  and,  dying  unmarried  19th  August  1754,  after  some 
litigation,  it  passed  to  his  cousin,  Sir  James  Ross  Lockhart,  whose  descendant 
is  now  the  owner. 

14  Rossiana. 


21.  Nicholas,  first  of  Pitcalnie,  eldest  son  of  Alexander  Ross,  ninth  of 
Balnagown,  by  his  second  wife,  Katherine,  daughter  of  Kenneth  Mackenzie 
of  Kintail.  Pitcalnie  was  conveyed  to  them  by  Henry,  Bishop  of  Ross  (Hist. 
MSS.  6th  Report,  p.  715).  In  1587  Nicholas  obtained  a  charter  from  his 
father  of  Pitcalnie  and  other  lands.  In  February  1591  engaged  with  his  father 
and  half  brother  George  (17)  in  assisting  the  fugitive  Earl  of  Bothwell  in 
the  north  (Reg.  Priv.  Conn.).     Charter  to  him  and  David,  his  son  and  heir, 

of  the  third  part  of  Arkboll.    He  died July  161 1   (Kalender  of  Feme), 

having  married  (contract  dated  at  Arkboll.  24th  June  1587)  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Hugh  Munro  of  Assynt,  and  widow  of  Alexander  Ross,  second 
of  Little  Tarrell.     She  had, 

22.  David.     (See  below.) 

(1.)     Christian,    married    Donald    Macleod,    seventh    of    Assynt.      Sasine 
30th  June  1624. 

22.  David,  second  of  Pitcalnie,  heir  of  Malcolm  Ross  (72)  of  Cambus- 
curry,  27th  October  1618  (Inq.  spec.  Ross  ct  Crom.).  He  died  14th  October 
1646,  buried  at  Feme,  having  married  Jean,  daughter  of  Alexander  Dunbar 
of  Munness  (sasine  15th  December  1640),  leaving 

23.  David.     (See  below.) 

40.  Mr.  Nicholas,  "  second  son,  wit."     Sasine  15th  December  1640 

41.  Malcolm,  first  of  Kindeace.     (See  post.) 

23.  David,  third  of  Pitcalnie,  apparent  of  Pitcalnie,  Sasine  26th  October 
1639,  appointed  tutor  to  David,  twelfth  of  Balnagown,  being  nearest  paternal 
kinsman  (Inqitis.  de  tutela).  Commissioner  of  war,  Ross-shire.  1648-9,  of 
excise  1661,  fined  £720  (Acts  of  Parliament) .  He  married,  first.  Margaret, 
second  daughter  of  Alexander  Mackenzie  of  Kilcoy  (sasine  15th  December 
1646),  by  whom  he  had 

(1)     Margaret,   married   Hector    Douglas   of   Mulderg.      Sasine   on  mar- 
riage contract  4th  March.  1670. 
(2.)     Katherine,   married   Robert  Munro  of  Achnagairt.     Marriage  con- 
tract dated  30th  August,  1679. 
He  married,  secondly,  Christinia,  daughter  of  Colonel  J.  Munro  of  Obsdale, 
widow  of  Captain  James  M'Culloch  of  Kindace ;  she  married,  thirdly,  John 
Munro  of  Fyrish.     She  had  by  her  second  husband, 

24.  Alexander.     (See  below.) 

(1.)     Issobel.   only   daughter,   married   Mr.   James,   eldest   son  of  Angus 
M'Culloch   of  Pitnillie.     Sasine  on  marriage  contract  29th   Sep- 
tember 1682. 
24.     Alexander,  fourth  of  Pitcalnie,  in  1685  commissioner  of  supply  Ross- 
shire  (Acts  of  Parliament),  in  1695-6  tenant  of  the  bishopric  of  Ross  (Rent 
Roll).     He   married   Agnes,    eldest    daughter   of   Hugh    Ross   of    Balmackie 
(sasine  on  marriage  contract   12th  February   1684),  and  had, 

25.  Malcolm.     (See  below.) 

32.  George,  "  brother  of  Malcolm."     Sasine   15th  April  1710. 

33.  William,    fourth    son    to    Alexander,    fourth    of    Pitcalnie.     Sasine 

15th  April   1710.     Captain  in  the  army,  went  to  Antrim  in   1741, 

Line  of  Pitcalnie.  15 

and  died  18th  October  1763,  having  married  Elizabeth  Brussack, 
widow  of  W.  Whitly.     They  had,  with  two  daughters,  an  onlv  son 

34.  Alexander,    who    married    Honora    Burke,    and    had,    with    three 

daughters,  an  only  son. 

35.  James.     (See  below.) 

(1.)     Margaret,  who  died  nth  January  1730,  having  married  Mr.  David 
Ross,  minister  of  Tarbat.  who  died  18th  October  1748. 

25.  Malcolm,  fifth  of  Pitcalnie,  who  on  the  death  of  his  cousin  David, 
thirteenth  of  Balnagown  (20)  s.  p.  /.,  became  the  male  representative  of  the 
Earls  of  Ross  of  the  old  creation,  and  chief  of  the  family.  In  1706  he  was 
commissioner  of  supply,  on  12th  March  1708  he  had  a  charter  of  adjudica- 
tion and  resignation  of  his  lands  (Great  Seal)  ;  by  sasine,  23d  August  1720, 
Alexander  Forrester  of  Culnald  ceded  to  him  the  quarter-lands  of  Annate 
in  the  parish  of  Nigg;  in  1721  he  is  styled  Burgess  of  Tain.  He  married 
first,  in  1706.  Jean,  eldest  daughter  of  Mr.  J^mes  M'Culloch  of  Piltoun,  by 
whom  he  had, 

26.  Alexander,  eldest  son  of  Malcolm  R.  and  Jean  M'Culloch.     Sasine 

15th  April  1710.  (See  below.) 

29.  James. 

30.  Charles,  third  son.  Sasine  22d  September  1730. 

31.  Angus,  fourth  son.  Sasine  22d  September  1730. 

(1.)     Anne,    (2)    Christian,    (3)    Isabel,    (4)    Katherine,   who,   with  their 
brothers  were  alive  in  1733.1 
Malcolm  married,   second,  Agnes,  daughter  of  Hugh  Wallace  of  Igliston 
and  widow  of  George  Munro.  first  of  Culrain,  by  whom  he  had  no  issue. 
He  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son. 

26.  Alexander,  sixth  of  Pitcalnie,  who  died  at  Avoch,  nth  September 
1758  (Gents.  Mag.),  having  married,  first,  Jean,  second  daughter  of  George 
Munro  of  Newmore,  by  Margaret,  sister  of  the  Lord  President  Forbes 
(contract  dated  at  Arboll  nth  January  1729,  sasine  on  it  22d  September 
1730)  ;  by  her  he  had. 

27.  Malcolm,  ob.  v.  p.  s.  p.  m.     In  1745  he  was  at  College  at  Aberdeen, 

and,   joining    Prince   Charles   Edward,    was    attainted.     He   mar- 
ried Susanna,  daughter  of  John  Dunbar  of  Burgie;  she  died,  his 

relict, 1794,  and  left  an  only  surviving  child  Jean,  who  died  in 

her  thirty-first  year,  23d  September,  1788,  having  married  Alex- 
ander  Macpherson,   Writer,   Inverness.     (Scots  Mag.) 
Alexander    married,    secondly,    Isobel.    daughter    of    David    M'Culloch    of 
Piltoun.     He  married,  thirdly,  Naomi,  daughter  of  John  Dunbar  of  Burgie, 
Advocate  (contract  dated  12th  December  1753)  ;  by  her  he  had  an  only  son, 

28.  Munro. 

28.  Munro,  seventh  of  Pitcalnie,  who  settled  the  lands  of  Pitcalnie  as 
follows,  sasine  14th  June  1760,  on  royal  charter  in  favour  of  himself  and  his 
heirs-male,  whom  failing  to  Captain  William  Ross  (33)  of  the  Royal  Regi- 
ment in  Dublin  and  his  heirs-male,  whom  failing  to  Duncan  Ross  of  Kin- 

1What   became   of   all    these    sons    and   daughters,    and    of   the    second    and    third    sons 
of  Alexander,  fourth  of   Pitcalnie?     Did  none  of  the   sons   leave   issue? 

1 6  Rossi a  n  a. 

deace  (-4-4)  and  his  heirs-male,  whom  failing  to  David  Ross  (51)  of 
Inverchasley  and  his  heirs-male,  whom  all  failing  to  the  nearest  heirs-male 
of  the  late  Alexander,  sixth  (26).  In  1778  he  claimed  the  title  of  Earl  of 
Ross,  and  his  petition  was  presented  to  the  House  of  Lords.  Dying  unmar- 
ried 2d  March  1810,  according  to  the  terms  of  the  settlement  he  was  succeeded 
by  his  cousin  James  (35),  only  son  of  Alexander  Ross  (34). 

35.  James,  eighth  of  Pitcalnie,  was  served  heir  to  his  cousin  12th  July 
1810.  and  died  31st  March  1817.  leaving  by  his  wife  Sarah,  daughter  of 
G.  Johnston  of  Skerrins.  Co.  Dublin   (she  died  1816), 

36.  James,  ninth  of  Pitcalnie,  served  heir  of  Pitcalnie  23d  August  1821, 

and  died  unmarried  12th  April   1829. 

37.  George,  succeeded  his  brother.     (Sec  below.) 

38.  Henry,  died  unmarried  1830. 

39.  William  Munro,  died  in  Jamaica  1839,  leaving  a  son  William,  who 

died   unmarried   in    1872. 
Blenerhassett  died  unmarried  in  Jamaica  1840. 
(1.)     Sarah,    married    Donald    Williamson,    and    had,    with    a    daughter 
Sarah,  married,  first,  John  Ross,  who  died  s.  p.,  and,  secondly, 
1862,  Arthur  Thompson,  P. ;  a  son,  John  Hugh  Ross  Williamson, 

born  May,   1S37,  wno  died  ,  having  married , 

leaving  a  son. 
George  Ross  Williamson,  now  of  Pitcalnie. 
37.     George,  tenth  of  Pitcalnie,  born  3d  September  1803,  married,  1st  June 
1837,   Katherine,   daughter  of   Dugald  Gilchrist  of  Ospisdale;    she   died  9th 
May  1888,  and  he  having  died  29th  August  1884,  s.  p.,  was  succeeded  by  his 
sister's  grandson  as  above. 


41.  Malcolm  Ross,  first  of  Kindeace,  third  son  of  David  Ross,  second  of 
Pitcalnie,  described  as  "in  Gany  "  (Sasine  19th  July  1624),  then  "in  Mid- 
ganies  "  (Sasine  23d  April  1627),  obtained  a  charter  from  John  Corbat  of 
Little  Ranie  of  part  of  the  lands  of  Midganies  in  the  Abbacy  of  Feme  in 
favour  of  himself  and  Katherine  Corbat  his  spouse  (Sasine  on  the  same  30th 
May  1649),  and  also  a  charter  (Sasine  8th  Augst  1651),  from  John  Ross  of 
Little  Tarrel  to  him  and  his  spouse  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Tuttintarroch, 
called  East  and  West  Turnakis.  In  1661  he  is  styled  "  of  Knockan ;  "  in 
April  of  the  same  year  he  made  a  contract  of  wadset  with  David  M'Culloch 
of  Kindeace,  and,  2d  March  1667,  obtained  a  disposition  from  Sir  George 
M*Kenzie  of  Tarbat  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Meikle  Kindeace.  parish  of 
Nigg  (Sasine  18th  August  1683).  In  1662  he  was  fined  £600,  was  Justice  of 
Peace,  Ross-shire,  1663,  and  Commissioner  of  Supply  1667  (Acts  of  Par- 
liament). Circa  1672  he  received  a  grant  of  Arms,  "  gu.  3  Lyoncells  ramp, 
arg.  within  a  bordure  counter  compound  of  the  2d  and  1st.  Crest,  a  fox 
passant  proper.  Motto,  Caute  non  astute"  (Lyon  Off.).  He  died  before 
8th  May  1695,  having  had  by  his  first  wife,  Katherine  Corbat, 

42.  William,  younger  of  Kindeace,  burgess  of  Tain  1680,  infefted  by 
his  father  in  Kindeace  25th  September  1684  (Kindeace  Writs), 
who  also,  2d  February  1682,  had  disposed  of  the  lands  of  Inver- 

Line  of  Kindeace.  ij 

chasley  in  favour  of  him  and  his  "  apparent  spouse  Jean  Dunbar," 
daughter  of  Sir  Pat.  Dunbar  of  Sidera,  Sutherland.  She  married 
secondly,  before  19th  April  1712  (Sasine),  Hugh  M'Kay  of 
Scourie.  In  1688  William  Ross  was  murdered  by  James,  second 
Lord  Duffus,  his  debtor,  who  had  been  asked  for  payment.  As 
they  were  walking  together  between  Balnagown  and  the  ferry  of 
Inverbreakie,  Lord  Duffus  fell  on  him  and  ran  him  through  with 
his  sword ;  he  fled  to  England,  and  remained  there  until  his  friends 
purchased  a  remission  from  the  Crown  (Kindeace  Papers).  He 
was  son-in-law  to  Lady  Seaforth,  who,  writing  to  him  from 
Chanori  (Fortrose),  8th  April  1688,  says:  "Many  a  man  has 
fallen  in  such  ane  accident  worse  than  your  circumstances  was, 
yet  has  been  at  peace  with  God  and  all  the  world,  and  lived  very 
happily  for  all  that."  (Soc.  Life  in  Form.  Days,  Dunbar,  vol.  i, 
p.  105).     William  Ross  left 

43.     David,  heir  to  his  grandfather.     (See  below.) 
— .     William,  brother  to  David    (Sasine  4th  May   1706). 
(1.)     Katherine  (marriage  contract  dated  17th  March  1706),  mar- 
ried   Geo.    M'Kay    of    Bighouse.     She    married,    secondly, 
Robert  Sinclair,  of  Geise,  by  whom  she  had  one  son  and 
four  daughters. 
50.     David.     (See  post.) 

63.  Malcolm,   "  merch.    Inverness"    (Sasine   16th   May   1695),   "brother 

of  David"  (18th  October  1695),  "son  to  Kindeis "  (10th  Feb- 
ruary 1697). 

64.  Thomas.     (See  post.) 

(1.)     Christian,    married    first    William    Ross,    seventh    of    Invercharron, 
secondly  John  Ross,  "  of  Gruinards." 
Malcolm,    first    of    Kindeace,    married    secondly    Jean,    daughter    of    Thomas 
M'Culloch  of  Kindeace,  provost  of  Tain,  by  Isobel,  daughter  of  James  David- 
son, provost  of  Dundee;  they  had  (Sasine  16th  May  1695)  three  sons, 

69.  Alexander,  born  in  Ross-shire  1661,  Joined  his  uncle  Robert  M'Cul- 

loch, a  merchant  in  Copenhagen,  where  he  probably  settled.  He 
obtained  a  "  bore  brieve  "  setting  forth  his  "  honourable  descent " 
for  many  generations. 

70.  Nicholas,  alive  1695. 

71.  John,  died  before  16th  May  1695. 

43.  David,  second  of  Kindeace,  burgess  of  Tain  1709,  of  Dingwall  1732. 
Appointed  chamberlain  and  receiver  of  the  revenues  of  the  Earldom  of  Ross 
14th  November  1728,  succeeded  his  grandfather  in  an  embarrassed  estate, 
having  for  guardian  his  uncle  David  of  Inverchasley,  Tutor  of  Kindeace.  He 
married  (contract  dated  21st  April  1709,  Sasine  on  it  19th  April  1712) 
Griselda,  seventh  daughter  of  Duncan  Forbes  of  Culloden.  They  had, 
44.  Duncan  Forbes.  (See  below.) 
49.     John,  baptized  at  Tain  5th  October  1722. 

(1.)     Mary  Innes    (Sasine  26th  June  1740),  married  Bernard  M'Kenzie 
of  Kinnoch.     P. 

1 8  Rossi  a  ii  a. 

(2.)     Jean  Dunbar,  married  Donald  M'Kenzie  of  Orloch  Hill. 
(3.)     Katherine,  married  Provost  Rose  of  Fortrose.     P. 
44.     Duncan  Forbes,  third  of  Kindeace,  burgess  of   Nairn    1726.     Charter 
of  resignation  and  concession  of  the  lands  of  Meikle  Kindeace  as  heir  general 

of  his   late  father   David,   6th  August   1756    {Great   Seal).     He   died  

November    1769,  having  married  Jean,   daughter   of   Hugh    Rose,   thirteenth 
baron  of  Kilravock.     She  died  1776,  leaving, 

45.  David,  fourth  of  Kindeace,  who  died  .>-.  p.  in   1S00,  having  about 

1788   sold  the   property   to   John   M'Kenzie,   Commander   of  the 
Prince  Kaunits  who  changed  the  name  to  Bayfield. 

46.  Hugh,  Lieutenant  of  Marines   1776. 

*7.     John,  styled  of  Kindeace.     {See  below.) 

(1.)     Jean  Rose,  married  Mr.  Joseph  Taylor,  minister  of  Carnbee,  Fife. 
They  had  four  sons  and  three  daughters,  of  whom  the  second, 
Elizabeth  Dunbar,  married  John  Goodsir.1 
(2.)     Anne  Munro,  died  unmarried   1837. 
(3.)     Grace,  died  unmarried. 
(4.)     Caroline,  died  unmarried. 
47.     John,  fifth  of  Kindeace,  Lieutenant-Colonel  42d  Highlanders,  died  at 

Lath   1819.    having   married,   30th    April    1798,    Honourable    Letitia 

Browne,  fourth  daughter  of  first  Lord  Kilmaine.     She  died  30th  December 
1809,  leaving, 

48.     James   Caulfield  Innes   Munro,   styled  of  Kindeace,  Lieutenant   in 

the  army.     Died  unmarried  in   India  1834. 

(1.)     Letitia,   died  young. 
(2.)     Anna,  died  young. 


50.  David  Ross,  first  of  Inverchasley,  second  son  of  Malcolm  Ross,  first 
of  Kindeace,  by  his  first  wife  Katherine  Corbat.  David  Ross,  thirteenth  of 
Balnagown,  granted  a  charter  of  the  lands  of  Inverchasley  to  the  aforesaid 
Malcolm  (  Sasine  27th  September  1671),  who  built  a  house  there.  David  Ross, 
after  the  murder  of  his  eldest  brother,  was  appointed  "Tutor  of  Kindeace," 
he  was  a  writer  in  Edinburgh,  1692,  commissioner  of  supply,  Sutherlandshire, 
1695,    1704    (Acts  of  Parliament),   sheriff-depute  of  Ross    (Sasine  9th  June 

1708).     He  died  at  Tarlogie  January   1723,  having  married  as  first  wife 

Mary,  daughter  of  Hugh  Munro,  second  of  Newmore,2  and  relict  of  Roderick 
Macleod  of  Cambuscurrie,  by  whom,  with  other  children,  he  had, 

51.     David.     (See  below.) 

62.     Malcolm,   "son  to   Inverchasley"    (Suit  Roll,  Tain,  1721). 
He   married    secondly,    at    Tain,    without   banns,    20th    January    1718,    Mary, 
daughter    of    Andrew    Ross,    sixth    of    Shandwick,   and    widow    of    William 
M'Intosh  of  Balnespeck,  by  whom  he  had  an  only  daughter  Mary,  who  mar- 

JTo  Robert  Anstruther  Goodsir,  M.  D.,  their  son,  I  am  indebted  for  much  valuable 
assistance,    and    for    copies    of    the    Kindeace    Writs.  F.    N.    R. 

2By  this  marriage,  on  the  death  of  William  Ross  of  Aldie  (lviii.),  9th  December 
1803.    the    estate    of    Newmore   passed    to    David    Ross,    Lord    Ankerville    (52). 

Br  audi  of  Inverchasley.  19 

ricd   Grant    of    Balintoune.     She    had    a    son    John,    Lieutenant    42d 


51.  David,  second  of  Inverchasley,  when  examined  as  a  witness  in  1755, 
declared  his  age  to  be  55  (Antiquarian  Notes).  He  acquired  the  lands  of 
Easter  and  Wester  Morangie  from  George  Ross  of  Morangie  (Sasine  3d  May 
1726),  and  Dibidale  in  Kincardine  (Sasine  14th  October  1726).  He  died  at 
Tarlogie  14th  February  1764  (Scots  Mag.),  having  married  first  (contract 
dated  30th  July  1728),  Elspat,  daughter  of  James  Sutherland  of  Clynes  (Reg. 
of  Tain),  and  secondly  Anna  Ross  (Sasine  5th  March  1745),  to  whom  he 
disponed  in  liferent  the  lands  of  Meikle  Ranyes.     He  had, 

52.  David.     (See  beloiv.) 

59.  Charles,  Colonel  of  the  Manchester  Regiment  of  Foot,  General  in 

the  army.  He  became  owner  of  Invercharron,  and  died 

60.  James,  in  the  Scots  Fusileers,  died  unmarried. 

61.  John,  by  second  wife,  died  at  Madras  unmarried. 
(1.)     Ann,  married  William  Ross,  tenth  of  Invercharron. 

(2.)     ,    married    M'Culloch.     Perhaps    Jean,    daughter    of 

Inverchasley  and  Elspat  Sutherland,  baptized  at  Tain  25th  Feb- 
ruary 1726. 

(3.)     Mary   Ann,   youngest   daughter,   by   second   wife,   married   Captain 

Charles  Munro,  fifth  of  Culrain.     He  died  at  Madras 1782. 

Their  grandson  became  Sir  Charles  Munro,  Baronet. 

52.  David,  third  of  Inverchasley,  was  appointed  in  1756  Stewart-depute 
of  Kirkcudbright,  in  1763  one  of  the  principal  clerks  of  Session,  and  in  1776 
was  raised  to  the  bench  by  the  title  of  Lord  Ankerville.  When  in  1786  he 
sold,  for  £17,600,  the  estates  of  Shandwick,  Culliss,  and  Ankerville  to  William 
Ross,  grandson  of  Andrew  Ross,  seventh  of  Shandwick,  he  retained  Tarlogie 

and    Morangie.     Born  1727,   he   died   at   Tarlogie   16th   August    1805, 

having  married  (contract  dated  7th  August  1755)  Margaret,  only  child  of 
John  Cochrane  of  Ravelrig  (Scots  Mag.).  She  died  31st  May  1812  (Ed.  An. 
Reg.),  leaving, 

53.  David.     (See  below.) 
57.     Charles.     (See  post.) 

(1.)  Margaret,  eldest  daughter,  married,  circa  1783,  James,  son  of 
William  Baillie  of  Ardmore,  and  Captain  7th  Fusileers.  She  left 
three  daughters. 

(2.)     Elizabeth,  died  unmarried. 

(3.)     Jane,  died  unmarried. 

53.  David.  In  1777  he  entered  the  house  of  Messrs.  Coutts  and  Drum- 
mond.  He  married,  ,  Marian,  daughter  to  Colonel  Gall,  military  sec- 
retary to  Warren  Hastings.  She  married  secondly,  2d  April  1809,  the  8th 
Lord  Reay,  and  died  2d  July  1865.     By  her  first  husband  she  had, 

51.     David,  Colonel  Bengal  army. 

55.  Charles,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Bengal  army,  married  Marian,  daughter 

of  General  Maxwell,  and  died  s.  p. 

56.  Laurence,  Lieutenant  Bengal  army,  died  unmarried. 

20  Russia  n  a. 

(i.)     Margaret  Ankerville,  married,  at  Malta,    ist  March  1820,  Colonel 

Shone,  R.  A.,  .y.  p.  v. 
(2.)     Marian,  married,  at  Malta,   12th  November  1828,  Colonel  Cramer 
Roberts,  and  had  two  sons,  of  whom  John,  the  eldest,  is  heir  of 
line  of  Inverchasley. 
(3.)     Jane,  died  unmarried. 
57.     Charles,  of  Invercharron,  advocate,  Edinburgh,  and  judge  in  the  con- 
sistorial  court.     The  estate  of  Invercharron  was  entailed  on  him  and  on  his 
heirs,  male  and  female,  by  his  uncle,  General  Charles  Ross.     He  was  born 

5th  August  1768,  and  died 1836,  being  the  last  male  representative  of 

David  Ross,  second  of  Inverchasley.     He  married, ,  Margaret,  daughter 

of  James  Borrowman,  by  whom  he  had, 
— .     Charles,  died  unmarried. 
58.     Robert  Ferguson,  who  succeeded  to  Invercharron,  and  died  s.  p. 

10th  January  1875. 
— .     Ronald  Crawford  Ferguson,  died  unmarried. 

(1.)     Margaret  Ankerville,  who.  in  virtue  of  the  entail,  inherited  Inver- 
charron   on    her   brother's    death,    having   married,   1834, 

Captain  Joseph  John  Grove,  25th  Foot,  who  assumed  the  name 

of  Ross.1     They  had, 

— .     Joseph   Charles,   Captain  43d   regiment,   who   died  8th   May 

1889,  having  married,  i860,  Emily  Henrietta  Hay, 

daughter  of  William  Erskine,  fifth  son  of  David  Erskine, 
of  Cardross.     P. 
(1.)     Harriet  Goldie. 

(2.)     Amelia  Donald  Ankerville,  married  i860,  John  Sen- 
house  Goldie  Taubman,  her  cousin.     P. 
(2.)      Mary  Ferguson. 
(3.)     Elizabeth. 
The  entail  of  Invercharron  was  broken  a  few  years  ago,  and  the  property 



64.  Thomas  Ross,  ultimately  first  of  Calrossie,  was  fourth  son  of  Malcolm 
Ross,  first  of  Kindeace,  by  his  first  wife  Katherine  Corbat;  in  1665  was  styled 
'*  in  Knockan ;  "  he  obtained  these  lands  and  others  8th  October  1695 ;  by 
charter  under  Great  Seal  the  lands  of  Easter  and  Wester  Letters  (Sasine 
25th  May  1708)  ;  and  by  disposition  from  Mr.  David  Poison  of  Kinmylies 
(Sasine  nth  July  1709).  "the  J/2  davoch  lands  of  Calrossie  in  the  parish  of 
Logie  Easter  in  favour  of  Thos.  Ross  of  Knockan."  These  lands  he  disposed 
in  liferent  (Sasine  5th  June  1716)  to  his  wife  Katherine  Ross,  by  whom 
he  had, 

1Under   Grove-Ross   of   Invercharron    (Burke,   Landed   Gentry,    1879)    it   is    stated    that 

David    Ross,    second    of   Inverchasley,    married   ,    daughter   of    Ronald    Craufurd    of 

Restalrig,  sister  of  the  Countess  of  Dumfries,  and  that  she  was  mother  of  David,   Lord 
Ankerville.     Margaret,    second    daughter    of   Patrick    Craufurd    of    Achmanes,    by    his    first 

wife,    Gordon,    married    John    Cochrane    of    Ravelrig;    her    half-brother,    Ronald 

Craufurd  of   Restalrig,   W.    S.,   by   Katherine   Forbes,    his   wife,   was   father   of    Margaret, 
Countess    of    Dumfries,    who    was,    therefore,    cousin    to    Lord    Ankerville's    wife. 

Line  of  Invercharron.  21 

65.  Thomas,  second  of  Calrossie.  On  the  Suit  Roll  of  Tain  1730,  town 
treasurer  1736,  Sheriff-substitute  of  Ross  1750;  in  1730  styled  "of  Knockan," 

in  1738  "  of  Calrossie."     He  died 1754,  having  married  Isobel,  daughter 

of  William  Ross,  fifth  of  Easterfearn.  He  disposed  of  the  lands  of  Pitneileis 
in  the  parish  of  Tain  in  her  favour  21st  October  1749,  Thomas,  their  eldest 
son,  being  witness.     The}-  had, 

66.  Thomas,  younger  of  Calrossie,  an  officer  in  the  army,  killed  on  the 

heights  of  Abraham  (Quebec)   12th  September  1759. 

67.  Alexander.     (See  belozv.) 

68.  John,  poisoned  at   Cork,  circa   1781,   by  having  a   dose  of  arsenic 

administered  to  him  by  mistake  for  magnesia.  Perhaps  he  was 
the  elder  brother  of  Alexander  (67),  for  in  two  old  letters  there 
are  the  following  notices :  "  Calrossie,  recruiting  in  this  town 
(Tain),  1776,  most  unluckily,  and  without  intention,  killed  one  of 
the  town  guard,  for  which  he  was  try'd  and  acquitted  at  the  last 
Inverness  assizes."  "Jack  Ross  (Calrossie)  brought  11  recruits 
to  be  attested  for  Calrossie." 

(1.)     Elizabeth,  died  unmarried. 

(2.)     Katherine,  died  at   Newton   Ross,    nth   May   1757,  ast.  25    (Scots. 

.Mag.),   having  married  John   Munro,   second  of  Culcairn,   who 

made  a  provision  for  her  on  his  estates  (Sasine  3d  March  1753). 

Their  great-grandson  was  the  late  Geo.  Wm.  Holmes  Ross  of 


67.     Alexander,     third    of     Calrossie,     unmarried     in     1790,     and     styled 



74.  William  Ross  of  Ardgay,  afterwards  first  of  Invercharron,  second 
son  of  Sir  David  Ross,  Knt.,  seventh  of  Balnagown,  and  Helen  Keith  his 
wife.  In  1528  James  v.  granted  to  him,  styled  "  brother  of  deceased  Walter, 
eighth  of  Balnagown,"  lands  in  Strathoickell  (Orig.  Par.  Scot.  vol.  ii,  part  ii, 

p.    690).     He   married    ,    daughter    of    Alexander    M'Kenzie,    first    of 

Davochmaluak,  and  had, 

75.     Alexander.     (See  belozv.) 

128.  Hugh. 

129.  John. 

(1.)  Effie,  married  Mr.  Hector  Munro,  minister  of  Edderton,  first  of 
Daan  (Sasines  22d  August  1626  and  30  April  1629),  lands  of 
Little  Daan.       They  had  three  sons,  William,  Alexander,  John. 

75.  Alexander,  second  of  Invercharron,  with  other  Rosses,  harried  the 
lands  of  Vaus  of  Lochslyne,  26th  September  1610  (Reg.  Priv.  Conn.).  He 
died    15th    September    1619    (Kal.    of   F.),   having   married    first    Margaret, 

daughter  of  ■  Innes  of  Calrossie;  charter  to  him  and  his  spouse  of  the 

lands  of  Invercharron  17th  May  1593  (Great  Seal).  He  married  secondly 
Isobel,  daughter  of  William  Ross  of  Priesthill.  She  married  again  Alexan- 
der, son  of  Thomas  Ross  in  Tutintarroch  (Sasine  30th  July  1632).  By  his 
first  wife  he  is  said  to  have  had  seven  sons  and  six  daughters,  and  by  his 

22  Rossi  a  ii  a. 

second  wife  a  numerous  family   (MS.  Pcd.).     At  present  it  is  impossible  to 
decide  on  the  maternal  descent  of  all  of  the  following  sons: — 

76.  William,  son  and  heir.     (See  below.) 

121.  Nicholas    in    Dalhome,    brother    to    George    Ross    in    Pitmadury 

(Sasine  2ist  June  1626). 

122.  David. 

123.  Alexander  "  in  Drumgillie."  some  time  in  Balnagown   1627,  son  of 

deceased  Alexander  of  Invercharron  (Sasine  20th  October  1647), 
"of  Drumgillie"  (Sasine  5th  April  1642).  Died  before  Decem- 
ber 1668,  having  married  Agnes  M'Culloch  (Sasine  30th  May 

124.  George  in  Pitmaduthie.1  "heir  of  Alexander  Ross  of  Invercharron, 

his   father"    (Inq.   gen.   25th   July   1638).   probably   eldest  son   of 

second   marriage.     He  married  ,   and   had,   with   a 

natural  son  John  (Sasine  1641), 

125.     Alexander,  28th  December   1652   (Kindeace   Writs'). 

126.  Walter. 

127.  Thomas,     "son     of    Alexander    of     Invercharron"     (Sasine    26th 

November  1606). 
1276.     Donald,  "son  of  deceased  Alexander"   (Sasine  30th  July  1632). 

76.  William,  third  of  Invercharron  "apparent  of"  (Sasine  1st  May 
1606).  died  13th  October  1622.  buried  at  Kincardine  (Kal.  of  F.),  having 
married  Katherine,  daughter  of  Hugh  Munro  of  Assynt.     He  had. 

77.  Walter.     I  See  below.  ) 

93.  Hugh. 

94.  Robert.      (See  post.) 

120.  Alexander.  His  father  granted  him  a  charter  of  the  west  half 
of  Wester  Feme,  dated  19th  November,  1620.  Hugh,  his 
brother,   witnessed   the   sasine. 

(  1.)     Ada,  married  William  Ross  of  Priesthill. 

77.  Walter,  fourth  of  Invercharron,  "son  of  late  William"  (Sasine  9th 
February  1630).  On  commission  of  war  Ross  and  Cromarty  164S  (Acts  of 
Parliament).  He  married  first  Issobel,  relict  of  James  Innes,  third  of 
Calrossie,  and  daughter  of  Andrew  Munro,  fifth  of  Milntown  (Sasines  9th 
June  and  6th  September  1625).  married  secondly  Margaret,  daughter  of 
David  Munro  of  Culnauld   (Sasine  9th  February  1630).     He  had, 

78.  Sir    David   of    Broadfoord.    Knt.    of    Malta,    "  apparent    of   Inver- 

charron"    (Sasine  5th  June  1638). 

79.  William.      (Sec  below.) 

(1.)  Janet,  married  first  Thomas  Ross  of  Priesthill  (Sasine  15th 
October  1639),  and  secondly,  as  second  wife,  Kenneth  M'Kenzie, 
first  of  Scatwell,  "relict  of"  (Sasine  12th  May  1682),  by  whom 
she  had  two  sons,  Alexander  and  Kenneth,  fourth  of  Scatwell, 
created  Bart.  Nova  Scotia  1703. 

1\\'illiam  Ross  in  Pitmaduthie.  witness  (Sasine  8th  June  1648),  married  Katherine 
Ross,  "  his  relict  "  (Sasine  31st  June  1698),  by  whom  he  had  Andrew  and  William, 
"  only    sons,"    both    in    Pitmaduthie. 

Line  of  Invercharron.  23 

(2.)     Christian,  married  Hugh  Macleod  of  Cambuscurrie   (son  of  Don- 
ald   Macleod,    seventh    of    Assynt,    by    Christian,    daughter    of 
Nicholas  Ross  of  Pitcalnie)    (Sasine  9th  March  1650),  by  whom 
she   had    three    sons,    Roderick,    /Eneas    of    Cadboll,    Alexander 
of  Sallchy. 
79.     William,    fifth    of    Invercharron,    styled    previously    "  of    Grunzeard " 
(Sasine  4th  August  1652).      Commissioner  of  supply  1655    (Acts  of  Parlia- 
ment).     Charter   to   his   son   and   heir   Walter,   and    his    spouse   Alary   Gray 
(Sasine  30th  December  1661).     He  married  Janet,  daughter  of  Walter  Innes 
of  Inverbreaky,  "his  spouse"    (Sasine   nth  August  1652),  and  had, 

80.  Walter,  sixth  of  Invercharron,  married  Margaret  Gray,  widow  of 

George    Murray    of    Calrossie    (Sasine    10th    April    1666),    and 
died  .?.  p. 

81.  William,  succeeded  his  brother.      (See  below.) 

88.     Hugh    of    Brealangwell    (see    post),    "'brother    of    Invercharron" 

(Sasine  6th  August  1687). 
88b.     David   in   Leakdavak,   lawful   son   of   William    (Sasine   28th   April 

(1.)     Isobel   (marriage-contract  dated  13th  April  1660),  married  Andrew 

Ross  of  Shandwick. 
(2.)     Janet,    married    George    Baillie   of   the    family   of   Dunscan    (MS. 


81.  William,  seventh  of  Invercharron,  "son  to  deceased  William" 
(Sasine  1st  March  1676).  He  died  before  February  1693,  having  married 
Christian,  "his  spouse"  (Sasine  31st  June  1680),  daughter  of  Malcolm  Ross 
of  Kindeace  (marriage-contract  dated  9th  June  1677,  registered  at  Fortrose 
6th  June,  1678).  She  married  secondly,  John  Ross  of  Gruinards.  By  her 
first  husband  she  had,  with  another  daughter, 

82.  William.      (See  below.) 

(1.)  Katharine,  eldest  daughter  (Sasine  on  marriage-contract  14th 
September  1703),  married  Bailie  John  M'Culloch  of  Tain,  brother 
to  Mr.  James  M'Culloch  of  Piltoun. 

82.  William,  eighth,  "  now  of  Invercharron,  eldest  son  of  William, 
eldest  brother  to  deceased  Walter"  (Sasine  7th  August  1708),  commissioner 
of  supply  1685,  1689,  1704  (Acts  of  Parliament),  died  before  1721  (Tain 
Regr.),  having  married  (Sasine  on  contract  9th  August  1708),  Helen, 
second  daughter  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Brealangwell,  "his  spouse"  (Sasine  29th 
October   1719),  by  whom  he  had,  with  other  children, 

83.  David.      (See   bclozv.) 

87.     George,    Lieutenant    in    General    Marjorybanks'    Regt.    1758. 
(1.)     Janet,  married  Angus  Sutherland. 

(2.)  Katherine,  married  John  M'Culloch,  Bailie  of  Tain,  and  had  Ann, 
baptized  at  Tain  18th  June  1721,  David,  baptized  there  7th 
September    1722. 

83.  David,  ninth  of  Invercharron  (Sasine  29th  November  1736  on 
charter  by  George,  Earl  of  Cromarty,  to  David,  now  of  Invercharron, 
eldest  son  and  heir  of  deceased  William  of  Invercharron.  in  the  parish  of 
Kincardine).     Buried  2d  September  1758,  having  married,  before  1727,  Isobel, 

24  Rossiana. 

daughter    of   Hugh    Ross    of   Achnacloich.      She    married,    secondly,    Robert 
Munro  in  Invercharron.     By  her  first  husband  she  had, 

84.  William.      (See  below.) 

84&.     David,  died  unmarried  at  Baltimore  in  America, 
(i.)     Hannah. 

(2.)     Margaret  Janet,  married  John  Munro,  ship's  carpenter,  London. 
(3.)     Hughina. 
84.     William,    tenth    of    Invercharron,    married     (Post-nup.    cont.)     Ann, 
daughter  of  David  Ross,  second  of  Inverchasley,  and  had, 

85.  David,  Captain,  1st  Foot,  d.  s.  p. 

86.  Charles,  soldier  in  India,  1783,  d.  s.  p. 

(1.)     Helen,  married   David   M'Caw,   accountant  of  Excise,   Edinburgh. 
(2.)     Elizabeth. 


88.  Hugh  Ross,  first  of  Brealangwell,  younger  son  of  William  Ross,  fifth 
of  Invercharron,  and  brother  to  deceased  William,  seventh  of  Invercharron 
(Sasine  25th  February  1693),  married  Helen,  daughter  of  David  Dunbar  of 
Dumphail,  and  had, 

88b.       Hugh.      (See  below.) 

(1.)     Anna,    eldest    daughter,    married    (contract    dated   21st   July    1707, 

Sasine  on  it  24th  January  1711 ),  John  Gordon  of  Carroll. 
(2.)     Helen,  second  daughter   (Sasine  on  marriage-contract  9th  August 
1708),  married  her  cousin,  William  Ross,  eighth  of  Invercharron. 

886.     Hugh,  second  of  Brealangwell,  married  first ,  by  whom 

he  had, 

89.  Walter,   styled  "  of  Greenyards,  younger  of  Brealangwell,"  "  only 

son,"  1720,  married  Helen  Macleod  (Sasine  7th  May  1747), 
daughter  of  Roderick  Macleod  of  Cambuscurrie,  by  Mary, 
daughter  of  Hugh  Munro  of  Newmore,  and  had  a  daugh- 
ter   ,   married  circa    1748.      The   marriage-contract 

between  Walter  Ross  and  Helen,  youngest  daughter  of  the  late 
Rosie  Macleod  of  Cambuscurrie,  with  consent  of  Mr.  yEneas 
Macleod  of  Cadboll,  her  uncle,  and  of  .Eneas  Macleod  of 
Cambuscurrie,  her  brother,  was  signed  at  Invercharron  19th 
February  1715.  David  Ross  of  Inverchasley  and  Charles  Ross 
of  Eye,  witnesses.  (Gen.  Reg.  Deeds,  M'Kenzie  Office,  vol.  161.) 
Hugh  married,   secondly,   Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William   Ross  of  Aldie, 

by  Sibla  M'Kenzie  his  wife   (Sasine  1st  April  1725).     Aldie  was  eventually 

settled  on  the  sons  of  this  marriage. 

90.  William,  "  their  son,"  1725. 

91.  Simon,  of  Gladfield  before  1758,  "  son  of  the  late  Hugh,  commonly 

called  of  Brealangwell"  1766,  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Wil- 
liam Munro,  third  of  Achany,  and  had, 

92.  Hugh    of    Gladfield    and    Aldie,    married    Katherine,    daughter    of 

William  Baillie  of  Knockbreak,  d.  s.  p. 
(1.)     Elizabeth,  married,  December  1780,  John  Davidson  of  Buchies.     P. 

Branches  of  Ankerville  and  Easterfearn.  25. 

(2.)     Isabella,    married,    December     1780,    Robert    M'Kay,    Lieutenant, 

Sutherland  Fencibles.      S.  P. 
(3.)     Anne,   married    George    Mackie,    Rector   of   the   Grammar    School 

of  Tain.     F. 
(4.)     Margaret,  married  Lieutenant  George   Munro.      P. 
(5.)     Mary,  married  John,  son  of  Bailie  Rose  of  Nairn.     P. 
(6.)     Georgina,  married  Rev.  John  M'Donald,  D.  D.     P. 
(7.)      Sibella,   married    George    Ross    of   Midfearn,    afterwards    of   Glen- 

canish  in  Assynt.      P. 


94.     Robert    Ross,    second    son   of   William   Ross,    third   of   Invercharron,. 

who  died  13th  October  1622,  had  by two  sons   (MS.  Ped.), 

96.     William.      (See   below.) 

100.  Alexander.      (See  post.) 

96.  William  had  a  son, 

97.  Alexander,  first  of  Ankerville  (Sasine  3d  January  1721,  on  charter 
under  Great  Seal  in  favour  of  Alexander  Ross,  late  merchant  at  Cracow, 
of  the  lands  of  Easter  Kindeace,  now  called  Ankerville).  He  died  between 
1743  and  1750,  having  married  Sophia  French  (Sasine  26th  January  1733)^ 
and  had, 

98.  Alexander,   eldest  son    (Sasine  3d  January   1728). 

99.  David,   second  son    (Sasine   1733). 

"  The  above  Alexander,  first  of  Ankerville,  was  in  the  service  of  Augustus, 
King  of  Poland,  and  being  the  only  person  who  could  bear  more  liquor 
than  his  Majesty,  got  to  be  a  Commissary,  came  away  with  the  plunder  of 
churches  in  the  war  about  the  Crown  of  Poland,  purchased  this  estate  of 
iioo  a  year,  built  and  lived  too  greatly  for  it,  .  .  .  and  died  much 
reduced."      (Pocock's  Tour  through  Scotland,  Letter  xxxiv. ). 

100.  Alexander,  first  of  Easterfearn,  second  son  of  the  above  Robert 
Ross  (94),  had  by two  sons, 

101.  William.      (See  below.) 

119.     Walter    in    Easterfearn,    "  brother-german    to    William"     (Sasine 
12th  January  1625). 

101.  William,  second  of  Easterfearn,  died  9th  April  1625  (Kal.  of  F.), 
having  married  Issobella  Ross  (Sasine  7th  May  1630  on  charter  to  her  as 
"  relict  of  William,"  by  George  Munro  of  Tarlogie,  of  liferent  of  part  of 
Tarlogie).     They  had, 

102.  Hugh.      (See   below.) 

118.     William,     "a     prudent     young     man,     brother-german     to     Hugh 
(Sasine  1st  May  1726). 

102.  Hugh,  third  of  Easterfearn,  "  fear  of  Easterfearn,"  son  of  William 
and  Issobell  (Sasine  12th  January  1625),  "of  Easterfearn"  (Sasine  1st  May 
1626),  married  Isobell,  eldest  daughter  of  Walter  Ross  of  Morangie,  and  had, 

103.  Hugh,  fourth  of  Easterfearn,  "  son  and  heir  of  deceased  Hugh 
Ross  of  Easterfearn"  (Sasine  15th  May  1651)  ;  living  in  1676.  He  married 
,  and  had, 

104.     Thomas,  eldest  son,  d.  s.  p.  and 

26  Rossiana. 

105.  Alexander,  fifth  of  Easterfearn,  heir  of  Thomas,  eldest  son  of  Hugh 
Ross  of  Easterfearn,  his  brother-german  (Rctour,  15th  August  1694),  "of 
Easterfearn"  (Sasine  29th  March  1687).  Charter  to  him  of  the  quarter 
lands  of  Kirkskaith  (Sasine  23d  April  1686).  Commissioner  of  supply 
1685,  1689,  1690  (Acts  of  Parliament).  He  died  before  30th  January  1699, 
having  married  Janet,  daughter  of  Gilbert  Robertson,  second  of  Kindeace 
(Inventory  of  goods  of  deceased  Janet,  24th  January  1700).     They  had, 

106.  William.      (See  below.) 

110.  Alexander  of  Little  Daan,  W.  S.,  Edinburgh,  and  Solicitor  of 
Appeals,  London.  Sasine  26th  March  1736  on  disposition  granted 
by  Robert  Ross  his  brother  of  the  lands  of  Little  Daan.  He 
died   in   Gray's   Inn.   London,   4th    March    1753,   having   married 

,  by  whom  he  had, 

111.     David,   the   famous  tragedian,  born   1st   May  1728.      When 
a  boy  at  Westminster  he  offended  his  father,  who  dis- 
inherited  him,   leaving  him  a   shilling  to  be  paid  yearly 
by  his  sister    (if  he  claimed  it)    on   May   1st,  to  remind 
him  that  he  had  better  not  have  been  born.      He  died 
14th   September    1790.   buried   in    St.   James   Churchyard, 
Piccadilly,    having   married   the   actress    Fanny    Murray, 
who  died  2d  April   1778.      (Notice  of  him,  Scot's  Mag. 
(  1. )     Elizabeth,  married   Hugh  Ross  of  Kerse. 
112.     Robert    (see   post),    heir   of   conquest   to    deceased    Captain    David 
Ross,  his   immediate  younger  brother    (Sasine  4th  March   1736). 
110.     David   of   Little    Daan,   Captain    in    Lord    Strathnaver's    Regiment, 
and   then    factor   to   the    Duke   of   Sutherland.      Died   unmarried 
before    September    1735. 
117.     Walter,  "son   lawful  to  Alexander  Ross  of  Easterfearn"    (Sasine 

26th  August  1687). 
(1.)     Janet,   "spouse"  to   Mr.   Arthur   Sutherland,   minister  at  Edderton 
(Sasine  7th  June   1699),  "relict"    (5th  April  1716).      P. 

106.  William,  fifth  of  Easterfearn,  ''eldest  son  and  heir  of  late  Alex- 
ander" (Sasine  31st  October  1700).  Commissary  clerk  of  Ross  1706.  Com- 
missioner of  supply  1695,  1704  (Acts  of  Parliament).  Principal  Bailie  of 
Tain.       Purchased    Tarlogie    and    Calrossie    from    David    M'Lendris,1    died 

1712,  leaving  his  affairs  in  confusion,  having  married , 

by  whom  he  had, 

107.  Alexander.      (See  below.) 

108.  Edward,  merchant,   Inverness    (Sasine   15th  December   1726). 

109.  Walter,    killed    in    Kintail    2d    October,     1721,    buried    in    Beauly 

Priory.        After      the      rising      in      1715.      commissioners      were 

'David  M'Lendris,  eldest  son  of  Finlay  M'Lendris,  who  died  25th  November  1675, 
by  his  wife  Isobel  Fearn,  only  sister  to  David  Fearn  of  Tarlogie,  who  died  .y.  p.,  was 
retoured  heir  of  line  to  his  uncle.  He  ceded  the  above-named  lands  to  William  Ross, 
17th  August  1704,  and  with  his  consent  gave  a  Sasine  (Partic.  Reg.  Inverness,  vol.  vi.), 
14th  June  1708,  to  David  Ross  of  Inverchasley,  who  eventually  became  owner  of 

Line  of  Tolly  and  Achnacloich.  27 

appointed  to  collect  the  rents  of  the  forfeited  estates.  But  in 
the  vast  territory  of  the  Earl  of  Seaforth  the  government  failed 
in  obtaining  payment,  the  rents  being  regularly  sent  by  a  faithful 
retainer  to  the  Earl  in  Paris.  William  Ross  and  his  brother, 
Bailie  Robert,  aided  by  a  few  soldiers  and  armed  servants, 
rashly  undertook  to  collect  them ;  meeting  the  Kintail  men  in 
force  on  the  heights  of  Strathglass,  Easterfearn,  his  son,  and  a 
son  of  3ailie  Robert's,  were  wounded.  His  son  died  next  day. 
He  gave  up  his  papers,  and  bound  himself  not  to  act  again  on 
the  Seaforth  estates.  (Hist,  of  Tain,  Taylor,  1882.) 
(1.)      Christian,  eldest  daughter. 

(2.)     Isobel,   died  October    1766,   having   married  Thomas    Ross 

of  Calrossie. 
107.  Alexander,  sixth  of  Easterfearn  (Sasine  8th  April  1726).  Com- 
missary clerk  for  Ross.  The  estate  of  Easterfearn  was  sequestered  1735. 
He  married  Sarah  Robertson  (Dornoch  Reg.),  and  left  a  son  John,  living 
1793,  and  a  daughter  Isabella  Mary  Margaret,  baptized  at  Dornoch  4th 
November  1735. 
To  return  to  — 

112.  Robert,  Bailie  of  Tain.  He  married  Janet,  daughter  of  Alexander 
Ross  of  Little  Tarrell,  and  had,  with  others,  two  daughters,  who  were  living 
at  Tain  1745,  and  a  son,  a  silversmith  in  Jamaica, 

113.     William,    who    married    ,    and    had    a    son    Robert. 

Lieutenant-Colonel,    whose    widow    was    living    1803,    and    four 
daughters :    Elizabeth,    married    Carruthers ;    Jane,    mar- 
ried    Miller ;  Jean  and  Charlotte,  unmarried  1793.     Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel   Ross    had    four    daughters :    I.    Maria    Ann,    who 
married,  9th  May  1793,  Major  Joseph  Wade,  E.  I.  C.  S.  and  was 
mother  of  Sir  Claude  Martin  Wade,   C.   B.     2.   Helen,  married 
Denis  O'Callaghan.     3.  Amelia,  married  John  Hilton,  E.  I,  C.  S. 
4.   Charlotte,   unmarried   1803. 
114:.     David,   in  E.   I.   C.   M.  S.,  mate  in  the  Dorrington    1745,  married 
in    London, —  April    1746,    Susan    Hume,    niece    of    Mr.    Hume, 
M.   P.  and  E.  I.   Director. 
115.     WTalter,  died  unmarried  on  board  the  ship  Calmar,  circa  1743. 
(1.)     Jannet,  widow,   1745,  of  John  M'Kenzie,  "ship-master,  Cromarty" 
(Sasine   1736). 


130.  Hugh  Ross,  first  of  Tolly,  younger  son  of  Sir  David  Ross,  Knight, 
seventh  of  Balnagown,  laird  of  Achnacloich  1538,  received  these  lands  from 
James  v.  for  an  annual  payment  of  £12.  The  name  of  his  first  wife  is 
unknown ;  he  married,  secondly,  as  third  husband,  Barbara,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Tullock,  and  had  by  her  an  only  surviving  son,  Robert.  (Retonr 
of  her  in  her  tierce,  Sheriff  Court  Books,  Inverness,  19th  October  1575.) 
By  her  first  husband,  Alexander  Kinnaird  of  Culbin,  she  had  a  daughter, 
Issobel,  who  married  Thomas  Ross,  commendator  of  Feme.  "Ane  honorabil 
man,"  who  died  13th  January,  1574   (Kal.  of  F.),  and  had,  with  a  daughter, 

28  Rossiana. 

Janet,  married  in  1594,  as  first  wife,  to  Walter  Ross,  first  of  Morangie,  cora- 
mendator  of  Feme,  a   son, 

131.  Hugh,  second  of  Tolly,  Sheriff  Depute  of  Inverness  (Sasine  18th 
October  1617),  "  vir  vera  pietatis  imagine,"  died  10th  September  1621,  buried 
at  Feme,  having  married  Isabel,  third  daughter  of  George  Munro,  fourth 
of  Miltoun.  She  died  24th  December  1594,  also  buried  at  Feme.  He  mar- 
ried, secondly,  Euphemia  Munro,  living  1607.     He  had, 

(1.)     Hugh.      (See  below.) 
(2.)     George,  to  whom  his  father  granted  a  charter  of  donation  of  the 
lands  of  Pitkerie.     He  was  also  portioner  of  Inverchasley.     (See 
first  family  so   styled.)      He   disponed    Pitkerie   to   the   sons   of 
Ross  of  Little  Tarrell ;   it  finally  passed  into  the  hands  of  one 
son,   who   thus   became   "  of    Pitkerie."      He   married    Margaret, 
daughter  of  William  Ross  of  Priesthill.     (See  Priesthill.) 
(1.)     Hugh,1   designed   of   Breakauche,   "apparent   of  Tollie,"   24th   April 
1592,   complaint   against   him   for   seizing  a  certain  John   Ross,  and   carrying 
him  prisoner  to  Balnagown   (Reg,  Priv.  Conn.).     He  died  in  his  apparency, 
circa   1610,   having  married    Margaret,   daughter  of  John   Gordon  of  Embo, 
by  whom  he  had, 

132.  Hugh.      (See  below.) 
(1.)     Eleanor. 

132.  Hugh,  third  of  Tolly,  "  heir  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Achnacloich,  his 
father,"  1st  October  1622  (/»<7.  Gen.).  Heir  male  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Tollie, 
his  grandfather,  in  the  lands  of  Tollie.  (Same  date.  Ret  ours  Inq.  spec. 
Ross  et  Cromarty.)  David  Ross,  eleventh  of  Balnagown,  granted  to  him, 
designed  of  Achnacloich,  and  to  Hugh,  his  eldest  son,  the  office  of  Forestry  of 
the  Forest  of  Friwater,  and  to  him  designed  of  Tollie,  and  to  Hugh,  his  eldest 
son,  the  office  of  Bailiary  of  the  lands  and  barony  of  Strathockell  (Charters 
dated  27th  February  1637,  Sasines  22d  October  1640).  Also  on  the  same 
day  a  letter  of  Forestry  for  19  years,  granting  them  free  water,  wood, 
timber,  hart,  hynd,  doe  *  *  *  in  the  barony  of  Balnagown  (Gen.  Reg. 
Deeds  Ed.,  vol.  532,  8th  February  1640,  "  Hugh  of  Tollie,"  etc.,  top  of  p.  62). 
"  Hugh  of  Tollie,  wt  twa  of  his  servandis,  died  suddenlie  in  the  Castell  of 
Cromartie,"  buried  at  Feme  2d  February  1643,  having  married  Agnes, 
daughter  of  John  M'Kenzie,  first  of  Inverlael,  sub-dean  of  Ross.     They  had, 

133.  Hugh.     Died  young. 

135.  John.  (See  below  134«);  "son  to  Hugh,  late  of  Tollie"  (Sasine 
16th  Xovember  1652).  Disposition  to  him  of  the  chaplainry  of 
Alnes  by  Alexander  Louis,  merchant  of  Edinburgh  (Gen.  Reg. 
Deeds  Ed.  vol.  532).  George,  younger  brother  of  John,  was 
living  1663. 

(1.)  Margaret  (Sasine  30th  May,  1649),  married  Walter  Ross  of  Bella- 
muckie.      P. 

JI  have  to  thank  Miss  Gilchrist  for  her  kindness  in  giving  me  much  valuable 
information,  and  especially  for  having  pointed  out  the  omission  of  Hugh  Ross  of 
Breakauche   from   the  notes   on  Achnacloich,   as   previously   printed.  F.    N.    R. 

In  153S  James  V.  granted  to  Hugh  Ross  for  five  years,  three  marklands  of 
"  Brckauche,"   and  five  marklands  of  "Auchneclaych." — (Reg.   See.   Sig.,   vol.   xi,   fol.   93.) 

Branch  of  Priest  hill.  29 

134a.  John,  fourth  "of  Achnacloich "  (Sasine  22d  October  1686),  son 
and  heir  to  deceased  Hugh  Ross  of  Tollie  (Sasine  15th  August,  1671)  ;  the 
disposition  made  to  him  10th  September  1641,  of  the  chaplainry  of  Alnes 
and  its  revenues  was  made  "  with  the  consent  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Tollie  (his 
father),  for  himself,  and  the  heirs  of  the  late  Hugh  of  Tollie,  his  father,  and 
of  the  deceased  Hugh  of  Tollie,  his  guidsir."  He  died  before  1687,  having 
married  Margaret,  daughter  of  Colin  M'Kenzie,  first  of  Kincraig,  and  widow 
of  Gilbert  Robertson,  second  of  Kindeace,  and  had, 

134b.  John,  fifth  of  Achnacloich,  commissioner  of  supply  Ross  1690,  and 
1704  (Acts  of  Parliament),  Sheriff-deputy  of  Ross  5th  July  1700,  M.  P.  for 

Tain.      Born   ,    1660,    marriage-contract    dated   1687;    he    died 

1716.     He  married  Margaret  Barbour,  heir  of  line  to  James  Barbour, 

merchant,  Inverness,  her  brother  (Inq.  gen.,  10th  May  1700,  I.  236).  They 
had,  with  two  daughters,  Janet  and  Jean,  the  latter  married  to  Arthur  Ross 
of  Priesthill, 

134c.     Hugh.      (See  below.) 
134c     Robert.      (See  post.) 
(1.)     Christian,  "eldest  daughter  of  deceased  John."     Sasine  on  mar- 
riage-contract 25th  November  1737,  dated  19th  April  1715.     She 
died    1st  January   1770,   having  married   Mr.   Hugh   Munro   of 
Kiltearn,  minister  of  Tain.     He  died  16th  May  1744.   P.    (Regs, 
of  Tain.) 
134c.     Hugh,  sixth  of  Achnacloich   (Sasine  2d  July,  1717),  on  disposition 
by  John  Ross  of  Achnacloich  in  favour  of  Hugh  of  Tolly,  his  eldest  son, 
of  the  lands  of  Tolly  and  others  in  the  parish  of  Rosskeen.      In    1715   he 
headed  the   men   of  Tain  on   the  Hanoverian   side.     Killed   in   a   duel   with 
Bailie  Hugh  Ross,  afterwards  of  Kerse,  13th  June  1721.     He  married  Jannet, 
sister  to  Sir  William  Gordon  of  Invergordon,  Bart.   (Sasine  2d  July,  1717), 
:and  left, 

134d.     John,  seventh  of  Achnacloich   (Sasine  29th  May  1721).     He  died 

unmarried,   1727 

(1.)  Isobel,  married,  before  1727,  first  David  Ross  of  Invercharron, 
who  died  1758,  secondly  Robert  Munro  in  Invercharron. 
134c.  Robert,  eighth  of  Achnacloich,  succeeded  his  nephew  John,  died 
before  October  1739,  having  married  (Sasine  on  marriage-contract  19th 
March  1747),  Katherine,  daughter  of  John  M'Kenzie,  second  of  Highfield, 
and  had,  with  an  only  daughter  Margaret,  who  married,  7th  December  1770, 
John   Gilchrist,   a   son, 

134f.  John,  ninth  of  Achnacloich,  captain  in  the  army,  August  1784. 
Sasine  7th  October  1759,  on  precept  of  Chancery  to  John  Ross,  now  of  Achna- 
cloich, eldest  son  and  heir  of  deceased  Robert,  of  the  lands  of  Wester 
■Cadboll,  now  called  Ballintore. 


136«.  Mr.  Donald  Ross,  first  of  Priesthill,  Dean  of  Caithness,  second 
;son  of  John  Ross,  fifth  of  Balnagown,  died  7th  October  1487  (Kal.  of  F.). 
JFrom  him  descended, 

30  Rossiana. 

136b.  Donald  of  Priesthill,  who  died  9th  June  1571  (Kal.  of  F.),  being 
probably  father  of, 

136c.     William  of  Priesthill.     Caution  for  him  28th  June  1588  (Reg.  Priv. 
Coun.).     Sasine  on  charter  30th  June  1606  by  William  Ross  ''of  Priesthill, 
Donald  apparent  of   P.   wit."      He  is   said  to   have   married   Ada,   daughter 
of  William  Ross,  third  of  Invercharron,  leaving,  with  a  natural  son  John 
(Reg.  Priv.  Coun.  25th  July  i59ol)> 
136tf.     Donald.      (See  below.) 
136f.     Hugh.     Charter  of  concess.  to  him  as  second  son  of  William  of 
Priesthill    of    the    lands    of    Easterfearn,    9th    December    1617 
(Great  Seal). 
136{7.     William    (Sasine    15th   October    1639),   "son  to   deceased  William 
Ross  of  Priesthill."      In   1649  obtained  reversion  of  the  church 
lands  of  Ulladail. 
(1.)     Margaret    (Sasine  on  charter  21st  May  1607),  "about  to  marry" 

George  Ross  of  Pitkery. 
(2.)     Isobel,  married,  as  second  wife,  Alexander  Ross,  second  of  Inver- 
charron, who  died  1619.     She  married,  secondly,  Alexander,  son 
of  Thomas  Ross  of  Tuttintarroch  (Sasine  30th  July  1632). 
136<7.     Donald    of    Priesthill,    "deceased"    (Sasine    8th    December    1636), 

having  married ,  and  leaving, 

136c.  Thomas,  commissioner  of  loan  and  tax  Inverness  and  Cromarty 
1643.  Cited  for  refusing  to  keep  the  peace  1649  (Acts  of  Parliament).  He 
died  31st  January  1650  (Reg.  Acts  and  Decreets,  Edin.,  vol.  567,  fol.  341), 
having  married  Janet,  eldest  daughter  of  Walter  Ross  of  Invercharron, 
"  his  spouse,"  22d  April  1641.  She  married  secondly,  as  second  wife,  Ken- 
neth  M'Kenzie   of   Scatwell,   "  his   relict,"    1664. 

The  daughters  of  136</,  Donald  of  Priesthill,  were  — 
(1.)     Margaret,  married  John  Fraser  in  Kinkell. 
(2.)     Issobell,  married  Alexander  Cattanach  in  Delnies. 
(3.)     Helline,   unmarried   1652. 
(4.)     Katherine,  married  William  Innes. 
(5.)     Barbara,  married  Donald  Ross  in  Hiltoun  (Dingwall). 
The   above   ladies,   on   the   death   of   their   brother   Thomas,   became   heirs 
of  line,  "  Hugh  Ross  in  Easterfearn  and  William  Ross  in  Ardmore  heirs  of 
taillie,"  to  him.     At  the  instance  of  Mr.  William  Ross  of  Shandwick,  who 
had  become  surety  for  his  deceased  cousin  of  Priesthill.  the  davoch  lands  of 
Invercharron  and  others  were  appryzed  from  the  said  heirs  in  payment  to 
him  of  4500  marks.      Sasine  30th  December    1652  on  charter    (Great  Seal) 
in  his  favour.     He  obtained  a  further  decreet  against  the  heirs  10th  July  1655. 

1  Colin  M'Kenzie  of  Kintail  became  caution  in  £2000  for  William  Ross  of  Priesthill, 
that  when  released  from  the  Tolbooth  he  should  remain  in  Edinburgh  till  he  find  security 
for  the  entry  of  himself  and  of  John  Ross  his  bastard  son  before  the  Justice  Treasurer  for 
crimes  specified  in  the  letters  raised  against  him  by  David  Munro  of  Nig.  .  .  .  On  5th 
August,  Walter  Rollok  of  Pitmedie  became  caution  for  David  of  Nig  that  he  will  not 
harm   William   Ross,   who   was   released  15th   August. 

Line  of  Shandzvick. 



141.  William  Ross  of  Little  Allan,  third  son  of  Hugh  Ross  (11),  fourth  of 
Balnagown,  was  Sub-dean  of  Ross  and  Parson  of  Rosskeen.  These  ecclesiast- 
ical charges  he  resigned  in  favour  of  his  youngest  brother  Mr.  Thomas  (206) , 
on  what  understanding  with  his  bishop  does  not  appear.  Angus  Mackay 
having  been  slain  at  Tarbat  by  the  Rosses,  his  son  induced  the  Sutherlands 
to  assist  him  in  invading  Strathoickell  and  Strathcarron.  The  Rosses  met 
the  Sutherlands  and  Mackays  at  Allt  Charrais,  where  William  of  Little 
Allan  fell  with  his  chief  and  many  of  his  clan,  nth  June  i486  (Kal.  of  F.). 
By  Grizel  M'Donald,  called  niece  of  the  Lord  of  the  Isles,  he  had  two  sons, 

142.  Alexander    of   Little    Allan,    who 

married  ,    and    died   , 

.?.  p.  m.  and, 

143.  Walter,  first  of  Shandwick.  who 
died  10th  June,  1531,  being  buried  in  an 
aisle  at  Feme  Abbey,  built  at  his  ex- 
pense. He  had  a  wadset  from  the  King 
of  the  lands  of  Meikle  Allan,  and  also  of 
the  town  and  chaplainry  of  Dunskaith. 
He  married  many  wives,  Janet  Tulloch, 
Agnes  M'Culloch,  Elizabeth  Hay,  Chris- 
tian Chisholm,  Janet  Munro.  Janet  Tul- 
loch is  said  to  have  been  mother  of  the 
following  four  sons, 

Donald.      (See   below.) 
William      of      Culnahall,      who 
married      Margaret      Muirsone, 
"  wife     of     William     Ross     of 
Culnyhay."        She      died      nth 
March   1555.      (Kal.   of  F.). 
Hugh      of      Balmachy.        (See 
Nicholas  of  Balon. 



Arms    of    Ross    of    Shandwick. 


144.     Donald. 

Arms  —  Argent,     three     lions     rampant 

gules,      langued      and      armed      sable. 

Crest  —  A     de'mi-lion     rampant    gules, 

sprnnrl      nf        langued     and     armed     sable.     Motto  — 

or      uavid,     second     ol      Nobilis  est  ira  leonis. 

Shandwick,     married     first     Janet     Simp- 
son,  secondly,  ,  daughter  of  Clunes,   who  is  said 

to  have  been  mother  of, 

145.    Andrew.     (See  below.) 

151.    Mr.  Robert.     (See  post.) 
145.    Andrew,  third  of  Shandwick,  died  6th  August  1641,  having  married, 

first, .  daughter  of Voss  of  Lochslin,  and  secondly, 

Beatrix  Ross,  "  relict  of  John  Munro  of  Meikell  Davauch,  and  now 
spouse"  (charter  dated  13th  August  1603,  Sasine  24th  July  1607).  On  nth 
July  1624  a  charter  was  granted  by  Patrick,  bishop  of  Ross,  to  Andrew 
Ross  of  Shandwick  and  Donald  his  eldest  son.  of  the  lands  of  Shandwick. 
Sasine  thereon  nth  July  1624,  Witnesses,  Mr.  David  Ross,  minister  of  Logie, 
Mr.  William  Ross,  minister  of  Kincardine,  Mr.  Robert  Ross,  minister  of 
Alnes,  and  others.     By  his  first  wife  he  had, 

32  Rossiana. 

146.  Donald.      (See  below.) 

150.    William,     "son    of    late    Andrew    of    Shandwick "     (Sasine     ist 

December   1641). 

146.     Donald,  fourth   of   Shandwick,   "  eldest    son   of   deceased   Andrew," 

7th  April  1642,  sold  the  estate  of  Shandwick  to  his  cousin  Mr.  William  Ross. 

He  became  of  Meikle  Ranyes,1  having  obtained  from  Gilbert  Paip  a  charter 

■of  half  the  davoch  lands.     By  his  first  wife,  Christian  Urquhart,  he  had, 

147.  Walter,  "in  little  Ranyes"  (Sasine  14th  November  1639).     "Eldest 

son"   (Sasine  16th  February  1653). 
He  married,    secondly.    Christian   Corbat,    "his   spouse"    (Sasine   2d   May 
1654),  and  had, 

148.  James,  "  eldest  son."  1654,  01  Maikle  Ranyes,  1660  and  1687,  heir  of 

late     Donald      (Sasine     16th     February     1672).       He     married 

,  and  had  a  son, 

149.     John,  "son  of  deceased  James"    (Sasine   10th   March,   1701). 

151.  Mr.  Robert,  "  of  Keandloch,"  second  son  of  Donald  Ross,  second 
of  Shandwick,  minister  of  Alness  1583,  built  the  manse  and  west  end  of  the 
church,  and  was  living  in  1630.    He  married ,  and  had, 

152.    Mr.  William.     (See  below.) 

178.  John,  "  brother-german  of  Mr.  William  Ross  of  Shandwick  "  (wit- 

ness. Sasine  13th  February  1649). 

179.  Mr.  Thomas,   "a   singularly  pious   man,"   minister   at   Kincardine, 

"son  of  Mr.  Robert"  (Sasine  22d  June  1626).  Laureated  at 
Aberdeen  1634,  transferred  from  Alness  to  Kincardine  1655, 
deprived  by  Privy  Council  ist  October  1662,  accused  of  keeping 
conventicles,  imprisoned,  first  at  Nairn,  1675,  then  at  Tain,  liber- 
ated October   1677,  and  died  at  his  house  in  Tain  13th  January 

1679,    having    married    ,    by    whom    he    had    a 

daughter.     (Fast.  Ecc.  Scot.) 

180.  Mr.   Andrew,  minister  at   Corton,   "son  of  Mr.   Robert"    (Sasine 

9th  July.  1625). 

181.  Mr.  David,  minister  at  Logie.     (See  post.) 

(1.)     Esther,    married,    as    second    wife,    Hugh,    fourth    son    of    Hector 
Munro,  first  of  Fyrish. 

152.  Mr.  William  became  fifth  of  Shandwick,  having,  in  1626,  purchased 
the  property  from  his  cousin.  Donald  Ross,  who  by  charter  infefted  him ; 
he  also  purchased  Balon.  Having  imprudently  become  cautioner  for  his 
relative,  Thomas  Ross  of  Priesthill,  he  became  involved  in  numerous  law- 
suits which  eventually  ruined  his  family.  Son  and  heir  of  Mr.  Robert  Ross 
in  the  town  and  lands  of  Keandloch,  16th  August  1653  (Inq.  Spec.  Ross,  etc.). 
Minister  of  Kincardine  circa  1624-30,  at  Nigg  1634,  and  for  a  time  at  Fearn. 

'Grant  of  lands  by  Thomas  Ross,  Commendator  of  Feme,  to  Donald  Ross  in  Little 
Rany  and  his  heirs,  confirmed  by  King  James  VI;  15S7.  Donald  Ross  in  Mekell  Ram- 
died  30th  May  1593,  buried  at  Feme.  David  Ross,  of  Little  Rany,  Grissell  Dunbar, 
"  his  relict,"  1596  (Reg.  Priv.  Coun.).  Robert  Ross  in  Little  Rany,  20th  June  1598 
(Reg.  Priv.  Coun.).  David  Ross  in  Rainie,  14th  November  1639.  John  Ross  in  Mikle 
Ranie,  9th  December  1651.  Donald,  son  of  Hugh  Ross,  in  Mikle  Ranie,  17th  March 
1653.  Robert  Ross  in  Meikle  Rainy,  15th  March  1695.  James  Ross  in  Little  Rainy, 
18th  August   1708.     William    Ross   in    Meikle   Rainy,   20th    September   1714. 

Line  of  Shandwick.  33 

Born 1593.  he  died  at  Shandwick,  parish  of  Fearn,  20th  April  1663, 

having  married,  first,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William  Campbell  of  Delnies, 
near  Nairn,  by  whom  he  had, 

153.  David.     Sasine  on  charter  to  him  by   Donald   Ross   of   Balon  or 

Bellone  and  his  wife  of  the  town  and  lands,  13th  February  1649. 
Murdered  in  the  wood  of  Invereshie  in  165 1  on  his  way  to  Stir- 
ling, where  all  the  heritors  of  Scotland  were  summoned  to  assist 
Charles  II.  in  an  invasion  of  England.1 

154.  Andrew.     (See  belozv.) 

177.     Alexander,  "  brother-german  to  Andrew"  (Sasine  2d  April  1672). 
(1.)     Katherine,    married    James    Fraser    of    Pitkellyan,    "his    spouse" 
(Sasine  14th  June  1683).     They  had  three  sons,  William,  Alex- 
ander,   George. 
Mr.    William    Ross    married,    secondly    (contract    dated    nth    November 
1639),  Isobel,  daughter  of  Hector  Douglas  of  Mulderg.     She  married,  sec- 
ondly, Andrew  Fearn,  portioner  of  Pitkellyan.    Life  rent  to  her  of  Shandwick 
16th  February  1653.     By  her  first  husband  she  had  three  daughters,  who  had 
each  3,000  marks  of  tocher, 

(1.)     Janet    (contract    dated    7th    November    1666,    signed    at    Tain    and 

Priesthill),  married  David  Ross,  Dean  of  Guild  and  merchant  in 

Tain,  second  son  of  Bailie  Alexander.     He  died  before  1689. 

(2.)     Isobel,  died  before  1780,  having  married  in  1680  Alexander  Munro, 

fifth  of  Teannaird,  by  whom  she  had  an  only  daughter.  Christian, 

married  John  Munro  of  Ketwall. 

(3.)     Elizabeth,    "  one   of   the    three    heirs    portioners    of   Mr.    William " 

(contract  dated  8th  December  1680),  married  William  Ross  in 

Shandwick,    who    died    before    1695,    and    she    before    September 

1708,  leaving ,  her  son,  a  minGr  and  pupil  of 

Ross  of  Aldie. 
154.     Andrew,  sixth  of  Shandwick,  "apparent  of"  (Sasine  22d  September 

1651).    He  died  October  1675,  having  married,  first,  Isobell,  daughter 

of  William  Ross,  fifth  of  Invercharron  (contract  dated  13th  April  1660). 
Sasine  6th  June  1660,  on  charter  by  William  Ross  of  Shandwick  to  Isobell, 
daughter  of  William  Ross  of  Invercharron,  future  spouse  to  Andrew,  his 
apparent  heir  in  the  lands  of  Bellone  and  part  of  Pitmaduthie.     They  had, 

155.  Andrew.     (See  belozv.) 
175.    Hugh,  died  before  1680. 

(1.)     Elizabeth,  married   P.  Aikman.     They  had  a  daughter,   Elizabeth, 
married   Malcolm   Macgregor  of   Marchfield,   by  whom   she  had 

1"Yr  was  a  charge  to  all  heritours,  lyfe-renters,  etc.,  to  nich  night  and  day  to 
Stirlin  to  King  Charles  ye  2ds  camp,  under  ye  payne  of  lyfe  and  fortoune,  and  David 
his  son  being  but  lately  com  from  Edrh,  has  fayr  and  relaons  could  not  get  him 
persuaded  to  stay  at  home,  but  goe  with  ye  rest  of  the  heritours  (tho  their  was  a 
pretty  man  with  horse  and  armes  weill  mounted  ready  to  go  for  him),  and  all  ye 
heritours  and  gentlemen  taking  their  journey  the  hiland  way,  Pitcalny,  being  a 
corporate  heavie  man,  changed  horse  with  ye  sd  young  Sandwick,  and  going  through 
the  wood  of  Invershie  with  a  mystic  rainie  day,  falling  a  little  behind  to  help  the 
horse  graith,  murtherers  fell  on  him  and  murdered  him  and  killed  the  baggage  men 
and  cast  them   in  the  Loch   near   by." — MS.   Account. 

34  Rossiana. 

two   sons,    Gregor    Drummond   or    Macgregor,    Adjutant    to   the 
Middlesex  Militia   1766,  and  John,  youngest  son. 
Andrew    married,    secondly    (contract    dated    15th    August    1671),    Lillias, 
eldest   daughter   of  John   Dallas,    Dean   of   Ross,   and   widow   of   Alexander 
Urquhart  of  Craighall ;  in  virtue  of  her  marriage  contract  she  gained  posses- 
sion of  Shandwick.     She  had  by  her  second  husband, 

176.    William.  "  fear  of  Drumgelly,"  son  to  deceased  Andrew  of  Shand- 
wick   (Sasine    13th    August    1691).      Born   before    1673,    he   died 

October   1693,  having  disponed  Drumgelly  to  his  uterine 

brother,   Urquhart  or   Craigton. 
(1.)     Mary,  only  daughter  of  the  second  marriage,  married,  first,   Wil- 
liam  Mackintosh  of  Baluespick,   P. ;   secondly,  David  Ross,  first 
of  Inverchasley,  P.,  as  his  second  wife. 
155.     Andrew,  seventh  of  Shandwick,  "  son  and  heir  of  deceased  Andrew  " 
(Sasine  19th  May  1689).     His  property  having  passed  to  his  stepmother,  he 
was  able  to  retain  only  the  small  estate  of  Midfearn.     David  Ross,  first  of 
Inverchasley,  having  bought  up  the  claims  against  Drumgelly,  and  those  of 
the  heirs  of  the  second  marriage  of  Mr.  William  Ross   (152)  against  Shand- 
wick, these  properties  terminated  with  him  in  1708.     He  died  October 

1733,   having  married   Christian,   daughter   of   William   Ross   of  Gladfield   or 
Ardgay,  by  whom  he  had  a  very  numerous  family. 

156.  William,  who  still  styled  himself  of  Shandwick,  a  Writer  of  Edin- 

burgh, where  he  was  trying  to  retrieve  the  fallen  fortunes  of  his 
family.  He  purchased  the  estates  of  Kerse  and  Skeldon  in 
Ayrshire  in  1728  (Sasine  17th  July),  half  of  the  davoch  lands  of 
Drumgelly,  and  in  1732  John  Cruickshank,  merchant,  London, 
disponed   to    him   the    town    and    lands    of    Balblair    (Sasine   3d 

October).     Born  1694,  he  was  drowned  April 

!739.  between  Peterhead  and  Orkney,  unmarried.  The  lands  of 
Kerse  were  finally  ceded  to  William  Ross  by  disposition  dated 
at  Melsetter,  30th  September,  1737,  from  Christina  Craufurd  of 
Kerse,  relict  of  Captain  James  Moodie  of  Melsetter.  She  had 
also  made  a  disposition  to  him,  dated  at  Melsetter,  8th  September, 
T-733,  of  the  lands  of  Nether  Skeldon  for  18,000  marks.  Wit- 
nesses, Hugh  Ross,  governor  to  Benjamin  Moodie  of  Melsetter, 
and  David  Ross,  writer  of  the  deed  (both  registered  3d  Novem- 
ber,  1737,  M'Kcnzie  Office,  vol.   161). 

157.  Hugh,  Bailie  of  Tain.     He  had  the  misfortune  to  kill  in  a  duel  at 

Tain,  13th  June  1721,  Hugh  Ross,  sixth  of  Achnacloich.  He 
retired  to  Gottenburg  in  Sweden,  where  he  became  a  merchant, 
and  afterwards  at  St.  Mary  Axe  in  London.  On  his  brother's 
death  he  succeeded  to  Kerse  and  Skeldon  and  some  other  prop- 
ties  in  Rossshire.     Born  1695,  and  dying  13th  April 

1775,  he  was  buried  under  the  altar  in  the  church  of  St.  Andrew 
Undershaft.  London,  having  married  in  Gray's  Inn  Chapel,  24th 
August  1749,  Elizabeth,  only  daughter  of  Alexander  Ross  of 
Little  Daan    (which  property  she  inherited),  W.  S.,  Edinburgh, 

Line  of  Shandwick.  35 

and  Solicitor  of  Appeals,  London.     She  was  buried  by  her  hus- 
band 30th  July  1793.     They  had  three  sons, 

[158.]  Hugh,  third  of  Kerse  and  Skeldon  who  died  20th  Janu- 
ary 1818,  aet.  66,  buried  in  the  Greyfriars,  Edinburgh, 
having  married  Janet  Campbell,  who  died  14th  Novem- 
ber 1823,  having  had,  with  three  daughters  who  died 
unmarried  (of  whom  the  second,  Jane  Campbell,  died 
2d  July  1859,  the  third,  Elizabeth  Anne,  died  23d  March 
1855,  aet.  47,  both  being  buried  in  the  Greyfriars),  three 
sons,  of  whom  the  eldest, 

(159.)  William  of  Skeldon,  Berbice,  British  Guiana, 
born  about  1788,  died  at  Berbice  19th  Febru- 
ary 1840,  having  married  Helen  Gordon,  sister 
to  Colonel  Gordon  (she  married,  secondly, 
Captain  Charles  Metcalfe,  Royal  Navy), 
by  whom,  with  two  other  sons  and  two 
daughters,  he  had, 

(160.)   William    Munro    (born    29th    October, 
1832),    merchant     in    London,     who 
married,   5th    September,    1857,   Miss 
A.  F.  Hill;  she  died  his  widow,  28th 
September,     1890.      John     Cameron, 
brother   of  the   above   William,    was 
born  25th  May,  1835 
(161.)   Hugh,    second    son,    Lieutenant-Colonel    E.    I. 
C.  S.,  died  at  Cawnpore  1838,  hav- 
ing   married    Eliza,    daughter    of 

Major   Watson,   by   whom  he  had   four   sons 
and  two  daughters,  of  whom, 

.     Hugh,  eldest  son,  died  unmarried. 

.     Campbell    Claye    Grant,    second    son,    a 

distinguished  officer,  created  K.  C.  B. 
1880,    Major-General    1881.      Born   in 

India 1824,  married 

1856,    Matilda,    daughter    of    M.    E. 
Elderton.     P. 
(162.)   George,  third  son. 
[163.]     Alexander,  second   son  of  Bailie  Hugh,  died  an  infant 

[164.]  Andrew  William,  third  son,  a  merchant,  died  unmarried, 
buried  in  St.  Andrew  Undershaft. 
165.  Andrew,  third  son  of  Shandwick,  Bailie  of  Tain  and  Dean  of 
Guild  1726,  was  drowned  in  crossing  a  stream  in  India  1739. 
He  married  (contract  dated  6th  November,  1724)  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Colin  Campbell  of  Delnies,  near  Nairn.  She  mar- 
ried, secondly,  1742,  Hugh  Ross,  merchant,  Tain,  and  died  his 
widow  about  1775.     By  her  first  husband  she  had 

36  Rossi  on  a. 

[166.]  Andrew,  Captain  E.  I.  C.  M.,  commanded  the  Prince 
George  and  Ankerwyke.  Born  21st  May,  1728,  dying 
21st  April,  1793,  s.  p.,  was  buried  at  Buntingford, 
Herts,  having  married,  about  1768,  Miss  Fanny  Webbe, 
who  died  18th  August.  1840. 
[167.]  William,  died  unmarried  before  1765. 
[168.]     Hugh,  died  young,  before  1749. 

(1.)     Mary,  baptized  at  Tain,   19th  September,   1725,  she  died 

there    20th    September,    1808,    having    married    , 

1748,  John  Reid,  Bailie  of  Tain,  who  died  4th  January, 
1779.  P.  On  the  death  of  Christina  Ross  of  Shand- 
wick  the  representative  of  Mary  Ross  or  Reid  became 
one  of  the  two  heir-portioners  of  Shandwick.1 
(2.)  Christian,  baptized  at  Tain,  30th  October,  1726,  died  un- 
married    February,   1791. 

(3.)     Katherine,   born   circa    1730-31,   died   at   Tain    12th  June, 

1793,  buried  at  Ferae,  having  married,  November, 

1751,  David  M'Lendris  or  M'Gilendris,  who  assumed 
the  name  of  Ross ;  he  was  commissary-clerk  of  Ross, 
sheriff-substitute.     They  had, 

Li.]     David,   Lieutenant    1st   Regiment   of   Foot,   under 
General    Burgoyne    in    America,    Captain    98th 
Regiment.      Registered    Arms    5th     December, 
1795. 2       Purchased     the     estate     of     Milncraig. 
Born  25th  September,   1755,  died  at  Tain  25th 
December,  1799.  having  married,  16th  July,  1798, 
Anne,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander  Purves, 
Baronet.     She  died  8th  August.  1844,  buried  at 
Brompton  Cemetery.     They  had, 
(1.)     David,   an  advocate,  born  4th   May,    1799, 
baptized    at    Tain,    died    unmarried    1st 
June.   1848. 
(2.)     Katherine.     born     16th     September,     1800. 
died  at  Shandwick.  9th  December,  1855, 
having    married,    at    New    St.    Pancras 
Church,  London,  22d  March.  1832,  John 
Duncan,    solicitor,    who    died    17th    De- 
cember,    1856.     Her     representative     be- 
came     the      second      heir-portioner     of 
[2.]     Andrew,  born  1757,  died  an  infant. 
[3.]     Hugh.  Lieutenant  8th   Battalion  Native  Infantry, 
Bombay.     Born    17th    November,    1764,   became 

1Mary  Ross  was  living  with  her  mother's  first  cousin,  Anna  Duff,  widow  of  Lachlan 
M'Intosh  Captain  of  Clan  Chattan  (Sasine  4th  June  1T32),  on  the  eve  of  Culloden, 
and   she  fringed  out  the   plaid   the   Prince   wore   at   the   battle. 

3Gu.,  3  Lyons  ramp,  arg.,  and  on  a  chief  or,  3  legs  conjoined  at  the  centre  at  the 
upper  part  of  the  thigh,  and  flexed  in  triangle  azure.  Crest  —  A  Lymphad,  her  oars  in 
action    roper.      Flagged   gules.      Motto —  Pro   Patria. 

Line  of  Shandwick.  $" 

Brigade  Major,  killed  in  action  24th  December, 
1791,  unmarried. 

(1.)     Margaret,    born   ,    November,    1753;    married 

27th  July,  1779,  Alexander,  eldest  son  of  Dr. 
Rose   of   Aberdeen,    Lieutenant   42d    Regiment, 

then  in  H.  E.  I.   C.  S. ;   died  at  Madras,  

May,    1787.     Their  only  surviving  child,  Kath- 

erine,    married   ,    1800,    Dugald    Gilchrist 

of  Ospisdale,  Sutherlandshire ;  their  third 
daughter,  Katherine,  married  George  Ross,  last 
of  Pitcalnie,  and  d.  s.  p. 

(2.)  Mary,  born  June,  1761 ;  died  at  Tain,  un- 
married,   June,  1838. 

(3.)     Katherine,  born  June,   1763,  died  at  Evelix, 

Sutherlandshire,  March,  1843,  having  mar- 
ried, 13th  October,  1783,  William,  second  son 
of  Hugh  Munro  of  Achany,  Sutherlandshire. 
He  died  ,  1825.     P. 

(4.)     Elizabeth,  baptized  at  Tain  16th  December,  1769. 

169.  Alexander,  fourth  son  of  Shandwick,  sometime  merchant  at  Got- 

tenburg,  born  at  Midfearn,  ,  1704;  died  at  Skeldon  House, 

Ayr,  unmarried,  rst  April,  1775. 

170.  David,   fifth  son  of   Shandwick,   Ensign   in  the   Master   of   Ross's 

Independent  Company,  raised  to  suppress  the  rising  of  1745,  was 
a  prisoner  at  Nairn.     Became  tenant  of  Midfearn,  which  belonged 

to  his  eldest  brother  Hugh.     Born ,  1705,  dying  21  May,  1768, 

was  buried  at  Kincardine.     He  married,  first  (contract  dated  23d 
October,   1727),  Esther,  daughter  of  George  Munro  of  Culrain ; 
she  died  in  Orkney,  s.  p.,  1740.     He  married,  secondly,  in  Edin- 
burgh, 29th  July,  1745,  Jean,  daughter  of  George  Law  of  Dud- 
dingstone,  widow  of  David  Byres  of  Elie,  Fife.     She  died   19th 
August,  1776,  leaving, 
[171.]      William,  born  21st  January,   1753.     Fell   in  a   duel  on 
Blackheath,  nth  May,  1790,  unmarried;  buried  in  Feme 
Abbey.     He  went  to   India,   and   returning  with  a   for- 
tune, was  able  to  repurchase  from  David  Ross.   Lord 
Ankerville,   third   of   Inverchasley,    Shandwick,   Culliss, 
Ankerville,  and  other  lands,  which  he  entailed  on  his 
nieces  and  their  heirs,  whom  failing,  on  other  relatives. 
(1.)     Christian,   born   before    1748,   died    nth    December,    1814, 

having  married,  June,  1767,  George,  son  of  Thomas 

Ross  of  Tain,  by  whom  she  had,  with  three  sons  who 
died  young, 

[1.]     Jean.     (See  below.) 

[2.]  Wilhelmina,  born  December,  1774;  died,  un- 
married, 10th  January,  1849,  having,  in  virtue  of 
the  entail,  inherited  Shandwick  on  the  death  of 
her  nephew  Charles. 

38  Rossiana. 

Li.]     Jean,  born  ,   1769;  burnt  to  death  in  Edinburgh,  3d 

February,  1829;  buried  at  St.  Cuthbert's;  married, , 

1786,    John    Cockburn    of    Rowchester,     Berwickshire, 

W.   S.,   who  died  at   Shandwick,  ,   1827 ;   buried  in 

Feme  Abbey.  On  his  wife  inheriting  her  brother's 
property,  he  assumed  the  name  of  Ross  in  addition  to 
his  own.  They  had,  with  several  children  who  did  not 
survive  them, 

(1.)     Charles,    inherited    Shandwick    on    his    mother's 
death,  born  12th  December,  1796;  died  unmar- 
ried, 21st  May,   1839;  buried  at  St.  Cuthbert's, 
(2.)     Christina,    born    circa    1792,    inherited    Shandwick 
on  the  death  of  her  aunt  Wilhelmina,  and  died 
unmarried  16th  May,  1872,  when  the  succession 
opened  to  the  entailer's  heirs  whatsoever.     (See 
"Line  of  Shandwick,"  page  97.) 
172.    George,    sixth    son   of   Shandwick,    merchant   at    Gottenburg,    died 
there   20th   June,    1783,   having   married    Dorothea    Schwitzer,   by 
whom  he  had,  with  four  other  children  who  died  young, 
[173.]     Andrew,  E.  I.  C.  Marine,  commanded  the  ship  Louisa, 

and  was  lost  in  her May,  17S9,  unmarried. 

[174.]     Benjamin,  E.  I.  C.  Military  Service;  died  unmarried  at 

Dinapore.  January,  1790. 

Andrew,  seventh  of  Shandwick.  had  also  with  three  daughters  who   died 

(1.)  Isabella,  married  Robert  M'Culloch,  merchant  in  Tain,  and  had, 
with  other  children.  Andrew,  merchant  in  Gottenburg  and 
(2.)  Margaret,  second  daughter  (contract  dated  29th  March,  1717),  mar- 
ried Bailie  Donald  Ross  of  Tain;  she  died  4th  March.  1753; 
buried  by  her  husband  in  Feme  Abbey.  With  several  children 
who  died  young,  they  left, 

[1.]     Andrew,  merchant  at  Madras,  baptized  at  Tain  23d  January, 
1721  ;     died    in     India,     leaving    a    recognised    daughter, 
Amelia,     who     married     Charles     Runnington,     Sergeant- 
[2.]     Janet,   baptized   at   Tain    14th    May,    1722;    died   unmarried 
circa  1788. 
(3.)     Katherine.  died  before  1768,  having  married  in  St.  Paul's  Cathedral, 
London,  29th  September.  1743,  George,  eldest  son  of  Bailie  Wil- 
liam Ross  of  Tain;  he  died  ,  1788,  leaving  an  only  daughter, 

Elizabeth,  who  married  Captain  John  Sharp,  E.  I.  C.  Marine. 

(4.)     Christina,    died   in   Tain,   March,    1746,    having  married   . 

1730.  John,  eldest  son  of  Duncan  Ross  of  Tain.     They  had, 
[1.]     Duncan,  who  died  young. 

[2.]     Andrew,  in  1757  Ensign  in  Lord  George  Beauclerk's  regi- 
ment of  foot. 

Branch  of  Logic  Easter.  39 


181.  Mr.  David,  younger  son  of  Mr.  Robert  Ross  (151),  A.  M.  Edin- 
burgh, 27th  July  1609,  member  of  Assembly  12th  August  1639,  and  continued 
28th  August  1650  (Fast.  Ecc.  Scot.),  "minister  at  Logie  Easter,  and  brother 
of  Mr.  William  of  Shandwick  "  (Sasine  2d  February  1633).  Obtained  a  char- 
ter from  Mr.  Thomas  Ross  of  Logie  of  the  lands  of  Logie  Easter  (Sasine 
4th  May  1630).  He  married,  first,  Margaret  Morrison,  "his  spouse"  (Sasine 
24th  June  1628),  and  secondly,  Janet  Munro,  relict  of  Alexander  Ross  of 
Pitkerie  (contract  dated  18th  April  1655)  ;  she  is  infeft  in  the  easter  quarter 
of  Newnakil  by  her  son  Hugh  (Sasine  7th  June  1655).  By  his  first  wife 
he  had, 

182.  Mr.  Robert.     (See  below.) 

188.     Andrew,    "son    of    late    Mr.    David"    (Sasine   6th    March    1668), 

"uncle  to  John  Munro"   (Sasine  6th  May  1700), married  

,  and  had, 

[189.]     George,  "his  son,"  1702. 

(1.)  Margaret,  married  John  Munro  of  Logie,  eldest  son  of  John 
Munro,  second  of  Fearn ;  they  had  John  Munro  in  Inverbreakie, 
who  married  Margaret  Ross,  "his  spouse"  (Sasine  6th  May 

(2.)     Ellen,   married   William    Munro    of   Culcraggie.1 

182.  Mr.  Robert,  second  of  Logie  Easter,  in  1665  translated  from  Urqu- 
hart  and  Logie  Wester,  to  Tain,  deposed  by  Presbytery  28th  June  1699, 
"possessed  in  the  ministry  about  thirty  or  forty  years"  (Fasti).  He 
obtained  a  charter  from  his  father  of  the  lands  of  Logie  Easter  (Sasine  5th 
August  1657),  and  from  David  Ross  of  Balnagown  of  the  lands  of  Ballone, 
9th  March  1669.  He  married  Barbara,  daughter  of  Mr.  George  Munro, 
Chancellor  of  Ross,  and  gave  her  a  liferent  of  the  lands  of  Logie  Easter  and 
of  part  of  Drumgellie.     They  had, 

183.  Robert.     (See  below.) 

186.  James,  "lawful  son"    (Sasine  22d  September  1710). 

187.  Alexander,  "third  son,"  merchant,  burgess  of  Tain    (Sasine   16th 

March  1702). 
(1.)     Jean,  married  Walter   Ross,  town  clerk  of  Dornoch  and  provost 

of  Tain  1693. 
(2.)     Hannah,  married    (contract   dated  8th  August   1705,   registered  at 

Tain),  Andrew,  second  son  of  R.  Munro  of  Lemlair  (Sasine  1st 

May  1708). 

183.  Mr.  Robert,  third  of  Logie  Easter,  writer,  Edinburgh,  "  eldest  son  " 
(Sasine  nth  July  1700),  married ,  and  had, 

184.  John,  fourth  of  Logie  Easter,  writer,  Edinburgh,  "  son  and  heir  of 
deceased  Mr.  Robert  of  Logie  Easter"  (Sasine  30th  August  1722),  ana 
grandson  to  deceased  Mr.  Robert.  He  married  Elizabeth  Fleming,  "  relict," 
4th  June  1738,  and  had,  with  a  daughter  Jean, 

185.  Robert,  fifth  of  Logie  Easter,  nearest  heir  to  deceased  Mr.  Robert, 
his  grandfather,  and  eldest  son  to  deceased  John  Ross,  writer  (Sasine  17th 
July  1728). 

1To  the  kindness  of  Mr.  Alexander  Ross  of  Alness  I  am  greatly  indebted  for  various 
Munro    marriages,    and    for    other    information.  F.    N.    R. 

40  Rossiana. 


(The  Read  Rosses.) 

191.  Hugh,  first  of  Balmachy,  or  Ballamuckie,  a  younger  son  of  Walter 
Ross,  first  of  Shandwick,  was  father  of, 

192.  Donald.     (See  below.) 

201.  Alexander,  "son  of  Hugh,"  died  at  Balmachy  i8th  October,  1571 

(Kal.  of  F.). 

192.  Donald,  second  of  Balmachy.  Charter  of  concession  to  Donald,  son 
of  Hugh,  10th  May,  1587  (Great  Seal),  James  VI.  confirms  grant  made  by 
Thomas  Ross,  Commendator  of  Feme,  to  him  of  the  lands  of  Ballamuckie 
resigned  by  Alexander  Ross  of  Balnagown  "Deceased"  (Sasine  30th  June, 
1606).  He  died  10th  July,  1603  (Kal.  of  Feme),  his  relict  being  Margaret 
Innes,  mother  of  James  and  John,  who,  in  1612,  is  styled  "  in  Gany."     He  had, 

193.  Walter.     (See  belozv.) 

202.  Donald,  "brother  of  Walter,"  17th  May,  1593.     (Great  Seal.) 
202o.    Thomas,   son   of  late  Donald   Ross   of   Ballamuckie   (Sasine   31st 

August,  1618). 

203.  James,  "lawful  son"  of  deceased  Donald   (Sasine  1606). 
(1.)     Agnes,  married  Walter  Ross  of  Fychie. 

(2.)     Mary,  married  Andrew  Munro,  third  of  Allan. 

193.  Walter,  third  of  Balmachy,  "  apparent  of,  cautioner  for  Walter  Ross 
of  Morangie,"  2d  September,  1594  (Reg.  Priv.  Coun.),  "of  Balmachy"  (wit- 
ness, Sasine  16th  June,  1607),  "  deceased "  (Sasine  20th  June,  1625).  He 
married,  as  second  wife,  Jean  Douglas,  living  1603  (Acts  and  Decreets,  vol. 
214,  p.  142). 

191.    Hugh.     (See  below.) 

200.  David  (Sasine  20th  June,  1625)  obtained  concession  of  half  of  the 

mill  of  Morrach,  and  also  of  part  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Meikle 
Meddat  or  Meddat  Moir,  barony  of  Delnie.  He  married  Mary 
Urquhart.  *■[  ^ 

201.  George,  in  Miltoun,  "  son  of  deceased  Walter  "  (Sasine  1st  March, 

1625).  Walter  Ross,  now  of  Miltoun,  was  son  and  heir  of  the 
deceased  George  Ross,  son  of  the  late  Walter  of  Ballamuckie, 
24th  January,  1654  (Register  of  Acts  and  Decreets,  Edinburgh, 
vol.  567,  fol.  62).  _ 

194.  Hugh,  fourth  of  Balmachy.  Charter  of  concession  to  Walter Aand 
Hugh,  his  eldest  son,  of  the  lands  of  Balmachy,  8th  July,  1605  (Great  Seal). 
"  In  1618,  his  spouse  was  Katherin  Macleod,  Neilson.  She  received  from 
her  husband,  in  liferent,  part  of  the  lands  of  Ballamuckie.  On  15th  Decem- 
ber 1618,  there  is  a  reversion,  by  Andrew  Munro  of  Culnald,  to  Hugh  Ross 
of  the  lands  of  Ballamuckie,  redeemable  for  3000  merks ;  David  Ross,  his 
brother,  in  Mekle  Meddat,  witness.  At  Leith,  12th  June  1621,  Hugh  assigned 
to  his  brother,  George  Ross,  a  reversion  by  the  same  Andrew  Munro  over 
Midganie  for  3000  merks,  which,  by  deed  dated  at  Tain  27th  June  1621, 
George  Ross  in  Miltoun  intimated  to  Andrew  Munro.  From  bonds  regis- 
tered, Hay  Office,  Edinburgh,  in  1622,  it  would  appear  that  his  affairs  were 
in  a  bad  way. 

Branch  of  Balmachy.  41 

"Hugh  Ross  (194)  was  employed  for  many  years  by  Charles  1.  as  his 
agent  at  Dunkirk,  for  obtaining  the  freedom  of  British  subjects  imprisoned 
in  Flanders  by  the  King  of  Spain.  In  this  service  he  had  expended  large 
sums  of  his  own  money,  for  which  he  had  received  no  return,  besides 
becoming  indebted  to  others.  On  19th  March  1640-1,  he  prayed  the  King 
to  grant  him  relief,  who  ordered  the  petition  to  be  referred  to  the  Lords  in 
Parliament  to  report  thereon.  It  appears  that  nothing  was  done  (Hist.  MSS. 
Report,  iv.  58,  House  of  Lords,  MSS.).  In  1642  there  was  a  further  petition 
from  him,  asking  for  protection  from  arrest  until  his  business  was  settled 
(Ibid.  v.  66).  One  of  his  debtors  was  Sir  Arthur  Gorges,  Knight,  brother 
to  Edward  Lord  Gorges,  who,  at  the  suit  of  Hugh  Ross,  was  imprisoned  for 
debt  in  the  King's  Bench;  1st  July  1641,  Ross  petitioned  that  Gorges  'should 
not  be  allowed  to  walk  abroad  at  his  pleasure,  so  that  he  will  never  be  likely 
to  pay  his  debt.'  In  the  same  month  judgment  was  given  (Ibid.  iv.  81,  86), 
and  he  was  condemned  to  pay  ii6o  debt,  and  £40  costs.  Ross  was  so  well 
satisfied  with  the  decision  that  he  gave  Gorges  no  further  trouble  (Petition 
of  Gorges,  8th  June  1660;  Ibid.  v.  94).  Some  years  after  the  death  of  Hugh 
Ross,  Katherine  Ross,  as  administratrix,  set  up  a  claim  for  the  same  debt  and 
costs ;  petitioner  then  prayed  for  relief  for  himself  and  his  tenants. 

"  Hugh  Ross  made  a  will  dated  19th  June  1649.  He  was  then  living  in 
Farmer's  Lane,  Westminster.  He  desires  to  be  buried  in  St.  Margaret's 
Church.  He  declares  his  estate  to  consist  of  a  reversion  of  lands  in  Scot- 
land, which  are  in  the  possession  of  his  brother's  son  by  right  of  wadset,  and 
of  great  sums  of  money  owing  him  by  the  States  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scot- 
land and  England,  for  his  services  towards  the  relief  of  the  subjects  of  those 
Kingdoms,  as  will  more  clearly  appear  by  his  papers,  petitions,  and  actions. 
He  bequeaths  his  real  and  personal  estate  to  his  son  George,  executor.  He 
wills  that  David  Ross,  General  Major  Robert  Munro,  and  Dr.  Alexander 
Ross,  nearest  relatives  on  his  father's  and  mother's  side,  shall  aid  his  son 
in  acquiring  his  just  right  and  possession.  Will  dated  19th  June  1649,  and 
proved  3rd  July. 

"  Letters  of  adminstration  dated  4th  May  1653,  were  granted  to  Robert 
Ross,  nephew  to  the  late  Hugh,  of  goods  unadministered  by  George  Ross, 
executor,  deceased.  Again  27th  October  1654,  administration  was  granted 
to  Katherine  Ross,  curatrix  assigned  to  Margaret  Ross,  a  minor,  next-of-kin 
to  Hugh  Ross,  to  administer  to  the  use  of  the  said  Margaret  during  her 
minority.  On  the  same  day  other  letters  were  granted  to  Katherine,  as 
aunt  and  curatrix  of  Margaret,  to  administer  the  goods  of  the  late  George 
Ross,  and  lastly  to  administer  the  goods  of  Robert  Ross,  deceased,  father  of 
the  said  Margaret. 

"  Robert  Ross,  styled  of  the  Charter  House,  London,  by  his  will,  dated 
16th  September  1654,  and  proved  27th  October  (executor,  Master  Austen; 
overseer,  Master  William  Ross),  after  payment  of  debts,  leaves  the  residue 
'  towards  the  bringing  up '  of  his  daughter.  By  a  codicil  he  desires  his 
father's  papers  to  be  given  to  Sir  David  Cunigom,1  and  '  that  he  take  care 
of  the  widow  and  children  according  to  my  father's  will,  and  take  up  £50 

ISir    David    Coningham,    knighted    by    Charles    I.    at    Royston,    1st    April,    1604. 

42  Rossiana. 

of  Sir  Henry  Newton  of  Charleton,  to  give  to  my  daughter  Margrett  at 
her  marriage,  or  when  she  is  sixteen,  according  to  her  grandfather's  desire 
in  his  last  will.'  Robert  Ross  became  one  of  the  '  brothers '  of  the  Charter 
House,  19th  December  1652,  and  died  there  8th  October  1654  (Archives, 
Charter  House). 

"  Hugh  Ross,  as  previously  stated,  appointed  three  of  his  near  relatives 
to  assist  his  son  in  forwarding  his  claims  upon  the  Government.  David 
Ross,  the  first  named,  was  his  brother.  General  Major  Robert  Munro,  a 
relation  on  his  mother's  side,  was  the  author  of  '  The  Expedition  with 
the  Scots  Regt.  (called  MacKeyes  Regt.),  which  served  under  the  King  of 
Denmark  during  his  wars  against  the  Emperor,  afterwards  under  the  King 
of  Sweden,  and  then  under  the  Chancellor  Oxensterne.'  Published  in  Lon- 
don, 1637.  This  regiment  was  raised  in  August  1626,  and  reduced  to  one 
Company  in  September  1634,  at  Wormes  in  the  Paltz. 

"At  Part  1.  p.  17,  he  says,  '  The  sixth  duety  discharged  of  our  expedition 
by  water  from  Wismer  to  Heligenhoven,  and  of  our  service  at  Oldenburg. 
At  our  going  to  the  passe,  the  enemies  Cannon  played  continually  on  the 
Colours ;  which  were  torne  with  the  Cannon.  Also  to  my  griefe,  my  Came- 
rade  Lieutenant  Hugh  Rosse,  was  the  first  that  felt  the  smart  of  the  Cannon 
Bullet,  being  shot  in  the  leg,  who  falling,  not  fainting  at  his  losse,  did  call 
couragiously,  "  Go  on  bravely,  Camerades,  and  I  wish  I  had  a  Treene,  or  a 
woodden  leg  for  your  sakes;  "  in  this  instant  of  time,  and  as  I  believe,  with 
one  Bullet,  the  leg  was  also  shot  from  David  Rosse,  sonne  to  Rosse  of 

"At  Part  11.  p.  17.  The  army  under  the  King  of  Sweden  was  commanded 
to  beleaguer  Dameine,  and  it  marched  thither  from  Letts  on  February  14 
(presumably  1630,  for  the  work  is  wanting  in  dates)  and  he  says,  At  our 
first  drawing  up  in  battell  a  worthy  gent,  called  Robt.  Ross,  one  of  our  Regt., 
was  killed  with  the  Cannon,  being  blowing  of  Tobacco  before  the  Regt.,  died 
instantly,  and  was  transported  to  Letts,  where  he  was  honourably  buried  in 
the  church,  whose  last  words  were  "  Lord,  receive  my  soule."  ' 

"  The  third  named  was  Dr.  Alexander  Ross.  There  was  living  at  that 
time  Alexander  Ross,  D.  D.,  who  may  have  been  a  relative  through  the 
Munro  family.  Born  at  Aberdeen,  1st  January  1590,  through  the  influence 
of  Archbishop  Laud  he  became  chaplain  to  Charles  1.,  vicar  of  Carisbrook. 
master  of  the  Free  School  at  Southampton,  where  he  also  held  the  living  of 
All  Saints'.  He  was  a  voluminous  writer,  one  of  his  works  on  all  Religions 
in  the  world,  etc.,  went  through  many  editions,  and  was  translated  into  Ger- 
man, French,  and  Dutch.  His  name  is  commemorated  in  Hudibras.  The 
best  account  of  his  life  is  given  in  Lives  of  Eminent  Men  of  Aberdeen,  by 
James  Bruce,  1841.  It,  however,  states  that  nothing  is  known  of  his  parent- 
age. Towards  the  end  of  his  life  he  lived  at  Bramshill  with  his  friend,  Mr., 
afterwards   Sir  Andrew,   Henley,  to   whom  he  left  his   pictures   and  books. 

Dying  there,  February   1654,  he  was  buried   in  the  Lady  Chapel   of 

Eversley  Church  (Charles  Kingsley's  church),  where,  in  his  lifetime,  he  had 
prepared  his  sepulchre,  placing  over  it  the  following  punning  epitaph  on  his 
name.     At  each  corner  of  the  stone  there  is  a  shield  bearing,  not  the  lions  of 

Branch  of  Balmachy.  43 

the  Earls,  but  the  chevron  cheeky,  azure  and  argent,  between  three  water 
bougets,  sable. 

"Alexandri  Rosaei  de  Seipso  epigraphe. 

"  Hospes  siste  gradum  cineresq.  hos  aspice  disces 

Quid  sum  Quid  fueram,  quidq.  futurus  ero 
Ros  fueram  nunc  sum  Pulvis  mox  umbra  futurus 

Ros  abiit  Pulvis  spargitur  Umbra  fugit 
Quid  Tute  es  disce  hinc  quid  cuncta  humana  quid  audi 

Sunt  quod  ego  Pulvis  Ros  cinis  Umbra  nihil.' 

"  In  the  Register  at  Eversley  there  was  formerly  the  following  translation 
of  the  above  Epitaph  : — 

"  Stop  stranger,  view  this  dust,  and  taught,  you'll  see 

What  I  am  now,  what  have  been,  what  shall  be. 
I  have  been  dew,  and  dust,  shall  be  a  shade, 

The  dew  is  gone,  dust  scattered,  fled  the  shade. 
What  thyself  art  hence  learn,  what  all  things  are, 

What  are  all  things  in  human  nature  hear, 
That  they  are  all  what  I  now  am,  be  taught 

They're  dust,  are  dew,  are  ashes,  shadow,  nought." 

"His  will  was  proved  at  Westminster,  19th  April  1654;  by  it  he  leaves 
considerable  sums  in  legacies  to  Aberdeen,  Southampton,  etc.,  and  many 
mourning  rings.  Among  these,  one  of  the  value  of  £5,  to  Mr.  Rosse,  attorney 
in  the  Inner  Temple,  another  of  £2,  to  Mr.  Robert  Ross,  of  the  Charter 
House;  then  follow  legacies  to  Marion  Ross,  his  uncle's  daughter,  in  Aber- 
deen, to  his  two  brothers,  his  nephew  and  nieces." 
Hugh  Ross  (194),  fourth  of  Balmachy,  had, 
195.    George.     (See  belozv.) 

199.    William,  "  brother  of  George  "  (Sasine  10th  December,  1628),  died 
22d  March,  1643;  buried  at  Tain  (Kal.  of  F.). 
195.    George,    fifth    "of    Balmachy"    (Sasine    3d    December,    1627;    also 
Valuation  Roll.  Sheriffdom  of  Ross,  1644),  died  12th  September,  .1647;  buried 
at    Feme,    having   married    Margaret    M'Culloch    (Sasine    30th    May,    1649). 
George,  fifth  of  Balmachy,  was  half-brother  and  not  son  to  Hugh  Ross,  fourth 
of  Balmachy  (whose  only  son,  George,  died  s.  p.),  having  acquired  the  property 
by  right  of  wadset  from  the  above  Hugh,  in  or  before  1627.     Between  1627 
and    1642   the   name   of    George   Ross    frequently   appears    in    the    Inverness 
Sasines,  without  stating  his  paternity.     He  had, 
196a.    Walter.     (See  below.) 

197a.    Andrew,  "  son  of  deceased  George "   (witness,   Sasine  30th  May, 

1649),  "in  Balmachy"  (witness,  1st  February  1658).     (See  post.) 

198.    David  (Sasine  1st  October,  1668). 

196a.    Walter,   sixth   of  Balmachy,   "  son  and  heir  of  deceased   George," 

28th  December,  1647    (Inq.  spec.  Ross  et  Crom.),  "of  Balmachy"   (witness. 

Sasine  8th  April,   1680),  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  late  Hugh  Ross  of 

Tollie  (Sasine  30th  May,  16491).    Helen,  his  third  daughter,  married  George, 

son  to  John  Graham,  merchant  at  Florboose.     Contract  dated  9th  September, 

1671,  registered  at  Tain  4th  June,  1680. 

'Mr.   John   Ross    "  of   Bellamuckie  "   is   named   in   Sasine  17th    October   1682 

44  Rossi  a  n  a. 

196b.  Hugh,  probably  son  of  the  above  and  seventh  "  of  Balmachy " 
(Sasine  nth  July,  1695),  tenant  of  the  Bishopric  of  Ross  1695-6.  In  1709 
Margaret  Dunbar  was  his  spouse. 

(1.)     Agnes,   eldest   daughter,   married  Alexander   Ross,    fourth  of   Pit- 
calnie   (Sasine  on  marriage-contract,  12th  February,  1684). 

Note. —  While  General  Meredith  Reade  was  the  guest  of  the  Duke  and  Duchess  of 
Sutherland  at  Dunrobin  Castle  in  1877,  through  the  kindness  of  the  Duke  he  received 
the  following  valuable  memorandum  concerning  the  descendants  of  the  house  of 
Balmachy   from   which    his    Ross   ancestors   sprung: 

Letter  From  the  Rev.  James  M.   Jones  to   H.   G.   the  Duke  of  Sutherland. 

The   Manse,   Golspie, 

September  29th,    1S77. 

My  Lord  Duke. — I  have  the  honour  to  enclose  an  extract  from  the  manuscript  at 
Dunrobin  in  which  General  Meredith  Reade  is  interested.  On  comparing  the  manu- 
script with  the  Balnagowan  Chronicle  which  has  been  printed,  I  find  the  former  much 
fuller.  I  shall  be  glad  if  your  Grace  wishes  to  copy  any  further  notice  of  General 
Reade's   family   if   I    find   such   on   examining   the   manuscript. 

I    am,    Your    Grace, 

Most  respectfully, 

James  M.  Jones. 

Extract    from    the    MS.    at    Dunrobin    Castle    Known    as    the    Deuchar    MS.    and 
Named    "A    Brieff    of   the    Chronicle    of   the    Earles    of    Ross."    Undated. 
"  follows  the   daugrs   of  Donald   Ross   of    Balmuchy   and   whereon   they   were   marryed. 

The  said  Donald  Ross  his  Eldest  Daugr  got  on  his  first  wife  Issobel  Innes  was 
married  on  Donald  Monro  in  the  wards  of  Mickle  Allan,  Son  to  Wm  Monro  of  Mickle 
Allan  who  buire  him  diverse  bairnes  viz  Andrew  George,  David,  Isobell  and  Jannet. 
The  sa  Donald  Ross  his  second  daugr  called  Marion  begotten  on  the  first  Isobell  Innes 
was  married  on  John  Keil  McAuroy  in  Scatwell  who  buire  him  diverse  bairnes  viz 
Androw  and  the  sd  Donald  his  3rd  daugr  married  on  Donald  Ross  Allexr's  son  in 
Rarichies  who  was  called  Narrg  Ross  who  buire  to  the  sd  Donald  Diverse  bairns 
viz  Isobel,  Mary,  the  sd  Donald  his  fourth  Daugr  called  Mary  begotten  also  on  the 
sd  Isobell  Innes  marryed  on  Mr.  Walter  Ross  in  Balacherry  who  buire  to  him  diverse 
bairnes  viz  Allexander  Donald  Isobel  Findzoil  Janet,  the  21  of  Aprile  1594,  ther  was  ane 
Lad   baptized   to   the  sd    Mr.    Walter   called    David. 

The   Daugr's   of   Wm   Ross   Huchon   some   time    Dwell    and    in    Balmuchy. 

An  maryed  on  Alexr  McVitkenald  called  Janet  who  lived  at  Delnie  who  buire  him 
diverse  bairns  Walter  Hucho  Janet  and  ane  uther  daugr  of  the  sd  William  Ross 
married  on  ane  husband  man  in  fleshcarchie  called  Alexr  McAndrew  Cay  who  buire 
him  Diverse  bairns  John  Androw  the  sd  Wm  Huchons  Eldest  son  called  finlay  Ross 
was  marryed  on  ane  Rich  burgess  Daugr  In  Tayne  called  Donald  Taylor  alias  Reid 
the   womans   name   Agness   Reid    who    buire   him    Diverse   bairnes. 

The  Daugrss  of  Alexr  Ross  3rd  son  to  Huchon  Ross  of  Belluchy  an  daugr  of 
them  called  Katherine  marryed  upon  John  McDonald  vie  malk  in  Ballmuchy  who  buire 
to    him    diverse   bairnes." 

The  foregoing  does  not  appear  in  the  Balnagowan  MS.,  and  has  so  far  as  I  know 
never    been    printed. 

J.  M.   Tones. 
Sep.   29th,   1877. 


Balblair  in  1666  belonged  to  James  Dallas  of  Balblair,  and  Grissel  Ross,  his 
spouse.  In  a  letter  of  1664  Ross  of  Balblair  is  described  as  "  Cadit  of  the 
decayed  house  of  Balmachy." 

197a.  Andrew,  younger  son  of  George  Ross,  fifth  of  Balmachy,  became 
Andrew,  first  "  of  Balblair,"  who  was  father  of 

1976.    David,  second  of  Balblair,  parish  of  Fearn,  "notary"  (Sasine  15th 
April.    1678),   married  Margaret   Stronach,   "his   spouse"    (Sasine  8th   July, 
1681),  "relict"  (13th  April,  1710).     They  had, 
197c.     Andrew.     (See  below.) 

Line  of  Little  Tarrell.  45 

197e.     Rev.  George,  the  dent  for  the  present  at  Balblair,  and  second  son 
of  David  (Sasines  3d  September,   1698,  and   19th  April,   1710). 
In  1700  he  took  his  degree  of  M.  A.  at  Edinburgh,  and  became 
tutor  to  the  son  cf  the  Laird  of  Mey.     He  afterwards  served  as 
chaplain   in   the   royal  navy,   and   in    1705    settled   in   America, 
where  he  became  rector  of  an  Episcopal  church  at  New  Castle, 
Delaware.     His   father,   by    disposition,   dated   8th    March,    1707, 
settled  Balblair   on   his  grandchild,   Arnold,   eldest   son   of  his 
eldest  son,  Arnold,  and  his  heirs,  male,  whom  failing,  on  the 
heirs,   male,  of  his   eldest  son,   Arnold,   whom    failing,   on   his 
second  son,  Mr.  George,  etc.,  whom  failing,  on  his  third  son, 
Hugh  etc. 
197#.     Hugh,  "  third  son,"  who  was  probably  father  to  David,  "  son  to 
Hugh  in  Balblair  "  (Sasine  19th  August,  1701). 
(1.)     Elizabeth,  married  David  Munro,  sixth  of  Allan,  and  had  a  son 
David,   W.   S.,   Edinburgh   who   in   1765   left  his   estate   to   his 
nephew  Charles,  son  of  Margaret  Munro  and  Charles  M'Kenzie, 
who  assumed  the  name  of  Munro. 
197c.     Andrew,    third    of    Balblair,    "  eldest    son    of    David "    (Sasine    8th 
March,  1710),  writer,  Edinburgh.     He  died  before  1764,  having  married  Mar- 
garet Gallie,  "  his  spouse,"  1710.     They  had  an  only  son, 

197d.  Andrew,  fourth  of  Balblair,  M.  D.  at  Kingston,  Jamaica,  died  s.  p. 
■"  Grandchild  of  dec.  David  of  Balblair,  eldest  son  of  Andrew,  eldest  son  of 
David"  (Sasine  19th  April,  1710).  In  1730  he,  being  then  styled  surgeon  in 
London,  made  a  disposition  in  favour  of  John  Cruickshank,  merchant,  London, 
of  the  town  and  lands  of  Balblair. 


i.  Alexander  Ross,  first  of  Little  Tarrell,  was  the  legitimated  son  of 
Walter  Ross,  eighth  of  Balnagown  (15),  letters  of  legitimation  having  been 
granted  4th  March  1546-7: — "  Preceptum  legitimationis,  Alexri  Ros  de  Littil 
Allan  filii  quond  Waited  Ros  apparentis  heredis  Davidis  Ros  de  Ballegoun 
militis  in  comuni  forma,  etc.  Apud  Edinburgh  vicesimo  quarto  Marcii  anno 
domini  jm  vc  xlvit0"  (Reg.  Sec.  Sig.  lib.  xx.  f.  92).  He  built  the  house  of 
Little  Tarrell  1559,  and  died  there  4th  Jan.  1567-8  (Chron.  Earls  of  Ross). 
Having  married  Sarah,  daughter  of  Thomas  Ross  of  Greenhill  (Old  MS. 
Ped.),  he  had, 

ii.     Alexander.     (See  below.) 
iii.     Mr.  John.     (See  below.) 
lxiil.     David.     (See  post.) 
lxv.     Walter.     (See  post.) 
lxxix.     Nicholas.     (See  post.) 
ii-     Alexander,  second  of  Little  Tarrell,  "  eldest  son  "  (Sasine  25th  April 
1617),  married,  first,  Elizabeth  Ross,  widow  of  Angus  M'Culloch  of  Meikle 
Tarrell.     In  1570,  James  vi.  granted  to  her,  being  then  wife  of  the  said  Alex- 
ander, styled  of  Little  Allan,  a  crown  charter  of  one-third  of  Meikle  Tarrell. 
Alexander  and  his  wife  obtained  one-third  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Arkboll 
(precept  of  sasine  confirmed  by  Queen  Mary  24th  February  1562,  and  after- 

46  Rossi  an  a. 

wards  by  charter  under  the  Great  Seal,  7th  December  1569.  In  1579,  George 
Ross,  tenth  of  Balnagown,  sold  them  certain  lands,  and  a  yearly  revenue 
from  the  lands  of  Little  Allan.  Alexander  was  served  heir-general  to  his 
father  in  Little  Tarrell  (Retour  8th  April  1578,  Sheriff  Court,  Inverness,  vol. 
i.  fol.  84),  and,  26th  June  1580,  in  the  lands  of  Arkboll  Langwell,  etc.  (lb. 
vol.  i.  fol.  107).  By  his  wife  Elizabeth  he  had  three  daughters, 
(1.)  Marjory. 
(2.)  Cristina. 
(3.)  Isobella. 
On  20th  March  1582-3,  Mr.  Walter  Ross  (Ixv)  was  served  curator  to  them, 
as  nearest  kinsman  on  their  father's  side  (Sheriff  Court.  Inverness,  vol.  i.  fol. 
114).  On  24th  June  1582,  Mr.  John  Ross  of  Hilton  (iii),  their  uncle,  re- 
ceived a  gift  of  the  nonentry  of  one-half  of  Little  Allan,  of  one-third  of  Ark- 
boll and  Estboll,  since  the  death  of  their  father,  with  the  marriage  of  the 
said  Marjory,  Cristina,  and  Isobella  (Reg.  Sec.  Sig.  xlix.  f.  7),  who  were 
served  heirs-portioners  to  their  father  in  one-third  of  the  lands  of  Little  Tar- 
rell and  others,  31st  July  1596  (Retours,  D  62  and  64).  Alexander  died  before 
1582,  having  married,  secondly,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Hector  Munro  of 
Assynt;  in  1584  she  obtained  a  charter  from  James  vi.  of  the  liferent  of  the 
western  third  of  Arkboli.  She  married,  secondly,  Nicholas  Ross,  first  of  Pit- 
calnie,  contract  dated  at  Arkboll,  23d  January  1587. 

iii.  Mr.  John,  brother  of  the  above  Alexander,  became  third  of  Little  Tar- 
rell. He  was  presented  to  the  vicarage  of  Kilmuir  and  Suddy  10th  Decem- 
ber 1573  (Reg.  Sec.  Sig.  xii.  f.  126) ;  translated  from  Tain,  25th  April  1581, 
to  the  vicarage  of  Logie  Easter,  in  succession  to  Mr.  Thomas  Hay,  abbot  of 
Glenluce  (lb.  xlvii.  f.  115).  In  1587-8,  Mr.  John  and  his  brother  David  "in 
Drunnneddeth,"  with  about  400  armed  men.  went  to  the  place  where  the  mem- 
bers of  the  Baillie  Court  of  the  earldom  of  Ross  were  sitting  in  judgment,  and 
declaring  they  would  be  revenged  for  a  wrong  done  to  Andrew  Munro  of 
Newmore.  compelled  the  court  to  rise  (Reg.  Priv.  Coun.  vol.  iv.).  In  vol.  v. 
of  the  same  register  there  is  a  complaint  made  by  a  certain  John  Ross  that 
he  was  carried  off  from  the  Chanoury  of  Ross  a  prisoner  to  Balnagown  by 
Mr.  John  and  many  others.  It  does  not  appear  what  became  of  Mr.  John's 
nieces,  portioners  of  Little  Tarrell.  He  obtained  a  charter,  dated  at  Leith 
16th  March  1608,  from  David,  bishop  of  Ross,  to  him,  his  heirs  and  assignees, 
of  the  lands  of  Little  Tarrell,  with  tower,  fortalice,  manor,  mill,  etc.,  in  feu 
ferme  and  heritage,  for  the  yearly  rent  of  42s.,  with  14s.  of  grassum,  and  cer- 
tain payments  in  kind.  Confirmed  14th  July  1610  (Great  Seal,  46,  233).  He 
died  22d  October  1616  {Fasti  Ecc.  Scot.'),  having  married  Christian,  daughter 
of  Hugh  Munro  of  Assynt  (Sasine  25th  March  161 1),  "  goodwife  of  Little 
Tarrell  "  (Sasine  1st  February  1652),  and  had, 
iv.    Hugh.     (See  below.) 

xi.     David,  son  of  Mr.  John  (witness,  Sasine  14th  September  1607). 
xii.     Alexander.     (See  post.) 
xxii.     George,  "lawful  son"  (Sasine  25th  March  161 1).     (See  post.) 
xxx.     Nicholas.     (See  post.) 

William,  "  son  of  Mr.  John,  sometime  minister  at  Logy  "  (Sasine 

2d  April  1670). 

Branch  of  Pitkerie.  47 

iv.  Hugh,  fourth  of  Little  Tarrell,  "apparent"  (Sasine  31st  August  1609), 
served  heir  to  his  father  in  the  lands  of  Esbolg  in  Invercharron  (Inq.  spec. 
Ross  et  Crom.),  on  commission  of  war  Sutherland  and  Inverness,  1643,  1644, 
1646,  1647  (Acts  of  Parliament),  married, —  March  1611  (Sasine  27th  March), 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Hugh  Fraser  of  Belladrum,  and  had, 
v.    John.     (See  below.) 

—    Hugh,  "  brother  of  John  of  Little  Tarrell  "   (Sasine  27th  Septem- 
ber 1671). 


(2.)     Isobel,  "  second  daughter,"  liferent  to  her  in  the  davoch  lands  of 
Meikle  Allan  (Sasine  5th  April  1642). 
v.    John,  fifth  of  Little  Tarrell,  "eldest  son"  (Sasine  15th  February  1641), 
on  commission  of  war  1649  (Acts  of  Parliament),  married  Janet,  daughter  of 
Colonel  John  Munro  of  Obisdale  (Sasine  as  above),  and  had, 

vi.  Alexander,  sixth  of  Little  Tarrell ;  fifth  in  the  entail  of  Balnagown 
made  in  1685 ;  "  son  of  John  "  (Sasine  6th  March  1665) ;  Commissioner  of 
Supply  Ross-shire  1685,  1689,  1690  (Acts  of  Parliament)  ;  married  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Munro  of  Daan,  "  his  spouse  "  (Sasine  29th  July  1708 
and  20th  June  1715).     They  had, 

vii.     Hugh,  in  sasine  on  marriage  contract,  dated  August  1700,  is  styled 
"second  lawful  son";  in  sasine  20th  January  1715,  "eldest  son 
and  fiar  of  Little  Tarrell."     (See  belozv.) 
viii.     Alexander  (MS.  pedigree). 

ix.     John       i 

>  (witnesses,  Sasine  25th  November  1701). 
x.     George  ) 

(1.)     Janet,  married  Robert  Ross,  bailie  of  Tain,  son  of  Alexander  Ross 

of  Easterfearn.     P.     (See  Appendix  D.) 
(2.)     Margaret,  married  29th  November  1714,  George,  second  son  of  Mr. 
Bernard  Mackenzie  of  Sandilands   (Cromarty  Reg.).     P. 
vii.     Hugh,  seventh  of  Little  Tarrell,  is  infefted  in  the  town  and  lands  of 
Little  Tarrell  by  his  father   (Sasine  29th  December   1701),  on  his  marriage 
with  Christian,  eldest  daughter  of  Alexander  Mackenzie  of  Lochsline.     Com- 
missioner of  Supply  1706   (Acts  o,f  Parliament).    He  died  before  23d  July 



xii.  Alexander  Ross,  first  of  Pitkerie,  "  lawful  son  to  Mr.  John,"  third  of 
Little  Tarrell  (witness  to  Sasine  4th  March  1608),  "portioner  of  Pitkerie, 
and  Jonet  Monro  his  spouse"  (Sasine  20th  September  1648).  He  died  1st 
February  1649,  and  was  buried  at  Tain  (Kal.  of  Feme),  having  married 
Janet,  youngest  daughter  of  Andrew  Munro  of  Limorn.  She  married,  sec- 
ondly, Mr.  David  Ross  of  Logie  (Sasine  on  marriage  contract  7th  June  1655).. 
By  her  first  husband  she  had, 

xiii.  Hugh  of  Cunlich,  "  nearest  lawful  heir  to  deceased  Alexander 
of  Pitkerie"  (Sasine  5th  August  1657).  He  was  served  and 
retoured  as  son  and  heir  in  half  the  davoch  lands  of  Quin- 

lichmore    (Sasine    15th    June    1654).      He    married    

,  and  left  a  son, 

xiv.     Andrew    (Sasine  5th  August  1668). 

48  Rossiatia. 

xv.     Mr.  Andrew.     (See  below.) 

xxi.     Robert,    "  lawful    son    of    deceased    Alexander    of    Pitkerie " 
(Sasine   gth    December    1651),   "in    Pitkerie,"    1st   February 
xv.     Mr.  Andrew,  second  of  Pitkerie,  A.M.  degree,  Aberdeen  1647,  minister 

of  Tarbat   1654.      He  died  1692,  aged  about  65    (Fasti  Ecc.   Scot.), 

having  married  Elizabeth  Bruce,  "his  spouse"  (Sasine  7th  January  1658,  and 
25th  March  1714).     They  had, 

xvi.     Mr.  Alexander.     (See  below.) 

xx.     Benjamin,  "son  of  Mr.  Andrew,  minister  at  Tarbat"   (witness, 
Sasine  15th  August  1682). 
xvi.     Mr.  Alexander,  third  of  Pitkerie,  "  eldest  son  and  heir  to  late   Mr. 
Andrew"   (Sasine   15th  November   1722).      "Served  and  retoured  "    (Sasine 
25th  March  1714).     Married ■ .  daughter  of  Major  William  Cock- 
burn  (MS.  Ped.),  and  left, 

xvii.     Benjamin,   "eldest   son   of   Mr.   Alexander"    (Sasine    1st   July 

1703,  and  24th  May  1717). 
xviii.  Andrew.  (See  below.) 
xviii.  Andrew,  fourth  of  Pitkerie,  "  son  to  Mr.  Alexander "  (witness, 
Sasine  1st  March  171 7).  Obtained  from  the  Lyon  Office  the  following  grant 
of  Arms : — "  Gu.  3  Lyoncells  ramp.  arg.  within  a  bordure  compound  or  and 
of  the  first."  No  crest  mentioned.  Motto : — "  Non  opus  sed  ingenium." 
He  married  Katherine,  daughter  of  Duncan  Fraser  of  Achnagairn.  She 
married,  secondly,  George  Gray,  seventh  of  Skibo.  By  her  first  husband 
she  had, 

xix.     George.     (See  below.) 

(1.)     Jean,  married,  6th  March  1747  (Dornoch  Reg.),  as  second  wife, 

Mr.    Robert    Kirke,    minister    of    Dornoch    1713-38.      Their 

eldest    daughter,    Jean,    married    Duncan    Munro,    third    of 


xix.     George,  fifth  of  Pitkerie,  and  first  of  Cromarty  by  purchase  in  1772; 

Army  agent;  M.P.  Cromartyshire  1780-4;  for  the  Wick  Burghs  15th  March 

1786.     He  died  s.p.  7th  April   1786.     Will  proved  in   London.     George   Gray, 

son  of  his  half-brother  Alexander  Gray  of  Skibo,  inherited   Cromarty,  and 

assumed  the  name  of  Ross.     He  died  unmarried,  when  the   estate  passed  to 

Katherine  Munro  of  Culcairn,  daughter  of  Jean  Kirke,  niece  of  the  above 

George  Ross.     She  married,  as  second  wife,  Hugh  Ross  of  Glastullich,  who 

assumed  the  name  of  Ross,  and  had  by  her, 

George  William  Holmes  Ross  of  Cromarty,  who  died  19th  November 
1883,  having  married,  20th  April  1849,  Adelaide  Lucy,  daughter  of  Dun- 
can Davidson,  fourth  of  Tulloch,  by  whom  he  had  3  sons  and  4 


xxii.  George  Ross,  "  brother  of  Alexander  of  Pitkerie,  younger  son  of 
deceased  Mr.  John  of  Little  Tarrel  "  (Sasine  19th  July  1624),  "  portioner  of 
Pitkerie"  (Sasine  4th  October  1648).  He  married  Katherine,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Ross   (MS.  Ped.),  and  had, 

Branch  of  Nicholas  Ross,  Dyer  in  Tain.  49 

xxiii.  Mr.  Thomas,  "minister  of  Kincardine"  (witness,  Sasine  16th 
August  1656),  "eldest  son  of  George,  and  cautioner  to  Mr.  John"  (Sasine 
on  bond  9th  December  1651).  He  married  Lilias  Dunbar  (MS.  Pcd.), 
and  had, 

xxiv.     Mr.  Alexander.     (See  below.) 
xxviii.     Mr.  George.     (See  post.) 

xxiv.  Mr.  Alexander  of  Nether  Pitkerie  (Sasine  on  disposition  28th  July 
1669,  "by  Mr.  Thomas  Ross,  portioner  of  Pitkerie,  in  favour  of  Mr.  Alex- 
ander, minister  at  Fearne,  and  Jean  Munro,  his  spouse,  of  the  Easter  and 
Nether  quarters  of  Pitkerie)."  His  wife  was  daughter  of  Mr.  George  Munro, 
minister  of  Rosemarkie,  and  third  of  Pithendie,  chancellor  of  Ross ;  "  relict 
of  Mr.  Alexander"  (Sasine  4th  October  1700).     They  had, 

xxv.     Alexander  of  Nether  Pitkerie,  "  son  of  deceased  Mr.  Alexander  and 

Jean  Munro"    (Sasine   as   above).     He   married   Anne,   daughter   of  

Fraser  of  Achnagairn   (MS.  Pcd.),  and  had, 

xxvi.  George  of  Nether  Pitkerie,  "writer,  Edinburgh"  (Sasine  14th 
December  1736,  on  charter  under  Great  Seal  of  the  lands  of  Annat  and 
others  in  the  parish  of  Nigg).  In  Sasine  5th  June  1753  on  Crown  Charter 
of  Easter  and  Wester  Kinmylies,  in  the  regality  of  Spynie,  he  is  styled 
"  solicitor  in  London."     He  married ,  and  had  a  son, 

xxvii.     Charles,  who  married . 

xxviii.  Mr.  George  (see  ante),  son  of  Mr.  Thomas  Ross,  was  minister  of 
Kincardine  1671,  died  —  February  1683,  aged  about  47  (Fasti  Ecc.  Scot.), 
having  married  Katherine  Ross,  "his  spouse"  (disposition  in  her  favour, 
Sasine  12th  February  1683,  of  the  lands  of  Easter  and  Wester  Calrichies). 
They  had, 

xxix.  Mr.  David,  "  schoolmaster  at  Tain  "  (witness,  Sasine  20th  Novem- 
ber 1694),  "minister  at  Tarbat,  eldest  son  to  deceased  Mr.  George  (Sasine 
nth  December  1709).  He  took  his  degree  at  St.  Andrews,  and  was  ordained 
1707.  He  died  18th  October  1748,  having  married  Margaret,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Ross,  fifth  of  Pitcalnie.     She  died  nth  January  1730. 


xxx.  Nicholas  Ross  (sec  ante),  son  of  Mr.  John  Ross,  "dyer  and  burgess 
of  Tain"  (Sasine  30th  June  1624),  "brother  of  George"  (Sasine  28th  July 
1638).  He  married  Katherine,  daughter  of  William  Ross  of  Balkeith  (MS. 
Ped.),  and  had, 

xxxi.     John  of  Newtown,  Provost  of  Tain. 
xxxii.     Alexander.     (See  bclozv.) 
1L    Thomas,  M.D.,  Barbadoes. 
lii.     David. 
xxxii.     Alexander,  "burgess  of  Tain,  brother  of  John"  (Sasine  18th  April 
1696).     He  married  Isobell  M'Culloch  (MS.  Ped.),  and  had, 
xxxiii.     Nicholas,  who  married  Jean  Sutherland. 
xxxviii.     Thomas.     (See  below.) 
xxxix.     Walter.     (See  post.) 
xxxviii.     Thomas,   bailie   of   Tain,   married   Abigail,    daughter   of  Thomas 
M'Culloch  of  Kindeace  (MS.  Ped.).  and  had. 

50  Rossiana. 

xxxiv.     David. 

xxxv.     Nicholas.      (See  beloiv.)     By  an  error  in  the  Key-Chart  David 
and  Nicholas  appear  as  sons  of  (xxxiii)    Nicholas. 
xxxv.     Nicholas,  merchant  at  Tain,  married  Jannet,  daughter  of  Mr.  Colin 
Mackenzie   (MS.  Pcd.),  and  had, 
xxxvi.     Thomas. 
xxxvii.     Colin. 
xxxix.     Walter  (see  ante),  Town  Clerk  of  Dornoch,  Provost  of  Tain  1693, 
married  Jean,  daughter  of  Mr.  Robert  ,Ross  of  Logie,  by  Barbara,  daughter 
of  Mr.  George  Munro,  Chancellor  of  Ross.     They  had, 
xl.     Thomas,  Dean  of  Guild  of  Dornoch. 
xli.     Alexander.     (See  belozc.) 
xli.     Alexander,  Sheriff  Clerk  Deputy  of  Ross   (Sasine  3d  February  1730). 

Sheriff   Clerk    (Sasine   29th   January    1734).     Born   1700.   died 

1762,  having  married  17-29,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Mr.  Hugh  Munro 

of  Kiltearn,  minister  of  Tain    (Sasine  of  renunciation,  7th  August  1747,  by 
her  to  her  husband  of  £100  out  of  the  lands  of  Culrain,  and  afterwards  of 
the  same  sum  out  of  Culcairn).     They  had, 
xiii.     George,  died  young. 
xliii.     William  Sutherland.     (See  below.) 
(1.)     Katherine,  died  unmarried. 
(2.)     Christian,  died  unmarried. 
xliii.     William  Sutherland,  born  19th  March  1740,  died  27th  January  1816, 
having  married,  9th   August    1770,   Hannah   Margaretta    Owen.      They   had, 
with  other  five  children  who  died  young, 

xliv.     William  Sutherland,  born  10th  July  1771,  married,  1802, 

Catherine  Tinker,  and  died  s.p.  1845. 

xlv.     Edward  Dalhousie.     (See  below.) 

— .     Henry  John,  born  1787,  died  unmarried  1830. 

(1.)     Margaretta  Susannah,  died 1801.  having  married  Andrew 

Burnside  in  1793.     P. 

(2.)     Elizabeth  Anne,  died  unmarried  1823. 

(3.)     Laurencia   Dorothea,   married  1804,    Francis    Robertson 

of  Chilcote  Hall,  Ashby-de-la-Zouche,  and  died  1848, 

having  had  nine  children. 

(4.)     Amelia,  died  unmarried  1859. 

(5.)     Anna    Sophia,   married,  181 1,   Col.    Mundy   Wood,   and 

died 1825.     P. 

(6.)     Gilbertha,  married,  ,  John  Durand,  and  died  s.p.  


xlv.     Edward   Dalhousie,   born   27th    May    1784,   died  1842,   having 

married,  16th  October  1806,  Euphemia  Louisa,  daughter  of  David  Fell  of 
Caversham  Grove,  Oxon.  She  died  1862,  having  had,  with  other  chil- 
dren who  died  young. 

xlvi.     William  Hunter,  born  21st  September   1807,  died  1844, 

having  married,   16th  May   1843,   Frances   Petersen;   he  left 
an  only  daughter  Williamina. 
xlvii.     Henry  Francis,  born  24th  July  1819. 

Branch  of  Aldie.  51 

xlviii.     Owen  Charles  Dalhousie,  born  8th  January  1823. 
xlix.     Fitzgerald  Edward  Turton,  born  1st  January  1824. 

1.     George  Arthur  Emilius.     (See  below.) 
(1.)     Louisa  Euphemia. 
(2.)     Ellen  Catherine  Margaretta,  married,   15th  May  1832,  William 

Stuart  Day,  and  died  1837,  leaving  an  only  daughter. 

(3.)     Julia  Elizabeth,  married, 1847,  Rev.  D.  S.  Halkett,  Rector 

of   Little   Bookham,   and   died  1849,   leaving   an   only 

daughter,  Katherine  Euphemia. 
(4.)     Cecilia  Louisa  Annette,  died  unmarried,  20th  May  1886. 
(5.)     Emily  Bertha. 
1.     George  Arthur   Emilius,  born  28th   May   1828,   died  —  November   1876, 

having   married,  1859,    Sibella    Mary,    daughter   of   Venerable   James 

Wilson,  Archdeacon  of  Christchurch,  New  Zealand,  and  had, 

— .     Edward  James,  born  29th  January  i860,  married,  24th  January 
1889,   Jane   Wilson,   daughter   of  Alfred    Cox   of   Merrivale, 
New  Zealand. 
— .     George  Henry  Dunbar,  born  21st  March  1862. 
— .     Charles  Frederick  Mackenzie,  born  6th  December  1864. 
— .     Philip  Hedgeland,  born  4th  July  1876. 
(1.)     Sibella  Euphemia. 
(2.)     Cecilia  Elizabeth. 
(3.)     Margaret  Louisa. 
(4.)     Rachel  Lucy. 

liii.     John  Ross,  first  of  Aldie,  burgess  of  Tain  (see  ante)    (witness,  Sasine 
19th  July  1624.     Sasine   19th  November  1628,  on  charter  to  him  by  Robert 
Munro  of  the  croft  lands  and  mill  of  Aldie.      Also   confirmation  of  charter 
under  the  Great  Seal  3d  July  1637,  by  John,  bishop  of  Ross,  to  the  same  effect). 
"John  Ross  of  Aldie,  sometime  styllit  Bone,  uncle  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Cunlich" 
(Sasine  4th   May   1654).      He  married   Bessie,   daughter  of  John   Ferguson, 
baillie  of  Tain,  "his  spouse,"  31st  October  1626.     They  had, 
liv.     John.     (See  below.) 
lxiv.     Andrew,  "son  of  John  of  Aldie,  student  in  Tain"   (Sasine  4th 
January  and  8th  March  1654). 
liv.     John,  second  of  Aldie,  burgess  of  Tain,  son  and  heir  of  his  father  in 
the  lands  of  Aldie,  22d  July  1656  (Inq.  spec.  Ross  et  Crom.),  married  Mar- 
garet,  daughter  of  William,   son   of  Andrew   Ross,   Provost   of  Tain    {MS. 
Ped.).    They  had, 

lv.     William.     (See  bcloiv.) 

lxiii.     John,  "brother  to  William  Ross,  now  of  Aldie"    (Sasine  8th 

January  1717). 

lv.     William,  third  of  Aldie  (Sasine  15th  August  1682),  Commissioner  of 

Supply  1689-90  (Acts  of  Parliament),  tenant  of  the  bishopric  of  Ross  1695-96, 

heir  of  John,  his  grandfather,  22d  May  1700   (Inq.  Gen.  xlix.  71).     Charter 

to  him  and  Sibilla  Mackenzie  his  spouse  in  liferent,  John  their  eldest  son, 

and  his  heirs-male  in  fee;  to  Thomas  their  second  son,  etc.;  whom  failing, 

52  Rossiana. 

to  Simon  their  third  son,  etc.,  of  the  half  davoch  lands  of  Balnagal,  resigned 
by  George  Ross  of  Morinchie,  confirmed  9th  March  1703  (Great  Seal). 
Sibilla  was  daughter  of  Kenneth  Mackenzie  of  Coul,  first  Bart.  (Sasine  22d 
November  1721).     They  had, 

lvi.     John,   died   unmarried   vit.  pat.,  "  jun.   of  Aldie  "    (Sasine  29th 
May    1708,    on    charter    under    Great    Seal    to    him    of    the 
superiority  of  part  of  Little  Allan). 
— .     Thomas,  died  unmarried. 
lvii.     Simon.      (See  below.) 

lxii.  David,  "son  to  William"  (Sasine  25th  March  1714,  and  1st 
April  1725),  M.D.  London,  Physician  at  Bristol.  He  mar- 
ried Rebecca,  daughter  of  Dr.  John  Middleton,  and  had  issue 
a  son,  John  Middleton,  who  died  young.  Dr.  Ross's  will 
was  dated  14th  September  1756,  and  proved  in  London  29th 
August  1759. 
(1.)     Sibilla. 

(2.)     Elizabeth,  married  Hugh  Ross  of  Brealangwell. 
(3.)     Ann,  married  John  Sutherland  of  Little  Torboll. 
lvii.     Simon  of  Rosehill,  fourth  of  Aldie.  ''son  of  William"    (Sasine  8th 
January    1717).      Commissary   Depute    of   Ross    1739.      Settlement   of   Aldie 
(Sasine    1st   April    1725. )1      He   married   Ann,   second    daughter   of   George 
Munro  of  Newmore.     They  had, 

lviii.  William,  inherited  Newmore  by  virtue  of  an  entail  made  by  his 
uncle,  Lieut.-Colonel  John  Munro,  8th  December  1747,  on 
himself  and  his  heirs  whatsoever;  on  his  eldest  sister,  Mary, 
wife  of  Gustavus  Munro  of  Culrain ;  on  his  second  sister, 
Ann,  wife  of  Simon  Ross  of  Aldie;  on  his  third  sister, 
Isobel,  wife  of  George  Gray  of  Skibo;  and  the  heirs-male  of 
their  bodies:  whom  failing,  on  their  heirs-female;  whom  all 
failing,    on    David    Ross    of    Inverchasely.      Colonel    Munro 

died   s.f>. 1/49,   also   his   eldest   sister   Mary   in    1763, 

when  the  above  William  became  "  apparent  heir  of  tailzie  and 
provision."      He  died  s.p.  9th  December   1803,   when   David 
Ross,  Lord  Ankerville,   inherited  Newmore.      (Memorial  of 
Quarics  for  Lord  Ankerville,  1804.) 
lix.     Duncan. 
lx.     Robert. 
lxi.     David.      ) 

They  are  thus  given  in  a  MS.  Fed.,  but  in  the  entail  of 
Newmore  they  stand,  George,  Robert,  Duncan.     George  died 

^Particular  Register  of  Sasines,  Inverness,  vol.  viii.  fol.  216.  Entail  of  Aldie,  under 
Great  Seal,  in  favour  of  Simon  Ross  of  Rosehill,  son  of  William  Ross  of  Aldie;  of 
David  Ross,  son  of  William;  of  William,  son  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Brealangwell  and 
Elizabeth  his  wife;  whom  failing,  to  the  other  heirs-male  of  William  and  Elizabeth 
Ross;  whom  failing,  to  William,  son  of  John  Sutherland  of  Little  Torboll,  and  the 
heirs-male  of  his  body;  to  the  heirs-male  of  Sibilla  Ross,  eldest  daughter;  whom  all 
failing,  to  the  heirs  and  assignees  whomsoever  of  the  said  William  Ross  of  the  lands 
and   mill    of  Aldie.     Dated    at    Edinburgh,   26th   July   1723. 

Br  audi  of  Nonnakiln.  53- 

unmarried  before  1764.  Robert,  Ensign  in  Colonel  Amherst's 
Regiment,  executor  to  Dr.  Ross's  will  1759,  died  unmarried. 
Duncan,  also  unmarried,  died  —  December  1764.  When  his 
eldest  and  only  surviving  brother  succeeded  to  Newmore  he 
claimed  the  estate  of  Aldie  {Petition,  21st  February  1764), 
but  dying  before  his  claim  was  allowed,  his  cousin,  John 
Middleton,  son  of  David  Ross,  M.D.,  carried  on  the  suit.1 


lxiii.  David  Ross  of  Noon  Hill,  Newnakill  or  Nonnakiln  {see  ante), 
styled  "in  Drummeddeth,  brother  to  Mr.  John  Ross"  {Reg.  P.  C.  1587-8), 
"late  portioner  of  Nonnakiln,  deceased"   (Sasine  5th  November  1630).     He 

married ,  and  left  a  son,  George.     In  1586  James  vi.  confirmed  a 

charter  by  the  late  John,  bishop  of  Ross,  granting  to  Alexander  Ross  of 
Little  Tarrell,  eldest  brother  of  the  above  David,  and  Isobell,  his  wife,  the 
lands  of  Newnakill    {Reg.  Sec.  Sig.  vol.  liv.  f.  17). 2 


lxv.     Mr.  Walter  Ross,  "  sometime  of  Little  Allan  "  styled  "  of  Fychie  " 
in  MS.  Pedigree,  "of  Eister  Little  Allan"  (Sasine  30th  April  1608),  brother 
of  deceased  Alexander,  younger  of  Little  Tarrell  {Reg.  P.  C).     He  married 
Agnes,  daughter  of  David  Ross  of  Balmachie,  and  had, 
lxvi.     Alexander.     {See  below.) 

lxxii.     Donald,  married  Bessie,  daughter  of  John  Ferguson,  baillie  of 
Tain.     They  had. 

lxxiii.     John,  who  married ,  daughter  of 

Alexander  Ross,  baillie  of  Tain,  and  had, 

lxxiv.     Donald,   who  married  ,   daughter 

of  Alexander  Munro  of  Daan,  and  had, 
lxxv.     Donald. 

lxxvi.     George,  married  Janet  ,  and  had, 

lxxvii.     Alexander,  who  married ,  and  had, 

Ixxviii.  Charles. 
lxvi.  Alexander,  "son  of  Mr.  Walter"  (Sasine  25th  March  1611),  por- 
tioner of  Little  Allan  (Sasine  30th  June  1624),  styled  "of  Eye"  {MS.  Ped.). 
He  married  Agnes,  daughter  of  Alexander  Sutherland  of  Little  Torboll,  and 
gave  a  charter  to  her  of  part  of  the  lands  of  Eister  Little  Allan,  in  the  barony 
of  Balnagown,  dated  17th  May  1624.  Alexander  "  of  the  Yie  "  died  5th  April 
1659,  and  was  buried  at  Feme  {Kal.  of  F.).  He  left, 
lxvii.    James.     {See  below.) 

1Captain  Simon  Mackenzie,  second  son  of  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  second  of  Langwell, 
eventually  inherited   Aldie,    and   added    the    name    of    Ross    to    his    own. 

2John  Ross,  portioner  of  Newnakill  (Sasine  1st  April  1625  and  10th  July  1626), 
granted  a  charter  of  part  of  Newnakill  to  Nicol  Ross  of  Cunlich  and  Alexander  his 
eldest  son.  On  19th  March  1639  he  granted  another  portion  to  Hector  Munro  in 
Tarlogie  and  Jean  Munro,  his  spouse.  Thomas  Ross,  notary,  was  portioner  of  Newnakill 
7th  July  1641  (Gen.  Reg.  of  Deeds,  vol.  532).  In  1652  Hugh  Ross  was  served  heir  to 
his  father,  Alexander  of  Pitkerie,  in  the  three  oxgang?  of  the  lands  of  Newnakill 

54  Rossiana. 

lxxi.     Alexander,  went  abroad  and  married  (MS.  Pcd.). 
lxvii.     James,  "of  Eister  Little  Allan  and  Eye"  (Sasine  5th  August  1671). 
He  married  Jean,  daughter  of  Colin  Mackenzie  of  Kincraig,  "  his   spouse  " 
(Sasine  18th  October  1700).     They  had, 

Angus.     (5.)  David.     (6.)  John.     (7.)  Simon.     (MS.  Pcd.) 
lxviii.     Charles.     (See  below.) 

lxx.     Hugh  "son  of  James"  (Sasine  2d  September  1698).     He  mar- 
ried Jean,   daughter  of  Thomas   Bain,  and  had   a  numerous 
family — (1.)    James.       (2.)    Thomas.       (3.)    Charles.       (4.) 
lxviii.     Charles,  "their  eldest  son"  (Sasine  18th  October  1700);  "servitor 
to  William  Brody  of  Whytwray,  Advocate;"  "writer  in  Edinburgh."  1703; 
"of  Ey "    (witness  Sasine  3d  May  1726).     He  obtained  a  charter  from   Sir 
David  Ross  of  Balnagown  of  the  half  davoch  lands  of  Eister  Little  Allan 

(Sasine  on  it  21st  January   1701).     He  married  ,   daughter   of 

Rory  Macleod  of   Cambuscurry,  leaving. 

Ixix.     David,  "eldest  son  of  deceased  Charles  Ross  of  Eye"   (Sasine 
4th  May  1731). 


lxxix.  Nicholas  Ross  (sec  ante).  "portioner  of  Cunlichmoir "  (witness, 
Sasine  25th  March  1611).  Charter  by  Nicol  Ross  of  Cunlichmoir  to  Alex- 
ander his  son  and  apparent  heir  of  the  half  davoch  lands  of  Newnakill 
(Sasine  on  it  1st  April  1625).  "Of  Cunlich  "  (Sasine  10th  July  1626).  He 
married  first  Katherine.  daughter  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Achnacloich  (MS.  Pcd.), 
and  had. 

lxxx.  Alexander.  (See  below.) 
lxxxii.  Hugh.  (See  post.) 
He  married,  secondly,  Margaret,  second  daughter  of  Alexander  Mackenzie, 
fifth  of  Gairloch,  "  his  spouse  "  (Sasine  20th  January  1627,  on  charter  by 
Patrick,  bishop  of  Ross,  to  him,  to  his  wife,  to  Alexander  his  son  and 
apparent  heir,  of  part  of  Newnakill,  and  Sasine  1st  April  1625  on  charter  by 
Patrick,  bishop  of  Ross,  to  him,  to  his  wife,  to  Alexander  his  son  and 
apparent  heir,  of  part  of  Newnakill,  and  Sasine  1st  April  1625  on  charter  by 
Alexander  Mackenzie,  fear  of  Gairloch,  to  the  said  Alexander,  of  half  of  the 
lands  of  Cunlichmoir  in  the  barony  of  Delnie).     They  had, 

lxxxvi.     Mr.    David,   "their   eldest   son"    (Sasine    15th    October    1624), 

"sometime    schoolmaster    at    Alness"    (witness,    Sasine    8th 

March  1649). 

lxxx.     Alexander,  "apparent  of  Cunlich  and  of  Cunlichmoir"   (Sasine  10th 

July  1626),  "of  Cunlich."  4th  May  1632.     He  obtained  part  of  Wester  Gany, 

and  died  9th  June   1648   (Kal  of  Feme),  having  married  ,  by 

whom  he  had, 

lxxxi.     Alexander,   "  fear   of   Cunlich."    1635. 
lxxxii.     Hugh    (see   ante),    "second   son   of   Nicol,   portioner   of   Cunlich- 
moir"  (Sasine  12th  June  1629).     In  the  old  MS.  Pedigree  he  is  styled  "of 

Ciulich."     He  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  Sutherland  of  Forbon, 

and  had. 

Ross  of  Little  Allan  and  Muldarg.  55 

lxxxiii.     Walter.     (See  belozv.) 

lxxxiv.     Robert,    married    ,    daughter    of    John     Sutherland    of 

Innerlaine  and  had, 
lxxxv.     John   Ross,    "  the   master   mason." 
lxxxiii.     Walter,   Provost   of  Tain,   mentioned   in   numerous   Sasines    1682- 
1702,  possibly  "Walter  Ross  of  Cowillich,  1689"   (Acts  of  Parliament).    He 
married   Elizabeth,    daughter   of  Thomas    Ross   of   Morangie,   "  his    spouse " 
(Sasine  15th  August  1682),  and  had, 

Elizabeth,  "  daughter  and  heiress  to  the  deceased  Walter  Ross, 
and  spouse  to  Captain  Donald  Macleod  of  Geanies  "  (Sasine 
3d  May  1626);  "relict"   (Sasine  27th  April  1638).     P. 


1.  John  Ross  of  Little  Allan,  obtained  a  charter  from  Thomas  Ross,  com- 
mendator  of  Feme,  "  his  relative,"  of  the  lands  of  Muldarg  and  Knockandrow, 
dated  at  Elgin,  1st  January  1582,  and  confirmed  by  James  vi.,  10th  May  1587 
(Great  Seal).  On  13th  June  1598,  Robert  Ross  in  Little  Rany  gives  caution 
not  to  harm  John  Ross  of  Muldarg  (Reg.  P.  Conn.).  He  resigned  to  George 
Ross  of  Balnagown  (17)  part  of  the  lands  of  Little  Allan,  called  Bellinger, 
who  granted  them  to  William  Innes  of  Calrossie,  and  Elizabeth  Gordon,  his 
spouse  (Sasine  24th  July  1607). 1     He  married ,  and  had, 

2.     Hugh.     (See  below.) 
[1.]     Janet,    married    John    M'Culloch    of    Kindeace,    provost    of    Tain 
(Bore-brieve   of  Alexander  Ross    (69)).     In   the    Kalender   of 
Feme  it  is  stated  that  Margaret  Ross,  wife  of  John  M'Culloch, 
died  7th  December  1629,  and  was  buried  at  Ferae. 

2.  Hugh  Ross  "apparent  of  Muldarg,"  in  1598  (Reg.  P.  Court.).  He  is 
said  to  have  had  a  daughter  Jean,  who  married  Thomas  Munro.  third  of 
Kilmorack  (Hist,  of  Munro.  Celtic  Mag.).  The  lands  of  Muldarg  must  have 
soon  passed  away  from  the  Ross  family,  for,  in  1638,  Hector  Douglas  is 
styled  "  of  Muldarg,"  his  wife  being  Janet  Ross.  His  grandson,  also  Hector 
Douglas  of  Muldarg,  served  and  retoured  to  the  deceased  Hector  of  Muldarg, 
his  uncle,  became  of  Meikle  Ranie,  and  had  for  wife  Margaret  Ross.  Their 
eldest  son,  Hector  Douglas  of  Muldarg,  sergeant  in  the  third  regiment  of 
foot  guards,  disposed  of  part  of  Little  Ranie  and  other  lands  to  David 
M'Culloch  (whose  mother  was  Isobel  Ross),  from  whom  by  charter  of 
adjudication  under  the  Great  Seal  the  town  and  lands  of  Muldarg  and  others 
passed  to  David  Ross  in  Milntown,  eldest  son  and  heir  of  the  late  Robert 
Ross  in  Fearn  (Sasine  24th  January  1751). 


1624,  June  6th,  William  Ross  "  of  Annat "  was  drowned  in  the  water  of 
Oikel,  and  was  buried  at  Feme  (Kalender).  William  Ross  "of  Annat"  was 
witness  to  Sasine  30th  June  1624,  and  again  31st  January  1628. 

throughout  the  whole  of  this  work  the  notices  of  Sasines  (unless  otherwise  stated) 
refer  to  the  Secretary's  Register  of  Sasines,  Inverness,  in  two  volumes,  commencing 
about   1606,    and   then    to   the   Particular   Register   of   Sasines,    Inverness,    from    about    1624. 

56  Rossiana. 

In  volume  45  of  Edinburgh  Testaments,  under  the  date  3d  July  1609, 
there  is  the  Will  and  Inventory  of  the  goods  pertaining  to  the  deceased 
Robert  Ross  "  in  Annat,"  in  the  parish  of  Nig  and  shire  of  Inverness,  who 

died    in    April    1602,    given    up    by    himself,    24th    April    1602.     Free    

i884,  15s.  He  discharges  all  former  Wills,  and  all  assignations  made  by 
him  to  Robert  (sic)  Ross,  his  brother  german,  or  to  any  other  person  or 
persons  preceding  the  above  date,  and  nominates  Donald  Ross,  apparent  of 
Priesthill,  executor.  Item,  to  Mariorie  Urquhart,  his  spouse,  the  profit  of 
500  merks  yearly,  during  her  lifetime;  Item,  the  said  Donald  Ross  to  be 
tutor  to  Alexander  Ross,  his  lawful  son,  and  to  the  rest  of  the  bairnes,  as 
need  shall  require;  Item,  he  leaves  to  his  natural  son,  Ferquhar  Ross,  100 
merks,  "  together  with  his  haill  wapounes  whatsomever  during  the  minoritie 
of  the  said  Alexander,  his  lawful  son.-'  which  armour  the  said  Ferquhar  is 
to  deliver  to  the  said  Alexander  when  he  attains  his  majority.  "  Item,  he 
leaves  the  tua  lasses  and  their  geir  to  their  moder,  the  said  Mariore 
Wrquhart."     Confirmed  3d  July  1609.     George  Munro  of  Tarrell  is  cautioner. 

Probably  the  same  Ferquhar  Ross,  "  in  Leachavak,"  was  witness,  16th 
April  1633,  to  Sasine  on  charter  by  Andrew  Ross,  burgess  of  Tain,  to  Alex- 
ander Ross  of  Pitkerie,  and  John  Ross  of  Aldie,  of  part  of  the  lands  of 
Leachavak  in  the  abbacy  of  Feme. 

Hugh  Ross  "  in  Annat "  was  witness  to  a  Sasine  17th  September  1640. 


1.  Farquhar  Ross   (no  paternity  given)   was  father  of 

2.  William.     (See  below.) 

3.  John  (witness  Sasine  16th  February  1654). 

2.  William  Ross  "  in  Ardgye  "  obtained  a  tack  from  David  Ross  of  Bal- 
nagown  (20)  of  part  of  the  lands  of  Ardgye  and  Bonmayres.  He  married 
Margaret  Ross  (Sasine  22d  August  1682),  and  had. 

4.  Hugh,  "eldest  son"    (witness  Sasine  5th  November  1688). 

5.  William. 

6.  Alexander  (witness  Sasine  24th  July  1682). 

Another  John  Ross  "  in  Ardgye  "  appears  as  witness  to  a  Sasine  in  1630, 
David  Ross  in  170S,  and  William  Ross  in  1717. 


The  name,  being  always  spelt  Ros  in  the  Inverness  Sasines,  was  included 
in  the  list  of  descendants  of  the  Earls  of  Ross  on  the  Key  Chart.  This 
family  was  one  of  the  numerous  families  of  Rose. 


In  1527,  James  v.  granted  the  lands  of  Ballintraid  and  others  to  Thomas 
Ross ;  no  paternity  stated.  In  1541,  Mr.  David  Dunbar,  chaplain  of  the  chap- 
lainry  of  the  Virgin  Mary,  in  the  parish  of  Kilmuir  Meddat,  granted  the 
lands  of  Priesthill  to  Thomas  Ross  of  Ballintraid  and  Elizabeth  Dunbar  his 
wife.  Thomas  Ross  appears  as  grantee  "  of  the  chappellands  of  Delny " 
(Oris-  Par.  Scot.  vol.  ii,  pt.  ii,  p.  464).  Donald  Ross  "of  Ballintraid"  died 
15th  December  1614  (Kal.  of  Feme). 

Ross  of  and  in  Ballonc.  57 

William  Ross  "in  Ballintraid "  married  Agnes  Innes,  "his  spouse" 
(Sasine  2d  August  1639,  on  precept  of  dare  constat  by  George,  Earl  of  Sea- 
forth,  to  her  in  the  lands  of  Kirkskeath).  They  had  a  daughter,  Margaret, 
spouse  to  Thomas  Dingwall  in  Knockshortie  (Sasine  15th  December  1642,  on 
charter  to  them  by  Thomas  Ross  of  Priesthill,  of  part  of  the  lands  of  Over 

David  Ross  "in  Ballintraid"  appears  as  witness  1708. 

In  the  Cromarty  registers  of  marriage,  12th  November  1712,  Alexander 
Ross  in  Ballintraid,  in  the  parish  of  Kilmure,  and  Helen  Hood,  were  booked. 


Walter  Ross  of  Shandwick  (143),  who  died  10th  June  1531,  by  one  of  his 
numerous  wives,  was  father  of  Nicholas  Ross  of  Balon. 

1.  Donald  Ross  "of  Ballone "  (no  paternity  stated)  gave  a  charter  of 
these  lands  (Sasine  on  it,  30th  June  1606)  to  his  eldest  son, 

2.  Nicholas.     (See  below.) 

3.  Hugh  (Sasine  20th  December  1606). 

4.  Walter   (Sasine  as  above),  "sons  of  Donald,  in  Ballone"  caution, 

1595   (Reg.  P.  Coun.). 

2.  Nicholas  Ross  was  father  of 

5.  Donald  Ross,  "  heir  of  Nicol  Ross  of  Bellon,  his  father,"  20th  December 
1636  (Inq.  Gen.  xv.  277),  "heir  of  his  grandfather,  Donald  Ross,  in  the  lands 
of  Bellon,"  20th  December  1636  (Inq.  Spec.  Ross  et  Crom.).  He  married 
Margaret  Mackenzie,  "his  spouse"  (Sasine  2d  September  1642,  on  charter  to 
her  of  the  liferent  of  the  lands  of  Ballone).  Donald  Ross,  "sometime  of 
Ballone,  and  Margaret  Mackenzie,  his  spouse,"  obtained  a  charter  from 
Malcolm  Ross  (41),  son  of  David  Ross  of  Pitcalnie,  of  part  of  the  lands  of 
Midganie  and  others  (Sasine  16th  November  1652),  which  lands  he  cedes 
by  charter,  in  1655,  to  Mr.  Thomas  Mackenzie  of  Inverlael.  In  1655  he  sold 
Balon  to  Mr.  William  Ross  of  Shandwick  (152). 

Walter  Ross,  son  of  Angus,  in  Bellone,  witness  to  Sasine  12th  August  1630. 

Alexander  Ross  in  Bellone  1638-50. 

Andrew  Ross  "  in  Bellone "  1642-60.  "  of  Bellone "  19th  December  1664, 
possibly  Andrew  Ross,  sixth  of  Shandwick   (154). 


I.  David  Ross  in  Edderton,  whose  paternity  is  not  stated,  obtained  from 
David  Ross  of  Balnagown  (20)  a  tack  of  part  of  the  lands  of  Edderton 
(Sasine  22d  April  1686).  He  married  Christian  Murray,  "his  spouse" 
( Sasine  3d  October  1698)  ;  they  had  a  tack  of  the  mill  of  Edderton,  renewed 
to  her,  as  a  widow,  and  to  her  eldest  son,  by  the  said  laird  of  Balnagown. 
They  had, 

2.  Arthur.     (See  below.) 

3.  David,  "brother  of  Arthur"   (Sasine  8th  February  1712).     Captain 

David,  "shipmaster  of  Dumfries"  (Sasine  10th  October  1741), 
"of  the  Isle  of  Man"  (Shandzvick  Letters).  He  was  nearly 
related  to  the  Shandwick   family,  and  kept  up  a   correspondence 

58  Rossiana. 

with  them.  One  letter,  dated  Douglas,  22d  October  1747,  written 
to  Alexander  Ross  (169),  at  Gothenburg,  begins  —  Dear  Cousen 
Shandy  —  I  have  your  most  agreeable  favour  of  12th  ult.  which 
only  came  to  hand  two  days  ago.  I  cou'd  not  imagine  what  was 
come  of  you  this  long  time.  If  I  had  known  you  had  been  at 
home  I  wou'd  certainly  have  desired  your  assistance  in  pur- 
chasing our  Teas  when  I  wrote  to  your  Broth1"  George  (172). 
.  .  .  I  remain,  my  dear  Sandy,  your  affectionate  Cousen  and 
ever  ready  servant,  David  Ross. 

2.  Arthur  Ross  "of  Rives,  and  then  of  Priesthill,  son  to  David  Ross  in 
Edderton "  (Sasine  29th  June  1696).  Charter  under  the  Great  Seal  to 
Arthur  Ross  in  Edderton  of  the  half  davoch  lands  of  Milntown  of  Westray, 
which  had  belonged  to  George,  Master  of  Ross  (Sasine  on  it  28th  February 
1710).  In  171 1  he  was  styled  of  Torray.  Roderick  M'Leod  of  Catboll  dis- 
poned to  him  the  town  and  lands  of  Priesthill  (Sasine  17th  October  1730). 
He  died  7th  October  1742,  and  was  buried  at  Edderton,1  having  married 
Jean  Ross,  "his  spouse"  (Sasine  2d  May  1721),  on  disposition  to  Arthur  and 
Jean  Ross,  by  Alexander  Bain  of  Knockbain,  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Rives. 
They  had  an  only  son, 

4.  David,  a  judge  in  1747;  he  registered  Arms  12th  June  1767,  as  follows : — 
Gn.  three  lions  rampant  arg.  armed  and  langued  az.,  within  a  border  of  the 
second  for  difference.  Crest,  a  dexter  hand  holding  a  laurel  garland  proper. 
Motto,  Nobilis  est  ira  leonis.  He  died  13th  December  1781,  having  married 
Margaret,  third  daughter  of  James  Sutherland  of  Clyne  (Sasine  on  marriage- 
contract,  10th  October  1741),  when  Arthur  Ross  disponed  to  his  son  the  lands 
of  Rives  and  others  disponed  to  him  by  Gustavus  Munro  of  Culrain.  She 
died  shortly  before  her  husband,  leaving  a  daughter, 

Jean,  married  to  Mr.  Alexander  Baillie  of  Knockbreak ;  their  son, 
William,  was  baptized  at  Tain,  20th  March  1771. 
The  property  had  been  sold  some  time  before  the  death  of  David  Ross  to 
Sir  John  Ross. 

aThe  burying-place  of  the  Rosses  of  Priesthill  is  at  the  East  end  of  Edderton 
Church.  In  the  wall  of  the  old  chapel  there  is  a  tablet  to  the  memory  of  Arthur  Ross, 
but   being   of   stucco,    the    inscription    is   nearly    obliterated:  — 

Oct.  9.  1752 

Hie  conducunt   Exuviae 

Arthuri    Ross 

de    Priesthill 

Obiit  Oct.  7  a.d.  1742 

Monumentum   hoc 
posuit  Davidus  Ross  de  Priesthill 
unicus  Filius 

Ross  of  Mid  Gany.  59 

Mr.  William  Ross  (whose  paternity  is  not  stated)  took  his  M.  A.  degree 
at  the  University  of  St.  Andrews,  13th  May  1653.  He  was  minister  at 
Edderton  for  fourteen  years,  and  dying  there,  1679,  was  buried  in  the  church- 
yard, where  a  tombstone  marks  his  resting-place.  He  appeared  as  witness 
to  Sasines  in  1666  and  1670.  Andrew  M'Culloch  of  Glastulich  disponed  to 
him  part  of  the  lands  of  Monakill,  in  the  parish  of  Rosskeen  (Sasine  1st  May 
1668).  Also  in  Edderton  churchyard  there  are  two  large  flat  stones,  side  by 
side ;  on  one,  the  Arms  of  Ross,  and  the  initials  T.  R.  above  the  shield,  and 
K.  R.  below,  with  W.  R.  and  J.  R.  at  the  upper  corners  of  the  square  on 
which  the  shield  is  cut,  and  below  the  square,  various  emblems ;  the  following 
inscription  runs  round  the  stone : —   here  lies  the  corps  of  ane  honest  man 

CALLED     THOMAS     ROSSE    DEPARTED    OCT.     I/O4,     AND     KATRINE     HIS     SPOUSE    WHO 

On  the  other  stone,  bearing  the  Arms  of  Rose,  there  is  an  inscription  in 
memory  of  Patrick  and  Issobel  Rose,  children  of  Andrew  Rose,  master  miller 
in  West  ray,  who  died  15th  January  1683.  There  is  a  tradition  that  these  two 
families  intermarried ;  very  probably  the  ancestor  of  the  "  honest  man  "  was 
Thomas  Ros  in  Mylntown  of  Westray,  and  parish  of  Eddertayne,  who  died  — 
April  1593  (Testaments  Edin.  vol.  30).  Amount  of  inventory  and  debts 
£2246,  8s.  8d.  Given  up  by  his  near  kinsman,  George  Ross  (tenth)  of  Bal- 
nagown,  administrator  to  Alexander,  Walter,  and  Donald  his  sons.  Will 
confirmed  15th  July  1597.  In  1649  (Sasine  13th  February),  David  Ross 
(twelfth)  of  Balnagown  lets  the  lands  of  Miltown  of  Westray  to  Mr.  Thomas 
Ross  of  Morangie  for  his  life,  and  nineteen  years  after. 


1.  Donald  Ross  of  Mid  Gany  was  in  all  probability  a  descendant  of 
Nicholas  Ross,  chaplain  of  Dunskaith,  19th  Abbott  of  Feme,  who  purchased 
the  estate  of  Geanies,  circa  1543  (See  Morangie).  There  is  a  complaint  made 
against  Donald  Ross,  and  many  other  persons,  24th  April  1592,  for  carrying 
off  a  certain  John  Ross  from  the  "  Chanoury  "  of  Ross,  prisoner,  to  Balna- 
gown (Reg.  P.  Conn.).  Styled  "  portioner  of  Mid  Ganies,"  he  granted  by 
charter  to  his  eldest  son,  Nicholas,  the  quarter  lands  of  Mid  Ganies  (Sasine 
30th  June  1606).  He  gave  the  sowings  of  three  bolls  of  barley  to  John 
Paterson  in  Wester  Ganies,  and  Jonet  Ross  his  spouse  (Sasine  on  charter 
16th  June  1607).     He  had, 

1.  Nicholas. 

2.  Walter. 

3.  Hugh. 

In  1631  William  Corbat  had  become  a  portioner  of  Mid  Ganies  (Sasine  on 
charter  nth  August). 

John  Corbat  of  Little  Ranie  granted  part  of  the  davoch  lands  of  Mid  Ganies, 
with  houses,  to  Malcolm  Ross  (41),  afterwards  of  Kindeace,  and  to  Katherine 
Corbat  his  spouse  (Sasine  on  charter  30th  May  1649).  In  the  Inverness 
Sasines  there  is  no  further  mention  of  Mid  Ganies  until  David  Ross,  as 
portioner  of  Mid  Ganies,  gave  a  bond  of  corroboration  of  the  quarter  lands 
of  Mid  Ganies  to  George  Ross  of  Morangie  (Sasine  17th  March  1694).  This 
David  had  two  sons,  Robert  and  James. 

60  Rossiana. 


Alexander  Clones  of  Easter  Gany  had  an  only  son  Alexander  (  Sasine  20th 
December  1606).  Walter  Ross  was  tenant  in  Easter  Gany,  and  had  a  son 
Alexander  (Sasine  nth  April  1633). 


1.  Alexander  Ross  was  "  portioner  of  Wester  Gany"  3d  August  1598 
(Reg.  P.  Conn.),  "of  West  Gany"  (witness  Sasine  30th  June  1606).  He 
died  2d  August  1608  (Kal.  of  Feme)  leaving  a  son, 

2.  Alexander,  heir-male  of  Alexander  Ross,  his  father,  portioner  of 
Wester  Gany,  in  the  town  and  davoch  lands  of  Langoll-Strathokell  13th 
March  1621  (Inq.  Spec.  Ross  ct  Crom.).  He  married  Margaret  Ross  "his 
spouse"  (Sasine  7th  June  1625),  and  had  a  son  William,  heir-male  of  his 
father  in  three-quarters  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Langoll-Strathokell 
(Retours,  3d  April   1621). 

George  Ross,  who  had  been  tenant  in  Wester  Gany,  left  a  widow,  Katherine 
Munro  (Sasine  7th  June  1625).     In  1629  an  Andrew  Ross  was  tenant. 

James  Sutherland  was  also  a  portioner  of  Wester  Gany,  having  married 
Isobell  Clunes,  who  married,  secondly,  Alexander  Ross  there  (Sasine  5th 
November  1630). 


First  Family  of  Ross  so  Styled. 

1.  George   Ross    (whose   paternity   is   not  stated)    was  called  "in  Inver- 
chasley,"  20th  February   1626,  and  "of  Inverchasley,"    19th    November    1629. 
His  eldest  son  was 

2.  Alexander,  "'portioner  of,"  25th  November  1630,  "of  Inverchasley" 
27th  December  1639;  the  last  mention  of  him  is  as  a  witness  to  Sasine 
18th  September  1650.  In  1695,  William  Sutherland,  brother  of  Alexander 
Lord  Duffus,  seems  to  have  been  in  possession  of  Inverchasley,  which  with 
other  lands  he  disponed  to  David  Ross  (50),  second  son  of  Malcolm  Ross 
of  Kindeace. 


Donald  Ross  "in  Kincardine"  (Sasine  14th  January  1625),  on  discharge 
of  reversion  by  Hugh  Ross,  fear  of  Easterfearn  (102).  He  married  Elspet 
Corbat,  and  had, 

John,  "eldest  son"  (Sasines  22d  April  1641,  and  15th  July  1642). 

Walter  Ross  "in  Kincardine"   (witness  Sasine  12th  October   1648). 

Robert  Ross  "in  Kincardine"   (witness,  16th  February  1654). 

Alexander  Ross,  Robert's  son,  "in  Kincardine"  (Sasine  4th  August  1652, 
and  29th  January  1674). 

Charles  Ross  there  1674. 

1.  Robert  Ross  "  in  Kincardine,"  witness  to  a  Sasine  9th  June  1708,  was 
a  relation  of  the  Shandwick  family;  he  married ,  and  had, 

2.  Alexander  Ross  "  in  Kincardine."     yEt.  60  in  1770. 

3.  David    Ross,    writer,    Edinburgh,    known    as    "  long    David,"    died 

s.  p. —  April  1770,  /Et.  70,  having  married  Susanna  Murray.     He 

Ross  of  Kindeace.  61 

left  some  money  to  his  cousin  William  Ross,  afterwards  of 
Shandwick  (171).  His  will  was  confirmed  in  Edinburgh  22d 
May  1770  (Commissariat  of  Edin.  Tests,  vol.  121). 

[1.]     Margaret,  eldest  daughter. 

[2.]     Janet,  living  at  Liverpool  1770. 


First  Family  of  Ross  so  Styled. 
Donald  Ross,  a  younger  son  of  Nicholas  Ross,  Abbot  of  Feme  (see  Mor- 
angie),  was  styled  "of  Litill  Kinteis ;"  there  is  no  document  to  prove  it,  but 
very  probably  he  was  father  of 

1.  Walter  Ross  "  in  Mekle  Kindeace,"  who  appears  as  witness  to  a  deed, 
28th  August  1565;  on  4th  June  1594  he  purchased  these  lands,  with  a  clause 
of  reversion,  from  James  Dunbar  of  Tarbart  and  Marjory  Ogilvie,  his  wife 
{Kindeace  Writs).  Walter  signs  the  deed  of  purchase,  "w*  my  hand  at  ye 
pen  led  be  ye  notar.  ...  at  my  speciale  comand  Because  my  self  can  no* 
wrytt."     He  married ,  and  had  a  son, 

2.  Hugh  Ross  of  Kindeace,  "  son  and  heir-apparent  of  Walter,"  28th 
August,  1565.  In  1607  he  is  styled  "  portioner  of  Little  Kindeis."  He 
obtained  a  charter  under  the  Great  Seal  of  the  lands  of  Easter  Kindeace, 
20th  July  1615,  to  hold  of  the  Crown.  He  died  5th  August  1622  (Kal.  of 
Feme),  having  married  Margaret  Gordon,  "relict  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Kindeace, 
and  now  spouse  to  Thomas  Ross  of  Risollis "  (Renunciation  of  Easter 
Kindeace  in  favour  of  Gilbert  Robertson,  17th  April  1650).  By  her  first 
husband  she  had, 

3.  Walter,  "  son  and  heir  of  the  late  Hugh  Ross,  son  of  Walter  Ross  of 
Little  Kindeis  (Sasine  8th  June  1648),  heir-male  of  his  father  in  the  house 
and  lands  of  East  Kindeace,  29th  July  1623  (Inq.  Spec.  Ross  ct  Crom.).  He 
obtained  the  lands  of  Achmoir,  in  the  barony  of  Delnie,  from  John,  Lord 
Balmerinoch  (Sasine  on  charter  15th  October  1624).  He  was  bound  over 
not  to  harm  George  Munro  of  Meikell  Tarrell,  15th  March  1593  (Reg.  P. 
Coun.).  He  disposed  of  Kindeace  to  William  Robertson,  merchant,  burgess 
of  Inverness,  and  31st  August  1649  of  Morehwater  and  Pitmaduthie,  by 
charter,  to  Gilbert  Robertson  of  Kindeace.  Sometime  "  stylit  of  Kindis,  now 
in  Easter  Rarichies  "  (Sasine  16th  February  1653).  He  died  9th  September 
1659,  and  was  buried  at  Nigg  (Kal.  of  Feme),  having  married  Barbara  Pape, 
"  his  spouse,"  1649.     He  had  a  son, 

4.  Charles,  "  son  of  late  Walter  Ross  of  Easter  Kindeis,"  15th  November 
1661    (Kindeace  Writs). 

It  has  been  impossible  to  connect  and  chronicle  in  regular  order  the  fol- 
lowing names : — 

Hugh  Ross  "  of  Kindeis."  renunciation  by  William  Fraser,  sometime  of 
Mullochie,  and  Janet  Ross,  his  spouse,  in  his  favour  of  the  south  half  of 
Easter  Kindeis  (Sasine  1st  June  1626).     He  had  a  son, 

George,  "  heir  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Kindeis  his  father  "  (Retours,  26th 
July  1643,  xvii.  270). 

62  Rossi  a  ii  a. 

William  Ross  "of  Easter  Kindeis  "  (Sasine  30th  April  1608).  The  follow- 
ing appears  to  be  his  son  — 

John,  "son  of  William  Ross,  portioner  of  Little  Kindeis"  (witness 
Sasine  1st  April  1607),  and  "son  of  William,  portioner  of  Easter 
Kindeis"  (witness,  Sasine  30th  April  1608). 

William  Ross  "  of  Kindeis,"  who  cannot  be  the  same  as  the  preceding, 
appears  as  father  of 

Charles  Ross,  writer,  Edinburgh,  who,  in  1703,  obtained  a  grant  of  Arms 
from  the  Lyon  Office  —  Gu.  3  roses  slipped  in  fees  betwixt  as  many  lioncells 
rampant  arg.  Above  the  shield  and  helmet  befitting  his  degree  mantled  gu. 
doubled  arg.  Crest,  a  fox  issuant  out  of  the  torse  with  a  rose  in  his  mouth 
proper.     Motto,  a  Rosam  ne  rode.     He  married  Barbara  Coupar,  a  relative 

of  Mr.  David   Coupar  of  New  Grange,  writer,   Edinburgh,  and  dying  

October  1706,  left  two  daughters,   who   were  served  and   retoured   as  heirs 

[1.]     Katherine,  married  David  Coupar,  writer,  Edinburgh. 
[2.]     Elizabeth,  baptized  14th  September   1683    (Edin.  Regs.). 

His  will  was  confirmed  in  Edinburgh  18th  February  1608,  his  daughters 
being  the  only  executors.  They  assigned  to  David  Ross,  writer,  Edinburgh, 
all  the  property  they  inherited  from  their  father  (Disposition  dated  15th  June 
1714,  registered  19th  September  1732,  Reg.  of  Deeds,  Mackenzie  Office,  vol. 
152).  David  Ross,  by  a  disposition  dated  16th  April  1715,  declared  that  he 
only  held  the  property  in  trust  for  David  Coupar,  and  disponed  the  same  to 

The  lands  of  Kindeace  had  long  passed  away  to  other  families.  Easter 
Kindeace,  with  the  house  and  mill  erected  by  Walter  Ross  (3)  pertained 
heritably  in  1720  to  Alexander  Duff  of  Drummuir,  and  were  by  him  ceded 
to  Alexander  Ross  (97),  late  merchant  in  Cracow.  Yet  the  descendants  of 
the  old  family  still  staled  themselves  "of  Kindeace;"  Walter  Ross,  so  desig- 
nated, is  named  in  the  settlement  made  in  1766  by  Hugh  Ross  of  Kerse 
(157)   of  his  estates. 

Donald  Ross,  "  in  Meikle  Kindeis,"  or  "  in  Kindeis,"  appears  frequently 
as  witness  to  Sasines  between  1631  and  1691. 

Alexander  Ross,  "  in  Kindeis,"  in  1633. 

Hugh  Ross,  "  in  Kindeis,"  between  1650-1671. 

Andrew  Ross,  "  in  Kindeis,"  tenant,  appears  from  1650  to  1659  when  he 
assigns  his  rights  to  Malcolm  Ross  of  Knockan  (41). 


1.  Hugh  Ross  "in  Kirkskeath,"  1607,  "of  Kirkskeath"  (Sasines  12th 
April  1617,  and  24th  May  1630),  was  nephew  of  the  late  Walter  Ross  of 
Rhiznell  (Sasine  1st  June  1648),  who  had  a  son,  William  (Sasines  30th 
April  and  5th  June  1629).  Hugh  married  Christian  Ross,  "his  spouse,"  1st 
April  1607,  and  had, 

2.  Alexander.     (See  bclozv.) 

3.  Walter,  "son  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Kirkskeath"   (Sasines  13th  August 

1630,  and  22d  March  1639). 

Ross  of  and  in  Knockbreak.  63 

4.  William,   witness   to   a   deed  3d   November    1634    (Reg.   of  Deeds. 

2.     Alexander   Ross,   second  of  Kirkskeath,    ''notary  public"    (Sasine    1st 
August    1632),    "fear    of    Kirkskeath,"    1636,    "of    Kirkskeath,"    1644.      He 
married,  first, — ,  by  whom  he  had, 

5.  Alexander.      Captain   Alexander    Ross,   of   Kirkskeath,   was   a    fre- 

quent witness  to   Sasines  between  1660  and   1693. 
He  married,  secondly,  Helen  Hoss,  "  his  present  spouse,"  by  whom  he  had, 

6.  Hugh,  "their  son"  (Sasine  12th  August,  1657). 

In  the  Tain  Registers  there  is  mention  of  Andrew  Ross  "  in  Kirkskeath," 
whose  daughter  Christian  was  baptized  5th  March  1725. 


William  Ross  "  of  Knockbreak,"  3d  November  1679.  His  eldest  daughter, 
Janet,  married  John  Sutherland  of  Meikle  Torbo  (Sasine  on  marriage-con- 
tract, by  which  the  said  Janet  was  infeft  in  a  liferent  annuity).  Walter 
Ross,  Provost  of  Tain,  and  Mr.  Robert  Ross,  of  Logie,  witnesses. 

Hugh  Ross,  "  tacksman  of  Knockbreak,"  died  before  2d  March  1733, 
leaving  Donald,  his  eldest  son,  "  tacksman  in  the  Hill  of  Tain,"  who  became 
excise  officer  in  Tain,  and  married  Mary  Munro  (Sasine  2d  July  1754). 
From  Roderick  M'Culloch  of  Glastulich  he  obtained  a  precept  of  clare  constat 
of  an  annual  rent  from  the  lands  of  Little  Reynie  (Sasine  20th  July  1745). 

Katherine,   daughter  of  the  above   Hugh  Ross,   married  1739   her 

relative,    Donald   M'Lendris,   who   was   born  1713,   and  assumed   the 

name  of  Ross  at  the  same  time  as  his  brother  David.     (See  165).     She  died 

at  Aldie  1771,  and  he  December  1765 ;  they  had, 

1.     David,  born  7th  August  1740;  he  succeeded  his  uncle,  the  above- 
named  David,  as   commissary-clerk  of   Ross,   and  town-clerk  of 
[1.]     Margaret,  died   1759. 

[2.]     Elspat,  married  Donald  Ross,  tacksman  in  Milne  of  Hiltoun,  and 

Hugh,     baptized     at     Tain     loth     February     1769.       Witness, 

Mr.  David  Ross,  town-clerk. 
David,   baptized    1st    March    1784.     Witnesses,    Captain   David 
Ross,  and  David  Ross,  commissary-clerk. 
[3.]     Katherine,  married  William  Ross. 
[4.]     Marjory,  died  1793,  having  married  David  Taloch. 
[5-]     Mary,  died  1790,  having  married  James  Ross. 
In  the  churchyard  at  Edderton  there  is  an  enclosure,  in  which  there  is  a 
marble    slab    with    the    following    inscription:  —  Here    are    deposited    in    the 
burying-place   of  his    forefathers  —  The   mortal   remains   of    Hugh    Ross    of 
Knockbreak —  who  departed  this  life  on  the  12th  March  1822  —  JEtatis  LII. 


1.  William  Ross,  master  mason  in  Knockgartie,  died  before  21st  July 
1696,  leaving  a  widow,  Christian  Munro,  "his  spouse"  (Sasines  2d  October 
1656,  and  16th  March  1668),  by  whom  he  had, 

64  Rossiana. 

2.  Donald    Ross    "of    Knockgartie,"    their    eldest    son     (Sasines    14th 

June  1675,  and  2d  March  1695)  ;  "  late  of  Knockgartie,  now  in 
Rosskein "  (Sasine  30th  January  1699).  Sir  David  Ross  of 
Balnagown  (14)  granted  him  a  charter  of  the  lands  of  Little 
Allan  (Sasine  21st  July  1676). 

3.  Walter,   mason,  made  a   disposition   of  the   lands  of  Knockgartie, 

Tormoir,  and  others  in  the  barony  of  Balnagown,  to  James 
Ross,  town-clerk  of  Nairn,  which  lands  were  impignorat  by 
Mr.  Thomas  Rigg  of  Eddernie  and  the  late  David  Ross  of 
Balnagown  for  5000  merks  to  William  Ross,  master  mason,  and 
were  by  him  disponed  in  liferent  to  his  spouse  and  to  his 
children  in  fee  (Sasine  21st  July  1696).  Walter  became  "of 
Achyhyll,  Achyle,  or  Achayeil "  (witness  to  a  Sasine  18th 
August  170S).  He  died  before  2d  April  1723,  having  married 
Margaret  Bayne,  by  whom  he  had  three  sons,  Andrew,  Donald 
and  Charles. 

4.  David. 

5.  Alexander. 

[1.]     Agnes,  married  John  Mackenzie  in  Milntown    (Sasine   10th  Febru- 
ary 1697). 
[2.]     Helen,  married  Walter  Ross,  in  Milntown,  mason. 
[3.]     Issobell,  married  Robert  Lillic.  gardener  in  Tain. 


1572,  William  Ross,  Thomason  (sic  in  Fasti)  exhorter  at  Logie  Easter  1567- 
1574;  Newynkill,  Kincardin,  Kilmur  Easter,  and  Logy  Easter  were  under 
him,  he  sustaining  the  reader  (Fasti  Reel.  Scot.). 

1.  Hugh  Ross1  "of  Logy,"  whose  mother  was  Marjory  Dunbar,  and  who 
died  before  15th  December  1572  (Reg.  Sec.  Sig.  vol.  xli.  fol.  26),  leaving 
Elizabeth  Cumming,  "  his  relict."  If  the  paternity  given  in  the  Fasti  of  the 
above  William  be  correct,  Hugh  Ross  of  Logy  was  not  the  father  of, 

2.  William  Ross  "  in  Log}-,"  who  obtained  a  charter  from  John,  Bishop 
of  Ross,  to  him  and  Margaret  Munro.  his  spouse,  of  the  lands  of  Logy  in 
the  barony  of  Nig,  in  conjunct  fee  and  liferent,  and  to  the  heirs-male  of  their 
body.  Dated  at  Canonry  of  Ross  1st  April  1567,  Mr.  Thomas  Ross,  rector  of 
Alnes,    witness.2     Confirmed    by    James    vi.    at    Falkland,    3d    August    1586 

(Great  Seal,  xxxvi.  136).     He  died  . —  November  1592;  in  his  will  he  is 

described  as  "  of  Logy,  parson  of  Roskeen,"  his  son  Alexander  was  executor, 
the  amount  of  free  gear  being  £445,  10s.  2d.  His  will  was  confirmed  28th 
July  1598,  Ferquhar  Munro,  portioner  oi  Little  Kindeis,  being  cautioner 
(Commiss.  of  Rdin.  Tests,  vol.  32).    He  was  succeeded  by, 

Correction,  for  which  I  am  indebted  to  Mr.  D.  Murray  Rose. —  Hugh  Ross,  called  by 
me  first  of  logy,  was  Hugh  Rose,  son  of  John  Rose,  first  of  Ballivat,  by  Marjory  Dunbar. 
He  was  murdered  in  1572,  his  widow  Elizabeth  Cumming,  being  alive  in  15S6.  On  16th 
September  1572  the  Regent  Morton  wrote  to  Kilravock  to  protect  the  children  of  Hugh  of 
Logy,  "  his  kynnisman."  F.  N.  R. 

sThis   Mr.   Thomas    Ross   seems   not  to   be   mentioned   in   the   Fasti. 

Ross  of  Logy  or  Logic.  65 

3.  Alexander  Ross  "of  Logy,"  2d  January  1601  (Reg.  P.  Conn.),  "son  of 
the  late  William."  6th  July  1610;  he  married ,  and  had, 

4.  Thomas.     (See  below.) 

[1.]     Elizabeth,  who  is  said  to  have  married  John  Munro  of  Aldie. 

4.  Thomas  Ross  of  Logy,  with  consent  of  William  Ross  his  eldest  son 
and  Donald  his  second  son,  gave  a  charter  of  the  lands  of  Logie  Easter  to 
Mr.  David  Ross,  minister  at  Logie  (181)  (Sasine  30th  May  1630),  and,  2d 
April  1633,  a  charter  to  Christian  Ross,  his  spouse,  of  a  liferent  in  part  of 
the  lands  of  Culkengie;  in  Sasine  22d  December  1636  she  is  styled  his 
relict ;  they  had, 

5.  William,    apparent    of    Logie    (Sasine    12th    June    1624),    "heir    of 

William  Ross  of  Logie,  his  guidsir,"  21st  October  1649  (Inq. 
Gen.  xxiv.  79),  "heir  of  Thomas  Ross  of  Logie,  his  father," 
7th  January  1635  (Inq.  Gen.  xv.  160).  Most  probably  he  mar- 
ried Issobell  Sutherland  (Sasine  12th  August  1634).  On  Logie 
passing  to  another  family,  there  seems  to  be  no  further  notice 
of  him. 

6.  Donald.     (Sec  below.) 

[i.j  Katherine.  married  to  Hugh  Ross  of  Kilravock  (Sasine  15th  April 
1625),  charter  from  Simon,  Lord  Lovat,  of  a  liferent  to  her  in 
the  lands  of  Wester  Leyis. 

6.  Donald.  "  second  son."  Cliarter,  dated  at  Logie  16th  April  1627,  to 
him  from  his  father  of  half  of  the  church  lands  of  Priesthill,  and  in  1630 
of  the  lands  of  Dalnaclevach.  In  1632  Donald  ceded  the  lands  of  Priesthill 
to  Andrew  Munro  of  Delnies.  He  obtained  a  charter  from  Isabella  and 
Margaret  Sutherland,  with  consent  of  William  Poss  her  spouse,  to  him  and 
his  wife.  Janet  Mackenzie,  of  the  lands  of  Torranliah  (Sasine  12th  August 
1634),  and  was  thereafter  styled  "of  Torranliah;  "  they  had. 

7.  Alexander.      (See  below.) 
[1.]     Elizabeth. 

7.  Alexander,  "  son  to  Donald  Ross  of  Torranliah  "  (witness  Sasine  16th 
March  1665);  "commissar  depute  of  Ross"  (Sasine  8th  July  1681);  "late 
commissar  depute,"  20th  October  1686,  and  9th  September  1695.  He  mar- 
ried   ■ ,  and  had, 

8.  Walter.     (See  belozv.) 

9.  David,  writer,  Edinburgh,  died February  1718. 

8.  Mr.  Walter  Ross,  minister  at  Kilmuir  Easter,  heir  special  to  his 
grandfather,  Donald  Ross  of  Torrenliah.  Executor  and  nearest-of-kin  to 
his  father,  and  to  his  brother  David.  His  father's  will  confirmed  first  6th 
December  1721,  and  again  21st  January  1726  (Commiss.  Edin.  Tests,  vols. 
88.  90).  He  studied  at  Aberdeen,  was  ordained  15th  September  1715,  and 
died  29th  December  1733,  having  married  Katharine  Wilson,  who  married 
secondly,  Mr.  Daniel  Beton,  minister  of  Rcsskeen  (Fasti  Eeel.  Scot.). 
Mr.  Walter  "was  held  of  high  repute  in  Ross  and  Cromarty"   (Old  Letter). 

66  Rossiana. 


i.  David  Ross,  "portioner  of  Meddat "  (Sasine  226.  August  1626),  "por- 
tioner  of  Meikle  Meddat "  19th  June  1627,  "  in  Meddat,  portioner  of 
Pitcalzean,"  13th  March  1653.  was  perhaps  the  second  son  of  Walter  Ross, 
third  of  Balmachy  (193).     He  married  Mary  Urquhart.  and  had, 

2.  Colin,   "son  and   heir   to    David   Ross    in    Meddat"    (Sasine   27th 

January  1676). 

3.  Walter  "  Davidson  in  Meddat,"  22d  May  1663. 

4.  Robert,   "  son  to  deceased   David   Ross   in   Meddat "    (Sasine    15th 

May  1650).  Heir  of  David  Ross,  sometime  in  Meddat,  his  father 
(Retours,  2d  September  1685).  On  18th  March  1716,  he  is 
described  as  "now  in  Bellendrumy ;  "  his  eldest  son  was  named 
David  (Sasine  8th  March  1710). 
In  the  Sasine  of  15th  May  1650,  George  Ross  in  Meddat,  witness,  is  also 


Alexander  Ross,  styled  "of  Midfairne "  (Sasine  12th  August  1634), 
obtained  in  1637  from  Robert  Gray  of  Creich  the  renunciation  of  the  easter 
half  of  the  davoch  lands  of  Wester  Fairnie  (Sasine  29th  May).  In  1638, 
he  had  a  brother  Donald  living.  He  married  Issobell,  daughter  of  Mr.  John 
Mackenzie  of  Balmaduthie,  and  by  charter  gave  her  the  liferent  of  his  lands. 
From  a  Sasine  dated  13th  March  1640  it  would  appear  that  Alexander  was 
a  portioner  of  Drugellie,  thus  designated  he  and  his  wife  were  infeft  in  the 
lands  of  Keandruife.  Their  daughter,  Martha,  is  said  to  have  married  George, 
seventh  son  of  William  Munro,  third  of  Achany.  In  1624  there  was  an 
Alexander  Ross  in  Wester  Ferae,  and  Hugh  "his  brother  german  "  (witness, 
Sasine  9th  June  1625). 

Also  Robert  Ross,  and  David,  son  of  William  Ross  in  Midfairnie,  witnesses 
to  Sasines  between  1638  and  1649. 


1.  Alexander  Ross,  chaplain  of  Dunskaith.  This  chaplainry  was  founded 
by  James  II.  in  the  parochial  church  of  Tain,  between  1456  and  1458;  in  1487 
it  was  annexed  as  a  prebend  to  the  collegiate  church  which  he  founded  at 
Tain  (Exchequer  Roll,  227).  Alexander  Ross  was  presented  to  the  chap- 
lainry, "  vacant  by  the  incapacity  or  demission  of  Sir  John  Poilson,  chanter 
of  Caithness,"  13th  June  1500  (Privy  Seal  Reg.  vol.  i,  fol.  126).  A  long  and 
fruitless  search  has  been  made  to  discover  the  paternity  of  the  above  Alex- 
ander. It  is  not  unlikely  that  he  was  descended  from  the  Shandwick  family, 
as  Walter  Ross  of  Shandwick  (143),  who  died  1531.  had  a  wadset  of  the 
town  and  chaplainry  of  Dunskaith ;  his  second  son  being  William  Ross  of 
Culnahall  (190),  a  property  afterwards  belonging  to  the  Morangie  family. 
In  a  contract  made,  23d  March  1546-7,  between  'Alexander  Ross,  ninth  of 
Balnagown  (16),  on  the  one  part,  and  William  Hamilton  of  Sanchar,  Knight, 
and  others,  on  behalf  of  James,  Commendator  of  Feme,  on  the  other, 
regarding  certain  property  of  the  abbey,  "  Sir  Nicholas  Ross."  son  of  the 
above  Alexander,  is  styled  "  cousin  to  Alexander  Ross  of  Balnigown  "  (Acta 

Ross  of  Morangie.  67 

Dom  Con.  et  Sess.  vol.  xxiii.  fol.  32).     Alexander,  the  chaplain,  died  before 
20th  February  1543,  and  was,  as  already  stated,  father  of 

2.  Nicholas  Ross,  who  in  1533  had  been  named  chaplain  of  Dunskaith. 
He  was  presented  by  Queen  Mary,  in  1549,  to  the  provostry  of  the  collegiate 
church  of  Tain,  and  to  the  annexed  vicarage,  when  they  should  become 
vacant  (Privy  Seal,  vol.  xxii.  fol.  91).  He  resigned  the  provostry  in  1567, 
and  became  the  nineteenth  abbot  of  Feme.  He  sat  in  the  Parliament  held 
at  Edinburgh  in  August  1560,  and  voted  for  the  abolition  of  the  Roman 
Catholic  religion.  Letters  of  legitimation  were  granted,  20th  February  1543, 
to  Nicholas  Ross,  "  bastard  natural  son  of  the  late  Alexander  Ross,  chaplain 
of  Dunskaith"  (Great  Seal),  and,  20th  December  of  the  same  year  he 
obtained  letters  of  legitimation  for  his  four  sons,  Nicholas.  William,  Donald, 
and  Thomas,  when  purchasing  from  Balnagown  the  estate  of  Geanies  to  settle 
on  them.  By  a  deed,,  dated  24th  March  1544,  at  the  collegiate  church  of  Tain, 
with  consent  of  Queen  Mary,  the  Earl  of  Arran,  Bishop  Leslie,  John  Thorn- 
ton, provost,  and  the  prebendaries,  he  granted  his  lands  of  Dunskaith  to  his 
son  Nicholas,  and  the  heirs-male  of  his  body,  with  remainder  to  his  sons 
William  and  Donald,  and  their  heirs-male;  to  his  son  Thomas  and  his  heirs- 
male;  whom  failing,  tc  the  eldest  heir-female  of  Thomas;  whom  all  failing, 
to  the  heirs  of  Nichoas  whomsoever  (Orig.  Par.  Scot,  vol  ii.  part  ii.  p.  422). 1 
"  The  xvii  day  of  September  the  year  of  God  1569,  nicolas  Ros,  comedator 
of  ferae,  provest  of  tane  decessit,  quhom  God  assolze  "  (Kal.  of  Feme).  He 
was  buried  in  the  abbey,  to  the  north  of  the  choir,  leaving, 

3.  Nicholas.     (See  below.) 

4.  William,  of  whom  there  appears  to  be  no  further  notice. 

5.  Donald,   styled  "  of  Litill   Kinteis.''     He   obtained  a   charter,   from 

his  brother  Nicholas,  of  part  of  the  lands  of  Dunskaith,  in  life- 
rent, dated  and  subscribed  by  the  grantor  at  Pitcallene  in  Ross 
25th  June  1571.     (Pitcalnie  Papers.) 

6.  Thomas.     (See  post.) 

[1.]  ...  daughter,  married  as  first  wife  John  Ross  or  Reid,  in  Annat, 
styled  "  brother  of  abbot  Thomas ;  "  he  married  secondly  Ellen 
Jameson,  who  died  7th  March  1590  (Kal.  of  Feme).  By  his 
first  wife  he  had  a  son,  Thomas  Ross,  alias  Reid,  to  whom  in 
J574  James  VI.  granted  the  chaplainry  of  Morangie  for  his 
education  "at  the  sculis  "  (Privy  Seal,  xlvii.  12).  On  "the  xxij 
of  deceber  1591  Thomas  Ross  alias  reid  deptit  in  tane; 
he  wes  ye  abat  of  fernis  syster  sone ;  &  wes  sustenit  by  ye  said 
abat  ay  sin  he  wes  fowir  yeir  of  age  &  at  ye  scewlis  "  (Kal.  of 

3.  Nicholas  Ross  "of  Dunskaith"  (Charter  25th  June  1571),  "of  Cul- 
nahaw"  1595.  In  1583,  November — "The  viij  day  of  this  instand  beand 
fryday  Capitane  James  Ross  brodyr  sone  to  ye  lard  of  achlossin  and  patrick 

1From  Reg.   Sec.   Sig.   xxxviii.   fol.   101,   it   would   seem  that  the   abbot   had   two   sons 
who    bore    the    name    of    Thomas  —  Gift    to    Isobel    Ros,    reiict    of    Thomas    Ros,    of    the 

escheat  of  the  late  Thomas  Ros,   son  to  Ros.   abbot  of   Feme,   at   the  horn   for  not 

paying   Andrew    Munro,   chamberlain   of  the   diocese  of   Ross,    the    tiends   of   Easter    Gany 
and   Tarrell  for  1569-70.     At   Leith,   10th  July   1571. 

68  Rossiana. 

Yvat  with  him  wer  slane  in  tane  in  andro  rossis  chalmir  at  viij  horis  afore 
none  be  nicolas  ross  and  waiter  ross  w*  yair  coplesis  "  (Kal.  of  Feme).  For 
this  murder  he  obtained,  under  the  Great  Seal  14th  August  1595.  a 
remission  — "  Nicolao  Ross  de  Culnahaw  et  Waltero  Ross  de  Intumecarrach 
fratribus  (sic)1  Willielmi  Ross  de  Invercharron  pro  parte  interfectionis 
Capitani  Jacobi  Ross." 

6.  Thomas  Ross  "of  Culnahall  "  (Statist.  Aec.  of  Scot.),  burgess  of 
Forres,  parson  of  Alness.  He  appears  as  provost  of  the  collegiate  church 
of  Tain  in  1550,  and  between  1561-66,  appointed  by  John  Leslie,  bishop  of 
Ross.  Queen  Mary  confirmed  the  presentation  when  the  provostry  should 
become  vacant  by  the  decease  of  Nicholas,  commendator  of  Feme  (Ratifica- 
tion 13th  May  1567,  Reg.  See.  Sig.  xxxvi.  fol.  41).  He  became  the  twentieth 
abbot  of  Feme  in  1566,  three  years  before  his  father's  death.  In  the  abbey 
he  built  a  new  hall,  chambers,  cellar,  pantry  and  kitchen,  and  near  it  a  mill. 
In  1569  he  fell  out  with  Alexander  Knv>.  ninth  of  Balnagown,  and  in  conse- 
quence retired  to  Forres.  He  appears  to  have  led  an  unquiet  life  there;  in 
1586  the  magistrates  warn  him  "  furth  of  the  common  land  revin  by  him  from 
the  mureshed ;  "  and  he,  with  his  servants,  are  sued  by  John  Anderson,  6th 
April  1590,  "for  slaying  his  bred  gevis  " — fat  goose  (Burgh  Records,  Forres 
Council  Book).  In  1580  he  complained  of  cruelties  committed  by  Alexander 
of  Balnagown  in  exacting  moneys  from  some  of  his  tenants  (Reg.  P.  Coun.). 
Andrew  Ross  of  Shand'wick  became  surety  for  him  in  £roco  not  to  harm 
John  Denune  of  Catboll,  signed  at  Feme  27th  August  1594,  before  Mr.  Robert 
Ross,  minister  of  Alness,  and  others  (Reg.  P.  Coun.).  Resigning  his 
appointments  in  1584,  James  VI.  granted  the  abbacy  and  provostry  for  life 
to  his  son  Walter  Ross  (Reg.  P.  Coun.).  The  abbot  died  in  Tain.  14th 
February  1595,  and  was  buried  in  St.  Nicholas  aise,  having  married  Isobel, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Kinnaird  of  Cowbin,  or  Culbowie;  she  was  buried 
in  the  same  grave  as  her  husband,  5th  October  1603. — "  Obitus  Isobelle 
Kinnard  sponse  Mri  thome  ros  abbatis  feme  apud  tane  et  sepultse  in  fearne  " 
(Kal.  of  Feme).  By  her  will  she  nominated  Walter,  her  eldest  son,  her 
only  executor,  and  left  bequests  to  her  daughter  Barbara  and  her  son 
William.  Will  confirmed,  13th  February,  1603-4.  William  Sinclair  of  May 
is  cautioner  (Edinb.  Tests,  vol.  xlii.).  The  testament-dative  and  inventory 
of  the  goods  of  Abbot  Thomas  were  given  up  by  William  his  son,  and 
Barbara  his  daughter,  spouse  to  Andrew  Moresone,  collector  of  the  north 
parts  of  Scotland,  executor.  The  free  gear  amounted  to  £1878,  7s.  iod.  Will 
confirmed,  2d  February  1597-58  (Commiss.  of  Edin.  Tests,  vol.  xxxi.).  He 

7.  Walter.     (See  below.) 

8.  William,  "  son  of  Mr.  Thomas,  the  abbot,"  born  at  Pitlary, —  October 

1574  (Kal.  of  Feme).  In  1586  King  James  granted  him  the 
chaplainry  of  Morangie  for  life,  then  held  by  his  brother  Walter. 
Styled  "burgess  of  Tain"  (Sasine  19th  November  1629).     From 

'So  the  word  reads  in  one  copy.  In  the  Index,  Signet  Library,  40,  241,  it  is 
fratrem,  in  the  "  praeceptum  remissionis  "  (Reg.  See.  Sig.  Ixvii.  196),  it  is  fratris  instead 
of   fra.ri,   which   should   refer   only   to    Walter   Ross. 

Ross  of  Morangie.  69 

a  Sasine  ist  May  1668.  "William  Ross  Abatsone,  burgess  of 
Tain,"  appears  to  have  been  living,  aged  94.  He  probably  had 
a  son  "  Alexander  Williamson,  burgess  of  Tain  "  (witness, 
Sasine  ist  April   1629). 

9.  Andrew,    "burgess    of    Tain"     (witness,    Sasine    3rd    May    1608). 

Charter  of  confirmation  to  him,  styled  "  de  Morinschie,"  and  to 
other   burgesses   of   Tain,   of   the   mill    of   Aldie.    22d   June    1609 
{Great  Seal).1 
[1.]     Barbara,   who   received    from    her    father   £1000   of   tocher    (Durgli 
Records,   Forres),    and   married    Andrew    Moreson.     She    had    a 
daughter,  Barbareta,  who,  both  her  parents  being  deceased,   was 
(Sasine  2d  August   1639)   wife  to  Kenneth  M'Kenzie,  burgess  of 
Dingwall,  who  died  before  1666,  and  was  second  sou  of  Mr.  John 
M'Kenzie,    first    of    Towie.     They    had   two    daughters,    Barbara 
and    Annabella,    co-heiress    of   their   mother;    their   only   brother 
was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Worcester. 
7.     Walter  Ross,  first  of  Morangie,  "  son  and  heir  of  Mr.  Thomas,  burgess 
of  Forres  "  24th  April  1587.     In  1580  James  VI.  granted  him  the  chaplainry 
of  Morangie  for  seven  years,  and  in  the  same  year  the  abbacy  of  Feme  and 
provostry  of  Tain,   reserving  the  liferent   of  both   to   his    father;   he   was   the 
21st  and  last  commendator  of  Fernc.     He  obtained  a  charter  of  Easter   and 
Wester  Morinches,  ist  December  1591,  and  of  other  abbey  lands,  24th  March 
1592  (Great  Seal).     Like  his  father  he  gave  a  bond  not  to  harm  John  Denune 
of  Catboll,  Walter  Ross,  apparent  of  Bellamochie,  being  his  cautioner,  Edin- 
burgh, 2d  September  1594   (Reg.  P.  Conn.).     In  1596  there  was  a  complaint 
of  oppression  made  against  him  by  Grissell  Dunbar,  relict  of  David  Ross  cf 
Little  Rany     I  Reg  P.    Cowl).     In    1626-29   he   appears   as   burgess   of   Tain, 
and   in    1644  as   "  Walter   Ross   of  Moringie,"   on   the   valuation    roll   of   the 
sheriffdom  of  Inverness  and  Ross.     The  date  of  his  death  is  uncertain.     He 
married   first   Janet   Ross,   who   died   at   Feme,   2d   September    1600    (Kal.    of 
Feme):2     By  her  he  had  three  children, 

10.  Mr.  Thomas.     (See  below.) 
10b.  Hugh. 

[1.]     Isobell,  "eldest  daughter"   (Sasine  ist  May  1626),  married  Hugh 
Ross  of  Easterfern  (102).     P. 
He  married  secondly,  Alesone  Qephane,  "spouse  to  Walter"   (Sasine  19th 
November  1629),  and  had, 

11.  John,  "eldest  son  and  heir  apparent  of  Walter  Ross  and  Alesone 

Clephane  "    (Sasine   8th    October    1633).     Charter    to    him    from 

Andrew  is  not  mentioned  in  the  will  of  Abbot  Thomas,  or  in  that  of  his  wife. 
There  is  no  proof  of  his  being  their  son.  He  is  probably  the  Andrew  Ross,  burgess  of 
Tain,  who,  in  1604,  having  married  Mary,  daughter  of  John  M'Gilendris,  gave  a 
discharge  to  his  father-in-law   for  400   marks,   his  wife's   tocher. 

2The  testament-dative  and  inventory  of  goods  were  given  up  by  her  said  husband, 
as  father  and  lawful  administrator  to  their  three  children.  Free  gear  —  £828,  13s.  4d. 
She  was  owing  to  Walter  Ros  Johnston,  grieve,  for  his  year's  fee,  anno  1600,  £20.  Will 
confirmed,  1st  May  1602.  Andrew  Moresoun,  collector  depute  for  the  north,  is  cautioner. 
(Edinb.    Tests,   vol.    xxxvi.) 

yo  Rossiana. 

his  father  of  the  lands  of  Easter  and  Wester  Morinchies,  dated 
at  Tain  "th  November  1629.     Styled  "  fiar  of  Morinchies  "  1640, 
"apparent   of"    (Sasine  8th  June    1648).   and,   as   a   witness    to 
Sasine  31st  January    1663,   "  Abatsone,  burgess   of  Tain."     {See 
10.     Mr.  Thomas  Ross,  second  of  Morangie.  "  eldest  lawful  son  to  Walter  " 
(Sasine  8th  October  1633).     Charter  to  him  of  the  lands  of  Morinchies  19th 
December  1636  {Great  Seal).     Burgess  of  Tain  1639.     He  died  13th  Septem- 
ber  1658   (Kal.   of  Feme),   having  married   first,  .     By   her   he 

appears  to  have  had  a  son, 

12.     Walter,  "son  of  Mr.  Thomas"    (witness  Sasines   10th  April,  20th 
June.  7th  October  1650).     Walter  had  a  son,  William,  but  neither 
of  them  seem  to  have  inherited  the  lands. 
He  married  secondly.  Jean  Stewart,  "his  spouse"  (Sasine  15th  April   [652)  ; 
"his  relict"   (8th  August  1666),  by  whom  he  had. 

13.  George.     {See  below.) 

14.  Alexander.    "  second    son    of    the    second    marriage "    (Sasine    8th 

August  1666). 

15.  David  (Sasine  20th  February  1667). 

[1.]     Elizabeth,    married    Walter   Ross,   provost   of   Tain,    "his    spouse" 
(Sasine    15th   August   1682).     (It  is   doubtful   whether   she   was 
a  daughter  of  the  first  or  second  marriage.) 
13.     George  Ross,  third  of  Morangie,  "son  of  Mr.  Thomas,  son  of  Walter" 
{Retoars) .    Heir  of  provision  of  the  second  marriage  of  Mr.  Thomas  Ross 
of  Morangie.   his   father    {Inq.   Gen.   8th   February    1698).     Charter   of   con- 
firmation  to   him   of  the   lands   of    Inverbreakie,   4th    February    1687    {Great 
Seal).     He  was  of  age  in  or  before  1643.     He  was  commissioner  of  supply 
for  Ross-shire  1685-86   (Acts  of  Pari).     About  1672  he  registered  Arms  at 
the  Lyon  Office  —  Mr.  George  Ross  of  Morinchie,  descended  of  Balnagown, 
G11.  3  Iioncells  rampant  between  as  many   stars  arg.     Next  is  placed  on  one 
torse  for  his  crest  a  foxhead  couped  prop.     Motto  —  Spes  aspera  levat.     He 
died  7th  April   1703,  having  married  first,  Elizabeth  Innes,  by  whom  he  had. 

16.  George,  baptized  18th  September  1685,  in  Edinburgh,  who  probably 

died  young. 

17.  William.     {See  belozv.) 

18.  Thomas,  called  second  son  in  his  father's  will. 
[1.]     Anna,   baptized  19th   April    1684    (Edinb.   Reg.). 

He  married  secondly,  Helen,  daughter  of  the  late  John  Rose,  fifth  of 
Blackhills;  "now  spouse"  (Sasine  20th  November  1694,  making  provision 
for  the  children  if  any). 

By  his  will  he  appointed  his  eldest  son  only  executor,  and  his  worthy 
friends,  cousins,  and  relations  as  tutors  and  curators  to  his  children,  viz. : 
George  Munro  of  Newmore,  John  Ross  of  Achnacloich,  Walter  Ross,  provost 
of  Tain,  and  James  Ross  in  Culliss.  Confirmed  31st  January  1718  {Commiss. 
of  Edinb.   Tests.). 

17.  William  Ross,  fourth  of  Morangie,  baptized  in  Edinburgh,  14th  August 
1688,  was  by  profession  a  writer.  Eldest  son  of  the  first  marriage  of  deceased 
George  Ross  of  Morangie,  26th  July   1714   (Great  Seal).     Served  heir  to  his 

Ross  of  Morangie.  yi 

father  in  the  lands  of  Dibbedale  in  the  parish  of  Kincardine,  ioth  May  1726. 
About  the  same  time  he  disposed  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Easter  and  Wester 
Morangie,  in  the  parish  of  Tain,  to  David  Ross  of  Inverchasley.  He  married 
,  and  had, 

19.  John. 

20.  William.      (See  below.) 

20.  William  Ross,  a  merchant  at  Liverpool,  who  died  13th  July  1804,  having 
married,  26th  January  1768,  Nancy  Horner,  by  whom  he  had, 

21.  Henry.      (See  belozv.) 

22.  William.     (See  post.) 

23.  Arthur,  died  s.  p. 

21.  Henry,  merchant  at  Liverpool,  who  died  27th  March  1856,  having 
married,  15th  May  1799.  Eleanor,  daughter  of  James  Moore,  Mayor  of  Lan- 
caster.    She  died  20th  February  1826,  leaving, 

24.  James  Moore,  died  s.  p. 

25.  Wiliam  Horner,  died  s.  p.  1838. 

26.  Henry,  Solicitor  in  London,  died  s.  p.  1845. 

27.  Stephen.     (See  belozv.) 

[1.]     Mary,  married  to  W.  T.  Vane,  Mayor  of  Lancaster,  and  died  1881. 

27.  Stephen   Ross,  baptized  at  St.  James's,  Liverpool  ,  and 

died  4th  October  1869,  having  married,  9th  April  1833,  Charlotte,'  daughter  of 
William  Harrison.     They  had, 

28.  Henry  Ross,   of  Dallas   House,   Lancaster,   LL.  D.,   born  1834, 

married,  at  Port  Louis  Mauritius,  Amelie  Rachel,  second  daughter  of  the 
Rev.  J.  G.  Bichard,  and  has 

29.  Henry  Harrison  Stockdale. 

30.  Stephen  John. 
[1.]     Amelia  Charlotte. 
[2.]     Henrietta  Mabel. 

22.  William  Ross  (see  ante)  settled  in  America,  and  married  at  Washing- 
ton, North  Carolina,  Jackey,  daughter  of  John  Simpson,  by  whom  he  had, 

31.  John,  only  son,  died  s.  p. 

[1.]     Margaret,  married  Benjamin  Sprail.     P. 

[2.]     Eleanor  Pocock,  married  John  B.  Chesson.     P. 
To  return  to 

11.  John,  eldest  son  of  the  second  marriage  of  Walter  Ross,  first  of 
Morangie.  In  the  Sasine  31st  January  1663,  another  witness  is  Alexander 
Ross,  "  student  in  Tain,"  no  paternity  given.  He  signed  next  to  the  above 
John,  and  may  have  been  his  son.  The  next  John  Ross  of  whom  there  is 
mention  is  John  Ross,  "  merchant  and  indweller  in  Tain,"  bailie  to  a  sasine 
on  charter  to  David  Ross  of  Inverchasley,  2d  July  1729,  probably  the  same 
as  John  Ross  "  residenter  in  Tain,  bailie,"  mentioned  in  Sasines  24th  March 
1730,  29th  January  1734,  17th  and  23d  June  1737.  In  the  Sasine  1730  Alex- 
ander Ross,  student  in  Tain,  witness,  is  named. 

It  appears  to  be  certain  that  a  John  Ross  of  the  Morangie  family,  who 
settled  in  Tain,  had  two  sons, 

(1.)     John,  a  soldier,  of  whose  history  nothing  is  known. 

(2.)     Alexander.     (See  belozv.) 



(2.)  Alexander  Ross,  served  as  a  soldier  in  Holland,  and  married  Mar- 
garet M'Intosh,  daughter  of  the  provost  of  Inverness,1  by  whom  he  had  two 

(3.)     John.     (Seebelozv.) 

(4.)     Alexander,  commander  of  the  Ordnance   during  the   siege  of  Gib- 
raltar, born  in  Holland  — 1748,  and  dying  1804,  was 

buried  at  Gibraltar.     He  married,  first,  ,  Margaret,  daugh- 
ter of  John  Climes  of  Neilston.     She  died  1792,  and  left, 

(5.)     John  Clunes,  born  8th  November  1790,  and  died  at  Malta 


[1.]     Margaret  Brewse,  borne  179-2-     She  married  G.   H. 

Hooper,  and  had,  with  other  children,  Rev.  Robert  Poole 
Hooper,  to  whom  I  am  indebted  for  the  notice  about 
this  branch. 

He  married  secondly,  Helen  Inglis,  who  died  s.  p. 1832. 

(3.)     John  Ross,  a  director  of  the  E.  I.  Company,  born  at  Fort  Augustus 

,  married  at  Tangier,  ,   Sarah  Minsker,  by   whom   he   had   two 


[1.]     Hannah,  married  Admiral  Sir  Richard  O'Connor,  K.  C.  H.     P. 
[2.]     Margaret,  married  Patrick  O'Connor.     P. 


In  1581  James  VI.  confirmed  the  grant  made  by  the  Bishop  of  Ross  to 
Alexander  Feme  of  the  half-lands  of  Pitcalzeane.  In  1582  a  grant  was  made 
to  Finlay  Manson  of  another  quarter,  and  in  1584  another  portion  was  granted 
to  Donald  Gibson.  Andrew  Feme,  portioner  of  Pitcalzeane.  granted  the 
easter  quarter  to  Walter  Douglas,  burgess  of  Tain,  and  Alexander  Ross,  late 
bailie  (Orig.  Par.  Scot.).  In  1662  Andrew  Feme  of  Pitcalzeane  was  served 
heir  to  his  grandfather  Alexander  in   the  half-lands    (Rctours). 

David  Ross,  second  son  of  David  Ross,  third  of  Balmachy  (193),  appears 
as  portioner  of  Meddat  and  of  Pitcalzeane,  and  in  a  Sasine  of  1648  on  charter 
under  the  Great  Seal  in  his  favour  of  the  barony  of  Balnagown,  David  Ross, 
probably  the  same,  is  styled  "  of  Pitcalzeane." 

In  Sasine  15th  August  1628  appears  George  Ross  "  of  Pitcalzeane,"  who 
had  for  his  spouse  Margaret  Denune,  and  a  son.  Andrew.  In  Sasine  31st 
July  1649,  it  is  stated  that  Donald  Ross,  alias  M'Thomas  Nore.  in  Easter 
Radichies,  became  owner  of  part  of  Pitcalzeane.  and  had  for  his  eldest  son, 
Andrew,  who  married  Agnes,  daughter  to  Alexander  Clunes  of  Newtaine. 

In  Sasine  3d  June  i637  appears  Robert  Ross  "of  Pitcalzeane,"  and  nth 
December  the  same  year  John  Ross  "  in  Pitcalzeane." 


1.  Alexander  Ross,  notary  and  clerk  of  Tain,  obtained  a  disposition  from 
Sir  John  Urquhart  of  Cromarty  of  four  oxgates  of  the  lands  of  Pittogarty, 
in  the  parish  of  Tain    (Sasine  20th  July   1674),  and   from  James   Corbat  of 

1Tn  the  Inverness  registers  the  marriage  of  Margaret  M'Intosh  does  not  appear,  but 
Isobel  M'Intosh    married   an   Alexander    Ross,   9th    November   1742. 

Ross  of  and  in  Rarichies.  73 

Balnagall,  the  half  davoch  lands  of  Balnagall  and  others  in  the  parishes  of 
Tain  and  Tarbat   (Sasine  nth  December  1671)  ;  he  died  before  1687,  leaving, 

2.  Andrew,  "  his  son  and  h?ir,"  second  of  Pittogarty,  who  in  February 
1695,  was  put  to  the  horn  by  James  Dunbar  of  Dalcross,  for  a  debt  of  £20 
(Antiquarian  Notes,   Mackintosh). 

In  1535  William  M'Culloch,  third  of  Plaids,  granted  a  charter  of  Pittogarty 
to  William  Denoon.  In  the  Edinburgh  Testaments,  vol.  xlv.,  24th  February 
1609,  there  is  the  following:  Testament-dative  and  inventory  of  goods,  etc.. 
which  pertained  to  the  deceased  Elspeth  Ross,  sometime  spouse  to  Alexander 
Denovane  in  Pittogartie,  in  the  parish  of  Tain,  given  up  by  the  said  Alex- 
ander, as  father  and  lawful  administrator  to  their  bairns,  David.  John,  Wil- 
liam, Andrew.  Kathrine,  Cristiane,  Jonet  Issobell,  Elspeth.  Will  confirmed 
23d  February  1609,  John  Ross  in  Cullicudny,  cautioner. 

Andrew  Ross,  provost  of  Tain,  was  witness.  10th  August  1627,  to  the 
Sasine  of  John  Denune,  merchant  there,  in  the  lands  of  Pittogarty.  On  22d 
February  1628,  there  was  a  reversion  in  favour  of  David  Denune.  and  on  1st 
July  1634  a  discharge  of  reversion  by  David  Denune  "of  Pittogarty,"  in 
favour  of  the  said  John  Denune,  burgess  of  Tain  (Inverness  Sasines). 


Hugh  Ross  "of  Rarichies"  died  there  23d  October  1529  (Kal.  of  Feme). 

Alexander,  son  of  William  Ross  "in  Rarichies,"  died  nth  November 
1601  (Kal). 

Hugh  Ross  in  Easter  Rarichies  is  mentioned  in  Sasine  nth  April  1632. 
Andrew  Ross  in  Wester  Rarichies  (witness  Sasine  19th  October  1649),  and 
John  Ross  in  Rarichies  (witness  Sasine  15th  March  1659). 

Andrew  Ross,  sometime  in  Rarichies.  and  afterwards  in  Auchnaquhyll  or 
Achaghyll,  who  died  before  June  1698,  left  a  widow,  Margaret  M'Culloch, 
by  whom  he  had, 

1.  Walter,  eldest  son  and  heir  in  Auchnaquhill. 

2.  Samuel,  mason  in  Newnakill. 

3.  Hugh. 

4.  John. 

,     5.     James. 
6.     Andrew. 

[1.]     Margaret,  married  John  Ross,  mason,  in  Pitmaduthie. 

[2.]     Helen,  married  Thomas  Ross,  saddler,  in  Tain. 

[3.]     Isobell,  married  Alexander  Munro  in  Alness. 

[4.]     Janet,  married  Hugh  Sutherland  in  Newnakill. 
These  all  made  a  renunciation  in  favour  of  David  Ross  of  Balnagown  of 
the  lands  of  Achagyll  and  Badferne  in  the  parish  Kilmuir,  dated   at   Balna- 
gown, 31st  May   1698.      David  Ross  disponed  the  above   lands   in   liferent   to 
Lady  Anna  Stewart,  his  spouse  (Sasine  13th  June  1698). 

In  1550  the  lands  of  Easter  and  Wester  Rarichies  and  of  Cullis  were  sold 
by  Alexander  Ross  of  Balnagown  to  William  Carnecors,  and  in  1615  these 
lands  had  become  the  property  of  Sir  William  Sinclair  of  Catboll,  and  then 
passed  to  Rose  of  Kilravock  through  intermarriage  with  the  Sinclairs  of 
Dunbeath  (Orig.  Par.  Scot.). 


Ross  lit  I  hi. 


Thomas  Ross  "  in  Risollis  "  died  5th  August  1600.  and  was  buried  at 
Cromarty   (Kal.  of  Feme).     Perhaps  lather  of 

Thomas  Ross  "of  Risollis"  (mentioned  in  Sasines  226.  February  1628,  1st 
February  1629.  29th  August  1643).  Sheriff  of  Inverness  (Sasine  8th  June 
1648).  He  married  Margaret  Gordon,  relict  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Kindeace,  and 
"  now  his  spouse."  Jth  April  1650.  She  died  5th  September  1665.  and  was 
buried  at  Nigg  (Kal.  of  Feme).    He  had  a  son. 

John,  "lawful  son  of  Thomas  Ros  of  Rysolis  "   (Sasine  oth  October  1649). 


This  name  is  spelt  in  many  ways,  Intumecarrach.  Tuttintarvach,  Tutam- 
taruach.  etc.  It  has  been  impossible  to  settle  the  connection  between  the  fol- 
lowing persons: — 

Walter  Ross  (126),  brother  of  William  Ross,  third  of  Invercharron  (76), 
styled  "  of  Tutintarroch,"  was  concerned  in  the  murder  of  Captain  James 
Ross  at  Tain  in  1583  (see  Morangie),  and  obtained  a  remission  under  the 
Great  Seal  14th  August  1595. 

Malcolm  Ross,  "apparent  of"  (witness  Sasine  31st  July  1607)  ;  "in  Tutin- 
tarroch"  (Sasine  31st  March  1636). 

William  Ross  "  of  Tutintarroch  "  had  a  son,  Walter,  who  died  29th  Novem- 
ber 1648  (Kalendar  of  Feme). 

Thomas  Ross  "  in  Tutintarroch  "  had  a  son.  Alexander,  who  married 
Issobel  Ross,  widow  of  Alexander  Ross,  second  of  Invercharron  (75).  David 
Ross  of  Pitcalnie  gave  a  charter  to  him  and  his  wife  of  some  lands  in  the 
bishoprick  of  Ross  (Sasine  30th  July  1632  1. 

John  Ross  "in  Tutintarroch"   (witness  Sasine  16th  March  1665). 


Andrew  Ross,  whose  paternity  is  not  stated,  was  a  relative  of  the  Shand- 
wick  family;  writing  to  Bailie  Donald  Ross,  29th  March  1732,  he  sends  "his 
humble  respects  to  his  worthie  frinde,  old  Shandwook,  to  your  Laday,  my 
Cousine."  He  was  a  wealthy  clothier  at  Musselburgh,  and.  dying  —  Novem- 
ber 1735,  left  two  daughters, 

[1.]     Grissell,    married   to   John   Rose    of   Blackball,    in    the   parish    Old 
Nairn,    14th  July    1732.   witnesses,   Charles   Hay  of   Hopes,   and 
William  Fraser.  writer,  Edinburgh   (Invcresk  Regr.). 
[2.]     Christian,  married  to  Charles  Hay  of  Hopes. 
His  testament-dative  and  inventory  of  goods  were  given  up  by  his  sons- 
in-law,  his  daughters  being  executrices. 

Amount  of  inventory  and  debts,  £23.675.  lis. 

Will  confirmed  30th  December  1735  (Commiss.  of  Edinb.  Tests.,  vol.  xcvii.). 

Grissell  Ross,  sister  of  the  above  Andrew,  was  married  17th  February  1713 

to  Mr.  William  Lindsay,  late  schoolmaster  of  Musselburgh   (Inveresk  Regr.). 


1.  Andrew  Ross  (paternity  not  stated),  styled  "burgess  of  Tain"  in 
Sasines  1624-26,  "provost,"  1627-38,  "sometime  provost"  (Sasine  26th  May 
1640).     He  died  4th  October  1660  (Kal.  of  Feme),  having  married  first  Mar- 

Benjamin   Ross,  Bailie  of   Tain.  75 

garet  Ross,  charter  to  her,  his  spouse,  of  a  liferent  in  the  lands  of  Wester 
Catboll  (Sasine  21st  April  1630),  and  again,  7th  August  1651,  of  part  of  the 
lands  of  Mikill  Allane,  which  he  had  acquired  by  charter  from  James,  grand- 
son and  heir  of  John  Ferguson,  burgess  of  Tain.     They  had, 

2.  William.     (See  below.) 

[1.]     Muriel,  "daughter  to  the  provost"  (Sasine  4th  March  1635). 

The  provost  married,  secondly,  Bessie  Gray.  As  relict  of  Andrew  Ross, 
sometime  provost  of  Tain,  she  obtained  a  disposition  of  lands  in  Dornoch 
from  John  Gray  in  Arboll.     She  had  a  son  also  called  William. 

2.  William  Ross,  "eldest  son  of  the  provost"  (Sasine  16th  April  1633), 
"elder,  burgess  of  Tain"  (witness  7th  October  1650).  He  died  before  1658, 
having  married ,  by  whom  he  had, 

3.  Andrew,  eldest  son  and  apparent  heir  of  deceased  William  Ross, 

burgess  of  Tain,  who  died  vested  in  the  lands  of  Wester  Geanies, 
apparent  heir  to  his  grandfather,  Andrew,  provost  of  Tain 
(Sasine  1st  February  1658).  Styled  "bailie  of  Tain"  1665, 
"provost"   (Sasine  24th  February  1669,  witness). 

4.  William,  "  son  to  deceased  William  Ross,  bailie  of  Tain  "   (Sasine 

4th  March  1670,  witness).     He  apparently  had  a  son,  Alexander, 
"  son  of  William  Ross,  burgess  of  Tain  (witness  Sasine  nth  De- 
cember 1673),  and  a  daughter  Margaret,  married  to  John  Ross 
of  Aldie  (Hv.). 
Andrew  Ross,  provost  of  Tain,  may  perhaps  have  been  son  of  Thomas, 
Abbot  of  Feme  (see  Morangic),  burgess  of  Tain,  1608,  therefore  born  in  or 
before  1587. 


He  married, ,  1788.  Jean,  daughter  of  Bailie  Millar,  and  had, 

George,  baptized  at  Tain,  20th  May  1789. 
Mary,  baptized  30th  October  1791. 
Margaret,  baptized  29th  September  1794. 
James,  baptized  nth  May  1796. 
Elizabeth,  baptized  16th  July  179& 


Donald  Ross,  bailie  of  Tain,  whom,  previous  to  his  marriage  in  1717 
with  Margaret,  second  daughter  of  Andrew  Ross  of  Shandwick  (155), 
William  Ross  (156),  her  brother,  addressed  as  "  aff.  Cousigne,"  assisted  the 
various  members  of  the  Shandwick  family  in  their  fallen  fortunes.  He  was  a 
pewterer  in  Tain,  and  at  one  time  postmaster.  Many  of  his  letters  are 
extant,  but  they  give  no  clue  to  his  paternity;  only  two  nephews  are  men- 
tioned, Hugh  Ross,  and  Hugh  Munro,  a  sister's  son.  Perhaps  Bailie  Donald 
was  a  descendant  of  Donald  Ross  (146)  who  sold  Shandwick  in  1642. 

The  above  Hugh  Ross  was  son  of  John  Ross,  "overseer  at  Craigioy," 
who  died  about  1743;  on  22d  November  of  that  year  he  was  retoured  as 
heir-general  to  his  father  (Inq.  Gen.,  registered  4th  July  1749).  He  was 
student  of  divinity  at  Aberdeen,  and  graduated  there  April  1736.  On  the 
16th  he  wrote  to  his  uncle  — "  I  was  graduated  Tuesday  last  we  were  very 
hearty   yester    night,    I    mean    five    more    of   the    best    of    the    class    and    I, 

y(S  Rossi  ana. 

treating  the  Regent  and  the  other  masters  of  the  College  with  a  dozen 
and  half  of  wine  and  a  supper,  .  .  .  we  had  so  much  over  and  above 
of  the  wine  bought  for  our  graduation  where  the  masters  were  pleased 
to  drink  the  health  of  our  respective  friends."  From  Aberdeen  he  went 
to  Edinburgh,  where  he  seems  to  have  remained  (in  what  capacity  does 
not  appear)  for  some  years.  He  was  licensed  by  the  Presbytery  of  Tain, 
21st     .March     1744,    ordained     in     1755,    and    became    minister    of    Kildonan, 

Sutherlandshire.     He   married   i/59>   Ann   Houston,   and   died   

1761.     (Fasti  Ecc.  Scot.) 

His  successor  at  Kildonan  was  Mr.  John  Ross,  whose  paternity  is  not 
stated.  He  was  ordained  missionary  of  Farr  26th  September  1759,  and 
minister  of  Kildonan  18th  November  1761.  He  died  28th  March  1783  in 
his  forty-second  year,  having  married  the  widow  of  Gunn  M'Sheumais,  by 
whom  he  had, 

David.     (Sec  below.) 

Katherine,  married  David  Gunn,  who  died  1827. 

David  Ross  was  in  the  army.  On  his  father's  death  he  left  it,  took  a 
farm,  and  was  also  miller  at  Cloggan  in  Strathbeg.  He  married  the  daughter 
of  a  wealthy  tenant,  by  whom  he  had  a  numerous  family  of  sons  and 
daughters.  The  eldest  son  went  to  America  as  a  teacher  (Memorabilia 
domestica,  Sage,  Minister  of  Resolis.     Wick,   1889). 


He  was  a  litstcr,  or  dyer,  and  appears  as  a  witness  to  Sasines  between 
1695  and  1698.  He  had  been  previously  established  in  Tain,  where  he  was 
also  burgess  (Sasine  19th  August  1701).  He  was  living  in  Dornoch  1720-23, 
and  was  in  all  probability  of  the  Little  Tarrell  family,  either  Nicholas,  whose 
brother  Walter  (xxxix)  was  town  clerk  of  Dornoch,  or  Nicholas,  his 
nephew  (xxxv).  His  daughter  Katherine  was  married  to  George  Ross, 
merchant,  "  Theusurer  "  in  Tain,  and  had, 

William,  baptized  at  Tain,  26th  January  1720.     Witnesses,  William 
Ross,  bailie,  Thomas  Reid,  leat  bailie,  and  John  Reid,  merchant. 

Katherine,  baptized  30th  June  1721. 

John,  baptized  22d  May  1723. 

Helen,  baptized  25th  March   1725. 
Another    Nicholas    Ross,    student    at    Tain,    witnessed    a    Sasine    1st    April 
1725,   and   was   probably   the    Nicholas   Ross   who   was   "  one   of   the   present 
bailies  of  Tain"  in  1754. 


In  Feme  Abbey  there  is  an  oblong  flat  stone,  with  the  following  inscription 
running  round  the  outer  edge:  —  This  stone  is  placed  j  here  by  William 
Ross  bailie  of  Tain  and  un  |  der  the  same  lyes  |  the  body  of  Margaret  Ross 
his  spouse  who  depar  |  ted  this  life  the  28  |  day  of  March  1718.  In  the  center 
of  the  stone 

William  Ross 

Margaret  Ross 

Katherine  M'Intosh. 

William  Ross,  Bailie  of  Tain.  77 

William  Ross  appears  as  witness  to  a  Sasine  13th  April  1710.  Soon  after 
the  death  of  his  first  wife,  he  married,  secondly,  Katherine  M'Intosh,  by 
whom  he  had. 

Alary,    baptized    at    Tain,    4th    February    1720.      Witnesses,    David 
Ross  of  Inverchasley,  Hugh  Ross  of  Achnacloich,  and  Thomas 
Ross,  leat  bailie. 
Alexander,   baptized  28th   December    1722.     Witness,    David    Ross 

of  Kindeace. 
Robert,  baptized  14th  October  1724. 
Very  probably  many  inscriptions  in  Feme  Abbey  Church  perished,  when 
on  Sunday  10th  October  1742,  at  the  time  of  worship,  the  roof  and  part  of 
the  side  wall  fell  in  during  a  violent  storm.  The  gentry  had  their  seats  in 
the  niches,  and  by  that  means  their  lives  were  saved,  as  was  the  minister, 
Mr.  Donald  Ross,  by  the  sounding-board  falling  on  the  pulpit  and  covering 
him.  Very  many  were  wounded,  and  forty  were  dug  out  and  buried  pro- 
miscuously without  ceremony  {Scots  Mag.).  Mr.  Donald  died  2d  Septembt-'r 
1755  in  his  83d  year   (Fasti). 


I.  William  Ross,  bailie  of  Tain  (paternity  not  stated),  mentioned  first 
in    1726   in   the   correspondence   of   the    Shandwick    family,   and   called   their 

cousin,  died  before  1738,  having  married  twice.    By  his  first  wife 

he  had, 

2.  George,    eldest    son,    who    married    Katherine,    third    daughter    of 

Andrew  Ross,  seventh  of  Shandwick   (155). 

3.  William,  living  in   1753. 

4.  David,  died  before   1753. 
[I.]     ■ 

[2.]      Margaret,    second    daughter,   married    Duncan    Simpson   of    Nether 
Culcraigy   (Sasine  on  marriage-contract  8th   November   1734). 

Me  married  secondly ,  living  as  his  widow  in  1748,  and  had, 

•with  a  daughter,  a  son, 

Gilbert.  In  1748  Alexander  Ross  (169),  of  the  Shandwick  family, 
wrote  to  Mr.  Alexander  Gray  in  London,  introducing  to  him 
Gilbert  Ross  "  as  a  youth  he  had  great  hopes  of.  His  success 
and  conduct  at  Aberdeen  has  endeared  him  to  all  his  friends." 
He  died  in  London  March  1788.  having  become  a  mer- 
chant  in   Billiter   Lane.     His   widow.   Ann  ,  was   living  in 

1793.     He   left   three   sons, 

1.  Gilbert,  the  eldest,  was  married. 

2.  William,   a   grocer. 

3.  George. 

At  his  death  he  left  £40.000  to  be  divided  between  his  three  sons, 
bis  widow,  and  his  sister.  Roberta,  widow  of  Lieutenant  David 
Ross,  who  died  before   1783. 


(By  Francis  Nevile  Reid.) 

IN  volume  xxxiii.,  Edinburgh    Testaments,  under  date  27th  February   1598, 
there  is  the  testament-dative  and  inventory  of  goods,  etc.,  pertaining  to  the 
deceased  Margaret  Munro,  sometime  spouse  to  Walter  Ross,  apparent  of 
Ballamonthie,    in   the   parish   of  Tarbet,   and   shire   of   Inverness,   who    died 
8th  May  1594,  given  up  by  the  said  Walter,  as  father,  etc.,  to 

1.  Hugh, 

2.  George, 

3.  Donald, 

4.  David, 

5.  William, 
[1.]  Katrene, 
[2.]     Issobell, 

their  lawful  bairns,  and  executors-dative  surrogate  to  their  deceased  mother. 
Confirmed  27th  February  1598.  James  Innes,  liar  of  Innerbraikie,  is 


David  Ross  (20),  the  last  laird  of  Balnagovvn,  in  1668  gave  part  of  the 
Oxgate  lands  of  the  Drum  of  Fearn  to  John  Ross  and  Margaret  his  wife. 
It  is  by  no  means  clear  whether  the  husband,  or  the  wife,  was  his  illegitimate 
child.  The  above  John  Ross,  mason  in  Balnagown,  died  before  1717,  and  his 
wife,  Margaret,  before  1741,  having  had  an  only  son,  David,  who  died  before 

his   father,   and  three   daughters.     ,   the   eldest,   married  James    Ross, 

tailor    in    Fearn.    who    in    1717    purchased    the    portions    of    the    other    two 

daughters,  and  died  January  1738,  having  had, 

[1.]     Frances,  who  married  Finlay  Ross,  alias  Roy,  tenant  of  the  Wester 

Drums  of  Fearn. 
[2.]     Elspeth,  married  George  M'Gilies  in  Arboll. 

[3. J     Euphemia,  died  before  her  father,  having  married  Roderick  Ding- 
wall, tenant  at  the  Bridge  End  of  Fearn,  by  whom  she  had  two 
sons  and  two  daughters. 
These  three  sisters   were  retoured  heirs  portioners  to  the  deceased  John 
Ross,  their  grandfather,  and  also  to  the  deceased  David  Ross  of  Balnagown, 
their  great-grandfather,  in  part  of  the  lands  of  the  Drum  of  Fearn   (Sasine 
28th  July   1741).     The  above  James    Ross,   owing   money  to   Bailie   Donald 
Ross  of  Tain,  in  payment  of  the  debt,  the  above  heirs  ceded  to  him  these 
Oxgate  lands  of  the  Drum  of  Fearn    (Memorial  about  the  Heritable  Estate 
of  Bailie  Donald). 

Ross  of  Calrossie. 



From  the  following  notice  it  appears  that  Thomas  Ross,  second  of  Cal- 
rossie (65),  stated  to  be  the  son  of  Thomas  Ross,  first  of  Calrossie  (64), 
by  Katherine  Ross  his  wife,  was  not  his  son,  but  his  nephew.  Procuratory 
of  resignation  of  Thomas  Ross  of  Calrossie.  and  pertinents  in  the  parish 
of  Logie  Easter  and  sheriffdom  of  Ross,  for  new  infeftment  in  favour  of 
himself,  and  Thomas  Ross  of  Knockan.  son  to  Malcolm  Ross,  merchant  in 
Tain,  his  brother-german  (63).  and  the  heirs  male  of  the  said  Thomas 
Ross  of  Knockan.  Alexander  Ross,  sheriff-clerk  depute  of  Ross,  is  a  wit- 
ness. Signed  at  Calrossie  7th  October  1732,  registered  13th  December  (Reg. 
of  Deeds,  MacKenzie  Office,  Edin.  vol.  132). 

There  was  a  Malcolm  Ross  "of  Calrossie"  who  died  15th  September 
1618  (Kal.  of  Feme).     (See  (72)  and  (22).) 


The  daughters  of  Alexander  Ross,  fifth  of  Easterfearn   (105)  were. 

[1.]     Janet   Gordon,    who    married    Mr.    Arthur    Sutherland,   minister   at 

Edderton,  and  was  his  widow  in  1728. 
[2.]     Margaret  Gordon. 

[3.]     ,  married  Innes,  and  had  a  son,  Walter. 

[4.]     Elizabeth,  married Manson. 

The   latter   will  of  Captain   Ross  of  Daan    (116),  who  died  June 

1735,  was  dated  at  Mt.  Ephraim,  Tunbridge  Wells,  4th  September  1728.  He 
named  his  brother  Alexander,  W.  S.,  executor,  and  left  legacies  to  his 
sisters  and  other  relatives.  Confirmed  16th  June  1737  (Commiss.  of  Edin- 
burgh Tests,  vol.  99). 

(106,  107). —  Corrections. —  William  Ross,  sixth  (not  fifth)  of  Easter- 
fearn, was  commissary  clerk  of  Ross  in  or  before  1706  until  after  1724.  He 
died  in  1727  (not  in  1712,  as  previously  stated).  His  son  and  heir,  Alex- 
ander, afterwards  seventh  (not  sixth)  of  Easterfearn,  served  and  retoured 
heir  to  his  father  before  1729,  had  in  1726  become  commissary  clerk  of  Ross 
(Sasine  15th  December).  Being  unable  to  pay  the  claims  on  him  for  the 
remainder  of  the  purchase-money  of  Tarlogie,  in  lieu  of  further  payment 
David  M'Lendris  or  Ross,  his  creditor,  accepted  the  clerkship,  to  which  he 
was  not  regularly  appointed  until  1733  (MS.  notes). 

Another  Alexander  Ross  in  a  charter  of  resignation  of  part  of  Little 
Allan,  called  Balnagore  (Gt.  Seal,  3d  February  1710,  Sasine  on  1st  March), 
is  styled  "  commissary  clerk  of  Ross."  He  appears  as  witness  to  many 
Sasines ;  in  one.  dated  25th  February  1724,  he  is  described  as  writer  at 
Tain,  commissary  clerk  depute  of  Ross.  He  died  before  4th  June  1730, 
when  William,  his  eldest  son  and  heir,  disposed  of  lands  in  Dornoch.  He 
had  also  a  son  Hugh  (Tain  Registers)  whose  daughter  Jannet  was  baptized 
23  d  May  1723. 

Another  Alexander  Ross  was  commissary  clerk  of  Tain,  and  married  Janet, 
daughter  of  Bailie  Dingwall ;  they  had, 

Alexander,  baptized  20th   September   1720. 
Charles,  baptized  10th  September  1722. 
Christian,  baptized  20th  December   1723. 

8o  Rossiana. 

Again,  an  Alexander  Ross  was  Dean  of  Guild  in  Tain  before  1698,  and 
witnessed  many  Sasines;  he  had  a  son  Alexander  (Sasine  15th  July  1724), 
and  a  son  David   (Sasine  17th  October  1705).     He  was  living  in  1724. 

David  Ross,  notary,  mentioned  in  various  Sasines  between  1690-1708,  was 
sheriff-clerk  of  Ross;  he  had  Andrew,  his  eldest  son,  and  Mr.  George, 
schoolmaster   at  Tarbat. 


(Second  family  so  styled  (see  50).) — From  the  nomination  of  heirs  made 
in  1762  by  Mr.  David  Ross  (52),  afterwards  Lord  Ankerville,  whose  mar- 
riage-contract bears  date  7th  August  1755.  it  appears  that  David  Ross,  lirst 
of   Inverchasley,  by  his  first  wife,  had  the  following  daughters, 

[1.]  Anne,  married  to  John  Haldane  of  Aberathven.  by  whom  she  had 
an  only  son  David,  captain  in  the  Royal  Regiment  of 
[2.]  Margaret,  married  to  Charles  Urquhart  of  Brealangwell,  by  whom 
she  had  an  only  son  David  (Sasine  on  marriage-contract,  28th 
September  1728). 
By  his  second  wife,  as  previously  stated,  he  had  an  only  daughter, 

Mary,  married  to  John  Grant  of  Ballintotne.1 
The  daughters  of  David  Ross,  second  of  Inverchasley,  were, 

[1.]     Jean,   eldest   daughter,   wife   of   Roderick    M'Culloch   of   Glastulich. 

by  whom  she  had  a   son   David,  captain   in  the  army. 
[2.]     Isobel,2   wife   of   William  Ross,   tenth   of   Invercharron.     She   and 

her  heirs  were  passed  over  in  the  settlement. 
[3.]     Mary. 
The   above-named   settlement   included   the    lands   of   Shandwick,    Tarlogie, 
Newton  of  Tarlogie  and  Fanintraid,  Morangie  and  Dibidaile.  part  of  Drum- 
gillie,   Easter   Kindeace,    Morvichwater,   part   of   Meikle   Ranie,    Pitkery,   and 
various  lands  near  Tain. 

(59)  Charles  Ross,  Lieutenant-General,  styled  "  of  Morangie,"  second 
son  of  David  Ross,  second  of  Inverchasley,"'  having  become  owner  of  Inver- 
charron, made  a  settlement  of  his  estates  31st  May  1796,  recorded  nth 
March    1797    (Register  of   Tailzies,  Edinburgh,  vol.   30.   f.    107).     Failing  his 

1John  Grant,  third  son  of  Tohn  Grant  of  Dalrachney,  and  Mary  Ross  his  spouse, 
6th  December  1736,  gave  a  discharge  to  David  Ross  of  Inverchasley  for  2000  merks, 
due  by  bond  of  provision  from  her  father,  dated  12th  January  1733  (Register  of  Deeds, 
Mackenzie  Office,  vol.   162). 

2This  lady  in  the  Shandwick  papers  is  called  Ann  (see  ante,  Invercharron  (84)  her 
son  David  was  captain  in  the  71*/  (not  1st)  regiment  of  Foot,  and  was  serving  in  India  in 
1796.     Her  eldest  daughter,  Helen,  married  William   (not  David)   M'Caw. 

^Inverness  Sasines,  vol.  viii..  fol.  275.  Sasine  on  disposition  by  William  (not  George, 
as  previously  hated)  Ross  of  Morangie,  writer  in  Edinburgh,  in  favour  of  David  Ross 
of  Inverchasley,  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Easter  and  Wester  Morangie,  with  the  two 
milns  thereof,  etc.,  in  the  parish  of  Tain.  At  Edinburgh,  ISth  March  1726.  Hugh 
M'Culloch  ...  is  writer  of  the  precept.  Sasine  on  20th  April  1726,  in  presence  of 
Charles  Ross  of  Eye,  Simon  Ross  of  Rosehill.  and  David  M'Culloch  of  Glastulich. 
David  Ross  obtained  the  lands  of  Dibidale  also  from  the  above  William  Ross,  son  of 
George  Csee  (51)  ). 

Ross  of  Kindeace.  81 

own  heirs,  he  disponed  his  estates  to  his  nephew,  Charles  Ross,  advo- 
cate (57),  and  his  heirs,  whom  failing  to  David  Ross,  younger  of  Anker- 
ville  (53),  and  his  heirs;  to  his  nephew,  Captain  David  Ross  (85),  son  of 
William  Ross,  late  of  Invercharron,  by  his  sister,  Isobel  Ross ;  to  his  nephew, 
George  Munro  of  Culrain;  to  Captain  David  Ross,  late  of  Kindeace,  now  on 
half-pay,  and  their  heirs;  whom  failing  to  his  nieces,  daughters  of  Lord 
Ankerville,  viz.  Margaret,  wife  of  Major  James  Baillie,  Fort-Major  of  Fort- 
George,  Elizabeth  Ross,  Jean  Ross,  and  their  heirs;  to  his  nieces,  daughters 
of  Invercharron,  viz.  Helen,  wife  of  William  M'Caw,  and  Elizabeth  Ross, 
second  daughter,  and  their  heirs ;  to  James  Rose,  writer,  Edinburgh,  third 
son  of  the  deceased  Mr.  Hugh  Rose,  minister  of  Tain,  by  Mary  M'Culloch, 
his  (the  General's)  first  cousin,  and  his  heirs;  whom  all  failing,  to  his  own 
lawful  heirs,  etc.,  etc. 

This  distinguished  officer  received  his  commission  as  ensign  in  Leighton's 
regiment  (32d  Foot)  6th  April  1747.  He  became  lieutenant  2d  October 
1755;  captain-lieutenant,  Anstruther's  regiment  (58th  Foot),  25th  December 
1755;  captain,  32d  Foot,  28th  August  1756;  2d  major,  Earl  of  Sutherland's 
Battalion  of  Highlanders,  27th  August  1759;  lieutenant-colonel,  39th  Foot. 
31st  July  1773;  colonel  of  the  /2d  Foot,  13th  October  1780.  This  regiment 
was  disbanded  in  1783,  when  he  was  placed  on  half-pay.  He  became  major- 
general  19th  October  1781,  and  lieutenant-general  12th  October  1793. 

In  June  1779,  being  at  that  time  lieutenant-colonel  of  the  39th,  he  suc- 
ceeded in  joining  his  corps  at  Gibraltar  by  assuming  a  disguise  and  risking 
the  passage  in  a  row-boat  from  Faro,  a  port  in  Portugal.  In  1781  he  went 
to  England,  and  13th  November  returned  to  Gibraltar  to  take  command  of 
his  regiment,  the  72d,  or  Royal  Manchester  Volunteers.  On  27th  November 
he  commanded  a  force  of  about  2000  men  in  a  sortie  from  the  garrison, 
destroying  the  enemy's  advance  batteries ;  and  in  December  returned  to 
England    (War    Office   Records).      He    was    M.    P.    for    the    Wick    Burghs, 

1780-84.     He  died  .y.  p.  1797;  his  nephew,  Charles  Ross,  advocate,  was 

served  heir  to  him  26th  April  in  the  same  year. 


(Second  Family  so  Styled.) 
Alexander  Ross  (69),  eldest  son  of  the  second  marriage  of  Malcolm  Ross 
of    Kindeace    (-11),    as    has   been    already    stated,    joined    his    uncle    Robert 
M'Culloch,  merchant,  at  Copenhagen.     He  there  became  a  grocer.     He  was 

born  5th  July  1659,  and  died  27th  August  1722,  having  married 

Catherine  Elizabeth  Abesteen,  who  was  born  15th  June  1675,  and  died  9th 
June  1735.  He  obtained  a  grant  of  arms  from  the  Lyon  Office,  dated  1st 
March  1699,  Sir  Alexander  Erskine  of  Cambo,  Bart.,  being  Lyon  King.  He 
is  styled  "  Master  Alexander  Ross,  merchant  in  Copenhagen,  lawful  son  to 
Malcolm  Ross  of  Kindeace,  and  lawfully  descended  of  the  family  of  Bal- 
nagown."  The  said  Mr.  Alexander  for  his  ensigns  armoriall  Bears  Gules 
three  Lyoncells  rampant  argent  within  a  bordure  counter  compound  of  the 
second  and  first,  and  for  his  Brotherly  difference  a  Crescent  in  abysm  or 
in  the  center  argent  on  an  helmet  answerable  to  his  degree  with  a  mantle 

82  Rossi  a  ii  a. 

gules  doubling  argent  and  wreath  of  his  colours  is  sett  for  his  Crest  a  Fox 
passant  proper  with  this  motto  in  an  Escroll  above  "  Caute  non  astute " 
(Archives  of  the  Herald's  Office,  Copenhagen).  It  must  have  been  at  this 
time  that  the  bore-brieve  (to  which  frequent  reference  has  been  made) 
was  granted  to  Alexander  Ross,  perhaps  by  the  Lyon  Office,  although  in 
a  search  made  there  no  record  of  it  or  of  the  grant  of  arms  was  found. 
The  bore-brieve  gives  his  paternal  and  maternal  descent  for  many  genera- 
tions, the  old  copy  in  my  possession  is  wanting  in  date  and  signature.  It 
concludes  by  stating  that  "  he  was  educat  and  brought  up  in  the  fear  of 
God,  earlie  instructed  in  the  principles  of  the  Christian  religion  and 
Orthodox  faith  .  .  .  and  while  in  his  native  country  he  behaved  and 
demeaned  himself  in  all  places  and  societies  piously  and  honestly  as 

He    left    an    only    daughter    and    heiress, 

Marie,  born  3d  June  1693,  died  12th  January  1715,  having  married, 
16th  January  1710,  Daniel  Walker,  grocer  at  Copenhagen,  who 
was  born  5th  March   1680,  and  died  8th  September   1747.     They 
had  a  son,  Alexander.     (See  below.) 
Alexander    Walker    inherited   his    grandfather's    property,    and,    in   accord- 
ance with  his  will,  assumed  the  name  of  Ross  in  lieu  of  his  own.     He  was 
born  17th  December  1710.  and  married  first Magdalene  Elisa- 
beth Euran,  who.  died  15th  October   1754.  and  secondly Anna 

Christina,  daughter  of  Admiral  Tydicker;  she  died  s.  p.  23d  May,  1766. 
Having  served  the  King  of  Denmark  for  thirty  years,  he  was  made  "  Com- 
missioner General  of  War"  with  the  rank  of  Major-General.  On  2d  March 
1782  he  petitioned  King  Christian  VII.  to  create  him  a  Danish  nobleman, 
and  to  permit  him  to  use  the  Arms  of  his  mother's  ancestors.  This  petition 
was  granted  12th  June  1782,  and  all  the  documents  are  duly  registered  in  the 
Herald's  Office  at  Copenhagen. 
By  his  first  wife  he  had,  with  a  daughter, 

Paul  Alexander,  Aide-de-Camp  and  Major,  born  26th  October 
1746,  married,  nth  July  1782  or  1783,  Petronelle  Wasserfree,  by 
whom  he  had  two  sons. 

Alexander,  born  23d   May  1784. 
Peter  Vilhelm,  born  29th  January  1793. 
They  have   left  very   numerous   descendants,   of   whom   a   description   may 
be  found  under  the  heading  of  Ross  of  Balnagown  in  the  Danish   Peerage 
(Danmdrks  Adels  Aarboy)  published  yearly  at  Copenhagen  by  A.  Thiset. 


THE  original  arms  of 
the  Earls  of  Ross 
(gules  three  lions 
rampant  within  a  tressure 
argent )  were  taken  from 
the  shield  of  the  King  him- 
self, which  was  or  and  the 
tressure  gules  as  well  as  the 
one  lion  rampant,  to  show 
that  they  were  children  of 
the  Royal  Lion,  connected 
as  they  were  with  the 
Royal  house  of  Scotland  by 

When  the  Lairds  of  Bal- 
nagown  assumed  the  title 
of  Ross  as  a  family  name, 
they  dropped  the  tressure 
and  retained  the  three  royal 
lions  as  proof  of  their  de- 
scent from  the  Royal 
house ;  motto,  "  Spem  suc- 
cessus  alit." 

The  Rosses  of  Shand- 
wick  bore  argent  three 
lions  rampant  gules. 

armed  sable,  the  crest 
being  a  demi-lion  rampant 
gules,  and  the  motto, 
"  Xobilis    est    ira    leonis." 

Our  own  branch  of  Bal- 
blair  bore  gules  three  lions 
rampant  argent,  and  the 
crest  was  a  demi-lion  ram- 
pant gules,  armed  and 
langued  sable,  and  the 
motto  was  the  same  as  that 
of  Shandwick,  "  Nobilis  est 
ira    leonis." 

Hon.  John  Ross,  Royal 
attorney-general,  of  Tuscu- 
lum  and  Philadelphia,  bore 
the  same  arms,  but  had  for 
a  crest  an  arm  holding  a 
wreath  of  laurel  leaves,  and 
the  motto  of  Ross  of  Bal- 
nagown,  "  Spem  successus 
alit."      No    reason   has   ever 

The  King's  Escutcheon,  or  Arms  of  David  II  of 
Scotland,  as  shown  by  the  Bruce  Coat  on  the 
Cappiline.  —  [Stodart's  "  Scottish  Arms." 


Rossi  a  no. 

Stone  Carving  at  Daan  House. 

been  given  for  this 
unless  it  was  that 
he  regarded  the 
Balnagown  crest 
and  motto  older 
than  that  of  Bal- 

Ross  of  Priest- 
hill,  it  is  said,  bore 
the  same  arms  and 
crest  as  those  of 

The  coat-of-arms 
cut  in  stone  at  Bal- 
nagown Castle, 
which  I  have  seen, 
and  which  dates 
back  to  very  early- 
times,  is  colored 
gules  (red)  for  the 
shield,  and  or 
(gold)  for  the 

While  on  a  visit 
to  Daan  House  in 
1881,  the  writer  ob- 
served a  curious 
carved  stone,  above 
the  fireplace  in  one 
of  the  rooms, 
which  contained 

the  Arms  of  Munro 
and  of  Ross.  Gen- 
eral Meredith  Read 
on  being  informed 
of  it,  had  it  photo- 
graphed, a  repro- 
duction of  which  is 
shown  herewith.  Of 
the  three  circles 
appearing  on  the 
stone,  the  one  on 
the  left  contains  the 
Anns  of  Munro 
( an  eagle's  head 
erased),  surrounded 
by  the  motto, 
"Aquila  11011  captat 
muscas ;  "  the  one 
on  the  right,  the 
well-known  three 
lions  of  the  Arms 
of  Ross,  with  the 
motto,   "  Nobilis   est 

Anns  of  Ross. 


ira  leonis,"  while  the  centre  circle  contains  the  effigy  of  a  man  in 
a  Geneva  cloak  and  bands,  holding  an  open  book ;  on  which  is 
inscribed,  "  Fear  God  in  heart  as  ye  my  be  bsd."  Around  the  effigy  appear 
the  words,  "  Servire  deo  est  regnare,"  together  with  the  letters  "  M.  H.  M., 
E.  R."  (Magister  Hector  Munro,  Effie  Ross).  The  stone  was  undoubtedly 
erected  as  a  memorial  to  Hector  Munro,  Minister  of  Edderton,  "  first  of  Daan 
(Sasines  226.  August,   1626,  and  30  April,  1629),  lands  of  Little  Daan,"  and 

Arms  of  the  Earls  of  Ross. — [Stodart's  "  Scottish  Arms." 

Effie  Ross,  his  wife.  The  letters  "  A.  M.,"  at  the  top  of  the  stone,  probably 
refer  to  Andrew  or  Alexander  Munro,  ancestor  of  Hector,  while  the  letters 
"  M.  F."  appearing  at  the  bottom  were  intended  to  show  that  the  family  was 
of  the  ancient  line  of  Munro  of  Foulis.  Beginning  at  the  left  of  the  first 
circle  and  ending  at  the  right  of  the  third  are  the  words,  "  Soli  deo  gloria." 
The  date  1680  probably  refers  to  the  time  of  its  erection.  The  Effie  Ross 
here  mentioned  was  the  granddaughter  of  Sir  David  Ross,  seventh  Laird 
of  Balnagown  (d.  May  20,  1527),  and  his  wife,  Helen  Keith.  Effie's  father  was 
William  of  Ardgay.  afterward  first  of  lnvercharron,  second  son  of  Sir  David. 



Arms  of  Alexander  Stewart.  Earl  of  Buchan, 
who  married  Euphemia,  Countess  of  Ross, 
1382.— [Stodart's    "  Scottish    Arms." 

In  the  account  of  the 
funeral  of  Hugh  Munro  of 
Teaninich  in  1703  (see 
page  139)  the  names  of 
"Alexr.  Munro  of  Dahan " 
and  "  Hector  Munro  the 
younger  of  Dahan."  appear 
in  the  list  of  those  in  at- 
tendance from  the  parish 
of  Edderton.  The  former 
was  probably  a  son  and 
the  latter  a  grandson  of 
Hector  Munro  and  Effie 
Ross.  A  strange  feature  of 
the  carving  is  the  motto 
surrounding  the  Ross  arms. 
"  Nobilis  est  ira  leonis." 
which  was  the  motto  of 
the  Rosses  of  Shandwick 
and  Balblair  (descended 
from  Hugh  Ross,  fourth 
Laird  of  Balnagowni, 
while  the  Effie  Ross  men- 
tioned was  of  the  Rosses 
of         Invercharron  (de- 

scended from  David  Ross, 
seventh  Laird  of  Balna- 
gown).  It  would  seem 
that  William  Ross,  of 
Ardgay,  first  of  Inverchar- 
ron. must  have  adopted 
the  motto  of  Shandwick. 
rather  than  the  motto  of 
Balnagown,  "  Spent  suc- 
cessus  alit."  The  carving 
contained  no  lines  indicat- 
ing color.  This  interesting 
memorial  of  the  past  was 
some  years  ago  removed 
by  Lady  Ross  to  Balna- 
LMiwn    Castle. 

Many  members  of  the 
family  have  been  troubled 
about  the  different  tinc- 
tures used  by  various 
members  of  the  race  both 
in      this      countrv      and      in 

Scotland,  but  modern  English  heraldry  takes  no  account  of  the  custom  pre- 
vailing both  in  France  and  Scotland  of  differentiating  the  same  coat-of-arms 
by  changing  the  color  of  the  shield  and  the  color  of  the  charges,  to  show  a 

Arms  of  Ross.  87 

younger  branch.  Neither  does  modern  English  heraldry  say  anything  about 
the  custom  in  both  countries  of  taking  crests  for  cadet  houses  other  than  the 
one  used  by  the  chief  of  the  family. 

Malcolm  Ross  of  Kindeace.  third  son  of  David  Ross  of  Pitcalnie,  received 
a  grant  of  arms  in  1672  which  were  thus  described :  "  Gu.  3  Lyoncells  ramp. 
arg.,  within  a  bordure,  counter  compound  of  the  2d  and  1st;  crest,  a  fox 
passant  proper;  motto,  Caute  11011  astute." 

Alexander  Ross,  eldest  son  of  the  second  marriage  of  the  above  Malcolm 
Ross  of  Kindeace,  obtained  a  grant  of  arms  from  the  Lyon  office,  dated 
March  1,  1699.  He  was  styled  "  Master  Alexander  Ross,  merchant  in  Copen- 
hagen, lawful  son  to  Malcolm  Ross  of  Kindeace,  and  lawfully  descended  of 
the  family  of  Balnagown."  The  grant  says  :  "  The  said  Mr.  Alexander  for 
his  ensigns  armorial!  Bears  Gules  three  Lyoncells  rampant  argent,  within 
a  bordure  counter  compound  of  the  second  and  first,  and  for  his  Brotherly 
difference  a  Crescent  in  abysm  or  in  the  center  argent  on  an  helmet  answer- 
able to  his  degree  with  a  mantle  gules  doubling  argent,  and  wreath  of  his 
colours  is  sett  for  his  Crest  a  Fox  passant  proper,  with  this  motto  in  an 
Escroll  above.   Caute  non  astute." 

George  Ross  of  Morangie,  "  descended  of  Balnagown,"  registered  his  arms 
at  the  Lyon  office  about  1672,  as  follows :  "  Gu.  3  lioncells  rampant  between  as 
many  stars  arg.;  next  is  placed  on  one  torse  for  his  crest  a  foxhead  coupled 
proper ;   motto,   Spes   aspera   levat." 

Charles  Ross,  writer  in  Edinburgh,  obtained  a  grant  of  arms  from  the 
Lyon  office  in  1703,  which  were  described  as  follows  :  "  Gu.  3  roses  slipped  in 
fees  betwixt  as  many  lioncells  rampant  arg.;  above  the  shield  an  helmet 
befitting  his  degree  mantled  gu.,  doubled  arg.;  crest,  a  fox  issuant  out  of  the 
torse  with  a  rose  in  his  mouth  proper  ;  motto,  a  Rosam  ne  rode."  He  was 
a  descendant  of  Ross  of  Kindeace. 

David  Ross  of  Priesthill,  a  judge  in  1747,  registered  his  coat  of  arms  June 
12,  1767,  as  follows :  "  Gu.  three  lions  rampant,  arg.  and  langued  az.,  within 
a  border  of  the  second  for  difference ;  crest,  a  dexter  hand  holding  a  laurel 
garland  proper;  motto,  Nobilis  est  ira  leonis." 

David  Ross  (born,  1775 ;  died,  1799),  a  descendant  of  the  house  of  Shand- 
wick,  and  a  lieutenant  in  the  First  Regiment  of  Foot  under  General  Burgoyne 
in  America,  registered  a  coat  of  arms  on  December  5,  1795,  which  was 
described  as  follows :  "  Gu.  3  Lyons  ramp.,  arg.  and  on  a  chief  or,  3  legs 
conjoined  at  the  center  at  the  upper  part  of  the  thigh,  and  flexed  in  triangle 
azure ;  crest,  a  lymphad,  her  oars  in  action  proper,  flagged  gules  ;  motto.  Pro 

The  arms  of  Ross  of  Shandwick,  upon  parchment,  sent  to  Hon.  John  Ross, 
of  Philadelphia,  in  1764,  by  Hugh  Ross,  merchant  in  London,  then  head  of 
the  house  of  Shandwick,  were  for  a  long  time  in  possession  of  Hon.  John 
Read  (1769-1854),  Senator  of  Pennsylvania;  they  were  afterward  in  pos- 
session of  Miss  Emily  Read  and  Mrs.  Major  Reeves,  her  sister,  and  hung  in 
their  ancient  mansion  at  Newcastle,  Del.  The  parchment  was  later  given 
to  Miss  Julia  Ross  Potter  and  now  hangs  in  Mrs.  William  Potter's  hospitable 
house,  21 19  Oak  street,  Baltimore,  Md. 

88  Rossi  an  a. 

The  appended  notes  are  taken  from  volume  two  of  Stodart's  "  Scottish 
Arms  "  (being  a  collection  of  armorial  bearings,  1370-1678,  reproduced  in 
facsimile  from  contemporary  manuscripts,  with  heraldic  and  genealogical 
notes  by  R.  R.  Stodart,  1881)  : 

Arms  of  Ross  of  Balnagown- [Stodart's  "  Scottish  Arms. 

Referring  to  the  arms  of  John,  Earl  of  Ross  and  Lord  of  the  Isles,  Stodart 
says  (page  37)  :  "  The  field  should  be  gules,  the  lions  argent,  and  the  tressure 
probably  or."  Again,  below,  on  the  same  page,  he  says :  "In  the  armorial  of 
Gilles  Le  Bouvier  Berry  Roi  d'Armes,  A.  D.  1450-1455  is  a  shield  described 

Anns  of  Ross.  89 

as  the  arms  of  the  Earl  of  Sutherland,  but  probably  meant  for  those  of  the 
Earl  of  Ross,  as  the  bearing  of  that  family  was  gules  three  lions  rampant 
argent.  John,  Earl  of  Sutherland  at  that  time  being  the  husband  of  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Alexander,  Earl  of  Ross  and  lord  of  the  Isles." 

In  Forman's  Roll  (page  77)  :  "  Ross  of  Balnagown  —  This  is  evidently  Ross 
of  Mont  Grenane  for  which  it  must  be  intended,  as  Balnagown  bore  three  lions 
rampant.  Also  the  arms  of  Ross  are  usually  first  and  fourth  Scotland,  second 
Ross,  third  Brechanbroke." 

Page  96:  "Workman's  MSS.  mentions  Robert  II.,  and  Euphemia  Ross. 
In  this  MSS.  there  is  a  series  of  engravings  with  surcoats  on  which  their  arms- 
are  represented." 

Page  284:  "The  second  Lindsey  MS.  1603-5,  mentions  the  Lord  of  Ross. 
Melville  in  the  first  and  fourth  quarters.  Then  mentions  the  laird  of  Balna- 
gown. The  arms  of  the  Lord  of  the  Isles  are  in  Lindsey.  Bouvier  gives  those 
of  one  of  the  latter  Lords." 

Page  288:  "  Ross  of  Balnagown.  Balnagown  was  granted  by  William  Earl 
of  Ross  before  1370  to  his  brother  Hugh,  with  whose  descendants  it  remained 
until  the  death  without  issue  in  171 1  of  David  Ross.  This  gentleman  left  the 
estate,  which  had  been  erected  into  a  barony  in  1615,  away  from  his  right  heirs. 
He  seems  to  have  a  passion  for  executing  long  documents,  as  he  not  only  made 
three  different  deeds  of  entail,  but  arranged  to  execute  a  resignation  of  his 
pretentions  to  the  Earldom  of  Ross  in  favour  of  William  Lord  Ross  of  Hawk- 
head,  who  hoped  to  obtain  a  regrant  from  the  Crown.  Balnagown  had  two 
sisters  —  Isabel,  who  married  Innes  of  Lightnet,  and  Catherine,  the  wife  of 
John  MacKenzie  of  Inverlawell ;  Malcolm  Ross  of  Pitcalnie  became  heir  male 
and  his  descendant  is  the  present  representative.  Two  savages  were  borne  as 
supporters.  The  seal  of  Hugh  of  Rarichies  afterwards  of  Balnagown  in  1351,. 
at  which  time  his  elder  brother  was  alive,  has  a  mullet  in  base  as  a  mark  of 
difference  and  what  Mr.  Laign  describes  as  a  bordure  charged  with  eleven 
escalopes  or  ermine  spots ;  perhaps  this  is  the  tressure  which  was  borne  by 
several  of  the  Earls  of  Ross." 

The  following  paragraphs  probably  refer  to  one  of  the  numerous  families- 
of  Rose,  as  the  description  of  the  arms  would  indicate : 

Speaking  of  the  Le  Sire  de  Ros  (page  33)  :  "At  this  time  Thomas  de  Ros, 
Baron  of  Hamlake,  was  the  representative  of  the  great  house  to  which 
belonged  William  de  Ros,  a  competitor  for  the  Crown  of  Scotland  in  1296. 
Three  water  bougets  were  his  arms,  and  gules,  three  water  bougets  argent, 
is  the  blazon  in  the  Caerlaverock  Roll.  It  does  not,  however,  seem  very 
likely  that  in  1370  this  family  of  Ros  would  be  included  in  a  Scotch  roll  of 
arms,  as  their  connection  with  that  country  had  long  ceased. 

Page  101 :  "  Workman's  MSS.  Lord  Ros.  Quartered,  or,  a  chevron 
chequered  sable  and  argent,  between  water  bougets  of  the  second;  second 
and  third  gules,  three  crescents  argent  within  a  border  of  the  second,  charged 
with  eight  roses  of  the  field ;  crest,  a  fox  courant ;  motto,  "  Thynk  on ;'" 
supporters,  two  falcons.     The  crest  was  soon  after  changed  to  a  falcon's  head.' 


THIS  tribe  is  designated  by  the  Highlanders  as  the  Clan  Anrias,  which  is 
altogether  different  from  their  name,  as  in  a  similar  way,  the  Robert- 
sons are  called  the  Clan  Donnachie.  In  the  ancient  genealogical 
history  they  are  called  "  Clan  Anrias,"  and  it  begins  with  Paul  MacTire,  to 
whom  William,  Earl  of  Ross,  Lord  of  Skye,  granted  a  charter  for  the  lands 
of  Gairloch  in  1366,  witnessed  by  Alexander,  Bishop  of  Ross,  Hergone. 
brother  of  Earl  William,  Henry  the  Seneschal,  and  others. 

Robertson  mentions  that  in  the  Earl  of  Haddington's  Collections  he  met 
with  an  entry  in  the  reign  of  Alexander  II.,  dated  about  1220,  of  a  "  charter 
to  Ferquhard  Ross,  of  the  Earldom  of  Ross."  This  Ferquhard,  he  adds, 
was  called  Macant-Sagart,  or  the  Priest's  son,  and  has,  with  reason,  been 
supposed  to  be  the  son  of  Gille-Anrias,   from  whom  the  clan  took  its  name. 

He  founded  the  Abbey  of  Fearn,  in  Ross-shire,  in  the  reign  of  Alexander 
II.  His  son.  Earl  William,  was  one  of  the  Scottish  nobles  who,  under 
Alexander  III.,  bound  themselves  to  make  no  peace  with  England  in  which 
the  Prince  and  chiefs  of  Wales  were  not  included.  This  line  ended  in 
Euphemia,  Countess  of  Ross,  who  became  a  nun,  and  resigned  the  Earldom 
of  Ross  to  her  uncle,  John,  Earl  of  Buchan. 

The  Rosses  of  Balnagown  were  a  very  ancient  line,  as  they  sprang  from 
William,  Earl  of  Ross,  a  great  patriot  and  steady  friend  of  Robert  I.  His 
son,  Earl  Hugh,  was  killed  at  Halidon  Hill,  hghting  for  his  King  and 
country,  in  1334. 

The  ancient  Rosses  of  Balnagown  failed,  and  by  an  unusual  circumstance 
the  estate  came,  by  purchase,  to  another  family  of  the  same  name,  the  Lords 
Ross  of  Hawkhead.  an  old  and  very  honorable  branch  of  the  clan,  which 
failed  on  the  death  of  George,  twelfth  Lord  Ross,  in  1754,  at  Ross  House, 
and  of  his  son.  the  Master,  at  Mount  Teviot,  when  his  title  went  to  the 
Earls  of  Glasgow. 

The  line  of  Balnagown  is  thus  given  in  1729  by  George  Crawfurd,  His- 
toriographer for  Scotland,  and  other  authorities. 

Hugh  Ross,  second  son  of  Hugh,  Earl  of  Ross,  married  the  heiress  of 
Balnagown.  and  was  succeeded  by  William,  second  laird  of  Ba'nagown, 
who  married  a  daughter  of  the  Lord  Livingstone.  Their  son  William  mar- 
ried Catharine,  the  daughter  of  Paul  MacTire.  She  was  the  heiress  of 
Strathcarron,  Strathoykel,  and  Fostray. 

Hugh,  third  laird  of  Balnagown,  married  Lady  Janet,  daughter  of  the 
Earl  of  Sutherland,  and  had  by  her  John,  his  heir,  and  William  Ross  of 
Little  Allan  and  Coulnaki,  predecessor  of  the  Rosses  of  Shandwick. 

John,  fourth  of  Balnagown,  married  a  daughter  of  Torquil  MacLeod  of 
the  Lewes.  Their  son  Alexander  married  a  lady  of  the  Duff  us  family,  and 
had  "  Sir  David  Ross,  who  married  Helen  of  Inverugie,  daughter  to  Mari- 
schal's  predecessor,  by  whom  he  had  Walter,  his  son  and  heir,  and  William 


And  where  low,  tufted  broom  or  box  or  berry'd  juniper  arise. 
Dyer  "The  Fleece" 

Our  woods  with  juniper  and  chestnuts  crown'd 
With  falling  fruit  and  berries  paint  the  ground 
And  lavish  Nature  laughs  and  strews  her  stores  around. 
Dryden  "Seventh  Pastoral" 

Origin  of  the  Clan   System.  91 

who  was  the  root  of  Rosses  of  Invercharron  and  its  branches.  The  said 
Walter  married  Mary,  daughter  of  James  Grant  of  Frenchy,  Laird  of  Grant." 

Their  son  Alexander  was  twice  married.  First,  to  Jean,  daughter  of 
George,  Earl  of  Caithness,  by  whom  he  had  George,  his  successor;  second, 
to  Katharine,  daughter  of  MacKenzie  of  Kintail.  by  whom  he  had  a  son 
Nicholas,  the  first  of  the  line  of  Pitcalnie.     He  died  in   1591. 

George,  sixth  of  Balnagown,  married  Marjorie.  daughter  of  Sir  John 
Campbell  of  Cawdor,  with  "  a  tachor  of  3000  merks  "  in  1572.  They  had  a 
daughter,  married  to  the  Laird  of  Kintail,  and  a  son,  David,  seventh  of 
Balnagown,  who.  by  Anne  of  Tullibardine,  had  a  son,  "  David  the  Loyal." 
who  married  Mary,  Lord  Lovat's  daughter.  He  died  at  Windsor  Castle 
after  the  Restoration,  and  Charles  II.  bestowed  upon  him  and  his  heirs  for 
ever  a  pension  of  4000  merks   Scots,  yearly. 

David,  the  last  Laird  of  Balnagown,  married  Lady  Ann  Stewart,  daughter 
of  the  Earl  of  Murray,  and  dying  without  issue,  conveyed  his  estate  to 
Brigadier  Charles  Ross,  son  of  George,  tenth  Lord  Ross  of  Hawkhead,  by 
his  second  wife,  Lady  Jean  Ramsay,  daughter  to  the  Earl  of  Dalhousie. 

The  Brigadier  was  an  officer  of  high  military  reputation,  and  in  1729  was 
Colonel  of  the  old  5th  Royal  Irish  Horse,  raised  in  1688,  and  disbanded 
after  the  Rebellion  of   1798. 

Ross  of  Pitcalnie  was  supposed  to  represent  the  ancient  line  of  Balnagown, 
the  present  Baronets  of  Balnagown  being  in  reality   Lockharts. 

In  1745  the  fighting  force  of  the  clan  was  500  men. 


The  Goidelic  word  eland  or  claim  (in  Welsh,  plant)  signifies  seed,  and 
in  a  general  sense  children,  descendants.  In  the  latter  sense  it  was 
used  as  one  of  many  terms  to  designate  groups  of  kindred  in  the  tribal 
system  of  government  which  existed  in  Ireland  and  the  Highlands  of  Scot- 
land. Through  the  latter  country  the  word  passed  into  the  English  language, 
first  in  the  special  sense  of  the  Highland  clan,  afterwards  as  a  general  name 
into  the  tenure  of  land  in  different  countries  and  the  ancient  laws  and  insti- 
tutions of  Aryan  nations,  and  the  publication  of  various  Celtic  documents, 
particularly  the  ancient  laws  of  Ireland  and  Wales,  have  thrown  much  light 
on  the  constitution  of  the  clan  system,  and  given  it  a  wider  and  more 
important  interest  than  it  had  hitherto  possessed. 

Before  the  use  of  surnames  and  the  elaborate  written  genealogies,  a  tribe 
in  its  definite  sense  was  called  a  tuath,  a  word  of  wide  affinities,  from  a  root 
tit,  to  grow,  to  multiply,  existing  in  all  European  languages.  When  the  tribal 
system  began  to  be  broken  up  by  conquest  and  by  the  rise  of  towns  and  of 
territorial  government,  the  use  of  a  common  surname  furnished  a  new  bond 
for  keeping  up  a  connection  between  kindred.  The  head  of  a  tribe  or  smaller 
group  of  kindred  selected  some  ancestor  and  called  himself  his  Ua,  grandson, 
or  as  it  has  been  anglicized,  O' ,  e.  g.,  Ua  Conchobair  (O'  Conor),  Ua  Suit- 

!This  article  on  the  origin  of  the  clan  system,  which  has  been  inserted  as  being 
of  interest  to  many  readers,  is  from  the  Encyclopaedia  Britannica,  vol.  5,  pages  799 
et    seq. 



leabhain  (O'Sullivan).  All  his  kindred  adopted  the  same  name,  the  chief 
using  no  fore-name  whatever.  The  usual  mode  of  distinguishing  a  person 
before  the  introduction  of  surnames  was  to  name  his  father  and  grandfather, 
c.  g.,  Owen,  son  of  Donal,  son  of  Dermot.  This  naturally  led  some  to  form 
their  surnames  with  Mac,  son,  instead  of  Ua,  grandson,  c.  g.,  Mac  Carthaigh, 
son  of  Carthach  (Mac  Carthy).  Mac  Ruaidhri,  son  of  Rory  (Macrory). 
Both  methods  have  been  followed  in  Ireland,  but  in  Scotland  Mac  came  to 
be  exclusively  used.  The  adoption  of  such  genealogical  surnames  fostered 
the  notion  that  all  who  bore  the  same  surname  were  kinsmen,  and  hence 
the  genealogical  term  chum,  which  properly  means  the  descendants  of  some 
progenitor,  gradually  became  synonymous  with  tuath,  tribe.  Like  all  purely 
genealogical  terms,  claim  may  be  used  in  the  limited  sense  of  a  particular 
tribe  governed  by  a  chief,  or  in  that  of  many  tribes  claiming  descent  from  a 
common  ancestor.  In  the  latter  sense  it  was  synonymous  with  sil,  siol, 
seed,  e.  g.,  siol  Alpine,  a  great  clan  which  included  the  smaller  clans  of  the 
Macgregors,  Grants,  Mackinnons,  Macnabs,  Macphies,  Macquarries,  and 

The  clan  system,  in  the  most  archaic  form  of  which  we  have  any  definite 
information,  can  be  best  studied  in  the  Irish  tuath,  or  tribe.  This  consisted 
of  two  classes: — (i)  tribesmen,  and  (2)  a  miscellaneous  class  of  slaves, 
criminals,  strangers,  and  their  descendants.  The  first  class  included  tribes- 
men by  blood  in  the  male  line,  including  all  illegitimate  children  acknowl- 
edged by  their  fathers,  and  tribesmen  by  adoption  or  sons  of  tribeswomen 
by  strangers,  foster-sons,  men  who  had  done  some  signal  service  to  the  tribe, 
and  lastly  the  descendants  of  the  second  class  after  a  certain  number  of 
generations.  Each  tuath  had  a  chief  called  a  rig,  king,  a  word  cognate  with 
the  Gaulish  rigs  or  ri.x,  the  Latin  reg-s  or  rex,  and  the  Old  Norse  rik-ir. 
The  tribesmen  formed  a  number  of  communities,  each  of  which,  like  the 
tribe  itself,  consisted  of  a  head,  ccann  fine,  his  kinsmen,  slaves,  and  other 
retainers.  This  was  the  tine,  or  sept.  Each  of  these  occupied  a  certain  part 
of  the  tribe-land,  the  arable  part  being  cultivated  under  a  system  of  co-tillage, 
the  pasture  land  co-grazed  according  to  certain  customs,  and  the  wood,  bog, 
and  mountains  forming  the  march-land  of  the  sept  being  the  unrestricted 
common  land  of  the  sept.  The  sept  was  in  fact  a  village  community  like  the 
Russian  mir,  or  rather  like  the  German  gcmcinde  and  Swiss  altnend,  which 
Sir  H.  S.  Maine,  M.  de  Laveleye,  and  others  have  shown  to  have  preceded 
in  every  European  country  the  existing  order  of  things  as  respects  owner- 
ship of  land. 

What  the  sept  was  to  the  tribe,  the  homestead  was  to  the  sept.  The  head 
of  a  homestead  was  an  aire,  a  representative  freeman  capable  of  acting  as 
a  witness,  compurgator,  and  bail.  These  were  very  important  functions, 
especially  when  it  is  borne  in  mind  that  the  tribal  homestead  was  the  home 
of  many  of  the  kinsfolk  of  the  head  of  the  family  as  well  as  of  his  own 
children.  The  descent  of  property  being  according  to  a  gavel-kind  custom, 
it  constantly  happened  that  when  an  aire  died  the  share  of  his  property  which 
each  member  of  his  immediate  family  was  entitled  to  receive  was  not  suffi- 
cient to  qualify  him  an  aire.  In  this  case  the  family  did  not  divide  the 
inheritance,  but  remained   together  as  "a  joint  and  undivided   family,"   one 

Origin  of  the  Clan  System.  93 

of  the  members  being  elected  chief  of  the  family  or  household,  and  in  this 
capacity  enjoyed  the  rights  and  privileges  of  an  aire.  Sir  H.  S.  Maine  has 
directed  attention  to  this  kind  of  family  as  an  important  feature  of  the  early 
institution  of  all  Aryan  nations.  Beside  the  "joint  and  undivided  family" 
there  was  another  kind  of  family  which  we  might  call  "  the  joint  family." 
This  was  a  partnership  composed  of  three  or  four  members  of  a  sept  whose 
individual  wealth  was  not  sufficient  to  qualify  each  of  them  to  be  an  aire, 
but  whose  joint  wealth  qualified  one  of  the  co-partners  as  head  of  the  joint 
family  to  be  one. 

So  long  as  there  was  abundance  of  land  each  family  grazed  its  cattle  upon 
the  tribe-land  without  restriction ;  unequal  increase  of  wealth  and  growth  of 
population  naturally  led  to  its  limitation,  each  head  of  a  homestead  being 
entitled  to  graze  an  amount  of  stock  in  proportion  to  his  wealth,  the  size 
of  his  homestead,  and  his  acquired  position.  The  arable  land  was  no  doubt 
applotted  annually  at  first,  gradually,  however,  some  of  the  richer  families  of 
the  tribe  succeeded  in  evading  this  exchange  of  allotments  and  converting 
part  of  the  common  land  into  an  estate  in  severalty.  Septs  were  at  first 
colonies  of  the  tribe  which  settled  on  the  march-land ;  afterwards  the  con- 
version of  part  of  the  common  land  into  an  estate  in  severalty  enabled  the 
family  that  acquired  it  to  become  the  parent  of  a  new  sept.  The  same  process 
might,  however,  take  place  within  a  sept  without  dividing  it ;  in  other  words, 
several  members  of  the  sept  might  hold  part  of  the  land  of  the  sept  as 
separate  estate.  The  possession  of  land  in  severalty  introduced  an  important 
distinction  into  the  tribal  system  —  it  created  an  aristocracy.  An  aire  whose 
family  held  the  same  land  for  three  generations  was  called  a  flaith,  or  lord, 
of  which  rank  there  were  several  grades  according  to  their  wealth  in  land 
and  chattels.  The  aires  whose  wealth  consisted  in  cattle  only  were  called 
bo-aires,  or  cow-aires,  of  whom  there  were  also  several  grades,  depending 
on  their  wealth  in  stock.  When  a  bo-aire  had  twice  the  wealth  of  the  lowest 
class  of  flaith  he  might  enclose  part  of  the  land  adjoining  his  house  as  a 
lawn;  this  was  the  first  step  towards  his  becoming  a  flaith.  The  relations 
which  subsisted  between  the  flaiths  and  the  bo-aires  formed  the  most  curious 
part  of  the  Celtic  tribal  system,  and  throw  a  flood  of  light  on  the  origin  of 
the  feudal  system.  Every  tribesman  without  exception  owed  ccilsinne  to 
the  rig,  or  chief,  that  is,  he  was  bound  to  become  his  ceile,  or  vassal.  This 
consisted  in  paying  the  rig  a  tribute  in  kind,  for  which  the  ceile  was  entitled 
to  receive  a  proportionate  amount  of  stock  without  having  to  give  any  bond 
for  their  return,  giving  him  service,  c.  g.,  in  building  his  dun,  or  stronghold, 
reaping  his  harvest,  keeping  the  roads  clean  and  in  repair,  killing  wolves, 
and  especially  service  in  the  field,  and  doing  him  homage  three  times  while 
seated  every  time  he  made  his  return  of  tribute.  Paying  the  "  calpe"  to 
the  Highland  chiefs  represented  this  kind  of  vassalage,  a  colpdach  or  heifer 
being  in  many  cases  the  amount  of  food-rent  paid  by  a  free  or  saer  ceile. 
A  tribesman  might,  however,  if  he  pleased,  pay  a  higher  rent  on  receiving 
more  stock  together  with  certain  other  chattels  for  which  no  rent  was 
chargeable.  In  this  case  he  entered  into  a  contract,  and  was  therefore  a 
bond  or  daer  ceile.  No  one  need  have  accepted  stock  on  these  terms,  nor 
•could  he  do  so  without  the  consent  of  his  sept,  and  he  might  free  himself 

94  Rossiana. 

at  any  time  from  his  obligation  by  returning  what  he  had  received,  and  the 
rent  due  thereon. 

What  every  one  was  bound  to  do  to  his  rig,  or  chief,  he  might  do  volun- 
tarily to  the  fiaith  of  his  sept,  to  any  fiaith  of  the  tribe,  or  even  to  one  of 
another  tribe.  He  might  also  become  a  bond  ccilc.  In  either  case  he  might 
renounce  his  ceileship  by  returning  a  greater  or  lesser  amount  of  stock  than 
what  he  had  received  according  to  the  circumstances  under  which  he  ter- 
minated his  vassalage.  Hence  the  anxiety  of  minor  chieftains,  in  later  times 
in  the  Highlands  of  Scotland,  to  induce  the  clansmen  to  pay  the  "  calpe" 
where  there  happened  to  be  a  doubt  as  to  who  was  entitled  to  be  chief. 

The  effect  of  the  custom  of  gavel-kind  was  to  equalize  the  wealth  of  each 
and  leave  no  one  wealthy  enough  to  be  chief.  The  "  joint  and  undivided 
family,"  and  the  formation  of  "joint  families,"  or  gilds,  was  one  way  of 
obviating  this  result;  another  way  was  the  custom  of  tanistry.  The  head- 
ship of  the  tribe  was  practically  confined  to  the  members  of  one  family;  this 
was  also  the  case  with  the  headship  of  a  sept.  Sometimes  a  son  succeeded 
his  father,  but  the  rule  was  that  the  eldest  and  most  capable  member  of  the 
geilfine,  that  is  the  relatives  of  the  actual  chief  to  the  fifth  degree,1  was 
selected  during  his  lifetime  to  be  his  successor, —  generally  the  eldest  sur- 
viving brother  or  son  of  the  preceding  chief.  The  man  selected  as  successor 
to  a  chief  of  a  tribe,  or  chieftain  of  a  sept,  was  called  the  tanist,  and  should 
be  "  the  most  experienced,  the  most  noble,  the  most  wealth}-,  the  wisest,  the 
most  learned,  the  most  truly  popular,  the  most  powerful  to  oppose,  the  most 
steadfast  to  sue  for  profits  and  [be  sued]  for  losses."  In  addition  to  these 
qualities  he  should  be  free  from  personal  blemishes  and  deformities,  and  of 
fit  age  to  lead  his  tribe  or  sept,  as  the  case  may  be,  to  battle."  So  far  as 
selecting  the  man  of  the  geilfine  who  was  supposed  to  possess  all  those 
qualities,  the  office  of  chief  of  a  tribe  or  chieftain  of  a  sept  was  elective, 
but  as  the  geilfine  was  represented  by  four  persons  together  with  the  chief 
or  chieftain,  the  election  wras  practically  confined  to  one  of  the  four.  In 
order  to  support  the  dignity  of  the  chief  or  chieftain  a  certain  portion  of  the 
tribe  or  sept  was  attached  as  an  appanage  to  the  office;  this  land,  with  the 
duns,  or  fortified  residences  upon  it,  went  to  the  successor,  but  a  chief's  own 
property  might  be  gavelled.  This  custom  of  tanistry  applied  at  first  prob- 
ably to  the  selection  of  the  successors  of  a  rig  but  was  gradually  so  extended 
that  even  a  bo-aire  had  a  tanist. 

A  sept  might  have  only  one  fiaitJi,  or  lord,  connected  with  it,  or  might 
have  several.  It  sometimes  happened,  however,  that  a  sept  might  be  so 
broken  and  reduced  as  not  to  have  even  one  man  qualified  to  rank  as  a 
fiaith.  The  rank  of  a  fiaith  depended  upon  the  number  of  his  ceiles,  that 
is,  upon  his  wealth.     The  fiaith  of  a   sept,  and  the  highest  when   there  was 

*It  is  right  to  mention  that  the  explanation  here  given  of  geilfine  is  different  from 
that  given  in  the  introduction  to  the  third  volume  of  the  Ancient  Laws  of  Ireland, 
which  has  been  followed  by  Sir  H.  S.  Maine  in  his  account  of  it  in  his  Early  History 
of  Institutions,  and  which   the  present  writer  believes  to   be  erroneous. 

2It  should  also  be  mentioned  that  illegitimacy  was  not  a  bar.  The  issue  of 
"  handfest  "  marriages  in  Scotland  were  eligible  to  be  chiefs,  and  even  sometimes 
claimed    under   feudal    law. 

Origin  of  the  Clan  System.  95 

more  than  one,  was  ceann  fine,  or  head  of  the  sept,  or  as  he  was  usually 
called  in  Scotland,  the  chieftain.  He  was  also  called  the  flaith  geilfine,  or 
head  of  the  geilfine,  that  is,  the  kinsmen  to  the  fifth  degree  from  among 
whom  should  be  chosen  the  tanist,  and  who  according  to  the  custom  of 
gavel-kind  were  the  immediate  heir-  who  received  the  personal  property 
and  were  answerable  for  the  liabilities  of  the  sept.  The  flaiths  of  the  different 
septs  were  the  vassals  of  the  rig,  or  chief  of  the  tribe  and  performed  certain 
functions  which  were  no  doubt  at  first  individual,  but  in  time  became  the 
hereditary  right  of  the  sept.  One  of  those  was  the  office  of  maer,  or  steward 
of  the  chief's  rents,  &c.  j1  and  another  that  of  aire  tuisi,  leading  aire,  or 
taoiscch,  a  word  cognate  with  the  Latin  dues  or  dux,  and  Anglo-Saxon 
heve-tog,  leader  of  the  "  here,"  or  army.  The  taoiscch  was  leader  of  the 
tribe  in  battle ;  in  later  times  the  term  seems  to  have  been  extended  to  sev- 
eral offices  of  rank.  The  cadet  of  a  Highland  clan  was  always  called  the 
taoiscch,  which  has  been  translated  captain ;  after  the  conquest  of  Wales 
the  same  term,  tywysaug,  was  used  for  a  ruling  prince.  Slavery  was  very 
common  in  Ireland  and  Scotland;  in  the  former  slaves  constituted  a  common 
element  in  the  stipends  or  gifts  which  the  higher  kings  gave  their  vassal 
sub-reguli.  Female  slaves  who  were  employed  in  the  houses  of  chiefs  and 
flaiths  in  grinding  meal  with  the  hand-mill  or  quern,  and  in  other  domestic 
work,  must  have  been  very  common,  for  the  unit  or  standard  for  estimating 
the  wealth  of  a  bo-aire,  blood-fines,  &c,  was  called  a  cuinhal,  the  value  of 
which  was  three  cows,  but  which  literally  meant  a  female  slave.  The 
descendants  of  those  slaves,  prisoners  of  war,  forfeited  hostages,  refugees 
from  other  tribes,  broken  tribesmen,  &c,  gathered  round  the  residence 
of  the  rig  and  flaiths,  or  squatted  upon  their  march-lands,  forming  a  motley 
band  of  retainers  which  made  a  considerable  element  in  the  population,  and 
one  of  the  chief  sources  of  the  wealth  of  chiefs  and  flaiths.  The  other 
principal  source  of  their  income  was  the  food-rent  paid  by  ccilcs,  and  espe- 
cially by  the  daer  or  bond  ccilcs.  who  were  hence  called  biathachs,  from 
biad,  food.  A  flaith.  but  not  a  rig,  might,  if  he  liked,  go  to  the  house  of 
his  ceile  and  consume  his  food-rent  in  the  house  of  the  latter. 

Under  the  influence  of  feudal  ideas  and  the  growth  of  the  modern  views 
as  to  ownership  of  land,  the  chiefs  and  other  lords  of  clans  claimed  in 
modern  times  the  right  of  bestowing  the  tribe-land  as  turcrec,  instead  of 
stock,  and  receiving  rent  not  for  cattle  and  other  chattels  as  in  former 
times,  but  proportionate  to  the  extent  of  land  given  to  them.  The  turcrec- 
land  seems  to  have  been  at  first  given  upon  the  same  terms  as  turcrec-stock, 

1This  office  is  of  considerable  importance  in  connection  with  early  Scottish  history. 
In  the  Irish  annals  the  rig,  or  chief  of  a  great  tribe  (mor  tuath),  such  as  of  Ross, 
Moray,  Marr,  Buchan,  &c,  is  called  a  mor,  maer,  or  great  maer.  Sometimes  the  same 
person  is  called  king  also  in  these  annals.  Thus  Findlaec,  or  Finlay,  son  of  Ruadhri, 
the  father  of  Shakespeare's  Macbeth,  is  called  king  of  Moray  in  the  Annals  of  Ulster, 
and  mor  maer  in  the  Annals  of  Tighernach.  The  term  is  never  found  in  Scottish 
charters,  but  it  occurs  in  the  Book  of  the  Abbey  of  Deir  in  Buchan,  now  in  the  library 
of  the  University  of  Cambridge.  The  Scotic  kings  and  their  successors  obviously 
regarded  the  chiefs  of  the  great  tribes  in  question  merely  as  their  maers,  while  their 
tribesmen  only  knew  them  as  kings.  From  these  "  mor-maerships,"  which  corresponded 
with  the  ancient  mor  tuatha,   came  most,   if  not   all,   the  ancient   Scottish    earldoms. 

•96  Rossi  an  a. 

but  gradually  a  system  of  short  leases  grew  up ;  sometimes,  too,  it  was  given 
on  mortgage.  In  the  Highlands  of  Scotland  ceiles  who  received  turcrec- 
land  were  called  "  taksmen."  On  the  death  of  the  chief  or  lord,  his  suc- 
cessor either  bestowed  the  land  upon  the  same  person  or  gave  it  to  some 
other  relative.  In  this  way  in  each  generation  new  families  came  into 
possession  of  land,  and  others  sank  into  the  mass  of  mere  tribesmen. 
Sometimes  a  "taksman"  succeeded  in  acquiring  his  land  in  perpetuity,  by 
gift,  marriage,  or  purchase,  or  even  by  the  "  strong  hand."  The  universal 
prevalence  of  exchangeable  allotments,  or  the  rundale  system,  shows  that 
down  to  even  comparatively  modern  times  some  of  the  land  was  still  recog- 
nized as  the  property  of  the  tribe,  and  was  cultivated  in  village  communities. 

The  chief  governed  the  clan  by  the  aid  of  a  council  called  the  sabaid  (sab, 
a  prop),  but  the  chief  exercised  much  power,  especially  over  the  miscel- 
laneous body  of  non-tribesmen  who  lived  on  his  own  estate.  The  power 
seems  to  have  extended  to  life  and  death.  Several  of  the  fiaiths,  perhaps, 
all  heads  of  septs,  also  possessed  somewhat  extensive  powers  of  the  same 

The  Celtic  dress,  at  least  in  the  Middle  Ages,  consisted  of  a  kind  of  shirt 
reaching  to  a  little  below  the  knees  called  a  lenn,  a  jacket  called  an  inar, 
and  a  garment  called  a  brat,  consisting  of  a  single  piece  of  cloth.  This  was 
apparently  the  garb  of  the  aires,  who  appear  to  have  been  further  distin- 
guished by  the  number  of  colours  in  their  dress,  for  we  are  told  that  while 
a  slave  had  clothes  of  one  colour,  a  rig  tuatha,  or  chief  of  a  tribe,  had  five, 
and  an  ollamh  and  a  superior  king,  six.  The  breeches  was  also  known,  and 
cloaks  with  a  cowl  or  hood,  which  buttoned  up  tight  in  front.  The  lenn 
is  the  modern  kilt,  and  the  brat  the  plaid,  so  that  the  dress  of  the  Irish  and 
Welsh  in  former  times  was  the  same  as  that  of  the  Scottish  Highlander. 

By  the  abolition  of  the  heritable  jurisdiction  of  the  Highland  chiefs,  and 
the  general  disarmament  of  the  clans  by  the  Acts  passed  in  1747  after  the 
rebellion  of  1745,  the  clan  system  was  practically  broken  up,  though  its  influ- 
ence still  lingers  in  the  more  remote  districts.  An  Act  was  also  passed  in 
1747  forbidding  the  use  of  the  Highland  garb;1  but  the  injustice  and  impolicy 
of  such  a  law  being  generally  felt  it  was  afterwards  repealed.         (w.  k.  s.) 

1The  following  oath  was  administered  at  Fort  'William  and  other  places  in  1747  and 

"  I,  [name],  do  swear,  as  I  shall  answer  to  God  at  the  great  day  of  judgment,  that 
I  have  not,  nor  shall  have,  in  my  possession  any  gun,  sword,  pistol,  or  any  arm 
whatsoever,  and  that  I  never  use  tartan,  plaid,  or  any  part  of  the  Highland  garb;  and 
if  I  do  so,  may  I  be  cursed  in  my  undertakings,  family  and  property, —  may  I  never 
see  my  wife  and  children,  father,  mother,  or  relations, —  may  I  be  killed  in  battle  as 
a  coward,  and  lie  without  Christian  burial  in  a  strange  land,  far  from  the  graves  of 
my   forefathers   and  kindred;    may   all   this   come   across    me    if    I    break   my    oath." 

-TAR-TAN      OF"     "THE!     CLAN      OR      ROSS 


Settlement  of  the  Contest  in  1876  — Efforts  to  Discover  a  Missing 
Family  Tree  Sent  by  Hugh  Ross,  Merchant  in  London  and  Head 
of  the  House  of  Shandwick,  to  Hon.  John  Ross,  Counselor-at-Law 
in  Philadelphia,  in  1764  —  Discovery  of  a  Similar  Tree  Sent  to 
Another  John  Ross. 

BY  THE  death  of  the  direct  representative  of  the  house  of  Shandwick 
(Miss  Cockburn  Ross),  without  issue,  in  1872,  the  question  of  the 
succession  to  the  estate  was  left  open,  and  a  number  of  claimants 
appeared,  all  basing  their  claims  upon  descent  from  Andrew  Ross,  seventh 
of  Shandwick,  from  whom  Miss  Cockburn  Ross  had  descended.  The  final 
disposition  of  the  matter  depended  upon  the  order  of  birth  of  the  several 
sons  of  Andrew.  An  effort  was  made  by  the  attorneys  of  some  of  the 
claimants  to  discover  a  certain  family  tree  which,  their  records  showed,  had 
been  sent  in  1764  to  Hon.  John  Ross,  counselor-at-law  in  Philadelphia,  grand- 
son of  David  Ross  of  Balblair,  and  a  descendant  of  the  house  of  Shandwick 
through  the  branch  of  Balmachy,  by  his  kinsman,  Hugh  Ross,  merchant  in 
London,  then  head  of  the  Shandwick  house. 

After  much  correspondence  with  American  representatives  of  the  Ross 
family,  the  matter  was  finally  referred  to  General  Meredith  Read,  a  descend- 
ant of  David  Ross  of  Balblair,  who  made  an  earnest  effort  to  recover  the 
missing  tree  by  a  search  of  the  family  archives.  He  found,  first,  a  letter 
dated    1763,   from   Hon.   John  Ross  to   Dr.   Gordon,   then   about  to   sail   for 

England,  as   follows : 

Philad:  April  30th,  1763. 

Dear  Sir. —  As  it  is  a  doubtful  point  whether  my  name  sakes  in  London 
be  of  the  same  family  with  myself  I  decline  writeing  to  either  of  those 
gentlemen  till  I  am  satisfied  in  that  matter  and  the  rather  least  they  should 
imagine  I  wanted  to  scrape  kindred  with  them,  and  call  on  them  for  some 
favours  inconsistent  with  their  inclinations  or  interest  to  grant.  But 
because  I  honoured  and  loved  my  good  father  and  entertained  a  high 
affection  to  all  to  whom  he  was,  (and  through  him  I  now  am),  related  and 
should  greatly  rejoice  to  find  any  branch  of  his  family  resident  in  London 
with  whom  I  might  now  and  then  correspond,  I  must  entreat  your  kind  favor 
to  examine  whether  any  relationship  subsists  between  these  gentlemen  and 
myself,  &  favor  me  with  a  line  on  the  occasion,  and  should  that  be  my 
happy  case,  I  trust  that  they  never  will  have  occasion  to  be  ashamed  of  any 
American  Relation ;  and  the  better  to  enable  you  to  make  this  enquiry, 
permit  me  to  subjoin  an  extract  of  my  father's  own  account  sent  me  of 
his  birth  and  parentage.  I  wish  you  a  safe  and  pleasant  passage,  and  am  with 
great  truth  Dr  Doctor 

Your  most  obedt  humble  servant 

John  Ross. 

This  letter,  enclosing  an  account  of  his  descent  by  Rev.  George  Ross,  was  in 
due  season  presented  by  Dr.  Gordon  to  Hugh  Ross,  merchant  in  London,  head 



of  the  house  of  Shanchvick,  who  wrote  as  follows  to  David  Ross,  writer  in 

Edinburgh  : 

London,  March  22d,  1764. 

Dear  Sir. — ■  You'l  see  by  the  within  Letters  to  Doctor  Gordin  from  John 
Ross  Esqr  Counselor  of  Law  at  Philadelphia  That  this  gentlemen's  father 
was  second  son  of  David  Ross  of  Balblair,  I  must  referr  you  to  the  very  full 
and  distinct  account  he  gives  of  himself  and  as  Mr.  John  Ross  son  of  George 
Ross  Rector  of  Newcastle  in  Philadelphia  is  desirous  of  having  the  best 
Account  possible  of  his  Pedigree  and  descent;  I  desire  that  you'l  get  such 
from  the  best  authoritys  you  can  and  have  it  properly  attested  and  the  gentle- 
man's connections  as  to  my  family  as  they  will  appear  to  be,  as  I  shall  be 
glad  of  every  connection  to  a  gentleman  of  Mr  Ross's  character.  If  you  was 
to  consult  my  brother  Sandy  those  matters  I  do  not  presume  to  shine  in 
equal  to  him  and  I  believe  it  would  afford  him  some  pleasure.  You'l  tell 
my  brother  I  wonder  I  do  not  hear  from  him. 

I  am  &ca 

Hugh  Ross. 

Hugh  Ross  of  Shandwick,  writer  of  the  above,  some  six  months  later, 
wrote  to  Hon.  John  Ross,  counselor-at-law  in  Philadelphia,  enclosing  the 
family  tree  mentioned  as  being  likely  to  have  an  important  bearing  on  the 
Shandwick  succession.    The  letter  follows  : 

Dr  Sr 

Dr  Gordon  having  delivered  me  yours  and  coppys  of  my  worthy  kinsman 
your  deceased  fayr's  faithful  detail  of  his  and  your  descent  I  sent  coppys  to 
them  in  Ross-shire  where  I  have  not  been  for  many  years.  Your  uncle 
Andrew  Ross  of  Balblair  long  since  dead,  (whom  I  knew)  left  an  only  son, 
Andrew  Ross,  Doctor  of  Medecine  of  Kingston  of  Jamaica,  also  dead  without 
heirs,  so  that  I  think  you  must  be  the  male  representative  of  that  house? 
And  as  I  find  your  ho.  of  Balblair  is  from  mine  of  Shandwick  I  hand  you  a 
ace*  yrof  herew1  not  inferior  to  any  extant  as  your  worthy  fayr  truly  tells 
you.  My  eldest  br  died  a  bachelor  you  shall  find  me  his  heir  as  the  his- 
toriographer of  Scotland's  deduction  shows.  A  parchment  whereof  herewt, 
also  Blazon  of  my  coat  armorial  on  parchmt  witout  any  risk  of  cadency  as 
my  h°  of  Alan  and  Shandwick  are  290  years  from  the  Earl  of  Ross  and  Barnv 
of  Rarichies  and  Bal :  if  you  desire  any  further  voucher  and  regular  cadency 
it  will  be  expensive  from  the  Lyon  King  at  Arms  his  Court  Edr  but  as  you 
stand  cadet  of  a  decayed  house  of  Balamuchy  from  me  you  may  take  what 
crest  and  mottoe  you  please ;  my  coat  has  a  star  or  mullet  in  front  of  the 
Lyons.  Balblair  of  your  title  was  purch*  by  my  br  as  it  was  part  of  his  ho. 
originally.  It  remains  yt.  I  assure  you  of  the  pleasure  Dr  Gordon's  hon'ble 
accts  of  you  gave  me.  Mrs  Ross  and  two  boys  all  wish  good  offices  for  you 
and  yours,  please  to  reive.  Your  commands  for  me  at  London  shall  meet 
w<  reciprocal  punctuality,  being  wl  my  little  family's  respects  to  yours. 

With  great  truth  and  esteem, 

Hugh  Ross. 

London,  St.  Mary  Axe,  October  1st,  1764. 

The  family  tree  mentioned  here  as  having  been  sent  to  Hon.  John  Ross 
was  undoubtedly  a  copy  of  the  tree  prepared  by  George  Crawfurd,  the  his- 
toriographer of  Scotland,  in   1729,  another  copy  of  which  was  in  possession 

Note. —  The  account  of  the  Ross  family  given  above  by  Hugh  Ross  in  his  letter  to 
Hon.  John  Ross  is  supported  by  documents  in  the  muniment  room  in  Dunrobin  Castle, 
Golspie,  Sutherlandshire,  Scotland,  the  seat  of  the  Duke  of  Sutherland,  as  well  as  by 
the  clear  and  comprehensive  account  prepared  by  Mr.  Frai*cis  Nevile-  Reid,  which 
appears  elsewhere  in  this  volume.  No  branch  of  the  Ross  family  in  Ametica,  however, 
ever  bore  a   mullet  or  any  other  mark  of  cadency. 

Shandwick  Succession.  99 

of  the  attorneys  interested  in  the  matter  of  the  Shandwick  succession.  Its 
value  lay  in  the  fact  that  the  copy  in  Edinburgh  showed  that  certain  entries 
had  been  made  in  a  handwriting  different  from  the  remainder  of  the  instru- 
ment, and  it  was  expected  that  the  American  copy,  if  found,  would,  by  com- 
parison, show  whether  these  entries  were  a  later  production  than  the  tree 
itself.  The  Crawford  tree,  of  which  the  American  document  was  supposed  to 
have  been  a  copy,  is  as  follows : 

A  Geneologie  of  the  Ancient  Earls  of  Ross  and  of  the  male  repre- 
sentative of  this  illustrious  Family  and  its  branches,  and  particu- 
larly of  the  Rosses  of  Shandwick. 

It  is  agreed  on  by  all  antiquaries  that  the  Earldom  of  Ross  is  one  of  the 
most  antient  erections  we  have.     Our  history  mentions  — 

Macinsagart  Comes  Rossensis,  in  the  reign  of  King  William,  that  by  his 
valour  and  conduct  he  defeated  the  rebellious  Murrays  and  obliged  them 
to  submit  to  the  king's  mercy.     He  was  succeeded  by  his  son  — 

Ferchard,  Earl  of  Ross,  whom  our  historians  mention  with  great  honour. 
In  the  reign  of  Alexander  the  Second  he  founded  the  Abbacy  of  Fern,  in 
the  County  and  Earldome  of  Ross  and  the  Chanors  of  Tain;  he  died  at  Tayn 
the  first  day  of  February,  1257.     He  was  succeeded  by  — 

Willielmus  Comes  de  Ross,  his  son,  of  whom  there  is  very  honorable 
mention  made  in  the  Federa  Angliae  in  the  year  1258.  He  married  Jean, 
daughter  of  William,  Earl  of  Buchan,  and  had  by  her  — 

William,  his  son  and  heir,  which  William,  the  second  of  that  name,  suc- 
ceeded his  father  in  1294,  and  is  mentioned  in  the  Federa  and  other  authen- 
tick  vouchers  in  the  competition  for  the  crown  betwixt  the  Bruce  and  the 
Baliol.  He  married  Matilda  Bruce,  daughter  of  Robert,  Earl  of  Carrick,  and 
sister  to  King  Robert  the  Bruce,  as  by  several  original  charters  the  author 
of  this  memorial  has  seen  and  perused,  granted  by  the  said  King  and  Matilda, 
his  sister,  and  to  their  heirs.     By  this  noble  Lady  he  had  a  son  — 

Hugh,  who  was  his  successor,  which  Hugh  adhered  with  great  fidelity  to 
King  Robert  the  Second,  and  contributed  not  a  little  to  fix  him  on  the  throne. 
He  adhered  with  no  less  fidelity  to  his  son.  King  David  the  Second,  in 
whose  service,  and  in  that  of  his  country,  he  lost  his  life  at  the  battle  of 
Halidon  Hill,  anno   1332.     He  left  behind  him  two  sons  — 

William,  his  successor,  and  Hugh  Ross  of  Rarichies  and  Balnagown,  in 
whom  the  male  line  of  this  illustrious  family,  after  the  extinction  of  the 
dignity,  came  to  be  possessed.  This  Earl  [Hugh]  had  also  two  daughters  — 
Eupham,  married,  first,  to  John  Randolph,  Earl  of  Murray,  &c. ;  afterwards 
to  Robert,  the  second  of  that  name,  King  of  Scotland  and  first  of  our  Kings 
of  the  Stewartine  Line ;  and  Jannet,  the  second  daughter,  was  married  to 
Sir  Alexander  Murray  of  Abercarny.  as  appears  from  the  original  contract, 
by  way  of  indenture,  which  the  author  of  this  paper  has  seen.  To  Hugh, 
Earl  of  Ross,  succeeded  — 

William,  his  son,  who,  being  a  weak  and  easy  man,  was  by  the  craft  and 
cunning  of  Sir  Walter  Lessly,  his  son-in-law,  circumvened  out  of  his  estate, 
that,  by  the  laws  and  constitution  of  Scotland,  should  have  gone,  as  all 
masculine  feus  had  ever  gone,  to  his  brother,  Hugh  Ross  of  Balnagown. 
But  Sir  Walter  Lessly,  being  in  a  high  degree  of  favour,  and  having  got  the 
Earldom  resigned  in  favour  of  his  wife,  there  was  no  remedy,  tho'  the 
Earl  himself  supplicated  the  King  again  and  again  to  have  Sir  Walter 
Lessly's  right  again  tryed,  but  I  see  no  regard  was  had  to  his  remonstrance. 
The  original  remonstrance  I  have.  Upon  Earl  William's  death  the  honour 
did  not  descend  to  Eupham  Ross,  his  eldest  daughter,  tho'  she  had  the 
estate  ;  nor  did  her  unkle  Hugh  assume  it,  because  he  had  not  the  estate  to 
support  the  honour  of  the  family;  nor  was  even  Sir  Walter  Lesly  Earl  of 
Ross,  but  after  his  decease  his  wife,  having  the  estate,  she  resigned  in  favor 
of  Alexander  Lesly.  her  son,  who,  upon  that,  was  invested  and  de  novo 
created  Earl  of  Ross  by  King  Robert  the  third,  per  cincturam  gladii  comitatus, 
according  to  the  antient   rite  and  form  of  creation.     But  he  dieing  without 

ioo  Rossi  a  11  a. 

issue  male,  the  estate  came  to  Eupham  Lesly,  his  only  daughter,  who  made 
it  over  to  her  tinkle,  Sir  John  Stewart  of"  Coule,  afterwards  the  famous 
Earl  of  Buchan. 

The  antient  Earls  of  Ross  having  thus  lost  their  estate,  the  right  of  the 
representation  in  the  male  line  is  in  the  heir  male  of  the  antient  and  honour- 
able family  of  Balnagown,  as  hath  been  said,  the  first  of  whom  was  Hugh 
Ross,  second  son  of  Hugh,  Earl  of  Ross,  and  brother  and  heir  male  to 
Earl  William.     He  was  succeeded  by  — 

William,  the  second  laird  of  the  house  of  Balnagown,  who  married 
.  daughter  to  the  Lord  Livingstone,  and  had  by  her  — 

William,  the  third  of  the  family,  who  married  Catherine,  daughter  of 
Paul  MacTyre,  heiress  of  Strathcarron,  and  had  by  her  — 

Hugh,  of  Balnagown,  his  son  and  heir,  who  married  Janet,  daughter  to 
the  Earl  of  Sutherland,  and  had  by  her  his  son  and  heir  [John]  and  William 
Ross  of  Little  Allan,  of  whom  the  Rosses  of  Shandwick,  to  which  branch 
we  shall  confine  our  deduction  of  the  line  of  this  antient  and  honourable 

John  of  Balnagown,  who  married  Isabell,  daughter  of  Torquil  MacLeod 
of  the  Lewis.,  had  — 

Alexander,  his  son  and  heir,  which  Alexander  married  Jean,  daughter  of 
Sir  Alexander  Sutherland  of  Duffus,  and  had — ■ 

Sir  David,  his  son  and  heir,  who  married  Helen,  daughter  to  William. 
Earl  Marishal,  and  had  by  her  — 

Walter,  his  successor,  and  William,  who  was  the  root  of  the  Rosses  of 
Invercharron  and  its  branch ;  which  Walter,  Laird  of  Balnagown.  married 
Mary,  daughter  of  James  Grant  of  Freuchie,  Laird  of  Grant,  and  had  — 

Alexander  Ross  of  Balnagown,  who  married,  first,  Jean,  daughter  of 
George,  Earl  of  Caithness,  by  whom  he  had  George,  his  successor.  He 
[Alexander]  married,  next,  Margaret,  daughter  of  MacKenzie,  Laird  of 
Kintail,  by  whom  he  had  a  son  Nicolas,  who  was  the  first  man  of  the  House 
of  Pitcalnie:  he  dyed  in  1591. 

George  Ross  of  Balnagown  married  Marjerie,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Camp- 
bell of  Calder,  brother  to  the  Earl  of  Argyle.  by  whom  he  had  — 

David,  his  successor,  and  a  daughter,  married  to  the  Laird  Kintail.  David, 
next  Baron  of  Balnagown,  married,  first,  Jean,  daughter  of  John.  Earl  of 
Sutherland,  and  again,  Anne,  daughter  to  William,  Earl  of  Tullibardin, 
ancestor  to  the  Duke  of  Athol,  by  whom  he  had  — 

David,  the  last  Laird,  who  married  the  Earl  of  Murray's  daughter,  and. 
dying  without  issue,  he  conveyed  his  estate  to  Brigadier  Charles  Ross,  son 
of  George,  Lord  Ross,  by  his  second  wife.  Lady  Jean  Ramsay,  daughter  of 
William,  Earl  of  Dalhousie,  who  died  Governour  of  Portsmouth,  and  Generall 
of  all  his  Majesties  British  Horse,  etc. 

The   Branch  of  the   House   of   Shandwick,   regularly   deducted   from 
the  Family  of  Balnagown. 

As  we  have  observed  in  this  deduction,  the  first  of  this  branch  of  the 
house  of  Balnagown  was  William  Ross  of  Little  Allan,  second  son  of  Hugh 
Ross,  second  of  that  name  and  the  third  Laird  of  Balnagown,  by  Janet,  his 
wife,  daughter  of  William,  Earl  of  Sutherland.  This  gentleman,  William 
Ross  of  Little  Allan,  married,  first,  a  niece  of  the  great  MacDonald,  John. 
Lord  of  the  Isles,  and  Earl  of  Ross,  but  whether  by  his  brother  Hugh  of 
Slate  or  of  McAlestine  of  Lochalsh,  predecessors  to  the  MacDonalds  of 
Glengarrie,  is  not  so  clear.  By  this  lady,  his  first  wife,  he  had  Alexander 
and  — 

Walter  Ross  of  Shandwick,  who  married  six  times,  but  presumitur  by  his 
first.  Lady  Janet,  daughter  of  Walter  Tulloch  of  Bonnieston,  he  had  — 

David  Ross  of  Shandwick,  his  eldest  son  and  heir,  who  married 

Clunes  of  Milderge,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons  — 

Andrew,  his  successor,  and  Mr.  Robert  Ross,  parson  of  Allness,  whose  son, 
William  Ross,  came  to  be  Laird  of  Shandwick.  This  William,  so  succeeding 
to  the  estate  of  Shandwick,  married  Margaret  Campbell,  daughter  of  Colin 
Campbell  of  Dellny,  by  whom  he  had  issue  — 

Shandwick  Succession.  101 

Andrew  Ross  of  Shandwick,  his  son  and  heir,  who  married  Isabell,  daugh- 
ter of  William  Ross  of  Invercharron,  a  branch  of  the  antient  family  of 
Balnagovvn,  by  whom  he  had  — 

Andrew  Ross  of  Shandwick,  his  son  and  heir,  who  married  Christian, 
daughter  of  William  Ross  of  Ardgay,  by  whom  he  had  issue  — 

Mr.  William  Ross,  apparent  of  Shandwick,  in  Edinburgh. 

Hugh  Ross,  his  second  son,  factor  and  merchant  at  Gothenburg,  in  Sweden. 

*  Andrew  Ross,  his  third  son. 
Alexander  Ross,  his  fourth  son. 

*  David  Ross,  his  fifth  son. 
Walter,  sixth. 

Charles,  seventh. 

Robert,  eighth. 

Farquhar,  ninth,  and  the  tenth  born  Doctor  a.  7  mo.  aft.  birth. 

The  armorial  bearings  of  this  antient  family  is  the  same  with  the  old 
Earls  of  Ross,  vizt. :  Argent  three  lions  rampant  gules,  with  a  brotherly 
cognisance  as  a  younger  son  of  the  House  of  Balnagown,  the  heir  male  ant 
representative  of  the  antient  Earls  of  Ross. 

This  account  of  the  family  of  Ross  of  Shandwick,  as  branched  in  this 
deduction  from  the  antient  Earls  of  Ross,  was  drawn  from  antient  and 
modern  charters  and  other  authentic  documents  by  me. 

(Signed)         George  Craufurd. 

Edinburgh.   10th   February,  1729. 


Edward  Armstrong,  Esq.,  of  Philadelphia,  wrote  to  General  Meredith 
Read,  under  date  of  August  12,  1873,  as  follows,  concerning  the  disputed 
Shandwick  succession : 

"  I  have  been  applied  to  by  Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  a  respectable  law 
firm  of  No.  56  Frederick  Street,  Edinburgh,  to  endeavor  to  recover  a 
genealogical  tree  of  the  Ross  family  which  I  understand  was  many  years  ago 
sent  out  from  Scotland  to  the  Rev.  Mr.  Ross,  Rector  of  Emmanuel  Church, 
Newcastle,  Delaware,  the  father  of  John  Ross,  who  was  a  distinguished 

"  It  appears  that  a  trial  is  about  to  take  place  to  establish  the  question  of 
succession  in  Scotland,  and  the  controversy,  I  am  informed  by  Messrs.  Stuart 
and  Cheyne,  has  no  sort  of  relation  to  the  interests  of  the  Ross  family  of 
Newcastle,  Delaware.  I  wrote  to  the  Rev.  C.  Spence,  the  present  Rector  of 
Emmanuel  Church,  who  I  understand  applied  to  your  cousin,  the  author  of 
the  life  of  George  Read,  without  success,  and  to  my  great  regret,  for  many 
reasons  the  latter  shortly  after  died,  for  I  highly  esteemed  and  respected  him. 

"  I  then  wrote  to  your  father,  who  kindly  suggested  that  Messrs.  Stuart 
and  Cheyne  might  derive  some  information  about  the  tree  if  they  wrote  to 
you,  and  that  you  had  prepared  a  biography  of  John  Ross. 

"  Should  they  write  to  you,  you  would  confer  a  personal  favour  if  you 
would  give  them  such  information  as  you  may  possess  as  to  the  tree. 

"  You  have  had  a  life  of  startling  experiences  since  I  saw  you,  and  you 
may  be  assured  that  it  afforded  me  great  satisfaction  to  learn  that  you  had 
escaped  the  terrible  perils  of  the  siege." 

*Note. —  The  Christian  names  Andrew  and  David,  and  those  of  all  the  sons  after 
David,  are  in  a  different  handwriting  from  the  rest  of  the  tree,  and  it  was  this  fact 
which    gave   rise   to   the   contest    for    the    estate    of    Shandwick.    decided    in    1876. 

102  Rossi  an  a. 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Upon  the  receipt  of  this  letter.  General  Meredith  Read  wrote  to  Messrs. 
Stuart  &  Cheyne.  offering  to  give  any  information  or  assistance  in  his  power, 
and  received  the  following  reply  under  date  of  August  29,  1873: 

"  Sir. —  We  were  about  writing  to  you  in  consequence  of  a  letter  from 
Mr.  Armstrong  of  Philadelphia,  when  we  received  this  morning  yours  of  the 
27th,  by  which  we  are  obliged. 

"  What  we  are  in  search  of  is  a  genealogical  tree  of  a  family  of  Ross  of 
Shandwick  in  this  country,  which  was  sent  by  a  member  of  that  family 
Mr.  Hugh  Ross,  merchant  in  London,  to  his  relative  Mr.  John  Ross, 
counsellor  at  law  in  Philadelphia,  in  1764,  and  which,  if  it  could  be  found, 
would  throw  light  upon  the  question  of  succession  in  which  we  are  engaged. 

"  We  understand  from  Mr.  Armstrong  that  you  prepared  a  sketch  of  the 
life  of  Mr.  John  Ross.  Possibly  therefore  his  family  papers  may  have  come 
into  your  hands,  or  you  may  be  able  to  direct  us  to  some  quarter  where  such 
may  be  found.  It  would  be  very  obliging,  if  you  have  the  means  of  doing  so, 
if  you  would  enable  us  to  trace  the  paper  in  question." 

John  Whitefoord  MacKenzie  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

General  Meredith  Read,  having  written  to  John  Whitefoord  MacKenzie, 
the  well-known  antiquary  and  book  collector,  of  16  Royal  Circus,  Edinburgh, 
concerning  the  Rosses  of  Balblair,  incidentally  mentioned  the  Shandwick 
matter,  and  in  his  reply,  dated  September  22,  1873,  that  gentleman  said  : 

"  The  estate  you  allude  to  the  succession  of  which  is  at  present  in  dispute, 
is  that  of  Shandwick  in  Ross-shire,  which  belonged  to  an  old  lady  Miss 
Cockburn  Ross,  who  was  insane  for  long  before  her  death. 

"  My  friend,  old  Mr.  Ross  of  Kerse,  always  held  that  his  family  would 
succeed,  but  since  the  old  lady's  death  it  has  been  found  that  this  is  a  mistake, 
and  that  they  have  retired  from  the  competition.  I  have  been  told  that  a 
Mr.  Reid  is  thought  by  some  to  have  the  best  claim,  but  I  am  ignorant  of  the 
grounds  on  which  it  rests.  I  have  never  seen  him  or  his  case,  although  the 
gentleman  who  was  guardian  to  the  old  lady  (and  who,  I  think,  was  inclined 
to  believe  that  he  himself  had  some  claim ) ,  told  me  he  had  heard  it  stated 
that  I  considered  Mr.  Reid's  case  a  good  one." 

R.  R.  Stodart,  Esq.,  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Pursuing  his  investigation.  General  Meredith  Read  wrote  to  R.  R.  Stodart, 
Esq.,  of  the  Lyon  Office,  Edinburgh,  to  inquire  about  the  standing  of  Messrs. 
Stuart  and  Cheyne,  and  also  asking  for  any  additional  information  he  might 
possess  concerning  the  merits  of  the  Shandwick  dispute.  To  this  letter, 
under  date  of  October  2,   1873,  he  received  the  following  reply : 

"  I  have  the  most  favourable  accounts  of  the  position  of  Messrs.  Stuart  and 
Cheyne  as  a  house  and  as  to  the  character  of  the  individual  members  of  the 
firm.  I  called  yesterday  afternoon  at  their  office,  which  is  within  hve  minutes 
walk  of  mine.  Mr.  Stuart  was  out,  but  I  saw  Mr.  Cheyne.  The  one  docu- 
ment of  which  they  are  very  desirous  of  having  inspection  is  a  pedigree  sent 
by  one  of  the  Shandwick  Rosses  to  one  of  your  family  in  1764.  It  appears 
tbat  the  seniority  of  two  or  three  brothers  is  a  point  of  vital  importance  in 
the  Shandwick  case,  and  this  contemporary  holograph  by  a  member  of  the 
family  would  be  of  great  value.  LTnder  these  circumstances,  I  think  you  might 
freely  allow  the  pedigree  if  in  existence  to  be  produced  or  at  least  an 
authenticated  copy  of  it.  Of  course  the  claimant  would  pay  ah  expenses  that 
might  be  incurred." 

Shandwick  Succession.  103 

Edward  Armstrong,  Esore.,  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Mr.  Armstrong  again  wrote  to  General  Meredith  Read  on  the  18th  October, 
1873,  as  follows   (from  Philadelphia)  : 

"  I  am  extremely  obliged  for  your  kind  promise  to  write  to  Messrs.  Stuart 
and  Cheyne.  I  have  not  however  been  able  to  recover  the  missing  genea- 
logical tree  of  the  Ross  family  sent  out  to  this  country  to  Mr.  Ross,  upon  the 
possession  of  which  these  gentlemen  place  so  much  stress.  I  doubt  if  it  is 
now  in  existence.  They  sent  me  a  copy  of  the  original  in  which  the  descent 
from  the  Earls  of  Ross  was  established.  *  *  *  I  often  thought  of  you  my 
dear  friend  through  all  that  dreadful  siege,  and  gloried  in  your  pluck  and 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  to  General  Meredith  Read. 
Messrs.   Stuart  and  Cheyne,  writing  from  56  Frederick  street,  Edinburgh, 
to  General  Meredith  Read,  on  the  29th  October,  1873,  say : 

"  We  are  obliged  by  your  favour  of  the  21st  and  for  your  readiness  to  aid 
us  in  our  search  for  the  document  wanted.  We  hope  the  result  may  be 
successful.  We  are  loath  to  infringe  on  your  valuable  time,  but  the  discovery 
of  this  document  would  go  a  long  way  to  settle,  if  not  to  absolutely  terminate, 
the  disputed  point  of  a  valuable  succession,  the  estate  being  worth  between 
two  and  three  thousand  pounds  a  year. 

"  We  are  sorry  that  we  are  not  in  possession  of  any  letters  written  by 
Mr.  John  Ross  of  Philadelphia,  though  we  have  seen  one  in  which  he  gives 
an  account  of  himself  and  his  family.  We  will  by  and  bye  get  access  to 
this  and  any  others,  if  there  be  others  in  existence,  and  when  we  do  so  we 
will  have  pleasure  in  furnishing  you  with  copies  or  if  possible  in  procuring 
originals  for  you.  Meantime,  this  will  serve  to  explain  why  we  are  unable 
at  present  to  comply  with  your  request." 

Edward  Armstrong,  Esqre.,  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Mr.  Armstrong  again  writes  from  Philadelphia  to  General  Meredith  Read, 
on  November  5th,  1873,  as  follows : 

"  I  was  indeed  much  gratified  yesterday  in  receiving  a  letter  from  Messrs. 
Stuart  and  Cheyne  of  Edinburgh,  apprising  me  that  they  had  opened  a 
correspondence  with  you  in  regard  to  the  recovery  of  the  Ross  genealogical 
tree,  and  that  you  intended  to  fall  upon  some  plan  by  which  the  examination 
of  your  papers  in  New  York  might  be  made.  I  replied  that  I  would  offer 
my  services  to  you  to  visit  New  York  and  to  assist  in  the  matter,  if  I  could 
afford  any  help. 

"  I  am  truly  obliged  to  your  father  for  the  suggestion  that  I  should  write 
to  you,  and  I  perceive  by  the  contents  of  the  letter  of  Messrs.  Stuart  and 
Cheyne  that  they  are  still  more  inclined  to  regard  me  as  a  person  who  has  it 
in  his  power  to  render  valuable  service. 

"  I  am  delighted  with  the  reflection  that  one  whose  friendship  I  so  much 
value  (I  mean  yourself)  has  done  such  good  service  to  his  country  and  is 
in  a  position  to  render  yet  perhaps  greater  services  to  bring  additional  credit 
upon  the  American  name." 

R.  R.  Stodart,  Esore.,  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

On  the  2nd  February,  1874,  Mr.  Stodart  writes  to  General  Meredith  Read, 
from  Edinburgh,  as  follows  : 

"  Mr.  Hugh  Ross's1  letter  in  1764  to  Mr.  John  Ross  of  Philadelphia,  is  of 
real  value  as  showing  at  that  date  what  was  believed  to  be  the  descent  of 

lMr,  Hugh  Ross's  father-in-law  was  Alexander  Ross,  of  Daan  House,  near  Balblair, 
Ross-shire.  He  was  a  writer  to  the  Signet  in  Edinburgh,  admitted  171S,  and  knew 
thoroughly  the  origin  of  the   Rosses  of  Balblair. 

104  Rossiana. 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Messrs.   Stuart   and   Cheyne  write  to   General   Meredith  Read  on  the  23rd 

May,  1874,  as  follows: 

"  We  have  accounts  of  the  death  of  Mr.  Armstrong  of  Philadelphia  on  the 
25th  February,  before,  of  course,  your  letter  of  instructions  in  regard  to 
making  the  search  for  the  copy  tree  of  the  house  of  Shandwick  could  have 
reached  him.  It  is  unfortunate,  as  doubtless  he  could  more  easily  have  under- 
taken the  search  than  anyone  else  from  his  previous  knowledge  of  what  was 
wanted.  Is  there  anyone  else  to  whom  you  could  entrust  the  matter  ?  It  is 
of  course  important  that  we  should  ascertain  as  soon  as  possible  whether  the 
copy  is  in  existence  or  not." 

General' Meredith  Read  to  Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne. 
On  the  22nd  July,  1874,  General  Meredith  Read  writes  to  Messrs.  Stuart 
and  Cheyne  as  follows  : 

"  I  shall  leave  town  on  Wednesday  of  next  week  with  my  family  for  the 
purpose  of  spending  two  months  in  the  United  States.  If  you  will,  before 
that  date,  forward  to  me  here  another  copy  of  the  Ross  pedigree, —  for  I 
cannot  find  for  the  moment  the  one  you  sent  me, —  I  will  endeavor  to  trace 
the  original  while  I  am  in  America. 

"  You  promised  to  procure  for  me  the  letters  of  the  Hon.  John  Ross,  my 
great  grand  uncle, —  if  you  succeeded  in  obtaining  the  originals.  If  you 
cannot  send  the  originals,  send  the  copies  as  they  will  be  of  the  greatest 
service  in  helping  me  to  trace  the  missing  document." 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

"  56  Frederick  Street,  Edinburgh, 
"  25th  July,  1S74. 

"  Dear  Sir. —  We  are  favoured  with  yours  of  22nd  and  are  much  obliged 
by  your  offer  to  make  search  for  the  missing  pedigree  of  Ross  of  Shandwick 
on  your  visit  to  the  United  States.  We  send  you,  as  requested,  copy  of 
the  document  and  of  the  letter  from  Mr  Hugh  Ross  of  London  to  Mr  John 
Ross  of  Philadelphia  sending  it.  We  are  sorry  we  cannot  send  you  either 
originals  or  copies  of  any  letters  of  Mr  John  Ross.  The  one  we  formerly 
mentioned  as  extant  is  in  possession  at  present  of  a  party  here  who  is  from 
home.  We  sent  today  to  see  if  his  clerk  could  find  it,  but  he  thinks  the 
party  must  have  it  away  with  him.  He  has  gone  to  the  country  to  examine 
witnesses  in  this  matter  and  has  taken  a  number  of  documents  and  probably 
the  one  referred  to  among  them.  We  shall  send  you  a  copy  as  soon  as  we 
can  get  it.     What  will  be  your  address  in  the  States? 

"  We  hope  your  kind  search  may  be  successful  in  bringing  the  document 
to  light,  and  will  be  glad  to  hear  the  result  at  your  earliest  convenience. 

"  We  are,  Dear  Sir, 

"  Yours  faithfully, 

"  Stuart  and  Cheyne. 
"  General  J.  Meredith  Read 

"  37  Avenue  d'Antin,  Champs  Elysees,  Paris." 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  write  to  General  Meredith  Read  from  Edin- 
burgh on  the  27th  August,  1874,  as  follows : 

"  We  have  now  procured  and  enclose  a  copy  of  the  letter  from  the  Hon. 
John  Ross  of  Philadelphia,  of  one  to  him  from  his  father,  and  of  one  from 
the  relative  of  the  latter,  Mr  Hugh  Ross  of  London,  to  Mr  David  Ross  of 
Edinburgh.     We  are  sorry  that  we  h^ve  been  unable  to  send  you  this  sooner, 

Shandwick  Succession.  105 

but  the  party  in  whose  custody  the  old  copy  was  from  which  we  have 
transcribed  the  enclosed,  only  returned  to  town  recently  and  until  his 
return  we  could  not  get  access  to  it.  The  originals  of  the  letter  are  not 
extant,  at  least  they  have  no-where  come  to  light,  and  what  we  have 
transcribed  from  is  a  copy  of  the  three  letters  in  a  continuous  paper,  but 
evidently  very  old.  As  we  formerly  explained  to  you,  we  cannot  send  you 
this  old  copy  at  present,  as  it  is  required  as  evidence  in  the  case  we  have  in 
hand,  in  order  to  aid  in  authenticating  the  copy  tree  you  were  kindly  search- 
ing for,  if  this  be  found.  On  the  case  being  completed,  however,  you  may 
rely  on  our  using  every  endeavor  to  get  the  custodian  of  it  to  give  it  up, 
and  send  it  on  to  you,  and  have  little  doubt  we  will  get  it  for  that  purpose. 
We  have  never  found  any  letters  from  or  relating  to  the  Hon.  John  Ross ; 
but  if  we  do  so,  and  if  there  are  any  among  the  documents  we  are  collecting 
we  are  sure  to  fall  in  with  them,  we  shall  have  much  pleasure  in  endeavoring 
to  secure  them  for  you.  We  shall  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  as  to  the  result 
of  your  search  when  completed." 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  write  to  General  Meredith  Read  on  the  18th 
October,  1874,  as  follows  : 

"  We  are  obliged  by  your  favour  of  the  14th  ult.,  which  the  absence  of 
the  party  taking  charge  of  the  matter  has  prevented  our  earlier  replying  to 
We  have  since  had  a  call  from  your  friend  Mr  Stodart  (if  we  recollect 
the  name  aright)  who  has  explained  to  us  what  you  state  about  your  great 
uncle's  papers  being  stored  in  New  York. 

"  Your  great  uncle's  family  were  in  no  way  concerned  with  the  property, 
although  related  to  the  family  to  whom  it  belonged,  and  what  we  are  at 
present  in  search  of  is  a  document  which  we  know,  from  evidence  in  our 
possession  was  sent  to  him  (the  Hon.  John  Ross)  by  one  of  the  Rosses  of 
Shandwick,  the  name  of  the  property  in  question.  The  accompanying 
memorandum  will  explain  matters  to  you,  and  we  need  not  therefore  repeat 
ourselves  here,  but  refer  you  to  that  memorandum.  When  we  add  that  the 
point  on  which  the  question  of  succession  turns  is  the  names  of  the  third 
and  fifth  sons  of  Andrew  Ross,  which  you  will  find  are  blank  in  the  copy 
of  the  tree  quoted  in  the  memorandum,  and  that  the  strong  probability  is 
that  in  the  copy  of  that  tree  sent  to  Mr  John  Ross  by  Hugh  the  second  son 
of  the  same  Andrew,  the  names  of  the  sons  would  all  be  inserted,  you  will 
see  the  very  great  importance  of  discovering  if  possible  that  copy.  We  think 
therefore  that  if  there  be  no  one  in  New  York  to  whom  you  can  confide  the 
search  among  the  Hon.  John  Ross's  papers,  it  will  be  well  worth  the  cost 
of  having  the  boxes  containing  them  sent  over  either  to  yourself  in  Paris, 
or  here,  where  you  could  perhaps  come  and  superintend  the  search.  We  will 
of  course  bear  the  expense  of  their  transmission,  and,  if  necessary,  of  your 
journey  here,  or,  if  you  could  get  it  done,  of  a  search  among  the  papers 
in  New  York. 

"  We  are  assuming  that  Mr.  John  Ross  your  great  uncle  is  the  person  to 
whom  the  document  in  question  was  sent.  Some  further  correspondence 
between  the  latter  and  Mr.  Hugh  Ross  which  we  have  found  reveal  the  fact 
that  he  was  Counsellor  at  Law,  and  son  of  Mr.  George  Ross,  clergyman  at 
New  Castle  in  America. 

"  You  asked  if  the  Cockburn  Rosses  were  descendants  of  Admiral  Ross  by 
Miss  Cockburn.  We  have  to  answer,  No ;  but  that  a  Miss  Ross,  one  of  the 
Shandwick  family,  married  a  Mr  Cockburn,  who,  on  his  wife's  succeeding 
to  the  estate,  had  to  take  the  name  of  Ross  —  Cockburn  Ross  thus  becoming 
the  name  of  their  descendants.  Owing  to  the  entire  failure  of  the  Cockburn 
Ross  family,  the  estate  now  reverts  to  the  descendants  of  one  or  other  of 
the  sons  of  Andrew  Ross  before  referred  to.  As  the  trial  of  the  case  may 
be  pushed  on  by  some  of  the  parties  interested,  we  will  esteem  it  a  great 
favour  if  you  can  put  matters  in  train  for  access  being  had  to  Mr  John 
Ross's  papers  as  soon  as  possible." 

io6  Rossiana. 


General  Meredith  Read  during  his  visit  to  the  United  States  in  1874 
searched  in  vain  among  the  family  papers  for  the  Ross  genealogical  tree, 
which  had  been  sent  over  to  the  Hon.  John  Ross  in  1764,  by  Mr.  Hugh  Ross 
of  London.  After  a  thorough  search,  in  the  course  of  which  he  applied  for 
information  to  Miss  M.  E.  Ross  of  Philadelphia,  in  whose  hands  he  found 
the  John  Ross  family  Bible,  and  the  silver  alluded  to  in  his  letter  to 
Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne.  of  the  14th  December,  1874  (see,  post).  General 
Meredith  Read  had  recourse  to  the  family  of  Plumstead,  which  was  related 
to  his  own  family  through  the  McCall  family  of  Philadelphia.  The  Plum- 
steads  were  originally  established  in  the  county  of  Norfolk  and  received 
a  grant  of  arms  in  the  15th  year  of  Elizabeth.  Clement  Plumstead  was 
Mayor  of  the  city  of  Philadelphia  in  1723:  His  grandson,  William  Plumstead, 
also  a  wealthy  man  was  three  times  Mayor  of  Philadelphia,  in  1750,  1754  and 
1755.  He  married  his  second  wife,  at  Christ  Church,  September  27th,  1753, 
viz. :  Mary,  daughter  of  George  McCall,  Esqre.,  of  Philadelphia,  by  his  wife 
Anne,  daughter  of  Jasper  Yeates.  an  early  councillor.  His  son  George,  by 
his  second  wife,  born  May  3rd,  1765,  died  5th  April,  1805,  married  3rd  Decem- 
ber, 1795,  Anna  Helena  Amelia  Ross,  daughter  of  John  Ross  of  Philadelphia, 
merchant,  a  native  of  Tain,  Ross-shire,  by  his  wife  Clementina,  daughter  of 
Captain  Charles  Cruickshank,  of  the  Royal  Army. 

General  Meredith  Read  accordingly  addressed  his  inquiries  to  Miss 
Clementina  Ross  Plumstead,  descendant,  who  very  kindly  made  a  search 
among  her  family  papers  and  gave  to  him  the  following  statement : 

"  Our  grandfather,  John  Ross,  merchant  of  Philadelphia,  was  born  in 
Tain  in  the  county  of  Ross.  Scotland.  His  father  Murdoch  Ross,  merchant 
in  Tain,  married  Christian  Simson  in  Tain,  on  the  29th  December.  1724,  and 
our  grandfather  was  one  of  ten  children,  several  of  whom  died  in  infancy. 
But  little  has  come  to  us  of  his  life  before  his  arrival  in  this  country.  He 
was  a  merchant  in  Perth,  Scotland,  Tor  a  year  or  two,  from  whence  he  came 
to  Philadelphia,  and  soon  after  married  Clementina  Cruickshank,  daughter  of 
Captain  Charles  Cruickshank,  of  the  British  Army,  at  Clinton  Hall,  after- 
wards called  by  him  The  Grange  Farm.  A  paper  among  the  family  effects 
is  entitled  '  A  Geneologie  of  Earles  of  Ross.  The  Antient  Earles  of  Ross- 
shire  in  North  Britain.  Procured  from  Edinburgh,  Anno  1764,  by  John 
Ross,  late  of  Ross-shire,  in  Scotland,  and  a  native  of  that  place  which 
county  he  left  in  1763 :  now  a  merchant  and  resident  in  the  city  of 
Philadelphia.'  " 

The  existence  of  this  second  Ross  family  tree  was  a  curious  coincidence. 
The  Craufurd  tree  for  which  General  Read  was  searching  was  sent,  as 
stated,  by  Hugh  Ross  in  London  to  Hon.  John  Ross,  counselor-at-law  in 
Philadelphia,  in  1764.  The  second  tree,  in  possession  of  the  Plumstead  fam- 
ily, was  also  a  Craufurd  tree,  but  had  been  sent  by  some  one  in  Edinburgh 
to  John  Ross,  merchant  in  Philadelphia,  the  same  year  (1764),  who  was  in 
no  wise  related  to  Hon.  John  Ross.  It  apparently  is  a  copy  of  the  greater 
portion  of  the  first  tree,  but  is  not  brought  down  to  as  late  a  period  as  is 
the  case  with  the  former. 

Shandwick  Succession.  107 

Miss   Plumstead  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Philadelphia,  November  9,  1874. 

•General   Meredith    Read,  Minister  of   the    United   States   to   Greece,   Fifth 
Avenue  Hotel,  New  York: 

My  Dear  Sir.—  Agreeably  to  your  request  I  send  you  the  copy  of  our  family 
paper  together  with  the  extract  from  the  family  Bible,  in  looking  over  the  old 
letters,  there  was  one  of  my  grandfather's  General  Ross's  own  writing  which 
corresponds  with  that  on  the  outside  of  the  record;  you  will  remember  asking 
me  if  anyone  could  prove  his  handwriting. 

Our  letters  are  merely  family  affairs  of  no  interest  except  to  relations,  they 
are  dated  from  Tain,  Elgin,  and  Aberdeen  but  few  were  written  in  the  present 
century.  I  cannot  refrain  from  indulging  a  hope  that  something  to  our 
advantage  may  arise  in  the  investigation.  What  gives  me  the  hope  is  what 
"was  communicated  to  us  by  one  of  our  Scotch  relations  Mr.  Alexander  Gordon 
that  one  of  the  Ross  family  was  a  rich  bachelor  and  that  his  nearest  heirs  were 
in  America. 

I  shall  be  glad  to  know  that  these  papers  have  been  safely  received  and  are 
satisfactory.     With  kind  regards  believe  me  respectfully. 

[Signed]  Clementina  Ross  Plumstead. 

Miss   Plumstead  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

The  documents  were  accompanied  by  the  following  letter  addressed  to 
General  Meredith  Read  by  Miss  Plumstead : 

"  Philadelphia,  1122  Girard  Street, 

"  November  14th,  1874. 

"My  Dear  Sir. —  Your  telegram  was  received.  Not  quite  understanding, 
I  asked  for  further  information.     Your  letter,  however,  explains. 

"  The  memorandum  on  the  back  [of  the  genealogy]  was  copied  in  the 
paper  sent,  in  which  John  Ross  merchant  was  named;  also  the  date  1764  on 
the  back,  but  not  under  the  name  of  George  Crawford.  Fearful  of  accident. 
I  send  duplicate  with  handwriting  sworn  to  :  also  duplicate  of  the  marriages 
of  our  great  grandfather  and  grandfather,  together  with  my  mother's  mar- 
riages, all  of  which  I  have  sworn  to.  I  regret  that  my  ignorance  of  business 
has  given  you  trouble,  particularly  as  your  time  must  be  fully  taken  up  on  the 
eve  of  your  departure  from  this  country. 

"  I  hope  I  have  given  you  what  is  necessary  in  the  enclosed  papers.  Accept 
my  thanks  and  warmest  wishes  for  a  safe  voyage  and  believe  me  your's  truly 

"  Clementina  Ross  Plumstead." 

"  My  sister  desires  her  kind  regards  as  well  as  myself,  and  Mr.  H.  P.  Muir- 
Jicad  has  kindly  promised  to  deliver  this  package  this  evening." 

Enclosed  in  this  letter  was  the  following  family  record  copied  by  Miss 
Plumstead  from  the  Ross  family  Bible : 

Murdoch    Ross,    merchant    in    Tain,    and    Christian    Simson    were    married 
December  29th,  1724,  and  had  issue  — 
Christian,  born  5th  June.  1726. 
Barbra,  born  3d  May,  1727. 

*  John,  born  29th  January,   1729;  died  8th  April,   1800. 
Jean,  born  22d  January,  1731. 
Christian,  born  8th   March,   1733. 
Arthur,  born    15th   September,    1735. 
Peggy,  born  26th  June,    1736. 
Christian,  born   12th   November,    1737. 
David,  born  17th  December,   1738. 

*At  Clifton  Hall,  on  the  8th  December,  176S,  John  Ross  [merchant  in  Philadelphia] 
was   married   to    Clementina    Cruickshank,    daughter   of    Captain    Charles    Cruickshank  — 

108  Rossi  a  ii  a. 

Ann,  born  21st  October,   1742. 

Clementina  was  born  November  26,  1769;  died  January  12,  1848. 

Margaret  was  born  April  25,   1771. 

Charles  was  born  October  5,  1772;  died,  1818. 

Jean  was  born  November  23,  1773 ;  died,   1858. 

Mary  was  born  August  3,  1775  ;  died,  1837. 

Anna  Helena  Amelia  was  born  November  26,   1776;  died,  1848. 

Mr.   Ross  died,   1800. 

Mrs.   Ross   died,   1828. 

The  Plumstead  Pedigree. 

The  Ross  pedigree  in  possession  of  the  Plumstead  family,  a  certified  copy 
of  which  was  sent  to  General  Read  by  Miss  Plumstead,  was  as  follows,  and 
is  printed  here  for  comparison  with  the  preceding  one: 

A  Geneologie  of  the  Antient  Earles  of  Rosse  and  of  the  male 
representative  of  that  Illustrious  family  and  its  Branch  1st 

It  is  agreed  on  by  all  antiquaries  that  the  Earldom  of  Rosse  is  one  of  the 
most  antient  Erections  we  have ;  our  historians  mention  : 

1st  —  Macinsagart  Comes  Rossensis  in  the  Reigne  of  King  William,  that 
by  his  valour  &  conduct  he  defeat  the  reblius  Murrays  &  obliged  them  to 
submit  to  the  King's  mercy ;  he  was  succeeded  by 

2d  —  Farchard,  Earl  of  Rosse,  his  son,  whom  our  historians  mention  with 
great  honour;  in  the  reign  of  King  Alexander  the  2nd  he  founded  the 
Abbacy  of  Fearn  in  the  County  &  Earldom  of  Ross  and  the  Channers  of 
Tain;  he  dyed  at  Tain,  February  the  first,  1257;  he  was  succeeded  by  his 
son  William. 

3d  — ■  Willielmus  Comes  Rossensis,  quohom  very  honourable  mention  in  the 
Federa  Anglise;  in  the  year  1258  he  married  Jean,  daughter  of  William,  Earl 
of  Ruchan,  &  had  by  her 

4th  —  William,  the  2nd  of  that  name,  who  succeeded  his  father  in  1294  and 
is  mentioned  in  the  Foedera  and  other  authenticall  vouchers  in  the  competition 
for  the  Crown  Betwixt  the  Bruce  and  the  Baliol ;  he  married  Matilda,  sister 
to  King  Robert  the  Bruce,  as  by  several  original  charters  the  author  of  this- 
memorial  has  seen  and  perused,  granted  by  the  said  King  &  Matilda  his  sister 
and   to   their   heirs ;   by   this  great   lady  he   had  a   son 

5th  —  Hugh,  who  was  his  successor,  who  adhered  with  great  fidelity  to 
King  Robert  2nd,  and  contributed  not  a  little  to  fix  him  on  the  throne ;  he 
adhered  with  no  less  fidelity  to  his  son.  King  David  the  2nd,  in  whose 
service  and  that  of  his  country  he  lost  his  life  at  the  battle  of  Halidon  Hill, 


6th  —  He  left  behind  him  2  sons,  William,  his  successor,  and  Hugh  Ross 
of  Rarichies,  in  whom  the  male  line  of  this  Illustrious  family,  after  the 
extinction  of  the  dignity,  came  to  be  preserved ;  that  Earl  had  also  two 
daughters,  Euphemia,  maryed  first  to  Randolph,  Earl  of  Morey  &  after  to 
Robert  the  third  of  that  name  King  of  Scotland  and  first  of  the  Stewarts,  and 
Janet,  the  second  daughter,  was  maryed  to  Sir  Alexr.  Murray  of  Abercairney, 
as  appears  from  the  original  contract  by  way  of  Indenture,  which  the  author 
has  seen. 

7th  —  Hugh,  Earl  of  Rosse,  succeeded 

8th  —  William,  his  son,  who,  being  a  weak,  easy  man,  was,  by  the  craft 
&  cunning  of  Sir  Walter  Leslie,  his  son-in-law,  circumveened  out  of  his 
estate,  that  by  the  Laws  and  Constitution  of  Scotland,  should  have  gone, 
as  all  masculine  feus  had  ever  gone,  to  his  brother,  Hugh,  but  Sir  Walter 
Leslie,  being  in  a  high  degree  of  favour,  and  having  got  the  Earldom  resigned 
in  favour  of  his  wife,  there  was  no  remedy,  tho'  the  Earl  himself  suplicated 
the  King  often  to  have  Sir  Walter's  right  again  tryed,  but  I  see  no  regard 
was   had  to   his   remonstrance ;   the  original   remonstrance   I   have. 

Upon  Earl  William's  death  the  honour  did  not  descend  to  Euphemia, 
Rosses  eldest  daughter  tho'  she  had  the  estate,  nor  did  her  Uncle  Hugh 
assume  it  because  he  had  not  the  estate  to  support  the  honour  of  the  family. 

Shandwick  Succession.  109 

nor  was  Sir  Walter  Earl  of  Ross,  but  after  his  decease,  his  wife  having 
the  estate,  she  resigned  in  favor  of  Alexander  Leslie,  her  son,  who  upon 
that  was  invested  and  de  novo  created  Earl  of  Ross  by  Robert  the  3d,  per 
cincturam  Glady  commitatis,  according  to  the  antient  rite  and  forme  of 
creation ;  but  he,  dying  without  issue  male,  the  estate  came  to  Euphemia 
Leslie,  who  made  it  over  to  her  uncle,  Sir  John  Stewart  of  Coule,  afterward 
the  famous  Earl  of  Buchan. 

The  antient  Earles  of  Ross  having  thus  lost  their  estate,  the  right  of  the 
representation  in  the  male  line  is  in  the  heir  male  of  the  antient  and  honour- 
able family  of  Balnagown,  as  hath  been  said,  the  first  of  whom  was  Hugh 
Ross,  brother-in-law  to  the  King,  2nd  son  to  Hugh,  Earl  of  Ross  & 
Brother  and  heir  male  to  William,  Earle  of  Ross ;  said  Hugh  mary'd  the 
heiress  of  Balnagown  and  was  succeeded  by 

2nd  —  William  the  second  Baron  of  Balnagown,  who  maryed  the  Lord 
Livingstone's  daughter,  and  had  by  her 

3d  —  William  of  that  family,  who  maryed  Paul  Mactyre's  daughter,  by 
whom  he  got  the  lands  &  vast  tracts  of  Strathcarron,  Strathsikell  &  Tostray ; 
she  bore  him 

Hugh  Ross,  the  4th  of  Balnagown,  who  maryed  the  Earl  of  Sutherland's 
daughter,  &  had  by  her  his  son  and  heir,  Hugh,  &  William  Ross  of  Little 
Allan,  of  whom  the  Rosses  of  Shandwick,  to  which  branch  we  shall  confine 
our  deduction  of  this  antient  honourable  family;  he  maryed  a  niece  of  the 
great  Macdonald,  King  of  the  Isles ;  by  this  lady  he  had  Alexr.  &  Donald 
Ross,  the  1st  of  Shandwick,  eldest  cadet  of  the  male  line  now  extant  of  the 
Rosses,  maryed  six  times  &  by  his  first  wife,  dau'r.  to  Tulloch  of  Bonytown, 
he  had  his  son  and  heir, 

David  Ross  of  Shandwick,  who  maryed  Jean  Clunes,  daughter  to  Milderg, 
whose  son,  succeeding,  was  called  Robert  the  Waster,  whose  son, 

Mr.  William  Ross  of  Shandwick,  maryed  Eliza  Campbell,  daughter  to 
William  Campbell  of  Delnies,  who  had  issue, 

Andrew,  who  maryed  Isabel  Ross,  daughter  to  William  Ross  of  Inver- 
charron.  by  whom  he  had 

Andrew,  who  maryed  Christian  Ross,  daughter  of  Ross  of  Ardgay,  by 
whom  he  had  ten  sons  and  seven  daughters. 

William,  the  eldest,  dying  a  bachelor,  he  is  represented  by  his  second 
brother,  Hugh  Ross,  now  of  Shandwick,  merchant  in  London,  who  maryed 
Eliza  Ross,  only  daughter  to  Alexr.  Ross  of  Little  Daan,  late  solicitor-at-law 
at  London,  by  whom  he  had  three  sons  and  two  daughters  —  Hugh,  Alexander 
and  Andrew   William. 

The  armorial  bearings  of  this  family  is  the  same  with  the  old  Earles  of 
Rosse,  viz. :  Argent  three  lyons  rampant  gules  ;  motto,  nobilis  est  ira  leonis. 

This  acct.  as  branched  from  the  antient  Earles  of  Ross  was  drawn  from 
antient  and  modern  charters  and  other  authentic  documents  by  me. 

(Signed)  George  Crawfurd, 

Historiographer  of  Scotland. 

General  Meredith  Read  to  Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne. 
Upon  receipt  of  a  copy  of  the   Plumstead  pedigree,  General  Read,  under 
date  of  December  14,  1874,  wrote  as  follows  to  Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne, 
giving   an   account   of   his    search    and   the    discovery   of   the    second    family 
tree : 

"  During  my  recent  visit  to  America,  a  copy  of  the  Ross  pedigree,  together 
with  the  copies  of  the  letters  of  Hugh  Ross  Esqre  to  the  Hon.  John  Ross  of 
Philadelphia,  1764,  were  stolen.  Will  you  do  me  the  favour  to  send  me 
duplicates  as  speedily  as  possible,  as  I  leave  Paris  for  Athens  in  a  few  days. 
The  autograph  of  the  Rev.  George  Ross,  a  copy  of  which  you  found  among 
the  old  Ross  papers,  and  which  you  sent  to  me,  and  of  which  I  desired 
another  copy  was  in  the  possession  of  my  family  and  was  printed  in  the  life 
of  my  great  grandfather.  Chief  Justice  George  Read,  a  Signer  of  the 
Declaration  of  Independence  and   a  Framer  and   Signer   of  the   Constitution 

no  Rossiana. 

of  the  United  States.  I  was  unable  to  find  in  America  the  Pedigree  sent  by 
Hugh  Ross.  Esqre.,  to  his  relative  the  Hon.  John  Ross,  but  I  discovered 
various  pieces  of  family  silver  of  ancient  date  and  in  the  family  Bible  of  the 
Hon.  John  Ross  was  the  book  plate  of  his  son  in  law.  Captain  Henry 
Gurney,  of  the  British  Army,  paly  of  six,  or  and  azure :  crest,  a  griffin's 
head  erased  or :  with  the  arms  of  Ross  on  an  escutcheon  of  pretence,  and 
one  of  the  Ross  mottoes,  "Span  successus  alit."  This  Bible  was  published 
by  John  Basket  at  Oxford  in  1727.  and  the  following  entries  are  contained 
in  it : 

Be  it  remembered  that  John  Ross,  Esquire,  of  Philadelphia,  Counsellor 
at  Law,  son  of  the  Rev.  George  Ross,  Rector  of  the  Church  at  New  Castle 
on  Delaware,  was  solemnly  married  to  Mrs  Elizabeth  Morgan  of  Philadel- 
phia, eldest  daughter  of  Mr  Benjamin  Morgan  of  Philadelphia,  gentleman, 
on  the  18th  day  of  December.  A.  D.  1735  by  the  Rev.  Mr  Archibald  Cum- 
mings.  Commissary  and  Rector  of  Christ  Church,  in   Philadelphia. 

The  following  inscriptions  are  in  the  handwriting  of  Mrs  Ross  : 

Elizabeth  Ross  was  born  2nd  May,  1740  and  died  13th  August,  1741. 

Margaret  Ross  was  born  25th  August,  1747,  and  died  20th  Aug.  1766. 

Catharine  Ross,  born  21st  July,  1748;  died  27th  August,  1782. 

She  married  the  above  named  Henry  Gurney,   Esquire. 

I  moreover  found  a  copy  or  duplicate  of  the  Ross  Pedigree  in  the  hand- 
writing and  under  the  signature  doubtless  of  George  Crawford,  Historiog- 
rapher of  Scotland,  which  was  procured  from  Scotland  about  the  same  time, 
1763-4,  by  another  person  of  the  name  of  Ross.  While  this  Pedigree  in  some 
respects  differs  from  the  copy  of  the  one  you  forwarded  to  me,  it  is 
undoubtedly  authentic.  I  recovered  it  after  a  long  and  arduous  search 
after  the  other  copy,  which  I  carried  out  in  different  states.  I  desire  to  know 
what  the  case  in  hand  is.  You  will  greatly  oblige  me  by  giving  me  an  exact 
idea  of  the  question  under  discussion,  and  who  are  the  parties  to  the  same, 
and  their  claims. 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  to  General  Read. 
Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne,  following  the  receipt  of  General  Read's  letter 
of  the  14th,  wrote  him  as  follows,  under  date  of  December  17,  1874.  in  which 
they  give  full  particulars  of  the  case  in  relation  to  the  Shandwick  succession : 

"  We  are  favoured  by  yours  of  the  14th,  and  are  very  glad  to  hear  that  you 
have  been  able  to  recover  the  copy  you  mention  of  Crauford's  Tree.  We 
think,  however,  it  must  be  the  one  sent  by  Mr.  Hugh  Ross  to  the  Hon.  John 
Ross,  unless  you  have  come  upon  any  evidence  showing  it  to  have  come 
from  some  other  quarter.  If  you  have,  we  will  be  glad  to  know  from  whom 
it  seems  to  have  come,  or  to  whom  sent,  as  the  sender  may  also  have  been 
one  of  the  members  or  relatives  of  the  Shandwick  Family  whom  we  may  be 
able  to  trace. 

"  We  send  you  as  requested  herewith  another  copy  of  the  Tree  as  we  have 
it  and  of  the  biographical  letter  you  wish.  It  is  quite  possible  that  the  copy 
of  the  tree  we  have  may  differ  in  some  particulars  from  that  you  have  found 
even  though  that  be  the  one  sent  by  Mr.  Hugh  Ross,  as  we  are  not  certain 
as  to  the  correctness  of  our  copy  and  we  quite  expect  that  the  one  sent  to 
America  will  be  the  more  authentic  of  the  two.  It  was  on  this  account  that 
we  were  anxious  to  recover  it. 

"  The  case  is  shortly  this.  The  succession  to  the  estate  of  Shandwick  in 
this  country,  which  has  been  lately  opened  by  the  death  of  the  last  proprietor, 
depends  on  the  order  of  seniority  of  the  sons  of  the  last  Andrew  Ross  of 
Shandwick.  In  the  copy  of  the  tree  we  have,  the  Christian  names  of  some 
of  these  sons  have  been  inserted  in  a  different  hand-writing  from  the  rest 
of  the  document,  and  there  is  nothing  to  show  by  what  authority  this  was 
done,  or  whether  the  order  thus  shown  is  correct.     Owing  to  the  date  when 

Note. —  The  estate  of  Shandwick  had  been  sold  by  the  family  and  afterwards 
repurchased  by  one  of  the  latter's  descendants  who  had  made  a  fortune  in  India,  and 
on  this  account  the  American  house  was  in  no  wise  concerned  in  it  —  that  is,  as  claimants. 

Shandwick  Succession.  1 1 1 

the  copy  was  sent  to  America,  we  are  lead  to  believe  that  if  the  names  of  the 
sons  of  Andrew  are  mentioned  in  it,  they  will  be  in  correct  order,  and  this, 
therefore,  is  the  point  of  importance  in  reference  to  that  copy.  One  of  the 
claimants  to  the  estate  is  a  client  of  ours,  Mr.  Monro  Ross,  merchant  in 
London,  descended  from  Hugh  Ross,  a  son  of  the  said  Andrew.  Another 
claimant,  is  a  Captain  Reid,  a  descendant  of  Andrew  Ross,  another  son  of 
said  Andrew ;  and  other  claimants  profess  to  be  descended  from  George  and 
Charles  also  sons  of  said  Andrew.  The  estate  has  hitherto  been  in  the 
possession  of  the  descendants  of  David  (another  son  of  said  Andrew)  but 
these  being  now  all  extinct,  it  reverts  to  the  descendants  of  one  or  other  of 
David's  brothers,  the  question  to  which  of  them,  being  as  we  have  already 
said  dependent  upon  the  order  of  seniority  of  these  brothers.  We  may  men- 
tion that  we  have  long  been  the  family  solicitors  and  that  the  absence  of  birth 
registers  at  that  period  in  Scotland  makes  the  evidence  of  the  copies  of  the 
Tree  of  the  more  importance. 

"  We  will  be  greatly  obliged  if  you  will  favour  us  at  your  earliest  possible 
convenience  with  a  copy  of  the  Tree  you  have  found,  and  which  we  presume 
you  have  with  you,  that  we  may  see  in  what  respects  it  differs  from  that 
we  have.  We  should  also  like  to  have  copies  of  any  letters  or  writings  that 
show  by  whom  or  to  whom  the  Tree  was  sent  and  the  date  when  it  was  sent 
or  received.  The  originals  will  have  to  be  recovered  under  order  of  our 
Supreme  Court,  so  as  to  be  preserved  judicially,  and  thus  rendered  patent 
to  all  claimants,  and  until  we  can  get  such  order,  which  we  will  apply  for  so 
soon  as  we  know  the  contents  of  the  Tree,  we  will  be  obliged  by  your  taking 
great  care  that  the  originals  meet  with  no  mishap.  We  would  suggest,  with 
this  view,  and  also  as  the  order  of  Court  will  be  more  easily  executed  in 
Paris  than  in  Athens,  that  on  your  leaving  Paris  you  should  deposit  the 
documents  in  some  secure  place,  say  at  the  American  or  British  Embassy  or 
with  Rothchilds  Bank,  where  they  may  be  got  by  the  party  who  may  be 
authorized  by  the  Court  to  take  possession  of  them.  We  expect  our  client 
Mr.  William  Monroe  Ross  to  be  in  Paris  in  a  day  or  two  and  are  writing  to 
him  to  his  address  there  Hotel  du  Louvre  to  call  upon  you,  if  you  have  not 
left  before  his  arrival.  We  will  be  pleased  if  he  is  fortunate  enough  to  find 

"  We  were  obliged  for  the  papers  you  sent  us  and  were  well  pleased  to 
see  the  appreciation  in  which  you  are  held  by  your  countrymen,  though  their 
well  deserved  recognition  of  your  services  must  have  been  damped  by  the 
soon  after  lamented  death  of  your  father." 

Messrs.   Stuart  and  Cheyne  to  General  Meredith  Read,  United  States 
Ministers  to  Greece.     Dated  30TH  January,  1875. 

We  wrote  to  you  on  the  17th  ult.  to  the  care  of  Messrs.  Munroe  and  Com- 
pany, Paris,  and  hope  our  letters  reached  you  safely. 

It  will  be  a  very  great  favour  if  you  will  kindly  give  us  an  early  reply,  as  a 
trial  of  the  succession  case  in  which  our  client  is  interested  is  coming  on 
and  if  the  tree  discovered  by  you  is  to  be  of  any  use  in  the  matter  we  would 
require  to  have  its  contents  at  once. 

Hoping  you  will  excuse  our  pressing  the  matter  on  your  immediate  atten- 
tion, we  remain,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  faithfully, 

Stuart  and  Cheyne. 

General  Meredith  Read  to  Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne. 

In  reply  General  Meredith  Read  wrote  the  following  letter  to  Messrs. 
Stuart  and  Cheyne : 

Legation  of  the  United  States,  Athens, 

February  12th,  1875. 

Gentlemen. —  Your  brief  note  of  the  30th  January  reached  me  yesterday. 
I  had  the  pleasure  of  seeing  Mr.  Ross  in  Paris  [Mr.  William  Monro  Ross, 
of  Stone  Castle,  Stone,  West  Dartford,  Kent,  England].     In  fact  he  spent  an 

ii2  Rossiana. 

evening  with  me  by  invitation.     I  showed  him  a  sworn  copy  of  the  tree  which 
I  discovered  in  America. 

He  was  of  opinion  that  it  did  not  come  down  to  a  sufficiently  late  date  to 
be  of  use.  He  thought,  however,  that  it  might  perhaps  be  as  well  to  send  it 
to  you  and  he  said  that  he  would  ask  you  to  send  me  a  copy  of  another 
Pedigree  which  yon  possess  which  giz'cs  many  more  details  than  the  one 
you  sent  me.1  I  have  been  waiting  for  this  pedigree,  but  from  your  letter  I 
infer  that  Mr.  Ross  has  not  yet  informed  you  that  he  met  me  in  Paris.  This 
seems  somewhat  strange,  as  I  treated  Mr.  Ross  with  great  courtesy  and  gave 
him  all  the  information  in  my  power.  I  believe,  however,  that  the  oversight, 
on  his  part  was  not  intentional  and  in  accordance  with  your  request  I  now 
enclose  a  sworn  copy  of  the  Tree  which  I  discovered  in  the  hands  of 
Miss  Clementina  Ross  Plumstead.  You  will  observe  on  the  last  sheet  that 
the  above  written  document  is  endorsed  as  follows,  viz. : 

"  Genealogy  of  the  Earles  of  Ross,  the  antient  Earles  of  Ross-shire  in 
North  Britian,  procured  from  Edin.  Anno  1764  by  John  Ross  late  of  Ross- 
shire  and  a  native  of  that  part  of  Scotland,  which  country  he  left  in  1763  but 
now  a  resident  and  merchant  of  the  city  of  Philadelphia." 

This  John  Ross  merchant  was  as  far  as  known  in  nowise  related  to  my 
great  uncle  the  Hon.  John  Ross,  Attorney  General,  nor  does  it  appear  what 
connection  if  any  he  had  with  the  family  of  the  Earls  of  Ross,  although  he 
apparently  adopted  this  tree.  Was  this  the  tree  sent  to  the  Hon.  John  Ross 
and  did  it  fall  into  the  hands  of  John  Ross,  merchant  ?  I  think  not,  for  the 
tree  sent  to  the  Hon.  John  Ross  showed  in  detail  at  what  time  the  house 
of  Balamuchy  branched  from  the  main  house  and  secondly  the  exact  descent 
of  the  Hon.  John  Ross  stated  in  the  letter  of  Mr.  Hugh  Ross  to  the  Hon. 
John  Ross   (dated  London,  1st  October,  1764),  as  follows: 

As  I  find  your  house  of  Balblair  is  from  mine  of  Shandwick,  I  send  the 
act  yr  of  herewt,  not  inferior  to  any  extant  as  your  worthy  Fathr  truly  tells 
you.  *  *  *  As  you  stand  cadet  of  a  decaved  house  of  Balmuchv  from  me, 
&c  &c 

On  the  30th  of  April,  1763,  the  Hon.  John  Ross,  then  Attorney  General  (if 
the  letter  was  written  in  the  morning,  for  in  the  afternoon  of  that  day  his 
resignation  was  accepted  and  the  Hon.  George  Read,  who  afterwards  married 
his  sister,  was  appointed  in  his  place),  residing  in  the  city  of  Philadelphia, 
addressed  a  letter  to  Dr.  Gordon  requesting  him  to  examine  whether  any 
relationship  existed  between  him  (the  Hon.  John  Ross)  and  the  family  of 
Mr.  Hugh  Ross  residing  in  London.  Dr.  Gordon  took  this  letter  with  the 
copy  of  the  account  of  his  branch  given  by  Rev.  George  Ross  to  his  son  the 
Hon.  John  Ross,  and  after  his  arrival  in  London  delivered  the  two  documents 
to  Mr.  Hugh  Ross  then  residing  in  London,  who  sent  copies  of  them  in  a 
letter  dated  London,  March  22nd,  1764,  to  David  Ross,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 

The  result  of  a  thorough  investigation  was  the  discovery  that  the  Ross 
House  of  Balblair,  of  which  the  Hon.  John  Ross  was  the  then  male  represen- 
tative, was  descended  from  the  Earls  of  Ross  through  the  House  of  Bala- 
muchy. This,  as  I  have  before  remarked,  was  set  forth  clearly  in  the  letter 
of  Mr.  Hugh  Ross  to  the  Hon.  John  Ross,  dated  London,  1st  October,  1764, 
and  I  have  no  doubt  that  the  tree  sent  in  that  letter  to  the  Hon.  John  Ross 
contained  an  account  of  his  branch  of  the  family. 

The  tree,  a  copy  of  which  I  enclose,  was  probably  obtained  from  Scotland 
by  John  Ross,  merchant,  for  his  own  use.  You  will  observe  that  the  account 
of  the  latter's  birth  and  parentage  is  enclosed.  I  had  this  copied  from  Miss 
Clementina  Ross  Plumstead's  family  Bible,  as  I  thought  it  might  perhaps 
give  you  a  clue. 

I  visited  also  in  Philadelphia  the  great  niece  of  the  Hon.  John  Ross,  Miss 
Mary  Ross.  She  possesses  many  pieces  of  the  Ross  silver  with  the  family 
arms;  also  the  family  Bible  of  the  Hon.  John  Ross,  but  I  could  find  no  trace 
of  the  Pedigree.     I  only  know  that  the  facts  set  forth  in  the  Pedigree  have 

'Messrs.     Stuart     &    Cheyne,     in    a    letter     given     subsequently,     say     that     no     further 
information   is   given  in   this   pedigree. 

Shandwick  Succession.  113 

been  traditional  in  our  family  from  the  time  of  the  Rev.  George  Ross,  the 
first  settler  in  America  who  was  born  in  Scotland  in  1679,  and  died  at  New 
Castle  in  the  Province  of  Delaware  in  1754,  and  that  we  have  quartered  the 
Ross  Arms  with  our  own.  I  remember  hearing  in  my  early  boyhood  of  our 
descent  from  Robert  Bruce  who  contended  with  John  Balliol. 

Messrs.  Stuart  and  Cheyne  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Edinburgh,  56  Frederick  Street, 

27th  February,  1875. 

Dear  Sir. —  We  were  favored  with  yours  of  the  12th  instant,  and  are  much 
obliged  for  all  the  trouble  you  have  taken  in  the  matter  of  the  Shandwick 
tree.  We  send  you,  as  requested,  copy  of  your  letter  to  us  and  of  the  docu- 
ments that  accompanied  it  and  will  be  most  happy  to  aid  you  in  your  anti- 
quarian research  by  affording  you  any  information  in  our  power.  We  have 
not,  however,  any  other  tree  than  Crawford's  except  some  which  have  evi- 
dently been  compiled  from  it  and  contain  nothing  but  what  is  in  it.  It  would, 
therefore,  be  useless  to  make  copies  of  them  for  you,  as  they  give  no  further 
information  than  his.  The  copy  you  have  sent  us  is  exactly  the  same  as  the 
copy  of  Crawford's  tree  we  already  have,  save  that  yours  does  not  contain 
the  names  of  the  younger  brothers  of  Hugh  Ross  the  last  mentioned  in  the 
tree,  and  therefore  for  the  purposes  of  our  case  it  is  unfortunately  of  no 
importance,  the  only  point  wanting  to  be  cleared  up  in  it  being  the  order  of 
seniority  of  these  brothers. 

Although  it  is  difficult  to  account  for  the  confusion  of  the  two  John 
Rosses  or  the  connection  of  the  merchant  with  our  Hugh  Ross,  we  are 
almost  certain  that  the  tree  discovered  by  you  is  the  tree  that  was  sent  out 
by  Hugh  Ross,  as  its  particulars  agree  so  minutely  with  his  letter  to  John 
Ross,  and  we  think  it  is  needless  to  pursue  the  research  for  another  one 
any  farther. 

We  have  not  heard  from  our  client  Mr.  Wm.  Ross  since  he  saw  you  and 
conclude  that  he  cannot  have  as  yet  returned  from  the  Continent. 

We  remain  Dear  Sir, 

Yours  faithfully, 

Stuart  and  Cheyne. 
General  J.  Meredith  Read,  Athens. 

P.  S. —  We  do  not  think  the  tree  sent  by  Mr.  Hugh  Ross  had  the  Balblair 
or  Balamuchy  branch  set  fort.i  in  it,  and  rather  read  Mr.  Hugh  Ross'  letter  as 
merely  meaning  that  as  John  Ross'  house  was  from  Shandwick  he  sends  him 
the  account  of  the  Shandwick  house,  not  that  the  tree  traces  the  descent 
of  Balblair,  &c,  from  it.  S.  &  C. 


The  suit  for  the  possession  of  the  Shandwick  estate  was  tried  in  July 
and  August,  1876,  and  resulted  in  establishing  the  claim  of  Captain  Andrew 
Geldart  Reid,  brother  of  Mr.  Francis  Nevile  Reid,  and  a  descendant  in 
the  female  line  of  William  Ross  of  Shandwick,  who,  in  1786,  had  repurchased 
the  Shandwick  estate  and  brought  it  back  into  the  family  after  it  had  been 
alienated  for  over  one  hundred  years,  having  passed  from  the  family  in 
1675,  when  Andrew,  sixth  of  Shandwick,  died,  and  his  widow,  his  second 
wife,  gained  possession  of  the  estate  by  virtue  of  her  marriage  contract. 

Captain  Reid,  the  successful  suitor,  died  after  the  initiation  of  the  pro- 
ceedings, and  the  estate  descended  to  his  eldest  son.  In  a  letter  to  General 
Meredith  Read,  dated  February  25,  1892,  Mr.  Francis  Nevile  Reid  says : 
"  I  descend  from  Mary  Ross  of  Shandwick,  from  whom  this  property  came 
into  my  family,  and  is  now  owned  by  my  nephew,  my  elder  brother's  son." 

ii4  Rossiana. 

Appended  is  an  interesting  and  complete  description  of  the  final  settlement 
of  the  disputed  Shandwick  succession,  as  well  as  the  names  of  the  claimants 
and  the  nature  of  their  pretensions,  as  printed  in  the  columns  of  the  Edin- 
burgh Scotsman  of  August  8,  1876 : 

The  Shandwick  succession  case,  which  recently  engaged  the  attention  of 
the  Lord  President  of  the  Court  of  Session  and  a  jury  for  four  days,  deserves 
to  be  ranked  as  a  cause  celebre.  It  had  many  aspects  of  interest  for  the 
public  at  large,  as  well  as  for  those  who,  from  a  professional  point  of  view, 
could  appreciate  the  enormous  labour  and  the  acumen  that  were  displayed 
in  tracing  the  branches  of  as  tangled  a  "  family  tree  "  as  ever  puzzled  a 
genealogist.  The  history  of  the  case  was  in  fact  that  of  the  Rosses  of 
Shandwick.  and  it  presented  a  curiously  vivid  and  minute  picture  of  the  inner 
and  domestic  life,  as  it  were,  of  a  middle-class  Scotch  family  of  the  last 
century.  In  more  than  one  way,  these  Shandwick  Rosses  displayed  strongly 
developed  national  characteristics.  They  were  clannish,  standing  well  by 
one  another  in  time  of  need,  and  showing  a  decided  preference  in  their 
matrimonial  alliances  for  persons  of  their  own  name,  and,  it  may  be  assumed, 
distantly  or  nearly  of  their  own  kin.  They  were  quarrelsome,  too;  if  they 
acted  on  the  maxim  that  blood  is  thicker  than  water,  they  did  not  hesitate 
on  occasion  to  spill  that  blood ;  for  the  annals  of  the  family  within  seventy 
years  contain  the  record  of  two  duels,  each  of  which  had  a  fatal  termination 
for  one  of  the  combatants.  Especially  were  they  a  pushing,  enterprising  race, 
ready  to  seek  abroad  the  fortune  that  was  not  so  easily  within  their  reach 
at  home.  The  number  of  cadets  of  the  Shandwick  blood  who  were  sent  out 
to  that  Eldorado  of  the  last  century,  the  East  Indies,  was  remarkably  large, 
while  many  of  the  family  were  at  one  time  or  another  engaged  in  commercial 
undertakings  at  Gothenburg,  in  Sweden. 

The  first  connection  of  the  Rosses  with  the  Shandwick  estate  —  which  is 
returned  in  the  Scottish  Domesday  Book  as  of  2,869  acres,  and  £2,721  gross 
rental,  but  was  stated  during  the  trial  of  the  case  to  be  at  present  worth 
between  i'  3,000  and  £  4,000  a  year  —  arose  in  the  earlier  part  of  the  seven- 
teenth century,  when  Mr.  William  Ross,  minister  at  Kincardine,  acquired  the 
"  town  and  lands  of  Shandwick."  He  died  in  1663,  and  was  succeeded  by 
his  second  son  Andrew  —  the  eldest,  David,  having  been  murdered  in  the 
wood  of  Invereshie.  during  the  troublous  times  of  the  Civil  War.  This 
Andrew,  who  was  twice  married,  died  in  embarrassed  circumstances  in  1675, 
and  his  second  wife,  who  was  a  widow  when  he  married  her,  got  possession 
of  the  Shandwick  estate  in  settlement  of  the  provision  made  for  her  by  their 
contract  of  marriage,  leaving  the  eldest  son  of  the  late  laird,  likewise 
named  Andrew,  with  nothing  but  the  empty  title ;  and  for  more  than  a  hun- 
dred years  this  was  all  the  connection  the  Ross  family  had  with  the  prop- 
erty. But  if  Andrew  Ross  the  second  did  not  possess  broad  acres,  he  was 
at  least  rich  in  olive-branches;  it  has  been  ascertained  that  he  had  thirteen 
children,  and  if  a  certain  pedigree  on  which  the  case  of  one  of  the  claimants 
partly  rested  could  be  trusted,  he  had  seventeen  —  ten  sons  and  seven 
daughters —  so  that  he  well  deserved  the  title,  recognised  by  all  the  claimants, 
of  "  common  ancestor."  Of  his  sons,  the  eldest,  William,  was  a  writer  in 
Edinburgh,  acquired  considerable  property  as  writers  are  wont  to  do,  but  was 
drowned  in  1739  in  a  voyage  between  Peterhead  and  Orkney.  He  died 
unmarried.  The  second  son,  Hugh,  cuts  an  important  figure  in  the  family 
history.  He  began  life  as  a  merchant  in  Tain,  but  in  1721  he  killed  Hugh 
Ross,  laird  of  Achnacloich,  in  a  duel,  and  fled  to  Gothenburg.  There,  and 
afterwards  in  London,  he  successfully  continued  mercantile  pursuits,  bought 
estates  in  Scotland,  and  for  many  years  exercised  a  very  generous  and 
paternal  care  over  numerous  nephews,  nieces,  and  cousins  who  stood  in  need 
of  his  assistance.  He  died  in  1775  leaving  two  sons,  both  of  whom  died 
without  lawful  issue.  The  descendant  of  a  natural  son  of  one  of  them  put 
in  a  claim  as  "  nearest  heir  of  conquest  "  to  the  Shandwick  succession,  but  his 
claim  was  dismissed  in  1873. 

Shandwick  Su  ccess ion.  115 

The  third  son  of  the  common  ancestor  was  named  Andrew  like  his  father. 
He  began  life  as  a  merchant  in  Tain,  where  he  rose  to  the  dignity  of  Bailie 
and  Dean  of  Guild  at  a  comparatively  early  age.  His  property  did  not,  how- 
ever, continue,  and  he  gladly  accepted  in  1737  a  commission  from  his  well- 
to-do  brother  Hugh  to  go  out  to  the  East  Indies  on  some  commercial  enter- 
prise. There,  in  1739,  the  same  year  in  which  his  elder  brother  William  was 
drowned,  he  met  his  death  in  the  same  manner.  He  left  behind  him  three 
sons  and  three  daughters ;  the  sons  all  died  without  leaving  issue.  The 
eldest  daughter  jjiarried  Bailie  John  Reid  of  Tain,  and  had  a  family  of  three 
sons  and  four  daughters  —  the  grandson  of  Andrew,  the  eldest  of  these 
Reids,  was  one  of  the  claimants  to  the  Shandwick  estate.  The  third  of 
Andrew  Ross's  daughters,  Katherine,  married  David  Ross,  Commissary-clerk 
of  Tain ;  and  her  great-grandson,  Mr.  John  Ross  Duncan,  was  another  of 
the  claimants  to  the  estate.  The  claim  of  these  two  representatives  of 
Andrew  Ross  was  a  joint  one ;  their  titles  to  succeed,  as  will  be  shown,  must 
of  necessity  stand  or  fall  together. 

The  fourth  son  of  the  common  ancestor,  Alexander,  was,  like  so  many  of 
his  relatives,  engaged  in  commercial  pursuits  —  a  busy,  active  man,  and  a 
great  traveler,  who  seems  to  have  had  no  time  to  think  about  the  domesticities. 
At  all  events,  he  died  unmarried  in  1775,  at  the  respectable  age  of  three  score 
and  ten.  David  Ross,  the  fifth  son  of  the  common  ancestor,  was  a  man  of 
a  very  opposite  character.  He  spent  his  life  in  farming,  with  indifferent 
success,  one  of  the  properties  of  his  brother  Hugh,  and  died  in  1768,  leaving 
a  son  named  William  and  a  daughter  named  Christian.  It  was  this  son 
William  of  his  who,  after  more  than  a  hundred  years  of  alienation,  brought 
back  into  the  family  the  estate  of  Shandwick.  He  was  taken  under  the 
protection  of  his  uncle  Hugh,  educated  chiefly  at  his  expense,  and  sent  out 
in  1770,  in  his  eighteenth  year,  as  a  writer  to  Madras.  There  he  did  so  well 
that  in  1786  he  was  able  to  return  to  his  native  country  with  a  considerable 
fortune,  and  he  lost  no  time  in  opening  negotiations  with  the  then  proprietor 
of  Shandwick,  Lord  Ankerville,  for  its  purchase.  The  transaction  was  com- 
pleted  in  the  same  year,  the  amount  of  the  purchase  money  being  £17,600. 
Finding  that  there  was  not  on  the  estate  any  house  suitable  for  him  to  live 
in,  the  new  laird  resolved  to  build  one,  and  while  this  work  was  in  progress, 
he  took  a  seven  years1  lease  of  the  mansion  of  Tarlogie.  There  he  was  often 
visited  by  two  half-cousins,  Helen  and  Charlotte  Reid,  daughters  of  his 
cousin  Mary  Ross,  who.  as  noted  above,  had  married  Bailie  John  Reid  of 
Tain.  A  charge  brought  against  him  of  immoral  conduct  towards  these 
young  ladies  led  to  a  desperate  quarrel  between  Andrew  Reid  their  elder 
brother  and  William  Ross.  Andrew  challenged  the  laird  to  a  duel,  but  the 
latter  refused  to  accept  the  challenge,  on  the  chivalrous  ground  that  his 
opponent  was  married  and  the  father  of  a  young  family,  while  he  was  a 
bachelor  and  free.  Thereupon  the  indomitable  Andrew  actually  brought  home 
from  India  his  younger  brother  David,  an  officer  in  the  Bengal  army,  to 
avenge  the  wrong  done  to  his  sisters.  A  duel  was  fought  at  Blackheath  in 
May,  1790,  and  this  unhappy  family  quarrel  was  quenched  in  the  blood  of 
poor  William  Ross,  who  had  enjoyed  the  rehabilitated  territorial  honours 
of  the  Shandwick  family  for  scarcely  four  years.  He  had  executed  a  deed 
of  entail,  by  which  the  estate  devolved  on  the  descendants  of  his  sister 
Christian,  whom  failing,  to  his  heirs  whatsoever.  The  direct  line  of  entail 
ended  in  1872,  when  its  last  representative  died.  She  had  been  for  some 
years  in  a  lunatic  asylum,  and  for  a  long  time  evidence  had  been  in  process 
of  collection  to  determine  the  important  question  of  the  heirship  to  the 
Shandwick  property. 

The  two  claimants  already  specified  —  Captain  Andrew  Geldart  Reid, 
grandson  of  Andrew  Reid  who  brought  about  the  duel  fatal  to  William  Ross, 
the  entailer,  and  Mr.  Andrew  Ross  Duncan  —  were  indisputably  the  repre- 
sentatives (entitled  to  succession)  of  all  the  sons  of  the  common  ancestor 
older  than  David,  the  father  of  the  entailer.  They  both  claimed  as  descend- 
ants of  daughters  of  Andrew  Ross,  the  third  son,  William,  the  eldest,  having 
died  unmarried,  and  all  the  lawful  issue  of  Hugh,  the  second,  being  extinct. 
Captain   Andrew   Geldart   Reid   died   after  the   initiation   of  the   proceedings, 

n6  Rossi a  n  a. 

but  his  claim  was  continued  by  his  trustees.  The  title  of  these  two  claimants 
to  succeed  as  "  portioners  "  could  not  be  questioned,  except  by  descendants 
of  younger  brothers  of  David  Ross,  the  entailer's  father,  to  whom,  by  the 
law  of  succession,  the  estate  would  fall,  in  preference  to  descendants  of  the 
elder  brother.  There  were  in  fact  two  sets  of  claims  of  this  character,  either 
of  which,  if  established,  would  have  been  at  once  fatal  to  the  pretensions  of 
Captain  Reid  and  Mr.  Duncan.  The  first  was  by  Mrs.  Agnes  Stewart  Ross 
or  Mackintosh,  who  claimed  as  fifth  in  descent  from  a  Charles  Ross,  alleged 
by  her  counsel  to  be  the  seventh  son  of  Andrew  Ross,  the  "  common 
ancestor,"  and  therefore  considerably  younger  than  David,  the  fifth  son.  It 
was  part  of  Mrs.  Mackintosh's  case  that,  following  David,  the  common 
ancestor  had  no  fewer  than  five  other  sons  —  Walter,  Charles,  Robert, 
Farquhar,  and  George.  But  evidence  was  only  forthcoming  as  to  the 
existence  of  the  last-named  of  these,  and  the  others,  according  to  the  con- 
tention of  Captain  Reid's  and  Mr.  Duncan's  counsel,  either  died  in  infancy 
or  never  lived  at  all.  There  could  be  no  question  that  Mrs.  Mackintosh  was 
descended  from  a  certain  Charles  Ross,  and  that  he  had  a  brother  Walter. 
But  the  question  was,  were  these  two  sons  of  Andrew  Ross  of  Shandwick, 
the  common  ancestor?  Against  this  hypothesis  there  was  very  strong, 
although  indirect,  evidence.  In  the  first  place  there  is  not  in  the  correspond- 
ence of  the  Shandwick  family  —  a  great  mass  of  letters  extending  over  many 
years  —  the  least  mention  of  Charles  Ross.  His  son  Walter  is  mentioned  in 
the  correspondence  as  a  "cousin;"  but  it  was  proved  that  this  cousinship. 
such  as  it  was,  arose  from  the  circumstance  that  Charles  Ross  and  David 
Ross,  the  entailer's  father,  had  married  sisters.  A  curious  piece  of  evidence 
against  Mrs.  Mackintosh's  claim  was  that  two  old  wills  by  Walter,  Charles 
Ross's  brother,  were  found  in  the  Probate  Office,  in  which  legacies  were 
left  to  his  *'  unfortunate  brother  William."  and  his  sisters,  Katherine  and 
Florence.  Now  in  the  Shandwick  family  there  were  indeed  a  William  and 
a  Katherine ;  but  the  William  was  not  unfortunate  except  in  his  death,  which 
happened,  as  we  have  seen,  in  1739,  or  thirty  years  before  Walter's  will  was 
made.  Moreover,  Katherine  Ross  of  Shandwick  died  two  years  before  the 
execution  of  the  will,  and  in  the  Shandwick  family  there  never  was  a  Florence 
at  all. 

Mrs.  Mackintosh's  claim  was  thus  disposed  of:  but  there  remained  another 
set  of  claims  of  another  class.  Two  persons  alleging  descent  from  George 
Ross,  the  youngest  son  of  the  common  ancestor,  put  in  claims  as  portioners. 
and  could  their  pedigree  have  been  established,  their  title  to  succeed  would 
have  been  preferable  to  that  of  Captain  Reid  and  Air.  Duncan.  This  George 
Ross  was  not  at  all  an  apocryphal  descendant  of  old  Andrew  the  common 
ancestor;  he  was  a  very  real  personage  indeed,  but  a  shiftless,  incapable  sort 
of  man,  described  in  a  letter  by  one  of  his  brothers  as  a  "  positive  fool." 
He  went  at  an  early  age  to  Gothenburg  to  be  under  the  wing  of  his  thriving 
brother  Hugh,  who  had  begun  so  ill  by  killing  his  name-sake  of  Achnacloich, 
but  was  afterwards  for  nearly  half  a  century  the  good  genius  of  his  family. 
It  is  known  that  George  Ross  married  at  Gothenburg,  and  had  a  number  of 
children,  of  whom  only  two  sons  and  a  daughter  survived  their  childhood. 
Both  the  sons  died  unmarried  in  India,  whither  they  had  been  sent  by  their 
uncle  Hugh  or  his  wife,  "  equipt  very  genteely."  The  daughter's  fate  has 
never  been  ascertained;  but  as  efforts  made  by  advertisement  and  otherwise 
to  find  out  any  lawful  descendant  of  hers  have  been  utterly  unsuccessful,  it 
may  be  presumed  that  she  either  died  unmarried,  or  that  her  family,  if  she 
had  any  children,  is  extinct.  But  those  who  claimed  the  Shandwick  estate 
as  descendants  of  George  Ross  did  not  pretend  to  any  connection  with  the 
offspring  of  his  Gothenburg  marriage.  So  long  ago  as  1856  —  it  being  even 
then  certain  that  on  the  decease  of  the  then  possessor  of  the  estate  the  ques- 
tion of  the  succession  would  arise  —  an  old  man  resident  in  Lochee  preferred 
a  claim  on  the  ground  that  his  grandfather,  George  Ross,  a  wright  and 
miller  at  Meikle  Tarrell,  was  the  youngest  son  of  the  common  ancestor.  He 
died  some  time  ago,  leaving  three  daughters,  two  of  whom  died  before  the 
case  came  on  for  trial.  One  of  them,  Mrs.  Ann  Ross  or  Robertson,  had 
left    a    son,    Mr.    Andrew    Ross    Robertson,    to    whom    of   course    her    claim 

SJiandzuick  Succession.  117 

descended,  and  the  other  claimant  on  this  basis  was  Mrs.  Jane  Ross  or 
Macpherson,  the  two  claiming  as  portioners.  Their  story  was  that  before 
George  Ross  went  to  Gothenburg  he  married  one  Merran  Manson,  a  servant 
girl,  by  whom  he  had  a  son  named  Andrew,  a  farmer  in  Tullich,  the  father 
of  the  claimant  of  1856,  and  of  course  grandfather  of  Mrs.  Macpherson  and 
great-grandfather  of  Andrew  Ross  Robertson.  But  of  this  alleged  marriage 
of  George  Ross  not  a  tithe  of  evidence  could  be  produced.  The  deposition 
of  the  claimant  of  1856  set  forth  that  his  father  Andrew  died  in  1789  at  the 
age  of  sixty.  In  that  case  he  must  have  been  born  in  1729,  when  George 
Ross  of  Shandwick,  his  alleged  father,  was  but  twelve  years  of  age.  Further, 
there  was  found  in  certain  Sutherlandshire  Presbytery  records  a  statement 
that  George  Ross,  wright  and  miller,  and  Merran  Manson  were  brought  up 
for  ecclesiastical  discipline  in  1743,  when  George  Ross  of  Shandwick  was 
settled  as  a  merchant  in  Gothenburg.  Thus  the  case  of  those  who  were 
known  as  the  Lochee  claimants  came  to  utter  grief,  and  the  only  conclusion 
at  which  the  jury  could  possibly  arrive  was  that  Captain  Andrew  Reid's 
trustees  and  Mr.  Ross  Duncan  were  the  lawful  heirs  to  the  Shandwick  prop- 
erty; which,  oddly  enough,  reverts  in  part  to  the  descendants  of  the  very 
man  who  was  chiefly  instrumental  in  bringing  about  the  duel  that  cut  short 
the  career  of  William  Ross,  who  brought  back  the  estate  into  the  family. 

Referring  to  this  article,  the  firm  of  Stuart  &  Cheyne  wrote  as  follows 
to  the  Scotsman : 

In  your  article  of  to-day  on  the  Shandwick  succession  case,  it  is  stated 
that  the  two  sons  of  Hugh  Ross,  the  second  son  of  the  "  common  ancestor," 
Andrew  Ross,  died  without  lawful  issue ;  and  the  dismissal  of  the  claim 
of  a  descendant  of  one  of  these  sons  is  referred  to  in  such  a  way  as  to  lead 
your  readers  to  the  inference  that  it  was  dismissed  because  of  his  illegitimacy. 
1  As  agents  for  Hugh  Ross'  descendants,  we  must  take  leave  to  correct  both 
the  statement  and  the  inference. 

The  eldest  son  of  Hugh  Ross  had  several  legitimate  children,  of  whom  two 
still  survive.  Another  was  the  lady,  whose  careful  preservation  of  a  large 
number  of  family  letters  and  papers  has  been  of  signal  service  to  the  success- 
ful claimants,  in  enabling  them  to  meet  and  overcome  the  contentions  of  their 
opposing  competitors. 

The  claim  of  the  "  eldest  "  representative  of  Hugh  Ross,  in  the  person  of 
his  great-grandson  in  the  direct  male  line,  was  dismissed,  not  on  any  ground 
of  illegitimacy,  but  purely  and  simply  because  the  Court  decided  as  matter  of 
law  that  the  estate  must  go,  not  to  the  entailer's  "  heir  of  conquest,"  but 
to  his  "  heir  of  line."  No  descendant  of  Hugh  could  claim  in  the  latter  char- 
acter while  descendants  of  any  younger  brother  survived. 


WHILE  the  guest  of  the  Duke  and  Duchess  of  Sutherland  in  1877, 
,  General  Meredith  Read  visited  George  Ross  of  Pitcalnie,  the  chief 
of  the  clan  of  Ross.  Ross  of  Pitcalnie  and  his  wife,  nee  Catharine 
Gilchrist,  had  recently  met  with  a  severe  carriage  accident  which  had  the  most 
serious  results.  Mr.  Ross  was  shattered  by  the  shock  and  his  wife  became 
blind  in  consequence  of  it.  They  received  him  with  the  greatest  cordiality  in 
the  old  house,  which  is  beautifully  situated  in  the  midst  of  charming  gardens 
surrounded  by  venerable  trees.  There  was  much  ancient  and  quaint  furniture 
in  the  drawing  rooms  and  many  family  relics.  Air.  George  Ross  succeeded 
to  the  estates  and  to  the  chieftainship  of  his  clan  on  the  death  of  his  brother 
on  the  12th  April.  1829.  George  Ross,  of  Pitcalnie,  died  without  issue 
August  29,  1884,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  sister's  grandson,  George  Ross 
Williamson,  now  of  Pitcalnie,  who  assumed  the  name  of  Ross. 

The  writer,  in  1882,  visited  Ross  of  Pitcalnie,  and  was  kindly  received  by 
the  old  chieftain  and  his  estimable  wife,  at  which  time  the  writer  also  visited 
Balblair  and  Balnagown  Castle  (see  "A  Visit  to  Balblair  and  Balnagown 
Castle."  page  150).  A  short  time  afterward  General  Meredith  Read 
received  the  following  letter  from  Mrs.  Catherine  Ross,  wife  of  Ross  of 
Pitcalnie.  dated  Rhives  Park  Hill.  X.  B.,  September  8,  1882: 

My  Dear  General  Read: 

Many  thanks  for  your  kind  card.  It  gave  me  great  pleasure  to  make  the 
acquaintance  of  your  son  Mr.  Harmon  Read,  and  I  am  gratified  to  hear  that 
he  gave  such  an  interesting  account  of  his  interview  with  me.  I  was  very 
much  pleased  with  your  son  and  thought  how  proud  the  father  of  such  a 
youth  must  be.  I  am  sorry  to  say  I  do  not  know  how  far  he  succeeded  in 
seeing  places  of  interest  connected  with  our  family  of  Balnagowan,  but  I 
hope  after  leaving  me  that  he  made  his  way  into  the  old  castle  of  his 

The  Chief  sends  greetings,  and  with  kind  regards  I  remain. 

Yours  sincerely, 

Cathr.  Ross. 

Following  the  death  of  Ross  of  Pitcalnie,  in  August,  1884,  his  widow  wrote 
as  follows  to  General  Meredith  Read: 

Rhives  Park  Hill,  Ross-shire, 

October  27,  1884. 

My  Dear  Kinsman. —  Accept  my  grateful  thanks  for  the  kind  sympathy 
you  have  sent  me  as  well  as  for  the  expression  of  regret  for  my  dear  husband. 

My  sore  bereavement  has  left  me  one  consolation,  the  knowledge  that  he 
was  much  beloved  and  deeply  regretted  by  a  large  circle  of  friends.  The 
tokens  of  esteem  from  you  I  value  highly,  showing  me  that  even  the  wide 
ocean  that  separates  us  does  not  prevent  the  heart  beating  warmly  towards 
those  who,  though  distantly,  ;  re  still  connected  by  the  ties  of  blood.  I  can- 
not forget  the  short  but  pleasant  interview  I  had  with  your  most  agreeable 
son,  to   whom   I   beg  to  be   especially   remembered.     Please   accept   from   me 

Ross  of  Pitcalnie.  119 

a  lithographed  portrait  of  your  kinsman,  with  a  short  printed  notice  of  him 
and  his  lineage.     They  have  been  despatched  by  steamer  in  a  small  tin  case 
to  prevent  injury.     The  likeness  is  thought  admirable. 
With  my  cordial  regards  to  you  and  your  family 
Believe  me  always 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

Catherine  Ross, 

By  the  pen  of  a  friend. 
To  General  Meredith  Read, 

16  Everett  Place,  Newport,  Rhode  Island, 

United  States  of  America. 

The  lithograph  has  beneath  it  the  following : 

"  Your's  truly 

George  Ross." 

Mr.  Ross  was  the  Chief  of  the  Clan  of  Ross.  He  is  represented  as  a  hand- 
some man  of  sixty-five,  with  a  fine  forehead  and  well-shaped  head,  a  large, 
frank  eye,  aquiline  features  and  a  full  flowing  white  beard  and  moustache  and 
a  full  well-rounded  figure. 

Rhives  House  is  in  Kilmuir  Easter  Parish,  Ross-shire,  and  is  seven  fur- 
longs north  of  Delny  Station.  Its  late  owner,  George  Ross,  Esqre.,  of  Pit- 
calnie (1803-1884),  owned  10,618  acres  of  the  shire.  It  is  some  miles  from 
Balnagowan.  The  ancient  home  of  our  ancestors  is  now  occupied  by  Sir 
Charles  Ross,  Bart.,  who,  of  the  family  originally  of  Lockhart,  took  the  name 
of  Ross  from  the  Lords  Ross  of  Hawk-head,  who  were  not  in  any  way 
connected  with  our  family  which  sprang  directly  from  the  ancient  Earls  of 
Ross.  Yet  Sir  Charles  Ross  endeavored  to  figure  as  the  head  of  a  clan  to 
which  he  does  not  belong. 

Balnagown  Castle  (also  in  Kilmuir  Easter  Parish),  one  and  a  half  miles 
north  of  Nigg  Bay,  near  Cromarty  Firth,  one  and  a  half  miles  northwest 
of  Kildary  Station  and  five  and  a  quarter  miles  southwest  of  Tain,  stands 
amid  romantic  grounds,  and  commands  a  magnificent  prospect.  It  was  the 
seat  of  the  Earls  of  Ross  in  feudal  times.  It  is  partly  very  ancient,  partly 
an  erection  of  1836,  and  presents  an  imposing  appearance  in  the  old  Scottish 
baronial  style.  It  is  the  seat  of  Sir  Charles  F.  A.  Ross,  Baronet,  born 
1872,  succeeded  1883,  ninth  baronet  since  1672,  and  the  owner  of  110,145 
acres  in  the  shire,  valued  at  12,633  pounds  per  annum.  Creation,  28  February, 

According  to  Mr.  Skene,  the  Scottish  Historian,  Ross  of  Pitcalnie  was  the 
representative  of  the  ancient  Earls.  *  *  *  In  1778,  Monro  Ross  of  Pit- 
calnie presented  a  petition  to  the  King,  claiming  the  Earldom  of  Ross  as  male 
descendant  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Rarichies.  This  petition  was  sent  to  the  House 
of  Lords,  but  no  decision  appears  to  have  followed  upon  it. 


The  Northern  Chronicle,  of  September  10,  1884,  contained  the  appended 
obituary  notice  of  George  Ross,  Esq.,  Chief  of  the  Clan  of  Ross : 

Mr.  George  Ross  of  Pitcalnie  died  at  Rhrves,  Ross-shire,  on  29th  ult..  and 
was  buried  among  the  birches  he  loved  so  well  in  the  burying  place  of 
Annait-na-h-eaglais   (Amat  of  the  Church),  on  one  of  his  own  estates,  lying 

120  Rossi  an  a. 

at  the  head  of  Strathcarron,  in  Ross-shire.  The  funeral  took  place  on 
Wednesday  the  3rd  inst.,  which,  strange  to  say,  though  it  had  been  fixed 
without  reference  to  the  circumstance,  was  the  81st  anniversary  of  the 
deceased's  birth. 

Mr.  George  Ross  succeeded  to  the  estates  and  to  the  Chieftainship  of  his 
clan  on  the  death  of  his  brother  on  12th  April,  1829,  and  from  his  succession 
to  his  death,  has  continuously  resided  in  Ross-shire.  Actively  engaged  in 
county  business  and  all  the  ordinary  pursuits  of  a  country  gentleman,  adding 
further  what  few  Highland  lairds  have  cared  to  do  during  the  same  period — 
a  close  personal  attendance  to  the  management  of  his  estates  and  superin- 
tendence of  his  tenants,  and  engaging  extensively  in  farming  operations, 
sheep  and  agricultural,  both  on  his  own  lands  and  on  the  lands  of  others. 

As  landowner,  farmer  and  gentleman,  he  was  thoroughly  and  intimately 
known,  and  found  to  be  a  man  of  the  highest  probity  and  most  sterling  worth, 
who  discharged  all  the  duties  of  his  position  and  occupations  in  a  manner 
which  commanded  the  ardent  affection  and  esteem  of  all  with  whom  he  came 
in  contact.  He  was  of  course  personally  known  throughout  the  length  and 
breadth  of  the  county,  and  he  was  intimately  acquainted  with  every  man, 
woman  and  child  on  his  lands.  His  perfect  knowledge  of  the  circumstances, 
requirements  and  capabilities  of  his  country  and  people  gave  real  value  to 
his  personal  superintendence  of  his  estates,  and  during  the  more  than  half 
a  century  which  intervened  between  his  accession  and  his  death,  he  was 
never  known  to  provoke  or  suffer  from  discontent  or  contention  with  crofter 
or  tacksman  of  his  own  lands,  or  with  laird  or  factor  on  the  lands  he  leased 
from  others. 

The  deceased  was  a  very  decided  and  consistent  Conservative  in  politics, 
and  no  believer  in  the  regeneration  of  the  race  by  Act  of  Parliament  or 
restoration  of  agricultural  or  other  prosperity  by  extension  of  the  Franchise. 
Pitcalnie  married  on  1st  June,  1837,  Miss  Catherine  Gilchrist,  daughter  of 
Dugald  Gilchrist,  Esquire  of  Opisdale,  by  whom  he  is  survived.  There  was 
no  issue  of  the  marriage.  He  was  9th  of  Pitcalnie,  and  24th  in  direct  lineal 
descent  from  Syart  Thane  of  Ross,  who  was  created  Earl  of  Ross  by 
Malcolm  III.  at  the  Parliament  of  Forfar  in  1062.  The  title  passed  from 
the  8th  Earl,  William,  who  had  no  son,  to  his  daughter  Euffen,  Countess  of 
Ross,  who  married  Walter  Leslie,  second  son  of  Sir  Andrew  Leslie  of  that 
Ilk.  In  right  of  his  wife,  Leslie  took  and  enjoyed  the  title  of  Earl  of  Ross. 
The  issue  of  this  marriage  were  (1)  Margaret,  who  married  Donald  of  the 
Isles,  and  (2)  Alexander,  who  succeeded  to  the  title,  and  married  a  daughter 
of  Robert,  Duke  of  Albany,  by  whom  he  had  one  child,  a  daughter,  Euffen. 
This  Euffen,  succeeding  to  the  title  of  Countess  of  Ross,  became  a  nun,  and 
resigned  the  title  to  her  maternal  uncle  John,  Earl  of  Buchan.  who  became 
Earl  of  Buchan  and  Ross.  This  gave  grave  offence  to  Donald  of  the  Isles, 
who  had  married  Euffen's  aunt  Margaret,  who  now  claimed  the  title  as  his 
in  virtue  of  this  marriage,  which  is  the  origin  of  the  Lord  of  the  Isles'  claim 
to  the  Earldom  of  Ross.  The  contention  caused  by  the  Countess  Euffen's 
resignation  to  Earl  Buchan  ultimately  led  to  the  battle  of  Harlaw.  When 
the  title  of  Earl  of  Ross  passed  to  the  daughter  of  the  eighth  Earl  William, 
William's  brother  Hugh,  first  of  Balnagowan,  succeeded  to  the  Chieftainship 
of  the  Clan  Ross.  From  him  it  passed  on  from  father  to  son  to  Alexander 
ninth  of  Balnagowan,  who  had  two  sons  —  the  elder  George,  who  succeeded 
him ;  and  the  younger.  Nicholas,  who  founded  the  family  of  Pitcalnie.  The 
Chieftainship  in  the  Balnagowans  ended  with  the  thirteenth  Laird,  David, 
last  Ross  of  Balnagown,  who  died  in  1711  without  issue.  The  Chieftainship 
then  passed  to  Alexander,  fourth  of  Pitcalnie,  from  whom  it  passed  in  regular 
descent  to  Alexander,  sixth,  of  Pitcalnie,  the  father  of  poor  Callun  Oag  of 
the  '45,  who  died  without  issue  in  exile.  On  the  death  of  Alexander,  sixth 
of  Pitcalnie.  he  was  succeeded  by  his  younger  son,  Munro  Ross,  who,  dis- 
appointed in  love  and  in  law,  died  childless  at  Amat.  and  opened  the  way 
to  the  Chieftainship  for  the  descendants  of  his  grandfather's  brother,  the 
last  male  of  whom  is  the  gentleman  who  has  just  died.  He  is  succeeded  in 
the  estates  by  a  grand-nephew,  who  will  doubtless  take  the  name  of  Ross. 
But  the  Chieftainship  is  extinct,  unless  indeed  there  still  exist  male  descend- 

Ross  of  Pitcalnie.  121 

ants  of  Malcolm  of  Kindeace  —  for  we  fear  it  is  almost  too  late  to  search 
with  success  for  a  male  descendant  of  Little  Tarrel,  Auchnaclaugh,  Inver- 
charron,  Priesthill,  Shandwick,  or  Tayne.  There  is  perhaps  no  county  in 
Scotland  where  the  lesser  gentry  native  to  the  soil  have  been  so  numerous, 
and  have  so  completely  disappeared,  as  in  this  county  of  Ross. 


The  young  laird  of  Pitcalnie.  Mr.  George  R.  Williamson  Ross,  who  suc- 
ceeded to  the  estate  of  Pitcalnie  on  the  death  of  George  Ross,  tenth  laird, 
became  of  age  on  November  3,  1894,  and  entered  upon  his  estate,  at  which 
time  the  tenantry  arranged  a  notable  celebration,  which  was  thus  described 
by  the  Ross-shire  Journal  of  November  9.  1894: 

Coming  of  Age  of  a  Young  Laird  —  On  Saturday  Mr.  George  R.  William- 
son Ross,  Ankerville  Cottage,  Tain,  the  young  laird  of  Pitcalnie  and  Amat, 
came  of  age.  In  honor  of  the  event  huge  bonfires  burned  all  night  at  Nigg, 
and  at  Amat  on  Monday  the  tenants  held  rejoicings  on  a  large  extent. 
Dancing  was  kept  up  heartily  at  both  places,  and  the  tenants  and  their  friends 
did  all  in  their  power  to  honor  the  occasion.  At  Ankerville  Cottage,  Tain, 
the  residence  of  the  young  laird,  similar  rejoicings  were  held.  At  a  private 
party  held  in  his  house  the  young  laird  received  many  handshakes  from 
friends  who  wished  him  joy  and  happiness.  Mr.  Ross's  uncle,  says  a  corre- 
spondent, the  late  Mr.  George  Ross,  tenth  of  Pitcalnie,  was  twenty-third 
chief  of  the  Clan  Ross,  and  the  oldest,  if  not  the  only,  known  male  repre- 
sentative of  the  ancient  Earls  of  Ross.  His  successor,  Mr.  George  R. 
Williamson  Ross,  is  a  sister's  grandson  who  has  assumed  the  additional 
surname  of  Ross.  He  is  ninth  in  descent  from  Nicolas,  first  of  Pitcalnie,  a 
younger  son  of  Alexander  Ross,  ninth  of  Balnagown,  who  died  in  1592, 
whose  male  descendants  by  his  eldest  son,  George  tenth,  became  extinct  on 
the  death,  without  issue,  of  David,  thirteenth  of  Balnagown,  in  171 1,  when 
the  chieftainship  devolved  on  Malcolm,  fourth  of  Pitcalnie.  Alexander  of 
Balnagown,  already  referred  to,  was  ninth  in  descent  from  Hugh,  fifth  Earl 
of  Ross,  who  fell  at  Halidon  Hill  in  1333,  and  who,  in  1308,  had  married 
Lady  Maud,  sister  of  King  Robert  Bruce,  by  whom  he  had  William,  the 
sixth  and  last  of  the  old  Earl  of  Ross  family,  while  their  third  son  was 
Hugh,  who  became  first  of  Balnagown,  and  who  died  in  1371.  Between 
Malcolm,  the  first  Earl  of  Ross  (A.  D.  1153-65)  and  the  subject  of  this 
notice,  there  are  twenty-three  generations,  only  once  broken  in  the  female 


George  Ross,  tenth  of  Pitcalnie,  possessed  a  number  of  ancient  charters, 
papers  and  documents,  which,  in  1876,  were  reported  on  by  William  Fraser 
(App.,  p.  715).  The  charters  contain  grants  by  Cardinal  Beaton,  the  Bishop 
of  Ross,  and  others,  of  lands  in  Ross-shire  and  Inverness  to  the  Lairds  of 
Balnagown  and  Pitcalnie.  A  bond  entered  into  by  certain  persons  named 
Rollok,  whereby  they  received  certain  sums  of  money  from  George  Ross 
of  Balnagown  to  satisfy  them  for  the  "  slaughter  of  Patrick  Rollok,  our 
brother  germane,"  by  Nicolas  Ross  of  Pitcalnie,  illustrates  the  convenient 
method  used  in  1595,  of  settling  a  serious  case  to  the  satisfaction  of  all 
concerned.  There  is  also  printed  in  full  an  agreement  among  a  number 
of  persons  of  the  name  of  Ross,  which  throws  some  light  on  the  relationship 
between  the  clansmen  and  their  chief.  Among  the  letters  is  one  from  John 
Earl  of  Sutherland  in  1638.     respecting  the  innovations  in  the  Service  Book. 

122  Rossiana. 

and  two  letters  from  Duncan  Forbes  of  Culloden,  expressing  his  anxiety  to 
prevent  the  son  of  Ross  of  Pitcalnie  from  continuing  to  take  part  in  the 
Rebellion  of  1745. 

Report  of  the  Manuscripts  of  George  Ross,  Esor..  of  Pitcalnie.  in  the 
County  of  Ross,  by  William  Fraser,  Edinburgh. 

Mr.  Ross  of  Pitcalnie  is  the  heir  male  of  the  ancient  Earls  of  Ross,  who 
were  also  Lords  of  Skye.  This  once  powerful  family  was  ennobled  at  a  very 
early  period  of  Scottish  history.  An  Earl  of  Ross  appears  in  the  reign  of 
King  Malcolm  the  Mawen.  who  reigned  from  1153-1165.  Farquhar,  Earl  of 
Ross,  founded  the  Abbey  of  Fearn,  in  the  reign  of  King  Alexander  the 

More  than  one  of  the  family  of  the  Earls  of  Ross  intermarried  with  the 
Royal  Family  of  Scotland,  and  the  power  of  the  Earls  of  Ross,  especially  in 
the  north  of  Scotland,  was  so  great  as  frequently  to  cause  serious  trouble  to 
the  monarch. 

But  in  the  fifteenth  century  this  family  suffered  an  eclipse.  In  the  year 
1476  the  Earldom  of  Ross  was  forfeited  by  an  Act  of  Parliament  of  Scotland, 
and  inalienably  annexed  to  the  Crown. 

William,  Sixth  Earl  of  Ross,  who  was  Justicial  of  Scotland  north  of  the 
Forth,  obtained  from  King  David  the  Second  a  charter  dated  3  October,  1370, 
of  the  Earldom  of  Ross  on  Lordship  of  Skye.  He  had  issue,  two  daughters ; 
the  elder.  Lady  Euphemia  Ross,  who  succeeded  her  father  as  Countess  of 
Ross  in  1372.  married,  first,  Sir  Walter  Leslie,  second  son  of  Sir  Andrew 
Leslie  of  that  Ilk,  and  Sir  Walter,  in  term  of  the  Crown  Charter  of  1370, 
became,  before  14  August,  1379,  Earl  of  Ross.  Of  the  marriage  there  was 
issue  a  son  and  daughter,  the  former  of  whom,  Alexander  Leslie,  became 
Earl  of  Ross.  He  married  Lady  Esabel  Stewart,  daughter  of  Robert,  Duke 
of  Albany,  by  whom  he  had  only  one  daughter,  Lady  Euphemia  Leslie,  who 
succeeded  her  father  as  Countess  of  Ross.  Resolving  to  become  a  nun,  she 
resigned  in  1415  the  Earldom  of  Ross  to  her  uncle,  John  Stewart,  Earl  of 
Buchan ;  but  her  aunt.  Lady  Margaret  Leslie,  wife  of  Donald,  Lord  of  the 
Isles,  successfully  claimed  the  Earldom  and  title  of  Ross,  and  the  Earldom 
of  Ross  and  the  Lordship  of  the  Isle  continued  conjoined  till  the  year  1476, 
when,  as  stated  above,  they  were  forfeited. 

Through  the  marriage  of  a  Monro  ancestor  with  a  lady  of  the  family  of 
Lord  Macdonald,  the  heir  general  of  the  ancient  Earls  of  Ross  and  Lords  of 
Skye  is  George  Home-Brunning  Home,  Esquire  of  Argate,  in  the  County  of 

The  younger  daughter  of  William,  Sixth  Earl  of  Ross,  Lady  Johanna  Ross, 
married  Sir  Alexander  Fraser,  who  obtained  with  her  the  lands  of  Philorth, 
in  the  county  of  Aberdeen,  which  still  form  part  of  the  inheritance  of  Lord 
Saltonnas,  the  descendant  and  representative  of  the  Lady  Johanna  Ross  or 

Hugh  Ross,  of  Rarichies,  second  son  of  Hugh,  Earl  of  Ross,  and  Jean, 
daughter  of  Walter  the  High  Steward  of  Scotland,  obtained  a  charter  in 
1374  from  King  Robert  the  Second,  in  which  he  is  designated  his  brother- 
in-law,   of  the   lands   of   Balnagown   and   Rarichies.      That    Hugh   Ross   con- 

Ross  of  Pitcalnie.  123 

tinued  the  family  in  the  male  line.  After  the  forfeiture  of  the  Earldom  of 
Ross  the  Lairds  of  Balnagown  were  regarded  as  the  head  of  the  clan  Ross, 
and  they  continued  as  such  for  many  generations.  David  Ross,  last  of  Balna- 
gown, sold  the  estate  to  General  Ross,  brother  of  Lord  Ross  of  Hawkhead, 
who,  although  of  the  same  name,  was  not  of  the  same  family.  David  Ross 
died  in  the  year  171 1,  without  issue,  and  the  representation  in  the  male  line 
then  devolved  on  the  Pitcalnie  branch  of  the  family. 

In  1545  Cardinal  Beaton  granted  a  charter  of  Confirmation  to  Charles 
Carncors  of  the  lands  of  "  Pitcallene,"  etc.,  belonging  to  the  Bishoprick  of 
Ross,  as  superior,  to  Alexander  Ross  of  Balnagown  and  Katherine  Mac- 
kenzie, his  spouse.  In  1587  Alexander  Ross  of  Balnagown  granted  a  charter 
to  his  son  Nicholas  Ross,  of  the  lands  of  Pitcalnie  and  others,  and  Nicolas 
was  afterwards  known  as  the  first  Laird  Ross  of  Pitcalnie. 

The  agreement  of  date  20th  July,  1676,  entered  into  between  Balnagown, 
the  head  of  the  clan  Ross,  and  some  of  his  kinsmen  illustrates  a  point  regard- 
ing the  relation  of  the  chief  to  the  clan  about  which  there  has  often  been 
misconception.  It  has  sometimes  been  supposed  that  the  chief  could  do  no 
wrong  in  the  eyes  of  his  followers,  and  was  not  in  any  way  responsible  for 
his  bearing  towards  them.  But  this  agreement,  the  occasion  of  which  was 
that  the  Laird  of  Balnagown  had  cut  with  his  "  whinger  "  the  head  of  one 
of  his  kinsmen,  shows  this  to  be  an  error,  being  that  in  the  event  of  Balna- 
gown's  acting  unjustly  towards  his  kinsmen,  they  would  withdraw  from 
following  and  wrong  him.  In  the  correspondence  is  a  large  number  of  letters 
from  William,  eleventh  Lord  Ross  of  Hawkhead,  to  the  Laird  of  Balnagown. 
Lord  Ross  of  Hawkhead  wis  anxious  to  be  recognized  as  the  head  of  the 
clan  Ross,  and  made  great  promises  of  advancing  the  interest  of  all  who 
bore  that  name,  if  Balnagowan  should  favor  his  views. 

The  letter  from  Archibald,  Earl  of  Argyle,  to  the  wife  of  Balnagowan 
probably  refers  to  Lord  Lovat's  first  trial.  Balnagowan  was  Lovat's  cousin, 
and  seems  to  have  interested  himself  in  the  defence.  The  letters  from 
Duncan  Forbes,  Lord  President  of  the  Court  of  Sessions,  were  occasioned 
by  the  son  of  Mr.  Ross  of  Pitcalnie  joining  the  party  of  Prince  Charles 
Edward  in  the  year  1745.  Young  Mr.  Ross,  while  at  Aberdeen  College,  had 
impressed  his  professor  as  a  student  of  great  promise,  but  at  the  same  time 
as  one  who  required  strong  rein  and  a  steady  hand  to  govern  him. 

The  subsequent  actions  of  the  young  man  showed  the  correctness  of  the 
professor's  opinion,  for  all  the  entreaties  of  his  father  and  the  reasonings  of 
the  Lord  President  were  not  sufficient  to  draw  him  from  the  cause  which  he 
had  espoused. 

There  are  a  great  many  other  letters  in  this  collection  which  it  has  not 
been  necessary  to  note,  as  well  as  other  papers,  among  which  is  the  petition 
of  Munro  Ross  of  Pitcalnie  in  1778,  regarding  his  claim  to  the  Earldom  of 
Ross,  with  relative  papers. 

The  charters  previous  to  1600  are  noted  and  annexed  hereto: 

1.  Notarial  instrument,  certifying  that  on  the  24th  day  of  January,  1456. 
a  nobleman,  John  of  Ross,  Laird  cf  Balnagown,  craved  of  Alexander  of 
Southerland,  Laird  of  Dunbeth.  a  bond  for  2of  usual  money  received  and 
paid   back.     To    which    Alexander   of   Sutherland    made    answer    saying   that 

124  Rossiana. 

he  was  fully  paid  and  entered  and  claimed  John  of  Ross  for  the  sum,  al- 
though he  could  not  find  the  bond,  yet  he  engaged  that  the  said  bond  should 
never  come  in  prejudice  of  the  said  John.  Whereupon  the  said  Laird  of 
Balnagowan  paid  Alexander  of  Sutherland  a  certain  sum  of  money  for  the 
wadsett  of  the  lands  of  Culynorey  and  Moyblare,  and  asked  the  charter  of 
wadsett  to  be  returned  to  him.  But  Alexander  of  Southerland  refused  to 
give  up  the  charter  till  John  of  Ross  gave  him  a  merk  usual  money  beyond 
the  sum  for  the  maill  of  the  land  from  the  term  of  Martimas  for  the  eight 
days  past  before  payment,  which  John  of  Ross  refused.  Whereupon,  with 
consent  of  both  parties,  the  charter,  with  letter  of  reversion,  was  given  to 
William  Momlaw,  notary  public,  to  keep  till  the  plea  was  settled  who  had 
a  right  to  the  merk.  Done  in  the  Church  of  Tayn,  the  above  date.  Present, 
Magnus  Buze.  rector  of  Olryk ;  Thomas  Colyson  and  William  Momlaw, 
chaplains  of  Tayn ;  Donald  McFirissome  and  Christsan  of  Forres. 

2.  Charter  of  Assendation  by  Robert  Bishop  of  Ross,  commendator  of 
Feme,  to  Charles  Carncors,  of  the  lands  of  Culderere  Colnahaa,  Pitcallene 
Amot  Strononmadde,  and  Amot  Aegglies.  To  be  held  of  the  Bishop  of 
Ross  in  perform  and  heritage  forever.  Paying  for  the  lands  of  Culderere  five 
merks.  half  a  mart,  two  sheep,  six  capons,  six  poultry  and  two  kids,  and 
forty  eggs  for  six  pennies,  one  boll  of  oats,  commonly  called  "  niggerging 
ates  "  and  for  gressum  twenty-two  shillings  and  three  pennies.  For  the 
lands  of  Culuahaa  forty  shillings,  a  fourth  part  of  a  merk,  etc.  For  the 
lands  of  Pitcallene,  five  merks.  half  a  merk,  two  sheep,  six  capons,  six  poul- 
try, two  kids  and  forty  eggs  for  sixpence  one  boll  of  oats,  and  for  gressum 
twenty-two  shillings  and  three  pennies,  etc.  And  for  arriages  and  carriages 
and  other  services  from  these  lands  two  merks  Scots.  And  giving  three 
suits  at  the  three  head  Courts  at  Chanoury.     With  a  duplican  on  entry. 

Dated  and  signed  by  the  bishop  at  the  Chanoury  of  Ross,  18  May,  1543. 
[Seals  wanting.] 

The  preamble  of  the  charter  refers  to  the  statutes  passed  by  the  King  and 
Parliament  of  Scotland  for  leasing  of  lands,  and  the  benefits  thereby  to  accrue 
through  building  of  sufficient  houses,  in  breaking  of  land,  amelioration  of 
barren  ground,  planting  trees,  etc..  enriching  of  the  tenantry  and  possessors 
"  bestowed  for  the  adornment  and  policy  of  the  commonwealth  of  the  King- 
and  for  defence  of  the  Kingdom  against  ancient  enemies,  or  any  other 

3.  Precept  of  Sasine  by  Robert,  Bishop  of  Ross,  commendator  of  Feme 
for  infefting  Charles  Carncors  in  the  above  lands  of  Culderer,  Culuahaa,  Pit- 
callene, Annot,  Stranamaddow  and  Amott  Eagglis. 

Dated  and  subscribed  by  the  bishop  at  the  Chanoury  of  Ross.  18  May,  1543. 

The  bishop's  rental  was  increased  by  the  lease  by  the  sum  of  two  merks 
"  bestowed  for  the  adornment  and  policy  of  the  commonwealth  of  the  King- 
dom," besides  a  sum  of  money  paid  by  the  infeoffee. 

4.  Precept  of  Sasine.  by  Robert,  Bishop  of  Ross,  commendator  of  Feme, 
for  infefting  William  Carncors  in  the  lands  of  Vestir  Ferbal,  Sandvik  Can- 
lochmore,  Boithbege,  Roiarchireachtrach,  Rearchirorthrach,  Canoichtrach. 
Dated  at  Chanoury  of  Ross,  18  May.  1543.  A  memorandum  on  the  back 
states  that  Sasine  was  given  on  the  3  July,  1543. 

5.  Charge  by  Cardinal  Beton,  releasing  the  lease  by  Robert,  late  Bishop 
of  Ross,  to  Charles  Carnecors,  layman  of  Glasgow  diocese,  of  the  church 
lands  of  Cuderere,  Culnahaa,  Pitcallene,  Annott,  Stronamaddo  and  Amot 
Eagglis ;  and  a  petition  by  Charles  Carnecors  for  confirmation  by  the 
Apostolic  See.  commanding  the  sub-Chantor  of  Moray,  and  Gaoin  Leslies, 
and  Thomas  Gadderar.  canons  respectively  of  Aberdeen  and  Moray,  to  call 
together  the  dean  and  chapter  of  the  Church  of  Ross,  etc.,  and  to  ascertain 
whether  the  said  lease  was  for  the  weal  and  benefit  of  the  Church  of  Ross- 
and  bishops  of  the  See,  and  if  so  to  confirm  and  ratify  the  same. 

Ross  of  Pitcalnic.  125 

Dated  at  Edinburgh,  in  St.  Andrew's  diocese  IX  Kal.,  Februarii,  1545. 
The  Cardinal  appears  to  exercise  his  authority  in  this  matter  because  of 
the  decease  of  the  Bishop  of  Ross. 

6.  Charter  of  Alienation  by  William  Carncors  of  Cowmislie  to  Alexander 
Ross  of  Balnagowan,  his  heirs  and  assignees  of  the  lands  of  Boith  Beg, 
Kendlochmore,  Rewfarquhare,  Earththraich,  Rewfarquhare,  Oichthraich,  and 
Canochthraich,  lying  in  the  Lordship  and  Bishopric  of  Ross,  and  part  of 
Inverness ;  to  be  held  from  the  granter,  his  heirs  and  assignees  of  the  Bishop 
of  Ross  and  his  successors,  infeouff  and  heritage  forever  for  payment  of  the 
sum  of  five  pounds,  thirteen  shillings  and  four  pennies  Scots,  half  a  merk, 
three  sheep,  etc.,  and  in  yearly  augmentation  of  the  rental  of  the  bishopric 
four  shillings  and  six  pennies,  with  three  suits  of  court  at  the  three  head 
courts  held  in  Chanoury  in  name  of  feufarm ;  and  a  duplicate  by  the  heirs  at 
their  entrv.     Dated  at  Edinburgh,  28  July,   1548. 

7.  Precept  of  Sasine  by  William  Carncors  of  Cownislie  for  infefting 
Alexander  Ross  of  Balnagowan  in  the  lands  of  Borth  Beg,  Kandlochmor, 
Rewfarquhare  Earththraich,  Rewfarquhare,  Oichthraich  and  Canochthraich, 
in  the  Lordship  and  Bishopric  of  Ross  and  Shire  of  Inverness,  according  to 
the  preceding  charter.     Dated  at  Edinburgh.  28  July,  1548. 

8.  Precept  of  Sasine  by  John  Duncan,  Lord  of  the  third  part  of  the  town 
and  lands  of  Arkboll,  for  infefting  Alexander  Ross  of  Litill  Terral,  and 
Elizabeth  Ross  his  spouse,  in  the  third  part  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Arkboll. 
in  the  Earldom  of  Ross  and  Shire  of  Inverness.  Dated  at  Terral  Litill  12th 
day  of  January,  1566. 

9.  Confirmation  by  Mary  Queen  of  Scots,  under  the  Great  Seal  of  Charter 
by  John  Duncan,  with  consent  of  Katharine  Ross  his  spouse,  to  Alexander 
Ross  of  Litil  Terral,  and  Elizabeth  Ross  his  spouse,  of  the  third  part  of  the 
town  and  lands  of  Arkboll.  To  be  held  from  the  granter  of  the  Crown 
Charter  dated  at  Terrall  Litill  12th  January,  1561.  Witnesses,  John 
McCulloch  of  Litill  Tarrell,  etc.  Confirmation  dated  at  St.  Andrews  24 
February,  1662. 

10.  Charter  by  Henry,  Bishop  of  Ross,  as  superior  to  Alexander  Ross  of 
Balnagowan  and  Katherine  Makkenzie  his  spouse  in  conjunct  fee,  and  the 
heirs  male  of  their  bodies,  whom  failing  to  the  heirs  of  the  said  Alexander 
whomsoever  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Culderrie,  with  brewhouse,  etc.,  extend- 
ing to  a  half  davoch  of  land,  lands  of  Culahaa  with  brewhouse,  etc.,  lands 
of  Pitcalnie  extending  to  a  half  davoch,  fourth  part  of  the  lands  of  Ferbelt, 
lands  of  Annnot,  Amot,  Eglis,  Borthbeg,  Kenlochmoir,  Eistir  and  Westir, 
Reinfaronharris,  Kayndwochtheraich,  fourth  part  of  the  croft  of  the  said 
lands  of  Terbett,  called  Laird  Croft  (Croftadomin),  fourth  part  of  Brew- 
house of  Terbett.  fourth  part  of  the  fisher's  croft,  and  fourth  part  of  the  mill 
of  Terbett  lying  in  the  Diocese  of  Ross  and  Shire  of  Inverness,  which  for- 
merly belonged  to  Alexander  Ross  of  Balnagown,  heritable  infeufing,  and 
were  resigned  by  him  in  the  Bishop's  lands  of  Roslyne.  to  be  held  of  the 
Bishop  of  Ross.  The  reddendo  is  given  at  length.  Among  the  services  to 
be  rendered  were  the  leading  "  nyrae  scoulaidis  off,  well,  peillis  to  the 
bishop  and  his  successors  in  manse  of  Nyg  or  Terbet  when  required,  at  their 
own  charges,  but  the  fuel  to  be  cast  and  were  at  the  bishop's  charges,  and  to 
send  ten  horses  for  three  days  laboring  and  to  give  assistance  in  leading  the 

sheaves  of  Nyg  and  Terley.  and  the  tenants  to  assist  in  upholding  the 
"  3  air  "  of  Ryncame  as  formerly ;  with  three  suits  at  the  three  head  courts 
at  Chanoury  of  Ross,  with  a  deep  license. 

The  said  Alexander  and  Catharine  his  wife  and  their  heirs  to  make  oath 
of  fealty  and  homage,  to  the  bishop  at  their  entry,  to  maintain  and  defend  his 
good  lands,  tends,  and  the  orthodox  faith  to  their  power ;  with  other  clauses 
and  conditions,  one  being  that  if  he  rode  or  went  on  foot  with  any  person, 
secular  or  ecclesiastic,  against  the  bishop,  or  deforced  his  officers,  he  should 
lose  the  feufaim.  Contains  a  Precept  of  Seisin  and  is  dated  at  Roslyne,  22 
April,    1563.     Witnesses,   William   Sinclair   of  Roslyne,   Sir  John    Robesoun, 

126  Rossi  a  n  a. 

Provost  of  Roslyne,  St.  James  Gray,  prebendary  of  Corstorphine,  Sir  Mark 
Jamesoun,  Vicar  of  Kershindy,  Alexander  Pedder,  Vicar  of  Urray,  Notaries 
Public  (seal  needed  entire).     On  the  back  is  the  instrument  of  Sasine. 

ii.  Charter  of  Mary  Queen  of  Scots,  under  the  great  seal,  confirming  a 
charter  granted  by  John  Donvoue,  eportoner  of  Arkboll,  with  consent  of 
Katherine  Ross  his  wife,  to  his  cousin  William  Donvoue  of  Petnely,  his 
heirs  and  assignees  of  the  third  part  of  the  town  and  lands  of  Arkboll,  lying 
in  the  Earldom  of  Ross  and  Shire  of  Inverness  to  be  held  of  the  Crown. 
Charter  dated  at  Petnely,  6th  February,  1566.  Witnesses,  Andrew  Ross, 
Bailie  of  Tayne,  and  others.  Confirmation  dated  at  Stirling,  4  July,  15.64. 
Witnesses,  John,  Archbishop  of  St.  Andrew's;  James,  Earl  of  Mortoun;  Wil- 
liam, Earl  of  Marischal,  etc.     [Seal.] 

T2.  Charter  by  Nicholas  Ross  of  Dunsraithe  to  Donald  Ross  of  Litill 
Kinteis,  his  brother,  in  life  rent  of  two  oxgangs  of  his  Kirkland  of  Duns- 
raith  in  the  Earldom  and  Bishopric  of  Ross  and  Shire  of  Inverness.  Dated 
and  subscribed  by  the  grantor  at  Pitcallene  in  Ross,  25  June,  1571.  [Seal 

13.  Tack  by  .Master  Alexander  Les,  the  parson  of  Kincairne  (Kincaidine) 
with  consent  of  the  chapter  of  the  Cathedral  Kirk  of  Ross,  to  George  Ross 
of  Balnagowin.  for  a  sum  of  money  paid  in  name  of  person  of  the  teind 
vicarage  and  parsonage  of  the  lands  of  Argyle.  Laichtclouek, "  Ivercharroun, 
Scoll  Langrie,  Grunzeard,  etc.,  lying  in  the  Parish  of  Kincaidine,  pertaining 
to  him  as  part  of  his  benefice,  for  nineteen  years  from  the  feast  of  Lainmas, 
158O.  Paying  yearly  at  the  Chanoury  of  Ross,  seven  score  merks  yearly  for 
payment  to  the  minister  of  Kincaidine  of  his  stipend  assigned  to  him  furth  of 
the  thirds  of  the  benefice.     Dated  at  Elgin  penult  June,  1586.     [Seal  wanting.] 

14.  Charter  by  Alexander  Ross,  Laird  of  Balnagown,  as  ten  bernle  of  the 
lands  to  his  son  Nicholas  Ross  of  Pitcalnie,  in  fulfilment  of  his  part  of  a 

•  contract  of  marriage  entered  into  between  the  said  Alexander  Ross  and 
George  Ross  of  Balnagown,  and  the  said  Nicolas,  on  the  one  part,  and  Hugh 
Munro  of  Assin  as  taken  burden  for  his  daughter  Margaret  Munro,  relict 
of  the  late  Alexander  Ross  of  Litill  Terrall  on  the  other  part,  dated  at  Ark- 
boll, 23  January,  1587;  of  his  few  farm  lands  of  Pitcalnie,  Culderrerie,  Cul- 
naha,  Annett,  with  the  quarter  of  the  deuchy  of  Westy  Terbart.  Lands  of 
Amot.  Eglis,  Litill  Both,  two  Caindlochis,  two  Rinferquharis,  and  Caindwoch- 
treach.  To  be  held  from  the  granter  of  the  Bishop  of  Ross  for  payment  of 
the  several  Malls,  fens  grassums,  etc.  Reserving  the  life  rent  to  the  granter. 
Contains  a  precept  of  same,  and  is  dated  and  subscribed  at  Eister  Gany,  24 
January,  1587.     [Seal  nearly  entire.] 

15.  Letters  of  slains  by  John  Rollok,  burges  of  Dundee,  and  others,  to 
Geo.  Ross  of  Balnagowan,  for  the  slaughter  of  Patrick  Rollok  by  Nicholas 
Ross  of  Pitcalnie,  10  August.  1595. 

To  all  and  singular  quhome  in  offer  is  to  quhais  knowledge  this  present 
letters  sail  cum,  Johnne  Rollok,  burges  of  Dundey,  and  George  Rollok,  my 
brother,  brethingermane  to  one  qulule  Patrick  Rollokquha  was  serin  tutor  in 
nos  lyine  to  Sir  Thomas  Lyoun  of  Auld  Sar  Knicht,  master  of  Glammis, 
with  aduyse  consent  and  assent  of  the  richt  honourabill  Walter  Rollok  of 
Pitmeddee,  tutour  of  Duncreeb,  Peter,  Bishop  of  Dun  Relo,  William  Rollok 
of  Balbegy  and  Andrew  Rollock  of  Coistorne,  breithir  to  the  said  Walter, 
Umpleras  Rollok  at  the  mylne  of  Fyndany,  Robert  Rollok  of  Marstoun  and 
Robert  Rollok  of  Bakak.  the  chief  men  and  principallis  of  our  kin  on  the 
father  syde,  and  of  William  Schaw.  of  Lathangye  and  Harg  Balfoure  of 
Carprwie.  two  of  the  chief  men  and  principallis  of  our  kyn  on  the  mother 
syde,  greting  in  God  everlasting.  Wit  ze  ws,  or  dyney  and  sindriegreib 
Kowmes  of  money  presentlie  pay  it  and  dely  meritows,  realy  and  with  effect 
in  numerat  money,  be  ane  honorabill  man  George  Ross  of  Balnagowne.  and 
for  dyvers  otheris  greib  respectis  and  gude  considerationnes  moving  us.  whaif 
remit'tib  and  forgivne  and  be  the  tensione  heir  of  reintlas  and  for  gevis  hair- 
tlie  with  our  hairtis  to  Nicolas  Ross  of  Pitcalyne.  brother  to  the  said  George 
Ross  of  Balnagowne.  Walter  Ros,  William  sone,  Johnne  Ros,  Alices  Reoch 
and  Walter  McCulloch  and  all  other  thair  kyn;  freindis,  men  leuneutis,  ser- 
vancis  adherentis,  all  ya  assisteis  and  air  taken  all  offence  wiang,  cryme,  deid 

Ross  of  Pitcalnie.  127 

and  iniurie,  counth  be  thaune,  or  any  of  thame,  thereat  the  slaughter  of  the 
said  inequhide  Patrick  Rollok  our  brother  germane ;  and  als  all  feid  rank  our 

16.     For  as  meikle  as  upon  the  day  of  June,  Jm  Vie  seventy-six  years 

David  Ross,  Laird  of  Balnagowne  did  cut  with  his  whinger  the  head  of  his 
kinsman,  Walter  Ross,  bailie  of  Tayne,  in  the  house  of  James  Hay,  late 
bailzie  then,  upon  a  de  beat  fallen  out  betain  them ;  and  now  seeing  both  the 
said  parties  are  content  and  consent  that  the  said  act,  and  what  might  follow 
thereupon  may  be  rather  then  legally  amicably  and  Christianity  mediat  and 
composed ;  therefore  both  the  said  parties  do  unanimouslie  submit  the  de- 
cision and  accommodation  of  the  said  act  as  said  is  to  the  arbitrement  and 
determination  of  the  friends  underwreitin  mutually  chosen  and  nominal  be 
as  to  that  effect;  that  is  to  say,  Walter  Ross  of  Moeichanon,  Malcolme  Ross 
of  Kindease,  John  Ross  of  Achnacloigh.  Mr.  Androw  Ross,  Minister  at 
Tarbat ;  Mr.  Alexander  Ross,  Minister  at  Fearne ;  Alexander  Ross  of  Litle 
Tarrell,  James  Ross  of  Jye,  Alexander  Ross  of  Easter  Ferae,  John  Ross, 
Bailzie  of  Tayne;  William  Ross  Lachlinsone,  late  bailzie  there;  Robert  Ross 
of  Aldie,  and  Mr.  Robey  Ross,  Minister  at  Tayne ;  and  to  that  effect  we, 
the  said  parties.  David  Ross  of  Balnagown  as  chief  and  Walter  Ross  do 
hereby  impower  the  forsaid  freinds  to  appoint  and  propose  not  only  betwixt 
us,  but  lykewise  betwixt  me  the  said  Laird  of  Balnagowne  as  chiefe,  and  me 
the  said  Walter  Ross  as  kinsman  in  the  above.  Within  act  and  consequence 
thereof  and  all  other  our  kinsmen  in  tyme  causing  as  to  our  respective  car- 
riage and  behaviours  in  our  several  stationes.  To  which  final  sentence  and 
determination  of  the  above  writtin  friends  or  the  greater  part  of  them  to  be 
pronounced  betwixt  and  the  day  of  July  ie  seventie  six 

years  to  be  filled  up  upon  the  blank  upon  the  back  hereof,  we  the  said  Lairds 
of  Balnagowne  and  Walter  Ross  bind  and  obligers,  our  aires,  executors  and 
successors  faithfullee  to  adhere  to  and  performe  the  said  decerneing  and 
decreet  arbitrall  mall  point,  under  the  failzie  of  one  thousand  marks  usual 
Scots  money,  to  be  payed  be  the  partie  faileing  to  the  partie  willing  to  per- 
forme. And  for  the  more  securitie  we,  the  said  parties  consent  to  the  regis- 
tratione  hereof  in  the  Books  of  Council  or  Session  or  any  other  books  com- 
petent to  have  the  strength  of  a  decree  of  other  of  thes  judicatories  that 
letters  of  promeing  and  all  other  executoriallis  needfull  may  informe  as 
effeirs  pass  thereon ;  and  to  that  effect  constituts  our  procurators,  etc. 

In  witness  whereof  we  the  said  parties  have  subscribed  their  presents 
wreitin  be  the  said  Mr.  Robert  Ross,  with  our  hands  at  Tayne,  the  twentie 
day  of  Julie  Jm  Vie  seventie  sex  years,  before  their  witnesses  David  McCul- 
loch,  Andrew  Ross,  younger  merchant  of  Tayne,  Lachlan  Ross,  merchant 
there,  and  Thomas  Ross,  seratortome,  the  said  Laird  of  Balnagowne ;  Sic  sub- 
scribetur  David  Ross  of  Balnagowne  [etc.]. 

The  arbitrators  find  that  the  "  act  of  bloodine "  done  by  the  said 
Laird  of  Balnagowne  on  the  said  Walter  Ross  was  the  result  of  a  mistake 
and  groundless  jealousy,  and  that  having  regard  to  the  welfare  of  both  parties, 
they  cannot  excuse  the  said  act.  They  oblige  the  said  Laird  of  Balnagowne 
to  acknowledge  the  wrong  and  injury  done  by  him  to  the  said  Walter  Ross, 
and  to  be  more  friendly  for  the  future:  And  they  determine  that  if  any  of 
the  kinsmen  of  the  said  Laird  offend  or  injure  him  then  the  offender,  real 
or  supposed,  shall  be  convened  before  them,  and  the  matter  decided  "  by  the 
sober  advyce  and  counsell  of  us  the  said  friends :  "  And  further  they  resolve 
that  if  any  friend  be  found  to  have  done  real  injury  to  the  Laird  of  Balna- 
gowne, and  shall  not  subject  himself  to  the  regulation  of  the  said  Laird 
according  to  the  advice  of  the  said  friends,  then  they  shall  concur  with  the 
Laird  in  reducing  the  "  refractorie  "  person  to  order ;  "  and  in  case  he  con- 
tinue contumacious  that  he  be  declared  and  held  by  the  Laird  of  Balnagowne 
and  his  friends  as  a  stranger."   And  finally  "  if  it  shall  happen  (as  God  forbid) 

128  Ross  i  a  ii  a. 

that  contrary  to  the  above  wreitin  course  and  determinatione,  the  said  Laird 
of  Balnagowne  shall  injure  or  wrong  any  of  his  kinsmen  in  other  then  per- 
sones  or  interests  then  and  in  that  case  "  all  the  Lairds  of  Balnagowne's 
kinsmen  shall  concur  to  behave  themselves  as  accord  in  law  of  any  injunc 
•done  be  the  Laird  of  Balnagowne  to  any  of  them." 

And  further  it's  hereby  judged  and  determined  that  if  the  said  Laird  of 
Balnagowne  shall  not  be  advysed  be  his  friends,  as  said  is  (as  Lord  forbid) 

then  the  said  freinds  shall  withdraw  from  following  or  serveing  him 

as  kinsmen.  The  Decree  to  be  registered  in  the  Books  of  Council  and 
Session  or  other  books  competent,  21  July,  1576. 

17.  Letter  by  John,  Earl  of  Sutherland,  and  others  to  the  Laird  of  Findres- 
sie,  calling  a  meeting  at  Fores  about  the  innovations  of  the  Service  Book : 

Inverness.   16  April,   1638. 

Wery  honerabill. —  We  have  receivit  letters  from  the  rest  of  the  nobilitie 
daitit  at  Edinburgh  the  26  of  March,  desyring  us  to  meit  heir  at  Inverness 
on  the  25  of  this  moneth,  which  we  have  obeyth  to  the  effect  that  their  com- 
missioneris  might  informe  us  trewlie  of  their  proceedings  concerning  the 
novatione  of  the  Service  Book  and  others  abussis,  so  much  threating  the 
overthrow  of  religion,  laws  and  liberties  of  this  kingdome ;   On  we 

find  our  selffis  sufhcientlie  satisfiet,  and  they  have  done  nothing  in  all  their 
proceiding  is  hot  qukat  is  by  all.  to  the  glorie  of  God,  the  honour  of  our 
dreids  overagued  the  King,  our  minister  which  is  and  sal  be  warrand  it  be 
the  laws  of  the  Kingdome.  And  following  their  good  example  all  we  have 
communicat  the  same  with  the  whole  gentrie.  ministers  and  borrowis  of  the 
schyris  of  Caithnes.  Sutherland,  Inverness.  Cromertie.  We  have  find  all 
kynd  of  people  weill  satisfeit,  and  for  your  better  satisfactioune  we  have 
resolved  to  be  at  Forres  on  Saturday  in  be  aughthoms  the  28  of  this  instant, 
quhairze  will  be  pleased  to  meet  me.  and  to  receive  the  lyk  satisfactione,_  or 
giff  your  oppinionn  in  a  matter  so  neither  concemeing  us  all  so  expecting 
to  see  you  there  as  we  sal  ever  remayne. 

Your  Affectionat  good  friends.  Signed  by  John,  Earl  of  Sutherland,  Lords 
Lovat,  Reay  and  Sinclair,  and  the  Lairds  of  Balnagowan  and  Strichey. 

To  our  werie  honorable  and  lubfine  friend  anil  cussing  the  Laird  of 

18.  Archibald,  tenth  Karl  of  Argyll,  to  the  wife  of  Balnagowan: 

Edinburgh,  January   18th. 

Madame. —  This  goes  by  the  Lord  Lovertt,  who  1  have  done  my  best 
endowmens  to  serve,  in  prosecution  of  the  severall  recommendations  I  have 
had  from  Ballengown  chiefly,  and  from  bis  other  friends.  I  have  hitherto 
had  successe  in  what  I  attempted,  and  since  matters  are  come  so  good  a 
lenth,  it  were  sad  if  now  anie  thing  should  miscarry.  He  resolves  to  stand 
his  tryall  to  clear  himself  of  these  false  calumnies  laid  to  his  charge.  Non 
has  hitherto  appear'd  so  publickly  for  him  as  Ballengown,  so  that  both  for 
Lord  Lovatts  interest,  and  Ballengowns  own  honor,  in  my  humble  opinion  it 
is  highly  reasonable  Ballengown  comes  hither  with  him,  and  own  him  at  his 
tryall.  He*el  gain  no  new  enemies  by  it.  but  show  his  firmnesse  to  his 
friend  in  supporting  him  in  so  criticall  conjuncture.  This  I  offer  as  my 
opinion,  and  must  entreat  of  you  to  advyse  him  the  same.  I  am.  Madame, 
Your  most  affecttionatte  nephew,  and  humble  servant. 


19.  Duncan  Forbes  of  Culloden,  to  Alexander  Ross  of  Pitcalny : 

Culloden,  25  Oct.,  1745. 
Dear  Sir. —  I  never  was  more  astonished,  and  but  seldom  more  aflicted  in 
my  life,  than  I  was  when  I  heard  of  the  madness  of  your  son.     I  cannot  con- 
ceive by   what   magick  he  has  been   prevailed  on   to   forfeit   utterly  his  own 

Ross  of  Pitcalnie.  129 

honour ;  in  a  signall  manner  to  affront  &  dishonour  me  whom  you  made 
answerable  for  him ;  to  risk  a  halter  which,  if  he  do  not  succeed  must  be  his 
doom,  without  any  other  tryall  than  that  of  a  court  marshal,  &  to  break  the 
heart  of  an  indulgent  father  as  you  are,  which  I  am  persuaded  must  be 
the  case,  unless  he  is  reclaimed.  The  villain  who  seduced  him  profiting  of 
his  tender  years  &  want  of  experience,  tho  I  hope  I  am  a  Christian,  I  never 
will  forgive,  tho  him  I  will,  if  he  return  quickly  to  his  duty  without  com- 
mitting further  folly.  But  if,  trusting  to  indulgence  on  account  of  our  rela- 
tion, he  presists  in  the  course  in  which  I  am  told  he  is  at  present  engaged, 
I  think  it  but  fair  to  declare  to  you,  in  the  most  solemn  manner,  that  the 
very  relation  and  connection  to  which  he  may  trust  will  determine  me  to 
pursue  him.  with  the  utmost  rigour,  to  that  end  which  his  conduct  will  most 
undoubtedly  deserve.  And,  when  I  have  said  this,  I  can  take  God  to  wit- 
ness that  he  is  the  only  person  concerned  in  the  present  unhappy  commotion, 
lor  whom  my  heart  would  not  lead  me  to  be  a  solicitor,  when  things  have 
that  issue,  which  I  believe  they  will  soon  have.  In  justice  and  friendship 
to  you,  and  in  hopes  that  he  may  repent  before  it  is  too  late,  I  give  you  the 
trouble  of  this  letter,  and  have  desired  your  friend  Air.  Baily  to  deliver  to 
you,  not  doubting  that  to  save  your  son  and  to  prevent  my  dishonour,  you 
will  do  all  that  is  in  your  power. 

I  am,  dear  Sir,  under  great  concern,  your  most  obedient  and  most  humble 

Dun  Forbes. 

(Address)  To  Alexander  Ross  of  Pitcalny,  Esqr. 

20.     The  same  to  the  same  : 

Culloden,  7th  November,  1745. 

Dear  Sir. —  I  need  not  tell  you  what  concern  Malcolm's  folly  has  given 
me.  I  sent  him  repeated  messages  to  come  and  see  me,  which  produced 
no  other  effect  but  a  letter  from  him  promising  to  do  so,  if  I  would  give 
it  him  under  my  hand  that  he  should  be  at  liberty  to  return  to  Perth,  whether 
he  was  by  his  parole  of  honour  bound  to  return.  I  without  lossing  an 
moment,  wrote  him  that  effect  a  letter  in  the  strongest  terms  last  Monday, 
which  was  that  day  delivered  to  him,  but  to  no  purpose.  Either  his  own 
apprehension  or  evill  councillors  have  got  the  better  of  him ;  and  I  confess 
my  concern  for  him  is  very  great.  The  only  thing,  however,  like  an  ouvert 
act  he  has  done,  is  the  dispersing  the  men  that  were  assembled  in  order  to 
form  the  Independent  Company.  Xow  if  none  of  thise  should  actually 
follow  him,  I  should  hope  that  discouragement  will  be  so  great  that  he  will 
choice  not  to  venture  further  than  he  has  done,  but  rather  return  to  where 
he  was  confined  than  to  make  such  a  figure  as  in  that  case  he  must  make 
should  he  follow  the  opinion  of  his  present  advisers.  It  is  for  this  reason, 
dear  Sir,  that  I  give  you  the  trouble  of  this  line  to  entreat  that  you  will 
lend  your  assistance  to  the  other  gentlemen  of  the  name  to  whom  I  have 
wrote,  not  only  to  prevent  the  debauching  any  of  the  men,  but  also  to  prevail 
with  them  to  form  the  Independent  company  now  forming,  that  all  the  world 
may  see  that  the  unhappy  youth's  folly  had  no  encouragement  from  you.  I 
need  to  make  use  of  little  argument  with  vou  to  enforce  an  advice  so  agree- 
able to  what  I  daresay  are  your  own  inclinations,  nor  need  I  spend  time  in 
assuring  you  that  I  am  with  great  simpathy  as  well  as  sincerity 

Your  most  obedient  and  most  humble  servant. 

Dun  Forbes. 

To  Alex.  Ross  of  Pitcalney,  Esqr.,  at  Arboll. 

The  other  papers  and  correspondence  on  the  Pitcalnie  collection  .do  not 
require  special  notice,  as  not  coming  within  the  scope  of  the  commission. 

William  Fraser. 
Edinburgh,  32,  Castle  Street,  4  September,  1876. 


GENERAL  MEREDITH  READ,  being  a  direct  descendant  of  David 
Ross  of  Balblair,  and,  through  him,  of  the  houses  of  Balmachy, 
Shandwick  and  Balnagown,  and  of  the  ancient  Earls  of  Ross  in 
Scotland,  naturally  took  a  deep  interest  in  the  history  and  descent  of  this 
illustrious  family,  and  gave  much  time  and  care  to  making  researches  among 
the  ancient  charters  and  documents  still  in  existence  bearing  on  the  Ross 

In  answer  to  an  inquiry  sent  to  R.  R.  Stodart,  Esq.,  of  the  Lyon  Office, 
Edinburgh,  General  Read  received  the  following  letter,  under  date  of  August 
—    1872: 

"  There  is  no  published  history  of  the  family  of  Ross,  of  the  County  of 
Ross,  or  of  the  Parish  of  Fearn.  The  Registers  of  that  Parish  only  begin 
in  1749  for  baptisms  and  in  1783  for  marriages,  so  that  the  baptism  of  the 
Rev.  George  Ross  is  not  to  be  found  there.  The  lands  of  Balblair  of  old 
belonged  to  the  Abbey  of  Fern,  founded  in  the  thirteenth  century  by  Ferqu- 
hard,  Earl  of  Ross,  head  of  one  of  the  most  powerful  houses  in  Scotland 
which  ended  in  the  direct  male  line  on  the  death  of  William,  seventh  earl, 
about  the  year  1375  when  the  earldom  passed  to  females  and  was  finally 
annexed  to  the  Crown. 

"  Many  of  the  younger  branches  of  this  family  continued  to  hold  lands 
within  the  County  of  Ross.  The  chief  of  these  was  Ross  of  Balnagown,  the 
heir  male  of  the  earls.  The  Balnagown  estate  passed  by  sale,  upwards  of  a 
century  ago,  into  the  possession  of  a  family  of  the  same  name,  but  belonging 
to  a  different  race  and  carrying  dissimilar  arms,  and  is  now  the  property  of 
Sir  Charles  Ross,  Baronet.1 

"  Mr.  Ross,  of  Pitcalnie,  is  the  representative  and  heir  male  of  the  ancient 
Earls  of  Ross. 

"  The  arms  of  the  Earls  were  three  lions  rampant  as  in  the  arms  of  Ross 
of  your  house,  but  the  colours  were  reversed,  namely  the  lions  were  or  and 
the  field  gules.2  ( In  Scotland  the  reversal  of  tinctures  was  the  sign  of  a 
cadet  house.) 

"  The  motto,  '  Nobilis  est  ira  leonis/  appears  in  the  Lyon  Register  as 
allowed  in  1767  to  David  Ross,  of  Priest  Hill,  descended  from  Balnagowan. 
It  is  also  borne  now  by  Ross  of  Invercharron,  who  claims  the  same  origin, 
but  his  right  to  arms  has  not  been  established  here.3 

"  The  family  of  Ross  maintained  a  close  connection  with  the  Abbey, 
founded  by  Earl  Ferquhard.  1  nd  several  of  the  Abbots  were  of  that  surname. 
In  the  reformation  the  commandatorship  was  held  by  three  generations  in 
succession:  Nicholas  Ross,  1561  to  1566,  died  in  1569;  Thomas  Ross,  1566  to 
1569,  and  Walter  Ross,  whose  appointment  was  in  1584.  The  Abbey  lands 
feued  out  and  alienated,  and  I  find  that  in  1550  Balblair  was  granted  to 
Ross  of  Balnagown. 

lThis  family,   however,   gave   up   their  arms   and   assumed  those   of    Balnagown. 

"I  am  sorry  to  say  that  the  learned  gentleman  is  wrong.  The  arms  of  the  Earls  of 
Ross  never  bore  a'  gold  lion.  Gold  lions  appear  on  an  ancient  stone  carving  at  Balna- 
gown, but  this  painting  is  a  recent  ornamentation. 

3This  fact  does  not  invalidate  his  claims;  for  in  Scotland  many  of  the  most  ancient 
houses  are  not  registered  in  the  Lyon  Office,  which  was  only  instituted  in  1673,  and  their 
descent  and  standing  being  clear  they  deem  it  unnecessary  to  pay  the  fees. 

Ross  of  Balblair.  131 

"  David  Ross,  of  Balblair,  was  dead  before  the  14th  of  January,  1710,  the 
date  of  the  general  service  of  his  son,  Andrew  of  Balblair,  to  him.  These 
are,  of  course,  the  father  and  brother  of  the  Rev.  George  Ross." 

On  September  6,  1872,  Mr.  Stodart  wrote  General  Read  as  follows : 

"  The  marriage  Registers  of  Ross  were  burnt  early  in  this  century  at 
Tain,  and  no  record  of  Wills  prior  to  this  exists.  I  may  state  that  there  is  a 
mass  of  papers,  some  of  the  Wills,  in  a  very  damp,  decayed  state  in  a  belfry 
of  the  Tower  Hall  of  Tain,  quite  unarranged.  The  expense  of  going  over 
these  would  be  very  great  as  a  person  would  have  to  be  sent  from  here. 
I  hear,  however,  that  there  is  some  prospect  of  these  documents  being  brought 
to  this  Register  House  and  put  in  order ;  but  this  may  be  a  work  of  years. 
The  records  of  the  burgh  of  Tain  only  extend  back  to  1824. 

"  Balblair  was  sold  to  William  Ross,  of  Shandwick,  writer  in  Edinburgh, 
who  died  in   1739,  but  socine  is  not  recorded." 

A  few  days  later  (September  11,  1872)  Mr.  Stodart  again  wrote  General 
Read,  an  extract  from  which  letter  follows  : 

"  I  am  very  glad  to  hear  that  you  propose  visiting  Tain  and  making  personal 
investigation  among  the  mouldering  records  there.  I  presume  that  you  will 
pass  through  Edinburgh  on  your  way  and  trust  that  I  may  have  the  pleasure 
of  seeing  you  here.  I  do  not  see  that  there  is  anything  more  to  be  done, —  the 
records  being  in  such  a  very  imperfect  state, —  unless  you  are  inclined  to 
incur  the  expense  of  a  thorough  search  in  the  register  of  deeds,  the  cost  of 
which  might  perhaps  be  thirty  pounds.  It  contains  contracts  of  marriage, 
bonds  for  money,  disposition  of  lands  and  so  forth  and  various  other  legal 
documents-  The  Register  is  very  voluminous  and  not  indexed  alphabetically. 
The  searcher  whom  I  employed  on  your  behalf  is  at  present  employed  on  an 
extensive  investigation  in  connection  with  the  family  of  Ross  of  Shandwick, 
and  I  hope  to  hear  from  him  when  and  for  what  price  Balblair  was  sold." 

Much  interesting  information  concerning  Balblair  was  contained  in  a 
communication  from  Mr.  Stodart  to  General  Read,  dated  January  3,  1873, 
as  follows : 

"On  the  nth  of  March,  1709,  David  Ross  of  Balblair  disponed  the  Mansion 
House  and  the  Wester  half  of  the  property  in  life  rent  to  his  wife  Margaret. 
He  was  dead  21  February,  1710,  when  his  widow  had  sosine  of  the  lands. 
David  Ross  on  the  8th  March,  1707,  had  disponed  Balblair,  reserving  a  life 
rent  to  himself  and  his  wife,  to  his  grandson  Andrew  (son  of  his  own  eldest 
son  Andrew),  and  the  heirs  male  of  his  body  whom  failing  to  the  other 
heirs  male  of  Andrew,  whom  failing  to  the  Rev.  George  Ross  and  the  heirs 
male  of  his  body,  whom  failing  to  Hugh  Ross  third  lawful  son  of  the  said 
David  and  the  heirs  male  of  his  body. 

'After  David's  death  his  eldest  son  Andrew  had  sosine  of  the  land  of  Ballon 
in  the  County  of  Ross  as  heir  to  his  father.  Balblair  was  sold  before  1732, 
probably  after  the  death  of  Andrew  junior  to  whom  it  had  been  conveyed 
by  his  grandfather  David.  Andrew  was  living  on  the  31st  July.  1728,  and 
died  2nd  June,  1730,  when  his  Aunt  Bessie,  second  lawful  daughter  of  David 
Ross  of  Balblair,  and  her  husband  were  confirmed  executors  dative  as  next 
of  kin.  I  have  obtained  a  note  from  a  letter  dated  31st  March,  1764, 
addressed  by  Dr.  Gordon  to  John  Ross,  Esquire,  Counsellor  at  Law  of 
Philadelphia,  in  which  he  says  he  had  applied  to  David  Monro,  Writer  to  the 
Signet,  grandson  of  David  Ross  of  Balblair,  for  information,  and  Mr.  Monro 
believed  his  grandfather  to  be  descended  from  Shandwick  or  Little  Tarrell." 

In    a    later    communication,    dated    January    30,    1873.    Mr.    Stodart    says : 

"  1    have  not   seen  a  copy  of  the   Chronicle   of  the   Earls   of  Ross,   which   is 
out  of  print  and  only  to  be  met  with  at  sales.     There  is  no  printed  list  of 

ijj  Rossiana. 

graduates  of  the  University  of  Edinburgh   at  an  early  period;   the   calendar 
is  quite  a  modern  annual  publication.     Little  Tarrell  is  in  Ross-shire." 

General  Meredith  Read  having  met.  at  the  Congress  of  the  Archaeological 
Institute  of  Great  Britain  at  Exeter  in  August,  1873.  the  well-known  antiquary 
and  book  collector,  John  Whitefoord  MacKenzie,  of  16  Royal  Circus,  Edin- 
burgh, addressed  a  letter,  dated  August  17,  to  this  gentleman,  in  which  he 
said : 

"  In  1700  one  of  my  ancestors,  the  Rev.  George  Ross,  son  of  David  Ross, 
Esquire,  of  Balblair,  graduated  at  the  University  of  Edinburgh  and  passed 
through  the  Divinity  School.  He  went  over  to  the  Church  of  England,  and, 
having  been  ordained  by  the  Bishop  of  London,  emigrated  to  the  Province  of 
Delaware  where  he  became  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Established  Church  in 
America.  He  died  Rector  of  Emmanuel  Church,  New  Castle.  Delaware,  in 
1754,  in  the  seventy-fifth  year  of  his  age.  His  eldest  son,  the  Hon.  John 
Ross,  was  an  eminent  lawyer  and  Royal  Attorney  General.  His  second  son 
was  a  distinguished  Judge  and  became  one  of  the  signers  of  the  Declaration 
of  Independence.  His  daughter  Gertrude  married  my  great  grandfather,  the 
Hon.  George  Read.  Royal  Attorney  General,  afterwards  Chief  Justice  and 
one  of  the  six  Signers  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence  who  were  also 
Signers  and  Framers  of  the  Constitution  of  the  LJnited  States.  The  third 
Mm.  the  Rev.  Aeneas  Ross,  was  a  distinguished  clergyman  who  was  ordained 
by  the  Bishop  of  L  »ndon.  Aeneas  Ross  was  named  after  his  father's  dear 
friend,  the  Rev.  Aeneas  McKenzie,  Chaplain  to  the  Earl  of  Cromarty,  Secre- 
tarj  of  State  for  Scotland,  who  emigrated  to  Staten  Island  at  the  same  time 
as  the  Rev.  George  Ros>.  Senr.,  went  to  America. 

Mr.  MacKenzie.  on  his  return  home  from  Exeter,  received  the  letter  of 
General  Read,  and  answered  it  as  follows,  under  date  of  September  22,  1873: 

"  When  I  had  the  pleasure  of  seeing  you  at  Exeter,  I  understood  you  to 
say  that  your  ancestor  was  a  son  of  Ross  of  Little  Tarrell;  but  in  your 
letter  you  said  that  he  was  a  son  of  Ross  of  Balblair.  The  last  Ross  of 
Little  Tarrell  was  an  intimate  friend  of  my  father  and  of  myself  after  I  came 
to  college.  Me  was  also  proprietor  of  the  estates  of  Kerse  and  Skeldon  in 
Ayrshire  all  of  which  had  been  sold  before  I  knew  him.  1  have  always  under- 
stood  that  his  father  had  been  a  merchant  in  London  and  had  purchased 
Kerse  and  Skeldon,  the  former  of  which  had  long  been  possessed  by  an  old 
family  of  the  name  of  Crauford,  and  the  latter  by  a  branch  of  the  Campbells 
of  which  name  there  are  many  proprietors  in  Ayrshire.  I  recollect  that  he 
was  possessed  of  a  splendid  dinner  set  of  old  Indian  China,  having  blasoned 
upon  it  the  arms  of  the  old  Earls  of  Ross,  namely.  Gules,  three  lions  ram- 
pant, argent,  two  and  one.  without  any  difference.  There  are  no  arms 
matriculated  for  Little  Tarrell.  or  for  Balblair  in  the  Lyon  Register.  The 
only  families  of  the  name  registered  up  to  the  time  your  ancestor  left  this 
country  were  Balnagowan,  Moran.  Knockbreck,  Pickerrie  and  Kindace. 

"  Mr.  Ross  left  several  sons,  who  are  all  dead,  except  one,  Alexander,  who 
has  lived  at  Dresden  for  many  years.  He  comes  sometimes  to  this  country 
and  always  comes  to  see  me.  Prior  to  1577  Little  Tarrell  belonged  to 
McCullo  or  McCulloch.  as  in  that  year  Margaret  was  served  heir  to  her 
father  John. 

"  There  is  a  John  Ross  of  Little  Tarrell  in  1581,  who  must  have  died  prior 
to  the  31st  July,  1596,  as  on  that  day  Marjory  and  Isabella,  daughters  of 
Alexander  Ross  of  Little  Tarrell.  are  served  heirs  portioners  to  Alexander 
their  father,  who  was  probably  John's  son.  Mickell  Tarrell.  prior  to  1627, 
was  the  property  of  Sir  Roderick  Mackenzie  of  the  Coegache,  and  is  now 
the  property  of  his  representative,  the  Duchess  of  Sutherland,  Countess  of 
Cromartie.  I  think  that  I  mentioned  to  you  that  the  Rosses,  particularly  of 
Balnagowan  or  Rarichies  are  called  Clanlanders  or  Clanlandric.  This  is 
accounted    for    in    'Ane    Brieffe    Discourse  '    of    the    family    in    these    words, 

Ross  of  Balblair.  133 

'While  Cluganach  (about  1394)  Gulia  had  to  his  Wyffe  Paull  McTyres 
Dochter  call  it  Katherene,  quhairby  the  Ross  are  call  it  Clanlanders.'  Should 
I  be  able  to  learn  anything  further  of  the  Rosses  of  Little  Tarrell  and  Bal- 
blair, I  shall  inflict  another  long  letter  on  you." 

Memoranda  by  General  Meredith  Read. 
The  following  notes  concerning  the  Ross  family  and  the  Abbacy  of  Fearn 
were  made  by  General  Meredith  Read  in  the  library  of  the  Marquess  of  Bute, 
at  Mount  Stuart,  Rothesay,  Isle  of  Bute,  September  7,  1877,  and  are  from 
"  Origines  Parochiaies  Scotiae "  ("The  Antiquities,  Ecclesiatical  and 
Territorial,  of  the  Parishes  of  Scotland"),  volume  two,  Edinburgh,  1855, 
published  by  the  Bannatyne  Club,  and  contributed  by  the  Duke  of  Sutherland 
and  the  Right  Hon.   Sir  David  Dundas: 

Between  the  years  1561  and  1566  we  have  the  following  rental  of  the 
Abbey  given  by  Nicholas  Ros  (Ross)  as  commandator  of  Feme  to  the 
Collector  of  Thirds  — "  First,  the  landis  contennit  in  the  laird  of  Bal- 
langownis  feu  chartour,  Invercarroun,  Vestir  Ferine,  Downy,  Westray,  Mul- 
darg,  Knockydaff,  Myltoun,  Balanock,  Midilgany.  Pitkery,  the  Manes  of 
Fearine,  Eister  Gany,  Wastir  Gany.  Meikill  Rany,  Baillieblair  (Balblair)  the 
Dow  Croft,  Brighous,  Mylecroft,   and  Weitland  and  the  fishing  of  Bonach ; 

*  *     *     p.  437  of  this  book. 

*  *  *  In  1570  King  James  VI,  for  the  good  service  done  by  Alexander 
Suthirland  during  the  regency  of  James  Earl  of  Murray  and  subsequently, 
granted  to  him  for  life  a  yearly  pension  of  80  bolls  of  victual  out  of  two 
thirds  of  the  bishoprick  of  Ross,  then  vacant  by  the  forfeiture  of  John  bishop 
of  Ross  for  treason  and  lese  majesty;  and  as  security  he  granted  to  him  the 
tenual  victual  of  the  lands  of  Eister  Gany,  Midgany,  Westir  Gany  Balleblair 
and  Mekill  Gany  in  the  parish  of  Tarbet.  *  *  *  Pages  438-439.  *  *  * 
In  1606  James  Gordoune  of  Letterfurie  was  served  heir  to  his  father  Patrick 
Gordoune  of  Letterfurie  in  the  manor  of  Feme  the  lands  of  *  *  *  Bal- 
blair *  *  *  page  440.  *  *  *  In  1643  Sir  James  Sinclair  of  Cannesbye, 
Baronet,  was  served  heir  male  to  his  grandfather  George  Sinclair  of  May  in 
half  the  manor  of  Feme  of  old  called  the  Monastery  of  Feme,  the  lands  and 
town  of  Eistir  Gany  and  called  Mid  Ganye     *     *     *     the  lands  of  Belblaire 

*  *  *  all  in  the  baronye  of  Ganyes  and  Shereiffdom  of  Inverness,  and 
united  into  the  barony  of  Cadball  *  *  *  p.  440.  In  the  Abbey  Church  of 
Fearn  there  is  a  stone  effigy  of  Ferquhard,  Earl  of  Ross,  page  441. 

For  an  account  of  the  arms  and  clan  of  Ross,  see  Hist,  of  the  Scottish 
Highlands,  Highland  Clans  and  Highland  Regiments,  edited  by  John  S. 
Keltie,  F.  S.  A.  Scot,  published  by  A.  Fullerton  and  Co.,  Edinburgh  and 
London,  1875,  Vol.  II,  pp.  235-237. 


THE  family  of  Monro  (or  Munro)  of  Allan  were  in  early  times  vassals 
of  the  Earls  of  Ross,  and  their  lands  lay  along  the  north  shore  of  the 
Cromartie  Firth.  Their  possession  of  Foulis  Castle  has  been  ascribed 
to  a  period  beyond  written  record.  They  are  chiefs  of  the  Clan  Monro. 
Robert  Monro,  who  succeeded  his  father  of  the  same  name  but  fell  at  Pinkie  in 
1747,  married  first  a  daughter  of  James  Ogilvy  and  had  two  sons,  Robert  and 
Hector.  He  married,  secondly,  Katherine.  daughter  of  Alexander  Ross,  by 
whom  he  had  George  Obsdale,  ancestor  of  the  third  and  succeeding  baronet; 
the  Fourth,  John  of  Daan ;  the  Fifth,  Andrew  of  Daan. 

Daan  House  is  situated  in  Edderton  Parish  on  the  borders  of  the  burn 
called  Daan.  in  Ross-shire.  The  latter  is  formed  by  two  head  streams  and 
running  2%  miles  N.  N.  E.,  reaches  the  North  Dornach  Firth  at  Ardmore 
Point,  1  34  miles  West  by  North  Mickle  Ferry.  Daan  House  is  about 
one  mile  from  the  old  mansion  of  Balblair.  the  ancient  residence  of  the 
Rosses  of  Balblair,  which  has  long  since  disappeared. 

Tbe  Monro  arms  are:  Or,  an  eagle,  head  erased  gu.  Crest  —  An  eagle 
perching  proper.  Motto — Dread  God.  Tbe  seat  of  .Monro  of  Allan  is  Allan 
House,  Tain,  Co.  Ross. 

The  descent  of  the  family  from  Hugh  Monro,  thirteenth  Baron  of  Foulis, 
to  David  .Monro,  of  Allan,  who  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  David  Ross, 
of  Balblair,  is  as  follows: 

Hugh  Monro,  13th  Baron  of  Foulis.  in  1425.  married,  first  a  daughter  of 
Keith,  Earl  Marischal.  which  lady  died  in  giving  birth  to  her  first 
son.     He    married,   second,    the   Lady    Margaret    Sutherland,    daughter 

of  Nicholas,  Earl  of  Sutherland,  and  had  by  her  one  son 

John    Monro,   ancestor   of  the    Monros,   Lairds   of   Milntown,   Co.    Ross. 

His  grandson 

Andrew  Monro,  of  Milntown,  acquired  large  possessions  by  his  wife, 

married  in  151 1.     He  was  succeeded  in  the  estate  of  Milntown 

by  bis  eldest  son,  George   Monro,  and  gave  the  lands  of  Allan 

and  Allanmore  to  his  second  son,  William  Monro. 

William     Monro,    of    Allan,    Esq..    born     1535.    married    Catherine, 

daughter  of  Brigadier  Shaw.     Their  son 

Andrew  Monro,  of  Allan.  Esq.,  born   1560,  married  Mary  Ross. 

Their    son 

David    Monro,   ot    Allan,   Esq..   born    in    1600,    was   married, 

and  his  son 

David  Monro,  of  Allan,  born  in  1640,  was  captain  in 
Earl  of  Rothes'  Horse;  fell  at  the  battle  of  the 
Bovne.  He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Sir  John 
Davis,    of    Whitehall,    Carrickfergus,    and    grand- 

Monro  of  Allan.  135 

daughter  of  Sir  John  Davis,  Attorney-General  of 

Ireland.     Their  son 

David  Monro,  of  Allan,  Esq.,  was  the  ancestor  of 
the  present  David  Monro,  Esq.,  of  Allan,  Co. 
Ross.  J.  P.  and  D.  L.  for  Cos.  Ross  and  Cro- 
marty. (Burke,  Landed  Gentry.)  He  mar- 
ried Elizabeth  Ross,  daughter  of  David  Ross, 
of  Balblair,  and  his  wife,  Margaret. 


In  the  early  part  of  May,  1888,  in  the  course  of  his  researches,  General 
Meredith  Read  discovered  that  Monro  of  Allan,  Ross-shire,  was,  like  himself, 
a  descendant  of  David  Ross  of  Balblair  and  Balloun.  He  accordingly 
addressed  a  letter  to  David  Monro,  Esq.,  of  Allan,  County  Ross,  J.  P.  and 
D.  L.  for  the  counties  of  Ross  and  Cromarty,  formerly  in  the  Seventy-sixth 
Regiment,  and   received  the  following  reply : 

Allan  By  Tain,  Ross-shire.    N.  B. 
igth  May,  1888. 

Dear  General  Read. —  I  am  in  receipt  of  your  friendly  letter.  I  am 
proud  to  think  that  we  are  related.  I  am  no  genealogist,  but  my  daughter 
is  very  strong  in  that  line,  and  she  will  write  to  you  about  Ross  of  Balblair 
and  Monro  of  Allan. 

Should  anything  bring  you  to   Scotland  we  will  be  delighted  to  see  you 
and  most  cordially  welcome  you  here. 
I  remain,  Dear  General  Read, 

Yours  very  truly, 

D.  Monro. 

This  was  followed  by  a  letter  from  Miss  Leila  Monro,  dated  19th  May, 
1888,  as  follows: 

Dear  General  Read.—  I  have  great  pleasure  in  giving  you  all  the  infor- 
mation I  can  regarding  our  mutual  ancestor.  Unlike  my  father,  I  am 
very  fond  of  genealogies  and  antiquities,  and  have  often  puzzled  myself 
over  the  total  disappearance  of  the  Rosses  of  Balblair.  We  see  in  Burke 
your  most  distinguished  career  fully  described  and  we  did  not  know  that 
the  Rosses  had  any  descendant  of  such  talent  and  energy.  I  regret  to  say 
that  I  have  nothing  belonging  to  the  family  save  one  old  book  of  1696 
and  a  family  dictionary  well  bound  and  full  of  wonderful  prescriptions  and 
so  forth, —  David  Ross's  name  being  well-written  on  its  strong  boards.  The 
marriage  contract  between  David  Monro  and  Elizabeth  Ross  is  also  in  my 
father's  strong  box.  Many  slips  of  Monro  parchments  and  papers  of  very 
early  date,  but  no  Ross  documents  save  this  contract.  I  have  never  heard 
of  any  portraits  of  these  Rosses  and  the  estate  has  been  sold  and  bought 
over  and  over  again,  divided  and  so  forth.  One-half  is  now  a  shooting  and 
the  other  half  is  a  large  farm  and  huge  Whiskey  distillery.  The  nicest  part, — 
the  shooting  —  belonged  to  an  English  manufacturer.  Almost  every  branch 
of  the  Ross  family  is  extinct  and  their  estates  are  merged  in  the  great 
Balnagowan  estate  which  once  belonged  to  our  barons  of  Balnagowan. 
The  last  Ross,  Baron  David,  died  childless  in  1714,  and  hating  his  next 
heir,  Ross  of  Pitcalnie,  he  sold  the  great  Balnagowan  estate  to  a  Lowland 
Lord,  no  relation  of  his,  but  a  great  friend,  called  Lord  Ross  of  Hawk-head 
in  Renfrewshire,  now  represented  in  the  female  line  by  Lord  Glasgow.  This 
Lord   Ross   left   Balnagowan  to   his  sec?nd   son   John   Ross,   who   married  a 

136  Rosstand. 

daughter  of  Count  Lockhart  of  Leslie.  They  had  one  David  who  became 
heir  of  Balnagowan  and  married  another  Lockhart  of  the  same  family, 
but  her  husband  assumed  his  wife's  name  of  Ross.  These  people  are  the 
immediate  ancestors  of  the  present  baronet  of  Balnagowan,  and,  though  of 
extremely  ancient  and  distinguished  ancestors,  have  no  descent  from  the 
Highland  Ross  of  Balnagowan  which  is  quite  extinct  in  the  male  line,  as 
all  the  Ross  families  are.  Ross  of  Pitcalnie.  the  first  cadet  branch,  was 
always  acknowledged  as  Chief  of  the  Clan,  though  Pitcalnie  was  a  very 
small  estate  and  much  in  debt.  The  last  laird  died  four  years  ago,  childless, 
so,  having  no  brother  or  nephew  in  the  male  line,  this  little  property  of 
ten  thousand  acres  has  gone  to  the  grand-on  of  his  sister,  a  boy  called 
Williamson.  My  father  has  a  very  good  oil  painting  of  David  Monro,  the 
son  of  Elizabeth  Ross.  He  was  a  distinguished  Edinburgh  lawyer  and  died 
in  1767  when  he  was  succeeded  by  my  grandfather  Charles  Monro,  then 
a  boy,  who  lived  to  be  a  great  age,  my  father  being  in  his  eightieth  year,  so 
from  the  longevity  in  the  family  a  few  lives  carry  us  far  back.  My  father 
has  masses  of  Monro  parchments  and  an  extraordinary  genealogie  of  Monro 
and  of  the  old  branch,  beginning  witli  the  date  1025  and  going  on  lineally 
and  distinctly  to  David  Monro  and  Elizabeth  Ross  when  it  closes.  It  is 
very  old  and  very  large  and  most  curious.  About  nine  years  ago  old  Allan 
House  was  burnt  to  the  ground,  but  all  the  valuables  were  secured  with  the 
old  china  and  so  forth.  I  hope  you  will  excuse  any  mistakes  in  writing. 
I  am, 

\  1  mrs  truly, 

Leila  Monro. 

On  the  eighth  July  following  Miss  Monro  again  wrote  to  General  Mere- 
dith Read  as  follows : 

Dear  General  Read. —  I  have  been  absent  for  a  little  visit  at  Coul,  a 
lovely  place  of  Wester  Ross,  and  have  lately  returned  finding  your  most 
interesting  letters.  Curiouslv  enough,  when  you  visited  Scotland  in  '~J 
my  father's  old  house  of  Allan  was  burnt  on  the  8th  June.  I  was  in  London 
at"  the  time,  my  mother  in  Ayrshire  and  my  father  had  just  returned  in 
time  to  find  his  house  all  burning  after  having  had  it  painted  and  done  up 
for  the  rest  of  his  days.  Being  uninsured,  or  very  triflingly  insured,  it  has 
been  a  most  seriou>  misfortune,  &  all  the  furniture  was  burnt  with  the 
exception  of  some  old  cabinets  and  pictures  on  the  first  floor,  which  were 
got  out  before  the  fire  approached  and  all  the  parchments  and  papers  wh 
were  in  tin  boxes  were  all  saved,  but  very  tine  and  curious  old  china  was 
lost;  some  of  great  value  and  five  good  pictures,  ornamental  not  family  ones. 

The  Duchess  of  Sutherland  is  one  of  our  oldest  and  best  friends.  Her 
father's  place  wh  she  now  inhabits  is  5  miles  only  from  here  —  called  Tarbet. 
We  have  often  been  to  Dunrobin  in  their  old  gay  days.  They  are  now  very 
quiet  in  comparison.  Tarbet  was  once  called  Milntown  and  belonged  to 
my  father's  own  ancestors  Monros  of  Milntown  and  New  More  with  a 
dozen  other  places.  These  Monros  were  hereditary  sheriffs  or  maors  of 
Ross  from  1425  until  1646  when  the  old  castle  of  Milntown  was  burnt  to  the 
ground  and  all  in  it  —  from  lighting  fires  when  the  chimneys  were  full  of 
jackdaws  nests  made  of  dry  sticks  and  straws.  In  those  days  there  \vere  no 
means  of  arresting  a  conflagration  and  then  these  Monros  were  ruined  and 
sold  Milntown  to  the  first  Viscount  Tarhat  who  directly  changed  the  name 
to  his  own  title.  He  was  the  ancestor  of  the  present  Duchess  of  Sutherland 
and  her  son  bears  the  title  of  Viscount  Tarbat.  She  is  Countess  of  Cro- 
martie.  We  had  only  this  place  left  —  Allan  —  and  here  we  have  been 
ever  since  then  and  have  not  risen  to  our  old  standing  of  great  barons. 
Fire  pursues  the  name.  Our  chief's  Castle  of  Foulis  has  been  burnt  3 
times  and  the  war  cry  of  our  clan  is  "  Castle  Foulis  on  fire."  I  cannot  spell 
the  Gaelic  (translated)  which  was  used  in  war  to  gather  the  forces  together. 
You  give  me  all  the  information  I  ever  had  of  the  extinct  Rosses  of  Balblair. 
All  I  ever  knew  was  that  David  Monro's  mother  was  Elizabeth  Ross, 
daughter  of  David  Ross  of  Balblair  and  his  name  in  that  old  book.     I  have 

Monro  of  Allan  and  Ross  of  Balblair.  137 

never  heard  any  one  speak  of  them.  When  land  is  lost  a  family  is  soon 
forgotten.  David  Ross's  signature  though  well  written  is  so  faint  in  that 
old  faded  ink  that  it  would  not  photograph.  I  will  try  to  copy  it.  I  wish 
I  knew  anything  to  help  you  in  your  researches,  but  except  what  you  have 
yourself  told  me  I  know  nothing.  The  house  you  mention  (Daan)  belonged 
to  Monro  of  Milntown.  They  had  an  enormous  property  in  the  tigh  of 
Moray,  their  power  was  much  greater  than  that  of  our  chief  at  Foulis. 

Father  will  hope  to  see  you  at  the  New  Allan,  not  to  call  but  to  pay  him  a 
visit  though  he  is  so  old  that  he  cannot  reckon  on  many  years  —  though  the 
old  last  often  when  the  young  go. 

With  many  thanks  for  your  letter  and  my  best  regards  to  your  ladies, 
believe  me  dear  General  Read 

Yours  truly, 

Leila  Monro. 

The  last  remark  in  this  letter, —  that  the  old  often  last  when  the  young 
go  —  seemed  to  be  prophetic,  for  General  Meredith  Read  received,  on  the 
fifth  September,  a  letter  addressed  to  him  by  Mrs.  David  Monro,  the 
mother,  dated  Allan  by  Fearn,  Ross-shire,  N.  B.,  3rd  September,  1888,  as 
follows : 

My  Dear  Sir. —  You  will  I  feel  sure  be  grieved  to  hear  very  sad  news 
of  my  beloved  daughter  who  lately  corresponded  with  you.  She  died  on 
the  21st  August  after  a  short  illness,  the  result  of  repeated  and  neglected 
chills  when  visiting  from  home  some  weeks  before. 

Almost  the  last  effort  of  her  pen  was  answering  your  last  letter  and 
though  not  in  her  usual  health  no  fatal  termination  was  then  expected.  To 
her  aged  father  and  to  me  the  loss  is  irreparable. 

She  was  my  only  link  with  the  outer  world,  as  I  am  an  invalid  &  never 
leave  our  home.  She  was  much  loved  &  appreciated  by  a  large  circle  of 
friends  the  names  of  some  of  them  you  will  see  in  the  newspaper  I  send 
you  with  the  account  of  her  funeral :  many  more  wreaths  and  crosses 
arrived  too  late  &  were  placed  on  her  grave.  My  son,  Captain  David  Monro, 
his  wife  and  family  are  here  at  present,  he,  after  fourteen  years  military 
service  in  India  retired,  &  was  appointed  Her  Majesty's  Inspector  of  Police 
for  all  Scotland.  His  wife  was  a  Miss  Pelly,  whom  you  will  find  in  Burke 
among  the  Pelly  Baronets.  He  has  three  lovely  daughters,  aged  from  twenty 
to  fifteen  years'  and  three  sons.  If  you  ever  visit  Edinburgh,  his  home,  and 
care  to  make  their  acquaintance,  I  enclose  his  card. 

Captain  D.  Monro, 

H.  M.  Inspector  of  Constabulary 

for  Scotland, 

Nczv  Club,  Edinburgh  &  13  Blantyre  Terrace. 

He  is  of  course  often  absent  on  his  official  duties,  but  his  family  are  only 
absent  when  here.  My  poor  daughter  was  looking  forward  to  seeing  you 
some  time  but  alas  are  we  not  daily  learning  that  "  L'homme  propose  et  Dieu 
dispose."  Death  has  robbed  every  house  in  this  county  of  one  of  its  chief 
members,  to  God's  will  we  must  all  bend. 

I  think  my  dear  daughter  told  you  that  our  house  was  burnt  about  the 
time  you  visited  the  North,  and  we  were  away  pending  the  building  of  a 
new  one.  Excuse  this  badly  expressed,  and  still  worse  written  letter,  but 
it  has  been  an  effort  I  have  been  wishing  to  make. 

I  remain  most  truly  yours, 

Elizabeth  Monro. 

Extract  From   the   Northern    Chronicle,   Wednesday,   August  29,    1888. 

The  Late   Miss    Monro   of   Allan. —  The   funeral   of   the   late   Elizabeth 

Leila  Monro,  eldest  daughter  of  David  Monro  of  Allan,  took  place  at  Kilmuir 

on  Saturday  and  although  intended  to  be  strictly  private,  many  friends  kindly 

138  Rossi  cvia. 

attended.  The  service  was  conducted  by  the  Rev.  Canon  Thoyts,  St. 
Andrews,  Tain.  Beautiful  wreaths  and  crosses  were  sent  by  the  Duchess 
of  Sutherland;  Mrs.  F.  M.  Reid;  the  hon.  Mrs.  E.  Willoughby;  Sir  Hector 
and  Lady  Monro  of  Foulis ;  Sir  Charles  and  Lady  Ross  of  Balnagowan,  and 
Miss  Barnes ;  Lady  and  Miss  Mackenzie  of  Coul ;  Mrs.  Monro-Ferguson 
of  Raith  and  Novar;  Mrs.  Romaines  of  Geanies  House;  Miss  Murray  of 
Geanies ;  Mrs.  Murray,  Kirkton;  Mrs.  Brydone,  Cromarty;  Sir  Kenneth 
Matheson  of  Lochalsh  and  Ardross ;  the  servants  at  Allan  and  many  others. 
The  chief-mourners  were  Mr.  Monro  of  Allan ;  Captain  and  Mrs.  David- 
Monro  and  their  sons  and  daughters;  Sir  Hector  Monro  of  Foulis;  Sir 
Arthur  Mackenzie  of  Coul;  Admiral  Mackenzie,  Coul,  and  Major  F.  M. 
Reid,  Golspie. 

Mrs.  Monro  wrote  again  from  Allan  on  the  29th  March,  1890. 

Dear  General  Read. —  In  your  last  letter,  written  at  the  time  of  my  dear 
daughter's  death,  you  kindly  said  that  you  and  Mrs.  Read  would  be  pleased 
to  see  any  member  of  our  family  if  they  visited  Paris. 

A  niece  of  Mr  Monro,  Mrs  Fraser,  a  widow,  and  her  only  daughter 
propose  going  there  for  a  short  time.  The  health  and  spirits  of  the  latter 
have  been  sadly  shaken  by  the  sudden  death  of  her  only  sister  nearly  a  year 
ago  at  the  age  of  18.  Her  husband  was  Mr  Fraser  of  Eskadale  an  estate 
in  this  county,  sold  at  his  death  to  Lord  Lovat  as  a  provision  for  her  chil- 
dren. They  have  lived  abroad  frequently,  speak  French  fluently  and  I  hope 
you  may  all  find  them  agreeable. 

The  universal  epidemic  we  observed,  was  very  severe  in  Paris.  I  trust 
you  and  your  family  escaped  its  attacks. 

In  this  country  it  assumed  rather  a  milder  type,  but  everyone  felt  it  more 
or  less.  Many  sad  events  have  occurred  since  our  short  correspondence. 
The  loss  of  our  oldest  and  dear  friend  the  Duchess  of  Sutherland  we  have 
deeply  deplored.  Her  family  estate  and  one  of  her  houses  —  Tarbet  House  — 
is  only  four  miles  from  here,  and  she  never  failed  to  visit  us  when  staying 
there,  and  a  fortnight  before  her  death  and  on  the  eve  of  her  last  journey 
southwards,  she  sat  an  hour  with  me.  then  suffering  from  bronchitis  and 
quite  unfit  for  the  long  journey  and  all  the  last  fatiguing  efforts  she  maae 
to  see  her  husband.  It  was  all  a  tragedy,  and  what  a  result ! !  We  knew 
her  from  her  childhood  and  I  write  of  her  now  remembering  you  have 
mentioned  your  visit  to  Dunrobin.  I  have  been  reading  an  interesting  book, 
"  Motley's  Letters,  etc."  and  have  been  fancying  you  may  have  known  him 
or  met  him  in  the  diplomatic  service.  He  was  a  short  time  U.  S.  Minister 
to  London  and  Vienna.     His  eldest  daughter  married  Sir  Harcourt. 

Please  accept  our  united  kind  regards.     *     *     * 

Mr  Munro  was  eighty-one  years  his  last  birthday  and  I  only  four  years 
younger,  so  you  may  fancy  our  time  here  must  soon  come  to  a  close.  I  wish 
we  had  known  vou  in  earlier  davs. 



THE  Highlanders  of  old  were  extravagant  in  their  funeral  and  marriage 
and  ordinary  social  functions.  The  following  list  of  the  people  invited 
to  the  funeral  of  Hugh  Munro,  of  Teaninich,  shows  to  what  pitch 
funeral  extravagance  could  rise,  even  in  the  case  of  a  family  of  moderate  estate 
at  the  beginning  of  Queen  Anne's  reign ;  for  be  it  remembered  that  all  who 
attended  were  profusely  entertained  as  invited  guests.  The  list,  however,  is 
more  deserving  of  publication  on  another  account  than  the  pointing  out  a 
moral  and  a  contrast  of  changed  customs.  It  indicates  the  men  of  influence, 
and  importance  over  a  wide  district  who  were  connected  with  or  known  to 
the  Teaninich  family.  How  many  of  them  are  represented  to-day  by  descen- 
dants in  the  places  which  belonged  to  them?  How  many  names  have  in  two 
centuries  dropped  out  of  local  existence  altogether? 

Copy  of  the  Funeral  Letter  Used  in  Connection  with  this  Funeral. 

Much  honored, —  The  honour  of  your  presence  on  Thursday  next  be  ten 
of  the  cloak  in  the  forenoon,  being  the  twenty-third  inst.,  and  to  convoy  ye 
corps  off  Hugh  Munro  of  Teaninich,  my  grandfather,  from  his  dwelling- 
house,  att  Milnetoune  off  Alnes,  to  his  buriall  place  at  Alnes.-—  Is  earnestly 
intreated,  much  honored,  your  most  humble  servt..  HUGH  MUNRO. 

Milnetoune  of  Alness,  18th  Sept.,  1703. 

Ane  List  of  the  Gentlemen  Invited  to  the  Deceased  Hugh  Munro  off 
Teaninich  His  Buriall,  17TH  Sept.,  1703. 
Contoune  Paroch    (Contin). 
Mr  iEneas  Morison,  minister,  yr.   (there) 
Sir  John  Mackenzie  off  Cowll 
Mr  Symon  Mackenzie  off  Torridon 
Kenneth  Mackenzie,  younger  off  Torridon 
Alex.  Mackenzie,  son  to  Mr  Symon  Mackenzie  off  Torridon 
Kenneth  Mackenzie  in  Tarvie 
Lachlane  Mackenzie  off  Assint 

Mr  Wm.  Mackenzie,  broyther  German  to  ye  Laird  of  Cowll 
Mr  Duncan  Murchison,  chaplan  to  ye  Laird  of  Cowll 

Note. —  Among  the  names  appearing  here  are  those  of  David  Ross  of  Balblair; 
Andrew  Stronach  of  Little  Allan;  David  Ross,  Chief  of  the  Clan  of  Ross,  Laird  of 
Balnagown  (who  married  Lady  Anna  Stewart,  daughter  of  James  Earl  of  Moray),  who 
died  eight  years  later,  in  1711,  and  was  succeeded  as  Chief  by  the  Laird  of  Pitcalnie 
v.'hose  name  is   also  found  in  this  list  of  1703. 

140  Rossi  an  a. 

Ffodertie  Paroch. 

Mr  George  Mackenzie  off  Ballamuchie 

The  Laird  of  Davochmaluack 

Mr  John  Mackenzie 

Mr  Rorie  Mackenzie,  broyr.  German  to  Davochmaluack  off  Cross 

Kenneth  Mackenzie,  broyr.  German  to  Davochmaluack 

John  Bain  in  Inch  Rorie 

John  Macleod,  chamberlain  to  ye  Viscount  Tarbot 

Kenneth  Mackenzie,  broyr.   German  to   Ballamuchie. 

Urray  Paroch. 
Roderick  Mackenzie  off  Farburne 
Colline  Mackenzie  off  Dunglust 
James  Macrae  off  Ballnaine 
Murdoch  Mackenzie  in  Brahan 
George  Fraser  in  Brahan 

Colline  Mackenzie,  broyr.  German  to  ye  Laird  of  Farburne 
Win.  Ffraser  in  Brahan 
John  Tuach  off  Logie  Rich 
John  Ffraser,  chamberlain  to  Garloch 
Mr  Hector  Mackenzie  off  Kinkoll 
George  Tuach  in  Cribo  House 
John  Munro  in  Aulogourie 
Mr  John  Cameron,  town  elk.  off  Dingwall 
The  Laird  off  Killiehulldrum 
and  Ken.  Mackenzie,  his  son 
Kenneth  Mackenzie  in  Ord 
Thomas  Mackenzie  of  Ord 

The  Laird  off  Tulloch,  elder 

Mr  Kenneth  Bain,  son  to  Sir  Donald  Bain  off  Tulloch 
Roderick  Dingwall  off  Ussie 
Donald  Dingwall,  late  Baillie  of  Dingwall 
Donald  Bayne,  broyer  to  Knockbayn 
Kenneth  Mackenzie,  late  Baillie  of  Dingwall 

The  Much  Hond.  the  Magistracy  and  haile  Incorporation  off  Dingwal 
Donald  Maclennan  in  Knock  Coptor 

Urquhart  and  Loggie  Paroch. 
The  Laird  off  Culloden,  younger 
Collin  Mackenzie  off  Findon 
The  Laird  of  Scattwall 
Donald  Rhiach  in  Killbockie 
Mr  And.  Ross,  minister  att  Crquhart 
Donald  Simpson  off  Neyr.  Calcraggie 

Alex.   Simson in  Fferintosh 

Alex.  Ffraser  in  Fferintosh 
Rorie  Mackenzie  in   Fferintosh 

Funeral  of  Hugh  Munro  of  Teaninich.  141 

Duncan  Munro  in  Knocknairraid 

Robt.  Alex,  and  John  Munro  in  Ballnabing 

Alex.  Mackenzie  in  Fferintosh 

Hector  Urquhart  in  Fferintosh 

The  Laird  off  Red  Castle,  elder  and  younger 
Mr  Charles  Mackenzie  off  Cullbo 
Rorie  Tuiach  in  Red  Castle 
Mr  Andrew  Junor,  Governour  to  younger  Red  Castle 

Kilmuir  Wester. 

The  Laird  off  Ballmaduthy  younger 
Captain  John  Macintosh  off  Drynie 
John  Mackenzie  in  Wester  Kossock 
The  Laird  off  Allangrange 
Colline  Mackenzie  in  Easter  Kossock 

Suddy  Paroch. 

The  Laird  off  Suddy 

John  Matheson  off  Bonnedgeffeild 

Mr  Thomey  Ffraser,  minister  in  Suddy 

The  Laird  off  Ballmaikduthie  elder 

Mr  Roderick  Mackenzie,  Muir  off  Avoch 

Hugh  Baillie,  Sheriff-Clerk  off  Ross 

The  Laird  off  Drynie 

The  Laird  off  Inchcultor 

George  Graham,  bailie  of  Ffortrose 

Alex.  Baillie,  notry  pub.  in  Ffortrose 

Wm.  Tolmie  Baillie  off  Chanory 

The  Magistrates  and  Incorporation  off  Chanory 

Mr  George  Gordon,  minister  off  Rosemarkine 

John  Millar,  portioner  off  Rosenmarkney 

Andrew  Millar  off  Kincurdie 

Alex.  Gowan.  son  to  Baillie  Gowan  off  Rosenmarkney 

Alexr.  Lessley  off  Ratherys 

The  Laird  off  Kinock 

The  Laird  off  Findrossie 


Alex.  Davidson,  Sheriff-Clk.  off  Cromarty 

Thomas  Cluies,  mert.  off  Cromarty 

Alexr.  Cluies  off  Dunskoith  and 

Jo.  Cluies,  his  son 

George  Macleoud  in  Doubistoune 

George  Macculloch  off  Ketwall 

Mr  Thomas  Macculloch,  schoolmaster  in  Cromerty 

Wm.  Ross.  mert.  in  Cromerty 

David  Macculloch  of  Davidstoune 

i_p  Rossiana. 

Kirkmihell  Paroch. 
The  Laird  off  Newhall  eldor 
David  Ffraser  of  Main 
Wm.  Urquhart  off  Braelangvvell 
Gilbert  Barclay  in  Ballcherry,  and  his  son 
George  Macculloch,  Fferytoune 
Thomas  Urquhart,  the  Laird  of  Kinbeachie 
Mr  David  Kingtoune  in  St  Martins 

Kilteam  Paroch. 
Alexr.  Munro  off  Killchoan 
And.  Munro  in  Loamlair 
George  Munro  off  Loamlair 
Captain  John  Mackenzie  off  Clynes 
John  Junr,  Loamlair 
Sir  Robert  Munro  off  Ffoulis 
Ffarquhar  Maclean  in  Ardulzie 
Mr  John  Bethune  off  Culnaskea  younger 
Wm.  Munro  off  Swordoll 
Hector  Munro  off  Drumond 
Ffarquhar  Munro,  tutor  off  Teanaird 
James  Munro,  tutor  off  Ardulzie 
Bailie  Davie  Rose 
Mr  Wm.  Stewart,  minister 
John  Munro  off  Teanrivan 
Ffrancis  Robertson  in  Kiltearn,  and 
Gilbert,  Colline.  James,  and  George 
Robert  Douglas,  and  Mr  Do.  Bain  in  Teannord,  and  John  Ffearnc- 

Mr  John  Mackenzie  in  Assint 
Hugh  Munro  in  Teanacraig 
David  Munro,  tutor  off  Ffyres 
Mr  Jo.  M'Gilligen  off 
Arthur  Fforbes  in  Contullich 
Patrick  Beaton  in  Cowll 
Mr.  John  Fraser,  minister  of  Alness 
Mr  John  Munro  off  Cowll,  Dr.  of  medicine 
Alex.  MTntosh  of  Lealdie 
Donald  Munro  of  Easter  Lealdie 
Wm  Munro  off  Cullcraggie 


Murdoch  M'Kenzie  off  Ardross 

John  Mackenzie,  Broyr.  german  to  Ardross 

Colline  Robertson  off  Kindeace 

Wm.  Robertson,  younger  off  Kindeace 

George  Robertson,  son  to  Kindeace 

Robert  Mason  in  Neonokill 

Funeral  of  Hugh  Munro  of  Tcaninich.  143 

Wm.  Grant  in  Bridgend 

John  Grant  in  Dallmore 

The  Laird  off  Cullrayte 

Mr  Alex  Gordon,  broyr.  to  Dallfolly 

Adam  Gordon,  broyr.  German  to  Dallfolly 

Mr  Wm.  Gordon,  his  governor 

Wm.  Dallas  younger  off  Breachly 

The  Laird  of  Newmore 

Walter  Innes  at  Inverbreakig 

Hugh  Innes  younger 

Hugh  Innes  in  Rosskeen 

Walter  Innes  in  Braddanneish 

George  Abernethy  in  Inverbreakig 

Colline  Mackenzie  off  Pittlundie 

Mr  Wm.  Mackenzie,  minister  of  Rosskeen 

Donald  Aird  in  Neonakill 

John  Aird  in  Kincraig 

Hugh  Suyrland  in  Inverbreakie 

Donald  Ross  in  the  Ord  of  Inverbreakys 

H.  Ross  his  broyr. 

Alex.  Sword  in  Inverbreakie 

Killmuire  Easter. 

Mr  Daniell  Macgilligin,  minister  off  Killmuire 
The  Minister  of  Tarbot  Ranald  Bayn 
The  Laird  of  Knockbayne,  younger  and  eldor 
John  Macdonald  off  Knocknapark,  younger 
Alex.  Macdonald  off  Badie  Bea 
Roderick  Bayn  off  Green  Hill 
Donald  Macgoir  in  Tullich 
And.  Munro  in  Delny 
George  Munro  in  Priesthill 
Alex.  Suyrland  off  Inchfure 
Murdoch  Mackenzie,  chamberlain  to  ye  minister 
And.  Tailler  off  Tarbot,  Milnebuie 
.     The  Laird  off  Ballnagowne1 
David  Ross,  chief  of  the  Clan 

Mr  D.  Fforbes,  late  minister  off  Killmuir,  and  his  broyr.  Alex.  Fforbes 
John  Munro  off  Loggie 

iThe  Laird  of  Balnagown,  in  1703,  was  DAVID  ROSS,  chief  of  the  Clan  of  Ross, 
being  thirteenth  of  Balnagown,  son  and  heir  to  his  father  the  6th  October,  1657,  in  the 
lands  of  Strathoykell,  Inverchasley  and  others,  Commissioner  of  Supply,  Ross-shire, 
1678-1685,  M.  P.,  Ross-shire,  1669-1674,  Sheriff,  1689.  He  obtained  the  charter  to  himself 
and  Frances  Stewart  of  the  lands  and  barony  of  Balnagown  undei  the  Great  Seal, 
20th  July,  16S8.  He  was  born  the  14th  September,  1644,  and  consequently  when  he 
attended  the  funeral  of  Hugh  Munro  of  Teaninich,  in  September,  1703,  he  was  59  years 
old.  He  died  the  17th  July,  1711,  without  issue,  having  married  (Sasine  on  marriage- 
contract  10th  April,  1666)  Lady  Anne  Stewart,  daughter  of  James,  Earl  of  Moray:  she 
died    1719.      Various    settlements    were    proposed    for    establishing    the    succession    to    the 

144  Rossiana. 

Loggie  Paroch. 
Mr  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  minister  of  Loggie 
George  Mackenzie  in  Blackhill 
Mr  Robert  Ross  off  Loggie 
Angus  Macculloch  in  Drumgillie 
David  Macculloch  off  Glastulich 
Hugh  Munro  in  Glastulich 
Hugh  Ross  off  Langwell 
David  Ffearn  in  Callrossie 
Donald  Mackenzie  off  L.  Meddatt 
David  Ross  in  Calrossie 

Ffearne  Paroch. 
Win.  Ross  off  Eastor  Ffearne 
George  Munro  in  Muckle  Allan 
James  Ross  off  Uge 
John  Ross  off  Auchnacloich 
John  Fforester  off  Danskoith 
Alexr.  Fforester  off  Cullnanild 
Mr  Hugh  Duff,  minister  off  Ffearne 
Mr  John  McCulloch 
David  Ross  off  Ballblair 
And.  Stronach  off  Little  Allan 
Mr  Wm.  Cockburne  off  Millne  Riggs 
Mr  Alexr.  Ross  off  Pitkery 
Hugh  Ross  off  Little  Tarrell 
Rory  Ffowler,  portioner  off  Mukle  Allan 

Tarbal   Paroch. 
The  Laird  off  Ardloch 
Alexr.  Ross  off  Little  Tarrell 
Alex.  Munro,  Chamberlain  to  the  Mr  off  Tarbot 
James  McKenzie  in  Mukle  Tarrole 
The  Laird  off  Dumbeath 

Alexr.  McCulloch,  Chamberlain  to  Gordonstonne 
The  Laird  off  Pitcallney 
The  Laird  off  Auldie,  elder  and  younger 

broad  lands  of  Balnagown,  which,  bj  document  registered  at  Fortrose  in  168S,  consisted 
of  forty-eight  properties.  Eventually  it  passed  out  of  the  hands  of  the  old  family  to 
Lieutenant-General  Charles  Ross,  of  an  ancient  Lowland  family,  in  nowise  connected 
with  the  Earls  of  Ross,  and  finally  came  to  Sir  James  Ross  Lockhart,  and  is  now  in 
the   possession   of   his   descendant,    Sir   Charles    Henry   Augustus    Frederick    Ross. 

The  Laird  of  Pitcalnie.  in  1703,  was  Malcolm  Ross,  fifth  of  Pitcalnie,  who,  on  the 
death  of  his  cousin,  David  Ross,  thirteenth  of  Balnagown  without  issue  in  1711,  became 
the  male  representative  of  the  Earls  of  Ross  of  the  old  creation,  and  chief  of  the  family. 
In  1706,  he  was  Commissioner  of  Supply.  On  the  12th  March,  1708,  he  had  a  charter 
of  adjudication  and  resignation  of  his  lands  under  the  Great  Seal.  By  Sasine  23d 
August,  1720,  Alexander  Forrester  of  Culnald  ceded  to  him  the  quarter-lands  of  Annate 
in  the  Parish  of  Nigg.  In  1721  he  is  styled  Burgess  of  Tain.  He  married,  first,  in 
1706,  Jean,  eldest  daughter  of  Mr.  James  McCulloch  of  Piltoun. 

Funeral  of  Hugh  Munro  of  Tcaninich.  145 

Nigg  Paroch. 
Thomas  Gair,  portioner  off  Xigg,  and  his  son 
James  Ross  in  Pittgllass 
David  Ross  in  Annat 
James  Rose,  Chamberlain  to  Killravock 
And.  Ross  in  Shandwick 
Alex.  Gair  in  Nigg 

Ta  inc. 
Wm.  Grant  off  Ballkoith 
And.  Ross  off  Pitteggarty 
The  Provost  of  Tayne 

The  Magistrates  and  Town  Councill  of  Tayne 
Mr  Hugh  Munro,  minr.  off  Tayne 
Charles  Manson,  Town  Clerk 
David  Ffearne  off  Tarloggie 
Rorie  Dingwall  off  Cambusburry 
John  Munro  in  Tayne 

Eddertoune  Paroch 
David  Ross  in  Eddertoune 
Arthur  Ross  his  son 

Mr  Arthur  Suyrland,  Muir  off  Eddertoune 
Alexr.  Munro  off  Dahan 
Hector  Munro,  younger  off  Dahan 
Hugh  Simpson  and  his  son 
Mr  Wm.  Innas  in  Ffearne 
And.  Ross  off  Shandwick 
David  Ross  in  Airdguise 
Mr  Hector  Ffraser,  minr.  off  Kincardine 
Robt.  Ross  Munro  off  Auchnagart 
John  Munro  off  Inveran 

Hugh  Munro,  younger,  and  K.  Munro,  son  to  Inveran 
Wm.  More  off  Linsed  More 
John  Munro  off  Little  Atas 
John  Munro  in  Invernauild 
Hector  Munro  in  Teainleig 
James  Ross  of  Knockan 
Wm.  Munro  in  Auchnaluibach 


Mr  James  Ffraser  off  Phopachy  and  Alexr.  his  son 

The  Laird  off  Auchnagairne 

The  Laird  off  Rilitt,  eldor  and  younger 

And.  Ffraser  off  Bannanie 

Provost  Duff 


Alexr.  Duff  off  Drunmuire 

Baillie  Barbour  . ' 

146  Rossiana. 

Go.  Macintosh,  baillie 

Robt.  Rose,  baillie 

Captain  Alexr.  Stewart 

Murdoch  Ffeilcl 

Tho.  Lindsay 

Ja.  Thomson 

Thomas  Ffraser 

John  Locart 

Mr  Hector  Mackenzie,  minister 

Mr  Robt.  Baillie 

John  Robertson,  apothecary,  yr.   (there) 

John  Taillor,  slir.,  yr. 

George  M'Gilligen,  apothecary,  yr. 

David  Stewart,  mert.  yr.   (merchant  there) 

David  Maccay,  mer,  yr. 

John  Macbean,  mrt,  yr. 

John  Stewart,  messgr.,  Inverness  (messenger?) 

Castlehill,  elder  and  younger,  and  Mr  James  his  son 

John  Cuthbert.  Provost  off  Inverness 

David  Cuthbert  off  Drakies 

The  Laird  off  Inches 

And.  Munro  Wright 

MacLean,  Baillie  off  Inverness 

Charles  MacLean,  Town  Clk.  off  Inverness 
Alex.  Maclean,  mert.,  Inverness 
Mr  John  Mackintosh,  advocat 
Mr  James  Maclean,  Dr  of  medicine  yr. 
John  Maclean,  mert.,  off  Inverness 
Alex.  Mackintosh,  mert.,  off  Inverness 
George  Duncan,  mert.  yr. 
Alex.  Dunbar  of  Barrmukaly 
James  Dunbar,  mert.,  Inverness 

The  Magistrates  and  Town  Councill  and  Incorporation  off  the  Burgh  off 

Suyrland  (Sutherland). 

Mr  George  Gray  off  Creich 

John  Gray  off  Newtonne 

Robt.  Gray  off  Skibow 

Alex.  Gray  off  Skibow 

Captain  Hugh  Mackay  off  Skowly 

Alex.  Suyrland  off  Mukle  Torboll 

Mr  David  Suyrland  off  Camisavy 

John  Munro  off  Rogard 

Mr  Robt.  off  Sallach 

Sir  John  Gordon  off  Enbow 

Wm.  Suyrland  off  Ham 

W.  U.,  F.  S.  A.  SCOT. 


[From  Narratives  of  Sorcery  and  Magic,   by  Thomas  Wright,   Esqre.,   M,   A.,   F.   S.  A., 
Etc.,   Member  of  the   National   Institute   of   France.] 

r  t*  I  1  HE  next  case,  or  rather  cases  of  witchcraft  in  the  Scottish  annals,  is 
of  more  fearful  and  more  criminal  character  than  either  of  the 
preceding.  The  chief  persons  implicated  were  Katherine  Munro, 
Lady  Fowlis,  wife  of  the  chief  of  the  clan  of  Munro,  and  Hector  Munro,  the 
son  of  the  baron  of  Fowlis  by  a  former  wife.  The  Lady  Fowlis  was  by  birth 
Katharine  Ross  of  Balnagown ;  and  in  consequence  of  family  quarrels  and 
intrigues,  she  had  laid  a  plot  to  make  away  with  Robert  Munro,  her  husband's 
eldest  son,  in  order  that  his  widow  might  be  married  to  her  brother  George 
Ross,  laird  of  Balnagown,  preparatory  to  which  it  was  also  necessary  to  effect 
the  death  of  the  young  Lady  Balnagown.  The  open  manner  in  which  the  pro- 
ceedings of  Lady  Fowlis  were  caried  on,  affords  a  remarkable  picture  of  the 
barbarous  state  of  society  among  the  Scottish  clans  at  this  period.  Among 
her  chief  agents  were  Agnes  Ross,  Christian  Ross  and  Major  Neyne 
MacAlester,  the  latter  better  known  by  the  name  of  Loskie  Loncart,  and  all 
three  described  as  "notorious  witches:"  another  active  individual  was 
named  William  McGillevorddine,  and  there  were  a  number  of  other  sub- 
ordinate persons  of  very  equivocal  character.  As  early  as  the  midsummer 
of  1576,  it  appears  from  the  trial  that  Agnes  Ross  was  sent  to  bring  Loskie 
Loncart  to  consult  with  Lady  Fowlis,  who  was  advised  "  to  go  into  the 
hills  to  speak  with  the  elf-folk,"  and  learn  from  them  if  Robert  Munro  and 
Lady  Balnagown  would  die,  and  if  the  laird  of  the  Balnagown  would 
marry  Robert's  widow;  and  about  the  same  time,  these  two  women  made 
clay  images  of  the  two  individuals  who  were  to  die,  for  the  purpose  of 
bewitching  them.  Poison  was  also  adopted  as  a  surer  means  of  securing  their 
victims,  and  the  cook  of  the  laird  of  Balnagown  was  bribed  to  their  interests. 
The  deadly  ingredients  were  obtained  by  William  MacGillvorddin,  at 
Aberdeen,  under  pretense  of  buying  poison  for  rats;  it  was  administered  by 
the  cook  just  mentioned,  in  a  dish  sent  to  the  Lady  Balnagown's  table, 
and  another  accomplice,  who  was  present,  declared  "  that  it  was  the  sairest 
and  maist  cruell  sicht  that  evir  sho  saw  seing  the  vomit  and  the  vexacioun 
that  was  on  the  young  Lady  Balnagown  and  hir  company."  However, 
although  the  victim  was  thrown  into  a  miserable  and  long-lasting  illness,  the 
poison  did  not  produce  immediate  death,  as  was  expected.  From  various 
points  in  the  accusation,  it  appears  that  the  conspirators  were  actively 
employed  in  devising  means  of  effecting  their  purpose  from  the  period 
mentioned  above  till  the  Easter  of  the  following  year,  by  which  time  the 
deadly  designs  of  the  Lady  Fowlis  had  become  much  more  comprehensive, 
and  she  aimed  at  no  less  than  the  destruction  of  all  the  former  family  of  her 
husband,  that  their  inheritance  might  fall  to  her  own  children.  In  May,  I577- 
William  McGillevordin  was  asked  to  procure  a  greater  quantity  of  poison,  the 

148  Rossi  ana. 

preceding  dose  having  been  insufficient;  but  he  refused  unless  her  brother,  the 
laird  of  Balnagown,  were  made  privy  to  it,  a  difficulty  which  was  soon  got 
over,  and  it  appears  that  the  laird  was,  to  a  certain  degree,  acquainted  with 
the  proceedings.  A  potion  of  a  much  more  deadly  character  was  now 
prepared,  and  two  individuals,  the  nurse  of  the  Lady  Fowlis  and  a  boy, 
were  killed  by  accidentally  tasting  of  it;  but  we  are  not  told  if  any  of  the 
intended  victims  fell  a  sacrifice.  The  conspirators  had  now  again  recourse 
to  witchcraft,  and  in  June,  1577,  a  man  obtained  for  the  Lady  Fowlis  an 
"  elf  arrow-head,"  for  which  she  gave  him  four  shillings.  The  "  elf  arrow- 
head "  was  nothing  more  than  one  of  those  small  rude  weapons  of  flint 
belonging  to  a  primeval  state  of  society  which  are  often  met  with  in 
turning  up  the  soil,  and  which  the  superstitious  peasantry  of  various 
countries  have  looked  upon  as  the  offensive  arms  of  fairies  and  witches.  On 
the  second  and  sixth  of  July  Lady  Fowlis  and  her  accomplices  held  two 
secret  meetings;  at  the  first  they  made  an  image  of  butter  to  represent 
Robert  Munro,  and.  having  placed  it  against  the  wall  of  the  chamber, 
Loskie  Loncart  shot  at  it  eight  times  with  the  elf  arrow-head,  but  always 
missed  it;  and  at  the  second  meeting  they  made  a  figure  of  clay  to  represent 
the  same  person  at  which  Loskie  shot  twelve  times,  but  with  no  better 
success  in  spite  of  all  their  incantations.  This  seems  to  have  been  a  source  of 
superstitious  feeling,  and  this  ceremony  was  to  have  insured  Robert  Munro's 
great  disappointment,  for  they  had  brought  fine  linen  cloth,  in  which  the 
figures,  if  struck  by  the  elf  arrow-head,  were  to  have  been  wrapped,  and  so 
buried  in  the  earth  at  a  place  which  seems  to  have  been  consecrated  by 
death.  In  August  another  elf  arrow-head  was  obtained,  and  towards 
Hallowmass  another  meeting  was  held,  and  two  figures  of  clay  made,  one 
for  Robert  Munro  and  the  other  for  the  lady;  Lady  Fowlis  shot  two  shots 
at  Lady  Balnagown  and  Loskie  Loncart  shot  three  at  Robert  Munro.  but 
neither  of  them  were  successful,  and  the  two  images  were  accidentally 
broken,  and  thus  the  charm  was  destroyed.  They  now  prepared  to  try 
poison  again,  but  Christiane  Ross,  who  had  been  present  at  the  last  meeting, 
was  arrested  towards  the  end  of  November,  and,  being  put  to  the  torture, 
made  a  full  confession,  which  was  followed  by  the  seizure  of  some  of  her 
accomplices,  several  of  whom,  as  well  as  Christiane  Ross,  were  "  convicted 
and  burnt."  The  Lady  Fowlis  fled  to  Caithness,  and  remained  there  nine 
months,  after  which  she  was  allowed  to  return  to  her  home.  Her  husband 
died  in  1588,  and  was  succeeded  by  Robert  Munro,  who  appears  to  have 
revived  the  old  charge  of  witchcraft  against  his  stepmother,  for  in  1589  he 
obtained  a  commission  for  the  examination  of  witches,  among  whose  names 
were  those  of  Lady  Fowlis  and  some  of  her  surviving  accomplices.  She 
appears  to  have  warded  off  the  danger  by  her  influence  and  money  for  some 
months,  until  July  22,  1590,  when  she  was  brought  to  her  trial,  her 
accuser  being  Hector  Munro.  This  trial  offered  one  of  the  first  instances 
of  acquittal  of  the  charge  of  sorcery,  and  it  has  been  observed  that  there 
are  reasons  for  thinking  the  case  was  brought  before  a  jury  packed  for  that 
purpose.  It  is  somewhat  remarkable  that  while  the  Lady  Fowlis  was  thus 
attempting  the  destruction  of  her  stepchildren,  they  were  trying  to  effect, 
by   the   same    means,    the   death    of   her   own   son.     Immediately   after   her 

Witchcraft  in  Scotland.  149 

acquittal,  on  the  same  day,  the  226.  of  July,  1590,  Hector  Munro  (her 
accuser)  was  put  on  his  trial  before  a  jury  composed  of  nearly  the  same 
persons,  for  practicing  the  same  crime  of  sorcery.  It  is  stated  in  the  charge 
that,  when  his  brother  Robert  Munro  had  been  grievously  ill  in  the  summer 
of  1588.  Hector  Munro  had  assembled  "three  notorious  and  common 
witches,"  to  devise  means  to  cure  him,  and  had  given  harbour  to  them 
several  days,  until  he  was  compelled  to  dismiss  them  by  his  father,  who 
threatened  to  apprehend  them.  Subsequent  to  this,  in  January,  1588  (i.  e., 
1589,  according  to  the  modern  reckoning),  Hector  became  himself  suddenly  ill, 
upon  which  he  sent  one  of  his  men  to  seek  a  woman  named  Marion 
Maclngaruch  "  one  of  the  maist  notorious  and  rank  witches  in  all  this 
redline,"  and  she  was  brought  to  the  house  in  which  he  was  lying  sick. 
After  long  consultation  and  having  given  him  "  three  drinks  of  water  out 
of  three  stones  which  she  had,"  she  declared  that  there  was  no  remedy 
for  him  unless  the  principal  man  of  his  blood  should  suffer  death  for  him. 
They  then  held  further  counsel  and  came  at  last  to  the  conclusion  that  the 
person  who  must  be  his  substitute  was  George  Munro,  the  eldest  son  of  the 
Lady  Fowlis,  whose  trial  has  just  been  described.  The  ceremonies  which 
followed  are  some  of  the  most  extraordinary. 


MANY  years  ago  I  visited  Balblair  and  Balnagown  Castle,  the  ancient 
seat  of  my  ancestors,   and  also   the  chief  of  the  clan,   Mr.    Ross  of 
At  Balnagown  Castle  Lady  Ross  took  me  all  over  the  house  and  was  most 
kind   in    inviting  me   to   dinner.     The   Duchess   of   Sutherland,   the   friend  of 

Queen  Victoria,  invited 
me  to  come  and  spend 
ten  days  at  Dunrobin 
Castle,  one  of  the  most 
beautiful  places  in  all 
Scotland.  1  he  Duchess 
of  Sutherland  was  then 
one  of  the  most  charming 
and  beautiful  women  in 
the  United  Kingdom. 
Her  grace  and  loveliness 
were  noted.  She  was 
also  a  descendant  of  the 
Earls  of  Ross,  and  very 
proud  she  was  of  that  de- 
scent. My  father  was  a 
great  friend  of  Her 
Grace  and  was  on  inti- 
mate terms  with  both  her 
husband,  the  Duke,  and 
herself.  He  spent  many 
happy  hours  at  Dunrobin. 
I  was  unfortunately  un- 
able to  go  as  I  was  called 
back  to  America  by  the 
death  of  my  mother's 
father.  I  have  a  number 
of  photographs  of  the 
Duchess,  all  signed  with 
her  name.  which  she 
gave  to  my  father  at  dif- 
ferent times.  Perhaps  it 
may  not  be  out  of  place  to  tell  a  little  story  in  regard  to  one  of 
these  photographs.  It  was  framed  in  an  ornamental  frame  of  wood 
and  stood  on  the  mantel  in  the  guest  room  in  my  house  in  Albany.  In  that 
room  had  hung  the  portrait  of  the  famous  Hon.  John  Ross,  Royal  Attorney- 
General,  and  it  had  been  removed  only  a  short  time  before  to  place  it  along 

Duchess  of  Sutherland. 

A    Visit  to  Balblair  and  Balnagozcn  Castle.  151 

with  that  of  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Captain  Gurney,  in  the  drawing-room 
downstairs.  One  night  a  young  cousin  of  ours.  Miss  Julia  Ross  Potter,  who 
was  a  direct  descendant  of  the  Ross  family,  was  awakened  by  some  one 
moving  in  this  room  where  she  had  been  sleeping,  and  as  if  the  person  had 
been  startled  by  something  and  had  let  the  picture  slip  from  between  his 
fingers,  there  was  a  slight  crash  and  all  was  silent.  Miss  Potter  sprang  out 
of  bed,  lighted  the  light  and  found,  to  her  dismay,  that  the  photograph  of 
the  Duchess  of  Sutherland  had  fallen  near  her  bed,  which  was  on  the  other 
side  of  the  room,  and  that  the  frame  was  in  pieces.  The  most  extraordinary 
thing  about  it  all  was  that  the  photograph  leaned  against  the  wall  and 
something  had  been  put  in  front  of  it  to  prevent  its  falling.  It  was  abso- 
lutely impossible  for  it  to  have  fallen  without  something  moving  it. 

It  was  in  the  year  A.  D.  1881  I  had  walked  from  the  city  of  Tain,  wrhere 
I  was  stopping  at  the  Ross  Arms,  to  Balblair,  the  seat  of  my  ancestors,  the 
Ross's.  There  I  found  a  new,  large  and  comfortable  house  that  a  few 
years  before  had  taken  the  place  of  the  original  picturesque  and  rambling 
manor  house,  with  its  pepper-box  tower  and  coat  of  arms  carved  over  the 
door.  Mr.  James  Ross,  a  member  of  the  clan,  received  me  with  great  kind- 
ness and  showed  me  all  over  the  place  and  took  me  to  the  famous  Daan 
house,  now  a  peasant's  dwelling.  Towards  evening  we  rambled  back  to  the 
house  at  Balblair  and  were  received  by  the  charming  lady  who  did  the 
hospitalities  of  Mr.  Ross'  mansion.  Many  of  the  gentry  came  to  dinner  that 
night,  and  we  sat  over  our  cigars  and  whiskey  (at  least  they  did,  for  I  only 
could  take  sherry  in  those  days)  and  amusing  stories  were  told,  and  the 
laugh  went  around  the  board  as  the  evening  grew  older.  At  about  eleven 
o'clock  I  arose  to  say  good-night,  for  I  had  a  long  walk  before  me.  They 
all  came  down  to  the  gate  to  say  good-bye,  and  with  many  a  kindly  word 
from  each  and  all  I  left  them. 

For  a  part  of  the  way  the  road  ran  between  a  wood  and  an  arm  of  the 
sea,  and.  in  deed,  the  waves  were  not  far  away  from  the  side  of  the  road 
away  from  the  wood. 

It  was  a  sad,  solemn  night.  Even-  little  while  the  moon  would  come 
out  of  the  clouds  for  a  moment  and  then  half  go  back.  I  had  walked 
about  a  quarter  of  that  part  of  the  road  which  ran  between  the  wood  and 
the  sea  when  I  stopped,  my  blood  frozen  in  my  veins,  my  hair  standing  on 
end,  for  there,  about  one  hundred  feet  away  from  me,  stood  a  figure  of  white 
light,  the  figure  of  a  man,  which  looked  at  me  and  flickered  like  a  gas  light. 
I  tried  to  advance ;  I  could  not  do  so ;  a  great  horror  and  fear  was  upon  me. 
I  said  a  silent  prayer  and  took  a  pin  that  I  happened  to  have  with  me  and 
stuck  it  into  my  leg.  The  figure  continued  to  flicker  in  the  middle  of  the 
road.  I  could  not  go  back  to  Balblair  and  have  all  those  great,  strong  men 
laugh  at  me,  and  I  could  not  advance  upon  this  awful  thing  in  the  road. 
Suddenly  an  old  nurse's  tale  of  how  at  the  sign  of  the  cross  all  evil  must 
give  way  came  into  my  brain.  No  sooner  thought  than  done,  with  a  look 
of  determination  I  advanced  upon  the  horror  in  the  road,  and,  as  I  came 
up  to  it,  I  made  the  sign  of  the  cross  and  the  figure  went  out  as  a  gas  light 
does  when  you  turn  it  out.  I  crossed  the  place  where  it  had  stood,  and 
after  a  moment  or  two  was  again  taken  with  the  strange  fright,  and,  looking 

15-2  Rossi  a  n  a. 

back,  saw  the  figure  standing,  now  turned  the  other  way.  looking  at  me. 
I  then  lost  all  courage  and  took  to  my  heels  and  ran  as  hard  as  I  could  for 
the  good  city  of  Tain,  and  I  can  yet  remember  the  feeling  of  relief  when  I 
saw  the  light  in  the  first  house  on  the  outskirts  of  the  town.  Gratitude  is 
too  mild  a  word  to  use  to  explain  my  feelings  when  I  at  last  saw  at  the  end 
of  the  street  the  old  painted  sign  with  the  Arms  of  Ross  upon  it  that  hung 
over  the  door  of  my  inn.  What  was  this  figure?  Was  it  the  result  of 
acute  indigestion,  the  play  of  the  imagination  and  the  shadows  cast  by  the 
moon  and  clouds,  or  was  it  truly  the  spirit  of  old  David  Ross,  who,  during 
his  life,  had  often  walked  over  this  road,  who  had  come  to  warn  me?  I  know 
not  what  it  was.  I  only  know  that  a  day  or  so  after  I  received  a  despatch 
telling  me  that  I  must  return  to  America  as  my  mother's  father  was  dying. 

H.  P.  R. 

Descendants  of  the  Earls  of  Ross 
in  America. 






REV.  GEORGE  ROSS  (igye.  in  Ross  Chart)  was  the  second  son  of 
David  Ross  of  Balblair  (197b),  and  his  descent  from  the  ancient 
Earls  of  Ross  is  clearly  traced  through  five  generations  of  the  Earls, 
four  generations  of  the  noble  house  of  Balnagown,  one  generation  of  the 
house  of  Shandwick,  five  generations  of  the  branch  of  Bahnachy  and  two 
generations  of  the  branch  of  Balblair.  He  was  born  at  Balblair  in  1679,  and 
was  educated  for  the  Presbyterian  ministry,  but  left  that  denomination  and 
took  orders  in  the  Church  of  England.  He  came  to  America  in  1703  as  a 
missionary  of  the  Society  for  the  Propagation  of  the  Gospel  in  Foreign 
Parts,  locating  at  Newcastle,  Del.  He  soon  rose  to  prominence,  becoming 
one  of  the  pillars  of  the  Episcopal  church  in  the  American  colonies,  and 
acting  as  chaplain  to  several  of  the  proprietary  governors  of  Pennsylvania. 
He  married,  first,  Joanna  Williams,  of  Rhode  Island,  by  whom  he  had  six 
children.  She  died  September  29,  1726.  act.  36.  Her  tomb,  near  the  eastern 
gable  of  Emmanuel  Church,  bears  this  inscription  :  "  Memor  vertutum  Johanna? 
conjugis,  honesto  genere  natal,  hoc  sepulchrae  monumentum  maritus  georgius 
Ross,  Ev :  Angelii  praeco,  extreundum  curiast  anno  acquivit  ilia  aebatis 
trigesimo  Septimo,  29  Sept.,  1726.  Dixit  ei  Jesus.  Quisquis  vivit  et  credit  in 
me  11011  morietur  in  eternam.     Calcanda  semel  via  lethi." 

Rev.  George  Ross  married,  secondly,  Catherine  Van  Gezel.  of  New  Castle, 
by  whom  he  had  SEven  children,  among  them  Colonel  George  Ross  (  1730-1770). 
a  signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence,  and  Gertrude  Ross,  who  married, 
first,  Isaac  Till,  and,  secondly,  Hon.  George  Read,  of  New  Castle,  also  a  signer 
of  the  Declaration  of  Independence,  thus  connecting  the  two  ancient  families 
of  Ross  and  Read.     Rev.  George  Ross  died  at  Newcastle,  Del.  in  1754. 


The  descent  of  Rev.  George  Ross,  of  New  Castle,  Delaware,  from  the 
ancient  Earls  of  Ross,  is  contained  in  the  following  abstract  (the  black-face 
figures  having  reference  to  the  Key  Chart  of  the  Ross  family  shown 
elsewhere)  : 

1.  Malcolm,  first  Earl  of  Ross.     (See  "Earls  of  Ross,"  page  1). 

2.  Ferquhard,  second  Earl  of  Ross.     He  had  — 

3.  William,  third  Earl  of  Ross,  who  married  Jean,  daughter  of  William 

Comyn,  Earl  of  Buchan,  by  whom  he  had  — 

4.  William,    fourth    Earl    of    Ross,    married    Euphemia    ,    and 

had  — 

5.  Hugh,  fifth  Earl  of  Ross,  married  (1308),  first,  Lady  Maude  Bruce, 

sister  of  the  King,  and,  secondly,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Sir  David 
Graham,  of  Old  Montrose.  The  Earldom  descended  to  Hugh's 
son  William  by  his  first  wife.     Hugh's  son  Hugh  became  — 

156  Rossiana. 

8.  Hugh  Ross,1  of  Rarichies,  first  Laird  of  Balnagown,  who  married 

Margaret  de  Barclay,  and  had  — 

9.  William,  second  of  Balnagown,  who  married  Christian,  daughter  of 

Lord  Livingstone.     Their  son  and  heir  was  — 

10.  Walter,   third   of   Balnagown.     He   married   Katherine,    daughter 

of  Paul  McTyre,  and  had  — 

11.  Hugh,  fourth  of  Balnagown,  who  married  Janet,  daughter  of  the 

Earl  of  Sutherland.  The  succession  of  Balnagown  passed  to 
their  son,  John,  fifth  of  Balnagown,  while  their  son  William, 
who  married  Greizel  McDonald,  became  the  father  of  — 
143.  Walter,2  first  of  Shandwick,  who  married  five  wives,  the  first  of 
whom,  Janet  Tulloch,  is  said  to  have  been  the  mother  of  his 
sons.  The  line  of  Shandwick  passed  to  Walter's  first  son, 
Donald,  who  became  second  of  Shandwick.  W'alter's  third  son 
became  — 

191.  Hugh.3  first  of  Balmachy,  or  Balla-Muckie.     His  son — 

192.  Donald,    second    of    Balmachy,    married     Margaret    Innes.     He 

had  — 

193.  Walter,  third  of  Balmachy,  who  married,  as  second  wife,  Jean 

Douglas.     He  had  — 

194.  Hugh,    fourth    of    Balmachy,    who    married    Katherine    Macleod, 

and  had  — 

195.  George,   fifth   of   Balmachy,   who   married    Margaret    McCulloch. 

The  line  of  Balmachy  passed  to  Walter,  their  eldest  son,  as 

sixth     of     Balmachy-       Andrew,     second     son     of     George, 

became  — 
197a.     Andrew,4   first  of  Balblair.     He  had  — 
197b.     David,    second   of   Balblair,    who   married    Margaret    Stronach, 

and   had   three   sons,   Andrew,   George   and   Hugh,   the   second 

of  whom  was  — 
197e.     Rev.  George  Ross,  of  New  Castle,  Delaware. 


The  following  autobiography  of  the  Rev.  George  Ross,  with  the  letter  pre- 
fixed to  it,  was  copied  in  1835,  by  William  Thompson  Read,  grandson  of 
George  Read,  the  "  Signer,"  from  an  ancient  manuscript  (itself  a  copy)  in 
the  possession  of  his  brother.  George  Read  (3d),  of  Delaware,  the  words 
contained  between  brackets,  thus  [  ],  having  been  supplied  by  him,  as 
suggested  by  the  context : 

Letter  from  Rev.  George  Ross  to  His  Son,  John  Ross,  Esq. 

My  very  good  son  —  You  have,  inclosed,  an  answer  to  your  repeated 
request,  wherein  you  may  observe  the  easy  and  regular  steps  [by  which] 
Providence  conducted  me  to  settle  in  this  country.     If  my  posterity  contract 

1See  "  Line  of   Balnagown,"  page  8. 
2See   "  Line   of  Shandwick,"   page  31. 
3See  "  Branch  of   Balmachy,"  page  40. 
4See  "  Branch   of   Balblair,"   page  44. 

Autobiography  of  Rev.  George  Ross.  157 

any  blemish,  it  must  be  from  themselves ;  no  original  gulf  can  be  imputed 
to  them.  It  is  well  the  rise  of  many  families  in  these  parts,  like  the  head 
of  the  Nile,  is  unknown,  and  their  glory  consists  in  their  obscurity.  It  is 
your  satisfaction  that  it  is  otherwise  with  you ;  your  escutcheon  is  without 
blot  or  stain.  Contend,  therefore,  for  the  honor  of  your  family  by  a  kind 
and  generous  behavior  toward  the  several  branches  of  it,  relieve  them  from 
contempt  by  your  beneficence,  and  put  them  above  the  world  by  exercising 
that  ability  towards  them  which  God  has  blessed  you  with,  which,  if  you 
do,  God  will  gather  you,  in  His  good  time,  to  your  honest  and  worthy 
progenitors.  I  have  a  quick  sense  of  your  filial  favors,  and  you  may  be 
assured,  dear  son,  that  I  am  your  most  obliged  and  affectionate  father, 

George  Ross. 
John  Ross,  Esquire. 


George  Ross,  Rector  [as  he  is  styled  in  his  presentation],  of  the  Church 
in  New  Castle,  was  second  son  that  came  to  man's  estate  of  David  Ross,  of 
Balblair,  a  gentleman  of  moderate  fortune,  but  of  great  integrity,  born  in 
the  north  of  Scotland,  in  the  Shire  of  Ross,  in  the  Parish  of  Tain  [near  the 
town  of  Tain],  about  four  or  five  miles  [from  that  part  of]  the  shire  between 
two  firths,  the  one  the  Firth  of  Murray,  and  the  other  the  Firth  of  Dornoch. 
The  land  lying  between  the  two  firths  terminates  in  a  noted  point  called 

He  was  put  to  school  very  early,  and  made  some  progress  in  the  Latin 
tongue  under  the  care  of  the  schoolmaster  [in  Tain],  and,  being  of  a 
promising  genius,  his  father  asked  him,  as  they  were  going  to  a  farm  a  little 
distance  from  home:  "What  would  he  be?"  To  which  he  answered:  "A 
scholar,"  young  as  he  was,  credonis  pcrationc.  "A  scholar  you  shall  be," 
replied  his  father.  When  he  was  about  fourteen  years  of  age  his  eldest 
brother  Andrew  requested  his  father  to  send  him  to  him  at  Edinburgh. 
Accordingly  he  was  sent,  but  for  the  first  twelve  months  little  to  his  advan- 
tage, for  instead  of  advancing  him  in  his  learning  he  made  him  attend  his 
office  and  write  from  morning  till  night,  often  without  his  dinner  —  to  his 
great  disappointment,  not  through  want  of  affection  to  his  brother  —  but 
hurry  of  business  and  much  company.  His  father,  being  informed  of  this 
low  or  no  education,  ordered  him  to  be  put  to  school  and  fitted  for  the 
university.  Andrew  lost  his  slave,  and  George  was  once  more  put  in  the  way 
of  being  a  scholar. 

He  took  his  degree  of  master  of  arts  in  Edinburgh  in  1700.  With  this 
feather  in  his  cap  he  returned  home  and  became  tutor  to  the  Lord  of  May, 
his  son,  for  which  [tutorship]  he  was  allowed  ten  pounds  sterling  per 
.annum  —  great  wages  in  that  part  of  the  world  and  at  that  time  of  day. 
[Having  some]  cash  of  his  own,  and  somewhat  anxious  to  see  Edinburgh 
again,  and  taking  [leave  of  his  father]  the  [last  time  he  ever  saw  him],  not 
without  some  coolness  on  the  son's  side,  for  that  the  father  did  not  add 
weight  enough  to  his  blessing,  as  the  son  expected  — and  even  at  that  time 
he  was  not  without  the  thought  of  foreign  countries.  I  say,  taking  leave  of 
his  father,  he  proceeded  on  his  journey  to  Edinburgh,  and  there  entered 
his  name  among  the  students  of  divinity,  worthy  Mr.  Meldrum  being  the 
professor.  There  was  great  hope  of  seeing  worthy  Mr.  George  mount  the 
Presbyterian   pulpit ;   but,   helas !    the   closer    he    applied    himself   to    reading, 

158  Rossiana. 

the  stronger  his  aversion  grew  to  the  party  then  uppermost  in  Scotland.  He 
observed  the  leading  men  of  that  side  to  be  some  conscientious  and  hypo- 
critical. He  could  not  digest  the  ministers'  odd  gestures,  grimaces,  dry 
mouths  and  screwed  faces  in  their  pulpits.  He  could  not  comply  with  their 
practices  even  to  save  him  from  want  of  bread.  Their  "  horrible  decretum 
[as  Calvin,  the  author  of  it,  calls  it]  of  reprobation,"  gave  him  a  surfeit 
of  their  principles,  and  as  to  their  church  government,  he  was  satisfied  it 
was  a  spurious  brat  [the  genuine  product  of  Core's  rebellion]  of  proud 
Presbyters  [revolting]  against  their  lawful  bishops. 

While  he  passed  among  the  students  for  an  orthodox  brother,  he  was 
diligently  informing  himself  of  the  principles  of  the  Church  of  England, 
which  [he]  approved  of  so  well  that  he  was  resolved,  as  soon  as  he  could 
find  encouragement,  to  set  out  for  England.  Mr.  Thomas  McKenzie,  Chap- 
lain to  the  Earl  of  Cromarty,  Secretary  of  State  for  Scotland,  was  then  at 
London,  to  whom  he  wrote  on  this  subject.  Mr.  McKenzie  [being  of  the 
same  way  of  thinking,  answered  that]  he  might  depend  upon  [being  pro- 
vided for]  during  the  war.  "  the  least,"  says  he,  "  you  can  expect."  Mr. 
McKenzie's  letter  he  communicated  to  his  brother,  who,  upon  mature  deliber- 
ation with  some  of  the  leading  men  of  the  Episcopal  party  in  Scotland, 
procured  him  a  bill  of  exch  inge  for  £18  us.  gd.  sterling.  Thus  strengthened 
and  provided,  and  honored  with  a  recommendation  from  the  Bishop  of 
Edinburgh,  then  ousted  by  the  revolution,  he  bid  adieu  to  his  native  country 
[after  suffering  much  in  the  flesh  by  college  diet  among  a  set  of  canting 
Pharisees]  and  went  to  London,  who  received  him  very  kindly  and  ordered 
him  to  attend  the  next  ordination,  at  which  he  and  his  friend,  McKenzie, 
with  several  other  candidates,  were  put  in  deacon's  orders.  This  happened 
nine  days  after  his  arrival  at  London,  which  proved  no  small  mortification 
to  the  [dominant]  party  in  Edinburgh  and  triumph  to  those  of  the  contrary 

He  was  soon  promoted  to  a  chaplaincy  of  eighty  pounds  sterling  [per 
annum]  on  board  a  man-of-war.  But  the  captain,  being  a  haughty  fellow, 
he  soon  grew  sick  of  that  station,  and  resolved  to  quit  it  as  soon  as  he  could 
be  provided  for.  Returning  to  London,  he  found  his  friend  McKenzie  making 
application  to  the  Society  for  Propagating  the  Gospel  in  Foreign  Parts,  then 
newly  incorporated,  for  a  mission.  He  was  easily  prevailed  [upon]  to  join 
him  in  so  commendable  a  design.  Upon  the  Society's  being  satisfied,  after 
full  trial  of  their  character  and  abilities,  they  were  both  admitted  mission- 
aries :  McKenzie  for  Staten  Island,  and  Ross  for  New  Castle,  who 
arrived  there  in  1703  [and  continued],  save  for  a  few  years,  when  he  removed 
for  his  health's  sake,  till  this  time,  being  in  his  seventy-third  year.  How  he 
behaved  is  known  from  the  constant  regard  [of  the  Society  for  him]. 

George  Ross. 







— ( 














































"3     *- 




1st— Rev. 


2d- Rev. 


8  II  s 


z     «  g  « 

03  (S 





Q  cs 

Si  II, 

00  W 


J  SI 



o   o 
O  o 

Descendants  of  Rev.  George  Ross.  159 


Rev.   George   Ross,   by   his  first   wife.  Joanna  Williams,  of  Rhode   Island, 
had  the  following  children  : 

Jl.     David,2  rector  of  St.  Peter's  Church  at  Albany,  N.  Y.,  where  he  had 

been    a    Church    of    England    Missionary.     He    married    

,  and  left  a  son,  John. 

2.  Margaret,  married,  first,  Rev.  Walter  Hackett,  Rector  at  Appoquin- 

ing,  who  was  born  in  Frasersburg,  in  Banff,  a  province  of  Scot- 
land, and  was  descended  from  the  ancient  and  respectable  family 
of  Hackett.  He  died  March  7,  1733,  aged  33  years.  His  tomb  is  in 
Emmanuel  Church  burying  ground,  near  the  monument  of  his 
mother-in-law,  Mrs.  George  Ross.  (See  monumental  inscription 
above.)  Margaret  Ross  married,  second,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Currie,  of 
Philadelphia.  She  was  born  in  1747;  died  20th  August,  1766. 
Had  issue. 

3.  Hon.  John  Ross,  Attorney-General  of  Delaware,  under  the  Crown, 

was  the  most  eminent  lawyer  of  his  day  in  Philadelphia.  Was 
baptized  at  Emmanuel  Church,  Newcastle,  Del.,  October  21,  1714; 
died  8th  May,  1776.  Hon.  John  Ross  married  Elizabeth  Morgan, 
daughter  of  Benjamin  Morgan,  gentleman,  of  Philadelphia,  De- 
cember 28.  1731,  at  Christ  Chureh,  Philadelphia.  She  died  7th 
October,  1776,  and  was  buried  in  St.  Paul's  Church,  Philadelphia. 
They  had  — 

(1.)     Elizabeth,  born  2d  May,  1740;  died  13th  August,  1741. 

(2.)     Margaret,  born ,  1747;  died  20th  August,  1766. 

(3-)     Catherine,  born  21st  July,  1748;  died  s.  p.  27th  August, 
1782,  having  married  Captain  Henry  Gurney,  an  officer 
in  the   British  army.      (The  above   dates  are   from   the 
Bible  of  John  Ross,  now  in  the  possession  of  General  J. 
Meredith  Read.) 
•*•     /Eneas,   rector  of  the  English  Church  at  Oxford,   Penn.,  became 
rector  of  Emmanuel  Church,  Newcastle,  in  1758;  baptized  there 
17th    October.    1716;    died   there   in    1782,   having   married   Sarah 
Leach,     by     whom     he    had    an     only    daughter,     Joanna,     who 
married,  by  license,   13th  October,    1775,   Captain   Thomas   Hol- 
land, an  English  officer,  killed  at  the  battle  of  Germantown,  s.  p. 
5-     Anne,  baptized  14th  August,  1719 ;  married  Jasper  Yeates,  and  had 

a  son,  John,  baptized  16th  May,  1798. 
6.     Jacob,  married  Jane  Sayre.     Their  children   were:    John,  baptized 
October  31,   1758,  aged  two  weeks;   James,  baptized   March  8, 
1 76 1,  aged  one  year  and  one  month. 

iThe   black   face   figures   refer   to    the    Chart   of   the    Descendants    of   Rev.    George    Ross, 

2The  Rev.  Walton  \V.  Battershall,  D.  D.,  the  present  rector  of  St.  Peter's  Church, 
however,  believes  that  he  was  not  the  rector  of  the  church,  but  took  the  place  of  the 
rector.  There  is  no  doubt  whatever  that  he  was  the  only  clergyman  in  charge  of  the 
church  at  the  time  of  his  death.     He  was,   like   his   father,   a  man   of  great  learning. 

160  Rossiana. 

Rev.  George  Ross,  by  his  second  wife,  Catherine  Van  Gezel,  had  seven 
children,  as  follows  : 

7.  Colonel   George   Ross    (born    1730;    died   July    16,    1779).    was    a 

signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence,  and  lived  in  Lan- 
caster. Pa.  He  married  Ann  Lawler,  a  Scotch  lady,  and  had 
three  children  —  George,  James  and  Mary.  (See  Descendants  of 
George  Ross,  the  "  Signer,"  post.) 

8.  Gertrude    (died   September,   1802)  ;   married,   first,   Isaac  Till,  and, 

secondly,  on  January  11.  1763,  Hon.  George  Read,  a  signer  of 
the  Declaration  of  Independence,  and  who  was  United  States 
Senator,  Chief  Justice  of  Delaware,  and  Judge  of  the  High 
Court  of  Admiralty.  He  was  born  in  Cecil  county.  Maryland, 
December  17,  1733,  and  was  descended  from  the  old  family  of 
Read  of  Ipsden,  in  Oxfordshire.  Gertrude  Ross,  by  George 
Read,  had  three  sons  —  George.  William  and  John.  (See 
Descendants  of  Colonel  John  Read,  post.) 

9.  Catherine      (died     1809)  ;     married     Brigadier-General     William 

Thompson,  one  of  Washington's  aides-de-camp.     Had  issue. 

10.  Elizabeth  ;  married  Colonel  Edward  Biddle,  June  26,  1761.     Had 


11.  Susanna;   married  Rev.   William  Thompson,  of  Maryland.     Had 


12.  Mary;  married  Mark  Bird.  January  6.  1763.     Had  issue. 

13.  James  ;  married  Eleanor .     Had  issue. 


Appended  is  a  list  of  Ross  portraits  known  to  be  in  existence.  The 
descriptions  were  written  many  years  ago  by  General  Meredith  Read,  who 
made  a  careful  study  of  each : 

1.  Rev.  George  Ross,  painted  in  wig.  gown  and  band,  seated  with  an  open 

volume  before  him,  doubtless  the  blessed  gospel  of  which  he  was  so 
able  and  faithful  a  minister.  The  face  is  oval,  eyes  hazel,  complexion 
florid,  features  regular  and  sufficiently  strong  to  indicate  the  intelli- 
gence and  energy  which  were  certainly  his.  without  the  occasional 
harshness  of  the  Scottish  physiognomy.  The  gravity  expressed  by  the 
countenance  seems  to  have  been  from  a  sense  of  the  sacredness  and 
dignity  of  his  profession,  superimposed  over  a  natural  hilarity  of 
temper  and  humorousness  which  lurk  under  it,  and  over  which  it 
with  difficulty  holds  the  mastery.  It  does  not  appear  by  this  picture 
when  and  by  whom  it  was  executed,  but,  as  it  represents  Mr.  Ross 
of  about  middle  age,  it  must  be  at  least  170  years  old.  It  is  in  a 
good  state  of  preservation  and  well  painted.  It  hangs  in  the  mansion 
of  Mrs.  Major  Reeves  and  Miss  Emily  Read  at  Newcastle,  Del. 

2.  Hon.    John    Ross,    son    of    Rev.    George    Ross.      This    portrait    is    a    fine 

specimen  of  the  work  of  Alexander,  a  famous  Scotch  artist,  who  made 
a  tour  through  the  Southern  States,  and  was  afterward  first  master 
of    Gilbert    Stuart.      It    represents    a    gentleman    of    full    face,    regular 

Note. —  The   portraits  of   Gertrude   Ross,    Hon.   John    Ross   and    Mrs.    Captain   Gurney 
are  now   (1908)   in  possession  of  the  author. 

Descendants  of  Rev.  George  Ross.  161 

features,  hazel  eyes,  black  velvet  costume,  with  a  full  bag  wig,  seated 
in  his  library  in  an  arm  chair  similar  to  those  which  were  in  the 
library  of  General  Meredith  Read.  This  portrait  bears  date  1766  and  is 
now  in  possession  of  General  Read. 

3.  Elizabeth  Morgan,  wife  of  Hon.  John  Ross  (b.  1714;  d.  Oct.  7,  1776,  aged 

62).  This  is  also  an  excellent  specimen  of  Alexander's  art,  the  lace 
and  hands  being  particularly  well  painted.  Mrs.  Ross  has  an  oval 
countenance,  with  regular  features,  dark  liquid  eyes  and  rich  com- 
plexion. This  portrait  bears  date  of  1766,  and  is  in  possession  of 
General  Meredith  Read. 

4.  Catherine   Ross    (b.   1748;   d.  Aug.   27.   1782.  aged  34),  daughter  of  Hon. 

John  Ross  and  wife  of  Captain  Gurney.  She  is  arrayed  in  a  white 
satin  court  dress  with  large  pearl  pendants,  and  was  painted  when 
she  was  quite  young.  She  is  thinking  perchance  of  her  birds,  her 
lover,  or  her  flowers,  and  unconsciously  touches  the  keys  of  the 
harpsichord  by  which  she  is  standing.  This  picture  and  the  preceding 
ones  were  hanging  in  the  family  mansion  in  Philadelphia  when  it 
was  occupied  by  British  officers  during  the  Revolution,  who  hung 
their  swords  upon  the  carved  frames  and  unintentionally  scraped, 
without  really  damaging,  the  canvas,  and  the  marks  are  to  be  seen 
to  this  day.  The  portrait  of  Mrs.  Gurney  hung  in  the  mansion  of 
the  late  Chief  Justice  John  Meredith  Read  at  Philadelphia,  over  the 
high  mantel-piece,  in  a  great  bedroom  occupied  by  his  young  son, 
afterwards  General  Meredith  Read.  On  one  occasion,  the  servant 
having  neglected  to  close  the  blinds,  and  a  terrific  thunderstorm  hav- 
ing arisen  in  the  night,  the  little  child  was  awakened  by  the  lightning 
playing  across  the  white  figure  on  the  canvas,  and  it  seemed  to  his 
frightened  imagination  that  this  relative,  so  long  dead,  was  stepping 
down  from  the  frame  and  advancing  toward  him.  The  impression 
remained  to  the  day  of  his  death.  This  portrait,  dated  1776,  is  also  in 
possession  of  General  Meredith  Read. 

5.  Gertrude    Ross,    wife    of    George    Read,    the    "  Signer."      Painted    by    an 

unknown  artist.  She  has  an  oval  face,  dark  eyes  and  blonde  hair, 
and  is  dressed  in  the  fashion  of  the  day,  a  rich  blue  brocade  costume, 
with  jeweled  ornaments.  This  portrait  was  formerly  in  possession  of 
General  Meredith  Read. 

6.  Margaretta   Ross,   daughter   of   Hon.   John   Ross.      The   portrait   shows   a 

comely  girl,  with  hair  as  dark  as  the  raven's  wing  and  eyes  of  the 
deepest  blue,  and  the  figure  points  to  an  urn  with  this  inscription, 
'*  Margaretta  Ross,  obiit  20  Aug.  1766.  Ae.  19.  Si  queris  animam 
meam,  respice  coelum  si  forman  en  est." 


Extracts  from  Letters  Relating  to  the  Descendants  of  Rev.  George  Ross. 

Mr.  Francis  Nevfle  Reid  wrote  to  his  distant  kinsman  through  the  Ross 
family.  General  Meredith  Read,  from  Minori,  per  Ravello,  Province  of 
Salerno.   Italy,  February'   12.   1892: 

"  I  am  writing  for  the  Scottish  Antiquary,  or  Northern  Notes  and  Queries, 
an  account  of  the  family  of  Ross,  and  the  families  descended  from  them. 
Among  these  families  is  Ross  of  Balblair,  your  ancestors. 

"  Mrs.  David  G.  Eshleman,  of  Newcastle,  Penn.,  has  greatly  helped  me. 
Thus,  the  descendants  of  the  second  marriage  of  George  Ross,  who  went 
to  Lancaster  in  1705,  are  all  in  the  pedigree,  where  your  name  appears.  Of 
the  first  marriage  of  George  Ross  with  Joanna  Williams  of  Rhode  Island, 
I  can  only  learn  that  there  were  nine  children,  of  whom  some  of  the  descend- 
ants are  living  in  Delaware.  I  am  anxious  to  obtain  some  information  about 
them,  especially  if  there  is  any  male  representative  of  this  branch." 


1 62  Rossi  a  11  a. 

General  Meredith  Read  replied  on  the  16th  February,  1892,  and,  among 
other  things,  said: 

"  As  to  the  descendants  of  the  first  marriage  of  George  Ross  with  Joanna 
Williams,  I  think  it  will  be  difficult  to  trace  many  of  them. 

"  Here  is  an  extract  from  the  family  bible  of  the  eldest,  the  Honourable 
John  Ross,  of  Philadelphia,  Attorney-General  under  the  Crown:  'John 
Ross,  Esquire,  of  Philadelphia,  son  of  the  Rev.  George  Ross,  rector  of  the 
Church  of  Newcastle,  on  Delaware,  was  solemnly  married  to  Mrs.  Elizabeth 
Morgan,  of  Philadelphia,  eldest  daughter  of  Mr.  Benjamin  Morgan,  of 
Philadelphia,  gentleman,  on  the  18th  day  of  December,  1735,  by  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Archibald  Cummings,  Commissary  and  Rector  of  Christ  Church.  Phila- 
delphia.'    Their  children  were: 

"  Elizabeth  Ross,  born  May  2,  1740:  died  August  13,   1741. 

"  Margaret  Ross,  born 25,  1747;  died  August  20,  1766. 

"  Catherine,  born  July  21,  1748:  died  August  27,  1782:  married  Henry 
Gurney,  Esquire,  of  Philadelphia,  late  of  the  British  Army,  who  served  in 
the  German  wars  in  the  middle  of  the  eighteenth  century. 

"  Captain  Gurney's  bookplate  is  in  the  family  bible  of  John  Ross,  Esquire, 
which  bible  was  published  at  Oxford,  by  John  Basket,  in  1727.  John  Ross, 
Esquire,  was  born  in  1714,  and  died  at  the  opening  of  the  American  Revolu- 
tion.    There  are  no  descendants  living." 

Mr.  Nevile  Reid  replied  on  the  23d  February,  1892: 

"•  I  am  exceedingly  obliged  to  you  for  the  kind  answer  to  my  letter,  and 
for  the  extracts  from  John  Ross'  bible.  On  a  separate  paper  I  note  what  I 
know  about  the  first  and  second  families  of  the  Rev.  George  Ross,  who  went 
to  Newcastle.  In  both  accounts  it  is  stated  that  John  Ross  married  Elizabeth 
Ashe,  whereas,  from  the  bible,  his  wife's  name  is  Elizabeth  Morgan,  which 
must  be  correct.  I  am  anxious  to  learn  whether  there  is  any  male  represen- 
tative of  the  first  marriage  of  the  Rev.  George  Ross.  Of  the  second  there  is 
but  one,  George  Ross,  an  old  man.  Unless  there  is  some  male  of  the  first 
family,  I  am  afraid  the  old  branch  of  Balblair.  like  so  many  of  the  Ross 
families,  will  soon  be  extinct. 

May  I  ask  you  two  other  favours:  will  you  give  me  your  descent,  and 
from  whom  is' General  Edward  Burd  Grubb  descended?  From  a  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  George  Ross,  who  married  the  Rev.  W.  Thompson,  of  Mary- 
land? Balblair  descends  from  Balmachy.  or  Ballamuckie,  this  from  Shand- 
wick,  and  this  from  Balnagown.  I  descend  from  Mary  Ross  of  Shandwick, 
from  whom  this  property  came  into  my  family,  and  is  now  owned  by  my 
nephew,  my  elder  brother's  son. 

With  regard  to  the  family  name  of  Stronach,  it  seems  to  be  the  same  as 
the  word  Stron-'each  (Stronfitheach)." 

In  Black's  Guide  to  Scotland,  page  561,  we  find  the  following: 

"  Shieldaig  derives  a  considerable  amount  of  natural  beauty  from  the 
charming  wooded  isle  which  lies  in  the  bay,  the  strange  looking  craig  of 
Stron-'each  (Stronfitheach).  so  named  from  its  resemblance  to  the  beak  of 
the  raven,  at  the  base  of  which  the  village  is  situated,  and  the  distant  table- 
land of  Gairloch  stretching  out  into  the  sea. 

Edmund  H.  Bell,  of  Philadelphia,  to  General  Meredith  Read. 

Chestnut  Hill,  Philada,  Nov.  28th,  1893. 
My  dear  Sir: — 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  valued  favor  of  7th  inst.  and  your 
kindness  tempts  me  to  trespass  further  on  your  time.  I  think  I  have  suc- 
ceeded in  locating  the  thirteen  children  of  Rev.  George  Ross,  and  some  of 
their  children,  but  as  to  their  ages  and  relative  position  I  am  considerably 
puzzled,  as  I  cannot  get  dates  of  birth.  I  am  inclined  to  arrange  them  as 

Descendants  of  Rev.  George  Ross.  163 

Children  of  Rev.  George  Ross  and  Joanna  Williams. 

1.  David:  b.  .  d. .  m.  .     Had  issue. 

2.  Margaret:    b.  ,  d.  ;  m..  1st.  Rev.  Walter  Hackett:  m.,  2nd, 

Rev.  William  Currie.     Had  issue. 

3.  John:    b.  1714:  d.  May  8th.  1776;  m.  Dec.  28th.  1735.  Elizabeth  Morgan. 
Had  issue. 

4.  Aeneas:    b.   Sept.    17th.   1716;   d.   bet.   9th   and  29th   of  April,    1783;   m. 
Jany.  3,   1745,  Sarah  Leech.     Had  issue. 

5.  Anne:    b.  1719:  d.  ;  m.  ,  Jasper  Yeates. 

6.  Jacob:    b.  ,  d.  ;   m.    April    10th.    1755,   Jane   Sayre.     Had 


Children  of  Rev.  George  Ross  and  Catherine   J 'an   Gezel.1 

7.  George:  b.  1730:  d.  July  16th,  1779;  m.  Aug.  17th,  1751,  Ann  Lawler. 
Had  issue. 

8.  Gertrude:    b.  .   d.   Sept..   1802:   m.,    1st,  ,   I.   Till;   m.,   2nd, 

Jany.    nth.    1763.   George   Read.     Had  issue. 

9.  Catharine:  b.  ,  d.  Dec,  1809:  m.  ,  Genl.  William  Thomp- 
son.    Had  issue. 

10.  Elizabeth:    b.  ,  d.  ;  m.  June  26th,  1761,  Col.  Edw.  Biddle. 

Had  issue. 

11.  Susanna:    b.  .   d.  ;   m.  ,   Rev.   William   Thompson. 

Had  issue. 

12.  Mary:  b. ,  d. :  m.  Jany.  6th.  1763,  Mark  Bird.     Had  issue. 

13.  James:    b.  ,  d.  ;  m.  Eleanor.     Had  issue. 

George,  Gertrude  and  Catharine,  I  am  sure,  were  the  children  of  Catharine 
Van  Gezel,  and  I  believe  Elizabeth  and  Mary  were,  but  I  don't  feel  sure  about 
either  Susanna  or  James,  although  some  information  I  have  indicates  they 
were.  You  will  note  the  order  in  which  I  have  placed  the  children  of 
Joanna  Williams,  and,  as  this  does  not  exactly  agree  with  your  views  as 
expressed  in  your  letter  to  Mr.  Francis  Nevile  Reid,  permit  me  to  explain 
my  reasons  : 

First.  Mr.  William  T.  Read,  in  his  "  Life  of  George  Read,"  page  62,  in 
referring  to  portrait  No.  10,  says  :  "  John,  son  of  Mr.  Ross'  eldest  son  David." 

Second.  We  know  from  records  of  Immanuel  Church,  John',  son  of  Rev. 
George  Ross,  was  baptized  as  an  infant  Oct.  21st,  1714,  and  that  Aenaes 
was  born  Sept.  17th,  1716,  an  interval  of  less  than  two  years,  and  it  is,  there- 
fore, most  unlikely  a  child  was  born  between. 

Third.     David  was  the  name  of  Rev.   George  Ross's   father,   and  it  is   fair 
to  presume  he  named  his  first  son  after  him. 
As  to  Margaret : 

Her  first  husband,  Walter  Hackett,  according  to  records  of  Immanuel 
Church,  died  March.  7th,  1793,  leaving  her  a  widow  with  two  children,  and 
she  must  certainly  at  that  time  have  been  20  years  old,  which  would  make 
her  birth  antedate  John's. 

Mr.    Francis   Xevile    Reid,   in   one   of   his   letters,   gave   the   name   of   Rev. 
George    Ross's    mother   as    Margaret    Stronack,    so    that    he    called    his    first 
daughter  after  his  mother. 
Dr.  Jacob  Ross  : 

Appears  in  the  records  of  Immanuel  Church,  in  1758,  as  a  vestryman, 
and.  I  conclude,  must  have  been  at  this  time  well  past  his  youth.  Joanna 
Williams  is  said  to  have  had  a  brother,  Jacob,  another  reason  for  thinking 
Jacob  her  son. 

Jacob  Ross  was  a  practicing  physician  as  early  as  1752.  (See  letter 
of  Rev   George  Ross  to  I.  Till,  "  Life  of  George  Read,"  p.  60.) 

'Van  Gezel  Arms  —  Azure  three  boys'  heads  affrontee  proper,  on  the  head  of  each  a 
cap  argen*.     Crest  —  A   head  as  in  the  arms  between   two  wings  displayed  azure. 

164  Rossiana. 

Will  you  do  me  the  favor  to  inform  me  what  you  think  of  my  deductions 
and  supply  any  dates,  etc.,  you  have  which  will  assist  in  completing  my 
record.  I  have  now.  I  think,  a  complete  list  of  the  children  of  the  following 
of  the  Rosses :  John.  George.  Catharine  and  Elizabeth.  I  have  children  of 
Gertrude  by  George  Read,  but  do  not  know  if  she  had  children  by  Till,  her 
first  husband,  or  not.  I  have  an  account  of  three  children  of  James,  one  of 
Mary,  one  of  Susanna,  two  of  Margaret  (without  their  names),  four  of 
Aeneas,  one  of  David  and  two  of  Jacob.  As  to  Anne,  I  know  nothing 
beyond  the  fact  she  is  said  to  have  married  John  Yeates.  This  letter  will 
give  you  some  idea  of  the  present  condition  of  my  work,  and.  if  it  contains 
any  information  not  before  in  your  possession,  I  am  most  happy  to  have 
been  of  some  service. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

Edmund  H.  Bell. 

To  Gen.  John  Meredith  Read,  Paris.  France. 


The  appended  document,  fn  a  handwriting  unknown  to  the  author,  is  to  be 
found  among  the  Read  archives  in  the  Ross  book.  It  is  inserted  here,  as  there 
are  many  things  of  interest  given  in  it: 

[From  Notes  sent  me  by  Gen.  Read.] 

.Miss  Katherine  van  Gezel,  a  descendant  of  Gerrit  van  Gezel,  nephew  of 
Governor  Alrichs,  who  on  the  rst  March.  1057,  embarked  tor  New  Amster- 
dam; igth  December,  1656,  the  Directors  of  the  W.  India  Comp.  transferred 
to  the  Burgomaster  of  Amsterdam  all  the  land  from  Christian  Creek  to 
Bombay  Hook. 

'1  lie  tracing  of  the  signature  of  David  Ross  is  from  a  family  Bible 
published  1696. 

In  1760  Honorable  John  Ross  was  one  of  the  founders  of  St.  Paul's  church, 
Philadelphia,  and  is  buried  in  it. 

Mrs.   Marcia  G.  Ross,  widow  of  David   Ross,  grandson  of  Rev.  George. 

John  Ross,  son  of  Rev.  George,  was  baptized  October  21,  1714.  (Register, 
Emmanuel  Church,  Newcastle,  Delaware.) 

Rev.  George  Ross  was  second  son  who  grew  up  of  David  Ross  of  Balblair 
and  Margaret  his  wife. 

John  Ross  died  May  5.  1776,  aged  61  ;  his  wife,  October  7,  1776,  aged  62. 

Catherine,  wife  of  Captain  Gurney,  died  August  27,  1782,  aged  34. 

Rev.  David  Ross,  missionary  of  the  Church  of  England,  Albany,  New 
York,  died  there  ;  he  had  a  son,  John. 

In   the   Register  of   Marriages,   Emmanuel   Church,   appears  the   following: 

George   Read,  ,   1763,  to   Gertrude,   daughter  of   Rev.  George  Ross,  by 

his   second  wife. 

George  Ross,  the  "  Signer,"  had  a  son,  Colonel  James. 

Rev.  William  Thomson,  of  Maryland,  married  a  daughter  of  Mr.  George 
Ross  by  his  second  wife. 

Rev.  Aeneas  Ross,  son  of  Rev.  George  Ross,  was  rector  of  the  English 
church  at  Oxford,  Pa. ;  was  appointed  rector  of  Emmanuel  Church,  Newcastle, 
in   1758,  and  died  there  in   1782. 

Hon.   George  Ross,  Royal  Attorney-General.  165 

Query  Answered. 
Query — -George  Ross,  who  signed  the  Declaration  of  American  Independ- 
ence;  wanted  to  know  if  he  was  married,  and  if  so,  did  he  leave  any  issue? 
Belher,  John  Bridges. 

Answer — My  mother  was  the  granddaughter  of  George  Ross,  who  mar- 
ried Ann  Lawler,  a  Scotch  lady.  There  is  but  one  male  descendant  living  of 
the  name,  my  first  cousin,  George  Ross,  whose  only  son  was  killed  in  the  late 
Southern  Rebellion.  His  sister,  Miss  Mary  Ross,  a  maiden,  lady,  is  living  in 
Philadelphia.  The  grandfather  of  George  Ross  was  David  Ross,  of  Ross- 
shire,  in  the  North  of  Scotland,  would  like  much  to  know  if  any  of  the  Scotch 
branch  of  the  Ross  family  are  living. 

(Signed)  Mrs.  David  G.  Eshleman, 

Lancaster,  Pennsylvania. 

Answer  —  George  Ross,  one  of  the  signers  of  the  American  Declaration  of 
Independence,  resided  in  Lancaster,  Pa.  According  to  Harris'  Biographical 
History  of  Lancaster,  Pa.,  he  was  married  to  Ann  Lawler,  who  is,  said  to  have 
been  a  lady  of  most  respectable  family.  One  of  the  sons,  George  Ross, 
Junior,  was,  from  1788  to  1790,  Vice-President  of  the  Supreme  Executive 
Council  of  Pennsylvania.  Another  son,  James  Ross,  was  an  officer  in  the 
American  Revolution  and  subsequently  judge  in  Louisiana.  The  Ross  family 
is  now  nearly  extinct,  being  limited,  I  am  informed,  to  a  brother  and  sister, 
both  unmarried,  who  reside  in  Philadelphia.  There  are  several  families  in 
Lancaster  who  are  descended  from  George  Ross  in  the  maternal  line. 

Lancaster,   Pennsylvania, 

Jos.  Henry  Dubbs,  D.  D. 


Hon.  John  Ross  was  a  son  of  Rev.  George  Ross  by  his  first  wife,  Joanna 
Williams,  of  Rhode  Island,  and  was  thus  half  brother  of  George  Ross,  the 
"  Signer."  He  was  born  at  Newcastle,  Del.,  in  1714,  and  died  in  Philadelphia, 
May  8,  1776.  He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1735,  and  rose  so  rapidly  in 
his  profession  that  in  1743  he  was  the  chief  rival  of  A/wwrftter  Hamilton 
before  the  Pennsylvania  courts.  In  1744  he  engaged  in  the  manufacture 
of  pig  iron  in  Berks  county,  his  interest  continuing  in  the  business  until 
his  death.  He  took  part  in  the  organization  of  St.  Paul's  Episcopal  church 
in  1760,  and  became  its  first  warden.  In  1759,  with  others,  he  was  consulted 
by  the  governor  and  council  in  relation  to  a  law  for  recording  warrants  and 
surveys,  and  thus  render  the  title  to   real  estate  more  secure. 

Alexander  Graydon  says :  "  Mr.  John  Ross,  who  loved  ease  and  Madeira 
much  better  than  liberty  and  strife,  declared  for  neutrality,  saying  that, 
'let  who  would  be  king,  he  well  knew  that  he  should  be  subject.'" 

John  Adams,  in  his  diary  (September  25,  1775),  speaks  of  him  as  "a 
lawyer  of  great  eloquence  and  heretofore  of  extensive  practice,  a  great  Tory, 
but  now  they  say  beginning  to  be  converted." 

Hon.  John  Ross  was  a  friend  and  correspondent  of  Benjamin  Franklin, 
and  an  early  member  of  the  American   Philosophical   Society.     His   portrait 

1 66 


was  in  the  possession  of  General  Meredith  Read,  and  now  hangs  in  the 
drawing-room  of  the  author's  home.  It  represents  him  sitting  in  his  library. 
He  was  a  large  man  of  florid  complexion  and  vigorous  constitution.  This 
portrait,  dated  1766,  was  by  Alexander,  who  came  to  this  country  about  the 
middle  of  the  18th  century,  and  while  at  Newport,  seeing  there  a  youth,  Gil- 
bert Stuart,  and  finding  him  endowed  with  great  talent,  took  him  with  him 
upon  his  southern  tour  during  which  this  and  other  family  portraits  formerly 
in  the  possession  of  General  Meredith  Read  were  painted.  There  is  also  a 
most  admirable  portrait  of  Mrs.  John  Ross  and  one  of  her  daughter  Cath- 
erine, wife  of  Captain  Henry  Gurney  of  the  British  Army,  all  painted  in  the 

Hon.    I. .iin    Ross   (1714-1776), 


same  year.  One  evidence  of  a  great  artist  is  the  beautiful  modeling  of  the 
hands,  and  in  each  i>\  these  portraits  the  hands  are  exquisitely  painted.  Mrs. 
Gurney  is  standing  with  her  hand  upon  the  keys  of  a  spinnet,  in  a  white 
court  dress  with  a  crimson  mantle. 

Entries    in    the    Family    Bible  of  the   Hon.   John    Ross. 

Hon.  John  Ross's  family  Bible,  which  is  still  in  existence,  was  published 
at  Oxford  by  John  Baskett.  in   IJ2J.     It  contains  the   following  entries: 

"  Be  it  remembered  that  John  Ross.  Esq.,  of  PhiK  counsellor-at-law,  son 
of  the  Rev.  George  Ross.  Rector  of  the  Church  at  XewCastle-on-Delaware. 
was    solemnly   married   to    Mrs.    Elizabeth    Morgan    of   PhiK    eldest    dan.    to 

Descendants  of  George  Ross,  the  "  Signer." 


Mr.  Benjamin  Morgan  of  Philadelphia,  gentleman,  on  the  18"  day  of  Dec. 
anno  domini  1735,  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Archibald  Cummings.  Commissary  and 
Rector  of  Christ  Church.  Phila.  Their  children  were :  Elizabeth  Ross,  b. 
2  May  1740,  d.  13"  Aug.  1741.  Margaret  Ross.  b.  25  May  1747.  d.  20  Aug. 
1766.  Catherine  Ross.  b.  21  July  1748,  d.  27  Aug.  1782,  m.  Henry  Gurney, 
Esq.,  late  Capt.  in  the  British  Army,"  who  took  part  in  the  Seven  Years'  War. 
The  arms  of  Captain  Gurney  are  also  contained  in  the  Bible :  A  paley  of 
six  or  and  az ;   crest,   a   lion's   head   erased  or ;   in   the   centre  an   escutcheon 


£<i&urn*r^i: , 

Bookplate    of    Hon.    John    Ross    (1714-1 /Til). 
Royal    Attornev-General. 

of  pretense,  bearing  the  arms  of  his  wife,  Catherine  Ross  —  Gules  three  lions 
rampant   argent. 

John  Ross  used  the  crest  of  Balnagown  and  the  motto,  "  Spem  Suc- 
cessus  Alit."  instead  of  the  crest  of  Shandwick  and  Balblair  —  a  lion  rampant 
gules  armed  and  langued  sable,  and  the  motto.  "  Nobilis  Est  Ira  Leonis  "  — 
used  by  his  own  father  and  grandfather.  No  reason  has  ever  been  given 
for  this  unless  it  was  that  he  regarded  the  Balnagown  crest  and  motto 
older  than  that  of  Balblair.     The  original  bookplate  was  made  by  J.  Turner. 

Mr.  Ross  had  a  large  and  valuable  library,  and  each  of  his  books  contained 
one   of  these  bookplates. 

Descendants  of  George  Ross,  the  "  Signer 



George  Ross,  a   signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence,   was   a  son  of 
Rev.  George  Ross  by  Catherine  Van  Gezel,  his  second  wife.     He  was  born 
in  Newcastle,  Del.,  in   1730,  and  died  in  Lancaster,  Pa.,  in  July,   1779.     At 
the  age  of  18  he  began  the  study  of  law,  and  on  his  admission  to  the  bar, 
in    1751,    settled    at    Lancaster.      He    was    a    member    of    the    Pennsylvania 
Assembly  in   1768-70,  and  was  appointed  by  the  convention  that  assembled, 
after  the  dissolution  of  the  proprietary  government,  to  prepare  a  declaration 
of  rights.     Mr.  Ross  was  elected  to  the  first  General  Congress  at  Philadel- 
phia in   1774,  and  continued  to  represent  his  state  until  June,   1777.     Owing 
to    failing    health,    he    resigned    his 
seat   in   that   year,    on   which   occa- 
sion the  citizens  of  Lancaster  voted 
him    a    piece    of   plate    worth    £150, 
which    he    declined    on    the    ground 
that    "  it    was    the    duty    of    every 
man.    especially   of   every    represen- 
tative  of   the   people,   to   contribute 
by    every   means    within    his    power 
to     the     welfare     of    his     country 
without     expecting     pecuniary     re- 

On  first  entering  Congress  Mr. 
Ross  was  appointed  by  the  Legis- 
lature to  report  to  that  body  a  set 
of  instructions  by  which  his  con- 
duct and  that  of  his  colleagues 
were  to  be  guided.  He  was 
among  the  foremost  leaders  in  the 
Provincial  Legislature  in  en- 
couraging measures  for  the  defense 
of  Pennsylvania  against  British 
Aggression.  In  1775,  Governor 
Penn  having  written  a  message 
deprecating  any  defensive  measures 
on  the  part  of  the  colonies, 
Mr.  Ross  drew  up  a  forceful  reply,  and  later  was  the  author  of  the  report 
urging  vigorous  action  for  putting  Philadelphia  in  a  posture  of  defense.  He 
was  appointed  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Admiralty  for  Pennsylvania,  April  14, 
1779,  which  post  he  filled  until  his  death  three  months  later. 

Judge  Ross  possessed  a  benevolent  disposition  which  often  led  him  to 
espouse  the  cause  of  the  Indians  in  their  efforts  to  prevent  the  frauds  prac- 
ticed on  them  by  the  whites.  As  a  lawyer  he  was  early  classed  among  the 
leaders  of  the  profession,  and  as  a  judge  he  was  learned,  conscientious  and 
upright,  and  remarkable  for  the  celerity  and  rapidity  with  which  he  disposed 
of  business. 

George  Ross,  the  "  Signer,"  married  Ann  Lawler,  a  Scotch  lady,  by  whom 
he  had,   according   to   the   Ross   Bible,  three  children.      (See   below.) 


wfii!  -E 

Residence   of   Hon.    George   Ross,    the 
"  Signer,"  at  Lancaster,  Pa. 

I/O  Rossi  a  11  a. 

George  Ross  Eshleman,  Esq.,  of  Lancaster,  Pa.,  a  descendant  in  the  female 
line  of  George  Ross,  the  "  Signer,"  who  lias  in  his  possession  the  Ross 
family  Bible,  wrote  as  follows  to  the  author  and  compiler,  in  answer  to  an 
inquiry  as  to  the  descendants  of  George  Ross : 

Lancaster,  Pa.,  Aug.  19,  1907. 
My  Dear  Kinsman: 

I  have  just  returned  from  my  summer  outing  and  find  that  your  letter  has 
been  awaiting  my  return  for  nearly  two  weeks.  I  enclose  a  genealogy  of 
the  descendants  of  George  Ross,  taken  mainly  from  the  Ross  Bible,  of 
which  you  can  use  as  much  as  you  care  to.     *     *     * 

I  am,  affectionately. 

Your  cousin, 

George  Ross  Eshleman. 

From  the  information  given  by  Mr.  Eshleman  the  following  descent  from 
George  Ross,  the  "Signer,"  has  been  compiled,  and  is  much  more  complete 
than  that  which  had  been  prepared  from  data  previously  at  hand: 

Descendants   of   George   Ross,  the  "  Signer." 
Colonel  George  Ross,  the  "Signer,"  was  a   son   of   Rev.   George   Ross  by 
his    second   wife.    Catherine    Van   (ie/el.      Me    married    Ann    Lawler.   a   Scotch 
lady,  and  had  — 

i-     George.      (See   below.) 

2.  James    (born    November   28.    1753;    died   in    Louisiana.    August   20, 

1809,  without  issue  ). 

3.  Alary    (born   December  3.    17(15;   married  James  Wilson). 

1-  George  Ross  (born  June  1.  1752;  died  November  13.  1832)  married 
Mary  Bird  (born  December  23,  1754;  died  January  -'4.  1813),  daughter  ><i 
Colonel  William  Bird,  of  Birdsboro,  Berks  Co.,  Pa.,  April  3,  1775  They  had 
nine  children  — 

4.  Ann.      (  See  bel<  >\\ .  1 

5.  Patton    (horn    March    13.    177S),  married   Elizabeth   Witmer,   June 

15.    [805.     No  children. 

6.  William    Bird     (born    April    6.     [7X.2;    died    February     [3,     1828). 


In  the  record  of  the  Iowa  Sons  of  the  American  Revolution,  published  in  the  "Year 
Book  of  the  Societies  Composed  of  Descendants  of  the  Men  of  the  Revolution"  (1890), 
appears   the   following   entry: 

Huitt  Ross,  Stratford.  Hamilton  county  —  Great  grandson  of  George  Ross,  ot 
Delaware,  Signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence.  On  the  maternal  side,  great 
grandson  of  Stephen  Hopkins,  of  Rhode  Island.  Signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independ- 
ence. Mr.  Ross's  grandfather,  Huitt  Ross,  was  wounded  at  the  battle  of  Maumee, 
under  "  Mad  "  Anthony  Wayne.  His  father.  Thomas  Ross,  fought  at  Tippecanoe  under 
Genera]  William  Henry  Harrison.  He  was  himself  with  General  Zachary  Taylor  at 
Palo  Alto,  Mexico,  and  Monterey;  and  then  with  General  Winfield  Scott  at  the  capture 
of  the  City  of  Mexico,  while  a  son  marched  with  Sherman  to  the  sea  in  the  Sixteenth 
Iowa    Regiment. 

If    this    statement    is    correct,    George    Ross,    the    Signer,    must    have    had    a    son    Huitt. 

The    Ross    Bible,    however,    contains    no    mention    of    this    son,    and    Mr.    Eshleman    does 

not    include    the    name    in    his    chart    of    George    Ross'    descendants,    in    which    he    makes 

the     late     Mary     Elizabeth     Ross,     daughter    of     Ceorge    W.     Ross,     the     last     descendant 

bearing  the   name  of   Ross,   though   he   does    state   that    George    Ross,    son   of   George   \\  ., 

left   descendants    in    <  Ihio,    Indiana,    Michigan,    etc.,    but    whether    those    descendants    bore 

the  name   of    Ross   is   uncertain. 

Rossi  ana.  171 

7.  Gertrude  Read  (born  January  20,  1785;  died  May,  1786). 

8.  George  Washington      (See  below.) 

9.  Thomas   Rufflin    (born   November   12,   1791  ;   died   April    17,    181 1). 

No  children. 
10.     Robert    Coleman    (born   December    20,    1793;    died   June    I,    1818). 

No  children. 
11-     Caroline.     (See  below.) 

12.  Eliza  Juliana.     (See  below.) 

4.     Ann   Ross    (born   January   5.    1774;    died   December   9,    1816)    married 
James  Hopkins,  June  21,   1791.     They  had  — 

13.  Washington. 

14.  William. 

15.  George. 

16.  James  M.     (See  below.) 

17.  Ann.     (See  below.) 

8.  George  Washington  Ross  (born  April  24,  1788)  married  Alary  Witmer, 
December,  1812.     They  had  — 

18.  George  (born  April  4,  1817).     Left  descendants  in  Ohio,  Indiana. 

Michigan,  etc. 

19.  Mary  Eliza  (born  March  31,  1814;  died  November  19,  1906).     Last 

descendant  of  George  Ross,  the  "  Signer,''  of  the  name  of  Ross. 

11.  Caroline  Ross  (born  February  15,  1796)  married  Samuel  D.  Orrick, 
May  31,  1821.     They  had  — 

20.  John   Newton.      (See  below.) 

12.  Eliza  Juliana  Ross  (born  October  25,  1797;  died  April  8,  1871)  mar 
ried  Dr.  Abraham  Carpenter,  a  Lancaster  physician.  July  2~,  1814.  He  died 
July  27,  1840.     They  had  — 

21.  Caroline  Orrick.     (See  below.) 

16.  James  M.   Hopkins  was  married  and  had  — 

22.  William... 

23.  Henry  C.      (See  below.) 

17.  Ann  Hopkins  married  Newton  Lightner,  Esq.,  of  Lancaster,  Pa. 
They  had  — 

24.  James   (unmarried),  living  at  Lancaster. 

20.  John  Newton  Orrick   (born  June  24,   1828)   married  Lizzie  . 

and  had  — 

25.  Caroline   (unmarried),  who  lives  in  New  York  city. 

21.  Caroline  Orrick  Carpenter  (born  November  5,  1828;  died  April  11. 
1906)  married  David  G.  Eshleman,  November  14,  1848.  He  died  April  30, 
1895.     They  had  — 

26.  Anna  Julia.      (See  below.) 

27.  Eliza  Ross.     (See  below.) 

28.  Harriette  Borrows   (born  October  1,  1856),  married  E.  C.  Stimson, 

June  4,   1879,  and  now  lives  in  Denver,  Col.     No  children. 

29.  George    Ross     (born     September"   30.     1864),     married     Elizabeth, 

daughter  of  S.  S.  Spencer,  of  Lancaster,  Pa..  June  1,  1893.     No 

Hon.   George  Ross,   the  "Signer"   (1730-1779),  from  a  portrait,  painted  at  an  early 
now  in  possession  of  Mrs.  John  H.  Rodney,  Newcastle,  Del. 

Descendants  of  George  Ross,  the  "  Signer."  173 

23.  Henry  C.  Hopkins  was  one  of  a  family  of  twelve  children.  He  was 
married,  and  had  — 

30.  Henry  C,  who  had  eleven  children. 

31.  Ralph. 

32.  Isabel. 

26.  Anna  Julia  Eshleman  (born  October  20,  1849;  died  October  24,  1879), 
married  John  H.  McMurdy,  Alay  28,  1872.  He  died  June  5,  1875.  They 
had  — 

33.  John    H.,    who    married    Mary    Frances    Kaufman.      No    children. 

Address,  72  Broadway,  New  York  city. 

27.  Eliza  Ross  Eshlem?n  (born  August  13,  1853),  married  Frank  M. 
Taylor,  November  28,  1876,  and  now  lives  in  Denver,  Col.     They  had  — 

34.  David  Paul  (born  Aprii  7,  1881).     Unmarried. 

The  following  articles  are  in  possession  of  George  Ross  Eshleman,  Esq. :    _ 
Portraits   of  George   Ross   and  Ann   Ross,"  his   wife,  painted  by   Benjamin 


Miniature  of  John  Ross   (brother  of  George  Ross,  the  "  Signer  ")    and  his 


Solid  silver  tankard  engraved  with  the  Ross  coat-of-arms. 

Silver  cream  pitcher  of  George  Ross,  the  "  Signer." 

Bible  of  George  Ross,  the  "  Signer,"  containing  family  records. 


Hon.  John  Ross  was  a  Staunch  Tory  Alive  or  Dead. —  Warned  all 
Patriots  to  Repent. —  Dr.  Kearsley's  Weird  Tale  of  the  Royalist's 
Wraith  Which  Left  With  Him  a  Document  and  Ring. —  Ghostly 

DR.  JOHN  KEARSLEY  was  one  of  the  most  prominent  Philadelphians 
of  his  day.  He  was  a  gentleman  of  large  fortune  and  great  learning.  At 
the  era  of  the  Revolution,  Dr.  Kearsley,  though  otherwise  a  citizen  of 
good  character  and  standing,  became  exposed  to  the  scoffs  and  insults  of  the 
people  by  his  ardent  loyalism.  As  be  was  naturally  impetuous  in  his  temper, 
he  gave  much  umbrage  to  the  Whigs  of  the  day  by  his  rash  expressions.  It 
was  intended,  therefore,  to  sober  his  feelings  by  the  argument  of  tar  and 
feathers.  He  was  seized  at  his  own  door  in  Front  street,  a  little  below  High 
street,  Philadelphia,  by  a  party  of  militia,  and  in  his  attempt  to  resist  them 
received  a  bayonet  wound  in  his  hand.  Mr.  Graydon  has  told  the  sequel 
He  was  forced  into  a  cart,  and  amidst  a  multitude  of  boys  and  idlers, 
paraded  through  the  streets  to  the  tune  of  the  "  Rogue's  March."  The  con- 
course brought  him  before  the  coffee  house,  where  they  halted,  the  doctor 
foaming  with  indignation  and  rage,  without  a  hat,  his  wig  dishevelled  and 
himself  bloody  with  his  wounded  hand,  stood  up  in  the  cart  and  called  for 
a  bowl  of  punch  —  when  so  vehement  was  his  thirst  he  swallowed  it  all 
before  he  took  it  from  his  lips.  "  I  was  shocked,"  says  Graydon,  "  at  the 
spectacle,  thus  to  see  a  lately  respectable  citizen  so  vilified.  It  is  grateful 
to  add,  however,  that  they  proceeded  to  no  further  violence,  thus  proving 
that  a  Philadelphia  mob  has  some  sense  of  restraint.  To  prevent  further 
injury,  the  leaders  of  the  patriot  cause  in  Philadelphia  bad  him  sentenced 
to  be  imprisoned  for  a  limited  time  in  the  back  counties  of  Pennsylvania 
for  high  crimes  against  his  country. 

Dr.  Kearsley  had  as  his  most  intimate  friend  one  of  the  most  noted 
lawyers  in  this  country,  for  many  years  Royal  Attorney-General,  Hon.  John 
Ross.  Mr.  Ross  was  a  man  of  very  large  fortune  for  his  day,  and  lived  in 
very  fine  style.  His  country  seat,  Tusculum,  was  one  of  the  most  beautiful 
plate,  his  servants  and  liveries  were  noted.  His  wines  and  his  dinners 
plate,  his  servants  and  liveries  were  noted.  His  wines  and  his  dinners 
were  believed  to  be  the  best  in  America.  Dr.  Kearsley  was  a  frequent 
guest  at  the  home  of  Mr.  Ross,  and  on  one  of  these  occasions  the  two  old 
friends  had  been  talking  of  death  and  the  next  world,  and  they  came  to  an 
agreement  that  the  first  to  die  would  come  back  to  this  world  and  make 
himself  known  to  the  other  to  show  that  another  world  existed. 

'This    story   was   printed   in   The  Argus,    Albany,    N.    Y.,    Sunday    morning,    March    20, 
1904.—  H.   P.   R. 

Ghost  Story  of  the  Revolution.  175 

Back  From  the  Dead. 

John  Ross  died  before  the  Revolution  closed  in  177O.  'Much  effort  had 
been  wasted  to  make  him  join  the  patriots,  but  all  in  vain,  he  stating  that 
he  well  knew  that  no  matter  who  was  king  he  would  always  be  the  subject. 
On  the  night  of  the  20th  of  January,  1777,  Dr.  Kearsley  saw  his  friend  who 
had  come  back  to  him  from  the  other  world,  but.  perhaps,  it  will  be  just 
as  well  to  let  him  tell  his  own  story,  which  was  found  written  in  his  own 
hand.  The  manuscript,  much  worn,  tattered  somewhat  at  its  sides,  and 
separated  where  creases  were  made  by  its  folds,  has  been  in  the  past  much 
sought  for,  handled  and  read.  This  paper  was  the  property  of  His  Excel- 
lency, Governor  Read,  a  signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence,  a  United 
States  Senator,  a  Chief  Justice  and  Governor  of  Delaware.  George  Read 
married  a  sister  of  Hon.  John  Ross  and  was  naturally  interested  in  the  paper : 

"  For  the  Honourable,   General   William  Thompson,  on   his  plantation  near 

Carlisle : 

"Dear  Sir. —  Last  Monday  night,  the  20th  January,  1777,  be  it  remembered, 
I  went  to  bed  at  ten  o'clock,  and  as  is  common  with  me  to  order  the  servant 
to  cover  up  the  unconsumed  part  of  the  fire  with  ashes,  after  I  had  seen  it 
done.  A  little  before  day-break  I  was  awakened  by  an  extraordinary  dream, 
viz.,  that  I  was  in  company  with  our  old  friend  John  Ross,  lawyer.  As  it 
then  made  a  great  impression  on  my  mind,  it  is  easy  for  you  to  conceive 
the  emotions  I  felt  on  the  occasion,  nor  will  you  be  surprised  when  I  tell 
you  1  jumped  directly  out  of  bed,  and  by  the  gleaming  light  of  my  fire, 
which  had  forced  its  way  into  a  small  flame  through  the  ashes,  I  distinctly 
saw  his  figure  on  which,  without  any  fear,  I  looked  with  great  earnestness. 
At  this  instant  the  fire  burst  forth  into  a  blaze,  insomuch  that  I  could  see 
him  very  distinctly,  with  a  paper  in  his  hand,  standing,  in  a  speaking  attitude, 
when  he  began  and  thus  addressed  me : 

My  dear  sir,  you  and  I,  in  the  state  of  body  you  are  now  in,  ever  lived 
in  the  greatest  harmony  and  best  friendship.  I  have  been  removed  from 
you  by  the  wise  and  kind  providence  of  God,  to  a  place  of  peace  and  ever- 
lasting felicity,  while  you  are  to  remain  some  time  in  a  world  of  trouble 
and  great  confusion,  where  you  will  hear  of  wars  and  rumors  of  wars, 
accompanied  with  pestilence,  already  begun,  and  famine  which  will  ensue, 
and  continue  till  your  sins  abate.  These,  my  friend,  are  the  scourges  of  sin, 
the  vengeance  of  God  poured  forth  on  the  American  people  for  their  ingrati- 
tude that  superlative  of  sin  which  the  Almighty  always  punishes.'  " 

"  Continued  he :  '  Lest  you  should  doubt  the  authority  of  what  I  now  say, 
I  pray  you  take  this  paper,'  which  he  held  forth  in  his  hand,  'and  to  con- 
vince you  that  I  have  really  made  an  appearance  to  you,  behold  my  signature, 
the  initials  of  my  name  and  profession  in  your  world.  These  are  placed  first 
to  every  line,  and  I  leave  them  along  with  this  my  signet  ring,  well  known 
to  you  in  the  past,  cut  with  the  three  rampant  lions  of  my  family  coat  and 
the  sign  known  to  you  that  you  may  as  my  steward  keep  them  as  a  sign 
and  token  to  be  shown  to  my  friends,  but  particularly  to  General  Thompson, 
whom  I  love,  and  wish  to  hint  something  not  unlike  to  what  with  you  is 
termed  prophecy.' 

"  On  thus  speaking  these  words  he  disappeared,  leaving  the  matter  and 
ring  behind  him  in  my  hand.  In  discharge  of  my  duty  to  the  above  com- 
mission, and  conceiving  it  also  my  duty  to  you  "to  discharge  so  important 
a  trust,  I  send  you  a  copy  and  whenever  you  will  do  me  the  favor  of  a  visit 
you  may  see  the  original.  I  will  seal  this  letter  with  the  ring  which  you 
will  readily  recognize  as  the  one  always  worn  on  John  Ross'  right  hand. 
You  will  remember  the  stone,  a  Scotch  chrystal,  beautifully  cut  with  the 
Ross  coat   of  arms,   and   under,   on  the  other  side,  a   star  formed   of  three 


Rossi  a  u  a. 

triangles  with  two  circles  inscribed  with  strange  letters.1  Mr.  Ross  had  a 
strange  story,  you  will  recall,  of  this  ring.  It  was  brought  from  Scotland 
by  his  father.  Rev.  Mr.  Ross,  and  was  the  parting  gift  of  the  latter's  father, 
David  Ross,  of  Balblair.  It  had  belonged  to  one  Hugh  Ross2  of  Shandwick, 
who  was  a  necromancer  and  wizard,  notwithstanding  his  lairdship,  in  the 
fifteenth  century.  The  star  on  the  back  was  always  known  as  the  '  wizard 
foot.'  I  am,  my  dear  sir.  with  many  compliments  to  you  and  Mrs.  Thompson 
and  family,  your  very  humble  servant, 

"  John  Kearsley." 

"A  True  Copy." 
"  Inspired  to  leave  with  you  my  trusty  friend 
Old  counsels,  which  I  dare  not  wish  to  mend 
Honor  to  you  disgrace  to  Congress'  laws 
Nor  can  their  terrors  make  you  join  their  cause. 
Nor  yet  their  prisons  make  you  love  their  laws. 
Right  well  we  lived  when  justice  ruled  the  land 
O  know  you're  at  the  would-be-king's  command. 
Sent  forth  to  fight  as  tyrants  rule  their  slaves. 
Still  will   Britain  rule  both  land  and  waves 
Lawyer  I  was,  and  Magna  Charta  knew 
Averse  to  riot,  studied  to  be  true, 
When  just  laws  ceased  heaven  kindiy  gave  her  call 
You  have  felt  —  I  now  foretell  —  so  will  all 
Ever  gracious  Lord !    Avert  the   dreadful   stroke 
Repent  ye  ingrates  —  nor  your  God  provoke. 

lThe  under  side  of  the  ring  had  a  five-pointed  star  in  outline,  as  told  in  the  above 
story,  and  the  Hebrew  letters  were  those  forming  the  names  of  the  spirits  Ye  Kahal  and 
Aziel,  known  to  the  magicians  and  ancient  Free  Masons  as  the  first  Pentacle  of  Mercury, 
which   controls  the  spirits  which  are  under  the   firmament. 

2This  same  Hugh  Ross  is  said  to  have  discovered  much  buried  treasure  one  Sunday, 
between  the  10th  of  July  and  the  20th  of  August,  when  the  moon  was  in  the  sign  of 
the  lion.  He  went  into  a  place  which  he  had  found  by  magical  incantations,  and  with 
a  magical  sword  described  a  circle  of  sufficient  size  to  open  the  earth  as  the  nature  of 
the  ground  would  allow.  Three  times  during  the  day  he  burned  incense  in  the  hole, 
after  which,  clothed  in  a  white  silk  garment,  with  mystic  characters  in  red  silk  on  the 
breast,  and  with  white  shoes  on  his  feet.  On  his  head  was  a  gold  crown,  with  the 
letters  "  Yod.  He,  Vau,  He  "  on  its  front.  Ross  suspended,  above  the  opening  in  the 
ground,  a  lamp  whose  oil  was  mingled  with  the  fat  of  a  man  who  had  died  in  the 
month  of  July,  and  the  wick  was  made  from  the  cloth  wherein  he  had  been  buried. 
Having  kindled  this  with  fresh  fire,  he  fortified  his  ten  workmen  each  with  a  girdle  of 
the  skin  of  a  goat,  newly  slain,  whereon  was  written  with  the  blood  of  the  dead  man 
these  words,  "  Nopa  Padous."  He  then  set  the  men  to  work,  warning  them  not  to  be 
disturbed,  but  to  work  boldly,  which  they  did.  At  the  end  of  the  second  day  their 
tools  rang  upon  a  huge  metal-bound  box  of  great  age.  They  tried  to  lift  the  box,  but 
in  vain.  The  night  had  come,  and  looking  down  into  the  hole,  lighted  now  by  the 
overhanging  lamp  alone,  he  beheld  the  figure  of  a  semi-luminous  grey  man,  seated  upon 
the  lid  of  the  box.  Remembering  himself,  he  said:  "Adonai,  Elohim  El,  Asher,  Ehlieh, 
Existence  of  Existences,  have  mercy  upon  me!  O  ye  good  and  happy  spirits,  depart 
in  peace.  Amen."  As  the  last  word  was  pronounced  the  old  grey  man  arose,  suddenly 
grew  twenty  feet  high,  and  said:  "  I  am  that  spirit  Aziel,  who  guards  the  fortunes  of 
your   house;    the   treasure   is   yours;    farewell,"   and    disappeared. 

Ghost  Story  of  the  Revolution.  177 

"Agreeable  to  our  many  conversations  about  eternity  that  the  first  of  us 
who  died,  if  permitted,  should  visit  the  other,  by  the  will  of  the  Omnipotent 
who  governs  the  universe.  I  am  sent  to  comfort  you,  but  also  to  redeem 
the  land  which  is  now  overwhelmed  with  trouble,  a  sure  consequence  of  sin 
and  pride,  a  continuance  in  which  will  be  a  misery,  destruction  and  death. 
Believe,  O  ye  sinners,  believe  and  repent !  The  sins  of  ingratitude,  wilful 
and  corrupt  perjury,  persecution  and  cruelty,  with  the  sin  of  falsehood  con- 
tinually propagated  to  inflame  and  mislead  the  ignorant,  has  so  provoked  the 
vengeance  of  heaven  that  the  Almighty  is  to  come  forth  against  you  with 
a  flaming"  sword  to  burn  you  up  and  cast  you  off;  and  I  am  risen  from  the 
dead  to  give  you  this  last  most  solemn  warning.  Moses  and  the  prophets 
have  admonished  former  generations  and  some  have  believed  and  been  saved. 
But  if  ye  will  not  believe  me  when  risen  from  the  dead,  horrid  judgments 
will  attend  you.  Death  is  but  the  continuation  of  the  life  on  earth  in  another 
form  and  in  another  world. 

"John  Ross."  [Seal.] 

Ghost's  Last  Appearance. 

General  William  Thompson  was  by  birth  an  Irishman.  He  emigrated  at 
an  early  period  of  the  eighteenth  century  to  Pennsylvania.  He  had  received 
a  good  education  and  was  descended  from  a  respectable  family.  He  settled 
on  a  plantation  which  he  called  "  Soldiers'  Retreat."  near  Carlisle,  in  Cum- 
berland county,  Pennsylvania.  He  was  at  first  a  surveyor ;  he  then  went  into 
the  war  between  France  and  England  as  a  commissioned  officer.  He  re- 
ceived a  silver  medal  from  the  city  of  Philadelphia  for  distinguished  services 
in  this  war.  He  became  during  the  American  Revolution  one  of  the  most 
patriotic  and  gallant  officers  in  our  army.     He  died  on  September  3,  1781. 

The  story  is  that  ten  days  before  his  death,  as  he  sat  one  evening  before 
a  table  sealing  a  letter  with  the  famous  ring  of  John  Ross  that  had  been 
given  to  him  by  Dr.  Kearsley,  the  candles  suddenly  became  dim,  and  near 
the  fireplace  in  which  there  was  a  fire,  a  smoke  made  itself  felt,  and  all  at 
once  the  form  of  John  Ross  became  plain,  but  all  he  said  was,  "  Fear  not,  for 
it  is  well  with  thee,  thy  time  is  near,"  and  with  that  the  figure  moved  to  the 
table  and  caught  up  the  ring  that  the  general  had  dropped,  and  then  faded 
away.  The  portrait  of  John  Ross,  Esq.,  painted  by  Alexander,  the  first 
master  of  Gilbert  Stewart,  is  still  in  existence  and  represents  a  gentleman 
in  the  fashionable  clothes  of  one  hundred  years  ago,  with  a  wig  and  lawn 
sleeves,  seated  in  his  library. 


Albanv,  N.  Y. 


In  connection  with  Tusculum,  the  mansion  of  John  Ross,  there  is  a  curious 
old  servant's  tale,  which  will  bear  repetition  in  these  pages.  The  old  woman, 
who  was  a  trusted  servant  and  had  been  in  the  family  many  years,  is  said 
to  have  seen  the  spectre  of  Mrs.  Captain  Gurney,1  daughter  of  John  Ross, 
one   night   some   five  years   after   her   death.     The   servant   had   been   left    in 

iGuRNEY  Arms  —  Paly  of  six  or  and  azure  per  fess  countercharged.  Crest  —  A  lion's 
head  erased  or,  gorged  with  a  palisado  coronet  composed  of  spearheads  azure  on  an 
esquire's  helmet  manteled   gules   doubled  argent.     (Captain   Gurney.) 

1 78 


ssi  a  u  a. 

charge  of  the  house,  as  the  story  goes,  preparatory  to  its  being  sold.  It 
was  a  dark,  stormy  night  in  the  late  autumn,  and  the  old  woman  was  fast 
asleep  upstairs,  the  only  other  person  in  the  house  being  an  old  retainer 
in  the  family  who  had  been  the  gardener  years  before. 

The  servant  was  suddenly  awakened  by  a  loud  crash  down  stairs.  Believing 
the  old  retainer  had  fallen  in  some  way,  and  thinking  it  strange  that  he 
should  be  awake  at  that  hour  of  the  night,  she  procured  a  light  and  went 
down  stairs.  To  her  great  surprise  she  found  the  library  illuminated  and 
heard  some  one  moving  about  in  the  room.  As  she  entered  the  room,  she 
nearly  died  of  fright,  for  there  in  the  old  fiddle-backed  chair  Mr.  Ross  always 

Mrs.    Hkxky   GuRNEY   (1748-1782),   nee   Catherine  Ross, 
daughter  of  Hon.  John  Ross  (1714-1776). 

used,  sat  her  late  mistress,  Mrs.  Gurney.  In  her  hands  she  held  a  beautiful 
string  of  pearls  and  a  magnificent  jewel,  in  the  shape  of  a  cross,  set  with 
diamonds,  swung  from  it.  The  wainscoted  wall  opposite  her  contained  a 
large  square  hole,  exposing  an  iron  box,  the  lid  of  which  had  been  wrenched 
off.  and.  falling  to  the  floor,  had  caused  the  crash  which  had  awakened  the 
old  woman.  The  box  appeared  to  be  filled  with  gold  and  jewels  and  costly 

Mrs.  Gurney.  who  sat  in  the  chair  toying  with  the  pearls,  was  dressed  in 
white  satin  trimmed  with  coral.  As  the  horrified  servant  started  to  rush  from 
the  room,  the  spectre  turned  and  seemed  to  recognize  the  old  woman.  At 
this  instant  the  lights  were  extinguished,  and  in  the  darkness  of  the  hallway 
the  old  servant  felt  something  sweep  past  her,  open  the  front  door  and  vanish. 

Interesting  Family  Incident.  179 

The  next  morning  the  old  woman  went  into  the  library  in  great  fear  and 
found  the  room  in  its  usual  condition.  There  was  no  hole  in  the  wall,  but 
at  the  foot  of  the  chair  in  which  the  spectre  of  Mrs.  Gurney  had  sat  was  the 
beautiful  cross.  On  the  back  was  engraved  the  Arms  of  Ross  —  the  three 
well-known  lions  —  and  around  the  shield,  in  ancient  Scotch,  the  words,  "  Fear 
not,  for  I  am  with  you."  In  the  center  was  a  long  oval  upon  which  was 
represented  the  Saviour  and  the  Four  Evangelists,  in  ancient  enamel,  and 
incrusted  with  diamonds.  On  the  four  branches  of  the  cross  were  four 
angels,  and  the  end  of  each  branch  was  finished  with  a  great  pearl.  A  ring  of 
gold  and  pearls  served  to  attach  it.  This  cross,  which  had  never  before  been 
seen  by  any  member  of  the  family,  was  handed  down  by  Mrs.  Gurney's 
descendants  for  a  number  of  generations.  The  pearl  necklace  was  never 
found,  although  the  family  had  searched  for  it  after  Mrs.  Gurney's  death. 

The  old  servant  lived  many  years  after  her  ghostly  experience,  and  only 
told  the  story  on  her  death  bed. 


About  the  year  1883.  Mrs.  Gillespie  of  Philadelphia,  a  great  grand- 
daughter of  Benjamin  Franklin,  with  whom  General  Meredith  Read  had  long 
been  acquainted,  called  upon  General  and  Mrs.  Meredith  Read  at  their  resi- 
dence at  Newport,  in  order  to  show  them  a  ring  with  which  is  connected  an 
interesting  family  incident.  Margaret  Ross,  or  Margaretta,  as  she  is  styled 
on  her  portrait,  the  daughter  of  the  Hon.  John  Ross,  Attorney  General,  and 
his  wife  nee  Elizabeth  Morgan,  was  born  on  the  25th  August,  1747.  She  was 
a  beautiful  and  accomplished  girl  and  an  heiress.  When  she  was  eighteen 
years  of  age  she  was  affianced  to  Richard  Bache,  who  was  born  in  Settle  in 
the  West  Riding  of  Yorkshire,  England,  on  the  12th  September,  1737,  and 
died  29th  July,  181 1.  He  was  the  brother  of  Theophylact  Bache  of  New 
York,  merchant,  also  born  in  Yorkshire,  and  who  had  gone  to  New  York 
as  early  as  1751,  was  identified  with  the  resistance  to  the  Crown  in  1765,  and 
in  1770  was  one  of  the  Committee  to  carry  out  the  resolutions  of  Non- 
Intercourse.  In  1777  he  was  chosen  fifth  President  of  the  New  York 
Chamber  of  Commerce. 

Richard  Bache  established  himself  in  Philadelphia  and  accumulated  a 
handsome  fortune.  Margaret  Ross  caught  a  severe  cold  at  her  father's  resi- 
dence, Tusculum.  which  now  forms  a  portion  of  the  Episcopal  Hospital,  near 
Philadelphia,  which  the  Ross  fortune  created,  and  this  cold  developed  finally 
into  a  decline.  Finding  herself  to  be  dying,  the  young  girl  sent  for  her 
friend  Sally  Franklin. —  her  intimate  friend  and  the  only  daughter  of  Ben- 
jamin Franklin, —  and  also  for  her  betrothed  lover,  Richard  Bache.  And 
when  they  came  into  her  room  she  said,  "  Sally,  I  am  about  to  die,  and  I  wish 
you  to  marry  Richard,"  and  taking  their  hands  she  joined  them  and  made 
them  promise  to  marry  after  her  death.  Her  last  instruction  was  to  have  a 
ring  prepared  of  the  finest  workmanship,  upon  which  was  to  be  enamelled 
this   inscription  : 

"  Margaret  Ross,  ob.  Aug.  20,  1766  " 
"Aged  Nineteen  " 

i8o  Rossi  a  11  a. 

And  this  ring  was  to  be  given  to  Sally  Franklin  upon  her  marriage,  and 
to  be  ever  afterwards  worn  by  her.  Richard  Bache  married  Sally  Franklin 
on  the  3rd  October  of  the  following  year,  1767.  Franklin  appointed  him 
Secretary  Comptroller  and  Register  General  to  date  from  the  29th  September, 
1775,  and  this  office  he  held  until  November.  1776.  when  he  became  Post- 
master General  and  continued  such  until  1782.  His  wife,  Sarah  Franklin, 
was  the  chief  of  the  patriotic  band  of  ladies  who  made  clothes  for  the  half- 
clad  soldiers  and  sought  to  mitigate  their  sufferings  during  the  severe 
winter  of  1780.  She  died  on  the  5th  October,  1808,  and  bequeathed  this 
ring  to  her  daughter,  from  whom  it  came  to  her  granddaughter  Airs. 
Gillespie  who.  during  the  Rebellion,  rivalled  her  grandmother  in  her  philan- 
thropic labours  on  behalf  of  our  soldiers  during  the  Revolution. 

Mrs.  Gillespie  wrote  the  following  acrostic  for  General  Meredith  Read  : 

Maiden,  whose  bones  have  crumbled  long  ago, 
Above  thy  tomb  we  bend,  yet  not  in  woe ; 
Regrets  we  have  none,  that  an  early  call 
Grim  Death  made  thee.     He  comes  for  all. 
And  taking  thee,  he  left  us  cause  for  mirth  ; 
Reaching  far  back,  aye,  even  from  our  birth. 
Each  one  of  us  was  called  for,  though,  finally. 
'Twas  that  which  made   us  flesh  and  blood  with   Sally. 
Requiems  we  sing  not.  for  they're  rather  dull ; 
Odes  we  will  write,  with  praises  ever  full; 
Sonnets  and  verses  to  that  name  we'll  pen; 
Sally's  our  grandma ;  she.  the  child  of  Ben. 
Newport,  August  20th.  1883. 


THERE  can  scarcely  be  a  question  that  the  Rosses  of  Balnagown,  Shand- 
wick,  Balmachy  and  Balblair,  from  whom  descended  the  American 
families  of  Ross  and  Read,  were  direct  descendants  of  the  Royal 
house  of  Scotland.  If  there  were  no  other  evidence  to  substantiate  this, 
the  fact  that  the  arms  of  the  Earls  of  Ross  (gules  three  lions  rampant, 
within  a  tressure  argent)  were  taken  from  the  shield  of  the  King  himself 
(which  was  or  and  the  tressure  gules,  and  displayed  one  lion  rampant), 
to  show  that  they  were  children  of  the  Royal  lion  or  Royal  house,  would 
unerringly  point  to  a  royal  connection.  The  Lairds  of  Balnagown  dropped 
the  tressure  and  retained  the  three  Royal  lions  as  proof  of  their  Royal 

George  Crawfurd,  historiographer  of  Scotland,  in  his  early  account  of 
the  Earls  of  Ross,  recorded  the  fact  that  Hugh  Ross  of  Rarichies,  first  Laird 
of  Balnagown,  was  the  son  of  Hugh,  fifth  Earl  of  Ross,  and  Lady  Maud 
Bruce,  sister  of  Robert  II,  thus  establishing  the  connection  between  Balna- 
gown and  the  royal  house.  This  view  was  later  accepted  by  Rev.  Compton 
Reade  in  his  "  Record  of  the  Redes,"  who  also  added  the  statement  that 
another  connection  with  the  royal  house  was  formed  by  the  marriage  of 
Hugh  Ross,  fourth  Laird  of  Balnagown,  and  Janet,  daughter  of  the  Earl  of 
Sutherland  by  Helen  Sinclair,  a  direct  descendant  of  King  Robert   II. 

Mr.  Francis  Nevile  Reid,  however,  in  his  very  full  account  of  the  Earls 
of  Ross,  makes  the  assertion  that  Hugh  of  Rarichies  was  the  son  of  Hugh, 
fifth  Earl  of  Ross,  and  his  second  wife,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Sir  David 
Graham.  If  this  were  true,  it  is  necessary  to  look  elsewhere  for  a  royal 
connection.  As  to  the  marriage  of  Hugh,  fourth  of  Balnagown,  and  Janet, 
daughter  of  the  Earl  of  Sutherland,  Mr.  Reid  says  that  "  it  is  said "  to 
have  occurred,  but  that  "  at  Dunrobin  there  is  no  trace  of  this  lady  or  of 
the  marriage  of  Hugh  Ross." 

Francis  Nevile  Reid's  account  having  been  given  in  full,  it  is  deemed  only 
fair  that  the  pedigree  by  Rev.  Compton  Reade  should  be  reproduced  in  these 
pages.  I  am  inclined  to  believe  that  Mr.  Nevile  Reid  is  right,  inasmuch 
as  he  made  a  life-study  of  the  subject  and  expended  a  greater  amount  of 
energy  and  money  in  getting  the  descent  correct  than  any  other  person.  I 
must  add.  however,  that  my  great-grandfather,  Hon.  John  Read,  who  was  a 
lawyer  of  eminence,  a  learned  man.  and  a  writer  of  note,  as  well  as  a  banker 
of  distinguished  ability,  always  believed  in  the  direct  royal  descent,  and  that 
my  father,  General  J.  Meredith  Read,  believed  in  it  also. 

The  pedigrees  given  by  Compton  Reade  are  as  follows  : 


182  Rossiana. 


Isabel,  naturalised  daughter  of  William  the  Lion  =  Robert  de  Bruce. 

I  .  ^ 

Maud  Bruce,  sister  of  King  Robert  Bruce=HucH,  Earl  of  Ross  (whose  sister 

I Euphemia  =  Robert  II.) 

Hugh  Ross,  Baron  of  Rarichies  and  Balnagown  =  Margaret  de  Barclay. 

William  Ross.  Baron  of  Rarichies  and  Balnagown  =  Christiana,  daughter  of 
I Lord  Livingstone. 

Walter  Ross,  Baron  of  Rarichies  and  Balnagown  =  Katherein  McTyre. 

Hugh  Ross  II.,  Baron  of  Rarichies  and  Balnagown  =  Janet,  daughter  of  the 

Earl  of  Sutherland 
by  Helen  Sinclair 
daughter  of  the 
Earl  of  Orkney. 

Rev.  William  Ross,  of  Little  Allan,  Sub-Dean  of  Ross  =  Griselle  Macdonald, 

niece  of  the   Lord 
of  the  Isles. 

Walter  Ross,  Laird  of  Shand\vick  =  Jane  Tulloch. 

Hugh  Ross,  Laird  of  Balmachie,  was  succeeded  by  his  elder  son, 

Donald  Ross,  Laird  of  Balmachie,  who  was  succeeded  by 



Walter  Ross.  Laird  of  Balmachie,  whose  successor  was 


Hugh  Ross,  Laird  of  Balmachie,  followed  by  his  elder  son, 
George  Ross.  Laird  of  Balmachie,  who  =  Margaret  McCulloch. 
Andrew  Ross,  Laird  of  Balblair,  was  the  father  of 

David  Ross,  of  Balblair.  who  =  Margaret  Stronach. 


^.  Rev.  George  Ross,  M.A.  (ordained  by  the  Bishop  of  London),  Rector  of  jj^^f, 
Emmanuel  Church,  New  Castle.  Delaware  =£  secondh^vi*/ tjuvsr^' 
Catherine  Van  Gezel.  J  \*  V1*^  ^ 

-  _ tv>  S*"  V 

Gertrude  Ross   (whose  brother  George  Ross  was  one  of  the  "Signers")  =  v" 

George  Read,  "  The  Signer."  Y*\0- 

Descent  from  the  Royal  House  of  Scotland.  183 

The  Hon.  John  Read.  Senator,  etc.  =  Martha,  daughter  of  General  Samuel 

Meredith,  Treasurer  of  the  United 
States  of  America. 

~~ I 
The   Hon.  John   Meredith    Read,   Attorney   General,   and   Chief  Justice   of 

Pennsylvania  =  Priscilla,   daughter  of 

I  the  Hon.  J.  Marshall,  of  Boston,  U.S.A. 


General  John  Meredith  Read,  who  =  Delphine  Marie,  daughter  of  Harmon 

Pumpelly,  Esq.,  of  Albany. 


Robert  Bruce    (2nd  in  the  preceding  table)=as  his   first  wife   Elizabeth, 

daughter  of  Sir  Adam  Mure, 
J of  Rowallan. 


Egidia  Bruce  =  Sir  William  Douglas,  of  Nithsdale. 

Egidia  Douglas  =  Henry  Sinclair,  second  Earl  of  Orkney. 

Helen  Sinclair  =  Gordon,  Earl  of  Sutherland. 

Janet  Gordon  =  Hugh  Ross  II.,  Baron  of  Rarichies  (see  preceding  descent), 
direct  lineal  ancestor  of  the  late  General  John  Meredith 

Arms    of    Ross. —  Gules,    three    lions    rampant    argent.     Crest. —  A    lion 
rampant  gules.     Motto. —  Nobilis  est  ira  leonis. 


CATHARIXE  VAN  GEZEL,  of  Xew  Castle,  who  married,  as  second 
wife,  Rev.  George  K — .  was  a  direct  descendant  ox  Gerrit  van  Gezel, 
who  was  the  nephew  and  secretary  oi  Jacob  Alrichs,  who  was  appointed 
the  first  Dutch  Governor,  or  Vice  Director,  of  Delaware,  then  receutly 
named  Xienw  Amstel.  Governor  Alrichs  was  also  an  uncle  of  Beck. 
the  Vice  Director  at  Curac  a.  Vice  Director  Alrichs  arrived  in  the 
Delaware,  then  called  the  South  River.  April  21,  1057.  and  Governor  Stuy- 
vesant,  in  obedience  to  the  orders  of  the  Dutch  West  India  Company,  form- 
ally transferred  to  Governor  Alrichs  the  "  Fort  of  Casimir,  now  named  New 
Amstel,  with  all  the  lands  dependent  on  it.  in  conformity  with  our  purchase 
from  and  transfer  by  the  natives,  to  us  on  the  19  July.  1651."  Upon  his 
arrival  at  Fort  Casimir.  Alrichs  received  from  Vice  Director  John  Paul  Jere- 
quet  a  surrender  of  his  authority,  and  the  Colony  of  New  Amstel  was 
formally  organized.  During  the  few  months  of  Alrichs'  directorship  New 
Amstel  prospered.  The  municipal  government  was  remodelled,  the  town 
was  laid  out,  buildings  were  rapidly  erected,  including  a  town  hall :  a  bridge 
was  placed  over  the  creek  near  Fort  Casimir.  a  magazine  was  constructed, 
the  fort  repaired,  a  guardhouse,  bakehouse  and  forge  built,  together  with 
residences  for  the  clergymen  and  other  public  officers ;  industry  promised  suc- 
ce.-s  and  thirty  families  were  tempted  to  emigrate  from  Manhattan  to  the 
flourishing  colony  on  South  River.  But  disease  and  famine  set  in  in 
and  the  heat  of  the  summer  enfeebled  the  unacclimated  survivors.  The  wife  of 
Alrichs  was  one  of  the  victims.  In  the  midst  of  these  troubles  Vice  Director 
Alrichs  died,  having  entrusted  the  government  to  Alexander  d'Hinoyossa.  with 
Gerrit  van   Sweringen  and  Cornelius  van  Gezel  as  Councillors. 

There  are  two  references  to  persons  named  van  Gezel  in  a  volume  entitled 
"  Annals  of  Pennsylvania  from  the  Discovery  of  the  Delaware."  by  Samuel 
Hazard,  which,  it  is  understood,  covers  the  period  from  1609  to  16S2.  On 
page  299  Gerit  van  Gezel  is  referred  to  as  Secretary  of  Xew  Amstel :  and  on 
page  301  it  is  stated  that  Cornelius  van  Gezel  was  removed  from  office  as 
Councillor  in  Xew  Amstel.  A  note  refers  to  Volume  XVII.  Albany  Records, 
page  142. 

The  van  Gezel  family  is  of  Dutch  origin.  The  earliest  reference  to  mem- 
bers of  the  Xew  Castle  family  is  believed  at  this  time  to  be  that  among 
Records  of  the  Dutch  Reformed  Church  of  Xew  York.  Among  the  records 
of  marriages,  as  published  in  the  Xew  York  Biographical  and  Genealogical 
Record.  Vol.  VIII.  page  40.  is  found  that  of  Jacob  van  Gezel.  i.  m.  (that 
is  young  man  or  bachelor")  from  Xew  Castle  and  Geertruydt  Reyniers.  j.  d. 
(that  is  young  woman  or  spinster)  of  Xew  York.  The  bans  or  other  notice 
appear  to  have  been  given  on  April  13,  1688.  the  celebration  of  the  marriage 
following  on  May  9.   16SS.     In  the  records  of  baptisms  of  the  same  church 

/  'an  Gezel  Family.  185 

(See  Vol.  XI.  page  1.38,  N.  Y.  G.  &  B.  Record)  it  appears  that  Anna 
Catharina,  daughter  of  Jacob  van  Gezel  and  Geertruydt  Reyniers,  was  bap- 
tized October  20,  1689,  the  witnesses  being  Reynier  Williams,  Hendrick 
Boelen  and  Femmetje"*Kock.  Also  that  Cornelius,  son  of  Jacob  van  Gezel 
and  Geertruydt  Reyniers.  was  baptized  May  26.  1691,  the  witnesses  being 
Adolph  Pieterzen  and  Christiana  de  Honnem. 

In  the  parish  register  of  the  parish  of  North  Sassafras  or  Saint  Stephens 
in  Cecil  County,  Maryland,  it  is  recorded  that  Rynerius  van  Gezel,  son  of 
Jacob  van  Gezel  and  Gertrug  his  wife,  was  born  December  16.  1696.  and  was 
baptized  December  10,  1697.  (See  copy  of  Register  at  Md.  Hist.  Society, 
Baltimore,  page  56.) 

A  number  or  original  papers,  deeds,  leases,  &c.  which  refer  to  members  of 
the  van  Gezel  family  are  in  the  possession  of  Mrs.  John  Rodney  of  New 
Castle,  who  is  descended  from  the  Rev.  George  Ross  and  Catharine  van  Gezel, 
his  wife.  Among  these  papers  is  a  deed  from  John  Hogg  to  Cornelius  van 
Gezel  dated  June  7,  1715,  and  it  is  thus  quite  plain  that  the  family  were  living 
there  prior  to  that  time.  Indeed  the  marriage  notice  of  1688  describes  Jacob 
van  Gezell  as  of  New  Castle,  but  the  baptism  of  two  children  in  New  York 
some  years  later  may  indicate  that  after  his  marriage  Jacob  settled  in  New 
York.  On  the  other  hand,  he  may  have  merely  taken  his  children  there  to 
be  baptized  in  the  church  of  his  own  or  his  wife's  faith.  There  is  also  a 
confirmatory  deed  from  John  Hogg  to  Gertrude  van  Gezell  dated  November 
17,  1718,  which  refers  to  the  will  of  Cornelius  van  Gezell  as  dated  November 
8,  1717,  and  as  devising  a  certain  lot  to  his  mother  Gertrude  van  Gezell  for 
life,  with  remainder  to  his  brother  John  van  Gezell  and  his  sister  Catharine. 
There  is  also  a  lease  of  February  8,  1730,  from  Rev.  Geo.  Ross  of  New  Castle 
to  Gertrug  van  Gezell,  widow.  This  paper  was  signed  by  George  Ross  and 
also  by  Gertrug  Vangezell,  and  opposite  the  signature  of  each  is  a  seal  in 
wax  bearing  the  impression  of  a  coat-of-arms.  The  same  seal  was  used  for 
both  Mr.  Ross  and  Mrs.  van  Gezell,  and  the  device  was  a  shield  in  the  upper 
portion  of  which  two  rather  long-legged  birds  are  standing.  The  lower 
two-thirds  of  the  seal  has  across  it  a  band  or  "  bend."  The  crest  rests  on  a 
helmet  and  is  an  arm  bowed  at  the  elbow  and  in  armor,  the  hand  grasping 
something  which  cannot  be  deciphered.  This  device  is  not  that  of  the  Ross 
family  or  of  the  Van  Gezel  family,  but  may  have  been  that  of  Gertrude's 
own  family,  Reyniers.  There  is  also  a  deed  of  release  of  March  30,  1730, 
from  George  Ross  and  Catherine  his  wife,  late  Catharine  Vangezell.  There 
is  an  indenture  from  George  Ross,  gentleman,  and  Catharine  his  wife,  and 
John  Vangezell.  saddler,  and  Mary  his  wife,  of  the  one  part,  and  Gertrude 
Vangezell.  widow,  of  the  other  part.  This  paper  was  signed  by  George 
Ross,  Ann  Catharine  Ross,  John  van  Gezell  and  Mary  van  Gezel.  There 
is  also  an  abstract  of  the  title  to  a  certain  lot  evidently  prepared  by  legal 
counsel.  In  it  reference  is  made  to*  the  will  of  George  Ross  as  devising 
the  lot  to  Jacob  Ross,  a  younger  son  by  his  wife  Catharine.  It  also  refers 
to  an  indenture  of  May  22,  1755,  in  which  George  Ross  is  referred  to  as 
the  eldest  son  of  George  Ross  by  his  wife  Catharine.  Some  of  these  very 
interesting  papers  have  apparently  not  been  recorded,  but  the  deed  from  John 
Hogg  to   Cornelius  and  the  confirmatory  deed   seem   to  have  been   recorded 

1 86  Rossiana. 

in  New  Castle  in  Liber  E.  D.  &c.  folio  247,  in  which  particular  office  seems 
not  quite  clear.  It  seems  probable  that  the  will  of  Cornelius  and  that  of 
George  Ross  are  of  record  in  New  Castle,  and  possibly  an  examination  of 
the  land  records  and  records  of  wills  there  might  establish  some  interesting 

The  records  of  Immanuel  Church,  New  Castle,  show  that  among  the  Church 
Wardens  were:  William  Read  1720-1731,  and  John  Vangezell,  1745-1762. 
Another  entry  records  the  burial  of  Gertrude  van  Gezell  on  March  27,  1810, 
without  any  statement  to  identify  her  with  the  earlier  members  of  the 

From  the  above  records  and  memoranda  the  following  statement  is  made: 
Jacob  van  Gezel  of  New  Castle  and  Gertrude  Reyniers  of  New  York  were 
married  on  May  9,  1688  at  the  Dutch  Reformed  Church  of  New  York. 
Jacob  probably  died  prior  to  1717  when  Cornelius  devised  a  lot  to  his  mother 
and  his  brother  and  sister.  Gertrude  was  living  as  late  as  March  31,  1730, 
when  Rev.  George  Ross  leased  a  lot  in  New  Castle  to  her.  They  had 
children,   as   follows : 

A.  Anna  Catharine,  baptized  at  Dutch  Reformed  Church  October  20,  1689. 
Anna  Catharine  married  the  Rev.  George  Ross,  the  first  Rector  of  Immanuel 
Church,  New  Castle,  Delaware,  being  his  second  wife.  They  had  children, 
as  follows : 

1.  George    Ross. 

2.  Gertrude,  who  married   I.   Till  and  second  George  Read. 

3.  Catharine,   who   married   Gen.   William  Thompson  of  Perm. 

4.  Elizabeth,  who  married  Col.   Edw.   Biddle  of  Phila. 

5.  Susanna,    who    married    Rev.     William    Thomson,    rector    of    St. 

Stephen's  Church,  Cecil  County,  Maryland.  (He  was  a  son 
of  the  Rev.  Samuel  Thomson  and  a  cousin  of  Gen.  William 
Thompson  who  married  Catharine  Ross  (3) . 
They  had  a  large  family,  among  them  a  daughter,  Mary,  who 
married  Dr.  Thomas  B.  Yeazey  of  "  Essex  Lodge."  Cecil 
County,  Md. 
G.     Mary,  who  married  Mark  Bird  of  Birdsboro. 

7.  James. 

8.  Jacob.     Whether  Jacob  was  in  fact  the  youngest  child  is  not  plain. 

It  is  supposed  he  was  Dr.  Jacob  Ross  of  New  Castle. 

B.  Cornelius  van  Gezell,  baptized  at  Dutch  Reformed  Church,  May  26, 
1691.  His  will  is  dated  November  8,  1717,  and,  as  he  devised  certain 
property  to  his  mother  and  brother  and  sister,  it  seems  probable  that  he 
died  unmarried  or  without  children. 

C.  John    van    Gezell.      Married    Mary   Was    living    March    30,    1730. 

There  is  no  further  positive  record  now  known  of  John  but  it  seems 
quite  probable  that  he  was  Church  Warden  of  Immanuel  Church  1745  to 

D.  Rynerius,  born  December  16,  1696,  baptized  at  St.  Stephen's  Church, 
Cecil  County,  Md.,  December  10,  1697. 

Van  Gezel  Family.  187 

Jacob  van  Gezel  and  Gertrude  Reyniers 
Married  May  9,  1688. 

I          _                           d.   1717 
Anna  Catharina                                               John,  who  m.  Rynerius 

m.  Rev.  Geo.  Ross  Mary  


In  the  name  of  God  Amen  I  John  Vangezell  of  the  Town  and  County  of 
New  Castle  on  Delaware  Shopkeeper  being  in  health  and  sound  in  mind  and 
understanding  (praised  be  God  therefor)  duly  considering  that  it  is  appointed 
for  all  men  to  die  and  being  mindful  thereof  Do  make  this  my  last  Will 
and  Testament  as  followeth.  First  I  Commend  my  soul  to  Almighty  God  my 
Creator  hoping  for  free  pardon  and  Remission  of  my  sins  and  to  enjoy  ever- 
lasting happiness  through  the  merits  of  Jesus  Christ  my  Saviour.  My  body 
I  commit  to  the  Earth  at  the  discretion  of  my  Executor  and  as  to  my  tem- 
poral   Estate   I   dispose   of   the    same   as    followeth. 

First  I  will  that  all  my  lawful  Debts  be  paid  by  my  Executor  out  of  that 
part  of  my  Estate  hereinafter  devised  and  bequeathed  to  him,  it  being  my 
Intention  and  desire  that  no  part  of  what  shall  be  herein  devised  and 
bequeathed  to  my  Daughter  Gertrude  be  chargeable  with  any  of  them  untill 
the  whole  which  shall  be  hereby  devised  to  my  Executor  if  necessary  be  first 
Applied.  Then  I  give  and  devise  to  my  said  Daughter  Gertrude  Vangezell 
all  that  my  present  dwelling  house  and  Appurtenances  in  the  front  street 
of  said  Town  of  New  Castle  with  the  lot  of  Ground  thereunto  belonging  to 
wit  bounded  South  Easterly  by  the  said  front  street  Southwesterly  by  my 
lot  purchased  of  George  Read  formerly  belonging  to  Hon'ble  James  Hamilton 
North  Westerly  by  the  lot  late  of  Sarah  Janvier  deced  and  North  Easterly 
by  the  lot  of  Richard  McWilliam.  Also  all  that  my  front  lot  of  Meadow 
Ground  on  the  North  West  side  of  the  Black  Street  of  the  said  Town 
heretofore  called  Beaver  Street  and  bounded  South  Easterly  by  the  same 
street  South  Westerly  by  the  lot  of  George  Monro  North  Westerly  by  the 
centre  of  the  old  Bank  dividing  this  from  my  Back  Meadow  Lot  hereafter 
devised  to  my  Executor  and  North  Easterly  with  the  Great  Road  leading 
from  New  Castle  to  Christiana  Bridge  to  hold  to  my  said  Daughter  Gertrude 
her  heirs  and  Assigns  forever.  Then  I  also  give  and  devise  unto  my  said 
Daughter  Gertrude  all  my  Brick  Messuage  situate  on  the  South  Westerly 
side  of  the  Thwart  or  Market  Street  in  the  Town  of  New  Castle  also 
adjoining  the  Brick  Messuage  late  of  the  widow  Blackburn  deced  with  the 
Lot  thereto  belonging  including  therein  A  Moiety  of  the  Ground  between 
this  devised  Messuage  and  my  frame  Messuage  to  the  Eastward  thereof 
and  that  Breath  from  the  Thwart  Street  to  the  South  Westerly  bound  of 
both  Lots  with  its  apputenances  to  hold  to  my  said  Daughter  Gertrude  during 
her  natural  life  and  after  to  my  Grandson  John  Vangezell  son  of  Benjamin 
to  him  his  Heirs  and  Assigns  forever.  Then  I  also  give  and  bequeath  to 
my  said  Daughter  Gertrude  in  absolute  Property  to  be  by  her  taken  and 
retained   without  .the   usual    form   or   Right   of  Assent  by   my   Executor  the 

1 88  Rossi  a  u  a. 

following  part  of  my  Personal  Estate  that  is  to  say  One  Bed  bolster  and 
Pillows  with  Winter  and  Summer  Covering  therefor  a  Beadstead  Curtains 
and  there  furniture  half  a  dozen  of  my  best  chairs  A  looking  Glass  dressing 
Table,  Dining  Table  Tea  Table  all  of  which  my  said  Daughter  is  to  have 
the  liberty  of  making  choice  off  together  A  pair  of  hand  irons  Shovel  and 
Tongs,  Also  one  pair  of  high  chest  of  Drawers  in  the  front  Chamber  my 
Silver  Cane  Cream  Pot  all  my  Table  and  Tea  Spoons  China  and  Delf  Ware 
all  my  Sheeting  Table  Linnen  and  Xapkins  and  all  my  Kitchen  Furniture 
including  therein  all  Pewter  Knives  and  Forks  etc. 

Then  I  give  and  devise  unto  George  Read  of  the  Town  of  New  Castle 
Gent,  as  my  Executor  for  the  payment  of  all  lawful  Debts  against  me  or  my 
estate  that  is  to  say  all  those  my  two  Messuages  on  the  South  Easterly 
Side  of  the  Said  front  Street  in  the  Town  of  New  Castle  also  with  my 
several  Lots  on  that  side  of  the  same  street  extending  into  the  River 
Delaware  bounded  North  Easterly  by  the  House  and  Lot  of  George  Ross 
deced  and  South  Westerly  by  the  Thwart  Street  —  And  all  that  my  frame 
Messuage  on  the  South  Westerly  side  of  the  Thwart  Street  with  the  lot 
thereto  belonging  including  therein  A  Moity  of  the  Ground  between  this 
frame  Messuage  and  the  Brick  Messuage  herein  before  devised  to  my 
Daughter  to  the  Westward  and  extending  that  division  of  the  intermediate 
Ground  from  the  Thwart  Street  to  the  South  Westerly  bounds  of  both 
Lots.  And  also  all  that  my  back  Lot  of  Meadow  Ground  bounded  North 
Easterly  by  the  Great  Road  leading  from  New  Castle  to  Christiana  Bridge 
South  Easterly  by  the  Centre  of  the  old  Bank  dividing  this  from  my  front 
Meadow  Lot  herein  before  devised  to  my  Daughter  South  Westerly  by  the 
Lot  of  George  Monro  and  North  Westerly  by  the  Orchard  Lot  of  Richard 
McWilliam  deced  and  also  all  that  Lot  of  Ground  not  heretofor  Conveyed 
by  me  purchased  by  me  of  the  said  George  Read  as  also  Situate  on  the 
North  Easterly  Side  of  the  Thwart  Street  and  North  Westerly  Side  of  the 
front  Street  and  all  other  my  Estate  Real  and  personal  whatsoever  and 
wheresoever  not  hereinbefor  mentioned  and  devised  to  hold  to  him  the  said 
George  Read  his  Heirs  and  Assigns  for  the  express  Purpose  of  Selling  and 
disposing  of  all  my  Right  and  Interest  therein  or  in  any  part  to  Enable  my 
said  Executor  to  satisfy  and  discharge  Debts  as  also  Willing  and  Authorizing 
the  sale  thereof  in  the  whole  or  in  such  Parts  &  allotments  and  in  such 
manner  as  my  said  Executor  in  his  discretion  shall  think  fit  and  to  the 
interest  that  my  said  Executor  may  not  be  discharged  from  undertaking 
the  Trust  I  will  that  he  shall  be  saved  harmless  and  indemnified  out  of 
my  Estate  of  and  from  all  Damages  and  Expenses  which  shall  or  may  happen 
or  come  to  him  for  or  by  reason  of  his  taking  upon  him  the  Execution  of  this 
will  and  I  devise  that  he  be  allowed  all  Reasonable  Commissions  Costs  and 
Charges  and  thereafter  in  Case  of  any  Residue  Remaining  with  my  Executor 
I  give  devise  and  bequeath  the  same  equally  between  my  said  Daughter 
Gertrude  and  my  son  Benjamin  Vangezell  their  respective  Heirs  and 

And  whereas  it  may  so  happen  through  Casualties  or  otherwise  that  the 
part  of  my  Estate  which  I  have  befor  especially  devised  to  my  Executor 
may   not   produce    sufficient   for   the   purpose   there   mentioned    in    such   case 

Will  of  Joint   Van  Gesell.  189 

I  do  hereby  will  and  Authorize  my  Executor  to  sell  and  dispose  of  such  part 
of  my  Estate  before  devised  to  my  Daughter  and  Grandson  or  either  of  them 
as  he  shall  find  necessary  to  pay  Debts  with  that,  that  it  is  my  meaning  and 
desire  that  the  small  Brick  Messuage  on  the  South  Westerly  Side  of  Thwart 
Street  Adjoining  the  Widw  Blackburns  be  first  disposed  off  and  applied  and 
in  Case  of  any  Residue  in  the  Sales  under  this  last  Authority  to  my 
Executor  I  devise  the  same  to  my  Daughter  Gertrude  solely  and  absolutely. 
And  lastly  I  do  hereby  Nominate  Constitute  and  appoint  the  said  George 
Read  Executor  of  this  my  last  will  and  in  case  of  his  death  or  other 
disability  I  do  hereby  Nominate  Constitute  and  appoint  Mr.  Curtis  Clay  of 
the  City  of  Philadelphia  Merchant  Sole  Executor  of  this  will  giving  and 
granting  unto  him  the  like  Powers  of  Selling  and  Conveying  and  after- 
wards of  Applying  the  monnies  arising  therefrom  as  are  herein  before 
given  and  intrusted  to  the  said  George  Read  and  I  do  revoke  and  make  void 
all  former  and  other  Wills  and  Testaments  by  me  at  any  time  or  times  here- 
tofore made  and  do  declare  this  to  be  my  last  Will  and  Testament.  In 
Witness  whereof  I  have  hereto  set  my  hand  and  seal  this  second  day  of 
March  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one  thousand  seven  hundred  and  eighty  three. 

Jn.  Vangezell  (L.  S.) 

Signed  sealed  and  published  by  the  before  named  John  Vangezell  as  and 
for  his  last  Will  and  Testament  in  the  presence  of  us  who  subscribed  our 
names  thereto  As  witnesses  at  his  request  and  in  his  presence. 

John  Read. 
Ross  Thomson. 

Personally  appeared  John  Read  one  of  the  Subscribing  evidences  to  the 
within  and  foregoing  will  and  being  duly  sworn  doth  say  that  he  did  see 
and  hear  John  van  Gezell  sign  seal  publish  pronounce  and  declare  the  within 
and  foregoing  Instrument  of  writing  as  his  last  Will  and  Testament  that  at 
the  time  of  his  so  doing  and  saying  he  was  (to  the  best  of  his  belief)  of  sound 
and  disposing  mind  and  memory  that  he  did  sign  his  name  as  an  evidence 
thereunto  at  his  Request.  In  his  presence  and  in  the  Presence  of  Ross 
Thomson  Esquire  whom  he  did  see  sign  as  one  other  evidence  at  the  same 
time.  In  Testimony  whereof  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  at  New  Castle 
this  4th  day  of  June  Anno  Domini   17S7. 

xGun.  Bedford,  Regr. 

IGunning  Bedford  was  a  son-in-law  of  Colonel  John  Read  (168S-1756),  of  Delaware, 
having  married  his  only  daughter,  Mary,  and  was  brother-in-law  of  Hon.  George  Read, 
the  "  Signer,"   named  above  as  executor   of  John  Van   Gezel. 


ELIZABETH  ROSS,  better  known  as  Betsey,  was  born  in  Philadelphia, 
Pa.,  January  I,  1752,  and  was  the  daughter  of  Samuel  and  Rebecca 
Griscom.  Her  father,  a  member  of  the  Society  of  Friends,  was  a  noted 
builder,  having  assisted  in  the  erection  of  Independence  Hall.  Skilful  with  her 
needle,  she  was  fond  of  embroidery  and  other  artistic  and  delicate  work,  and 
after  her  marriage  to  John  Ross  in  1773,  who  was  a  son  of  the  Rev.  Aneas 
Ross,  assistant  rector  of  Christ  Church,  and  a  nephew  of  Col.  George  Ross,  a 
signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence  and  a  grandson  of  Rev.  Geo.  Ross, 
of  New  Castle,  Del.,  they  went  into  the  upholstery  business,  which  they 
conducted  until  January,  1776,  when  John  Ross  died  from  an  injury  received 
while  guarding  military  stores.  The  young  widow  continued  the  business 
alone.  When  Congress  appointed  a  committee  to  design  a  suitable  flag 
for  the  nation  in  June,  1776,  on  which  was  Col.  Geo.  Ross,  General  Wash- 
ington and  Robert  Morris,  the  committee,  at  the  suggestion  of  Colonel  Rossr 
went  to  her  shop,  at  Xo.  239  Arch  street,  and  engaged  her  to  make  the  flag 
from  a  design  drawn  up  by  Washington  and  Colonel  Ross,  who  was  learned  in 
the  science  of  Heraldry.  The  drawing  represented  the  outlines  of  a  flag  of 
thirteen  stripes  with  a  center  or  union  dotted  with  thirteen  six-pointed  stars. 
Mrs.  Ross  suggested  changing  the  stars  trom  six  points  to  five  points,  because 
one  would  cut  them  out  so  much  easier,  illustrating  this  by  deftly  folding  a 
bit  of  paper,  and  with  a  single  snip  of  her  scissors  producing  the  star. 
The  sample  flag  made  by  her  was  accepted  by  the  committee  and  adopted  by 
Congress  June  14.  1777.  After  this  she  received  the  contract  to  make  all 
government  flags  and  held  it  many  years,  her  daughter,  Mrs.  Clarissa  Wilson, 
continuing  the  business  uniil  1857.  Mrs.  Ross  was  afterwards  married  to 
Captain  Ashburn.  and  for  the  third  time  to  John  Claypole.  She  died  in 
Philadelphia,  Pa.,  January  30.  1836. 

In  connection  with  Mrs.  Ross'  making  the  first  official  flag  of  the  United 
States  it  may  not  be  uninteresting  to  give  a  few  facts  about  the  origin  of  the 
most  beautiful  flag  in  the  world.  The  first  striped  flag  used  by  the  Americans 
was  that  used  at  Washington's  headquarters  at  Cambridge.  Mass.,  January  2, 
1776.  General  Washington  says  of  it :  "  We  hoisted  the  Union  flag  in  com- 
pliment to  the  United  Colonies  and  saluted  it  with  thirteen  guns."  This  flag 
had  thirteen  stripes,  alternate  red  and  white,  with  the  united  crosses  of 
St.  George  and  St.  Andrew  on  a  blue  field,  the  cross  of  St.  George  fimbri- 
cated  to  represent  the  original  white  field  of  the  flag  of  St.  George.  It  is 
said  that  Paul  Jones  first  hoisted  the  flag  of  America  in  1775 ;  this  is  about 
two  years  before  the  Congress,  in  session  at  Philadelphia,  resolved  "that 
the  flag  of  the  thirteen  United  States  be  thirteen  stripes,  alternate  red  and 
white ;    the   union   to   be   thirteen   stars   on   a  blue   field,   representing  a   new 

Betsey  Ross  and  the  American  Flag. 


constellation,  the  stars  to  be  arranged  in  a  circle."  Therefore,  even  though 
Elizabeth  Robbins  Berry,  in  her  interesting  article  on  the  American  flag, 
states  that  this  flag  is  still  in  existence  and  that  it  has  thirteen  stripes  and 
twelve  stars  (?)  I  think  there  must  be  some  mistake,  because  it  is  contrary  to 
tradition  and  history  as  far  as  we  know.  I  believe  the  flag  that  was  hoisted 
by  Paul  Jones  was  that  which  was  used  by  Washington  at  Cambridge,  and 
that  either  the  flag  now  in  existence  is  another  of  Paul  Jones'  flags  of  a  later 
date  or  the  same  one  with  the  union  changed.  Tradition  states  that  Colonel 
George  Ross  was  the  real  designer  of  the  first  American  flag.     He  was  a 

Arms  of  the  United  States  of  America. 

lawyer  of  distinction,  a  student  and  a  man  of  great  ability.  He  was  much 
interested  in  heraldry.  It  is  said  that  Washington  was  naturally  anxious 
to  preserve  something  of  the  striped  flag  that  he  had  used  at  Cambridge 
and  also  that  he  was  anxious  to  do  away  with  the  crosses  which  suggested 
a  dependency  on  Great  Britain.  Washington's  coach  had  emblazoned  upon 
it  his  coat-of-arms  argent  two  bars  and  three  mullets  or  stars  gules  (a 
white  shield  and  three  red  stars  at  the  top  and  two  red  stripes  across  the 
shield)  and  for  crest  an  eagle  rising  out  of  a  ducal  coronet.  These  arms  gave 
Colonel  George  Ross  his  inspiration  and  he  suggested  to  Washington  the 
placing  of  thirteen  stars  in  the  blue  union,  thus  representing  to  the  world 
a   new  constellation. 

192  Rossiana. 

Some  persons  have  thought  that  this  new  constellation  represented  that  of 
Lyra,  symbol  of  harmony.  This  idea  was  brought  out  when  the  coat-of-arms 
of  the  United  States  was  invented  and  was  suggested  by  the  striped  shield 
and  the  stars  above,  rind  this  constellation  was  actually  engraved  upon 
passports  as  the  arms  of  the  United  States  under  the  Adams'  and  other 
presidents.  The  first  flag  bore  thirteen  stars  in  a  circle  and  the  constellation 
Lyra  has  not  this  form ;  the  lyre,  which  is  its  emblem,  however,  reversed. 
looks  a  little  like  our  national  shield.  Col.  George  Ross,  who,  like  most  of 
the  officers  in  the  army,  was  a  great  admirer  of  General  Washington,  wished 
to  pay  him  a  compliment  by  placing  the  stars  in  the  union  and  at  the  same 
time  please  the  general  by  retaining  the  stripes  of  the  original  flag,  keeping 
the  alternate  white  and  red  of  Washington's  shield.  The  coat-of-arms 
invented  after  naturally  followed  the  flag  in  colors,  but  the  chief  of  blue 
had  no  stars  upon  it  and  the  stars  of  the  arms  were  placed  in  a  glory  in  the 
form  of  a  double  triangle.  The  eagle  of  the  Washington  crest  was  turned 
into  an  eagle  displayed  which,  when  it  is  alone  and  bears  a  shield  upon  its 
breast,  denotes  empire.  The  American  eagle  was  naturally  chosen  as  more 
emblematical  of  the  new  nation  than  an  heraldic  one.  The  thirteen  arrows 
and  the  branch  of  olive  in  the  claws  are  the  only  symbols  not  found  in  the 
Washington  arms,  and  as  they  were  symbolic  of  peace  and  war  it  was  only 
natural  to  add  them  to  the  new  design. 


The  appended  interesting  matter  is  taken  from  a  paper  read  by  Airs.  Eliza- 
beth Robbins  Berry,  of  the  Woman's  Relief  Corps,  at  the  Y.  W.  C.  A.  flag 
drill,  Albany,  N.  Y.,  1907: 

It  is  claimed  that  the  first  using  of  the  stars  and  stripes  in  actual  military 
service  was  at  Fort  Stanwix,  afterward  Fort  Schuyler,  now  Rome,  X.  Y., 
in  1777.  On  August  second  of  that  year  the  fort  was  besieged  by  the 
English  and  Indians.  The  brave  garrison  was  without  a  flag,  but  one  was 
made  in  the  fort.  The  red  was  contributed  by  a  woman,  who  tore  stripes 
from  a  petticoat  for  the  purpose,  the  white  from  shirts  given  by  the  men 
and  the  blue  was  a  piece  of  Col.  Peter  Gansevoort's  military  cloak. 

The  flag  of  thirteen  stripes  and  thirteen  stars  was  used  at  Brandywine, 
at  Germantown,  floated  over  the  surrender  of  Burgoyne,  cheered  the  patriots 
during  the  long  winter  at  Valley  Forge,  waved  at  Yorktown,  and  shared  in 
the  rejoicings  at  the  close  of  the  war. 

There  was  no  change  in  the  flag  until  1794.  Vermont  having  come  into 
the  Union  in  1791,  and  Kentucky  in  1792,  a  bill  was  presented  in  Congress 
increasing  the  number  of  both  stars  and  stripes  to  fifteen.  This  bill  caused 
much  debate.  One  wise  legislator  said :  "  The  flag  should  be  permanent. 
We  may  go  on  altering  it  for  a  hundred  years.  Very  likely  in  fifteen  years 
we  shall  number  fifteen  States."     This  was  almost  literally  fulfilled. 

The  bill  was  finally  passed  and  the  fifteen-striped  flag  was  used  for 
twenty-three  years,  including  the  period  of  the  War  of  1812.  It  was  in  this 
form  that  the  flag  inspired  Francis  Scott  Key  to  write  what  is  now  our 
national   anthem,   "  The   Star   Spangled   Banner."     The   flag   is   still  in   exist- 

First  United  States  Flag.  193 

ence,  stored  in  a  safety  deposit  vault  in  New  York  city.  Upon  the  death  of 
its  owner  it  will  probably  become  the  property  of  some  historical  society. 

In  1818  the  number  of  States  had  increased  to  nineteen,  and  now  comes  a 
very  interesting  item  in  our  flag's  history.  At  the  head  of  Wendover  avenue 
in  Clermont  Park.  Borough  of  the  Bronx.  New  York  city,  is  the  old 
Zabriskie  mansion,  located  in  the  centre  on  the  high  hill  overlooking  the 
avenue,  and  the  present  headquarters  of  the  "  Department  of  Parks."  Over 
this  building  floats  daily  from  sunrise  to  sunset  a  large  flag  observable  from 
a  great  distance  in  every  direction,  and  its  setting,  like  the  flag  itself,  thrills 
the  observer.  Wendover  avenue  is  named  for  the  Hon.  Peter  H.  Wendover, 
Member  of  Congress,  to  whom  our  country  is  indebted  for  the  design  of 
the  flag  as  it  now  appears  —  the  thirteen  stripes  of  white  and  red  diverging 
from  the  constellation  of  forty-five  stars  in  the  blue  held. 

The  passenger  on  his  way  up  through  the  Bronx  on  the  elevated  or  trolley 
railroad  will  note  the  call  of  the  conductor  at  Wendover  avenue,  which  is 
also  East  One  Hundred  and  Seventy-second  street,  but  he  or  she  would  not 
be  reminded  how  sacred  is  ihe  name  to  national  pride,  a  historical  part  of 
the  "  Stars  and  Stripes." 

The  writer  is  indebted  for  much  of  the  valuable  information  concerning 
Congressman  Wendover  and  his  part  in  our  flag's  career  to  Rocellus  S. 
Guernsey,  a  resident  of  the  Bronx  for  about  thirty  years  and  an  author  of 
several  works  on  New  York  history,  and  for  one  of  which  this  city  council 
gave  him,  in  1896,  a  vote  of  thanks. 

It  was  on  the  9th  of  December,  1816,  at  the  second  session  of  Congress  that 
Mr.  Wendover  took  the  matter  up.  and  at  his  instance  a  committee  was 
appointed  of  which  he  was  chairman.  It  made  a  report  which  was  not  then 
acted  upon,  and  the  subject  was  dropped  at  the  close  of  the  session.  He  was 
a  sailmaker  in  New  York  and  made  flags  for  all  that  required  them,  so  he 
knew  by  actual  experience  the  impracticability  there  was  in  continuing  to  add 
a  stripe  as  each  new  State  was  admitted. 

Soon  after  the  meeting  of  Congress  in  December,  1817,  to  which  he  had 
been  elected,  Mr.  Wendover  offered  a  resolution  "  that  a  committee  be 
appointed  to  inquire  into  the  expedience  of  altering  the  flag  of  the  United 
States,  and  that  they  have  to  report  by  bill  or  otherwise."  He  said :  "  Had 
the  flag  of  the  United  States  never  undergone  an  alteration  he  certainly 
would  not  propose  to  make  a  further  alteration  in  it."  It  was  his  impression, 
he  said,  and  he  thought  it  was  generally  believed  that  the  flag  would  be 
essentially  injured  by  an  alteration  on  essentially  the  same  principle  as  that 
which  had  been  made  of  increasing  the  number  of  the  stripes  and  stars. 

He  stated  the  incongruity  of  the  flags  in  use,  except  those  in  the  navy,  not 
agreeing  with  the  law  and  greatly  varying  from  each  other.  He  instanced  the 
flags  flying  over  the  building  in  which  Congress  sat  and  at  the  navy  yard. 
one  of  which  contained  nine  stripes,  the  other  eighteen  and  neither  of  them 
compatible  to  law.  After  some  further  remarks  the  motion  was  put  and 
agreed  to  without  opposition,  and  he  was  named  chairman  of  the  committee 
to  report  a  law. 



The  matter  was  referred  by  this  committee  to  Capt.  Samuel  C.  Reid,1  of 
New  York,  who  had  distinguished  himself  as  captain  of  a  privateer  by  the 
capture  of  several  British  ships,  and  as  a  result  the  committee  reported  as 
follows : 

"  That  they  are  led  to  believe  no  alteration  could  be  more  emblematic  of 
our  origin  and  present  existence,  as  composed  of  a  number  of  independent 
and  united  States,  that  to  reduce  the  stripes  to  the  original  number  of  thirteen 
to  represent  the  number  of  States  then  contending  for  and  happily  achieving 
their  independence  and  to  increase  the  stars  to  correspond  with  the  number 
of  stars  now  in  the  Union  and  hereafter  to  add  one  star  to  the  flag  whenever 
a  new  State  shall  be  fully  admitted. 

"  The  alteration  proposed  will  direct  the  view  to  two  strong  facts  in  our 
national  history  and  teach  the  world  an  important  reality,  that  republican 
government  is  not  only  practicable  but  that  it  is  also  progressive.  It  points 
to  the  States  as  they  commenced  and  as  they  now  are.  and  will,  with  an 
inconsiderable  addition,  direct  the  mind  to  a  future  state  of  things." 

Air.  Wendover  said  in  making  the  report  for  the  committee:  "It  cannot  be 
deemed  proper  to  go  on  and  increase  the  stripes  in  our  flag.  There  are  now 
twenty  States ;  what  number  they  will  ultimately  extend  to  none  can  con- 
jecture. Sir,  I  am  not  now  speaking  of  conquest,  but  I  can  no  more  believe 
that  any  portion  of  the  earth  will  remain  in  perpetual  thraldom  and  be 
forever  tributary  to  a  foreign  power  than  I  can  subscribe  to  the  doctrine  of 
a  ceaseless  succession  of  legitimate  kings."  (At  that  time  Spain,  Portugal, 
Mexico,  France,  England,  Russia  and  other  foreign  governments  ruled  large 
territories  adjoining  the  United  States  or  islands  near  the  latter.) 

In  conclusion  he  said:  "Air.  Chairman,  in  viewing  this  subject  there 
appears  to  be  a  happy  coincidence  of  circumstances  in  having  adopted  the 
symbols  in  this  Hag  and  a  peculiar  fitness  of  things  in  making  the  proposed 
alteration.  In  that  part  designed  at  a  distance  to  characterize  our  country, 
and  which  ought,  for  the  information  of  other  nations,  to  appear  conspicuous 
and  remain  permanent,  you  present  the  number  of  States  that  burst  the 
bonds  of  oppression  and  achieved  our  independence ;  while  in  the  part 
intended  for  a  nearer,  or  home  view,  you  see  a  representation  of  our  happy 
union  as  it  now  exists,  and  space  sufficient  to  embrace  the  symbols  of  those 
who  may  hereafter  join  under  our  banners." 

Thereupon  Congress  enacted  the  flag  law  of  1818,  and  the  first  flag  in  its 
present  form  was  made  by  the  wife  of  Captain  Reid,  assisted  by  a  number 
of  patriotic  ladies,  at  her  home  in  Cherry  street,  Xew  York  city.  This  flag 
had  twenty-one  stars,  and  it  was  provided  further  by  Congress  that  a  star 
should  be  added  upon  the  admission  of  every  new  State.  The  plan  of 
arranging  the  stars  in  rows  was  then  adopted,  and  has  since  been  continued. 
It  is  notable  that  no  star  was  taken  from  the  flag  during  the  civil  conflict 
in  the  6o's.  the  government  maintaining  that  the  tie  which  binds  the  States 
could  not  be  severed.  Another  flag  was  used  in  the  seceding  States  for  a 
few  years,  but  the  flag  of  the  Union  is  now  the  flag  of  the  South  as  of  the 
North,  as  was  amply  proven  during  the  Spanish-American  War. 

aCaptain    S.    C.    Reid    was    no    relation    to    George   Read,   "  The   Signer." 

Descent  of  the  Ancient  and 
Historic  Read  Family. 


THE   American   family   of   Read,   which   began   with   Colonel   John    Read 
(born    in    Dublin,    1688),    whose    father    was    fifth    in    descent    from 
Thomas  Read,  lord  of  the  manors  of  Barton  Court  and  Beedon,  in 
Berkshire,  and  high  sheriff  of  Berks   in   1581,   was   descended  from  Rede  of 

The  arms  of  the  Redes  of  Troughend,  chiefs  of  the  name  in  Redesdale 
and  descendants  of  Reod  (Reoda  or  Riada)  are  as  follows:  Gules,  three 
sheaves  of  wheat  between  a  chevron  or,  bearing  three  stalks  of  wheat  vert; 
crest,  a  dragon  or  griffin  ;   motto,  "  In  God  is  all." 

The  arms  of  the  Barton   Court   family  bore  four  sheaves,   in  place  of  the 
three   borne   by  the   Troughend   family,   and  the   saltire   in   the   Barton   Court 
house  is  changed  to  a  chevron  in  the  Troughend  family,  with  a  part  of  the 
fourth   wheat   sheaf  placed   upon   the   chevron.     The   crest  is   not   the   same; 
neither  is  the  motto.   The  descent  of 
the    two    families    from    the    same 
ancestor   is,   however,    clearly    indi- 

A  manuscript  of  the  time  of 
Queen  Elizabeth  has  a  passage  in 
which  Rede  of  Troughend  is  thus 
described :  '*  Ye  Laird  of  Trough- 
wen,  the  Chief  of  the  name  of  Reed 
and  divers  followers."  In  1542  the 
Redes  of  Troughend  and  their  rela- 
tives were  reckoned  the  second  clan 
of  the  dale  of  Rede. 

The  oldest  forms  of  the  name  of  the  family  in  Redesdale  are  Rede  and 
Read,  which,  in  the  Troughend  family,  became  changed  to  Reed,  and  in 
the  Barton  Court  family  to  Reade,  except  the  American  branch,  which  still 
spells  it  Read. 



A  stone  tablet  in  Elsdon  Church,  Redesdale  (an  illustration  of  which 
appears  herewith),  erected  to  Ellerington  Reed,  Esq.,  of  Troughend,  who 
died  January  5,  1758,  aged  forty-four,  has  this  remarkable  inscription  above 
the  coat  of  arms  :  "  The  ancient  family  of  Troughend  for  above  800  yrs."  The 
last  of  the  Redes  of  Troughend,  Chiefs  of  the  name,  was  Ellerington  Reed, 
Esquire,  who  sold  Troughend  and  died  in  1829.  His  second  daughter  and 
fifth  child  married  a  Mr.  Hall.  This  very  probably  makes  the  Reads,  or 
Reades,   of   Oxfordshire,   the   chiefs   of   the   name   in   the   world. 



At  the  battle  of  Agincourt,  which  took  place  Friday,  the  25th  clay  of 
October.  1415.  one  Rouland  de  Rede  (whose  shield  was  or,  a  saltire  between 
four  garbs  gules)  was  in  the  retinue  of  Sir  John  Gray,  thirty-five  lances  and 
ninety-six  archers.  At  the  same  battle  John  Rede  was  one  of  the  lances 
(Esquires)  in  the  retinue  of  the  Duke  of  Gloucestershire. 


The  appended  information  was  taken  from  documents,  with  the  exception 
of  the  first  paragraph. 

I    regret   that   I    am   unable    to   give   the    name   of   Sir   Thomas   de   Rede's 

father  from  documentary  evidence, 
but  tradition  states  that  it  was 
Thomas  de  Rede  of  Redesdale 

The  seal  of  Sir  Thomas  de  Rede 
of  Redesdale,  bearing  a  chevron  be- 
tween three  garbs,  was  dug  up  on 
the  estate  of  Lord  Tankerville  and 
is  of  the  date  1300  A.  D. 

Thomas  Rede,  in  1400.  was  bound 
to  William  de  Swinburne  for  the 
ransom  of  William  Mostrop. 

Thomas  Reide.  in  1429,  served  on 
a  jury  concerning  Elsdon  Church. 

Thomas  Rede  de  Redesdale  was 
returned    by    the   commissioners    of 


Thomas  Reed,  or  Rede,  swore  al- 
legiance to  Henry  VI  in  1435. 

William      Rede     of     Troughend, 
Lord    of    Trougen     ( name    spelled 
Red  at   times),  in    1552  was  a  com- 
missioner of  enclosure  and  witness 
to    the    will    of    Clermont    Read    of 
Old   Town    (name  spelled   Red  and 
Read  in  the  will). 
Johannes  Rede,  in  the  -ixteenth  century,  was  seized  of  Troughend. 
Percival   Reed  was   rated   for  the   Manor  of  Troughend  in  1618  and   1638; 
cited  before  the  Consistory  Court  of  Durham. 

Gabriel  Read  was  prior  of  the  Manor  of  Redesdale  in  1646,  and  in  1667 
settled  Troughend  on  his  son  Percival.     He  was  living  in  1685. 

Percival,  his  son.  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Gabriel  Hall,  and  by  her 
had  issue  — Gabriel  (died  1718),  who  married  Isabella,  daughter  of  John 

Ellerington  Reed  of  Troughend  (1714-1758)  married  Dorothy  Boutrlower 
of  Apperley   (  1717-1702  ). 

Ellerington  Recti.  2d  (1743-1X29).  married  Mary  Snowdon  of  Prendwick, 
and   aliened   Troughend  to   Christopher   Reed   of   Chipchase,    December,    1764. 

Tablet  in   Elsdon  (  ihrch. 

The  Redes  of  Redesdale.  199 

His  son,  Gabriel,  married  Jane  Hunston  of  Kintreadwell.  His  brother, 
Robert,  married  Nancy  Anderson,  and  by  her  had  Gabriel,  James  and  Percy. 
Of  these  sons  one  only  is  alleged  to  have  survived,  and  must  be  now  dead. 

In  1522  the  Troughend  Redes  were  reckoned  chiefs  of  the  clan.  Of  the 
Hoppen  branch  of  the  Troughend  Redes,  the  first  on  record  is  George  Read 
of  Heathpool,  living  in  1743. 

Arms  of  Reed  of  the  Cragg  —  Gules  a  chevron  between  three  garbs  or. 
Crest  —  A  griffin  or. 

Arms  of  Reed  (or  Read)  of  Heathpool  and  Hoppen  —  Or,  on  a  chevron 
between  three  garbs,  as  many  ears  of  reed  argent.  Crest  —  A  demi-griffin 
or,  holding  an  oak  branch  proper.     Motto  —  In  deo  omnia. 


The  following  pedigree,  which  I  found  among  my  papers,  will  be  of  pass- 
ing interest  to  those  of  the  name:  To  the  members  of  our  family  the  name 
of  Thomas  Rede,  living  in  1429,  "  whose  son,  Edmund  Rede,  possessed 
property  at  Hedington  Oxon,"  will  be  of  the  greatest  interest.  On  the  other 
hand,  Edmund  Rede,  Lord  of  Borstal,  who  is  mentioned  in  this  genealogy, 
we  know  bore  arms  that  were  not  those  of  the  Reads,  of  Oxfordshire,  or 
the  Redes,  of  Troughend. 

The  seal  of  Sir  Edmund  Rede  bears  the  following  heraldic  device:  In  the 
center  is  a  helmet,  on  which  is  the  crest,  a  wild  boar.  On  either  side  of  it 
are  dogs  entangled  in  the  lambrequins.  The  helmet  rests  upon  a  shield  con- 
taining three  stags'  heads  on  one  side  and  three  birds  on  the  other  (parted 
per  pale)  around  the  seal  Re  de  Militis. 

Galfrinus  de  Rede,  son  of  David  de  Rede  (whose  brother,  John  de  Rede, 
held  lands  from  the  Bishop  of  Norwich),  grandson  of  Robert  de  Rede,  and 
great  grandson,  by  Margaret  Glanville,  his  wife,  of  William  de  Rede,  who 
was  fourth  in  descent  from  Brianus  de  Rede,  living  in  1139.  had  three  sons: 
1.  Robert  of  Rede,  who  married  Cicilia  Randall,  and  died  in  1346,  leaving  a 
son.  Robert,  consecrated  Bishop  of  Carlisle  8th  February,  1396,  and  trans- 
lated same  year  to  Chichester,  died  1415,  left  his  property  to  the  Dean  and 
Chapter;  2,  William,  Bishop  of  Chichester,  consecrated  in  1369,  died  18th 
August,  1385,  and,  3.  Thomas  Rede,  living  in  1429,  whose  son,  Edmund 
Rede,  possessed  property  at  Hedington  Oxon.  He  married  Cristiana, 
daughter  of  Robert  James  and  Catharine  de  la  Pole,  his  wife,  and  had  (with 
a  son,  Edmund,  whose  son,  Edmund,  was  Lord  of  Borstal),  another  son  and 
heir,  John  Rede,  Mayor  of  Norwich  in  1388,  and  Sergeant  at  Law  in  1402, 
who  had  (with  a  daughter,  Magdalina,  married  to  J.  Paston,  of  Paston, 
esquire,  d.   1429)  two  sons,  Henry  Patron,  of  Clothall. 

The  eldest  son.  John  Rede,  of  Norwich,  married  Joan  Ludlowe.  died  nth 
November,  1502.  leaving,  with  other  issue,  Thomas  Rede,  of  Beccles,  who 
married  Phillippa  Bacon,  and  had  five  sons:  1,  William:  2.  John,  of  Nor- 
wich, warden  of  New  College,  Oxon,  in  1520,  died  1521;  3.  Alan  Abbot,  of 
Waltham,  1507;  4,  Edward,  Sheriff  of  Norfolk.  1508,  and  Member  Parlia- 
ment,  who   died   in    1524,   was   father   of   Sir    Peter   Rede,    Knighted   by   the 


Rossi  a  n  a. 

Emperor  Charles  V  after  the  siege  of  Tunis;  he  married  twice,  had  a  grant 
of  arms,  died  1568,  and  5.  Thomas,  Rector  of  Beccles,  died  1543. 

Arms  —  Az  on  a  bend  wavy  or  three  Cornish  choughs  within  a  bordure 
engrailed  argent  charged  with  torteaue  and  twists  alternately. 

Crest  —  A  buck's  head  erased  argent,  attired  or  between  two  palm 
branches,  of  the  second  charged  on  the  neck  with  three  bars  gemelles  or 
three  Cornish  choughs  proper. 


The  first  Free  Mason  of  the  race  seems  to  have  been  William  Rede, 
Bishop  of  Chichester,  Kent.  His  family  came  from  Read  in  Marden.  His 
first  preferment  was  that  of  Provost  of  Wingham  College. 

Ancient  Library  of  Merton  College. 

Founded   by  William  Rede,   Bishop  of  Chichester,  who  died  in  1385. 

View  of  the  Library  from  the  grove. 

Bred  a  fellow  of  Merton  College,  he  there  built  a  fair  library,  furnishing  it 
with  books  and  astronomical  tables  of  his  own  making,  which  (they  say), 
are  still  to  be  seen  therein.  Retaining  his  mathematical  impressions,  he 
commendably  expressed  them  in  architecture,  erecting  a  castle,  himself 
working  as  master  mason,  at  Amberley  in  Sussex.  His  death  happened 
anno  domini  1385.  He  was  noted  for  his  knowledge  of  the  faculty  of  Abrax 
and  the  universal  language.  His  mason  (bench)  mark  was  the  five-pointed 
star  or  pentagram. 

Origin  of  the  Arms  of  Rede,  or  Read.  201 


An  ancient  tradition  tells  us  how  the  Irish  chieftain  Riada  or  Reod  was 
converted  to  the  faith  of  Christ  by  a  learned  cnldee,  and,  burning  to  convert 
those  who  knew  not  the  true  faith,  he  cast  his  eyes  upon  the  shores  of  Scot- 
land, which  were  visible  on  a  clear  day  from  that  part  of  Ireland  where  he 
dwelt.  Assembling  his  sept  and  all  his  fighting  men,  he  made  known  his 
will,  and  the 'following  month  he  and  his  tribe  set  forth  in  their  rough  ships 
to  convert  the  heathen  of  other  lands,  and,  as  the  fashion  then  was  among 
the  pious,  to  try  and  convert  some  of  the  lands  of  their  neighbors  to  their 
own  use. 

Landing  at  a  time  of  the  year  when  the  corn  had  been  gathered  into 
sheaves,  a  great  battle  was  fought  by  Reod  in  a  field  just  beyond  what  was 
the  great  fortified  city  of  the  heathen  Scots. 

The  sun  had  just  set  and  a  glow  of  red  light  was  lingering  over  the 
battlefield,  the  enemy  had  retired  in  some  confusion  into  their  walled  city, 
and  Reod,  "  with  silver  helmet  and  falcon  crest,  with  locks  of  hair  of  reddish 
gold  and  eyes  that  pierced  like  the  falcon's  glare,"  "  dressed  in  armour  of 
chain  and  hide,  with  legs  all  bound  with  thongs  of  skin,  in  one  hand  held  his 
heavy  shield  of  hide,  bound  with  gold,  and  in  the  other  his  axe,  the  handle 
inlaid  with  pearls,  his  shoulders  covered  with  a  cloak,  checked  with  red  and 
gold  (the  symbol  of  his  clan),"  tired  and  bleeding  from  many  a  wound  made 
his  way  to  a  great  oak  tree  not  far  away,  there  to  rest  himself. 

Before  he  had  time,  however  to  seat  himself  beneath  the  tree  a  great 
light  appeared  from  under  the  branches,  and  our  chieftain  saw  a  man  in 
white  robe,  fringed  with  blue,  standing  before  him,  and  Reod  knew  that  he 
saw  his  Master  —  that  Christ  of  whom  the  culdee  had  so  often  spoken.  A 
terrible  fear  came  over  him  who  had  never  known  fear,  and  he  fell  upon 
his  knees. 

The  tradition  tells  little  else,  except  the  words  spoken  to  him,  and  they 
are  faltering  —  possibly  because  of  the  rendering  them  into  many  languages 
before  they  reached  our  own. 

Pointing  to  four  wheat  sheaves  that  were  still  left  standing  after  the  bat- 
tle, and  taking  them  evidently  as  symbols  of  the  richness  and  worth  of  the 
land  they  were  in,  the  figure  said: 

Reod,  these  I  give  to  thee.  Then  pointing  to  a  heap  of  the  slain  soldiers 
of  Reod's  army,  he  said: 

Because  this  blood  was  shed  for  me. 

Beneath  this  great  and  noble  tree  I  have  met  thee,  Reod. 

Because  what  thou  hast  done  is  good. 

Two  of  its  branches  thou  shalt  take  and  with  them  thou  shalt  make  a  cross 
which  thou  shalt  bear  against  yonder  gate  and  with  it  that  proud  city  take. 

Fare  thee  well  Reod. 

With  these  last  words  the  figure  vanished  and  Reod  the  brave  was  left  in 

Early  the  next  morning  the  slaves  were  ordered  to  make  a  gigantic  cross 
of  the  great  branches  of  the  tree  under  which  Reod  had  conversed  with  his 

202  Russia  u  a. 

The  astrologer  of  the  prince  having  declared  that  the  hour  had  come  for 
beginning  the  battle,  and  the  cross  being  finished  in  the  form  of  an  X  or 
saltire,  it  was  carried  by  twenty  of  the  Dal  Reodii  in  front  of  the  army,  and 
amid  the  deafening  roar  of  trumpets  was  placed  against  the  gate  of  the  city, 
serving  as  a  rough  ladder  for  the  soldiers  of  Reod,  who  climbed  upon  it  and 
dropped  on  the  other  side  and  fighting  their  way  to  the  very  feet  of  the 
enemies'  king  slew  him  and  carried  his  head  to  Reod.  The  city  was  thus 
taken  by  the  aid  of  the  cross,  and  all  those  of  the  enemy  who  were  willing  to 
bow  their  heads  to  the  Symbol  of  the  new  faith  were  spared  and  became  the 
subjects  of  Reod  the  brave,  who  reigned  for  many  years  afterwards  in  that 
part  of  Scotland. 

Four  hundred  years  afterwards  another  Reod,  descended  from  the  first, 
was  in  turn  driven  out  of  the  same  city  (or  castle)  and  forced  to  cross  over 
into  the  wilds  of  Northumberland  with  his  family  and  followers.  He  settled 
in  a  dale  near  a  beautiful  river,  to  which  dale  he  gave  his  name,  Reodsdale, 
or  Readsdale.  The  miraculous  cross  was  carried  into  Readsdale  and  was 
for  many  centuries  the  centre  of  many  pilgrimages;  it  finally  fell  to  pieces 
because  of  its  great  age  and  what  remained  of  it  was  buried  at  a  place  called 
Elsdon  and  a  church  was  erected  over  it. 

The  descendants  of  Reod.  as  time  went  on,  multiplied  greatly  within  the 
dale  and  the  chief  of  the  clan  lived  for  eight  hundred  years  at  a  place  called 
Troughend  —  many  of  the  family  removing  during  the  years  1200  and  1300 
to  Morpeth. 

When  heraldry  as  a  science  first  became  known  among  men,  about  the 
year  1000  A.  D..  the  descendants  of  Reod  took  for  their  device  the  four 
wheat  sheaves  and  the  miraculous  cross  of  Reod  on  a  bloody  field. 


FROM  the  remote  period  when  Reod,  expelled  from  Dunstaffnage, 
descended  first  on  a  Northumberland  vale  and  made  it  his  own,  to 
the  Plantagenets,  represents  an  hiatus  valde  deffendus.  Research  may 
eventually  add  to  our  slender  stock  of  information  and  bridge  over  the 
centuries  which  divide  the  founder  from  those  notable  houses  established 
by  his  descendants  at  different  points  in  the  wide  area  known  still  as 

Our  difficulty  is  largely  increased  because  Borderland  changed  hands  so 
often.  Northumberland,  until  the  Battle  of  the  Standard,  was  an  integral 
part  of  the  realm  of  Scotland.  As  a  Scot  Reod  came  there.  He  did  not 
seek  refuge  in  another  land,  but  settled  on  the  fringe  of  what  was  Kennett's 
Kingdom,  acknowledging  in  all  probability  his  sovereignty.  Had  Northum- 
berland been  acquired  by  the 
Conqueror  we  should  have 
had   the    Doomsday   book   for 

reference.        On      the      other  .  _, 

hand,     the     independence     of  "•"*' '  *** 

the  shire,  secured  by  its  vas- 

salage  to  the  crown  of  Scot-  »—--..  **  *  , '* ' 

land,  saved  it  from  being 
absorbed  by  William's  hun- 
gry followers.  Thereby  the 
ancient  tribe  held  its  own. 
and  after  Northumberland 
became  an  item  of  England, 
the  clay  for  wholesale 
plunder  was  over,  and  suc- 
cessive  sovereigns   were   glad 

enough  of  the  lances  supplied  by  knights  of  Redesdale  in  championing  the 
cause  of  England  during  many  centuries  of  interminable  Border  warfare. 
The  Redes  therefore  preserved  their  tenure  of  the  ancient  valley  until  late  in 
the  Middle  Ages,  their  principal  homes  being  those  at  Troughend,  Morpeth, 
and  Close,  the  house  at  Chipchase  being  founded  rather  later  than  the 

Thirty  years  ago  the  connection  between  the  Redes  of  Oxon,  Berks  and 
Bucks,  with  the  Northumberland  line,  rested  only  on  tradition  and  an  identity 
of  armorial  bearings. 

The  missing  links  in  the  chain  have  now  been  discovered,  and  we  are  able 
also  to  realize  more  thoroughly  than  before  the  importance  of  Redesdale. 
It  must  have  formed  something  akin  to  a  petty  principality,  its  area  exceeding 
that  of  any  one  among  the  Highland  clans,  while  the  town  of  Morpeth,  from 


204  Rossiana. 

time  immemorial,  has  given  thereunto,  if  not  a  centre,  at  all  events  headquar- 
ters. Our  common  ancestor  was  not  only  the  feudal  lord  of  Manors  in 
Redesdale,  but  further  had  established  himself  as  a  citizen  of  Morpeth. 
Among  the  townships,  either  within  the  limits  of  Redesdale  or  on  its  borders, 
Bellingham  enjoys  pre-eminence  on  account  of  its  great  antiquity.  Dedicated 
to  St.  Cuthbert,  it  appears  to  have  been  constructed  as  much  for  defensive 
purposes  against  the  encroaching  Scots  as  for  its  proper  ecclesiastical  use. 
The  walls  exceed  in  thickness  even  those  of  the  Norman  period,  and  the 
windows  are  thin  lancets.  A  heavy  groined  roof  afforded  additional  pro- 
tection against  sudden  attack,  and  here  the  parishioners  could  find  sanctuary 
against  marauders.  Although  substantial  as  regards  exterior,  with  no  other 
adornment  than  a  bell  tower,  the  interior  shows  traces  of  delicate  workman- 
ship consisting  of  chancel,  nave  and  a  chantry-chapel,  while  the  churchyard 
formed  a  very  beautiful  terrace  overlooking  the  North  Tyne. 

Within  the  parish  of  St.  Cuthbert  is  Elsdon,  divided  into  the  following 
wards:  Elsdon,  Monkridge,  Otterburn,  Rochester,  Troughend  and  Woodside. 
At  the  foot  of  the  Cheviots  rises  that  picturesque  tributary  of  the  Tyne,  the 
River  Rede,  watering  nearly  the  entirety  of  Redesdale,  whereof  the  lords 
were  accorded  Royal  privileges,  analogous  to  those  enjoyed  in  the  South  and 
West  by  the  Barons  of  Boarstall  and  Burford.  Of  these,  one  may  be  termed 
unique,  viz.,  that  of  trying  causes  before  their  own  Justices.  Elsdon  Castle, 
now  the  Rectory,  was  built  in  the  14th  century  by  Sir  Robert  Taylboys,  whose 
arms, are  on  the  southern  parapet.  It  is  a  building  of  extraordinary  strength, 
containing  a  very  remarkable  feature  in  the  lower  story  which  is  spanned  by 
a  single  arch.  Troughend,  to  the  west  of  the  River  Rede,  comprises  an 
estate  of  26,000  acres,  chiefly  sheep-walks,  and  until  the  last  century  it 
remained  in  the  possession  of  the  family,  who  had  held  it  in  all  likelihood 
from  the  days  of  Reod,  since  the  origin  of  that  branch  cannot  be  traced. 
The  old  tower  is  mentioned  in  the  very  earliest  records.  It  stood  west- 
ward of  the  modern  mansion  erected  by  the  last  Redes  of  that  ilk. 

Passing  by  the  ancient  forest  of  Northbury  of  old,  a  portion  of  the  Rede 
estates,  we  come  to  another  monument  of  the  family,  and  a  very  splendid 
one,  in  Chipchase  Castle.  Here,  as  at  Troughend.  we  have  to  reflect  sadly 
on  the  mutability  of  human  affairs,  for  the  motto  of  the  Chipchase  Redes  is 
Quimus.  Their  Castle  rises  proudly  on  an  eminence  over  the  North  Tyne, 
but  of  the  ancient  building  a  tower  only,  with  a  projecting  battlement  resting 
on  corbels,  and  crenelated  remains.  This  tower  contains  the  tattered  frag- 
ments of  curious  paintings.  Verily  too  true  it  is  that  "  The  old  order 
changeth,  giving  place  to  new."  The  onus  lies  with  the  latter  to  prove  that 
the  change  is  an  evolution  and  not  a  devolution.  Long  before  the  Norman 
conquest  the  Baronial  Castle  at  Morpeth  was  in  possession  of  the  Redes. 
They  appear  to  have  been  dispossessed,  possibly  owing  to  a  conservatism  that 
has  been  repeated  in  their  subsequent  story,  in  favour  of  a  Walter  de  Morlay, 
or  Morlaix.  After  changes  of  ownership  it  eventually  gravitated  towards 
the  Howards,  to  whom  it  gives  the  dignity  of  Viscount. 

Although  ejected  from  the  Castle,  the  Redes  continued  to  hold  lands  and 
tenements  in  the  Borough,  albeit  with  manors  outside  it.  It  would  be 
instructive  to  trace  the  number  and  extent  of  the  manors  held  in  Redesdale 

Ancient  Redesdale.  205 

and  around  it  by  members  of  the  Rede  clan.  Their  estates  in  the  efflux  of 
centuries  became  absorbed  gradually  by  other  families,  such  as  the  Howards, 
Greys,  Mitfords,  and  above  all  by  the  Earls  of  Derwentwater,  whose  lands 
and  advowsons  were,  after  the  Rebellion  of  1715,  appropriated  to  the  use  of 
Greenwich  Hospital. 

It  is  to  the  men  of  our  name,  rather  than  to  the  mouldering  stones,  that 
tell  so  eloquently  of  the  past  of  the  race,  that  we  turn  for  proof  of  their  rank 
and  honour.  Of  these,  one  has  been  in  a  sort  of  back-handed  fashion 
immortalized  by  the  late  John  Edmund  Reade,  who,  as  he  informed  one  of 
the  family,  as  far  back  as  1858,  obtained  the  legend  in  an  old  volume  at  Ship- 
ton  Court.     It  runs  thus: 

Merrily  flashed  the  sunrays  on 

The  Castle  of  Morpeth  bright : 
Gray  tower,  and  keep,  and  Donjon  stone 

In  morning's  purple  light : 
Merrier  within  the  Court,  the  din 

Of  arming  warriors  rose, 
For  Sir  Reginald  Read 
On  his  maded  steed 

To  the  Border  foray  goes. 

"  Fling  open  the  gate,  it  waxeth  late," 

Cried  the  Knight  —  then  backward  bore 
His  rein,  for  a  swarthy  woman  sate 
With  lowering  brow  and  eye  of  hate 

On  the  coping-stone  of  the  door. 
"  In  the  fiend's  name  say,  why  stoppest  thou  our  way 

On  the  ground  with  thy  lighted  stare? 
Squat  like  a  toad  by  the  bridle  road, 

I  had  nigh  tramped  over  thee  there !  " 

"  Sir  Reginald  Read,  I  warn  thee  heed, 

Thy  menials  thrust  me  forth, 
But  I  watched  day  break  that  thou  should'st  make 

Thy  peace  with  me  on  earth." 
Wrath  lit  the  chieftain's  eye  of  flame, 

''  Dost  beg  on  our  threshold  still, 
And  worst  threat  to  our  beards  proclaim? 
Get  to  the  buttery,  in  God's  name, 

There  feast  thee  at  thy  will." 

Unfortunately  for  Sir  Reginald  at  this  juncture,  while  he  is  rather  qualifying 
this  invitation  to  the  buttery  by  some  pointed  remark  which  given  in  prose 
might  be  rendered  "  Go  and  be  hanged,"  a  fiery  steed,  disliking  the  evil  eye 
of  a  witch,  rears  and  the  lady  is  left,  in  heraldic  parlance,  couchant.  Of 
course,  after  the  manner  of  her  sort,  she  flings  a  malediction  after  his 
retreating  form,  whereunto  the  gentleman  makes  reply : 

"  Avaunt  thee,  Witch  !  If  ill  befall 
Or  me,  or  mine,  to-day, 
I'll  have  thee  hung  on  the  Castle  wall 
To  scare  the  crows  away." 

These  legends  apart,  the  stern  laws  of  dramatic  unity  compel  the  verifica- 
tion of  the  dark  lady's  prediction.  In  short,  the  ill-starred  Knight,  after 
spreading    his    falcon    pennon,    an    arrangement    which    suggests    the    query 

206  Rossiana. 

whether  the  falcon  were  a  flag  or  the  flag  a  falcon?  and  winning  his  foray, 
met  with  one  of  those  untoward  accidents  that  occur  in  the  best  regulated 

"  Pierced  by  a  spear  the  chief  on  a  bier  of  shields  was  homeward  borne." 
The  witch's  reputation  for  second-sight  was  amply  justified.  It  only 
remained  for  her,  having  thus  adorned  a  tale,  to  point  a  moral.  This  she 
does  by  tracing  a  cross  on  the  gateway  of  Morpeth  Castle,  and  beneath  this 
sacred  symbol  inscribing  a  bit  of  socialism  more  in  accordance  with  the  close 
of  the  Victorian  era  than  with  the  earlier  middle  ages,  as  thus 

"  The  dead  their  warnings  give. 

Spurn  not  the  beggar  in  her  need ; 
All  have  an  equal  right  to  live." 


The  appended  extracts  from  two  well  known  histories,  in  Latin,  with  their 
accompanying  translations,  are  given  to  show  that,  though  imperfect,  notice 
is  taken  of  Reada's  advent  into  Redesdale  and  the  giving  of  his  name  to 
the  place  : 

(Fordun   Scotichronicon,   HI).   2,   capp.    12,    13.) 

Post  cujus   [i.  e.,  Fergusii]   vero  regumque  quarundam  aliorum  decessum, 

almepos  ejus  Reuther,  quern  Beda  Readam  vocat,  ad  regimen,  regni  Scotorum 
Albionensium  succedens,  ex  terris  Britonum  quasdam  extremi  limitis  pro- 
vincias  versus  Boream  suo  dominio  subjugare.  .  .  .  Ubi  procursu  modici 
temporis  eum  suis  residens  parti  cuidam  regionis  qua  fixit  tentoria  de  nomine 
suo    Retherdale,    Anglice    Riddisdale,    inditum    est    nomen    hodiernum." 

(Translation  by  Hon.  Howard  Conkling,  former  Member  of  Assembly 
from  Warren  county,  N.  Y.) 

After  whose  departure  (or  death)  truly  and  that  of  certain  other  Kings, 
his  great-grandson  Reuther  whom  Bede  calls  Reada  (Read  or  Riad)  suc- 
ceeding to  the  government  of  the  Kingdom  of  the  Scots  in  Albion  subjugated 
to  his  own  authority  certain  provinces  of  the  territory  of  the  Britons  on  the 
extreme  northern  boundary  .  .  .  where  having  advanced  for  a  short 
time  with  his  remaining  forces,  the  present  name  Ritterdale,  in  English  Rid- 
disdale (Redesdale)  was  bestowed  upon  a  certain  part  of  the  region  where 
he  pitched  his  camp,  from  his  own  name. 

(Bede,  Eel.   History,  I.,   1.) 

Procedente  au  tern  tempore,  Britannia?  post  Brittones  et  Pictos,  tertiam 
Scotorum  nationem  in  Pictorum  parte  recepit ;  qui,  duce  Reuda,  de  Hibernia 
progressi,  vel  amicitia  vel  ferro  sibimet  inter  eos  sedes  quas  hactenus  habent. 
vidicarunt ;  a  quo  videlicet  duce  usque  hodie  Dalreudini  vocantur  nam  lingua 
eorum  "  daal  "  partem  significat. 

(Translation  by  Rev.  Mr.  Whipple,  M.  A.,  rector  of  St.  Mary's  Church, 
Luzerne,  N.   Y.) 

But  as  time  progressed  he  received  in  the  part  belonging  to  the  Picts  — 
the  Nation  of  the  Scots,  the  third  (nation)  of  Britain  after  the  Britons  and 
the  Picts,  who  having  gone  forth  from  Ireland  under  their  leader  Reuda, 
obtained  for  themselves,  either  by  friendship  or  by  the  sword  settlements 
among  them  —  which  they  hold  up  to  this  time  —  from  which  leader  even 
to  this  day  they  are  called  Dalreudini  —  for  in  their  language  "  daal  "  means 
a  part. 

Notes  Concerning  Redesdale.  207 


(From  the   "  Local   Historian's  Table   Book   of   Remarkable   Occurrences,"   etc.,   Historical 
Division,    vol.    1,    by    M.    A.    Richardson,    Newcastle-upon-Tyne,    1841.) 

[P.  74.]  1245. — At  this  period  there  were  forges  in  Redesdale,  North- 
umberland, which  made  iron  that  yielded  an  annual  rent  of  £4  2s. —  Hodgson's 

[P.  96.]  1314. —  Harbottle  castle  was  demolished  by  the  Scots,  but  was 
afterwards  restored.  This  was  part  of  the  possessions  of  the  Umfrevilles  of 
Prudhoe,  who  held  it  by  the  service  of  keeping  Reedsdale  free  from  thieves 
and  wolves,  under  which  tenure  they  held  the  castle  and  manor  of  Otter- 
burn. —  Hutchinson's  Northd. 

[P.  163.]  1464  (May  15). —  The  Earl  of  Kent,  who  was  taken  in  a  close 
called  Riddesdale,  was  brought  to  Newcastle  and  there  beheaded. —  Hodg- 
son's North.,  Pict.  Hist.  Eng. 

[P.  215.]  1575  (July  5). —  Sir  George  Heron,  keeper  of  Tindal,  and 
Ridisdale,     *     *     *     * 

[P.  236]  Cut  of  arms  sculptured  on  the  battlements  of  Elsdon  Castle, 
which  are  supposed  to  be  those  of  Sir  Robert  Taylboys.  The  inscription 
reads  ROBERTUS  DOMINUS  DE  REDE,  i.  e.,  Robert,  Lord  of  Rede. 
The  castle  is  known  to  have  existed  in  the  beginning  of  the  fifteenth  century. 

[P.  364.]  1727. —  The  figure  of  Robin  of  Risingham,  or  Robin  of  Reeds- 
dale, for  it  is  known  to  the  people  of  the  neighbourhood  by  both  names,  has 
given  rise  to  several  speculations  among  antiquaries  as  to  whom  it  was 
intended  to  represent,  and  at  what  period  it  was  carved.  Warburton,  in  his 
map  of  Northumberland,  published  previous  to  1727,  appears  to  have  been 
the  first  who  gave  an  engraving  of  it  —  to  which  he  subjoins  the  following 
brief  notice :  "  This  antick  figure  I  find  cut  on  a  rock  near  Risingham,  in 
Readsdale,  called  the  Soldan's  stone."  This  celebrated  figure  was  cut  in 
high  relief  upon  a  huge  block  of  "  slidden "  sandstone  rock,  on  the  brow 
of  the  hill,  a  few  yards  to  the  west  of  the  modern  Watling-street,  and  upon 
the  estate  called  Park-head.  The  stone  itself  was  five  sided,  six  feet  on  the 
base,  eight  feet  high,  five  feet  on  the  two  sides  to  the  right  of  the  middle 
of  its  front,  seven  feet  on  the  uppermost  side  to  the  left,  and  four  on  the 
lower ;  its  thickness  six  feet.  The  figure  itself  was  about  four  feet  high ;  had 
a  panel  above  it  about  twenty-nine  inches  long  and  twenty  broad,  as  if 
intended  for  an  inscription,  and  a  square  block  or  altar  opposite  the  right 
knee,  probably  left  for  the  same  purpose.  It  certainly  belongs  to  the 
Roman  era  in  Britain.  The  Roman  panel,  the  altar,  the  Phrygian  bonnet,  the 
toga  and  the  tunic,  all  tell  of  its  Roman  origin,  and  the  hare  it  holds  in  the 
left  hand  and  the  bow  in  its  right,  are  symbols  plainly  indicating  that  it  was 
set  up  in  memory  of  some  hunter:  "Venator  tenerse  conjugis  immemor." 
Sir  Walter  Scott,  in  his  notes  to  Rokeby,  canto  3rd,  speaking  of  this  figure 
observes :  "  The  popular  tradition  is  that  it  represents  a  giant  whose  brother 
resided  at  Woodburn,  and  he  himself  at  Risingham.  It  adds  that  they  sub- 
sisted by  hunting,  and  that  one  of  them,  finding  the  game  become  too  scarce 
to  support  them,  poisoned  his  companion,  in  whose  memory  the  monument 
was  engraven.  What  strange  and  tragic  circumstances  may  be  concealed 
under  this  legend,  or  whether  it  is  utterly  apocryphal,  it  is  now  impossible  to 

2o8  Rossiana. 

discover."  The  only  part  of  Robin  which  now  remains  is  from  the  waist 
downwards,  that  portion  of  the  stone  which  contained  the  trunk  and  head 
having  been  broken  off.  The  station  of  Rising-ham,  the  ancient  Habitancum, 
is  about  a  mile  to  the  north  of  the  stone ;  its  walls  stand  upon  or  inclose 
nearly  four  acres  and  a  half  of  dry,  rich  ground  on  the  southern  margin  of 
the  river  Rede.  Numerous  altars  and  inscriptions  have  been  found  in  this 
neighbourhood. —  Hodgson's  North.,  Rambles  in  Northd.,  &c. 

[Accompanying  this  paragraph,  on  p.  305,  is  a  woodcut  representing  Robin 
of  Risingham  as  above  described.]1 

(From  Historical  Division,  Vol.  2,  pages  329.  330,  1S42. ) 
1789  (Nov.  15). —  Died,  in  St.  Nicholas'  poor-house,  Newcastle,  of  which 
he  was  the  keeper.  .Mr.  William  Umfraville.  His  father,  Mr.  Thomas  Umfra- 
ville,  who  died  June  28th,  ijX.v  was  for  40  years  parish  clerk  of  St.  John's, 
in  that  town,  and  had  formerly  been  a  merchant  there.  He  was  a  descendant 
of  one  of  the  greatest  nanus  and  most  illustrious  families  in  the  north. 
The  pedigree  traces  back  the  family  to  Robert  de  Umfraville,  called  Robert 
with  the  Beard,  lord  of  Tours  and  Yian.  who  came  into  England  with 
William  the  Conqueror.  This  Robert  bad  a  grant  from  the  Conqueror,  in 
the  tenth  year  of  his  reign,  of  the  valley  of  Ridds,  or  Redesdale,  with  all  its 
castles,  woods  and  franchises,  to  hold  of  him  and  his  heirs  forever,  by  the 
service  of  defending  that  part  of  the  country  from  wolves  and  the  king's 
enemies  by  the  sword  which  the  said  King  William  wore  at  his  side  when  he 
entered  Northumberland.  Mr.  William  Umfraville  had.  in  his  custody,  a 
sword  which  belonged  to  Sir  Robert  Umfraville,  vice-admiral  of  England 
about  the  time  of  Richard  11.  Mr.  Umfraville  died  in  very  indigent  circum- 
stances, leaving  a  widow,  with  an  only  son  and  daughter,  without  any  means 
of  support.  The  late  Duke  of  Northumberland,  hearing  that  a  descendant 
of  the  once-powerful  family  of  the  Umfravilles  had  died  in  such  humble 
circumstances,  kindly  allowed  an  annuity  to  the  widow  and  undertook  the 
charge  of  educating  and  providing  for  the  son.  John  Brand  Umfraville,  for 
whom,  wdien  of  a  proper  age,  his  grace  obtained  the  situation  of  midshipman 
in  the  royal  navy.  He  ultimately  rose  to  the  rank  of  captain  and  died  a  few 
years  ago  without  issue. —  Rambles  in  Northd. 

In  the  same  work.  Historical  Division.  Vol.  V..  MDCCCXLVI,  p.  41-'. 
1842  (Oct.  12). — Died,  at  his  resident  in  Albion  Place.  Newcastle,  aged  54. 
John  Trotter  Brockett,  Esq..  F.  S.  A..  London  and  Newcastle.  [The 
armorial  bearings,  with  the  motto.  Invictus  Maneo,  are  given.] 

1Kobin,  or  Robert,  of  Redesdale. —  Another  tradition  has  it  that  this  Robin  or 
Robert  was  one  of  the  earliest  chiefs  of  the  name  of  Rede,  a  short  time  after  the  tribe 
came  into  Redesdale;  that  he  had  a  brother,  and  that  they  were  both  men  of  extraor- 
dinary stature.  This  brother  became  jealous  of  Robert's  power  and  slew  him  while  they 
were   hunting,   thus   making   himself   chief   of   the   clan.  H.    P.    R. 

ELSDON   IN  1762. 

TWO   very   interesting  and  amusing  letters   written   in    1762  by  the   Rev. 
Charles   Dodgson,   A.   M.,  on  his   taking  possession  of  the   rectory  of 
Elsdon,    in    Redesdale,    Northumberland,    are   given   below    as    printed 
in  the  "  Local  Historian's  Table  Book  of  Remarkable  Occurrences,  Historical 
Facts,"   etc.      (Newcastle-upon-Tyne,    1843.) 

These  letters  are  curious,  inasmuch  as  they  furnish  a  lively  account  of  the 
appearance  of  Elsdon  nearly  a  century  and  a  half  ago.  In  some  instances  we 
believe  the  picture  to  be  rather  exaggerated ;  but  the  occasional  sprinkling  of 
humour  over  certain  passages,  and  the  spirit  with  which  the  whole  is  con- 
ceived and  executed,  impress  us  with  the  belief  that  the  writer  had  been  a 
man  of  considerable  talent.  From  the  freedom  of  his  manner,  he  would 
seem  to  have  been  very  intimate  with  the  Percy  family,  and  to  have  had. 
therefore,  no  hesitation  in  giving  his  correspondents  a  sketch  to  the  life, 
not  only  of  himself,  but  of  the  people  amongst  whom  he  had  taken  up  his 
residence.  His  recent  arrival  in  the  district,  and  the  consequent  novelty 
with  which  he  regarded  it,  together  with  the  severe  weather  he  encountered, 
render  his  description  very  animated  and  by  no  means  deficient  of  graphic 

Rev.  Dr.  Dodgson  was  presented  to  the  rectory  of  Elsdon,  in  1762,  by  the 
Earl  and  Countess  of  Northumberland.  His  residence  there  was  of  short 
duration,  for  he  became  bishop  of  Ossory  in  1765,  from  which  see  he  was 
translated  to  that  of  Elphin  : 

"  Elsdon,  March  2SH1,  1762. 
"  My  Dear  Mr.  Percy, 

I  am  obliged  to  you  for  promising  to  write  to  me,  but  don't  give  yourself 
the  trouble  of  sending  any  letters  to  this  place,  for  'tis  almost  impossible  to 
receive  'em  without  sending  a  messenger  16  miles  to  fetch  'em,  and  nothing  is 
so    difficult    to    be    procured    as    a 
messenger.     I  had  the  pleasure  to 
find  your  Grandmamma  very  well 
as    I    passed    through    York.      My 
journey  produced  a  great  deal  of 
pleasure  till  I  reached  Darlington, 
when  I  quitted  the  coach  and  be- 
gan   to    fly,    but    my    wings    soon 
failed    me,    for    the    post    horses 

which    I    hired    at    Durham    were  Elsdon  Church 

not  able  to  move  an  inch  farther 

than  the  9th  mile  stone.  After  an  age  of  expectation  a  return  chaise  from 
Newcastle  approached,  but  alas  !  it  was  pre-engaged  by  some  poor  travellers, 
and  the  post  boy  was  unwilling  to  comply  with  my  request :  I  seized  the  horses, 
bribed  the  passengers  to  quit  the  chaise,  and  at  last  prevailed  upon  the  boy 

210  Rossiana. 

to  back  to  Newcastle.  He  was  so  pleased  with  the  premium  proposed  that 
he  drove  at  the  rate  of  12  miles  an  hour  for  I  went  6  miles  in  about  34 
minutes.  About  3  miles  to  the  south  of  Newcastle,  I  met  with  such  a 
shower  of  hail  and  such  a  hurricane,  that  I  expected  to  be  blown  over,  if 
not  carried  into  the  sea  every  moment.  The  weather  continued  very 
tempestuous  all  the  afternoon,  however  by  the  assistance  of  two  determined 
postillions,  and  four  good  horses  which  I  procured  at  Newcastle,  I  pro- 
ceeded in  my  journey  though  the  storm  was  full  in  our  faces,  and  arrived 
at  this  place  about  seven  o'clock  last  night.  I  was  scarcely  able  to  go  through 
the  duty  to-day,  having  got  a  very  bad  sore  throat,  but  I  hope  it  is  now 
more  easy  than  it  was.  I  am  obliged  to  be  my  own  surgeon,  apothecary  and 
physician,  for  there  is  not  a  creature  of  that  profession  within  16  miles 
of  this  place:  'tis  impossible  to  describe  the  oddity  of  my  situation  at 
present,  which  however  is  not  void  of  some  pleasant  circumstances.  A  clog 
maker  combs  out  my  wig  upon  my  curate's  head  by  way  of  a  block,  and  his 
wife  powders  it  with  a  dredging  box.  The  vestibule  of  the  castle  is  a  low 
stable,  above  it  is  the  kitchen  in  which  are  two  little  beds,  joining  to  each 
other,  the  curate  and  his  wife  lay  in  one  and  Margery  the  maid  in  the 
Other.  I  lay  in  the  parlour  between  two  beds  to  keep  me  from  being  frozen 
to  death,  for  as  we  keep  open  house  the  winds  enter  from  every  quarter, 
and  are  apt  *.o  creep  into  bed  to  one.  1  will  write  very  soon  to  my  lord  or 
lady;  pray  present  my  respects,  duties  and  compliments  to  Messrs.  Reveleys. 

I  remain  &c. 


"  Elsdon.  March  30//1. 
"  My  Lord, 

I  wrote  to  Mr.  Percy  a  few  days  ago,  and  gave  him  a  short  account  of  the 
most  material  things  which  happened  upon  the  road  and  immediately  after 
my  arrival  at  this  place.  If  your  lordship  can  spare  a  few  moments,  the 
continuation  of  my  narrative  will  perhaps  afford  as  much  entertainment  as 
a  cmmon  newspaper,  tho'  it  will  be  greatly  inferior  to  an  excellent  gazette. 
Elsdon  was  once  a  market  town,  as  some  say,  and  a  city  according  to  others; 
Inn  as  the  annals  of  the  parish  were  lost  several  centuries  ago,  'tis  impossible 
to  determine  in  what  age  it  was  either  the  one  or  the  other.  There  are  not 
the  least  traces  of  its  former  grandeur  to  be  found  whence  some  antiquarians 
are  apt  to  believe  that  it  lost  both  its  trade  and  character  at  the  deluge. 
Most  certain  it  is.  that  the  oldest  man  in  the  parish  never  saw  a  market 
here  in  his  life.  Modern  Elsdon.  my  lord  (  for  I  am  not  now  speaking  of 
the  Antediluvian  city  of  the  same  name),  is  a  very  small  village  consisting 
of  a  tower  which  the  inhabitants  call  a  castle,  an  inn  for  the  refreshment  of 
Scotch  carriers,  five  little  farm  houses,  and  a  few  wretched  cottages,  about 
ten  in  all,  inhabited  by  poor  people  who  receive  the  parish  allowance,  and 
superannuated  shepherds.  These  buildings  such  as  they  are  may  be  conceived 
to  stand  at  very  unequal  distances  from  one  another,  in  the  circumference  of 
an  imaginary  oval,  the  longer  axis  of  which  coincides  with  the  meridian  line 
and  is  about  200  yards  long,  the  shorter  may  be  perhaps  100.  In  the  centre 
of    this    supposed    ellipsis    stands    the    church    which    is    very    small,    without 

Elsdon  in   i /6s.  211 

cither  a  spire  or  a  tower,  however  the  west  end  is  not  totally  void  of  an 
ornamental  superstructure.  An  Elsdonic  kind  of  cupola  forms  a  proper 
place  for  a  belfry,  and  the  only  bell  which  is  in  it  is  almost  as  loud  as  that 
which  calls  your  lordship's  labourers  to  dinner  at  Sion.  It  may  be  heard  at 
the  castle  when  the  wind  is  favourable.  The  situation  of  the  village  is  such 
that  in  descending  down  a  hill  called  Gallalaw  from  the  south,  it  gives  a 
person  an  idea  of  a  few  cottages  built  in  a  boggy  island  which  is  almost  sur- 
rounded by  three  little  brooks,  on  the  north  by  Dunsheeles  burn,  on  the  east 
by  Elsdon  burn,  on  the  west  and  south  west  by  Whiskersheeles  burn;  the 
first  runs  into  the  second  on  the  north  east  part  of  the  town,  and  the  second 
into  the  third  on  the  south  side.  There  is  not  a  town  in  all  the  parish  except 
Elsdon  itself  be  called  one,  the  farm  houses  where  the  principal  parishioners 
live  are  five  or  six  miles  distant  from  one  another  and  the  whole  country 
looks  like  a  desert.  The  greater  part  of  the  richest  farmers  are  Scotch 
dissenters,  and  go  to  a  meeting  house  at  Birdhopecrag,  about  ten  miles  from 
Elsdon,  however  they  don't  interfere  in  ecclesiastical  matters,  nor  study 
polemical  divinity.  Their  re- 
ligion descends  from  father 
to  son  and  is  rather  a  part 
of  the  personal  estate,  than 
the  result  of  reasoning  or 
the  effects  of  enthusiasm. — 
those  who  live  near  Elsdon 
come  to  the  church,  those  at 
a   greater   distance   towards  v^j 

the  west  go  to  the  meeting 
house  at  Birdhopecrag. 
Others,  both  churchmen  and 
Presbyterians,     at     a     very 

great     distance,     go     to     the  Elsdon  Castle. 

nearest  church  or  convent- 
icle in  a  neighbouring  parish.  There  is  a  very  good  understanding 
between  the  parties  for  they  not  only  intermarry  with  each  other, 
but  frequently  do  penance  together  in  a  white  sheet,  with  a  white 
wand,  barefoot,  in  one  of  the  coldest  churches  in  England,  and  at  the 
coldest  season  of  the  year:  I  dare  not  finish  the  description  for  fear  of  bring- 
ing on  a  fit  of  ague.  Indeed,  my  lord,  the  ideas  of  sensation  are  sufficient 
to  starve  a  man  to  death,  without  having  recourse  to  those  of  reflection. 
If  I  was  not  assured  by  the  best  authority  on  earth  that  the  world  was  to  be 
destroyed  by  fire,  I  should  conclude  that  the  day  of  destruction  is  at  hand, 
but  brought  on  by  means  of  an  agent  very  opposite  to  that  of  heat.  There  is 
not  a  single  tree  or  hedge  now  within  twelve  miles  to  break  the  force  of  the 
wind ;  it  sweeps  down  like  a  deluge  from  hills  capped  with  everlasting  snow 
and  blasts  almost  the  whole  country  into  one  continued  barren  desert.  The 
whole  country  is  doing  penance  in  a  white  sheet  for  it  began  to  snow  on 
Sunday  night,  and  the  storm  has  continued  ever  since.  Its  impossible  to 
make  a  sally  out  of  the  castle  and  to  make  my  quarters  good  in  a  warmer 
habitation.  I  have  lost  the  use  of  every  thing  but  my  reason,  tho'  my 
head  is  entrenched  in  three  night  caps,  and  my  throat,  which  is  very  bad,  is 

212  Rossi  an  a. 

fortified  with  a  pair  of  stockings  twisted  in  the  form  of  a  cravat.  My  capital1 
is  of  a  new  construction.  I  wish  I  could  send  your  lordship  a  drawing  of  it. 
Irregular  and  unarchitectural  as  it  might  appear  to  your  lordship's  judicious 
eye.  'tis  certainly  of  the  composite  order,  and  extremely  becoming  a  block- 
head, of  which  numerous  society  I  have  the  honor  of  being  a  member.  As 
washing  is  very  cheap  I  wear  two  shirts  at  a  time,  and  for  want  of  a  ward- 
robe hang  my  great  coat  upon  my  own  back,  and  generally  keep  on  my 
boots  in  imitation  of  my  namesake2  of  Sweden.  Indeed,  since  the  snow 
became  two  feet  deep  (as  I  wanted  a  chappin  of  yale  from  the  public  house) 
I  made  an  offer  of  them  to  Margery,  the  maid,  but  her  legs  are  too  thick  to 
make  use  of  the  offer,  and  I  am  told  that  the  greater  part  of  my  parishioners 
are  not  less  substantial,  and  notwithstanding  this  they  are  very  remarkable 
for  their  agility.  There  is  to  be  a  hopping  on  Thursday  se'nnight.  A  hop- 
ping, my  lord,  is  a  ball,  the  constant  conclusion  of  a  pedlar's  fair.  Upon 
these  celebreties  there  is  a  great  concourse  of  braw  lads  and  lasses,  who 
throw  off  their  wooden  shoes  shod  with  plates  of  iron,  and  put  on  Scotch 
nickerers,  which  are  made  of  horse  leather,  the  upper  part  of  which  is  sewed 
to  the  sole  without  being  welted.  We  expect  a  great  deal  of  company  from 
fifty-eight  and  mure  different  places  in  the  neighborhood.  Your  lordship 
will  excuse  my  want  of  memory  when  'tis  considered  how  short  time  I  have 
been  in  the  parish,  and  I'll  endeavour  to  complete  my  catalogue  as  soon  as 
possible.  1  propose  to  do  myself  the  honour  of  writing  to  her  ladyship  after 
I  have  reconnoitered  the  field  of  battle  at  Ottcrburn.  But  God  only  knows 
when  I  shall  be  able  to  get  out.  Permit  me  my  lord  to  remain  with  my  duty 
to  Lady  Northumberland  and  Mr.  Percy,  with  my  compliments  to  both  the 
Air.   Reveleys.  and  with  my  kindest  wishes  for  the  completion  of  Mr.  Hugh's 

recovery.     I  am  &c. 


"P.  S. —  If  I  had  not  brought  this  paper  with  me.  I  should  have  been 
obliged  to  write  upon  such  a  composition  as  was  never  seen.  The  summer 
will  exhibit  a  more  pleasing  prospect,  for  all  the  heather  or  ling  will  be  in 
full  bloom,  and  the  sides  of  Gallalaw  covered  with  verdure,  and  I  hope  the 
valleys  will  laugh  and  sing.  The  inhabitants  are  very  fond  of  a  pastoral 
life,  but  seem  to  have  no  taste  for  agriculture.  The  enclosed  lands  are  only 
separated  by  a  dry  ditch  and  a  low  bank  of  earth.  The  sheep,  as  Milton 
says,  at  one  bound  would  overleap  all  bounds.  Quicksetts  would  grow  but 
the  people  are  enemies  to  hedges  because  the  sheep  would  be  entangled  in 
them.  The  manner  in  which  a  herd  (shepherd)  lives  upon  the  moors. 
especially  in  bad  weather,  will  draw  tears  from  your  lordship's  eyes,  when  it 
is  described  in  the  most  simple  manner.  I  wish  I  had  not  stumbled  upon 
the  remembrance  of  it.  If  a  tear  is  due  to  misery — if  —  I  am  glad  I  cannot 
proceed  for  want  of  paper.  I'll  now  sit  down  and  do  what  your  lordship 
would  have  done  if  I  had  finished  this  storv." 

'Head,   or   covering  for  it. 
-Charles  XII. 


Ancient  Ballad  Concerning  the  Sad  End  of  the  Lord  of  Troughenp, 
"  Taken  Down  by  James  Telfer  from  Recitation,  with  an  Intro- 
duction by  Robert  White." 

[From  "  The  Local  Historian's  Table  Book  of  Remarkable  Occurrences,  etc.,  1844, 
Legendary    Division,    vol.    2,   pages   361   et   seq.] 

THE  event  on  which  the  following  ballad  was  founded  has  been  incident- 
ally noticed  by  Sir  Walter  Scott,  in  "  Rokeby,"  and  by  my  revered  friend 
Mr.  Robert  Roxby,  in  the  "  Lay  of  the  Reedwater  Minstrel."  We  have 
no  historical  evidence  to  prove  at  what  period  it  occurred,  but  as  the  farm  of 
Girsonsfield  belonged  to  those  who  betrayed  Parcy  Reed  and  successive 
owners  of  Otterburne  demesne  ever  since  the  reign  of  Elizabeth,  we  may 
assign  it  a  date  not  later  than  the  sixteenth  century.1  It  would  appear  to 
have  taken  a  remarkably  strong  hold  of  the  public  mind,  for  almost  every 
circumstance  connected  therewith  has.  by  tradition,  been  distinctly  transmitted 
down  to  the  present  day:  consequently,  an  outline  of  the  same,  traced  in  the 
light  which  can  thus  be  obtained,  may  not  altogether  be  uninteresting  to 
those  who  may  honour  the  ballad  with  a  perusal. 

Percival  or  Parcy  Reed  was  proprietor  of  Troughend,  an  elevated  tract  of 
land  on  the  west  side  and  nearly  in  the  centre  of  Redesdale,  Northumberland. 
The  remains  of  the  old  tower  may  still  be  seen,  a  little  to  the  west  of  the 
present  mansion,  commanding  a  beautiful  and  most  extensive  view  of  nearly 
the  whole  valley.  Here  he  resided,  and  being  a  keen  hunter2  and  brave  sol- 
dier, he  possessed  much  influence,  and  was  appointed  warden  or  keeper  of 
the  district.  His  office  was  to  suppress  and  order  the  apprehension  of  thieves 
and  other  breakers  of  the  law,  in  the  execution  of  which  he  incurred  the 
displeasure  of  a  family  of  brothers  of  the  name  of  Hall,  who  were  owners 
of  Girsonsfield,  a  farm  about  two  miles  east  from  Troughend ;  he  also  drew 
upon  himself  the  hostility  of  a  band  of  mosstroopers,  Crosier  by  name,  some 
of  whom  he  had  been  successful  in  bringing  to  justice.  The  former  were, 
however,  artful  enough  to  conceal  their  resentment,  and  under  the  appear- 
ance of  friendship,  calmly  awaited  an  opportunity  to  be  avenged.  Some  time 
afterwards  they  solicited  his  attendance  en  a  hunting  expedition  to  the  head 
of  Redesdale,  and,  unfortunately,  he  agreed  to  accompany  them.  His  wife 
had  some  strange  dreams  anent  his  safety  on  the  night  before  his  departure, 
and  at  breakfast  on  the  following  morning  the  loaf  of  bread  from  which  he 
was    supplied    chanced   to    be    turned    with    the   bottom    upwards  —  an    omen 

aIf  this  event  happened  in  the  sixteenth  century  or  before,  the  name  should  be  spelled 
Rede  or  Read,  for  these  were  the  forms  then   in   use  in   Redesdale. 

2It  once  fell  out  that  an  arrow,  which  he  discharged  at  a  deer,  killed  a  favourite  dog 
named  Keilder.  This  incident  has  been  made  the  subject  of  a  beautiful  painting  by 
Cooper,  which  again  elici'ed  from  Sir  Walter  Scott  a  poem  of  eleven  stanzas.  See 
Legendary   Division,    II,   p.    240. 

214  Rossiana. 

which  is  still  accounted  most  unfavourable  all  over  the  north  of  England. 
Considering  these  presages  undeserving  of  notice,  Reed  set  out  in  company 
with  the  Halls,  and  after  enjoying  a  good  day's  sport,  the  party  withdrew  to 
a  solitary  hut  in  Batinghope,  a  lonely  glen  stretching  westward  from  the 
Whitelee,  whose  little  stream  forms  one  of  the  chief  sources  of  Reedwater. 
The  whole  of  this  arrangement  had  been  previously  planned  by  the  Halls  and 
Crosiers,  and  when  the  latter  came  down  late  in  the  evening  to  execute  their 
purpose  of  vengeance,  they  found  Parcy  Reed  altogether  a  defenceless  man. 
His  companions  not  only  deserted  him,  but  had  previously  driven  his  sword 
so  firmly  in  its  scabbard  that  it  could  not  be  drawn,  and  had,  also,  moistened 
the  powder  with  which  the  long  gun  he  carried  with  him  was  charged,  so  as 
to  render  both  useless  when  he  came  to  rely  upon  them  for  protection. 
Accordingly  the  Crosiers  instantly  put  him  to  death,  and  so  far  did  they 
carry  out  their  sanguinary  measures  even  against  his  lifeless  body,  that 
tradition  says  the  fragments  thereof  had  to  be  collected  together  and  con- 
veyed in  pillow  slips  home  to  Troughend.  Public  indignation  was  speedily 
aroused  against  the  murderers:  the  very  name  of  Crosier  was  abhorred 
throughout  Redesdale,  and  the  abettors  were  both  driven  from  their  residence 
and  designated  as  "the  fause  hearted  Ha's  " — an  appellation  which  yet 
remains  in  force  against  them.1 

Superstition,  afterwards,  lent  her  powerful  aid  to  embellish  and  heighten 
this  tragical  occurrence.  Shortly  after  daybreak,  or  in  the  twilight  of  the 
evening,  the  resemblance  of  Parcy  Reed  was  often  seen  in  the  vicinity  of 
Batinghope,  hurrying  over  the  heath,  arrayed  in  his  green  hunting  dress,  his 
horn  by  his  side,  and  his  long  gun  over  his  shoulder.  Again,  on  a  stormy 
night,  when  the  clouds  were  careering  athwart  the  sky,  permitting  occasionally 
a  glimpse  of  moonlight  to  hasten  over  the  darkened  landscape,  the  likeness  of 
the  murdered  man  was  frequently  beheld  in  the  neighbourhood  of  his  own 
mansion,  dealing  destruction  around  him  with  a  large  whip  so  furiously  that 
the  very  trees  were  threatened  to  be  struck  down.  Even  within  the  last 
century  and  in  the  broad  light  of  a  Sabbath  forenoon,  while  the  good  people 
in  the  upper  part  of  Redesdale  were  proceeding  to  the  meeting  house  at  Bird- 
hope-craig.  they  often  beheld  the  flitting  spirit  of  Troughend,  as  he  was 
called,  under  the  mild  semblance  of  a  dove,  take  its  station  on  a  large  stone 
in  the  middle  of  the  Reed  at  Pringlehaugh,  and  if  any  of  the  party  made  a 
bow  or  a  curtsey  towards  it,  by  way  of  compliment,  it  very  graciously 
returned  the  salutation.  These  examples  show  the  deep  impression  which 
the  tragical  fate  of  Parcy  Reed  left  on  the  memory  of  the  inhabitants  of 
Redesdale,  and  exhibit  how  easily  any  natural  cause  or  object  may,  amongst 
a  pastoral  people,  be  construed  into  one  of  the  shadows  of  that  region  beyond 
the  dark  bourne  which  circumscribes  our  present  existence. 

The  annexed  ballad  was  never  before  published,  having  been  taken  down  by 
my    valued    friend.    Mr.    James    Telfer    of    Saughtree.    Liddesdale,    from    the 

lvVhen  a  late  landlord  of  Horsley  in  Redesdale,  whose  name  was  Hall,  a  most  respect- 
able man,  had  taken  his  allowance  freely,  he  not  unfrequently  disburdened  his  mind  by 
thus  reverting  to  the  circumstance:  "  Wey  now,  Aw  wunna  disguise  me  neame  —  me 
neame's  Tommy  Ha';" — and  here  the  tears  began  to  flow  down  the  cheeks  of  the  worthy 
host,  '•  but  Aw  trust  to  me  meaker,  A'm  nit  come  o'  the  fause  hearted  Ha's  that  betrayed 
Parcy   Reed." 

Death  of  Parcy  Reed.  215 

chanting  of  an  old  woman  named  Kitty  Hall,  who  resided  at  Fairloans  in  the 
head  of  Kale  water,  Roxburghshire.  She  was  a  native  of  Northumberland, 
and  observed  she  never  liked  to  sing  the  verses,  as  she  knew  them  to  be 
perfectly  true,  and  consequently  could  not  bear  to  think  that  there  had  been, 
of  her  own  surname,  such  wretches  as  the  betrayers  of  Parcy  Reed. 
Mr.  Telfer  had  the  honor  of  presenting  a  transcript  of  the  piece  to  Sir  Walter 
Scott,  who  placed  it  at  the  end  of  his  copy  of  the  "  Lay  of  the  Reedwater 
Minstrel;"  and  both  now  occupy  a  place  in  Press  P,  shelf  i.  at  the  library 
of  Abbotsford. 

Touching  the  literary  merit  of  the  ballad,  little  in  the  way  of  either  plot 
or  graphic  description  may  be  found  calculated  to  command  the  admiration 
of  those  who  are  accustomed  to  look  critically  upon  such  compositions.  It 
is  rude  and  simple  in  its  structure,  but  perhaps  its  principal  defect  arises  from 
the  dialogue  being  so  painfully  protracted  towards  the  close.  The  aim  of  the 
Minstrel  undoubtedly  was  to  convey  a  representation  of  what  may  be  sup- 
posed to  have  taken  place,  when  his  hero  fell  into  the  hands  of  implacable 
enemies ;  and  this  he  has  accomplished,  although  neither  with  such  spirit, 
nor,  at  the  same  time,  with  such  unapproachable  felicity  as  some  of  his  more 
tuneful  brethren  at  that  age  exhibited,  when  sounding  those  strains  of  ballad 
minstrelsy,  which  now  form  so  precious  a  portion  of  our  country's  literature. 

I  cannot  allow  the  opportunity  of  concluding  these  remarks  to  pass,  with- 
out adverting  to  the  circumstances,  and  it  is  with  peculiar  pleasure  I  do  so, 
of  having  spent  a  portion  of  my  early  life  in  Redesdale,  and  of  enjoying  on 
many  occasions,  the  unaffected  courtesy  and  kindness  of  its  people.  Indeed 
the  district  sounds  still  in  my  ears  like  home;  and  my  heart  throbs  deeper 
on  recollecting  the  evenings  I  passed  there,  when  a  number  of  faces,  now  no 
more,  gleamed  bright  about  our  family  hearth.  Other  attractions  likewise, 
bind  me  closely  to  Redesdale.  To  throw  gracefully  the  names  of  its  localities 
into  verse  was  a  subject  embraced  by  the  early  muse  of  Mr.  Roxby,  whose 
subsequent  numbers,  brief  but  beautiful,  have  at  times  contributed  to  render 
it  no  small  honour.  In  addition  to  this,  we  have  in  its  limits  the  field  of 
Otterburne  —  the  actual  scene  not  only  of  the  best  contested  battles  ever 
fought  in  the  time  of  chivalry ;  but  also  of  one  of  our  most  ancient  and 
spirit-stirring  national  ballads.  Whether,  therefore,  in  a  domestic,  or  a  liter- 
ary point  of  view,  the  tract  of  country  possesses  a  claim  upon  me,  to  which 
my  feelings  cordially  respond ;  hence,  its  sheltered  nooks,  its  sloping  fields 
and  solitary  moorlands,  with  their  innumerable  associations,  are  amongst 
the  last  objects  I  shall  forget. 


God  send  the  land  deliverance 

Frae  every  reaving,  riding  Scot : 
We'll  sune  hae  neither  cow  nor  ewe, 

We'll  sune  hae  neither  staig  nor  stot. 

The  outlaws  come  frae  Liddesdale, 

They  herry  Redesdale  far  and  near ; 
1  he  rich  man's  gelding  it  maun  gang, 

They  canna  pass  the  puir  man's  raear. 

2i6  Rossiana. 

Sure  it  were  weel,  had  ilka  thief 
Around  his  neck  a  halter  Strang; 

And  curses  heavy  may  they  light 
On  traitors  vile  oursel's  amang. 

Now   Parcy  Reed  has  Crosier  ta'en, 
He  has  delivered  him  to  the  law; 

But  Crosier  says  he'll  do  waur  than  that. 
He'll  make  the  tower  o'  Troughend  fa'. 

And   Crosier   says   he   will   do   waur  — 
He  will   do   waur  if  waur  can  be; 

He'll  make  the  bairns  a'  fatherless. 
And  then,  the  land  it  may  lie  lee. 

"To  the  hunting,   ho!"  cried   Parcy   Reed. 

"  The  morning  sun   is  on   the  dew  : 
The  cauler  breeze  frae  off  the  fells. 

Will  lead  the  dogs  to  the  quarry  true. 

"To   the  hunting,  ho!"  cried   Parcy  Reed. 

And   to  the  hunting  he  has  gane ; 
And  the  three  fause  Ha's  o'  Girsonsfield 

Alang  wi'  him  he  has   them  ta'en. 

They  hunted  high,  they  hunted   low, 
By  heathery  hill  and  birken   shaw  ; 
They    raised   a   buck   on   Rooken   Edge. 
And  blew  the  mort  at  fair  Ealylawe. 

They  bunted  high,   they  hunted   low, 
They  made  the  echoes  ring  amain  ; 

With   music  sweet   o'   horn  and  hound. 
They   merry   made   fair    Redes  laic   glen. 

They  bunted  high,  they  hunted  low, 
They  hunted  up,   they   hunted   down. 

Until  the  day  w  is  past  the  prune. 
And  it  grew  late  in  the  afternoon. 

They  hunted  high   in   Batinghope, 
When   as   the   sun   was   sinking   low; 

Says    Parcy   then:   "  Ca'   off  the   dogs; 
We'll  bait  our  steeds  and  homeward  go. 

They  lighted  high  in  Batinghope. 

Atween   the  brown   and  bcnty  ground  : 
They   had   but   rested   a   little   while. 

Till    Parcy    Reed    was    sleeping   sound. 

There's  nane  may  lean  on  a  rotten  staff. 

But  him  that  risks  to  get  a  fa' ; 
There's  nane  may  in  a  traitor  trust, 

And  traitors  black  were  every  Ha'. 

Death  of  Parcy  Reed.  217 

They've  stown  the  bridle  off  his  steed. 

And  they've  put  water  in  his  lang  gun  ; 
They've   fixed   his   sword   within   the   sheath. 

That  out  again  it  winna  come. 

"Awaken  ye,  waken  ye,  Parcy  Reed 

Or  by  your   enemies   be   ta'en ; 
For  yonder  are  'he  five  Crosiers 

A-coming  ower  the  Hingin'-stane." 

"If  they  be  five,  and  we  be   four, 

Sae  that  ye  stand  alang  wi'  me. 
Then  every  man  ye  will   take  one, 

And  only  leave  but  two  to  me: 
We  will  them  meet  as  brave  men  ought. 

And  make  them  either  fight  or  flee." 

"  We  mayna   stand,  we  canna   stand. 

We  daurna  stand  alang  wi'  thee ; 
The  Crosiers  baud  thee  at  a  feud. 

And  they  would  kill  baith  thee  and  we." 

"  O  turn  thee,  turn  thee,  Johnnie  Ha' — 

0  turn  thee,  man,  and  fight  wi'  me;1 
When  ye  come  to  Troughend  again, 

My  gude  black  naig  I  will  gie  thee ; 
He  cost  full  twenty  pounds  o'  gowd, 
Atween  my  brother  John  and  me." 

"  I   mayna  turn,  I   canna  turn, 

1  daurna  turn  and  light  wi'  thee ; 
The  Crosiers  hand  thee  at  a  feud, 

And  they  wad  kill  baith  thee  and  me." 

"  O   turn   thee,   turn   thee.   Willie   Ha' — 

0  turn  thee,  man,  and  fight  wi'  me  ; 
When  ye  come  to  Troughend  again. 

A  yoke  o'  owsen  I'll  gie  thee." 

"  I  mayna  turn,   T   canna  turn, 

1  daurna  turn  and  right  wi'  thee; 
The  Crosiers  hand  thee  at  a  feud, 

And  they  wad  kill  baith  thee  and  me." 

"  O  turn   thee,  turn  thee,  Tommy  Ha' — 

O  turn  now,  man,  and  fight  wi'  me  ; 
If  ever  we  come  to  Troughend  again. 

My  daughter  Jean   I'll   gie   to   thee." 

'I.    e.,   along   with   me. 



"  I  mayna  turn,  I  canna  turn, 
I  daurna  turn  and  fight  wi'  thee ; 

The  Crosiers  hand  thee  at  a  feud, 

And  they  wad  kill  baith  thee  and  me." 

"  0   shame   upon  ye.   traitors   a". 

I  wish  your  names  ye  may  never  see ; 
Ye've  stown  the  bridle  off  my  naig. 

And  I  can  neither  right  nor  flee. 

"  Ye've  stown  the  bridle  off  my  naig, 
And  ye've  put  water  i'  my  lang  gun  ; 

Ye've  fixed  my  sword  within  the  sheath. 
That  out  again  it  winna  come." 

He  had  but  time  to  cross  himsel' — 
A  prayer  he  hadna  time  to  say, 

Till  round  him  came  the   Crosiers  keen, 
All   riding  graithed.  and  in  array. 

"  Weel  met.  weel  met.  now  Parcy  Reed, 
Thou  art  the  very  man   we   sought ; 

Owre  lang  hae  we  been  in  your  debt. 
Now  will  we  pay  you  as  we  ought. 

"  We'll   pay  thee  at   the  nearest  tree. 

Where  we  shall  hang  thee  like  a  hound." 

Brave   Parcy  waved  his   fankit1   sword 
And  felled  the  foremost  to  the  ground. 

Alake.  and  wae  for  Parcy  Reed  — 
Alake  he  was  an  unarmed  man : 

Four  weapons  pierced  him  all  at  once. 
As  they  assailed  him  there  and  than. 

They  fell  upon  him  all  at  once  : 
They  mangled  him  most  cruellie : 

The  slightest  wound  might  caused  his  deid. 
And  they  hae  gi'en  him  thirty  three. 

They  hackit  off  his  hands  and  feet 
And  left  him  lying  on  the  lee. 

"  Xow  Parcy  Reed,  we've  paid  our  debt. 

Ye  canna  weel  dispute  the  tale." 
The  Crosiers  said,  and  off  they  rade  — 

They  rade  the  airt  o'  Liddesdale. 

It  was  the  hour  o'  gloaming  gray. 

When  herds  come  in  frae  fauld  and  pen  : 

A  herd,  he  saw  a  huntsman  lie, 

Savs  he.  ''Can  this  be  Laird  T  roughen'? 

'Confined,  or  sheathed. 

Death  of  Farcy  Reed.  219 

"  There's  some  will  ca'   me   Parcy  Reed. 

And  some  will  ca'  me  Laird  Troughen' : 
It's   little   matter  what   they   ca'   me ; 

My   faes   hae  made  me  ill  to   ken. 

"  There's   some  will  ca'  me   Parcy  Reed, 

And  speak  my  praise  in  tower  and  town  ; 
It's  little  matter  what  they  do  now. 

My  life  blood  rudds1  the  heather  brown. 

"  There's   some  will  ca'  me   Parcy  Reed, 

And  a'  my  virtues  say  and  sing; 
I  would  much  rather  have  just  now 

A  draught  o'  water  f  rae  the   spring !  " 

The  herd  flang  aff  his  clouted  shoon. 

And  to  the   nearest   fountain   ran ; 
He  made  his  bonnet  serve  as   cup 

And  wan  the  blessing  o'  the  dying  man. 

"  Now  honest  herd,  ye  maun  do  mair  — 

Ye  maun  do  mair  as  I  you  tell ; 
Ye  maun  bear  tiding  to  Troughend, 

And  bear  likewise  my  last  farewell. 

"  A  farewell  to  my  wedded  wife ; 

And  farewell  to  my  brother  John, 
Wha  sits  into  the  Troughend  tower, 

With  heart  as  hard2  as  any  stone. 

"  A   farewell  to   my  daughter  Jean ; 

A  farewell  to  my  young  sons  five : 
Had  they  been  at  their  father's  hand, 

I  had  this  night  been  man  alive. 

"  A  farewell  to  my  followers  a'. 

And  a'  my  neighbors  gude  at  need ; 
Bid  them  think  how  the  treacherous  Ha's 

Betrayed  the  life  o'  Parcy  Reed. 

"The   laird   o'Clennel   bears   my   bow; 

The  laird  o'  Brandon  bears  my  brand ; 
Whene'er  they  ride  i'   the   Border  side. 

They'll  mind  the  fate  o'  the  laird  Troughend." 


-Black   in   the   original. 


THE  descent  of  the  Clan  of  Rede,  or  Read  (from  Carbry  Riada,  or  Reoda), 
beginning  with  the  first  man  Adam,  and  so  down  to  Milesius  of  Spain, 
and  thence  through  the  ancient  monarchs  of  Ireland  and  the  kings  of 
Dalriada  to  the  royal  bouse  of  Scotland,  is  taken  from  "  Irish  Pedigrees,"  by 
John  O'Hart,  Q.  U.  I..  Dublin,  1S81,  though  much  of  the  information  had 
previously  appeared  in  the  works  of  the  "  Four  Masters,"1  so-called.  This  line 
of  descent  is  printed  her.-  more  as  a  genealogical  curiosity  than  as  an  authen- 
ticated statement. 

Stem  of  the  Irish  Nation  from  Adam  Down  to  Milesius  of  Spain. 

"  God  the  Father,  Son,  and  Holy  Ghost,  who  was  from  all  eternity,  did, 
in  the  beginning  of  Time,  of  nothing,  create  Red  Earth;  and  of  Red  Earth 
framed  Adam  ;  and  of  a  Rib  out  of  the  side  of  Adam  fashioned  Eve.  After 
which  Creation,  Plasmation,  and  Formation,  succeeded  Generations,  as 
follows." —  Four  Masters. 

1.  Adam. 

2.  Seth. 

3.  Enos. 

4.  Cainan. 

5.  Mahalaleel. 

6.  Jared. 

7.  Enoch 

X.  Methuselah. 
9.  Lamecb. 

10.  Noah  divided  the  world  amongst  his  three  sons,  begotten  of  his  wife 
Titea  :  viz.,  to  Sbem  he  gave  Asia,  within  the  Euphrates,  to  the  Indian  Ocean; 
to  Ham  he  gave  Syria,  Arabia,  and  Africa ;  and  to  Japhet,  the  rest  of  Asia 
beyond  the  Euphrates,  together  with  Europe  to  Gades   (or  Cadiz). 

11.  Japhet  was  the  eldest  son  of  Noah.  He  had  fifteen  sons,  amongst 
whom  he  divided  Europe  and  the  part  of  Asia  which  his  father  had  allotted 
to  him. 

1The  "  Four  Masters  "  were  so  called  because  Michael  O'Clery,  Peregrine  O'Clery, 
Conary  O'Clery,  together  with  Peregrine  O'Duigenan  (a  learned  antiquary  of  Kilronan, 
in  the  County  Roscommon),  were  the  four  principal  compilers  of  the  ancient  annals  of 
Ireland  in  the  17th  century.  Besides  the  above-named  authors,  however,  two  other  emi- 
nent antiquaries  and  chroniclers  assisted  in  the  compilation  of  the  annals  —  namely, 
Ferfassa  O'Mulconry   and   Maurice  O'Mulconry,   both   of   the   County   Roscommon. 

Pedigree  of  the  Clan  of  Rede,  or  Read.  221 

12.  Magog:  From  whom  descended  the  Parthians,  Bactrians,  Amazons, 
etc.;  Partholan,  the  first  planter  of  Ireland,1  about  three  hundred  years  after 
the  Flood;  and  also  the  rest  of  the  colonies  that  planted  there,  viz.,  the 
Nemedians,  who  planted  Ireland,  Anno  Mundi  three  thousand  and  forty-six, 
or  three  hundred  and  eighteen  years  after  the  birth  of  Abraham,  and  two 
thousand  one  hundred  and  fifty-three  years  before  Christ.  The  Nemedians 
continued  in  Ireland  for  two  hundred  and  seventeen  years ;  within  which 
time  a  colony  of  theirs  went  into  the  northern  parts  of  Scotland,  under  the 
conduct  of  their  leader  Briottan  Maol,  or  Babel;  from  whom  Britain  takes 
its  name,  and  not  from  "  Brutus,"  as  some  persons  believed.  From  Magog 
were  also  descended  the  Belgarian,  Belgian,  Firbolgian  or  Firvolgian  colony 
that  succeeded  the  Nemedians,  Anno  Mundi,  three  thousand  two  hundred 
and  sixty-six,  and  who  first  erected  Ireland  into  a  Monarchy.  [According 
to  some  writers,  the  Fomorians  invaded  Ireland  next  after  the  Nemedians.] 
This  Belgarian  or  Firvolgian  colony  continued  in  Ireland  for  thirty-six  years, 
under  nine  of  their  Kings ;  when  they  were  supplanted  by  the  Tuatha-de- 
Danans  (which  means,  according  to  some  authorities,  "  the  people  of  the 
god  Dan,"  whom  they  adored),  who  possessed  Ireland  for  one  hundred  and 
ninety-seven  years,  during  the  reigns  of  nine  of  their  kings ;  and  who  were 
then  conquered  by  the  Gaelic,  Milesian,  or  Scotic  Nation,  (the  three  names 
by  which  the  Irish  people  were  known),  Anno  Mundi  three  thousand  five 
hundred.  This  Milesian  or  Scotic  Irish  Nation  possessed  and  enjoyed  the 
Kingdom  of  Ireland  for  two  thousand  eight  hundred  and  eighty-five  years, 
under  one  hundred  and  eighty-three  Monarchs ;  until  their  submission  to 
King  Henry  the  Second  of  England,  Anno  Domini  one  thousand  one  hundred 
and  eighty-six. 

13.  Baoth,  one  of  the  sons  of  Magog;  to  whom  Scythia  came  as  his  lot. 
upon  the  division  of  the  Earth  by  Noah  amongst  his  sons,  and  by  Japhet 
of  his  part  thereof  amongst  his  sons. 

14.  Phoeniusa  Farsaidh  (or  Fenius  Farsa)  was  King  of  Scythia,  at  the 
time  that  Ninus  ruled  the  Assyrian  Empire;  and,  being  a  wise  man  and 
desirous  to  learn  the  languages  that  not  long  before  confounded  the  builders 

llreland:  According  to  the  Four  Masters,  "  Ireland  "  is  so  called  from  Ir,  the 
second  son  of  Milesius  of  Spain  who  left  any  issue.  It  was  known  to  the  ancients  by 
the   following   names: — 

To  the  Irish  as— 1.  Inis  Ealga,  or  the  Noble  Isle.  2.  Fiodh-Inis,  or  the  Woody 
Island.  3.  Crioch  Fuinidh,  the  final  or  most  remote  Country.  4.  Inis-Fail,  or  the  Island 
of  Destiny.  5.  Fodhla.  learned.  6.  Banba  (from  the  Irish  banabh,  a  sucking  pig).  7.  Eire, 
Eri,  Eirin,  and  Erin,  supposed  by  some  to  signify  the  Western  Isle.  8.  Muig  Inis, 
meaning   the   Island   of   Mist   or   Melancholy. 

To  the  Greeks  and  Romans  as— 9.  Ierne.  Ierna,  Iernis,  Iris,  and  Irin.  10.  Ivernia, 
Ibernia,  Hibernia,  Juvernia,  Jouvernia,  Hiberia,  Hiberione,  and  Verna.  11.  Insula 
Sacra.  12.  Ogy-gia,  or  the  Most  Ancient  land.  (Plutarch,  in  the  first  century  of  the 
Christian  era,  calls  Ireland  by  the  name  Ogy-gia;  and  Camden  says  that  Ireland  is 
justly  called  Ogy-gia,  as  the  Irish,  he  says,  can  trace  their  history  from  the  most  remote 
antiquity:  Hence  O'Flaherty  has  adopted  the  name  "Ogy-gia"  for  his  celebrated  work, 
in  Latin,   on  Irish  history  and  antiquities.)     13.  Scotia.      14.    Insula  Sanctorum. 

To    the    Anglo-Saxons    as — 15.  Eire-land. 

To   the   Danes  as — 16.     Irlandi,   and   Irar. 

To  the  Anglo-Normans  as — 17.  Irelande. 

222  Rossiana. 

of  the  Tower  of  Babel,  employed  able  and  learned  men  to  go  among  the 
dispersed  multitude  to  learn  their  several  languages ;  who  sometime  after 
returning  well  skilled  in  what  they  went  for,  Phceniusa  Farsaidh  erected  a 
school  in  the  valley  of  Senaar,  near  the  city  of  .Eothena,  in  the  forty-second 
year  of  the  reign  of  Ninus;  whereupon,  having  continued  there  with  his 
younger  son  Niul  for  twenty  years,  he  returned  home  to  his  kingdom,  which, 
at  his  death,  he  left  to  his  eldest  son  Nenuall :  leaving  to  Niul  no  other 
patrimony  than  his  learning  and  the  benefit  of  the  said  school. 

15.  Niul,  after  his  father  returned  to  Scythia,  continued  some  time  at 
jEothena,  teaching  the  languages  and  other  laudable  sciences,  until  upon 
report  of  his  great  learning  he  was  invited  into  Egypt  by  Pharaoh,  the  King; 
who  gave  him  the  land  of  Campus  Cyrunt,  near  the  Red  Sea,  to  inhabit,  and 
his  daughter  Scota  in  marriage:  from  whom  their  posterity  are  ever  since 
called  Scots ;  but,  according  to  some  annalists,  the  name  "  Scots  "  is  derived 
frmn  the  word  Scythia. 

It  was  this  Niul  that  employed  Gaodhal  [Gael],  son  of  Ethor,  a  learned 
and  skilful  man,  to  compose  or  rather  refine  and  adorn  the  language,  called 
Bearla  Tobbai,  which  was  common  to  all  Niul's  posterity,  and  afterwards 
GaodJiilg  (or  Gaelic),  from  the  said  Gaodhal  who  composed  or  refined  it; 
and  for  his  sake  also  Niul  called  his  own  eldest  son  "  Gaodhal."  [The 
following  is  a  translation  of  an  extract  from  the  derivation  of  this  proper 
name,  as  given  in  Halliday's  Vol.  of  Keating' s  Irish  History,  page  230: 

"  Antiquaries  assert  that  the  name  of  Gaodhal  is  from  the  compound  word 
formed  of  '  gaoith '  and  '  dil,'  which  means  a  lover  of  learning;  for,  '  gaoith  ' 
is  the  same  as  zvisdom  or  learning,  and  'dil'  is  the  same  as  loving  or  fond]. 

16.  Gaodhal  (or  Gathelus),  the  son  of  Niul,  was  the  ancestor  of  the 
Clan-na-Gael,  that  is,  "  the  children  or  descendants  of  Gaodhal."  In  his 
youth  this  Gaodhal  was  stung  in  the  neck  by  a  serpent,  and  was  immediately 
brought  to  Moses,  who,  laying  his  Rod  upon  the  wounded  place,  instantly 
cured  him:  whence  followed  the  word  "  Glas  "  to  be  added  to  his  name,  as 
Gaodal  Glas  (glas:  Irish,  green;  Lat.  glaucus;  Gr.  glaukos),  on  account  of 
the  green  scar  which  the  word  signifies,  and  which,  during  his  life,  remained 
on  his  neck  after  the  wound  was  healed.  And  Gaodhal  obtained  a  further 
blessing,  namely  —  that  no  venomous  beast  can  live  any  time  where  his 
posterity  should  inhabit ;  which  is  verified  in  Creta  or  CandL,  Gothia  or 
Getulia,  Ireland,  etc.  The  Irish  chroniclers  affirm  that  from  this  time 
Gaodhal  and  his  posterity  did  paint  the  figures  of  Beasts,  Birds,  etc.,  on 
their  banners  and  shields,  to  distinguish  their  tribes  and  septs,  in  imitation 
of  the  Israelites ;  and  that  a  "  Thunderbolt  "  was  the  cognizance  in  their  chief 
standard  for  many  generations  after  this  Gaodhal. 

17.  Asruth,  after  his  father's  death,  continued  in  Egypt,  and  governed  his 
colony  in  peace  during  his  life. 

18.  Sruth,  soon  after  his  father's  death,  was  (see  the  Dedication  of  the 
Second  Series)  set  upon  by  the  Egyptians,  on  account  of  their  former 
animosities  towards  their  predecessors  for  having  taken  part  with  the 
Israelites  against  them ;  which  animosities  until  then  lay  raked  up  in  the 
embers,  and  now  broke  out  in  a  flame  to  that  degree,  that  after  many 
battles    and    conflicts,    wherein    most    of    his    colony    lost    their    lives,    Sruth 

Pedigree  of  the  Clan  of  Rede,  or  Read.  223 

was  forced  with  the  few  remaining  to  depart  the  country ;  and,  after  many 
traverses  at  sea.  arrived  at  the  Island  of  Creta  (now  called  Candia),  where 
he  paid  his  last  tribute  to  nature. 

19.  Heber  Scut  (scut:  Irish,  a  Scot),  after  his  father's  death  and  a 
year's  stay  in  Creta,  departed  thence,  leaving  some  of  his  people  to  inhabit 
the  Island,  where  some  of  their  posterity  likely  still  remain;  "because  the 
Island  breeds  no  venomous  serpent  ever  since."  He  and  his  people  soon 
after  arrived  in  Scythia;  where  his  cousins,  the  posterity  of  Nenuall  (eldest 
son  of  Fenius  Farsa,  above  mentioned),  refusing  to  allot  a  place  of  habitation 
for  him  and  his  colony,  they  fought  many  battles  wherein  Heber  (with  the 
assistance  of  some  of  the  natives  who  were  ill-affected  towards  their  king), 
being  always  victor,  he  at  length  forced  the  sovereignty  from  the  other,  and 
settled  himself  and  his  colony  in  Scythia,  who  continued  there  for  four 
generations.  Hence  the  epithet  Scut,  "a  Scot"  or  "a  Scythian,"  was  applied 
to  this  Heber,  who  is  accordingly  called  Heber  Scot.  Heber  Scot  was  after- 
wards slain  in  battle  by  Noemus  the  former  king's   son. 

20.  Beouman;  21.  Ogaman;  and  22.  Tait,  were  each  kings  of  Scythia,  but 
in  constant  war  with  the  natives ;  so  that  after  Tait's  death  his  son, 

23.  Agnon  and  his  followers  betook  themselves  to  sea,  wandering  and 
coasting  upon  the  Caspian  Sea  for  several  (some  say  seven)  years,  in  which 
time  he  died. 

24.  Lamhfionn  and  his  fleet  remained  at  sea  for  some  time  after  his 
father's  death,  resting  and  refreshing  themselves  upon  such  islands  as  they 
met  with.  It  was  then  that  Cachear,  their  magician  or  Druid,  foretold  that 
there  would  be  no  end  of  their  peregrinations  and  travel  until  they  should 
arrive  at  the  Western  Island  of  Europe,  .now  called  Ireland,  which  was  the 
place  destined  for  their  future  and  lasting  abode  and  settlement;  and  that 
not  they  but  their  posterity  after  three  hundred  years  should  arrive  there. 
After  many  traverses  of  fortune  at  sea,  this  little  fleet  with  their  leader 
arrived  at  last  and  landed  at  Gothia  or  Getulia  —  more  recently  called  Lybia, 
where  Carthage  was  afterwards  built ;  and  soon  after,  Lamhfionn  died  there. 

25.  Heber  Glunfionn  was  born  in  Getulia,  where  he  died.  His  posterity 
continued  there  to  the  eighth  generation ;  and  were  kings  or  chief  rulers 
there  for  one  hundred  and  fifty  years  —  some  say  three  hundred  years. 

26.  Agnan  Fionn ;  27.  Febric  Glas;  28.  Nenuall;  29.  Nuadhad;  30.  Alladh; 
31..  Arcadh;  and  32.  Deag:  of  these  nothing  remarkable  is  mentioned,  but 
that  they  lived  and  died  kings  in  Gothia  or  Getulia. 

SS-  Brath  was  born  in  Gothia.  Remembering  the  Druid's  prediction,  and 
his  people  having  considerably  multiplied  during  their  abode  in  Getulia,  he 
departed  thence  with  a  numerous  fleet  to  seek  out  the  country  destined 
for  their  final  settlement,  by  the  prophecy  of  Cachear,  the  Druid  above  men- 
tioned; and,  after  some  time,  he  landed  upon  the  coast  of  Spain,  and  by 
strong  hand  settled  himself  and  his  colony  in  Galicia,  in  the  north  of  that 

34.  Breoghan  (or  Brigus)  was  king  of  Galicia,  Andalusia,  Murcia,  Castile, 
and  Portugal  —  all  of  which  he  conquered.  He  built  Breoghan's  Tower  or 
Brigantia  in  Galicia,  and  the  city  of  Brigansa  or  Braganza  in  Portugal  — 
called  after  him;  and  the  kingdom  of  Castile  was  then  also  called  after  him 



Brigia.  It  is  considered  that  "  Castile  "  itself  was  so  called  from  the  figure 
of  a  castle  which  Brigus  bore  from  his  Arms  on  his  banner.  Brigus  sent  a 
colony  into  Britain,  who  settled  in  that  territory  now  known  as  the  counties 
of  York,  Lancaster,  Durham,  Westmoreland,  and  Cumberland,  and,  after 
him,  were  called  Brigantes;  whose  posterity  gave  formidable  opposition  to 
the  Romans  at  the  time  of  the  Roman  invasion  of  Britain. 

35.  Bile  was  king  of  those  countries  after  his  father's  death;  and  his  son 
Galamh  [galav]  or  Milesius  succeeded  him.  This  Bile  had  a  brother 
named  Ithe. 

36.  Milesius,  in  his  youth  and  during  his  father's  life-time,  went  into 
Scythia,  where  he  was  kindly  received  by  the  king  of  that  country,  who 
gave  him  his  daughter  in  marriage,  and  appointed  him  General  of  his  forces. 
In  this  capacity  Milesius  defeated  the  king's  enemies,  gained  much  fame,  and 
the  love  of  all  the  king's  subjects.  His  growing  greatness  and  popularity 
excited  against  him  the  jealousy  of  the  king;  who,  fearing  the  worst,  resolved 
on  privately  despatching  Milesius  out  of  the  way,  for,  openly,  he  dare  not 
attempt  it.  Admonished  of  the  king's  intentions  in  his  regard,  Milesius  slew 
him;  and  thereupon  quitted  Scythia  and  retired  into  Egypt  with  a  fleet  of 
sixty  sail.  Pharaoh  Xectonibns,  then  king  of  Egypt,  being  informed  of  his 
arrival  and  of  his  great  valour,  wisdom,  and  conduct  in  arms,  made  him 
General  of  all  his  forces  against  the  king  of  Ethiopia  then  invading  his 
country.  Here,  as  in  Scythia,  Milesius  was  victorious;  he  forced  the- enemy 
to  submit  to  the  conqueror's  own  terms  of  peace.  By  these  exploits  Milesius 
found  great  favour  with  Pharaoh,  who  gave  him.  being  then  a  widower, 
his  daughter  Scota  in  marriage;  and  kept  him  eight  years  afterwards  in 

During  the  sojourn  of  Milesius  in  Egypt,  he  employed  the  most  ingenious 
and  able  persons  among  his  people  to  be  instructed  in  the  several  trades, 
arts,  and  sciences  used  in  Egypt;  in  order  to  have  them  taught  to  the  rest 
of  his  people  on  his  return  to  Spain. 

[The  original  name  of  Milesius  of  Spain  was,  as  already  mentioned, 
"Galamh"  (gall:  Irish,  a  stranger;  amh,  a  negative  affix),  which  means 
no  stranger:  meaning  that  he  was  no  stranger  in  Egypt,  where  he  was  called 
"  Milethea  Spaine,"  which  wss  afterwards  contracted  to  "Mile  Spaine " 
(meaning  the  Spanish  Hero),  and  finally  to  "Milesius"  (mileadh:  Irish, 
a  hero;  Lat.   miles,  a  soldier).] 

At  length  Milesius  took  leave  of  his  father-in-law,  and  steered  towards 
Spain;  where  he  arrived  to  the  great  joy  and  comfort  of  his  people,  who  were 
much  harassed  by  the  rebellion  of  the  natives  and  by  the  intrusion  of  other 
foreign  nations  that  forced  in  after  his  father's  death,  and  during  his  own 
absence  from  Spain.  With  these  and  those  he  often  met ;  and.  in  fifty-four 
battles,  victoriously  fought,  he  routed,  destroyed,  and  totally  extirpated  them 
out  of  the  country,  which  he  settled  in  peace  and  quietness. 

In  his  reign  a  great  dearth  and  famine  occurred  in  Spain,  of  twenty-six 
years'  continuance,  occasioned  as  well  by  reason  of  the  former  troubles 
which  hindered  the  people  from  cultivating  and  manuring  the  ground,  as 
for  want  of  rain  to  moisten  the  earth;  but  Milesius  superstitiously  believed 
the  famine  to  have  fallen  upon  him  and  his  people  as  a  judgment  and  punish- 

Pedigree  of  the  Clan  of  Rede,  or  Read.  225 

ment  from  their  gods,  for  their  negligence  in  seeking  out  the  country  destined 
for  their  final  abode,  so  long  before  foretold  by  Cachear  their  Druid  or 
magician,  as  already  mentioned  —  the  time  limited  by  the  prophecy  for  the 
accomplishment  thereof  being  now  nearly,  if  not  fully,  expired.  To  expiate 
his  fault  and  to  comply  with  the  will  of  his  gods,  Milesius,  with  the  general 
approbation  of  his  people,  sent  his  uncle  Ithe,  with  his  son  Lughaidh  [Luy], 
and  one  hundred  and  fifty  stout  men  to  bring  them  an  account  of  those 
western  islands ;  who,  accordingly,  arriving  at  the  island  since  then  called 
Ireland,  and  landing  in  that  part  of  it  now  called  Munster,  left  his  son 
with  fifty  of  his  men  to  guard  the  ship,  and  with  the  rest  travelled  about  the 
island.  Informed,  among  other  things,  that  the  three  sons  of  Cearmad, 
called  Mac-Cuill,  MacCeacht,  and  MacGreine,  did  then  and  for  thirty  years 
before  rule  and  govern  the  island,  each  for  one  year,  in  his  turn ;  and  that 
the  country  was  called  after  the  names  of  their  three  queens  —  Eire,  Fodhla, 
and  Banbha,  respectively :  one  year  called  "  Eire,"  the  next  "  Fodhla,"  and 
the  next  "Banbha,"  as  their  husbands  reigned  in  their  regular  turns;  by 
which  names  the  island  is  ever  since  indifferently  called,  but  most  commonly 
"  Eire,"  because  that  MacCuill,  the  husband  of  Eire,  ruled  and  governed  the 
country  in  his  turn  the  year  that  the  Clan-na-Mile  (or  the  sons  of  Milesius) 
arrived  in  and  conquered  Ireland.  And  being  further  informed  that  the 
three  brothers  were  then  at  their  palace  at  Aileach  Neid,  in  the  north  part  of 
the  country,  engaged  in  the  settlement  of  some  disputes  concerning  their 
family  jewels,  Ithe  directed  his  course  thither;  sending  orders  to  his  son 
to  sail  about  with  his  ship  and  rest  of  his  men,  and  meet  him  there. 

When  Ithe  arrived  where  the  (Danan)  brothers  were,  he  was  honourably 
received  and  entertained  by  them ;  and,  finding  him  to  be  a  man  of  great 
wisdom  and  knowledge,  they  referred  their  disputes  to  him  for  decision. 
That  decision  having  met  their  entire  satisfaction,  Ithe  exhorted  them  to 
mutual  love,  peace,  and  forebearance ;  adding  much  in  praise  of  their  delight- 
ful, pleasant,  and  fruitful  country;  and  then  took  his  leave,  to  return  to  his 
ship,  and  go  back  to  •  Spain. 

No  sooner  was  he  gone  than  the  brothers  began  to  reflect  on  the  high 
commendations  which  Ithe  gave  of  the  Island ;  and,  suspecting  his  design  of 
bringing  others  to  invade  it,  resolved  to  prevent  them,  and  therefore  pursued 
him  with  a  strong  party,  overtook  him,  fought  and  routed  his  men  and 
wounded  himself  to  death  (before  his  son  or  the  rest  of  his  men  left  on 
ship-board  could  come  to  his  rescue)  at  a  place  called,  from  that  fight  and 
his  name,  Magh  Ithe  or  "The  Plain  of  Ithe"  (an  extensive  plain  in  the 
barony  of  Raphoe,  county  Donegal)  ;  whence  his  son,  having  found  him  in 
that  condition,  brought  his  dead  and  mangled  body  back  into  Spain,  and 
there  exposed  it  to  public  view,  thereby  to  excite  his  friends  and  relations 
to  avenge  his  murder. 

And  here  I  think  it  not  amiss  to  notify  what  the  Irish  chroniclers  observed 
upon  this  matter,  viz. —  that  all  the  invaders  and  planters  of  Ireland,  namely, 
Parthalon,  Neimhedh,  the  Firbolgs,  Tuatha-de-Danans,  and  Clan-na-Mile. 
were  originally  Scythians,  of  the  line  of  Japhet,  who  had  the  language  called 
Bearla-Tobbai  or  Gaoidhilg  [Gaelic]  common  amongst  them  all;  and  conse- 
quently not  to  be  wondered  at,  that  Ithe  and  the  Tuatha-de-Danans  under- 

226  Rossiana. 

stood  one  another  without  an  Interpreter  —  both  speaking  the  same  language, 
though  perhaps  with   some  difference  in  the  accent. 

The  exposing  of  the  dead  body  of  Ithe  had  the  desired  effect;  for,  there- 
upon, Milesius  made  great  preparations  in  order  to  invade  Ireland  —  as  well 
to  avenge  his  uncle's  death.,  as  also  in  obedience  to  the  will  of  his  gods, 
signified  by  the  prophecy  of  Cachear,  aforesaid.  But,  before  he  could  effect 
that  object,  he  died,  leaving  the  care  and  charge  of  that  expedition  upon 
his  eight  legitimate  sons  by  his  two  wives  before  mentioned. 

Milesius  was  a  very  valiant  champion,  a  great  warrior,  and  fortunate  and 
prosperous  in  all  his  undertakings :  witness  his  name  of  "  Milesius,"  given 
him  from  the  many  battles  (some  say  <7  thousand,  which  the  word  "Mile" 
signifies  in  Irish  as  well  as  in  Latin)  which  he  victoriously  fought  and  won, 
as  well  in  Spain,  as  in  all  the  other  countries  and  kingdoms  he  traversed 
in  his  younger  days. 

The  eight  brothers  were  neither  forgetful  nor  negligent  in  the  execution 
of  their  father's  command ;  but,  soon  after  his  death,  with  a  numerous  fleet 
well  manned  and  equipped,  set  forth  from  Breoghan's  Tower  or  Brigantui 
(now  Corunna)  in  Galicia,  in  Spain,  and  sailed  prosperously  to  the  coasts 
of  Ireland  or  Inis-Fail,  where  they  met  many  difficulties  and  various  chances 
before  they  could  land :  occasioned  by  the  diabolical  arts,  sorceries,  and 
enchantments  used  by  the  Tuatha-de-Danans,  to  obstruct  their  landing;  for, 
by  their  magic  art,  they  enchanted  the  island  so  as  to  appear  to  the  Milesians 
or  Clan-na-Mile  in  the  form  of  a  Hog,  and  no  way  to  come  at  it  (whence 
the  island,  among  the  many  other  names  it  had  before,  was  called  Muc-Inis 
or  "  The  Hog  Island  ")  ;  and  withal  raised  so  great  a  storm,  that  the  Milesian 
rleet  was  thereby  totally  dispersed  and  many  of  them  cast  away,  wherein  five 
of  the  eight  brothers,  sons  of  Milesius,  lost  their  lives.  That  part  of  the 
fleet  commanded  by  Heber.  Heremon,  and  Amergin  (the  three  surviving 
brothers),  and  Heber  Dunn,  son  of  Ir  (one  of  the  brothers  lost  in  the  storm), 
overcame  all  opposition,  landed  -ate.  fought  and  routed  the  three  Tuatha-de- 
Danan  Kings  at  Slieve-Mis,  and  thence  pursued  and  overtook  them  at 
Tailten,  where  another  bloody  battle  was  fought;  wherein  the  three  (Tuatha- 
de-Danan)  Kings  and  their  Queens  were  slain,  and  their  army  utterly  routed 
and  destroyed:  so  that  they  could  never  after  give  any  opposition  to  the 
Clan-na-Mile  in  their  new  conquest;  who.  having  thus  sufficiently  avenged 
the  death  of  their  great  uncle  Ithe,  gained  the  possession  of  the  country 
foretold  them  by  Cachear,  some  ages  past,  as  already  mentioned. 

Heber  and  Heremon,  the  chief  leading  men  remaining  of  the  eight 
brothers,  sons  of  Milesius  aforesaid,  divided  the  kingdom  between  them 
(allotting  a  proportion  of  land  to  their  brother  Amergin,  who  was  their 
Arch-priest,  Druid,  or  magician ;  and  to  their  nephew  Heber  Donn,  and 
to  the  rest  of  their  chief  commanders),  and  became  jointly  the  first  of 
one  hundred  and  eighty-three  Kings  or  sole  Monarchs  of  the  Gaelic,  Milesian, 
or  Scottish  Race,  that  ruled  and  governed  Ireland,  successively,  for  two 
thousand  eight  hundred  and  eighty-five  years  from  the  first  year  of  their 
reign.  Anno  Mundi  three  thousand  five  hundred,  to  their  submission  to 
the  Crown  of  England  in  the  person  of  King  Henry  the  Second;  who, 
being    also    of    the     Milesian     Race    by    Maude,    his     mother,     was     lineally 

Pedigree  of  the  Clan  of  Rede,  or  Read.  227 

descended  from  Fergus  Mor  MacEarca,  first  King  of  Scotland,  who  was 
descended  from  the  said  Heremon  — so  that  the  succession  may  be  truly 
said  to  continue  in  the  Milesian  Blood  from  Before  Christ  one  thousand 
six  hundred  and  ninety-nine  years  down  to  the  present  time. 

Heber  and  Heremon  reigned  jointly  one  year  only,  when,  upon  a  difference 
between  their  ambitious  wives,  they  quarrelled  and  fought  a  battle  at 
Ardcath  or  Geshill  (Geashill,  near  Tullamofe  in  the  King's  County),  where 
Heber  was  slain  by  Heremon ;  and,  soon  after,  Amergin,  who  claimed  an 
equal  share  in  the  government,  was,  in  another  battle  fought  between  them, 
likewise  slain  by  Heremon.  Thus,  Heremon  became  sole  Monarch,  and  made 
a  new  division  of  the  land  amongst  his  comrades  and  friends,  viz. :  the  south 
part,  now  called  Munster,  he  gave  to  his  brother  Heber's  four  sons,  Er,  Orba, 
Feron,  and  Fergna ;  the  north  part,  now  Ulster,  he  gave  to  Ir's  only  son 
Heber  Donn;  the  east  part  or  Coigeadh  Gallon,  now  called  Leinster,  he  gave 
to  Criomthann-sciath-bheil,  one  of  his  commanders ;  and  the  west  part,  now 
called  Connaught,  Heremon  gave  to  Un-Mac-Oigge,  another  of  his  com- 
manders ;  allotting  a  part  of  Munster  to  Lughaidh  (the  son  of  Ithe,  the  first 
Milesian  discoverer  of  Ireland),  amongst  his  brother  Heber's  sons. 

From  these  three  brothers,  Heber,  Ir,  and  Heremon  (Amergin  dying 
without  issue),  are  descended  all  the  Milesian  Irish  of  Ireland  and  Scotland, 
viz.  :  from  Heber,  the  eldest  brother,  the  provincial  Kings  of  Munster  (of 
whom  thirty-eight  were  sole  Monarchs  of  Ireland),  and  most  of  the  nobility 
and  gentry  of  Munster,  and  many  noble  families  in  Scotland,  are  descended. 
From  Ir,  the  second  brother,  all  the  provincial  Kings  of  Ulster  (of  whom 
twenty-six  were  sole  Monarchs  of  Ireland),  and  all  the  ancient  nobility  and 
gentry  of  Ulster,  and  many  noble  families  in  Leinster,  Munster,  and  Con- 
naught,  derive  their  pedigrees;  and,  in  Scotland,  the  Clan-na-Rory  —  the 
descendants  of  an  eminent  man,  named  Ruadhri  or  Roderick,  who  was 
Monarch  of  Ireland  for  seventy  years  (viz.,  from  Before  Christ  288  to  218). 
From  Heremon,  the  youngest  of  the  three  brothers,  were  descended  one 
hundred  and  fourteen  sole  Monarchs  of  Ireland:  the  provincial  Kings  and 
Hermonian  nobility  and  gentry  of  Leinster,  Connaught,  Meath,  Orgiall, 
Tirowen,  Tirconnell,  and  Clan-na-boy;  the  Kings  of  Dalriada;  all  the  Kings 
of  Scotland  from  Fergus  Mor  MacEarca  down  to  the  Stuarts;  and  the  Kings 
and  Queens  of  England  from  Henry  the  Second  down  to  the  present  time. 

The  issue  of  Ithe  is  not  accounted  among  the  Milesian  Irish  or  Clan-na- 
Mile,  as  not  being  descended  from  Milesins,  but  from  his  uncle  Ithe;  of 
whose  posterity  there  were  also  some  Monarchs  of  Ireland  (see  Roll  of  the 
Irish  Monarchs,  in  Part  III,  c.  ii),  and  many  provincial  or  half  provincial 
Kings  of  Munster:  that  country  upon  its  first  division  being  allocated  to 
the  sons  of  Heber  and  to  Lughaidh,  son  of  Ithe,  whose  posterity  continued 
there  accordingly. 

This  invasion,  conquest,  or  plantation  of  Ireland  by  the  Milesian  or  Scottish 
Nation  took  place  in  the  Year  of  the  World  three  thousand  five  hundred,  or 
the  next  year  after  Solomon  began  the  foundation  of  the  Temple  of  Jeru- 
salem, and  one  thousand  six  hundred  and  ninety-nine  years  before  the 
Nativity  of  our  Saviour  Jesus  Christ;  which,  according  to  the  Irish  computa- 
tion of  Time,  occurred  Anno  Mundi  five  thousand  one  hundred  and  ninety- 

228  Rossi  a  >t  a. 

nine:  therein  agreeing  with  the  Septuagint,  Roman  Martyrologies,  Eusebius, 
Orosius,  and  other  ancient  authors;  which  computation  the  ancient  Irish 
chroniclers  exactly  observed  in  their  Books  of  the  Reigns  of  the  Monarchs 
of  Ireland,  and  other  Antiquities  of  that  Kingdom;  out  of  which  the  Roll 
of  the  Monarchs  of  Ireland,  from  the  beginning  of  the  Milesian  Monarchy  to 
their  submission  to  King  Henry  the  Second  of  England,  a  Prince  of  their 
own  Blood,  is  exactly  collected. 

[As  the  Milesian  invasion  of  Ireland  took  place  the  next  year  after  the 
laying  of  the  foundation  of  the  Temple  of  Jerusalem  by  Solomon,  King  of 
Israel,  we  may  infer  that  Solomon  was  contemporary  with  Milesius  of 
Spain;  and  that  the  Pharaoh  King  of  Egypt,  who  (i  Kings  iii.  I,)  gave 
his  daughter  in  marriage  to  Solomon,  was  the  Pharaoh  who  conferred  on 
Milesius  of  Spain  the  hand  of  another  daughter  Scota.] 

Milesius  of  Spain  bore  three  Lions  in  his  shield  and  standard,  for  the 
following  reasons;  namely,  that,  in  his  travels  in  his  younger  days  into 
foreign  countries,  passing  through  Africa,  he,  by  his  cunning  and  valour, 
killed  in  one  morning  three  Lions;  and  that,  in  memory  of  so  noble  and 
valiant  an  exploit,  he  always  after  bore  three  Lions  on  his  shield,  which 
his  two  surviving  sons  Heber  and  Heremon,  and  his  grandson  Heber  Donn, 
son  of  Ir,  after  their  conquest  of  Ireland,  divided  amongst  them,  as  well  as 
they  did  the  country :  each  of  them  bearing  a  Lion  in  his  shield  and  banner, 
but  of  different  colours;  which  the  Chiefs  of  their  posterity  continue  to 
this  day :  some  with  additions  and  differences ;  others  plain  and  entire  as 
they  had  it  from  their  ancestors. 

Descent  from  Adam  to  Milesius  of  Spain. 

i.  Adam;  17.  Asruth,  his  son; 

2.  Seth,  his  son ;  18.  Sruth,  his  son ; 

3.  Enos,  his  son;  19.  Heber  Scutt  (Scott),  his  son; 

4.  Cainan,  his  son;  20.  Beouman,  his  son; 

5.  Mahalaleel.  his  son;  21.  Oghaman,  his  son; 

6.  Jared,  his  son;  22.  Tait,  his  son; 

7.  Enoch,  his  son ;  23.  Agnan,  his  son ; 

8.  Methuselah,  his  son ;  24.  Lamhfionn,  his  son ; 

9.  Lantech,  his  son;  25.  Heber  Glunfionn,  his  son; 

10.  Noah,  his  son.  26.  Agnan  Fionn,  his  son ; 

11.  Japhet,  his  son.  27.  Febric  Glas,  his  son; 

12.  Magog,  his  son ;  28.  Xenuall,  his  son ; 

13.  Baoth,    his    son.  (Baoth:     Irish,      29.  Nuadhad,  his  son; 

"  simple  ;  "    Hebrew,    "  to    ter-      30.  Alladh,  his  son  ; 
rify.")  31.  Arcadh.  his  son  ; 

14.  Phceniusa    (or  Fenius)    Farsaidh,      3^-  Deagh.  his  son; 

the  inventor  of  Letters,  his  son;       33-  Brath,  his  son; 

15.  Niul,  his  son;  34-  Breoghan  (or  Brigus),  his  son; 

16.  Gaodhal    (the   Clann-na-Gaodhail,      35-  Bile,  his  son; 

or  the  Gaels),  his  son;  36.  Milesius  of  Spain,  his  son; 

Pedigree  of  the  Clan  of  Rede,  or  Read. 


Descent  from  Milesius  of  Spain  to  .Eneas  Turmeach-Teamrach. 

2,~.  Heremon,  second  Monarch  of  Ire- 
land, his  son ; 

38.  Irial  Faidh,  the  10th  Monarch, 
his  son ; 

39  Eithriall,  the  nth  Monarch,  his 
son ; 

40.  Falach  (or  Fallain),  his  son; 

41.  Tighearnmas,  the    13th   Monarch, 

his  son; 

42.  Eanbrotha,  his  son ; 

43.  Smiorgoill,  his   son ; 

44.  Fiachadh     Lamhraein,     the     18th 

Monarch,  his  son ; 
45-  Aongus  (or  /Eneas)  Ollmuchach, 
the  20th  Monarch,  his  son ; 

46.  Maon,  his  son; 

47.  Rotheachta,  the  22d  Monarch,  his 


48.  Dein,  his  son ; 

49.  Siorna  Saoghalach,  the  34th  Mon- 

arch, his  son; 

50.  Olioll  Olchaoin,  his  son ; 

51.  Giallchadh,  the  37th  Monarch,  his 


52.  Nuadhas  Fionnfail,  the  39th  Mon- 

arch, his  son; 

53.  Aodh  Glas,  his  son ; 

54.  Simeon  Breac,  the  44th  Monarch, 

his  son ; 

55.  Muireadhach     (Muredach)     Bol- 

gach,  the  46th  Monarch,  his  son  ; 

56.  Fiachadh  Tolgrach,  the  55th  Mon- 

arch, his  son ; 

57.  Duach  Ladhrach,  the  59th  Mon- 

arch, his  son ; 

58.  Eochaidh  Buidhe,  his  son ; 

59.  Ugaine   Mor,   the   66th   Monarch, 

his  son  ; 

60.  Cobthach    Caol-bhreagh,  the  69th 

Monarch,  his  son; 

61.  Melg  Molbhthach,  the  71st  Mon- 

arch, his  son ; 

62.  Iarn  Gleo-Fathach,  the  74th  Mon- 

arch, his  son; 

63.  Conla  Caomh,  the  76th  Monarch, 

his  son ; 

64.  Olioll  Casfiacalach,  the  77th  Mon- 

arch, his  son; 

65.  Eochaidh     Altleathan,     the     79th 

Monarch,  his  son; 

66.  Aongus    (or  ^Eneas)    Turmeach- 

Teamrach,  the  81st  Monarch 
(from  whose  younger  son, 
Fiacha  Fearmara,  the  kings  of 
Dalriada,  in'  Scotland,  down  to 
Loarn,  the  maternal  grand- 
father of  Fergus  Mor  Mac- 
Earca,  were  descended)  ; 

Descent  from   /Eneas   Turmeach-Teamrach   to   Fergus    Mor   MacEarca 

67.  Enda  Agneach,  the  84th  Monarch, 

son  of  Turmeach-Teamrach; 

68.  Asaman  Eamhnadh,  his  son ;  77- 

69.  Roighean   Ruadh,  his  son; 

70.  Fionnlaoch,  his  son; 

71.  Fionn,  his  son;  78. 

72.  Eochaidh     Feidhlioch,     the     93d 

Monarch,  his  son  ;  79. 

73.  Breas-Nar-Lothar,  his  son : 

74.  Lugaidh  Sriabh-n  Dearg,  the  98th 

Monarch,  his  son  ;  80. 

75.  Crimthann      Niadh-Nar      (called 

Crimthann     the     Heroic),     the 
iooth     Monarch,    who     reigned      81. 
when  Christ  was  born,  his  son ; 

76.  Feareadach       [Feredach]       Fionn 

Feachtnach    (or    Feredach,    the 

True    and    Sincere),    the    I02d 

Monarch,  his  son ; 
Fiacha  Fionn  Ola    (or  Fiacha  of 

the    White    Oxen),    the    104th 

Monarch,  his  son ; 
Tuathal     Teachdmar,     the     106th 

Monarch,  his  son ; 
Felim    Rachtmar    (or   Felim,   the 

Lawgiver),  the  108th  Monarch. 

his  son ; 
Conn  Ceadcatha   (or  Conn  of  the 

Hundred    Battles),     the     noth 

Monarch,  his  son; 
Art-Ean-Fhear     (or    Art-Enear), 

the   112th   Monarch,   the   ances- 
tor     of      O'h-Airt,      anglicised 

O'Hart,  his  son ; 


Rossi  an  a. 

82.  Cormac  Ulfhada  (commonly  called 

"  Cormac  Mac  Art  "),  the  115th 
Monarch,  his  son ; 

83.  Cairbre  Liffechar,  the  117th  Mon- 

arch, his  son ; 

84.  Fiacha  Srabhteine,  the  120th  Mon- 

arch, his   son ; 

85.  Muredach  Tireach   [teeragh],  the 

I22d  Monarch,  his  son; 

86.  Eochaidh    Muigh    Meadhoin    (or 

Eochy     Moyoone),     the     124th 
Monarch,  his  son ; 

87.  Niall  Mor  (known  as  Niall  of  the 

Nine  Hostages),  the  126th 
Monarch,  his  son; 

88.  Eoghan   (Owen),  his  son; 

89.  Muredach,  his  son ; 

90.  Fergus     Mor     Mac    Earca,1     the 

brother  of  Murchertach  (or 
Murtogh)  Mor  MacEarca,  the 
131st  Monarch  of  Ireland,  his 

Descent  of  the  Kings  of  Dalriada  in  Scotland  from  .Eneas  Tuirmeach- 


iEneas  Tuirmeach-Teamrach  (No.  66  in  the  preceding  pedigree),  the 
8 1st  Monarch  of  Ireland,  who  died  at  Tara,  before  Christ,  324,  had  a  son 
named  Fiacha  Firmara,  who  was  ancestor  of  the  Kings  of  Dalriada  and 
Argyle,  in  Scotland.  Following  is  the  descent  from  .Eneas  Tuirmeach- 
Teamrach  to  Fergus  Mor  MacEarca,  founder  of  the  Scottish  Monarchy: 

67.  Fiacha  Firmara,  as  above. 

68.  Olioll  Earon,  his  son ; 

69.  Fearach,  his  son ; 

70.  Forga,  his  son  ; 

71.  Main  Mor,  his  son ; 

72.  Arnold,  his  son  ; 
72,.  Rathrean.  his  son  ; 

74.  Trean,  son  of  Rathrean ; 

75.  Rosan,  his  son ; 

76.  Suin,  his  son ; 

77-  Deadha,   his   son  ;   had  a  younger 

78.  Iar,  his   son; 

79.  Olioll  Anglonnach,  his  son ; 

80.  Eoghan,  his  son  ; 

81.  Edersceol,    son    of   Eoghan,    who 

was  the  95th   Monarch  of  Ire- 

82.  Conaire  Mor   (or  Conarius  Mag- 

nus), his  son,  who  was  the  97th 
Monarch  of  Ireland; 

83.  Carbry  Fion  Mor,  his  son ; 

84.  Daire  (or  Darius)  Dorn  Mor,  his 

son ; 

85.  Carbry  (2)  Cromcheann,  his  son ; 

86.  Lughach  (or  Luy)  Altain,  his  son; 

1"  In  a.  D.  498,  Fergus  Mor  Mac  Earca,  in  the  twentieth  year  of  the  reign  of  his 
father,  Muredach,  son  of  (Eugenius,  or)  Owen,  sen  of  Niall  of  the  Nine  Hostages,  with 
five  more  of  his  brothers,  viz.,  another  Fergus,  two  more  named  Loarn,  and  two  named 
Aongus  (or  yEneas),  with  a  complete  army,  went  into  Scotland  to  assist  his  grandfather 
Loarn,  who  was  king  of  Dalriada,  and  who  was  much  oppressed  by  his  enemies  the 
Picts,  who  were  in  several  battles  and  engagements  vanquished  and  overcome  by  Fergus 
and  his  party.  Whereupon,  on  the  king's  death,  which  happened  about  the  same  time, 
the  said  Fergus  was  unanimously  elected  and  chosen  king,  as  being  of  the  Blood  Royal, 
by  his  mother;  and  the  said  Fergus  was  the  first  absolute  king  of  Scotland,  of  the 
Milesian  Race;  so  the  succession  continued  in  his  blood  and  lineage  ever  since  to  this 
day." — Four  Masters. 

According  to  the  Scottish  chroniclers,  it  was  a.  d.  424.  that  Fergus  Mor  Mac  Earca 
went  from  Ireland  to  Scotland.  Before  him,  the  Milesian  kings  in  that  country  were 
kings  only  of  that  part  of  it  called  "  Dalriada,"  of  which  Loarn.  the  grandfather  of 
Fergus  Mor  Mac  Earca  {Mac  Earca:  Irish,  son  of  Earca,  daughter  of  Loarn)  was  the 
last    king. 

Pedigree  of  the  Clan  of  Rede,  or  Read. 


87.  Mogha  Lainne,  his  son ; 

88.  Conaire    (2),    his    son,   who   was 

the  1  nth  Monarch  of  Ireland, 
and  known  as  "  Conaire  Mac 
Mogha  Lainne."  This  Conaire 
(or  Conarius)  the  Second,  was 
married  to  Sarad,  daughter  of 
Conn  of  the  Hundred  Battles, 
the  noth  Monarch  of  Ireland, 
who  began  to  reign  A.  D.  122; 
and  Sarad  was  mother  of  Car- 
bry  Riada,  the  first  king  of 
Dalriada  (Dal-Riada;  Irish, 
Riada's  share  or  portion)  in 

89.  Carbry    Riada,*    son    of    Conaire 

the  Second,  whose  brother, 
Cairbre  Muse,    was  ancestor  of 

O'Falvey  and  O'Shee,  and 
whose  son,  Eochaidh,  settled  in 

90.  Kionga,  King  of  Dalriada; 

91.  Felim  Lamh-foidh,  his  son,  King 

of  Dalriada; 

92.  Eochy   Fortamail,   his   son,   King 

of  Dalriada; 

93.  Fergus  Uallach,  his  son,  King  of 

/Eneas     Feart      (feartas:     Irish, 

manly     conduct;     Lat.     virtus) 

his  son,  King  of  Dalriada; 
Eochy     Mun-reamhar,     his     son, 

King  of  Dalriada; 

96.  Earc,  his  son,  King  of  Dalriada ; 

97.  Loarn,  his  son,  and  the  last  King 

of  Dalriada. 



This  was  the  Loarn  to  assist  whom  in  his  war  against  the  Picts,  his 
grandson,  Fergus  Mor  MacEarca,  went  to  Scotland,  A.  D.  498,  or,  according 
to  the  Scottish  chroniclers,  A.  D.  424;  and  this  Fergus  Mor  MacEarca  was 
the  founder  of  the  Scottish   Monarchy. 

*Carbry  Riada  (Reoda) :  "One  of  the  most  noted  facts  in  ancient  Irish  and  British 
history,"  writes  Dr.  Joyce,  "  is  the  migration  of  colonies  from  the  north  of  Ireland  to 
the  neighboring  coasts  of  Scotland,  and  the  intimate  intercourse  that  in  consequence 
existed  in  early  ages  between  the  two  countries.  The  first  regular  settlement  mentioned 
by  our  historians  was  made  in  the  latter  part  of  the  second  century,  by  Cairbre  Riada, 
son  of  Conary  the  Second,  king  of  Ireland.  This  expedition,  which  is  mentioned 
in  most  of  our  Annals,  is  confirmed  by  Bede,  in  the  following  words: — 'In  course  of 
time,  Britain,  besides  the  Britons  and  Picts,  received  a  third  nation,  Scotia,  who, 
issuing  from  Hibernia  under  the  leadership  of  Reuda  (Riada),  secured  for  themselves, 
either  by  friendship  or  by  the  sword,  settlements  among  the  Picts  which  they  still 
possess.  From  the  name  of  their  commander,  they  are  to  this  day  called  Dalrcudini: 
tor,  in  their  language,  Dal  signifies  a  part.'      (Hist.   Eccl.,  Lib.  I.   cap.  1.) 

"  There  were  other  colonies,  also,  the  most  remarkable  of  which  was  that  led  by 
Fergus,  Angus,  and  Loarn,  the  three  sons  of  Ere,  which  laid  the  foundation  of  the 
Scottish  monarchy.  The  country  colonized  by  these  emigrants  was  known  by  the  name 
of  Airer  Gaedhil  [Arrer-gale],  i.  e.  the  territory  of  the  Gael  or  Irish;  and  the  name  is 
still  applied  to  the  territory  in  the  shortened  form  of  Argyle,  a  living  record  of  these 
early  colonizations. 

The  tribes  over  whom  Cairbre  ruled  were,  as  Bede  and  our  own  Annals  record, 
called  from  him  Dalriada,  (Riada's  portion  or  tribe);  of  which  there  were  two— one  in 
(the  north  of)  Ireland,  and  the  other  and  more  illustrious  in  Scotland."— Irish  Names 
of  Places. 

Read,  or  Reade,  of   Barton 


BARTON  MANOR,  with  the  ancient  palace  of  the  Abbots  of  Abingdon  — 
otherwise    named    the    "  King's    House,"    because    the    sovereign    could 
claim    hospitality    of    its    owner  —  was    acquired    by    Thomas    Reade, 
founder  of  the  Barton  Court  line,  in  1550,  as  set  forth  in  the  Inq.  p.  mortem 
held  at  Abingdon,  April  13,  1557: 

King  Edward  VI  was  seized  in  fee  of  the  Manor  of  Barton,  formerly 
belonging  to  the  Monastery  at  Abendon,  and  of  various  lands  demised  to 
John  Audelett,  and  by  letters  patent  July  10th,  I  Edward  VI  (1547),  he 
granted  the  premises  to  Richard  Lee,  Knight.  By  license  of  the  same  King 
a  fine  was  levied  Michaelmas,  1547,  between  Edmund  Herman,  plaintiff,  and 
the  said  Richard  Lee,  Knight,  and  Margaret,  his  wife,  deforciants,  who 
remised  and  quit-claimed  the  premises  to  Herman  and  his  heirs.  By  another 
license  of  the  same  King  a  fine  was  levied  in  Easter  term,  1548,  between 
the  said  Thomas  Rede  and  Anne,  his  wife,  plaintiffs,  and  the  said  Edmund 
Herman  and  Agnes,  his  wife,  deforciants,  who  remised  and  quit-claimed  to 
the  said  Thomas  and  Anne.  The  said  Richard  Lee,  Knight,  by  his  writing, 
dated  February  12th,  1550,  for  the  sum  of  £40  13s.  4d.  released  the  premises 
to  Rede  and  wife. 

The  great  Manor  of  Barton,  at  this  time,  consisted  of  the  following  lands 
and  estates,  as  stated  in  the  above  document : 

Alderne,  Inny,  Pomney,  Stokey,  Gosey,  Bartoun,  Brewarney,  Brislay  Hille, 
Barrowe  Hille,  Sudbrooke,  Crowe  Close,  Conynger,  Myre  Close,  Pounde 
Close,  Straye  Close,  Bowre  Close,  Box  Hille,  Barton  Pece  (the  20  acres 
lying  and  being  in  Barton),  with  the  usual  Manorial  privileges,  including 
spiritual  as  well  as  temporal  appurtenances. 

This  manor,  originally  the  property  of  the  Abbey  of  Abingdon,  the  last 
Abbot  (Thomas  Rowland)  gave,  granted  and  surrendered  to  King  Henry 
VIII,  with  the  monastery  and  titles,  February  9,  1538.  This  grant  was 
farther  endorsed  by  a  statute  passed  April  28,   1541. 

The  bulk  of  Thomas  Reade's  other  real  estate,  as  set  forth  in  the  same 
Inq.  />.  mortem,  consisted  of  lands  in  Sonningwell,  Long  Wittnam,  Stanmere, 
Byddon  (Beedon),  Ballyng,  Foller,  UJffingtou,  Kingston  Lysley,  Abingdon 
and  Wanting   (Wantage). 

Thomas  Reade's  name  first  occurs  in  a  conveyance  (T536)  by  John 
Audelett.  then  of  Abingdon,  but  previously  of  Woburn,  Bucks,  to  himself 
and  others,  of  the  Manors  of  Ipsden  Huntercombe  and  Ipsden  Bassett,* 
in  trust  for  his  wife  Catherine.  He  was  seized  of  other  estates  by  a  similar 
joint-purchase  with  his  cousin,  Catherine  Audelett,  in  survivorship,  viz. : 
the  Manor  of  Idmyston,  Wilts.,  with  lands  in  Stratton  St.  Margaret;  the 
Manor  of  Denford,  with  lands  in  Raunds,  Ringstead  and  Wold,  Northants, 
and  the  Manor  of  Dunstew,  Oxon,  the  latter  having  been  purchased  by  John 
Audelett,  in   1528,  of  the  suppressed  Abbey  of  Merton. 

*The  manors  of  Ipsden  Huntercombe  and  Ipsden  Bassett  alone,  of  all  the  manors 
held  by  this  line,   survive  to  the  family  after  a  lapse  of  nearly  four  centuries. 

236  Rossiana. 

Thomas  Reade  was  buried  April  27,  1556,  in  the  Reade  aisle  of  St.  Helen's 
Church.  Abingdon,  Berks.  His  wife,  Anne  Hoo,  survived  him  nineteen 
years,  and.  by  direction  of  her  will,  was  also  buried  in  the  Read  aisle  at 
St.    Helen's. 

Thomas  Reade  ( d.  1604),  son  of  Thomas,  first  proprietor  of  Barton  Manor, 
married  Mary  Stonhouse,  daughter  of  George  Stonhouse,  Esq.,  Lord  of  the 
Manors  of  Little  or  West  Peckham,  Kent,  and  Radley,  Berks.  The  Manor 
of  Barton  subtends  that  of  Radley.  and  it  is  a  coincidence  that  the  recent 
owner  of  Barton  Manor,  Sir  W.  Bowyer,  Bart.,  like  the  Reade  family,  whom 
the   Bowyers   succeeded   there,   is  a   descendant   of   George   Stonhouse. 


Beedon,  mentioned  above,  was  formerly  one  of  the  seats  of  the  De  Lisle 
family.  Lyson's  Britannica  says:  "Alice  De  Lisle  had  the  Royal  license  to 
make  a  park  at  Beedon  in  1336."  The  estate  afterward  passed  to  Thomas, 
fourth  Lord  Berkeley  (d.  1417).  who  married  Margaret  (d.  1395),  daughter 
of  General  De  Lisle;  then  to  Lady  Elizabeth  Berkeley,  their  daughter,  who 
married  Richard  Beauchamp,  Earl  of  Warwick:  then  to  Lady  Alianora 
Beauchamp,  their  daughter,  who  married  the  Duke  of  Somerset;  then  to 
Lady  Johanna  Beaufort,  their  daughter,  who  married,  first,  Lord  Howethe, 
and.  secondly,   Richard   Frye. 

At  the  decease  of  Lady  Johanna  Beaufort,  in  1518,  the  manor  was  leased 
by  the  Crown  to  Robert  Sewey  :  and  May  13th,  7th  Henry  8th,  in  considera- 
tion of  surrender  of  annuity  of  iioo,  a  grant  in  survivorship  was  made  to 
Sir  William  Fitzwilliam,  Mabel,  his  wife,  and  their  eldest  son.  Lastly, 
Henry  VIII,  for  £_>id,  granted  to  William  Thomas  the  Manor  of  Beddon, 
late  parcel  of  the  possessions  of  tin-  Countesse  of  Somerset."  In  1562  the 
Manors  of  Beedon  and  Stanmore  with  the  advowson  were  the  property  of 
Anne,  widow  of  Thomas  Reade  of  Barton  Court,  ami  this  is  the  earliest 
mention  of  Beedon  as  an  estate  of  the  Reade  family.  It  was  aliened  by 
Sir  John  Chandos  Reade,  seventh  Baronet,  third  creation,  in  1S57,  to  Lord 

Both  Barton  and  Beedon  were  evidently  in  ruin-  in  [663,  when  the  King 
granted  to  Sir  Compton  Reade,  High  Sheriff  of  Berks,  the  privilege  of 
residing  out  of  the  county,  "he  having  no  lit  residence  in  it."  Beedon,  lying 
near  Newbury,  the  scene  of  two  battles  during  the  Civil  War,  and  being 
the  home  of  a  "malignant  cavalier."  was  utterly  demolished.  Sir  Compton, 
late  in  life,  erected  the  present  manor  house  on  the  site  of  Alice  De  Lisle's 
ancient  mansion. 


In  describing  the  ruins  of  Barton  Court  as  they  appeared  at  the  time  of 
his  visit  to  the  ancient  seat  of  his  ancestors  in  1877,  General  Meredith  Read 
said : 

After  the  battle  of  Cropedy  Bridge,  which  was  fought  on  the  29th  June, 
1644,  and  in  which  Charles  I  was  victorious,  a  force  of  Cromwellians 
advanced  from  Abingdon  and  attacked  Barton  Court,  which  was  vigorously 
defended  by  Compton  Read  and  Edward,  his  brother,  and  their  grand  uncle, 

Ruins  of  Barton  Court. 


Richard  Read  (then  sixty-five  years  old),  and  their  various  retainers.  The 
storming  party  only  gained  access  by  means  of  the  torch,  and  the  once 
stately  pile  was  reduced  to  a  heap  of  smouldering  ruins.  Richard  Read  died 
before  the  Restoration,  but  his  nephew,  Compton,  was  one  of  the  first 
Baronets  created  after  the  accession  of  Charles  II,  and  he  owed  his  title  to 
his  services  in  the  royal  cause,  and  especially  to  the  loss  which  had  over- 
taken the  family  in  striving  to  stay  the  advance  of  the  forces  of  the 

A  gaunt  mass  of  masonry  in  disjointed  outlines  still  keeps  watch  and 
ward  on  the  spot,  in  spite  of  the  fierce  attempts  of  a  herculean  vine,  which 
has  wrapt  it  in  its  undermining  embraces. 

The  upper  portions  have  fallen,  but  there  still  remain  traces  of  three 
stories,  with  accompanying  fireplaces  and  chimneys.  The  third  floor  has  a 
wide  chimney  place,  with  sculptured  marble.  A  small  tower  is  there  also, 
with  embrasures.     The  origin  of  the  building  was  of  the  greatest  antiquity. 

Ruins  of  Barton  Court. 

It  was  built  of  stone,  and,  in  historical  times,  was  lined  with  brick  and 
cement.  It  belonged  originally  to  the  Abbey  of  Abingdon,  which  was 
founded  in  the  eighth  century. 

In  his  "  Record  of  the  Redes,"  the  Rev.  Compton  Reade,  thus  describes  the 
destruction  of  Barton  Court: 

The  date  of  the  defence  of  Barton  Court  is  not  as  yet  established.  Mr. 
John  Edmund  Reade  fixed  it  at  after  the  siege  of  Worcester.  In  the  Gentle- 
man's Magazine  for  August,  1897,  is  an  account  of  the  attempt  on  Abingdon 
made  by  Prince  Rupert,  in  March,  1646.  The  elaborate  plan  of  attack  has 
been  preserved  in  the  Rupert  Papers,  Civil  War  Tracts.  In  this  plan  no 
mention  is  made  of  Barton  House,  or  palace ;  but  in  a  letter  included  in  the 
Civil  War  Tracts,  from  "Colonel  Payne  to  General  Browne,  it  is  stated  that 
"  the  enemy  came  between  Thrupp  and  Norcot  to  Barton  House,  where 
they  kept  covert  till  daylight,  and  lay  till  after  the  Ravalue  (reveille^  was 
beaten,"  etc.  In  a  letter  in  the  Tanner  MSS.,  the  writer  says :  "  The  enemy 
about  six  o'clock  this  morning,  as  soon  as  the  Ravaley  had  beat,  appeared 


Rossi  a  11  a. 

in  a  full  body,  both  horse  and  foot,  from  Barton  House,  where  it  is  con- 
ceived they  had  long  before  lodged,"  thus  showing  that  Barton  was  made 
the  pivot  of  a  venture  which  ended  in  failure.  Shortly  after,  the  newspapers 
on  the  Parliament  side  stated  that  General  Browne,  after  demanding  sup- 
plies for  the  reduction  of  the  enemy's  garrisons,  adjacent  to  Abingdon,  "  hath 
a  design  to  smoke  them  out."  This  design  was  carried  into  execution. 
After  playing  on  the  massive  walls  of  the  old  Abbot's  Palace,  and  in  such 
wise  that  cannon  balls  were  extracted  from  the  masonry  as  late  as  forty 
years  ago,  fire  was  employed  to  effect  an  entrance,  and  evidences  thereof 
"are  still  conspicuous  in  the  ruins.*  Afterward  there  must  have  been  a 
sharp  contest,  for  the  timbers  of  the  present  Barton  Farm  house,  which  was 
constructed  from  the  debris  of  the  old  structure,  show  marks  of  bullets. 

ki  i  ns  of   Barton    Ci  11  ki. 

It  was  for  this  service  especially  that  Sir  Compton  Reade  headed  the  list 
of  gentlemen  of  Berks  when  the  order  of  the  Royal  Oak  was  contemplated, 
and  was  created  Baronet.  It  should  be  added  that  Sir  Compton's  troop  of 
horse  and  gallant  defense  of  his  grandfather's  mansion  were  favorite  topics 
with  the  late  John  Reade,  of  Ipsden,  who  could  just  remember  Ids  grand- 
father, John,  who  again  was  a  schoolboy  when  Edward,  Sir  Compton's 
brother,  and  his  grandfather  died.  In  1646,  Sir  Compton,  although  he  had 
served  three  years  during  the  Civil  War.  was  a  few  months  under  age, 
and  therefore  the  omission  of  the  name  of  one  so  junior  is  hardly  a  matter 
of  surprise.  That  his  services  were  appraised  at  their  true  value  the  rewards 
assigned   him   at    the    Restoration    amply   demonstrated. 

*The    late    General    Meredith    Read    possessed    one    of    these    cannon    balls,    Sir    John 
Chandos   Reade  another,   and   the  late   Mr.    Trendell,   Mayor   of  Abingdon,   a   third. 

General  Meredith  Read's  Visit  to  Barton  Court.  239 


In  view  of  the  interest  taken  by  all  the  Read  family  in  the  ancient  Manor 
of  Barton  Court,  the  cradle,  if  not  the  birthplace,  of  the  race,  I  have  inserted 
General  Meredith  Read's  description,  never  published  before.  Barton  Court 
was  visited  by  myself  and  Mrs.  Read  a  few  years  ago,  and  its  very  courteous 
proprietor  received  us  with  great  politeness.  It  is  now  a  gentleman's  seat; 
the  farm  house  has  been  enlarged  and  beautified,  and  the  estate  has  returned 
to  its  historic  name  of  Barton  Court. 

H.  P.  R. 

General  Meredith  Read's  Visit  to  Barton  Court,  Berks,  September,  1877. 

Barton  Court,  one  of  the  ancient  seats  of  my  ancestors,  is  now  represented 
by  Barton  Abbey  Farm,  and  an  ancient  dwelling  which  originally  formed 
a  part  of  the  outlying  buildings  and  offices  of  the  old  chateau. 

During  my  visit  there,  on  the  3d  of  September,  1S77,  I  made  the  following 
notes : 

In  the  sitting-room  there  is  an  ancient  French  print  —  now,  1888,  in  my 
possession  — engraved  by  P.  Drevet,  from  the  picture  by  Hyacinthe  Rigaud. 

It  bears  the  title:  Et  Verbum  Caro  factum  est,  et  habitavit  in  nobis; 
(i.  e.)  Le  Verbe  s'est  fait  Chair,  et  il  a  habite  parmi  nous.  A  Paris  chez 
P.  Drevet  rue  St.  Jacques,  a  l'Annonciation  avec  privil.  du  Roy.  H.  Rigaud, 
pinx.     Drevet,  excu. 

Hyacinthe  Rigaud,  who,  with  Nicolas  de  Largilliere,  painted  the  portraits 
of  many  of  the  distinguished  men  and  women  of  their  day,  was  born  in 
1659,  and  died  in  1743.  Although  Rigaud's  attention  was  almost  exclusively 
devoted  to  portraiture  in  his  early  life,  he  carried  away,  in  1682,  the  first 
prize  offered  by  the  Academy  with  his  picture  "  Cain  Building  the  City  of 
Enoch,"  and  in  1684  he  was  received  by  the  Academy,  as  historical  painter, 
upon  his  merely  showing  a  crucifixion  which  was  not  yet  finished ;  and  his 
Martyrdom  of  St.  Andrew,  now  in  the  Louvre,  confirmed  his  reputation. 

His  pictures  were  wonderfully  engraved  by  those  great  masters  of  the 
Burin,  the  two  Pierres  Drevet  —  father  and  son. 

The  former  was  born  in  1664,  and  died  at  Paris  in  1739. 

The  father  was  the  author  of  this  engraving. 

Mr.  Ambroise  Firmin-Didot,  Member  of  the  Academy  of  Inscriptions  and 
Belles-Lettres,  published  a  Catalogue  Raisonne  of  plates  executed  by  the 
members  of  the  Drevet  family,  and  this  valuable  work  contains  an  exact 
description  of  the  Barton  Court  print. 

Several  finely  illuminated  volumes  in  my  library,  with  dedicatory  auto- 
graphs, embalm  the  friendship  which  existed  between  myself  and  M.  Firmin- 
Didot —  who  personally  illustrated  the  best  traditions  of  a  house,  which  has 
practically  adorned  French  literature  in  its  several  generations,  for  nearly  a 
century  and  a  half. 

The  above  rare  engraving  is  preserved  in  an  ancient  black  frame,  with  a 
massive  inside  of  sculptured  gilt  mat.  It  was  executed  by  Pierre  Drevet 
in  1691,  and  hung  in  the  offices  of  Barton  Court  in  the  time  of  Sir  Thomas 
Read,  Bart.,  who   succeeded  his  father,  Sir  Edward,  in   169 1  ;  was  one  of  the 

240  Rossiana. 

gentlemen  of  the  bedchamber  to  George  I,  one  of  the  clerks  of  the  house- 
hold to  George  II,  and  M.  P.  for  Cricklade,  county  Wilts.  He  married 
Jane,  daughter  of  Sir  Ralph  Du'tton,  Bart,  of  Sherburne,  county  Gloucester, 
and  died  in  1756  without  issue. 

Another  print  hanging  on  the  walls  of  the  sitting-room  is  entitled: 
'Coming  of  Age  in  the  Olden  Time,"  and  the  castle  represented  therein 
resembles  the  outlines  of  Barton  Court  in  the  days  when  my  ancestors 
dwelt  there,  before  the  civil  wars  had  destroyed  its  fine  proportions. 

In  the  parlor  is  a  coloured  print :  "  Snow-balling  on  Christmas  Eve." 

In  the  room  over  the  parlor  there  are  two  curious  openings  through 
which  cross-bowmen  once  shot. 

All  the  upper  rooms  are  more  or  less  deserted,  and  are  mottled  with  large 
shot  holes,  through  which  cooing  doves  go  in  and  out. 

There  is  a  haunted  room  which  has  been  uninhabited  from  time  imme- 
morial. Through  its  dilapidated  windows  on  certain  nights  in  the  year  steel- 
clad  warriors  pass  and  repass  in  ghostly  procession.  The  end  of  the  main 
hall  is  approached  by  four  or  five  steps,  and  under  this  raised  portion  of 
the  hall  strange  noises  have  been  heard  from  time  to  time.  I  asked  the 
fanner  why  he  did  not  investigate  the  cause  of  these  disturbances.  He 
replied  that  he  could  not  do  so  without  dismantling  the  place,  to  which  his 
landlord  would  naturally  object.  A  tradition  has  always  existed  in  our 
family  that  a  secret  passage  ran  from  this  point  under  the  river  Thames 
to  the  little  Abbey  church  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  river. 

It  had  been  raining;  and,  as  I  stepped  outside  of  the  door,  I  noticed  a 
slight  cavity  and  falling  in  of  the  earth  near  the  wall  of  the  house,  and. 
procuring  a  long  pole  I  thrust  it  down  a  distance  of  seven  or  eight  feet. 
My  curiosity  was  naturally  greatly  excited,  and  I  asked  the  farmer  if  it 
would  not  be  possible  to  have  a  hole  dug  there  to  ascertain  whether  this 
was  a  part  of  the  secret  passage.  He  made  the  same  reply  which  he  had 
previously  made  in  regard  to  the  hall. 

Barton  Abbey  farm  now,  1877,  belongs  to  Sir  George  Bowyer,  Bart.  It 
is  occupied  by  Mrs.  Powell,  the  widow  of  Mr.  Walter  J.  Powell,  the  great 
maltster  and  corn  dealer  at  Abingdon.  Samuel  Cornish  is  the  farmer. 
In  connection  with  it  there  is  a  Cundic  farm,  with  barns  and  shepherd's 
house  and  500  sheep. 

Barton  Court  is  on  the  west  bank  of  the  Thames,  a  short  distance  north 
of  Abingdon.  The  locks  are  opposite  to  it.  The  river  roars  and  overflows 
its  banks  in  winter.  Nuneham  Park,  the  seat  of  the  Harcourt  family,  is  in 
sight  to  the  east  and  about  a  mile  away. 

The  Abbey  of  Abingdon  possessed  certain  proprietary  rights  in  the 
Manor  of  Beedon,  which  afterwards  passed  to  the  Read  family,  and  it  is 
probable  that  this  association  with  the  Abbey,  and  the  subsequent  intimacy 
which  existed  between  William  Read  and  John  Awdlett,  the  treasurer  of  the 
Abbey  of  Abingdon,  led  to  the  acquisition  of  Barton  Court  and  its 

The  early  wills  of  the  family  show  that  the  stables  of  Barton  Court 
in  ancient  times  were  filled  with  renowned  stock,  and  to-day  there  are  to 
be  seen  there  some  fine  cattle,  among  them  a  pedigree  bull,  whose  brother, 

General  Meredith  Read's  Visit  to  Barton  Court.  241 

the  "  Oxford  Butterfly,"  brought  two  thousand  guineas.  Nearby  is  the 
pond,  with  ducks,  and  the  great  brew-house,  with  its  huge  chimney  place. 
The  ancient  pigeon-house  is  filled  with  cooing  tenants,  who  flutter  in  curving 
lines    before   this    inscription: 

T.  R.  and  M.  R.  1600. 

The  first  two  letters  are  the  initials  of  Thomas  Read,  high  sheriff  of 
Berks  in  1598,  who  was  knighted  by  his  kinswoman  Queen  Elizabeth  in  the 
following  year,  and  died  at  Barton  in  1604.  He  was  the  father  of  Sir 
Thomas  Read,  who  was  likewise  sheriff  of  Berks,  and  acquired  Brockett 
Hall  through  his  wife;  of  John  Read,  who  died  young,  and  of  Richard 
Read,  born  at  Barton  in  1579,  and  who  defended  it,  as  above  mentioned,  in 
1644,  and  marrying  a  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander  Cave,  by  his  wife,  Anne, 
daughter  of  Sir  John  Brockett,  by  the  latter's  wife,  Ellen  Lytton,  of  Kneb- 
worth,  died  at  Dunstew  in  1659,  aged  eighty,  leaving  at  least  two  sons, 
Alexander  and  Charles. 

The  letters  M.  R.  represent  the  first  above-mentioned  Thomas  Read's 
wife,  Mary  Read,  daughter  of  George  Stonhouse,  Esquire,  Lord  of  the 
Manor  of  Little  Peckham,  a  high  official  in  the  court  of  Queen  Elizabeth, 
and  the  ancestor  of  the  baronets  of  that  name. 

It  has  been  proposed  to  endeavor  to  procure  a  piece  of  land  nearby  the 
ruins  upon  which  the  English  and  American  branches  may  erect  a  monu- 
ment to  the  memory  of  their  common  ancestors.  Charles  Reade  has  warmly 
taken  up  the  matter,  and  it  is  intimated  that  Lady  North  would  be  glad  to 
contribute  to  this  worthy  object. 

I  have  had  several  interviews  with  my  friend  Sir  George  Bowyer,  who 
has  received  my  suggestions  with  generous  interest,  but  I  am  informed  by 
his  agent  at  Abingdon,  Mr.  Babcock,  that  there  are  certain  difficulties  in 
the  way  of  entirely  meeting  my  wishes.  I  desire  to  purchase  outright  a 
small  plot  of  ground.  Sir  George  is  unwilling  to  sell  the  freehold,  but  offers 
to  give  a  site  for  the  monument1  and  to  agree  that  it  shall  not  be  disturbed 
by  him  or  his  successors.  His  unwillingness  to  part  with  the  freehold  of 
even  a  very  minute  portion  of  the  Manor  arises  from  the  fact  that  it  is 
being  laid  out  into  streets  and  villa  lots,  the  intention  being  to  lease  and 
not  to  sell  the  latter.  Under  the  circumstances,  without  intending  to  pun, 
I  fear  the  whole  project  will  fall  to  the  ground. 

In  speaking  of  the  antiquity  of  Barton  Court,  it  is  interesting  to  note  that 
I  brought  away  from  its  ruins  a  stone  finial,  with  primitive  carvings  of 
foliage,  which  may  be  referred  to  the  twelfth  century;  also  the  base  of  a 
column,  with  Decorated  moldings,  which  probably  belongs  to  the  end 
of  the  fourteenth  century. 

It  appears  that  a  garrison  was  established  at  Abingdon  by  Charles  I,  and 
that  it  became  the  headquarters  of  his  horse.  The  whole  royal  family  also 
came  thither  as  early  as  the  17th  April,  1644,  and  often  enjoyed  the  hos- 
pitalities of  Barton  Court. 

'The   monument   was  never   erected. 

242  Rossiana. 

In  May  of  the  same  year  a  council  of  war  was  held  at  Abingdon,  soon 
after  which  the  garrison  quitted  the  place  on  the  approach  of  the  Earl  of 
Essex,  who  plundered  the  town  and  fortified  it  for  the  Parliament. 

It  was  at  this  time  that  the  Reads  of  Barton  Court  made  their  valiant 
defense,  and  the  destruction  of  their  seat  was  completed  by  the  contest 
which  ensued  between  Prince  Rupert  and  the  Parliamentary  forces. 

J.  M.  R. 

Abingdon,  county  of  Berks,  near  which  is  located  Barton  Court,  the 
ancient  home  of  the  Reads,  is  a  municipal  borough  on  the  right  bank  of 
the  Thames,  at  its  confluence  with  the  Ock,  56  miles  from  London  by  road, 
10324  by  the  river  and  59  by  the  Great  Western  railway,  with  which  it  is 
connected  by  a  short  line  which  joins  the  main  Oxford  line  at  Radley 
station,  in  the  northern  division  of  the  county,  hundred  of-Hormer,  rural 
deanery  of  Abingdon,  archdeaconry  of  Berks  and  diocese  of  Oxford. 

The  name  Abingdon  is  derived  in  legendary  history  from  Aben,  a  noble 
hermit,  who  is  said  to  have  built  on  this  site  a  dwelling  house  and  a  chapel 
in  honor  of  the  Holy  Virgin.  According  to  other  writers  the  town  was 
originally  called  Seovechesham  or  Seusham,  and  some  identify  it  with 
Cloveshoe,  a  place  famous  in  the  annals  of  English  church  councils,  but  it 
no  doubt  owes  both  its  name  and  historical  importance  to  its  abbey,  formerly 
one  of  the  wealthiest  mitred  abbeys  in  England. 

Seovechesham  was  at  a  very  early  period  a  royal  residence,  but  was 
subsequently  deserted  by  the  Saxon  kings,  until  Offa,  king  of  the  Mercians 
and  West  Saxons,  while  accidentally  visiting  the  spot,  was  so  charmed  with 
the  beauty  of  the  Isle  of  Andersley,  a  district  lying  southwest  of  the  town, 
and  between  the  monastery  and  St.  Helen's  Church,  that  he  prevailed  on 
the  monks  to  exchange  it  for  the  manor  of  Goosey,  and  built  for  himself 
en  the  island  a  royal  residence,  which  was  there  maintained  until  Kenwulf, 
his  successor,  resold  Andersey  to  Abbot  Uthemus  for  the  manor  of  Sutton 
and  £120  in  silver;  at  this  palace  his  son  Egfrid  died  in  793:  the  site  called 
in  Leland's  tune  "  The  Castle  of  the  Rhe,"  is  now  indicated  by  a  large  tract 
of  land  encircled  by  the  Thames  and  a  tributary  inlet.  William  the  Con- 
queror, in  1084,  kept  his  Easter  at  Abingdon,  being  splendidly  entertained 
by  his  powerful  adherent,  Robert  D'Oyley,  to  whose  charge  he  entrusted  his 
youngest  son,  afterwards  Henry  I.  while  receiving  his  education  at  this 
abbey.  During  the  civil  war  Abingdon  was  garrisoned  for  the  king,  who, 
on  17th  April,  1644,  arrived  here  with  the  queen  and  attended  by  Prince 
Rupert  and  the  Duke  of  York,  and  after  holding  a  council  of  war,  returned 
to  Oxford;  on  the  following  day,  May  25th,  the  Royalist  general  deserted 
the  town,  and  the  Earl  of  Essex,  arriving  with  his  troops,  plundered  it, 
and  placed  there  a  Parliamentary  garrison,  under  the  command  of  General 
Browne ;  on  the  31st  of  May,  a  new  Parliamentary  force  under  General 
Waller,  which  had  been  quartered  at  Wantage,  entered  the  town  and 
demolished  the  beautiful  cross  which  then  stood  in  the  market  place;  various 
attempts  were  made  by  the  king's  party  during  the  years  1644-6  to  recover 
the  town,  but  in  the  main  with  little  success,  although  in  1646  Prince  Rupert 
gained  possession  of  the  abbey  buildings,  and  it  eventually  remained  in  the 

Ancient  Abingdon.  243 

hands  of  the  Parliament.  Abingdon  increased  much,  both  in  population  and 
wealth,  by  the  building  of  Burford  or  Borford  bridge,  a  structure  of  seven 
arches,  near  the  town,  and  of  another  bridge  at  Culhamford,  about  half  a 
mile  east  of  it,  the  erection  of  which  has  been  attributed  by  some  to  Henry  V., 
who,  however,  only  granted  his  license  and  protection ;  of  these  works,  begun 
in  1416  John  Houchons  and  John  Banbury  were  zealous  promoters ;  and 
among  the  chief  of  those  who  contributed  to  the  building  and  preservation 
of  the  bridges  and  intermediate  road  were  Sir  Peter  Besils,  of  Besilsleigh ; 
Geoffrey  Barbour,  a  merchant,  and  William  Hales  and  Maud  his  wife,  who, 
in  1453,  added  three  arches  to  Burford  bridge.  The  town  is  connected  by 
Culhamford  bridge  with  the  parish  of  Culham,  in  Oxfordshire;  and  a  high 
and  broad  causeway,  constructed  in  the  15th  century  by  the  munificence  of 
Geoffrey  Barbour,  unites  the  two  bridges.  The  town  consists  of  a  spacious 
Market  place  at  the  east  end,  from  which  several  streets  diverge  to  the 
north,  south  and  west;  the  chief  of  these,  High  street,  was  formerly  much 
contracted,  but  has  been  widened  at  its  western  extremity,  where  it  gives 
off  tributary  streets  to  the  right  and  left  and  then  expands  into  a  smaller 
square,  from  which  the  wide  thoroughfare,  called  Ock  street,  extends  to 
the  western  limit  of  the  borough.  Abingdon  at  an  early  period  of  its 
history  possessed  a  Bendictine  abbey  of  great  wealth  and  high  distinction, 
whose  mitred  abbot  was  summoned  with  the  barons  to  parliament.  Cissa, 
father  of  King  Ina,  whose  rule  extended  over  Wiltshire  and  a  large  part 
of  Berkshire,  is  said  to  have  founded  it  (a.  d.  675),  on  a  site  described 
in  the  abbey  chronicle  as  a  "  table  land  surmounting  a  rising  ground  of 
delightful  aspect,  in  a  retired  spot,  inclosed  within  two  most  pleasant 
streams."  About  a.  d.  866-71,  the  Danes  overran  the  country,  and  coming 
to  Abingdon,  destroyed  the  monastery,  leaving  only  the  bare  walls ;  but 
on  their  extermination  by  Alfred,  it  was  rebuilt,  and  subsequently,  between 
a.  D.  946-55.  reconstructed  under  King  Edred.  On  the  arrival  in  England 
of  William  the  Conqueror  (a.  d.  1066)  Abbot  Aldred  took  the  oath  of 
allegiance  to  him,  but  was  displaced,  and  the  abbacy  bestowed  upon  Ethel- 
helm,  a  Norman :  at  the  general  dissolution  of  the  monasteries  the  abbey 
was  surrendered  to  the  king  by  the  abbott,  Thomas  Rowland,  B.  D.,  some- 
times written  and  called  "  Rowland  Penticost."  The  existing  remains  com- 
prise the  Perpendicular  gatehouse,  a  vaulted  structure,  adjacent  to  the  church 
of  St.  Nicholas,  with  central  and  side  arches,  and  rooms  above  occupied 
by  the  Corporation,  and  some  other  buildings  situated  eastward  of  it,  on  the 
backwater  of  the  Thames,  now  occupied  as  a  brewery,  but  readily  accessible, 
and  principally  consisting  of  a  long  building,  with  walls  of  great  thickness 
and  massive  buttresses,  at  one  end  of  which  a  flight  of  wooden  steps,  with 
a  time-worn  balustrade,  gives  access  to  several  apartments  with  lofty  open- 
timbered  roofs,  and  connected  by  a  corridor  running  along  the  north  side ; 
the  room  at  the  west  end  contains  a  fine  Early  English  fireplace,  with  grace- 
ful shafts  and  foliated  capitals ;  and  the  doorway  is  flanked  on  either  side 
by  good  traceried  windows ;  underneath  is  a  spacious  vaulted  crypt,  now 
used  for  storing  ale.  Henry  I.  (Beauclerc)  was  a  student  here,  and 
Egelwyn,  bishop  of  Durham  (1056-71),  died  while  imprisoned  in  the  abbey 
in   1071. 

244  Rossi  a  no. 

St.  Helen's  church,  situated  close  to  the  river,  southwest  of  the  town, 
is  a  spacious  edifice,  chiefly  in  the  Perpendicular  style,  consisting  of  five 
parallel  aisles  of  unequal  length  and  breadth,  named  as  follows,  beginning 
from  the  north  —  Jesus  aisle,  Our  Lady's  aisle,  St.  Helen's  aisle,  St.  Cath- 
arine's aisle  and  the  Holy  Cross  aisle;  a  tower  and  spire  on  the  northeast, 
with  a  porch  in  the  lower  stage,  vestry  on  the  southeast,  and  a  small  chapel 
or  chantry  west  of  the  tower :  the  church  was  completely  restored  in  1S73, 
when  the  high  pews  and  cumbrous  galleries  were  removed,  the  nave  and 
chancel  roof  renewed  in  open  timber  work  and  considerably  heightened. 
The  north  aisle  has  a  timber  ceiling,  richly  painted  with  figures  of  kings, 
prophets  and  saints,  given  by  Nicholas  Gold,  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
fraternity  of  the  Holy  Cross;  the  south  aisles,  one  of  which  was  built  in 
1539-  for  the  use  of  a  guild,  are  rather  later,  but  of  the  same  character, 
as  is  the  south  porch,  which  has  a  good  doorway  and  canopied  niche,  recently 
filled  with  a  figure  of  St.  Catharine,  the  buttresses  being  surmounted  with 
figures  of  St.  Dunstan  and  St.  TThelwold  ;  the  tower  is  Early  English,  and 
has  a  plain  parapet  with  crocheted  angle  turrets,  from  within  which  flying- 
buttresses  support  a  tall  octagonal  spire ;  it  contains  a  peal  of  10  bells, 
remarkable  for  their  exceeding  sweetness  of  tone  and  a  clock;  the  restora- 
tion of  the  tower  and  spire  was  completed  on  May  1st,  1886.  At  the  east 
end  of  the  south  aisle  is  a  portrait,  on  panel,  of  Mr.  William  Lee,  five 
times  mayor  of  Abingdon,  who  died  in  1037,  aged  92;  accompanying  the 
portrait  is  a  genealogical  chart,  and  an  inscription,  stating  that  he  had  in 
his  lifetime  issue  from  his  loins  two  hundred,  lacking  but  three.  In  1644-5, 
the  parliamentary  army,  under  General  Waller,  while  quartered  here,  used 
the  north  aisle  as  a  stable. 

The  church  of  St.  Nicholas,  situated  on  the  north  side  of  the  Market 
place,  adjoining  the  abbey  gateway,  was  built,  according  to  Dugdale,  by 
Nicholas  de  Coleham  or  Culham,  prior,  and  afterwards  abbot,  of  Abingdon, 
liet  ween  the  years  1289  and  1307,  although  portions  of  the  west  front  seem 
to  indicate  an  earlier  origin,  perhaps  during  the  period  1200-20;  traces  of 
the  triple  lancet  window,  which  originally  lighted  the  west  front,  are  still 
visible,  as  well  as  ^i  other  similar  windows  in  the  north  wall;  and  it  may 
therefore  be  concluded  that  the  building  existed  at  least  60  years  before 
the  abbacy  of  de  Coleham.  The  church  is  a  small  structure,  consisting  only 
of  chancel  and  nave,  a  small  chantry,  organ  chamber  and  vestry  on  the  north 
and  an  embattled  western  tower,  containing  6  bells,  cast  in  October,  1741. 
The  tower  is  built  partly  upon  the  west  wall,  and  is  otherwise  supported 
from  within  the  church  by  two  stone  piers  or  legs,  standing  clear  of  the  walls 
attached  to  it;  on  the  north  side  is  a  minstrels  gallery  and  a  singular  square 
stair  turret,  with  a  gabled  roof  and  a  small  triangular  window;  the  west 
doorway,  with  its  lateral  arcading,  is  a  good  example  of  late  Norman  work. 
but  the  rest  of  the  church  as  now  existing  is  chiefly  Perpendicular.  During 
the  year  i88r  the  church  underwent  a  thorough  restoration  at  the  hands  of 
Mr.  Edwin  Dolby,  architect,  of  Abingdon,  in  course  of  which  the  nave  roof 
was  entirely  renewed  in  English  oak,  and  a  panelled  and  embattled  parapet, 
with  numerous  carved  shields,  was  imposed  upon  the  north  wall;  the  floor 
was   also  relaid  with   small  blocks,  tiles  and   disturbed  gravestones;   the  old 

Ancient  Abingdon.  245 

pulpit  refixed  and  the  chancel  and  nave  refitted  in  oak;  the  heraldic  glass, 
with  which  the  east  and  other  windows  were  previously  filled,  including  a 
shield  of  arms  of  Richard  Plantagenet,  Duke  of  York,  was  wholly  removed 
and  sold;  some  may  still  be  seen  in  the  windows  of  Barton  Farm,  and  other 
portions  are  at  the  Abbey  House,  the  residence  of  E.  J.  Trendell,  Esq.,  who 
has  refilled  the  east  window  with  Bristol  glass;  and  one  lancet  window  has 
also  been  renewed  in  memory  of  Henry  Yeates,  of  Abingdon. 

Abingdon,  in  addition  to  these  two  churches,  contains  the  Church  of  St. 
Michael,  an  ease  to  St.  Helen's;  a  Roman  Catholic  church,  dedicated  to 
St.  Mary  and  St.  Edmund  of  Canterbury ;  Trinity  Wesleyan  church,  a  Bap- 
tist  chapel,   a   Congregational   church,   and   a    Primitive    Methodist   chapel. 

The  streets,  which  are  well  paved,  converge  to  a  spacious  area,  in  which 
the  market  is  held.  In  the  center  of  this  area  stands  the  market-house, 
supported  on  lofty  pillars,  with  a  large  hall  above,  appropriated  to  the  sum- 
mer Assizes  for  the  county,  and  the  transaction  of  other  public  business. 
In  the  beginning  of  the  last  century  Abingdon  manufactured  much  sail- 
cloth and  sacking;  but  its  chief  trade  now  is  in  corn  and  malt,  carpets  and 
coarse  linen.  It  sends  one  member  to  Parliament,  and  is  governed  by  a 
mayor,  four  aldermen  and  twelve  councilors.  Its  population  in  1871  was 


THE   handsome   country   seat,   known   as    Shipton    Court,    was,    for    over 
two    hundred    years,    owned    by    the    Reades    of    the    Shipton    line    of 
Reade  baronets,   and   passed   from  the   family  about    forty   years   ago. 
Shipton  Court  was  purchased,  November  17,  1663,  by  Sir  Compton  Reade, 
first  Baronet,  from  Rowland  Lacy   (afterward  Sir  Rowland  Lacy),  by  whose 
grandfather  it   had  been   built      The  demesne  adjoined   Sir   Compton's   lands 
in   Fullbrook   and   Taynton,   styled   in   the   settlement    of   Sir   Thomas   Reade. 

Shipton  Court. 

fourth  Baronet,  "  the  ancient  inheritance."  It  is  said  that  the  estate  was 
purchased  with  money  given  Sir  Compton  for  the  purpose  by  King  Charles  II. 
Shipton  Court  was  devised  by  Sir  John  Chandos  Reade,  seventh  Baronet, 
who  died  without  descendants,  in  1868,  to  Joseph  Wakefield,  a  family  servant, 
upon  the  latter's  assuming  the  surname  of  Reade,  thus  removing  the  estate 
from  the  family  where  it  should  have  remained.  It  is  related  that  Sir  John 
Chandos  Read,  being  very  fond  of  boxing,  usually  about  once  a  week,  after 
a  late  dinner,  called  in  one  of  his  young  footmen  who  was  a  good  boxer 

Shipton  Court.  247 

and  indulged  in  a  round  or  two.  One  night,  as  he  was  thus  engaged  in  the 
upper  hall,  he  struck  the  footman  a  hard  blow,  but  without  intent  to  injure 
him,  and  the  unfortunate  servant  rolled  down  the  stairs.  When  picked  up 
by  Wakefield  he  was  dead,  and  as  Wakefield  was  the  only  witness  who  could 
defend  Sir  John  from  the  charge  of  murder,  it  is  said  that  he  gained  unusual 
influence  over  him.  He  became  his  master's  butler,  and  finally  came  into 
the  splendid  estate.  The  title,  however,  could  not  be  devised,  and  descended 
to  Sir  John's  great-nephew,  Sir  Chandos  Stanhope  Hoskyns  Reade,  eighth 
Baronet.  After  the  latter's  death  in  1890,  without  male  issue.  Sir  George 
Compton  Reade  became  ninth  Baronet.  The  latter  married  Melissa,  daugh- 
ter of  Isaac  Ray,  Esq.,  of  Michigan,  whose  son,  George  Reade,  is  the  present 
heir  apparent. 

Shipton  Court  passed  to  Joseph  Wakefield's  son,  from  whom  it  passed 
to  the  present  owner,  Mr.  Pepper,  who  has  thoroughly  repaired  and  modern- 
ized the  interior  of  the  ancient  structure. 


Sir  Compton  Reade,  as  stated  herein,  purchased  the  estate  of  Shipton 
Court  from  Sir  Rowland  Lacy  in  1663.  Lady  Lacy,  it  is  said,  was  a  great 
friend  of  King  Charles  II,  and.  at  the  restoration  of  that  monarch,  was  one 
of  those  influential  women  at  court  who  pushed  the  claims  of  Compton 
Reade.  Tradition  has  it  that  the  King,  at  the  time  Compton  Reade  was 
raised  to  the  baronetcy,  gave  him  a  large  fortune  to  make  up  to  him  the 
destruction  of  Barton  Court,  so  gallantly  defended  in  the  King's  interest 
by  Compton  and  Richard  Reade*  and  other  relatives,  the  condition  being 
that  he  (Compton)  should  purchase  Shipton  Court  from  Lady  Lacy's  hus- 
band, Sir  Rowland,  at  that  time  in  sore  need  of  money. 

Many  years  went  by,  so  the  story  goes,  but  Lady  Lacy  could  never  recon- 
cile herself  to  the  loss  of  beautiful  Shipton  Court.  A  month  after  her 
death  her  ghost  was  said  to  have  been  seen  walking  along  her  favorite  path, 
in  the  moonlight,  by  the  gamekeeper.  A  few  days  later  one  of  the  Reade 
family  came  across  the  ghost  in  the  park,  but  as  a  young  woman  whom  he 
recognized  by  her  resemblance  to  a  portrait  of  her  hanging  in  the  hall  at 
the  Court,  painted  a  year  before  the  property  had  been  sold. 

The  ghost  of  Lady  Lacy  is  said  to  still  haunt  her  favorite  walk,  now 
known  as  the  "  Ghost's  Walk."  She  is  described  as  a  young  and  beautiful 
woman,  with  a  remarkably  full  and  beautiful  bust,  in  a  low-neck  gown  of 
the  time  of  Charles  II,  and  a  blue  mantle  thrown  over  her  shoulders,  while 
a  great  sadness  shines  in  her  eyes.  She  walks  slowly  in  the  moonlight,  and 
after  an  hour  is  seen  no  more  the  same  night. 

A  few  years  ago  some  of  the  old  men  and  old  women  at  Shipton-under- 
Wychwood,  stated  that  they  had  seen  "  her  ladyship,"  and  the  story  goes 
that  when  the  late  Sir  John  Chandos  Reade  died  and  left  all  his  estate  to 
his  butler  that  the  ghost  was  heard  for  the  first  time,  loudly  wailing  as  if  in 
great  trouble.  Old  servants'  talk  gives  as  the  reason  why  Joseph  [Wake- 
field]  Reade,  the  ex-butler,  built  the  new  house  and  never  would  live  at  the 

*  Richard   spelled   his   name   Read. 

248  Rossiana. 

Court  was  because  every  night  the  ghost  would  come  to  him  and  torment 

Another  later  story  of  another  ghost  at  Shipton  Court  describes  noises 
like  a  person  walking  about  in  the  room  where  Sir  John  Reade  died,  fol- 
lowed by  a  noise  in  the  hall  as  of  a  struggle,  and  then  a  heavy  thud  on  the 

Shipton  Court  is  a  beautiful  place,  even  shorn  as  it  is  to-day  of  its 
historic  portraits  and  relics. 

The  author  has,  among  many  other  family  portraits,  those  of  Sir  Compton 
Reade  and  his  wife,  painted  by  Mrs.  Beale,  in  the  time  of  Charles  II. 
These  portraits  hung  at  Shipton  until  the  son  of  Joseph  (Wakefield)  Reade 
sold  the  place. 

The  ancient  church  is  well  worth  visiting,  and  contains  many  interesting 
monuments   to   the  baronets   and   other   members  of  the   family. 


THE  Reades  of  Barton  Court  were  unquestionably  descended  from  the 
Northumbrian  Redes,  who  were  of  Royal  origin,  through  Cairbre 
Riada,  who  was  the  son  of  Conaire,  King  of  Ireland,  and  who  estab- 
lished the  Kingdom  of  Dalriada  on  the  western  coast  of  Scotland,  of  which 
nine  sovereigns  ruled  in  succession.  The  ninth,  Reuda  (or  Riada),  whose 
Christian  name  is  said  to  have  been  JEdan,  after  his  defeat  by  Kenneth, 
settled  in  Redesdale,  where  he  founded  the  clan. 

The  early  pedigree  of  the  family  prepared  by  the  late  General  Meredith 
Read,  who  gave  much  time  and  effort  to  research,  proves  clearly  that  the 
connection  between  Rede  of  Redesdale  and  Reade  of  Barton  Court  is  beyond 
doubt.  General  Read's  deduction  of  the  early  Read  pedigree,  beginning 
with  Rede  of  Troughend,  is  as  follows: 

1.  Rede  of  Troughend,  chief  of  the  clan. 

2.  Brianus  de  Rede. 

3.  WlLLLIAM   DE   REDE. 

4.  Robert  de  Rede. 

5.  David  de  Rede. 

6.  Galfrinus  de  Rede,  whose  son  — 

7.  Thomas  de  Rede,  or  de  Redesdale,  of  Morpeth,  Northumberland,  had 
two  sons  — 

8.  Thomas  de  Rede,  ancestor  of  the  Barton  Court  line.     See  below. 

9.  John  de  Rede,  ancestor  of  the  Redes  of  the  Borstall  line.     (See 

"  Borstall  Line.") 

8.  Thomas  de  Rede,  armiger,  son  of  Thomas  of  Morpeth,  was  lord  of  sev- 
eral manors  and  a  part  of  Morpeth  in  1384;  was  born  before  1377  and  was 
living  in   1412.     He  had  three  sons  — 

10.  Sir  Thomas  Rede,  one  of  the  knights  and  gentlemen  who  accom- 

panied Henry  VI  in   1439,  when  that  king  held  his  Parliament 
at  Reading,  Berks. 

11.  William  Rede,  Mayor  of  Reading,  1453-56,  1464,  1467  and   1469, 

and  M.  P.  for  Reading,  1435,  1460,  1462  and  1472. 

12.  Edward  Rede.     See  below. 

12.  Edward  Rede,  armiger,  married  a  daughter  of  Lord  de  Lisle,  said  to 
have  been  named  Katherine,  and  was,  jure  uxoris,  Lord  of  the  Manor  of 
Beedon,  Berks;  high  sheriff  of  Berks,  1439  and  1451  ;  M.  P.  for  Berks,  1430-1 
and  1461-2,  and  for  Oxford,  1450.  He  and  his  wife  were  both  buried  at 
Beedon.     They  had  — 

13.  Edward  Rede,  armiger,  son  and  heir,  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Beedon, 
who  married  Mary  ,  and  had  — 




14.  Willliam  Rede,  or  Read  (sometimes  styled  "Sir  William  Rede, 
Knt."),  Lord  of  the  Manors  of  Beedon  and  Stanmore,  of  the  Manor  of  Barton 
Court,  in  the  Parish  of  St.  Helen's,  Abingdon,  Berks,  and  Lord  of  the  Manors 
of  Ipsden  Bassett  and  Ipsden  Huntercombe,  Oxford.  He  was  buried,  Jan.  i, 
1541-2,  in  St.  Helen's  church,  Abingdon.  He  married  Dorothy,  daughter  of 
John  Beaumont.  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Orton-on-the-Hill,  alias  Overton, 
Leicester,  who.  fighting  for  Henry  VI  in  the  Wars  of  the  Roses,  was  slain 
with  his  cousin  John.  Viscount  Beaumont,  at  the  battle  of  Northampton. 
July  19,  1460.  She  was  buried  in  St.  Helen's,  1539.  William  Rede  had  a 
son  — 

15.  Thomas  Rede,  or  Read,  Lord  of  the  Manors  of  Beedon  and  Barton 
Court,  Berks,  and  of  Dunstew,  Ipsden  Bassett  and  Ipsden  Huntercombe, 
Oxford;  high  sheriff  of  Barton;  elected  governor  of  Christ's  Hospital, 
Abingdon,  in  1553.  Buried  April  27.  1556.  in  St.  Helen's  church.  Abingdon. 
Will  dated  April  16,  1556;  proved  June  23.  1556.  Married  Anne,  daughter  of 
Sir  Thomas  Hoo,  Knt.,  of  Hoo,  Paul's  Walden,  Herts,  who  was  son  of 
Thomas  Hoo,  of  Hoo,  the  son  of  Thomas  Hoo,  of  the  same  place,  who  was 
son  of  Sir  Thomas  Hoo,  Knt..  one  of  the  heroes  of  Agincourt.  and  brother  of 
Thomas  Lord  Hoo  and  Hastings,  whose  daughter  Anne,  by  Sir  Geoft'rey 
Boleyn,  Knt..  her  first  husband,  was  great-great-granddaughter  of  Queen 
Elizabeth.  She  is  mentioned  in  her  husband's  will,  dated  April  16,  1556. 
Buried  at  St.  Helen's,  Abingdon,  Oct.  30,  1575;  will  dated  Oct.  25,  1575;  proved 
Dec.  3,  1575.     Thomas  Rede,  or  Read,  had  — 

16.  Sir  Thomas  Read,  Knt.  (by  some  authorities  called  Thomas  Read, 
Esq.),  Lord  of  the  Manors  of  Beedon,  Barton  Court,  Appleford,  Long  Wit- 
tenham,  Stanmore,  Peasemore  and  Sunningwell,  Berks;  of  Denford, 
Northampton;  and  Dunstew,  Ipsden  Bassett  and  Ipsden  Huntercombe, 
Oxford;  high  sheriff  of  Berks,  1581-2,  and  1599;  executor  of  his  mother's 
will,  dated  Oct.  25.  1575;  knighted  by  Queen  Elizabeth  in  1599.  Had  a  con- 
firmation of  the  Read  arms,  viz.:  '"Gules,  a  saltire  between  four  garbs  or," 
and  a  grant  of  the  following  crest,  viz.:  "On  the  stump  of  an  oak  tree 
raguly  lying  fesswise  vert,  a  falcon  rising  proper,  beaked  and  belled  or,  jessed 
gules,"  by  Camden,  Clarenceux  King  of  Arms.  He  died  Sept.  25,  1604,  at 
his  manor  house,  Beedon,  and  was  buried  Dec.  26,  1604,  at  St.  Helen's,  Abing- 
don, Berks.  Funeral  observed  Jan.  26,  1604-5.  Will  dated  April  14,  1604; 
proved  April  24,  1605.  He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  George  Stonehouse, 
Lord  of  the  Manors  of  Little  or  West  Peckham,  near  Tunbridge,  Kent,  and 
Radley,  Berks;  one  of  the  clerks  of  the  Green  Cloth,  tempp.  Philip  and 
Mary,  and  Elizabeth,  and  sister  of  Sir  William  Stonehouse,  first  baronet  of 
Radley.  Married  before  1568.  Buried  Sept.  14,  1625,  at  St.  Helen's,  Abing- 
don. Sir  Thomas  Read  had  eight  children,  among  them  Richard  Read, 
ancestor  of  the  American  Reads   (see  "American  Line")  and  — 

17.  Sir  Thomas  Read,  Knt.,  Lord  of  the  Manors  of  Beedon,  Barton 
Court,  of  Long  Wittenham,  Berks ;  of  Denford,  Northampton ;  Ipsden  and 
Dunstew,  Oxford;  and  of  Minsden,  Hitchin  and  (jure  uxoris)  Brocket  Hall, 
Herts;  patron  of  the  livings  of  Little  Ayot,  Herts;  Beedon,  Berks;  and  Dun- 

Barton  Court  Line.  251 

stew  and  North  Aston,  Oxford ;  J.  P.  of  Berks ;  high  sheriff  of  Berks,  1606 ; 
of  Oxford,  1615,  and  of  Herts,  1618.  Born,  1575;  was  educated  at  Queen's 
College,  Oxford;  became  a  student  of  the  Middle  Temple  in  1594,  and  was 
incorporated  M.  A.  of  Aberdeen  University,  May  28,  1620.  Knighted  at  Roy- 
ston  July  21,  1616.  Buried  Dec.  20,  1650,  at  Dunstew.  Will  dated  June  28, 
1650;  proved  Feb.  8,  1650-1.  He  married  Mary,  fifth  daughter  and  co-heir  of 
Sir  John  Brocket,  Knt.  (of  Brocket  Hall,  Hatfield,  Co.  Herts),  Lord  of  the 
Manor  of  Symonds  Hide  (with  which  was  incorporated  the  Manor  of 
Almeshoebury ),  and  jure  uxoris,  of  Minsden,  both  in  the  same  county; 
sheriff  of  Herts  in  1566  and  1581 ;  by  Helen,  his  first  wife,  eldest  daughter 
and  co-heir  of  Sir  Robert  Lytton,  Knt.,  of  Knebworth,  Herts,  and  of  Shrub- 
land  Hall,  Suffolk.  Married  March  1597-8.  Buried  April  20,  1654,  at  Hat- 
held;  will  dated  May  2J,  165 1  ;  proved  May  4,  1654.  Sir  Thomas  Read's  son, 
Sir  John,  became  the  first  baronet  of  Brocket  Hall.  (See  "Baronets  of 
Brocket  Hall.")     His  eldest  son  and  heir  was  — 

18.  Thomas  Read,  of  Barton  Court,  St.  Helen's,  Abingdon;  of  Apple- 
ford,  Sutton  Courtney,  Berks,  and  of  Ipsden,  Oxford.  Born  at  Barton  Court, 
Feb.  2,  1606-7 ;  bapt.  Feb.  22,  1606-7,  at  St.  Helen's ;  educated  at  Magdalen 
College,  Oxford;  died  vita  patris;  buried  Dec.  14,  1634,  at  St.  Mary's,  Burford, 
Salop.  He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Sir  Thomas  Cornewall,  Knt.,  Baron  of 
Burford,  Salop,  called  '*  the  great  baron,"  and  sister  of  Sir  Gilbert  Cornewall, 
Knt.,  Baron  of  Burford.  She  was  baptized  at  St.  Mary's,  Burford,  Sept.  10. 
1600,  and  married  there  Sept.  8,  1624.  Thomas  Read  had  nine  children,  among 
them  Sir  Compton  Reade,  founder  of  the  Shipton  Court  line.  (See  "  Baro- 
nets of  Shipton  Court."') 


9.  John  Rede,  sergeant-at-law,  second  son  of  Thomas  de  Rede  of  Mor- 
peth, was  the  ancestor  of  the  Redes  of  the  Borstall  line.  He  married  Cecelia, 
daughter  and  co-heir  of  Griffin  Marmion,  of  Checkendon,  Oxford,  who  after 
his  death,  married,  secondly,  William  Faukner.  She  died  May  20,  1428,  and 
was  buried  at  Checkendon.  William  Rede,  son  of  John  Rede,  founded  Bor- 
stall church,  and  died  in   1473.     Another  son  was  — 

1  Edmund  Rede,  of  Checkendon  ( d.  Oct.  8,  1430),  who  married  Christina 
(d.  March  28,  1435).  daughter  and  heiress  of  Robert  James,  of  Wallingford. 
Lord  of  Borstall,  Bucks,  which  he  had  acquired  by  his  marriage  with 
Catherine,  only  surviving  daughter  and  heiress  of  Sir  Edmund  de  la  Pole, 
Knight  Banneret,  of  Kingston-upon-Hull,  York.  Edmund  Rede,  first  of  the 
Borstall  Redes,  had  — 

1  Rev.  Compton  Reade,  in  his  "  Record  of  the  Redes,"  intimates  that  the  first 
Edward,  of  the  main  line,  and  his  cousin,  Edmund,  of  the  Borstall  line,  were  the  same 
person  or  at  least  that  Edmund,  and  not  Edward,  was  high  sheriff  of  Oxon  and  Bucks 
(1438,  1450),  principally  because  the  former's  "  vast  wealth  points  him  out  as  a  probable 
sheriff."  This  deduction,  for  which  there  is  no  proof,  would  seem  to  be  purely  con- 
jectural. Fuller,  on  the  other  hand,  gives  the  name  of  Edwardus  Rede  in  his  list  of 
high  sheriffs.  Edmund  Rede  (of  the  Borstall  line)  was  a  personage  of  wealth  and 
influence,  but  his  arms  were  not  at  all  like  those  of  Barton  Court.  He  bore  three 
birds,  and  his  crest  was  a  boar.  Fuller  gives  the  arms  of  Edwardus  Rede  as  "  a  red 
shield,  a  gold  saltire  between  four  garbs  of  wheat  "  (gules  a  saltire  between  four  garbs 
or),  the  same  as  is  borne  by  the   Read  family  to-day. 



Sir  Edmund  Rede,  K.  B.,  hereditary  warden  of  Borstall  and  Bernwood 
Forest  (b.  1416;  d.  June  7,  1487),  created  a  Knight  of  the  Bath  at  the  coro- 
nation of  Elizabeth,  queen  of  Edward  IV,  May  20,  1464.  He  married,  first, 
Agnes,  daughter  of  John  Cottesmore  (living  in  1435)  ;  secondly,  Catherine, 
daughter  of  Walter  Greene,  of  Bridgenorth,  Salop,  widow  of  Nicholas 
Gaynesford,  by  whom  she  had  issue.  Among  other  issue  by  his  second  wife, 
Sir  Edmund  had  — 

William  Rede,  of  Borstall,  mentioned  in  his  father's  will,  who  married 
Anna,  daughter  of  Sir  Walter  Mantle,  Knt.,  of  Heyford,  Northampton,  by 
whom  he  had  two  sons  —  Edmund  Rede,  who  died  s.  p.,  and  — 

Sir  William  Rede,  Knt.,  of  Borstall;  J.  P.  for  Oxford,  1515  ;  one  of  the 
nobles  attendant  upon  King  Henry  VIII  at  his  meeting  with  the  French 
King  at  the  Field  of  the  Cloth  of  Gold,  1520;  devisee  of  the  "great  horn  of 
Xigel  the  Forester;"  mentioned  as  father  of  Leonard  Rede  in  a  letter  dated 
April,   1532.     He  married,  first.  Anne,  daughter  of  Sir  John   Twyneho,   Knt., 

Horn   of   Nigel   tin-    For* 

of  Bristol.  He  died  Aug.  22,  1551  ;  her  will,  which  is  in  the  Archdeaconry  of 
Berks,  dated  Aug.  13,  1550.  describes  her  as  "  Dame  Anne  Rede  of  Walling- 
ford,  Co.  Berks,  widow."  Sir  William  married,  as  second  wife,  Anne,  daugh- 
ter of  William  Warham,  who  afterward  married  George  Gaynesford,  of 
Oxford.     Among  other  issue.  Sir  William  had  — 

Leonard  Rede,  of  Borstall,  who  married,  first  Anne,  daughter  of  John 
Heron  of  Heron,  Kent;   secondly    (before   Feb.  6.    1527),   Anne,   daughter  of 

Sir  Wilford,  Knt.,  alderman  of  London.     After  Leonard  Rede's  death, 

his  widow  married  Thomas  Read,  of  Muswell,  Oxford,  son  of  Thomas  Read, 
of  the  New  Forest,  Southampton.  Among  other  issue  by  his  first  wife, 
Leonard  had  a  daughter  and  heir,  Catherine,  of  London  ( d.  1547),  who 
married  (Aug.  16.  1546)  Thomas  Dynham,  who  thus  became,  jure  uxoris, 
Lord  of  Borstall  and  Chief  Forester  and  Steward  of  Bernwood. 

The  early  Borstall  line  of  descent  prior  to  the  accession  of  Edmund  Rede, 
son  of  John  Rede,  sergeant-at-law.  given  in  a  pedigree  found  among  the 
records  of  the  late  General  Meredith  Read,  is  as  follows: 

1.  Nigel,  Forester  of  Borstall  before  the  Conquest,  had- — 

2.  William   Fitz  Nigel   (d-   1204),  who  married  Mabel and  had  — 

Baronets  of  Shipton  Court.  253 

3.     Sir  John  Fitz  Nigel,  Knt.,  of  Borstall  (d.  1242),  who  married  Isolda 
and  had  — 

4.  Sir  John  Fitz  Nigel,  Knt.,  or  Johannes  de  Borstall  (d.  1289),  who 
married  Isabel  (living  1305)  and  had  — 

5.  Joane,  sole  daughter  and  heir,  who  married  (1299)  Sir  John  de 
Handlo,  Knt.  Banneret,  Lord  of  Hadlow.  Kent;  bailiff  of  Shotover  Forest. 
Oxford  (d.  Aug.  5,  1346).     They  had  — 

6.  Richard  he  Handlo,  who  married  Isabella,  daughter  of  Almaric  de  St. 
Amand,  and  had  — 

7.  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  and  co-heir  (d.  1394),  who  married,  first, 
Gilbert  de  Chastelain;  secondly,  John  de  Appleby,  Lord  of  Borstall,  jure 
uxoris,  who  died  s.  p.   1372,  and  the  title  and  estate  passed  to  — 

8.  Elizabeth,  youngest  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Richard  de  Handlo, 
who  had  livery  of  her  brother's  lands,  and  was  aged  18  in  1355.  She  mar- 
ried Sir  Edmund  de  la  Pole,  Knt.,  Captain  of  Calais  (d.  1418,  seized  of 
Borstall,  jure  uxoris).  He  was  the  grandson  of  William  de  la  Pole,  mer- 
chant of  Kingston-upon-Hull,  and  son  of  Sir  William  de  la  Pole,  Knt., 
Mayor  of  Hull,  Baron  of  the  Exchequer,  Knt.  Banneret  (d.  1366).  Sir 
Edmund  had  one  son,  Walter,  who  d.  s.  p.,  and  two  daughters,  Elizabeth, 
eldest  daughter  and  co-heir,  who  married  Sir  Ingelram  Bruyn,  Knt.,  who 
held  one  moiety  of  Borstall,  jure  uxoris,  and  — 

9-  Catharine,  youngest  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Sir  Edmund  de  la  Pole, 
married  Robert  James,  Esq.,  of  Wallingford.  Lord  of  Borstall,  jure  uxoris 
(d.  Feb.  16.  1431).  Their  sole  daughter,  Christina  (d.  March  28,  1435,  aged 
34)  married  Edmund  Rede,  Esq.,  who  thus  became,  jure  uxoris,  Lord  of 

Guillim,  in  his  "  Display  of  Heraldry  "  (page  225),  has  the  following: 
"  Azure  three  pheasant  cocks  or,  is  born  by  the  name  of  Read."  This  was 
the  coat-of-arms  of  John  Read,  son  of  George,  the  son  of  Leonard  Read, 
Esq..  and  his  wife,  daughter  of  John  Heron,  which  Leonard  was  the  son 
and  heir  of  Sir  William  Read,  of  Borstall,  Kt,  and  Anna,  his  wife,  daughter 
of  Nicholas  Warham,  brother  of  William,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  which 
Sir  William  was  the  son  of  William,  the  son  of  Edmund  Read  and 
Katharine,  his  wife,  which  Sir  Edmund  was  son  and  heir  of  Edmund  Read, 
Esq.,  and  his  wife,  Christiana,  daughter  of  Robert  James,   Esq. 


Of  all  the  English  Redes,  Reades  or  Reads,  the  most  interesting  and 
splendid  personage  of  them  all  was  our  own  Sir  Compton  Reade  (1626-1679), 
founder  of  the  Shipton  Court  line.  The  compiler  has  a  number  of  interest- 
ing documents  signed  by  Sir  Compton.  He  was  first  baronet,  third 
creation,  Lord  of  the  Manors  of  Beedon  and  Barton  Court,  Berks,  and  of 
Shipton  Court,  Shipton-under-Wychwood,  Oxford;  high  sheriff  of  Berks, 
1663,  and  patron  of  Beedon,  1672.  He  was  the  eldest  son  and  heir  of 
Thomas  Reade,  Esq.  (1607-34),  of  Barton  Court  and  Appleford,  Berks,  and 
of  Ipsden,  Oxford.  He  was  baptized  at  St.  Mary's,  Burford,  Salop,  January 
24,  1625-6;  educated  at  Magdalen  Hall,  Oxford;  created  a  baronet  by  letters- 
patent  bearing  date  March  4,  1660-1;  died  September  29.  1679,  and  was  buried 


1.  Sir  Compton  Reade=Mary  Cornewall. 
(First  Baronet.)      I 

2  I 

(d.  unm.) 

3  I 

Sir  Edward. 
(2d  Bart.) 


4  I 



No  ch. 

5  I 

(d.  young.) 

6  I 

Sir  Fairmedow 


No  eh. 

7  I 

Sir  Winwood. 

(3d  Bart.) 

(d.  aet.  9.) 

Sir  Thomas. 
(4th  Bart.) 

Jane  Mary 

9  I 
(d.  1686.) 

10  | 
Gen.  George. 

Jane  Nowes. 
No  ch. 

11  Sir  John. 
(5th  Bart.) 


12  | 
Sir  John. 
(6th  Bart.) 

Jane  Hoskyns. 

13  I 


13a  | 

Sir  Elijah 

14  I 

Sir  John 


(7th  Bart.) 


15  | 

Capt.  George 


Maria  Jane 

16  I 

17  I 
(Twins.)  Louisa. 

r-     19    I 

(d.  unm.) 

20  1 



(d.  young.) 

21  I 



(d.  unm.) 

37  I 


(Heir  apparent.) 

38  | 




(d.  1837.) 

John  Edmund. 

Maria  Louisa 

Agnes  Cornelie. 

Highton  Reade. 


Capt.  Charles 

( lhamberlayne 



22  | 

23  | 



Talbot  Rice. 

24  | 

Jane  Ann 

25  | 






30  | 

Sir  Chandos 



(8th  Bart.) 

31  1 




32  | 
Sir    George 
(9th  Bart.) 

Maria  Emma 



No  ch. 

Rev.  S.  M. 


39  | 

40  | 

41  | 

42  | 

26  I 
(d.  young.) 

27  | 

(d.  unm.) 

33  | 

34  | 


43  | 


44  | 



28  | 

John  Edmund 

35  | 

29  | 




36  I 


45  | 



at  Shipton-under-Wychwood.  He  married  (at  Dunstew,  Oxford,  1650)  his 
cousin,  Mary  Cornewall.  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  Gilbert  Cornewall,  knight, 
Baron  of  Burford.  She  died  April  26.  1703,  aged  76,  and  was  buried  at 

A  brief  pedigree  of  the  Shipton  Court  line  of  baronets,  taken  from  the 
detailed  chart  prepared  by  General  Meredith  Read  in  1893  is  as  follows: 

1.  Sir  Compton  Reade,  first  baronet  of  Shipton  Court  (bapt.  Jan.  24, 
1625-6;  d.  Sept.  29,  1679)  married  (1650)   Mary  Cornewall  (b.   1627;  d.  April 

Sir  Compton  Reade  (1626-1679),  first  I'aronet  of  Shipton  Court, 
and  who  purchased  the  Shipton  estate  in  1663.  From  a  paint- 
ing by  Mrs.   Beale. 

26,  1703,  aged  76),  his  cousin,  daughter  of  Sir  Gilbert  Cornewall.  Knt.,  Baron 
of  Burford.     They  had  — 

2.  Thomas    (b.   Dec.    13,    1653;    d.    1675,    unmarried);    educated   at 

Christ  church,   Oxford. 

3.  Sir  Edward,  second  baronet.     See  below. 

4.  Anne  (b.  June  14,  1652;  d.  1681),  of  St.  Margaret's,  Westminster, 

Middlesex;  married  Cornelius  Vermuyden  (b.  1626),  of  Corn- 
wall, eldest  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Cornelius  Vermuyden,  Knt., 
of  Hatfield,  York,  and  of  London. 

5.  Mary  (bapt,  July  16,  1656;  d.  1663). 

Baronets  of  Shipton  Court. 


6.  Elizabeth  (bapt.  Oct.  11,  1657;  d.  1688)  ;  married  Sir  Fairmedow 
Penyston  (b.  1665;  d.  Dec.  24,  1705),  fourth  baronet  of  Corn- 
well,  Oxford.  He  married,  secondly,  Alary,  eldest  daughter 
of  John  Powney,  of  Old  Windsor.  Berks,  and  widow  of  Sir 
William  Paul,  Knt.,  of  Bray,  Oxford,  who  died  Jan.  10,  1714, 
aged  66.  Sir  Fairmedow  Penyston,  dying  s.  p.,  the  baronetcy 
of  Cornwell  became  extinct. 
3.  Sir  Edward  Reade,  second  baronet  (b.  June  30,  1659;  d.  Sept.  4, 
1691),  was  educated  at  St.  Alary  Hall,  Oxford;  was  executor  of  his  father's 

Lady  Penyston  (165T-16SS),  daughter  of  Sir  Compton 
Reade,  first  Baronet  of  Shipton  Court,  and  wife  of  Sir 
Fairmedow  Penyston,  fourth  and  last  Baronet  of 

will,  dated  Sept.  9.  1679.  He  married  Elizabeth  (b.  1661).  daughter  of  Fran- 
cis Harby,  of  Adston,  Northampton,  who  survived  him  and  married,  sec- 
ondly, Henry  Farmer.  In  her  will,  dated  July  15,  1729,  she  is  described  as 
"  Dame  Elizabeth  Read,  alias  Farmore,  of  Shipton,  Co.  Oxon."  By  her 
Sir  Edward  Reade  had  — 

7.  Sir  Winwood  Reade,  third  baronet    (b.   1683 ;   d.  June  30,   1692, 

aged  9  years). 

8.  Sir  Thomas  Reade,  fourth  baronet.  .See  below. 

9.  Edward  Reade  (d.  1686). 

10.     George  Reade   (b.  1687;  d.  Mch.  28,   1756),  of  Shipton,  lieuten- 
ant-general  in   the  army,   and  colonel   of  a   regiment   of   foot; 



M.    P.    for   borough    of   Tewkesbury,    Gloucester,    1721-2,    and 

again  in   1727.     He  married  Jane  (b.    1689;   d.  July  24,    1744), 

daughter  of  Charles  Nowes,  of  Wood  Ditton,  Cambridge,  and 

of  the  Middle  Temple.     No  issue. 

8.     Sir  Thomas  Reade.   fourth  baronet    (b.    1684:   d.   Sept.  25,   1752),  was 

Patron  of  Beedon;   one   of  the   Gentlemen  to  the    Privy   Chamber  to   King 

George  I:   Clerk  of  the   Household  to  King  George   II.  and   M.   P.   in   five 

Parliaments   for   Cricklade,   Wilts.     He   married   (Oct.   29.    1719)    Jane    Mary 

Sir  Thomas  Reade  (16S4-1732),  fourth   Baronet  of  Shipton  Court. 
From  a  portrait  by   Sir  Godfrey   Kneller. 

(d.   June   28,    1721),   daughter   of   Sir   Ralph    Dalton.    first   Baronet   of   Sher- 
borne. Gloucester,  M.  P.  for  that  county.     They  had  — 

11.  Sir  John  Reade,  fifth  baronet  ( b.  1721  :  d.  Nov.  9,  1773),  only  son 
and  heir,  and  nephew  and  heir-at-iaw  of  General  George  Reade.  He  mar- 
ried (1759)  Harriet  (b.  1727;  d.  Dec.  23.  1S04).  only  child  and  heir  of  Wil- 
liam Barker,  of  Sonning,  Berks,  by  Olivia,  his  wife.     They  had  — 

12.  Sir  John  Reade,  sixth  baronet.    See  below. 

13.  Thomas   Reade    ( b.    March   8,    1762,   twin   with   his  brother,    Sir 

John:  d.  Jan.  24,  1837),  of  the  city  of  Bath,  Somerset.  He 
married  Catherine  (d.  1830),  daughter  of  Sir  John  Hill,  by 
whom  he  had  four  children  —  John  Edmund  Reade,  the  poet 

Baronets  of  Shipton  Court. 


(d.  Sept.  17,  1870),  who  married  (Oct.  1,  1847)  Maria  Louisa 
(d.  Nov.  24,  1886).  daughter  of  Captain  George  Compton 
Reade,  of  the  First  Foot  Guards,  and  had  one  daughter,  Agnes 
Cornelie,  who  married  (Oct.  1,  1881)  Arnold  Highton  Reade 
(formerly  Arnold  Highton),  only  son  of  Edward  Gilbert 
Highton,  M.  A.,  Cambridge,  barrister-at-law  of  Lincoln's  Inn  ; 
Susan    Reade,    who    married    Captain    Charles    Chamberlayne 

w.\." ; 


^tefl  „,^.    ,.  ^    -  ■  -      — ■^£\j&k/^JL^&.-.s^y.f    •->    --  a  -|^l    gH> 

■  M 


^^^^^^^M^^^^^Kg^^^^CTfCTrl^^^^^M  R8Rk^' 

Vjy   * 









yif  «fc] 


B   UQia          H^vs^ 

v  ~ 

H    '3H^M~^HKiB£B!li]«  r 

99 :% 


'SBGSsflf'^gSSSSf^  «                H^B-'1** 


.^>-^Ja'''^5^^-1v.Vj>?'.'   ■  \ 'Jk&^Li 

^K|[  ■«!  jftrln 

■■"■■"  Ji^^m^B^         I  "r 

...;  J|&g|&  ;F|"'         H  S 


■  '>'^s^^-4'9M     Is 



"^      ?**; 


_,^ ^ ^ii^. 

General  George  Reade  (1687-1756),  grandson  of  Sir  Compton 
Reade,  first  Baronet  of  Shipton  Court,  and  brother  of  Sir 
Thomas  Reade,  fourth  Baronet. 

Irvine,  R.  N. ;  Emily  Jane  Reade;  Harriet  Lucy  Reade,  who 

married  — ■ —  Roberts. 
12.  Sir  John  Reade,  sixth  baronet  (b.  March  8,  1762,  twin  with  his 
brother  Thomas;  d.  Nov.  18,  1789),  was  educated  at  Magdalen  College, 
Oxford  (M.  A.,  July  2,  1783).  He  married  (Jan.  13,  1784)  Jane  ( b.  1756; 
d.  1847),  second  but  only  surviving  daughter  of  Sir  Chandos  Hoskyns,  fifth 
baronet  of  Harewood-End,  Ross,  Hereford.     They  had  — 

14.  Sir  John  Chandos  Reade,  seventh  baronet.     See  below. 

15.  George  Compton.     See  below. 

16.  Harriet,    twin    with   her   sister   Louisa,   who    died   young   a   few 

days  before  her  father. 

258  Rossi  a  ii  a. 

17.  Luuisa.  twin  with  her  sister  Harriet,  who  died  young,  surviving 

her  father  but  a  few  months. 

18.  Julia  Jane,  who  was  born  posthumously  in  1790.     Died  April  9, 


14.  Sir  John  Chandos  Reade,  seventh  baronet  (b.  Jan.  13,  1785;  d.  Jan. 
14,  1868).  was  high  sheriff  of  Oxford,  181 1,  and  Patron  of  Beedon,  Berks, 
1828;  eldest  son  and  heir  male  of  Sir  John  Reade,  sixth  baronet,  and  grand- 
son and  heir  male  of  Sir  John  Reade,  fifth  baronet;  also  heir-at-law  of 
Sir  Thomas  Reade,  fourth  baronet,  and  of  George  Reade,  of  Shipton  Court, 
brother  of  the  said  Sir  Thomas,  as  appears  by  a  certain  indenture  bearing 
date  Jan.  26,  1813  ;  was  educated  at  Harrow  and  afterwards  at  Christ  church, 
Oxford.  He  married  (Jan.  6,  1814)  Louisa  t  d.  Feb.  6,  1821,  aged  31),  young- 
est daughter  of  the  Hon.  David  Murray  (by  Elizabeth,  his  wife,  fourth 
daughter  and  co-heir  of  the  Hon.  Thomas  llarley.  Lord  Mayor  of  London 
in  1767,  and  granddaughter  of  Edward,  third  Earl  of  Oxford),  who  was 
brother  of  Alexander,  seventh  Baron  Elibank,  and  son  of  the  Hon.  and  Rev. 
Gideon  Murray,  D.  D.,  prebendary  of  Lincoln,  and  afterwards  of  Durham, 
and  rector  of  Carlton,  Notts.  Sir  John  Chandos,  dying  without  heir  male, 
the  baronetcy  passed  to  his  brother's  grandson,  Chandos  Stanhope  Hoskyns 
Reade  (30).     Sir  John  Chandos  Reade  had  — 

19.  CoMPTON   (b.  Oct.  17,  1814;  d.  July  31,  1X51)  ;  educated  at  Trinity 

College.  Oxford. 

20.  John  Chandos  (b.  Feb.  8,  1816;  d.  Jan.  25,  1818). 

21.  Louisa  Jane  (1>.  July  20,  1.S17;  d.  Feb.  9,  1837,  unmarried). 

22.  Emily  (b.  April  30.  1819). 

23.  Clara  Louisa  (b.  Jan.  25,  1X21  ;  d.  Aug.  11.  1853)  ;  married  (Oct. 

13.  [846)  the  lion.  John  Talbot  Rice  (b.  1819),  of  Oddington 
House,  Stow-on-the-Wold,  Gloucester  (jure  uxoris)  J.  P.  for 
that  county;  brother  of  Francis  William,  fifth  Baron  Dynevor, 
and  fifth  son  of  the  Hon.  and  Very  Rev.  Edward  Rice,  D.  D., 
Dean  of  Gloucester,  and  rector  of  Great  Risington,  Gloucester, 
lie  married,  secondly  (Oct.  24.  1X55).  Elizabeth  Lucy,  daughter 
of  Robert   Boyd. 

15.  Captain  George  Compton  Reade  (b.  Jan.  8,  1788;  d.  Dec.  24,  1866), 
of  the  First  Foot  Guards,  second  son  of  Sir  John  Reade.  sixth  baronet,  mar- 
ried (March  6,  1809)  Maria  Jane  (d.  1837),  his  cousin,  daughter  of  Sir  Hun- 
gerford  Hoskyns.  sixth  baronet  of  Harewood  End,  Ross,  Hereford.  They 
had  — 

24.  George.     See  below. 

25.  John  Stanhope.     See  below. 

26.  Chandos  Reaue  (b.  181 7;  d.  Sept.,  1833,  aged  16). 

27.  Catherine  Julia  (b.  1813;  d.  April,  1824,  unmarried). 

28.  Maria   Louisa    (d.    Nov.   24,    e886)   married   (Oct.   1,   1847)   John 

Edmund    Reade,   the   poet.      (See   children   of   Thomas    Reade 


29.  Caroline  Jane    (deceased.   1893)    married  Skurr. 

24.  George  Reade  (b.  1812;  d.  1863),  lieutenant  Madras  Army,  married 
Jane  Ann,  daughter  of  J.  Norton,  and  had  — 

Baronets  of  Brocket  Hall.  259 

30.  Sir  Chandos  Stanhope  Hoskyns  Reade,  eighth  baronet  (b.  Sept. 

5,  183 1  ;  d.  Jan.  28,  1890,  s.  p.),  D.  L.  for  Anglesey,  married 
(March  11,  1880)  Maria  Emma  Elizabeth  Conway,  daughter 
and  heir  of  Richard  Trygam  Griffith,  of  Carreglwyd  and  Berw, 
Anglesey.  The  title  then  passed  to  Sir  Chandos'  cousin,  George 
Compton   (32). 

31.  Louisa    Jane    Eubank    married     (April    26,    1892)    Rev.    Sed- 

borough  Mayne  Wade,  M.  A.,  Cambridge,  curate  of  St.  Leon- 
ard's-on-Sea,    Sussex,   formerly  curate   of   St.   James"    Chelten- 
ham, Gloucester,   sun  of  Gustavus  Rockfort  Wade. 
25.     John  Stanhope  Reade   ( d.   1N83)   married    (1836)   Lovica  Walton,  of 
Dexter.  Michigan,  U.  S.  A.,  and  had  — 

32.  George  Compton.     See  belozv. 

33.  Charles  Walter. 

34.  Catherine. 

35.  Christian. 

36.  Maria  Louisa. 

32.  Sir  George  Compton  Reade  (b.  Dec.  17,  1845),  resident  at  Howell, 
Livingstone  county,  Michigan,  U.  S.  A.,  ninth  and  present  baronet,  succeeded 
his  cousin,  January  28,  1890.  He  married  (June  4,  1863)  Melissa,  daughter 
of  Isaac  Ray,  of  Michigan,  and  had  — 

37.  George  Read  (b.  Nov.  22,  1869),  heir  apparent. 

38.  Elmer  Reade  (b.  Nov.   1,  1877). 

39.  Harry  Reade   (b.  April  18,  1884). 

40.  Emory  Reade  (b.  Oct.  9,  1887). 

41.  Julia   (b.  Dec.  25,  1870). 

42.  Ellen  (b.  March  22,  1874). 

43.  Esther  (b.  Jan.  15,   1876). 

44.  Edna  (b.  Aug.  11,  1879). 

45.  Sonorah   (b.  June  7,  1881). 


Sir  John  Read,  Knight  and  first  Baronet  of  Brocket  Hall  (parish  of 
Hatfield )  and  Minsden,  Herts,  and  of  Dunstew,  Oxon,  was  a  son  of  Sir 
Thomas  Reade,  Knight,  and  his  wife,  Mary  Brocket,  daughter  and  co-heiress 
of  Sir  John  Brocket,  Knight,  of  Brocket  Hall.  Sir  John  Reade  was  born 
in  1617,  and  was  46  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  second  marriage  in  1663; 
was  knighted  at  Newmarket,  March  12,  1642;  created  a  Baronet  by  letters 
patent  dated  March  16,  1642,  granted  a  fresh  patent  of  baronetcy  by 
Cromwell,  June  25,  1656,  being  the  first  hereditary  honor  awarded  by  the 
latter.  Sir  John  was  high  sheriff  of  Herts,  1655,  and  was  buried  in  the 
Reade  and  Brocket  chapel  at  Hatfield,  February  6,  1694.  He  married,  first, 
Susanne,  daughter  of  Sir  Thomas  Style,  Bart.,  of  Wateringbury,  and, 
secondly,  Alissimon,  widow  of  Hon.  F.  Pierpont.  By  his  first  wife,  Susanne, 
Sir  John  had  five  sons  —  John.  Thomas,  Stephen,  James  and  Peter.  The 
first  three  sons  seem  to  have  disappeared  in  some  mysterious  way,  as  no 
mention  has  been  found  of  them,  and  the  baronetcy  and  estate  descended  to 
the  fourth  son  — 


Rossi  a  11  a. 

Sir  James  Read,  second  Baronet  (1655-1701),  who  married  Love  (1655- 
1731),  daughter  of  Alderman  Dring,  and  had,  with  five  daughters,  an  only- 
son  — 

Sir  John  Read,  third  and  last  Baronet  of  Brocket  Hall,  who  was  born 
1691  ;  educated  at  Eton;  matriculated  at  Wadham  College,  Oxford,  Novem- 
ber 7,  1705:  died,  unmarried,  of  the  small-pox,  February  22,  1712,  aged 
21  years,  at  Rome,  when  the  Baronetcy  became  extinct,  and  Brocket  Hall 
and   Dunstew  passed  to  his  sisters. 

Iiihx     Read    (1691-1712),    third    and    last    P.aronet    of 
Brocket    Hall.     From  an  ancient  painting. 

Sir  John  Read.  Kt..  and  first  Baronet  of  Brocket  Hall,  had  two  coats  of 
arms  —  the  inherited  arms  of  his  family  and  one  granted  him  with  the 
baronetcy,  azure  a  griffin  segreant  or. 

In  1X10  a  peixm  styling  himself  "the  Rev.  Sir  William  Reade,  Bart., 
Rector  and  Prebendary  of  Tomgrany,  in  the  County  of  Clare,"  Ireland, 
appeared  before  the  College  of  Arms,  London,  and  sought  to  establish  his 
claim  to  the  Baronetcy  of  Brocket  Hall.  His  pretensions  were  based  on 
the  statement  that  he  was  the  great-great-grandson  of  Sir  John  Reade, 
first    baronet,    and    great-grandson    of    "Sir    Matthew"    Reade,    an    alleged 

The  American  Line.  261 

brother  of  Sir  James  Reade,  second  baronet.  These  claims,  upon  investiga- 
tion, were  found  to  be  without  foundation.  It  is  believed,  however,  that  he 
was  a  descendant  of  the  family,  but  not  of  the  Baronet. 


Richard  Read  (or  Reade),  of  Culham  Rectory,  Oxfordshire,  ancestor  of 
the  American  Reads,  was  the  third  son  of  Thomas  Reade  (living  1549, 
d.  1604)  and  Mary  Stonehouse  (d.  1625),  and  was  consequently  the  grandson 
of  Thomas  Reade  (d.  1556),  the  first  Lord  of  Barton  Court.  Richard  Read 
was  born  at  Barton  Court  in  1579,  and  was  baptized  August  16  of  that 
year,  at  St.  Helen's,  Abingdon,  Berks.  He  matriculated  at  Queen's  College, 
Oxford,  with  his  brothers,  Thomas  and  John,  July  6,  1593,  at  which  date 
he  was  fourteen  years  of  age.  and  was  a  student  of  the  Middle  Temple 
in  1595.  He  signs  himself  Richard  Read  (without  the  final  e)  to  a  bond 
dated  January  11,  1604-5,  and  at  the  same  time  was  administrator  of  his 
brother  John,  who  died  without  issue.  He  again  signs  his  name  without 
the  final  e  to  an  indenture  dated  May  9,  1625  (in  which  he  is  described  as 
"of  Dunstew"),  but  appends  his  signature  with  a  final  e  to  another  indenture 
bearing  the  same  date. 

Richard  Read  was  associated  and  named  with  his  brother.  Sir  Thomas, 
and  the  latter's  wife,  Mary  Brocket,  in  a  license  of  alienation  granted  by 
Lord  Chancellor  Bacon  in  1625,  allowing  them  to  give  and  grant  to  William 
Stonehouse,  Esq.  (their  maternal  uncle),  40  acres  of  meadow,  30  acres 
of  pasture  and  30  acres  of  wood  in  Barton  and  Radley,  Berks.  This 
document  was  in  possession  of  Richard's  descendant.  General  Meredith 
Read,  and  is  accompanied  by  a   large  portion  of  the  Great   Seal. 

Richard  Read  married  Helen,  the  eldest  child  of  Sir  Alexander  Cave, 
Knt.,  of  Bargrave  and  Rotherby,  Leicester,  High  Sheriff  of  Leicestershire, 
1620-1,  by  Anne,  second  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  Sir  John  Brocket,  Knt., 
of  Brocket  Hall,  in  the  parish  of  Hatfield,  Lord  of  the  Manor  of  Symonds 
Hide  (with  Almeshoebury ),  and,  jure  uxoris.  of  Minsden,  both  in  the  same 
county,  High  Sheriff  of  Herts  in  1566  and  1581,  by  Helen,  his  first  wife, 
eldest  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  Sir  Robert  Lytton,  Knt.,  of  Knebworth, 
Herts,  and  of  Shrubland  Hall,  Suffolk,  High  Sheriff  of  the  counties  of  Herts 
and  Essex.  She  was  named  after  her  grandmother,  Helen  Lytton,  and  was 
born  about  1601 ;  married  before  1622  (probably  about  1619)  ;  died,  having 
had  issue,  at  Dunstew.  and  was  buried  there  February  25,  1623.  Thus  Rich- 
ard wedded  the  niece  of  his  elder  brother's  wife,  and  became,  by  marriage, 
his  brother's  nephew.      ("A  Record  of  the  Redes.") 

Richard  Read  died  at  Dunstew  in  1659  —  nine  years  after  the  death  of  his 
eldest  brother.  Sir  Thomas,  and  one  before  the  Restoration.  His  eldest 
son,  Alexander  (1620-1681),  married  Mary  Ruffin  (January  r,  1649), 
daughter  of  Thomas  Ruffin,  of  Ayot  Parva,  Herts,  had  the  Manor  of  Pomney 
granted  him.  Pomney  formed  part  of  the  group  of  manors  included  in  the 
Abbatial  Manor  of  Barton,  and  lies  directly  facing  Nuneham.  Alexander 
Read  had  nine  children,  some  of  whom  went  to  Ireland  Richard  Read's 
second   son  — 

262  Rossi  a  ii  a. 

Sir  Charles  Read  (1622-1674),  of  Whitefriars,  London,  and  of  Dublin, 
was  undoubtedly  a  man  of  mark.  He  went  over  to  Ireland  during  the 
civil  war,  in  the  King's  cause,  and  in  two  separate  documents  of  different 
dates  (the  first  being  May  16,  168S)  he  is  styled  "  Sir  Charles,"  having 
doubtless  received  the  accolade  in  Dublin.  Inasmuch  as  he  was  knighted 
for  his  services  to  the  Royal  cause,  it  has  been  conjectured  that  he  had 
joined  in  the  defense  of  Barton  Court.  He  was  buried  at  St.  Bride's,  Fleet 
street,  April  6,  1674.  By  his  wife,  Catherine  Russell,  a  kinswoman  of  his 
cousin,  Sir  William  Russell,  of  Strensham,  he  had  four  sons  and  one 
daughter,  Elizabeth,  who  married  Thomas  Ruffin  (d.  1677).  Sir  Charles 
Read's  eldest  son  — 

Henry  Read  (1662)  married  Mary  Molines,  a  descendant  of  the  old 
Oxfordshire  house  of  De  Molines,  which  survives  in  Lord  Ventry.  Henry 
Read's  only  son  — 

John  Read  (1688-1756)  was  the  first  of  the  family  to  cross  over  to 
America,  and  became  Colonel  John  Read  of  Delaware.  ( See  "  Read  of 
Delaware.")     He  was  also  proprietor  of  Kinsley  Manor  in   Maryland. 


The  Brocket  alliance  gave  the  Reades  of  Brocket  Hall  and  Shipton  Court. 

as   well  as  the  American   Reads,   a   descent   from  John  of  Gaunt,   Duke  of 

Lancaster.  King  of  Castille,  etc.,  third  son  of  King  Edward  III,  as  follows: 

John    of    Gaunt  =  as    his   third    wife,    Catherine,    daughter   of    Sir    Payne 

Roelt,  and  widow  of  Sir  Otho  de  Swynford.  and  had  — 
Joan   de  Beaufort  =  secondly,   Ralph    Nevill,   Earl   of  Westmoreland,   and 

had  — 
Joan  Nevill  =  Thomas  de  Fauconberg,  Lord  Fauconberg,  and  had  — 
Joan   or  Johanna  de  Fauconberg  =  Thomas  Brocket,  and  had  — 
Sir  Thomas  Brocket  =  Elizabeth,  heiress  of  Philip  Ashe,  and  had  — 
Edward  Brocket  =  Elizabeth  Thwaites,  and  had  — 
Sir   John    Brocket  =  Lucy,    daughter    of   John    Poulter,    of    Hitchin,    and 

had  — 
John     Brocket  =  Dorothy    Huson,    and    had  — 
Sir  John  Brocket   (2)=Margaret,  daughter  of  William  Benstede,  of  St. 

Peter's,  Herts,  and  had  — 
Sir    John    Brocket  =  as    his    first    wife.    Helen,    daughter    of    Sir    Robert 

Lytton,  of  Knebworth.  and  had  — 
(1.)      Mary     Brocket  =  Sir     Thomas     Reade,     ancestor     of    the     English 

branch  — 
(2.)     Anne  Brocket  =  Sir  Alexander  Cave  and  had  — 

Helen  Cave  =  Richard  Reade,  great-grandfather  of  Colonel  John 
Read,  of  Delaware,  ancestor  of  the  American  branch. 



American   Reads. 

Thomas.            =      Mary  (b.  1600). 

Sir  John.       =  1.  J 

uaanne,      dau. 
of       Sir       T. 

(16061631.)              Daughter    of     Sir 

Heir         of         Sir         Thomas     Come- 

Style.  Had  is 

Thomas  and  an-          wall.     Baron     of 

sue.   (d.  1657.) 

cestor      of      the         Burford. 

=   2.  Alias! 

Shipton          and 


pont.  ib  162-') 

Ipsden  Readcs. 

Sir  Compluii.       =  Mary      CornewaM. 
(1626-1679.)                 dau.   of  Sir  Gil- 

Edward.  —      1.  Jane          Acton. 


Founder      of      the          bert     Cornewali. 

(1627-1716.)  =      2.  Elizabeth        Al- 

len,   (d.   1664.) 

line.                               ford.    0627-1703  ) 

=       3.  Mrs.    Ellen    Al 

len.   (d.   16SS.I 

=4.  Susanna.        (m. 

1697;         living 







Dragoon  Guard; 

Scott  G. 


son  of  Joh"R«d"  lVs-r^rf  lp5°!en  '  nf vTs  toruh, Mi^LtT"*  "?  En81W'  °°«"«ta  °{  th5  '"^  quarter  of  the  19th  Century.  He  was  the  youngest 
B  V.  iu  1835,  with  a  third  class  in  classics,  "as elect"  V  iner  ian  L^Wh  ,a"d0  was  e.iu,  ,ted  or  the  bar  He  entered  Magdalen  College,  Osford,  proceeded 
hi,  Hfe  that  he  took  up  literature  and  achieved  thathigh  ^uta^ta  'X'JSiV^  r^ac^Sii  Wm!"  '  r"" '  "*  ^     "  W"  ""P"*™*  ^  in 

Descent   of  the  American  Family 

of  Read. 





THE  first  ancestor  in  this  country  was  Colonel  John  Read,  a  wealthy  and 
public-spirited  Southern  planter,  who  was  born  in  Dublin  January 
15,  1688,  of  English  parentage,  in  the  last  year  of  the  reign  of  James 
the  Second.  His  mother  was  the  scion  of  an  old  Oxfordshire  house,  and  his 
father,  an  English  gentleman  of  large  fortune,  then  residing  in  Dublin,  was 
filth  in  descent  from  Thomas  Read,  lord  of  the  manors  of  Barton  and 
Beedon,  in  Berkshire,  and  high  sheriff  of  Berks  in  1581,  and  tenth  in  descent 
from  Edward  Read,  lord  of  the  manor  of  Beedon.  and  high  sheriff  of  Berks 
in  1439  and  again  in  1451.  One  of  the  latter's  brothers,  William  Read,  six 
times  mayor  of  Reading,  was  member  of  Parliament  for  Reading  in  1453, 
1460,  1462  and  1472.  An  older  brother,  Sir  Thomas  Read,  was  one  of  the 
knights  who  accompanied  King  Henry  the  Sixth  when  he  held  his  Parlia- 
ment at  Reading  in  1439.  and  they  were  all  sons  of  Thomas  Read,  lord  of 
various  manors  in  Northumberland. 

In  the  civil  wars  of  the  seventeenth  century,  says  Mr.  Charles  Reade,  the 
family  declared  for  the  crown,  and  its  then  chief,  Sir  Compton  Read,  was 
for  his  services  one  of  the  first  baronets  created  by  Charles  the  Second  after 
the  Restoration.  A  younger  son  of  the  family  went  over  to  Ireland  in  the 
same  troubles,  and  it  was  his  son  who  was  the  progenitor  of  the  American 
house.  Besides  the  baronetcy  of  the  4th  March,  1660,  an  earlier  one  had 
been  conferred  upon  Sir  John  Read  on  the  16th  March,  1641.  Through  a 
clerical  error  in  one  of  the  patents  an  e  was  added  to  the  name,  and  was  sub- 
sequently adopted  by  the  English  branches.  The  historical  American 
branch  retained  the  ancient  form  which  the  name  had  when  it  left  England, 
and  it  figures  thus  on  the  petition  to  the  King  of  the  Congress  of  1774,  the 
Declaration  of  Independence,  the  Constitution  of  the  United  States  and  many 
other  earlier  and  later  State  papers.1 

"  Colonel  John  Read,"  says  Scharf  in  his  "  History  of  Delaware,"  had  a 
romantic  history.  He  fell  in  love  at  an  early  age  in  the  old  country  with 
his  cousin,  a  beautiful  and  accomplished  girl,  who  died  suddenly  before  their 
engagement  ended  in  marriage.  This  shock  so  overcame  the  lover  that, 
after  struggling  in  vain  against  his  melancholy  amidst  familiar  scenes,  he 
determined,  in  spite  of  the  earnest  opposition  of  his  parents,  to  seek  relief 
in  entire  change.  Crossing  the  ocean  to  Maryland,  he  purchased  lands  in 
several  counties  in  that  province,  to  which  he  added  others  in  Delaware  and 
Virginia.  On  his  home  plantation  in  Cecil  county,  Maryland,  where  his 
eldest  son  George  was  born,  he  possessed  a  spacious  brick  mansion,  subse- 

1"  Read  Archives  and  Muniments,"  "  Burke's  Peerage  under  Reade  olim  Read, 
Bart,"  "  Burke's  General  Armory,"  "  Charles  Reade's  Sketch  of  his  Kinsman,  Chief 
Justice  John  Meredith  Read,  of  Pennsylvania,"  published  in  The  Graphic,  London, 
March  6,  1875;  republished  in  Magazine  of  American  History,  March,  1SS6. 



quently  destroyed  by  fire,  with  outbuildings  and  offices  and  comfortable 
quarters  for  his  slaves,  whom  he  treated  with  an  unvarying  humanity  which 
became  hereditary  in  his  family.  Groves  of  oak  grew  near  the  house,  and 
tulips  of  great  rarity  bloomed  in  the  gardens.  Jim  was  the  head  of  his  house 
servants,  as  Juba  was  the  head  of  those  in  the  next  generation.  The  product 
of  the  wheat  and  tobacco  plantations  were  dispatched  to  Philadelphia  and 
to  England,  and  found  their  way  back  in  various  attractive  and  practical 
shapes  for  the  use  of  the  household.  He  was  fond  of  field  sports,  and  the 
woods  rang  with  the  sound  of  his  dogs  and  his  guns.  He  was  both  hos- 
pitable and  generous.  He  gave  all  the  land  to  endow  the  churches  in  his 
vicinity,  both  in  Maryland  and  Delaware,  and  his  life  was  honorable  in  all  its 

Early  English  Silver  Tankard  which  belonged  to 
Colonel  John   Read   (1688-1756). 

relations.  Being  largely  interested  in  various  enterprises,  he  joined  a  few 
other  gentlemen  in  founding  the  city  of  Charlestown,  at  the  head-waters  of 
the  Chesapeake  Bay,  twelve  years  after  Baltimore  was  begun,  hoping  to 
make  it  a  great  commercial  mart  to  absorb  Northern  trade,  to  develop 
Northern  Maryland,  and  to  give  a  suitable  impetus  and  outlet  to  the  adjoin- 
ing forges  and  furnaces  of  the  Principio  Company,  in  which  his  friends,  the 
elder  generations  of  the  Washington  family,  and  eventually  General  Wash- 
ington himself,  were  deeply  interested.  Tradition  preserves  in  this  connection 
an  account  of  the  youthful  Major  Washington's  visit  to  Colonel  Read  at  the 
close  of  the  latter's  active  and  well-spent  life." 

As  one  of  the  original  proprietors  of  Charlestown,  John  Read  was 
appointed  by  the  Colonial  Legislature  one  of  the  commissioners  to  lay  out 
and  govern  the  new  town,  and  he  was  assiduous  in  his  attentions  to  these 

Read  of  Delaware. 


duties.  In  the  course  of  his  active  career  he  held  several  military  commis- 
sions, and  in  the  latter  part  of  his  life  he  resided  on  his  plantation  in  New- 
castle county,  Delaware,  where  he  died  June  15.  1756,  in  the  69th  year  of  his 
age,  and  was  buried  in  Newcastle  county. 

Colonel  John  Read  signed  his  will  on  the  day  of  his  death  (June  15,  1756), 
as  is  mentioned  in  an  indenture  some  35  years  later,  for  the  original  will 
was  carried  away  by  the  British  army  with  many  of  the  public  records  of 
Newcastle   county. 

Among  his  estates  in  Maryland  was  one  called  Kinsley,  which  he  pur- 
chased February  2,  1742,  from 
Jacob  Rogers,  of  London,  clerk, 
who  purchased  this  manorial 
grant  from  Lord  Baltimore,  Nov. 
20,  1735.  He  owned  several  other 
plantations  in  Cecil  county,  one  of 
which  he  called  Reads,  which  he 
purchased  February  9,  1755. 

Colonel  Read  embodied  the 
characteristics  which  have  distin- 
guished the  Read  family  for  many 
centuries  —  piety,  severe  integrity 
original  and  powerful  intellectual- 
ity, devotion  to  friends,  courtly  and 
fascinating  manners.  In  figure  he 
resembled  his  English  ancestors, 
being  fuller  in  form  than  the  ma- 
jority of  his  American  descend- 
ants. He  was  a  remarkably  hand- 
some man,  six  feet  in  height,  with 
a  ruddy  complexion  and  dark,  ex- 
pressive eyes,  and  was  noted  for 
his  physical  strength.  Adorned 
by  all  the  Christian  virtues  and 
bequeathing  to  his  descendants 
the  traditions  of  a  well  ordered 
life,  he  was  the  fitting  progenitor 
of  an  illustrious  line  of  statesmen, 
jurists,  soldiers,  sailors,  and  di- 
vines.    He  was  the  father  of  six 

sons  and  one  daughter,  who,  by  paternal  descent,  were  of  English  origin,  and 
by  maternal  ancestry  of  Welsh  blood.  Three  of  the  sons  afterward  were 
numbered  among  the  founders  and  fathers  of  the  United  States  —  George 
Read,  the  "  Signer ;"  Commodore  Thomas  Read  and  Colonel  James  Read. 
There  are  two  portraits  of  Colonel  John  Read.  One  represents  him  in  his 
youth  before  he  left  the  old  country,  and  in  the  striking  costume  of  the  reign 
of  Queen  Anne.  The  other  depicts  him  in  middle  life,  in  the  wig  and  dress 
of  the  time  of  George  II. 

After  a  long  period  of  single  life  his  early  sorrow  was  consoled  by  his 
marriage  with  Mary  Howell,  a  charming  young  Welsh  gentlewoman,  many 

Gravestone  of  Colonel  John  Read  (1688- 
1756).  in  the  Presbyterian  churchyard  at 
Christiana,   Del. 


Rossi  ana. 

years  his  junior,  who  was  as  energetic  and  spirited  as  she  was  attractive  and 
handsome.  She  was  a  descendant  of  the  Howells,  of  Caerleon,  County 
Monmouth,  but  her  immediate  ancestors  were  seated  in  the  neighborhood 
of  Caerphilly,  Glamorganshire.  Wales,  where  she  was  born  in  171 1.  and 
whence,  at  a  tender  age.  she  removed  with  her  parents  to  Delaware,  where 
her  father  was  a  large  planter,  and  her  uncle  was  one  of  the  founders  of 
Newark,  his  name  appearing  in  the  original  charter.  Twenty-three  years 
younger  than  her  husband.  Mrs.  Read  survived  him  nearly  thirty  years. 
Beautiful  in  person,  loyal  and  pious  in  all  her  acts,  she  possessed  rare  quali- 
ties of  mind  and  heart.     Like  her  husband,   she  had  great  powers  of  char- 

Reading   Table.   Silver   Candlesticks   and   Chair  of   Colonel 
John  Read  (1688-1756). 

acter,  and  ruled  her  establishment  after  his  death  with  a  firm  yet  benignant 
sway.  She  died  at  her  seat  in  Newcastle  county,  Delaware.  September  22, 
1784.  Mrs.  Read's  nephew.  Colonel  Richard  Howell,  was  a  distinguished 
Revolutionary  officer,  and  for  eight  years  Governor  of  New  Jersey.  He 
was  the  ancestor  of  Chief  Justice  Agnew,  of  Pennsylvania;  of  Verina  Howell, 
wife  of  Jefferson  Davis,  President  of  the  Southern  Confederacy,  and  of  Rear 
Admiral  John  dimming  Howell,  of  the  United  States  Navy,  who  distin- 
guished himself  in  the  War  of  the  Rebellion. 

Mary,  the  only  daughter  of  John  and  Mary  (Howell)  Read,  married 
Gunning  Bedford,  Sr..  who  was  a  lieutenant  in  the  war  against  the  French 
in  1755,  and  took  an  active  part  in  the  Revolutionary  struggle.  He  was 
commissioned  major  on  the  20th  of  March.  1775.  and  becoming  lieutenant- 
colonel  of  the  Delaware  Regiment  on  the   19th  of  January,   1776.  was  after- 

Read  of  Delaware.  269 

wards  wounded  at  the  battle  of  White  Plains  while  leading  his  men  to  the 
attack.  The  subjoined  cut  shows  the  sword  used  by  Gunning  Bedford  at 
White  Plains.  After  being  badly  wounded  in  the  sword  arm  he  was  removed 
from  the  field  by  his  men.     The  sword  which  had  belonged  to  his  father  and 

Sword  of  Gunning  Bedford. 

grandfather,  is  a  French  rapier  of  the  time  of  Charles  I  of  England.  Gunning 
Bedford  was  likewise  muster-master  general,  member  of  the  Continental 
Congress  and  Governor  of  Delaware.  Governor  and  Mrs.  Bedford  (nee 
Read)    left  no  issue. 


The  following  brief  pedigree  of  the  American  branch  of  the  Read  family 
is  taken  from  the  detailed  chart  prepared  by  General  Meredith  Read  in  1893 
to  which  has  been  added  much  later  material  derived  from  equally  reliable 
sources.  The  chart  in  question  not  only  gives  many  interesting  particulars 
concerning  the  American  branch,  but  is  also  complete  as  to  the  English  Reads, 
being  brought  down  in  detail  to  the  year  1893.  It  is  of  too  bulky  a  nature, 
however,  to  be  reproduced  entire  in  this  work: 

Colonel  John  Read  (b.  Jan.  15,  1688;  d.  June  15,  1756)  married  (April  16, 
1731)    Mary  Howell   (b.    1711;   d.   Sept.  22,   1784),  and  had — 

1.  George.     See  below. 

2.  William    (b.    1735;   d.   1763),  formerly  of  Philadelphia,  afterward 

of  Havana,  West  Indies,  where  he  was  assassinated  in  1763. 
He  married  Elizabeth  Chambers  and  had  a  daughter  Mary, 
who  married,  first,  Richard  Thomas,  and,  secondly,  Jesse 
Higgins.     No  children. 

3.  John,  planter,  of  Cecil  county,  Maryland  (b.  1737;  d.  1808),  who 

inherited  a  plantation  of  500  acres  and  a  mansion  from  his 
father.     He  was  unmarried. 

4.  Thomas    (b.   1740;  d.  Oct.  26,   1788)   married   (Sept.  7,  1779),  as 

second   husband,   Mary    Peale    (b.  March   8,    1743;   d.   Feb.   27, 

1816).   widow   of  Robert   Fields.  Xo   children. 
*>•     James.     See  below. 

6.  Andrew,    planter    of    Cecil    county,  Maryland,     where    he    died 

unmarried.  He  inherited  a  plantation  of  500  acres,  a  mansion 
and  two  mills  from  his  father. 

7.  Mary  (b.  1745;  d.  1820)   married,  in  1769,  Colonel  Gunning  Bed- 

ford (d.  Sept.  30,  1797).     No  issue. 
1.     Hon.  George  Read,  the  "  Signer"  (b.  Sept.  18,  1733;  d.  Sept.  21,  1798), 
married    (Jan.  11,  1763)   Gertrude  Ross    ( d.   Sept.  2,   1802),  daughter  of  Rev. 
George  Ross  and  granddaughter  of  David  Ross  of  Balblair.     They  had  — 

*■>•     John   (bapt.  Dec.  1,  1763;  d.  in  infancy).     Named  in  honor  of  his 
grandfather.  Colonel  John  Read.     The  fourth  son  received  the 
same  name,  and  consequently  seemed  to  take  the  place  of  his 
eldest  brother. 
9-     George.     See  below. 
10.     William.     See  below. 
11-     John.     See  below. 

270  Rossiana. 

12.  Mary.     See  belt  w. 

5.  Colonel  James  Read  (b.  1743;  d.  Dec.  31,  1822)  married  Susanne 
Correy,  July  9,  1770.     They  had  — 

13.  James   (b.  1783;  d.  Oct.  29.  1853.  unmarried). 

14.  Susanne.     See  below. 

15.  Anna  Correy  (d.  Dec.  3,  1847.  unmarried). 
16-     Other  issue  who  died  in  infancy. 

9.  Hon.  George  Read  (2d),  of  Delaware  (b.  Aug.  29,  1765;  d.  Sept.  3, 
1836),  married  Alary  Thompson,  his  first  cousin,  and  daughter  of  General 
William  Thompson,  on  Oct.  30.   1780.     They  had  — 

1 7.  George.     See  below. 

18.  William  Thompson'  (b.  Aug.  22,  1792;  d.  Jan.  27,  1873,  without 

issue).     He  married  Sallie  Latimer  Thomas. 

19.  Gunning  Bedford    (d.   1826,  unmarried). 

20.  Charles  d'Happert  (b.  Sept.,  1800;  d.  1834,  unmarried). 

21.  John   Dickinson    (!>.    Dec.   1803;  <1.   1831.  unmarried). 

22.  Catherine  Anne.     See  below. 

23.  Mary  Gertrude  (b.  1805;  bapt.  July  13.  1806). 

10.  Hon.  William  Read,  of  Philadelphia  (b.  Oct.  10,  1767;  d.  Sept.  25, 
1846),  third  son  of  lion.  George  Read,  the  "Signer,"  and  Gertrude  Ross,  his 
wife,  married  (Sept.  22.  1796)  Anne  McCall  (b.  May  2,  1773 ;  d.  July  17, 
[845  ).  and  had  — 

24.  H,»n.  George  Read   (b.  June  10,  1797;  d.  Mch.,  1889,  unmarried). 

25.  William  Archibald  (b.  Oct.   [9,  iXoo;  d.  in  1865,  unmarried). 
20.     John   (1).  Oct.   10.   [802;  d.  Sept.   19,   1846.  without  issue). 

27.  Samuel  McCall  (b.  Jan.  3.  1810;  d.  Aug.  30.  1S60).     Was  married, 

hut  died  without  issue. 

28.  Mary.     See  below. 

11.  Hon.  John  Read  (1>.  July  17.  1769;  d.  July  13,  1854),  fourth  son 
(second  of  the  name)  of  Hon.  George  Read,  the  "Signer."  and  Gertrude 
Ross,  his  wife,  married  (June  25.  1796)  Martha  Meredith  (b.  1773;  d.  Mch., 
iSif)  I,  and  had  — 

29.  John  Meredith.     See  below. 

30.  Edward   (b.  1799;  d.  in  infancy). 

31.  Henry  Meredith  (b.  Oct.  31,  1802;  d.  Mch.  16,  1828,  unmarried). 

32.  Margaret   .Meredith   (b.  May  6,  1800;  d.   1802). 

33.  Margaret   Meredith    ( h.   April  7.   1806;  d.  Mch.   13,   1854,  unmar- 


12.  Mary  Read  (b.  Sept.,  1770;  d.  Jan.  12,  1816),  only  daughter  of  Hon. 
George  Read,  the  "  Signer,"  married  Matthew  Pearce,  Esq.,  and  had  — 

34.  Henry  Ward   (b.   1788;   d.  in  infancy). 
:l~i.     Gunning  Bedford   (b.  1790;  d.  s.  p.). 
30.     Henry  Ward   (b.  1796). 

37.  William   ( d.  s.  p.). 

38.  Dr.   George  Read  married  Juliana  Ward  and  had  four  children. 

who    died    in    infancy.      She    married,    secondly,    Ambrose    C. 

Richardson,  Esq. 
3#.     Matthew  Carroll.     See  belozv. 
49.     David  Ross   (d.  s.  p.). 
44.     Anastatia  Gertrude  (b.  1792),  married  (1826)  Dr.  Allen  McLane 

(d.  Jan.   11,   1845.). 

Descendants  of  Col.   John   Read.  271 

42.  Mary  (b.  1794). 

43.  Emma. 

44.  Two  other  children,  who  died  in  infancy. 

14.  Susanne  Read  (b.  Dec.  25,  1776;  d.  Dec.  3,  1861),  daughter  of  Colonel 
James  Read  (5)  and  Susanne  Correy,  his  wife,  married  (March  17,  1803) 
Joachim  Frederic  Eckard  (d.  Sept.  14,  1837),  and  had  — 

45.  James  Read.     See  below. 

46.  Frederic   Simon    (b.   Aug.   28,   1807;   d.    1856),   married    (June  3, 

1845)    Elizabeth  X.  Kelly. 

47.  Mary  Read   ( b.  Dec.   17  1803;  d.  Dec.  22,  1823,  unmarried). 

17.  Hon.  George  Read  (3d),  eldest  son  of  Hon.  George  Read,  2d  (9),  and 
Mary  Thompson,  his  wife,  was  born  June  4,  1788;  d.  Nov.  1,  1837.  He 
married   (April  19,  1810)   Louisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey,  and  had  — 

48.  George,     See  below. 

49.  William.     See  below. 

50.  J.  Dorsey,  who  married  Maria  Chapman. 

51.  Marian  Murray.     See  below. 

52.  Louisa  Gertrude,  married  Captain  B.  K.  Pierce,  and  died  in  1840, 

without  issue. 

53.  Annie  Dorsey.     See  below. 

54.  Caroline.     See  below. 

55.  Julia  Rush,  married  Major-Gen.  Samuel  Jones  (b.  1820;  d.  July  31, 

1887),  and  had  one  daughter,  Emily  Read,  who  was  unmarried. 
.16.     Emily    (unmarried). 
22.     Catherine  Anne  Read  (b.  1794;  d.  1826),  daughter  of  Hon.  George 
Read,   2d    (9),  and   Mary  Thompson,  his  wife,  married    (June   18,   1812)    Dr. 
Allan   McLane   (b.   1786;  d.  Jan.   11,   1845)   and  had 

57.  Julia.     See  below* 

58.  Samuel   ( d.  aet.   17). 

58a.  Allan,  who  married  and  had  three  children. 

58b.  Mary,     who     married     Thomas     Veazey     Ward.      (See     "  Ward 

Family."  p.  378.) 
58c.  George  who  married  Mary  Ashmead. 

28.  Mary  Read  (b.  June  16,  1799;  d.  July  7,  1875),  only  daughter  of 
Hon.  William  Read  (10)  and  Anne  McCall,  his  wife,  married  (1827)  Cole- 
man Fisher  (b.  1793;  d.  March  4,  1857)  and  had  — 

59.  Coleman  P.    (d.  unmarried). 

60.  William  Read   (b.   1832;  living,  unmarried,  1893). 

61.  Elizabeth  Rhodes    (d.   1877),  married  Eugene  A.  Livingston    (d. 

Dec.  22,  1893). 

62.  Sally  West. 

63.  Mary  Read. 

29.  Hon.  John  Meredith  Read  (b.  July  21,  1797;  d.  Nov.  29,  1874),  eldest 
son  of  Hon.  John  Read  (n)  and  Martha  Meredith,  his  wife,  married,  first 
(March  18,  1828),  Priscilla  Marshall  (b.  Dec.  19,  1808;  d.  April  18,  1841), 
daughter  of  Hon.  Josiah  Marshall;  secondly  (1855),  Amelia  Thomson  (b. 
181 1  ;  d.  Sept.  14,  1886).     By  his  first  wife  John  Meredith  Read  had  — 

*The  author  is  indebted  to  Miss  Ross  Read  Lockwood,  of  Washington,  D.  C,  a 
granddaughter  of  Dr.  McLane,  for  valuable  information  concerning  the'  descendants  of 
Dr.    Allan   McLane   and    Catherine  Anne   Read,  his   wife.     (See  page   274.) 

272  Rossi  ana. 

64.  John  Meredith.     See  below. 

65.  Emily    Marshall    (b.    Jan.    5.    1829;    d.    April   20,    1854).   married 

(June  13,  [849)  William  Henry  Hyde  and  had  one  daughter, 
Emma  (b.  Nov.  iN.  1N52;  d.  April  16,  1880,  s.  p.),  who  mar- 
ried lion.  George  \Y.  Wurts.  William  Henry  Hyde  married, 
secondly.  Miss  Fleming. 

66.  Mary    (1>.    [83O;   d.    [831). 

67.  Mary    (1».    [83 1 ;   d.    May.    [833). 

68.  Priscilla  (b.  1833;  d.  [835). 

39.  Matthew  Carroll  Pearce,  son  of  Matthew  Pearce  and  Mary  Read 
(12),  daughter  of  Hon.  George  Read,  the  "Signer."  married  Elizabeth 
Jeanette  Groome.  by  whom  he  had  — 

69.  Henry  Ward  (  d.  s.  p.). 

70.  John  Groome  ( d.  s.  p. ). 

71.  Matthew  Carroll   (  d.  s.  p.). 

72.  I  li'nry  ( Iroome    (  d.   S.   p.  I . 

73.  I'M  ward  Ward   (  d.  s.  p.). 

\  Elizabeth  [eannette  /      .        ,     ,     .  . 

74.  ;   .  .      „  .     ■  twins    (both  d.  s.  p.). 
/  Anastasia  <  rertrude  \ 

75.  Mary   Wallace,  married   Dr.   Andrew  Binney  Mitchell. 

76.  Elizabeth  Jeannette.     See  below. 

77.  Ellen  M.  J.   (living,  unmarried.    [893). 

45.     Rev.  James  Read  Eckard   (b.   Nov.  22,  [805;  d.   Mch.   12.   1X87),  son 

of  Joachim  Frederic  Eckard  and  Susanne  Read  (14),  daughter  of  Colonel 
James  Read  (5)  and  Susanne  Correy,  his  wife,  married  (May  26,  1833) 
Margaret  Esther  Bayard  (b.  Oct.  18,  1N10;  d.  Feb.  29,  1N72)  and  had  — 

78.  James    (  h.    Feb.    10.    [838;   d.   Sept.  26,    1X41)). 

79.  Leighton  Wilson.    See  below. 

80.  Jane  Elizabeth   (b.  August    15,  [834;  d.   [894,  unmarried). 

81.  Anna    Maria    (b.    Feb.   8,    [840),   married    (1881)    Dr.    Charles   L. 


82.  Mary   Kelly. 

83.  Anna    Read     (b.     1N4N).    married    Dr.    Algernon    S.    Uhler,    and 

had  one  son,  Algernon  S.,  posthumously  born. 

84.  Elizabeth. 

85.  Two  other  children,  who  died  in  infancy. 

48.  George  Read,  4th  (b.  Oct.  16,  1812;  d.  July  22,  1859),  son  of  Hon. 
George  Read.  3d  (17),  and  Louisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey,  his  wife,  married  (Nov. 
9,   [843)   Susan  Chapman,  and  had  — 

86.  George.     See  below. 

87.  William   Thompson    (b.    Oct.    7,    1857),   married    (Jan.    7,    1879) 

Antonio  Sanders. 

88.  Marian     ( b.    Feb.    3,    1853),    married     (Nov.    10,    1880)     M.    F. 

Carleton,  and  had  four  children  —  George,  who  married  Emma 
Anderson;  Marian,  who  married  Hamilton  Frank;  Jessie  and 

89.  Five  other  children  who  died  s.  p. 

-19.  William  Read  (b.  April  24,  1S2.3;  d.  1884),  son  of  Hon.  George 
Read,  3d  (17),  and  Louisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey,  his  wife,  married  M.  E.  Beale. 
and   had  — 

90.  George,  married  Alice  Dickson. 

Descendants  of  Col.  John  Read.  273 

91.  William  Thompson. 

92.  Emily  Truxtun,   married   General   M.   C.  Goodrell   and   had  two 

children       Truxtun*  and  Marie. 
0:J.      .Mary   Anna,   married  J.   Bates  and   had   three  children. 

04.  Gertrude    Parker,    who  married    Paul    Randolph. 

05.  Blair  Beale. 

96.     Edith     Ross,     who     married     E.     K.     Brodhead     and     had     three 
51.     Marian    Murray   Read    (b.   Feb..   1811;   d.   1857;,  daughter  of   Hon. 

George    Read,  3d    (I/),   and   Louisa    Ridgeley    Horsey,    his    wife,   married   Gen- 
eral James  C,   Martin,  and  had  — 

07.  William    Bruce,    who    married     Elizabeth     Stark,    and    had    five 

children  —  Elizabeth,  James,  Lida,  Marianne  and  George  Read. 

08.  James,    who    married    Annie    Davis,    and    had    two    daughters  — 

Esther   and   Annie.      Esther  married    Frank    MetZ,  and   has  two 
00.     Annie   II.   Martin    (lives  in  Ashevillej. 
KM).     Marian,    who    married    Samuel    Tennent,    and    had     (1893)     one 
daughter  —  Annie  Martin. 
58.     Annie  Dorsey   Read   (b.   1818),  daughter  of   Hon.  George  Read,  3d 
(17),  and   Louisa   Ridgeley    Horsey,  his  wife,  married  Captain    Isaac  S.    Keith 
Reeves,  and  had  — 

101.  Marian  Calhoun   Legare   (b.   1054). 

102.  Annie    Horsey.     See  below. 

103.  Caroline  Emily.    See  below. 

104.  I.    S.    Keith,    who   married    Henrietta   Young,   and  had — Marian, 

who    married    Dr.    Sidney    Scott,   and    has    two   children;    I.    S. 

Keith,  who  married  Margaret   Hoblitzell,  and  had  two  children; 

Joan,  who  married  Dr.  Frank   Duffy;  Joseph,  unmarried. 
54.    Caroline  Read  (b.  [820;  d.  Sept.  26,  1884))  daughter  of  Hon.  George 
Read,   3d    (17),   and    Louisa    Ridgeley    Dorsey,   his   wife,   married    (March    31, 
[840)   Major-General  William  H.  French  (b.  Jan.  13,  1815;  d.  May  20,  1881), 
and  had  — 

105.  Frank  Sands   (b.   1841 ;  d.  Sept.  4,   [865,  unmarried). 

100.     William  (b.  July  17,  1844),  who  married  (1879)  Emily  Ott,  and 

had  twelve  children. 
107.      Halverson    (d.   unmarried). 

♦Truxtun   Goodrell,    Esq.,   of  Cherokee,    Iowa,   a  descendant    of    lion.    George   Read,   the 
Signer,  writes  as  follows  to  the  compiler,  under  date  of  September,   1908: 
My  maternal  grandfather  was  William   Read,  son  of  George  Read,  3d.    lie  graduated  from 

West    Point,   and   was   a   first  lieutenant,    i    .    S.    A.,   in   the   Mexican    war;   married    Mary   Eliza 

Beale,  daughter  of  George  Beale,  paymaster  I '.  S.  N.  (who  received   a   medal   from  Congress 
for  gallantry   in   action),   and    In-   wife,    Emily  Truxtun,   daughter   of   Commodore   'I  1 
Truxtun,  who  received  a  vote  of  thanks  from  Congress  and  a  (  ongressional  medal   for  his 

victory   over  the    French   fleet   in   1800.      His   mother   was    Kathciinc    Von    llrond. 
William    Read  had  the  following  children: 

1.     George     Beale     Read,     who    married     Alice     Dickson     and     had     two    children  — 

George   Beale   Read,  Jr.,  and   Alii'     Read. 
U.     Emily     Truxtun     Read,     my     mother,     who     married     Brigadier-General     Mancil 
(lav   Goodrell.     His  father  was    Hon.    Stewart    Goodrell,   of   Iowa,    whose 
father  was   Rev.   George   Goodrell,   and   his   grandfather   was   George    Good- 
rell,  a   captain    of  artillery    under   General    Washington. 
;$.    William  Thompson   Read. 

4.     Gertrude   Parker  Read,  who  married   Paul   Randolph. 
K.     F.   P.    Pdair   Read. 

<>.     Edith    Ross    Read,    who    married    Elher    Howe    lirodhead,    whose    children    are: 
Beale,  Truxtun  and  Elber   Howe  Brodhead. 
Mrs.    Brodhead  lives  in  Parksburgh,  Pa.     All  the  rest   of  William   Read's  children   make 
their   homes  in   Washington,   D.   C,  and   his  grandchildren   all   live   there   except   myself. 

274  Rossiana. 

108.  George  Ross   (b.  July  8,  1857),  who  married   (March  26,   1885) 

Elizabeth  H.  Findlay,  and  had  one  son  —  Findlay  French. 

109.  Annie  Read  (b.  May  23,  1853),  married  (May  24,  1875)   Captain 

John  L.  Clem   (b.  1853),  U.  S.  A.,  and  had  one  son,  John  L., 
who  married  Elizabeth  Benton. 

110.  Rosalie    (b.   June   4,    1861),   married    Lieutenant    John    Conklin. 

U.  S.  A.,  and  had  one  son  —  John. 
57.     Julia    McLane    (b.    Feb.    21,   1818;    d.    Nov.   21,    1880),    daughter   of 
Catherine  Anne  Read  (22)  and  Dr.  Allan  McLane,  married  (Oct.  20,  1840) 
Dr.  John  Alexander  Lockwood  (b.  1812),  and  had  — 

111.  John  Alexander  Lockwood  (b.  Oct.  30,  1856). 

112.  Mary  Angela   (b.  Sept.  14,  1841  ;  unmarried,  1893). 

113.  Katharine  Read  (b.  Oct.  1,  1843;  unmarried,  1893). 

114.  Edith.     See  below. 

115.  Sally  Read  (b.  Oct.  3,  1849;  d.  Aug.  10,  1850). 

116.  Florence.    'See  below. 

117.  Ross  Read  (b.  Sept.  22,  1859). 

64.  General  John  Meredith  Read  (b.  Feb.  21,  1837;  d.  Dec.  27,  1896), 
son  of  Hon.  John  Meredith  Read  (29)  and  Priscilla  Marshall,  his  wife, 
married  (April  7,  1859)  Delphine  Marie,  daughter  of  Harmon  Pumpelly, 
and  had  — 

118.  Harmon  Pumpelly   (b.  July  13,   i860),  married   (Aug.  24,  1889) 

Catherine  Marguerite  de  Carron  d'Allondans  (b.  Aug.  5,  1866). 
No  children. 

119.  John    Meredith    (b.   Jan.    27,    1869),   married    Countess    Alix   de 

Foras,  and  has  one  son,  John  Meredith  Read. 

120.  Emily   Meredith   (b.  Jan.  6,  1863),  married,  first  (Aug.  21,  1884) 

Hon.  Francis  Aquila  Stout    (d.  July  18,   1892),  and,  secondly, 
Edwards  Spencer,  Esq.     No  children. 

121.  Marie  Delphine  Meredith  (b.  May  9,  1873),  married  Count  Max 

de  Foras,  and  has  three  children  —  Countess  Huguette,  Countess 
Delphine  and  Count  Joseph. 
76.     Elizabeth  Jeaxxette  Pearce,  daughter  of  Matthew   Carroll  Pearce 
(39)  and  Elizabeth  Jeannette  Groome,  his  wife,  married  Clinton  McCullough, 
Esq.,  and  had  — 

122.  Clinton  (b.  Dec.  8,  1876). 

123.  Matthew  Pearce   (b.  Oct.  13,  1878). 

124.  Hiram  (b.  Sept.  8,  1880). 

125.  Groome   (b.  Dec.   10,  1882). 

79.  Rev.  Leighton  Wilson  Eckard  (b.  Sept.  23,  1845),  second  son  of 
Rev.  James  Read  Eckard  (45)  and  Margaret  Esther  Bayard,  his  wife, 
married   (June  3,  1869)    Elizabeth  Abbot  Longstreth,  and  had  — 

126.  James  Mcintosh  Longstreth  (b.  May  23,  1870). 

127.  Bayard  Gelston   (b.  Dec.  25,  1878). 

128.  Esther  Longstreth  (b.  Aug.  27,  1872),  married  (1894) Reeder. 

129.  Helen  Nevins  (b.  Feb.  17,  1876). 

130.  Jane  Louise    (b.  June  26,   1882). 

86.  George  Read,  5th  (b.  Feb.  9,  1847),  son  of  George  Read,  4th  (48),  and 
Susan  Chapman,  his  wife,  married  (April  15,  1878)  Susan  E.  Salmons,  and 
had  — 

131.  George    (d.  in  infancy). 

Descendants  of  Col.  John  Read.  275 

132.  Cleveland   (b.  July  4,   1884). 

133.  Alice  (b.  Feb.  15,  1880). 
133  Vz.     Gertrude. 

102.  Annie  Dorsey  Reeves,  daughter  of  Captain  Isaac  S.  K.  Reeves  and 
Annie  Dorsey  Read  (53),  his  wife,  married  Hon.  John  H.  Rodney,  and  had  — 

134.  Georges  Brydges,  who  married  Nesfield  Cotchette  and  had  a  son, 

George   Brydges. 

135.  Annie   Read,   who   married   Frank   de   H.   Janvier   and   had   two 

children  —  Frank  Darrough  and  Margaret. 

136.  Keith  Reeves,  who  married  Matilda  Walton  and  had  a  daughter, 


137.  John   H.,   Jr.    (unmarried). 

138.  Sarah   Duval,   who   married   Captain  A.  V.   Faulkner,  U.   S.   A., 

and  had  a  daughter,  Annie  Dorsey. 

139.  Dorsey    (unmarried). 

140.  James,  who  married  Louise  Everett  and  had  a  daughter,  Louise. 
140a.     Richard    Seymour    (unmarried). 

103.  Caroline  E.  Reeves,  daughter  of  Captain  Isaac  S.  K.  Reeves  and 
Annie  Dorsey  Read  (53),  his  wife,  married  William  S.  Potter,  and  had  — 

141.  Carolyn   Reeves,   who   married  Rev.   Wyllys   Rede   and   had  two 

sons     and    three     daughters,    George    Ross,     Kenneth,    Emily, 
Carolyn  Wyllys,  Marion. 

142.  Dorsey  Read,  who  married  May  Wheat  and  had  —  May,  William 

S.  and  Florence  Allen    (d.  inf.). 

143.  Marian  Legare. 

144.  Annie   Dorsey.   who   married  Frank  J.   Taylor  and   had  —  Anna 

Margaret,  Carolyn   Reeves  and  Frank  J. 

145.  William    Walk,    who    married    Mabel    Dunham    and    had    five 


146.  Emily  Read,  who  married  William  F.  Alexander  and  had  two 

sons  —  Richard  A.  and  William  Fontaine. 

147.  Julia  Ross  (unmarried). 
147a.  Nathaniel  (unmarried). 
147b.     Knight   (unmarried). 

114.  Edith  Lockwood  (b.  Aug.  29,  1845),  daughter  of  Dr.  John 
Alexander  Lockwood  and  Julia  McLane  (57),  his  wife,  married  (May  16, 
1871)   Edward  William  Sturdy    (b.   Sept.  18,   1845).  and  had — 

148.  Edward  William    (b.  Mch.  3,  1872;  d.  Aug.  9,  1872). 

149.  Henry  Francis   (b.  Nov.  17.   1884). 

150.  Julia  McLane.     See  below. 

151.  Edith  Rhoda  (b.  Nov.  10,  1875). 

116.  Florence  Lockwood  (b.  April  26,  1853),  daughter  of  Dr.  John  Alex- 
ander Lockwood  and  Julia  McLane  (57),  his  wife,  married  (Feb.  17,  1878) 
Captain  Charles  Alfred  Booth   (b.  1841),  U.  S.  A.,  and  had  — 

152.  William  Chatfield   (b.  Jan.   12,   1879). 

153.  Mary  Louise   (b.  July  24,  1880). 

150.  Julia  McLane  Sturdy  (b.  Jan.  29,  1873),  daughter  of  Edward  Wil- 
liam Sturdy  and  Edith  Lockwood  (114),  his  wife,  married  Hardee  Cham- 
bliss  and  had  — 

154.  Joseph  Hardee. 

155.  John  Alexander  Lockwood. 

156.  Hardee. 


The  following  account  of  the  American  Read  family,  descendants  of 
Colonel  John  Read,  is  in  the  main  derived  from  the  "  History  of  Dela- 
ware," and  was  written  by  General  Meredith  Read,  but  the  author  and  com- 
piler has  added  much  interesting  material  to  the  original  account: 


George     Read    was,    in    a    peculiar    sense,    the     father    of    the    State    of 

Delaware,     for    he     was     the    author     of     her     first     Constitution     in     1776, 

and    of    the    first    edition    of    her    laws.     He    figured    in     her    Assembly    no 

less   than    twelve   years,    was    Vice-President  of  the   State,   and   at  one  time 

her    acting    chief    magistrate,      He    penned    the    address     from     Delaware    to 

the    King,    which    Lord    Shelbourne   said    so    impressed   George    III.   that   he 

read    it    over    twice.      lie    is    the    most    conspicuous    figure    in    the    Delaware 

record,  for   Thomas    McKean  and  John   Dickinson   were   more   closely   allied 

to    Pennsylvania    than    to    Delaware;    and    while 

Caesar    I\odne\    was  prominent  in   the  time  of  the 

Declaration,     and     afterwards     as     President     of 

Delaware,  his  premature  death   in    1783  cut   short 

his    career.     In     person.     Read     was     tall,     slight, 

graceful,    with   a    finely-shaped   head,   strong,   hut 

refined    features,    and    dark-brown,    lustrous    eyes. 

His    manners    were    dignified,    and    he    could    not 

tolerate     the     -lightest     familiarity,    hut     he     was 

most    courteous,    and    at    times    captivating;    and 

he    dressed    with    the    most    scrupulous    care    and 

elegance.     lie    was    one    of    the    two    statesmen, 

and    the    only    Southern    statesman,    who    signed 

^SO.^&tfJ)  8£3iU<?J\S      all  three  of  the  great  State  papers  on  which  our 

T,  TT         ..  history    is    based  —  the    original    petition    to    the 

Bookplate    of    Hon.    (ieorge  .  . 

Read,  the  "  Signer."  King   of   the   Congress    of    1774,   the    Declaration 

of  Independence  and  the  Constitution  of  the 
United  States.  He  was  the  eldest  son  of  Colonel  John  Read,  of  Maryland 
and  Delaware,  .and  was  born  em  the  18th  of  September,  1733,  on  one  of  the 
family  estates  in  Cecil  county.  .Maryland.  After  receiving  a  classical  educa- 
tion under  Dr.  Francis  Allison,  he  studied  law,  and  was  called  to  the  bar  at 
the  age  of  nineteen  in  the  city  of  Philadelphia,  and  in  1754  removed  to  New 
Castle,  Delaware,  in  which  province  the  family  also  had  important  landed 

On  the  nth  of  January.  1763,  he  married  Gertrude,  daughter  of  the 
Rev.  George  Ross,  for  nearly  fifty  years  rector  of  Emmanuel  Church,  New 
Castle,  a  vigorous  pillar  of  the  Established  Church  in  America.     Mrs.  Read's 

'    '  " 





George  Read,  the  "  Signer."  277 


rother,   John   Ross,   had   been   attorney-general   under   the   crown.     Another  *vJy^" 
brother,  the  Rev.   .Eneas  Ross,  became  celebrated  as  the  author  of  eloquent  A  s/^s*^***" 
and   patriotic   sermons    during   the   Revolution;    while    still    another   brother,    tJif,&  •/1 
beorge   Ross,    was    an    eminent    judge    and   a    signer   of   the    Declaration    of     /i^s^ka-v* 

Having  been  appointed  attorney-general  under  the  crown  at  the  early  age 
of  twenty-nine,  Mr.  Read  felt  it  to  be  his  duty,  as  a  friend  to  the  mother 
country,  to  warn  the  British  government  of  the  danger  of  attempting  to 
tax  the  colonies  without  giving  them  direct  representation  in  Parliament, 
and  in  his  correspondence  with  his  friend,  Sir  Richard  Neave,  afterwards 
governor  of  the  Bank  of  England,  he  gave  utterance,  eleven  years  before  the 
Declaration  of  Independence,  to  the  remarkable  prophecy  that  a  continuance 
in  this  mistaken  policy  would  lead  to  independence  and  eventually  to  the 
colonies  surpassing  England  in  her  staple  manufactures.  Finding  no  mani- 
festation of  change  in  the  position  towards  the  colonies,  he  resigned  the 
attorney-generalship,  and  accepted  a  seat  in  the  First  Congress,  which  met 
at  Philadelphia  in  1774.  He  still,  however,  hoped  for  reconciliation,  and  he 
voted  against  the  motion  for  independence.  But  he  finally  signed  the  Declara- 
tion of  Independence  when  he  found  there  was  no  hope,  and  henceforward 
was  the  constant  originator  and  ardent  supporter  of  measures  in  behalf  of  the 
national  cause.  He  was  president  of  the  Constitutional  Convention  in  1776, 
and  the  author  of  the  first  Constitution  of  Delaware  and  of  the  first  edition 
of  her  laws.  In  1782  he  was  appointed  by  Congress  a  judge  in  the  national 
Court  of  Appeals  in  Admiralty.  Three  years  later  Congress  made  him  one 
of  the  commissioners  of  a  federal  court  to  determine  an  important  contro- 
versy in  relation  to  territory  between  New  York  and  Massachusetts.  Tn  1786 
he  was  a  delegate  to  the  convention  which  met  at  Annapolis,  Maryland,  and 
he  took  an  active  part  in  those  proceedings  which  culminated  in  the  calling 
together,  in  1787,  of  the  convention  in  Philadelphia  which  framed  the  Con- 
stitution of  the  United  States.  In  this  august  body  he  was  also  a  prominent 
figure,  especially  in  his  able  advocacy  of  the  rights  of  the  smaller  States  to  a 
proper  representation  in  the  Senate.  Immediately  after  the  adoption  of  the 
Constitution,   which   Delaware,   largely   under  his   direction,   was   the   first   to 

Professor  George  Otis  Holbrooke,  for  many  years  professor  at  Trinity  College, 
Hartford,  on  the  occasion  of  the  birthday  of  George  Read,  The  Signer,  wrote  the 
following    unpublished   verses   and   sent   them    to   the   author: 

GEORGE    READ.    THE    "  SIGNER." 

Son    of    the    old    world,    founder    of    the    new, 

Calm  and  serene  he  stemmed  life's  troubled  sea. 
What  glowing  pageants  passed  before  his  view  — 

Courts,   revolutions   and   a   state   to   be. 
Prophetic,  clear,  they  gaze  upon   us   still. 

Those   thoughtful   eyes   that  haunt   the   ancient   frame 
To   stir   the   soul   and   conscience,   and   to   thrill 

Their    hearts    who    should    inherit    his    pure    fame. 
Noble    the    golden    counsels    which    he    traced 

Upon    the    legal    temple    of    his    age; 
Noblest   of  all   the  honored   name   he   placed 

Upon   the    Declaration's   tragic   page. 



ratify,  he  was  elected  to  the  Senate  of  the  United  States.  At  the  expiration 
of  his  term  he  was  re-elected.  He  resigned  in  1793,  and  accepted  the  office 
of  chief  justice  of  Delaware,  which  he  filled  until  his  death,  on  the  21st  of 
September,  1798.  Chief  Justice  Read  commanded  public  confidence,  not 
only  from  his  profound  legal  knowledge,  sound  judgment  and  impartial 
decisions,  but  from  his  severe  integrity  and  estimable  private  character. 
Those  who  differed  from  him  in  opinion  believed  that  he  was  acting  from  a 
sense  of  duty,  and  declared  that  there  was  not  a  dishonest  fibre  in  his  heart 
nor  an  element  of  meanness  in  his  soul.  He  left  three  distinguished  sons. 
George  Read,  second,  for  thirty  years  United  States  district  attorney  of 
Delaware;  William  Read,  consul-general  of  the  kingdom  of  Naples,  and 
John  Read,  Senator  of  Pennsylvania ;  and  one  daughter,  Mary  Read,  who 
married  Colonel  Matthew  Pearce,  of  Poplar  Neck,  Cecil  County,  Maryland. 
George  Read,  the  signer,  was  an  ardent  member  of  the  Church  of  England 

Silver  Service  which  Belonged  to  George  Read. 

the   "  Signer." 

and  afterwards  of  the  American  Episcopal  Communion,  and  for  many  years 
one  of  the  wardens  of  Emmanuel  Church,  New  Castle ;  and  he  lies  in  that 
beautiful  and  quiet  churchyard,  where  seven  generations  of  the  Read  family 

The  colonial  Read  mansion,  on  the  west  bank  of  Delaware  Bay,  in  New 
Castle,  in  which  George  Read,  the  signer,  lived  and  died,  was  the  scene  of 
elegant  hospitality  for  many  long  years.  Here  the  leading  magnates  of  the 
colonies  were  entertained  before  the  Revolution,  and  within  its  hospitable 
walls  were  gathered  from  time  to  time  groups  of  fashionable  friends  from 
the  different  parts  of  the  South,  as  well  as  from  Philadelphia,  Annapolis  and 
Xew  York.  Washington  and  many  of  the  native  and  foreign  Revolutionary 
generals  and  all  the  foremost  statesmen  of  the  republic  slept  under  its  roof- 
tree,  and  enjoyed  the  courtly  hospitalities  of  its  owners.  A  portion  of  this 
mansion  was  destroyed  by  fire  in  1824.  but  it  was  restored  and  is  still  stand- 
ing on  the  Delaware  front  in  New  Castle.  It  was  one  of  the  finest  family 
residences  in  the  South.     In  the  extensive  sardens  about   it  grew  venerable 

George  Read, 

the  "  Signer, 


box,  cut  in  fantastic  shapes,  and  tulips  of  the  greatest  variety  and  beauty, 
this  being  the  favorite  flower  of  the  family  —  as  the  oak  was  its  favorite 
tree.  In  the  rear  of  the  extensive  offices  and  out-buildings  were  the  quarters 
of  the  slaves  —  that  is.  of  the  house  servants,  the  field-hands  being  on  the 
outlying  plantations  and  at  Mr.  Read's  country-seat,  farther  south  on  the 
Delaware  shore.  George  Read  was  a  man  not  only  of  the  highest  integrity, 
but  of  the  greatest  liberality,  and  he  gave  so  generously  both  his  time  and  his 
money  to  the  service  of  his  country  that  the  aggregate  dispensed  amounted 
to  a  very  large  sum  of  money  for  that  day.  George  Read  was  a  man  who 
gathered  about  him  a  large  circle  of  warm  friends  who  looked  up  to  him  for 

Read   Mansion  on  Delaware   Bay,   Newcastle,   Del.,  in  Colonial  Days.     Residence  of 
Hon.  George  Read,  the  "  Signer." 

guidance  and  advice.  One  of  the  most  notable  proofs  of  his  own  devotion 
to  friendship  was  the  proof  which  he  gave  of  his  enduring  affection  for  John 
Dickinson.  The  latter,  having  not  only  opposed  but  refused  to  sign  the 
Declaration  of  Independence,  thereby  lost  his  popularity  entirely.  But 
through  the  friendship  and  political  and  personal  influence  of  George  Read 
he  was  after  a  time  restored  to  public  life,  became  President  successively 
of  the  States  of  Delaware  and  Pennsylvania,  and  afterwards  one  of  the  dele- 
gates to  the  convention  which  framed  the  Constitution  of  the  United  States. 
There  are  at  least  three  original  portraits  of  George  Read,  of  Delaware. 
One  is  by  Gilbert  Stuart,  another  by  Robert  Edge  Pine,  and  a  third  by 
Trumbull,    in    the    historical    painting    "  The    Declaration    of    Independence," 

280  Rossiana. 

which  is  in  the  Capitol  at  Washington.  He  figures  prominently  also  in 
various  other  historical  pictures, —  among  others,  "The  Signing  of  the  Con- 
stitution of  the  United  States,"  by  Rossiter,  and  in  a  "  Dinner  at  General 
Washington's  to  George  Read,  of  Delaware,"  by  M.  Armand  Dumaresq. 
The  latter  was  painted  for  General  Meredith  Read,  the  great  grandson  of 
George  Read,  and  a  copy  taken  by  permission  of  the  owner  is  in  the  posses- 
sion of  William  Astor,  Esq.,  of  New  York.  The  principal  personages  repre- 
sented are  General  and  Mrs.  Washington,  Chief  Justice  Read,  the 
Marquis  de  Lafayette  and  Richard  Henry  Lee.  Monsieur  Dumaresq  had 
previously  sketched  the  portraits  in  the  Trumbull  collection  at  New  Haven. 
George  Read  is  also  an  important  figure  in  "  The  Dinner  Club  of  the  Con- 
gress of  1775,"  also  painted  for  General  Meredith  Read  by  M.  Armand 
Dumaresq.  The  correspondence  of  George  Read  has  preserved  the  memory 
of  this  interesting  and  select  social  gathering.  It  was  composed  of  the 
following  eight  members  (who  dined  together  every  day,  except  Sunday), 
viz..  Randolph,  Lee.  Washington  and  Harrison  of  Virginia.  Chase  of  Mary- 
land, Rodney  and  Read  of  Delaware,  and  Alsop  of  New  York. 


Commodore  Thomas  Read,  the  first  naval  officer  who  obtained  the  rank 
of  commodore  in  command  of  an  American  fleet,  was  a  brave  soldier,  daring 
navigator  and  discoverer.  He  was  the  son  of  Colonel  John  Read,  of  Mary- 
land and  Delaware,  and  the  brother  of  George  Read,  of  Delaware,  the 
signer,  and  Colonel  James  Read,  who  was  at  the  head  of  the  Navy  Depart- 
ment during  the  Revolution.  He  was  born  at  the  family-seat,  New  Castle 
County,  Delaware,  in  1740,  and  was  married,  on  the  7th  of  September,  1779. 
to  Mrs.  Mary  Field,  nee  Peale,  at  his  seat,  White  Hill,  near  Bordentown, 
New  Jersey,  by  his  friend,  the  Rev.  William  White,  chaplain  of  the  Con- 
tinental Congress,  afterwards  the  first  Protestant  Episcopal  Bishop  of 

On  the  23d  of  October,  1775.  at  the  early  age  of  thirty-five,  he  was  made 
Commodore  of  the  Pennsylvania  navy,  and  had  as  his  fleet  surgeon  Dr.  Ben- 
jamin Rush,  subsequently  one  of  the  signers  of  the  Declaration  of  Independ- 
ence. In  the  following  year  he  made  a  successful  defense  of  the  Delaware, 
and  Captains  Souder,  Jackson,  Potts  and  Charles  Biddle  gallantly  volunteered 
under  him  at  that  moment  as  seamen  before  the  mast.  On  the  7th  of  June, 
1776,  he  was  appointed  to  the  highest  grade  in  the  Continental  navy,  and 
was  assigned  to  one  of  the  four  largest  ships  —  the  32-gun  frigate  "George 
Washington,"  then  being  built  in  the  Delaware.  In  October  of  the  same  year 
Congress  regulated  the  rank  of  the  officers  of  the  navy,  and  he  stood  sixth 
on  the  list.  His  ship  being  still  on  the  stocks,  he  volunteered  for  land 
service,  and  on  the  2d  of  December,  1776,  the  Committee  of  Safety  directed 
him,  with  his  officers,  to  join  General  Washington.  He  gave  valuable 
assistance  in  the  celebrated  crossing  of  the  Delaware  by  Washington's  army, 
and  at  the  battle  of  Trenton  commanded  a  battery  composed  of  guns  taken 
from  his  own  frigate,  which  raked  the  stone  bridge  across  the  Assanpink. 
For  this  important  service  he  received  the  thanks  of  all  the  general  officers. 
as  stated  in  the  letter  of  the  14th  of  January,  1777.  written  to  his  wife  by  his 
brother,  Colonel  James  Read,  who  was  near  him  during  the  battle. 



Commodore  Thomas  Read. 


After  much  service  by  land  and  by  sea  he  resigned,  and  retired  to  h,  seat 
White  Hill,  where  he  dispensed  a  constant  hospitality,  especial ly  to  his  old 
as  0    ates  in  the  Order  of  the  Cincinnati,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the  original 

c    ,  His  friend  Robert  Morris,  the  financier  of  the  Revolution   having 

h,  ed  his  old  frigate,  "the  Alliance."  induced  Commodore  Read  to  ake 
ommmd  of  her,  and  to  make  a  joint  adventure  to  the  Chinese  seas  and  an 
out  of  season  pa  sage  to  China,  never  before  attempted.  Taking  with  him  as 
ZltsloZrZ  oi  his  old  subordinates,  Richard  Dale,  afterwards  the  com- 
edo in  command,  in  1801.  of  the  American  fleet  sent  to  the  Medi- 
t  rranean,  and  Mr.  George  Harrison  (who  became  an  eminent  citizen  o 
PI  lade  phia)    as    supercargo,   he    sailed   from   the    Delaware   on   the    7th   of 

Decoration  of  the  Order  of 
the  Cincinnati. 

June     1787,   and   arrived   at   Canton  the   following   22d  of   December,   having 
madi  the  first  out-of-season  passage  to  China,  and  f^^/^J^ 
of  which  he  named  Morris  and  the  other  Alliance  Island.    Thes  ^"d™ 
a  oortion  of  the  now  celebrated  Caroline  Islands,   and  Commodore  Reads 
discover     ^ave  rights  to  the  United  States  which  have  never  been  properly 
e    e T    Commodore  Read  reached  Philadelphia  on  hi,  return  voyage   „ 
he   i7th  of  September.   1788.  and  on  the  26th  of  October  followmg  d*d  at 
his  seat  in  New  Jersey,  in  the  forty-ninth  year  of  his  age.     Robert  Morns 
ncluderhL!  obituary  ^of  him  in  these  words:  "While  inte^-^ 
patriotism  and  courage,  united  with  the  most  gentle  —    «^ 
and  admired  among  men.  the  name  of  tins  valuable  f^^1*6^!! 
be  revered  and  beloved.     He  was.  in  the  noble*  import  ot  the  word,  a  man. 
Commodore  Read  left  no   descendants. 


Rossi a  n  a. 

The   Minutes  of  the   Provincial  Council  of  Pennsylvania    (Vol.   x,  p.   379) 
contains  the  following  recommendation : 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Committee  of  Safety,  October  23d,  1775  —  This  Board 
having  taken  into  their  consideration    (by  the  desire  of  the  Hon'ble  Assem- 

Commodore  Thomas  Read  (1740-17SS)   discovering  Alliance  and  Morris 
Islands,  1787. 

bly)  the  appointment  of  a  Commodore  to  command  the  fleet,  Capt.  Thomas 
Read  was  named;  and  after  full  consideration  of  his  merits,  and  inquiring 
into  his  character  and  qualifications,  it  was  — 

Resolved.  That  the  said  Capt.  Thomas  Read  be  recommended  as  a  proper 
person  to  be  appointed  by  the  Honorable  House  of  Assembly  to  that  important 

Commodore  Thomas  Read. 


The  Pennsylvania  Committee  of  Safety,  under  date  of  June  7,  1776, 
accepted  the  resignation  of  Capt.  Thomas  Read  as  commander  of  the  ship 
Montgomery,  he  "  having  been  recommended  to  the  command  of  a  Continental 
frigate."  His  new  command  was  the  36-gun  frigate  George  Washington. 
He  also  commanded  ihe  frigate  Alliance,  and  in  1780,  as  appears  in  an  official 
list  of  the  navy  of  the  United  States  sent  to  Benjamin  Franklin,  he  was  in 
command  of  the  Bourbon,  while  the  Alliance  was  under  command  of  Paul 

The  appended  description  of  Captain  Thomas  Read's  voyage  in  the  old 
Alliance  to  China  is  copied  from  the  Pennsylvania  Packet  and  Daily  Adver- 
tiser of  September  23,  1788: 

Philadelphia,  Sept.  23,  1788. —  Captain  Thomas  Read,  in  the  ship  Alliance, 
bound  to   China,   sailed   from   Philadelphia   in   the  month   of  June,    1787,   and 

Frigate  Alliance,  Commanded  by  Commodore  Thomas  Read. 

arrived  at  Canton  the  226.  day  of  December  in  the  same  year,  having  navi- 
gated on  a  rout  as  yet  unpractised  by  any  other  ship.  Taking  soundings 
off  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope,  he  steered  to  the  southeastward,  encircling  all 
the  eastern  and  southern  islands  of  the  Indian  Ocean,  passing  the  South 
Cape  of  New  Holland ;  and  on  their  passage  to  the  northward  again  towards 
Canton,  between  the  latitude  of  7  and  4  degrees  south,  and  between  the 
longitude  of  156  and  162  degrees  east,  they  discovered  a  number  of  islands, 
the  inhabitants  of  which  were  black,  with  curled  or  wooly  hair.  Among 
these  islands  they  had  no  soundings.  And  about  the  latitude  of  8  degrees 
north,  and  in  the  longitude  of  160  degrees  east,  they  discovered  two  other 
islands,  inhabited  by  a  brown  people,  with  straight  black  hair.  These  islands 
appeared  to  be  very  fertile,  and  much  cultivated ;  and  by  the  behaviour  of 
the  inhabitants  the  ship's  company  were  induced  to  believe  they  were  the 
first  discoverers. —  One  of  them  was  named  Morris  Island,  the  other  Alliance 
Island.  They  did  not  land  on  any  of  them.  These  discoveries  were  made 
in  the  month  of  November. 

The  officers  of  the  European  ships  in  China  were  astonished  to  find  a 
vessel  arriving  at  that  season  of  the  year,  and  with  eagerness  and  pleasure 
examined  the  tract  of  their  voyage. 



In  coasting  near  New-Holland,"  they  had  the  winds  generally  from  S.  W. 
and  blowing  strong,   with  a  great   deal  of  rain. 

They  finished  their  voyage  by  arriving  again  at  Philadelphia  on  the  17th 
of  September,  1788,  having  returned  by  the  usual  rout  of  the  European  ships, 
until  they  were  in  the  Atlantic  Ocean. 


Colonel  James  Read,  one  of  the  fathers  of  the  American  navy,  was  a  son 
of  Colonel  John  Read,  of  Maryland  and  Delaware,  and  a  brother  of  George 
Read,  of  Delaware,  the  signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence  and  the 
framer  of  the  Constitution  of  the  United  States,  and  of  the  daring  navigator 
and  discoverer.  Commodore  Thomas  Read,  of  the  Continental  navy.  He 
was  burn  at  the  family  seat.  Xew  Castle  County,  Delaware,  in  1743.  and  died 
at    Philadelphia   the  31st   of   December,    1822,   in  his   eightieth  year.     He   was 

Silver  Service  which  Belonged  to  Colonel  James  Read. 

regularly  promoted  from  first  lieutenant  to  colonel  for  gallant  and  dis- 
tinguished services  at  the  battles  of  Trenton,  Princeton,  Brandywine  and 
Germantown.  He  was  appointed  by  Congress,  the  4th  of  November,  1778, 
one  of  the  three  commissioners  of  the  navy  for  the  Middle  States;  and 
on  January  11,  1781.  Congress  invested  him  with  the  sole  power  to  conduct 
the  Navy  Board.  When  his  friend,  Robert  Morris,  became  agent,  he  was 
elected  secretary,  and  was  the  virtual  head  of  the  marine  department,  while 
Robert  Morris  managed  the  finance  department  of  the  American  confederacy. 
Colonel  James  Read  married,  on  the  9th  of  July,  1770,  Susanne  Correy,  of 
the  Correys  of  Chester  County,  Pennsylvania,  and  left  one  son,  James  Read^ 
born  at  Philadelphia  in  1783.  The  latter  was  a  great  traveler  in  European 
and  Oriental  countries.  In  1815  he  visited  Sweden  with  his  friend.  Sir 
Robert  Ker  Porter,  and  was  there  created  a  Knight  of  the  Order  of  the 
Amaranth  by  the  Queen  of  Sweden.  He  was  a  man  of  distinguished  attain- 
ments as  an  amateur  botanist.  He  died  unmarried,  at  Philadelphia,  the  29th 
of  October,  1853.  Colonel  James  Read  also  left  one  married  daughter, 
Susanne    Read,    who    married,    the   27th   of    March,    1803,    Joachim    Frederic 


(3®il®msil  &£±mmm  namum, 


A  son  of  Colonel  John  Read  of  !.: 
D  eel.  of  Independence  George  Read  of  Delaware.  &  of  the  daring  navigator  &  di  s  coverer  Captain  Thomas  Read 
of  the  Continental  Navy.he  was  born  on  on-  ntations,  New  Castle  :.&.died 

at  Philadelphia  31«  Dec.  1822  in  his  60"*  year.  He  was  promoted  from  ISLiei  :r  gallant  and 

dietinSuialied  aervices  at  the  battles  of  Trea  n,Brandywine,  and  Germontown.  He 

by  Congress  4*  Nov  1778, one  of  the  3  Commissioners  of  Ih-  Navy  for  the  Mrdile  States;  and  onthell*Jan- 

:•  power  to  conduct  the  Nay)  . 
became  Agent  he  was  elected  Secretary,  and  was  the  virtual  head  i    Robert 

Morris  managed  the  finance  D< 

Colonel  James  Read.  285 

Eckard,  Danish  consul  at  Philadelphia,  and  brother  of  His  Excellency 
Christian  Eckard,  Knight  of  the  Dannebrog  and  honorary  councilor  to  the 
King  of  Denmark,  whose  daughter  married  the  Court  Grand  Huntsman 
lutein,  Knight  Grand  Cross  of  the  Dannebrog,  while  his  sons  and  grandsons 
were  knights  of  the  same  order  and  superior  judges  of  Schleswig-Holstein. 
Consul-General  Eckard  died  at  Venezuela  the  14th  of  September,  1837. 
Mrs.  Susanne  Read  Eckard  was  a  woman  of  remarkable  accomplishments 
and  great  wit,  and  figures,  under  the  name  of  Miss  Rushbrook,  in  a  novel 
entitled  "  Justina,"  by  Mrs.  Simeon  De  Witt,  published  in  1823.  It  is  there 
said :  "  She  keeps  the  most  literary  and  the  most  fashionable  society  in  Phila- 
delphia. Her  manners  are  charming,  her  conversation  full  of  mind,  and  her 
heart  is  noble  and  benevolent."  Mrs.  Eckard  was  the  author  of  the  historical 
account  of  "  Washington  delivering  his  Farewell  Address."  Mrs.  Eckard 
died  at  Philadelphia  the  3d  day  of  December,  1861,  leaving  two  distinguished 
sons, — ;'.  c,  Dr.  Frederick  Eckard,  and  the  Rev.  Dr.  James  Read  Eckard. 
The  latter  was  born  in  Philadelphia  on  the  22d  of  November,  1805,  and  died 
on  the  I2th  of  March,  18X7.  After  graduating  with  honor  at  the  University 
of  Pennsylvania,  lie  studied  law  with  his  cousin,  Chief  Justice  John  Meredith 
Read,  and  was  called  to  the  bar.  But  shortly  afterwards  he  studied  theology, 
and  graduated  at  the  Princeton  Divinity  School.  His  long  life  was  one  of 
remarkable  usefulness,  and  his  work  in  India  and  China  redounded  to  the 
credit  of  America.  In  1845  lie  published  an  authoritative  volume  on  Ceylon. 
Dr.  Read  Eckard  married  Margaret  Esther,  daughter  of  Dr.  Nicholas 
Bayard,  the  son  of  Colonel  John  Bayard,  of  Philadelphia.  He  left  one  son, 
the  Rev.  Leighton  Wilson  Eckard,  born  23d  September,  1845,  who  gradu- 
ated at  Lafayette  College  and  at  the  Princeton  Divinity  School,  and  is  also 
a   distinguished  clergyman. 

Among  the  papers  of  the  late  General  Meredith  Read  was  found  an 
account  of  the  career  of  Colonel  James  Read,  written  by  his  grandson, 
Rev.  Dr.  James  Read  Eckard,  in  a  letter  to  General  Read,  from  which  account 
the  following  extracts  are  made: 

Colonel  James  Read's  father,  Colonel  John  Read,  had  a  mill  on  his  property 
into  which  he  had  introduced  certain  improvements  which  were  esteemed 
as  being  valuable.  One  day,  when  James,  his  son,  was  but  twelve  years  old, 
while  every  white  member  of  the  household,  except  himself,  were  absent, 
a  young  gentleman  in  a  light  chaise,  accompanid  by  a  black  servant  on 
horseback,  drove  up  and  asked  if  Mr.  Read  was  at  home.  When  the  lad 
said  he  was  not,  the  youthful  stranger  expressed  much  disappointment,  and 
said:  "  I  have  come  some  distance  out  of  my  way  to  see  his  mill;  I  am 
about  to  build  one  on  my  own  property  and  wish  to  see  the  improvements 
which  I  have  heard  he  has  made  in  his."  The  lad  replied:  "If  that  is  all, 
I  can  show  them  to  you  and  explain  them."  The  stranger  alighted  and  went 
into  the  mill.  There  everything  was  shown  and  explained.  With  the  aid 
of  a  black  man  connected  with  the  place,  the  mill  was  set  at  work  and 
some  wheat  ground  to  show  the  practical  operation  of  the  machinery.  After 
this,  and  before  the  stranger  left,  he  said :  "  My  little  friend,  when  your 
father  comes  home  give  him  the  compliments  of  Colonel  Washington,  of 
Virginia,  and  thank  him  in  my  name   for  the  politeness  of  his  son,  and  tell 

286  Rossi  ana. 

him  from  me  that  you  showed  all  things  to  me  as  well  as  any  one  could 
have  done."  It  will  be  remembered  that  in  the  spring  of  1755  Washington, 
after  resigning  his  Colonial  commission,  and  before  engaging  to  serve  with 
Braddock,  entered,  for  a  time,  vigorously  on  the  improvement  of  Mount 
Vernon,  which  he  had  just  inherited. 

Early  in  September,  1774,  the  first  Continental  Congress  met  in  Phila- 
delphia. James  Read,  then  a  merchant,  lived  on  Walnut  street,  a  few  doors 
below  Third,  on  part  of  the  present  site  of  the  Exchange.  His  eldest 
brother,  George  Read,  of  Newcastle  (afterward  the  "signer"),  had  just 
arrived  as  a  delegate  to  the  Congress,  and  the  two  brothers  were  sitting  on 
the  porch,  on  a  warm  evening  about  dusk,  when  a  gentleman  drove  rapidly 
down  Walnut  street,  with  two  horses,  followed  by  a  black  servant  in  livery. 
George  Read  remarked,  "I  suppose  that  is  one  of  the  Southern  delegates, 
just  arrived."  James  Read  replied,  "It  is  Colonel  Washington  of  Virginia; 
I  have  not  seen  him  since  1  was  a  hoy  twelve  years  old.  but  I  never  could 
forget  Colonel  Washington  after  seeing  him  once."  Colonel  Washington 
had  visited  Colonel  John  Read  several  times  at  Christiana,  but  George  Read 
was  in  Philadelphia  on  these  occasions. 

Several  battalions  of  "  Associators  "  (we  would  now  call  them  volunteers) 
were  formed  in  Philadelphia.  In  January.  1776,  James  Read  was  elected 
firsl  lieutenant,  "by  a  very  great  majority"  of  a  company  (Delaney's)  in 
the  Third  Battalion  of  Associators,  which  late  in  1776  inarched  to  join 
Washington  after  the  defeats  on  Long  Island  and  above  New  York.  It 
was  part  of  Irwin's  Brigade  when  the  Delaware  was  crossed  by  Washington 
mi  Christmas  night,  177(1.  [rwin's  Brigade  was  to  have  crossed  at  Trenton 
Ferry,  but  the  floating  ice  prevented  the  greater  part  of  his  force  from 
crossing.  This  company,  however,  got  across  and  remained  on  the  Jersey 
shore  for  two  hours.  I  went  once  with  my  grandfather  (James  Read)  to 
see  Trumbull's  picture  of  the  "Crossing  of  the  Delaware,"  at  which  time 
he  referred  to  his  waiting  on  the  Jersey  shore  of  the  river,  and.  as  a  criticism 
on  the  picture,  objected  that  the  night  was  so  very  dark  that  nothing  at  all 
could  he  seen  on  the  water  and  very  little  on  the  land. 

On  the  night  of  January  3.  1777.  the  American  army  marched  to  Princeton. 
1  have  repeatedly,  as  a  boy,  heard  my  grandfather  describe  his  personal 
share  in  that  event.  His  baggage  had  been  captured  near  Bordentown  and 
he  was  lying  on  the  frozen  ground,  with  his  feet  near  a  bright  fire,  trying 
in  vain  to  sleep.  The  approaching  sounds  of  horses'  hoofs  aroused  him  as  a 
group  of  horsemen  drew  near.  One  of  them  rode  up  to  the  fire,  by  the 
light  of  which  he  was  recognized  as  General  Washington.  He  asked,  "  Have 
you  a  command  here?"  On  being  answered  "Yes,"  he  again  asked,  "Can 
your  men  he  under  arms  in  live  minutes"-"  The  reply  was,  "Yes,  in  one 
minute."  As  the  men  were  all  awake  and  dressed,  they  were  under  arms 
in  less  than  one  minute.  After  a  while  theyr  were  ordered  to  march  on 
the  Princeton  road.  As  they  walked  some  fell  asleep  whilst  marching  and 
were  awakened  by  falling  over  the  frozen  ruts  in  the  road.  For  some  time 
a  man  was  behind  my  grandfather  trotting  like  a  dog,  aiming  thus  to  keep 
warm  by  the  motion.  When  it  was  sufficiently  light  to  dstinguish  faces  my 
grandfather  turned  round  and  saw  it  was  General  Mifflin  (afterwards  Gov- 

Colonel  James  Read.  287 

emor  of  Pennsylvania).  After  exchanging  salutations,  he  asked,  "Where 
are  we  going?"  A  turn  in  the  road  just  then  brought  them  in  sight  of 
something  gleaming  at  a  distance.  General  Mifflin  pointed  to  the  gleam 
and  said:  "That  is  the  morning  dawn  reflected  from  a  window  in  Princeton. 
We  are  going  to  it,  but  shall  have  a  bloody  time  before  we  reach  there." 
Very  soon  afterwards  tiring  was  heard  in  front.  It  was  not  long  before  the 
"  Associators  "  were  ordered  forward  and  found  themselves  under  fire.  My 
grandfather  was  near  to  Washington  when  he  rode  between  the  fire  of  both 
armies  as  he  is  represented  by  the  bronze  image  in  the  "  Circle  "  in  Wash- 
ington City.  Referring  to  that  critical  moment  he  wrote  to  his  family  after 
the  battle:  "I  would  wish  to  say  a  few  words  respecting  the  actions  of 
that  truly  great  man.  General  Washington,  but  it  is  not  in  my  power  to 
convey  any  just  ideas  of  him.  I  shall  never  forget  what  I  felt  when  I  saw 
him  brave  all  the  dangers  of  the  field,  his  important  life  hanging  as  it  were 
by  a  single  hair,  with  a  thousand  deaths  flying  around  him.  I  thought  not 
of  myself.     He  is  surely  Heaven's  peculiar  care." 

Delaney's  company  took  part  in  the  bayonet  charge  which  decided  the 
battle.  Whilst  charging  on  the  British  line  my  grandfather  saw  an  English 
soldier  rushing  at  him  with  a  fixed  bayonet.  He  had  in  his  hand  a  fusil 
(which  I  still  own  and  such  as  company  officers  then  carried  in  battle), 
with  this  he  fired  at  the  Englishman,  who  instantly  threw  down  his  musket 
and  pressed  his  hand  on  ins  side.  Blood  gushed  out  between  his  fingers. 
My  grandfather  felt,  as  he  told  me,  a  terrible  emotion  as  he  saw  the  blood 
and  feared  he  had  killed  a  human  being.  He  sprang  up  to  the  man  with  the 
exclamation:  "Have  I  hurt  you?"  The  soldier  said:  "Your  ball  grazed 
my  side.  I  am  not  mortally  wounded."  He  then  went  to  the  rear  as  a 

After  the  battle  my  grandfather  was  left  with  a  party  of  soldiers  to 
attend  to  the  wounded.  A  dying  English  officer  was  among  the  prisoners.  He 
had  been  left  for  dead,  but  Mr.  Read  heard  him  moan.  Raising  him  up 
he  endeavored  for  some  time  to  give  relief.  The  dying  man  gave  his  name 
and  that  of  another  officer  in  the  British  army  and  requested  that  his  watch 
should  be  sent  to  his  mother  through  that  officer.  Then  he  said,  search  in 
such  a  part  of  my  dress  and  you  will  find  a  razor.  It  was  soon  found,  and 
he  remarked :  "  Such  a  razor  as  that  can  scarcely  be  procured  in  America. 
I  wish  you  to  keep  it  and  use  it  as  a  gift  of  gratitude  from  a  dying  enemy." 
Both  parts  of  the  request  were  complied  with,  and  the  razor  was  constantly 
used  for  many  years.  It  was  very  superior  to  most  others.  I  know  not 
where  it  is  now,  but  I  often  saw  it  in  my  boyhood.  Between  Princeton  and 
New  Brunswick  is  a  descent  and  ascent  in  the  road  which,  possibly,  by 
modern  grading  is  less  marked  now  than  formerly.  As  the  party  left  under 
my  grandfather's  command  ascended  the  rising  ground  on  the  New  Bruns- 
wick side,  on  their  retreat  from  the  battle  ground,  they  saw  the  advanced 
guard  of  Lord  Cornwallis'  army  appear  on  the  top  of  the  hill  behind  them. 

Mrs.  Susan  Read  (my  grandmother)  entered  zealously  into  her  husband's 
patriotic  feelings.  She  was  ill  in  Philadelphia  when  the  battle  of  Princeton 
was  fought.  Exaggerated  reports  of  the  fight  and  the  slaughter  reached  the 
city.     A  friend  wishing  to  quiet  her  anxiety  said,  in  her  hearing:  "I  do  not 

288  Rossi  a)i  a. 

think  that  Jimmy  Read  was  in  the  battle;  probably  he  was  in  such  or  such 
a  place."  Mrs.  Read  turned  to  her  and  said,  in  a  playful  manner:  "If  there 
lia--  been  a  battle  and  Jimmy  Read  was  not  in  it  he  need  not  come  back  to 
me,  for   I   would  never  live  under  the  same   roof  with   him." 

In  February.  i~7~.  he  returned  to  his  duties  in  Philadelphia  as  Paymaster 
in  the  Marine  Department.  President  Wharton  of  Pennsylvania  sent  him 
in  March  a  commission  giving  rank  as  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  constituting 
him  "  Sub-lieutenant  oi  the  City  of  Philadelphia  for  the  purpose  of  muster- 
ing and  classing  the  Militia."  Mr.  Read  declined  this  office,  saying:  "I  am 
already  engaged  in  the  service  of  the  Honourable  the  Continental  Congress, 
in  a  line  of  duty  which  engrosses  the  whole  of  my  time  and  attention." 
In  June.  1777.  he  accepted  a  commission  as  Major  of  the  1st  Battalion  of 
Philadelphia  City  Militia,  and  was  present  at  the  battle  of  Brandywine  in 
September.  I  once  heard  his  nephew.  Mr.  William  Read  (your  granduncle) 
relate  how.  when  be  was  a  small  boy.  he  went  to  see  the  American  army 
on  its  retreat  from  Brandywine.  lie  was  particularly  struck  with  the  fine 
personal  appearance  of  his  uncle  who  was  riding  with  his  battalion.  For 
want  of  a  cloak  he  had  bound  a  blanket  around  him  with  his  sword  belt,  but 
his  tine  person  and  military  bearing  gave  him  an  impressive  aspect  not- 
withstanding this  revolutionary  costume.  Soon  after  the  battle  of  Brandy- 
wine Major  Read  accepted  a  temporary  appointment  as  brigade  major  on 
the  staff  of   General  Irwin.      He  held  tins  position  at  the  battle  of   Germantown. 

Once,  when  1  was  riding  with  him  from  Abington  to  Philadelphia,  on  the 
"OKI  York  Road."  about  seven  or  eight  miles  from  the  city,  he  pointed  to 
a    wood   on    the   left    side  of   the   road   and   said:    "It    was   in   that    wood   that 

Major  and    1    commenced  the   fighting  of  the   extreme  left   column  of 

the  American  army  at  the  battle  of  Germantown."  He  then  gave  me  a 
full  account.  He  and  a  Major  Somebody  (I  forget  the  name)  were  sent  on 
the  night  of  Oct.  3d  down  the  Old  York  Road  with  a  detachment,  to  arrest 
and  secure  every  person  living  on  the  road,  so  as  to  prevent  information  of 
the  advance  of  the  army  being  carried  to  the  enemy.  As  they  went  along, 
in  a  solitary  part  of  the  road,  he  and  his  associate  in  command  differed  as 
to  the  day  of  the  week,  whether  it  was  Thursday  or  Friday.  For  the  first 
and  last  time  in  his  life  he  made  a  bet.  which  he  lost.  The  bet  was  for  a 
pair  of  gloves.  As  a  matter  of  principle  he  never  again  laid  a  wager  to  any 
amount.  The  day  was  Friday.  When  they  reached  the  wood  before  referred 
to  it  was  early  in  the  morning  of  the  4th.  Leaving  the  road  and  passing 
some  little  distance  through  the  wood  they  surprised  a  detachment  of  British 
soldiers.  Firing  commenced,  but  soon  the  British  gave  way.  Both  parties 
were  reinforced,  but  the  Americans,  in  that  part  of  the  field,  steadily  main- 
tained their  advantage.  The  British  were  driven  back  from  one  position  to 
another,  until  the  repvdse  of  the  American  main  column  at  Chews  house. 
Of  this  disaster  most  of  those  on  the  extreme  left  knew  nothing  until  some 
time  after  they  were  ordered  to  retreat.  Major  Read  at  first  supposed  that 
the  retreat  was  a  retrograde  military  movement  connected  with  victory. 
After  riding  some  distance  he  was  met  by  an  officer  who  had  been  sent  down 
the  road  to  meet  that  part  of  the  army.  Major  Read  earnestly  asked  what 
this   backward  movement   meant.     The  other  one  then  told  of  the  defeat   in 

Colonel  J  a  Dies  Read.  289 

the  center  and  added  that  a   strong  body  of  British  troops  on  another  road 

had  already   reached   a   place  two   miles   in   advance   id"   where   they   then   were. 

During  the  battle  Major  Read  was  close  by  a  sergeant  who  stood  very 
high  as  a  soldier  and  who  suddenly  struck  one  hand  on  his  forehead  and 
kept  it  there  for  a  lew  moments.  Major  Read  asked  if  he  was  hurt.  'The 
sergeant  removed  his  hand  and  showed  a  musket  hall  in  it.  saying  that  his 
forehead  had  been  struck  by  that  hall  without  being  penetrated.  Me  com- 
plained of  an  agonizing  pain  in  his  head.  By  the  advice  of  .Major  Read 
he   went    to   the   rear   to  get    surgical   aid.  but    he   soon   died. 

A  cannon  ball  from  the  I'.ritish  artillcn  cut  through  a  tree  which  fell  SO 
as  somewhat  to  injure  the  leg  of  .Major  Read.  Me  dismounted  for  a  few 
minutes  to  attend  to  his  hurt  limb.  Just  then  Colonel  Forrest  of  Philadel- 
phia came  to  a  rising  ground  close  by.  with  two  field  pieces.  Colonel 
Forrest  was  himself  engaged  in  leveling  one  of  the  cannons  when  a  well- 
aimed  discharge  from  the  I'.ritish  battery  killed  or  wounded  every  man 
standing  by  both  of  them,  except  Forrest.  Me  quietly  finished  his  work, 
then  stooped  down,  took  the  match  from  the  hand  of  the  dead  artillerist 
and    fired    the   cannon.      Major    Read   who   was   very    near   him    said   that    there 

was  not  the  least  change  of  countenance  in.  Forrest  or  the  lea>t  departure 
from    perfect    tranquility   of   manner. 

After   the  battle   ^\    (iermintown   he   returned   to   his   office   as    Paymaster   of 
the   Navy.      On    February     uth.    177S.    he    was    directed   by    the    Naval    Com 
mittee   of   Congress   to    remove   his   books    and    papers   from    Bordentown    to 
Baltimore.      In    1770   he    was    made    Lieutenant-Colonel    Commandant    of   a 
Regiment   of   Philadelphia    City    Militia.      Me   then.   1    think,   resigned  his  office 

as  Paymaster  of  the  Navy.  For  a  while  he  and  Colonel  Jonathan  Bayard 
Smith  were  in  command  of  a  body  of  troops  near  the  Robin  Mood  tavern 
on  the  Ridge  Road,  four  miles  from  Philadelphia.  I  know  not  the  exaei 
lime  of  this,   but    1    think   it    was   in   the   summer   of    177c). 

In  1770  the  Continental  Congress  appointed  Colonel  Read,  together  with 
John  Wharton  and  William  Winder  (father  of  the  late  General  William 
Winder  of  Baltimore),  as  Commissioners  of  the  Navy  Board,  Messrs. 
Wharton  and  Winder  declined  the  appointment  and  Congress  passed  a 
resolution  authorizing  Col.  Read  to  perform  the  duties  of  all  three.  Cooper. 
in  his  Naval  History,  says:  "in  October,  1779  —  a  Board  of  Admiralty  was 
established  consisting  of  three  Commissioners  who  were  not:  in  Congress  and 
two  that  were.  Of  this  Hoard  any  three  were  competent  to  act.  In  January, 
17S1.  James  Read  (misspelled  Reed)  was  appointed  by  special  resolution  to 
manage  the  affairs  of  the  Navy  Board  in  the  Middle  Department."* 

Subsequently  a  different  arrangement  was  made.  The  Superintendent  of 
Finance,  Mr.  Morris,  was  directed  by  Congress  to  exercise  the  powers  and 
perform  the  duties  of  Agent  of  Marine.  Col.  Read  was  appointed  Secretary 
in  the  department  thus  reorganized.  Joseph  Pennell  was  then  Paymaster. 
Col.  Read  continued  as  Secretary  in  the  department  of  the  Agent  of  Marine 
until  the  close  of  the  war.  As  was  before  noticed  he  served  again  as 
Paymaster  of  the  Navy  from  July,   17S3,  to   September   14th,   1784.     This  was 

•From  memoranda  of  conversation  with  Col.  Read  made  by  Mr.  J.  R.  Eckard,  in  1821, 
I   infer  that   lie  acted   as   Commissioner  of  the   Navy   Board   from   1779. 



by  the  persuasion  of  .Air.  Morris  who  needed  the  assistance  of  one  who 
combined  so  much  pure  integrity  with  extensive  knowledge,  and  accurate 
habits  of  business. 

When  the  war  was  entirely  finished,  and  its  naval  accounts  settled,  Col.  Read 
was  appointed  Inspector  of  Flour  for  the  City  and  County  of  Philadelphia. 
He  held  this  office  from  1785  until  1803.  Subsequently  to  this  he  again 
engaged  in  mercantile  operations,  chiefly  as  an  importer  of  teas  and  other 
Chinese  goods  from  Canton.  After  some  years  he  retired  from  all  mercantile 

In  1783  Col.  Read  was  appointed  by  the  Executive  Council  of  Pennsyl- 
vania as  one  of  four  Commissioners  to  settle  the  claims  of  Connecticut 
emigrants  to  large  tracts  of  land  near  Wilkesbarre.  In  1793  he  was  elected 
a  Director  of  the  City  Library  Company,  and  at  a  later  time  a  Director 
of  the  Bank  of  North  America.  Both  these  offices  he  held  until  his  death. 
He  also  was  a  Director,  and,  for  a  time,  President,  of  the  Mutual  Assurance 
Company  against  Fire.  Also  a  Director  of  the  Insurance  Company  of  North 
America,  in  which  office  I  think  he  continued  until  death.  For  several 
years  he  was  a  member  of  the  Select  Council  of  the  City  of  Philadelphia 
and  would  have  been  continued  as  such  hut  he  declined  re-election.  During 
the  War  of  1812  he  was  appointed  by  the  Select  Council  one  of  a  Committee 
to  provide  for  the  defence  of  the  river  Delaware. 

In  1703.  when  the  yellow  fever  visited  Philadelphia  so  terribly.  Col.  Read 
sent  away  his  children,  but  remained  himself  with  Mrs.  Read  to  perforin 
whatever  duties  might  be  required  at  such  a  time  of  distress.  At  last  he 
was  attacked  by  the  disease.  When  Mrs.  Read  perceived  that  he  was  ill 
she  went  to  a  stable  belonging  to  their  house  where  they  kept  a  horse  and 
chair.  She  harnessed  the  horse  to  the  chair  herself,  I  think,  the  prevalence 
of  the  pestilence  making  it  difficult  to  get  aid.  With  her  assistance  Col.  Read 
got  in  the  chair.  Having  fastened  the  windows  and  doors  she  drove  into 
tin-  country,  not  knowing  where  to  go.  They  stopped  at  several  farm 
houses  before  they  found  a  family  willing  to  receive  them.  He  finally 
reo  'vered. 

It  was  about  1772  that  he  married  Susan  Correy  of  Philadelphia;  perhaps 
the  marriage  took  place  a  year  or  two  earlier.  She  died  about  the  year 
1812.  Their  children  were:  Maria,  who  died  aged  about  twenty-five;  John, 
who  died  as  a  boy.  Two  others  who  died  in  infancy.  I  know  nothing 
about  them.  Susan,  who  married  J.  F.  Eckard,  from  St.  Thomas,  in  the 
1  i.mish  West  Indies,  and  who  was,  for  some  time,  Danish  Consul  for  the 
Middle  States.  She  died  at  the  age  of  85  in  1861.  James,  who  died  in 
1853,  aged  70.  Anna  Correy.  who  died  in  1847,  aged  about  55.  All  of  these 
were  unmarried  except  Mrs.  Eckard. 

Col.  Read  was  for  many  years  a  communicant  in  the  First  Presbyterian 
Church  of  Philadelphia.  He  died  in  December,  1822,  with  a  calm  and  con- 
fident hope  in  his  Saviour.  When  lying  on  his  death  bed  he  was  visited 
by  his  pastor,  the  late  eminently  learned  Dr.  James  P.  Wilson.  Sitting 
down  beside  him,  Dr.  Wilson  remarked  that  he  had  not  come  to  give  instruc- 
tion, or  to  administer  encouragement,  but  rather  for  the  purpose  of  receiving 

George  Read  (>d).  291 

both,  by  seeing  how  a  Christian  could  gain  the  victory  over  death.  At  his 
funeral  Dr.  Wilson  remarked  that  he  believed  that  Col.  Read  had  sins  and 
defects  because  he  was  human  and  no  man  on  earth  is  free  from  them,  but, 
he  added  that  this  was  his  only  ground  for  making  the  assertion,  and  that, 
during  his  long  intercourse  with  him  as  his  pastor  he  had  never  known  of 
any  word  or  action  on  the  part  of  the  deceased  which  was  inconsistent  with 
his  profession  as  a  Christian. 

Notwithstanding  the  limited  advantages  for  education  in  the  part  of 
Maryland  where  he  passed  his  earlier  years,  Col.  Read  was  a  man  of 
superior  information.  His  reading  in  English  literature  was  extensive. 
By  means  of  translations  he  had  a  very  respectable  knowledge  of  classical 
literature.  In  regard  to  poetry  his  taste  was  refined  and  elevated.  His 
picture  by  Otis  represents  him  in  an  attitude  selected  by  his  family  as 
peculiarly  characteristic.  His  spectacles  are  in  his  hand  and  a  book  lying 
open  before  him.  He  is  supposed  to  be  on  the  point  of  telling  the  family 
circle  something  instructive,  or  interesting,  about  which  he  has  just  read. 
The  handwriting  of  Col.  Read  was  uncommonly  good.  His  account  books 
and  business  papers  were  remarkably  well  and  neatly  kept. 

He  was  six  feet  in  height,  well  formed  and  athletic.  His  manners  were 
those  of  a  gentleman  of  the  old  school.  The  amiability  and  gentleness  of 
his  character  were  visible  in  his  countenance  and  constant  deportment.  In 
politics  he  was  a  decided  old-fashioned  Federalist.  Confidence  in  and 
admiration  for  George  Washington  were  like  a  master  passion  in  his  heart. 
Indeed,  his  own  character  was  formed  on  the  same  general  model  as  that 
of  Washington,  although,  of  course,  decidedly  inferior  in  ability  and  mental 
power  to  his  great  commander.  There  was  a  close  resemblance  between 
them  in  unambitious  modesty,  control  of  temper,  disinterested  patriotism, 
pure  integrity,  accuracy  in  business  and  brave  energy  in  action.  Having 
faithfully  served  his  God  and  his  country  he  died,  as  he  had  lived,  without 
fear  and  without  reproach. 

GEORGE    READ    (2d). 

Hon.  George  Read  (2d),  of  Delaware,  eldest  surviving  son  of  George 
Read,  the  signer,  was  born  at  New  Castle  the  17th  of  August,  1765,  at  the 
Read  mansion.  He  married,  on  the  30th  of  October,  1786,  Mary  Thompson, 
daughter  of  General  William  Thompson,  a  distinguished  Revolutionary 
officer,  at  the  latter's  country  seat,  near  Carlisle.  Pennsylvania.  Mrs.  Thomp- 
son was  Catharine  Ross,  the  sister  of  Gertrude  Ross,  wife  of  George  Read, 
the  signer.  George  Read  (2d)  was  an  eminent  jurist,  and  for  nearly  thirty 
years  was  United  States  district  attorney  of  Delaware.  He  was  the  owner  of 
large  plantations  in  Mississippi.  He  died  at  the  Read  mansion  on  the  3d 
September,  1836,  and  was  buried  at  Emmanuel  Church.  He  was  a  handsome, 
dark-haired  man,  of  rich  complexion  and  courtly  manners.  His  portrait 
was  painted  by  Wortmuller.  He  restored  the  Read  mansion,  and  enter- 
tained Lafayette  there  most  sumptuously  on  the  latter's  second  visit  to 




GEORGE  READ   (3d). 

Hon.  George  Read  (3d),  of  Delaware,  son  of  George  Read  (2d),  of 
Delaware,  was  born  in  the  Read  mansion,  at  Xew  Castle.  Delaware.  June 
4.  1788.  and  married,  the  19th  of  April.  1810.  Lonisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey,  whose, 
family  resided  near  Baltimore.  Maryland,  her  father  being  Dr.  Nathan 
Dorsey,  a  surgeon  in  the  Revolntionary  navy,  who  afterwards  became  an 
eminent  physician  in  Philadelphia.  After  graduating  at  Princeton  with 
honors,  in  1806.  he  studied  law  with  his  father,  and  was  called  to  the  bar 
in   Delaware.     Distinguished  as   a   lawyer,   he   was   still   more  eminent  as  an 

Residence   of   George   Read   2d   (1765-1836)    at    Newcastle,    Del. 

advocate  and  remarkable  for  his  conversational  powers,  fine  taste  and 
extensive  and  varied  literary  attainments.  Frank,  generous,  benevolent, 
gentle  and  unassuming  in  manner,  it  was  said  of  him  that  the  general  regard 
that  his  many  admirable  qualities  attracted  was  only  surpassed  by  the  warm 
attachment,  much  more  than  any  man  we  have  known,  which  he  elicited  from 
his  im mediate  friends.  His  father  had  occupied  for  many  years  the  post 
of  United  States  district  attorney,  and  he  also  filled  that  office  with  ability 
during  the  administrations  of  three  of  our  Presidents.  George  Read  (3d) 
died  at  the  family  mansion,  in  New  Castle,  on  the  1st  of  November.  1837. 
and  on  the  eve  of  his  nomination  to  the  United  States  Senate.  He  had 
constantly  refused  the  highest  State  and  national  offices. 

George  Read  (4th).  293 

GEORGE  READ   (4th). 

George  Read1  (4th),  son  of  George  Read  (3d),  of  Delaware,  was  born  at 
New  Castle,  16th  Oct.,  1812;  married,  in  1844,  Susan  Chapman,  of  Virginia, 
and  died  in  August.  1859,  forty-seven  years  of  age  at  Rossmere,  near 
Columbia,  Arkansas.  He  showed  early  aptitude  for  business,  and  was  trained 
in  the  counting  house  of  an  eminent  firm  in  Baltimore.  In  company  with 
his  grandfather,  George  Read  (2d),  he  purchased  a  cotton  plantation  of 
several  thousand  acres  in  Chicot  County,  Arkansas,  on  the  borders  of 
Louisiana,  which  grew  under  his  masterly  touch  into  one  of  the  great  repre- 
sentative plantations  of  the  South.  He  took  an  active  part  in  the  organiza- 
tion of  a  parish  in  his  neighborhood,  where  his  kindness  and  generosity 
made  him  the  object  of  warm  affection.  He  died  in  the  communion  of  the 
Episcopal  Church,  of  which  he  was  a  prominent  member,  like  all  of  his 
family.  He  was  characterized  by  sound  judgment,  foresight  and  energy. 
He  was  most  fastidiously  refined,  a  man  of  medium  height,  of  handsome  face 
and  carriage. 

GEORGE  READ  (5th). 

George  Read  (5th),  of  Arkansas,  eldest  son  of  George  Read  (4th),  of 
Delaware,  was  born  at  Grand  Gulf,  Mississippi,  February,  1847.  and  suc- 
ceeded by  will  to  the  great  plantation  of  Ro'ssmere,  which  was  much  damaged 
by  the  Union  army  during  the  War  of  the  Rebellion.  He  married  Susan 
Salmon,  of  Lynchburg,  Virginia.  He  is  also  a  successful  cotton-planter,  and 
a  gentleman  of  great  refinement  and  varied  culture.  His  eldest  son,  George 
Read  (6th),  of  Rossmere.  died  in  infancy.  Two  children  survive  —  Cleveland 
Read,  born  4th  July,  1884,  and  Alice  Read,  born  15th  of  February,  1880. 
George  Read  (5th),  of  Rossmere,  had  seven  brothers  and  sisters;  all  died 
without  issue  during  the  lifetime  of  their  father,  except  one  sister  and  Wil- 
liam Thompson  Read,  born  at  Rossmere,  7th  October,  1857,  married  7th 
January.  1879,  Jono  Saunders,  cf  Chicot  County,  and  has  William  Thompson 
Read,  born  at  Rossmere  2d  of  April.  1880.  and  Earl  Read,  born  15th  July, 
1883.  Mr.  W.  T.  Read  is  a  large  and  successful  planter.  The  only  surviving 
sister  of  George  Read  (Sth)  and  William  Thompson  Read  is  Marion  Read, 
who  was  born  at  Rossmere  on  the  3d  of  February,  1853;  married.  10th 
November,  1880,  F.  M.  Carlton,  Esq.,  of  King  and  Queen  County,  Virginia, 
and  has  George  Read  Carlton,  born  9th  July,  1883,  and  Marian  Read  Carlton, 
born  August  1.  1884. 

William  Thompson  Read,  son  of  George  Read  (2d),  of  Delaware,  was 
born  in  the  Read  mansion,  at  New  Castle,  on  the  22d  of  August.  1792,  and 

1In  a  letter  to  the  compiler,  Alice  Read,  granddaughter  of  George  Read  (4th), 

My  Grandfather  CGeorge  Read)  married  the  widow  Taliaferro,  who  was  a  Miss 
Susan  Chapman,  of  Orange  Court  House,  Virginia.  They  had  three  children  (who 
lived  to  be  more  than  infants)  —  George  (my  father),  Marian,  who  married  Millard 
Fillmore    Carlton,    and    William    Thompson,    who    married    Antonio    Saunders. 

My  father  had  four  children  —  George,  who  died  in  infancy;  Alice,  Cleveland  and 
Gertrude,    all    unmarried. 

Aunt  Marian  (Mrs.  Carlton)  had  five  children  —  George,  who  married  a  Miss  Emma 
Anderson;  Marian,  who  married  a  Mr.  Hamilton  Frank  (dead),  and  Jessie  and  Mattie. 

Uncle  Will  (William  Thompson  Read),  had  four  children  —  William,  who  married 
a  Miss  Cook;  Erie,  unmarried;  Gladvs,  who  married  Tohn  Breckenridge,  and  George 

My   mother's  name   was    Sue   Salmons,   of   Lynchburg,    Virginia. 

294  Rossiana. 

was  baptized  the  16th  of  September  following  at  Emmanuel  Church.  He 
graduated  at  Princeton  in  1816,  studied  law  with  his  father  and  was  called 
to  the  bar  in  Delaware.  He  resided  at  Washington  for  some  years,  and  was 
at  the  head  of  one  of  the  government  departments,  and  became  later  secretary 
of  the  legation  of  the  United  States  to  Buenos  Ayres,  and  a  Senator  of 
Delaware.  He  was  also  Grand  Master  of  Masons  of  Delaware,  and  one  of 
the  founders  of  the  Historical  Society  of  Delaware.  He  was  a  man  of  great 
culture,  an  ardent  churchman,  and  highly  respected  in  all  relations  through 
life.  He  was  the  author  of  a  life  of  his  grandfather,  George  Read,  the  signer. 
He  died  in  his  mansion  at  New  Castle  on  the  27th  of  January,  1873,  having 
married  Sally  Latimer  Thomas,  who  pre-deceased  him.  He  left  no  issue. 
His  brothers,  Gunning  Bedford  Read  and  Charles  Henry  Read,  both  lawyers 
of  great  promise,  died  unmarried.  His  sister,  Catherine  Anne  Read,  who  was 
born  in  1794,  in  the  Read  mansion  at  New  Castle,  and  died  there  in  1826, 
married,  on  the  18th  of  June,  1812,  Dr.  Allen  McLane.  of  Wilmington,  son 
of  Colonel  .Mien  McLane.  of  the  Revolutionary  army,  and  brother  of  the 
Hon.  Lewis  McLane.  Secretary  of  State  of  the  United  States,  and  uncle  of 
the  Hon.  Robert  M.  McLane,  United  States  Minister  to  France. 

William  Read,  first  lieutenant  of  the  United  States  army,  born  the  24th  of 
April.  1823.  at  the  family  mansion.  Xew  Castle.  Delaware,  was  baptized  on 
the  4th  of  April.  1824.  at  Emmanuel  Church.  Xew  Castle.  He  was  the  son 
of  the  Hon.  George  Read  (3d),  of  Delaware,  and  Louisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey, 
his  wife.  He  was  appointed  from  Delaware  a  cadet  at  West  Point  the  est 
of  July.  1840:  promoted  to  be  second  brevet  lieutenant  in  the  Sixth  Infantry, 
served  with  distinction  in  the  war  with  Mexico;  was  mack-  second  lieutenant 
of  the  Fifth  Infantry  in  1846,  and  first,  lieutenant  of  the  same  regiment  in 
1847;  resigned  21st  of  July,  1850.  He  was  Professor  of  Natural  and  Experi- 
mental Philosophy  in  the  Kentucky  Military  Institute  from  1851  to  1853: 
assistant  examiner  of  patents  at  Washington  from  1855  to  1861.  and  a  planter 
in  Montgomery  County.  Maryland,  from  1861  until  his  death  in  1884.  He 
married  M.  E.  Beale.  the  granddaughter  of  Commodore  Truxton,  of  the 
United  States  navy. 

J.  Dorsey  Read,  a  graduate  of  the  Naval  Academy  at  Annapolis,  was  a 
lieutenant  in  the  United  States  navy.  He  died  in  1858.  Married  Maria 
Chapman,  of  Virginia,  but  left  no  descendants.  He  was  the  third  son  of 
the  Hon.  George  Read  (3d),  of  Delaware,  and  Louisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey, 
his  wife. 

Marian  Murray  Read,  born  at  the  Read  mansion.  New  Castle,  Delaware, 
was  baptized  on  the  6th  of  May,  181 1.  aged  three  months,  at  Emmanuel 
Church.  New  Castle;  was  the  eldest  daughter  of  the  Hon.  George  Read  (3d), 
of  Delaware,  and  Louisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey.  his  wife.  She  married  James  G. 
Martin.  Esq..  of  North  Carolina,  a  graduate  of  West  Point,  who  attained 
the  rank  of  major  in  the  United  States  army,  and  became  a  major-general 
in  the  Confederate  army. 

James  G.  Martin,  eldest  son  of  James  G.  Martin,  of  North  Carolina,  wa9 
counselor-at-law,  Asheville,  North  Carolina.     He  married  Annie  Davis. 

Elizabeth  Stark  Murray  Martin  was  the  eldest  daughter  of  James  G. 
Martin,  of  North  Carolina.  She  married  William  Bruce,  Esq.,  counselor-at- 
law,  Norfolk,  Virginia. 

George  Read  (5th).  295 

Annie  Hollingsworth  Martin  was  the  second  daughter  of  James  G.  Martin, 
of  North  Carolina.     She  died  unmarried. 

Marian  Martin,  the  youngest  daughter  of  James  G.  Martin,  Esq.,  of  North 
Carolina,  was  married  to  Samuel  Tennent,  Esq.,  planter,  Asheville,  North 

Louise  Gertrude  Read,  horn  at  the  family  mansion,  New  Castle,  Delaware, 
second  daughter  of  Hon.  George  Read  (3d),  and  Louisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey, 
Ids  wife,  was  married  to  Colonel  B.  K.  Pierce,  of  the  Lhuted  States  army, 
brother  of  General  Franklin  Pierce.  President  of  the  United  States.  He 
commanded  at  Governor's  Esland  at  the  time  of  his  wife's  death,  which 
occurred  in  1840.  She  was  buried  at  Governor's  Island,  New  York,  having 
no  issue. 

Annie  Dorsey  Read,  third  daughter  of  the  Hon.  George  Read  (3d),  and 
Louisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey,  bis  wife,  born  at  the  family  mansion,  New  Castle, 
Delaware,  was  baptized  on  the  2d  of  August,  181S,  then  aged  three  weeks, 
at  Emmanuel  Church.  New  Castle.  She  married  Isaac  S.  K.  Reeves,  of  the 
United  States  army,  who  was  born  in  New  York.  He  was  appointed  a  cadet 
from  New  York  to  West  Point  in  1X3 r,  graduated  in  1835,  served  with 
distinction  in  the  Florida  War,  and  attained  the  rank  of  major.  He  died 
prior  to  the  Rebellion.  Mrs.  Reeves  resided  in  one  of  the  old  Read 
mansions  at  New  Castle,  Delaware,  and  had  the  following  children:  Keith 
Reeves,  only  son,  an  engineer  in  the  United  States  navy,  who  married  Henri- 
etta Young  and  has  four  children  —  Keith,  Marian.  Joan  and  Joseph; 
Marian  Legare  Reeves,  a  well-known  authoress,  who  wrote  under  the 
nam  de  plume  of  Fadette,  the  following  novels:  "  Ingemisco,"  "Randolph 
Honour  "  and  "  Wearie  Thome,"  and  in  connection  with  her  aunt,  Miss 
Emily    Read,    of    New    Castle,    published    "  Old    Martin    Boscawen's    Jest." 

Annie  Dorsey  Reeves  married  the  Hon.  John  H.  Rodney,  of  New  Castle, 
a  great  grandnephew  of  the  Hon.  Caesar  Rodney,  a  signer  of  the  Declaration 
of  Independence,  and  has  six  sons  and  two  daughters. 

Caroline  E.  Reeves  married  Wm.  S.  Potter,  Esq.,  a  planter  in  Cecil 
County,  Maryland,  and  has  four  sons  and  live  daughters.  Caroline  married 
Rev.  W.  Rede;  Dorsey  Read  married  May  Wheat:  William  married  Mabel 
Dunham;  Marian  Legare;  Emily  Read  married  Wm.  Fontaine  Alexander  (of 
the  Geo.  Washington  family);  Annie  Dorse)  married  Francis  Taylor;  Julia 
Ross  unmarried;   Nathaniel  and   Knight  both  unmarried. 

Caroline  Read,  fourth  daughter  of  Hon.  George  Read  (3d),  of  Delaware, 
and  Louisa  Ridgeley  Dorsey,  his  wife,  born  at  the  family  mansion,  New 
Castle,  Delaware,  was  baptized  on  the  22(1  of  July,  1820,  at  Emmanuel  Church, 
New  Castle.  She  married,  on  the  31st  of  March,  1840,  Major-General 
William  H.  French,  of  the  United  States  army,  a  graduate  of  West  Point  in 
1837,  a  distinguished  officer  of  the  United  States  army  during  the  Rebellion. 
He  was  born  on  the  3d  of  January,  181 5,  at  Baltimore,  Maryland.  He  retired 
in  July,  1880,  as  Colonel  of  the  Fourth  Artillery,  with  rank  of  major-general. 
He  died  on  the  20th  of  May,  i88r,  at  Washington.  His  wife.  Caroline  Read, 
died  on  the  26th  of  September,  1884,  at  Blue  Ridge  Summit.  Franklin 
County,  Pennsylvania.     They  left  the  following  issue  : 

Lieutenant-Colonel  Frank  Sands  French,  born  in  184 1,  at  Houlton,  Maine, 
entered    the    United    States    army,    1861.    as    second-lieutenant    of    artillery, 

296  Rossiana. 

and  was  made  captain  and  brevet  lieutenant-colonel  for  gallant  and  meritori- 
ous conduct  during  the  war ;  died  4th  September,  1865,  at  New  Castle, 
Delaware,  of  wounds  received  at  the  battle  of  Antietam;  unmarried. 

William  Henry  French  of  the  United  States  army,  born  17th  July,  1844. 
at  Newport,  Rhode  Island,  while  his  father  was  stationed  at  Fort  Adams. 
He  married  Emily  Ott  in   1879,  and  has  three  daughters. 

Lieutenant  Frederick  Halverson  French,  a  graduate  of  West  Point  in  1877, 
second  lieutenant  United  States  army  same  year;  first  lieutenant  i860; 
retired   January,    1885 ;    unmarried. 

Lieutenant  George  Ross  French,  United  States  navy,  born  8th  July,  1857, 
at  Fort  McHenry,  Baltimore,  Maryland,  while  his  father  was  stationed 
there;  a  graduate  of  the  Academy,  Annapolis,  in  1880;  midshipman  of  the 
United  States  navy  in  1882;  ensign,  June.  1884;  married,  in  Baltimore,  26th 
of  March,  1885,  Elizabeth  Hollingsworth.  daughter  of  Charles  Findlay,  Esq. 
Mrs.  French  was  born  the  17th  of  November,  1856.  They  have  one  son. 
Findlay  French. 

Annie  Read  French,  born  the  24th  of  May,  1853.  at  Tampa,  Hillsborough 
County,  Fla..  while  her  father  was  stationed  there;  married,  the  24th  of  May, 
1X75.  to  Captain  John  L.  Clem,  of  the  United  States  army.  He  was  born 
at  Newark,  Lickin